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The ANCHOR Fall River, 'Mass., Thursday, April 22, 1965 Vol. 9, No. 16

©

1965 The Anchor

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Assert$ Schools Essential To Strength of Church NEW YORK (NC)-A veteran Catholic educator pre­ Cficted there will be a 'soft spot' in the strength of the U.S. Church if it departs from "the effort to offer "across­ the-board' education to as man.y children possible. Cath­ olic schools, said Auxiliary is due to ease in the next four or Bishop Clarence E. Elwell of five years. Cleveland, where he has been The lack of Sister-teachers in sUperintendent of. schools the past five "critical" years has stnce 1946, provide an essential been due, not to a decrease in ocnucleus of goad Catholics" whc religious vocations, but to Ii supply strength and leadership smaller body of Americans from lor the Church. which they come, he said. The outspoken prelate, in Ii "The middle third age group ~ide-ranging survey of the of the American and American strengths and weaknesses in Catholic population is at present eatholic education, opposed the smallest segment," he said. withdrawal of nuns froni schools But, he said, relief is on the fur other apostolates, said a new way of financing schools is way because the "first large postwar high birthrate classes needed and urged small commu­ nities of nuns to stop trying to are now in high school and the first year of college. It will take supply their own teaching train­ ing program and turn instead to three or four more years before they supply us with teachers." Ute big universities. The bishop took exception in Bishop Elwell, who holds a Cloctorate in education from. his prepared remarks with Sis­ Harvard University and is the ter Mary Jacqueline, president aUthor of several textbooks, of Webster Coll~ge in St. Louis, spoke yesterday at the third Mo. Noting a report in which she was quoted as saying, "I am general meeting of the 62nd an­ Dual convention of the National against any attempt to get every Catholic child into a Catholic Catholic Educational Associa­ school," Bishop Elwell called. tion. this an "unbelievable statement." "The prelate expressed. confi­ Catholic schools are necessary. dence that much of the pressure being felt by Catholic schools he said, because "every disci­ pline needs the Christian eor­ because of big student enroll­ rective." aents and a shortage ot teachers

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Prelates Assert Vatican II Enhances Marian Devotion The Second Vatioan Council's teaching on the Blessed Virgin should enhance the devotion of Catholics toward the Mother of Christ because the council's "Constitution on the Church' and its chapter on Mary stress her a8 insep­ arable in God's plan from the major Marian shrines. Redeemer. This is the eon­ Bishop James E. Kearney of. census of U.S. prelates whose Rochester, N. Y., made one of eomments on the council's the most determined responses to reports that devotion to Mary teaching about Mary were gath­ is being minimized. ered by the N.C.W.C. News Ser­ vice through a questionnaire arid He denounced "extremists" Oft a survey of formal remarks. Church reform, including "ex­ Several prelates took sharp treme liturgists (who) ask us to issue with what they called con­ Turn to Page Ten dusions that the council sought tu downgrade the role of the 8~essed Virgin in the Church. Archbishop John J. Krol oiE philadelphia, who is an under­ $ecretary of the council, noted! the "prolonged applause" from NEW YORK (NC)-Jes­ tbe council Fathers when Pope uit educators were urged Pnul VI declared Mary to be the here to take a "new, tough­ Mother of the Church. This step minded approach" to libera~

bad the "wholehearted approv­ arts education that would put al" of the Fathers, he said. The prelate also noted that the less stress on "required" courses Fathers were "equally gratified" for college students. "To continue into the later ..,hen Pope Paul emphasized the -Iilnivel'sality of the devotion to college years with required sub­ Mary" by concelebrating Mass jects in which a student is not (luring the council with bishops . professionally interested is to til :whOlOe dioceses are locatea Turn to Page Seventeea

Catholic Grade School Teacher-Pupil Ratio Slwws Improvement NEW YORK (NC)-U.S. Catholic grade school enrollment is continuing a trend of increasing only slightly this school year as officials appear to be headed for success in their drive to lower pupil-teacher ratios. T his was reported here today at the 62nd an­ nual convention of the National Catholic Educational AssOCiation. The association sur­ vey is based on figures Rev. Joseph P. Delaney of to Fr. O'Neill, is also in attend­ gathered within the last two Taunton, who serves as assistant ance together with Sister Mir­ weeks. Since the end of iam, RS.M., and Sister Felicita, R.S.M., who are diocesan school World War II, Catholic grade supervisors and Miss Grace Tay­ schools have grown with tre­ lor, departmental secretary. mendous leaps, sometimes as The pupil-teacher ratio now high as four per cent a year. stands at 38 students per in­ During the past three or four structor. It was 39 to 1 last year. years, however, the increase NCEA e x p e c t s enrollment slowed as the schools encoun­ should rise about one per tered financing problems, faced cent next September, while, at a shortage of teaching Sisters, the same time, pupil-teacher ra­

took steps to improve the sal­ tios should continue to improve. aries and other benefits of lay

It said no diocesan school office teachers and worked to curb expects the ratio to worsen next pupil-teacher ratios. year. Seventy-five expect it to NCEA said grade school en­ remain the same in their terri­ rollment increased only 11,000 tory and 47 believe they will be pupils this year to a total of able to lower it again next year. 4,541,000, a rise of two-tenths of "This presages better for the one per cent over the past school future than the figures would year. indicate at first glance," all Rev. Patrick J. O'Neill, Super­ NCEA summary said. intendent of Schools in the Dio­ "The reason is that the 47 di­ cese of Fall River, leads the oceses enroll almost half of aU five-member delegation repre­ the pupils, 44 per cent. Among senting that Southeastern Mas­ REV. PATRICK ~ O'NEILL Turn to Page Twelve sachusetts diocese.

Lutheran Sees Catholics Taking Lead Theologian Notes Ecumenical Attitude EAST ORANGE (NC) ­

A Lutheran theologian noted here a turnabout in Protes­ tant-Catholic ecumenical re­ lations, with the Catholics taking the lead. Dr. George A. Lindbeck of the Yale University divinity

Diocesan Women Plan "Conclave At Stonehill The 12th annual conventiol\ l)f the Fall River Diocesan Council of Catholic Women will be held at 9 :30 Saturday morning, May 3, at Stonehill College in. North Easton. The Stonehill Glee Club wilt offer a musical program at the afternoon session which will be under the direction of George Pelletier. Exhibits of· religious articles together with other articles of interest from foreign countries wi~ be on display With the women of" the Taunton area council in charge. Mrs. Aristides A. Andrade of Taunton, diocesan council presi­ dent, is. arranging the attractive session with Rt. Rev. Thomas F. Walsh of Attleboro, moderator, and Rev. James F. Lyons of Taunton, district moderator.

Jesuit Urges look At Liberal Arts

MAY 9·19

school emphasized the changed Catholic attitude in the ecumen­ ical movement. There has- been a com­ plete reversal of roles," Dr. Lindbeck noted, recalling that the Protestants were the first to take the intiative while Catho­ lics shied away from contacts. "But in the future we might have a situation which finds Catholics taking the initiative while the Protestants prove re­ luctant," he said. In the accelerated pace of ecti­ menism, Dr. Lindbeck acknowl­ edged there is a lack of man­ power and resources which con­ tribute to the Protestant lag.

Monday Meeting Is to Complete Appeal Plans At 3 next Monday after­ noon, April 26, aU pastors, assistants, parish chairmen, trustees and interested lav­ men will meet in the J es;U; Mary Academy auditorium to make final plans for the 1965 Catholic Charities Appeal. "The Catholic Charities Ap­ peal of 1965," Taunton Atty. Richard K. Martin, lay chairman said today, "will be dedicated to His Excellency, Most Rev. James L. Connolly. On May 17, Bishop Connolly will begin his fifteenth year as Bishop of the Diocese of Fall River. His accomplishments during that time in the area :>f charity have been simply as­ tounding. "It is our hope that through Monday's meeting we can organ­ il';e this year's Appeal as a mem­ orable tribute to Bishop C:>n­ nolly, the Bishop of Charity. The finest tribute we can pay Bishop Connolly is to raise a total i.n this year's Charities Appeal that will make it possible for him to carry out his commitments and dreams for Charity." I .

Dr. Lindbeck said the Catholte turning point in ecumenisJll stemmed from the Second Vat­ ican CounCil. He said the Churclt has "given up the attempt to de­ fend the past and is freeing it­ self for an aggiornamento, a J.'e4 tu.rn to ,sources." Dr. Lindbeck is among the Lutherans who will discuss the Nicene Creed with a team of Catholics. He said these studies are not intended to lead to any­ thing more than an increasecl appreciation of the understand­ ing each confession brings .. the doctrine involved. Interviewe~ after he gave a lecture at First Lutheran Churcll here, Dr. Lindbeck said "we don't anticipate anything from the talks any more than we an­ ticipate anything from tiM Lutheran-Presbyterian conver­ sations" which have been iR progress for two years. Dr. Lindbeck said Catholic re­ form is going beyond what Luth­ erans feel they accomplished and approaching what Martin Luther. himself, wanted. He expressed the belief that Catholic liturgical changes are just beginning. "Catholic worship now is no longer a spectacle but a mattell' of participation in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ," he said. "It has a richness and emo­ tional power which many Prot­ estants would envy."

Poll Undersco~es Marriage

Fai~ure

MONTREAL (NC) A survey made here claimed a marriage in which both partners are under 19 has

only a 15 per cent chance fo1!' success. Two University of Montreal sociologists, Madeleine Trottier and Andre Normandeau, made the study, entitled "The Mar­ riage of Adolescents in Montre­ TUt'1l 1lQ Pale' FoW1eelt

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Spanish PrelQte Receives Ring

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. April 22, 1965

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VATICAN CITY (N C ) Spain's Angel Cardinal Herrera y Oria of Malaga has been pre­ sented with his cardinal's rinl by Pope Paul VI in a delayed ceremony in the Vatican palace chapel of st. Mathilda. The ceremony was delayed because the cardinal remained by tradition in Spain to receive his biretta from the chief of state, Generalissimo Francisco Franco, while the 26 other new cardinals gathered in Rome for the February consistory. Present for the latest ceremo­ nies were the cardinal's relative8 as well as Antonio Garrigues y Diaz Canabate, the Spanish am­ ,bassador to the Holy See, and the mayor of Malaga. The Pope paid tribute to Car­ dinal Herrera's zeal and work in cultural and educational fields in his diocese, and also to Spain'. Catholic tradition.

, Morally ,Unobjectionable for Everyone

Atragon Boy Ten Feet Tall Cheyenne Autumn Day Mars Invaided Dear Brigitte Disorderly Orderly Duke Wore Jeans Emil and the Detectives Fall of Roman Empire Fate Is the Hunter Father Goose Ferry Cross the Mersey Finest Hours First Men in the Moon Fluffy

Hercules, Sampson and Ulysses Indian Paint Man From Button Williow Mara of the Wilderness Mediterranean Holiday Murder Ahoy My Fair lady Only One in New York Outlaws Is Coming Romeo & Juliet Santa Claus Conquers the Martians Secret of Magic Island Sergeants 3

Summer Holiday Sword of Ali Baba Those Calloways Train Truth About Spring Topo Gigio Von Ryan's Express Voyage to End Universe When the Clock Strikes World of Abbott and Costello Yank in Viet Nam, A You Have to Run Fast Zebra in the Kitchen

Unobjectionable for Adults, Adolescents Aphrodit. Baby the Rain Must Fall Back Door to Hell Black Spurs Black Zoo Convict Stage Crack in the World Curse of, the Fly Curse of the Mummy's Tomb Dr. Terror's House of Horrors

Gorgon Ivanhoe Donaldson ' Ximberle} Jim lawrence of Arabia Man From Galveston Masquerade Mora Witch Doctor Night Walker None but the Brave Point of Order Ring of Treason Roustabout SanJuro

Satan Bug Seance on a Wet Afternoon Secret of Blood Island Shock Treatment 633 Squadron South Pacific Taxi for Tobruk 36 Hours Unsinkable Molly Brown Weekend With lulu Wheeler Dealers World of Henry Orient

Morally Unobiectionable for Adults Ape Woman Bay of the Angels Bebo's Girl Blind Corner Bus Riley's Back hl Town Bye Bye Birdie Code 7. Victim 5 Crooked Road Darby's Rangers Die, Die My Darling Genghis Khan Goldfinger Guide Horror Castle

How to Murder Your Wife Hush, Hush, Sweet Hysteria II Bidone I Saw What You Did los Tarantos luck of Ginger Coffey Nothing But a Man Rage to live Rio Conchas Rounders Ship of Fool~ Slave Trade in the World Today

Strange Bedfellows Soft Skin Three Penny Opera Thunder of Drums Town Without Pity Two on a Guillotine Umbrellas of Cherbourg Very Specia: Favor West Side Story Wild Affair Woman of Straw Young lovers

For Adults (With Reservations) This classification Is given to certain films. which. while not morally offensive In themselves. require cautio" and some analysis and explanation as a protection to the uninformed against wrong interoretations and false conclusions. Anatomy of a Marriage Lilith Suddenly Last Summer Best Man love a la Carte Taboos in the World BlaCk like Me Marriage, Italian Style This Sporting life Divorce: Italian Style Martin luther Under Yum Yum Tree Collector Organizer Victim Cool World Nothing But the Best Visit. The Dr Stranl!elove Pumpkin Eater Walk on Wild Side Girl With the Green Eyes Sky Above & Mud Below Yellow Rolls Royce Strangers In the City Young & Willing

Morally Objectionable in Part for Everyone lIJnericanization of Emily Black Sabbatl> Comedy ot Terrors Curse of Living Corpse Devils of Darkness Diary of a Bachelor Diary of a Chambermaid Female Jungle 4 for Texas Frightened City Get Yourself A College Girl Girls on The Beach House Is Not A Home Jessica In Harm's Way Joy House John Goldfarb, Please Come Home

Kitten With A Whip lady In Cage les Abysses love Has Many Faces Love. the Italian Way Masque ot the Red Death Nutty. Naught) Chateau Pajama Party Pleasure Seekers Psyche 59 Quick. Before It Melts R1clng Fever Raiders From Beneath the Sea Sex and the Single Girl Shock Corridor Small World of Sammy Lee

Soldier in the Rain Splendor in Grass Sunday in New York The Devil and the 10 Commandments Three Fables of Love Tiara Tahiti <Br J TIme Travelers Under Age Vice and Virtue Viva las Vegas foung Dillinger What A Way To Go Nhy Bother to Knock Yesterday. Today 'and Tomorro'" Zombie

Condemned Circle of love f.mnh Canvas let's Tal~ About Women Love Goddesses

Monda Pazzo Silence Sweet and Sour

FORTY HOURS

DEVOTION

Apr. 2~Holy. Ghost, Attle­ boro. St. Joseph, New Bedford. May 3-0ur Lady of the Im­ maculate Conception, North Easton. St. Mary, Hebronville. May 7-St. Vincent's Home, Far River May 9-St. Pat ric k, Fal­ mouth. Mt. St. Joseph School, Fall River. THE ARCHOI Second Class Postage Paid at Fall RIver, Mass, Published every Thursday at 410 Highiancl Avenue Fall Rivet Mass, by the catholic Press 0# the Diocese of Fall River. Subscriptl. prlet .. ..II, postpa~ U.OO fer year.

Terrace To Love Woman ill the Dunes

Oh.u Lay Teachers Get Pay Increase YOUNGSTOwN (NC)-Bish­ op Emmet M. Walsh of Youngs­ town has granted a five per cent wage increas~ for all lay teach­ ers in Catholic elementary schools and a liberalization of lay teacher scholarship benefits. He said the increase will bring lay teachers' ~alaries to 85 per cent of the wage ~tandard set for their public school counterparts. The new scholarship subsidy plan calls for a $1,400 grant-loan to persons who' pledge to teach two years in Catholic elemen­ tary schools. Half of the fund • an outright gift and the remain­ der is loaned interest free. Auxiliary Bishop James W. Malon e , superintendent of schools, said the pay scale and scholarship revisions have been made to counter the teacher dropout problem and to attraet better teachen.

PREACHING THE WORD: Planning a workshop for priests in better preaching of the Word of God, to be held this Summer at Catholic University, Washington, are, left to right: Rev. Gilbert V. Hartke, C.P. of the CU de­ partment of Speech and Drama, and Msgr. Walter J. Schmitz, S.S., dean of the CU school of theology. NC Photo.

Buddhi~t

Journalist Sees Church

Only Hope Against Communism

CINCINNATI (NC)-A Bud­ dhist diplomat-journalist de­ clared here that "the only hope for the· world against commu­ nism is the Catholic Church." Tran Van Dinh, former acting ambassador from Vietnam to the U. S., told a Xavier University forum audience that his nation's war against the Viet Cong "can­ not be won with the present stratergy." That strategy, he explained, is to "win the war first and meet the people's needs second." "Our government has to rec­ ognize that this is a war for the minds and hearts of people," he said. j'We must have a positive social program." Providing jobs for the unem­ ployed, decent housing for poor city-dwellers, land reform for the peasants, reliable water sys­ tems--all this is of greater im­ portance than the military prob­ lem, according to Van Dinh. Complex Issues While he does not believe in yielding to tht. communist ag­ gressors, Van Dinh expressed the view that the bombing of Viet­ nam could be a hopeless enter­ prise and serve to unite the pea-

Sings Requiem For Mother Rev. Thomas J. Harrington, assistant at St. Francis Xavier , Church, Hyannis, sang the Sol­ emn Requiem Mass yesterday morning at 10 in St. Lawrence Church, New Bedford, for the repose of the soul of his'mother, Mrs. Edward J. (Esther F. Yates) Harrington who died Sunday morning after a brief illness. Deacon of the Mass was Rev. William F. O'Connell and sub­ deacon, Rev. Arthur K. Wingate. Mrs. Harrington is survived by her husband, another son, Ed­ ward J. Harrington, Jr., three daughters, Mrs. Francis W. Cain, Mrs. John J. Callahan and Mrs. liugh C. Gillis, three sisters, a brother and 16 grandchildren.

Show Benefits NEW YORK (NC)-A group of Harlem teenagers held a day­ long conference to demonstrate the results of a :',eadership train­ ing course they took at the Lt. Joseph P. Kennedy Memorial Community Center bere.

FRIDAY-Easter Friday. I Class. White. Mass Ptoper; Gloria; Sequence; Creed; Preface; etc. of Easter. SATURDAY-Easter Saturday.. I Class. White. Mass Proper; Gloria; Sequence; C r e e d ; Preface; etc. of Easter. I SUNDAY-Low Sunday and 0c­ tave Day of Easter. I Ciass. White. 'Mass Proper; Glori82 2nd ColI. Rogations; Creed; Preface of Easter. MONDAY-SS. Cletus and Mar­ cellinus, Popes and Martyrs. m Class. Red. Mass Proper; - Gloria; no Creed; Preface at Easter. TUESDAY-St. Peter Canisius, Confessor and Doctor of the Church. III Class. White. Mass Proper; Gloria; no Creed; Preface of Easter. WEDNESDAY-St. Paul of the Cross, Confessor. m C1au. White. Mass Proper; Gloria; no Creed; Preface of Easter. THURSDAY-St. Peter of Ver­ ona, Martyr. m Class. Red. Mass Proper; Gloria; no CreecJ; Preface of Easter.

pIe against those who do the bombings. "Besides," he said, "people tend to oversimplify complex issues." In North Vietnam, for example there are a million Catholics, he said. Moreover, of the Viet Cong aggressors, "at the most, 30 per cent are communist." he added. Van Dinh lauded the "pro­ gressive spirit" of Pope John XXIII and Pope Paul VI. Scion of a family which has been Buddhist for at least ten gener­ ations, Van Dinh said the Cath­ olic Church is the chief bulwark against commUnism. "That's because the Church," he explained, ''while it is a worldwide organization, isn't a power organization, and because Retard~d it possesses flexibility to meet, WEST HARTFORD (NC)­ changing circumstances, and a Gov. John N. Dempsey and Mn. sense of humanity." Dempsey served as sponsors at a Confirmation ceremony for more than 100 mentally retardecl children here. Auxiliary Bishop APR. 25 John F. Hackett of Hartford Rev. John J. Wacfi!, 1940, As­ sistant, Sacred Heart, Fall River. conferred the sacrament in &to Rev. Raymond .;;.' Lynch, 1955, Timothy's church. Chaplain, Catholic Memorial Home, Fall River. APR. n Rev. Francis J. Bradley, D.D., 1925, Rector, Cathedral, Fan FUNERAL HOME River. 469 LOCUST STREET Rev. Romeo D. Archambault, 1949, Pastor, St. Anne, New Bed­ FALL RIVER, Mass. ford. OS 2-3381 APR. 28 Rev. Stanislaus J. Goyette, Wilfred C. James E. 1959, Pastor, St. Louis of France, Driscoll Sullivan, Jr. Swansea.

