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The ANCHOR

Global Hunger Focus Of Overseas Appeal

An Anchor 01 the Soul, Sure and Firm-St. Pout

Fall River, Mass., Thursday, Mar. 6, 1975 PRICE 1Sc Vol. 19, No. 10 © 1975 The Anchor $5.00 per y.ar

POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

Evaluates Financing Of Catholic Schools WASHINGTON (NC) - The chairman of the first National Conference on Catholic Sch<lol Finance evaluates v a rio u s solutions to Catholic schools' financial problems in the February issue of Momentum, a Catholic educational journal. III <:n interview in the monthly publication of the National Catholic Educational Association (NCEA), Father Frank Bredeweg, ~ NCEA's Special Projects Director, who chaired the conference on finance last June, spoke optimistically about Catholic schools' participation in federal school aid programs. Discussing H.R. 69, the Education Amendment of 1974 which extended and amended the 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), Father Bredeweg said: "There is strong language in H.R. 69 about nonpublic school participation and a stress upon advisory councils, both at the state and local lev-

els, and this could enhance private school participation legally in the years ahead." Pointing out that federal aid must still be channelled through local public school districts, Father Bredeweg said sucb aid "will never do the job it could do until a way is found to enable private schools to operate as a quasi-LEA (local education agency) and therefore to plan and administer programs suited to their own circumstances." The educator noted that 28 states have some form of auxiliary service aid, such as transportation, textbooks, instructional materials, health services, or guidance and counseling, intended to benefit the child rather than the school. School administrators interested in sucb aid, he said, should contact their state' Catholic conferences and diocesan government aid coordinators. Turn to Page Four

Religious List Areas Of Social Concern WASHINGTON (l~C) The food crisis, the economy and military spending will be the main focus in the 94th Congress for Network, a- lobbying organization composed mainly of Religious women. Priorities for the organization were summarized in the February newsletter of the organization. The newsletter said the priorities had been chosen through a referendum of Network's 2,000-plus members. Network works closely with other Catholic agencies as well as a broad range of labor, civic and professional groups in lobbying for -its issues. Network listed its priorities under five main categories: Global hunger, health care, domestic poverty, foreign policy and criminal justice. Global hunger: Network will support bills which base aid on human needs and not "national interest;" support the family farm and aid farmers through credit, education and technical assistance; provide equal distri-

bution of food to the needy and make multinational corporations and agri-business more accountable by ending tax; benefits 'and monitoring large sales of basic resources. Health Care: Netwok will support the Health Security Act, the most comprehensive national health insurance program now before Congress. The bill was sponsored by Sen. Edward Kennedy (D·Mass.) and Rep. Al Gorman (D-Calif.). Domestic poverty: Main concerns are welfare reform and full employment bills. The main welfare reform measure before Congress is the "Income Security" program introduced in the last session of Congress by Rep. Martha Griffiths (D-Mich.). The program calls for replacing Aid to Families of Dependent Children and Food Stamps with a combined tax credit and cash allowance system. The bill would have two main parts: A $225 tax credit per person in a family instead of the Turn to Page Fourteen

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(Bishops' WeUare. Emergency and ReUet Fund) THE POOfl WrrHOlJT REGARD TO RACE, CREED OR COLOR

Catholic churches and chapels in the Diocese of Fall River will focus on the problem of world hunger the weekend of March 8th and 9th when, under the sponsorship of the Most Rev. Daniel A. Cr<>nin, S.T.D., a special collection will be taken up ,in support of the annual American Catholic Overseas Aid Appeal. The primary beneficiary of this annual collection is Catholic Relief Services-USCC, the official overseas aid and devel-

opment agency of the Catholic food supplements, vitamins and hierarchy of the United States. medicines to counteract mal"The bishops of the United nutrition in the areas of the States outlined a program of developing world most seriously pastoral action," said Bishop plagued by food shortages. At Cronin, "when they urged both the same time, CRS is also inimmediate concern and long creasing its developmental work range action to meet the grow- aimed at improv·ing agricultural ing problem of world hunger. production by the rural farmer, This appeal is an integral part of the sponsorship of vitally imthat program." . portant pre-school nutrition proeRS-USCC has stepped up its grams and the expansion of program of emergency relief by water resources, especially for shipping massive amounts of agricultural use.

Pilgrimage Reflections A special audience with Pope 'Paul VI, who departed from his annual retreat to receive Holy Year pilgrims in Rome at the beautiful Courty·ard of San Damaso in the Vatican, was highlight of the Fall River Diocesan Pilgrimage to Rome for Holy Year 1975. -In the bright and warm noonday sunshine, the Pontiff ad· dressed a group of pilgrims including the sixty member delegation from Fall River which participated in the Holy Year rites under the leadership of the Most Reverend Daniel A. Cronin, Bis!lop of Fall River. Pope

Paul welcomed pilgrims from various nations at the audience, speaking in several languages. He made special mention of Bishop Cronin, whom he recognized with other bishops present, and spoke of the Diocesan Ordinary as a former collaborator of the Holy Father in the Vatican Secretariat of State and as one who had served the Holy See ,in Africa, a reference to the years spent by Bishop Cronin on the staff of the Apostolic Nunciature of the Holy See to Ethiopia. A group of pilgrims at the Turn to Page Two

Last year alone, in a program which had a value of more than $154 million, CRS-USCC assisted more than 20 mmion poverty-stricken people without regard to race, creed or color in some 75 countries around the globe. Other organizations benefiting from this appeal, which will culminate in a special collection in all the churches in the area on Laetare Sunday, March 9th, are the Charities of His Holiness, Pope Paul VI, the Refugee and Migration Section of the U.S. Catholic Conference, and the Catholic Apostleship of the Sea, serving the Merchant Marine tn major ports throughout the world.


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tHE ANCHORThurs., Mar. 6, 1975

Mercy Mass Next Week Tbe Sisters of Mercy and friends of their community will . join in a Eucharistic celebration at St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall River, at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, March 12, as part of the order's commemoration of its founding in this region. The principal theme of the liturgy will be justice: a call to justice for all women and men serving· in the Church's ministries of teaching and healing. During the celebration, the Sisters will also offer thanksgiving to God for 101 years of Mercy service to the Fall River Diocese. Presently in the Diocese two Sisters of Mercy hold diocesan positions; 13 are involved in child care work; 36 teach on the high school level; 35 are in elementary schools; 14 serve in special education schools; nine are full-time religious education coordinators; and six Sisters serve in the public sector in the pro· fessions of teaching and nursing. The Sisters invite all friends and associates of the Mercy community to join them at the Cathedral on March 12.

Wom'en To Offer Fashion Show The New Bedford District Council of Catholic Women will present a Dinner·Fashion Show entitled "Modes de Printemps" on Thursday, March 13, at White's . Restaurant in' North Westport. Dinner will be served at 7 P.M. sharp followed immediately by Fashions from Peerless with Mrs. Shirley Martin as commentator. ,Felix Fournier will provide piano interludes. Tickets are $5.50 and may be obtained from President Irene Carreiro (997·7170) or from committee members.

Holy Years VATICAN CIlY (NC) - Pope Paul VI has opened a special Vatican exhibition of documents connected with the 25 Holy Years thus far declared by the Church of Rome. They went on exhibition this month in an apartment off the Vatican's se· cret archives and range from the original bull issued by Pope Boniface VIII for the first Holy Year of 1300 to the bull of indiction signed by Pope Paul for the present 1975 Holy Year.

Necrology MAR. 16

Rev. Francis J. Maloney, S.T.L., 1957, Pastor, S1. Mary, North Attleboro. MAR. 19

Rev. John J. McQuaide, 1905, Assistant, St. Mary, Taunton. MAR. 20

Rev. Francis A. Mrozinski, 1951, Pastor, St. Hedwig, New Bedford. . ._ . I I....lflOl" ..III1l'IU"'III'.III'ln"'.. " ' l ' l l l l l t " ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' I I I l I I I U l I " " " " l t H l ' -

THE ANCHOIl Second Class Postage Paid at F,II River, Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 Highland Avenue, Fall Rliver, Mass. 02722 by the Clthollc Prets of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mall, postp~ld $5,00 per yelr.

Be an ACTIVE, POSITIVE, PARTICIPANT

Reparation Vigil In Acushnet

IN TH E

HOLY YEAR THE YEAR OF RECONCILIATION AND RENEWAL

A five-hour vigil in honor of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary will be held from 8 to 1 tomorrow night at St. Francis Xavier Church, Main Street, Acushnet, Mass.

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responsibility of the Holy Year!

Let us-

• deserve confidence

• try to understand

• mend a quarrel

• examine our - demands on others

Tomorrow night's program will begin with Mass, followed by recitation of the rosary, a meditation, a holy hour, Benediction and, at midnight, a second Mass. Refreshments will be served in the 'course of the evening.

• seek a forgotten friend

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• keep a promise • build peace • find time • dismiss suspicion and replace it with trust

Purpose of the vigils, held at a different church each month, is to make reparation for sin and to fulfill the request of Our Lady of Fatima to pray for peace, say organizers.

• apologize if we were wrong

Self-Sacrifice

• share a treasure • listen • give a soft answer • welcome a stranger • encourage youth • express gratitude • manifest our loyalty in word and deed

• laugh a little

• forgive a grudge

• be gentle

• forgive an enemy

• appreciate

• be kind

• go to church

• flount envy

• pray

It is only through the mystery of self-sacrifice that a man may find himself anew. -Jung

((Pray, and tl&en be reconcUed with' 80meone" ((Pray, to reMtD ourseZve8 again in the spirit of our faith, to be honest with ourselve8 and to Zo'Ve God and our fellowman" HY ANNIS 775·06841 South Yarmouth 398-2201 Harwich Port 432-0593

HOLY YEAR CHECKLIST: The Indiana Knights of Columb~sare providing a poster checklist listing suggestions for acts of reconciliation to be performed to make the Holy Year an effective one in the lives of individuals. NC Photo.

