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MAKING MEMORIES at Cathedral and Our Lady of the Lake camps, East Freetown, are youngsters attending Mass celebrated by Father George E. Harrison, camp director, and frolicking in ~~e waters of Long Pond. Cathedral Camp, originally only for boys, was founded in 1915 and except for a few years during World War II has uninterruptedly served youngsters. The girls' camp was opened in 1960. The facility is used off-season for retreats, meetings and many parish outings. Father Harrison is also pastor ofSt. John Neumann parish. contiguous to the camps. (Breen photos)

NFP study shows success of method is above average See also story on page 8 WASHINGTON (NC) - Just before the 20th anniversary of the papal encyclical "Humanae Vitae," the National Conference of Catholic Bishops released preliminary results of a study showing that 70 percent of couples using natural family planning are doing so for "moral, ethical or religious reasons." For couples who said they had used NFP within the past year, only IO percent reported an "unintended pregnancy," a rate less than the average 16.1 percent failure rate for women using all family planning methods involving perodic abstinence from sexual intercourse. In addition. 68.1 percent of wives and 62.7 percent of husbands gave a positive response to the statement, "being in conformity with church teaching in matters offamily planning is important to me." The nationwide study of diocesan programs was conducted by the Diocesan Development Program for Natural Family Planning, a project of the NCCB Committee for Pro-Life Activities. Auxiliary Bishop James T. McHugh of Newark, N.J ., is the project director.

Release of the study, funded with a grant from the Knights of Columbus, came just before the July 25 anniversary of Pope Paul VI's 1968 encyclical, "Humanae Vitae." . Turn to Page Six

With prayer, protest, Democrats convene WASHINGTON (NC) - Prayers, participatory democracy and protests highlighted the July 18-21 Democratic National Convention, which drew'nearly 4,200 delegates to Atlanta. Selecting Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis as the presidential candidate and U.S. Sen.

Lloyd M. Bentsen of Texas as the vice-presidential contender, Democrats also adopted a party platform endorsing "reproductive choice," nuclear weapons reductions and such programs as day care, job training, assistance to small farms and better education. Convention participants won the

BISHOP DANIEL A. CRONIN with Fathers Leonard M. Mullaney and Thomas E. McGlynn at site of new rectory planned for St. Anthony parish, East Falmouth. The bishop celebrated Mass at the parish and blessed the rectory site.

attention of local church leaders, including Atlanta Archbishop Eugene A. Marino. who on three occasions prayed for the delegates and the success of American democracy. Nomination of Dukakis July 20 gave the Democrats a standardbearer who disdains both the death penalty and abortion restrictions, rejects aid to Nicaraguan rebels, and wants to replace the Strategic Defense Initiative with bettertrained conventional forces. A Greek Orthodox, Dukakis, 54, favors more government involvement in such family-related issues as day care, education and refugee assistance. He has won praise for initiatives in housing, welfare reform and health care that are viewed as national models. On July 21 the party nominated Bentsen and heard DUkakis deliver his acceptance speech, which saluted citizens who have enriched and ennobled America with their unselfish work. Among those mentioned was a Denver priest, Capuchin Father William Kraus, director of Samaritan House, a 250-bed shelter. Not all party members were happy, however. Angry about nominati~m of a Turn to Page Six



The Anchor Friday, July 29, 1988

aims to help young women

Drought hits migrants hard . MILWAUKEE (NC) - Many migrants who traveled to Wisconsin for seasonal farmwork have found job opportunities dried up along with the crops. In an interview with the Catholic Herald, Milwaukee archdiocesan newspaper, Father Gerald Hessel, director of the church-sponsored Latin American Center in Kenosha, Wis., said he had located a few alternative jobs and provided gas money to stranded migrants, many of whom have been sleeping in their cars. Some an: trying to wait out the drought, hoping for work later in the Summer. Migrants in Michigan, Indiana, Ohio and Illinois, about 95 percent of whom are Hispanic Catholics, are also being affected, said Olga Villa Parra, director of the Midwest Hispanic Pastoral Commission in Notre Dame, Ind. "I've been out to several campsites in northwest Ohio, where tomatoes are grown. They haven't even gotten the ground ready. The drought has been extremely bad in that area," she said. With so many farmers in huge debt because of the economy ... and this year faced with the drought, they are no longer in a position to negotiate on wages," said Mrs. Villa. When farmers are "up against the wall like they are," she said, unfair wages to migrants becomes a moot question. In Kalamazoo, Mich., she said, migrants are working one or two days instead of the usual four or five. She estimated entire families are earning $50-$60 a week.

James J. Burns "Gentleman Jim" Burns, 85, a legendary figure at Coyle and Coyle and Cassidy high schools in Taunton for over half a century, died last Sunday. The Mass of Christian Burial was offered yesterday for James J. Burns at St. Mary's Church, Taunton. A native of Bridgeport, Conn., the son of the late James J. and Mary (Collins) Burns, he was a graduate ofthe University of Notre Dame. Bums, noted for the moral guidance be gave students, coached basketball, football and baseball and also taught business subjects. In 1933 he was a member of Coyle High School's founding faculty and he remained with the school when it merged with Cassidy High School to become the present Coyle and Cassidy. From 1933 through 1948, Bumscoached Coyle football teams were undefeated. In his total career they posted a record of 176 wins, 88 losses and 17 ties. Also an outstanding baseball coach, he was recognized by induction into state halls of fame for baseball and football. At Coyle and Cassidy, a new athletic complex was named for him in 1984 and last year the school established a Coach James Burns Scholarship Fund. In retirement, Burns did football commentary for Coyle and Cassidy on Taunton radio. Earlier he had operated Taunton's summer recreation program and had been

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RELOCATED TO THE MAUSOLEUM chapel of Notre Dame Cemetery, Fall River, because of rain, a Mass celebrating "one hundred years of loving dedication" to the sacred task of burying the dead is offered by Father Ernest E. Blais, cemetery director, and, at right, Father路 Rene R. Levesque, pastor of nearby Blessed Sacrament Church. At left, Deacon Manuel H. Camara Jr. Father Blais was homilist for the. occasion and Knights of Columbus formed a guard of honor. (Studio D photo)

Some Lefebvrites to stay in church VATICAN CITY (NC) - Several priests and seminarians who split with excommunicated Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre have taken steps to be legally incorporated into the Catholic Church as the Priestly Society ofSt. Peter, said a Vatican official. The terms for the new society are to be drawn from the proposed reconciliation agreement with the Vatican which the archbishop rejected before leading his followers into schism, said Father Camille Perl, secretary of the newly named pontifical commission set up to aid Lefebvrites wishing to remain loyal to the papacy. At least 13 priests and about 20 seminarians met with Vatican officials in early July to implement their recognition as a clerical organization, Father Perl said. Plans call for them to form their own pontifical society of apostolic life with a Vatican-approved constitution. The society "will be open to all Archbishop Lefebvre's followers"

Bases not wanted TAGAYTAY CITY, Philippines (NC) - Leaders of Philippine Catholic social action organizations support removing foreign military bases from Asia, including U.S. bases in their country, a Filipino archbishop said. The Philippines bishops' conference was asked by the social action leaders to consider the bases question at its recent semiannual meeting, said Archbishop Orlando Quevedo of Nueva Segovia, chairman of the bishops' Commission on Social Action, Justice and Peace. 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111

director of activities at Cathedral Camp, East Freetown. The husband of the late M. Florence (Outhouse) Burns, he is survived by two daughters, Sister Mary Catherine Burns, SUSC, of the Coyle and Cassidy faculty, and Florence M. Brazil of Raynham.

and to other priests who wish to join it, said Father Perl. It will be allowed to retain its spiritual and liturgical traditions under terms previously outlined by Pope John Paul II, added the priest. A society of apostolic life is defined as an organization of secular priests living a communal life. Examples are the Maryknoll Fathers, the Paulists and the Sulpicians. Father Perl is the second-ranking official of the new pontifical commission. It is led by Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer, former head of the Vatican congregations for Divine Worship and Sacraments. Father Perl said the Society of St. Peter was founded by Father Joseph Bisig, former head of Archbishop Lefebvre's monastery at Hauterive, near Fribourg, Switzerland. . There were about 200 priests and 250 seminarians in Archbishop Lefebvre's Priestly Society of St. Pius X at the time of the June 30 excommunication, said Father Perl. He said it was too early to tell how many would be attracted to the new society. Members will be able to continue celebrating the Tridentine Mass in Latin, the traditional Catholic Mass prior to post-Second Vatican Councilliturgical reforms, as long as they recognize the validity of the current liturgy. Archbishop Lefebvre rejected the offer because ofdisagreements with the Vatican over the number of his priests who could be ordained bishops and the degree of Vatican control over his priestly society. Father Bisig described himself as the No.2 official in Archbishop Lefebvre's Priestly Society of St. Pius X until he left at the time of the excommunication. Father Bisig said he constantly opposed plans to ordain bishops against papal orders but he also expressed sympathy with the archbishop's goals. "He has fought against progressivism and modernism. This is also our objective, but we want to do it . within the church," said Father Bisig.

Archbishop Lefebvre rejected the Vatican's reconciliation proposal because "he had fears that he would have been tied to a Roman authority which he judged as being against tradition," he.added. The archbishop was pressured into negotiating with the Vatican by his followers who wanted to avoid schism, but his decision to reject the proposal was his alone, said Father Bisig. "But in substance, the archbishop had received everything he wanted," said Father Bisig. "It seems incomprehensible to me that he could have refused all this," he added.

Good start for CCUSA Mutual of America, a leading life insurance company, has made the first major contribution to a national development drive being conducted by Catholic Charities USA to fund agencies addressing the needs of poor and disadvantaged Americans. William J. Flynn, coinpany chairman, presented a $500,000 contribution to Chicago Cardinal Joseph Bernardin, honorary executive chairman of CCUSA. In making the gift, Flynn said, "The good work of Catholic Charities USA is known and admired throughout the country. Its members care for the poor, the sick and are ready to help wherever there is need. I know of no finer organization." CCUSA coordinates U.S. Catholic social service agencies, including those in the Fall River diocese. Its members aid over 9 million persons annually, delivering nearly $1 billion worth of human services including emergency food, shelter and other material assistance, counseling, employment and immigration aid, pregnancy and adoption programs and care for the elderly and handicapped. The diocesan office is directed by Father Peter N. Graziano.

DAVE;\1?ORT, Iowa (NC) Most women in C1eir 20s and 30s are too besy juggling careers and families to join their local council of Catholic WO!TIen, and council members should not make them feel guilty for not participating, says the president of the National Council of Catholic Women. "What we want to do is connect with young women and be of service to them," Mary Ann Kramer, the organizations's president, told The Catholic Messenger, Davenport diocesan newspaper. "It's just not logical to think women in their 20s and 30s can be actively involved" at a time when they are concentrating on starting families and building careers, Mrs. Kramer said. To be of service to young Catholic women and perhaps attract their interest in the organization later on, she said, councils should offer workshops on parenting, stress management and allied topics, and organize "mother's helper" programs. Mrs. Kramer met with directors from the organization's 27 U.S. provinces, 15 officers and committee heads last month at a Franciscan monastery near Davenport. In her role路 as council president, Mrs. Kramer has traveled from her home in Lucan, Minn., to council meetings across the country. A common concern for local and diocesan councils is the low level of involvement by young women. The concern, she said, is a clear indication that council members need to be more attuned to the life stages of those women. But that doesn't mean Mrs. Kramer sees no need for increasing membership and "creating awareness" about all the local and global needs the council is addressing. "If we show people what we're doing and make membership vital and attractive, people are going to say, 'I'm interested in that,' " she said. The National Council of Catholic Women and its 8,000 local affiliates, including the Fall River Diocesan Council of Catholic Women, support many social service progr.&.Ills and are active in lobbying fot legislation to meet human needs and protect human life. One of their best-known activities is a respite program in which volunteers care for seriously ill or disabled people while the primary caregiver, usually a spouse or parent, takes time off. "It's not optional whether we get involved, but rather how we get involved," Mrs. Kramer said. "We are called to serve by virtue of our baptism and confirmation."

NC photo


of Christian minds being formed by television, radio and. the press rather than by receiving and pondering the word of Gc;>d. "Our vision and ur'lderstanding risk being shaped by the spirit of this world, a spirit which often runs counter to the Spirit of God," he said. Father Duprey brought the pope's greeting to Lambeth. In his message, Pope John Paul praised the "prominent place" the question of Christian unity was to have at the conference. Calling the ecumenical movement "a grace of God for our times," the pope expressed "the fervent hope that your assembly will prove to be a positive step on the way to unity."


