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FALL RIVER DIOCESAN NEWSPAPER FOR SOUTHEAST MASSACHUSEnS CAPE COD & THE ISLANDS

t eanc 0 VOL. 25, NO. 49

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FALL RIVER, MASS., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1981

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Guatemala in 'dark night' says Sister Honora An evening free from the sound of exploding bombs is the luxury of American life most appreciated by Maryknoll Sister Honora Felix. Fresh from the suburbs of embattled Guatemala City, she is visiting her mother, Mrs. Henry Felix of St. John the Evangelist parish, Attleboro. In Guatemala she teaches at Monte Maria School, where Dominican Sisters Jean Reimer and Helen Lavalley sought refuge last week after being held captive in the countryside for five days. Those sisters are now at their Michigan motherhouse where they have refused to comment on their experience for fear of endangering others in Guatemala. Many of her Monte Maria students, said Sister Honora, have lost family members to Guatemala's ceaseless street fighting and assassinations. "We would hear an explosion at night," she said of her Guatemala convent, "and go to the door to see if we could tell where the bomb had fallen. Then we'd call friends or listen to the radio to find out what had been hit. We'd sit down, hear another ex-

plosion and start the routine all over again. "It is hard to know what is actually happening, though," said Sister Honora. "From day to day and hour to hour the situation changes. People here can hardly imagine living with phones tapped, mail censored and speeches and sermons monitored. One of our sisters has an 80-year-old mother in New York who sends her every clipping that even mentions Guatemala. Some, of course, are very critical. Sister was called to the police station and warned that this must stop." Sister Honora, 47, a Maryknoller for 25 years, is no stranger to unrest. She served in Panama during the 1964 Canal Zone riots and was in Guatemala in 1960, arriving two months before guerilla warfare first broke out. -In Mexico and Panama from 1961 to 1967, she returned to Guatemala as the civil strife began its present escalation. Parents of the 1,450 students in her school, she said, include both supporters and opponents of the military regime of President Romeo Lucas Garcia, an army general. Some have reo

moved their children from the school because of the sisters' "consciousness raising" program. "We use the Latin American Bible, which has contemporary photographs, and the bishops' documents from the Medellin and Puebla conferences," said Sister Honora. "And the 1965 Guatemalan constitution is very subversive," she added wryly. "There is a long section on human rights and all the students need to do is read it and compare it with actual conditions." She is unwilling to predict what will happen in Guatemala, saying that events in neighboring countries will influence the eventual outcome, as will U.S. decisions with regard to aid in Central America. But she concurs with other missioners who claim that both the church and the Indian peasantry, comprising 63 percent of the population, are targets of government persecution. Unfair land tenure, 90 percent illiteracy, rigged elections and deplorable health conditions are among factors keeping the Indians in subjugation, say the missioners. Turn to Page Two

Vatiean -China rift deepens 'Christ is management' LAS VEGAS, Nev. (NC) "Christ is management and I'm in sales. This is "my business. We're out to broadcast the Good News." That is how Bishop Norman F. McFarland of Reno-Las Vegas describes an evangelization campaign being conducted through. out Nevada in conjunction with the 50th anniversary of the diocese. Radio, TV and newspaper messages are inviting Catholics to retum to the church and IlonCatholics to find out about it. Bishop McFarland said the campaign is not an effort to rebuild a diminishing Catholic community. "Indeed, it's quite the opposite. Nevada is the fast-

est growing state in the union." The church, in the midst of a financial crisis during this growth, has had to attend to Catholics already in the state and at the same time expand to meet increases in the Catholic population, Bishop McFarland said. "People say 'What are you looking for more for?' " the bishop continued. "Again, I can only answer because it is our business. We cannot be satisfied if there are people out there whose needs we can supply. Christ is the answer to all our problems, so we reach out to these people. Christ said to go out to the whole world. He didn't say take Tum to page thirteen

By Nancy Frazier NC News Service The already shaky relations between the Vatican and China seemed to take a turn for the worse in late November after reports that four priests have been arrested, accompanied by renewed criticism of the only Vatican路 appointed Chinese bishop since the communist revolution of 1949. Catholic sources in Hong Kong told the Italian news agency ANSA Nov. 28 that four priests, including three Jesuits, were arrested Nov. 17 because of their refusal to belong to the National Association of Patriotic Catholics, a government-approved body which does not recognize any ties to the Vatican. Meanwhile, Bishop Ye YinYun, who was elected by the association in September to hold the same office as Vatican-appointed Archbishop Dominic Tang Yee-Ming as head of the Archdiocese of Guangzhou (Can-

ton), China, told the British news agency Reuters that Chinese Catholics considered Archbishop Tang a "traitor" to their church. According to the Hong Kong sources cited by ANSA, the arrested priests were Jesuit Fathers Vincent Zhu Hongsheng, 65; Joseph Chen Wuntagg, 73; Stanislas Shen Baishun, 79; and Father Fu Mezhou, 70. All four had been working in Shanghai. The sources said Father Zhu, who was imprisoned from 1954 to 1960 and assignect to a labor camp from 1974 to 1979, had received many foreign visitors' in the past two months and was accused of maintaining contacts with the Vatican and sending religious information outside China. The charges against the other three priests were not specified, but none are members of the patriotic association. A spokesman at the Jesuits' headquarters in Rome said thre was no information on the priests

except what appeared in the Italian press. According to the Hong Kong sources, Father Shen had previously spent 24 years in jail and Father Hezhou, 15. The arrests indicated a further deterioration in the fragile rapport between the Holy See and China. There are no diplomatic relations between the two states, but the June 6 appointment of Archbishop Tang to head the Guangzhou Archdiocese had initially been considered a sign of improvement in relations. In the interview with Reuters, Bishop Yin-Yun accused the 73yea:\-old Archbishop Tang of "betraying China and leaving the country under false pretenses" "He deluded~l.lS," Bishop YunYun said. "He was allowed to go to Hong Kong for two reasons: to visit relatives and to undergo medical care, and that's all. He didn't write or telephone to tell us that he was going to Rome." The bishop was referring to Turn to Page Eleven


Guatemala

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 3, 1981

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ANGELS 30 FEET TALL greet visitors to the annual Christmas Illumi.nations at La Salette Shrine, Attleboro. Believed the largest in the nation, the display includes over 100,000 lights and dozens of exhibits. It will remain on view through Jan. 3.

Continued from page one Economic considerations are considered the chief cause of repression, since military officials and other power groups have invested in large landholdings and mineral resources in Indian lands or have used Indians as a source of cheap labor. President Lucas Garcia, for instance, operates Plantesa, an agribusiness with export and banking connections. Human rights workers also accuse the g,:)vernment of launching what is called "The Plan of 1,000 Days" to exterminate the Indians. At a recent Washington con路 ferenc~ on the Guatemala situa路 tion, Maryknoll Father James Curtin, in Guatemala for 25 years before he left about two years ago, said the 1,000 days plan was also designed "to intimidate church people.." He said some community leaders commit suicide to avoid involving friends and relatives when questioned under torture. "Church personnel are being persecuted for organizing the poor and fostering their awareness of the prevailing injustice," he added. An estimated 40 persons are killed daily by political violence and Sister Honora said that in addition punishment raids on innocent villages are common, with women, children and the aged rounded up and killed by way of intimidation and warning to guerrilla sympathizers. "In a small country, where everyone knows everyone else, these murders are always com路 mitted by 'desconocidos,' unknown persons," she commented ed ironically. The chu:I'ch, she thinks, is persecuted partly because foreign missioners, even those politically uninvolved, have credibility and international connections. Authorities therefore fear they will spread word of the true

situation in Central America Harassment ranges from expulsions to death threats to actual killings, she said But in line with the ancient saying that "the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church," Sister Jlonora credits the persecution with unifying the bishops of Central America and strengthening their "preferential option" for the poor. Lay Christians have behaved heroically, she said. In one diocese, Santa Cruz del Quiche, all priests and sisters have left and the bishop is in exile. Religious observances are conducted by lay persons, who travel long distances, often on foot, to other dioceses to obtain consecrated hosts. The hosts are distributed hidden inside tortillas, missioners report, while Bibles are wrapped in plastic and buried in clay pots to save them from confiscation and destruction. Meanwhile catechists preach the word from memory. Where religious are left, said Sister Honora, they support each other. "Before, we hardly saw sisters from other communities," she related, "because we were all so busy. But when our sisters were killed last year in El Salvador, members of all the other communities in Guatemala came to comfort us. We see a lot of each other now." Sister Honora will remain in Attleboro until January, then will participate in a renewal proat her community's gram motherhouse in Maryknoll, N.Y. According to Maryknoll custom she will remain "stateside" for three years then, conditions permitting, will return to the Guatemala-Mexico region. Meanwhile she says of conditions in Guatemala: "You have to have the faith view and believe in the power of the Resurrection. Right now it's the dark night."

THE ANNUAL Bishop's Night program of Fall River Catholic Woman's Club also marked the organization's 70th anniversary. Members marked it by donations to the bishop and the Rose Hawthorne Lathrop Home. From left, Miss Ruth Hurley, vice president; the bishop; Miss Bertha Hayden, president; Father Barry Wall, moderator; Mrs. Michael McMahon, building committee treasurer. (Torchia Photo) t

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 3, 1981

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A sign of contradiction

AS A CHRISTMAS GIFT to the community, St. Anne's parish, Fall River, will present a concert by thE! 65-voice St. John's Seminary Choir at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the church. The program will indude works by Handel and Praetorius, ethnic carols and a congregational sing-along. Choristers from this diocese practice with Father Frank Strahan, director, left, and Rick DleGagne, at piano. They are, from left, Barry Goodinson, Tim McNaught, Dave Costa, Walter Correiro, Jim Fitzpatrick, Jose Souza, Billy O'Neil, Dave Landry, Joe DeCosta, Paul Caron, Mike Dufault.

CTN head is named WASHINGTON (NC)- Wasyl M. Lew, 41, a former di rector of operations for the Bell and Howell Satellite Network and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) program manager, has been selected as the first executive director of the Catholic Telecommunications network of America Inc. Lew, who will be responsible for getting the church's planned satellite communications system functioning, was chosen by the CTN board, which met :in Washington Nov. 20. Limited services by the new network, which will use satellites to link dioceses, a:re to begin in March 1982. A schedule of regular information services and programming is to begin on a five-hours-a-day, five days-aweek basis in September 1982. Nearly 90 dioceses have indicated their intention to join the CTNA system by 1985. The system is to provide services such as teleconferences and possible materials dissemination as well as programming. In his work for ,Bell and Howell from September 19'80 until he was selected by the CTN board, Lew was responsible for overall administration, including budget planning, for Bell and Howell's satellite system operations, engineering and technolo-

gy." Among other activities he designed, built and got into operation Bell and Howell's video conference studio; designed and selected equipment for Bell and Howell's 10-city federal network of satellite earth stations, and developed a satellite network training program. Contacted Nov. 23, his first day on the job, Lew said his work, in short, entails "establishing a network, much like the majors (networks), for purposes of church communications." One of his first tasks will be recommending to the CTN board whether the network's headquarters should be in New York City or Washington, D.C. New York's communications facilities and the fact that it is "network oriented" are practical reasons for a New York base, he noted. A native of the Ukraine, Lew fled with his family in 1943 during World War II. The family ended up as displaced persons in the American sector of Germany and emigrated to the United States in 1949. He speaks Ukrainian and has a working knowledge of German, Polish and Russian, he said. A member of Holy Trinity Ukrainian-Rite Church of Silver Spring, Md., he is the parish's general (business) manager. A number of his ancestors

were Ukrainian-Rite clergymen, who are allowed to marry. "I come from a long family-line of Catholic priests," he noted. He is married and has four daughters.

