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GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY’S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD SINCE 1920 thehoya.com

Georgetown University • Washington, D.C. Vol. 98, No. 23, © 2016

FRIDAY, DECEmber 2, 2016

MUSIC ISSUE

Rediscover the high notes from last year’s music scene and learn what to anticipate in 2017.

EDITORIAL To address a climate of hate, students must combat intolerance.

HOMELESSNESS INCREASES A report to Congress shows a 14 percent spike over the past year.

OPINION, A2

NEWS, A5

GUIDE

Election Sparks Petition Matt Larson Hoya Staff Writer

A petition calling for the university to guarantee the rights and safety of students without documentation and “oppressed and targeted communities” has amassed about 600 student signatures as of Wednesday. In light of President-elect Donald Trump’s victory three weeks ago, a group of students without documentation and their allies formed the GU Sanctuary Movement, which launched the petition on Nov. 23. The online petition, addressed to University President John J. DeGioia, lists 22 demands to the university and the Georgetown University Police Department.

“We remain dedicated to harnessing the resources of our university to pursue the common good.” JOHN J. DEGIOIA President, Georgetown University

The letter asks for the university to refuse to cooperate with the Immigrant Customs Enforcement and Department of Homeland Security, as well as make its recently appointed parttime undocumented student coordinator into a fulltime administrator. The petition also demands that the university designate an all-gender bathroom in each building, institute cultural competency training for all Counseling and Psychiatric Services staff, increase the budget for the Academic Resource Center’s service of first-generation students, establish a course in American Sign Language and support mandatory teach-ins for professors on how to respond to racism in the classroom. “We, the undersigned members of the Georgetown community, write to encourage you to take the necessary steps for Georgetown to become a sanctuary by making a commitment to the human rights, safety, and dignity of every Georgetown student and employee, as well as their families,” the letter reads. Members of the Georgetown Sanctuary Campus Movement will march from Red Square to DeGioias’s office to deliver the letter today at 2:30 p.m. The petition comes after DeGioia sent a campuswide email Nov. 29 affirming the university’s support for students without documentation within the limits of the law. See PETITION, A6

featured

JARRETT ROSS/THE HOYA

While the referendum on making Georgetown a smoke-free campus passed with 49.64 percent of the vote, the results of the referendum on abolishing the senate and restructuring club funding, supported by Senate Speaker Richie Mullaney (COL ’18), was delayed due to claims about polling booths.

Bias Concerns Delay Senate Referendum Results Constitutional Council to review allegation Students vote to go smoke-free Tara Subramaniam and Jeff Cirillo Hoya Staff Writers

The Georgetown University Student Association Election Commission announced it would hold the results of Thursday’s referendum on replacing the senate with a new assembly early this morning, pending a review of alleged unconstitutionality at polling stations. The Election Commission announced it would postpone the results in a tweet at 1:08 a.m. Friday after D.J. Angelini (MSB ’17), Mark Camilli (COL ’19), Charles Hajjar (MSB ’20), Dylan Hughes (COL ’19), Isaac Liu (COL ’20) and Jasmin Ouseph (SFS ’19) filed a complaint with the council alleging that polling locations

hosted by GUSA may have attempted to influence votes in addition to electioneering. GUSA Constitutional Council Justice Russell Wirth (COL ’19) said the council plans on holding a public hearing on the complaint. Wirth said the results will be held until the council adjudicates the matter. Before the vote, The Hoya obtained an internal GUSA email sent to senators and executive members that encouraged supporters of GUSA restructuring to change their profile pictures to include an endorsement of the measure. Members of GUSA, including Senate Speaker Richie Mullaney (COL ’18), Chief of Staff Ari Goldstein (COL ’18) and Vice Speaker Cherie Vu (COL ’19), also led a social media cam-

paign encouraging students to support the referendum. Students campaigning against the referendum cited food offered at polling stations as bribes, an excessive amount of “‘yes” campaign posters on polling stations and the placement of certain polling stations outside the permitted tabling zones. GUSA senators offered a pancake breakfast in Red Square and free Melties ice cream sandwiches for the first 100 students wearing stickers proving they voted. Funding for these and other get-out-thevote efforts came from GUSA’s Sunny Days Fund, a fund set aside for GUSA to use at its discretion during the year. GUSA spent a total of See RESTRUCTURING, A6

Adam Shlomi and Tara Subramaniam Special to The Hoya and Hoya Staff Writer

The Georgetown University Student Association announced 49.64 percent of students voted “yes” in a referendum for a tobacco-free campus in results released Friday at 1:31 a.m. According to the GUSA Election Commission, 46.37 percent of students voted against the referendum. Thirty-four percent of students living off campus participated, 51 percent living in freshman south, 48 percent in freshman north, 45 percent in west campus, 39 percent in east campus, 45 percent in central campus, 46 percent in north

campus, 21 percent abroad and 43 percent in south campus. The referendum was nonbinding and will determine GUSA’s advocacy stance on the university’s plan to create a tobacco-free campus by the 2017-18 academic year. The referendum began as a petition led by Mac Williams (NHS ’17) and GUSA Senator Henry Callander (COL ’18) on Oct. 4. The Georgetown University Medical School campus implemented a full smoking ban in 2014. The Smoke Free Georgetown campaign aims to ban all tobacco products on campus. Currently, smoking is prohibited in any indoor spaces, as per university regulations, and allowed only in designated See SMOKING, A6

Verizon to Lead Bowser Signs Tobacco Bill Wi-Fi Rehaul Simon Carroll Hoya Staff Writer

Willliam Zhu Hoya Staff Wrter

Georgetown will perform a $27.5 million, five-year overhaul of the university’s entire Wi-Fi infrastructure starting this January in partnership with Verizon Communications, according to Vice President for University Information Services and Chief Information Officer Judd Nicholson. The university and Verizon will begin the threeyear project this January, starting with the buildings with the oldest Wi-Fi infrastructure, including the Rafik B. Hariri Building, the Intercultural Center and the Preclinical Science Building on the Medical Center campus. Nicholson said the deal will enable Georgetown to introduce cutting-edge technologies. “What Verizon has also proposed is not just an uplifting of the infrastructure and improving the Wi-Fi connectivity but also a partnership that will allow

Georgetown to benefit from new and emerging technologies,” Nicholson said. “We can benefit and really learn from all the innovation and technology that is really going on.” Nicholson said the new technologies brought by Verizon could help analyze student traffic patterns on campus and alleviate congestion issues. “Those are things we can bring to campus — maybe looking at traffic patterns and how students move in and out of buildings and looking at ways to improve the student experience,” Nicholson said. Senior Director for Strategic Communications Rachel Pugh said the new partnership would fix existing Wi-Fi issues on campus and allow the university to fully take advantage of modern innovations in technology. “This strategic partnership will not only address the critical need to replace aging infrastructure but See VERIZON, A6

The legal age to purchase tobacco products will increase from 18 to 21 after Washington, D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser (D) signed the Prohibition Against Selling Tobacco Products to Individuals Under 21 Amendment Act on Nov. 29. The legislation, initially introduced in 2015 by Councilmembers Kenyan McDuffie (D-Ward 5), Mary Cheh (D-Ward 3), Elissa Silverman (I-At Large), Anita Bonds (D-At Large) and Jack Evans (D-Ward 2), along with former Councilmember Vincent Orange (D-At Large), prohibits the sale of tobacco to anyone under 21. Bowser also signed a bill Nov. 18 banning the use of electronic cigarettes inside public establishments including bars, restaurants and workplaces and another bill Nov. 29 prohibiting smoking and smokeless tobacco from sporting events. The bills must now submit to a 30-day congressional review period in accordance with the District of Columbia Home Rule Act of 1973. Unless they are re-

JINWOO CHONG/THE HOYA

D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser (D) signed legislation to raise the legal age to purchase tobacco products to 21. jected by a joint resolution in Congress, the bills will take effect next year. According to a D.C. Committee on Health and Human Services Report presented by Councilmember Yvette Alexander (D-Ward 7), who serves as the committee’s chair, the bill aims to combat nicotine addiction in the District, which suffers from some of the

highest rates of tobacco use among high schoolers in the nation. Nearly 12.5 percent of D.C. high schoolers smoke cigarettes, making the District fourth out of 44 reporting states in high school tobacco usage. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention found in 2015 that 35 See TOBACCO, A6

NEWS

OPINION

SPORTS

Rhodes Scholar Speaks James Pavur (SFS ’16) is the 25th student in Georgetown’s history to receive the scholarship. A4

Lessons in Student Journalism At the end of her term, The Hoya’s editor-in-chief reflects on the educational role of student press. A3

Shot at Glory The women’s soccer team preps for its first semifinal game in history. B10

NEWS GUSA Supports Ohio State

opinion Reflecting on Bigotry

SPORTS A Lost Season

The GUSA senate passed a unanimous resolution expressing solidarity with OSU. A7

The anti-Semitic rhetoric of this year’s election is reminiscent of a dark past. A3

Published Tuesdays and Fridays

Injuries to key players derailed the football team’s best start in 17 years. B8

Send story ideas and tips to news@thehoya.com


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OPINION

THE HOYA

Friday, December 2, 2016

THE VERDICT

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Can You Dig It? — On Black Friday, Cards Against Humanity offered its customers the chance to send the company money to dig a hole. The company raised over $100,000 and a massive ditch was promptly excavated. None of the funds were directed to any charity or nonprofit.

Fighting Hate With Vigilance C

Beauty in Baltimore — Over 50 artists nationwide worked with students at Renaissance Academy High School in West Baltimore to create a project called Breaking Frames. The project shines light upon the lives of the students and the realities of growing up in Baltimore.

EDITORIALS

Since President-elect Donald Trump was elected three weeks ago, the country has seen an uptick of incidents of violence and intimidation toward minority communities. Within 10 days of Trump’s victory, the Southern Poverty Law Center documented 867 hate incidents, more than 300 of which involved perpetrators who explicitly invoked Trump’s name. In addition there have been bias-related incidents involving members of our community. On Nov. 1, GUPD sent out an email saying there was an incident of an assault against a student in an off-campus hate crime, documented by the Metropolitan Police Department. Vice President for Student Affairs Todd Olson also explained in an email on Nov. 17 that two bias-related incidents were filed by students, one in which a student was spit on, allegedly because of his Asian descent, the report says, while another was shoved to the ground and told to take off a scarf she was wearing that was similar to a hijab. In light of Trump’s inflammatory rhetoric toward ethnic and religious minorities, we must find ways to support students and efficiently address bias- and hate-related incidents within the Georgetown community. Both administrators and student groups must take measures to foster an inclusive and accepting environment for groups vulnerable to discrimination, or risk diminishing our university’s values of dignity and respect. Students need to continue having a conversation on the issues at hand after the intense emotion of the postelection period dies down. To grapple with the problems of bias-related incidents

our community and country are facing, all students need to take a more active role in finding the best ways to address and confront incidents of bias and hate through student- and university-led initiatives. Next year’s New Student Orientation should schedule a program that educates incoming students about the best ways to confront incidents of bias and hate in our community and the various resources available to address these incidents, such as the Bias Reporting System, GUPD and the Center for Multicultural Equity and Access. In addition, there is great value in training members of the community to recognize bias incidents and confront them. The Center for Student Engagement requires leaders of student groups and other faculty to be trained in bystander intervention by Health Education Services. Administrators, students and departments certainly have the capacity and resources now to develop possible training sessions that will educate fellow peers on what bias incidents look like and how to address them. Ultimately, addressing incidents of bias and hate in the community has no single policy solution and must be an ongoing effort that includes activism and programs modeled after already existing initiatives. Students must do their part to not only stand by those peers affected by such incidents, but also to confront hate and intolerance with activism, agency and cooperation. It can only be through collective efforts as one community that we can ensure Georgetown stands in solidarity for students during decidedly uncertain times.

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Now on Netflix — Netflix is now allowing users to download content on mobile devices to be played offline. Subscribers to the streaming video service can watch content in areas without internet connection, such as in subways and planes.

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Pandamonium — Bei Bei, the 1-year-old panda cub at the National Zoo, is successfully recovering from an emergency surgery. After eating too much, the panda required an operation to remove a mass of bamboo from his small intestine.

