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AN ANCHOR OF THE SOUL, SURE AND FIRM -HEB. 6:19

t eanc 0 FALL RIVER, MASS., THURSDA V, OCTOBER 27, 1977

VOL. 21, NO. 43

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INecessity Doctrine Wins Major Pro-Life Victory

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FAIRFAX, Va. (NC) A Fairfax County judge has ruled that life begins at conception in a decision acquitting five right to life activists of criminal trespass charges at an abortion clinic just outside Washington D.C. Attorneys for the defendants said the judge's Oct. 17 verdict acquitting the five. could have far-reaching effects on the prolife movement's tactics in the near future. General District Court Judge Lewis H. Griffith ruled that while trespass did take place during the May 14 demonstration inside the Women's Medical Center, the defendants were justified in believing they were saving life by entering the clinic, and that they therefore did not commit criminal acts.

Bishop to Lead NCCW M'embers

Catholic Press Gets B+ As The Anchor prepares to host its first Catholic Press Association (CPA) regional meeting, staffers are paying particular attention to a Gallup Poll "report card" on American Catholic newspapers.

The report showed that the Catholic press in the United States is generally liked by its readers, scoring about B plus in traditional report card terminology. Turn to Pa,;e Seven

Bishop Cronin will head a delegation of 23 members from the Fall River diocese attending the annual convention of the National Council of Catholic Women (NCCW), to be held in San Antonio, Texas, Wednesday, Nov. 2 through Sunday, Nov. 6. Turn to Page Seven

Blessing Slated For New Offices

JAMES A. DOYLE, Catholic Press Assn. executive director, at left, and Robert L. Fenton, CPA president and Catholic Digest publisher, next to him, at session of Catholic World Congress of the Press in Vienna. Both will attend Hyannis regional CPA meeting sponsored by The Anchor

October

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IS

The new offices of the Diocesan Department of Social Services and Special Apostolates at 783 Slade St., Fall River, will be blessed at 2 tomorrow afternoon by Bishop Daniel A. Cronin. The ceremony will be the high point of an open house to be held from 1 to 4 p.m. The diocesan offices, formerly located at 368 No. Main St., Fall River, offer a wide range of social services and are supported through the annual Catholic Charities Appeal. Father Peter N. Graziano, STL, MSW, is director of the department, aided by Father Thomas L. Rita, M. Div. The diocesan offices for health facilities and for the Society for the Propagation of the Faith remain at the North Main Street address.

According to attorneys for the group, they are not aware of any ruling in a previous criminal case in which the "judge has held that life begins at conception. Judge Griffith's decision can have a persuasive, though not a binding, effect on other courts,

spokesmen for the nine lawyer team pointed out. The¡ five defendants were Leszak Syski of Silver Spring, Md.; David Gaetano of Wheaton, Md.; Mrs. Florence Smith of Clinton, Md.; Mrs. Karen Torres of ArTurn to Page Seven

Synod Works Toward Short Final Report By John Maher

VATICAN CITY (NC) - In its third week of work, the fifth world Synod of Bishops seemed agreed on issuing a short final doculllent and submitting its papers to Pope Paul VI for a lengthier treatment of catechesis. !But disagreements were also apparent on what such documents should contain. After hearing 141 oral interventions in general sessions during the synod's first week and receiving other written interventions, the 204 synod members divided into 11 small language-groups for further discussion. Among the points repeatedly made in small group reports: - Catechesis must be Christcentered and must involve not

only speaking about Christ but efforts to have those catechized come into contact with Christ in prayer. - While efforts must be made to convey the Christian message in a way suited to the age, mentality and culture of those being catechized. such adaptation must not distort the message. - Those being catechized should be made aware of a hierarchy of truths. Such a hierarchy does not mean that some doctrines are less true, but that some are less important than others. - All catechesis includes celebration of the faith in the sacraments and profession of knowledge of the word of God, Turn to Page Seven

E PLURIBUS' UNUM, in the Church as in the nation, is evident at Synod session where bishops of many races and cultures gather. Here they join in opening prayer, symbolizing their unity as they strive for agreement in resolving many difficulties involved in catechesis of all ages.

pro-life month


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27, 1977

ill People路Places路Events-NC News Briefs ill Spider, Fly?

Shike Ends

VATICAN CITY - Two key Italia:.; churchmen - Cardinal Giovanni Benelli of Florence and Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice - have voiced a strong negative reaction to recent promises by Ita'.i'an Communist leader Enrico Berlinguer that Communists in power would' respect. freedom of religion in Italy. The Vatican daily newspaper, L'Osservatore Romano took a cautious but surprisingly more conciliatory stance.

ROCKVILLE CENTRE, N.Y. - After an emotional meeting, unionized lay teachers in the Rockville Centre diocese have broken a 64-64 deadlock and voted to accept a new two-year contract, ending a six-week strike affecting nearly 7,000 students.

Doesn't Help DES MOINES Studies conducted over the last 20 years indicate that tile death penalty does not prevent murder, according to Professor Ron Simons of the Iowa State University sociology department, who spoke at a conference on the death penalty sponsored in part by the Iowa Catholic Conference.

Priests, Nuns Subpoenaed FATHER TERRENCE KEENAN

is new associate pastor at Sacred Heart parish, Taunton.

MANILA - The martial law government of the Philippines has subpoenaed 19 priests and nuns, all officials of the Association of Major Suoeriors of the Philippines, for que~tioning about their involvement in publishing material considered to be subversive. WASHINGTON - Congress has sent President Carter a bill extending U.S. assistance to Indochinese refugees fflr four mOre years and allowing the refugees to become permanent residents. There are now about 145,000 refugees in 'i;he Unitp.d States.

As It Really Is VATICAN CITY - "Mother Teresa's bishop," Cardinal, Trevor Picachy of Calcutta, said that participants in the world Synod of Bishops' and Western media have been unable to understand poverty as it really is. The cardinal said at a synod-related press conference in the Vatican Oct. 20 that he had tried "several times" to get the synod to "realize the meaning of poverty in the context of actuality and not in the realm of morality."

PEDRO

LCWR Statement Opposed A recent statement on abortion by the Leadership Conference of Women Religious (LCWR) "undermines the policies and strategies of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB)," !iccording to a critique that has been sent to all bishops in the United States. It was drafted by Msgr. James T. McHugh, director of the NCCB's Committee for Pro-Life Activities.

.PHILADELPHIA African priests may someday evangelize Americans, Nigeria's first native bishop believes. Cardinal Dominic I. Ekandem said recently African Christians must be mission mind.. ed because "the Church does well when it is mission minded." He added, however, that he thinks African missionaries to the United States are still in the distant future.

Perspective Error PARIS A group of 182 French worker-priests said "an error of perspective" leads to the affirmation that Marxism and the Christian faith are incompatible. The priests issued a statement in reply to documents published l:>y the French bishops last July which con~ demned participation by Christians in Marxist political parties.

APARICIO,

head of EI Salvador bishops' conference, says arrest and torture of religious in his country is result of military "obsession for national security."

"FATHER PAT,". Father Andre Patenaude, MS, will be among contributors to Evening of Contemporary Music at Fall River Religious Arts Festival Friday, Nov. 4 at Central Congregational Church.

Their Turn?

Would Extend Aid

BISHOP

One of Two VATICAN CITY Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, was one of two world Synod of Bishops members elected on the first ballot to the 15-member Council of the Synod, which carries on the work of previous synods and prepares for upcoming ones.

Diocese of Fall River

SINGER-EVANGELIST Anita Bryant, anti-homosexual rights crusader, prays for man who hit her in face with a banana cream pie at Des Moines press conference.

OFFICIAL ASSIGNMENTS Rev. Raymond Robida from Assistant, Immaculate Conception parish, Taunton, to Assistant, Corpus Christi parish, Sandwich, effective Wednesday, October 26, 1977. . Rev. David Belliveau, SJ, from Assistant, St. Patrick parish, Fall River, to Assi!itant, St. William parish, Fall River, effective Wednesday, November 2, 1977. Rev. Terrence F. Keenan from Assistant, St. James parish, New Bedford, to Assistant, Sacred Heart parish, Taunton, effective Wednesday, November 9, 1977. FIRST PRIESTLY ASSIGNMENT Rev. John A. Raposo, Assistant at St. James parish, New Bedford, effective Wednesday, November 2, 1977.

CARDINAL JAMES KNOX, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship, cautioned Synod of Bishops against making liturgy "exclusive center of catechesis."

REMINDER: Tuesday, Nov. 1 - All Saints Day Wednesday, Nov. 2 -

All Souls Day

PERCY QOBOZA, editor of Johannesburg black newspaper, stands outside his office after the paper was ordered to cease public<l-tion for its opposition to apartheid.


FATHER JOHN RAPOSO kneels before Bishop Cronin immediately following his ordination at S1. Mary's Cathedral last Saturday. Below, the new priest with the Bishop after the ceremony.

Indian Census The Greater Redman's Learning Foundation is· undertaking a census of people of American Indian ancestry in the greater Fall River area. Facts as to the number of such individuals are needed in order to qualify the foundation for state and federal funding to establish an intertribal council and develop programs of benefit to the Indian community. People of whole or partial Indian ancestry are asked to contact the foundation at 264 Griffin St., Fall River, telephone 679-0041.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27, 1977

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Homily Program Urged at Synod VATICAN CITY (NC) - Two American delegates to the Synod of Bishops have urged priests to plan a program of Sunday homilies to explain basic Church teachings imd tradition. Cardinal John Carberry of St. Louis told the 204 members of the world synod that they should "exhort priests and their helpers to prepare together themes for .the iiturgical celebrations through which the faithful will be offered in a determined period an adequate presentation of Church teachings."

Relentless Hell "Poverty is the. open-mouthed, relentless hell which yawns beneath civilized society." -Henry George

Archbishop John Whealon of Hartford, Con., said in a synod speech, "Now for several years our faithful have 1).eard no homily concerning post-Biblical doctrines, liturgy, Catholic practice or devotions." He said that a program of homilies is needed so that priests can systematically instruct Catholics in the faith and Catholic tradition.

Golden Wedding Mr. and Mrs. Edward Keohan of Corpus Christi parish, Sandwich, have marked their golden wedding anniversary at a celebration attended by five of their six children, including Father Keohan of St. Rose parish, Chelsea, a former missioner in Peru.

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• Told To 'Wash Feet' BROOMFIELD, Colo. (NC) "The mission of the Church is to wash feet, as Jesus did - to place yourself in a position of service to and for others," Father Pat McCaslin of Omaha told the fourth annual Rocky Mountain Area Convention of Permanent Deacons. "The ordained need to remove themselves from any pedestal which still remains," the priest said in his keynote address at the convention in Broomfield, near Denver. Father McCaslin, director of the permanent deacon program in the Omaha archdiocese and president of the National Association of Permanent Deacon Directors, asked the more than 150 deacons, deacons' wives and deacon candidates in attendance who needs the permanent diaconate? "God needs it," he said. "He needs people who have met the Lord, wish to follow, and share

the gift of discovery We must give others the Resurrection home." The people of God who make up the Church also need it, he said. "All humans need and use symbols to say something. Deacons are symbols who embody man's call to serve . . !'

