Page 1

Collegiality in Church Government

His Views

Belgian Cardinal ft»re~(fJnd~

OAKLAND (NC) - Leo Cardinal Suenens of Malines-Brussels, Belgium, has responded to criticisms of his remarks calling for a fuller exercise of collegiality in Church government. In a mail interview with the Catholic Voice, Oakland diocesan newspaper, Cardinal Suenens spoke of the views he had earlier expressed in the French Catholic periodical, Informations CatholiQues Internationales. In the French magazine, the 64-year-old Belgian cardinal criticized the election of popes by the college of cardinals itself. He said all who are affected by a decision of the Church should be involved in what he called the "decision-making," though not necessarily in the "decision-taking." After the French magazine interview, there were press reports of a letter from members of the college of cardinals to

Cardinal Suenens, whose views the other cardinals criticized. The letter reportedly was signed by Eugene Cardinal Tisserant, dean of the college of . cardinals; Jean Cardinal Villot, papal secretary of state and Gabriel Cardinal Garrone, prefect of the Congregation of Catholic Education. Cardinal Tisserant . has confirmed only that he sent Cardinal Suenens a letter but he refused to disclose its contents. The California interview: Q. Cardinal Suenens, would you have said the same thing if the Pope had been Pope John XXIII instead of Pope Paul VI? A. Exactly the same. This is not a matter of individuals but rather of functions. Q. Are you not commenting on the Curia as a "whole" when, in fact, there are members of the Curia of various viewpoints? A. I have said from the outset that to classify them as a single bloc would be an oversimplification.



Q. Have you received any criticism on your recent interview from any of the hierarchy in Rome? A. Yes, from some Cardinals in private letters. Q. What are the main criticisms that have been leveled against your positions as expressed in the interview? A. Well, some people feel that I am attacking persons, when I am speaking only of functions. They seem to feel my comments about the papal nuncios have been personal attacks. My intention was not at all . to discuss persons nor local situations in the present or the past but the difficulties of the role of a papal nuncio in the post-concHar church, especially in regard to the nomination of Bishops where the role of the nuncio is, in practice, decisive. Because of that the theology of a nuncio is vital, and by "theology" I mean LEO CARDINAL SUENENS the vision of understanding Archbishop of Malines-Brussels which the nuncio has of the



Church in the world of today. It will be according to that criterion that the nuncio will favor the person he feels is the right man for the place. It happens only accidentally that under the present system of appointments the vision or liberty of actions of a nuncio is better than that of the local hierarchy. I rejoice at that happy accident, of course, but this function of a nuncio must be seen and studied in normal circumstances, and as a whole, and not in exceptional or accidental situations. It seems that some of my correspondents apparently misunderstand what I said about nuncios in general. The nuncio's function makes him the man to whom people complain. Thus, there is a risk that if a nuncio is not careful, he can be imposed upon by individ;uals who are hostile to the Bishops. This could happen anywhere in the world and the cirTurn to Page Thirteen


Msgr. Cournoyer Pastor Emeritus T:1e Most Reverend Bishop today announced the re~i.Tement

of Rev. Monsignor Joseph A. Cournoyer as pastor of St. Michael Church, Ocean ·Grove. He will become pastor ~meritus of the parish that he has administered since 1945. Rev. Joseph A. Martineau, assistant at Saint· Joseph inary, Baltimore, and the SillChurch. New Bedford, will pician Seminary in Washington. Ordained in the Cathedral on become administrator of St. May 25, 1922 by the late Most

Michael ChUrch, and will be replaced as assistant at St. Joseph Church, New Bedford, by Rev. Roland J. Deschenes who has been assistant at St. Michael Church, Ocean Grove, since 1967. Monsignor Cournoyer was born Sept. 3, 1894 in Webster, son of the late Paul and Marie Cournoyer. He was graduated from St. Hyacinth school, New Bedford, and Assumption Prep, Worcester. He attended Assumption College for two years and completed his studies at St. Mary's Sem-

Top Churchmen WThe ANCHOR Combat Racism Price. 1Oc . $4.00 per Year © 1969 The Anchor Vol. 13, No. 28,July 10, 1$169

ST. LOUIS (NC)-The top leaders of '11 Christian, Orthodox and Jewish religious groups here have issued a joint pastoral letter condemning racism in the St. Louis Cl_rea. While rejecting church disruptions and so-called "reparations" to the Llack .community, the church leaders broadly representative of the endorsed a seven-point plan black community; -"To explore the possibility to combat racism and pov- of establishing a broad coalition

Rev. Daniel F. Feehan, D.D., he was assigned to Our Lady of Lourdes, Wellfleet· for the Summer of 1922 and to Notre Dame, Fall River in the Fall. He served as assistant at Sacred Heart, North Attleboro from December, 1923 to October, 1925, when he returned to Notre Dame as assistant. He was named administrator of the parish in 1938 and pastor of St. Michael's in 1945. Pope Paul elevated him to the Tur~ to Page Twelve

Pope Pau~6s UgGnda ViSiit In Political Cros,Sm fire


KAMPALA (NC)-Pope Paul's forthcoming visit to this country was in an exchange of political salvos between the ruling Uganda Peoples Congress (UPC) and the leader of the opposition Democratic party. Ben Kiwanuka, the Democratic leader, an attorney and a Catholic, accused tionalistic but moderate and The dominant Uganda the government of making Catholic. Peoples Congress is supported by political capital out of the Protestants and Moslems but has

Pope's visit, scheduled for July 31-Aug. 2, to consecrate the site of a new shrine to the. Uganda Martyrs. Kiwanuka said that propagandists have been trying to claim that the Pope supports the present government, despite the fact that the government itself has stressed that the Pope's visit will be strictly non-political. The Democratic party is na-

shown no anti-Catholic bias. The Democnitic party has been seeking action by the government to lift the state of emergency 'which has existed in Buganda province for more than two years following the 1966 political revolution. Recently the parliament voted for a six-month extension of the state of emergency. Under the Turn to Page Six

In 51.- Louis


erty, including financial aid to relieve social ills. The pastoral letter, addressed "to the membership of churches and synagogues and to the entire metropolitan St. Louis community," followed meetings of the leading churchmen. Signers of the pastoral included John Cardinal Carberry, of St. Louis, Methodist Bishop Eugene M. Frank, and Episcopal Bishop George L. Cadigan. Top leadership of area Lutheran - Missouri Synod, United Presbyterian, National and American Baptist, Disciples of Christ, United Church of Christ, Christian Methodist Episcopal, Eastern .Orthodox and Jewish congregations also signed the pastoral letter.' . Their seven-point proposal promised: -"Stronger efforts in confronting our 'members with the inherent evils of racism; -"To exhort our membership to accept every man as a brother: -"To take leadership in presenting to government at all levels the critical need of funding programs to serve the poor, both white and black; -"To endorse and work for tax prol?osals necessary to finance these programs; -"To establish an outgoing committee of top church leadership, black and white, to meet regularly with all individuals

of community.representatives to eradicate injustices; -"To continue and to expand church and private funding. for those programs <.\irected to the alleviation of social ills in our community." The letter was drafted and signed by 20 churchmen from the 11 denominations and by the Turn to Page Six

Volee Approva ~ ~


Of DUO i






In EducatBon NEW YORK (NC) A far reaching opinion survey on public and private schools has shown that a large majority of Americans approve of the nation's dual system of education. The poll-conducted by Gallup International-indicated that more than 80 per cent of those in areas serve~ by public, pnvate and parochial schools would re-establ·ish all three types of schools if they were to build new communities. The survey came at a time when public schools are growing and parochial schools are closing down because of financial strain. Turn to Page Eighteen



THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 10, 1969

of Vietnam War Plan College Compu$ Moratoriums

OFFICIAL Diocese of Fall River Pastor Emeritus Rev. Msgr. Joseph A. Cournoyer, pastor of St. Michael's Church, Ocean Grove, becomes Pastor Emeritus. Assignments Rev. Joseph A.. Martineau, S.T.L.", assistant at St. Joseph's Church New Bedfoq:l,to" St. Michael's Church, \Ocean Grove, as administrator. " Rev. Roland J. Deschenes, assistant at St. Michael's Church, Ocean Grove, to St: Joseph's Church, New Bedford, as assistant. . Rev. Robert A. McGowan, assistant at Corpus Christi Church, Sandwich, to St. Patrick's Church, Somerset, as assistant pro-tern. Effective Wednesday, July 16, 1969.

~~~epp~ Bishop of Fall River.


Plan' Court- Test "civil Liberties Union SCllyS CorullecfriclYltl'

School Aid' law Unconstotud"o@lriHoll HARTFORD (NC)-The Con- salary payments from state necticut Civil Liberties Union funds for teachers of religious artnounced here it will take the subjects and also specifies that recently enacted school aid law the funds can be used only for in this state to court for a test textbooks used in public schools of its constitutionality. or approved by public school auEmanuel N. Psarkis, executive thorities. It also calls for "open director, said that at a recent enrollment," regardless of race ,meeting: "The board of direc- or r~ligion, in, the, school,S retors of the CCLU authorized sup- ceiving the funds. port of such legal action on bePsarakis said that for the first half of appropriate plaintiffs, time in Connecticut, under this citing as grounds that the law law, the state would be contribviolates the First and Fourteenth uting funds "directly to parochial Amendments to the United and nonpublic schools. This is a States Constitution and the Sev- concept which goes far beyond enth Amendment to the Connec- ,any established constitutional doctrine. ticut Constitution." "Although the Supreme Court The bill, recently signed into law by Gov. John Dempsey, pro- has allowed some general welvides $6 million to help pay for fare benefits to go to school chilteachers' salaries and textbooks dren, it has never sanctioned in the state's non public schools, such direct state aid as is prowhich are - predominantly Cath- vided for in this law. Under this olic. law, the parochial schools, in At the time the bill came up' effect, would become supported for a vote in the recently con- by the public taxpayers of Concluded session of the General necticut." Assembly, legislative spokesmen said they were convinced of the Necrology bill's constitutionality. However, they pointed out that the bill itself ·included provision for a FRIDAY - Mass of preceding Sunday. IV Class. Green. court test should anyone desire Or such a test. St. Pius I, Pope, Martyr. Red. The new law strictly proh,ibits SATURDAY-St. John Gualbert, Abbot. III Class. White. Man's Expectation Or A man naturally expects' hon'SS. Nabor and Felix, Martyrs. or for anything in which he exRed. cels.-Aristotle. SUNDAY-Seventh SUl)day after Pentecost. II Class. Green. Mass Proper; Glory; Creed; Day of Prayer Preface of Trinity. ' July 13-St. Pius X, South MONDAY - St. Bonaventure, Yarmouth. Bishop, Doctor of the Church. III Class. White. St. Stephen, Dodgeville. Dartmouth. TUESDAY-St. Henry, Emperor of Germany. III Class. White. July 20-St. Francis of Assisi, WEDNESDAY-Mass of precedNew Bedford. ing Sunday. IV Class. Green. Holy Redeemer, C~atham. Or Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, White. ' THE ANCHOR


Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass, Published every Thursday at 410 Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02722 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River, Subscription price by mail, postpaid $4.00 per year.




C@lUU~g~ De~li'e'es

VATICAN CITY (NC)-A Roman cardinal" ol)e' of the top officials of the Second Vatican Council, has taken exception to various interpretations of the counc!l's teachings in recent years. Pericle Cardinal Felici, head of the commission for the interpretation of the council's decrees and former general secretary of the council, voiced his opinion in an article in L'Osservatore Romano entitled, "The Logic of the CounciL" Cardinal Felici took particular issue with those who are critical of Pope Paul's way of working and who "seem to want to submit his activity as the primate of and the supreme teacher in the Church to the control or ap-, proval of the bishops." The cardinal said this attitude is contrary to the explicit teach-' ing of the council, which recognized the "primacy of the pope as pastor and teach,er of' the universal Church, a primacy which carries with it the personal magisterium conferred by Christ." , 'Singling out othei' areas which he said are not being true to the "logic" of the council, Cardinal Felici made the following points: Easier Christknity While the council spelled out necessary changes in the training of future priests, a number of seminaries around the world are not following the indications of the council but are carrying out other programs "either unknown or disapproved of by' the counciL" At the same time, the council dealt at length with the life and ministry of priests, he said, but '''today some want to secularize or desecularize th~ priest." There also are those who want THURSDAY-Mass of preceding to destroy the cross anQ to make Sunday. IV Class. Green. 'Christianity easier, and more Or St. Alexis, Confessor. White. comfortable: the cardinaT said. " :.. .. ~ '. '. ~... .,0' \


"• •

WASHINGTON (NC) - Time service until the Vietnam war was, not' so long ago, when the ends. arrival of thEi Fourth of July Warn Nixon signaled a time for firecrackers Although the leaders disdain and some good old fashioned such terms as "strike," the moraflag-waving in the best sense of toriums, if' widely successful'; the term. could have such' an effect: The But times change and three · first ,one, 'set for Oct. 15, is young (under 26) political or- planned to involve faCUlty and' ganizers and war critics here admin'istrators as well as stusaluted the Fourth with a fire- dents.:. Thereafter, the moratocracker of a different sort. ,riums will increase by one day Speaking for a new group a month until the' conditions are called the Vietnam Moratorium met. Committee, they announced Brown ,said the organization plans for an escalating series of already: has commitments from "moratoriums" on college and 100 college campuses for the university campuses across the first moratorium in mid-October. country, beginning this Fall and, The group is looking for commitlasting until a "firm commit- ments from another 400 camment to a definite timetable for puses between now and the Fall total withdrawal (from Vietnam) · for 'a: day which 'participants is made or until a negotiated remain away from classes and settlement is signed." offices to collect anti-war peti· Given the track record of the tions, distribute leaflets and atgroup's leaders; they just might tend rallies. pull it off. The three, who plan The group hopes, moreover, to direct the effort from a down- "to expand into other segments town office here, are: of the cpmmunity," including individuals and organizations in McCarthy Followers the fields of religion, politics, Sam Brown, one of the princi- civil rights, and even business. pal organizers of ,collegians and The young men said they were other young people who-"for announcing their moratorium one brief, shining moment," at plans now "to give the President any rate-made Sen. Eugene J. some time to act," but they McCarthy the chief subject of served notice they will not be conversation in American poli- deterred by a "token partial tics last year; David Mixner, an- withdrawal. " other former member of the McCarthy campaign staff and now serving on the Democratic Party Nam~ Technoserve reform commission headed by Sen, George McGovern; and !Bo<OJrd DOli'echn David Hawk, a former member 'WASHINGTON (NC) - Ferd' of the National Student Associa- \ J. Niehaus of Cincinnati, vicetion who coordinated a recent president of the National Council statement in which 250 collegE of Catholic Men with headquarstudent body presidents and col- ters here, has been named to lege new'spaper editors said' they · serve bn"the,'board' of directors felt obliged to reject military ofl Techiloserve, Inc., an inter. .".. " ". national, interfaith organization to assist developing nations.

Mass Ordo JULY 19

Most Rev. Daniel F. Feehan, D.D., 1934,. 2nd Bishop of Fall River, 1907-34. JULY 23

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Vote $1.1" Million To Back Racial Justice Work BOSTON (NC)-The Uni~ ted Church of Christ synod has approved a minimum guarantee of $1.1 million for its newly established commission for racial justice. The synod of the 2-million member denomination agreed to a minimum of $500,000 in 1970 and $600,000 in 1971. The 15-member commission, staffed by a majority of black churchmen, was established by the synod in answer to demands made by black clergymen who had advocated approval of the Black Manifesto which seeks $500 million from churches in reparations for past inequitable treatment of blacks. The synod made no provision for turning any funds over to the National Negro Economic Development Conference which has proposed the Black Manifesto. Hit South Africa The synod requested a study of the feasibility of supporting a black university in the South; approved in principle establishment of a black printing and publishing plant and urged the possibility of participating financially in a Southern land bank for underwriting cooperative farms. The synod also rcommended the withdrawal of all church investments in any financial institution doing business with South Africa. It is estimated the investments total $2 million. The new commission on racial justice will have decision making powers in disbursement of funds through 'existing UCC agencies.

Diocese Issues Census Figures ORLANDO (NC)":-A census in the Orlando diocese shows its Catholic population is 46 per cent more than what was estimated when the diocese was established a year ago. Of the 1,292,600 total population in the 13-county diocese, 128,112, or 10 per cent, are Catholics. Edward J. Moloney, executive secretary of the diocese; noted 75 per cent believe the diocese should encourage Catholic high schools and 82 per cent favor continued diocesan backing for elementary schools. Efforts to obtain public tax money for schools were approved by 65 per cent, but 16 per cent said they would not support such efforts. Long Range Planning Thirty per cent said they would more generously support Catholic schools if a detailed financial report was made available, while 35 per cent indicated a "wait and see" attitude. Another 35 per cent said they would not be more generous knowing the details of school finances. Bishop William D. Borders of Orlando expressed concern for "the inadequacies and inequities in our religious education program" because only one-third of Catholic students attend Catholic schools. The bishop said the purpose of the census was to enable diocesan authorities to set up long range planning, to formulate an educational philosophy and procedures for the area, and to move more efficiently in financial matters.

New Bedford 'Educator of Year' Also Active In CCD, Narcotics Prevention Work By Patrica Francis

Charles F. Foley, 30, of 102 Topham Street, New Bedford, is a combination of people. He is the husband of the former Florence Mello of Fairhaven, with whom he went through Fairhaven High School and Bridgewater State College. He is the father of a lively quintet-Colleen, 7, Michael, '6, Maureen, 5, Tara, 4, and Timothy, 2. He is a fulltime history teacher at Fair,.' haven High School and a part-time Confraternity of Christian Doctrine teacher at , Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church. He also is a part-time student, working for his masters degree at Rhode Island State. Now he is something else: The Outstanding Young Educator of Greater New Bedford, a title bestowed on him by the New Bedford Jaycees. Foley seems a little confused by the new title and the commotion it caused. A native of Fairhaven, now a member of Holy Name Parish in New Bedford, his life previously ran along a familiar path. He met Florence in high school. Their acquaintance blossomed into romance in Bridgewater. "We were graduated on a Sunday and married the following Saturday," he says. Mrs. Foley taught briefly after their marriage. "Very briefly," her husband says. "Colleen was on the way then and the others followed." Keep Records Together With a child a year being added to the household, Charlie Foley made a decision that the family has stuck to. "All the children were baptized at St. Mary's in Fairhaven, where we were married. 1 thought it would be more convenient if all the records were in the same place!" His CCD teaching began when Charles Foley was a college freshman. ""I started teaching at St. Mary's. It was pretty foolish, really. 1 was a freshman in college and I, was teaching high school seniors." However, "foolish" or not, young Foley continued his religion instructing through college. Three years ago, he switched to CCD classes at Immaculate Conception, primarily because the classes were in the afternoon and fit more easily into his schedule. Because scheduling is a way of life for the Foleys. For five years, "a long hard grind," he admits now, Charles Foley has been "grabbing what courses I could" toward the requirements for his master's degree. It was rough, he says, "but you can't be a full-time father and a full-time student at the same time-my important job is being a father. "So, you have to make a choice and be patient. Then, things come, event~ally."

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Sobs blasted the, back yard and Charlie Foley hurried to the door to retrieve Timothy, who got "all wet" when a hose swung the wrong way. Timothy climbed up on the couch beside his father and the sobs soon trickled away. Good Kids "Father knows, how to say, 'No,''' Foley said, "but we've never had any trouble. They're good kids. "We just tell them: 'Remember

Seminary R'ector Heads Church BOSTON (NC) - In a hotly contested election the Rev. Dr. Robert V. Moses, Jr., 47, president of the lancaster (Pa.) Theological 'Seminary was elected president of the two-million member United Church of Christ. Withstanding challenges by candidates supported by Negro and youth groups of the UCC, Dr. Moses achieved a first ballot election, polling 437 of the 719 votes cast at the denomination's synod here. He succeeds the Rev. Dr. Ben M. Herbster, who retired after eight years in the office. The Rev. Dr. Arthur D. Gray, a black Chicago pastor, supported by a Negro clergy group, polled 241 votes, while the Rev. Paul E. Gibbons, Cornell University chaplain, supported by a youth segment received 41 votes.

your family. Don't make your family ashamed of you.' As they get older, I hope that will stay with them." During his eight years as a teacher,Charles Foley has developed an awareness of the problems young people face today. • Two years ago, he helped organize a student workshop on narcotics for Fairhaven students. It lasted three days and then narcotics prevention turned into Charlie Foley's "prime outside activity." "I volunteered like a dummy and then' they volunteered me as chaiman (for a narcotics program for parents)," he recalls. Last January, Foley and his committee "ran a big workshop for parents. More than 1,000 came." From that have evolved regional and parents' councils that are working on the area narcotics problem. "And it is a problem," Foley says. This Summer, he will complete his requirements for a master's degree-and then eventually it would appear he'd like to start work on a doctorate. Meanwhile, Mrs. Foley keeps the home fires burning. "She,keeps going around here. With the children and the house, she has her hands full," Charlie says of his wife. The pride in his voice as he speaks of her indicates he knows hers is a responsible part of their partner.ship.

Nuns Adopt P'olicy Of Experiment OLDENBURG (NC) - Experiments in forms of community living may be approved by the General Council of the Sisters of St. Francis of Oldenburg, Ind., under a policy adopted by the congregation's general chapter, now in session at the Oldenburg motherhouse. The chapter also approved a plan whereby each Sister will be allowed to indicate her prefer. ence as to the type of work she does and at what level, the general locality of her residence, and the "amount of structure" in which she will be involved.


Education Grant To Notre Dame NOTRE DAME (NC)-A twoyear University of Notre Dame experimental program designed to use television to reach thousands of adults in need of basic education has received an initial grant of $120,403 from the U.S. Office of Education. The program, known as "Project Reach," is directed by Samuel D. McClelland, an instructor in communication arts. Targets of the program are the estimated 25,000 adults in St'. Joseph County with less than an eighth grade education. "Project Reach" will: train adult basic education students in television skills, use their productions in a broadcast campaign to boost enrollment .in adult education programs, and combine closed-circuit instructional television with individualized instruction to teach basic education classes containing adults of varying achievement levels.

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THE ANCHORThurs., July 10, 1969

TaMefr H@IJil@[j'$ P@~® A$ RC»Il'il1(g) [)~*®rrntdl~H' ROME (NC) - A tablet has been unveiled in Rome honoring Pope Pius XII for his appeal that this city be spared from the tide of destruction washing northward in Italy as the Allies pushed the Germans back to their homeland. Honoring Pope Pius with the inscribed words "Defensor Civitatis" (defender of the city), the marble tablet also included the text of that appeal. He made it before the Rome city council. Rome's vicar, Angelo Cardinal Dell'Acqua was present at the unveiling just outside St. Peter's square. Also there were civic officials, ecclesiastics and crowds of onlookers.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 10, 1969

Newly Org@JnDzed Blcu:k


Students Hold First Conventson CHICAGO (NC)-Black Christian Students, (BCS), a newly organized youth movement for high schoolers, survived its first national convention here intact, but some trauma was noticeable. I The two-day convention at Loyola University was marked by intense eyeball-to-eyeball confrontation among the delegates on the future direction of the movement. Since its foundation last Fall in Chicago, as a breakaway movement within the high school Young Chrisian Students (YCS), BCS has made inroads into various Catholic high schools and black parjshes in the Chicago archdiocese and has begun to spread to other parts of the country. . The convention, devoted to black identity, black awareness, and black culture, Wa!l attended, by, 125 delegates, moderators and chaplains. ' Sloan Letman, national coordinator, emphasized "the heart of BCS is black responsibility." "And the idea of black responsibility is being willing and able to make a sacrifice for your people~" he declared. . "Black responsibility is' not fighting your own folks. Nor is it selling out to the establishment," he added. . "What I want to do as moderator of BCS is to train young students who can lead our people. This takes time.. You can't do a quickie job and turn out an instant leader overnight," Letman said. Letman emphasized that "what makes this different from other black groups is that we ha,ve done something for these students on an individual, personal basis. But we do need adults to help with these kids."

"By organizing ourselves as Black Christian Students, we have indicated our desire to develop' a movement for black stu,dents which is something much more than,a humanitarian movement, a 'protest 'movement, a civil rights movement. We have added' a Christian dimension," he said. "You had to emphasize your mon denominator American any more, 'thanks to 'you, because you have shown us that what we meant by integration really meant absorption of your identity. "We had to emphasize your identity to us dramatically in order for us to realize this is what we should' all be striving for - our own self identity, awareness,pride, and that out of this alone will come respect and equality for everyone," Father Giese said. '

Imposed Culture Black identity through the black arts movement was explored by Eugene Perkins, Chicago poet, playwright, and instructor of black literature at Central YMCA Community College. "So long as white America was successful in suppressing the culture of black people, it was able to impose upon them the culture of the oppressor and therefore deny them the basic strength and dignity a people need to overcome oppression," he ·said. "For years black people in America have cOl'\sciously or un,consciously. striven to becqme the image of ,'their oppressor. And it is for this very reason that black people have never been able to develop a base of identity, a sense of nationalism, which could enable them to conChristian Dimension front white America from a base Father Vincent J. Giese, chap- of power that is a base of black . lain of BCS,. emphasized that power," he said. BCS is separate but not segre- , But black culture. has never gated from the Young Christian been totally suppressed, Perkins Students. told the students. "Had we wanted to be segre"We can hear it in our music, gated from the YCS movement, see it in our dance,. and feel it we would _not be part of their in the very essence of our life movement at all," he. said. styles," he declarecl. I

Pope Says Church Wants R:enewal, But Not Break With Tradntion VATICAN CITY (NC)-The Church is anxious for renewal and change but not at the ex: pense of break with its great tradition, Pope Paul VI said in a general audience. The Pope, speaking to thousands in St. Peter's Basilica, devoted himself to the theme of new things or novelty and change in the Church in the period following the Second Vatican Council. . He noted that a number of changes have already followed on the council and that more are to come in time. However; he cautioned against embracing novelty or change for the sake of change alone. As he put it: "In itself novelty means change. Change must be judged not only; in itself as regards its content and purpose. Does what is new today really lead us to a Detter Christianity?" While welcoming renewal the Church finds the question of the "new" extremely complex said the Pope. He added that "the new cannot be produced in the' Church by a break with tradi-' tion. "The, revolutionary mentality has penetrated considerably the mentality of Christians too, of


