Page 1

Life of Virtue Goal of Instruction The following is the text of the letter of Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of Fall River, regarding Catechetical Sunday, Sept. 19: Dearly beloved in Christ,

In the second Reading of Sunday's Mass, Saint Paul proclaims:' "This truth 'Y'as attested at the fitting time. I have been made its herald and apostle-believe me, I am not lying but speak' the

The ANCHOR A.n Anchor of the Soul, Sure and Firm-St. Paul

Fall River, Mass., Thursday, Sept. 16, 1971

· Vol. 15, No. 37

© 1971 The Anchor

PRICE 10¢ $4.00 per year

~"'oly Father Revises ~;"

onfirmation Rite

VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope aul VI has revised the rite of nfrimation, trying to make it more significant by linking it roser to Baptism and Communion. '. ,'The new rite, released in its Latin, text on Sept. 14 is to be translated by local bishops' conferE!nces and confirmed by the Vatican. Its use will be mandatOlYas of Jan. I, 1973. '\

Major changes from the old rite include the laying on of hands by the confirming bishop on each candidate as a separate ritual from the anointing with chrism and a change in the prayer accompanying the conferral of the sacrament. The old prayer was: "I sign you with the sign of the cross and confirm you with the chrism Turn to Page Seventeen


Statewide Conference ,


Most' Reverend Humberto S. Medeiros, Archbishop .of Boston has announced the appointment of Mr. Joseph J. Reilly, a resident of Andover, as the first executive director 'of the Massachusetts Catholic Conference. The Conference was established in October 1969 by the Bishops of the dioceses of Massachusetts to provide an agency for corporate Catholic service to the statewide community.. The chairman of the Board of Governors is Archbishop Medeiros. Other members of the Board are Bishop Daniel A. Cronin of Fall River; Bishop Bernard J. Flanagan of Worcester and Bishop Christopher J. Weldon of Springfield. The Rev. Msgr. Leo J. Battista, M.S.W., of Worcester has been named Chairman of the Board of Directors: Rev. James F. Kenney, Secretary of the Diocesan Office for Administration and Finance for the· Diocese of Fall River, is the Vice-chairman. The episcopal moderator to the Conference is Most Reverend Timothy J. Harrington, D.D., M.S.W.; auxiliary' bishop of Worcester. Representatives of the Diocese on the Board. of 'Directors, besides Bishop CroQin and Father Kenney, are '~ev. John J. Regan, assistant pastor at St. Patrick Parish, Falmouth; Atty. Frederic

J. Torphy of Fall River/and Very Reverend Thomas J. Harrington, chancellor of the Fall River Diocese. Technical advisors to the Turn to Page Seventeen

truth,-the teacher of the nations in the true faith." The truth that Saint Paul proclaims is that Jesus is the Savior who brought salvation to the world. It is only fitting that I, as, your Shepherd whose first responsibility is to bring the message of Christ to the whole Church in the 'Diocese of Fall River, emphasize this point. For Sunday we observe Catechetical Sunday. It is an occasion to underscore the work of thousands of dedicated teachers who will continue throughout this school year to bring the message of Christ to countless num- . bers in our Diocese. Teachers should be mindful of the serious nature of their endeavors. We encourage them and thank them for, like Saint Paul, they are truly teachers in the faith. To address ourselves only to teachers, be they clerical, religi-

Be Faithful To Doctrine

ous or lay, w'ould be incomplete. It is to those of you who are parents that the primary task of

instruction in the faith is entrusted. We turn to parents, by whose very vocation arises the responsibility to teach children from the most tender ages the truths of Christ and His Church, and encourage them to participate in programs of education and formation, particularly those programs associated with baptism, first penance, first Holy Communion and confirmation.

Future generations of Catholic faithful must come forward well versed in the truths of our faith and firmly committed to a life of virtue. I welcome boys and girls, young men and women, to the parochial and regional programs of instruction and formation. Please be faithful and perservering, for the consequences in your lives, both here and in eternity, are so very crucial. Finally, the whole community of the faithful must recall that the message of Christ 'comes to us through the Church. All must be constantly aware of the mar· velous opportunities to assist in parochial and diocesan programs, to teac!l, to provide good example and to pray. Asking the cooperation of all in the work of religious ~uca­ tion so that all of us, united in the true faith, may propagate the knowledge, love and service of Almighty God, I remain Devotedly yours in Christ, ~DANIEL

A. CRONIN Bishop of Fall River

-B IS h0 p,Ur9e 5 Pr I e 5 ts

ST. PAUL (NC) Society e should not water 'down Christian. doctrine when trying to solve. man's contemporary problems, Archbishop Luigi Raimondi, apostolic delegate in the United States, said here at the episcopal Following diocesan tradition, ordination of two auxiliary bishHis Excellency, Most Reverend ops for the St. Paul-Minneapolis Daniel A. Cronin, addressed the archdiocese. more than 70 priests of the Dio"Some have, tried to rational- cesewho were able to make ize the, faith; others have at- their annual retreat together at tempted to reduce the doctrine Cathedral Camp in East Freeof grace to the level of human town. feelings and experience," said The Bishop's address follows: the apostolic delegate at cere- My brother priests, monies in which Msgrs. John R. The annual retreat of the 'Roach and Raymond A. Lucker priests of the Diocese of Fall were elevated to the episcopacy. River is a deeply spiritual event Archbishop Raimondi said that in the life of the individual although some people question priest. This is so because it is the meaningfulness and validity the period in which the priest of Christ's doctrine in relation in a very intense manner reflects to life's concrete problems-such on the meaning of his priesthood as poverty, disease, war-priests and strengthens himself in his and bishops can deliver the gifts resolve to grow ever more arof God only if they are faithful dent in the love of Christ. Then, consumed himself with Turn to Page Two


Be F,orce the charity of Christ, he may also ignite the flame of love of the master in the hearts of those committed to his care. He convinces himself that Jesus alone is "the Way, the Truth 'and the Life" (In. 14:6) and firmly grounded in that faith, he wishes to give the good news to others. Hence,' the retreat is, without doubt, an event of grave spiritual import in the life of each priest. However, the retreat made tog!i!ther by a significant number of the priests of the Diocese gives further meaning and indeed adds another important dimension. It is most important always to build community. The priests, above all, as faith leaders must constantly be seeking to build community among the People of God but particularly among those who are committed to their immediate care. In, therefore, the fostering of community that is so important in the pastoral endeavors of the Tum to Page Three

Bishop Cronin At No. Easton

FIRST MASS IN NEW CHURCH: On Saturday afternoon, Rev. John F. Hogan, pastor, offered the first Mass in the new. St. Julie's Church .on Slocum Rd., No. Dartmouth. The blessing and dedication of the new edifice will take place at 4 o'clock on Monday afternoon, Oct. 11 with Bishop Cronin officiating.

The third celebration of the Centennial program for the Immaculate ~onception parish, in North Easton will take place on Sunday, September 19. The committee for the affair, led by l~ather Joseph O'Donnell, pastor, and Father Owen E. Smith, assistant, has planned a Mass at 5 P.M. concelebrated by Bishop Cronin and the priests who have served in the parish. Following the Mass, the parishioners will have an opportunity to greet Bishop Cronin and the participating clergy. The previous Centennial cele· brations have included Mission Incredible, conducted by Father Vincent Dwyer in January, and a Civic Celebration held in April.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept: 16-, ~19ir


Revise Rite of Confirmation


First Semester of Stonehill's Academic Y'ear Ends Dec. 21, Operating under its -new president, Very Rev. Ernest Bartell, C.S.C., and a new calendar which will see the entire first semester of this academic year completed by Dec. 21, Stonehill College has enrolled its largest freshman class of 470 men and women with average high school senior _class standing in the up_per quarter.

schools are better educated and better prepared for college as a result of high school honors programs and other acccelerated. learning projects. Accordingly, . Stonehill freshmen are given considerably greater leeway, within the scope of the liberal arts tradition, in tailoring their freshman courses to their interests. ',

,Continued from Page One is generally administered at the of salvation. In the name of the ,same time a child makes his Father and of the Son and of . First Communion, somewhere about the age of seven: In other the Holy Spirit." ,areas, Confirmation has been adIn the new ritual the bishop ministered at the time of Bapwill say: "Accept the sign of the tism. gift of the Holy Spirit," a prayer -Msgr. Martimort noted that in that has long been used in the cases of adult Baptism the newly Eastern-rite church. bapt,ized can be permitted to re, In a letter explaining the ceive Confirmation' and First changes, Pope Paul said: "AI·· Communion at the same time. though the laying of hands on In explaining the changes in the candidates, which is done with the prescribed prayer before , the, old rite, Pope Paul likened the anointing, does not belong the relation of Baptism, ·Confirto the essence of the sacramental mation and Communion to -the rite, it is nevertheless to be held natural' life processes of birth, in high esteem, in that it contrib· development and nourishment. utes to the full' perfe'ction of "The faithful are born 'al1ew the same rite and to a clearer by Baptism, strengthened by the understan~ing of the sacrament." sacrament of Confirmation, and finally are sustained by the food The "Pope's letter on Confirmaof eternal life in the Eucharist," tiorl reform took the form of an apostoli'c. constitution entitled he said. "Divimie Consortium." It was Msgr. Martimort said that the dated Aug. 15, 1971, .but was new prayer directly expr~sses not publ'ished' by the Vatican what the sacrament of Confirma-, until Sept. 13. tion means "more satisfactorily Explaining the change in the than the older prayer."

Students of all classes at the four-year, coeducational college reported for registration, domiciling and first classes prior to Labor Day, with all parts of the college in full function immediThe Vincentians of the Fall ARCHBISHOP MEDEIROS ately following the long holiday River _. Diocese will celebrate weekend; in keeping with a 5-to- Ozanam Sunday Sept. 26 at 1 student -vote last Spring to Stonehill' College. ,Frederic Ozaexperiment with the new cillen- nam, the founder of the Society dar which eliminates the tradi- of St. Vincent de Paul, has been tional, '1ame duck," short,_ , held in reverence by Vincentia'ns Betwee'n three andl four thoupost-Christmas session prior to since the start of the Society in -sand people are expected to join se~ester final examinations. 1833, and ,now' the first steps Most Rev. Humberto! S. MedeiContrary to national trends of have been taken that may lead ros, D.O., Archbisho~ of Boston during a· prayer serviGe tQis Sunfalling - enrollments in ,private to his beatification. day (Sept. 19) at La Salette, formal, prayer, Pope Paul said: institutions, particulai'ly in the It is .for the purpose of proThe imposition of hands, he observsmaller colleges, Stonehill;s rec- moting the. cause of Ozanam which will be the m~in I , added, "although not an element , "We have indeed examined ord freshman class results from that the members of the \Society -ance of the, 125th : 1nni~ersary strictly required for the validity with due c6nsideration the digof Our Lady of La Stlette. the largest number of applica- will meet at 2 o'clock on Sunday Mary appeared to ,two children nity of the venerable formula in of the sacrament ... adds to the tions and acceptances in the afternoon at Stonehill. on the Mountain of ILa Salette use in the Latin Church. But we perfecting of the sign and to the history of the college, indicating A panel discus~ion on the life on Sept. 19, 1846, exactly 125 judge preferable the very an- greater understanding of it." that there are still large numbers and works of Frederic Ozanam years ago this Sundky. in her cient formula belonging to the l)nder the new ritual, he exof students seeking the small, independent college atmosphere will be followed by a di~cussion message, she called I upon the' Eastern rite, whereby the gift plained, the sacrament of Conas an alternate to mass public of what further steps may be people of the world to return to of the Holy Spirit Himself is ex- firmation should be al!ministertaken here in the Fall River .Dio- the Christian way of life. pressed and _the outpouring of ed within the framework of a education. cese to further the cause of this A 150-voice choir ~nd orches- the spirit which took place on Mass. At the beginning, he said, servant of God. The panelists tra, directed by C. I Alexander the day of Pentecost is recalled Vote for Academic Calendar there will be a recalling of bap-' will be: Peloquin, will launch the pro" tismal promises and the reciting The student action in voting Robert McGuirk, St. Joseph's gram at 3:30 P.M. with a sacred for the new academic calendar At a news clmference Sept. 13, of the profession of faith. The, Church, North Dighton; Thomas concert of modern knd traditypifier;; the high degree of stuthe day before the new ritual bishop will preach on the meandent participation . decision- Cahill, ~S. ~eter and Paul tional liturgical musit. Forming' was released; Msgr. Aime Geor- ing of the 'sacrament, and Commaking at Stonehill relating to Church, Fall River; Edward Ken- the choir will be' th~ Peloquin ges Martimort, a consultor for munion is -to be' received by the all matters which immediately nedy, St. Joseph's Church, Taun- Chorale and the Catholic and the Congregation for Divine Wor- newly confirmed. affect student academic life and ton, President of the Central Protestant choirs Of" the Attle- ship, said that the age for the Council, will be the moder.ator. boros. ' He said that in special cases, environment. conferral of Confirmation will be as in the past, priests may be The concert and pra~er service Mass will be offered at 4 Incoming freshman have enwill be held in La Saiette's out- left up to the decision of local permitted to assist at or confer rolled, under Stonehill's newly- o'clock and a dinner at 5 will door chapel which' Ifronts La bishops' conferences. Confirmation. Priests might. asdesigned freshman curriculum conclude the program. The Salette'~ shrine depicting the sist the bishop with the laying offering will be $5.00 per' of the English-speakIn most which takes into account that apparition in France. tIn case of ing world, Confirmation is usual- on of hands when the number of the higher-achievement students person. rain, both will be 'hbld at St. candidates is quite .large~.and now graduating from high All Vincentians are invited John's Church, 155 North Main \ ly received in the early teens, but practices differ widely else- priests in mission areas-or areas and may bring their wives if Street, Attleboro. , iI where. In Europe, Confirmation where special situations make it they wish. Presidents _of ParticArchbishop Medeiros will dedifficult for bishops to officiate, Necrology ular Councils are in charge, of liver the homily dtiring' the -can be delegated to confer the reservations. SEPT. 17 service. .' I sacrament. During the service, a song Rev. Thomas F. McNulty, 1954, composed by Mr. Pelbquin and Pastor, St. Kilian, New Bedford, Rev. Andre A. Patenaude, M.S., The' Greater' New Bedford Continued from Page One Shrine Music Directot, will be SEPT. 18 Funeral Home to the genuine nature of their presented for the- first! time. En- Choral Society opened its eighth R~v. Luke Golla, SS.CC., 1945, call. No one can replace the pow- titled "Come Nearer'f' it is a season on Tuesday, September 571 Second Street Semmary of Sacred Heart, Ware- er of the sacraments with human musical interpretation of the 14 at 8 o'clock P.M. at the Uni-' Fall River, Mass. ham. resources, he added. message Mary' gave' ~uring the tarian Church, Union and Eighth 679-6072 . Streets in New Bedford. Rt Rev. . Edmund Ward, ThroughoJ-lt Church history, apparition. Father Patenaude ~ Interested music lovers who MICHAEL J. McMAHON 1964, Pastor Emeritus,_ St. Patwho wrote the words') will sin~ the apostolic delegate said, there Registered Embalmer enjoy music-making are cordially rick's, Fall River. 'j have been atte'mpts to reduce it. licensed Funeral Director invited to join this group. Each Rev. Armand Proulx, M.S., Christianity to human propor. SEPT. 19 voice contributes to the finished tions. Today's age, he noted, is Provincial Superior;! will en- concert that is produced and con· throne the Bible during the Rev. Henry E. S. Henniss,1859, no exception. prayer service. Rev. P~ul J. Dal- ducted by the talented director Pastor, St. Mary, New Bedford. "A process of desacralization, bec, M.S., Assistant Secretary' Dr. Richard Marshall. Those wh~ SEPT. 20 of demythologization; ,of human- General of the Missionaries of do not sing can contribute in . Inc. Our Lady of La Salette, will of- other wCJYs. Rev. Simon A. O'Rourke,1918, ization i~ being made," he said. The weekly two hour stint is Funeral .Service , Chaplain, United States Navy. "It is the process that has fer the invocation. a bit of fun and a bit' of gratifyRev. Robert C. Ryder, ExecuEdward' F. Carney '\ Rev. Orner Valois, 1958, Pas- caused the crisis of identity in tive' Secreta~y of the [Attleboro ing work.· The Chorale aims to 549 County Street to substimany who would like tor, Sacred Heart, New Bedford. New Bedford 999-6222 tute sociological'activity for the' Area Councd of Chur~hes, will provide enjoyment and to add to SEPT. 21 sacral and sacramental elements offer the First Readingr2 Corin- the enrichment of the culture of' Serving the area since 1921 thians 5:16-20. Rev. Normand L. the greater New Bedford Area. Rev. George Pager; 1882, of their ministry, under the Vaillancourt, _!_---------~ Superibr and' Founder, Sacred 'Heart, New guise of being more meaningful Shrine Director will ptesent the to their contemporaries." Bedford. , Second Reading- Johrl i9:25-27. He said that the, one contriRev. George Jowdy,' 1938, PasD. D. Wilfred C. The Ecumenical Cnolr and the tor, Our Lady of Purgatory, New bution priests and bishops can congregation will participate in Funeral. Home Sullivan Driscoll Bedford. . provide humanity is the super- the music during the service. 550 Locust Street natural element characteristic of At the recessional for the serFall River, Mass. 'Christianity. "We are ministers vice, Geraldine Chamberlain of THE ANCHOR 206 WINTIER STREET 'of grace and servants of the 672-2391 the Boston Ballet' will present Second Class PoslaRe Paid at Fall River' M.ass,. Published every Thursday at 4Hi gospel not for our own sake a' liturgical dance while Ithe choir FALL RIVER r MASS. H,ghland Avenue. Fall River. Mass. 02722 Rose E. Sullivan by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall but for the service of our broth~ and congregation sing "Christ 672-3381 JeffreyE. Sullivan River. Subscription price lIy mall, postpaid ers," he said. The Light of the Nations." ".00 per nar. .