Holy Year Pilgrimage Reflections Continued from Paee One Papal audience, members of the armed forces of Italy, gathered in the Courtyard of San Damaso, sang military songs while awaiting the appearance of the Holy Father. Not to be outdone, the Fall River pilgrims broke into song at one point, and the tune ",God Bless America" echoed off the courtyard walls! Holy Doors The Fall River pilgrims had a full week of treasured memories to recall upon their return to the Diocese. Daily Mass at the greatest shrines of Christen· dom constituted the principal corporate pilgrimage activity. At each of the Holy Year basil· icas, special prayers were led by Bishop Cronin as the pilgrims . processed through the holy doorways. Ten priests from all areas of the Diocese concelebrated the Pilgrimage Masses with Bishop Cronin, and special musical programs consisting of hymns, chants, responses and acclamations were led by the Rev. Horace J. Travassos, of St. James Parish in New Bedford, one of the pilgl:ims. The first Pilgrimage Mass set a virtual tone for succeeding liturgical celebrations, when the group gathered for Mass on Sunday morning, February 16th, at the Altar of Saint Pius X in Saint 'Peter's 'Basilica. In his homily, Bishop Cronin noted the significance of the fact that it was Saint Pius X who, as Pope in 1904, who had canonically established the Diocese of Fall River. The Fall River pilgrimage

was accorded the unique honor of utilizing the principal papal altar at the Basilica of Saint John Lateran. In addition to visiting the Basilica of Saint Mary Major and the Basilica of Saint Paul outside the Walls for Mass, the pilgrims made a visit to the Catacombs of Saint Sebastian on the outskirts of Rome, descending under the guidance of the Franciscan ,Friars who have custody of this shrine, to yet another of the sites most sacred fO Christian history, following in the footsteps of countless pilgrims through the ages. North American College On Wednesday afternoon, February 19th, the Pilgrimage Mass was celebrated in the beautiful chapel of the North American College on the Janiculum Hill, a short distance from Saint Peter's dome. Seminarians from the Diocese of Fall River enrolled at the North American College participated in this Ii· turgical celebration. Rev. Mr. Timothy Place of New Bedford served as Deacon. Mr. Robert Oliveria of Fall River was Master of Ceremonies and Mssrs. Normand Grenier of Taunton and Jon Paul GaHant of Fall River were acolytes. Rev. Mr. Jay Maddock of Mansfield, a Deacon from the Diocese who is also enrolled at the College, helped in providing a special tour of the institution for Fall River visitors. Bishop Cronin, who serves as Chairman of the Episcopal Committee for the North American College in the National Conference of Catholic

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Bishops of the United States, spoke, in his homily on thi~ memorable occasion, of the manner in which the seminary serves as a special bond link· ing the People of God of the United States with the Vicar of Christ upon earth, the Successor of Saint Peter. A delightful dinner was held Turn to Page Four

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Rejects Changes In Jesuits' Fourth VOW

tHE ANCHORThurs., Mar. 6, 1975

ROME (NC) - Pope Paul has repeated his earlier warning that he will approve no changes in the rules of the Society of Jesus governing access to the so-called "fourth vow" of special obedi· ence to the Pope. He so stated in a handwritten letter to the superior general of the Jesuits, Father Pedro Arrupe. This was confirmed to NC News Service by a Jesuit authority. One source within the Vatican's Secretariat of State commented that, because of the cantroversiy over the fourth vow, "relations are very tense between the Jesuits and the Vatican." Despite a lctter of Dec. 3 from the papal secretary of state, Cardinal Jean Villot, stating that the Pope could not approve any changes extending the fourth vow to all Jesuit priests, the general congregation voted on Jan. 24- to draft new concretc proposals on the formal status of members of the Society of Jesus. 'Professed' Jesuits The fourth vow raises Jesuit priests to the status of "professed" members of the society and renders them eligible for certain offices within it. At present only about half of the roughly 20000 Jesuit priests-and none of th'e Brothers or "temporal coadjutors" - have been admitted to the fourth vow. Only "professed" Jesuits are eligible as delegates to general' congregations which elect the superior general and make laws for .the Society of Jesus. The current general chapter has been meeting since the beginning of December. The Jesuit source told NC News that the Pope's letter to Father Arrupe said the congre· gation should-in the source's words - "go slow and think about what you are doing." The Pope added that the' congregation's decisions would have an effect on other Religious orders as well.

Stonehill College has received a $150,000 grant from the Anderson Foundation of Maumee. Ohio. for the expansion and renovation of the college's library. The library project is the next step in the college's $15 million "Development For The Seventies" ·program. It will cost an estimated $600,000. In making the grant, the foundation stated, "We are 'happy to lend this sponsorship to a college of the calibre of Stonehill. We have been strongly impressed by. the values to which it adheres. Its well-directed growth, and its ·innovative programs. We want to support the progress of promising educational institutions of this type and we hope that a major commitment on our part will encourage others to respond to Stonehill's needs." Commenting on the grant, Father Bartell said, "We are gratified at the confidence the Anderson Foundation has shown -in Stonehill College. While providing a major impetus to our long-term development program, this grant will also help us to meet an increasing need for library space and services due to the growth of the day college, our expanded academic offer-ings and the rapid growth of our evening college."

Follows Maronite CardinalMeouchi VATICAN CITY (NC)-Maronite-rite Patriarch Antoine Khor· aiche of Antioch was enthroned Feb. 9 at Bkerke, near Beirut, Vatican Radio reported. Besides Maronite 'archibshops and bishops, the patriarchs of the Melchite, Syrian and Armenian Catholic churches in Lebanon were present. The radio added that a delegation from the Coptic-Orthodox Church represented Pope Shenouda III at the ceremony. which was also attended by governmental ministers, deputies, members of diplomatic corps and delegations from many Arab countries. Patriach Khoraiche was elected Feb. 3 to succeed the late Cardinal Paul Pierre Meouchi. who died Jan. 11. Cardinal Meouchi was a former pastor of Our Lady of Purgatory Church, New Bedford.

Life No life is perfect that has not lived youth in feeling, manhood in battle, old age in meditation. -J31unt

Stonehill Obtains Library Grant

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A U.S. PARISH HELPS: Bishop Juan Jesus Pasadas Ocampo of Tijuana, Mexico, blesses the new church at Ignacio Zaragoza, built with the help of Holy Rosary parish, San Bernardino, Calif. On the bishop's right is Father Ray Moore and on his left Father Robert Rockwell, formerly of Holy Rosary. The U.S. congregation not only donated money for materials, but some young parishioners also helped erect the building.

Californians Aid Mexicans in Building Simple Parish Ch ureh IGNACIO ZARAGOZA (NC)This Mexican settlement is nearly 40 miles south of Tecate, the border town that overflows slightly into the United States. There are few villages on that lonely stretch of road to Ensenada. The small dwellings and fenced. lots indicate a government project for settling people on the land with room to build a home and farm some acreage. Nature is not kind to Ignacio Zaragoza. Rainfall is low and rocks grow more easily than corn. But now they have a church, brick-built and airy. standing prominently on the north hill of the village, and Padre Robert Rockwell, can be easily seen walking along the street in his dusty cassock, surrounded by children of the valley. It was a special day, one Sunday recently, when the newly built church was to be dedicated by the Bishop Juan Jesus Posadas Ocampo of Tijuana. The long dusty mile from the main road to the church became a processional route for children, their banners, their bishop and two American priests. The priests - Father Bob and F'ather Ray Moore - accompanied the bishop, welcomed by about 150 persons. Among the crowd were children ·and parents from' Holy Rosary parish in San Bernadino, Calif., who had helped build the church. For the church is virtually a gift from Holy Rosary to the peopl~ of Ignacio Zaragoza. Father Rockwell, former associ,ate pastor at Holy Rosary, has spent the past year studying Mexican culture and language in this mission territory. Enough for Church One weekend last year, he returned to his San Bernardino parish, where the pastor, Msgr.

John Bland, allowed him to speak at all Masses about the needs of the area. "As a result," said Father Bob, "we raised $4,000, which was enough to build the church." The project caught the imagination of the young people of Holy Rosary, too. Several spent much of last summer vaoation helping to erect the rock and brick structure under the scorching sun. "What shall we call the church?" Bishop Juan Jesus asked the congregation at the dedication. "San Ysidro," came the reply from several sources. "Are you sure?" he asked again. "Yes, San Ysidro," they acclaimed, naming the patron saint of farmers-of campesinos. So today if you travel 30 miles south of Tecate you will'

f·ind the simple church of San Ysidro on the hillside. The Mexican villagers are now anxious to get power to it, so that after sundown it may also be used. , Father Ray Moore, who organizes the special Baja California program that exposes San Diego diocesan priests to the Mexican culture and language, told the congregation of his own joy at the completion of the church, a gift from their friends in the United States.

Eucharist "As our humanity assimilates' the material world, and as the Host assimilates ou~ humanity, the eucharist·ic transformation goes beyond and . . . irresistibly invades the universe." -de Chardin

Euroiean ~!,!~~v Haly Year Taur

Padre Bob-as he is calledwill probably return soon to a parish in the San Diego diocese, to be succeeded by another young priest ready to be ex· posed to the rigors, the frustrations and the wonders of faith in an impoverished area of Mexico's Baja California. At least now he will have a church to house and serve his people.