goqd Christians. The break we can consent to is that of conversion, of the break with sin, but not with the inhefitance of faith and of life of which we are the responsible and 'fortunate heirs." Original Sources The Pope said' hE? does not want a rigid and outmoded Christianity but that the renew-· ing of tl!e life of the Church must come from a returning to its original sources. "If you meditate on it, change in Christian life and in the Church can come from .purification, an operation which is now in progress and indeed which always is in progress. "It can come through a deepening. Who can say that he has understood everything, appreciated everything of the treasure of the word, grace and mystery which we carry within ourselves? How much Christianity can grow along this path? "And then through application: it is not so much a matter of inventing a new Christianity for new times, but of giving to authentic Christianity the new points of reference ·of which it is capable and which we need."

MOURNED: Rev. Meldan McGoohan, SS.Cc., Novice Master at the Sacred Hearts Novitiate, Fairhaven, from .1943 to 1949 and. one-time vice-provincial of the American Province, died suddenly in England on ,July 6. His assignment at the time of his death was that of Chaplain to the Sacred Hearts Sisters in Epsom, Sur-rey, England.,


Rep'ea\t'$ Charge Of Racism CHICAGO (NC) - At a Mass of Thanksgiving over appointments of three black priests as pastors" here, a black priest from New York's Harlem section reiterated a charge of "conscious' and delib-' erate racism" against Chicago's John Cardinal Cody. The charge was made by Father Lawrence Lucas of New York during a Mass concelebnited by 15 black priests, including the three pastors, in Holy Angels Church here. Cardinal Cody appointed the three black pastors. They' are Father q-eorge Clements, pastor Holy Angels parish; Father Dominic Carmon, S.V.D., pastor of St. Elizabeth parish; and Father Kenneth M. Brigham, pastor of Our Lady of Perpetual Help parish.. Father Lucas, in his sermon, stressed the steps involved in-the appointment of Father Clements. He said: "George, your troubles are just beginning." 'House Nigger' He recalled that a group of parish laity and black organizations sought to have Father Clements named pastor of the parish last December, but the post went to Father Rollins Lambert, also a black priest. Father Lucas said the cardin",1 "like -any racist" had "passed over George who had proclaimed himself a black man first and then a priest." In the selection' 'of Father Lambert as pastor, Father Lucas said, he was picked by the cardinal as "the house nigger to be used to carry out his will." Father Lucas charged that after Father .Lambert threatened 'to resign, the cardin'al admon,ished him to contain himself for .a few months and Father Clements would be appointed a pastor. The' three black .pastors were appointed by the cardinal early in June. The cardinal had no comment on the sermon by Father Lucas.

SAN ANTONIO (NC)-Catechetical scholars and mass media experts attending a study week here - have formed a permanent· committee to consider the possibility of the Church entering into a worldwide educational program 'via satellite communication. Establishment of the committee, to be known as the International Workshop on Religious Education and Mass Media, came at the conclusion of the International Study Week on Mass Media and' Catechetics held at St. Joseph's Retreat House. The 15~member permanent committee, international in scope, will continue to explore and implement proposals probed at the study week, which fea-· tured discussion on how mass media in an age of electronic 'communications can help bring , the Christian message to more people in a more effective and meaningful way. The week was hosted here at the invitation of Archbishop Robert E. Lucey and attracted more than 50 catechetical scholars. and mass, media experts from throughout the world. It was reportedly the first full scale international conference of its type ever held. Elected chairman of the permanent committee was Father Virgil Elizondo, director of. the San Antonio archdiocesan Confraternity of Christian Doctrine. International Conference Members o( the group were authorized by participants at the conference to "gather information on the technical, economic and political feasibility of satel-

Mark Anniversary Of Coronatoon .WASHINGTON (NC) - Diplomatic representatives of many countries, high U.S. Government officials, members of Congress and judiciary, members of the clergy, and laymen prominent in civic life of the nation's capital attended a reception here, marking the sixth anniversary of the coronation of Pope Paul VI. Patrick Cardinal O'Boyle of Washington and Lawrence Cardinal Shehan of Baltimore were among those who attended. In all, Archbishop Luigi .Raimondi, Apostolic Delegate in the United States, greeted well over

;~~tfo~.sons at

the apostolic del.,


lite communication and involvement with it." The committee, it was revealed, will also plan an international conference for late 1970 to interest other church groups and organizations in the future of satellite' communications. A record of the conference proceedings, it was announced, will be presented to several Vatican commissions and other church groups. The report adopte,d by the conference participants called on the Church to recognize the role of space communication in "the danger of propagating decidedly materialistic and anti-humanistic ideologies." The document stressed the need for a specific policy should the Church be invited to participate "in cooperative, pluralistic demonstrations via satellite." Joint Venture Also emphasized in the report was the "opportunity of the Vatican City State, as' a member of a satellite organization, to take the initiative in proposing a joint venture with the United Nations, the World Council of Churches, the International Academy of Sciences, development banks and other organizations to reach the underprivileged all over the world with satellite transmitted information on health, nutrition, vocational skills and universal primary education. In a greeting to participants at the session, Archbishop Lucey stressed "this is '" wedding we wanted for a long time, in which catechetics and mass communications are brought together.." He said catechetical experts have been working diligently to find new, effective, and relevant ways of bringing the Christian message to modern day man and that "mass media .experts have been making astronomical strides in developing the various media of communications with the masses."

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THE ANCHORThurs., July 10, 1969

([)f[L Choral T 1])llJUr ([])f ElJJtf([])jpearm COlJ1~in<eJn~ lBy iP'abicia IFrarncis

WASHINGTON (NC) The board of directors of the National Council of Catholic Men has installed as officers

Raymond Cambra, 17, and Davis Balestracci Jr., both of New Bedford, are looking forward to the adventure of a lifetime this Summer: A trip to Europe as members of the Concordia. Youth Chorale. For Ray, son of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Cambra of III for the next two years Daniel L. Sagamore Street., the European jaunt will be a farewell to life as a free and easy teenMcCormick, Newark, president; Ferd J. Niehaus, Cincinnati, vice ager. Ray, who was gradupresident; Dr. Eugene B. Perry, ated from Stang High School Houston, secretary; J. Francis Hesse, WiChita, Kan., treasurer.. last month, will enter St. Newly elected members of the Mary's Seminary in Kenboard of directors seated at a meeting here included: King F. Cole, Spokane, Wash.; William G. Flore, Buffalo; Lawrence J. Franck, Jackson, Miss.; Michael R. Lopardo, Worcester, Mass.; Steven D. Narick, Wheeling, W. Va.; and H. G. Rountree, Little Rock, Ark. . The president appointed four national committees to evaluate and up-date the work of NCCM. Ferd Niehaus was named chairman of the by-IClws committee; Charles Stimming, chairman of the program committee; J. Francis Hesse, chairman of .the finance and budget committee, and Robert Murphy, chairman of the convention committee to study the themes and problems of future national conventions. The committees will report their findings to the board at its Winter meeting. Form Joint Committee Thomas Hart, international trustee of Serra International, and Bernard Imming, district governor of Serra, appeared before the board, seeking the cooperation of NCCM in developing a response to the decline in vocations. The NCCM board agreed to the formation of a joint study committee with Serra to find means of cooperating. The Apostolic Delegate to the U. S., Archbishop Luigi Raimondi, received the board at his residence and commended members on the work being done by NCCM in establishing a meaningful dialogue between the laity and the bishops. The election of the first woman to the NCCM National Consultants Program was approved by the board and Mrs. Andrew L. Hellmuth of Springfield, Ohio, was invited to membership in the National Consultants' Program, replacing her late husband. Mrs. Hellmuth is the president of the Cincinnati Archdiocesan Council of the Laity.

Reconsider Busing Urges Educators

tucky in September, to study for the Diocesan priesthood. Davis, son of Mr. and Mrs. Davis Balestracci of 77 Watson Street will enter his senior year at New Bedford High School in the Fall. Their paths until now have been different. Ray is a communicant of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Church. Davis belongs to St. Francis of Assisi. Their common denominator is a love for music and good voices that earned them places in the Southeastern District Chorus, sponsored by the Music Educa. tors Association. Five Countries Both boys later auditioned for the Concordia group and both were accepted. More than 200 auditioned for the 75 spots, Davis says. Tomorrow the young men and their companions will leave Boston by bus for New York, from which port they will embark for a European tour of concerts that will take them to at least five countries. This week, they have been in Boston for rehearsals and a. final Boston concert. "Hopefully, we'll be back August 8," Ray said. Then he will have two weeks before starting for Kentucky and the first step toward the priesthood. The chorale's trip is a "combination Europeal} sightseeing and good will tour," Ray ex-

Assistant to Nixon Meets With Pope VATICAN CITY (NC)-A special representative of President Richard M. Nixon flew into Rome and went directly to the Vatican for a private meeting with Pope Paul VI. A U. S. embassy spokesman said that Peter Flanigan, a special assistant to President. Nixon, delivered a message from the U. S. President to the Pope, but said he had no idea of its contents. The Vatican announced no more than the bare fact of the visit by Mr. Flanigan. The embassy spokesm<tn also told newsmen that the embassy did not expect to make any further statement on the surprise visit.

ST. PAUL (NC) - Gov. Harold LeVander of Minnesota asked the State Board of Education to reconsider its June 9 policy statement which recommended that local school boards and administrators "exercise restraint" in implementing the fair bus bill passed by the 1969 legislature. LeVander, in a letter to Ver- fave Ang~ic(inSi J@.Oflll nard L. Lundin, board president, . ~rolth())li'6 C~U.llf)'~1lu said school boards which want MADRAS (NC)-A group of to provide transportation for nonpublic school students during five Anglican ministers joined the 1969-70 sch091 year should the Catholic Church here followbe "encouraged, not discouraged ing doctrinal differences with two Protestant churches they from doing so." were asked to join. The governor said it is necThey are Nandyal Benjamin, essary to make "two points crystal clear." One, he said, is 47, J. S. James, 43, Swarna Gnathat school boards should be en- nayudham, 59, Bethelu Isaiah, couraged to implement the law 42, and Dulla Gnanabhishekan. The five, all deans and pastors this year if they wish, and the in the Anglican dioces'e of Nanother point is that state aid dyal in Andhra' state, were rewould be available. ceived into the Catholic Church by Bishop Joseph Rajappa of Others Busy Kurnool in the presence of AuxLazy people are always eager iliary Bishop Francis Carv"lho of Madras-Mylapore. to be doing something.



plained. "We want to show Europeans the good side of America. Prove that we're not all hippies "nd people protesting against our government.

"We're going to give of ourselves for their enjoyment." Members of the chorals pay their own expenses on the tom, which is headed by Director William Seymour, an assiStant dean of the Boston Conservatory of Music. It adds up to $835 for the fiveweek junket, a price that Ray admits "takes a hunk out of your savings," but that both boys feel is a worthwhile investment. Get Those Dolls The group will present concerts in Luxembourg, Germany, Denmark, Austria and Switzerland-"and maybe some other countries"-while in Europe. However, Davis' little sister Judith, 8, doesn't really care what they do while they are there. She has just one strong request: A doll from each country her brother visits. That means money, Davis muses. But he sounds as though the money somehow will make an appearance. He woudn't dare face Judith without her souvenir dolls.

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NOTRE DAME (NC)-For the first time in the. history of the University of Notre Dame, more than half its students received financial aid during the last academic year. A report by the office of financial aid and scholarships showed a total of 3,217 undergraduates, 53 per cent of the undergraduate student body, received financial aid totaling $4,486,518 in the 1968-69 academic year. The figures for the previous . year were 47 per cent of the undergraduate . population and $3,907,881 in aid. The average award per student 'dropped from $890 to $856. Major elements in the total were scholarships (university administered and "outside scholarships"), $1,081,628; Army, Navy and Air Force ROTC awards, $476,866; grants-in-aid and tuition remission for faculty sons, $646,875; university part-time employment, $515,449; federal assistance programs $612,600; and other loan assistance programs, $1,153,100.

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~U@t~ \F~Uw@~ TORONTO (NC)-Share Lent funds totalling $616,000 have been earmarked for 56 self-help projects on three continents by the Canadian Catholic Organization for Development of Peace. H was the first allotment from funds raised in the 1969 campaign. Total. from the campai~n has been estimated at $1.25 mIllion but directors are still awaiting final figures from about 15 dioceses. The initial campaign last year raised $1.3 million. From the first allotment for 1969, $300,000 is slated for projects in Latin America and' the Caribbean, $160,000 for Africa, $63;000 for Asia and $95,000 for two projects which will aid people in many parts of the world. Equipment and salaries for a radio school in Chile, bursaries for training co-op leaders in Panama, a seed and fertilizer plant for needy families in Guatemala, cooperation with lay orga.nizations in Brazil to establish 25 community laundries needed to raise living levels indicate the scope of Latin American projects. Equipment for a rural leadership center in Haute-Volta, support for a basic education center in the Congo, and assistance to leadership training for young women in Dahomey are among African projects. Asian projects include a grant of $33,500 to finance drinking wells for 56 villages in India, marking the 100th anniversary of Ghandi's birth. Development and Peace is providing $50,000 to buy 400 sewing machines which will enable families in Africa, Asia and Latin America to establish cottage industry employment in specific areas. A grant of $45,000 is being made to the Coady International Institute at Antigonish, N.S., to enable community leaders from many count.ries to learn skills in adult education, community growth, organizing cooperatives and credit unions.


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 10, 1969


.A Shadow of De,alh

Urges Catholics Draw Strength From St. Peter

It is a sad commentary on life in the big city that a story recounting the deaths of one hundred and three VATICAN CITY (NC) heroin addicts' in a single month in New York City found On the sixth anniversary of a place only on page twenty-seven of a metropolitan newshis pontificate, Pope Paul VI paper. said Catholics can draw from Further, what made the story newsworthy was the the first Pope the strength to be themselves. fact that this was double the number of monthly deaths "We Catholics, we Romans esusually recorded. pecially, will ask him what is Much can be expected in the way of human misery proper of his particular apostolic and suffering in a city of eight million persons. But this charism," Pope Paul declared in a sermon during his annitragic statistic points out forcefully that the problem of versary Mass in 51. Peter's Basdrugs is a very real and pressing one not only in a far-. ilica. The Mass was also in away city but in the cities and towns of our area. honor of the Feasts of 55. Peter and Paul. Anyone who would think otherwise is deluding himFrom St. Peter Catholics can self. gain "the capacity to resist the The problem is not alone one of persons taking drugs. wear and tear of time and the It is the problem of why they take drugs. It is the problem pressure of events, the strength to be always substantially ourof a home or community situation where this is an easy selves in the diversity of situstep to take. It is a problem. of a beginning with what .ations." may seem relatively harmless ahd a steady progression to The Pope said: "We must ask . ultimate deterioration with all the attendant sorrow for Peter for faith, the faith which comes to us from him and from family and friends. the Apostles, the faith which And this is happening. Now, Here, in·,thisarea. on .the same anniversary we Once again, it would be easy for parents and officials openly professed last year, the to think that it can't happen here or. to their loved ones. faith of the entire church." But the facts' are against this self-delusion. But there must be a fidelity which gives to faith "a constant Awareness of the extent of the problem is itself no ~ope' Paul's Ugonda Visit and coherent expression, a style answer. But it is a beginning, to a facing up to the problem. Continued from Page One ,broadcasting services. No group, of Christian authenticity," the And any long-range solution must at least begin, honestly emergency no politi~al gather- including the Democrats, may or- Pope said. and, perhaps, painfully as well. "And we will ask St. 'Peter ings, except those of the UPC, ganize a gath!,!ring of more than

for another fidelity, this also are permitted, but a spokesman 25 persons. superlatively his own, that of for the government said in May The Democratic party does not '8 that the regulations of the ,state 'support the present administra- the love of Christ which spreads A group of Catholics in Los Angeles has made a list of emergency will not apply for tion's policies. Although unrec- in concrete. and generous pasthe visit of the Pope because the ognized legally 'and restricted in toral service," he said. of demands upon the newly-appointedcoadjutor archbishop. Pope's visit will be non-political. its activities, it has many silent Invokes Divine Help The demands are of mixed value and the tone of supporters. It contends that the UIPC in. Power After reciting the Credo with some is unkind. But they are the sincere petitions of sinThe emblem of the UPC is an government has no right to de- the thousands of the faithful in cere people. And they close with the earnest wish that upraised arm. A UPC spokesman mand that it add the word the basilica, the Pope recited in was recently quoted as saying Uganda to its title or emblem Italian, German, Polish, Portuclerics be .men living among the people, concerned with that the Pope supports the UPC and also claims that under exist- guese, Spanish, English and the people and especially the poor, and living lives that because he raises his arm in giv- ing law it cannot be excluded Arabic the following prayer: from the 1971 elections. ing the papal blessing. exemplify the gospel of Christ. "Brothers and dearest child·Party leaders have assured Kiwanuka said that in raising People teach many things. They teach the clergy much. ren, .in the joy of today's solhis arm in blessing the Pope sup- their followers that the' party And what they are crying out for now, while not always ports no political party or cause. will participate in the elections emnity of SS. Peter and Paul, and will win at least a few we invoke the divine help for the putting it in these explicit terms, is for priests and religious A government spokesman said seats. Most observers· do not' Church of God throughout the at a rally here that the Demo" who are holy: world, for world peace and for party will not be admitted give the party any chance to the necessities of all men." People are impressed, of course, by this or that par- cratic to participation in the proposed gain control of the government The day before, Pope Paul ticular action. Th~y may be encouraged by a single act next parliamentary elections in in the foreseeable' future. Democratic party officials also . had visited the tomb of St. Peter 1971 unless the Democrats add or a specific event or happening or program.' demanded that the govern- beneath the basilica. Later, he But they are looking for whole lives of dedication, the word Uganda to their party have title and support the' 1966 con- ment set a date for the elections blessed the pallia, wool circular service to God and His people, of living the gospel. This stitution by which Uganda was so that they may prepare their bands worn by archbishops over the chasuble. campaign. . is what touches them fundamentally and effectively and established as a republic. The pallia are traditionally The spokesman stresssed that brings them closer to the things of God. as the ruling piuty the UPC will Apostolic Delegation blessed by the Pope on the eve . An event, ~fter all-no matter how stirring or color- supervise the elections and will of the feasts of 55. Peter and Paul. . ful or meaningful it may be-is a single thing that takes make every effort to'. see to it For Red Sea Area ' The Pope also inaugurated a v A. TICAN' CITY (NC) Pope that the Democrats' gain no seats up a certain length of time, and then it passes away. memorial stone at the entrance ·.Paul VI has established the new in the national assembly. It is a life, lived before and in the midst of men that The UPC has been in power · apostolic delegation for the Red of the basilica's grottoes. touches the lives of others and instills values and standards since Uganda gained indepen- Sea Region, with its seat in The stone, set into the wall, and the ,desire for a rlifferent and better way of acting. is in honor of Donato Bramante, dence in 1962 and tb.e' .top qffi- Khartoum, Sudan. in the goverrime'nt are The new delegation will be re- a leading architect of the high 'This is the lesson Pope John taught when he first·. cials mostly fr,9m the north. The party sponsible for Church problems in renaissance in Italy and one of proposed the Council. It is the ultimate aim of all conciliar enjoys the support of, the armed territories that· formerly were the planners for the building of . and post-concilfar documents. Christ changes men. Men forces. under the care of the apostolic St. Peter's basilica. delegation for East Africa. The Has Silent Supporters must be like Him. Then they, because He is in and with Since 1966, when the state of delegation for the region of the them, will change others. And, in this way, the community . emergency was imposed, only Red Sea wiil includethe SUdan, Rap- South Alllshalia of God's people the world over comes closer to its Maker th!,! UPC has. had the. right to the French coast of the Afars and to one another. . hold political rallies and use and of the Issas, the Republic of On School Aid! Lag ·Somalie and part of the Arabian ADELAIDE (NC) - A doublepeninsula. barreled charge on the issue of As the first delegate of the aid to private schools was levRed Sea Region, the Pope. has, eled against the South Australia Continued from Page One chosen Msgr. Ubaldo Calabresi, president .of the Metropolitan an official of the secretariat of government by the state's Federation of Parents and Friends' Church Federation, Dr. Paul S. state. Associations of South Australian McElroy, who had originated the Cat.holics schools. leildership meetings in the wake OFFICIAL NEWSPA~ER OF THE DIOCESE OF' FALL RIVER of continued church disruptions Rules -Out Naming At its annual meeting here, the here. federation's 140 delegates, repPublished weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese .of Fall River' The 51. Louis Review, arch- Envoy to Vatican resenting the parents of 26,000 . 