Page 1


"The Risen Savior Shines Upon You" Dearly Beloved in Christ, The Paschal Candle is lighted during the Easter Vigil Service and carried into the darkened church. "Christ, our light," we sing, recognizing in this liturgical symbol the brightness and the warmth of the Risen Savior. One by one, candles held by clergy and faithful in attendance are lit from the Paschal Candle, until the church is ablaze with light, and the procession moves to the sanctuary for the celebration of the Easter Vigil Mass. This procedure graphically dramatizes the spread of grace through the ranks of God's people, the brightness and the warmth of Christ touching the hearts and souls, the minds and the wills of His redeemed people. "Rejoice," the liturgy tells us, "Exult in glory! The Risen Savior shines upon you!"

stems and flows from our conviction, firmly rooted in Fa'ith, that because Christ has, indeed, risen, life is for each of us and for all of us qualitatively and quantitatively different: we are redeemed, we are saved! "May the light of Christ, rising in glory, dispel the darkness of our hearts and minds." I I send you all sincere and prayerful good wishes for a full measure of God's choice blessings and rich blessings on this beautiful Easter Feast. Devotedly yours in Christ,

The call to Easter joy, the wish of "Happy and Blessed Easter," is, as our Holy Father Pope Paul tells us, no hollow convention. It

The ANCHOR An Anchor 01 the Soul, Sure and Flrm-St. Paul

Fall River, Mass., Thursday, Mar. 27, 1975 Vol. 19, No. 13 漏 1975 The Anchor $5.D::~;Ey~:~

Bishops' Principal Topic Catechetical Directory WASHINGTON (NC) - The More than 60,000 persons atNational Catechetical Directory tended meetings on the Direc-general norms and guidelines _ tory held in late 1973 and early for teaching religion to U. S. 1974 during the first preliminary Catholics-will be the principal consultation. Over 17,400 rectopic to be discussed at the ommendations were received spring regional meetings of the from approximately 32,000 perNational Conference of Catholic sons. Bishops (NCCB). Even wider participation is exThe bishops' regional meet路 Turn to Page Two ings will be held in 12 locations throughout the country from mid-April to early May, 1975. The Catechetical Directory is intended especially for parents, religious educators and catechists, priests and deacons, pub路 lishers and authors of catechetical materials. The U. S. bishops first commissioned the project, as well as a multi-phase consultation plan for its development, in 1972. In the three years since the project began, the Directory has been the subject of the largest consultation ever held in the history of the Catholic Church in this country.

Bishop of Fall River .

See Easter Collection Vital To Religious Communities This year's special Easter Col- hers. Virtually all the communilection, taken up in all the ties are making provision for churches and chapels of the Di- funded, sound programs for the ocese, will be the final phase aged and sickly member-so and the of a two-year program whereby .. contribution made by the Diocese such proceeds wi'll be used to was heartily welcomed a year ago. fund a spedal contribution by Grateful for the generous rethe Diocese to each community of religious sisters and brothers engaged in the Diocesan apostolates. The Chancery announced that The Great Sacred Triduum befunds from this year's Easter gins tonight in all the churches Collection would enable the Di- and chapels of the Diocese and ocese to complete the payment of the world. Christians will reof $150,000 pledged in 1974 to live Christ's life, death and resthe communities concerned. urrection in the Church's most A pledge was then made to solemn rites and ceremonies. the communities by the Diocese The Lord's Supper will open of Fall River specifkally to as- the rites as it did for Christ and sist religious congregations in the Apostles some 2,000 years providing for the aged and in- ago in Jerusalem. firm members. The institution of the EuchaEaster of 1974 permitted the r'ist within the Jewish Pasch Diocese to distribute a total of Rite not only commemorates $75;000 to the provincia,l supe- ,the all prov,iding life of Christ r'iors of communities of sisters but continues it down through and brothers who are repre- every age, every place, every sented within the diocese. individual life as Christ's inSuch aid brought relief to the tended presence becomes, the religious congregations, bur- essential food for every Chrisdened with concern for the wel- tian everywhere and :for all fare of elderly and infirm mem- time.

Triduum Begins .Tonight

TV Mass Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of the Diocese of Fall River, will celebrate a Mass for shut-ins to bring them the joys of Easter, on WfEV, Channel 6, New Bedford at 8:45 Sunday morning.

sponse of the faithful to the plea made last Easter, Bishop Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of Fall River, stated,. "I have no doubt that a generous distribution this year will be received with equal enthusiasm."

BLESSING OF PALMS: Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of Fall River, opened the solemn celebrations of Holy Week with the blessing of palms for the Passion Sunday ceremonies. Assisting the Bishop were: Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan, Rector of the Cathedral; Rev. Msgr. Thomas J. Harrington, Diocesan Chancellor; Rev. Mr. Richard Roy, Deacon; Rev. Barry W. Wall, Assistant at the Cathedral; Rev. John J. Oliveira, Secretary to the Bishop.

The Catholic celebration of the Last Supper is not only an historical commemoration of Christ's expression of love and concern for his disciples. It is a more solemn and grateful offering of that Sacrifice that is repeated daily throughout the world's cathedrals, churches and chapels. The importance of Christ's presence' is again symbolized in the procession that will bring the Blessed Sacrament to a repository. The reminder of the tragic cross of Good Friday can only be disheartening and terrifying without the living presence of Christ. On Good Friday, the ritual sacrifice of the Last Supper becomes a very human offering of life as the picture of the crucified Christ tells of God's love and concern for man. Turn to Page Two

Bishop Homilist At Profession Of Carmelite Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of the Diocese of Fall River will be the principal celebrant and homilist at the concelebrated Mass to be offered at 6 o'clock on Tuesday evening, April 8 at the Solemn Profession and Veiling ceremony of Sr. Maria Bernarda of the Holy Spirit in the Monastery of Discalced Carmelites on Sol-E-Mar Road, So. Dartmouth. Sr. Maria Bernarda, who is 28 years of age and a native of Cuba, came to the United States in 1961. She entered the Carmelite community in 1970, after receiving her Master's degree in Spanish literature from St. John's University, Jamaica, N.Y.



'tHE ANCHORThurs., Mar. 27, 1975

Continued from Page One pected during the second consultation now in process, and a third which will take place in the fall of 1975. It has been estimated that there are over 600,000 copies of the first draft of the Directory in circulation at the present time. It was published the past December in English and Spanish. Documentation for the 1975 spring regional meetings sent to alI the bishop!> includes a booklet containing a list of discussion questions on the National Catechetical Directory, a "catechetical summary of the contents of the Directory and the first draft of the Directory itself.

'Bishops Deplore Marxjst Growth On Campuses SAN JOSE (NC)-The Costa Rican bishops have expressed "grave concern" that the nation's universities may be becoming "focal points of Marxist infiltration." The bishops' are worried because recent university elections were won, according to the bishops, by "minority parties of leftist ideology." They criticized Marxism as having "nothing in common with the special characteristics of the Costa Rican people." The bishops issued their warning one day before the start of the new school year here. "This event worries us above all because the great majority of the university population is formed by university professors and students of Christian ideology and practice whose lack of preoccupation and commitment has permitted the current situation," said the bishops who are generally regarded as conserv, ative. The bishops asked the university population to seek "authentic Christian solutions" to national problems. They urged that solutions be "illuminated by Gospel teachings by the Church's social message, by pontifical documents." State-Funded The University of Costa Rica, with 20,000 students, and the new National University, with about 2,500, are state-funded institutions. Those attending pay about half the tuition, which explains the predominance of the middle Class among the student population. Most of the rich study abroad. Active on both campuses are student branches of the three main political groups in the country: the social democrats from Liberacion Nacional, the incumbent party, the conservatives or Unificacion Nacional and the leftists, .including communists and socialists. In the 1974 elections for con· trol of the Federation of Uni· versity Students, which has a strong voice in administration and academic affairs, the leftist coalition took away from th'e social democrats their long-held control of the federation. Marxists have wide support among faculty members.

Teachers A teacher affects eternity; he can never telJ where his influ· ence stops. -Adams

Necrology APRIL 9 Rev. Cornel,ius McSweeney, 1919, Pastor, Immaculate Con· ception, Fall River . Rev. Edward F. Dowling, 1965, Pastor, Immaculate Conception, Fall River APRIL 10 Rev. John P. Doyle, 1944, Pastor, 51. William, Fall River THE ANCHOR Second Class Postage Paid at qiver. Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 Highl.nd Avenue, Fall Rliver. Mass. 02722 by the Catholic Prets of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mail, po~tp~ld $5.00 per year.


St. Anne Seminar Sparks Enthusiasm.

CAMP FIRE GIRLS HOLD INTER-FAlTO SERVICE: In celebrating their 65th birthday, members of the Camp Fire Girls Council held an interfaith service at the Primitive Methodist Church, Fall River. Members of Group 20 who hosted the affair were: Gail Ferry, Kim Gosson, Miss Ann Collard, leader; Karen Duval and Cathy Boscoe.

., The Great Triduum Begins Tonight Continued from Page One After a reading of the Old Te&tament .prophecies and a New Testament reading of the Passion, Christians will ritually enter the top of Golgotha and venerate on their knees the di-

vine expression of love for them. Again, the need of Christ in our lives is accentuated as Ohristians gratefully acknowledge His sacrifice and ratify His love in their reception of the Holy Eucharist.

Requires Effort Pope. Urges- Revitalized Family Life ~mid Social Decay VATICAN CITY (NC) - To had to be closed because large crowds overflowing 51. Peter's crowds had already filled it. Basilica on the Feast of St. Jo- Fleets of buses, four and five seph the Husband of Mary, Pope abreast, glutted the broad ave· Paul VI declared that Christian nue leading from S1. Peter's couple's must red;iscover and re- Square to the Tiber River. vivify Christian family values at The Pope .in his sermon chala time when pulllic morals are lenged Christian couples to "rechanging and even decaying. discover your vocation and your "To accept Christian living as destiny, to preserve the incoman entire program great parable human character and the effort," the Pope said. His words spontaneously religious charac-were carried by loudspeaker to ter of the Christian family, and thousands who stood in the rain to regenerate in your children outside. and in society the sense of the "The tradition of a home life spirit which raises the flesh to that is orderly, simple and un· its own leveL" adorned, good and ~appy, does not follow automatically today," College to Honor he observed. Pope Paul speaking especially New York Governor to families and to representaBUFFALO (NC) - Canisius tives of family life movements has announced that, it College who attended the Mass, said will award New York Gov. Hugh, that public behavior used to. be the defender of "social and do- L. Carey an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters Degree May 24.. mestic virtue." But now that is The 105-year-old Jesuit instichanging and "in certain ways is on the way toward dissolu- tution said it is honoring the governor and former U. S. repretion," he said. Laws governing family life . sentative "for many years of "are not always sufficient to service to the nation ... and for meet the demands of morality," his forward looking plans for the State of New York." he said. "The fundamental laws of the family-oneness, exolusi:veness, indissolubility - are under discussion. About 20,000 people jammed FUNERAL HOME, INC. the Basilica for the solemn Mass R. Marcel Roy - G. Lorraine Roy on the Feast of St. Joseph, an Roger LaFrance - James E. Barton Italian national holiday and also FUNERAL DIRECTORS the date on which Italians cel· 15 Irvington Ct. ebrate Fathers' day. New Bedford Before the Mass started at 10 995-5166 A.M., the gates of the basilica


But all of this WQuid even be too little for the modern world -foolish, says St. Paul-if it were not for the victory of Easter and the Resurrection. On Saturday evening, after a day of emptiness, Christians gather in the dark. A spark shows a glimmer of hope, the ritually prepared Easter Candle shows a path of light, a growing fire of countless tapers spreads the light and warmth of Christ into the darkest corners of the churches . Old Testament Prophecies and New Testament Readings echo the jubilant chant of the Exul· tet~Christ is Risen Choice vestments, careful decorations, intense lights, bounding organs, singing choruses repeat and echo the AlleluiaChrist is risen! All praise to God! Christ is even a little more present in our lives than last year! We have gotten to know Him just a little more! He -is just a little more real than last year! Yes, not only did he rise outside of Jerusalem 2,000 years ago-but He is risen again this year, here in our own lives-ALLELUIA, AL· LELUJoA, ALLELUIA-PRAISED BE GOD!


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A lenten seminar has ended with an enthusiastic call for an· other series for the Fall. Rev. Pierre E. Lachance, D.P., Assistant at S1. Anne Parish, Fall River, conducted the lenten series on A Mature Look at Christian Life and Morality, Sin and the Sacrament of Reconciliation. The formal followed a 45minute talk, a coffee break and a discussion period on chosen questions. Gratified by the attendance, participants responded with visible and expressed interest-even enthusiasm. Parishioners expressed the deside to further such series with a study of the Bible being the highest priority. A Fall seminar is now being planned on "How to Read the Bible."

Three Holy Name Leaders Named NEW YORK (NC) - Dominican Father Brendan Larnen, national director of the Holy Name Society, has named three priests as associate national spiritual directors. Each of the priests is Holy Name director in his own diocese. The three are Msgr. Francis Osborne of Los Angeles, ·Father John Bendix of New Orleans, and Father Thomas Montavon of Cleveland.

