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This Sunday morning in St. Peter's Square, Elizabaeth Ann Seton of New York will be canonized a saint. Mother Seton, the founder of the Sisters of Charity is the first native born American to be named a saint. Mother Seton was born Elizabeth Ann Bailey in 1774 and died in 1821. The Bailey family was quite wealthy and quite socially prominent in New York. As a young girl Elizabeth witnessed George Washington's first inauguration and at the age

of 19 she married William Seton a wealthy businessman. William and Elizabeth Seton had five children and to improve William's health the family moved to Italy. Shortly after their arrival in Italy in 1803, William died. It was at this time that Elizabeth became interested in Catholicism. She returned to New York and was received into the Catholic faith at St. Peter's Church in 1805. Her conversion to Catholicism cost her many of

The ANCHOR An Anchor 01 the Soul, Sure and Flrm-St. Paul

Fall River, Mass., Thursday, Sept. 11, 1975 Vol. 19, No. 37 Š 1975 The Anchor $5.D::~~E,~:

New Vocations 'Team Bishop Cronin has announced the reorganization of the Diocesan Vocations Apostolate. Assisting the Diocesan Director of Vocations, Reverend John J. Smith, will be Regional Coordinators of Vocations in each area of the Diocese. Bishop Cronin has appointed as Regional Coordinators:


Rev. George E. Bellenoit, of Saint Mark's Parish in Attleboro Falls, for the Attleboro area; Rev. Richard W. Beaulieu, of Saint Jacques' Parish in Taunton, for the Taunton area; Rev. Timothy' J. Goldrick, of Saint Margaret's Parish in Buzzards Bay, for the Upper Cape area; Rev. George W..Coleman, of Our Lady of Victory Parish in Centerville, for the Lower Cape area; Rev. Horace J. Travassos', of Saint James Parish in New Bedford for the greater New Bedford area. Rev. William L. Boffa, of Our Lady of Grace Parish in North Westport, for the greater Fall River area. Bishop Cronin, who has long identified the apostolate of promoting vocations to the priesthood and religious life as a prominent Diocesan priority, expressed the confidence that Regional Coordinators, collaborating with the Diocesan Director of Vocations, would more effectively focus -attention upon vocations on the local, parish level, Turn to Page Two

The canonization of Mother the 1975 Holy Year. Pope Paul her former friends and her own Seton as first native-born Amer- is expected to write a special socially prominent position. Elizabeth moved to Baltimore ican citizen-saint is also being message on women for the cele(See page two) where she opened a school for marked as "Women's Day" of bration. young girls in 1801. The following year with a group of her followers she formed the Sisters of Charity of St. Joseph. Taking her first vows, she received the title "Mother." In 1810, she founded a school at Emmitsburg, Maryland, and for her efforts she is known as the foundress of the American Catholic School system. The Sisters of Charity which she founded now number over 7500 sisters in various branches. Mother Seton was declared venerable by Pope John XXIH in 1959 and reached the second stage of sainthood in 1963 when she was declared blessed. Actually, efforts for her canonization have been underway for over a century but only with the 1974 . verification of a third miracle attributed to her was sainthood a possibility. Thirty-six people related by blood or marriage to Mother Elizabeth Seton will be in Rome to attend the canonization. Among them will be Redemptorist Father Claire Collins of S1. Alphonsus Church, Grand Rapids, Mich., and Sister Anne Bayley, a member of the Company of Mary in England, who is coming with her mother. Also expected are Antony Graham Shanley of the United Nations Commissariat for Refu,gees in Switzerland, and his wife, Seton Shanley, the noted New Jersey watercolorist, and his .wife, and Countess August de Govon of France. Coming also are . Rear Adm. and Mrs. C. S. Williams Jr. Adm. Williams, whose wife is related to Mother Seton, is commander of the U. S. Mediterranean air fleet. Senior member of the family will be George Hoffman of New York, who is 92. He will be accompanied by his wife and his brother, Col. Albert L. Hoffman of Washington, D.C. Four women will break Vatican precedent at the canonization by taking a speaking part in the ceremonies. The four - a young girl, a mother, a widow and a Religious - will give a brief oral 'presentation of the four stages of the life of Mof)her Seton - girlhood, motherhood, widowhood and Religious life. MEMORIAL COIN: This commemorative coin, marking Vatican sources believe that the canonization of Mother Elizabeth Seton, will be sold this will be the first time that' women will have speaking roles starting Sept. 14 at the Seton Shrine Center at Emmitsburg, in a papal ceremony at the Vati- Md. It is the only place where it will be available. Two early can. copies were presented to retired Cardinal Lawrence Shehan It is also believed to be the first time that presentations of of Baltimore and his successor, Archbishop William Borders, this nature will be made at a by Sister Jerome Nossell of the Daughters of Charity. Emmitsburg is in the Baltimore archdiocese. NC Photo canonization.

. . .---,'n This Issue-------------------------------....;..------. New Feature - Read ~ What Took Place 5,10, and 15 years ago in the Diocese. Only Yesterday Page 3

Controversy rages over Mary Carson's column in Letters to the Editor Page 5

Boston College vs. , Notre Dame local features Pages 8 and 9

Two New Bedford Maryknoll Priests are active in South America Page 10

Marriage Encounter Is it for you? Read Page 12


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of FIJII River-Thur. Sept. 11, 1975

New Vocations Team

Father Beaulieu

Father Coleman

Father Bellenoit

t'ather Goldrick

Father Boffa

For the Canonization The three major networks will rand notification of affiliate stahave television coverage to mark tions. Because of the tremendous the canonization of Mother number of requests for tickets Seton in St. Peter's Square, Sun- to attend the canonization Vatday, Sept. 14. ican officials decided to transfer On NBC-TV, Channel 4, at 2 the ceremonies to St. Peter's p.m., the United States Catholic Square and to change the time Conference will present A Saint to 5:30 p.m. Rome time. for America, an hour-long spe"This decision" had it stood," cial. reported Rev. Patrick Sullivan Canonization ceremonies are of the USCC Ofifce for Film and scheduled to begin at 9:30 a.m. Broadcasting, "would have ef(Rome time). With the cooper- fectively killed all our broadcastation of RAI, the Italian Radio- ing arrangements." Television Organization, NBC ABC Television will launch its wiH cover the entire event. The Fall Directions series at 1 p.m. broadcast will be received by with a halfJhour special corn· satellite at the network studios memorating the canonization. in New York between 3:30 and Entitled Elizabeth Ann Seton5:30 a.m. There it will be edited American, this special will preinto a special with Philip Schar- sent a short trim on the life of per writing the script and com- ,Mother Seton, accompanie-d by mentary. highlights of the canonization Change in Time Hurt ceremonies. ABC News CorreThe ceremonies were original- spondent Bob Young, assisted ly scheduled to take place in St. by Sister 'Patricia Noone, S.C., of Peter's Basilica beginning at 9 Mount St. Vincent~ will narrate. a.m. Rome time (3 a.m. EDT). Elizabeth Ann Seton, AmerAll NBC broadcast plans were ican and Saint will be seen on made to meet this schedule, in- CBS-TV at 10 a.m. on the Lamp cluding reservation of the sat- Unto My 'Feet series. The docellite, allocation of the 2-3 p.m. umentary dramatic essay will inhour in the network'sl schedule, clude canonization highlights.

Father Travassos

campuses. Father Smith reported COlltinued from Page One with .special emphasis upon that Regional Voca·tions Coorschools, catlechetical programs dinators would be maintaining and expanding such programs, and CYO organizations. and would strive to initiate innoThe Bishop noted that the strong faith which is evident in ,vative programs in parish catehome and family life throughout chetical programs. It is anticipated that the Dithe Diocese of Fall River is the ocesan Director and Regional Cofertile source of vocations to the priesthood and religious life. ordinators would work in close He called upon the People of harmony wit·h members of reliGod of the Diocese to unite in gious congregations of men and constant prayer that the bless- women who are active in the ing of many vocations would Diocese. One unique facet of the procharaderize Catholic life in the jected Vocations program will Diocese. be the expected participation of Father Smith, who, in addition seminarians from the Diocese. to being Diocesan Vocations There is a highly encouraging Director, is Vicar in the Taun- complement of young men from ton-Attleboro Vicariate and Ad- the Diocese enrolled in semministrator of' Saint John the inaries .close enough to home to Evangelist Parish in Attleboro, share in at least occasional par· welcomed the assistance which ish, school and regional prothe Regional Coordinators would grams. bring to his labors. Many helpful and useful programs are already being conducted in Dioc- Cesar Chavez Ends esan high schools and on college 987..;Mile March ,KEENE (NC)-Cesar Chavez, head of the United Farm WorkNecrology ers of America (UFWA), arrived SEPT. 19 at his headquarters here after a Rev. Henry E.S. Henniss, 1859, 987-mile march that took him Pastor, St. Mary, New Bedford through all the major farm areas SEPT. 20 of California in 59 days. Rev. Simon A. O'Rourke, 1918, The march, which began at the Chaplain, United States Navy San Ysidro side of the U. S. borRev. Orner Valois, 1958, Pas- der with Mexico 00 July 1, had tor, Sacred Heart, New Bedford as its purpose the education of SEPT. 21 farm workers on the importance Rev. George Pager, 1882, of the new California law perFounder, Sacred Heart, New mitting secret ballot elections for Bedford the union of theil' choice. Rev. George Jowdy, 1938, PasChavez said he spoke with tor, Our Lady of Purgatory, New almost 80,000 farm workers durBedford ing the march, which took him SEPT. 24 through the coastal valleys, from .~ev. Joseph E. C. Bourque, where he crossed to Sacramento 1955, Pastor, Blessed Sacrament, and marched down the San Fall River Joaquin vaHey. After a three-day stop in Fresno (Aug. 15-18) for --".""".""""" "".... "...."".... ".... ""..."."""",,--his union's annual convention, TH~ ANCHOR the march was continued down Second Cllss Postl,e Plid It Fill River, MISs. Published every ThursdlY It 410 to Delano, the site of Chavez~ Hl,hllnd Avenue, Fill River, MISs. 02722 by the Clthollc Press of the Diocese of Fill original struggle with the grape River. Subscription price by mail, postPlid U,OO per year. growers.


Schedule TV Coverage

SETON MOSAIC:' This mosaic depiction of Mother Elizabeth Seton is part of the chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Guadalupe at the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington D. C. The mosaic has become a popular attraction for Shrine visitors as the canonization of the foundress of the American Catholic school system approaches.

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A SISTER visits the place at Emmitsburg, Maryland where Mother Seton was buried in 1821. Her remains were later moved to the sisters of charity provincial house nearby.


Funeral Home

Bishop Scores Butz Policies . PEORIA (NC)-Bishop Edward O'Rourke of Peoria has blasted the policies of Secretary of Agriculture Earl Butz in an editorial in the Catholic Post, the Peoria diocesan newspaper. Bishop O'Rourke called America's response to the world food crisis "a scandal to the world" and defended grain reserves. The editorial followed a heated exchange between· Butz and the bishop at a White House Conference on Domestic and Economic Affairs held here. Bishop O'Rourke challenged Bntz's' policies foUowing, the Butz speech to the conference. The bishop said he had "the temerity to stand and disagree with part" of what Butz had said. He also accused Butz of oversimplifying the issues. Bishop O'Rourke urged the establishment of a domestic


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grain reserve in order to "participate intelligently in the world, food bank" and said that thou-, sands in the world had died of starvation because of the lack of . a food reserve in the past.

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I On1l Th:~~::~day I SEPT. 8, 1960 River Diocese at the funeral of John Cardinal O'Hara. Appearing for the first time as a columnist in The Anchor was a young Chicago priest, Rev. Andrew M. Greeley.

Fr. Leo Sullivan announced that by November members of the new parish of St. Ann's in Raynham would be celebrating Mass in their new church. ·Bishop Gerrard went to Philadelphia to represent the FaIl

SEPT. 9, 1965 A record number of 24,600 students were enrolled in 75 Catholic schools throughout the • Diocese. Atty. General Edward W. Brooke ruled that· the town of Berkley had to provide bus transportation for students attendiQg Coyle and Cassidy High Schools.

Msgr. Humberto Medeiros journied .to Rome for the open'ing of the fourth session of Vati~an Council II. Very Rev. Roland R. Bedard, M.S., provincial superior of the La Salette Fathers announced the transfer of the La Salette's provincial headquarters from Southbridge to Attleboro.


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur. Sept. 11, 1975

Fall Riv'er Native to Go to Rome for Holy Union

At the 25th General Chapter of the Holy Union Sisters held . this past summer in Lambersart, France, Sister Carol Regan, a Fall River native, was elected a general councillor of the congregation. She will take up her new responsibility at the community's generalate in Rome in mid-OCtober. Sister Carol, daughter of Francis W. Regan and the ·late Eleanor (Duclos) Regan, joined the Holy Union Sisters in 1959 after graduation from Sacred Hearts Academy, FaH River. She received a bachelor's degree in political science from Hunter College. New York, and studied for a Master of Social Work degree in community organization and social planning at the University of Maryland.