410 Highland 'Avenue . diocesan newspaper, said in an MIAMI (NC) - The United children in Catholic schools, Fall River, ~ass. 02722 675-7151 editorial that the joint pastoral States, President Nixon has de- adopted a resolution accusing "is a landmark in interdenomi- cided, will not establish' formal the government of a "wanton PUBLISHER national and interfaith collabor- diplomatic relations with the waste of' public monies" and a Most Rev. James L. Connolly, D.O., PhD. ation." It noted that the continu- Vatican. "disregard of parental rights in ing group of ch4rchmen, to be This was announced here by refusing to increase its present Rt. Rev. Daniel F. Sholloo, M.A. Rev. Johrl P. Driscoll known as· the Religious Leader- Ron L. Ziegler, White House financial assistance to independGENERAL MANAGER ASST. GENERAL MANAGER ship 'Conference, will meet ·press secretary. The decision was ent schools." MANAGING EDITOR . quarterly and represents a '''new made by the President while he At present the South Australia Hugh J. Golden, LL.B. breakthrough" in the area of was vacationing at nearby Key state government grants $10 per ~leary Press-Fall River ecumenical cooperation. Biscayne: child to pupils in private schools.

The People


Combat ·Rac.ism

®fine ANCHOR


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Foil River-Thurs., July 10, 1969

SPRINGFIELD (NC)-ReactiOll to the Senate Education Committee's rejection of two bills to aid Illinois non public sch~Ols was a mixture of anger ancl resentment, aimed not only at the vote. but also at the possibility of a state income tax. Officia,ls of Citizens for Educational Freedom (CEF) and the

National Association of Personal Rights in Education, (NAPRE), two organizations which favor state aid, accused members of the senate. committee of "bigoted comments" and "intolerance." The senate education committee rejected both proposals, which had been approved by the Illinois House, on the grounds

that state aid to non public schools would be unconstitutional and financially unsound. A number of committee members cited one or both of these reasons in explanation of the defeat, by votes of 9 to 3 and 10 to 2, of bills by Representative Edward Copeland and John Mati路 jevich. Copeland's bill called for

purchase of secular educational services and Matijevich's bill asked for flat tuition grants. Sponsors and backers of the two bills said there was a possibility they might be revived in the legislature prior to its June 30 close but none considered this likely. The church-state issue was discussed on a sophisticated

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plane in the House," Rep. Mati路 jevich said, "but it got guttier, on a lower level in the Senate." He also speculated that the bills "were voted down with some purpose." Matijevich said some people have charged "that the governor plans to use this as a lever to help 'get his income tax proposal over the hump."


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 10, 1969

Says Cookout Id,ea Pu'rpose To Mak,e Life Miserable By Joseph and Marilyn Roderick


The hot weather has arrived and like millions of families across the country, the Rodericks are now eating at least one meal a week at the barbecue. Marilyn loves / to eat outside and the children think it is the greatest adventure there ever was. I conceive of the barbecue as enjoyment in the quieter pursuits. a .plot conceived by some For those of us in the field of monster to make my life education who are still on a ten _ month year it's an opportunity miserable. First there is the little matter to try our hand at all those little of cleaning the hibachi and get- delights that we just don't find ting a fire started. I am probably time for during the working the worst fire starter there ever year. With me it's another go at was because no matter how furniture decorating and antique much fluid I use or what kinds hunting (very cheap antiques . of coals I buy, I always seem to that is). . Summer is the perfect time for end up with a smoki~g, sputtering mess. The food that comes this ,hobby for many churches forth is usually burned to a crisp and organizations chose these on the outside and raw inside so pleasant days to hold church that what the flies don't get is auctions and sales. My idea of a hardly palatable. But worst of delightful day would be to sit at all is the cleaning afterward. one of these auctions (preferably There is something about steel by myself or with a friend who and smoke; they are inseparable held the same interest) and bid and cling to each other through to my heart's content. Finances cleansers, pads, hot and cold and three offsprings who find water and wh~t have you. So this quite a dull' pastime (the for all the men in the area who only thing they enjoy is the feel like I do (who like an ad- snack-bar) keep my auction atventurous meal with a table in tenendance at a minimum. Genefrmit of them and wife bustling rally though I manage to attend around the kichen), I say, down at least one and it remains as a pleasant Summer 'memory to sawith the cookout. The other night Marilyn and vor during the Winter. It's a sign I had the good fortune of taking of my age that in my youth it the children to a drive-in movie was Summer romances that made only to find out that the movie the warm weather so pleasant; was so crowded that we couldn't now it's furniture hunting. get in., These are moments I Very often these country dream of. We made the mistake churches will also have a recipe last Summer of taking the chil- collection ·for sale. This year I dren to the drive-in and now came cross a collection of recipes they relish the idea. that the ·Westport United ConMy outdoor movie going con- gregational Church of Westport sists of taking Jason to the men's is selling for $2 a copy. It inroom, buying popcorn, cleaning cludes some charming finds such the windshield, breaking up as Devil Dogs, Orange Marmafights about who uses what pil- lade Cookies, Potato Fudge, quite low, adjusting the rearview mir- . a collection of salads and some ror so that somebody can see, interesting main dishes. persuading Jason that the swings This recipe is in the collection are closed for the night, visiting and was put in by Mrs. Barbara the snack bar.. killing mosquitos, Sha,w of Westport. and in fact, doing everything but Cheese Straws watching the movies. Warm the mixing bowl by I think I am becoming parapouring boiling' water inside and noid. It seems to me that some- outside. one somewhere with' a vicious 2 cups grated cheese (Barbara mind, is doing nothing but said that she used the sharp dreaming up irritating family cheddar) activities. The only consolation 1 cup butter I have is that I am not alone in Y<i cup water (cold or warm) my concern for family mental 2 cups flour health. A few of my friends are 1) Cream together the butter also walking around shaking and cheese. their heads as well. I suppose I 2) Add pepper and salt to shouldn't complain too much because ten years from now I will taste and the water, mixing well. 3) Add the flour, blend well be looking back nostalgically on and roll flat. the times when the children were 4) Cut into strips (about 1" actually with us. x 5") Bake in hot oven 450 In the Kitchen Nature has made Summer a leisurely time 'full of long lazy Anglican Bishop Attends days 'lnd often sleeplesli nights. It's a pause when the heat of- a Vocations Exhibition LEEDS (NC) - An Anglican, New England Summer forces us to ,slow up our pace and find bishop is for the first time taking part in a service for England's national' Catholic vocaCatholic Schools Tops tions exhibition here. . Bishop John Moorman .of In India State Exams Ripon, who was an official obERNAKULAM (N C) .:- Al- server at the Second Vatican though the Kerala state govern- Council, will preach at a Church ment has shown hostility to unity service as the exhibition Catholic educational institutions, ends. He will talk on the Catholic schools continue to rank "Aposlolate of Marriage." on top in the state's own re, The exhibition takes place quired examinations. every two years, usually in one This year, St. Teresa's high of the big provincial cities. The school here, opened by the Car120 stands and kiosks this year melite Sisters, was first in the in Queen's Hall here depict the state examinations and 17 other' work of: the diocesan clergy and Catholic schools had a record 65 religious orders and congregaof 100 per cent in the number tions of priests, Brothers and of pupils passing the tests. nuns. 0

LIMA (NC) - The Peruvian government's agrarian reform law has received the support of the National Office for Social Information (ONIS), which is staffed by 40 priests seeking social improvement and development. In a four-page statement,. ONIS fully supported the expropriation of land to be used in agrarian refo·rm programs, declaring that the purpose of land reform and "the grave situation of injustice to large segments of the Peruvian people" give the government "ethical justification for extreme measures in the present legislation, even confiscation of possessions and rights in the acquisition of property, Among other things, fne new legislation places all sugar cane plantations and augar mills under governmental control.

Sisters of St. Joseph Hold First Election

FINAL VOWS: Sr. Eileen Egan, SSD, left, and Sr. Mary Ann Keegan, SSD, right, ":lade ,their final profession in the Sisfers of St. Dorothy before Rev. John R. Post, S.J. of Fairfield, Conn. in ceremonies conducted, Friday in the Villa Fatima -Chapel, Taunton.

Rite, Catholics Play Part in Prince of Wales Investiture Ceremony LONDON (NC) Catholics· played their part in the dramatic investiture of Prince Charles by Queen Elizabeth II' as the Prince of Wales (July 1) in the granite monolith of Caernarvon Castle. . Both Catholic dioceses of the principality, representing a large minority of the Welsh people, participated in the short ecumenical service which interrupted the pagentry during the solemn tradition-steeped investiture of the British' monarch's eldest son within the castle as the ' regal representative for Wales. Watched by an estimated 500 million world televiewers, Auxil-· iary Bishop Langton Fox of Menevia, which covers most of rural Wales, and Archbishop John Murphy of Cardiff, Catholic leader in the industrial south, played notable parts, mingling with the small group of leading Welsh clerics I of the· Anglican and Non-Conformist Churches and rObed Druids.

the love of thy grace that, loving justice and leading his people by the ways of righteousness after the glorious course of this life to which thou has appointed him, he may come to thy eternal joy." Anglican Archbishop Glyn Simon of Wales followed with another short prayer for unity in Welsh. I As viewers could see; Prince Charles was visibly moved during Archbishop Murphy's prayer. Responsible for organizing this great national occasion, as on all such events, was the Duke of Norfolk, leading Catholic layman of England and Wales.

ELBERON (NC)-Sis'ter °Patricia Aidan, administrator of Holy Name Hospital, Teaneck, N.J., was elected provincial ,superior of the Eastern province of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Newark at a chapter meeting at Stella Maris Convent here in New Jersey. This was the first time the provincial was elected. The post previously was filled by appointment. A native' of Ireland, Sister Patricia Aidan has been administrator of the Teaneck hospital since :964. Recently she was made a trustee of the Catholic Hospital Association. ELECTRICAL Contractors

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Dresses and Matching Slacks Fas-hionabl;e for Fall, Winter

Sister to Found New Community

By Marilyn Roderick It looks like a sure thing that the pant suit and the pant-look are with us, at least for one more season. Fallwill unfurl even more uses for slacks in your active wardrobe and if you haven't already invested in a pant suit or a trouser dress you have this year to indulge your line realize that their customers sHill want to look up-to-thefancy. If they're by courture minute. Paired with a matching designers, name designers, dress that can be worn, with or they're called evening pants or harem dresses but no matter what your vocabulary I.Q. they still add up to the fact t hat they're just not skirts. Made of elegant material such as chiffon, crepe or brocades they travel the night circuit and then become City-Pants. I guess country pants are more tweedy. Freedom of speech, thought and action seems to be the thing particularly with the generation and perhaps thiS IS why the freedom of the pantlook has caught on so well. Certainly they allow the wearer a great deal of freedom of movement. The wearer can gracefully exit from a car without practically spraining her back to keep her hemline within the bounds of good taste. Sitting doesn't present the problem that mini-skirts did and all in all if it doesn't detract from the wearer's look of femininity then there isn't any reason she couldn't join the crowd. Of course' ,like all good things they shouldn't be abused (worn to the wrong places) and they shouldn't be worn by those who can just not wear slacks. A fulllength mirror would be a big help here. Paris reports (yes they still dictate a great deal of what is going to be "in" in fashion) that they will be showing dresses with matching ribbed tights to cut into the pant scene. Even maternity clothes (that dull dreary subject) will get a lift from the pant look for some of the designers of this type of

Two American Sisters On De Namur Council CINCINNATI (NC) Two American Sisters have been elected to the general council of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur at Rome. They are Sister Edith Ryan, coordinator of a self-study program for renewal of the congregation's Ohio province, and Sister Joan Bland of Trinity College in Washington, D.C. Their election came at the congregation's general chapter in Rome and was announced at the headquarters of the Ohio province. It was also announced that Sister Patricia Mary Flanagan of Chicago has been named superior of the Ohio province. She succeds Sister Agnes Fasy, who will go to Kenya, Africa, to assist in the establishment of a new mission.

Favor Affiliation ST. PETERSBURG (NC) - Fr. John X. Linnehan, president of the St. Petersburg Priests' Senate says a poll of diocesan priests favors affiliation with the National Federation of Priests Councils.

without the trousers they also give the consumer douole value for their money. A two-outfit package for the price of one. This two outfit look, using slacks with a tunic top that can be worn alone isn't just limited to the outfits for those ladies-inwaiting. Even in the lower price lines this two for the price of one look will be a big seller. In fact I noticed while thumbing through the Fall and Winter catalogue of one of the leading mail-order houses that arrived this week that dresses with matching slacks will be a big item for their customers. Fashion is a fickle friend and it takes quite a bit of time before it does filter dClwn from the beautiful people to those of us in the common group. Perhaps this big push on the pant-look from this low-priced catalogue house is an indication that the trend is nearing its end. Incidentally, because I'm more of a New England puritan than a "pace-setter" it was only this past seaso':! that I purchased a very swishy pair of bell-bottoms. Made of a soft terry that has the feel and look of velvet they are a fun-fashion to wear but one can't help feeling conspicuous in them as they swirl' around one's ankle: However, they are comfortable and I do think I'll take a belated venture into a pant-suit this Fall. Won't you join. me?

Canadian Senate Passes Re~axed Abortion Bill OTTAWA (NC)-The Canadian Senate has given its third and final reading to a bill whieh permits both abortion and homosexuaiity under certain circumstances. The omnibus bill, which now only requires the assent of Queen Elizabeth for passage, amends the present Criminal Code on abortion, homosexuality, lotteries, impaired driving and many other matters. The bill exempts acts of gross indecency from prosecution when they are committed by two consenting adults in private. It also permits abortions when the mother's life or health i~ endangered as a result of the, . pregnancy. '

LONDON (NC) - An English nun publicized last year for criticizing male domination in the Church has left this country to found a new experimental community in British Columbia, Canada. Sister Margaret Rowe, after 20 years in a Carmelite convent in Wales, is with the support of Bishop Remi de Roo of Victoria planning a small community with a maximum of five members centering its life on prayer and contemplation while playing a full part in the life of the local ~...,~",._.......u"",~~",,-~.':';'''•• .•__ .A:~._ ..... '~ .J parish. AFRICAN BISHOPS TO MEET: This is the Pastoral Instit.ute Sister Margaret has sent an of Eastern Africa, which will be the site of the All-Africa Bishops' .open letter to eight religious Symposium, the first gathering of representatives of 28 Epis- papers with which she has been copal Conferences on the African continent. Among seven Car- associated. In it she explains dinals and 315 residential bishops in Africa, more than 100 that she has renounced her are natives of their areas. NC Photo. canonical status because the experiment goes beyond the existing rules of the VatiCan Congregation for Religious. There is, for instance, to be The/Association of the Sacred Kelly, Mrs. John Scott and Mrs. no material enclosure, although Hearts' of Holy Redeemer Par- Frank Maloney conducting sales. this is an experiment in contemMrs. Alexander W. Griffin and plative community. For this reaish, Chatham has completed plans for the annual Summer Mrs. Donat Barabe will head the son her community will be diSale to be conducted for the Food Table while the offerings rectly responsible to the bishop. benefit of the parish on Thurs- of the Snack Bar will be handled The other members of the day, July 24 from 10 in the by Mrs. Gilbert A. Surette, Mrs. community have not yet been morning until three' in the aft- Harry H. Henchenroder, Mrs. finally selected and Sister Marernoon. James Jackson and Mrs. Louis garet has gone ahead to make The multiplicity of booths is D'Entrremont. arrangements in Canada. Mrs. Frederick K. Crawford indicative of the opportunities that will satisfy the tastes of all and Mrs. Lawrence J. Frawley Consecrate Dutch will be in, charge of the sales of visitors to the affair. The Christmas Booth will be tablecloths, laundry bags, tote Bishop in Barn bags apd toaster covers. headed by Mrs. Joseph Riley and GRONINGEN (NC) - Without Books and jewelry will be Mrs. Joseph F. Ropulewis, whil~ available for anyone visiting the a miter and using a real shepMrs. William G. Hynes and Mrs. booth conducted by Mrs. George herd's crook instead of the traAlfred S. Sankas will be in J. Fleckenstein, Mrs. Walter D. ditional bishop's crosier, Bishop charge -of the Boutique. Rogers, Mrs. Thomas M. O'Leary John B. MoeIler, 45, was consecrated bishop of Groningen in a Mrs. F. Murray Sullivan and and Mrs. Edward Ackerman. Mrs. Arthur Romero will staff Mrs. Charles K. Bladen and huge barn on a farm in the near· the Apron-Dusters Booth. Mrs. William Madden are chair- by village of Zuidlaren. A Protestant minister )Vas The Dresses-Beach Coats sec- ladies of the White Elephant among those who said prayers. tion will have Mrs. William F. Table.

Chatham Porish Summer Sale


Organize Plan to Train lay Missionaries LONDON (NC) - A pilot scheme to give proper training to lay ,missionaries leaving Britain for underdeveloped countries has been organized here. Named the Volunteer Missionary Movement, it will give short first courses at two missionary colleges in London-the White Fathers and the Mill Hill Fathers "":""for 20 volunteers. The courses start in October and the volunteers leave for. overseas in December. It has been organized by Miss Edwina Gateley, English teacher familiar with the problems facing missionaries in Africa, and is inviting well-educated young people to join for a minimum of two years' service oversea$.


