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t eanc 0 VOL. 22, NO. 9


ConvocatiolA Stress On Respon!;ibility

National Office Will Make Permanent Deacon Survey SAN DIEGO, Cal. (NC) The Association of Permanent Diaconate Directors, meeting last week in San Diego, agreed that more needs to be known about the resored diaconate as it enters its 10th year. Father John F. Moore, director of the diaconate program for the Fall River diocese, was among delegates to the meeting and a following workshop. Workshop concerns included spirituality of the diaconate, selection and evaluation of can~i颅 dates, the theology of ministry and the relationship of marriage and ministry. The program concluded with an address on "Directions for Ministry in the Future" by Msgr. John Egan, assistant to the president of Notre Dame University. As a result of the directors' meeting a survey is to be made of the 200 permanent deacons now serving in the United States. They will be contacted by Father Eugene Hamrick, coordinator for policy for the National Catechetical Directory, at the United States Catholic Conference (USCC) in Washington, D.C. "We need to know the lived experience of deacons to help to define the service ministry of

F'aithfullgnor路e. Easter Duty VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope Paul VI said at a general audience that the church precept to receive Communion during Eastertide is "unfortunately ignored and contested by many, very many." The obligation to "make one's Easter duty," said the pope, "means to rectify the course of our life in line with our highest religious goals." Church law requires Catholics to receive Communion at least once between the First Sunday of Lent and Trinity Sunday. Since those in mortal sin cannot receive Communion, Catholics guilty of mortal sin are required to confess before making their Easter duty. Pope Paul told thousands at the audience that the repection of the Easter duty precept' is linked with a wider rejection of religion. "The sacredness of human existence is being contested," he said. "Furthermore, even some of those who agree that there is an entological relationship between Turn to Page Three

the deacon," said Msgr. Ernest Fiedler, USCC national director for the permanent diaconate "We have been put in a leadership position in the universal church in the restored diaconate. We have to respect that responsibility." The 100 directors at the meeting - many of whom are permanent deacons themselves; were told by Msgr. Findler that of the 170 dioceses in the U.S., there are new deacon programs in 112. The total number of men ordained is 2,387 and there are '2,610 in formation programs. Of those ordained, 93 percent are married. By culture, 78 percent are Anglo, 5 percent are black and 16 percent are Hispanic. Msgr. Fiedler, in his main address, spoke of the need to establish the deacon in the parish community as the representative of the "servant rature of the church." Turn to Page Five


Fr. Illig To Give Cape Workshop Father Alvin Illig, CSP, the first executive director of the Ad Hoc Committee on Evangelization of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, will conduct a workshop on the subject from 1 to 9 p.m. Sunday at Turn to Page Seven

The need of restructuring parishes and of giving them a new vision of the "people. of God" was emphasized at the annual New England Spring Convocation of bishops, clergy and laity held last Friday through Sunday at Mont Marie, Holyoke. In a keynote address on Saturday night, Bishop Albert Ottenweller of Steubenville, O. spoke on the role of individual Catholics with respect to shared responsibility, which is viewed as one of the most significant issues facing the church today. In a no-holds-barred address, the bishop declared "I hear a lot of talk about 'building faith communities until I get sick of it." He said that "university theology is theoretical and not where people live" and suggested that theologians "get into the neighborhoods." As a remedy, the bishop said that smaller parish communi-

Fall River Birthright Members Told 'You Have Helped as He Helps' "You have helped as He helps; you have rescued as He rescues," Mrs. Susan Anderson, an international director of Birthright, told members of the Fall River chapter of the organization last Saturday night as they met to celebrate the fourth anniversary of the local unit. It offers, as do all units, a positive alterna-

20c, $6 P路er Year

tive to abortion. It was a happy occasion, with the Birthright family of volunteers looking back over a record of nearly 500 girls helped with pregnancy-related problems during the past four years. The program, held at St. Vincent's Home, Fall River, began with Mass, celebrated by Father

Thomas L. Rita, diocesan director of the pro-life apostolate, and continued with a dinner and an informal speaking and slide program. Awards were made to many who have helped Birthright, ranging from St. Anne's Hospital in Fall River to numerous volunTurn to Page Seven

AT BIRTHRIGHT anniversary celebration, from left, Susan Anderson, international Birthright director; James Lyons, executive director of St. Anne's Hospital; Patricia Sullivan, Fall River Birthright officer, presenting certificate of appreciation to hospital.

ties, run by trained lay mInISters, would give members the opportunity of experiencing and !iharing faith. He admitted, however, that such projects are difficult to carry out and unc:ertain of success. He advised that pastors interI~sted in true parish renewal !\hould find like-minded peers with whom they can form a wpport group. In a concluding address Cardinal Humberto Medeiros told the conferees that they must always remember that "there are four billion people out there. We need Him and they need Him."

Other convocation speakers were Father Robert Kennedy of Catholic University and Rev. Mr. J~evin Ranaghan, representing the American Charismatic Renewal. Delegates from the Fall River docese, led by Bishop Cronin, were Mrs. Michael McMahon, Msgr. Thomas J. Harrington, Father Ronald A. Tosti, Father Timothy J. Goldrick, Sister Theresa Trayers, SND. Miss Dorothy Curry, James H. Quirk, Jr., Mrs. Aristides A. ,J\ndrade, Rev. Mr. Mark A. Hession, Sister Muriel Balch, OLVM and Mrs. James Meloni.


Pupils C:iet HEW Office WASHINGTON (NC) - President Jimmy Carter has directed the Department of Health, Education and Welfare to open an Office for Non-public Schools. The administration has also asked Congress for legislative changes which, when coupled with administrative changes within HEW, could more than double the amount of federal e:lucation aid going to students in non-public schools. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Joseph Califano said these measures would increase aid by insuring that private school students get their fair share 0 fsuch aid, which they have been denied in the past. Both Carter and Califano have opposed tuition tax credits for p uents of children in on-public sl:hools, but both said they were committed to helping such students through federal programs' for disadvantaged children in all sehools. The administration's overall education funding proposals call for the largest increase in fede:'al spending in more than a Turn to Page Three


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Foil River-Thurs .. "Mor. 9, 1978

ill People.PlaC~.Events-NC News Briefs ill Not COUapsfng

New Bishops

CHICAGO-There !'as been no significant collapse of moral standards among Americans over the last five years, according to William McCready, a sociologist who has examined changes in behavior and standards during that period.

Pope Paul VI has named Msgr. Eusubius J. Beltran of Atlanta the new bishop of Tulsa, Okla. The pope also named Father Peter A. Resazza of Hartford, Conn., auxiliary bishop to Archbishop John F. Whealon of Hartford.



W ASHINGTON-Anti-feminist women have said that leaders of the federallyfunded National Women's Conference in Houston illegally suppressed publication of the confere"1ce's minority report. The allegation was one of several made by leaders of the National Pro-Family, ProLife Coalition, who came to the nation's capital with more than 500,000 signatures on resolutions opposing abortion, lesbianism, federal early childhoo:l training programs, the Equal RigUs Amendment and other programs or activities backed by feminists..

Torture en Nam'ibia BROTHER LOUIS ST. PIERRE, a

Hrother of Christian Instruction and a guidance counselor at Bishop Connolly High School, Fall River, will leave for Rome this month to attend a spiritual and personal renewal pogram with other members of his community. It will include a retreat, spiritual studies and a tour of Jerusalem and other Holy Land sites. Brother Louis will also visit France and England before returning to his Fall River assignment.

LONDON-Two churchmen in Namibia (South West Africa) have charged t!'eir government with engaging in systematic torture of citizens. The charges were leveled in a report jointly published in London by the Catholic Institute for International Relations and the British Council of Churches. It was prepared by Father Heinz Hunke, German-born FOvincial of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate in Namibia, and Justin Ellis, &n Anglican layman on the staff of the Christian Cen~er in Namibia.

Abor'tion Funds Continue WASHINGTON - A witness told the House International Relations Committee that U.S. foreign aid funds continue to promote and fund abortions despite a 1973 law prohibiting such activities. Speaking for the U.S. Coalition for Life of Export, Pa., Frances Frach of Kansas City, Mo., also told the committee that blasphemous appeals are made - using taxpayers' money - to convince people in underdeveloped countries to embrace artificial methods of birth central and sterilization.

VATICAN CITY - The Dutch Bishops' Conference has backed an appeal by the Dutch Council of Churches to the Dutch government that the neutron bomb not be adopted in the Western defense system and be banned internationally, Vatican Radio reported.

Stei'ilrzat~on Consen'~ WASHINGTON - The bishops' Committee for Pro-Life Activities said the federal government should require the written consent of the spouse and any third-party counselor as well as that of the patient before paying for voluntary sterilization of poor persons. The committee also opposed federal funding of sterilization by hysterectomy and opposed any federal funding of sterilization of mentally incompetent institytionalized persons.

Drug Abuse VATICAN CITY - Drug abuse among the young "is often the consequence of alienation" a Vatican representative told the fifth special session at the United Natio:"s Com'nission on Narcotics. This alienation is caused "by a family and social environment in which it is difficult t.o grow and mature," said Msgr. Silvio Luani, permanent observer of the Holy See at the U.N.. office and specialized institutes in Geneva, Switzerland.

",,4l REV. JESSE JACKSON of Operation PUSH will speak on reaching ~oday's youth at National Catholic Educational Association convention later this month in St. Louis. \

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Neutron Bomb Opposed

Guatemalans Die

W ASHING-.·ON-National Labor Rela· tions Board judges have found a Catholic high school in Metuchen, N.J., and the Catholic Medical Center of Brooklyn guilty of unfair labor practices and ordered both to stop interfering with their employees' rig:1t to form and join unicns. Spokesmen fo::" the school and the medical center said they would appeal their respective cases of the full NLRB in Washington.

speaks at Duquesne University after receiving honorary degree in course of poetry-reading tour.


LONDON-Amnesty International has charged that the Guatemalan government has "tacitly condoned" politically motivated killings and kidnappings in hat Central American nation. "More than 20,000 Guatemalans have died at the hands of paramilitary groups since 1966; their actions are chancterized by a total impunity before the law," said an Amnesty report released a week before the March 5 elections in Guatemala.

N LRB Dedsfon Disputed



WASHINGTON - A House subcommittee has approved 12-0 a bill to increase and expand existing college grant, loan and work-study programs to middleincome families.




VATICAN CITY - The Vatican and missionary orders are taking an interested yet cautious look at news reports saying' that two Catholic bishops are among about 2,000 Chinese named as observers to sessions of the Chinese National Assembly. According to reports, Archbishop Ignacius ,Pi Shu-shih of Mukdan (Shen-vang) and illicitly consecrated Jesuit Bishop Louis Chang Cha-shu are among 16 religious leaders appointed as observers of the assembly, which is discussing Chinese objectives for the last quarter of the 20th century.




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28, is carried away by police after his arrest at a Nowich, Conn. abortion clinic where he and others attempted to block entrance.

Cancellation Asked NASHVILLE, Tenn. - Bishop James D. Niedergeses of Nashville has urged Vanderbilt University to withdraw its invitation to hold the Davis Cup tennis matches between South Africa and the United States on its campus because of the racist policies of the South African government.

Third World News

Frayer for Ireland

MUNICH, West Germany The council of the international Catholic Union of the Press (UCIP, after its French title) has urged all Catholic journalists to "give constant attention" to news from Third 'Norld countries and to help train and eqdp the Third Worhl press.

LONDON - Three of England's leading churches Catholic Westminster Cathedral, Anglican Westminster Abbey and Canterbury Cathedral, the primatial church of Anglicanism are joining together to offer 30 days of prayer for peace in Northern Ireland. The monthlong prayer vigil will start March 17.


