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Georgetown University • Washington, D.C. Vol. 101, No. 10, © 2019


The Sustainability Issue

Dive into the inner workings of sustainability within art and culture on campus and across the globe.

EDITORIAL Georgetown University should increase transparency in facilities funding.

E-Cigs Under Threat ANC 2E passed a bill advocating banning flavored electonic smoking devices.



Recent Graduate, 22, Dies In Rock Climbing Accident MEREDITH MILLER Hoya Staff Writer

Michelle Xue (MSB ’19), 22, died from injuries sustained in a falling accident while rock climbing on Red Slate Mountain in Mono County, Calif., on Oct. 29. Xue, who was originally from the San Francisco Bay Area, graduated this year from the McDonough School of Business with a major in operations information management and a minor in economics. She began her career as an acquisitions analyst with RealTerm in Los Angeles this September. Xue was a member of the Global Business Fellows and served on the board of the Georgetown University Public Real Estate Fund Xue was also safety captain for the club rock climbing team, according to a university statement. She was a skilled athlete and a warm presence on the club rock climbing team, according to the team’s treasurer Ben Falley (COL ’21). “Michelle was an accomplished climber and good friend to many of us on the team,” Falley wrote in an email to The Hoya. “She always brought dedication and a sense of adventure to the sport which was both admirable and an inspiration. She will be dearly missed.” MSB professor Dennis Quinn taught Xue in a busi-


The voting portal, organized by GU Votes in conjunction with the Andrew Goodman Foundation, was announced Nov. 4 as part of an initiative to make voting more accessible to university students.

GU Votes Launches Online Voting Portal in MyAccess GRACE BUONO Hoya Staff Writer


Michelle Xue, an avid rock climber and member of Georgetown’s Buddhist community, was remembered by peers for her warmth. ness-government class during her sophomore year. Xue had a strong sense of courage, humor and compassion for everyone around her, according to Quinn. “She actually sort of warmed up a room,” Quinn said in an interview with The Hoya. “She warmed up the people around

her. She brought a lot of laughter and spontaneity. She had a rare skill — academically very gifted, very courageous, but very sensitive to the feelings and expectations of others.” Xue was also closely connected with the Georgetown’s See OBITUARY, A6

Students can now register to vote in federal, state and local elections, request an absentee ballot and find other electionrelated material through a voter portal on MyAccess, according to a Nov. 4 announcement by GU Votes. GU Votes, a student-run group that works to promote voting at the university, collaborated with the Georgetown University Institute of Politics and Public Service, the Office of Federal Relations and the university registrar to implement the online portal ahead of the 2020 presidential elec-

Diversify Church Leaders, Panel Says

tion and local fall 2019 elections. Though the service was announced Nov. 4, the portal officially went live Oct. 29. The integration of the portal into MyAccess provides a convenient way for students to engage in their civic duty, according to Andrew Straky (COL ’20), co-president of GU Votes. “Now, registering to vote or requesting an absentee ballot can be just as easy as updating your telephone number or registering for classes,” Straky said in an interview with The Hoya. Since January 2018, GU Votes has worked closely with the Andrew Goodman Foundation, a national group that aims to increase student voting across

the country, to make the initiative possible at Georgetown, according to GU Votes. The foundation was responsible for developing the new online platform, which includes multiple resources to increase students’ participation in the electoral process, according to Karena Cronin, program director at the Andrew Goodman Foundation. The portal gives students access to information on election deadlines, candidate platforms and how to navigate the absentee voting process, according to Cronin. “We are thrilled to see See VOTING, A6


Speakers call for inclusion of lay voices amid sexual abuse crisis CAROLINE HECHT Special to The Hoya

Including leaders from diverse backgrounds is critical to reestablishing the Catholic Church’s credibility as it works to address the clergy sexual abuse crisis, panelists said at a Nov. 4 event. The panel included Juan Carlos Cruz, a Chilean survivor of clergy sexual abuse who challenged Pope Francis to take decisive action on the crisis; Bishop Steven Biegler, the bishop of Cheyenne, Wyo., who reopened an investigation into one of his predecessors for child sexual abuse; Christopher White, a journalist who reports on the crisis; and Patricia McGuire, president of Trinity Washington University, who is vocal about the lasting costs of the crisis. The Gaston Hall event, “Where Are We Now? Where Do We Need To Go?”, was moderated by John Carr, director of Georgetown University’s Initiative on Catholic Social Thought and Public Life, and Kim Daniels, associate director of the initiative and an adviser to the Vatican. At the event, Daniels shared the results of the report from the June 2019 “National Convening on Lay Leadership


for a Wounded Church and Divided Nation,” which gathered over 50 invited Catholic leaders, survivors, journalists and others. The National Convening was organized by the Initiative on Catholic Social Thought and Public Life and focused on strategizing responses to the clergy sexual abuse crisis. Daniels shared the report’s 10 essential directions for reform and renewal in the wake of the twin crises in the Church: sexual abuse by Catholic clergy and coverups of this abuse by church leaders. The directions’s recommendations include pursuing a survivor-centric response, holding leaders accountable, insisting on transparency and promoting diversity within the Church. “You’ve heard of the Ten Commandments; well, now we have the ten directions,” Carr said. “If you’re looking for the road ahead, this can provide a path.” The panel criticized clericalism, the expectation that Catholics be obedient to the clergy hierarchy that fosters a sense of entitlement and superiority among clergy members, according to Daniels. McGuire described the isolating effect of clericalism and recounted conversations

with Catholic primary school principals about the sexual abuse crisis. These principals overseeing schools deeply impacted by the sexual abuse crisis did not receive direct contact from the Church, McGuire said.

“The betrayal of trust of the faithful in the center is the worst collateral damage of the scandal because that is the support for the church.” PATRICIA MCGUIRE President, Trinity Washington University

“Nobody, throughout this whole scandal, nobody in an official capacity in the church ever reached out to them,” McGuire said. “Every letter that came out from the cardinal was addressed to ‘Dear brother priests.’” McGuire spoke about her mother, a devout Catholic, who spent the final years of her life concerned that her children, raised as active Catholics, may have been survivors of abuse. McGuire

assured her mother that they were not, but her mother’s fear was emblematic of the way the scandal has harmed the relationship between lay people and clergy. “She was the quintessential woman who was the pillar of the church,” McGuire said. “The betrayal of trust of the faithful in the center is the worst collateral damage of the scandal because that is the support for the church.” A problematic separation exists between Catholic men and women, who were largely educated in single-sex institutions, that makes it difficult to foster understanding among diverse groups in the church. Clericalism leads clergy leaders to focus solely on how to solve the crisis within the church, without being inclusive of Catholic women and others impacted by the crisis, according to McGuire. “This is the problem of clericalism, and it’s the place where the dialogue has completely broken down,” McGuire said. “How can the bishops lead and talk to each other and not talk to the rest of us?” The panelists acknowledged the specific steps

The keynote event for Georgetown’s Jesuit Heritage Month featured Congressman Jim McGovern (D-Mass.).


Story on A7.





Scooters in the District Georgetown residents petitioned D.C. Council to create and enforce stricter e-scooter regulations. A9

GAAP Accessibility Georgetown University should offer support for students with financial need to attend GAAP. A3

Comeback Kids Men’s basketball stormed back from a 19-point deficit to defeat Mount St. Mary’s 81-68. A12




Musician Census The results of the first-ever D.C. Music Census were released, revealing that D.C.’s music community is larger than expected. A9

Value Graduates’ Voices Graduate students’ input in the Slavery, Memory and Reconciliation initiative should be valued. A3

Starting Slow Women’s basketball dropped its season opener at Davidson 66-52 on Tuesday. A12

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C EDITORIALS C Demand Transparency in Facilities C

New (fe)Lineman — A black cat interrupted a game of Monday night football this week as it stormed onto the red zone of the Cowboys vs. Giants game. The cat ran from the field to the end zone, eventually making it into the stands, where it was taken out of the stadium.


To the Brig! — An Illinois man, who was also a wanted fugitive, told a police department through Facebook comments that he would turn himself in if they photoshopped him into a Halloween costume. The department complied, making him a jaunty sailor, and he turned himself in the next morning.

Founded Jan. 14, 1920

Georgetown University’s facilities and maintenance problems reached a peak last semester with pervasive mold outbreaks throughout campus and structural concerns with the Alumni Square roofs. This year has also seen a fair share of issues: The Harbin Hall elevator malfunctioned, trapping a student inside, and LXR Hall experienced two weeks of intermittent hot water shortages. To address its myriad facilities problems, Georgetown allocated $75 million in February to deferred maintenance, aiming to repair existing infrastructure issues. Deferred maintenance includes “most maintenance, repair, and building renewal projects,” according to Georgetown’s website. Since then, the university has released no plan or budget on the allocation of the $75 million fund. The fund is much needed, especially considering the health and safety consequences posed by faulty facilities. After repeated reports of mold, students experienced respiratory problems; problems with Alumni Square roofs’ structural integrity could have threatened students’ lives. Investing resources in long-term maintenance is vital to restore the university’s infrastructure and assuage student concerns. But if Georgetown wants to demonstrate to disillusioned students that facilities issues are being addressed, the university must be transparent about how the deferred maintenance funding is being spent. Nine months after the funding was announced, little visible progress seems to have been made. The university completed repairs of Alumni Square roofs and renovated the complex this year, but Georgetown has not informed students of any other ongoing or planned improvements using the deferred maintenance fund. To the university’s credit, it has prioritized deferred maintenance and has plans to renovate Village C. Georgetown’s 2019 Capital Improvement Plan identifies “High Priority Deferred Maintenance” as a top goal. But this vague prioritization is not enough. Students have suffered enough from Georgetown’s maintenance failures; they deserve to know

when the university intends to address the problems that affect them most. In setting these specific goals, the university should focus most on alleviating health concerns: Problems of mold and structural integrity should be at the top of the list. After setting its priorities, the university should publish its to-do list along with a timeline so students can hold the university accountable should it fail to meet its goals. This way, students can ensure the fund is put to good use by voicing their concerns if they disagree with Georgetown’s priorities. Even when the university has renovation plans, such plans are not publicized: Georgetown is planning renovations of Village C next year, according to a university spokesperson, but did not publicly announce this effort. Though the renovation was included in the Capital Improvement Plan, no details are available, and the plan itself is not readily available to the public. “In 2020, Village C, a more than 650-room residence hall built in 1987, will receive major renovations over the next two summers, including exterior waterproofing, improvements to the HVAC and interior renovations,” the spokesperson wrote in an email to The Hoya. Despite the significant renovation plan, little information is publicly available about the upcoming Village C renovations. Georgetown should take a more proactive approach. When large renovation projects are decided, the university should announce the timeline and scope of the project. Increased transparency is not only necessary for students, but also beneficial for the university. As a result of Georgetown’s continued failures in facilities and maintenance, students are understandably distrustful of the university’s promises. By releasing more information, Georgetown can signal it is truly committed to solving facilities issues. After years of inaction, students undoubtedly welcomed the news of the $75 million deferred maintenance fund. The next step for Georgetown is to release plans for its facilities projects so students can rest assured knowing the investment is being effectively used to resolve their concerns.

Nats on Ice — The Washington Capitals welcomed the recent champion-winning Nationals to celebrate before their game on Sunday. Shirtless players rode around the ice on a Zamboni, singing with fans while dousing them with beer. Mang-Oh No! — A tractor carrying mangoes overturned on the outer loop of the Capital Beltway in Maryland earlier this week. While the crash did not close all lanes, it still caused a 7.5-mile backup that slowed many commuters’ journeys.

High and Dry — An Australian hospital recently pulled a cannabis joint out of a man’s nose, which he claims he attempted to sneak into prison through his nose 18 years ago. The man says he has been suffering from constant sinus infections since, but assumed that he had simply swallowed the joint by mistake when he was unable to remove it once in jail.


Improve GU272 Initiative Last week, Georgetown University announced an initiative to collaborate with descendant communities to support community-based projects to benefit descendants of the GU272, the 272 enslaved people sold by the Maryland Province of the Society of Jesus in 1838 to financially sustain the university. Georgetown’s new initiative marks significant progress in the university’s efforts to address its history of slavery but does not sufficiently engage with student advocates on this issue. Georgetown’s initiative comes as a result of persistent activism from descendants and students. Students voted overwhelmingly in favor of a Georgetown University Student Association referendum to pay an additional $27.20 every semester toward a fund to benefit descendants of the GU272. 66.1% of voters supported the referendum with a turnout rate of 57.9%, the highest recorded in student government history. Georgetown has said this initiative will involve close collaboration with student advocates and the descendant community. However, the creation of its initiative without agreement from student activists fails to include the most prominent voices GU272 advocacy. Despite its faults, the initiative is a commendable step in recognizing this institution’s moral obligation to reconcile with its past wrongs. “The University will ensure that the initiative has resources commensurate with, or exceeding, the amount that would have been raised annually through the student fee proposed in the Referendum, with opportunities for every member of our community to contribute,” University President John J. DeGioia (CAS ’79, GRD ’95) wrote in an Oct. 29 email. A student fee collected from the current undergraduate population would have totaled approximately $400,000 annually. Georgetown chose to forgo the mandatory student fee to encourage broader participation, according to a university spokesperson. “As we engaged with members of our Georgetown community and with Descendants, we learned that there is broad interest in supporting this work and in providing a mechanism that would let anyone across the University participate,” the spokesperson wrote in an email to The Hoya. “We want to create a common framework in which everyone can contribute to making this initiative successful.” To follow through with its commitment to in-

clude broader participation, the university should advertise fundraising efforts for the initiative and continue holding events to discuss Georgetown’s history with slavery. If the university fulfills this commitment, this editorial board believes Georgetown’s initiative has greater potential than the originally proposed student fee. Because the initiative is open to receiving contributions from everyone, it can attract more sources of funding. Students who support the referendum can still contribute to this new initiative and sustain a dialogue on campus to encourage their peers to do so as well. Moreover, the new initiative places the onus on Georgetown to raise sufficient funds, meaning students who are affected by the legacy of slavery will not be compelled to contribute to reconciliation efforts if they do not wish to do so. While all students benefit from Georgetown’s historic wrongs, implementing an entirely student-funded initiative does not adequately attribute blame to the university as an institution. By prioritizing Georgetown’s obligation, the responsibility is appropriately attributed to the university — the most responsible party of its historical wrongs. This editorial board commends the university’s progress but recognizes Georgetown’s failure to respect the wishes of the student body as demonstrated by the referendum. Student activists, including Students for GU272, the organization that created the referendum, are understandably critical of the university’s new plan. Students for GU272 raises legitimate concerns regarding the initiative’s lack of provisions for transparency and accountability. Student activists have been instrumental in creating the referendum and inspiring the new initiative, which DeGioia acknowledges in his email. Recognition of student activism cannot merely be empty words. Georgetown should recognize that, by neglecting to consult students in creating the initiative, it has already started off on the wrong foot. The university must reach out to student activists and regain their trust by listening to their input when implementing the initiative. Georgetown’s initiative, though it fails to abide by the decision of the student referendum, is a right step forward to address its past. However, in implementing the initiative, Georgetown has an opportunity to recognize its mistake in neglecting student activists and must correct course.

Maya Gandhi, Editor-in-Chief Academics Desk Editor Graduate Desk Editor Campus Life Desk Editor Campus Life Desk Editor City Desk Editor Deputy Sports Editor Steven Botsoe Deputy Guide Editor Michelle Brown Deputy Guide Editor Yu Young Lee Deputy Guide Editor Zain Sandhu Deputy Guide Editor Megan Wee Deputy Guide Editor Max Hamid Deputy Opinion Editor Rebecca Stekol Deputy Opinion Editor Afua Nyantakyi Deputy Features Editor Karena Landler Deputy Features Editor Yolanda Spura Deputy Features Editor Julia Alvey Deputy Photography Editor Margaret Fouberg Deputy Photography Editor Natalie Isé Deputy Photography Editor Kiki Schmalfuss Deputy Photography Editor Tarika Kumar Deputy Design Editor Mina Lee Deputy Design Editor Eloise Owen Deputy Design Editor Janis Park Deputy Design Editor Madeline Broderick King Deputy Copy Editor Chau Le Deputy Copy Editor Victoria Lei Deputy Copy Editor Nora Ma Deputy Copy Editor Grace Jaworski Deputy Social Media Editor Alexandra Matthews Deputy Social Media Editor Isabel Roemer Deputy Blog Editor

Dobroshynskyi Madeline Charbonneau, Executive Editor Myroslav Amy Li Sana Rahman Kiera Geraghty, Executive Editor Riley Rogerson Connor Thomas Amber Gillette, Managing Editor Joanna LaCoppola

Katrina Schmidt, News Editor Cady Stanton, News Editor Jake Wexelblatt, Sports Editor Allan Navarro, Guide Editor Timothy McNulty, Guide Editor Doris Zhang, Opinion Editor Will Cassou, Features Editor Meena Morar, Features Editor Subul Malik, Photography Editor Samuel Nelson, Design Editor Katherine DeMatteo, Copy Chief Sheel Patel, Social Media Editor Jenna Ryu, Blog Editor Hector Herrera, Multimedia Editor

Editorial Board

Doris Zhang, Chair

Faris Bseiso, Bianca Corgan, Joshua Levy, Haley Wint, Joseph Yacovone, Grant Zangwill

Contributing Editors

Susanna Blount, Will Cromarty, Erin Doherty, Harrison Hurt

HOYA HISTORY: Nov. 9, 1990

Hoyas for Choice Faces SAC Vote Leaders of Hoyas for Choice will ask the Student Activities Commission on Monday to recommend the abortion rights group to receive university benefits, a move that would require the administration to decide on the viability of a pro-choice club at a Catholic university. The SAC will announce whether it recommends the club for approval Oct. 26. Dean of Student Affairs John J. DeGioia, who will deliver the final decision, said a ruling on whether to grant the group benefits would come before the end of the semester. Although the decision will be his, he will “look very carefully at whatever recommendation [the SAC commissioners] make,” DeGioia said. University benefits include access to the university mailing service, inclusion in the

SAC fair and university ceremonies and use of facilities in the Office Student Programs. Funding, office space and other benefits are granted only after further application processes and decisions by the SAC and administrators. According to SAC Chair Tony Oroszlany (CAS ’91), revisions this year in the guidelines for approving student clubs paved the way for granting university benefits to groups whose purpose might be against Catholic doctrine. “With the old criteria, I don’t know that Hoyas for Choice would have made it before the [SAC],” he said. The revisions came in response to the university’s court battle with Gay People of Georgetown University, according to Penny Rue, director of student programs. “It’s a result from the end

of the end of the litigation,” she said. Kelli McTaggart and Julie McKenna, co-chairs of Hoyas for Choice, however, said they were also concerned that a clause in the guidelines that requires approved to “comply…with university policies” would prevent the club from gaining approval for benefits. McTaggart said she expected the SAC to question the group’s stated purpose based on the compliance clause. “It all hinges on that clause. It’s the only thing we could violate,” she said. “Hoya’s for Choice is committed to a woman’s right to decide her reproductive fate,” according to the group’s constitution.