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THE ANCHOR~Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 6, 1975

Holy Year

Inflation ant!. Charity In these inflation days, it is the expected thing to compare notes with one's friends and to agree that a dollar does not go very far at all. And every day, it seems, the value of the dollar is less and the amount it buys is less as well. That is why it is quite extraordinary to encounter a situation where the dollar expands in a remarkable way. And this is just such a situation that is being presented before us at this time: a single dollar given this weekend to the American Catholic Overseas Aid Fund is able to purchase twenty-six dollars and fifty cents worth of -supplies and services. And the supplies and services so bought go to those the world over who are poor and needy and helpless and looking to those they do not know and can only dare hope are there with assistance for them. The yardstick of help is their need; the limit to the help is only the limitation of resources because we choose to limit what we give to those who have not. In seventy-five countries of the world, more than twenty million of the world's poor were helped last year through the charitable giving of American Catholics. There is justifiable pride on the part of the Catholics of this nation when they contemplate what they are doing the world over. There is indeed cause to rejoice that they are using the sacrifices in their own lives during this Lent to help in such a significant waythose who are in such need of help, those other brothers and sisters of the Lord, redeemed by His Blood, having the right to expectwithout the hope-that the family of God has concern for them and desires that they live in some semblance of dignity. Of course, American Catholics might also be somewhat ashamed that their fellow Americans last year spent more than a billion dollars on pet foods; spent more than a million dollars every hour of every day on liquor. But here before us is the call to charity, the response to direct our sacrifice to a worthy purpose, and the unusual opportunity of knowing that what we give expands in . such a remarkable way.

Jazz for God Through many centuries the Church was the guardian of civilization and the patron of the arts. Its role has not changed. It seems in this age that the Church is quite busy trying to safeguard and encourage the basic values of religion. But there are also occasions when she rejoices in her role as patron of the arts. One such instance that stirred delighted acceptance in modern music circles around the nation took place in St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York when jazz pianist and composer Miss Mary Lou Williams performed what she called her "Mass for the Young-or the Young Thinking" and what jazz musicians call "Mary Lou's Mass." The crowd that flocked to the Cathedral for the Mass heard jazz in its pure form, a form that throughout the last twenty years has become neurotic and disturbed. . Miss Williams has worked with such jazz greats as Dizzy Gillespie and Bud Powell and Thelonius Monk. She' believes that jazz is spiritual and healing to the soul and that it is an art form that most young people have not heard and need to be exposed to. She further believes that like all art it should also be put at the service of God. And this she did in her Mass. As jazz trumpet player Ed Poker said as he left St. Patrick's after the Mass, "This is the way Bach used to do it And now we ~an do it, too."

®the ANCHOR OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER

Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D. GENERAL MANAGER FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATOR Rev. Msgr. Daniel F. Shalloo, M.A. Rev. Msgr. John 1. Regan ASSISTANT MANAGERS Rev. Johrf R. FoIster lieu. John P. Driscoll ., ..Leary Press-Fall Rive;

"For Hunger's Sake."

School Financing Continued from Page One Father .Bredeweg called tax credits, amounts deductible from income tax for parents of nonpublic school children, "far and away the most sensible and practical approach" but one "effectively killed" hy a 1973 U.S. Supreme Court decision. yery Healthy

He said a voucher plan, whereby parents turn in certificates at a school of their choice to be submitted by the school for state funds, "would be an incredible catalyst for educational change in this country; it would create many unforeseeable situations and problems, greatly assist nonpublic schools and completely disrupt the public school system." Father' Bredeweg continued: "In the long run, we would probably have three or four basic types of elementary and secondary schools, as many European countries do, and this diversity would Ultimately be very healthy. "Practically, I can't see this bappening. The public school au· thorities wouldn't let it ha"lpen, especiallly if the program were to include nonpublic schools." He noted that current experiments with voucher plans in California and New Hampshire not involve nonpublic do schools. He also speculated that vouchers may be found constitutional because "the benefit is open to all children, both in public and private schools." Father Bredeweg said that the United States is "the only major country in Western civilization that interprets 'separation of Church and State' as negating public aid to private schools." Discussing the state of Catholic school finances, Father Bredeweg pointed out that U.S. Catholic dioceses have built "very few new schools since the early 1960s" and have, therefore, avoided over-investment "in the high construction costs of the

past decade" and "excessively burdemsome" debt structures. Loss of Sisters Operating income and expense present a different picture, he said. "The Catholic school 'system,' which is really a federation of 155 independent dioceses and over 10,000 at least semi-independent schools, has lost about 5,000 religious Sisters a year for the past decade, during which time lay salaries have justifiably been increased, costs of every· thing have soared. . . . "In addition, the population shift of the 1960s to the suburbs found most schools located where they were built, in the cities. The share of revenue which came from parish and diocesan subsidies, about two-thirds in 1967-68, could not keep up with the increased costs of recent years. When revenue is needed, parents are often still accustomed to the traditional 'nominal' tuitions." Father Bredeweg took exception to the contention by Elmer Von Feldt, editor of Columbia, .the Knights of Columbus 'magazine, in its April, 1974, issue, that "if Catholic schools fail it will not be for lack of money but for lack of will." That is an "oversimplification," Father Bredeweg said, and does not take into account differences in accounting procedures or the loss of contributed services that occurs when Religious leave the school system and are re"placed by lay teachers. "I do agree that ultimately the.' will and determination of Catholic parents is an equally deciding factor," Father Bredeweg said. "But you must have resources beyond food, dwelling, clothing, medical, automobile and whatever else is essential to the particular family, before you can opt for a Catholic education. Catholic parents must have the economic capability and see this use of their resources as more worthy than another use."

Continued from Page Two at the Grand Hotel in Rome 011 Thursday evening, February 26th. The Honorable John A. Volpe, Ambassador of the United States to Italy and former Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, was present as Bishop Cronin's guest, and spoke to the pilgrims in a cordial manner as his former constituents. Bishop Cronin took the occasion to address the happy group of clergy, religious and laity from the Diocese, representatives on their pilgrimage journey of alI the fa.ithful of the Diocese of Fall River, and underscored the spiritual riches which would flow, through the Holy Year and after, as a consequeoce of the v.isit made in faith to Rome, the center of Catholicism. Visits ·Pilgrims visited historic shrines of imperial Rome during tours, marveJ.ing at the Colosseum, .the Forum, the Pantheon and other vestiges of the time when Rome held sway through· out the then-known world. Shopping tr,ips and visits to restaurants, forays into the gardens and countryside near Rome, and trips to Assisi, Florence and Venice enthralled the pilgrims, turned during free afternoons into tourists in the magnificent foreign capital. The P,ilgrimage, first to depart from New England during Holy Year 1975, returned to Boston's Logan Airport weary but enriched with fond recollections and abundant blessings.

Declares Church Aids Cease-Fire OINCINNATI (NC) - Peace and reconciliation in Northern Ireland may be possible after all, according to a Jesuit observer who less than a year ago found the situation there virtually hopeless. Father David Bowman, staff member of the National Council of Churches, said here that the courageous action of Irish church leaders brought about the cease· fire which in mid-February was extended indefinitely. Father Bowman spoke in Cincinnati under the sponsorship of the Catholic Peace Fellowship' and of the Cincinnati archdiocesan Commission on Ecumenical and Interfaith Relations. At a press conference before his talk the Jesuit, whose most recent visits to Northern Ireland were in September and December of 1974, praised the work of Protestant clergymen who met recently at Feakle in County Clare and opened up communications between the British government and the political branch (Sinn Fein) of the militant Provisional w,ing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA). Father Bowman also referred to the joint campaign for peace heing conducted by Cardinal William Conway of Armagh and leaders of the Ohurch of Ireland (Anglican), Presbyterian and Methodist churches. . Pressure for a continuation of the cease-fire is coming from the ordinary people of Northern Ireland who, ,Father Bowman said, "have' gotten used to being able to go shopp.ing, go out to a movie or visit the local pub" without facing the danger of bombing.


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 6, 1975

Order Meets Local Needs Says Dominican Head OAKLAND (NC) - The 40 Dominican provinces throughout the world exemplify best "the character" of the order, Father Vincent de Couesnongle, master general, said in an exclusive interview here. Father de Couesnongle was visiting the Bay Area for the installation of Dominican Father Patrick LaBelle as president of Saint Albert's College. He said that the provinces "are more and more conscious of Dominican originality and authenticity in the world." The master general said that the major contribution these provinces make to the order and to the Church lies in their ability to adapt themselves to local conditions and local needs. "Dominicans look at the world in which they live and tie themselves to the leg of that particular world. This means that in one place, like in the United States, the Dominican life-the Dominican apostolate - will be somewhat different from, let"s say, in Vietnam or Latin America." he said. "Therefore, there is a certain variety, but the basic characteristic is that the Dominicans do try today to really respond to the needs of the local situations in which they live. Latin America "A very concrete example of that adaptation and that response to the world is Latin America, in which the Dominicans there are· much more conscious of the social questions of poverty, of social differences and divisions, and arc concerned how to get to the Gospel and to their apostolate with their preaching. Father de Couesnongle gave the United States as an example of changes in the order meant to meet local needs. "We, as an order, were always

pleased' with Brothers being always a minority and most of the time their work was really hard," he said. "The Brothers' work was mainly maintenance and COOking and things like that. Now, it became quite obvious here in the United States that because of certain cultural situations and cultural changes, and the emphasis on education, that a new kind of ,Brothers can work together with the priests. Consequently we do have now Brothers who work in education, in parish apostolates, and things like that. Courage for Future "So, this again is an example of how Dominicans in one particular country reflect a situation and try to bring new dimensions to the development of their apostolate. Of course, a change like that, has many implications, which came out at our last general chapter. People were asking questions, whether the order is or should be basically a clerical order, or whether there should 'be a change which would clearly combine both the Brothers and the clerics in a common. perspective that of friar preachers." The master ,general noted that soon after election to that office last summer, he wrote a letter to his fellow Dominicans which took the theme of "Courage for the Future." "By this I mean that although the order has many problems at the moment, it is not these problems that preoccupy us, but rather, what's the perspective, what's the future, what we can do now, and what type of projects do w'e have to have in the long run-all this rather than being concerned with too many serious things of the moment," he said.