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THE ANCHORThurs., Mar. 27, 1975

Asks Churchmen Understand Role In Food Crisis

Sees Poverty Bar to Peace

ST. LOUIS (NC)-The Church should have a clear understanding of its purposes and potential as a leader in resolving the global food crisis, according to Father J. Bryan Hehir, associate secretary for International Justice, U.S. Catholic Conference. He said the Church should "avoid creating a kind of frustration in people by laying out a question with such humanitarian dimensions and not giving them any direction about how to deal with it." Father Hehir was in St. Louis at the request of the Archdiocesan Food for Life Committee. Speaking in .St. Louis University's Busch Memorial Center March 16,Father Hehir said that there are three levels of response to the food problem-public policy, private charity and personal efforts. Priorities and integration of those levels can be developed within the Church, he said. "There is a national policy ahead of us on food and it is a decision people have a right to say something about. Food policy is the most important question. "The Church can put that question out to the people-not decide it for them, but put it out there and listen to what people say-and then feed it back into the policy process, because the Church as an institution can testify, can speak publicly," Father Hehir said. Father Hehir said there are many U.S. food policies up for legislative· review this year·and it is important to make views known to elected officals in Washington. Ethical Issues

"We are the Arabs of food on the globe. We're the largest food exporting nation and we need to keep that in mind." Public Law (PL) 480 determines U.S. food aid and that legislative program is up for total review in the U.S. Congress. Also to be determined, he said, is the issue of a global food reserve as proposed by the World Food C<>nference in Rome last year; trade policies;' and the foreign aid program which has food aid dimensions to it. Ethical issues,· Father Hehir said, include the question of whether food assistance is charity or justice, the question of whether food should be treated as any other commodity, and the issue of responsibility to our neighbors.

National Liturgical Meeting Planned


DIOCESAN BI·CENTENNIAL COMMITTEE MEETS: Committee members meet for the first time to plan the role of the Diocese of Fall River inJcelebrating the 200th anniversary of our Declaration of Ind.ependence. Seated: Mrs. Richard Paulson of Taunton, president of the DCCW; Rev. Peter N.Graziano, committee chairman; Sr. Theresa Sparrow, RSM, Fall River, a member of the Diocesan Education Office. Standing: Rev. Edward E. Correia, Mt. Carmel Parish, New Bedford, representing the Priests' Senate; Rev. Giles Genest, MS, vice-provincial of La Salettes, Attleboro, religious; Rev. George W. Coleman of Centerville, Cape Cod representative; Vito Gerardi of New Bedford, president of the Diocesan St. Vincent de Paul Society.

NOTRE DAME (NC) - President Gerald Ford told an audience of more than 10,000 at the University of Notre Dame that peace cannot endure unless the world hunger and poverty questions are answered. The President said: "There is no safety for any nation in a hungry, iII-educated and desperate world." Warning against the trend toward isolationism, the President said that, despite inflation and economic problems at home, the United States must continue to aid the Third World of underdeveloped nations. He noted that the United ~tates has led the world in food aid to developing nations and must continue this type of assistance. The President said that he had recently increased the Food for Peace Program from "980 million to $1.6 billion and indicated that Notre Dame's president" Holy Cross Father Theodore M. Hesburgh, had influenced his decision.

23 Day H~ly Year Tour

Mission Helps on Basis of Need WASHINGT.ON(NC) -The Pontifical Mission for Palestine, known in Arabic as "the Hoiy Father's mission," operates "on the basis of need, not creed," the organization's president, Msgr. John G. Nolan, said here. "We are there to serve people regardless of who they areMoslems, Jews or Christians," said Msgr. Nolan, a priest of the Albany, N. Y. diocese.

supports in the Holy Land for in Palestine 2,000 years ago and the welfare of Christians and is still there today" and tbat that others. . .comm'unity'·s effectiveness in He referred to the Pope's ap- serving "the other communities ostolic exhortation of March with which it shares its home" 1974, which said that the "con- depends on the generosity of tinued survival" of the "Chris- "the Christians of' the whole tian community which originated world." Spiritual Director Rev. 1. Joseph Kierce

Author and Producer of The New England Passion Play "THE CH RISTUS."

"Although we are working in a political context, the Pontifical Mission does not concern itself with politics, because the polito ical is something we can't solve," he said. "We do concern ourselves with humanity." Tall, bespectacled and looking younger than his 51 years, Msgr. Nolan is also secretary of the Catholic Near East Welfare Association, a U. S. organization, which collects funds for the support of the missions the are under the jurisdiction of the Vat· ican's Congregation for Easternrite Churches. Msgr. Nolan was interviewed here after a Jan. 8 to Feb. 16 working visit to "Jerusalem and the occupied territories" - tbe West Bank of the Jordan River and Gaza,-Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and "other points in the Middle East." Before coming to the United States, he returned to the Pontifical Mission's Rome headquarters and had a private audience with Pope Paul VI.

BOSTON (NC)-The 1975 National Meeting of Diocesan Liturgical Commissioners has beert scheduled for Oct. 13-16 in Boston. Its theme will be "Parish Liturgy: American Style." The meeting, which is expected to draw diocesan liturgical officers from around the Msgr. Nolan stressed the imcountry, is cosponsored by the portance of the special collection Committee on the Liturgy of taken up in Catholic churches on the National Conference of Good Friday, at the direction of Catholic Bishops, the Federation the Pope, for the upkeep of the of Diocesan Liturgical Commis- Holy Places and for pastoral, sions and the Boston archdi- . charitable, educational, and social works which the Church ocese.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27, 1975


THese Jlnal Days

Plan Conference On Middle East

At this time one fact must be impressing itself upon . sincere Catholics: if they have not been particularly strin· gent with themselves during the past several weeks of Lent, then the anticipation of Easter is somewhat diminished and there must be an extraordinary intensity during these last few days to prepare fittingly for all that Easter has to offer. Easter is the story of contrasts-as, indeed, the reality is. There is life through and from death; there is triumph through and from defeat; there is rising from going down; fulfillment from denial of self. The reality of life and death and resurrection o,f Christ is meant to be applied to every person to bring about salvation. So this life must be re-lived within each person. Holy Week is not simply a recalling of a past event; it is the re-living of a reality that makes present and effective the saving action of Jesus Christ. It is Christ here and now and present and fctive among His people~ The individual must re-live the life and death and resurrection of the Lord. Obstacles to His presence and activity within oneself must be removed by sacrifice. An undue self-concern must be done away with by concern for others in the name of Christ and a giving to others because of Christ. The groundwork of one's soul must be prepared by prayer which gives spiritual health and brings about a greater awareness of God and His relation with His people. Hopefully, all this has been the work of these several weeks of Lent. But the work must be intensified during these final days so that the reality of Easter will indeed enter into the lives of God's creatures, making them His sons and daughters and the brothers and sisters of the Lord.

Long View of History A front-page reading of any daily newspaper is enough to dishearten any but the most incurable optimist. Deterioration' is' taking 'place"iil~ Southeast Asia, in Portugal, in the Middle East. It wquld be very easy for disillusionment and discouragement to set in. But these qualities of heart would not help the world situation one bit and would, in fact, do damage to the individual and his morale. Sometimes the long view of history is needed. For a person living at a particular time in ,a particular envirQnment, situations are always the most dramatic because they touch his life. But a long view would indicate that just about every age in the recorded history of mankind had its problems, and serious ones at that. There is really no period at which one can point to a picture of all sweetness and light.

"The Lord has indeed risen, alleluia. Glory and kingship be his for ever and ever."

GARRISON (NC)-A conference on the theme: "Can the Christian Churches Be a Force of Reconciliation in the Middle East?" is to be held here under the sponsorship of the Graymoor Ecumenical Institute on April 14-15. Atonement Father Charles Angell,associate director of the Graymoor Ecumeni,cal In~titute, will present the opening paper on the conference theme on AprH 14 and Melkite-rite Archbishop Joseph Raya, former archbishop of Akka, a diocese whose seat is in Haifa, in Israel. will make the second formal presentation on the same day. On the next day, James Wall, editor of Christian Century magazine, will conduct open discussion of the presentations and the theme. "The institute, in sponsoring this conference, hopes to make a contribution to a debate now recognized as a significant one within the Christian community," said Atonement Father Arthur F. Gouthro, institute director. "We hope to establish a dialog between those Christians interested in this area who frequently have no contact with each other." Father Gouthro said participation is by invitation only.

Vincentian Meeting




Holy Week 1975

St. William's Church

Members of the Greater Fall River Council of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul will meet at 7 P.M. at St. Anne's School, Forest St., FaH River, for celebration of Mass, followed by a business session at which Albert J. Michaud; 'executive director of the United Way Fund of Greater FaH River, will speak.

Adversity Adversity in the things of this world opens the door for spiritual salvation. -Toynbee "",""·""","<ll"""'''',II'"l.U'',,,.'\1., """"," ''''·w" """·'"U",,"Il'''',I'lllll'''.11

The army of the Israelites wanders at will through the still continue in the hearts of desert of the Sinai. The forces of the Egyptians continue to men. The mob still howls, the grow in strength and effectiveness. Over the mountains the ancient enemies sHll arm and Kings of the Persians' and the Arabians are mobilizing their peace still does not find place in the mind of man. forces in a continuous state stricted by the omnipresent milYet as Christians, we must of preparedness. From the Hary. From the praetorium to truly look forward to the light cedars of Lebanon to the Golgotha, the holy places are that will dispel the darkness. sands of the Saudi, military now forgotten relics in the chess The glimmer of ,hope that

pierces the dark night of our . hardware is in the focal point game of war. of every marketplace. Armies The rumble of tanks shake .own times and events must be are on alert, navies patrol the their very foundations. The cir- ·the new dawn of Easter morn. seas, terrorists ploy in darkness cling jets, like so many vultures 'f.hese days thus should be m?while history once more plays ignore the reality of their mean- . ments of renewal and reform m ing. thesouls. of the Christian wo~ld. its endless tape. The human spirit is strong and does endure. What was once thought to be Only the daring faithful few The deSire for true and ~astmg mere stories f,rom the Bible will pause and recall that these peace m~st never be bune.d ~y But there can never be a yielding to despair, to dis- again come to life in form and are the places that Jesus made the warrmg of. men or the mdlfcouragement, a surrendering to evil so that good is over- in deed. People are the sa'me Holy. Death, blood and ven- ference o~ ~atlons. only the means of death and geance still rise from the voices come by default. As ChrIstians we must never destruction are new. The ancient that echo through the gates of forget that the horro~ and ~he feuds, the national hates and the Jerusalem. The continual crud- bloodshed of the Lord s PassIOn personal fears still permeate the fixion of man by his fellow man and Death were followed by the very life blood of the peoples stHI seems to be the only an-' Iglocy and beauty of Easter., who walk the soil of the land !)wer that the gathering armies When .all seemed lost and even we call Holy. This is the .Holy , can shout and scream. Reason the faithful few sought refuge and truth, peace and justice, behind locked doors, the stone Land, this Holy Week. The few pilgrims who dare love and tolerance are concepts of the tomb. was roHe~ back OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER walk the Way of the Cross this that cannot be tolerated in the and the prom~se o.f new I!fe was made ,real: It IS thiS promise that Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River week will be guided and re- Holy Land this Holy week. should brmg new hope and new 410 Highland Avenue life to all men, women and chilFall River Mass. 02722 675-7151 Cross of SuHering Raised Again dren who live in the reality of As Christians throughout the Through, the liturgy of Holy Middle-East war. If there is one PUBLISHER world once more assemble to Week, the historic events are thought ,that should inf.1uence. our Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D. celebrate the glorious events of once more made alive and real. prayers and devotions as we GENERAL MANAGER FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATOR follow in the footsteps of the Rev. Msgr. Daniel F. Slialloo, M,A. Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan their salvation, they should re- As we celebrate the Agony in member in a very real way that the Garden, the last Supper and Master, it should be peace. Let ASSISTANT MANAGERS the Cross of &uffering ,is very walk the stations of the Cross us pray for the Peace of Jeru/tel'. John P. Driscoll Rev, John R. Foister much in evidence in the Holy we should remember that the salem, the peace of the Holy City. Passion and death of the Lord Land, this Holy Week. " , . . Leary Press-Fall Riv6;

And yet people of every age had lived and have recorded, before God and before men, individual and collective' stories of heroism and accomplishment and triumph over difficulties and obstacles.


WASHINGTON (NC- - The Senat...e has approved a $450 million appropriation for foreign food and nutrition assistance, nearly double the $234 million approved by the House. The two houses are expected to split the difference when a joint conference committee works out the final 1975 foreign aid appropriations bill. Both the House and Senate figures are below the $500 million authorized for the aid by both houses last December and below the $546 million requested by the Ford Administration. The House figure is below the $284 million appropriated for the 1974 fiscal year. The Senate Appropriation;, Committee had recommended a $350 million level for 1975, but the Senate by a 53-41 vote on an amendment offered by Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D-Minn.) raised the figure to $450 million. Part of Package Leading church figures had lobbied Congress to accept the highest appropriation possible. Those included Bishop James Rausch, general seoretary of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB) and the U. S. Catholic Conference (USCC); Kansas City, Kans., Archbishop Ignatius Strecker, pres·ident of the National Catholic Rural Life Conference; Father J. Bryan Hehir, associate secretary for International Justice and Peace for the USCC; and for the World, a New York-based ecumenical citizens' lobby concerned with the hunger issue. The low House appropriations was pushed by Rep. Otto Passman (DoLa.) of the House Appropriations Committee. PasSman claimed that the lower figure was sufficient because other money was "in the pipeline," or not yet spent, for similar programs. Several representatives argued that the higher budget request was made with the knowledge of the pipeline funds and was needed, but an amendment to raise the House figure was defeated 41-30. The food and nutrition aid is part of the larger general for.eign aid package, separate from the Food for Peace program, budgeted at $1.6 billion, including shipping charges, for the 1975 fiscal year.

Conference Names Staff Members WASHINGTON (NC) - The appointment of three new staff members in the Department of Social Development and World Peace of the U.S. Catholic Conference were announced March 20 by Bishop James E. Rausch, general secretary of the USCC. Mrs. Mangalam Srinivasan, a consultant working in the international development field, has been named adviser for Asian affairs and economic issues. Father Rollins Lambert, a priest of the Chicago archdiocese, has been named adviser for African affairs. Edward Doherty, a foreign service officer for 17 years, has been named adviser for industrialized countries and economic issues.


