VOL. 23, NO. 40
FALL RIVER MASS., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1979
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THE ANCHO~-Diocese of Foil' River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
Pray for. Vocations 'WELCOME TO \ THE PILGRIM OF' PEACE
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Vocati~ns Program Clearly indicating the importance he attaches to ~ncourage颅 ment of religious vocations, Bishop Daniel A Cronin' has forgone attendance at Sunday's papal Mass in Washington in order to be present at the Vocation Awareness Day to be held at Bishop ConnolIy High School, FalI River. Throughout his pontificate, Pope John Paul II has stressed the important role of youth in the church. Sunday's program will share that emphasis, also highlighting vocational opportunities for mature Christians, including the permanent diaconate. -The day will begin at 2 p.m. with Bishop' Cronin as principal concelebrant of a Mass for vocations. FolIowing the Mass, refreshments will be served and those. in attendance will be invited to visit exhibits representing the diocesan priesthood, the diaconate and alI religious communities active in the diocese. Color television will be available for those wishing to view the papal Mass and accompanying activities in Washington. The purpose of the day, said Sister M. Evangela McAleer, RSM, its chairperson, is "to express in a very tangible and spiritual way the gratitude of the diocese to the countless priests and religious who have served the People of God. "It is also to look to the fu-
ture and ina spirit of prayer to seek more laborers for the harvest. FinalIy, it gives the opportuility to the young members of the diocese to come and become familiar with the ministry of the priests and religious who serve the church." Goals of the planning committe, she said were: - t.o show that the priesthood and religious life are essential to worship and' ministry
Is Sunday within the church; - to educate the laity on signs of vocation and the variety of modes of response; - to revive among parents respect and appreciation for the call to service within the church in the clerical or religious state; - to express gratitude to路 God for the priests and religious serving the diocese and the church and to pray for an increase in vocations.
Pope Expected 'To Discuss ,Theme of Respect . for Life This Sunday, as well as being with parish activities on behalf the last day of the papal visit of the entire range of human life. and the date of Pope John Paul Are the concerns of ban-theII's climactic "farewell Mass" at bombers and those of pro-lifers the National Mall in Washington, cut from the same cloth, is the is Respect -Life Sunday. ql,lery posed by Father Francis .In the Fall River diocese, X. Meahan in the Respect Life Father Thomas L. Rita, diocesan .,article. director of the prolife apostoFather Meehan's answer is 'late, has forwarded Respect Life yes. The priest, who teaches posters, suggested bulletin inmoral theology at St. Charles serts, prayer cards and informa- . tion regarding appropriate litur- Borromeo Seminary in Philadelgical and paralliturgical cere- phia, says !hat the question goes to the heart of the contention of monies to alI路 diocesan parishes. The pontiff is expected to' Pope John Paul's encyclical: make reference' to the national that the issue of abortion should observance during his Sunday be seen in the wider social conhomily. And his encyclical, text. "Redemptor Hominis," furnished Putting pro-life work in a conbackground material for an ar- text such as this makes the gosticle in the current Respect Life pel of life a sword that cuts manual, issued in connection both ways," notes the priest.
A Marian Cathedral ... Welcomes A Marian Pope /
327 SECOND STREET FALL RIVER, MASS. POPE JOHN PAUL II
DAY OF DAYS IN BOSTON
THE ANCHORThurs., Oct. 4, 1979
Pope Comes To Town
Ireland Greets Pope John Paul
With rain and rejoicing, Massachusetts greeted Pope John Paul II. His Aer Lingus plane, the St. Patrick, arrived in Boston on schedule Monday a few minutes before 3 p.m. A steady mist which had begun only a half hour before the papal plane touched down dampened the press and the 400 special guests who gathered on the tarmac at Logan International Airport. After Cardinal Humberto Medeiros of 'Boston and a U.S. protocol officer went into the plane to greet the pope, he emerged to be greeted by national, state and local officials, along with about 50 red and purple robed cardinals and bishops, and then to walk up the steps of a specially constructed platform for a welcoming address by Rosalynn' Carter, representing the president. "This may be your first visit to our shores as pope," Mrs. Carter said, "but you do not arrive as a stranger. You have stirred the world as few have ever done before." Pope John Paul then opened his remarks with the words, "Praised be Jesus Christ!" "It is a great joy for me to be in the United States of America, to begin my pastoral visit to the Catholic Church in this land, and at the same time to greet all the A'merican people, of every race, color and creed," he said. From the airport, the pope's motorcade traveled to Holy Cross Cathedral via North and South Bost<>n, Dorchester and Roxbury. The entire route was lined with singing, shouting, clapping crowds. At the cathedral he was greeted with applause and cheers by over 2000 priests representing every New E11g1and diocese. "To all," he said, "I want to say how happy' I am to be in your midst. I pray for each of you, asking you to remain always united in Jesus Christ and 'his church, so that. together we may "display. to the world our unity in proclaiming the mystery of Christ, in revealing the divine dimension and also the human dimension of the Redemption, and in.struggling with unweary路 ing perserverance for the dignity that each human being has reached and can continually reach in Christ" ("Redemptor Hominis," .11). "May this cathedral, dedicated to the Holy Cross of Jesus, always be a reminder of our calling to greatness, for through the mystery of the Incarnation and of the redeeming sacrifice of Jesus on the cross路 we share Turn to Page Seven UllllllllIlIIlIIlllllllllIIllIllllUlllllllllllrlllmllllllUlHllUlJlIIllIIlIIlIIlllIIllIIlIllmUUUII....
DUBLIN, Ireland I(N"C)-In his third "pilgrimage of faith," Pope John Paul II became a "pilgrim of peace." In Ireland he constantly stressed the need for ending the civil- strife in Northern Ireland. The peace message was delivered to Protestants and Catholics, priests and politicians, bishops and laymen. All were asked to heed church teachings against resorting to violence as a means of redressing injustice. The first pope to visit Ireland also praised the strong faith of the Irish and bad that faith demonstrated to him by the millions who thronged to his open-air Masses and liturgical services. About 2.5 million people of Ireland's 3.5 million Catholics saw the pope in person during his visit. He told the thousands greeting him at the airport that he was "happy to' walk among you - in the footsteps of St. Patrick .and Turn to Page Thirty
THE POPE (far right) SPEAKS AT BOSTON COMMON MASS
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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
the living word
A Right Spirit The pages, indeed the 'volumes, that will reflect Pope John Paul's first visit to this nation and in particular to New England will tax the talents of historians for years to come. These few editorial words are but the feeble attempt of one editor to mark an event that goes far beyond the mere historic. Adjectives abound and descriptive phrases pour forth in abundance as one attempts to capture in words the meaning of this event. What is truly simple is in itself a cause of complexity. What is truly religious and moral' is confused by the secular. What is historic becomes histrionic. The magnitude of the media, the diversity of the dramatic and the elation of the epthusiastic tend to distort the pilgrim, the pious 'and the plain. Maybe it is that we have come into an age when even the reality of a papal visit cannot be devoid of the bombastic. Here in this land symbolism and signs have made the Pope an instant star whose attraction knows no bounds. In.a way this is sad, for it negatively affects individual relationships. Not, of course, that all the wo"rld's people who would like to meet the Holy Father could do so in a lifetime; but rather that crowds tend to remove his person. from' the individual. The insecurity of our own national mood is also an obstacle to the Holy Father'~ ability to move about freely 'without the constant fear of harm to his own person. The evil lurking in the hearts of so many fanatics tends to create a reaction of over-protection. The security" logistics involved in this papal visit are indeed unprecedented. Yet, as such precautions guard the person of the pope they at the same time tend to thwart his desire to be truly present to each anti everyone of those hearing and seeing him. What should be very personal becomes impersonal; what should be inspirational becomes garish; what, shoulc1 be sacred becomes secular. Yet these are the difficulties of the times and few have bee,n able to overcome the problems of the all-seeing public eye. . If the individual is to surmount these obstacles he must do it on his or her own. The media, which indeed are much to blame for this impersoQaliW, can also be for each of us the means whereby the exciting moments of life become very present. By approaching the papal visit in a personal and spiritual manner, each of us can glean a moment of inspiration, a memory of joy and a mood of peace. " And after all, is not that the real reason for this visit of the Holy Father: to bring to each of us in this nation a message of hope for a country that sometimes despairs, an example of love for a people that only too often hate and a reassurance of faith for millions who are searching for what is true. As we view and review the events of this memorable week, may each and every one of us take time to push aside the circus-like atmosphere that places the Holy Father ,in the center ring and try to see him' as a man of God,' a pilgrim of peace and above all a father who would love to meet each of us individually and leave us with a few words that would continue to inspire us in our own pilgrimage of life. '
OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FAll RIVER Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River, Mass. 02722 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D. FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATOR EDITOR Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan Rev. John F. Moore, . . . . leary Pr,ess-Fall River
'How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth goo~ tidings, and that preacheth peace.' Is. 52:7
CU Professor' Predicted Papal Choice When Pope John Paul II re-' 'turns to the Catholic University of America on Sunday, he will renew his ,acquaintance with the man who predicted he would become pope. Dr. Jude Dougherty, dean of the University's School of Philosophy, not only foretold the election of Karol Cardinal Wojtyla, he even predicted he would take the name John Paul II. Dougherty is no soothsayer, but it wasn't the first time he'd made that prediction. Since 1976, when the then Cardinal Wojtyla came to lecture on philosophy at The Catholic University of America, Dougherty said he knew he was someone special - both as a philosopher an~ a human being. , The fact that the cardinal is returning to the Washington, D.C., institution as Pope John Paul' H to make a major address on Catholic education amply affirms the dean's judgment. "I had invited him not as a cardinal but, as a professional , philosoper," Dougherty said, "and he made a great impression on the entire audience, both as a philosopher and as a tIuman being. The believers, and the non-believers alike, were deeply moved by him." \ "He is not a cold intelectual," Dougherty continued. "His warmth and conviviality were apparent immediately and there was no ecclesiastical aloofness about the man. In philosophical terms he was 'disponable' which means open and friendly." , Dougherty remembers the pope as a man with a remarkable ability to relate to people, to recall their names and things that
are important to them. Early on, according to Dougherty, the pope was introduced to a member of the Washington Philosophy Club l Sigmund Timberg, a Washington attorney, horn in Krakow, Poland. Several hours later, as the pope was 'leaving, he spotted Timberg, called him by name and invited him to visit Krakow as his guest. These attributes alone were not what led Dougherty to consider Karol Cardinal Wojtyla ,"papabile," the term Italians use for men of papal quality. "I felt we were in the presence of a great man for' several reasons," Dougherty said. "He is intelligent, learned, and he has the courage of his convictions. He also has tremendous piety towards his traditions and roots. He acknowledges his debt to God, to his country and to his people." DO\lgherty said he believed' it was only a matter of time until these qualities became apparent to the College of Cardinals. It - is his conjecture that the cardinals began to know Cardinal. Wojtyla during the first conclave when Pope John Paul I was elected. When they rt:lconvened after his short reign, the increased exposure brought the Polish cardinal to the fore. "Of course politics play an important role in papal elections," Dougherty said, "but in this case the conventional explanation politics - may be too conventional," ' "I like to think there was more to it than that. I think the election of Pope John Paul II was a triumph of human nature over po.lj!ics,'路 I
As far as the name the cardinal would choose as pope, Dougherty seems to think it was an obvious guess knowing his philosophy and understanding how he thinks. According to Dougherty, the pope is a man of his times. He was influenced greatly by the teachings of Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas, among others, but his language, the way he relates and expresses himself, is contemporary. The pope gives traditional thought a fresh interpretation and' appeal and his rhetoric is "learned and savvy," In short, Dougherty said the pope is a man who enjoys a good argument and does not back away from a fight. He is much more conservative than most people might realize," , Dougherty said, "but I think he has the charisma and the knowhow to get his ideas across. He's actually not that different from Pope Paul VI, but he has the physical vim and vigor which, is very important," The philosophy dean has more than just a passing familiarity with the pope's thinking. As editor of the Review of Metaphysics, a prestigious philosophical journal, 'he is about to publish .a treatise agreed upon during the pope's earlier visit to The Catholic University ,of America. The December issue will include "The Person: Subject and Community" by one Karol Wojtyla. Dougherty hopes, to present the pope with page proofs while he is at the University.
POPE JOHN PAUL II
His Excellency DANIEL A. CRONIN, S.T.D. Bishop of Fall River
REV. ERNEST E. BLAIS Pastor and Director .
WELCOME to ,our Beautiful State of Mass'achusetts. /
Sacred Heart Parish
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Viva it Papa!
THE ANCHOR...,...Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
IT WAS A DAY FOR YOUTH IN BOSTON
Day of Days Continued from page three in "the unsearchable riches of Christ" (Ephesians 3:8). The brief service closed with the moving "Salve Regina,"路 sung in Latin by all present. A c,enturies-old hymn, it forms part of the office of Compline, 路the "night prayer" of the church, From the cathedral, the papal motorcade jJloved to the Boston Common and the climactic event of the day, the outdoor Mass, attended by an estimated 500, 000 to 600,000 worshipers, despite rain "so hard it hurt," according to 22-year-old Mary-
beth Patota of Sacred Heart par- looked at him with love' and ish, Fall River, a June graduate told him . . . Come and follow of the University of Massachu- me." Pope John Paul recalled the setts and one of the youth to whom Pope John Paul particu- sequel. "The young man, who had shown such interest in the larly addressed himself. . In his homily, he called youth . fundamental question, 'went away sad, for he had many pos"the future of the world." He tossed the challenge of sessions.' Yes, he went away Christ to them, recaIling the and - as can be deduced from Gospel story in which a young the context - he refused to acman asked Christ: "What must cept the call of Christ," added the pope. I do ... ?" / From. the' Gospel' story the The young man "received a concise and penetrating answer." pope drew the lesson that the the pope said, quoting the Gos- young are open to questions Turn to Page Twenty-five pel narrative: "Then, Jesus
POPE JOHN PAUL n
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FLOWER-BEDECKED CRUCIFIX <lominates one section of Boston Common. Ban- ' ners, posters and symbols such as this were carried by many pilgrims. The contingent f~om St Stanislaus parish, Fall River,_ for instance, displayed the huge banner that earned them special attention this summer at Castel Gandolfo. Some thought the pope' recognized it again on Monday. (Caufman Photo)
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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
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- indeed limited time for this trip - that he would lose time coming West," he said. "I would think that he will come to the West Coast of the United States some time in the foreseeable future - maybe ayear or two - but there is nothing scheduled at the moment," Archbishop Quinn l;\dded.
Ethnics to Share in Mall Mass
SAN FRANCISCO (NC)-Pope is any' violation of the separaJohn Paul II's trip to the United tion of church and state," the States will "lift the spirits of archbishop said. And, he added with a grin, the U.S. Catholic Church" along with the morale of all those who "50 million Catholics in this "look to him as a leader of country also pay their taxes people," according to Archbishop and complain like everybody John R. Quinn of San Francisco, else." "It was thought that, .since he president of the National Conhad limited time in this country ference of Catholic -Bishops. Archbishop Quinn is accompanying the pope on his trip through the United States. "This is an enormously signifiWASHINGTO~ (NC) Lay .cant visit," Archbishop Quinn participants in the Mass to be said, "because the pope is a celebrated on Sunday by Pope world leader of almost unique John .Paul II on the Mall in stature. The impact of his of- Washington will include Cathfice and the impact of his own olics from almo~t every constidynamic personality will be tuency. greatly felt during his visit." The selection of lay people involved as lectors, deacons and Asked whether the pope might gift bearers reflects church efspeak about materialism in the United States, Archbishop Quinn forts to avoid excluding any ethjoked that he had no crystal ball nic ·group. Those chosen represent every group in the Washor tea leaves. ' ington Archdiocese which meets "Perhaps he will (speak of regularly' for Mass in its native materialism)," Archbishop Quinn language. The languages include said. "But we in the United Polish, Spanish, French, VietStates have always been able to namese, Italian and Korean. recognize our shortcomings and Father Ronald Jameson, who perhaps, as is already happening, we should pay more attention heads the committee planning to our exc~ssive dependence the Mass on the Mall, said the . archdiocese wanted to show by upon material things." the selection of the readers "the Also raised at the news COIl- local dimension, the American . ference was the church-state dimension and the universal issue which has emerged in dimension of the church. some cities the pope will visit. A Vietnamese refugee, an "I don't think ·that for the Italian-born housewife, a black cities to provide normal security librarian and· a Hispanic man for the public parts of the trip will participate in the Mass.
Black, white and Hispanic families have been chosen to present gifts to the pope. Some readers were selected after a try-out at the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception. "It was like auditioning for a 'Broadway show," according to one person who tried out. Father Jameson said the lectors were chosen not only on the basis of their reading ability and "physical presence" but because "they ~re good examples of Christian men and women and are active in their parishes." The deacons, he said,' were picked on the basis of their demonstrated ability to "handle themselves well under pressure." . The reader who may have traveled the longest distance to Washington is Hai Dang Nguyen, now a budget analyst, formerly a bank president in Vietnam. He fled Saigon in April 1975 with 37 members of his family on an oil tanker loaded with fuel and several hundred refugees.