COLE, guidance counselor at Bowie State College in Maryland, will receive achievement award from Washington Archdiocesan. Secretariat for Black Catholics. KATHERINE


Father Delan·ey Aids Planning

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Mar. 9, 1978

SAN ANTONIO, Texas (NC Nine of the 11 dioceses in Texas have moved towards integrated pastoral planning, described as "discovery of a preferred future, the design of a way to get there and the measuring of the process and the progress." A first step in the planning will be publishing of a "mission statement." Father Joseph Delaney, formerly of the Fall River diocese and now Brownsville cochancellor, said "We feel a strong need for a mission statement to share our long range goals." Franciscan Father Canice Connors, secretary for the Baltimore Archdiocesan Department of Pastoral Planning and Management, said pastoral planning involves broad consultation and accountability. He said the "mission statement" should draw on the values of the Gospel and church traditions. He said that in defining the mission of the church, the statement should consider the constraints and possibilities of the local church. '

Among Holy Cross semin- Cross community in 1957 and arians to be ordained to the taught at Coyle High School and transitional diaconate at cere- at schools in New York, New monies this Saturday at Notre Jersey and Washington, D.C." Dame University are John J. For the past year he has done Donahue, Taunton, and Thomas postgraduate work in theology . at the University of Notre Dame. F. Carten, Stratford, Conn. Mr. Carten attended Connecti!i3orn in Taunton, Mr. Dom.hue attended St. Mary's gram- cut schools before studying at mar school and the former Msg~. Bristol Community College, Fall Coyle High School before enter- River and graduating from ing St. Edward's University, King's College, Wilkes-Barre, Austin, Tex. He joined the Holy Pa. Active in the communications field for the past 20 years, he was chief engineer at WALE Radio, Fall River; and a consulContinued from Page One tant to WUSM, North Dartdecade, an overall increase cf mouth. He is an expert braillist 24 percent. Carter said he wants and in 1974 began a "radio to use federal funds to help newspaper" service for the teach the basics of reading, wrLblind and elderly on a Wilkesing and arithmetic as well as to Barre station. aid needy students. He said "non-public schoo!>, particularly parochial school:;, are an important part of 01,; r money "contain monitoring and diverse educational system. I enforcement provisions concernam committed to doing all thE.t ing participation of non-public the Constitution allows to in- school children." sure students in private schoo: s - That states be required to benefit from federal programs." "develop a plan for ensuring About 75 percent of non-puh- equitable participation of nonlic school students attend Cath- public school students in all olic schools. federal programs." Califano said he will establish a new Office for Non-public - That Congress "strengthen Schools in the U.S. Office of Edu- and clarify the 'bypass' authority which the federal government cation, to "coordinate all federlll education programs which call may use to provide constitutionally permissable services difor the participation of private rectly to non-public school stuschool students, obtain informlltion about the level of non-puh- dents" if states and localities fail to do so. lic student participation in federally funded education programs and process complaints." Califano also asked Congre~ s for five legislative changes: Continued from Page One - That Title I "spending for man and God tend to ignore reeducationally deprived nonpubligious duties and insist on the lic school children is compara- priority of social relations as the ble, consistent with their numhighest human activity. bers and education need, to "We are certainly not denying spending for public school chilthe importance, dignity and necdren." essity of social duties," said the - That the same standard be pope. "They have a place of required for funds under a prohonor in the list of human duposed new section of Title I ties. to target funds on school di~.­ tricts with more than 5,000 di~.­ "But these social duties will be advantaged students or where recognized and lived out more more than 20 percent of the and more by us to the degree students are disadvantaged. that the principle inspiring them - the religious principle - is - That state plans for di~:· clearly and firmly manifest." tributing federal education

To Be Ordained to Diaconate

Non Public

FATHER QUINN and Bishop Cronin at parish visita-

tion last October.

Father Justin Quinn Marks Silver Jubilee As Priest No More Poverty Father Justin J. Quinn, pastor of New York, from which he By Year 2000?

WASHINGTON (NC) - "The potential exists now by the year 2000 to be able to say 'we have eliminated the real problems of absolute poverty in the world: " an aide to President Jimmy Carter told a conference sponsored by the Population and Food Fund. The aide, Dr. Peter Bourne, cited two major reasons for his optimism. First, he said, there are signs that. the world's population has begun to stabilize, noting that the most important factor in reducing birth rates is to reduce infant mortality. People in developing countries have 10 children because they hope three will survive, he said. If they believe all their children will survive, he opined, they will voluntarily have fewer children. The scond reason for optimism, Dr. Bourne said, is that a concerted, worldwide effort has virtually eliminated smallpox. But while Dr. Bourne was optimistic about ending absolute poverty by the end of the century, he said the biggest challenge is to create the grassroots support needed to make it happen. The American people respond to crises like the drought in the Sahal in Africa sevral years ago, Dr. Bourne said. But, he said, "the crises are not the time to solve the problem; it's the period in between where you have the opportunity to really make the fundamental changes that count:' Dr. Bourne said it is difficult for a new Administration to make "dramatic and demonstrable" changes in a short time. But he said President Carter has told the State Department and the Agency for International Development to evaluate all of their aid projects in terms of what they will do to meet the "basic human needs" of "the poorest billion people in the world."

of St. Rita's Church, Marion, is a humorously self-deprecating man. "The Anchor's first issue was April 11, 1957:' he said. "I was transferred on April 9, so I didn't make the first edition." He remained at the assignment, St. Lawrence parish, New Bedford, for the following 14 years, he added, so The An~or had no opportunity to write about him personally during that time. Much was written, however, about the good fortunes of the Holy Family High School athletic teams, which he directed while at St. Lawrence's. In those years the small school rocketed to region-wide fame for its consistently outstanding teams. Father Quinn has another distinction. Ordained by himself on January 25, 1953, he is the only priest to have had the ceremony take place in the beautiful and intimate setting of the Bishop's Chapel of St. Mary's Cathedral. Born in New York City, the silver jubilarian attended St. Margaret Mary parochIal school in the Bronx, then won a fouryear scholarship to Fordham Preparatory School and continued to the University of the State

holds a bachelor of arts degree. His seminary studies were undertaken at Maryknoll and at St. John's Seminary, Brighton, where he was a classmate of Bishop Daniel A. Cronin. Assignments as an associate pastor of St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall River; St. Kilian, New Bedford; and St. Thomas More, Somerset, preceded Father Quinn's long service at St. Lawrence. In 1971 he was named administrator of St. Elizabeth's parish, Edgartown. He served at the island parish until 1973, when he returned to St. Kilian as pastor. When administration of the New Bedford church was taken over by Franciscan friars in 1974, Father Quinn went to his present parish. He sai~ that the Cure of Ars, patron of parish priests, is among his favorite saints. "All I want to do is to make it up there where he is," he declared.

SHOp::::=====:=3 69 MAIN STREET - TAUNTON, MASS.

Fr. Blais Named To NCCC Post Father Ernest E. Blais, director of the Sacred Heart Cemeteries, New Bedford, has been appointed to the Parish Cemetery Committee of the National Catholic Cemetery Conference. As a standing committee member he will serve the conference's 1900 members in North America and will represent diocesan members at the annual NCCC convention. Parishes maintaining their own cemeteries and desiring membership in the organization may contact Father Blais at, 349 Summer St., New Bedford 02740.





Monday - Saturday

Master Charge

9:00 - 5:30


Thurs. - Fri. Til 9 P.M.





THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Mar. 9, 1978

the living word

~hemoorin~ The Northeast Deserves a Break There can be little doubt after the past few weeks, that the Sunbelt is winning the battle over the Frostbelt. But this is not the only win that can be credited to the boys from Dixie, as is only too obvious from recent White House antics. To some extent, the Northeast has been aware that it has been drained of jobs and income. Yet now with a native son from the south residing on Pennsylvania Avenue, the picture is changing even more dramatically. The emphasis the present administration has given its own area, especially in governmental appointments, serves only to irritate the f~stering wound that has been inflicted on the economv and finances of our own Northeast. .. Just look at some of the hardcore facts that have diminished the influence of this area. In the last 17 years the south has added almost 2 million jobs while the north has lost just about as many. Migrants to the south are mostly young middle income northeasterners. With the loss of tax base and wage earners, state and local taxes have soared at rates almost five times the national average. What aggravates the situation even more is that it has recently been revealed that Yankee taxes are being used to help the Sunbelt boom. It is estimated that the Northeast is sending over $20 billion more to Washington than is coming back to the area in federal spending. The South has this much in an aggregate surplus. This路 means that a region already suffering under the nation's highest unemployment, energy costs, taxes and inflation is being drained to subsidize job growth in an already prospering economy. One wonders if anything can be done to alleviate the economic plight of the Northeast.路 Can the present tax drain from the area be stopped? Are our elected officials doing their best to stimulate economic development in the area, or have they reverted to their usual token efforts? Some suggestions have been offered. First and foremost, federal tax policies should be altered. Extra tax incentives should be given to induce businesses to invest in our decaying cities. In addition, the Northeast needs some special tender loving care that would be unique to the area. For example, why can't the federal government grant an extra reduction in federal income tax in areas where costs of living have skyrocketed beyond the national average? Remember that $20 billion more we send to Washington than comes back to us? Couldn't our area keep some of this money to create new jobs in localities that are bordering on depression? As it now stands" when all the facts are in, Washington is draining the Northeast and very few people are attempting to stem the political and economic abuse that we in this area are forced to endure. May it also be suggested that members of Congress from the Northeast form a coalition that will be effective in action, not merely excessive in words. This area needs concrete solutions and positive helps, not political promises and campaign charades.


Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D.



Rev. John F. Moore, M.A,

Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan ,.tf;;;".

Leary Press-- Fall RIver

'He that maketh the morning mist an d walketh upon the high places of the earth: the Lord, the God of hosts, is his name.' Amos 4: 13

Not Wanted: An Ethiopian Vietnam By Father ,John B. Sheerin

What's on t.he mind of Secretary Harold Brown of Defense? Is he jealous of the State Department for having stolen the limelight by getting all the publicity at the time of the BeginSadat meetings? Brown has been muttering mysteriously about the Ethiopian-SomoHan war, hinting that the Soviet-Cu.ban presence in these hostilities might explode into major troubles for the United States, but hesitating to pinpoint precisely what the United States should do about these rising tensions in the Horn of Africa. On .feb. 25, the State Department cautioned the Soviet-Union that U.S.-Soviet relations could be impaired by continuance of the flow of troops and military supplies into the battle area. "Intervention in this tragically embattled area, by the continued shipment of weapons and mmtary personnel, some of them involved in combat roles, inevitably widens and intensifies hostilities and raises the level of tension in the world." Secretary Brown, however, has gone a step further than the State Department, threatening a concrete fOI'm of military action against the Soviets and Cubans, but not filling in the details. He has proposed that an ArmyMarine Corps quick-strike team be formed. But he has not specified precisely where it would land or how it would strike, declaring merely that the troubles of the Horn of Africa "might require the dispatch of appropriate U.S. forces to the scene in sup-

troops in Ethiopia. United States port of friends." Why does he beat around the policy calls for a cease-fire and bush? If the situation is as bad . the withdrawal of Somoli troops as he implies, this is no time for from Ethiopia. President Carter veiled or diplomatic language. has publicly warned that the Are we or are we not on the United States would consider it verge of another Vietnam? The "a very serious breach of peace endangering even worldwide American public is entitled to know exactly what is on the sec- peace should Ethiopian troops tary's mind when he talks cross Somolia's borders." about dispatching a quickThe State Department is playstrike team to Africa. ing its cards cautiously,. well My own opinion is that the aware that any American interAmerican public has had enough vention in this African war would Vietnam-type interventions in the raise a volcano of protest from affairs of other nations, especi- the majority of Americans. The ally nations on the other side of architects of our Vietnam policy the world who have not both- believed they had at least the ered us. I feel quite sure that surface appearances of justificaCongress and the American tion for getting us into that fiaspeople have no relish for seeing co, e. g., a collective security pact American youths dying in the that committed us to the deOgadan wasteland into Ethiopia fense of South Vietnam. But we anymore than they liked to see have no commitments to EthioAmerican youths shot up in the pia, and certainly not to Somalia, which is the aggressor in the rice paddies of Vietnam. war. Wars, like giant oak trees, Does Secretary Brown serigrow from small beginnings. At ously think we ought to intrude first we heard only that the Soviets were in Ethiopia. Gradually into the affairs of the African the news leaked out that they nations when all of black Africa had serious intentions. Some resents the interference of West$900 million worth of Soviet ern powers in the territorial inmilitary equipment arrived on tegrity of African countries? At the moment, our instinct is the scene an.d one of the top Soviet generals, the deputy com- to say, "A plague on both your mander in chief of the Soviet houses" to both Ethiopia and ground forces, Gen. Vasiliy Pet- Somolia, as Somalia is the agrov, was seen directing the Ethi- gressor and Ethiopia is sided and opian forces in a very important abetted by the Soviets, we have less than honorable intentions. combat area. Another Vietnam, Secretary Again, the early reports had it Brown? No, not even to protect that there were only 1,000 Sothe flow of Arab oil! viet-subsidized Cuban troops in Ethiopia. Soon the number increased to 2,000 until Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Carter's national security advisor, announced there were 20,000 Cuban




THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Mar. 9, 1978


Irish Folk ~~usic Program

CATHOUC CHARITIES APPEAL priest-directors have begun preparations for the 37th annual Appeal. From left, Father Leonard M. Mullaney, Taunton assistant area director; Bishop Cronin, honorary chairman; Father Walter A. Sullivan, Taunton area director.