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Californian Cites College Pursuit In World Today

THE ANCHORThurs., April 22, 1965

Swelling College Ranks Increasing Church Problem

NEW YORK (NC) '"Never in my quarter cen­ tury in higher education has the value of college residence

NEW YORK (NC) - In "these days of ecumenism and American pluralism" the historical, defensive, justi~

or of a church college been lower on the open market." , This was the declaration of Louis T. Benezet, president of Claremont (Calif.) Graduate Schools and University Center, in his talK at the 62nd annual National Catholic Educational Association convention be i n g held in this city this week. .

n10re Hard Headed "We must examine with can­ dor why this should be so," the California e d u cat 0 r asserted, saying: "The temper of the times is against us. Knowledge is rated more important than the process or setting involved in knowl­ edge." "To an extent we are battling out on college campuses the question whether there is room for any kind of belief as a pre­ condition for learning." Additionally, he said, colleges face "perhaps the most permis­ sive generation in United States history," one adjusted to "un­ limited communication" which prevents colleges from shielding students froin a true picture of eurrent society. . "We are trying to educate a ~udent generation which is aware at once of the brutality, misery and folly being perpe­ trated by human beings, both Christian and non-Christian," he noted. Students, he averred, thus find it harder to believe in a "synthetic campus society." Residential colleges, which Benezet made the focus of his remarks, need to be "more hard­ headed" in studying their make­ up and processes. For example,· l,te said, they should check whether high tuition costs are "homogenizing" ~ h e i r student bodies along the ·same socio­ economic lines.

Asks State Control, Of Private Schools DES MOINES (NC) - Rep. Harold Fischer of Wellsburg has proposed an amendment to the school law pending in the' Iowa Legisiature which would place parochial and private schools· under jurisdiction of three public bodies. The amendment would place the schools under the Iowa Board of Public Instruction, the State Superintendent of Public In­ struction and the various county superintendents of schools. The Fischer amendment was attacked by a number of sup­ porters of the bus bill. Jim Col­ lison, executive director, Iowa Citizens for Educational Free­ dom, said it would not modify the bus bill, but "transfer the private schools into a sort of quasi-public institution, com­ pletely dominated by state authority."

Vt. Catholic College Honors Protestant WINOOSKI PARK (NC) Rev. Dr. Douglas Horton, dean emeritus of the Harvard Univer­ sity Divinity School and a Prot­ estant observer at the Second Vatican Council, has received his first honorary doctorate from a Catholic college-St. Michael's here in Vermont. The doctorate of humane 'let­ ters was awarded at a special academic convocation. Fat her Gerald E. Dupont, S.S.E., college president, said the degree was conferred on Dr. Horton "to witness our high esteem for his outstanding contributions to the cause of ecumenism and our own earnest commitment to this cause,"

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DISCUSS MARYKNOLL MISSION METHODS: President Fernando Belaunde Terry recently received 35 M~ryknollers to discuss future Mission plans for Latin America. Left to right:· Very Rev. John F. Donovan, M.M. Vicar General of the Maryknoll Fathers, who before he entered the Order was an outstanding athlete. in Newport and at Holy Cross College, Worcester; Bishop Ch,arles A. Brown, M.M., of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, and President Belaunde Terry, NC Photo. ..

Catholic Colleges Facing Challenge Jesuit Sees Need for Added Strength NEW YORK (NC)-National Catholic educators, here in at­ tendance at the 62nd annual ed­ ucational association convention, are agreed that there will be a Catholic college in your future but that new strength must be infused in the present Catholic colleges and universities if they are to retain the distinctive stamp that marks their Catholic education. 'However, despite many pre­ dictions that the days of private higher education are numbered because of high costs and the continuing movement of stu­ dents toward tax-supported in­ stitutions, there is agreellJ.ent that Catholic higher education is nowhere near collapse. The problem is largely in terms of "identity" and "pur­ pose," rather than mere surviv­ al, the educators believe, as they note predictions that more than 80 per cent of the Catholic col­ legians will get their education on secular campuses by 1985. Along with other church­ related and private institutions, Catholic colleges and universi­ ties must seize upon and empha­ size the elements that make them different from other insti­ tutions, Father William F. Kel­ ley, ·S.J., president of Marquette' University, Milwaukee, told one session."Our survival and excel­ lence will depend upon our em­ phasizing the factors which dif­ ferentiate us from the other American colleges," he said.

Bus Rides for All Aid (Public Schools CLEVELAND (NC) - Tax- . paid bus rides' for nonpubIic scool students mean stronger public schools, the national pres­ ident of Citizens for Educational 'Freedom (CEF) said here in Ohio. Stu~rt D. Hubben, prosecuting attorney in Traverse City, Mich., cited a Michigan law providing. bus transport for all pupils. He said it has' helped cut down con­ troversy in education matters, strengthened support for public school bond issues, and thus ben­

efited public education. Citizens for Educational Free­ dom, which Hubbell heads, is a national non-sectarian organi­ zation which supports equal treatment for students in both public and nonpublic schools.

This will mean a change of direction, the Jesuit president declared, because Catholic insti­ tutions in past years have con­ centrated on the similarity to other institutions. This was done, he said, to gain "accreditation and professional acceptance. .But the new emphasis, said the Marquette Jesuit, must not be "reheated material from undi­ gested seminary notes." He suggested some specific

steps notably that a: church­ related college can help in the pursuit of world peace because "the only enduring basis for peace must be theocentric and only a religiously oriented and. God-centered college can turn without embarrassment to a' study of those divine endow­ ments to each human being which give him a dignity and which place him in the family of man." .

Hub Jesuit Emphasixes Purposes Of Higher Catholic Education NEW YORK (NC) - Father Father Walsh, whose concern Michael P. Walsh, S.J., president was the role of major "univer­ of Boston College, supports the sitycenters,"academic complexes idea of asking "some fundamen­ of post-doctoral work, computer tal questions about the mission facilities, special research insti­ of Catholic education" but he tutes and impressive libraries, fears the answers will not re­ declared "the Catholic univer­ ceive the same attention and sity is not just a secular univer­ publicity that the doubts do. sity under Catholic auspices." Speaking at the National Cites Purpose Catholic Education Association convention now in session here, "We insist," he said, "that the Hub Jesuit said: Catholic universities are need- .. "I feel that responsible voices ed for the sake of truth, for the in American Catholic education sake of culture, for the sake of and in the American Catholic sound intellectual progress and community have not been heard for the sake of society itself as in sufficient number or with suf­ well as for the sake of Catholic ficient force to contain and students." channel the healthy ferment and questioning that is going on." Querulous Snipings .He asserted Catholic news­ papers and journals have be­ come distant from Catholic edu­ cation, adding: "These journals seem to have developed a detachment con­

cerning Catholic education as

273 CENTRAL AVE. though it were a social institu­

tion no more related to the in­

terests and goals of Catholic

WY 2-6216 editors than public education." He 'also said the leadership of NEW BEDFORD the Catholic community has "so concentrated its efforts and elo­ quence on important political issues" that it has not satisfac­ torily met "the 'many honest in­ quiries, as well as the querulous snipings concerning Catholic ed­ 3 Savings Plans ucation that emanate today not Home Financing from without but from within the Church."

BLUE RIBBON LAUNDRY

fication for Catholic institutions of higher education is weaken­ ing. So said Brother Abdon Lewis, F.S.C., dean of the School of Arts and Science of Manhattan College, at the 62nd annual National Education Association convention now in session here in this great metropolitan city. The Manhattan dean also noted the growing problem. of providing religious education to Catholics on secular campuses. He pointed, too, to a change in secular schools which are "anxious to provide religious op­ portunities for all students and courses in their Faith approach­ ing the quality of the best of­ fered at Catholic institutions." Individual Dignity Brother's proposals include experimentation and innovation and critical evaluation of them "in the light of the Christian concept of the person." Students, he said, must be rescued from the impersonality that characterizes much higher e.ducation today. "The a cad e m i c pressures brought to bear on emotionally immature and bewildered young people by an impersonal aca­ demic juggernaut or bureaucra­ cy are unconscionable for a col­ lege that must uphold the dig­ nity of the human person," he declared. He called for expansion of co­ operation between Catholic in­ stitutions, saying inter-institn­ ti9nal cooperation has been de­ layed in past years for "petty and unrealistic reasons" and a "serious examination of the in­ stitutional conscience about this is in order."

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. April 22, 1965

13 Children, 11 Adopted, Form

Happy North Carolina Family

CHARLOTTE (NC) - This is, in a way, the end of a story. Chapter One, steeped in tragedy, began on Jan. 12, 1962 near Battle Creek, Mich. On that day, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Baker died in a wreck and left nine surviving children. The story of that accident was printed in newspapers throughout the country. And here in Charlotte, a man and his wife read that story. They called a

The Parish Parade ST. PIUS X, SO. YARMOUTH Mrs. James Quirk and Mrs. An gel 0 Lanza, co-chairmen, have announced that a rummage sale will be held on Saturday, May 22, in the Church Hall, Sta­ tion Ave., So. Yarmouth, from 10 in the morning until 1 in the afternoon. Any articles to be donated may be brought to the hall dur­ ing the week of May 16. A food sale is scheduled for Saturday morning. May 29, at 10 o'clock.

ST. JOHN BAPTIST, CENTRAL VILLAGE The Ladies Guild will hold • rummage sale fro"ll 9 to 2 Satur­ day, April 24, in the church hall. Chairmen are Mrs. Mary Best and Mrs. Emily Costa. ST. JEAN BAPTISTE, FALL RIVER Mrs. Eugene Hebert heads of­ ficers of the Council of Catholic Women. She will be supported· by Mrs. Emile Rancourt, vice­ president; Mrs. Charles La­ pointe, secretary; Mrs. Eugene Gagnon, treasurer. They will be installed at a May banquet. SACRED HEART, NO. ATTLEBORO The Ladies of st. Anne Sodal­ ity will receive corporate Com­ munion Sunday morning at the 8 o'clock Mass. The monthly

meeting of the group will take place Monday evening, April 26, at 7:30 in the school cafeteria and refreshments will be served. Parents of the pupils of the first six grades are invited to attend an exhibition of school work scheduled for Sunday morning from 8:30 to noon. MT. CARMEL, NEW BEDFORD Mrs. Lloyd M. Neville, noted lecturer on household arts and home economics, will speak to the Women's Guild and demon­ strate the art of cake decorating with a brush and will design pictures in frosting. OUR LADY OF GRACE, NORTH WESTPORT A Communion breakfast is set for Sunday morning, May 2nd at White's Restaurant, following the 8 o'clock Mass. Reservations may be made by calling Mrs. Cora Perreira, President. A meeting will be held Tues­ day, May 4th, at which a slate of officers will be presented by a nominating committee headed by Mrs. Jeannette Barboza. ST. PIUS TENTH, SOUTH YARMOUTH At the regular monthly meet­ ing members of the Women's Guild discussed plans for the forthcoming dinner dance to be held April 24 at the Hyannis Inn Mote!. Members were urged to do­ nate items for the Rummage Sale to be held in the church hall on Saturday, May 22 from 10:00 A.M. to 1:00 P.M. It was announced that all members of the parish will be contacted regarding donations for the Mammoth Food Sale to be held May 29.

priest and said they would like to adopt those nine orphans. They already had four children two of their own,. two adopted. ' Chapter Two That call by Donald Meyers began Chapter Two, a happy one. On Dec. 17, 1962 the nine Baker orphans found a new home just in time for Christmas -and were greeted with open arms by Donald and Jean Mey­ ers and their four youngsters. The story of the adoption was told in newspapers and maga­ zines throughout the country. Then Donald and Jean took their 13 children behind the doors of their home, into a life of quiet and happiness, away from the spotlight. Thus began the knit­ ting of the four Meyers and the nine Bakers into one family, while all awaited formal adop­ tion proceedings to continue. Now Chapter Three has been written-officially recording 13 children in the Meyers family. The final adoption papers have been signed. What the family has known for a long time, the government now recognizes as official-there are 13 children in the family. Wanted 12

The adoption became final on Jean Meyers' birthday. Donald and Jean and their children still shy from publicity. But the nun who handled the adoption case, Sister Amadeus of the Catholic Social Services, re­ ported everything went smooth­ <Y, and all are happy in one big family. . That's the way Don and Jean planned it when they made that phone call more than two years ago. That's the way they planned it when they married years ago. Then their No.1 wish was for a family of at least 12 children. They have 13.

Urge Vietnam Peace Effort NYACK (NC)-A letter urg­

ing President Johnson to work

fora Vietnam ceasefire, with­

drawal of U. S. troops there, and a peace conference including Red China has been sent to the Presiden~ on behalf of more than 2,700 clergymen. Principal signers are the six members of the Clergymen's Emergency Committee for Viet­ nam. The members of this ad hoe group are Father Peter Riga, moderator of the Catholic Coun­ cil on Civil Liberties; Methodist Bishop John Wesley Lord of Washington; Dr. Dana McLean Greeley, president of the Uni­ tarian Universalist. Association; Dr. Edwin T. Dahlberg, former president of the National Coun­ cil of Churches; Dr. Isidor B. Hoffman, chaplain to JewiSh students at Columbia University; Dr. Henry J. Cadbury, former chairman of the American Friends Service Committee. ThE' letter, which was pub­ lished as a full-page advertise­ ment in the New York Times, was prepared by the Fellowship of Reconciliation, an interde­ nominational pacifist group with headqual"ters here in New York. A spokesman said more than 2,700 signers responded to a cross-section mailing to Protes­ tant, Catholic and JewiSh clergy

Study Alcoholism BUFFALO (NC)-The seventh annual Pastoral Institute on Al­ cohol Problems and the 17th" an­ nual meeting of the National Clergy Conference on Alcohol­ ism will be held here in New York State, Tuesday, April 27.

Nun Warns of Inner Prejudices Against Secular Education ST. PAUL (NC)-The keynote speaker at the 11th annual Na­ tional Catholic Guidance Con­ ference convention here told student counselors "you cannot teach character development and moral values separately." And a nun advised fellow high school counselors to rid them­ selves of "inner prejudices" against secular colleges while helping students to "seek the 'best in education." Donald Barr, headmaster at Dalton School, New York, the keynoter, declared: "The student counselor must cultivate the soul as well as the mind of a child." Barr, who also is a literary critic for the New York Times, said: "You must reach the inner life of the child in order to affect NAMED: Franziskus Car­ him. You must cultivate in him a reverence for the mystery of dinal Koenig, Archbishop of being." Vienna, has been appointed Danger to Faith by Pope Paul· as the head Sister Mary Isabel, coordina­ of the Secretariat for non­ tor of guidance at Bishop Mc­ Believers, the third such Donnell High School, Brooklyn, body established by the Holy N. Y., termed the attitude of See to achieve closer ties some counselors against secular education "shockingly naive and with those outside the Cath­ provincia!." olic Church. NC Photo. The Sister of Charity said "the secular campus is no more an occasion of sin than the Catholic student permits it to be." For some students, she said, there is just as much danger to their Faith at a Catholic college as at MUNICH (NC)-Julius Cardi­ a secular college. nal Doepfner of Munich has de­ Theme of the convention was clared that the new stress laid on individual responsibility by ·Citizens and Pilgrims: The the ecumenical council does not Children We Guide." Sister Isabel acknowledged free Catholics from obedience to that the spiritual welfare of the Church. young people on a secular cam­ In like manner, said the cardi­ nal, Catholics must make certain' pus must be guarded. "To permit 80 per cent of the that social movements within the Church do not infringe on best educated Catholics to drift along by themselves spiritually their personal piety, asceticism, or to receive the barest of in­ humility and meditation. struction seems incredible. It is He added that Church tradi­ a challenge the Church must' tion is all too easily sacrificed to meet soon," she said. "naive world optimism." Cardinal Doepfner spoke at Monastery Stores the plenary session of the Cen­ tral Committee of German Cath­ H~spital in Crates olics which began preparations BUTLER (NC)-A room in for the 81st Katholikentag (Ger­ man Catholic conference) to be the basement of St. Anthony's Monastery here in New Jersey held in Bamberg next year. currently houses a 200-bed emergency hospital, complete Request Volunteers with medical supplies and equip­ ment. For Latin America The Franciscan Fathers made CHICAGO (NC) - More than the space available to Civil De­ 500 Papal Volunteers are ur­ gently needed in response to fense officials faced with the mounting requests from Church storage problem when they had authorities in Latin America, to move their hospital-in-crates David O'Shea, P AVLA national from a former paper mill which had been sold. secretary, has announced. "An enrollment of 75 to 100 Aid Victims prospective volunteers is ex­ WASHINGTON (NC) - The pected for the first course at the PAVLA National Training Catholic Standard, Washington Center, which opens this June archdiocesan newspaper, has at the Catholic University of started a fund to aid victims of America, Washington, D. C.," the Chilean earthquake which destroyed 15,000 homes and O'Shea said. "These will meet many requirements now on caused over 400 deaths. hand, but even more volunteers are called for."

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Honor Nun CHICAGO (NC)-The Chicago Press Photographers Association bas honored Sister Mary Alice, who has spent 34 years at St. Vincent's Infant Hospital and is known as "the angel" of the in­ stitution, with its gold medal award for .her cooperation with cameramen to provide coverage of stories of significance.

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PEWAUKEE (NC) - Father William M. Loesch explained "they didn't have any place to go and it seemed like a ChristiaJl thing to do." So members of Zion Presbyterian church now will be able to continue their Sunday services in a vacated Catholic church. Forced to leave their place of worship, the Wisconsin Presb;,­ terians had been attending ser­ vices in an elementary school until a new church is completed. They faced ouster from the school because the Waukesha C 0 u n t y Superintendent of Schools received a complaint that the worship services in the school violated the principle of separation of Church and State. Rev. Jay Miller, pastor of Zion Presbyterian church said: "It q certainly fine of the Catholic ehurch to make this offer to us. It shows the spirit not only of true ecumenicity, but of true Christianity."

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Many Catholic students, she said, "come to a secular campus already feeling guilty for enter­ ing what they misconstrue as an unavoidable occasion of sin.­ This prevents them "from at­ taining and relating all that i. good and meaningful in this new aspect of their Christian life,­ she added. The Catholic high school grad­ uate, she said, "must be taught to see that all he has learned * * * can grow and mature with exciting possibilities." The increasing enrolh:nent of Catholics at secular colleges, Sister Isabel said, "offers one of the greatest opportunities of the modern church to bring Christ's teaching and example to other men." It should provide, she said, "a plentiful supply of lay­ men who can vitally represent Catholic thought, values and practices."

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T·HE ANCHOR Thurs., April 22, 1965

Adequate Sex Instruction Prevents Distorted Notion

Pope Paul Urges Busin~ss Shun Fal!;ehood

By John J. Kane, Ph. D. "For some time I have been reading hair-raising ac­ eounts of campus morals. My daughter is now at a state university and the English instructor advocated books dealing with sex and told the boys to experiment. We tried to get our daughter into a ignorant of sex matters. Catholic college, but her tirely The problem usually is that grades were not good too many have a very distorted enough. I think all parents noticn of sex. This could be should be alarmed over this situation." This is a difficult letter to answp.r. I do not want to at­ tem~t to min­ imizt> the situa­ tion. but neither do I want to exaggerate it. At the out­ set, we may as well admit therE" have al­ ways been cer­ tain problems Gf sexual im­

morality on certain campuses.

The consequences of original sin

still remain in all of us, even

after the Sacrament of Baptism.

You must remember that boys

particularly at this age are ex­

periencing strong sex drives.

This is not untrue of girls, but

somewhat less true.

Yo" are quite right-there has been a rash of alarmist literature on this point. I made a point-of analyzing two of these books Who<;c titles I prefer not to men­ tion. One study did not include any Catholic institution, only state and private institutions, and in some cases colleges ex­ elusively for girls. It is a highly impressionistic account. There was no real effort to do a sci­ entif:'c study. Psychiatric Studies You must remember that per­ sons who volunteer for this kind of ir.terview may not be typical of the entire population at any single Cllmpus. Not infrequently they ar€' individuals who face serious problems of sex adjust­ ment and are indirectly looking for help when they volunteer for such interviews. On the other hand, there have been some psychiatric studies Which, while they do not meet rigid scientific specifications, probably come closer to the truth. They give no parents any reascn for peace of mind about this matter. But again, there are usually case histories of boys and girls who have experienced difficulty in the area of sex. The statistics provided on illi­ cit Sf>X relations simply cannot be accurate because of the way they are collected. The situation may be considerably worse or considerably better than such figures reveal. But for what they are worth, I 'would certainly agrep. they are alarming and every parent should express concern. Appeal to Teenagers There has been a debate rag­ mg about certain types of books, particularly those by Salinger, which seem to make a particu­ lar appeal to teenagers. Some English instructors, including Cathdics, believe such books are oE'sirable reading for teen­ ager!'. Others disagree. Thp,re is no doubt that books which are pornographic ought to be banned entirely. But one cannot eliminate books, some of whic" are real literature and do refer to sex behavior. It all de­ pends upon how the subject is handled. Some of the truly great En­ glish literature does contain sex episones, but I do not think they should be eliminated for this reason. Every parent must re­ member that by the time a boy or' g;rl reaches the age of 18 in OW' E>ociety. he or she .i8 not en-­

avoided if parents would pro­ vide adequate sex instruction beginning when children are quitE" young and not waiting un­ til the tender age of 17, 18 or 20 to discuss such matters. There are a number of books in the Catholic field and I refer partkularly to one by Father Sattler which teaches parents how to provide sex instruction. The Christophers published rec­ ords some years ago for the same purpose. If children are given both ade­ quatt> religious and sex instruc­ tion, there is much less to fear wher, they enter the kind of a situation described in your let­ ter. But when they have not been urged to receive the Sacra­ ments frequently, to learn as much as possible about their religion, and when their own parents fail to provide adequate sex instruction. the situation may be highly dangerous. Newman Clubs Any college professor who would urge boys to "do some experimenting" in the area of sex, if true, should be brought to the attention of the college administration. This is patently absurd. Since your daughter is at a state university, I urge you to see that she joins the Newman club and participates actively in it. A good Newman club is the best assurance for any Catholic parent with a child at a non­ Catholic institution. Here they can continue to learn about their religion, sacraments are readily available, and there is daily Mass if they care to attend. They also have priest counsellors to help them with all kinds of problems that arise. I have spoken at many New­ man clubs throughout the coun.,.· try and each time I am deeply impressed by the work that is being done and by the caliber of the students who belong to the Newman club. In fact, I have detected a deeper religious fervor in some Newman clubs than I have found on some Catholic college cam­ puse!' The reason, I b~lieve, is that these boys and girls are meeting actively with persons of different faiths and persons of no faith. I think this exposure can be helpful although I must admit it can be disastrous. Fir.<llly, I should not like to leavE' readers with the impres­ sion that the type of situation you mention ir. your letter is typical of all state university campuses. This is simply not so. Many have strict regulations re­ garding hours when boys and girls may be out. They do make an honest effort to supervise the behavior of their students. But even boys and girls living ·at home under adequate paren­ tal supervision sometimes get into trouble. The number of pre­ marital pregnancies in our soci­ ety is ample testimony of this. The best that any parent can do is to attempt to prepare their children for the inevitable en­ counter with sex. This is best done by, not merely providing physiological information, but by providing strong religious motivation to practice the vir­ tue of chastity Children so armed will not encounter seri­ ous problems when they leave home. Children without such preparation are most fortunate if they don't.