CANTERBURY ARCHBISHOP Robert Runcie, head of the world's Anglicans, shares prayer with Pope John Paul II in this 1982 photograph taken in the Martyrdom Chapel of Canterbury Cathedral, England, where 51. Thomas Becket was murdered in 1170 for upholding the rights of the church. (NCJ UPI photo)

Unity hope expressed by pope, Archbishop Runcie CANTERBURY, England (NC) - Archbishop Robert Runcie of Canterbury, spiritual head of the world's Anglicans, has asked his fellow bishops at a major meeting of the church's hierarchy in Canterbury from July 17 to Aug. 7 to keep the Anglican Communion united despite divisive issues such as women's ordination. Regarding unity with Catholics, Archbishop Runcie said Anglicans have no intention of developing an alternative papacy. He said they want to deal with the existing structure "and hopefully help in its continuing development and reform as a ministry of unity for all Christians." In a message to Archbishop Runcie, Pope John Pauf If expressed "fervent hope" that the meeting would be a positive step towards Catholic-Anglican unity and that "new obstacles" would not arise to hinder the c.ause of unity. Speaking at the opening of the Lambeth Conference, a gathering of Anglican bishops held every 10 years, Archbishop Runcie challenged the 525 participants to find ways of preventing the communion from dividing over the issue of ordaining women not only to priesthood but also to the episcopacy. The communion',s member churches are autonomous, but the archbishop said they are being called to move from independence to interdependence, involving a critical examination of the Anglican concept of "dispersed authority." Archbishop Runcie said the Anglican Communion has reached a point in which the bishops must begin to make radical choices, or the communion would begin to ceca)'.

"I believe the choice between independence and interdependence . .. is quite simply the choice between unity or gradual fragmentation," Archbishop Runcie said. "Do we want the Anglican Communion?" he asked. "And if we do, what are we going to do about itT' Referring to his visit to Assisi, Italy, in October 1986 at the invitation of Pope John Paul to join other religious leaders in praying for peace, the archbishop said: "Whether we like it or not, there is only one church and one bishop who could have effectively convoked such an ecumenical gathering. At Assisi I saw the vision of a new style of Petrine ministry ... primacy rather than a papal monarchy." One of the Issues on the conference agenda is formulating the official Anglican response to the final report of the first AnglicanRoman Catholic International Commission, with its agreed statements on the Eucharist, on ministry and ordination, and on authority, including that of the papacy. Father Pierre Duprey of the Vatican Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity alluded to the tensions caused by the ordination of women when he spoke of the danger

Priests' retreat The annual retreat for diocesan priests will be conducted by Father David B. Knight of the diocese of Memphis, Tenn. He is the author of "His Way," a well-known series of devotional books. As usual, the retreat will be offered twice, Sept. 5 through 9 and Sept. 12 through 16. It will be reid at Cathedral Camp, East Freetown.


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"At the same time, conscious of the difficulties that prevent us from reaching that full communion for which our Lord prayed and anxious lest new obstacles arise, we likewise pray to be ever more faithful to this grace, so that the works of the Lord may be fulfilled in us," the message concluded. In a July 12 statement, Father Kevin McDonald of the unity secretariat said the issue of ordaining women as priests and bishops was expected to "figure very significantly" in the Lambeth Conference. "The ordination of women in a sense pinpoints and focuses some real differences between Anglicanism and Catholicism," his statement said, "differences about understanding of church, oftradition and of authority." Women's ordination is closely linked "to the very central issue of reconciliation of ministries" between the two churches, he said.

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the moorins.-, The Politics of Management Although Mr. Jackson won the convention, Mr. Dukakis won the nomination. It was the politics of management, at which Dukakis is a past master. Nevertheless, the Democrats were a bit on the down side in Atlanta. Gone were the voices of unions, platform demands and good old-fashioned in-house battles. Even the traditional marching song, "Happy Days are Here Again," was not heard. Rather, the voices of revivalism and patriotism blended to project a tent meeting gone bigtime. There were moments when one expected a Jimmy Swaggart or an Oral Roberts to promise salvation to all Americans. But the sonorous voice of Jackson was allowed to echo through the Omni simply by necessity. The management team gave him what he needed, a place in the spotlight. They made sure that's all he got. Any more, and they all would have been in trouble. The manipulation of Jackson, the predetermination of Bentsen and the mandate of party unity were ~he work of Dukakis and his management team. He ran the convention long before the troops arrived in Atlanta. True, he took some risks, but he won not by chance but because he held the cards. The party chiefs knew this as did the so-called super delegates. What deals were struck, and indeed there were many, will only surface as the road show moves toward the November deadline. However, the calculating determination of Dukakis keeps all camps in line while at the same time silencing any opposition. As history shows only too well, this is no mean task when you're dealing with Democrats. For this, Dukakis deserves at least a pat on the shoulder. Yet to give more at this time would be rather difficult. In many ways he is the epitome ofthe limousine liberal, even if he rides the subway and buys his suits in Filene's basement. His positions on many fundamental issues, including abortion, school prayer and aid to private schools are very difficult to .accept. There are indeed many praiseworthy social issues Dukakis has espoused, but he remains weak on too many ethical matters. It will be interesting to see if he is challenged in the course of the campaign. To date he has been a master at letting others take the blame. And many resent the political use of the so-called Massachusetts miracle. Many in this state would deny that Dukakis is the miracle worker. The high-tech defense industry and the enormous expansion of the computer business in the Bay State have little dependence on the Dukakis administration. Many Dukakis appointments, especially in the area. of education and state colleges, have been embarrassing, to say the least. One also cannot forget that the state has only been able to balance the budget for fiscal 1989 with new taxes, deep cuts in previously promised funds and a greedy eye on lottery funds. These local issues certainly will not be ignored on the national level. They did not reach the conventIOn floor in Atlanta but they will play weB in many other (;owns and cities. Yet despite aU ~:his Dukak:.s hall j?roven 'that !le is a tough. customer and that he has learned well the politIcs of tiurvivaL His skills and talents are many: he can compromise and knows when to go for it or Quit. His cleverness and basic instincts have helped him to cap\:ure the Democratic party. l'h~



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Wooing the Hispanic vote WASHINGTON (NC)-Church officials are taking steps to get out the Hispanic vote - a vote they feel could have a major impact on the 1988 presidential election because of Hispanics' ·concentration in key states. While apathy and disenchantment with public officials have kept Hispanics from developing a significant voting bloc in the past, this year "there's been an all-out effort by grassroots nonprofit organizations to get the voters out," said Pablo Sedillo, director of the U.S. bishops' Secretariat for Hispanic Affairs. The church is among agencies pushing Hispanics to enter the polling booth, Sedillo said in an interview, adding that he urges priests to "preach political responsibility" at Sunday Mass. "This year, there is more interest in Hispanics ... the world is taking us seriously," said Mario Paredes, executive director of the New York-based Northeast Hispanic Catholic Center. Concentration of Hispanics in nine states that hold 7 I percent of the 270 electoral votes needed to elect the president make them a group to be courted this election year, saId Angelo Falcon, presiQF.!1t oUhe New York-based Insti~ute for Puerto Rican Policy, at a meeting i.n June at the Northeast Hispanic Catholic Center. He cited California, with 47 eiectoral votes; New York with 36; Texas, 29; Illinois, 24; Florida, 21; New Jersey, 16; Colorado, eight; Arizona, seven; and New Mexico, five. Backing up Falcon's assertion was a study released in late May by the non-partisan National Associa~ion o{=..atino Elected and Ap'Jointed Officia;s, which said the Hispanic vote could IJe a swing vote that affects the ::·esults of a ciose presidential race in several key states.

The 1988 presidential candidates have no choice but "to pay attention to us - especially if it's a close race, and it looks like it's going to be one," Falcon said in an interview after the meeting. Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis and Vice President George Bush as well as Democratic contender Jesse Jackson made concerted efforts to woo Hispanics in state primaries nationwide. Dukakis, who speaks fluent Spanish. addressed Hispanics in their native language during the campaign, both in person and on television commercials. His running mate, Sen. Lloyd Bentsen of Texas; also speaks the language. Bush touted bilingual education during a visit to a heavily Hispanic East Los Angeles high school prior to the California primary despite Reagan administration attempts to scale back bilingual education progra:r>s. And Bush's Spanish-speaking son, Florida Commerce Secretary Jeb Bush, whose wife is MexicanAmerican, has reportedly won votes for Bush among Florida's significant Cuban voting bloc. In a July S speech in Dallas to members of the League of United Latin American Citizens, an umbrella organization of Hispanic groups, Bush promised to name a Hispanic to his cabinet if elected president. Dukakis, criticizing the Reagan administration··s hiring practices, said Bush's promise came eight years too late, He said his own record in Massachusetts guarantees that blacks, Hispanics, Asians and women would be well-:-epresented at "ail levels" of his administration if he is elected president. According to figures released by the Southwes~ Voter Registration and Education ProJect, based in San Antonio, Texas, the number

of U.S. Hispanics registered to vote has jumped from 2.5 million in 1976 to 4.3 million in early 1988. Project staff say the number may reach 5 million by November. ' The number of Hispanic elected officials nationwide has gone from 600 in 1974 to 3,038 this year, according to project statistics. While he sees both Democratic and Republican parties attempting to sway Hispanics, Sedillo said he doubts either has been successful. "Many Hispanics feel their platforms and policies don't reflect the issues that realiy affect Hispanics," he said. A platform se::lsitive to the Hispanic voter, Seoillo said, would include planks on English-only policy, economic development, employment security and other "breadand-Butter issues." Sedillo, who chaired the 1988 National Hispanic ·:...t:adership Conference held in Washington in April, said its 300 delegates unanimously approvec. an agenda that spelled out concems of disparate groups of Hispar:'cs, ranging from Mexican-Americ<:!!s from Texas and California, ,:) Cubans from Miami and Pue.·to Ricans from New York. A coalition of 5::me 120 political and community j(;aders who sponsored the confe,:c:J.ce, held only during election years, designed the agenda which: - Urged appo;,ntment of Hispanics to the !,"f.:aident's Cabinet and to the Supreme Court. - Opposed moves to make English the officiai 'J.S. ianguage. - Called for ·;;~1ter cooperation and communics~~;cn in U.S. foreign policy tow!:::': ~_a6:, American :lations. - Urgt;ri ,:;·'8'"-1 in immigration, asyiu:n an~ ;:·ection policies. Presidential ~andidates will be invited to respond to the agenda.

• r

Altarnate solution My friend the liturgist suggests a solution to the vexing altar girl controversy which won't go away. She suggests that we scrap the whole idea of boys and girls and go back to the early tradition of table ministers. She says that in the early Christian community where Mass was held in homes, the host family served as helpers at the liturgy. What a great idea - have a family as altar servers. Even if it's all sons, there's usually a mother attached and the church reveres mothers, even if they happen to be women. And the presence of a family around the altar would give us a sense of unity and do away with sexual distractions, purported to be a great problem for altar boys. Brothers and sisters are rarely distracted by one another. I hear the what-ifs coming already. What if a single-parent family applies for the position? Well, it depends. If it's a widow and her children, it's likely to be okay because the church has always honored widows, even if they happen to be women. If it's a

divorced father and his kids, it's also likely to slip by the edicts because the church has always revered single fathers around the altar, even when they happen to be celibate. The problem gets sticky with a single mother and her kids. If her marriage has been properly annulled or if she's old enough not to distract any potential vocations to the priesthood, she might be valid, even if her marriage isn't. The cases likely to reach the supreme curial court would probably swirl around a single attractive mother and her children or a non-widowed remarried woman with step-children. Even these might be mitigated by the presence of many boys whose experience around the altar might lead them to the priesthood some day. But even though a family around the altar makes good sense, what about canon law that holds that the physical resemblance to Jesus. is a requirement for worthiness at Jesus' table. (Not his original table. We presume Mary was acceptable, even if she was a woman.) My friend the liturgist has an answer to this, too. If one reads canon law carefully, she says, the

Schisms don't help A newspaper columnist who sees some good coming out of the schism of French Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre and those who adhere to him recently wrote, "Lefebvre is unintentionally providing a service. He is reminding the world that Catholicism ... was once an unbending hierarchy of triumphalists who preached that their way was God's way. They kept the church as a hostage, not a haven." Perhaps there is some truth in this. And perhaps there will be schisms as long as there is a church. But there are several reasons to become concerned about them and especially the one just formalized when, against the pope's will, Archbishop Lefebvre ordained four bishops for his traditionalist movement. Unity is the foundation of our faith. Our sacramental life is based on love and union with God and each other. A schism is a rupture of that unity, an action that rends the community. Pope Paul VI saw the unity of three persons in one God - the dialogue of the Trinity - as the perfect model for the church in its renewal. Recall the Scriptural images of Christ talking with his Father. The more we talk to each other humbly and lovingly, the better we can work with each other. Pope John Paul II sees such dialogue at the heart of the sacrament of penance in which we talk to God, God talks to us, and our healing is effected. A schism stifles dialogue. Ultimately it sets back attempts at renewal. It always wounds and never heals. The Lefebvre schism is damaging, particularly because the world more than ever needs unity, healing and the dialogue necessary to bring this about. A world at risk of war (imagine what one more mistake in the Per-

sian Gulf could mean) cries out for signs of unity. Married couples also seek for models of unity. If there is one thing families do not need to read about, it is the church splitting within its upper ranks. Examples abound that show us that a schism, like sin, is never private. Everyone gets hurt by what it does and the bad example it sets. A schism creates a negative atmosphere. That can become a rallying point for others with axes to grind in the church. The negative atmosphere tends to draw out the worst in people. Discord is the result, sapping


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Diocese of Fall River -

July 29 1913, Rev. Mathias McCabe, Pastor, Sacred Heart, Fall River July 31. 1865, Rev. Daniel Hearne, Pastor, St. Mary, Taunton August 5 1917, Rev. MartinJ. Fox, Founder, St. Paul, Taunton 1934, Rev. Thomas A. Kelly, Pastor, SS. Peter & Paul, Fall River 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 THE ANCHOR (USPS-545-020). Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published weekly except the week of July 4 and the week after Christmas at410 Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02720 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mail, postpaid $10.00 per year. Postmasters sen(! address changes to The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River, MA 02722.