Anti-Crime Prog'rams Asked WASHINGTON (NC) A The statement calls for furcommittee, of the U.S. bishops' ther study on crime. "Catholic conference has called on par- educational institutions have a ishes, dioceses and religious particular capability to promote orders to establish programs to such research as they possess th ~ reduce crime and to cooperate expertise and background in both with the government in its anti- the relevant academic disciplines and in the moral and social crime efforts. The suggestions are contained teachings of the church," the in a 9,500-word statement, "A statement said. Community Response to Crime," Besides Catholic colleges, the issued by the U.S. Catholic Con. statement attempts to enlist ference Committee on Social Development and World Peace with other elements of the church in the approval of the 48-member the fight against crime. It says USCC Administrative Board. The that. the most important setting USCC is the civil arm of the for church activity is on the local level. Among other things it U.S. bishops. Besides repeating the com- suggests and dioceses: mittee's opposition to the death - Provide forums for the dispenalty and support for prison cussion of criminal justice isreform and handgun control, the sues. These discussions should statement condemns "white col- include criminal justice professlar crime," nonviolent acts which ionals, citizens and ex-offendit says "imperils our lives" and ers; cost $40 billion each year. - Encourage Catholic lawAmong such crimes are embezzlement, consumer fraud, pil- yers, psychologists, psychiatrists ferage, computer crimes, and and other professionals to offer their services to the indigent and check and credit fraud. disadvantaged; It also addresses political crimes on the national, state -Provide education, employand local levels of government. ment and recreationa'l opportuniSaying much political corruption ties for youth; is attributable to fundraising, the statement calls the reform of - Sponsor crisis intervention campaign finance laws "a nec- and family counseling projects, essary element of any attempt to especially to respond to the address the problems of political problems of battered wives and crimes effectively." children;

Necrology March 12 Rev. Aurelien L. Moreau, 1961, Pastor, St. Mathieu, Fall River March 16 Rev. Francis J. Maloney, S.T.L., 1957, Pastor, St. Mary, North Fairhaven THE ANCHOR Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02722 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mail, postpaid $6.00 per yeor.

-Assist the accused, monitor court proceedings, improve prison conditions, help parolees find work and respond to the "physical and emotional needs of the victims of crime." The statement said the role of the church in responding to crime should reflect Christian values and constitutional traditions and should seek to revitalize the basic social institutions, the "strongest weapons against the destruction caused by crime." It added that diocese and par-

ishes demonstrate " a positive image of uncompromising refpect for the law and the hu-

man rights of all persons, as well as a strong desire for the rehabilitation and reintegration of the 'individual offender into the community."

Parish Parade ST. JAMES, NEW BEDFORD Father John F. Hogan w:ll be the speaker for the annual communion supper' of the Ladies' Guild, to follow 6 p.m. Mass Wednesday, March 15. Supper reservations 'will close Sunday and tickets will be available after all weekend Masses. SACRED HEART, FALL RIVER "The Heart of It All" is the theme of a parish Week of Renewal to be held nightly from March 13 through 17 at 6 p.m. Mass. Following each service all are invited to the parish center for coffee and pastries. Monday's speaker and Mass celebrant will be Father Ciro Iodice, OFM and Tuesday's will be Father Pierre Lachance, O.P. On Wednesday the theme will be the ministry of love to the retarded and Sister Maureen Mitchell, RSM, principal of Nazareth Hall, Fall River, will speak at a Mass celebrated by Father Joseph Viveiros. Father Robert J. Carter, chaplain at Union-Truesdale Hospital, Fall River, will speak on ministry to the sick and dying at Thursday's Mass and vocations will be discussed on Friday by Father Joseph Costa. The week will conclude with a day of prayer from 8 a.m. until midnight on Friday, March 17. At 5 p.m.. a "poor man's supper" will be served, with proceeds going to Rice Bowl, and specific intentions will be prayed for at each hour of the day. ST. THERESA, NEW BEDFORD A Mariage Encounter information night will be held at 8 p.m. Sunday in the parish hall. All area married couples are invited.

The Green Castle String Band will present an evening of traditional Irish folk music for tl;e Fall River Catholic Womens Club at 8 p.m. Tuesday, March 14 at Holy Name School auditorium, Fall River. "It is a new and excitir g thing," say program organizers, "when four people from diver!;e musical backgrounds come together and meld into a new musical entity." They explain that the quartet forming the string band have come from folk and rock backgrounds to prodUl~e "the beautiful and melancholy sound of tra.ditional Irish folk music." Leading the group is Jim Remington, a guitarist and fiddler now teaching at the String 11struments Workshop in Wakefield, R.I. Other members a ~e Sharon Pyne, who spent lII!ast year in County Clare, Ireland, studying penny wh~stle techniques; John Campbell, a guitarist and mandolin player who has specialized in Irish folk music throughout his career; and Ed

McGuirl, guitarist and fiddler. The Green Castle has existed as a group for the past year, making many appearances in Rhode Island. Their Fall River appearance will include singing and brief comments on the settings and history of the folk tunes to be presented.

Deacon Survey Continued. from Page One "He should be the one most sensitized to the people's needs, and to be able to express them," he said. For this reason, he suggested that the deacon should always lead the prayers of petition at Mass on behalf of the all the needs of the community. Msgr. Fiedler also proposed that the offertory rite might be adjusted so that the deacon becomes "the man of the offertory" with the needs and offerings of the parish being tended by him as minister.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Mar. 9, 1978


I have been harassed lately

by people demanding that I write "more positively." Their request is that this column stop being an exercise in social criticism and become an exercise in pious exhortation.

My own view of the matter is that the purpose of a column is fo tell the truth. When I say repeatedly that the Church has problems of authority, birth control, and abominable sermons, my purpose is not to be negative but simply report the truth. Recently a b'ishop wrote me explaining why his paper had dropped me. His was, he told me, a small diocese, neither urban nor cosmopolitan. Its crises had been passed and the need now was for synthesis, healing, a positive view. Dis-


Pious Exhortation for Andrew

cussions that sophisticated cosmopolitans could tolerate would be deeply disturbing, it seemed, to his people. I deliberately omit his name because I don't think it's fair for the people of his diocese to know that their bishop thinks they are a bunch of hicks. I decided to check the possibility that the bishop might be right in his assumption that the problems of birth control, sermons, and ecclesiasical authority were less acute in non-


I once had a neighbor who was a great clock-calendar. If she was shaking a throw rug out her back door, it was Monday, 10:17 a.m. If she was polishing the glass in her front door, it, was Thursday, 2:32 p.m. Most women's housekeeping, however, is catch-as-catch-can. But instead of doing jobs when

Laundry should be done when the spirit moves you, or when you have time, do them only the kids have to go to school in when they need to be done. For their pajamas. (Don't use kids going to bed in their clothes as example: If your guests leave right after a guideline.) they arrive, because of the unThe floor needs scrubbing usually heavy fog suddenly setwhen you stick to it. Whatting in, it's time to clean your ever you do, don't take your windows. shoes off. It's painful removing It's time to clean when you your feet from congealed peaare tired of your grey rug and ' nut butter and jelly. remember it was go.ld the last It's time to clean off end tables time you vacuumed. when you can no longer' find It's time to sort clutter when the .lamp switch. you pick up the evening's paper and the lead headline is on NixAfter you've just washed your on's election. face, if it has strange smudges, It's time to do the dishes when it's time to clean the mirror. you've run out of paper plates. Beds should be changed when (Alternate plan: switch to paper the cracker crumbs are deep napkins, but don't serve soup.) enough that the kids don't have

metropolitan, non-northeastnorth central region of the country. So I turned to our data' files for such areas, to find no difference in Catholic attitudes on these matters. The bishop's own diocese may be an exception, though I doubt it, and he has no evidence to that effect. The crisis credibility has not passed in his diocese, only in his mind. His plea is not that I stop disturbing his people; rather that I stop disturbing him. He thinks healing and synthesis are going on., In fact, church attendance

continues to decline, the people continue to drift away, the laity cwntinue to abominate sermons. The fallacy in the bishop's approach is to assume that problems continue because people talk about them publicly. If only a few of us loud-mouths would stop talking about them, they'd go away. Bishops like my friend, feel better thinking they have no problems, but they are better off knowing the truth. There are few enough of us who are willing to give it to them. They ought to listen!

14 Very E~sy Lessons to get up for breakfast. Clean the refrigerator either while you can still get near it - or when you run out of budget before you run out of week. It's time to get your daughter's tricycle off the front walk if there's risk she may fall over it in her wedding gown. (You may want to just push it to the side. Grandchildren may be coming in a year or· so and you'll be ready early.) It's time to clean your cabinets - only if they have glass doors. It's never time to clean your kids' rooms. Let them do it. But you may have to insist either when the clutter is so

dense you can't close the door, or if you suspect they're harboring house guests you've never seen. Live plants in the home are in. Watering takes time. You can economize by waiting a month to water them. However, if you want to continue with plants, they do serve a useful purpose. If a leaf falls off onto your rug, and it takes root ... it's sending you a message. If you find this column outlandish, don't waste time speculating on whether it's true. Just bring your rake and shovel, and come on over. My living room needs help. l

Television and the Government IWhipsaw Effect ance of the industry. The other agency, the Federal Trade ComJIM mission (FTC), is trying to broaden its powers to investiCASTELLI gate TV commercials. Both agencies have new chairmen - Charles Ferris at· the FCC and Michael Pertschuk Television and its adver- at the FTC - who developed tisers may soon find them- reputations as friends "Of conselves caught in a "whip- sumers while serving on Sensaw" affect between two ate staffs. federal regulatory agencies conMost talk about the impact cerned about TV's impact as a of television on society has centeacher and a major social in- tered on the questions of sex and violence. But those are not stitution. One agency, the Federal Com- the only issues involved. More munications Commission (FCC), and more experts are criticizing is about to launch a 12 to 18 television for its influence as a month study of network domin- teacher which shapes attitudes By

and values. Partschuk claims the 30-second commercial is "the principal educational tool of our society." Dr. Alberta Seigel, professor of psychology at Stanford Universeity and a former member of the U,S. Surgeon General's Scientific Advisory Committee on Television and Social Behavior, argues that television is the primary teacher for infants and preschoolers who don't yet read. ~'Television provides models for our children; who touches whom; who kisses whom; how our police officers act; what our doctors are like; what is amusing and how conflicts are resolved,"

she said. "Figures of authority - parents, lawyers, politicians, detectives and others - do not act in real life the way they are portrayed on TV." Recent studies of the family have charged that television can accelerate family breakdown. Partschuk recently told a congressional committee "With the pervasiveness of marketing technology, particularly teleVision, the family has all but lost its role as the determinant of both the family's needs and of the choice of means to satisfy those needs." Partschuk said television commercials lead ,children to eat too much sweets and. junk food,

teaches "that for even the slightest discomfort, the solution is a drug of some kind" and that energy consumption is better than energy conservation. Ferris at the FCC promised at his confirmation hearings that he would move' quickly to launch a major investigation of the influence of the networks on the television industry. The U.S. Catholic Conference supports such an investigation. In a brief last year, it asked the FCC to investigate the role ratings play in influencing programming and to allow local affiiates to screen network programs before they are broadcast.

