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The ANCHOR An Anchor 01 the Sou'~ Sure and Firm-St. Paul

Fall River, Mass., Thursday, July 20,' 1972 Vol • 16,No 29 © 1972 The Anchor PRICE 10¢ . $4.00 p., yeti,

Tax Credits Gain Court Approval ST. PAUL (NC)-Minnesota's landmark program of income tax credits for the parents of nonpublic school children was ruled constitutional in a sta,te court here. The law was called the first of its kind when it was praised last year, and the ruling July 6 was believed to be the first court ruling on the tax credit form of nonpublic school aid. In a 37-page opinion Ramsey County District Judge J. Jerome Plunkett ruled that the law violates ,neither the United States nor the Minnesota constitution. Opponents of the law had argued that it was unconstitutional because it provides state aid to Church-related schools. In rejecting that argument .Judge Plunkett said, "it appears that the schools received nothing . ... the only real gainers were the parents." The law, he said, "did not directly help the schools

but did help parents with tuition costs, which was the purpose of the law." Under the law, the parents of nonpublic school pupils may deduct tuition costs-up to $140 per high school student and $100 per elementary. school child from their final state income tax bills. . Similar measures have been passed or are pending in other states and more than 50 tax credits bills have been introduced in Congress this year. The Nixon administration has also endorsed the concept of tax credits. The new form of school aid gained popularity after the U. S. Supreme Court ruled last year that most direct forms of aid to Turn to Page Two !,

Vatican InstructionPenance, Eucharist rwo documents have been recently issued by the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith with the approval of Pope Paul VI. One. reaffirms that "individual and integral confession and absolution remain the only ordinary way for the faithful to be reconciled to God and the Church." This is apparently aimed at curbing the practice under which some priests have been granting absolution for grave sins in a community rite instead of in individual confession.. The other document concerns the reception of Holy Communion and says that ordinarily Communion may be received only by Catholics. The exceptions are two: that Orthodox may receive Holy Communion and the unusual case of the nonCatholic whose belief in the Eucharist conforms to Catholic teaching, who has serious need of "eucharistic sustenance," is unable to join with members of his own religious community and spontaneously asks for the' sacrament.

The document on sacramental absolution expressed "reprobatiop" at a growing tendency to take the sacrament of penance out of the secrecy of the confessional and transform it into a collective experience. It recognizes the value of a community rite of preparation for penance but advises that this, must not be confused with sacramental confession and a,?solution. . The instruction recalls that Catholics are obliged to confess serious sins at least once a year and it reminds priests of the "noble ministry" of dispensing the sacrament of penance to individuals and urges them to make themselves available "whenever a reasonable request is made," even if absolution from only minor sins is sought. The guidelines caution against reserving individual confession for serious sins only since this "would deprive the faithful of the great benefit of confession and would injure those who approach the sacrament singly." This general absolution must be administered outside of Mass

Bishop Cronin Bishop Cronin has completed the first portion of his meetings with the Portuguese Episcopal Migration Commission in Angra do Heroismo, Terceira and is now completing the discussions on pastoral care of Portuguese migrating to the United States at sessions in San Miguel; Azores.

In

Portugal

In addition. to the formal discussions concerning the pastoral care of the immigrants, the Ordinary of the Diocese of Fall Other Photos on Pages 2' and 5 River is visiting the towns and villages of the area and meeting many people with connections

Assembly Favors California Tax Credit Bill SACRAMENTO (NC) - The California state assembly has approved by a wide margin a tax credit bill benefiting parents of nonpublic school children. Several states have enacted tax credit legislation-considered by many constitutional experts the most viable aid form remaining since the U. S. Supreme Court banned direct aid to nonpublic schools in a landmark decision last year. The aid form passed its first court test July 6, when a Minnesota district court ruled that state's tax credit program constitutional. More than 50 federal tax credit proposals are currently under consideration in the U. S. Congress. The California plan-approved , by a 41-17 vote-would allow parents to subtract from their final state income tax liability up to $125 per child, depending on the family in.come. To qualify for the credit, parents must have paid an equivalent amount in tuition at a nonpublic school.

so that the two sacraments are kept separate. The .document extends, primarily to priests in missionary lands, a wartime privilege of giving absolution to a large group of persons when it would be impossible to hear individual confessions. This privilege of giving what is known as general absolution is an extension of a permission granted to priests by Pope Pius XII in 1944 empowering them to forgive groups of soldiers going into battle or groups of civilians in danger of being killed. The' new norms, issued by the Doctrinal Congregation and presented at a news conference July 13, make clear that the "ordinary way" penitents are forgiven their sins is still by confessing them to a priest and receiving absolution from him. The new norms continue the conditions laid down by Pope Pius XII before general absolution is to be granted: Circumstances do not allow for individual confessions. Penitents are contrite and Turn to Page Two

with the Fall River Diocese and places closely associated with Portuguese who now reside within the boundaries of the diocese. As Bishop Cronin landed at Lages Air Base, Terceira, Azores on last Wednesday morning, he and his traveling companions, Very Rev. Luiz G. Mendonca,VG, pastor of St. John of God Parish, Somerset and Rev. John J. Oliveira, chaplain at' Coyle-Cassidy H.igh School and assistant pastor, at St. Anthony of Padua Parish, Taunton, were welcomed by an official greeting party headed by Tum to Page Five

Praises Church's Social Work

HAPPY LANDING: Carlos Nunes, second right, vice-consul at the Portuguese. Consulate in Boston, wishes Bishop Cronin CIa smooth flight" as the Ordinary of the diocese leaves Logan Airport, Boston to attend meetings of the Portuguese Episcopal Migration Commission in Angra and San Miguel and visit continental Portugal. The Bishop's traveling companions are, Very Rev. Luiz G. Mendonca, V.G., left, pastor of St. John of, God, Somerset and Rev. John J. Oliveira, right, chaplain at Coyle-Cassidy High and assistant at 51. Anthony's, Taunton.

SAN SALVADOR (NC)-Col. Arturo Armando Molina, newly elected president of this small Central American nation, has praised the Church's social work. "I want to express my profound admiration for the Catholic Church," the 44-year-old president told an estimate4 20,000 people at his inauguration. President Molina singled out for special praise "the Church's work in the social field, on behalf of those most in need." He said the Church's social aims are the same as those of his administration - "the development of . the individual person as a human being." He noted that serious problems confront the nation. "It would be a mistake to' try to hide this fact," he said. In overcoming them, he appealed to the Salvadoran people to have faith in democracy as "a viable instrument for transformation, and a means of achieving the improvement of the majority of the people, without sacrificing the diginity of man."


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

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Vatican '1 nstruction absolution. ContinJd from Page One But apparently, in some places, 'agree to corlfess any serious sins at their ndt private confession. penitents or 'priests were omitPenitents I must not wait for ting the individual confessions. an occasiol1 for general absolu-· It is also possible that some penition if theyi have an earlier op- tents mistakenly thought the portunity tO~1confess individually. general absolution at the conclusion of the penitential service 'Erro eous Theories' Without specifying any par- replaced individual confession. ,Cites Abuses ticularcou try, the Doctrinal Salesian,· Father Vincenzo Congregatiol said that "numbers of biShoPs"j were disturbed by Miano, a consultor to the Doc"erroneous jtheories" and "the trinal Congregation, in introducgrowing te~dency and practice; , ing the new norms t6 the press, certainly an abuse, of granting specified' that the pentitential general abs41ution to' people who se'rvice is not under fire, only have only made a general con- the abuses that have crept in. , "The celebration of the penifession" as Ia group. Stating that ,individual con- tential service is highly recomfession is still mandatory under mended," Father Miano said. normal cir~bstances, the con- "Si'lce penitents feel they have not only offendea God by their gregation said: "This imqlies a condemnation sins but the Church and the of the pra9ticc which recently community, 'it is praiseworthy has appear~d here and there for them to acknowledge their which pret\!nds to satisfy the guilt as .a group. "However, this' liturgical acprecept of cpnfessing mortal sins to gain absolution by a more tion must never be confused general corlfession, or through with sacramental absolution." The permission for missionary what 1s call1~d a community celpriests to, grant general forgiveebration of Penance," of sins, ,Father Miano Penitenti~1 services, popular in _ness someplaces in the United States stressed, was to allow the faithl and Western Europe, usually in- ful the grace of the sacraments, volve the Justomary individual when, through no fault of theirs, confession ~nd absolution, fol- ordinary . confession is imposlowed by d concluding general sible.

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COURTESY CALL ON BISHOP OF ANGRA: Bishop Cronin visits the episcopal residence in Angra and chats with Most Rev. Manuel Affonso Carvalho, Ordinary of the Diocese 'of Angra, Terceira, Azores and host bishop of the Portuguese Episcopal Migration Commission meetings.

. Minnesota Court Approves "Tax Credits Plan

Continued from Page One nonpublic schools were unconstitutional. Tax credits has not been tested before the high court. Oppo-' nerits 'Of the Minnesota la\.'V-the Minnesota Civil Liberties Union, I~ Aniericans United for Separation of Church and S.tate, and a coalition of public education groups-' arch Athenagoras as a priestly said they would appeal theruland majestic figure of inner dig- ing here. nity whose conversation was, Judge Plunkett refused to grant an" injunction; which both serious and simple. Pope Pa,ul delegated four high- , would have stopped implementaranking prelates to represent the 'tion of the law while legal apVatican at the patriarch's funeral peals continue. ' in Istanbul July 11. . Blaine Amendment

Pope P.Qul Says Thirst for Unity Herita1ge of Patria rch Athenagoras VATICA~

CITY (NC) - A thirst for Christian unity is the heritage P~triarch Athenagoras left. us, and! now that un~uIfi~led deSIre becores our ob~lgatlO?, Pope Paul VI told thol'sands 10 St. Peter's Square., Ecumenic~1 Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople died in Istanbul July 7 I at the age. 9f 86. "The pat~iarch's supreme and only wish," ,the Pope said, "was to be able to drink from the same chalice with us, that is, to celebrate together the Eucharistic sacrificef the synthesis and crown of oar common ecclesial identificatiob with Christ.

'Heavy Wrong'

.The judge ruled -that the law , During his visit to the Vatican does not violate the U. S. Conin October 1967, the patriarch stitution's First Amendment recalled the diocese of Rome "the strictions against the establishfirst for honor and 'order in the ment of religion. -The judge said organism of the Christian the state constitution's "Blaine ~mendment" could not be conchurches." ' Standing with Pope' Paul in, strued .to establish tighter reSt. Peter's Basilica at that time, strictions, without itself violatthe patriarch spoke of the ing First Amendment safeguards governing the free exercise of "Indeed, ~e desired this so "heavy wrong" of the division religion. within Christianity. very much," The Blaine Amendment, which "In this extraordinary holy The Pope characterized Patrimoment," the patriarch contin-' prohibits use of -secular funds for ued, "we hear the cry of the institutions in which the tenets blood of the Apostles Peter and the voice of the Church of Necrology I • . Paul, the catacombs and of the marI . JULY 23 tyrs of the: Colosseum inviting us The general meeting. of the Rev. Patrick F. Doyle, 1893, to expaust every means to . Fall River Ifarticular Council of. Founder, 55. Peter & Paul, Fall achieve, the holy work underthe St. Vingent de Paul Society taken, -that of a perfect conjoin- River. will be held ~t 3 on Sunday aftering of Christ's divided Church." Rev. George B. McNamee, noon, July 23 at the St. Vincent In his memorial, Cardinal WiI1938,Pastor, Holy Name, Fall de Paul Cafup, Adamsville Rd., said that Christian unity River. Westport. I . lebrands was the hope of the patriarch's JULY 25 . . Members are urged to attend life, "especially the restablished this meeting and bring theirfam- unity between the Orthodox and, Rev. Michael J. Cooke, 1913, Hies to enjoy the facilities of .the Catholic Churches.," Pastor, St. Patrick, Fall River. I camp.

Genera I· Meeting Of V·Incentlans'

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A Day of ~rayer for the beatification and ultimate canonization of FredJrick Ozanam will be discussed a~ a meeting in the near future. IA tentative date for this event has been listed as

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ANCHOR

Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River. Mass. Published! every Thursday at 410· Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02722 by the Catholic p,ress of the Diocese of- Fall River. Subscription price by mail, postpaid $,4.00 per Ye~r.

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of any religion are taught, has been considere1 a stiffer requirement than -the First Amendment of the U. S. Constitution. Judge Plunkett acknowledged that Catholic and other private schools teach religion, but said plaintiffs "failed to show what percentage or how mueh time is so involved," The judge said "no contacts or involvement have been shown to exist between the state and' the non-public schools that did' \

Lower Retirement Age for Bishops LONDON (NC)-The General Synod of the Church of England voted overwhelmingly in favor of lowering the retirement age of bishops and most clergy to 70. The ~ynod rejected attempts to keep the retirement age at 75. The action apparently means that Anglican Archbishop Michael Ramsey of Canterbury, primate of the Church, will be required to resign in two years. He is now 68. Bishops of the Catholic Church are asked to submit their resignations by their 75th birthday, but there is no mandatory retirement age.

not exist in administering the income tax laws prior to Chapter 944. If entaglement is involved it was not proved by the plaintiffs."

Managing Editor Leaves Ne News WASHINGTON (NC)-Bennet Bolton is resigning as managing editor of NC News Service after two and a half years. He plans to return to the daily media. , Bolton, 40, spent 11 years with the Associated Press before com· ing to NC News in 1970. He was based in Rome for six years as the AI? Vatican correspondent and handled general assignments as well in Italy, Greece and Yugoslavia. He covered the 19621965 Vatican Council, the last y~ars of Pope John XXIII and the early years of Pope Paul's reign.

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Appeals Court Upholds State Abortion . Law

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ALBANY (NC)-In upholding New York's liberal abortion law, the Court of Appeals, the state's highest court, ruled that the New York ConstItution does not determine whether the unborn have legal rights. The 5-,8 decision against the petition of Fordham University law professor. Robert Byrn sets the stage for a hearing in the U. S. Supreme Court. Even before the case was tried in Albany, Byrn's lawyers made it clear that whether the abortion law was affirmed or struck down a clarifying appeal would be made to the U. S. Supreme Court. The case will now be brought to the nine justices of Supreme .court who this year postponed for rehearing challenges to abortion statutes in other states. Those cases involved the determination of whether a woman has an inalienable right to have an abortion if she wishes. The New York State abortion law, the nation's least restrictive, permits abortion for any reason during the first 24 weeks of pregnancy. Rights of Unborn The majority opinion of the Court of Appeals leaned heavily on the position that it was up to the legislature to determine whether unborn children had legal rights as persons under the state law. "The (state) constitution does not confer or require legal personality for the unborn," said Associate Justice Charles Brietel in issuing the majority opinion. The majority opinion said the legislature could confer, or not confer rights, including the right to life, depending upon the legislature's own will. "There are, then, real issues in this litigation, but they are not legal or justifiable. They are issues outside the law unless the legislature should provide otherwise." Submitting minority opinions were Associate Judges Ardien Burke and John Sdleppi. Judge Burke called for an end to such abortion laws, citing the recent decision of the U: S. Supreme Court which found capital punishment "immoral and therefore unconstitutional" because it involved the "taking of a life." He said it is "irrational" legistion, such as the abortion law, which permits the taking of a life for "purposes of comfort, convenience, property or peace of mind." He also said he found proabortion arguments filled with "concocted distinctions" as to "what living human beings are persons and what living human beings are not persons."

Stresses Church's Obligation to Needy STEVENS POINT (NC)-Auxiliary Bishop Thomas Gumbleton of Detroit urged Franciscan Sisters here to fulfill "the Church's obligation to he one with the poor." Addressing a Sisters' meeting here in Wisconsin, Bishop Gumbleton r'eminded them that the Church has slipped aw~y from the underprivileged. For proof one needs only to look where the best schools, hospitals, and parishes are located, he said.

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THE ANCHORThurs., July 20, 1972

Appeal to Dutch On Drug Problem

DEVELOPMENT GRANTS: Among the, 18 grants from last fall's collection in the nationwide war on poverty were distributed by Bishop Cronin, left, to Rev. Thomas E. O'Dea of St. Lawrence's, for the Social Concerns Program in New Bedford; Rev. James E. Murphy of St. Mary's, Taunton for the Spanish Apostolate; and Rev. Luciano J. de M. Pereira of St. Michael's for the Portuguese Youth Cultural Organization.

