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t eanc 0 VOL. 32, NO. 13


Friday, March 25,1988


$10 Per Year

usee disappointed

Civil rights veto WASHINGTON (NC) - The opponents of the measure sucgeneral secretary of the V.S. bi- ceeded in postponing the vote. shops' conference expressed disThe delay came as a barrage of appointment that President Rea- telephone. calls for sustaining the gan vetoed "one ofthe most impor- veto began after the Rev. Jerry tant pieces of civil rights legislation Falwell, chairman of Moral-Majorto come along in many years," the ity, sent an urgent message to pasCivil Rights Restoration Act. tors calling on them to rally conMsgr. Daniel F. Hoye, general gregations against what he called secretary of the V.S. Catholic Con- the "Civil Sodom and Gomorrah ference, said in a March 17 state- Act." The Washington Post rement that he hoped Congress would ported that SO,OOOe.lIs were received by the Senate during one override Reagan's veto. hour. Five days later, by a vote of 73The Civil Rights Restoration 24, more than the necessary twoAct would overturn the 1984 Suthirds majority, the Senate overrode the veto. The House took the preme Court ruling in the Grove same action following the Senate City College case. The court ruled vote. Both chambers originally that only the federally funded propassed the bill by overwhelming gram in such institutions as universities, not the entire institution, margins. could be penalized for civil rights The USCC originally had expres- violations. sed concerns about the bill but Congress added' the "abortionsupporte~ it after it was amended neutral" amendment that specified to include a provision to prevent it that nothing in the legislation could from being used to demand abor- be construed to require or prohibit tion coverage and a "religious ten- providing or paying for abortion ets" exemption to prevent religious services. organizations from being unduly Reagan, on vetoing the bill, su bburdened. mitted to Congress an alternative The Senate began discussion of Turn to Page II overriding the veto March 17 but

In Northern Ireland

Anger and horror

"The Crucifixion" Crom the lyttlinlton Missal •• Westminster Abbey Library


At last, Dukakis replies In The Anchor for March 4, we ran a front-page story, "Super . Tuesday hopefuls speak," giving responses of major Democratic and Republican presidential candidates to a series of questions submitted by the National Catholic News Service. Many readers noted the lack of comments from Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. His response was finally received last week and it follows. Editor. WASHINGTON (NC) - Democratic presidential candidate Michael S. Dukakis opposes govern-

ment restrictions on abortion, tuition tax credits, the nuclear arms race and the death penalty. In response to written questions submitted by National Catholic News Service, the Massachusetts governor also supported the intermediate-range nuclear forces treaty and regarded aid to the "contra" rebels in Nicaragua as a violation of both U.S. and international law. He likewise backed reforms in immigration policies and favors suspending deportation of illegal immigrants who fled Central American violence, favored em-

phasizing human rights concerns in foreign policy, and said he wants the federal government to adopt universal health care and welfare reform policies similar to those he has implemented in Massachusetts. He also suggested that government must reflect traditional American social justice values. 11 questions to presidential candidates were submitted by NC News in early January. They were based on election-year issues raised by the V.S. bishops in their statement on political responsibility for 1988.

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BELFAST, Northern Ireland (NC) - Irish and English Catholic officials reacted with anger and horror to the rash of sectarian killings in Northern Ireland over the past month, including the murders of two British soldiers by members of a funeral procession in Belfast March 19. Cardinal Tomas O. Fiaich of Armagh. Northern Ireland. the primate of Ireland. said March 20 that he was horrified by the "brutal and obscene murders" of the soldiers. His condemnation of the killings was echoed by church and political leaders in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The killing ofthe two young troopers. who were in civilian dress. provoked shock in a society accustomed to political violence for almost 20 years. Cardinal George Basil Hume of Westminster. England, said March 22 that the killings were "the bitter fruit of a gospel of hate which has been preached relentlessly by the IRA for nearly two decades. "The Catholic Church both here as in Ireland condemns it without hesitation or reservation." he said. According to eyewitness accounts. the troopers drove their car up to the funeral cortege at a

rapid rate. frightening many in the crowd who were still jittery from the grenade attack by an apparent Protestant extremist at the burial three days earlier of three Irish Republican Army members killed in Gibraltar by British agents. The March 19 funeral was for IRA man Kevin Brady, one of the th~ee people slain in the March 16 attack. The soldiers, Cpls. David R. Howes. 23. and Derek T. Wood. 24. were dragged from their vehicle. severely beaten. then shot execution-style by IRA gunmen. The troopers carried pistols. but did not use them against the crowd. according to reports. Turn to Page II

INVITATION ALL ARE invited to attend the Mass ofthe Chrism at 4 p.m. Tuesday at St. Mary's Cathedral. At this Mass, chrism, a mixture of olive oil and balsam used at baptism, confirmation and ordination, is blessed by the bishop for use in the diocese throughout the year.



The Anchor Friday, Mar. 25, 1988


AIDS patients need love, says cardinal NEW YQRK (NC) - Cardinal John J. O'Connor of New York appealed at a recent international AIDS conference for the medical community to give more attention to care of persons with AIDS. "Patient care almost always seems to take second place to research," he said. He said one person appearing before President Reagan's AIDS commission, on which the cardinal serves, even made the "horrifying" proposal that all New York AIDS patients be shipped to a Southern state where care would be cheaper. The cardinal welcomed participants to the AIDS parley and spoke on his experience ministering to AIDS patients. Initiated by the International Federation of Catholic Medical Associations, the congress was cosponsored by New York Medical College, the Health and Hospitals Department of the New York archdiocese and St. Clare's Hospital in Manhattan. The college and hospital are related to the archdiocese. Cardinal O'Connor said he was not speaking as a representative of the presidential commission but on the basis of his experience with more than 1,000 AIDS patients. He said he tries to make weekly visits to the AIDS unit at St. Clare's Hospital. With AIDS, the emphasis must be on treating the patient, not the disease, he路 said, because medical science has no cure and discovery of one cannot realistically be expected within the 12-18 months most current AI DS patients will liv.e. . "I don't just go in and wave," Cardinal O'Connor said of his visits to patients. "I try to listen very hard." He said he had asked administrators of archdiocesan hospitals to treat AIDS patients with dignity, regardless of how they con. tracted the disease. "I have yet to ask anyone, what is your religion or how did you contract this disease," he said. "I wait for them to tell me." Then, the cardinal said, if the patients have a religious faith he helps them understand that "God can forgive anything." If they ar~ not religious, he said, he tries to help them deal with their feelings psychologically. . Concerning an AIDS patient released from prison to receive terminal care at St. Clare's, Cardinal O'Connor said, "Some people might think he was dying under the punishment of God. I think he lived long enough to learn of the love and forgiveness of God through the ministry ofSt. Clare's." Last year on Christmas day, Cardinal O'Connor recalled, he was at St. Clare's when a woman who had lost two.children to AIDS saw a third die. "You-can't just 'take the accrued experience of medical science and apply it," he said. "You're not dealing merely with a disease; you're dealing with a person."









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The Palm Sunday liturgy, to be celebrated at 4 p.m. Saturday, March 26, will be offered by Most Reverend Daniel A. Cronin. Concelebrants will be Very Rev. Barry W. Wall and Rev. Michael K. McManus; deacon chaplains, Permanent Deacons Frank Mis and Michael Murray; liturgical deacons, Deacons Daniel Lacroix and George Scales. The Passion will be read by Father McManus, Christ; Deacon Scales, narrator; Deacon Lacroix, other parts, At the Chrism Mass at 4 p.m. Tuesday, March 29, Bishop Cronin will be celebrant with diocesan clergy as concelebrants. Designated concelebrants will be Rev. Stephen J. Avila, Very Rev. Armando A. Annunziato, V.F., Rev. Louis R. Boivin, Rev. William G. Campbell, Rev. Joseph F. D'Amico. Rev. Stephen F. Dawber, SJ, Very Rev. Edward C. Duffy, V.F., Rev. Edmund J. Fitzgerald, Rev. Rene G. Gauthier, Rev. Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes, PA. Rev. Peter N. Graziano, Rev. George E. Harrison, Rev. Edward J. Healey, Rev. Bonaventure Jezierski, OFM Conv., Rev. David J. Landry. Rev. James F. Lyons, Rev. Edward F. McIsaac, Rev. Msgr. Luiz G. Mendonca, V.G., Rev. John A. Perry, Rev. Paul J. Price, SS.Cc. Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan, V.E., Very Rev. Gerald T. Shovelton, V.F., Rev. Msgr. John J. Smith, V.E., Rev, Msgr. Robert L. Stanton, Rev. Antonino Tavares and Father Wall. Deacons Scales and Lacroix will be bearers of the Oil of Chrism; Fathers Healey and Landry the Oil of the Sick; Fathers Harrison and Avila the Oil of Catechumens. Deacons James Marzelli Jr. and Francis J. Camacho will be deacon chaplains and Deacons Scales and Lacroix will be liturgical deacons. Bishop Cronin will celebrate the Holy Thursday liturgy at 7 p.m. March 31, with Fathers McManus and Richard G. Andrade as concelebrants. Deacons Lacroix and Scales will be liturgical deacons. On Good Friday, April 1, the Celebration of the Lord's Passion will be held at 3 p.m. Bishop Cronin will preside and Father Wall will be celebrant. Fathers McManus and Andrade will be chaplains to the bishop, and Deacons Scales and Lacroix will be liturgical deacons. Father Wall will take the part of Christ at th~ reading of the Passion, Deacon Scales will be narrator and Deacon Lacroix will take the other parts,

NCEA, C.LA conventions have "Gift to Nation" theme With the theme "Catholic Education: Gift to the Nation," the National Catholic Educational Association will hold its annual convention from April4 to 7, this year in New York City. With a twin theme, "Catholic Libraries: Gift to the Nation," the Catholic Library Association will hold a concurrent meeting, also in New York. Some 42 educators from the Fall River diocese will attend the NCEA parley, headed by Father Richard W. Beaulieu, director of the Diocesan Department of Education. They are representatives of the Catholic Education Center, pastors, parish directors of religious education, principals and teachers. Participating in the convention program will be Associate Superintendent of Schools Sister Michaelinda Plante, RSM, who will chair a session for Sisters of Mercy; and Associate Director of Religious Education Sister Ann Moore, CND, who will introduce a convention speaker. Among diocesan delegates to the CLA convention will be Dr. Owen T.P. McGowan of Holy Name parish, Fall River, chairman ofCLA's Academic Libraries Section. In New York, he will moderate a panel discussion on "Expectations for Optimum Library Service in the Catholic University" and will introduce two convention speakers: Desmond G. Kenny, a bibliographer and bookseller from Galway, Ireland, who will speak on "Building an Irish Collection in an Academic Library"; and Dr. Gordon C. Zahn, national director of the Pax Christi Center on Conscience and War and an emeritus professor of the University of Massachusetts at Boston. Dr. Zahn will speak on "The Limits of Obedience," addressing problems of conscience which may arise in relation to war and military service and the value oflibrary resources in developing awareness in these areas. An authority on the Catholic peace movement, Dr. Zahn was a consultant to the U.S. bishops' committee that prepared the 1983 pastoral letter "The Challenge of Peace." He is the author of many books, notably "In Solitary Witness, a biography of Franz Jaegerstaetter, a German peasant beheaded for refusal to serve in Hitler's Army. NCEA Progra~ . Many sessIOns ~t the. NCEA

convention will reflect the concern of Catholic education for strong moral values. Setting the tone will be the opening liturgy, at which New York Cardinal John J. O'Connor will be principal celebrant and homilist, taking the convention theme as his topic. Two other general sessions are keyed to values. CBS commentator Charles Osgood will speak on "Morality and Education" and Secretary of Education William J. Bennett will address the closing session on "Content, Character and Choice: Catholic Education's Gift to the Nation." Departmental sessions exemplifying concern for student value formation will include presentations on sex education within the family structure; religious culture in high schools; use of stories in moral education; community service programs; and "Visions, Values and the Family," a program aiding families in coping with today's problems. Awards at Conventions At the conventions, awards will include NCEA's C. Albert Koob Merit Award, given to Sister Mariella Frye for her work on the National Catechetical Directory.. The association's John F. Meyers Award will go posthumously to Cardinal Terence Cooke of New York. Norbertine Father C. Albert Koob and Msgr. John F. Meyers are former NCEA presidents. Sister Frye, a member of the Mission Helpers of the Sacred Heart, was associate director of the National Catechetical Directory program and is now a consultant to the National Conference of Catholic Bishops' committee writing a pastoral letter on the concerns of women in the church and society. Cardinal Cooke is being honored for his efforts to establish innercity Catholic schools in New York. The Catholic Library Associa-\ tion has named author Katherine Paterson the winner of its 1988 Regina Medal award for excellence in children's books. She is the author of a number of award-winning novels for children, . including "Bridge to Terabithia," "Jacob Have I Loved," "Master Puppeteer," and "The Great Gilly Hopkins." The CLA established the Regina Medal in 1959 to recognize ou~standing work in the field of children's literature.