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Founded January 14, 1920

Earth to Trump — President-elect Donald Trump intends to stop all NASA’s climate change research, calling it “politicized science,” and will instead divert resources to deep space exploration.

EDITORIAL CARTOON by Elinor Walker

Express Solidarity as Sanctuary The Georgetown University Sanctuary Movement, a group of students pushing the university to become a sanctuary campus, launched a petition Nov. 23 calling for Georgetown to guarantee the rights of students without documentation as well as “making a commitment to the human rights, safety and dignity of every Georgetown student and employee, as well as their families.” Modeled after the over 200 “sanctuary cities” nationwide, the sanctuary campus designation involves adopting policies protecting students without documentation. The protections range from offering tuition support to refusing to allow Immigrations and Customs Enforcement officer on campus without a warrant. The measures are designed to make campus environments stable for those who call these communities home. The petition, titled “Open Letter to President DeGioia — Make Georgetown a Sanctuary”, comes at a time when colleges and universities across the country are designating themselves as sanctuaries for students without documentation. Our community has already made recent strides to more effectively serve those here without documentation, yet we encourage students to sign the petition and for Georgetown to establish itself as a sanctuary. This university holds an opportunity to further express their support of all students, regardless of their identity or immigration status. In some respects, Georgetown has already made excellent progress in addressing the needs of students without documentation on campus. The university demonstrated solidarity for students without documentation consistent with its Jesuit values, launching an online portal with legal and academic resources in April and hiring part-time coordinator Arelis Palacios last week to help them navigate university life. In addition, Georgetown University President John J. DeGioia already demonstrated a great deal of support for students without documentation by signing the “Statement in Support of the Deferred Ac-

tion for Childhood Arrivals Program and our Undocumented Immigrant Students.” Such a document called the support of all students, regardless of documentation status, “both a moral imperative and a national necessity.” While Georgetown’s recent initiatives are commendable, the university should take on a more active role in supporting and protecting students regardless of immigration status, within the boundaries of the law, through the development of specific resources and other policies. If they undertook such actions, Georgetown would join schools across the country that are seeking to improve the lives of students without documentation within their campuses. Schools like Wesleyan University, the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia University, the administrations of which have claimed they will not allow the ICE onto campus without a warrant or share students’ immigration status with the ICE. Wesleyan President Michael Roth stated in an interview with the Hartford Courant that the university would gather resources, both legal and otherwise, to support students without documentation and ensure no information about students’ immigration statuses would be handed over to immigration officials unless they were legally obligated. Roth continued his support by stating: “Not that this place is a place to hide, but a place where faculty, students and staff can have their information protected.” His argument exemplifies what Georgetown should also strive to achieve in terms of protecting all of its students, regardless of immigration status. Given our current array of resources, Georgetown’s support for students without documentation deserves praise. Addressing the petition’s demands regarding making the university a sanctuary campus would further embody and emulate the progress this university has made. The university must work to make sure we provide a safe and stable environment for all, regardless of identity, race, ethnicity or immigration status.

Jess Kelham-Hohler, Editor-in-Chief Toby Hung, Executive Editor Matthew Trunko, Managing Editor Ian Scoville, Campus News Editor Aly Pachter, City News Editor Paolo Santamaria, Sports Editor John Miller, Guide Editor Syed Humza Moinuddin, Opinion Editor Naaz Modan, Photography Editor Jesus Rodriguez, Layout Editor Jeanine Santucci, Copy Chief Elizabeth Cavacos, Social Media Editor Meg Lizza, Blog Editor Jarrett Ross, Multimedia Editor

Christian Paz Tara Subramaniam Lisa Burgoa Owen Eagan William Zhu Emily Dalton Sean Hoffman Darius Iraj Ryan McCoy Viviana De Santis Tom Garzillo Kate Kim Marina Tian Grace Laria Vera Mastrorilli Sarah Santos Stephanie Yuan Caroline Borzilleri Alyssa Volivar Danielle Wyerman Yuri Kim Sterling Lykes Emma Wenzinger Kelly Park

Deputy Campus News Editor Deputy Campus News Editor Deputy City News Editor Business Editor Deputy Business & News Editor Deputy Sports Editor Deputy Sports Editor Deputy Sports Editor Paranoia Editor Deputy Guide Editor Deputy Guide Editor Deputy Guide Editor Deputy Guide Editor Deputy Opinion Editor Deputy Opinion Editor Deputy Opinion Editor Deputy Photo Editor Deputy Layout Editor Deputy Layout Editor Deputy Layout Editor Deputy Copy Editor Deputy Copy Editor Deputy Copy Editor Deputy Social Media Editor

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The Rostrum

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hat’s happening here is equally as important, because of the stand that you’re ready to make. When they threaten the environment, they’re threatening you. We are part mountain. We are part ocean. We are part river. We are part flower and grass and tree. All of this, we are part of all of it, so that when they threaten the environment anyplace, they’re threatening you. You have to be in that mindset like that. That’s who you are. That’s who we are. And our culture, our heritage is what has made us warriors.

Dennis Banks Co-founder of The american indian movement Demonstration at Standing Rock, Aug. 23, 2016

Evan Zimmet, General Manager Selena Parra, Director of Accounting Emily Ko, Director of Corporate Development Gabriella Cerio, Co-Director of Human Resources Catherine Engelmann, Co-Director of Human Resources Daniel Almeida, Director of Sales Brittany Logan Senior Accounts and Operations Manager Alexander Scheidemann Treasury Manager Galilea Zorola Subscriptions Manager Elizabeth Sherlock Personnel Manager

Editorial Board

Syed Humza Moinuddin, Chair Jack Bennett, Ben Card, Jesse Jacobs, Naaz Modan, Anthony Palacio, Ashwin Puri, Andrea Roos, Ellen Singer

]

Contributing Editors & Consultants

Madeline Auerbach, Kara Avanceña, Reza Baghaee, Nick Bailey, Isabel Binamira, Jinwoo Chong, Deirdre Collins, Cleopatra Fan, Gabi Hasson, Shannon Hou, Charlie Kelly, Daniel Kreytak, Andrew May, Catherine McNally, Naaz Modan, Suzanne Monyak, Jesus Rodriguez, Zack Saravay, Molly Simio, Emily Tu, Andrew Wallender

Board of Directors

Kristen Fedor, Chair Jinwoo Chong, Jess Kelham-Hohler, Arnosh Keswani, Katherine Richardson, Daniel Smith, Evan Zimmet Letter to the Editor & Viewpoint Policies The Hoya welcomes letters and viewpoints from our readers and will print as many as possible. To be eligible for publication, letters should specifically address a recent campus issue or Hoya story. Letters should not exceed 300 words. Viewpoints are always welcome from all members of the Georgetown community on any topic, but priority will be given to relevant campus issues. Viewpoint submissions should be between 600-700 words. The Hoya retains all rights to all published submissions. Send all submissions to: opinion@thehoya.com. Letters and viewpoints are due Sunday at 5 p.m. for Tuesday’s issue and Wednesday at 5 p.m. for Friday’s issue. The Hoya reserves the right to reject letters or viewpoints and edit for length, style, clarity and accuracy. The Hoya further reserves the right to write headlines and select illustrations to accompany letters and viewpoints. Corrections & Clarifications If you have a comment or question about the fairness or accuracy of a story, contact Executive Editor Toby Hung at (202) 315-850 or email executive@thehoya.com. News Tips Campus News Editor Ian Scoville: Call (202) 602-7650 or email campus@thehoya. com. City News Editor Aly Pachter: Call (916) 995-0412 or email city@thehoya.com. Sports Editor Paolo Santamaria: Call (703) 409-7276 or email sports@thehoya.com. General Information The Hoya is published twice each week

during the academic year with the exception of holiday and exam periods. Address all correspondence to: The Hoya Georgetown University Box 571065 Washington, D.C. 20057-1065 The writing, articles, pictures, layout and format are the responsibility of The Hoya and do not necessarily represent the views of the administration, faculty or students of Georgetown University. Signed columns and cartoons represent the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the editorial position of The Hoya. Unsigned essays that appear on the left side of the editorial page are the opinion of the majority of the editorial board. Georgetown University subscribes to the principle of responsible freedom of expression for student editors. The Hoya does not discriminate on the basis of age, gender, sexual orientation, race, disability, color, national or ethnic origin. © 1920-2016. The Hoya, Georgetown University twice weekly. No part of this publication may be used without the permission of The Hoya Board of Editors. All rights reserved. The Hoya is available free of charge, one copy per reader, at distribution sites on and around the Georgetown University campus. Editorial: (202) 687-3415 Advertising: (202) 687-3947 Business: (202) 687-3947 Facsimile: (202) 687-2741 Email: editor@thehoya.com Online at www.thehoya.com Circulation: 4,000


OPINION

Friday, December 2, 2016

VIEWPOINT • KELHAM-HOHLER

THE HOYA

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VIEWPOINT • MUHLRAD

Education Through Student Press

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am pretty sure I was only hired as a writer because the senior interviewing me was currently working on her thesis about Queen Elizabeth. My British accent alone earned my access to Leavey 421. I did not come to Georgetown with dreams of being a journalist. When I arrived on campus, it was with only a vague notion of The Hoya’s existence — it was the promise that I could see movies for free and review them that convinced me to apply.

The media needs to be held accountable, a lesson that must start at the level of student journalism. Three and a half years later, and oh, how things have changed — among them, my love and respect for student journalism. From overseeing our coverage of Georgetown’s slaveholding past to frantically gathering USB sticks to print without internet; from organizing our fashion issue shoots to helping run our election night blog — I credit The Hoya with providing me with my most memorable experiences. While I have been fortunate to have some inspiring professors during my time at Georgetown, it is this paper that has taught me the most important, varied and challenging lessons. One of the most significant challenges we have had to tackle is trying to understand the newspaper’s place here on campus. At the core of The Hoya is a conflict with which everyone on staff struggles: balancing being a student group with being a pro-

fessional organization. Often, it puts us in the uncomfortable position of being both part of and outside of the university community. This leads to the criticism both that we take ourselves too seriously and that we do not report seriously enough. At our best, we see results we can be proud of — stories that bring important issues to light, that challenge the university administration and highlight the work being done by students across campus. But at our worst, we see mistakes that still have the ability to make me physically cringe as I fall asleep. When these mistakes happen, they do so publicly, as the multitude of emails, Facebook and Twitter notifications remind me. Let me be clear — this criticism is important. Of all the lessons The Hoya teaches its members, particularly those aspiring to be professional journalists, this is one of the most valuable. After all, if there is one thing to take away from this election, it is that the media needs to be held accountable. That is a lesson that must start at the level of student journalism. Being part of The Hoya means making sacrifices. For us to do our best, we tend to have to give up our time, some grades, a lot of sleep and, on bad days, some personal relationships. We also have to accept being called out and criticized — sometimes justifiably about our work, and other times unjustifiably about our personal character. Is it worth it? Absolutely. Being editor-in-chief has been a privilege. After spending so many hours in this office, it is hard to pinpoint exactly what stands out as making this experience so wonderful. There is the work, the satisfaction of putting

out a story that has really paid off after requiring so much effort, the rush of adrenaline when fiercely standing by an article. But there are the people, too. Witnessing students develop here from nervous new hires to exceptional editors is one of the best rewards as editor-in-chief. The experience of working with our extremely passionate and dedicated staff is one I would not trade for anything. Over the past few weeks, friends have commented on how excited I must be to be done and to have my life back. It is understandable that they think that will be the case, especially since some have started to comment on my corpselike appearance. Yes, it will be nice to return to a semi-regular sleep schedule, but I take it as the best possible sign that if someone asked me to do it all over again, I would say yes in a heartbeat. As with every editor-inchief before me, I hope I leave The Hoya a little better than I found it, and I look forward to seeing it improve once I am retired.

While I have been fortunate to have some inspiring professors during my time at Georgetown, it is this paper that has taught me the most important, varied and challenging lessons. To more people than could possibly fit here, I can only say thank you for absolutely everything.

JESS KELHAM-HOHLER is a senior in the College and the 142nd editor-in-chief of The Hoya. Her term ends Saturday.

