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dJ The ANCHOR Vol. 21, No. Io-Fall River, Mass., Thurs., March 10, 1977

An Anchor

of the Soul, Sure and Firm-St. Paul

Bishops' Parley to Study Church 路Youth' Ministry Nearly 200 clergy, religious and lay people, including Bishop Daniel A. Cronin and 12 delegates from the Fall River diocese, will meet tomorrow at Mont Marie, Holyoke, for the fifth annual convocation of the New England Catholic Bishops.

ATTLEBORO RADIO: Attleboro Deanery clergy discuss seven-part radio series on the Gospels being heard each Sunday morning of Lent from 8:15 to 8:30 on station WARA and complementing talks given Tuesday evenings at Bishop Feehan High School by Father Thomas Fallon, a.p. Seated from left, Rev. George Bellenoit, Rev. Kevin Harrington, Rev. Richard Chretien; standing, Rev. Mr. William Baker, Rev. Philip Davignon, Rev. Albert Ryan.

Name Father Ronald Tosti Anniversary Coordinator His Excellency, the Most Reverend Bishop, has appointed Rev. Ronald A. Tosti, associate pastor of SS. Peter and Paul parish, Fall River, as the coordinator for the 1979 Jubilee Celebration which will mark the 75th anniversary of the diocese of Fall River. The diocese was formally erected on March 12, 1904 by Pope Pius X, now Saint Pius X, and was the first diocese established in the United States by the pontiff. The first Ordinary, Bishop William Stang, took possession of the diocese on May 8, 1904. Father Tosti, a native of Taunton, has long been active in various diocesan activities and positions. The son of Antonio and Norm (Ginesi) Tosti, he was educated in the public school system of Taunton. After attending St. Thomas' Seminary, Bloomfield, Conn. and St. Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, Md., he was ordained to the priesthood on May 11, 1962. After serving for a number of years in Our Lady of the Assumption Parish, Osterville, Father Tosti attended Fordham University where he obtained a Master's degree in Religious Education. He served as diocesan

director of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine and is presently an Advocate of the Tribunal and an active member of the Priests' Council, in addition to his parochial duties. As the diocese prepares to celebrate in a fitting manner this historic anniversary, the many talents of Father Tosti will be certainly put to work for the benefit of -the Church. It is his Turn to Page Seven

note the Saturday afternoon general session of the convocation. Father Potvin is one of three authors of a comprehensive report on Catholic adolescents and young adults, entitled "Religion and American Youth", published last year by the U.S. Catholic Conference. He is expected to The meeting will focus on a 'provide delegates with a profile recent' U.S. Catholic Conference study showing that 6.6 million youngsters in the United States do not receive any form of regular religious education. Input from the delegates, meeting in informal group discussions during the two and a half day conBy Jim Castelli ference period, will be reviewed by the New England Bishops in WASHINGTON (NC) - Two their efforts to seek new ways major Catholic agencies have to meet the spiritual needs of backed comprehensive welfare today's Catholic youth. reform to create a federally supKeynoting the convocation on ported guaranteed minimum anFriday evening will be Bishop nual income for Americans unDaniel P. Reilly, of Norwich, able to work. Such a program should be Conn. The former vicar general of the diocese of Providence is open to all who need it and expected to discuss the mission should help keep families togethof the Church towards contem- er, the Church agencies said. One agency, the National Conporary youth, and to respond to the effectivepess of current ference of Catholic Charities Church efforts in youth minis- (NCCC), urged that the minitry. He is expected to discuss his mum income be established at reaction to the study on "the 6.6 million" and to offer some implications for the future based on its findings. A Massachusetts native, Father Raymond iH. Potvin, professor of sociology at the, CaHis ,Excellency, the Most Revtholic University of America and senior researcher at the Boys erend Bishop has announced the Town Center at C.U., will key- appointment of Rev. Richard W. Beaulieu as the new principal of Coyle-Cassidy High School in Taunton. Farther Beaulieu will assume the principalship of the diocesan high school July 1 of VATICAN CITY (NC) - In a this year. hard-hitting editorial on EastA native of Acushnet, he is West relations, Vatican Radio graduate of St. Anthony's High said Feb. 27 that the West's re- School in New Bedford. He atcent support of dissidents con- tended St. Thomas Seminary, stitutes "pure dynamite" in Bloomfield, Conn. and St. John's Communist countries which Seminary, Brighton, Mass. He trample on human rights. was ordained to the priesthood While the editorial did not on May 22, 1971 by 'Bishop Crodirectly mention recent declara- nin. tions by the Carter AdministraThe principal-elect was awardtion support of dissidents, the broadcast was clearly meant as ed a bachelor of arts degree in 1967 and a Master's degree in an encouragement from the Vatican for President Jimmy education from Boston College Carter's defense of human rights in 1971. within the Soviet orbit. At the present time Father Turn to Page Seven Beaulieu is chaplain at Coyle-

of the youth of 1977, with some thoughts on religion's relevancy to today's people and their life styles. The steering committee for this year's convocation, under the leadership of Rev. Norman J. Belval, S.T.D., Director of the Office of Religious EducationTurn to Page Seven

Catholic Agencies Back Welfare Reform Drive half the median income - the income above and below which half of all U.S. incomes fall. The median income is now approximately $12,000 a year for a family of four. The U.S. Catholic Conference (USCC) urged establishment of a minimum income "appropriately commensurate with the median income." Francis Butler, USCC associate secretary for domestic social development, said this meant the minimum income should be defined in Turn to Page Ten

Father Richard Beaulieu To Head ~Coyle路Cassidy Cassidy High School, where he also teaches religious studies. -In connection with his appointTurn to Page Seven

Vati.can Supports Western Stand




.----In This Issue------------------------_---------Family Prayer's The Pocasset Thing

Small Is Beautiful

You Won't Believe Your Jumping Eyes

Moral Choices: Aging and Aged

Religion, Sports Similar, He Says

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar.






Pol'ish-Vatican Talks

p'relate Refused

VATICAN CITY (NC) - The Polish Bishops' Conference in Warsaw has announced that the Vatican's roving diplomat, Archbishop Luigi Poggi, will begin a new round of talks with the Polish government in early March, according to a Vatican Radio report. Archbishop Poggi, 59, is head of the Vatican's delegation for permanent work contacts with the Polish government.

VATICAN CI1Y (NC) - The Vatican confirmed Feb. 25 that Pope Paul VI recently refused to receive rebel Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, since the archbishop has made "no serious act of repentance" for his traditionalist activities. In a statement from the Vatican press office, the Vatican warned that seminarians training at the archbishop's seminary in Switzerland were preparing for a "ministry which is in direct opposition to the Church and its legitimate pastors." The declaration emphasized that Pope Paul "continues to hope that Archbishop Lefebvre will understand finally what is the single path to follow which is worthy of his .faith and his episcopal ordinaation."

In recent years the archbishop has been key man in a three-way dialogue between the government, the Polish hierarchy and the Vatican. Followil1g worker agitation last summer, the Polish bishops have taken a much harder line on issues of human rights and religious freedoms in general, as well as on specific denials of freedoms. Observers believe the Church's tougher stance will probably be among topics to be discussed during the regular series of Vatican-Polish meetings. The Polish Bishops' Conference did not announce what issues would be taken up during the talks.

U.S. Bishops Agree WASHINGTON (NC) - The White minority Rhodesian government's failure to keep promises it would work toward majority black rule is indirectly responsible for increased racial violence there a U.S. Catholic Conference (USCC) offi~ cial suggested in testimony before1wo House subcommittees. The official, Father Rollins Lambert, USCC Adviser for African Affairs, repeated the U.S. Catholic bishops' support for a ban on U.S. imports of Rhodesian chrome. The bishops' support of the embargo "has not changed, despite the escalation of violence" in Rhodesia, Father Lambert said.

Archbishop Resigns VATICAN CITY (NC) - The Vatican announced Feb. 22 that Pope Paul VI has accepted the resignation of San Francisco Archbishop Joseph T. McGucken of San Francisco and named Oklahoma City's Archbishop John R. Quinn to succeed him. Archbishop McGucken, who has headed the San Francisco See since 1962, celebrates his 75th birthday March 13. Pope Paul has asked all bishops who head dioceses to submit resignations at age 75.

Restricts Missionaries SAN SALVADOR, EI Salvador (NC) Church authorities here have accused the government of Col. Armando Molina of acting "illegally" in arresting four missionaries and deporting them without previous consultation. Two others have been refused permission to reenter the country, and another priest was expelled earlier this year. Two of the missionaries expelled in the, latest move are U.S. citizens, Father Bernard A. Survil, 36, of Olean, N.Y., and Father Lawrence McCulloch, 34, from Waterford, Mich.. Both are members of the Maryknoll missions. The other two are a Belgian priest, ' Father W111brord Denaux, 37, and a priest from Colombia, Father Mario Bernal Londono, 33.

Ban Priests


(NC) Sixty Catholic . priests in Czechoslovakia have had their permission to minister withdrawn by Communist officials in the last year, according to a Czechoslovakia exile living here. Ludek Pachman, former Czechoslovakian grand master of chess, made that statement in an interview with the information bulletin Christus dem Osten '( • - - - Christ to the East") recently. Souces outside Czechoslovakia estimate that as many as 500 priests living in that nation may be banned from .exercising their ministry.

- NC

News Briefs

same day, the Pope said that such a gathering is "not intended to have any of the characteristics of bolemical dis::ussion, much less of interference in politics, but is only a celebration of a very high aim in the civil and moral order."

Disputed Election SAN SALVADOR, EI Salvador (NC) Opposition presidential candidate Ernesto Claramount and many of his followers took refuge from police at Our Lady of Rosary church here, only to be tear-gassed by the police. Claramount, a retired colonel, and thousands ·of demonstrators had been protesting the outcome of the Feb. 20 presidential electi~n in a rally at Plaza Libertad in front of the church. Charging fraud by the government party, they called' for passive resistance in speeches and posters. The rally capped six days of demonstrations, some of which drew from 50,000 to 70,000 people.

Decline Ends WASHINGTON (NC) - The "massive declines of the past decade" in U.S. Catholic elementary and secondary school enrollment "have ended" and "a much different decade can be forecast for 1975-85," said a statistical report released here by the National Catholic Educational Association. In the current 1976-77 school year, Catholic school enrollment is 3,364,000, down by 51,000, or 1.5 percent, from last year's 3,415,000 pupils, the report said. This is the fifth straight year in which the decline has been smaller than the year before.

Occupation Rejected

Abortion Moral Issue

PARIS (NC) Cardinal Francois Marty of Paris and his three auxiliary bishops have condemned the occupation of a parish church here by traditionalist followers of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre. The prelates said in a statement that the occupation of S1. Nicolas du Chardonnet church "cannot be accepted either legally or morally." Several hundred traditionalist Catholics, chanting in Latin, invaded the Left-Bank church at the close of a Sunday Mass Feb. 27, demanding their own church.

VATICAN CI1Y (NC) - Catholic opposition to liberalized abortion is not Church. interference in political affairs, Pope Paul VI declared in his Sunday Angelus talk Feb. 27. Speaking about a pro-life prayer Vigil held in Rome the

LONDON (NC) - The laity commission of the English and Welsh bishops' conference decided at a recent meeting here to launch a project to learn what

Survey Begins

·Catholic women really think on a range of topics including the ordination of women, divorce, contraception and abortion. The method will be a series of tape recorded 90-minute discussions at parish .level on a confidential basis, with no names being asked for or revealed. The tapes will be sent to the laity commission's neadquarters here for analysis.

New Marriage Guidel'ines BERLIN (NC) - The newly established East German Bishops' Conference has warned Catholics here that permission to marry atheists or non-Christians will be granted only for serious reasons and under very specific circumstances. In a pastoral letter read at all Masses Feb. 27, the bishops also deplored a rise in divorce statistics and reaffirmed the Church's traditional teaching on birth control.

Wash'fngton Appointment WASHINGTON (NC) - Msgr. Geno Baroni, 46, a long-time Church activist in civil rights, ethnic and neighborhood isspes, has been named assistant secretary in the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. He will be Assistant Secretary for Neighborhood Development, Community Affairs and Regulatory Functions, a new position.

R. I. Bill PROVIDENCE, R. I. (NC) - A bill requiring decent burials for aborted fetuses and embryos has been introduced in the Rhode Island House of Representatives by Rep. William P. McKenna (DCranston). The bill would require medical facilities performing abortions to make arrangements with funeral directors to provide the burials, with expenses to be borne by the patient, or, in the cases of welfare clients, by the state.