BISHOP DANIEL A. CRONIN has announced the assignment of Father Michael R. Nagle to pastoral care ministry at Morton Hospital, Taunton, effective yesterday. Since 1979 he had been associate pastor at St. Margaret's parish, Buzzards Bay. Born in Dothan, Ala., the son of Robert and Rita (Flynn) Nagle, he graduated from De La Salle Academy, Newport, and studied for the priesthood at Mater Christi Seminary, Albany, St. Louis University, St. Joseph's College, London, and the Catholic University of America. He was ordained in 1972 and served at St. John the Baptist parish, New Bedford, St. Mary's Taunton, and St. Peter the Apostle, Provincetown, before being stationed at Buzzards Bay. In Taunton he will reside at St. Mary's rectory.

PROVIDENCE, R.I. (NC) U.S. District Judge Raymond Pettine's ruling that bars a nativity scene from the city of Pawtucket's annual downtown holiday display is a decision that atheist Madalyn Murray O'Hair has sought unsuccessfully in Texas for four years.

charged that taxpayers' money was being used to promote a particular religion. In the Texas case, U.S. District Judge Jack Roberts ruled that the display of a nativity scene in the rotunda of the state Capitol in Austin had a "clearly secular purpose."

Pettine's ruling in a suit filed last December by the Rhode Island affiliate of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) found that Pawtucket's life-sized nativity scene fulfills a religious purpose, endorses Christianity and causes political disputes along religious lines. Therefore, including the scene in a display mounted by the city is a violation of the constitutional requirement of separation of church and state, Pettine said.

But the federal judge in Rhode Island rejected the city of Pawtucket's argument that the nativity scene had become a secular, rather than a religious, symbol.

In a telephone interview, Mrs. O'Hair said she was "thrilled" by Pettine's decision. She brought a similar suit against the city of Austin, Texas, in 1977 but lost, both in U.S. District Court and in the U.S. Court of Appeals. On Oct. 5, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to review the Austin case and thereby allowed the nativity scene to remain in the state Capitol. In Pawtucket, the nativity scene is part of the city's annual Christmas display erected on privately owned land in the center of the downtown business section. City workers assemble, remove and store the creche. The city of Pawtucket purchased the current nativity scene in 1973 for $1,363. The ACLU

Former Pawtucket Mayor Dennis M. Lynch testified in the trial that the figures depicting Christ's birth had cultural, aesthetic and commercial purposes. Calling the nativity scene a secular symbol amounts to relegating Christ to the position of a character "like Paul Bunyan," Mrs. O'Hair said. -But the religious community is so anxious to have Christianity endorsed by the state that "they will endure any insult," she said. The city of Pawtucket plans to appeal Pettine's decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit in Boston and will seek a stay of the decision pending the appeal. As an alternative to erection of the nativity scene by the city, the Pawtucket chapters of the Junior Chamber of Commerce and B'nai B'rith offered to buy and set up the display with volunteers and former Mayor Lynch also offered to head a citizen's committee to buy the display from the city and erect it with volunteers.

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ASSIGNMENT Rev. Michael Nagle from Associate Pastor, St. Margaret's Church, ,Buzzards Bay, to pastoral care, Morton Hospital, ~aunton, with residence at St. Mary's Church, Taunton, effective 'Wednesday, Dec:. 2, 1981.

70 Holcott Drive, Attleboro, MA

Tel. 222·6073


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 3, 1981

the living word

themoori~ Come Home to Stay This time last year each parish in the 'diocese was caught up in the We Care/We Share program. "Come home for Christmas" was the word. Houses were visited, special events planned and a hand of friendship extended to all in our diocese. It made last Advent exciting, a season of anticipation, a time of renewal. The question now arises as to what is being done this Advent, to renew the efforts of We Care/We Share. Did this tremendous undertaking made a real difference in parish family life? Has it restored a more vital living of church in neighborhoods? Has it sparked ongoing parish efforts to seek out the lost sheep? These are but a few of tha many questions that surface as this Advent begins. The definitive effort initiated last year should still be a source of inspiration and motivation for all who minister to and serve the people of God in this diocese. In other words, We Care/We Share should not be dismissed as a mere one-shot affair. Rather it was intended as a beginning, as a spur to constantly renewed attempts to share the faith. What better time to reaffirm the ideals of the We Carel We Share program than at this season? For all in the church Advent should be a very special time, a symbol of light and life. Yet for many it will pass by without being seen as a transition from night to Ught. Caught up in the crass commercialism of those who seek merely economic and material goals, many Catholics will spend fruitless hours during this season seeking amid the gadgets of life for the "perfect" Christmas gift. Unfortunately, where they are seeking they never find the gift that will bring true meaning to their living. For these poor souls the ideals of We Care/We Share have lost their meaning. Advent should also be seen as a family time, a season of birth and moment of joy. In an age of shattered families, in a time of permissive abortions, in a world where smiles are few, Advent is yet an opportunity to light a candle rather than curse the darkness. Catholics should be encouraged once again to stir themselves from the lethargy of gloom and become beacons of hope for the shattered, the hurting and the brokenhearted. To a world that wallows in its own despair, despondency and depression, the message of Advent shines as a viable alternative to the drugs, pills and booze depended upon by so many floundering souls in our own parishes. This year let us try to see more clearly the value of the Advent season to our present and future. Our most profound desire and prayer should ,be that the kingdom of God may grow in souls and in the church. Like the Gospel mustard seed, the kingdom should become a mighty tree sheltering all the peoples on earth. Like the leaven, it should penetrate the church and our own souls. Let's make this Advent an opportunity for many not just to come home to the church for a visit but rather to stay at home in the church because they will see that we do indeed care and want to share.

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OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River, Mass. 02722 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D.

EDITOR

FINANCIAl ADMINISTRATOR Rev. Msgr. John 1. Regan

Rev. John F. Moore, ~ leary

Press-Fell River

HAITIANS IN FLORIDA REFUGEE CAMP

'I was a stranger and you took me not in.' Matt. 25:43

Sharing parish ministry to run bingo and bazaars but an prayer groups are responding to insufficient number willing to the spiritual hunger of the people. One of the most obvious rea- share the teaching ministry of Lacking proper leadership and sons why so few young people the parish, especially in the area guidance from parish priests, seem attracted .tc the priestly of adult education. such gro\lps often become isolaor religious life i.3 that priests ted from their parishes, which Training of the laity for such and religious seldom exude an th\ls lose their talents' and evident joy. Overworked and new responsibilities is, of course, ' energy. essential. Since the Second Vatispiritually undernourished, they are often unhappy people who can CO\lncil a greater emphasis themselves need to be ministered has been placed upon lay particito before they can minister to路 pation, but mere enthusiasm is not a sufficient qualification for others. Precisely because of the short- this. Enthusiasm must be creatively December 4 age of vocations, priests find channeled by pastors, with each Rev. Charles Ouellette, 1945. themselves overwo:,ked. Attempting to fulfill the expectations of parish working towards not only Assistant, St. James, Taunton the laity, the clergy tend to make financial stability b\lt also the December 6 the fatal mistake of putting the goal of becoming a place where Rev. Joseph L. Cabral, 1959 demands of parishioners before the gospel is preached and prac- Pastor, Our Lady of the Angels, ticed with authenticity. Fall River God's demand for power. Pastors themselves must have Fail\lre to balance the req\lireRt. Rev. John H. Hackett, ments of an active ministry with. training in tapping all the re- 1966, Chancellor of Fall River the needs of the spirit is noth- SO\lrces available in the parish Diocese, June - Dec. 1966 ing short of tragic. In the pro- to achieve these ends. Initially Rev. Joseph Welch, 1971, Recess of becoming workaholics, they should not be s\lrprised if tired Pastor, Our Lady of Victoo many good priests become people long llcc\lstomed to being tory, Centerville run down and embittered even reminded onTIy of their financial December 7 as their parishioners fail to responsibilities, seem apathetic Rev. Ambrose Bowen, 1977, \lnderstand and appreciate their about becoming involved in other Retired Pastor, St. Joseph, Taunherc\llean attempts to contin\le areas of parochial life. providing the services of a day The We Care/We Share and ton Rev. Thomas F. Daly, 1976, when there was a greater ab\ln- Families for Prayer programs Retired Pastor, St. James, New are attempts to involve the laity dance of vocations. The laity m\lst realize that in the active ministry of the Bedford such attempts are f\ltile. Mass ch\lrch. Such programs shQuld December 8 sched\lles m\lst be streamlined. be welcomed by pastors as a Rev. John F. Broderick, 1940, Priests cannot always be in their means of sharing their own com- Pastor, St. Mary, South Dartmitment wit:'} their people. The mO\lth rectories 24 hO\lrs a day. In short, the laity m\lst begin parish should become the center to share the active ministry of of spiritual growth of the comtheir priests. Too many see their munity of believers. THE ANCHOR (USPS-54S-D20). Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published role solely as assisting in meetWhen the parish neglects this every Thursday at 410 Highland Avenue, Fall ing the financial obligations of responsibility, nature seeks to River, Mass. 02722 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price the parish. fill the vacuum. Many retreat by mail. postpaid $6.00 per year. Post路 masters send address changes to The Anchor, and charismatic P.O. There seem enough volunteers movements Box 7, Fall River, MA 02722. By Father Kevin J. Harrington

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 3, 1981

By

"I never seem to have the time," she said wistfully. Then she turned on me with some exasperation in her voice, "How do you find time for all you do?" Find time? Nobody I know finds time. We dividl~ it, conserve it, and squander it but we don't find it. It's about the only comodity that is available to each of us in equal amounts. The use of it is what makcls it seem unequal. Time can be viewed and utilized in many ways. Here I'd like to discuss two. The first is timegulps or short periods of time that consume a lifetime. We can either use them or lose them while waiting for the fantasy of long uninterrupted pc!riods of time during which we think we can fulfill our dreams: write a book, become a gournlet cook, build a boat, study German, or jog. That's the second way of looking at time pertinent to this column. I tend to make use of the half hours in my days so that puts me in the first category. I would prefer having a whole day or week to think about and write a short piece, but whl:lle days are hard to come by so I take what I can get and take it gratefully. I reflected on the topic last spring when I travelled from Mil-

waukee to Columbus, Ohio to deliver a lecture. Although my Columbus talk wasn't until 7:30 p.m., I got up in Milwaukee at 7 a.m. to go through all the stages of travel and wait. I didn't get to my room in Columbus till three. Where did those eight hours go? They evaporated into periods of thirty minutes: 30 for breakfast, a thirty-minute wait for the airport limo, a thirty-minute ride to the airport, thirty between baggage check-in and departure, a thirty-minute flight from Milwaukee to Chicago, thirty to catch another plane, thirty to retrieve slow baggage in Columbus, thirty to get to my room at St. Mary's of the Springs. There was one long period - the flight itself - which took a little over an hour. But, by the time I reached Columbus I had read a voluminous Sunday paper; written six Easter cards with notes, studied my talk, written a new opening to a chapter in my book, and caught a tiny refreshing nap on the plane. I don't necessarily like using my time this way but I have to. I saw others in waiting rooms staring at their hands, turning them over and over. I've never found my hands that interesting. My seatmate on the plane plugged in his earphones and beat

A tangled web The U.S. bishops' approval of a new statement on Central America Nov. 19 came against a backdrop of renewed concern in WaHhington over the future of U.S. policy in the region. Only a week before the bishops debated their statement Salvadoran officials were denying assertions by Secretary of State Alexander M. Haig Jr. that the civil war in El Salvador had reached a stalemate which might require action from the United States. There also were reports that U.S. action may be imminent on Nicaragua, which some officials reportedly fear will become "another Cuba." Those most recent developments added new complexity to what some bishops said during their debate is an already complex situation. Part of the complexit:~ confronting the U.S. bishops in their new statement is that thc! three countries on which the statement focuses - El Sa:lvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemflla are almost totally dissimilar in their current political situation. The dissimilarity prompted Bishop Mark J. Hurley of Santa. Rosa, Calif., to describe Guatemala as "pre-revolutionary," EI Salvador as in t~e middle of revolution, and Nicaragua as in a state of "post-revolution." Thus the bishops' statement, while expressing overall opposi-

tion to arms for the region, had to address each country separately. Probably the biggest rift among the bishops came over the section on Nicaragua, where the statement notes that the agony of war "is now a memory." While expressing concern that the United States not attempt to isolate Nicaragua in its efforts to rebuild its economy, the statement also indicated that the bishops were worried about "increasing restrictions on human rights" by the victorious Sandinistas and the possibility that the nation's religious character might not be preserved in the current rebuilding effort.