NCCB Head Discusses Papal Visit
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Pope John Paul IT : .A Biographical Sketch Karol Joseph Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, Poland, on 18 May 1920 and baptized on 20 June of the same year. His father, also named Karol (1879-1941), was an administrative officer for the
Polish army, recruiting for the 12th Infantry Regiment, which was stationed in the town. Once a foundry worker, the elder Wojtyla raised his two sons -Karol and his older brother,
Edmund-in an atmosphere of religious piety and strict discipline, sometimes making them study in cold rooms to harden them against the elements. The future Pope's mother Emilia
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Krezorowska (d. 1929), was a former school teacher whose frequent illnesses forced her to rely upon her ~ieces for heip in raising her boys. Particularly after the father's retirement from active military duty, the modesty of their means forced young Karol to work to support the family, although Edmund, some 15 years his senior, was able to attend medical school.
mother, plagued 'by a kidney ailment, died while delivering a stillborn daughter. When he was 12 his brother Edmund, by then an intern, died of scarlet fever contracted from his patients. A teacher who first met Karol a few months later detected the sorrow on the boy's face. When Karol passed his final examinations in 1937, his father moved with him to Krakow so that he could afford to study at An athletic boy, Karol en- the JageIlonian University. Enjoyed daredevil swims in the roIled in the department of philflooded Swaka River, but his osophy, Karol became involved' true enthusiasm was for playing in the "Rhapsodic Theatre," an experimental troupe which emgoalie in soccer games. phasized in performance the As a young boy he enjoyed beauty 'of dramatic language. games, was an ardent punster, Around this time, Karol came and even played at offering into contact' with Jan TyranowMass with playmates as altar ski (1900-1947), who had abanboys. doned a career as an accountKarol was an exceIlent stu- ant because tailoring aIlowed dent. He served as president of him a quieter life conducive to his school sodality, but his main prayer, meditation, and the study , extracurricular love- was the of Christian mysticism. Tyratheatre; nowski cultivated Karol's reliEven as a young boy, he dis- gious and philosophical interplayed his talents by performing ests, bringing him into his inexpert impersonations of his formal "living rosary" prayer teachers. Having participated in group. various school plays, by 1937 The beginning of World War Karol starred in and helped di- II was a turning point of Karol rect a school drama club pro- Wojtyla's life. On 1 September duction. On graduating from 1939, he was serving as an altar high school, he declared his in-' boy at Mass as the bombs betention of studying Polish lan- gan to fall on Krakow. The Nazi guage. and literature in order to occupation forced the university .become a professional actor. ' - and with it the Rhapsodic When Karol was nine, his Theatre-to go underground.
HOLY FATHER Welcome To Our United States Be Assured Of Our' Devotion~ Our Esteem, Ou.r Prayers And Our Efforts To Second Your .Ministry THE CLERGY, REUGIOUS AND LAITY OF ST. ANNE'S PARISH AND SHRINE FALL RIVER, MASSACHUSETTS
THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
Clandestinely pursuing both his studies and his acting, Karol took up manual labor to support himself and to secure from the authorities the work permit necessary to forestall deportation or imprisonment. Years later he commemorated his jab as a stone hewer in a poem called "The Quarry." Although vigorous, he was not at this time particularly strong, so he was soon made assistant shot-firer, placing explosives in the rock. By 1941 he was working in the Solvay chemical company, first unloading lime from railroad hoppers, later tending boilers. The latter employment, on the night shift, was particularly conducive to his clandestine studies. Wojtyla also found time to lobby for better working conditions, persuading the management to open a recreation center for the workers. During this period, Karol Wojtyla was active in the UNIA organization, a Christian democratic underground. B'nai B'rith and other authorities have testified that he helped Jews secure refuge from the Nazis. His affiliation with Bratnia Pomoc Studentow, a union of university students, seems also to have begun in the war years. The significance of Karol's continuing participation in the now-proscribed Rhapsodic Theatre can be appreciated in light of the Nazi attempt to extinguish all vestiges of Polish culture. These secret readings and performances were an integral part of the' cultural resistance to the enemy. By the time Karol Wojtyla disappeared from his job at Solvay in 1944, his name had appeared on a Nazi blacklist. Rumor has suggested that Karol Wojtyla married at this time, a report which the Vatican has emphatically denied. Similarly, a report that Karol had "at least one steady girlfriend" has yet to be substantiated. The very sensitivity to the problems of love and marriage in Karol Wojtyla's later writings, especially Love and Responsibility (1960), has been cited to explain the persistence of rumors that
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he had been married to a girl killed by the Nazis. His Holiness himself made a teasingly oblique reference to this aspect of his past when he was in Poland this year; he abruptly curtailed a reminiscence of his family with, "Well, that's enough of the past. I'm not going into details. There are a lot of reporters around, ready to investigate. Matters of the heart and youth should be left to God, who calls human beings at different stages of their lives." It was his hospitalization after a serious tram accident which shocked Karol into his first mature' thought about a religious vocation, possibly as a Carmelite. He persuaded himself, however, that his God-given talents called him to be an actor.
Sideswiped soon after his release by a German army truck, Wojtyla reconsidered his earlier decision during his second con路 valescence. Suddenly orphaned during that some year (1941) when a heart attack claimed his father, the younger Karol came more fully under Tyranowski's religious influence. By 1942 he was engaged in preparatory studies for the priesthood. Fearing discovery by the Nazis, Wojtyla and other secret seminarians retreated in August 1944 to the palace of Archbishop Adam Stefan Sapieha, where they hid while attending classes. At the end of the war they reo sumed their studies under more conventional conditions and Karol Wojtyla was ordained a priest on 1 November 1946. Recognizing the young priest's superior intellect, Cardinal Sapieha assigned him to continue his studies at the Angelicum in Rome. There in 1948 he earned his Ph.D. in philosophy with a dissert~tion on "Problems' of Faith in the Works of St. John of the Cross"-the culmination of studies to which Tyranowski had introduced him. Having resided at the Belgian College while in Rome, Father Wojtyla visited its mother country and France on his summer vacation in 1947, ministering to Polish workers who found them-
;Pope Paul VI, who named Wojtyla a cardinal in 1967, recognized his achievements by emplaying him as a theological consultant arid having him conduct his personal Lenten retreat for 1976. The meditations from this retreat have been published as ,"Sign of Contradiction" (New York, 1979).
THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
Cardinal Wojtyla traveled by way of Asia to the 1973 Eucharistic Congress in Sydney, Australia. In 1969 and 1976, he toured Canada, the United States, and Latin America.
WELCOME' POPE JOHN P,AUL II
In 1974, 1977, and 1978 he visited West Germany in a continuing effort to reconcile the Polish people with their former conquerors.
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Biographical Sketch He was summoned from a selves unwelcome refugees in those countries. In France he camping trip with a group of also observed the controversial students in the summer of 1958 "worker priest" experiment in to learn that he had been made action. . , Auxiliary Bishop of Krakow. He Upon his return to Poland, rose to be vicar capitular to the Father Wojtyla took up pastoral diocese four years later and in duties, first as a deacon in 1964, when the government perNiegowic, later as pastor at St. mitted the church to appoint a Florian's in Krakow. Despite resident archbishop' of Krakow parish work, he managed to for the first time since 1951, earn a second doctorate, in Karol Wojtyla was chosen for theology, before the Communist the post. As bishop and later archbishauthorities abolished that department of the Jagellonian Uni- op, Wojtyla successfully conversity in 1949. cluded a 20-year struggle to Wojtyla served as chaplain to build a magnificent church at the students at this time, and he Nowa Huta, a new town designed entered the faculty of the uni- by the government as a "socialversity itself by presenting his ist" environment free of religious thesis on the ethical system of influence. He estaolished adult religious study groups in par-' Max Scheler. ishes, a Family. Institute, and a A 'professor of moral theology in the major seminary at Kra- ministry for the sick and diskow, he became in 1954 a pro- abled to meet the needs of his fessor of ethics at the Catholic people. His friendships in the Jewish University of Lublin, and eventually chairman of the philOSO- and intellectual communities afforded those groups effective phy department there. The 1950s also saw the emer- liaison with the' Church. His gence of Father Wojtyla as a pro- new eminence left Wojtyla perlific author of moral and philo- sonally unaffected; he left his sophical works, some of which modest flat for the archepiscopal are 'beginning to appear in Eng- palace only when his exasperated staff forced him to do so lish. by moving all his personal effects Pseudonymous litetary works, including a play and some there. poems, began to appear in CathArchbishop Wojtyla attended olic periodicals; "Easter Vigil all the sessions of the Second and other Poems" (New York, Vatican Council, 1962-65. By the 1979) came out in English soon second session, in 1963, he had after Wojtyla's election as pope. risen to prominence, eventually The author was named to the leaving his mark on several imPolish Academy of Sciences in portant documents. In the Con1959 in recognition of his philo- stitution on the Church, "Lumen sophical work. Nonetheless, Gentium," he argued against an scholarly and intellectual pur- institutional conception of the suits never managed to stifle Church and in favor of "the Wojtyla's love for pastoral work. people of God."
