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Dedicate, Diocese to Sacred Heart His Excellency, the Most Reverend Daniel A. Cronin, Bishop of Fall River, will consecrate the Diocese of Fall River to the Sacred Heart of Jesus on Friday, June 6, 1975, in rites celebrated in conjunction with the noon-time Mass at Saint Mary's Cathedral in Fall River. Friday, the First Friday of June, is the Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. The Feast marks the Three

Hundredth AnniverSary of the Great Apparition of the' Sacred Heart of Jesus to Saint Margaret Mary, and it is being observed with special Eucharistic devotions in all parishes of the Diocese. Bishop Cronin, who will be principal concelebrant of the First Friday Mass at the Cathedral, will commend the entire Diocese and all its members to the special protection of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

S'r. M'aureen 'Home Opens On Saturday

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On Saturday afternoon, June 7 at 1:30, the Sister Maureen Hanley, R.S.M. Home at 782 Rock St., Fall River will be dedicated. At this occasion, tribute will be paid to Sister Maureen of Nazareth Hall, Fall River, in recognition of her years of service to exceptional and emotionally disturbed children in this area. Sister Maureen, a native of St. Patrick's Parish, Fall River, entered the Sisters of Mercy in 1928. 'She taught in parochial schools Turn to Page Thr~e

ANCHOR An Anchor 01 the Soul, Sure and farm-St. Paul

Fall River, M~ss., Thursday, June 5, 1975 I'RICE 15c Vol. 19, No. 23 Š 1975 The Anchor $5.00 'I" 'II'

Father James F. McDermott Resigns Somerset Parish Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of Fall River, has accepted the resignation of Rev. James F. McDermott, pastor of St. Patrick Parish, Somerset, for reasons of health. Pastor of the Somerset parish since March, 1966, Father McDermott was born in Taunton on June 22, 1907. He is the son of the late Bernard and the late Margaret (Lynch) McDermott. After attending Weir School and Taunton High School he pursued his studies at Boston College. He prepared for the priesthood at St. Bernard Seminary, Rochester, N.Y. Most Rev. James E. Cassidy,

Assigns Priests, Deacons

D.D., Third Bishop of Fall Rive!, ordained him to the priesthood in St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, River, on May 21, '1932. S.T.D., Bishop of Fall River, has Father McDermott served as announced the retirement of a assistant pastor at St. Joseph pastor, the, appointment of one and Immaculate Conception pastor, the assignment of an asParishes in Fall River, 'and Holy sistant pastor and four deacons. Name Parish, New Bedford. Rev. James 'F. McDermott, While in New Bedford, Father pastor of St. Patrick' Parish, McDermott was the initiator of Somerset, has retired as pastor the Miraculous Medal Novenas. of the Somerset par,ish. His eloquent talks and stirring Rev. Msgr. Robert L. Stanton singing filled the church beyond has been appointed to succeed capacity at three scheduled Mon- Father McDermott at St. Patrick day services conducted for some Parish, Somerset, as pastor. four years. The effective date of the reBishop James L. Connolly, D.D., D. Sc. Rist., Fourth Bishop tirement and pastoral appointof Fall River, appointed Father ment was Monday, June I, 1975. Rev. Philip J. Higgins, assistMcDermott as Administrator of St. Peter Parish, Dighton, in ant pastor at St. George Parish, Westport, has been transferred 1956. Two years 'later, he appointed to St. Peter the Apostle Parish, him as the founding pastor of Provincetown, with Wednesday, Our Lady of Fatima Parish, June 18, 1975, as the effective Swansea-a new parish formed date. from territory that once was that of St. Thomas More Parish, Somerset, and St. Michael Parish, Ocean Grove. 'Father McDermott saw more than simply a new church, new rectory, expanded parking lot in Plans are rapidly progressing Swansea. Under his leadership the parish became more than for the start of the 1975 season a child of parent parishes. Well at the Cathedral Camps. TIre inspired, guided and organized, Camps', now comprised of Cathethe Swansea parishioners be- 'dral Boys' Day Camp and Our came leaders in their own right. Lady of the Lake Girl's Camp In 1966, Father McDenndtt are operated by the Roman moved to the neighboring town Catholic Diocese of Fall River and took up his duties as pastor and are located on the shores of St. Patrick Parish, Somerset. of Long Pond in East Freetown. Experiencing tremendous. growth The first camping period starts over the years, the Somerset on June 30th and campers may Turn to Page Three Turn to Page Three

Cathedral Camps Open House On Sunday

FATHER MeDERl'tIOIT

Receiving assignments in the ,in 1965 with the rank of Comdiocesan diaconate program are: mander. . Rev. Mr. Stanley Barney, as deaIn the military, he received the con at Sacred Heart Parish, Fall River; Rev. Mr. Gerald P. Barn- Presidential Unit Citation for acwell, as deacon at St. Mary Par- , tion against the enemy in Wonish, Mansfield; Rev. Mr. Stephen san Harbor, No. Korea. During A. Fernandes, as deacon at St. his preparation, he had graduatJohn ,the Evangelist Parish, At- ed as honor man in his class at tleboro; Rev. Mr. Edmund Rego, the Chaplains' School, Newport. as deacon at St. John the BapA most interesting experience tist Parish, New Bedford. in his life, Msgr. Stanton reMsgr. Stanton called, was his role as Naval ReThe son of the late Daniel A. serve Chaplain in efforts to loand the late Dorothy Lynch cate the nuclear submarine USS Stanton, Rev. Msgr. Robert L. Thresher, lost 260 miles off ProvStanton was born in Taunton' on Turn to Page Nine Sept. 10, 1917. After graduating from Immaculate 'Conception Parish and Taunton High School, Msgr. Stanton attended Boston College. He prepared for the priesthood' at St. Bernard Seminary, Rochester, N. Y. and St. Mary Seminary, Baltimore, Md. Most Rev. James E. Cassidy ordained him to the priesthood at St. Mary's Cathedral on Nov. 27, 1943. Following seven years of priestly ministry at St. Mary Parish, No. Attleboro, he entered the Chaplain Corps of the U.S. Navy and served in the Pacific Theater during the Korean Conflict. Following his active military service, he was assigned to Immaculate Conception Parish, Fall River, as assistant pastor, but remained asa Chaplain in the U.S. Navy Reserves. He eventually did retire from the military MONSIGNOR STANTON


2

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER

OFFICIAL RETIREMENT Rev. James F. McDermott, from Pastorate of Saint Patrick's Parish, Somerset, effective June 2, 1975. APPOINTMENT Rcv. Msgr. Robcrt L. Stanton, as Pastor of Saint Patrick's Parish, Somerset, 'effective June 2, 1975. ASSIGNMENT Rev. Phi-lip J. Higgins, as 'Assistant, Saint Petcr the Apostle Parish, Provincetown, effective June 18, 1975. DEACON ASSIGNMENTS Rev. Mr. H. Stanley Barney, as Deacon at Sacred Heart Parish, Fall River,. effective June 2, 1975. Rev. Mr. Gerald P. Barnwell, as Deacon at St. Mary's Parish, Mansfield, .effective June 18, 1975. Rev. Mr. Stephen A. Fernandes, as Deacon at Saint John the Evangelist Parish, Attleboro, effective June 18, 1975. Rev. Mr. Edmund Rego, as Deacon at Saint John the Baptist Parish, New Bedford, effective June 18, 1975.

Bishop of Fall River

All Invited to Open House At New SSe Peter & Paul Rev. Francis M. Caady, pastor of SS. Peter and Paul Church, Fall River, extends an invitation to all in the diocese to attend an open house at the recently completed parish com· plex from 3 to 5 p.m. Sunday. Members of the parish Women's Club and Home and School Organization will host the event and refresments will be served in the new parish hall. Entrance to the building will be through the courtyard and main doors on Dover Street. Ample parking is available both in the new parking lot on Dover and Snell Streets and the school yard on . Benton Street. The parish complex, dedicated April 27 by Bishop Cronin, includes the church, seaNng 600 and equipped with air conditioning, carpeting and total facilities for handicapped persons. Stained glass windows in the nave of the church greatly enhance its beauty. New School On the second and third floors of the building is a completely new school facility with a library, teachers' lounge and . offices. Sr. Anne Marie McTague, RSM, principal, together with members of the faculty, will host all visitors to the school. :rHE ANCHOR Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02722 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mail, postpaid 'S.OO per year.

An air conditioned parish hall in the basement of the building features an auditorium with dance floor, a kitchen and a meeting room. A mural of styles from the turn of the century to the present enhances the dance area and is the work of Miss Kathleen Walsh, a member of the parish. Along with Father Coady, pastor, and Rev.' Ronald A. Tosti, assistant pastor, CO-Chairmen of the open house are Edward Tyrrell, William Hyland Jr., parish tr.ustees; Mrs. Stanley Janick, Mrs. Edward Forgette and Mrs. William T. Marum, past president and president respectively of the SS. Peter and Paul Women's Club; Mrs. William Hyland, Jr. and Mrs. Robert Latinville, past president and president respectively of the SS. Peter and Paul Home and School Association.

COMMEMORATION OF VOCATION DAY AT MT. CARMEL PARISH~ As the entire Diocese celebrated Vocation Day over the weekend, 200 high schoolers and 85 altar boys attended a special Mass for Vocations at 10:45 in Mt. Carmel Church, New Bedford. On the right, Rev. George S. Almeida, celebrant, with Rev. Mr. Edmund Rego from the parish, on the celebrant's right as deacon. Far left, Rev. Msgr. LUlz G. Mendonca, V.G., pastor and . homilist at the Mass with Raymond Cambra, an acolyte from the parish, on the homilist's left.

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A five-hour vigil commemorating the 300th anniversary of the Feast of the Sacred Heart will be held from 7 o'clock until midnight on' Friday nighl, June 6 in Mt. Cannel Church, New Bedford. Rev. Luiz G. Mendonca, V.G., pastor of Mt. Carmel, has announced the following schedule for the evening's celebration. A concelebrated Mass of the Sacred Heart (English) will open the evening's celebration. Following the Mass, Rev. Andre A. Patenaude, MS, of the La Salette Fathers will conduct a Holy Hour in English from 8:15 to 9:15. Rev. Jose M. Souza, C.S.Sp., a Holy Ghost Father from Portugal will conduct a Holy Hour in Portuguese from 9:30 until 10:30. A thirty-minute period of private adoration will be afforded all from 10:30 to 11 o'clock. At 11 o'clock, Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament will be given and ·the concluding service will start at 11:15 and consist in a concelebrated Mass of the Sacred Heart in Portuguese. Confessions will be heard during the Holy Hour. Coffee and pastry will be served in the church basement throughout the evening for those attending the Vigil.

BLESSING OF NEW K OF C HOME: Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of the Diocese of Fall River, blessed the new Knights of Columbus Home of Fall River Council No. 86, 1492 Columbus Drive, on Thursday evening and was principal concelebrant and homilist at the Mass of Dedication. Among the concelebrants Rev. Roger L. Gagne, council chaplain; Rev. Michel Doran, O.P., prior at St. Anne's, Rev. Jean Louis Bouchard, O.P., a member of the council; Rev. Armando Annunziato, Rev. Maffeo Lombardi, O.F.M. and Rev. Bruce M. Neylon.

All-Night Vigil to Commemorate Feast

Fr. McDermott Continued from Page One parish has attempted to keep pace with the many interests of more involved and dedicated laity. Father McDermott brought the liturgical directives of the Second Vatican Council' into the lives of his parishioners with a beautifully restored village church with its inspiring new stained glass windows. Because he has been afflicted with increasingly ill health over the past few years, Father McDermott, knowing the growing needs of his large parish, tendered his resignation from the active ministry. He will be succeeded by Rev. Msgr. Robert L. Stanton.