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27,1975

Senate Approves Food, Nutrition Foreign Aid

Crucifix Stolen from Church PALO ALTO (NC)-A Crucifix, valued at $12,000, has been stolen from the main altar of Stanford Memorial Church, Stanford University offoicials disclosed here. The cross, a mosaic set in solid gold, stands three feet high. It was once the personal property of Mrs. Leland Stanford and was created for her by the Salviati Studios of Venice, Italy. The corners bear detailed elevations of the four major basilicas of Rome; St. Peter's, St. John Lateran, St. Mary Major, and St. Paul's Outside the Walls. At the center of the cross is the Lamb of God, and on the bars

MYSTERY OF MASS: Members of the Worship Committee of St. Anthony of Padua parish, Fall River, will present "The Mystery of the Holy Mass," a medieval play enacted by the Munich MysteryPlayers, at 7:30 p.m. Friday, April 11 in the church sanctuary. Tickets are available at St. Anthony of Padua Credit Union, 722 Bedford St., Fall River.



Ecumenical Tour Catholic, Protestant Urge Reconciliation I n Northern Ireland NEW YORK (NC)-A Catholic carpenter and a Protestant housewife from strife-ridden Belfast have begun a two-week ecumenical tour of several.,U.S. cities to enlist the support of Americans for reconciliation in Nor-them Ireland. While "things are a lot better" than a year ago because of the cease-fire between the Provisional Irish Republic Army and Protestant extremists, according to Mrs. Derek (Anne) Sloan, whose husband's shop in Ardoyne has been bombed six times, there are a great many constructive projects and value structures that need rebuilding. Stating that the unsung heroes of the turmoil are ordinary housewives and workers, her companion on the tour, Sean Cooney, bitterly attacked politicians on both sides during a press conference sponsored by Colleagues from American Churches, Inc., sponsor of the visit. "Some of them are so crooked that when they die, they'll have to be screwed into the ground instead of buried," he hissed bit· terly. Mrs. Sloan, 39, who in 1972 helped organize the Community 'Shop on the north side of Belfast as a "reconciling" center which last summer spearheaded 108 events for 6, 764 Protestant and Catholic children, is herself the rriother of two teen-agers, Linda, 15, and Gillian, 13. She said that in the early stages of starting the shop "we don't sell anything" -Coon~ attended a meeting. He spoke of a group of Americans who. wanted to help. "To tell the truth, I thought it was a big laugh," she grinned. The Americans, it turned out, were a group of Catholic and Protestant leaders who, with-

out much money, were getting the word around to the backpack generation of their churches that they could make a major contribution to justice, peace and reconciliation by assisting summer projects in Northern Ireland. In three years, the religious leaders, now formed into Colleagues from American Churches, Inc., of Wayne, Pa., have paved the way for 60 young volunteers to work in Northern Irish proF ects. Co-directors of Colleagues are Jesuit Father David Bowman of the National Council of ,Churches and the Rev. Wesley C. Baker, pastor of the Wayne Presbyterian church. "These young ambassadors from the United States did a magnificent job," Mrs. Sloan commented. They played a major role, for instance, in getting 12 community groups "who previously would not have walked on the same side of the street" to use the Community Shop as' a meeting place.

Prelate Stresses Need for Prayer NEWARK (NC)-Archbishop Peter L. Gerety of Newark stressed the importance of prayer when he became the first head of the Newark archdiocese ever to preach from the pulpit of Old First Church, the oldest church in the city. Founded in 1666, Old First is a Presbyterian church, but it serves an interdenominational weekday congregation of ·up to, 200 through its daily noontime service. The church is located in the city's business district, a block from Archbishop Gerety's office at the Newark Chancery. The a,rchbishop was invited to give the lenten service by the Rev. Dr. Lloyd George Schell, pastor.

are the Sacred Heart, the ChiRho monogram of Christ, and the instruments of the Passion. The cross was installed on the main altar when the church was dedicated in 1903. It survived the earthquake of 1906. Prof. Lorenz Eitner, head of Stanford Univ:ersity's art department, in placing its value at $12,000, said, "But it really is 'irreplaceable because the artisans are not around any more who could duplica,te it." Sheriff's investigators are looking for a suspect who is said to have tried to sell the missing crucifix to antique dealers in the area.

When are you happiest? Happiness lies in giving. You're happiest when you give yourself to the people who need you most. •.. A mother, for instance, hums with happiness when she bathes and dresses her baby. A good nurse always has time for a smile. Good fathers whistle at their work..•. The best sort of giving involves more than writing checks-still, how b.etter can you help the children now who need you overseas? Boys and girls who are blind, lepers, deaf-mutes, orphans-your money gifts, large and small, will feed them, teach them, cure them, give them a chance in life..•. Want to be happier this Easter? Give some happiness to a child. Vou'll be happy, too!

... .~


In Erumathala, south India, a young Indian girl in training to be a Sister of the Destitute will learn, among other things, how to care for orphans. Her training costs $300 all told ($12.50 a month. $150.00 a year), a small investment for a Sister's lifetime of service. Like to be her sponsor? We'll send you her name and she will. write to you. .~


For only $200 in Ernakulam you can build a decent house for a family that now sleeps on the sidewalks. Simply send your check to us. Cardinal Parecattil will write to thank you also.





Brighten the heart of a blind boy in the Gaza Strip (where Samson lived). $3 gives him shoes, $5 clothes, $10 a set of braille readers!

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27, 1975

New Legislation On Charities

God of Glo,ry Much Nicer Tha,n Go,d of Grief The Transfiguration is a nice, comfortable concept. It's rather pleasant to think about Christ on Mount Tabor, looking like a God. It made it so easy for the Apostles who were there to love and admjre Him. Some days it seems I have a"Mount Tabor faith." U's a much simpler life if you A Christ transfigured is adhave leaders who look like gods mirable. His link with Heav- -who can supply all the anen is apparent. And it's a swers.

much cleaner, neater Christ than the poor roaming preacher who consorted with all sorts of undesirables.


After all, if you want a Christ, you want one you can be proud of - one above criticism. Sometimes we want to show off our Christ like a pet dog who is much more valuable, preened . . . with a pedigree ... an Infant of Prague complete with jeweled crown and ermine cape. The lesson of the Transfiguration is valuable. It brings out men's love of Christ in a very pleasant, esthetic-almost antiseptic-sort of way. , Another Mount But there was another Mount -a Mounf tha1 showea Chrises love for us. This was a different Christ from the one shining in glory. . This one was dirty, battered, beaten, despised-betrayed by a follower, denied by his best friend - a criminal stumbling through the dust. It's difficul to admire such a Christ. No one wants a leader who looks like a loser. It's much nicer to have a God of Glory than a God of Grief. We'd rather have our God transfigured . . . the God of Glory. We show it in how we follow what Christ taught. He was born in a stable-we build him golden cathedrals. He wore a peasant's rough clothing -we dress our "gods" in red silks and white lace. He worked amidst the poor-we toss them crumbs from ivory towers. When one of our bishops abandons his mansion to live in a simple house and work among the people, his actions make news in all the papers ... as a man with two heads would make news. He's an oddity! Why? Because we want that Tabor image in our Church. We want our leaders robed in glory, arrayed in splendor. We make "strange" gods before us"

Final State "Faith maintains this principle and we must believe it: Neither the soul nor the human body suffers complete annihilation; the wicked arise again for punishment beyond imagination. while the good rise again for everlasting life."-St. Augustine. "De Doctrina Christiana I, 21, 19. (Fourth century)

The Christ of Tabor is easy to follow. But times are hard now. Most of us are forced to reasses, retrench, rethink - and, God knows, we need Him now. Searching for Him now, we find Him clawing to stay on His feet -on the road to Calvary. That Christ was not an administrator in a $300 suit, sitting in a plush office, expounding theories that make no sense. On that road to Calvary, He was one of us-showing that life can seem to go bankrupt sometimes. Whatever problems we face, ',Yhatever difficulties we encounter, whatever hardships we endure, however low we have been thrown-or sunk-on the scale of human values ... we can be sure we will go no lower than He did. And if we believe in Him, He'll reach from His cross to ours-take our hand and show us how we can rise with Him on Easter morning. Without Good Friday, Easter would have been just another Mount Tabor. '". That Mount Tabor. God may be' okay when things are going well. But when times are tough, we need the Christ of Calvarya suffering God who loves us. And maybe, if we find Him on Golgotha, we'll start to be real Christians. Happy Easter.

Abortion Alternative Counselling Urged. NEW YORK (NC)-The chairwoman of the New York State Right to Life Committee has expressed the hope that girls faced with proble~ pregnancies will, because of recent revelations of whaf abortion involves, make use of services counselling alternatives to abortion. The chairwoman, Mrs. Johanna Jankowski, expressed horror at the recent revelation that an abortion was performed on a teenage girl on March 3 in Kingston Hospital, Kingston, N.Y., without the consent of the girl's parents. Mrs. Jankowski said that, after the abortion, the girl was given a room near the infant nursery. Alone in the room, the girl was told that the dead baby was too large for the hospital to dispose of and that she would have to arrange for the baby's burial, Mrs. Jankowski said, The girl's parents are instituting a lawsuit against the doctor, the hospital and others who participated in the abortion. They have stated that the emotional trauma the girl is now experiencing would have been averted if the doctors and the hospital had followed required procedure and consulted them.

SOMEONE TO TALK TO: Retired teacher Sister Agnes McGirr, 78, talks with a patient at Calvary Hospital in the Bronx, a facility for advanced cancer patients. The Sister of Charity of Mount St. Vincent is one of four nuns who volunteer to work in pastoral care projects, medical library jobs or a recreation program. Said Sister Agnes: "The patients feel that someone is taking time out to talk to them. We all enjoy this work because we feel we are serving God by serving our neighbors." NC Photo.




Cardinal Urges Bridge Between Spiritual," Institutional Church COLLEGEVILLE (NC)-There :is; a great need today for a bridge between the visible ,insti'tution of the Church and its invisible side, Cardinal Leo Suenens of Malines-Brussels in Belgium told an audience at St. John's University here in Minnesota. In a lecture devoted to show,ing the compl~mentary sides of the institutional, decisional Church and ,the inner spiritual workings of the Church the cardinal said that we have tended in the past to stress the physical aspects. The time has come, he said, to put stress on the spiritual side which was so much a focus of the Second Vatican Council. But, he added, the two sides must come together in unity. "There is not such a thing as on one side a charismatic Church and on the other an institutional Church" he said. "There is only one Church, tqere is only one Body of Christ." Cardinal Suenens was at. St. John's to receive the university's highest honor, the Pax Christi award, for his "Spiritual leadership" and his contribution to a pastoral emphasis and the breadth of his theological vision. "We are in a springtime of the Church," the cardinal said, "and we must be open to what is going on. Something is happening and we must approach it in a spirit of faith, of prudence, and in a spir~t of wisdom." The cardinal stressed that the institutional, visible Church had its own important contribution to make and that this should not be underestimated. He cited three areas where it was necessary to recognize it. "The institution brings to

Church life continuity and fidelity .to the past; it brings a sort of discernment to the present; and it brings credibility for the future," he said. "The institutional Church gives to all spiritual activity that security of being rooted in traditions of the past. We need fidelity to the past. The Holy Spirit preserves a living tradition; the Spirit is conservative in the noble sense of the word. And it ,is important to be conscious of that. "When I say 'I believe,' 1 must believe with Peter, Paul, with Mary, wijjh those who were there at the first Pentecost. I must believe with the faith of the confessors, the martyrs, doctors and Fathers of the Church . .. Fidelity to the past is the first service that the institutional Church gives to the charismatic renewal in our world today."

Sadness On no account give way to sadness, the enemy of gevotion. -St. Francis de Sales

HARTFORD (NC)-Legislation that would limit the amount of money charities can spend on administrative costs has been . introduced in the general assembly here by Connecticut's Department of Consumer Protection. All charities soliciting within the state would be required to spend at least 70 per cent of their budgets on actual charitable work. Charities that sell merchandise or hold benefits would be required to spend at least 50 per cent of the proceeds on charity work. Professional fundraisers would also be required to disclose "upon request" how much they earn from charitable agencies. The bill provides for revocation of permits to solicit for charities that misrepresent their status or fail to spend the minimum amount on charitable work. The state already demands a financial statement from each charity that solicits from Connecticut residents.

Pastor in Residence Named at College ROME (NC) - A pastor from a suburban Maryland parish near Washington has been named pastor-in-residence for the 1975-76 academic' year at the North American College here, the residence for students training for the diocesan priesthood of the United States. Msgr. Thomas Duffy, pastor of St. Raphael's Church in Rockville, . Md., wilf' take over the pastor - in - residence program. Each year a pastor from some part of the United States is invited to spend a year at the college to share experience of actual parish life with the seminarians.


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Easter Rites Really Change Whe,n Tots Belcome Teens

Thurs., Mar. 27, 1975

C'anadians Sign Pro-Life Drive

If you're doing last minute Easter shopping and you're in despair because you can't find a pair of Mary Janes for your youngest young lady or a small enough pair of white gloves for another-cheer up and enjoy. The day will come in the not so distant future when your children will re- at least the liHle children will still be dresf>ed up in Easter spond to Easter shopping bonnets and tiny patent shoes. with a "not me" attitude. With all the changes in obserOh, they just might buy them a new pair but they'll be a far cry ones you were able

let you of shoes from the to coax


them into when they were younger. I remember buying Jason a pair of green suede shoes in the Italian section of Boston, when he was three or four. They were a work of art craftsmanwise, and they also had the advantage of being pullons, so they never came untied. If I tried to put them on him now, at the delightful age of nine, the protest would be heard in MOf>cow. Now we have to buy what the "other guys are wearing." Bygone Days There were many Easters when Holy Saturday evening found me putting the finishing touches on the girls' Easter outfits (a task I'm sure many other mothers also enjoyed), but despite the hard work involved in creating your children's Easter outfits there was alf>o a great deal of satisfaction that next morning when you realized that you had made them yourself. Well the days of the little checked coats with ma.tching hats have come and gone. My daughters now pick out their own outfits and I don't even have to get involved, other than paying for them, but it's not as much fun any more. Hopefully this Easter Sunday

Centenary of Naming first American Cardinal NEW YORK (NC)-Pope Paul VI, in a message to Cardinal Terence Cooke of New York, has noted the 100th anniversary of the ap"ointment of America's first cardinal. Pope Paul said that the naming of Archbishop John McCloskey of New York as a cardinal on March 15, 1875, was "public attestation of the maturity of the Catholic community (i~ the United States) and a gesture of genuine friendship toward the whole nation." Archbishop McCloskey was made a cardinal by Pope Pius IX. Pope Paul called that honor accorded to Archbishop McCloskey an event that was "destined to set a seal on the close union existing between "the Church in the United States and the Apostolic See." The Pope described the "happy relationship between American Catholics and the Successor of Peter" as a source of "vitality and vigor over the years."

vance of Lent and Easter it is comforting to hang on to some of the familiar traditions. ,Lenten rules have relaxed, "giving up" something for Lent has become more of a· personal decision than a penance for everyone. While the changes ·are meaningful, I do admit that I mif>s the old Lent almost as much as I miss the Easters when th'e ch'ildren believed in the Easter Bunny. Take it from an old pro-enjoy the problems of Easter planning for the pre-teen set, hectic shopping trips and too many candy baskets-they're gone too soon.