Prelate Opposes Military Solution for Mideast CINCINNATI (NC) - "A military solution" to the problems of the Middle East "is unthinkable," the president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB), said here. "Given the strategic importance of the Middle East in the global picture, war would be disastrous not only for the region but for the world as well," said NCCB president, Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincinnati. In a talk to the University of Cincinnati Faculty Council on Jewish Affairs Feb. 26, Archbishop Bernardin recalled that the guidelines on Catholic-Jewish re-

This Lent,

Court Asked to Allow Services To Nonpublic School Children WASHINGTON (NC)-An attorney for parents of nonpublic school children told the U.S. Supreme Court that auxiliary services provided to such children under a Pennsylvania law are "secular, neutral, non-ideological" and can be provided without "excessive entanglement" of Church and state. The attorney, William B. Ball of Harrisburg, Pa., arguing on behalf of Jose and Enilda Diaz in the Meek v. Pittenger case, also said that the services, such as psychological counselling and speech therapy, were not part of the nonpublic school's ordinary curriculum. They were a supplemental benefit provided to all Pennsylvania children prior to the law's enactment, Ball said. Ball disagreed with Leo Pfeffer, the attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union, the Nationa,l Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Pennsylvania Jewish Com~ munity Relations Council, and Americans for Separation of Church and State, who contended that the U.S. Constitution requires that such children experience the "smallest inconvenience" of transportation to a , public scbool to receive such services.

Nearly Impossible The logistics of transportation, Ball said, would make it nearly impossible to provide such ser· vices to non public school children and would defeat the pC{)gram. At issue' in the case were two Pennsylvania laws passed in 1972. One, Act 194, provides that state employees - pschologists, counselors, speech therapistscan go into non public schools to provide a variety of auxiliary services of a secular nature. The other, Act 195, provides for the loan of state-approved secular textbooks and other instructional materials and equipment (such as maps, slides, physical education equipment and laboratory equipment) to nonpublic school students. Th,e decision in the present case could affect laws in 28 states which provide some form of aid to non public schools.

Brieg Retires CLEVELAND (NC) - Joseph A. Brieg has retired as fulltime associate editor· of the three northern Ohio "sister - newspapers" - the Cleveland Catholic Universe Bulletin, Toledo Catholic Chronicle and Youngstown Catholic Exponent.

lations by the Vatican in January has been criticized by some for omitting reference to the "religious significance" of the state of Israel. However, the archbishop observed, "the guidelines were not meant to be a theological treatise covering every aspect of the issues concerning Christians and Jews." Israel Place But he noted that the guidelines "do say that Christians need 'to learn by what essential traits the Jews define themselves in the light of their own religious experience.' This motivates

us to study and to sensitize ourselves to the place Israel plays in the Jewish self-definition .. ." "In order to promote dialogue," the archbishop suggested, "it is important to understand, as we begin to grapple with this question, that Christians and Jews will have a different view of the religious significance of Israel." "But what you do expect," he !laid, "and what we should give you, is a real understanding of and a genuine respect for your beliefs in this matter. Insensitivity on our part to your convictions would be inexcusable."

Give Love.

In this holy season of prayer and self-denial let your Lenten sacrifice bring the joy of Christ to the world's suffering poor.. Homeless and helpless, their need is not only for food, medicines, and shelter. They hunger also for the knowledge of the love and the Word of Our Lord. Let your greatest joy come from giving. On behalf of the mission-poor of the world we beseech you to give your love, give your prayers, and give your help.

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the Society for the Propagation of the Faith is the principal one among all Christian charities, for it represents the total Church in its work of extending the Kingdom of Christ on earth. Through your charity the Society suppo'rts more' than 187,000 missionaries and seminarians-providing love, faith and hope as well as food, medicines, education and shelter through orphanages, hospitals, schools, leprosaria and homes for the aged throughout the world.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 6, 1975

Anglioan Bishop Cancels Mas's

New Ecumenism

Credits Pope and Pr,esid,ent For Lati,n Amierica Unity ALBANY (NC) - A noted Argentinian evangelist, the Rev. Luis Palau, has indicated that the growth of ecumenical relations among Evangelicals and Catholics in Latin America is currently being accompanied by the moral and spiritual revival of the Spanish-speaking people. Described as the "Billy Graham of South America," Mr. Palau made his first guest appearance here to preach at several Christian churches. His lecture tour was sponsored by the Hudson-Mohawk Association of Evangelicals. In an intervievv with the Evangelist, Albany diocesan newspaper, Mr. Palau disclosed that prior to 1960 the religious climate in the Latin countries was affeCted by serious political confrontations which increased religious tensions because Catholics and Evangelicals were divided along party lines. This situation changed, he said, when ecumenism started to weaken the politico-religious barriers. The evangelist attributed the rise of ecumenism in South America to the pervasive influence of two men who were admired and respected by the Spanish-speaking people - Pope John XXIII and John F. Kennedy. "Pope John opened the door to ecumenism," he said, "when in· stead of referring to Evangelicals (in South America, Protestants are known as evangelicals) as heretics, he called them separated brethren." The change in terminology helped to effect a change in the religious climate, Mr. Palau said. He also,noted that when John F. Kennedy was elected President, Catholics and Evangelicals alike, who have always looked upon the United States as a "Protestant country," began to say 'Well, if the Protestants allow a Catholic to become President, then what are we so up-

Pope Urges Protection Of Migrant Workers VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope Paul VI has deplored the plight of migrant workers, noting 'that they are often deprived of decent housing and decent working conditions, of the full right to unionize and the right to a decent education. The Pope made the comments to participants in Italy's first national conference on emigration. He received them in the Vatican. Speaking broadly of migrants, Pope Paul said: "Too many problems still remain open regarding the protection of the migrants' human dignity, the need for more equality in conditions of work, housing, protection and job training, not to mention their legitimate hopes for the full enjoyment of civil rights, union rights and educational rights. . "There is still a long way to go before civil authorities and some sectors of society become conscious of such obligations toward this category of citizens ami workers."

tight about down here?" The rise of ecumenism also brought about other changes in the Latin American countr'ies, especially in regard to the Cath· olic Church's 'long-standing pro· hibition against its members purchasing and reading the Bible for fear that the uneducated masses would misinterpret it. Several years ago, the Church • lifted those restrictions. Mr. Palau disclosed that the Cardinal Juan Landazuri of Lima, Peru, recently sponsored the distribution of over one-half million copies of the New Testament to school children and military personnel there. Moreover, in Bolivia, he said, "The Living Bible" is going to be used as a textbook' in all government schools for the next three years.

So. African Bishops Protest Detentions PRETOR,IA (NC)-The Catholic bishops of southern Africa, in a unanimous statement, have protested the South African government's "excessive use of ban· ning, restriction and withdrawal of passports and residential permits." The bishops recognized "that countries may at times need security measures outside normal procedures" but insisted ·that the South African governmeritis going too far. Referring also to laws permitting indefinite detention incommunicado and without legal resource, the bishops said: "Countries with just laws, based on the consent of the citizens, do not need to use such means."

Thousands Will Fast For Poor of World ST. LOUIS (NC) - More than 5,600 persons here have pledged themselves to fast twice a week and ,give the savings to the needy. "Since its beginning on Ash Wednesday, we've had a very warm and generous response to the program," said Mrs. Rita Porter, coordinator for the archdiocesan Food for Life program. Food for Life is a joint undertaking of the Archdiocesan Human Rights Commission and the St. Vincent de Paul Society here. It 'asks that Catholics voluntarily fast two days a week, and that the money saved by not eating he given in special collections four times a year to relieve world hunger. Items of food that may be contributed will be distributed to needy people in this area by the St. Vincent de Paul Society. Most of those pledging themselves to the program were families. The majority of responses used a coupon published in an advertisement in the Feb. 7 issue of the St. Louis Review, archdiocesan Catholic weekly. Others used commitment forms that pastors put on Sunday parish bulletins.

Haste Hurry ruins saints as well as -Merton artists.

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FAMED SCULPTURE: Michelangelo's Pieta in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome was one of great works of art viewed by group from Fall River Diocese on its Holy Year Pilgrimage. Today is the 500th anniversary of Michelangelo's birth. NC Photo.

Eucharistic Congress

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Cardinal Krol Names 42 Leaders To Direct Meeting PHILADELPHIA (NC) - A panel of 42 Church, civic and business leaders was announced by Cardinal John Krol of Philadelphia to help direct the 41st /International Eucharistic Congress, to be held Aug. 1-8, 1976. The Philadelphia archdiocese will be host for the congress. Among those named to the board of governors, the policymaking body for the congress, are 11 U. S. bishops, a for-mer Philadelphia mayor, a judge and an insurance executive. Cardinal Krol is chairman of the board of governors; Auxiliary Bishop Martin N. Lohmuller of Philadelphia, executive vice chairman, and Father Walter J. Conway, of Philadelphia, executive secretary. A nationwide program of spiritual renewal involving special school programs, adult education programs and parish observances, is planned to help prepare for the Eucharistic Congress. Auxiliary Bishop Eugene Marino of Washington, D. C., one of the nation's three black bishops, heads the spiritual renewal program committee.