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q THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 16, 1971



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Bishop. Urges Priests Be Spiritual Force Continued from Page One priest, how urgent must be that ~ the priests of the Diocese build -.. community among themselves ,~'.. first. So this aspect of the re.'!,. :..treat has also been an important ...",,' spiritual event. ~ j-"". We fully understand, all of ~:.: us do, that in the spiritual life, f \.' for its' care, its fostering, its . . . strengthening, options are envisioned. It is at times almost necessary that a priest make 'what has come to be known as a'. private retreat. It is also true · that various aspects of different modes. of spiritual exercises can be attractive. · Conc~iebration Sign of Oneness Bu~, When it is possible, and the individual finds it helpful, · the annual retreat of priests · together-priests who are committed to the pastoral care of souls in a given diocese-seems to afford a particularly efficacious manner of fostering community, strengthening the bonds of brotherly love and encouraging each other in the total commitment to the priestly ministry' which is ours. c:C Where is this more evident that when at the banquet table of the Eucharist, brothers nourish their spiritual lives on the food of heaven together. Where is this more obvious than at the altar of sacrifice when priests manifest their unity, the oneness of their priesthood by concelebrating Mass. Throughout the retreat this is a daily experience. Furthermore, besides the spiritual strength that comes from quiet meditation and silent reflection on the priestly life and ministry and on the truths of our faith, there is also the brotherly encouragement and solidarity that result from daily conversation and dialogue. Priests encourage one another. They counsel one another sometimes in a formal manner; sometimes informally. Sometimes they help their brother priests during a retreat by their frater. r'lal wp,rds of adyi~~; at ti~es by. ·1

just listening. Sometimes just the joyful laugh, the witty remark, the peaceful smile, the bright face can be· worth treasures of advice and encouragement given otherwise with the turned phrase of the contrived motto. Priests frequently just want to know that their brother priests share their hopes, their ideals, their problems and concerns. Significance of Bishop's Presence Now, a retreat together has all this meaning for priests. It takes on added significance, however, when the bishop is present - participating in the exercises and offering Mass together with his brother priests. Somehow the unity of the priesthood becomes more evident, and the brotherhood and fellowship of bishops and priests become more graph.ic. The spiritual life which the priest is trying to develop in himself for the sake of his soul and the souls of others is uppermost on the list of priorities if the priest is to be effective. Likewise, and let this not escape the attention of my brother priests, it is equally important jf not more so that the bishop, however fragile his human nature with all its defects have left him, develop in himself a strong spiritual life-a life of firm and solid faith in Jesus the Son of God, Jesus the Lord, the Way, the Truth and the Life. In a word, this means a life of intense love of Our Blessed Lord and his priesthood, a life of consuming charity for his fellow man, particularly his brother prie·sts. The bishop also comes on retreat to grow, to learn, to promise, to renew himself, to try to revitalize the spiritual life in him so that his episcopal ministry can be all the more effective. He does this together with his brother priests. And so the encouragement, the spiritual refreshment, the evidence of faith and manly .love of God and the Church,



which are a source of deep comfort to all the priests on retreat, are likewise a tremendous spiritual tonic and an uplifting consolation to the bishop. Continues Tradition This . great .spiritual event, therefore, should not pass without a special word of the bishop to his priests. The occasion, memorable as it is in itself, would justify, indeed demands a special message. But in this Diocese the tradition is longstanding - dating', back - to the days of Bishop Feehan-that the bishop give the closing remarks of the retreat. It falls to me this year because in the Providence of God the responsibility of the episcopacy in this Diocese rests with me. The occasion, therefore, for me to address you I accept willingly and because these remarks are the expression of thoughts which the .bishop wants to convey to his priests, I feel I am addressing not just you who are gathered here, but, through you, all the priests of the Diocese of Fall River. Not every priest can be here today-parochial duties, lack of adequate space available, or previously completed retreats or retreats to be made in 'other circumstances make this impossible, but these words I do direct to all my brother priests of the Diocese on this occasion which is so favored by grace. Another reason why I wish to speak these words is the fact that we are so little removed from the day at the end of this month when in Rome the Holy Father will convoke the Synod. This Synod will have the ministerial priesthood as one. of the chief topics for discussion and it behooves us, those of us who have so much love for the priesthood, to remember this important coming event so that we can commemorate it daily in our prayers. May the Holy Spirit guide the Holy Father and the bishops of

the Synod to proper discussion and fruitful conclusions on the important topics of the agenda of the Synod. May the Holy Spirit assist the Holy Father and the bishops in their deliberations on the priesthood. As a result of the synod we pray that the priests of Christ may be strengthened in their vocation, more effective in their ministry and fully committed to the carrying out of the salvific mission of the Church· - that mission which Christ entrusted to the Apostles and their successors, the bishops, whose prudent co-workers the priests so proudly are and desire to be. Pray for Bishops of Synod These words, then, are the words of the bishop to his priests. We have heard the reflections of the retreat master on the priesthood and we have profitably meditated on them. We are conscious of the coming Synod and what fruit that can mean for the ministerial priesthood. However, these words I wish to express as the local bishop talking with his own priests. First of all, I address myself to your concerns. I quite understand, my brother priests, that


many are your concerns, worries and anxieties; Your primary concern is spiritual. You are conscious of the turmoil in society today which has left its mark on the Church as well. You see the crisis in vocations among priests and religious. You are also aware that a life in religion or the life of the priesthood seems to be less attractive to the youth who are seeking a vocation. You are anxious; you wonder and perhaps you may even doubt. I feel it is my obligation as your bishop to speak frankly in this matter. Whatever the crisis that you may see around you, or whatever t.he personal doubt that may be lurking in your priestly heart, remember this: Jesus is the Way, the Truth and the Life. This is a fact of faith. If the fact that Jesus is the Way, the Truth and Life is the answer to the problems and doubts of our faithful laity, then it behooves us indeed to apply this to ourselves. Jesus is Lord. Stresses Faith as Bas.ic He has called us to his priesthood; he has anointed us faith leaders and ministers of his sacraments and preachers of His Turn to Page Four



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military serv,ice, the responsibility to 'vot~all these and many . more let them be constantly the pastoral concern of priest. ' Encourage our, faithful. laity faction of those being cared for in the observance of the obligaand the priest himself.' , , tion to participate in Mass on The question of adequate sal- ' Sundays and other appointed aries for the priests was,'raised days of the year. by the Senat~ ofPries~sirl .late, Foster a solid devotion to' the Spring. I can assure you,. that Blessed Mother of Qod, Mary the whole question of equitable the mother of Jesus, the Mother treatment iti,. remuneration, of the Church and our Mother health and pension benefi,ts and too. Our work as priests must retirement accommodations is be" carried out under the special under study by our own Diocese protection and patronage of in conjunction with information Mary who was so intimately based on the practice, experience associated 'in the plan of God or experiments of other dioceses with the salvific mission of her in the province and elsewhere, p,ivine Son, Rest assured, that r consider Value the Aged and Sick present plans provisional. The Cherish the apostolate of carproper and equitable treatment ing for the spiritual needs of the of the problem however, will sick and elderly. It is a valid take 'great study and proper and ever relevant apostolate. Be planning. But this will be done. good to the sick; be kind to the ' Parish Personnel elderly. Be patient always with ' The question' of perso!1nel is those whose only joy in life may also a grave concern for you POPEl PRAYS FOR SYNOD: Pope Paul VI waves as be the visit of the priest who as indeed it is for me. Priests he emerges from leave after visiting the spot in Subiaco, brings them the Blessed Sacraare aware that many parishes established the first monastery ment. of glorious past history no long- Italy, where St. ~enedict , d f Love them; listen to them; er need the personnel assigned in the western world in the sixth century an praying or learn from their suffering and to them. Many parishes that the success of th~ upcoming world Synod qf Bishops. Ac- loneliness; take away with you were considered large city par- companying thE!pbntiff is Abbot Don Egidio, Gavassi. a bit of their faith and be proud ishes that could be administered , I . of the fact that in the plan of easily by older and experienced in these matter~. I Certainly of topics and problems, con- God you are the minister of the pastors, now strangely enough among the sources from which cerned with the pastoral care of sacrament for them. find themselves in inner city the Bishop hopes to derive much souls and the life of the priest Foster a devotion to the conditions where the energ'etic good and proper adYice is the from the point of view of dif- Blessed Sacrament in your parenthusiasm of a young pastor,' Personnei Board, dUl~ elected by ferent years of experience. ishes. Let not the proper underwith fewer assistants, could be the priests of the diocese. Dogmatic Teaching standing of the Liturgy of the a better solution to the problem. The Bishop has r~sponsibility We are beginning a new year Eucharist be a false excuse for In many areas we must see~ and for the pastoral care bf the souls of activities now that vacations the painful neglect of adoration find those souls who:are lost. The entrusted to him, c~ief among are over. I urge you-all of you, of Our Divine Lord in the Sacradays of being able to await their whom are the priests :themselves. pastors and assistants-to show ment of the Eucharist and the arrival at the Rectory door are The Personnel Board, in its' ad-, a great concern. and pastoral neglect of the spiritual benefit " now over. visory capacity, can and ,does care for the religious education that can derive therefrom. There is a growing need to offer good insight which assists of the young. See to it, tl\at ' Be loyal to the teachings of place our ,priests in parishes the Bishop in 'the ~ssigning of sound authentic doctrine is the 'Church as handed down and where they will be able to func- priests; _the respdn~ibility for taught in accordance with the" authentically interpreted' by the tion more effectively. Yet at"the' which, however, r:e~ains with mind of the Church. The proper Magisterium.; Think With the same time there are needs which him. i and thorough'religious education Church and grow in appreciation call for immediate' solutions so of the young should be consid- of the unique position of the Care for Immigrants' that planning more in ~epth The pastoral care lof souls in ered a weighty responsibility.' Holy Father, who as Vicar of must at times be delayed. In the Diocese of 'Fall River- faces Let the apostolate of adult Christ, successor of Peter and general, a redistribution ofcler- at the present time ia most ur- education receive the attention head of the College of Bishops, gy personnel is called for. Where gent problem and that 'is the that it truly deserves and, where is the visible sign of th~ unity too many priests are assigned in, enormous influx of I Portuguese possible, initiate programs for of the Church. We acknowledge a given area; there will have to immigrants.. We are, blessed with the correct formation of the his authority and let us be quick be a lessening of personnel. a great number of priests of adults in the doctrine of our to share at least by our prayers Where priests are needed urgent- Por"tuguese language and tradi- faith particularly as it pas been the awesome responsibility that Iy they will have 'to be assigned tion who have taken this prob- presented in the various docu- our present Holy Father, Pope without deiay even though it lem to their hearts. i ments of the Second Vatican Paul VI, must' bear. ' means curtailing the number of' It is my intention iin the very Council. Fostering of Vocations priests in another area.' Parishes near future to meet with all the The Apostolate of the laity Finally, let your pastoral efwhich for years had many priests priests of Portuguese .extraction and the sharing of the mission forts concern themselves in a ) ,. , I will have less~ , in order to show ,~y extreme of the Church, which is properly special way with the crucial ' All our priests have worked concern for this pastoral prob- theirs, can be exercised in a very problem of fostering Vocations diligently and earnestly but I am lem and to encoura~e them to real way by the energetic par- to the priesthood and the reliafraid that as, tinie goes on, use whatever means lat hand to, ticipation in parochial life. gious life. It is one of the most. through illness or retirement of save the' faith of our immigrant Priests should foster this. Indeed urgent necessities in the life of priests, we will find ourselves brothers' who come to this land the long-standing' encouragement the Church today. constrained to re-examine' the firm in the faith. I of parish councils in this dioYou can do this 'by your exdistribution of clergy. This will I!1 helping them to Iseek a new cese is evidence of the desire' to ample and yourOPreaching. You mean' harder effort and an aI- life here, we must riot forget our see the parish council enter fully can do this by encouraging the most missionai-y dedication to primary duty to ridurish t1'!eir into the ordinary life of the young ones who show interest. the ministry. spi,ritual lives. and I strengthen parish. .. But most of all you can do this Hospital Apostolate Modern Social Problems by, the holiness of your lives their faith. This is! a pastoral We must also realize that problem that concerns the BishLet the parish take an active which in itself will attract the there must be cooperation op and the priestso.fl' Portuguese part in the civic life around youth. among the various parishes in a- language, yes - but my brother it. Let priests seek to inculcate And it is on this note of holigiven neighborhood wherever ef- priests, I mention it ll,ere because the Christian principles of justice ness-union with Christ in faith forts of the, priests to care for ' it concerns us all.. ,}Ve are all and charity. The various social and love-that I conclude these the pastoral' needs' of souls ,can priests of this Diocese and as problems of ,OUT day, particularly remarks with the expression of I be pooled-I am' thinking, for such the pastoral care of souls where urban conditions or the gratitude' to you all for your example, of the hospital apostol- is a concern and worry for us distress of minority groups are priestly cooperation and affecate. Where possible, hospital all. And this problenl is urgent, conce1"l1ed, present urgent cir- tion without which my episcopal ,chaplains specifically assigned to . There are many other aspects cumstances for the introduction ministry would be weak ingeed. that work,' can alleviate the of the ministrY!lnd Ilife priests of a Christian spirit into the God bless you all. work which devolves' on the par- which are of profound concern community. Catholic priests ' i~hes and can also assure 'proper to me as Bishop. Irl 6rder to be should form their people in the coverage to the patients. Where able to discuss the~e concerns principles of the Church's social this' is not路 possible, the parishes more appropriately ~s they af- teaching and urge them to parin an area should share the apos- fect priests of variouS ages, I in- ticipate fully in civic affairs. tolate in order that emergency tend during the ye~r to meet Let the problems of the youth: and night calls' can be covered with all the priests of Ithe diocese drugs, abandonment, alienation in an efficient and equitable according to a certain limited from parental affection and sumanner. number of age groupings. In this pervision, disenchantment /with' Many 'of these problems can , way, I feel it will be possible society or the establishment sobe properly'.the subject of study , for Bishop and priests to share called, the various aSPects of by competent priests experienced insights an~ views o~ a variety conscience probl~ms caused, by

'THE ANCHOR-Diocese of fall River-:Thurs. Sept. 16,) 91 1 .~

Urges Priests B'e, Spiritual,Forc~"


Continued from Page Three Word. But, he has likewise called us' to a life of explicit holiness-a holiness based on firm faith and ardent love. You are the salt of the earth; you are those ' who are to proclaim Jesus as the light of the world. You are those who must, be, cause you have been anointed to proclaim the message, declare to the world Jesus as the Way, the Truth and the Life. But if that message is to be proclaimed with fervor, it must first be believed. I say, therefore, to you, in the midst of your anxieties and worries and doubts, open your hearts once and for all to Jesus. Abandon yourselves in a total renunciation of self to the almighty designs that God in the order of grace has prepared for , your priestly life and ministry. Go forward, from here today with the firm resolution that Jesus alone commands your life, -your affections, your desires and your energies . Be joyful in pro. tecting the charism of celibacy for the kingdom which God in his living wisdom has bestowed on you. Cherish it. Be solid in your conviction tHat whatever the turmoil, Jesus promised the assistance and guidance of the Holy Spirit for his Church. And no matter what the personal cost, we are 'privileged to be priests in this exciting, aIthough at times distressing period in the Church's life. We can make a contribution; we' can assist ~n renewal, we can make the Church's mission more effective but we cando this only by the total commitment once again of our priestly energies to that ministry to which we were pdvi1eged to be called and ordained. Aware of Problems I am conscious also 'of your material needs. Priests ordinarily do not seek much in satisfying their needs. Nonetheless the requirements of modern life have placed additional demands on the priests.. Some find that this presents'no problem for them. Others,because of the different circumstances in which' 'they labor, find this more difficult. Many are concerned ,about health and retirement and ,numerous are the problems in that regard. Now that since the II Vatican Council, it has become customary to retire from the active administration of, parishes, and this has been established at age 71) in the Diocese, it is only natural that grave anxieties would bi generated in those who were not prepared for such an event. In addition it can be true that while a priest is most willing to' lay down the responsibility of administration, he nonetheless desires to exercise his' ministry in some pastoral fashion. . I assure you that no problem of my stewardship has greater priority than this one. Hopefully in"the future, and not too distant at that, we can provide the proper accommodations for priests who wish to retire. Every made even now to assist these priests but something more permanent is my desire and it will be accomplished. Likewise an effort must be made and will be made to study how' the priestly 'energies of those in retirement can be used iIi the , care of souls both to the satrs-





Asserts Media Basically Fair


WETHERBY (NC)-The head of a religious institute here in England rejects the contention of "many churchmen" that the mass communications media are prejudiced against the Church. "I do not accept that," said Msgr. Michael Buckley, directorof the Wood Hall Pastoral and Ecumenical Center,in this Yorkshire town. Writing in the center's bi - monthly newsletter, Msgr. Buckley said. "The press is open to inter~st­ ing and honest comment. If we have no comment to make, or make statements to cover up reality, then we must expect the press to look elsewhere. "How often 'have we read in the papers that when churchmen were approached they had 'no comment' to make." ' The prelate said such situations are "a disastrous state of affairs" because "we have comments to make on every aspect that touches human life." He concluded: "The British press, radio and television are basically fair, but we must produce the men with a message, fearless and true, before any notice will be taken of the Christian cause.'"

CALGARY (NC) - The first priest in English-speaking Canada to run for political office went down to defeat in the Alberta provincial -legislative election. Father Pat O'Byrne, 57, executive director of the Calgary Inter·faith Community _ Action Committee, ran as a Social Cr.edit candidate in the Calgary constituency of Egmont. He was defeated by the Pr.ogressive Conservative . candidate, lawyer Merve Leitch 5,838 to 4,591. After 36 years in po~er, t1}e Social Credit party was upset by the Progressive Conservatives who captured 49 of the 75 seats in the legislature. Father O'Byrne, a brother of Bishop Paul O'Byrne of Calgary, fought an "ecumenical" campaign. He went door-to-door canvassing with Rabbi Lewis Ginsburg as his public relations chairman. He promoted the fact that his campaign manager was a Protestant to demonstrate a wide base of support.


Charge Surveillance i

GENEVA (NC)-Two Methodist Church leaders in Rhodesia have accused the security police •. ' ; of paying informers to attend ..:' church services imd report ."'~:- pr-eachers' criticisms of the gov~ ernment. The Ecumenical Press ' .':-_~ ,Service. here reported that the Rev. Thomas Curtis, superintend'- ent of the United Methodist ( Church in Rhodesia, said he had evidence of police surveillance of Rhodesian pulpits.

;" 1


r .-

Canadian Priest Loses Election

PLAN ADULT E~UCATION FOR ATTLEBORO AREA: Arranging courses for the adults in the Attleboro area are" seated: -Rev. Owen E. Smith, Rev. Edward J. Byington, Rev. Richard, L. Chretien, Rev. Norman Boulet, and Rev. Gerard A. Charbonneau. Standing: Rev. Thomas, L. Rita, Rev. Donald J. Bowen, Rev. Robert C. Donovan and Rev. Peter N. Graziano.