Tuition Cred'it - WASHINGTON (NC) - Sen. Richard S. Schweiker (R-Pa.) has introduced legislation to provide parents of nonpublic school children with a $1,000 income tax deduction or a $250 tax credit for tuition paid for schooling from first grade through post-graduate levels. Sen. Schweiker had co-sponsored similar legislation introduced last year by former Sen. James L. Buckley '(R. N.Y.). That bill, which did not include a tax credit was never brought to a vote, although the concept was brought to the floor during tax reform hearings last summer and defeated.

Necrology March 19 Rev. John J. McQuaide, 1905, Assistant, St. Mary, Taunton. March 20 Rev. Francis A. Mrozinski 1951, Pastor, S1. Hedwig, Ne~ Bedford. March 22 Rev. Joseph A. Martins, 1940, Assistant, St. John Baptist, New Bedford. EDICTAL CITATION

Diocesan Tribunal Since the actual 'place of residence of ALFRED TETRAULT is unknown, we cite ALFRED TETRAULT to appear personally before the S4cred Tribuna I of the Diocese of Fall River on March 14, 1977 at 1:30 P.M. at 344 Hillhland Avenue, Fall River, Massachusetts, to give testimony to establish_ Wh~ther the nullity of the marriage ex: IStS In BARCELOU·TETRAULT case' . Ordinaries of the flaces or other pastors having knowledge 0 the residence of the aboye person, _ Alfred Tetrault, must see to It that /1e IS prJperly advised In regard to this edictal citation. HENRY T. MUNROE Ollie/a lis

FIRST FRIDAY CLUB: For the first time in their more than 30 year history, members of the First Friday Club of Fall River were honored by the presence of the Bishop of

the diocese as their guest speaker. At last Friday's meeting, from left, Kenneth Leger, Bishop Cronin, Fred Dolan, Ray Powers.


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977


OFFICIAL APPOINTMENTS Rev. Ronald A. Tosti, M.A., as Coordinator for the Jubilee Celebration of the 75th Anniversary of the Diocese of Fall River. The appointment was effective March 4, 1977. Rev. Richard W. Beaulieu, M,Ed., as principal of CoyleCassidy High School, Taunton. The appointment is effective July 1, 1977.



Fall River

Vineyard Religious Board A Marriage Encounter will be held on Martha's Vineyard the weekend of March 25 through 27 unrler ausnices of the Vineyard Religion Center. Reservations may be made with Bruce and Ann Turner, 54 Dewey Ave., Whitman, Mass., or at the Island Religion Center on Circuit Avenue, Oak Bluffs 02557. Sister Evelyn K. Dailey, RSM, Island religion coordinator, also announces that plans are in the making for an island-wide religious education board, which would assist in planning, programming and sponsoring religious programs and would include members from each Vineyard parish. The new group will hold an meeting' this organizational month and elect officers. To

Benedictine Oblates Oblates of St. Benedict will hold a day of recollection beginning at 9 a.m. Sunday, March 13 at Portsmouth Abbey, Portsmouth, R.I. The program will include two conferences and two meals will be served. Further information and reservations may be obtained from Mrs. Frank S. Moriarty, telephone 672-1439.

Citizens For Life The Greater Fall River Chapter Massachusetts Citizens for Life has re-elected Pamela Smith Chairman. Hillard Nagle has been elected Vice-Chairman; Secretary, Jeanne Gilbert; Treasurer, Mary Reilly. Elected Fund-raising Chairman was Sheila Farrelly, Somerset; Voter Survey Chairman, Terry Raymond, Swansea; Membership Chairman, Margery Fayan, Somerset; Education and Development Co-Chairman, Wilson Curtis and Terry Raymond. New members of the Board of Directors Greater Fall River Chapter Massachusetts Citizens for Life include: Hon. James A. O'Brien, Jr., Atty. Frederick J. Torphy, Hon. Beatrice H. Mullaney, City Councillor John Medeiros.

serve are Mrs. Janice Belisle, Mrs. Donna Gazaille and Mrs. Doris Mercier from Edgartown; Mrs. Lois De Bettencourt, Charles Downs and Mrs. Donna Joyce from Oak Bluffs; and Mrs. Elizabeth Cook, Mrs. Rose Anthony and Pierre Hebert from Vineyard Haven. Representing youth will be Justine Lemenager, Edgartown; James Maseda, Oak Bluffs; and Katie Ferro, Vineyard Haven; while Sister Evelyn will represent religious.

BISHOP DANIEL A. CRONIN (left), congratulates Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes (right), diocesan director of the Catholic Charities Appeal, on the success of the 1976 Appeal and extends best wishes for even greater accomplishments in the 1977 drive. Rev. Francis L. Mahoney, associate pastor at Immaculate Conception Church, Fall River, smiles approval.

Bishop Cronin Anticipates Su'ccessful 1977 Catholic Charities Appeal

Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of Fall River, in a meeting with the priest directors of the Fall River Diocesan Catholic Charities Appeal is optimistic that the 1977 Catholic Charities Appeal will be Birthright of Greater Fall highly successful. It is the goal River will hold a workshop for of the Bishop and the Priest prospective volunteers from 9 Directors to surpass the 1976 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturday, March Appeal which reached over one 19 at Clemence Hall of St. million dollars for the first time Anne's Hospital, 243 Forest St., in the history of the Appeal dating back to 1942. This success Fall River. There will be a small regis- will be realized with the cooptration fee, which will include eration of the priests, parisha luncheon, and reservations ioners and the thousands of may be made with Marilyn . friends of the Appeal. Bishop Cronin reviewed last Coughlin, telephone 672-7713, or year's Appeal. He stressed the Pat Sullivan, 674-0425. The Fall River unit of the in- allocations of the funds to the ternational organization, now in various apostolates of the 'dioits third year, has served over cese. These many apostolates 200 young women and seen over come under the heading of 40 pregnancies through to a suc- Health Care and Care for the cessful conclusion. It offers wo- Elderly, Pastoral Activities, Demen with unplanned pregnan- velopment of Religious Personcies understanding counseling nel, Social Services and Child and any legal, financial, medical Care and Education. Rev. Msgr. Anthony M. Gomor other aid that may be re. es, diocesan director of the Apquired. The March 19 workshop offers peal, stated the methods, provolunteers the opportunity "to cedures and mechanics of the listen, to guide, to understand Appeal. The five deanery areas and to love" young women at a of the diocese will hold meet· crucial time in their lives, say ings of the priests of each deanery to elaborate on the proorganizers. cedures of the Appeal. The priest directors of the Appeal in each Mass Ton'ight area will address· these meetings. A Mass for deceased Members A unified action and cooperation of the Catholic Woman's Club of every area were stressed to of New Bedford will be offered make the 1977 Appeal another at 7:30 p.m. tonight at St. Law- success for the benefit of the rence Church, New Bedford. many apostolates funded by the Very Reverend John P. Driscoll, Appeal. pastor of St. Lawrence's and' The Appeal's Kick-off Meetmoderator of the club, will be ing will be held on Wednesday, celebrant. A club meeting will April 13 at 8 p.m. at the Bishop follow at 8:30 p.m. at The Wam- Connolly High School, Fall Rivsutta Club, County Street. er. Over 900 members of the

Plan Fall River Birthright Day

clergy, religious and laity of the diocese will be in attendance. Bishop Cronin will be the main speaker. Rev. Peter N. Graziano, director of the Social Service Department and Special Apostolates, will explain the work of this important apostolate funded by the Appeal. The Special Gift Phase of the Appeal will be held from April 18 to April 30. The Parish House to House Campa.ign is scheduled for Sunday, May 1 from 12 no<;>n' to 3 p.m. Over 105,000 homes in the diocese will be visited by 17,000 voluntary solicitors for contributions to the Appeal. This phase ends officially on May 11. Meeting with the Bishop were the following priest directors: New Bedford - Rev. Manuel P. Ferreira, pastor of St. John the Baptist Church; assisted by ;Rev. George F. Almeida, assistant pastor of Mt. Carmel Church. Attleboro - Rev. Bento R. Fraga, _11111111"111111111111111111111"1111""111'1111111111111111'1'1""1IIIIrI.'I'"IlIlIIIII""'lllIIllllllr ••

THE ANCHOR_ Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, • Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02722 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mall, postpaid $5.00 per year.

pastor of' Holy Ghost Church; assisted by Rev. Roger L. Gagne, pastor of St. Mark's Church. Taunton - Rev. Walter A. Sullivan, pastor of Sacred Heart Church; assisted by Rev. Leonard M. Mullaney, assistant pastor, Immaculate Conception Church. Fall River - Rev. Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes, pastor of Our Lady of the Angels Church, diocesan director and Fall River area director; assisted by Rev. Francis L. Mahoney, Immaculate Conception Church as area director; Cape Cod and the Islands - Rev. John F. Andrews, assistant pastor, St. Francis Xavier Church, Hyannis, area director.



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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977

Administration and .Human Rights One wonders if there is a crack developing in the Iron Curtain. The extreme nervousness that the Communist countries are clearly demonstrating concerning the efforts of human rights activists is becoming only too obvious. Their sensitivity to any criticism in this matter is a true indication of how they would like the entire subject of human freedoms buried in the depths of Siberia. Despite criticism from some of our Western allies, Germany for example, a word. of support and confidence must be given President Carter in his determination to speak out on the matter as he tries to uphold the principles of the Helsinki agreement. The assurance of Secretary of State Vallce that despite Soviet objections, concern for human rights in other nations will continue to be part of United States foreign policy, is indeed encouraging. Realizing that this issue is one of the fundamental values of our .l,1eritage and one of the basic contributions that this nation h-as made to the progress of peoples throughout the world, the firm stand that is now being made in the face of severe Russian objections, gives the people of this country a sense of purpose and determ~nation once more. There are some who might feel that the so-called "detente" that has been created between the Soviet and U.S. governments might suffer as a result of our administration's firm position on the rights of man. For most of us, detente has been a one-way street, useful to the Soviet bloc when a given situation is in its favour. From the refugees that have fled to the West in recent months, it is only too obvious that detente is a mere 'political ploy. The Russian bear still prowls the lands of the captive peoples of Eastern Europe. The concept of personal freedom is not to be found in any Russian manifesto. We must always remember that the Iron Curtain was built to confine people and ideas. The present administration must be commended for its efforts not only to assure a firm support of the Helsinki accord but also to give personal witness to its belief that our most valuable possessions are our personal rights and freedoms.






A Methodist minister ... and two Catholic priests ... stand side by side . . . in a Roman Catholic church . . . He will pre.lch at the wedding ... as the priests and people listen . , . The bride is Protestant ... the groom Catholic . . . the congregation mixed. The happy celebration of a marriage . . . in which priest and minister ... together with their people from Protestant and. Catholic parishes . . . join in blessing the union of two lovers ... from different faith traditions . . . is a symbol of growing unity . . . among Christian chur,:hes. It seems fltting ... that a wedding ... is the occasion for two congregations ... to join in celebration ... in common worship ... Like marriage ... ecumenical bonds are rooted in a love . . . courageous enough to unite people . . . who are unable to foresee . . . what shape the growth of their union will take. Like Jesu:; ... lovers and Christian churches ... pray ... "that. they may be one" ... as Jesus and the Father are one "that their unity may be complete" (John 17:21-2il) Their mutual love ... and their trust in God's guiding presence' makes possible ... each step toward closer unity into an unpredictable future.

Protecting Church Property


The recent wave of violence and vandalism that has affected church property in the diocese is not only senseless but shameful. Just in the past few weeks, thugs attempted to steal a tabernacle even while clergy and laity were in the church building. In other events of this nature, the record 'of profanation reads' like a case study in sacrilege. Chalices have been stolen from churches, stained glass windows have been smashed and rectories ransacked. What is happening to church property and those things that we Catholics consider sacred, is a daily occurrence for home and property owners throughout the area. The results are just about the same when it comes to punishing the guilty: nothing. Those who .are responsible for protecting the rights and freedoms of the citizen just pass the buck. Police complain that their efforts are fruitless because- courts refuse to act. The courts scream that there is no more room in prisons. The politicians just shake their head in mocking disapproval. The vicious circle goes on and on.


Well, something can be done. First and foremost at the ballot boxes. In a situation where the elected officials of a given community refuse to cooperate honestly in crime prevention and offer merely token efforts, they should not be re-elected. After all, in many cases it is political partisanship that has stagnated the court system. This has been well established by the court reform procedures now under way in the Commonwealth. In situations where there is proven guilt, the criminal shoUld not be just sent home with a slap on his or her hand. If the 'situation demands it, why not make the person pay for the damages inflicted? I{ this can't be done, why not some form of public service? Just to let the habitual criminal, and there are many, go scot free, time and time again, is a mockery of justice and freedom.