USE YOUR WORDS

The Dangers in Denying Facts

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acts are foundational to our democracy. We turn to facts to help us lift the veneer of hypocrisy that characterizes modern politics. Following this election, it seems that facts no longer have the ability to compel policy or sway public opinion. According to PolitiFact, a staggering 70 percent of President-elect Donald Trump’s statements are verifiably false. In fact, the Trump campaign has thrived on the spread of fake news on social media and the increasing popularity of news outlets like Breitbart that spin stories in their preferred candidates’ favor. An increasing — and baffling — disrespect for objective truth seems to be the leitmotif of the 2016 presidential campaign.

It would be easy to blame this phenomenon on the recent wave of populist movements. Trump has made the problem more salient with his blatant disdain for facts and ability to spin the truth. But this problem is not new. Past presidential administrations have witnessed a decline in the influence of traditional media outlets and the flourishing of media outlets that propagate false or highly biased news across the internet, such as Breitbart and Drudge Report. We are now seeing the consequences of living in a post-truth society. In past elections, presidential candidates, regardless of political leanings and party identity, at least agreed on facts. They could, and would, disagree on the causes of unemployment, but could at least

agree that the unemployment rate was 4 percent. An inability to even agree on facts indicates a serious problem in our political system: Different parties do not just have varying ideas on how to fix the world in which we live, they live in altogether different worlds.

Annabelle Timsit It would be easy to blame this phenomenon on the recent wave of populist movements internationally, which do benefit from the spread of misinformation because they know that it feeds into their image. The reality, however, is more complicated: There is an oversupply of differing facts and views and of media outlets with varying degrees of trustworthiness inundating us daily with an overwhelming amount of information. The result is not a flourishing of diverse viewpoints from news outlets, but rather the spread of fake news. Earlier this year, BuzzFeed released a study showing that in the final three months of the presidential campaign, topperforming fake election news stories on Facebook generated more engagement than top stories from major news outlets such as The New York Times, The Washington Post, NBC News and others. There is a problem when a Pew Research Center study shows that 44 percent of American adults say they get their news from Facebook. Instead of turning to reliable media outlets, people turn to Facebook, where — in addition to the echo

chambers that flood their newsfeeds with opinions similar to theirs — they are also inundated with fake news items like “Wikileaks CONFIRMS Hillary sold weapons to ISIS!”, a debunked article from the website The Political Insider. This post-fact phenomenon creates some chilling possibilities for our politics and democracy. Once facts cease to be inherently powerful, how will we reach any consensus on the nature of social, economic and environmental problems, let alone agree on the solutions? President Barack Obama himself warned of the dangers of this phenomenon earlier this month: “If we are not serious about facts … if we can’t discriminate between serious arguments and propaganda, then we have problems.” Reinvigorating our democracy should, in theory, be a bipartisan issue and restoring the public’s trust in facts is a good place to start.

This post-fact phenomenon creates some chilling possibilities for our democracy. The spread of false news is one of many issues leading to the disenfranchisement of the American people and the diminishing of our democratic system. But we cannot be active and committed agents in our democratic process if we are not armed with the facts that enable us to make informed decisions.

Annabelle Timsit is a senior in the School of Foreign Service. This is the final installment of Use Your Words.

If we want our country to celebrate its diversity, we must be inclusive of minority groups and attentive in our everyday conversations.

Bigotry, a Recurring History

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am not an alarmist. But after the recent presidential election, my attitude may have changed. President-elect Donald Trump has turned minority groups into targets for discrimination by taking advantage of the hardships and dissatisfaction voters experienced over the last eight years. Many in the American Jewish community, 71 percent of whom voted for former Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton, have drawn parallels between Trump’s claims and dark episodes in Jewish history. The phrase “We’ve seen this before” has become popular within Jewish social activism groups, and as the grandson of Holocaust survivors, this is a not a phrase I use lightly. But the climate toward Jews following Trump’s election calls for reflection about how his inflammatory rhetoric could normalize anti-Semitism in everyday conversation. The Trump campaign reeked of anti-Semitism. Trump’s speech to the Republican Jewish Coalition in December 2015, in which he harped on nearly every Jewish stereotype, was an early indication of his anti-Semitic attitude. Trump has also praised Alex Jones, a radio host who believes a “Jewish mafia” runs the country, and it is equally concerning that Trump’s chief strategist and the former head of Breitbart, Steve Bannon, objected to his children going to school with Jews, .

In an article for The Atlantic, Jeffrey Goldberg wrote that the “self-described alt-right” has been empowered in that “the white nationalist far-right has decided ... that Trump will advance its interests.” It cannot be a coincidence that of the 2.6 million anti-Semitic tweets directed at Jewish journalists during the 2016 election season, the Anti-Defamation League report found that about two-thirds were tweeted by users whose bios contained the terms “Trump,” “nationalist,” “conservative” and “white.” The increase of swastikas recently reported by the New York City Police Department is a manifestation of these views. I have not even touched the issue of Trump’s campaign rhetoric, which labeled Mexicans as rapists, attacked the Muslim family of a U.S. veteran and directed misogynistic language toward women. My hope is by encouraging reflection upon the conversations we have in everyday life, we can stop the type of rhetoric that leads to policies such as the deportations of millions of immigrants without documentation or the forced registration of an entire religious minority group. It is not as if the day after Hitler’s election my grandparents were forced to wear yellow stars. Germany was in a terrible economic state and derogatory comments about Jews gradually became socially acceptable, first in private

conversation, then in large political meetings and finally in Nazi speeches. Ultimately, anti-Semitism was normalized and digested enough to be codified into policies. If we want our country to celebrate its diversity, we must be inclusive of minority groups and attentive in our everyday conversations. If friends say something xenophobic, call them out. Doing so will send a message that there is no room for conversation that isolates members of our community. If our daily conversations normalize discriminatory policies, then these changes may even be accepted passively. We have seen such passive acceptance before. We can use the same approach to keep our elected officials in check. If we are concerned about Islamophobia in government, we should call our representatives and ask them to make statements. If we see politicians increasingly associating themselves with the alt-right, we must hold them accountable. This request for accountability is bipartisan. This country was built from its diversity and it is the only way we will continue to grow. Only a collective social conscious can ensure that this country continues to be a home for Jews, Muslims and all groups within American society.

jonathan Muhlrad is a sophomore in the College.

AS THIS JESUIT SEES IT

Music as a Language of Love

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n my first column of the semester, I discussed the Ignatian practice of the “Examen” — the spiritual practice of interior listening as a means to reflect on and cull deeper meaning from one’s experiences. A desired end of the Examen is to reflect on where one has been and discern where one is going. As we approach the conclusion of the semester and the year, it is worthwhile to reflect on the entirety of 2016. Painted with broad strokes, many events come to mind: Brexit and the attacks in Brussels, the spread of the Zika virus, the Orlando shooting and the presidential election. Yet, as I sit listening and looking back on the year, what quietly emerges as well is music. It might seem odd, in a year marked by change, violence and upheaval, that music should be a part of it all. But music is and always will be a powerful force in our world. Near the conclusion of “The Republic”, the philosopher Plato warned against the poets and musicians in any culture, recognizing the force of poetry to sway the emotions of the people. In doing so, they hold the power to influence, command and even alter a society at large. In the midst of all the alarming world events of this past year, 2016 also saw the loss of three extraordinary voices from the realm of music: David Bowie, Prince and Leonard Cohen. If Plato’s concern about the power of the poets is to still be believed today, then it

might be worth glancing back briefly on what they have left us — and what they offered us in terms of who we are and who we might desire to be.

Fr. Gregory Schenden Bowie in his song “Heroes” describes love as an act of resistance. Recorded in 1977 in a divided Berlin, the song tells of a pair of nameless lovers who meet in the shadow of the Berlin Wall, a symbol of division and totalitarianism. The guards in the turrets surely see them, yet the couple “can beat them” even if “just for one day.” Bowie illustrates how communities may be oppressed by different ideologies, but gestures of love are still an act of resistance, letting the oppressors know they cannot tyrannize fully. The title of Prince’s “Compassion” says it all. While Prince was surely best known for provocative sensuality and political lyrics, in his later years his songs also encompassed traces of activism. “Compassion,” from his “20Ten” album, is a clarion call to empathy, embracing friendship and love for one another. Addressing racial division, environmental ruin and greed, the song is rooted in Prince’s belief in caring for

one’s neighbor: “Everybody can win/ With a little faith in man/ Beginning of an end/ And start a brand new something.” Only through the virtue of compassion can everyone win. Cohen sings early in “Anthem” of hope emerging from human brokenness: “Don’t dwell on what/ Has passed away/ Or what is yet to be.” With the recognition of a world that will continue to be violent, he then offers the epiphany: “There is a crack in everything/ That’s how the light gets in.” With that, weakness becomes strength, and strength becomes virtue. And the subject of light? Why go searching for light when the light already shines from us, emerging from our failings. Woody Guthrie once said music has to be more than just good; it has to be good for something. Bowie, Prince, Cohen — these voices provide something that is indeed good, and good for something. They provide for us a pure voice that speaks the language of emotion, of spirit, of soul. Language of love, compassion, hope. Virtues to be emboldened by and lived out. And in these turbulent, chaotic times, when division and hate are front-page headlines, and love and hope resigned to the obituaries, we really need it. It is there. Just listen.

Fr. Gregory Schenden, S.J., is the Catholic chaplain at Georgetown University. This is the final installment of As This Jesuit Sees It.


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INSIDE THIS ISSUE Students and administrators discussed how to create an inclusive campus Wednesday. Story on A8.

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Q&A: Rhodes Scholar Pursues Cybersecurity Focus OWEN EAGAN Hoya Staff Writer

On Nov. 19, James Pavur (SFS ’16) was awarded a Rhodes scholarship to pursue a Ph.D. in cybersecurity at Oxford University starting next year. Pavur, a science, technology and international affairs major, was one of 32 American students out of 882 applicants nationwide to receive this year’s scholarship this year, which had a 3.6 percent acceptance rate. Pavur is the 25th student in Georgetown’s history to receive the award, joining the ranks of Georgetown alumnus President Bill Clinton (SFS ’68).

“There’s just so many, basically magical things around us, and I think cybersecurity is about letting us enjoy that magic safely.” JAMES PAVUR (SFS ’16) Rhodes Scholar

Hannah Rhodes (COL ’15) received Georgetown’s first Rhodes scholarship since 2011 last year. An avid student of computer science, Pavur serves as the director of information security for Students of Georgetown, Inc. He has also competed and won awards at numerous hackathon competitions where he worked to develop an interface that allows paralyzed or injured people to type, among other projects. Pavur also mentors for Georgetown Women Coders, an organization that supports female science, technology, engineering and math education. Pavur plans to graduate from Georgetown this fall. As an ultimate goal, Pavur aims to serve within the U.S. Department of State’s Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues and hopes

to alter the United States’ approach to the cybersecurity landscape of the future. In an interview with THE HOYA, Pavur discussed his achievement, his commitment to public service and his future in the world of cybersecurity. This interview has been edited for length and clarity. The full interview is available online at thehoya. com. Can you describe your first emotion upon hearing about your Rhodes scholarship acceptance? I was really surprised that I was the one who ended up winning. There was a whole room full of really incredible people who got invited down there from a bunch of schools and I know there were great candidates from Georgetown, too. And it was just very surprising to me. I very much thought that I had lost the competition after my interview. You have said one of your goals is to work for the U.S. Department of State’s Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues. Why do you want to devote yourself to that particular office and issue? Cybersecurity right now is a very militarized area. It exists mostly in the context of the intelligence communities of the world and law enforcement communities of the world. And I think that it’s going to become a more and more important component of our diplomatic strategy and not just in a “We have to extradite criminals” or “We have stop people from hacking us from abroad.” But also, I think there are a lot of countries who share similar concerns about organized crime or terrorism in cyberspace and there’s a lot of opportunities for cooperation on cyber issues. I’d really love to kind of work on seeing how the United States can work with our allies and even people who aren’t quite allies but might become them in cyberspace more closely.