St. Vincent de Paul Greater Fall River Council of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul will meet for Mass at 7 p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 2 at St. Patrick's Church. Somerset. A meal and meeting will follow at Suspiro Country Club, 2648· County St., Somerset. The council's corporate communion will take place at 8:30 a.m. Sunday, Dec. 4 at Our Lady of Grace Church, Westport. Breakfast will follow in the parish center.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27, 1977

themoorin~ Diocesan Census As announced by the steering committee for the 75th Anniversary of the Diocese, one of the undertakings of this noteworthy celebration will be a diocesan census. Nothing could be more welcome as part of the spirit of jubilee. Few take the time to reflect on the sociological changes at work in this diocese. Among them, of course, is an increase in the general population which in turn has an important effect on the way the Church responds to basic needs. For example, the large influx of immigrants from Portugal has revitalized many national parishes which only a few years ago had but limited ability to function as a catalyst in urban life. The best urban renewal of our mill towns has not come from the extravagance of the federal government or the real concern of local politicians. Rather it has come from the thousands of immigrants who have sought to live the American dream. Another example of population trends affecting a given church area is supplied by Cape Cod. In the past 10 years its growth has been phenomenal. Areas that were strictly summer vacation spots have now become thriving suburban centers. What this population growth has meant in terms of the number of new Catholics in the diocese has not been determined exactly. We do know that a census by city and towns is an ongoing project which can be of tremendous service to the diocese in its own proposed determination of population. If the Church is to meet the spiritual needs of the people of God who have immigrated and migrated to this area, then full support must be given to this important proposed undertaking. A project of this scope will need months of careful preparation and evaluated professionalism. However, if it is to be successful, it must first of all . havethe total cooperation of the clergy if it is to be effective in determining future policies and proposals of the diocese. For all of us the census should be a welcomed chal·lenge, a chance to express the Church"s sense of mission in our own area. We must realize that the church cannot function if it ignores the basic sociological tides that affect man's life in a given area at a particular time. The fact that this diocese is ready to undertake such an important work as a complete census of its territory should make us all realize that the Church's missionary efforts are very much present in Southeastern Massachusetts.

Another Reminder Sometimes people have a feeling that their little contribution to the charitable works of the Church really does not have much of an impact. Well, here is another reminder that every little bit does add up. During the 12 months ending this past June, U.S. Catholic Relief Services (CRS) provided aid, rehabilitation and development assistance valued at $240.3 million to some 18 million persons in 85 countries. Last year's Thanksgiving Clothing Collection, for example, brought in clothing valued at $14 million. Operation Rice Bowl, a proven Lenten program of sacrifice and almsgiving of which 75 percent goes to CRS, collected $5 million for the needy of the world. The Catholic Medical Mission Board gave $7.4 million in supplies. These facts and figures should silence some of the Church's critics who have purposely equated the issues of abortion and poverty. They attack the Church on the premise that its anti-abortion position affects only the poor. From this they would have us believe that the Church has little concern for those who live in the twilight zone of poverty. The Church realizes that the only way to help the poor is to fight poverty, as evidenced by CRS and many other Church-related agencies. Abortion forces should really be quite careful as they try to get their feet out of their mouths.

ph·otom,editati,on A man sits alone ... amid the litter ... left at the fairgrounds ... after the fair ... Not long before ... hundreds of people sat there . . . eating ... drinking · .. enjoying the excitement ... of a demolition derby · . . the climax of the weeklong fair . . . which itself climaxed the long, hot summer. The excitement is over ... the cheering has died . out . . . and all but this solitary gentleman . . . have gone their way . . . He sits surrounded by litter . . . the cluttered remnants of spent pleasures ... He sits pondering ... perhaps wondering at the transitoriness of all things. Life ceaselessly passes . . . in an irregular rhythm · .. of excitement and boredom ... peak moments and daily monotony ... Seasons come and go ... tempting packages become ugly litter ... only to be recycled ... back into the endless stream of things ... All things pass. The endlessly restless river of life " . . whispers with increasing urgency ... tl).e words of Jesus: "Do not store up for yourselves . . . treasure on earth . . . where it grows rusty and moth-eaten . . . and thieves break in to steal it ... Store U!J treasure in heaven ... where there is no moth and no rust to spoil it .' .. no thieves to break in and steal . . . For where your treasure is . . . there will your heart be also." (Matthew 6;19-21)

The Bakke Case By Jim Castelli

WASHINGTON (NC) - The Allen Bakke case seems to involve the proverbial clash between an irresistible force efforts to compensate for past societal discrimination against minorities - and an immovable object - the rights of white males concerned with "reverse discrimination." The facts of the case: Allen Bakke, now 37, was rejected by 16 medical schools at age 32. One was the University of California Medical School at Davis,

which sets aside 16 of 100 available slots for disadvantaged students. Bakke claims that if there were no such program at Davis, he would have been admitted among the 100 most qualified applicants. He says prefence was given to minorities and that he was discriminated against because he is white. He claims that Davis used a racial "quota" to exclude whites. The California Supreme Court ruled in his' favor. Many have argued civil rights efforts could be set back 20 years and "af-

the ancholS) OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722 675.7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D.

EDITOR

FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATOR

Rev. John F. Moore. M.A.

Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan ,.(l.';'''' leary Presl-- fall R,vlr

firmative action" programs would be crippled if Bakke wins. One way to understand the case is to look at some specific questions it raises: Q. What is "affirmative action?" A. "Affirmative action" is based on the belief that it is not enough to present victims of past discrimination with equal opportunity if that discrimination has left them handicapped in competition. It includes efforts to make up for past discrimination by such means as compensatory training and expanded recruitment. "Q. What is a "quota" and are they unconstitutional? A. That is in many ways the key issue in the case. Put another way. the Bakke case could answer the question of whether there is a difference between "numerical goals" and quotas. "Numerical goals" are voluntary or imposed targets used to measure progress in affirmative action programs. FOIl example, a school may set a goal of 15 percent minority admissions, but there is no penalty if the goal is not reached if a good faith effort has been made. The use of numerical goals, does not mean that unqualified students must be admitted or unqualified employes hired. A "quota" is a fixed percentage which must be met whether applicants are qualified or not. Some people believe the distinc· tion between "goals" and "quotas" is valid; some do not. Q. Is the Davis program a "g{)al" or a quota?" A. That is the major factual question the court must decide. The Davis program was officially for the disadvantaged, including whites, but none of the 132 persons admitted through the special program were white. The Justice Department has argued that there is not enough information to determine just how the Davis program was operated. Q. Has the cour:t addressed the question of equal protection for whites in the past? A. The Civil Rights Commission notes that the court has ruled in employment cases that "the protection of the interests of white employes, however innocent of any wrongdoing they may be, cannot be purchased at the expense of a continuing denial of opportunity to members of groups that have been subjected to discrimination." But the court has said whites must be treated fairly. Q. How well are minority students represented in medical and law schools today? A. According to the Civil Rights Commission, only four to six percent of law and medical school students are members of minority groups. The Commission also notes that minorities have filled a disproportionately small number of new professional school openings created during the last two decades. The Bakke case is not easy and virtually any decision will be open to question. and misunderstanding. But it is important to emphasize one point: it is possible and even likely that the court can rule that affirmative action programs and' even numerical goals are constitutional.


THE ANCHORThurs., Oct. 27, 1977

Synod Important On Many Levels By John Muthig VATICAN CITY (NC) - As the fifth world Synod of Bishops opens in Vatican City, almost all those involved - the 200 prelates from 100 countries who are members of the synod, the heads of the Roman Curia, catechetical experts in Rome for the meeting, and maybe even Pope Paul VI himself - are scratching their heads wondering what will come out of the month of discussion on catechetics. Perhaps none of the previous four synods called by Pope Paul has aroused less interest around the Catholic world. In the United States, for example where more than six million Catholic children are said to have had no formal religious education, only 49 out of 169 dioceses responded to a Vatican pre-synod questionnaire. on religious education. Much of the reaction to the upcoming synod arises from disillusionment over the synod's strictly consultative function. The synod can pass no laws or issue no decrees. 1t can write documents and proposals. But enactment of any synod decisions depends solely on the Pope. The last synod on evangelization, in fact, was unable to pull together enough momentum to draft final recommendations for Pope Paul. Members decided at the last minute to send all their speeches and synod minutes to the .Pontiff, who then issued an apostolic exhortation on evangelization. The document aroused little Interest. Some synod veterans actually question whether synods are worth the time and money expended for them. Yet while the current synod, which will be in session until the end of October, may not produce many new ideas in the field of religious education, it will have unparalled importance in other areas. Synods held every three years are one of the few opportunities given to many cardinals living outside of Rome to get to know fellow cardinals. The month of constant discussion, political maneuvering and social interaction gives cardinals an important chance to case the field of possible papal candidates in preparation for the next papal election. Regional and international ties among the world's bishops' conferences are also solidified during synods. IBishops from weathy nations get the opportunity to learn about hardships faced by the Church in the Third World or in socialist lands. The synod is also one of the few occasions in which bishops from countries where the Church is persecuted are permitted exit visas to visit the Vatican. This synod will give Pope Paul the first possibility to present to the world's bishops firsthand the Vatican's position regarding the traditionalist rebellion started by French Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre. In presenting his case to the bishops, the Pope will also be able to sound out the Church's world leaders on the impact the rebelliolls French priests had had in their home areas.

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Dinner To Benefit Sisters of Mercy

Citizens for Life Pro-life legislators on the state and national level were honored at the annual state dinner of Massachusets Citizens for Life, held last Saturday in Framingham. "They give renewed lustre to the word "representative" declared Katherine P. Healy, president of the statewide group. Rev. Henry J. Hyde (R-Ill.), author of the pro-life Hyde amendment, was the dinner speaker and greetings were extended by Bishop Lawrence J. Riley, Dr. Mildred F. Jefferson and Rep. Philip D. Moran. .........111111..."111..'"1'.'.."_'•.,100..· _...._,,,,,... ,"""1'1...11111"''''11_

THE ANCHOR

Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02722 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fa II River. Subscription price by mail, postpaid $5.00 per yur.

attended by many who have benefited from the Sisters' services over the years. Tickets are available from the following: - Sister Marie Lourdette, St. Vincent's Home, Fall River, telephone 679-8511. - Sister Rose Angela, Our Lady of Mercy Convent, Attleboro, 222-7970.

Necrology

October 28 Rev. Alfred E. Columbe, 1923, Pastor, St. George, North Westport Rev. Stanislaus Kozikowski, OFM Conv., 1956, Pastor, St. Hedwig, New Bedford November 1 Rev. William H. McNamara, 1924, Pastor, St. Mary, Mansfield Rev. Louis N. Blanchet, 1927, Assistant, St. John Baptist, Fall River Rt. Rev. John F. Ferraz, 1944, Pastor,. St. Michael, Fall River Rt. Rev. George F. Cain, 1953, Pastor, St. Matthew, Fall River November 2 A Memento for the repose of the souls of our priests not on this list. Rev. Joseph S. Fortin, 1923, Founder, St. John Baptist, Fall River Rev. Michael V. McDonough, 1933, Chaplain, St. Mary Home, New Bedford

SISTERS OF MERCY who spent their years of active ministry in the Fall River diocese and now retired at Mt. Rita Health Centre are, from left, Sister Mary Immaculata, Sister Mary Scholastica, Sister Mary Eugene, Sister Mary Edmund and Sister Mary Concepta. Schools and parishes they have served include St. Mary's, No. Attleboro; Holy Family, Holy Name, St. James, St. John, St. Kilian, St. Lawrence, New Bedford; our Lady of Mercy, Attleboro; and St. Vincent's Home, Mt. St. Mary, St. Patrick, St. Louis. St. Mary, St. Joseph, Fall River.

A dinner to benefit ill and retired members of the Sisters of Mercy of the dioceses of Fall River and Providence will be at 7 p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 9 at Venus de Milo restaurant, Swansea. Proceeds will support Mt. St. Rita Health Centre, Cumberland, R. I., a fully equipped and licensed nursing and retirement center for the Sisters. "It is home," say organizers of the dinner, "for the elderly Sisters from the former Mt. St. Mary Convent in Fall River who served the Fall River diocese so generously and faithfully. Recent memories include Sister 'Miriam O'Neil's last days of comfort and care before her death.· "It is a heartwarming com· mentary on the Sisters working at Mt. St. Rita that they can provide to meet diverse needs," they continue, pointing out that the center serves younger religious forced by illness to leave the active ministry. "A recent example," they say, "is that Sister Mary Sheila Sullivan, who recently moved to the centre after teaching for 15 years at Bishop Feehan High School, Attleboro. She has found a staff awareness of her social adjustment needs as well as those of a physical, spiritual and communal nature." The Nov. 9 dinner is the centre's only fundraising activity and supporters hope it will be

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- Sister Mary Nora, St. James Convent, New Bedford, 992-3694. - Sister Mary Margretta, Our Lady of Lourdes Convent, Taunton, 822-9206. Sister Zita Mary, Nazareth Hall, Hyannis, 775-1107. Sister Mary Alban, Mt. St. Rita, 1-401-333-6352. .