Fri., July 29, 1988




When a

• marriage is valid

only action forbidden to women on the altar is to touch the cruets. (I bet a woman washes them, : Q. In a recent answer to a Caththough.) olic man who had remarried, you Girls can handle the books, turn stated that since he was not marthe little ribbons in the big book, ried originally by a priest or with a light candles and hand the cele- . dispensation, his first marriage was brant his towel. Sort of like home, not valid according to cburch law. in fact. He did not need an annulment. So let's add table minister famiI was married last summer to a lies to the ongoing dialogue of who fine man, a member of the First belongs on the altar, just to give Christian Church. His ex-wife is a the issue a bit of refreshing fuel. Methodist, so they were married My friend the liturgist tells me by a minister. We have been told that families are, in fact, minister- by my parish priest that my husing all over the country but I band and his ex-wife had to ask for agreed to keep names and churches an annulment through the Cathoconfidential because I protect my lic Church even though neither is sources. Catholic. She further tells me that while Why this inconsistency? If the this idea excludes never-married Catholic man who wrote to you women and nuns there are ways of does not need an annulment, why forming groups of single women does my husband? (Indiana) into canonical families for a week A. From my mail and my peror a Sunday~ That will be the next sonal experience as pastor, more big challenge, I suppose. confusion exists over this matter than over any other point of Catholic marriage legislation. Catholics as well as non-CathoBy lics who are considering marrying a Catholic would save themselves FATHER enormous inconvenience, misunderstanding, grief and hurt if they would burn into their minds two EUGENE basic, general rules in Catholic marriage legislation: HEMRICK 1) Catholics must be married before a priest or deacon to be validly (that is, truly, effectively) married in the Catholic Church. 2) If they are married legally, energies within the church and diverting attention from important the marriage oftwo non-Catholics, whatever their religion or lack of goals. religion, is as valid and real a marThus it is that disunity leads to riage as a Catholic marriage as far greater disunity. as the Catholic Church is conLet's not kid ourselves. Schisms, cerned. no matter how one tries to see As I said, ignorance of the fact good in them, are anything but that there is a big difference begood. tween those two situations causes widespread and unnecessary confusion. The Catholic Church has laws like this for its own members to The prohibition is part of a new assist and strengthen them in their regulation prohibiting printed ma- faith, individually and in their marterials on particular subjects from ried and family life. The church entering the country, according to does not, and has never wished to, the semiofficial China News Serv- apply those laws to people of other ice report, monitored in Hong faiths or of no faith at all. Thus, if two people who are not Kong. The rule took effect June Catholic and who are not pre15. The regulation lists five main vented by some impediment (such subjects for import prohibition. It as a previous marriage to someone bars religious materials which are else) marry before a Protestant to be distributed in China, includ- minister, a justice of the peace or ing those to be imported by indi- any other legally recognized offividuals or overseas religious or- cial; the Catholic Church recogganizations, Small amounts of re- nizes that marriage just as everyligious literature for personal use one else does. Those two rules explain why the will be allowed. Other banned literature includes Catholic man who was never marmaterials on subjects such as as- ried before a priest is now free to trology and fortune-telling, and marry in the Catholic Church. They also explain why the Cathprinted matter that contains pornography and material considered olic Church considers your husharmful to the politics, economics, band's first marriage to be a real one. Your parish priest is right. In culture and morality of China. The regulation also controls a our understanding of the meaning wide range of information mate- of marriage, he would not be free to marry again until the union rials, from books to videotapes with his first wife is dealt with all under the heading of "printed materials." Any person entering or properly. Incidentally, contrary to what leaving China has to declare all such materials they carry. They some people claim they were taught, the Catholic Church has include film negatives, photonever denied the validity of margraphs, paper models, paintings, riages between non-Catholics just dolls, handwritten scripts and because that marriage took place photocopies.


before the minister of another church or a civil judge rather than a priest. 'We Catholics respect the sacredness and, when the spouses are baptized, even the sacramentality of those marriages as seriously as we respect the marriage of two Catholics within the church. sO' I'm sorry for the inconsistency and confusion you perceive in what is happening. I hope you will talk with a priest and follow through with whatever is possible so both you and your husband might practice your faiths fully. A free brochure explaining Catholic regulations on membership in the Masons and other organizations is available by sending a stamped, self-addressed envelope to Father John Dietzen, Holy Trinity Parish, 704 N. Main St., Bloomington, III. 61701. Questions for this column should be sent to Father Dietzen at the same address.

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The Anchor - .....- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . , Friday, July 29, 1988

NFP study Continued from Page One

Israeli politics not above judgment MILAN, Italy (NC) - CatholicJewish religious bonds are no barrier to Catholic criticism of Israeli political policies, said an Italian bishop involved in dialogue between the faiths. Catholics are free to "defend and to help" Jews while also remaining free to question Israel, said Bishop AlbertQ Ablondi of Leghorn, Italy. The Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano strongly criticized Israeli soldiers recently seen on network news breaking the arms of handcuffed Arabs. Later, the Jesuit-run magazine La Civilta Cattolica likened Israeli actions in the occupied West Bank and Gaza to Nazi policies toward Jews. Civilta Cattolica articles are usually approved by the Vatican Secretariat of State. " Bishop Ablondi is president of the Italian bishops' Secretariat for Ecumenism and Dialogue. His call for a clear distinction between religion and politics in CatholicJewish dialogue came in a bylined article in Avvenire, an Italian Catholic newspaper. He said he wrote at the request of secretariat members who asked him "to make opportune distinctions." For Catholics, religious ties "impose a commitment to love, to respect, to understand, to defend and to help" Jews, he said. "This attachment, however, cannot be demanded regarding the policies of the state of Israel," said Bishop Ablondi. At the same time, Catholics cannot question their religious ties to Jews "because of government decisions which cannot be identified with the Jewish people and because of the orientations of political forces which cannot even be identified with the government," he added. This is "liberating for Christians who can love Jews and their Holy Land without feeling themselves mixed up in always arguable political activities," he said. The bishop criticized "dissonant Catholic voices" in Italy which ignore church rejection of anti-Semitism. He named no one, but said these voices "do not have an influence in ecclesial circles."

THE CELEBRANT SINGERS of Visalia, Calif., will be heard in a program of liturgical music, songs of praise, contemporary gospel songs and worship choruses at LaSalette Shrine, Attleboro, on Aug. 6. They will sing at 6:30 p.m. Mass and will present a Twilight Garden Concert at 7:30 p.m. The group has appeared in all 50 states and many foreign countries. In Italy they performed before Pope John Paul II. All welcome.

With prayer, protest, Democrats Continued from Page One "pro-abortion" presidential candidate, Minnesota pro-life delegates cast three protest votes July 20 for a pro-life Idaho congressman. He is Rep. Richard Stallings who, according to delegate Jackie Schwietz, "is a 100 percent prolifer." "There was just no way we could put those votes with somebody who has a 100 percent pro-abortion rating," said Mrs. Schwietz, floor leader of the National Pro-Life Democrats. Other abortion protests took place outside the convention hall. An "Operation Rescue" protest July 19 resulted in arrest of 134 anti-abortion protesters at Atlanta

SurgiCenter, more than a mile from the convention site. Meanwhile, Rachel MacNair tried to tell convention delegates why being feminist and pro-life go together. From Kansas City, Mo., she is national president of Feminists for Life, a 2,000-member organization with the slogan "women's rights plus unborn children's rights equal human rights." . "We have a phenomenon called 'instant converts,' "she said, referring to people who suddenly realize that feminists can be opposed to abortion. "There's. an awful lot of such people out there." In another event, national antiabortion leaders said July 20 that

Meanwhile, the Republicans ARLINGTON, Va. (NC) Meanwhile, in the Republican camp, George Bush has promised the National Right to Life Committee that he would be "a pro-life president." And Rep. Jack F. Kemp, RN.Y., at NRLC's July 21-23 convention in Arlington, called for "more persuasion, more love, more tenacity" to convince people that abortion is wrong.


Vice President Bush sent a videotaped message to the convention July 22, the day after he was endorsed for president by the National Right to Life Political Action Committee. Representing Bush at the convention, Kemp told the group that "the more" people think about this issue, the more they feel this is a movement of love, the better chance we have of not just overturning a


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the Democratic Party's abortion position so alienates Americans that it undermines Democratic chances of winning the presidency. Dr. John C. Willke, National Right to Life Committee president, denounced the Democratic ticket as "the most pro-abortion presidential ticket in history. When enough people know the truth," he said, "they will not vote for a ticket that denies compassion for the most helpless human beings of all - unborn babies." A day later in Arlington, Va., the National Right to Life Political Action Committee officially endorsed the Republican presidential candidate, Vice President George Bush.

••• bad law but of changing hearts and minds." In his message Bush said that "this fall, you've got a very clear choice. Together we can continue the struggle to protect the sanctity of life or we can turn the presidency over to those for whom this is not a priority. We can continue to speak for those who have no voice or we can endure the silence that hung like a cloud over Atlanta this week" at the Democratic National Convention. "I believe that abortion is wrong," he said. KI believe that we should work for a constitutional amendment to overturn Roe vs. Wade," the Supreme Court decision that struck down state abortion laws. "I believe that states should have the right to prohibit abortions, and let's give them that right. And I believe that federal funds should not be used to finance abortion. I believe we need a human life amendment." In his address Kemp quoted from Dukakis' acceptance speech in Atlanta July 21 which he referred to his unborn grandchild. "He and Kitty are praying for that child," Kemp said. "Dukakis "has no doubt that child is already a human being ... with what he prays will be a bright future." And if it is true that Dukakis' grandchild is already a human being, "it must be equally true of every single unborn child in this country and around the world," Kemp said.

The encyclical reaffirmed church opposition to artificial forms of birth control and encouraged development of natural methods for spacing or avoiding pregnancies. The results of the study "verify that couples who are properly instructed and well-disposed find natural methods satisfactory and effective in planning births," wrote Chicago Cardinal Joseph L. Bernardin chairman of the bishops' pro-life committee, in a July 15 letter to U.S. bishops.. Cardinal Bernardin said the study "challenges all of us to increase our efforts to make NFP an important and vital part of every phase of family ministry." The study, conducted by Social Service Sister Grace A. Boys, a researcher at the University of Portland, Ore., is based on responses of 3,345 couples in 24 diocesan natural family planning programs. Husbands and wives completed separate andjointquestionnaires. After the religious motivation for using NFP Sister Boys said, the couples listed health reasons, including side effects of birth control pills and other artificial means of contraception. Couples in the study had participated in either the ovulation or sympto-thermal method of NFP. Unlike the "rhythm method," which assumed a woman's cycle of fertile and infertile periods was the same every month, NFP is based on biological changes monitored daily. The new study provides data to support what couples who teach natural family planning have been saying for years, said Bishop McHugh. "Their marriages are satisfying, there is more rapport and better communication" between the wife and husband, because the method "relies on the mutual cooperation of both the husband and wife." The couples in the study had been married for an average of 8.6 years. The average age of the women was 3 J. 7 and of the men 33.8. Most of the couples use NFP to space births, said Sister Boys, and 10 to 15 percent use it to achieve pregnancy. More than three-fourths of the couples were using natural family planning at the time of the study, half had been using it for more than three years and 35 percent for more than five years. Papal Comments Also in connection with the 20th anniversary of "Humanae Vitae," at a July 23 general audience at the Vatican Pope John Paul II urged newlyweds to read and meditate on it, calling it an important document "which with enlightened doctrinal certainty and with profound human sensitivity traces the necessary directives for realizing a responsible parenthood."

Video issued by Disabilities Office WASHINGTON (NC) - The National Catholic Office for Persons with Disabilities has issued a IS-minute video, "We Are One Flock." Open-captioned for the hearing impaired, it features persons with disabilities who are active in their parishes. it is available from the Disabilities Office at P.O. Box 29113, Washington, D.C. 20017.