$31 Million School Aid Packa·ge Approved HARRISBURG (NC) - The Pennsylvania Senate has unanimously passed and sent to Gov. Milton Shapp a $31 million package to aid students in the state's nonpublic schools. The action marks the Pennsylvania legislature's third attempt in recent years to provide aid to nonpublic schools. The first, a purchase <?f services plan, was ruled unconstitutional by the U. S. Supreme Court. A parent reimbursement plan is being challenged in the courts. The new plan, approved by a 49-0 vote in the upper house

provides would:

that

public

schools

Lend textbooks and provide instructional material to nonpublic school children. Make available auxiliary services like guidance, and remedial and therapeutic programs with a state reimbursement of up to $30 per student. Another bill which would have provided free bus transportation to nonpublic school children was held up in a subcommittee. Howard Fetterhoff, executive director of the Pennsylvania Catholic Conference. said many legislators felt that the bill as written would be too costly. The transportation question will probably come up again in September. Early in June the State House of Representatives passed an aid package which included busing. The estimated cost of the House bills was $46 million. 'Constitutional Way' However, Fetterhoff said, some senators felt the $15 million allotted to finance busing would fall far short of actual costs. The PCC administrator said Gov. Shapp was in favor of the aid package and could be expeCted to sign the bills iI}' the near future.

Commenting on the uanimous vote, Fetterhoff said: "The vote shows that the Senate is committed to helping the nonpublic schools of the state survive. The senators obviously feel this is a constitutional way to offer assistance." The constitutionality of a 1971

Pennsylvania educational reimbursement law is being challenged before a three-judge federal court panel in Philadelphia. Although the judges issued an opinion last April which cast doubts on the law's constitutionality, arguments in the case are continuing.

STOCKHOLM (NC) - Swedish church leaders, including the vicar general of the Catholic dio- " cese of Stockholm, have sent an open letter to Dutch church members to 'ask them to help stop the illegal flow of drugs from the Netherlands to Sweden. "Misuse of drugs has become a problem even in our country," the letter said, adding that Swed- ish authorities believe that much of the drug traffic travels through the Netherlands to Sweden. "Swedish policemen as well as Swedish politicians have, by visiting your country tried to establish an effective cooperation with regard to legislation and other measures," the letter continued. "These Swedish representatives, however, do not think they have found enough understanding of our problems in the Netherlands. "We are sure that this appar· ently passive attitude toward the drug problem cannot be shared by Christian leaders in the Netherlands. "Therefore we appeal to the Dutch churches for support and assistance in order to coordinate on a broad front all effective means in the struggle against the large-scale production and sale of drugs." The letter concluded with an appeal to the Dutch people not to hold back from "joint efforts that would save tens of thousands of young people and relieve the anguish of their relatives."

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AlcHOR-DiOCe~e Pulpit No Political Ros,!trum . Fo', ,Preacher's, Judgm~nts . THE

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of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

The Pa:rish Parade

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Publicity ganizations news items Anchor, P.

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Ill~U~l~f:~Brcimmttfcrill By

MSGR. GEORGE G. HIGGINS

,,'provide a forum for discussion after Mass or on another con· venient occasioJ so that persons with differing !viewPoints may freely exchange thoughts and understand the I reasons behind each other's conclusions." The gUideline~ say that while priests should Jreach the social doctrine of the:· Church clearly and forcefully, they must nQt use the pulpit "to argue personal judgments on partisan politics." It will be in;teresting to see how these new Iguidelines work out in practice over a period of time. Theoretic~lly they seem I to make very good sense-but the proof of thCj pudding will be in the eating. ' The problem he Oakland Sen· ate of Priests was wrestling ~ith - namely, how to preach Christian sociD1 principles from the pulpit witHout seeming to impose particula~ applications of these principles Iupon. a captive audience - is One that every clergyman is fafuiliar with from I' say his own exp~rience. I "every" clergymiln, for it would be a mistake to think that this is a peculiarly or ~xclusivelyCath. . olic dilem~a. j ,

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Special Meaning of Pulpit Lutheran mini~ters, for examI • pIe, are faced wi~h it all the time, as witness the findings of are· . cent .sociological survey of Lutheran attitudes and beliefs entitled "A Study of 'Generations" (Augsberg Publishing' House, Minneapolis, $12.50). The authors of this s~rvey - perhaps the most impres~ive sociological study ever made. of a particular religious denom~nation in the United States~~sked their sampling of 5,000 I respondents a whole series cf questions concerning the role 9f Lutheran pastors in the field of social action. Their findin'gs ~re summarized as follows: "Se~en· out of 10 Lutherans ac~eptl their pastor ~s .a citizen. Thev ~o not want to make him a p~lidical eunuch. He can support can~idates and take stands. However Iif he tries this from the, pulpit, he is in trouble . I with seven out 10 Lutherans. Apparently the pulpit has special meaning for most Lutherans. ,It is not viewed ks a political or social rostrum fo~ preachers;" I The authors of the Lutheran surv~y' also repoh, .in summar-

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in favor of social involvement, but "please leave room for the man of free conscience to exercise his compassion as his conscience guides him." Reasonable Position This strikes me as being a reasonable position and one that clergymen-again, clergymen of all faiths-are duty bound to respect. The reason for this -is clearly stated by sociologist Peter Berger (also a Lutheran, as it happens) in a book entitled "The Noise of Solemn Assemblies: Christian Commitment and the Religious Establishment in Amerca" (Doubleday, New York, $2.45). Professor Berger, who argues very strongly for greater Christian involvement or engagement in the polit:cal and social order, says that ther:! are four major possibilities of such engagement. (I) Christian diaconate-the , helping outreach of the Christian community to individ'u'als in distress. (2) Christian action-any attempt to deal not only with individuals but also to try to modify the social structure itself.. (3) Christian presence - the erection of Christian signs (poverty, for example) in the world. (4) Christian dialogue-the attempt to engage, the Christian' faith in conversation with the. world. Professor Berger argues that the last of these four types of Christian social involvement namely Christian dialogue"offers cine of the best possibilities for social engagement and relevance in our own situation." Dialogue, in other words, is aptly suited to a complex situation in which "most of our social problems are so immensely complex th,at it is very difficult to' locate evils in the first place, let alone to identify villains. . Complexity of Problems "Our social problems," Professor Berger points out, "today typically consist of the clash of highly organized interests with well-meaning individuals caught on both sides in the logic and' sometimes the ideology of their respective positions .... In many such instances, the classical approaches of 'social action' fail even to get 'Off the ground. One may not eve,n know where one's action could begin. For example, most situations of industrial conflict in America today 'are far' too' complex' for these old approaches. They involve highly complicated eC"lnomic and political relationships, which it is very difficult to separate in terms of what is morally desirable or undesirable." Making all the necesssary distinctions, I would say that the same thing holds true of almost all of today's social and political problems, including, if you will, the war in Vietnam. They involve highly complicated factors

ST. MICHAEL, OCEAN GROVE

The Youth Block Dance committee of Carol Rousseau, Kevin Fennelli and Kenneth Banville ST. PATRICK, has met with the adult advisors SOMERSET and set Friday, July 28 for 'their The parish conference of the block dance in commemoration St. Vincent ,de' Paul Society will of the' young people's sharing in sponsor a mu!':ical, "Somerset the golden jubilee of the parish. Summer Folk Festival" on Sun.The affair will be held from day, July, 23, in the Somerset 8 to II and donations will be High School Auditorium starting made at the door. Music will be I1t 7:30 in the evening. .furnished by the "Stone Horse" Featuring folk music for all group. age groups, the Rev. Andre PateAll proceeds will be used tonaude, a La Salette priest who ward perpetuating activities of is a folk singer and composer, the Young People Group. will lead this first Somerset Summer Folk Festival.' ST. PATRICK, . Father Patenaude recently cut the record album, "Amazing FALL RIVER Day," and led the Second Annual Bingo is played at 7 every Hillside Folk Festival at the La Thursday night in the school hall Salette Shrine, Enfield. on Slade St. Doors open at 6 , Tickets are $1.50 and may be and there is ample parking obtained at the high school audi- space available torium or by calling Rene Lepage at 676-8098, chairman of activi- OUR LADY OF THE ANGELS, ties. FALL RIVER Among the other gro'ups schedMost Rev. Candida Rada from uled to perform are: "We the People" from Fairhaven; Olson Ecuador will speak at all the Family Folk Singers from Fox- Masses on the weekend of Aug. boro; "The Three Js" from Med- 26 and 27 as a representative of way; The St. Mary's Group from the Propagation of the Faith Dartrpouth; Roxanne John from Office for the Diocesan Missionary Cooperation Plan. Attleboro., The feast of the parish will Also, The Lord Singers and Arm Trimble, Providence; "The be celebrated on Aug. 10 through 'Ourselves," New Bedford; St. the 13th. The procession will start at 1 Patrick's Folk Group, Somerset; Father Bourgeois, and the Dennis o'clock on Sunday, Aug. 13 and proceed from the parish hall Davis Duet. along Tuttle St., Dwelly, Kilburn, ST. ANTHONY, Slade, So. Main, King Philip, MAlTAPOISElT Tripp, Dwelly, Tuttle and finish A Las Vegas Night for the at the parish hall. benefit of the new church, now under construction, will be held ST. JOSEPH, at 8 o'clock on Saturday night, ATTLEBORO July 22 at the Knights of Columbus Hall, Route 6, Mattapoisett. Knights of the Altar will atAll types of games as played tend a circus in Mansfield on in the Nevada Recreational cen- Sunday night as the guests of an ter will be available at the bene- anonymous parishioner. fit. The Summer Lawn Festival Among the auction items are a will be held on the weekend of television set, radios, custom July 29 and 30. made furniture and other desirAmong the awards are a able articles. $500.00 cash first prize and four Price of admission is $3.50 and other cash awards with an overit includes $10,000 in chips. all value of $1,000.00. Refreshments will be available for ~1I. _ ~ For further information c,all Jack Brennan at 758-6098. 0272~.

. The NC News Service reports that priests in the Oakland Califortiia diocese may preach on some political topics, but 'they mu~t give opponents eqt\al time, according to guidelines approved by Bishop Floyd\Begin and the Senate of Priests. Th~ guidelines altheir findings on a related low priests tq use the pulpit izing series of questions that a high to discuss "moral issues with percentage of their respondents p01itical imp~ications" and take this position: Yes, we are

their own applications of these , principles to 'specific political such cases, the problems. But guidelines !'ay, fhe priest should

chairmen of parish I)rare asked to submit for this column .to The O. Box 7, fall Ri~er

MOURNED: Archbishop Gerald T. Bergan, 80 years of age, retired archbishop of Omaha, died last week as the result of coronary attack. The late prelate, who was appointed to the Nebraska Archdiocese in 1948 and retired, in 1969, was living at St. Vincent's Home when stricken. NC Photo.

Dialogue Brings Impressive Results GENEVA (NC) - Doc,trinal talks between the Catholic Ch\.ll'ch and the Lutheran World Federation, begun in 1967, have ended with some very impressive results, according to one of the participants. The task now, said 'Dr. Harding Meyer, is "to convert the consensus into fellowship and communion." Dr. Meyer, a Lutheran theologiim who has been involved in the conversations from their beginning, said that "only a multifaceted and all-encompassing process . . . will show whether the dialogue in our day between Catholicism and Lutheranism is merely an episode or an epochal event." The final report of the c~mver­ sations cQnducted by the LWF and the Vatican Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity will be published soon by the LWF in its quarterly publication, Lutheran World. 1III1IIIIIIIIItlllllll~llllltlllllllllllllIlIUlmlllOlIlIlIl.llt1nlllll1l11tlIlm""mWIIlllllllllllllllll1l

which it is very difficul to separate in terms of what is morally desirable or undesirable. And yet these problems must be analyzed and confronted from the point of vieo/ of religious principles. But how? Professor Berger recommends as a possible model the German "Academy Movement" which strives to bring people together to dialogue about social and political problems in an atmosphere of freedom. It is startling, he says, how few places there are in our 'society where people can gather for this purpose. The churches, he thinks, should regard it as a Christian service to society to provide such places. This, in effect, is what the Lutherans who were surveyed in the above-mentioned study also seem to be saying; and I take it that the Oakland Senate of Priests is also saying pretty much the 'same thing. '

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ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER Major prize winners at the annual summer bazaar hl;!ld over last weekend were: William French of Tiverton, Gerald Melanson of Westport and Fall Riverites Mary Botelho and Charles Andrade. The St. Vincent de Paul Society will meet' tonight at 7::JO in the lower church hall.

WEB OFFSET PRINTING -BY-

FALL 'RIVER

OPEN DA,I LY For The SEASON CIt 1:00 P.M.


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

Bishop Cronin in Portugal Bishop Cronin has stated that Continued from Page One the Most Rev. Affonso Carvalho, "he is overjoyed at the cordial Ordinary of Angra and host bish- reception at every stop" and was .deeply impressed and most op for the meetings. Following the photographing gratdful for cordiality extended of several groups at the airport, by Bishop Carvalho of Angra. Bishop Cronin, together with Bishop Cronin was greeted by Cardinal Jose da Costa Nunes, Father Mendonca and Father Oli, retired Patriarch of Goa, as His veira will conclude their journey Eminence arrived from Rome at with a visit to continental the same time. A resident of Portugal. Rome, the 88 year old cardinal arrived to start a vacation路 on his native island of Pica. Rev. Dr. Arthur Custodio, vicar general of Angra escorted ROCKVILLE CENTRE (NC)Bishop Cronin and the Fall River Bishop greeted children in the Each of the 125 parishes in the Rockville Centre diocese has city of Angra. On Wednesday and Thursday, been asked to find housing for Bishop Cronin and his compan- at least one poor family. ions offered Mass at the CatheThe project is designed to help dral of Sao Salvador. "over 200 welfare families who While at the Terceira meetings, are living in substandard and dethe Bishop visited the villages of humanizing conditions," Bishop two priests now serving in the Walter Kellenberg said in a let路 Fall River Diocese and offered ter to pastors in his Long Island diocese. Mass in the parish churches. On Friday, July 14 he offered Bishop Kellenberg described Mass in the parish church of the program as an "important Terra Cha, the native village of and necessary expression of the Rev. Daniel L. Freitas, pastor of Church's concern for the poor St. Elizabeth's Parish, Fall River. and under-priviledged." It was in this church that Father "What is most desired," he Freitas was baptized. said, "is a suitable dwelling havThe following day, Bishop ing some assurance of permaCronin offered Mass at Sao nence, where this family can Sebastiao, where Rev. John C. begin to live with the dignity Martins, assistant pastor at which Christ conferred on all his Santo Christo Parish, Fall River children." was born. The bishop's letter was a resOn Monday, Bishop Cronin ponse to a request from Nassau . flew to San Miguel for the final County officials for help in findsessions of the meetings on the ing homes for families which the Pastoral Care of the Portuguese county now houses in motels. pJ!ople coming to the United The motels sometimes cost as States. much as $1,600 a month for a During this week, the Ordi- large family. nary's schedule included the ofNassau County officials are fering of Mass in various villages trying to relocate the families in and visiting with the people in better housing and the welfare each area. authorities will meet the rental costs, Bishop Kellenberg said.

Diocese Se'eks Homes for Poor

Gives Travel Grant Fen CFM Meeting OTIAWA (NC)-The Canadian government will provide a travel grant to help couples attend the first national meeting of the Canadian Christian Family Movement, to be held in Regina, Sask., Aug. 18-21. During the past year, the CFM has been 'studying the "quality of life," especially family life. The study has sought to determine the influence of governmental decisions-such as medicare, family planning, and social assistance to the aged-on the quality of life.

He suggested that parish councils and parish units of the St. Vincent de Paul Society help find housing and report to the Diocesan Task Force on Poverty, Race and Allied Probleqls. The task force suggested the project.

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AT BASS RIVER on the Cape The Highest Savings Dividends Allowed by Law BISHOP CRONIN IN PORTUGAL: Top: Fall River Ordinary meets Cardinal Jose da Costa Nunes, retired Patriarch of Goa, as they both arrived at the Lages Air Base, Terceira-the Cardinal about to start a vacation on his native island of Pico and Bishop Cronin to attend meetings. Center: Bishop Cronin, with Father Mendonca of Somerset on his left,at the first meeting with, to his right, Bishops Thomas B. Fulton, Auxiliary of Toronto; Bishop Carvalho of Angra; Bishop Antonio Rodrigues, Auxiliary of Lisbon; Bishop Antonio C. Cardozo Cunha of Vila Real on far left. Bottom: Bishop Cronin with Rev. Dr. Arthur Custodio, Vicar General of Angra, after meeting the residents of the area.

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Madison Senate Leaves' NFPC

THE J6.NCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

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~anipllating

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Things

-, A littJ~ le~s is being heard these days about ec?logy but there are still programs to be launched and contmued ' ' and still mdre to be done. There ~re, of course, those who cry out that the only ultimate adswer is to stabilize the world population' at certain le~el-decided by whom?-and keep it there. , These tealots would rather reduce .population to fit , the ideal st~ndard of living rather than upgrade the standard of livirlg for the world's billions, a thing that can certainly be done with enough -determination and a willingness to Sacrifice a little. Some arguments of the population-control people seem good but ~re readily answered. They proclaim, for example, that !transportation is growing so that the landscape, will soon b~ all ripped up to make way for highways.· Of course, the tevival of railroad mass transit will answer this problem. Again the argument IS advanced that commumcatlOn needs will trtushroom so that the horizon will be ruined, and yet wHat is wrong about· substituting satellites for I telephone poles. , Deman4s for energy can certainly be met by developing sources jfrom outer space.· , The Japanese have already begun, combing the world for ideas abbut "clean goods" and' their industrialists will beat the A~ericans if the ~nited States refu.ses to move in this area.1 . , In other words, it is not "know-how" that is needed with the al~ernative, population-control, as a handy answer. The "know-how" is here. What is needed to clean up the world is the determination and the imagination and the convicti6n that the result is worth the, effort: And the effort must be in the realm of manipulating things, not ( persons.