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Along with the effects of. the Vatican' Council, these travels broadened Cardinal Wojtyla's perspective on the world; by making him better known to the rest of the Church, they incidentally paved the way for his . election as Pope John Paul II on 16 October 1978.
POPE JOHN PAUL II has little time these days for carefree excursions such as this 1959 mountain climbing expedition, during which the camera caught him at an alfresco shaving session. (NC Photo)
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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
Our State and Nation Are Honored! A CORDIAL WELCOME TO
His Holiness Pope John Paul II THE1
·Gitizens. IN MEXICO, mariachi musicians greeted the pope, while the faith of a thousand years looked out through the eyes of this Polish peasant woman at Czestochowa. (NC Photo)
The Globetrotting Pope When, the day after his election as Pope, John Paul II drove to a Rome hospital to visit his friend, Bishop Andrew Maria Deskur, he made it clear that he would not confine himself to the Vatican any more than had Pope Paul VI. , In succeeding weeks, the Pope visited shrines at Mentoralla and Assisi. He paid tribute to his immediate predecessor, Pope John Paul' I, by saying Mass in" the latter's hOlJle town of Canale d'Agordo.
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As Archbishop of Krakow, John Paul' II had traveled through Europe, the Far East, and the Americas in 'pastoral ministry to the Polish communities there; it was only a matter of time, then, before the new Pope would carry his enlarged pastoral mission beyond' Italy. The third general assembly of the Latin American Bishops' Conference provided the occasion for John Paul's first inter· national "pilgrimage of faith." On 25 January 1979, Pope John Paul II arrived in Santo Domingo, the Dominican Republic, kissing the earth and celebrat· ing Mass on the island wh~re in 1492 Columbus had attended the first Mass in the Western Hemisphere. On the next day, the pope arrived in Mexico City, where he was rec~ived as a "distinguished visitor" by the President of Mexico. The day after making a pilgrimage to the National Shrine 'of Our Lady of Guadalupe on 27 January, the Pope opened the bishops' conference., On the 29th, he flew to Oaxaca, where he met impoverished Indians of that region; on the 30th, he visited Guadalajara and
the shrine at nearby Zapopan. On 31 Ja.nuary, Pope John Paul addressed an audience of young people at the Catholic University of Mexico before flying back to Rome. In various talks in Mexico, the pope stressed traditional values of family life and of devotion to the Virgin Mary. He spught to put in perspective the "liberation theology" of social activism, by stressing that the 'Church's efforts must be founded in the Gospel rather than in merely human motivations and goals.
His stay at the monastery of Jasna Gora (4-6 June) involved ecclesiastical functions as well as meetings with pilgrims from every part of ;Poland to the Shrine of the "Black Madonna," Our Lady of Czestochowa. Perhaps the most publicized event of the papal mission was his visit of 7 June to the site of the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz. Commemorating the sufferings of many victims there, particularly the martyrdom of Blessed Maximilian Kolbe at the hands of· the' Nazis, the Pope touched poignantly the feelings of Jews and Christians alike.
Nonetheless, John Paul continued to emphasize the social From his base in Krakow, the commitments of the church in pope also visited shrines at his statements, underscoring the Nowy Targ, Mogila and Blonia theme by his visits to hospitals, _ Krakowskie. At his old episcoto charitable institutions, and to pal seat, John Paul presided over the poor themselves. the closing of an archdiocesan The Pope's triumphant return synod-there, as at the meeting to his native land was not merely of Polish bishops, setting a fua personal indulgence, for Pope ture course for the Church in Paul VI had 'been bitterly dis- his native land. appointed when, in 1966, the The fervor of the Polish CathCommunist government there reolics, which engulfed the Pope fused him permission to cele· everywhere. he went, was re·· brate personally the millenium flected by the attendance of alof Christianity in Poland. .most two million people-five As in' Mexico, John Paul II per cent of the population of the· was realizing goals of his be- country-at the Pope's June 10 loved predecessor during his departure l'dass. visit. Whatever the political implications of the former Cardinal Freeman of Dublin Wojtyla's encounter with the Communist authorities of Poland, DUBLIN, Ireland (NC)-The his' visit to Poland was essen- city of Dublin made Pope John tially pastoral. Paul II an honorary Freeman of On 2 June the pope arrived in Dublin during his three-day visit Warsaw where he conferred to the Irish Republic. He was with Polish government officials. the 53rd person to receive this After a meeting for young people honor. Among those previously honthe next day, he made a pilgrimage to the tomb of St. Adalbert ored was President John Kenin Gniezno. nedy in 1963.
JOHN- PAUL II
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THE ANCHO~-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
Welcome, Pope John Paul.II, to the United States!
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SURROUNDED BY NEW YORK'S FINEST, Pope Paul VI waves to noontime crowds from the steps of 81. Patrick's Cathedral, during his 14-hour visit Oct. 4, 1965. The main purpose of his trip was to plead for peace at the UN. (NC Photo)
John Paul II is not the .only ited Washington, Denver, Chi- -Iakovos, Primate of North and pope to have enjoyed firsthand cago, Detroit, New York, Quebec South A'merica, in a gesture of between the familiarity with the :United and New England before flying reconciliation churches. States; two of his predecessors to Ireland. traveled extensively in this In addition to the usual tourist The climax of the evening was country. activities, Msgr. Montini, who a Mass for Peace, celebrated beIn 1936, three years before his had- a special interest in the fore thousands at Yankee Staelection as Pope Pius XII, Euge- working man, visited an auto- .dium. Hurrying to the airport nio Cardinal Pacelli made an ex- mobile assembly line and a num- Pope Paul, a connoisseur of art, tensive tour through 12 of the . ber of Catholic institutions. stopped to view Michaelangelo's 16 American ecclesiastical provIn 1960 the then Cardinal "Pieta," which he had author'· inces. Although contemporary Montini returned briefly to the ized to be displayed at the Vatispeculation about the purpose U.S., receiving along with Presi- can pavilion at the New York of the trip ranged from securing dent Dwight Eisenhower an hon- World's Fair. diplomatic recognition for the orary degree fro.m Notre Dame From start to finish, Pope Vatican to disciplining Father University and visiting Catholic Charles Coug4lin, the "radio churches and organizations be- Paul's journey to New York was priest," its very extensiveness fore flying to Brazil. The presi- dedicated 'to peace. His powersuggests that it was intended to dential campaign -of Senator ful speech at the UN, the Staafford the Vatican Secretary of John Kennedy made it necessary dium Mass, the discussion with State a comprehensive impres- for him to emphasize that even President Johnson-every detail sion of the increasingly impor- this brief visit was not politicaJ. of the visit-all aimed at reconciling people, religions, and natant Church in the U.S. As the "Welcome Back" sign on tions with one another. Insisting that the visit was the New York Foundling Home, The visit of Pope John' Paule II "purely private," Cardinal Pa- which he had visited as a carcelli scrupulously ~voided in- dinal in 1960, suggested the 14- to the United States likewise volvement in the presidential hour visit 'of Pope Paul VI to represents a kind of homecomelection campaign, making a .New York on 4 October 1965 ing. The former Cardinal Wojluncheon with· the Washington was something of a homecoming. tyla lias spent more time in this press corps the sole public func- A motorcade which included country than either of his predetion of his trip. Awarded honor- both Fifth Avenue and Harlem cessors. In addition to the nuary degrees at Georgetown, took tile pontiff from LaGuardia merous acquaintances, he made Fordham, and Notre Dame, the Airport to welcoming cere- on his previous visits, Pope John Cardinal viewed historic sites in monies at St. Patrick's Cathe- Paul counts a number of cousins and old associates from. Poland addition to visiting Catholic in- dral. stitutions. Pope Paul conferred for 45 among his friends here. Emerging from a' visit with minutes at the Waldorf-Astoria In addressing the United NaPresident Roosevelt at Hyde with President Lyndon Johnson tions and meeting with President Park, Cardinal Pacelli quipped, abou~ the problems of world Carter, John Paul follows the .'''1 enjoyed lunching with a typi- peace before delivering to the path of Paul VI; in e~tending his cal American family." United Nations General Assem- trip to a number ot American Msgr. Giovanni Battista Mon- bily his moving "No More War" cities, the first reignJng pope. to tini, later Pope Paul VI, first vis- . address. travel extensively in this counited the United States at the inAfter a meeting with Amer· try will renew his acquaintance vitation of his friend, the Apos· ican ecumenical leaders of many with a people for whom he has tolic Delegate, for thre"'e weeks faiths, the Pope met privately frequently expressed his respect _. in 1951. The future pontiff vis- with Greek Orthodox ArChbishop and affection. .