The Easter Vigil will be celebrated at 7 p.m. Saturday, April 2. Bishop Cronin will be principal celebrant, with Fathers Wall and McManus as concelebrants. Deacons Lacroix and Scales will be liturgical deacons. Easter Mass will be telecast at 11 a.m. on WLNE, Cbannel6, on Easter Sunday, April 3. Bishop Cronin will be celebrant, with Deacons Lacroix and Scales as liturgical deacons, Master of Ceremonies for Holy Week will be Rev, Msgr. John J. Oliveira, V.E. Assistant Masters of Ceremonies will be Fathers Andrade and McManus, NC photo



Record number olD.S. deacons


ARCHBISHOP MARCOS McGrath at a Panama City news conference. (NCj UPI-Reuter photo)

Panamanian clergy demand return to civilian rule PANAMA CITY, Panama (NC) - Panamanian clergy are demanding a return to civilian authority over the armed forces, and are also preparing to distribute food to Panamanians left without funds by the country's political and economic crisis. A spokeswoman for the Archdiocese of Panama said it was conducting a nationwide survey to see where help was most needed. "The situation is most urgent in the city," Josefa de Aranda, secretary to Archbishop Marcos McGrath, said recently. "There are people who are really suffering." Panama's banking commission ordered the banks closed over three weeks ago due to a shortage of U.S. dollars, the country's legal currency - the result of economic pressure to oust the defense minister, Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega. A general strike to demand the ouster is also underway. The commission said it would allow deposits, but not withdrawals, but Panama's association of bankers said banks would remain closed because they could not function without cash. Ms. de Aranda said workers in the po'or section of Panama City 'who depend on cash-paying odd jobs were especially hard-hit by the cash shortage. Service workers, such as taxi drivers, also said their business was shrinking. Hundreds of retirees protested angrily at government-owned banks when they could not cash their pension checks. Archdiocesan bishops and members ofthe priests' council recently issued a staement calling for subordination ofthe military forces to civilian authority and the restoration of all human and civil rights. The document was issued just hours after Panamanian' troops used tear gas and shotguns to quell disturbances by protesters seeking the reinstatement of President Eric Arturo Delvalle. The civilian president was recently impeached by the Panamanian congress for allegedly bowing to U.S. pressure in firing Noriega, who has been indic-

ted in Miami on several drugrelated charges. The statement, signed by 20 clerics, also asked for the reopening of all communications media, closed in the crackdown by the post-Delvalle government. "We have witnessed that the present crisis is basically of a political nature and the central solution should be sought at that level," said the signers of the statement, which was read in Panama City by Archbishop McGrath. The document added that a return to constitutional government in Panama is imperative and called for an effort to hold credible national elections. In an interview with Vatican Radio, Archbishop McGrath said the problems in his country "must be resolved by Panamanians themselves and not through strong international pressures." _ Solutions imposed from the outside "can create a situation that weakens the autonomy ofthe country in the future, particularly regarding the canal treaties," the archbishop said. "At the same time, we emphasize that 'nationalism' should not be abused by pretending to justify different political ends by masking them with love of country," he added. He also emphasized that "to resolve the political problem there must be a civilian government in power...which governs always according to the constitutional norms."

WASHINGTON (NC) - There were 8,443 permanent deacons in the United States as of last Oct. 31, the highest number since the permanent diaconate program was reinstated after Vatican II, said a newly released report. The count showed an increase of 605 from 1986. The data were released recently by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops in the new Annual Statistical Report prepared by the NCCB Secretariat for the Permanent Diaconate. They are based on returns from 140 diocesan deacon formation program directors. Deacons residing in U.S. dioceses which have no permanent diaconate programs were not included in the total. Most were ordained elsewhere and later moved into dioceses without deacon programs. The number of candidates for the diaconate at the end of October was 1,885,261 fewer than in 1986. The drop was attributed to dioceses which have put a hold on deacon recruitment pending evaluation of their programs. . There are 25 dioceses in which deacons number at least 100. Those dioceses account for 49 percent of deacons nationwide. According to the statistics, 82 percent of ordained deacons are Caucasian, 13 percent are Hispanic, 4 percent are black and I percent are from other minority groups. As in the past, the Chicago archdiocese has the largest number of deacons, this year with 585. The other dioceses with at least 100 deacons are Hartford, Conn., 264; New York, 234; Newark, N.J. 220; Galveston-Houston, 185; San Antonio, Texas, 165; Baltimore, 164; Toledo, Ohio, 161; Rockville Centre, N.Y., 157; Washington, 155; Detroit, 154; Los Angeles, 153; Boston, 151; Trenton, N.J., 148; Brooklyn, N.Y., 146; Milwaukee, 132; St. Louis, 125; Joliet, Ill., 117; New Orleans, 112; Omaha, Neb., III; St. Paul-Minneapolis, III; Cincinnati, 110; Phoenix, 108; Cleveland and Dallas, both 104. The survey found that 35 percent of deacons are age 51-60; 32 percent are 41-50; 21 percent are 61-70, 6 percent are 32-40 and 5 percent are 71-80. There are 37 deacons between the ages of 81 and 90, and two over 90. Ninetythree percent are married, 4 percent have never married, 2 percent are widowers and I percent are divorced.


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Fri., Mar. 25, 1988

the moorins.-., Limits of Influence


F or decades the United States involvement in Central America was strictly one-sided. As long as American investments were feeding the coffers of the few, all was well. Nations were relegated to the status of mere banana republics by the greed of the robber barons who took anything they could from the people and the land. It's no wonder then that many in this strategic area have some worrisome vibes that United States' intentions are not always motivated by the purest of ideals. With this in mind the current difficulties do indeed indicate that this country can no longer have the same frame of reference to the nations of Central America. We as a nation might yet have a strong influence in this region. However, the days of rule by Wall Street are over. In essence, Central America is now involved in a long delayed process of political renewal and national independence. It is a difficult adaptation but an inevitable one. For example, despite the greatest of pressure, Panama has not come to a reasonable Yankee solution to its internal problems. United States efforts to encourage a democratic form of government have been frustrated. Due to a long American presence, Panama is a land with few public leaders and little sense of public responsibility. In Nicaragua, the leftist Sandinistas continue their flip-flop game of making promises to a gullible United States Congress that they would liberalize their policies while telling the people of Nicaragua that they should not oppose their inilitary rule. The Soviet Union is sending record quantities of military equipment to the Sandinistas. President Ortega cautioned all opposition in Managua not to confront his government and that the Sandinistas will, not give up power. In EI Salvador, Marxist guerillas have shifted from military attack to terrorist violence in an effort to disrupt all voting procedures. The recent campaign to replace the government of President Duarte was marked by bitter attacks between the fueding and ruling Christian Democrats and rightist opposition parties. The complicated approach of this country is indeed a mixed bag of confusion and naivete. On the one hand, American liberals take to the streets protesting national policy in Central America, bearing flags and disrupting civic order. Their Congressional support upholds the Marxist Ortega government while they wage war against Noriega and plant seeds of dissention in Honduras. In a supreme effort for supreme power the Congress, in fact, is once again in a role battle not with the real problems of Central America but with the executive branch of its own government. The issues become even more confused with the antics of President 'Reagan. It seems that someone has shut off his hearing aid. He just cannot listen to voices of moderation. He simply has a conservative obsession of the left. Russians, Marxists and Communists are everywhere. It is the propagation of this fear that has allowed North, Poindexter and Secord to propogate their haunting self-righteousness. Further encouragement is given to this mentality by the argument of the radical right that the executive branch must have absolute power to fight communism anywhere in the world, at any time and by any means at hand without any consent of Congress. Our support must be for democracy. As such it should flow from the minds and hearts of the people, not given consent at the point of a gun held either by the right or left hand. The Editor

Masse photo


"God so loved the world that he gave his only Son." John 3:16

The power of example By Father Kevin J. Harrington The best-kept secret among communications experts is a saying well-worth remembering: "We hear half of what is said. We understand half of what we hear. We believe half of what we understand. We remember half of what we believe!" This is particularly valuable to remember when we speak of com,municating values to our children. Dr. Fritz Redl, a prominent psychologist and psychiatrist, once told a large audience of parents and teachers: "I want you to get out your paper and pencils. I am going to tell you the three most important things you ever need to know about raising children." After keeping everyone waiting for a few moments of breathless anticipation, he simply said: "Example, example, exampl,e!" If parents }Vere to take the time to list all the behaviors they want their children to modify, they would discover many of their own shortcomings. How many of us have seen a mother smack a child for hitting his younger brother or sister with the inspiring words: "This will teach you not to hit someone littler than you!" Telling children to "be good" is a waste of words if parents ignore the rules of law, show no concern for others and think only of their own needs. Courses in legal or business ethics can never teach values better than can good parents.

I would imagine no reader would disagree wit~ the above but every parent recognizes that he or she cannot achieve moral perfection in this life. All parents do and say things that they hope others will not imitate. The really troublesome parent is the one who, while acutely aware of a child's shortcomings, is blind to his or her own. A child severely punished for cheating on an exam will be the more resentful if the one who punishes has bragged about cheating the IRS. Parents who make fun of their neighbors should not be surprised if their child has a difficult time making friends among them. There is a time-honored method of self-improvement that has lost some of its popularity. An examination of conscience can be a parents' greatest ~elp in bettering the way he or she communicates values. Too many people dismiss this practice as guilt-provoking and counterproductive; however, honest introspection is good not only for your soul but for your parenting skills. Ask yourself who most influenced you in becoming the person you now are. Chances are your parents' example exerted a stronger influence than those of teachers, peers or the mass media. , A great deal of effort is spent in debating which ethical values should be included in the school curriculum and the role of the mass media in influencing people.

As valuable as these efforts are, Michael Jackson, a master of the mass media. has words of wisdom worth heeding in his hit tune, "Man in the Mirror": "If you want to make the world a better place, take a good look at yourself and make a change. Start with the man in the mirror!" The best thing a child can say about his parents is "They made the same mistakes every parent makes but they were always striving to do better." And not surprisingly the best thing a parent can say about his or her children is "They made the same mistakes every child makes but they were always striving to do better." Of course, it makes it easier to grow and change if our efforts to improve are imbued with faith in a God who helps us to grow and change at all stages of life. Our Catholic faith teaches us that a special grace of forgiveness is available in the sacrament of Penance that raises us up when we stumble or fall. Lent is the most opportune time to receive this grace that lifts us above our sinful ways, ready to encounter our risen Lord on Easter Sunday and eventually on the day of our judgment. Confident in the power of God to forgive our sins, we can truly wait in joyful hope for the coming of the Lord.