Mausoleum Mass Mass for all buried or entombed in the cemetery will be offered at 7 p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 2, All Souls Day, at the mausoleum chapel of Notre Dame Cemetery, Fall River. The public is invited.

Jail South African Priest JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (NC) The ecumenical Christian Institute was among 18 organizations and two major newspapers banned by South Africa in the government's most sweeping crackdown ever against opponents of apartheid. Father Smangaliso P. Mkhat· shawa, general secretary of the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference, was onlf of an estimated 50 to 70 black and white leaders rounded up by security police in pre-dawn raids on homes and offices. The priest, a black, was already under a five-year ban. Bans on persons deny them the rights to meet with more than two persons at a time, to speak or write or be quoted publicly, to travel outside a specified geographical district, or to be outside their assigned residence from dusk until dawn. Those newly placed under fiveyear ban included Anglican Father David Russell of Holy Cross church in Nyanga black township, an activist who has been campaigning for the rights of black squatters evicted from shanty towns near Cape Town; and the Rev. Theo Kotze, a Methodist minister who was Cape Province director of the Christian Institute. At the Vatican, world Synod of Bishops participant Archbishop Denis Hurley of Durban, South Africa, said that the crackdown· meant that "South Africa is entering into the last phase of conflict - the phase of violence." Archbishop Hurley, 61-yearold Cape Town native, said that the crackdown can be interpreted in two ways. "In light of the decision to hold elections and write a new constitution giving unlimited powers to the president, these events can be

seen as an attempt to remove all opposition and to mobilize all available white strength to fight boycotts and other economic pressure on South Africa," he said. He also saw the move as a possible attempt by the government "to avert a split in its ranks and a breakaway of the right wing." The archbishop said that the government's attempts to win the "broadest possible mandate" might include "some minor adjustments" in the status of blacks. But these, he said, "would not convince anybody."

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27,1977

Are We Killing. Goose That' Laid Golden Egg? By

REV.

ANDREW M. GREELEY

Catholic school finances are a subject on which more wrong-headed ignorant nonsense is spoken than anything else in the church. Cath. olic "liberals," for example, assume as a matter of course that funds used for Catholic schools could be "diverted" to other and . better uses. It never occurs to them that such an assumption is both authoritarian and cieri-

calist. The funds do not belong Hellwig and the hierarchy deto the "church;" they come cide. All the evidence is that, rather from the contributions of though they are not nearly so individual Catholic laity and their smart as Ms. Hellwig, the latity still want their schools. families. The hierarchy, on the other Thus when Monika Hellwig spoke recently of the "church's hand, de facto follows a policy pouring massive resources into not unlike Ms. Hellwig's final Newman chaplaincies, parochial suggestion: It closes down Cathreligious education, particularly olic schools and doesn't build for teen-agers and young, and new ones on the grounds that it abandoning some or all stages of cannot afford them. It has never the parochial schools system," occurred to our leadership that she was speaking with charac- Catholic schools are a moneyteristic Teutonic clericalism and . making rather than a moneyauthoritarianism. Those "mass- losing operation because those ive funds don't get poured by who have children in Catholic Ms. Hellwig or by the church. schools are more generous in They get "poured" by individual their contributions. If you close latity who will make up their down Catholic schools you are own minds no matter what Ms. going to lose money in the pres-

ent generation and a tremendous amount in the next.

olic school enrollment (317 million). Common sense would lead one Re-analyzing National Opinion to ask whether by closing CathResearch Center data, I discov- olic schools one might be killing ered recently that bolding con- the goose which laid the golden stant both income and church egg. No one asked and the goose attendance, those who attended is dying - with an impact on the Catholic schools give about $6 next generation of Catholic givmore a year for each extra year . ing which staggers the imaginaof Catholic education they have tion. Indeed in 1974 the annual and those who have children in income of the Church was alCatholic schools give $104 more ready down 76 million because a year than those who do not. of the lower proportion of chilCombining these figures, it de- dren in Catholic schools. The veloped that some 12 percent of hierarchy is out to kill the teachthe annual income of the Cath- ers' unions to save money and olic church (about $460 million) it wastes the contributions of can be accounted for either by the future by destroying a major present Catholic school enroll- capital resource. ment (143 million) or past CathThat's real business acumen.

Company's Pr,estige I,nver sle By

MARY CARSON

I-just read an article on the work that is being done in some dioceses with pre-Cana conferences. I'm sure' the leaders are instructing in the spiritual and emotional marvels of marriage. Do they also cover the practical? After 23 years I'm still learning things that may be useful to today's about-to-be-married. Anyone wanting to incorporate these

tid-bits into pre-eana instruction is welcome: • Cigarettes and tissues don't wash. I'm referring to the popular use of "wash." If you fail to check a pocket 'and they go through the laundry, they make a mess. • If you are planniig a' house, do not install your laundry room right below a bathroom. Ignore the claims of builders that it's more economical. If you've just done five loads of laundry, have it clean and folded on a shelf right below the upstairs bathroom, an~ your little one fails observe the simple rule of physics that y,ou can't make a bathtub deeper by piling the water up above the top, you'll know why.

'to

,

-

Living Roo,m' Orde:r

• The prestige of the unex- est when there is no one around pected company is inversely pro- to cut it. portional to the cleanliness of • If your budget balances your living room. 'you've forgotten to include some • Forget about cooking nice trivial item like the rent. economical meals that your fam• You will need nothing that ily will just love. If it's cheap you' are saving until the day they won't. after you throw it out. We were expecting company. • Wallpaper only peels when We weren't sure if they were you don't want it to. If you are staying for lunch. To be on the trying to remove it, it stays like safe side I sprung for $17 worth it was laminated. of cold cuts and bakery bread. • Don't ever criticize the beThey didn't stay. The kids went havior of someone else's kids. through the cold cuts faster than Your own will turn around and the operator of the shell game at do something worse. a carnival. • The month and money are "Why don't you do this more like milk and Oreos . , . they 'often, Mom. This is GREAT!" never come out even. Never once did I see that en'. If you are planning afa'm-. thusiasm for celery soup. ily, don't fight a few well-known • The grass is always green-. truths. Shoes do get up and

walk around during the night. Books that were all gathered the night before go looking for the wandering shoes. Kids are most willing to help with chores for the entire time they are incapable of doing them. And to gather children quickly for dinner, try discussing something with your spouse that you don't want the kids to hear. • If you are insistent on having everything your way, instant gratification and self-satisfaction, forget about getting married. ,But if you are willing to give it a chance the rewards are there. Last night r. was on the phone when my little one slipped a badly printed note into my hand, "Dear Mom, I love you."

Carter, Supremely Intelligent, Needs Humility

By

REV. JOHN B.

SHEERIN, CSP

One of President Carter's heaviest burdens is his brother Billy. It is inevitable that the public should identify clowning Billy with his illustrious brother but the public more than slightly resents a buffoon making a fortune touring the country on the strength of his relationship to the President. Even though the President puts up with Billy's coarse, doublemeaning remarks, I feel sUre he finds his brother a ponderous albatross around his neck.

The public may be, puzzled by Billy's capers, but then the public was also perplexed by the Senate donnybrook over gas prices, euphemistically called the energy controversy. During the recent filibuster in the Senate, the long-suffering public were baffled, unable to discover what the quarrel was about. They had seen Bert ,Lance on TV at the mercies of Grand Inquisitors Charles Percy (R-Ill.) and Abraham Ribicoff (D-Conn.) and could at least come to a conclusion as to whether Lance was angel or devil. But under the swirling clouds of senatorial rhetoric about oil, the public could only conclude they had not the slightest notion of what specific issues were involved~ As Secretary of Energy James

Schlesinger phrased it, one fac~ quotes a Washington Presidenttion in the debate was "pathol- watcher: "If they ever adminisogically suspicious of the oil in- tered intelligence quotient tests dustry" and the other faction to Presidents, this man (Carhad a firm belief that business ter) would rank very high -. at as usual will solve all our prob- least among the presidents I lems. To the public, that sounded . have known. I like the way his like a game of cops and robbers mind works. I like the quality in which the public could not of it." tell who were cops, who were The abov~-mentioned critic robbers. does not go overboard in his When you don't know what evaluation passing from the the issues are in Ii debate, it may question of Carter's razor-sharp be helpful to listen to the more intelligence to his pride,' heintelligent of the two disputants. says that both Carter and the Panelists on the Oct. I, Agron- circle' around him are proud. sky TV program focused on "We have 'one human element President Carter's intelligence involved here and it is imporas a clue to the right answer to tant. It is the element of price. the basic issue in the debate. This is a proud man. He got Haynes Johnson, in an article where he did on his own." on "The President's Circle" He goes on to say that Carter (Washington Post, Oct. 21), and his counselors see them-

selves as coming out of a smalltown background in Georgia and imagining that their skill, industry and singleness of purpose give them the ability to run the country. 'But their ultimate success or failure in Washington will depend on changing that _ prideful ide~. The President needs the humility to realize that he needs more than his cronies. The Lance episode should be quite disillusioning as far as his "good old boys" are concerned. He needs to understand the immense intricacies of handling the government. If President Carter cultivates this kind of humility, we will probably find that this supremely intelligent man has become one of our grea.test presidents.

Maybe Humanae Generis Was Right, After All? WASHINGTON (NC) - Women who have taken birth control pills for five or more consecutive yeats have a death rate nearly 10 times higher than non-takers, according to the most comprehensive studies ever made of the effects of oral contraceptives. The studies show that, overall, oral contraceptive users have a death rate 40 percent above other women of the same ages, with the risk higher for those

who use the pill for longer periods and for those who smoke cigarettes. Published in the British medical journel, The Lancet, the studies implicate- the pill in deaths from high blood pressure, blood clots, various heart ailments, strokes, and heart attacks. The studies confirm that the risks a woman undergoes when she takes oral contraception is

greater than the risk she takes when she becomes pregnant. Lawrence Kane, executive diredor of the Human Life Foundation, Washington, D.C., said, "The interesting thing is this: for the first time, it has now been said - quoting the study - 'The excess (death rate from the pill) was substantially greater than the death rate from com-_ plications of pregnancy in the controls.' " Kane pointed out that when

the pill was introduced, backers claimed it would save women's lives. The study is interesting, Kane said, in the light of his organization's experiences. "We see large numbers of couples leaving the pill and adopting natural family planning." Kane also said his own experience contradicts the findings of a' highly publicized recent study by Charles Westoff of

Princeton, who concluded, "by the end of this decade, the rhythm methOd . . . is destined to be of historical interest only." The new studies show that every year, 20 per 100,000 oral contraceptive users die pill-related deaths. Risks increase with age and with cigarette smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, obesity and high blood pressure, according to the data.


NCCW Continued from Page One Msgr. John J. Oliveira and Diocesan Council of Catholic Women co-moderators Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes and Father James F. Lyons will also be in attendance. Mrs. Michael J. McMahon, Fall River, NCCW National Organization Services Commission chairman and a candidate for the office of second vice-president oil the national level, will chair a workshop on the 'activities of her commission on Friday, Nov. 4. It will include addresses by Miss Mary Helen Madden, NCCW executive director-elect and Bishop Kenneth Powish of Lansing Mich. and will conclude with a Mass celebrated by Bishop Cronin. The Bishop will also be a concelebrant at a Mariachi Mass scheduled for Saturday, Nov. 5 and the convention's closing Mass the following day. Also a candidate for national office from the Fall River diocese is Mrs. James W. Leith, diocesan council president, who will be unable to attend the convention due to illness in her family. Others attending from the diocese are Mrs. Richard M. Paulson, Taunton, NCCW Boston Province Director, who with Mrs. McMahon will attend preconvention executive meetings Nov. 1 and 2. Also Miss Claire O'Toole, Fall River district president; Miss Ethel M. Crowley, Cape and Islands district president; Miss Adrienne Lemieux, first diocesan vice-president; Miss Margaret M. Lahey, Diocesan Church Communities Commission chairman; Mrs. Aubrey Armstrong, Diocesan Organization Services Commission chairman. Mrs. Raymond 'Poisson, Diocesan Family Life chairman; Miss Angela Medeiros, third diocesan vice-president; Mrs. Eugene Gagnon, Mrs. Manuel Nogueira, Mrs. Frank Krausyk, Miss Catherine P. Harrington, Mrs. Alexander Whelan, Miss Emily Medeiros. Mrs. Gilbert J. Noonan, Mrs. James Quirk, Mrs. Howard Clark, Miss Eileen Henchy. Convention Theme The convention theme is "A Listening Heart" and the keynote speaker will be Connecticut Governor Ella Grasso. Workshops will be held in the five NCCW commissions, comprising, besides Mrs. McMahon's, international affairs, family affairs, church communities, and community affairs. NCCW is a 77-year-old federation of nearly 10,000 U.S. Catholic women's organizations. About 2000 delegates are expected at this year's convention.