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On the front side of the medallion is a full-face depiction of Pope John Paul II, above ,which is the inscription "Ioannes Paulus II, Pont.'Maximus."
On the back side is featured the Vatican coat of arms, with the Pope's symbol. Above that that is the inscription "Papal Visit October I, 1979," and on' the bottom "Boston, Mass."
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medallion. There will be 1,700 of this version for parish priests of the archdiocese and it will also be available for purchase in parishes by the public. The Balfour Company in Attleboro will strike and manufacture the medallions, which are of jeweler's metal.
WASHINGTON (NC) - Pope John Paul II will participate in ~n unprecedented prayer service with leaders of other Christian religions while he is in Washington on Sunday. - Up to 500 leaders of Christian churches are being invited to come to the prayer service, to be held at 10:30 Sunday morning at the Catholic University of America, according to Father J. Peter Sheehan, associate director of the U.S. Bishops' Committee for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs. Father Sheehan said that he and Father Gabriel Duify, ecumenism director for the Archdiocese of Washington, are coordinating the program. The prayer service, expected to last from a half·hour to 45 'minutes, will be in three parts: an opening prayer offered by Pope john Paul, a response by Cardinal William Baum of Wash· ington, and a "discourse" by the pope. Invitations are being extended to heads of denominations and their representatives as well as to leaders of ecumenical organizations such as the Ecumenical Society of the Blessed Virgin Mary, an organization based at the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington. While in the U.S., the pope will also meet with Jewish, Buddhist and Islamic leaders.
ON CAPE COD
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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of F~II River-Thu'rs.,
Pope Paul Wounded in 1970, Says Aide i IIi
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life in Manila," Msgr. Macchi said. "After I pushed b!lck the attacker, who had wounded Paul in the chest, fortunately not lethally, I turned to look at the pope. I will never .forget his sweet smile.
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Msgr. Pasquale Macchi made VATICAN CITY i(NC) - Ending a nine-year silence on the the comment on a special comincident, Pope Paul VI's personal memorative program 'broadcast . secretary said Sept. 23 that the . by Vatican Radio. late pope was "wounded in the "If you ask me what the chest" during a 1970 assassina- pope's most beautiful smile was, tion attempt in the Philippines. it was durin,? the attempt on his
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Pope Asked To" Challenge Americans WASHINGTON (NC) - More than 8,000 American Catholics from 46 states and 11 countries have signed a letter to Pope John Paul II urging him to "challenge us with the vigor with which you spoke out in Mexico and Poland" during his U.S. visit. "We wish to share with you our hopes for the coming visit to the United States and to propose areas in which your words might have strong impact for the Catholic community, for people of other faiths and for those who shape our pu~ic' policy," the letter said. The letter was drafted and circulated by Network, a Washington-based Catholic ,social justice lobby. Signers included bishops, clergymen, Religious and laymen, particularly those working on social justice issues. The signers asked the pope to address these issues: - Capitalism: "In Poland you challenged the Marxist system. We hope that you will challenge our North American social and economic system with equal vigor." - Military power and disarmament; "We need to be challenged on our commitment to disarmament and confronted on our role as the major arms supplier for the world." - 'Foreign policy: The letter asked the pope to empnasize economic aid for the world's
poor and continued U.S. support for human rights. - Discrimination;. The letter asked the P9pe to encourage continued opposition' to racism, sexism and other forms of discrimination. - Nuclear power: "In our national debate over nuclear power we need to hear again the voice of the church's concern for present and future generations who, if we set our face toward nuclear power, will face a future of possible- disasters, perilous wastes and a dangerous concentration of economic power." - Refugees and illegal aliens: The letter asked the pope to encourage Americans to be gener.ous to these tWQ groups. - Consumption: "United States patterns of consumption have enormous impact upon the resources of the earth. Lest future generations are to inherit an Earth of ravaged environment and wasted resources, we. need to be confronted and challenged toward policies of responsible stewardship for our sojourn upon the Earth." Within the church, the letter said, Catholics need to be "summoned" to implement the church's social teaching and "suffuse our culture with reverence for life which extends with equal vigor from the unborn to children, to the handicapped, to the battered, to the sick, to the imprisoned, to the old - to
any whose freedom and lives are threatened by the prejudice of others." The letter also' asked for "renewed'encouragement for people to . take their rightful place in sharing ministry and responsi,bility in the· church." Finally, the letter said, "We need . . . to be called from ,an individualistic piety toward the vision of a community of ser-. vice committed, as was Jesus, to .spreading the good news and committed to following up our preaching with the actions which witness the power of that news to heal, free, feed, clothe and welcome."
of Men; more than 310 members of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious; Dominican Sister Carol Coston, Network's executive director; and directors and staff of Catholic organizations such as 'PADRES, an organization of Hispanic priests; Marriage Encounter; the Cath·
Among the letter's signers were Archbishop-lflect Patrick Flores of EI Paso, Texas; Auxi. liary Bishop Thomas Gumbleton of Detroit; Franciscan Father Alan McCoy, president of the Conference of Major Superiors
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POPE JOHN PAUL, then Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, second from right in second row: joins in prayer at the 1969 world synod of bishops. A syno4 next year will discuss the Christian family. The possible upcoming meeting of cardinals will be the first non-conclave session of the prelates since 1965.
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Vatican Watchers Enjoy Field Day VATICAN CITY (NC) - Vatican-watchers are having a field day following repo~s from around the world that Pope John Paul II will hold an extraordinary assembly of all cardinals next month. Talk of the special meeting began wjth an article in the Paris newspaper Le Figaro and was transmitted throughout Italy by the, Italian agency ANSA. All of the news agencies quoted unidentified "high officials" in the Vatican. One Vatican source said it will probably begin Nov. 4, the feast day of St. Charles Bor, romeo. The meeting, presumably occurring between Pope John Paul's trip to Ireland and the United States and his visit to the Philippines, was not expected to interfere' with the U.S. bishops' meeting Nov. 12-15, ac~ cording to Bishop Thomas C. Kelly, general secretary of the National Conference "of Catholic Bishops. Although the Vatican sources would not say what the topic of the possible meeting would be, speculation centered on several topics: Vatican finances, the traditionalist campaign of French, Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, a review of the pope's year - in office (which ends Oct. 16), or ~' preliminary planning for a third Vatican Council. Pope John Paul reportedly told the cardinals -after the conclave which elected him that he would like to meet with them periodically to exchange views., ANSA said Pope John Paul wants to make an "efficiency judgment" on the college of cardinals and emphasize its advisory role to the pope. The issue of Vatican finances has been in the news' recently because of reports that the pope plans to make public the Vatican budget before the end of
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the year. Although he could do that without' asking for 'advice, a decision by the college of cardinals to do so would probably be more impressive to the world and, would emphasize the collegial nature of church decisionmaking. Vatican employees disturbed about a 10-year unofficial wage , freeze recently went public with their complaints in an open letter to Pope John Paul. ' They accused the pontiff of spending too much time abroad to have time for the problems of his own employees. "We do not seek privileges or advantages but a just pay," tp.e· letter said. The anonymous letter, signed only by "your Vatican employees," was released only a few days after the pope told workers in the factory town of Pomezia, Italy" that he considered himself their "friend and colleague" because of his work in a limestone quarry in his native Poland. On Sept. 20, a Vatican spokesman said 'Pope John Paul is "well aware" of the financial difficulties facing Vatican employees and had spoken to sev,eral _ of ,them himself before ordering the investigation of possible solutions. ' , /' "Naturally it takes time to confront the question in\lts various aspects," said the spokesman" Father Romeo Panciroli, who issued the statement' in response' to numerous questions ' from journalists. The spokesman said the problemwill be resolved "in con· formity with the demands of social justice but of necessity also taking into account the concrete possibilities of the Holy See, which. *.. are limited." A day earlier, a member of the group which had written the open letter to the pope announced that work was already underway to organize a workers com-
mittee to represent employees in dealing with the Vatican over pay and working conditions. The employees' spokesman, who asked not to be identified, said traditional fringe benefits available to Vatican employees, such as reduced prices on food, medicine and gasoline, were no longer adequate to make up for the rising cost of living in Italy. A discussion of Archbishop Lefebvre, who was suspended from exercising his priestly functions by Pope Paul VI, is less likely at the extraordinary session. Archbishop Lefebvre has said he is willing to sign a statement accepting. the Second Vatican Council, interpreted according to tradition, but Vatican sources give little credence to reports that the archbishop is the cardinal named "in pectore" (in the heart) by Pope John Paul II last June 30. ' The name of,that cardinal could be released by the pope, however, at the special meeting. Talk of a possible Third Vatican Council has cropped up several times recently in the Italian 'press, with "the values of life'; being mentioned as a theme. Bishop Paolo Hnilica," a Czechoslovakian Jesuit who lives in Rome, was quoted in a recent issue of the Italian magazine La Gente as saying that Pope John Paul II's many travels were intenqed to gather input for another council. "This is why the pope travels so much: to go out and find (the world's bishops) in their Sees, to talk -and dialogue with them," h,e said. "These pastoral visits are certainly the preparation of a council." ' If the extraordinary gathering of cardinals does ta~e place, it will be the first such' meeting in more than 14 years not convened to elect a pop~.