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MADISON (NC) - Priests of the Madison diocese have voted 88-77 to end -the diocesan Priest Senate's affiliation with the National Federation of Priests Council (NFPC). According to Msgr. Henry Mcmurrough, president of the senate, lack of communication between the NFPC and diocesan priests was the cause of discontent. However, Msgr. McMur· rough said that he believes "the NFPC has done a good job this year in keeping contact with the local councils and 'senates. Perhaps we didn't do a good job passing this information on to the priests." A technicality involving a deadline for withdrawal notification may result in the diocese's loss of $1,000 worth of NFPC dues. According to NFPC by-laws, withdrawing dioceses must notify the' organization by May. Since the Madison diocese referendum to end membership was not tallied until June, the senate may be forced to pay the year's dues. The senate' and NFPC are involved in solving the dispute.

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WorthJj, Worthy I

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Whatcha's'cared Of?

Government to Help Peasant Leagues

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Of no llttle significance is the electio~ as Arc.hbishop Rev. John F. Moore, B.A., M.~., M.E". of Constantinople and, therefore, Ecumemcal Patriarch of the Eastern IOrthodox Church, of Demetrius' I. The' patri, archate includes the Orthodox Churches in Western Europe and the Gr~ek Orthodox Church in America. While the To some it was foolish. To others a mere attempt at Patriarch is Itheoretically first among equals, his voice is the absurd. Yet in the seeming nonsensical, former Governor certainly a powerful one in guiding the destiny of the Endicott Peabody scored a real note of needed reform and 150,000,000 faithful of the patriarchate. . renewal in his att~mpt to bring tO,the Demo~ratic conven- _ Demetrihs comes to the patriarchate from an arch- tion the real constitutional diocese that lembraces no more' than 4,000 souls. He comes role of the second highest portant level of government but rather resorted to the same old with the reputation as a pastor, a man concerned with official of this nation name- method of selection which, after people rather than, with policies. He comes in succession ly, the Vice-President. For the all, is solely based on gaining to a towerirtg figure, the late Athenagoras I, who, with past year Mr. Peabody has tried votes.' After aU, the Vice President Pope Paul, ~ade history in a meeting that 'did much to to bring to a rather apathetic put, aside a Igreat deal of the almost one thousand-year public the need for a new look of these United States is thE! ofat this 'most important office. fice next in rank below the old hostility Ithat existed between the Roman Catholic and By entering various state pri- president and his successolr in Eastern OrtHodox Churches. maries, he has, to some degree, the event of death. In our own . 'Athenaioras worked and prayed for unity between the once more opened the door to a life time we have seen this occur Chur<;hes. ~e had called upon Orthodox theologians to new look at the shadow of the on two occasions with dramatic investigate deeply their theology to see wherein Roman President. In doing this he, to- , and startling consequences. F'irst, Catholics anti Orthodox agree and differ. He felt, as do gether with Senator Gravel of in the case of President Truman Alaska, have brought to light he followed in the footmany, that xhany apparent differences may be differences .a subject that the party regulars when steps of President Roosevelt, and in language land formulae and approach but perhaps not would rather forget in their ef- ' then hammered his oV{n path to differences in belief. , forts to merely'win an election. a second term election. Secondly, It is hoped that Demetrius I will continue this thrust, They have worked hard to bring in the case of President Johnson to the fullest a reform in the after the senseless artd brutal . ' and the evidbnce is that he will do so. Democratic party that even the murder of President IKennedy. , He isa tnan characterized by those who know him as present nominated candidate ig- His administration is still the pastoral and pious. Surely these are the vehicles upon which nored in his so called political subject of many pros! and (:ons the Holy Spint moves. . reformation. It is unfortunate to such an extent that not E!Ven Of Dem~trius I, then, the whole Christian world says, ,that Mr. McGovern failed, to a memory of L.B.J. was mention- Axios, Axiost--Worthy, Worthy-and prays that the Spirit carry his own reform to, this im- ed in the recent conv~ntion. will guide him in his work for God. Vice President Capable in Succes~ion I

The Vice Presidency

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@rhe ANCHOR I

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OFFtCtAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF, FALL RIVER

I . PUBLISHER M9st Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D. GENER.f-l MANAGER ASST. GENERAL MANAGER Rev. Msgr. Daniel F. Shalloo, M.A. Rev. John P. Driscoll

, ~l"ry. pr,en1·Fall River

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In the majority of cases, most presidents have used their vicepresidents very little. The reason for this is a basic constitutional question. Before the passage of the 12th amendment of the Constitution in 1804, those winning election to the office of vice'president had been major presidential contenders. Until then, the candidate with the most electoral votes became the president whlIe the person with the next' greater ,number became vice-

president. With the adtendment, the offiCe was then filled with men who were not qU~lified for ,the presidency but rather by men who could "balance the ticket" or to satisfy party factionalism. However, since World War II, there has been developing a new awareness that vice-presidents must be men who couid. qualify Jor the presidency and, who actively lift some of the heavy administrative burdens from thepresident's shoulders. Vice-presi-

BUENOS AIRES (NC) - The Argentine government has agreed to provide $5.3 million to help 21,000 families in the longneglected Chaco region to culti-, vale public lands. The announcement represents a victory for the Ligas Agrarias -peasant leagues-a new and growing movement which has been championed by Church leaders and by the Catholic Rural Action Movement. The guarantee of government support has been three months in the making It was touched off. last April, when farmworkers~ prevailed upon President Alejandro Lanusse to come to the Chaco region of northern Argentina. At a stormy meeting, 3,500 members of peasant leagues used strong language to make their demands for higher cotton prices and government help in improving local socio-economic conditions.

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tical, ceremonial and diplomatic matters. What truly is now developing is a m9re active office, an ·office with its own sphere of influence, not envisioned in the earlier history of the office. With this evolution, there now exists the demand for progressive reform of the office of vice-president, not only in party conventions, but perhaps even in its constitutional foundation. Perhaps, we again once more should propose a riew constitutional amendment which would concern itself with the popular election of the vice-president, his continuously increasing importance in these violent times and his basic qualifications to meet the demands placed upon him by the people, of these United States and the people of his own political party. A word of thanks to Endicott Peabody of Massachusetts for once more pioneering a new path for new , times and focusing attention on this important and demanding 'office, the Vice Presidency of the United States.


.THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

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Organization Urg'es President Oppose Nonpublic .School Aid WASHINGTON (NC) - Amer- relief for parents of路 nonpublic icans United for Separation of school children "would be in the Church and State have urged Republican platform." President Nixon to take a stand Americans United began their against any use of federal funds letter by criticizing President for nonpublic schools. Nixon fOr meeting with Cardinal The group sent a letter to the Krol, although they did not menpresident asking him to reverse tion the cardinal by name. Referring to the meeting, his position of trying to find some constitutional means to Americans United complained give such aid. that the president is "seeing only "Mr. President," the letter proponents of federal aid to said, "you are reported to be parochial schools." C. Stanley Lowell, associate searching for a 'constitutional method' by which church schools director of Americans United, can receive tax support. We re- told NC News that President spectfully suggest you devote Nixon's meeting with Cardinal your energies, rather, to devis- Krol is another example of the ing ways to assist the public President's policy of meeting school system with its many only "with the other side." problems." Backward Step On June 22, Cardinal John Krol of Philadelphia, president The letter did not make any of the U. S. Catholic Conference, direct reference to tax credits to met with President Nixon at the parents of nonpublic school chilWhite House. Shortly af.terward, dren, but Lowell said it should Nixon announced that his admin- ,be understood that Americans istration had endorsed legisla- United's opposition to federal tion proposing tax credits for aid to nonpublic schools includes parents of children attending opposition to tax credits. _nonpublic schools. The letter said: "It seems to At that time, the president many of our citizens a question路 also received a financial report able use of political talent to from a Philadelphia archdiocesan seek indirect means of accomcommittee which predicted that plishing what the Supreme Court Philadelphia Catholic schools, has forbidden to be done direct路 - now $4 million in debt, will be ly. The voters will disapprove $55 million in debt by 1975. of one as well as the other." 'In Republican Platform' Americans United believe, the Cardinal Krol later ,told NC letter said, that any federal pro'News "the President Wll.S ex- gram of aid to church schools tremely sympathetic" to the would be a backward step. "It plight described by the report would promote not diversity but and noted that the President in divisiveness in our educational ,the past has endorsed aid to program. We have seen the nonpublic schools. divisive impact of such an arCardinal Krol said that Presi- rangement in Northern Ireland dent Nixon "equivalently im- and we certainly do not want it plied" that the concept of tax here."

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WEDNESDAY, JULY 26 FEAST OF

GOOD SAINT ANNE Come Visit St. Anne's Shrine

CO,ME PRAY TO ST. ANNE-

ANNUAL CATHOLIC CHARITY APPEAL MADE ABOVE SCENES POSSIBLE: The

St. Vincent de Paul Overnight Camp in Adamsville becomes a beehive of activity during summer weeks. Top: God lives in the daily lives of the campers as they attend Mass offered daily by Reverend Edmond R. Levesque, camp director, who offers Mass. Center: Arts and crafts become a challenge' for every camper. Bottom: Safety comes first as is. evidenced by the alertness of Father Levesque, and the seminarian counselors Jack Oliveira, Dick Roy, Bruce Collard and Arnold Medeiros, seated.

HIGH MASS: 7:30 A.M., SHRIN,E OTHER MASS'ES: 6, 8 and 10 A.M., NOON and 6:30 P.M., UPPER CHURCH DEVOTION SERVICE AND PROCESSION: 2, 3 , 4 and 7:30 P.M. Veneration of the Relic of Good Saint Anne at any time.

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~HE A~CHOR-Di~c~se of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

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,Austri'a flo Pay, Teacher Salaries

Bargai~ -"Seekers Must, Enter Store to Find Real Sales I

VATICAN CIlY (NC)"- Because Catholic schools are "an advantage and a help to the state," Austria has agreed to pay all salaries for teachers in Catholic schools in that country. The agreement, which willi cost Austria more than $4 million a year, became effective fC?llowing an exchange of ratifica· . tion document', between Austria and the Vatican July 10. A predominantly Catholic nation, Austria has paid 60 per cent of the teachers' salaries since 1962. The Austrian ambassador to the Vatican, Dr. Hans Reichman, told NC News that state contributions to Catholic schools are looked upon by the government as a sound investment. The ambassador added that "without the Catholic schools the government would be forced to build new schools and provide all the tools of teaching." Stating that the Austrian government has always enjoyed excellent rapport with the Church, the ambassador said: "The government intends to back up its stated support for Catholic schools not only in words but in money." A note issued by the Vatican stated: "Free of material preoccupations, the Catholic schooi in Aus- ' tria can dedicate itself more intensely- toward its proper mission: the formation of 'youth."

I NEVER learn-each year at this time I look into my closet and decide that I haven't enough 'outfits to last me through t~e still remaining months of hot weather and run into the frustrating experience of looking for summer ,.,. clothes in Jqly. Look f o r . warm weather outfits in outsIde of the store, that IS where I the crowds had gathered, yet Janu~ry, Feb~uary, or even when I did venture to the rear way mto March but never, of one of the better stores I did I ,

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?h never, atte~l1~t such a search In the season when you need those clothes. -I ~1>zm~

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i' By

MARILYN RODERICK

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find that the real summer merchandise that had been full price only a week or so ago was really marked down and. marked, down well. Here truly' was where the bargains were. Penny conscious consumers will also always be aware that the better stores-the stores that always carry quality merchandise-are the places where genuine mark-<lowns take place. With , fine quality merchandise, owners find that it has to get off the shelves and racks by the end of summer, or they take a great loss, and because of this (along with the fact that their good reputation' is at stake if they carry sham bargains) they have the real sales. Consumers are becoming more and more educated to the ways of saving money and because of this, they'll shop July, but they'll shop it wisely.

What one rlo~s find on the racks at this season is a wealth of markdowns (Jlas never in the right size), or th'e right color or even the right lepgth. While I run t~e gamut of this same business of Ifrustration each and every sum'i!1er I still cannot l get used to shOPf ing pre-season. As I'm writing this column I have jU!jt returned from a noon shopping searcl-} Ifor some office clothes, along with a few dressy outfits. Needless! to say I'm dis- Expresses Sympathy couraged. If I planned on spend- For Flood Victims ing the summer lin sport outfits WASHINGTON (NC) - Pope I would have a great selection to Paul VI has expressed his conpick from but seding that I'm out cern for the victims of recent in the working world little cu- ,floods in the eastern United lotte skirts, scobp necked jer- States. seys and bare mi4riffs are hardly The Pope's concern was exthe outfits to filii the closet. pressed in a telegram from CarI There are bargains to be had dinal Jean Villot, papal secretary at this time of the year if you of state, to Cardinal John Krol, have the tim!' ~nd energy to of Philadelphia. president of the look. Last evenirtg I visited one 'National Conference of Catholic of the area malls! and was a bit Bishops. dismayed by the biles and miles "The Holy Father is deeply of supposed barg~ins. When you grieved at the disaster which did inspect these Ibargains close- has devastated the Eastern sealy, you could sed that they had board," C~rdinal Villot said. "He been. brought intq the stores par- expresses solidarity with all ticularly for the Isales and that those affected. He offers prayers they .were not fIrst class mer- for the victims,' and upon the chandise marked Idown. homeless and suffering he invokes from God the blessings of True Markdowns However, beduse most of comfort and strength." Cardinal Krol, whose own these bargain tables were on the I , archdiocese of Philadelphhl was hit by floods, said the telegram Resist· Natio~alization , shows Pope Paul's "compassion extends to aU his children wherOf Kerala iColleges ever they may be. We are deeply COCHIN (NC) r-- The Church will wage another "liberation ,grateful for such a genuine ex\ ~truggle" in Ker~a state to de- pression of sympathy." fend its university colleges from nationalization, :according to Abortions in California Syro-Malankara-rite Archbishop Total 116,749 in 1971 Gregorios Varghbse ThangaIathil ,of Trivandrurh. ' LOS ANGELES (NC) - With I "We are against such a strug- legal restrictions eased, the numgle," the archbishop said. "But ber of abortions in California has if someone thrust~ it upon us, we risen dramatically from 5,030 in 1968 to 116,749 last year. will defend ourselves. If war is The 1971 total represents a 79 carried into our Famp, we will face it," Ihe said following a per cent increase over 1970, acmeeting with bishops of other cording to statistics just released by the state Department of. Public : churches. , The meeting o~ the Christian Health. Council of Highe~ Education, of Metropolitan Los Angeles leads which the archbishop is chair- the state in the volume of aborman, endorsed a ictecision taken tions. In 1971, 64,559 abortions earlier by the P~ivate College were performed here - an inManagers' Association. crease of 112.4 per cent over the The associatiort resolved to 30,394 Los Angeles abortions in keep the colleges closed until the 1970. government offers; practical pro: The public health report said posals to make' up income lost that in 1971 there were 287 abor- . by lowering tuitioh rates. tions for each 1,000 live births. II ,

East German Dioceses Plan Synod in March I

A BRIDGE OF HANDS TO' "THE FRIENDLY FAMILY PROGRAM": Inner city children such as these share the

family life and, summer pleasures of middle-income families in the Buffalo area thanks to the "Friendly Family Program." Under the ecumenical program, middle income families invite the children into their homes to become part of the "family" for a week. According to participants in the program some guest children return many summers to the same home and lasting family friendships develdp. ,

Dual System Lutherans Support Church Colleges! As Vital Public Service DALLAS (NC)-Delegates to the Lutheran Church of America's ,sixth biennial convention here warned church members that, "the dual system of higher education in t.he United States and .Canada may be at stake." . They restated their belief that religious colleges "perform a public service of large dimension." The church's .committee on public policy and religious colleges said: "The dominance which private colleges and universities once enjoyed as the major providers of higher education no longer prevails. Although they are continuing to grow modestly, the shift toward public institutions is proceeding at an accelerated rate and is one of the most significant facts of our time." The committee suggested that Lutherans continue to develop and support church-related colleges, eliminate discriminatory, admission policies, and work wards a "public policy which will provide maximum opportunity for youth." ,-

to-

BERLIN (NC)-The East German Catholics will hold a synod March 22·25, 1973. Car<:linal Alfred Bengsch, bishop of Berlin, approved the decision which was made at a meeting of the East German bishops in Dresden. The theme will be "Faith Today." There are about 1.4 million Catholics in East Germany in a total population of over 17 million. The seminary at Erfurt now has only 140 students. Religious instruction has been banned from schools since 1958, although religion classes can be held after the end of the regular school day.