Spring Styl,es Could Come from Victoria,n Val,entine By MARILYN RODERICK

If you loved searching through the trunks in your grandmother's attic' you'll love the very feminine, oldfashioned styles for summer and spring. They are so very lovely that they look as if they should be adorning a Victorian valentine or that famous Gibson girl. The fun part of these truly feminine fashions is that you

can combine them with the most where women sat around lookclassic separates and look just ing beautiful. Of course the degreat. A filmy blouse can be light of their return today is that worn with a cotton dirndl skirt, while they are just as fragile a velvet blazer can top a cotton looking as the originals, these print or a pair of jeans can be copies are very often more practopped by an embroidered mas- tical. terpiece. Everyone is free to put One cannot write of these together her own thing. fashions without mentioning And put-together is just the their fabrics, as elegant as a deword, because many of the love- sigrfer's original demands. Satins, ly fashions for the sunny days laces and lengths of fluid sHk hopefully ahead are separates have been turned into a garden and they do not have to come of breathtaking designs. from the same house or' even the With this new emphasis on same store. You and you alone lace and ruffles, lingerie has are' the artist who will come up come out from under and is bewith the finished creation. ginning to peek from the sheerMany of the parts to be put to- est blouses and dip below the gether are as romantic and lacy hemlines of the fullest skirts for as the garments of a bygone era a peasant look. Camisoles have

returned, even lovelier than ever, and if you remember the scene in "Gone With the Wind" when Scarlett was being laced into her waist-whittIer, you have an idea of the type of lingerie that is being design;d for now.

cises and the tennis courts for all of us who have more to hide than reveal after a winter of eating!

Look for billowing skirts, sheer blouses, layered separates and the natural look in everything from makeup to material. Designers claim that this return to fabrics and designs that float around the body, rather than clinging to it, has come about because women are keeping their bodies in such good shape that they want thei'r clothes to be as comfortable as they are. If that's the case, back to the Royal Canadian Air Force exer-

MADRID, Spain (NC) - Independence for pastoral activities is the goal of the church in Spain, said the head of the Spanish Bishops' Conference. Cardi'nal Vicente Enrique y Tarancon of Madrid spoke shortly after his reelection for a third term as chairman of the conference on the role of the church in the democratization efforts' undertaken by King Juan Carlos and his cabinet.

Church Independence

THE ANCHOR-D1ocese of Fall Hiver-Thurs., Mar. 9, 1978


F'r. Illig to over 5000 churches and schools. Following the Second Vatican Council, Father Illig helped launch Concilium, an international cooperative venture involving eight publishers in seven countries in publication of a 50-volume study of theology. He was also instrumental in Before being named to his the development of Come to the present position last November Father, a widely used multiFather Illig worked in the Wash· media catechetical series; and ington archdiocese designin~: in organizing ALESCO, a learnand conducting methods of " ing materials distributing proevangelizing the unchurched,; gram reaching 38,000 grammar schools. One of four boys, he was born At Buzzards Bay Father Illig in Los Angeles and entered the' Paulist community after grad·, will discuss methods of ministering to the churchless and to uation from Los Angeles Col· alienated Catholics, including lege. After ordination he was active in Paulist Press projects programs directed to special infor 20 years. His undertakings terest groups; and, will emphaincluded development of Na· size the importance of participational Catholic Reading Distribu- tion by the total Catholic comtors, an organization which sup· munity in the evangelization plies religious reading materials task. Continued from Page One St. Margaret's parish center Buzzards Bay. Sponsored by Cursillo head· quarters at La Salette Shrine Attleboro, the program .is oper, to all and reservations may be made at the shrine, telephone' 222-5410.

IT WAS A TRULY BIG DAY for the Rod Reilly family of Lakewood, O. when Father James Schorr baptized baby Daniel, in Mrs Reilly's arms, with Janey, 5, and Bobby, 8, as ~ helpers. The ceremony followed a Mass at which Mr. Reilly was received into the Church, made his first communion and was confirmed, with his wife and father-in-law as sponsors. At the same Mass Mrs. Reilly was a Eu charistic minister for the first time. Bryan, • 20 months, held by his father, had the most important role of all. He blew out the candle. : (NC Photo) .

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Fall River Birthright Continued from Pa~e One teers, active since the beginning of the program. St. Anne's was cited for supplying office space and clinic services and volunteers for everything from telephone counseling of frightened teenagers to providing legal and financial aid, shelter, clothing and, most of all, love and understanding. A slide program on aspects of caring love was presented by Sister Elizabeth Hathaway, RSM, CCD coordinator for St. Joseph's parish, Dighton; and Thomas Donahue, chairman of the Birthright board, spoke on the Fall River program's early days. Sister Angela Francis, an assistant director of St. Anne's Hospital, and also a pioneer Birthright member, brought greetings of the hospital corporation and a plaque was accepted by James Lyons, the hospital's executive director. "You have not chosen an easy road," Mrs. Anderson, the evening's main speaker, told the volunteers. "Many believe us to be fools as we touch Him in His distressing disguise." She said, however, that there are now 500 'Birthright centers throughout the world, each one "spreading the kingdom of love, replacing judgment with devotion." Mrs. 'Anderson spoke of Louise Summerhill, the Canadian founder of ,Birthright, describing her as a simple person whose "simplicity has become her strength, her ordinary manner her distinction." She queried, "Where are we going with Birthright?" and said that members should return to their own homes. "Live the message of forgiveness and acceptance," she urged, "first in your homes, and then bring it to the marketplace." Mrs. Anderson, a member of


Our Lady of Victory parish, Centerville, organized the first Birthright unit in the Fall River diocese in Hyannis in 1972. In an interview preceding her address to the Fall River group, sh~ said that this diocese was the first in Massachusetts to "open up" to Birthright, now having active units in Attleboro, New Bedford and Taunton as well as in Fall River and Hyannis. She said the Cape Cod unit was unusual in that it receives many referrals from other areas. "We're somewhat isolated, so many girls choose to come to us during their pregnancies. About half the girls we care for need homes - more than in other parts of the diocese." Mrs. Anderson noted that in 1972 the average age of young women seeking help was 19. "Now 13 and 14-year-olds are not uncommon." She said that the "success rate" of girls going through the Birthright program is "just about 100 percent," with very few be· coming pregnant for a second time. "The girls seem to develop a much more caring attitude toward themselves." She reported, however, that about 50 per cent of girls who make contact with the organization do not follow through and that there are probably many abortions among them. "A few years ago," she added, "many girls who carried their babies to term decided to keep them. Now the trend is more towards adoption. I think the girls have seen how difficult it is for a mother to bring up her baby alone." Mrs. Anderson had been a regional Birthright director for some time preceding her recent international appointment. She says she gives from two to four hours a day to the program, "not including traveling time to meet-

ings and workshops." Her husband John is also an ardent Birthrighter, and their children, 6 and 8 years old, are supportive "most of the time," says their mother. Administrative work, however, can take one away from the essence of Birthright, said Mrs. Anderson. That essence is contact with the girl in need of help. "I was getting too removed," she said, "so recently I got back 'on the phones,' doing direct counseling. I was interested to find out, when I saw Louise Summerhill recently, that she felt the same way, that she too still does telephone counseling." Susan Anderson told the Fall River volunteers that their work for the past four years had been done "well and beautifully, that it was a service of love." The same may be said of her own contribution to' mothers and babies everywhere.

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THE ANCHUI{Thurs., March 9, 1978


In last week's Anchor the first part of a report on public service programs conducted by diocesan parishes apJl,eared. It gave information derived from a January survey conducted by diocesan officbds in collaboration with the Massachusetts Catholic Conference. . Msgr. Thom~s J. Harrington, dioces~n chancellor, who prepared the Anchor resume, concludes it with findings on public servic-e programs supported by diocesan and regional institutions and apostolates. There are five regional high schools in the Diocese of Fall River. One principal enumerated the following areas of pupil involvement in community programs: "Toys f;:>r Tots," food baskets to needy at Thanksgiving and Christmas, a March of Dimes walkathon, the "Send a Mouse to College" program, visits and gifts to patients at a general hospital and a state mental institution in the area, two to three "Bloodmobile" programs held each year, and musical presentations at nursing homes. This enumeration was typical of reports by principals of other regional high schools. One respondent described a program in which young men and women do grocery shopping for the elderly and infirm; another reported that pupils sponsored a gigantic Hallowe'en party for area youngsters both to entertain them and minimize vandalism in the community. A program to provide assistance for the blind was reported by one principal, and students from one high school regularly visit the Paul Dever School for children. All such endeavors are undertaken on a voluntary basis. The Catholic Youth Organization is organized throughout the


The Servant Church Diocese of Fall River and enlists young men and women of every race, color and creed. Full athletic programs, with basketball, baseball, hockey, boxing, cheerleading, women's sports, etc., are conducted in organized fashion with predominately volunteer supervision. Social and recreational programs are .provided, and cooperation with CETA and ~'Col颅 lege Work Study" programs was reported. There are 9300 young men and women between the ages of 13 and 20 involved in thE CYO program throughout southeastern Massachusetts. All funding is derived from internal Diocesan resources, with no public funding received. The Director of a Spanishlanguage center in New Bedford reported that several volunteerf supplement the paid staff of two

viding transportation to doctors, lawyers, hospitals, governmental agencies and the like and by providing musical, cultural and tutorial services and programs. Similar community outreach is accomplished in Spanish-language endeavors in other cities, including Taunton and Attleboro. All funding for the Spanishlanguage programs is from Diocesan sources. The Director of Diocesan Social Services has provided information about the programs conducted under his direction. Adoption services, counseling, programs of information and referral, apostolates to the blind and deaf, juvenile court chaplaincies, refugee reset~lement, a pilot program addressing the problem of alcoholism, service to unmarried parents, foster care and family life programs are

agencies; all such activities are funded totally from Diocesan monies. Important considerations were noted in the report of the Diocesan Director of Education. In excess of 10,000 pupils are enrolled in parochial and diocesan elementary and secondary schools. The total cost of conducting this enormous educational system is borne by .the Church. I am advised by the Director of Education that the savings to area cities and towns from the Catholic educational system are reliably estimated to be more than $10 million each year. The Diocese of Fall River conducts summer camps, subsidizing to a considerable extent their cost for children who can pay modest fee and providing absolutely free service to under-

SPANISH APOSTOLATES sponsor a pilgrimage to La Salette Shrine, Attleboro. persons. He reports that in addition to social service and. counseling assistance provided at this facility, volunteers help Spanish-speaking citizens by serving as interpreters, by pro-

among the myriad of activities in which the diocesan agencies involved in the overall program of Social Service engage. No funding is received from public sources or governmental

privileged and poor childen. There are three special institutions for the education of retarded children. There is some involvement of public monies under Chapter 766; however, the


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Police Chief, IRS Man, Exp'ectant Mother Among Pro-Lifers Arrested SANTA ANA, Calif. (NC) A retired Santa Ana Police chief, a retired Internal Revenue Service agent and an obstetrician are among five people scheduled to appear in Santa Ana Municipal Court March fl in con路 nection with trespass charges stemming from an abortion clinic sit-in.

charged with trespassing were arrested for allegedly blocking the doorways at Dr. Edward Allred's clinic when the clinic's office manager made a citizen's arrest after she consulted with police who were on the scene. The five were booked on charges of trespassing and obstructing the conduct of business.

The retired police chief, Edward J. Allen, is also a former president of the Los Angeles Archdiocesan Holy Name Uniot'. Allen was arrested wil:h Ralph Buglione, retired from the IRS; Dr. Jerald Navarre; Mrs. Cathy ~ullvan, two months pregnant with har seventh ohild; and Mary Juergans. About 50 picketers marched outside the Santa Ana abortio', clinic while the sit-in was cor.ducted. According to Allen, the five

"We want to see what we could do to save the lives of babies they were aborting." AlIen told The Tidings, Los Angeles' archdiocesan newspaper. A police officer for 37 years, Allen said the five pro-lifers plan to plead "not guilty, according to the doctrine of nec路 essity," That doctrine, he explained, was enunciated in federal court in the case of U.S. vs. Ashton, which stated, "The law deems the lives of all persons far more

valuable than any property," That means, Allen said, "The lesser law is sacrificed to the greater good," The principle allows forced entry to save a life or violation of speed limits by a policeman pursuing a criminal, he continued. "I am convinced that there is a higher law at stake" than the law forbidding trespass" Allen said.



The Sisters' Senate of the Fall River Diocese will sponsor a workshop at Bishop Connolly High School from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Saturday. The speaker will be Sister Marie Augusta Neal, head of the Sociology department of Emmanuel College and a guest lecturer at Harvard University. The public is welcome . at a small admission charge.