DOLORES

CURRAN

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his wrists to music all the way to Columbus. (I offered it up for Holy Week.) Two men traded "Ain't the :world awful?" conversation in the limo all the way to the airport. I believe that women are better users of time snatches than men because we learn early to grab the half hours during naptime to accomplish what would not get done otherwise. Businesses are discovering the .time-efficient experise of the empty nest mother. She knows how to use that quarter hour lurking here and there. Women don't expect solitude and serenity in which to work. We learned long ago to work with interruptions. Those of us who achieve in the midst of a busy family life aren't magicians. We don't have more time than others. We give up a lot - time others use to dream, to chat, to play tennis, to idle away. We shouldn't be envied but neither should we be apologetic. We just make different use of the half hours that make up our lifetimes.

By JIM LACKEY

while, is contending that Nicargua is looking more and more like Cuba both in its build-up of its military forces and its recent arrests of government critics. Haig also has been warning that there is evidence that Sovietbuilt Mig fighter planes are being shipped to Cuba for eventual transport to Nicaragua.

On El Salvador the bishops said little more than they have That expression of concern been saying. They opposed milfseemed to satisfy most bishops. tary aid to all sides of the conBut Archbishop Philip M. Man- flict, but especially U.S. aid. nan of New Orleans warned that They endorsed a political solununs already have had to flee . tion to the conflict and urged the their schools in Nicaragua be- United States to playa "creative cause of government restrictions role" in bringing that solution and said he feared the country about. And they urged a halt in may tum out like Cuba, where deportations of Salvadorans who dictator Fidel Castro initially are noW waiting out the violence was welcomed as an agraian re- in the United States. former. There too the United States reportedly has been considering Bishop Nicholas D'Antonio, an American bishop who served new action in its continued atin Honduras but was forced to tempts to preserve the embattled return to the United States, de- government of President Jose fended the Nicaraguan govern- Napoleon Duarte. One proposal, ment. He said the new govern- put forth by Salvadoran officials, ment has made great strides in is to erect a naval blockade in educating the people. and that the Pacific waters which wash many reports of rights violations El Salvador's and Nicaragua's are exaggerated or are the result shores so supplies from Nicaragua intended for Salvadoran of misunderstandings. The U.S. government, mean- guerrillas can be haltM.

Our nation's shame No words exist to justify the shameful treatment this country metes out to Amerasian children, those abandoned offspring of American (mostly GI) fathers and Oriental mothers. But Reagan's bureaucrats,following in the footsteps of Carter's, continue to search. They came up with their alibis at a hearing on a bill offered by Rep. Stewart McKinney, DConn., who wishes to give preferential treatment to "certain children of U.S. Armed Forces personnel." They had gone to some trouble. On one hand, they pointed out, as Reaganites are wont to do when examining human programs, the danger of "abuse and fraud" in the notion. "You mean," jeered Rep. Barney Frank, D-Mass., "that you're afraid some half-Australian kid will sneak in?" They also offered a technological exit - a miraculous new blood test at the Communicable Disease Center, which is so fancy it can pinpoint the home state of the father. Although variously called "a breakthrough" and "still in the laboratory stage," it was meant to be light at the end of the tunnel for the outcast children, who in Vietnam are called "the dust of life," "And what do you propose to do in the meantime?" asked Frank,a freshman and graduate of the Massachusetts state legislature, where drawing blood from bloodless bureaucrats is an entirely acceptable practice. One State Department representative, Assistant Secretary Diego Ascencio (hero of a hostage crisis in Colombia), had the grace to be embarrassed as he proferred his rationalization "that it would tend to increase our illegal alien population." He admitted that the children lead wretched lives, scorned, abused and often stoned for their freckles, their blue eyes and their telltail' height. The United States flatly refuses to recognize their existence. If they wish to come to their father's land, they must apply under sixth preference (skilled and unskilled workers in short supply). Since they are cut off from schools, housing and public assistance of any kind, their chances of qualifying are virtually non-existent. But State's other man, Cornelius D. Scully, tried valiantly to "win for the Gipper" and protect our shores from a wave of "fraudulent" children. He pressed on the members the marvels of the blood test. "Will it establish if the father was a serviceman?" asked Frank, who was reproved for his vehemence by Chairman Romano Mazzoli, D-Ky., of the subcommittee.

5

By MARY McGRORY

But Frank was unrepentant. He kept asking the increasingly uneasy bureaucrats if they had an alternative. They mumbled. He asked them how much the miraculous blood test costs. They didn't know. He asked if they knew how the blood-test program would survive the budget knife poised at the throat of the Communicable Disease Center. They had not a clue. Nobody knows for sure how many of these abandoned children have been left behind as souvenirs of American foreign policy. In Vietnam, where they are officially designated "bad elements," there may be as many as 25,000. The bureaucrats, thankful to be free of Frank's fangs, took off, thereby missing the testimony of the victims and heroes of their non-policy; John Slade of the Pearl Buck Foundation; Father Alfred Keane, director of St. Vincent's Home for Amerasians in Seoul; and two Amerasians, who tearfUlly pleaded for "those we left behind." John F. (Cho Jae Juyn), a thin six-footer with Oriental features, "thinks" he is 15. He was shaking and sighing as he read through the autobiography he had prepared himself. He does not know his father's name. His mother is Korean. She abandoned him. He had a picture of himself with his parents, but he tore it up - "It make me cry too much." He went to an orphanage. "where Americans come to pick up children, but never me," He ran away. For years, he scratched a living on the streets of Seoul, kicked, cuffed and beaten, sleeping by night in movie theaters. Father Keane, a person of seemingly unquenchable good will, pleaded for "our forgotten children" - whose numbers are increasing, since commanders of our troops currently in Korea "mostly worry about the VD rate," And the good father told the story that shames us most as a nation. He told how the French, who never give themselves humanitarian airs, who in fact pride themselves on their pinched practicality as a nation, treated the children their soldiers fathered in Indochina. When they left in 1954, they took 25,000 children with them. The government paid for the schooling of those who stayed behind. When they turned 21, they had the option of French citizenship. Frank said the last word: "France wasn't worried at all that some half-English child might slip in. We were in Asia for our own purposes. Therefore, it is our obligation to bring our kids home."


6

THE ANCHORThurs., Dec. 3, 1981

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Bishop's Ball chairpersons named Mrs. Stanley Janick, SS. Peter and Paul parish, and Robert Coggeshall, St Mary's Cathedral parish, both Fall River, have been named to head the Bishop's Ball 125-member committee. The midwinter social event, to take place Friday, Jan. 15, at Lincoln Park Ballroom, North Dartmouth, will have a carnival theme using over 2500 yards of varicolored cloth in its execution. Named to chair the ball hospitality committee is Mrs. Michael J. McMahon, also of the cathedral parish. She will be assisted by Mrs. Richard M. Paulson, Immaculate Conception parish, Taunton, and a large committee of aides and ushers.

In charge of the traditional ball presentee program is Mrs. James A. O'Brien Jr. of the cathedral parish. Annually onethird of diocesan -parishes select a young woman for presentation to Bishop Daniel A. Cronin. The colorful ceremony is a ball highlight. Participating parishes this year are: Attleboro Area: St. John, Attleboro; St. Stephen Attleboro; St. Mary, North Attleboro; Mt. Carmel, Seekonk. Cape Cod and Islands Area: St. Margaret, Buzzards Bay; St. Patrick, Falmouth; St. Joan of Are, Orleans; St. Augustine, Vineyard Haven; Our Lady of Lourdes,

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Wellfleet; St. Elizabeth, Edgartown; St. John, Pocasset. Fall River Area: St. Mary Cathedral, Fall River, Holy Name, Notre Dame, St. Anne, St. Louis, St. Michael, St. William, Santo Christo, Fall River; St. Bernard, Assonet; Our Lady of Grace, No. Westport, Our Lady of Fatima, Swansea. Taunton Area: Holy Rosary, Our Lady of Lourdes, St. -Mary, St. Paul, Taunton; Immaculate Conception, No. Easton. New Bedford Area: Assumption, St. Boniface, St. Francis of Assisi, St. John the Baptist, St. Joseph, St. Kilian, St. Theresa, New Bedford; St. Mary, Fairhaven, St. Rita, Marion.

Sr. Clementine Funeral services were held Tuesday for Sister Clementine Tetreault, RJM, 88, who died last Saturday at Jesus-Mary Convent, Fall River. Born in Providence, the daughter of the late Jeremie and Exilda Tetreault, she entered religious life in 1911 and served in elementary schools in Rhode Island, Massachusetts and New Hampshire. She retired in 1969. She is survived by a brother, Jeremie, of North Scituate, and a sister, M:rs. Lauretta Davis, of West Warwick.

Gold medalist DALLAS (NC) - Philomena Kelly Kerwin, director and founder of the U.S. Catholic Conference's Veterans' Adminstration Hospital Service, has received the VA Administrator's Gold Medal for "35 years of dedicated and distinguished service to hospitalized veterans throughout the nation," The USCC volunteer program is in operation in 165 VA hospitals in the U.S. and Puerto Rico.

Dear £ditor: The Anchor has been publishing items concerning the Catholic Church and its position on nuclear arms, the most recent, October 22, "Nuclear Arms and Pro-life," It is good to see these articles, and I hope the "faithful" read them, but I'm afraid the word hasn't gotten around yet. I would guess if you polled the entire diocese you would find that not one in 10 persons have the foggiest notion where the church stands on the issue, and if they had a "notion" it would be not much more than that. I can't remember receiving any information (via homilies) regarding the church's stand on nuclear holocaust, although there have been plenty of homilies on abortion. There is more than one way to break the fifth commandment. J. P. Neath Cotuit

Sr. M. Carolyn A Mass of Christian Burial was celebrated yesterday at Mt. St. Rita Health Centre, Cumberland, R.I., for Sister Mary Carolyn Donovan, RSM, who died Monday at age 81. A Roxbury native, she was the daughter of the late Jeremiah and Mary Donovan. She entered the Sisters of Mercy in 1930 and served as teacher and principal in New Bedford and Fall River schools from 1932 until her retirement in 1970, with the exception of five years at her community's mission in Belize. Her survivors include a sister, Mrs. Mary Cohen, Bridgewater, and a nephew, Rev. Gerald Cohen, CSC, a chaplain at Yale University.

Sr. Immaculata Funeral rites were held Thanksgiving Eve at Mt. St. Rita Health Center, Cumberland, R.I., for Sister Mary Immaculatta, RSM, 90. Before her retirement 10 years ago she taught or was principal at St. Joseph, St. Louis, St. Mary and St. Patrick's schools in Fall River; St. Kilian and Holy Name in New Bedford; and St. Mary in North Attleboro. Born in Fall River, she was the daughter of the late John and' Maria Mulligan. She entered the Sisters of Mercy in 1911.