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James Pavur (SFS ’16) won a Rhodes scholarship to study cybersecurity for his Ph.D. at Oxford University, becoming the 25th student from Georgetown to win the prestigous award. To follow that, as you have said that your ambition is to work in the federal government, what does public service mean to you? The reason that working for the federal government and being a public servant is so appealing is because the sort of work that you do does have a tangible impact on the lives of millions of people. I could work for a startup, and maybe create some really cool product, make a lot of money and then kind of run off to a mansion, but there’s so many tough challenges that need to be solved in the public service space and I think that’s where our future is going to be determined over the next century, in cyberspace, and it would be great

to play a part in that. Rhodes scholars are chosen partly on the basis of achieving great things for humankind throughout their lifetimes. Do you feel ready for the years ahead? No. Achieving great things is a really, really high bar. There’s a lot of work to be done in cyberspace. I think that there are a lot of great things that will be achieved, and I’ll definitely give it my best shot, but just to be able to play a small part in that would be incredible. If you could look back now to the outset of your college career, what advice would you offer to your younger self? The big thing for me has

been kind of focusing on things I like to do. When I was a freshman, I was very much, “I have to do everything, I have to commit to a bunch of different things.” And, it’s very hard to do something halfway, and it’s extremely hard to do something halfway and do it well. And I think that focusing in on your core interests as early as you find them and not being hesitant about pursuing it would be the advice I’d give me. I wish I had started coding more aggressively the moment I came to Georgetown. There’s such a great community of people here who know programming and they’re not as visible as maybe at some tech schools, but they’re there and I wish I had gotten them earlier.

If you knew the whole world was listening, what would you say? That’s a tough one. The future’s exciting, and I think that we should dive in headfirst into it, but we should be a little careful about it. I think cybersecurity isn’t just about fighting hackers or spying on communications, it’s really about taking all of this magical, incredible stuff, all the cameras that are recording me right now, all of the lights in this room, the connections that allowed me to apply for the Rhodes scholarship online. There’s just so many, basically magical things around us, and I think cybersecurity is about letting us enjoy that magic safely.


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Grad Schools Form Alliance DC Homelessness Increases Report cites 14 percent spike in District

Marina Pitofsky Hoya Staff Writer

The Georgetown University Medical Center and the Georgetown University Law Center launched the Health Justice Alliance, an educational and training partnership, to increase access to medical care and legal services for lowincome Washington, D.C. residents on Nov. 22. The alliance joins students from the two schools, as well as faculty, clinicians and other health professionals, to establish classes and train future professionals to identify and treat health-harming legal challenges. The medical-legal partnership will place law students at Georgetown health clinics to provide free legal services to low-income patients on site. GUMC announced that the first class for both medical students and law students will launch this spring, and the following fall the program will begin embedding law students at health clinics. Georgetown University Health Justice Alliance Medical Director Eileen Moore explained that her goal of creating a medical-legal partnership developed when she was treating an asthmatic patient whose condition worsened due to her living conditions. Moore said she sought the help of an attorney to help the patient access safer housing. “We have the resources here, the human resources, individuals who are passionate about health justice and social justice,” Moore said. “As soon as you look at taking care of patients, particularly patients in vulnerable populations, it becomes abundantly clear that a lot of the healthharming social determinants of health cannot be mitigated by physicians alone. We need the strength of the team the interdisciplinary team, to be able to intervene in many situations.” Moore highlighted the partnership as a reflection of the university’s Jesuit tradition and commitment to social justice. “It’s going to be incredibly exciting and I think very empowering to be able to practice at this new, deeper level to really be able to not only delve into those social determinants of health but also to have the

Marina Pitofsky Hoya Staff Writer

Georgetown university medical center

GUMC and GULC announced an alliance to provide legal services to low-income patients Nov. 22. toolbox there to help mitigate those problems,” Moore said. “I think that’s going to be incredibly powerful.” GULC professor Yael Cannon said the program will seek to address racial inequality in the District as well as economic inequality. “People who are living in poverty in Washington, D.C., especially people of color who experience significant health disparities, experience legal barriers to good health,” Cannon said. “We’re trying to mobilize the resources of both of our institutions together to try to address those barriers so that people can get healthy and experience true justice.” According to a report released early September by the School of Nursing and Health Studies’ Department of Health Systems Administration, black men are expected to die 15 years earlier than white men in Washington, D.C. Center for Law and Social Policy Director of Income and Work Supporters Elizabeth Lower-Basch said this kind of partnership can provide quality health care while still taking a complete look at other challenges a patient might face. “Medical-legal partnerships are a promising way to help low-income patients address their non-medical needs, such as adequate food or safe housing, that have a large influence on their health,” LowerBasch wrote in an email to The Hoya. “The Center for Law and Social Policy is pleased to see Georgetown undertaking this effort and incorporating a holistic approach to supporting patients and families in the

training of future lawyers and doctors.” Kelly Singleton (LAW ’17) said she was happy to hear about the creation of the partnership and predicted that the program could give GULC and GUMC students practical career experience while still allowing them to participating in social justice. “The new initiative will not just serve our community, but expose Georgetown law and med students to real-world issues we don’t read about in casebooks or learn in lectures. I encourage all students to learn more about the program and participate if they can,” Singleton wrote in an email to The Hoya. “It’s yet another reason to be proud to be part of the Georgetown community.” Stephanie Goldberg (LAW ’19) also expressed excitement about the opportunity to work personally with residents in the District. “The Georgetown University Health Alliance is an exciting new opportunity for students to both further their personal academic interests in careers surrounding health and the law as well as gain unique hands-on experience which will directly connect the students with the local community,” Goldberg wrote in an email to The Hoya. “This program greatly reflects the university’s commitment to social good, opportunity for all, and justice, while providing students with top-notch, new and innovative learning offerings.” Hoya Staff Writers May Teng and Olivia Chiu contributed reporting.

Washington, D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser (D) expressed her support Tuesday for a bill to make it harder for non-D.C. residents to use the city’s homeless shelter system. The bill follows the release of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress on Nov. 17, which detailed a 14 percent spike in homelessness in the District over the past year, tied with Idaho for the largest percentage increase of states nationwide. At the mayor’s monthly breakfast with the D.C. Council on Tuesday, she urged the passage of a bill introduced in September that would tighten the paperwork requirements for the homeless to verify that they are D.C. residents as well as disqualify those with access to safe housing options from emergency shelters. Only California and Washington state surpassed D.C. in terms of the largest raw number increase of homeless people since last year. The District’s homeless population increased by 1,052 people since last year, compared with California’s 2,400 person increase and Washington’s 1,400 person increase. D.C. Coalition for the Homeless Executive Director Michael L. Ferrell attributed the increase to the rising cost of housing in the District, specifically for the larger homes that tend to be more suitable for families. “There’s no one simple solution to the problem of homelessness, but certainly what our leaders can focus more on is creating more housing opportunities in general for low-income people, not just persons who are experiencing homelessness, but low-income citizens as a whole,” Ferrell said. Ferrell also predicted that unless the D.C. government increases low-income housing or offers housing voucher programs, wherein

the District would help fund low-income residents’ housing, the number of local homeless residents could continue to rise. Bowser additionally cited the risk of overflowing shelters once temperatures drop below freezing as a reason to act on the legislation. According to the D.C. Department of Human Services, the District spends $80,000 every night on motel rooms for homeless families. During the winter months, the DHS lists 12 percent of those families as non-D.C. residents. A coalition of six homeless advocacy organizations wrote a letter to the D.C. Council urging it not to act until a full hearing is held.

“There’s no one simple solution to the problem of homelessness, but certainly what our leaders can focus more on is creating more housing.” michael ferrell Executive Director, D.C. Coalition for the Homeless

The Homeless Assessment Report highlighted that fewer than 5 percent of D.C.’s homeless population was unsheltered during the night in January. The District enforces a right-to-shelter law, which guarantees homeless individuals and families shelter during hypothermia season between Nov. 1 and March 31 when temperatures fall below freezing temperatures. HUD measures data for the report each year by picking one night in late January during which researchers assess the homeless population within certain localities and use those esti-

mates to make nationwide projections. HUD found a total of 8,350 homeless people living in the District on Jan. 28. Councilmember Jack Evans (D-Ward 3) said homelessness in the District contributes to a wider range of issues and added that there may be solutions the D.C. Council can work toward in attempting to lower homelessness rates. “Ending homelessness in D.C. requires that we provide ample human services and job training, access to emergency shelter and affordable housing,” Evans wrote in an email to The Hoya. Ferrell added that he would like to see a greater awareness of the prevalence of homelessness in the District among area residents. “Homelessness can affect anyone,” Ferrell said. “Most people are only one, two or three checks away from being homeless themselves, so people should realize that by and large it’s an economic issue above all else, so it really can happen to anyone.” Georgetown University Homeless Outreach Programs and Education member Mandy Brouillard (NHS ’18) echoed that one of the most important steps policymakers can take in combating homelessness is garnering public attention to the issue. “It doesn’t get the same amount of attention as other social issues and individuals experiencing homelessness in general don’t get a lot of publicity in the media,” Brouillard said. Brouillard emphasized the homeless community in D.C. is plagued with complex issues of mental illness and violence, which need to be addressed along with economic factors. “They face a number of disadvantages and civil rights abuses,” Brouillard said. “What’s important is recognizing that it is a problem and getting the public on board with that is important.”

African American Studies Major Interest Examined alfredo obregon

Sierra Cribb (COL ’18), who declared the major this semester, said she was interested in learning more about her own identity. “I realized that my interests as an African-American woman were starting to align with learning more about what it means to be an AfricanAmerican woman and what that looks like in a place like Georgetown, a predominantly white space,” Cribb said. University President John J. DeGioia announced the creation of an African American studies department and major Feb. 4 as part of a series of commitments to address racial injustice at Georgetown. African American studies had previously been an interdisciplinary program since 2003. Patterson highlighted the importance of the African American studies department at Georgetown. “There is recognition of the importance of African American studies as an academic

discipline, being on the forefront of interdisciplinary knowledge production,” Patterson said. “Thinking about the history, the cultural and economic factors that have led to racial stratification is one example, but as important to the ways that black cultural production has been critical to advancing this conversation.” Last September, the African American studies program and the Provost’s Committee on Diversity created a petition to establish the major. Twelve sections of the “Introduction to African American Studies” course have been offered over the past seven years and have been overenrolled three times, according the university website. Though Patterson said Georgetown has lagged behind other institutions of similar prestige in fostering scholarly engagement with African-American history, society and culture, he said he

considers the creation of the major to be a sign of progress. “The earliest ethnic studies program was born in the late ’60s,” Patterson said. “Georgetown got its African American studies program in 2003. So that gives you a sense of where it is on the trajectory.” Patterson noted Georgetown’s significant progress toward greater racial justice over the past decade. “Even at this later entrance, Georgetown is making the strides to commit the resources to develop the African American studies department into a first-class institution comparable to the institutions that have had it for 30, 40 years as well,” Patterson said. Georgetown College Dean Chester Gillis said the university’s decision to confront its own history with slavery heightened the need for the academic program. DeGioia announced a series of efforts Sept. 1 to address George-

town’s profiting from the sale of 272 slaves to a Louisiana plantation in 1838, including Five undergraduates have offering descendants of the declared an African Ameri272 slaves legacy status in adcan studies major in the missions. program’s first semester, ac“The work on this major cording to African American began before the university studies Program Director Robinitiative on Slavery, Memory ert J. Patterson. and Reconciliation, but now The students are juniors takes on increased imporand seniors. tance in light of this groundAnother 20 students have breaking work at the univerdeclared a minor during the sity level inspired by President course of the semester. The DeGioia,” Gillis wrote in an minor was originally introemail to The Hoya. duced in 2005. Gillis said while he cannot The major launched this completely gauge the popufall. A minor program has larity of the major at the mobeen a part of the College ment, students’ excitement since 2003, offering a series of suggests a positive future for elective courses. the program. Students majoring in Afri“Students have demonstratcan American studies must ed interest in this major,” Gilcomplete 10 courses, includlis wrote. “How that interest ing “Introduction to African translates into students electAmerican Studies,” “Methoding to take the major remains ologies and Theoretical Issues to be seen, but I am optimistic in African American Studies” that there will be a critical and seven elective courses in mass.” the department. Patterson said multiple freshmen are on track to declare the major in their sophomore years. “There are a lot of first-year students who we’ve met and worked out a planning sheet; first-year students can’t declare the major yet, but they are on the path to declare in their sophomore year,” Patterson said. Both Patterson and Gillis said the focus of the department right now is to hire more professors to increase class offerings and attract more students. “We are hiring new professors for this department, which will increase the class offerings and this should also drive traffic to the major,” Gillis wrote. Though he did not rule out the possibility of modifying the curriculum in the future, Patterson said the department is not yet at the stage of being able to accurately evaluate the program. “We haven’t even comafrican american studies department pleted a semester with it. Five undergraduate students have declared majors in African American studies, a program that launched this fall alongside We know that, going foran African American studies department as part of multiple commitments made to address racial injustice at Georgetown. ward, we will modify the Hoya Staff Writer

curriculum to ensure that the department is providing a greater number of courses,” Patterson said. “That’s a consequence of our expanding the faculty.” Patterson said the program looks to shift the focus of historical and cultural analysis away from traditional, Eurocentric study to analysis focused exclusively on AfricanAmerican studies.