Divorce Controversy Mounts in Brazil RIO DE JANEIRO (NC)-Controversy has been raging throughout this predominantly Catholic nation over attempts to legalize divorce, with bif>hops vigorously urging preservation of the constitutional ban on divorce. On the other hand, Archbishop Aloysius Lorscheider of Fortaleza was widely quoted by the press as saying: "The Church will not embark in an antidivorce campaign." A spokesman for the Brazilian Bishops' Conference, apparently explaining this, f>aid the bishops would not "undertake open opposition to whatever legislation congress enacts." Over 90 per cent of Brazil's 104 million people profess the Catholic religion. The Bl'azilian constitution calls marriage "indissoluble." It says: "The family if> established by the indissoluble bond of marriage and has the right to the special protection of the state."

Chaplains' Organization Marks First Decade WASHINGTON (NC) - The National Association of Catholic Chaplains (NACC), established in 1965, has published a 7I-page history of the organization's first 10 years. NACC, headquartered here, is an association of individual chaplains and a federation of various chaplaincy groups serving in general health care facilities, mental hospitals, geriatric facilities and correction institutions. "The History of the National Association of Catholic Chaplains" gives an overv·iew of the NACC with special emphasis on certain key figures in its formation and organization, provides a statistical view of the growth and development of NACC and in a section called the Biography, highlights key executives of NACC, including its executive secretaries and members of the board of examiners, who play an important role in certification and accreditation of chaplains.


THE KELLYS LEAVING: Dr. and Mrs. John S. Kelly pose in the doorway of their suburban Chicago home before their departure for Ireland. Dr. Kelly refuses to support with his tax money what he calls "massive killing" brought on by legalization of abortion. NC Photo. .

Christian Ideal Pope Paul Says Today's Family Life Healthier, Stronger VATICAN CITY (NC) - The family "is healthier and stronger than certain people would have us believe," Pope Paul VI asserted March 12, while warning that to proclaim the f>tandard of Christian marriage "is more nec· essary than ever." The Pope said: "Today's society acce,ts and encourages a relaxation of morals. Here and there, civil laws observe this and foster it, which obliges Christians to a heightened spiritual and moral vigor. "Conditions of housing, work and environment weigh heavily on family life, and everything possible must be done to improve these conditions." The Pope was speaking to about 30.000 pilgrims and tourists who jammed the two papal general audiences he has been holding weekly on Wednesdays to accommodate crowds attracted by the 1975 Holy Year. He was speaking especiaUy to members of the Vatican's Committee for the Family, which was concluding a series of meetings here. He continued: "But the institution of the family itself is healthier and stronger than certain people would have us believe. And the Christian ideal of marriage remains possible: it is more necessary than ever to proclaim it and to strengthen the good will of couples and marriage pre~ara­ tion courses in this regard." The Pope praised his Committee on the Family for "the care and courage with which you prepared and guided the interventions of the Holy See's delegation" at the UN-sponsored World Population Conference, held last August in Bucharest. The president of the Committee for the Family, Canadian Bishop Ed-

ouard Gagnon, headed the Vatican delegation to that conference. He told the committee that it was "contributing to insuring the Church's witness in this important area." Since marriage is "capable of expressing the union between Christ and the Church," the Pope observed, "the Church stresses equally the moral delicacy of the state of marriage, the dignity of the relations between man and woman and the responsibility of spouses." He added: "Conjugal love must not only master instinct but must ceaselessly surmount selfishness." He said the "common dynamism" resulting from conjugal love "is placed at the service of others: of the child to be born, of the family, of society, of the Church."


MEUNSTER (NC)-A spokesman for the Committee of One Million said her group is nearing its goal of a million signatures on its pro-life petition to parliament. Ms. Mamie de Varent, who was on a nationwide tour to promote the petition, said that in a Gallup poll taken a year ago, "more Canadian~ felt it was too easy to get an abortion under the present law than felt it was too hard," She said that since the present broadened abortion law was enacted ill 1969, more than 170,000 abortions have been performed in Canadian hospitals. "The rate keeps increasing every year," said Ms. de Verent, an Anglican. She estimated that the additional 80,000 signatures required to bring the petition over the million mark would be collected within a couple of months. The petition asks parliament "to enact legislation providing for the child conceived but not yet born the same protection provided for any other person," It was prompted, she said, by a lack of response in parliament and the mass media to a previous anti-abortion petition bearing 350,000 signatures. "This expression of concern by Canadians was largely ignored by the media. Perhaps not every member of parliament was aware of it. "So at the time of our Festival of Life in November of 1973, several member of parliament suggested that we collect a really massive petition: When you think o~ a numbetl ~hat is massive you always think of a million."

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Aids Refugees I n So. Vietnam

tHE ANCHORThurs., Mar. 27, 1975

Some Cathol ics See Bloodbath If British Go BELFAST (NC) - Despite a widespread belief among Catholics in Northern Ireland that total British withdrawal would be the beginning of an end to the <:onflict here, many prom路 inent Catholics believe a bloodbath, and not a solution, would follow. They also fear that most of the blood spilled would be Catholic. Bishop William Philbin of Down and Connor, whose See includes Belfast, is one of them. He holds that the British presence is necessary in the six counties that comprise Northern Ireland. Bishop Philbin's consistent criticism of the use of violence l}as not endeared him to the Catholic community. Yet he maintains -that much of the turmoil in Northern Ireland has been precipitated by extremist Protestant organizations. In an interview with NC News in his residence, Bishop Philbin said many have been killed ':simply because they were Catholic." 'Early in March, Bishop Philbin preached at the funeral of one, Michael Convery, a 21-yearold education student with no political connections. Means of Survival "When someone is marked out for. death merely because of the way in which he worships God, because of his kind of allegiance to Christ," the bishop said on that occasion, "murder takes on the additional complexion of blasphemy." Many 'Catholic militants see violence as absolutely necessary as a means of survival - given the violence inflicted on the Catholic community by Loyalist Protestants, those loyal to British rule. The alternative, they maintain, is pure pacifism, even in . the face of threats against their wives and children. The bishop, while granting that pacifism is not required of anyone, contends that violent men are using the survival issue as a smokescreen while they actually pursue power. "If anyone !iaid to me: 'I have something somewhere to defend myself with, but I'd only use it if attacked,' I couldn't say no to that man. I think, however, that they are using that type of situation as a reason for having a mobilized, secret army to engage in offensive activities."

Assert Federation Strong, Vital Force ST. PETERSBURG BEACH (NC)-After eight years the National Federation of Priests' Councils (NFPC) is still a strong and vital force in the Church and the American priesthood, according to several "elder statesmen" - priests who have been active in the federation almost since its inception in 1967. In separate interviews with NC- News at the NFPC's eighth annual meeting here March 1013, four NFPC veterans agreed that the primary value of the federation lies in its role as the only national forum and voice for American priests.


~Members of the second grade at St. Francis Xavier ART PROJECT IN ACUSHNET: School, Acushnet make effigies of themselves during a class art project. Left to right: Judith O'Leary, James Coppa and Gregory Rosario.

Expect Canonization of Scottish Martyr GLASGOW (NC) - Scotland blood for him. But in the things He was raised a Calvinist, but seems almost certain to have its of spiritual jurisdiction which a was sent to study at a Catholic first canonized saint since the king unjustly seizes I cannot and college on the continent. Con13th century within a year. He must not obey." fused by religious controversies, King James VI of Scotland, the young man decided for the is Blessed John Ogilvie, a Jesuit who was executed at Glasgow who also became King of En- Catholic Church on grounds that gland as James I, wanted Scot- it could embrace all kinds of Cross in 1615. Archbishop Thomas J. Win- land to follow the Church of people and inspired men and ning of Glasgow safd on Radio England model. The king's pol- women of every class to despise Clyde, Glasgow's local radio icy was at odds not only with worldliness. But once a Catholic station: "I would say it's almost Catholics but with Presbyterians. . and a Jesuit (he was ordained in a certainty - given the Holy . Blessed John Ogilvie was born 1610 in Paris) he became a forFather's approval-that he will in Banffshire in 1579 or 1580. midable controversialist. be canonized within 12 months and possibly much sooner." The archbishop was being interviewed shortly before the annual Ogilvie Walk when thousands of Scots walked through VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope ing, those in need, the handithe streets of the city to a spe- Paul VI, meeting March 17 with capped, and incurably ill and all cial service. about 450 Knights of Colum'lus those on the margin of society If Blessed John is canonized and their families, exhorted and who are without voice." he will be the first Scottish saint them to give "testimony to the Continuing his English-language since Queen Margaret of Scot- sanctity of life in all its stages," address, the Pope said: "May land in 1250 and St. William of even to the verge of the tomb. your homes be centers of love Rochester (which is in England), The Pope told the Knights of and prayer in which the new who was born in Perth, Scot- Columbus from the United generation will learn by love and land, in 1256. He is the only States, Canada and Puerto Rico example to appreciate the gift recognized martyr of post-refor- in Rome on a Holy Year pilof faith and the dignity of marmation Scotland. grimage: riage and the family." No official announcement has "We hope that you will alHe said he hoped that "in the been made about a miraculous ways lend upright and dynamic joy .of your Christian homes, cure. but it is known that one case has' been under rigorous leadership in the communities in new vocations may be found for which you live. We hope that the Church of tomorrow." study. as a body you will address yourFear has been expressed that selves to the great religious and The Pope noted that he is percanonization of Blessed John moral questions of the day; that sonally aware of their "good Ogilvie would only reopen old your voice will be heard and works" and had seen at firstwounds, recalling the days of that your witness will be effec- hand "the deeds of charity perreligious persecution at a mo- tive in those issues that are de- formed by your colleagues for ment when the Scottish churches cisive for mankind." those in need." have been drawing closer toDuring the special audience gether in friendship and underThe audience was held in the for the Knights of Columbus the Constitution Hall of the ApostOlstanding. Pope urged them to defend not But Catholic ecumenists have only the sanctity of life in all ic Palace. emphasi~ed that Blessed John its stages but also "the rights Ogilvie died for a principle that of all to share in the gift of all Christians can share: the God's creation." spiri,tual freedom of the Church He asked them to work espevis-a-vis the state. Although cially for the "poor, the sufferfirst accused of celebrating Mass, the charge against him Art 7 Perry was changed to refusal to ac.:I.=:. knowledge the king's jurisdicThose who by their art desire Avenue to serve the Truth which is tion in spiri,tual matters. He declared under examina- Christ are not pursuing a partic.TauntonMass. tion: "In all that concerns the ular human end but a.divine end, king I will be slavishlv obedient. an end as. universal as God Him822-2282 self. If any attack his temporal power, I will shed my last drop of -Jacques Maritain

Pope Urges Knights of Columbus To Defend Life 'In All Stages'

VATICAN CITY (NC)-Pope Paul VI has sent to the bishops' conference of South Vietnam money to aid refugees, along with a telegram to the bishops of several besieged dioceses there expressing his sorrow at their plight. The amount of money sent to the bishops was not disclosed immediately by the Vatican. The Pope's telegram, sent in French to the archbishop of Hue and to the bishops of Danang, Kontun, Nhatrang, Quinhon and Dalat, was the third such message in a week sent to war-torn areas in Southeast Asia. The message, sent by Cardinal Jean Villot, papal secretaary of state, read: "The Holy Father deeply affected by the situation of the peoples of your dioceses, placed in precarious positions by the deplorable aggravation of conflict, profoundly associates himself with their new trial and begs the Lord that they will find safety, help and comfort." "He sends to you, to the priests and Religious an:l seminarians and to the faithful entrusted to your ministry a special apostolic blessing." Some of the dioceses to which the telegram was sent are in an area recently ceded by South Vietnam to. occupation forces. Others are in areas where South Vietnam's position is very tenuous.

Plan to Observe Farm Worker Week WASHINGTON (NC) - The U.S. CathQlic Conference, the Synagogue Council and the National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA have issued a call to their member churches to participate in the second annual observance of Farm Worker Week, May 4-10. Churcbes and synagogues are expected to join in services and special events focused on the needs of the country's two million seasonal and migrant farm workers. Each of the three religious organizations will be sending information on Farm Worker Week to their constituents. Canadian religious groups also will be participating in the 1975 Farm // Worker Week. ELECTRICAL Contractors



'Our Heating Oils Make Warm Friends'

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27, 1975

TWENTY-THIRD ANNUAL ACIES CEREMONY: Active and auxiliary members of the Legion of Mary gathered on Sunday afternoon in St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall River to renew their consecration to Mary, the Mother of God. Left: Bishop Cronin addresses the congregation with Rev.