For Sisters A monthly day of recollection for all Sisters of the Fall River diocese will be held at 2 p.m. Sunday, Oct. 30 at Our Lady's Chapel, 600 Pleasant St., New Bedford. Rev. Marc Bergeron, associate pastor of St. Anthony's Church, New Bedford, will celebrate the liturgy and give a conference.

THE ANCHORThurs., Oct. 27, 1977

7

Synod Continued from Page One

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CAPE COD MEMBERS of various committees planning the 23rd annual Bishop's Charity Ball, to be held Friday, Jan. 13, include, from left, Mrs. James H. Quirk, Yarmouth; Mrs. Edward Weil Jr., Falmouth; Father John F. Andrews, Cape and Islands area ball director; Miss Ethel M. Crowley, West Harwich, Cape and Islands district president of the Diocesart Council of Catholic Women; Mrs. Gilbert J. Noonan, Falmouth.

Catholic Press Gets B+ Continued from

Pa~e

One

It was presented in Vienna

during the lIth Catholic World Congress of the Press by James A. Doyle, executive director of the Catholic Press Association of the United States and Canada, who will attend the Anchor hosted regional meeting in Hyannis Nov. 9 through 11. <Doyle said preliminary findings from the survey show that "attitudes toward the Catholic press are largely favorable." "The Catholic press gets good marks for providing spiritual and moral guidance, and readers apparently would like to see still more articles focusing in this area." Doyle said. "The chief criticisms are that Catholic publications concentrate too much on Church and liturgical matters and not enough on controversial social issues," he said. "There is, furthermore, some feeling that Catholic publications tend to be 'house organs,' or the arm of the bishops," he added. Doyle said specific criticisms were that the Catholic press "sticks too closely to official -Catholic Church positions," that it "does not give enough attention to social problems." He said Catholic publications "are given good marks on appearance, being easy to read, helping people understand Catholicism." Doyle said the survey showed that about half the persons interviewed had read their diocesan newspaper during the past year. About six in ten read a national Catholic newspaper or magazine. From the survey, it appears that Catholic readers are seeking more guidance in two key areas of life - making ends meet and raising children. And the Catholic press could make great strides among teenagers as well as parents - if they were to address to a greater degree the problems of youth, including drinking, drug abuse and smoking. When Catholics were asked

about the most important function of the Catholic press, many pointed out to a sometimes neglected role of journalism - that of instructing or teaching read-

Pro-Life Continued from Page One lington, Va.; and Kathy MacDonald of Washington, D.C. Following the four hour trial, at which all five defendants took the witness stand, Judge Griffith ruled that evidence presented on behalf of the defendants' belief that life starts at conception had not been rebutted by the prosecution. iDefense testimony was given by Dr. William Enoes, chief of pathology at Northern Virginia Doctors' Hospital. The defense also screened and introduced as evidence the film, "The First Moments of Life." The prosecution argued that a not guilty finding would give a free hand to all types of people who object to legal medical procedures such as blood transfusions, to use direct action to attempt to stop those procedures. But the judge held that the doctrine of necessity, which would, for example, permit a person to break into a burning house in the belief that he could save a life, applied to the defendants. Although Judge Griffith also made it clear that his decision applied only to the case before him, one defense attorney who asked not to be named pointed out: "If the same facts were presented to him again, he'd presumably rule the same way." The attorney said he believes there is "a gap in the Supreme Court's Roe vs. Wade decision," which gives the right to life movement room to maneuver. The Roe decision of January, 1973, was one of the Supreme Court verdicts which struck down most state abortion laws. But, the attorney noted, the Roe decision avoided giving any definition of when life begins.

ers - in addition to the usual function of reporting. Hyannis Meeting The Gallup results are certain to be among topics discussed at the Eastern Regional CPA meeting, to be held in Hyannis Nov. 9 through 11. Geared to practicalities, the convention will include a session on Communication and the Catholic Press chaired by (Brian Wallin, director of communications for the Providence diocese. George Walker, New England district manager for the U.S. Post Office, will discuss postal rates and mailing regulations affecting the Catholic press. Subscription techniques will be the topic of -Leo P. Carroll, circulation manager of The Beacon, the diocesan n~wspaper of Paterson, NJ.; while Owen J. Murphy, editor of the Worcester Free Press, will speak on "A Quality Press." A joint workshop directed by Richard Daw, managing director of National Catholic News Service, and James Doyle, president of the Catholic Press Association, will discuss the goals and services of both organizations. A "Quo Vadis" session chaired by Thomas J. Kilbridge, advertising manager of the Boston ,Pilot, will be open to all delegates for expression of views and sharing of suggestions. The speaker for a convention luncheon will be Arthur La Comara, television critic of the Boston Herald-American. The liturgies to be celebrated daily during the meeting will be arranged by Father James F. Lyons, pastor of St. Patrick's parish, Wareham, and Father John C. Ozug, associate pastor of St. Anthony's East Falmouth. Bishop Cronin will preside at the opening liturgy. Also cooperating in convention preparations are members of the Cape and Islands district of the Diocesan Council of Catholic. Women and Cape Cod candidates for the 'Permanent Diaconate.

the faith in daily life. - Small commur.ities are important, not merely as a strategy for pastoral activity, but as a way to live the Christian life. Such communities, however, must retain relationship with parishes and dioceses. Many small group reports stressed that preparing Catholics to work for social justice is an essential part of catechesis One French language group said catechesis should include an exposition of the essential aspects of the social, economic and political order ,but which contradict the Kingdom of God. Reacting to the small group reports, Bishop Angelus Nam Sou Kim of Su Won, South Korea, complained of too much emhasis on social justice, saving previous synods that stressed human dignity and development should be enough. The report of the Latin language group, presented by Bishop Edward Materski, auxiliary of Kielce, Poland, expressed caution about catechesis in common with other Christians. Bishop Dennis de Jong of Ndola, Zambia, however, defended the use of a common Christian syllabus and materials. He criticized the synod for not paying enough attention to the Second Vatican Council's statement that divisions among Christians are an obstacle to preaching the Gospel. Cardinal George Basil Hume of Westminster (London) said he was disappointed by the failure of the synod to produce a "masterly analysis of the way young people think and react." Although reactions of youth differ from place to place, Cardinal Hume said, "Yet I have a sense that an international pop culture exists which has to be understood...

Advocate Course For Five Priests Five diocesan priests have been named to attend a workshop for advocates to be held for 10 weeks, beginning Oct. 31, at the Pastoral Institute, Boston. They are Father George C. Bellenoit, St. Mark's parish, Attleboro Falls; Father Marc H. .Bergeron, St. Anthony of Padua, New Bedford; Father Bruce Neylon, Holy Name, Fall River; Father Joseph Viveiros, Sacred Heart, Fall River; Father Richard Roy, St. Theresa, Attleboro. The workshop, to cover procedure, law and jurisprudence in the area of marriage cases, is intended to qualify priests to act as advocates during annulment proceedings.

For Nuclear Waste WASHINGTON I(NC) A new kind of glass for storage of potent nuclear wastes has been developed at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. It is described as able to absorb radioisotopes like a sponge but having a tough, resilient surface like steel.


8

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27, 1977

JOSE FALCON and Myra Beltran present gifts to Father Kevin Harrington at Spanish folk Mass. Altar boys, from left: are Edwin

Martinez, Iran Beltran, Angel Rodriguez, Luis Rodriguez. Up to 200 Attleboro Hispanics are regular attendants at liturgy.

At St. Joseph's the Word Is 'Bienvenidos' At St. Joseph's Church in Attleboro the word is "bienvenidos" and the welcome mat is out for /Attleboro area Hispanics, a growing group numbering about 1500 Puerto Ricans, Guatemalans and immigrants from other Central and South American nations. The welcomer is 26-year-old Father Kevin Harrington, who decided as a deacon in the Attleboro area that he wanted to work with Hispanics and who spent the hot summer of 1976 in a New York Puerto Rican parish polishing his high school Spanish. St. Joseph's, since 1905 a parish for Attleboro's large French population, took on its hi-national aspect last November when it also became religious

headquarters for Hispanics in the Attleboro" deanery, with Father Harrington as its coordinator. Under the enthusiastic direction of the young priest, who is also an associate pastor of St. John the Evangelist, Attleboro, St. Joseph's offers a Spanish folk Mass at 11 :45 every Sunday morning for a congregation of up to 200 Hispanics. Other pastoral activities include a bi-lingual CCD program for first through 12th graders, a Friday night adult education program and family Mass, and regular outings for parish children. " But that's not the end of it. Informally, Father Harrington" serves as ombudsman for His-

panics confused by welfare or housing problems, asa community health outreach worker aiding in providing health services for newly arrived families, and as a mediator in situations involving police and courts. In the latter capacity, especially, he is called on at all hours to serve as translator in police situations. Most problems are minor, he says, "but you sometimes have to go down to the police station at 2 a.m. to iron out a situation." He is hoping to obtain services of CETA workers to help with interpreter chores, especially in social service and hospital situations, but he expects his probiems will be lessened as Hispanic children progress through

the Attleboro schools, which he praises as having an excellent bilingual program "with just the right people in the right positions." Despite the program, however. he noted that there is a high dropout rate among Hispanic youngsters. "They see their peers in unskilled jobs and fatal-' istically accept that as their lot in life." The fact that they see college-trained people unable to find good positions doesn't help either, he added. Some 70 percent of the area Hispanics are Catholic, he said, and the majority live within a mile of St. Joseph's which in turn is reasonably close to St. John the Evangelist, a useful arrangement, since although services are held at St. Joseph,

ATTLEBORO HISPANICS SING, PLAY AT WEEKLY FOLK MASS

counseling and office visits of any kind take place at St. John. Father Harrington admits his office facilities are rudimentary, consisting mainly of "a file next to my bed," but he is nevertheless able to handle a wide range of problems for his flock. He said the Marriage Encounter program has great appeal for Hispanics and Encounter weekends are climaxed by festive closing ceremonies attended by all previously "encountered" couples. His work is part of diocesan outreach to Hispanics. Other priests in the program are Father James E. Murphy, Taunton-Attleboro area director for the Spanish apostolate, and Father Charles Soto, OFM, New Bedford area director.


Bishop' Addresses Serrans Bishop Cronin was homUist at a Mass celebrated earlier this month in Providence at a regional conference of Serra International. a men's organization dedicated to encouraging priestly vocations. Excerpts from his remarks follow: So often when we are concerned or anxious about a problem either in our personal lives or the larger ecclesial life of the community of faith, we forget to approach the Lord Jesus. Since He is Wisdom and has the words of eternal life, it rather should be our instinctive practice as believing Christians to place ourselves immediately in the loving and wise care of the Master. We here today are concerned and anxious about Church vocations....We must be at peace. With a calm faith we must approach the Master for wisdom and guidance... The laborers are few. The Master agrees. He utters no word of recrimination. no lament, not a single hint of discouragement; just - "the laborers are. few," The Master quickly adds, however, "Pray therefore the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into his harvest," ...We become aware that the way the Master tells us to obtain laborers for the harvest is to pray to the Lord of the harvest for them.... It is sincerely urged to use the media in fostering vocations to the priesthood and religious life and to church vocatioll" in general. I agree. But I quickly say that we must never forget to begin where the Master told us to begin... The young people of this generation evidence an eagerness to serve their fellowmen . . . yet, so often in their desire to offer themselves in service to others, they fail to consider doing so in the context of service to the Master and His people. ...Pray the Lord of the harvest to touch the hearts of our young men and women ... In addition to praying constantly for increased workers, I would remind you, my dear Serrans, that you also have work to do in the gathering of that harvest. ...