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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 197,9
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Holy Cross Cathedral Becomes First U.S. Ch~rch To Welcome Reigning Pope On Monday 路Boston's Holy ,dominated by a magnificent marCross Cathedral experienced the ble high altar, over which are peakmornent of its I 04~year old suspended, in keeping with, an-' history, as it became the first cient tradition, the red hats of church in the United States to both Cardinal Cushing and Car-, be visited by a reigning pope. dinal William O'Connell. Although English Gothic in Within .the huge edifice Pope John: Paul II joined in prayer style, the Cathedral of the' Holy with the bishops and over 2000 Cross is American in character, priests of New England, imme- the realization of the vision of diately prior to his 'Boston Com- Boston's third bishop, Most Rev. John B. Fitzpatrick, who died mon Mass. The cathedral is considered before its completion. Originally the' cathedral was one of the great religious edifices ,in the world. It measures to be surmounted by two spires, 46,000 square feet and covers the main spire soaring some 300, more than an acre of ground, feet into the skies. But South End of the city, surpassing in size many of the famous cathedrals of Europe, in-. where the cathedral is located, eluding Venice, Vienna, Stras- was once part of Boston Harbor bourg, Dublin, Pisa and Salis- and it was feared the filled harbor bottom would not carry the bury. Cruciform in shape - 354 feet tremendous weight of the spires. long, 90 feet wide and with a They were therefore deleted from transept of 170 feet-the cathe-' .the plans. With that precaution taken, . dral is an interpretation of Old World architectural genius by the massive edifice has stood unNew World artisans and crafts" disturbed for more than a cenmen employing native materials, tury, its blunted towers projectineluding Roxbury pudding stone ing a, fortress-like solidity and stability in contr,ast to the airy and Quincy granite. ' Its superb colored-glass win- grace of traditional Gothic dows, portraying the life of spires. The structure's permanence Christ and the history of the , Church, are for the most part amid the changes of the past 100 Munich glass masterpieces paint- years, is almost prophetic.' In ed by a Milwaukee firm which the mid-19th century, the South specialized in that Bavarian art End was a fashionable residenform. 'Three stained glass win- tial district, homogeneously popdows above the. main altar were ulated bY,the successful descendinstalled by the late Cardinal ants of Irish immigrants. Richard Cushing. The area, however, declined The spacious sanctuary is and then collapsed with the
change" of economic conditions which ultimately led to the depressiop of 1930. The 'mansions became rooming houses and sections of the area utter slums. Now the economic style is in reverse. The former residents or their children, who fled to the suburbs in search of a fuller life, are returning. The South End's population today is no longer homogeneous but multiracial, multiethnic and socially mixed. The cathedral alone stands unchanged. Its parish, which ranges from the disadvantaged environs of the City Hospital to the south to the gold-domed State House overlooking' Boston Common, the Public Garden and the Charles River, is seen as a microcosm of the Universal Church. The diversity provides for a culturally rich environment and an unusually colorful liturgy, as native Americans mix with an influx of minority peoples, ineluding Hispanics, French, italians, Syrians, Lebanese, Greeks, Afro-Americans and Chinese. The cathedral, now undergoing extensive exterior and interior renovation, offers a marked contrast to the original cathedral at 49 Franklin Street, now at the center of Boston's downtown, and presently the location of the Archdio.cesan newspaper, The 'Pilot. Designed by Charles Bulfinch, the most famous architect of his day" whose works also include
Holy Cross Cathedral the Massachusetts State House, the erection of the cathedral could be termed the beginning of the architectural history of the Boston Archdiocese. Prior to that time the scattered hundreds of Roman Catholics met in small meeting houses. Recognizing the need of their Catholic neighbors for a place of worship, Boston Protestants donated one-fifth of the building fund of $17,000 raised to construct the first Church of the Holy Cross. Heading the list of non-Catholic subscribers was John Adams, second president of the United States. In addition, the . new church was designed, without fee, by Bulfinch to honor his friend, Bishop John Cheverus. The simple but elegant Italian Renaissance structure was dedicated September 29, 1803. Of Bulfinch's architectural jewel, only the picturesque. wooden altar is preserved in the basement crypt of the present Cathedral, near the burial v~ults of Bishop Fitzpatrick and his successor, Boston's first Archbishop, Archbishop John Joseph Williams. Other memorabilia there include an old episcopal aJ~r throne, photographs and can4lesticks. The genius of Bulfinch's design, however, can be observed by visitors at St. Stephen's Church, in Hanover Street, in the North End, restored to its original splendor a few years ~go by Cardinal Cushing.
Bulfinch's active concern for the interior decorations stimulated the interest of painter Henry Sargent, whose altarpiece representing the Crucifixion is shown in a lithograph by William S. Pendleton, the only known representation of the interior of the Holy Cross Church. Also/preserved in the archives as an equally priceless memento of the occasion are the words of Shubael Bell, then senior warden of Boston's Christ Church, that "no circumstance has contributed more to the peace and good order of the town than the establishment of a Catholic Church." Actull1ly incorporated as an integral part of the structure -of the Cathedral. too, is a memento of another - and tragic - chapter of Boston's religious history. The vestibule arch,. which separates the main entrance from the church properY, was built of bricks from the ruins of Mt. Benedict, an Ursuline convent in East Somerville, which was burned to the ground by a mob of bigots in 1834. The side chapel was the fi'rst completed part of the cathedral. There, on September 28, 1870, Bishop WiIliams celebrated _the first Mass in what is now called the chapel of the Blessed Sacrament. As. in every cathedral, here and in Europe, there is a "Lady Chapel," an altar in honor ·of the Blessed Virgin. Near the Lady Altar is another, dedicated to Pope St. Pius X. At the left
THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall
of the main altar is the "Altar of the True Cross," in which is imbedded a relic of the cross" which lends its name to the cathedral. Even before the dedication of the completed cathedral on December 8, 1875, it was opened for -its first major public function, the conferral of the pallium, the symbol of metropolitan jurisdiction, on Archbishop Williams by Cardinal Gibbons of Baltimore, ·on May 2, 1875.. Boston was now an archdiocese and 'the metropolitan see of all New England. In its 104 years, the cathedral has been the scene of many historic events.. In 1877, for instance, it witnessed the golden jubilee ·of the ordination of Rev. James Fitton, the first native priest of New England. In 1892, 400th anniversary of the discovery of America, there was unveiled before the cathedral a magnificent statue of Christopher Columbus by the noted sculptor Alois Buyens:" At the close of World War I, a Te Deum was sung at the cathedral; and, at a- solemn high Mass unique in American church' history, King Albert of Belgium, Queen Louise and Cardinal Mercier joined with Cardinal O'Con~ nell in expressing their gratitude to the Catholics of America for their generous aid to their war· ravaged people. Great anniversaries were observed with proper ceremony in
the great cathedral: the 1600th anniversary of St. John Lateran (1924); the signing of the Lateran Pact (1929); t.he 500th anniversary of the conversion of Lithuania (1930);. and the 800th anniversary of Portuguese independence (1940). It resounded with triumph on December 8" i958, at a solemn pontifical Mass marking the sesquicentennial of the Archdiocese of Boston; and again in Ap,ril, 1975, when Cardinal Medeiros was principal celebrant of a spectacular liturgy commemorating the centennial of the archdiocese and of the cathedral. It has also been the scene of
mourning, notably in 1944 and 1970, at the funerals of Cardinal O'Connell and Cardinal Cushing. Cardinal Cushing's funeral came only a month after he bade his people a touching farewell at the installation of his successor, A:rchbishop - soon to be Cardinal - Medeiros. On January 19, 1964, the Cathedral was the scene of a unique religious and civic memorial, honoring the memory of John F. Kennedy. Cardinal Cushing celebrated the Pontifical Mass and Eric Leinsdorf conducted the Boston Symphony Orchestra in Mozart's "Requiem in D Minor."