The committee's report claimed that church-related institutions of higher learning should enter

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese ofFell River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

9

From 18 Y1e,ars' Exp,e,ri,ence Before he's had a chance to even open the paper, I ask my husband, "Did you see the latest bit of useless advice in the 'household hints' column?" "Another gem?1. "Yeah ... I can't believe she gets paid to write that stuff. Everyone is doing half the . ideas in that column anyway day. Get filthy dirty and sweaty · .. then run to the supermarket . . . and the other half are without even taking time to impossible." I didn't think comb your hair. my husband was listening until * * * he commented, "Why don't you put together your favorite bits of advice?"

Two Solutions Want to call the kids for supper? Make an important phone call that can not be interrupted. They'll all be fighting under your feet in seconds.

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By MARY CARSON

"The only ones who find my advice useful are ers trying to keep their in a house full of kids." "So you think you've corner on the market of kids?" I took the bait. Here result gleaned from 18 experie"ce.

might mothsanity got a J.lutty is the years'

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Company Will Come Want to get your children's bedrooms cleaned fast? This gem I discovered by accident. I bought six new sheets , , . for, eight kids. One of the girls asked who, they were for. All I said was, "Whichever kids get their rooms clean first." Did you ever see children race to get the vacuum cleaner? You may wonder about the two who were left out. Those two had absolutely no intention of cleaning their rooms anyway . . . but the other six didn't know that. Feel lonesome? Take aU the odds and ends of unidentifiable leftovers out of the refrigerator to do a defrosting job. Company will come. Miss friends you haven't seen in ages? Work in the garden all

Anniversary Marked With Reception, Mass

Want your teen-age son out of uniform (worn dungarees, ripped shirt and sandals) when you take him out to dinner? Two solutions. First, is an ultimatum · , ,put on a jacket and tie or you're not going. In that case, he probably. won't go ... and you really wouldn't want to be seen with him in that condition anyway. Second solution ... invite his girl-friend to come along, and suggest that she wear that beautiful dress she wore to graduation · .. she looked so lovely. On the other hand, she may prefer the dungarees and ripped shirt, and in th'at case, you wouldn't want to be seen with either one of them.

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Cultivate Weeds Want to get the garage cleaned out? Hide your son's fishing rod under all the junk. This, however, only guarantees getting everything cleaned out of the garage onto the driveway. Nothing says it'll get put back in.

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Want the garden weeded properly? Do it yourself. I haven't met a kid yet who can tell the weeds from the flowers. Better yet, want a flourishing. verdant garden? Learn to like weeds, Make up Latin names for them. Most of your friends won't know the difference if you speak with authority of your "Chickenatus vulgaris" '(chicken weed) or "Acidium grassiae" (sour grass) which you have been nurturing for months.

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Telescoping Teaspoon 'I keep a short measuring teaspoon in the instant coffee jar, WASHINGTON (NC - The so 'I don't have to look for a ninth anniversary of Pope Paul spoon every time I want a cup VI's coronation was marked with of coffee. a concelebrated Mass at St. MatThe other day, my husband thew's Cathedral and a reception was making a cup qf coffee for at the residence of the apostolic me, but the jar was quite empty. delegate here. He observed, "This spoon· is fine Archbishop Luigi Raimondi, while the jar is full, but it the apostolic delegate in. the' doesn't reach down to the botUnited States, was the principal tom." concelebrant of the anniversary "We ought to make a teleMass and host at the reception scoping teaspoon," I quipped. for diplomats, Church and public "You know, you could probofficials. ably take an old aerial from a car and attach it to a teaspoon. Novitiate Benefit Why don't you write that up The annual country fair and and send it to that 'household chicken barbeque sponsored by hint' column in the paper?" the Friends of St. Anne's HospiI thought about it for a mintal, Fall River will be held on ute. "That's so weird, she'd probSaturday and Sunday, July 22 ably use it ... but then some and 23 on the grounds of the woman some place else in the Sisters's Novitiate, 3012 Elm St., country would read it and say, Dighton. 'Boy, this column is ridiculous .The barbeque will be served . .. everyone knows enough to between 11 in the morning and make telesc'oping teaspoons out of an old car aerial'." 2:30 in the afternoon.

FALL RIVER PARISH PLANNING CENTENARY: As the Sacred Heart Parish, Fall River opens its lOOth year celebration, a committee has been formed to conduct a fund raising appeal for restoration of the church. The committee is composed of, seated: Raymond J. Connors, M.D., Rev. Msgr. Lester L. Hull, pastor; H. Frank Reilly. Standing, Daniel F. Murphy, Jr. and Daniel F. Duffy.

Women Receive Benem:er,enti M,edal for UN Work UNITED NATIONS (NC) Pope Paul VI has awarded the Benemerenti medal to Miss Catherine Schaefer, former director of the Division of UN Affairs of the U. S. Catholic Conference, and to Miss Alba Zizzamia, former assistant director. . The medal, whose name means "to a well deserving person," is a traditional papal honor be-

stowed in recognition of outstanding service to the Church. Msgr. Alberto Giocanetti, Vatican observer at the UN, presented the. medals to the two women at the direction of Cardinal Jean Villot, papal secretary of state. The office of UN Affairs, which maintained facilities for research and provided information on Catholic policies and

viewpoints on matters dealt with by the UN, was closed at the end of June. Its materials have been transferred to other Cath· olic organizations with offices in New York. Miss Schaefer. has retired and Mjss Zazzamia is now on the staff of the New York archdiocese's Justice and Peace office.

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S.- Help, Asks Field Workers

THE l4NCHORThurL July ,20, 1972

Pope Stresses Basic Principles Of C~nduct

VATICAN CITY (NC)-"Man, be a man. Christian, be a Christian," Pope Paul VI urged the I people of the world as he addressed 10,000 tourists a,nd· pilgrims at a geheral audience. " , Saying the :World is plummeting into monH chaos, the Pope said: "We nbed to r,ediscover those principlbs which must be the basis of our c,onduct." He said the moral command that men act like men and Christians act like I Christians derived from "the very. first insights into the way in which men should conduct them$elves." From thesefinsights, the Pope continued, our moral code develops. I' "Life is likeI a ship,"' he said, "and of course the rudder is very , important fori a ship... Today, the mechanism of our rudder, that is our moral and imperative judgmerk is somewhat broken downl or jammed, or complicated." i

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Since this so, the Pope continued, man is' confused, moral indifferences~ts in and the habits which wete yesterday's virtues are qisca;rded. Even modern scientific breakthroughs, thel Pope said, can harm mankind while seemingly profering hirrt goodness. The Pope offered las examples "nuclear armaments and family I planning." Implying t~at he would con; tinue this dis,cussion of fundamental moral ,principles in later talks, the Pope said lie would only mention the "first steps on the stairway ;Which must bring man to the summit of the human perfection." ! These first Jteps, he said, were to 'live according tQ human nature, to do go~od and avoid evil, and to . listen ,Ito the dictates of conSCIence. ! Addresses , , Students I

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After the audience, the Pope went directly: to the Hall of Benedictions 6ver the front entrance to St.; Peter's where he received some 2,000 American students. He repeated what he had said to young Australians during his trip to the Far East last year: "The Churbh knows what values you possess: your enthusiasm for the future ... your thirst for whal is just and true and your avedion for hatred and its' worst expression which is war." I He-asked the young Americans to be "witness~s to Christ's gospel of peace, ,with your hearts open" to humanity's needs. 'I

HOUMA (NC)-A Marist priest working among sugar cane work" . ers here in Louisiana has appealed to the U. S. Agriculture Department to help "the poorest of the working poor." Father Vincent O'Connell made the appeal at a department hearing on '''fair and reasonable" wage rates for sugar cane field workers, most of whom work in Louisiana. The current wages for the field workers, $1.60 and $1.65 an hour, were "never fair and reasonable," Father O'Connell said in urging that the department increase the minimum wage. The department, through a complex structure of quotas and price supports, controls the wage levels, he said. Father O'Connell, project director of an adult education pro-· gram for the workers, said that OFFICIAL HOPES TO COMP~ETE RESTORATION BY CHRISTMAS' because of a state right to work law, the field workers have been unable to organize a union. l Unionized sugar cane workers in Hawaii earn about $6,000 a year VATICAN CITY (NC)-Vati- actual restoration work on the 200 years, that is, in the first while the unorganized Louisiana. can Museum, officials said they statue has not yet begun because chapel to the right of the basil- workers earn $2,600 a year, he ' hope that restoration work on the experts are minutely deter- ica as one enters. said. Michelangelo's masterpiece, "The mining the extent of the damage Nearly half of the people in howev~r, that a He added, and are studying what materials Pieta," will be completed by one sugar cane area are illitera.te final decision has not yet been are to be used in restoration. Christmas. made. Among suggestions under and about the same number are. It seems possible that Ii mix- study are that it be' moved to below the poverty leyel, the The statue was damaged in its chapel in St. Peter's Basilica in ture of marble dust made 'from another and better protected priest said. May by a hammer-wielding Hun- marble of the same quality as chapel - the present chapel is garian emigrant who is still un- that of the statue will be used to close to the Holy year door der medical study in Rome. The fill out gouges and other dam- which will be opened in 1975- p'rotest Treatm,nt statue was damaged badly about age, he said. or to the sacristy or even to an- Of Archbishop the head and face, one arm was Another process being studied other location entirely within the NEW YORK (NC)-1Jt~ Turksmashed at the elbow. is the use of plaster to fill in Vatican. Final decision on this ish government's refusal to alAccording to museum director the damaged areas. But accord- will rest with the Pope, he said. low Orthodox Archbishop IakoRedig de Campos, the restoration ing to -Redig de Campos, "This i vos to attend the funeral of Or- . work being carried on by ex- could' compromise still further thodox Patriarch Athenagoras in perts in the employ, of the Vati- the restoration of the master- Swiss Jesuits :Seel( Istanbul was sharply' critici:q!d in can Museums is continuing "care- piece with the insertion of difa statement from the Greek OrFull L,egal St~tus ferent materiaL" fully without haste." thodox Archdiocese of North and BERNE (NC) - Switzerland's South America. He said it is hoped the comThe museum director also said plete project of restoration,.will that once restoration is complet- theoretically non-existent Jesuits The statement said that Archbe finished by Christmas. ed the Pieta will probably remain seem to be on the road to full bishop lakovos, head of the archRedig de Campos said that the where it has stood for the past legal status, but the r6ad is long diocese, was refused entry beand hazardous and :they may cause he had protested against· never reach their destination. Turkish "transgressions of basic I The Staenderat, .or ,Council of human and inalienable rights."-The statement listed 10 actions States,' recently voted without a single dissenting voice to aholish in which it said Turkish authoriSAN FRANCISCO (NC) - "If tion, he fled the country. .Switzerland's constitutional re- ties "have chosen to ignore the Blacks grow increasingly bit- strictions on the Society of Jesus. ' basic provision" of a 1923 treaty you try· to change anything in South Africa you are viewed as ter as apartheid oppression con- The other house of parliament, guaranteeing the treatment of a communist," according to Dean tinues in '-South Africa,. Dean the Nationalrat, or. National minority groups in Turkey and Gonville Aubie ffrench-Baytagh, ffrench-Baytagll said. According Council, will probably vote on Greece. former dean of the Anglican Ga- to him, apartheid is the tool .the same proposal this Fall, not "These examples of the flathedral of St. Mary the Virgin in white men of Dutch ancestry use with the same perfect Iunanimity grant disregard by Turkish auagainst blacks in Africa. The but probably with the I same sub-' thorities of even the basic proJohannesburg. Speaking at luncheon of the four million whites stay in con- stantial effect. visions of the Treaty of Lausanne Episcopal Diocese of <:;alifornia trol of South Africa's 18 million Much less certain is the out- cannot be tolerated," the stateand its World Without War Pro- blacks through the "best army, come of th~ third and final stage ment said. grapt, Dean ffrench-Baytagh ' navy, and police force in Africa" of the Jesuits' journey, to perfect ca'l,led South African policies of and by thousands of informers, legality, a national referendum racial separation and the sup- he said. expected next year in l the Sumpression of dissent a form of "I don't see a revolution bemer or Fall. Though a, two-yearheresy. cause the national leaders are in ONE STOP old public opinion survey indi"The heresy of apartheid says exile or prison. But I see spoSHOPPING CENTER cates that about. half ,bf the nat~ings cannot change. Our theolradic outbursts of violence that tion's Protestants and ,two-thirds • Television • Grocery ,ogy says that God does not wi1l be contained-awful blood·' of the Catholics favor canceling • Appliances • Furniture change but man must ohange shed-with most of it, unfortuthe constitutional restrictions on 104 Allen St., Now Bedford to become more like God,"· he nately, black blood," he said. Jesuits, political observers are Suggesting ways in which told the group The South Afri997-9354 caJ1tious about the outcome. can government considered Dean . Americans can help curb terror(About 43 per cent of the ffrench-Baytagh a threat to ism in South Africa, he said, "as white supremacy because he a theologian I believe that Swiss are Catholic and 51 per cent Protestant).' ! maintained a mixed racial staff, money talks." open swimming pool, and 'in"I believe that Americans have tegrated eucharistic services at been much too docile," he said. . , his cathedral in Johannesburg. Instead of behaving like white AnLEBORO'S' For his work in the black com· South Africans, Dean ffrenchLeading Garden Centelr 'munity" Dean ffrench-Baytagh Baytagh suggested that Amerwas arrested under the Terror- ican industries in South Africa ism Act and sentenced to five use company lawyers to protest· years in prison. The interna- terrorization of black employees, South Main & Wall Sh;. tional outcry that resulted ai- improve employee housing (whioh .lowed him to make an appeal to . now separates a black man from The Falmouth National Bank FALMOUTH. MASS. higher courts and receive an ac- his family), and teach blacks 222-0234 By the Village Gree" Since 1821 quittal. On his lawyer's sug~es- skilled trades. ":'.':

ICare Without Haste Trend of Menders

Refugee Asks U. S.Participation In Stemming So.African Terrorism

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CORREIA &SON,S

Says Workers Live Message :of Love TUCSON (NC)-Farm workers in the Southwest are living , Christ's ~essage of love, according to Cesar <J:havez; "We are here to love our brothers, ,and :the oniy way we can love Christ is by loving one another. The only way we can love one another is by sacrificing , .... to help. .. 'when injustice is being committed," Chavez told the Arizona R~gister here. '

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Urges Bishops~ Initiate Relief Fund Efforts