Sarah Bowen Hoya Staff Writer

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have assembled a student advocacy committee around the SMR project. We have a body of senators who are committed to representing their constituents’ interests. As the SMR project moves forward, I will continue to engage with administrators about how best to collaborate and ensure that Georgetown graduate students are actively involved in the committees and working groups that guide the SMR project’s implementation. While I call on the administration to proactively include graduate students, the onus lies on graduate students, too. Graduate students should be active in both engaging GradGov and administrators on the issue. If you are interested in engaging the university on these topics, I recommend reaching out to myself or GradGov. Whether supportive or critical of the SMR projects, it is imperative that graduate students are vocal and leverage their experience in service of the Georgetown community. While this is a challenging issue, it strikes to the core of Georgetown’s identity and integrity. With so much to offer and so much at stake, Georgetown graduate students can not afford to sit on the sidelines. LEWIS MAY is a graduate student in the School of Foreign Service.

GRACE RAMSTAD is a senior in the College.

Redefine Inclusive Housing

ESTHER KANG is a freshman in the College. RECONSTRUCTING DISABILITY appears online every other Tuesday.

If every student were given financial access to GAAP, our sense of community on the Hilltop would undoubtedly be strengthened, and new students could be provided with peace of mind knowing they feel welcome.

Ensure GAAP Weekend Accessibility


he first time I saw the entirety of Georgetown University’s campus was move-in day. While it was so exciting and special to see where I would be eating, sleeping and attending class for the next four years, I clearly remember the feelings of exclusion and apprehension throughout the spring and summer as a result of my inability to visit campus before the fall semester began. The various events and programming that were put on by Georgetown to introduce new students to life on campus were unavailable to me due to the financial burden posed by traveling to Washington, D.C., especially from my hometown in Washington state. Georgetown cannot exclude students based on their economic situation from informative and community-building experiences. The most prominent premove-in programming is put on by the Georgetown Admissions Ambassador Program. The program offers a variety of events for prospective and admitted students, most notably GAAP weekends. Held throughout the spring, the weekends focus on introducing students to Georgetown’s academic and social culture through

campus tours, department open houses and a campus activities fair. According to its website, the goal is to allow students to “gain greater insight into the Georgetown experience.” Because of the in-person, tangible representation of Georgetown’s community that GAAP weekends provide, they are an incredibly important opportunity that allow new students to understand Georgetown. When I was first admitted, I read that Georgetown’s class of 2013 had a median household income of $229,100. I was shocked. Immediately, I had feelings of apprehension about committing to Georgetown, for I felt that my socioeconomic status might feel alienating. My family’s income could in no way compare to the income of the average family sending their children to Georgetown. Being unable to attend GAAP Weekend simply added insult to this injury. Paying for airfare and lodging on such short notice was completely out of the question for me. Despite the high cost, GAAP does not have the budget to offer any scholarships or stipends for students facing financial barriers, according to GAAP President Sarah Malzberg (COL ’20). This lack of

financial aid results in the exclusion of any student in a lower socioeconomic bracket who cannot attend due to the cost. Over and over again, I saw my peers posting photos with Jack the Bulldog and the John Carroll statue at GAAP Weekend, making me feel more isolated from the Georgetown community than ever before. This isolation turned into fears about coming to Georgetown that persisted throughout my summer break. I was consumed with a fear of the unknown and a deep worry that I had missed out on making any friends at Georgetown. Sure, GAAP offers many local “Coffee and Chat” sessions and send-off receptions throughout the country, but these are in no way a replacement for experiencing what life will be like at Georgetown. There are different ways for new students to access campus in an economically feasible manner. Most notably, the Center for Multicultural Equity and Access coordinates an event called Hoya Saxa Weekend for underrepresented students of color, which features a no-cost experience similar to GAAP Weekend. While I believe this program is a fantastic start to improving the financial availability

of community-centered events, Georgetown must make a stronger effort to include all students in GAAP Weekend or similar events. If every student were given financial access to GAAP, our sense of community on the Hilltop would undoubtedly be strengthened, and new students could be provided with peace of mind knowing they feel welcome and knowing what to expect at their new school. It would show that, despite the statistics concerning income, students of any financial background will be welcomed and supported at Georgetown. This reassurance is important to fostering an environment that feels accessible to all and supportive of individual students’ needs. If this problem is not solved, Georgetown will be sending the message that low-income students will not be provided the same opportunities as their wealthier peers. Georgetown must invest more funds into ensuring all students feel welcomed into our community and that they will not be at a disadvantage here due to their economic standing. The university must not continue to leave students behind. KATIE HAWKINSON is a freshman in the College.


Engage Grad Voices in GU272 Reconciliation


efore applying to Georgetown University in 2018, one of my first experiences with the university was reading about the Slavery, Memory, and Reconciliation project in The New York Times. While I was troubled by Georgetown’s legacy of profiting from slavery, I was heartened by both the initiative of the student activists and the administration’s attempts to reckon with a difficult past. Now, as a second-year Master of Science in Foreign Service student and president of the Georgetown University Graduate Student Government, I feel a special obligation to engage with the project that formed my initial impressions of Georgetown. In particular, the graduate student community needs to assume a greater role and responsibility in the ongoing SMR project. Georgetown graduate students are the largest student population and possess an incredible diversity of experience. We have a significant stake in the moral integrity and public image of Georgetown in which this initiative plays a key role. Consequently, we must have a seat at the table. The administration needs to push for graduate student involvement in the initiative and ensure that graduate students are

placed on the SMR project’s advisory groups. University President John J. DeGioia’s (CAS ’79, GRD ’95) recent letter pledging that the university will provide financial support and set a timeline for the SMR project’s implementation is a promising initial step. I urge DeGioia and the administration to follow through on their commitment to implement the SMR project in a manner that effectively offers some redress for slavery. I also commend the descendants and undergraduate activists for taking the lead on pushing these initiatives forward. Without their tenacity and commitment, we would not be having these essential conversations today. However, Georgetown has not historically addressed graduate student concerns on the issue. In my time as GradGov president, numerous graduate students have expressed frustration that they were unaware of how to become involved in the SMR project. Other graduate students have expressed concern that they only learned about last year’s GU272 referendum or prior SMR projects from outside news sources after the projects had already been implemented. The referendum sought to implement a mandatory semesterly fee of $27.20 for undergraduates to

create a fund to benefit the descendants of the 272 enslaved people sold by the Maryland Province of the Society of Jesus in 1838 to financially sustain the university. While many graduate students have been supportive of the efforts, others have also offered valuable and insightful critiques of the SMR project that I believe should be incorporated as part of the broader discussion on how to best pursue reconciliation as a university. These diverse voices of graduate students need to be better incorporated into the upcoming projects that are part of the SMR initiative. As the largest population of Georgetown students, graduate students have a significant stake in the SMR initiative. Much like how the SMR initiative formed my initial impressions of Georgetown, it will also affect graduate students’ broader reputation and integrity as members of the Georgetown community. Moreover, as the SMR initiative looks to develop projects in health and education for descendant communities, the Georgetown administration must leverage the professional acumen of graduate students specializing in public health, education and other related fields. GradGov stands ready to assist in doing so. We

Expand Disability Studies

s a freshman at Georgetown University in 2016, the disability studies minor did not exist, and the primary way I thought about my own ability was as “not disabled.” The disability studies minor was created in 2017 after three years of advocacy. While the growth of the program from nonexistence to a minor has been incredibly important, I want to emphasize the importance of not just increasing the program’s growth, but also increasing the institutional advancement of its mission across campus. As a sophomore, I took my first disability studies course, “Disability and Culture” with professor Sylvia Önder, after which I applied to join the disability studies minor. This class is where I learned the social model of disability, the idea that society is what disables people and thus what should be changed instead of the idea that disabilities are individual ailments that people should seek to “cure.” While there are limits to every theoretical frame, this one completely recalibrated how I thought about disability. The meaning of disability can be explored more, but the primary idea is that what “counts” as disabled is determined by society. It’s determined by how society is structured for movement and interactions, what impairments are normalized and what capabilities are assumed based on these impairments. As a junior, I took “Introduction to Disability Studies” and learned about the history of disability justice movements and their connection to initiatives at Georgetown. As we learned the history of the Americans with Disabilities Act, I also heard about Pedro Arrupe, S.J. Hall’s failure to pass ADA compliance standards, it’s oldest dorms like Henle Village containing only one accessible unit and its resistance to making WhiteGravenor Hall actually accessible. Despite what I was learning in class about the successes of the disability justice movement, outside of class I was witnessing the many ways disabled people’s needs were being devalued and dismissed. These examples show the need to see disability studies not just as a minor, but also as a lens through which we must critique our society and the institutions within it — including Georgetown University. Now a senior, I hope to see the disability studies minor grow in its institutional support as a program and as a way of understanding what justice means. There are logistical limits that must be addressed for the program to grow. For example, the full-time non-tenure line faculty director also teaches three courses this semester. I don’t wish to position this program against others in a fight for resources, only to emphasize the impact of the program can only expand to the capacity of its staffing. That said, continuing to expand the impact of the program is critical. This field holds lessons for everyone. I see this impact in my friend who took her first disability studies course as part of her English major and thought it would be irrelevant, but realized that disability studies is a frame through which to understand people, writing and the experiences of her own life more expansively. The interdisciplinary nature of the disability studies program means that expanding the course selection benefits students engaged in any of the connected disciplines. As an understanding of disability studies spreads, it’s also important that lessons from the discipline are reflected in changes to Georgetown’s culture and policies. The program is working to develop accessible practices through its classes, events and research, but the rest of campus also needs to pay greater attention. Additionally, the campus should not see the disability studies program as a simply solution. Instead, the program must be seen as the guiding beacon of change across the entire institution. When I arrived on campus as a freshman, the disability studies minor did not exist, and the primary way I thought about my own ability was as “not disabled.” Now a senior, I am minoring in disability studies, and I know my relationship to ability is complicated and ever changing. I know benefit from ableism, able to physically access this campus and exist unmarked by any visible disabilities. However, I also know that when I feel deficient for struggling to finish a paper by the deadline because the professor only allows extensions requested 48 hours before the deadline, but I didn’t get a 48 hour notice on the feelings of anxiety that are wracking my body and breaking my concentration, it is not me that needs to change. A more accessible Georgetown is possible, and necessary part of its actualization will be investing in and listening to disability studies.

Esther Kang

n Oct. 31, 2019, Jillian Copeland and David Godoy visited my Ignatius Seminar, “Disability, Culture, and Question of Care.” Copeland is the founder of Main Street, a disability-inclusive residential complex planned for development in Washington, D.C., after its first completed construction in Rockville, Md. Godoy, an immigrant from Ecuador with cerebral palsy, is a devoted advocate for the future of Main Street’s community. Although Copeland had good intentions behind planning Main Street, the project’s design has limited awareness of what disabled people might actually prefer in an ideal community. The ignorance underlying Main Street’s infrastructure demonstrates how easily the accessibility needs of disabled people are assumed for them by nondisabled people and therefore go unrecognized. During her visit, Copeland took pride in how Main Street is a community in which verbalizing the word “inclusion” is no longer necessary. Given her lopsided presentation of Main Street and condescending treatment of Godoy, I do not doubt it. Inclusion in Main Street seems to go unsaid because it does not exist. The limitations of Copeland’s vision for ideal community care are drawn from her experience caring for her disabled son. The issue with this parenting background is that Copeland’s personal association with disability inclined her to infantilize disabled people. This problem was evident in the way that Copeland would not readily let Godoy speak unless she permitted it, and the way she would prompt Godoy to talk about how her project had helped him grow. At one point, she also referred to Godoy as a “good boy” even though Godoy is 38 years old. The superficial presence of Godoy paired with his inability to speak unless spoken to are evidence of Copeland tokenizing Godoy’s identity. More disturbing were the times Godoy did get to speak, as he expounded on Main Street’s ideologies. He claims that the community’s ideals of unwavering positivity and forgetting the negative aspects of disability helped him find happiness. He claims he is grateful to have “overcome” his disability all thanks to “Ms. Copeland.” However, the more he describes Main Street and “Ms. Copeland,” the harder it gets to reconcile his words with his tone, which is somehow overemphatic and emotionless at the same time. Indeed, much of what Godoy said reflects what nondisabled people are comfortable tolerating. The problematic implementation of Main Street likewise draws from Copeland’s own self-identification as nondisabled. With misleading slogans like “Inclusivity Redefined,” Main Street leverages the inclusion of disabled people merely to promote the community’s appeal. Only a quarter of Main Street’s housing units are actually set aside for people with disabilities, while the remaining majority are not. Main Street’s inclusive communitybuilding efforts also involve activities that are not particularly accessible to people with disabilities, with programs like yoga classes, cooking sessions and meditative strolls outside. It is unclear how these recreational options are the result of carefully engaging the disabled community and not simply assumed from the singular preferences of an able-bodied perspective. The vision of Main Street infringes on the rights of disabled adults due to the narrowness of its founder. Like most institutions of care in the United States, Main Street was conceived out of the need of disabled people’s families to bridge the “cliff” in government-provided care. However, although Main Street had good intentions, its implementation is limited to nondisabled preferences, which have led its members to internalize an inferiority complex. The danger in defending Copeland’s project arises from considering Main Street’s optimistic outlook, as it intends to “serve as a replicable model for integrated living and community structure.” As plans for a second Main Street community are already set in place to reach D.C., the Copelands actually need to redefine inclusivity for themselves before they decide to replicate the Main Street model in D.C.







INSIDE THIS ISSUE Students and religious leaders reflected on the failures of religious organizations to discuss sexuality. Story on A8.

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I can be a Republican and care about the environment as well, and there are solutions out there that Republicans can advocate for.” Nick Lindquist, American Conservation Coalition policy director, on climate change policy solutions. Story on A8.

from our blog


The German department is commemorating the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall with a replica wall in Red Square where students can write slogans and messages on the wall. The exhibit will remain on display from Nov. 7 to Nov. 9.

HAPPY TURKEY DAY FROM THE HOYA Take our advice on some wholesome holiday cooking suggestions, including “Give Me an A” brownies and “Goodbye Forever” cake — recipes not included.

PNC Exclusive Access Fuels University Profits MAJA OCHOJSKA Hoya Staff Writer

On June 30, 2014, Georgetown University earned $240,000 dollars for granting PNC Bank exclusive access to its students. Since then, Georgetown has helped ensure that PNC has the capability to meet its recruitment goals on campus each year, introducing nearly 2,000 freshman to the bank each year during their freshman orientation. In 2014, PNC replaced Capital One as the on-campus bank at Georgetown University. PNC has not released the number of Georgetown students who have opened a PNC account on campus since 2014, but based on annual company targets, the number could be well over 8,000, according to the agreement between Georgetown and PNC. As Georgetown is making hundreds of thousands from its agreement with PNC, whether the needs of students are taking priority to the university’s bottom line or not remains unclear.