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Oct. 4, 197923
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. Fall River, Massachusetts extends a most hearty "Welcome" to O.ur Holy Father John Paul II as he visits the United States in this jubilee year honoring the 900th anniversary of the martyrdom of St. Stanislaus, Bishop of Krakow 1079 ·1979 Peace, Happiness and All Blessings to You,. Holy Father!
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Continued from Page Seven about the fundamental meaning of their lives. The fact of asking the questions "tells the world that you, young people, carry within yourselves a special openness with regard to what is good and true. This openness is, in a sense, a 'revelation' of the human spirit," he said. "And in this openness to truth, to goodness and to beauty, each one of you can find yourself," he added. ,The pope issued a call to young people: "Heed the call of Christ when you hear him say to you: "Follow me!" Walk in my path! Stand by my side! Remain in my love!" The pope further challenged the young. "Do I make a mistake when I tell you, Catholic youth, that it is part of your task in the world and the church to reveal the true meaning of life where hatred, neglect or selfishness threaten to take over the world?" he said. The pope warned that "many people will try to escape from their responsibility: escape in selfishness, escape in sexual pleasure, escape in drugs, escape in violence, in indifference .and cynical attitudes." Instead, he proposed "the option of love, which is the opposite . of escape." Young people were urged to find meaning in loving service to God and to other people, especially the-
needy, the poor, the lonely, the oppressed and the abandoned. "Real love is demanding," the pope warned. "It means discipline and sacrifice, but it also means joy and human fulfillment," he said. "Do not be afraid of honest effort and .honest work; do not be afraid of the truth." The end of the Common Mass brought no abatement in the rain, but the spirits of the crowds picking their way through puddles to waiting
THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
Day of Days buses, most parked away, remained Songs filled the air traded impressions
many blocks unquenched. and pilgrims of the day.
For those from the Fall River diocese it had begun early in the morning as they boarded Boston buses. They had staked out their viewing places on the Common and for the most part had remained there throughout the daily, despite intermittent rain and the final deluge.
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"It reminded me of the gospel
As the crowds made their way home, Pop!.! John Paul was doing the same thing, as another motorcade moved through the rain towards the residence of Cardinal Humberto Medeiros.
pilgrim from St. Stanislaus parish, Fall River. "Everyone was' helping one another - and if a young Boston student hadn't shared his umbrella with me, I don't know if I'd have made it through the Mass."
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simple life. Bishop Dingman wants Oct. 4 in Des Moines to be an uncluttered feast befitting rural style and values. It won't be a hawker's paradise. "When the pope looks out over the crowd at Living History Farms he won't see a single stand selling gadgets." He also wants people to have "more than a memory" from the 'pope's visit. He wants preparatibn to include more than plans for getting to Des Moines and buying new hiking socks and film. One of the bishop's staff people says 'Prayer is the success of this visit." I think that means that the visit will be a success if it gets people to focus their lives on God's' call. If people make an effort to pull themselves together for some concentration on the call to holiness, and make a trip to Des Moines a pilgrimage to the center of things, then the papal visit will have the kind of impact the bishop wants. When the pope visits the little country church of St. Patrick's at Irish Settlement, he will share a picnic of i,ce cream and cake with the 50 parish families. under the trees on the church lawn. Wouldn't you like to be there? So would I.
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rick's, then went to Madison Square Garden for a 40-minute is here," the cardinal had said meeting with 20,000 high school students and to .Battery Park earlier. "I am his guest." But before entering the resi- for a major address on political dence, the pope greeted the and religious freedom. He left New York yesterday crowds once more. Many had beeh waiting at that vantage afternoon for Philadelphia, where point for four hours or more, he celebrated Mass at Logan and they were rewarded not Circle and visited - St. Charles only with waves but with Seminary in Overbrook. This morning he celebrated . thrown kisses froin the pontiff. Then it was inside for a late Mass at the Philadelphia Civic dinner with the cardinal, the Center. Present were representaauxiliary bishops of Boston, tives of each American diocese, Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic representatives of the Conferdelegate in the United States, ence of Religious Superiors of and several in the papal party. Men and 2000 seminarians. This afternoon he is in Des After that, like those of the estimated two million that 'Moines Iowa for a Mass at Livcrowded Boston on Monday, the ing History Farms. From Iowa papal head htt the papal pillow. he will go to Chicago, where he But whereas for the two milo. has a full schedule of Masses lion it was back to business as and meetings until Saturday usual on Tuesday, fo~ Pope Jo'hn morning,' when he departs for Paul it was the day he regarded Washington. as the real reason for his AmThere he will meet with Presierican pilgrimage. He addressed d.ent Carter and other governthe United Nations at noon, as ment officials, and on Sunday well as meeting with various will climax his whirlwind week other groups at the UN building. with meetings with religious A motorcade to. St. Patrick's women, educators, theologians Cathedral, then to Yankee Sta- and ecumenical representatives. dium for an outdoor Mass folAt 3 p.m. Sunday he will celelowed. brate his last Mass on American Yesterday the pontiff met with soil at the National Mall and priests and religious at St. Pat- will then depart for Rome. "It is the pope's home while he
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In addition to persons from the Fall River diocese already mentioned as participants' in activities surrounding the papal visit are the following: - David Landry, St. George' parish, Westport, and Steyen Winters, Our Lady of Victory. Centerville, seminarian members of the papal choir at the Boston Common Mass; - James Fitzpatrick, Immaculate Conception, Taunton, mitre bearer for the Boston Mass; , - James Ferry, St. Dominic,' Swansea, acolyte for the Boston Mass; - Albert L. Gallant, St. Mark, Attleboro -Falls, member of an ecumenical commission attending the papal Mass as representatives of various faiths; - Father John F. Moore and Father Edmond Rego, providing Channel Six television commentary in English and Portuguese for the pope's stay in Boston; - Father Barry Wall, providing commentary for radio station WSAR, Fall River; - Father Timothy Goldrick, president of the Fall River Priests' Council, represented the Fall River diocese at this morning's Mass in Philadelphia.
THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
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Sidelights Boston was youth day on the papal schedule and young people were CeJ1ainly in evidence, with joggers putting their expertise into practice as they kept com· fortably up with the. "popemobile," slipping in and out of crowds and taking shortcuts through soggy parklands.. "It's like the Boston Marathon," said one spectator.
Channel Six. So now we know - clap if you like the sermon. 'l;
Americans are used to Air Force One, the presidential plane. Now it's Shepherd One, the TWA plane being used this week by Pope John Paul. Following it closely are.two other planes, bearing journalists and members of the papal party. You guessed it. They're Shepherds Two and Three.
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Most Fall River diocesan pilgrims got their glimpse of Pope John Paul II on Monday, but Father Peter N. Graziano, diocesan director of social services, will have an early-bird view of him tomorrow. In Chicago to attend a conference of the Campaign for Human Development, Father Graziano will be with delegates meeting the pontiff at 7:15 tomorrow morning, immediately before the Holy Father is scheduled to celebrate an outdoor Mass in Polish.