The Age of Kissinger By Jim Castelli It would be appropriate to look back over the eight years of American foreign policy under Henry Kissinger in any event; it is even more appropriate now that he has become the first departing Secretary of State, at least in rÂŁcent memory, to teach at a Catholic univerity.Kissinger will spend six months at the Georgetown University Sc1.l001 of Foreign Service and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Kissinger's popularity was once so high that when Gerald Ford became President following Richard Nixon's resignation, one of his first acts was to assure the world that Kissinger would remain as Secretary of State.

'But recent public opinion polls showed a growing loss of confidence in Kissinger's policies and Jimmy Carter ran in large part against Kissinger in the fall presidential campaign. One important way to look at Kissinger's record is in terms of morality in foreign policy. Kissinger said he placed himself with the school of thought which believes foreign policy should not use the language of morality; moralism in foreign policy, this school believes, leads to self-righteousness and cold war-type crusades. But Kissinger did cite one major moral purpose as the cornerstone of his policies - achi~ving peace and avoiding nuclear war. This motivation was behind his greatest successes detente with the Soviet Union,


Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Dio'Cese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., SJ.D. EDITOR FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATOR Rev. John F. Moore. M.A. Rev. Msgr. John Regan ~leary

Presl-fall River

opening new relationships With China and negotiating a Middle East settlement. Kissinger said he believed that the best way to further the moral goal of world peace was to foster cooperation among the superpowers-the United States the Soviet Union and China. He believed that this cooperation would lead to resolution of disputes in other parts of the world. But his emphasis on superpower relationships may have led him to misjudge the importance of international economic issues and the power of the underdeveloped nations. For example, the Overseas Development Council, a nonprofit "think tank" on development issues, said 1975 marked a change in American foreign policy from one of confrontation with the developing nations to cooperation with them. Kissinger did not pay much attention to economic problems until the 1974 oil embargo and the attention given the world food crisis the same year. The most consistently controversial aspect of Kissinger;s handling of. foreign affairs was his approach to the human rights issue. He was often opposed by church groups, including the U.S. Catholic Conference, for support to nations which denied human rights to their own people. . Kissinger appeared to believe that the violation of human rights within any particular country was less important than the balance of power he sought to achieve to bring about his larger goal of world peace. For example, when Congress passed the Jackson-Vanik amendment requiring that the United States deny the Soviet Union "most favored nation" trade status until it gave assurances that Soviet Jews would be free to leave the country, Kissinger argued that the United States did not have the right to intervene in the internal affairs of another country. But in Kissinger's term of office the United States aided the "destablization" of the government of Marxist President Salvador Allende of Chile. A number of church groups, primarily missionaries such as the Maryknoll Fathers, sharply criticized what they saw as American disregard for Chile's national sovereignity. An editorial in America, the weekly Jesuit opinion journal, suggested toat Kissmger's approach to morality was his undoing. "It can even be argued," .the editorial said, "that where his policies were the most ruthless, they also proved to be the most ineffeG:tual. "The bombing and invasion of Cambodia in 1970, for example, did not bring victory in the Vietnam War, but instead plunged a relatively neutral nation into five years of waste and suffering that ended with an intransigent Communist government in control." Was Kissinger's "willingness to violate the national sovereignty of small nations, and to accept the suppression of human rights in governments friendly to the United States, a pragmatic failure as well as a moral failure?" America asked.

ROME (NC) - About a million people ·around the world have spent a weekend in a Marriage encounter, a movement that is curently getting a foothold in Communist East Europe, according to the priest responsible for spreading Marriage Encounter worldwide. Father Charles Quinn, New York archdiocesan coordinator for Marriage Encounter and the man in charge of the movement's international expansion, visited Rome recently to participate in Italy's first Marriage Encounter weekend. After his Italian visit, the priest left for Zagreb, Yugoslavia, to talk with Encounter couples in that Communist nation. "A conservative estimate would be that about 500,000 couples have made the weekend with worldwide Marriage Encounter since its beginnings in 1969," said Father Quinn in an interview here. The· vast majority, he pointed out, are Americans, But the movement is making :broad strides in 24 countries in Latin America. Europe and even the Far East, he said. "We hope to begin soon in Poland," Father Quinn reported. Marriage Encounters are already being held in Japan, the Philippines and Kore~, he said. Some of India's 6,000 Marriage Encounter couples are preparing to hold a weekend in Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon). Speaking of his visit to Zaggreb, he said several Yugoslav couples there heard about Marriage Encounter from relatives in Kansas City. "So two couples and two priests learned English specifically to make the trip to the United States to see what Marriage Encounter is all about." In one year, about 140 couples have taken part in a Marriage Encounter in Yugoslavia, according to the priest. International cooperation also made possible Italy's first Marriage Encounter weekend, said Father Quinn. Couples from Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York made a trip to Rome to assist about 20 ~ English-speaking couples in their first Encounter. Marriage Encounter enthusiasts here hope to hoid an Italian language weekend soon. Father Quinn said that among his priorities for expansion of the weekends abroad will be greater promotional efforts among American armed services personnel. Americans will have a chance to witness Marriage Encounter's international character during the last weekend of June when about 100,000 people are expected to attend the Los Angeles International Marriage Encounter Covention. Funds donated at American Encounter weekends help launch initial weekends in other countries, Father Quinn said. But once the Encounters are started, direction of the movement in other countries is left to participants in those lands, added the priest.


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977

Marital Program Spreads Into Eastern Europe

Bishops Talk About Communion 'in Hand WASHINGTON (NC) - u.s. ton couple that Communion in bishops will talk about Communion in the hand during an executive session at their general meeting in Chicago May 3-5. The discussion was requested by "a number of bishops". through the. National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB) Committee on the Liturgy, according to Divine Word Father Thomas Krosnicki, associate director of the committee's secre·tariat. Last November, the NCCB Administrative Committee turned down a request from a Bos-


the hand be allowed as a means of preventing swine flu. Now the committee has decided to put the matter on its closed-door agenda, it said in a news release, because "another public discussion of the matter by the bishops in May might distract attention from other matters on the agenda of the general meeting." The bishops had debated the question at general meetings in 1970 and 1973. Balloting did not give it the needed two-thirds majority.

WHO. CARES ...? FIRST CEREMONY: Beginning the season of Confirmations, Bishop Cronin anoints candidates at St. Mary's parish, Seekonk, aided by Rev. Edward C. Duffy, pastor, left, and Very Rev. John J. Smith, episcopal vicar for the .Attleboro-Taunton area.


Start Family Prayer Units At St. John1s l Pocasset The worldwide "Families for Prayer" movement will get under way this Sunday at St. John the Evangelist parish, Pocasset, where Rev. James W. Clark, pastor, has announced the beginning of a five-week spiritual renewal program emphasizing the movement founded by the late Father Patrick Peyton, CBC, famed for his promotion of the family rosary and his slogan, "The family that prays together stays together." Homilies on family prayer will be preached throughout Lent at St. John's and booklets explaining the program have been distributed throughout the parish, which has been divided into sections, each headed by a coordinator responsible for promotion of the spiritual movement. Also to be used in the program are films, slides and posters, all highlighting the need, timeliness and value of daily family prayer. At preliminary meetings for p~rish leaders, "Families for Prayer" representatives and Father Clark outlined the basic procedure of the program and the thrust of its message. In the course of the five week series prayer will be considered as an encounter with God, with self and with others, and family prayer will be presented as a response to Christ in the family. Also emphasized will be the vocation and mission of the family in bringing Christ to the world.

Won't Participate CHICAGO (NC) - The Catholic Press Association (CPA) has declined to participate in a proposed $7 million collection for the Catholic communications media, complaining that the $280,000 earmarked for the Catholic press "indicates an evident disregard for this service."

The pragram will close with an endeavor to bring about a permanent commitment by parish families to shared daily prayer. During its course special liturgies will be celebrated at St. John's for participants. "Families for Prayer" has its headquarters in Albany, N.Y.



Asia Conference HONG KONG (NC) - More than 100 Catholic leaders in Asia began a week-long meeting here Feb. 27 to consider new forms of ministry for the ·Church in Asia. The Pan-Asian Colloquium on New Ministries in the Church in Asia hopes to identify common ministerial needs of the Church in Asia and to propose solutions to these problems. Several cardinals, including Cardinals Jaime Sin of Manila and Julio Rosales of Cebu. the Philippines, and about· three dozen other bishops joined theological experts, priests, Religious, catechists and laity for the week-long gathering. The Filipino bishops earlier this month issued a pastoral letter critical of the martial law regime of President Ferdinand Marcos, accusing him of repressive measures against Church personnel and organizations in the name of national security. Since last year the Asian churchmen and their colleagues have been conducting preparatory discussions for the meetings in their respective countries Their findings were to be presented as four zonal reports (from East, Southeast and South Asia, as well as the Philippines, Asia's only Catholic-majority· country), and these were to serve as the starting point of the colloquim.

Dear friend, Who cares about refugees and war victims in the Near East? Who cares if the baby born tonight in a refugee tent will have a clean blanket? Who cares if eager breadwinners deprived of their livelihoods can be re·trained for new jobs? Who cares about the orphans of war? Our Holy Father cares. Ever since these wars began, our Pontifical Mission for Palestine has been caring in practical terms: shoes, blankets. hot meals, medicine. new houses, new classrooms, self-help family loans, re-training, scholarships. The world is beginning to care a lot about the hazard to' everyone's peace in the unsettled status of 1,800,000 war victims. While diplomacy remains boggled, your priests, nuns and ~ay workers are feeding, hE\aling, teaching, mend· mg the peace person-by-person - by caring where it counts. We believe that you care too. About shivering children, about Christ's homeland, about peace, about the humane thing. The headlines of recurring crises in Lebanon and the Holy Land will not let your caring rest. W.e beg you to invest in people who need you, With the handy coupon below. Your gift will go to work right away. And thanks for caring, Monsignor Nolan ~








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MSGR. JOHN G. NOLAN. National Secretary Write: CATHOLIC NEAR EAST WELFARE Assoc. 1011 First Avenue. New York, N.Y. 10022 Telephone: 212/826-1480


THE ANCHOR-Diocese ofFal! River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977

Richard Daley and the Politics of Neighborhood By



It was ironic that Richard Daley should die at the time when many Americans are beginning to rediscover the value in the only kind of politics he ever knew, the politics of neighborhood. The house in which Daley was raised was only a few doors away from the house in which he lived out his final years. Every morning when he went to the only parish church which was ever his, he passed the funeral home from which he knew his lifeless body would be brought before it entered the church for the last time. A corner grocery store, the bar across the street, the fire station at the other end of the block, the

parish church and its adjacent funeral home, the old "ethnic" houses (many of them now painted brilliant red, yellow, blue, and green hues) - this was his neighborhood for almost three-fourths of a century. Yet that block in Bridgeport. was m'Ore than just part of Daley's fundamental power base, his ward organization. It was also the implicit model for his whole political style. As sociologist Gerald Suttles has pointed out, the neighborhood is that place In the complex urban checkerboard where you assume it is safe to trust other people. The essence of neighborhood politics is to keep that trust alive. By "trust" is not meant the warm, sugary affection of the pop psychologists or the murderous honesty of the encounter cults; it is rather the feeling of the various individuals and groups in the neighborhood that they have not been left out of the "action." Irr the neighbor, hood you can trust that your leadership will make decisions

only after they have learned . what is the minimum you "can live with." Professor Jack Douglas (in the book "Public Employee Unions: calls "the uniquely American way of building tru:,t and cooperative order among the many ethnic and interest groups . . . the political machine:' Douglas argues that the basis for Daley's ability to keep Chicago solvent was his skill at dealing with the public employee unions. Daley madE) the unions part of his administration while Mayor Lindsay turned them into adversaries. Douglas suggests that there are two options open to big-city mayors in dealing with the pUblic employee unions, either you have, a~ in Chicago a "close system of cooperation" between city hall and the unions, pr you turn your uniQlls into enemies and eventually maintain public order by huge and budget-crushing payoffs to them. By making the unions participants in the city government rather than adversaries of it you get

off without having to pay so much of your searce city mon~y. You treat the unions, in other words, like they were part of the neighborhood, and they will be responsible about the welfare of the neighborhood. You either practice the politics 01 the neighborhood in a big city or you are caught up in· the system of "rational," "efficient," and "moralistic" governmentwith which New York folk are' all too familiar. You "deal" with people to bring them into the action or you exclude them from the action altogether. As Douglas says: "Behind the sensational news stories about corruption, the machines were actually complex associations of diverse groups bound together by personal and practical .- incllJ~ng gainful ties. These associations were important in giving the man at the bottom a sense of direct participation in the city's life as well as II feeling of security and trust which inspired his cooperation."