Plan National CYO Meeting WASHINGTON '(NC) Awards or citations will be presented to 10 persons for outstanding contributions to the betterment of youth at the 14th convention of the National CYO (Catholic Youth Organization) Federation, to be held Nov. 1013 in Niagara Falls, N.Y. Among the recipients will be Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic delegate in the United States. He will be given the CYO's For God and Youth Award. The speaker at the convention dinner will be David Toma, a Newark, N.J., detective widely known for his mastery of disguise and his career as a vice, gambling, and narcotics investigator. A television series, "Torna," wlls named for him, and he has J>een the subject of numerous magazine articles.

Your holding fast to the faith in your personal lives, whether in season or out of season, whether convenient or inconveni-

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27, 1977

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Boy Scouts Anawon Council Boy Scouts held their annual religious camporee earlier this month at Camp Norse, Carver. Its theme was "World Brotherhood with God" and it brought awareness of varying faiths to some 80 Scouts on leaders.' The program included repeated showings of a slide show featuring a theme song, "Let's Get Together," Protestant ser· vices in general were discussed by Rev. Kenneth Namflet and the Mormon faith was presented by Terry Chadwick. Saturday night featured a presentation of the Jewish Sukkoth service and a discussion of Jewish holiday customs. John Smooth, former Yale University football captain and a member of the' Fellowship of Christian Athletes, spoke on Sunday morning of the place of religion in his life. An explanaScouting tion of religious awards followed. The weekend closed with a Mass celebrated by Father Normand Boulet, Anawon Council Catholic chaplain, and with presentation of uniform patches for Scouts and streamers for troop flags. Recreational activities during the camporee included a Gong Show, outdoor games and a marathon race.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27, 1977

The Parish Parade BLESSED SACRAMENT, FALL RIVER Final reservations are being taken for a Saturday, Nov. 26 bus trip to New York sponsored by the Women's Guild. Payments must ,be completed by Saturday, Nov. 5. Further information is available from Helen Ouellette, 674-4050.

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ST. MARY, NORTON A Holiday Clothing Boutique featuring clqthes for men, women, teens and children will be held from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 12 in the parish center on Route 123.

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WE CARE ABOUT YOU

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Question (orner , , , ?•

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By Father John Dietzen

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Q. I enjoy your column, but am confused about your answer that women are not pennitted to serve Mass. While visiting in Oklahoma, girls were servers in a church I attended. What is the explanation?

Q. Our son has become a Christian, who plans to marry in his new c:hurch in a few months. Do we as parents go or stay away? It used to be wrong to attend A. I don't know. Church regsuch affairs, but now we don't ulati<>ns say that women may know. Our nephew was in a sImilar situation recently, and not assist the priest at Mass, his parents received all kinds of which generally would mean that different answers, including they are not to serve Mass. However, confusion enters the "Absolutely not" and "Do as picture since women can bring you like." I'm truly - confused. , We love our son and we love our up the gifts, read the Scriptures, religion, and we want to do what distribute Communion, and be in the entrance processions, is right. among other functions, all of A. This kind of situation is which might easily involve their always anguishing for a family, performing tasks otherwise done and I'm afraid my words' may by Mass servers. In fact, it is not ease your decision as much hard to imagine what these as you would wish. First of all, would not include, with the posthough, be assured that there is sible exception of pouring the no black and white, right or water and wine, holding the book wrong, answer to your question. for the priest, and perhaps carryIt requires weighing several facing the cross. tors, and then making as pruMaybe the regulations will dent a judgment as you can. eventually have to spell out just One element I'm sure you won- what "assistance" is forbidden! der about it the possibility of (Questions for this column scandal. What will your action say to your son, and to the rest should be sent to Father Dietof your family and y<>ur friends, zen, c/o The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, about your own approval of the Fall River, Mass. 02722. marriage, and about your attitude toward his new religion? On the other hand, basic charity and your parental love urges SSt PETER AND PAUL, that you let him realize you are FALL RIVER not ostracizing him from your Mrs. Jeanette Forgette is family, and that you keep lines chairman of a whist to be held of communication open to him. by the Women's Club, Sunday, Remember that you have your Oct. 30 at 1:30 p.m. in Father own convictions, too, and you Coady Center. She will be assdo not have to apologize for isted by Mary B. Phelan, Mrs. them. If you feel that merely John Lund and Mrs. Noel T. going to the wedding would indi- Harrison. cate your appr<>val of the marriA special Mass will be held age or of that religion, or would on the feast of All Saints at compromise your own faith con- 1:30 p.m. for children of the victions seriously, then you school. All parishioners are inshould not go. vited. However, you may be able to Members of the confirmation make your position absolutely clear, and still attend the wed- class will make a weekend reding without being misunder- treat, Dec. 2-4. Any others in the parish who are interested stood. are asked to contact Sister LeObviously, the solution you ona Misto, RSM by Nov. 1. Parreach will depend on many fac- ishioners who would like to help tors, such as the nature of your with the cooking, sewing or befamily relationships, and how ing a team member for the reyour friends would understand treat are urged to notify Sister your presence. Other children in Leona. your family, especially younger A Halloween party for childone, are also a consideration; you do not wish to confuse them ren of the parish between the ages of 4 and 9 will be held about your faith. Perhaps today there is less from 6 to 7 Halloween night in danger than before in attend- Father Coady Center. They are ance of parents at such affairs, asked to come in costume.

"born again"

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Parish Parade

because of the widespread state of confusion and radical religious searching in many' of our young people. One wonders on occasion, to cut it bluntly, if they ever had any faith to lose - and this through no moral fault on the part of the parents. Emotional and spiritual maturity seem to arrive awfully late for many young people today. Think and pray, decide and then don't. fret over your decision.

Senior CYO members will elect officers Tuesday, Nov. 1 and junior elections will be held Nov. 22. The parish will be represented by three teams in the CYO Basketball League. SIGN group members will sing weekly at a folk Mass at 7 p.m. Saturday. Members also sing at hospitals and nursing homes, offer a baby sitting service and distribute holiday food baskets.

Many Divorces

In US Church NOTRE DAME, Ind. (NC) U.S. Catholics are becoming "as American as apple pie" when it comes to divorce, members of the North American Conference for Separated and Divorced Catholics were told during a meeting at Notre Dame Uuniversity last week. Morton and Bernice Hunt, authors of "The Divorce Experience," said U.s. Catholics "get divorced as much as anyone else." Figures released at the conference indicated that 12 million of the 48 million American Catholics are separated or divorced, and many of these are remarried. Almost every U.S. Catholic family is indirectly touched by divorce, according to former national board member Tom MUllaney. Officials heralded events of . the past year which found American bishops dropping the automatic excommunication penalty from divorced and remarried Catholics. But Mullaney noted, "We are seeing some significant steps but it is still a strug'gle to even get a pastoral letter from a diocese to clarify the issues." Paulis Father James Young, conference chaplain, called the bishops' actions "highly significant and symbolic." On the official level, Father Young said, "it was a gesture of reconciliation" and that gesture had a "thawing effect on attitudes of the hierarchy." In particular Father Young pointed to reconciliation services held for divorced Catholics in two large U.S. dioceses. The conference this year. according to Father Young, hopes to supply workshops and leadership training to assist the divorced people in helping each other. In addition, he said, it hopes to continue consciousness raising throughout the Church about the plight of separated and divorced Catholics. .

ST. THOMAS MORE, SOMERSET The HEART youth group will conduct a cake sale following all Masses the weekend of Nov. 5 and 6 and will sponsor a Halloween costume dance tomorrow night from 6:30 to 9:30 p.m. in the old church.' Advent wreaths made .by Women's Guild members will be available for sale and will be blessed at the first Mass of Advent. ST. JOSEPH, TAUNTON The parish council will sponsor a Harvest Moon Dance and buffet from 7:30 p.m. to 1 a.m. Saturday, Oct. 29 in the parish hall. The Women's Guild will hear an illustrated travelogue by Father Herbert Nichols at its meeting at 7:30 p.m. Tuesday, Nov. I, in the hall. Members are asked to bring in ;items they have made for a Snow Flake Sale, to be held from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 5, followed by a ham and Qean supper from 6 to 7:30 p.m. Ticket reservations may be made with Rita Hall or Santa Lewis.


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27, 1977

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Multiplication of Loaves, Fishes NEW YORK (NC) - Catholic Relief Services, the overseas aid agency of U.S. Catholics, provided aid, rehabilitation and development assistance valued _H..m ....'lllllltt""".."UI"U'"'u.,."''''"''''lII''I.I'''''.......1lI11ll1ll1111UllmllIlIH_

4::-: Divorce and Catholics Facing Life By Father Cornelius van der Poel, C.S.Sp. Director, Family Life Office Archdiocese of Detroit (The last of an eight-part series originally appearing in The Michigan Catholic and reprinted by permission.) When internal peace is restored and the individual can face up to him/herself without feelings of inferiority or guilt, the outlook on life becomes different. Life seems to receive a new purpose, even if it is simply a new vision on one's responsibilities of daily life with regard to one's job or to the children. A new personal approach to life seems to develop and the relationship to one's family and to the community looks different. A true reconciliation and peace of mind give a new lease on life. This new relationship and attitude toward life can be approached in different ways. One life style is to face life alone as an individual who is not married. This is not an inferior way of being, nor is it a sign of immaturity. On the contrary, it can be an expression of a deep sense of responsibility and respect for oneself and others. Perhaps the individual sees in his/her own personality certain traits which make it difficult to live in close conjugal relationship. Then it is better not to enter into marriage. To have such a personality trait is no shame. A mature person can recognize it and cope with it constructively. Perhaps the individual is deeply convinced that the first marriage, despite the divorce, has not been dissolved. A person can refrain from a new commitment out of respect for the earlier covenant of marriage. These are only two examples of many possible reasons for not remarrying. For other persons it is impossible to live alone. They might feel that they need the intimate man-woman relationship for their own emotional and spiritual well-being, or for the well-being of their children. The Church does not accept second marriage when the first

marriage has not been dissolved by death or when there has been no declaration of nullity. Here the maturity of the persons involved becomes very important. The Church cannot simply change its doctrine of the permanence of marriage ,because many marriages end in divorce. Nor is it accurate to demand a second marriage and act as if the first (permanent marriage) did not exist. Persons who want to marry are supposedly mature persons. Maturity does not deny reality. The person who wants to remarry must accept that there was a first marriage. Presently many grounds exist for which the Church grants a declaration of nullity. The Church's insights into the meaning of marriage and the understanding of the importance of human psychology have deepened considerably. Applying for an anullment is always worthwhile, but if this cannot be granted, then honesty demands that the first marriage be accepted, though broken on the interpersonal level, as still standing before the Church. Honesty and maturity also demand to accept that the Church cannot at this time of history grant a second sacramental marriage to such persons. To demand a second marriage or to pretend that the second marriage is a sacrament is a dishonesty before oneself, before God and before the human community. This statement may sound very stern, yet I feel that we must be painfully honest. The sterness of the statement does not mean lack of pastoral concern or lack of feeling on the part of the Church. 'The Church is deeply aware¡ that there are many reasons (and many valid reasons) for a divorced person to remarry. However, these reasons are directly related to the conscience of the persons involved. o