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Taking their cue from Pope John Paul's comfortable inform* * -,ality, many bishops waved their Forget about buses and traf· mitres in salute to the Boston . fic jams, said members of St. Common throngs as they took Mary's of the Assumption partheir places for the papal Mass. ish in Hull, who chartered an "Can you imagine that 20 years e:!i:cursion boat to take them to ago!" marveled one pilgrim. Boston for the papal Mass. Docking at Bowes Wharf, they ::: HUNTINGTON, Ind. (NC) The New England rain got to strolled to the Common, return- A new book on Pope John Paul ~~~~~ everyone, from the. nun who ing to their vessel for the voyII and a sound recording of his vainly tried to keep her head· age back home, probably the visit to the United States narleast frayed and hassled among ~ dress dry with a Kentucky rated by actress Helen Hayes Fried Chicken bag to Pope' John all of Monday's pilgrims. WELCOMES are scheduled for, publication :1: * * Paul himself, who had to be Nov. 1 by Our Sunday Visitor, Then there's Sister' Mary protected with a hastily' grabMcNALL y Pope John P'au I II Inc. ' bed green umbrella when the Martin of Dubuque, Iowa, who sailcloth canopy covering Bos. wanted to take the 40 sisters in "Pilgrim Pope: A Man for All ConstructionCo./nc. To The ton's $150,000 altar sprang a her community to Des Moines /People" by Redemptorist Father today to see the pope. No more Francis X. Murphy records the leak.. buses, said everyone she con- pilgrimages of the pope throughA touching moment came dur- tacted. She mentioned 'the prob. out Italy, to Mexico and Poland, SOM·ERSET. MASS. LIBERTY ~ ing the Prayer of the Faithful at lem to her banker, a Presbyter- and will include the coming one the Common Mass when prayers ian elder, who immediately ar- tq Ireland and the United States. were asked for Darryl Williams, ranged for the sisters to use his The book· will be illustrated the young Jamaica Plains High church bus, complete with two with 120 photographs, many in School football player paralyzed drivers. Ecumenism has gained color. Father Murphy, a former last week in a shooting appar- 41 firm supporters. professor at St. Alphonsus r.-.o--u--~U-o.-o.-.u.-.U-o.-.l.-.u-.I_"-"~U'-'C'-I~~.-.c.-.., :10 >I< :) ently racially inspired. Academy in Rome, is the rector "He shall have music where- of Holy Redeemer College in ever be goes" might well have Washington. ' " ' " ' " I . Discussing the applause that been the theme for the papal frequently interrupted Pope John travels in Boston. The senior A special news team of the Paul's Boston Common homily. champion band of St.. Ann's, weekly Our Sunday Visitor will Father Edward McGovern com- Neponset, was on hand for his accompany the pope throughout I 364 SOUTH MAIN STREET :i I mented rather wistfully, "May- reception Monday at Logan Air- his U.S. visit to record both his : FALL RIVER, MASS. i be people will get into the habit port, while the Boston Univer· addresses and his extemporanTEL. 672-7128 of clapping a good sermon. It sity Brass Ensemble played out· eous remarks, even the occaswould do' wonders for the side the university chapel as the ional lapses into song for which preacherl" Father McGovern, papal motorcade passed en route he is famous. from Providence, shared Mon-· from Boston Common to Car· The highlights will be released day commenting chores with dinal Medeiros' residence. And as a 50-minute stereo LP. record Father John F. Moore and at the residence the Boston Col· . or cassette album narrated by Father Edmond Rego of the Fall lege band was on hand for a Helen Hayes, together witq a River diocese for television serenade. color-illustrated booklet. j-II_"_'I.-II.-II_II_'I_'I_II_I._II_II_II_II_CI_,I_"_II_11_'_11_"_1,.I
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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Oct. 4, 1979
Continued from Page Three in the path of the Gospel that he left you as a great heritage," The first papal Mass in ~reland was celebrated shortly afterwards at Dublin's 'Phoenix Park before about 1.2 million people, .the largest gathering ever re, Tel. (617) 888-0207 corded in Ireland. W~Join With The Parish COn:'lmunity The Irish clapped, cheered and sang parts of the Mass in Gaelic, Of Corpus Christi, Sandwich English and Latin. In Expressing Our Great Happiness "As I stand' here in the c6mpany of so many hundreds of and Joy In The Visit Of Our thousands of Irish men and HOLY FATHER women," the pope said in his 45minute homily, "I am thinking of To rhis Great Country. how many times, across how many centuries, the Eucharist has been celebrated in this ra======================1·.land," The pope also' had words of warning for the Irish. Ireland "is not immune from the influence of ideologies ~and trends which present-day civilization and progress carry with them," he AND AUXILIARY said. The solution is to "steep our-· Commander ~ Paul Lehman selves in the. truth that comes Aux. Pres. - Anna Krauzyk from Christ," especially in he Eucharist, he said. The pope then took a short helicopter ride to Drogheda near the border with strife-torn Northern Ireland and issued a dramatic appeal for an end to the violence there. For the pope's maior message on the chief political issue troubling Ireland and Northern Ireland for over 10 years, he chose a hillside field in the southern Irish portion of the Archdiocese '
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Welcome To The Pilgrim of Peace Pope John Paul II We, at Doane, Beal & Ames Wish To Tcike This Opportunity To Express Our . Gratification and Happiness To His Holiness Pope John Paul II, On The Occasion of His Visit To Our Great State HYANNIS
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A caravan of some 600 buses from Northern Ireland, carrying ari average of more than 50 people e'ach, as well as many private cars, crossed the border t9 see the pope. ",I proclaim with the conviction of my faith in Christ and with an awareness of my mission that violence is evil, that violence is unacceptable as a solution to problems, that violence is unworthy of man," he told the quarter of a million people in the hillside crowd. Pope John ·Paul said the "tragic" decade-long fighting and terrorism .in Northern Ireland "do not have their source in the fact of belonging to different churches and different confessions; that, this is not despite what is so often repeated before world opinion - a religious war, a struggle between Catholics and Protestants. "May no Irish Protestant think that the pope is an enemy, a danger or a threat. My desire is that instead Protestants would see in me a friend and a brother in Christ," he said. The pontiff spoke during a liturgy of the Word service. He then returned to Dublin for a series of ...meetings. ,.,. Ireland "has special and' urgent need for the united service of Christians," Pope John Paul said at an evening ecumenical meeting with leaders of othe~ Christian churches in Ireland. A challenge for Catholic Ireland to be an example to the rest of Europe ran through the papal talks Sept. 29 to the president of the country, its government' officials and the Irish diplomatic corps. * The pope's major address on Sept. 30 was at Knock at the country's chief Marian shrine honoring Our Lady of Knock. There, the pope dedi~ated the Irish nation to Mary during a . Mass before more than 400,000 people. :He particularly asked Mary to "cure and heal" the civil strife in Northern Ireland. "In a very special way we entrust to you this great wound now afflicting our people, hoping that your hands will be able to cure and heal it," he said. He called the shrine "the goal of my journey to 'Ireland,"
It was to celebrate the centenary of church-recognized visions of Mary by 15 Knock parishioners that Pope John Paul decided to visit Ireland.
Before the Mass the pope visited with about 12,000 sick and handicapped in the basilica and blessed them. Dusk had fallen by the time the ceremonies were over, and the pope circled through the' crowd in an open blue truck. As he was heading back toward the helicopter pad to return to Dublin, the whole crowd began singing, "He's got the Whole World in His Hands." Earlier in the day, the pope had met with 250,000 young people at the Ballybrit Race'course near Galway. Beatles' songs and chants of "We want .the pope" resounded through the morning mist as Pope John Paul arrived. . The young people saw at the' offertory procession a striking example of the violence between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. Thirteen-yearold Damien Irwin-walking with the aid of ari artificial- leg after losing his own to a 1977 Belfast bomb blast presented the chalice to Pope Johl). Paul. The pope began his last day in Island, Oct. 1, with a trip to St. Patrick's Seminary in Maynooth and called on Ireland's priests and Religious to be "signs of God" in the modern secular cities and also to be faithful to their religious commitment. The pope then went to limerick for his final open air Mass. About 400,000 people gathered at the Limerick race course and heard the pope urge Catholics to resist growing pressure for the church' to liberalize its stallds on abortion and divorce. The Mass provided an affectionate farewell for the pope who ended his sermon in Gaelic, saying "God bless you and keep you forever," This brought thunderous applause.,
Refugee .Aid WA:SHINGTON (NC) - The House has approved ,$207.3 million in additional funds to help resettle Indochinese refugees and banned indirect U.S. aid to Vietnam and a large group of'other countries. U.S. church groups,' including the U.S. Catholic Conference, have supported the refugee assistance funds, but have opposed aid restrictions and budget cuts made in the Hous~.
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OUR BELOVED ~NTIFF
John Paul II
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of Armagh, primatial See of the entire Irish island. Archdiocesan boundaries cross the borders of Ireland and Northern Ireland with the See city of Armagh in Northern Ireland.
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Our Warmest Welcome To ,
POPE -JOH N PAU LII . As He Visits -
Our Country In :The Spirit of Brotherhood .
.. And Peace .
Mayor and Mrs. Carlton-M. Viveiros 路 and Family
Diocesan Facilities Office Diocese of Fall River, 368 North Main Street Fall River, Massachusetts 02720
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PROVIDING SKILLED NURSING <:ARE FOR THE AGED·AND INFlRNI OF THE DIOCESE ~-
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