The religious taught at St. Michael School and Sacred Hearts Academy in Fall River as well as at Immaculate Concep,tion School, Astoria, N. Y. During her social work internship,

she was a registered lobbyist at the Annapolis (Maryland) State House. For the past year Sister Carol has served as personnel coordinator for the Holy Union Sisters of the Fall River Province. She is a former provincial councillor and was a delegate to the Congregation's 1971 General Chapter in Athlone, Ireland, as well as to this summer's meeting. Organizations of which she is a member include the National Catholic Education Association, the National Association of Church Personnel Administrators, the National Assembly of Women Religious and Network. She is a former secretary for the FaU River Chapter of the League of Women Voters.



- I




SEPT. 10, 1978 His Holiness Pope Paul VI announced that Most Rev. Humber- to S. Medeiros, S.T.D., Bishop of BrownsvHle, Texas, had been appointed Archbishop of Boston to succeed Richard Cardinal Cushing who resigned. Terence Cardinal Cooke, celebrated the funeral Mass at St. Patrick's Cathedral for his longtime friend, Vince Lombardi.

The new Priests' Senate of the Diocese of Fall River announced it would hold its first meeting on Sept. 25th. Eight priests of the Fall River Diocese ~ave become bishops. They are Bishops McMahon, Cassidy, Brady, Donaghy, Connolly, Gerrard, Regan and Medeiros.

PARENTS! Don't let your son or daughter lose to~ch with their Church while away at college or in the servi~.e.

Bolivia Arrests Catholic Leader LA PAZ (NC) - Archbishop Jorge Manriquez of La Paz has protested the arrest of a Catholic labor leader as "unfair and offensive" to the work of the Churcl1. Leonardo Rios, leader of the Christian Workers Movement (MOC), was arrested in August on charges of distributing pamphlets for iHegal labor groups. The government of Gen. Hugo Banzer last November banned all labor unions under what he termed a program of national reconstruction. At the time government authorities said union demands ahd strikes were detrimental to Bolivia's economy. Chureh sources here said the arrest of Dios, who was also a member of the Bolivian Catholk Justice and Peace Commission,

dissolved by the government in February, was a further step in a government campaign to repress the Church's social action programs in Bolivia. Archbishop Manrique, in a letter to Interior Ministtlr Juan Pereda protesting Rios' arrest, said t1\at Rios and other MOC ·leaders have been training unskilled workers in several crafts and occupations in order to help them to find and keep jobs. "This is something the government should be promoting," the archbishop said. The arrest "seriously jeopardizes Church-state relations; it is our purpose to keep Rios in his work ami thus we strongly hope this problem is satisfactorily solved," Archbishop Manrique added.

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We'll selHll The ANCHOR to your son or deus"t., et college .r OilY militMy statio.. itt the we,w. This yeBr The ANCHOa will be filled with happenings in the Schools, ftarishes and Communities of the Diocese, plus sports and Yeuth AcHvt_. . Heip your son or doughter to stay in tGAlch. fill out the coupon belOw a·nd send it, in teday.

The ANCHOR 410 Highland Avenue Fall River, MA 02724 Yes, I want to take advantage of your special Student-Military Discount Offer. Enclosed is my check or money order in the amou~t of $4.00. Send The ANCHOR




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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall Riyer-Thur. Sept. 11, 1975

St. Elizabeth 01 New York As American Catholics we have every reason to rejoice at the canonization of Elizabeth Ann Seton. Not only was she closely associated with many of the figures who brought this country into existence but she also played an important role in the shaping of our American Catholic culture. Performing her saintly work in the early years of the eighteenth century, Mother Seton can be classified as a "modern saint." Indeed many of the problems she faced are not unlike our own problems and certainly as her story becomes ever more familiar, many will find in her life an example worth imitating. It is additionally quite advantageous that at this time in our history when we are closely re-evaluating the role of , women in our society and in our Church we are able to look into our own tradition and grasp a much needed historical perspective. Certainly, - Elizabeth Ann Seton, woman, mother, teacher, innovator, and faithful, daughter of the Church, stands as a source of inspiration and guide to Catholic women of the 70's.

When a new Pope is elected a spokesman addresses the assembled crowd in St. Peter's Square with the words "We have a Pope." When Mother Seton is canonized this Sunday in St. Peter's Square, we as American Catholics can proclaim "We have a Saint."

Boston College -

Notre Dame

They began playing football at the University of No~re Dame some 88 years ago. In those early days the student body was comprised of Irish lads whose families populated the Mid-west. It was only natural that the team should be called the Fighting Iris.h. The team lived up to that name and established a tradition of winning. The victories on the gridiron brooght fame and economic support for the university and made it the darling of Catholics throughout the land. So no one should really be upset at the skillful manipulations which are being constantly undertaken to maintain that tradition of winning. At Notre Dame ~m awful lot of effort goes into the football program. Everything from recruitment to publicity, from budget to training is expertly handled. For example take scheduling. Now the officials at Notre Dame are very conscious of the role their football team plays as the champions of American Catholics.. It certainly wouldn't make much sense for this team which plays one of the toughest schedules in the country to be beaten by another Catholic college, would it? Therefore Notre Dame has played only three games against other Catholic colleges in the last fifty years. In 1928 they played Loyola of New Orleans and in 1927 and 1951 they played the University of Detroit. . Now twentyfour years since their last game against a Catholic opponent, . they will play Boston College on Monday night. you have to admit that is real smart scheduling. -We hope BC creams 'em.

@rhe ANCHOR OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722 675-7151

PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D.



Rev. Edward J. Byington

Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan . . . . leary Press--Fall


PLUCKING OUT UFE: An abortionist's hand plucks the slender life-thread of a small fetus in this wood carving by artist-sculptor Gene Jantzen of Bartelso, Ill. The white marble base for the hand said Jantzen suggests our supposedly perfect civilization, out of which arises the "terror of abortion." NC Photo


II I nlrillii Ii"![li!i] I I 111..1 Iii


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St. William's ChurCh

Historical Sense

Two Holy Union Sisters have pronounced final vows in their community. They -are Sister Mary Lou Sullivan, dflughter of Mr. and Mrs. E<.Iward J. SuHlvan, Fall River, and Sister Marlene Lewis, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Lewis, Baltimore. Their commitments were received by Sister Marilyn Spellman, provincial superior. Sister Mary Lou tooki her-vows in the convent chapel of Sacred Hearts Academy, Fall River, at a Mass celebrated by Rev. John Fulchetti,' -Immaculate Conception Church, Astoria, N.Y. A re'ception followed. The religious is a graduate of Sacred Hearts Academy and attended Bridgewater State College for one year before entering reUgious life in 1966. She received a bachelor's degree from George . Washington University, Washington, D.C. and has taught in Immaculate Conception School, Astoria, for the past three years. Sister Marlene Sister MarJene's ceremony took place -at a Mass at St. Joseph's Church, Taunton, with Rev. Marcel Bouchard as principal celebrant and Rev. William Farland and Rev. Michael Nagle as concelebrants. A reception fotlowed at St. Joseph's Convent. Sister Marlene entered the Holy Union community in 1965 after graduating from the Institute of Notre Dame, Baltimore. She holds a bachelor's degree from Trinity Oollege, Washington, D.C. and has taught at Sacred Heart School, Fall River, and the Taunton Catholic Middle School. She serves as vice-president of the Sisters' Senate of the FaH River diocese.

Not long ago I was speaking to one of our diocesan seminarians. In the course of our conversation he began to Miriam Condon complain about the dullness of the various courses he had to pursue in the seminary. His special invectives were Sister of Mercy Miriam E. Condon, daughter of reserved for the field of and Mrs. J. Harry Condon Church history which he felt Students find it necessary to Mr. specialize more and more ex- of 42 Veery Road, Attleboro, was' completely unnecessary clusively on smaller and smaller MA was received into the Sisters and totally lacking in any areas of knowledge. To be sure of Mercy at a reception held at

meaningful relationship to ministry. This mentality, which is often ,found in t-he Church today, is indeed sad and to be pitied. Many of the so called problems which have risen in the Church in the days since_ Vatican II have their origin in the minds of men and women who just cannot put the Church in focus because of their own lack of knowledge and understanding of the history of the Ohurch. Many of them just do not know where they are and have doubts about where they are going because they have no idea where they have been. ,In an age which seemingly is continually tripping over its own mistakes on all social levels, it is indeed sad to see so many students 'attempting to be experts while at the same time neglecting the pursuit of studies which could really give them the intellectual foundations they so desperately need. Never before in the life of man on this earth have men known so much about so many things and never have they been so confused on such basic questions about life itself.

they have collectively pushed back frontiers of knowledge. However in the process specialists have necessarily closed their minds to everything except their own little specialties. They let the rest of the world go by. They sacrifice wisdom for learning. The person who is active and involved in tooay's Church should always remember that Christianity is a historical religion and it is involved inseparately with the living process of history. Christianity teaches the existence of a divine progress in history, which is to be realized through the Kingdom of God. It is necessary always to realize that the Church is a historic community which finds its successes and faiures not where the politician or lawyer find them but where Christ found them. The modern seminarian, more than ever, must develop a historical sense and realize that the Church in every age and among every people is called to carryon the work of divine restoration, which is the true end of history.

St. Mary's Convent, Franklin, MA on September 8, 1975. Sister Mary Mercy McAuliffe, R.S.M., Provincial Administrator presented her with the Mercy Cross, external symbol of the Community and also the Mercy Covenant, the Community rule of life.. Miriam is a graduate of Bishop Feehan High School, class of 1965 and Bay State Jr. College of Business in 1968 with a degree in Secretarial Science. Miriam will reside at St. Mary's Convent in Franklin, MA while continuing "'her apostolic . work as bookkeeper at Bishop Feehan High SchooL

Delaware to Mark Seton Canonization WILMINGTON ~NC) - Delaware's Gov. Sherman W. Tribitt has signed a proclamation designating Sept. 14 at St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Day. Delaware is believed to be the first state to officially commemorate Mother Seton's canonization on Sept. 14._

Letters to the Editor Mary Carson Pro Dear Editor, I do not believe Mary Carson's column should be dropped from The Anchor because it i5 the most interesting 'and human column in the paper. If being a Catholic means we cannot have thoughts and feelings of our own, and that a CathoHc newspaper does not print these, then it's a sad situation indeed. Her column on Mrs. Betty Ford was bealltifully written and I'm sure mo~hers everywhere mU5t agree with much of what she said. Your subscription rate would increase if there were more columns like it! Sincerely, (Mrs.) Mary Jane Richard Fairhaven Dear Editor, Mary Carson, through her column, sharing her experiences of a life lived in faith with her husband and eight children has brought comfort and inspiration to many women. Perhaps her conclusions do not please everyone, but her reasoning is grounded in 'faith and her opinions are applications of that faith in today's world. For many, to open the priesthood to women is a startling innovation. Although Pope Paul VI is opposed to this, there is no reason to 5uppose that his ruling may not be changed by the next Pope. The laws of the Church are varied in their enforcement in time and place. Changes in the rules have occurred in our time .in the rn~tter of eating meat on Friday and fulfilling the obligat.ion of weekly Mass on Saturday rather than Sunday. The need for more priests may eventually modify eligibility to the priesthood. Please don't drop Mary's column for she tells it like it is. Sincerely Margaret M. Coggin New Bedford DearEditor, Thank God for people ilke Mary Carson and Betty Ford. These are the people who have experienced life and can talk from experience and with knowledge. If The Anchor drops Mary _Carson's column, you cail cancel my subscription. I don't consider the Pope to be my conscience. He can only teach, and like any parent, we know that after we have done all we can to teach our children right from wrong, they are still going to have to lead their own lives. We will all answer for ourselves. Respectfully, Mrs. Dolores M. Vasconcell05 New Bedford Dear Editor, One of the strong reasons we subscribe to and look forward to getting The Anchor every week, is Mary Carson's Column. In my humble opinion, she is a beautiful and gifted person. To. be able to put into words the things so many of us feel in our hearts, and then add just that necessary little pinch of humor is wonderful.