THE ANCHORThurs., July 20, 1972

WASHINGTON (NC) - The National Catholic Disaster Relief Committee has launched a nation-wide appeal for financial aid for victims of tropical storm Agnes. In a letter to all the country's bishops, Msgr. Leo Coady;路 chairman of the committee, urged the bishops to do everything possible to raise funds to ease the suffering caused by the "unprecedented disaster on the East coast." Exact methods of. fund raising have been left to the individual bishops. Accompanying the committee's letter is a cover letter from Cardinal John Krol of Philadelphia. president of the U. S. Catholic Conference. According to John Hayes, secretary of the 15-member relief. committee, Cardinal Krol encouraged full participation of the bishops. Damage to Catholic Church property and buildings will run . into the millions of dollars, Mr. Hayes said. All diocesan donations will be channelled into the disaster areas through the relief committee with the bulk of funds going to the hard-hit dioceses of Scranton and Harrisburg, Pa. and Rochester, N. Y. Food Stamp Policy In addition to the relief committee'sfund raising appeal, Mr. Hayes said that Msgr. Lawrence J. Corcoran, of the National Conference of Catholic Charities, is meeting with Department of Agriculture representatives to negotiate a more "equitable" policy for distribution of federal BROTHER ROGER USES A MICROPHONE DURING PRAYER food st~mps in ,local disaster areas. An amendment loweripg the interest rates on federal small business loans to disaster areas Why has Taize ,become such a TAIZE (NC)-A starkly mod- before the altar, kneeling bent has been passed by the U. S. ern white church, built here in to the floor. magnet? House of Representatives, Mr. "I guess I just came here out 1960 with money from German Just when theologians and ecHayes said. The bill will go into churches as a sign of reconcilia- umenists painfully grope toward of curiosity, because I've been effect, retroactive to the time of tion for the Nazi holocaust, has nuanced agreements between waiting to find God, and I saw the flood, if passed by the Senate. become one of the most popular Protestants and Catholics, the it in the faces of my friends In addition to Church particihere," said a 25-year-old Frenchpation in the relief project, the destinations in France for thou- Brothers. of Taize say. unhesitatsands of hitch-hiking, backpack- ingly that they are living spirit- Canadian girl. Red Cross, federal Office of "Youth wants unity and peace Emergency Preparedness, and St. ing, long-haired youths in search ually in communion with Pope and not the easy life," observed of spiritual goals. VI and the Holy See. They Paul Vincent de Paul Society are inpray daily for the moment when a Swiss Benedictine Catholic volved in the effort. Hayes said The building is called the all Christians may receive the priest. that the relief committee will Church of Reconciliation. Those "Something very deep is ockeep disaster areas informed of who own it, and the tent-fjlled same Eucharist at the same altar table. curring here," noted Sister Mathe coordinated efforts through hilltop Burgundian acreage At a period when vocations deleine J;)ierckx of Belgium, a diocesan representatives. around it, are the Brothers of are down in the Catholic Church, White Sister stationed in TanTaize, an ecumenical monastic and there is widespread pessim- 'zania, "the young people want community. Scattered on four Supports Clothing ism about Christianity's future, meaning, peace and justice in continents, they are 70 in numthe Brothers of Taize-founded their lives." Workers' Strike ber-mostly Protestant and Or32 years ago by Brother Roger A newly married Catholic EL PASO (NC)-Bishop Sidney thodox, with five of their number Schutz, 57, the prior-have been couple from Lyons4. France, who M. Mitzger of EI Paso has given Catholics. swamped with applicants for had overnighted in their smaIl his support to workers 'on strike their community. They have to blue tent on the drenched hillThree times each day they asat a clothing plant here. semble in the church in white turn most of them away. side, said in a joint interview in "When you tell me your cause robes to pray for Christian unity their small car: And in an era when many is good, I believe it," Bishop and justice, with chant, liturgical youths and adult's have simply "It's the prayer. Young people Metzger said in a letter to Anto- music or long silences. given up on each other, and the are searching for something, for nio Sanchez, manager of the EI Paso Joint Board of Hie AmalgaA lot of things are happening world's injustices, thousands of God, and this is a new style of mated Clothing Workers. at Taizo that are not occurring kids emanating from Taize are religion. They are at ease. The The litrike is at the Farah elsewhere in the religious world full of plans for a 1974 world-' service is simple. There's time to wide Council of Youth. It will reflect. Here everyone is reconManufacturing Co. here, which -or among youths. open at the monastery and con- ciled." operates nine plants in Texas tinue probably for several years. At a time when many of the Among the few Americans on and New Mexico. Some 3,000 workers: most of them Mexican- young are leaving structured Cells of youths and Brothers are the hilltop were a trio from New Americans, have been on strike parish life, they are flocking to already promoting the council England. Dr. Paul Conley, a phy. Taize (there were 16,000 there in several countries. sician, of the Episcopal-Catholic since May 9. The council appears to be one Joint Subcommittee of the dio"The Church has to defend de- at Easter) to pray. If the tents mands of social justice, i.e., the and houses provided by the Bro- result of the increasing numbers cese of Providence, R.I., visited diginity of man, the dignity of thers are full. and the weather is of the young, whose presence Taize three years ago and was labor and the right of the worker bad, they simply take their bed- here has astonished the Brothers "so overwhelmed" that this time to a living wage. Any obstacles rolls into the monastery and and caused them to revise their he came back with Father John that may be set up to prevent stay. Most pay an indicated price measured internal program of J. Walsh of Newport, R.I., and the workers from receiving a liv- of $2 a day, which includes prayer for Christian unity to Bob Ruggles~ of Park StI'efet ing wage are unjust," the bishop meals. plan conferences and "rap" ses- Church, Boston. They were wrote. Sometimes they pray for hours sions. moved by the monastic spirit.

Taize'sSpirituality Attracting .young

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Keep Discipline ,On Ecumenism DALLAS (NC) - Fifty-seven delegates of the Cursillo Movement have re-affirmed a policy of adhering to Church discipline regarding ecumenical activities. The delegates adopted a resolution at their national meeting here,' stating that ecumenical questions are matters for the local bishop to decide. Noting that some diocesan Cursillo movements were allow.ing inter-Communion, the 57 delegates agreed unanimously that the Cursillo's ecumenical policy is always to be "consistent with Church discipline." "Ecumenism is a fact, but the Cursillo is not a tool for ecumenism, per se," the resolution stated. It added, however,' that there should be "no reservation in sharing the movement with other denominations in order for them to renew their own spiritual traditions." The Cursillo Movement is designed to stimulate apostolic action individually and in the organized apostolate. The movement originated in Spain in 1949 and was introduced in the United States in 1957.

Education Lead~u Returns to South BELMONT (NC) - Sister M. Barbara Sullivan, R.S.M., former acting executive secretary of the National Catholic Educational Association's (NCEA) elementary education department and director of the NCEA field services office, is returning to her motherhouse here in North Carolina. Sister' Barbara will serve as chairman of the Committee on Concerns of Nonpublic Schools of the National Association of Elementary School Principals and as southern states representative of NCEA.

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THE tNCHOR~Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1.972

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Of ,Marri'ed Men

Er1'jo~s .Watching City Kids

Reactions to Farm Life . I

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I read the other day that there's a new vacation business spreading across the country. Guess where? Not on the beachesl not in the mountains, not in resort areas, but on farms. That's right. People are renting unused' farm homes for ~ week or two to let their city children expe- deal?f time- answering, "Empty rience the kind of life the the. dIshwasher. Scrub down the , " . ' y patIO, Excavate under your themselves ~ad as chIldren. beds." Amazing how rapidly they As a farm }(Id turned suburban mother, I vifw the idea with both amusement and respect, amusement 6ecause we farm

find things to do.) Initial Reaction

But we're lucky. We don't have to rent a .farm for vacaW&i:tW"0.-'£I®if1a!t"i'1!ff£A tion experiences. One of my I brothers is still 'on tlie farm where I. grew up in Wisconsin. I ~Y I' And, like my own childhood 'i family, he has seven children DOLORES , there, so the circumstances are somewhat the same. 1 CURRAN I I am much interested in I watching my own city kids' reac· I tions to farm life when we go : home to visit. Their. initial re1 ~m;;;&m~yillltl action is, ':Boyare they lucky! NEPHEW BLESSES ROSARY PRIEST: Rev. Patrick kids used to envy city kids who They ~ot all those animals to Peyton, who was recently ordained in hishOlne parish could go on ~acations while we play WIth and all that space for church of St. Joseph, AttYmass, County Mayq,I Ireland were bound by crops and cows ball. games and get to eat raspin the summbr and school and berrIes and green apples when- ' .gives his first blessing to his uncles, Rev. Patric~ Peyton, snow in the Winter. And I view ever they wan,t to. Sure wish we esc, left, noted Rosary priest, and Rev. Thomas Peyton, esc, center, of Notre Dame University. I it with respJct because it's a could, live there." I darned good i~ea. , ' . An? they ~ye me accusingly, I For years, fli rm kids have been ~Ike I m a traItor for not marr~­ I I adjusting to pity culture while mg theb?~ ne.xt doo~ ,(who IS I fewer and fewer city kids have probably hvmg m a ChIcago sub. had the expe~ience of the farm. urb now.) . Improved Methodist-Catholic But the moment of truth IS - I think it's tidte they got a little I farm culture. ahead for my city-bred kids. Predicted in England Like many farm kids 'of our They are invited. to s?enda , ~OTTINGHAM (NC)-A turn- formed by the'union Of the Conday, we had lour city relatives ~ouple of days WIth theIr cousing point in relations between gregational and Ptesbyt,erian who used to drive out' on Sun-' ms. When we come back to day afternoon aii'd exclaimyover pick them up, they're piping a Catholics and Methodists in Eng- , Churches that will tatte effect in ~ the pastorallirestyle we enjoyed. new tune;, "w,ow, did we have land was predicted at the recent October. meeting -of the Methodist Con-, Like {llany f~rm kids, we used to work, "g~leves ,~en-year-old Although new on church to snicker about it because Sun- daughter, DId you know that ference here. The Conference - unity are ,scheduled lamong all day afternoonl was the only pas- every ~orning e~ery kid has to appointed a 12-man team to meet the main d~nomimltions, the D of I Convention toral time on jthe farm and then hoe mIles and mIles of tobacco, with representatives of the Cath- Methodists are still ca~tions. The only because I the Third Com- ,a~l ~ himself ... even the little olic Bishops' Conference of Eng- hierarchy resisted thrJeattempts In Chicago July 31 land and Wales. mandment w~s taken seriously. kIds. to strengthen a resolJtion which CHICAGO (NC)-The DaughIn spite of the failure of the . said that the Methodist Church Our city ffiends and relatives 0 Always Something Ripe ters of Isabella will celebrate Anglican-Methodist merger plan "looks hopefully toward the pos- their 75th anniversary with an never..- seemedi to drop by when I smile imd mention the bonus the real work was going on. Or of raspberries. "Yeah,'" she adds' in early May, sources within the siblity of a broad-basJd union of international biennial convention if they did, t~ey picked up their righteously," and then. they Methodist Church say that it still churches in England'r and' that. here July 31-Aug. 5. fresh eggs ~nd new potatoes gotta pick raspberries and beans wants union with other Chris- the church "is open Ito suggesFounded in Connecticut in tions about how this could be and had to 1 rush back home and those yuckeypeas after that. tians. 1897, the Daughters of Isabella Unoffi~ial conversations. have . before they got stale. We have Look at my hands." We admire achieved." r is an organization of over 120,been· held between the already a family joke about an elderly the scratches and stains. while' 000 Catholic women from the aunt who usea to come out and she goes on, ''Theie~s always Methodists and the United ReUnited. States, Canada, and the marvel at the lcrops, animals and 'something ripe. That's what formed Church,' - a ne~ body Records Intr~duce , I Philippines. The group works for machinery. I·' , L'mda says an d sh e hopes we'll , ., the Church in local, national and New Hymnal i MLisic Difference in Viewpoint invite her to our hou'se all ',sumI I OTTAWA (NC) - ~he Cana- international charitable projects. . According I to one of my mer sometime so she 'can get father's dictates to throw ears It has provided 72 full scholarbrothers, "Sne'd point' to one awaY from the tobacco and' the of corn at the pigs. We hated to dian National Office for Liturgy ,ships for Masters' Degrees in go in that smelly house and we has commissioned twt> long-play social service at Catholic Unipile of work ~nd say, 'Isn't that garden." wonderful?' ahd then she'd point We ignore that and mentior. were afraid fo get into the pens records to introduce ~ew music versity in Washington. to . another pile of work and all those animals they get to with those docile blubbery ani- in .the national hymnal to musisay, 'That's jtist glorious.''' The ,play with. "I don't like pigs," mals" so we devised another cians, pastors and co~gregations. difference in ~iewpoint obviously declares our six-year-old flatly. way. Obviously the second genThe' new hymnal~ Catholic lay in wheth~r one was looking "They smell, and besides, they're eration mapped the samf:! route. Book of Worship, beibg released Now that! think of it, I suppose in July, contains a large proporat it or responsible for it., scary. I've seen :the contempt of "Oh, they won't hurt you," we my' dad did it too ... and Grand- tion of music never sung befo're pa? in Canada. I city-bred kid~ toward farm kids reassure him. ••• Cleansers ••• I We decide to leave the pigpen "I know it," he replies, "cause but I've als~ experienced the "Records are an excellent way lesser-known I contempt' on the I don't even go in ,their smelly and ask, "Did you like playing to help people learn hew music; , 94 TREMONT STREET ball on such a big field?" part of farm"bred kids toward house anymore." TAUNTON, MASS. congregations and I celebrants "We were too tired to play learn the melody and tempo "How. did you feed .them?" I city kids wh6, 'in their: opinion, Tet. 822-0621 don't know mlich about anything. asked, already guessing the an- hall," they reply. quickly by listening and follow,"Yeah," says our six-year-old, ing the text," said F~ther L. L. As farm children, we always swer. wondered' what city children did "Bobby and I climbed up the "I eve;- fell asleep on the porch Sullivan of the Liturgy office, with their time. So much of our post and threw ears of corn in before it got dark last night." coordinator of ,the recbrd project. I day was speqt feeding animals, the window at 'em," he said I nod. My husband smiles. As hoeing gardens and milking cows smugly. ' the Future Shock bunch puts it, , I that we che,hshed every free "Did Uncle, John know about they'"have to expjerience a culOIL COMPANY ~, moment we had to play. We that?'; Sturteva~t ture to understand it. were mystified over the fact that "Yeah, he told us not to do Just before they pass out in city kids had: all day to thent- it, but we waited until he went the back seat, I say, "Well, you I Est. 1897; selves all summer and wondered down to the fiela and then we probably won't want to go back how they speht it. did it." to the farm next summer." Builders SuppliE~s Same Route (As a suburban mother, 1 They bolt upright, tears ready, South • Sea Streets' 2343 Purchase! Streetl know now'. ;They spend 'the I nodded. Well I remember pouts in place, "Why not?" New Bedfo~d greater share ()f it asking, "What boosting his Uncle Johnny up on , , It's a question I've never been' Tel. 49·81 Hyannis 996-5661: can we, dO?"J I spend a good that same post against our· r.eally able to answer myself. I i I - I !

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BOSTON (NC) - Meinbers of the Melkite rite in the United State's have asked for the reversal of a 1929 Vatican directive forbidding the ordination of. married members of the rite in this country. The request came in a resolution approved by clergy and lay delegates to the 13th annual convention here of Melkite-rite Catholics. The resolution pointed out that in other countries married men are regularly''---ordained in the Melkite rite. A~official of the Melkite-rite diocese, said that the tradition of a married Eastern. rite clergy "goes back almost to apostolic times." The diocese, with headquarters here, has jurisdiction over all Melkite-rite by Catholics in the United States,,, At the same time,' the resolution said, members of the rite have the "highest esteem" for the celibate priesthood. The Mel~. kite clergy traditionally includes celibate priests and men who have been married before ordination. Once ordained, a priest is not allowed to marry. For the first time the annual convention included elected lay delegates, chosen by members of the 25 Melkite parishes in the 'United States. Clergy representatives also participated. The delegates formed a diocesan pastoral council and elected~ix lay council members, including one woman' and a teenager. Also on the council 'are three elected priests, two appointed priests, and two appointed lay persons. Officials of the exarchate ,serve as ex officio members.

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Priests' Senate Opposes Joining Federation

Priest Enlists Senior Citizens'. Prayers III Salvaging Lives of Young'Addicts

LOS ANGELES (NC) - After studying the possibility of joining the National Federation of Priests's Councils for over a year, the Priest's Senate of the Los Angeles archdiocese has passed a resolution vetoing such a move at this time.

ST. PETERSBURG (NC)- His long hair and flowing beard make him stand out in any crowd. But many of those who notice the man walking on the beach in blue jeans and sandals don't realize that he is a priest Father Richard Allen of St. Mary's Church here. Father Allen works with the rejected young - drug addicts, run-aways, unwed mothers, exconvicts-who, with touches of irony and affection, call him "the fat immoral priest." While the priest spends most of his time finding help for the kids, part of his time is spent il'l seeking hell? through the prayers of older people. Father Allen stresses that his work with drug cases is not an evangelical or Jesus-freak campaign. His first role is "no mention of God's name at the beginning." "I don't want a bunch of people on a Jesus trip surrounding a guy on a bad trip, putting their hands on him, and telling him he's going to go to hell. When a kid's on an acid trip, he can see hell. It's more Christlike to bring him down, to take care of the needs of his body, and then offer him Jesus when he is able to talk about Jesus. "God can be big-turn-off for these people I deal with, and all your good intentions aren't worth beans if you can't make that first personal contact." Still, God plays the central role in the ministry of St. Petersburg's street priest. Since he has moved to St. Mary Parish a month ago, Father Allen has been building what he calls a "well of love." The "well" is a prayer group of St. Mary's-made up mostly of older people - who lend home support to Father AlIen's street work.

"Because of the NFPC's present image and stands on certain issues, many priests voted against joining," said Msgr. William Barry, senate president. The senate appointed a committee of seven priests to study the question of NFPC affiliation last year. The group reported that they favored joining by a vote of 5-2 but suggested that all archdiocesan priests be polled on this controversial issue. Material for both sides of the argument was distributed throughout the archdiocese's geographical areas. "Our senate wants every voice to be heard, but with prudent action," Msgr. Barry explained. In polling the 1,500 priests of the archdiocese, the senate received 700 responses. A majority of these responses, 60 per cent, opposed joining NFPC now. Unity With Bishops The archdiocese respondents "weren't against the work of the NFPC but, in their eyes, the group is too much in opposition to the bishops of the country," Msgr. Barry said. "They (the archdiocesan priests) realize that the (group's) image is a reality. The priests don't want this image." He said that while the Los Angeles priests do not oppose all differences of opinion with the hierarchy, they want to maintain "a unity, a frankness" with the bishops. The senate's decision to oppose joining NFPC "at this time" suggested the possibility that the matter will be reconsidered later, and Msgr. Barry said that he expects the debate to be renewed next spring, following the election of a new Senate in January.