Paid marketing agreements like the one Georgetown entered with PNC make opening a bank account on campus easier than ever, but activists and policymakers nationwide wonder whether this ease is always in the students’ best interest. Hundreds of campuses across the nation enter into agreements with commercial banks, allowing them access to students with an exclusive presence on college campuses. Some banks elect to enter agreements with just one university, while others enter multiple partnerships nationwide, such as PNC, which has partnered with 27 universities, and Wells Fargo, which has partnered with 24. PNC’s presence on campus has enabled the bank to become more integrated into the community and serve as a positive resource for Hoyas, according to Marc Fournier, vice president of Auxiliary Services at Georgetown. “PNC provides a number of resources to the campus community, such as student and workplace banking, as well as financial literacy programs for students, faculty and staff,” Fournier wrote in an email to The Hoya. Integrating into a college community also provides many benefits for the bank itself, as many students maintain their relationship with their first bank even after they graduate, according to Kaitlyn Vitez, director of the Make Higher Education Af-

fordable Campaign for the U.S. Public Interest Research Group, an advocacy group that utilizes research to petition for progressive causes. “Students are going to continue to bank with these big national chains, like the PNC or Wells Fargo, for years to come,” Vitez, who co-authored reports on overdraft fees and debit cards from paid marketing agreements, said in an interview with The Hoya. Aiganym Nurakhanova (SFS ’23), a student from Kazakhstan, began banking with PNC because of its exclusive partnership with Georgetown. “I opened an account with the PNC because it is convenient, as it’s the only bank right here on campus,” Nurakhanova said. This dynamic is key to cultivating deep connections with the Georgetown community, according to Richard Bynum, the regional president of PNC for the greater Washington, D.C. area. “Exclusivity is something you need to build relationships, create commitment to a company,” Bynum said in an interview with The Hoya. Paid marketing agreements between universities and commercial banks nationwide earn millions for both partners, but at times they can create significant financial hardships for students, according to a 2016 Consumer Financial Protection Bureau report. Wells Fargo has 24 paid marketing agreements with colleges and universities across the country. Students who banked with Wells Fargo paid an average of $44.84 in fees in the most recently available contract year, and the bank earned over $11 million just from these fees, according to a study by the U.S. PIRG Education Fund — among the highest of all campus debit card providers. On average, students at universities with paid marketing agreements almost paid almost twice as much in fees on debit cards than students attending universities without these agreements. Many of these fees were overdraft fees, which are charged if an account attempts a transaction over its balance. PNC’s overdraft fee is $36, and the bank allows four overdraft transactions a day, potentially totaling to an overdraft fee of $144. Accounts are charged a $7 daily fee for the subsequent days they remain overcharged, according to PNC’s student contract. While a minority of students nationwide pay overdraft fees, the students who rack them up

can incur hundreds in charges. In fact, overdraft fees hit younger adults particularly hard, according to a 2016 Pew Charitable Trusts study. While PNC does not have a record of excessive fees comparable to that of Wells Fargo, the continued presence of overdraft fees still highlights ways the accounts can be improved to meet the needs of students, according to Vitez. “Is PNC as dangerous of a bank as Wells Fargo is?” Vitez said. “No. But, there is no reason why students should have to pay these overdraft fees at all.”


The relationship and potential earnings PNC can receive from its clients expand beyond the confines of a checking account, and the bank compensates the university for this prime access to its students: PNC pays up to $180,000 a year to the university for its exclusive presence on campus, along with a $240,000 signing bonus in 2014, according to PNC’s contract with Georgetown. PNC, however, only pays the full $180,000 if the target number of new accounts from students and university employees is reached annually. Last year, the target fell short, reducing PNC’s payment to $147,000, according to Vitez. If PNC surpasses its recruitment goal, the bank must pay Georgetown a bonus determined by what amount the goal was exceeded, giving the university a financial stake in PNC’s recruitment efforts. PNC has access to the names, contact information and addresses of all incoming new students. The bank also has the ability to request the university to send advertising material to the home address of any student at Georgetown, regardless if they are incoming or not, according to PNC’s contract with the university. PNC has not invoked this provision of the agreement, according to Fournier. “PNC maintains contact information for only students who sign up for PNC accounts, and to date, the University has not provided student contact information to PNC,” Fournier wrote. The provision’s inclusion in the agreement leaves the potential for invasions of students’ privacy, according to Linda Sherry, director of national priorities Consumer Action, a nonprofit consumer education and advocacy center . “It is concerning — they know

a lot about you,” Sherry said in an interview with The Hoya. “It’s kind of as if the university never asked the students if it was okay to do this.” While PNC has refrained from using student data of its own accord, colleges and universities with paid marketing agreements have the power to prohibit policies that run counter to students’ interests by specifying so in their contracts with these banks, according to a 2016 report from the CFPB.


For many students, the bank account they open when they arrive at college is their first account, making the process more difficult to understand. Students often trust a university endorsement to direct them to the best account, according to the U.S. PIRG Education Fund — even when the university endorses banks with policies not tailored to the needs of students. Valeria Villareal (SFS ’23), a student from Mexico, opened a PNC account like many of her peers just days after arriving at Georgetown, partly motivated by the university’s endorsement of the bank. She received a pamphlet outlining U.S. banking practices but felt no one adequately walked her through the conditions and terminology of her account, leading to her surprise at the bank’s fees. “When I opened my account,

I didn’t stop to think there was anything I needed to be concerned about,” Villareal said. “I wasn’t aware that if I go $1 over, they’ll charge me $36. I just expected for the card to be declined.” For students without previous interactions with U.S. banks, like many international students arriving to the United States for the first time, these fees can lead to a financial burden if they are unprepared, especially if their first language is not English, according to Vitez. “They might not be able to comprehend all the terms that are in the marketing material that banks are providing them with on campus,” Vitez said. “There are a couple of different ways students can be taken advantage of — international students check off a lot of these boxes.” PNC provides international students with a guide to common practices in U.S. banking, which was sent by email to all incoming international students, according to Fournier. However, some students still report they were unaware such resources existed or did not feel fully informed on the details of their account. Nurakhanova, like Villareal, also did not know the account she opened came with overdraft fees, nor did she realize she had been sent information regarding U.S. banking practices.

The Office of Global Services recognizes its duty to guide new international students through the U.S. banking system and uses PNC representatives in this process, according to Fournier. “Part of this process includes PNC’s involvement in International New Student Orientation, where representatives from PNC are available to meet with international students and answer questions about money management,” Fournier wrote. Increasing understanding of the U.S. banking system is a vital part of integrating international students into U.S. universities, but private banks might not be the best agent for educating these students, according to Vitez. “Financial literacy is all in all a really good thing,” Vitez said. “But we should not outsource these education activities to banks that have a vested interest in students not reading the fine print.” Despite what may seem like a university endorsement, students should take time to ensure the bank meets their own needs before opening an account, according to Vitez. “Before signing up for any financial product, particularly debit cards, look for something that is safe and affordable,” Vitez said. “If there is a paid agreement between your school and a bank, you should proceed with caution.”


Georgetown partnered with PNC in 2014 to grant PNC exclusive access to its student body. If a certain threshold of students and faculty open new accounts, Georgetown earns a $180,000 fee.





US Helped Topple SAC Convenes Fall 2019 Budget The Berlin Wall, Summit, Allocates About $300K Panelists Say SANA RAHMAN AND ASHLEY ZHAO Hoya Staff Writers


Special to The Hoya

Strong United States leadership alongside grassroots activism in Germany were key factors in the fall of the Berlin Wall, speakers said at an event in Gaston Hall on Nov. 6. The event, titled “30 Years Later: Lessons from the Fall of the Berlin Wall,” featured three different panels of notable experts as well as introductory remarks from former Secretary of State James Baker. The panels focused on the events leading to the fall of the Berlin Wall, events that occurred on the day the wall was torn down and policy implications for the future. After World War II, Germany was divided into four military occupation zones by the United States, the United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union, with the eastern section occupied by the Soviets. From 1949 to 1961, about 2.5 million East Germans fled from East Germany to West Germany. In response to this mass immigration, East Germany erected the Berlin Wall in 1961 as a barrier to prevent skilled East German workers and intellectuals from leaving the region. The fall of the Berlin Wall on Nov. 9, 1989 remains a remarkable event to this day because of its historical impact, according to Baker. “I am confident that today’s lessons from the fall of the Berlin Wall will be an informative and useful examination of an historic event that led to the peaceful conclusion of the Cold War,” Baker said. “What happened three decades ago this week fundamentally changed the world.” Panelists held varying views on the causes of the fall of the wall and the subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union, crediting the division’s end to domestic and foreign efforts. President Ronald Reagan’s administration took a more hardline approach to American-Soviet relations compared to the previous George H.W. Bush administration, according to panelist Jeffrey Engel, founding director of the Center for Presidential History at Southern Methodist University. Reagan’s more aggressive rhetoric caused political leaders in the Soviet Union to become concerned, Engel said at the panel. “Soviet policymakers heard Ronald Reagan, heard him talk about a crusade of fire, heard him talk about purging the world of communism, heard him talk about the communist state as being an evil empire and were genu-

inely worried that he meant what he said,” Engel said. The United States played an important role in spreading liberal values to other parts of the world, according to Baker. “Both President Reagan and President Bush realized that a large component of American strength was that we were the promoter and champion of a liberal world order,” Baker said. In 1989, a series of revolutions in nearby European countries spurred East Germans to begin demonstrating for liberalizing reform. After weeks of sustained civil unrest, the East German government announced that citizens could begin visiting West Germany. Following the announcement, thousands of Germans gathered on both sides of the wall and guards at the wall opened the gate. The grassroots action of individuals in East Germany and neighboring Soviet countries contributed to the fall of the wall, according to Baker. “It was the indomitable spirit of those citizens of the captive nations that made possible our victory in the Cold War,” Baker said. Both the Reagan and Bush administrations focused on developing strong relations with other foreign leaders and attempted to promote America’s interests and values around the world, and the current executive administration should do the same, according to Baker. “The lessons that presidents Reagan and Bush provided during that critical window of history remain as pertinent today as they were back then,” Baker said. “As our nation continues to confront many daunting challenges, the foreign policies of Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush remain models that all American presidents would do well to follow.” The event was part of the Georgetown University German department’s series of programming celebrating the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall from Nov. 4 to Nov. 9. Events include a weeklong poster exhibit in the Intercultural Center, student and faculty presentations and a “Tear Down This Wall!” cake party. Ideologies transcend physical barriers, according to ambassador and former Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky. “The power of ideas can really make a difference, the moral narrative, the fact that fundamental human freedoms cannot be buried or blocked by any kind of wall or barrier,” Dobriansky said.

The Student Activities Commission held its semesterly Budget Summit last weekend to allocate approximately $300,000 to over 130 clubs for Spring 2020. SAC is a funding and advisory board that distributes money to student organizations. It is part of a wider system of funding at Georgetown University controlled by the Georgetown University Student Association senate finance and appropriations committee. The FinApp committee received $1,092,000 this year from the $84 Student Activities Fee that all students pay each semester. This club funding system is complex but has a major impact on club programming, campus visibility and student life. While many clubs fall under other advisory boards with slightly different processes, SAC allocates the most funding to the most groups.


The FinApp committee divides $1,092,000 among nine bodies, including seven advisory boards: SAC, Georgetown Program Board, the Georgetown University Lecture Fund, the GUSA executive, Media Board, Performing Arts Advisory Council, Campus Ministry Student Forum, Center for Social Justice Advisory Board for Student Organizations and Advisory Board for Club Sports. Advisory boards work with the Vice President for Student Affairs to oversee student organizations and their role on campus. These advisory boards act as umbrella organizations that distribute funds among various kinds of student groups. SAC received roughly $320,000 from the FinApp committee for the 2019-20 year, according to SAC Chair Max Curschmann (COL ’20). SAC also received additional funding of approximately $84,000 from the Vice President’s Office for Student Affairs and approximately $8,800 in a Coke grant. Of the nearly $400,000 in funding that SAC receives, roughly $300,000 is allocated for their budget fund and roughly $100,000 goes toward ad hoc and travel funding. Student organizations can request ad hoc funding for larger, more expensive events, according to Curschmann.

Any club with Access to Benefits — which means it is university-approved to receive campus resources — is able to apply for SAC funding via a Google form sent out at the start of each semester. Clubs have until 5 p.m. on the Thursday before the Budget Summit to submit their funding requests. Fourteen student commissioners serve on SAC, and each commissioner works directly with a portfolio of seven to 11 student groups. The commissioners serve as a resource for student groups and inform them of their final budget allocation. SAC works to be transparent with its funding process by publicizing its weekly meetings and Budget Guide, which lists SAC policies, according to SAC Commissioner Jake Galant (SFS ’20). “While many students think SAC is a black box, we actually have a very open process, and students can look at our weekly minutes or see our Budget Guide where we lay out all of our policies,” Galant wrote in an email to The Hoya.


ceived adequate total funding, according to Curschmann. When setting budgets, SAC considers a club’s funding from the past two semesters. A club’s upper funding limit is determined by the highest budget a club received in that time. The highest spring 2020 budgets allocated at last weekend’s summit were $6,000, granted to Georgetown Midwest Club, the Asian American Student Association, African Society of Georgetown and the Ballroom Dance Team. SAC takes a holistic view when considering higher than usual funding requests from clubs that historically have larger budgets in one semester over another, according to Curschmann. “So we get that their Fall 2019 budget is like a lot lower, but historically their spring budget has always been a lot bigger,” Curschmann said. SAC may conduct budget cuts when organizations applying for funding do not follow the Budget Guide.

HOW CAN CLUBS RECEIVE MORE FUNDING, IF NEEDED? Often, clubs may not initially receive funding for certain large events because SAC can address these events with its ad hoc funding, Curschmann said. “We say come back for our ad hoc funding, and then they’ll get full funding then,” Curschmann said. “We just found historically that when groups do come in for ad hoc funding, it’s more accurate, the dollars are used more ef-

ficiently and that’s just more transparent as well as where all the student body’s money is going.” Clubs are notified of their allocated funding for the following semester via an email from their assigned SAC commissioner. Clubs have one week after being notified of their funding to appeal the allocation amount. This semester’s budget summit adequately addressed the needs of Georgetown Renewable Energy and Environmental Network, according to GREEN President Amelia Walsh (SFS ’20). “We usually request about the same amount each semester, and we usually budget for about 7 events of about $100, and then extra money for general maintenance (with teams working on bees and gardening, we often have a lot of maintenance needs),” Walsh wrote in an email The Hoya. “We have been happy with our interactions with SAC this year.” Students should have a vested interest in the work that SAC does in allocating club funding, according to SAC Commissioner Clay Volino (SFS ’22). “Ultimately I believe the purpose of SAC funding is to give clubs the resources they need to build community within Georgetown. Students who care about that should care about SAC funding,” Volino wrote in an email to The Hoya.

When deciding how to address each club’s budget requests, SAC looks at the club’s previous two semesters of approved funding. SAC places each organization into a funding tier, taking their prior funding history into account. Each tier represents a range of funding and each club’s fundHoya Staff Writer Riley Roging is labeled as low, no desigerson contributed reporting. nation or high. These tiers correspond to the 25th percentile, 50th percentile and 75th percentile of funding, respectively. The tiers give SAC an effective safety net during the budget summit by preventing the possibility of allocating more funding than is in the total budget. These tiers provide flexibility for SAC to adjust the final funding allocation for clubs. But SAC has not RYAN SIEBECKER, LILIA QIAN AND DOMINIC PHAM/THE HOYA recently run The GUSA senate finance and appropriations committee allocated $1,092,000 in into this issue, as they have re- March to nine bodies, including SAC and six other advisory boards.

GU Launches New Spring GUSA Senate Backs DC Courses, Potential Major Council Bill on Sex Work ISHAAN RAI

Special to The Hoya

Georgetown College is offering new undergraduate course opportunities in American Sign Language and interdisciplinary studies for the Spring 2020 semester as well as developing a new medical humanities major which could launch in coming years. Upcoming spring one-credit courses “Living and Dying,” “Medical Non-Fiction and Journalism” and “Medicine and Mystery” will preview the medical humanities major, according to Daniel Marchalik (GRD ’16), director of the litrature and medicine track at the Georgetown University Medical Center and collaborator on the new undergraduate major. The interdisciplinary medical humanities major would place medical studies within a historical literature and cultural context. Marchalik will serve as a professor for the “Medicine and Mystery” course. He completed his surgical residency at MedStar Georgetown University Hospital while obtaining a master’s degree in literature. Combining the disciplines of literature and medicine with the new major would catalyze a dialogue between medical and college students at Georgetown, he said. “It is my vision to create more opportunities for this type of interdisciplinary work,” Marchalik wrote in an email to The Hoya. “As such, these courses are designed to have both medical students and college students in the same room, taking the same course work.” The medical humanities major would use social science and humanities to better comprehend medicine, according to Lakshmi Krishnan, a diagnostician at Johns Hopkins University and an affiliate professor of English

in the College. “Medical humanities is the growing interdisciplinary field which puts medicine back into its social, historical, and cultural context,” Krishnan wrote in an email to The Hoya. “It encompasses the humanities and social sciences, and argues that the methods of the humanities and social sciences should be used to understand, critique, and enhance medical practice.” Faculty and deans from the Medical Center and the College met consistently to develop new courses, according to Sue Lorenson, vice dean for undergraduate education. “Medical Humanities is an example of a boundary-crossing initiative,” Lorenson wrote in an email to The Hoya. “How might the study of the humanities, in all of its forms, inform the study of medicine, and vice-versa?” The university will also offer a new three-credit interdisciplinary course in the Maker Hub titled “Making Matters.” Students who take the class will engage both with their classmates and the Maker Hub tools, according to the Maker Hub manager Don Undeen. Students have been able to utilize the Maker Hub on the first floor of Lauinger Library to explore personal and academic creative projects since 2016. The space features tools ranging from 3D printers to sewing machines to power drills. The layout of the Maker Hub, with tools along the perimeter and a long central table, will be conducive to interdisciplinary work, according to Undeen. “It’s about the impact of making culture, and learning about how to use the tools of the space,” Undeen said in an interview with The Hoya. “We’ll be thinking more reflectively about what makerspaces mean in the broader context of global impact.”