5

VATICAN CITY (NC) Pope Paul VI urged business­ men to shun misrepresenta­ tion and to stick to their

MODEL OF FOUNDRESS: Blessed Julie Billiart, foundress of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur who have given 125 years of dedicated service in the Archdiocese of Boston, has been reproduced in bronze by Rev. Thomas McGlynn, O.P. for the Sisters' novitiate at Ipswich at the direction of Cardinal Cushing. The Sisters of this Order are in charge of Bishop Stang High School, No. Dartmouth. NC Photo.

Church' for U.N. Establishment of Holy Family Parish

Pleases Pope Paul

NEW YORK (NC) - Pope Paul VI expressed his pleasure over establishment of Holy Fam­ ily parish here and the recent dedication of the $2.2 million parish church of the United Na­ tions." The papal pleasure was out­ lined in a letter to Francis Car­ dinal Spellman of New York from Amleto Cardinal Cicognani, Papal Secretary of State. The letter said: "He bids me to send you his cordial congratulations on the completion of this impor­ taot project." "The United Nations Organi­ zation, according to its statutes, is dedicated to the peaceful har­ mony among nations, and it is only proper that such a center as Holy Family parish be estab­ lished so that the teachings of Our Lord could have an influ­ ence in the deliberations of this august body," the letter said. The Holy Father is confident that the religious complex will

Puerto Rican Bishop Hails Chapel Ruling SAN JUAN (NC)-A favorable decision by the Puerto Rican De­ partment of Justice which per­ mits construction of an interfaith chapel at the Puerto Rican Medi­ cal Center here has been saluted by newly consecrated Bishop Rafael Grovas of Cagus. The Bishop characterized the project as ~ "precedent of extra­ ordinary transcendency in the sphere of Church-State relations and among the different relig­ ions."

Founders Birthplace DUBLIN (NC) - A 250-year­ old cottage near Callan, County Kilkenny, in WhICh Brother Ed­ mund Ignatius Ric€', founder of the Irish Christian Brothers was born in 1762, is to be preserved in his memory. The thatched cottage, still in good condition, lias been occupied almost con­ tinuously by members of the Rice family.

lead the representatives of the nations of the earth to an aware­ ness of man's relationship to God, of the mutual responsibil­ ities of all nations, and the basie value and dignity of the human person, as they strive to lay the foundations for world peace. The towering spire will serve to remind all who glance at it that all men are children of the one. God, and His Holiness prays that this center will spread the message of love and under­ standing of the Gospel," Cardi­ nal Cicognani wrote.

De Paul Award CHICAGO (NC)-Msgr. Vin­ cent W. Cooke, supervisor of Catholic Charities in the Chicago archdiocese, has 'been named to receive the first St. Vincent DePaul award of DePaul Uni­ versity here. The award, estab­ lished to honor an individual for "serving God through the needs of men," will be presented at the l'Diversity's annual scholar­ ship dinner Thursday, May 6.

BARBERO'S

worc1 in business dealings. He also urged them to be prudent in using funds entrusted to them. The Pope was speaking to Italian business agents who were _ holding their first national con­ gress in Rome. "Can your profession disre­ gard sincerity ir. giving infor­ mation, and fidelity to one's word?" the Pope asked. "Isn't your word the practical tool of your trade, of your trans­ actiens?" Pope Paul urged the business­ men to be "men of your word." He continued: "We will add an­ other suggestion. Be reasonable and moderate in seeking profit for your services, and avoid in­ discreet speculation. This is de­ manded by the common good­ -that is to say, by the people who put their savings into business and take from it the things necessary for life. Principle "It is demandE'd by the very economic principle on which your profession is founded: the speedy and honest movement of salable things, which must not be overburdened at its various stage!'. "It ill demanded, we believe, by yotlr own interest, which will benefit all mor€ when people trust you and your services." Present for the Pope's address in the Vatican were various groups from Europe and North Africa, as well as a group of Catholic and Protestant high school students.

Charred Crosses DETROIT (NC)-Two charred crosses were found here, one at the hom~ of slain civil rights worker Mrs. _Viola Liuzzo and the other in front of the City­ County Building in downtown Detroit. Police said neither cross was burning when found. They added they thought both crosses were burned somewhere else and the remains thrown from autos. ELECTRICAL

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6

TtlE ANCHOR-Diocese of fan River-Thurs. April", 1965

EIIeISi.1

Papal Message It is true now-as it has been SO often in the past­ that papal mess'ages seem to evoke more attention and

speculation and hope from what might be called secular

circles than from the Catholics to whom the message is

primarily addressed.

It might be that Catholics expect the Pope to speak up and have a good idea about what he will speak. They know, Catholic doctrine, too, so their lack of excitement about what he says might be a tribute to their knowledge

of the Faith.

But the fact remains that there is always reverent·

attention and hopeful speculation given by secular news­

papers (why does that word "secular" always seem to have ,an unflattering sound?) and the other news media to his addresses. This is true of his Easter message. It has started immediate speculation that he is adding his, prestige and asking for the force of world opinion to support the proposal of President Johnson for some sort of honorable negotiation of the Vietnam problem. The Pope pointed out that the characteristic of this

age is social coexistence, "so familiar in our world of t'hange, and yet so diffcult to maintain." Mankind is con­ fronted with a choice for either construction or destruction, ,~ ~ and the wise choice must be made.

This does not mean a "sell-out" in Vietnam. It does

mean the serious attempt 'by sincere men to bring an end to war and to the tragic consequences of war. But, at the same time, there can be no handing over to the Communists of an entire people. The world tried that technique more than a decade ago, buying time and, it thought, peace "in our day" from the Nazis by letting them have their way By Msgr. George G. Higgins and the end result was the terrible World War II. Statesmen of the world must show determination and There are few churchmen anywhere in the world more reasonableness and a great sense of purpose in their search deserving of the respect and admIration of mankind than for peace among men. the courageous Primate of Poland, Stefan Cardinal Wyszyn­ ski. He is such a towering symbol of Christian fortitude and such a discerning spokes­ itan newspapers as well. It Non~Believers man for Christian values in called upon President Johnson, the political order that one "in the name C)f God,'" to stop The establishment of the Vatican Secretariat for Non­ Believers is a recognition by the Church of the present and is very reluctant to take the war in Vietnam and to work issue, however tentatively and for an immediate cease-fire. growing fact of atheism throughout the world. At the risk of appearing to be with his recent As Vatican Radio has said, there was a time when respectfully, a heartless warmonger, I am c r i ti cis m atheism was considered as a simple religious indifference. of U. S. policy frank to say that this form of , clerical "witnessing" leaves me People did not accept God for the simple reason that they in Vietnam. On unimpressed. just did not think about Him, had no interest in Him, did the other hand, For one thing, it seems to as­ even-or espe­ not even care to discuss Him. sume that clergymen who are cially - a man The present era, however, has seen a spread of atheism of the Cardinal's not privy to all of the facts about and, in its most extreme form, not only a rejection of God world-wide the crisis in Vietnam, are nec­ essarily better equipped than the but an open and declared rebellion against God, a conscious and richly de­ president to interpret the will of served prestige rejection of God and of every religion. God in the field in international In some instances there is the feeling that man and must ex pee t , relations. Americans to be his destiny need have no reference at all to God. Man him­ at least as frank Frightening Complexities self sets up his goals and uses whatever means' he has at in analyzing nis Moreover, it reveals an alarm­ hand or can devise to achieve these goals. God simply does criticism of the United States as ing degree. of naivete with re­ gard to the frightening complex­ . not enter the picture and any attempt to introduce Him he has been stating it. ities of international relations. The NC News Service reports is considered not only an intrusion but a hostile act to be The statement says, for exam­ that Cardinal Wyszynski has se­ rejected out of hand. verely criticized U. S. bombings ple, that our government should In other cases there is the distorted concept of freedom in North Vietnam as part of "call a conference of all the na­ that makes each man so unique that he is a world and a what he called the modern tions involved, including China, universe in himself, using the present moment to fulfill world's tendency to "solve all not alone to conclude peace but to launch at once a major and his present desires and, once again, without the need of problems by means of death." cooperative effort to heal and In an address to physicians in God. This type of non-believer does not ask where he came Warsaw, he is reported to have rebuild that wounded land." :from or where he is going or the why of his life; he accepts said of U. S. action in Vietnam: This is a very worthy objec­ that he is here and sets out in a determined way to indulge "There is a nation which is be­ , tive, but it was put forth in such bis wants with little thought of anyone else, much less ing crushed into the mud with a patronizingly clerical way as su,ggest that our government, of God. Indeed, since God means control; this is opposed enormous bombs" * * to support to which is, allegedly pursuing a doubtful reasons of state, and strongly. ' " " , not being allowed to decide for _policy in Vietnam which is "un­ It is difficult and, at times, impossible to hold dialogue itself." , worthy * * * of the' high stand­ ards of our common religious with those who hold such concepts. But the Secretariat Misreads Policies faith" really isn't .interested in for. Non-Believers hopes to try. Its creation is an awareness If this is an accurate state­ the war in Vietnam. that atheism is a growing fact in the world. Its work is ment of the Cardinal's position, ending III my opinion, this is an in­ to present the fact of God before men in such a way that one can only conclude that he is sult to the President and his ad­ their inborn,~ J ~:1grained desire for truth might be stronger not fully informed about the visors. They are just as inter­ background of the Vietnam crisis ested in concluding the war in ihan their desire to live a life without reference to Him. and about the policies of the

}

IV~

Deplores Clerical Critic'ism Of U.S. Foreign Policy

ANCHOR

OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER IItublished

~eekly

by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Hi g fi1'and Avenue Fall River, Mass. 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. James L.Connolly, D.O., PhD.,

GENERAL MANAGER

Rt. Rev. Daniel F. Shalloo, M.A.

ASST. GENERAL MANAGER

Rev. John P. Driscoll

MANAGING EDITOR Hugh J. Golder

U. S. government. Cardinal Wyszynski is not the only churchman who.is severely critic~l of the policies of our government in Vietnam. As a matter of fact, you can count that day lost that doesn't pro­ duce a statement by one or more clergymen insisting that the U. S. get out of Vietnam imme­ diately, regardless of the conse­ quences. The most impressive of these statements, signeC' by 2,700 min­ isters and' rabbis and, at most, a handful of priests, was released on April 4 as a full-page adver­ tisement in the New York Times and possibly in other metropol-

Vietnam as any clergyman I have ever met, but alas, they happen to know that calling·a peace conference of all the na­ tions inVOlved, including China, is not as easy as some members of the clergy apparently think it is. What is the President sup­ posed to do, "in the name of God," now that North Vietnam, Russia and China have refused to attend such a conference. Are they required by the de­ mands of our "Judaeo-Christian faith" to withdraw our troops immediately, regardless of .the consequences, as so many of their clerical critics have urged them to do? I think not.

PIVU REV. JAMES A. CLARK Assistant Director iatin American Bureau, NCW(

RespectfuDy Yours "Thank you for your Jet­ ter. We are saddened to have to inform you that currently we do not have a Papal Volunteer available for your needs. Due to the necessity of replacing returning Vol­ unteers avail­ able. Please be

assured that we shall continue searching 0 u i capable Volun­ teers and hope­

fully the day

will arrive when we can expand our program to include you r needs." Sitting in a damp yet wa~erless, and lonely rectory., the priest who receives this an­ swer to his plea for lay help must find his work a little hard­ er, a little more taxing. Our letters are sincerely signed with the phrase "regret­ fully yours," for we are always left with a heavy heart after the disagreeable duty of refusing all appeal. Actually we are only agents. For those who register as Papal Volunteers we act as an agent to train and assign them to the place that will benefit best by their talents. But too, for those who do not step forward with their services we' must act as agent to refuse those priests who appeal to us. The search for talent is pur­ sued eagerly by government, private industry, colleges, reli­ gious communities, the Peace Corps, and international assist­ ance movements. The President hunts' for capable people who are willing to work for govern­ ment salaries. Business and com­ mercial enterprises descend on the colleges each Spring to lure those with ability. The colleges themselves scour high schools for persons of exceptional abil­ ity, Vocations are sought among men and women who can con­ tribute of their very selves for , the good of God and the Church. Against such formidable com­ petition the Papal Volunteer program must offer an induce­ ment of extraordinary appeal. It focuses on those who have de­ , cided that they have no religioUs vocation and who are willing te postpone the pursuit of their careers for several years. These people, sensitive to the needs Or other lands imd, poSsessing a ,religious sensibility, are ideal candidates for PAVLA. . The message and rewards of , P A VLA work must be broughi to these potential candidates by people like yourself. Do yo. know a talented individual who . ought to consider the lay volun­ teer field! If you do give them one of our P AVLA leaflets and give them the opportunity of en­ riching their lives in the service of God and their fellow man in a foreign field. With your help we shall be able to answer appeals with joy rather than regret. We much prefer our response to sound like this. "We are happy to ten you that we have a Volunteer on the way. Thanks to the generous response of our Catholic people we are able' to fulfill your request."


7

Political~UnrestResponsible

THE ANCHORThurs.~ April 22, 1965

For Latin. Chu'rch Woes

Puerto Rico Acts Ago inst Bias At Colleges

From "TJle _Clilireh in the' New Latin America" Edited by John J. Considine, M.M.

The failure to establish concordats clarifying the ques­

tion of national patronage caused the Church numerous difficulties in Latin America. One of the most serious prob­ lems, notes Dr. Joseph Gagliano, was the threat of Caesar­ opapism in those nations where dictatorships emerged. be retained so as to maintain commercial relations Even in Brazil, however, favorable with English traders. during the turbulent period of Regency, Diego Feijo, a lib­ Conservative AIl1ance

SAN JUAN (NC)-otfi­ dals at Catholic and state universities on this island have taken firm steps to

eral priest who served as regent, proposed and lJUPported proj­ ects to national­ ize the Church, establish a mar­ : ried clergy, and ,make doctrines ~ aubject to Bra­ zilian modifi­ cation. Gabriel , Garcia Moreno, ,_ who m critics accu.,;ed of cre­ ,ating a theoc­ ,racy in Ecuador, often dictated to the hierarchy and attempted to UEP the Church as an instru­ ment' to 'perpetuate political con­ servatism. In Venezuela the hierarchy became the victim of the personalism of Antonio Guz­ man Blanco.

to wipe out discrimination against Negroes at the institu­ tion. Officials of the Catholic Uni­ versity of Puerto Rico in Ponce sent letters to student fraterni­ ties and honor societies demand­ ing assurance that no racial bias will be exerted against Negro students by the groups. After a former member of a student fraternity at the state­ operated University of Puerto Rico in Rio Piedras charged bias was being practiced against Negro students there, university and government officials took speedy action. j aim e Benitez, university chancellor, ordered a thorough investigation of the bias charge and issued a statement condemn­ ing racial discrimination of any kind. Condemn Disclriml'nation' Gov. Roberto Sanchez VileUa also issued a statement denounc­ ing racial discrimination. Mem­ bers of the legislature"'followed the governor's lead and edito­ rials in daily newspapers con­ demned racial discrimination. Officials at both the Catholic and state untversitielJ have made it clear that there will be auto­ matic suspension of recognition for fraternities and societies wbich practice racial discrimi­ nation. The Catholic University at Ponce also announced it will suspend allY fraternity or soci­ ety which refus-es to sign an as­ surance against discrimination. In addition to the charge made by the former fraternity mem­ ber at- the state university, there were sit-in type demonstrations at the institutions by students­ some in favor, some opposed to raefal segregation in one of the university"s buildings.

Regarding the liberals as a menace to the independence and economic security of the Church, the hierarchy, Dr. Gagliano ex­ plains, saw no alternative to formation of an alliance with the conservatives in the political battles of the 19th century. Sev­ eral examples can be used to illustrate this alliance. In Mexico when Valentin Gomez !'arias began an anti-clerical reform in 1833, the hierarchy supported a conservative rebellion which forced him into exile and re­ voked his legislation. The alli­ ance was maintained during the Reform Era of Benito Juarez so as to restore ecclesiastical courts and Church properties. The hier­ archy subsequently supported FIRST IN PROVINCETOWN: The first Cub' Scout 1lo Porfirio Diaz, who permitted a restoration of the Church in re­ earn the "Parvulum Dei" award in St. Peter's Parish, Nowhere was Caesaropapism turn for financial and political Provincetown, Michael Costa, son of Mr. and Mrs. Warren assistance. Although the Church · ~ fully realized in the post­ Costa, was honored at a special ceremony in St. Peter's independent period, however, as apparently enjoyed a significant Church. Participants in the ceremony were, left, to right: revival, the hierarchy became ,b1 Paraguay during the long regarded as an instrument of 'Rev. Francis Mahoney of Buzzards Bay, director for scout­ dictatorship of Jose Gaspar Rod­ riguez de Francia. Unlike other NDiazpotism." Opposition to the ing in the Cape Cod area; Michael Costa, the recipient; , J'evolutionary leaders de Francia religious and social policies of Rev. Thomas Mayhew, assistant at St. Peter's and troop _Dever welcomed the recogni~on Bernado O'Higgins contributed chaplain. of the papacy. He appointed one to an alliance between the Chil­ ean hierars:hy and the oligarchy ,of his own creatures as arch­ bishop of Asuncion. Among his of great landowners and mer­ chants. The hierarchy would be church reforms were the expul­ viewed as the partner of this Ilion of regular clergy who re­ oligarchy until relatively recent fused secularization, state con­ - times. When Bernadino Riva­ fiscation of church properties, davia attempted to diminish the and the closing of the sole the0­ influence of the Church in Bue­ CARTHAGENA (NC)-The His address featured ecumenl­ logical college in Paraguay so Aires. the clergy gave its 'head of the nation's largest Luth- c:al day at the Catholic seminary. as to prevent the future tralnlng nos support to the Federalists. The eran university believes the of priests. The demoralizing ef­ subsequent alliance with Juan :emergence of an era in which fects of his long r'ule were not Manuel Rosas served to identify appreciably checked until after the hierarchy as the submissive ,there is a "slow and gentle" convergence of religion with the tragic War of the Triple Al­ tool of the Rosas tyranny. He liance. Between 1881 and 1911, openly dictated to the Church ·sclellce. education and the arts ATLANTA (NC)-The Geor­ Is spelling the end of the 20th only sixty priests were gradu­ through Mariano Medrano, the -century's "dark age." gia Bulletin, newspaper of the ated from the revived seminary pliable Archbishop of Buenos · "Any 'age that forgets God and Atlanta archdiocese, has sup­ in Asuncion, the only lnstltution Aires. :has other idols is a dark age," ported the -call of U. S. Rep. ',for the tralnlng of the clergy. BAY ST. LOUIS (NC) -The Dr. Otto P. Kretzmann, president Charles L. Weltner of Georgia recent ordination of Father Ray­ · Almost a century after the Fran­ Need for Church Reform 'of Valparaiso (Ind.) University, for a Congressional study of the cia Era, there were less than 100 mond Joseph, S.V.D., raises to Ku Klux Klan. Preoccupied with political dls­ priests in Paraguay to serve a told an Ohio audience of Cath­ 60 the number of Negro priests Weltner, whose district is At­ putes, the hierarchy did not, and Catholic population of approx­ olic and Protestant seminarians ordained as members of the So­ lanta, was Iauffed by the Bulle­ perhaps could not, often ade­ Imately 1,000,000. at St. Charles Seminary, con-' ciety of the Divine Word since quately concern itself with the ducted by the Society of the tin, which added: "We should be the opening in 1920 of its semi­ Church Target of PoUtles rightly afraid of the Ku Klux nary in MiSsIssippi, the first in problem of Church reform. The Precious Blood here. "This is characteristically true Klan, for its resurgence in the the U. S. to train Negroes for the In addition to the threat of need for reform preceded the Independence period, but it be­ · of the last so many years," he past decades bodes 111, not only priesthood. As of last June, a Caesaropapism, the hierarchy for the South, but for the whole total of 146 Negro priests had came increasingly urgent follow­ continued. "Science won.' Theo­ was confronted with other at­ eountry." Ing the turbulent-and disruptive logy lost." been trained in the United tempts to altar the role of the "In some communities," added .States. Dr. Kretzmann said n~w prob­ Church in society. Opposing years of revolution. The question , of clerical reform was a political lems will arise and the new the paper''its members have been views on the position of the generation must be seasoned to 'implicated in the bloody oppres~ Church became,in fact, a basic" issue. In 1831, for example, Fran­ cjsco Vasquez. with papal ap­ ,meet them. He advocated that sion of our Negro fellow citizens. ,~urce of conflict between the proval, proposed, the reform of academic institutions of vari,ous 'It has publicly professed its anti­ -.' emerging conservative and lib­ religious houses in ,Mexico. His ,religious, denominations ex­ Semitism and its anti-eatholi­ eral political parties. Much of the eHorts were impeded, however, change academic personnel to clsm." 19th cent~ history of Colombia and Mexico was concerned with by a 'coalition of liberals and advance ecume~sm.He observed 'Can~dian the struggle over clericalism. radical priests whe demanded that the clearest 'sign of the The liberals viewed the Church abolition rather than the reform emergI~g era is the sharp awa,re- , NEW YORK (NC) - Editors of religious communities. , as a principal obstacle to nation­ ness of how civilization's prob­ of English-language Catholie

al progress and reform. With publications in Canada win meet

The need for clerical reform lems have changed." ,their tendency' to oversimplify was recognized during the post­ here in 'conjunction with the , ,deeply rooted socio-economic independence period. Garcia, Seventh World Congress of the

probl~ms, they contended that Moreno, notes Dr. Gagliano, de­ Catholic Press, sponsored by the