THE ANCHORThurs., July 10, 1969

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THE ANCHORThurs., ',,July 3,

Ukrainian Center Opened in Rome


NotreDameHead Opposes Voting Rights Change

ROME (NC) - A church for Ukrainian Catholics and an institute for Ukrainian studies have been opened in Rome, fulfilling a long-felt desire of Soviet-exiled Joseph Carqinal Slipyj. The new complex of buildings devoted to service of Ukrainian Catholics spread throughout the world is located on the north'eastern outskirts of Rome. The church, modeled on the basilica of St. Sophia in Kiev,. was consecrated and is the realization of a dream of Cardinal Slipyj ever since he was nileased by the Russians in 1963, after 18 years of imprisonment. The institute is to have three faculties: theology, philosophy and law, and mathematics. While Cardinal Slipyj has the. title of major archbishop of Lvov, U.S.S.R., he lives in Rome and has not returned to his homeland since his release was obtained by Pope John XXIII, in 1963.

WASHINGTON (NC) Father Theodore M. Hes'burgh, C.S.C., chairman of the U.S. Civil Rights Commission, has revealed his opposition to' the Nixon administration's proposal to rewrite' the 1965 Voting Rights Act. His three-page letter has been forwarded to the House Judiciary Committee which has been holding hearings on voting-rights legislation. _ Father Hesburgh believes the administration's propo'lal to abolish advance federal clearance of new state and local election laws would weaken the government's efforts to eliminate discrimination against Negro voters. Endanger Extension Atty. Gen. John M. Mitchell, testifying on the administration plan, had' proposed as a substitute that the federal government could file suit against any state and local election laws that were racially discriminatory. Rep. Emanuel Celler of New York, committee chairman, who previously had opposed the, proposal, said he is "suspicious that the administration really wants to kill the Voting Rights Act by this ruse" of proposing seemingly broader legislation. Rep. William M. McCulloch of Ohio, the committee's ranking Republican, while not questioning the administrative's motives, said its proposal could endanger simple extension of the Voting Rights Act, which is due to expire next year. ,Mitchell AlternaUves Rep. McCulloch, in opposing the administration plan, said the ' 1965 law has been "highly successful" in enabling 800,000 Negroes to register as voters in seven southern states that previously used literacy tests and other devices to bar them from' registering. ' Rep. Celler, backed by the Civil Rights Commission, contends the gains could be lost if the Voting Rights Act is allowed to expire. Reps. Celler and McCulloch, sponsoring a five-year extension of the act, claim they have majority committee support. Mitchell has countered that if those states resume discriminating against Negroes, the attorney general could go to fed/:ral court to block them. Prolong Abuse The trouble with that, committee sources said, is tha t it puts the burden on the federal government to find the discrimination and prove it, allOWing discrimination while the cases are in court. The same objection is raised to Mitchell's p'roposal to replace pre-clearance laws with a clause enabling the attorney general to block them in court after they are passed. father Hesburgh, president of the University of Notre Dame, who has been a membt'r of the Civil Rights Commission since 1958, was named chairman by President Nixon in March.

Name Adminisfrrator GRAND RAPIDS (NC) - Auxiliary Bishop Joseph C. McKinney was elected by the diocesan board of consultors to serve as administrator of the Grand Rapids diocese until a successor is named to the late Bishop Allen J. Babcock. Bishop McKinney, 40, a native of Grand Rapids, was, ordained to the priesthood in 1953 and consecrated a bishop on Sept. :>'6, 1968.

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MISSIONARY AIRLINE: RAPTIM, an international travel agency for miSSionaries, carried more than 5,000 mission workers to Africa and the Far East in 1968. It was organized by mission-sending Religious Or~ers in 1949 in The Netherlands. NC Photo.

Missioners Travel to Destination by Air Four R'eligious Orders Organize Agency ROME (NC) - There are no mini-skirted' stewardesses serving champag~e, but there is a Catholic missioOlii-y "airline." ' That old image of traveling apostles handing out penny cate,chisms, living in straw h4ts and using huge cooking pots, is as obsolete as tropical helmets. Today a missionary priest in sports clothes or a missionary nun in plain dress may spend a couple of weeks at the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization in Rome, brushing up on regional diatetics or soil problems. And to get to the field afar where they can put this knowhow to' work most missionaries prefer to travel by plane: The demand for flight accommodations has been so great in recent years that the missionaries have acquired their own "airline." The home base for the departures is Amsterdam. From there missionaries from the United States, England, and Northern Europe begin their journey. Started in Holland After a brief landing in Rome, the plane continues on an eighthour flight to Entebbe in Uganda. Passengers may then go on to Nairobi, Kenya, or smaller planes may take them to regions more remote. On other trips the missionary plane touches base in Bangkok. From there missionaries find their way' to mission centers or remote islands of the East. , The idea of the missionary "airline" was born in Holland in 1949, out of the need for ,missionaries to get to an~as where help was needed. Father Van 'den Ven of the White Fathers, who serve 56 dioceses in Africa. met with representatives of four missionary orders: The Holy Ghost Fathers, the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, the Mill Hill Fathers and the Jesuits. Together they organized the Romana .Associatio pro Trans-

venendis . Itinerantibus Missionaries (RAPTIM) as an international travel agency for missionaries. In Jet Age -At first, the planes' and pilots were chartered -where they could be found. The planes were the old reliable DC-3s; later, DC-4's were available to carry 80 passengers. "Then slowly, we came into the jet age and DC-8's carrying 180 passengers," explained Henryk J. Piotrowski, RA,PTIM's general manager. "Last year RAPTIM carried over' 5,000 missionary workers to Africa and, the Far East. Our Eastern service began in 1966," he said. 'RAPTIM also runs nine information centers, at Rome, Buenos Aires, Brussels, Montreal, Paris, Achen, Germany; the Hague, and Tillbury and Salisbury, England.

DO ° FI °d locese DI11 orl a Marks Second, Year ORLANDO (NC)-Bishop WiIliam D. Borders has disclosed a wide ranging program will mark the second year of the 13-county Orlando diocese. 'The program, Bishop Borders said, will include: migrant work. er services; a neighborhood multi-service center for the poor in Lakeland; a medical clinic at Gifford City service center; a center for the poor in Ocala; a tithing program to be inaugurated in the fall; continuing establishment of lay boards to work in various fields. The bishop emphasized that there will be an increasing call for more laymen to become involved in' social services, hospital work, education, parish work, administration and Qther fields. He said that, as the diocesan organization continues to expand, there will be need for help from the laity to serve on various boards and in a variety of positions. The diocese was ,oneyear-old on June 18.

The centers supply travel information to .religious orders, not only for RAPTIM flights but for other charter flights as welL' RAPTIM is supported by religious orders that pay in proportion to the accommodations they require. / "We have Japanese, North and South Africans, Koreans, South Americans, Indians.. Chinese and every nation in Europe to deal with," Piotrowski said.

Better Summer Break For Philly Youth PHILADELPHIA ,(NC) - The Philadelphia Archdiocese through four of its community-service agencies, is operating 14 separate programs to give more than 13,000 disadvantaged, inner-city youngsters a better break this Summer. The programs, now in progress, involve more than $413,000 in federal' aid channeled through city agencies, local> anti-poverty groups and the public school district of Philadelphia, in addition to grants from two private foundations, a fraternal organization, a public utility and the archdiocese.

SAGINAW (NC)-A new salary scale and retirement policy has been approved by Bishop Francis F. Reh for priests of the Saginaw diocese. The salary scale, effective July I, provides for a base pay' of $3,500 per year-with an increment of $100 per year up to 20 years for every year of service to the diocese. Ordinary household expenses of the priest will be paid by the parish. He also will be provided an automobile allowance for parish business. Offerings made for Masses, baptisms, weddings, funerals, will,no longer go. to the' priest, but to the parish treasury. The Christmas collection, heretofore for priests of the parish, will now go to the Priests' Retirement Fund. This will be a saving to parishes by abolishing a special tax which has been levied in the past so that $50,000 of diocesan funds could be given to the priests' retirement fund. The new plan will become effective Jan. I, 1970. A retirement benefit of $500 per month will be 'paid to retired priests who may choose to retire at 65, and must retire at 70.

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Church Replies To Milita,nts In St. Louis

THE ANCHORThurs., July 10, 1969

Plriests Warn Of Revolution

ST. LOUIS (NC) - The archdiocese of St. Louis owns no property in slum areas-except for churches, schools and related facilities that serve the poor and are operated at a deficit. This is the substance of a report issued by Msgr. Francis M. Doyle, executive secretary of the archdiocesan Human Rights Commission, in answer to demands of ACTION, local black militants organization that has interrupted Mass at two Catholic churches here and has promised a continuing series of "Black Sundays." ACTION demanded that the archdiocese "make public all slum properties owned" and disclose all investments in corporations which practice racial discrimination. The Human Rights Commission statement supplemented earlier informal comments made by Dr. Richard Childress, a former chairman of the Human Rights Commission, about the existing debt of the archdiocese. Dr. Childress' comments were his own and were not a response of the archdiocese. Msgr. Doyle said: "I can report that the archdiocese has never invested in slum property." He added that "occasionally a piece of such property has passed through the hands of the archdiocese as the result.of a legacy or some similar cause," but that the archdiocese always disposes of such property "as quickly as we can." No Profit "At times," the report continued, "humanitarian reasons make this (disposal) impossible." It cited the instance of one fourunit building where the tenants pay $15 per month rent. "Since they are unable to obtain housing anywhere at a price they can afford, the archdiocese maintains ownership," the statement said. "Thus, at any given time there may be one or two pieces of residential property in deteriorating neighborhoods owned by. the archdiocese, but for all practical purposes we own no such property and the archdiocese realizes absolutely no profit from 'such property." Msgr. Doyle also noted that the archdiocese own 42 churches and 35 schools in such neighbor. hoods-"few, if any, of which can continue to serve their neighborhood without constant financial aid" from the archdiocese and other parishes.

Prelate Aided Drug Addicts, Alcoholics PATERSON (NC) - Requiem Mass for Msgr. William N. Wall, 52, who worked for 15 years in rehabilitation of drug addicts and alcoholics, was offered in St. John's cathedral here. Burial was in his family plot in St. John's Cemetary, Worcester, Mass. Msgr. Wall, who aided thousands of addicts and drunkards, was killed in a freak accident at "God's Green Acres," a I:n-acre farm he maintained to aid in rehabilitating drug addicts, in rural Sussex County.' A tractor he was operating overturned and crushed him. A priest for 25 years, Msgr. Wall in 1953 opened Mount Carmel Hospital for alcoholics at Straight and Narrow streets here. A short time later he opened St. Dismas Hospital for rehabilitation of drug addicts.


CORDOBA (NC) - A violent uprising of the masses in Latin America is imminent, a group of so-called "progressive" priests warned here. The priests, members of the Third World Movement, made their prediction after a meeting in this third major city of Argentina. (The third world is a term used to describe the underdeveloped nations.) The prospect of a general popular explosion in Argentina and the rest of Latin America was held out by the priests in the light of the bloody disorders here and elsewhere in Argentina in recent weeks. Cordoba was one of the theaters of student-worker disturbances that flared throughout the country in May. Clashes here between the students and workers and police resulted in the deaths of 14 persons. The priests, in their statement, said that suci, disorders are "a symbol and a preview of what will come shortly among the whole of the Argentine and Latin American masses, who want a new order in .political, social, economic and cultural fields." PONTIFICAIl. COMMISSION: The General Council of the Pontifical Commission for latin America (COGECAl) recently met in Rome and was received by the Holy Father following a study that recommended improvement in the selection, preparation and performance of missionary personnel sent to aid the apostolate in latin American countries. NC Photo. .


College Governing Board Autonomous

ATCHISON (NC) - The first autonomous governing board independent of the control of St. Benedict's Abbey-has been approved for the 111 -year-old St. Benedict's College here in Kansas, Abbot Thomas Hartman, The Second Vatican Council's find much that is irrational, com- O.S.B., chairman of the 'present Declaration on Religious Liberty, pulsive and biologically deter- board, has announced. Father Hennessy stated, "traced mined within our own makeup. Abbot Hartman said six mem."No man is a full-statured man's right to freedom of conscifree man," he continued. "He is路 bers of the new 12-member board ence to his inborn dignity as a only growing up into freedom.. of directors will be recognized human person. "By reason of his autonomy As he comes to grips with his leaders in education, business or physiological and psychical de- the professions, but outside the as a person, which is a continuity of self-consciousness and terminisms, whether conscious or' membership of the Benedictine unconscious, he enjoys only rel- community of St. Benedict's a concurrent sense of responsibility, a man always has the- .ative freedom * (: :~ * Flight Abbey. One member of the board will right to move reasonably toward from the struggle involved can a goal he has路 honestly chosen stem from failure to accept the be the superior of the abbey, and responsibility of freedom in eith- five other board members shall for his own happiness * * * er the personal or social exac- be members of the chapter of the Free Man Benedictine community, he said. "The right to follow one's tions it places upon us." . The abbot also stated the own conscience," he continued, board will elect its own chairman "comes from the need of every Dictatorshwp and vice-chairman from. among human person to. use and en- Burma the board members. joy his own power of .critical Bars Missionaries appraisal in a world of personal LONDON (NC)-The dictatorresponsibility." ship of Burma in south east Asia, Speaking of the "inevitability has allowed . no missionary of struggle" in the pursuit of priests or nuns to enter tne personhood, Father Hennessy country since 1962, according to said he believes there is "value an exiled Italian bishop from the in this stress on man's being republic here on a visit. only potentially rational. Free Bishop Fernando Guercilena of creatures that we are, we still Kengtung said his vast diocese bordering China, Thailand and now has only 10 old Italian National Conference Laos priests and a few local nuns to carryon religious instruction For Black' Sisters and look after its many lepers. PITTSBURGH (NC)-The National Black Sisters' Conference, Fourteen of the younger priests a chartered nationwide organiza- have heen repatriated together tion, has established its head- with many nuns. quarters here in Pennsylvania. The 2DD-member organization aims to "study and evaluate the moral and spiritual aspects of white racism." It also aims to "seek more effective ways to bring about a living Christian relationship between blacks and whites on the social and educational levels of American life," according to the organization's charter. Sister Martin de Porres Gray of the Sisters of Mercy, conference president, said the organization of Catholic nuns will hold its second annual meeting at the University of Dayton, Ohio, in August. 5111111111111III III11111III III IIII III1111III III IIJ IIII111111III III IIII III III IIIHI III III III1111111111III III II III1111111II III III III III1111III/?,

Discuss Freedom, Personhood in Church Priest Tells ReHgious Leaders Face Challenge SANTA CLARA (NC) - ' Responsible freedom motivated by a sense of duty is the ultimate norm of morality, a priest told a meeting here of superiors of men religious. Father Augustine P. Hennessy, C.P., editor of the Sign magazine, delivered the keynote address at the 12th annual assembly of the Conference' of Major Superiors of Men's Institutes of the U.S.A. (CMSM) at the University of Santa Clara here. Theme of the meeting was "Freedoms in the Church." Father Paul M. Boyle, C.M., provincial of the' Passionate Fathers' Western province, with headquarters in Chicago, was elected CMSM president, succeeding Father Gilbert Graham, O.P., provincial of the Dominican province of St. Albert the Great, with headquarters in Chicago. Freedom of Conscience Speaking on the subject, "Freedom jn the Pursuit of Personhood," Father Hennessy ~said the crisis of faith among totlay's youth, their search for leadership and a clearly defined goal makes it necessary for today's religious leaders to "face the challenge of freedom in pursuit of personhood as it manifests itself in contemporary life." Freedom in pursuit of personhood, Father Hennessy said, is "a relentless summons to be somebody;" "a willing acceptance of struggle" and "a recognized opportunity to serve the common welfare."

Mother General BUFFALO (NC) - Mother Dolores Eileen Thorndike, who has worked in a Brooklyn program for the mentally retarded since 1965, has been elected mother general of the Franciscan Missionary Sisters of the Divine Child. She succeeds Mother Margaret Mary, who has headed the order for the last six years.

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College Presidents Draw Lessons From Disruptions on Campus

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-:-Thurs., July 10,1969

Northern Ireland Problems

NEW YORK (NC) - Concluding a meeting here on campus' unrest and violence, nine college presidents issued statements on "lessons to be drawn from a year's experience of campus disruption." The meeting was held in the John· La Farge Institute while, according to a spokes'man, "details and impressions were still fresh in their minds." During a press conterence Dumont F. Kenny, president of York College, Flushing, N. Y., and chairman of the group, said "speculation on the causes of current unrest, although highly

Economic-Not Theological By Msgr. ~eorge G. Higgins Director, Division of Urban Life, U.S.C.C.

In January of this year, ;nhen the ~ivil rights movement in Northern Ireland moved into hIgh gear and predictably met with vi.olent resistance from Rev. Paisley and his fanatical Protestant followers, L'Osservatbre Romano characterized the conflict in Ulster as a war of. religion. emphatically· in an article entitled "Ulster After The Bludg"Londonderry," the Vatican' eons," in the May 19 issue of daily editorialized, "is. rav- The Nation.


aged by clashes which remind one, not so much of street bra w I s, but rather of a true and proper war of religion." It said that in the six co unties of Northern Ireland, "Catholics are in a condition which makes the m second and third-class citizens." . This strikes me as being' an oversimplification of a very. complicated problem. ... To be sure, religious discrimination, going back for centuries, is one of the major sources of the trouble in Northern Ireland. Indeed it would' probably be fair to say, .that nowhere else in the so-called free world has there been so much coldblooded religious bigotry as in Ulster. Militant Struggne Donald Connery goes so far as to say in his recent book, "The Irish," that "there are few places in Christendom where the humane teachings of Christ have become so perverted. The Irish Republic may have its own col- . lection of fanatics who are beyond the pale of' reason, but Northern Ireland excels in its abundance of diseased minds. I have heard it said that Ulster n'eeds nothing so much as. a decade of atheism to get itself straightened out." That may be putting the case against Ulster a litHe too strongly or, in any event, too rhetorically, but the record will show, I think, that Connery's as· sessment of the situation in the North is basically accurate. This having been said, however, I think it is important for Americans to realize that the new civil rights movement in Northern Ireland is primarly a militant-some would say, a. revolutionary - struggle for social and economic justice and only secondarily a protest agains.t r.eligious discrimination as such.. Miss· Bernadette Devlin, the celebrated heroine of the' movement, was at pains' to make this point for the record when she announced at a 'civil rights rally in London on June 22 that she· does not intend to· run again' for· the seat in the British Parliament to which she ·was. elected only last April. Fight for Underdogs "The problem of Northern Ireland," she said, "is not that Catholic and Protestant hate each other. We .do not hate our fellow citizens 'because they go to a different church. "We are fighting for the Catholic and Protestant underdogs of the working class. The. problems of Northern Ireland are not theological but economic. There is not enough work for 'those at the lower end of the social scale." Benedict Kiely, a Northern Irish author living in the States, made the same point even more