New one-credit classes including “History of the Book,” which will examine the evolution of the printing process, and “Digital Research Methods,” designed to introduce students to new research techniques, will also be offered in partnership with Lauinger Library. Georgetown has also partnered with with Gallaudet University, a local university in Washington, D.C., for the deaf and hard of hearing, to expand ASL programming. Currently, ASL I and ASL II courses are offered on campus and taught by visiting Gallaudet professors. Next semester, Georgetown students can take higher level ASL classes directly at Gallaudet, according to Sylvia Wing Önder, professor in the department of Arabic and Islamic studies and director of small program languages. “We wanted to bring the opportunity to more Georgetown students,” Önder wrote in an email to The Hoya. “Students who want to continue to upper levels of ASL are able to go to more classes at Gallaudet through the Consortium arrangement.” The past arrangement with Gallaudet has been popular among students, and the expanded programming will give students more chances to improve their ASL skills, according to Lorenson. “It’s my sense that this has been a great success; our friends at Gallaudet have been extremely generous with their time (including travel time) and our students have filled the classes,” Lorenson wrote.

This article was updated to reflect the timeline of the launch of the medical humanities major and clarify that the Georgetown College will oversee new programming.


After a more than 14-hour Washington, D.C. Council hearing on a bill that would take steps to decriminalize some sex work in D.C., the Georgetown University Student Association Senate voted in favor of a resolution supporting the bill at their meeting Sunday. The GUSA resolution endorsed the D.C. Council Community Safety and Health Amendment Act of 2019, a bill that would decriminalize prostitution for individuals over 18 years old and create a working group that would examine how to decriminalize other types of sex work. The bill is awaiting a vote in the Council’s Committee on the Judiciary and Public Safety, but the Council’s chair, Councilmember Charles Allen (D-Ward 6), indicated he does not plan to bring the measure to a full committee vote in the near future, according to DCist. The GUSA resolution supporting the D.C. Council bill passed in a 20-6 vote. During a debate period about the resolution, many senators who supported the bill highlighted higher participation rates by the LGBTQ community in the sex work industry. The 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey found that 19% of all transgender people have participated in sex work. The GUSA-sponsored D.C. Council bill would support current and future members of the Georgetown LGBTQ community as well as students currently working as sex workers, according to freshman senator Eric Lipka (COL ’23), who introduced the GUSA resolution. “With the resolution, I hope that it also sends this message to the queer community on campus: We see you. We stand with you. We support you. You are

valid, and your interests are our interests, and we will continue to fight for you and your rights on campus,” Lipka said in an interview with The Hoya. “I feel that it is my duty to let them know that they belong here and should not be criminalized and dehumanized for their work.” Opponents of the GUSA resolution cited personal beliefs and a lack of research on the number of students involved in the sex work industry as their concerns. Sam Dubke (SFS ’21) voted against the resolution over the potential implications of supporting the bill, which he argued during the debate period. “I think decriminalization is a conversation that we can positively have, but as this piece of legislation stands, I think it is too urging of the act itself,” Dubke said during the period of debate on the GUSA resolution. “I also have personal morality; I think that I can’t vote on something that encourages this kind of work.” The D.C. Council bill met similar opposition to the GUSA resolution after a committee hearing on the topic Oct. 17. After originally introducing the bill to the Council in 2017, Councilmember David Grosso (I-At-Large) reintroduced the measure on June 4. After hearing the testimonies of sex workers, which included D.C. college students, Grosso concluded that sex work should be decriminalized and drafted the bill, he wrote in an email to The Hoya. “It is overdue for D.C. to change how we address commercial sex in our city,” Grosso wrote. “By decriminalizing sex work between consenting adults and retaining prohibitions against force, coercion, and human trafficking, we can take sex work out of the shadows, reduce violence, and improve the provision of health and other services to sex workers.” Tamika Spellman, who serves

as a policy and advocacy associate with HIPS, a non-profit that provides medical services, education, and support to drug users and those in the sex industry, testified before the D.C. Council in support of the bill. Spellman has personally faced discrimination by local police as a sex worker in D.C. because of sex work’s illegal status, she said. The D.C. Council bill would be a positive step toward preventing similar experiences for certain sex workers whose work would be decriminalized under the bill in the District in the future, according to Spellman. “We’re asking for a relaxing of some laws so that people can work more efficiently, work safer and not be pushed around by the police holding the criminality over their heads,” Spellman said in a phone interview with The Hoya. “Sex workers are going to be ultimately safer; we will feel a lot better about reporting crimes that do happen to us.” Last year, H*yas for Choice, a pro-reproductive rights organization, alongside the Georgetown Black Student Alliance and GU Queer People of Color, co-hosted a conversation with Spellman as a part of their sex work series. The D.C. Council bill would directly support Georgetown student sex workers, according to HFC leadership. “H*yas for choice is strongly in support of sex work decriminalization, as we believe everyone should be free to make decisions about their bodily autonomy and that decriminalization makes sex work safer,” the group wrote in a statement to The Hoya. “There are Georgetown students who are sex workers and whose lives would be directly improved by decriminalization.”

Hoya Staff Writer Riley Rogerson contributed to this reporting.





Xue Remembered For Passion, Faith, Adventurous Spirit OBITUARY, from A1 Buddhist community and served as co-president of the Georgetown Buddhist Student Association in her time on campus. The group hosted a Buddhist memorial service for Xue on Nov. 4. Her uplifting attitude will be sincerely missed by members of the Buddhist community, according to a BuSA Facebook statement. “Michelle was an incredible person, and her passion, work ethic, and unbridled enthusiasm towards the Buddhist community at Georgetown will be deeply missed,” the statement said. “During her time on campus, Michelle took it upon herself to deeply engage with Georgetown’s Buddhists, and her actions left a positive impact on everyone she encountered.” Xue’s dedication to faith moved others to examine their own spirituality, according to Director of Dharmic Life and Xue’s former “Problem of God” professor Brahmachari Sharan. “In one of the initial meetings we had, she spoke about the beauty of the outdoors, and the feeling of true freedom, saying that the meditation she practiced and the liberation of immersing herself in nature were, for her, one and the same,” Sharan said in a statement from the university. “It was her commitment to

the Buddhist community, even though she considered herself very new to the depth of the teachings, that inspired so many of her peers to give their own spiritual journeys a little more thought.” Members of Xue’s family launched a GoFundMe on Nov. 3 to collect donations for the Mono County Sheriff Search and Rescue team, which found and recovered Xue and her climbing partner, Jennifer Shedden, who also died from the rock slide accident. The fundraiser surpassed its $10,000 goal in just two days. “We are forever thankful for their brave service and believe this is how Michelle would have liked us to remember her adventures,” the fundraising page said. Xue was an avid traveler and climber who was enthusiastic about the outdoors. Her pursuit of these passions inspired many, including Daniel Minot, her MSB advising dean. “She is and was the type of student who inspires me to do what I do each and every day,” Minot wrote in an email to The Hoya. “I was always struck by her passion for exploration, her spontaneity, and her unyielding optimism. There was no challenge too difficult and no obstacle too great - Michelle persevered through everything with a smile and a love for life that was unmatched by her peers.”


GU Votes, which is part of the Georgetown Institute of Politics and Public Service, hopes to increase students’ participation in national and local elections as the 2020 presidential election cycle and the corresponding primary races draw closer. 

Absentee Ballot Forms Offered on New Platform

VOTING, from A1


During her time at Georgetown, Xue was an active member of the Georgetown Buddhist Student Association and club rock climbing.

Georgetown University embrace this resource as a way to increase access to voting for their students,” Cronin said in a GU Votes news release. Among eligible Georgetown students, overall voter participation in midterm elections increased from 20.1% in 2014 to 49.0% in 2018, according to GU Votes. The overall national average voting rate among college students increased from 19.7% in 2014 to 39.1% in 2018, according to a 2018 report by the Institute for Democracy & Higher Education at Tufts University. Launching the online platform to increase civic engagement among college students is an important step to ensuring greater participation in the democratic process, according to Mo Elleithee (SFS ’94), executive director of GU Politics.

National Convening Results Shared at Panel on Clerical Abuse CLERGY, from A1 forward that the Church has taken in reckoning with the crisis, especially vos estis lux mundi, an addition to church law implemented by Pope Francis in May 2019. Vos estis created new procedural rules to prevent and respond to sexual abuse, including protecting whistleblowers, expanding assistance to the families of survivors and increasing the role of nonclergy members in investigations, according to Catholic News Agency. While vos estis provides a framework for keeping clergy members accountable, making the formal changes a

reality is still a serious challenge, according to White. “The challenge, of course, comes with implementation,” White said. While the United States is making progress on accountability, the Catholic Church is a global institution, and there could be a disparity in the implementation of vos estis, Cruz said. “How do we police that? Vos estis — how do we make that happen?” Cruz said. “In the United States, many things are happening and we have advanced, but if you look at the rest of the world, it has not even begun. The tip of the iceberg — we have only seen that.”

The church has begun to identify the ramifications of sexual abuse and the ensuing coverups, according to Biegler. However, the further steps needed to encourage healing with the church must still be taken, Biegler said. “We have identified the twin crises. We have a much clearer understanding of the statistics of sexual abuse. The victims are beginning to find their voice. Those are real positives,” Biegler said. “But it’s not just that we need to know the statistics of abuse — we need to see the reality of that sexual abuse with eyes wide open, and let it really pierce our hearts.”


Patricia McGuire, left, Juan Carlos Cruz, John Carr, Kim Daniels, Bishop Steven Biegler and Christopher White advocated for diversity in church leadership at a Nov. 4 panel.

“Part of the GU Politics mission is to encourage every student to participate in building the democracy they want to see,” Elleithee said in the news release. “We are really proud of our students for working with a wide range of stakeholders at Georgetown to help their classmates have a voice in the decisions of their nation and support our fragile democracy.” The timing of the MyAccess initiative is valuable because students at Georgetown planning to vote in the 2020 election primaries come from a wider diversity of states than students at other schools do, Straky said. “The unique thing about Georgetown versus, say, the University of Michigan — where they’re worried about a one state voting system, we worry about 50,” Straky said. “We have students from all across the country, and most often students choose to vote from their home state if

they’re eligible to do so, so we have to facilitate that.” GU Votes is also working to make the absentee ballot request process easier for students, according to the announcement. The organization already runs a Voter Dropbox Program, which provides prestamped envelopes and secure dropboxes with nightly mail service. GU Votes focused on creating a streamlined process for students to have access to various voting resources in creating the portal, according to Straky. “Students are worried about finding their classes; they just got to college — they don’t want to be thinking about that,” Straky said. “By integrating it directly into MyAccess, it makes it that much easier for students to have access to these voting tools.” Hayley Grande (COL ’21), president of Georgetown University College Republicans,

expressed support for the ease of use the voter portal provides to students. “The new voter portal in MyAccess is a fantastic way to help increase accessibility to voting materials while away at school to make sure that students have a voice in the upcoming 2020 election,” Grande wrote in an email to The Hoya. Rebecca Hollister (COL ’21), chair of Georgetown University College Democrats, hopes the new system can be incorporated into future GUCD meetings and increase participation among members. “I’m going to encourage the next GUCD board to do a tutorial and exploration of the new system, and as always, we want to make sure all of our members are registered to vote,” Hollister wrote in an email to The Hoya. “GU Votes has made it easier for students to do so, and we are very excited and grateful at the success of their project.”





Asian Pacific Islander Heritage GU Honors Murdered Clergy Month Kick-Starts Celebrations During Jesuit Heritage Month ASHLEY ZHAO Hoya Staff Writer

The 14th annual Asian Pacific Islander Heritage Month at Georgetown began last Friday with a new education-focused Halloween event and will include a Vietnamese Language Dinner, a first ever Langar Night and other programming throughout November. The Asian American Hub for Organizing, Movement and Empowerment, a residential space for Asian American students on campus founded this year, held the first program of API Heritage Month on Nov. 1 with a trick-or-treat event in collaboration with the Womxn in the Arts Magis Row house. Asian American HOME members distributed candy and Halloween o’grams highlighting issues involving immigration, socioeconomic status and health education, according to Asian American HOME resident and Asian-Pacific Islander Leadership Forum member Heejin Hahn (COL ’20). Through Halloween o’grams focusing on areas of concern within Asian communities, attendees were able to observe the diverse issues that these communities face, Hahn wrote. “These were some that I picked to remind people of how intersectional Asian American identity is and how our movement is multi-issue and multi faceted,” Hahn wrote in an email to The Hoya. “At the Asian American house, we try to be as intersectional as we can to address people and identities who are

pushed to the margins of our own communities.” The Sikh Student Association, which was founded last year, will also be hosting their first ever Langar Night on Nov. 13. Langar Night will celebrate the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak Dev Ji, and his practice of Langar with free vegetarian food served to all visitors regardless of religion, caste or gender, according to SSA President Rimpal Bajwa (SFS ’22). This year will be the first time the Asian American Student Association will host its annual Fall Ball and Asian Diversity Dialogue Conference in the same weekend to increase traction and awareness, according to AASA CoPresident Julia Lo (MSB ’21). Event attendees will have the opportunity to learn about diversity within Asian communities and how these individuals exist beyond common stereotypes, Lo wrote. “I hope students, through attending these events, realize that API culture is not monolithic,” Lo wrote in an email to The Hoya. “I hope the various conferences and showcases allow our peers to experience our culture past the stereotypes and mainstream ideals.” Although API Heritage Month at Georgetown takes place in November, the celebration occurs nationally in May. The university decided to celebrate API Heritage Month in November due to the student body being out of session for most of May, according to Hahn. Celebrating API Heritage


The Asian American Student Association will host Fall Ball and Asian Diversity Dialogue Conference during the month’s celebration.

Month in November presents a problem in its dislocation of National Native American Heritage Month at Georgetown during its traditional timing, Hahn wrote. “Of course, APILF is not exactly thrilled that the president’s office declared API heritage month to be in November which is actually the national Native American heritage month in the US,” Hahn wrote in an email to The Hoya. “We do not mean to displace other students’ heritage months just because we cannot hold ours in May in accordance with the National calendar.” Other events for this year’s celebration include a new Vietnamese iced coffee fundraiser hosted by the Vietnamese Student Association on Nov. 6 to raise money for Blue Dragon, an organization that fights to end human trafficking in Vietnam, according to VSA Director of Public Relations Megan Huynh (NHS ’22). The group will also host a Vietnamese Language Dinner on Nov. 15, where students can eat traditional Vietnamese food while learning Vietnamese vocabulary. Additional programming for API Heritage Month includes Club Filipino’s Barrio Fiesta on Nov. 9 and AASA’s Asian Diversity Dialogue Conference on Nov. 10. Rangila, South Asian Society’s annual dance showcase, will be one of the closing events of API Heritage Month on Nov. 22 and 23. Rangila, which is the largest student-run dance showcase at Georgetown, represents how Georgetown can support South Asian communities, according to SAS President Saumya Shruti (COL ’20). “Although Georgetown is a predominantly white institution (PWI), I have always seen Georgetown through the lens of diversity,” Shruti wrote in an email to The Hoya. “To have the largest student run showcase be that of South Asian culture and one that is dedicated to supporting South Asian communities both in Georgetown and also in South Asia through its philanthropy efforts is a sight no where else to be found.”

ANNA FERRAZZI Special to The Hoya

This year’s annual Jesuit Heritage Month includes an event honoring the 30th anniversary of the murders of six Jesuits and two associated lay people at the University of Central America in El Salvador as well as weekly prayer services and lectures to promote Jesuit values among students, faculty and staff. The annual Jesuit Heritage Month will run programming on campus throughout the month of November. The keynote event, “Remembering the Jesuit Martyrs 30 Years Later: A Conversation with Congressman Jim McGovern and Fr. Matt Carnes, S.J.,” was hosted Nov. 6 by Carnes, the director of the Center for Latin American Studies, and McGovern (D-Mass.). McGovern was involved in the Congressional Moakley Commision, a special Congressional panel led by Joe Moakley (D- Mass.), which investigated the deaths in El Salvador in 1989. The Congressional Moakley Commision found the Jesuit murders were committed by the American-backed Salvadoran military, according to the event’s description. The event reflected the University of Central America Jesuits’ commitment to standing up to the Salvadoran military and featured discussion on Georgetown University’s role in bringing attention to human rights issues in El Salvador, according to Carnes. “The commitment of the Jesuits at the University of Central America to challenge the oppression and violence of the regime, and to work for peace and justice, continues to inspire us today,” Carnes wrote in an email to The Hoya. “Georgetown played an integral role in raising awareness about the atrocities committed in El Salvador.” Jesuits in El Salvador were advocates for a negotiated settlement between the Salvadoran government and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, a guerilla group that opposed the government during the Salvadoran Civil War, according to a UN Truth Commission re-


Programming for Jesuit Heritage Month includes weekly prayer services and lectures to promote Jesuit values in the Georgetown community. port. The Salvadoran military considered the Jesuits at the University of Central America as being allied and supportive of FMNL operations, and that affiliation with the FMNL rebels made them a target of the Salvadoran military, according to the report. McGovern worked with Fr. Charlie Currie, S.J., who led the Georgetown response that brought awareness to the murders, during the time of the investigation. This event aligned with the month’s goal of highlighting Jesuit and Ignatian values in daily life and work, according to Director of Ignatian Programs Rev. Jerry Hayes, S.J. “The theme of remembering the martyrs and their legacy is threaded through many of our events this month, and we hope that members of our community who attend them will deepen their understanding of how our Jesuit and Ignatian values can animate one’s life and one’s work,” Hayes wrote in an email to The Hoya. Jesuit Heritage Month will also include an installment of the Faith and Culture Lecture Series, featuring professor of English Carolyn Forché in an event titled “What You Have Heard Is True: A Memoir of Witness and Resistance” on Nov. 18. A Dahlgren Chapel Sacred Lecture titled “Ignatius and Companions: Their

Quiet Revolutions” and led by Rev. John O’Malley, S.J., will occur Nov. 20. As well as larger lectures and events, multiple smaller events will take place. Weekly Examens, a fundamental prayer of St. Ignatius, will occur on each Wednesday of Jesuit Heritage Month in Dahlgren Chapel, according to Hayes. “Each week we are hosting an Examen, which is the foundational prayer of St. Ignatius (founder of the Jesuits) and his spiritual practice, in order to give members of the community time to reflect-an essential component of our values here at Georgetown as contemplatives in action,” Hayes wrote. Jesuit Heritage Month programming provides the Georgetown community the opportunity to dig deeper into Jesuit history and reflect on the role of Ignatian values in daily life, University President John J. DeGioia (CAS ’79, GRD ’95) wrote in a campuswide email. “These events, among others, are hosted in collaboration with faculty, student groups, and departments across our campus and provide an opportunity for our community to engage with our Ignatian heritage, reflect deeply on the commitments and values that animate the mission of our University,” DeGioia wrote.