,all evils would disappear if voted much of his political car­ International Union of the Cath­ Church and State were sepa­ eer to personal direction of the VIENNA (NC)- Yugoslavia's olic Press and the Catholic Press ,rated, the extensive properties reform of the clergy in Ecuador. communist authorities have Association May 18-22. of the Church secuIarlzed, and independence period. ' jailed. a Catholic editor for three its control of education ended. Corruption is ·cited as a con­ days for trying to increase his The conservatives regarded the tributing factor in the failure to ,publication's circulation without develop native vocations in many government permission. Church as an essential institu­ tion for the maintenance of con­ Latin American nations. The Imprisoned, according to the tinuity and stability in the social shortage was substantial even in report, was Toto Premrovi, edi­ · order. They often supported al­ the stronger nations such as tor of the fortnightly Druzina. teration of the Church's exclu­ Mexico and Argentina. Various (Family) of Nova Gorica. IIive position, however, so as to nations long before our day in­ Premrovi had upped Druzina's stimulate immigration or econ­ vited European religious to es­ press run from 65,000 to 100,000 omic expansion. Diego Portal~ tablish schools and charitable at the suggestion of Bishop .1osip for example, while upholding institutions, in their countries. Pogacnik, apostolic administra­ 653 Washington Street, the 1833 constitution which pro­ The influx of foreign clergy, tor of the Ljubljana archdiocese. claimed CathoUcism as the reU­ however, never was adequate to ,The Red authorities have made WYman 4-5058 lion of ChIle, Insisted that earlier offset the absence of native vo- the publication reduce ita sUe concessions sr.ua1ed to ADaUcana , cationa ill Latin America.' from 16 to eight pai"

Dark Age Ending

Head of Nation's Largest Lutheran College _ Sees Era With Theology in Rightful Place

Georgia Newspaper Favors KKK Study

60 Negro Priests

Day'

famous for

Yugoslavia Punishes Catholic N-ewspaper

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8

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of foR RJver-?hun. Al"'" 22,

m5

Wercome Future. Prelate Urges

'Easy Way' to Iron, Keep Clean Desk Seems to Elude Columnist

ATHENS (NC) - ArchbishCllJ. Paul .:r.. Hallinan of Atlanta urged 8 National Council of Catholie Women leadership m­ stitute here in Georgia not ... forget the past or resist the future. Representatives of 12 dioceses attended the institute, the fiNt in. a series sponsored by the NCCW on liturgy, ecumeniSDl and the war on poverty. "If a man ignores the p~ Archbishop Hallinan said, ''he _ going to blunder into the future. On the other hand, "a man COD­ tent only to live in the past III not worthy of the future." The archbishop said, "If , . look only to the past, we are .. the unfortunate position of Lot'. wife. She looked back too mucJi and thought of nostalgic memo­ ries that were there. She had • resist.ance to change and she w-. . punished for this." He said the Blessed Mothew' "didn't know what was ahead 01 her, but she had faith. As she looked to the future, she knew: it would be mixed with joy and sorrow, but she faced it wiib faith and with vision."

By Mary Tinley Daly The lethargy of Spring fever is still another reason for the popularity of an easy-does-it approach to tasks, an ap­ proach that gets a nudge from ads in magazines commer­ cials on TV. Here's a lovely, with a fresh hair~ vacuum­ ing her living room as she ' sits and watches TV. "Long with paper clip markel'll or rub­ eord" is the secret, she tells ber bands on pivotal pages, a 118 via TV, plus the perfeet notebook scratched with various balanee of her machiJ)e. It looks 110 easy that way. .1ust try ilL Thel'~ there are the i ron i n g boards that let

you sit while ironing "Making it a pleasure." Pel'llonally, we h a v e n eve r found anything eve n slightly

res e m b lin g pie a sur e ill ironing. We wouldn't dare to speak for your house, but at ours everything else may be ship-shape but there Is always a backlog of ironing. It may not be this week's wash, nor last week's, but inevitably there are the fancy dinner napkins awaiting the touch of a little hand before the next dinDel' party. PlelUl1lJ'e of Jronbll' Ever agog for the easy

W8Jl,

we bought one of those collapsJble type ironing boards--any. thing to make ironing "a pleasDYe." We set it tc the "sit" posi­ Uon, had everything dampened --even the dinner napkins-turned on the radio and got ready for a really, or reasonably really, pleasurable afternoon. Have you tried to iron linen napkins from a sitting position? Neither had we. The first three eame out wrinkled, just plain Iloppy. Came a readjustment: ironing board readjusted and growing lIP to stature of its predecessol'll at our house. You can zip over sporta shirts, dresses, handker­ ehiefa while you sit at a shorty ironing board-but for making linen dinner napkins come out all they should, it takes the human toucb, the good old bear-down­ but-hard. At the end of the afternoo~ we were no TV love­ ly, but the napkins were perfec­ tion. Do we always have to do ev­ erything the old-fashioned, hard way, we wondered? Domestically, it seems so. Desk Work But for desk work? Oh, for the old-time rolltop desks! All your real work, your "think" work, was set out before you. There were pigeonholes and shelves to hold notes, all the things you needed. It was an untidy mess, of e<'urse, to an outsider, but 3'Ou, and only you, knew where everything was. It was tidy, fol­ lowing your own train of thought. At the end of~e d~, ~ eould roll down that rolltop, sacrosanct from cleaning per­ 10M, from prying eyes, ready to take up the work in the morning. Nowadays, tht' "clean desk­ lleemingly is a status symbol. A desk eompletely devoid of ~ effort toward work. Our efforts at the "clean detJk­ lleem just all fruitless as our ef­ forts at a sit-down ironing board. Start in on a pieee of writing. one that takes any sort of re­ searrh, that is, and before we .know it, there are books opened

and sundry ideas and phrases, exeerpts from a speech perti­ nent to the subject, newspaper clippings (alway" among them a new recipe we'D try "some­ time"). Sort and re-sort papers, make a few more scratched notes. Now we're ready to start typing the first draft. It goes along swimmingly until, on page three, we find the real "lead." Zip out the first two pages, start another first draft _ and it's time to clean up. Wouldn't you know it? Every­ body trooping in for dinner. This is where our "clean desk policy" makes a compromise. Sans the old roll top, we simply keep all papers on the desk in place, put over it an ancient but presentable woven bedspread, plunlr· on top a vase 01. potted ivy, with trailing tendrils. -An inte resting eorner," :re­ marks a guest. ''These are the unusual touches which my dee­ orator recommends. Yours, too?" "Well, yes," we answer. "In • way."In a burst of confidence, we give the guest a peek at the innardll under the woven bed­ d d spre8 an reveal in poetic form what the Head of the House wrotp. on this same subject: "To keep my desk quite neat and elean, No item out of plaee is seen; Nor dust in eornel'll lurking. It's tidied up 'most every day Tw 0 times, at least. That is the I way keep myself from workiJ18,­

Pope Sends Rosaries To Leper Children MADRID (NC)-The efforts a popular eandy seller have brought three little ehildren at the leper sanatorium in Trillo each a rosary from Pope Paul VL Luis Ortega, 40, a vendor of ear:JlTIels and other sweets here in Spai~ spend!! all his "free" time visiting sick children and amusing the ehildren of his dis­ trict for whom he has organized a club. Recently he traveled 125 miles to the leprosarium in the prov­ ince of Guadalajara to visit three sick children and spent the whole day playing with them. The following day he wrote to the Vatican asking for the apos­ tolic blessing for the little pa­ tients. Almost by return mall he received a reply enclosing the blessing and the rosaries. of

Deaths Show Need For Fair Bus Bill DES MOINES (NC)-A fatal­ it)r and 12 injuries among per­

traveling to private schools 1ft the put 10 weeks show the need for an Iowa "fair school bus law," it haa been argued here. Iowa's Citizens for Educational Freedom, leading the fight for tax-paid bus rides for all school children, released the statistics. Jim Collison, CEF executive director, said Mrs. Raymond Weber of Danbury was killed March 11 in a car-truck collision First in East Africa While driving her two children NORTH GUILFORD (NC)­ and three of her neighbor's Cloistered Dominican nuns of children to a Catholie schooL Our Lady of Grace convent here Two 01. the Weber children are in Connecticut will soon estab­ hospitalized, Collison said. Eight .lish the first monastery of per­ private school pupils were iIr petual adoration in East Afrk:a. .. jured . . J811.. G, he COAtinuedo lIOnS

Nuns Among Winner. In Teachers' Contest "PEACE BE WITH YOU": Pope Paul is seen as he delivered his Easter message from the porch of St. Peter's Basilica after celebrating Mass facing an estimated 100,000 people in the square. NC Photo.

Elimination Contest Choose Four Nuns to Establish Mission Post After 24 Volunteer -un-missionary-like" bursts of CLINTON (NC)-In an elim­ laughter. Ination contest filled with sus­ The four nuns chosen-Sistel'll pense until the last moment, four Sistel'll of st. Franeis here Mary Constance, Mary Gertrude, Mary Kevin and Mary John in Iowa were chosen to establish their community's first Latin Francis--will carry with them to American mission in Chulucanas, Peru in June a check for $300 raised by their students who Peru. share the enthusiasm created by Twenty-four of the 125 Si1J­ tel'll who live at the motherhouse the sisterhood's new Latin American mission They win at Mount St. Clare College vol­ take along assurance of prayer. unteered for the Peru assign­ ment. A series of elimination by their fellow nuns. tests produced eight finalists, but only after extensive exam­ ination. Prelate Supports The moment of truth eame Civil Rights Bills when the eight nuns waited back stage as Mother General Mary BALTIMORE (NC) - Law­ Leona did the "M.C." chore. The renee Cardinal Shehan of Balti­ solemnity of the selection eere-. more has endorsed bills in the monies was shattered by ap­ Maryland legislature w h i c h plause, joyful tears and even would bar discrimination be­ eause of race, religion or na­ tional origin in employment, Peoria Holds Family pub lie accommodations and housing. Planning Clinics Cardinal Shehan said recent PEORIA (NC)-Monthly fam­ "tragic events" are "ample evi­ ily planning clinics are being dence of the grief which can held in several parts of the Pe­ visit a people which permits oria diocese under sponsol'llhip unequal treatment to be accord­ of the diocesan Marriage and ed to any of its citizens." Family Apostolate office. "While it is quite true that The clinics, staffed by doctors the heart of the race question is and priests available to answer moral, nevertheless the under­ moral questions,· provide- in­ girding of ,legislation can con­ struction in the rhythm method tribute much to a keener appre­ 01. family planning. dation of our obligation," be Father .1ohn .1. Dietzen, di­ said in a letter to Sen. Frederick rector of the dioeesan Marriage Malkus, _ .1r~ ehairman of the and Family Apostolate, noted 8 e nat e .1udicial Proeeedln88 that the rhythm method can be Committee. of use to ehildless couples who wish to have ehildren _ wen as to couples who wish to space the births of future children.

Field Seminar WASHINGTON (NC)· A field seminar on American tra­ ditions with emphasis on the pre-Revolutionary War period will be conducted by the Cath­ olic University of America June 1() to 21 and will include visits to .1ameetow~ Williamsburg, Yorktown and.. Alexandria ill ;Virainla -aDd ADnapo!iat Md.

ST. PAUL (NC)-Two nUM, Sister Mary Malachy, of Pre­ sentation of the B.V.M. School here in Minnesota, and Sistel" Martin Marie, of St. Thomas Aquinas College, Sparkill, N.Y.. were among the six grand prize winners in a nation-wide Cre­ ative Teaching Competition. Additionally, Sister Mary Pat­ riek, of Holy Family College, Manitowoc, Wis., was among the 12 second place winners. Tht' competition was designed to recognize accomplishments or teachers who have made their classt's more interesting by the use of visual aids. More thaD 2,000 teachers aubIriitted entriea.

Milwaukee Nun Joins Newman Center Staff MILWAUKEE (NC) The first Sister to work full time in the Milwaukee Newman apoe­ tolate will join the center at the University of Wisconsin heN Sept 15. Father Raymond Kriege, eeD­ ter chaplain, said Sister Mal'7 Judine will help in counseling, programing, liturgical prepar­ ations, lecturing and discussion organization. Starting June 20 the Salva­ torian nun will attend a New­ man chaplain's school at the University of Colorodo. The two­ week course is held annually to pr~pare priests and nuns who are entering Newman work.

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ES,sential,t9 ,G~,rdening' Success Understand Tree Roots

THE ANCHOR-

Thurs;, April-22, 1965

To

hanging colanders and spatulas from the ceiling frightened me a bit. However, I did manage a cent£'rpiece that everyone seem­ ed to enjoy by resurrecting the gilded tree branch and plant pot from our Easter egg tree and dec.orating it with tiny rosebud corsages which each guest took home as a favor. A list of gift items might in­ clude a variety of herbs and spices, for nothing is more frus­ trating to a new bride than skip­ ping from recipe to reeipe in a cookbook because she does not have the ingredients. Speaking of cookbooks, these are also in­ dispensable gift items, because I insist that if you can read you can cook. Showers are a lot of work, but also a lot of fun. And if they are planned well in advance, with thought given to the food to be . served, the gifts to be' given, and the guests to be invited they are' a rewarding experience. The following is an effortless but dainty and tasty dessert ~or a shower or tea which will .please the ladies. Chocolate Meringues These are dainty cookies dotted with chocolate. 2 egg whItes teaspoon salt % teaspoon cream of tartar 1 teaspoon vanilla cup sugar 1 8 ounce package (1cup) semi-sweet chocolate bits ¥4 cup chopped walnuts 1) Beat egg whites. salt, cream .of tartar and vanilla until .soft peaks form. S) Add sugar .very gradually, beating well after each ad- . ditionuntil stiff peaks are , formed. , 3) Fold in chocolate bits and nuts. , '") Cover. a cookie sheet with plain paper (brown wrap­ ping paper or even a cut up paper bag does nicely. Drop mixture onto paper by . rounded teaspoonfuls. 5) Bake in a slow oven (300-) about 25 minutes. Cool by turning off oven heat and leaving cookie sheet in oven with door open for about 15 minutes. Remove from oven and cool a little longer be­ fore removing from paper. Makes about 2 dozen.

*

-<1\

Says One in Six Lives in Poverty

By Joseph and Marilyn Roderick Someone once told me that the part of a plant show­ Ing above ground was duplieated exactly by the roots grow­ Ing beneath the ground. I remember that I was astonished by this piece of information. It was one thing to be able to dig a hole so deep that )'Ou came out in China, but carried out the kitchen motif in the decorations, as I am not as it was another thing to have clever as some of the party to dig through all those roots books require and the thought of

to get there! My informer may have· been Incorrect, but there is no qu~­ tlon that t1K! root systems of , ~me plants, especially trees, are quite extensive. Keeping this in mind, one should be very eareful .about planting trees. 'A rule of thmnb for determining the extent of root growth· be,., , aeath .the ground is to consider that roots wiJl normally extend. at least a foot beyond the leaf ~read of the tree. So if you are planning to plant an appletree for 'lhade and fruit you should remember you will most likely aot be able to grow flowers or Yegetables within a radius of about 20 feet from the base of the tree. Roses, for instance, eann('lt compete with large ,tree IOOt~ and even if they do sur­ .tve they will be misshapen and lender. . When feeding a tree, it is nee- , essary to realize that the .bulk of its intake comes from the out:. er pf'riphery of the root system. The older, thickez roots near the ' , trunk serve mainly to anchor the tree. while feeding is done:' through the small roots reaching' eut beyond the area of leaf «roW+h. So If you have an apple ' tree which needs feeding,spread the fertilizer in a ring about. a foot beyond the edge of the leaves TbJB also holds true for .atering. Small trees should be handled III much the same way as large trees. but they present a diHer­ ent root problem. Beeause of their small size, the root spread II1llY not be sufficient to act as an, ' anchor and therefore they may be susceptible to wind damage. This is especially true for tan ' ~inrlly trees. These should. be artifi<'ially anchored by using • ..oodpn support of some sort.' One last word about roots. Anyone who has tried to get rid,' ef a tree realizes the extent· to which roots may travel in order to get sufficient food and water. III order to cut down on root ~read, it is mandatory to feed and water trees. With ample food and water available, roots are more lilrely to be contained ~thiD a reasonable, area.

9

MILWAUKEE (NC)-A Uni­ versity of Wisconsin sociologist believes that public policy toward the poor in this country has led to an "almost deliberate breaking down of family life." . "We have donp. them injustice • • • in the name of economy," declared Charles T. O'Reilly. "The only thing we've managed to do is make them perpetually dependent." ' Among his suggestions for dealing with the problems of. poor families were a system' of family allowances;' public hous- . ing more Widely dispe~sed throughout the community; tu­ toring and home viSits; self-help projects and programs designed. to increase political awareness among the poor. O'Reilly said that currently 34 million Americans--one in eVerT six-live in poverty.

Lutheran Cleric Backs School Aid Program FOLLOWING CHRIST'S EXAMPLE: Pope Paul VI kisses the foot of a disabled young man in Holy Thursday ceremonies in the Basilica of at. J.ohn Lateran, the Pope's' own Cathedral. The Pontiff wash.Jd, dried and kissed the feet of 12 disabled youths at the Mass, imitating the action of Christ -at· the Last Supper. NC ~hoto.

Father Connell ofCU Holds

Space Creatures Possible

TEANECK (NC)-A Lutheraa clergyman speaking in a Meth­ odist church here in New Jersey supported the aid to nonpublic . schools feature 'in PresIdent Johnson's school aid program.' Th~ Rev., H. Conrad Hoye~,' assoetate executive director in the division of Christian unitY National Council of Ch~. said: "A Catholic child has aa. much right to be as well edu­ cated as a Lutheran child Of anybody else." He said the bill's shared facfl­ ities type aid to nonpublic school students does not subsidize pa_ rochial scshools but benefitl all children.