New Auxiliary Bishop WASHINGTON (NC) - Pope Paul VI has named Father George K. Fitzsimmons, 46, vicar general and chancellor of the Kansas City-St. Joseph, Mo., diocese, to be auxiliary bishop of Kansas City-St. Joseph. A native of Kansas City, Mo., he studied at Rockhurst College there and at Immaculate Conception Seminary in Conception, Mo. He was ordained by Cardinal John Cody of Chicago in 1961. •••••••••• ;

• • • • • 7""P"V=1;

An all-night vigil of reparation, renewal, and reconciliation 'in honor of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary will be held tomorrow at St. Mary's Church, North Fairhaven beginning with Mass in honor of the Sacred Heart of Jesus at 8 p.m. and concluding with Mass in honor of the Immaculate Heart of Mary at 7 a.m. Saturday. During the period between these Masses, the Blessed Sacra-

Sister Maureen Continued fro'm Page One of Fall River, New Bedford and No. Attleboro. Previous to teaching at Nazareth Hall for exceptional children, she taught the emotionally disturbed children at St. Vincent's Home, Fall River. Instrumental in organizing the Camp Fire Girls, Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts troops for developmentally disabled children, since the late 50s has been dedicated to these children. She was named the first principal of Nazareth Hall, Fall River in 1957. This new center is owned and managed by People Inc. through .the cooperative effort with the Massachusetts Dept. of Mental Health. Gerald Lawton, vice-president of People Inc. is chainnan of the open house. Clay Oliver is executive director and Rev. MerriU is president.

••••••••••••••••••••••••••

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Continued from Page One regi!>ter for either a two week perJod or for the entire 8 week season. Open House "Open House" will be held at the Camps on Sunday, June 8th between 2 and 4 p.m. This will provide 1)oth former and prospective campers a chance to visit the Camps and see the new aotivities that are being prepared. In addition to the regular departments with all sorts of waterfront and athletic events, plus riflery, archery and Indiancraft, there will be a new Arts and Crafts center serving both Camps based on the 'open classroom' concept. An attraction for older campers will be the new Golf Program with a Driving Range. Animal lovers w.ill feel right at home on "Old MaoDonald's Farm" where the youngsters will learn to care for and learn to love a great variety of animal pets. For more information the Camp office ,can be reached by calling 763-8874 or hy writing to Box 438, East Freetown, Mass. 02717.

Vigil themes coincided with those of the Holy Year: renewal and reconciliation. The program will be conducted under the auspices of the Men of the Sacred Heart. Coffee and refreshments will be available for the duration of the vigil. All members of the diocese are welcome to participate in all or part of the planned events, especially the Masses.

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THE ANCHORThurs., June 5, 1975

ToObserve300th Anniversary Of Feast

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

Best Advice These are the days when graduates on· all levels of educational achievement are receiving all sorts of good advice from all sorts of worthy and ad~irable speakers. The fact probably still remains true, however, that, as Cicero once observed, "The best advice one receives is that which he gives to himself." .That may not be the best advice, of course, but human nature will take it as the best advice. So one' can only hope that the advice one gives oneself will be sound and sensible and rooted in values that are true. And that is what education tries to accomplish-to provide a student with the truth and with the insight and with the values that will enable him to give good advice to himself. A wise man seeks advice. But sooner or later he must 'come to a decision. And this is a decision that has consequences for himself and for others. The Church knows that' some consequences have dimensions in time but many consequences have eternal impact. That is why the Bishop's pastoral, "To Teach As Jesus Did," urged all Catholic education to recognize its ·purpose-to give the truth, to build up a Godly community, to reach out in service to others. A student imbued with this philosophy is well equipped to give advice to himself. And the advice cannot help but take human resources and opportunity and shoot these· through with God's truth and the ultimate purposes of life. Such advice has consequences for time and eternity.

"The squeeze is on!"

Signs for Optimism A high level of international statesmanship in the most profound meaning of that phrase is being shown these days in the Middle East. President Sadat of Egypt is w.alking a moderate course and seems sincerely intent upon finding a solution that will allow for co-existence with Israel with no significant step in thinning out the Suez Canal front in what is an unprecedented movement for peace and that same co-existence. It is heartening to know that statesmanlike conduct is being shown on both sides and may work its way through' to an equitable settlement.' The presence of the moderate Hussein of Jordan and the Shah of Iran who seems determined to play a strong and stabilizing role in the whole area bode well for the future. The United States would do well not to try any heavyhanded approach or even to decide what is good for the area but, rather, to serve as the honest broker trying to assist the parties to arrive at a form~la that will provide for all the elements involved - Israel's existence and security, the plight of the Palestinian refugees, the Arab borders, use of the Suez Canal, balance of military power. The approach this nation must use is that of a world friend to all parties offering its offices to achieve the peace that the parties themselves must want and must find ways to secure. The arm-twisting days of diplomacy are gone. The attempt to tell others what is good for them will not work. But the statesmanlike postures that recent days have shown are positive signs for optimism.

@rhe ANCHOR OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D.

I;ENEIIAL MANAGER

FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATOR Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan

Rev. Msgr. Daniel F. Shalloo, M.A.

ASSISTANT MANAGERS lIe'l. John P. Driscoll ~Leary Pres~-Fall

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C.I.A. During the past few wee.ks a tremendous amount of newsreel footage and newspaper print has dealt with the Congressional investigation of the Central Intelligence Agency. In an almost hysterical atmosphere, the doves and the isolationists of Congress have attempted not only an . attitude. The alleged excesses. of investigation of CIA activi- . surveillance and the extreme methods of espionage employed ties but also have tried to as political tools in a free socireduce the effectiveness of such an agency to the level of one of their own committees. Seemingly many members of Congress have read too many James Bond novels and they themselves have assumed a super sleuth mentality in an Alice in Wonderland atmosphere. As a result of this side-show attitUde,' the efif-ectiveness of one of the most important agencies of government, given the international complications of our day, is being diminished and weakened. To be sure, it has become quite clear that over the years as the CIA grew in scope and size it also developed a "big brother"

ety are to be censured and condemned. A free person in a free society cannot maintain freedom if he or she is to be harrassed and treated as an enemy agent for the purpose of political revenge. If the CIA is indeed guilty of any violation of the constitutional rights and guarantees of any American citizen, it should be admonished, chastized and disciplined by the due process of law. If, for any reason, such an agency becomes the tool of a ,particular political party in this nation then it should be dissolved.

Not Living in Paradise However, the covert and secret activities of the CIA would have little reason for existence if the world returned to the pris- . tine state of the Garden of Eden. From ordinary observations it should be very plain to see that we do not live in a paradise. Given the temper of the times on this planet earth, this nation still must retain and support the international activities C?f. .'\~l agency such as the C.LA.

To do otherwise would be self destructive and suicidal. Can you imagine for a moment what would happen if the espionage activities of Russia and China were left completely un~hecked? All evidence indicates that these nations have not only increased their covert activities but they have been even more audacious and zealous in the execution of such activities. Yet for some very.,

David Reidy, administrative assistant, and Rev. Edmund Fitzgerald, director of pastoral care at St. Anne's Hospital, Fall River, will be among more than 1200 Sisters, priests and laymen in attendance at the fourth an· nual Catholic Health Assembly to be held in San Francisco Sunday through Thursday, June 1 to 5. Sponsored by the Catholic Hospital Association (CHA), the meeting will have as its theme "Health and Social Responsibility." Program topics will include the importance of health in society, the social responsibilities of hospitals and physicians, the survival of the voluntary system and comprehensive health planning. Keynote speaker will be thc former U. S. surgeon general Dr. Luther L. Terry, who now serves as president-director of University Associates, Washington, D. C. His topic is "The Impor· tance of Health 'in the Fabric of Society." During the final session un Thursday, former director of the Federal Energy Admmistration, John C. Sawhill, who was recently named president-designate of New York University, will explain "Health Services anj the Energy Crisis." Sister of Mercy Mary Kiernan Harney of Omaha, Ne:J. vicechairman of the association, will be installed as the group's 1975 chairwoman. She will succeed Sister of Charity Grace Marie Hiltz of Cincinnati. With headquarters in St. Louis, CHA represents 870 CathoNc-sponsored health care facilities throughout the United States.

Sacred Heart To choose the heart for emblem is to dedicate oneself to the only heart which does not He, and it is encircled with thorns. -Maritain

strange reason this !lation has been lulled into thinking that "detent" has brought peace to the world; that Russia and China have no hostile intent or warlike purpose. We have been led to believe that these nations are now nothing more than new places to visit' on the grand tour. In turn the CIA and not the intelligence gathering agencies of Russia and China has the bad image. The reason for this is that so much of the new commentary about the agency has been openly adverse and antagonistic. To some minds of the .press room crowd anything that is of its nature secret, must be sinister. Whether we like it or not, the OIA has a role to play in the secur,ity defense of this nation. At the present time the central question that must be determined is the role that a secret institution plays in a free society. In turn each one of us should ask ourselves can a free society retain its freedom in today's world without the kind of secret organization that the CIA must be in order to do its work ~~ecV\!eIYll~d.eff~JJ)I{: ' ~."'.:,

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

5

JUNE IS GRADUATION MONTH: Three of the eight tiigh schools of the Diocese have representatives photographed by The Anchor as the end of their Catholic Secondary Education is completed. Top photo: Three members of the senior class of St. Anthony High School, New Bedford, represent the class of 36 boys and 38 girls in a pledge of loyalty to their Alma Mater. Left to right: Paul Oullet, left, and Jeanette Bousquet, right, both members of St. Anthony's Parish, and Brian Pepin, center, from St. Francis Xavier Parish, Acushnet. Middle photo: Following the baccalaureate Mass for the 67 boys and 54 girls of the class of 1975 at CoyleCassidy High School, Taunton, three seniors stopped for The Anchor photographer: Patricia McGrath, left and Patricia Walsh, right, both members of the Immaculate Conception Parish and John Pimenta, center, Our Lady of Lourdes Parish. Botton photo: Three seniors from a class of 72 boys and 133 girls from Bishop Stang High School, No. Dartmouth Regional Diocesan Co-educational High School, exchange autographs prior to final week before graduation exercises last night at which Bishop Cronin distributed diplomas. Left to right: Anthony Falco, St. Mary's Parish; Maria Gomes, St. John the Baptist Parish and Cinday Barboza, Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Parish, all in New Bedford.

Holy Father Praises Labors of Caritas VATICAN CITY (NC)-The works of charity and direct help to the needy and suffering per- . formed by Caritas Internationalis, the international federation of Catholic Charities organizations, and its national counterparts received recognition and praise from Pope Paul VI on May 16. Speaking in French, English, German and Spanish at a private audience to members of Caritas Internationalis, who had met here to elect a new president, Msgr. George Huessler, Pope Paul said: ",It is a holy year f.or you too. This is the 25th anniversary of your founding.... With you we give thanks to the Lord for the past, the present and the future of Caritas Internationalis. "We 'reiterate our deep con路 viction: your charitable instiution has accomplished a f:onsiderable work which honors the Church. The name of Caritas is henceforth attached to assistance of all kinds (or those in the most varied kinds of distress." __ .._ __ _ . ._f_

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

Appeal to Bishops Coalition of Nuns Urges Action For Low Income Housing CHICAGO (NC) - The National _Coalition of American Nuns (NCAN) has appealed to Episcopal Bishop 'Paul Moore Jr. of New York to take action to prevent the eviction of a group of squatters and to remove opposi. tion to the construction of lowrent housing near an Episcopal school. NCAN, whose national secretariat is based here, urged Bishop Moore to use his influence in persuading Morningside House Inc., and independent agency historically linked to the Episcopal Church, to withdraw its eviction suit against 80 families of squatter-tenants who have, for five years, been occupying three apartment buildings across from the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City. NCAN also asked "that a reasonable attempt be made at d'irect, out-of-court negotiations, for which the squatters have petitioned since 1970."