2nd Annual WERC Summit Speakers Address Mental Underscores Intersectionality Health Resource Inclusivity CLARA GRUDBERG Hoya Staff Writer

Presenters and participants at the second annual Working to End Rape Culture Summit highlighted the importance of taking an intersectional approach to sexual misconduct prevention and advocacy Nov. 2. Participants from Georgetown University and across Washington, D.C., attended the daylong summit, listening to lectures and participating in breakout sessions about the different factors of sexual assault and misconduct. The Georgetown University Sexual Assault Peer Educators, which facilitates student education on sexual assault, hosted the conference held in the Intercultural Center. The summit underscored the ways rape culture and sexual misconduct affect marginalized communities, according to WERC Summit Fundraising and Partnerships Chair Morgan Robinson (NHS ’20). “One of the main things that we talked about over the summer when we began the planning process was having the WERC Summit not cater to, but specifically emphasize marginalized communities and how survivorship is impacted and what it looks like within those communities,” Robinson said in an interview with The Hoya. The summit’s organizers wanted to draw attendees already active in sexual misconduct prevention advocacy and non-activists who value eliminating campus sexual misconduct, according to WERC Summit Logistics Chair Sinclair Blue (SFS ’20). “People who are doing the work are already really committed and tend to know a lot, but how do we target your everyday Georgetown student who might not nec-

essarily be a sexual assault activist, but would if they were equipped to?” Blue said in an interview with The Hoya. The summit’s keynote speaker was Sameera Qureshi, the director of sexuality education and training at HEART Women & Girls, an organization that promotes sexual health and confronts sexual violence in the Muslim community, according to its mission statement.

“We usually talk about sexual and relationship violence and not as much about the way that it applies to discrimination.” ALEX STEITZ WERC attendee from Goucher College

During her talk, Qureshi highlighted how sexual abuse can go unaddressed in marginalized communities, citing the results of the 2019 Campus Climate Survey on Sexual Assault and Misconduct, noting the low 39% response rate. “Who is responding to the survey? And, for me to give time and energy to a survey, I’m going to believe that I’m invested in the cause, that I think the institution represents me and what I need and that I trust the institution to do something with my answers,” Qureshi said in her speech. “If we think about this 39%, I’m going to think that they are probably the most privileged part of this campus, those who see themselves represented by the institution and those who feel like they’ll do something if they are harmed.” Although students independently advocate to combat

sexual assault, Georgetown has not provided adequate resources for activists and survivors, according to Blue. “Students are leading a lot of this work, but the university has the responsibility to support students and also to support staff,” Blue said. After a yearlong search for a Title IX coordinator, the university named former Title IX investigator Samantha Berner as coordinator in July. Berner’s promotion vacated the investigator role, and the university has not filled the position, although it is actively seeking applicants. Student attendees came from universities throughout the D.C.-Maryland-Virginia area to learn more about how to curtail rape culture on college campuses, including Reah Vasilakopoulos, a senior at Johns Hopkins University who is active in student sexual abuse prevention. “I particularly came to this conference to navigate that line between intervention and more root cause structural change,” Vasilakopoulos said in an interview with The Hoya. Other attendees said the breakout sessions introduced them to facets of rape culture that are not as commonly talked about. Alex Steitz, a junior at Goucher College, attended the breakout session “Queer Students & Title IX: Know Your Rights.” “I really liked the workshop that I went to about Title IX rights for LGBTQ students and what those rights have looked like, what they are potentially going to look like and what they are currently looking like; it was really informative and interesting,” Steitz said in an interview with The Hoya. “When we talk about Title IX, we usually talk about sexual and relationship violence and not as much about the way that it applies to discrimination.”

YALDA ZARRABI Special to The Hoya

The Steve Fund, an organization advocating for mental health support for people of color, held its Young, Gifted & Advancing Conference at Georgetown University on Nov. 1 to discuss how to address challenges in addressing the mental well-being of students of color on college campuses. The daylong conference, which included a keynote session and two breakout sessions, focused on the role of institutions and peer relationships in creating inclusive environments for supporting university students of color affected by mental health issues. The conference, which was organized through the Office of the President, held several panels ranging in topics from the role of faculty in supporting mental health to the influence of intersectional identities on mental well-being. Microaggressions, which are unintentional or intentional phrases that send a derogatory message, are mental health obstacles students of color face while navigating their college experiences, according to panelist and associate professor of nursing Edilma Yearwood. “I think racial bias across one or more environments serve as microaggressions, which over time is caustic and detrimental to health, self-esteem and self-confidence,” Yearwood wrote in an email to The Hoya. “Marinating in these feelings over time creates doubt and wears down any initial excitement and hope of success in college, especially in primarily white environments.” The Young, Gifted & Advancing Conference was the seventh conference in the Steve Fund’s Young, Gifted & @Risk series and the first to be held at Georgetown.

The series will also include conferences in the fall at the University of Michigan and the City University of New York. Attendees received a pamphlet at the conference titled “The Equity in Mental Health Framework,” which lists 10 strategies to bridge the gap between students of color and mental health services. The strategies include recruiting and training a diverse body of faculty, offering workshops on mental health services and creating discussion groups dedicated to promoting mental wellbeing resources for students. The Equity in Mental Health Framework provides leaders and allies with strategies to better provide equitable access to resources for college students, according to Deidra Dain, senior advisor for programs for The Steve Fund. “University leaders and stakeholders can use it to make proactive decisions – based on their unique campus needs and conditions – to improve racial climate, prioritize student mental and emotional health, and foster a thriving learning environment,” Dain wrote in an email to The Hoya. In addition to the breakout sessions, the conference also included keynote speakers Sherry Molock, associate professor of clinical psychology at The George Washington University, and David Rivera, associate professor at Queens College, City University of New York. Molock and Rivera spoke in a session titled “Macro and Micro Climates: Challenges to and Protectors of Mental Health for Students of Color.” The conference highlighted the importance of recognizing the distinct barriers marginalized groups face to accessing mental health treatment, such as provider bias and stigma, according to

conference panelist and LGBTQ Resource Center Director Shiva Subbaraman. “Many students who face mental health challenges also face further barriers to access and to belonging if they come from other marginalized identities,” Subbaraman wrote in an email to The Hoya. “We all have a right to be taken seriously; to be validated; to be seen; to feel secure; and to feel engaged.” At Georgetown, the university’s Counseling and Psychiatric Services offer individual services, group therapy and workshops to the student body. In 2018, the university contributed $10,000 toward a student-run pilot program of off-campus therapy stipends for students demonstrating financial need. While the university has made efforts to improve mental health resources through CAPS, faculty engagement with programming needs to increase, according to conference panelist and Georgetown associate professor of biology Heidi Elmendorf. “My critique of the current situation is simple, though not easy,” Elmendorf wrote in an email to The Hoya. “We need to ensure that more faculty take part in the programs we already offer, that we incorporate participation into our expectations of faculty.” The Office of the President’s sponsorship of the conference brings hope to the idea that the issues students of color face at Georgetown will be properly addressed in the future, Subbaraman wrote. “I think the day-long conference both highlighted the enormity and prevalence of this issue across the country; and since it was held in conjunction with the Office of the President, we hope this will bring a lot of more understanding,” Subbaraman wrote in an email to The Hoya.





Religious Groups Should Discuss Republican Speakers Encourage LGBTQ Issues, Panelists Say Bipartisanship on Climate Change KELLY ANDERSON Hoya Staff Writer

Religious communities inadequately confront sexuality, alienating their members, students and religious leaders said at a Nov. 6 panel hosted by the LGBTQ Resource Center and Campus Ministry. The event, “Desire, Pleasure, & Faith: A Conversation,” featured the Director for Dharmic Life Brahmachari Sharan and Senior Research Fellow at the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs Jerry McGlone S.J. Students Mariah Johnson (COL ’21) and Saisha Mediratta (SFS ’20) shared their perspectives on sexuality, abstinence and chastity in the Healey Family Student Center Herman Meeting Room. The event was a part of OUTober, a month-long set of programs sponsored by the LGBTQ Center during LGBTQ History month in October and November. Other events coordinated with Campus Ministry included a tea with Campus Ministry chaplains on Oct. 1 and a Mass of Belonging held at Dahlgren Chapel on Oct. 20. Mediratta, whose family is Punjabi, said that early cultural experiences shaped her understanding of sexuality. “Growing up we did not talk about sex, pleasure, the in-between, or even really dating,” Mediratta said. “My deepest struggle with navigating a journey around my life, my body and my choices is my very Indian family where faith, tradition and culture are so deeply intertwined, but it was self-policing in a tradition where we do not talk about these issues openly yet obsess over them covertly.”

Dharmic traditions, which include religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, have a wide range of beliefs and teachings on sex. Those beliefs have changed throughout history because of colonial influences and changing social norms in South Asia, according to Sharan. Johnson, who was raised Catholic, did not engage in conversations about sexuality with family and was encouraged to practice abstinence throughout childhood, Johnson said. “I didn’t really process what I was taught about abstinence and dating super deeply throughout adolescence but these views did stay with me, largely unquestioned, until college,” Johnson said. “When I started to learn more and more about myself here at Georgetown I started to question more and more why I believed so strongly in abstinence.” Catholic doctrine teaches that marriage is exclusively between a man and a woman and that sex should only take place within marriage with the ultimate purpose of having children. The rigidity of the Catholic church’s teachings on sexuality felt alienating because of Johnson’s identity as a queer person, she said. “Because being queer excluded me from the church in so many ways, I no longer felt like I was beholden to the doctrine of the church and, as a result, all of the church’s beliefs about abstinence no longer felt like they applied to me,” Johnson said. Rigid Catholic teachings on sexuality present a dilemma for people who support the LGBTQ community, according to McGlone. The struggle

for many Catholics is how to disagree thoughtfully with the aspects of doctrine that one feels are not essential to the faith, McGlone said. The event was organized to facilitate a dialogue between students and religious leaders, according to Shiva Subbaraman, the director of the LGBTQ Resource Center. Provoking discussion around issues of sexuality is especially important for building trust with members of Campus Ministry, Subbaraman said. “Part of the struggle they have as monks and priests is students look at them and they don’t trust them,” Subbaraman said in an interview with The Hoya. “Part of my hope was not only to have the students think through this but to demystify them to say they’re human, they struggle, they have always struggled and it’s okay to ask them these questions or share with them.” Contemporary norms around sexuality have been shaped by antiquated religious teachings, Sharan said. “The way we were socialized was to look at books made expressly for nuns and monks and make people think that was how we were supposed to be, which is ridiculous,” Sharan said. Lack of familial and societal conversations around sex and spirituality can be harmful to well-being, according to McGlone. “We understand the role religion can play in harming individuals but also the possibility of making and supporting health,” McGlone said. “This is not just a faith problem — this is a societal problem if we don’t talk about sexuality in this open and honest way enough.”

HANSEN LIAN Hoya Staff Writer

Republican and bipartisan input belong in conversations on climate change solutions, conservative climate advocates said at a Nov. 7 panel hosted by the Georgetown University College Republicans and Georgetown Institute of Politics and Public Service. The event, “Conservative Solutions: Common Sense on Climate,” held in White-Gravenor Hall, featured four republican panelists who discussed conservative initiatives and solutions to climate change. The speakers proposed solutions to issues like a carbon tax, a fee on the burning of carbon-based fuels, among other free market alternatives to Democratic policies addressing climate change. Ryan Costello, a former Republican Pennsylvania congressman and member of the Climate Solutions Caucus, a bipartisan group in the House of Representatives that explores policy options to address climate change, served as one of the panelists. The Republican Party needs to prioritize working on solutions to climate change to win elections, according to Costello. “For Republicans to maintain its space in our two-party system, we need an environmental agenda,” Costello said. “If we’re not out in front with a climate solution — and climate is a top one, two, three issue for a voter — even if you are aligned with the Republican party, you may well not vote Republican because you don’t see the Republican party offering solutions to the significant issues of this time.” Policymakers need to create bipartisan solutions to successfully address climate change, according to Costello. “If it’s just one party doing something, those solutions tend

not to be durable,” Costello said. “They tend to be politicized; it’s very difficult to get something through really transformational unless you get buy in from both political parties.” Other panelists included Jim Tolbert, conservative outreach director of Citizens Climate Lobby; Nick Lindquist, national policy director at the American Conservation Coalition; and Alex Bozmoski (COL ’08), managing director of republicEN, a conservative group supporting efforts to reduce the risk of climate change. The event was organized in association with the American Conservation Coalition, a group that educates conservative individuals on environmental issues, the Citizens Climate Lobby, a group that facilitates dialogue with elected representatives to form environmental policies, and Students for Carbon Dividends, a bipartisan group dedicated to creating policies to solve climate change. Certain democratic proposals such as the Green New Deal, a congressional resolution to address climate change, are not optimal plans to solve the climate crisis, according to Bozmoski. Without an alternative, however, the Green New Deal will continue to gain popularity, Bozmoski said. “When this country has decided that it wants something, in our case, climate action, it will take the only option offered over none at all and if the only thing on the table is the Green New Deal, then buckle up for the Green New Deal,” Bozmoski said. “You should say this is a big problem and conservatives for free enterprise have solutions that are more powerful than the GND.” The carbon tax has received bipartisan support and is a forward-thinking free market solution, Costello said.

“Putting a price on pattern with the revenue derived from that price going back into the pocket of the taxpayer to the tune of about $2,000 for a family of four by my way of thinking isn’t a tax because, number one, we’re not taxing you, we’re putting a price on those who pollute with the revenue going back to the American taxpayer,” Costello said. In opposition to the Climate Forum 2020 held at Georgetown University on Sept. 19 and 20, GUCR hosted a panel of climate scientists and policymakers called “Climate Forum: A Rebuttal,” on Sept. 19. The GUCR event was interrupted by protesters who characterized the invited speakers as climate deniers and skeptics. The Georgetown University Police Department arrived at the event to break up the interrupting demonstrations. At Thursday’s panel, GUPD officers asked students to present their Georgetown identification and conducted bag searches upon entry. GUCR aimed to present students with more viewpoints on climate change through the event, according to GUCR Director of Campus Affairs Dalton Nunamaker (COL ’22). “Tonight was a way for us to recommit to our values of free speech that we hold so dear, that the other side oftentimes doesn’t seem to hold to,” Nunamaker said. “This is a way for us to introduce some really important policy ideas and to have a big debate and discussion.” Several Republicans have been active proponents of climate change solutions as Republican values and environmental activism are not mutually exclusive, according to Lindquist. “I realized I can be a Republican and care about the environment as well, and there are solutions out there that Republicans can advocate for,” Lindquist said.