Gilbert Keith Chesterton saw it long ago on an afternoon in Notting Hill (from which came his classic vision of localism, "The Napoleon of Notting Hili"). He said, "The essential of civilization, a chemist's shop, a bookshop, a provision merchant for food, a public house for drink . . .' a little row of shops . nobly flanked by a small pub, and a: small church . . . In the comparatively crystaline air of that romantic village, I heard the clear call of a trumpet. And once for all I drew my sword ... in defense of Notting Hill:' Chesterton's Notting Hill and Daley's Bridgeport: not much to the hate-filled journalist but attractive to those who have the vision of small being beautiful. As the twentieth century comes to an end, it will become clear that in an urban civilization he who cannot govern in a neighborhQod should not be trusted to govern· anywhere. Copyright, 1977 Universarl Press Syndicate

I Intend To Stay · Others Are Troubled By


, Conversations with my friends often get around to what's happening to the Church not on a scholarlv plane, but on a personal levei. We talk about why kids aren't responding to the Church, why adults are drifting away. Some of my adult friends who have drifted would like me to believe they are base about the whole situation. They've left ... but it makes no diference. Yet, it must make a difference, because they Keep talking about it. I believe they are troubled. They have also caused me to reflect on' something . . . something they keep asking me . . . why I stay. Since I disagree

There was a strong parallel with some Church teachings such as .birth control or women between serfs and. laity. The people were the peasants, the priests, why don't I leave? I believe I stay for the same clergy were· the educated. That reason others leave . . . change. was the way it waf: . . . no one . Some leave because of changes questioned. No one dared. If I lived at that time and in the Church; I stay because of changes in society. I see it this didn't like what my landowner way: was doing, I could have been Many, many years ago people executed. if I didn't like what couldn't explain natural pheno-' the Church was doing, I could mena. They attributed all to be excommunicated. God. Thunder was His anger, But I didn't live then. I live sun His benevolence, comfort in a time when democracy and His reward, pestilence His pun- free enterprise have developed. ishment. Sacrifices had to be Education has reached the masoffered, homage paid to earn ses. Instead of blaming God for His good graces. droughts, we irrigate lands..InSome of these same attitudes stead of seeing a plague as developed regarding the visible God's punishment, we improve "gods," the temporal rulers. living standards, develop vacKings were chosen by God, they cines. had to be appeased the same We no longer tolerate tyranway. ny in our governments. We no As the Church· developed, the longer regard our leaders as Pope and bishops were on a par having been touched by the with the kings. The fears were hand of God. They must coneasily transferred. For hundreds vince us they are honest, and of years it was easy to keep serving the interests of all the . people . . . or we have civil upthis subservience going.

risings, or Watergates. If I'm dissatified with my government, I can leave or try to change it. I feel the same way about my Church. I'm not leaving. I've been through the stage of dissatisfaction that comes down to "What's the ChurCh doing for me?" I've lost that old awe of the hierarchy. I no longer believe that the Church has a sure-fire guaranteed ticket to Heaven. I see the Church as having the potential of a real teaching influence in people's lives . . . the ability to help people to live as Jesus asked us to, fostering a true spirit of Christian love that would lead to the betterment of all mankind. Living in a time when dictators are overthrown and presidents are impeached, I expect better: of my Church than "be,cause we said so" or "because that's the way we've always done it:' I expect my Church to deve-

lop into a mutually respectful relationship - a loving one between laity, clergy and hierarchy as we journey together toward eternity. And I believe that I, and all lay people, have a duty to make it happen. As my life has changed I no longer believe that the Church has answers to every question. The Church won't provide me with instant spirtual security . . . for there is no such thing. In short, I've lost by absolute, unquestioning, adoration of the hierarchy. And when I did, I started to grow in my faith. The Church cannot keep my allegiance by force or fear. I stay because I believe that I can help the powers in Rome to start living Jesus' second Commandment . . . "Love your neighbor:' How can the Curia learn to do that if everyone has moved out? I intend to stay . . . to call back over the fence to them . . . to be a friend they can love instead of the peasant they rule.

The . Bullock Report - An English View By


In a highly controyersial report issued Jan. 26, a British government commission proposed that membership on boards of large companies be divided equally between union and management directors, compelling business executives to share decision-making with labor representatives. The report was drawn up by a committee of key trade unionists and aca-

demics under the direction of Allan Bullock, the distinguished Oxford scholar. Copies of the Bullock report are not yet available. in the United States; but Bernard Nossiter, London correspondent for the Washington Post and a trained economist, says it goes even further than existing co-determination or co-management plans in Sweden and West Germany. He predicts it will touch off a major debate that {:ould last for years and influence industrial practice everywhere in the West. "The question of worker participation," he says, "has not yet aroused much interest among American unions: but social legislation in the United States typically lags behind Europe.

The outcome of the ~rgument (in Great Britain) if, likely to affect not only union" on the continent but· someday could reach the United States as well:' That "someday," in my opinion, will be a long time coming. American labor has never shown any interest in European-style co-determination. Twenty years ago, George Meany, then president of the American Federation of Labor and now president of the combined AFL-(;IO, spoke to this issue in a feature article in Fortune magazine, "What Labor Means By More."

'co-determination' - the representation of unions on the board of directors or in the active management of a company. In Germany, where trade unions have endorsed such a plan, codetermination emerges from a peculiar background - the' political use of corporate power by cartel management. And in that country it has some logic as a means of maintaining economic democracy. Here in the United States, with a different background and tradition, with a different kind of management . . . co-determinaiton has no reality:'

For American labor, Meany wrote, "I can say flatly that collective bargaining in not a means of seeking a voice in. management. We do not ...rant so-called

Meany, in taking this position, was, undoubtedly speaking for the majority of American labor leaders then and now. But while it is true that Am-

erican labor does not want codetermination in the sense of union representation on boards of directors of U.S. Companies, it does wanta voice in determining all matters directly affeding the interests of the workers. American labor will continue to press for this form of co-determination (if it can properly be so designated) through the medium of collective bargaining. Indeed some think American labor, by concentrating on a very flexible kind of collective bargaining, may have achieved at least as great a measure of co-determination or co-management as the labor movements of Sweden or Germany have effected through legislation like that now being proposed for Great Britain by the Bullock Commission. '

Vatican Supports West

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977


permitted Marxims to "impregnate not only the proletarian masses in various countries but also many intellectuals and students." "It took the dissent in Eastern European countries to reveal that, at the heart of the West's concept of democracy, there is a secret which is infinitely younger, more seductive and basically more revolutionary than the whole superstructure of the Marxist dialectic, that is, a certain concept of man, of his dignity and of his rights." The radio said that the West's vision of man "constitutes pure dynamite in the face of any regime which tries to violate it, or for any ideology which does not give this concept of man concrete historical application." Continued from Page One The West, continued the edjfeeling that this occasion will be a unique opportunity to streng- torial, "professes an 'internathen the bond of devotion and tional humanitarianism' through loyalty that already exists am- which it feels called upon to ong the faithful of this diocese. take action in places where In commenting upon his ap- ideological and political pluralJUMP FOR THE BOOKS: St. Victor's School at Monroe, Wis., claimed a world recpointment, Father Tosti stated: ism is not granted, where opin- . ord for rope jumping after 46 children completed four turns on a 100 foot rope without "It would seem that many op- ions are crimes paid for in pria miss. They submitted the mark to the Guinness Book of World Records and gave the or in mental asylums or son, portunities for growth in faith can result from such a jubilee. through torture, or even by world something to jump at. (NC Photo) Certainly, beyond the celebra- death." tion of three quarters of a cen"The warnings and diplomatury of history, the entire dio- tic countermoves (of the Comcese of Fall River can use this munists) will not be able to ORCHARD LAKE, Mich. (NC) American culture, Wrobel said. Polish-American," he said. "In occasion as a time of rediscover- silence . the protests (of the - Polish-American intellectuals "Ther$! just is no homogeneity in fact, we don't really understand ing and enhancing that bond of West), said the radio, "because who look down on working Polish - American culture. We what Polish-American culture is. unity that is ours in common be- if those governments were to class Polish-Americans are have to understand that there We have never studied it. Polishliefs. It is further hoped that be silent,. they could very quick- "Uncle Stanleys," a Detroit an- are numdrous cultural differ- Americans have never been the by effective cooperation on the ly be voted out of office." thropologist, Dr. Paul Wrobel, ences within Polonia," objects of study in their own part of many, in union with the said here. Polish-American culture is right to discover what is the Bishop and clergy of the diocese, The 33-year-old Wrobel, wl1s>se "not just Polish and not just reality of their day-to-day life," our family of faith can come to study of a Polish neighborhood " " " ' _ ' _ " ' _ ' ' ' '_' ,_" Continued from Page One an even deeper awareness of in northeast Detroit sparked de-. Christ's presence in our midst:' ment the diocesan Department bate among Polish-Americans of Education has issued the fol- earlier this year, said the major lowing statement: problem facing Polish-Ameri"Rev. Richard Beaulieu's ap- cans "is that of class." pointment as principal of CoyleContinued from Page One He said working class Polish CCD for the Archdiocese of Cassidy High School will be ef- men have a poor self-image beHartford, has provided a heavy fective July I, 1977." cause society disdains them. "It "In January the Holy Union is a tragedy that the Polish in- : The Post Office has increased from 13 to 25 : schedule of discussion sessions and periods for group feedback Sisters who staff the school an- telligentsia are among those in : cents its charge to THE ANCHOR for notification : in order to allow the maximum nounced that Sister Virginia society who look down upon amount of participation by all O'Hara was resigning from the these people," Wrobel said in a : of a subscriber's change of address. Please : principalship in order to assume discussion with the faculty of : help us reduce this expense by notifying us : involved. Bishop Louis E. Gelineau of the community position of Pro- St. Mary's College here, a center : : immediately when you plan to move. Providence, 1977 Chairman of vincial Treasurer. The Holy Un- for Polish studies. ion Sisters were approached Region One (New England) of "I call them 'Uncle Stanleys,' Please Print Your New Address Below : the National Conference of Ca- and the entire Coyle-Cassidy fa- They actually believe the stereo- : tholic Bishops, has indicated that culty was asked to make re- types and don't want to be idthe Bishops of New England are commendations and/or apply entified with the working class," , NAME , greatly interested in the opport- for the position of principal. AfIt is "dangerous" for anyone ter consideration of these recomunity to learn of local concerns to make value judgments about mendations, Father Beaulieu was what is good or bad in Polish- : STREET ADDRESS...................................................................... ~and needs. selected and his appointment apDiocesan Delegates , Apt. #, CITY, STATE................................................................ , Diocesan delegates to the proved by Bishop Cronin. "Mr. Michael Donly has con- Vatican-India meeting are Rev. John J. Stea: NEW PARiSH.... : kern, chaplain of Bishop Stang sented to continue to serve in Standoff , High School, North Dartmouth, the capacity of assistant princiVATICAN CITY (NC) - A : DATE OF MOViNG.................................................................. : who will chair the delegation; pal," standoff between the Vatican Christian Witness Rev. John J. Perry, campus minDiscussing his new position, and India over the government's : And please attach your OLD ANCHOR AD- : ister at Southeastern MassachuFather Beaulieu said: "Over the desire to have some say in the setts University, named to chair small discussion groups; Sister past five years, I have had the naming of bishops on the sub- : DRESS LABEL below so we can update your : continent has been temporarily Rita Pelletier, SSJ, diocesan opportunity of working closely : overcome, according to reliable : record immediately. director of religious education; with a truly dedicated faculty sources. Sister Rose deLima Clark, RSlYI, and with many deeply committThe government of Indire administrator of St. Vincent's . ed parents who have been a Home, Fall River; James F. source of inspiration to me. Ca- Ganhi, now engaged in a naDavid, New Bedford, and Mrs. tholic education at the second- tional election campaign, has : Paste Old Address Label Here : Charles Fuller, Buzzards Bay, ary level demands a great deal withdrawn its opposition to the parish religious education coor- of Christian witness for us to naming of several bishops and be credible to our students and the creation of four new diodinators. ") ceses in India. Also Edward C. Smith and to our community. : CLIP THIS ENTIRE FORM AND MAIL TO: : The government had blocked "I am looking forward to furStephen Avila, seminarians; and David Fortin, Susan Perreira, thering the principles and phil- the appointments for several Rebecca Nunes and Robert osophy of Catholic education months. here at Coyle and Cassidy, and Tension over the naming of Coache, students. P.O. BOX 7 - FALL RIVER, MASS. 02722 : For the first time, The An- I am confident that with con- bishops in India began about : chor will report the Bishops' tinuedprayer and cooperation two years ago when the Gandhi THANK meeting, with Father John from everyone concerned, the government asked the Vatican : Moore, editor, accredited for vision of our school will con- to clear all episcopal appointments with state officials. tinue to expand." press coverage.