"Taking the cross" I used to hate it when my

mother responded to my childish complaints with "Embrace your cross." While she seemed to be empathetic, to me she was saying "Shut up and put up." Now I realize there's a difference between the two but I didn't when I was younger. For those reared in the "embrace-your-cross" era, it meant that, as with Jesus, we have crosses. How we accept them is a pretty . good clue to our understanding of his words, "Take up your cross and follow me." What a statement! Nobody would get elected on it today. What does "embrace your cross" mean? That if we want to truly follow Jesus, we'd better be prepared for pain and injustice. It's part of the Christian journey. He didn't promise us ongoing rose gardens. Back in the l500s, philosopher Francis Quarles wrote, "The way to bliss lies not on a bed of down, and he that has no cross deserves no crown." As American& we have grown to live in a culture of gratification. We feel entitled to pleasure, entitled to happiness. It's our right. So when we become ill or our spouse turns us in for a younger model, e

we feel cheated, even angry with God. "Sure, I'll take up my cross, Jesus," we pray, "but not this cross." We don't choose our crosses. God does. But He doesn't leave us out there carrying our cross alone. He's been there. He knows how it hurts and he promised us he will stay with us in our pain and disappointment. At the Samaritan House in Denver, a haven for the homeless and downtrodden, there is a life-sized crucifix of Jesus with one arm outstretched to the world. Often when the staff goes into the chapel they find one oftheir dispossessed family members bolding the hand, sharing Jesus' pain and garnering courage to better bear their own. It's a powerful image - holding Jesus' hand on the cross. In spite of my childhood understanding, "Embrace your cross" does not mean "Put up and shut up." The difference lies in accepting pain for its redemptive value. Jesus redeemed us but we must continue the process ofredeeming ourselves by enduring disappointment, failure and pain as a part of life. It means that we take what is valuable from our pain and use it to make us more empathetic with others and to become more deserving Christ-followers. There is a saying that goes,

Not too idealistic Many CrItics are praIsmg Pope John Paul II's encyclical, "On Social Concerns," though it is not being happily

most of those in high positions will not. They will argue that without greater armaments we leave ourselves open to attack and could end up with many more poor and enslaved people than we presently have. Powerful leaders will tell us that the political machinations of government make it almost impossible to carry out the pope's message. They may well concede the message is good and is the truth, but there will be no acting upon it. Government will go on as usual. Somewhere, though, there will

received in some quarters. The encyclical strongly questions the enormous amount of money spent on armaments by the United States and the Soviet Union. The arms race is conducted at the expense ofthe poor, the pope believes. This encyclical on the development of nations pleads with people, whether they are national leaders or not, to change for the better, to avoid consumerism, to help Third World nations, to overcome international and domestic injustice and to appreciate the Godgiven gifts of creation. But how can the urgings of the March 27 pope be carried out? For example, . 1918, Rev. James W. Conlin, trying to focus the attention of Pastor, St. Patrick, Somerset powerful nations away from the 1964, Rt. Rev. Antonio P. Vieira, arms race and toward the poor is Pastor, O.L.O. Mt. Carmel, New an almost impossible task. Could Bedford. it be that the pope is too idealistic ,March 28 and has bitten off t'oo much? What 1960, Rev. Alfred J. Levesque, good can come of his ideas? Pastor, St. James, Taunton First off, the encyclical contains 1972, Rev. Bernard A. Lav~ie, true ideas. Heaven knows we need Catholic Memorial" Home, Fall .as many of those as we can get, River especially when they encourage 1983, Rev. Dieudonne Masse, people to be more thoughtful about ~ OFM, Retired, Montreal, Canada the consequences of their actions. 1985, Rev. Howard A. Waldron, For example, one who has no Pastor Emeritus, St. Thomas More, idea he or she is polluting the air Somerset needs enlightenment. And spendMarch 29 ing enormous amounts on weap1951, Rt. Rev. Edward J. Moronry when so many people are starving is a horrendous idea that iarty, Pastor, St. Patrick, Fall River 1923, Rev. James H. Carr, needs to be rethought. S.T.L., Assistant, St. Patrick, Fall Good ideas always are in demand River and we can never get too many of March 30 them. 1963, Rev. Aime Barre, On Sick But just because an idea is good does not mean it will lead to Leave, Fall River 1985, Rev. Benoit R. Galland, action. The idea must first be accepted and taken to heart by Retired, U.S. Navy individuals. Will the powers in the March 31 Kremlin or the Pentagon do this in 1953, Rt. Rev. George C. Maxthe case of the pope's encyclical? well, Pastor, SS. Peter & Paul, To be realistic, I would say that Fall River




"Pain is inevitable. Growth is optional." How we grow through pain is our choice - growing pains, so to speak. Let's focus this week on how well we embrace our little and big crosses in the family. What crosses have we experienced that were painful but helped us to become a better spouse, parent, sibling, offspring, person? What possible value value was there to losing the big game, to having chickenpox on field day, to being turned down for the job, to being told, "I'm sorry but Daddy isn't going to live here anymore?" Can we take up the cross with Jesus and say, "I hurt. Help me with this?" Or do we rail bitterly at our lot and do unto others so that they will be in pain, too? It's our choice - not the cross, but how we embrace it. Jesus had the same choice and, lucky for us, he embraced his cross with those beautiful trusting word to his father, "Into your hand, I commend my spirit."


be those who wtll read it, teach its principles and encourage others to live out its ideals. And maybe in the near future some of those inspired by it will be in high positions themselves. It is also quite possible that some who never have really thought about the effects of consumerism will be influenced in a positive way by the encyclical. Ideas that are true and good may not always be acted upon immediately, but they do not die. The possibility that a good idea once expounded might come to fruition at some future date leads me to conclude that the pope did not bite off too much and that his encyclical is not too idealistic.

Agreements sought WINTER PARK, Fla. (NC)Lutneran and Roman Catholic scholars are working toward agreements on the role Mary and the saints play in faith life, say members of the U.S. Roman CatholicLutheran dialogue. The dialogue group is into its fifth year of discussions about Mary and the saints and is planning to publish its agreements in 1989. It last met in February at San Pedro Spiritual Center in Winter Park. 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111

THE ANCHOR (USPS-545-o20). Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River. Mass. Published weekly except the week of July 4 and the week after Christmas at 410 Highland Avenue, Fall River. Mass. 02720 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mail, postpaid $10.00 per year. Postmasters send address changes to The Anchor, P.O. Box 7. Fall River. MA 02722.

Diocese of Fall River -

Mt. Zion and the Holy City Q. I am totally confused when I read Bible passages about Zion and Jerusalem. Can you explain the significance of these places? (Ohio) A. Zion is one of two small hills or mountains on the south side of the present city of Jerusalem. It sits above the Kidron Valley, just across from what we know in the Gospels as the Mount of Olives. About 1,000 years before Christ, King David moved the capital of his kingdom from Hebron in the south to this mountain, partly because of its military position and because it was in a more neutral location for the tribes which he eventually formed into something like one kingdom of Israel and Judah. Later the temple of Solomon was built a few hundred yards north on what came to be known as the temple area. The dominant golden mosque, the Dome of. the Rock which one sees on most pictures of Jerusalem, is situated on or near the site of the temple. It is understandable therefore that both Zion, the original city of David, and Jerusalem itself came to be rich theological symbols and images in both the Old and the New Testaments. Often they would represent the entire population of Israel, as in Psalm 147, "Praise the Lord, Jerusalem! Zion, praise your God!" Frequently they were used also as images of God himself and of his presence with his people. Zion is his holy mountain upon which he has placed his king (Ps.2). People of the Old Testament immediately referred this to David. We Christians see in it a prophetic image of Christ and his kingship over the "new Israel." The temple shared in this imagery, of course, as the house of God par excellence and as a symbol for the city and the entire history of God's saving work for and with his people. As Ezekiel put it, the temple was the source out of which flowed all the life-giving grace of God, like water into a desert (Ez. 47). Mount Zion is the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, the sacred home of God and Jc:sus, the mediator of the new covenant (Heb. 12:22). In this symbolic image, Jerusalem becomes the throne of the sacrificed Lamb, the Eternal City where God will dwell with hIS people and they with him forever (Rv. 21). Q. Our parish is a sponsor for an evangelistic crusade conducted by an internationally popular Protestant oreanization. Our pastor enthusiastically supports this crusade with frequent exhortations and bulletin announcements, a collection taken up at Mass and so forth. In short, this is an official parish activity. We are told that our attending is a fulfillment of Pope Paul VI's requests in his encyclical letter on the evangelization of the nation's. I have discussed this with my pastor but he believes we must

Fri., Mar. 25, 1988



participate in order to build an ecumenical spirit in our community, an undoubted good. Should we Catholics promote such a crusade this way, affirm the "biblical assurance of salvation," be "saved" and encourage full participation and response? (California) A. Many priests and other Catholics, by far the majority I would guess, would radically disagree with your pastor. Pope Paul VI urgently asked that we develop our cooperation with other faiths, especially with other Christians, praying and collaborating with them to address social concerns in our communities and in our world. He never suggested that in the process Catholics should become Protestants or Protestants should become Catholics. From your letter and from the nature of other such crusades, it seems clear that the event you describe goes beyond real ecumenical intentions and cooperation. The kind of response invited and urged by such crusades differs significantly, sometimes radically, from our Catholic understanding of response to the call of Christ. Consider, for instance, our quite different understandings of the church and the Eucharist. It is the conviction ofthe Catholic Church and, I believe, of most other Christian churches, that our fervent hope for the unity of believers in Christ is not well served by ignoring these differences or pretending they do not exist.



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Diocese of Fall River -

Fri., Mar. 25, 1988

At last, Dukakis replies Continued from Page One

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Like his fellow Democratic candidates, Dukakis, 54, endorsed nuclear arms control efforts. "I support the INF treaty and urge the Senate to ratify it," he said. "As for my principles on arms control generally, I believe we must pursue a strategy to prevent the use of a single nuclear weapon, by calculation or miscalculation, by a superpower or a regional power or terr.orists';' . He agreed with the bIshops PO~I­ tion on the death penalty but dISagreed with them on abortion. The bishops oppose the death penalty and condemn abortion, backing legislation to outlaw it. Dukakis wrote that "I oppose capital punishment under any circumstances." In regard to abortion, he stated that "I believe that it is the individual in the exercise of her own consci~nce and religious convictions, who must make the decision on abortion." Asked if he would support a federal tuition tax credit or voucher plan for parochial school students, Dukakis answered "no" without elaboration. The bishops have long supported tuition tax credits.. Dukakis cal1ed for the Umted States to support the regional Central American peace plan promoted by Costa Rican President Os~ar Arais and criticized U.S. backlOg for the contras fighting the government of Nicaragua. "Aid to the contras violates U.S. and international law" and has become "a wedge separating us from our friends in the region," the governor said. The bishops have rejected military aid to all sides in the Central American conflict and backed a negotiated peace process. . Commenting on human nghts concerns, Dukakis wrote that "not~-


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ing justifies the theft of h.uman , dignity. Nothing: not left-wlOg or right-wing politics, not personal or economic or religious differences. There is no excuse for murder or kidnappings or disappearances." He also promised to ensure that implementation of immigration law is "compassionate and humane. I support extension of the amne~ty period" offered under Il!.w, h~ saId. He also said that, as Amencans, "we must fulfil1 our commitment to the world's oppressed" and "set an example for the world with a refugee admissions policy that is generous and free of political bias." He endorsed legislation currently pending in Congress to provide "a minimum health package for most Americans." To fight AIDS, he promised that "I will commit the resources necessary to prevent the spread of the virus, find a cure, develop a vaccine and care for people with AIDS and AIDSrelated complex." In overcoming unemployment, he urged' a national strategy of investment "in good schools and good skills ... in essential pU.blic infrastructures like roads and hIghways and transit systems and in clean air and clean water." When it comes to religion and politics, he said, "I believe in the separation of church and state. But I also believe that public policy include the pursuit of. so~ial justice respect for human dlgmty, and co~passion for those in need."