WASHINGTON (NC)-Cath­ beings who, like the fallell ~ olic theology does not deny the gels, sinned again God and were possibility of rational beings never given another chance to living on a distant planet in be re-instated in God's grace." space. These beings, he said, could be This point has been stressed in '"creatures with keen intellects, reeent years as investigation of but with wills strongly inclined ,Conn. Nuns Serving space expanded. It ip'Ose agai~ in to eviL" In Peru Mission the wake of Soviet scientist's There are at least two other BRIDGEPORT (NC) claim that he had intercepted major ,possibilities,Father Con­ from an unknown distance in, nell mused. Space beings could Sisters' of the Holy Family, of' Nazareth have taken up mission ' space,radio emissions which ap­ have lost by sin a God-given su­ work in Santa Cruz, Peru-th~ pe~ to have pattern of regu­ " pematural destiny and extraor­ first nuns to set foot there. larity. dinary preternatural gifts. Speculation that other crea­ If such might be the case, it is Father John V. Horgan of ture exist in the universe was ,possible that God could have' Bridgeport, who now is superior revived by a Moscow report at­ arranged for their Redemption." of the diocese's mission in Santa tributed to Gennady Sholomit­ "It could be, that the Second Cruz, reports "The Sisters' arri­ sky, a radio astronomer, which Person of the Blessed Trinity val was a major event in Santa was later denied by Soviet sci- assumed the nature of rational Cruz. The first priest signed the entists. The possibility that "ra-beingS of another world, as well baptismal register here in No­ tional beings" were responsible as human nature on earth. Or, vember of 1620. So Santa Cruz for the signals' was greeted ear- one of the other Divine Persons has been waiting for the Sistel'll lier with great skepticism, but could have become incarnate on 350 years. not outright rejection, by West- another planet," he said. Three other Bridgeport dioc­ ern scientists. They said a natA final major possibility men­ esan priests staff the mission ural explanation for the radio tioned by Father Connell is that with Father Horgan. The Sisters In the Kitchen signals -can be made. these beings could have been are also from the Bridgeport April showeI'l1 bring May . Father Francis J. Connell, created "in a purely natural d i ~ !lowers but June weddings bring C.SS.R., noted Redemptorist the- state, without any supernatural bridal showers. There are an ologian who is former dean of or pretenatural gifts and with types of showers that provide the school of sacred theology at merely a natural, but eternal DRY CLEANNG bounty for the bride-to-be;. the Catholic University of Amer- destiny." poeeD back, personal, miscella­ and Abbey Has State's iea here commented on the pasIn other words, he explained, neous , etc., but one of the most FUR STORAGE sibility of space creatures. they could have been destined First Central Altar 1ISeful that I have encountered is "Theologians have never dared· after death to a purely natural the kitchen shower. There is an BELMONT (NC)-The smaUest to limit the omnipotence of God, happiness for all eternity, but endless number of items which See in the nation now has North to the creation of the world we without the possibility of seeing are a necessary part of a newly­ Carolina's first permanent cen-' know," he said. ,God. "Their condition would ..ed'", kitchen, most of which put tral altar in keeping with the He added that "neither revela- have been similar to that now 34-44 Cohannet Street qUite a dent in a young couple's Church's liturgical changes. ' . tion, the 'eonlmon teaching of the .' given infants who die without Taunton ..... VA ,2-6161 budget. These range, from the When the Cathedral of M8ri Fathers, Tradition, nor the sol- 'Baptism,"he said. modestly priced but essential Help of Christians here was ren­ emnpronouncement of the popea pdgf'ts to the most expensive ovated the old wooden altar W8I rule out the possibility, of life, eo~per pans. Many items which ,dismantled and replaced. by . a . perhaps similar to ours, on an­ experienced housewives' con­ gray and white marble alt8r other planet." , . side) essential are easily over­ 'erected in the center - Of the If God has created other ra­

IookE'd by the novice home­ church. ' tional beingS,. he said, theolO:­

lIl$el. gians can imagine a variety of

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Famous Reading HARD COAL talkmg over the needs of the , annual . Corporate Communion gifts given to Adam and Eve­

NEW ENGLAND COKE rotir.g couple with their families, for Sunday, May 2, at Sacred and never lost them. Thus, they I decided to make it a miscel­ Heart Church. Breakfast will be 'might still be living in a "para­ laIieous shower with kitchen 'served in the school hall follow­ ,dise of pleasure," he said. overtones. With each invitation, ing 9 o'clock Mass. Also planned . "They then might be intellee­ I requested that the guest bring for May is a rummage sale, to 'tually and physically far supe­ • Copy of her favorite recipe be held Tuesday and Wednesd87. •rlor to us," he commented. . " _d T supplied a recipe file. I the 11th and 12th, at ~ East Another possibility, he con­ New Bedford Tel. WY 6-8271 640 Pleasant Street won't go so far as to At &bat'i' , JrIaiD.. Sk.ee*. 'baed, "ia • world of rational

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THE ANCHOR - . Thurs., April 22, 1965

Anglican Prelate Predicts Unity

Kansas Catholics Score New Birth Control Pia n TOPEKA (NC) - Groups representing the four Catho­ lic Dioceses in Kansas have protested pending legislation to set up state birth control cen­ ters and have called instead for thorough study of the issue. In a joint statement they said giving contraceptives to unmar­ ried persons would lead to "state-financed promiscuity and nresponsibility."

Editorial Opposition Urging the committee to rec­ ommend a comprehensive study of the birth control issue, the statement pledged "full and wholehearted cooperation'" by Catholics in seeking "a morally acceptable solution to the prob­ lem." . The Catholic groups s aid neither side in the controversy should "impose its views on the other." Similar appeals for a "study of need" rather than enactment of the birth control bill have been made editorially by the Catholic newspapers of the four Sees­ ~al,lsas City, Wichita, Dodge City, and Salina. .The organizations' statement suggested that birth control pro­ grams are not a state responsi-. bility and should be adminis­ tered by private groups. Freedom of Conscience It cautioned that a state pro­ vamof birth control assistance 10 the poor might cross the line of counseling and come to in­ volve coercion. It also said any state birth eont1'ol program administered by· welfare agencies should per­ mit welfare workers who have conscientious objections to be· excused. from participation with­ eut losing their jobs. "Freedom of conscience must be safeguardeC'. under all cir­ eumstances," the statement said.

Marian Institute Inducts 30

,

INDIAN HISTORICAL PROPERTY: Bishop Floyd L. Begin of the Oakland Diocese has turned over the Ohlone Indian Burial Ground in California to the American Indian Historical Society. Records dating back to 1797 indicate more than 4,000 Ohlone tribes­ men have been intei'ed at Mission San Jose near Oakland. The Bishop (above) participates at the transfer.

Proper of Mass for Low Sunday INTRorT: 1 Pet. 2:2 Crave, as newborn babes, alleluia, pure spiritual milk, alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. Ps. Re· joice to God our helper: sing aloud to the God of Jacob. Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit. Crave, as newborn babes, alleluia, pure spiritual milk, alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. ALLELUIA, ALLELUIA. MATT. 28:7 Il'l the day of My resurrection, said the lord, I wil go before you into Galilee. Alleluia. V. After ei,ght days, Jesus came, the doors being closed, and stood in the midst of His disciples and said: Peace be to you. Alleluia.

HOUSTON (NC) - Thirty members of the Marian Institute of Religious (MIRA)-a secular institute approved for work in Continued from Page One . the Galveston-Houston. diocese . by Coadjutor Bi~hop John L. minimize devotiori to Mary and Morkovsky-were inducted in a the saints," and said that to eeremony here. counter such voices 1965 in his The 30 charter members of diocese was to be dedicated to MIRA made "induction prom­ the Blessed Virgin as "Mother of ises" after a Ma:;s in St. Mary's the Church." church offered by Father Dexter Similarly, Bishop Marion F. L. George, pastor and spiritual Forst of Dodge City, Kan., said director of the institute. "an attempt has been made to MIRA members will conduct a . downgrade our Blessed Mother" Catholic information center and and that "most of the trouble has employment bureau in this centered upon the attempt of Texas city. They are also pre­ a few to use terms that are ex­ paring for leadership and for travagant, that would make it other apostolic activities. seem that a person believes that Membership in the institute is Mary was herself divine." open to lay persons, single or "Who are we, sinners all, to married, who desire to work belittle the honor and the glory full time in the apostolate either that belongs to Our Blessed permanently or for a limited Lady," he asked. period. The members are of two Joseph Cardinal Ritter of. St. types-associate, who make non­ binding promise'> to engage in the institute's work, and pro­ Monasticism Keeps fessed. who pronounce "con­ Pace With History tracts," either t.emporary or per­ manent, to do so. LOS· ANGELES (NC)-Mo­ nasticism is being updated to keep up with the sweep o~ his­ Spring Concert tory, the abbot of an interna­ tional Benedictine community· The Allegro Glee Club, di­ said here. rected by Dr. Normand O. Pa­ Dom Theodore Ghesquiere, quin, assisted by Conrad Fortier, O.S.B., abbot of St. Andrew's will present 'a Spring Concert for the benefit of St. Michael's Benedictine e 0 m m u nit y in Parish, Fall River, at 7:30 Sun­ Bruges, Belgium, said the Ben­ edictines have taken steps to day night in the school audito­ strengthen themselves in Africa rium. Chairman i.:. Mrs. Dolores and Latin America. Domingos.

OFFERTORY: MATT. 28:2, 5, B.

An Angel of the lord came down from Heaven and said to the women: He Whom you seek has risen even as He said, alleluia. COMMUNION: JOHN 20:27

Bring here thy hand, and put it into My side; alleluia; and be not unbelieving, but be­ lieving. alleluia, alleluia.

Y. The lord be with you. R Andwi.th your spirit

Vatican Council II Enhances Marian Devotion Louis asked about inclusion of the council's treatment of Mary in the Constitution on the Church, called this "highly ap­ propriate." "It would seem well-conceived to restate the venerated position of the Virgin Mother of God, while affording new insight into' her position as the first of the redeemed and the type of the member of the Church," he said. Archbishop Krol spoke of "the fact that devotion to Mary cannot be separated from that we pay to her Divine Son; that devotion to Mary would lose its reason for existence were it to be disassociated from devo­ tion to Christ, and that our ex­ pression of homage to Mary in no way makes her equal to Christ." Proper Devotion Bishop Charles H. Helmsing of Kansas City-St. Joseph, Mo., when asked about exaggerations in devotion to Mary, replied that "I believe that most of our Catholic people have had a true

Field Agent CHICAGO (NC) - John It. Keenan of St. Paul, chemistry professor at the Catholic Univer­ sity in Valparaiso, Chile, since 1963, has been named field rep­ resentative in Chile by the Papal Volunteers for Latin America.

and proper devotion to Mary." "They understand that she is .for them a model of virtue. They understand her role as one to be invoked as their advocate. They understand her all power­ ful intercession with God. The stress on the place of Mary in salvation's history and the use of Scripture in describing her role in the Church should elim­ inate any so-called exaggera­ tions or problems that we must sometimes meet," he said. Asked the effect the council's teaching on Mary may have on other Christians, Bishop Nicho­ las T. Elko of the Pittsburgh Byzantine rite diocese saw it having "little effect" on Protes­ tants because "their objections are against the practice rather than the well-explained doc­ trine." .

~

Urges Vatican Condemn Racism MEMPHIS (NC) - A bishop <elllled here in Tennessee for a Vatican declaration condemning racism in a sermon during a Mass that closed a conference 0'Il "Religion and Race in the South:· Catholic Perspectives. "Such a document," said Ce-o ajutor Bishop Joseph A. Durick of Nashville, "would be a trum. pet call. to all pastors of all de-· nominationll comparable to the call by Vatican Council II and Pope John XXIII for ecumenisJlIl among all denominations." Bishop Durick, preaching to .. congregation of 500 in St. Pat·' rick's church, said the events of the civil rights struggle in the U. S. today "will be recorded all the greatest and most significant in the current history of, the United States." "The Negro revolt is nol against the communists - it ic' against the Christians of the South who have the best record for church and Sunday school' athmdance of any people ift people in America," he said. "Jt j!> time we quit working for our Negro brothers; instead we must work with them." ..o-.o_IlI_'_S_ft-.ft_ ~c...O

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MELBOURNE (NC) - Angli-­ car. Archbishop Michael Ramsey of Canterbury said in a radi.o broadcast here that he is con. vinced that Christian unity will be achieved. . "I'm a long-term opthnist conoa vi need that Christian unity • the will of God, that it will come and that we must cooperate wit~ the process to the· uttermost.... he said. . "As for the Chureh of Romtl the first step is the need for • great change in spirit so th~ Roman Catholics and othe1' Christians find themselves not l"iva]s, but allies In Christenoo dom." t Archbishop Ramsey added: "As to the achievement of the Vatican council I think that the personality and idealism of Pope John made an immense appeal to the common man, enlisting the sympathies of the common mall hi the cause of Christian unity. "Furthermore, I think that the Vatican council has served Christian unity not by altering the doctrines of the Roman Church-it would be unrealistiC to expect that-but by shifting the proportions to enable Roman Catholics to have a greater rel­ ative emphasis upon the doe­ trines which they share with all other Christians."

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THE ANCHOR -

Educafor Avers

Church Freedom Myth in Cuba

AClU

Calls Dialogue Top Education Element BOCA RATON (NC)-A Do­ minican priest-editor put it this way-true education 'consists of a dialogue "between God and the student attended by the teacher \....ho acts as a minister of the sac­ ramental process of learning." Speaking to members of the Diocese of Miami Catholic Teachers Guild here in Florida, Father Thomas Gilby, O.P., gen­ eral editor of a new 60-volume Latin-English issue of the Sum­ ma of St. Thomas Aquinas, re­ flected upon dialogue as the only method "truly proper to the learning process." Specifically rejecting what he termed the "eductive" theories oi Plato and the "injection" con­ cepts of Averroes, Father Gilby, superior of Dominican Fathers at Blackfriars, Cambridge Uni­ versity, England, discussed the dignity and methodology of waching.

Fordham Grant ALBANY (NC) - Fordham University has received a $25,000 grant from the New York State Science and Technology Foun­ dation to enable the university to bring a distinguished visiting professor of chemistry to ihe eampus for one semester.

Ath~cks

Shared Time

SAN DIEGO (NC) - The former rector of a Cuban Catholic university said here in California that religious freedom is a myth in Cuba today. . "Religious instruction publicly is forbidden," said Father John J. Kelly, O.S.A. "Catholic churches serve as warehouses and militia barracks. Priests live under the constant threat of prison or expulsion, and servi«:es ;;Ire permitted under most lim­ ited conditions." Father Kelly was rector of th,e. University of Villanueva in Hav­ .ana from the time it was founded in 1946 by American Augustin­ ians as Cuba's first private university. The university was taken over by the government of Fidel Castro in May, 1961. Thl' priest said in an inter­ view that the Church in Cuba has been "muzzled" by repres­ sive laws and forced deportati()fi of about 80 per cent of the clergy and almost all nuns and Broth­ ers. At present, he said, Cuba has 220 priests to serve seven million nominal Catholics scattered o'!er an area larger than Pennsyl­ vania. They are "permitted. _. function inside their churches,· he added, "only as long as noth­ ing is said or done contrary _ the oppression of human rights by Castro's Red regime." . Prime Target Reviewing the progressive 0p­ pression of the Church in Cuba, Father Kelly said Villanueva Universary, as a center of Cath­ olic intellectual life, was a prime target from the beginning. He said the 1961 seizure of the universary culminated a "war of attrition" that extended over more than two years. He noted that the government even took over the university chapel, which is now being used as a storehouse. . When other measures against the Church failed, Father Kelly continued, the Castro regime ill 1961 resorted to the forced de­ portation of foreign priests. "Castro's ~ommunjsts are sub-: tie and shy," he commented. "They want no heroes and no. martyrs among Ule clergy CII." Religious."

11

Thurs., April 22, 1965

NEW YORK (NC) - The American Civil Liberties Union has declared its opposition to "shared time" education plans, including the one embodied in the administration's $1.3 billio-n school aid program. The ACLU made its stand known on the eve of Senate de­ bate on the school aid legislation. It sent copies of its policy state­ ment to every senator. . The organization also called for inclusion of a judicial review provision in the education bill." Such a provision would enable a tax-payer or group to go to court to test the constitutionalit;r. of the program. . The Civil Liberties Union a.... tack!"d shared time plans, undC'll' which student;:; take some courses in public schools and some in nonpuhlic schools, oa1i" ~huTch-state grounds.

SPRINGTIME: Sister Mary Ann of Trinity College, Washington, shows how to hit a baseball at a picnic· given" by students of Trinity and Georgetown University for under­ privileged children from Christ Child Settlement House. NC Photo.

Six Christian Churches Regard Episcopacy Essential for Success of Projected Union LEXINGTON (NC)-Delegates from six Christian churches whose tradition!' range from Episcopal to Congregational end­ ed a four-day meeting here in Kentucky by agreeing that a projected church union be based on . the office of bishop as the symbol of the "continuity of ministry upon which churchly authority must rest." The Interdenominational Con­ sultation on Church Union-in what it called its "most signifi­ cant action" to date-established a "special commission represent­ ing, each of its six member churches and directed it to" sub­ mit a specific plan as thE!" basis for a "truly catholic, truly re­ formed and iruly ev~mgelical" united church. The plan is to be submitted at the next meeting of the group in May, 1966, in Da~las. Tilt> churches involved in the consultation total 21.5 million members. They are the Method­ ist Church, Protestant Episcopal Church, U nit e d Presbyterian Church, United Church of Christ, Disciples of Christ (Christian), and Evangelical United Brethren Church.

Sends Relief Goods To Quake Victims NEW YORK (NC)-Catholic

Relief Services - National Cath­ oHc Welfare Conference dis­ patched a $5,000 shipment of blankets from here to the Chile earthquake area. A spokesman for the world­ wide relief agency maintained by U. S. Catholics said the blankets were the only items requested from supplies in this country. The agency said it had a stockpile of clothing, bedding, medicines and other materials at its headquarters in Santiago,

Chile, which was sent immedi­ ately to the area. The quake occurred about 50 miles from Santiago. Bishop Edward E. Swanstrom, CRS-NCWC executive director, was in Panama City, Panama, at a conference with the agency's Latin American officials regard­ ing the Latin American pro­ grams. The bishop contacted the agency .headquarters here and said CRS-NCWC is working the Chilean Caritas organization, the army and police in a program of aid to the Quake victims.

In a formal statement at the close of their meeting, the group said that an essential element of any projected united church "is a united ministry capable of bearing undoubted and unques­ tionable authority everywhere." The statement said there had been a "consensus" on the two reports submitted to the body. One of these declared that the historic episcopate "commends itself as symbolizing that con­ tinuity of ministry upon which churchly authority must rest." But i~ added: "Our commission is not now willing to regard the historic:

Collegians Debate Bill to Bar Reds CONCORD (NC) - Faculty members and students at St. Anselm College in Manchester participated in lively debate be­ fore the New Hampshire legis­ lature on a bill to bar "commu­ nist action" groups 01' speakers from the University of New Hampshire campus. Father Placidus Riley, O.S.B., college president, emphasized he was speaking "in my own name," told the lawmakers that the bill would set a "calamitous precedent" in the field of higher education and that "the legisla­ ture is not the proper place for the solution of academic mat­ ters." However, in a later statement he declared he was in "perfect agreement" with Abbot Ferald F. McCarthy, O.S.B., of St. An­ selm Abbey, an official of the college, who bluntly stated that "St. Anselm will not welcome known subversives to this cam­ pus."

Federal Grant Aids

University Library WASHINGTON (NC)-George­ town University here has re­ ceived a $1.2 million Federal grant to assist in construction of a new $6 million library build­ ing, work on which will begin next year.

ThE' grant was announced by

the U. S. Office of Education and is one of the first under Title II of the Federal college aid program which provides as­ sistance to graduate education.­

episcopate as the indispensable channel for authorizing the ministry of Wor:l and Sacrament, although agreement has been reacbed that the office of 'epis­ cope' is not the exclusive chan­ nel for such authorization in the Church."

Agency Names Two To Relief Posts NEW YORK (NC)-A former Peacf! Corpsman and an ex­ newsman were named to foreign supervisory posts With Catholic Relief Services-National Cath­ olic Welfare Conference. WilliamJ. Fitzpatrick of Hart­ for(J, Conn., who served with the Peace Corps in Peru from 1962 until 1964, was named to the Mexico City office' of the Catho­ lic relief agency. He formerly operated a restaurant in Havana, Cuba, which was expropriated by the Castro government.

J. Barth Healy of this city, was assignerl to the agency's· East Pakistan office. An alum­ nus of Holy Cross College, Wor­ cester, M'ass., and for mer member of the New York Times staff, Healy also served as a reviewer of motior- pictures for the National Legion of Decency

and an instructor at several high schools in South Africa.

Expansion Need EAST ORANGE (NC) -The Archdiocese of Newark has pur­ chased a 10-year-oldl office building here in New Jersey to serve as new headqua:-ters for The Advocate, archdiocesan newspaper and Cooperative Supply Services, a central pur­ chasing agency.

Schedule Poll On Changes WASHINGTON (NC) -Stu­ dents at colleges in northeasteni United States will be polled OIl. their reactions to the liturgical changes effected by the Church,. The survey will be made b)r the National Liturgical Confer~ ence. Students at Holy Crose Coilege, Worcester, Mass.; 8t. Anselm's College, ManchesteJr" N. H.; Mount St. Mary's College. Hooksett, N. H.; Dartmouth Col­ lege, Hanover, N. H., and the University of New Hampshire ... Durham, will be polled. John B. Manion, NLC execu­ tive secretary, said the main ob­ jective of the conference's first study of this kind will be to ex­ plore "relationship between stu­ dents' attitude toward the cur­ rent changes in the liturgy and. various factors in their home parish and college environment.;: . He said the poll also "will test the possibility of lal'ge scale i~­ vestigations of Catholics' aU»' tudes toward liturgical change and the factors involved in these attitudes."

25th Anniversary LITTLE ROCK (NC)-Bishott Albert L. Fletcher of Little Rock' will celebrate the 25th anniver­ sary of his episcopal consecra­ tion with a two-fold observanc•. Wednesday, April 28 and Sun­ day, May 2 here in Arkansas. I

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Apri122, 1965

Agony in Mission Lands

Describes .De'lightful' Visit

God Love You

To Hospitable Morocco

By Most Rev. Fulton J. Sheen, D.D. The mother of a young family, working in the kitchen. Is beseiged by the varied problems of her little ones: a cut finger here, a fight there, a fall here, a bruised ego there. Our office, too, which is charged by the Holy Father to help all the Missions of the world has its sorrows, great and smalL Within a few hours of each other, two letters from widely different parts of the world came to our desk. One told how death came to four nuns and five priests. The sisters, who had dedicated themselves to serving lepers, were cut to pieces and partly eaten by cannibals. The priests were brutally murdered and then hacked to pieces. They had been serving in the Missions for 15 years.