High Priority • "Being able to talk to adults in their level is one of the highest priorities of high schoolers. When they can discuss their many moods and concerns with understanding parents, the pressures of mid-adolescence are somewhat relieved." Veryl Rosebaum


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The St. Anthony brand come in even more than 57 varieties: they're crocheted and crafted in macrame, ribbon, felt and burlap. They're handpainted on scallop shells, some were stones, clothespins and comhusks in previous incarnations. They've flut-

IRA, cooperation a mortal sin ARMAGH, Northern Ireland (NC) - . Cardinal Tomas O'Fiaich of Armagh has condemned Catholics who coo~rate with the provisional Irish Republican Army, saying participation in its "evil deeds" constitutes "a mortal sin which will one day have to be accounted for before God ih judgment." The cardinal, primate of all Ireland, issued his condemnation Nov. 20 at the opening of a 4O-hour adoration in St. Malachy Church in Armagh. This provides the opportunity "to add my voice to the unequivocal condemnation of the horrible murders and attempted murders which have taken place in recent weeks," he said. "Most of these murders have been claimed by the IRA. Let me therefore state in simple language, with all the authority at my command, that participation in the evil deeds of this or any other paramilitary organization which indulges in murder, wounding, kidnapping, destruction of property and other forms of violence is a mortal sin which will one day have to be account· ed for before God in judgment," he added. "To cooperate in any way with such organizations is sinful, and if the cooperation is substantial, the sin is mortal," he said. Cardi)lal O'Fiaich also asked parents and the .clergy to oppose IRA efforts to recruit young peo-pIe into the guerrilla organization. "I ask parents to continue to dissuade their young people from

a course which can only lead to suffering, crime and perhaps even death. Let priests and people unite to show the young that justice can be achieved through political means, not through murder and injustice," he said. The IRA is opposed to British rule in - Northern Ireland and shares with much of the Catholic population, the minority in Northern Ireland, a desire for ties to Ireland. The majority Protestant population favors con· tinued British rule.

Bishops' ask • consecratIon WASHINGTON (NC) - Following a request by Cardinal John Carberry, retired archbishop of St. Louis, the U.S. bishops have asked Pope John Paul II to consecrate the world at:\d especially Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. The action took place during an executive session of the bishops' annual meeting in Washington Nov. 16-19 and was announced Nov. 30.. The bishops' request to the pope was transmitted by letter by Archbishop John R. Roach of St. Paul-Minneapolis, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. The consecration of the people of Russia to Our Lady under the title of her Immaculate Heart. is one of the requests made by the Blessed Virgin during a series of six apparitions in 1917 to three children near Fatima, Portugal.

tered to necklaces, keyrings and paper weights, while angel cookies fly straight to the heart of the matter. Why all this angelic activity? It's to fund parish "adoption" of a Third World child through the Save the Children Foundation and to assist a Sacred Hearts missionary priest in Ecuador. "It's only a small beginning," said Nancy Fleming and Roni King, originators of Angel Connections, who said they were inspired by an Anchor story about a Florida parish that adopted a mission. "We hope the idea will spread to other parishes and that many people will be involved in the message of the angels." The Mattapoisett brand will be available at a Christmas boutique to be held at the parish this Saturday. One hundred percent behind the project is St. Anthony's pas· tor, Father Healy. Mter all, his first name is Gabriel.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 3, 1981

Moving' towards a stand on war and peace WASHINGTON (NC) -

The

text of a report on the work of the • American bishops' ad hoc Committee on War and Peace given on Nov. 18 by ArChbishop Joseph Bernardin of Cincinnati at the annual bishops' meeting: There is abroad in the church today an intense concern about the nuclear arms race and the danger it poses for ourselves and others. In response to that concern, the leadership of the NLCB judged it necessary to set aside time for an oral report on the work of the ad hoc Committee on War and Peace. As chairman of that committee, I wish to share Vfith you some perspe<;tives on its work, and to receive your counsel and your views on this most urgent moral question. In these remarks I will review the committee's origin, indicate the framework of Catholic teaching within which we will function and examine some of the questions and issues we face. I. The Committee's Origin and Composition: , The committee had its origin in a resolution of the 1980 general meeting of the NCCB. After an extended exchange among the bishops on a variety of questions regarding the moral and pastoral challenge posed by modern warfare, we voted to pursue a study which would review the NCCB position thus far and would set a direction for the episcopal conference in the future. In light of this resolution Archbishop Roach asked me to chair the committee; Bishops George Fulcher, Thomas Gumbleton, John O'Connor and Daniel Reilly have agreed to serve with me. I wish to express my appreciation to each of them, since it is clear that we have undertaken an extremely delicate and difficult task. The committee will be staffed and assisted by Mr. Edward Doherty and Father Bryan Hehir from the USCC. They in turn will be assi~ted by Prof. BrUce Russett of Yale University. Dr. Russett is a professor of political science. He is presently the editor of the Journal of Conflict Resolution, one of the leading peace research journals in the, United states. He brings exceptional qualifications to this task. The committee is also privileged to have Sister Juliana Casey (of the Immaculate fIeart of Mary) and Father' Richard Warner from the LCWR (leadership Conference of Women Religious) and CMSM (Conference of Major Superiors of Men), assisting it in its work. Our committee did not become operative until late spring. We have had two meetings, and have drawn up a roster of consultants spanning the fields of biblical studies and moral theology, as well as foreign defense and strategic policy. We also intend to listen to the voices of interested Catholic groups and individuals.

We still receive the views of thinking on war in the last 15 these various witnesses in our years. This is not due to an abdeliberation. Our report to the sence of other statements since bishops, which we will propose 1965, but rather to the fact that for consideration as a pastoral . other statements reflect the eleletter of the NCCB, will be ments of the conciliar teaching. ready for the 1982 meeting. Primary among them have n.. The Framework of Catholic been the Day of Peace messages of Paul VI and John Paul II, the Teaching: The bishops do~ng a moral- powerful statement of the Holy religious analysis of contem- See to, the United Nations in porary warfare .within the tradi- 1976 and the address of John tion of Catholic moral teaching, ,Paul II at the United Nations in we do not start from scratch. As 1979. religious leaders in a nation which possesses an awesome arsenal of destructive power, we are also heirs of a body of moral teaching from the universal church,' and we have ourselves contributed to that teaching by our previous statements on war and peace. In a'(J'dition, there is available to us a significant corpus of theological commentary, as well as several contributions from individual bishops in our conference over the past several years. Within the past few months, a substantial number of bishops have spoken strongly and explicitly on a number of issues, particularly the escalating nu-clear arms race. A thorough review of Catholic teaching on war and' peace would require an assessment of biblical and patristic literature as well as significant contributions from every major era of Catholic theology. Particularly relevant for our work, however, is the papal and conciliar teaching of the nuclear age, reaching from Pope Pius XII through Pope John Paul II. "The Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World" (P.C.) of Vatican II was a unique status among recent statements, since it has set the theological framework for Catholic thinking about contemporary warfare. The conciliar text led the church to undertake an evaluation of warfare with an entirely. new attitude, and it proVided an example of what that attitude should be. The P.C. made four principal contributions to the moral debate about war and peace. First, in its assessment of scientifie weapons of mass destruction, of which nuclear weapons are the principal example, it uttered a clear condemnation. It condeltlMd attaCks on civilian centers or large populated areas as a crime against God and humanity (par. 80). Second it supported the right of conscleutious objection, a pacifist position, in the clearest statement we have yet in Catholic teaching. Third, it reasserted the right of nations to, acts of legitimate defense, an acknowledgement that some uses of force, under re~ stricted conditions, could be justified. Fourth, . it raised but did not resolve the moral issues posed by the doctrine of nuclear deterrence. I have said that the P.C. has set the framework of Catholic

rence purposes. has become' a central issue for many groups in the church both in the United States and Europe. While these developments have been generating in the wider ecclesial community, our episcopal conference has taken a series of positions from 1968 to 1980. The principal texts have been the pastoral letters, "Human Life in Our Day" (1968) and "To Live In Christ Jesus" (1976), along with Cardinal Krol's testi-

The first Trident submarine, carrying 24 nuclear missiles, was launched 9n Veterans' Day at Groton, Conn. The theological and pastoral consequences of the P.C. have not produced one single viewpoint in the church but have resulted in a series of related positions. We have seen the emergence of a significant school of Catholic pacifism, now supported by an authentic statement of Catholic teaching. We have seen others use the traditional moral categories of non-combatant immunity, just cause, and proportionality to enter the Vietnam de!?ate as well as the debate on U.S. nuclear policy. Most recently, the unfinished agenda of the conciliar text, a judgment on the possession of nuclear weapons for deter-

mony on SALT II before the Senate Foreign Relations Co~­ mittee (1980). Our statements have reflected the wider debate in the church. but they have also contributed to it on key issues. We have spoken to some issues with more specificity than any other episcopal conference. In "Human Life in Our Day" and then in subsequent statements in 1972 and 1980, we acknowleqged the continuing legitimacy of service in the military as a service to society, but we alsQ- endorsed the right of conscientious objection, a pacifist position, and selective conscientious objection, a conclus-

ion which can be drawn from traditional just-war theory.. These three categories have particular pastoral relevance, since they are designed to aid an individual faced with either voluntary or compulsory military service. In "To Live in Christ ,Jesus, we made our first. expliclt judgment on the possession of nuclear weapons, arguing that not only the use but the threat to use thettt against civilian centers is wrong. Cardinal Krol's 1979 testimony rendered a more extended evaluation of the nuclear question. It made three interelated moral judgments. First, the primary moral imperative is to prevent any use of nuclear weapons under any conditions. Second, the testimony judged that the possession of nuclear weapons in our policy of deterence cannot be justified in principle, but can be tolerated only if the deterrent framework is used to make progress on arms limitation and reduetions. The third principle, a coroUary of the second, is the imperative for the superpowers to pursue meaningful anns limitation aimed -at substantial reductions and real disarmament. Indeed, .as Cardinal Krol IItated, the phasing out altogether of' nuclear deterrence and the threat of mutual assured .destruction must always be the goal of our efforts. This body of moral teaching, along with the theological commentary it has stimulated, provides us with some firm principles and it leaves us with some open questions. The Vatic~n Council's teaching on the responsibility of personal conscience on this issue of warfare has already had an effect in the life of the church, and caUs us to provide for effective methods of conscience formation on issues of war and peace. The council opened the deterrence question and left it for precisely the kind of debate we, now see in the Church. Cardinal Krol's testimony has led many to ask if the failure to move toward meaningful arms limitation in the last two years will yield a new judgment on deterrence policy frbm the bishops. Our statement on the draft in 1980 calls for further elaboration if the possibility of it draft moves closer. It is precisely these questions, and others too numerous to mention, which face the' committee. The escalating pace of the arms race intensifies the moral urg~ ency to address such issues. Let me share with you now some thoughts on major areas of concern which surely will be the subject of our deliberations. III. The Questions and the Issues: My purpose in this concluding section is to provide some issues which illustrate but are not meant to exhaust the scope

o

of the committee's concerns. The first question is the need for a positive theology of peace. Much of the traditional moral literature has been aimed at limiting the destructiveness of war; such moral teaching has been and will continue to be needed. The thrust of the P.C. and the major papal texts of the last 20 years, however. call for a more comprehensive and constructive approach to the question of war and peace. We are summoned to a positive theology of peace. This is surely implied in Vatican II's mandate to evaluate war with an entirely new attitude. We must find ways to call the Chirstian community to be a sign and source of peace in our society. In developing a theology of peace we will need to draw upon many resources. The contribution of pacifist thought has not been a central theme in Catholic theology for many centuries. One should not simply equate a theology of peace with a pacifist position, but we will need to probe the non-violent philosophy and position in our deliberations. Secondly, the stringent limits placed on the use of force in the modem age by the popes from Pius XII to John Paul II need to be affirmed and their implications examined today., In evaluating which, if any, reasons can justify the use of force in the modern age, we will be shadowed by the nuclear threat at every step. But our experience with the moral ,turmoil provoked by Vietnam highlights the need for an assessment of non-nuclear uses of force. Periodically in the last decade the threat of an oil boycott has produced proposals that the United States be prepared to fight a conventional war over oil. Some of" these proposals seem to take it for' granted that the justification to do this for oil or other resources is selfevident. In an age of interdependence, when access to resources is ever before us, and when developing countries have a new determination to exercise their sovereign ri,ghts over resources in their territory, the traditional categories of just cause, right intention, and proper authority tp initiate the use of force may take on renewed importance as tools to assess policy proposals and intentions in our society. Sharpening the just cause questions may give us a valuable instrument to evaluate a self-proclaimed right to access to resources even at the price of war. While both a theology of peace' and an examination of eonventional war are difficult issues, it probably wiD be the moral problem of nuclear war which will present the committee its most challenging task. This is so for a number of reasons. Turn to Pa~e TeQ'