Diocese provides substantial subsidization annually to this endeavor from internal resources. There are three resident childcare facilities which, though existing as separate corporations, nonetheless operate under specifically Catholic auspices. These institutions existed for many years and provided care with no involvement of public funding; however, in two instances the facilities operate at deficit and must receive contributions from the Diocese. Irrationally, such contributions appear to impact adversely upon the reimbursement structure existing between these separate corporations and the Commonwealth, yet without loans and subsidies from Diocesan resources the institutions could not operate. There are several facilities for health care operated under Catholic auspices though organized as separate corporate entities. There is one general hospital, five homes for the elderly, with 900 patients, and one special "hospice" for terminally ill patients. The general hospital receives the usual "third party" payments, including those from public sources, however it seems appropriate to take note of special programs which this hospital has conducted - frequently at deficit - in order to provide otherwise neglected service to the community, viz., a drug clinic, the GID (venereal disease) clinic, etc. The "hospice" for terminally ill patients accepts no "third party" payments of any sort and provides all care totally without cost to patients, insurers or government. In certain areas, Diocesan activity, while rather specifically denominational, does, nonetheless, provide assistance to many non-Catholic citizens. Here we could cite the chaplaincies at the Bristol and Barnstable Coul)ty Houses of Correction, the pastoral ministry at general hospitals in cities throughout the Diocese and the campus ministry at colleges, including Southeastern Massachusetts University, Bristol and Cape Cod Community Colleges, Wheaton College and the Massachusetts Maritime Academy. Certainly many prisoners, sick persons and students benefit from such programs. In concluding his resume, Msgr. Harrington declared: "It is impossible to calculate the dollar equivalent of the extensive involvement in community service which has been noted in the foregoing report. Doubtless it would amount to scores of millions of dollars each year. I have the distinct impression that if public agencies were to undertake all the services involved, the cost of providing them would be considerably greater,"


"An Ugly Little Secret" A Special Series by Father Andrew Greeley


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Mar. 9, 1978

What About Allowances? By Dr. and Mary Kenny Dear Mary: I am thinking about starting my oldest child, a first grader, on an allowance. You have spoken favorably about allowances in some of yoll1' columns. Could you give me some further ideas about managing children's allowarices? A. I think that allowances for children are a good. idea. We . live in a society where most transactions involve money. Helping a child to learn money management is part of parent-


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Allowances should start by age seven or eight. Before this time an allowance is a token. The child knows money is good to have and may wish to imitate friends or older brothers and sisters, but he has little sense of money value or use. Around age eight the child begins to develop .a sense of ownership, of acquiring, collecting, and perhaps hoarding goods. Research on child development from the Gesell Institute says, "Eights are money mad." Rather than viewing such behavior as selfish and undesirable, parents should recognize that the child is in a new stage of growth. The child is trying to sort out the concepts of "mine" and "yours" and what ownership means. An allowance can help him acquire this understanding. An allowance is not a salary. It is the child's weekly share in the family wealth. He is entitled to it just because he is, no mat· ter how lazy he is, no matter how badly he behaves. When the child, young or old, cannot get by on the allowance, he has the same option as the rest of us - to work. I think children should do some daily chores simply because they are part of the household. On the other hand if they do a special job which you would pay an outsider to do, then it is appropriate to pay them. I put window washing, painting, and hand-polishing furniture in this category. For such jobs they deserve a salary. This, however, is not an allowance. Do not withhold the allowance as a punishment. If you do, you make the allowance are· ward or "pay" for being goo:'.


\ What' about his allowance? In order to learn responsibility, the child must be able to count on the allowance. The allowance can be used, however, to curtail waste. Suppose your child loses or wastes too much paper, paste, crayons, whatever, at school. You might make the allowance large enough to cover these items and have the child buy his own. Another plan easier for. eights to lOs, would be to provide a reasonable amount of school supplies each month. If the child runs out before the next month's supply, he must supplement from the allowance. An allowance is not an expense account. Let ,the child have as much choice as possible in spending the money. Specify the weekly sum. If there are some necessities which must be purchased out of that sum, specify those too. But remember, without freedom of choice, the child will learn little about budgeting and spending money. If any purchases are forbiden, that, too, should be specified when the allowance begins. If you want to set limits on candy, soft drinks, war comics

or toy guns, do so in advance. The number of items which the child must finance and the amount of the allowance should increase over the years. By high school the child can handle all his expenses except room, board and medical. Personally, I can't imagine buying clothes for my teens. I simply wouldn't have the courage. The advantages of the allowance system are many. It helps a child learn about ownership; It spares parents from the temptation to be arbitrary, rewarding children with money when 'life seems to flow smoothly and reo fusing their requests when things go badly. It frees parents from making decisions over every trivial request. "Can I have this?" "Can I go there?" "Can I?" "Can I?" Throu~h an allowance the child gains some independence from parents and some responsibility in meeting his own needs. The allowance helps the child to grow. (Reader questions on family living and child care are invited. Address questions t(): The Kennys; c/o The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fail River, 02722.)

Alioto Marriag'e by Ex-Jesuit Is Not Valid NEW YORK (NC) San Francisco Maor Joseph Alioto's New York marriage to Kathleen Sullivan of Boston was not a valid marriage from the standpoint of the Catholic Church, according to a spokesman for the Archdiocese of New York. Alioto, 52, who married the 33year-old woman before a former Jesuit at a Methodist-owned chapel, has secured a civil divorce from his former wife, but has not received a church annulment. Msgr. Eugene Clark, communications director for the archdiocese, said that the officiating priest, Father Joseph O'Rourke, had not received faculties from the archdiocese or from any bish-

op elsewhere to perform marriages. Father O'Rourke was dismissed from the Jesuits in 1974 after he baptized the child of a Massachusetts woman who supported abortion. The parish priest had refused to perform the baptism on grounds that the mother would not be rearing the child as a Catholic. Father O'Rourke performed the marriage for the Aliotos on Feb. 25 at the chapel of the Church Center for the United Nations, a United Methodistowned building located directly across from the United Nations. In an interview, he said that he considers church policies on annulment and remarriage "fundamentally unjust" and that he

performed the marriage knowing that Alioto had not received an annulment. Msgr. Clark said the archdiocese was concerned that some people might be "deceived" into thinking that marriages such as these performed by Father 0' Rourke were valid since he is a Catholic priest. In San Francisco, Angeline Alioto, who contested the exmayor's divorce suit, said she considers that they are still married. "As long as Joe Alioto and Angeline Alioto live, they are husband and wife before God and man, and cannot be remarried under any circumstances until one or the other dies," she said.


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Fr. Hehir Backs Overpopulation New Approach


Thurs., March 9, 1978

Speaker1s Topic Irish Changes Dr. Benjamin R. Mariante of Stonehill College, North Easton, will speak at a communion breakfast for Taunton Queen's Daughters and their guests following 9:30 a.m. N.:ass Sunday at 51. Mary's Church, Taunton. The breakfast will be held in St. Mary's School hall and Dr. Mariante's topic will be "Changing Times in Ireland," touching on ,changes in family life, women's role, immigration, education and the Irish role in world affairs. ~

The speaker, a professor of sociology at Stonehill, has directed the college's Dublin studies program. Father Paul G. Connolly will celebrate Sunday's Mass and Mrs. Robert Briand, club president, will be mistress of ceremonies for the breakfast program, for which Mrs. Aristides Andrade and Miss Adrienne Lemieux are co-chairmen.



Father R. Gabriel Blain, OP will celebrate Mass for Dominican Tertiaries at their chapter meeting scheduled for 7:30 p.m. tomorrow at Rose Hawthorne Home, 1600 Bay St., Fall River. Election of officers, recitation of the Dominican office and a discussion of the Passion of Christ will follow.

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SISTER GERTRUDE and Instructor Paul Sales discuss free form woodcarving.

Sister Gertrude Has Carved Herself Unique. Niche in Diocese By Pat McGowan Want an elevator repaired? A furnace fixed? Maybe an auditorium constructed? Or pictures taken? A few signs painted? You only need one personproviding she's Sister Gertrude Gaudette. This diminutive dynamo has, over the years, completely renovated the interior of the huge Dominican Academy and convent on Park Street, Fall River, where she lives. Her projects have included elevator and furnace maintenance, conversion of an enormous dormitory into several. regulation size classrooms, build.. ing the academy's auditorium, renovating its refectory and constructing a portable altar. The work involved erecting walls, installing windows, attaching blackboards, making and installing bulletin boards ane: building platforms for teachers' desks. Concurrently, she formerly taught fulltime at Dominican Academy, and is now the art teacher at Bishop Stang High School, North Dartmouth. Almost a second fulltime job is her unwearying production 0:' photographs and art work of all kinds. For instance, in last month's center spread Anchor feature commemorating the 500th anniversary of the birth of St. Thomas More, the arrest· ing quotation from the saint's writings that headed the pages was lettered by Sister Gertrude.

In the same issue, the drama· tic photograph of the shadow of St. Anne's Church falling across Kennedy Park in Fall River was taken by her, as are many other Anchor photos. Her distinctive artistry is also lrnown outside the diocese, particularly at the library of Bridgewater State College where over the years she has lettered scores of signs and doors. . "One of my Stang students visited Bridgewater," she relatec, "and came back saying, 'Sister,

we knew those were your signs up there.''' Visitors to the Diocesan Education Center on Highland Avenue in Fall River can also view her handiwork, an impressive outdoor sign identifying the building. Some 15 y,ears ago Sister Gertrude added woodcarving to her accomplishments when she produced a set of stations of the cross as part of her work for a degree in art. But she had little time to pursue the interest until this winter, when she took a 15week carving course at the Burns Jool Co. in Fall River. When she arrived for the first class, she found that her fellow

students were 20 men, ranging from executives to laborers. "I was a little hesitant," she related, "but they welcomed me. 'Come on, Sister,' they said. 'We've been waiting for you!'" The classes, she said, proved a delight. And the teacher, holder of a doctorate in engineering and an MIT faculty member, whose card describes him proudly as "Paul H. Sales, Artisan," was as delighted with his unusual student. "She's a happy person to work with," he said, "and gets along beautifully with everyone." You might say Sister Gertrude has carved herself a unique niche in the Fall River diocese.

Girls Scouts, Camp Fires .Mark on Sunday This Sunday, both Camp Fire Girls and Girl Scouts will celebrate the anniversaries of their foundling. From 9 a.m. Mass at St. Peter's in Provincetown, throughout the diocese, parish churches will see Brownies, Blue Birds, Cadets, Horizon Girls and others in their bright uniforms, giving testimony to the important part religion plays in their group programs. Besides such observances Girl Scouts will assist at the Channel Six .TV Mass celebrarted by Chaplain Rev. Robert Kirby, and Camp Fire members from the Fall River and New Bedford areas will attend Mass in a body at Our Lady of Grace Church in Westport.

the Church both locally and nationally: there are six area Catholic chaplains to Girl Scouts and Camp Fire in our Diocese; there exists between the Plymouth Bay Girl Scout Council and our Diocese a formal plan of oooperation; Camp Fire Girls, Inc. and the United States Conference have a new Guide for a Working Relationship adopted in 1977. The first law of Camp Fire is the precept to "Worship God," and Girl Scouts promise on their honor "to try to serve God." Each year girls from both programs work for religious awards appropriate to their age, recognized when the bishop confers the Marian award on successful candidates from all parts of the Diocese on the Solemnity of Christ the King each November.

In the Djocese of Fall Ri.ver there are several thousand girls and women who are members of these two organizations. They The Diocese of Fall River is participate in prqgrams that are keenly aware of the importance' pleased to congratulate the of religion for the growth and Camp Fire Girls and Girl Scouts on their respective annidevelopment of young people. versaries. These fine programs That their activities are worth- have enriched the younger years while is attested by the close of many Catholic girls and womcooperation between them and en.