If such persons feel before

God and before their conscience that remarriage is the best thing to do, they often remarry in a civil ceremony. When this is an honest conscientious decision of

the couple the Church can and does respect their decision of conscience. This means the Church does not reject such persons as sinners. The Church in the U.S. used to have a law on the books which stated that a person who was divorced and remarried even in a civil ceremony automatically incurred an excommunication. In a recent meeting the Bishops decided to remove this excommunication. This does not mean that they give permission to remarry after divorce, but it indicates that the bishops are deeply sensitive for the needs of the people and that,they respect honest conscientious decisions of the faithful. The condition of the divorced and civilly remarried is that the Church does not accept their second marriage as a sacrament but the Church can recognize and accept their decision of conscience, and does not necessarily consider them as sinners. It is therefore not impossible for such persons to receive the sacrament of reconciliation and to participate in the Eucharist. The question is, however, what is the meaning of an honest conscientious decision? On the part of the couple this means that they recognize that the first conjugal relationship is totally lost. There is no way to

reinstate it, yet they also recognize that before the Church community it is still a marriage. The conscientious decision also demands that the couple's present marriage is indeed intended to be a permanent union, and that it shows the human signs of a possible successful union. Further, the couple need to be careful that their present union and their participation in sacra-. ments of reconciliation and Eucharist will not be a source of scandal to others. Scandal does not mean the raising of some eyebrows or the anger of some "holier-than-thou" people. Scandal is present when activities of some Christians cause a disrespect for the permanence of marriage or for the sanctity of the sacraments of reconciliation and Eucharist. Whether all these conditions are fulfilled is not an easy task to decide. It is here that an honest discussion with a priest/confessor is necessary. The priest cannot give permission. All he can do is to assist in the formation of conscience. The Church must stand up for the sanctity of marriage and its permanence, yet the Church must also respect the honest conscientious convictions of the faithful. The. faithful on their part must respect the Church's doctrine and live this d<>ctrine as well as they can.

at $240.3 million for some 18 million persons in 85 countries between July 1, 1976, and June 30, 1977, according to its 1977 annual operational report. Bishop Edwin \8. Broderick, who was named CRS executive director last year, said CRS activities in Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific were made possible by an annual collection among American Catholics, which brought in $7.3 million during the 1977 report period. That sum, used as the CRS basic operating fund, was increased to $240.3 million by donations in funds, goods and services, mostly from the U.S. government. "In other words," Bishop Broderick said, "this collection was multiplied 33 times over in terms of the total value of the programs directly or indirectly sponsored by CRS." < 1I""II""'III,'mlll,"UIII'"1I"IIIl!UIUllUUIlUl,,IUIIIII1I1'111I11l"""'"1l"111''''1'''''''''''~

HE'S FAR from Minnesota, but Bishop Raymond Lucker of New DIm doesn't let being in Rome for Bishops' Synod prevent him from donning sneakers, taking 16mile hike like 35,000 folks back home. He and they were participating in state's annual marathon for nonpublic education, expected to raise $700,000. (NC Photo)

All must recognize that human perfection is a very relative concept and that the road to heaven is steep and difficult until we stumble into the arms of a loving God. (In the Fall River diocese, information on support groups for divorced or separated Catholic, active in several areas, is available from Father Michel G. Methot of the diocesan office of adult education, 423 Highland Avenue, Fall 'River, telephone 627-2828. Advice in specific cases of divorce or separation is available at the diocesan Marriage Court; 344 Highland Avenue, telephone 675-1311, or from any parish priest.)

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12

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27, 1977

KNOW YOUR FAITH II Julius Nyerere By Father John Civille Tanzania, a British territory in East Africa until its independence in 1961, ranks among the 25 poorest countries in the world. Its 15 million citizens have an average per capita income that is only one-fortieth that of the United States. What distinguishes Tanzania is that it has rejected the "trickle down" economic development theory of its colonizers and has chosen to develop along the traditional tribal values of "familyhood,", or in Swahili, "ujamaa." The inspiration for this has come mainly from Julius Nyerere, now in his fourth elected term as President. In traditional society, Nyerere maintains, individuals and families were rich or poor according to whether the whole tribe was rich or JUUUS NYERERE A UJAMAA VILLAGE GIRL poor. Nobody starved, either for food or human dignity, because he lacked personal wealth; he could depend on the wealth posses~ed by his community. I return exhilara1ed from an By Father John J. Castelot the Senate, he refused to have By Msgr. Joseph M. Champlin It. is from this cultural heriafternoon of home visitation in any part in a religious inaugural tage that Tanzanian ujamaa soConstantine the Great was the ceremony. Home visitation' has been by time for the 5:15 Mass, concialism is developed. first Christian emperor of Rome. far the most effective way I The next year, 313, found him In stressing traditional roots, have found for truly tasting the vinced over and over again of His conversion ended' the most in Milan for the marriage of his its great pastoral value. But I widespread and savage wave of sister. On this occasion the so- Nyerere is recalling the good daily lives of parishioners. also celebrate the Eucharist persecution the Church had called Edict of Milan was issued, qualities of the past in order to A week of consistant parish carrying those recent experiever known. No wonder that restoring civil rights and proper- regain an attitude weakened by census taking or informal call- ences vividly in my mind and subsequent Christian legend em- ty to Christians and recognizing colonial domination. Some of ing at houses always supplies heart. hellished his story with all sorts Christianity as having equal sta- these qualities aro: ~veryone me with an enormously rich and A picture of that crushed was a worker; there was a sense diverse slice of life in today's of wondrous details; in the East tus with other religions. mother will suddenly flash be-' of security and hospitality; he has even been venerated as world. fore my eyes at the altar. I As Christian emeprol", he lost everyone was expected to share a saint. One mother breaks down in, no time in interfering in Church . what he had; there was no land embarrassing tears over the dis- may feel heavy sorrow for the Sober history tells a different affairs. Some interference was cancer-ridden lady and happy tale. It reveals a man who was harmless; most of it was very exploitation, no loiterers or id- appointments brought on by her excitement over the couple's enlers; and no one amassed wealth children who have had trouble indeed great by worldly stan- dangerous and led eventually to thusiastic conversion. I sag with with the law, their marriages dards; it reveals also a complex a situation which plagued the for his own benefit. real sadness in view of the husIBut traditional tribal life was and their work. personality who was not alto- Church for centuries. We call it band and wife's good intentions, gether admirable, a saint by no Caesaropapism, the supreme also poor. And Nyerere is quick A middle-aged man gradually but weak execution. to point out that there is no one's honest standards. civil ruler claiming and exercis- dignity in a life of extreme pov- reveals an anxiety about his However, prayer at the liturHe was born about 280 in what ing supreme authority in religi- erty. To overcome this, Tanzan- failing business, the difficulty gy comes easier and carries with of obtaining a suitable alternais now Nish in Yugoslavia. His ous affairs as well. ia, working on the assumption tive job, a concern about secur- it a close relationship to the father was the Emperor Conworld outside the chapel. During On the positive side, Constan- that all its people are equal, has stantius I, his mother a tavern tine was active in providing pla- aimed at providing the basics of ing adequate health and retire- those afternoon hours, I have maidservant. When his father ces for Christian worship. He food, shelter, medical service, ed- ment benefits for later years. touched human poverty, people A woman in her 50s with ad- who are poor in body or spirit, died in 306 he was acclaimed em- gave his wife's Lateran paliace to ucation and political freedom for peror by the army. When he Pope Milttiades and later built a all. Specific policies include vanced intestinal cancer dabs persons who are hurting physistarted a military campaign in church and baptistry there, now elimination of exploitation, self- away tears as recurring pains cally or spiritually. Those exand sleepless nights have left periences automatically enter Spain, his brother-in-law Max- St. John Lateran. reliance and the establishment her discouraged and worried. entius came back from Africa to , our celebration of the Eucharist. He started construction of a of ujamaa villages. A young mother, overjoyed oppose him. He made an alliance basilica on Vatican hill, and was Elimination of exploitation with Licinius, the co-emperor, responsible for the erection of means that the government does and awestruck at the birth of her and their united forces met other famous churches through- not want the country to develop- first child, speaks ~nthusiastic足 Maxentius in a decisive battle out the world. Sunday was de- by means of an entreprenaurial ally about how she and her huson the very banks of the Tiber. clared a civil holiday. However, class of one or two percent who band rediscovered God and the The event is encrusted with another aspect of this interfer- would control the wealth and Church through this baby. By Father Casimir Pugevidius A husband and wife, without legend, but this much seems ence showed up quickly and om- political power. "Guilty of the publication and true: the night before the great inously. He attempted to settle Self-reliance is the recognition the subject even being brought showdown, he had a dream in the Donatist schism in Africa, that for Tanzania to be free, it up, admit they have grown distribution of the' 'Chronicle of which he was assured of vic- first hy appeal and then by must develop itself by its own careless about Sunday Mass and the Catholic Church in Lithutory if he inscribed the mono- force. Popes settle schisms, not agriculture with a minimum of express their desire to alter that ania,' and sentenced to three gram of Christ on the shields of emperors. string-attached aid from other ,behavior pattern. However, the years of compulsory labor and About this time his colleague governments or multi-nationals. next weeks indicate little change three years in exile," prothe army. He did so, routed the nounced the judge. forces of Maxentius and hence- Licinius started trouble in the The ujamaa village prograrp is has ta~en place. forth openly professed himself East. Constantine defeated him the realization that the govern"Why is the sentence so light?" There is no end to the list of in a land and naval battle near ment cannot provide basic ser- these illustrations nor are they asked the prisoner, a 36-year-old a Christian. peculiarly local to our parish. woman. It is generally agreed that the ancient city of Byzantium, vices to subsistant farmers scatArrested in August, 1974, NiConstantine's conversion was then decided to rebuild the old . tered throughout the country. With different names and adsincere, but there is a great deal city and rename it Constantin- To date there are some 7,600 dresses, those incidents almost jola Sadunaita had been held of question as to how deep it ople. It was to be a new Rome. villages averaging 1,700 people exactly repeat themselves in without bail and grilled for nearIn fact, it was not just a new each. was or what his concept of every congregation throughout ly a year. She had been caught Nyerere himself serves an ex- the Catholic Church in the with the 11th issue of the underChristianity was. At any rate, Rome but a rival Rome, claiming proclaimed senior Augustus by United States. Turn to Page Thirteen Turn to Page Thirteen Turn to Page Thirteen

Complex Constantine

Experiencing Pove~ty Today

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AHeroine


A Heroine Continued from Page Twelve ground newsletter in her typewriter. Nijole Sadunaite was two years old when her homeland, on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, 85 percent Roman Catholic at the time, was annexed by the U.S.S.R. The Communists immediately disbanded all religious orders, closed religious schools, confiscated Church property, imprisoned, tortured and/or shot priests, religious and lay leaders by the hundreds. During the night of June 19, 1941, alone thousands of men, women and children were packed off in sealed cattle cars to slave labor camps. In 1972, the "Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania" began documenting religious persecution. typed in carbon copies and passed hand -to hand, it was smuggled out to inform the free world of the heroic struggle of the Lithuanians for their faith. . "I am not the criminal," Nijola declared in court, "It is you

Nyerere Continued from Page Twelve ample to his people. Often pictured working in the fields alongside of peasant farmers, he lives a simple life-style on an income less than $500 a month. With a credibility beyond reproach, he has lectured priests and bishops on the need to avoid pomp and identify more closely with the poor. In a 1977 report, Nyerere wrote: "There is now a general recognition that it is wrong for some people to live in luxury while others are destitute." Perhaps the ujamaa policies of this small, poor country can teach us something about quality of life, the dignity of the person and the need to overcome an individualistic ethic was one that stresses responsibility toward others.