THE ANCHOR - Diocese of Fall River - Fri., July 29, 1988

Bentsen record mixed on social justice WASHINGTON (NC) - Democratic vice presidential candidate Sen. Lloyd Bentsen of Texas, 67, a millionaire who once defeated George Bush in a Senate race, brings a mixed record on social justice issues to the 1988 campaign. On 20 key national and international policy issues, Bentsen's votes concurred 13 times with positions of Network, a social justice lobby founded by nuns. Between 1983 and 1988, on 18 'abortion-related votes, Bentsen voted against the position of the National Right to Life Committee 14 times, voted with the committee once, and failed to cast votes three times, according to National Right to Life Committee records. According to statistics from JustLife, a newly formed pro-life political group scrutinizing politicians on a variety of "consistent ethic of life" issues, Bentsen has a 50-50 record on economic justice, war and peace questions and abortion issues. Democratic presidential candidate, Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis, has praised Bentsen's leadership in helping shepherd such measures as plant closing legislation, catastrophic health coverage -'\'<" . and welfare reform through the li#~ , legislative process. .;t. • The welfare reform bill is curACTOR MICKEY ROONEY returns to Boys Town, rently under discussion by a Neb., 50 years after-he costarred with Spencer Tracy in the Hou&e-Senate conference commit1938 hit film, "Boys Town," viewing a vintage poster with tee, of which Bentsen is a member. The plant closing bill passed the Father Val Peter, present director of the children's home (top Senate on a 72-33 vote July 6. The picture); in 1938 picture at bottom Rooney and filmmaker catastropic health bill has been Louis B. Maxer accept nut bowls made by Boys Town resisigned into law by the president. dents. Others, from left, Omaha Bishop James H. Ryan, Boys The U.S. Catholic Conference Town founder Father Edward J. Flanagan, Spencer Tracy. has backed the plant closing bill (NC photos) and welfare reform; while the Catholic Health Association and Catholic Charities USA welcomed enactment of the catastrophic health law. On social justice-related questions, the Texas senator's votes reflected Network positions on BOYS TOWN, Neb. (NC) Chief among the changes are the assistance to the homeless and Oscar-winning actor Mickey Roo- 135 girls who are among Boys funds for low-income housing pro- ney returned July 11 to Boys Town, Town's 450 residents. grams, plant closings, campaign the setting for one of his· most "For those of you who havejust financing restrictions, defense famous roles. come through degradation, I want spending, compliance with the Fifty years ago Rooney was an Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, l8-year-old top box-office attrac- you to realize and learn to accept immigration, and limits on testing tion portraying an irascib1e teen- your own wonderful individuality and development of some space- ager in the motion picture "Boys and how important you are as a based weapons. Town," the story of the home for human being," Rooney told residents. JustLife's tally covered "such troubled boys. "The world awaits you and the issues as prison system abortion The movie, filmed on location funding; the Hatch amendment; at Boys Town west of Omaha, also great progress that you will make District of Columbia abortion starred Spencer Tracy as Father here," he said. funds; anti-satellite weapons tests; Edward Flanagan, who founded Rooney, who shared a special the Strategic Defense Initiative; Boys Town in 1917. 1939 Academy Award with Deanna the Strategic Arms Limitation Several of the film's most mem- Durbin for "significant contribuTreaty; and defense spending. orable scenes involve Rooney's tions in bringing to the screen the It found Bentsen was absent for character, a rebellious youth named spirit and personification ofyouth," one abortion-related vote and voted Whitey, and 7-year-old Pee Wee, also won Oscar nominations for against the JustLife position on who befriends Whitey despite his best actor in 1939 and 1943. four other abortion-related votes. tough demeanor. A few years later, his career But he voted with the JustLife When Rooney arrived at Boys turned. "I went to the very baseposition on four of five issues Town's Hall of History to com- ment, to the bottom," he said. "I involving the nuclear arms race memorate the 50th anniversary of couldn't get a job because no one and war and peace questions and the film, he was grected by Bobs wanted Mickey Rooney." three of five issues of economic Watson, the actor who played Pee Confronted with rejection and j~stice, such as support for handi- Wee. capped-education programs, job Referring to Watson's childhood despair, he said, "I gave my life to training, and spending funds in- acting ability to turn on streams of Christ 20 years ago. I became a . tended for the Strategic Defense . tears, Rooney told Watson, "It's Christian." Rooney's career has turned upInitiative on low-income women's good to see you smiling, Bobs," as and children's nutrition needs the two white-haired men hugged. ward again. He was nominated for instead. Father Val Peter, executive di- best supporting actor in 1979 for rector of Boys Town, said the his role in "The Black Stallion." reunion was a surprise for Rooney. He won an Emmy for his role in The actor was welcomed by Boys the television movie "Bill." And he Not Only Bread Town Mayor Corey Randle and starred in the Broadway show "Man does not live by bread Deputy Mayor Jennifer Hufford. "Sugar Babies." alone, but by every word that pro- Randle told Rooney, "A lot of The almost 68-year-old actor ceeds from the mouth of God." things have changed since you last said he hopes to develop a weekly -Deut.8:3 were here in 1938." television series on Boys Town.

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VATICAN CITY (NC) - It was hot and humid in Rome 20 .years ago today when Pope Paul VI boosted the debate among Catholics on birth control to redhot temperatures by issuing his encyclical, Htimanae Vitae (Of Human Life), which closed the doctrinal door on artificial contraception. Its release to a waiting church on July 29, 1968, brought an explosion of protests and declarations that left a papacy in shock and a church divided. For the past 10 years, a different pope has made the "birth control encyclical" his own. While calling. the encyclical part ofthe."permanent patrimony" of the church's moral teaching, Pope John Paul II's thoughts on it have left their own lasting imprint. Pope Paul's encyclical contained no surprises, reaffirming the church's traditional opposition to artificial methods of birth control. However, the pope sought to place the teaching within a positive framework, saying that every sexual act must be open to the transmission of new life and stressing the "inseparable connection willed by God" between the unitive and procreative aspects of intercourse. But because of documents leaked the previous year, Catholics knew the pope had rejected the majority recommendation of a pontifical commission that had studied fhe birth control issue. The ensuing public controversy scarred the remaining two-thirds of the pontificate of the diplomatpope. Theologians and scientists published open letters lambasting ,the decision. Critics rejected the document's theology and questioned Pope Paul's authority to take such a stand. Pollsters tallied the widespread disregard of the letter by lay Catholics. Ten years later, a little more than a month before his death Pope Paul broke his long silenc~ on the subject. In a June 23 1978 speech marking the anniver~ary of.

his election, the ailing pope spoke of the painful reception accorded Humanae Vitae. "This document of our pontificate caused us anguish," he said, "perhaps especially because among Catholics and public opinion in general there was a certain climate of expectancy that concessions, relaxations or liberalization of the church's moral doctrine and teaching on marriage would be made." The pope told the College of Cardinals that the time had come to "reassert the important principles which ... we pronounced in a very carefully formulated way." Taking that message to heart was one of those cardinals, Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Krakow, Poland. Elected pope four months after Pope Paul's speech, he wholeheartedly adopted his predecessor's encyclical, simultaneously making it his own. Pope John Paul brought to the question of contraception his philosophy of personalism with its emphasis on the dignity of the human individual. He wrote in his apostolic letter on the family that sexuality "is by no means something purely biological, but concerns the innermost being of the human person as such." Likewise, fertility "surpasses the purely biological order and involves a whole series of personal values." Contraception does not just sever the unitive and procreative aspects of human love, but violates the person's "innermost being" by frustrating the "total physical selfgiving" which is a characteristic {)f human love. In a 1984 talk, the pope said marital intercourse "ceases to be an act of love" when birth control is used because it violates the "inner order of conjugal communion." During his series of talks on Humanae Vitae that year, the pope also emphasized that the encyclical's teaching belongs not only to the natural law invoked by Pope

Paul VI, but to the church's own tradition and divine revelation. Even if the encyclical's teaching "is not found literally in sacred Scripture," the pope said, it "is in accordance with the sum total of revealed doctrine contained in biblical sources." This year, in a talk to natural family planning experts meeting in Rome, the pope emphasized that far from being a teaching that will one day be reversed, Humanae Vitae is "a teaching which belongs to the permanent patrimony of the moral doctrine of the church." "The uninterrupted continuity with which the church has proposed [this teaching] is born from its responsibility for the true good of the human person," he added. While Pope Paul VI, in his 1978 speech to the cardinals, addressed the issue of "dissident criticism" with the vague declaration that some of it "goes well beyond that healthy need which the church has constantly to purify herself," Pope John Paul·has been a good deal stronger. In 1987 he said that "what is taught by the church on contraception does not belong to material freely debatable among theologians." Those who disagree with the church's teachings "guide couples down the wrong path," he added. On another occasion the pope said that those who tell couples the church's teaching is open to discussion do so not out of "pastoral understanding" but rather out of a "lack of understanding of the true good of persons." Not everyone is convinced, however. Statistics indicate that Catholics still practice birth control at roughly the same rate as nonCatholics. And theologians who disagree with Humanae Vitae continue to argue that the issue is one of freedom of conscience. But Pope John Paul has made abundantly clear during the first 10 years of his pontificate that he believes Humanae Vitae is here to stay.




Norris H. Tripp

By Joseph Motta

Since the Cape Irish Children's Program was established in 1975, "just about 1000 new children have come" from wartorn Belfast, Northern Ireland,' for a relaxing Cape Cod summer, according 1'0 Mary Smith of Our Lady of Victory parish, Centerville, the program's current director.. Barnstable Village resident Mrs. Smith says that program workers "believe that the children are th~ key to future peace in Northem Ireland" and that the program, as its motto claims, is "building 'bridges through understandirig, trust and respect." The Cape :rish Children's Program, the oldest of its type in the United States, is funded by donations from individuals, businesses" fraternal and civic groups and churc:les. "Most of our money does come from churches," Mrs. Smith said, explaining that Christian churches on and off the Cape have helped. Catholics have made very significant contributions, she notes. The political, social and economic climate in Belfast makes it extremely difficult for Catholic and Protestant youngsters to come together in friendship. Even schools are segregated. On Cape Cod, though, coming together is very easy. This year 59 children, including42 first-timers, are on the Cape. "It's half boys, half girls, half Catholic, half Protestant," Mrs. Smith says. The program's buddy system, which pairs Catholics and Protestants for the bus trips involved at either end ofthe IrelandU.S. journey, has been particularly successful. First-visit youngsters, ages 10 and II, are selected for the program by principals and teachers. Paul Me Killen, the program's Northern Ireland coordinator, interviews applicants' families, reassuring them, said Mrs. Smith, "that we're going to take care of their little ones." First-timers' travel and medical insurance costs are covered by the program but host families are responsible for all other expenses. This year 17 children made return visits to Cape families who paid for their travel and insurance. Such arrangements can be made through the program until children are 14,

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Landscape Contractors ENJOYING a recent program picnic are, foreground from left, Philip Addis, David McCahey and John Englisl1. b;.Jt thereafter families and their said, have an especiaily good reguests are on their awn. sponse rate. Fundraising events, The Irish youngsters arrived this planned during the fall, are underyear on June 24 to stay through -way by that time too, she added. Aug. 5. Host families represent As comes, prospective communities from Buzzards Bay host families are interviewed and to Chatham "and everything in flying arrangements are finalized. between," plus Mattapoisett and Bernadette McKillen, Paul's wife, Fairhaven, says Mrs, Smil:l1. and child welfare worker John This year the program had more McManus will chaperone the chilhosts than it could use. Mrs. Smith dren this year, and McManus will cited recent stepped-up trouble in stay with the Smiths. In 1985 and 1986, Mary and Northern Ireland as a factor prompting the wish to give chilMaurice Smith hosted a Catholic dren a break from violence. 'But boy, Gerald Carson. "He took the organization realized fewer over the house," Mrs. Smith smiled. donations this year, she added, "He was cute. It was "our house" blaming the economy and new tax and "our car! laws. Thus fewer children could be "We gained as much or more brought to the Cape. than we gave when we had Gerald," The Dublin-Boston round trip Mrs. Smith continued. currently costs $529 per child. 1988 plans include the program's Belfast-to-Dublin bus fare is paid annual ecumenical service, schedby Northern Ireland's Ministry of uled this year at Our Lady of VicEducation. tory, and a family cookout. Mrs. Smith, a former ConnectiClaire Watts of Mashpee's Christ cut resident with Irish roots, has lived on Cape Cod for about 15 the King parish is the organizayears. She has four grown and tion's current treasurer. Warren married children and nim: grand- Dyson of West Barnstable, "my right arm," says Mrs. Smith, is children. Her husband Maurice, she says, is a valued adviser and coordinator, ajob which carries as its main responsibility lining up program aide. When Mrs. Smith was asked to host families. be program treasurer in 1982, she "said yes right away because I just believed in what the people were doing here. I had read about the troubles in Ireland and felt strongly NEW YORK (NC) - Joseph J. that we should try to do something, our own little bit to sow Reilly Jr., a former policy assistsome seeds of peace and under- ant in the Rhode Island governor's office, has been named national standing." After a busy four years as trea- director of Morality in Media, a surer, she became program direc- New York-based anti-pornography tor in 1986, taking on the extra organization. Before joining Morality in Meresponsibility since she was "just wanting to do everything possible dia, Reilly was deputy director of policy for Republican Gov. Edward to help the program." Mrs. Smith traveled to Belfast D. DiPrete of Rhode Island. Earbefore this summer's youngsters lier he was director of human arrived to meet with parents, resources for a Worcester comexplain the program and "reaffirm pany and vice-president of human resources for a Boston corporation. Paul's work." He is finishing a third term as She says it takes most of the year to coordinate the annual vis- chairman of the board of Massaits. Last October marked the begin- chusetts Citizens for Life, Inc. He ning of preparations for this sea- holds a bachelor's degree from son with elections and "a pot luck Holy Cross College, Worcester, supper to get committee members and a master's in religious educatogether to socialize a little before tion from Emmanuel College, Bosstarting work." November saw ton. Morality in Media is a national, "aims and goals" discussed, including the all-important question, nonsectarian organization seeking "How much money must we raise?" vigorous enforcement of obscenity In December, the director said, laws and other constitutional means members contact churches, organ- to stop illegal trafficking in porizations and individuals who have nography. helped the program in the past to request continued support. In January and February, host families are sought through radio, newspaper and parish bulletin publicity. The bulletins, Mrs. Smith

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., July 29,1988

Disarm, says pope UNITED NAnONS (NC) Pope John Paul II has urged nations to adopt a global disarmament plan and a new international

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convention against use of chemical weapons. His comments came in a speech to the U.N. General Assembly's third special session on disarmament. They were delivered by Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, Vatican secretary of state.