By Jim Castelli WASHINGTON (NC) Father J. Bryan Hehir, U.S. Catholic Conference associate secretary for international justice and peace, has proposed a human rights strategy to bridge the gap between the Catholic Church's opposition to abortion and artificial means of birth control and its belief that overpopulation can be a real social problem. Father Hehir made the proposal during a talk at a conference on food and population. He said there are three main elements to this approach. First, he said, the Church believes that social justice is the key factor in controlling population growth. The Church believes that parents will reduce their family's size when they are assured of "minimum dignity" and satisfaction of human needs, Father Hehir said. Second, he said, the Church should oppose certain means of population control on human rights grounds. "We would oppose abortion on human rights grounds . . . and we would oppose sterilization as a tool that is too dangerous to place in the hands of the government." Third, Father Hehir said, he would offer a strictly personal opinion that, "We could, on the basis of living in a pluralistic society, remain silent on the contraception question" in the public policy area while upholding the Church's teachings internally. He said such an approach was consistent with Catholic tradition because "Catholic tradition doesn't always try to translate internal policy into public policy." Father Hehir said the USCC has continued to oppose population control efforts in foreign aid measures while strongly supporting economic aid provisions in the same bills. He said the USCC's lobbying position is "delicate" in such instances. But, he said, the USCC argues "very strongly" for the human needs section of the foreign aid bills. "The Catholic position does not deny that population is a problem," he said. "The logic" of the Church's position, he said, "is that the evidence historically and analytically points toward the fact that it takes the creation of a certain socio-economic framework for effective population restraint. "That socio-economic framework is not simply to be defined in terms of aggregate economic growth," Father Hehir said, "but must be defined also in terms of distributionist characteristics marked by . social justice" "What is necessary is to guarantee for each person in society a basic minimum of access to the fundamental necessities of life," he said.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Mar. 9, 1978

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discuss moral values in sex education classes. "In our view, the family still occupies a primary role in motivating and enabling young people to achieve responsibility, and the churches and religious The pro-life official said that communities should support and Planned Parenthood's "approach be closely associated in assisting to teenage sexual behavior . . . the family," Msgr. McHugh said. is neither based on nor support"To avoid any discussion of ive of chastity and self-restraint values and moral principles, and among the young" and that 'to settle simply for programs to other agencies like it "express avoid pregnancy is unacceptable inability or unwillingness" to and self-defeating,"

showed that Planned Parenthood is making increased efforts "to be actively involved in sex education programs and other similar programs in public high schools."

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SISTER RITA FOEGEN talks to one of New York's 5000 "shopping bag ladies" (top); a guest prepares for bed in a Dwelling Place dormitory (center); and Sister Regina Cassanto supervises preparation of a meal (bottom.) The Franciscan shelter can sleep 23 women, feeds 50 to 60 nightly. (NC Photos)




Family Planning Programs Grow

In a "Report on Family Plan- ning Programs - State Legislatures," Msgr. James T. McHugh said that the results of a questionnaire distributed to directors of .state Catholic conferences





NEW YORK (NC) - Although an estimated 5,000 homeless women wander the streets of Manhattan nightly. eating out of garbage cans and sleeping in subway stations and bus terminals there were until recently only 43 beds at emergency shelters in Manhattan for those women.

WASHINGTON ~NC) - State programs on family planning and recent legislative action in that area call for "increased monitoring and vigilance," according to the director of the U.S. Bishop~' Committee for Pro-Life Activities.



Through a new program they hope to expand, the nqns have begun to place some of the women in private homes. So far, several of them are living with families.




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• 12

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of fall River-Thurs., Mar. 9, 19/'8


II Original Sin




Council of Trent

By Msgr. Joseph M. Champlin

By Father Alfred MCBride

Students at the North American College in Rome have a commendable noon meal tradi· tion. Before grace, the prayer leader introduces guests and the seminarians respond with applause. Surprised visitors may blush, smile, shift uncomfortably and sometimes even shed a few tears. Later on, if someone has a birthday, the singing of "Happy Birthday" starts a: one table, then spreads through the hall. All look to see who is the honored one and vigorously applaud at the conclusion while the "victim" blushes, smiles or shifts uncomfortably. However, I never saw tears flowing down a student's cheeks. Our reaction to plaudits from others can tell us something about our own self-image. If I consider myself not very valuable, then praise or love from others triggers awkward feelings. • "If they only knew the real story, the real me beneath the surface" is a frequent spoken or unspoken response to compliments and honors. The general concept and ordinary teaching of original sin has shifted in recent years, but Vatican II documents' and the revised baptism ritual still speaks about a disorder inside of us. "The Church in the Modern World," for instance, states that what revelation makes known to us (the fall or sin at the start of history), is confirmed by our own experience. A young priest friend of mine believes original sin or at least one of its effects is our tendency to downgrade ourselves, to concentrate on the bad aspects of our lives. I am sympathetic to his view. It seems there is a universal tendency among people to find the flaw in their lives, to point out the (H'''' _ : .',' ' ; ' - -- -' to ignore the nine successes. For example, ask this personal question: To creuh yv",.;elf with a virtue or good point, must that characteristic always be and have been there? To burden yourself with a fault or weak point, must that trait have occurred only once? Does one incident of impatience make you an impatient person? One selfish act, a selfish individual? This mysterious, inner inclination to be down on ourselves leads to that often hidden poor self-image. We feel uncomfortable when others recognize nobility and godness within us. Lent is' a time to believe in the grace of Christ which can lift us beyond such weakness. It is also a fine opportunity to discuss with our own family and others their understanding of original sin today.

It is fashionable today to dismiss the Council of Trent with a shrug or a glare, if not out· right hostility. The adjective, "Tridantine," is associated in many minds with ecclessiasticaJ backwardness. How odd this is when one looks at the real story of Trent itself. Opening a quarter century after Luther started the Reformation, Trent continued for 21 years to hammer out so successful a series of reforms that it dwarfs any other council (save possibly Vatican II) in its boldness, breadth of interests and powerful resolve. Trent established directions for: DISCIPLINE: LITURGY: CATECHETICS: DOCTRINE. Let us take a brief look at each, - Discipline. Trent abolished the evil of prelates acting as absentee landlords, taking income from a diocese or abbey, but living elsew'here and letting subordinates care for the people. The council ended "delayed consecration" in which, for example, a 14-year-old boy could be appointed bishop, though he could not be consecrated until he was 24. Meanwhile, he could collect the salary and could change his mind at 24, and keep his sizable accrued income. Trent also put discipline into the seminaries with regard to prayer life and study. - Liturgy. The Council outlined an Order for the Mass that named the rubrics, texts•. and behavior expected at liturgy~ In dogmatic understanding, Trent insisted that Mass was an experience of the saving work of Christ through His crucifixion. Trent also urged high quality preaching from the clergy and frequent Communion (Le., on Sunday) on the part of the people. - Catechetics. Trent produced the Roman Catechism, a model to this day of catechesis based on biblical content and style. It followed the outline of creed, cult, code. Creed stated God's loving and saving work for man. Cult liturgy celebrated the experience of that salvation. Code told of the loving response of the people to the saving love of the Lord. This enlightened view of catechesis is subtantially preserved in today's religious education. - Doctrine. Since 23 bishops and 28 theologians at Trent were Dominica·ns, it is not surprising that Thomism domina· ted the council's theological expression, dispelling much of the muddy thinking of the day. The doctrinal statements of Trent were responses to the Lutheran challenges of faith, Bible and Eucharist. While admitting the value of faith iti the original experience of salvation (justification), Trent Turn to Page Thirteen

"ST. CHARLES BORROMEO Among the Apostles" by Orazio Borgianni. (NC Photo)

St. Charles Borromeo By Father John J. Castelot While reformation in the 16th century tore the Church asunder, a counter reformation tried to hold the Church together. Its proponents recognized the need for reform and worked heroically to correct the abuses wracking the Church. One of the greatest of these was St. Charles Borromeo. He was a gifted aristocrat with many important connections, including an uncle who became Pope Pius IV. Yet he remained humble, poor in spirit, dedicated to the Church and those over whom he was given pastoral charge. His father was Count Gilbert Borromeo and his mother, Margaret, \Vas from the powerful Medici family. He was born in the family castle on Lake Maggiore on Oct. 2, 1538. At age 12 he became a cleric and received a rich Benedictine abbey as a gift. This was just the first of a long list of benefices and honors which would be heaped upon him. But characteristically and as a portent of things to come, he reminded his fatter that, apart from necessary expenses, the revenues of the abbey belonged to the poor. His education was sound, although a speech defect and a natural reserve gave the impression of dullness. Shortly after he had earned a doctorate at age 22, his uncle, newly elected Pope, made him a cardinal and administrator of the See of iMilan. However, much to Charles' chagrin, his uncle kept him at Rome and loaded him with many responsibilities and honors. He nevertheless managed to discharge all

his duties without frenzy, finding time fOl' both physical and cultural recreation. ,Pius IV was eager to reconvene the Council of Trent. The council, however, was bent on reform, and not all wanted ~t. Only the brilliance and untiring industry of Charles effected the reopening. During the two years of Trent's final session he worked unceasingly to keep it from' breaking up before its task was finished. In 1563 he was ordained priest and bishop but still could not return to Milan. He had to see to the composition of the catechism of the Council of Trent and the reform of the liturgy although by now the results of Milan having had no bishop for 80 years were chaotic. Finally Charles was allowed to make a visitation but soon his uncle's

mortal illness recalled him to Rome. Pius IV begged him to stay for a while, but finally he was free to return to Milan. As an Ordinary he was demanding on himself, living austerely yet prudently. Especially valuable household goods he sold for an enormous sum and turned over the proceeds to disadvantaged families. His prayer life was deep and constant, and his serenity of soul communicated itself to all. Holiness and strength of character were essential to his task. His people were ignorant, ill instructed, and superstitious. Many priests were equally ig· norant and the monasteries were disorderly. But Charles was determined to set things right and worked Tum to Page Thirteen

Quest for a Credible Church By Wiliam E. May As a Harvard undergraduat~ in the late ~ 930s, Avery Dulles was in many ways typical of his generation and social class. He was an intelligent, sophisticated, and amiable hedonist, convinced that God and religion were simply relics of a more superstitious., nonscientific age. But he came to realize that there is an order of transcendant significance discernible in the universe and that it is necessary to find something more secure than cultural mores if one wants to make sense of the human struggle. Eventually he entered the Church and later the Society of Jesus. As a Jesuit, Dulles has sought

constantly to deepen his faith, and help make it credible to others. He is anxious to remove obstacles to belief presented when truths are taught to wave inappropriate to the findings of contemporary historical and scientific evidence. The Second Vatican Council has had a great influence on Dulles and his thought, particularly in deepening his understanding of the mystery of the Church. With the council he believes that the one true Church of Jesus Christ "subsists in" the Roman Catholic Church but at the same time he seeks to show with the council, that other Christian bodies truly merit the name "church" and that signifiTurn to Page Thirteen

Quest F'or A Credible Church Continued from Page Twelve cant elements of sanctification and of truth are incarnated in them (cf. Lumen Gantium, par. 8 and "Models of the Church.") It is natural that such an active theologian should at times elicit controversy. In his struggle to secure, and rightly so, a hearing for theologians within the Church, Dulles has suggested that there are two magisteria, the hierarchic1!1 magisterium of the Pope and bishops and the doctrinal or scientific magisterium of the theologians. I do not agree with him. I believe this suggestion minimizes the role of pope and bishops as genuine teachers and tends to relegate them too exclusively to adminstrative roles. Yet a growing church must discuss and seek understanding. As it does, controversies will arise but through them Christ will continue to reveal Himself. more fully. Avery Dulles, in addition to being an outstanding theologian,

St. Charles Continued from Page Twelve indefatigably to do so. His combination of gentleness and firmness coupled with his inspiring example enabled him to make amazing headway. He was particularly concerned with children's instruction so he established the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, still a flourishing Church organization. In all of this he had to fight opposition from several quarters, even surviving an assasin's bullet. The Holy Year of 1575-1576 brought crowds of pilgrims to Milan and with them came the plague. The civil authorities fled; Charles, his clergy and lay helpers stayed to work amid frightful conditions, with death everywhere. But the young prelate saw it through and somehow survived. In 1584 he fell ill and died in Milan at the age of 46.

is also an unusually hard-working, courageous, and friendly person, whose demeanor radiates the gentleness and kindness of Christ. Today, as in his years at Harvard, Father Dulles is still intelligent and amiable, but he is far from a hedonist. Rather, he is a man whose life is, in the title of the book in which he tells of his conversion, a Testimonial to Grace.