Constantine Continued from Page Twelve' the loyalty of many eastern bishops. When the Arian controversy threatened the Church, the emperor, not the Pope, called for a general council at Nica. Here, in 325, Arianism and Arius were condemned and Arianist bishops exiled. Two years later Constantine pardoned Arius and recalled the Arianist bishop Eusebius, who proceeded to badger Catholic bishops and to foster Arianism throughout the Church. And when Constantine finally decided to be baptized - on his deathbed - it was this Arianist, not a Catolic bishop, who performed the ceremony. The picture adds up to a confused one of a man bent on achieving supreme power. The rosy legends do not mention his furious temper and outbursts of rage. They are silent about his execution of his wife and his eldest (illegitimate) son on charges that they were having an affair. His conversion freed the Church from persecution, but opened the door to a host of other lasting woes.

conducting this trial who are the criminals, since you disregard elementary human rights proclaimed by the law of the country, by the Soviet Constitution and by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. "Truth IS all-powerful and invincible. Only deceit and falsehood need weapons and soldiers to prolong. their contemptible reign . . . It is well said that an arbitrary government digs its own grave. I know that I am in the right and I am not only willing to sacrifice my freedom, but will joyfully give even my life for the truth." To the judges, prosecutors, guards and those who had administered the notorious Russian interrogation, Nijola Sadunaite said, "I love you as if you were my brothers and sisters, and I would not hesitate to give my life for anyone of you. Today you do not need my sacrifice, but you do need to hear the truth spoken to your faces. It is said that only one wlto loves has the right to reprimand. I use this right in addressing you ... ". Citing examples of discrimination, she went on, "These and hundreds of other facts clearly show that you atheists seek to enslave people spiritually by forcing on them your opinions, and you justify any means to this end: lies, slander, terrorism. "T~e most important thing in life is to free one's heart and mind of fear, for to let evil rage unchecked is a great sin." In her final statement before sentencing, Nijole Sadunaite declared: "This is the happiest day of my life. I am on trial for the 'Chronicle: which is a protest against the physical and spiritual tyranny to which my people are subjected. This means that I am on trial because I love people and desire truth. Loving. others is the greatest love, and struggling for their rights is the greatest love song. May it echo in all hearts without cease! .. :' Although ill today, and denied mail or packages, Nijole writes from labor camp: "One must experience it oneself, to appreciate life and to understand the need and the value of love . . . How good that the little boat of our life is steered by the hand of a Good Father. With Him at the helm, nothing is so terrible. Then, no matter how bad things get, you will know how to struggle and to love . . . "

A Verdade E A Vida Dirigida pelo Rev. Edmond Rego

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Cornwell Memoria' Chapel

- 0 ABORTO E A LEI Deve ficar bem claro que seja l~ a que for aue as leis civis venham a estabelecer e a Que oensem as medicos, oara-medicos e a 0niniao nublica, homem ou mulher alquma nodem submeter-se a uma lei intrinsecamente imoral e dramaticamente assassina. Nem a autoridade publica, nem os indiv{duos podem tornar llcito 0 crime abominavel do aborto. Ninquem 00dera colaborar com a aplica~o dessa lei injusta. E nada justifica a aborto seja ele a aborto terapeutico, seja a aborto euqenetico, seja a aborto social. Nunca lfcito nraticar a mal Dara dele venha um bem. o que precisa a humanidade nao e duma lei que le9itime a aborto. 0 Que necessario e urqente e toda uma estrutura social e,leqal pr6-vida: habita~ao condiqna, salario familiar suficiente, abono justo, etc. Cada crianca Que nasce e um bem social. E dever da sociedade defend~-la e nao apenas proteqer a pai e a mae reconhecendo-lhe 0 direito de serem assassinos dos pr6prios filhos. Cada criansa Que nasce nao traz apenas uma boca para comer, mas dois bra~os para trabalhar e um cerebra para pensar Ao estado cabe assumir a suas responsabilidades de oroteqer as oais e maes; ate mesmo a mae solteira. A sua coraqem em assumir sozinha a resoonsabilidade da vida do filho merece-nos a maximo resneito. Ou sera que as ouritanos se podem ~rqulhar de todas as qera~oes da sua ascendencia? Em vez da leqaliza~ao do aborto, nor Que nao leqalizar e liberallzar as leis de adopcao? Por que n~o leqalizar a resnonsabilidade moral e social dos Dais incoqnitos, dos nais i 1eql'timos? A leqaliza~ao e a liLJeraliza~ao do aborto traze~ conseau~ncias deleterias mesmo na ordem social. . o mais qrave defender 0 aborto com ares doutorais, filantrooicos, caritativos, cient{ficos e ainda Dar cim nublicamente, nos jornais, na Radio, na Televisa'o. Pobres assassinos: Se as maes deles as tivessem abortado nao andavam difundindo teses que criminosamente praticam e, levianamente, querem justificar. "Uma lei que autorize 0 assasslnio duma crian~a no seio da mae a mais barbara de todas as leis. Porque 0 homem neste estado de vida ~ 0 mais desorovidQ de todos os homens~ nao poder~ defender-se, acusar, nem mesmo chorar para comover auem Quer Que seja. Jamais os fetos assinam neti~es colectivas, jamais formarao sindicatos, Jamais desfilarao com cartazes frente a um Ministerio." E tudo isto par qU~? No momenta da fecunda~ao, quando 0 ovulo recebe 0 esnermatozoide, forma uma oeQuena II , celula, que e 0 qlobo polar aue se perde enquanta a ova fecundado da um rapaz au uma rapariga. , "Este ser diferente da mae a tal ponto aue ao setimo dia, quando ainda so mede um milfmetro e meio de comprimento e se imnlanta na mucosa uterina, 0 seu orimeiro ber~o, ele e s6 ele quem toma a comando das opera~oes da vivencia Que 0 hao-de levar a maturidade. Ele emite uma substancja qUlmica que obriqa 0 corpo amarelo a trabalhar suspendendo as menstrua~oes da mae. Por outras oalavras, com seis au dez dias de vida, a crian)a obriqa a m~e a fazer 0 aue ela quer, 0 que e um habito Que ela mantera toda a vida. Poucas semanas depois, esta suase acabada: as membros, a cabe~a, 0 cora~ao, tudo esta no seu luqar. Se a observarem com uma luna noderao ver-se as linhas na pa 1ma da mao.

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THE ANCHORThurs., Oct. 27, 1977

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THE ANCHORThurs., Oct. 27, 1977

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What does it mean?

focus. on youth ... By Cecilia Belanger

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All week long we had been listening to lectures on what's happening in the ,arts and in literature; in other words "the creative frontier." Lee K. said, "We have one of the best museums in the country in Buffalo, and I go there often, but I just don't know how to .ook at a painting.' I know it's my problem and I get frustrated when I hear "ohs" and "ahs" and comments of others around me while I stand there getting nothing out of it. Why is this?" He looked. at the professor. The reply was, "Just sit quietly - or stand - and let the painting work on you." Then, after a moment, "You have to like what color does to like painting." Derek R. asked, "Does one's

background have anything to do with whether one cares for the arts or not?" There were two or three replies at once. "No-yes." A professional painter in the group said that none of his family were painters or ever showed much interest in painting. "But I've loved it since as far back as I can remember." then he leaned forward, looking into Derek's face and, "When some tried to discourage me in my love for painting, there was someone in my life whQ made of doubt - and. even alienation - a positive force for me. There are often.- and sometimes not so often ......the right people at the right time in our lives, who exert great influence, for good or bad. I was lucky. This person gave me a certainty. I knew what I had to do and I did it!-" Claire F., "For what it's worth, on Sundays I visit museums instead of going to church. There is something deeply moving and spiritual in a museum. I am reached; I am touched; I am inspired. I often tell young people who hang around on Sundays, 'Go to a museum and come out a better person'." Alison D., "I don't want to bad-mouth museums because I love them, but why not tell youth to go to both museums and church?" Claire F., "The point I was trying to make is if they won't go to the one then at least they . should go to the other. To try to be uplifted in some way." Monica F. said, "I'd like t:> change the subject a bit and talk about 'the new paganism' of today. Does anyone have a theory about it?" 'Beth K., "What do you mean by 'the new paganism'?'" Monica F., "I mean the worship of so many gods." I put in my two cents by saying that there are, indeed, many gods today that people are worshiping and none are real. They are merely the distractions for empty lives. There was agreement and then the subject changed again and one of the young students said that perhaps this wasn't the place but a friend of his was all mixed up and was talking of suicide from time to time. "The reason I bring this up," he said, "is because too often one hears the layperson put down. That unless. one is a 'professional' one knows nothing, one cannot cope with anything, etc., etc." A pause. Then Don W. continued, "Should my friend ever need someone badly, I hope and pray that on the other end of the line is a layperson, not a 'professional'. "Can you picture a psychiatrist begging my friend not to commit suicide? Can you picture him saying, ',I love you and want you to live! You, as a human heing, mean something to me! I beg you, don't do anything! I'm coming right over! It's important to me that you live! Your life is valuable! Now, I know some religious lay people who would do just that. But I don't know one psychiatrist who would."

Hardest Lesson "Make it thy business to know thyself, which is the most difficult lesson in the world." - Miguel de Cervantes

At their monthly meeting, combined this month with a professional day, faculty members heard a presentation on "Project Potential," a model program for personalizing secondary education. Mrs. Barbara Churchill of Attleboro High School explained the program as integrating career development with high school arts and sciences courses. Science Research and Career Club members met for a lecture on astronomy by faculty member Mario Santonasta,so, while National Honor Society memMARY OUVEIRA collects bers are planning a College Bowl specimen at Walden Pond. program and preparation of Thanksgiving baskets. Bishop Gerrard The Feehan curriculum comMost people connect Walden - mittee, consisting of all departPond with the lofty thoughts of ment chairmen, met last week Henry David Thoreau - but bi- to further implement its theme ology students from Bishop Ger- for the year, interdepartmental ' rard High in Fall River were sharing. more down to earth when they The English department is ofvisited the literary shrine, col- fering students a record and lecting specimens of fungus and enrichment materials to acomslime for laboratory observation. pany viewing of a television proThe eight students visited the gram on Emily Dickinson, "The homes of Emerson and Haw- Belle of Amherst." thorne, but didn't report on any Homecoming Weekend will be biological treasures from those celebrated tomorrow through sites. Sunday at Feehan with activiMeanwhile, back in Fall River, ties including a get-together tomembers of the Contemporary morrow' night in the cafeteria Issues class are arranging a de- and a football game, parade and bate hetween city mayoral candidates Carlton M. Viveiros and Marilyn Roderick. To take place at 10 a.m. Wednesday, Nov. 2 in the school auditorium, the program will be open to Gerrard upperclassmen, parents, members of the media and other area high school newspaper staffs. Questions will be restricted to issues affecting Fall River and will be asked by students in Gerrard history classes.

Homecoming Queen crowning ceremony on Saturday. ' Spanish students are planning a Spanish culture evening at Silver Lake Inn, Bellingham, to include a Spanish buffet and Spanish costume program. Seventeen math students competed this week in the annual statewide Olympiad Mathematics Competition. Finalists will continue to an April contest.

Bishop Connolly An in-school retreat program has been organized for Connolly students. It began with a successful one-day program at Cathedral Camp for class officers and will continue throughout the year, 2Yith students taking a regular class day to participate. Bob Langlais has been elected junior class president and Rick Gauvin is doing the honors for the sophomores. New and/or revived Connolly organizations include an alumni organization and a Varsity Club. Active as in past years are the film club, which will present its first movie, "Drive In," at 7 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 29 in the Fall River school's auditorium; and the Chess Club.

Bishop Stang By Mary Pat Feitelberg Bishop Stang, North Dartmouth, is outstanding for student and faculty involvement in school affairs. Activity is directed by the Student Invo.lvement Committee ;(SIC), founded three years ago. SIC started the academic year with a fall parade at the Paul never School, including the school's band, cheerleaders, color guard, majorettes and colorfully costumed SIC members. The event attracted television coverage but the best indication of its success was the consistent comment of those present: "I'm glad I went; they got a lot out of it." SIC is manifesting its belief in its current motto, "You're important to us," by managing Stang's Halloween party, to be held tomorrow night and to be open to all Stangites and their younger brothers and sisters. The agenda will include "a wide selection of delectables," numerous games and activities, a movie, and a "heart-thumping haunted house." Guests of honor will be children from St. Mary's Home, New Bedford.

Bishop Feehan With the appearance - or threat - of deficiency slips in the air, Feehanites know the first quarter of the academic year is ending.