“We are hiring new professors for this department, which will increase the class offerings.” chester gillis Dean, Georgetown College

“It decenters the European ideas and values as being the norm — the aspirational values as well,” Patterson said. “We’re interested in training students in the methodologies of African-American studies, in the epistemologies of AfricanAmerican studies, and not to become docile subjects but to become active innovations and interrogators of the future of the world they live in.” Cribb also said she hopes to see current freshmen advance their interest in the program to the point of declaring a major or a minor. “I hope their interest right now will develop into a pursuit of a major or minor or further studies, because I think that Georgetown and Dr. Patterson and the department and the faculty and staff are working diligently to develop something really great,” Cribb said. “I hope people take advantage of it.”


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GUSA Delays Senate Reform Results Smoke-Free Referendum Passes RESTRUCTURING, from A1

$602.18 consisting of $25 for the inflatable Jack the Bulldog, $99.99 for the pancake breakfast, $400 for Melties, $32.19 for “I voted” stickers and $45 for candy available at polling stations across campus, according to minutes from Tuesday’s Fin/ App meeting obtained by The Hoya. GUSA senators manned polling stations the day of the referendum located in Red Square, a hallway behind Sellinger Lounge in the Leavey Center, inside the HFSC and outside of Leo’s. The university’s free speech and expression policy allows tabling only in designated areas, including public squares and certain locations outside of Lauinger Library, Henle Village, Darnall Hall and the Healey Family Student Center. To be binding, the senate referendum needed to receive support from 25 percent of the student body, or approximately 1,683 votes. GUSA President Enushe Khan (MSB ’17) said she hopes the results are released promptly, despite the Council decision. “We hope that these results come out as soon as possible. We believe that the student body ought to know how they

voted. To our knowledge they will not be released tonight due to an external group that has asked the Constitutional Council to hold these results.” “Vote No on GUSA Restructuring Campaign,” an online, student-organized group against the assembly wrote in a statement released on the decision to delay results from the petitioners who submitted the complaint. “Today, excessive ‘Vote Yes’ flyers and campaign materials were on display at nearly all GUSA polling stations. Individuals were given stickers that could be exchanged for free ice cream sandwiches at the very same polling stations that were encouraging them to vote “yes”. This was biased, this was indirect solicitation and this was unlawful campaigning,” the statement read. Ouseph said the polling stations were biased in favor of the “Vote Yes” campaign, whose members posted campaign materials on the booths. “Earlier today I was informed that the polling stations had ‘Vote Yes’ material all over it. I asked members of senate leadership if that was OK and they said because GUSA endorsed it that the GUSA polling stations were allowed to do that. They said polling stations were fine,

but they have to remain unbiased so this either means no campaign materials at all or an equal mix of vote yes and vote no,” Ouseph said. GUSA Senate Speaker Richie Mullaney (COL ’18) said he is confident the results will be released and certified soon. “We’re very confident that all the actions taken by GUSA on referendum day were in compliance with the Constitution and the bylaws. We did not break any rules,” Mullaney said. “So we’re looking forward to the Constitutional Council’s ruling and we’re looking forward to the results of this referendum being released to the public.” Students voted on two measures, a referendum on whether to make campus smoke-free and another on the plans to reform the senate, on Thursday. According to the GUSA bylaws, the council must release the results of both referenda by Sunday unless the Constitutional Council intervenes. Angelini said he was disappointed with GUSA’s handling of the electoral process. “The framing of the policy itself and the question made it inaccessible to the average voter, being that they would have to read the entirety of

two separate constitutions to even understand the complex nature of the amendment,” Angelini said. “What I saw today in the process of establishing and managing polling places was truly the most disheartening to me.” Finance and Appropriations Committee Member Ricardo Mondolfi (SFS ’19), who is also the Student Activities Commission Chair, said he does not believe any money spent by GUSA was biased toward a particular campaign. “I think there were also accusations that GUSA spent money on stuff that happened today and even if it was, it wasn’t on campaign things,” Mondolfi said. “The free stuff was provided to any student that voted regardless of how they voted.” Mondolfi said he does not believe GUSA get out the vote efforts were unconstitutional. “I do not think anything that happened today was unconstitutional,” Mondolfi said. “Most of the rules that exist regulate presidential campaigns because they have specific wording for candidates and today was a referendum. The same thing happened in 2006 because this is a referendum and it does not include candidates; it is different.”

SMOKING, from A1 outdoor areas, which must be 25 feet away from building entrances to reduce the risk of secondhand smoke. The referendum results were intended to determine how GUSA would advocate to the university on how to become a smoke-free campus. GUSA Senate Speaker Richie Mullaney (COL ’18) said GUSA will take the narrow margin of the vote into account. “GUSA’s going to take a nuanced stance and a nuanced perspective on this and make sure that any changes the university makes are not done without student input. Obviously smoking is an issue on campus that needs to be addressed, but it needs to be addressed delicately,” Mullaney said. GUSA President Enushe Khan (MSB ’18) said the result shows the role GUSA must play when discussing policy changes with the university administration. “We need to work with the university to ensure

that any necessary measures they are not currently taking into account leading up to a smoke-free campus are put in place,” Khan said. The Smoke Free Georgetown campaign argued that a smoke-free campus would clear the air of secondhand smoke for everyone on campus, including non-smokers. Opponents argued that the ban would infringe students’ civil liberties and would be practically unenforceable. Some students argued that smokers, particularly international and exchange students, could be marginalized and isolated by a sweeping tobacco ban. “Vote NO to the Smoking Ban” Campaign Leader Saad Bashir (SFS ’19), who is also a former GUSA senator, said the campaign aimed to find a compromise. “The purpose of the ‘No’ campaign isn’t to keep the status quo but engage in a conversation that can find some effective middle ground, a policy that solves the problem without attacking smokers,” Bashir said.

Student Petition Seeks Immigrant Protections PETITION, from A1 “I wish to encourage each of us to recommit ourselves to supporting one another — to working together to do all that we can to ensure that our community is a place of deep care for each person, especially those who feel most vulnerable,” DeGioia wrote. “In this moment, we remain dedicated to harnessing the resources of our university to pursue and promote the common good.” DeGioia signed a statement in support of President Obama’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program on Nov. 21. Senior Director for Strategic Communications Rachel Pugh said DeGioia

will continue to work with members of the student population to meet their needs.

“All of our students, faculty and staff are deeply valued members of this community.” RACHEL PUGH Senior Director for Strategic Communications

“In recent weeks, senior leaders including President DeGioia have met with members of our community about a range of concerns related to

our undocumented students,” Pugh wrote in an e-mail to The Hoya. “All of our students, faculty, and staff are deeply valued members of this community and we will continue to explore how we can best support and care for all members of our community.” The GU Sanctuary Movement said university employees and groups have supported some of the ideas for the measures outlined in the petition. “The administration has been very responsive,” the GU Sanctuary Movement wrote in a statement to The Hoya. “We’ve been working with them and GUSA throughout the process, including members of the Undocumented Students Task Force, CAPS staff and GUPD officers. A lot of the measures are already in progress to some

extent, and we’re looking forward to working with the administration on carrying out the rest of them.” The petition is based on a suggestion by the immigrant rights organization Cosecha Movement’s website as part of an effort to encourage universities to declare themselves sanctuary campuses. Reed College, Columbia University and Portland State University in Oregon are among a number of universities that have declared themselves sanctuary campuses since the presidential election results. Alexis Larios (COL ’18), cochair of Chicano advocacy group MEChA de Georgetown and a supporter of the petition, said the letter works to build on some of the steps the university has taken in regard

to immigrants. The Hoya reported Nov. 23 that the university appointed Arelis Palacios, currently serving as senior associate director of programming and advising for the Office of Global Education, as a part-time coordinator for undocumented students. “We recently had a petition to hire an undocumented student coordinator to help with legal issues and financial aid,” Larios said. “The letter includes things like making that from a part-time position to a fulltime position. We are building on the work we’ve already done.” According to Larios, Georgetown needs to take the lead in supporting undocumented students to be an example for other educational institutions around

the country. “Our university has taken a lot of steps so far in the right direction in terms of voicing support for marginalized students,” Larios said. “At University of San Francisco, their president went on CNN and said, ‘Yes, we are becoming a sanctuary.’ For us not to do that would be a huge question mark.” Larios said the petition was a call for Georgetown to continue in its mission to educate all students regardless of their identities. “It’s making sure that if our country can’t provide resources, our universities can do everything to make sure their students succeed, which is what education in universities is about,” Larios said.

District Passes Verizon to Overhaul GU Wi-Fi Tobacco Bill VERIZON, from A1

TOBACCO, from A1 percent of District high schoolers have used electronic cigarettes at least once and 13 percent use them regularly. The bill nevertheless encountered opposition from Councilmembers David Grosso (I-At Large), Phil Mendelson (D-Ward 4) and Anita Bonds (D-At Large), who all voted against the legislation. Grosso’s Communication Director Matt Nocella said although the councilmember supported the public health goals of discouraging tobacco use, Grosso worried this legislation would increase youth encounters with the justice system and exacerbate the school-to-prison pipeline. “Surely there must be a better way to curb youth tobacco use than to rely on our police force to stop our young people and issue citations,” Nocella wrote in an email to The Hoya. “[Grosso] believes we must work to educate our youth on the harms of smoking and put the onus on those who sell or distribute tobacco products to young people.” Henry Callander (COL ’18), who helped spearhead the campaign for a smoke-free

campus that was put to a vote in yesterday’s Georgetown University Student Association referendum, said the new age for purchasing tobacco could drastically cut nicotine addiction in the District considering 90 percent of all tobacco users start before the age of 21. “I think that limiting that age to 21 would significantly affect all college students and all people of that age group in a positive way,” Callander said. Callander also emphasized the disparity in the harm caused by tobacco use and alcohol consumption. The consumption of alcohol was already legally restrained to those 21 or older despite causing fewer annual deaths than tobacco. The World Health Organization currently estimates 6 million people globally die from tobacco use each year, compared to 2.5 million from alcohol-related harm. “Tobacco use is more harmful or, at least, on the same level as alcohol,” Callander said. “So the fact that you have to be 21 to get tobacco now, I think it makes sense completely.”

jinwoo chong/the hoya

Mayor Muriel Bowser (D) passed a package of legislation targeting tobacco use in the District this week.