She lives in a real live world and talks about it as she and many others see it. We enjoy her columns and miss them when they are not there. If her column is dropped from your paper, then our subscription will also be dropped. This is in rebuttal to the letter from Genevieve Foley of New Bedford which appeared .in your September 4th issue. A. J. Couture Somerset Mary Carson Con Dear Editor, With regard to the "Letter to the Editor" by Genevieve Foley, I agree with her that Mary Carson should not advocate in her writings what 'is against Our Holy Father's wishes., This week's column (Sept. 4) concerning Betty Ford, in my opinion is in bad taste. How can a person who advocates abortion be looked upon as a model mother? Thank you for your time, and God and Our Lady Bless you! Respectfully Yours, Alice Beaulieu New Bedford

usual Diocesan articles in prai'se of self. While there is something to be said about the space devoted to controversy, I cannot help but notice that the Greeley articles stand apart from even the most controversial in that throughout the very fiber of his inner being, he 5eems to have a need to lash out at people "just for being what they are." This article in condemnation of the Christians in thecharimaticrenewal seems to me to be a new low in his habit of lashing out at anything and anybody that does not agree with his way of looking at things, I would like to take each statement and comment on it but I know that' would fBI two or three pages. . Above all, Jesus taught love, even of those with whom we disagree. Perhaps Greeley wrote this column in a fit of temper or was blinded by his emotionalism at the time he wrote it and has now had time to, re~read what he wrote, much as "the only power in the Gospel is the power of service," If this is the case, I know he will be back in fellowship with God by now; if not, the power of prayer I have always found useful and effective. May God bless him and the Holy Spirit inspire future columns to

DeAr Editor Genevieve Foley's lettet rec' , ommending dropping Mary Carson's column was excellent-as well as her other ideas expressed. Seeing the Carson column headed "Betty Ford Gives Inspiraton to Mothers in this week's Anchor should have assured us YOU WILL DROP HER! What mother waS' inspired, I ask, by a woman who was overjoyed with the abortion decision of the Supreme Court - who feels she probably would try marijuana if she were young today-like beer, she said! Replacing her with a splendid, well-educated CathoHc mother of six who is working against passage of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) against abortion, againSot pornography, and against the downgrading of the .family and home-namely Phyllis Schlafly-would be an excellent improvement! Readers interested in working with the organization Mrs. Schlafly is coordinating could write her at Box 618, Alton, Illinois 62002. She was an honor graduate from Radcliffe, is an author, lecturer, TV commentator and lawyer-and her husband is also a highly respected lawyer and Catholic activist. YourS' truly, Kathryn Ellis Nowak Marion Greeley Dear Editor About your issue of September 4 ... where else could you find in a Religious pubHcation such a variety of things as a picture of a Playboy Bunny, the first sane article on the Betty Ford thing, another bitterly sarcastic article by Andrew Greeley, and the

include the light of love that is inherent in all of our souls and shines forth in our writing. Virginia Marie Cooney Westport Congratulations Dear Editor I would like to take this opportunity to thank Msgr. Shalloo and Fr. John Driscoll for all the time and effort that has gone into setting up and continuing a weekly diocesan newspaper. Th'is task along with the duties of being pastors of their respective parishe5', does add a considerable 'amount of pressure. I am grateful that they had the energy lind the good health to perform these duties since its beginning. It is now the duty of a younger man with new ideas and hopes, to build on the foundation firmly set by two men who preceded him. The Anchor, one among many such papers, is our medium of communication here in our diocese and must compete with many others; all the more reason to constantly strive to be alI that it should be as an extension of God's Word. I am very pleased to see the addition of a "Letters To The Editor" section, for communication can only be had, when there is a medium for exchange with the rea4ers. May Father Byington be able to continue to build on the foun-


THE ANCHORThurs., Sept. 11, 1975

dation already laid and that it continue to grow not only in circulation, but also in spreading the Good News. Sincerely yours, Rev. Thomas C. Lopes, New Bedford

Doane' Heal 'Ames INCOlrO .... IID

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River.-Thur. Sept. 11, 1975


Tim,es B,ound, to C;hang,e, Ju,st Hurry Up



I'm beginning to realize that my life is usually a few years ahead of where I'd like to be. By the time events get . around to solving one of my problems, the problem no longer exists for me. For example, when r was young I wanted to take part in youth activities in my parish. The pastor at will be reduced substantially. I'm approaching my menothat time felt that young pause, and I'm absolutely certain people would damage the that right after 1 pass it the Church property. There were no youth activities. 1 still live in the same parish. We have' a new pastor who places a hi'gh pl'liority on youth


activities. Almost every night in the week our parish is alive with programs for young people. Problem is . . . I'm no longer young. This pattern in my life has shown up in many ways. My children attended our parochial elementary school. The oldest started there i6 years a,go. No School Shoes The school had a policy that uniform shoes had to be purchased from a selected dealer. The shoes were overpriced, falsely guaranteed, and 1 didn't like the dealer anyway. So my kids never had the school shoes. For 16 years the sisters endured my lack of cooperation, and 1 endured my kids wailing, "But they're not the right shoes." My youngest graduated from the school this past June, and last Sunday there was a notice in the Church bulletin: "There will be no uniform school shoes this year." This sort of thing has happened so often in my life that I'm starting to predi'ct the future, based on my present problems. One of the most difficult problems my husband and 1 face these days is the tuition at our local Catholic high school. Each year it has gone up till it is now out of sight. We have three youngsters in the school,. including that one who just finished elementary school. I'm convinced that four years from now, just as that one graduates, our diocese will undertake a vigorous fund raising campaign for its schools, and the tuition

First VOWS' Paul M. Sullivan, son of Mr. and Mrs. John E. Sullivan, 24 Simpson Lane, Assonet, pronounced first vows as a member of the Society of Jesus earlier this month at Campion Residence and Renewal Center, Weston. A 1973 graduate of Holy Cross College and holder of a master's degree in education from Boston College, he is now furthering his studies in philosophy at Gonzaga University, Spokane, Wash.

Church wiJl revise its teaching on birth control. 1 was thinking all this last night as 1 dozed off to sleep. 1 dreamt 1 died and drew a long term in Purgatory. Things Changed While 1 was in Purgatory the Church back on earth began to do a lot of things 1 had been in favor of -when 1 was alive. A modern married couple was canonized, women were being ordained, divorced and remarried Catholics were being admitted to the Sacraments, even married priests were being permitted to exercise their priesthood. My suffering in Purgatory was more a'cute because I couldn't say, "I told you so," to all the people who told me these things would never happen. But the worst was yet to come. My time in Purgatory was finally over. St. Peter unlocked the gates and I stepped into Heaven. I wasn't two steps inside when St. Michael the Archangel flew up to St. Peter with a message: "Pete, the Boss says to open the gates wide and throwaway your' keys." "How come?" asked St. Peter. "H'e just established a new policy. From now on He's going to let everybody in."

. Stewardship Council Plans Conference _ ARLINGTON (NC)-Promoting stewardship on the parish and diocesan level will be examined at the NationaoJ Catholic Stewardship Council's (NCSC) 12th annual conference to be held Oct. 28 to 30 in this Washington, D. C., suhurb. A new book by the NCSC entitled "Stewardship for Money, A Manual for Parishes" will be introduced at the conference. The manual sets up a sevenweek educational appeal to inspire the parishioner to give in thanks because he has received, rather than to give to meet a parochial need or budget. The chief fund-raisers of 80 dioceses compose the NCSC, which is dedicated. to developing to the fullest the Church's use of people's time, talents, and financial resources.

SILVER JUBILARIANS: Sister Jeanne Beauregard (left) and Sister Barbara McCarthy have marked 25 years as members of the Dominican Sisters of St. Catherine of Siena. Sister Jeanne, a native of St. Dominique, St. Hyacinthe, Quebec, has served in houses at Plattsburgh, N.Y. and Acushnet and is now stationed at her community's motherhouse in Fall River. Sister Barbara of Malone, N.Y., formerly a teacher and then principal of Dominican Academy, Fall River, is now coordinator of schools for the Diocesan Department of Education. . .

Vi路etnam,es,e Ask 'Arc:hbishop's Assistancle NEW ORLEANS (NC)-"Right sponsor and the difficulty of "So that you can trust on our Reverend Archbishop. . . We have left our homeland and religious life, on our honesty and hope you will hear our cry, and found a new life from the death on our good and upward orientayour. charity will save us from finding a sponsor for a family of tion. For being worthy with your suffering because we do not real- 13. They have been in Ft. Chaf- pity, with your help, we will try ly know what is going to hap- fee. for nearly three months, he with all our effort to live as a said. "Now, we are suffering and good Christian, a useful mempen to us." Thus began a letter from Le don't know what to do, but ~on颅 ber of the American community Van V,inh, a Vietnamese refugee tinue to pray that you and more in purpose of glorifying our Holy at Ft. Chaffee, Ark.. to Arch- American people will hear our Catholic Church." bishop Philip M. Hannan of New cry for help." Orleans. Vinh's family of 13 conSome other refugees and some Bath Tub Ruined ? sists of his wife, five children . of their cousin's families have ranging from two to 12 years of left Ft. Chaffee for Louisiana, rJ-. age, his father and mother, two Vinh wrote. ~' brothers, a sister, a cousin and Asking the archbishop to find himself. NO'll () a parish to sponsor them, Vinh Vinh worked as an accountant, pointed out that almost all the We Can RESURFACE IT! comptroller 'and director of a family members were instructed , Like New - Guaranteed - No Remoyai WH ITE OR COLOR government bank in a village in -jn the seminary and monastery Call Collect LECTROGLAZ 1路385路9319 northern South V,ietnam. for several years. "When the communists' invasion hap"'ened last AprH, we had to move over 12 provinces on a barge floating in the open sea for several days, no food, no water," he wrote to Archbishop Hannan. "Sometimes we thought we should be dead, but always ROUTE 6--between Fall River and New Bedford we kept our faith in God. At last, thanks to God,. we came One of Southern New England's Finest Facilities safely to Saigon and then used a rickety sampan to the U. S. Navy for on Pacific Ocean. "We have left al1 we had to protect our ideal liberty. We to keep our beautiful faith," FOR DETAILS CALL MANAGER-636-2744 or 999-6984 V,inh went on to relate the family's concern about finding a








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Can CUlt Clo,thies Costs With skirts hovering around the $30' plus mark, a decent pair of slacks selling in the $25 category and blouses labeled ' with $40 price tags, Clothes are a major investment. In the big cities where affluence is not uncommon, the rich and the people who would like to be (that's most of us) have dis- and when they decided to go into business for themselves this was covered a mutual goal-that' the sort of shop they decided to of recycling clothes. open. Not only is recycling good for the ecology, but for the pocketbook, and nowhere is that'·point better mustrated than in the area of clothing.



How many good skirts, sweaters, coats, etc. do we throw out or giveaway because we're tired of them? How many dressy children's clothes do we relegate to the back of the closet until. the day arrives w:hen absolutely no one in the house could possibly fit in them and out they go. Second Time Round Well, in many areas clothes are getting a second ti~e around and this has been going on for years. Women who can buy costly clothing dCi not want to be seen in the same outfit time and time again, so they discover a store that features "slightly" usea clothes and place their items with the owner on a consignment basis. Many smart women across the nation have long been aware of this type of business and have used it to their advantage, either as a seller or a buyer: Paula Souza of St. Louis parish in Fall River..... and Marilyn Martin of Holy Name parish in the sirme city, both smart gals who enjoy looking for bargains, knew of this type of operation

Teachers on Strike In Brooklyn School 'FLUSHING (NC)-Lay teachers of five high schools in· the two-county diocese of Brooklyn, N. Y., voted 123 to 33 to go on strike after negotiations broke down here over higher salaries and better working conditions. But on the starting day of the school term, the. schools remained open, with classroom activities fCir 6,800 students handled mainly by members of religious orders. As picket lines formed outside the schools, both sides geared for a long work stoppage by the Lay Faculty Association (LFA), an affiliate of the America,n Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO. In 1973, teachers in the ut?iori were off the job for four weeks before ending the strike, but continuing their demands. Money, seniority, layoffs, class sizes and unemployment insurance figured in the negotiations for a new two-year contract.

Located in one of the busier of the city, their neat Uttle store features everything from lovely knitted capes and matching tams for young ladies ,to patchwork skirts ·for the older set. Fame Will Spread Thus far word of mouth and small handout cards have been their only advertising but once the thoughtful shopper gets a p~ek at the bargains that can be amassed in such a store, their fame will spread. Presently limited space prevents Paula and Marilyn from having the ~arge variety they .hope eventually to carry, but for the woman who gets joy out of a bal'gain their store offers treasures. Since the recession has forced all of us to take a second and even third look at our buying habits, perhaps a shop such as this, run by two ladies with taste, is part of the answer to the high cost of clothing.

Diocesan women planning to attend the convention of the National Council of Catholic WomeB' to he held Friday through Tuesday, Nov. 7 through 11 in Portland, Ore., will meet at 2 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 21 at St. Mary's Cathedral school, Fall .River. Flight and tour information will be distributed at this time. It is noted that one delegate from each group affiliated with the Fall River Diocesan Council of Catholic Women will be eligible to' vote at this convention and ~ that Mrs. Michael J. McMahon, president of the diocesan group, is a nominee for the office of national treasurer. A large attendance from the diocese is therefore urged.


Court Approves Mass On University Campus' ,DOVER (NC) - The Delaware Supreme Court has ruled that two Newman Center chaplains may say Mass on the University of Delaware campus despite uriiversity claims that such services are in violation of the "Establishment Clause" of the First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution. In overturning a lower court decision that banned such services on campus, the state supreme court held that any denial of campus tacilities to student groups on the basis of religion would be an infringement on their constitutional rights. The state high court also said that the university can keep within its constiutional responsibilitt!s as ·Iong as it offers religious groups the same access to facilities that it would offer . to non-religious groups. In defending its policy, which forbids worship services on cam-pus, the university had cited a section of its charter which states: "The university should never be managed or conducted in the interest of any party, sect or denomination."

Seek Additional GONE BUT NOT FORGOTfEN: Eamon' de Valera, Black Members the great patriot and fonner President of the Irish Republic who died on August 29 in Dublin -at age 92, is shown here with Pope John XXIII in 1962. NC Photo


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BALTIMORE (NC)-Arehbish. op William D..Borders of Baltimore has tH'ged the people of Baltimore to accept a new public school desegregation ,plan and to insure that "reason, cooperation and peace will prevail." In a statement entitled "The Need for Positive Thinking in the ReoPening 'of Schools," the archbishop praised "the leadership of many neighborhood organiza'tions, administrators, teachers, religious leaders, and especially concerned parents" of their role in the implementation last fall_of a school desegregation plan drawn up by the Department of Health, Education 'and Welfare. That leadership, he said, "caused reason, justice and charity, for the most part, to prevail."