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CHRISTMAS: MASS FORVOU THE HOLY FATHER'S MISSION AID TO THE ORIENTAL'CHURCH

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The Midnight Mass in Bethlehem is offered each Christmas for members of this Association. How better can we say thank you? In 18 mission countries (where Catholics, though few, are mostly of the Eastern Rites) the Holy Father helps millions because you read this column. Blind boys in the Gaza Strip (not one of them a Christian) are learning rug making, basket·work, the ABCs, at the Pontifical Mission Center for th'e Blind. Lepers in India are cared for by native priests and Sisters. The poor have the Gospel preached to them in Egypt, Iraq, Iran and Ethiopia. , .. This season especially, won't you remember our work in your prayers? Our priests and Sisters depend on you. They ask the Infant " to bless you always!

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Gifts we ,ecelve no later than Thursday, D8Cem~er 31, can be listed In your 1981 Income tax return. Wondering what you can do? BUILDING FOR CHRIST

o Immediate help Is needed for three projects in poor rural areas in India. St. Augustln~'s Chapel and SChool In Kokkalal Is much too small for present needs and the roof is in danger of collapSing. Just $2,000 will repair and enlarge It. For the pro· . tectlon of the grOWing girls there, the Sister Superior of St. Mary's Orphanage in Erezha needs $1,500 to construct a wall around the property. A convent Is needed for Sisters In Urukunnu who are assisting Father Albert In ministering to six remote missions In the area. Who witl help provide the $5,000 needed to bUild it?

A HOME FOR THE HOMELESS

o Sister Immaculate, in Chellamkonam, India, pleads for $6,000 to build an Orphanage for the 25 desperately poor girls who are now crOWded into unsafe, temporary buildings on the convent grounds.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 3, 198 f

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Last week a mother wrote that her IO-year-old son, an only child, was teased and abused by all his classmates. She and her husband had complained to the other parents and the .school, but without success. "-" We advised the mother to take a new approach. Instead of trying to stop the other children from picking on her son, she and her husband might look closely at their son's behavior to notice what he does that invites the abuse. There are two common victim psychologies. In one case, the child communicates his weakness. In the other路 case, he communicates that he feels superior to others. Both cases probably are based upon strong feelings of inferiority in the child. One group of children incurs the abuse of their peers through boasting. "I've got something you don't have." Sometimes the boasting is subtle. A knowing smile can be irritating. Wealth and possessions .can provoke others. Even silence caused by shyness can be interpreted as a "better than thou" message. Other children mark themselves for abuse by exhibiting weakness and vulnerability. These children seem to have "hit me" written on their foreheads. Their uncertainty seems to invite attack.

The weakness may be an obvious physical defect. More subtly, it may be an apologetic manner or a hunched body posture. Yet some. children boast and are not picked on. Others get pity for their weakness. Being a victim involves an additional factor, namely, that those victimized communicate no other traits for their peers to admire. If chronic victims are beset with strong feelings of inferiority, then parents need to help the child acquire self-confidence. Self-esteem comes from two sources: unconditional love and pride of accomplishment. Unconditional love is easy. Find ways to love your child just because he is. Parental smiles; hugs, touches and positive remarks that are unrelated to any achievement are" important. "What nice curly hair." "How's my fourth grader?" "1 like the way you walk." "Your voice has strength." These are all positive comments that can build confidence. Pride of accomplishment is built on success. Parents and teacher should try to encourage and even engineer achievements that will eventually bring some respect. The range here can be very broad. Baseball. Music lessons. Jogging. Gymnastics. Swimming. Cooking. Carpentry. Drawing. Any competencies will help

bolster his self-image and eliminate the helpless stance he exhibited earlier. Social skills are even more important. What is he doing that evokes the attack? Notice what happens .just before the other children pick on him, and help' him to stop this victim behavior. On the positive side, encourage all constructive social behaviors. Commend him when he is happy in the company of' others, even if the others are younger. Sometimes children play with smaller children for a time until they feel comfortable with agemates. Be tolerant of this as a step in the right direction. Permit him to have friends over and to play at their houses. If he asks for overnights, be supportive. Do not force him to socialize, but be encouraging when he shows the desire. As an only child, he is at somewhat of a disadvantage in peer contact. Allow him all the opportunities for which he expresses interest. ,Parents find it difficult to stand back and watch their child bullied. Yet protecting him from his peers is not usually the best approach. Help the child acquire skills to move out of the victim role. Reader questions on family living and child care to be answered in priDt are invited. Address questions: The Kenuys, Box 67, Rensselaer, Ind. 47978.

A stand on war and peace路 Continued from Page Nine First, the United States first developed atomic and hydrogen weapons and used atomic weapons with consequelJCe8 so frightful tha~ Paul VI and Jolm Paul n have both said it can never be allowed to happen again. Both as Catholics and Americam we hold a special responsibility to see that this first nuclear use is also the last. Second, the United States is among the "Countries which have concentrated on the development of nuclear weapons of greater accuracy. Increasingly we have built our national security around these weapons. Third, in recent years the IRIclear strategy of the United States bas supplemented our reliance on deterrance with a greater deciaratory willingness to fight <'limited" nuclear wars, although mucb expert opinion seriously doubts. the limits can be mainWned. Fourth, as I have indicated, the position taken by tbe American bishops raises cballenging questions about U.S. policy. The failure, after so many years, OJ effective anns limitation, the growing official readiness to contemplate the use of nuclear weapons, and the introduction of highly integrated command and -control systems, which may heighten the thrust toward aute). matic use of our weapons if deterrence fails, all make the need to evaluate existing poIiey more evident. How we make that evalu-

ation, competently and credibly, is perhaps the most difficult assignment before the committee. It is important to note that the hierarchies of Holland,Germany, and England, in response to many in their care, are con-. ducting inquiries into these issues of nuclear policy. It will be highly desirable that we maintain contact with them throughout our study. It is also important to note that, in undertaking this project, we are fully aware that current tensions are by no means attributable to U.S. policy alone. Clearly, the enormous buildup ofnuclear and conventional arms pursued by the Soviet Union in recent years has done more than its share to heighten the peril of the present moment. The duty of responsible moral action falls equally on both superpowers. But if we direct our attention particularly to the United States, it is for the simple reason that we are American citizens and have a right and duty to address our government. The purpose of all our efforts in this study is to fulfill our role as teache~ regarding a question which has enormous significance for, human life in our time. It will be our objective to speak first to the church. In this regard, our. goal must be not only to state the teaching of .the church on nuclear warfare clearly but to find ways and means to bring this teaching to our parishes, pulpits and schools. As teachers we must also be

concerned about the quality of the public debate. The church should bring to this debate the best arguments路 which reason can muster. ;But beyond this we should bring convictions that help us keep a correct perspective in the face of such an awesome question as nuclear war. We need to be convinced that some actions C8B never be taken, even for survival; that there are limits to the argument that,. because our adversaries are considering something, we mllSt be prepared to do it also. We need to reealI that as AJrterieans and as people of faith we are expected to have our own principles, to be preparetl to live by them and, in faith, to accept the consequences of doing so. In the end our study, thollgh political and moral in content, is an expression of an ecc1esial responsibility. By living in one of the nuclear superpowers we are called to a specific form of witness. The very created order is threatened by nuclear war. We who believe that we are stewards of life and creation, not its masters, must use all the religious and moral vision we have to prevent a threat tQ what God has created, what we could destroy but never recreate. The significance of this task must be judged by our aware路 ness of the responsibility. We must learn how to evaluate with an entirely new attitude.


11

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 3, 1981

uestion corner By Father John Dietzen Q. Since the election or Pope John Paul there have been. many references, to a picture of Our Lady or"Czestochowa. From what I've seen, it is not very attractive, but I understand it was an important history in the c:hurch. What can you tell me about it? (Massachusetts) A. The shrine of Our Lady of Czestochowa has been for centuries, and remains even now, the major place of pilgrimage in central Europe and, without question, is one of the most venerable sites in honor of Our Lady in the world. According to one tradition, the image of Mary was painted by St. Luke the Evangelist on a wooden board made by St. Joseph. As with other works attributed in earlier centuries to Luke, however, including the famous image of Mary in th,e Borghese Chapel of the Basilica of St. Mary Major in Rome, the Czestochowa icon is now believed to have originated sometime during the ninth century in Greece or Italy. Around the year 1000, it was given to the princess-wife of Uladimir of Kiev, and in 1382 was brought to its present location by Prince Opolszyk of Belz in the Ukraine. The prince established a monastery to care for the icon on a hill, Jasna Gora (hill of light), just above the town of Czestochowa. The present impressive basilica which houses the icon was built in the 1600s. Over the centuries, pilgrims, who included numerous royalty and religious leaders from throughout Europe and the Middle East, placed precious metals over much of the image. The rest became blackened from the smoke of torches and votive lights around it. This explains the still darkened features of representations of the icon, though a ma,jor restoration in 1925 helped. renew many features that had been obscured. The three scars on the virgin's face apparently resulted from a desecration of the painting by robbers about 50 years after it was brought to Poland. For centuries, and up to the present day, the icon and shrine of Jasna Gora has exercised a political role in Poland far beyond, but obviously closely connected with, its religious: significance. After Swedish forces failed to capture the monastery during a bitter siege in 1656, Our Lady of Czestochowa was proclaimed Queen of Poland, and and is today the great symbol of Polish national pride and of that nation's determination to preserve its freedom and its faith. Thus, the pilgrimage of Pope John Paul to Jasna Gor;il during his visit to Poland was (:onsiderably more than a religious act, a fact which wasn't missed by either the people or the Communist Polish government. In a larger but somew:nat similar way, the icon is for Poles what the image of Our Lady of

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Guadalupe later became for many of thepoorer people of Mexico, a proud symbol of their Catholic faith and a rallying point against oppression and persecution. Q. Is it the practice or the church that converts do not receive the sacrament or confirmation? A neighbor or mine is new to the faith, and when I suggested that she give her name to our parish for confirmatiOl1l, she said she is aiready confirmed. (Texas) A. If your neighbor was converted to the Catholic faith in the past several years she is right. The Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults prescribes that, when a person enters the Catholic Church, he or she is confirmed by the priest immediately after the individual is baptized or (if already baptized) makes his or her profession of faith. Of course, if the ceremony takes place during Mass, the new convert would receive the Eucharist at, that time as well.