Adoption Aid Bill WASHINGTON (NC) - Sen. Alan Cranston (D.-Calif.) has introduced legislation which would aid in the adoption of children with "special needs." Citing the American response to Vietnamese orphans, Cranston said, "That concern, ironically, has forced us to further probe our national conscience regarding the 120,000 young Americans in need of adoption.

NCAN also asked the bishop, who is a member of the board of directors of Trinity School, to persuade the board to withdraw its appeal of a U.S. District Court decision last November ruling against "Trinity's efforts to prevent the building of low-. rent housing in the urban renewal area in which the school is located." A spokeswoman for Bishop 'Moore said that he is drafting a reply to the NCAN letter and that he has already publicly asked Trinity's board not to appeal the court decision. The spokeswoman said also that Bishop Moore, who is not on the board of Morningside House, has in the past expressed concern for the squatters. She said, however, that the houses in which they are squatting are old and in poor condition and that preventing the squatters' eviction may not really be a service to them. Sister Ann Brotherton, adjunct professor of sociology at Georgia State University in Atlanta, NCAN spokeswoman on the issue, who studied the area in question during doctoral studies at Fordham University, said that low-income tenants occupying the site contested in the suit by Trinity School had refused to move until they were given assurances by urban renewal authorities that provision would be made to house them in the same area.

.DOMINICAN ACADEMY CELEBRATES sponsorship of the seventh and eighth grade memorated the 200th birthday of our nation in order to increase the virtue of patriotism in

BI-CENTENNIAL OF NATION: Under the students of the Fall River academy, comby illustrating examples from our history the lives of the academy students.

Providence Sister of Mercy Is Named Assist~nt State Attorney.General BY RICHARD E. AGAJANIAN PROVIDENCE (NC) - In a crowded fourth floor office of the Providence County Court House the telephone. rings. "Hello. Yes, sir, can I help you?"

A man complains that a color television a store advertised doesn't exist. The salesman tried

to sell him a black and white for the same price. It's the old "bait and switch" trick again and Mercy Sister Arlene Violet goes to work. Sister Arlene, 31, is the first Rhode Island nun to earn a law degree and was recently appointed an assistant state attorney general. She is a ·legal counsel for the civil division of Attorney General Julius C. Michaelson's office and special attorney general for consumer protection. Right now she is wending through a backlog of 1,000 consumer complaints, familiarizing herself with her new job. "As a Religious woman, and especially as a Sister of Mercy," she said. "I am committed to witness the presence of God by responding to unmet needs. One of these needs is ·to challenge social and economic structures that run counter to the prjnciples of the Gospel." Sister Arlene's way of meeting this need is "by enforcing or devising certain laws that will minimize injustices." She is one of an increasing number of nuns who have found alternative ways of serving the Church. "We are all ReHgious women. This is my way of witnessing the presence of God., For some it is being a teacher, for others it is becoming a doctor or lawyer

PRAYING SCRIPTURES: Praying the Scriptures was the theme for a two-day prayer workshop held at Dominican Academy, Fall River, for Sisters of the Congregation of St. Catherine of Siena. Among participants, left to right: Sister Joanne Bonville, St. Dominic's Convent, Plattsburgh, N.Y., program chairman; Sister Sheila Russell, St. Rose Convent, Acushnet; Rev. James L. Prest, D.P., St. Stephen's Priory, Dover; Sister ElizabethMenard, directress of novices at the community's Dartmouth novitiate; Sister Sheila Pendergast,' St. Stephen's Priory, Dover, workshop director; Sister Angele Morin, superior at Fall River motherhouse; Sister Ann Mildred Brown, Holy Ghost Convent, Tiverton; Sister Anita Pauline Desrochers, prioress general; ~ister Donna Brunei, superior at St. Bernadette's Convent, New Haven, Conn.

or getting involved in political or social processes," she said. Sister Arlene entered the Sisters of Mercy in 1951 and is a graduate of Salve Regina College, Newport. Recently, she received her law degree from Boston College. "I was interested in studying consumer law," she said. "I actuaHy studied everything from securities to corporate law. I chose Boston College because they maintain one of the major consumer law centers in the nation." Inner City Worker Sister Arlene has a long history of meeting the needs of the community. She served in the inner city apostolate in South Providence, she was a teacher and three years ago she was the original director of the local Social Action Conference of Mercy. She said she entered the legal profession with the idea of effectuating changes in the law that would minimize injustice. She planned to do this either by drafting legislation or by taking cases that would change some laws. "So many complaints - 750 to 1,000 per month - come into the attorney general's office, that it is a good place to find out what is happening to the Rhode Island consumer," Sister Arlene said.

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Pil'Qrim Throngs Rejoice Pontiff .

Would you have thought, even five years ago, that the height of fashion for the younger set would be painter's pants? True, they don't have a bib but they have all the· pockets and holders necessary to the- trade. While I try to be open-minded as far as my children's taste in clothes daughter is often frustrating and nervewracking but this summer is concerned, I find it dif- clothes are pretty and colorful, ricult to frame an answer while at the same time quite why my 14-year-older tries on a pair of the aforementioned pants and asks "Well Mom, how do they look?"

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VATICAN CITY (NC)-At an extraordinary public audience on May 10, Pope Paul VI expressed his joy at the increasing number of pilgrims pouring into Rome for the Holy Year. "Audiences multiply these days, little by little as the Holy Year, which began -immediately under most promising auspices, advances into better weather," said the Pope.

feminine. However, no one will be able to tell you how to answer your daughter's appeal for· approval on her painter's pants!

Vietnamese Tots Find New Lif,e

WESTFIELD (NC)-There has been a dramatic increase in the size of the Edward Konopka family. Instead of four children, the rtODERICK Konopkas now have seven, the latest additions being three Viet. namese brothers. Even when the warmer The three-Nguyen Van Vinh, weather rolls around 1 predict this style will remain big teen Nguyen Van Thi and Nguyen Thi hit because some fashion houses Thuy-were part of a group of are showing it in a short ver- 31 children being resetttied Catholic :;ion, this one with bib. The long through Associated length ones have to be bought Charities of the Newark archdiin men's or boys' department, as ocese. And they are already setdo most of our gals' jeans, but tled into their new horne, even I must admit that I like them to the extent of attempting to much better than the tiresome answer the telephone, as callers look of jeans and also they fit the are finding out. Speaking of the new family heavier teen-ager much better members, Edward Konopka said: than, say, stretch pants. "They are just fine. They are Terry, Halters eating well and making themFor the young the summer is selves right at home. They seem spent either at the beach or at more mature than their given a part-time job, so their clothes ages, which are 5 through 7." needs are minimal. This summer "The oldest," he added, "uncolorful terry will be as impor- derst~nds some English. We have tant a part of the teen wardrobe no trouble making them underas denim, especially when it tops stand." All of them write in their a bathing suit. Even the hats own language. shading their youthfUl' eyes will Explaining how he happened be made of this durable material. to wind up with three children, When they do consent to dress Konopka said that he and his they'll choose colorful halter dresses or sun-backs worn with wife had put in an adoption applatform pumps very reminis- plication in December after talkcent of the early forties. Gowns ing with some friends who had for proms and summer parties adopted a- Korean youngster. "We said that we would take an are just lovely this year-femolder child or children in case inine, la·cy and ruffled. One of the loveliest is of natural linen there was a need to place a famwith a squared off neckline, ily group." Which is how Catholic Charedged in heavy handmade lace. Dotted swiss, organdy, and eye- ities called the Konopka reslet cotton are also part of the idence upon learning that three brothers from one family were eve~ing scene. Shopping with a teen-age among those coming to Newark.

MARILYN

PRIZE WINNERS: Of six citywide awards made by the New Bedford Free Public Library in a National Library Week essay and drawing contest for children, three, including first prize, were won by pupils at St. Joseph's School. From left, Donald Lamarre; Daniel Charbonneau, first prize winner; Ronald Jacques.

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"In this way we have the joy of seeing ever more numerous groups of pilgrims corning from everywhere. Like the waves of the sea, they spill over Rome without staying long and sweep into this Basilica, by the glorious sepulchre of Peter the Apostle, as into the other basilicas."

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THE ANCHORThurs., June 5, 1975

Really Fashionabl,e Teens Opt for Paint,er's' Pants

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THE ANCHOR-Dioc:es-il of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

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Archbishop. Says Supreme Court Shows Hostility Toward Religion CINCINNATI (NC) ~ "Hostility toward religion," is ref.lected in the May 19 U. S. Supreme Court ruling that most provisions of a Pennsylvania nonpublic &Chool aid law are unconstit~­ tional, Archbishop Joseph Bernardin of Cincinnati said recently. The high court's decision upheld othe lending of textbooks to nonpublic schools. but rejected state aid in the form of other auxiliary ·services, declaring such arrangements unconstitutional because they could lead to excessive entanglement between church and state. Archbishop Bernardin, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, denounced the ruling as "totally unacceptable," calling it a distortion of the First Amendment. He issued his protest after learning that the Supreme Court had set aside a lower federal court ruling, :issued last year. The .lower court had decided an Ohio program for state aid to nonpublic schools, similar to the Pennsylvania law, was constitutional. The U. S. Suprem'e Court

the Ohio case back to the three:man lower court on May 27 for reconsideration in view of its Pennsylvania ruling. "Since our Ohio plan is still before the court, we are hopefUl of another favorable decision," the archbifohop said. But he d€!elined further comment on the Ohio case. In denouncing the Pennsylvania decision, Archbishop Bernardin said it delivers "a serious blow against free exercise .. .It is disturbing insofar as it denies educational benefits to children whose parents are paying educational taxes. However, it is even more disturbing insofar as it reo f1ects a new hostility toward religion in our society." The archbishop reaffirmed his belief in the need for religious education "and in the need for continued existence of our Catholic S'Chools." And he echoed Chief Justice Warren Burger's hope that the Court may foomeday reach a more tolerant v.iew toward state aid to nonpublic education.

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OUR LADY OF THE CAPE Schedule runs June 28 • Oct. 12 Masses: Sunday-8:30, 10:00, 11:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 6:30 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M. except Wed. 7:30 P.M. Confessions: Saturday-4:00-5:00 P.M. and 6:006:30 P.M. First Friday-7:00-7:30 P.M. EAST BREWSTER

IMMACULATE CONCEPTION Schedule runs June 28 - Labor Day Masses: Sunday-8:00, 9:30, 11 :00 A.M. Saturday Eve.-4:30 and 6:00- P.M.

EDGARTOWN

ST. -ELIZABETH Schedule begins June 14 Masses: Sunday-9:00, 10:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-4:00 - 7:00 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M. (Mon.-Fri.) Confessions-Saturday 2:30 - 3:30 P.M. FALMOUTH

ST. PATRICK Schedule effective weekend of June 28-29 Masses: Sunday-7:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:15 and 5:30 P.M. Saturday Eve-5:30 and 7:00 P.M. Daily-7:00 A.M. - Saturdays 8:00 A.M. FALMOUTH HEIGHTS

BUZZARDS BAY

ST. MARGARETS Masses: Sunday-8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00 and 7:30 P.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 6:30 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M. Confessions:, Saturday-4:00-5:00 and 7:00-8:00 P.M.