To many outsiders, he wrote, the struggle in the North "still seems to be a simple matter of Catholic against Protestant. Time Magazine," he continued, FR. ROLAN.D DESCHENES "has described Miss Devlin as the new Catholic leader. I can't imagine any description that would less please, or worse describe, that hardheaded young Continued from Page One Socialist. rank of Domestic Prelate on "It is also the last hope of the 12, 1964. die-in-the-ditch conservatives to March Father Martine~u keep alive the ancient politico· Father Martineau 'was· born sectarian hatreds. . . . For any March 29, 1916 in Fall River. The union of all men of goodwill, or son of Lydia 'Bourque' Martineau just of horse sense, on a basis of common interest would end and the late Norbert H. Martirieau, he was graduated from St. the regime as it now stands." Anne's school and continued his Basic, Economic Rights secondary education at Berthier· Si~ilarly Peter Buckman notes ville, P.Q. and Seminaire de Joliin an article entitled "Ireland's ette. 'Niggers'" in the July issue of He completed his· .studies at Ramparts (a very good article in Seminaire de Philosophie and a magazine I can generally do Grand Seminaire in Montreal and without), that the greatest was ordained by the late Most achievement of the civil rights Rev. James E. Cassidy, D.D. on movement in Northern Ireland June 4, 1942. "has been an alignment of the . He served as assistant at St. Irish on class, ,rather than sec- Michael's, Ocean Grove until his tarian lines." assignment to St. Joseph in 1944. What is new; he says, about Father Deschenes the student actiVi'S'tS- and· the Father Deschenes 'is 'the son" other militants who make up the of Mr. and Mrs. Adenard Desmovement is that they are de- chenes of North Attleboro. He manding basic economic and po- was graduated from St. Francis litical rights, noJ political power HighSchool, Biddeforc;l, Maine for a Catholic Parliamentary ma- and attended St. Francis College jority or for a union with Eire. in that city for two years, comMr. Buckman might have pleting his studies for the priestadded that the militants-and, hood at St. Mary's Seminary, according to Connery, the major- Baltimore. ity ofran~-and-file UI.ster CatllOrd~ined May 20, 1967 in the olics as well-are not in favor of Cathedral by Bishop Connolly, th¢ reunification of Ireland. he was assigned to St. Michael's. "One great factor in the easing of tensions," Connery suggests, .."""""",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"',,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"',,,,,,,,"',,"""""'" "is the evidence, that most Ulster Catholics are convinced that colleen of the gecade may come they are better off in Northern as a surprise to some of her Irish Ireland than they would be in American supporters. ' the Republic." If so,· however, it's their own Demand Social Justice fault, for she has never tried to Miss Devlin, for her part, is .conceal the fact that she is not only opposed to reunifica-' working for the establishment of tion; she is also extremely criti- .: a socialist movement. in which cal of the Republic in the South . industrial workers, student ac-. for its alleged failure to meet the tivists, and other militant groups basic social and economic needs in Northern Ireland can join forces in an all-out effort to "get of its' own :people. . . She told Mr. Buckman: in a a just society for Protestants and very revealing interview· whiCh is' Catholics." . ' published as a kind of appendix I wiSh her every success. She to his Ramparts article, that "we is a great little lady" and, if I do not want union with Eire know their type, even those Irish either; we want them to organize Americans who have made' it up and demand their social justice'." the ladder and may be embar: 'In short, Miss Devlin's plat- rassed by the fact that she inform has little, if anything, in' sists on· calling herself a Social-. common with the nostalgic and ist, will find it in their hearts to very simplistic rhetoric which drink a toast in her honor the one is accustomed 'to hearing at next time they get together St. Patrick's Day dinners in the around. the festive board to United States. reminisce about the glories of She. is something new under the old country. the sun~an Irish revolutionary who is fighting, not against the Protestant establishment as such nor for- a united Ireland,' but basically for social justice, North INSURANCE AGENCY, INC. . and South of the border and across the Channel in England as 96 WILLIAM STREET well. NEW BEDFORD, MASS. Surprise to Supporters I have already quoted Benedict 998-5153 997-9167 Kiely as saying that Miss. Devlin PERSONAL SERVICE is a "hardheaded Socialist." This characterization of. their favorite



rather than with their campus manifestations." Demands Under Duress The college presidents found 12 points as practical lessons drawn from the past's experience. In the main, they included: Clear cut policies and procedures to be followed in case of campus violence must be thought through, established and published. . There should be no negotiation of demands under duress, such as when personnel are detained or buildings occupied. It must be made clear to all that there can- be no amnesty for civil or criminal lawbreakers. interesting and important, was Students should be reminded put aside' for more practical . tasks of finding guidelines for of the major stake they have in action in the immediate future." answering and implementing a Kenny listed several points of basic question of college govconcensus which emerged during ernance, "Who' represents the the meeting. He also provided a students?" When student govbac~drop for lessons drawn from . ernments are representative and the sessions. legitimate, college administra, tions should support them Each campus situation, the against challenges of "coalitions" college presidents said they be- and "ad hoc committees," gen. lieve, is unique. Complexity and erally a tiny minority purporting variety of details in individual to speak for all the students. situations, despite superficial Media Exploitation similarities, cannot' be underestimated when searching for A further lesson drawn by the rules generally applicable, they presidents is that university said. Second, they added, acci- faculties must face up to their' dental and irrational factors play responsibilities in dealing with a considerable role in nearly all unprofessional and irresponsible campus disorders., conduct of those few faculty Violent Actions members who have engaged in such practices as manipulating The group said they further and irritating students for their believe a re-examination of col- own partisan and political goals. lege grovernance and resulting justifiable changes-generally in Since sensational press coverthe direction of a. tri-partite age and mass media exposure (student-faculty _ administration) are goals of the. more militant structure-are marks ofa for- activists, the presidents said, ward looking administration. they believe media representaViolent and disruptive actions, tives must be made to realize they believe, strike at .the very that mass media' exploitation of heart. of 'construC'tive· dissent, '. a c.ampus disturl;>;mce ·haS'll:!ways·f academic freedom; and .due proc- exacerbated it, while restrained ess in the accomplishment of and responsible coverage has reform, 'all of which are the ear- caused many campus disturbmarks of a free university, and ances to fade quickly. cannot be countenanced. The conference of nine college· Since members of the aca- presidents, which was 'sponsored .demit community are subject to by a grant from the Knights of the same civil and criminal laws Columbus, will be followed by as every other citizen, imposition another meeting later in the of repressive legislation designed year.' as campus control measures which tend to single out students for special restrictions are unfair and have no validity in principle Complete and practice, the college presidents said. BANKING "On the contrary," Kenny said, "because many problems of the SERVICE social order tend to shovy' up . earlier and be more visible in educational institutions, a helpful for Bristol County focus for legislative efforts would be attempts to deal directly and positively with the.· social roots of these problems I

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 10, 1969

Tells Nuns to End Renewal




community to choose what she will wear depending on the nature of her work. That the community generally confine itself to its original apostolate, in this case teaching, rather than engaging in a wide variety of activities. That a fixed schedule of comSister Mary Mark Zeyen, vicepresident of Immaculate Heart munity spiritual activities be College, Los Angeles, and vice- established for all members. That Sisters cooperate with president of the religious community, said the main points of the Bishop of the diocese in the directive recited by Arch-' which they are located. bishop Casey, are:

LOS ANGELES (NC) A spokesman for the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart has confirmed that a special pontifical commission headed by Archbishop James Casey of Denver has directed the termination of its controversial renewal program.

That the Sisters should adopt a uniform habit rather than permitting each member of the

SlEEK RIGHTS: St. Patrick's Cathedral, Harrisburg, was the scene of the organizational meeting of POWER, Pennsylvanians on Welfare Exercising Rights. Members of POWER later held a demonstration at the state Capitol. NC Photo.



Virtue is its own reward. -Cicero




Belgian Cardinal Suenens Gives Views Emphasizes He Speaks Only of Functions Continued from Page One cumstances will vary according to the individual temperment. Favorable Comments I did not say that all nuncios can or do succumb to that risk, thank God, but rather that that risk is inherent to the function. My comment should have been read in that perspective and not given a personalistic interpretation. 'Q. Have you had reactions from places other than Rome? A. Yes, I have received a great number of letters thanking me for the fact that I said what so many are thinking-and seeing in that openness something other than destructive criticism. I really think when a crisis exists, the first need is to disassociate the truth from any excesses of language and from negative criticism. It's very different to criticize out of love for the Church and the Pope rather than out of lack of faith-the danger yesterday was the loss of popular acclaim, today the danger is a possible loss of intellectual acclaim. Some people have said, in a cautions way, that they agree with what I said, at least 80 or 90 per cent of it, but that it was inopportune for me to have said all that I did at this time. New Generation My answer to that reaction is as follows: a) I start the discussion by asking just what day or month or year the discussion of those problems will be opportune? Somehow I never get an answer. to that precise question. b) Then I observe that where there are tensions it is always opportune to admit them frankly. That is a first step to solution. I think now is the opportune time because we are in a crisis; we are losing some of the best members of the Church. It is urgent for us to open a dialogue with them to help them to remain faithful. The time has passed for us to be like an ostrich with our head in the sand. c) Finally, I think the problems I have raised for discussion will need a serious time of study in the Church. I am not speaking for tomorrow. I am thinking in the context of the future, the next generation, but we have to start the discussion now. Letters of Criticism Q. Will the Synod of Bishops solve the problem? A. A synod cannot solve such complex problems in a fortnight

or without serious theological preparation and then not only with theological competence. The best we can hope for is that with the help of the new Theological Commission established by Pope Paul, the synod will make a good inventory of the problem. We don't need some generic juridical tests, but simply to face the real problems of daily life. Q. There have been reports in -the press that Cardinal Tisserant has sent you a strong letter of protest and asked for a public retraction. Is that true? A. The press has carried such reports of letters from Cardinal Tisserant and other cardinals. According to these reports my interview was judged as being defamatory, disrespectful and even slanderous with regards to officials of the Roman Curia. Let me say, first of all, that difference of opinion is quite normal in the Church, but I cannot accept that my iiltentions are questioned and that a discussion which was-'about ecclesiastical structures should be considered as al} attack on personalities. I had attempted at the beginning of the interview, to anticipate such criticisms in emphasizing that I would only speak "in terms of tendencies, functions and institutions as such, rather than of personalities;" fn any case, I say again that the intentions of individuals are not under question, and to classify' them 'en bloc' would be an oversimplification. Furthermore, I mentioned in the interview that the problems of the administrative reorganization of the Church and the exercise of the ecclesiastical authority have been already questioned for many centuries, and were even brought before the First Vatican Council. It is obvious then, that I was not speaking of specific persons, but rather of structures and systems in the Church. Discussing the exercise of authority is not at all the equivalent of denying that same authority. I, therefore, consider as being totally unacceptable the accusation made against the interview, saying it was defamatory and slanderous and I therefore also see no cause for a retraction. Expression nnvitation Q. One of the main objections seems to be that regardless of whatever merits your criticisms might have there is no need for public discussions of the problems.

A. I quite admit that there can be divergence of opinion about the adequacy of public discussion of these problems. Certain people want them to be treated in very private circles and others do not want them to be discussed at all. But my answer to that criticism is that the problems are there-as public as can be. I did not bring out any secrets - the council documents already have raised .and made public many of those problems and the council wrote a strong invitation for the people 'of God to express themselves. If the Church is the people of God, then this is a normal consequence. Discussion Intolerance Frank, open and constructive dialogue, inspired by a loye of the Church and its head (Pope Paul), is a sign of vitality and strength. It is normal and healthy that there should be this open discussion about vital problems which concern the whole Church, and all the more so, when these problems are felt in their acuity and urgency all over the world, and are being publicly discussed in the press whether we like it or not. Intolerance of public discussion of these differences, under the pretext of' preserving unity, seems to me to be harmful in the present day. Honest Voices Furthermore, the numerous and positive reactions to the interview, coming from laity and priests of every rank, from at home and abroad, show that the suggestions made merely expressed the feelings of many and that, if implemented, they could help to surmount the tragic situation in which the Church finds itself today and which impedes its mission in the world, in the service of humanity. We are confident that a careful, reading of the whole original text and not falsified extracts or fragments out of context will enable one to form an objective judgment. And to conclude, it would perhaps be useful to re-read these lines of His Holiness, Pope Paul VI, by which he invited the mem·· bers of the Roman Curia "to receive criticism with humility, reflection and even gratitude. Rome has no need to defend herself by turning a' deaf ear to suggestions coming from honest voices, and all t.he more so, when they come from friendly and fraternal ones."




Ripped apart by war in the Holy Land. Most are children. Others are sickly, aged. handicapped. The rest are fanners without land, workmen without work. All cling to the shreds of dignity. Each seeks a chance to begin anew. A hot meal. a blanket, a tent, a few tools for the bread· winners, schooling for the children-any of these can start whole families toward piecing their shattered lives together again.




·there are now more than 1.~500.000 refugees from the continuing fighting in the Holy Landand the number increases daily. Some have al· ready worked their way out of poverty. Someone cared enough to train thell1 for new jobs, or helD school their children, cr piece together scattered families. But most are still huddled in open camps, or town slunls, or crowded in with relatives equally poor. The refugee colonies teem witll destitution and a poisonous sense of futility.



Through the Holy Father's Pontifical Mission for Palestine. the Catholic Near East Welfare Asso· ciation has already mended tens of thousands of refugee families through education, new jobs. new housing, medical and orphan care, food, clothing. Any kind of helping hand is eagerly grasped by those eager to help themselves.

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THE ANCHOR-Djocese of Fall . River-Thurs" July 10, 1969 , . . /,



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Catholics Converted COIMBATORE (NC) '- Some 250 Catholics from 70 families became Hindus at a mass -~puri­ fication" ceremony held here in India at a Hindu temple. The Catholics were converted by the ,local unit of Vishwa Hindu Parishad (World Hindu Alliance), a Hindu organization that makes "re-conversion" of Christians, Pilrticularly Catholics, one of its primary go~ls.


SAGINAW (NC)-Bishop Francis F. Reh of Saginaw has endorsed the national boycott of California table

By Barbara Ward The Church is not unaware of the scale of the population explosion in. our day. The discovery of this fact is, after all, fairly recent. Only 30 years ago, the demographers in Western Europe, looking at countries like Britain or France or Sweden,. were Howeyer, a profounder diffiplotting the exact 'year-rin culty' would remain. Even the which these communities wisest counsel, even the most would die out since they effective methods of regulating were no longer producing enough babies 'to make up for adult deaths. It is only in the postVT a r censuses c 0 v e r i n g the whole w 0 rid community that the run way c h a rae t e r o f population growth has become apparent. Today, the prospect that by the end of the century-only 30 years away-the world's population will be growing by a billion every 10 years, has begun to change our whole understanding of the problem. 'In the introduction to Humanae Vitae, Pope Paul VI recognizes the potential gravity' of this vertiginous increase. The encyclical argues, however, that the "safe period" and the rhythm method, being, as it were, implanted in' 'man's biological structure, are the permissible way of dealing with th() problem of "responsible parenthood"-in other words of nofbringing more children into the world than first the family and then the local societly and then the whole planetary community can nourish, educate and support Much Is Unknown At the same time, the Encyclical recognizes that we do not yet . know all that we should about the cycles of fertility which underlie the safe period. They do, in fact, vary very greatly from woman to woman and from age ,to age group. Moreover, research has some questions to ask about the consequences of using the method withoutk~wing more about its real nature. In fact, at. the beginning of the 19th century, nobody had ever heard of the safe period and it is only gradually that research has been directed towards understandiri'g its true significance. It is for this reason that Pope Paul called in Humanae Vitae for more scientific enquiry into the whole question of the rhythm method for, Clearly, if it were possible, by improved understanding, methods and possibly drugs, to make it absolutely safe, then the result would be to abate a great deal of the controversy over the official Catholi,c position. Whether, as a result of scientific intervention, the means .." ould then be less "natural" is a question that has obvious implications for any atempt to define "natural law" in this context.

. Tab~e

grapes. . The former rector of Rome's Nbrtfi American College stated: "I ,am happy to add my own personal endorsement to the position taken by the Michigan Catholic Conference supporting. the national boycott of California table grapes. "With the conference I wish to stress the need for the grape workers in California, as for farm workers in Michigan and elsewhere, to gain recognition of • ~their right to collective bargaining, a living. wage and decent housing.