More satisfied WASHINGTON (NC) - U.S. Catholic seminarians in 1986 were more satisfied with their seminary education than their counterparts in 1966 had been, according to a· recently-published report based on a nationwide survey. The report also said 58 percent responding felt seminary enrollment should include women religious, brothers and laity. The survey was conducted by Anchor columnist Father Eugene F. Hemrick, director of research for the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and U.S. Catholic Conference, and Dean R. Hoge, professor of sociol~gy at Catholic University in WashlOgton.

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ERIC ROCHA and Jennifer Durette display some of the many St. Patrick's Day treats. (Motta photo)

Green tuna enjoyed at Notre Dame School By Joseph Motta Why are shamrocks green? . Just ask Eric Rocha, a thudgrader at Notre Dame School, Fall River. "Food coloring," Eric answers. "They cut out a leaf and then put some food coloring on it." The youngster and his 33 classmates enjoyed their turn at a fairly new school tradition last week, the annual St. Patrick's Day "Green P"otluck." While food coloring may not be among the ingredients in shamrocks, it sure was a major part of the goodies that decorated a long table in Claire Allard's classroom. There were deviled eggs wi~h green centers, green pineapple chunks and a bevy of green desserts including cake and cupcakes. Selections for weight-conscious eight-year-olds included s.alad, peas, kiwi fruit and <:elery sticks. Except for a plate of carrot sticks, Erin's favorite color abounded. Listening to Irish music, dressed in green outfits and wearing green school-made hats and bowties, the enthusiastic students settled in for their feast. Even Father Ernest E. Blais, Notre Dame's pastor, dropped by for some lime-colored cake. School principal Sister Claudette Lapointe, RJM, explained that students enjoy a big role in preparing for the event. "It's a learning" experience," she said. "So~e children become very creative when it comes to finding green." Lucille Bouchard, a member of St. George parish, Westport, and mother to Notre Dame seventhgrader Nicole Bouchard, sm.~led ~s she dished out green tuna hsh. I think this is great," she said. "Today I'm Irish!" Student Erin Flynn sipped Gatorade as she was asked why she thinks the Irish people so love the color green. "It represents their country," she said matter-of-factly. "They have a lot of grass." Mrs. Allard, resplendent in guess

what color, told The Anchor that the St. Pat's adventure came as a result of getting involved with the Weekly Reader Bookclub's Writing Pals program last year. Notre Dame's third grade was paired with a classroom in Livermore, California, she said, explaining that students are matched oneto-one and write each other each month. The Californians told the Fall Riverites that they had special parties to celebrate both St. Valentine's and St. Patrick's days. Soon, with an okay from Notre Dame's principal, the practice was instituted here. Mrs. Allard, a Notre Dame parishioner who has taught third grade at the school for about 20 years, said that in 1987 Notre Dame had a St. Pat's. party. This year, she said, both days were celebrated. Parents and volunteers have been terrifically cooperative, she added. She notes that her students love participating in the writing program, and have exchanged p~o­ tos, maps and phone calls WIth their pen pals. "We're preparing a videotape to send them," she added. "It's really kind of exciting." Mrs. Allard says some of her students from last year are still in touch with their California friends.

EDICTAL CITATION DIOCESAN TRIBUNAL FALL RIVER, MASSACHUSETTS Since the actual place of residence of DALE FITZ· GERALD is unknown. We cite DALE FITZGERALD to appear personally before the Tribunal of the Diocese of Fall River on Monday, March 28,1988 at10:30a.m. at887 High· land Avenue, Fall River, Massachusetts, to give tes· timony to establish: Whether the nullity of the marriage exists in the MOLLOMO·FlTZGERALD case? Ordinaries ofthe placeor other pastors having the knowledge of the residence of the person, Dale Fitzgerald, must see to It that he IS properly advised in regard to thiS edictal cltalion. Henry T. Munroe Judicial Vicar Given at the Tribunal, Fall River, Massachusetts, on this, 14th day of March, 1988.


THE ANCHOR - Diocese of Fall River - Fri., Mar. 25, 1988

Dear Editor: There is something wonderful about \yatching spring bulbs pushing up through hardened ground. Such visions bring thoughts of God's ever-present love and watchfulness.ln this ever-changing world there is a tendency to believe that all things are directed by humans. But upon viewing a daffodil bravely surfacing winter's crusty soil, I am reminded that the God of power sent warmth, moisture and perfection to that bulb for the flower to emerge. Human hands deposited the bulb, but whether it reaches perfection or not is God's decision. It shows me that working hand in hand with God we can bring forth beautiful blossoms. Springtime is the time of wonder and expectation. I marvel at the crocus as it emerges from cementlike soil into sub-zero mornings. Its very presence gives the viewer cause to pause, to smile and to be assured of brighter, more abundant flowers. Just as certain as I am of God's love for me, I know he'll show me that love once again in springtime flowers. Jean Quigley Rehoboth

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THEY CAN'T READ yet but these kindergarteners at St. Stanislaus School, Fall River, demonstrate they understand the Stations ofthe Cross. In an acted version of the Stations, Michael Chadinha is Jesus, Neil Romagnolo is Pilate and Jeffrey Walsh (left) and Curt Litaway are centurions. give gifts to our earthly fathers and offer prayers for those who have died, but we usually do not think of giving gifts to God. God the Father is our best friend, and the Father of us all. It makes sense to offer something as tribute to God on Father's Day. The best gift we can give is prayer, especially prayer just for the purpose of expressing love. It is a gift that all people can give.

for God. Last year I collected 60,000 prayers from people in 19 states and Canada. So far, this year, I have 90,000 prayers being said. Alii ask is two "Our Fathers" a day, from now until Father's Day, June 19, to express 10veforGod.If you would like to participate, please send your name and address and the date you begin to:

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Sunday Evening, March 27th at 7 P.M. Tenebrae Scripture Service.

Music by Notre Dame Folk Group.

HOLY WEEK: Holy Monday - March 28th at 7:30 P.M. Penance Service.

Music by Notre Dame Folk Group.

Holy Thursday - March 31 at 7 P.M. Mass of the Lord's Last Supper. Music by the Notre Dame Choir. Blessing of Bread. Washing of the Feet. Adoration at the Repository until 10 P.M.

Good Friday - April 1st 3 P.M.

Passion Service. Music by Notre Dame Folk Group. 7 P.M. Solemn Stations of the Cross.

Holy Saturday - April 2nd NO 4 P.M. MASS 7 P.M. Easter Vigil. Music by the Notre Dame Choir.

Easter Sunday - April 3rd Masses at 8, 9, 10:30 A.M. & 12 Noon




Fall River REV. ERNEST E. BLAIS, Pastor




Blessing of Palms and Solemn Procession. Music provided by Notre Dame choir.



Ps. 138:18

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Two major education conferences planned

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HOLY WEEK SERVICES Saint Anne Parish and Shrine Cor. Middle & South Main Sts. Fall River, Massachusetts

PALM SUNDAY • Saturday Masses at 4:00 and 6:30 p.m.

• Sunday Masses at 8:00, 10:00, 12 noon and 6:30 p.m. (10 a.m. will be a special children's Mass with a procession)

GIVING music her all is Sister Hannah Mary of the Daughters of St. Paul as she sings and listens during a recording session for the Dedham-based community's Krystal record label. (NC photo)


Bishops betrayed?

• Mass at 10:00 a.m. for school children • Confessionsfrom II a.m. to 12 noon and 1:00 to 5:00 p.m. • Mass of the Lord's Supper at 7:00 p.m.

• Adoration at the Repository until midnight


• Confessions in the shrine from I I a.m. to 12 noon. 1.'00 to 3:00 and 4:00 to 5:00 p.m. • Liturgy of the Lord's Passion and Death at 3 p.m.. • 98th annual paraliturgical and dramatic Way of the Cross and procession at 7 p.m.

HOLY SATURDAY • Confessions in the shrine from II a.m. to 12 noon and 1:00 to 5:00 p.m. • Easter Vigil and First Mass of the Resurrection at 7:00 p.m.

EASTER SERVICES EASTER SUNDAY • Masses at 8:00. 10:00 a.m.. 12 noon and 6.-30 p.m.

WASHINGTON (NC) Church personnel and even some bi~hops are teaching what they think the U.S. bishops' pastoral letter on war and peace "should have said rather than what it does say," says a federal government official in a new book. Church leaders teaching about the 1983 letter haye "confused the faithful," wrote Matthew F. Murphy. an information officer for the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. "Betraying the Bishops: How the Pastoral Letter on War and Peace Is Being Taught," was recently published by the Washington-based Ethics and Public Policy Center.




of Palms with solemn procession. Celebrant: Rev. Wm. ~. Campbell, past?r. Musi~: ParIsh folk and claSSical choirs 7 PM: Parish Holy Week Mission Begins. Theme: "In the Footsteps of Jesus". A "Mini-retreat" given by Fr. Giles Genest, a LaSalette Father, exploring the humaneness Jesus as seen thru His life in the Scriptures. A chance to walk with Jesus and discover His wholesomeness, and as applied to everyday life. The Retreat will commence with Eucharist at 7 followed by the program.

MONDAY, TUESDAY & WEDNESDAY: 7 AM: Lenten Daily Mass 7 PM: Retreat Mass and program


HOLY THURSDAY: 7 AM: Holy Thursday "Low" Mass 7 PM: Concelebrated Mass of the Lord's Supper and Procession followed by adoration until midnight. Homilist: Rev. Wm. G. Campbell, pastor. Music: Combined parish folk and classical choirs.

GOOD FRIDAY 7 PM: Celebration of the Lord's Passion. Celebrant: Rev. Paul E. Carrier, SJ. Music: Classical choir

HOLY SATURDAY: 7 PM: Easter Vigil: Night Watch of the Resurrection. Concelebrated Mass. Homilist: Rev. Paul E. Carrier, SJ. Music: Full music ministry, folk, classical, and Handbell choirs with brass ensemble, organ and cantor.

WASHINGTON (NC) - Two major Catholic education conferences are planned for May. From the 19th to the 26th, 300 representatives of some 20 Catholic organizations will meet in Dayton, Ohio, to discuss the future of Catholic education; and from the 23rd to the 26th a "scholars' conference" of about 100 Catholic college and university presidents will meet in S1. Paul, Minn. There is no connection between the two gatherings. The May symposium at the University of Dayton is the keystone of a "Catholic Education Futures Project," four years in the making. The symposium will include representatives from such organizations as the National Catholic Educational Association, Catholic Campus Ministry Association, National Association of Catholic Diocesan Family Life Ministers National Office for Black Catho: lies, Tekakwitha Conference National Catholic Office for Pe;sons with Disabilities, Catholic Relief Services, Leadership Conference of Women Religious, Conference of Major Superiors of Men, and departments of the U.S. Catholic Conference. Futurist issues to be discussed are nuclear prolifera-tion, the changing role of women and the family, the growing gap between rich and poor, biotechnology and the information explosion. Richard Duffy, U.S. Catholic Conference representative for federal assistance to education and one of the project's three-person leadership team, said the project's key question is "What will Catholic education look like in the year 20001" To answer that question, a "Delphi probe" has been conducted to help identify trends that seem important and to discover what they may indicate about future society. "From the pooled intelligence we hope to come up with the ingredients which everybody will agree on to form the foundation for Catholic education as it moves into the year 2000," said Duffy. The meeting will include a futurist, theologian, sociologist. Scripture scholar, religious educator and historian. "These people will react to the findings to find out whether we are on track. off track or whether 'there are things we see that you are not considering,' " Duffy said. Father J. Stephen O'Brien, executive director of the National Catholic Educational Association's department of Chief Administrators of Catholic Education, is in charge ofthe Delphi study. He said it "is a device invented about 20 years ago to try to get consensus among 'experts' in order to help predict the future." Symposium participants received some time ago a list of 50 statements about possible future events affecting education and were asked to rate them as to their desirability and the likelihood and effect of their occurr:ence:' Results of this su~ey Wert:distributed and participants were asked to agree or disagree with the ratings, giving reasons pro or con. Results of this second round were distributed and again discussed.As a result, said Father O'Brien, "you tend to get a consensus" of opinion. That consensus will be the basis for discussion in Dayton.