By Rt. Rt'v. Msgr. John S. Kennedy We had a few days in Morocco, and soon came to wish that our stay was much longer. For this is a beautiful, hospitable country, with a unique, exotic character and still unspoiled by tourist hordes. The weather was delight­ ful, especially in Marrakesh, This unpleasant, but not un­ that rose-red city with its exciting exper~ence detracted tens of thousands of date very little from the pleasure of palms. It is little wonder that­ seeing Morocco. As one leaves Churchill. and many other Casablanca, afteo:- passing rows Engl:shmen as well, chose to of npw factories, one moves out vacation there into country which is flat and in ,Winter. The fertiie, here intensely cultivated, crystalline air there carpeted with wildflowers and the spar­ in a variety of gay colors. kling sunshine But the level land soon yields are the best of to roJling country. then to moun­ medil'ines and tains alternating with vast, fe- ' restoratives. Our cund Yalleys.· Thl. scenery is Moroccan visit truly spE'ctacular, and its quick began, of course, succession of chlinges from the at Casablanca, fiercf' to the fair, its piling of the most Euro­ one magnificent view upon an­ pean of Moroc­ other, keep one not only alert can cities and but ';agog. the site of the international So many of these lodge de­ airport. lightfully in the mind and de­ Hardly is one off the plane mand an attempt at description, when one realizes that this is a but I shall speak of only one. country easier on the foreigner, That is the approach to Meknes, mor~ genial and with far less in the late afternoon of a glori­ red; tape, than others in North ous golden day The' city could Africa. be sepn, gleamingly white, but ThE' guide is concerned that we were still a considerable dis­ .ne see the European residential tance from it on a road winding' quartpr, which is luxurious, with, over wild hillsides and dipping its 'phish villas, glossy gardens, into valleys which had been '. Roll'" Royces, and old-fashioned brought under the plough and pram~ pushed by uniformed were a kaleidoscope in every nann:ies. But much more inter­ shade of green. esting is the dock -area, which Cresting one of the hills, we the guide is finally persuaded saw, festooning another hill, in­ one would rather see. numerable fruit and almond trees, set out at regular intervals Exports, Imports It is extensive and jampacked, in an pndless spiralling row. with ships from all over the They' were all in blossom, a world shouldering one another lovely tracery of delicate bloom at it.., wharves. They are being spelling the word which is magic loaded with Moroccan exports: even to the old and jaded heart: manganese, phosphates, copper, 'Sprin,gtime. hem~ the wood of the cork tree; Extreme Contrast myriads of oranges, potatoes, to­ Near neighbors are two towns matoes, and much else. Imports which we saw lined UP at a presenting an extreme contrast. warehouse were tractors and One is Volubilis, the other Mou­ lay Idriss. Volubilis 'was a RO­ toilets. man settlement, the remains of In this area,too, are the fish­ erm('n, the i r weatherbeaten whicl> were discovered in the boat,.· pulled up on the sands, present century. Excavation still and their briny nets (some a goes on. The town was set in a bloor!. red) spread out for drying rich and pleasant valley, sup­ plied with a rushing abundance' and mending. As the native workers leave of water and guarded by lofty the docks, on foot or on rickety mouf',tains. Birdsong and the' scent of bicycles, they are thoroughly .earcl>ed by customs officers, flowers were in the air as we and we saw one sad-faced and tramped the acres of ruins, ragged old man being taxed with which include remarkably pre­ served mosaic flooring (showing, an infraction of the law because for example, the labors of Her­ of something in the sack slung cules and the performers in a ever his shoulder. circus), houses, public baths, Enchantulg Expedition temples, the grand avenue of We went by car from Casa­ stone rutted by chariot wheels, hlanc-a on a tour which took us and the triumphal arch of Car­ to Rabat, the capital, Meknes, accala. Pes and Marrakesh, It had been On a mountain directly over­ our hope to get down into the looking Volubili... is Moulay In­ desert. but this phase had to be driss, dating from the eighth eliminated so that we could century A.D., having only Mus­ reach Rome for the consistory. lim inhabitants and said to be But what we saw on this en­ the principal holy city in Mo­ chanting expedition made .us rocco. It is the focus of a great feel that· another visit - to' Mor­ national pilgrimage each Sep­ occo was imperative. tember.The approach to it is up The· car was a new Plymo,uth a steep, -rough road down which and tl>e roads. though never very enormous flocks are' being widE' are excellent. Traffie is driven.. Its streets ~ almost Jight and this is an invitation perpendicular, cut out' of the to, thp native driver to go at a rock. . mad speed and to warn man, This' is but one of dozens of beast, carts; and other vehicles pictures over which one could out of the way with deafening . linger. 'For, as on.e thinks back blast!> of the horn. on' his days in Morocco, a me­ langl' of memories fills the mind. Spectacular Scenery We were' in one' accident, Therp is, for example, ,the old which was minor. but it meant pirate city along the shore at Rabat (this, of course, was the sittirl~ in the car for three and a har., hours in a lonely Berber Barbary Coast), 'There are the country, while a glorious day storks' nests topping trees and fadeC' into pitch black and chilly towers, and the peculiar clack­ ing of the storks' beaks, like the night out of whicl:. there occa­ random rattling of minstrel slondly loomed a scowling, be­ whisl<ered, long-go"'l'fled Berber bones. And there is SO much else. But who peered in at us and mut­ a halt must be caJJ-ol ~d incomprehensibly.

The other letter came from a different pari of the world It told of one our priest who was captured by Commnnists after they had completely destroyed his chnrch and rectory. Dis bishop writes: "God alone knows what they are doing to this pOor priest. Be. is 65 years old and has been very !lick for years. We have fonnd it absolntely. Impossible to trace him, but it is ru­ mored that he was killed by these godless men ••• Two of our sisters were carried away by the same enemies of the faith. At midnight, they were eon­ demned to death by a Commnnist eourt, ordered to take off their religious habits and to follow them. No one knows what happened. May the good Lord have mercy on these innoeent victims,. and may Be for­

give the Commnnists."

These letters speak for themselves. Is there anything for me to add? There may be something, however, for you to add. (Or should it be, to subtract?) These suffering missionaries are Part of your body, which is the Church. If your leg is cut and bleeding, do not your hands rush to bind up the wound? If then, the Body of Christ is in agony ·in mission lands, will you not· subtract a little of your' comfort for them? Give up a lux-.· ury that others may have a necessity;. give up a .necessity that they may have life. Remember!. The soul you save may be your

BETTER VIEWING: The Good Shepherd statue in the Vatican Pavilion Chapel at. the World's Fair has been placed for better viewing by the public this year. Believ~ own. to date from the third cen­ tury, the statue is on loan GOD LOVE YOU to Mrs. L.C.~. for $1%.95 '"This Is what

I was about to spend for a new Easter hat when I read about

from the Lateran Museum in some of the suffering III the world. Suddenly my hat wasn't

Rome. NC Photo.

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as Important doingsometJung to help them ••• to the D.

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Teacher.Pupii

Send 118 your old gold' and jewelry-the bracelet or ring no longer wear, last year's gold eyeglass frames, the cuff 1inb you never liked anyway. ·We will resell them and use the money to aid the Missions. Your semi-precious 'stones ·will be winning precious souls for Christ. Our address: The Society for the Propagation of the Faith, 366 Fifth· Avenue, New York, N. Y. 10001.

Continued from Page One the 75 dioceses which expect DO. change are many small, predom­ inantly rural dioceses ' whose pupil-teacher ratios are already small." The predicted improve­ ment is ascribed tl) the hiring of more lay teachers (expected in 40 dioceses) and limitations on class size (in 30 dioceses), the NCEA said. In addition, 11 other dioceses look forward to an easing oftbe shortage of Religious teachers. On the high school' level, NCEA rep 0 r ted, enrollment showed a two per cent gain this year over last. Secondary schools now enroll 1,087,00 pupils who are taught by 54,150 teachers, in­ cluding 18,100 lay persona. The pupil-teacher. ratio is 20 to 1. NCEA also repored the grade school teacher teaching staff Is at an all-time high of 118,75G, with more than 35 per cent be­ ing lay persons. There are 76,758 Religious and 42,000 lay teachers.

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Cenacle Group Sets Meeting For Newton The regional meeting of the New England Missionary Cenacle Apostolate wiJll be open Sunday noon with a Mass in the chapel of the New­ ton College of the Sacred Heart, Newton. Dinner will follow at 1 o'clock. Rev. Vincent Fitzpatrick of the Father Judge Mission seminal'7, Munroe, Va., will give the key­ note address. He will discuss the meaning of "Dialogue", that is, friendship and service in the Apostolate. At 3 o'clock, adult and junior groups will meet in workshops that will be led by a priest, • nun, and a lay leader specially prepared to stimulate discussion on methods of working out prac­ tical resolutions of the "Dia­ logue". A summation of the group workshops w111 be given at 4 o'clock and the day will be con­ eluded with Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. Refreshments will be available following the final spiritual exercise. Miss Jeanne Hession 0« • Potosi Street, Dorchester, is in marge of reservations for the dinner. All planning to attend the dinner are requested to send $2 for adults and one dollar for eb11dren under 12 years of age.

Low~ Income

Groups Need Housing Help

WASHINGTON (NC) - Fam­ IDes, especially large ones, In the lower and lower middle income groups are in the "greatest need" of consideration in the 1965 Fed­ eral housing program, a spokes­ man for the National Conference of Catholic Charities said here. Testifying before the housing llUbcommittee of the House Banking and Currency Commit­ tee, Msgr. Raymond J. Gallagher, NCCC secretary. said the confer­ ence endorses particularly pro­ visions of the program "which would serve to launch the lower income families toward bome ownership." "While these families repre­ sent a particularly critical need, they also represent the greatest potential for economic self­ sufficiency," Msgr. Gallagher said.

Committee Approves Bill on Adoptions WASHINGTON (NC) - The Senate Judiciary Committee hu approved a bill introduced by Sen. Thomas J. Dodd designed to halt the interstate black mar­ ket trade in adoptions. No l:tearings on the measure were held. The bill is identical to one passed by the senate last year but which was not acted on in the House of Representa­ tives. At a Senate hearing m H64, Father Thomas J. Reese, director of the Child Welfare Guild at the" Wilmington, Del., diocese, urged passage of the measure, declaring that the selling 0« babies on the black market is De different from the sale of humaD beings into slavery.

Joint Meeting OMAHA (NC)-The Nationt\l Catholic Conference for Inter­ racial Justice and the National Catholic SoCial Action Confer­ ence will hold a joint conventioa here Aug. 26-29 on the theme "The Human Face of Pov~~: ChalleDp ~ JQtenadel ~..

.-"

.SEDER AT ST. JOHN~ ATTLEBORO: Members &f. Mr. and Mrs. John Antaya at the sel'Ving" of the lamb. the Parish C.F.M. groups took part in a Seder Supper Right photo, The Gene Moore f'8Dlily shares in the meao1 ~nowing the Solemn Mass on Holy Thursday. Left photo, served in the school cafeteria.

CFM Groups of" St. John's, Attleboro, Conducts Seder

About 100 parents and ehD­ dren took part in a Seder Sup­ per in St. John School Cafeteria, Attleboro following the Solemn Mass on Holy Thursday evening. This was prepared under the di­ rection of Mr. and Mrs.. Eugene Moore, Coordinating couple for the CFM groups in St. John'. Parish. Participants were the members of the four CFM groups in the parish. Prior to the meal Rev. Edward Rausch, parish CFM chaplain gave a short talk explaining the link between Judaism and Chris­ tianity. The mothers then lighted the candles at each table-four in accordance with the four

Interracial Council To Assist" Hospital DAYTON (NC)-The Catho­ lic Interracial Council of Miami Valley here in Ohio, has begun a drive to assist the Selma hos­ pital which took care of Negroes injured in last month's voting demonstrations in Selma, Ala. . Dr James B. McMillan, CIC president and director of labora­ tories at Dayton's Good Samari­ tan Hospital, said that donated funds will be sent to the hospital of thE" same name in Selma. According to Mrs. Ethel Dil­ lingham, chairman of the drive, the Alabzama institution has a building deficit of $450,000 and anticipates an operating loss of at least $110,000 this year. The hospital does not receive llUp­ port from the United Fund (Ii Selma, she said.

Unit Asks Abolition Of Death Penalty

ALBANY (NC)-Abolition 0«

capital punshment in New York

State was recommended in •

report by a bipartisan commis­ sion in a split vote of 8 to 4. The 12-man panel, the Tem­

porary Commission on Revision

of the Penal Law and Code of

Criminal Procedure, called for a

quick abolition of the death pen­ alty. A minority report recom­ mended further study. It is ex·

pected that a bill carrying out

the majority recommendation

win be introduced ill 1be leai8_Jaiun 10080 •

groups in the parish ­ while Gene Moore recited the opening prayer. After the symbolic washing of hands the fathers then poured and each phase of the meal and its significance was explained. III tum were explained the reason for and significance of bitter herbs, the relish, matzos, the

Cardinal Supports Literacy Campaign GUADALAJARA (NC)-Jose Cardinal Garibi y Rivera of Guadalajara has voiced his sup­ port of the national campaign against illiteracy launched in February by President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz of Mexico. " "The Church has alway. viewed with the highest approv­ al initiatives that aim at pro­ moting culture and civilization among the people, such as the one which has been undertaken in our country with the purpose of wiping out illiteracy among us," Cardinal Garibi said. The cardinal added that he wanted· "to encourage and bless the work of all those who col­ laborate in this noble undertak­ ing, while at the same time we express our desire that priests, organizations and the faithful in general give them an support possible."

De Paul Meeting TUCSON (HC) -A Westem regional meeting at the St. Vin­ cent de Paul Society has beea acheduled here in Arizona folr May '1 and 8, on the theme "Vin­ centians Continue War OIl Po.­ erty."

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lamb. The menu and its broad lines were inspired by an article appearing recently in The AD­ chor. In the course of the meal Father Rausch read chapter 12 of the Book of Exodus and the evening ended with a brief talk on God's Love given by Rev. Joseph L. Powers, Chaplain at Bishop Feehan IDgh School. St. John has 26 couples partl-

.Consecrate Bishop For Puerto Rico SAN JUAN (NC) - Bishop Rafael Grovas, 58, was conse­ crated in the historic four-cen­ tury-old cathedral here to serve as the first spiritual leader of the Caguas diocese. Jose Humberto Cardinal Quin­ tero of Caracus, Vene2:uela, who was a classmate of the new bishop in seminary days at the Latin American College in Rome, was the consecrator. Bishop Alfred Mendez, C.S.C., of Are­ cibo, P.R., and Bishop Edward J. Harper, C.SS.R., prelate nul­ lius of the Virgin Islands, were the eoconsecrators.

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cipating in the Christian Family Movement. Rev. Edward A. Rausch is the parish chaplain and is aided in the guidance of these groups by two La Salette Fathers from the Seminary ill Attleboro, Father Femand Lan­ gevin and Edmond Bourque

Bomb Threats LITTLE ROCK (NC)-Twlt telephoned bomb threats in lea. than three days caused the inter­ ruption of a Requiem Mass and later a brotherhood dinner 01. the National Council of Chris­ tians and Jews in this Arkansas city. Both threats were hoaxes.

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Anglican Bishop To Give "Pope Vestments

New Guide fo", Singing

To Aid Participation

LONDON (NC)-An Art­ glican bishop will present Pope Paul VI with a set of Mass vestments made by

The Commission for Implementing the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy has just published a new Church music manual called the "Kyriale Simplex." It has been a silent, sure and welcomed step in liturgical reformation and an answer to the Council's wish: "Is is desirable also tive Christianity). The other contain variations for indi­ that an edition be prepared four vidual pieces. The selections containing simple melodies, were taken from the "Kyriale

for use in smaller churches." (Cont, art, 117) However, the Commission in­ terpreted this to mean that sim­ pler melodies were not only for simple churches but rather that simpler melodies were the tool required to bring about full par­ ticipation in sung Masses. The Council harl requested simpler renditions of both the Ordinary and Proper part..s of Mass. Up to now, the Ordinary of the Mass (Kyrie. Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus De~ and the re­ sponses was governed by the "Kyria~e Vaticanus." It con­ tained some 18 different musical settings for Mass which were composed of some 70 ordiQary pieces and 20 extraordinary or "ad libidum" selections. Only 15 of the above could be termed easy-for a trained choir. The new manual presents 5 Mass settings, made up of 38 selections; two tones for the "'Ite Missa Est" (one with "Alle­ luia"; one without); one tone for the "Benedicamus Domino" and four settings for the Creed. Sixteen of the 38 selections are DeW to the Kynale. These new selections--in private use in va­ rious dioceses or rites - have now been extended to the uni­ versal Church. There were sim­ ply no more suitable -pieces at hand. The rest of the selections are taken from existing texts and have been chosen because of their simplicity and authen­ ticity. The new "Kyriale Simplex", it Is important to realize, does not supplant existing manuals (Ky­ riale Vaticanus, Roman Gradual,

etc.). It is a uew tool, adapted· for Ilew demands. It is aimed at facilitating the participation of

the people. Thus No. 59 of the September 26, 1964 Instruction· of Pope Paul can now be realized: "'Pastors of souls shall carefully see to it that the faithful, more particularly the members of lay religious associations, also know . how to say or to sing together in the Latin language, those parts of the Ordinary of the Mass which pertain to them, ESPE­ CIALLY WITH THE USE OF SIMPLER MELODIES." There have been many modern attempts--many most successful -to compose suitable melodies for the Mass. This, the "Kyriale Simplex", rep res en ts the Church's own contribution, es­ pecially deSigned to bring about and encourage lay. participation. In publishing thls new manual, the Church has also ·shown the wQrld those qualiUes ",hich chant must possess. It is not a question of throwing out all that is ornate or difficult. It is rather a return to the authentic, original selections that in history have been the base and founda­ tion for what was later to be more ornate, decorous--and dif­ ficult The "Kyriale Simplex" does not even pretend to be a pattern for future reforms. It is simply the carrying out of the Council's desire for something practical that can serve today's pastoral needs. Some of the new manual's se­ lections are: Masses Five settings ar.:given. The first is. the sim", ~ (Missa ea~holica or The AL__ uf Primi­

Vaticanus", tones actually used in Spain and Germany, Ambro­ sian Rite pieces, and some Kyries and Agnus Dei that had been reserved for litanies up to the present. Creeds There are four: the first three are the Vatican Kyriale's I, IT and III. The fourth is an espe­ cially welcomed Ambrosian se­ lection. Ite l\1issa Est Two tones: one with "Alle­ luia". one WIthout. Benedieamus Domino Since, according to the new rubrics, this invitation shall only be used twice during the year, only one tone is given. Variations It is also shown that the Kyrie may be sung in three parts instead of the usual double alternation. Here, the first inv.o­ cation would be sung by -a solo­ ist, the second by a choir, the third by the people. The Agnus Dei may also be sung in litany form, i.e., the con­ gregation would simply answer "miserere nobis" and "dona nobis pacem" to the three-fold petition. Asper«es Me The Vatican Kyriale's "'ad libidum" selection becomes the normal here. It is simple, more authentic and ea..'lier to sing thall the usual but more ornate one. There is als:> an Ambrosian piece which is even easier but of great musical value. Vidi Aquam The one used up until now was found to be heavy and difficult to sing. Thus a selection was adopted that has .been in use in the diocese of Cologne, Germany.

Donates $800,000 .To Archdiocese BALTIMORE (NC) - Law­ rence Cardinal Shehan of Balti­ more, offered a Pontifical Mass of thanksgiving, commemorating his elevation to the college of cardinals, before a congregation of more than 4,500 persons in the 5th Regiment Armory here. Following the Mass, the card­ inal was guest of honor at a testimonial dinner at which he was present~d with a check for $800,000, a gift from his people. The cardinal returned the check to the archdiocese, naming a committee of three priests and three laymen to administer spending ''the princely gift" for the "welfare of the archdiocese.·

Adopts New Movie 'Censors'hip' System

YOUNG WORKERS' CENTER: Operated in Rome by Opus Dei, international secular institute, where young men of many nations are trained in mechanical and industrial occupations, and formed for Christian leadership in their countries. NC Photo.

Cardinal Wys%y~ski Hopes Reds

Will End Campaign Against Church

BERLIN (NC)-Poland's pri­ mate declared in an Easter ser­ mon that he hopes his country's communist government will end its drive against the Church now that it has signed what he called a treaty banning religious perse­ eution. . . S t e fan Cardinal Wyszynski was apparently referring to the fact that the week before his

Marriage Failure Continued from Page One aI," at the request of the Mar­ riage Preparation Service. The study was based on interviews with 129 French-speaking, Cath­ olic women. In 1964, the poll disclosed, there were 447 such marriages in the Montreal archdiocese. In the sampling for the inquiry, there were 16 couples who were under 19 at the time of marriage. The report said: "Only one of these 16 recorded a marital suc­ cess. Seven of these adolescent couples have separated." The report said the proportion of happy marriages increased to 70 per cent in cases where the husband is more than 20, even if the wife is 18 or less. The rate reaches 81 per cent when the partners are both over 22. The study was made during 1964 with a grant trom the Family and Social. Welfare De­ partment' of Quebec. Rolland Gosselin, secretary general of. the Marriage ·Preparation ser­ vice, said ,the report will help in determining policy, since the problem of adolescent marriages is a serious one. "Among the French-speaking Roman Catholics of the Montreal diocese, there are 1,300 to 1,400 marriages. involving adolescents each year, about 15 per cent of the total marriages," the service

ALBANY (NC) - New movie censorship procedures designed to comply with directives of the said. U. S. Supreme Court have been ~~-"I adopted by the New York State Board of Regents. Under the new procedures, the burden of proof that a film is obscene will rest with the state ~ censors, and the administrative and judicial process will be' speeded up. These were the major points of a Supreme Court ruling in a Maryland case which upheld 365 NORTH FRONT STREET' prior censorship of motion pic­ ) NEW BEDFORD ( tures but required that censor­ ship 'procedures contain safe­ WYIftCIft 2·5534 ( guards, for eoostitution~ ~

sermon, the meeting of the United Nations Human Rights Commission in Geneva, Switzer­ land, had approved several ar­ ticles of a proposed international convention to eliminate religious intolerance. When the commis­ sion adopts the convention as a whole it will have to be ap­ proved by the U.N. Economic and Social Council and General Assembly before it is ready for signing by individual countries. According to reports reaching here, Cardinal Wyszynski told some 3,000 people in St. John's church in Warsaw that the "gov­ ernment of People's Poland promised to obey this conven­ tion. So we hope we will be lib­ erate ourselves from the slavery of persecution, the slavery of limitation, from the constant sufferings which unfortunately face the Church in our home­ land so often." In recent months the cardinal frequently has been attacking the Polish government's cam­ paign against the Church. On Palm Sunday he accused there­ 'gime of using public funds to· . carry out its drive.