Continued from Page One According to the radio, the Cold War based on military po. wer is evolving into a new phase. "One new aspect of the current (East-West) conflict is found in the fact that it centers around principles," said the editorial. "During the Cold War the world felt that the West could have only overcome or at least held its own against the Communist bloc on the level of military might, but it had nothing to fight back with on the ideological level." This situation, the radio said,

Father Tosti

Polish Say They Don't Need 'Uncle Stanley'

Father Beaulieu

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. THE ANCHORThurs., March 10, 1977

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butable to aging are treatable illnesses. On the other hand, normal physiological changes occurring with age should not be .considered as signs of disease. Death, of course, is the natural completion of life, so to make the goal of bi.ological research the prolonga·jon of life, by the alteration and frustration of the natural order would be foolish and idolatrous. To have the goal of research an understanding of the aging process so as to make the middle years extend over a greater span seems more logical and complementary to the natural order. , In addition to the biological research' necessary to understand aging" intensi ve research is needed in the psychological and behavioral aspects of the aged.

The aged are defined as those over 65, who comprise about 10 percent of the total U.S. population. By 2030, they are expected to reach 17 percent. The elderly are a diverse group with individual differences often more prominent than similarities. Bernice Neugarten of the University of Chicago makes a useful distinction betweeI! the young-old· (those 60-75) and the old-old (75 and above). According to Herman Brotman, consultant to the Senate Special Committee on Aging, 68 percent of the noninstitutionalized aged are in good to excellent health, although' 80 percent in this group report they are suffering from some chronic but nondisabling condition such as arthritis, deafness, poor vision, hypertension, or heart condition. This seems to indicate aging is Studies have' shown that aptied to health. It is not. 75 percent of the proximately The aging process proceeds through the total life span in all aged population is intellectually the cells of the human body. The and socially able, vigorous menrate of this process. varies from tally, and capable of full participerson to person and appears to pation in society in all aspects. be influenced by factors such as When declines in function ocgenetic constitution. cur, the causes are- not always The· average life expect.ancy in biological aging or diseases, but the United States in 1974 was may be social isolation, poor 71.9 years overall, with. 68.2 economic status, bad nutrition, years for males and 75.9 years and the like. for females. Integration of the aged in soAt the extreme, in mid-1975 ciety is the norm. Witness the there were 7,000 persons receivincreasing political clout of the ing Social Security benefits who had' proof they were 100 years organizations of the elderly. Institutionalization is jimited to a old or more. . The aging process functionally small fraction of the aged. It may seem unfair that exis always expressed as a slowing of the biological psychologi- penditures for health of the aged calor behavioral process, not are greater than their percentnecessarily a deterioration, so age of the population. but each that it is usually not reduced, or aged person has essent.ial rights as a fallen but redeemed creadestroyed, only slowed. In other words, the older per- tion of God, so the worth, digson may do arithmetic, drive a nity, and humanity of such a car or garden adequ~tely, but person must be respected. slower than they could earlier. In addition, justice would deAlthough illness, particularly , mand that the burdens and the of a chronic nature (the so- benefits of society be distributed called degenerative diseases) has in terms of merit, need and faira higher incidence among the ness. The needs of the aged for aged, it is by no means a part asistance in income maintenance of the aging process. Inness is and for essential services are only modulated by the aging great, particularly among the process, a fundamental charact- "old-old." eristic of all cellular life. oft is a matter of justice that Since aging is a result of fun- the essential needs of the elderdamental biological changes, the ly - for income maintenance, process can affect the course of health care, socialization,' intetreatment of diseases usual in gration and independence the aged. Many symptoms .attri- should be met. These conditions

are brought about by the biological and behavioral changes due to this natural process of aging. The needs of the elderly by their previous work, accomplishments, and contributions must be recognized as legitimate and must be met under this principle of justice. With modern technology, the biological processes that cause death may be delayed for periods of time. This modern technology has benefits. In certain· circumstances, severely depressed or non-functioning biological processes can be sustained until the natural repairs allow functions to resume without artificial support. 'But modern technology also has its curses. It may, under certain circumstances, be applied improperly, unnecessarily delaying the fulfillment of life in the natural order - death. This situation has created an ethical problem for health care workers - physicians, nurses, technicians. When should they use technology as, an extraordinary means of therapy? Pope Pius XII wrote of the need to use ordinary, but not extraordinary, therapeutic means. But now, 30-some years later, technology has brought difficulty in defining ordinary and extraordinary. Many times health work-

Studies ~ AlcohoUsm NEW HAVEN, Conn. (NC) Columbia, the official magazine of the Knights of Columbus, has devoted its entire April issue to a study of alcoholism. .In one of four feature articles, Jesuit Father James J. Royce says that the promise of an alcoholic' to stop drinking without seeking help could be compa~ed to a cancer victim telling a spouse, "After tonight, no more cancer." In "Alcohol- the Respectable Drug" Father Royce points out that "nobody wants to be an alcoholic any mor:e than he wants to have cancer. This is why all the threats and pledges and promises are useless." The priest is senior professor of psychology at Seattle University where he founded and now directs the Alcohol Studies Program.

ers differ 'with laymen on those terms. This situation has brought pressures for a resolution through the political process. Thus, we see the moves for legislation for death with dignity (the living will) and for legislation to define death (brain death). These pressures will certainly continue until a consensus is achieved by society. One hopes this consensus will be achieved within the moral stance of respect for life in all its phases, including its culminationdeath.

IRS Information At the request 'of the Internal Revenue Service, the Diocesan Department of Social Services and Special APostolates wishes to bring the following notice to the attention of The Anchor readers. With the rising costs in utility rates combined with the inflationary spiral of the economy and the worst winter season in a century, many of our lower income people are hurting financially. We urge these people to take full advantage of the Earned Income Credit (EIC) section of the Tax Reform Act 'of 1976. Through the EIC many lower income workers are entitled to receive a special payment or credit up to $400. and are not aware of the fact. In general, if your earned income and/or adjusted gross income is less than $8,000. and you paid more than half the cost of keeping up your home and you have a child under 19 years of age or a full-time student or disabled dependency exemption, you most likely: are eligible for the full credit of $400. In short, many who qualify would not need to file a Federal income tax return with the Internal Revenue Service this year except to obtain the credit and they may not receive a tax package. Others may find it difficult to follow tax instructions or may overlook the credit. These people need to be informed of the law and their rights. If you are in doubt about your eligibility, contact your local IR~ Office for more detailed information. In difficult times every penny counts and this credit is no small item.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977

Question (orner ?•




By }'ather John Dietzen Q. During a blizzard near our town, four men died - frozen to death. One was talking on a CB radio to a lady, but due to the plowing snow, couldn't tell where he was. If he could have talked with a priest on the radio and asked for absolution, would the priest have been able to give it? (Iowa) A. No. The sacraments are always actions of Jesus, in Hic; Church, acting through human beings. (the minister of the sacrament involved) and through the outward sign of word and action that makes the sacramental encounter happen. For this, personal presence is required be· tween the minister of the sacrament and the one receiving it. Just as a priest could not be ordained, or a sick person anointed, over the radio or the telephone, so one cannot receive the sacrament of Penance that way, either. This does not mean, of course, that a person in the situation you mention is spiritually abandoned. His spirit of faith and trust in God, his sorrow for sin and his desire for the Eucharist and the sacrament of Penance can bring him the forgiveness of his sins and. the other helps from God that these sacraments are intended to provide in such a time of need.

Q. If the priest of one's parish does not allow certain liturgical practices approved by the ChUrch, is it permissible to go to another parish for Mass? Could I join that parish? A. These are big questions, but

perhaps they are closely related. Without getting too involved in theology, we, must remember that the Church, while made up of millions of members, only really "lives" in the comparatively small community of Christians who pray, and especially offer the Eucharist, together. This is where the Church finds its identity, where it meets Christ, where it becomes identified with Him in His death, resurrection, and glorification. For centuries, this kind of community meant a locality, a small area in which a gro\!p of people lived, and did nearly p.verything together. Our Catholic traditions and laws concerning parishes developed in 'such situations. In today's more mobile society, however, except in small towns, it is hardly more than a legal fiction to say that members of a parish are "neighbors." A person's "community" is far less likely to be based on where he lives than on his work, education, recreation, social life and even on his religious and apostolic activities, including the liturgy itself. Thus, the Church recognizes national origin, for instance, as







such a consideration in establishing nation (Irish, German. Italian, Polish, etc.) parishes, as distinct from parishes based solely on geographical boundaries. Today especially, the Church allows wide varieties in parish liturgies. Not only Masses, but the whole spirit and atmosphere of parishes will differ, depending on how both priest and people understand the Church and the liturgy, and what they believe a Christian community ought to be. Current regulations of the Church seem to recognize these kinds of factors since they simply ask Catholics, insofar as it is convenient, to participate in Divine worship and hear th~ word of God in their own parish church frequently - obviously, therefore, not to the exclusion of other churches. (Code of Canon Law No. 76) Your second question is more complicated. In one sense, since most parishes are territorial, one does not normally join a parish any more than he joins . a diocese. He is simply in one. For the reasons mentioned above, policies and attitudes in most parts of the country are much more flexible in this regard than formerly. In his sincere concern for the health of the whole church family, however, a Catholic should certainly preserve some sense of respon· sibility toward the people of the parish in which he lives, eVt!n though he may attend and participate in another parish community as well. (Questions for this column should be sent to Father Dietzen; in care of The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River, Ma. 02722.) If you are waiting for an ans-

wer to your question, please ~ patient. It will be answered, but due to the number of readers who have sent queries, it will take some time.


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JUBILARIAN: Sister Alma Lamontagne, CSC, of St. Anthony High School, New Bedford, will mark her golden jubilee in religious life at a noon Mass Sunday, March, 13 at St. Anthony Church, New Bedford. Her brother, Rev. J. Nelson Lamontagne, SSS, of St. Jean Baptiste Church, New York City,'will be the celebrant. Daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. George Lamontagne of New Bedford, the jubHarian taught in elementary and secondary schools in New Hampshire and Connecticut for 45 years before retiring from the field pf education. She is now working in the St. Anthony cafeteria. As well as her brother, Sister Alma has two surviving sisters, Mrs. Henry Soucy and Mrs. Frank Silva, both of New Bedford.


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Sister Mary Christopher, O.P. of the Rose Hawthorne Lathrop Home, Fall River, was the speaker at a Women's Guild meeting held last night.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977

Carter to Address Notre Dame Exercise NOTRE DAME, Ind. (NC) Unless a not-yet scheduled international economic summit conference interferes, President Jimmy Carter will give the commencement address and receive an honorary degree at the University of Notre Dame May 22. Carter accepted a Feb. 8 invitation from Notre Dame's pres-


ident, Holy Cross Father Theodore Hesberg. Carter said the only possible conflict would be the May summit, whose dates have not yet been set. Carter would be the second president to deliver the commencement address at Notre Dame and the fourth te receive a degree.

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UNEMPLOYMENT CONTINUES: Claimants stand in long lines at the New Brunswick, N.J., state unemployment office during the peak of the recent fuel crisis which idled thousands 'of workers. Msgr. Francis Lally, of the U.S. Catholic Conference, said in a written statement before the Senate Budget Committee that President Jimmy Carter's jobs plan is "too modest in its goals, too reliant upon indirect approaches."

Catholic Agencies Back Welfare Reform Laws

Where The Entire Family Can Dine Economically FOR RESERVATIONS PHONE (617) 675-7185 or (617) 673-0821

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welfare reform must be tied to Continued fron Page One terms of a perc,entage of the full employment- the guaranmedian income and was not tee of a job for everyone able meant "to contrast with the Ca- and willing to work. Both agencies have backed stronger jobtholic Charities position." The usec and the NOCC made creation programs than those their statements in separate offered by the Carter Adminiletters to Secretary of Health, stration. Education and Welfare Joseph , "Our present welfare strucCalifano. Califano had asked the ture violates the dignity and agencies for their recommenda- self-reliance of individuals and tions as part of the Administra- families," Msgr. Corcoran said tion's study of the welfare sys- in his letter. "It lays unrealistic tem. demands on the poor, provides An HEW spokesman said hun- discriminatory benefits on the dreds of agencieB and govern- basis of categorization and asment figures have been asked sumes that the bureaucr!icy can for recommendations. Califano best determine how funds should has set May 1 as a deadline for be allocated within the individoffering proposals to the Ad- ual families' budget." ministration. Msgr. Lally said, "Our present The U.S. Catholic Conference welfare system often harms famis the civil action arm of the ily life by not assuring an adeU.S. Catholic bishops. James quate income; by creating inRobinson, USCC director of gov- centives for a father to leave ernment liaison, sent Califano his family;' by not sufficiently a memo on welfare reform pre- providing for the - basic needs pared by Msgr. Francis Lally, of s'ome fanrilies,particularly secretary for social development those of low-income working and world peace. men and women. The NCCC lettrr, sent by the "Any proposed welfare reform organization's executive director, Msgr. Lawrence Corcoran, should include measures to rec- ' said "our member agencies and tify the provisions of our preinstitutions, collectively, are the sent system that are detrimentlargest nongovernmental provi- al to family life. It should reder af human services in the United States. Both Catholic agencies said Educators Concerned

About Resegregation

IMPORTANT NOTICE St. Jean Baptiste Ca~holic Elementary School Cor. of Tucker and Lamphor Sts. - Fall River, Massachusetts

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WASHINGTON t(NC) - There is a growing concern among Catholic educators about the need to preserve racially integrated Catholic schools and to prevent the "resegregation" of those schools, according to Fa. ther James Sheehan. A child who does not attend an integrated school, he said,"is not going to grow up prepared for the world he will live in."