It is hoped that a broad agenda for the future of Catholic education will develop and become the basis for specific plans. A follow-up meeting in two to four years will track conference results.

"Scholars' Conference" The "scholars' conference" at the College of St. Catherine in St. Paul will focus on the role of education in relationship to the church and U.S. culture. The meeting is sponsored by the Association of Catholic Colleges and Universities in collaboration with the Pontifical Council for Culture. Ursuline Sister Alice Gallin, executive director of the Association of Catholic Colleges and Universities, said "the goal is to look at cultures around the world and the relationship between the church and culture and the role of the university in that." Conferees will discuss the principal challenges facing the Catholic intellectual community in the United States and a possible agenda for the next 20 years. Holy Cross Father Theodore M. Hesburgh, president emeritus o~ the University of Notre Dame, Will be the keynote speaker. ·Cardinal Paul Poupard, president of the Pontifical Council for Culture; the Rev. Martin Marty, professor at the University of Chi- . cago; David O'Brien, professor of history at Holy Cross College; and Monika Hellwig, professor of theology at Georgetown University, will also speak. The meeting is titled "The Church and American Culture in the PostVatican II Era: The Challenge to the Catholic Educational Community." A book will be published following the conference. . Holy Ghost Father Donald Nesti, conference director, said the meeting will be "an opportunity for college presidents to reflect on their educational role." Defining culture as "a web of values that constitutes a way of life," Father Nesti said the conference will be "a general reflection on the whole values question, on the crisis of values."

Paper is directed to unchurched WASHINGTON (NC) - The National Catholic Evangelization Association will publish a bimonthly newspaper aimed at unchurched Americans and distributed through parishes. The eight-page tabloid, titled Information From . . ., will be edited by Norbertine Father Alfred McBride, former director of religious education for the National Catholic Educational Association. It will focus on Christian values related to marriage and family and personal spiritual growth and will be distributed through subscribing Catholic parishes to every residence within parish boundaries. The name of the distributing parish will be incorporated into the title of the newspaper. A sample copy of the new periodical can be obtained from Robert Quirk, National Catholic Evangelization Association. 3031 Fourth St. N.E., Washington, D.C. 20017.





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Diocese of Fall River - Fri., Mar. 25, 1988


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7:00 - 8:00 PM

WEDNESDAY: TENEBRAE 7:30 PM An Ancient Evening Prayer

SACRED TRIDUUM HOLY THURSDAY: ARCHDIOCESE of Baltimore first-graders participate in the Stations ofthe Cross at a Good Friday observance. (NC photo)

Alien legalization simplified ARLINGTON, Va. (NC) With six weeks to go in the alienlegalization process, U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese March 18 announced a simplified way for aliens to apply for amnesty and said he opposed an extension of the application deadline. Archbishop Theodore E. McCarrick of Newark, N.J., chairman ofthe U.S. bishops' Committee on Migration, is among those who have urged Congress to extend for one year the period in which illegal aliens can apply for legalization. At a news conference, Meese and Alan C. Nelson, Immigration and Naturalization Service commissioner, said that from April 4 to the May 4 deadline aliens will not be required to file necessary . documentation or medical information for at least 60 days after submitting legalization applications and filing fees. The news conference took place at an INS legalization center in Arlington. Meese said the change was made because "we want every person in the United States who is eligible for legalization to apply ... if the program is over and someone has not applied, it's that person's fault, not the immigration service's." The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act allows aliens who have resided illegally in the United States since before Jan. I, 1982, to apply for legalized status using pay stubs, bank statements, rent receipts and utility bills as proof of residency. It also fines employers who hire illegal aliens. Although the agency estimated last year that 2 niillion would apply before the May 4 deadline, only 1.4 million aliens had filled out applications by mid-March. Meese said he opposed legislation proposed by Rep. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., and Sen Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., to extend the one-year amnesty program. "There is no reason to extend it. . . . People have ample time now to get their applications in," said Meese. . Nelson said he anticipated "a big rush coming" with aliens lining up to apply as the amnesty period

draws to a close. Nelson said suggestions that aliens have not come forward because they fear INS or out of concern that their families would be split up when some members qualified and others did not were based "more on myth than reality. "It is interesting that of the 1.4 million [applicants], one-third are, in fact, members offamilies. We've made it clear we will deal with members of families on a case-bycase basis," Nelson said. "We do not seek out people to deport." Referring to the large numbers of immigrants who don't qualify for legalization, Meese said "some will go home, and 'when we have what President Reagan is trying to create - a more stable Central America - the others will not have reason to want to stay" in the United States. At the news conference, the attorney general presented a 24-yearold Salvadoran woman, Alma Maldonado, who had applied for legalization through Washington's Catholic Spanish Center, with a legal residency card. In an interview, Mrs. Maldonado, who works as a janitor, said she was "very happy" to receive the card signifying her legal residency. She said her husband had applied for legalization before she had applied and she had been afraid "he would qualify and I wouldn't." At the news conference, Nelson also announced that agencies operating as "qualified designated entities," known as QDEs, will no longer be required to process applications of those seeking legalization to collect their fees from INS. QDEs are agencies that have contracted with the federal government to .assist aliens apply for amnesty in 'an official" capacity. Through diocesan offices., and church agencies nationwide, 'the U.S. Catholic Conference's Migration and Refugee Services is participating as a QDE.






7;30 PM -- Mass of the Lord's Supper followed by , Adoration un~il Midnight.

GOOD FRIDAY: A day of Fast and Abstinence 8:00 AM - Walk for Hunger 12:00 NN - Stations of the Cross followed by Confessions . 3:00 PM - Stations of the Cross followed by Confessions 7:30 PM - Liturgy of the Lord's Passion and Death.

HOLY SATURDAY: A day of Vigil 8:00 PM - Solemn Easter Vigil


Masses: 7:30, 9:00, 10: 15, 1.1 :30 AM








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Remember the Dial commercial that went: "I used Dial soap today. Don't you wish everybody did?" I'd like to revise that by saying: "I've taken a senior citizen safe driving course. I wish everybody had." That's what I thought when a busboy interrupted a late lunch the other day by asking if I had a Camaro in the cafe parking lot. When I said yes, he said I'd better check on it because there had been an accident. I was studying the "Safe Driving for Mature Operators" manual the American Automobile Association (AAA) provides graduates of its senior citizen driver program when the busboy found me. I put the manual down to find out which rules had been violated. As I carefully separated my front fender from the rear bumper of another mature driver's car, I noted the rules he had broken. He had not kept his windows clear of snow; he had not adequately checked his right blind spot, and he had kept driving while His bumper tried to remove my fender. The manual is only one of the benefits of the 8-hour, four-session classroom instruction offered by groups like the AAA, The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), the National Safety Council and others to keep us older drivers alive and accident free. Another benefit is the five to 15 percent reduction in auto insurance rates now in effect in more than 16

states. I was just notified of a $26.35 cut in my bill for the next six months. My course cost only $25. Insurance industry lobbyists objected to the discount laws, claiming they don't adequately reduce accident claims. T~ough no reliable data is available on this point, senior citizen driving courses have mushroomed. There are many reasons for their popularity. We older drivers need all the help we can get, as even my classes showed. One elderly pupil was driven to school by a chauffeur. In class, several seniors complained they couldn't see the slides or hear the instructor. The classes and the driver's manual emphasize defensive driving but stress the special problems of drivers 50 and up. Here are some of the most important things I learned. RIGHT-OF-WAY: Entering a freeway requires that you make full use ofthe entrance ramp - "Adjust speed as soon as you get on the ramp so that you're going at the same pace as traffic on the main highway by the time the "ramp ends." WHEEL CHANGE: What are the proper places to hold your hands on the steering wheel? At 10 and 2 o'clock? Wrong. I learned that decades ago, but the new positions are 9 and 3 o'clock. The instructor said it gives more wheel control. TURN SIGNALS: Check your direction indicators after making turns. Because of seeing or hearing deficits, you may not see the blinking arrow or hear the beeper announcing the signals are on. Knowing anyone of these items could be a life or pocketbook saver for you. Ask your local police or sheriff about the senior citizen safe driving course nearest you. It could save your life. It will save you money. And you can increase your years at the wheel.

1988 DIOCESAN DIRECTORY NOW AVAILABLE The Fall River Diocesan Directory and Buyers' Guide contains c~mplete dioce~an inf~rmation and amuch enlarged telephone dlr~~tory of Prl~sts, directors of diocesan institutions, parish ~ehglous education coordinators and permanent deacons. Also Included are addresses of retired priests and those serving outside the diocese. New this year is acomplete list of priests and dates of priestly ordination. . It may be ordered by telephone at 675-7151 or by mail, using the coupon below. THE DIRECTORY IS $5.00 (Plus $1.00 P~stage and Handling Per Copy). --··AN·CH()R-P~bii;hi~-ic~~----·-·-·---·---·---····---·--.-.--.-




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CLEM DOWLING, a charter Anchor subscriber and former school columnist, wouldn't miss an issue. (Motta photo)

"Senior citizen altar boy" has busy retirement By Pat McGowan

someone who's outlived family and . Marian medalist Clement J. friends. Then there are his children and Dowling, 74, self-described "senior friends chronically in need of assists citizen altar boy" at St. Mary's on home improvement projects Ca~hedral parish, is so busy in and, over the years, scores and retirement, one wonders how he scores of the young and not-sofitted work into his schedule. young he's taught to drive, earning Besides being on hand for weekgold stars without number for day funerals at the cathedral,lecpatience and teaching ability. toring, being a special minister of A charter Anchor subscriber, he the Eucharist, teaching a 7th grade CCD class and being a parish was for several years our high council member, he's president of school columnist. He's also a charthe area advisory board of the ter Catholic Charities collector, Corrigan Mental Health Center, signing on in 1942 for the first chairman of a committee working annual campaign and continuing on a proposed convalescent center through the years. Dowling's civic involvement was at Charlton Memorial Hospital, Fall River, chairman of the city's recognized some years ago' when Boys' Club personnel committee he was named by the Fall River and a longtime volunteer in Fall Chamber of Commerce as a citizen of distinction. That he's a River mental health programs. Add to that the duties that go grandfather and real or adopted with being, with his wife Cathe- uncle of distinction is attested to rine, the parent of seven and grand- by the hordes of children he's parent of 11, as well as being the taken camping, hiking and pichonorary uncle of uncounted chil- nicking over the years. And that he was a blue-ribbon dren and young adults, and there mail carrier is fondly remembered are few hours unaccounted for. by the dozens of families on the For 37 years before retirement, various routes he served. The elderDowling was a Fall River postal employee, for his last five years the ly living alone got special attention, kids looked forward to his . superintendent of the city's Flint coming and there was general sor- . branch. While working out of the main row whenever his route assignment post office, he solemnly told one of changed. Very Rev. Barry W. Wall, pashis honorary nieces that he was the postmaster general. Some time tor of the cathedral parish, paying later, she innocently made her way tribute to Dowling's devotion to to a stamp window and asked to his assignments at the altar, added speak to "my uncle, the postmas- "And I think there are a lot of things he does for people that ter general." "WHO?" demanded the startled we're not even aware of." Indeed there are. A friend sumclerk. "My Uncle Clem, the postmaster general," repeated the little med up his cheerful contributions to the city of his birth in words girl. Light dawned. "Oh, him," said written in the last century: "The the traitorous clerk. "He's asleep time to be happy is now, the place to be happy is here, the way to be in the back." Actually, Dowling hadn't and happy is to make others so." The words fit Clem Dowling hasn't much time for sleeping, then or now. With a couple oflongtime perfectly. friends, he's on the "dawn patrol" of area golfing, beating the crowds Freedom from Fear to the links three or four times "Jesus came to free us from fear, weekly. . It's one of the few things he does from fear that makes us exteriorly for himself. The rest of the day is look for security, locked doors, apt to find him visiting hospital or the bank account. ...The fundanursing home patients, taking non- mental message of Jesus is: 'Do drivers or the elderly on errands, not be afraid. I am with you!; and - shopping for the homebound or to believe in ourselves and our visiting wakes, where he's often deepest intuitions oflove.·.. - Jean among the few to bid farewell to Vanier