Of School Plan Noting that the school board, the interim school sunerintendent and staff, after wide consultation, have drawn up a new zoning plan for the city for acceptance by HEW, the archbishop said: . "This plan, as any plan, also has limitations, inasmuch as we live in a .imperfect world, and completely acceptable solutions cannot exist. Improvements were made last year, and again we must consider any plan as an ongoing process, open to change, amendment, and further improvements." . Archbishop Borders a'cknowledged parents' fears about their children's safety and' concern about ourriculumand -the varying quality of the physical facilities of schools.



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MEMPHIS (NC) - Greater efforts to recruit blacks into the Franciscan order were called for at 6pecial conference called to assess the low percent.lge of black vocations to the priesthood and the Religious life. The meeting was attended by 26 Franciscans, black and white, who pledged their cooperation in aggressively promoting their way of life in the black communities. Resolutions were approved calling for Franciscan to invite potential candidates from black America to live in their houses and 'allow them' to share th~ communities' life and active ministries, and to engage the services of black Franciscans to conduct recruiting activities. In addition, continuing efforts were urged to educate order members to the ways of a black life and culture.



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THE ANCHORThurs., Sept. 11, 1975

New Coaches At Stonehill John Heslin John Heslin of Bridgewater, was recently reappointed Head Soccer Coach. Heslin returns after a seven year absence, replacing the retired John Blanchon. Heslin became Stonehill's first soccer coach in 1962 and retained that position until 1968 when administra·tive duties forced him to resign. Heslin has also served' as a New England socc~r official. He is a former president of the EOAC Soccer Official's Association. Heslin initiated a Youth Soccer League in Bridgewater in addition to being the founding father of Stonehill's soccer program. Members of the Bridgewater Youth Soccer Program willpl'llY during the halftime intermission of various StonehiU home games this year.

Boston College And No~treDame Meet. Monday Night At Foxboro; New England Game Of The Century


Thurs., Sept. 11, 1975

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Portuguese Pastor Is Real Member of Fighting Irish

Monsignor Antone Gomes has been sitting on the bench with University of Notre Dame football teams for nearly 40 years. When Notre Dame's newest coach, Dan Devine, leads the Fighting Irish into Schaefer Stadium in Foxboro to battle Boston College Monday, Sept. 15, Mon- . signor Gomes will be there Once again. As an unofficial chaplain to the Fighting 'Irish football team, Monsignor Gomes has seen thouBob O'Connor sands of young men enhance the Robert "Bob" O'Connor, ,25, spirit of a school that has as of New York City, has been apmany subway alumni as degree pointed Assistant Athletic Direcholders. tor and Assistant Head BasketA match between Notre Dame ball Coach. O'Connor previously and Boston C;:ollege is bound to coached at Power Memorial High New York City and at be an attraction since the two the State University of New teams have never met even MSGR.GOMES York at Purchase. During the though they have been playing football since the end of the 19th past five summers he has been mon at many other universities an instructor at several basket- century. Then there is the mystique of with top-twenty football teams. ball camps. "A boy goes to Notre Dame as O'Connor is a 1972 graduate a Fighting Irish team, amplified a student first, then as an IIthwhen it5 thou5l1m:l:> ul fa·ns ut Iuml Cullege and holds a BA in Speech. At Iona, he was a launch into a "Cheer, cheer for lete," ~aipsMonsignor Gomes. ·,,~'Not. only that, but athletes live basketball teammate of Stone- old Notre Dame . . ." hill Athletic Director and Head Monsignor Gomes, director of w~ 'Other students; they're not Basketball Coach Harry Hart. the Catholic Charities Appeal for segregated." At many colleges O'Connor is presently enrolled the Diocese of Fall River, attrib- and universities where heavy in a Masters' of Education Pro- utes this spirit to an attitude emphasis is placed on football or gram at Columbia University. towards athletes that is unc:om- basketball, athletes live apart from other members of the study body creating an elitist attitude. ·~It's a small school,and nearly everyone lives on campus. With athletes living in dormitories with other members of their class, they eat together, pray together, study together and even raise ruckus together. I think that is what ma'kes this school different." Monsignor Gomes attended Notre Dame in the depression _years after graduatIng from Taunton High School and starring" in ·football and baseball. At Notre Dame he played football, although he describes his competition as "mainly on the bench." Like many of his classmates, Monsignor Gomes did not lose contact with Notre Dame after graduation. His association with the football team continued through the years and for the past 10 years he has attended every game. During his association with the university, M?nsignor Gomes feels that campus 'life has changed very little. Unlike many schools which lower academic standards for athletes, he says some Notre Dame players take their books along with them when the team is playing away from the campus. "Athletes have to maintain a 77 point average even though the KEN MaeAFEE FROM BROCKTON: Son of the fOIUler passing grade for everyone else Giants' star, Ken was all state and All American at Brockton is 70," be points out. "I think that some faculty members are High. This 19 year old, 6' 4", 240 lbs., sophomore will tougher on athletes than on probably start at tight end for .the Irish. other students.

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Football is a rallying point for By D. Leo MoMhan . alumni and college presidents . Courtesy of the : iong have noted that Joe Grad is Boston Herald-American On the road games, Monsignor 'particularly' susceptible to a conGomes occasionally says Mass BOSTON - Dave Almeida of BC-Notre Dame will stir once- . iribution when he's around the for team members before a game. St. Francis Xavier parish in staid Boston as no college foot- ",autumnal action. Good. Both An official team chaplain from Acushnet says he had always game in at 'least three decschools need a financial lift and balI the campus ministry accomades, and don't give me that don't think the $240,000 apiece wanted to pJ.ay professional footpanies the team, he added. 29-29 Harvard "win" over Yale, frOm ABC won't come in handy. ball but it was just a dream. That goal is more realistic now Monsignor Gomes said that ,pal. I'm talking about real, headDan Devine, ND's new coach ' nearly all football players attend Iknockin' Big Apple stuff, not was 126-40-8 at Arizona State that he will be in the starting Mass the day of the game, even squat tag. and Missouri before he subjected lineup for Boston College in the those who are non-Catholic. For one thing, both teams are·" himself _ and family - to the Eagles' fir·st meeting against The schedule for a Notre Top 20 material in Sports Illus- NFL madness in Crl'een Bay. De- Notre Dame Monday, Sept. 15. Watcning him play defense Dame football team preparing traled this week. For another, vine has a tough act to follow...;... for a home game is traditional. ABC- TV runs it coast-to-coast Are. 'Parseghian - ' but ND has against the always potent Notre On Friday nights, there'are ral· from Schaefer Stadium. For stilI made few mistakes in head Dame offense at Schaefer Stalies, ·at which most students at- another, this - first meeting of ooaching decisions down the dium in Foxboro will be 61,000 fans, including his parents, Mr. tend. Then the team goes to the the Catholic schools - gives BC years. other side of the campus and its .first bona fide shot at nationYes, Devine follows a tough 'and Mrs. Pedro Almeida of 110 spends the night at the seminary. wide prominence since, welI,. aet, but so did everybody at Main St. Acushnet. "They're proud of me," AlmeiThere will be a Mass the morn· smce the ba'lcyon days of the South Bend who followed Kn'qte ing of the 'game and then a late Frank Leahy. , Rockne 'and, later, Frank Leahy. da says of his parents, "and this steak dinner. Then, more often Ab, Leahy, both schools re- They are the ultimates to many pushes me harder. They're my than not, the team will go into member him well: The young _ and for'good reason. The fact biggest fans." "My parent~ come to all the Notre Dame Stadium and 59,000 successor to gloamy Gil Dobie at that Leahy played for Rockne home games and this year they screaming fans will watch the the Heights, the man who feared , added to the picture. Fighting Irish win another game. Idaho, the genius who took It is fitting that Frank Leahy .even talk about going tQ the people like O'Rourke and Toczy. _ will be the centel'piece of the away games. That would be too "Our players come from all over the country," Monsignor lowski and Zabilski and Kerr and 'l luncheon get-together at Hynes expensive, though," Almeida .-Gomes said, adding when Goudreault and moulded 'em into .; and I' don'.t blame the ladies for said, explaining that Boston Colpressed, .that he views the coal Cotton and Sug!lr Bowl occu-,.. being peeved it's a stag affair for lege plays in P.hiladelphia, Mor· :," .<m-those male chauvinists. Don"t gantown, W.Va., Syracuse, N.Y., . mining areas of Pennsyhrania pants. Oh, Balding Eagles have their ; they realize._the tender gender and at West Point, N.Y. this seaand Ohio as prime ·locations for recruiters seeking top high memories - fleet Lou Montgom-, was every bit as involved as son. "Wben I was a child and later ery; O'Rourke prancing 'around . their dates at alI those games school football talent. in high school, iI wanted to play "We'll get calls from. high the end zone for the safety in.", away back when? professional ball. That was a the thriller with Georgetown at , The old grads, along with their school football coaches, alumni dream then, but now at the level and parish priests about out- Fenway Park; the mobs at South ' children - and grandchildren I'm pillying, it is more possible. ,the departures to 'wilI be on hand, toasting the Station for standing players. The coaches I have to be realistic, though, it New Orlean!!. . told and blue of South Bend and Dallas and, later, will look at the boy's Ufe, his Leahy, the master, of course. . &te maroon and gold of the is very difficult to make the pro grades, talk with his high school moved on to his alma mater at Heights. Some of 'em, of course," coach-they want to know his Almeida had contact with proSouth Bend and moulded national are Balding Eagles and gray overall personality." champions with people like An- j flecks the sideburns of many an fessional players this summer Monsignor Gomes added that when he was a counselor at the when a youngman receives an gelo Bertelli, Johnny Lujack - ,. Irish rooter.. Joe Namath Football Camp in remember Lujack vs. Army in There will be camaraderie and athletic scholarship at Notre Dudley, Mass. But it was more Dame, be wilI keep that scholar-- New York? - Menvil Mavraides, sood fellowship and many, many than the close association with . DAVE ALMEIDA: Former Fairhaven quarterback, Be ship if his grades are maintained of Lowell, Natick's Frank Var- Leahy stories with Toastmuter Namath and other pro players even if an injury ·prevents him richone (the feigned injury vs. 'Dave Lucey spinning 'em off and that Almeida wanted to talk hnebacker, member of St. Francis Xavier Parish, Acushnet. ; chief speaker Billy Sullivan reIowa, eh?). from playing again. Many of those alI-time Leahy calling the days with Leahy at ·about during an interview shortIt didn't take a football camp tracted him to the school. There This attitude toward athletes stalwarts, including, hopefully, ..:;BC 'and ND. ly before an Eagles' practice sesor playground program for Al- were a·bout 20 other colleges and and the closeness betweenath- giant Leon Hart, will attend the sion. There will be people like JP's meid'll to learn how to work with universities that offered scholarletes and the rest of the student noon luncheon Sept. 15 at Hynes . BiU Stewart of Boston English "I never really thought I'd like body are what makes the spirit Veterans Memorial Auditorium w,ho played for Leahy and Artie working at a camp like this young people. As one of seven ships of one type or another. of Notre Dame, a mystique that as a prelude to the 9 p.m. Schae· Donovan, All-Pro with Baltimore l1here were kids from all over the sons in the Almeida household Boston College was close to will confront the Boston College fer battie that was a 61,OOO-seat 'Colts, a man experienced on both world - one was from Saudi between the ages of 13 and 23, home and school officials showed he explained that the home was Eagles for the first time. , sellout months ago. The game v':campuses and, indeed, All-People Arabia - and they learned an a "madhouse." "I don't know they were interested. "They were banged out only moments after to anybody who has enjoyed his awful lot. They benefited from how my mother was able to honest with me," Almeida says. Almeida is expected to be one the coaching staff." ADs Bill Flynn and 'Moose' &mpany. stand us," he said. Krausse settled on the meeting it . For a few, magic boors the old Almeida went to the camp as , Since Acushnet doesn't have a of the starting linebackers for NICKERSON· seemed. bOys will be undergrads again, a counsellor by ac<:ident. Ex- high school, Almeida went to the Eagles when they meet The BOURNE It's a natural for many rea- weaving those fancy tales only pianning, he-said a friend work- neighboring _Fairhaven High Fighting Irish. Last year as a ~m FUNERAL sons, not"the least of which is diehard Notre Dame and BC ing as a counselor had called him School, which was glad to have defensive back, he intercepted a -that Notre Dame has more' football fans recall as vividly as and asked him to pick up a him as he played football, base- pass and ran it for a touchdown HOMES in the 37-0 rout of Navy. He also 'alumni in the area than any "out- if they'd ha·ppened just a mo- camper at the airport and bring ball, basketball and track. 40 MacArthur Boulevard to him to Dudley. When he got side" school. No more rabid, ment before. At 6 foot, 1 inch, 190 pounds, was on the Eagles' kickoff and Bourne, Massachusetts 02532 stompin', hair-pullin' alumnus in ' This is something 'this town the camp, he was asked to spend Almeida describes basketball as punt teams. (Rt. 6-A, Sandwich, Mass. At Fairhaven High, Almeida the football l1niverse exists than ':has never seen before, but hope- a week. That week turned into his first love but says he is beta Notre Dame man-unless it's a . Ifully will see 'again - and again. the entire season as Almeida re- ter in football. So he concen- was the starting quarterback, a mained on the staff until it was trates his attention on football 'role that led to much praise and BC man. i~1t will be a respite from the traDh, they tal«! their football se- :",an -of daily living, a retreat to time to return for pre-season .although he has been entered in many favorable headlines. George E. Towers the triple jump event in winter As a member of the defensive r.iously, these people. It's a veri- crays that become more hallowed football practice. This summer wasn't the only track. Almeida says his a·mbi- team, though, ther€ aren't as table Holy War but in this in- as times move inexorably. along. Bourne Rotary stance the oth~ .faiths can sit Yes, this is a rare and wonder- time Almeida has worked with dons to play baseball were side- many headlines. That doesn't fui occasion, but iJ'll guarantee young people. A few years ago, lined because of spring football bother Almeida, as be points out and watch the Catholics' back Gulf Station that the people he wants to be :beat the hejabbers out of each' ()ne thing: Arou~ 9 p.m. that he was with the New Bedford practice. A junior majoring in market- interested in his performance other. Somebody once described ~fght, a hU~h WIll settle over Recreation Department and spent BOURNE, MASS. an atheist as "man who watches ..el,OOO fanatl<:B before the open- the summer working with youths ing, Almeida asserts the 'Ilea· realize the importance of the deata playground in New Bed- _demic program of Boston College fense. And the scouts for pro SMU play Notre Datne and oihg kickoff. T.1. 759-4863 ford's West End. was one of the things that at- teams are in this category. doesn't care who wins." Then, brother, watch out!