ONSET

ST. MARY-STAR OF THE SEA I.1asses: Sunday-8:30, 9:30, 10:30, 11:30 A.M. Saturday-6:30 P.M. Daily 9:00 A.M. Confessions: Saturday-3:30-4:30 P.M. and after 6:30 P.M. Mass CENTERVILLE

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9

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

u

OUR LO\DY OF VICTORY Masses: Sunday-7:00, 8:15, 9:30, 10:45, 12 noon Sat\lrday Eve.-5:00 and 7:30 P.M. Daily-7:00 and 9:00 A.M. First Fridays-Ultreya-8:00 P.M. First Friday Masses at 7:00 and 9:00 A.M. WEST BARNSTABLE

OUR LADY OF HOPE Masses: Sunday-8:45 and 10 A.M. , Saturday Eve.-4:30 P.M. CENTRAL VILLAGE

ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST Masses: Sunday-8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00 A.M. Daily-9:00 A.M. Sunday Masses Parish Hall: 9:30 and 10:30 A.M. CHATHAM

HOLY REDEEMER Masses: Sunday-8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00 A.M. 'Saturday Evening-5:00 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M. SOUTH

CHATHAM

OUR LADY OF GRACE Masses: Sunday-8:30, 9:30, 10:30, 11:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-7:00 P.M. Daily-9:00 A.M. EAST FALMOUTH

ST. ANTHONY Masses: Sunday-7:30, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 & 7:30 P.M. ,Daily-8:00 A.M. EAST FREETOWN

OUR LADY OF THE ASSUMPTION CHAPEL Masses: Sunday-9:00,, 11:00 A.M. Saturday. ~ve.-6:30 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M.

ST. THOMAS CHAPEL Schedule effective weekend of June 28-29 Masses: SundaY-8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:15 A.M. Saturday-4:30 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M.

Mass Schedule for Summer Season NORTH EASTHAM

CHURCH OF THE VISITATION Masses: Sunday-8:30, 9:30, 10:30, 11:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 7:00 P.M.

HYANNIS

SANTUIT

ST. JUDE'S CHAPEL Masses: Sunday-7:30, 9:00 and 10:30 A.M. Saturday-5:00 P.M. Confessions: Saturday-4:15 - 5:00 P.M. MASHPEE

QUEEN OF ALL SAINTS Masses: Sunday-7:00, 8:30, 10:00, 11:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 7:30 P.M. Confessions: Saturday-4:15 - 5:00 P.M.

Masses: Sunday-7:00, 8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00, 12:00 A.M. and 5:00 P.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 7:30 P.M. Daily-7:00 A.M. and 12:10 P.M.

ST. JOHN THE EVANGELIST Schedulo bogins June 22 Masses: ..sunday-7:30, 8:30, 9:30,10:30,11:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 7:00 P.M. Daily-7:30 A.M. Confessions: Saturday - 4:00 - 4:45 P.M. and following 7:00 P.M. Mass for half-hour

YARMOUTHPORT

PROVINCETOWN

SACRED HEART Masses: Sunday-9:00 A.M. . Saturday Eve.-5:60 P.M. MARION

ST. RITA Masses: Sunday-8:30, 10:00 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 P.M. Daily-8:30 A.M. Friday-Benediction & Rosary 7:00 P.M. MAnAPOlsm

ST. ANTHONY Masses: Sunday-7:30, 9:00. 10:00 (Folk Mass), 11 A.M. and 5:00 P.M. Satu·rday-8:00 A.M. - 4:30 and 7:00 P.M. Daily-8:00 and 9:00 A.M. (Mon.-Fri.) NANTUCKET

OUR LADY OF THE ISLE Schedule starts weekend May 31 Masses: Sunday-7:30, 9:30, 11 :30 A.M. and 7:00 P.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 7:00 P.M. Daily-7:30 A.M. (Saturdays 9:00 A.M.) Rosary before 7:30 A.M. Mass daily SIASCONSET, MASS.

UNION CHAPEL Masses: Sunday-8:45 A.M. July and August OAK BLUFFS

SACRED HEART Masses: Sunday-8:00, 9:15, 10:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:15 & 7:00 P.M. Daily-7:00 A.M. ORLEANS

ST. JOAN OF ARC Ma,!,3es: Sunday-8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 7:00 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M. Our Lady of Perpetual Help Novena-Wednesday Morning Mass at 8:00 A.M.

COMMUNITY CENTER Schedule begins June 29 Masses: Sunday-7:oo P.M.

OSTERVILLE

OUR LADY OF THE ASSUMPTION Masses: Sunday-7:00, 8:30, 10:00, 11:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 7:30 P.M. Daily-7:00 A.M. Confessions: Saturday-4:00 - 5:00 P.M.

POCASSET

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CHILMARK

ST. PETER THE APOSTLE Masses: Sunday-7:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00 A.M., 7:00 P.M. Saturday Eve.-7:00 P.M. Daily-7:00 A.M. and 5:30 P.M. (except Saturday) Confessions: Saturday-4:00 - 5:00 P.M. and 6:45 P.M. SANDWICH

CORPUS CHRISTl Masses: Sunday-8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00 A.M. and 12 Noon Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 7:00 P.M. Daily-9:00 A.M. SAGAMORE

ST. THERESA Masses: Sunday-8:30, 9:30, 10:30, 11:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-6:00 P.M. SOUTH

DARTMOUTH

ST. MARY Masses: Sunday-7:30, 9:00. 10:00, 11 :00 A.M. & . 7:30 P.M. Saturday Eve.-5:15 P.M. Daily-7:00 A.M. Saturday only-8:00 A.M.

WAREHAM

ST. PATRICK Masses: Sunday-7:00, 8:00, 9:00,10:00,11:30 A.M. and 5:00 P.M. Saturday Eve.-4:00 and 6:00 P.M. Daily-7:00 A.M. and 9:00 A.M. Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament follows the 7:00 A.M. Mass and continues until 7:00. P.M. Confessions: % hour before Masses Tuesday: Mass of Peace and Justice 7:00 P.M. Schedule fQT July and August WEST WAREHAM

ST. ANTHONY Masses: Sunday-9:00. 10:30 A.M. Saturday-7:00 P.M. Confessions: % hour before Masses Schedule for July and August WELLFLEET

OUR LADY OF LOURDES Masses: Sunday-8:00, 9:00, 10:00. 11:00 A.M. Saturday Eve.-6:00 and 7:30 P.M. Daily-7:30, 9:00 A.M. TRURO

SACRED HEART Masses: Saturday-7:00 P.M.

BASS RIVER

OUR LADY OF THE HIGHWAY Masses: Sunday-8:30, 9:30, ·10:30 A.M. Daily-8:00 A.M. (July and Aug.) 'VINEYARD HAVEN

ST. AUGUSTINE Schedule begins June 14 Masses: Sunday-8:00, 10:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-4:00 and 7:00 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M. (Mon.-Fri.) Confessions: Saturday-2:30 .·3:30P.M:

Continued from Page One incetown with 129 men aboard in 1963. At the completion of the mission, Msgr. Stanton boarded the submarine USS Dogfish and was entrusted with a 12-foot steel tubing that had been brought up from the bottom of the ocean witb m'lrkings of the Thresher on it. Accompanied by another officer, Msgr. Stanton delivered the finding to the New London base for transportation to Washington. Besides the Immaculate Conception Parish, Fall River, Msgr. Stanton has also served as Rector of St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall River, and pastor of St. Patrick Parish, Wareham. For 14 years the new Somerset pastor was instructor of Ethicsand Medical Ethics at St. Anne Hospital's School of Nursing and instructor in Dogma, Moral and History at the Presentation Novitiate in Dighton. He has also served as chaplain to the Fall River Catholic Nurses' Guild. In July 1967, Pope Paul VI named Father Stanton a Domes-

tic Prelate with the title Monsignor. Father Higgins

A native of Wilmington, Mass,. Rev. Philip J. Higgins is the son of James L. and. Hulda (Anderson) Higgins. A teacher in the Norton and Mansfield Public Schools for nine years, he was educated at Randall G. Moriss School, West Roxbury; Boston Technical High School and Boston College. He prepared for the priesthood at St. John's Seminary and served as deacon at Holy Name Parish, Fall River. He was ordained a priest by Most ~ev. Daniel A. Cronin S.T.D., Fifth Bishop of Fall River, on May 13, 1973. Since his ordination, Father Higgins has served as assistant pastor at ~t. George Parish, Westport.

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SOUTH YARMOUTH

ST. PIUS TENTH Masses: Sunday-7:00, 9:00, 10:15, 11:30 A.M. 5:00 P.M. Saturday Eve.-4:00 and 7:00 P.M. Daily-7:00 and 9:00 A.M. (9:00 A.M. Mass Mon.-Fri. only)

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ST. GEORGE Masses: Sunday-7:30, 8:45, 10:00, 11:30 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:00 and 6:30 P.M. Daily-9:00 A.M. WOODS HOLE

ST. JOSEPH Masses: Sunday-8:00, 9:30, 11:00 A.M. Saturday Eve.-7:00 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M. (9:00 A.M. Sat. only) Confessions: % hour before Sunday Masses ,

NORTH FALMOUTH (Megansett)

IMMACULATE CONCEPTION Masses: Sunday-8:00, 9:30. 11:00 A.M. Saturday Eve.-5:30 and 7:00 P.M. Daily-8:00 A.M. (9:00 A.M. Sat. only) Confessions: % hour before Sunday Masses

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10

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

Declares Abigail McCart'hy Misunderstands Ethnicity There are distinct ativantages in the United States for being Jewish. One of the more important is that when a member of the Jewish cultural elite begins to speak nonsense, he gets clobbered from all sides. The people who write letters to "Commenodorants. If you are as important tary" magazine may not be as Justus George Lawlor, you the most gentle and kindly don't have to provide documensouls in the world, but at tation for your assertions. If

Jcast they keep their friends .and neighbors honest. If you are a lewish intellectual, you darn well have to know what you're

Iy REV. ANDREW M. GREELEY

talking about. But if you are a Catholic intellectual, that's not necessary at all. You can write the most uninformed nonsense and get away with it, because Catholic intellectuals are sacred personages above and beyond criticism in their own community. This en. abies them to write drivel and pretentious nonsense, and still have the pleasant feeling that they are saying sQmething important and significant. Abigail McCarthy, a charming and gifted woman, I am told, has recently joined the ranks of the Catholic intelligentsia who are pontificating on the subject of cthnicity. The Lady Abigail grudgingly concedes that there may be some good things to say about ethnicity, but quotes with admiration the comments of Justus George Lawlor on the ethnic revival. No man to use mild and modern language, he calls the new ethnics "rebarbative and witless"; and the ethnic traits about which he writes have been dredged up from the "cloaca of prejudice and racist mythology."

That's the Way Latins, Lawlor tells us, are urged to be ethnic by acting passionate, irrational, and lachrymose. The Irish expect to be bibulous, credulous, and uxorious. Slav!"> are supposed to be lusty, gutsy and liberated from de-

that's the way he says the new ethnicists are, !!hen that's the way they are. Is the new ethnicity, M!">. McCarthy asks, a right path or a byway? I wonder how many other social phenomena are to be subjected to such a simpleminded moral judgment? American society has been diverse from the very beginning; it is still diverse. And Ms. McCarthy wonders whether that is a bypath or t'he "right" way. Then the Lady Abigail turns to your reluctant correspondent, relying on quotations from a newspaper article about a speech of mine. Now there is no reason in the world why. she should feel any need to refer to my work, but at the risk of being petulant, I must say that if she does refer to it, the intellectually honest thing to do would be te rely on something more than newspaper accounts of a lecture. I spent four yellrs working on a tome, "Ethnidty in the United States." If Ms. McCarthy wants to speak to my position, as she "puzzles" over the new ethnicity, she should at least do me the courtesy of reading the book. Ethnicity Approved Okay, so the Catholic intel c lectuals don't want to read my book. I write too much anyhow. Besides your typical armchair Catholic expert doesn't have the time to pore over statistical tables. But they could turn to the new book by Nathan Glazer and Daniel P. Moynihan, "Ethnicity." It is a collection of essays by scholars from all over the world. Maybe if the Catholic critics of ethnicity realized that the book is published by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and based on papers presented at a meeting at Daedalus House, they will be impressed. If the American Academy approves ethnicity, maybe it will be all right for Catholics to accept it.