Attleboro Area Parishes Plan Program .Stressing Contemporary Problefll:s An Adult Education program concentrating on contemporary problems will be held Wednesday evenings, Oct. 13 through Nov. 17 in six parishes in Attleboro, Norton, Mansfield - and Easton. - New in this area, the program will consist of 10 associate pastors discussing their particular topics at each of the six parishes on a rotating basis. Parishes at which discussions

Plan to Organize National ,'Coun'cil _,Qf Catholic L~ity "

CINCINNATI (NC)-American lay leaders will meet here Nov. 11-13 to form a National Council of Catholic Laity designed to broaden and deepen the participation of lay people in the Church's life and mission. Open to all Catholic organizationsand individuals, the new lay council will basically represent a coalition of the National Council of Catholic Men and the National Council of Catholic '-' Women. Representatives of the NCCM and NCCW have studied the proposal for closer cooperation and broader membership for the past two years. At recent general assemblies of the two organizations, delegates endorsed the formation of a national lay council. Ferd J. Niehaus of Cincinnati, former president of the Cincinnati Archdiocesan Council of Catholic Men, and currently vicepresident of the NCCM, is chairman of the NCCM implementing committee that prepared groundwork for the new coalition. The two national councils will maintain their separate identities after the National Council ,of Catholic Laity is organized, but their national staffs and programming activities will be merged. . Officials of the two national ,c;OWlciis said the chief constitu-j;nt~ of the new lay council at




Sept. 16, 1971

first will be the organizations now affiliated with the NCCM and NCCW. It is expected that eventually all Catholc lay organizations - local, diocesan and national-will affiliate with the new NCCL because of the ser-. vices and resources it will make available to them. , Council Objectives Final approval of plans for the establishment of the Council must be given by the general assemblies of the National Councils of Catholic Men and Women, which will meet here before the first general assembly of the new lay council. Delegates will be asked to approve the following statement of objectives for the council: I. To intensify the apostolic activity of the Catholic laity in United States. 2. To mobilize and coordinate efforts of the Catholic laity' to bring full life and meaning to the role of the laity in the mission of the Church in the United States. 3. To be a meclium through which Catholic laity of the United States may speak in matters of common concern. 4. To cooperate -with other national and international organizations in the solution of modern problems. 5. To cooperate with the clergy, Religious and bishops in fulfilling the mission of the Church.

will be held are St. John the Evangelist and St. Joseph's Churches, Attleboro; St. Mark's Church, Attleboro Falls; St. Mary's Church, Mansfield; l-Ioly Cross Church, North Easton; and St. Mary's Church, Norton. Priests from Holy Ghost, Attleboro, ,Immaculate Conception, North Easton, and Sacred Heart, North Attleboro, will also participate. . The project is the result of monthly meetings of the associate pastors which have been held at the different parishes for most of the year. "We have been meeting to coordinate our references and to meet the various needs of the parishes of the area," explained Rev. Donald Bowen of St. Mary's in Norton, "but for the past two or three months we have been concentrating on this adult education program." ' Solution to Confusion "The aim of the project is for the adults to take a new look at the Church," Father Bowen continued, "to solve some of the

Bishop Becomes Parish Priest PERPIGNAN (NC) - Bishop Joel Bellec of Perpignan, who resigned recently at age 63, has been assignE!d as a country parish priest in the Perigueux diocese at Dordogne, a French village of 1,200 population where St. Vincent de Paul was ordained to the priesthood. Bishop Bellec said his decision to resign as bishop was "the conclusion of thought and reflection going back several years." He said his decision was nbt linked .to "any particular problem that poses itself in our diocese . . . "It stems from deeper and more personal reasons dictated at the same time by conscience and by good sense, above all, by concern for the diocese's spiritual and apostolic life."

confusion and answer some of the questions which concern adults today." Each session will be held for two hours, 7:30 to 9:30 P.M. During the first hour the speaker will discuss the topic, often with the' aid of films and film strips. Then -after:a break, there will be open discussion. Participating priests and their topics, together with the names of parishes where they will appear the first week are: At St. Mary's, Norton - Rev. Thomas Rite of St. Mary's Mansfield, will discuss "Church Teaching: Is It Really the Same?" At Holy Cross, North Easton, Rev. Edward J. Byington of St. John's, Attleboro, will speak on "War and Peace: Where Do We Stand as Christians?" At St. Joseph's, Attleboro, Rev. Robert Brennan of Holy Cross Parish, North Easton, will discuss "The Church: Institution? Building? People?" At St. Mary's, Mansfield, Rev. Normand Boulet of St. Joseph's Attleboro, and Rev. Owen Smith of Immaculate Conception, North Easton, will talk on the "Bible: What Is It Really Saying?" . Rotate Parishes At St. Mark's, Attleboro Falls, Rev. Robert Donovan of St. John the Evangelist, Attleboro, will speak on the "Liturgy: Spectator Sport or Personal Encounter with Christ?" At St. John the. Evangelist, Attleboro, Rev. Donald Bowen of St. Mary's, Norton and Rev.,Gerard Charbonneau of St. Mark's, Attleboro Falls, will discuss "Morality-Conscience-Confession: How Is One to Know?" The following week, Oct. 20, these associate pastors will discuss these same topics at the next parish in -the rotation. They hope .to repeat the entire program during the Winter months. The speakers emphasized that those interested may attend any one of these meetings, whether at their own parish or not.

Institute Asks End To Discrimination NEWARK (NC) - Labor can not be content with its past achievements in the face of current discriminatory hiring practices, the Newark archdiocesan Institute of Social Relations asserted. Charging that "tokenism remains in vogue," the institute said in a Labor Day statement that labor must dedicate itself to the elimination of racial discrimination, particularly the discrimination practiced by unions themselves. "Difficult and unreasonably demanding qualifying examinations, and the lack of apprenticeship programs in the skilled trades, or the proper publicizing of such programs where they do exist, have prevented blacks from gaining entry into some unions," the institute said. Further, it said, "among unskilled unions, many utilize collective bargaining techniques which force blacks into lower paying and less desirable positions."

Right to Life TORONTO (NC)-Saving 100,000 babies from abortion is the 1972 goal of Birthright International, a volunteer service organization helping distressed pregnant women. This target was cited as 100 persons from the United States and Canada at'tended the organization's first international meeting at St. Augustine's College here.

The Falmouth National Bank FALMOUTH. MASS. By the Village Green Since 1821


, THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept:.16, 1971

.J g~lIizillg

emerge as an. effedive '.force in i ' , , 'opposition to. school busing. . ...

An exan,iple of this would be the efforts' that the Chinese community ofSan Francisco is using to prevent the busing of their children out of Chinatown. For them, . this would be not only a racial 'issue but more importantly, in their eyes, a- cultural and ethnic issue. It is quite certain that the forces who are pushing the busing issue did not count on this new form of opposition to their mandatory form of integration. . In, fact the, reawakening of . ethnic identity in mllnY segments .of' An1erican soc;iety, has completely baffled the exponents of : bu·sing. .

Dom Hubert Views Renewal

- The di~tinguished, spiritual writer Dom Hubert van Zeller has had some worthwhile things to say about renewal in the Catholic Church. ' ) The English writer has pointed out that there is, among Catholic's, a' new awareness of social responsibility, of respect for individual conscience, of needed liturgical 'change. ' ,But he points out that from' all this there must emerge the worship of God from the heart, collectively and personally" because zeal for new exp~essions of service is not' itself service and' certainly not a substitute for the supernatu~al response of. the soul~ . There' must be, he says, more attention to actual spir, . In, 'some· 'areas there is are· itual perlormance. As he puts it: "Any fool can decide si.irgeri~e of 'Jewish day schools. .whether o'r' not he likes' the' vernacular Mass, whether or. Thisiesurgence is' not based so not he agrees with a' liberal interpretation of Scripture, much :·on' the' religious element .. whether he would like to see a married clergy, whether he I.. as if on'the ethnic tradition. The macliimltions of the Jewish , .,·thinks the.:defections 'from the priesthood and the religious, ,defense league" serve 'as a ' .. life",WiH' have a purifying or weakening effect in' the long , worthy example of, this new ele, ····.::iim,' but,·it:'takes a soul of' generosity to get on with,the ment in our society. Part of this work o(deep, personal, day-to-day prayer. Might it not be 're-action may also' stem from, that, because this element in theChurcn.'s life has been fear of violence. Many ethnic areas in our large cities are cen, neglectedJn favor of controversy-you have only to look ters of what only can be deat the publishers' booklists for evidence of ,this---:'the scribed as white backlash. i whole' business of speculation and experiment 'has got out of hand?" Children Pawns As Dom Hubert goes on to S;iy, while there may be The enthusiasm for integration , by means of busing has 'great more people going to Communion, attending' conferences, personal parental' opposition. setting up symposia which cater to the intelligence, are Many children must travel many there more persons making thanksgivings after Mass or miles and many hours to form practicing penitential exercises or building up C~tholic an integrated school. They are piety? He notes that in the shadow of ol~-fashioned devothe unfortunate pawns in a most unfortunate program. Many partions such as novenas, first Fridays, rosaries, holy hours 'ents are concerned about what;~~_,\ . and stations of the cross there may nave lurked the poshappens to children after they . . sibility .of superstition, routine and emotionalism, ·but in get off the bus. These parental ., the present emphasis on theological, moral, structural, proworries seemingly form a psy-;' ' t cedural and liturgical reforms there is the danger-greater Rev. John F. Moore, B.~., M.A., M.Ede chological. barrier to the suCcess of many busing programs: ' in ~is opinion-of. seculariz'ation and superiority. 55. Pener & ~aul, Fall River . .There can be little doubt that What he calls "exteriority" seems to be having all its , I. ' we live in a multi-racial world own way, but there renewal without "interiQrity." and we must prepare children to It is all well and good to talk about prayer being a witness, '0 . live in this world and not withbut there must be people praying. It is all to the good that Today there are, ~ery positive signs,that many Amer- , draw from it. For each on'e" of there are people talking about the Church of the future, icans of greatly diver~e backgrounds are either indifferent us to revert to our own little the flowering of fraternal love, the pentecostal renewal; or completely opposed to school integration by means of society is divisive and opposed but there must be greater devotion to God, agreafer deep- busing. In theory, integration is certainly a moral issue in- to the national good. Integration must be part and parcel of the ening of the interior life. cumbent on the nation~l conAmerican way of life. The means The renewal, according to Oom Hubert,' must not only science. However, in !prac- have their way, schools will be- to assure that integration mu~t be positive and constructive. As ' be talked about or in the sphere of the intellectual-there tice, it is fast becomihg- a come totally separate. The avant glamor of thelN~w a people in today's world we . must be an increase of holiness of ,life and this must be national disaster. In\ the . Left ollly supports this theory. seen. This is what people look for-not more -books or 'present mood of AmeriCan' so- Only a few years ago they were 'cannot afford to continue na· articles or talks criticising the Church or talking' about ciety, the' busing of children, the first in line of integration . tionaI destruction and violence. This will never'unite us; it will renewal, but people who are praying more' and' thus loving se¢mingly faces not only ~trong marches. Today they are commore -God and, their. neighbo,rs. ' , opposi,tion but outright an4total plete revolutionists who view in- . only divide us.If busing separates,



Inleura:li\,on via Busing

failure. The reasons fof this are

tegration only as another scheme of 'power hungry imperialism. First and foremost have l been In addition to' these divergent Catechetical Sun'day is time for the encouragement and th~ recent· statements of IChief , forces of opposition there now Justice Burger and President has arisen another force which support of CCO programs. And it is also the time for the Ni~on. Antibusing forces certain- many had thought to be not only renewed dedicat~on to the family as the first schQol of Iy have been given new Iif~ and _ the silent majority but also the religion and the continuing one. ' . energy by the attitude of 'official safe majority. This new factor \ , Washington. can only be correctly identified Church and religious programs build on _what the Tile Black Power mov~ment as the "Ethnics." Because the family does. When called on to substitute for what the gives all evidence of opp'o~ition law fails in any distinction befamily fails to do they are at a disadvantage and can do to any form of integratioh by tween race and color we' now only part of their work. any, means whatsoever. If Ithey' find ethnic, groups starting to


Catechetical Sunday ,

It is n the family,' then, that religion must be both ,discussed and, above all, lived. Parents should not be afraid,




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to talk religion with children, discuss with them what is ". ':. given at Church and CCO classes. Sometimes they shy' away from this" fearful that they may not know a n s w e r s . , Of course, not too many youngsters are going to ask parents such obscure points of theology that parents are, OFFICIAL NEWSPAPE~ IOF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER tongue-tied.:And there is surely nothing wrong with both " j parents and children seeking out answers together. Indeed,' Published weekly by The C9tholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River in this way the work of religion becomes a family project, .' 410 Highland Avenue ' and that is g o o d . : Fall River, MtJ's. 02722 675-7151 Parents who take this approach are happier and better " PUBLISHER themselves and .are happy in that they ~re giving their Most Rev. Darilil A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D. children the needed, foundation upon which Church and GENERAL MANAGER ASST. GENERAL MANAGER CCO can build, and their: stippo~ of thes~ is genuine and Rev. Msgr. D~niel F. Shallo9, M.A. Rev. John P. DriscolJ concerned and c o n s t a n t ' , ~leary press-r.n-·Rlver I .





segregates aJ;}d sunders our educational institutions then other means must be found to coordinate a national policy of integration that will unite the American people and not s,nlinter them. The forces that oppose busing must be given serious consideration but tney in turn must do the same in respect to law and justice . If they sincerely reason that busing is harmful and detrimental to the common good of this land, let them unite to change the law. However, in all of this com· motion, may both sides of this issue ,respect one another and above all the children who after all is said and done must still bear the brunt of adult mistakes.

Gypsy Pilgrimage At Spanish Shrine SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA (NC)-In a revival of traditions begun in the Middle ages, several hundred French, Spanish and' Portuguese gypsies made a joint pilgrimage to the Shrine of St. James here in Spain.

THE ..". ANCHOR-Diocese .. . of Fall River-·Thurs. Sept. 16,1971

Asks Chris,t'ian Respo·nse. To Uncontrolled Inf'lation




If we admit, with President Nixon, that inflation is a most dangerously unjust and destabilizing force in society-rewarding the affluent and the speculators, pushing the already handicapped further to the wall-we have to ask whether it invites any specifically Christian re- "norm" which the government sponse or responsibility. Are . fixes as the upper possible limit for payments in anyone year. there any actions or policies This is a flexible kind of income

which Christian citizens can pursue in the hope of lessening the evil of steadily rising prices and steadily increasing pressure on the poorest sections of the population?

control since firms responding 'to rising demand or showing higher productivity can afford the tax and will still grow, while those which cannot will not be able to join in any general costpush. . Possible Answers

Another possibility is for firms to take a fresh look at profit sharing so that the mass of the BARB~RA wo~kers' have- a greater direct interest in true profitability and WARD productivity. Yet another 'is to introduce more flexible indirect taxes on value added, on hire purchase, One point which more and on certain sales-which can be more economists are coming to varied up and down fairly flexunderline is the impossibility of 'ibly to reduce or increase the any society offering steadily ris- pressure of income. In short, there are a number ing incomes to everybody without inflation as an unavoidable of possible answers or combination of answers which President consequence. At present America with some· Nixon can produce when the 90200 million citizens represents day wage and price freeze comes about six per cent of, the world's to an e!1d..But few of his cititotal population. But it consumes zens want to take their own feet 40 per cent of the world's in- out of the trough. It is at this point that we have come. If, as some projections suggest, the average per capita to ask whether there is any income of. the 300 million particular Christian responsibilAmericans who may have ar- ity. Surely one of Our Lord's rived by the year 2,000 will have most persistent reminders was gone up to between $20,000 to of the danger of wanting t60 $30,000 a year, Americans alone much and becoming caught in would then be trying to consume the snare of what we call "high eight times the present total in- consumption" but. which the Fathers of the Church have more come' of the entire planet. It is obvious, therefore, that at usually called greed. some ,point incomes have to -Christian Example stop rising. If claims do not beWhenever the Christian comcome more moderate, there sim. ply will not be enough energy munity has begun to renew' it'and raw materials to go round self, some of its saints and -unless nearly all the other in- prophets 'have made a new effort habitants of Planet Earth were to fight against the enormous to keep their demands to a mini- temptations of wanting too. mum in order to help Americans much. As Rome collapsed, the monks to go on getting richer. went into the desert. As the barThree Alternatives barians took over Europe, St. This possibility is so unlikely Benedict set up his monasteries that I think it is quite safe to where all was simplicity, work say that if our present course and prayer. As the first wave of , continues, then sometime in the high bourgeois prosperity broke next decade we risk funning over medieval Europe, St. Franinto anyone of three disastrous cis of Assisi made the Lady alternatives.~ . Poverty his bride. The first is that wages, salary At the beginnings of the comand dividend claims will spireil me,:£ial and industrial revoluinto an uncontrollable "cost- tion in England, the Quakers repush" ihflation. The second is jected all luxury in dress or manthat heetically rising demand for In our own day, Mother Theresa more gbods will push up the of Calcutta has formed her misprices of increasingly scarce sionaries to give up everything goods into an uncontrollable "for the poorest of the· poor." "demand pull" inflation. The Not all' Christians are called third is a depression of 1929 to this total self-giving. But is proportions, with a general col- there not a place for the renewal lapse of incomes, production, of the idea of a "Third Order" welfare and everything else. of Christian people who, volunEconomists can, of course, tarily, cut· back their consumpsuggest a number of technical tion, abandon the' dream of ways of avoiding these risks. ever~rising prosperity and begin One I have discussed already-a seriously sharing their income higher proportion of present with those who are in greatest earnings paid in the shape of need? Can we be sure that such high, guaranteed, inflation-proof an example, joyfully made and incomes after 60 as old age explained, might not set social tides moving away from' the .' comes on. Another is a graduated tax on greedy collective pressures which '. all firms whose payouts-wages, feed first inflation and thej disaster? ~ ~alaries, ~i~idends - exceed' a



CCD COORDINATOR: Sister Muriel, OLVM, center of picture, new CCD coordinator for St. Joseph's parish, North Dighton, meets parishioners at after-Mass reception. From left, standing, Mrs. Louis Collis, Sister Muriel, Mr. and Mrs. William Kingsland. Seated, clockwise, Andrew Kingsland, Joan McEvoy, JoAnn Collis, Sue-Ann Hanley, William Kingsland Jr.

Orthodox, Catholic Churches Function Lithuania Catholic Stronghold in Soviet Union LONDON (NC) - Lithuania,' and particularly its capital, Vilnius, remain the stronghold of Catholicism' inside ·the Soviet Union, according to a report in the Times of London. - Few cities are so dominated by their churches as Vilnius, also known as Vilna or Wilno, he wrote. On a busy city street one can see women kneeling to pray outside a Catholic chapel where a service is being held. Other women ascend the steps to the chapel on their knees. At least one Orthodox and five Catholic churches in the city are still functioning, an unusually high number in the Soviet Union, said the Times' Moscow correspondent, David Bonavia. In addition, Vilnius has so many churches without priests, he added, that they seem to be a positive embarrassment to the city authorities.

art gallery, a souvenir and liquor shop, a priest's residence and a museum of atheism. "The Catholic churches are well attended, for Lithuania is still the main stronghold of Catholicism in the Soviet Union," Bonavia said. "In, spite of various persecutions since Stalin's annexation of the country in 1940, proportionally more young people and more men seem to adhere to the Church than is the case with the Orthodox faith in Russia itself. "The Lithuanian authorities are even bringing out a glossy book in English' and Italian on the status of the Church in their republic. This is an aspect of the slightly freer cultural atmosphere in the' Baltic states than in other parts of the Soviet Union." First Language

Differences are small but noticeable, he continued. City galleries show some abstract art. Bonavia 'said some elegant There are a lack' of political baroque churches are being used posters on the streets and a bare as an engineering laboratory, an minimum of, "political humbug" in the historical museums. . The old town of Vilnius has God . r~mained largely intact, with If you say. that God is good, great, blessed, 'wise or any such thing, the starting pqint is this: ELECTRICAL God is. .-St. Bernard Contractors Freer Atmosphere

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He said also that Lithuania gets its cultural influence more from the Poles and the Germans than from Russia.



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Lithuania seems to have less strategic importance to the Soviet Union than either Latvia or Estonia, the correspondent said. This, he added, may be one reason why it has not been "Russified" to the same degree.


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most of the new buildings going up well out in the suburbs, Bonavia said. The Lithuanian language is firmly installed as the first language locally and many public notices are not duplicated in Russian, whereas in neighboring Latvia nearly all signs are bilingual.

944 County St. New Bedford

Attleboro - No. Attleboro Taunton






Bishop,' Attacks Theology -Smog

THE ANCHOR-Dioces'e of Fall R,ver-Thurs. Sept. 16, 1971


We1arlng Appar:el-CostsSti'il .In Ma,nacl,e's of Infla,ti,on ,

The little black dress is returning' but the little price tag that used to accompany it has gone the way of quality . merchandise and pride in workmanship. Only a couple of 'years ago you could pick up a very good winter wool with a separate jacket or even a matching coat for a price to one hundred and fifty price ' same one that it was tag of around ninety five range-the in la~t ,Winter. \l0y this shol.dd - dollars; 'and while this was hold true for Icoats when "a good piece of change" we at least consoled ourselves with the thought that we were buying quality. _ Today that special outfit is

dresses and other items are reaching astronomincal proportion even strict fashion watchers find puzzling. The price freeze may be on for wages (as those of us who get September increases are well aware) but inflation got to the garment industry e,arly in the Spring and the increased cost; is now evident in the new Fall clothes.