High Court Acts On School Aid, Abortion Laws WASHINGTON (NC) - The U.S. Supreme Court has issued a temporary restraining order against the most restrictive state abortion law now in effect and has agreed to rev,iew a case involving state aid to colleges with religious affiliations. The court issued the injuncLion against a Missouri law, which restricts abortion by requiring parental consent for abortions on minors and the consent of a husband for a wife's abortion, requires the informed consent of a woman before an abortion, bans abortion by saline injection and makes the intentional killing of a live fetus second degree murder. The school aid case involving a Maryland law providing aid to 18 private colleges, including five with religious affiliationsfour Catholic, one Methodist. The law was challenged by the American Civil Liberties Union and Protestants and Other Americans· for Separation of Church and State. Both groups claimed the law was unconstitut'jonal because the religious schools displayed religious symbols in classrooms and some instructors wore clerical garb. The la,w was upheld by a lower District Court which said the purpose of the law was to aid all private schools, not specifically religious sohools. The court also sa,id the religious schools involved were "substantially autonomous." The law speC'ified that aid funds would not be used for sectarian purposes and the religiousaffiliated colleges said it would not be.

Our Age The great characteristic of our age is not its love of religion but its love of talking about religion. -Fulton Sheen

Msgr. Thomas J. Harrington, diocesan chancellor and spiritual director ofthe Legion seated in the sanctuary. Right photo: Legion members renew the act of consecration at the Vexillum.

• Zaire Church Faces Suppression In ROME (NC) - The Catholic Church in Zaire faces outright persecution and virtual suppression should President Mobutu Sese Seko carry out his threat to close down every Roman Catholic church in that African country, according to reports arriving here. Mobutu's announced plan is to' elevate the People's Movement of the Revolution to the status of a church an::! to promote "Mobutism" as a national ancestor-worship church of African "authenticity," with himself as messiah. He has already taken over all schools, most of which were operated by the Catholic Church or other Christian churches. All religious teaching except Mobutism has been banned in schools. He has suppressed the faculties of theology in the national uni-

versity, and replaced crucifixes and photographs of the Pope by pictures of himself. Church publications and broadcasts have been banned along with Catholic youth organizations. His warning that he would close all Catholic churches was delivered Feb. I in the capital city of Kinshasa. Speaking to a capacity crowd in the stad,ium, he declared that the formal statements issued by the bishops of Zaire at the end of their Jan. 6-12 meeting here were tracts against the radicalization of the revolution. All 47 bishops of this former Belgian Congo, who include only eight whites, signed the two declarations to which Mobutu took exception. The first statement complained of "one-s'ided termination of agreements." It ordered with-

Pilgrimage Set For Handicapped' CLEVELAND (NC) Five hundred pilgrims from the United States are expected to join 9,000 other pilgrims in Rome Oct. 24-30 in a Faith and -Light Pilgrimage for the mentally and physically handicapped. The U. S. delegation, which wilI leave from Cleveland's' Hopkins International Airport, will be led by Father James P. O'Donnell, Cleveland diocesan Catholic Youth Organization director, and Father Philip P. Pritt, Cleveland diocesan Apostolate to the Mentally Retarded director. : According to Father O'Donnell, many seats are still available for the Rome trip, which 1s open to the handicapped 'and their friends, relatives, doctors and nurses. The pilgrimage cost of $450 a person, he said, includes round trip air fare, housing,food, and transportation cost in Rome. The priest s~lid initial responses included pilgrims from Alabama, Massachusetts, New


York, Iowa, and Pennsylvania. He is also asking for volunteers in each state to act as coordinators for the pilgrimage. In addition to asking for an immediate response to reserve flights, Father O'Donnell said he is seeking philanthropic contributions to the Faith and Light ,Pilgrimage to allow "those unable to financially afford the experience the opportunity to go." He also said he hopes the group will represent an ecumenical cross-section of faiths and

drawal of all priests from schools where they had been teaching religion before Mobutu abolished such teaching in public schools. Priests and Religious were authorized of the bishop's statement to continue· as directors of confiscated schools "only as substitutes and only until the end of the present scl}ool year" in June. The second declaration said: "Certain facts generate a feeling of uneasiness: such as the secularity of the state proclaimed by the Constitution and the principle of recourse to authenticity, which appear to be understood in an anti-religious sense and opposed to the Christian religion ...

"n is therefore expedient to recall the fact that secularity does not mean either laicism or religious indifference. The state must respect and protect the religious convictions of all citizens (Revised Constitution, title II, Articles 12 and 18)."

Exhort Aga inst Aiding Gunmen -DUBLIN (NCh-The president and the prime minister of the Republic of Ireland, their St. Patrick's, Day messages to Irish emigrants around the world, appealed to them to withhold support for organizations advocating violence. President Cearbhall O'Dalaigh (pronounced Carool O'Dawly) recaIled the ancient Irish poet Oisin, who "brilliantly defends the warlike v,irtues of the Fianna (warriors), but reluctantly, in the end, accepts the superiority of the new and gentle creed of peace." In his message, Prime Minister Liam Cosgrave said: "I would ask our kindred abroad not to be deceived into giving support to organizations preaching' violence as the only solution of our country's problems. My government firmly be.Jieves that, far from proving a solution to the problems of this island, violence has, in fact, had the opposite effect."


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Volpe Sees Pope VATICAN CITY (NC)-U. S. Ambassador to Italy John Volpe was received in private audience March 21 by Pope Paul VI. Vatican and U. S. Embassy officials alike stressed that the meeting was unofficial and personal. An Embassy spokesman said that the audience was simply the ambassador's yearly visit to the Pope.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27, 1975

The Parish Parade Publicity chairmen of Darish orlanizations are asked to submit news items for this column to The Anchor, P. O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722. Name of city or town shOUld be included, as well as full dates of all activities. Please send news of future rather than past events.


of Eternity Gleamed' In Maritain Magnanimity


It is almost two years since Jacques Maritain died, at the age of 90. The foremost Christian philosopher of the age, he will surely be in time the subject of a full-length biography. Julie Kernan has written a book about him, "Our Friend, Jacques Maritain" (Doubleday, 277 Park Ave., through which the light of eternity gleamed. New York, N.Y. 10017. 192 Raissa suffered a stroke and pages. Illustrated, $7.95), died in 1960. Thereafter, Jacques

which she styles "a personal memoir." Another book, Jacques Maritain: Homage in Words and Pictures (Magi Books, 33 Buck-




ingham Drive, Albany, N. Y. 12208. 64 pages. Illustrated. $12.95), is the work of John Howard Griffin and Yves R. Simon. . Maritain was born in Paris in 1882. He was baptized a Protestant, but as he went through school he abandoned religion and became an agnostic, perhaps even (in his own view) an athe· ist. At Sorbonne he met Raissa Oumansoff, a Russian Jew, who was to become his wife. At one point the young couple desponded- over what seemed the meaninglessness of existence and planned to commit suicide. But their lives were changed by three remarkable men, Charles Peguy, Henri Bergson, and Leon Bloy. It was Bloy especially who brought them to confront the question, and then to accept the reality, of God. His ardent faith struck sparks in them, and he was their sponsor when they were received into the Catholic Church in 1906. Personal Qualities A Dominican priest, Humbert Clerissac, introduced Raissa to the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas. This discovery she shared with Jacques. And it was thus that they began that intensive study of Aquinas and that applicatiOh of his wisdom to the prOblem.;.,' ,',l"of modern thought which' 'to be Jacques lifework. ',,", The ,Maritains had a genius for friends~~;, People of all sorts gravitat~ to them. These included cifebrated artists, com· posers, pOets, as well as figures in public,.life. But they were as attractive and attentive to simple folk with no intellectual pretensions. It is the personal qual· ities of Jacques and Raissa Maritain to which Miss Kernon principally addresses herself. She was for some four decades one of their friends, seeing them at close quarters both in this country and in France. She gives us a clear outline of Jacques' outstanding career, as thinker, author, university lecturer, founder of institutes, French ambassador to the Holy See. But the real substance of her book is this couple's magnanimity,

ST. JOSEPH, NEW BEDFORD A whist party will be held in the school hall on Acushnet Avenue across from Brooklawn Park at 7:30 P.M. Tuesday, April 1. Refreshments will be served.

The Women's Guild annual Communion breakfast, open to ST. WILLIAM, members and their families, will FALL RIVER follow 10 A.M. Mass Sunday, A five-day trip to Lake George AJpril 6 in the school halt and Toronto including stops at April 6 is also the deadline Ft. Ticonderoga, Gaslight Vilfor ticket returns for a "Sew lage and Ausable Chasm will be NAMED: The U.S. Catho- into Spring" fashion show to sponsored beginning Sunday, July be sponsored by the guild Fridisposed of his possessions and lic Conference has named 27 by the Women's Guild. Resday, April 11. R~ations may went to live with the religious Edward Doherty, foreign ervations may be made with be made with Evonne Lavoie. ,community known as the Little Mrs. Batchelder and the service officer for 17 years, telephone 636-8053 or Claudette public Paul Brothers of Jesus, in Toulouse. is invited. Steadman, 674-7814. Women deHis life there was one of material to deal with Superpower/ siring to model fashions made HOLY NAME, poverty but continued intellec- Industrialized Affairs and by themselves may also contact FALL RIVER tual productivity. He took the Economic Issues in the Dethese numbers. vows and received the habit of partment of Social DevelopA 6 P.M. "happy hour" will A May basket whist will take the Little Brothers in 1969. precede a Chuck Wagon Night NC ment and World Peace. place at 8 P.M. Saturday, May The Maritains are gone from 3 at the school hall, with Jeanne to be sponsored Saturday, April the earthly scene. But it is well Photo. 12 by the Women's Guild. Fol'Forest as chairman. for us to be reminded of what a lowing a ham and bean supper A Cabaret Night at Bishop force they were and, in count· to be served at 7 P.M., square Stang High School auditorium, less lives which they touched . dancing will be led by the Grand North Dartmouth, wi'll take directly or indirectly, still are. Squares. Tickets are available place Friday and Saturda, Miss Kernan has brought us into from Debbie Dean, telephone NEW YORK (NC)-The struc· nights, May 9 and 10. Proceeds the privileged circle of their 674-5164, the rectory or any tures of institutional religion are will benefit St. George School. friendship. board member. an automobile; eventually, like In Words and Pictures ST. JOHN EVANGELIST, OUR LADY OF LOURDES, The Griffin-Simon book has a they need oil in order to run, a' ATILEBORO cardinal told a news conference foreword by Anthony Simon, TAUNTON son of the late Yves Simon. The here. Parents of second graders preProceeds from a buffet and And today, the oil that gives paring for First Communion will latter was a noted philosopher dance to take place at 7:30 P.M. the Catholic Churcly and other who freely and gladly acknowlmeet at 7:30 P.M. Tuesday, April Saturday, April 12 in the school edged his debt to Jacques Mari- Christian communions vigor to 1 in the school cafeteria. hall on First Street will benefit tain. The elder Simon's last overcome internal dissensions The CYO will sponsor a dance public lecture was on Maritain's and obstacles to reunion is the for retarded persons in the At· the parish. Dancing will be to ,life and work, and it is the text Holy Spirit, Cardinal Leo Sue- t1eboro area at 7 P.M. Saturday, the music of the Veriato Costa orchestra. Tickets are available of this lecture which is his con- nens of Malines-Brussels, Bel- April 5, also in the cafeteria. from committee members and tribution to the "homage in gium, told newsmen. At the news conference, at OUR LADY OF THE ANGELS, at the rectory. words and pictures." The photographs in this book the Seabury Press offices, he FALL RIVER ST. MARY, (and they are excellent) were introduced the English edition of Water bottles will be Easter FAIRHAVEN made by Mr. Griffin, who also his new book, "A New Pente· available on Holy Saturday and cost?" gives us excerpts from the diary The parish will present its , The book, he said, is his "pro- Easter Sunday. he kept during his friendship annual show, "Gala Varieties," The first meeting for the comwith Maritain. He supplies an fession of faith and hope." Saturday and Sunday n'ights, Cardinal Suenens has studied mittee planning the Feast of Es- April 5 and 6, at Hastings Junior epilogue covering Maritain's last the various forms of the charis- pirito Santo will be held at 7 High School Auditorium. The illness, death, and funeral. matic renewal movement here o'c1pck on Sunday night, April production is under the direcMaritain had an extraordinary face, handsome but even more and in Europe. He has concen- 20. tion of Malcolm E. Tripp. Tickstriking in its spiritual refine- trated on Catholic charismatics, SACRED HEART, ets are available at the rectory, ment and strength, a kind of who have been informally esti- TAUNTON and may also be reserved by luminosity. Mr. Griffin has mated at as many as 300,000 in calling telephones 994-0595 and The parish council is sponsor- 994-7320. caught a range of expressions, the United States. ing its first penny sale at 7:30 Status of Women all of them touched with nobility. After the Second Vatican on Tuesday evening, April 1 ST. CASIMIR, NEW BEDFORD His notes on Maritain, jot- . Council, he said: "I did what I in the church basement. ted down on different occa· could to promote renewal in the Ray Harrison, general chairSt. Casimir's Circle will sponsions, show the kindness and structures of the Church." man, has announced that there sora whist at 8 P.M. Saturday, tenderness of this man of forTwo of his books, "The Nun in are hundreds of prizes. There midable intellect and exquisite the World" and "CO-Responsi- ,will be five tables and a special April 19 in the parish hall, 2056 Acushnet Ave. sensibility. And the common bility in the Church," had a drawing for a $500 award. touch is delightfully there: Mar- wide impact in spelling out the itain cooking a meal, smoking changing status of Religious "BUCKY" a pipe, enjoying bourbon, listen- women and the increasing influ- Argentine Bishops ing to Bob Dylan recordings, ence of national bishops' confer- Warn on Apostates The 'Television King asking Mr. Griffin to send him ences in top-level decision-makBUENOS AIRES (NC) - The some Rex Stout detective ing in the Catholic Church. Argentine ,Bishops' Conference stories. As a long-time supporter of has warned Catholics and the & upgrading women in Church lfe. government that the new Catho'Raissa's Journal' Only after Raissa's death did he offered cautionary advice lic American Orthodox Church 1196 Bedford Street Jacques learn that she had kept about the question of ordaining is an apost-ate group. Fall River, Mass. a journal. This he edited, supple- women to the priesthood: The warning followed a comDial 673-9721 "We are at a moment where mented with some other writings, plaint lodged by Coadjutor ArchSALES AND SERVICE and had published. An ~nglish we see a multiplication of min· bishop Juan Carlos Aramburu of translation now appears under istries, with or without ordinaSerYlnl the Irel for over 25 years Buenos Aires with the Ministry the title Raissa's Journal (Magi tion. I do not think we have to of Worship and Foreign RelaBooks, 33 Buckingham Dr., Al- focus our attention on ordinations for inviting American Orbany, N. Y. 12208. 404 pages. tion." thodox leaders to a state-sponIllustrated. $12.95). sored celebration. Catholic The journal chiefly comprises priests also had been invited. for Jan. 18, 1937, she said of her Raissa's notes on her spiritual life. There are references to per- approach to God, "It is as if one The bishops said a great deal 102 Shawomet Avenue sons, places, events, gatherings. were absolutely compelled to go of confusion is being spread "by Somerset, Mass. a great mountain self-appointed Catholic groups." Jacques' and her sister Vera fig- all around ure prominently. An opera per- and climb and descend it from Such groups "have no ties with Tel. 674-4881 formance will be noted. ,But it every approach. And one has the true Church and are not in 31/2 room Apartment is Raissa's inner life which has simultaneously to act and to let communion with the Pope," the God act as He pleases." 41/2 room Apartment the main focus throughout. bisho::,s declared, adding that She was a contemplative, and This is the key to almost all some of these members are Includes heat" hot water, stove, rethis vocation caused her acute, that the journal has in store for "apostates from the Catholic frigerator and maintenance service. continual suffering. In an entry the reader. Church."