safe periods by drugs or timetables or whatever, demand a cultural setting in which prudent behavior on the part of parents is even conceivable.. Lower Birthrates It is a simple fact about our world today that the more or less Catholic societies in the developed parts of the planet-like developed Protestant, Communist, humanist or unbelieving. societies-have lower birthrates and a manageable rate of population increase. This is because, SANTE FE (NC) Bishop on the whole, in these countries, James P. Shannon, who has subit is the thoughtful conclusion of mitted, his resignation as auxparents that three or four chililiary bishop of St. Paul and dren, well nourished and well educated, are a better tribute to THE CHURCH AND THE POOR: In a slum .area on the out- Minneapolis, has been appointed parental responsibility than a skirts of Bogota, Colombia, Father Joachim Garcia, an out- vice-president of St. John's Coldozen children who. grow up spoken advocate of the poor, talks with some of his parishioners lege, a nondenominational institution here. without adequate food, with in the parish of St. Vincent de Paul. NC Photo. The appointment was anshrunken minds and abilities and nounced recently by Dr. Richwith a life expectance of perard D. Weigle, president of the haps 10. years. ' college and longtime friend of The parents reach this decision the bishop. Dr. Weigle said the because education and resources bishop will continue to serve as give them the facts UPOlJ. which White W'orker "TeUs It Like It Is' a tutor at the college. to base their 'judgment. They The college here was founded reach it, too, because their whole 'Bull'llch of Eggheads' in 1961 by St. John's College way of life underlines the need to at Annapolis, Md., which dates NEWARK (NC) - "Somebody listen to me because you're a produce healthy, educated chilback to this nation's colonial dren who can, themselves, grow finally came in and told it like bunch of eggheads." It is described as a small times. , it is." up to be responsible citizens. "Whenever one of us opens liberal arts college,' built around mouth;" he said, "he is called his If parerits did not' in fact reThe comment came from a landmark books and requiring act to better knowledge and ed- member of the audience after an a racist or a bigot or something work in language, mathematics ucation by bringing to life small- unscheduled speaker gave his else * * * You're just a group and laboratory science. Dr. Weier families, we might despair of rage free reign at the first New: of intellectuals and not one of gle is president of both instithe issue. No one, wants govern- Jersey Consultation on White us is represented here." tutions. mental fiats and' regulations Ethnic Groups. Bishop Shannon has said he Real Fear which -restrict the parents' most was impressed with the great wasn't The speaker, however,' The speakers, he charged, intimate and sacred rights of' books program of the coHege choice. Yet if Europe and Amer- a black militant but a 46-year- failed t6, recognize "the real, ica were each adding a couple old white factory worker with deep, forebqding fear" in white with which he became acquaintof hundred million mote chil:· an Italian background. Michael. ' neighborhoods of Newark. "It is ed as a summer school student dren every decade-which an an- Giordano stunned the 150 reli- not for you to come along and at St. John's in Annapolis. The 48-year-old bishop took a nual 3 per cent rate of growth gious, educational and civic say to us, 'Your fear is imaginleave of absence from the St. might produce-there would al- leaders attending the consulta- ary,''' he said heatedly. Paul and Minneapolis archcdioready be question of govern- tion by striding to the front of One of a series of such proments "licensing" family size and the lecture hall after listening to grams being promoted in vari- cese last February and served as a visiting lecturer at the ,penalizing offenders who went scheduled speakers for two ous cities by the American Jewhours. college here. beyond it. ' ish Committee, this one was Giordano, a Newark resident , 'more productive than such sesMinimum Standard 00000ooOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO In fact, of course, population 'who said' he quit school after sions elsewhere because of Giorin Europe and North America is the eighth grade and now works darlO's intervention, sponsors asnow growing slowly. The expan- in a can factory to support his serted. sion i~ more or Je?s manageable; " wife' and his. nine. childhm,' said After Giordano, left the meetThis is because the' inducements he - was infuriated be'cause the ing he was greeted by Carl Nichspeakers belittled people such as to parents to produce'the size of ols, leader of the Black Panthers family they' can nurture and ed- himself. in Newark. Nichols, who had ucate are of enormous cultural . "Youv'e been talking about been in the audience, told Giorand social significance. 'But the me," he· told the participants' dano that black people share Burne~s obverse Of this is that unless , heatedly. '''I'm the fellow you're many of his fears and concerns. comparable conditions are spread trying to reach, but you wouldn't 365 NORTH FRONT STREET "If we could just get a diato developing people, they will logue going," he told Giordano, NEW BEDFORD not know either how or why to "you could go home and throw exercise their responsibilities as Bishop 992-5534 Medeiros away· your guns and I could go parents. home and throwaway mine." It is precisely in the miserable Visits Migrants teeming cities, in the stagnant TOLEDO (NC)-Bishop Hum111111I11I11I11I11I11I11I11I1111I11I11I11I11I11I11I11I111I11111111I11I11I11I1111111I11I11I11I11I11I11I1111I111111I11I11I111111I1111I11111111IIII, hopeless countrysides that the berto S. Medeiros of Brownsville, numbers of children go up and Tex., visited here with· migrant up. If we want responsible, vi- farm workers from his diocese ablEdamily ,life,we need not only working in several areas in the better research into fertility but Toledo diocese. NATIONAL BANK . an all-out effort to give all the ofBRISTOLCOUNTli The bishop presently is on a world's families a minimum standard of nourishment, school- tour to visit migrants in IMichi- ' ing and hope. gan, Minnesota and North 90-DAY NOTICE Dakota as well as Ohio. While Once again, it has to be that, TIME at migrant areas here he stopped in the world at large, it is im· OPEN possible to take Humanae Vitae in . Delphos, Ottawa, Bowling ACCOUNT out of the context of Populorum Green and Bono. Interest Compounded Progressio. Where there is hope, The Brownsville diocese' has Quarterly there is responsibility, Where 250,000 Catholics,' 70 per cent of there is none, the tide of un- them Spanish-speaking. Many are Offices in: wanted births and neglected chil- migrant farm workers who leave dren sweeps up to swamp the the diocese to seek seasonal emNORTH ATTLEBORO MANSFIELD A TTI:EBORO FALLS very foundations of society. ployment in other states. 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111I11111111111111111111111111111[111111111111I11111111I11111111I111I11111I111111I11I111111I11111I11111I

Sis,hop Shannpn College Official

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SO. DARTMOUTH DAY CAMP: Variety is the spice of life at the Star of the Sea Villa Day Camp conducted by the Sisters of Mercy at their villa in So. Dartmouth. Sr. Dosithea, RSM., the "Bill Klem" of the camp calls one on Roland Dejesus as Keith Tavares imitates Russ Gibson. James Medeiros sketches the

Plan to Aid All Minority Groups

In New Jersey TRENTON (NC) - In an attempt to assure the rights of all minority groups, the New Jersey Division on Civil Rights will give increasing attention to discrimination practiced against racial and ethnic groups other than Negroes. That pledge was given here by James H. Blair, division director, at a press conference where he cited discrimination against Italians, Jews and Puerto Ricans in particular. These groups, he said, "despite their economic and educational achievements are still subject to the evils of covert and overt discrimination. " His agency, he said, "regards their fight for complete equality" as one of its major functions. He said the division had received a number of housing complaints from Jewish people and that members of other ethnic groups have complained of discrimination in the employment field. Blair, a Negro, said few Puerto Ricans have brought complaints to his department, which has both investigative and enforcement powers. In order to change the situation, he said, more Spanish-speaking people will be added to his 73-man staff. He also said the division will begin launching investigations on its own before waiting for formal complaints. Surveys on discrimination in education, hospitals, nursing homes, insurance, unions, supermarkets, and public unti/ities are planned, he added. Blair also revealed that the division would seek new legislation to enable it to investigate complaints against law enforcement agencies.

Named Secretary JAMSHEDPUR (NC An American Jesuit priest has been named national secretary of the Social Communications Commission of the Indian Bishops' Conference. He is Father Francis X. McFarland, who has been secretary to Bis,hop Lawrence T. Picachy, S.J., of Jamshec\pur, chairman of the three-year-old commission, who has been named archbishop of Calcutta.


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river' scene a 10 Andrew Wyeth. Dr_ Kildare was not present so Sr. Mary Margaret Smith ,RSM., staffs the first aid station. Gilbert Galarza receives instructions on floating from James McCord.

Insist Upon End of Job Discri'minati@n NEWARK (NC)-The responsibility of Catholics to eliminate job discrimination has been emphasized by the Bishops of New Jersey who have called for cooperation with Project Equality, an equal opportunity employment program which was inaugurated on a statewide basis last Tuesday along with other religious hodies. "Every man, irrespective of his race, creed or color, has a . God-given right to use his talents and skills to provide for hiinself and his family the necessities of life," the Bishops averred in their pastor,,~ letter. Review Practices They noted, however, that "despite the clear teachings of our religion and the laws which we have supported in our state and in our nation to protect these rights, discrimination continues to impose 'tremendous economic hardship on millions of our brothers." Declaring that "we must practice what we preach," the Bishops asserted: "Catholic institutions have a serious responsibility to remove any discrimination in their own hiring policies and to use their purchasing power to assist other employers to recognize their moral obligation to provide equal employment opportunity for all." The four Bishops called on pastors and administrators to review their own employment practices "to ensure that persons presently employed or seeking employment are not discriminated against because of their race, color, or, except when required by the nature of their position, their religion." Multiple Causes They noted the employment practices will be reviewed by Project Equality and that criteria to assist in evaluating hiring policies will be provided. "We request all Catholics to coopernte immediately in our program," said the Bishops who directed pastors and administrators "to inform their suppliers of

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goods and services of the aims and methods of this program." Discussing the existence of job bias, they declared: "Discrimination which may exist unconsciously has many causes-ignorance, deficiency in education, bad example and unreasoning fears never subjected to logical scrutiny or the light of truth.

"Positive steps are required on our pact to eliminate discrimination in employment," they asserted because it has "increased other forms of social injustice." Signing the letter were Archbishop Thomas A. Boland of Newark and Bishops George W. Ahr of Trenton, Lawrence B. Casey of Paterson and George H. Guilfoyle of Camden.

National Theological Congress i,. Mexico MEXICO CITY (NC) - This country's first national tlreological congress, 'on the theme "Faith and Development in Mexico: an In-depth Study of the Phenomenon of Development and Its Religious Implications," will be held here Nov. 24-28. The announcement of the congress was made by Msgr. Franciseo Aguilera, director of the catechetical office here and executive chairman of the congress's organizing committee



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O~ ce~~~®ga@lifr11 WASHINGTON (NC) "Much of the unrest in the Church today is due to the fact that collegiality' is not always understood correctly," according to Bishop Joseph L. Bernardin, general secretary of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. He spoke at a special Mass in St. Matthew's Cathedral here commemorating the sixth anniversary of Pope Paul VI's coronation. Collegiality, Bishop Bernardin said, "refers directly only to the relationship between the Pope and the bishops," but indirectly affects the entire Church. "For when the bishops act collegially with the Holy Father, it is understood that they will reflect !he needs, hopes and as-, pirations of the people whom they serve." "Still, it would be incorrect to conl';lude from this, as some seem to do, that collegiality implies a complete democratization of the Church," he aserted. Important Step Bishop Bernardin, in his dIscussion of collegiality, said the bishops' synod to be held 'in October will have as its purpose to discuss the relationship be'tween the episcopal conferences of each country and the Holy See, and the relationship of the conferences among themselves. "This is another important step , toward the full implementation of the concept of collegiality," he said. "But if this collaboration between the Holy Father and the bishop is to. be truly effective, both priests and faithful will have to work closely with their own bishops. "On both sides there must be complete openess and full trust and confidence. Honest criticism is needed, but it must be given in charity and the only motive must be to build up the Church, not tear it down," Bishop Bere nardin added. Members of the diplomatic corps, government officials, judges, members of Congress and other dignitaries were present at the special Mass honoring Pope Paul.

Oppose Formation Of Catholic P'arty

SOMEWHERE IN BIAFRA: All primary schools in Biafra are used-as is this -one-to shelter refugees fmm the two-year-old war with Federal Nigeria. NC Photo.

p~@~ !EMelfgerfiHeyM@~if0Ul)@~ @[flj S~[}u@@~ Pl(~~@tfte ce oih~~ ~ mlJ»®U'il<dl 01TI1@ If 0mHrn U'il~ O@ ~ ce l1"O~O~ CINCINNATI(NC) - Archbishop Karl J.Alter of Cincinnati, dismayed at the possibility that the Ohio legislature might ignore the needs of nonpublic schools, said emergency meetings of archdiocesan organizations will be summoned to con-' sider "alternatives to state aid." These ,alternatives he said, could include: Est~blishment of a tuition plan for Catholic elementary school::; in the Cincinnati archdiocese, which (Ire now tuition-free. Dropping of additional grades from the Catholic elementary schools. (Grade one was discontinued in the Cincinnati archdiocese in 1964, and a number of school.. have dropped the second grade, also.) Withdawal of parish support from diocesan high schools, leaving them completely dependent upon tuition payments. (Parishes now ~ontribute $90 to a central high school fund for each' of their students in Catholic high schools.) Discussion of these alternatives will be taken up at special meetings of, the archdiocesan board of education, the archdiocesan lJastoral council, the board of consultors, and the priests of the archdiocese incelrgy conferences. 'Desperate Need' These discussions will be necessary, Archbishop Alter said, in order to deal with "the financial crisis now facing a substantial number of, our schools, both, in the sullurbs and in the inner city," and to find "alternatives to substantial state aid" in the event that the Ohio General As-

COLOMBO (NC)-The bishops of Ceylon have refused to grant approval to a Catholic political. party that plans to contest predominantly Catholic constituencies in the forthcoming general elections. An official Church spokesman called the formation of the "United Catholic Front" an unwise move, claiming that it is bound to cause divisions between Catholics themselves, and between Catholics and their fellow citizens. Objecting also to the inclusion of the word Catholic in the title of the party, he added that the label "United Catholic Front" could be very misleading. The new party was formed to assure Catholics fuller represenDiCltteSQlI11l Direlttoll' tation in government. A spokesman of ,the Front said that CeyPORTLAND (NC)-Coadjutor lon's two major political parties, Peter L. Garety, apostolic admin7 the ruling United National Party istrator -of Portland, has appointand the Sri Lanks Freedom ed Clarence F. McKay, an emParty, were both dominated by ployee of the Maine government Buddhists, who account for for the past 16 years, as dinearly 65 per cent of the coun- rector of the bureau of diocesan try's 12.5 million people. information, effective July 21.

sembly, now in session, fails to include adequate benefits for pupils in nonpublic schools. Referring to the "desperate need" of Catholic schools, Archbishop Alter declared: "If our Ilonpublic schools go under,it will not only hurt the students in these particular schools but it will become a major disaster for the public schools themselves. It· will mean a tremendous increase in their enrollment and hence new taxes; 'immediate overcrowding of' classrooms; huge expenditures for new schools; an increase in teachers' salaries and at the same time a demand for many more teachers." ' Sense of Fair Play "Self-interest alone Would urge every citizen to keep the nonpublic schools alive," the arch~ bishop said. "Justice, moreover, urges it; and freedom of choice in education, together with a sense of fair play, will put the problem on a much higher level of civic virtue."

Asks Catholics A~d1 Shikell's' Families MONTEVIDEO (NC) The Church has appealed to Catholics here in Uruguay' to aid families affected by the strike of refrigeration and meat packing workers. The strike is one of a series which has involved public and private workers in transportation, banking and the press, and has brought about virtual martial law. The Montevideo archdiocese is helping the families of strikers who reside, in the heavily populated borough of El Cerro in which the struck cold-storage plant is located. The strike is two months old. The strikers have received wide public support. During - a Corpus Christi procession groups of youths asked the public to coop~rate with-- the strikers.


Archbishop Alter added: "If the legisiature will allocate $100 to each child in the non public schools, these schools can survive; moreover, not one cent will be used for religious education but for secular subjects only and such as are approved by the state board of education." He expressed confidence that "if everyone understands the situation, then a fair share of the tax dollar will be made available to all children and the nonpublic schools c;an continue in existence."

Cardinal Hails Chule Pact With Anaconda SANTIAGO (NC)-Raul Cardinal Silva Henriquez, S.D.B.,of Sar1tiago congratulated President Eduardo Frei Montalva over the agreement between the Chilean -government and the U. 'S. Anaconda Copper Company concerning the expropriation of the Anaconda properties here. In _congratulating the president, the cardinal said the acquisition of the property in a twostage expropriation with com,pensation is beneficial to the whole' country and "of extraordinary national importance." Copper is Chile's principal export.

NEW YORK (NC)-Four years ago Bishop Joseph Blomjous, W.F., of Mwanza, Tanganyika, resigned in favor of his auxiliary. The Holland-born bishop said at that time' he thought "it was about time for an African." Bishop Blomjous, a member of the Vatican Secretariat for Nonbelievers and a consultor to various Vatican commissions, had spent 40 years in Africa. It would seem natural for him to seek in retirement a "little peace and quiet." Instead he travels the world attending chapters of Religious, lecturing on the introduction. to modern missions and spreading his enthusiasm and interest in "updating the clergy of the East- , ern Church." "roving" Described as a bishop, the energetic Joseph Blomjous is constantly on the go. When he wants a few weeks of quiet, he said, "I go to Jerusalem." Interviewed during a brief . stop-oyer ,in New York last week in the office of the Catholic Neal' East Welfare Association, the prelate admitted there is a need for updating the clergy everywhere; but emphasized that there is an "even greater need to update the Oriental and Orthodox clergy of the Eastern Church. "Ecumenically this is important, but it is not only for the question of unity. We must go back further than that and make the Christian Church relevant in the modern world. This is especially important in the Middle East."

~«j)IITl*eli'el11llte \1'@ [HI@~@] ~6en'\l1i'10(QJ~ ~@I1ilVelTilto@111l CHICAGO (NC)-The National Catholic Conference for Interracial Justice, with headquarters here, will hold its biennial convention at Loyola University in Los Angeles, Aug. 21 to 24. Theme of the convention, which is co-sponsored by Marymount College, Palos Verdes, Calif.; the Catholic Human Relations Council of Los Angeles, and the Los Angeles Association of Laymen, is: "The Stewardship of power in the Church: A Piece of the Action." Speakers will include: Cesar Chavez, grape pickers' leader in California; Julian Bond, Negro legislator in Georgia, and the Rev. Jesse Jackson of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.

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P .atrrish P,alJrade Publicity chairmen of parish or路 ganizations are asked to submit news items for this column to The Anchor, P. O. Box 7, Fall River

02722. ST. MARY, NEW BEDFORD The newly named board of the Women's Guild met last week for the first time. Serving for the coming year will be: Mrs. Dorothy Heap, president; Mrs. Annette Forgue, vice-president; Mrs. Jeanne Swiszcz, treasurer; Mrs. Alice McHugh, secretary. Serving as advisory board members will be: Mrs. Caroline McMullen, Mrs. Mary Lou Falco and Mrs. Marilyn Pacheco. The board decided that the two most important projects for the coming year will be a fashion show in the Autumn and a Christmas bazaar. The November meeting will consist of a Mass for the deceased members of the guild.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 10, 1969

Seek to Aid DENVER (NC) - Archbishop James V. Casey of Denver has requested aides to prepare a "practical program" to help disadvantaged Mexican - American students. The action by Archbishop Casey resulted from a demand by a student group that the archdiocese contribute $100,000 to set up a scholarship fund for needy students. Archbishop Casey met with representatives of the United Mexican American Students (UMAS), a student organization at the University of Colorado Denver Center.


In a statement following the 90-minute meeting, Archbishop Casey stated: ... "I was happy to meet with eight members of the United Mexican American Students group to discuss ways and means by which the Catholic community of' Denver could be helpful in financing their proposed scholarship prog~am which is designed for the development of leadership among our Hispano and Mexican American youth. "I have asked (Auxiliary) Bishop (George) Evans and Father (Joseph) Torres to meet with the executive committee of ,


UMAS to prepare a detailed and practical program that I could recommend to the Evaluating Committee for the Disadvantaged for consideration." The Evaluating Committee is a group of lay advisors which makes recommendations to the archbishop on the allocation of a $1 million fund set aside to aid the city's disadvantaged. A statement issued by the student group said it "is demanding that the Catholic Church become involved with the problems of the Chicanos (Spanish-speaking youths) in Colorado and not just give lip service."