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F. J. SHEED, 84, was buried last week in Jersey City, N.J., beside' his wife, author Maisie Ward, who died in 1975. The noted' author, lecturer and publisher had asked for a shroud but a New York funeral director was unable to find one so Questions for this column Sheed was buried in pashould be sent to Father Dietzen, jamas. His funeral Mass in St. Mary's Parish, 1113 W. Brad- St. Patrick's Cathedral was ley, Peoria, IlL 61606. attended by hundreds and celebrated by Cardinal Terence Cooke who summed up Sheed's life by saying Continued j;rom page one "Frank's home was the Archbishop Tang's trip to Rome Church." for a meeting with Pope John

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Paul II before beillg named to head the Guangzhou Archdiocese. Archbishop Tang, who received government permission to leave China for a year, was due to return in November. But he has been in Hong Kong since June 23 awaiting return to China. Bishop Yin-Yun said there are still some Chinese Catholics who remain faithful to the pope but said the "clandestine" church is small and without importance. He said that some priests have come from Hong Kong "who try to ruin the work of the Chinese Catholic Church." "A small minority of priests come here from Hong Kong to spread rumors and upset the work of the Chinese Catholic Church," Bishop Yin-Yun said, without citing any specific instances or names. A recent edition of the international Fides services, the news bulletin of the Vatican's Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, said that current estimates on the number of Cath. olics in China are 2.5 million. The Fides article urged a "more objective understanding" of the Catholic Church by the Chinese. "It is necessary that men and nations know (the church's) identity and mission in order to be able to evaluate it objective. ly," it said. "Oftentimes erroneous judgments of the church are made and unjust attitudes in her regard are taken because of prejudices that have been lightly accepted, or because the church is not known in its basic identity."

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12

THE ANCHORThurs., Dec. 3,

Workshop By Judy Ball

The hody By Father John J. Castelot When St. Paul wrote to the people of Corinth, he had to contend with a philosophical view of the human person that took little or no account of the human body. This problem, it might be said, is still with some people. In the contemporary Greek thought of the time, a person was composed of two distinct elements: a spiritual, immortal soul, and a material, corruptible body. In this view, the only important element was the soul; the body was a sort of necessary evil. For Paul, however, such a view posed problems. It cast the resurrection of Jesus in a strange light. It is against this background that we come to Chapter 15 of First Corinthians. For many reasons, this chapter is, doctrinally and spiritually, the most significant in the letter. It deals with the very basis of Christianity: Jesus' resurrection and our own. The view held in Corinth of the body had led to unfortunate and dangerous consequences in the moral order. The body was looked upon as morally neutral, indifferent: "Every sin a man commits is outside his body" (1 Cor. 6:18) was one of the Corinthians' pet slogans. Their attitude toward the Lord's incarnation and toward the importance of Jesus' bodily career suffered also. Thus Paul had to inTurn to page thirteen

~At the beach I By Father John O'Callaghan, SJ The children were unusually quiet. First one parent noticed it, then another. It hadn't been that way before. Since the two families had 'tented the house at the beach and invited several other families to spend the weekend with them, the level of activity had ranged from intense to frenetic, and the noise level from very loud to ear-shattering. Now it was quiet. Why? It must have been the Mass! The quiet followed! Some of the children had groaned when it was announced that a priest friend was joining them for a home Mass: "Do we have to? On vacation?" Others had shruggea indifferently. But during the Mass, something happened. The adults were really into this. They shared their thoughts and feelings about the readings. They pooled concerns and concrete needs in the petitions. They prayed, their children watched and the children grew thoughtful. I was the priest friend, and I realized I was experiencing "the family church." I had celebrated Mass often with these same families in a parish setting. But I knew that what happened that day at the beach was a special Turn to Page Thirteen

MAKING BREAD is a way of teaching first communion candidates about the Bread of Life.

II

Parishes helping parents By Father PhiUp J. Mumion:

"If I went home after school and mentioned to my parents that I had been punished, my parents would give me another punishment." A typical reminiscence of the old days. Such a statement might be followed by a lament about the lack of parent support now 'or the efforts of schools or churches. But as a matter of iact, church life now involves a the parish and parents. Today when it is time to perpare children for baptism, first communion, first penance and confirmation, parents get directly involved. This may mean that parents attend sessions during the year before a child's first communion. They listen to discussions of the meaning of the sacrament and the way a child understands it. They may receive materials to read with the child. And very likely they discuss goals they might work towards at home in the preparation of their child A similar situation exists in the case of baptism. Often parents of newborns attend a sess-

ion or two in which they study the meaning of baptism and discuss how they can help their child develop the life of grace. Father Andew Greeley, the priest-sociologist, has pointed out that formal parish education in faith .works best when it builds on family religious life. It rarely can make up for the lack of such a life. Approaches to sacramental preparation and religious educatio:l that get parents actively involved in the process are consistent with this view. This approach is also characteristic of the best efforts in youth ministry. One youth minister in a parish cannot provide all that young people need. He or she must heI.p parents work together to develop effective programs for their children. In short, such people rarely can substitute for parents. What they do is to support them. There are many other ways parishes serve parents. Support for Marriage Encounter, for programs that bring together parents and young people and for family liturgies on Sunday are

some examples. Another example is found i:n help to single parents, provided in part within the broader context of ministry to separated, divorced and widowed Catholics. Parishes and their people, quite simply, are becoming more adult路 and parer;t-focused than they were. They recognize the important role of home life. Of course, not all parents like this. Some would prefer to delegate their children's total religious deve10pment to the parish. This occurs sometimes because parents fel!1 inadequate in talking about faith but whatever the origins of such a tendency, it simply does not work. Without parent support, parish efforts are likely to be futile. The family has come to be called the "domestic church." Yet some parents underestimate their abilities by saying that they only learned how to be parents when they were finished with the task. But many parishes are helping parents the first time round by establishing ways for them to learn from each other and to develop self-confidence.

know your faith

When the cars pull into the parking lot at 1,500 family Good Shepherd Parish in Cincinnati, it's not to drop the kids off for school. Frst, there's no parish school; and second, when the kids come for religious education, mom and dad come too. Family religious education always has been a part of Good Shepherd parish. In 1973, even before the church building was dedicated, programs were offered in a nearby chapel. From the beginning, comments Franciscan Sister Marlene Brokamp, the director of religious education, parishioners agreed that involving the entire family would be "priority No. 1. We have no arguments about where our money goes. It all goes to family religious education," she says. Sister Brokamp feels it makes fundamental sense to teach whole families that "God wants us all to be part of his family." The 400 adults and 800 children who participate in the parish religious education effort believe it makes sense too. Offered approximately every other week during the school year, the core religious education program is scheduled for two evenings in order to accommodate all the participating families. After Sister Brokamp gathers the entire group in the church where, with a touch of a key, walls disappear to form one giant room, she introduces the evening's lesson, usually with an Tum to Page Thirteen

For children By Janaan Manternach Jesus was talking to the crowd on the mountainside about prayer. "When you pray," he said, "don't act like hypocrites who love to stand praying on street corners. They do that so people will notice them and think they are holy. I give you my word, being noticed is the only reward they will receive." People in the crowd began to nudge one another and smile. They all had seen a few people like that. "Whenever you pray," Jesus told them, "go into your room. Close the door and pray to your Father in private. No one may see you praying, but your Father will reward you." Some people in the crowd wondered how Jesus would sug. gest they pray once they were alone with the Father. They knew there were mahy ways to pray. Jesus seemed to sense their question. "In your prayer do not rattle on like the pagans," he instructed them. "They seem to think God will hear them because they use so many words in their prayers. Don't imitate them. Your Father knows what you need before you ask him." A woman in the crowd voiced what many were wondering. "But Turn to Page Thirteen


T.he body

THE ANCHOR -

CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Continued from page tweh'e sist that the crucifixion of Jesus was significant. It was only to be expected that some Corinthians should apply their principles to the resurrection. They were not denying immortality, but they saw no reason to include the body in their concept of the afterlife. Of what use would it be? When it corrupts in the grave, good riddance! The soul will be free to contemplate the good, tht~ true and the beautiful without hindrance. Paul could not toleratE~ this, and he reacted with a vigor which indicates the supreme importance he attached to tht~ matter. In reacting thus he :left a

magnificent treatment of this key concern of Christians, indeed of all thinking people. To begin with, his view is the Old Testament view, which sees the human person as a unity. Whatever happens to a person affects the whole person. And this includes resurrection. In Paul's distinctly Christian point of view, to deny the ressurrection of the body is to deny the resurrection of Jesus, the very cornerstone of the Christian structure. For belief in the resurrection of Jesus is not simply a belief in the immortality of Jesus' soul. Belief in the resurrection involves necessarily a belief in the resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth, the whole person. 'Paul is not concerned here with proving the resurrection of Jesus: That is a matter of faith, beyond the control of strict historical proof. His concern is to Continued from page twelve convince his readers of their own thing for them. I wasn't the oc- integral resurrection. Their belief in Jesus' resurreccasion of it; the families were. Children heard parents ex- tion is the starting point' of his pressing faith, questions, con-' demonstration. If they really cerns, even fears. They heard believe in the resurrection of their mothers and fathers pray- Jesus, they should believe in resing for real needs - and they. urrection for themselves. recognized the needs; the children were bound up in them themselves. They joined the adults in all this, less confidentContinued from page twelve ly but really. teacher," she asked, "just how More publicly, the parents did should we pray?" what they did in less obvious Jesus smiled. He decided to ways on a regular basis: They share with them the way he thought about God, re:flected prayed to the Father. He wanted lovingly on his blessings (fre- to give them a kind of model quently experienced in their prayer, one they could say just children), voiced their vulner- as he gave it to them. ability. They watched and heard "This is how you are to pray," as their children joined them. Jesus told them: "Our Father For me a familiar truth took who art in heaven, hallowed be on new meaning: The family is thy name. Thy kingdom come, a key unit in the faith-life of the they will be done on earth, as church. What is true for all it is in heaven. Give us this day Christians is dramatically true our daily bread and forgive us for families: We give witness our trespasses as we forgive first to one another. Each one's those who trespass against us; faith, hope and love is nour- and lead us not into temptation, ished or depleted by that of the but deliver us from evil. Amen." other. Jesus paused for a moment, The early church was a house then repeated the prayer so all church. You can still go down could learn it. deep beneath the street level It is a prayer that focuses atof modern Rome and walk tention on God first. What through the rooms of the house counts most is that God's name of Clement where Christians is honored and his will is done. worshiped together centuries be- Then the prayer turns to basic fore the house became the needs: for food and forgiveness, church (now the basilica) of St. for salvation from the powers of Clement. You get a feeling of evil. the closeness of faith tel daily Jesus added an important caulife when you're down there; of tion. Prayer for God's forgivethe intimacy which can find ex- ness must come from a forgiving pression in authentic 'Worship heart. "If you forgive the faults and be kindled by it; of how a of others," Jesus told the crowd, home can be "church." "your heavenly Father will forI think we experienced that give you. If you do not forgive in the big white house at the others, neither will your Father beach. forgive you."

At the

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.' management' 'Christ IS Continued t:rom page ,one a little percentage of them and be satisfied. "The point about NE!vada," Bishop McFarland said, "is that only one-third of the pQpulation has any religious affiliation." Noting that the state, with extremes of heat and cold and a lack of water, is "a harsh and forbidding land," the bishop ad-

ded: "There is today as of old a challenge in the vastness of the land and the spread of its people. "When the diocese was formed 50 years ago the entire population of the state could have been seated in the Pasadena Rosebowl and only 8,000 of them were Catholics, spread over an area twice as large as England."