A theme for the congress is expected to be announced by Pope Paul VI within a few weeks. Both Religious and laity are now involved in planning events for the congress. Ten committees - on program, physical preparation and sites, liturgy, communications, finance, hospitality, transportation, services, participation of Christian churches, spiritual renewal and preparation-have' been named. Whether or not Pope Paul will attend is not expected to be known until about a month before t~e congress.

CAMBRIDGE (NC) - A plan to celebrate a Catholic high Mass in the Protestant University Church of St. Mary the Great" has been canceled by the local Anglican ordinary, Bishop Edward Roberts of Ely. The Mass had been planned for March 23 as part of a week end of Gregorian music involving all Christian churches in Britain. Auxiliary Bishop Alan Clark of Northampton, Catholic co-chairman of the international Catholic-Anglican commission on unity was to have been celebrant. Bishop Roberts is believed to have feared that controversy would arise. No Roman Catholic Mass is known to have been celebrated in the historical church since the Reformation. The church played a leading part in the Reformation disputations and several Protestant martyrs, among them Bishops Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley, preached there. More recently some leading Catholics, including Cardinal John Heenan of Westminster, have attended and preached at services in the church. Elsewhere in the Ely diocese the bishop allows Catholic Masses in his churches in several parishes whert there is no Catholic church.

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March Brings Snow, RainBut Also St. Patrick;s Day

THE ANCHORThurs., Mar. 6, 1975

Pope Stresses Joy ~of Penance

By Joseph and Marilyn Roderick For my birthday recently (we won't mention which year), my daughter gave me "The Gardener's Catalogue," published by William Morrow and Company. For the plant specialist, the book has its limitations because it is too general in scope, but the example, the Irish recipes publishers do not pretend to useFora great deal of sorrel, sloake offer a book for specialists. and sea kale, along with fish Rather it is meant to intro- that are not familiar to this duce readers to the broad field of gardening while at the same time including articles on everything from terrariums to old garden tools. Its greatest value lies in its list of sources for garden materials. In addition a number of plant societies are listed for the hobb:~jst who would lik,e to pursue his avocation in more detail. . The . "Gardener's Catalogue" has, however, a major failing in that it is of unmanageable size, measuring approximately 12 by 18 inches. This means that it must be read on a desk or table where it can be laid out rather than on one's lap. Flipping pages becomes a nuisance since one has constantly to refer to an index to find what one is interested in,and the index being rather limited in scope, a great deal of the time must be spent leafing through the catalogue in order to locate a particular subject or plant. At the price, however, it is well worth the purchase. In The Kitchen March is a very unusual month. In New England it brings gusty winds, raw wintery days and even an occasional snow storm, but it also brings a promise of spring and St. Patrick's day. When I was a child we always celebrated St. Patrick's day with corned beef and cabbage and much wearing of the green, even though my Dad was half French (so was St. Patrick). My Dad's Irish mother and my own Irish mother-Griffin and Flaherty-by name, saw to it that March 17 was celebrated in our house. I have always found the Irish a fascinating race, and I read everything that I can get my hands on concerning them. One aspect where I do find a void though is in their cooking. We have Italian, French, Greek and Spanish cookbooks, but where are the Irish? Anita O'Riordan, a lovely lady from the Isles who now lives in Vermont, once gave me two books on the secrets of Irish cooking, The Art of Irish Cooking by Monica Sheridan, published by the Irish Transport and General Workers' Union in Dublin. Both are well worth having if you're interested in this field of cookery. However, what I should like to see is a cookbook that adjusts their recipes to our ingredients. This would be a big help! Let's Go Dancing-Sat. Nlte

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area. Because of the large Por· tuguese population in this part of New England, ingredients for Portuguese recipes are imported. But the Irish are so far removed from the "old country" that most of their recipes are only cooked on Irish soil and there is very little demand for the ingredients here. Hopefully some day I'll get to visit Ireland (I'll probably have to wait until everyone is through college) and try Hiber· nian cooking for myself. Then and only then will I truly be able to judge good Irish cooking. This has to be one of the most discussed cakes I have ever printed. I have kept promising people I would print it again and what better time than St. Patrick's day, when a green· tinged cake is so appropriate. This version of the Pistachio Cake was sent to me by Mrs. Beatrice Rebello who is a member of St. Louis' Women's Guild in Fall River. Pistachio Pudding' Cake 1 pkg. white cake mix, 2 layer size 1 pkg. instant pistachio pudding mix 1 cup water ( another recipe substitutes soda water here) 4 eggs liz cup salad oil 1) Combine ingredients in a large mixing bowl. Blend at low speed of mixer just to moisten. Then beat 8 minutes at medium speed. 2) lightly grease and flour a lO-inch tube pan. 3) Pour in batter and bake at 375 for 50 to 60 minutes. Cool right side up for 15 minutes; then remove from pan. 4) This can be frosted with any type of frosting, but many people prefer whipped cream with pistachio pudding folded in. 0

MERIT FINALIST: Senior Mary Beth Champous of Bishop Stang High School in North Dartmouth has been notified that she is a National Merit Scholarship finalist, finishing in the top one-half of one per cent of all U.S. students.

Media Training Scholarships Available for Religious Com m unications Institute NEW YORK (NC)-The 96th· olic Communications Foundation (CCF) has announceq that applications for scholarships to the 7th annual Institute for Religious Communications (IRC) are now being accepted. The IRC is a radio, television, and film workshop for participants in all denominations of religious communication, teaching, preaching and public relations. This year's institute will be held June 8-28, 1975 at Loyola University, New Orleans, La. The scholarship includes tuition, registration fees, room and board and round-trip trans· portation. The IRC offers three weeks of total involvement in media training, theory and practice with professionals in the communica· tions industry. Practical work will be offered in the two color TV studios and seven radio stu·

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A clearer view of the sacrament was given last year with the publication of the Ordo Penitentiae by the Vatican Congregation for Divine Worship. The Pope said this document. updating the rite of Confession, was 'certainly among the most significant pieces of recent liturgical and pastoral legislation."

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The Pope traced the historical development of the sacrament of Penance and noted that the early Church was hindered in its understanding of the sacrament "by a too narrow and literal interpretation of it phrase in the Epistle to the Hebrews: 'if we sin willfully after having reo ceived the knowledge of the truth, there remains no longer a sacrifice for sins' (10,26)."

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VATICAN CITY (NC)-Popc Paul VI has called on Catholics to restore to the sacrament of Penance the "devotion, the grato itude and the joy it deserves. The Pope made the plea first in French in the Papal audience hall where about 5,000 foreign visitors were gathered. At noon that same Feb. 26 he repeated his plea in Italian to visitors in St. Peter's Basilica. The weekly general audience was held in two parts-to accommodate Holy Year pilgrims whose numbers have increased markedly in recent days. The Pope noted: "The con· cept, the esteem and the use of the sacrament of Penance have not always received from everyone the privileged consideration they deserve." He added: "Let us give to this sacrament or, if need be, restore to it the devotion, gratitude, and joy that it deserves from our faith and piety."

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8

Religion Proves To Be Durable Under Reds

THE ANCHORThurs., Mar. 6, 1975

Price-Fixers Do Public Penance For Bilking PHOENIX (NC) - A federal judge here has ordered officials of four large Arizona dairies to do "public penance" for price fixing by delivering milk f.ree to four charitable organizations,including the St. Vincent de Paul Charity Dining Room. U.S. District Judge Carl Muecke isued the order after five dairy officials and four dairy companies pleaded no con· test to charges that they con· spired to bilk consumers during a period from 1966 to 1974 by fixing prices for nearly all milk sold in Arizona at artificially high levels. The companies involved were Borden, Carnation, Foremost and the dairy division of Shamrock. hi 1973, milk sales by thz four totaled nearly $80 million, the government indictment said. The judge said he would delay sentencing until Sept. 15 and indicated that the five executives would be spared prison terms if they perform charity work between now and then. To Get Milk In addition to the St. Vincent de Paul Charity Dining Room, St. Mary's Food Bank, the Westside Food Bank, and the Salvation Army were also to receive milk and other food. Mueke said the amount of the donations will be equivalent to the fines he would otherwise have imposed on the companies. The fines would have totalled $175,000, he said. As the first delivery of 400 gallons of milk was made to the St. Vincent de Paul facility, Charles Green, manager of the dining room, said: "This. milk came at a very opportune time, because those large crowds of poor are expanding daily and this means that we need a small mountain of food and money with which to buy food." The dining room has been in operation for almost 23 years.

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ENDURING WORl{: Today, March 6, is the SOOth anniversary of the birth of Michelangelo Buonarroti, whose dome of 51. Peter's in Rome is shown in these exterior and interior views. NC Photo.

Urge President Drop Anti-Life Policies WASHINGTON (NC)-Leaders of the U. S. Coalition for Life urged in a visit to the White House that President Gerald Ford jettison what they called the anti-life programs and policies his government inherited in the Nixonian bureaucracy. In a meeting Jan. 23 with the President's special assistant for human resources, Dr. Theodore Marrs, the pro-life leaders concentrated their fire on tax-supported programs of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare {HEW) and the State Department's Agency for International Development (AID). Paul Haring, a Washington attorney on the board of the U. S. CoaUtion for Life, noted that the President send a message to the Congress in support of a human life amendment.

Mrs. Engel reported that Dr. Marrs repeatedly safd that Dr. Hellman and Dr. Ravenholt were only following their personal convictions, as were his visitors. Mrs. Engel said she replied that personal convictions were not the -issue, but rather the imposition of personal convictions upon public policy in defiance of the will of the Congress,' as expref>Sed in legislation. Mrs. Engel said Dr. Marrs seemed "miffed and flustered" by the views of his visitors. He stated that he was the father of a large family and had never in his medical career performed an abortion.