will also provide the foundation for future innovation. The timing is both necessary and presents an opportunity to leverage modern, emergent technologies in a holistic campus wide manner,” Pugh wrote in an email to The Hoya. Nicholson said he does not anticipate any disruptive construction work to occur with the infrastructure overhaul other than some minor digging to upgrade underground fiber-optic cables. Verizon Enterprise Solutions Director of Corporate Communications Kevin King said Verizon is eager to work with the university in implementing an infrastructure overhaul plan that will make Georgetown a leader in innovation in education. “Verizon is excited to partner with Georgetown University on its multi-year technology upgrade plan,” King wrote in an email to the The Hoya. “Judd Nicholson and his team have an aggressive plan focused on sustainability, safety and innovation that will directly benefit the students, and put Georgetown at the forefront of educational technology.” The Hoya reported Sept. 16 that the university was planning a Wi-Fi overhaul, with four companies — AT&T Inc., Verizon Communications, CenturyLink and Windstream — vying for the contract. Talks to address various problems surrounding the university’s Wi-Fi infrastructure began in 2014, according to Nicholson. The Student Technology Advisory Board, consisting of students, staff and faculty addressing technology issues on campus, chose Verizon during the fall of 2015. Over the past year, UIS and Verizon have negotiated the terms of the contract. UIS has not publically announced Verizon’s receiving the contract. “We pulled together a group of stakeholders to look at all of those proposals,” Nicholson said. “Over a

jinwoo chong/the hoya

Following a year of contract negotiations, Verizon will partner with the university in a $27.5 million, five-year overhaul of Georgetown’s technology infrastructure. year we have gone through to structure a contract that is really representative of a relationship between Verizon and Georgetown, and it is not just transactional but a true partnership with a premier technology provider.” According to Nicholson, Verizon was chosen to complete the overhaul because of the similar goals it shares with the university on uses of technology to promote sustainability and the opportunity it provides for the university to use cutting-edge developments in technology. “It aligned with some of our long-term technology strategies so our engagement with the city, with the District on Smart Cities, the ability to leverage emerging and future technologies as well as where our values are aligned on sustainability,” Nicholson said. According to Nicholson, the Wi-Fi in all buildings on campus will be fully upgraded to provide a consistent in-

ternet experience. “Many of our buildings have infrastructure that is so old that it can’t take advantage of the new software in optimizing performance so we are going to focus on the oldest buildings and upgrading that Wi-Fi and we will work our way through every building across all the campus at Georgetown,” Nicholson said. Verizon’s partnership with Georgetown will also develop goals in line with the current White House Smart Cities Initiative, which aims to use technology to reduce poverty, traffic congestion, crime and other societal issues. Nicholson said in three years, the partnership with Verizon will also revamp the university’s cybersecurity measures. Verizon will also provide the university with cybersecurity advice and guidance. The Hoya reported April 8 that a university Wi-Fi outage

March 31 was the result of a cyber attack. “We are going to be able to leverage Verizon’s expertise in what is called a security operations center,” Nicholson said. “We will get the advantage of any new technology they may introduce to mitigate things like denial of service or to mitigate hacking issues.” STAB Chair Yafet Negash (COL ’19) said the board supports the new partnership and its goals of creating a robust technology infrastructure for the future. “On the new network initiative, STAB’s main contribution was to highlight the current infrastructure’s shortcomings from the student body’s perspective,” Negash wrote in an email to The Hoya. “We are pleased that the University has finally recognized the importance of a secure, reliable, and robust network solution, and excited that it has invested accordingly.”


A8

NEWS

THE HOYA

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 2, 2016

BEN GOODMAN/THE HOYA

The Hoya Town Hall, which took place Wednesday and was co-sponsored by the Georgetown University Student Association, Black Leadership Forum, Latinx Leadership Forum, the Division of Student Affairs and the Office of the Provost, featured students calling for more discussions on race and identity.

Town Hall Calls for Increased Racial Inclusivity

BEN GOODMAN Hoya Staff Writer

The university should increase discussions on race and identity to create a more inclusive campus for minority students, according to students who participated in the Hoya Identity Town Hall on Wednesday. The town hall, co-sponsored by the Georgetown University Student Association, Black Leadership Forum, Latinx Leadership Forum, the Division of Student Affairs and the Office of the Provost, provided a space for engagement and discussion about nationally pressing issues following President-elect Donald Trump’s victory. About four more town halls will be scheduled for the spring semester. Black House Resident Director Shola Powell (COL ’17), who is also a member of the Black Leadership Forum, said the town hall is the first in what she hopes will be an ongoing series of discussions on identity. “Earlier in the semester, we were talking about how there are not enough spaces on campus to talk between staff, faculty and students about what they experience that influences their day-to-day living, and we came up with the idea of a town hall series, and each year

we would change the identity we focused on,” Powell said. “This year, it was going to be race.” The recommendations from each town hall event, which all took place in the Healey Family Student Center, will be presented to University President John J. DeGioia, according to Powell.

“After election night, the campus was very sad and quiet. There was a visible toll and response.” SHOLA POWELL (COL ’17) Resident Director, Black House

Powell ssaid the focus of this first town hall shifted slightly after Trump won the election. “After election night, the campus was very sad and quiet. There was a visible toll and response to how distraught people were about the future with a President Trump,” Powell said.

Sociology professor Michael Dyson, who spoke at the town hall, said students should engage in activism following the election. “The first thing you can do as serious activists is go to class. Know what you are talking about. The classroom is an engaged space of enlightenment, exchange of ideas and contestation of worldviews,” Dyson said. “You have to be deeply and profoundly ensconced in a tradition of enlightenment, where people are grappling with ideas.” Dyson said the most important initiative going forward on campus is bridging the gap between theory and action. “The distance between theory and practice means you’ve got to try to apply that stuff right at the center at a place like Georgetown,” Dyson said. “What I love about what you all do here at Georgetown is to make certain that we are trying to involve ourselves in the very processes that we think are intellectually defensible.” Organizers passed around microphones for an open discussion to attendees seated at about a dozen tables after Dyson’s talk. Nada Eldaief (SFS ’18), who attended the panel, said a professor’s remark during a class after the election made her uncomfortable in a class. Eldaief

did not disclose the class. “We were talking about the election in a class and one of my professors turned to one of the students, who is a black Muslim female, and said, ‘I don’t understand your people’s fear.’ I was very taken aback by that and a little bit hurt,” Eldaief said. “Obviously political beliefs differ, and that is what makes Georgetown so special, but no one is asking you to understand someone else’s fear.” LGBTQ Resource Center Assistant Director Julian Haas, who is also member of the Bias Reporting Team, said students should report any instances of harassment and bigotry to university personnel through the bias reporting system. “Regardless of how you feel about the system, this institution can and will respond when things are reported, so please, please use that system, whether it’s about a peer, faculty, or staff member, or someone unaffiliated with the university,” Haas said. “If you don’t submit them, we do not have official record of what happens.” GUSA Chief of Staff Ari Goldstein (COL ’18), who attended the town hall, said the event reaffirmed his commitment to engage in uncomfortable

discussions and learn how to help marginalized groups on campus. “The way we’ve been addressing issues of diversity and inclusion is inviting people to feel a personal connection to it, which in some ways is really effective. However, I think it has papered over some nuances in the experiences of different marginalized groups on campus,” Goldstein said. “My epiphany this semester has been that students of color and black students particularly experience marginalization in such a deep way that I will never be able to understand.” GUSA President Enushe Khan (MSB ’17) said platforms for dialogue like the identity town hall are essential given that Georgetown, although largely accepting and inclusive, has faced an uptick in bias-related incidents after the election. Two bias-related attacks against students were reported in the week following Trump’s victory. “Institutionally, the university has been very mindful of the election and its impact and have been willing to work with the students, meet with them and discuss,” Khan said.

“However, when you look at what is happening day to day, with microaggressions, that’s where I think the focus needs to be.” According to Goldstein, there needs to be a balance between achieving the maximum community engagement and not trivializing nuances between different privileges or claiming superficial knowledge of someone else’s struggle. “When we talk about creating a culture on campus truly inclusive of the black community, that has to be so much more than just being able to ‘think about diversity’ and ‘respect differences.’ It is about actually changing structures and tackling the issues headon,” Goldstein said. Kumail Aslam (COL ’17), who spoke during the discussion section, added that effective allyship is a twoway street. “The Muslim community needs allies, but we also need to be allies to other people,” Aslam said. “This is a time where we are very scared and this is a lot of fear in our communities, but I think if we work together, we can definitely fight back against that.”

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*Courses and dates are subject to change and cancellation. For the most up-to-date information visit our website. Georgetown Summer Sessions are administered through the School of Continuing Studies.


NEWS

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 2, 2016

THE HOYA

A7

Funding Concerns Voiced GUTS Pilots Saturday Routes ALFREDO CARRILLO OBREGON Hoya Staff Writer

Georgetown professors expressed concerns over federal funding for environmental research with the incoming Presidentelect Donald Trump’s administration. Trump made multiple comments disputing climate change during his campaign. His selection of Myron Ebell, who denies climate change, to lead his transition team for the Environmental Protection Agency has also raised concerns. Environmental advocacy group Students for Climate Security led a march against Ebell’s leading the transition team from Red Square to Ebell’s office on L Street on Nov. 18. Throughout his campaign, Trump has blamed China for making up the theory of climate change as a hoax and pushed to save the coal industry. Biology professor Gina Wimp’s research on the genetic and environmental factors that affect biodiversity depends heavily on federal funding. Wimp said she is concerned about her funding in light of Trump’s campaign messages. “Honestly, I feel uncertainty because I really don’t know what Trump is going to do. I feel that I can’t really get a read on it,” Wimp said. “But, the indication I have so far is that he doesn’t seem to really value a lot of scientific research.” Wimp said if federal funding were to be curtailed, she would not be able to cover the costs of her research. Even with the help of private grants and resources procured by the university, she would have to cut essential aspects of her research. “That would basically take away my ability to use any sort of molecular analysis in my research, so it would really limit the scope of my research,” Wimp said. “I would have to simply work with things that I can financially afford.” Biology professor Edward Barrows, who previously served as director of the university’s Center for the Environment, said federal funding for scientific research has been in decline for several years already. Barrows said he is concerned that the incoming administration will further reduce al-

ready limited resources. “Funding is already very limited, and the new administration could make it even more limited,” Barrows wrote in an email to THE HOYA. “This would affect that research effort at GU and elsewhere. From the standpoint of GU science students, there could be fewer resources for their research projects. This is worrisome in this era of science and technology.” Georgetown University Medical Center’s Dean of Research Robert Clarke said cuts in federal funding have already hurt researchers in the past and that future cuts could have negative repercussions.

“Honestly, I feel uncertainty because I really don’t know what Trump is going to do.” GINA WIMP Biology Professor, Georgetown

“Cuts in federal funding for research hurt all of us by slowing and even stalling critical research,” Clarke said. “We have serious issues right now with an aging Baby Boomer population that will experience the silver tsunami of disorders including Alzheimer’s and cancer. We can’t afford to go backwards.” School of Foreign Service Science, Technology and International Affairs Program Director Mark Giordano said that while Georgetown supports scholars by covering relatively low-cost expenses, it cannot provide higher-end items for research. “Georgetown in general and the School of Foreign Service in particular has many programs to help support faculty with smaller budget items such as travel and conferences. There is no way it can support the bigticket items,” Giordano said. Clarke said some of Georgetown’s funding initiatives are designed to help scholars obtain the federal resources necessary for professors to complete their projects. “At the medical center, we have a number of community philanthropists called ‘Partners in Research’ who provide seed funding for the exploration of early scientific

ideas,” Clarke wrote in an email to THE HOYA. “These are critical dollars for researchers to generate data that then helps to apply for larger grants.” Associate Vice President of Federal Relations Scott Fleming said despite the likelihood of Trump’s administration cutting research funding, the role of multiple government branches and departments in the budget process makes the final outcome unclear. “President-elect Trump and his team will put together a budget proposal for 2018, and we will once again begin the annual appropriations process,” Fleming said. “When it comes to this budget process, there are a lot of people involved, it is not simply the administration.” Fleming said the 21st Century Cures Act, which was passed by the House of Representatives yesterday, provides a mechanism for continued funding in the area of health care that is independent from the fiscal budget. The act will fund public health programs, new cancer treatments and new treatments to combat the opioid epidemic. “It is a broadly supported bill. And it would, this money would be there and it would be in this separate account,” Fleming said. “Given the fact that it’s set up in this way and it’s already paid for. It is, to an extent, isolated from the overall budget, because the money is there for that and nothing else.” Fleming said the university will continue working to ensure that funding reaches scholars in Georgetown no matter the budget. “With proposals for increases in defense spending and for tax cuts, it is hard to see how the budget is going to play out over the next couple of years,” Fleming said. “I am by nature an optimist, but I am also a realist, so I see the challenges that lie ahead.” Giordano said while predictions may not be optimistic, it is best to exercise caution when considering the future of research funding under the Trump administration. “While the signs for research funding are not good, you have to think carefully about predictions,” Giordano said. “The country doesn’t always get what it voted for and sometimes that is good.”