...................

Chesterton Society Organizes Here SASKATOON (NC)-The yearold G.K. Chesterton Society is holding a series of organizational meetings this spring and fall in various North American cen~ ters, including Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, Montreal, New York and Toronto. Purpose of the meetings, according to Father Ian Boyd, editor of a periodkal, "Chesterton Review," is to promote a critical interest in all aspects of Chesterton's work." Chesterton, a convert to the Catholic faith, was a poet, writer and critic who exerted powerful innuence be· tween the two World Wars. He died in 1936.

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Says Ford Ignores Postal Subsidy Law NEW YORK (NC)-The president of the Catholic Press Association, speaking for most U. S. religious press associations, has accused President Gerald Ford of "ignoring the law" in his refusal to budget $92 million for a subsidy for second class mail postage, which affects most religious newspapers. The SUbsidy was mandated by a 1974 law extending from 10 to 16 years the phasing in of new, higher, second-class mail rates, according to CPA President John Fink. Fink and other religious press association spokesmen had called on the President earlier to fund the subsidy. But a letter from the Office of Management and Budget said "The President be-

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Iieves that it is inappropriate to provide" the subsidy. The letter, from Whitney Shoemaker, acting assistant to the director of public affair!"> in the budget office, said the President believes that the shorter phasing·in period of new rates is adequate. "To provide additional subsidies," Shoemaker wrote, "would only delay the achievement of a truly independent Postal Service and undermine the principle of self sufficiency" contained in the 1970 postal reorganization act. Noting that the subsidy would be paid for by the taxpayer, Shoemaker said: "The President believes that it is inappropriate to require the taxpayer to pay these costs."

MONTREAL (NC) - Cardinal Paul Emile Leger, the former archbishop of Montreal who reo signed in 1967 to become a missionary among the poor and lepers of Africa, bas once again returned to his missions in Cameroon and Dahomey. The cardinal had been pastor of the parish of St. Madeline Sophie Barat here since last December.

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MARKS JUBILEE: Sister Bernadette Goulet of the Sisters of Charity of Quebec marks her golden jubilee in religious life with a gathering of her 10 living brothers and sisters at Mt. St. Joseph School, Fall River. From left, standing, Mrs. Josephine Perrault, Arthur Fernand, Bernard, Napoleon, Julien, Joseph Goulet; seated, Sister Bernadett~, Sist~r Ste. Madeleine, Miss Jeanne Goulet, Sister Marie Anne de L'Eucharistie. Two SIsters III white are Little Sisters of th~ Poor.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Foil River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

Queries Cursory Treatment Of Two Vital Subjects

11

I cannot and do not claim any particular expertise in theology or catechetics. For this reason, I hesitate to take issue with a new book by Father John A. Hardon, S.J., "The Catholic Catechism," published by Doubleday with a Prefatory Note by John Cardinal Wright, Prefect of the divine law, the claim that she should be established as the rcliVatican's' Congregation of gion of the state. Her claim i:i the Clergy. In my opinion, freedom, nothing more. however, Father Hardon's "contemporary Catechism of the teachings of the Catholic Church," leaves much to be de-

By

MSGR. GEORGE G. HIGGINS

~ired in its cursory treatment of two subjects in particular: Separation of Church and State and Religious Liberty. Under the first of these two headings, Father Hardon takes the position, if I have understood him correctly, that the Roman Catholic Church "objectively" and as a matter of principle'.' deserves preferential status before the law. He also says that while the Church, for pragmatic reasons, can tolerate deviations from. this principle, s:,e nevertheless considers it objectively "unlawful to place various forms of divine worship on the same footing as the true religion." It would appear that the latter quote is excerpted from Pope Leo XIII's encyclical, "Immortale DeL" I take it that Father Hardon is restating the old thesishypothesis argument which the late Msgr. Joseph Fenton and the late Father Francis Connell held to so firmly in their celebrated controversy during the 1950's with Fr. John Courtney . Murr~y. I realize that numerous papal documents (in addition to those which Father Hardon quoted) can be cited in support of this argument. It is impor· tant to note, however, that a number of more recent papal documents and conciliar statements at least appear to renounce any claim to preferential treatment for the Catholic Church. In his commentary on the Vatican Council's Declaration on Religous Freedom, Father John Courtney Murray, cites for example, the following statement by Pope Paul VI addressed to a group of political leaders: "What does the Church ask of you today? In one of the major texts of the Council she has told you: She asks of you nothing but freedom-the freedom to believe and to preach her faith, the freedom to love God and to serve Him, the freedom to live and to bring to men her message of life," Father Murray, whose soholarly input into the Declaration on Religious Freedom is a matter of Record, interprets this statement as "the renunciation by the Church of a condition of legal privilege in society," He says that the Church does not make, as a matter ofrjght or of

No Canonization This is not to say that reli· gious "establishment" is always and everywhere to be condemnd as a matter of principle. But it should be noted that when the bishops of the world debated this matter at Vatican lI, they took great pains not to cananize the principle of "establishment." Whereas Father Hardon's treatment of this subject leave the that preferential impression treatment for the Catholic Church is, objectively speaking, the "ideal" and non-preferential treatment is an exception which, though it can be tolerated, is objectively unlawful, Vatican JI seems to say the opposite. The Council's Declaration 0:1 Religious Freedom says that while preferential treatment (or "establishment") is something that may happen, by way of exception "in particular circum· stance," it is not required as <J matter of principle. Father Murray's commentary on the Declaration's treatment of this problem reads in part: "... the Council wished to insinuate that establishment, at least from the Catholic point of view, is a matter of historical circumstance, not of theological doctri'ne. For all these reasons the text deals with the issue in conditional terms," Msgr. Pietro Pavan, Rector of the Lateran University in Rome (who worked closely with Father Murray on the Declaration on Religious Liberty), says substantially the same thing in his own commentary on the Declaration ("Commentary on the Documents of Vatican II," Volume IV, Her· der and Herder). So much for the separation of Church and state. I woul~ also disagree with the restrictions which Father Hardon has arbitrarily placed on the scope of the application of the Declaration on Religious Freedom. He says, for example, that "... Catholicism now speaks of the religious liberty not only of professed Catholics but of all Chr\stians. They share a common bond in their allegiance to the Savior; and since the turn of the 20th century t-hey have shared in great measure a common suffering for this allegiance at the hands of those who mistakenly 'suppose that s'omehow good Christians cannot be good citizens." Fundamental Right This seems ta suggest that religous freedom is to be granted only or especially to Christians. The, DeClaration on Religious Freedom clearly states, however, that the human person (every human person, including nonChristians as well as atheists) has a right to religious freedom 'and that religious bodies (all religious bodies, not just the Christian churches) "rightfully claim freedom in Qrder that they

... BLESSES STATUE OF PATRONESS OF NO. DARTMOUTH PARISH: Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of the Diocese blesses the new statue of St. Julie Billiart, prior to the administration of the Sacrament of Confirmation to 207 young men and women of the parish. Left to right: Rev. John F. Hogan, pastor; the Ordinary of the Diocese; Rev. John J. Oliveira, secretary to Bishop Cronin; Rev. William P. Blottman, assistant at St. Mary's, So Dartmouth; Rev. John J. Steakem, assistant at St. Julie'$; Rev. Mr. Edmund Rego, a'deacon of the Fall River Diocese; Rev. Msgr. Arthur G. Considine, pastor of St. Mary's, So. Dartmouth; George Ambrosio, Lawrence Weaver and Joseph Miniz, ushers at the ceremonies. ." ......" ·'''''''''''''''-'''.'''''"''''''''''''',_','','.111'''11111''''''''''''''''1"'.11111""""""1.""""''''',11''''''''''''''''''.1111''".,."""."",,,.. . 11.. ,...,,,,,""""","'""11".".'.. "".""'''''''' .... ''.,,,,,, •...,."",.,."" .. "." ..-,·,."",]1"'''''','',,11'.''''.''

may govern themselves according to their own norms .. ," Both Father Murray and Msgr. Pavan are very dear on this point-as i!'> the Declaration it· self. In summary, I am extremely uneasy about Father Hardon's treatment of religious freedom. He talks about it almost exclusively in terms of the Fights and privileges of the Church, whereas the Council's Declaration discussed it primarily as a fundamental human right (of all people everywhere) which "has its foundation in the very revealed word of God and by reason it-

self. This right of the human person to religious freedom is to be recognized in the constitutional law whereby society is governed. Thus it is to become a civil right," I might add that Father Hardon's failure to mention the

Jewish faith in his discussion of religious freedom is particul~rly unfortunate at a time when the members of that faith are being denied the right to religious freedom not only in the Soviet Union but in other parts of ~the world as well.

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12

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

Jessamyn West Chronicles First Justice for Indians In 1824, Indiana was the scene of an unprecedented murder trial. Four white men were charged with the killing of nine Indians. They were found guilty, and three of them were hanged. The fourth received a last-minute reprieve. The trial was unprecedented in that it mark- mine that those who perpetrated murders shall be brought to ed the first time in American the trial. The very idea is astonishhistory that white men were ing to most whites. How should

brought to justice and executed for the killing of Indians. The incident is the nucleus of Jessamyn West's new novel,

By RT. REV. MSGR. JOHN S. KENNEDY

"The Massacre at Fall Creek" (Harcourt Brace Jovanivich, 757 Third Ave., New York, N. Y. 10017. 373 pages. $8.95). Four of the five historical figures who appear in the novel have very minor roles. The fifth, Colonel John Johnston, Indian agent for the Northwest Territory, is more a moving force than a leading actor. All the other characters are Miss West's inventions. Fall Creek is a tiny settlement in the wilderness. Its population numbers no more than 10 or 12 white families. These are people who have made, and sometimes fought, their way from the East, and along the way they have had bad. experiences with Indians. An influential man in the settlement is Caleb Cape, who is a part-time preacher. There is no church in the settlement, but people come on Sunday' to Cape's house, where he conducts an informal religious service ·for them. He is a man of peace. A rabid anti-Indian attitude is represented by George Benson, who, as a boy, saw his grandfather murdered hy Indians. Benson is always raging against the Indians and urging ruthless extermination of them.

.

Indians Ambushed Two Seneca braves, three squaws, and ·four Indian chi·ldren visit the area, long familiar to the.in, and set up a temporary camp. They represent no menace in fact, but Benson is infuriated by their presence. He a,nd three other FaH Creek men ambush the Indian men, then go to the camp and slaughter the women and children. Caleb Cape is horrified by this butchery. He is also fearful that it will bring down reprisal on the little community. There are Indians in large numbers to the North, and it is likely that, learning of the fate of the nine, they wiH come in force and wreak revenge. So Caleb sets out on a 200mile journey to inform the Indian agent, Colonel Johnston, of what has happened and to get him to persuade the Indians not to raid the settlement. ··-'Fh'e'·ft!cf~r"lMMritres "d~tet;

the killing of Indians possibly be considered murder? The trial is rich in dramatic developments, in sudden turns, with great surprises. But the white jury brings in verdicts of murder 'in the first degree, and the death sentence is pronounced on the four defendants. In due course, it is carried out on three of the men, hut the youngest is spared by the intervention of the governor. AU this, although carefully put together, is only the framework of the novel. Its substance is the effect of the fateful events on the people of Fall Creek. Miss West has fashioned characters with complication and depth. They Hve for us, and we feel with them as they undergo a scarifying ordeal. No review of the book should fail to take note of Hannah, Caleb Cape's fiery, red-headed daughter, whose blossoming into womanhood occurs as the grim main business of the novel proceeds. Mention should be made, too, of the Christian faith of the people of Fall Creek. It is fundamentalist and strong and evidenced throughout. This fact makes it all the more tragic the inhumanity in one respect which has a hold on some of them. Fantasy, Fun Passing on to P. G. Wodehouse's novel, "The Cat-nappers" (Simon ·and Schuster, 630 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y. 10020. 190 pages. $6.95), one enters a realm of fantasy and fun. The only non-funny thing about it is that it is the last Wodehouse book, since the author died early this year. It is fitting that in his final work Wodehouse brought back two of his best characters, Bertie Wooster, the marvelously silly man about town and Jeeves, Bertie's incomparable manservant. The old master, whose hand never lost its cunning, puts this pair through some hilarious paces. Bertie's doctor advises him to get some fresh country air, so Bertie and Jeeves repair to a cottage in the somnolent village of Maiden EggesfOl:d, which is certain to be a haven of peace. Of course, it is not. Bertie immediately gets involved in conspiratorial doings, mostly concerned with a cat. It seems that this cat is the .inseparable stablemate of a nervy race horse. Bertie's Aunt Dahlia has bet a large sum on that horse's chief rival in an imminent race. If the cat can be spirited away, the first horse will go to pieces and be unfit for competition. Bertie is directed to purloin the cat. There are other complications as well, but Wodehouse trips through the complications with nary a stuinble or misstep.