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Dear Dr. Kenny: How would }'ou handle this situation? When my youngest sister was 44, she left her husband and five children to live with a boyfriend in California. Her two sons are still not contented with what happened. I am the oldest in the family. I want nothing to do with her. Why should she be welcomed with open arms when she returns for a visit after the hurt she has caused our family? - Pennsylvania I can understand your anger, your disappointment and your reaction. You and the rest of the family have been hurt by your sister and "want nothing to do with her." I could counsel forgiveness, but you did not say that your sister was asking to be forgiven. She simply returns occasionally for a

visit. You want to know if and why simply that you have not forsaken she should be welcomed. her. Some might say that the family After a bitter presidential camshould continue to snub and out- paign, Abraham Lincoln was asked law your sister to teach her the if he intended to get rid of his eneerror of her ways, and let others mies. He answered, "Yes." When learn from her lesson. Forgive her, asked how, he replied, "By making but only if she remedies the wrongs them mv friends." If yo~ no longer care for your that she has committed. The problem with this response sister and find it unsettling in your is that it rarely works. It sounds own life to continue to consider good, the "correct" thing to say, her, then let her be. You may keep putting the speaker in a superior your anger to yourself, but at the position, but it usually pushes the same time, keep your distance. If, however, you are looking for offender further away. Hatred is a very unpleasant and an opportunity to rid yourself of painful emotion, often causing bitterness, reach out gently to your more suffering in the hater than in sister. If you hope for a change in the one who is hated. You should . her ways, she is more likely to rid yourself of the hatred lest it respond to kindness than to criticism and alienation. consume you. Reader questions on family livYou might make the normal social overtures when she comes ing and child care to be answered for a visit, being pleasant and in print are invited. Address the friendly. This does not mean that Kennys, Box 872, St. Joseph's you condone what she has done, College, Rensselaer, Ind. 47978.

Do our teens condone date rape? By Antoinette Bosco Television's "A Current Affair" reported a shocker a few weeks ago. In a survey of sixth- through ninth-graders, 65 percent of boys and 47 percent of girls said it's 0 K to force sexual intercourse on a girl after six months of dating. The survey was done by the Rape Crisis Center of Providence, R.I., to explore common perceptions and sexual attitudes among young teens. Among those children, 50 percent said if a woman dresses seductively and walks alone at night she's "asking" to be raped. About 50 percent said a boy can force a girl to kiss him if he has spent money on her. The average price tag was $15. Jacqueline Jackson-Kikuchi, who conducted the survey, told TV viewers it is her impression that even among sixth-graders, kissing is expected on any date. The findings present a sobering picture of what people have wrought in late 20th-century American society. Despite 20 years of the woman's movement, women still are portrayed as subhuman objects of male sexual desire without rights or personal dignity. If the survey is correct, our children's attitudes indicate that sexual exploitation and the denigration of women are running rampanL It is no wonder considering the incessant barrage of sexual signals and explicit demonstrations in pornographic magazines as well as in films, videos and TV programs. Television is bombarding us with sexual references and messages. And researchers in a study sponsored by the Planned Parenthood Federation found a trend toward greater sexual explicitness with occasional portrayals of intercourse in network programming. "Although the performers were totally covered by a sheet, the activity was unmistakable," the report said. Then again, sexual explicitness on network television doesn't begin to compare with the repulsive pornography readily available on cable television in many parts of the United States. We've allowed society to become permeated with exploitative sexual material. While it is hardly uplifting for adults, its most harm-

ful effects are felt by children in formative years. Youths, it seems, are not learning how to discern what is good and bad about all the titillating messages they receive. They are not prepared to make value judgments. We have to be realistic about the fact that the offensive sexual barrage from the media probably isn't going to change. Where, then, will children receive any positive, healthy guidance? Our young people need a lot more training in ethics and morality. They need to be aware of

rights, responsibilities, personal dignity and the consequences of actions. If parents remain hesitant to give effective guidance and public schools are prevented by law from teaching values or morality in sexual1ty classes, only the churches are lefL The subject is touchy and complicated. Yet it is ever more compelling that churches develop programs for parents and teenagers to offer meaningful moral guidance - and replace sexually exploitative attitudes with values of love and respect.

Brothers bonding By Hilda Young "Be careful," I called out the window to my lO-and l2-year old sons this morning as they strode toward the small stand of trees at the back of our homesite. Joey, 12, carried an aging handsaw over his shoulder. He pumped it up and down once, a signal that he had heard me. Mikey imitated the gesture with his hammer. The pair have been talking tree fort since seeing "Swiss Family Robinson" last spring. Now they are consumed with the projecL They dismantled an old dog house for lumber and scrounged more scraps from a nearby construction site. They filled half a coffee can with 16-penny nails extracted from rotting boards. They talked their dad out of a roll of old roofing. Earlier in the week their father helped them build a sturdy triangular platform about six feet off the ground between three Douglas firs. "Well, you can fail off, but at least you won't fall through," he told them. "The rest is up to you." The brothers reached the as yet unnamed fort and stood under it. I could tell from arm waving and body English they were most likely negotiating who would be stationed on the platform first. Or perhaps who would hammer and who would saw. My husband says it's a lot more fun to hammer than saw after the novelty of sawing has become the hard work of sawing. Mikey tossed the hammer up

onto the floor. Joe tried the same with the saw, but it hit the underside and came back down, narrowly missing both of them. I resisted the temptation to repeat my original exhortation. With seemingly great seriousness - or maybe caution - Mike climbed the stout ladder they had created by nailing two-by-fours into one of the trees. He stepped onto the platform and strutted around with arms raised as if, now six feet off Earth, he owned the planet. Joey stood, hands on hips, unimpressed. Brothers don't impress brothers easily, or at least that's what they would have the world believe. They spent nearly all day on the platform, eating lunch there, legs dangling over the edge, spitting once in a while to confirm their height. Every now and then, I would take mental snapshots framed by the kitchen window: Boys bickering. Buddies lying on backs looking skyward through fir branches. Builder holding down one end of a board so the other could hammer. Brothers bonding. The saints tell us we don't need to look for the face of God on mountains or in monasteries, that God is present in the ordinariness of creation around us - in the faces of friends, in the laughter of our children, in the love shared by two· brothers. They're right. Send comments to Hilda Young, 25218 Meadow Way N,E., Arlington, Wash. 98123

Forth Worth to aid babies with AIDS

FATHER GUTIERREZ with the new edition of his landmark book, "A Theology of Liberation." (NC photo)

Love poor, Father Gutierrez tells Lambeth bishops CANTERBURY, England (NC) - The world's Anglican bishops were told by a Peruvian Catholic priest that they must be committed to the poor and to social justice. "Today what is the appropriate language in order to say to the suffering people, the innocent: 'God loves you?' ". Father Gustavo Gutierrez, widely regarded as the founder of liberation theology, asked the bishops. "We cannot today speak about God without reference to social justice." Father Gutierrez spoke July 20 at the Lambeth Conference, the gathering of the bishops of the Anglican Communion held approximately every 10 years. To be Christian is to enter into the world of the poor, he said, and become their friends. Love is only possible between equals, he said and "if we think we have nothing to receive from them, we are not really committed to the poor." The reason for the church's preferen~ial option for the poor is not social analysis nor human com-

passion nor even direct experience of poverty, but God, Father Gutierrez said. If Christians are not in some way close to and committed to the poor they are in danger of being far from God, he said. Christian theology is not a religious metaphysics but a reflection on a living faith, the South American theologian said. He said it is important to follow Jesus Christ, who said "go and make disciples" not "go and do theology." "Theologies of liberation are only an attempt to understand the point of connection between our affirmation of God and our behavior," he told the Anglican hierarchy. "These theologies come from very concrete context," he said. Father Gutierrez illustrated what he called the difficulty humans have in accepting God's demanding and disturbing presence by quoting from a poem by the French writer Jacques Prevert .which began: "Our Father who art in heaven, stay there."

Battle of Boyne site to become quarry DUBLIN, Ireland (NC) - Part of the 17th-century battleground where Protestant Dutch King William of Orange defeated Britain's last Catholic king, James II, will become a shale quarry. The Irish Planning Board has upheld a decision by the Meath County Council to allow Irish Cement to quarry at the site, on the Irish side of the border with British-ruled Northern Ireland. The company can begin shale quarrying next year at the Hill of Donore, which saw the last major fighting of the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. Archaeologists will be allowed to search the area before digging begins. In Northern Ireland, the victory by "King Billy" is commemorated annually by Protestant parades and bonfires. At the July 12 reenactment of the battle, members of the Royal Black Institution - a major Prot-

estant organization - expressed dismay about the quarry decision. "Planners have always been destroying historic sites, and the only person who can bring them in line seems to be Prince Charles," said James Molyeaux, an Official Unionist Member of Parliament. But he said the RBI would "not be lodging any protest." Another group member added, "We don't wimt it to happen. But I don't think Protestants in Northern Ireland have any say in the Republic." "The battle was fought and won, no matter what happens to the site," he said.

Treasury of the Church "The treasury of the Church is the infinite value, which can never be exhausted, which Christ's merits have before God." - Vatican II Constitution on the Sacre<;f Liturgy

FORTH WORTH, Texas (NC) - The Texas Department of Human Resources turned to Catholic Social Services of the diocese of Fort Worth for help when none of its 500 licensed foster families was willing to care for infants with AIDS or the AIDS virus. The social services department of Fort Worth's Bishop Joseph P. Delaney, a Fall River native, said it would do better than find homes - it would create one. Their response was "to develop a group home which would be a staffed situation where children could come and stay and have their needs met," said Catholic Social Services director Karen Spicer. AIDS damages the body's immune system and leaves tlie victim susceptible to infections and cancers. Pregnant women can transmit the AIDS virus to their unborn babies. It is also spread through sexual contact, needles shared by drug abusers and infected blood or blood products. Medical experts have said not everyone with the virus will get the disease and that children not showing signs of the disease may shed the antibodies as they grow. Ms. Spicer told the North Texas Catholic, Fort Worth diocesan newspaper, that when the state asked for help, she knew her board of directors would agree. "We have a long history of providing services to children," she said. "We got involved because it is the way we see the Gospel mandate to deal with the sick." Ms. Spicer said her office already knew of at least five small children with AIDS who were placed with relatives in "less than ideal" circumstances because their mothers were unwilling to care for them. She said the agency's board and employees will find a site to accom~ modate children from newborns to age 6 because "we feel like this is the age range of greatest need right now." Finding a staff trained and willing to work with the children may pose a problem, Ms. Spicer said, not because of fear of exposure to AIDS but of the heartbreak of becoming attached to a child who is going to die. "People get attached to foster children under normal circumstanc~s," she said. "This one could be real tough on the caretakers." When a facility is established, the Catholic agency will administer it and the state will cover the costs of housing, feeding and caring for each child. Ms. Spicer said more than 1,000 children in the United States have been diagnosed as AIDS-infectedand that health officials estimate four times that many have been misdiagnosed.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., July 29,1988




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Mission aid record seen VATICAN CITY (NC) - Vatican agencies have allocated about $120 million in missionary aid for 1988, and further allocations later in the year are expected to bring mission spending to a record level, Vatican officials said. Officials of the pontifical mission aid societies made the allocations during a recent meeting in Rome at which time they also released final contribution figures from 1987, which showed an increase of nearly $20 million over 1986. Mission funds are normally collected during one calendar year and distributed the next. U.S; Catholics gave more than $50 million in mission aid in 1987, the figures showed, an increase of about $3 million over 1986. Claudie De Cet, an official of the societies, said contributions had gone up both reckoned in dollars and An local currencies. In many places, he noted, the rate of giving has kept pace with inflation. The funds go to some 900 mission territories, where they finance local pastoral programs, new con'struction, schools, and the training of priests and religious. All funds are sent directly from donor nations to the recipient territories or dioceses. More than half the funds are earmarked for African mission territories. About one-third of the total goes to Asian missions. The Society for the Propagation of the Faith has thus far in 1988 distributed $69 million for mission projects, with another estimated $20 million in fixed contributions. When it rounds out its allocations later in the year, the society expects to have spent more than $100 miMion. Last year, society collections passed $100 million for the first time. With interest gained· during. recent months, it had $110 million at its disposal by May, according to a report at the Rome meeting. The St Peter Apostle Mission Society, which supports seminaries and seminarians in mission areas, will spend an estimated $30 million. The Holy Childhood Mission Society, which supports orphanages and provides health and nutrition services to children through age 14, is expected to allocate about $10.5 million.