Vatican to Resume Cze~h Negotiations VATICAN CITY (NC)-Churchstate negotiations between the Vatican and the Czechoslovak government are to be resumed as a result of high-level talks in Prague between Archbishop Agostino Cesaroli, secretary of the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church, and Czechoslovak ministers. Archbishop Casaroli returned to the Vatican Feb: 26 after three days of talks in Prague, and told reporters that his meetings with the Czechoslovak ministers "were exceedingly positive." Vatican press spokesman Federico Alessandrini also announced that problems raised by Archbishop Casaroli"will be the object of further negotiations."

Mrs. Randy Engel, executive director of the U.S. CoaHtion for Life, noted that President Ford's Jan. 15 State of the Union mesExpects Criticism sage ignored critical issues of morality such as abortion and Of Administration concentrated on purely material VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope . affairs. Paul VI told scores of officials Haring, Mrs. Engel and Dr. of the Church's central administration that they should expect Herbert Ratner of Oak Park, Ill., criticism in the press and from editor of the quarterly review history, and that some of the Child and Family, criticized what "they called the pro-aborcriticism is well founded. During a special Mass in St. tion programs directed by HEW Peter's Basilica marking the Deputy Assistant for Population Holy Year pilgrimage of officials Affairs Louis Hellman. They also of the Church's central adminis- criticized similar programs protrative offices, known collective- moted by Dr. R. T. Ravenholt, ly as the Roman Curia, Pope director of AID's Office of Paul also spoke about the im- Population. portance of humility for those in high offices in the Church. The Pope said he and the Curia are "Heirs to a history which is. long and glorious, yet on many points worthy of cen27 Park Street, Att:eboro, Mass. sure." "He continued: "Imperfect and 278 Union Street, New Bedford, Mass. sinners as we are, we cannot FIRST FED·ERAl. SAVINGS possibly consider ourselves inAND LOAN ASSOCIATION vulnerable to objections and poREGULAR SAVINGS 514 % lemics in news stories and in 90 Day Notice Account 5%, % history." 1 yr. Certificates minimum $1,000 6'12% 2Y2 yr. Certificates minimum $5,000 6%% Begging .4 yr. Certificates minimum $5,000 714% The position of an empty hand We compute interest continuously-day of deposit is dangerous. to day of withdrawal .-JQhn of Salisbury

Dr. Ratner, who attended the United Nations-sponsored World Population Conference in Buchar.est, Rumania, last August, asserted that the U. S. delegation to the conference had been dominated by Drs. Hellman and Ravenholt. He described their participation as "disastrous" to the image of -the United States among the less-developed nations. Dr. Ratner, who until recently was director of public health in Oak Park, Ill:. asserted that when Dr. Hellman had been an advisor to the Food and Drug Administration he had "promoted harmful public health policies." He further asserted that the spread of the birth control pill and various intra-uterine devices to prevent pregnancy presented dangers to public health.

LONDON (NC) - The Times of London, in a survey of reHgion in the communist countries of Eastern Europe, has condudl'd: "Almost the only valid generalization is that religious practice and belief have proved remarkably durable." It observed no let-up in the basic ideological confrontation' hetween Marxist materialism and any theological system. It also pointed to a political confrontation where religious organiza. tions are viewed by Marxist regimes as rival centers of moral authority. "But the real issues now are the practical, political and moral ones of how to co-exist when neither system can eradicate the other in the foreseeable future." It noted that believers must still pay some penalty either in their own careers and in their children's education or through "the acute dilemma" growing out of collaboration with a state w}xlse pninciples and practices are contrary to their own conscientious convictions. It noted: "In many of the countries under discussion, church attendance is proportionately higher than in the west, and in the Soviet Union there are signs of an increase particularly among intellectuals."

Starvaton Imminent PHILADELPHIA (NC)-Within the next few weeks, as many as 2 million persons may die from starvation and malnutrition unless immediate aid is forthcoming, Cardinal John Krol of Philadelphia said here. At a symposium on Hunger and the Amer· ican Conscience held at St. Joseph's Col1ege, Cardinal Krol said a total of 813 million individuals now face famine and starvation in underdeveloped "nations throughout the world.

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Prelate Refuses Appeal Against 12.Year Term

lHE ANCHOR-

JERUSALEM (NC) - Archbishop Hilarion Capucci, sentenced to 12 years in prison for smuggling arms into Israel, has refused to appeal his sentence. He bases his refusal on grounds that the Israeli government has no jurisdictional right to govern Arab Jerusalem. Arcbbishop Capucci is patriarchal vicar in Jerusalem for Melkite-rite Catholics, who number about 40,000 in the Holy Land and about 4,500 in Jerusalem. He has asked to be put in an all-Arab prison, to wear prison· er's garb, and to be allowed to administer to his fellow prisoners as a chaplain. The archbishop's imprisonment i:, believed to pose a dilemma for the Israelis. If he is put into an ordinary prison with criminal prisoners and puts aside his clerical dress, they may be accused of unfrocking the archbishop. Such a process is reserved by law to Church authorities. On the other hand if he is put into an all-Arab prison which is essentially for political prisoners, they will be seen as admitting the political nature of the crimes he has becn convicted of.

VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope Paul VI met Feb. 26 with 30 Shinto priests from Japan, in wh·at the Vatican daily newspaper called "the first official contact, for practical purposes, which the Church has had with ~_:uch an authoritative group of Shinto representatives." Japanese government statistics .;ay that more than 70 million Japanese belong to the Shinto religion.

Thurs., Mar. 6, 1975

Pope Paul Meets Shinto Priests

Archbishop Lauded On Communications NEW YORK (NC) - Arch· bishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincinnati received a vote of "profound gratitude" here for his "outstanding episcopal leadership" in Church communications. In a resolution passed unanimously at a meeting of the the U.S. Catholic Conference Communication Committee of (USCC), the 46-year-old archbishop was cited for his leadership as a bishop "in the cause of improved communication within the Church and between the Church and the modern world." The archbishop has won "the cverlasting gratitude of the members of this committee, 'and indeed of all our associates who are called to the vocation of Church communication in the United States," the resolution said. Archbishop Bernardin served as chairman of the USCC Communication Committee from November, 1973 to November, 1974, when he was elected to a three-year term as president of the USCC and the National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB). Auxiliary Bishop Joseph R. Crowley of Fort WayneSouth Bend, Ind., was elected to succeed Archbishop Bernardin in his Communication Committee post at that time.

Starvation Hunger and suffering is the everyday lot of minions in the poorer nations around the globe. Now, with the world food crisis, the situation is even worse. Unless help comes immediately, 200,000 children will die of starvation ,in the next few months. You can help by contributing generously to the American Catholic Overseas Aid Appeal in your parish on Laetare Sunday, March 9th.

HOLY SPRING WATER: An old man in the doorway of a church in Zakorsk can't wait to drink water from a "holy spring" which attracts believers from its surrounding area. People from ritual areas in Russia were more likely to attend church than city dwellers, discovered Father Javier Solis, NC correspondent who visited the country.

Russia's Religious Art Carefully Kept But Teaching Religion Still Stifle,d By FR. JAVIER SOLIS (Father Javier Solis, NC News correspondent in San Jose, Costa Rica, is editor there of the ecumenical weekly Pueblo. He was invited to visit Russia for three weeks by Novosky, a Moscow-based association of journalists. His specific request to visit religious institutions freely was granted by 'Soviet authorities.)

ology of the Moscow patriarchate. I confess I could not tell if the weight of history lingering in the churches and cloisters overpowered the religious message of these monks and students. Seeing them within the context of a militant atheistic State and then subdued role it allows organizedreligion, my sensation in departing from Zagorsk was that the monastery and the academy Some 40 miles ,northeast of were part of the museum. Moscow is Zagorsk, a village Almost by mutual design, "behind the hills" as its name suggests in Russian. The heart however, Church and state in and glory of Zagorskv is St. Russia seem to hold on to reliSergei's Laura of the Trinity, an gion as a projection of the past. imposing complex of convents, For the state, merely because of churches with cupolas, stern the artistic value of its monufortresses and palaces with ma- ments. For the Orthodox people, because of the treasures of its jestic halls. , worship. Laura is the Orthodox Church In my visits to other churches name for a community of monks living around a church in sep- and religious monuments I saw arate quarters. This one was constant signs of the great care established by' Sergei Radonej- state and church officials take ski, a monk who became a leg- preserving these art treasures. end in the 12th century for his Church buildings are state proprole in the war of the Russians erty in today's Russia, but the Orthodox priests and monks against the Tzartars. Zagorsk's Laura exudes histo- benefit from their use, free of ry in every corner and every encumbrance or fee. If they allow the buildings and their conwall. tents to deteriorate, however, Since a decree by Lenin in .1920, it was confiscated by the then the occupants are bound to state and made into a museum. return them and vacate. But in preserving religious art But it is a living museum, for within it function an Orthodox and buildings, priests and monks monastery populated by active have unlimited help from state 1ll0nks, and the Academy of The- officials. One can see it in the

golden, refulgent cupolas of St. Sophie's cathedral in Kiev, in the icons or holy images at the church of the Dormition, or at St. Michael's church in the Kremlin. The "icon statues"--ornate altar shields used during part of the liturgy,-and other art treasures at St. Isaac Cathedral in Leningrad, along with thousands of icons, altars and church vestments, books and objects of worship are diligently kept in top condition by retouching, restoring and repairing them under the careful, exp'ert eye of curators. The state does not hide this interest in religious art. There are laws aimed at the preservation and conservation of these pieces. Catalogues and art books of magnificent appeal are being published regularly to spread apweciation for these works. There are large editions and many volumes, in Russian and English languages, showing churches, monasteries and even palaces holding religious art treasures, often reproduced in full color. According to my guides, these editions were quickly sold out. I was able to buy a few albums at the Berioshka, the shops that cater exclusively to tourists. One of these albums-"Early Russian Icon Paintings," by M.v. Alpatov, 1974-has this