HAPPINESS IS .-.. NEW NUNS: In an ancient cere;nony reenacted recently by the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul of:,' Zagreb after two new members of the community made tHeir first profession and another nun :observed her silver: jfbilee. The three were showered with rose petals followihg a Mass in Our Lady of the Sacred Tragedy for Wife or Husband? Heart Church, Lac~awanna, N.Y., as Rev. James O'Keefe, ' Women's Wear Daily attrib- CM, retreat maste~ ~njoys the celebration. NC Photo.


dangling a one hundred sixtyfive dollar price tag and the workmanship and styling isn't any better than its predecessor. Even the simple outfit that we want to buy for work has been raised to, a price I~vel that is quite impossible. Just how many fifty dollar dresses can you buy for your job. Not only are dresses reaching unbelievable heights but skirts, blouses, shoes and all other accessories have skyrocketed into the luxury class. Skirts that were seIling for twenty dollars at the end of last year have been upped to twenty-six and thirty, blouses average in the eighteen to twenty-five dollar brackets and a good dressy pair of shoes is going ,to cut into your budget by at least thirty dollars. Coat Cost Constant

utes this increase to the wage increases of last Winter which add cost to every step of the manufacturer's product from the material on down to the finished garment. However, whatever the explanation, it is, the consumer who is going to feel it in his, his pocketbook at a time when his paycheck is being frozen-'-a tragic situation for' the little man. We may have won the battle of the hemlines, advanced our cause for more' women's rights and led by some militant feminist become recognized for 'our own ability but if you want to__ appear on the best dressed list this Fall we'll have to either return to our sewing machines or "Marry a" Millionaire."

POp' e's Statement Irks Protestants I

Ironically it's tlie area of coats (a', fashion, that because of the popular midi coat length is using more material) where we find the prices remaining somewhat stable. Sport coats in threequarters length are still seIling for anywhere from fifty to seventy-five and a full length coat, with a great deal of styling is in the, one hundred and ten

Center Religious Life On Workship ServiCe

BELFAST (NC) - Protestant 'spokesmen reacted quickly and angrily to Pope Paul YI's statement on the situation in Northern Ireland. , , . . One Presbytenan minIster m ~,elf~st called th: P?pe's rem,~rks I~I-tlmed and Ill-mformed. A middle - of - t~e - road Protestant new~pa~:r hmte? that,~he Pope was I?cltmg to, properly const~tuted aut~onty. " ' After lamentmg the hatred and bloodshed" in Northern Ireland and praying that both Catholics and Protestants would work for unity, the Pope said recent moves by, the' Northern ~rish government to suppress milItantm:mbers of the, Catholi,c commu:n~ty ~ere resc:nted by some citizens-an allUSIOn to the policy of imprisonment withoJt trial instituted Aug, _9. \ Amid continued bombings by the outlawed Irish Republican Army, several Protestant clergymen. here hav~ given moral backIng to the Idea of "active defense" by the Protestant majority of "their 'property, their community, their way of life." '"

. ~E~LIN (NC)-The public religious life of Estonian Lutherans today'is centered on the worship service,according to Lutheran Archbishop Alfred Tooming of ./ Estonia. The Lutheran Church, in Estonia, now part of the Soviet Union, has no hospitals or other charitable institutions, the archbishop said in an article in -'Evangelishes Pfarrerblatt, a bulletin for East German Protestant clergymen. Archbishop Tooming said the Estonian Lutheran 'Church has about 300,000 members. Evangelization work, he said, Repentance A man turning from - an evii is confined to the members themselves. Youths" he added, bound to be rendered de~"receive their l'eligious instruc- perate by the knowledge of his tion ~t home." " :sins, if he does not also- know , The church, he said, has 101.. )iow' good God is, how kind and clergymen and 21 'lay preachers"" gentle, and hoW-ready to forgive. ..:-St.Bernard assigned to 139 parishes. '.


'R,e1puSJlriant,' 'Uniust' Pennsylvdnia' Priest Pays Tax Bill , _; IUnder Protest '_

WASHINGTON (NC) - "Theological smog" is clouding the Church's teaching tl1at Catholics are obliged to attend Sunday and Holy Day Mass "under pain of grievous sin," the bishop of San Diego said J1ere. Bishop Leo T. Maher said parents and teachers must help students to "brace themselves 'against the winds of doctrinal fads so prevelant in these days of crisis and confusion." , Bishop Maher made his observations in, a pastoral letter to the half-million Catholics in the San Diego diocese. The bishop wrote that "worship of God is the essential purpose of man's life on earth and attending Mass' on Sunday is a primary means of worshipping God." There can be no true Christain charity unless it feeds on the Gospel and the Eucharist,' the bishop said. He aq.ded that "in the Mass our Lord asks exactly the same faith as he asks on every page of the Gospel. If he asks for it here, in the most complete form, it is because he gives himself wholly and entirely." "Let no theological smog in any manner cloud or obscure the authentic teaching of the Church that it is a grave obligation binding the conscience of all Catholics to participate ,in the Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation," the bishop said.


EASTON (NC)-The pastor of legislators to remove "restrictive St. Joseph's Church herJ who re- tax burdens from our churches centlv, returned his: tectory's (all denominations) in recognition property tax bilLunpaid :has now of the public service'rendered by paid it-under protest, I the church and in respect for the In a letter explainiIlg why he freedom, guarante~d" ,by state decided to reverse his earlier de- and natIOnal constitutIOns. Demonstrate New Uses When Father Vandergeestrecision and pay the bill "fbt $579,47 Father Peter v~ridergeest turned his tax bill in July, he Of Tapes; Filmstrips HOUSTON (NC)-Two young said payment "is : ~romPted billed the~c~ool district more solely by .respect an'!: rfverence than $1.3 millIon f~r what he as- consultants are demonstrating for the law which demands this 'serted was the savmg made pos- new ways to use films, tapes and payment, however rJpugnant sible by his parish's education of filmstrips in education in the and 'unjust it may be."1 232 elementary students .Iast Galveston-Houston diocese. Paul Kelly, 23, and Mike Father Vandergeest; said the year. He later told school dlrec'. I • tors, "I didn't expect you to pay Mauldin, 24, say it is possible to Church renders a public service th b'll " make a two-minute, 16-mm film just, as schools and' Icolleges eSt I J .. h', -t 'h ' t" I'd" , . osep s ree ory was as- for less than $3 and to make r; ose proper les, mc 1.\ mg resld t $14600 100 slides in color or black arid dences of professional pJrsonnel, sesse a ,. white for under $2. are, tax exempt. , I Genius Their central "Media Center~' His argument a~ainsf ~axation A commonplace about men of in the co-cathedral school build_ of Church rect~nes ~~~ co~--" genius is tl;1at they, usually have ing here is staffed and equipped pounded, he said, by, ~l1S d!s- religious dispositions. It would by Houston's three major diocpleasure o~~r th~ U,S'i ~upre~e be strange were it otherwise, esan educational offices. ~ourt dec.lS1on m JUPE( which seeing that genius, is nothing but rendered' unconstitutional a ,the power of discerning the Pennsylvania nonpubliclsChOOI things of the spirit. ~id law authorizing purchase of -Coventry' Patmore ~ervices from nonpublic !sChOOIS. He called the fear of ;entangleAluminum or Steel __ fuent of church and ,state, as 944 County Street NEW BEDFORD, MASS. tited in the court decisibn" utter nonsense." ; 992-66f8 I The priest said he has asked :" . : " .! 94 TREMONT STREET ~rol.!.p Asks Yeo1r-1End TAUNTON, MASS• Pullout From Vietnam ~ 1 Tel. 822-0621 ,CH.ICAG,O ,(NC):-Thlr~y. Pres~ytenan mlsslOn~nes hlWf I~sued ~ ,stateme~,t callI~~ on ,Pfesld~nt ~·I]'·lffil·['OO .OO:lllInl]lffimmrnrnlaJaJIIilJ][II:ooOO:lllInl]~ Nixon to repent for Hie Vlet[t nam war and wit~dra* U. S. ft troops from Indochm~ Ib Y the e,nd of 19?1.. , !, ,The mlSSlOnanes sal? they ";pro!ou~dly dis~rust" fh l: Vie~­ " ROUTE 6-·between Fall River and New Bedford ~amlzatlOn polIcy bepause It ~anipulates Asians tol fight I One of Southern New England's Finest Facilities qther Asians., i ,"Using United Staf,es' firepower and the lives of I others for' tb purs'ue United States .interests +without Americans Ha~ing to shed a drop of blood: .1. seems even more cynical, mOflllly, than FOR, DETAILS CALL MANAGER-636-2744 or 999-6984 direct engagement," the Presby- ' terialls' declaration said;


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Thurs., Sept. '16, 1971

Busing Catholic Students Illegal

Readers often write to me and say, "With'two kids, I don't have spare minute. You've got eight and you ~ave time to write. How do you do it?" Many" of them ask if I have household help. I do-eigJ1t kids; but no maid, no nurse, no secretary, no housekeeper. When peo- dirty. That way" the pressure of ple learn that I have no out- other responsibilities kept me from feeling guilty. side help, they guess I'm ex~ When the stove got so dirty


tremely well organized, working" on precise schedules. Not so. I try making schedules but I can never stay on them.


Last week was typical. I was all set to try the 37th version of my weekly schedule, when the school called. One of the little girls was in the nurse's office. "She had a 102-degree fever, and the nurse strongly suspected that my little darling was coming down with chicken pox. So much for that schedule. I hadn't allotted any time for chicken pox. .",' Since I have no help, and can .; ',:~. not operate on a fixed schedule, I simply do what's most impor.; .. '., tant at the moment and forget ';j."' . ." about everything else.


Three Categories

That leaves, then, just the things I really must do ... and the thinks I want to do. As soon as a project comes up, I decide -must do, want to do, ought to do. If I must, there is no choice. If I want to, I keep the idea. If it's an ought to, I forget it. By not worrying about all those things I theught I ought to be doing, I have ¥.J more available time. If I'm looking forward to something I really want to do, the necessary jobs go much quicker. If I'm planning on making a new dress for mY$elf as soon as the dishes are done, I can be out of "the kitche,n .in 10 minutes. When I was so bogged down with the things I ought to do, I'd. be mulling over whether I ought to do the windows or the stove, and the dishes would take me an hour. So, by doing the things I must, forgetting the things I ought, there is time to do the things I want. Try it. It works for me, and it might for you.

It's really not that simple, because frequently three of four things are all "most Important" at the same time. So to keep jobs in perspective, I use an expansion of the "do what's needed most" theory. Everything I do can be divided into three categories; the things I "must do," the things I "ought to do," and the things I "want to'do." By assigning projects to these slots, it's much easier to decide what's most Plea 'for Nationwide important. l , Certain jobs must be done; I Collection IUnrealistic WASHINGTON (NC) It must cook, do laundry, keep the ,house clean and reasonably tidy. would be unrealistic for the Certain deadlines must be met; Church to finance a SpanishMass on Sunday, children ready speaking lobbying center here for school on time, medical and from the proceeds of a nationother fixed appointments kept. wide collection, even though, the Then there are the things I U.S. Catholic Conference sympaought to do., You know what thizes with Hispano aspirations, they are; I'm sure you say the' says the USCC general secretary. Bishop Joseph L. Bernardin same things to yourself all day long. "I ought to take down the suggested that a Spanish-speakliving room drapes and do the ing coalition, planning to ask the windows." "I ought to clean the American bishops for $500,000 stove. "I ought to go to the for the proposed center, should, instead request funding from the PTA meeting tonight." But the truth is that I have hierarchy's Campaign for Huabsolutely no intention of doing man Development.. "The coalition is certainly any of the things I say I "ought" welcome to request funding from to do. Years ago I got into the habit , the Campaign for Human Develof telling myself I ought to do opment for any of its programs things to placate my conscience. it believes meet the campaign criteria," the bishop said. If I said I ought to clean the "At the same time, in view of stove and wasn't able to get to it, it didn't seem as bad as ,not the subs~antial effort already beeven thinking, about its being ing made by the Church on behalf of the Spanish-speaking, inBusiness'Manager cluding the nationwide Campaign SAGINAW (NC) - John A. for Human Development in York, ,33, has been named first which they share, it is not reallay business manager for the istic for the coalition to insist Saginaw di9ces·e. He was for- that yet another jcollection be .merly assistpnt credit manager taken up for its exclusive benefor the Chrysler Corporation", fit." .;

BOISE (NC)-In a 3-to-2 decision, the Idaho Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional a statute allowing state funds to be used to bus parochial and private students to and from' school. The ruling overturned an earlier decision by a lower court which had affirmed the legality of a law passed, by the 1970 Idaho legislature authorizing public school districts to provide funds for public transportation of non-public school students.

that it moved onto the "must" category, it-got done. L soon realized that I wasn't doing any of the things I "ought" and to keep from doing them, I stayed bogged down with the things I "had" to do. Consequently, I was spending all my time on things I had to do, was unable to do the things I really wanted to do. So, I simply eliminated all the "ought to" jobs-from my mind, my conscience, and my job lists. More Time Available


The .state school superintendent and state school board had appealed the lower court's decision, which resulted when Catholicparents filed suit against the school board for failing to release funds for busing of nonpublic school students. Writing for the majority, Idaho Justice Joseph H. McFadden noted that the" U.S. Supreme Court has held that the busing of parochial students is not prohibited by the U.S. Constitution. But the justice said that, according to the Idaho constitution, which he cited as the controlling factor in the case, busing is unconstitutional. The justice indicated that forCENTENARIAN AT, CATHOLIC MEMORIAL HOME: feiture of the right to public Miss Ellen Durkin, a guest at the Fall River Catholic Home I transportation is the price to be for the Aged for the past 12 years, recently celebrated her paid for following the dicates of lOOth. birthday by attending a special Mass in her honor religion, according to a story in the Idaho Register, newspaper of, and followed it up with a reception for all her friends at the Boise diocese. the home and her former neighbors in 55. Peter and Paul Diocesan attorneys were conParish, Fall River. sulting on avenues for possible appeal of the Idaho Supreme Court decision.

Nuns Shatter Cloister Silence to Tell Pope The{re Relevant CASTELGANDOLFO (NC) Pope Paul got a ringing "No" from normally silent cloistered nuns when he ask~d them if they agree with the view that their lives make them "emigrants" from reality. The occasion W{lS a papal visit to a cloistered~onvent of the Franciscan Poor Clares near the Pope's Summer residence here. The Pope urged the Poor Clares and another group of cloistered nuns he visited the same day to pray for the world Synod of Bishops, which opens in Rome Sept. 30. Pope Paul is expected to return to the Vatican by mid-September in order to prepare for the opening of the synod. Pope Paul described his visit to the Poor CIares as a "reply to the tacit objection which views cloistered nuns as 'emigrants' from the life, reality and experience of our times, and as persons and institutions out of date and passe." o

Then he asked: "Do you believe this objection?" The Vatican City daily, L'Osservatore Romano, describing the

scene, said "The 'no' of the nuns exploded spontaneously and sincerely." Pope Paul told the nuns: "You represent so many things which the Church appreciates and which the Second Vatican Council has reaffirmed. Faithful to your rule, to a life in common and to poverty, you are both a seed and a sign." The Pope had visited the same convent as a monsignor during World War II, when he was an aide to Pope Pius XII. Pope Pius sent Msgr. Montini in 1944 to console the nuns, whose convent had been hit in a bombard-' ment with the loss of 18 nuns. At that time Pope Pius said their sacrifice would result in a new burst of fruitful sanctity. Recalling the late Pope's words, L'Osservatore Romano said that "there are now about 40 nuns, almost all young."

We can change slowly and steadily if we set our will to it. -R.H. Benson

WASHINGTON (NC) -A research center at the Catholic University of America law school here will receice a $345,000 grant from the Ford Foundation. University officials said the Center for National Policy Review was established last year with a similar Ford Foundation grant. It reviews the racial implications of national policies, covering such issues as housing, schooling and employment. The data compiled is given to civil rights org~nizations as a base for legal action.


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Thurs., Sept. '16, 1971

Of Papal Visits

Ask Cancenation Of K of C Tax Exempt' Status WASHINGTON (NC)-Americans United for Separation of . Church and State. has asked the Internal Revenue Service to cancel the tax exempt status.of the Knights of Columbus. According (0 Glenn' L. Archer, AUSCS executive director, the Knights should be denied such status because of their announced national lobbying campaign to pass laws to provide financial·assistance to non public schools. In a letter to the Internal .Revenue Service, Archer noted that the AUSCS had its tax exemption canceled in 1969 for opposing "th!,! very kind of legislation the Knights were sponsor·ing." .If AUSCS had to lose its tax exemption for lobbying, it seemed' only fair that the knights should also lose theirs, Archer wrote. It was at the Knights of Columbus national dinner Aug. 17 in New' York, that President Nixon praised non public schools for the religious values they stress, saying that "as we see them "closing at the ra~e of one a day, we must resolve to stop that tr,end. and turn it around, and you can count on my support to do it." The National Education Association condemned the president's rem~rks as "a crass political maneuver to capture the Catholic vote in the nex.1: pr~si· dential election."

NURSERY'S NEWEST FRIEND: Archbishop Emmanuel K. Nsubuga of Uganda, East Africa greets one of the infanl~s in The Angel Guatdian Home, Brooklyn during his tour of the United States to recrl,lit personnel to assi~t in the educational, medical and technical work in his archdiocese, Present during the greeting are: Dr. Francis X. Frieri, medical director of the home and: Sr. Mary Maj ella, i home administrator. NC Photo.