Anglicans praised VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope John Paul II has praised the ecumenical efforts of Anglican bishops and has urged them not to adopt positions which could jeopardize relations with the Catholic Church. He did not name any specific issues in a recent Vatican speech to the bishops, but in the past he has cited the ordination of women to the priesthood by some Anglican churches as "an increasingly serious obstacle" to unity.

• Vatican ~;j': -. view . -

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Pope's vacation takes him to physical, spiritual heights M andela concerns him

STURDILY SHOD against the summer snow on Adamello' Mountain in the Italian Dolomites, Pope John Paul II leaves the altar after an outdoor Mass, celebrated during his brief vacation. (NCf UPI-Reuter photo)

Vatican sets guidelines for priestless Sundays VATICAN CITY (NC) - Bishops with too few priests to celebrate Masses of obligation should develop programs by which deacons or appointed lay people lead prayer services, according to a new Vatican document. Most desirable is a Liturgy of the Word followed by distribution of Communion with previously consecrated hosts, says the document from the Congregation for Divine Worship. The reality of parishes and church centers without a priest to celebrate Sunday Mass is worldwide, affecting mission areas as well as developed countries, said Msgr. Pere Tena, undersecretary· of the congregation. Msgr. Tena said the directory was prepared at the request of numerous bishops' conferences asking for guidelines in preparation of their programs. It codifies programs already in existence in many countries. . The 18-page directory gives local bishops or bishops' conferences the power to det.ermine whether in their jurisdictions the priest shortage is leaving communities without Sunday Masses for long periods of time. It is also up to the bishops to determine ifthe nearest

Sunday Masses are unreasonably distant for travel. The local bishop is also authorized to appoint and train lay people as acolytes, readers and special ministers of the Eucharist to aid the deacon or to conduct a service if no deacon is available. Under the rules, lay people may not preach but may read homilies prepared by priests. Those attending such services must be made aware that the Mass remains the primary church liturgical ceremony and that they should make every effort to attend. To avoid confusion between the prayer service and the Mass, "there can be no insertion in the celebration of that which is proper to the Mass, above all the presentation of gifts and of the eucharistic hosts," it says. The laity must also be aware that the hosts distributed were consecrated by a priest during a Mass, it adds. The Liturgy of the Word should use prayers and Bible readings from the corresponding Sunday Mass, it says. Bishops may substitute other church-approved prayer services such as vespers and have the power to modify prayer services, but changes should be kept to a minimum, the directory says.

BOLZANO, Italy (NC) - Pope John Paul II walked away from his cares - at least for a few days - in mid-July as he strolled and prayed in northern Italy's Dolomite Mountains. It was partly business, mostly vacation for the 68-year-old pope, who briefly interrupted his hiking for two days of public ceremonies in the four dioceses comprising the mountain and river valley region along the Austrian border of Italy. The pope's headquarters were at a medieval castle, about 3,000 feet above sea level, near the town of Lorenzago. There he tossed aside his traditional white robe for baggy' pants and a windbreaker and embarked on a daily schedule of six to eight hours of hiking. He carried a walking stick and brown-bagged his midday lunch. But on the weekend of July 1617 he was the itinerant preacher again. Helicoptering amongjagged, craggy peaks to scenic settings, he preached communion with God through communion with nature. "The mountains have always had a special fascination for my soul: They invite you uplifted, not only materially, but spiritually," he said at a morning Mass 10,300 feet above sea level on the snow-eovered A.damello Mountain in the western Dolomites, where he had skied four years earlier. Attending the Mass were 2,000 mountain climbers and skiers, who cleared away a patch of snow for the service. The pope noted that the altar was on the site where Italy and Austria fought in World War I. "How many times has the white snow been stained red by blood!" he said, adding that the present "peace of this mountain invites us and obliges us to construct and consolidate a society free of slavery, war and hate." The pope's public activities ended with an afternoon visit to Stava, a tiny tourist resort where 269 people died three years ago in an avalanche caused by the bursting of a dam. There he visited a cemetery where victims are buried, met their relatives and prayed before a plaque listing the names of the dead. Nelson Mandela The 70th birthday of South African activist Nelson Mandela, jailed nearly 25 years, came during the pope's vacation. In a rare interview with five Italian reporters and a correspondent for the British news service Reuters, the pontiff described Mandela as suffering "so much for the rights of his people." The pope gave the interview in the garden of a mountaintop house on the last day of his vacation. "With this suffering he offers a testimony to his people, even to the South African government, and to the entire world," Pope John Paul said of Mandela, according to Reuters. "This testimony, naturally, has a high price," he said, "which arouses appreciation from all who· are concerned about the rights of man, about problems of race." "All men are equal, regardless of their race. In this way one can see the greatness of the testimony of this [Mandela's] personality," said Pope John Paul. "These days I have thought of him in a special way."

Mandela was a leading figure in the African congress, an outlawed anti-apartheid organization, when he, with other leaders, was convicted of sabotage and sentenced to life imprisonment. Dozens of countries, including the United States, have appealed for his release. Mandela's wife, Winnie, declined the South African government's offer of a special six-hour visit with her husband on his birthday, July 18. She said she refused because relatives of other detainees were not given the same opportunity. In 'South Africa, police banned all events marking the birthday, including concerts, sporting matches and a 15-mile running race. They set up roadblocks around Polls moor Prison in Cape Town, where Mandela is held, and said only people with "valid reasons" would be allowed around the prison. A statement issued by the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference said the ban "must be seen as the continuation of the erosion of human rights in our country." The bishops said that banning birthday celebrations "raises the awful' question: What will they ban next?" For decades after its founding in 1912 by middle-class Africans, the African National Congress concentrated on political efforts to change South Africa's system of racial discrimination through political means. In 1961, Mandela and other leaders concluded that armed struggle or surrender were the only choices left to South African blac~s. In a speech that year, Mandela said the South African government was "relying exclusively on violence" in responding to black demands for civil rights. "Fifty years of nonviolence brought the African people nothing but more and more repressive legislation," he said. Africans had but two choices, Mandela said, "submit or fight." For the next nine years, ANC targets were limited to property, such as power poles and other material symbols of the state. In recent years, however, ANC attacks on military and police facilities and other targets in South African cities have resulted in casualties. Mandela was arrested in 1963 along with other leaders of Umkonto We Sizwe (Spear of the Nation), an underground group formed to carry out the sabotage campaign, as they met in Rivonia, a white suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa. Another of those arrested was Walter Sisulu. His son, Zwelakhe Sisulu, editor ofthe southern African bishops' newspaper, New Nation, has been detained without trial since Dec. 12, 1986. At their trial, Mandela and his codefendants admitted committing sabotage and preparing for a guerrilla war, but denied a decision had been made to launch such a war. L'Osservatore Romano, the Vatican newspaper, marked Mandela's birthday by declaring that his continued imprisonment hinders the peace process in his "tormented country."

Father Michel, he said, urged changes that were unheard of and that would not happen until years after he died. "Keep in mind again that this was more than 50 years ago," Archbishop Roach said. "He talked about evening Masses for pastoral reasons, about continuous readings from Scripture in the lectionary, about concelebration, about the urgent need for readable modern translations of Scripture, about the vernacular in liturgy, and about local churches developing their own theological missions." Archbishop Roach said Father Michel did not reject past formulas, but sought ways to reformulate them to fit into the contemporary world. "Virgil Michel was a man from whom we can still learn," he concluded.

Discrimination is target of bishops NEW DELHI, India (NC) The Indian bishops have launched a program to alert Christian converts from India's lower castes to their civil rights and are preparing a nationwide push, including hunger strikes, to end discriminatory laws. The anti-discrimination plan includes enlisting support of members of Parliament and state assemblies to amend a 1950 law that prohibits non-Hindu and non-Sikh low-caste Indians from receiving special benefits guaranteed under the Indian Constitution, Under the law, if members of a low caste join a religion other than Hinduism or Sikhism, they lose benefits designed to help them improve their socioeconomic status. A bishops' commission plans to stage mass hunger strikes at state capitals and district headquarters throughout the country to highlight the issue. In a letter to leaders of low castes, the head of the bishops' commission for low-case Christians, Archbishop Marianus Arokiasamy of Madurai, said the conference has been trying for 38 years to "convince the government that -the discrimination against Christians of scheduled [low] caste origin is violative of the Constitution. But the government has been avoiding the issue." Meanwhile, the New Delhibased, Jesuit-run Indian Social Institute is sponsoring a study of problems faced by low-caste people who have changed their religion in the recent past, or whose families converted in previous generations. The study follows up on a 1985 Supreme Court verdict that dismissed Christian demands to amend the 1950 law. The court said the petitioners failed to make a convincing case that converts continued to suffer the effects of the caste system with the same severity as before their conversion. The petitioners argued that the law was discriminatory because it distinguished between Christians and Hindus. Institute officials say they hope their study will collect convincing data on the reality of the problems facing low-caste ChristIans.

St. Paul-Minneapolis divests stocks ST. PAUL, Minn. (NC) - The Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis has announced divestiture of its endowment portfolio of stocks in companies engaged in business 10 South Africa. The action was taken on the recommendation of ~he a.·chdiocesan Investment Advi.sory Committee, the archdiocesan Investment Ethics Committee and the Commission on Social Justice. In accepting the recommendations, ArchbishoD John R. Roach said he recognized tha'i: divestment is arguable and that ·;:he action constituted no judgment about companies engaged in ousiness in Sonth Africa ,. :\partheid, :wweve' , .sa m();"a! "';/..: of such ::}:·,mo;.-c'o'.,.'1a~ ['ly \':I:;;'orts ~:o ;:raa'.caie :.;. mUSt ·.}e :~~lalced . " Arr.i:lhis!totl :~"ach 2aid. -he U.S Cat:1oiic .::I\lfe,·e'lCt':, ::>;.liJ 1ic !')o:,cy /.l:'"'l1 0'" ~:.)... ;.S ,m;n()~j,'. annuunceC :'j Juw. 98'/ ~ltat '.,-.vouid sell <to! <s stoe" in :~.:-ms domg busines~ , '1 Sou;h -\fnca.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., July 29, 1988

Ex-refugee heads migrant commission BEAUMONT, Texas(NC)-A former refugee has been named secretary general of the International Catholic Migration Commission. He is Andre Nguyen Van Chau, who was executive director of the Partnership for Human Development of the Beaumont diocese for more than a decade and for the past two years has been a consultant to the U.S. Catholic Conference, a member of the international commission. Van Chau and his family fled Vietnam in 1975. He helped create the Orderly Departure Program in 1977 to help Vietnamese leave their

country through legal channels. His wife, Sagrario, took overdirectorship of the Partnership of Human Development when he became a USCC consultant. The International Catholic Migration Commission works with 90 Catholic affiliates, and has programs in 76 countries. It has its headquarters in Geneva and liaison offices in Washington, Kenya and Colombia.


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Theologian honored FATHER VIRGIL MICHEL

Liturgy pioneer's legacy recalled COLLEGEVILLE, Minn. (NC) - Catholics today may better appreciate prophets of their own era if they learn about a Minnesota priest's vision of the church decades ago, Archbishop John R. Roach of St. Paul-Minneapolis said at a symposium on the "Legacy of Virgil Miche1." Archbishop Roach was keynote speaker at the symposium at St. John's University in Collegeville. He said knowing Father Michel's story "may just give us a nudge to respect the prophets of our own day," Father Virgil Michel was a Benedictine priest who was a founder of the U.S. liturgical movement, dean of St. John's, editor of Orate Fratres magazine, and a prolific writer. He died in 1938, not living to see many of his suggestions become reality both at the Second Vatican Council and in the more than 20 years since. "A lot of what Virgil Michel dreamed and wrote about has now come to pass," Archbishop Roach said. "We take for granted today many of the things that he wrote and talKed about in liturgical theory, social ,'eform, r.:duca~ional theory, incorporation of ,aity :nto the life of the church and ecumenism." Archbishop Roach said Father Michel's liturgical theory and ecclesioiogy combined with intensive iabors for peace and justice. He I~nked the ~eform of society with hturgy, calhng the Christian's participation at Mass "a sublime school of social service," the archbishop said, quoting from one of the priest's manuscripts, Archbishop Roach said Father Miche!.'s concern "was with revival, whether it was in liturgy, ;,n the church's social mission or in the renewal of Catholic education." "He saw that society, particularly the society so infected with ::he individualism of the 1920s and : 930s, had to be reformed with a spirituai vision flowing from a common life in the Spirit." J;;'or Pathe. Michr,l, ~hf; ")ali;S for :lm:;' ire;n the §')irit -,vas ~h{: Mass LAi·,eopi.e could :10: ,e ')assive

MARYKNOLL, N.Y. (NC) In honor of his 60th birthday and the 20th anniversary of liberation theology, of which he is regarded as the chief exponent, Peruvian Father Gustavo Gutierrez received tributes from around the world in a celebration at Maryknoll headquarters. His honors included a "festschrift" book, a collection of essays by distinguished international scholars.