usee disappointed by civil rights veto . Continued from Page One version that he said would address what he called the "many serious shortcomings" of the act. The president said the bill he vetoed would "vastly and unjustifiably extend the power of the federal government over the decisions and affairs of private organizations." Reagan said his proposal would protect religious liberty by limiting coverage to the part of a church or synagogue which participates in a federal program and would protect private institutions closely identified with religious organizations on the same basis as institutions directly controlled by religious organizations. He said that, like the Civil Rights Restoration Act; his proposal included provisions "to ensure that this legislation does not impair protection for the lives of unborn children." In his statement Msgr. Hoye said that, like Congress, the USCC believes the Civil Rights Restoration Act "will do much to strengthen federal civil rights protections while safeguarding vital concerns about human life and religious liberty." Msgr. Hoye said· the USCC believes that the legislation "adequately accommodates legitimate concerns in the area of religious liberty" and he warned that the "abortion-neutral" guarantees

could be lost if the bill does not become law. The week before Reagan's veto, the president ofthe National Conference of Catholic Bishops, Archbishop John L. May of St. Louis, warned that church and other institutions could be forced to cooperate in abortions if Reagan vetoed the bill. Catholic, Jewish, and mainline Protestant leaders at a March 18 press conference in Washington criticized the Rev. Falwell's attack on the act. Father J. Bryan Hehir, USCC social policy counselor and former USCC social development and world peace secretary, was among the leaders, who also called on Congress to override President

"It was going to be a peaceful, orderly funeral procession," said Paddy Mcllkenny, a 48-year-old Catholic truck driver who was marching with his l4-year-old son near the rear of the procession. Asked for his reaction at the time to the violence, Mcllkenny replied: "I think you become immune to it." Father Alex Toner, who celebrated the March 19 funeral Mass, said in a homily the day after the soldiers were killed "we must not try to condone or excuse in any way these murders." He noted "great fear and rage" resulting from the grenade attack on March 16, but said "let no one suggest that fear and rage justify murder, any more than feelings of lust justify rape." The day before the soldiers died, Bishop Cahal Daly of Down and Connor, whose diocese includes Belfast, appealed to Northern Ireland's Catholics to reject retaliating for the earlier funeral assault. He was preaching at a Mass for a

25-year-old Catholic trade unionist slain in a March 15 attack by persons believed to be Protestant terrorists. British army officials were unable to explain why Howes and Wood were in the area after British soldiers were ordered to steer clear during the'funeral service. According to one source, a theory of the incident has the two soldiers deciding on their own to take a look at the funeral. As they sat in their parked car they were approached by two men from Sinn Fein, the IRA political wing, panicked and drove forward into the midst of the vehicles heading the funeral procession which was just rounding a curve. Their attempts to escape wedged them between a group of taxis believed to be carrying IRA men and the hearse. Supporters of the republican movement in the province, however, believe the two were on an undercover mission - a charge that British officials deny. There were 21 deaths connected with Northern Ireland's political and sectarian strife in 1988 as of March 22.


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Mexican exhibit stirs passions MEXICO CITY (NC) - Tens of thousands of Mexican Catholics recently marched from the National Palace to the Basilica of the Virgin of Guadalupe to ask forgiveness of Our Lady for art exhibitions some called sacrilegious. The demonstration was an extension of protests that closed down an art exhibit in Mexico City's Museum of Modern Art Jan. 23-24. The exhibit, by a young Mexican artist, Rolando de la Rosa, included a montage that transposed onto the face of Jesus in Leonardo

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Anger and horror Continued from Page One

Reagan's veto. Father Hehir said a church's "doctrinal positions are protected under law," and Carol B. Frank!in, policy advocate for American Baptist Churches, USA, said the First Amendment "guarantees the absolute right of churches to discriminate on any basis in the hiring of ministerial staff or those who are responsible for the inculcation of religious faith" even if federal money is received for other purposes. All Massachusetts delegates to the House voted to override the president's veto. When the needed two-thirds of votes were attained, House supporters of the override broke into cheers and applause.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Mar. 25, 1988

Sunday afternoon, March 27, 1988 at 3 o'clock at St. Mary's Cathedral Fall River, Massachusetts.

da Vinci's "Last Supper" painting the face of the late Mexican film idol Pedro Infante. Another work replaced the face of the Virgin of Guadalupe, the patroness of Mexico, with that of Marilyn Monroe. As a result of the controversy, museum Director Alberto Manrique has been fired and groups of hundreds of well-known artists and intellectuals have run newspaper ads defending the exhibit on the grounds of freedom of expression and calling for Manrique's reinstatement.

The Most Reverend Daniel A. Cronin, S. r.D.

Bishop of Fall River will preside at our celebration

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Mar. 25, 1988

Rome diocese leaves nest ROME (NC) - In a move that could save the Vatican at least $2 million annually, the diocese of Rome is taking steps to make itself financially and administratively independent from the Holy See. The Vatican-requested transition was discussed and approved in principle during a meeting in early March between Cardinal Ugo Poletti, papal vicar of Rome, and some 300 priests in the diocese. No deadline was set for the changeover, expected to be implemented gradually. The biggest effect, said a diocesan official, would be the eventual removal of about 100 diocesan curia employees from the Vatican payroll. The diocesan curia, known as the Vicariate of Rome, has been considered a dependent of the Holy See for hundreds of years; the pope is bishop of Rome as well as head of the universal church. In recent years, the Vatican has been forced to dip into its patrimony of investments and holdings to meet a chronic annual budget shortfall. In 1987, the announced deficit was $59.3 million. The salaries of 100 average employees, according to Vatican statistics available in March, would total at least $2 million annually.

to say how much the diocese of Rome receives annually from the Holy See. "We are all ready to examine the concrete possibilities. Meanwhile, the idea has been planted throughout the diocese, and that's the important thing at this stage," Father Levi said. Bishop Giovanni Marra, a diocesan official who coordinates pas-toral activities, said the major expense paid by the Holy See has been salaries of approximately 100 employees of the vicariate. "The Holy See now needs these employees to be paid by the diocese," he said. The request that the diocese of Rome "stand on its own feet" will have an immediate impact on plans for new church construction, Father Levi said. He said it was estimated that about $10 million was currently needed for building new churches in Rome's heavily populated suburbs. That construction will be postponed, he said. Pope John Paul II is. bishop of Rome, but the spiritual governance of the diocese is entrusted to the papal vicar. Most vicaria'te offices are located at the complex of St. John Lateran, about two miles from the Vatican.

A spokesman for the Diocese of Rome, Father Virgilio Levi, said the vicariate had not yet found ways to match the Vatican subsidies. He and other officials declined

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POPE JOHN PA UL II celebrates the Mass ofthe Chrism in St. Peter's Basilica. In the Fall River diocese the Mass will be offered at 4 p.m. Tuesday at St. Mary's Cathedral (N.CI UPI-Reuter photo)

Vietnam protests sainthood plans VATICAN CITY (NC) - Vietnam has strongly protested Vatican plans to canonize 117 martyrs killed during 18th and 19th century Vietnamese persecutions. A statement by Vietnam's religious affairs commission said the canonizations, scheduled for June 19, would offend non-believers and damage church-state relations in the communist country. Meanwhile, Vatican officials confirmed that at the request of the Vietnamese government a delegation of Vietnamese bishops was expected to visit Rome to discuss the issue. The Vietnamese statement said the decision to canonize the martyrs "deforms the history of our country, offends non-believers,

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WASHINGTON (Nt) - The Vatican Congregation for Divine Worship has confirmed the U.S. bishops' decision to raise the celebration of Our Lady of Guadalupe to the rank of a feast in U.S. dioceses. The Vatican confirmation came in a letter dated Jan. 8, the U.S. bishops' Committee on the Liturgy announced in its February newsletter. The bishops voted last November at their general meeting to raise the day to a feast, but the action needed confirmation by the Vatican to be official. Our Lady of Guadalupe is considered a special patroness by Hispanic Catholics. Dec. 12 is the date she appeared to an Indian in Mexico in 1531. The bishops' action gives the feast special prominence but does not make it a holy day of obligation. The Vatican decree also confirmed liturgical texts for the feast approved by the bishops in November.

corrodes national unity, harms the progress in relations between the state and the Catholic community, and creates an obstacle to the Vietnamese desire to have a relationship of good will and friendship with the Vatican." The statement said there had been no prior consultation with either the government or the Vietnamese church on approval for the canonizations. A Vatican official said such consultation is not ordinarily done, although the Vatican does take into account the "opportuneness" of canonizations and how they might affect local churches. According to Vatican Radio, Cardinal Joseph Marie Trinh Van Can of Hanoi said in a telegram to the Vatican last summer that the entire Vietnamese church was rejoicing at the announced canonizations. One Vatican official with close ties to Vietnamese bishops said he thought the government was using the canonization issue as a pretext. The government's real goal, he said, was to increase contacts with the Vatican. The martyrs were missionaries and other Catholics who died during several periods of persecution in what were then Vietnamese kingdoms.

ROME (NC) - The church must not seek "short-term" solutions to the question of women's role in the church, says Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, head of the Vatican's doctrinal congregation. "It is not sufficient to assign hurriedly some more functions to women," the cardinal said. The German-born head of the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Cardinal Ratzinger spoke about the synod - including women's issues - in an interview translated from German into Italian for the Romebased Catholic monthly 30 Giorni (30 Days). "A synod does not produce solutions ready for use, but shows rather the entire problem and helps in conscientiously coming to grips with it," he said. "The synod assigns some tasks and indicates some directions in which to find answers," he added. "But the work begins now." Among issues that need "mediation" is the difference between "the traditional (theological) discourse on Mary" and the problems of contemporary women, Cardinal Ratzinger said. The cardinal criticized the "monstrous degradation" of women, "as one can observe in all those publications where the woman is reduced to an object to acquire." "We need to enter the problems in depth" rather than create "shortterm" solutions, he added. He called for the further study and examination of the "anthropological question: What is woman, what is proper for her, how can she really obtain that place due her in the church and in society." Cardinal Ratzinger said Catholic laity should not be negatively defined as non-clergy any more than a state's citizens would be defined as non-government officials. What is important for the church to recover is the awareness that it is the strength of one's faith which is the measure of being Christian, he said. "Certainly we need priests, but also (we need) laity who accept in full their condition," he said. "The great public responsibilities" are not matters for priests but for laity, "those who know their faith and know how to translate it into practical reality," he said.