Council of Trent Continued from Page Twelve also insisted on good works and on the role of authority in interpretation of the Bible. Conceding the uniqueness of the one sacrifice of Christ, Trent also stood for the sacramental re-presentation and experience of that sacrifice in every Mass. In addition, Trent reiterated the doctrine of the Real Presence. ,Trent was an astonishing and remarkable achievement in Church life. Perhaps it was misused by some in succeeding times; st,ill there is no warrant for the mindless scorn heaped on it by some in today's Church. Trent stood for Gospel faith and Catholic tradition.

Cardinal Denies Hea Ith Problems ROME (NC) - Cardinal John Wright, 68, prefect of the Vatican Congregation for the Clergy, has denied rumors that he plans early retirement and that he is having very serious health problems. "I have something which is called polymyositis, which is a general weakening of the leg muscles, but there is no pain," said Cardinal Wright. He said that for 18 months he had been taking cortisone medication, but that now he is taking only vitamins. He added that his doctor has advised him to use a cane when standing or walking.


A Verdade E A Vida Dirigida pelo Rev. Edmond Rego Ora~ao

o Senhor diz-nos nue e nreciso rezar semnre e nunca desfalecer. E S~o Paulo reoete: Orai sem interrup~~o. Se Deus esta em toda a parte e somos Seus filhos nao oodemos viver alheados d'Ele. A nos sa vida ha-de ser urn dialoqo contlnuo com 0 Senhor. olhando nara Ele. nedindo. aqradecendo, contando-Lhe as nossas oenas e al~qrias. nedindo oerdao. e louvando-O nor tantas maravilhas Que nos rodeiam. o trabalho h~-de'converter-se num dialoqo de amor. 0 mesmo h~-de acontecer com todas as ocupasoes. ate com 0 sono. Como os meninos oequenos aue nao querem larqar urn brinauedo. Adormecem com ele. mas loqo despertem se lho Querem tirar. A vida de ora~~o e diflcil oorQue nao vemos 0 Senhor. apesar de estar semore junto de nos. E. deoois. as outras coisas facilmente nos distraem. j~ aue en tram nelos sentidos enos absorvem ° pensamento. E dif(cil tambem ooroue h~-de ser urn trato contlnuo e este nao e oosslvel sem temDOS dedicados exclusivamente a ora~ao. Como nao e posslvel a amizade carin~osa entre pais e filhos. entre esposos. entre namorados se nao arranjam tempo DaTa estar uns com os outros. A amizade e como uma fOQueira. Exiqe lenha mi~da e cavacas qrossas. que mantenham o lume vivo. Como se enqanam os que sonham converter a vida em ora~ao. ainda que dedicada ~s coisas mais santas. se nao oaram aloum temoo. cada dia. oara esse dialoQo oessoale lntimo com Deus! ' Nao sem motivo. repete-o muitas vezes o Evanqelho. oassava lonqo tempo em ora~ao. retirando-se para luqares solitarios. oassando a moite inteira nesse di~loqo lntimo com o Pai Celestial. Se tivermos oresente aue Ele 0 contemplava continuamente. tambem com a Sua alma humana. Que nao necessitava DaTa isso de isolar-se ou de parar. comoreenderemos melhor a lisao Que nos Quis deixar bern Qravada. Estando a orar em certo luqar. contanos S. Lucas. Quando terminou disse-Lhe urn dos Seus discloulos: Senhor. ensina-nos a rezar. Todos orecisamos de aprender com 0 Senhor. Como sao importantes esses tempos de silencio no meio da vida trepidante do nos so tempo! Dizia urn celebre medico. convertido em Lourdes depois de muitos anos de ateismo: A influencia da ora~ao sobre 0 esrn1rito e 0 corDa humane ~ tao facilmente demonstravel como a secre~ao das qlandulas: os seus resultados medem-se oor urn crescimento de enerqia flsica. viqor intelectual. for)a moral e uma comoreensao mais profunda das realidades fundamentais. Entra esses temoos de ora~ao e de real~ar a ora~ao mental ou medita~do. Os qrandes' mestres da vida esoiritual de todos os tempos n~o se cansam de insistir na sua necessidade oara proqredir na santidade. A nossa alma e como urn moinho. Nele se deita 0 triqo.' que e a Palavra de Deus. ~traves da oreqa)ao e da leitura esoiritual. t oreciso mo~-lo oela reflexao ao lonqo do dia. A o~a~ao mental amassa essa farinha para transforma-la em born oao cozido no calor da intimidade com Deus. oara alimento da nossa vida. PorQue 0 moinho muitas vezes esta sem qrao. e necess~rio. na ora~to. juntar todas essas opera)oes. Por isso se the da tambem 0 nome de medita~ao~ Ca na terra temos de fazer como Jesus fez durante a Sua vida.



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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs.,


9, 1978

focus on youth ... By Cecilia Belanger

By Charlie Martin

I Want To Live There are children raised in sorrow on a scorched and barren plain. There are children raised beneath the golden sun. There are children of the water, children of the sand. And they cry out through the universe, their voices raised as one: I want to live, I want to grow, I want to see, I want to know, I want to share what I can give, I want to be, I want to live! Have you gazed on the ocean, seen the breaching of a whale? Have you watched the dolphin frolic in the· foam? Have you heard the song the humpback hears 500 miles away, . Telling tales of ancient history, of passages and home? For the worker and the warrior, the lover and the liar, For the native and the wanderer in time; For the maker and...the user, and the mother and her son, I am looking for my family and all of you are mine! We are standing all together, face-to-face, and aml-inarm; We are standing on the threshold of a dream. No mote hunger, no more killing, no more wasting life away! It is simply an idea and I know its time has come. Written and Sung By John Denver, copyright (c) 1977 by RCA Records, Inc. John Denver's music has brought a new level of insight and celebration to the 1970s. No matter how one judges his voice or musical abilities, it is difficult to fault his lyrical talent. His songs rank with the best poetry, of the decade. "I Want to Live" expresses his belief in the unity of persons and human experience. Modern technology has closed the distance between countdes and peoples and we realize that events in other places affect us. Further the song declares belief in the potential of each person. Life presents ever-growing opportunities to share our gifts. Are we open to this? There are costs involved with an affirmative answer. One is security. It is safer to avoid new challenges or reaching out to needs. But the risks are worth 'it. Mistakes will occur, but these, too, can be vehicles for growth. For Christians the standard of excellence is the Gospel. Jesus challenges us to an ever-greater involvement with the world around us. It is hardly the message of personal security and safety. In a society where gain and self-satisfaction are emphasized, Gospel values do not fit well. But it is here that I see the real compatibility of the Gospel and this song. "I Want to Live" states that we are "standing on the threshold of a dream." The truth of this statement is in the balance. What we do today wiH make the difference. Which way will we cause the balance to swing?





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This week a reader asked me if I thought universities were impersonal. Maybe this answer overSimplifies hut wherever there are friends or acquaintances with whom one shares common interests, then no place need be impersonal. There is, however, growing impersonality in the world. And perhaps fol' some this is a new feature of the university world.· Also, universities have grown in size and in number, with diversity and new emphasis. Something else to think about: there has been a loss of a simple embracing community of ideas that marked the .early years of those colonial colleges. The over-arching commitments and agreements no longer sustain us. And more: there has been a growth of science and technology, and with it, a growth of scientism. With all this has come a reductionism that withers the richness of the totality of our human experience. The danger lies in the fact that some institutions of learning have become "research universities." There has been, alas, a relative declinE! in both the enrollment and the influence of the private universities and colleges, where needi of individual students have been most often cherished a.nd nurtured. Finally, there has been "student power," which has hard things to say about dormitory rules and living hours, and has led to an attitude which sees needs of individual students as being their own business and nobody else's, thank you very much.. How do we respond to all that? First, it seems to me, we have to accept what is. It's no good hankering back for the simple life (although I often do) of the New England college. That seems to be gone forever. Anyway, its knowledge was often narrow, secUlar-classical, aristocratic, and uncommitted. I believe we need to assert the personal basis of truth. If research has opened up new categories, it must also re-emphasize the fact that 1)0 one category can claim exclusive right to the whole of human understanding. I believe we have to realize again that reason and analysis are no substitute for value judgments. We take a serious step back in academic communities when we refuse to give the right to speak to those whose views differ from our -own. Freedom of expression is the birthright 'Of universities. We also ask this: Where are the values of which knowledge is not only to be based but used? We have taken for granted that if we took care of the mind, the heart would take care of itself and that ha.s proved a false assumption.

"WE NEED a North arrow on the map of reason." Stonehill College students attend a campus Eucharist. (Beth Brennan Photo) I suppose that within a university as· elsewhere there is a temptation to suppose that once a situation has been ana. lyzed, everything is done. Perhaps the commandment we need to hear is: "Thou shalt not stand idly by." . Lives should have three phases, consecutive interactive: exploration, discovery, direction and commitment. How does reason ·come into all this? What reason does, as I understand it, is to provide the base map for the unknown world in which we live. But it is only a base map. It gives only the reference points carefully arranged in relation to one an-

other. We've always needed the help of earlier cartographers as we explore this universe of the unknown, just as others have before us. We also need some kind of North arrow on the map of reason, giving a sense of direction and significance fusing the different maps of life together. We need, in short, an integrating response to the totality of experience. Faith is that response. It is not apart from reason, but undergirds it. We must see beyond the particulars to the universals; we must seek in the day-to-day events of life their eternal significance.

in our diocesan schools Bishop Feehan Jane Bolinger, a senior at Bishop Feehan High, Attleboro, has been named a National Merit finalist, one of a group numbering less than one-half of one percent of the nation's top high s~hool students. Involved in many school activities, Jane is planning a career in political science. Also a commended Feehan senior is James Diamond, coneerning whom the area Red Cross disaster chairman wrote a letter to Feehan principal Sister Mary Faith. The letter listed the many blizzard-related services performed by James with his four-wheel drive vehicle. They ,included taking personnel to nursing homes, delivering medicine and food to those unable to leave their homes, transporting an injured man to a doctor and taking a priest and family member to a home to give notification of a death.

Club, and activities related to the annual area science fair. The school Lenten program includes weekly "Thought for the Day" programs, penance services, Masses and the stations of the cross. On· Sunday, March 19 the school will sponsor an Irish Night with Celtic music and entertainment.

Holy Family

Junior Wendy Garafalo was first prize winner at Holy Family's recent science fair. Her topic was open heart surgery. Freshman Kevin Stone came in second with a study of carbon dioxide; and sophomore Gina Moniz was third with an explanation of kidney dialysis. Honorable mention went to 10 other exhibits. Judges Peter Crowley and Alan Spirlet of the Stang High School faculty; J. Paul Gomes of St. Anthony; and Daniel Larkin of Holy Family. As a school service project, The top ten contenders will 12 Key Club members repainted enter a regional science fair to student restrooms during the rEl- be held in Taunton March 31 and cent vacation. April 1. Recent extracurricular activiIn other events at the New ties have also included partici- Bedford high school, Stephen pation in the Massachusetts Cusson was the representative at Drama Festival by dramatic arts Student Government Day in Bosstudents, a student exchange ton earlier this month, and the day with Attleboro High School, annual junior dance was held an open meeting and film show- March 3 with music by Mixed ing sponsored by the Astronomy Company.

THE ANCHORThurs., March 9, 1978

Interscholastic Sports

is a dismal exercise in self-indulgence. There is some rough language, but, like most of the dialogue, it is almost unintelligible. Morally unobjectionable for adults.



Beyond and Back (Sunn) is a treatment of happenings indicating that there is life after death; however, many of its conclusions are at variance with Christian belief. Additionally, the death experience is presented with a graphic realism that might have harmful effects on young children. Morally unobjectionable for adults.

Southies' Burke Leading Scorer Tom Burke of champion Fall River South, with 17 goals and 12 assists for 29 points, was the leading scorer in the Bristol County Catholic Hockey League. Bob Hughes of Westport-Dartmouth was the runnerup with 26 points based on 15 goals and 11 assists. Somerset's Brian Cabral netted the most goals, 20. He had five assists for a total of 25 points. Chris O'Toole, New Bedford, 10/12 for 22 point~. and Bob Leger, also of New Bedford, 11/10 for 21 points, round out the top five. Ray Correia and Len Caheceiras, both of Fall River South, tied for sixth place with 20 points each, based on 10 goals and 10 assists. They were joined in sixth place by Bob Berube, Westport-Dartmouth, whose nine goals and 11 assists also gave

him 20 points. Others in the top 10 were Steve White, Taunton, 12/6 for 18 points, and Glenn Souza, Fall River South, 10/6 for 16 points. . The league will continue its quarter-finals playoff series Sunday night when Westport-Dartmouth will oppose Taunton at nine o'clock and Somerset takes on Fall River North at 10:15 in the Driscoll Rink, Fall River. Somerset defeated North, 3-1, and Westport-Dartmouth lost to Taunton. 3-1, in the opening games of the best-of-three quarter-finals last Sunday night. Third games, if necessary, will be played next Wednesday night, starting at 10 o'clock. In the semi-finals, scheduled for March 19 and 26, South will meet Westport-Dartmouth or Taunton, New Bedford will go against Somerset or North.