Likens Religion To Automobile




THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27, 1975

Panama Canal Dispute

Archbishop Urges Historical Perspective PANAMA CITY (NC) - A "lack of information" is at the root of much opinion about the Panama Canal question in the United States, according to Archbishop Marcos McGrath. "The real problem is that most people in the U. S.-including senators and congressmenare so ignorant about the history and the issues involved," declared the archbishop of Panama City. "Emotionally, a lot of people in the U. S. still get worked up about this issue," he said, his voice calm. He seemed to be trying to avoid the very emotionalism he saw as clouding in many instances the minds of U. S. citizens. "They say: 'We own the Canal Zone. We bought it.''' Archbishop McGrath, born in the Canal Zone of mixed U. S.Central American heritage, is a strong proponent of putting the zone under Panamanian sovereignty. He wants an end to the current situation under which the United States exercises rule over the 10-mile-wide, 50-mile-

long strip which physically divides Panama in two. The 1903 treaty granting the U. S. sovereignty rights "in per-

Diocese Appoints Business Manager SAN DIEGO (NC) - The fourcounty Catholic diocese of San Diego has established a new post, business manager and director of central purchasing, and named a layman to fill it, Bishop Leo T. Maher of San Diego announced. The new business manager is Parmely Thomas Ferrie, former assistant to tbz vice-president for marketing of General Atomic Co., located here. Ferrie will be an adviser to Bishop Maher and Msgr. I. Brent Eagan, chancellor of the diocese.

The treaty was drafted and signed by the Frenchman Philippe Buneau-Varilla. acting as ambassador for Panama to the United States. At the time Panama was part of Colombia and fighting a war of independence. The United States which had been unable to negotiate a canal treaty w"ith the Colombians, supported the Panamanians. The ambassador was not authorized to negotiate a treaty. A special team of Panamanians was appointed. However, the U. S. signed the treaty drafted by the 'Frenchman prior to the arrival of the Panamanians and imposed


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petuity" was forced upon Panama, according to Archbishop McGrath. "No Panamanian participated in the writing of the treaty," he said.


"Somehow or other," he said, "we have to put together Christ and the Cross once more." If this is done, he said, there will again be a strong and vital America. The Salvation Army, he added, is trying to do that.

Bishop of Bermuda VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope Paul VI has named Resurrectionist Father Brian Leo John Hennessy, a native of Detroit, Mich., bishop of Hamilton, Bermuda. Bishop-elect Hennessy has spent most of his priestly life in Canada. He was serving as parish priest of St. Joseph's in Hamilton, Ontario, at the time of his nomination.

it upon the new nation, he said. "The U. S. would have removed support for independence if Panama didn't accept the treaty," Archbishop McGrath asserted. The canal was built in Panama because geographically this is the shortest distance between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, he observed. This has always been the primary economic resource of Panama. Throughout

Easter "Today one grave is open, and from it has risen a sun which will never be obscured, which will never set, a sun which creates new life. This new sun is the Crucified One, the Son of God."-St. Jean Vianney, Cure D'Ars

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the centuries, whenever Panama took on importance it was because of this, he said. Aqout 20 per cent of Panama's gross national product of $1.1 billion comes from the canal, mostly indirectly in the form of salaries to workers and sales and services to residents and users of the zone and the canal. Most of the economic benefits have gone to the United States, according to Archbishop McGrath. He said the reason for this is that 70 per cent of the shipping-:until recently at tariffs frozen since 1914 - either originates or is destined for U. S. ports, an annual savings to U. S. commerce of $100 million. "Panama is a sovereign nation and has first rights to its own resources," he said.

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Prelate Lauds SaIvation Army PHOENIX (NC) - I t may be difficult to recognize some nun:; and priests today because so many of them wear lay clothes, but Salvation Army members arc easily recognizable in their uniforms, Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen told about 1,200 persons at a Salvation Army gathering here. Archbishop Sheen, retired bishop of Rochester, N. Y., praised the Salvation Army for its spiritual and strong-minded approach to ,social work. "We are losing in this world a spirit of sacrifice and discipline." The Salvation Army, he said, has maintained its "rather rigid" discipline. The archbishop said that the Salvation Army could be called a Religious order in a broad sense and added: "I wonder if they are not one of the very few Religious orders sn America today that have kept their spirit and p r i n c i p l e s . " - ' Archbishop Sheen charged that America has dropped discipline in every way of life except perhaps in the military academies and on the professional football field. He said that the loss of sacrifice and of the sense of sin is equivalent to separating the Cross and Christ.









'FREE', CHECKING ACCOUNT. .ew '.-CIOY•• Acco...' •• r•• Plye "eree.' '.'ere.' 1'0 800" TAUNTON-Admittedly, Taunton Co-operative Bank shied away from the so-called "free" checking accounts, beea use it couldn't find a truly free checking account which bore interest in any of the new "free" plans. Even· the best system still



cha rged customers a printing fee for the checks. Taunton Cooperative Bank has decided to go all the way and even absorb the printer's fee when your name is embossed on your "In Clover" checks.

'HAPPY COUPLE-Mr. and Mrs. John Q. Depositor had been paying a ten-cent fee per check and a ten-cent fee to make a deposit in their no-interest checking account. The couple opened an "In-Clover" Account at Taunton Co-operative Rank. :-';ow their total e.penditure for their checking account system will be zero-A big plus for the lucky couple who make weekly deposits and write quite a few checks per month.

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Medical Director Opposes Military Aid to Cambodia

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27,1975

Cites Success, Prospects Of Collective Bargaining On March 13 the U.S. Postal Service issued a special commemorative stamp calling attention to the contribution made by collective bargaining in the field of labor-management relations in this country during the past century. The stamp was issued at a dinner a realistic measure uf meeting attended by Presi- achieving democracy in American industry. dent Ford and a gathering of Democracy, properly understood. some 200 businessmen, labor calls for great maturity and rig-

NEW YORK (NC) - The director of a Catholic Relief Ser路 vices (CRS) medical team that had been working in the besieged Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, has expressed opposition to U.S. military aid to Cambodia, The Nt'w York Times reported. A report in the March 18 Times quoted the director, Dr. Gay Alexander, a Scotswoman, saying, "Military aid must be stopped now to end this senseless war." 'The report said Dr. Alexander expressed her views in an interview before being evacuated to Bangkok. Thailand, after the U.S. embassy in Phnom Penhdirected U.S. and other relief agencies to reduce their personnel in the Cambodian capital to a minimum. A spokesman in New York far CRS, the overseas aid agency of U.S. Catholics and the largest U.S.-funded relief organization operating in Cambodia, said that the doctor's views were "her own and not those of the agency." 'Hold Back Rice' The Times report further quoted Dr. Alexander as saying, "They use and manipulate the ordinary people of this country. They hold back rice for the highest bidder, while hundreds are dying of malnutrition every day. Economic aid with no U.S. strings attached should continue, but military aid must be stopped now." She 'said, according ta the Times, that she had written to the U.S. ambassador to Cambodia, John Gunther Dean, to tell him of reports she had heard . of government corruption and of her concern over it and its effed on the Cambodian people. She told the reporter that she had not received an answer or an acknowledgement from the U.S. embassy. The embassy had "no comment," the Times said.

leaders, government officials, . orous self-discipline on the part and media representatives. Msgr. of those who claim to live by its Higgins opened the meeting with tenets and to follow its procethe following remarks, presented dures. It is very serious business. It calls for Steadiness of purpose and maturity of judgment. It is not a judgment that people play for trivial, much less divisive ur Iy self-serving goals. It aims at promoting the broad process of jusMSGR. tice and equity not only for the parties directly involved in the GEORGE G. proces~ but for society as a HIGGINS whole. Democracy doesn't come ch.eap. It demands a certain price in the form of an Invocation, on -sometimes a very heavy price the pa5t achievements and fu- -of those who claim it as their ture prospects of collective bar- birthright. It demands that they gaining: . . pull together for the common o Lord, we have come here to good. We thank You for keeping celebrate symbolically tq,e progress we have made over the years alive in American industry this r 'I ...oiL -pragmatically and experimen- spirit of democracy, and we ask tally, by trial and error in democ- You to give us the intelligence A MATTER OF TIME: A starving Cambodian refugee ratizingindustrial relations in this to make it work ever more effec- child, the only one able to sit up in a pediatric ward operated country through the institution tively for the good of all conby Dr. Beat Richner in Pnom Penh, Cambodia, is a possible of collective bargaining. In cel- cerned. exception among children with only a matter of time before ebrating our past achievements More especially, we ask for in this area, we do so fully con- the wisdom to concentrate in they die. The doctor fears that the country will lose a whole scious of路 the fact that collective these troubled times not on the generation unless the war stops soon. NC Photo. bargaining is, at be5t, an imper- symptoms, but rather on the fect society. causes of our economic probWith all its l,imitations, how- lems. Provide us with steadiness ever, collective bargaining re- of purpose and perseverance to work intelligently and in the mains the most valid and VATICAN CITY (NC)-The diocese, Bishop Nguyen Van most successful .approach for spirit of justice and charity Vatican daily newspaper, L'Os- Boa. The bishop-elect was sectowards the establishment of a strengthening the essential comservatore Romano, has ex- retary to Bishop Huy Mai. ponents of our particular kind better economic order. Following the report, the Give us the intelligence and pre5sed "Deep concern" over uf economic 5ystem while at the the killing of the vicar general paper added a comment: "The the fortitude to work effectively same time enhancing the dignity and freedom of the individ- for social and economic justice of. a besieged South Vietnam sad news from the diocese of ual worker. We recognize, of at home and abroad. Help us to diocese and the reported abduc- Ban Me Thuot on the death of course, that collective bargain- be faithful to our religious con- tion by occupation forces of the the vicar general and the fate ing, like all other institutions in victions in the field of interracial diocese's bishop as well as the of the two bishops, of the priest5 bishop-elect of a newly created and or the populace arouses free society, is on trial at the justice. diocese in South Vietnam. deep concern. present time and that those in Let mighty voices of justice be The paper placed on page one "While we do not have particlabor, management and govern- raised by those of great beart, ment who are charged with the farsighted vision and strong a short report of the death of ulars, we would still like to hope responsibility of making it serve faith that this nation may keep Msgr. Joseph Trinh Chinh True, that the true situation is less the purposes of industrial de- its promise to the world to be the vicar general of Ban Me serious than it appears from mocracy ever more effectively the home of freedom. justice, and Thuot, where house-to-house first reports and that the respect fighting has been raging. The due to person5 and institutions must be prepared to move with brotherhood for all. Too long paper also said that Bi5hop which find themselves, blamethe times. have we ignored Your laws, 0 Pierre Mguyen Huy Mai of Ban lessly and defenselessly, at the God, giver of human dignity and Stresses Democracy Me Thuot was apparently led center of a conflict, which for human rights. away by occupation forces, many reasons is in itself already As one student of collective along with other priests and the so deplorable, is being assured Working Together bargaining has put it, although bishop-elect of the Phan Thiet in any case." perfection is not a realistic goal, Grant that we may now at last On March 14 the papal secrestriving for improvement is a have the courage to meet the Pilgrims to Rome tary of 5tate, Cardinal Jean Vil路 prap,matic necessity if the imti- challenge of this crucial hour VATICAN CITY (NC) - More lot, had sent a telegram to Bishtution of collective bargaining and to seize the historic opporis to continue to serve the pur- tunity You have given us for than half a million pilgrims fr~m op Nguyen Huy Mai saying that poses for which it was estab- healing an ancient rupture in our around the world have made Pope Paul VI was praying for lished. What is needed most of national family by working to- Holy Year pilgrimages to Rome the people of the diocese, and all is a clear headed recognition gether - all of us, Negroes and since the jubilee celebration had heard the news of the fightof the community of interest on whites, labor and management, opened last Christmas Eve, an ing "with sorrow." many vital points between pri- Catholics, Protestants and Jews authoritative Vatican source told vate needs and public policy. -to make this country a land of NC News Service March 18. The There is nothing sacred or sacro- freedom, justice, and equality for source added that the halfsanct about present methods of all its citizens, regardless of their miIlion figure includes only those collective bargaining. It will not racial origfn or the color of their . who made their presence known to the Vatican's Central Commitendure forever in its convention- skin. al stance. It must constantly We recommend to Your un- tee for the Holy Year. Therefore adapt itself to new problems and bounded mercy all our brethren the actual number of pilgrims to new needs and above all must and fellow-citizens throughout would be higher, he said. Contractors work to achieve full employment the United States, that they may and non-discriminatory employ- be blessed in the knowledge and cannot give; and, after enjoying ment for all workers of every sanctified in the observance of the blessings of this life, be adrace, color and creed. If it fails Your most holy law; that they mitted to those which are etermay be preserved in union, and nal. to do so. it will not survive. in that peace which the world CQll~ctive bar~aining aims at (漏 1975 by NC News Service)




Paper Deplores Death, Abduction Of South Vi'etnamese Churchmen

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27, 1975


KNOW YOUR FAITH Resurrection Makes The Difference Since Jesus' death and resurrection, Christians continually try to express verbally and ritualistically the significance the death-resurrection has in relation to their lives. The New Tesament marked the first written record and has continued through 2,000 years to be the most documented in existence for the Christian world. In its entirety, it can be taken as a kind of symphony with the resurrection as its theme. The yearly Church examined all of life from this vantage point. For them, Jesus' resurrection made more than a difference; it made THE difference.