Anglican nuns, it was announ­ ·ced here. Bishop Robert Mortimer of Exeter is making the presen­ tation on behalf of some 300 Catholic, Anglican, Protestant and Orthodox pilgrims when they are received in audience on April 24 on their way to the Holy Land. The vestments, paid for by the pilgrims, have been made by an Anglican community of nuns, the Society of St. Margaret in London. Included are an elaborately embroidered chasuble bearing figures of four of Britain's 'great early saints, Columba, Alban, George and David on a green border representing the British Isles. The papal arms are em­ broidered· at the foot of the cone-shaped vestment, which was designed by London archi­ tect Laurence King.

Urge Study Groups As Step to Unity SAN ANGELO (NC)-An in­ terfaith gathering here in Texas heard a Catholic bishop urge establishment of community "study groups" of clergymen as a "positive step" toward reli­ gious unity. Bishop Thomas J. Drury of San Angelo said such' groups should "stress the positive" and "seek out and study more in­ tensely the many truths on which we have agreement and apply these truths more and more to . a practical way of life." Speaking b e for e Catholic, Protestant and Jewish clergymen in the First Methodist church, he said clergymen should take the lead in the search for unity.

Aid for Students MADISON (NC) - A State subsidy program to help stu­ dents attend private colleges in Wisconsin has been recommend­ ed to Gov. Warren P. Knowles•

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Meng Is Advisor In Unrest Study At St. John's

1'B

TtfE ANCHOJL-Di.~ese of Fo'l ~iver-Thurs. Apr" 22.1965

NEW YORK (NC)-John J. Meng, president of Hunter College here, has been granted a six-month leave of absence to serve as a special consultant to St. John's Uni­ versity in Jamaica, N.'J. st John's, the nation s largest Catholic university with an en­ rollment of 13,000, has been shaken by faculty and student protests over administrative pol­ icies. Meng was invited to take the consultant post by Father John T. Tinnelly, C.M., former dean of the St. John's law school, whom the university board of trustees named in mid-March to arbitrate the dispute. Teachers Protest Meng, 58, is a graduate of the Catholic University of America, where he received his A.B., M.A. and Ph.D. degrees. He taught political science there and at Queens College, and was a history professor at Hunter Col­ lege from 1949 to 1960 as well as its dean of administration from 1952 to 1960. He has been president of the college since 1960. Unrest at St. John's University broke into the open in March when some 200 teachers walked out on a general faculty meeting after their spokesman read a statement of protest. Two stu­ dent rallies in support of the teachers followed.' Student Demands The teachers' demands include salary increases, improved fringe benefits and a greater say in educational policy - making through an elected faculty sen­ ate. The students want more aca­ demic freedom, abolition of cen­ sorship of student publications and an end to "paternalism" on the part of the university admin­ istration..

Military Chaplains To Meet in Boston WASHINGTON (NC) - The ecumenical spirit will be evident at the 40th anniversary of the Military Chaplains' Association in Boston when a triple award will be made for the first time Thursday, April 29 to an out­ standing Catholic, Protestant and Jew. The MCA headquarters here disclosed the awards will go to Richard Cardinal Cushing of Boston, Dr. Billy Graham, evan­ gelist, and Milton S. Kronheim, Sr., Washington businessman and civic leader. Cardinal Cushing; Msgr. Pat­ rick J. Ryan, retired chief of Army chaplains and president of the MCA; Msgr. Francis Lally, editor of the Pilot, Boston arch­ diocesan newspaper, and Edward Brooke, Massachusetts attorney general, will l)e among conven­ tion speaken .

Paulist Urged Union Of AI,I Christians GRAND RAPIDS (NC)-The superior general of the Paulist Fathers said .here Father Isaac Hecker, C.S.P., was 100 years ahead of the times when he founded the first community of priests in the U. S. in 1858. Father John R. Fitzgerald, C.S.P., in a sermon at the dedi­ cation of the Chapel of Christ the King at the Paulist-staffed Catholic Information C e n tel' here in Michigan, founded the Paulists to engage principally in convert work. He said that in 1868 Father Hecker called for a union of all Christians - a call that has been revived today on a wide scale.

The

Anchor

Is

HOLY CROSS ALUMNI: Members of the Holy Cross Alumni of Bristol County conducted their Spring meeting Monday at the Kennedy Center, New Bedford, after a Mass celebrated byRt. Rev. Hugh A. Gallagher in St. James Church, New Bedford, for departed members of the Asso­ ciation. Left to right, Charles Guillette, Attleboro area chairman; Rev. William Keleher, S.J., guest speaker; Mon­ signor Gallagher; and James Donovan, New Bedford area chairman.

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Educator Urges Catholic Schools Put More Stress on Freedom NEW YORK (NC)-Catholic schools should be putting more stress on freedom and less on obedience, a Catholic college president told the 62nd National Catholic Educational Associa­ tion convention. "Rather than holding up sub­ mission and conformity as stan­ dards to meet, we have to encourage our students of today to take stands that may Q.e un­ popular, may even expose them to ostracism," Sister Margaret, president of Trinity College in Washington, D.C., said at the convention's final general ses­ sion. "Debate, controversy, initia­ tive-these must be the hallmark of educated people today," Sister Margaret said. "We are in a learning society. Our students must be characterized as those prepared to go on learning." The college president urged a reorientation of Catholic educa­ tion putting more emphasis on international responsibilities, in­ cluding the work of such agen­ cies as the United Nations aJld UNESCO, and also giving stu­ dents a greater sense of com­ mitment to social goals and duties. Stimulate Thought "Education today," she said, "must develop an environment that will stimulate thought about ethics in society, and the rela­ tion of each individual to that society in 'terms of his own ethical principles. To reach this' result the erivironment must be one that is free." She called on Catholic teachers to be true educators, rather than propagandists, explaining: "The educator recognizes each pupil as a unique person who has a particular task to fulfill in time. -The' propagandist, on the other hand, is concerned with his own ideas, opinions and feel­ ings and is concerned with the pupil only for exploitation. ''Too often today people in our schools are more propagandists than educators, and so our pupils never do develop to the point where they make a difference in the world." Sister Margaret said enact­ ment of the administration's new Federal aid to education program has presented Catholic education with a new challenge. "Now is the time to demon­ Mtrate that our interest, just as

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that of the public school educa­ tors, is the ~ducation of the youth of the United States," she said.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. April 22, 1965

Real Ecumenism Is Charity, Understanding, Sympathy

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'Lunatic Fringe' There are, however, a few dangers to such a movement-­ not, indeed, dangerous to the mature mind. aor to someone suffkiently grounded to notice them. but still dangers. The "lunatic fringe' and the imma­ ture show up here as every­ when' else, and can, unless noticf'd as such, spoil the whole thin!;. The trouble is that the extremists are always so very vocal that they tend to give the imprf'ssion of being a majority. And it is a oasic tendency of human nature to stick with the maj<'rity - particularly a loud "maJority" which can sneer very intelipctually indeed at your beliefs. . Real ecumenism is charity. It is understandIng, sympathy, and the ~nowledge that a man can be s'ncere and holy and great while still honestly believing things we do not believe our­ selvps. God's Gifts But ecumemsrr. cannot, on the othel hand, deny the magnitude of the gifts God has given us, nor torget the enormous respon­ sibiFty which 15 ours because of our "ery beliefs. It would not be ecumenism but a contradiction were we to deny the awesome fact that God has given us the grealest means for salvation, the means He intends as the ordi­ nary way for mankind to be saved It remains perfectly true that othel s. with lesser gifts and ad­ vant<>ges of faith. can save their soue;, and do. as a matter of fact, ofter. make us, with our greater adva'ltages, look pretty silly and spiritually poverty-stricken. But the fact also remains that the enormous grace!> of God's sal­ vific plan, the culminating revel­ atiol' or salvation-history, is ours in our faith Now it seemp that this would be obvious to anyone who, with God'!" grace, doer some thinking -and. for the most part, it is. Unfc-rtunately. there are those who at the- drop of a word like "ecumenical" will go (lff half­ eocked and put. all the wrong

Immature Thmkers A th' k' I n un m Ing perso~ can a ways come up With a ~l~orf'r. like "Wel~ then, one re­ bglOll IS as gooa as another," ~nd the. corollary (as logical as Its premise), "Why be a Catholi:c then-especiall~' since it looks !ougher than these other denomInatwns?" B t 't . u 1 IS only the unthinking, unlearned, or immature Catholic w~o c~uld c~me up wi~h any­ thIng like this. On a mInimum of t~ought - mature, balanced, s!u~Jed thought-the idea is rldlcll]OUS. U f tt' . . . n or una. e.y, It IS always the lI~m"ture thInker who considers h~mself mos~. mature, and the d~llettante ~hmker who is con­ vmced of hiS profundity. (If and when ~ teen-ager comes to "know It all" no one knows more. And we've all too many exam~les o~ the .dilettante, or dabblIng thm!ter.) . Salv~tlOn Possible . A very lIttle .thought brmgs us face to face ~lth the fact that we are Cathobcs, ~nd that we can thank God for It. We kno~, too, of course that a man IS saved ult· t 1 th h h' .. Ima e. ~ roug IS consc 1.ence and If, for one reason or another, his conscience hasn't led him into the Catholic Churcb his salvation is still quite pos­ sible Thp.t's what your salvation is, too - possible. But he's still missing a lot-like those items in your faith which make that sal­ vation better understood and more surely attained. YO'.lr non-Catholic friends and mine can be saved. And I don't know about yours, but many af min€" make me feel about an inch ~igh, because of their Very virtue. But i often think how much better they would be as Catholics. and how much worse I would be as a non-Catholic. Apparent Hypocrisy I have friends who would give a right arm or two to believe that their sins could be forgiven in the confessiOnal, or that they really could receive Christ every day in Holy Communion, or visit Him in a church any time they wanted to. In fact, I have friends who wonder at the apparent hyproc­ risy of a lot of Catholics who do believe in the effICacy of confes­ sion and still,go only when "they have to," and who believe Christ is present in the Blessed Sacra­ ment but still blithely pass by a church time after time without bothf'ring even to say "hello," an insult they would not offer to even a mediocre friend. A little thought, and we re­ member that in our Catholic faith we have an entire sacra­ mental system-not a series of isolated, meaningless rites, but the means of communicating to us t1'le life of Christ, the life of grace.

Asks Prompt Action On Rights Program BOSTON (NC)-Richard Car­ dinal Cushing urged "prompt action" on President Johnson's voter registration program to promote civil rights. He expressed the belief that the trials America is now un­ dergoing would turn to triumph in the hattIe for civil rights fol' every citizen of the land.

CASH SAVINGS &I~

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By Rev. Joseph T. McGloin, S. J. There was this soldier who ended up being a saint also, 81ld he answered to the-name, Inigo, or Ignatius. He stayed pretty much a fighter all his life, and so he was called a soldier-saint, which is not a bad combination if you think about it. At any rate, among other things this warrior had interpretations on the word, to say, he was fond of telling thereby conf~!'in~ God:s ",,:hole · "G . th' d plan of salvatlOr. In their mmds. hm m~ om ~ ~ .

but ('ome out " T' . your own. filS undoubtedly is one reason his followers have sometimes been falsely accused of being sly and wi l~' though the y' actm,lly are not but are , .' rathp.I as slm­ pIe P n doper and kindly as dove!'. (There may be some small prejudice here' At any · t d h' ra t e, I gna t lUS wan e IS men to imitate St. Paul in trying to be "All things to all men" but he also wanted them to' make sure they didn't get "convel'ted" therr.selves in th,., process of try­ ing to convert others. He would have said in other words "Go in theil do~r yes but make sure it dopsn't ~lam ~n you." We are in the midst of a great ecumenical movement just now, and it's a thrill;ng thing to be­ hold and be part of-especially for t.hose of I1S who have- been working away at minor-league, bI" d" . I anplJ IClze ecumemca move­ ments" of our own all our lives.

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Fr. De Pauw Agrees to Leave 'Traditionalist Movement'

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. April 22, 1965

Pope Emphasizes Individual Worth

BALTIMORE (NC)-At the request of Lawrence Cardinal Shehan of Baltimore, Father Gommar A. DePauw has agreed to cut himself off from the "Catholic Tradition­ alist Movement" and confine himself to his seminary movement. The Belgian-born Father DePauw's movement priest, who unloosed in the had issued statements expressing past three weeks a barrage strong opposition to the elimina­ of critical nationwide news­ tion of Latin in sections of the

paper and TV publicity against Mass, to mandatory congrega­ many Church reforms, said he tiona! participation and to sing­ w 0 u I d attempt to arrange ing of vernacular hymns. ..transfer of the flag of Catholic Traditionalism" to "whomever is willing to aceept it." ThE' decision of the professor of moral theologl' and canon law at the Archdiocese's Mount St. JERSEY CITY (NC) - The Mary's Seminary in Emmits­ Second Vatican Council acted burg. Md., to disassociate from wisely in divorcing a statement the movement was' announced on the Jews from the Decree on by himself an~ in a separate Ecumenism, a rabbi said at St. statement by Auxiliary Bishop Peter's College here in New HISTORIAN: Dr. Stephen T. Austin Murphy of Baltimore. Jersey. Bishop Murphy's statement, G. Kuttner, 58, one of seven "The striving for ecumenicity issued after a meeting between among the various Christian noted Catholic scholars ap­ the cardinal and the 46-year-old communions is of no direct con­ pointed by Pope Paul VI to priest, said Cardinal Shehan has cern to Jews and is not the con­ membership on the Pontifi­ directed Father DePauw "to dis­ text for the expression of cal Committee on HistoriCal associate himself from a move­ friendly relationships toward ment, which, in the cardinal's the. seed of Abraham," said Rab­ Sciences. Formerly professor patient and considered judg­ of canon law at the Catholic bi David H. Panitz of Temple ment. conflicts with the teflching Emanuel, Paterson. Universary of America, of the Second Vatican Council. Rabbi Panitz spoke at the last Washington, Dr. Kuttner is Accepts Directive in a series of programs on ecu­ now T. Lawrason Riggs Pro­ "I am pleasp.d to announce,· menifm sponsored by the Jesuit said Bishop Murphy, "Father De college. Sharing the platform fessor of Religion at Yale Pauw has in a spirit of loyalty with him was Msgr. John M. University, New Haven. NC to his lawful superior declared Oesterreicher, a convert from Photo. his acceptance of the cardinal's , Judaism and director of the In­ directive." stitute of Judaeo - Christian The Bishop Murphy statement Studies at Seton Hall University, went on to note that Catholics South Orange, N. J. have been encouraged by the Rabbi Panitz said that when eouncil to make known to their Pope Paul VI established the pas tor s "their conscientious Secretariat for Non-Christian MADISON (NC) -The Wis­ opinions and various subjects Religions "he introduced a for­ consin Assembly education com­ have found a spokesman in mula that permits more whole­ mittee has voted 5 to 4 to recom­ Father DePauw will be inspired some dialogue and less suspi­ mend a referendum to be held by his example ot solidarity with cious conversation with Jews," on prov;.ding state-paid school the Church and will not over­ bus transportation to private look the council's further guidschool pupils. ance concerning the proper The proposal would have te ehannels through which respect­ Continued from Page One be approved by this session of ful and constructive suggestions impart a superficial training and the Legislature and again 1­ should ·be brought to the atten­ to prolong the period of adoles­ tion of those 'whom the Holy cence to no purpose," declared 1967 before a referendum cou~ take place. Spirit has appointed as shep­ Father Herbert J Mursillo, S.J. A similar proposal passed In herds over the Church,''' of Fordham University. 1963. It was to come up again Criticizing college liberal arts Urges International curricula that include a large this session, but a clerk's typo­ graphical error was made In number of mandatory courses, Role for Ireland publishing the proposal and the the priest instead endorsed the DUBLIN (NC) - Irish Prime European system according to state attorney ~eneral held this voided the measure. Thus the Minister Sean Lemass said Pope which "the age of 18 on is con­ process' must be started over Paul VI has urged a larger role sidered the proper time for in international affairs for Ire­ study of a subject area in depth again. land, and he suggested this could with a view towards an academ­ At a hearing before the com­ be done best through the United ic degree."

mittee, the proposal for a refer­ Nations. "With good students and first endum was supported by the Wisconsin Federation of Citizens Lemass described his visit class teachers," he said, "we do for Educational Fteedom and with Pope Paul when he arrived not have to clutter up our cur­ ricular offerings with too many opposed by several Protestant here from Rome where he at­ clergymen and Protestants and tended the consistory which saw required courses outside of the Other Americans United for William Cardinal Conway of specific field of endeavor, in a mistaken effort to preserve some Separation of Church and State. Armagh, Northern Ireland, ele­ vated to the College of Cardinals. image of what the 'liberal arts Lemass told newsmen he was product' should look like." No. Carolina Passes happy that the Pope "expressed appreciation of the manner in Government Official Sterilization Law which Irish influence has been RALEIGH (NC)-The North Takes Catholic Post Carolina used throughout the world, par­ General Assembly has ticularly in the United Nations. WASHINGTON (NC) - Stan­ passed a law permitting women The Holy Father had ideas ley P. Hebert, U. S. Navy· De­ to be sterilized without the which he hoped we would con­ partment official, has been in­ consent of their husbands. sider as to how our influence stalled as chairman of the exec­ Present law requires consent of for good might be made more utive committee, National Cath­ husbands. .. effective * * *" olic Community Council, ?- usa There was some debate in the agency. Magazine Sponsors Following his appointment by state House of Representatives Archbishop Patrick A. O'Boyle before passage, but there was Liberty Meeting of Washington, president of the only one vote against the bill NEW YORK (NC)-The Cath­ NCCS board of trustees, Hebert, in the senate where Roy Rowe of Pender County, explaining olic World magazine, in con­ Navy deputy general counsel, junction with its 100th anniver­ was installed at an executive the measure, said: "It may tend sary year, will sponsor an committee meetings. In his office to reduce our population." Passage of the bill without a ecumenical conference on reli­ Hebert will serve as a vice pres­ gious liberty here Saturday, May ident of the USO, member of the fight caused no surprise. In the last session of the legislature, a 8. Participants will include Wil­ board of governors imd execu­

law was passed permitting forced liam B. Ball, Harrisburg, Pa., tive committee.

attorney and authority of Hebert is a native of Baton sterilization of women by court Church-State questions; Dr. John Rouge, La., an alumnus' of the order under certain condition C. Bennett, president, Union University of Wisconsin and such as feeble-mindedness and Theological Seminary; Paul G. Marquette University law school. proven immorality. Kauper, University of Michigan He served with the U. S. Army

And the state's largest county, professor of Constitutional law Air Force in World War II and Mecklenburg has been pioneering and Father John B. Sheerin, has held a number of legal posts for more than a year in use of C.S.P., editor of the Catholic in city, state and federal gov­

the oral contraceptives ill its World. ernments.

handling of welfate cases.

Rabbi Praises Council Action

Bus Referendum Proposal Passes

Libera I Arts

17

VATICAN CITY (NC)-Pope Paul VI says the concept of the People of God does not mean that individual worth is lost. "Each and every person has his distinct place,. his most per­ sonal worth, his own particular vocation and a mission all his own, like each piece of a mosaic," the Pope declared. The Pontiff stressed that "the mass does not detract from the value of each single person who goes to make up the People of God. It is thus that the mass of people in the Church does not suffocate the specific and in­ imitable singularity of the in­ dividual believer but rather * * 4' exalts it." The Pope observed that it was this aspect of the thousands of

individuals at his audience that gave him hope for the world. the "hope above all that eacJa of you is and always will be a faithful son of the Church. It is no longer enough for you 10 be present and devout at the tomb and chair of St. Peter. AD your life must be animated by a feeling and a concept of con­ scious loyalty to Christ, living and working in His Church."

Jubilee Year ST. LOUIS (NC)-Joseph Car­ dinal Ritter of St. Louis has hailed the golden jubilee year of the Catholic Hospital Associa­ tion of the U. S. and Canada which will convene here in Mis­ souri June 8 to 11.

GAZA: DUST AND BLINDNESS "HII HOLYFATHIA'S MISSION AID TIll THI DRIENTAL CHURCH

TH£DUST n.IESTHICK ON THE GAlA STRIP; AND HUNDREDS DFCHILDREN THERE ARE BLINDED IN INFANCY BY CONJUNCTIVITIS OR TRACHOMA.