.' :




Opposes 'Establishment of Black RiteAfrican Prelate on Naming Washington Ordinary ALBION (NC)-A black African bishop said here in Michigan that he opposes establishing a separate Catholic black rite' in the United States and the' appointmfmt of an archbishop for Washington, D. C., on the basis of race. '1-,', "._

Speaking ,informalIy

at· ·a

Cardinal' Conway .in New Appeal F'or Peace in Northern Ireland

• ~


ARMAGH (NC)-The "vicious seated political and social gri,evcircle of injustice, violence and ances for over 50 y~ars. It is repression in Northern Ireland shared by those who have inmust ,be broken, "Cardinal Wi!· dulged in excessive measures of liam Conway of Armagh said in a repression. new appeal for peace in this "But someone must brea,k ~his strife torn country. vicious circle of injustice, viaIn a special statement, the. lence and repression. I beg of Gatholic primate of AlI Ireland those people, few in number, calIed on those "who are seeking who are seeking a solution by a solution by violent means" to .violent means to pause· and reconsider what is likely to be flect' before God what it is they left "at the end of a ·trail of de- are about; to consider what this struction and death." vicious circle of which they are "At this time of .crises," Car- a part is doing to innocent peodinal Conway said, "it is impor- pIe, Catholic and .Protestant, in tant for people to think clearly terms of physical and mental and; above alI, to 'think ahead. suffering;' above alI to reflect on What lies ahead if the present what is lfkely to be left at the 'wave of violence and violent re- end of a trail of destruction and pression continues? That is the death." question .which everyone should Peaceful Means The people who are seeking be facing up to at the present time. . a solution by violent means haveVicious Cif'c~ absollitely no mandate from the "Anger and frustration have Irish pe0ple, the cardinal stated. . accumulated in the minority Moreover, their doctrine . has here over the past 50 years and been repudiated by all responhave reached a new peak as a sible political parties' and comresult of events in recent weeks. munity leaders throughout IreI share these emotions myself, land, he said. but no one should allow. anger "The current of opinion which and frustration, however natural sees the need for a new political' or ,justified, to cloud his reason framework for democracy in this or dim his Christian faith in the country is very strong, even 'in doctrine of love." Britain," Cardinal Conway as, ~. "We alI know that the present serted. '''Is 'this no't the time to wave of violence and repression give this opinion an opportunity could lea<;l to even greater suf- to bear fruit? ' feringand death," 'Cardinal Con-: "Foi' the sake of the suffering way said. "The responsibility: for people, I appeal to those- who are this is not all on one side. I't ,i~'seeking a solution by- violent shared by those who neglectecL '~eans to, for" God's sake, stop to remedy - or who turned a and give peaceful means a blind eye to-genuine and deep-' chance,"

luncheon in St. John's rectory, Archbishop Emmanei.11 ~ K. Nsubuga of Kampala, Uga,nda, said that an archbishop "should be appointed on the basis of his ability." He noted that lin Africa white there are . both black and I archbishops. I In Detroit last montH, the National Black Catholic U y Caucus . and the National Blac~ Catholic I Clergy Caucus called for the establishment of a separate black Catholic rite and the I appointment of a black archbishop to 'succeed Cardinal Patrick O'Boyle of Washington, D. c.,I·who offered his resignation to the Pope earlier this year for rbasons of


. I

It has not been acted upon. ,

Washington's populatidn is preI dominantly black,but few of the city's blacks are Catljolics. 'We Are Christians' Archbishop Nsubuga minimized arguments by lbdal clergymen that differing I cultural bac\l:grounds require i separate churches for different worship. "~e must do something to show people we are Christians," he ·1 . said. The 57-year-old archbishop has . I



Named to Apo~tolic . I " Delegation Staff ,

WASHINGTON (NC) - Msgr. Raymond T. Powers, k faculty member of St. Joseph's Seminary in Yonkers, N. Y., lias been named secretary at the ~postolic' : Delegation here. Hi~1 appointment was announced by Archbishop Luigi Raimondi, tapostolic delegate in the United States. A native of New ~ork, Msgr. Powers, 44, studied at St. Joseph's Seminary and I at the North American ColIege in Rome 1951. After and was ordained in • I ordination, he received a doctor. ate in theorogy from tHe Pontif, ical Gregorian Uni~~rsity 'in New York. ./ . Msgr. Powers was' a peritus, or consulting expert, i at the Second Vatican Council~ . I

ROME (NC) - Add Moscow and Northern Ireland to the growing list of places Pope Paul VI is supposedly going to visit. LO,ndon's Daily Express speculated Sept. 3 that the Pope would go to Northern Ireland Sept. 15 for a five-day visit with Cardfnal William Conway of Armagh. The, London Daily said the Pope would stay in Northern Ireland .without body guards as a plea for peace between Catholics and Protestants there.. At an ecumenical service in London Aug. 29, an Anglican clergyman has urged Pope_~ Paul and Anglican Archbishop Michael Ramsey of Canterbury to go toNorthern Ireland to help "ease the problems" there. L'Espresso, a left-wing Italian weekly, said in its Sept. 5 edition that the Pope will visit the Soviet Union 'next year. The article speculated that Father Pedro Arrupe, Spanishcborn superior generalof the Jesuits, prepared the groundwork for the 'papal visit. The Jesuit general is on a monthlong tour taking him to the Soviet Union, Indonesia, Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines. The Vatican press office, however, issued a denial of these two rumors. During the past two years the press has speculated that the Pope was invited to or was going to at least a dozen different countries.

been touring the United States since May to seek funds for the Shrine of the Holy Martyrs of .... Uganda" to obtain colIege and' Scientists Discuss university scholarships for Ugandans, and to recruit personnel to Nutrition Problems to work in educational, social, BAL HARBOR (NC) - Nutrimedical and technical fields in tion,- agriculture and food tech· Africa. nology are "runlJing a grim rac!!" . Archbishop. Nsubuga said Af· with human population' growth,' rica, is not 'experiencing the the president of the American, sharp drop in' religious vocations Institute ,of Nutrition said 'here found in the United States, with in Florida. Population growth in Latin few priests there leaving' the ministry. He said, that was be- America, where agricultural out-' cause African society is largely put dipped one-half per cent per rural and lacks communications year in 1966-69 and 1.4 per cent in 1969 itself, is triple the estimedia like those in the United mates for the more developed States~ countries of the world, Dr. Harry G. Day told 800 scientists atUrge H.ome Mission tending the third Western Hemisphere Nutrition Congress (Hemi




For England, Wales



LIVERPOOL (NC) - An' ecuThe purpose of Hemi III, sponmenical home mission. to bring 'sored by the American Medical the Christian message to En- Association's 'Couficil on Foods gland and Wales was urged ata ,and Nutrition and the American national conference' of diocesan Institute of Nutrition, was to clergy' here. Speakers at the gather a. wide variety. of experts week-long meeting claimed that in fields that have some relation about 80 per cent of the p'opu- to human nutrition.' . are lation of England and Wales "We have a responsibility to uncommitted Christians. society which is in the nature of One priest said that the Anbeing our brother's keeper," Dr. glican Church, because it is the Day told the Congress. "Also it established church, should take is our responsibility to merit and on the job of eval)gelism-and hold the respect of policy makers that it, is the. Roman Catholic in society and participate in polChurch's . "task to - colIaborate icy making as it concerns nutriwith them." tional welI being."

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Rt. 6 at The Narrows in North Westpor! Where The Entire Family Can Dine Economically FOR RESERVATIONS PHONE




Urge Rejection Of Modernism

Thuro;.. Sept. 16, 1971

Pope Paul Visits Famous Shrines

LONDON (NC)-The Catholic Priests' Association of England and Wales has asked the country's bishops for "clear, strong and unambiguous reaffirmation that the Church in thi" country will have no truck with Modernism" today. Modernism, condemned by Pope Pius XI, was a humanistic movement that urged the reinterpretation of the Bible, dogma and other Church teachings according to new developments in science and philosophy. The association, which claims to represent 1,300 of the 7,500 priests in the country, said it wants to see the Pope's authority reemphasized. The group charged that many priests may be refusing to accept the authority of the bishops because the bishops themselves have not given "complete submission to the directions of the Holy Father."

NAMED TO SYNOD: Pope Paul VI has man to official functions at the 1971 world Msgr. George G. Biggins and Rev. Barnabas James Norris, right, will serve as assistant to justice. NC Photo.

The association said that the bishops have been silent in the face of the most obstinate refusal of certain Catholics to accept the magisterium (teaching authority) of the Church.

synod on "ex officio," or unWASHINGTON (NC)-Acting official, basis. on the recommendation of the Father Ahern, who lives and U. S. bishops, Pope Paul VI has works in Rome, and Msgr. Higappointed two American priests gins, an experienced laborand a layman to official funcmanagement mediator and vettiOlls at the 1971 world synod in eran columnist of NC News Rome. !'Iiimed synod auditors after Service, have known each other more than 30 years. Both did they were chosen by the bishops graduate work in 1940 at Cathfrom a list of 10 candidates were Msgr. George G. Higgins, direc-. olic University of America and,. during the four years of the tor of the urban life division at Vatican II Council, worked tothe United States Catholic Conference here, and father Barna- , gether closely as consultants to bas Ahern, Passionist priest who the American bishops. Auditor, Not Spokesman is a widely recognized theologian and scripture scholar and a In a statement after hisapmember of the Vatican's inter- pointment was made known, national theological commission. Msgr. Higgins, whose column Both men' were in Rome during appears weekly in The Anchor, the 1969 synod. said he agreed with critics that no James Norris, assistant direc- one priest could possibly claim tor of the Conference New York- to represent the American clergy based overseas aid agency, Cath- at the synod "even if democrat- _ olic Relief Services, and a mem- ically elected by his peers, as I ber of the Pontifical CommisSion was not." ".1 'do not pretend to be able on Justice and Peace, was appointed assistant to the synod's to 'represent' the American special secretariat on world clergy or any segment of the justice. American clergy at the synod," Justice and the priesthood are he said. Msgr. Higgins said he the ,two topics which the synod, would 'be going as an auditor or a gathering of delegated bishops "listener" and not as spokesman from alI parts of the world, will discuss for a month or more Advocate Church, starting Sept. 30. The new appointments bring State Separation to 12 the number of Americans HELSINKI (NC)-A proposal with direct or indirect participa- for the separation of Church and tory roles at the synod. Last state in Finland is now being' April, the country's 290 bishops studied by the Social Democrats, elected four of their colIeagues the country's stronge'st political as their delegates to the synod- party. Cardinals John Dearden of DeThe Social Democrats have troit, John Krol of Philadelphia generalIy favored such separaand John Carberry of St. Louis, tion for a long time, but the and Coadjutor Archbishop Leo plan suggested by a special party Byrne of St. Paul-Minneapolis. committee is the first fermal proThey also chose two alternates, posal they have seriously conArchbishops John Whealon of sidered for action. Two members Hartford' and Joseph McGucken of the sponsoring committee are of San Francisco. clergymen of the state-supported Consultants at Council Lutheran Church. About 98 perPope Paul, acting on his right cent of the population is Lutherto make personal 'appointees of an. his own, last month named Bish_The plan recommends that the op William Baum of Springfield- Lutheran Church be completely Cape Girardeau, Mo" as a synod 'independent,. without either govdelegate. . ernment support or restrictions, Also attending the synod from except that decisions of the the United States will be church synod be ratified by the Archbishop Ambrose Senyshyn, government. Ukrainian archeparch of PhilaChurch taxes on business, delphia, and Archbishop Stephen which account for 14 percent of J. Kocisko, Ruthenian arch- total church income, would be eparch of MunhalI (Pittsburgh). abolished. The President's right Major archbishops of the Eastern to appoint bishops would also be rites of Catholicism attend the ended.

In a letter to the bishops the association said that Modernism has spread far and wide throughr-· out the Church today. The group said also that there is an "extensive teaching in catechetical .'~:' centers and certain colIeges of ': doctrine which is in direct con,A,. flict with the Magisteriuni of the ~:..Church." ' :




P'riest Defends Evicted Peasants MOOVATTUPUZHA (NC) Controversial Father Joseph Vadakkan has resumed his fight against the Kerala state government here in India over the eviction of poor families from their homes and cro\?-bearing fields. Father Vakakkan, who founded the Peasants' and Workers' Party to counter similar evictions in the past, indicted the Kerala government for violating "basic commitments" toward people who are shelterless. The Kerala police reportedly removed 500 poor families from sites earmarked for a hydro,electric project. After· a 'tour of the area, Father Vadakkan described the miseries of the evicted families as they huddled beneath trees on the roadside in drenching monsoon rains. He said paddy, tapioca and banana crops valued at about $40,000 were being destroyed by wikl elephants and pigs. Yet the affected 'land was meant to be distr·ibuted to the poor, the priest said.

Canada's Audttors OTTAWA (NC) - The general secretariat of the Canadian Catholic Conference has announced the names of two priests who will go to the 1971 synod' of bishops in Rome as their country's priest-auditors. Chosen were Father Edmund Roche, director of the CCC National office for the English clergy, and Father Yvan Desrochers, director of the CCC national office for the French clergy.




appointed two American priests and a laysynod in Rome. From left to right: Rev. Ahern, CP, will be synod auditors and the synod's special secretariat on world

Names Three Americans to Synodal Roles' Pope Appoints Two Priests and One Layman to Posts for a constituency. While he will speak only for himself if called upon' at the synod, he added, he will nevertheless ·try to "convey to the synodal delegates my own understanding, such as it is, of the varying points of view which have been expressed on these matters by different segments of the American clergy." Msgr. Higgins said he would be glad to meet before the synod, if time allows, with organizations and groups· wanting to brief him on their outlook concerning synod topics. Bishops Vote He and Father Ahern were nominated auditors in a vote among American bishops. The bishop of each U. S. diocese submitted in June up to three candidates, either diocesan or religious-order priests. The Conference of Major Superiors of Men also were asked to submit the names of religious-order priests. All the names suggested were reviewed by a seven-man committee, which selected five diocesan priests and five religiousorder priests from the total. All the bishops got the list of 10 candidates and voted for one priest in each of the two categories. The committee was composed .of three bishops (Charles Helmsing of Kansas City-St. Joseph, Mo., John May of Mobile, Bernard - Flanagan of Worcester) and four priests (Fathers Kevin O'Rourke of Dubuque, Iowa, and Gerard Rooney of Shrewsbury, both Passionists, and Rollins Lambert of Chicago, and Msgr. Henry McMurrough of Madison, Wis.).

CASTELGANDOLFO (NC) Pope Paul VI motored 25 miles Wednesday to visit shrines made famous by St. Benedict, the sixthcentury founder of the Benedil;:tines. The Pope visited the cave, known as Sacro Speco, where St. Benedict lived for three years as a hermit before founding his first monastery and writing the religious rule that was to forge monastic life for centuries. The-Pope then stopped at the monastery of S1. Scholastica, St. Benedict's sister. Later the Pope went to Subiaco, where he said Mass in the village basilica for the townspeople and officials of the region. The Pope was escorted by Italian police on t.he drive from his Summer residence here in the Alban hills to Subiaco, about 50 miles east of Rome. Pope 'John XXIII had~ visited the same shrines in 1960. Among other monasteries founded by Benedict is the famous Monte Cassino where the saint died around 550.


Says Church Condones Apartheid LONDON (NC) - The Church in South Africa and Rhodesia is condoning racial segregation, said a British-born Franciscan priest under house arrest in South Africa- for his outspoken opposition to that country's racist policies. ' In an article in the Guardian, a British national daily, 35-yearold Father Cosmas Desmond described recent expulsions and harrassments of clergy and other Religious in southern Africa. "The Church itself," 'he ~aid, "by its comparative silence about these expulsions, is at least condoning apartheid (strict racial segregation) and conforming to the government's definition of religion.' "Perhaps when others openly chalIenge the apartheid ideqlogy and so lead to even greater persecution, the leaders of the Church may realize what is happening and stand by their principles." AnLEBORO'$

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TH~ ANCHOR-Di9cese of Foil River-Thurs. Sept. 16. 1971

New :Regulation For CO Status

Pastors, Parents Evaluate Religious Education ~ffort This time· of year signals renewed hope in religfous education. Parents listen eagerly each Fall as coordinators a,nd pastors describe upcoming CCD programs in hopeful language. Pastors view the year optimistically because of the number of volunteer teachers. Children generally of religious education in our and in our families. For appear anxious to give the Church the first time in decades, maybe new program a try. As the even in history, pastors and year wears on, however, hopes falter. Volunteer teachers give up or move 'and children begin complaining, "Do we have to go to CCD today?" At the end of


".,~ to··


-parents alike are evaluating our parish efforts. We're coming up with near zero, granted, but I'm not so sure we would have fared better in earlier times. Then we simply didn't think it a problem because our children's needs were not so great and the national rejection By of Church and search for belief was not "quite so obvious in our DOLORES young. Our parents and. grandparents CURRAN· never questioned the effectiveness of our rote catechetical lessons. They didn't 'need to because they were able to control the influences in their children the year, no one talks about it very much, generally conceding lives. If they didn't like a friend or a magazine they simply elimthat the high hopes of the Fa!1 inated it from the home. Many have been unmet. Catholic families never knew a What happens between those.' divorced person, for example. high hopes of the Fall beginnings New Culture and the emptiness of Spring endings? Although each parish All that has changed dramaticaltends to view its failures as unique and searches desperately ly. It's 'i!ppossible to control the around for a new text· or new influences in our homes today. coordinator; the malaise is wide- Television alone brings in subjects unspoken in our day, from spread and general. prostitution to My Lai to drugs I'm struck by the dichotomy to love-in. in one half-hour .pro-' of the situation. I attend a good gram. Obviously the old ways of number of national catechetical teaching catechism can't work. congresses and while the enthu- If they did work, we should siasm and expertise of present question even more their effecday catechists is at an ali-time tiveness. high, the pessimism back home So, this leaves us with an old is at an all-time low. I, and others like me involved in cate- Church in a new culture-a situchetics, find ourselves asking, ation hardly new to an institu"Can present parish structures tion which has embraced many . 'work?" If the answer is yes, then new cultures in its 2000 years. , . _why aren't they working? If it We in catechetics are searchis no, then what new structures ing for effective ways to present . '- are on the horizon? . the Christian Catholic message to today's childreri. We haven't Parents Interested made much progress .in the'"past Because of wide interest in five years, not because we their children's religious educa- haven't done the research or tion, parents are beginning to haven't used vision, but because· take an increasingly active inter- of the la~k of understanding on est. Instead of just complaining the part of parents and clergy abou~programs, they're asking, who still think the only way to "What can I do to supplement learn something is the way they . my child's religious education?" learned it. Every time I write a column on religious ed, I .get mail from 'In Hands of God' parents indicating their interest This isn't true of' religion alone. Witness the tremendous and asking for help.' So, .1.Jecause Fall is the natural parental opposition to new math,' time for renewed hopes and be- flexible scheduling, open concept cause most of my readers are schools, ·consoli.dation of schools· parents, I plan to take the next and, I suppose way back then,: . few weeks to explore this puz- to the printing press itself. zling dilemma we seem to be in. Likewise, many catechists, In this first column, I plan to pastors and nuns haven't kept open up the catechetical situa- up with today's children. I have tio!).·· as it exists today.Subse- a dittoed mailing on my desk quent columns will deal with the from a priest who wrote his paremerging idea that we shouldn't ish parents, "All we need .do to be teaching our children religion ., insure the faith of a child is to at all=--a new wrinkle in the al- see that he attends weekly Mass, ready worrisome fabric of reli- Communion, and CCD. The rest gious ed; with the need for re- is in the hands of .God." Parents medial religious education for. don't believe that at all. We parents; and with specific helps know too many children who .which only the parish and/or were raised on that spiritual diet who left it.when they left home. diocese can give. .~. So w.\1at.·do we do (besides Hopeful for Future " ...' ;'J pray a lot)? Next week we'll take In spite of what I've said here, a took at what doesn't work and' . remain hopeful for !he f~ture why.




New Vaticat;l Press Relations Head Favors Spiri~ of Openness VATICAN CITY (NO) - An American priest who Jon wide respect from newsmen\ for his. skill as English-language press spokesman at the! Vatican Council has been named to the Vatican's highest communica.1. tions post. . . Pope Paul VI appointed Father Edward L. Hestori,!64-yearold Holy Cross priest, the new president of the Pontific~1 Commission for Socilil Codmunications. He succeeds Ardhbishop Martin J. O;Connor, 71, !formerIy of Scranton, Pa., and is expected to be made a titiJlkr arch. \ bishop soon. The commission hasresponsibility for the Church~s r~lations with film, press and television, as well as direction of the Holy See's press office. I . The new head of Vatican press relations, vacationing in his hometown, Notre Darnel Ind., when his appointment ~as cannounced in Rome, favors; ~n antisecret spirit of openness ih dealing with the world pre~s-in­ c1uding . direct live coverkge of the 1971 Synod of Bishobs. In. keeping with his neW role, Father Hes'ton immediatel~ held a news conference at the Notre Dame University campus. His selection by Pope Paulas\ president of the P,ontifical Commission on Social Communications was simultaneously anrl06nced at Notre Dame. \ I . I Need for Cooperation I . The best approach lot the Church is· "to be open, n6t insisting on secrecy and confidentiality as in the past," hel told his listeners. ;, II The Holy Cross priest said he felt some prog~ess has Ibeen made in improving the pre~s relations of the Church d~spite some "gunshyness." \ He -said there was more I and more realization of the need for cooperation in the informational and educational channel ~hich Vatican officials see in the 'ptess.



WASHINGTON (NC)-A man's belief in a supreme being is no longer a prerequisite for him to . be given the 'military status of conscientious objector (co). Under a new Pentagon directive, implementing a 1970 Supreme Court decision, servicemen may base applications for discharge as a co on "solely moral and ethical beliefs even though the applicant himself may not characterize these beliefs as religious in the traditional sense, or may expressly characterize them as not religious." The new regulation, signed by Deputy Defense Secretary David M. Packard, requires the armed services to consider applications for co status even if the applicant's beliefs were formed after he r'eceived an induction notice and before actual induction. The revised directive provides the armed services with more definitive guidelines and incorporates the Supreme Court's decision in the case of Welsh v. United States. In that case, the court ruled that all who have a strong moral or ethical objections to military duty .may be exempted from military service as long as their beliefs are deeply held and are not based on expediency.