24-hour banking,

In accordance with the spirit of our Holy Father and as a special gift to the Mother of Jesus during this Marian year, the World Apostolate of Fatima (Blue Army) is promoting the establishment of the First Saturdays of Reparation in every parish of each diocese in the United States. Confident that First Saturday groups have been meeting each month in many parishes and that even without a group, at least one individual in many parishes is making the F.irst Saturday devotions, we ask that those of you who are call the following number and let us know

(1) what parish you belong to and (2) whether you make the First Saturdays individuall,y or In a group.

World Apostolate of Fatima (Blue Army) Feliclen Brochu


Also, anyone interested in starting a First Saturday group in their parish may write to:

First Saturday Pledge


Blue Army of Our Lady of Fatima, U.S.A. Inc. Box 916, Washington, N.J. 07882



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... 14

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-.Fri., July 29,1988

By Charlie Martin


By Robert Doolittle


We all face a terrible and widespread misconception that prayer is just asking for things. And it's no wonder so many people get permanently angry at God when one of life's inevitable disappointments comes along and prayer just doesn't fix it. "God let me down," they rage, or "Prayer doesn't work," or some other complaint. Then they walk away, victims of the common mistake. We clearly need to open up to a much bigger kind of prayer. Did you ever wish God would break the silence and just speak to you? But what if God already has been speaking, and it's only a question of you listening? . That's the kind of prayer our youth group practices. It really happens. It's powerful. It makes a huge difference in their lives. Let me tell a couple of true stories. Marie, a sophomore with good grades, began to dream about going to a good college. When she confided in her mother, she .was told to put that thought right out of her head. In tears, she ran to her room and to Christ: "Is my mother right?" On the radio, "Spotlight" was being sung. Through this song, she felt Christ answered her, "Set your goal high and go far. I'll be by your side." How did she k!1OW it was Jesus talking? She knew! There was peace and renewed confidence. Paul, a junior, worried a lot about his non-Catholic mother. She's a. generous woman, but she never went to church, any church. "Where will she stand with Christ when she dies?" was how he prayed. Very shortly, he "happened across" Matthew 25: "Then the righteous will say, 'When did we ever see you?' ... and the King will answer them, 'Whatever you did to the least of these you did to



Paul later told the group, "Christ spoke to me, and took away the worry. I know now she belongs to him." Two things show up in those

stories. First, the payoff, the inner happiness, is so much greater than any mere "grant-my-wish" prayer can offer. Second, Christ is very good about keeping his promise of never-ending friendship, "I will be with you always." Paul and Marie aren't unique. Anyone can learn to hear God's voice. Four fairly basic and decisive moves are required on your part. The first two set you up in advance for the encounter with God. 'The second two carry you right into that encounter. I) The Discipleship Life Strategy: You choose "give all ] can" instead of "get all I can" as your basic approach to life. Then say, "Jesus, I can't do it without your help." By that act you line up your life with his. 2) The Faith Community: The forces against opening yourself to God are huge - both inside you and around you. You need a counterforce of love to build up your strength, so plant yourself firmly in a group of peers who want what you want and who grow by openly sharing their spiritual struggles and breakthroughs. 3) The Honest Pray-er: No pious masks with God! Pray right from the heart. Be mad, be scared, be hurt - whatever - but be you! Christ can only be as real with you as you are with him. Pray aloud. Pray in detail. Pray till you've said it all. 4) The Receptive Mode: Wait and watch! He speaks through familiar things, like music or Scripture. Or maybe through a friend or nature or a child or an event or a thought - or anything! You'll know when his word hits home. His signature is sudden . clarity and peace. To walk this close to Christ, confiding in him and listening to him, is to have a life coach. He doesn't eliminate life's daily challenges, but he'll stick with you and help you handle them confidently and well. Robert Doolittle is a youth minister at St. Agnes Church, Reading.

.CY0 golf tourn~ment results listed The annual Fall River Area CYO Golf Tournament, held earlier this month at the Fall River Country Club, has Bryan Schewitz as the new senior division champion. Schewitz shot 35-38-73 for the day, followed by Dan Daley, who had a round of 35-43-78. ]n the intermediate division, Don Wilson, who finished second last year, moved up to first place with a score of 37-37-74. Greg Rounds took second spot with a round of 38-38-76.

The junior division champion is Craig Bernat of Fall River who came in with 39-38-77 for the day while Brandon Bouchard, winner of last year's Cadet division, finished second after moving up one notch this year. He shot 42-38-80 for the tournament. Finally, in the cadet division, the youngest players, Kevin Purdy, who finished second last year, became the new champion with a score of 47-46-93. Second place went to Matt Weaver, with 4860-108.

If there's anything you need All you have to do is say You know you satisfy everything in me We shouldn't waste a single day So don't stop me falling It's destiny calling A power I just can't deny It's never changing . Can't you hear me, I'm saying I want you for the rest of my life Together forever and never to part Together forever we two And don't you know I would move heaven and earth To be together forever with you If they ever get you down There's always something I can do Because I wouldn't ever want to see you frown I'll always do what's best for you There's no mistaking It's true love we're making Something to last for all time It's never changing Can't you hear me I'm saying I want you for the rest of my life Recorded by Rick Astley. Written by Mike Stock, Matt Aitken, Peter Waterman. (c) 1987 by Terrace Music RECENTLY I RECEIVED a engaged to be married and] love letter from a New Jersey reader hearing this song because it with this suggestion: reminds me of the beautiful rela"Rick Astley's 'Together For- tionship my fiance and I have ever' would be good for your together." column. It tells a lot of good I welcome suggestions for this things about romantic relation- column and am grateful to this ships, instead of all the negative reader. I would be glad to hear elements like using drugs, suicide what others would like to see or excessive materialism. I am reviewed, perhaps along with a

What's on your mind? Q. I am caught in the middle between a fight. Two people can't get along any more and since they are both my friends, they both tell me about it. I'm stuck! How should I handle this? (New York) A. What an unfortunate situation you are in! Perhaps you have worked hard to earn the friendship of these two people, and 'understandably you want to keep their friendshi{l. 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111:

The winners and second place finishers played Monday in the . diocesan tournament at Pocasset Country Club on Cape Cod. Father Jay Maddock, area CYO director, thanked Tom Tetreault, Dan Daley and members of the Fall River Country Club for hosting the Tournament. He also expressed appreciation to Roger Dugal, this year's tournament director.

Guarantee "As] was with Moses, so ] will be with you: I will not fail you nor forsake you." - Josh. 1:5

short summary of why the par-' ticular song appeals. "Together Forever" speaks well of those strong feelings that often accompany romantic love. Couples in love are likely to find themselves on an emotional high. As they become engaged and then marry, they experience the powerful feeling of being chosen and the joy that commitment can bring. However, such intensity of feeling fluctuates. This is not necessarily bad, since real love is built on much more than feeling. And there are ways to keep romance alive. Here are a few suggestions: 1. Keep on surprising the one you love. For instance, buy or make your partner small gifts just to say, "I love you." 2. Have a "date" once a week, a special time together away from other responsibilities. Such times need not be expensive, maybe just a long walk or lunch in a nearby park. 3. Keep the fun in your relationship. When times get tough and problems occur, couples may forget how much they like 路each other. Planning fun times together helps bring this to the surface. 4. Keep God in your relationship. Go to church together and perhaps work together on a parish project. Also spend some quiet moments of prayer together. Most teens are not ready for the married romantic love that this reader describes. Yet her words help us understand how love uplifts us. However you experience love today, celebrate its presence in your life. Your comments are welcome always. Address Charlie Martin, 1218 S. Rotberwood Ave., Evansville, Ind. 47714. ship with these two people. It will be difficult for them never to mention the third person when one of them is with you.

What to do when one of them does mention the third friend? If they speak in an antagonistic way, TOM simply say something like this: "Susan, I'm remaining neutral. I'm not going to be drawn into your LENNON dispute." There is some risk that one or both of them will be irritated with you, but it seems you will have to take that risk. If you choose the But as you say, you are caught other alternative, that of taking in the middle. Maybe it seems to you that almost any course of sides, you will almost surely lose the friendship of one of them. action will get you in trouble. Another risk you might want to Perhaps not. It sounds as though consider is occasionally trying to it's time for some straight talk on your part with both of your friends .. play the role of peacemaker. At times it may seem unusually Tell them separately that you clear to you that one of your definitely wish to remain friends friends is in the wrong. If you can . with both of them but that you do not wish to take sides in their find away to point out gently in wha.t way he or she is wrong, then disputes. you might help to heal some Be very firm when you tell them wO,unds. about your decision to remain a But be careful and be aware that non-combatant. you are taking a risk in treading on This may seem like a simple, this dangerous ground. Peaceclear solution to your difficulty, makers occasionally get hurt badly. but unfortunately life is seldom simple and clear all the time. Send questions and comments Probably there will continue to to Tom Lennon, 1312 Mass. Ave. be some tensions 'in your friend- N.W., Washington, D.C. 20005. By



on youth ~

tv, movie news NOTE Please check dates and times of television and radio programs against local listings, which may differ frGrn the New York network schedules supplied to The Anchor. Symbols following film reviews indicate both general and Catholic Films Office ratings. which do not always coincide. General ratings: G-suitable for general viewing; PG-13-parental guidance strongly suggested for children under 13; PG-parental guidance suggested; R-restricted. unsuitable for children or young teens. Catholic ratings: AI-approved for children and adults; A2-approved for adults and adolescents; A3-approved for adults only; 4-separate classification (given films not morally offensive which. however. require some analysis and explanation); O-morally offensive. Catholic ratings for television movies are those of the movie house versions of the films. New Films "Bambi" (Disney) - This rerelease of Walt Disney's enchanting 1942 film conveys the simplic-

ity and excitement of Felix Salten's novel, especially through the appeal of Thumper, Flower and the others who inhabit the forest world of Bambi, the baby deer. A I, G "The Dead Pool"(Warner Bros.) - San Francisco homicide detective Dirty Harry Callahan (Clint Eastwood) is back, this time with a Chinese-American partner (Evan Kim). The target of both the mob and a psycho killer, Harry makes Swiss cheese out of his enemies but is no match for a bomb-laden miniature sports car that stalks him in a hilarious car chase up and down San Francisco's hills. Graphic murder and mayhem, blood and profanity. 0; R "The Kitchen Toto" (Cannon) - After his minister father is murdered by Mau Mau terrorists in the 1950s, 12-year-old Kiyuku boy (Edwin Mahinda) must leave his family and work in the kitchen of a British police chief (Bob Peck) in Kenya. The boy is caught between his devotion to the kind police chief and the Mau Maus who are pushing for death to whites and freedom from British rule. Once again, children are the hardest hit by political strife. Grisly

15-year-old Scout designs marker for new saint DUCHESNE, Utah (NC) - A marker dedicated to recently canonized St. Rose Philippine Duchesne stands on the site of a future county museum at Duchesne along Highway40 in eastern Utah, a region where most citizens are Mormons. Duchesne is in Duchesne County, near Duchtsne River. A nearby Indian reservation is called Fort Duchesne. Boy Scout Michael Musich, 15, designed the bronze marker honoring the saint, who was canonized July 3 by Pope John Paul. II. Musich and other area residents held their own ceremony the same day, dedicating the impressive historical marker he designed as part of a project to earn Eagle Scout honors. A local historian and some residents believe the town and river were named for St. Rose, even though the 19th-century missionary from France was never farther west than Kansas. Others believe the names honor a French trapper whose last name was spelled Duchaine: But Victory Noll Sister Lorraine Masters, director of the Salt Lake City diocesan Office of Native American Affairs, believes the locations were named after the French nun. Mother Duchesne, a


Religious of the Sacred Heart, came to the United States in 1818, establishing a girls' school in St. Charles, Mo. Many French trappers who followed the Duchesne River and explored the surrounding Uintah Valley, in what is now Utah, had lived in Missouri, Sister Masters said, noting that some of their children attended schools run by Mother Duchesne's order.

violence imolving death of parents, slaying of a child, dissection of a snake ad !>rief nudity wit:,in an affair. A3, PG 13 . "Midnight Run" (Universal) When an accountant (Charles Grodin) embezzles millions from t:1e mob to give to charity, he finds himself on the run from a mob kingpin (Dennis Farina), a bulldog FBI agent (Yaphet Kotto) and a Los Angeles bail bondsman (Joe Pantoliano). He is nabbed in New York by an ex-cop-cumbounty-hunter (Robert De Niro) who tries to return him to L.A. to collect $100,000. Growing camaraderie between the pair as they dodge cops and crooks en route West. Profanity, comic-book violence, car chases. A3, R "Phantasm II" (Universal) Teen-agers (James Le Gros and Paula Irvine) and a middle-aged cohort (Reggie Bannister) track and try to kill a ghoulish mortician (Angus Scrimm) who can't get his fill of corpses. This sequel to the original film is awful. Unending blood, ghouls, whirling silver "death balls," profanity and brief nudity in an attempt at a kinky sex scene. 0, R TV Program "The Madonna of Medjugorje," " Friday, Aug.l2, 10-11 p'.m. (PBS) - A British documentary on the reported daily appearance of Mary to six children on a Yugoslavian hillside in the summer of 1981. The apparition site later moved to the parish church, leading to the pastor's arrest and three-year prison sentence for political subversion. The program implies the government reacted less in an effort to suppress religion than in response to fears that a Croatian nationalist

Religious TV Sunday, July 31 (CBS) - "For Our Times" - Rebroaricast discusses religion, peace and disarmament in the Soviet Union in light of December's US/USSR arms control agreement. Religious Radio Sunday, July 31 (NBC) "Guideline" - William Cotto discusses role of Community League of West 194th Street in fighting drug abuse.