Eastern Mass. Playoff Semis Today The Eastern Mass. south sectional basketball playoffs reach the semi-final stage tonight. One semi-final game is on tap in division one with both semis in divi-

Cheerleaders Compete Diocesan cheerleaders held their annual tournament last Sunday at Kennedy Center, New Bedford, competing in three divisions:: grammar_ school; jayvees and CYO units; and high school varsity squads. In the grammar school contest, winners in first to fifth places were St. Francis Xavier, Acushnet; St. Joseph, New Bedford; St. Anthony, New Bedford; Our Lady of the Assumption, New Bedford; and St. Joseph, Fairhaven.

siontwo also scheduled for tonight. Finals in all three divisions will be played Saturday afternoon.


Diocesan Tourney

Jayvees, with three winners announced, were St. Anthony, New Bedford; Durfee High School, Fall River; and Holy Ghost, Tiverton. High school victors were Durfee, New Bedford, Feehan, Westport and Norton. Next stop for winners representing Catholic schools and parishes will be the New England cheerleaders tournament, to be held Sunday, April 16, at Trinity College, Hartford.

Pope Calls Sports Weapon Against Violence This week The Anchor has a distinguished guest contributor to this column-none other than Pope Paul VI, who gave officials of Italian sports organizations a message worth heeding everywhere. Recalling that earlier this year he had expressed concern for young people's "greater vulnerability to fatal temptations to armed struggle and violent opposition," the pontiff said, "It is necessary and urgent that all responsible components of society mobilize to confront the spread of this phenomenon which, com· plicated by those of drugs, eroticism and various forms of juvenile delinquency, risks submerging in hopeless whirlpools an ever greater number of young human lives." Sports, said the pope, can be a means of developing qualities in the young that will lead them to avoid "recourse to tyrannical acts or violence. "We are firmly convinced," he

continued, "that the serious exercise of athletic activity and competitions, carried on in the spirit of universally recognized ethical principles, can make a valid contribution to limiting that process of dehumanization of social life whose alarming signs are denounced by all discerning minds. "In athletic activity, in fact, is there not an effective antidote to laziness, softness, the easy life that habitually constitute the most suitable ground for the sad spread of every sort of vice?"

Meets With Pope VATICAN CITY (NC)-Archbishop John Quinn of San Francisco, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, met with Pope Paul VI as part of a round of getting-acquainted visits that the San Francisco prelate is making to key Vatican officials as NCCB president. He was elected to that post in November.


SEA-CORRODED statue of Greek youth is from ship wrecked in the Aegean Sea in the first century BC. Jacque!; Cousteau tells its story in "Diving for Roman Plunder," to be seen Tuesday, March 14 on PBS channels. (NC Photo)

tv, movie news New Films Mado (Green) is a long, rambling tale of a pure-of-heart prostitute named Mado (Ottavia Piccolo). Forced into her profession by the unjust structure of society, Mado shows a devotion to her working-class friends and a lack of avarice that are a con· stant reproach to her most enamored patron, a wealthy businessman (Michel Piccoli). Gratuitous nudity makes this film objectionable in part for all. "Coup de Grace" (Cinema 5) is a grim, dull German film about the entangled passions of three German aristocrats (a brother and sister . and the brother's too-close friend) which is set against the chaotic background of post-World War I Latvia. In the central role Margarethe von Trotta gives a rather listless performance as a woman who is supposed to be full of passion and capable of fomenting passion in others. The film is morally objectionable for adults. "Crossed Swords" (Warners) is a colorful, well-acted and very entertaining film version of Mark Twain's "The 'Prince and the Pauper." Mark Lester is very good in the dual role of Tom Canty, an up-and-coming young London thief, and Prince Edward. Most enjoyable is the performance of Rex Harrison as the humane but wily Duke of Norfolk. Stunning settings, gorgeous cinematography and rich costuming also contribute to the overall entertainment value of the film. Parents should be advised, however, that some graphic violence may rule this film out for younger children. Morally unobjectionable for adults and adolescents. "The Other Side of the Mountain, Part II" (Universal) is a sequel to the immensely popular film about skier Jill Kinmont, paralyzed by a skiing accident

at the start of a promisIng car· eer. It relates events leading to her marriage. Though glossy and sentimental, it is nonetheless en· tertaining and at times inspiring, thanks mainly to a fine per· formance by Marilyn Hassett. The less than satisfactory hand· ling of a very special case of premarital sex, however, make:; an approved for adults only rat· ing necessary.

Casey's Shadow (Columbia) involves a poverty-stricken horse trainer (Walter Matthau) given a chance for fortune when a phenomenal colt comes his way. The drama involves his decision on whether to run the horse in a big race before an injured leg is wholly healed. There is some needlessly rough language and apparent condoning of the l.ess than admirable side of its hero's character. Morally unobjectionable for adults. Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands (Carnival Films). Interesting chiefly for its exotic locales and characters is this Brazilian film about a remarried widow visited by the ghost of her first mate. This slight Baccaccio-like anecdote is objectionable because of several sex scenes. Condemned. Gray Lady Down (Universal). Charlton Heston is the heroic captain of a nuclear submarine sunk in a collision in this action film that is quite entertaining for its type. Morally unobjectionable for adults and adolescents.

"Starship Invasions" (Warn· ers) is an inept, ludicrous, and boring Canadian film about good and bad flying saucers locked in a battle upon which the fate Opening Night (Faces). A popof Earth depends. Its violence and its tasteless depiction of ex· ular but aging stage actress periments on human' beings make' (Gena Rowlands) confronts her an adults only rating necessary. first role as an older woman and the prospect of a future career "An Unmarried Woman;' (Foxl of character parts. The language is a sincere, relatively sensitive and the adult nature of the theme and extremely well acted stud" make it a film for mature viewof the plight of a woman in he":, ers. Morally unobjectionable for late 30s whose secure and happy adults. world is shattered by her hus· band's declaration that he i:; TV Movie leaving her for a younger wom· Monday, March 13, 9 p.m. an. Unfortunately, the film goe:; (ABC) - "The Laughing Policeon too long, becomes diffuse and is further marred by being man (1973): Walter Matthau is too explicit in its depiction ,of a hardbitten police detective desexual activity. Objectionable in termined to find a mass murderer in this competent thriller part for all, whose emphasis, however, on Coming Home is the first main· violence, crude language and the line Hollywood film to deal seri- tawdry side of San Francisco is ously with the Vietnam war. It offensive. Morally objectionable stars Jane Fonda as the submis- in part for all. sive wife of a gung-ho Marine captain (Bruce Dern), and de· Religious Radio tails her affair with Luke Martin Sunday, March 12. "Guideline" (Jon Voight) a Vietnam-caused (NBC) continues a series on the paraplegic. The too-graphic nature of a love scene and a sym- significance of Lent for the conpathetic presentation of adulter'l temporary Christian. The submake this film morally obje~­ ject of this fifth dialogue will be the raising of Lazarus from tionable for all. the dead. Guests are Father Renaldo Clera (Circuit) is an Peter Mann, a BritiSh Benedicattempt by singer Bob Dylan to tine priest and theologian curmake a profound movie by taking rently working, in the 'United the footage of his last big con- States, and Father William cert tour and interspersing i:' Ayres, director of communicawith some absurd and tediou;; tions for the diocese of Rockepisodes acted out by himself, ville Centre, N.Y. (Check local his wife and friends. The result listings for time.)

ing confessions. Knights of Columbus will re~ ceive corporate communion at 8:30 a.m. Mass Sunday, March 12.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Mar. 9, 1978


The Parish :Pa:rade Publicity chairman of parish organizations are asked to submit news items for this column to The Anchor, P. O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722. Name of city or town shoUld be included, as well as full dates of all acllvities. Please send news of future rather than past events. Note: We do not carry news of fundraising activities such as bingos, whists, dances, suppers and bazaars. We are happy to carry notices of spiritual programs, club meetinRs, youth projects and similar nonprofit activities. Fundraising projects may be advertised at our regular rates, obtainable from The Anchor business office, telephone 675·7151.



The Women's Club meeting at 8 tonight in the church hall will feature the Irish High Steppers and potluck desserts. Guests will be members of other church organizations for women in the Mansfield area. "Delete the word 'diet' from your vocabulary for the evening," say organizers, adding that members are asked to bring the "creme de la creme 'Of their dessert fare to the meeting." IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, NORTH EASTON The Women's Guild will present a film on the life of Mother Teresa of Calcutta at 7:30 p.m. Sunday in the parish hall. Produced by the HBC, the film is narrated by Mother Teresa and her biographer, Malcolm Mug·geridge. A question period will follow, conducted by John and Virginia McDonough of Braintree, workers for Mother Teresa's missions. The public is invited at no charge and refreshments will be served. The regular guild meeting will take place at 8 p.m. Monday, also in the hall. A slide presentation on the Holy Land will be offered by Rosemary Keleher,

SACRED HEART, FALL RIVER Cub Scouts will meet at 3:30 this afternoon in the parish center and the TACT group will meet at 7 tonight. TACT will also hold a day of recollection from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturda~', also at the center. A preparation session for parents of children receiving First· Penance will be held at 2 p.m. Sunday in the school cafeteria. A Lenten renewal week will take place at 6 p.m. Mass the week of Mal"Ch 13 through 17, with various speakers discussing the general topic of Christian love.

9:30, also in the hall. The "13 Tuesdays" honoring St. Anthony of Padua, an annual parish custom, will begin March 14, continuing until the Tuesday preceding the saint's feast on June 13. ST. JOHN OF GOO, SOMERSET The Women's Guild will meet .at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, March 15. A cake demonstration will highlight the session. A Lenten penance service will be held at 7 p.m. Saturday, March 11, with clergy from outside the parish assisting in hear-

HOLY NAME, FALL RIVER The monthly intercessory prayer service will be held at 3 p.m. Sunday, March 19. 55. PETER AND PAUL, FALL RIVER Parishioners interested in filling a vacancy on the Activities Committee are asked to call William Manville, chairman, at 673-8181 or Rev. Stephen A. Fernandes by Sunday, March 19. Teddy Nowicki, eighth grade student in the parochial school, will b~ a Community Auditions Talent Show contestant at 11

a.m. this Sunday on Channels 4 and 6. The 14-year-old student will play "Shadow of Your Smile" as his entry. He is organ· ist for all school Masses and is also heard weekly at an area shopping mall. An alt;r boy for seven year~, "TJ" plays CYO basketball and is goalie for a Rhode Island Youth Hockey Association team. ST. ANNE, FALL RIVER A penance service for second graders and their parents in both the CCD and parochial school programs will be held Sunday in the school auditorium. Also on Sunday, a parish day of recollection will be held at the school at I p.m.

ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER The March spiritual direction day for members of the Confraternity of Our Lady of Czestcchowa will be held Wednesday, the 22nd instead of the previously announced date earlier -this month. Rabbi Norbert Weinoerg will lead participants in the paris'l Lenten renewal program in a passover supper exper:ence c.t 3:30 and 6:30 p.m. Sunday in the school hall. A penance service for First Penance recipients, their families and friends will be he:d at 10 a.m. Saturday and refreshments ments will follow in the schocl A peanance service' for First Penance recipients, their families and friends will be held at 10 a.m. Saturday and refrest-ments will fgollow in the school hall. Easter tapestry sewing sessions will be held tonight an:! tomorrow night from 7:45 to

March 5-11

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Fr. IlligToGive VOL.22,NO.9 FALLRIVER,MASS.,THURSDAY,MARCH9,1978 FATHERILLIG ATBIRTHRIGHT anniversary celebration,fromleft,SusanAnderson,int...

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