GUSA Supports Ohio State JEFF CIRILLO

Hoya Staff Writer

The Georgetown University Student Association senate voted unanimously Monday evening to pass a resolution expressing solidarity with the Ohio State University following a car and knife attack that injured 11 students Monday. The resolution also called on the university to increase awareness of the university’s public safety efforts and for students to take advantage of university self-defense courses. “Countless members of the Georgetown University community have been affected by the events that occurred at the Ohio State University,” the resolution reads. “The Georgetown University Student Association Senate stands in solidarity with the Ohio State University community in offering its condolences and support to those affected in this senseless attack.” The resolution said universities are responsible for protecting their communities from the threat of violence. “Georgetown University and other institutions of higher learning have committed themselves to creating safe environments for academic exploration,” the resolution reads. “Incidents of violence on college campuses represent a clear and distinct threat to all students at institutions of higher learning.” The resolution encouraged the university administration and the Georgetown University Police

Department “to spread awareness of the safety plans set in place to maintain the security of the student body.” GUPD Chief of Police Jay Gruber said he is supportive of the senate’s resolution and that the university has extensive plans for active shooter and attack situations.

“We wanted to send our condolences and support to Ohio State students as well as promote training.” RICHIE MULLANEY (COL ’18) Senate Speaker, GUSA

“We continually plan and exercise for these types of situations and work very closely with MPD on response elements,” Gruber said. “We have been following the Ohio State incident very closely, and, at this time, we don’t have any plans to change how we would handle a similar event.” GUSA Senate Speaker Richie Mullaney (COL ’18) said the resolution was an expression of support and a call to action. “We wanted to send our condolences and support to Ohio State students as well as promote training programs like ‘run, hide, fight’ to raise awareness

of what to do in case of an emergency at Georgetown,” Mullaney said. GUSA Senator Ben Baldwin (SFS ’19), who introduced the resolution, said he was personally affected by the violent incident at OSU. “Having gone to public school in Ohio, I know a countless number of people that attend OSU, one of whom is my older brother,” Baldwin wrote in an email to THE HOYA. “He was only three buildings away from the location of the attack and was forced to remain locked down in his classroom until the all clear signal was given.” The attacker, an OSU student named Abdul Razak Ali Artan, struck victims with his car before jumping out and continuing the attack with a knife. Artan was later shot and killed by OSU police officer Alan Horujko after failing to obey orders. Baldwin said the bill would send a message of support in line with Jesuit values. “I offered this resolution as a sign of support and solidarity to another campus, out of my own personal attachment to the situation and the knowledge that countless Hoyas, too, were affected by the events of the 28th,” Baldwin said. “I think it sends a strong message of being men and women for others when our student government is able to act and extend a hand of support when another campus is faced with an unimaginable threat.”

New program launches weekend services TALA AL-RAJAL Hoya Staff Writer

Georgetown University Transportation Services plans to pilot more frequent Saturday services for spring 2017, pending final approval Dec. 6. A joint effort with Georgetown University Student Association, the spring pilot service would implement a more frequent Saturday service to Dupont Circle from noon to 7 p.m., running in 20-minute intervals. The Dupont route will also stop at the Trader Joe’s on M Street. A second Saturday shuttle will also run every 15 minutes and transport students to Safeway on Wisconsin Avenue from noon to 3 p.m. The GUTS pilot program will be funded by reallocating $36,000 currently dedicated to a late-night shuttle from Adams Morgan that runs between 10 p.m. and 3 a.m. on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays. This service is being cancelled due to the lack of ridership in the Adams Morgan service. It is estimated that only 50 students per week use the Adams Morgan shuttle over its three days of service. Currently, GUTS offers a weekend shuttle on Saturdays to Dupont Circle that runs every 80 minutes and another shuttle to Rosslyn that also runs every 80 minutes. Planning and Facilities Management Vice President Robin Morey said the GUTS pilot program would improve access to the District on weekends for students. “The objective is to provide greater connectivity on weekends within the existing resource level,” Morey said. “The goals are to provide improved services. Success will be demonstrated by increased ridership and client feedback.” The GUSA Master Planning Committee proposed expanded weekend services after the 2016 survey on transportation indicated that 86 percent of undergraduate students expressed interest in extended weekend bus services. According to GUSA Master Planning Chair Zac Schroepfer (MSB ’19), expanded weekend shuttle services will ensure access to the District for students from all socioeconomic backgrounds. “Georgetown proclaims itself to be a university that’s in the capital, at the heart of the nation’s capital. But unfortunately, as many students know,

FILE PHOTO: DANIEL SMITH/THE HOYA

The Georgetown University Transportation System plans to run increased Saturday services in spring 2017. it’s very hard to access the actual city of Washington, D.C.,” Schroepfer said. “We’re really aiming to bridge that divide and shrink any socioeconomic gap by allowing all students to have the same access to the benefits of Washington, D.C.” Schroepfer said the pilot program also aims to improve food accessibility for students. “We’re also looking to increase food accessibility, ensuring that students have easy access to both Safeway and Trader Joe’s, which are both pretty accessible and affordable options for students to be able to access food that they can then cook for themselves on campus,” Schroepfer said. GUSA Chief of Staff Ari Goldstein (SFS ’18) said the current GUTS weekend service proved inadequate compared to the ease of other methods of transportation. “A couple years ago they added what they’re calling weekend service, but it’s really, really inadequate. It’s just on Saturdays, it’s just during the academic year and there is one bus with a wait time of 80 minutes, which is ridiculous,” Goldstein said. “It makes more sense to Uber or take a city bus and we’ve heard from a lot of students that that’s a pain, that it’s a socioeconomic inclusivity issue.” The weekend pilot service joins GUSA’s other initiatives to improve on campus transportation for students. The success of Turkey Shuttles, which were GUTS shuttles to Reagan National and Dulles

airports for students flying home for Thanksgiving, led Office of Transportation and Management to introduce a Holiday Shuttle program for the end of the semester. The program will provide free transportation to and from Reagan and Dulles at peak travel times for winter break. According to Schroepfer, GUSA is looking to expand weekend transportation options beyond the GUTS weekend pilot service and is currently in conversation with the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority to provide students with discounted weekend passes on the Metro’s bus and Metro services. The passes would be incorporated into student tuition. Schroepfer, who will serve as one of GUSA’s representatives in its discussions with the WMATA Board of Directors, said he was optimistic about the Metro project. “While this pass is in its fledgling state, we are excited to see where further cooperation with WMATA and the District government can take us,” Schroepfer said. Goldstein said the expanded GUTS weekend service would set a precedent for future longterm solutions. “If the spring pilot is successful and we see that a lot of students are riding the pilot for spring, then it’ll be very clear proof to the Office of Transportation Management and to the board that this is something to be funded long term,” Goldstein said.


news

Friday, December 2, 2016

THE HOYA

A9

Alumnus Develops New Social Networking Travel App WAYPOINT, from A10

helped him to develop the app. “It was one of my favorite courses and has gotten me interested in programming ever since,” Summe said. “I think Georgetown did a great job of allowing students to pursue their passions, but also kept them exposed to other areas of study.” Dylan Orshefsky (COL ’17), a computer science major at Georgetown, said the app would be useful if enough people joined it, but that a potential weakness could be building the initial user base.

“A lot of mobile apps like this, where the focus is not so much on selling you the app itself … the test of whether or not it’s going to take off is: Can it get a baseline level of users to the point where it’s no longer sort of having to push the app on you, but it’s all of your friends are using it, so you want to get in on it?” Orshefsky said. However, Orshefsky thought that the app could be useful even if your circle of friends was not interested in it. “I’d love to be able to make notes on my GPS,” Orshefsky said. “Google Maps has some features for that, but

they aren’t particularly robust; they don’t do much. So I think it’s a good idea, and it’s a question of whether or not as a social sort of tool it was able to catch on.” Maddie Kaye (COL ’17) said that Waypoint could have been useful to her when she studied abroad at the Georgetown University Villa Le Balze last year in Italy. “I had a friend who was at the villa the year before me and she gave me a list of all of her recommendations and I found that really helpful,” Kaye said. “It definitely would have been great to just look it up on my phone.”

Kaye had some reservations about the usefulness of the app’s social networking feature. “Most of my friends aren’t that well-traveled, and I wasn’t at all before going,” Kaye said. “I think it would probably have been helpful among our own group of people abroad, but not that much that I could have gotten out of it ahead of time.” Summe said he hoped that people were able to find Waypoint valuable in their travels and use it in place of other media. “No more scribbling notes on folded maps,” Summe said.

WAYPOINT

Alumnus Ryan Summe (COL ’10) launched a new app that allows users to share reviews with their friends.

Professor Comments on Zika Status Free Markets Needed in Space ZIKA, from A10

THINKTECH, from A10

In the 1960s, the American people closely followed the advancements that NASA made. Each Apollo mission launch was met with anticipation, and many people distinctly remember where they were and who they were with when they heard of the missions’ successes and failures. Today, however, the race to explore space has taken a very different form.

Space travel truly represents an entirely untapped market that has virtually endless potential. While the Soviet and American governments loudly paved the way to explore space, today, private companies are quietly making advancements to control the commercial “space market.” Much of the contemporary innovation and advancement of space travel have largely gone unnoticed by the public. When space travel and exploration are examined from an industry perspective, two companies control roughly 90 percent of the market. In other words, SpaceX and Arianspace essentially have positioned themselves to have approximately the same level of influence in the industry that Standard Oil had in the 19th century. Much like the oil barons in America, SpaceX and Arianspace are currently

positioned to monopolize the commercial space industry as it comes to maturity. Although commercial space travel has not yet come to fruition, it is no less concerning to see such a large potential market dominated by two monopolistic players. Competition in any industry spurs innovation and lowers prices for consumers. Conversely, the absence of competition allows lesser products and services to enjoy higher prices. If space travel is accepted as an infant industry, having only two competing firms control 90 percent of the market is not in consumers’ best interests. Space has long been dubbed the “final frontier” in terms of exploration, but it can also be viewed as the final economic frontier. Space travel truly represents an entirely untapped market that has virtually endless potential. Currently, however, this market is only being pursued by two companies. As science and technology allow commercial space travel to be a reality, the monopolistic structure of this industry will undoubtedly be called into question. As humanity inches closer to achieving Hollywood’s illustrious depiction of space travel, the economic structure of this industry cannot be ignored. If commercial space travel is to be a reality, consumers ought to demand a more competitive market structure that will push innovation further, faster. If not, space may remain an untapped frontier.

Bianca DiSanto is a senior in the McDonough School of Business. This is the final appearance of Think Tech.

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Disease Control and Prevention, Zika also appears strongly linked to GuillainBarre Syndrome, which is a severe nervous system disorder — although most individuals with Zika never contract GBS.

“We already have a good model for vaccines for Zika.” LAWRENCE GOSTIN Professor, Global Heath Law

Most commonly if, mosquitos transmit Zika to people. According to the Center for Disease Control, if the person infected is a pregnant woman, she can pass the virus to the fetus, causing severe birth defects. In addition, Zika can be transmitted sexually. Despite being a substantially larger threat, Gostin said Zika received much less media attention than the Ebola virus did in 2014. According to Gostin, Ebola caused the greater frenzy because it caused a more dramatic, gruesome death and, for a brief period, it looked to be spreading more to the United States. “The American media really only paid attention

CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION

Professor Lawrence Gostin urged the World Health Organization to devote more attention to the Zika virus and fund development of a vaccine as soon as possible. to Ebola when it was on our shores and we had a few isolated cases and then they way overreacted to it,” Gostin said. Despite the lack of American panic, Gostin argues the United States should be doing more to prevent Zika worldwide. “We have a moral responsibility as the most powerful nation in the Americas to be a leader and to care about, in the Jesuit tradition, all the suffering that is going on in the Latin American world,” Gostin said. According to The New

York Times, a number of companies and government organizations are working frantically to develop a Zika vaccine. Experts suggest there should be a functioning vaccine by 2018. “I think it’s very realistic. And the reason is that unlike Ebola or AIDS, we already have a good model for vaccines for Zika because Zika is somewhat similar to dengue fever and it’s also transmitted by mosquitoes and malaria, things like that, and we already have vaccine models for those,” Gostin said.