He Changeth Not "Consider seriously how quickly people change, and how little trust is to be had in them; and cleave fast unto God, Who changeth not." -St. Theresa of Jesus

flect a recognition of the importance of parents begin in the home and of parental responsibility for the care and welfare of their children. Msgr. Corcoran urged Califano not to back a rapid change in the welfare system because the present economy cannot support the kind of program needed. He listed ,an "improvement" in the present welfare system that would not involve a total reform: federalizing the present system, with a federal minimum for benefits, federal financing, federal eligibility standards and federal administration. Following is a summary of the NCCC positions: -The minimum income should increase with the cost of living. -No person should be made worse off by the federalization of welfare. The federal government should pay 50 percent of the cost for states with minimums higher than the national minimum and pay all administrative costs for supplemental programs. -To encourage work, benefits should be reduced by only half of each dollar earned. -"Our preference at the present time is the use of tax credits as a basic vehicle for insuring economic justice for ~he working poor as well as the unemployable poor." Both the usec and the NCCC favor replacing food stamps with ca'sh. But they disagree on whether to "cash out" other benefits. The NCOC said hous~ng subsidies, social services, special nutrition benefits and health insurance programs should not be cashed out. The USCC said "all benefits programs, such as low-income housing, food stamps, and Medicaid should be integrated with a reformed welfare system." IBoth the usce anc;l Ncce said the poor themselves should have a voice in determining the welfare reform policy and should be allowed to manage their own incomes.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977

The Parish -Parade Publicity chairmen of parish organizations are asked to sUbmit news Items for this column to The Anchor. P. O. Box 7. Fall River. 02722. Name of city or town should be Included. as 'well as full dates of all activities. Please send news of future rather than past events. Note: the same news Item can be used only once. Please do not request that we repeat an announcement several times.

ST. JOSEPH, NEW BEDFORD Confirmation candidates will make their commitment as dedicated Christians at a meeting to be held from 7 to 9 p.m. Wednesday, March 16 at the church. The program will include a presentation on the significance of baptism as initiating individuals into the Christian life. FALL RIVER ST. WILLIAM, The "Chicago Club" of the parish will hold its dinner dance Saturday, March 19 at the Coachmen Restaurant, Tiverton, R.I. Members are requested to pick up their tickets and guest tickets at the rectory this week. Roger Wilson, Mrs. Vivian IBurke, Mrs. Janice Bernier and Mrs. Joseph lBurns are in charge of arrangements. ST. JOHN OF GOD, SOMERSET The Women's Guild will meet at 8 p.m. Wednesday, March 16, with the agenda including bingo and a report on the unit's annual fashion show. All CCD teachers will meet at 7:30 p.m.' Thursday, March 17 in the church hall. A planning meeting will be held at 7:30 p.m. Tuesday, March 22 in the rectory basement for a roast beef dinner dance to be sponsored by the Holy Ghost Committee. Committee members and others willing to assist in the project are asked to be present. ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER :Classes for new lector candidates will begin at 5 p.m. Sunday, March 13 in the lower church hall. All are welcome to attend. Registrations for the parish school will be accepted from after 10:30 a.m. Mass until noon Sunday, March 13. SS. PETER AND PAUL, FALL RIVER A whist party will be held at 1:30 p.m. Sunday, March 13 in the Father Coady Center, with Mrs. Frank Galvin and Mrs. Etta Connors in charge of arrangements. ST. JAMES, NEW BEDFORD The annual Ladies' Gui.ld Mass will be celebrated at 6:30 p.m. Wednesday, March 16, followed by a supper in the church hall with Rev. Ronald A. Tosti of SS. Peter and Paul parish, Fall River, as guest speaker, Tickets are available from Mrs. Ephraim Jeffries, chairman, or Mrs. Kathleen Walden: The guild will sponsor a cake sale after all Masses the weekend of March 19 and 20. Donations may be brought to the church hall from 2 to 4 p.m. Saturday. Mrs. Edmund Quadros is in charge of the event. SACRED HEART, NEW BEDFORD All married couples are invited to attend a Marriage Encounter information night in the parish c~nter at 8 p.m. Sunday, March 20.

ST. LOUIS DE FRANCE, SWANSEA A film on child abuse will be presented at the Ladies of St. Anne Sodality meeting to be held at 8 p.m. Wednesday, March 16 in the parish hall. Janet Iwanski, chairperson, has invited any interested persons to attend the showing. ST. ANNE, FALL RIVER A penitential service for second grade children of the parochial school and the CCD program and their parents will take place at 2 p.m. Sunday, March 13 in the school auditorium. A program on parish spiritual renewal will be presented Monday and Tuesday, March 14 and 15 by 1{ev. Robert S. Kaszynski, pastor of St. Stanislaus Church, Fall River. Rev. R. Gabriel Blain, O.P., pastor, will lead a May pilgrimage to European shrines. Parishioners are invited to participate. BLESSED SACRAMENT, FALL RIVER The Women's Guild is sponsoring dinner theatre trips to a Jerry Lewis performance at Warwick Chateau de Ville, Sunday, April 24 and to a Sandler and Young presentation Sunday, May 22, also at Chateau de Ville; also a five-day bus trip to Virginia and reservations may be made with Mrs. Rudolph Ouellette, telephone 674-4050. ST. GEORGE, WESTPORT The Women's Guild will sponsor a cake sale following all Masses this weekend and the unit also plans a' social hour each second Sunday of the month, at which coffee and pastries will be served. ST. JOSEPH, FAIRHAVEN A film, "Master Controlled," depicting the need of Christian witness will be shown at 8 p.m. Saturday, March 12 in the school hall. Admission will be free. ' OUR LADY OF PERPETUAL HELP, NEW BEDFORD Polish specialties will be featured at a foods sale to be held from 10:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. today through Saturday in the church hall. Members of the Polish Roman Catholic Union will meet for 9:30 a.m. Mass Sunday, March 20. A business session and dinner will follow in the church hall, with Star of Liberty Society No. 1145 as the host unit. HOLY NAME, FALL RIVER Altar boys will meet in the church at 2:45 p.m. today. ST. JOSEPH, ATTLEBORO A novena to St. Joseph will begin today, following the 9 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. Masses. Senior citizens will meet at 11 :30 a.m. tomorrow and the drop-in center will be open for youth from sixth grade up from 7 to 9 p.m. Knights of the Altar will meet following 9 a.m. Mass Saturday, and Knights and Junior Corps members will pick up prizes and canned goods from noon to 2 p.m. Sunday for a forthcoming penny sale.


TO SPEAK: Dr. Joseph R. Stanton, famed surgeon and pro-life advocate, will speak at the Diocesan Council of Catholic Nurses meeting to be held at 2 p.m. Sunday, March 20 at St. Patrick's church hall, Wareham. The physician is the author of numerous medical papers, primarily in the field of hypertension. He is a founding member and president of the' Value of Life Committee of Boston and a director and secretary-treasurer of Americans United for Life of Washington, D.C.. Bishop Cronin will be among guests of honor and participants in the Wareham program.

Cape Nurses The Cape Cod Council of Catholic Nurses will meet at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, March 16 in the parish hall of St. Anthony's Church, East Falmouth. Mrs. Leo Delaney will speak on the legal aspects of nursing and all area registered, licensed practical and student nurses are invited to attend.

64 Nfi'w Friars . In reception and profession ceremonies held in January in Guatemala City, Guatemala, 64 Central American aspirants either entered the Franciscan Order or advanced to first promises as friars. An outdoor ceremony to accommodate the overflow crowd was held January 10 at the Franciscan Novitiate for Central America at Mt. St. Francis, outside Guatemala City, for 37 candidates to the Order. American Friars belonging to the New York Province of the Immaculate Conception are one of the member groups. The Vice Master of Novices is Friar Jack Hoak, O.F.M., of McKeesport, Pa. On January 16, in the spacious Franciscan Church of Cristo Rey in Guatemala City, 27 novices marked the completion of their formal probation with profession of the Rule of St. Francis and promises to observe faithfully according to that Rule the poverty, chastity, and obedience which are the hallmarks of religious life. Among the newly professed was an American, Friar Robert McClellan, of Chicago. The new friars will continue priestly studies at St. Bonaventure Seminary in the capital city.


Church In Bad Shape

ROME (NC) - Vatican officials are hoping against hope that the Charter 77 movement for human rights by Czechoslovakian dissidents plus world pressure for enforcement of the 1975 Helsinki accords will break the 30year freeze in Vatican-Czechoslovak relations. Among roadblocks placed in the way of normal evangelizing activities by the government are: -On-the-job harassment of parents who enroll children in religious education courses; -Refusal by the government to permit the naming of residential bishops in 10 of the nation's 13 dioceses; ~ -Total suppression 'of religi-

ous orders ,and withdrawal of permission to function as priests from as many as 500 clergymen; -Alarmingly rapid secularization of soCiety, which observers say is evidenced in high abortion and alcoholism rates. The most worrisome of the thousand plagues facing the Czechoslovak Church is the recently accelerated drive to choke off religious education for children. Parents who enroll their children in religious education classes face harassment on the job, lose chances for promotion and may even be demoted. The children are often blocked from at路 tending high school.



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THE ANCHOR-Diocese ~f Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977

KNOW YOUR FAITH Man:, His Power, Glory and Yet a Creature?

Man Can Choose! By Mary Maher


He was trying to sell the Pentagon the plans for a space community. His kindness was clearly the reason for his obviol1s over-talkativeness: I had told him I was enroute home from my favorite aunt's funeral. As we flew, he spoke of plans which his corporation had developed for a space community. The science seemed to me well researched and included tht! assurance of possibility by 2020. Soon I was intrigued with the questions his plan presented: Who would go? What sort of people would fit into this project? Would the project be more important than the people? Finally I asked him these questions. My metaphysical tone threw him off. He said these people would primarily need to be adapters and adjusters. Aside from that, the corporation had not discussed anything else. 1 mused at how different this was from Frank Lloyd Wright's science. He built houses to fit people, not vice versa. But the question was there in our discussion as it is in nearly all modern life: Who is man? The God-question is not as problematic as the man-question. But who is this mankind whom God