Prelate Project

Endorses Equality

PROVIDENCE (NC) - Project Equality, a national alliance of religious organizations to promote fair employment policies, has been endorsed by Bishop Louts E. Gelineau of Providence. The program is designed to promote equal employment opportunities through the buying power 'of churches. Churches and parishioners are urged to pur. chase goods and services exclusively from firms committed in writing to Project Equality employment policies. Participat-, ing firms are listed in the project',s buyer's guide, which now inclu~es 4,500 national and local companies.

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According to Bishop Gelineau, parish council members should actively seek out contractors and suppliers to sign Project Equality 'commitment forms. Parishes "must go beyond simply joining the program by bringing the PE spirit to businesses in the com路 munity," he. said.

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"I do what I can on the street," he explained. "But then I have to take it back to the well. These older people like to hear my experiences, and they've lived long enough to know that whenever somebody needs prayer, prayer works." "And, God, do we need prayers. The job is utterly impossible, but it has to get done." Father Allen's technique is rather simple: and proved to be a success in finding people who urgently need the help of a priest, a counselor, or a doctor. Early in the evening or early in the morning-"it depends on the wind," he says-he gets out and mingles on troubled "beats" in the county. He may begin a day at the local free clinic,where volunteer doctors treat persons suffering from the affects of alcoholism, "quickie" abortions, and drug abuse. Or he may just walk the beach. It doesn't take

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THE ANCHORThurs., July 20, 1972

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The Parish Parade ST. JOHN OF GOD, SOMERSET Lawn Party to benefit the Building Fund for the new church will be held on the evenings of July 28 and 29 and all day on Sunday, July 30. There will be continuous entertainment each evening. Food booths will feature Portuguese foods, and there wiII be grocery booth!;, homemade articles, country store, etc. The fair will consist 01' 28 booths in all and also a Giant Penny Sale and ~arishola on Saturday night. Stub and Door Prizes will be a Cash Award of $100 on Fridav night, and a portable color TV on Saturday night, and $500 cash will be awarded on Sunday night. A Bonus prize of $25 will be awarded nightly. The Be Be Alves Band will play on Friday night, and The Matel-s Band will entertain on Saturday night.

FATHER ALLEN ON PHONE WITH ADVICE long for him to have his hands full. "One afternoon I was going down the beach and I saw this 13-year-old girl throwing herself against the pier," he said. "She was about six-weeks pregnant and was trying to abort her baby." Father Allen approached the girl, named Debbie, and started to talk. "We rapped a while," he recounted, "and I think she was confident enough when we fin-

ished talking to save the child." Father Allen acknowledges that the number one problem of the area's youth is drugs. A special concern is the apparent lack of interest county officials have in the drug problem. Where county officials fail to act, Father Allen said, he feels it is his obligation to move in and help. "These kids are on a real bum trip," he said. "They need someone who cares for them to do something now."

ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST, CENTRAL VILLAGE A Christmas Bazaar will be held from 5 to 8 on Saturday evening, July 22 and from 10 in the morning to 6 on Sunday, . July 23 in the parish hall. It is open to the public and refreshments will be available.

Pamper Hold fast then to this sound and wholesome rule of life, indulge the body only as far as is needful for health. -Seneca

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

Ave~age; Gardener 'Now Able

To Develop Lily Section By Joe and Marilyn Roderick

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We became interested in lillies about five years ago and haveisince experimented with a ~ew that appeal to us. The best: of the lillies we have purchased is ~armony? a Mid-Century hybrid. This is a relatively small hly, growmg about thirty inches hig4 and young men who have the pabearing i~S flowers upright. tience of Job with their students. The stems are strong and aiso helped with 'my dedsion and bear the flowers well, need- suddenly I have become a tennis

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ing no staking. The flowers are full and o~en and are of a vivid cOlbr dotted lightly with orange , I brown spo~s. This is :a rapid producer of bulbs. Wei started with a small order of three bulbs and now have at least ten good heavyproduCing 'stalks and at least twenty less productive and newer stalks. ' What is especially good about lilies is th'at they fill the gap brought a~out by the Summer doidrums in the garden. They bloom at jtist the right time as far as my Igarden is concerned. This lily biooms for me during the first two weeks of July in the sun, artd one week later in the shade. I For year~, lilies were consid· ered "djffitult" flowers to gr<:lW in the garden. This is now 'a thing of th~ past, provided gardeners tak~ advantage of the new vigorous hybrids which have been brought in~o •the marI ket in the past decade. The Mid·CenturY Hybrids are truly beauties arid well·worth looking into by thelaverage gardener. While watching the women's tennis matches from Wimbledon on TV the other evening, I had my. ego jqlted when, I heard twenty·eight-year-old Billie Jean King called the grand old lady , of tennis. Recently I decided that my figure ~eeded more exercise than bending to pick up the million and one items that hit the floor in rrly house, my lungs needed somk excuse for inhaling some fresh kir, therefore I turned to the aforementioned" sport, 1 ' tennis. , , Job: Is the Word The fact: that I discovered a nearby tennis club run by three I

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Superiors Co"ndemn Un-Christian Acts

buff. My weekly lessons have beco'me the high point of my busy schedule and I look forward to them even after the most exhausting day. Because the tennis club is adjacent to an indoor pool my children don't mind the ride down to Newport, (even ....,. though it means watching, Mom make a fool of herself). Between lessons, another patient· m!1le, 1~_. I .'~ Joe, journeys with me to any park courts that we can find FATHER MIKE LYNN WORKING'AMONG THE POOR IN PERU free and until the light gets too dim for us to see, he serves shot I after shot across the net while I vainly practice my forehand or backhand. As of this writing Thomas H. Byrnes Jr. has been will be a barbeque: dinner which the Seminary grounds free of Chris Evert has no competition 'named chairman of the Colum- will be served from 12 noon un- charge and there is no admisfrom this columnist. ban Fathers annual outing and til 8 P.M. Clam chowder, chou- sion charge. The grand prize is a 1972 Even though my poor attempts bazaar to be held at noon on the rico and peppers and other reat becoming a passable tennis grounds at St. Columban's Sem- freshments will als6 be available. Dodge Dart Swinger. Other prizes will include a player may never succeed, like inary Ft:!rry Rd., near Mt. Hope There will be pony and kiddie any other new hobby it opens up Bridge, Bristol on Sunday, July rides for the children, along with color TV ,set, portable 19" TV. a whole 'new vista. of interest. 30. Martin Biancuzzo has been games and entertainment appeal- and $100.00 in cash. Winner I watched the matches from Eng- named co-chairman. need not be present. ing to all ages. Two thousand dollars in cash land with at least some underAmple, parking i$ provided on A special featlire this year prizes will be awarded. Drawings standing of what was going on, , at 4 o'clock for $50, at 5 for' therefore, I enjoyed them more. $100, at -6 for $350, at 7 for And now the news that the same group of female champions who $500 and at 8 o'clok for $1000. Winner must be presen~ for the aroused such interest at Wimble- ' don will appear at Newport durhourly drawings. VIENNA (NC)-Sources close NC News in Vien~a in Deceming the latter part of August to 80-year-old 'Cardinal Josef ber, the cardinal said: "I shall finds me fillea with delight at College .Has First the prospect of watching these Mindszenty disclosed that the tell the truth ~n rhy book and Layman President Hungarian prelate's long-awaited anybody who wants to know it tennis champions perform live. CINCINNATI (NC)-Dr. Robmemoirs, originiilly due to ap- should read the book. I will not While tennis may not be your . pear in book form this year, will speak - of sufferings, because I ert E. Wolverton, graduate tliing, summer is the' time to not be published after all. consider that I wa~ right and a school dean at Miami University. pursue new roads, a time when person who is wit~in his rights Oxford, Ohio, has been named we're blessed with a slower pace A Hungarian-born .university does not suffer. I will simply tell . president of the Colleg~ of Mt. of living and, when a few nice professor here, who declined to • the truth. The book is not ready St. Joseph here. New England days, here and be identified, edited the Cardi- yet, although I am hurrying to He is the first lay president of there lures us out into the gift nal's manuscript for publication. finish it so that iti can be pub- the 52-year-old college for wom6f extended evenings. All in all But, the professor now says~ the lished just as soon as possible." en conducted by the Sisters of its a time of the year when we agreement between the Vatican One of the conditions of the Charity of Cincinnati. have the opportunity to try out and the Hungarian government Vatican-Hungary ~greement is He succeeds Sister Adele Clifthat something new that has al- that resulted' in Clilrdinal Mind- that the cardinal not make 'any ford, S.C., former chairman of ways been in our mind. Why szenty's leaving the U. S. em- statements nor publish anything the Mt. St. Joseph biology denow I even look forward to bassy in Budapest after 15 years regarding his past experiences. in partment, who has been presireading' the sport page. precludes the cardinal from pub- Hungary. dent for the past five years. i· lishing his memoirs. In the Kitchen'

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Agreement Prohibits .Publishin,g Cardinal ·Mindszenty's Metnoirs

Neither the cardinal nor his This is a tasty delightful pastry secretary, Msgr. Alessandro that can be made the evening KINSHASA (NC)-The major Cserto-a Vatican official on superiors of religious orders in before tucked away in the frig loan to the prelate-was avail· .and then baked and filled when Burundi have condemned the able for comment. lack 'of Christianity' they said you have time. Cream Cheese and Butter the recent I bloodshed there reIn an interview given NC vealed.: ' . Turnovers' News in Rome last October, In a 'confidential' note to the Cardinal Mindszenty said: bishops of Burundi, the superiors Yz pound butter "For the past 15 years I have of three communities of Sisters Yz pound cream cheese 2 cups flour had time to collect my memory and four cdmmunities of priests and write everything down." He said: i'Our ~ leaders have never Yz teaspoon .almond extract 1) Cream butter and cream also said then that he felt he been prepared to assume their owed. it to his conscience and to political r¢sponsibilities in a cheese;· add flour and' extract. 2) Chill overnight. Roll out the Church to let the world Christian wfiY." . very thin. know the truth-especi!llly beThey called for increased ef3) Cut with a round cutter, cause he saw widespread misunforts to instill the teachings of fill and turn. over in half. Press derstanding and misinterpretathe Gospel more deeply. sides with a fork. tion of his position and the cir'In late April, a revolt broke 4) Press sides with a fork. cumstances surrounding his opout in Burundi along the coast Bake in 375 oven 15 minutes. position to- the communist reof Lake Tanganyika. The rebels, gime in Budapest. The cardinal Filling armed with axes and machetes, .said at the time that these errokilled about Ia thousand members, 1 jar raspberry jam neous concepts could adversely, ofllie ruling Tutsi tribe, but the ' 1 rounded teaspoon flour affect .the Catholic Church in 1) Stir the jam and flour to- Hungary. revolt was 'quelled by the 'predominantly Tutsi army within 10 together and use to fill turn· In another interview granted days. I overs. ,

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Double Movement Needed For Right to Development When the Synodal Document, Justice in the World, speaks of "the right to development," it poses some extraordinary challenges to the conscience of rich peoplesand most rich people are, by' tradition, Christian, even if, on balance, they have rarely permitted reUgion to inter- been living near the death line. In a world population of less fere with their worldly pur- .than two billion, the vast majorsuits and ambitions. ity were still living in tribal or

By BARBARA WARD

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What would we today, as affluent Atlantic citizens, include in the concept of "development?" Beginning at the beginning, we expect our babies to survive. We no longer accept an annual pregnancy, 16 dead infants and uncounted miscarriages in order to give us the certainty of perhaps three surviving children. Next, we count on these children having enough protein in their diets in early years for their brains to develop fuUy. We then expect to receive at least 12 years of schooling. Literacy we take for granted. In some countries, at least a quarter of the young people will go on to some form of advanced education. We expect that their lives will fill out the fuU Biblical span of 70 years-"three score years and ten." During that time we count on steady employment, rising income, a suitable home and a very wide range of extras-from television to an annual holiday of at least two weeks. Minimum Definition

traditional society-in Africa or Asia or most of Latin Americawith, no doubt, culture and beauty and ethnical traditions but no sanitation, uncertain harvests and short lives. 'Marginal' People But in the Atlantic world, a proletariat of workers and peasants were beginning to be absorbed into the' new technological society of science and industry. They were being dragged out of traditional agriculture and transferred to the squalid horrors of the new industrial cities. Death rates were higher than in the countryside. Pauper children under 10 years old worked in the textile mills and feU to their death in unguarded looms. Women crawled underground pulling coal baskets. The dispossessed hand-weavers died of malnutrition aU oyer Western Europe. In the "H~ngry Forties," cholera hit the cities and famine reduced Ireland's population by two-thirds. These "marginal" people were not yet aware of their "right to development," t.heir right to better wages, better housing, steady work and food. But in despair, in 1848, all over Europe they rose up in rebellion to demand an end to the destruction of. their old way of life before a decent new one had been created.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

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Survey of Catholic Attitudes Planned would be advisory groups representing bishops, pastors and laity." he said.

WASHINGTON (NC) - A na- group. He described the Lutheran tionwide survey of Catholic be- project as "the most extensive liefs, attitudes and values is and carefully designed study on planned by the National Catholic youth and adult beliefs, values Educational Association (NCEA) and attitudes yet undertaken." here. Form Task Foree . Catholic education leaders, as Sppnsored by the Lutheran well as recent Vatican catechetical directives, cite adult educa- Brotherhood, a church-related intion as a top priority for the surance company in Minneapolis, Church, said Dr. George Elford, the study surveyed nearly 5,000 director of NCEA's research de- . Lutherans between the ages of 15 and 65. partment. Results of the survey were "A severe handicap in adult education programming," he printed r~ently in a 416-page noted, "has been the lack of ba- book titled, "A Study of Genesic research in adult religious rations." "By building on this massive values, attitudes and understudy," Elford said, "thorough standing. and sophisticated research. the "Lacking this research," El- cost of which would otherwise ford continued, "adult education have been prohibitive, now beprograms have always been scat- comes a real possibility." tershot or casually designed beElford, said NCEA plans to coming at times boring and often "a task force of 10 reform irrelevant." searchers and religious educaTo help combat this, Elford tors" headed by himself and said, NCEA plans to adapt the Father Alfred McBride. director research instrumentation used in of NCEA's religious' education a recent two-year study con- division. ducted by a Lutheran ~hurch "Attached to' this task force

Parish Needs The task force will conduct a nationwide survey of Catholic beliefs and values which would provide "data of critical importance not only for educational programming but also for larger policy questions facing the American Church," Elford said. The study could be updated every four or five years, he added. NCEA's'task force would also develop "a modified or simplfied instrument for ,parish selfstudy purposes," he said, and the NCEA religious education division "would take up the continuing work of developing materials and programs related to parish needs as indicated both by the national surveys and the parish self-study surveys." Planning for the nationwide survey is "in the initial stages," Elford said, and NCEA is currently seeking funds for the project.

Dignity of Poor

Out of this profound act of Admittedly, even in wealthy revolt, two changes came. On America, 20 per cent of the peo- the one hand, the more comfortple have only five per cent of the able classes who had already national income while the top profited' by the new technolog20 per cent engross as much as ical society began to see that 40 per cent. But the average "de- their monopoly was excessive. veloped" way of life does not in- Factory acts, poor laws, social include prolonged unemployment, surance, public education and living in tarpaper shacks, the housing and later on, compulregular loss of children, no sory wealth sharing through inhealth care, death at 35 or a come and inheritance' taxes, bedestitute old age. gan to mitigate -the privileges Do we believe that people of the fortune. "Laisser faire"have a right to this minimum with .its premium on success for definition of "development?" We the rich and the clever-began can leave out the flossier bene- to be mitigated by more Chrisfits-eolor TV, a car or a sec- tian concepts of compassion and ond car, a swimming pool, a justice. summer home. Does "developOn the other hand, the subment" include enough protein, merged classes began to take a at least primary school, the hope grip on their own destiny. Evanof a job, a roof over the family gelical religion taught dignity head and decent care in old age? and self-respect. Trade unionism It would be hard to put the gave workers the power to barlist any lower. Yet, 10 years gain and resist. "Friendly Socifrom now, not even a third of eties" and cooperatives built up humanity will enjoy this mini- the savings of .the poor. Educamum definition of development. tion began to widen the doors And for the billion and more who to self help. The poorest began live below the subsistence line, to sense their own dignity. the minimum will be simply an This is the double movement "impossible dream." we have to look for today-the Yet the Bishops talk of devel- conscience of the rich and the opments as a "right." What do assertive dignity of the poor. they mean? Irascibility Perhaps the most useful way The worst-tempered people to look at the problem is historicaUy. If I l)ad been writing this I've ever met were people who column in, say, the early 1840's, knew they were wrong. . -Mizner two kinds of people would have

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Enclosed is my special gift of $ for those in the missions who need my help, especially this summer.