Ben Johnson (NHS ’17), a GERMS crew chief, has had to think about Zika more as a result of his prominent health position on campus. “It’s something that we’re looking for and we potentially have a larger chance of running into in the field,” Johnson said. “One of our stock questions, whenever we see someone with flu-like symptoms we ask about recent travel history. That used to be, we were thinking about Ebola and now we ask the same question but we’re kind of thinking about Zika more.”

Pizzeria Serves Up Custom Dishes PIZZA, from A10

are pre-chosen toppings rather than customized — cost $9.32, on par with the majority of other casual area eateries. According to &pizza Communications Director Sam Blum, &pizza stands out for the unique experience it provides. “It’s really what we consider a unique and curated experience. Everything from of course the pizzas on our menu but it goes deeper than that,” Blum said. Blum said that the Georgetown restaurant’s decoration, featuring floorto-ceiling windows, modern furniture and murals on the walls, is meant to evoke the area’s character. “Our Georgetown shop is designed to actually reflect the neighborhood and the history of Georgetown,” Blum said. According to Jayson Harmon, training coordinator for &pizza, the Georgetown community has received the new restaurant positively so far. “We’ve actually had a really warm welcome,” Harmon said. “The neighborhood seems to love us — even the other restaurants. And the students of course, clearly they just want pizza. So it’s been going well.” Harmon, who started working for &pizza two and a half years ago, is a self-proclaimed member of “the tribe,” an affectionate name for &pizza’s dedicated base of employees. He is one of around 80 tribe members to have gotten a tattoo of the company’s iconic ampersand logo, proudly wearing the symbol on his wrist. Like Blum, Harmon emphasized the importance of experience at &pizza. “We accept anybody,” Harmon said. “So I believe it’s kind of apparent when

you walk in you see a lot of smiles you see a lot of different people. It just seems like a place where you can be comfortable.” Blum also emphasized &pizza’s commitment to serving the communities where they operate by supporting causes that are important to its customers. “We’ve supported more than a thousand local causes, organizations and nonprofits over the last four years and so we’re eager to get involved with as many of those sort of causes in Georgetown as we can,” Blum said. Harmon echoed this sentiment, saying he hopes Georgetown students will

reach out with things that interest them. “I say it all the time to new people like, we’re pretty cool and we want people to know that we’re actually cool,” he said. “Anytime there’s like a new idea or some new creative thing we’d love to be a part of it.” Ganzorig Batbold (COL ’19) enjoys &pizza and claims the Maverick — a tomato pizza with parmesan and mozzarella cheeses topped with pesto, pepperoni, Italian sausage and salami — is his favorite menu item. He said that the employees at the Georgetown location are passionate about their work.

“The employees are always so energetic and enthusiastic that you feel they care about the pizza they’re making,” Batbold said. Allie Williams (SFS ’19) said she appreciated the convenience of the new &pizza location as well as the quality of many aspects of its service. “I am a huge fan of &pizza and have been a frequent customer at the other locations in the area and am so excited that one has opened so close to campus,” Williams said. “I love the quality of the food, the friendly staff and the variety of options offered.”

COURTESY &PIZZA

Pizza restaurant chain &pizza opened its newest branch in Georgetown on Wisconsin Avenue, giving its first 119 customers free pizzas on its first day.


Business & Tech FRIDAY, december 2, 2016

Downgraded Zika Status Raises Concerns business bits

MSB Initiative Director Predicts Brexit Will Remain James Moore, managing director of the Business, Society, and Public Policy Initiative at the McDonough School of Business, predicted the United Kingdom’s Parliament will not counteract Brexit in a commentary published by Fortune last week. Despite a ruling last month by the British Supreme Court requiring parliamentary approval for Brexit to be carried out and a recent statement from the court’s deputy president that the secession will require massive revisions in EU legislation, Moore writes that Brexit’s inevitability persists. “While some have cheered the decision as a silver bullet for Brexit, this will not change the course that [U.K. Prime Minister Theresa] May has charted for the Brexit process whatsoever.” A government appeal to the ruling has been set for Dec. 6 as May continues to “keep her negotiating cards close to the vest,” as Moore writes, as the EU continues to hold its breath, and as the British pound continues to fall.

Boobypacks and Bombas Socks, Hoyas Meet ‘Shark Tank’ Last month, Georgetown Business, the alumni magazine of the McDonough School of Business, published a feature on Georgetown graduates who appeared on the primetime CNBC show “Shark Tank,” where budding entrepreneurs present their products to win the backing of industry leaders, or “sharks,” in front of 7 million viewers. Christina Bernstein (COL ’11), who promoted her product the Boobypack, a fashionable sports bra with pockets, said there were as many sales in the month after her appearance as there were in the prior year of operation. Similarly, Randy Goldberg (MSB ’00), co-founder and chief brand officer of Bombas Socks, which donates a pair of socks to homeless shelters for every pair sold, said “Shark Tank” dramatically improved his profitability: “When we aired in September 2014, we had done $600,000 in sales. Since then, we have done over $10 million in sales.”

Gracie Hochberg Hoya Staff Writer

Georgetown professor of global health law Lawrence Gostin is concerned about the World Health Organization’s Nov. 17 decision to formally lift Zika’s emergency status, arguing the move decreases the prospects of funding to fight and cure Zika, and downgrades public concern when certain populations are still at serious risk of becoming infected. In an op-ed for the health- and medicine-focused STAT News organization, Gostin wrote that ending emergency status will negatively and tangibly affect the global aid directed at preventing and curing Zika by decreasing the urgency of the issue.

“Canceling the emergency lets uninformed politicians say, ‘It’s no longer an emergency.’” LAWRENCE GOSTIN Professor, Global Health Law

“Canceling the emergency lets uninformed politicians say, ‘It’s no longer an emergency. Let’s devote the funds to other priorities.’ That’s a likely scenario for the incoming Trump administration, which has shown its antipathy, if not hostility, to global and Unit-

Centers for disease control and prevention

Georgetown professor of global health Lawrence Gostin argues that the World Health Organization’s updated nonemergency status for Zika is not the proper direction for human health promotion. ed Nations institutions,” Gostin wrote. Gostin said in an interview with The Hoya that the development is concerning because South and Latin American countries are currently entering a time of aggressive seasonal risk. “We’re now coming into the summer months of peak mosquito Zika months in Latin America, South Asia, Africa, many of the poor countries of the world, so this is the least

opportune moment to call off an emergency and send a signal that all is well,” Gostin said. However, Dr. Peter Salama, the executive director of the WHO’s Health Emergencies Programme, emphasized in an interview with the New York Times on Nov. 18 that the lifting of emergency status does not mean the disease is unimportant. “We are not downgrading the importance of Zika, we are sending the message that Zika is here

Bianca DiSanto

GRACE LOBO/THE HOYA

The restaurant chain &pizza opened its 19th location on Wisconsin Avenue in Georgetown last week, offering a new dining option to members of the Georgetown community seeking custom dishes.

Hoya Staff Writer

Last week, Georgetown alumnus Ryan Summe (COL ’10) launched Waypoint, an app that helps users organize and share their favorite places with their friends. Summe’s idea for the app originated from problems he encountered frequently when he travelled and could not find a way to organize and share his favorite places with his own notes and pictures. “In Google Maps you can star a place, but then you have stars littering your map all the time, you can’t add your own details or share them,” Summe said. “Then I started bookmarking things in Yelp, but came across similar issues.” According to Summe, the most appealing aspect of the app is that it fulfills a need other companies have overlooked. “I would love to be the app that people think of when they are in an awesome venue,” Summe said. “I’d also like to be the app

Monopoly On Space Vacations

Georgetown Welcomes &pizza A

Grace Lobo

Special to The Hoya

The restaurant &pizza opened its newest location on Wisconsin Avenue in Georgetown last week as the latest addition to the neighborhood’s fast-casual dining scene with a unique approach to its classic namesake dish. The new pizzeria marks the 19th installment of the D.C.based custom pizza chain, which owns restaurants throughout the District, Virginia and Maryland with one in Pennsylvania and a new location coming soon to

New York. Students and neighbors alike flocked to the Nov. 19 official opening, which offered free pizza to the first 119 guests in line, an homage to its opening date, as well as other giveaways. With the closing of Five Guys Burgers and Fries earlier this year, &pizza fills its gap as a new fast-casual and late-night option. Open until 2 a.m. on Friday and Saturday nights, &pizza is one of only a handful of restaurants in the Georgetown area open after midnight, which include Epicurean and Company and Domino’s

Pizza. Following the increasingly popular assembly-line restaurant model, &pizza gives customers the option to select from a variety of menu favorites or to create their own customized pizza based on a wide variety of sauces, cheeses, proteins, vegetables and other fresh toppings. The restaurant also caters to guests with dietary restrictions, offering vegan and gluten-free twists on traditional favorites. All items on “the hits” menu — that

See PIZZA, A9

Alum Founds Community-Based Travel App Sarah Fisher

See ZIKA, A9

THINK TECH

MBA Alum on Cutting Edge of Health care Innovation Co-founder and CEO of 1healthy. world Seth Halpern (MBA ’15) was featured in the article “5 MBA Entrepreneurs Innovating in Healthcare Technology” on BusinessBecause, a social network and publication for the business school world. Halpern, who was formerly CFO of NationalField, a social software provider with clients including President Barack Obama’s presidential campaigns and the AFLCIO, launched 1healthy.world shortly after graduating Georgetown. The digital startup’s mission statement reads, “We envision a future where artificial intelligence and mobile messaging transforms patient self-service both here at home and in partnership with NGOs around the world.” 1healthy.world is currently building the first AI-powered receptionist, which promises to enhance patient experience and reduce costs. According to 1healthy.world, the revolutionary digital receptionist will allow physicians to handle up to 200 additional patients per year at 15 percent reduced front-office labor expenses.

to stay and the WHO response is here to stay,” Salama told the Times. The disease, though it most famously causes microcephaly in infants — small heads and underdeveloped brains — actually tends to be fairly mild for adults. In most cases, those infected have few or no symptoms, lasting only up to a week. According to the Centers for

that people refer to when helping friends out with recommendations in new cities.” While the app is currently free on the Apple’s app store, Summe has plans to monetize it after he builds a large user base and brand by working with outside services that might users might find useful. “I could monetize through inapp suggestions for users based on their Waypoints and eventually integrate with itinerary services to help users book trips based on Waypoints they discover in the app,” Summe said. Summe also said workers in the hospitality industry might find his app useful. “I also think hotels and concierge services could find value in it by creating verified lists of nearby places that guests can easily explore in the app.” According to Summe, his experience at Georgetown, where he took a computer science course, See WAYPOINT, A9

waypoint

Waypoint, a new social networking travel app founded by alumnus Ryan Summe (COL ’10), launched on Apple’s app store last week.

nyone who enjoys science fiction novels and movies has most likely fantasized about the possibility of space travel. While most people’s images of space travel have largely been inspired by franchises like “Star Trek” and “Star Wars,” companies like SpaceX and Arianspace are working to make commercial space travel a reality. While space travel has always been a fascination for humanity, it was not until the space race in the 1960s that humankind began to make meaningful advances toward space exploration. At the time, the Soviet Union and the United Sates went head to head in the race to explore what was beyond Earth and ultimately put a man on the moon.

What is important to notice about the space race is that it was completely driven and subsidized by national governments. Although this race was inextricably linked to the Cold War and the ideological divide between capitalism and communism, this competition led to the advent of breakthrough technology and scientific discovery that first allowed space exploration to become a tangible reality. What is important to notice about the space race is that it was completely driven and subsidized by national governments. In other words, it was a matter of national pride, rather than monetary profit, that lead to Neil Armstrong’s giant leap for mankind. See THINKTECH, A9

The Hoya: December 2, 2016  
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