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Workshop Continued from page twelve audiovisual program projected on a huge screen above the altar. After her brief presentation, the children (from kindergarten through high school) meet in peer groups for an hour. Fiftysix trained teachers staff the program. Meanwhile, the parents remain in the church for a lecture, followed by discussion. But what happens in the classroom and church isn't the heart of religious education, says Sister Brokamp. "The home is the workshop of religious education," she declares, "when children are nurtured, when bloody knees are cared for and bruised egos patched. Home is where children and parents bless each other." ,But she believes Good Shepherd's efforts can and do facilitate the growth of both parents and children. "The parents show such an example" when they take family religious education seriously, she says. "They're saying: 'We'll never know enough about our religion, life, God.''' And when

the parents are driving home in the car discussing with their children what they learned that evening, or helping the children complete papers or lessons later at home, she says, they are telling their children far more through examRle than words ever could. While the religious education nights are the heart of the family program at Good Shepherd, a long list of supplementary programs makes everyone feel even more a part of the parish, including a support group for parents of very young children; special religious education classes for the handicapped; scripture study classes; family retreats; and adult discussion series. Father John L. Rea, pastor, says that Good Shepherd is "a home base for many activities that families want to be involved in." Because the impetus to do those things comes from the families and parishioners themselves, says Father Rea, Good Shepherd is "a friendly place" to do them. And a friendly place, he believes, is just what a parish should be.

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THE ANCHORThurs., Dec. 3, 1981

Holy Family

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Senior Richard Netinho is being congratulated on his alertness, which saved the life of an elderly diabetic on his New Bed.ford newspaper route. When delivering the evening paper recently, Netinho noticed that papers for two previous days were undisturbed and that the house was in darkness at a time lights were usually on. He notified a neighbor, who called police. Officers discovered 71-yearold Enoch Pigeon on the floor in a diabetic coma. He had been ill since the previous Sunday and would undoubtedly have died if help had not reached him, said his doctor. Downplaying the incident, Netinho did not mention it at home until he received a thank you note from Pigeon's daughter. When asked at school how it felt to be a "hero," he replied, "I didn't really do anything, so it doesn't feel any different." In other HF news, students collected canned goods and turkeys for Thanksgiving delivery to 'needy families.

O-CUI

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Community "Community is elusive. We cannot bring it about by willing it. Nevertheless, by seeking relationships, acknowledging and' ceremonializing the deepening relationship, and joining together in common tasks, we can BISHOP DANIEL A. CRONIN congratulates students at Stang High School, North put ourselves into positions Dartmouth, on their collection of Thanksgiving foods for the needy. (Sr. Gertrude Gauwhere community is likely to dette Photo) develop." - James and Mary Kenny

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BEST THAT YOU CAN DO Once in your life you'll find her Someone who turns your heart ar~und And next thiDg you know you're closin' down the town Wake up and she's still with you Even though you left her way across the town You're wonderin' to yourself Hey what've I found. When you get caught between the moon and New York City I know it's crazy but it's true If you get caught between the moon and New York City The best that you can do The best that you can do is fall in love. Arthur, he does what he pleases All of his life his master's toys And deep in his heart He's just, he's just a boy Livin' his life one day at a time He's showing himself a really good time He's laughin' about the way they want him to be•. Sung by Christopher Cross, written by Burt Bachrach, Carole Bayer Sager, Christopher Cross, Peter Allen, (c) 1981 by WB Music Corp., New Hidden Valley Music, Begonia Melodies Inc., Unichappell Music Inc., Pop 'N' Roll Music, Woolnough Music & Irving Music Inc.

"ARTHUR" is a film about a man who does what he pleases, being rich enough to pursue anything he wants. Unfortunately, all the money in the world cannot buy purpose and meaning. Arthur finds his life bankrupt in those areas. The song states that Arthur is "just a boy livin' his life one day at a time." That reminds me of the transition from the teen years to adulthoQd, one of life's most important ;passages. Legal definitions of what it means to be an adult are not that helpful. Adults are individuals who accept responsibility for their lives. Most of us look forward to being adults. We want to make our own decisions and call our own shots. Sadly, some people do not learn that the other half of independence is responsibility. The teen years are a time to take on more responsibility, and to formulate plans for the future. They're also a time for enjoying the people close to you, having fun with friends and family. Much of what you do as a teen will c:arry into adult life, particularly the friendships you form. The best preparation for the future is to live the present fully and responsibly. Your comments are welcome. Address to Charlie Martin, 3863 Bellemeade Ave., Evansville, Ind. 47715.

Advent By Cecilia Belanger Advent is upon us Even now there is that feeling in the air of the birth of the Christ Child, to which we never weary of turning. It's as if we already hear melodious voices preparing us for some big event. The Prince of Peace is coming and oh, how we need peace and peacemakers on this earth! Through the magic of imagination we can place ourselves in that Holy Land in which our Lord was born. We imagine Him being carried in the arms of his mother. The right mother has an impact on a child, even the Child Jesus. Mary's sweetness, grace, modesty, all these things must have influenced the Child. Mary did not go around telling her business from house to house. On many things both she and Jesus were silent. Howattractive are those of quiet thought, of solitary prayer, yet of tacit power. We know little about the hidden life of Christ. Once only is the curtain lifted from those years and that is when Luke narrates the family's journey to Jerusalem when Jesus was 12. We find him questioning as we questioned when we were children and just maybe he found more patience among the doctors of the Temple than does many a I2-year-old of our day. The words of an ancient come to mind who said that Jesus sanctified childhood by passing through it. Even today, children, with proper home guidance, have the same means as Jesus of becoming conscious of their relationship with God. Their growth in the spiritual life comes a little at a time. In Jesus' day children were aware of Holy Writ at a very tender age, being able to repeat the Law by the age of five. The war that Jesus waged must have begun in childhood. He must have observed the harboring of hostility, the infighting and the "might makes right" mentality. The true "world war" does not begin with nations. It goes on ceaselessly under roofs and on the streets. "We wrestle not against ·flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world." Jesus warned that we would never cure war by war. There will never be a "war to end war," but only a peace to end war! What are we fighting for? Who really knows? We, as nations, are hiding our light under a bushel. Christians need to tum more often to him who brought light out of darkness.

Our Own Stories "When we tell our own stories, they may be ab04t ourselves or about someone el~e or about an event; in any case the stories we choose to tell say something about what we value and cherish, and something about our fears and longings as well." Dolores Leckey


THE ANCHOR -

By Bill Morrissette

PC)rls watch Somerset, Canton in Super Bowl Two high school football teams boasting perfect seasons - Somerset and Canton - will meet at 1 p.m. Saturday at Brockton High School's Marciano Field in the Eastern Massachusetts Division III Super Bowl. Each team will enter the contest with 10 victories in all many outings. The confusion and legal moves that followed Somerset':; selection for a Super Bowl III berth last year will not be repeated this year as both schools have undisputed bowl rights. This year Canton clinched the Hockomock League championship with a 43-6 victory over Stoughton on Thanksgivi::lg Day.

Somerset, which had already won the Division Two Southeastern Mass. Conference crown, defeated Case, 23-8, in a nonleague game on the holiday. Bourne's smashing 35-6 victory over Wareham dashed the latter's hopes for a Super Bowl IV berth. Other holiday scholastic football scores: New Bedford 42 Durfee 7, Taunton 26 Coyle-eassidy 6, Dartmouth 12 Fairhaven 7, No. Attleboro 24 Attleboro 13, Sharon 15 Oliver Ames 6, Old Rochester 14 Old Colony 6, Den· nis-Yarmouth 6 New Bedford Voke-Tech 0, Franklin 21 King Philip 14, Mansfield 16 Foxboro 6 Bridgewater 35 Rockland 8.

Miss HathcJway in National Finals Shannon Hathaway, a Durfee High School Spartan freshman, has qualified for the National AAU Junior Olympics to be held in Amarillo, Texas, on Dec. 19. In the New England AAU Olympics held at Apponequet Regional High School in Lakeville Miss Hathaway placed lith in the 13-14 year-old brac:ket to qualify for the nationals. The top 12 in each age bracket quali-

fied for the nationals. Shannon is one of three sisters prominent in track. Jerry Kline of Dartmouth, and Joe Rocha of New Bedford, placed fourth and fifth, respectively, to lead the New Bedford Track Club to second place in the 17-18 category enabling the team to qualify for the nationals. The top three teams qualified.

Connolly Readies For Basketball The Connolly High School Cougars, under new coach Marc Letendre, open their 2:0-game basketball schedule at home to the Durfee Hilltoppers on Dec. 15 in non-league action. Other non-league games before swinging into Southeastern Mass. Conference play are Dec. 18, at Somerset; 21, Attleboro; 23, at Durfee; 26, at Case; 28, at Old Rochester; 30, Great'ar New Bedford Voke; Jan. 2, Case. The Cougars host Somerset on Jan. 22, visit Attleboro on Jan. 26 in non-league contest. Their conference schedule is Jan. 15, at Bishop Feehan; 8, Wareham; 12, at Falmouth; 15, Fairhaven; 19, Dartmouth; 29, Bishop Feehan; Feb. 2, at Wareham; 5, Falmouth; 9 at Fairhaven; 12, at Dartmout:~. Don Chouinard is the jayvee coach. Mrs. Mary Jane Keyes is the girls varsity coach, Mrs. Cindy

deCosta the junior varisty coach. The girls open their 18-game schedule with a non-league game at Seekonk on Dec. 18. They have conference games at home to Westport on Dec. 21 and at Old Rochester on Dec. 23. Defending champion New Bedford defeated Fall River South, 3-1, last Sunday and gained a first-place tie with the Southies in the Bristol County CYO Hockey League, each with 5-2-1 (won, lost, tied) records. South had been setting the pace since the beginning of the season. In the companion game Somerset defeated Marion, 3-2. In the current standings Seekonk is 4-4-0, Marion 1-5-2. Next Sunday night's twin bill in the Driscoll Rink, Fall River, lists Fall River South vs. Somerset at 9 p.m., Marion vs. Seekonk at 10:30.

Ratings not public voice NEW YORK (NC) - Ratings that indicate that television satisfies consumers do" not necessarily mean it is serving the public interest, Les Brown, editor of Channels Magazine, told Catholic broadcasters at the annual assembly of UNDA-USA, the Catholic broadcasters' association. "All of us are the public," he said, "whether we watch television or not." He said that industry officials defend their quality of program-

ming by arguing that ratings show it is what the public wants. However, said Brown, ratings are not "the pubic voice," and people who do not watch television at all have a right to say, 'It is not in the public interest to have so much violence on television,' The federal Communications Commission has made the mistake of taking "the consumer" of broadcasting as equivalent to "the public," he said.

tv, movie news

Thurs., Dec. 3, 1981

15

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Symbols following film reviews indicate both general and Catholic Film Office ratings, which do not always coincide. General ratings: G-suitable for gen· eral viewing; PG-parental guidance sug· gested; R-restricted, unsuitable for children or younger teens. Catholic ratings: Al-approved for children and adults; A2-approved for adults and adolescents; A3-approved for adults only; B-objectionable in part for everyone; A4-separate classification (given to films not morally offensive Which, however, require some analysis and explanation): C-condemned.