Scandinavian visit VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope John Paul II will visit the Scandinavian countries of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Iceland and Finland during the first half of 1989, Vatican Radio has reported. The announcement was made by Archbishop Henri Lemaitre, apostolic pronuncio to the five countries, during a meeting of the Scandinavian bishops.

fteering pOintf PUlLlCln CUIIIIO Ire liked to submit news Items for this column to Tlle Anellor, P.O. BOI 7, Fill River, G27n. Name of city' or town should be Included IS well IS full dates of III IctlYltlls. plelse send news of future rather than Plst events. Hote: We do not carry news of fundralsllll IctMtles suell I I bln,os. wIllsts. dances. SU1IPIrs Ind bazaars. We Ire hallllY to carry notices of spiritual prOlram" club meetlnas, youth proJects Ind slmllir nonprofit Ictlyttl... Fundralsln, proJects may be Idvertlsed It our re,ullr rates. obtainable from Tlle Anellor business office, telephone 675-7151. On Steerlnll Points Items FR Indicates Fill River, HB Indicates Hew Bedford.

LaSALETTE CENTER FOR CHRISTIAN LIVING, ATTLEBORO Silent retreats (six or eight days, April IS to 21 and IS to 23) directed by center staff members; information: 222-8530. SAINTS AND SINGERS The Saints and Singers Chorus, Inc., will present its Easter musical, "Jesus Shall Reign," 3 p.m. Sunday, St. John the Evangelist Church, Pocasset: public welcome. SACRED HEART, FR Women's Guild meeting April 4; entertainment: bowling league-sponsored yankee swap; new members welcome. DOMINICAN ACADEMY, FR Grade two students, accompanied by fifth-graders, their big sister class, celebrated St. Patrick's Day by attending Mass at St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall River. WIDOWED SUPPORT WEEKEND Joy of Living widowed support weekend retreat 7 p.m. April 22 to April 24, Family Life Center, N. Dartmouth; information: 999-6420. VINCENTIANS, FR Society of St. Vincent de Paul meeting follows 7 p.m. Mass AprilS, Our Lady of the Angels Church, Fall River; celebrant: Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes, PA, pastor. The district council congratulates the reactivated conference of St. Michael's, Fall River, and its new president, Mary M. Medeiros. A large group of new members from St. Elizabeth's Church, Fall River, are also welcomed. O.L. MT. CARMEL, SEEKONK Reconciliation for eighth graders '2 p.m. Saturday, chapel reconciliation rooms; penance service for all parishioners 7:30 p.m. Wednesday. Seminar on dealing with grief resulting from separation, divorce or death of a spouse 7:30 p.m. April7, church basement; all welcome. ST. JOHN THE EVANGELIST, POCASSET Penitential service 7:30 tonight, church. Vincentians' meeting tomorrow. IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, TAUNTON Youlh gatherings (grades seven through nine) 7 to 9 p.m. Fridays, parish center. ST. JOSEPH, TAUNTON Fourth graders recently met the challenge of learning the lengthy Apostles' Creed; they celebrated their victory with an ice cream cake decorated with the words "We survived the Apostles' Creed." CYO basketball coaches Richard Martin, Richard Beauvais and Larry Masterson are thanked for their efforts. Linda Perry was one of two persons to be cited for outstanding dedication to the local Hospice program. ST. THOMAS MORE, SOMERSET Information of Family Group events available after 9 a.m. Mass Sundays, parish center. Youth-Group sponsored Walk for Hunger begins 8 a.m. Good Friday; proceeds to benefit the Fall River Soup Kitchen and Sharing, a national hunger relief organization; information: Father David A. Costa, parochial vicar, 673-7831.

CATHEDRAL CAMP, E. FREETOWN Teams of Our Lady day retreats tomorrow and Sunday. St. Rita's, Marion, junior high day of recollection 3 to 8 p.m. Monday. K of C, SWANSEA Bishop Cassidy Council Knights of Columbus/ Daughters of Isabella communion breakfast April 17, Council Home, Milford Rd., follows 8 a.m. Mass at Our Lady of Fatima Church, Swansea; information: Ronald Rodrigues: 679-1578. FAMIL Y LIFE CENTER, N. DARTMOUTH Christ the King parish, Cotuit/ Mashpee, confirmation class overnight retreat begins today. Divorced and separated program Monday. ST. MARGARET, BUZZARDS BA Y St. Margaret's and St. Mary's Guild April activities: Easter baskets will be delivered to shut-ins by members; members will attend Mass at 10 a.m. Easter Sunday, St. Margaret's Church; meeting I p.m. April 7, center. Father Torraco will speak at communion breakfast April 24, after 10 a.m. Mass, at The Inn at Buttermilk Bay; guild members may be contacted for information. LaSALETTE SHRINE, ATTLEBORO Holy Week services: Solemn Mass of the Lord's Supper 7:30 p.m. Holy Thursday; Good Friday Stations of the Cross 3 p.m.; celebration of the Lord's Passion 7:30 p.m.; Easter vigil 7:30 p.m. Holy Saturday; Easter Sunday sunrise service including Mass 6: IS a.m.; Easter celebration for children 2 p.m., cafeteria; children up to 10 years of age accompanied by an adult welcome; features sing-a-Iong with Father Andre A. Patenaude, MS ("Father Pat"), shrine'director, and a mime pn,sentation, "The Ragman"; children will receive Easter eggs; Easter Marian devotions 2 p.m., Benediction 3 p.m. Holy Week confessions I to 5 p.m. through Holy Thursday.

O.L. VICTORY, CENTERVILLE High School religious education session 6 to 7: 15 p.m. Sunday, religious education center. Applications for the Rose and Vincent Curran and Father Tom McMorrow scholarships are available at Barnstable High School's guidance office; both scholarships open to any parishioner; deadline for return to parish office: April 30. Eight parishioners participated in a recent girls' ECHO retreat. NOTRE DAME, FR Council of Catholic Women meeting after 7:30 p.m. penitential service Monday; guest speaker (8:30 p.m.): Anchor reporter Pat McGowan; Gertrude Chouinard will chair the meeting. John Sirois will represent the parish at the diocesan World Youth Day celebration. Tenebrae service 7 p.m. Palm Sunday. BLESSED SACRAMENT, FR Dedication and blessing of new organ at 10 a.m. Mass Sunday. ST. LOUIS de FRANCE, SWANSEA Blood pressure screening after morning Masses Sunday. ST. MARY, NB Adult sacramental program meeting 10 a.m. tomorrow, religious education center. ST. JOSEPH, FAIRHAVEN Adults needed' for Senior Youth Group team; information: 994-9714.

Pope asks prayers VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope John Paul II has called for an end to "political and terroristic violence" in Ireland which has brought death and suffering to Catholics and Protestants. Speaking to pilgrims and visitors recently, he asked prayers to the Madonna ()f Knock for the "beloved land of Ireland, so that its people remain always faithful to the Christian vocation."

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Mar. 25, 19,88


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Holy Thursday, March 31 - 7:30 P.M.

SOLEMN MASS OF THE LORD'S SUPPER (Confessions: 1:00 - 5:00 P.M.) April 1 - 10:00 . 9:00

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Registrations due 3/28. Call for info. Good Friday, April 1


'Christ Is Calling You DARE TO ANSWER HIS CALL

ST. GEORGE, WESTPORT Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Charest will chair the parish Catholic Charities Appeal collection. Penance service for fifth and sixth graders 9:30 a.m. tomorrow, church; session for grades seven and eight 10:45 a.m. HOLY GHOST, ATTLEBORO A financial council has been formed; members are Noe Faria, Pat McAndrews, Dolores Norcott, Flo Fournier and Sister Theresa Bisson, OP. ST. ANNE, FR Evening novena in honor of St. Jude 7:30 p.m., Thursdays will be discontinued as of April 21 ; the 5: 10 p.m. service will continue. Cub Scouts pack meeting 7 tonight, school. SS. PETER & PAUL, FR Homework II, the parish school's newsletter, has been mailed to over 1,500 alumni and friends; copies available at church entrance this weekend. CORPUS CHRISTI, SANDWICH Five high schoolers represented the parish at the New England Regional Youth Gathering, held last weekend in Burlington. WIDOWED SUPPORT, CAPE COD Cape Cod area support group for widowed persons meeting 3 p.m. Sunday, Christ the King parish CCD Center next to St. Jude the Apostle Chapel, Cotuit; topic:路1t Doesn't Have to Be Bleak; information: 4287078 evenings. CHRIST THE KING, COTUIT/MASHPEE Children's Mass 10 a.m. Sunday. ST. STEPHEN, ATTLEBORO Children's Mass II a.m. Sunday. Penance service 7 p.m. Monday.

The Dominican Sisters ofHawthorne We have been called to love God above all else through a life ofprayer and work-caring for incurable cancer patients. Write or phone Sister Anne Marie, Rosary Hill Home, _H~~horne,N~_Thrkro~2~91~769479~

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TUNNEL OF LOVE Fat man sitting on a little stool Takes the money from my hand While his eyes take a walk all over you Hands me two tickets Smiles and whispers good luck Well cuddle up angel Cuddle up my little dove Well ride down baby Into this tunnel of love. Well I can feel the soft silk of your blouse All them soft thrills In our little fun house Then the lights go out It's just the three of us You, me and all that stuff We're so scared of WeIl there's a crazy mirror Showing us both in S·D I'm laughing at you You're laughing at me There's a room of shadows That gets so dark brother It's easy for two people To lose each other In this tunnel of love. Well it ought to be easy Ought to be simple enough Man meets a woman and they fall in love But this house is haunted And the ride gets rough You've got to learn to live with What you. can't rise above If you want to ride on down Down in through this tunnel of love Recorded, written and (c) 1987"by Bruce Springsteen BRUCE SPRINGSTEEN'S world of music. A well-known "Tunnel of Love" album is get. priest and writer, Father Andrew ting lots of attention. Sales have Greeley. recently praised the put it near the top of the charts. Catholic themes present in the Further, the album is gaining songs' lyrics. acclaim from sourCes outside the The title single offers listeners






David Melanson and Stacey Sanborn, students at Coyle and Cassidy High School, Taunton, have been selected to participate in the New England Young Writers' Conference in May at Middlebury College, Vermont. The conference will provide participants with opportunities to attend workshops with professional and student writers and presentations by editors and publishers. To be accepted to the program, students had to submit materials including a creative writing sample and an essay entitled "Why I Write." .

• • •



Seven students represented the school at a regional science fair held last weekend at Bristol Community College, FaIl River. The students - freshmen Steven Gauthier, Debbie Arruda, Melanie Morris and Michael Dyson, sophomores Lauren Santucci and Sean Twohig and senior Richard Pearce - were participants in a recent CC science fair, coordinated and judged by science teacher Karen Padelford. Respectiyely, the students' promoting projects were on "Life Forms on the Ocean Bottom Off Shore in Maine," "The Effect of Saltwater vs. Freshwater on Plant Growth," "Acid Rain," "How Oil

an~. Cassidy

High School

is Recovered from a Reservoir," "Electroplating," "The Immune System" and "Air PoIlution."