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Famed Catechist

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-=Thur. Sept. 11, 1975

Higgins and Drinan End Argument on Role of usee . On August 28, in this column, -I reprinted the substance of a letter from Father Drinan, S.J., a member of Congress, claiming that in my column 01 June 30 was seriously mistaken when I said that he had attacked the U. S. Catholic Conference in a recent Hehir of the USCC staff speech on the political role of Bryan (at a recent Congressional hearthe church(es) in the United ing) as t<l whether or not he was States. The substance of my speaking for all the churches, reply, in the form of a letter which Father ,Dr-inan has al· ready received, reads as follows: "I am afraid that the two of

New' Bedford Priests Are Mary Newland Taunton Active in South America InParents and CCD coordinators Lawler was transferred to Lima, Peru where he has been pastor of the Parish of St. Rose of Lima, the first parish in Peru named in honor of the Patron of all. Latin' America. Fr. John is still .pastor of that model parish with its beautiful Church and large grammar and grade school. Father Dave had been the Regional Superior of this country in 1946-48 but had been forced 'to return to the United States due to delicate health. Following a serious operati<ln in .the early fifties he remained at home as assistant director of the Novitiate and local. Superior \)f the Society headquarters at Ossining, N.Y. Upon his return to this country he was assistant Superior for two years, pastor of the parish of San Roque in Santa Cruz and pastor of this parish of St. Anne. Both the Ministry of Education and the local Mayor bestowed the highest honors on the occasiori of the silver jubilee of the Maryknoll School and praised the work of the Maryknoll Fa.thers and Sisters during the pa'St 25 years.

(Special to The Anchor) COCHABAMBA, BOLIViASpecial honors were bestowed. upon the Maryknoll School's twenty-fifth foundation anniversary, were also a ,tribute to two of the Mission Society'S priests from the Fall River Diocese. The Maryknoll School was founded 25 years ago under the direction of Fr. John Lawler, M.M. who had also been the founder of the parish of St. Anne in the then rural district of Cala Cala.. Today, Cala Cam is an important residential area of the city and the parish for the past . five years has been in the care of another of Fall River's sons, Fr. David I. Walsh, M.M. Both of the Fall River missioners were born and raised in New Bedf<lrd, attended Holy Family High School, entered Maryknoll together and were ordained in June, 1942 at Maryknoll headquarters in New York. Frs. Lawler and Walsh were among the first la'rge group of United States priests to arrive in Bolivia in 19421 and both are very active today in this country and Peru. .Shortly after the foundation of the Maryknoll School, Fr.

and synagogues in the United States and then went on to say: 'Well, it's good to know the Roman Catholics are singing from the same hymn book in some areas.' I assume that that's an accurate quotation. I read it not in the NC News Service but Iy in the official transcript of the Congressional hearing at which MSGR. Father Hehir testified. If NC had carried the statement verbatim, GEORGE G. I .suspect that some readers would have concluded that you HIGGINS were being a bit snide. I assume that you didn't mean your stateus are caught up in a rather un- ment to sound that way but, fortunate communications snag. frankly, .that's the way it came I di~'t say that you had men- through to a number of people tioned USCC by name· in your who have seen tbi! transcript. Wegal ABens Network speech. I assumed, "In conclusion, let me hurriedhowever, on the basis of NC's summary of your speech, that ly add a couple of minor points. . "I didn't mean to criticize you you were .certainly referring to the Conference':" I might add that for not having replied to the almost everyfne I have talked various letters you have received to about thIS maUer read the from usce with regard to pendNC story in exactly the same ing legislation. I was simply way that I did. More signif- trying to make the point that, in icantly, one of your 'loyal Cath- my opinion, since you (or NC) 'oUc constituents from Boston 'left the 1mpress~on. that you not only read the story that way were criticizing the bishops (and but then went on, for the better their staff people) for concen· part ofa two-page diatribe, to trating exclusively on in~house beat the living daylights out of or institutional legislative matthe Conference. He accused the ters, you should have 1et your bishops and their national bu- audience know that you had ' reaucracy of everything but gen- been contacted on· a variety of ocide. In my reply, I told him other matters that cannot posgood naturedly that, with fdends sibly be so described. In short, like himself, his favorite Con- I think you should .have said gressman really didn't need any some of the things about the Conference that you say in ~ur enemies. letter. Lack of Clarity '''Secondly I have no quarrel "Be that as it may, r regret with your position on the illegal having misinterpreted your alien problem. This is admittedly &peech. In the interest of fair- a very complex issue and one ness and simple honesty, I plan to which there is no easy or to quote from your letter ver- simple solution. I can underbatim and at considerable length stand why some members of the in the next issue of my weekly House Judiciary Committee column-unless you tell me not would welcome more persuasion to do so. Meanwhile I think you of pressure from a, broad coaliwould be well advised to make tion of oivil rights groups. On your point more clearly":" and the other hand, I don't think with a few more qualifications they ought to sit back and wait or distinctions - the next time for such a, coalition to emerge you address yourseif to this sub- oyt'of nowhere. To the contrary, ject in a public forum. I think they ought to help create "It occurs to me, inddentally, the coalition by demonstrating that since this is the second time a certain measure of leadership that this kind of rnisunderstand~ on what is obviously a very ing ha!!.-OCcurred, perhaps your unpopular issue. own lack of clarity is a least "You are hereby cordially inpartially responsible for the mix- vited to break bread with us at up. I think you will agree that the USCC Staff House at your the NCand Washington Post earliest convenience. Please be reporters who covered your two assured that you will receive a speeches on this matter are com- very cordial welcome from one petent journalists. If they inno- and all. cently misinterpreted the point "With renewed thanks for you were trying to make about your 1etter and with kindest the bishops and their bureau- personal regards I remain, cracy, something is wrong Cordially yours, somewhere. Rev. Msgr. George C. Higgins" "While I am stHI on the sub- EDITORIAL NOTE: With the publication of Father ject of communications, I cannot help but wonder parenthetically Drinan's letter and my reply, what you were trying to prove this controversy has been conwhen you interrogated Father ,eluded.


aU parts of and teachers the diocese are invited to attend . a lectu~ -by nationally known writer and catechist Mary Reed Newland at 2:30 p.m. Sunday, Oct. 5 at Sacred Heart School, 32 Second St., Taunton, immediateIyoff Route 138, Somerset Avenue. Mrs. Newland's topic is "Teachers, Let Us Tell You Why You Count So Much." _ A small admission fee will be charged and door prize of a ~ complete set of Mrs. Newland's .tapes on catechelical subjects will be awarded. The author of many books and articles on how best to present Christian teachings to children, Mrs. Newland is the mother of eight and has for several years been chairman· of the committee <If adult and home education for the Office of Reli· gious Education of the Albany, N.Y. diocese. She has frequently spoken in the Fall River diocese. Further information on the program is available from Joseph Moore, chairman of the arrangements committee, telephone 8248591.


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Scores 'Catholic Editorial Writers' Complaints

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur. Sept. 11,1975

The Parish Parade Publicity chllrmen of oarish orlanlzatlons Ire asked to submit news Items for this column to lhe Anchor, P. O. Box 7, Fill River, 02722. Nlme of city or town should be '-cluded, IS well IS full dates of III activities. Please send news of future rlthll than past events.

There is some good news for Catholics. Despite the decline in Church attendance, vocations, and contributions, and the increase in apostasy, there has been a surge of piety among some Catholic editorial writers. Nowadays you . SS. PETER AND PAUL, FALL RIVER take your piety where you The Women's Club will sponI think clerical black is dreary can get it. What are they and a bad symbol for men who sor a whist party at 1:30 p.m. pious about? Respect? Re- are supposed to be celebrants, Sunday, Sept. 14 in the Father spect for what? For the but I still wear it-and probably Coady Center. Subsequent parties American political and social ex- more than most priests. And periment in spite of the hate- what if I didn't? What effect America bicentennial celelJration would that have on my accuof the USCC? No. For the Cath- ,racy or my insightfulness as a commentator? Stand on Ethnicity More serious is a charge of Gerald Sherry, that flying Dutchman of the Catholic press (how Iy many papers is it now?). I am guilty, Mr. Sherry informed his REV. readers, of exploiting whiteethnic hatred of blacks. Now let ANDREW M. us concede that rumor has it that Mr. Sherry has his eye on GREELEY the Chicago "New World" and hence is eager to please the Orolic' laity against the charges of dinary of that archdiocese. Such the liberation theologians who a falsehood is still unconscioncall them energy pigs? No. For 'able. My writing on ethnicity has reason and rationality against the invariably stressed exactly the lunacy of the charismatic heal- opposite point; that is, the need ers? No. Then respect for what? for a coalition hetween blacks Bishops, of course. What else? and white ethnics and the possiThe editors of a number of bility of that coalition because Catholic papers-the San Fran- the ethnics do not in fact hate cisco "Monitor" and the Boston blacks. This position was echoed "Pilot," most notably-have re- recently :(on the basis of olir cently read me stern lectures on data) by Vernon Jordan of the the need for respect of bishops. Urban League. Mr. Sherry had The ship is sinking, but we've better have good evi:lence that got to maintain respect for the I am trying to stir up white ethofficers on the bridge as it goes nics against blacks; otherwise I am going to have to charge him down. (To offset the complaint that with lying about me. Of course it could be that Mr. I never say anything good about Sherry has never heen able to bishops, I will now say somecomprehend the pluralism of his thing good: The way Archbishop adopted country and thinks that Gerety put down Arthur Jones, an interest in ethnicity involves that bumptious and arrogant Englishman who is the new ed- hatred ,of blacks by definition. But he does respect bishops. itor of the "National Catholic Reporter," made me proud to After all, what else matters? (Andrew Greeley, priest and be American, Catholic, and Irish. sociologist, is Program Director Hit 'em again, your grace!) I wonder whether there are of the National Opinion Research any editors outside the Commu- Center of the University of Chicago.) nist world who are so obsessed with respect for leaders. The © 1975, Universal Press Sy'd'c't truth of a journalistic commentary is not what is important; it is the tone that counts, and particularly the respectfulness of the tone. The issue is not whether the Archdiocese 'of Chicago is in chaos; the ,issue is whether it is respectful to say so. You certainly have to protect the laity from hearing disrespectful things about their leaders-especially since the laity can safely be presumed not to read either the secular press or ~'Time" magazine. Exactly how important truth is to some Catholic editorial writers is evident from the "obiter dicta" in their lectures to me. One writer deplored my wearing flamboyant clothes. I don't own any flamboyant clothes. I don't even own any ties-which must make me the only priest in the country who doesn't. The editor in question never met me. How does he know what I wear? And could I dress in anything more flamboyant than the purples and reds and crimsons that our leaders sport? And does it make ,any difference what kind , of clothes a man wears?

will take place at the same time and place, the second and fourth Sundays of each month. ST. JOSEPH, NEW BEDFORD Rev. Msgr. Henri Hamel, Pastor of St. Joseph's Church, New Bedford has announced that the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament will begin again on Sunday, Sept. 14 at 3 p.m. and will continue each Sunday at 3 p.m. at St. Joseph's Ohurch, Acushnet Ave. The public is invited to attend. OUR LADY OF MT. CARMEL, NEW BEDFORD Donald Aspden, president, will preside over the first PTA meeting of the school season at 7:30 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 14 in the church basement. Parents are invited to attend and meet the faculty of the parochial school. ST. JOSEPH, ATTLEBORO Knights of the Altar officers wiLl attend 9 a.m. Mass Saturday, Sept. 13. A luncheon meeting will follow in the parish hall, and a meeting for all members will take place at~ 7 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 14 in the school. St. Joseph Cub Pack 37 wiIJ register new members at 7 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 14 in the school building. ST. HEDWIG, NEW BEDFORD Senior Citizens will hold a card party at 2 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 14 in the parish hall. Refreshments will be served and many prizes awarded. The unit's next meeting is slated for 1 p.m. 'thursday, Sept. 18. Games wi'll follow a business session 'and members are requested to bring an item of canned food. OUR LADY OF PERPETUAL HELP, NEW BEDFORD The parish will hold its annual' family festival this weekend at the church hall. A dinner will be served beginning at 5:30 Saturday night and Polish and American foods will also be available throughout the weekend. A variety of booths will offer entertainment and live music will be heard Saturday night and at I, 3 and 4:30 p.m. Sunday. Festival ,hours for Sunday will begin at 11:30 a.m.