introduction to a really magnificent collection Qf photographs and drawings: "There is no reason to doubt that there existed in ancient Russia a cult of icons as sacred objects. Nor is there any reason to deny that such attitude left its mark on icon painting. "However, it would be wrong to consider the Church's teachings on icons to be the key to understanding icon painting as an art. All icons were indeed objects of worship, but only thosc which proved to be at the same tfme works of art are of importance to art history~· Icons devoid. of artistic value may bc of interest to the historian of culture, but not to the historian of art." In a way, it is this'same artistic interest that the many tourists visiting Russia today seem to show when flocking to cburches and museums to admire religious paintings and other objects from the intricate yet serene Orthodox liturgy. They cannot take these icons with them, as they once could when collectors found religious art unguarded. Strict laws now place heavy punishment and fines on those trying to export art treasures from Russia. There are art galleries in Moscow, Leningrad and other cities, along with art museums. Their function has been to gather and save from looting by profiteers thz rich heritage of religious .faith in Russia. But in visiting Tretiakov gallery or the Hermitage Gallery in Leningrad, I had the same question as in visiting Zakorsk: How long will this testimony of Russian talent and Christian faith prevail as a school of religion in an otherwise atheist society? There is an opening to the West and its universal values. Orthodox theologians have begun to visit with Christ .n thinkers on the other side l the Soviet walls. The Russ•.tn people show signs of maturing in many areas, as is witnessed by their arts and letters and even their consumer habits. Yet persistent reports confirm a hardening of attitudes within the walls of the Kremlin and the inner circle of its rulers.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 6, 1975

The Parish Parade

Alice Cooperl Phenomenon Proves Effect of Violence

Publicity chairmen of Darish oraanizations are asked to submit news items for this column to The Anchor, P. O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722, Name of city or town should be included, as well as full dates of all activities. Please send news of future rather than past events.

I

"Alice Cooper" is the professional tag of a young man whose real name is Vincent Fumier. It is also the title of a rock and roll band which stars this young man. The band has been phenomenally successful, and its five members have become phenomenally rich in a very short time. As goes wild, stomping, screaming, cheering the violence on stage. the band's manager frankly Vicious fights break out among admits, success has been the spectators. Some faint and

achieved by exploiting what he calls "the three most commercial aspects of theater - sex, death and violence. An Alice

By

RT. REV. MSGR. JOHN S.

KENNEDY

Cooper performance features deafening noise, salacious lyrics, suggestive acts, simulated violence including even murder. Alice Cooper records sell in the millions, and Alice Cooper live performances draw capacity crowds to the biggest auditorium! in the country. Why? A young Chicago newspaperman, Bob Greene, toured with the band for a month at the end of 1973 and reports the experience in Billion Dollar Babyi(Atheneum, 122 S. 42nd St., New York, N. Y. 10017. 364 pages. Dlustrated. $10). His book is far from the pleasantest reading imaginable, but tells us something about American society just now. There is a strange appetite for the irrational fury which Alice Cooper serveS' up immoderately. The band's management capital,izes on negative publicity, indeed seeks to stir it up, the worse the better. Denunciation serves as invaluable advertising. It sells records and tickets. Before a performance begins, the audience, primed by the pub· licity, is already in a state bordering on frenzy. As a performance proceeds, the audience

Archbishop Named To Committee WASHINGTON (NC) - Archbishop Joseph Bernardin of Cincinnati, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bish· ops, will serve on a committee which will help draft a Bicentennial Declaration commemorating the Declaration of Independence. He is part of a 25-member advisory committee to the U. S, American Bicentennial Administration. The committee resolved to write the new declaration at a meeting here. "We need a rededication. We've come too far from the revolutionary spirit," said novelist James Michener, a committee member.

.

Money The love of evil is the root of all money. -Anon.

some are injured as a berserk stampede toward the stage oc· curs. Alice Cooper himself, the em· bodiment of depravity in performance, seems to be the most intelligent of the five young men in the band. Mildly drunk most of the time, according to the author, Cooper is a lonely bored figure, at least while on tour, who does not take himself seriously, despises and avoids his fans, is tired of his nasty role, and sometimes worries that people believe and admire it. All That Money ,But then there is all that money. And all that prefetential treatment. Cooper and the four others travel in a luxurious private plane and in limousines, have la,ckeys at their back to 'do every kind of service obsequiously, can indulge any whim. If one of them decides to wreck a whole floor of a motel, no one interferes and the group's manager pays for the damage as if it were room service. There was one particularly scary time on the tour, in Toledo. The Toledo audience was prepared to get into the act. They pelted the performers with dangerous missives, including lighted giant firecrackers. Their unfaked violence drove the performers from the stage and forced cancellation of the show. Although the band didn't appreciate it, here was the perfect response to their provocation. It was also the answer to those who maintain that a provocative performance has no bad effect.

Asks Priests Help Abolish Racism BARRINGTON (NC) - Bishop George H. Guilfoyle of Camden has called on the priests of his diocese, "individually and collectively," to help abol,ish "the evil of racism, inequity to minorities and the poor, and the injustice to <the homeless, the sick, the hungry and the needy of every kind." , Speaking here at a Mass honoring priests mari<'ing the silver jubilee of their ordination, the bishop cited some of the particular problems affecting religious vocations and called for strong support of the Holy Year theme of Renewal and Reconciliation. "Let us be reconciled to others," the bishop said, by witnessing the lordship of Jesus in preaching, teaching, worshipping, serving and in overcoming to the best of our ability, the prejudice, the discrimination, the racism, the hatred, the neglect of human needs that so horribly afflict humanity, not only in the poor nations of the world but here at home,"

ELECTION: Cesar Chavez has renewed his call for a secret representation election at the E. and J. Gallo wine company. NC Photo.

Parish Parade OUR LADY OF MT. CARMEL, NEW BEDFORD Boy Scouts of Troop 11 are sponsoring a Ham and Bean Supper on Saturday, March 15 from 5:30 to 7:30 P.M. ,in the Mt. Carmel School Basement. Admission is 99 cen ts and Scouts are selling tickets as well '8S €ommittee members Mrs. Elsie Silva of 217 Grinnell St., New Bedford and Mrs. Natalie Dias of 19 Doolittle Ave., No. Dartmouth. ST. WILLIAM, .FALL RIVER , An hour of recollection in the church at 8 P.M. Wednesday, March 12 will precede the regular meeting of the Women's Guild, to be held in the parish all-purpose room. Hostesses will be Mrs. Grace Bronhard and Mrs. Mary Batchelder. OUR' LADY OF PERPETUAL HELP, NEW BEDFORD Members of the Women's Guild will receive corporate Communion at 8:30 A.M. Mass Sunday, March 9. On Saturday, March 15 members will sponsor a spaghetti supper at '6 P.M. at the church hall, 235 N. Front St., followed by an auction at 7 o'clock. Mrs. Anna Galanek will be chairman, aided by Mrs. Jennie Tracz. Mrs. Irene Izdeb.ski will be autioneer and membersare requested to bring auction items as well as pastry. Plans are being made for the silver anniversary of the guild, to be celebrated with a dance and banquet the weekend of June 21 and 22. ST. ANNE, NEW BEDFORD An olid-fashioned ham and bean supper sponsored by the Scouting families of the parish will take place from 5 to 7 P.M. Saturday, March 15 in the school hall. Tickets will be available at the door, but will be sold in advance at a reduced rate. A cake sale will be held in conjunction with the supper.

ST. JOSEPH, ATTLEBORO Knights of the Altar will meet from 7 to 9 P.M. tonight in the school. The Junior Corps will meet at 7 P.M. Saturday, March 8 for a bowling evening, followed bya "sleepover" in the parish hall. An evening of recollection is planned for Women's Guild members at 7 Tuesday night, March 11 at La Salette Shrine. ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER The Women's Guild will sponsor a one-day trip to New York City Saturday, April 5. Tkkets will also be available for a Radio City Music Hall perforformance. Reservations may be made with Nell Gromada. ST. MARY, SOUTH DARTMOUTH Mrs. Edward Anuszczyk is general chairman of the Women's Guild 25th anniversary ball, to be held from 9 P.M. to 1 A.M. Saturday, April 5 at New Bedford Holiday Inn with proceeds to benefit the mammography unit of St. Luke's Hospital. Music will be by Charisma and dress will be semi-formal. Prizes to be awarded include a three· day trip to Montreal and a weekend for two at the Provincetown Inn. Ball tickets are available from Mrs. Raymond Robichaud and Mrs. John Saint, and raffle books from Mrs. William Theberge and Mrs. Richard Parsons. Rev. Peter Graziano, director of the Diocesan Department of Social Services, will speak at the unit's regular meeting at 8 P.M. Tuesday, March 11 in the parish center. His topic will be "Con· science." ST. MARY, NEW BEDFORD The Women's Guild will be host unit for a business meeting of the New Bedford District Council of Catholic Women to take place at 7:30 tonight in the parochial school hall. The unit's monthly meeting will be held at 8 P.M. Monday, March 10, also in the hall. Those attending are asked to bring a wrapped "surprise" for a Chinese auction. OUR LADY OF VICTORY, CENTERVILLE Husbands and other guests are invited to attend a covered dish supper at the Women's Guild meeting slated for 6:30 P.M. Monday, March 10 in the church hall. Those attending should bring their own place settings. Members are asked to bring a gift for a baby layette to this meeting. Items need not be wrapped.