Name

Addres~.

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(plea,e print)

State

City

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• REMEMBER THE SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE FAITH INYOUR WIll.

••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Salvation and Service are the work of

The'Society I~r the Propagation 01 th~ Faith Send your gift to: Most Rev. Edward T. O'Meara National Director Dept. C. 366 Fifth A venue . OR New York, New York 10001

The Rev. Monsignor Raymond T. Considine Diocesan Director 368 North Main Street Fall River, Massachusetts 02720

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

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KNOW YOUR FAITH ~heEco,logy of Wo~ship

"The seeq that falls on good ground (i.e. in good ecology) will yield a fruitful harvest." (Luke 8: 8). I ' A deadly, environment may mean dead, people. The smog scares of recent years are more than fright tactics. Air pollution alerts remind us that our lungs have only so much tolerance for noxious fum'es. News photos of ,humans shie(ding their faces with handkerchie~s and surgical masks

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ons, and new rites such as in Baptism, re-arranged the old environment. Presidential chairs, Blessed Sacrament altars and chapels, the removal of excessive and sometimes distrac,ting pictures and, 'statues, prominent Baptismal fonts, the admission of striking new forms of architecture such as oval buildings with curved space and of windows that revealed fresh freedom of expression are all examples of the -initial stage of cleaning up the environment of worship. Needed Advances The improvement of the visiBy I ble shapes was the first step. FR. AL~ But many other ecological advances are needed. I will menMcBRIDE tion only three here. We still neeq good sermons, good music and good gestures to help produce the goal' of a worshiping in business ,and theater centers community. Effective sermons will come witness the simple fact that a when the preachers know their killing environment can murder. I God, their people and their Bible. people. I What is true in the ecology of Meditation is the road to the nature is also true .in the ecology knowlege of God. Visitation is of worship.: If an Andromeda the avenue to knowing people. Strain is allowed to prevail at Contemplation is the key to the altar, the worshipers will knowing the Bible. The evanprobably have eyes like tomb- gelical power of a good sermon stones and I hearts as cold as blends the presence of God. comserum store'd in an ice tray. passion for people and the Much is saki about people being dynamism of the scripture into obliged to worship God, but not a summons to faith, hope and about offiCial love. enough is said I Effective singing results from liturgists providing the, prop~r attention to home truths. Averenvironment: for worship. The liturgical reforms promot- age voices cannot soar to high ing vernacular, a variety of canturn to Page Seventeen

Celebrate Life" seems to be a phrase of th;is age. To do this it is necessary to: o hoose E'vents Leading Entirely Beyond R' outine I Actions To E, veryone Two elements suggested by the word "celebration" are: 1, something out or the ordinary daily routine; an~ 2,. dlJ.'le witha ~~f::rf~f;%~r~]:'%."%x"1:1}.:;,.

By

./ JOAN HEIDER

group of people. One usually does' not think of calling one man's overuse of alcohol .within the confines of' 'his own room a celebration. 'He may privately experience s()me of the feeling of happiness which a true celebration produces. However, the lack of sharing it with others does not lead to calling it a celebllition. The inability to have a celebration can also be caused

The Parish--A Place to Learn,

II

By DR. LAWRENCE LOSONCY

Many people today are asking if parishes and parish structures have become outmoded and in _ need of replacement. Such a question is a clear sign of un'happiness with the parish, a sign that yet another parishioner is finding it difficult to be a parish· ioner or perhaps distasteful to be a parishioner. Years ago people considered themselves lucky to be a parishioner because they had learned to belong. The parish, years ago, was a raucous, fun, warm, inspiring, protecting sort of reality. People lived there who had always lived there. In the parish school there were often teachers who had taught the parents of their students. Oftentimes the pastor wi,tnessed the marriage of yo'ung men and women he had baptized; sOJlletimes he baptized, married, and buried a whole generation of people, becoming in succession a hopeful, happy, and then grieving-but wise-father. Years ago the parish, ,which for its members meant the SCENE OF ~EW PARISH HALL: Many people today Church, was, as Father Eugene Kennedy once remarked, the are asking if parjshes and parish structures have becom.e place where, when you had to go outmoded and in 'need of replacement. Some parishes are there, they had to let you in. It opening up places in which a parishioner can find "a place resembled family in that you to learn." NC Photo. knew what it was but you found it hard to define. You knew you Learning Community belonged. When you wanted to game. Parishes, hOfever, were The parish today, like the parleave or get out you--""'f.ound it no game. They wer as real ~s next to impossible, and when families, and they were central ish of old, can be a learning you wanted back in, 'they found identifying realities for the ma- community and a believing comjority of people whQ constituted munity for the simple reason it impossible to keep you out. the membership. ' Turn to Page Seventeen Security and Growth You learned, without anyone actually saying so, that this was your place in the scheme of· things, that you belonged, that if by an over concern about the you got out of line there wou,ld routines of daily living. be trouble. One, other thing you A -little over a ye~r ago I left going every night of the week in For many of us it is much learned was that no mat'ter how the Washington office of the the rectory, at the school, and more in keeping' with our life atrocious or obnoxious your at- , Liturgy Secretariat for the Na- within parishioners' homes. style to wash dishes, windows, titude or your behavior, you tional Conference of Catholic These activities, however effecand clothes or to work extra would still belong. There were Bishops and became past.or of tive and valuable they may be, hours for extra money than it is, black sheep and white sheep but Holy Family Church inFulton. still touch only a fraction of the to call' a group together for an we were all sheep because there During these months' in the par~, people in that parish. Sunday is outing to break the routine. The was one flock. where we meet all the people, important aspect of celebration , Such was the genius of creatspeak to them, pray with them, is not to escape realities. It is ing Roman Catholic parishes cenand, we hope, move them on to that one takes time with others ,turies ago. The parish was geoBy higher things. for an enriching life-experience. 'graphically and hence, perma'That fact carries with it a It is seldom after one has taken nently defined. But the members' FR. JOSEPH M. highly pragmatic consequence: the time to participate in a cel- of the parish were live people in the allocation of time, effort CHAMPLIN ebration that one does not have who came and went in their and money, the Sunday liturgy to admit: "We' surely had a nice journey through life. Hence, the should rank at the top of our time. We'll have to do that parish acquired both a sense of' priority list. again sometime." permanancy (security) and _~W4_®Wr.h~"''iSV,",,~· Quality Sermons Integrated Living movement (growth). , ish ministry, certain: fundamenPeople judge prie::;ts and parOur lives should be large While pastors were given im· tal principles or truths have , enough to have room for all the mense responsibility (power) emerged from my ,experience. ishes largely by the quality of elements of life-work, prayer, ,they were also checked and bal- Most were reassuring confirma- preaching. Young persons who and recreation. As we work to- anced by diocesan officials and Hons in practice of what I had drift away from Sunday Mass ward broadening our experiences by. the existence of neighboring strongly believed iIi theory; a offer as the reas()n for 'their abin each of these areas, we be- parishes. The pastor was wedded few represented new insights in- sence "irrelevant or poor sermons." Conversely, a church come more integrated people. to his parish, whereas the parish- to concepts wbich really should whose preachers deliver wellTo begin with we all live three ioners could move to another have been obvious.: Here are prepared, interesting and contemseparate lives-a work life, a parish. The parishioners could some of those norms: porary (the gospel applied to prayer Hie, and a recreational never be physically forced out of The parish revolves arouild life. It is only after repeated ex- the parish, whereas the pastor Sunday worship. Life in a Cath- life' here and now) homilies nor· mally witness a return to the periences of each that we can could be transferred. olic Christian congregation is fold of sheep who had for a begin to see how they can be People who lived in these par- more or less active depending integrated to make one Christian ishes experienced a certain or- upon the leadership 'qualities of short 'or long period stayed away from the weekly Eucarist. life-style. derliness, a certain set of rule,s the priests and the temperament This observation likewise leads J,esus had this all accomplished and procedures which seldom, if or make-up of pers6ns in that , us to another painfUlly practical in the examples of celebrating ever, varied. It was' like the parochial situation. Churches life which he has left us. An army in' that the rules never with extremely well-orga.nized conclusion. Priests (and deacons) no longer can consign preparaTurn to Page Eighteen changed, ,just the players of the programs may have something Turn to Pa&e Eighteen

Celebrating Life

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II .Some Fun~lamental Principles

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'English ,Ancestral 'Names' Provides Unusual Fun

ThHE ANCH,ORT urs., Ju y 20, 1972

Surnames are endlessly fascinating. We puzzle over their origins. There are Blacks who are white, and Whites who are black. There are Longs who are short, and Shorts who are long. Not to mention Riches who are poor, and Poors who are rich. Ho"w come? In English Ancestral By far the largest and most Names (Potter, Ne'w York, varied ca~egories of names are NY $10)' J R D (' l' t those derIved from employment .. . ~ . . .0 an IS S as potters or as smiths. The

Continued from Page Sixteen that it is a community. The parish today, like the few large families with uncles and aunts who still come toget/ler, is still closer to the tribal approach to life than it is to the business approach to life. Not all or even most parishes have yet been "efficiencied" into the computer age. The parish can 'still be the reality which we can experience, the reality in our experience which teaches us who we are, why we are, that we are important, that we are loved and cared about, and that we must do our share for others. These are the central experiences of community, and they speak to the central yearnings of all people. The central experience of parish has not so much been tried of late and found wanting. Rather,it has been found hard and not tried, to use words of Chesterton. Parishes are like life itself in some ways. They certainly teach the great lessons of life, because they operate on the central principles of life itself: you will get out of your parish only what you 'Put into your parish. You will begin to learn from the community called parish just when you finally thought you knew it all.

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names

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tUrIes ago. The derIvatIOn of '~B'M@kUimIft'U~

By

RT. REV. MSGR.

JOHN S. KENNEDY

many is obvious, but many others afford no little surprise. According to Mr. Dolan, surnames were unknown in England until after the Norman conquest in 1066. Previously, thel Anglo-Saxons went to gteat lengths to provide everyone with a unique name, one especially made up borne by no other, not even an ancestor. Curiously, saints' names were not used. How it Was Done After the Norman conquest, saints' names came into use. And about 1086, surnames came accidentally into being. William the Conqueror had by then organized England in a way unprecedented. Crafts unknown before were introduced from France. The economy was signally changed. Thereupon the king decided that a census was necessary, to insure that everyone taxable was taxed, and tax rolls were introduced. The result was the socalled Domesday Book, two huge handwritten volumes which are still preserved. In these records, people had to be differentiated. In one hamlet or village, for example, there might be three men named Robert. How tell them apart? Give them the equivalent of surnames. There were four ways of doing this. One y.oas by roughly indicating a man's address (there were, of course, no gtreets, much less house numbers). A man might be identified as Robert Applegate, meaning that he was the Robert who lived near a gate close to an apple tree. A second method was by noting a relationship. One Robert would become Robert Johnson, because he was the son of a man named John, whereas another Robert, whose father's name was Matthew, become Robert Matthewson. In some cases, with the passage of time, Johnson was contracted to Johnes, and Matthewson to Matthews. A third method was by way of nicknames. A !nan with no royal blood whatsoever might be referred to as King because in one of the pageants beloved by the peasantry he played the role of a king. It is to the fourth method that Mr. Dolan devotes all blit the introductory section of the book. This, as indicated above, was to tag a man by means of livelihood.

The Parish

smiths inciuded (and this is only a very small sampling of 'what Mr. Dolan has to offer) horsenail makers, locksmiths, knife makers, armor makers, goldsmiths, brassworkers. From these and other occupations as smith have come hundreds of names, as Mr. Dolan specifically indicates. Tyler, Cooper The many sources of now familiar surnames include sports, ,university personnel, bookbinding and the Church (Bishop, Can'non, Chaplin; Shriver, Abbot, Porter, etc.). Many a proud name had a lowly origin. Kellogg, for example, is a corruption of Kill Hog, and its first bearer was no gentleman but hog slaughterer. Byron, l3oothe, and Coward all alike derive from designations of cattle tenders. Marshall stems from an attendant of horses, and Gosselin from a supplier of goose feathers and tipping arrows. The first Tyler was a layer of tiles; the first Loomis, a maker of looms; and the first Cooper, a maker of barrels. A book which one first regards as a curiosity quickly proves itself a storehouse of information and provider of unusu~l, fun

a

No Fun Here There is no fun in Arnold Beichman's Nine Lies About America (Library Press, New York, N. Y. $7.95). This is an angry book. Mr. Beichman has good reason for displeasure, but his explosiveness prevents him from cooly dissecting the sophistry to which he takes exception. In his introduction he writes, "The state of America today is that of a country about which more lies are told by Americans than were ever dreamt of in Moscow, Peking, or ,Havana." A tall order. _Moreover, "this lying through the perversion of language or distortion of fact is now widely accepted as a normal state of affairs." Some of the lying is done in the "underground press," which is not underground at all but hawked on street corners and easily available at newsstands. The principal lies which Mr.. Beichman is out to nail are these: "America is a fascist country," "America means genocide," "the. Bomber Left is a moral force," "the American worker is a 'honky,''' "our political system is a fraud," "American values are materialistic," "the American people are guilty," "America needs a violent revolution." Most of these propositions are patently false; about some, distinctions are in order. The book seems to demolish all of them. Fanatical Movements Mr. Beichman does not hold the United States to be perfect, nor does he rule out all criticism. But he endorses George Kennan's dictum t!1at "exaggeration of admittedly existing evils

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The Ecology of Worship Continued from Page Sixteen Es, or bounce on tricky rhythms -be they guitar or organ. Nor can such voices absorb new music every week. The majority of our congreg3.tions have average voices. Besides, years of silent Masses have taught them to lose confidence in singing at all. Suggestion: Hold old fashioned song and hymn sessions in family rooms around the parish until your people build up singing courage and a repertory that will make the windows rattle with a glorious noise unto the Lord. Effective gestures proceed from a sense of reverence. The stilted formality of former days now yields to the senseless informality of our time. Real reverence appears in neither form. The first step in acquiring reverence is to keep in mind that we stand before God's mystery which induces within us a sense of awe. Reverence I don't pretend to know what a"re the special shapes that reverence should take. All I know is

that if you bow your head, or stretch out your arms in welcome, or offer your hand in peace, the element of reverence must be present or else the external gesture :s a hollow shape. A deadly sermon numbs the attention of the listeners. A lethal music cauterizes singers' hearts. Sloppy and irreverent gestures teach the people that God is only making frivolous demands-not to be taken seriously. I -suggest that our official liturgists attend worship from the pews to see how they would endure another man's sermon, or like the un singable music, or enjoy the chill of thoughtless gestures. This should inspire some insight on the need for a proper ecology in worship. Guitars; stand-up communions, and peace handshakes are not enough. Deeper issues are at stake. God in the sermon, the Spirit in the song, Christ in the gesture.

Says People Face Double Threat SYDNEY (NC)-Catho.lic parthe hope that their children "will come to adult years in a world that is not being poisoned by the misuse of progress or which is forever being threatened with destruction by the misuse of science," Archbishop James Freeman of Sydney said at a school blessing ceremony here. "We are being subjected to that double threat now-increasi!1g pollution on the one hand, the arms race on the other. "We pray that in their time the children of today will be spared from both. "At the present time many people are disturbed by the continuation of nuclear tests in the world and their mounting protests are a symptom of their growing anxiety." ents~herish

Charity Urged

MILWAUKEE (NC)-The Mil~ ELECTRICAL waukee archdiocesan priests' Contractors has regularly formed the initial ' senate has called for chafitable basis for fanatical political treatment of former priests and movements, including the totali- a recognition by prospective employers of "the broad spectrum tarian ones." One would wonder how any- of talents and expertise of these one could expect to be credited men." Noting that priests who (and not to be discredited) when leave the active ministry have calling ours .a fascist country. It made "'serious and often paiIlful is clear from experience what the moral. decisions," the senate said constitutive features of fascism it respects "the fact that tl1ese 944 County St. are, and none of the requisites men have followed the dictates New Bedford of their consciences." are in force here. There is much good sense in what Mr. Beichman has to say, and much that punctures the arrant and arrogant nonsense which often passes as moral judgment in America. But Mr. Beichman is frequently overasat sertive and annoyingly shrill. In too many places his argument is not well organized, and some pages are simply chaotic. A corrective and an antidote such 'as he undertakes to provide are 115 WILLIAM ST. NEW BEDFORD, MASS. welcome; they need not be so raw.