HYDRANTS PLUG VOCATIONS: Religious vocations got a plug from fire hydrants in a bicentennial decorating contest in Dubuque, Iowa. The above hydrant is located outside a convent. More than- 1,000 hydrants were painted mainly by school children.


ST. JOHN OF GOD, SOMERSET New officers of the Ladies' Guild, to be installed at a 7 p.m. Mass Wednesday, Sept. 17, are Mrs. Alice Arruda, president; Mrs. Rita Paskavitch, vice-president; Mrs. Irene Pereira and Mrs. Mary Viveiros, secretaries; Mrs. Beatrice Lapointe, treasurer. A coffee hour will follow in the church basement. All women of the parish are invited to attend.

ST. LOUIS DE FRANCE, NOTRE DAME, SWANSEA FALL RIVER Ladies of St. Anne will hold Plans for a style show have been announced by Mrs. Joseph an open meeting at 8 p.m. WedSpringer, Council of Catholic nesday, Sept. 1~ in the church Women president. To be held hall. Sister Marie William of the Monday, Oct. 6 at White's res- Dominican Sisters of the Presentaurant, No. Westport, it will tation, a former parishioner, now feature bridal and other fashion,s. superior of her community in Mrs. Yvette Roy, chairman, and West Africa, will speak and Mrs. Manuel Grillo, co-chair- show slides dealing with her man, wiU be aided by a large work. Examples of African handcommittee in making arrange- crafts will also be on view. Janet Iwanski is program ments for the 'event. Tickets for the show and an accompanying chairman for the evening and raffle are available from them Judith Kusinitz, president, will or from any committee member chair a bustness session. and may also be reserved by ST. JOSEPH" calling Mrs. Roy at 673-5309. ATTLEBORO New officers-elect of the Raffle prizes will include a basket of cheer, a money tree and Knights of the Altar are David gift certificates. Door prizes will Bowlin, supreme grand knight; Daniel Anderson, vice supreme also be awarded. grand knight; Ernest Cote, knight ST. mOMAS MORE, scribe; Stephen 'Durocher, knight SOMERSET Celebration of Benediction in treasurer. Boys from fourth the church, followed by a get- grade up wishing to join the or· acquainted coffee hour and a ganization may register through business session will feature the Sunday, Sept. 14. first meeting of the Women's HOLY NAME, Guild, slated for 7:30 p.m. Thurs- FALL RIVER day, Oct. 9. P.lans for the year A parish census is in progress, include a dinner and fashion with the northern section of the show at Venus de Milo restau- parish being visited this wee\{. rant Thursday, Oct. 23, a Children may be registered for November whist party with the the parish CCD program at the date to be announced, and the rectory this weekend. Those who annual Christmas party, set for were not baptized at Holy Name Wednesday, Dec. 10. An art are asked to bring a copy of show will be held later in the their baptismal record. Oonfirmaseason. tion classes for both public and Guild officers are Mrs. Mary parochial school ,students will Falvey, presid'ent; Mrs. Ann Gon- resume at 7 p.m. Monday, Sept. della, vice-president; Mrs. Shir- 15 at Holy Name School. The ley Guertin and Mrs. Virginia sacrament will be administered Mullins, secretaries; Mrs. Eileen Tuesday, Oct. 21. Charrette, treasurer and Mrs. The' parish will sponsor a foliRose Mullaney, chaplain. age tour of Northern ConnecAll women of the parish are ticut Sunday, Oct. 5, with the invited to affiliate themselves itinerary including a stop at the with the organiza\ion which has Montfort Fathers Marian Shrine as its goals the providing of par- at Litchfield Hills. ish services and special activSingers are needed for both ities. the parish and folk choir and guitarists are also needed. They ST. GEORGE, may contact Edmund Peter, choir WESTPORT '.. • "Old German Walzer" is the director. Rehear,sals take place theme for a dance to be spon- at 7 p.m. each Monday night in sored by the Couples Club at the church. 8 p.m. Saturday, Sept. 20 in the HOLY REDEEMER, school hall. Admission will in- CHAmAM clude a serving of "NahrungminHoly Redeemer Pastor, Rev. gel," German style dishes in- John J. Brennan, SS.CC., and the duding knockwurst, potato salad parish iointly celebrated their and other specialties. Pitcher anniversaries, Tuesday, Sept. 2. beer will also be available. The Silver' Jubilee of the pastor Tickets may be obtained from and the 20th anniversary of the dance chairmen Jim and Clau- parish were marked by a Condette Steadman, telephone 674- celebrated Mass in Holy Redeem2714 or members of their com- er Church at 6 p.m. and a Dinner mittee. Music will be by John at Chatham Bars Inn at 8 p.m. Sowa. Eleven Fathers of the Sacred Hearts and one Jesuit particST. MARY, ipated with Father Brennan in SEEKONK A prayer meeting at 7:30 p.m. the Mass and Monsignor Robert Stanton and Rev. James Kenney Su~ay, Sept. 21 for teachers, aides, helpers and parents will of the Fall River Diocese were open the year for the CCD Cen- in the sanctuary. A delegation of Sisters from ter. Sister Rita Pelletier of the dioc96an office of reHgious ed- St. Joseph's Parish in Fairhaven ucation will. speak and those who were associated with Father present will join in spontaneous Breennan during his pastorate there attended. prayer. ST. WILLIAM, ST. GEORGE, FALL RIVER WESTPORT , Women's Guild members opened St. George Women's Guild will their season last night with a sponsor a Rummage Sale on Satcoffee hour and registration of urday, Sept. 13,' 1975 from 9 new members. a.m. to 1 p.m. at St. George A dinner dance is planned for Church Hall, Westp-ort~Dart­ Saturday night, Oct. 25 in the mouth. A Bake Sale will be held parish center. Mrs. Raymond in conjunction with the RumGagnon, guild president, is in mage Sale. Proceeds will benefit charge of arrangements. the school.



THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur. Sept. 11,1975

AA Co-founder Subject Of Thomsen Biography A few weeks ago Alcoholics Anonymous observed its 40th anniversary, during its convention in Denver. The convention delegates numbered 20,000, but this is only a small fraction of 'the hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions, who have benefited from this remarkable organ- cut down a little, and always remember to eat when he drank." ization. The co-founder of Partner in Syndicate AA was Bill Wilson, the subject of a new biography by Robert Thomsen, Bill W. (Harper & Row, 49 East 33rd St., New York, N. Y. 10016. 373 pages.




$10.95). Wilson was a Vermonter, born in 1896. His parents, of contrasting backgrounds, separated in 1905 and were divorced. His mother thereupon left Bill and his sister with her parents and went off to Boston to make a ·career for herself. Bill was a listener, a watcher, and a learner. He threw himself unre5ervedly, almost fanatically, into whatever he undertook. He was the sooial inferior of the other students at the' exclusive Burr and Burton Academy which he managed to enter, and he worked prodigiously to gain recognition there. In this he was successful, and he won the affection of one of the ablest and most attractive girl students. Her sudden death wa5 a shattering blow to him. He began to suffer strange attacks of anxiety, feelings of inadequacy, and these produced disabling physical effects which doctors found unaccountable. But then he met Lois Burnham, the daughter of a prosperous physician, and they became engaged. Their marriage plans were delayed when the Vermont 'National Guard, of which he was a member, was mobilized at the time of the Mexican border incident of 1916. While in the military 5ervice during World War I, Bill began to drink regularly. He found it relaxing; it freed him and made the world seem wonderful. It presented no problem. He and Lois Burnham were married in 1918. He got a job which consisted largely of investigating defaults by Wall Street stock exchange finns. He soon struck out on his own, going about the country to examine at first hand the operations of industrial firms wh05e stock was traded on the exchange. He did very well at this, and made plenty of money. Now h-e was drinking steadily. This he rationalized. "He was not a drunk, he told himself, he was a man who drank badly at times. What he must do was

It didn't work. He drank more and more. He bristled with hostility, and often fought. He lied about his drinking. He wa5 hit .by occasional spells of profound anxiety. Then came the stock market crash ·of 1929, and he was wiped out. He got a job in Canada, but was fired as a result of his drinking. He became a partner in a speculative syndicate but was dropped when he broke his pledge, not to drink. He began to fear that he might go insane. Sleep eluded him; he wa5 plagued by hallucinations. A friend from schooldays, who had been a problem drinker, spoke to him about the Oxford Group and the help it had given him to stop drinking. Bill listened to members of the group, but resi~ted the suggestion that he submit to God. He met Dr. William Silkworth, who was -working out a theory about alcoholism. Silkworth believed that alcoholism was an iIIne5s, a mental obsession combined with a physical allergy.

- Moment of ConverSion'

You Don't Need Marriage Encounter--But ,You Deserve It, Say Participants By PAT McGOWAN

"We can't really tell you what, it's like because it's different for everyone." "You don't need it-but you deserve it." "!t's not for bad marriagesit's to, make a good marriage better." Such tantalizing snippets of information whetted the curiosity of members of Holy Name parish, Fall River, who attended a Marriage Encounter speakers' night held last Sunday in the school hall. • Th05e who came didn't go away with a great many hard facts about the world-famous Encounter movement, hut they were impressed by the enthusiasm of the "encountered" couples. Ray and Denise Plante from Notre Dame parish, Fall River, and Richard and Diane Raiche from St. William's, FaH River, aided by Rev. Marc Bergeron, St. Anthony of Padua, New Bedford, did say that Marriage Encounters began in Spain in 1957 as an outgrowth of the Christian Family Movement. They came to the United States in the 60's and in Massachusetts alone 15 weekends a month are given, reaching nearly 400 couples. Worldwide, 100,000 couples a month are "encountered." The weekend format i5 simple, said the panelists. A team of three couples, plus a priest, gives presentations on various aspects of marriage. After each' pres~n­ tation, each couple making the weekend retires to discus5 the material privately, often with the help of questionnaires.

Silkworth helped Bill greatly, and so did Rev. Samuel Shoemaker, whose interpretation of prayer (listening as well as "We give you the methods speaking) appealed to Bill. There came for Bill a moment of con- and tools for closer communicaversion" "some tremendous psy- tion with your spouse," said chic upheaval," which he" was Father Bergeron. He noted that $:onvinced was a genuine spir- the program is "easy and lowitual experience. It was the turn- key. There's no pressure on you ing point in his life, and would and you don't have to get up eventually make all the differ- and 5peak publicly." ence in the lives of countless "!t's your weekend," emphamen and women all over the sized the Raiches. "People are world. there to help you with it, but Bill was by no means rid of it's really yours." hi5 obsession with drink. But he found that meeting and talking 'Great Enthusiasm with others who had t!:le same Both the Raiches and the problem was of inestimable asPlantes emphasized how valusistance. And meeting and talking with another alcoholic, Dr. able they felt the Encounter exRobert H. Smith, led directly to perience had been to their mar· the organizing of what was to riages. "We have more awarebecome Alcoholics Anonymous. ness of each other and how we Dr. Smith' is recognized as co- feel about things," said Denise Plante "We appreciate and enjoy founder of AA. It began small. A little group 'our time together-and it'5 given would get together. One or an- us more patience with our chilother would tell his story. The dren," she added. rest would recognize them5elves Pointing out that priests and in that story. They perceived religious are actively involved that ·an alcoholic's trouble~ were in the Encounter program, Father his own doing, that he was ex- Bergeron saId he has received tremely self-centered and bitter- "a heightened awareness of the ly resentful, that' there was a . Church as my spouse and <:>f my spiritual side to his j]]ness, and call to be what I am to the peothat this had to be tended be- ple I serve." fore its mental and phy5ical aspects could be handled. The priest said he first heard In the group an akoholic found of the movement from cousin5 understanding, sympathy 5upport. on Long Island, N. Y., one of the Men who had been unable to stop most active Encounter centers. drinking when by themselves, _"I had a cousin I really thought yet in both helping and being was related to Archie Bunker, helped by someone else in the then he made the weekend and same predicament, they could the next thing I knew he was in defeat their demon. the social action group of his

MARRIAGE ENCOUNTER SPEAKERS: Seated left to right, Diane "Raiche and Denise Plant; standing left to right, Richard Raiche, Theresa and Maurice Sirois, and Raymond Plant. parish council. I thought that anything that could change a man like that was worth looking into." A similar tale was related by Eddie and Ann Raposa of Plymouth, who heard by chance of the Fall River meeting "and just decided to drop in." They saJd they had never been close to their brother and 5ister in law, but after the couple had -made the Marriage Encounter "they ofered to take care of our children so we eould go. 1'fhey had alway,s made it clear they didn't like _our children, so we couldn't believe the change in them. Well, we'd been married 20 years and our friends always told us we had the best l1'I,arr·iage they'd ever seen-but the Encounter made us appreciate each other more than ever. Even if you feel you don't need it, you deserve it, and we love you all and want you to share what we




have with you," they concluded, to spontaneous applause from the audience. The Rap05as were only one among seven or eight "encountered" couples who attended the speakers' night solely to support the panelists and be available to answer questions. As Richard Raiche de5Cribed the similar night he attended before his Encounter weekend, "They didn:t seem like ordinary people-they were jU5t too friendly!" Two Locations In the Fall River diocese Encounter weekends are held at Stonehill College, Easton and La, Salette Center of Christian, Attleboro, said the panelists. Weekends are scheduled this fall at Attleboro for Oct. 17, Nov. 14, Nov. 28 and Dec. 5, and reservations may be made at the center. Reasons why a 'couple might not be able to participate in the weekend have been thought of and taken care of, said Father Bergeron. "An offering i5 usually given for the weekend, but it costs nothing if you can't afford it," he stressed, explaining that contributions are given in plain envelopes and there is no way of telling who gives or who doesn't. "Babysitters are available to take care of your children if that's what's keeping you away," added the PI-antes. "You really owe i.t to your children to gothey will benefit from what you get."





THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River....,.Thur. Sept. 11, 1975


KNOW YOUR FAITH Liturgy' and the Hours I like to begin my normal days in the parish with a half hour of personal prayer. A priest hardly needs to justify spending those 30 minutes of "prime time" for this purpose. Jesus' words and example do that for him,



We read in Scrpiture how Christ on several occasions went off into the desert to pray, stepped aside from the crowds for a night of prayer, withdrew in the Garden of Gethsemane; a stone's throw from his three closest followers to ponder prayerfully the painful prospects of Good Friday. What the Lord Himself did, He commands us to do. "Pray," "ask," "seek," "speak to the Father in my name, use those words when you pray-those are familiar instructions given to His listeners and to us. My faithful associates during these morning sessions for the past several years have been two texts produced by the Federation of Diocesan Liturgical Commis-


Joseph and His Brothers Are Who We Are

sions and Catholic Book Publishing Company in New York: "Prayer of Christians," a'nd "American Interim Breviary," and its multi-volume paperback companion "Chri&tian Readings." Nearly 100,000 other Catholic Christians in the United States, mostly priests and religious, but many lay -persons also, have discovered as I did that the psalms, prayers and reading in those books prove very helpful for individual and communial prayer. Catholic Book has now published the first of a four-volume "Liturgy of the Hours," the more permanent divine office according to the Roman Rite as revised by Vatican experts. I have found the 2,016 page, $19.95 book equivalent to and an improvement over the interim "Prayer of Christians." Those familiar with that ear· lier, temporary text can swiftly and easily adjust to the "Liturgy of the Hours." It is similar, but richer in content and much more convenient because of the location of all items in one, book. One portion, the Office, of Readings, has become a regular part of my morning prayer session. Its function is ~1I described by paragraph 55 in the "General Instruction of the Liturgy of Hours": Help in Spiritual Life The purpose of the Office of Turn to Page Fourteen


Modern technoiogy tends to obscure for us the complexity of the Bible. Today almost any printed edition of the Bible can easily be held in hand, and we tend to think of it as a bobk much like others we are familiar with. But the Bible is much more complex in its origins than any other book we could mention. If we think 'back to the time before the invention of printing, to the ponderous volumes copied out by hand, some of the simlicity disappears. But we really need to go back to the day before the codex (Le., the bound volume) that we are so familiar with and think of a Bible whose portions were written out on individual scrolls; it would have consisted not of a single bouQd volume but of a whole collection of scrolls. For example, at Qumran, a scroll 24.5 feet long was needed just to hold the 66 chapters of Isaiah. To think of earlier centuries when the Bible would have been a whole basketful Of scrolls helps us understand its compexity, but this is only to scratch the surface. The Bible has with some truth been called a small library. The Old Testament contains the writings Israel thought most worth saving from a period of more than a -thousand years and



Religious faith sees in these 'writings of the Word of God. Throughout the history of Israel and the founding of the Church, God revealed Him~eIf and wiIled that these documents become the record of tnat revelation; to this end He guided and inspired the men responsible for producing them. Thus they are the work of both God and man; or, as has often been said, the Word of God in the words of men. The analogy of the Incarnation is appropriate here: Just as Jesus, God's incarnate Word, reveals God to us through His human nature, so God's Scripture comes to us embodied in the words of men. We understand the divine Word through understanding the human words, and no other way. Human Dimension For this reason it is important to understand the human dimension of the Bible, for our comprehension of this human dimension wHl certainly condition our understanding of its message. For example, if we are aware of the many who contributed to it over so many centuries, we are not surprised at the variety of approaches in it, and we see these as an indication of the richness it contains. The long process of development will help Turn to Page Fourteen

By MARY ,E. MAHER Carl Jung wrote of learning to love "the dark brother" who dwells within each one of us. That seems to some a contradiction,"to love what is dark, weak and blind. Should not such a brother be cast out to leave "the brother of J.ight"? For the latter is good, strong and intelligent, insightful. The account of Joseph is about good and evil which moves men, alI of us, to act. Joseph is good. It is blatantly clear that his brothers are really rascals. Such clarity of distinguishing good from evil in such clear-cut terms is harder in our day (perhaps the writer of the Joseph account was more sure than history allows?) It took months of Watergate to sift out the evil from the innocent. And this recent history of Watergate has heightened darkness in public figures. That seems to leave us, the American public as the maligned good fellows who can celebrate bicentennial with political virginity. Weare used to the reversal of the Joseph theme. Joseph was one good man in the midst of much corruption. Our "modern theme are a few bad men in the midst of countless guileless citizens. Now none of us quibbles with the fact that evil and good are real forces, and opposing ones. Sometimes it seems that only

"S''''m' Stroot" i, kind ,nough


sure of the outcome of joseph's long struggle. He was merciful to his brothers, that we know... Joseph stands symbolically to say that all of us are called to be wise, with the wisdom of tender concern and forgivene~s of ourselves and others." to avoid our obsession with that goat? He is, indeed, in classical theme on, television. Does it in- terms, the mythical hero, abused, deed take a certain number of yet fa-ithful to good. Therefore, bad guys to turn up one good he triumphs in the end. We toguy? Would Joseph have seemed • day may tend to be a bit more so good if he were not an object cynical of the triumph of good, of a family subversion, a scape- lived in the century of holoclj,ust and wars waged through a paranoia of ideologies. Not Clear for, Us Darkness and light are not so clear to us. We tend to see more man who sucuumbs to the temp- through the lens of a Bergman tation to give God a hand in movie which plays dark and light bringing about what He had in subtle mixtures of shadow, briHiance and utter black. Much promised. Certain that his sterile wife, about evil and good is ambigSara, could not be the instru- uous, unclear. We know objecment by which God would pro· tively through the Commandvide the childless Patriarch with ments and precepts what is right descendents "more numerous and what·is wrong. But the mysthan the stars," Abr'aham in- terious use of the power to heal vokes an ancient legal privilege and destroy is not that clear. We and, with the perinission of his are carried beyond our own unwife, conceives ,a child by her derstandings to hurt those we most love! That remains a hard maidservant Haga (Gen 16). Ishmael is born to Hagar and mystery to say Amen to. Many Abraham is convinced he is do- ,cannot face that they are caping what God wants of him. But 'able of great hurt, of great alien'alas, God reveals to Abraham alion and so lose the chance to that He has something else in know how strong they are to mind. Sara would indeed bear heal and to strengthen those him a son despite her 90 years they love. We know that life was a gift through our parents and and barren womb (Gen 17). Turn to Page Fourteen Abraham's effort to expedite God's plan by, giving it a little boost on his own is reflected in his children, the Israelites, throughout their history. One thousand years later, through 102 Shawomet Avenue the Prophet Isaiah, God reminds His people that "... My thoughts Somerset, Mass. are not ~our thoughts, nor are Tel. 674-4881 your ways My way.. ;" (Is 55:8). 3V2 room Apartment Isaac is a rather lackluster character compared to his f,ather 4V2 room Apartment Abraham and his son Jacob. The Includes heat, hot water, stove, reo few stories about him seem to frigerator and maintenance service. Turn to Page Fourteen

1;=1==Y=h=e=f=o=r.=a=t=io=n=O=f=A==,=,o=p=le===iI11 Salvation history, Ute description of how God ,reached out in word and deed to make it possible for man to be reconciled with his Creator, begins with the call of Abraham (Gen 12).



The remainder of Genesis reveals the manner in which God works to fulfill His promise that He will make a great nation of Abraham. The stories of the Patriarchs found in the latter chapters of Genesis a,re truly unique in' that they depict the fathers of the Israelites not in an idealized manner,but as real people with a generous share of faults and weaknesses. P.atriarch is a term applied to many figures in the Old Testament, but it is used especially to refer to Abr,aham, Isaac, Jacob 'and his 12 sons.. Abraham is shown to be a man of great ,faith, but also a



Liturgy, Hours

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur. Sept. 11, 1975

Joseph and His Brothers Continued from Page Thirteen yet how many of us wa,ge our wars of adjusting to them at 20, 30, 40 years of age when the possibility of our hurting others hits us so poignantly? We know that we spawn our anger and iII-will on those we most love and we wonder why such a strange phenomenon. Why is our hurt usually directed towards those we love most? When we learn a little bit about ourselves and the dark and 'light brothers that live together in each of our spirits, our judgment on.Joseph's brothers is softened in mercy. They were no theological desperados, waiting to slay the innocent. We are not sure, but life being what it is, we know that Joseph had to learn the most difficult lesson of all: mercy. Time may have matured him into the realization that there is alloy in all persons and the glory of becoming tender brothers of a common God is learning that the darkness and 'light that we see in others is <llso at home in our own breasts. St. Francis Some saInts leaned on this long, old Biblical lesson: All have sinned, all. I was struck when I was younger, 24, how false a gesture it was that Francis of Assisi should go about every human spirit swept his and he cried out ,for mercy for him-. self, for all those he loved. But· the mystery of Francis' sense of ·sin has only come later as I have learned the power I have to choose myself more than those I love. The' paradox is strange for to know that power is to

love friends more tenderly than I ever dreamed. We are not sure of the out· come of Joseph's long struggle: He was merciful to his brothers. that we know. One can ..only guess at the process that lead to that action. He could have grown disillusioned, bitter, cruel. He did not. For whatever reason it was he did not sweep away his love with betrayal of his own tenderness. God made of his person a 'leader for a people-HIS· people. Whatever way it all happened, one thing is sure-the mercy of SCROLLS: "We really need to go back to the days God made of 12 rather unlikely men a people that he. yet guards before the codex, the ·bound volume, that we are so familiar in the shadows of irrational evil with and think of a Bible whose portions were written and unifying hope. For each of out on individual scrolls." This is one of the famed Dead us, the clearer we see the possibility of the good we can do, the Sea Scrolls, portions of the Bible which contributed greatly more likely is our vision of the to scripture scholarship. NC 'Photo capability for doing disunity. And mercifully so, the opposite is true. Joseph stands symbolically to say that all of us are Continued from Page Thirtee~ fore a new Word wiII be undercalled to be wise, with the wis- us understand the progressive stood. dom of tender concern and for- nature of revelation; it was a Before discussing individual giveness of ourselves and others. long, slow progess from Abra- compositions, we must say a few claiming to be a sinner. That ham's first attempt to grasp the words about literary criticism. seemed such a contradiction. Yet meaning of God who revealed Literary criticism is simply the years later I now see what he Himself to him to the manifesta- attempt to study a composition spoke of-he knew himself-that tion of the Father that we see in in a detailed and scientific manJesus Christ. So also only grad- ner in order to learn all we can he could hurt, alienate, divide. I do not know what Francis ually did God's full moral de- about its author, time of comthought of on his mountain, mands make themselves known. position, literary· form, sources, LaVerna. I once was there and Early Israel could think that God purpose, etc. This approach to walked it long hours in an effort wiHed them to devastate whole Scripture (which needs, of to understand why he felt him- cities with all the people in course, to be completed by many self so capable of hurting his them, while Jesus commands ).IS other approaches) is in no way hrothers. I did not find out then. to love our enemies. opposed to faith in Scripture as A little reflection will make the Word of God; it is employed He wept there; he praised there and perhaps he "passed over" to this objective advance in revela- precisely that we may understand some wisdom. Maybe there the tion understandable. Revelation the human dimension of the good and evH which sweeps involves a sort of dialogue be- Bible better and, in so doing, tween God and His covenant better grasp what God has willed partner: God does not speak into to say to us. This type of study a vacuum but to Israel. Israel has been fully approved by the that resulted in the Semitic must hear and respond, what Church. For example, there is Hyksos Pharaohs being in power has been said must be assim- the 1943 encyclical, "Divino Afin Egypt at the time of Joseph ilated 'and put into practice be- flante Spiritu," which urges the 'interpreter to "endeavor to dewas instrumental in the for.ming termine the peculiar character of the Hebrew nation. and circumstances of the sacred When the Theban Pharaohs writer, the age in which he lived, overthrew the non-Egyptian the sources unwritten and oral Hyksos and established the New to which he had recourse and Kingdom, the status of the Isthe ,forms of expression he em· raelites change from that of ployed" (par. 33). An ex'tended welcome, even honored guests action on the importance of litto that of distrusted and ultierary forms ·is given (par. 35-39), mately enslaved foreigners. along with the insistence "that 'Father Peter ElIic, C.SS.R., a this part of his offke cannot be respected Old Testament scholar, writes in "The Men and Message neglected without serious detriof the Old Testament" that ''The ment to Catholic exegesis" (par. foundation of a nation requires 38). among other things a group consciousness among -the people, Nuns Pled. . Wtdarity some great uniflying experience, a system of government, and a Witt. W.t.r. Wcamen homeland... a charismatic leadST. PAUL Minn. (NC)-In a er. resolution on the International. The first of these requirements Women's Year, some 600 top adfor nationhood, a group' conministrators representing 365 sciousness, was provided the congregations of American SisIsraelites by the tradition of the ters have pledged to "stand in P,atriarchs to whom God had solidarity with the women of the revealed Himself and made and world." renewed His promises. The action came on the final The great unifying experience day of the national assembly of was found in their enslavement the Leadership Conferenc~ of and suffering in Egypt, and the Women Religious (LCWR) held homeland is part of God's promABRAHAM EMBRACES at the Hilton Hotel here Aug. ise. As Scripture reveals God care- IDS SON, ISAAC, this mod- 24-28. fuHy forming His chosen people, ern sculpture by the Rev. The resolution specifies that two things are lacking to com- John S. Otey of Lubbock, "commitment to action during plete their formation into a na- Tex., is part of a display fea- the next United Nations' develoption.... a system of government tured at the American Bible ment decade be done on a yearly basis w~th an evaluation process and a charismatic leader. Both will be provided in that event Society headquarters in New that will direct the commitment that is the central fact of the York City. (NC Photo cour- to action for each success'ive tesy American Bible Society) yea'r." Old Testament ... the Exodus.