• • •

some refreshing ideas on the meaning of love. Comparing teenage rOmance to a carnival trip through the "tunnel oflove," Springsteen suggests that this journey includes "the three of us, you, me and all that stuff we're so scared of." Certainly, there is much to learn about love. The song's last verse states that our experience may not match up to our expectations. What seemed to be a simple matter can become a ride that ".gets rough." The song goes on to say that in love "you've got to learn to live with what you can't rise above." This concept of commitment is an idea not often found in pop music. Commitment includes accepting problems in the relationship that cannot quickly be resolved. For example. people may find themselves disappointed that the other person approaches life much differently than they do. They may get hurt and wonder if the relationship is going to last. Not every relationship works out. At times, we may discover that ending the relationship is the only healthy solution. However, genuine love does not give up easily. The couple faces difficulties and tries to arrive at a mutually agreed upon way to respect each other, even in the midst of contlict. Forgiveness is just as important. Even when we cannot forget, we can learn to forgive. Holding on to past hurts only deepens resentments thus stealing away any chance for love to grow. We cannot be sure what will happen when we enter the "tunnel of love." If we choose to travel without commitment, acceptance or forgiveness, our trip is likely to be brief. Your comments are always welcome. Address Charlie Mar· tin, 1218 S. Rotherwood Ave., Evansville, Ind. 47714.

trivia contest, sponsored by area merchants. The young men all plan careers in broadcasting.

• • •

Four CC students have found Nine CC students came horne their way onto the airwaves in the hope of gaining experience in the winners from Bridgewater State College's recently-held annual Nacommunications field. Senior Sean Andrews has been tional History Day. Heading the list were Lynn working as Saturday night disc jockey at a Taunton radio station . Thomas and Heather Peterson with since last faIl. His duties include their project "Frontiers in Agriculannouncing, spinning records and ture," which took top honors in doing on-the-hour news, weather the group project category. Nicole and sports. The student has also Dorthe, Christina Yelle and Tara been involved with basketball Riconscente received a third place ribbon in the same category with broadcasting for the station. Andrews plans to attend col- their"The Underground Railroad" lege, and has been accepted at New project. York University, Boston CoIlege In the individual project cateand Stonehill College, North gory, David Melanson finished Easton. He looks forward to study- second with his display "Four ing communications at one of those Waves of Western Frontier Settleschools with an eye to a career in ment." radio or television. These projects will be judged in Sophomores Jeff Rogers, Matt state competition. Sophomores Michael Monteiro, McMullen and Sean Twohig, meanwhile. have had their own Jonathan Nunes and Michael Lanprogram, "This Week in Sports." agan also submitted a project, on a local cable television station. "American Space Exploration." It The trio discuss high school, won a third prize ribbon in the coIlege and professional sports on group category. their show, and take callers during CC social studies department a regular phone-in segment. The Chairman Brian Dickinson superstudents also hold an on-the-air vised the students.

ing a handsome rogue (Rob Lowe) who becomes the love of the heiress's life. A few scenes of graphic violence and several explicit sexual encounters. 0, R "OffLimits"(20th Century Fox) - Army cop team (William Dafoe and Gregory Hines) patrolling their Saigon beat in 1968 during the Vietnam War stumble into a series of sadomasochistic prostitute murders. Many scenes of extreme violence, wall-to-wall profanity, some nudity and several suggestive sexual situations featuring prostitutes. O.R Religious TV Sunday, March 27 (CBS) "For Our Times" - CBS reports on the phenomenon of contemporary religious cults, relying largely on their research done by Rabbi James Rudin and his wife. Marcia, for their book, "Prison or Paradise."


Msgr. Ellis takes us "Beyond the Dream" The expectations, experiences and influence' oftlJe Irish, German and Italian Catholics who arrived in America during the massive European immigration (1840-1920) is the subject of "Beyond the Dream: Immigrants In America," a United States Catholic Conference production, The one-hour special will be broadcast at I p.m. Sunday on NBC-TV (check local listings). Though Beyond the Dream features such entertainment celebrities as Kevin McCarthy, Susan Sullivan, Elke Sommer, Elaine Stritch, Gloria DeHaven, Dom DeLuise and Ricardo Montalban, they are present to provide color for the enlightened and informative historical foundation set by the highly distinguished Monsignor John Tracy Ellis. "He is the cement that holds this exciting presentation together. It is his illumination of this period in American/ Catholic history that is so important to the understanding of our roots and our future," says Richard Hirsch, USCC secretary for communications. ' Waves of Irish, German and Italian Catholics arrived in this country from 1840 to 1920 and found an unresponsive federal government, intense discrimination and a church not quite ready for them. Despite numerous obstacles, the newcom~rs played an integral role in shaping the character and complexion of the nation and the church. "It would seem quite a task to relate the history of the church and a nation over an 80-year peri,od in the course of a o'ne-hour television show," says Father Joseph Fenton, executive producer of Beyond the Dream, "but with Monsignor Ellis and th'e places he takes us, the "Mother Church" in Baltimore, the Jefferson Memorial, the Smithsonian Portrait Gallery and Georgeto'wn University, we get a precise, .informative and highly entertaining insight into this special time in our history." The growth of the Catholic Church in America paralleled these eight decades of massive immigration as the Church worked to meet the social, educational, medical and political needs of these new Catholic immigrants.

"It is a sad but true fact that we as a nation and as a church know so little about our history in this country," laments Monsignor Ellis. Perhaps it was for this reason, the USCC notes, that the respected Catholic University teacher / scholar took time from his busy schedule to "sketch" some of the key elements of 80 years that changed the church in this nation. Monsignor Ellis suggests that this program will come as a complete revelation to his students and a great many Catholics and nonCatholics across the country. "I hope with all my heart that it will stimulate an interest in our history," he said. "It is a perfectly vivid slice of Catholic/ American history."

Symbols following film reviews indicate both general and Catholic Films Office ratings, which do not always coincide. General ratings: G-suitable for general viewing; PG-13-parental guidance strongly suggested for children under 13; PG-parental guidance suggested; R-restricted. unsuitable for children or young teens. Catholic ratings: AI-approved for children and adults; A2-approved for adults and adolescents; A3-approved for adults only; 4-separate classification (given films not morally offensive which. however, require some analysis and explanation); O-morally offensive. Catholic ratings for television movies are those of the movie house versions of the films. New Films "Au Revoir Les Enfants"(Orion Classics) - 'French writer" director, producer Louis Malle recreates a painful wartime memory 'in this 'touching evo'cation of an event that disrupted life in his Catholic boys' school in 1944. Three Jewish boys, including Malle's best friend, h'idden at the' sch,ool by a' priest under false names are discovered by the Gestapo': Restrained, humbling, well-acted. In French with English subtitles. Some rough lan.' , guage. A2, PG "Masquerade"(M-G-M) - Entertaining thriller that rejuvenates the old romant,ic plot about a naive. young heiress (Meg Tilly) set upon by gold diggers with all sorts of plot twists and characters who are not what they seem, includ-

Sunday, April 3, 9-10 a.m. EDT (ABC) - "Easter in Rome" Pope John Paul II celebrates Easter morning Mass in S1. Peter's Square.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Mar. 25, 1988


Swansea teens compose a Marian reflection U sing the Marian Lenten packet distributed by the Office of Youth Ministry at Cathedral Camp, East Freetown, teenagers at St. Michael's parish, Swansea, discussed aspects of Mary's life and decided that a rap, a contemporary musical spoken/ sung statement, would be a meaningful way of expressing how they see the Blessed Mother's role. Their creation follows: Mary was a virgin from a small place to whom an angel came said she was filled with grace. She had a child whose name was Jesus. He helped His father make wooden pieces.

Her child was the Savior who died on the cross. And when that happened Mary suffered a loss. She walked by His side up the steep hill. She suffered as He did but knew [it] was God's will. We try to be like her with love to give, to stand for what is true and with Jesus we'll live. The Youth Ministry packet was designed for preparation for World Day of Youth, to be celebrated on Palm Sunday at St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall River.

Sunday, April 3, 11 a.m.-noon EDT (CBS) - "Religious Special" - from S1. John the Baptist Cathedral in Charleston, S.c., Bishop Ernest L. Unterkoefler celebrates Easter morning Mass. Sunday, April 3, 11 a.m.-noon EST (NBC) - "Acts of Faith"NBC News presents a report on Easter religious celebrations around the world. Religious Radio Sunday, March 27, (NBC) "Guideline" - Father Terence Attridge, director of the New York archdiocesan office of substance abuse, discusses' DARE, the drug alcoholic rehabilitation education program.

TEENAGERS at St. Michael's parish, Swansea, work on their Marian creation.

U.S. teen plays role of St. Bernadette LOURDES, France (NC) American teen-ager Sydney Penny stars as St. Bernadette Soubirous in a new official film to be shown to pilgrims at the Marian shrine in Lourdes. The film, "Bernadette," has been distributed in Paris and other French cities. It premiered in Lourdes Feb. 16, t,he anniversary of the Blessed Virgin's first appearance to S1. Bernadette in 1858. Miss Penny, 16, appeared with Clint EastWood, in "Pale Rider" in

1985, playing a 14-year-old girl in love with him. Miss Penny, who does not speak French, learned her lines phonetically, and the voice of a French actress speaking the rough peasant dialect of the Pyrenees was dubbed In.

She also appears in the English version, scheduled to be released in the United States by Cannon Films. In a French television interview, Miss Penny, who is not a Catholic,

said that "something seemed to happen" when she played the role. Some critics said she resembles S1. Bernadette and played the role with "luminous intensity." The Virgin is not shown in the film. The film was made at Lourdes with the cooperation of church authorities. But the grotto scenes were shot at a different, although similar, site because the original Lourdes location has changed in appearance since the apparitions.


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Clemency urged for Sharpeville Six PRETORIA, South Africa (NC) - The administrative board of the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference was among groups and individuals appealing for clemency for the Sharpeville Six - black South Africans sentenced to death for the murder of a black township official. The execution, set for March 18, was postponed a month by the Pretoria Supreme Court. . President Reagan, the European Community and the South African Council of Churches also appealed for clemency for the five men and one woman convicted of 234 Second Street Fall River. MA 02721

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complicity in the 1984 lynch-mob killing of Deputy Mayor Jacob DIamani of Sharpeville. On March 17 the Pretoria Supreme Court granted a four-week stay of execution after lawyers for the six presented evidence of alleged perjury by one of the prosecution's main witnesses. On March 16 the southern Afri- . can bishops' administrative board said that "refusing clemency in these circumstances and in the face of the great volume of pleading from many parts of the world has a heartless and incomprehensible ring about it." The board noted that the six were part of a larger mob and said there had been "no clear evidence that any of the six directly caused the killing or that they suspected others of intent to kill." It said South African law and legal tradition permitted the six to be convicted "on the grounds of BISHOP DANIEL A. Cronin shares a laugh with Fathers George E. Harrison, left, common purpose," but that hangdirector of Cathedral Camp, E. Freetown, and Thomas McElroy, SS.CC., right, director of ing the six was "cruel and unnecessary and irrational." Sacred Hearts Seminary, Wareham, at a day of recollection for diocesan priests held recently at On March 15, Reagan urged the camp. Father McElroy was the day's spiritual director and Bishop Cronin offered reflecclemency for the Sharpeyille Six tions during a Benediction celebration. The day was sponsored by the Diocesan Department of', "on compassionate and humani- Education's Continuing Formation of Clergy and Laity department. (Rosa photo) tarian grounds." In South Africa, numerous blacks have been killed by other tieing Catholic. She was implicated One prosecution witness, Joseph whole investigation, including the blacks, who see their victims as by a single witness who testified at Molefe, who implicated two ofthe fact that other witnesses might collaborators with South Africa's the trial that she shouted, "Let us six, has admitted in a sworn state- have been influenced by the police," white minority government. kill him," when the mob surrounded ment that he lied at the trial. Kuny said. The six had not met before their Dlamani. Molefe claimed he was assaulted The court granted the four-week arrest and ,had no record of politiMiss Ramashamola's parish by police and was forced to impli- stay after lawyers for the six said it cal involvement. would take that long to prepare priest has described her as an cate two people, said Denis Kuny, a formal application for a new unsophisticated woman with no a lawyer for the six. The only woman, 26-year-old "It throws into question the trial. Theresa Ramashamola, is a prac- understanding of politics.











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