TV Films Friday, Aug. S, 9-11 p.m. EDT (CBS) - "Perfect"(198S) - Rolling Stone magazine reporter gets involved with aerobics instructor while researching a story on health clubs. Favorable view of promiscuity and distasteful sequence involving male stripper. 0, R Friday, Aug. 12, 8:30-11 p.m. EDT (CBS) - "Any Which Way You Can" (1980) - Auto repairman and free-lance street fighter (Clint Eastwood) finds happiness with skittish prostitute (Sondra Locke). Abundance of violence and sleazy immorality. 0, R

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Sister Mary Barbara Age: 36 Native of: Duluth, Minnesota Graduate: Bemidji State College, Bemidji, Minnesota Cum Laude: B.S., Business Education Prior Experience: Worked for Minnesota State Senate, Governor's Office and Treasurer's Office Outside Interests: Reading and politics. «

"One becomes aware oftheir vocation when they question seriously what God wants them to do with their lives. He led me here, to a life ofpeace andjoy."

DOMINICAN SISTERS OF HAWTHORNE A religious community of Catholic women with seven modern nursing facilities in six states. Our one apostolate is to nurse incurable cancer patients. This work is a practical fulfillment of our faith. The most important talent, highly prized by us, is the talent for sharing of yourself - your compassion, your cheerfulness, your faith - with those who have been made so vulnerable and dependent by this dread disease. Not all of our sisters are nurses, but as part of our apostolate, all directly help in the care of the patients. If you think you have a religious vocation and would like to know more about our work and community life. why not plan to visit with us. We would be happy to share with you a day from our lives.


till Write:



The Anchor ' Friday, July 29, 1988

"This is where God wants me, "

Father W. David Schorr, administrator of Holy Spirit Mission in Duchesne, said a local historian told him that area Native Americans believe the river was named for a holy and prayerful person. Members of the Potowatomi Indians, with whom St. Rose worked in Kansas, referred to her as "the woman who always prays." Sister Masters discounts the theory that the .name originally honored the trapper Duchaine. Her research shows that the Duchesne River was named at least three years before any trapper or explorer named Duchaine was in the area. In any case, what matters more than the origin of the name, she said, is that the spirit of love and faith which lived in St. Rose "lives on in each of us here today."

MICHAEL MUSICH stands near marker he designed to honor St. Rose Philippine Duchesne. (NC photo)

plot was involved in the Medju-· gorje events. In this atmosphere, the local bishop urged caution as to the authenticity of the apparitions a:1d with the Vatican set up a commission to examine their validity. Complicating matters is a longstanding disp'ute between the diocese and the Franciscan friars of Medjugorje, the only Catholic clergy allowed to functiol:. durir..g centuries when the area was under Moslem rule. Ironically, although neither the Vatican nor the local bishop formally recognizes the apparitions, the Yugoslav authorities are more than pleased to welcome pilgrims who bring revenue to the state's coffers. How the endless stream of visitors has affected Medjugorje's quality of life is explored in a treatment including interviews with the children, the Franciscans, the bishop, Yugoslav officials, townspeople and pilgrims. This, is a complete and sincere effort to report on this contemporary religious phenomenon.

Sr. Anne Marie DOMINICAN SISTERS OF HAWTHORNE Rosary Hill Home 600 Linda Avenue Hawthorne, New York 10532 or call: (914) 769-4794

Please send me more information about your Congregation. ANCH/7/29 Name



Address City





THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., July 29,1988

Iteering pOintl PUBLICITY CHAIRMEN are asked to submit news Items for this column to The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722. Name of city or town should be Included, as well as full dates of all activIlles. Please send news of future rather than past events. Note: We do not normally carry news of fundraislng activities. We are happy to carry nollces of spiritual programs, club meellngs, youth projects and similar nonprofit acllvltles. Fundralslng projects may be advertised at our regular rates, obtainable from The Anchor business oftice, telephone 675-7151. On Steering Points Items FR Indicates Fall River, NB Indicates New Bedford.

CATHEDRAL CAMP, E. FREETOWN St. Louis de France parish, Swansea, picnic noon to 6 p.m. Sunday. ST. ANTHONY OF THE DESERT FR Exposition of Blessed Sacrament noon to 6 p.m. Aug. 7, St. Sharbel Chapel; holy hour 5 p.m. ST. ANNE'S HOSPITAL, FR Blood drive 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Thursday, cardiac rehabilitation room in Clemence Hall; all welcome; reservations necessary: 674-5741, ext. 2483. HEALING SERVICE Healing service with Mass 2 p.m. Aug. 7; St. George Church, Westport; doors open 12:30 p.m.; wheelchair accessible; all welcome; information: Lucille L.Pimentel, 9925402. S8. PETER AND PAUL, FR Father John Vargas ofthe Philippines' Virac diocese will speak at Aug. 6 and 7 Masses. SEPARATED AND DIVORCED, ATTLEBORO Attleboro area support group for separated and divorced Catholics . meeting 7 p.m. second and fourth Sundays, St. Mary's parish center, N. Attleboro; information: Jack Cotter, 699-8078.

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HOLY NAME, FR Womt:n's Guild fall supper Oct. 15; Christmas meeting Nov. 6; both in school hall. BLESSED SACRAMENT, FR Weekday Masses offered in convent chapel. ST. LOUIS de FRANCE, SWANSEA Leo A. Phenix is congratulated upon receiving Cub Scouting's Parvuli Dei award. Parish picnic Aug. 28 follows II a.m. family Mass.

IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, TAUNTON St. Jude novena 7 p.m. Mondays. Altar boys' outing 1:30 p.m. Aug. I. Outing for boys and girls grades three through six Aug. 15; sign-up sheets on bulletin board. ST. ANTHONY, MATTAPOISETT Father Barry W. Wall will be installed as pastor by Msgr. John J. Oliveira, YE, at 7 p.m. Mass Aug. 15; alI welcome; refreshments follow. ST. JULIE, N. DARTMOUTH Prayer meeting 7:30 p.m. Mondays, parish hall. O.L. MT. CARMEL, SEEKONK Renew core group meeting 7:30 p.m. Aug. 8 parish center; small group leaders welcome. ST. JOHN EVANGELIST, POCASSET Religious education coordinator Bette Songer available to catechists for teaCher-training sessions; 5635536 for appointment. ST. MARY, SEEKONK Adventure youth group (high school) membership meeting 7 p.m. Aug. II; Mt. Washington climb and sleepover Aug. 6 and 7. Youth ministry planning committee meeting 7 p.m. Monday; "overnight happening" (grades four through seven) Aug. 8/9. Softball for All 6 p.m. Sunday, North School field. Blood drive 5:30 p.m. Aug. II.

LaSALETTE SHRINE, ATTLEBORO Concert by the Hubert Chorale, singers of secular and sacred music, 2 p.m. Aug. 7. garden; Benediction closes program. Healing service 2 p.m. Sunday led by Father Albert Fredette, MS, includes Benediction and talk by nurse and author Barbara Shlemon; music ministry by Father Andre Patenaude, MS; information: 222-5410. All welcome to both rain-or-shine events. Bringing lawn chairs suggested. VERA MEYER of Cam-~ ST. JOSEPH, FAIRHAVEN Legion of Mary 7:30 p.m. Tuesbridge will provide music at a 6:30 p.m. outdoor Mass to- days, rectory. Legion picnic 12:30 p.m. Aug. 7, rectory grounds; bring morrow at LaSalette Shrine, lunch and chair; includes outdoor Attleboro and play the rare rosary and Benediction in church. glass harmonica at a follow- Adult education sessions, 7:30 to 9 p.m. Tuesdays beginning in fall; reging rain-or-shine garden con- istration: 9 to II :30 a.m. Aug. 6, school hall. cert; all welcome.

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O.L. ASSUMPTION, OSTERVILLE First Friday Mass 8 a.m. Aug. 5 follows confessions. ST. STANISLAUS, FR . Bishop Daniel A. Cronin will be principal celebrant and homilist at the parish's 90th jubilee Mass 10:30 a.m. Oct. 16. Six young parishioners wi!! attend a Christian Leadership Institute later this summer at Cathedral Camp, E. Freetown. Youth Ministry beach party tonight; Rocky Point outing Aug. 19; reservations: rectory, 672-0423.

CHRIST THE KING, COTUIT/MASHPEE Choir rehearsals resume in September; those interested in becoming new members may call music d;rector Brian Gilbert, 428-1680. Nonperishable food items for area needy may be left at Queen of All Saints Chapel and the parish tent. Family Commission meeting 7:30 p.m. first Thursdays, CCD Center. NOTRE DAME, FR Altar servers' outing to Westport waterslides Aug. 5; information: Father Marc Tremblay, 679-1991.

Migrant farmworkers allegedly enslaved SOUTH ORANGE, N.J. (NC) - Two migrants in the Southwest cited growing abuse of migrant farm workers by unscrupulous employers, including incidents of alleged "migrant slavery." Reyes Ruiz, president of the National Migrant Farmworkers Network who works for the Diocese of Phoenix, Ariz., said that since passage of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act he has personally encountered two cases of people reporting migrant slavery. Ruiz and Apolonio Montejano, who works with migrants in the Diocese of Las Curces, N.M., were interviewed by National Catholic News Service in June during a recent National Migration Conference in South Orange sponsored by the U.S. Catholic Conference's division of Migration and Refugee Services, The alleged incidents of migrant slavery discovered by Ruiz involved "people who weren't allowed to . leave the ranch where they worked," he said. "They had originalfy been picked up [by employers] in the city. The employers worked them two months for which they received a total of$8;' said Ruiz, 55, a former migrant worker himself. He said that when he met the migrants, both in the country illegally, they were in a hospital. "They wound up there after they took to the desert to escape the ranch without the means to survive;' said Ruiz. He said such victims have no recourse but to turn in their employ- . ers to federal officials, a step seldom taken since migrants fear deportation. Incidents of alleged slavery, Ruiz said, "happen most often in isolated rural areas where no one would be able to guess it's going on."

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"With the new law, [such abuse] is going to happen a lot more," he said. The 1986 immigration law allowed aliens who entered the United States illegally and could prove they had worked on a U.S. farm at least 90 days in the 12 months ending last May I Of 90 days in each of the last three years to apply for legal status. It also permitted levying civil and criminal penalties on employers who hire illegal aliens. As a result of the sanctions, some immigration specialists say undocumented workers will face more abuse from employers who are willing to take the risk of hiring them. Montejano is familiar with cases of "migrant slavery" in Arizona, Texas and New Mexico. "Migrants are not permitted to leave the ranch. The employers fear if they go outside the ranch they may find better employment or get resources to educate and inform themselves," he said. Montejano said migrant farmworkers' living conditions are bad. "Let's put it this way. According to Census Bureau statistics, nationwide the migrant farmworkers'life expectancy is 49," he said. Ruiz said he has numerous reports of employers who let migrants go after working them for three or four days. "They drop them off and say they'll pay them later - but they never do." Homeowners who need yard work 510ne are among employers committing this type of abuse, he said. Employers have 72 hours to file federal work authorization forms on their employees and cannot be penalized for hiring aliens if they dismiss them within that period of time. Nevertheless, Ruiz said, despite the employer sanctions more migrant workers are crossing into the United States than ever before. "It scares me," he said. "Before they could support themselves. Now with so many coming and with employer sanctions, a lot of them are not eating." He called on the U.S. bishops to speak out against injustices facing migrants. "If they don't speak out, how can they expect parishioners to?" he asked. ONLY FULL·L1NE RELIGIOUS GIFT STORE ON THE CAPE • OPEN MON-SAT: 9-5:30 SUMMER SCHEDULE OPEN 7 DA ~-

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MAKINGMEMORIESatCathedralandOurLadyoftheLakecamps,EastFreetown, areyoungstersattendingMasscelebratedbyFatherGeorgeE.Harrison,campdirector,an...


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