The Parish Parade Publicity chairmen of Darish organizations are ISked to submit news items for this colun:n to lhe Anchor, P. O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722. Name of city or town should be l~.cluded, as well as full dates of all activities. Please send news of future rather than past events.

ST.- LOUIS, FALL RIVER The Women's Guild wiU hold a rummage sale and fIea market from 10 A.M. to 3 P.M. on Saturday in the church hall on Eagle St. Donations may be brought Lo the hall between 4 and 7 P.M. tomorrow.

'OUR LADY OF ANGELS, FALL RIVER The Children of Mary will hold a cake sale following all Masses the weekend of June 28 and 29. Holy Name Society members HOLY NAME, will attend a breakfast meet- FALL RIVER New Women's Guild officers ing fallowing 8 a.m. Mass Sunare Mrs. Deborah Dean, presday, June 22. The Feast of Espirito Santo ident; Mrs. Norma Nicoletti,will be celebrated by parishio- vice-president; Mrs. Sheila Feitelberg, secretary; Mrs. Joyce ners this weekend. Desmarais, treasurer. They will ST. JOSEPH, be installed at a da'te to be anSCHOLAR: Susan L. Cos- FALL RIVER . The Women's Guild will spon- nounced. ta, 1971 graduate of Domini- sor an Organ Concert by CarThe 1923 Club dinner dance can Academy, Fall River, has olyn Vadeboncoeur and the Low-· will take place at 7 p.m. Saturjust earned behavioral sci- ryettes at 7:30 on Sunday eve- day, June 21 in the parish hall. A graduation Mass for 40 ence degree at ~IT, spend- ning, June 15 in the Auditorium ing junior year in France of the Diman Vocational High eighth graders will be celebrated School, Stonehaven Rd., Fall at 7:30 p.m. Monday, May 9. All where she studied theology River. Proceeds will be for the parishioners are invited. at the Parish Catholic Insti- henefit of the renovation project The annual parish family pictute. In September she will of the church. nic is scheduled for Sunday, Tickets are $3.00 and may be June 29 at St. Y'incent de Paul begin three-year~aster of obtained by caNing Dorothy Jeff Camp, Westport. Divinty program at Weston at 2-4433 or the rectory at ST. STANISLAUS, College School of Theology, 3-1123. FALL RIVER with a cross-registration at OUR LADY OF PERPETUAL Installation ceremonies for Harvard Divinity School. HELP, NEW BEDFORD Women's Guild officers will be Her eventual aim is campus New officers for the Our Lady held at a 6::30 p.m. Mass Wedof Perpetual Help Society are ministry. nesday, June 18, followed by a Mrs. Anna Galanek, president; banquet at Rochambeau RestauOUR LADY OF MT. CARMEL, Mrs. Genene Tracz, vice-pres- rant, Portsmouth. Reservations ident; Mrs. Pauline Amaral and may be made with Joann'e Polak. SEEKONK Co-sponsored by the Women's Mrs. Pauline Waclaurik, secre"Rays of Sum;hine" will preGuild, the Holy Name Society taries; Mrs. Bertha Fraga, trea- sent "The Story of Roger Wiland the Knights of Columbus, a surer. liams," a bicentennial musical Members will observe the so- program, at 8:15 p.m. Saturday, family communion Sunday will take place on Father',s Day, ciety's silver jubilee the week- June 14 in the school. Chorus June 15. A dinner will follow end of June 21 and 22 with a members will previously sing at 10:30 a.m. Mass at which new dance Saturday night at Polish the 7 p.m. Mass. officers for the guild and the American Veterans Hall, 1680 Holy Rosary SodaHsts will atHoly Name Society will be in- Acushnet Ave., and a Mass of tend devotions in the church at Thanksgiving at 11 a.m. Sunday, 1:30 p,m. Sunday, followed at stalled. followed at 1 p.m. with a ban- 2 p,m. by a ;meeting in the They include, for the guild, Mrs. Mary Oliver, president; quet at Thad's Steak House, 1313 school. Mrs. Rose Soucy, vice-president; Acushnet Ave. Dance chairman ST. HEDWIG, Mrs. Eleanor Whitney, secre- is Mrs. Tracz and Mrs. Galanek NEW BEDFORD tary; Mrs. Linda Hall, treasurer. is in charge of banquet arrangeThe Senior Citizens Club will For the Holy Name Society they ments. sponsor a card ·party at 2 o'clock are John Korkuc, president; SACRED HEART, on Sunday afternoon, June 8 in FALL RIVER George McGee, vice-president; Marking the First Friday of the church hall. Refreshments William O'Neill, secretary; AnJune and the 300th anniversary will be served. tonio Alves, treasurer. Tickets are available from of the apparition of the Sacred ST. PIUS X, members of participating organ- Heart to St. Margaret Mary, all- SOUTH YARMOUTH izations or at the rectory and day exposition of the Blessed The Women's GlJ'ild will hold reservations will close tomor- Sacrament will take place tomor- its a,nnual communion supper row from 8 a.m. Mass to 6 p,m., Tuesday, June 10, following 5 row. . when members of ,the First Fri- p.m. Mass. A social hour (rom ST. JOSEPH, day Club of Fall River wiH at- 6 to 7 and the supper will take AITLEBORO Mass and ~ommunion of rep- tend a special Mass concluding place at Elks' Lodge, Bearses Way, Hyannis. aration, followed by a litany and the observance. consecration to the Sacred Heart will take place at 9 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. tomorrow, .the feast of the Sacred Heart. Knights of the Altar w.ill hold Where The a family picnic at Finberg Field beginning at 1 p.m. Sunday, Entire Family June 8. Can Dine New officers of the parish council are Robert Dubeau, Economically president; Evelyn Boucher, vicepresident; Doris Dubuc, secretary; Rene Dubuc, financial secFOR retary. RESERVATIONS ST. PATRICK, PHONE FALMOUTH Rev. John Mulvehill, director of (617) 675-7185 the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine for the Boston Archdior ocese, will speak at the annual (617) 673-0821 comhlUnion 'breakfast of the Women's Guild, to follow 8:45 a.m. Mass Sunday, June 8 and to be held at Coonamessett Inn. Members may bring guests and tickets are obtainable from Miss Anne Viei~~, t.~,h:phone 548-2521 or Mrs. William Drew, 548-8874.


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

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KNOW YOUR FAITH Tearing Down the Walls

Eastern Orthodoxy BY MARY MAHER Three years ago I spent the summer in a New York Episcopalian seminary with Eastern Orthodox Ohristians. It was a good and painfully insightful time. What I thought were my liberal ecumenical gestures came under fire. We got to levels of strenuous dialogue that made my former ecumenical ventures, such as dr.inking coffee with persons of varying traditions, seem rather cosmetic. I believe that it was the truth about our differences during that time together that made us genuinely love one another. Yet the similarity between Eastern Ort,hodox and Roman Catholics -is great. By and large, we do not differ theologically on most doctrinal matters. They stress a sacramental, liturgical life as we do, but obviously within the needs of their culture. Their canon law, especially regarding marriage and celibacy, differs from ours in Roman Catholicism. Their liturgies are more solemn than ours, yet the rite is very similar. Their use of incense, gold vessels and richly decorated vestments makes liturgy most majestic. During Mass they do not share a great deal communally with each other; the rite is centered on God beyond

and therefore its tone is very transcendent. Spirituality of Hope 'J1he Eastern Christians have an ikon spirituality that is very full of hope. This spirituality presents man as a likeness (ikon) of his creator. Man is made and redeemed in the image of God. Ikons which are liturgically important in their churches are more than art; they are not to be , confused with Western statues. They are believed to be participations in the victory of Jesus which remind man of his glory and his salvation. There is a jubilant sense of real victory in Eastern Christianity. The mission of Jesus was not a touchand-go affair, partially complete. He did all; it was man who has been less than faithful in his response to the Lord. It is difficult for us who arc Westerns to grasp the full implications of the Eastern Christian belief in man. We have long stressed the intellectural side of man as that which is -his greatest faith support. How often we use . the following questions interchangeably: "What do you think?" and "What do you believe?" Eastern Christians tend to be realistic about faith involving the whole man-his feelings anguishes, joys as well as his Turn to Page Fourteen

By REV. AVERY DULLES, S.J. Father Avery Dulles, S.J., is a -professor of theology at the Catholic University of America. A member of the Woodstock College faculty since 1960, he also taught at the Gregorian University, Fordham University, Princeton Theological Seminary, Union Theological Seminary and Weston College, serving as visiting professor at the last three. Father Dulles is the author of more than 250 works. In 1970, he received the Catholic Theological Society of America's Cardinal Spellman Award for his achievements in theology and contributions to theological studies.' WHY SEPARATION OCCURRED From the New Testament it is evident that the Church, as viewed by Paul and by John, is to be a sign of the unity of all those who believe in Christ and confess His name. In our time, however, this dream is a far cry from the reality. Christianity is split by quarrels that occurred many centuries ago. Even though the issues over which the communities originally separated are in some cases no longer vital, no effective method of overcoming the inherited divisions has yet been devised. The present state of Protestant-Catholic relations will be considered in this article. The split goes back to the 16th century. Protestantism, generally