GU Professor Conducts ANC 2E Endorses 1st-Ever DC Music Census Flavored E-Cig Ban SOPHIE HABER Hoya Staff Writer

The first ever D.C. Music Census results revealed that Washington, D.C.’s community of musicians is over seven times larger than city officials expected. Anna Celenza, Georgetown University professor of music, conducted the census, which aimed to measure D.C.’s music economy, in partnership with D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser’s office and music data specialists. Celenza presented the initial findings of the census at The Music Policy Forum Summit on Oct. 26, an annual summit held at Georgetown to connect musicians, industry leaders and policymakers. There were 2,661 D.C. residents with a professional interest in music who took the survey, according to Celenza. While city officials believed around 350 musicians resided in the city before conducting the census, the research showed that over 2,500 musicians are based in the city, according to the results obtained by The Hoya. “They spoke up, and we listened,” Celenza wrote in an email to The Hoya. “Their answers provide a wealth of detailed information about who make up the city’s music community and what they need.” The survey was open to the public on the D.C. Music Census Website, but respondents were asked to live in the DMV Metro Area and have a professional interest in music, however. Sixty percent of respondents are musicians, while the other 40% work in the industry in adjacent roles like teaching, advocacy and manufacturing. Over half of these individuals have a primary job outside of music, but 35% do have a music-based career, according to the results. The census data was collected as a part of Bowser’s 202Creates initiative, which aims to promote D.C.’s creative economy. The information will benefit individuals and businesses active in the city’s music economy, according to Chief Communications Officer for the Office of Cable Television, Film, Music and Entertainment

Michael Mitchell. “We hope the information will help the community, and all public and private partners continue further grow the music economy in DC and support the music community to flourish,” Mitchell said in an email to The Hoya. Celenza approached Bowser’s office about conducting a music census in 2017, but the teams did not officially partner until after Celenza received $20,000 for a census of the D.C’s jazz community from the Georgetown Provost’s Office Pilot Grant Program for Faculty Research. The Mayor’s Office then matched the funding and began the DC Music Census project in October of 2018, Celenza wrote. It is not surprising that city officials found the community of musicians to be larger than they expected, according to Tom Meyer, the president of Clyde’s Restaurant Group, which includes local music venues The Hamilton and The Soundry. “I think the music scene in this city is very vibrant,” Meyer said in an interview with The Hoya. “There’s just constantly new talent and new people popping up in town.” The census found that music industry members who participated in focus groups ranked professional and revenue development as a top priority followed by industry development, civic engagement, advocacy and regulatory issues, according to the census. Having watched the local music scene’s evolution, Meyer believes in doing whatever he can to help up-and-coming musicians, he said. “I am profoundly thankful and proud of this town for the amount of talent that’s here,” Meyer said. “It’s really remarkable, and it spans from hip-hop to jazz music to rock and roll to classic rock. There’s a really vibrant blue grass scene here. It really cuts across all genres of music at a really high level.” D.C. is considered the birthplace of go-go music, a subgenre of funk, and had a thriving hardcore punk scene in the 1980s. Musicians like Duke Ellington,

Chuck Brown, Marvin Gaye and the members of Fugazi all called the District home. The large, diverse and engaged community of musicians in the area can enrich the music program at Georgetown, according to Georgetown’s Music Program Director Anthony DelDonna. “We think of Georgetown as belonging to and an expression of the city, so to be able to connect with local professionals helps us to think beyond our work in the classroom and on campus,” DelDonna wrote in an email to The Hoya. “The essence of music is building and connecting communities, therefore it provides another resource for the music program to the benefit of our university and students.” The census provides valuable data about the community of musicians in D.C. and their work, according to DelDonna. “Music is a discipline in which there is constant growth and change as well as interaction,” DelDonna said. “Therefore, the ability to have an understanding of a defined community allows us to think about building bridges whether in the form of collaboration, mentorship, or professional development.” After previously working with local nonprofits and city officials through 202Creates, Celenza noticed a lack of information on D.C.’s music scene and was inspired to launch the census, she wrote. The team that conducted the census is continuing to process the data and complete the final report, Celenza wrote. The results will prompt changes that are advantageous to the city’s music community in the future, she said. “Now that we’ve completed the census, we have a better understanding of who the music people are in DC and what they need,” Celenza wrote. “The census report won’t mark the end of the project, but the beginning. Now that we’ve got the data, we can begin to make some positive changes that will benefit DC’s music community and help it grow.

Local Residents Petition City For Stricter E-Scooter Laws GABRIELLA RAPHAEL Special to The Hoya

A campaign for tougher electric scooter safety laws was reignited by a Georgetown resident this November, organizing with his fellow residents through the new neighborhood listserv. Edward Segal launched the petition and a corresponding website in May demanding that Mayor Muriel Bowser (D) and the D.C. Council pass and enforce laws banning scooters from sidewalks and penalizing riders for unsafe use of scooters, but the petition has only garnered 188 of its 1000 signature goal at the time of publication. Segal, who has lived in Washington, D.C., on and off for 30 years, is currently a public relations consultant, gas safety advocate, public speaker and author. Segal’s concerns and petition center around unsafe and improper usage of the scooters by riders, according to Segal. “I am not against e-scooter riders or drivers. I am against how they are driving dangerously and hazardously and how they are putting the lives and safety of pedestrians and car drivers in jeopardy,” Segal said in an interview with The Hoya. The District Department of Transportation proposed new rules for electric scooters for 2020 in a statement Sept. 25, limiting the number of companies authorized to operate in the city but ultimately allowing for an increase in the number of devices each company can deploy. The regulations were released for public comment from Sept. 25 to Oct. 30. The new regulations would mean there could be up to 10,000 more scooters in D.C. as soon as January, which

worries residents like Segal. His petition asks the D.C. Council to implement new penalties, including stiff fines for riders who do not wear helmets, use cell phones or wear headphones while riding. Segal also proposed a $100 fine for every rider who leaves their electric scooter in an unsafe place on sidewalks or streets, according to the petition. Bikes and scooters are already barred from sidewalks in D.C.’s downtown central business district around the White House, but Segal wants this rule to extend throughout the rest of the city, too. Segal noted that Georgetown’s brick sidewalks and cobblestone streets make for unsafe riding. “Our infrastructure is bad enough as it is and is not conducive to new technologies,” he said. “Some of the sidewalks are uneven, they are barely safe to walk on. I see people tripping all the time, and then to ride an electric vehicle on top of that — it’s adding danger upon danger upon danger, and it’s simply not safe.” Other District residents outside of Georgetown are concerned about scooter safety as well. D.C. Councilmember Mary Cheh (D-Ward 3) chaired a D.C. Council hearing Nov. 4 on dockless vehicles. The hearing addressed electric scooter regulation and safety in the city and expanded on the Electric Mobility Devices Amendment Act of 2019 introduced by Cheh and other councilmembers June 25. During the hearing, Cheh confirmed that a proposed ban on overnight electric scooter use from 10 p.m. to 4 a.m. would be taken off the table after advocates argued for the importance of latenight dockless vehicle usage.

Cheh has spearheaded a project to add parking spots for scooters across D.C. to keep sidewalks clear, which gained funding this fiscal year beginning in October 2019. Cheh agreed with Segal that scooters pose a public safety hazard when left on sidewalks. “This legislation is a broad and comprehensive approach to establishing common sense electric scooter and electric bike rules that will help keep our streets and sidewalks safe while also enabling these services to continue to operate in the District,” Cheh wrote in an email to The Hoya. Electric scooters were first introduced in spring 2018, making D.C. one of the first U.S. cities to allow the dockless vehicles. Scooter usage in the city has increased in the past year, with nearly one in six residents having used them in the past year, according to The Washington Post. The newness and widespread use of scooters necessitated legislation, according to Cheh. “We have established bike culture in the District, but, because this technology is relatively new, we don’t have a safe electric scooter culture—resulting in many users neglecting to follow important safety rules,” Cheh wrote. Segal advocated for more severe consequences for reckless riders. “They should be arrested or taken in,” Segal said. “I’m for anything that will improve the environment, lessen the carbon footprint and make it more easy and convenient for people to get around the city but not at the expense of the safety of pedestrians and drivers.”

CLARA GRUDBERG Hoya Staff Writer

Advisory Neighborhood Commission 2E unanimously passed a motion urging the Council of the District of Columbia to ban the sale of flavored electronic smoking devices at its monthly meeting Nov. 4. ANC 2E, a local government body of elected officials, represents Georgetown, and two students serve as commissioners. Commissioner Matias Burdman (COL ’21) introduced the motion endorsing the passage of D.C. Council Bill B230453, the “Flavored Electronic Smoking Device Prohibition Amendment Act of 2019,” which is still under council review. The legislation would ban the sale of all flavors of ecigarettes except tobacco and menthol. Burdman drafted the motion after being contacted by Flavor Hooks Kids DC, a coalition of organizations including MedStar Georgetown University Hospital that lobbies against e-cigarette sales. The bill aims to protect children, in particular, according to Burdman. “I think this is important to do and push through to the D.C. Council because you have children getting addicted to this,” Burdman said in an interview with The Hoya. “They are using nicotine in a way that affects their brains, and in a way where they literally cannot lose, or it’s very difficult for them to lose, their dependency afterwards.” The rise of vaping among young people is in part due to the attractiveness of flavored products, according to D.C. Councilmember Mary Cheh (DWard 3). “Over the past few years, e-cigarette use has exploded among young people and continues to rise at an exponential pace,” Cheh wrote in an email to The Hoya. “The e-cigarette industry has built this youth market by targeting children through advertising and widely available flavored products—taking a note from the playbook of the closely-aligned tobacco industry.”

In August, U.S. health officials announced that they were investigating over 90 cases of severe lung illnesses associated with vaping, which has skyrocketed among teens and young adults and in recent years. In 2018, 37% of 12th graders reported having vaped in the past year, compared to 28% the year prior, according to a survey conducted by the National Institutes of Health.

“I think this is important to do and push through to the D.C. Council because you have children getting addicted to this.” MATIAS BURDMAN (COL ’21) ANC 2E commissioner

Cheh introduced the bill in the D.C. Council, which is cosponsored by Councilmember Trayon White (D-Ward 8), on Sept. 17 along with nine other councilmembers, including Jack Evans (D-Ward 2), whose ward includes the Georgetown neighborhood. Although many people, students included, may not be pleased with a ban, the benefits outweigh the costs, according to Burdman. “Georgetown students, or anyone who’s looking for those products, would not be able to buy one within the District of Columbia,” Burdman said. “Obviously not everyone’s going to be really happy with that, but I think overall it’s a balancing act.” For Burdman, public health must be weighed against consumers’ demands. “The question you have to balance is the public health benefits of introducing this legislation and then at the same time the negative effect,” Burdman said. “I think that in this case, given the fact that it’s reached epidemic proportions in children, literally, I think that it’s in my view at least simple to

see that something should be done.” Although the issue is relevant for college students, the potential ban is focused on eradicating the use of e-cigarettes among middle and high schoolers. Local parents’ concerns about children becoming addicted was a motivating factor in passing the motion, according to ANC 2E Commissioner Kishan Putta. “As an ANC commissioner I represent two public schools, Hardy Middle School and the Duke Ellington School of the Arts, and the parents at both schools are very concerned about this, the health implications of vaping and flavored e-cigarettes,” Putta said in an interview with The Hoya. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, another group lobbying for a ban on e-cigarettes, marched to the White House on Nov. 4 with children and families to deliver a petition urging the ban that garnered over 110,000 signatures, according to The Washington Times. These types of demonstrations are crucial in drumming up support for the ban, according to Putta, who was involved in the march. “The White House, we’re not sure what they’re proposing yet,” Putta said. “We know that they’re under tremendous lobbying from the e-cigarette industry, as is the D.C. Council, which is why it’s important to show that we have numbers. We have grassroots support as well to counteract all the money that is coming in from the other side.” Cheh said the proliferation of stores selling e-cigarettes across Washington, D.C., including near schools, is a result of the products’ popularity. Inaction by the federal government on the issue motivated the D.C. Council to consider a bill prohibiting flavored e-cigarettes, according to Cheh. “The federal government has recently indicated its intent to also ban flavored e-liquids, but we cannot wait for the federal government to act while flavors such as cotton candy and gummy bear e-cigarettes remain on District shelves,” Cheh wrote.

1st DC Hypothermia Alert Issued for Season CURRAN STOCKTON Special to The Hoya

Washington, D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser (D) issued the season’s first hypothermia alert Nov. 1, as the wind chill dropped the temperatures into the low 30s overnight. The city issues hypothermia alerts when either the temperature is forecasted to fall below 32 degrees Fahrenheit — taking wind chill into account — or if it is below 40 degrees Fahrenheit with more than a 50% chance of precipitation, according to the D.C. Department of Human Services. D.C. residents experiencing homelessness are most affected by cold temperatures, so the city opens extra shelters overnight for the duration of a hypothermia alert. Organizations at Georgetown University and in the neighborhood coordinate to assist people at risk in the cold. The Georgetown Ministry Center on Wisconsin Avenue is a day center open to those experiencing homelessness every day. The center looks for long-term solutions, such as connecting them with longer-term stable housing, rather than short-term fixes to homelessness, GMC Interim Executive Director Wanda Pierce wrote in an email to The Hoya. “GMC’s overall mission is to seek lasting solutions to homelessness, one person at a time,” Pierce wrote in an email to The Hoya. Georgetown’s Center for Social Justice Research, Teaching and Service team partners annually with the GMC for the Hypothermia Outreach Team. This team walks through Georgetown on cold winter nights and helps protect those experiencing homelessness from hypothermia by directing them toward safe shelters and distributing blankets. Participation in the outreach team requires attending one of Georgetown’s training sessions which will be offered this November and December. The outreach team operates throughout the hypothermia season from Nov. 1 to March 31.

D.C. designated two public spaces to serve as extra shelter space for the Nov. 1 alert — Malcolm X Opportunity Center on Alabama Avenue SE and Sherwood Recreation Center on 10th Street, NE — opened their doors to accommodate those experiencing homelessness following the Nov. 1 alert, according to DCist. In anticipation of this year’s hypothermia season, the mayor’s office opened a new center downtown where those experiencing homelessness can access critical services during the day, when many other shelters are closed. New York Avenue Presbyterian Church will house the center, which will be managed by the DowntownDC Business Improvement District, according to D.C. Curbed. It will be open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Every year, the D.C. Interagency Council on Homelessness publishes a winter plan to direct city government actions to protect residents during the cold months of the year. The plan highlights the danger posed by hypothermia. Since 2016, there have been eight hypothermia deaths among people experienc-

ing homelessness, the report said. The temperatures were low on Nov. 1 and will only continue to fall. The coldest temperatures yet this season are expected to hit the District on Nov. 8, according to National Weather Service Meteorologist Andrew Snyder. “The first really cold night, probably one of the coldest nights of the fall season so far, will be Friday night, with fairly widespread temperatures in the low 20s,” Snyder said in an interview with The Hoya. “Overall, very cold for this time of year. For reference, the average low temperature for this time of year is 44 degrees.” Georgetown students can help aid those experiencing homelessness during the winter by training and walking with the outreach team or by bringing various donations to the Center for Social Justice in Suite 130 of Poulton Hall. Donations can include new socks, gloves, winter hats, scarves, unopened emergency blankets, hand warmers and nonexpired, prepackaged granola bars, according to the Georgetown Homelessness Outreach, Meals and Education Program.


The Center for Social Justice partners annually with the Georgetown Ministry Center to create the Hypothermia Outreach Team.







Georgetown Drops Home GU Finishes Regular Season Battle With Colgate, 24-14 With Victory Over Red Storm AUSTIN BARISH Hoya Staff Writer

Georgetown lost 24-14 to Colgate on Saturday, putting their chances of finishing atop the Patriot League in serious jeopardy. Georgetown (5-4, 1-3 Patriot League) entered the Nov. 2 game after a 27-24 loss to Lehigh (4-4, 3-1 Patriot League) on the road. The match was Georgetown’s third Patriot League game of the season, giving them a record of 1-2. In order to match their Patriot League record of 4-2 from last season, the Hoyas would have had to run the table. Colgate (2-8, 1-3 Patriot League) entered the game at 1-8 in what has been a down year. Their poor record left the Raiders with nothing to lose, allowing them to experiment and run some unorthodox offensive sets that would eventually help lift them over the Blue and Gray. Georgetown came out of the gates strong, forcing a three and out following a 9-yard sack on third down from junior linebacker George Ikott. The sack would be one of four firsthalf sacks for the Hoyas. On the following possession, Georgetown ran a triple option on third and one, resulting in a 58-yard run for senior quarterback Gunther Johnson, but the play was called back because of a holding penalty. Georgetown continued to struggle with penalties throughout the game, racking up seven in total, with many of them coming at some of the worst possible times, negating long offensive plays and gifting the Colgate offense several first downs. After the game, Head Coach Rob Sgarlata said that the penalties were largely due to toughness and recognized that they did in

fact consistently occur at inopportune times. “Some of [the penalties] were toughness penalties. When you’re playing hard it happens,” Sgarlata said. “If you’re going to run the ball well you’re going to have some penalties. The issue is if you can overcome the first and 20 or if those turn into three and outs.” After exchanging punts, Georgetown started its final drive of the first quarter in a great field position as a result of its outstanding pass rush. Starting from the Raiders’ 40yard line, the Hoyas ran the ball three straight times, including running the same triple-option from earlier on third down, before failing to convert on fourth and five from the brink of field goal range. Both offenses finally put points on the board in the second quarter. Colgate put together the first real drive of the game before missing a 41-yard field goal. Georgetown then drove down the field, spurred by a contested catch by senior tight end Isaac Schley on a throw that Johnson made moments before getting crushed by a defender who had made his way through the offensive line. Johnson scored the first touchdown of the game on a 28-yard quarterback draw. Colgate came back to score a touchdown of their own. On a fourth and one from the Hoyas’ 27-yard line, the Raiders snapped the ball to tight end Nick Diaco out of the Wildcat who sprinted past the Georgetown linebacking core and through the secondary for a touchdown. After the game, Sgarlata was proud of the drive his team was able to put together at the end of the first half despite the fact that it did not lead to any points due to a missed 48-yard

field goal. Subsequently, Colgate failed to get a drive going, leading to Georgetown’s taking a knee to go to half. Colgate took control in the second half, forcing and recovering a fumble on Georgetown’s first possession. The Hoyas were able to force a turnover on downs, but the defense was right back on the field after another fumble; this time it resulted in three points for the Raiders. Sgarlata thought the turnover is what derailed the Hoyas’ chances of victory. “Against a good football team, which is all you see in this league, you can’t turn the ball over,” Sgarlata said. “Otherwise, it’s a pretty even football game. Statistically, it was, but the results weren’t.” Following a Georgetown three and out and a 39-yard punt return, Colgate scored another field goal, extending their lead to two possessions as the scoreboard read 17-7. Both teams then had a few unsuccessful drives before Colgate started in great field position after another great punt return and a personal foul against Georgetown. Starting at the Hoyas’ 14, the Raiders scored a touchdown against a tired defense, making it a three-possession game. Georgetown kept it interesting. Following a 64-yard catch by senior wide receiver Michael Dereus, it brought the final score to 24-14 on a 7-yard touchdown pass. Georgetown has the next week off before facing Bucknell (1-7, 1-2 Patriot League) on the road in Lewisburg, Pa., on Nov. 16. The Hoyas are one win away from their first winning season since 2011, as two games remain on their 2019 slate.