The Composition of the Bible

Th'e Formation of A People Co.ntinued from Page Thirteen reflect incidents in the life of Abraham. Jacob, on the other hand, grabs the .imagination of all just as h~ grabbed the heel of his older twin Esau at birth (Gen 25:26). His' decep~on of the blind and aged Isaac in order to usurp his ·brother's firstborn blessing (Gen 27) and his unscrupulous trick to make Esau 'agree to tl"ade his birthright for a bowl of stew (Gen 25:27) illustrate the unwillingness of Scripture writers to whitewash their ancestors, but more importantly they reveal the fact that God works His plan in spite of the weaknesses of men.. }itrange Instruments . From Abraham to Peter, Scripture is replete with imperf~t and unlikely instruments used by God to bring about the fulfiHment Of His providential designs. Another .interesting instance is found in the story of Jacol?'s son Joseph who, because of the envy and hatred of his brothers, is sold into slavery in Egy'pt (Gen 37). Once there, he overcomes deception and imprisonment to rise to a position of influence that enables him to bring the embryonic clan of Jacob to the land' where it is destined to grow into a Dlltion. Even the political situation \'

. Together He who loves brings God and the world together. -Martin Buber


Continued from Page Thirteen Readings is to present a wider selection of Scripture and of the best works of spiritual writers. It seeks to present this wider selection to all God's people, but especially to those who have publicly committed God in a special way. Although the Scripture readings at Mass are nowadays more 'varied tan before, the Office of Readings can offer still more of the treasures of revelation and Church tradition, and thus it can help greatly in the spiritual life. Priests especially should plumb the depths of these riches, for in this way they will be better able to teach everyone the Word of God which they have received and to make their doctrine "the food of the people of God." Recent biblical excerpts in the Office of Readings for example, included passages from Exodus and Deuteronomy while such stories as the. call of Abraham, 'the deliverance from Egyptian bondage and the kingship of David occur during the year. The spiritual writers appearing in this new breviary range from early Christian fathers like St. Augustine and St. Cyprian to more contemporary writers like Pope Pius XII and St. Thomas More. I have heard a few grumblings about the expense involved with this book. However, at less' than a penny a page, the publication seems, for these days, extremely reasonable. Moreover, the volume has been designed for daily use over many years-a factor to be considered when evaluating the cost; Nevertheless, we do need a relatively inexpensive text containing morning and evening prayers for the "L.iturgy of the Hours" for use by typical lay persons of a parish. One of the priests and a dozen or so parishioners gather daily before the 7:00 Mass in the Baton Rouge Cathedral to sing and say morning prayer. They employ "Prayer of Christians" for the. text, but will, I am sure, soon wish to replace that with the "Liturgy of. the Hours." To do so will, from a practical, dollars and cents viewpoint, require smaller, considerably cheaf)Cr publications containing those morning and evening excerpts.. Thankfully, liturgical pUBlishers .have already been urged to come out with just this type of book to meet this need.

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Charity Agencies Plan Conference CINCINNATI (NC) - A joint meeting of the Society of St. Vincent De Paul and the National Conference of Catholic Charities (NCCC) will be held here in October. The Society of St. Vincent De Paul, a charitable organ:3ation of Catholic laymen affiliated with NCCC, opens ,its meeting Oct. 16 . with a presentation by J. Carl Greve, president of the Cincinnati archdiocesan central council, and T. Raber Taylor of Denver, president of the superior council of the Society. The NCCC meeting opens Oct. 19 with a joint assembly of the two organizations. Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincinnati, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, wHI address the joint meeting on the theme "Humanizing and Transforming the Social Order: A Search for Liberty and Justice." Topics scheduled for discussion dUI1ing the Society of St. Vincent De Paul meeting, which will end Oct. 20, include Women in Society, Death and Dying, Alcoholism, Prison Work and Reform, Youth and the St. Vincent De Paul Society, Public Relations, and Aging. Highl,ighting the four-day NCCC meeting will be a seminar on employment and income distribution 路featuring Sen. Jacob Javits (R, N.Y.) as guest speaker'. Included - among the NCCC workshop'topics are Area Agencie on Aging Roles for Voluntary Organizations, Penal Reform: How to Reform the System, Discrimination Against the Migrant. .

Mission Request Catholic reading matter and religious articles are requested for missionary use by Rev. Alexis Fernando, S.J. of Kuthalur, South India. They may be sent to him at Catholic Mission, Kuthalur, via Managiri 623307, Ramnad Dist., Tamil Nadu, South India.


Propagation of the Faith Founded By FR. BENJAMIN BUED Money may be filthy lucre but even God's work needs it. That's why it's gathered in churches. Originally the few Indian converts had next to nothing to drop into the collection box, and later, when veritable waves of impoverished immigrants inundated America, God's work stood in even greater jeopardy. They had needs, not assets. Yet disaster was warded off. People elsewhere spared and shared. If France could help George Washington in war, could she not also help others in peaceful pursuits? About 1820 a seminary student in Paris, Phileas Jaricot, was writing glowing lectures about the missions to his sister Pauline in Lyons. And she hreathed his spirit into her acquaintances, who began praying for the missions and making small but reguIar contributions. She had marshaled them into groups of 10. At th.e same time Bishop William Dubourg was seeking to forma society in France to help him fund the work in his farreaching diocese. He dispatched Father Angelo Inglesi to Europe to achieve his goal. In Lyons, on May 3, 1822, Father Inglesi called a meeting of all missionminded people in the area. Pauline Jaricot was absent from the' meeting, hut her friends were not. Propagation of the Faith At first glance, Father Inglesi regarded the units she had formed as virtually made to order for his project,' but" it turned out that compromise had to be made. Some of the people at the meeting opposed expanding Pauline's program while others preferred an organization that would assist missions everywhere. The latter viewpoint prevailed and out of the meeting came the Society for the Prop-agation of the Faith. That same year the society made its first distribution of

FOUNDER OF mE PROPAGATION OF THE FAITH: Pauline Jaricot founded the society whose funds 'kept the early U.S. Church alive. f4nds. The sum of' $4,583 was divided in three ways, one-third going to Bishop Dubourg, another third to the seminary of Foreign Missions in Paris and the remaining third to Bishop Benedict Fiaget of Kentucky: Soon there was a procession of American bishops entering the society's office, and they did not leave empty-handed. In its first 100 years the society advanced $6 minion t? the Un.ited States. The first bishop to visit the society's headquarters had been Bishop Edward Fenwich of Cincinnati, who had with him on that trip Father Frederick Rese, of his new iecruits. Leopoldine Society Several years later Father Rese, by then a seasoned missionary, returned to Europe seeking volunteers and funds. In this capacity, he obtained an audience with Emperor Francis I of Austria. Sensing that the French society might be som'ewhat out of place on the Danube, he suggested organizing a similar one specifically for the Hapsburg

Thurs., sept. 11, 1975

lands. Thanks to his efforts, a new mission society made its debut in 1829. Taking a personal interest in this venture, the emperor moved that it be named the Leopoldine Society in honor of his daughter, who had re<:ently died as empress of Brazil. The society was much Hke that of Lyons, but all the funds were earmarked for North Amer.ica. The Leopoldine Society survived until World War I, and by then the new world had re<:eived $700,000 from its coffers. After Austria, Father Rese also visited Bavaria expecting to form another society there, but he was unsuccessful. But in 1838 he appeared again in Munch. Now he was the first bishop of Detroit, and a German-speaking bishop at that. Since his previous visit conditions had changed in Bavaria. A grassroots interest in a mission society had developed, and the king feared lest the French society obtain too much -influence. To this worry Bishop Rese added his own misgivings ahout the proliferating Bible societies.


The ANCHOR MEET THE NEW SEMINARIANS, read about the young men 'Yho are beginning their studies for the priesthood~

A LOCAL JESUIT describes a unique home for the handicapped and mentally retarded in France.

ED CLARK, a nursing home administrator from Hyannis talks about the elderly.

Ludwig Mission Society The king agreed to form a mission society and gave it his own name-the Ludwig Mission Society. The funds, which were raised almost exclusively in the one German state of Bavaria, were distributed largely in Asia and North America. Like the Leopoldine Society, this organization lasted until World War I. By then it had sent $900,000 to the new world, not counting donations the king made directly to proje<:ts that appealed to him.

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The total contrihution of these three societies to American Catholicism, less than $8 million, might seem slight by today's standards. But in their day the purchasing power of money was vas,tly more than it is today. (Father Blied is a professor at Marian College of Fond du Lac, Wis.)

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THE ANCHOR":Oiocese of fall River-Thur. Sept. 11, 1975

Urge Participation by All PEVELY (NC)-AII persons community's diverse member--.;incIuding women-should be ship. Again, capable men and urged to participate in the areas women, children and adults, of liturgical planning, prayer married and single, shoul~ be seen in our sanctuaries leading and communications. This was the thrust of a and contributing to ,the common statement issued here in Mis- prayer experience of the comsouri at a meeting of the board munity." of directors of the Natlional Federation of Diocesan Liturgi· cal Commissions (NFDLC). The seven-page statement did not make an explicit call for special programs for women in Again this Fall the Catholic the l'iturgy, nor did it make any Education Center is offer-ing enmention of ordination of women richment courses for all religion to the priesthood. teachers and all persons inter'Rather, the board of directors' ested in deepening their knowlstatement, entitled "Women in edge of their faith. Liturgical Ministry," centered on These courses of two hour "partnership in communications" sessions for six weeks will begin and prayer. Oct. 7 and cover such t{)pics as: Speaking of "partnership in Sacraments: Expressions of prayer," the statement declared God's Saving Acts that "well-prepared homilies, inChristian Morality-The Conformative adult education mate· tinuing Search rials and sessions, carefully The Church in Focus planned and reverent liturgy, Theology and Structures of the official and public delegation of Liturgy new ministries all contribute to The Epistles' of Paul to the the comfort of the community . Romans and Ephesians as it e~periences change." Prophets In the Old Testament The statement said that the Courses will be offered in four collaboration needed in this area ar~as of the diocese-New Bedis not only that of clergy-laity ford, Fall River, Taunt{)n and or male-female, but 'across the Attleboro. board parish partnership." In addition to the above On prayer, the statement said courses, a combination of one that as liturgical growth "should hour of Basic Theology and one reflect the diversity of a given hour of Methods of Teaching community, so also the actual will be offered as one course in. celebration of liturgy ought to the four areas. We encourage all serve asa concrete sign of a beginning religion teachers to avail themselves of this Teacher Training Course. Kingdom Full description of the courses The kingdom of heaven is not the isolation of good ffom evil. and registration forms will be It is the overcoming of evil by sent to all parishes and wm also be 'available at the Cath{)lic Edgood. -Alfred Whitehead ucation Center.

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The statement said that when either men or women condescend to one another, trifle with one another's -importance, or question one another's value, personhood suffers. "When men or women in the Church proclaiming liberation and called to reconciliation and partnership," it said. Benedictine Father Maur Bur'bach, executive director of the NFDC at its national headquarters here, said the board of directors also completed plans for the organization's national meeting in Boston Oct. 13·17.

Discussion Guide in Spanish WASHINGTON (NC) - The National Conference of Catholic Bishops' Committee for the Bicentennial has published a Spanish edition of "Liberty and Justice for All: A Discussion Guide," designed to facilitate parish participation in the Church's celebration of the' bicentennial year. The 68-page booklet, "Libertad y Justicia para todos: guia de debates," through 'a series of resource papers and discussion questions, ds intended to stimulate examination of specific freedom and justice topics: nationhood, the Church, humankind,

ethnidty, and race, the neighborhood, work, the family, and personhood. Parish-level discussions, facilitated by co-ordinators in each diocese are planned for thJs fall. About one-fourth of the Catholic population in this country is ,Spanish-speaking. The Catholic "Liberty and Justice for All" program will cul~ minate in a National Justice Conference scheduled for October 1976 in Detroit. Input for the Detroit meeting wHI draw heavily on the results of the nationwide parish consultations.


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TwoNewBedford Maryknoll Priests areactivein South America Page10 BostonCollege vs. , NotreDame localfeatures Pages8and9 Controversy rages ov...

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