HIGH SCHOOL, episcopal rings are comp<lred by Bishhop Cronin and Stang High School student Nuno Barros as George Benoit and Lisa Brazil look' on (top); John Smooth, former Yale university football captain and member of Fellowship of Christian Athletes tells Annawor; Council Boy Scouts of importance of religion in his life (bottom).


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Interscholastic Sports

IN THE DIOCESE

By BILL MORRISSETTE

Coyle-Cassidy Takes Lead As a result of their 16-14 victory over Bishop Stang High's Spartans last Friday night, the Coyle-eassidy Warriors took undisputed possession of first place in Division Two Southeastern Mass. Conference football. Randy Lombardi, who has been such a standout in undefeated Coyle-Cassidy's five straight wins, was once again a key factor in the Warrior's victory. He tossed a pair of touchdown passes to Mark Chisholm and rushed for the conversion after the first touchdown. Randy has thrown nine touchdown passes this season. Coyle-Cassidy's -dominance over Stang goes back to 1968 when the Spartans won 7-0 in a Bristol County League tilt. That was the last time Stang defeated

Coyle-Cassidy in football. Next Saturday Coyle-Cassidy faces another tough opponent when it meets Somerset's Blue Raiders in a Division Two game at Hanson Memorial f"ield, Somerset. Other Division II games this weekend list Case at Bishop Feehan and Barnstable at New ·Bedford Yoke-Tech. Stang goes to Seekonk for an interdivisional contest. In Division One, Durfee, still seeking its first victory of the season, goes against strong Attleboro on the latter's gridiron as Fairhaven is host to pacesetting New Bedford, and, Dartmouth entertains Falmouth. Division Three's schedule Saturday has Dennis-Yarmouth at Dighton-Rehoboth, and, Bourne at Old Rochester. Wareham is the leader in that division.

Conference Soccer In Home Stretch Both divisions in conference soccer wind up their regular schedules next week with the usual four-game cards Wednesday and Friday. Meanwhile, tomorrow's games in Division One are Barnstable at New Bedford, Taunton at Dennis-Yarmouth, Falmouth at Westport, and, Diman Yoke at Durfee while in Division Two it will be Holy Family at New Bedford Yoke, Attleboro at Old Rochester, Stang at Dartmouth, and, Somerset at Connolly. The season's concluding games next week are: Wednesday _ Division One - New Bedford at Durfee, Dennis-Yarmouth at Barnstable, Falmouth at Diman Yoke, Taunton at Westport; Friday - New Bedford at Fal-

mouth, Durfee at Dennis-Yarmouth, Diman Yoke at Taunton, Westport at Barnstable. The Division Two schedule next week has New Bedford Yoke at Connolly, Old Rochester at Holy Family, Stang at Somerset, Attleboro at Dartmouth on Wednesday, New Bedford Yoke at Stang, Connolly at Old Rochester, Somerset at AttIeboro, Dartmouth at Holy Family on Friday. Entering this week, DennisYarmouth (8-0) was still atop Division One with New Bedford High (5-1-3) in second place. Attleboro (9-0) was the leader in Division Two. Dartmouth (6-1) and Somerset '(6-2) were tied for second place.

Hockomock League Race Close Although Stoughton is still in league games and 6-0 overall, sole possession of first place in widened the gap over runnerup Hockomock League football, the Nantucket (with a vicfory over pennant race in that loop is still the islanders last weekend) in a close one with Canton and the Mayflower League. ApponeNorth Attleboro only two points quet, now tied with Nantucket behind. Franklin, King Philip and for the runnerup spot, is host to Sharon cannot yet be counted Manchester Saturday when Nanout, however. . tucket visits Blue Hills, Martha's Stoughton is not scheduled for Vineyard is home to Bristolleague play this week, hosting Plymouth and Norton to SouthTaunton in non-league action. eastern Regional. League games Saturday schedule Nauset and Sandwich are enNorth Attleboro at Oliver Ames, Sharon at Franklin, Canton at gaged in a hot pennant race in Foxboro, Mansfield at King Phil- the Cape and Islands Soccer League. Matt Bridges of Sandip. wich and Dave Donahue of NauSilver Lake, 4-0 in league and set are vying for the leading in5-1 overall, retains the lead in dividual scorer honors. the Old Colony League but Bridgewater-Raynham, 3-1 in Help Needed league and 5-1 overall, and Hingham, 3-1 in league, 3-2 overall, The Greater Attleboro unit are still within hailing distance of the American Cancer Society of the pace setters. is in need of volunteer drivers This league's "biggie" Satur- to transport cancer patients to day is the Silver Lake at Hing- treatment centers. Drivers supham game. Bridgewater-Rayn- ply their own cars and are asked ham entertains Marshfield, Ranto volunteer one morning or dolph is home to Scituate and afternoon a month. More inforWhitman-Hanson goes to Ply- mation is available from Mrs. mouth-Carver in other Old Col- Sandra MacMurray, RN, P.O. ony games Saturday. Box 352 Attleboro 02703, teleManchester, unbeaten in five phone 226-3764.

TV, Movie News Earlier this month we printed a listing of movie ratings as issued by the Office of Film and Broadcasting of the U.S. Catholic Conference. Since then we've had queries as to why Star Wars and Day of the Dolphins were not approved for children and One-On-One was considered objectionable in part for everyone. The answers supplied by the Office of Film and Broadcasting (OFB) foIlow: Star Wars: "There is a great deal of violent action, but most of it is stylized, and should have no adverse effect on adolescents." Day of the Dolphins: The review gives no information to indicate why the A-II rating was assigned. One on One: Morally ambiguous; payoff to athletes condoned; "rosy 'depiction of casual sexual relationship is also objectionable." While we will not in general be able to print reviews of older films, we will henceforth run capsule reviews of new films and television programs as issued by the Office of Film and Broadcasting. Readers who want more information on new films than we are able to carry, due to space limitations, will be welcome to caIl us during office hours at 6757151.

AIl right? Movie Reviews Bobby Deerfield (Columbia). A famous racing driver (AI Pacino), isolated by his profession and his own inclinations, faIls in love with a highly individualistic Italian woman (Marthe KeIler) who, as it turns out, is suffering from an incurable disease. This is an old-fashioned, lavishly produced and sentimental film. Pacino and KeIler, however, are handicapped by a flat and predictable script. Some brief nudity and the adult nature of the theme make it a film for mature viewers. A-III (PG) (These ratings are those used in our listings and by the motion picture industry in general.) OH, GOD! (Warners). God, looking just like George Burns, chooses a California supermarket manager, who looks just like John Denver, to teIl the world that he is alive and well. This gentle comedy written and directed by Carl Reiner has its heart in the right place, and it has some effective moments. A special problem occurs, however, for younger viewers, since

.Carl Reiner's idea of a God who denies original sin, does not know the future and pronounces morality to be entirely subjective is not one that most Christian parents would like to have their children exposed to. The film, moreover, makes a Billy Graham-style evangelist into a gross caricature. A-HI (PG) PIECE OF ACTION (Warners). Two smooth criminals ~Bill Cosby and Sidney Poitier) are blackmailed by a retired police detective (James Earl Jones) into working for a youth center. Some strong language and the film's muddled morality - the two criminals show no signs of remorse whatsoever and Poitier is living in unwedded bliss make an adult rating necessary. A-III (PG) VALENTINO (United Artists). British Director Ken RusseIl's screen biography of Rudolph Valentino is a boring, overdone piece of pretentious trash which seems to have· only the remotest connection with the famous movie star's life. Besides its other defects, the film makes much of nudity and graphic sexuality. C (R) TV Reviews "THE BEST OF FAMILIES." American television has finally discovered that people are interested in the past and how it has shaped the present. If that includes you, then don't miss the eight episodes of The Best of Families, premiering tonight at 9 to 11 on PBS. The series is set in New York City from 1880 to 1900, and depicts, three fictional families of different classes and ethnic backgrounds. The gaslit, cobblestone look of the production is particularly fine and the writing and f!cting are first-rate. The Children's Television Workshop of "Sesame Street" fame has used its expertise in combining entertainment with education and if the rest of the series comes up to the measure of this first episode, it will have achieved another breakthrough for public television.

THE ANCHORThurs., Oct. 27, 1977

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 27, 1977

The Parish Parade Publicity chairmen of parish organizations are asked to submit news items for this column to The Anchor. P. O. Box 7. Fall River, 02722. Name of city or town should be Included. as well as fuJI dates of all activities. Please send news of future rather than past events. Note: the same news Item can be used only once. Please do not request that we repeat an aMouncement several times.

SACRED HEART, OAK BLUFFS A ruma,ge sale will be held under auspices of the Women's Guild at the church hall Friday and Saturday, Nov. 18 and 19. Mrs. Estelle Suprenant and Mrs. Jane P. Votta will serve on the guild scholarship committee for the coming year and Mrs. Suprenant will also be parish contact for the International Affairs Commission of the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women. Parishioners are asked to submit designs or sketches that might be suitable for a confirmation altar cloth to be embroidered by guild members. SACRED HEART, NEW BEDFORD An old-fashioned Christmas bazaar will be held from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 5, highlighted by a visit from Santa from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. 'Raffle items will include a 1977 moped, a holiday basket and a handmade afghan and booths will offer handmade items, Christmas decorations, cakes and other pastries, games, refreshments, white elephant articles and an auction.

OUR LADY OF ANGELS, FALL RIVER Holy Rosary Sodalists will hold a cakeless cake sale in December and will meet following 8 a.m. Mass Sunday, Dec. 4. . A malassada supper and penny sale will take place' Saturday, Nov. 26, with the supper served from 6 to 7:30 p.m. and the penny sale following until 11 p.m. OUR LADY OF PERPETUAL HELP, NEW BEDFORD Mrs. Delores Andrade and Ms. Bertha Fraga are in charge of arrangements for a card party to be held at 2 p.m. Sunday, Oct. 30 in the church hall, 235 Front St., under sponsorship of, the Rosary Society.

HOLY NAME, FALL RIVER A party for all parisli children in grades one through six will be held at 6:30 Halloween night. Children must indicate that they will attend by 5 tomorrow night. ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER All school children and facuIty have tickets available for their harvest supper from 4 to 7 p.m. this Saturday: Mrs 'Patricia Pasternack, Christian education coordinator, will meet with parents of pub· lie school children in grades four through 8 tonight. Boys interested in playing prep or senior basketball on a parish team are asked to meet at 6 p.m. tomorrow in the school hall.

ST. MARY, NEW BEDFORD A talking Christmas tree and cash awards will be highlights of a country fair to be held by the Women's Guild Friday and Saturday, Nov. 11 and 12, at the schol gym on Illinois Street The tree will be talking from 6 to 10 p.m. Friday and 10 a.m. to noon and 2 to 4 p.m. Saturday, and the cash will be awarded at 5 p.m. Saturday. Other attractions will include supervised painting and arts and crafts for children, a lunch bar and a snack service. Chairmen are Ginny Sheehan and Rita Jenney.

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ST. MARY, NEW BEDFORD A Gong Show planned by Jack and Nancy Curry and their committee will highlight the Couples' Club meeting scheduled for 8:15 p.m. Sunday, Nov. 6 in the school cafeteria. Dues are payable at this meeting and new members will be welcome. SACRED HEART, FALL RIVER TACT members will meet tonight to plan a Halloween party

for parish children. They will attend a Halloween dance at St. Thomas More parish in Somerset tomorrow night. Prospective Lectors will meet for their third instructional session at 7:30 p.m. Monday, Nov. 14 in the parish center. Non· lectors are also invited to attend. 'First and second graders will attend 10 a.m. Mass Sunday, Oct. 30 dressed as their patron saints. Male choir members are needed and may contact the rectory to volunteer.

It's Essential "Without religious preparation in c1:lildhood, no true religion and no union with God is posFriedrich sible for men." 'Frebel

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ST. JOHN OF GOD, SOMERSET Rev. John Raposo will celebrate 6:15 p.m. Mass Saturday, Oct. 29. A reception will follow in the parish hall, to which all are welcome. A prayer meeting open to all will follow 7 p.m. Mass Thursday, Nov. 3.

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10.27.77