Father Heston has barely Catholic Conference three weeks to prepare for press coverage of the world synod of Director Resigns LANSING (NC) - Francis J. bishops in Rome starting Sept. 30. He held oilt some hope for Coomes, executive director of .;,' direct access to synod sessions, the Michigan' Catholic Confer, noting that the use of Latin had. ence, has resigned,-..: effective precluded that during the Vati- Sept. 30, to enter business. Coomes, 42, has been execu.'· :" can II Council, where he served as English-language press officer. tive director of MCC since it "The fact that the real work was organized' by the Catholic of the synod will be done in small bishops of Michigan in 1963 to -language groups, with simultane- represent the Church in areas 'of ous translation available for re- public affairs. social services, edports to the general session, ucation, social action and comcasts new light on the question . munications.. of direct access," he said, adding that briefing officers can be an adequate press link if they are competent enough.


Has New Ideas Father Heston said his letters of appointment indicated a more active role for the commission, which grew out of a Vatican office established in 1952. "A need is felt," he said, "for someone who can speak authoritatively for the Holy See-presenting, explaining and interpreting Vatican announcements and documents." 'x Such a spokesman, he noted, would go a long way toward eliminating the elaborate unofficial network of sources which now filters news out of the Vatican. . "'I t.hink they are ready to listen to some new ideas in Rome," he said, "oth.erwise they wouldn't have appointed me." Fr. Heston said, in response to a question, that his letters of appointment indicated he would be elevated to the rank of titular archbishop. He said he did not know when that would be forthcoming.


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Four Dioces·an Superiors At Atlanta Conference Four major superiors of con- reality and pick up responsibility gregations of religious women in on meeting society's needs. The sisters during the conventhe Diocese of Fall River were among the 600 representatives tion changed the name of their attending the Conference of Ma- group from the Conference of jor Superiors of Women held in Major Superiors of Women to the Leadership Conference of Atlanta last week. The quartet of local represent- Women Religious (LCWR). They atives were: Sr. Grace Donovan, passed resolutions calling for SUSC, Holy Union of the Sacred representation of women (lay Hearts; Sr. Anna Rose Harring- and religious) at the world Synton, SP, Sisters of Providence; od of Bishops opening this Sr. Almerinda Cost'a, SSD, Sis- month in Rome, ters of St. Dorothy; Sr. Estelle They also asked for involveSantarpia, SSJ, Sisters of St. Jo- ment of women' Religious in deseph, veloping pastoral statements on Representing the nation's 160,- policies affecting Catholic 'edu000 nuns, the assembly in the cation in the United States and Georgia capital was urged to membership by American nuns speak out on moral and social in the Vatican Congregation for issues. Religious, as well as the active If they do, they were told, they participation of sisters - in the can have just as powerful a voice revision of canon law. as consumer advocate Ralph Na-' They called for collaboration with the Conference of Major der. Sister Sara Butler of Mobile Superiors of Men and the Canon told the Conference of Major Law Society of America in workSuperiors of Women meeting: ing out due-process structures re"One wishes that American lating to Religious women and Sisters would give a more clear- questions of transfers between cut witness to the demands of congregations. The newly named Leadership the gospel-by actual corporate poverty, by the repudiation of Conference of Women Religious war, of violence as a means of also passed a resolution encoursocial control, by their identifi- aging congregations to sponsor cation with the cause of the poor low to moderate~income housing and oppressed in our society, by for families and the elderly, with nuns to provide management of th~ir zeal for justice, by their international horizons-by their such programs. The superiors abandoment to the will of God said they saw this as a form of and joyous freedom in obedienc'e - new ministry for sisters. ' to Him," Another resolution approved Sister Butler told the six-day the conference's participation in a group called Sisters Uniting. <' 'o~: convention which ended Sept. 11 ;' that she is "afraid our (nuns) Five national sisters' organizapublic image is' still very much tions have now pledged cooperathat of middle-class people tion with each other and colbound up with institutional con- laboration on important issues cerns and hobbled by anxiety that affect all sisters and their service to the world. The groups over self-preservation." That image, she added, "is be- are: National Assembly of. Woginning to change at the grass- men Religious, National Sisters roots level. When will more wo- Vocation Conference, National men of courage and leadership Coalition of American Nuns, National Sister Formati9n Conferrole~ join Sister Luke Tobin, Sister )oques Egan and Mother Ter- ence, and now the Leadership esa?" The three have become Conference of Women Religious. Sister Martin de Porres Grey, prominent through social action. Although Sister Butler said chairman of the National Black that nuns "who are insecure will Sisters Conference, called for a not and ought not be bullied Tribunal for Black Religious Afinto jumping on a bandwagon fairs at the convention. Such a for some cause they do not un- tribunal, she said, would deal with the problems of progressive o, derstand," she issued a plea for sisters to "distinguish themselves black sisters who are in white by staying with their ministry, congregations. She explained that it would past the point of division to the point of reconciliation, witness- implement grievance procedures, ing in their local communities a call for the rights of the black spirit of true charity born of nuns, support liberation, serve prayerfulness, humility, compas- as a mediator between black sission and service." ters and white communities, and Sister Butler was one of sev- serve as an organ for thesurvieral speakers wno encouraged val of black nuns in white conthe religious women to probe gregations.

Tenants,Hospital Settle Dispute



Commends New Roman Missal VATICAN (NC)-A papal letter urged priests to study and meditate on the new Roman Missal, described as the "fundamental expression of the prayer of the Church." This advice was in a papal letter written by the. papal secretary of state, Cardinal Jean Viilot, to' the 22nd Italian Liturgical Conference, The new Roman missal, a postVatican II revision of the fourcenturies-old Missal published after the Council of Trent, contains the Biblical readings, prayers and other liturgical texts to

b'e used in the Mass duririg the Church year. Only part of the texts is now in use in the United States, pending full translations to be finished in 1972. Cardinal Villot, writing in the name of Pope Paul VI, said the entire new Missal "affirms the youthfulness of the Church." If priests will study and meditate on the new missal, the letter said, "it will enable them to understand how it is both possible and necessary to search out the style and spirit of liturgical prayer without turning to an arbitrary creative form which is out of place."


THE ANCHORThurs., Sept. 16, 1971

OPEN HOUSE AND TEA: Rev. John J. Steakem, left, assistant, and Rev. John F. Hogan, right, pastor view baptismal font with Mrs. Robert Ponte, president of Ladies Guild, and Mrs. Lawrence A. Weaver, chairman of the open house and tea held on Sunday afternoon in the parish hall of St. Julie's Parish, No. Dartmouth.

Cathol ic OfficiaI Says Government EducationeJl Policy Inconsistent 'WASHINGTON (NC) - The government is inconsistent in its educational policy, showing some concern for children in parochial schools but setting arbitrary limits to that concern, an official of the U. S. Catholic Conference said here. _ In a letter in the Washington Post, Russell Shaw, director of the USCC's National Catholic Office of Information, emphasized that the government has an obligation to "provide for and protect the educational opportunity of all children." "Compulsory school attendance laws, which apply equally to children whether they attend parochial or public schools, are one example among many of the way in which it meets its obligation to all," he said. "For no very clear reason, however, it sets arbitrary limits to its role and says, for instance, that while it can pay for textbooks which these children study, it cannot pay for the salaries of teachers who use the textbooks as instructional tools. This is not only inconsistent; it is a failure to follow through on a serious obligation to promote the educational well-being of all children alike."

particular church and established for the express purpose of educating children in the light of particular religious doctrines. The purpose is, in fact, to accomplish by indirection what is acknowledged to be constitutionally impermissible if done directly." 'Bad Policy' The state, said the newspaper, may decide that the way to fulfill its obligation to provide for the education of all children is, through public schools under the close supervision of publicly elected or appointed boards of education. While privately supported schools are free to foster certain religious ideas, the state cannot directly or indirectly foster such ideas, the Post added. Giving each child a stipend for education, the paper argued, would be extremely bad public policy. It would lead to the proliferation of "cult" schools and to the destruction of the public school system. "Every dollar contributed to a child for use in a private school would diminish the funds available for public schools." 0

Post Replies

NEW YORK (NC)-Qfficials of Columbus Hospital, bowing to community pressure and the threat of a lawsuit, settled their differences with a citizens' group here and-agreed to renovate two hospital-owned apartment buildings it had planned to demolish. The settlement ended a dispute that had smoldered since May 1970 when the Catholic hospital began to evict tenants from the 48-unit buildings in order to build a 27-car parking lot, as part of a $39.7 million expansion program. The agreement will allow some 20 remaining tenants to continue living in the two buildings. The hospital will make renovations so there will be no building code violations. It agreed to withdraw all dispossession actions and renew the lease of one tenant. AIl outstanding suits and legal actions by tenants in the dispute have been discontinued. Construction of a new 16-story hospital tower building, to be opened in late 1973, is continuinli. The hospital is run by the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart, founded by St. Frances Cabrini. 0

Australian Bishop's Ten Commandments ADELAIDE (NC) - Anglican Bishop Thomas T. Reed of Adelaide has published Ten Commandments for drivers in the Adelaide Church Guardian: Thou shalt hold only the steering wheel. Thou shalt not make a god of thy horsepower. Thou shalt not take the center line, in vain. Remember the driver behind you to help him pass thee. Thou shalt fasten thy seat

belt. Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not commit inebri~ ated driving. Thou shalt not steal thy neighbor's eyes with thy headlights, his ears with thy horn, nor his ' enjoyment with thy litter. Thou shalt not bear false witness with thy signals. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's right of way. Keeping those commandments, Bishop Reed said, could go a long way toward saving lives.

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In an editorial replying to Shaw's letter, the Post said the distinction between aid to religious schools and aid to children who choose to attend religious schools "seems to us contrived and more semantic than real."

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The editorial said that Shaw seems to be suggesting that we finance education through a cumbersome device of giving a stipend to each child instead of , , offering to all children equally schools constructed, staffed and ,, J. TESER, Prop. , equipped in conformity with : RESIDENTIAL : publicly approved standards." : INDUSTRIAL : The purpose of this proposal, : COMMERCIAL: the paper said" "is to maintain at , 253 Cedar St., New Bedford' public expense a parochial , 993-3222 , school system governed by a

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Other Students' Sandwiches Alwa·ys More Appealing? By Joseph and Marilyn Roderick


As any man knows who has a· working wife .there are concessions that have to be made in the normal household routine once said wife goes back to work and the children go back to school. In my case the largest concession is in making lunches, a chore which I do not look Meals must be planned, in adforward to with relish. My vance, for nothing is more frustrating to the homemaker ~ho dislike of the task is based returns home' tired, late in the largely on the fact that I always' afternoon, than to start a meal detested lunches when I was in and realize that your cabinets school. No matter how my will not yield the ingredients, or mother tried, I would end up dis- to realize (at 3 o'clock in the carding half the lunch. 'So now afternoon) that you' forgot to when I pack a·lunch, I remember take. the .meat out of the my own harrowing experiences freezer (this' generally happens (it always' seemed that everyone on a. Wednesday'~here there is had a good lunch but me, which not a store in, your area open). While no one (other than my of course, wasn't true). The children do not do much'~'mother) could hold me up as an complaining but I get word now .organized hom'emaker' I have' and then that they trade or give started to make 'my ,menu ·out away half their'lunches. The one for. the week after I 'return to problem I c<:tnnot overcome 'is school and work. I find that if that of them with I plan at least one interesting some variety'within their limited item on the menu each day it tastes. How much can you do keeps my spirits up and my with bologna or peanut bu.tter family's morale high as well. for a sandwich? If I can only keep up this adThe only time I really get vanced planning I find that. it, complaints is when I'try to be keeps frayed nerves and fussy clever and creative. Jason, espe- appetites at a minimum. .cially resents any attempt at cuiDuring a week when I get to inary adventure. Last year I was spend a few evenings at home, I afraid that by Mayor so he was find that there is an opportunity going to turn into a peanut but. to mix up a meatloaf (the .only tel' and jelly sandwich. I had trouble is I'm the only one who visions of squeezing him and likes it), make a pudding, or simmer a stew-all of this of course watching the jelly ooze out, takes advanced planning and Lunch Exchanging buying. Well you know what they I would hate to total up the cost of lunches. What with a say about the best laid plans but sandwich (using a different kind each September I make a whole of roll every day), a candy bar, a batch of new resolutions, get out good piece of fruit, a piece of my recipes and my shopping list cheese and some sort of raw and start my meal planning. While this isn't a dish that I vegetable. Add to that the cost, serve very often during the ordiand a ridiculously high cost it is, for luncheon meats, and I think nary work week it certainly ou'r' lunches must run about 50 would be an easy and delicious dish that could spark up the cents per child a day. mO!$t mundane meal. The real At any rate the new year has reason I'm "Printing it now is .b~gun and lam once again sadbecause my mother-in-law made dled with the thankless task of them for a recent party I had preparing lunches which no one and everyone asked for the enjoys and which end up in other recipe. Rather than have. her children's stomachs. I' just hope write it down for only. a few those parents who are preparing people we felt that printing it in the lunches which end up in my the column would enable us to children's hlnch boxes appreciate get to many. the fact that I am equally appreThis. is a great appetizer or ciativ.e. ,of t,he effort they are ex- . hoI' d'ouevres. pending to feed my kids. I just hope they do a' better job with Baked Stuffed Clams ,lunches than I do because I 1 can chopped, or minced ; ~OIild hate to think that 'my clams, drained with liquid kids weren't having a good lun~J1. reserved 3 Tablespoons butter In the Kitchen 2 Tablespoons onions September is here and once 2 Tablespoons of flour more we return to a routine. The salt and pepper to taste children are back in school-and paprika . so is mother. No more will I be 6 small quahog shells' 1) In a saucepan melt the butable to wonder casually at 10 o!clock in the morning "what tel' and add the chopped onion will I have for dinner this eve- cooking over low heat until onning?" and then drive down to ions are transparent. the fish market and 'pick up a 2) Add the flour and blend , nice fresh filet. I'll have to wait well. for weekends before I can once 3) Add the clam juice, which again enjoy the pleasure of stop- has been heated and cook and ping at .my favorite vegetable stir until thickened. stand and picking out the choic4) Add the chopped clams and est vegetables and fruits for our season with sait .and 'pepper. evening meal. September means Spoon into the empty shells and school, work, and above'. all:~,a' .., sprinkle with buttered ·crumbs. need far planning if· a working ,.'",.Shake 'paprika 'over, and wife and mother is .goingto"· place in' a' 400 oven ·to heat maintain any semblance of order 'through anq brown: 'Made be' in her home. ." made ahead and reheated. 0

VINCENTIANiRETRlEAT: Vincentians of Diocese' attend---retreat at La Salette Center of Christian Li~ing, Attleboro.. With Rev.IArthur Bourgeois, retreat' master, are, left, Edouard Lacrbik, St~ Dominic parish, Swansea; Hervey I Fredette, St. Fran~i~-Xavier, Acushnet; John Casserly, St. Theresa, South Attleboro; Robert McGuirk, St. Joseph, . I l North DIghton; Edward Kennedy, St. Joseph, Taunton.' I



Ba'rrio School Los AngelJs Trains Priests to Work In Mexitan-American p'arishes . I

LOS ANGELES (NC) -'- A miniature Catholic University of the Barrio is again opehing here to teach priests somethihgof the culture, language and Iproblems of Mexican-Americans. It was first opened last year by the Los Angeles ar9hdiocese ,and had an enrollment of 110 priests. Of these, 44 we~e recommended for assignment to Mexican-American pari'shes. I The barrio school for priests is directed by Dolores Quevedo, a professional teacher' with 22 years' experience. She is aided by two Eucharistic Franciscan Missionary Sistel's from Mexico and! by six women who can teach, but speak no English and immedi~tely require students to put their Span-. I ish lessons to use. The priests who volunteer to attend classes will st~dy not





only Spanish grammar and con· versation, but also Mexitan spir. I , .I . CoHege Students' l?astorAppoint~d

, WORCESTER (NC)-A vicar

fot college communities has been

appointed here by Bishbp BerI nard J;Flanagan of Worcester. I . He is Father Peter J.Scanlon, who will be "pastor" of all Catholics studyjng. or residing at the 18 C~tholic and secular I college campuses in Worcester County, Bishop Flanagan sai~. . Father Scanlon, administrator of the Ne\yman Divisionl of the diocesan department ~f I education, will also "exercise pastoral care for the spouses arid chil. dren"of students and oth~r Catholics living on college c'ampuses, the bishop added. ! . Bishop . Flanagan' said I he is convinced the vicariate l'tllill provide' "more effective and caordi. nated pastoral . care 'for the 'growing, ,m:iinber . of Catholic young people on our cal!lpuses:"



ituality, Mexican customs and Mexican history, the M~xican family, the education of Mexican-American· children, the Mexican·American parish. They will also study the preperation of sermons in' Spanish, Scripture readings and discussiems in Spanish, and how to hear confessions and counsel in Spanish. folklor~.

They will also learn barrio terminology, something to be 'found in no grammar and to be learned only by experience. Barrio terminology is a mixture of Anglicized Spanish and. Latinized English. For example: "Vamos alshow. Parkea tu carro en frente de tu chante. -Despues comemos hot dogs." This means: "Let's go to the show. Park your car in front of your house ('chante' from ·shanty'). Afterwards we'll eat hot dogs,"





SAN FRANCISCO (NC) ...... A 101-year-old priest says he is surprised it took the Church so long to change.. "Now it is better than before," he is convinced. Father George M. Trunk says he is happy about the reduced fasting before Communion, revisions in the reading of the breviary and changes in the liturgy. But he draws the line on some things, remarking t~t it is "fool· ishness" for a priest to think about getting married. "We are in a crisis of· selfishness," Father Trunk says, "and a priest should not be foolish or selfish." . He thinks that in the future only mel1 and women with "very -high ideals" will become priests and nuns. .I Pope Leo ,XIII was the reignrng pontiff when Father Trunk ~ecame a priest in 1895. He observed his 11)I st birthday 'on Sept. 1. "0J'!e change. causes another~" says Father Trunk, admitting that he is still uns.ure about some of the new things in the Church. "I am used to the old times when things were stated and that was that," he says. Father Trunk still says daily Mass and takes a morni}ig and afternoon walk at Nativity parish here. He has written a column for the weekly newspaper ,Amerikanski Slovene for 47 years. Father Vital Vodusek, pastor of Nativity since 1939, says that Father Trunk's mind "is very Jresh." He adds that the elderly . priest is an avid reader of book~, ,::;: magazines and newspapers. " ',0. Nativity is a national parish for Slovenes and Croats, two of the three Catholic nationalities in Yugoslavia. Father Trunk, a Slovene, came to the United" States in 1920 and became a citizen six years later.

Montie Plumbing & Heating Co. Over 35 Years of Satisfied Service' Reg. Master Plumber 7023 JOSEPH RAPOSA, JR. . 806 NO. MAIN STREET, Fall River _ 675-7497


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 16,1971

Labor Day Still Significant ,For American Workers'

Protest Internment

in ,our society.