Hoyas End Season With Win Over Sacred Heart After Loss KELTON MILLER Hoya Staff Writer

The Georgetown University field hockey team lost 5-0 on the road to the University of Connecticut on Friday, Nov. 1, before defeating Sacred Heart University in Connecticut 2-0 to finish out their season at 6-13 and 1-6 in Big East conference play Sunday, Nov. 3. Georgetown (6-13, 1-6 Big East) played powerhouse UConn (16-3, 7-0 Big East) away in Storrs, Conn., on Friday, Nov. 1, and suffered defeat by a final score of 0-5,marking the 10th consecutive loss for the Hoyas. This loss came at the hands of the Huskies, the toughest team on Georgetown’s schedule this year, with UConn being the team at the top of the Big East standings throughout the season. The Huskies entered the game looking to remain undefeated in conference competition and maintain momentum going into the conference semifinals Friday, Nov. 8. The Hoyas entered this trip to Connecticut on a nine-game losing streak that had derailed any post-

season hopes for the team. The game started with an early chance from Georgetown senior Michaela Bruno, who nearly scored in the first minute of the game. This shot turned out to be one of the Hoyas’ closest chances at a goal for the whole game as they only managed to attempt two more shots, one by Bruno and one by junior forward Cami Osborne. The Huskies, meanwhile, swarmed the Georgetown goal with 21 shots, 12 of which were on target as the Hoyas were unable to muster any substantial progress downfield to clear the ball from the Hoyas’ defensive zone. To sophomore goalkeeper Ciara Weets’ credit, she saved an impressive seven shots, bringing her season total up to 84 saves in the Georgetown net after a strong first half in which she only allowed one goal to the dominant Husky offense. The Hoyas’ game against Sacred Heart, their last of the season, in Fairfield, Conn., finally broke their 10-game losing streak, ending the season on a victory. The game finished with a shutout at 2-0 Sunday, Nov. 3.

Senior back Emily Fraser scored her first goal of the season in the final game of her illustrious career on the Hilltop, having started 12 of 14 matches on the back end for the Hoyas, on a penalty stroke in the fifth minute. In the second quarter, Bruno went on the offensive and attempted three shots before finally finding the back of the net near the end of the second quarter. The Hoyas were able to hold Sacred Heart to just one shot in the second half, cementing their final victory of the season. In the matchup with Sacred Heart, Weets made 5 saves to increase her total to 89 on the year, the highest total in the Big East. Georgetown did a much better job of building a substantial offensive attack this game than they did against UConn, as the Hoyas took 11 shots to Huskies’ five. The Hoyas are now looking to the next season as they aim to take the positives from this season and build into the next. They will be looking to improve their conference placement since finishing last behind Villanova going into the offseason.


Senior attacker Michaela Bruno takes the ball up the left sideline in a recent match for the Hoyas. Bruno scored a key goal in Georgetown’s season-ending victory over Sacred Heart.


In the 93rd minute of play, senior forward Paula GerminoWatnick lined up the ball on the penalty spot after the St. John’s defense took down sophomore defender Jenna Royson in the box to draw a foul. With the blow of the whistle, Germino-Watnick struck the ball and slotted it past the St. John’s keeper, earning her third goal on the day and propelling the Hoyas to their final victory of the regular season. St. John’s (5-12-1, 2-6-1 Big East) challenged 19th-ranked Georgetown (12-3-3, 6-1-2 Big East) early with a goal in the third minute of the Oct. 31 match at Shaw Field. The Red Storm offense struck first with junior forward and lead scorer Zsani Kajan positioned up top as she broke through the Hoyas’ defense and powered the ball past freshman keeper Anna Leat. This shot came directly after Leat had come out of the net in an attempt to shut down the play before the Red Storm could muster a shot on goal. Despite the early 1-0 deficit, the Blue and Gray dominated possession in the successive 15 minutes before evening the score in the 17th minute. The equalizer came from a shot by Germino-Watnick from outside the box that found the top left corner of the net. The Red Storm countered with some opportunities on through-balls to players up top, but they were ultimately shut down by the Hoyas’ defense. Georgetown continued its offensive pressure, sending players into the box with hopes of landing a go-ahead goal. In the 22nd minute, senior forward Casey Richards sent in a low corner that prompted a scramble in the box with junior defender Kelly Ann Livingstone, eventually sending the ball toward the goal, but it was cleared out of bounds by the St. John’s keeper. After several more opportunities, the Hoyas took the lead with an assist from the left side

of the box by graduate forward Amanda Carolan and a onetime finish inside the left post by Germino-Watnick in the 28th minute. The Blue and Gray closed out the half having held the Red Storm to one shot while recording 11 of its own. The beginning of the second half saw less action, with few promising opportunities arising for either team in the first 15 minutes. In the 62nd minute of regulation, St. John’s junior forward Alex Madden, assisted by Kajan, drew Leat off her line and dribbled by the keeper to put away a second goal for the Red Storm, tying up the game for a second time. While the Blue and Gray responded with several more shots and corner kicks in the remainder of regulation, the Hoyas could not find the winning goal in 90 minutes. The teams headed into overtime knotted at two, each searching for a golden goal to conclude their regular season with a win. It took Georgetown only three minutes to close out the game, with Germino-Watnick’s finish off of a penalty kick completing her first career hat trick. Overall, Georgetown tallied 16 shots with six on goal to St. John’s two shots on goal. The Hoyas also topped the Red Storm in corner kicks 14-0 on the day. Germino-Watnick’s five shots and three goals on the day earned her recognition as the Big East Offensive Player of the Week. Germino-Watnick now has nine goals and eight assists on the season and sits in second place on the team with 26 overall points. Head Coach Dave Nolan spoke after the victory about St. John’s early goal and his team’s response to being down early against the Red Storm, an opponent that the Hoyas expected to win without nearly this much trouble. “It was a strange kind of game. It was a game we probably should have won comfortably, but they've got a very special player [Zsani Kajan] up front

and she's a handful. We had prepared for her all week, we just didn't do a good job on her. She got us early in the first couple minutes of the game where we bit and she saw the double team coming and played out of it and got the ball back and finished it really well,” Nolan said. Although the Hoya defense conceded a goal early, Nolan expressed satisfaction with his team’s response to the Red Storm’s pair of goals. “Give our kids credit. They kept going,” Nolan said. “We asked for someone to step up and make an intelligent play because I felt we were getting a little bit hopeful and frantic towards the end of regulation… Jenna [Royson] got on it and made a great move inside and the only option the kid had was to take her down. Then Paula had the calmness and the coolness to put it away for a hat trick.” With the close of the season, the Hoyas have received numerous honors for their performances in 2019. GerminoWatnick secured the title of Big East Midfielder of the Year and senior defender Meaghan Nally earned the title of Big East Defensive Player of the Year for a second consecutive year. Germino-Watnick, Nally and Carolan were also named to the All-Big East First Team, Leat and Royson were named to the AllBig East Second Team, and Leat and freshman midfielder Julia Leas were selected for the Big East All-Freshman Team. The Blue and Gray now look to defend its Big East title for the fourth year in a row as it heads into the tournament. “We are excited to still be playing and we're excited we got this game under our belt and we're excited we got the bye so we can rest up a little bit and start to catch our breath,” Nolan said. With the win, Georgetown earns the second seed in the Big East tournament and will begin semifinal play on Thursday, Nov. 7 in Omaha, Neb., against Providence. Kick-off is slated for 8:30 p.m. EST.


NHL Defensemen Receive Long Contracts Despite Data

Maddy Welch Last week, the Nashville Predators signed star defenseman Roman Josi to a $72 million contract for the maximum duration, eight years, which breaks down to around $9 million per year. This contract makes him the thirdhighest paid defenseman in the league. Josi is an excellent player on a consistently good team, offensively competent and highly skilled. But here is the kicker: He is almost 30 years old, an age that for years has stood as the milestone at which athletes begin losing their athleticism. While defensemen are incredibly valuable, long-term extensions as players enter their 30s are still a great risk for the teams that sign them. As a Chicago Blackhawks fan myself, I must admit this contract made my eye twitch a little because it bears resemblance with age, value and playing style to arguably the worst contract in the league: Brent Seabrook’s contract with the Blackhawks. At the same age as Josi, he signed to a nearly $7 million per year contract for eight years after the Blackhawks’ most recent Stanley Cup win in 2015. Seabrook has been so terrible that Blackhawks Coach Jeremy Colliton would rather have him watch the game from the press boxthanparticipateinit.Seabrook has been a healthy scratch twice in the last two weeks after a decline in performance. It would be incorrect to suggest Josi faces all of the same challenges Seabrook does. Josi is much more offensively productive, a consistent 50-point player and 15-goal scorer. Seabrook has scored 15 goals in the last three years combined. Seabrook represents the old style of defensemen who are defensively minded,

often big and hard-hitting. Josi represents the new school of defensemen who depend on offensive kill and skating speed more than ever before. Predators Coach Peter Laviolette has described Nashville’s strategy as “a five-man game in all zones.” Josi has particularly impressive skating skills, which enables him to contribute throughout the offensive and defensive zones as a new-school defenseman. The development of the position has been pioneered by Erik Karlsson, a defenseman who has been near the top of the entire league in scoring so far this season, causing teams across the league to reconsider the deployment of their defensemen. The distinction between defensive and offensive players has become less clear as the game becomes more dynamic and exciting for fans. We have established that if a team is going to reward a defenseman with a generous contract, Josi is an excellent candidate. But the matter of his age remains. When this contract expires, he will be 38. There are only six players that age or older today in the league of around 800 players. Gordie Howe, one of the greatest to ever play, was the oldest to play in the NHL by a mile at age 52. The oldest currently active player is Zdeno Chára at 42, and he signs one-year contracts each year because the Bruins fear his age will finally catch up with him by lack of performance or major injury. These players are exceptions to the rule, however, and history tells us that Josi will likely be in steep decline over the course of the contract, as demonstrated by the regrettable contracts of Milan Lucic, Andrew Ladd, Loui Eriksson and Justin Abdelkader. All of these players are rapidly declining in their 30s and still under contracts that were signed when those players were in their primes. Despite all of the data against these contracts, teams still give them away like Halloween candy. First, there remains a shortage of talented players, and teams want

to bet that old players may show glimmers of their prime years, warranting contracts to elite players extending into players’ late 30s. Furthermore, the NHL salary cap has continuously risen. Nine million dollars today may not seem so expensive tomorrow or in 2028, and the amount will decline as a proportion of the overall salary cap. The cap has increased from $39 million in the 2005-06 season to $81.5 million this season. To put the raise in perspective, it is worth noting this increase is occurring at a much faster rate than inflation, and the cap may not increase forever. The assumption that the cap will rise forever, however, may lead to another lockout in which players and management cannot agree to revenue sharing proportions and the players go on strike, but that is an article for another day. Many of Nashville’s players are growing older, too. They have no rookies currently on the roster and have had the same core players for their last several playoff berths, the most successful of which resulted in a Stanley Cup finals defeat. Even their general manager, David Poile, is reaching retirement age. A real possibility remains, acknowledged by Poile, that this group may have what it takes to go all the way in the next couple of years and that the future can be dealt with at a later date. But the fact remains that the Predators have had plenty of excellent rosters in years past eerily similar to this one that could not get it done. Josi’s contract, although not too exciting in its own right, illuminates the dynamics of age in conjunction with the salary cap, the evolution of the league and the team’s goals. The Predators will almost certainly regret paying Josi $9 million in 2028, but this Blackhawks fan will not be losing any sleep over Nashville’s ill-fated contracts. Maddy Welch is a senior in the School of Foreign Service. ON THIN ICE appears online and in print every other Friday.







GU Ends Regular Akinjo, Yurtseven Lead Hoyas in Comeback Season With Draw MOUNT ST. MARY’S, from A12


placed his diving header into the open net tying the game. Despite having another seven shots following the equalizer, the Hoyas were unable to grab a second goal, and the game went to overtime. Throughout both overtime periods, the Hoyas had a number of efforts on goal but were once again denied by Kruse, who finished the match with nine saves. The draw was enough, however, for Georgetown to clinch the 2019 Big East regular season championship after the lead the Hoyas had built atop the conference table.. Georgetown outshot Creighton 27-11 and had 19 corners to Creighton’s two. Additionally, Nikopolidis made four saves in net for the Hoyas. The Hoyas will enter the Big East tournament as the top seed and will host the semifinal match on Wednesday, Nov. 13, at 1 p.m. on Shaw Field. recorded two more shots before Georgetown responded with its first in the 25th minute. Despite the few opportunities to start the first half, the Hoyas soon found several offensive chances as they recorded seven shots in the first half to the Friars’ four. Scoring broke open shortly after the Hoyas’ first shot, with Carolan finishing off an assist by sophomore forward Boo Jackson in the 28th minute to secure a 1-0 lead. Carolan successfully struck again in the 32nd minute, this time off an assist from Jackson and senior midfielder Carson Nizialek. The pair of goals moved

Carolan into the fourth spot on Georgetown’s all-time scoring list and sent the Hoyas to the locker room with a 2-0 lead at the half. Georgetown attacked the Providence defensive line from the start of the second half. The Hoyas tallied 10 shots in the first 30 minutes before landing a third goal in the 75th minute. Menta received the ball in the box after a shot by Germino-Watnick was deflected by the Providence keeper, passing the ball into the back of the net. Germino-Watnick put the game away with a goal of her own off an assist by Jackson in the 85th minute, leading Georgetown to a 4-0 victory. On the day, the Hoyas recorded 21 total shots, with 14 on net as compared to the Friars’ six, two of which were on frame. The shutout marks Georgetown’s eighth of the season. Moreover, Georgetown has not lost a Big East matchup since 2017, recording its 15th-straight conference victory. Leat earned the titles of Big East Goalkeeper of the Week and Freshman of the Week for her fifth and sixth shutouts of the season, as she has been absolutely instrumental to the team’s success thus far. Carolan and Nally were also recognized on the Weekly Honor Roll for their performances in the Villanova and Providence games. Georgetown returns home Thursday to host Xavier University. The Hoyas faced the Musketeers twice last year, tying 0-0 through double overtime in their first meeting and winning 3-1 in the Big East tournament. Kickoff is scheduled for 3 p.m. at Shaw Field.


Junior midfielder Chris Le launches a pass in a recent home game for the Hoyas. Le has started each of the past three games.

“Not only scoring but also facilitating, stepping up making shots, playing great defense — he played an all-around great game.” The Hoyas came all the way back to tie the game at 56-56 with 10:15 remaining after a threepoint bucket from junior forward Galen Alexander. However, the Mountaineers recaptured the lead and held it for the next five minutes. With 5:01 left, Yurtseven slammed down a dunk and gave Georgetown its first lead since the opening minutes, bringing the Capital One Arena to its feet. From here, the Blue and Gray took advantage of a 16-0 run and continued extending its lead until the final buzzer. In the second half, the Hoyas shot 66% from the floor and made seven of their 11 threepoint attempts. For the game, Georgetown outrebounded Mount St. Mary’s 40-26 on the back of strong performances on the glass from Yurtseven and Pickett. Akinjo felt the team never let down, believing it had a chance to turn the game at any point.

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“We know how talented we are as a team, so when we were down 19, we not once got down on ourselves,” Akinjo said. “Everyone was in the locker room picking each other up, we knew we just had to step it up on the defensive end.” Despite the second-half surge,

Ewing knows the team has work to do going forward. “Last year we could score with anybody, but our defense was our Achilles heel. We talked about picking it up, and it starts with individual defense and then our team defense.” Ewing said. “Tonight, in the first half, it was

nonexistent. We need to continue to work on it.” Georgetown will have a chance to show its progress soon, as it hosts Central Arkansas University (0-1) at noon Saturday, Nov. 9. The game will be televised on MASN2 and can be heard locally on The Team 980 on 95.9 FM.