They are the children of Arab refugees who lost their homes, farma, Ichools, and hospitall I I a result of a cruel war 17 years ago. Ther. II little these children can do to help them· selves if we, who can, do not help them now. Teke Eid, a dark haired seven year old. He will be blind a8 long as he lives.••• To give him sight is. beyond the power of medical science. As an adult he will live by touch and taste and. sound. What will become of him? He need not be a beggar on the streets, ragged, dusty, and helpless. At the Pontifical Mission Center for the Blind he can learn to read In Braille, learn a trade, prepare himself for 8 useful .life. To make room for Eld and children like him of all ages, the Pontifical Center needs additional classroom space, equipment and facll/ties. The Holy Father asks your helpl.$2300 will provide a vitally needed classroom wing (name It for your favorite saint, in memory of a loved one). $616 wi!' buy a set of Braille Encyclopedias, $124 a Braille classroom dictionary. $300 will pay for Eid's training at the Center for a year, $14 his lunch for a year, $8 his classroom "reader," $5 his own slate and stylus. C~

DRESS THEM UP TO RECEIVE' CHRIST

For many months ctuldren of the PALESTINE .REFUGEES have studied hard In catechism classes led by our devoted mission priests and sIsters. They know the answers-at least most of them! .•. And now comes the great day of FIRST HOLY COMMUNION. Shall they go to the . altar in ragged, hand·me·downs, the only cloth­ Ing their parents can ·provlde? .•• Not if you help them. For only $10 you can supply a child with a new outfit What a lovely gift. C~

MASS IN THE HOLY LAND

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NEAR EAST IVIIS810NS FRANCIS CARDINAL SPELLMAN, President MSGR. JOSEPH T. RYAN, National Secretary Write: CATHOLIC NEAR EAST WELFARE Assoc. 330 Madison Avenue:' New York, N.Y. 10017 Telephone: 212/YUkon 6-5840 .


18

I Me ANLl1UIf­

Thurs., April 22, 1965

Ohio Bishop Says Sex Revol ution Ruilf1S Society MARTINS FERRY (NC)­ Today's so-called sex revolu­ tion is taking society back to the caves according to Bishop Jo~n

King Mussio of Steuben­

ville Bishop Mussio said that as the Christian knows that "the disorder of sex is a challenge to law and good order, so also the unbeliever in God should see the threat to the stability of the so­ cial order in that which encour­ ages self-gratification. ThE so-called sex revolution, Bishop Mussio noted, "is chain­ ing man once again to that from which he gradually emancipated himself by the influences ·of a true-God-centered way of life." Effective System. "We hearci 'of companionate marriage, pre-marital experi­ ence self expression through full passion, happiness 'in sex discovery, the freedom to find personal fulfilment and a thou­ sand' other catch phrases which seek to make respectable what; under a'ny name, corrodes aU respectability. "Nc matter what you call this distortion of sex, it is best known to us who believe in God as sin. And sin means that which is for­ bidden by God because it is against our very nature as men. and against the order of society. Nothing today warrants a con­ clusion that man's nature has changed, or that. God has changed His mind," the prelate saId. "When we talk of the renewal of the Church, the great step forward, the new society, it does not and cannot mean a change in the' unchangeable, a doing over what God has already put togetber as a good creation. Of course, we recognize the neces.., sity of devising better ways to provide an effective system of sex education. We acknowledge that we must remove from the discipline . of sex all taint of Jansenism, rigorism, and false modesty," he said. Purpose Lost "We know that sex is good be­ cause it is of God," he added. "We must beware of any attitude or policy which would make the right use of sex something suspect, or a hindrance to Chris­ tian perfection. Sex is good, as man is good; both are good be­ cause they are of God. "For the Christian, there can be no sex revolution if it means setting aside· the law laid down by our Creator and reiterated by Christ our God. The history of man has shown that when sex indulgence knows no bounds, woman is enslaved, 'society weakened, manhood vitiated and purpose lost.

Inter-Faith Service; On British Warship GLASGOW (NC)-A joint re­ ligious service was held on a ship of the British Navy when' HMS Naiad was commissioned here Father William Briscoe, Cath­ olic chaplain, read the lesson. Normally. Catholic members of the crew would go to their own service. 'We feel this has been a step forward i.n our own inter­ church relations," a n a val spokesman said.

Fall River Guild Fall River Catholic Guild for the Blind will meet Sunday afternoon in St. Joseph's School, following Rosary and Benedic­ tion in the church at 2:15 P.M.

,Convent Aspirant To Spend Year In Own Home CINCiNNATI (NC)-High school girls testing their reli­ gious vocations will spend the third year of their pre­ convent course residing at home and attending the high school of their choice. The new plan will go into ef­ fect in September at the St. Clare Aspirancy, which offers a high school course for "aspi­ rants" to the religious life at the Franciscan Sisters' provin­ cial headquarters. The aspirancy will continue to offer courses for high s~hool freshmen, soph­ omores and seniors. Sister Mary Rose Carmel, di­ rector of the aspirancy, said the plan was adopted to "broaden. the .girls' opportunities for so­ cial contacts, competition with more students' oi their own age, and normal, parent-guided boy­ girl relationships."

Of 25 students now at St. Clare convent, eight are in the soph­ omore clasS, which will be the first group affected by the change. Although the~ will .leave the

convent school to reside at home and attend their local high schools, Sister Rose Carmel ex­ pects to keep in touch with them and will be available for guid­ ance, she said.

Prelate Supports Rights Efforts NEW YORK (NC) -Francis Cardinal Spellman of New York said here that those who are fighting "racism and civil in­ equality" in the U: S. have his. "praise and prayers." "And I gladly join their forces." he said in an address at the annual Reform Jewish Ap­ peai dinner. At the same time Cardinal Spellman expressed "emphatic opposition" to '.'those who would use the civil strife wbich' the Negro struggle has engendered

to subvert and sabotage Amer­ ica." The cardinal received the Re­ form Jewish group's -Humani­ tarian Award during the dinner.' "For all too many genera­ tions," he said in his talk "our Negro brothers here in America have been deprived of the full­ ness of freedom, and today we blush because at last we have come to realize the unfairness with which they have been treated, especially in some parts of our land."

They will make occasional visits to the asplrancy, she said. for retreats, daYf> of recollection. and special celebrations. Sister Rose Carmel said..c the junior year at home is expected give aspirants "an opportunity to evaluate their religious voca­ tions from another standpoint." Environment "It is important to realize that the aspirancy is not a place to make high school girls into 'little nuns,''' she said. "Rather, it seeks to provide an environ­ ment suitable for the growth and development of a vocation while at the same time permitting normal teenage activities which help girls become mature wom­ 20."

She said the new plan had been discussed with and ap­ proved by psychologi.sts, priests and nuns before it was adopted.

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Full School Sport Schedule For Baseball and Track

Serll«Dfi'e ApPfr~~eS Johlrn~01i1 Sch~~1

By Fred Bartek This is school vacation week but high school athletes wno participate in baseball and track will be engaged in full schedules. And, the results of this week's contests will tend to divide the front runners from those who win be bringing up the rear in the ta's second victory of the young standings at the conclusion season. of the Spring competition. Westport's Jim Connors was Right now, it would appear the victim of errors as he struck that the pitchers are ahead of out four and allowed only two the batters in the diamond com- hits. Unfortunately one of those petition. While hits was Letendre's two run belt. the weather has Prevost will be at Diman tomor­ been on the row and Westport at Old Roches­ chilly side for ter. the national Before Westport visits Roches­ pastime, the ter they will have to take on the trackmen 1ike Case Cardinals at their home the conditions field today. The Villagers got that have preoff to a good start by handing vailed for their Dighton-Rehoboth its first de­ me e t s. Two feat of the year. Bob Pierce y'oungsters who tossed a three-hitter. He scat­ threw one-hittered Dighton's hits, struck out ters last week 12 and walked only one. may face each other on the slab today when Taunton High travFine Santerre Effort els over to North Attleboro. Art Pierce's opposing hurler was Kostka of the Herrings turned Glen Field who struck out 11 back Fairhaven with his one-hit while allowing seven hits. Field job in his last outing. The sole had tied the score at two apiece safetY came on an infield fly . with a lead-off homer in the that dropped among three play- . fourth inning, but Pierce dou­ ers. bled for the Villagers in the folDale Alger tossed up the lowing frame, scoring a team­ North Attleboro one-hitter mate, and Westport was ahead against Attleboro. The only hit for good. This game was defi­ came on a soft fly to short left nitely not an example of pitchers field in the seventh inning. Jay not being able to hit. Gilmore turned in a credita~le Dave Varley of Dighton be­ effort for the Jewelers, allowmg came the fourth pitcher in the only three bingles as he fanned league to earn his second win 11 opponents. when his team downed ApponeBishop Stang High of North quet 3-2. Rick Castro of Diman Dartmouth will furnish the op- also shares the same honors. He position for the Attleboro threw a three-hitter at Somer­ aggregation at the latter's field set. Castro struck out 10 and today. The diocesan club has had leads the loop with 25 K's after rough going of late, having lost two mound starts. Somerset to Durfee of Fall River after hosts Apponequet Regional to­ having played an 11-inning day and travels to New Bedford scoreless tie with Fairhaven to face Holy Family tomorrow. which will be completed at a Lou Perry of Old Rochester later date. received credit for a 7-6 victory Prevost Is Unbeaten over Holy Family in a game that Another three-hitter tossed had been tied several times be­ last week was by Bruce Santerre fore the Bulldogs took the lead of Durfee whi~h gained its first for good in the seventh. Old win of the season and appears to Rochester is idle today but plays be squared away in the defense Westport at the latter's field to­ of its title..Against the Stang morrow. The Blue Wave of Holy Spartans, Santerre was superb. Family hosts Dighton today. He allowed three hits, fanned 16 Dewey of Coyle and walked two over the seven inning route. Bruce also aided On the cinder paths, the early his own cause with 11 long homer indications point to Attleboro to left field in the second inning. and Fairhaven as the teams to The Hilltoppers will be on the beat in the BCL. In the. Narry road today playing at Vocation- League a good bet is Dlghton­ al and al~o tomorrow as they Rehoboth while on Cape Cod tr~vel to Attleboro to play Bish- Lawrence Hig.h of Falmouth and op Feehan for the first time at Barnstable High are the teams Feehan's home grounds. to beat. Oliver Ames again is Today Fairhaven is at Feehan. the powerhouse to the North. The Feehanites have yet to beat Fairhaven's t rae k for c e s a league team, having bowed to showed themselves to be a team Taunton 3-1 and to New Bedford of strength in downing a highly Vocational 3-2. They did get regarded Coyle team. Paul Pat­ their initial victory though, over enaude led the way for the Vic­ Mansfield last week. tors scoring wins in the mile and With only four games having broad jump. The Coyle Warriors been played in the Narry League, displayed good form in an easy there are now only two unbeat- 52-25 victory over Stang. John en teams--Case High of Swan- Dewey of Coyle is definitely the sea and Prevost High of Fall man to beat in the 440 as he has River. These two square off to- recorded the best time of the day at Swansea. year with a 50.9 clocking. Case is continuing its strong . bid for its second straight chamThriller in Offmg pionship. Joe Kirkman already Art Murray of Durfee. is carry­ has two victories after firing a ing the team. The Hllltoppers four-hit, 10 strikeout, effort in were not too successful against which his teammates got nine a strong Attleboro combine, but runs on 12 hits from Somerset. Murray scored a triple with vic­ The Cardinal catcher, Gene Wil- tories in the 440, 220 and broad lette is the hotte~ hitter in the jump. league, gaining four hits agailllSt Attleboro's Dave Hardt has the Raiders including his second tossed the steel ball further than homer of the season. any County track man with a Westport at Swansea 51 foot toss. For Prevost, Marc. Letendre's At North Attleboro Paul Me­ two run homer beat Westport 3-2 deiros is yet to be seriously in one of the area's best games challenged in the 220 or 100 yard of the season. 'Ron Costa turned dashes. It should be interesting in a good performance for the when Murray of Durfee and Leafs, scattering four hits and Medeiros Iquare off in two 8trikinl out three. Thia was C05weeks.

IB

ANLnvn-

Thurs., April 22, 1965

Aid P~@[?osal WASHINGTON (NC) The U.S.' Government now

stands on the brink of launching a vast program

MIDWEST TORNADOES: Msgr. Chas. F. Bolte (hand­ kerchief to face) mourns tornado damage to churc~ .he built in the late '50's. His successor as pastor of Holy TrInIty church Grand Rapids, Michigan, Father William Hoogterp, survey~ damage following five-State twister that killed more than 200 people and sent hundreds to hospitals in more than 50 communities. NC Photo.

Break Color Line in Sports At Eight Catholic Schools NEW ORLEANS (NC)-Eight predominantly white Catholic high schools here have agreed to compete in sports against two predominantly Negro Catholic high schools. Principals of' the schools de­ cided upon the competition at a meeting here. As schedules permit the schools will compete against each other in baseball and track beginning this Spring. The two Negro schools are St. Augustine and Xavier Prep. At present the' white schools com­ pete in a state organization for whites and the Negroes in a sim­ ilar organization for Negroes. St. Augustine met a white

school, St. Aloysius, in baseban this Spring. St. Aloysius won 4­ to-3 before an integrated audi­ ence. The game was played with­ out incident. Some weeks ago St. Augus­ tine's basketball team met Jesuit High in an unpublicized scrim­ mage game. The Negro team won, 81-59. Jesuit High went on to win easily the state white high school championship. Parents of two Jesuit High players declined to let their sons play in the game against the Negro school. Catholic schools in the New Orleans archdiocese have been integrated racially since 1962.

Score Cross-Burning Incidents As Insults to Cincinnati Area CINCINNATI (NC) - Representatives of three . religious faiths asserted Ku Klux Klantype cross-burning incidents in the Cincinnati area "have degraded and insulted our whole community." In a joint statement they ex­ pressed "shock at the burning of crosses on the property of three citizens." They said each had been placed "in the dark of night on the lawn of a Negro family which had purchased a home in what had been an all­ white neighborhood." Signers of the statement-the Rev. Robert P. Beck, of the Council of Churches of Greater Cincinnati; Harold K. Goldstein, chairman of the Jewish Com­ munity Relations Committee; and Richard Stenger, president, Catholic Interracial Council ­ described the burning cross as "a sign of intimidation, terrorism hatred, and violence." ". cross used in this way is a negation of Christianity, a desecration of the symbol of the Christian faith, and an act of insult to all 'religions," the state­ ment continued. "While four high school stu­ dents have been apprehended in connection with the first inci-

dent, this cannot be passed off as a youthful prank. Young peo­ pIe reflect - attitudes of. their eld~rs and of the CO~unIty in which they are reared.

pionpering in Federal recogni­ tion of the educational needs of both public and private school pupils. By a vote of 73 to 18, the Sen­ ate added its endorsement to House approval of President Johnson's $1.3 billion proposal. The President hailed passage of the measure. He predicted that it would prove to be "just _the beginning, the first giant stride toward full educational opportunity for all of our school children:" The bill sped through the Sen­ ate, as it had through the House, propf'lled by urgent appeals of ' the leadership that Congress capitalize on the wide consensus of support for the legislation. Sen. Wayne Morse of OregOn, chairman of the Senate educa­ . tion subcommittee and the bill'. floor manager, repeatedly char­ acterized it as experimental in its approaches and appealed that it be given a yea~'s trial run. Much of the Senate discussion centf'red on the inclusion of pa­ rochial and other private school pupils. Morse and the bill's other supporters argued that the aid contemplated in the legislation is aimed at pupils, not church­ related schools, a constitution­ . ally permissible course. A major Senate challenge was an amendment by Sen. Sam J. Ervin of North Carolina. Ervin proposed that the bill include a provision authorizing nearly au­ tomatic Federal court challenge by a taxpayer of the bill's incha­ sion of parochial pupils. Thp. Ervin proposal was tile­ feated 53 to 32 in the face of ap­ - peals by Morse and Republican - Sen. Jacob Javits of New York, who said the constitutional is­ sue iE being approached in other way!', notably a court case in Maryland, and that the benefits of the Johnson bill should not be delayed, which would be the case if it were held up by a court chall€ ' nge. .

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20

THE ANCHOR-Diocese ofFatl River-Thurs. Aprit 22,1965 .....

«<'.,'~

rI k.J

NOCTURNAL ADORATION IN ST. MARY'S HEBRONVILLE: At .ltepository on Holy Thursday night are, front row, left to right: Emile Allard, Donald Blake, and James McArdle; second row, Edward Argue and

Cardinal To Visit Former Prison MTTNICH (NC)-Josef Cardi­ "al Beran of Prague will arl"ive here on May 2 to take part in an anniversary ceremony at the .former nazi concentration camp in ncarby Dachau where he was a prisoner for three years. An outspoken opponent of the llazis he was arrested in 19012 and remained in Dachau until its 2(1,000 prisoners were liber­ ated by U. S. troops in 1945. The anniversary ceremony is bcing held to mark the liberation's ~Oth anniversary Cardinal Beran, who waiS al­ towed to go to Rome to be cre­ ated a cardinal on Feb. 22 after lftorp. than 15 years of intern­ lllent and restriction by Czech­ .slovakia's communist rulers, is coming here a.. the guest of "ulins Cardinat Doepfner of Munich and Freising. He will eifer Mass in the chapel ()f J:hrist's Agony at Dachau.

• Ernest St. Peter. Right photo, Russell Partridge, Arthur Clark and Harold McCormick arrive to start their hour of adoration. The Hebronville organization will celebrate its third anniversary this year.

St. Mary's Parish, Hebronville, Leader

In Nocturnal Adoration Movement

Eighty-five men of the Nocturnal Adoration Society of St. Mary's Parish, Hebron­ ville, kept watch at the Repository of the Blessed Sacrament during all the hours of Holy Thursday night until the late morning hours on Good Friday. This was not just for the occasion of Holy Week, but it is the continuance of the aiffi6 of the Society that are fulfilled on every First Frid­ ordained a Carmelite priest, was . thus was born the Nocturnal day and during two nights ejected one night from a chapel Adoration Society in France. of the annual Forty Hours in France. The reason? Some The first seed of this society Devotion. The Hebronville women were to spend the night was planted in St. Mary's Parish unit is one of 336 parish centers in prayer and men were not and five centers in military . considered as having the privi­ camps throughout the country. lege of nocturnal adoration of This new army of more than the Blessed Sacrament. Mr. Cohen accepted the dis­ 50,000 American men are force­ missal gracefully but did not fully giving new vigor to Amer­ consider the privilege strictly a ican Catholic life. feminine one. Hence, after con­ Although the growth is star­ sulting a priest and being di­ tling in our own country, the rected that if a sufficient num­ birth and nurturing of the move­ ment are part of the Catholie ber of men volunteered, ar­ rimgements would be made for history of France and Italy. One hundred and twenty-live their night of prayer. Herman Cohen startled hi. years ago, Herman Cohen, a Jewish convert who later was friend by finding the men, and

It

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.• I

i.

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OFFICERS MEET WITH DIRECTOR: Assignment of hours for nocturnal adoration h conducted by the pas'tor-director and officers of the organization. Howard Vaslet, vice­ president; Jacques Leduc, president, William Crowley, treasurer; William F. Foley, Jr., aecretary; Father Keliher. , .

Hebronville, in August of 1962 when the parochial Holy Name Society became interested in Cohen's spiritual business ad­ venture. Three months later, on the First Friday of November, 39 men assigned to 13 bands started entering St. Mary's Church at T o'clock Friday evening and covered the hours until 8 o'clock' Saturday morning. The Canonical Establishment occurred on Sunday, April 21, 1963, when Rev. Hector C. Lemieux, S.S.S., National Di­ rector installed 65 members ill St. Mary's Nocturnal Adoration Society. On that day Donald Blake was elected president, and he was assisted by Dr. Alex McIsaac, vice-president, and Richard Gal­ lagher, secretary. After two and a half years in existence, the enrollment has more than doubled to 85 and the unit is directed by the fol­ lowing slate of officers: Jacques Leduc, president; Howard Vaslet, vice-president; William Foley Jr., secretary; and William Crowley Jr., treasurer. The motto of the Hebronville group is "No meetings - no dues", just love the Eucharistic Savior so deeply that one hour of adoration will be given to Him on the First Fridays, Holy Thursday and during the Forty Hours Devotion. The hour is a planned period of prayer. The suggested order is: the Office of the Blessed Sacrament (20-25 minutes); ten minutes of silent prayer; a vocal prayer from the Office Book; another period of silent prayer; vocal prayer; prayers for the deceased members; and finally, prayers for the Holy Father. Silence has no note of dullness and the vocal prayers and office have been so well received that members are of the opinion that no finer and inspirational meth­ od of spending 60 minutei with God is possible.

Deny Antipoverty Aid to Refugees MIAMI (NC) -The fact that Cuban refugees are excluded from the federal anti-poverty program was scored here during an informal meeting of a con­ gressional sub-committee for the war on poverty. Rep. Sam Gibbons of Florida said it was "a real surprise to learn refugees were excluded," and he added: "I don't believe that was Congress' intent and I think we can do something about it." At the meeting called to dis­ cuss problems In the operation of the Economic Opportunity Act which might indicate- modi­ fication of the legislation, Msgr. Bryan O. Walsh, executive di­ rector of the South Florida Eco­ nomic Opportunity Development Council, Inc., pointed out that -the law is set up to read that only American residents can be helped."

Help Hospital NEWARK (NC) -The New­ ark Archdiocesan CouncU of Catholic Men hall voted to send $250 to Good Samaritan Hospital in Selma, Ala.

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04.22.65  

eomments on the council's the most determined responses "Catholic worship now is no Virgin should enhance the devotion of Catholics toward t...

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