MSGR. GEORGE G. HIGGINS My recollection is that,' over the years, the local punditscolumnists, editorial writers, et ai-have tended, by and large, to say pretty much the same thing. That is to say, they have taken the line that while Labor Day, in an earlier period in our history; might have served the useful purpose of dramatizing the plight of the poor disadvantaged workers, it has ,long since become a rather nondescript national holiday (the last chance to take the kids to the mountains or the beach before they return to school) and has lost most of its original meaning or significance. This year was no exception, judging, at least, from my own sampling of San Francisco' and Los Angeles papers over the recent Labor Day weekend. As I write this column (in a Los Angeles hotel) I have in front of me a collection of five editorials and columns which, with one exception, are so similar in tone as well as in content that, for all practical purposes, they might well have been written by one and the same person. Their mess~ge is two-fold and, it seems to me, somewhat contradictory: (1) that the working people of this country in 1971 are doing quite well for themselves and (2) that the labor movement, which poses' as the champion of the workingman, has lost its sense of social mission and is resting comfortably on its laurels. One Exception For present purposes, I am not concerned about the latter point. It will be up to the labor movement to handle that one on its own. I do think, however, that the first point (namely that Labor Da~ has lost its original meaning because American workers in 1971 are doing so well for themselves) proves nothing except that the pundits' who mechanically turn out this kind of stuff every Labor Day are living in comfortable air, conditioned ivory towers and' are simply not aware of what's going on down below. The one exception in my own limited salTlpling of West Coast papers over the recent Labor Day weekend was a column in the Los Angeles Times by Ernest B. Furgurson. I assume that Mr. Furgurson, as a nationally syndicatedcolumnist, IS r.easonably affluent and could; 'if he were so

to the trouble of doing a little homework in the sun-baked fields of the San Joaquin Valley. Sad Economic Plight He drove from Los Angeles to Delano, Calif.-the headquarters of the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee - and found, on the basis of uncomfortable first-hand experience, that while the word labor "does not connote the underdog any more, not to most of us," it does ·iridee'd connote the underdog in/ the field of agricultural labor. "The temperature in the valley," Mr. Furgurson reported, "has been up around 100 every day this past week. To know that men are working hard in that heat, and still trying to win the right to bargain as a union for things long ago taken . for granted by other workers ..." might be a real eye-opener, he say,s, for the more affluent members of established unions who "now that they have theirs, as the saying goe.s, are only interested in adding to it, in the form of boats, second cars, third TVs and expanding waistlines" and who couldn't care less about the plight of farm workers or other disadvantaged groups of workers in the so-called marginal industries and trades. What Mr. Furgurson says, in this connection, about farm workers could also be said, of course, about millions of other Spanish-speaking workers in a dozen major cities and, needless to add, about the majority of Black workers as well. His own concern about the sad economic plight of these workers does credit to his sense of justice and equality. Honorable Exception My only criticism of his column is that he directs all of his fire at the so-called "haves" in the American labor movement and says nothing at all about the members of his own profession (and other professions as well) who are much better off, from every point of view, than the majority of blue collar and white collar workers in the organized industries and trades. There is no doubt about the fact that affluence (which, of course, is a relative term) tempts all of us to ignore the plight of those less fortunate than ourselves. Many trade unionists, I am sure, have succumbed to this~ temptation, but, as an avid newspaper reader, I have the' impression that well-to-do columnists and editorial writers tend to 'be even more indifferent to the plight of the underdogand, by and large, with much less reason-than is the average trade unionist. Mr. Furgurson, let me repeat, is an honorable exception to this rule. I might add that he almost single-handedly restored my faith in the Fourth Estate as I sampled its wares on the West Coast over the recent Labor Day week'end. '.

In Northern Ireland

BELFAST (NC)-Catholic exservi<;emen in Northern Ireland are 'planning to form regional units to protest internment without trial, now nearly a month old, and alleged brutality by the British army. At a frequently emotional meeting on St. Mary's Hall, Belfast, more than 100 Catholic World War II veterans sent a telegram to British Prime Minister Edward Heath, Labor Party leader Harold Wilson, and other British and Northern Irish officials.

I have spent Labor Day in a different city every year, with few exceptions, during the past quarter of a century. This has provided me with an opportunity, for whatever it might be worth, to sample what the local or original press has. had to say during that period about the inclined, take refuge in his own social signifiance or the so- little ivory tower. To his credit, however, in preparing to write cial meaning of Labor Day his Labor Day column, he went

ELECTED: John 1. Ahern of Newton, a member of the Board of Advisors of Stonehill College' since 1966, has been elected' chairman of the board succeeding Edward T. Martin of Ojai, Cal., who, has served for the past two years.

"Just as we fought for freedom between 1939 and 1945, so we call on you now to give the same freedom to our sons and our brothers and all detainees," they declared. One man threw his military decorations and medals onto the floor of the hall, saying that the British army in Ulster now is "only a shower of bums como, pared to the army' I fought in." , He said his medals' value had been reduced to "a set of John Wayne stars."


For Saying Mass AKRON (NC)-A Slovakianborn priest, Father John Vasek, said he was expelled from Czechoslovaki during a July visit for saying Mass, preaching and hearing confessions without government permission.

How can you make this troubled world a better place? Pray for our native priests and Sisters each day, and do all you can to give them what they need. They are your ambassadors to the poor, and they get lonely, hungry, tired. Month by month, have a share in all the good they do!

D For only $200 in India you can build a decent house for a family that now sleeps on the sidewalks. Simply send your check .to us. Cardinal Parecattil will write to thank you also.


i'Czechoslovakia may be on the map," he said, "but inprac- ' tice is a Russian colony."

D Send a 'stringless' gift each month to the Holy Father to take care of the countless number of mission emergencies. He will use it where it's needed most. D Give a child a chance. In India, Ethiopia, and the Holy Land you can 'adopt' a blind girl, a deaf·mute boy, or a' needy orphan for only $10 a month ($120 a year). We'll send you the youngster's photo, tell you about him (or her). .\

D Send us your Mass intentions. The offering you make, when a missionary priest offers Mass for your intention, supports him for one day. Mass intentions are his only means of support.

, Father Vasek said he has been going back to Czechoslovakia every year since 1964 and saying Mass at the shrine of Our Lady of Levocha, to which more than 200,000 pilgrims come at the beginning of July. Visiting priests have always had permission to say Mass, he said.

D Feed a refugee family for a month. It costs. only $10. The Holy Father asks your help to feed the hungry.

•• ••

Delays Ordination


Somewhere in our 18-country mission world you can build a complete parish plant (church. school, rectory, and convent) for $10,000. Name it for your favorite saint, in your loved one's memory. ----------_._--~---

Dear ENCLOSED PLEASE FIND $ Monsignor Nolan: FOR Please return coupon with your offering CATHOLIC





=== NEAR EAST ~.~ IVIISSIONS 55 == TERENCE CARDINAL COOKE, President . .' == MSGR. JOHN G. NOLAN, National Secretary I. ':. 0.e 330 Write: CATHOLIC NE~R EAST WELFARE Assoc. ====. Madison Avenue' New York. N.Y. 10017 "i5!







•• ••

The 56-year old priest, ordained in the Canadian diocese of Nicolet in 1961 and now a U.S. citizen living here in Ohio, said the real reason for his expulsion was the Czech authorities desire to cut the people of the country off from contact with the West.

famous for



Priest Expelled

BARCELONA (NC)-The new bishop of Zamora in Castilla said he wants to spend several weeks as a simple priest among the people in order to know everyone better. Bishop-elect Ramon Buxarriz, 41, pastor at nearby Granollers, said that "all I know about Zamora is what an occasional tourist can see." He has 'asked that his episcopal ordination be delayed.


Telepholie: 212/YUkon 6-5840


THE ANCHOR~Diocese-of


River-Thur,s. Sept. 16,: 197,1




Sunday,.Mass Obligation II

God or Money?


, , I ' , up over your head sours our Friday ev.ening at a ~uper-, the,' pulpit, or teachers' in the, disposition before we 'ever reach market can be very ehlightening, Classroom still, speak about the ,the church doors. .especially if you are in: one of mortal, sin a Catholic commits 'Having 'made' these remarks; I the long check-out lines 'behind ,after' missing Mass on one Sun- ~till, believe the Church' obliga- , several families with ~arts Qrimday? Or draw the distinction, be- tion to worship~publicly,'for" ful of groceries! Husbands' and stand patientl~ tween coming somewhat late mally, officiaily -',each' Sunday wives. . , I watching ' (only a venial sin) and' arriving, Sunday should remain. It ought the check-put girl ring up, each ~fter the sermon (a ,serio'us' sin, ,to be interpreted' 'sensibly, of item on the cash regi~ter., Every unless you stay for the following course, without the up-tightness one tries to catch a ~limpse of , '1 service and make up what 'you ,of previous days. But I think a mllmr:W,TtW@wow:mni-ll missed)? Or stre!l.S attendance at, serious responsibility to gather every week on the Lord's Day at Mass;is good' for members of By the Chr:istjan' 'community and "here offer a few reasons (there' FR, CARL J. By are others) in support . of this PFEIFER, S.J. approach. ' i=R. JOSEPH ,M.! ,Jesus supplied us with an ex" ample. "He' came to Nazareth , CHAMPLIN where he had been reared, and entering the synagogue on 'the ' the final totals. The, tkmily bill Sabbath as he was in the habit for a week's grocerie~, can apthe three principal parts-offer- of doing, he stood' up to do the pear 'staggering, yet the family tory, consecration, Communion reading." (Luke 4:16). . must eat. They need' Inoney in I Regularity Necessary -as the essential requirements order to eat. J The early Christians treasured for "hearing Mass"?, An' appreciation of the imporProbably very few. And that is Sunday Mass. We read in the tance of money for. a f~mily livLiturgy Constitution:' "By a tra- ing in our culture can \be deepnot all bad. Recent changes in the eucha- dition handed down from the ened at the supermarket. It can Turn to Page Seventeen Turn to 'Page Seventeen ristic liturgy plus educational I programs explaining these reI forms have given us a, different I notion of the Mass's structure. We think now about the liturgy I of the 'Word and the liturgy of I the Eucharist with an entrance Offer ,the sacrifice of the Mass. Supper of the Lord. 'Not comI rite and a:' dismissal service. Receive the sacrament of pletely forgotten, of course, but Catholics, I ,hope, see more Communion. enough to cause concern\that the clearly the important connection . The images of sacrifice and meaning would slip aw~y. between that service which cen- sacrament have dominated the Three Themes in Sacrifice tersaroun'd the Bible and' an en- meaning of Eucharist. Still, apWhat correctives woul',d 'enrich suing 'rite which focuses upon appropriate as they are" some the altar:' To, neglect the first shortcomings surrounded their the images of sacrifice *nd sacrament? ' ! part is to weaken the second use. Biblical people tell uJ of the section. To skip the readings In times past, to call the Mass, anci'the homily, to rush in at the ,a sacrifice was to unconsciously original meanings of s'acrifice" . last moment and thus' narrowly evoke the note of obituary: Sac- none of which stressed death, avoid mortal sin hence leaves rifices deal with death,. lience but rather the exuberanck of life and union with God. They had much to be desired from several three main kind's of saetifice: 'points of view. 1. Holocaust. In this t~ey hon, But we also have developed, ored God's dominion o~er life , generally speaking, a. more beBy and their total devotion to Him. nigry interpretation of Church Give the whole lamb to God and law. Automatically to condemn FR. AL let the sweet smell of thk offerforever or cut off from the Chrising please Him. . \ ' McBRIDE tian ,community a person who neglected one Sunday Mass 2. Shalom. This was' a peace seems' a bit harsh, even unrealis.' offering and friendship m~al that tic. As' a consequence, most in- UU;:K;:;:IIfw;:;m;8IlI:X spoke of G,od as the sP1.1rce of structors in the last decade 'preserve the solemnity, of a fu- love. Give part of the lamb to ;have eased up on the fire and neral at the Mass. The promi- God and eat the rest at a liturbrimstone, "mortal sin" approach nence of the crucifix over the gical meal. to .Sunday Mass. ,altar reinforced the notion of 3. Atonement. In this the Retnin Sunday Mass Obligation sacral slaying. Sermons related people renewed their reverence Then, too, we emphasize today ~the physical facts of the passion for God and contrition fo~ sins. Here, as in holocaust, gi~e the the Eucharist as a celebration. of Christ to Mass ceremonies. .I To quote the America,n Bishops: Secondly, regarding the Mass whole, lamb to God. Thus aaoration, friendship and '~We assemble together at Mass as sacrament, trouble' developed' in order to speak ,our faith over over the power of symbols to forgiveness constituted th~ main again in community and, by communicate. The word sacra- themes of sacrifice. It is the speaking it, to renew lind deep- ment is related to symbol. A same at Mass where we Igo to en it ... We come together to' symbol shares in a hidden reality adore, to share and to be Imade acknowledge the work of the and makes it visible for us. Thus one with God and each other. spirit in us, to offer thanks, to - the American flag scoops up the The sacramental mea~ink will :~celebrate." ' hidden patriotism in Qur hearts grow in intensity when we can qne cannot be forced to cele- .and proclaims it through the recover the simplicities of bread, brat,e. The Sabbath and the stars and stripes. The flowers' wine, reverence gestures,' Sacred Sunday Mass should be, as the and candy on Mothers Day seize meal and the feeling of ft-iendVatican II Fathers remarked, ClC- our mute loves and makes them ship. Liturgical reforms Imeet casions of "joy and freedom." A sing to our beloved parent. this problem on two level~. By celebration in joy and freedom But many Mass symbols lost popularizing the home Mas~, the cannot coexist With an eic'es1ive ,their. power to teach hidden reform has brought the Evcharist emphasis on laws and obliga-路 ,qlean'ing. 'We forgot the altar within the intimate atmosphere tions. Marching to Mass withc(." ~as a table,' the host was bread, of welcome, friendship I and , legal gun in your back or With'" the, chalice a' cup, the, paten a dOll}estic warmt~: ;' clouds of guilt waiting to Qpen plat~and the Ma'ss itself 'the Tum to Page Seventeen I wonder how many priests in


Eucharist and MassI




;. t'





NECESSARY IN CIVILIZED SOCIETY: The uses of money'given -to the collection are exemplifie'd in this mon:' tage of images.

II Questions and Answers \.


You hear a lot of com- new elements may not comprise plaints about the older way of more than five per cent (a rough viewing the Church in compar- estimate only) of the 16 council ison with the Second Vatican . documents, but it is a crucial Council and some of the so-called five per cent indeed, because it progressive theologians in the Catholic Church. But, really, was the theology of the Church before Vatican II so different from the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church? I have read that document and some of the other material from the council, and I can't think of anything offhand that differs from what I was taught about the Church. suggests the direction that A. I should agree that /most of the material about the Church Catholic theology will probably in 'the documents of the Second be taking in the immediate Vatican Council is simply a re- future. In fact, this new material affirmation (sometimes in exact- is already influencing the shape ly the same words. as earlier of Catholic theology. documents) of what was taught Catholic theologians do not and written about the Church in write and speak 'about the previous generations. Church in the same way that But there are elements in the they did IP yea,rs ago. What is council's ecclesiological teaching there in th~ .conciliar teaching that significantly' modify the about the' Church' that 'calls for conventional Catholic under- some change in our own underTurn to' Page Nineteen standing' of the Church. These Q.


God or Money? Continued from Page Sixteen be more painfully deepened in a doctor's office or hospital. An operation or an extended stay in the hospital can be disastrous "to many families. Automobile (;xpenses, too, are necessary but costly. The apartment or home needs to be paid for. Then there are clothes to be bought. Every thing costs money. Money is needed to pay salaries. It is needed to build roads. Without money there is almost no project for social development or human betterment that can be successful. Treatment of drug addicts is expensive, as is research into cures for cancer or multiple sclerosis. Touchstone of Character These few realistic observations about the importance of money for a healthy, happy life may help place in proper perspective Jesus' words about money in this coming Sunday's Gospel. He says: "You cannot give yourself to God and money." By this He does not mean-as has often been preached-that money is itself evil.. It could hardly be evil if it is so necessary to life in civilized society. JesU!'; even suggests that how one uses money may be indicative of his overall sense of values: "If you cannot be trusted with elusive wealth, who will trust you with lasting?" Christ knew well, as we know still today, that a person's attitude to money can be a touchstone of his character. What Jesus condemns is "giving yourself to money." He compares' this to a slave serving a master. Such a man is not free, he is en· slaved. He is in effect choosing .. money as his God.' . Perhaps we know men and women whose lives seem to reflect this attitude. They place material possessions, pleasures, ostentation, before the happiness of their marriage, the good of their children, even their own health. Their lives are "given" to money. Dehumanized by Greed We would not trust them with what is most valuable in human life-love, confidence, trust-because they show so little mas· tery over themselves, so little trustworthiness in' a lesser reality, money. Jesus warns the per. son who lives for 'money and what it can bring that his happiness now and forever is in serious da,nger. Even more fearful warnings are directed in the first reading to those who are so given over 'to their own economic advance· ment that they turn to cheating the poor. Within the context of contemporary social conditions the intentions described by the prophet Amos are very real to us' t9day. He describes people fixing 'their scales, counterfeiting their money in order to cheat the un-

Eucharist · Mass Continued from Page Sixteen By loosening up the cere· monies at Church, the reform has reinstated the ~larity of the basic messages about the grandeur of Go(J, the solemn need for forgiveness and the awakening of our social consciousness of the needs of men. Thus the Christian pe,oRle -develop a sense of God's' mystery and His will for people.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs.


16, 1971

17 Churches Defend Education Freedom

suspecting. They even go so far ac; a plot, "We will buy the lowly man for silver, and the poor man for a pair of sandals; and even the refuse of wheat we will sell." It does not take much imagination to recognize that people so dehumanized by greed are still with us. Keep Priorities Straight The challenge then is whether we give ourselves to God and other people in a genuine struggle to love, or whether we neglect God and live for money. Ultimately it comes to a question of our values, of the direction of our lives.' What is more important to me-God, others, my own integrity, or superficial pleasure and ostentation. The most important things in life cannot be purchased, they are free. As long as I am honestly trying to' keep my priorities straight, there is little need to fear money or financial success. Much good can be accomplished with adequate finances.. But we all need to ask ourselves periodically how we fe,el about money, what we tend to do with it, how we use it. Honesty here can tell us much about our overall approach to life. "You cannot give yourself to God and money,"

CHANGANACHERRY (NC)Bishops of, four Christian churches in Kerala state met here in India to organize opposition to a Kerala state government proposal that it appoint the staffs of private colleges. The bishops said they will strongly defend the right of Christian colleges to name their own staffs. The government proposal to name teachers for the Christian colleges selected by an official

panel followed a 'demand by the Private College Teachers' Association that teacher salaries be paid directly by the government instead of by the college management, as at present. The. bishops of the Catholic, Orthodox, Mar. Thoma and Protestant Churches said here that the churches are determined to undergo any sacrifice to maintain their basic freedoms in the educational field.