Georgetown Drops Road Opener 66-52 DAVIDSON, from A12

Tatiana Thompson. Both teams fell into a dry spell, however, to start the quarter, as the teams combined to score just five points in the opening five minutes. Coach Howard later called a timeout to get his team to regroup after the deficit swelled to 15. Despite having the timeout to recover and discuss offensive sets, the Hoyas continued to struggle to find the bottom of the net while Davidson began to find its rhythm. In the final four minutes, the Wildcats tallied nine points to increase the lead to 20. A pair of free throws in the closing seconds before halftime by Wright slightly cut into the lead, making the score 34-16 as both teams entered the locker room. Senior forward Anita Kelava hit a layup on the Hoyas’ opening possession of the third quarter, but Davidson answered right back with a bucket of their own. The teams exchanged points as the period progressed, keeping the difference to 16 after a back-and-forth stretch. Davidson would go on to take as large as a 20-point lead at one point in the third quarter before Thompson answered with a jumper. The Hoyas failed to make a sizeable dent in the Wildcat lead before the quarter was over, but senior guard Marvellous Osagie-Erese’s




Sophomore guard James Akinjo, reigning Big East Freshman of the Year, takes the ball up the court in Wednesday’s 81-68 Georgetown victory over the Mount St. Mary’s Mountaineers.

layup at the buzzer made the score 51-34 as the teams prepared for the fourth quarter. The Blue and Gray made several runs in the fourth quarter to shrink the Davidson lead, but each run was halted by the Wildcats answering with a timely bucket. Sophomore guard Nikola Kovacikova hit a layup to trim the margin to 13 with just over six minutes remaining. On Davidson’s next possession, however, they gathered a big offensive rebound off a missed three and buried the putback. With 4:30 remaining in regulation, graduate guard Brianna Jones checked in and hit a three that tightened the game to 57-43. Once again, though, Davidson collected an offensive rebound and scored on a putback on its next possession to stifle the Hoyas’ momentum. On the next Georgetown offensive possession, Kelava snatched down a rebound off the miss from Kovacikova before being fouled. The senior went to the line, hitting two free throws to cut the lead back down to 14 in the final minutes. Sophomore guard Cassandra Gordon then nailed a jumper, which reduced the lead to 12, the lowest it had been since late in the first half. In response, Davidson came back down on its next two trips and hit back-toback threes, effectively ending

the game by extending its lead to 65-47 with just over two minutes left. A three by Kovacikova proved to be too little, too late as the Hoyas fell 66-52, putting them at 0-1 for the season. Kovacikova, finishing with 12 points, and Kelava, scoring 10 of her own, were the high scorers for Georgetown. Kelava also

grabbed nine rebounds, five of which were offensive, giving the Hoyas extra possessions down the stretch, while Kovacikova pulled down seven boards as well. Georgetown will return to Washington, D.C., for its home opener against the University of Richmond on Tuesday, Nov. 12.


Sophomore guard Nikola Kovacikova drives the ball to the hoop in Georgetown’s loss to Davidson on Tuesday, Nov. 5.


Chelsea’s Hopes Lie on Pulisic’s Shoulders HAMPERS, from A12

Mason Mount. Hudson-Odoi possesses remarkable speed and crossing ability from the wing. This impressive skill set led to three assists in his five appearances this season. Mount has become a regular starter as an attacking midfielder, showcasing his endurance, vision and pressing ability. While other Premier League giants are relying on established stars — the likes of Harry Kane at Tottenham Hotspur and PierreEmerick Aubameyang at Arsenal — Chelsea has relied on a deep pool of young talent to reach a top-four position this season. Chelsea has also produced a fascinating display in the UEFA Champions League, a competition for which the club did not qualify last season. The team battled last year’s semifinalist Ajax Amsterdam to a 1-0 win and a 4-4 comeback draw. Pulisic created a goal in each match, one via assist and the other by winning a penalty in the box. Assuming the team outlasts the group stage, Chelsea could make noise in the unpredictable knockout stage, in which a fortuitous away goal, opposing injury or marginal refereeing decision can make the difference in tight games. Liverpool remains the favorite in the domestic title race, with 10 wins and only one draw heading into a major clash with Manchester City on Sunday. At the moment, Chelsea is unlikely to match Liverpool’s or City’s overall talent and experience in terms of both players and managers, and therefore their overall season production. However, as these youth players develop, Chelsea has the po-

tential to build one of the most dangerous squads in all of Europe. The club’s wealth under billionaire owner Roman Abramovich should allow it to hold onto most of its assets in the coming years. Once the transfer ban is lifted, Chelsea will have ample leverage to gain new acquisitions. This team has already defied expectations this season with an entertaining style of play and it could very well be the beginning of a successful new era. Entering the 2019-20 Premier League campaign, few analysts forecasted Chelsea outperforming other perennial top-four contenders such as Tottenham, Arsenal and Manchester United. While this year’s title remains Liverpool’s to lose, Chelsea has assembled a remarkably talented young squad that has defied expectations this season and reestablished the club as an English heavyweight. In the summer of 2019, Chelsea had little reason for optimism about the future. The team lost its centerpiece in Belgian star Eden Hazard after he announced his transfer to Madrid in June. The club was banned from signing any new players in the summer transfer window or the midseason window due to a breach of FIFA regulations. This restriction left little opportunity to replace the star power lost with Hazard’s departure. These challenging circumstances were combined with the departure of manager Maurizio Sarri, who was replaced by the relatively inexperienced Frank Lampard who had only managed a second-tier English club for one season. Lampard — a club legend who played for Chelsea for 13 years — was tasked with leading one of

the youngest rosters in the league. The most intriguing new asset in Lampard’s arsenal was American sensation Christian Pulisic, who was acquired from Borussia Dortmund before Chelsea’s transfer ban took effect. However, Lampard controversially left the Hershey, Pa. native out of the starting lineup for the first nine league games of the season, arguing that the 21-year-old needed time to adapt. Pulisic flourished after being given the chance, scoring four goals in his first two Premier League starts and perhaps validating Lampard’s strategy. Arguably more promising than Pulisic’s performance was that of 22-year-old English striker Tammy Abraham, who came through Chelsea’s youth academy and debuted at the senior level this season. Abraham has been nothing less than sensational, scoring nine league goals — tied for second-best in the league — and notching two assists in 11 games. The remainder of Chelsea’s roster is full of dynamic players, including 19-year-old Callum Hudson-Odoi and 20-year-old Mason Mount. Hudson-Odoi possesses remarkable speed and crossing ability from the wing. This impressive skill set led to three assists in his five appearances this season. Mount has become a regular starter as an attacking midfielder, showcasing his endurance, vision and pressing ability. While other Premier League giants are relying on established stars — the likes of Harry Kane at Tottenham Hotspur and PierreEmerick Aubameyang at Arsenal — Chelsea has relied on a deep pool of young talent to reach a top-four position this season.

Chelsea has also produced a fascinating display in the UEFA Champions League, a competition for which the club did not qualify last season. The team battled last year’s semifinalist Ajax Amsterdam to a 1-0 win and a 4-4 comeback draw. Pulisic created a goal in each match, one via assist and the other by winning a penalty in the box. Assuming the team outlasts the group stage, Chelsea could make noise in the unpredictable knockout stage, in which a fortuitous away goal, opposing injury or marginal refereeing decision can make the difference in tight games. Liverpool remains the favorite in the domestic title race, with 10 wins and only one draw heading into a major clash with Manchester City on Sunday. At the moment, Chelsea is unlikely to match Liverpool’s or City’s overall talent and experience in terms of both players and managers, and therefore their overall season production. However, as these youth players develop, Chelsea has the potential to build one of the most dangerous squads in all of Europe. The club’s wealth under billionaire owner Roman Abramovich should allow it to hold onto most of its assets in the coming years. Once the transfer ban is lifted, Chelsea will have ample leverage to gain new acquisitions. This team has already defied expectations this season with an entertaining style of play and it could very well be the beginning of a successful new era. Dean Hampers is a senior in the College. FREE KICK appears online and in print every other Friday.


Women’s Basketball Georgetown (0-1) vs. Richmond (1-0) Tuesday, Nov. 12, 7 p.m. McDonough Arena




WOMEN’S SOCCER The Hoyas stormed back to defeat St. John’s 3-2 in overtime to conclude the regular season on a high note.

See A10


Against a good football team, which is all you see in this league, you can’t turn the ball over.” Football Head Coach Rob Sgarlata


Greatest point deficit faced by men’s basketball in its 81-68 victory Wednesday.


Georgetown Drops Hoyas Overcome 19-Point Deficit in Opener Opener on Road MATT SACHS

Hoya Staff Writer


In a tale of two halves, the Georgetown men’s basketball team escaped an opening-night scare versus Mount St. Mary’s University, eventually pulling away for an 81-68 victory. The Hoyas (1-0) came back from a 19-point deficit early in the second half and finished the game on a 20-1 run over the last 6:12 as part of a greater 54-19 run to sink the Mountaineers (0-1). “They woke up; they woke up. I thought that we used our press [well] in the second half,” men’s basketball Head Coach Patrick Ewing (CAS ’85) said in a postgame press conference. Three Hoyas scored in double figures. Sophomore guard James

Akinjo scored 20 points and sophomore guard Mac McClung scored 16 points to pace the backcourt. Senior center Omer Yurtseven finished with 20 points and 12 rebounds on just nine shots in his first game for the Hoyas after sitting all of 2018-19 due to NCAA transfer rules after playing his freshman and sophomore seasons at North Carolina State University. “It felt amazing, to be honest. I mean, we came back from 19. I think that’s a good signal for the team,” Yurtseven said. In the first half, Georgetown shot 30% from the floor and missed nine of its 10 three-point attempts. Going into the break, the Hoyas trailed the Mountaineers 37-25. “While we practice with each

other every day, you can’t simulate a game. A scrimmage — none of that can simulate the intensity of a game,” Akinjo said. “So, I think a little bit of it is coming out and trying to figure everything out.” The game got significantly worse before it got better. Mount St. Mary’s started the second half on a 9-2 run to take a 46-27 lead with 17:26 remaining. Ewing called a timeout, hoping his team could regroup, and instructed his team to start applying a press defense. “In the second half, we woke up, as coach said, and with the press we shifted, and it got us aggressive,” Yurtseven said. “And once we were aggressive, we crash, we run, and it helped us big time.”

Georgetown immediately went on an 8-0 run, capped by a second-chance layup by junior forward Jamorko Pickett. Mount St. Mary’s then responded with a three-pointer to retake a 14-point lead. Georgetown was sparked at that point in the half by last year’s Big East freshman of the year — Akinjo — to get the game back within striking distance. Akinjo scored 11 of the Hoyas’ next 14 points to cut the deficit to seven points with 12 minutes remaining. For the game, Akinjo scored 17 of his 20 points in the second half. “I told [Akinjo] today, I thought that this was one of his best games since he’s been here,” Ewing said. See MOUNT ST. MARY’S, A11

Graduate student guard Brianna Jones looks to pass the ball inside. Jones scored five points on 2-6 shooting against Davidson.

BRENDAN DOLAN Hoya Staff Writer

The Georgetown women’s basketball team tipped off its season on the road in North Carolina on Tuesday against the Davidson University Wildcats, who defeated the Hoyas 66-52. This matchup was Georgetown’s (0-1) first action on the court since its Women’s National Invitation Tournament quarterfinals loss March 31 to James Madison University. After this tournament, Georgetown lost its top three scorers: Dionna White, Dorothy Adomako and Mikayla Venson. The Tuesday night game against Davidson marks the first of 11 nonconference games before the Hoyas begin Big East conference play against Creighton University in late December. The Hoyas opened the game

with a pair of new players in the starting lineup, as freshman forward Graceann Bennett and graduate guard Taylor Barnes began the game on the floor. Both teams battled back and forth at the start of the game, but a pair of Wildcat runs put the Hoyas in an early 2210 deficit. Davidson went on a 7-0 run in the middle of the quarter to create early separation, but Barnes buried a jumper to stop the run. Davidson immediately responded by scoring five straight points to increase its lead to 14. A layup by sophomore forward Shanniah Wright in the final minute cut the Hoya deficit to 12 after the first 10-minute period. The Hoyas struggled to score in the second quarter, managing just six points, four of which came from junior forward See DAVIDSON, A11


Junior forward Galen Alexander drives the ball to the rim in the Hoyas’ Wednesday victory over the Mount St. Mary’s Mountaineers. Alexander finished the game with five points, including a three-point field goal to tie the game, erasing the remains of a 19-point deficit.



GU Clinches Regular Season Title DREW SEWALL Hoya Staff Writer

In its final two regular season games, the No. 3 Georgetown men’s soccer team clinched the Big East regular season title by beating Villanova 2-0 on the road Nov. 2 and drawing Creighton 1-1 on Nov. 6. On Saturday, Nov. 2, the Georgetown Hoyas (14-1-2, 7-0-2 Big East) traveled to Philadelphia to take on the struggling Villanova Wildcats (9-8-1, 2-6-1 Big East). Despite coming into the game in last place within the Big East, the Wildcats started strong with a few decent opportunities on goal. In the sixth minute, an effort from Villanova midfielder Evan Vare after a quick give-andgo forced freshman goalkeeper

Tomas Romero into a diving save. Vare had another opportunity early on after another give-andgo, but his shot went just wide of the post. The first shot on net for the Hoyas came in the 14th minute when graduate midfielder Ethan Lochner had his shot on target stopped by Villanova goalkeeper Carson Williams. Minutes later, junior midfielder Jacob Montes had his effort denied by Williams as well. Georgetown finally broke the deadlock in the 27th minute after sophomore midfielder Sean Zawadzki was taken down in the box, which resulted in a scoring penalty kick. Junior forward Derek Dodson stepped up to the spot and scored his seventh goal of the season. From that goal, Georgetown


Junior midfielder Jacob Montes plans his next offensive move in a recent home match for the Hoyas on Shaw Field.

began to dominate possession even more so than before as it searched for a second goal. Williams made several key saves, though, that kept the Wildcats in the match. In the 29th minute, Dodson had a good opportunity to score his second goal when Williams misjudged a ball in the box, resulting in the ball being sent over to Dodson. Williams recovered, however, and made a diving save on the goal line to prevent the Hoyas from scoring again. The Hoyas had a flurry of opportunities on target toward the end of the half. Both shots were once again saved by Williams, and the Hoyas went to half leading 1-0. Villanova started the second half strong, like the first, and forced Romero to make a few key saves to preserve Georgetown’s lead. After sustaining over 20 minutes of pressure from the Wildcats to start the half, the Hoyas finally found their insurance goal, courtesy of Montes. From the top of the box, Dodson played the ball to Montes, who played a short ball directly to senior forward Achara about 6 yards out from goal. Achara hit a one-time effort that was cleared away from the line. However, the rebound bounced straight to Montes who buried the chance for his team-leading eighth goal of the season. Georgetown would not relinquish the lead, and the game ended 2-0 with Romero earning the shutout in net after making four big saves. Georgetown then returned home to face the Creighton Bluejays (8-6-2, 4-4-1 Big East) on Wednesday, only needing a draw to clinch the Big East regular season championship. Sophomore goalkeeper Giannis Nikopolidis got the start in net for the Hoyas.

Throughout the first half, Georgetown controlled possession in limiting Creighton to only two shots, one in the 17th minute and one in the 19th minute. On the other end of the pitch, the Hoyas continued to pepper the Bluejays’ net with shots, forcing Creighton goalkeeper Paul Kruse to make some big saves. Kruse denied the Hoyas twice in the first 10 minutes when he saved one shot from senior midfielder Dylan Nealis and another shot from junior midfielder Chris Le. In the 26th minute, Georgetown broke the deadlock after a corner kick. Montes played the corner kick toward the back post, where he found junior defender Sean O’Hearn making a run. O’Hearn headed the ball back across the face of goal to Achara, who completed an easy finish that earned the Hoyas a 1-0 lead. Although the Hoyas had repeated opportunities to add to their lead through the remainder of the half, they were unable to capitalize, with Kruse making a save late in the half to deny sophomore forward Zach Riviere a strong chance on net. The game went to half with Georgetown holding a 1-0 lead. After the break, in the 55th minute, freshman defender Daniel Wu’s header off a corner was cleared off the goal line by a Creighton defender. Despite being outshot by Georgetown throughout the early portion of the second half, Creighton grabbed an equalizer against the run of play. In the 61st minute, Nikopolidis was called into action and made his third save of the game on a Creighton attacker who was in on net. However, the rebound bounced directly to Creighton midfielder Yudai Tashiro, who See VILLANOVA, A11

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Dean Hampers

Pulisic’s Skill Has Chelsea Set For Bright Future Entering the 2019-20 Premier League campaign, few analysts forecasted Chelsea outperforming other perennial top-four contenders such as Tottenham, Arsenal and Manchester United. While this year’s title remains Liverpool’s to lose, Chelsea has assembled a remarkably talented young squad that has defied expectations this season and reestablished the club as an English heavyweight. In the summer of 2019, Chelsea had little reason for optimism about the future. The team lost its centerpiece in Belgian star Eden Hazard after he announced his transfer to Madrid in June. The club was banned from signing any new players in the summer transfer window or the midseason window due to a breach of FIFA regulations. This restriction left little opportunity to replace the star power lost with Hazard’s departure. These challenging circumstances were combined with the departure of manager Maurizio Sarri, who was replaced by the relatively inexperienced Frank Lampard who had only managed a second-tier English club for one season. Lampard — a club legend who played for Chelsea for 13 years —

was tasked with leading one of the youngest rosters in the league. The most intriguing new asset in Lampard’s arsenal was American sensation Christian Pulisic, who was acquired from Borussia Dortmund before Chelsea’s transfer ban took effect. However, Lampard controversially left the Hershey, Pa. native out of the starting lineup for the first nine league games of the season, arguing that the 21-yearold needed time to adapt. Pulisic flourished after being given the chance, scoring four goals in his first two Premier League starts and perhaps validating Lampard’s strategy. Arguably more promising than Pulisic’s performance was that of 22-year-old English striker Tammy Abraham, who came through Chelsea’s youth academy and debuted at the senior level this season. Abraham has been nothing less than sensational, scoring nine league goals — tied for second-best in the league — and notching two assists in 11 games. The remainder of Chelsea’s roster is full of dynamic players, including 19-year-old Callum Hudson-Odoi and 20-year-old See HAMPERS, A11

Profile for The Hoya

The Hoya: November 8, 2019  

The Hoya: November 8, 2019  

Profile for the_hoya