Some 40 UMAS students waited outside the chancery office while Archbishop Casey was meeting with three representatives of the group.

New Patron VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope Paul VI has relieved Paolo Cardinal Giobbe of the office of cardinal patron of the Sovereign Knights of Malta and named in his place Giacomo Cardinal Valardo, also of the Roman Curia (the Church's central administration).


OUR LADY OF THE ANGELS, FALL RIVER The Holy Rosary Sodality will receive Holy Communion in a body at the 8 o'clock Mass on Sunday morning, Aug. 3 and a breakfast and meeting will follow. The annual Procession in honor of Our Lady of Fatima, under the sponsorship of the Holy Rosary Sodality will be held on Saturday night, Sept. 13 at 7 o'clock. ST. JEAN BAPTISTE, !FALL RIVER .The annual parish bazaar will be held Saturday and Sunday, July 12 and 13, from noon to 11 at Urban's Grove, Tiverton. Free bus transportation will be pro路 vided every half hour from the parish schoolyard. Arrangements are under the direction of Msgr. Henri Hamel, honorary chairman; Arthur Gauthier, chairman; and George Gagnon, co-chairman. French cuisine will be featured at meals served at 5 Saturday afternoon and noon Sunday. Also a special attraction will be music. by "Where the Action Is" at 7 Saturday night. Games, booths, pony rides, swimming and children's amusements will be available.


ST. GEORGE, WESTPORT New Women's Guild officers arc Helen Vaillancourt, president; Helen Mello, vice-president; Alberta Andrade, treasurer; Olivia Cabral and Lucille Maltais, secretaries. The program for next season has been decided upon and will include a cake sale in September, a costume party and afternoon whist in October, and a bazaar in November. HOLY NAME, FALL RIVER Rev. Colin Kidd, O.F.M. of the South African Mission to the Zulus will preach at all Sunday Masses under the Missionary Cooperative Plan.

Dominican !Heads Aquinas Institute DUBUQUE (NC)-Father Kevin D.. O'Rourke, O.P., of Dubuque has been appointed president of the Aquinas Institute, which has its theology school here and philosophy school in River Forest, III. Father O'Rourke succeeds Father Benedict W. Ashley, O.P., who has been assigned to a teaching post at the Institute of Religion, Texas Medical Center, Houston, Tex. Father O'Rourke,' a member of Aquinas Institute faculty since 1958, was faculty dean for the last five years.


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 10,1969

JERSEY CITY (NC) - One by one the causes for which the students at St. Peter's College staged a lengthy strike this Spring are being pulled out from under them by those on whose behalf the demands were made. The latest lost cause is that of Father Daniel Kilfoyle, S.J., who has revealed that he' will leave St. Peter's to teach at Colgate University in the Fall. Before the strike began, Father Kilfoyle announced that he had applied for separation from the Jesuit order and the priesthood and that he had asked for a contract as a layman from St. Peter's. College authorities said they would make no decision on that request, however, until Fr. Kilfoyle's clerical status was cleared up. When they started their strike in April, students had as one of their demands the offering of a contract to Father Kilfoyle. The priest himself was active in the strike in support of student demands. College authorities acceded to the demand and offered Father Kilfoyle a contract. But now, he said, he does not wish to teach at. St. Peter's. "I have every reihson to think that the administration of the college is not' seriously interested in promoting the study of religion and theology in a genuinely free academic atmosphere," he said.

opposed such a subsidy and 38 Continued from Page One Thirty-two percent. of those pet cent favored it. Four persons out of every questioned rated the quality of public education above that of ten questioned said they knew parochial and private education; . "very little" about the public 24 per cent rated private schools schools in their communities' and highest, 21 per cent rated paro- lack of information about nonchial schools highest and 20 per public schools was even more cent rated all three equal in extensive. quality. Approximately 70 per cent of If tuition were free, 30 per American communities have parcent of those queried would ochial schools while only onesend their children to private third have private .independent schools; 20 per cent would send schools. Some 13 per cent of the. them to parochial schools and nation's' 50 million. elementary 41 per cent would send them to and secondary school pupils are public schools. enrolled in nonpublic schools, The four reasons cited for fa- but lessdhan one per cent are voring nonpublic schools were- in private schools' not related to in decending order-superior ed- churches. ucation, social prestige, discipline Private schools were most and an escape from radical dif- often rated superior because they ficulties. are thought to give students Good Discipline more personal attention, while On the question of a direct parochial schools were generally public subsidy to students for praised for their image of. good nonpublic education, !j9 per cent discipline.


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WASHINGTON (NC) - A preBishop Edward E. Swanstrom, diction that two million persons CRS executive director, and Dr. in Biafra will die of starvation James McCracken of Church within the next three weeks if World Services have denounced international relief to Nigeria's the latest Nigerian move against break-away province is cut off the starving in Biafra. came ftom-a presidential advisor The U. S. church organizations here. are members of Joint Church Dr. Jean Mayer, special con- Aid, USA, officials of which sultant to President Nixon on scheduled a meeting in Geneva, hunger, made the prediction in Switzerland, to - discuss what the wake of an announcement by steps can be taken to meet the ' the Nigerian government that it new Biafrari crisis. was taking over from the InterSlender Thread national Committee of the Red Dr; Maye~, Harvard profess~r Cross (ICRC) the functions of co~rdinating food relief to the a.nd .mtern.atI?nally_.known nutn• hungry in Nigerian-held areas of tl~n~st, saId appr?xlm~tely three the civil war-engaged· nation. mIllIon persons m .Blafra ?"er~ In Geneva, Switzerland, Mar- depende~t upon mternatIO~al cel A. Naville, president of the food .~hlpments, . most of whIch ICRC, denounced the Nigerian now ~ere han~mg by a s~end~r government for having relieved thre~d. H~ saId a reduction m the ICRC of the Nigerian relief food supph~s. now could spell ' d e a t h for mJihons. duties. Naville-called the action a Mayer. 'Yent to Biafra on a "deliberate insult" to the human- study mISSIOn last F~bruary.. He itarian ideal of the Red Cross. was selec~ed by Presl~ent NIxon He did not challenge the Nige- to organIze the WhIte H?~se rian gover-nment's right to end Conference op Food Nutntlon Red Cross action, but com- and Health. "We are really seeing the plained the action was taken without prior consultation or death of a nation right' now," • warning. said Mayer, who estimated 1.5 Great Tragedy million in Biafra already had . ht . I'f died of food shortages. Th e Re d Cross nIg aII'I t to ' " . . -Biafra was halted after a Red Wlthm the next three weeks, Cross plane was shot down with two milli~n more pe?ple wil.1 die the 'loss of four lives. With Red of starvatIOn unless mternatIOnal Cross relief supplies tb Biafra relie.f ca.n be continued,': he said. Nlgena an.nounced. It ",:,ould now exhausted, Naville said "we are now at the eve of a great all~w f~od shIpments mto Blafr~, tragedy.'" whIch IS land locked, only If N'ght fl' ht f f d approved by Nigerian military or . I . mercy Ig B 0 00 police, but would not' permit Into Blafra from the off-coast d'Irec t fl'Ig ht s 0 f f 00 d'In t 0 B'la f ra . . Island f rom a-b'roa,. cl . ofd Sao Tome are bemg . contInue by church organIzations, but on a "much crutailed , basis," a spokesman for Cath- L(Jl'W to Gove fuH olic Relief Services, overseas relief agency of U. S. Catholics, Re~igo(HJS fl1'e~dom said. BONN (NC) - Full religious Protestant, Catholic and Jew- freedom is provided in. a new law ish agencies are engaged in the on religious affairs being prerelief venture. pared by the Yugoslavian government, according to the Belgrade newspaper, Politica. Names Secret,ary The paper stated that the law of 1953 has become outdated befoil' Education cause of "the great changes in NEW YORK (NC) -- Terence the relations between church and Cardinal Cooke has named Msgr. state" in Yugoslavia. It reported Theodore E. McCarricl<, retiring that the new legislation recogpresident of the Catholic Uni- nizes equality among all religious versity of Puerto Rico, associate groups and the right of churches secretary for Education in the to exercise their official funcNew York archdiocese. . . tions. The office' of the secretary for Politica added that the proeducation sets policy and super- posed legislation also includes visers activity in the archdiocese, provisions for solving. the finanwhose 300 schools enroll more cial problems of religious comthan 200,000 students. munities.

C(j)If'B~ter®fO©e Shlldi~$ FUTURE BISHOP: Alan J~seph Smith, youngest member of St. Rita's Miss!on, Squaw Valley, Calif." wasn't quite sure of his situation when Archbishop Timothy Manning presented Alan with his scarlet zucchetto or skull cap.' NC Photo.

Ideal B,ishop Priests of British Diocese Prefer Sporitual, Sympathetic Ordinary LONDON (NC) - An official poll of priests of the Brentwood diocese has outlined the. man most of them think should be their next bishop. "He must be a good mixer," the majority said. "He must enjoy the company of ordinary folk. People are more important , than administration. "The bishop s~ould not be tied to his desk. ' "No priest wants a bishop who regards modern youth as rebellious and lacking moral standards!' ' As for a bishop's intelligence, the poll called for "normal intelligence" as against "a high IQ." He must above all be "deeply spiritual", and also "sympathetic," it said. He should have spent Jive to 10 years in parochial work, should have a relatively progres-

Friend to Nobody , There is wisdom in generosity, as in everything else. A friend to everybody is often a friend -'-Spurgeon to nobody.

sive theological outlook, be keen on liturgical reform and ecumenism and ready to value the opinions of his priests while making the final decisions himself. Real Leader He should have soine pastoral experience outside of parish work, such as chaplain to a 'univer?ity, a convent or a jail and he should have administrative experience, preferably as a pastor or else in a diocesan office. He should not have spent too much time in academic work, should regard the laity as partners, encourage the development of deanery and parochial structures and be distinctly concerned with the problems and aspirations of youth. In general the priests of the Brentwood diocese said they want a bishop from among the ranks of the parochial clergy, capable of knowing his priests and people and of being a real leader:

Shared Churches LONDON (NC) - The British Council of Churches and a Catholic working group including two bishops have met to discuss the possibilities' of ecumenical cooperation, including shared churches 'in the new suburban spi)lover towns now being planned in this country. The conferen.ce generally expressed the view that such cooperation was essential in view of the sheer impossibility of the churches finding capital costs for separate denominational development. But it was also appreciated that shared buildings and perhaps joint parishes' and areas of ecumenical experiment raise theological problems. One major problem was inter-communion. Animated discussion followed the desire of some to share in an "agape" or love-feast as an expression of fellowship in a situationwhere all cannot yet receive Holy Communion together.

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Publish Pope John's Notes On Bergamo Bishop Radini

$882,378 Grant 1'0 AidJ .Agency

By Rt. Rev. Msgr. John S. Kennedy

NEWARK (NC) - A federal grant of $882,378 has been given to the Mt. Carmel Guild, social welfare agency of the Newark archdiocese, to cover the firstyear cost of staffing its new $3 million Community Mental Health Center here. Msgr. Joseph A. Dooling, guild director, announced the grant and said that the Department of Health, Education and Welfare would share in the staffing costs for the first five years. He said that under the federal program the guild will receive a decreasing amount for staffing the five-story center, which is due to open in September. The first-year amount represents about 75 per cent of staffing costs, Msgr. Dooling said. The guild will provide the rest of the funds. The mental health center is expected to service 200,000 people, offering patient care, emergency and diagnostic services, partial hospitalization, out-patient services for children and adults, rehabilitation services and other programs.

Giacomo Radini Tedeschi was appointed Bishop路 of Bergamo, in Northern Italy, in 1905. He was consecrated in Rome, where he had been serving in the curia, and one of the assistants at the ceremony was a young Bergamasque priest named Angelo Roncalli. Bishop Radini took Toward the end, he became more patient, and sympathetic. Father Roncalli to Bergamo wary, Resignation to Death with him, and appointed him Some of the lessons which Ra-

his secretary. This position Roncalli held until the bishop's death in 1914.2 years later, Roncalli published a set of "biographical notes" about the late bishop. Roncalli's later fame as Pope John XXIII has now led to the translation 0 f these notes and their publication under the title My Bishop (McGraw-HilI. 330 W. 42nd Street, New York, N.Y. 10036. $6.95). Someone has styled the work "the best thing the Pope ever wrote." That is a very dubious opinion. Pope John's spiritual journal far surpasses this tribute in every respect. The young Father Roncalli was deeply devoted to his bishop, admired him greatly, and wrote about him discreetly. He heaped praise upon Radini's memory, and surely at times exaggerated (as, for example, in the number of addresses which he says Radini gave during the Holy Year of 1900). Radini the person does peep through the eulogy which his former secretary composed. Now and again, a detail is given which lets us see the human being (for example, Radini, even as a bishop, doing his own mending). There are only a couple of anecdotes, occurring rather late in the book, which permit us to observe Radini in a specific situation, doing or saying a specific thing. For the rest, its largely generalization. Hard-Working Churchman Radini was of an aristocratic and moneyed family. Ordained in 1897, he taught in the seminaries of Bedonia and Piacenza. Leo XIII 'brought him to Rome in 1900, and there he pursued an almost incredibly busy round. With the advent of Pius X in 1903, Radini seems to have lost favor. He was proposed for two of the more important sees in Italy, then assigned to Bergamo. His career as bishop is sketched not consecutively but in a路 departmental way: a chapter on his pastoral visitations, another on the building he did, a third on his seminary policy, and so on. He was involved in social action, but we do not get enough of the concrete background and circumstances to know what the difficUlties were, and what the accomplishments. So, too, with the troubled political situation. Pius X laid down the non expedit rule which required Catholics to abstain from voting; this was not followed in Bergamo. Was it this or something else which led to the positive disfavor that overshadowed Radini's last years? The situation is only gingerly hinted at. Radini seems to have been a gifted, high-principled, hard路 working churchman. He also appears to have been rather aloof and severe. He ruled in an almost military sort of way, and never asked or welcomed advice.

dini taught Father Roncalli were not learned precisely as intended. "He was not a man to turn a blind eye," his secretary wrote. But as pope, Roncalli showed that he knew when to turn a blind eye. He said as much when. someone questioned him on the subject. . One can conclude from the account of Radini's death (apparently of cancer) that his young assistant never forgot the calmness and complete resignation of the bishop as he faced the end. When, almost a halfcentury later, it: came Roncalli's turn to die, he edified the whole world by demonstrating the same qualities at the same pass. A fuller, more personal, more colorful biography of. Radini would be welcome, particularly in what it would tell of the relations between him and the man destined to be pope. As it is, there is just enough of Roncalli in this restricted memoir to make it rewarding to the admirers of the magnificent John XXIII. Psychiatry, Clergy For fifteen years there has been an annual Institute for Mental Health at St. John's Abbey in Minnesota. This has brought together psychiatrists and clergymen of various churches in order to help the later in pastoral . counseling. Nineteen of the many psychiatrists who have participated in these sessions have now contributed to a book, Psychiatry, the Clergy, and Pastoral Counseling, edited by Dr. Dana L. Farnsworth and Dr. Francis J. Braceland (St. John's University Press. Collegeville, Minn. $6.50). Its purpose is twofold "to furnish the clergyman or other counselor with a summary of basic knowledge about human beings and their quandaries" and "to illustrate how a fifteen-year dialogue between clergymen and psychiatrists and psychologists was organized and maintained." Pastoral Counseling An introductory chapter outlines the history of psychiatry and its relations with religion. Next, the development of the institute at S1. John's is described. Then comes a 3plendid chapter on the techniques of pastoral counseling. One would hope that many celrgymen will read the book straight through, and return to it fairly frequently. But this chapter on techniques should be required reading for all of them. It is direct, practical, comprehensive. Its list of do's and don'ts should be mastered by anyone who has to do any counseling. Other chapters deal with the emotional probelms of children, adolescents, young adults, the family, older adults, the middle aged, the aging and aged, the dying. There are chapters on depression, suicide, alcoholism, drugs, sex education, the paranoid parishioner, the unwed mother. Invaluable Insights A路 chapter on confidentiaity spells out the obligation of secrecy incumbent on the counselor, and the mode and degree o.f com-



laity Group Helps Former Religious

MASS AT BEN HET: Some defenders of Ben Het, under seige almost two months, attended this Mass in a tent pocked by enemy fire. A force of 3,000 South Vietnamese troops, backed by the heaviest U.S. air raids in two months, pushed unopposed toward Ben Het in a bid to lift the 56-day siege, acC'Ording to U.S. military spokesmen NC Photo.


Diocese Sponsoring Low

FRESNO (NC)-The Fresno Diocese will sponsor a $1.5 million dollar lowincome housing project in southwest Fresno. The Church's entry into the field of low-income housing sponsorship resulted from the statement of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops on the N~tional Race Crisis, April 25, 1968, which emphasized lack of decent housing, deplorat;~ living conditions in cities and rural communities, and housing segregation. The project is the first of several scheduled for sponsorship in the eight-county California diocese. Catholic Charities and the diocese will provide the neces-

sary "seed money" to begin the project. Essential Need Located on a seven and a half acre site in southwest Fresno, the project will feature 80 to 100 units, depending upon the design, size and land arrangement. The property is within one of Fresno City's Redevelopment Agency parcels. Catholic Charities' involvement in housing is a manifestation of the organization's desire to meet the most essential needs of people living in the diocese.


LONDON (NC) - Compass, a small group of laymen who help ex-priests and nuns, has reported that over the past four years the group had seen 192 priests and nuns who had decided to leave the religious life. They are at present receiving an average of three to four applications for help each week. "<;:elibacy is the main issue," said Douglas Gibson, the group's administrator. "Seventy per cent of the priests who have come to us are now married." Compass, whose members' are voluntary and which operates on the little money it can get from the public, seeks especially to help former Religious fi.nd work and accommodation. \

Pleases Father How pleasant it is for a father to sit at his child's board. It is like an aged man reclining under the shadow of an oak which he -Scott has planted.








munication permissible between pastoral counselor and psychiatrist. One would like to be able to pay individual compliments to the contributors, but space does not permit this. One and all, they present invaluable insights and usable techniques. There is precious little professional jargon. Special thanks are due the editors, not only for compiling the volume but also for their own chapters, written individually or in collaboration. They. are represented more than anyone' else, and their wisdom and humanity are outstanding.

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...... SPECIAL. ROOM: Three in one audio-visual room

LITTLE ONES: Furnishings of primary grade classroom befitting the tiny tots.

BLESSING: Most Rev. James l. Connolly, assisted by Rev. Msgr.. William D. Thomson, pastC?r, blesses the new Parish Center.




PRE-PRIMARY: Comfort offered by tables will help .to preserve attention.

OPENING: Rev. Terrence F. Keenan, parish assist-. ant, admires the plaque denoting the principals in the realization of this new edifice in Hyannis.


NEED ANSWERED: The combination gymnasium and hall will serve the youth and large gatherings of parishioners.


;' I"~~


II, (_ j. FACADE: View of entrance from driveway



. BLESSING: Rev. Bernard R. Kelly, parish assistant, hangs crucifix at the blessing ceremony

FOYER: Spacious foyer will be advantageous on the occasion of large parochial assemblages.


NEW YORK (NC) A ST. LOUIS (NC)-The top leaders of '11 Christian, OrthodoxandJewish religious groupshere haveissueda joint pastoral letter co...