Continued from' Page One Board include Rev. Patrick J. O'Neill, Ed.D., Superintendent of Catholic Schools, advisor on primary and secondary education; Rev. Msgr. Raymond T. Considine, P.A., pastor of St. William Parish, Fall River; advisor on health and hospital matters; Rev. Msgr. John E. Boyd, pastor of St. Patrick Parish, Fall River, advisor on social welfare and community action. Continued from Page Sixteen The Archbishop announced apostles which took its origin that "the formation of the Masfrom the very day- of Christ's sachusetts Catholic Conference resurrection, the Church cele- is a recognition by the bishops brates .the paschal mystery every of the need for the Catholic eighth day; with good reason Church in Massachusetts both this, then, bears the name of to pool its own resources and to the Lord's day or Sunday." (art _ cooperate with others in giving witness to spiritual values in 106). , We need this regular Eucha- public affairs, "The chief concerns of the rist to. survive spiritually. Citing the American Bishops again: conference," the prelate ex"We too must express in signs plained, "are policies, legislation, our faith in Christ and each and programs which affect other, our love for Christ and for morality, health, education, welfare and human rights," each other, or they will die." Mr. Reilly Note Well •.• Mr. Joseph J. Reilly is a 1955 The willing spirit, but weak flesh often must be pUf>hed. "We graduate of Holy Cross College. may not feel like celebrating on He received a Master of Arts de· this or that Sunday," the U. S. gree in Religious Education from Bishops noted, "even though we Emmanuel College in 1970. For are called by the Church's law the past 16 years he has held to do so," On cold days when executive positions in personnel the warm bed weakens good in- administration. Active in religious education tentions, during mornings when the golf course beckons, at on a parish and diocesan level, "blah" moments when God' Mr., Reilly recently spoke at the seems far away and insignificant, New England Congress of Reli- . the onus of an obligation may gious Education at Boston Colbe the only forFe capable of get- lege. He is the immediate past presting us to church on time. Once we are there, it becomes ident of the Holy Cross Club of the responsibility of the priest Boston, former vice-president of and' his liturgy planning com· both the Holy Cross General. mitte.e to make the Mass so Alumni Association and the meaningful that we walk away Wakefield Chamber of Comsaying, "I'm glad I came." merce.

Sunday Mass

"Shame and Embarrassment" In his Mission Sunday Message for this year. Pope Paul says that he wishes "to confide to you. the whole body of the Catholic faithful-all of you. our collaborators nn the divinely assigned task of making the Good News known-a matter which causes us shame and embarrassment." This statement comes as a "surprise" after the hopeful words in the paragraph preceding it: "We must invite all men to join the People of God, his Church. that ever-growing society of hope, which is able to look eagerly to the future without closing tis eyes to the present • . . No. 'we are not 'ashamed of the Gospel' nor are your Pope and bishops ashamed to beg for the means by which the Gospel may be made known. If, then. you find them with begging bowls in their hands. beseeching alms of you for tbe love of 'God and neighbor. this will not surprise or scandalize you." What then is the "matter which causes us shame and em.barrassment?" In the Pope's own words, it is this: "We are unable to proVide adequate support for the Cburch's missionaries. or to give sufficient assistance to the many good works of religion and love which they constantly undertake. "These missionaries have made the commitment 'for life' to the Gospel. They go to the nations in our stead. They carry out on our behalf the command of the Master 'to' preach the Gospel to every creature,' Nothing in our power to offer could ever repay 'our obligation to these men and women; but we must at least supply their daily bread and provide the other 'necessities wbich their various works demand."


However. the Pope doesn't leave us this "obligation" without giving us his own solution. He says. "For almost a century and a half. the organization of this support from the Catholic faithful has been entrusted to an enterprise of charity known as the Society for the Propagation of the Faith." "After their donations' have been gathered into. one fund, they are distributed to the missions . . . providing for the daily necessities of our missionaries, building churches, schools, hospitals, seminaries and novitiates: feeding the hungry, relieving suffering, and bringing emergency assistance in times of disaster.:' May we join with the Pope and turn unashamed to you with begging bowls in our hands "to urge each and every one of the Catholic faithful to make yet greater sacrifices for the Faith..•.


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Says Pay 'Requests.ResultNot Cause- of Inflati.on The normally sensitive and sensible columnist Charles Bartlett could not conceal his delight in a column on the Nixon e~onomic reforms: at last the "hard hats" were being "disciplined." The American people--particularly those hard hats who (according to a Wall Street Journal the current inflation is' caused mostly by the pressures of tryarticle) lived in $38,000 dol- ing to fight a war with a peacelar _homes and dreamed of time e'conomy and by the cynical





owning airplanes - were going to be forced to give up "indulgence" and do serious Lattle against the evils of inflation. I cOiJ!Pn't help but wonder if Mr. Bartlett w<:\s willing to give good example to the benighted "hard hats" by taking a cut him self in his real, income equivaI . lent to the inflation the Amen· can working man has 'suffered in 'recent years and which Mr. Nixon is 'asking the worker to accept without protest through the wage freeze. But the President 'calculated wisely. The snobbish contempt which journalists and intellectuals feel toward the American working class was evident in the reporting of the freeze. The unsophisticated reader of the newspapers and' the TV viewer got these impressions: i Labor caused the inflationary situation. 2. Labor is the only voice against the freeze. 3. ,The President was firmly and' .vigorously refusing to be 'awed by the opposition of labor. '. The poor hard hats: not only are they responsible for the war; ,they also cause inflation. Hides Symptoms


'The Parish Parade

THE ANCHOR-Diocese offal! River-Thurs. Sept. 16, 1971

The wage freeze may not be the most clever and cynical ploy of a political career marked by clever cynicism, but it is certain\.yanexample of Mr. Nixon at his most devious. As Milton Friedman pointed out, wageprice controls don't eliminate inflation; they just ride the . symptoms for awhile. This par· tk.ular i'freeze" is highly selective. ,Wages are frozen, but not interest crates, profits. or many kinds of food. prices. Furthermore• .it is quite easy to hide price increases al)d very hard to 'hide wage i~creases.

propensity of American business to use the increased demand of a war inflated economy to charge all the market will bear. The requests of working men for more pay are the result of inflation and not the cause of it. Workers ask' for more money because their real wages are declining and not because. as Mr. Bartlett would have us believe, they are "indulge~t" or "undisciplined.... . If Mr. Nixon was serious he would combine his wage-price freeze and plea for a strike ban with-tax credits for the·working. man and a plea for a price rollback. He might also ask some questions about the 'greed and incompetency of American management and its ability. to pass on'to the consumer :the cost,'n:ot only of wage increases but' aJso of its own blunders. '

HOLY TRINITY, WEST HARWICH Registration for CCD classes will be held in the parish school building on Sunday morning after the 8 o'clock Mass aild will continue until 1 o'clock. The registration will be for grades one through 12. The tuition f,ee of $10 per family may be paid at the time of ,registration. The schedule is as follows: Grades 1-5, Tuesday from '3 to 4:14; grades, 6-8 Wednesday from 3 to 4:15; grades 9·12. Sunday evening from 7 to 8. ST. JOSEPH, ATTLEBORO A special Mass for the staff of the parish CCD program will be offered at 10:30 on Sunday morning and Rev. Donald J. Bowen, director of the CCD of BISHOPS' CONSECRATION: Followin'gthe anointing the Attleboro area, .will give the with 'oil, the Book ;of Gospels is placed on the heads of the homily. St. Paul-Minneapolis archdiocese's two new auxiliary bishThe installation banquet for ops, Raymond A. jLucker, left, and John R. Roach, right. the senior citizens will be held Among the 40 visiting bishops present was Bishop Connolly, on Oct. 5 and reservations must formerly Bishop , dfI Fall River, and professor of the new be made with Mrs. F:lorence . . Forget before Sept. 25. bishops when th~1 were students at the St. Paul Seminar~. The banquet is free but the transportation fee will be one dollar. The next CYO meeting will be held on Friday night. Oct. 1 and is' open to all high school stuBishop Defends Anti-'Poverty Program dents. I ST. LOUIS OF FRANCE, lJnder OEO Attack

Cjharges Bias +I

Management Ineptitude A classic example of t~is ineptitude is found in the airline industry. Business has slumped badly for the airlines lately. Have they responded by the classic behavior of a company In a freemarket economy to fall· ing demand by lowering prices? They have not; on the contrary they have used their monopolistic power to raise prices. One wonders if Mr. Bartlett will write a column accusing the airlines of indulgence. To some extent the financial problems of the airline i'1dustry can be traced· to labor costs. But to a much greater' extert they are the ,result of anincred· ible over-expansion of flights and the purchase of airplanes, such as the DC-I0 and the 747, for which there was ab§olutely no need. Only the most incompetent of managements would so badly o'ver-expand in the face of warning economic indicators. There is no economic 'competition in the airlines. There is only "product" competition in frills like the number of lounges on a 747. and the airline's go on raising .prices as high as a friendly government will allow them. Under such circumstances man· 'agement ineptitude' can easily be covered up. Need


But the workers are the o'nes C,ost of Blunders who cause inflation. And since Industry . gets investment they're "hard hats" they, must credits, import tax' protection pick up the tab for ·it. ' arid extra profits from the wage Mr. Nixon 111ay "luck out" increases it' is excused from with' his new game plan: The .paying. The working man gets public relations. hoopla may proa trivial tax cut and can buy a vide the psychological 'boost that car fot less-if he has the money will restore health to the ·e~on­ to buy a car. He also gets the omy. Maybe. But if this fundamentally blame from Mr: Bartlett and others-including by implication superficial approach does not the President-for causing'· ihfla-' Work. then we will have seen - tion. As one "liberal" put it to 'tne last 'of Mr. Nixon's spectacme. ..It's the only way fo deal .. ular grandstand plays. And his with labor." - . successor will have to face the The truth of the matter is that fact that the American economy

JACKSON (NC) An antipoverty program st~nds to lose its funding by the V;'S. Office of Economic Opportunity unless Bishop Joseph B., ~3runini can prove that the program is not inefficient as ,fede~al officials claim. I The OEO has 9harged that STAR. a' diocesanl - sponsored adult education a'nd manpower training program. is inefficient and should not be Ifunded past Aug~ 31. ' I The Mississippi ;bjshop has denounced the charge. saying that the OEO regionai6ffice in Atlanta is biased against STAR. He has called for ~a hearing at , the end of the month to set the -, record straight. I I OEO. through its Atlanta office, levelled an ~ttack against STAR in a seven-page letter outlining instructions jleading to a shutdown of the' program. I , Firing back at the OEO decision. the bishop; J,rote that allegations agajnst ~hAR "constitute an insult to the integrity and intelligence of both the staff and the board, of STAR and reflect upon the judgment of the Catholic Church lin continuing its sponsorship ofl the program. "We categorically deny all the allegations contatn1ed in your letter as legitimate rllaim to refuse to fund our progr,am.... the bishop wrote. "We' srallpresent a complete and de~ailed rebuttal, both in writing ,and orally as per the OEO regulations governing refusal to fU~d." Bishop Bruninil said he protested the hearing of the STAR . case by the OEO Iregional office J


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needs far' more fundamental remedies than f,alth healing. Like competition. And what they call competition in the text books is Capitaji~m. Too bad the Republicans don~t believe in it I any more.

in Atlanta because "the manner in which this case has thus far been h,andled precludes confidence" in that office. 'Persistent Violation' The OEO shutdown order of STAR, sponsored by the diocesesince 1965. said investigators had concluded "that grant funds have been administered in an ineffective and inefficient manner in serious and persistent violation of OEO's administrative and programmatic requi~ements resulting in an inadequate level of services.. and benefits to the poor." STAR had obtained $14 million in federal funds since it be· gan and was operating under a $2.3 million grant this fiscal year. According to Mississippi Today. the diocesan newspaper. STAR had asked for another $2.3 million for the fiscal year beginning Sept. 1.. Although no diocesan funds were used for STAR, Church facilities were provided rent-free. STAR centers are currently operating in Jackson, Meridian, Natchez, Greenwood, Greenville. Mount Bayou. Holly Springs, Biloxi and Canton. Controversy over the program mounted about a year ago when civil rights forces claimed theprogram was not doing the iob it should. Aaron Henry. NAACP. president from Clarksdale. asked the Atlanta office of OEO to investigate and called an unofficial hearing to gather testimony regarding STAR programs.


The Ladies of St. Anne's Sodality have announced that a dinner and fashion show will be held at 7 on Thursday night, Sept. 23 at the Venus de Milo. ST. GEORGE, WESTPORT;,.. Mrs. Helen Mello, newly elec. . :}..:~ ted president, will preside at the' '::.: ~~­ first meeting of the year of the ~ ;;,:.: Women's Guild scheduled for 7 ,,' : I o'clock, Monday evening. Sept>J. 27 in the school hall on Rte. 177., . Westport. .' A chicken dinner will be ser.· ved and the price will be $1.2'5. All women of the parish are in•., .. vited to attend and become:··~,,' members of the organization. . The guild will sponsor a whist' party at 8 on Sunday night. Sept. 19 in the school hall. Tickets will be available at the door.








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THE,ANCHOR-Oiocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 16,,1971


Qu'estions and Answers Continued from Page Sixteen standing of the Body of Christ, and its mission in the world? - Church as, a Communion 1. There is a greater emphasis now in Catholic theology on the nature 'of the Church as a com'munion, a fellowship in the Holy Spirit, a sacrament of Christ, a mystery. The very first chapter of the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church is called "The Mystery of the Church.''In the earlier treatments of the Church, .particularly in the Latin textbooks used in many seminaries and adapted for use in various colleges, the Church was portrayed initially' as a social institution, hierarchically structured, with the gift of infallibility for its magisterium, and so forth. Consideration of, the Church as the Body of Christ, for example, came much later, if it was discussed at all.

tering justice, peace, truth, and freedom. This emphasis, which is especially clear in the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, moves us to change our notion of preevangelization. The social apostolate is not simply what we do in order to break down barriers of suspicion and mistrust so that people will hear the Gospel and join' the Church, but rather it is part of the essential mission of the Church, in the same way as preaching and worship. Ecumenism

Collegial Nature

REBIRTH: Are the players working out under the watchful eyes of head football coach, Jim Lansing, at Fordham University, dreaming of planting the seed of the renew'al of the classic scoreless ties played by Fordham and Pittsburg during the glory years of the Rams from the Bronx?

Says Religious Education More Serious; Bishop Sees Firm Ch'urch Stand on Essentials ~:

CLEVELAND (NC)-Religious rather than child-centered is becoming more se- gion classes. A new spirit of serious-mind,! rious and reverent, Auxiliary Bishop William E. McManus, di- edness will mean a rethinking ; rector of Chicago archdiocesan of decisions to do away with .' .• ~' "":::\' education, told'-.:the First Friday grades and to remove religion from the academic curriculum. ;, .:' "Club of Cleveland. Iconoclasm for its own sake ,:. "\' He said there have been some will be less in evidence as the ;:;",f"~';' abuses in the name of religious (}~; education in which teachers positive values of heritage and i' :ihave yielded to pressure for tradition are rediscovered in an I classes built around entertaining attempt to build rather than to . ~ films, pop folksongs and music, destroy. ftfodern ftfethods ! 'happenings' of all sorts and The bishop also noted that a endless discussions with no conGeneral Catechetical Directory, clusions." But there is now "a shift away compiled by the Vatican's Confrom these excesses and a return gregation of the Clergy and not to the old question-and- soon to be published in an Enanswer routine nor to the heavy- glish translation, "should do handed 'believe-because-I-taught- m'uch to reassure parents that it' process, but to a much more the official Church has taken a 'serious and reverent kind of re- firm stand on the essentials of faith which must be included in ligious education." all catechetical instruction." . The bishop, chairman of the "Religious educators," he addUnited States Catholic Confered, "should be pleased that th~ ence committee on education, directed members of the First Friday Club to what he called Pope, Paul Praises "an excellent article in the September issue of the St. Anthony Work of Publishers CASTELGANDOLFO (NC)'Messenger. "." Bishop McManus said the Pope Paul VI praised the efforts magazine's article by Karen of a greup of Italian and AmerHurley, predicts that the present ican book publishers to provide decade will see these four trends youths with an "exact knowlin religious education, especially edge of words and things." The Pope received some 800' at the high school level: participants in the annual ital, Positive Values Psychological insights into ad- ian meeting of the Field Corporaolescents' religious readiness tion, an offshoot of the Field will mean less;pressure on teens Enterprises Educational Corporato make premature faith commit- tion of Chicago, which publishes ments, as the focus of all educa- the World Book encyclopedia. The Pope told the group, tion becomes adult-centered headed by its president, Robert R. Barker: "We extend out best Missioner Arrested wishes to those who have come ISLAMABAD (NC)-A Swed- from the 'United States. It is ish Protes~ant missionary was our prayer that the Lord will arrested here for distributing assist you to fulfill your impor~ copies of St. Luke's Gospel. The tant mission in the service of official religion of Afghanistan is man and of his true education, Moslem, and it is illegal to dis- and that He will lead you to tribute the Christian Gospels. ever greater achievements."



directory encourages many of the methods now in vogue in modern catechetics." Bishop McManus is one of 14 delegates selected by Cardinal John Dearden, president of the United States Catholic Conference, to attend a five-day international congress' of religious educators in Rome. "The preliminary program for the congress," Bishop McManus said, "gives every indication that its deliberations and conclusions will be forward steps in helping the Church fulfill her mission to bring Christ's good news to God's people...· '

Castro Halts Cuban Refugee Program WASHINGTON (NC) - The Cuban refugee program, which has airlifted more than 246,000 refugees from Havana to Florida since 1965, was suddenly shut down Sept. 1 by the Cuban government. Catholic officials here said migration from Cuba to the United States will unofficially continue, however, via Spain. Premier Fidel Castro told the U. S. Government, through the Swiss Embassy in Havana, that he would reopen the program in a few weeks to permit a final 1,000 refugees to leave Cuba for -Miami. After that, he said, the airijft program will be permanently ended.

2. There is a greater emphasis now on the collegial nature of the Church. It is not understood, as it was frequently understood in the past (since Vatican I especially) as a monarchical institution, with the Pope the supreme monarch, the bishop a monarch at a lower level, and the pastor a monarch at the lowest pastoral level. Collegiality was resisted by some of the bishops at the Second Vatican Council because they recognized the challenge to their own monarchical conception of the Church. Some bishops even characterized the teaching (before approval) as heretical because it seemed to them to be threatening to the position of the Pope in the Church. Lay Apostolate 3. There is a greater emphasis now on the lay apostolate as a participation in the saving mission of the Church itself. For many Catholics before Vatican II was simply a participation in the work of the hierarchy and the clergy. Indeed, we defined "Catholic Action" in that way. . The council reminded the Church that' every baptized member, whether ordained or not, has responsibility for the mission of the Church and that this responsibility comes not from canon law but from the Lord himself as he communicated himself through the sacraments. Part of Essential Mission 4. There is greater' emphasis now on the servant-function of ,the Church in the world. The Church· has responsibility for social and political issues. It must allocate its resources money. personnel, moral influence, etc.-for the sake of fos-

5. There is a recognition 'now, thanks to Vatican II, of the Christian and indeed ecclesial reality of non-Catholic Christian communities. The Body of Christ is larger than the Catholic Church, even though participation in the life of the Body of Christ may vary from church to church. Ecumenism, therefore, does not mean simply a return" of "those others" to the preexisting unity of the Catholic Church, but rather a restoration of the unity that was lost by the sin of all parties. Everyone, including Catholics, has something to learn as well as to contribute in the ecumenical dialogue. This list could be extended but there is no real point. While I remain sympathetic with those who see the Second Council as primarily reaffirming rather than modifying the historic understanding of the Church, there are elements in its teaching which call for some change in our preconceptions regarding the Church's nature and mission. It is that crucial five per cent which indicates the direction that Catholic theology will move and is already moving toward. Q. Are there any significant eGumenical developments these days, or has the ecumenical movement quieted down a bit, as it seems? A. Perhaps the most significant ecumenical development of the last year was the publication of the Plan of Union by the Consultation on Church Union. coeu, as it is called, is attempting a union of nine member churches: the African Methodist Episcopal Church, the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church, the Episcopal Church, the Presbyterian Church in the U. S., the United Church of Christ, the United Methodist Church, and the United Presbyterian Church in the U. S.A. The Plan of Union is now being circulated for theological and pastoral criticism, with comments to be submitted by next January.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 16i 1971 ,

Ca teehetiealSu "day, Sept.19 'lIlt ;s ~o -those of yeu who are parents that the primary tast< oJ. ;nstr~ction in> the faith is entrusted". Bish.op's Letter



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