By Father Alfred McBride, O.Praem. "What a piece of work is man! How noble in r拢'ason! How infinite in faculty! In action, how like an angel! In apprehension, how like a god! Man is the beauty of the world, the paragon of animals. And yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust?" (Hamlet, Act II, Scene 2) A major charac:teristic of this age in which we live is the revering of the human. The kind of awe once reserved for God is now saved for I-uman persons. The non-fiction best seller list abounds with books about how to improve the human person. Women, be assertive. Men. remember that push pays off. Everybody, check out your erroneous zones, those negative vibrations that keep you less than human. Man is reminded that, like animals, he earves out territories and turf to control. Others tell us that creating space around us is central to personal growth. No technique is left untried to路 exalt the possibilities' of being human, be that medItation, jogging, yoga, vegetarian dieting, primal screaming, karate, Transactional Analysis, or the more traditional approaches drinking, sex and drugs. No matter what the fad, the whole idea is that the human needs' much stroking and attending to. The energy once concentrated in temples, churches and at altar:; lowliness ("What is man that to glorify God is today redirectyou should be mindful of him?") ed to the salons, dialogue but also of his Godlikeness. He rooms, exercise halls and oriexists in an interpersonal relaental mood rooms where the tionship with God, who cares for glorification of the human takes him, and with whom he shares place. ' , dominion. This whole mO'lement is not This is a clear echo of the Priestly theology of creatior. in just the traditional glorification Genesis I, where we read: "Then of heroes in the athletic, politiGod said: 'Let us make man in cal, military and entertainment our image, after our likeness.' " worlds. We have always made What did this mean to the au- gods out of certaiJ1 humans. Tothor? The explanation follows day we want to make a god out immediately: "Let them have do- of every person. Is this good or bad? Has religminion over the 'fish of the sca, the birds of the air, . . . and all ion only honored God and nevthe creatures that crawl on the er the singularity and wonder of ground" (Gn. I, 26). The biblical a human being? Well, Genesis authors were not Greek philoso- said that God took a piece of, phers; they thought in terms of clay and made a man. God lookconcrete functions rather than of ed at this Adam and smiled and abstract essences. And so they said, "That's good. He is my imconceived of man's likeness t~ age." Then God took a rib from God as a sharing of dominion Adam and made a beautiful worather than a sharing of nature. man. The Lord looked at this The Bible presents man as a Eve admiringly and said, "That's creature, a being who exists ir, good. She is my image." relation to a transcendent Being.. Reflecting on this beauty of In the myths of Israel's neiph- man and woman, the psalmist bors also, man was a creat~rc said: "When I behold your heaof the gods, but with a vast dif- vens, the work of your fingersl ference. He was the accidental, the moon and th(~ stars which almost capricious result of a you set in place -/What is ma'n chaotic struggle for power am- that you should be mindful of ong rival deities, who decided to him?1 You have made him little put the corpses of the vanquish- less than the angels/and crowned to some use; they used them ed him with glory and honor .. .1 to make humans, about whom o Lord, how glodous is your they cared nothing. In the Bible name over the earth!" (Psalm 8) God creates man deliberately, on The feast of Chrh;tmas reminds Turn to Page Thirteen us that God thought so much of has made and asked to live in this massive technology era? Is the mastery of creation stilt found in humankind? Or are we, as Jacques Ellul, the analyst of technology, has asserted, simply pawns of scientific method? Is that the state of affairs? Has man created a science beyond his control? Exactly who is this reality called man? Well, there have been massive evasions of that question in our time. It seems that if the world had heard of the Jewish claim that man (Adam) is an image of God, the Holocaust might not have been. Surely the demonic rationality of a Hitler would not have been so widely allowed and supported. The rise o'f multinational corporations now are known to enslave millions who are objects in their economic power nets. Who indeed is a man to them? The Judeo-Christian tradition teaches us that we are the im-. ages of God. But B. F. Skinner, the psychologist, among others, evaluates our essential personhood to be the sum total of ou:behavioral responses. What an unconsoling thought! Yet we know we have hopes, ideals and tenderness - som!:;Turn to Page Thirteen

What Is Man? By Father John J. Castelot

What is Man? There are as many different answers to that question as there are philosophies. However, they seem to share a common frustration, for while they recognize man's innate drive toward' fulfillment, they realize, too, that this fulfillment can be found only in an absolute, a transcendent, something outside of man. But since, for them, there is nothing beyond the human, the finite, man is driven to disappointment and ultimately to despair. Not a pretty picture, but, one that is being constantly insinuated into the popular psyche through all sorts of subtle media, like the novel and the drama, to mention ju;st two. The biblical answer is quite different; no less realistic, but still optimistic. The author of Psalm 8 asked the same question, but it is 'more like a cry of wonder than a speculative query: '~When I behold your heavens, the work of your fingers,; the moon' and the stars Which you set in place-/What is man that you should be mindful of him,lor the son of man that you should care for him?1 You have made him a little less than the the angels,land crowned him with glory and honor'/You have given him rule over the works of your hands,;putting all things under his feet ~ .. (Ps 8, 4-7). Hire is an expression of man's

humans that he became one Himself. To a modern world that worries about its self image, God presents His high regard for persons in Jesus who is "the im-

age of the invisible God" (Col. 1,15). And we are so as well, as Genesis reminds us. But in Christ our self image is even Turn to Page Thirteen


WHILE BISHOPS in the United States have not yet endorsed Communion in the hand, Msgr. Joseph M. Champlin writes, bishops in more than 40 other nations have adopted the practice. Communion from the cup or under both kinds has become a more frequent practice throughout the universal Church. (NC Photo)


Comm"nion in the Hand

By Msgr. Joseph M. Champlin In about a decade two proceduresl in the Church practically unheard of in the memory of most American Roman Catholics have become commonplace throughout the world and in the United States: communion in the hand and frQm the cup. As of this writing bishops' conferences in over 40 nations have approved the optional reception of the Eucharist within the hand and the Holy See has granted permission for that practice. The hierarchy in our own country has not yet so endorsed communion in the hand, but those in such neighboring or closely related places like Canada and Mexico have authorized the procedure within recent yE:!ars.

This means visitors to the United States tend to bring the custom with ,them and travelers from here to these lands observe the practice. The frequently angry ~ebates for' and against Communion in the hand seem totally out of proportion to the issue itself. Whether we receive the Lord on our tongue or within the palm appears relatively unimportant. What matters is the faith with which we approach the Lord's table and the reverence displayed toward the Eucharist wh~n receiving it. Even when approved by a hierarchy, every communicant still enjoys the option Qf receiving Christ upon his or her tongue. When properly implementTurn to Page Thirteen


Communion in Hand Continued from Page Twelve ed in a parish, those who come forward for Communion either extend their tongues or their .hands. In the second option, the palms should be joined· facing upward to form .a suitable throne for the eucharistic particle. The communicant at that point, or after stepping aside then reverently consumes the host. The basic reasons behind Communion in the hand are: its ancient tradition (this was thf: standard practice for the first nine centuries), the fundamental Christian dignity of the whole human body (hand as well as tongue), greater ease in distributing the larger particles of more substantial altar breads, and added active participation by the communicant. Communion from the cup or under both kinds has been extended as a more frequent practice throughout the universal Church. Unlike Communion in the hand, its authorization was not left to the episcopal conference of each country, but specif- . ically provided for in the new Roman Missal. The extent of implementation, however, depended on the national hierarchy and the local bishop. In the United States, the National C~mference of Cathol!c Bishops approved such an extensive list of suitable situations for communion under both kinds that we can say, in summary, the practice is permissible whenever it would prove pastorally possible and spiritually beneficial. The guidelines encourage, as the preferred method, drinking our Lord's Precious Blood from

the cup itself. Jesus' words. "Take and drink" or "He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood. . . .," are more clearly fulfilled and understood in this procedure. However, in large gatherings with insufficient cups or ministers, the process of communion under both kinds "by intinction frequently serves as the most effective means of distribution. The priest or minister in this circumstance simply dips a host into the cup and places it on the communicant's tongue. Obviously in such a procedure the moi<;tened particle would not be placed in the hand, nor would the larger, thicker piece of altar breads be very convenient. InMARY MAHER TELLS of a conversation on a plane tinction also becomes a very viawith a man who was trying to sell plans for a space comble alternative when communimunity. He explained that the people who lived in space cants are afflicted with colds or would need to be "adapters and adjusters." Miss Maher other illness. When introducing Communion mused at "how different this was from the science of Frank from the cup. parishioners Lloyd Wright who built houses to fit people, not vice versa." should be taught, again, that this This is an artist's conception of a space colony for 10,000 is the reintroduction of a practice which was the standard pro- people which could be built in the next 20 years. cedure for the first dozen cen- (NC Photo) turies. Moreover, the congregation ought to hear these words of the Roman Missal: Continued from Page Twelve Who is man? The Hebrew and "They should first be reminded that, according to Catholic times difficult things to trans- Christian Scriptures tell us we faith, they receive the whole late into our experience. Neither are ikons, images who participChrist and the genuine sacra- are we simply the objects of the ate in the very creative life of ment when they participate in consumer science that tells us God Himself. We are made to the sacrament even under one hourly on TV that our ultimate be just, to love rightly, to build kind and that they are not thus . happiness is an adjustment to up the earth. At the same tim~ deprived of any grace necessary pleasure. Without being pessi- the disposition to make ourmistic, one can quite objectively selves the center of all things is for salvation" (Article 241). No one should be forced it"to say that man, for all the claim true of mankind. We just are Communion from the cup or feel to full living he has suddenly that way and as we are moved uncomfortable about not receiv- gained, is not as much in touch by the power to do good, so also with himself (herself) as is sus- we are free to choose the dark ing under both kinds. pected. (Copyright (c) 1977 evil - evil which leads to alienWhat is the faith respOllse to: ation and self-aggrandizement. by NC News Service I recall an event when I was in Canada. Professor Grant, an excellent teacher, one day turnstance, right after his account Continued from Page Twelve ed to the three of us who were of the fall he pictures God as richer, for He is the "first born Roman Catholics and demanded, promising mankind ultimate vic- of all creatures" (Col. 1,15). "You Catholics, who does your tory over the forces of evil (Gn. So we see that the Bible has tradition say man is?" I answer3, 15). This sets the tone for the much to say about the wonder ed his question. I did well theorest of the Bible's presntation of and greatness of being human. retically, tracing as I could thl.! history: it is, above all, salvation Weare little less than angels. basic belief that man is good, history, certainly not Damnation Hence is the current adulation created so, an image of God, afhistory! of the human a bad thing? No, firmed as worthy and loving in Even when, centuries later, not as long as the origin of Jesus. The answer was good; I Paul touches upon the theme of man's greatness and beauty is think that even now. Adam's sin in Rom. 5, 12 ff, he recalled. The ultimate magnifiWhatever we may say univerdoes so, not to dwell on the cence of this quintessence of sally of man, it is always subject havoc wrought by that sin, but dust is the image of God, a per- to the discerning action of the rather to highlight by contrast son luminous because of the div- concrete where human weakness the surpassing power of Christ's ine origin and destiny, a human and tenderness are both exprec;sredeeming grace. He, too, is very whose greatness is rooted in the ed. It is very interesting to note realistic about the helplessness link of God. how the question "Who is man?" the frightful tensions experienis usually t,reated by Jesus on On the other hand the conced by all people, and speaking the one-to-one level. If ever He temporary adoration of the hudramatically in the name of huthought in universals, He surely man can be wrong when persons acted in singulars. manity, he ends with the angare regarded as though there is (Copyright (c) 1977 uished cry: "What a wretched no link to the Lord. All attempts . man I am! Who can free man at fine, self improvement are by NC News Service from this body under the power doomed when they ignore the of death?" But he answers imJesus role of grace and salvation. Self mediately -and exultantly: "All "Nothing restrains anger, realization is a new word for praise to God, through Jesus salvation by man alone. Frank- curbs pride, heals the wound of Christ our Lord!" (Rom. 7, 24ly, it will not work. People will malice. bridles self-indulgence, 25). This expresses in very gain the world, but lose their quenches the passions, checks summary fashion what he has souls - that is, the very self avarice, ,'and puts unclean said earlier in the letter: "For fulfillment they want to achieve. thoughts to flight, as does the if, when we were God's enem. The new concentration of the name of Jesus." -St. Bernard ies, we were reconciled to· him by the death of his Son, it is all human is good if it is tied to the more certain that we who the saving work of Christ. Only have been reconciled will be Jesus, in the final analysis, can saved by his life. Not only that; make us truly free. The new FUNERAL HOME, INC. we go so far as to make God our gurus say, "Save thyself." God R. Mlre.1 Ror C. Lorrlln. Ror says, "Permit me to save you. boast through our Lord Jesus ROI.r LaFrane. ROJ M.rrl"'J Truly, it's the only way." Christ, through whom we have FUNERAL DIRECTORS Yes, Lord, save me before I now received reconciliation" 15 Irvington Ct. forget you. (Rom. 5, 10-11). New Bedford (Copyright (c) 1977 (Copyright (c) 1977 995-5166 by NC News Service by NC News Service

What IsMan? Continued from Page Twelve His free initiative. Man is the product of God's creative Word, and this, too, is significant. A word, especially in biblical thought, is a powerful thing, and by its nature establishes a dialogue, calls for a response, initiates a relationship: in the case of man, and interpersonal relationship. Hard experience makes it painfully clear that human existence does not reflect this ideal situation. What happened? To put it one way, man decided to tum the dialogue into a monologue, to withhold response to the divine Word. The result was his radical alienation from his Creator, his fellow-creature~, even from himself. The Yahwist authors, in their theology of creation (Gn. 2, 4b-3), gave this explanation of humanity's tragic state in their story of the Fall, an explanation which would furnish the basis for the later development of theologies of what we call 'original sin,' theologies which are still in the making. The Bible does - establish the fundamental data of the instrusion of sin into human history and the tragic results of that catastrophe, but does not build these data into a theological synthesis. And even though the Yahwist is uncompromising in his portrayal of human sinful~ ness and alientation, he does not leave us without hope. In fact, a distinctive characteristic of his theology is its optimism. For in-

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Man Can Choose !


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 10, 1977

_your. basic .youth page Life.