New Films An extraordinary cast, led by Henry Fonda, Katharine Hepburn, and Jane Fonda triumph over some pretty hackneyed and contrived material in the screen version of Ernest Thompson's play "On Golden Pond. (Universal). The essence of the play is the loving, incidentally bickering relationship of Ethel and Norman Thayer at the lakeside home where they have spent their summers for four decades. He's a retired professor, of what we never learn. Jane Fonda is Chelsea, the divorced, middle-aged only child of the Thayers, forever at odds with her cantankerous father for reasons never made clear. Dabney Coleman is fine as Chelsea's dentist-husband-to-be.

tion of manipulative tactics such as sleep deprivation, reduced diet, and overwhelming group pressure. It's a little too fat and predictable, but it nonetheless tells its cautionary tale in quite compelling fashion. Especially recommended to teen-agel's and to concerned parents. A2,PG Film on 1V Sun., Dec. 6, 9 p.rn. (NBC) "Young Frankenstein" (1974) Mel 'Brooks' spoof of the horror classic. The usual uneven Brooks' humor with some clever moments. Much vulgarity, verbal and otherwise. A4 Religious Broadcasting Sunday, Dec. 6, WLNE, Channel 6, 10:30 a.m., Diocesan Television Mass. "Confluence," 8 a.m. each Sunday, repeated at 6:30 a.m. each Tuesday on Channel 6, is a panel program moderated by Truman Taylor and having as permanent participants Father Peter N. Graziano, diocesan director of social services, Rev. Dr. Paul Gillespie, of the Rhode Island State Council of Churches; and Rabbi Baruch Korff. This week's topic: Homosexuality.

Sunday, Dec. 6, (ABC) "Directions" - Teen-age suicide the second leading cause of death among young people and increasing at an alarming rate The film belongs to Fonda, is the topic of this week's "Diwho gives a fine performance rections," Guests are Iris Bolton despite the shallow nature of his of Compassionate Friends and psychiatrist Dr. Everett Dulit. role. Check local time. But at least Fonda has someSunday, Dec. 6, (CBS) "For thing to work with. Miss HepOur Times" interviews Dr. Thelburn and Miss Fonda are not so ma Adair of Church Women fortunate. Miss Hepburn's performance, though enjoyable, United on the changing roles of seems too mannered. There is Christian women. Check local little warmth in her relationship time. On Radio with Norman and none at all in Sunday, Dec. 6, (NBC) "Guidethat with Chelsea. Too much of the humor leans line" - Continuing an Advent heavily upon putting vulgarities series on the Gospels, Father in the mouth of either Norman Joseph Fitzmyer of Catholic Unior the 13-year-old boy who versity of America discusses the spends a month with the old_ Gospel of Luke with Father couple. Then there are dentist Joseph Fenton. Check local time. jokes, lesbian jokes, and urbantypes-fearful-in-the-woods jokes. REBE"LLO'S The cast, however, makes "On Golden Pond" worth seeing desNURSERY INC. pite its shortcomings. "On The Cape" Because of vulgarities, obsceni"WE BEAUTIFY OUTDOORS" ties and premarital sex in the Evergreens, Flowering Shrubs, Trees Lawn Fertilizer· Loam - Annuals plot, it is classified A3, PG. "Ticket to Heaven" (United Artists Cassics): This well-made Canadian film is based on "Moon Webs," a book by Josh Freed, which recounts the author's efforts to rescue a friend who left his Toronto home and turned up in San Francisco, gaunt-cheeked and hollow-eyed, selling flowers on a street corner as a disciple of the Rev. Sun Myung Moon. Nick Mancuso gives a fine performance as the young Canadian who goes to San Francisco after the traumatic breakup of a love affair and gets drawn into a religious cult, here fictionalized, by a combination of his own need and the relentless applica-

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16

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 3, 1981

Iteering pOintl., SS. PETER & PAUL, FR A sanctuary Jesse Tree will be decorated throughout Advent by parishioners. Those wishing to make and contribute symbols should contact William O'Neil, spiritual life committee chairman, 672-6346.

ST. JULIE, N. DARTMOUTH As part of the parish Advent program, a soup and bread meal will be served at 6 p.m. Sunday. Proceeds will go to Mother Teresa of Calcutta. The meal will be followed at 7 p.m. by a penance service.

DEACONS, FR DIOCESE Deacons and candidates will attend their annual retreat the weekend of Dec. 11 through 13 at the Family Life Center, North Dartmouth. A day of recollection for their teenage children will be held from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on the Saturday.

5-HOUR VIGIL, FR DIOCESE A 5-hour vigil will be held from 8 p.m. to 1 a.m. tomorrow at Our Lady of Grace Church, North Westport. It will begin and end with Mass and include a holy hour, recited rosary and 10 p.m. coffee break. All welcome.

SEPARATED/DIVORCED, NB The New Bedford support group meets at 7:30 p.m. each Sunday at Our Lady's Chapel. This Sunday a trip to La Salette Shrine is planned. On Dec. 13 Mass will be followed by a social hour; and on Dec. 20 Carl Cruz, probation and family service officer for the probate and family court wiL speak on "Divorce, You and the Court." A house party will be held on Dec. 27. An annulment clinic is held at 10:30 a.m. each Saturday at the chapel. Information: Father Edward Holleran, 996-8274.

CATHEDRAL MUSIC, FR The Greater New Bedford Choral Society, directed by Gerald Dyck, will present a Christmas concert at 8 p.m. Saturday at St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall River. Soloists for J. S. Bach's Magnificat will be Maryanne Adams, soprano; Margaret Carver, alto; Carl Swanson, tenor; Alan Bates, baritone. Also to be offered are four short Bach chorales, Rachmaninoff's Glory Be to God and Corelli's Christmas Concerto. ~rhe program will be repeated at '8 p.m. Sunday at the First Unitarian Church, New Bedford.

ST. STANIS LAt:'S , FR The Little Hours of Our Lady will be recited b Polish during a holy hour each Wednesday morning of Advent. The rosary will be recited at 6:40 p.m. each Wedr..esday. Ho:y Rosary sodalists will meet for the rcsary at 1 p.m. Sunday in the church. A meeting and social hour will follow in the school.

FIRST FRIDAY CLUB, FR The club will meet for 6 p.m. Mass tomorrow at St. Anthony of the Desert Church, 300 N. Eastern Ave. Supper and a talk by Deacon William Hakeem will follow at St. Sharbel Center.

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ST. DOMINIC, SWANSEA The Women's Guild Christmas party will be held Tuesday, Dec. 15, at Marcello's restaurant, Route Six. BLESSED SACRAMENT, FR A "polka Mass" will be celebrated at 6:30 p.m. Saturday, Dec. 19. The Bread of Life charismatic prayer group will sponsor a film, "Go Tell I;veryone" at 10 p.m. following its regular prayer meeting and Mass. Group discussion will be led by Don Sylvain. At the same time Friday, Dec. 11, the topic of "Aridi·ty in Prayer" will be discussed with Mario Barbosa as leader. PRIESTS' PRAYER Priests of the diocese meet for a holy hour and lunch the fourth Monday of each month at St. Julie's Church, North Dartmouth. The next meeting will be at 11 a.m. Dec. 28. All priests welcome. ST. ANNE, FR The St. John's Seminary Choir will be heard in a free Christmas concert at 8 p.m. tomorrow. A parish Christmas party will be held at '7 p.m. Saturday at the school. A Jesse tree ceremony will be held at 4 p.m. Mass Saturday, Dec. 12 and at 10 a.m. Mass Sunday, Dec. 13. LEGION OF MARY, FR DIOCESE The annual Legion reunion will take place at 2 p.m. Sunday at St. Joseph's Church, Fall River. Active Legionaries, spiritual directors, relatives and friends are invited. Prayers will be recited and entertainment presented by each group. Refreshments. ST. MICHAEL, SWANSEA Women's Club members will make a bus trip to New York on Saturday.

.Every Evening November 26 thru January 3' 5:00 - 9:00 P.M.

PRAYER DAY. CAPE & ISLANDS A day of recollection for Cape and Islands prayer groups will be held from 10 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Saturday at Our Lady of Victory Church, Centerville. Bernard O'Reilly will discuss charismatic gifts and Brother Pancratius, C.S.S.R., will conduct an inner healing service.

LaSalette Shrine

OUR LADY OF GRACE, WESTPORT The adult bible study group will meet at 7 p.m. Sunday to discuss the Infancy Narratives. Participan~s are asked to bring a bible. All welcome.

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DAMES PATRONESSES, NB The Dames will hold a Christmas party at 1:30 p.m. Sunday for residents of Sacred Heart Home, New Bedford. Entertainment, gifts, refreshments and presentation of a special gift for the enjoyment of all residents will be on the program. ST. RITA, MARION At Christmas, parishioners traditionally provide a new set of clothing for each child at St. Mary's Home, New Bedford. Those wishing to participate may sign up at the church.

ST. ANTHONY, MATTAPOISETT With the theme "Come, Lord Jesus," a series of parish preparations for Christmas will be held at 7 p.m. each Thursday of Advent. All welcome. ST. JOSEPH, FAIRHAVEN The Couple's Club will hold a Christmas party Sunday. ST. KILIAN, NB The parish Christmas party is slated for 1:30 p.m. Sunday, Dec. l3. Refreshments· and entertainment. CATHOLIC WOMAN'S CLUB, NB The New Bedford High School Concert Chorale will present Christmas music at a meeting scheduled for 7:30 p.m. Wednesday at the Wamsutta Club. ST. JAMES, NB The Ladies' Guild Christmas party will be held at 7:45' p.m. Wednesday in the lower church hall. Entertainment will be by the Stetsonaires. Refreshments. ROSARY HOUR, NB The third annual DominicanFranciscan Rosary Hour honoring the Immaculate Conception will be held at 2 p.m. Sunday at Our Lady's Chapel, New Bedford. Guests will include members of the Blue Army and the Legion of Mary. All welcome. ST. MARY, SEEKONK A First Saturday Mass at 9 a.m. Saturday will be followed by the rosary. The Women's Guild Christmas party will be at 7 p.m. Monday at the CCD center. WIDOWS/WIDOWERS, ATTLEBORO AREA A support group meets at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow at St. Theresa's parish hall, South Attleboro. ST. THOMAS MORE, SOMERSET The Women's Guild will hold a Christmas potluck supper and entertainment at 6:30 p.m. Thursday, Dec. 10, in the parish center. Members are asked to bring an exchange gift and one for a shutin. Reservations close Sunday. Parents of first communion candidates will meet at 11 a.m. Sunday in the center. Confirmation candidates will be presented to the pastor at 7 p.m. Mass Monday, following a 6 p.m. penance service. The youth group will hold a hay ride and caroling party Saturday, Dec. 19. Reservations close Sunday. D OF I, BOURNE New officers of Mother Cabrini Circle, Daughters of Isabella, include Catherine H. D. B.owen, regent; Florence Carey. vice-regent and treasurer; Mary Bugg and Elba Tamagini, secretaries; Letitia Coppi, scribe. ADORERS, FAIRHAVEN Blessed Sacrament Adorers will sponsor exposition of the Blessed Sacrament following 8:30 a.m. Mass to 9 p.m. tomorrow at Sacred Hearts Church. Fairhaven. SACRED HEART, FR A Jesse tree will be on view in the sanctuary during Advent with symbols added weekly recalling events in salvation history. Christmas gifts for nursing home patients may be left under the tree this weekend or next. The Durfee High School Vocalaires will entertain at the Women's Guild Christmas party at 7 p.m. Monday. A buffet supper will be served. SEPARATED/DIVORCED, FR The area support group for separated, divorced and remarried Catholics will have a children's Christmas party at 2 p.m. Sunday at Our Lady of Fatima church hall, Swansea. Those wishing to attend may call Father John P. Cronin, 676-1541. An adult potluck supper and party will be held at 7 p.m. Wednesday, Dec. 16, also at the hall. Reservations may be made with Father Cronin.


12.03.81