By BRO. MICHAEL WARREN Since apostolic times, many changes have occurred in the Church. But the centrality of the resurrection remains the, same. It continues to make THE difference. Today a new symphony could be composed on the resurrection theme with words by Jesus' modern followers. In fact, this writer feels that the mystery of Easter has been meaningfully expressed by some contemporary, deeply religious men and women. We shall select only a few as a focus. While the following statements do not mention the resurrection in a direct manner, they all flow from the perspective of the resurrection. They are by Martin Luther King, Daniel Berrigen, Flannery O'Connor, and one of my friends. King Martin Luther King's understanding Qf life was dominated by the possibility of the resurrection of man, a possibility manifested most clearly in Jesus. When he accepted the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize, he said: 1 refuse to accept the idea that man is mere flotsam and jetsam in the river of life which surrounds him. I refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war that the bright daylight of peace and brotherh.ood can never become a reality. . . . I have the audacity to believe that peoples everywhere can have three meals a day for their bodies, education and culture for their minds, and dignity. equality and freedom for their spirits. I believe that what selfcentered men have torn down, men other-centered can build up. I still believe that one day mankind will bow before the altar of God and be crowned triumphant over war and bloodshed, and non-violent redemptive good will proclaim the rule' of the land. 'And the lion and the lamb shall lie down together and .every

The Mystery of the Redemption


Any consideration of the reconciliation of man with the Fater through the Redemption must recognize the reality of man's inability to bring about tbis reconciliation himself.

man shall sit under his own vine and fig tree and none shall be afraid.' I still believe we shall overcome. This faith gives us courage to face the uncertaintie3 of the future. One of the future uncertainties that King faced was his own death, the violent taking of the life he had lived in serving the By Gospel. Berrigen STEVE Another Christian, Father DanLANDREGAN iel Berrigen, S.J., often has spoken out of a resurrection mentality. During a 1970 interview, he stated that rebellion against death is one way of putting the It must also admit to the fact Christian possibility. When that man, through the free act asked if he was talking about of his will, brought about his his own death, Berrigen said: estrangement from the Father No, no. That doesn't terribly interest me. I think I experience and that a similarly free act of death in ways that make my his will is essential to restore own death, as ,a physical fact, the original relationship. Thus reconciliation begins not very exciting. I mean, I with Divine initiative to which don't have any fear of dying; but I have fear of NOT dying. there is a human response that I have fear of my own cowardice brings about Div,ine forgiveness. S1. Paul describes this in his in not accepting the kinds of death one has to accept in order Second Letter to the Corinthians to live. It's a day-to-day thing: (5: 18) "It is all God's work. It the putting aside of childishness was God who reconciled us to and anger and laziness and lust Himself through Christ." The Trinitarian aspect of the and the appetites and neglect of my people, in order to continue Redemption, the involvement of to die, in order to continue to the Father, the Son and the Holy live. That's the kind of fight I Spirit, is easily lost sight of if think Paul speaks of when he ' we think of Redemption as be,'ng says a man must die every day. brought about by tbe ResurrecBut that remote thing off there tion .or the Crucifixion and fail somewhere, or that proximate to recognize that the mastery thing out there somewhere - I of man's Redemption, his Reconciliation with the Father, is don't care, let it happen.. In Berrigen's words there is much more than any single event conviction that one must go . . . even the Resurrection. Father E. Schillebeeckx, the through death to life tbe way Jesus did. Berrigen reminds us Dominican theologian, identifies that for the Christian, dying is four phases in the Redemption a daily event, as is the resurrec- in bis book, "Christ the Sacra- tion. And although he does not ment of the Encounter With mention Jesus' name, Berrigen's God." statement is clearly rooted in Four Phases Him and His resurrection. First: "The initiative of the O'Connor Father through the Son in the Flannery O'Connor was a sen- Holy Spirit." The father, seeking to reconsitive young woman from Georgia who suffered a crippling cile man to himself, reaches out nervous disorder throughout through the Son who becomes most of her life. Her masterful man, as the writer of Hebrews short stories are filled with hu- puts it. to "offer Himself as the mans who are crippled in one perfect sacrifice to God through way or another. Yet all these the Eternal Spirit." (9:14). Second: "The human res;.onse stories are filled with great hope springing from a deep belief in of Christ's life to the Father's Jesus' resurrection. In talking initiative in sending Him." Jesus as man, provides the about the characters in her human response to the Divine stories, she once wrote: When I look at stories I have initiative of the Father. His rewritten I find that they are, sponse is totally unselfish as He for the most part, about people seeks only to conform Himself who are poor, who are afflicted to the will of the Father "even to in both mind and body, who accepting death, death on a have little-or at best a distort- cross." (Phil. 2:8) Third: "The divine response to ed-senseof spiritual purpose, and whose actions do not ap- Jesus' obedience in the humiliaparently give the reader a great tion of his life." The Resurrection is the Faassurance of the joy of life. Yet how is this? For I am no ther's' response to the human act disbeliever in spiritual purpose of Jesus. It is acceptance of and no vague believer. I see man's perfect response, through from the standpoint of Christian Christ, to the Divine initiative. In the Resurrection, Jesus, in orthodoxy. This means that for me the meaning of life is cen- His human nature, breaks free tered in our Redemption by of man's enslavement to sin and Christ, and what I see in the death and returns to the Father world I see in its relation to that. as tbe "first-born of many brothers." (Rom 8:29). Turn to Page Fourteen

MEANING OF EASTER: "In the Resurrection, Jesus, in his human nature, breaks free of man's enslavement to sin and death and returns to the Father . . . The Father not only raised Christ to life in response to his human act of obedience and love, he also glorified him making him Lord." Christ rises gloriously from the dead in this tapestry from the Vatican's collection. NC Photo. Because of Jesus' "(:'assover" from sin and death to life with the Father, He becomes "the Way," heals the breech, builds the bridge that symbolizes man's reconciliation to the Father but also provides a path by which man can return. The Father not only raised Christ to life in response to His human act of obedience and love, He also glorified Him making Him Lord. "But God raised bim high and gave Him the name which is above all other names so that all beings in the heavens, on earth and in the underworld, should bend the knee at the name of Jesus and that every tongue should acclaim Jesus Christ as Lord, to the glory of God the Father." (Phil 2:9-11). Fourth: "The sending of the

Holy Spirit upon the world of men by the glorified Lord Jesus." Jesus promised that "when I am lifted up from the earth I shall draw all men to myself." (John 12:32). He accomplished this through the sending of the Holy Spirit to perfect in man that which He achieved for all men once and for all. Turn to Page Fourteen


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of FaIlRiver-Thur~.Mar. 27, 1975

Dominican at Center of Debate Over Christian-Jewish Guidelines JERUSALEM (NC) - A shy French scholar, who has spent most of his priestly life in the study of St. Thomas Aquinas, has been trust into the world's ,-iew by the Jewish-Chri"tian dialogue. Father Pierre Marie de Contenson was working on the publication of definitive texts of his great fellow Dominican, St: Thomas, when he became secretary of the Vatican's Commission for Religious Relations with Judaism. Three events took Father de Contenson from his books to the world scene. He spoke of them on a recent visit to Jerusalem. The first was the change of a minor official in the Church's central administration in the Vatican. The Jewish desk of Cardinal Jan Willebrands, Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity, was empty, and Father de Contenson, took over "to keep things going" he said. At that time many Jews were

Resurrection Continued from Page Thirteen [ don't think that this is a position that can be taken halfway or one that is particu[arly easy in these times to make transparent fiction. My own feeling is that writers who see by the light of their Christian faith will have, in these times, the sharpest eyes for the grotesque, for the perverse, and for the unacceptable. . . . Redemption is meaningless unless there is a cause for it in the actual life we live, and for the last few centuries there has been operating in our culture the secular belief tho'lt there is no such cause. Those who knew Ms. O'Connor report that she was filled with a gentle joy. Her belief in .I esus' resurrectio)1 was no the· oretical one; it flowered in her daily life, in her personality. Recently, a friend wrote of a difficult period in his life. Quite naturally, he spoke out of the same sort of consciousness of Jesus death-resurrection one finds in the New Testament. He said: I am eager to read Johannes Metz' "Poverty of Spirit." I think it will help me. I trust that everything will become clearer in time. After today's liturgy on suffering, I opened Romans and read: "These sufferings ... bring hope and this hope is not deceptive because love, the love of God, has been poured into our hearts by the Holy Spirit which has been given us." It was comforting because ',it helped me un· derstand a little better this dif· ficult period I am going through. Such a statement is testimony to the practical consequences of the resurrection in the everyday lives of ordinary people. Once more, this Easter, Christians everywhere rejoice in the risen life of Jesus. We celebrate a present reality rather than a long-ago event. We affirm: "The Lord is risen; we have seen Him ourselves. He has walked with us and brings hope and joy into our lives." It matters not whether we are famous or ordinary, Jesus risen makes THE difference in the world. Allelulia!

asking for some public declaration from the Vatican to help Israel. Dr. Nahum Goldmann, president of the World Jewish Congress and a man highly re· garded at the Vatican, had been seeking some further elaboration of the Second Vatican Council's teaching on the Jews. Upon moving into the Unity Secretariat, Father de Contenson found in his office a draft document of such an elaboration. Written by a Dutch priest, Father Cor~elius Rijk, it seemed to imply a political commitment of the Church to the state of Israel on a religious basis. In place of such a religiouspolitical statement, Father de Contenson substituted the thinking of a decree of the Second Vatican Council on the divine mission of the Church. This altered document was sent by Father de Contenson to Jews and Christians in Israel, Fr,ance and the United States for comment. The third event, Father de Contenson said, was the publi· cation of the document itself or. Jan. 3, 1975. The guidelines for Catholic-Jewish relations hit theheadlines in major cities throughout the world, including New York and Tel Aviv. Many Christians hailed the document as a fair and friendly approach of Rome to Jewish dialogue. But many Jews criticized it. Certainly it did not support Jewish claims of a religious right to the state of Israel. The once obscure French Dominican, as the author of the document, became a center of controversy. In Jerusalem before the publication of the document he leisurely visited the religious authorities. He met several of the principal rabbis of Israel and heads of Christian Churches. "Religion opens doors," he said "lean visit the Jews, and equally well the Arab Christian leaders."

Plan to Republish Guide' to History WASHINGTON (NC) "A Guide to American Catholic History," by Msgr. John Tracy Ellis, will be republished as part of the American Catholic observance of the Bicentennial, it was announced here. The Subcommittee on U. S. Church History of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB) Committee for the Observance of the Bicentennial said it will undertake republication of the bo~k. Originally published in 1959, the guide contained more than 800 entries of descriptive and critical comments about historical publications. Father Robert Trisco,. president of the American Catholic Historical Association and a member of the bicentennial subcommittee, is revising the work to include studies published since 1958. The NCCB committee also pointed out that five volumes of a major work listing all corre· spondence between American bishops and the Vatican from the first days of the United States until 1908, have been published by the Academy of American Franciscan History.


Text and Photo by Rev. Carl J. Pfeifer, S.J.

ONE WAY As 1 look quietly at this photo of a cemetery, my first reaction is to smile at its obvious humor. The juxtaposition of the traffic sign and the tombstones catches my interest immediately. The obvious meaning of the sign--indicating a one-way drive--takes on another meaning when viewed in the same glance with the tombstones. The resulting hin! of humor in a photo of tombstones suggests my mixed feelings about death. Death is a one-way path. One who dies passes into the unknown from which there is no return. The shadows surrounding the tombstones find a resonance in deepest fears of dying. 1 do not want to die. Death remains veiled in mystery, engulfed in shadowy unknowns. Death is a one-way street which most of us are profoundly hesitant to enter. Yet 1 can smile in the face of death. The photo's touch of humor stirs in me a feeling -that is even more profound than my fear of death. I sense' that death's one-way path is not a dead-end. Death cannot be the end. 1 respond to the inner conviction that death's mystery opens up into a new life, a new kind of freedom. 1 have seen people die with a smile on their lips. 1 have watched grieving relatives smile through their tears. 1 stood before Martin Luther King's tombstone that proclaims my faith: "Free at last: Thank God, I'm free at last." With Christians of all ages I believe that the human hope of life beyond the grave finds its deepest roots in the experience of Jesus Christ. He died, was buried, and yet was seen alive by His friends after He had been buried. As 1 look at the photo with it smiling invitation to face death's shadows, 1 recall the words of Jesus: "I am the Resurrection and the life: whoever believes in me, though he should die, will come to life" (John II :25) 1 remember Paul's challenge to death "Death is swallowed up in victory. 0 death, where is your victory? 0 death, where is your sting?" (I Cor 15:54-55)

The Mystery of the Redemption Continued from Page Thirteen Pentecost The sending of the Holy Spirit upon men at Pentacost enables them to claim their redemption to bring about their reconciliation to the Father by a free act of their will. The presence in Jesus of the Spirit is amply attested to in the Gospels. He was conceived through the Spirit, the Spirit descended upon Him at Baptism, the Spirit drove Him into the desert for His struggle with Satan. The Spirit is the moving power behind every activity of Jesus. The same is true in the life of the Christian. The Spirit gives life (Rom 8:10), brings about freedom from sin and death (Rom 8:10), brings holiness (2 Thess 2:13), helps the Christian in his weakness (Rom 8:26), endows the Christian with special gifts for building up the body

of Christ, the Church (1 Cor 12:7), and if the Christian is guided by the Spirit he is in no

Characters The noble characters in each generation are the prophets of God. -Hamilton Mabie

danger of yielding to his human nature (Gal 5:15 ff). It is the Spirit then, the same Spirit that motivated Christ that motivates the Christian and continues to perfect the Reconciliation and Redemption that was initiated by the Father and comp!eted in Christ.




THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27, 1975



Schoolboys Battle Weather As Baseball Season Nears The cry of "play ball" will echo throughout the confines of diocesan territorial limits, next week as the scholastic schoolboys take to the field for another season of action. Most area teams will play non-league games during the first week of the campaign and .. t h . in his eyes. t hen swmg moe amplOnArea baseball coaches have ship competition. But, as learned to live with the weather usual, nature is not cooperat- problems, Their charges will be ing as the coaches attempt to prepare their charges for opening day, With the exception of a few days, Spring driHs have been confined to the gymnasiums where activity centers around the pitching corps. In all probability the pitchers will have the upper hand over the first few weeks as the hitters attempt to make up for lost time. Talk to any local mentor and he will bewail the fact that the weather has betrayed him, He'll teB you about the soggy field conditions, the la,ck of batting practice , and the uncertainty at certain positions. But, there will also be a hint of optimism

ready, In the large school Division A of the Conference, for exampie, we know that Joe Lewis of Durfee High in Fall River and Jim Sullivan of Somerset will field two of the best clubs around. John O'Brien of Bishop Stang High of Dartmouth will moan 'a little and t:hen undoubted,ly produce a contender. Competition throughout the circuit should be close. Teams are aligned in the same divisions as a year ago when three tight races were staged. While Durfee and Somerset will be strong they can not be considered odds on favorites to win the Division A crown.

Difficult to Keep Abreast of Realignment Any of the schools in the bracket is capable of producing a champion. Teams competing in A include Dennis-Yarmouth, Taunton, Barnstable, Falmouth, Attleboro, New Bedford, Stang, Somerset and Durfee. In Division B the situation is ve~ much the same: Balance is agam prevalent. Bishop Connolly High of FaIl River, Case High of Swansea, Dartmouth, and Seekonk will all be strong. Fairhaven, Bishop Feehan High of Attleboro, Dighton-Rehoboth, and Msgr. Coyle-Bishop Cassidy High of Taunton are all capable of contending. Wareham appears to have the edge in Division C, the small s,~hool bracket, but the Vikings will not have an easy time of it. Norton, Bourne, Holy Fami1y High of New Bedford, New Bedford Vocational, Old Rochester Regional of Mattapoisett, Westport, Diman Regional Voca-

tional of Fall River and St. An.thony's of New Bedford round out the division. The S. E. Mass. Conference was formed to bring equitable playing conditions to area athletics. Forecasts are for close races in all divisions. Such has been the' case in virtually all sports since the formation of the league. , , With realignments taking place every year or two no ~chool. has been able to ,dommat~ m an~, sport. E~ultable playmg conditIOns do. eX.lst. But, the constant realignmg of schools in different s~orts is, to say the least, confusmg. It is difficult for fans to stay abreast of the changes and from the competitors' standpoint difficult to create rivalries. Now that the circuit is established maybe it is time to modify the reaHgnment procedures.

Proposal Calls for Three Hoop Divisions Admittedly, conditions change and an individual school's competitive status will fluctuatE\. But, do changes take place rapidly enough to warrant realignment every two years? Would a five year alignment be feasible? In an attempt to satisfy the majority of schools in the Conference these questions and related ones are being discussed. The divisional concept has been successful but there are problems. The board of governors are striving to resolve some of the difficulties experienced during. the league's infancy stage and meet the needs of member schools. According to reports one of the major questions presently confronting the governing body is related to basketball reaHgnment. There is a proposal that

the current four division alignment be revised and that next Winter there be three divisions as in baseball. A three bracket setup would, lit is contended, sol\Ae some scheduling problems, make games more meaningful and cut back on some travel. Opponents contend such a move would create imbalanc'e within divisions. There seems to be little difficulty aligning an eight team small school division that would be very competitive. The problem arises when trying to come up with an eight or nine team Division 1. There are two 0r three schools that could conceivably compete with the larger schools but more equitably play with Division II opponents. A three division alignment in all sports would be ideal. Long

FEEHAN HOOPSTERS: Girls' basketball players at Bishop Feehan High School, Attleboro, close season with. record of 15 victories, one defeat, including nine win, one loss Southeastern Massachusetts Division I record, this despite fact that team had no starters from last year. Feehanites reached State quarterfinals before defeat, going further in tournament play than any other diocesan team. Tearn achieved most victories of any. Feehan girls' team in school's history and also compiled longest string of victories with no losses. From left, rear, Colleen Durochers, Joanna Needham, Coach Chris Servant, Melodye Broadley, Pat Carlson; kneeling, Chris Cassells, Eileen Stelmack, Denise Neveux, Jane Kelley, Mary Ann McAuliffe; seated, Co-Captains Chris Kelley, Mary Paquin. Not pictured, Mary . Ellen Rockett, Judy DiRenzo.

Missioner in Chile Says Am路ericans Misinformed on Basic Issues WASHINGTON (NC) An American missionary working in Chile defended the ruling military junta at a press conference here 路and claimed that the "so-called polit'ical prisoners in Chile" do not number in the thousands. "Right now approximately 600 individuals are in jail for antigovernment activities; however, even these are charged with crimes under Chilean law," said Vincentian Father Gerald J. Brown. He said that the military coup that toppled the Marxist government of Salvador Allende in September 1973 was in re-

Catholic Teachers Approve Contract ST. LOUIS (NC) - Members of the St. Louis Archdiocesan Teachers Association (ATA) have approved a new two-year contract with the archdiocesan school board. Robert Hronicek, president of the ATA, which represents lay teachers in the 10 archdiocesan high schools, said the agreement was approved in a vote at Mercy High School with some 50 per cent of the association's members present. The new contract calls for a starting salary increase of $450 the f~rst year and $250 the second year. The increase means the starting salary for new teachers with the bachelor of arts degree next fall will be $7,161, and for the 1976-77 school year it will be $7,411.

term alignments would be great. The challenge is to creat a plan that includes both, not an easy 'task.

sponse to "the inf.amous Pan Z, which called for the massacre of all military leaders and all important opposition leaders." The priest who has been working in Chile since 1964, said that "the great majority of Chileans wanted and applauded the military's action because Allende had plunged that country "into economic chaos" and his .agents had sowed "hate and violence," "The majority of the bishops have also welcomed the return to discipline and order; more people will be happier if only econontic recovery could be pushed faster," he said. Father Brown, who comes from St. Louis, Mo., is pastor at the rural town of Rocas de Santo Domingo, about 100 miles. from Santiago. The 5,000 people in the area are farmers and fishermen, "mostly poor country people." They are now doing some cooperative farming with the help of the sta,te. The priest is a member of the Cardinal Mindszenty Foundation, which sponsored his conference at the National Press Club here. He said he is concerned about "erroneous impressions among fellow Americans about the present situation in Chile."





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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 27, 1975

Pennsylvania Pastor Offers Alternative to Public Schools DUNCANSVILLE (NC) He gave his comments in a Christian families must have an pastor's study on the second alternative to the public school floor of a brand new $250,000, system if youth are to survive 13-room elementary school buildthe daily assaults of a human- ing, the first of a projected three istic phHosophy adopted by that part U-shaped complex that will institution, according to Pastor add a gymnasium and a high Glenn Yeckley of the Foot of school section to the existing Ten Independent Bible Church building. Acting as its own conhere. tractor, the church kept buildHe claims that "for anyone ing costs low. to have a complete and proper The idea of a church-related education, she should be ed- school is rooted in the general ucated in all three areas of men opinion of the church member路 -spiritually, mentally and phys- ship. "We did a thorough study ically. Today's public school sys- of the attitudes of our parishiotem only fills two of these three ners," Pastor Yeckley said, "and areas. We find in our public . will start with a student census school system the presence of of 100 from kindergarten certain things and the absence through fourth grade. Our enof others that we feel are detri- rollment will increase annuil1ly mental to proper education." by adding an additional grade High among the list of absent until we have a complete ed-things listed by Pastor Yeckley ucational unit." are the lack of proper discipline, The current otPend to phase out guidance, proper dress and behavior codes, and above all, church-related schools maintained by Christian denominations does God's Word. "Humanistic philosophy," he not bother Pastor Yeckley. "I charged, "has led to drug in- have been inspired by God to volvement among our youth, teach the truth, and when God disrespect for' teachers and all is left out of education, truth is authority and an acceptance of not being taught. I believe that the evolution theory as a fact." all knowledge must be examined And Pastor Yeckley is. not a under the light of God's Word ..." dreamer.

Relief Official Claims Cambodia/s Suffering Worse Than Vietnam/s HONG KONG (NC)-Cambodia is suffering a "humanitarian crisis" worse than any experienced in Vietnam, claims Father Charles Charlebois, regional director- of Catholic Relief Services in Southeast Asia. !For more than 250,000 adults and children living in besieged towns and "widow" villages, Catholic Relief Services is the main source of food, medicine and clothing. Father Charlebois told NC News during a brief

Directive to Relief Agency Questioned NEW YORK (NC) - An official of Catholic Relief Services (CRS), - the overseas aid agency of U.S. Catholics, said here he could not confirm reports that the U.S. embassy in Phnom Penh, the besieged Cambodian capital, had asked CRS to reduce its foreign personnel there. The official, Gilbert Cawley, CRS information director said that seven Americans' remained in Phnom Penh as of March 17. Three others, he said, had gone to Saigon to await recall if the situation improves and two were on medical leave because of illness. CRS also has Cambodians on its staff in Phnom Penh, Cawley said. A medical team composed of Europeans and Filipinos that had been working in the capital has been withdrawn, he said. The _team has gone to Bangkok, Thailand, and will return if matters improve, Cawley s.aid.

Easter "If Easter- says anything to us

today, it says this: You can put truth in a grave, but it won't stay there. You can nail it to a cross, wrap it up in winding sheets and shut it up in a tomb, but it will rise!" -Clarence W. Hall

visit here. Catholic Relief Scrvices is the overseas aid agency of U. S. Catholics. "The present crisis pivotes around the control that the Khmer Rouge has gained over the Mekong River and other food routes. The only -answer to getting food into most of the besieged areas is a massive airlift." "Four medical doctors with Khmer nurses and aides were taking care of refugees right in the midst of battie. I also saw hundreds of sick people lined up at the CRS hospital we were able to put up there with the help of Australian Catholic Relief and our Protestant friends in Denmark. And we had started to give out rice, the stable Jood. But there is only enough left in our warehouse to sustain needs for about two weeks." The Catholic Relief Services staff in Cambodia includes Danes, Swiss, Americans and 223 Cambodians. All of them move from one scene of action to another. "We have offered our foreign staff opportunity to evacuate," said Father Charlebois. "But they all refuse to leave. So they work in the midst of great difficulty and great risk of security to feed, clothe and heal the people. Following the dictates of love, they are extending Christ in time to, people who very possibly will' never know Him because the country is Buddhistthere are less than 3,000 Christians in all of the Khmer Republic. "The Church can do nothing about the political, and military situation. But its members can and must, regardless of criticism, follow the commandment of love by providing for the humanitarian needs of their brothers and sisters in Cambodia."

Optimistic -About Polish Negotiations VATICAN CITY (NC)-Vatican Radio reports that the Polish primate, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski of Warsaw is optimistic about the eventual success of efforts to establish permanent working arrangements between the Vatican and Poland's communist regime. Cardinal Wyszynski made his comments at a meeting in Poland with Archbishop Luigi Poggi, the special envoy from the Vatican who began a monthlong visit to Poland Feb. 24, Vatican Radio said March 18. His departure came shortly after the Vatican and the Polish government announced agreement on establishing working groups to maintain permanent relations between them. Vatican Radio reported that ,Cardinal Wyszynski pointed out

obstacles along the road to complete normalization of Churchstate relations in Poland. He cited "different views of the world and of life and, in particular, different positions concerning education of youth," Vatican Radio reported. The date of his meeting with Archbishop Poggi was not given. Vatican Radio reported the cardinal hopes that with the normalization of Church-state relations Christ's rightful place would be permitted to evangelize freely. Vatican Radio said some requirements of the Church in Poland were the opportunity to educate children and youth in a Christian manner, the defense of Christian customs, the opportunity to build churches according

to the needs of the Christ,ian communities, and respect for 路the rights of believers to social, professional and political equality. Vatican Radio further reported that the cardinal had said the Polish governing authorities had shown greater understanding toward the Church. The primate repeated, said the broadcast, "that the Church did not enter into politics and did not fight against the existing system or against the government even though sometimes bishops must draw the attention of the competent authorities to a few delicate problems." Discussions between the Vatican's and Poland's working groups are scheduled to take place alternately in Rome and in Poland.



CAnceR may never strike you

. ..but do you know the warning signals?

If any of these signals persist for 2 weeks, see your doctor without delay: 1. Unusual bleeding or discharge. 2. A lump or thickening in the breast or elsewhere. 3. A sore that does not heal. 4.Change in bowel or bladder habits. 5. Hoarseness or cough. 6. Indige"stion or difficulty in swallowing. 7. Change in size or color of a wart or m9le. Have a complete medical checkup every year, because many cancers are curable if detected and treated early.

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Fall River,Mass.,Thursday,Mar.27,1975 Vol.19,No.13 © 1975TheAnchor TVMass I send you all sincere and prayerful good wishes for a full measur...


Fall River,Mass.,Thursday,Mar.27,1975 Vol.19,No.13 © 1975TheAnchor TVMass I send you all sincere and prayerful good wishes for a full measur...