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BY LEONEL L. MITCHELL

Father Leonel L. Mitchell is an assistant professor of liturgy in the Department of Theology of the University of Notre Dame. He is a priest of the Episcopal Church and serves as a Canon of St. James Cathedral (Episcopal) in South Bend, Ind. At Notre Dame he is the chairman of the theology and liturgy summer sessions. Father Mitchell is a frequent contributor to "Worship," "Studia Liturgia," and "Anglican Theological Review." Every Sunday literally millions of Christian people throughout the world join in the ringing affirmation of the Nicene Creed. "We believe in one Holy Catholic and Apostolic Churah," yet they are not themselves' obviously members of a single Church. Many of those who profess their ,faith in the One Church of Jesus Christ will be Roman Catholics many others will be members of one of the Eastern Orthodox Churches, still others will be Lutherans, Anglicans, or members of the Reformed or Presbyterian Churches, yet all can· sider themselves members of the Holy Catholic Church of Jesus Ch11ist. It is on'ly because we have grown up with this situation that we do not consider. it both paradoxical and absurd. For many centuries Christians faced the problem of Christian disunity by ignoring it. Other Christians officially did not exist. They were false disciples, herschismatics, idolators, speaking, stems from Martin Lu- etics, wicked perverters of the Faith ther and from thinkers influenced by him. Luther had no de- and of the faithful. If they could sire to found a new Church, but not actuaUy be eliminated, they he wished to reform the one could at least be geographically Church .in which he had· been segregated--: C{ltholic Italy, Orraised. He protested against cer- thodox Greece, Lutheran Swetain abuses, such as the sale of· den, Anglican England. From the very begining, howindulgences, and set forth some challenging ideas concerning our ever, the United States has had relationship in faith to Jesus to deal with members of almost conceivable Christian Christ. On the basis of his read- every Church living side by side in the ing of Paul's letters, he became convinced that we were to be same country. Often our very saved not by good works but by proximity has served only to grace alone, and that conse- harden differences and breed quently the essential was to distrust. It has also forced us to make a firm act of faith in Christ work together on a number of as the source of forgiveness. He practical local concerns. argued, likewise, that all ChrisNew Day of Ecumenism tian doctrines should he proved The establishment of the by recoilrse to the Bible. In time, World Council of Churches in Lutheranism came to be sum· 1947 marked the institutional marized in certain brief formulas fruition of the Ecumenical such as "grace alone," "Christ Movement. Even those who joy·alone," and "the Bible alone." ously participated in its foundBecause of their doctrinal posi- ing recognized that there was tions, the Lutheran Churches real incongruity in a World came to be separated from the Council of Churches which did Pope. Many of them also organnot include the two largest ized themselves without bishops. Christian Churches, the Roman Break-offs Catholic and Russian Orthodox. In the 16th and 17th centuries In the 1960s the Roman Caththere were bitter disputes over olic Churoh, through the action the theological issues raised by of Pope John XXIIl and Vatican . Luther and his colleagues. The Council II, officially committed Catholic Church rejected many itself to the Ecumenical' Moveof Luther's teachings. Some oth- ment, although without joining er Protestant groups-such as the World Council. This has inthe Calvinists and the Anglicans augurated a new and radically -accepted them with modifica- different day on the ecumenical tions of their own. As a result scene. of new break-otfs in the next Today, not only are Christian Turn to Page. Fourteen chup;hes ~or~.i~~ . ~ogether on

II Protestant-Catholic ,Ecumenism II

to

13

RELIGIONS IN AMERICA: "We all believe that there is and can be only One Church, the Catholic Church of the Creeds, yet we are confronted with the existence of many Churches,whose members we recognize as brothers and sisters in Christ." Cincinnati's "spires of. Eighth Street" show the diversity of religious exper1ence in America. They include St. Peter in Chains Roman Catholic cathedral (left), a Presbyterian church and a t~mple. NC Photo. common social action and community concerns, they are beginning to wrestle at all levels with the hard theological questions raised by divisions of the Church. National and international theologicalcommissions meet to deal "head on" with the theological issues separating Christians. It is not simply that Roman Catholics are talking theology with Protestants. They are Catholic-Orthodox, Anglican-Orthodox, Lutheran-Reformed, Lutheran-Anglican dialogues. There are 'also discussions between the Eastern and the Oriental Churches which have been out of communion since the fifth century. Finally Talking If this were all that was happening, it would be significant, ,but it is only one aspect. Local congregations and individual Christians have begun to talk with their opposite numbers in other Churches. l.f their conversations are 'not always prOductive, there is not need for discouragement. At least they are talking! The separation of Eastern and Western Christendom has lasted 900 years, the separation caused by the Reformation over 400 years ago. Deep inherited feelings are involved. The attitudes of many generations, even more than theological differences, keep us apart. My own situation as an Epis. .. ,

copal priest teaching in the theology department of Notre Dame and writing for Roman Catholic newspapers and magazines is a visible fruit of the new understanding that exists among Christians of different Churches. Still, that very statement exposes the heart of the problem. We all believe that there is and can be only One Church, the Catholic Church of the Creeds, yet we are confronted with the existence of many Churches, whose members we recognize as brothers and sisters in Christ. It was the prayer of Christ at the Last Supper that we might all be one, ·as He and the Father are one. It is toward this goal that we an must press. Willing to Cooperate Full participation in the Ecumenical Movement does not Turn to Page Fourteen

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Tearing Walls ...

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5, 1975

Protestant-Catholic Ecum'enism sideration, in this 'article we Continued from Page Thirteen few centuries, Christianity in the shall ,focus on the Anglican· West was transformed into a Rorn..an Catholic and the Luthertragic spectacle of hundreds of 'an-Roman Catholic. What are these dialogues seeking to acquarreling sects. Early in the 20th century, pri- complish, and what have they marily under Protestant auspices, actually achieved? The Anglican-Roman Catholi:: a movement of reunion was launched. This "ecumenical dialogue, through its Internamovement," as it came to be tional Commision, has pro· called, resulted in the founda- duced two remarkable consention of the World Council of sus statements, one on the EuChurches (1948). Hundreds of charist, the other on Ministry Protestant denominations, as and' Ordination. As a result of well as the Orthodox, churches, their common investigations, belong to this 'body, but the both the Anglican and the CathCatholic Church is not yet a olic members of the Commission have sta,ted their conviction that member. Pope John XXIU and Vatican they could agree on all essen· Council II (1962-65) committed tial points of doctrine in these the Catholic Church officially to two areas, and that consequentthe ecumenical movement. The ly there is no good reason why Council's Decree on Ecumenism the doctrines of the Eucharist, calls upon Catholics to abandon Ministry and Ordination, so bitl'hoeir defensive attitudes and to terly disputed since the 16th join wholeheartedly with other , century, should be obstacles to Christian groups in 'promoting full communion between these the unity willed by Christ for his two major traditions. This is Church. As a result of this not ,to say, of course, that there MAJESTY IN LITURGY: "Their (Eastern Orthodox) mandate, Catholic theologians are not other doctrinal barriers, such as, perhaps, the papacy or use of incense, golden vessels and richly decorated vestin many parts of the world have Mariology. Thus continued diments make liturgy most majestic." In the Church of the been working with their Protestant counterparts to overcome alogue is needed, and is actuaUy Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, Orthodox churchmen in rich the divisions brought about by occurring. robes carry rose petals from Calvary to the Tomb of Christ. Study Reports the Reformation. The church is shared by five denominations. NC Photo. The Anglican-Roman Catholic "Conversion of Heart" Consultation in the United State For those who participate i!) the ecumenical movement, the has published important consenright attitudes are all-important. sus statements that either partians underwent. It is not a disContinued from Page Thirteen The Council speaks of a "con- aBel or comment upon those of mind: Affection is an essential tant history either. There were version of heart" as being the the International Commission. It part of their faith process. Eastern Christians present that "soul of the ecumenical move- has moved ahead of the Intersummer who were still bitter It .is enlightening (and pain· national Commission in producment." This change of outlook about having to attend a Roman ful) to know how the Western demands in the first place that ing a general statement on the churches have assumed 'that Catholic Church on Sunday after nature and conditions of docwe should try to appreciate Christianity' is Western. The their own liturgy so "they would whatever is good in communi- trinal agreement. history of this error is long and get to a legal Mass." T.lle Lutheran-Roman Catholic ties other than our own, thankfilled with horror stori~s of the Major Difference ing God for what thoe grace of Intetnational Study Commission persecution that Orthodox Christhe Holy Spirit has done for produced in 1972, as a result of The major area of difference them and through them. Second- five years' work, a far-ranging between Orthodox and Roman ly, this ecumenical conversion report entitled, "The Gospel and is slow, and requires great pa- Catholics centers around belief demands that we should be hum- the Church." This report dea,lt tience. The whole enterprise in the Pope. They do not hold ble about our own community. primarily with the nature of the could be undercut by hasty the Pope to be the supreme ponThe Council freely acknowledges Gospel and its authority over agreements that would latcr tiff of the Catholic churches. that the Cathoiic Church, in its the Church, but it also took up prove unsound or unacceptable They hold that the Bishop of actual history, has been very 'im- questions such as the mutual to the respective communions. Rome is the patriarch of the perfect and has been partly re- recognition of ministries and the 'It would be unrealistic to expect West, not the Bishop over bishsponsible for some of the divi- possibility of allowing occasional that the centuries-long heritage ops. Each church is subject to sions within, Christianity. "Christ acts of intercommunion between of misunderstanding and dis- its local bishop; the main see is summons the Church, as she the Catholic and Lutheran agreement could be overcome in Constantinople, known. as "the goes her pilgrim way,. to that Churches. a decade by a'few dedicated the- first among equals." This theoThe American-Lutheran-Roman ologians. But it seems certain logical issue is so deeply mixed continual reformation of which she always has need, insofar' as Catholic dialogue has produced that, if there is a general will with political considerations she is an institution of men here since 1965 a series of five vol-, to restore the broken unity of through the centuries that it is on earth" ("Decree on Ecumen- urnes of position papers and the Christian Churches, these enormously difficult to know common statements. These vol- scholarly eUorts will prove cru- when the churches were using ism," 6). On the other hand, we should umes deal respectively with the cially import'ant. the state or vice versa. The ecuavoitl the error of idealizing oth- Nicene Creed as Dogma, with The success of ecumenical the- menical venture of sifting out er branches of 'Christianity and Baptism, with the Eucharist, ology could be thwarted not only tlhe religious and cultural implidemeaning our own. To preserve with the Ministry, and with the by the impatience and careless- cations of our differences will and defend the good things in Papacy. The dialogue is present- ness of theologians but a,lso by not be as easy as sorting apples our heritage is a Christian and ly studying the teaching author- other factors. For any practical from oranges. It will ask much ecumenical respOllSibility. Believ- ity in the Church and particular- results to follow, it is necessary effort (already advanced) on the ers of any denomination should ly the question of papal infalli- for the theological effort to be part of theologians and Chrisseek to build on this heritage bility. In the issues so far treated, supported by genuine eagerness tian neighbors alike. It will ask rather than to dissolve it. It the dialogue has succeeded in on the part of the official leader- an understanding of differences, would be a false ecumenism for clearing up many lang-standing ship of the Churoh and the I suspect, that is not unlike that and reaching ,faithful themselves. Such eager- between two persons before Roman Catholicism or any other disagreements Christian communion to aban- very significant partial agree- ness is not easily achieved. Only marriage. don what 'is sacred to it for ments. The greatest part of ecumenat certain r.aTe moments, such as The Lutheran·Catholic consen- the period from World War II ism will be healing the feelings thoe sake of unity. Whatever each Church has of truth and holiness sus statements in the United to the end of the Second Vatican that have widened the separait holds in trust for the good of States have sought to point out Council, has ecumenism been tion from our Orthodox brothers all Christians and, in the last not only the agreements reached. relatively popul'ar. Very often more than doctrine ever could. analysis, for the good of the but also the issues on which, the the ecumenical theologian It m,ay be time, as Pope John for one reason or another, doc- must be resigned to the fact that suggested, to ask forgiveness whole world. trinal differences seem to re- he will be regarded with mistrust for not having understood the Dialogues main. Following the directives of and suspicion; he will be sus- free choice of other men. The Beware of Imitations the second Vatican Council, pected of seeking compromise hopeful words of Kyr Maximos, The Anglican-Roman Catholic at tohe expense of truth. But who wrot~as patriarch of Anmany Catholic theologians since 1965 have been seeking with and the Lutheran-Roman Cath- ecumenism cannot let itself be tioch; will help us along: "We their Protes.tant counterparts to olic conversations are typical of halted by such false suspicions. belieV'e that Christians would overcome, through dialogue, the many bilateral discussions now Convinced that Christ wills the love one another more if they' doctrinal differences that sepa· taking place not only between overcoming of dissension among knew one another better, that rate their respective Churches~ Catholics and Protestants but His followers, ecumenists will their mutual antagonisms are Among the many dialogues we between other denominations. doggedly pursue their efforts to the fruit more of ignorance than may single out for special con- The work of theological dialogue heal and to reconcile. of ill-will."