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.:..THE A~CHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thu~. July 20, 1972 . . . . ~

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Cites Reasons for Clergy To Sta'y Out of Politics 1 can think of three good reasons whythe clergy should stay out of politics. None of these are theoretical reasons; I ~on't see anything in the nature of the priesthood that dictates that a priest not become a political leader. My reasons are rather pragmatic, even "political" ones~ But seen on Chicago television recently. presumably to a mliln who A community organization in fancies himself a politician, which a young priest is the such reasons would be even more important than theological reasons. First of all, there is the classic

By -

REV. ANDREW M":,';:m GREELEY

leading figure was confronting the mayor over an ordinance on bond issues. The priest was berating the mayor in fierce, moralistic language about what was. being done to the people of Chicago. The mayor listened patiently and managed to edge in, "Father, did you read the ordinance?" The priest did not reply but' c,ontinued to denounce the ordinance. Like every good politician would, the mayor saw he had found a weak point. .He intervened again, "Father, did you read the ordinance?" "No, 1 didn't," the priest stumbled' and then added lamely, "I read a summary of it." He returned to the attack and the mayor's -timing, operating flawlessly now, l~t him go on. Finally, the mayor ended the exchange, "What kind of a priest are you? You come down here and say all these things about me and you didn't even read the ordinance?" ' What kind of a priest indeed? An honest one. it is to be supposed, thdugh his honesty would make professional politicians writhe. But his excuse, later offered by the TV 'commentators, that he hadn't been able to read the o'rdinance because he was busy with church duties is one of the lamest examples of a clericalist cop-out 1 have ever heard. Because of his religious duties he should be excused from responsible professional behavior? If this isn't a plea for the political equivalent of the clerical discount, I have never heard one. Embarrassing Laity

"Catholic action" argument advanced by such teachers of mine as Reynolq Hillenbrand, Edward _Marciniak, and George Higgins: involveme:qtin politics is especially pertinent"' for those who are part of the nonclerical people of Oo~. The priest's role is to train them, and inspire and sustain them. If' be assumes the , role of a political leader he displaces a layman from such a position and deprives the laity of the training,challenging and supporting role he can playas a priest. This argument may not be persuasive in al1 circumstances but it should certainly give a priest pause before he begins to look for a 'precinct organization. - Secondly, as political leaders priests tend to be \losers. Partly because they are. politically inept and partly because they turn people off, priest-politicians frequently hurt the causes they support. , Now if you are convinced that politics is about taking stands and losing' with honor and dignity, there is nothing wrong. with But more than that must be being a clerical loser. But if you said. He disgraced the church are convinced, as ); am, that poli- and humiliated the priesthood tics are about winning, about . that day in city hall. How could the acquisition and use of power' anyone storm into city hall and in order to accomplish social denounce public officials in change, then the priest-loser (the strong, emotional language about ' ultimate in the hyphenated cler- 'an ordinance that he had not ic?) is politically irrelevant. even read? A professional politician wouldn't dare act that way. 'Congressional Outcast' The priest was freeloading on But, say the worshipers of cler- his clerical status. ical politicians, didn't Father An ordinary politician who Dririan win, a congressional elec- had made such a mistake would' tion? First of ail, Robert Drinan be finisheo and would quietly is an extremely s9phisticated and discreetly get out of politics. lawyer who has forgotten more He would be the laughing stock about politics than most priests of all his colleagues. But there will ever learn, He is not just a is not a ghost of a chance of this cut above the ordinary priest clergyman getting out, or even who messes around in politics; of his admitting that he might he is light years ahead of them. have been guilty of an intolerNevertheless, he is something able blunder. He will go on his of a congressional' outcast, rele- merry way embarrassing the gated to an irrelevant committee Catholic laity, and shaming many whose fundamental purpose he of ,the rest of us in the priestrejects. Does he have more in- hood. fluence no~ 'tllan when he was 1 am not necessarily in favor Dean of the Boston College Law of the ordinance he was opposSchool? 1 rather doubt it. ing. That is scarcely the point. Finally, most of the new wave What I am in favor of is the of "involve<;! priests" don't seem realization that if you are going to know anything about how to play with the big boys, you politics work and don't really act like a big boy and not fall seem interested in learning. A back on your Roman collar when classic example of this could be the going gets rough.

SILHOUETTE OF A NUN: Are some parish communities becoming fragmented into separate st~reotypes at the expense of communication and the religious growth of children? NC Photo. '

Some Fundamental PrincipllBS Contiriued from Page Sixteen tion for the Sunday sermon to Saturday night at the movies. The man whose multiple activities leave little time or energy for reading, prayer, and reflection needs to make some drastic cut-backs in his schedule. Good as any project may seem, it cannot compare in importance with preaching God's word nor s'llould it interfere with the hours required to f\:llfill this serious tesponsibility. Sensitive, Liturgies Individuals are very disposed for worship at the critical moments, of their, lives. These crucial times are the occasions of birt.h, death, sickness, guilt and love. Translated into liturgical terms this means the rituals for baptism, marriage, and funerals, the ceremony for~nointing of the sick, and the sacrament of Pen'ance, Sensitive, ,personal liturgies in these circumstances make lasting 'impressions upon partcipants. One never forgets the priest who celebrated well a parent's funeral, who made the wedding, service a joyful event, who helped lift the heavy burden of guilt from an anxious heart. ,/ Parental Sharing Teachabl<;l' moments are also ideal liturgical moments. Today's catechetical programs路quite beautifully stress parental involvement in the teaching of youngsters. They seek, to do so at those times - Baptism, First Communion, First Confession, and Confirmation - when both parents and children are ready for something extra religionwise. The more intimate the connection between these worship and instruction efforts, the better. Lay Participation Priests ideally should engage the total parish community in both planning and executing the liturgy. A corps of lay lectors is a fine start along this road of active participation, but the goal

in my mind reaches far beyond that limited horizon. 1 envision here such elements as a' parish liturgy committee' which plans with the priests - and, musicians the ,Sunday wors~ip programs; I am thinking of, people who make vestments, eteate banners, bake altar breads; ,:1 have before my eyes also the well-trained ushers, ,the families in offertory' processions, the children at a Confirmation Mass' or classroom Eucharist. This list could go' on,' of course, but the point is that the more parishioners that play a pari in the initial preparation and final execution of any; liturgy, the more fruitful will! be that cel-' ebration. The new Roman Missal has this to say abo'ut that point: "It is of greatest importance that the celebration of the Mass, the Lord's Supper, be so arranged that the ministers and the faithful may take their own proper part in it and thus gain its fruits more fully. '

C~tholic

Daughtrers Cite NewspQper!i NEW YORK (NC)-Two daily newspapers, The Cleveland Plain Dealer and The Detroit News will receiv,e citati6ns from th~ Catholic Daughters of America for their stand in banning ads for X-rated movies. The awards are to be presented during the group's national ~on颅 vention July 15-21 in Atlantic City, N. J.

Endorse ~haYez Lettuce Boycott WASHINGTON (NC)-The Social Development Committee of the U. S. Catholic Conference (USCC) has endorsed the boycott of iceberg lettuce called by Cesar Chavez' United Farm Workers Union. The committee said that a "fundamental issue of social justice" is at stake in the union's efforts to organize workers and negotiate with lettuce growers in California and Arizona. ' The union, which sponsored a successful boycott of California grape~ in the late 1960s, called the lettuce boycott in May. It wants its supporters to refuse to buy iceberg lettuce unless it bears a label with the union's black Aztec eagle symbol. Chavez cited the failure of negotiations with the growers as the basic reason for the boycott. "Further complicating the problem," a social development committee statement said, "is the fact severe and repressive anti-, labor'legislation has already been enacted in Arizona and similar legislation is being sponsored in several other states." ' The Arizona law bans secon'dary boycotts by unions arid aI-lows courts to halt strikes scheduled for the harvest time. Union leaders said these provisions would cripple their efforts. In its statement, the ~ommit颅 tee said it wants "to bring about collective bargaining and a just settlement of the dispute."

Celebrating Life Continued from Page Sixteen evident example is the wedding feast at Cana. First, of all, he took the time to attend. Secondly, he enjoyed the elements of the wedding celebration. Thirdly, he fulfilled both his divine nature and his mother's wishes in performing the miracle of changing the water into wine. Compared with work in our sense, performing miracles was really part of Christ's work. He had all the elements of his life represented in this single true celebration. How did he do it? It was part of anything else, through repeated similar experiences.

CHAS. F.

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See Education I,:, ~ndia Heading Toward Crisis NEW DELHI (NC) - Student unrest in Indian colleges is snowballing into an avalanche. Dissatisfaction among c.ollege teachers lends impetus to student agitations. Both students and teachers agree that the present traditional type of education in schools and colleges is illsuited to needs of a developing country. No one, h;)wevcr, has yet come up with any scheme for a new type of education. In this situation student unrest is channelled off in subsidiary issues such as the riots at Aligarh Moslem Univcrsity over changes in the charter, and the current controversy in Kerala state between thc government and private colleges about student fees. The dcmand of \ the youth wing of the Congress party for nationalization of 120 private colleges in Kerala state is largely a matter of dissatisfaction with teachers and the curricula rather than with the principals. In May the Xavier Board of Higher Education convened a, three-day forum at Cochin to delve into "Education for Social Change," a euphemism for changing education to fit social needs. Thirty of the top Catholic educators in the country, including college principals and two university vice chancellors, tried to take a comprehensive view of the issues. Piece-meal remedies, they said, will not cure the crisis in education. Low Standard "This crisis," they said, "is rcf1ected in the failure to remove illiteracy from the majority of the Indian people, the limited number of children attending school, the low' standard of education, and the serious difficulties that university education has run. into, beset with problems of falling standards, wastage, and mounting unemployment among graduates and unrest among students." Education in India, they pointed out, is essentially designed for upper-class society and divorced from the real needs of the masses. As a result, 80 per cent of the university graduates are from the richest 20 per cent of Indian society. Radical Changes Without a far-reaching and radical change in this power structure, it will not be possible for the majority to enjoy even the minimum standard of living, not to speak of "opportunities for material and cultural advancement." The forum came out strongly for radical social changes. It demanded an egafiterian society as the primary goal, in which all have an equal opportunity. But this is only possible by completely eliminating monopoly capitalism, feudalism, foreign finance capital and non-Indian technology, it said. The domination of the authoritarian elite in education and the socio-political system in general must be removed, it added.

rHE ANCHORThurs., July 20, 1972

19

Diocese Studies Priest Shortage

SERVING DUAL PURPOSE: Peter and Steven Paulino ride Daisy, the pride of the St. Vincent de Paul Overnight Camp in Adamsville under the watchful care of seminarian-counselors Joseph Costa, right, and Joseph Viveiros, left. At the end of the camp season Daisy will fulfill her second role and go to a new owner who will be the winner of reffle sponsored by the CYO and the Nazareth Camp.

Nun Says Israel 'Land of Peace, Love' ROME (NC)-Israel is a "land of peace and love" even though it "is a country still at war," according to a Dominican Sister ' who recently returned from there with a group of Catholic educators from the United States. Sister Rose Thering, a staff member of the Institute of Judaeo-Christian Studies at Seton Hall University in New Jersey, led a two-week tour of 30 ArneI'路 ican professors and teachers to Israel ,for the third annual Menora Institute. The institute is an outgrowth of the Seton Hall program and was founded by the JudaeoChristian Studies director, Msgr. John N. Oesterreicher, in joint ,sponsorship with' the AntiDefamation League of B'nai B'rith to foster closer knowledge and relations between Jews and Catholics. Sister Rose described the Menorah institute as a "practical way of implementing the Second Vatican Council's declaration on the Jews." She said that the institute, by bringing together selected educators for a two-week study period each year, aims at develop-' ing for "these teachers of teachers what the statement on the Jews told us Catholics about the Jews; that is, they have the promises and the covenant and that they are most dear to God." Definite Bond

Wearing a plain green, sleeveless dress, and a small silver pin with. the word "Remember" in Hebrew in commemoration of the six million Jews killed by the Nazis, Sister Rose talked animatedly about the .visit to Israel and the work of the Menorah Institute. This year was the first time the institute was held outside of Vacation the United States. Throughout A vacation is a sunburn at the visit the group heard lectures premium prices. -Chadwicke , on a variety of aspects of Jew-

ish and Israeli history, religion and society as well as stopping at the main shrines of the Holy Land. "Through lectures and study we noted that the Jewish people had a definite bond with the land of Israel throughout the centuries," Sister Rose said. "Also we had the opportunity in the holy city of Jerusalem and throughout Israel to see that it is a land of peace and love in spite of the fact that it is a country still at war." At General Audience , Members of the group talked to Christians, Arabs and Jews every day of the visit, she said. "Not only 'did we talk with them but in the old city of Jerusalem at the Western Wall-the most Jewish sacred place-we prayed with them, both Jews and Arabs," she went on. "While we were praying at the Western WaN, the Moslems were praying in their tradition and the sounds mingled."

Community Service Director Named WASHINGTON (NC)-Michael E. Menster has been named executive director of the National Catholic Community Service, member agency of the USO.. Menster, a former Peace Corps volunteer, is a native of Canton, Ohio. He was made executive director of the USO Center in Naples, Italy, in 1966' and later 'had his responsibilities enlarged to include the Western Mediterranean. In 1969 he became director of the USO Center, in Tokyo. Alice Collins has been named NCCS director of porgram. Miss Collins began her NCCS career in 1952 and has served as assistant director in seven USO centers.

Another instance of harmony in Jerusalem Sister Rose cited was the assignment of a land deed in the city of Vienna for a new "garden of the blind." At the ceremony, she said, "there were Jewish and Arab children, all of them Isn~ ."lis, taking part." She described it as perhaps "the most moving event of the visit." In Rome the group attended a general audience of Pope Paul VI and were acknowledged by name. After the audience Sister Rose and Dr. Joseph L. Lichten, one of the' early backers of the Menorah Institute and now a consultant on international affairs for the B'nai B'rith living in Rome, visited the Pope briefly.

Start Basque Study Program in Idaho BOISE (NC) - An open-air Mass of thanksgiving in the Basque language attended by 1,000 people marked the launching of a Basque studies program in Idaho. Ba,sque residents of the state succeeded in raising funds to m'atch a $10,000 federal grant for the program. Earlier 4,500 people gathered here for a Basque festival featuring cultural displays. The Basque ethnic group, mostly from Spain, has held regular festivals as means of keeping new generations fluent in their language, and of fostering their Catholic traditions.

GREEN BAY (NC)-A shortage of priests in this northern Wisconsin diocese may lead to a sharing of priests by small parishes and the use of lay administrators in large parishes. Those conclusions were part of a preliminary manpower study !Jy the diocesan personnel committee. The study will be considered by the diocese's 12 episcopal vicars in September before being implemented. The Official Catholic Directory shows that the total number of priests in the diocese dropped from 544 in 1970 to 520 in 1971, and the ciocesan study reported not enough new priests will be ordained in the near future to meet diocesan needs. The study says that despite these problems parishes "cannot be discarded or destroyed in summary fashion" and parishes should be closed only for "very good reasons" ' To avoid unnecessary closings of parishes and missions, the study suggested a variety of approaches, many of which involved the increased use of the laity. Large parishes could hire lay administrators, the study said. This would give priests more time for pastoral duties, the study said. Priests are trained for pastoral work, the study said, and they should not devote too much time to other aspects of parish work. The study also advises all parishes to develop parish councils and school boards and to involve lay persons in the liturgy.

Italian Eucharistic Congress Scheduled ROME (NC)-Pope Paul may take part in Italy's 18th National Eucharistic Congress, which m'eets in the northern city of Udine Sept. 10 to 17. Bishop Luigi Boccadoro of Montefiascone, chairman of the Eucharistic Congress' permanent committee, stated at a press conferenc:e that the Pope' is studying the possibility. The Vatican-press officer, Fede路 . rico Alessandrini, said in reply to a query: "No decision has been taken."

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20

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. July 20, 1972

KNOW THE SIGNSFOIL THE· ADDICT

Diauram of a druuabuser ·1

Redness and watering of eyes -glue'sniffing Red, raw nostrils -sniffing cocaine Running nose ...o.heroin, morphine, codeine

I

Constant licking of lips to keep them moist resulting in chapped raw lips -amphetamines

.

Profuse perspiration and body odor -amphetamineSI

I

Long sleeve garments ~orn Cl:>nstantly to hide needle "tracks" - heroin or methedrine I

Tremor of hands -amphetamines

Drastic loss of weight . -heroin, opium

'.

l

Sunglasses worn at inappropriate times and places ·hiding dilated pupils-LSD

Staggering, disoriented -barbiturates

". ".

I

These are a few of the signs that may indicate that a young person could be abusing drugs or using narcotics: While these symptoms are not proof of drug abuse (most ; could occur for several other reasons}, they should serve to alert parents and friends that a problem' may' exist-. If you're not sure, talk with your family physician. If you su~pect, ask your child point blank, "Are you taking drugs?" . It's a sad thing to have to a$k someone you love, but saying: "Goodbye" is even sadder still.

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Fall River, Mass.,Thursday,July20,'1972 Vol 16 No 29 In • ,. © 1972 The Anchor AnAnchor01the Sou'~ SureandFirm-St. Paul Bishop Cronin has co...

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