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By The Dameans RICH GIRL You're a rich girl and y.ou've gone too far, 'cause you know it don't matter anyw~y. You can rely on the ole man's money Don't you know that it's wrong to take what is given you. So far gone, on your own, that you can get along, you can try to be strong, but you'll ntver be strong. High and dry out of the rain, It's so easy to hurt others . when you can't feel pain. Don't you know love can't grow 'cause there's too much to give and you'd rather love for the thrill of it all. Written by Daryl Hall ( (c) Unichappell Music, Inc., BMI 1976)

This song has 'an intensity that springs from frustrated anger over a relationship destroyed by wealth. The singer points to the first danger when he describes the rich girl as "wrong to take what is given you." He finds the rich girl only taking, so he feels used and unable to reach her or even satisfy her possessive hunger. The greed which can accompany wealth may also create . an insensitivity that leaves the person isolated. The singer has obviously felt these effects because he accuses the rich girl of being "high and dry out of the rain." She cannot share his struggle and so cannot share his joy. Life comes too easily and human suffering means little. Because of the isolation it can create, wealth also gives an illusion of independence. It is this danger of false independence that led Jesus to begin his sermon on the Mount with "Blessed are the poor in spirit; the reign of God is theirs." Money of itself is not evil, but when it keeps' a person from recognizing his dependence on God by allowing God to reign over his heart, it is certainly a killing thing. When we give in love, we create a need for others and for God. Then we . experience real wealth - a love that calls us to growth and life. (Copyright (c) 1977 by NC News Service)

Bishop Feehan




Lenten activities at Bishop Feehan High School, Attleboro, include a weekly Mass during first period on Monday, confessions on Tuesday and a Lenten series on Tuesday evenings presented by Rev. Thomas Fallon, OP. Masses for each class will also be celebrated on Wednesdays during Lent and on Fridays special liturgies will be planned by religion classes and celebrated at 8 a.m. Additionally stations of the cross will be held at 10 a.m. each Friday and on Wednesday of Holy Week the school will meet for a program of reflections on the Easter mysteries. Recent activities have also included a girls' retreat at Mercy Lodge, Cumberland, R. I., a fashion show, a paper drive and "Fashion Magic," a lecture and demonstration sponsored by the Future Business Leaders of America and presented by Mrs. Claire Ann O'Neill of Johnson

and Wales Business College. Miss Mary Louise Hickey presented a reading of "Pygmalion" at an assembly this week. Feehan faculty members were in attendance at a recent secondary educators' workshop on motivating students in the fields of language, English, the fine art!? and the humanities; and at a literature workshop sponsored by the Massachusetts Council of Teachers of English. Observance of St. Patrick's day will include a Shamrock Dinner Dance tomorrow night and participation by some 70 band, color guard and drill team members in the annual New York St. Patrick's parade. Sister Mary Evangela, Sister Rose Angela and a group of ·Feehan parents will accompany the students on the four-day trip to the city. And a St. Patrick's Dance will be sponsored in the school cafeteria Saturday, March 12 by the student council.

THEY'RE AT THE TOP: This squad from St. Francis Xavier School, Acushnet, took top honors la~t month in the annual Massachusetts Knights of Columbus Cheering Tournament, which drew 16 entries from Massachusetts and Connecticut. On one Bishop Connolly four-minute cheer, squads By Michael Dwyer were judged 011 appearance, Bishop Connolly High School execution, originality and hosted the Massachusetts High enunciation. The Acushnet School Drama Guild Festival on girls received perfect scores Saturday, March 5, 1977, and it on originality and appear- was a tremendous success. Conance. They will defend their nolly's entry into the festival, Fall River CYO diocesan Dark Rider, emerged as a semiActors Joseph Lemerchampionship, earned last finalist. ise, James Martin, and Denis year, at 2 p.m. Sunday at Theroux were named to the New Bedford's Kennedy State AIIStar Cast. Rev. William Center. Front to back are J. Cullen, S.J., Director, is deKathy Hudon, head cheer- lighted with the success of the leader; Sandy Durocher, as- Connolly Players and looks forsistant; Lori Girard, Moni- ward to the semi-final competiin Boston. que Letendre; Michelle Du- tion next weekend . . be, Mary Fagundes; Joanne Preparations are underway this Prachniak, Karen Vieira; week for the Connolly Player's Jean Laughlin, Jill Sylvia; next production: Gilbert and SulMichelle St. Gelais, Lisa Ber- livan's Pirates of Penzance, geron. Their advisor is Mrs. which will be presented on April Joanne Fortier. 30 and May 1.

A student whom I hadn't heard from in years called me the other day. It brought back many pleasant memories and discussions we used to have. It's always good to hear from those whose lives we hope we .influenced in the right direction. Anyway, he brought up something that keeps popping up. Why do athletes who are Catholics cross themselves at the foul line in basketball, and why do politicians say they prayed before an election, or generals before a big battle. I don't think anyone can answer that to the satisfaction of all. I know I can not. One hopes athletes cross themselves from the highest motives, and that the politicians and generals who pray do likewise. But it does remind me of a story I heard on a Sunday in November last year. A great Jewish historian lived about 1,950 years ago. His name was JosephUS Flavious and it is he who tells of the fol. lowing event that happened some 150 years before his tim,e. There was a civil war in ancient Israel. Two parties fighting against each other were led by two brothers. In the war there was a saint by the name· of Onias, the Circle Maker, and he was caught in the middle. 'Fhi's saint was known for his great reputation as a miracle worker. Gnias would make a· circle around himself with his hands and say, "Oh, God, I will not step outside this circle unless my prayer be granted." So one day one party caught hold of him and said, "Pray for our victory that we might be able to destroy our wicked opponents." . Then Gnias made a little circle and stood within it and said, "Oh, God, the people in the one party are thy children; the people in the other party are Thy children; I pray that whatever one party prays should happen to the other, may not happen!" I like that story. It helps me to answer many questions that are asked of me. It helped me answer questions asked during the last presidential campaign. It helped answer questions about Democrats and Republicans, Catholics, Protestants and Jews. One would hope that in politics, that :both parties when they pray, join in one prayer and that is that what is best for the nation prevails. No matter what each said about the other in the campaign, I think that all Am· ericans know down deep in their hearts that the couptry is strengthened, not through always agreeing, but by the tension generated by opposition that provides the energy for a nation to move forward.



Interscholastic Sports

Thurs., March 10, 1977



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Eastern Mass. Hoop Finals Saturday The Eastern Mass. South basketball playoffs conclude Saturday with the playing of the finals in all three divisions. Southeastern Mass. Conference is certain to be represented in the Division One final. Who that representative will be was determined last night when Durfee High of Fall River and New Bedford High met in the semifinals at Brockton High. The other finalist depended on the outcome of the Framingham South-Quincy semi-final yesterday afternoon at Scituate. At press time the results of those games were not known.

The Division Two final will pit Sharon or Fairhaven against Hanover or Hyde Park. Sharon met Fairhaven and Hanover opposed Hyde Park in the semifinals yesterday. In Division Three, the finalists were also determined yesterday when New Bedford Yoke took on Sacred Heart of Wrentham and Wareham opposed Mission of Roxbury. The Division Two final is scheduled for 1 p.m. and the Division One final for 4 p.m., both at Brockton High School. Braintree High will be the site of the Division Three final, set for 2 p.m.

Spring and Baseball Are Nearing Spring is only 10 days away and the scholastic baseball season will be upon us in less than two weeks later. The first baseball schedule to reach us comes from Bishop Connolly High,

where Coach Marc Letendre's Cougars will open their season with an inter-divisional game against St. Anthony of New Bedford at Lafayette Park, Fall River, on April 4.

Hockomock League Selects All-Stars Brian Campbell, Marty McNamed to the girls' All-HoekCue, Bob Thorne, Greg Mey~r omock basketball team are Patti and Paul Souza have been nam- Davis, Canton, forward; Jan ed to the Boys All-Hockomock Prendergast, Foxboro, guardbasketball team. forward; Jean Bassignani, FrankCampbell, of Canton High, is lin, forward; Jackie Lincoln, a forward-guard; McCue, Fox- Franklin, guard; and Denise boro, forward; Thorne, Franklin, . Fournier, Mansfield, forward. center; Meyer, King Philip, forThe final Hockomock standward; Souza, forward-center. Meyer has received a full NCAA ings show Sharon and Stoughton scholarship at the University of as varsity basketball co-champions; Oliver Ames, junior varRhode Island for football. Two players, prevented by in- sity titlist as well as freshman juries from playing most of the champion. season, were named honorary Other Hockomock champions members of the all-star team. are Franklin, indoor track; ShaThey are Bob Reynolds, Foxboro, ron, girls' varsity basketball; forward; and, Craig Watts, Oli- Stoughton, girls' junior varsity ver Ames, center. basketball.

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RELIGION AND SPORTS: Michael Novak, professor of religion and author of a new book "The Joy of Sports", said in Pittsburgh sports, like religion, "has ties with the innermost spirit of man." John Christiansen, 210-pound gladiator of the gridiron for Interlake High School, Bellevue, Wash., says the pledge of allegiance before a game.

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Declares Sports Like Religion PITTSBURGH (NC) - Sports, religion and the growth of Am'erican culture have much in common, said Michael' Novak, author and lecturer, in a talk at the University of Pittsburgh. A self-proclaimed sports fan whose latest book is "The Joy of Sports," Novak said he believes sports like religion, "has ties with the innermost spirit of man." Sports produce "a mad and irrational power in man . . . you can't always contain," he said. That's why in some countries riots often follow games and barbed wire or fences in Italy often separate fans from soccer players, he added. Novak disputed claims that sports are simply entertainment and business enterprises. "If sport is simply a business' then why don't we give the pennant to the team with the best balance sheet at the end of the year?" Novak asked. Sports deserves much more academic study gets, said Novak, Watson-Ladden Distinguished Professorship in Religion at Syracuse University. Continuing the analogy to religious activity, Novak pointed to the almost "fanatic" way in which sports buffs treat their heroes. Games are played on "sacred space" where athletes compete, not knowing which game will be their last. There is also a "tremendous intensity" within the "sacred time" of the contests, Novak added. Athletes have to be per~ feet during that time because "neither the athlete, fan or coach will settle for anything less than perfection." Novak called baseball, football and basketball the "holy trinity of an important religion in Am-

erica." The sports are popular here, Novak contended, because they come right out of the American experience. Baseball is a very individualistic game - "a prayerful game, played slowly and leisurely." Each participant "must stand on his own two feet" and take his turn at bat, Novak said. "It's the fairest of all games" with a series of checks and balances built in so no one has an advantage. "Whoever wrote the rules must have read the Federalist papers," Novak added. Football, on the other hand, is a game in which the group ma,tters more than the individual. "It's a socialist game," Novak said. The quarterback is only as good as his blockers and receivers. Football mirrors the growth of America, Novak said. It's a game of the oppressed which began to grow in popularity when the working people began playing it. Football is just like their struggles, he said. "Everywhere you turn you're held in. The goal is to break through." Basketball at first was a slow, noncontact sport. It only grew popular when the immigrants speeded it up and "really found itself when the blacks discovered it," Novak declared.

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~t1S()fJ's --o-pe-n-o-ai-'Y-9-A-.M-.t-o-'O-P-.-M-.-'n-c-Iu-d-in-g-Sa-t-.- - - OF FALL RIVER

~ason's Doesn't Substitute Vinyl for Leather

e..Jr{ason's Always Gives You Your Choice If you're looking for the practical, the durable and the beautiful-look no further than to Mason's of Fall River. Tomorrow, Mason's unfolds an elaborate and breathtaking, display of Classic leather chairs, ottomans, sofas and loveseats along with distinctive match-mates in luxurious glove-soft vinyl. These magnificent pieces are crafted from selected hardwood frames with double doweled joints, reinforced corner blocks and hand tied coil springs of tempered steel. Some with attached pillow backs ... some with nailhead trim - you can choose from more than 60 colors and textures at these special low prices.



Semi-Attached Queen Anne Wing Chair Genuine Leather Glove Soft Vinyl

Queen Anne Wing Chair Genuine Leather Glove Soft Vinyl

$499 $299

$499 $299

Mr. and Mrs. Transitional Lounge Chairs Transitional Lounge Chair Genuine Leather Glove Soft Vinyl

$599 $299

Hi-Back Transitional Lounge Chair Genuine Leather Glove Soft Vinyl

$599 $299

Transitional Ottoman Genuine Leather Glove Soft Vinyl

$199 $ 99


High Back Lounge Chair Genuine Leather Glove Soft Vinyl

$599 $299

Matching Ottoman 62" Matching Loveseat

87" California Sofa Genuine Leather Glove Soft Vinyl

Genuine Leather Glove Soft Vinyl


$1199 $ 599



Genuine Leather Glove Soft Vinyl

$999 $449



No Banks or Finance Companies To Pay


~LPIymouth Ave. at Rodman SL

$199 $ 99

Wllere You Get All Tile Extras At NO EXTRA COST The Price On The Ta9 • Sf't


• InspectIon

• Fln,sh,ng

'S The Only Price You Pay • DelIvery

• Expert Decorator ServIce


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