Eastern Orthodoxy

Continued from Page Thirteen mean that we believe that the differences between Christian Churches are trivial, nor that "it doesn't matter what you bcIieve." It means that we are will· ing to work together in love with our fellow Christians, whenever, this is possible, and, that we will try to understand what it is that keeps us apart in other areas. We cannot do this by seeking a least common denominator, by abandoning everything upon which we cannot agree, nor can we negotiate our differences on the model of a labor contract. Catholics cannot for example, give up belief in the Eucharistic sacrifice if Lutherans will accept the Papacy. To state this so baldly is to show its impossibility. What we can do is to look at the riches of Christ preserved and shown forth in other churches and share with them the riches of our own tradition. Certainly Protestants have much to learn from the Catholic tradition: the liturgy, the sacraments, the joy of the Christian me. On the other hand Catholics can learn from 400 years of Lutheran and, Anglican experience with a vernacular liturgy and Communion in both kinds. Baptists and Methodists have much to contribute in the field of preaching and ext~mpore prayer. We can all learn from the Eastern Churches about the prayer of the heart and the life of the spirit. The list can be endlessly mUltiplied. Perhaps, the agenda of the present generation of theologians i<; to strip away the irrelevancies, so that we can expose what are the real divisions which keep us from being one in Christ. Certainly, our agenda as Christians must be to create the environment of love and trust in which we can work together. The magnificent thing is that in this century God has removed the scales from our eyes so that we can see the working of the Spirit among Cbristian brethren with whom we are not visibly united, and He has put it into our hearts to work together to tear down the walls we have built between us. ELECTRICAL Contradors

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of fall River-Thurs.; June 5, 1975

Duke Ellington Designated As Apostle to All Faiths ALBANY (NC) - The words "God" and "love" formed a cross on the holy card that a Canadian priest presented to Duke Ellington about one year prior to the composer's death. That card became the inspiration for one of the works included in Ellington's last sacred concert. Father Gerald Pocock, who visited Albany for the May 24 performance of Ellington's Third Sacred Concert, told The Evangelist, the Albany diocesan weekly, that "Duke carried the card I gave him wherever he went" and "had it by his bedside when he died." Father Pocock, chaplain at St. Mary's hospital, Montreal, was a personal friend of Duke Ellington. When the late jazz composer and his orchestra last appeared in Montreal, Father Pocock greeted him at the air port and accompanied him to the hotel. It was then that Ellington told the priest that he had written a song entitled, "Is God a Three-Letter Word. for Love, or Is Love a Four-Letter Word for God?" Later that same day, while Ellington was napping, Father Pocock reflected on the song title and worked out his own lyrics in keeping with the theme. At dinnertime, the priest presented his lyrics to Ellington, who, after reading them, nodded his approval and tucked them away in the medicine bag that he carried. The Canadian priest never dreamed that some day he would hear those lyrics again. By special invitation, Father Pocock traveled with Ellington and his orchestra to England for the premiere of the Third Sacred Concert at Westminster Abbey. He recalls that following the rendition of "Is God a Three-Letter Word for Love?" the choir quieted down as Tomy Watkins, a male vocalist, step~ed up to the microphone. To Father Pocock's suprprise, Watkins proceeded to recite the lyrics that the priest had given to Ellington in Montreal. Man o.f Prayer The Canadian chaplain noted that Ellington was "a deeply religious man, a man of prayer," while pointing out that each of the sacred concerts were dear to his composer-friend. "He looked 'upon his sacred works both as a debt to God and as a way of praising God," he said. Father Pocock disclosed that many who have witnessed the sacred concerts are also those who have avoided church services for years. "What brought them back," he said, "were Duke Ellington's sacred works." The Canadian priest said that he met a singer who !told him ~hat asa little girl she wore a cross which her mother had given to her. But when she broke into show business, the cross was removed, and religion was discarded. "She told me that when she listened to Duke praise God in his sacred concert, her faith was restored," he said. "She has decided now to wear that cross until the day she dies." He remarked: ..Duke .....ad his own special apostolate for people of all faith~."

Father Popock visited Ellington several times during his final months at a New York City hospital. He recalled that there was a piano in Ellington's room throughout his stay. In April 1973, on Ellington's birthday, the priest remembers sharing a few moments alone with his dying friend. On that occasion, he said, "Duke told' me to pull a chair up to the piano and I did. He got out of bed, sat down at the piano and began playing something which he often played before a perforrance. It was a number called 'Meditation,' a favorite of ours. 'Your Song' "Then he started playing something else and asked me if I knew its title. I wracked my brain, but still couldn't remember what it was. Duke smiled and said 'Man, that's your song. That's the Our Father which I wrote while in Paris.' He played it through twice for me. I helped him back to bed and said good night." On May 23, 1974, the night before Ellington died, Father Popock again was with his friend. "I could see that it was the end of the road for Duke," he said. "We prayed to Our Father together and then I left for Montreal. The next morning Duke's secretary phoned to tell me that he had died." The American premiere of Ellington's Third Sacred Concert, entitled "The Majesty of God," was held at Albany's Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception May 24, tbe first anniversary of the composer's death. The original Duke Ellington Orchestra, conducted by the composer:S son Mercer, performed a repertoire of sacred music.

Calls Mindszenty 'Great Confessor' LONDON (NC) - Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty was "the greatest confessor of the faith of the 20th century," Cardinal John Heenan of Westminster declared in a public tribute. "The greatest testimony Cardina'! Mindszenty received was from the Nazi and Soviet invaders of his country," he added. "If they regarded him as their enemy it was because he sought to be the protector of the Hun'garian people." One of the last public statements made by Cardinal Mindszenty before his death May 6 was an interview televised by the British Broadcasting' Corporation. In it the cardinal told his interviewer that he felt no bitterness about the way he had been treated by his persecutors and his own Church. "Rather I feel joyful that I stood for the truth," he added.

Names Dominican ROME (NC) - Pope Paul VI has named Father Vincent de Couesnongle, master general of the Dominicans, a member of the Vatican's Congregation for Religious. Father de Couesnongle, 58, is a native of Brittany in France. He was elected head of the Dominicans in August 1974.

IS

NAUTICAL MEETING: Area board members of Upper Cape Confraternity of Christian Doctrine hold annual dinner meeting at Sacred Heart parish hall, Oak Bluffs, after boat trip from Falmouth to Martha's Vineyard. From left, seated, Mrs. Fred Hausmann, Mrs. Arthur Amaral, Vineyard Haven; Mrs. John DeBettencourt, Oak Bluffs; Mrs. Laurence Mercier, Edgartown; Mrs. Keith Songer, Buzzards Bay. Standing, Rev. Timothy Goldrick, Buzzards Bay; Rev. Thomas Rita, East Falmouth; Mrs. John Regan, Onset; Mrs. Charles Bardelis, Falmouth; Sister Rita Pelletier, Fall River; Sister Theresa Sparrow, Fall River; Rev. John Magnani, Falmouth; Rev. James Clark, Oak Bluffs; Rev. Joseph Wiseman, Woods Hole.

Vatican Radio Soothes Motorists Caught In Roman Traffic lams By JO-ANN PRICE A Jesuit from New York's Fordham Univ.ersity has become the Vatican's first disc jockey. VaNcan Radio has started broadcasting good quality stereo music in Rome, and the effect ,has been '\sensational," the disc jockey, Jesuit Father John A. St. George, said in an interview here. The new sound in Rome is heard during two-hour segments, one in the afternoon siesta time and the other .in the evening, the U. S. Jesuit said. The signals now reach only a 50-mile radius of Vatican City, but a third high-quality music broadcast by short wave to some European countries will soon be introduced. Father St. George's lead-off Italian announcer, Mauro Lorino, 19, who broadcast simultaneously witlh the priest's comment in English, is soon to be drafted for military service, the pr-iest said. The replacement announcer will be another "lirst" in the history of the 44-year-old station-a woman, Miss Simonetta Martinelli, 18, a university student and daughter of a widely known Italian sportsc,aster. Romans at first could not believe their ears last June 2 when the evening show started, Father St. George said. Instead of hearingthe station's usual content of foreign-language stereo broadcasts of Church news, papal ceremonies, encyaUcal&l, the Angelus, the Rosary or Mass, tlhey heard quality music ranging from pop to symphonies to tiilm sound-track melodies. Vatican Radio is the only station in Italy not under Italian government control and therefore can innovate in an indepen-

dent, creative way. This makes it a disc jockey's heaven. Mood Music Father St. George, 54, is former chairman of the Department of Communication Arts at Fordham University and former director of the university's FM station, WFUV-FM. With Vatican Radio since 1966, he is an assistant to the sta'tion's general director.

covered the program as they have switched on their car radios in frustration. So much mail has come in that Father St. George had to hire someone to handle it. Most letters are requests for free program guides. "You help me to cook," is what housewives say. So many listeners asked: "Can we visit you?" that Father St. George and his associates now run tours through the station every Saturday.

The evening show became so popular, Father St. George related, that last September, an afternoon program, "Musica de "I don't consider broadcasting Relax" was started. The theme just an extension of the pulpit is music from the movie "The or sanctuary, but it should repYear 2001" and the show con- resent the total concern of the sists entirely of good music, Church for the legitimate needs with a 40-second break midway of people," Father St. George in the two hours for a short .observed. One need is leisure. Scripture reading or a medita"The driver caught in a traffic tion. jam has needs. And we should The .program starts at 1 p.m., be using the stereo equipment just when frayed motorists are we have at Vatican Radio for the caught in savage traffic jams purpose for which it was deon the way home to their noon- signed, tlhat ,is, high quality time meal. Hundreds have dis- music." •••••••••• t •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

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16

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., June 5,1975

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FIFTH GRADERS AT ST. PATRICK'S OBSERVE HI-CENTENNIAL:

Under the direction of their teacher, Sr. Jessie, RSM, members of the fifth grade class at St. Patrick's School, Fall River commemorate the 200th anniversary of the United States. Witl1 colonial dress-some of it fashioned

by the students themselves-five girls represented "Molly Pitcher" and four boys attired as patriots. Left photo, the patriots: Curt Allan, David Correia, Daniel Pare' and Neal Goncalo. The "Molly Pitchers": Johann Forbes, Christine Frett, Kelly Saucier, Cathy Boscoe and Diane St. Pierre.

Says Chile Needs Social Leaders WASHINGTON (NC)-Chilc's about-face from extreme left to far right has prompted Church leaders to educate Catholics in responsible leadcrship, according to the 5ecretary general of the Chilean Bishops' Conference. Bishop Carlos Camus, here as a guest of the Department of State, explained that the Chilean bishops consider such education in leadership to be a key to reconciliation. The bishops have also launched an orientation campaign on the Church's social doctrine, and are making intensive use of communications. The program "stems from our long experience of suffering," Bishop Camus said. Since 1970 Chile has been ruled by a Marxist government in conflict with landed and business groups; and a righti5t military regime that overthrew it 'in 1973 in a bloody coup followed by imprisonment, torture and the exile of leftist and even moderates. Chile now is in the throes of an economic crisis. "There is a Christian and human way out of these troubles," Bishop Camus told NC News.

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Aids Refugees NEW YORK (NC)-A floating refugee camp of 6,500 Vietname5e off the coast of Singapore, practically without food supplies, has been given emergency help by Chinese and American Catholics. Cyril Chew, executive, direi::tor of the Singapore Catholic Welfare Service, reported that the 6,500 refugees are aboard 34 vessels off the coast of Singapore. They had fled Vietnam in late April and saqled north in 'scC\r<;h of safety.

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Fall River, M~ss., Thursday, June Vol.19,No.23 © 1975TheAnchor Hundredth AnniverSary of the Great Apparition of the' Sacred Heart of Jesus t...

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