ST. GEORGE, WESTPORT The parish will sponsor a Las Vegas Night at 8 P.M. Friday and Saturday nights, March 21 and 22 at· the school hall, Route 177, Westport. Admission will include refreshments. ' Planned for April is a "Sew into Spring" fashion show scheduled for Friday night, April 11 in the hall. Parishioners willing \0 model fashions made by themselves may contact Evonne lavoie, telephone 636-8053. Tickets are available for tables of 10 for a Cabaret Night to be held Friday and Saturday, May 9 and 10 at Bishop Stang Auditorium, North Dartmouth. A cocktail hour will take place from 7 to 8 P.M. both nights and the show will begin immediately thereafter. In charge of tickets are Joseph Foran, telephone 678·8219 and Joseph Mendes, 992-7307. Junior and senior choirs of the parish will present a Biblical musical, "It's Cool in the Furnace," for the benefit of Bishop Gerrard High School at the school's auditorium at 7:30 P.M. Sunday, March 9. Tickets are available at the Fall River school or from choristers. OUR LADY OF MT. CARMEL; SEEKONK In place of their regular meeting, members of the Women's Guild will visit La Salette Shrine, Attleboro, for an evening of recollection Wednesday, March 12. A Mass will be followed by discussions led by members of the La Salette community. Guild members will leave the church parking lot at 7 P.M. and other women of the parish wishing to attend may contact any member for further information. Refreshments will be served. SANTO CHIUSTO, FALL RIVER New ofifcers of the Council of Catholic Women include Mrs. Helen L. Oliveira, president; Mrs. Ida Cabral. vice-president; Mrs. Lorraine Lima, treasurer; Miss Patricia Oliveira, secretary. Mrs. Palmira Aguiar is publicity chairman. They, together with committee chairmen, were installed at ceremonies presided over by Mrs. Alice Correia, president of the D'emocratic Women's Club and a past president of St. Elizabeth's Council of Catholic Women. The council's next meeting will take place Tupesday, March 11. ST. MARK, ATTLEBORD FALLS The only fundraising activity of the Women's Guild for the year, a bridge and whist party, will take place Friday, March 14 in the church hall and will be open to the public. Miriam Duffany and Dorothy Allen are co-chairwomen.

Hope of Hungry The many faces of hope turn to you for help. Their anguished pleas echo from every corner of the world. We can't ignore them. Support Catholic Relief Services in their world-wide programs to assist the hungry poor. Bring your tax-deductible donation for the American Catholic Overseas Aid Appeal to any Catholic church or mail it to ACOAA, 1011 First Avenue, New York, N. Y. 10022.

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DAVID J. RUMNEY Treasurer

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Romantic Radicals Insist On Having Their Day The "Hartford Theses" mark the end of romantic radicalism in American Protestantism. Characteristically, just as our separated brothers abandon it, we Catholics embrace it with unqualified enthusiasm. Still second best. And still, like Avis, trying harder. The group that Peter Berger. and they are dominating the Year of Reconciliation in many parts of Richard Neuhaus convened the Church. Reconciliation to in Hartford has broken def- them means not buying gas from initely with all the mush that slopped around in the 1960ssecular Christianity, political esch3tology, pop psychology.

Iy REV. ANDREW M. GREELEY They have also rejected the principled anti-intellectualism which spread from these movements and infected the charismatics and the new fundamentalists. Religion is important, says the Hartford gang, and so are ideas. The impact of the "Theses" on American Protestants is already very great. They have been looking for a long time for a way to get out of the swamp. Swamp Catholics are now blithely headr.lg into that swamp. A very 'distinguished historian remarked to me apropos of the phony "hearings" staged by the Center of Concern and the NCCB in Washington recently, "Those people still think we're living in the 1960s." On to the quicksand, fellows and girls! And how strategically placed was the quicksand! The Third World spokespeople, whose plane fares to the "hearings" were paid for by the NCCB, got top billing. By the time the "commissions" got around to the people from the neighborhoods, including real blacks, Latinos, and American Indians (most of whom are ethnics and neighborhood people like the rest of us), there wasn't any time left to listen to them. Sorry about that, Geno, the Center for Concern people came first. If there's any time left we'll listen to the representatives of the ordinary Catholics who are picking up the tab for this freak show. Dominating The romantic radicals have not only captured the bicentennial,

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 6, 1975

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11

Bar Czech Nuns From Nursing VATICAN CITY (NC)-Catholic nuns in Czechoslovakia may no longer attend classes at or receive diplomas from state schools of nursing, according to Vatican Radio. Quoting news agencies, Vatican Radio broadcast that the

new regulations barred the Sis-' ters from ever becoming nurses. Vatican Radio said these new -rules, issued by the Secretariat for Religious Affairs of the Czechoslovak Ministry of Culture, affected two religious orders, the Sisters of Charity of

Exxon because it is "multi-national." How do we know what a "multi-national" is? Why we read about it is the "New Yorker." Where else do you find out about the complexities of international economics? Reconciliation means hating America, loving socialism and abasing yourself before the incompetence of the Third World, including, I presume, that quintessential Third World leader, General Amin. (Come to think of it, I wonder if the romantic radicals have ever heard of General Amin.) Reconciliation means attacking, denouncing, demanding, screeching, confessing, confronting. It means setting yourself up in prophetic judgment on your fellow citizens without the credentials of either sound theol· ogy or informed economics. It's what you feel that counts. In the immortal words of Sheridan Whiteside, "I may vomit."

St. Vincent de Paul and the Sisters of Charity of" St. Charles Borromeo, Prague. The secretariat's decision, said Vatican Radio, was based on accusations that the nuns were involved in political activities.

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A major achievement in the wild·eyed, messianic variety of romantic radicalism was Sister Neale's plea at the Washington hearings for an American "theology of relinquishment" to match the Third World's "theology of liberation." For sheer incompetence in both theology and economics, this notion sets a standard which will be unsurpassed for a long time. There is one point of similarity between the two "theologies"liberation and relinquishmentalthough I doubt that the good sister would like it. According to the reports I get, almost no one in Latin America takes lib· eration theology seriously. The Latins are astonished that we listen to it. No one here will take a theology of relinquishment seriously either. But that doesn't stop the NCCB from' spending money to give people a platform from which to spout such drivel.

Worry

Once again. my friends, into the mush. And never mind if we turn off our people and blow what little credibility we still have. If we keep trying we may still catch up to our betters.

The crosses which we make for ourselves by overanxiety as to the future are not Heaven-sent crosses. -Fenelon

And in the middle of the swamp there is a sign that says, "Hartford: 1,000 miles." The sign points in the direction from which we came.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fqll River-Thurs. ...Mar. 6, 1975

Favors Following Seniority System for Job Layoffs It is tragically true that black workers are usually the last to be hired even in good times and the first to be fired or laid off in bad times. To some extent, there i~ a casual relationship between these two factors, especially in industries or plants which are operating under a union contract. worker with greater seniorityonly another white? In other words, the reason or This is not a rhetorical questhat black and other minori- tion. In some industries (the ties are the first to be let go in a time of recession is that white male workers have greater seniority under their collective

By

MSGR. GEORGE G. HIGGINS

auto industry, for example) there are thousands of female, black, and other, minority workers with 15 years seniority or more. Does Mr. Rowan believe that "sexual, racial and ethnic justice" should take precedence over the seniority of these, veteran members of the UAF, or would he put them in a separ,ate category and bump only those senior UAW members who happen to be white, male Caucasians? Oversimplifies Issue

bargaining contracts and, for better or for worse, union seniority prevails in the case of layoffs. But should it prevail? Many observers think not. Carl Rowa.n, the nation's most widely syndicated black columnist and former Director of the United States Information Agency, is a case in point. In a recent column, Rowan pointed out that there is a built-in conflict of interest between the male white worker who "under circumstances of brutal discrimination" was hired 15 years 'ago and the black or other minority worker who was hired six months ago under pressure from the federal Equal Employment Opportunities Commission. If the white worker is told

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that, despite his seniority, he is being laid off because his employer, under the law, cannot fire the recently hired minority worker. He is naturally going to be angry. But if the black or other minority worker - who might never had been hired if the federal government hadn't forced the issue-is told that he is being laid off first because of lower seniority, he too is going to be angry. Mr. Rowan asks himself and his readers: "How does a decent society J;econcile these different views of fairness and justice? I know which way wisdom lies. It is to give sexual, racial and ethnic justice precedence over selJiority. That is the only way to break a circle that is not only vicious but destructive of every thing the nation stands for." This answer does credit to Mr. Rowan's innate sense of justice and fairness. It is simple-I almost said simplistic-answer to a complicated problem, but I wonder if Rowan fully thought it through in terms of all its logical conclusions. Does that mean that union security provision should be completely ignored in all casesor only in some? Does he mean .thatall newly-hired minority workers should be given preference or precedence - or only some of them? More specifically, does he think that a newly hired black worker should be permitted to bump anoth~r black

I have raised these questions

(and could raise many more) not for polemical purposes, but simply to suggest. that, in my opinion, Mr. Rowan has vastly oversimplified the 'seniority issue. He is correct in saying that union seniority provisions create a real problem when they conflict with the rights of minority PATRIARCH CONGRATULATED: Msgr. John G. Nolan, president of the Pontifical workers who have been grossly Mission for Palestine, congratulates the new Maronite Patriach Antoine Pierre Khoraiche discriminated against for generations both in terms of hiring (left) of Antioch at Bkerke, Lebanon. At right is Constantin Vlachapoulos, area director of and firing. But it is easier to the Pontifical Mission. Msgr. Nolan, recently returned from a working visit to the Midraise this problem-and easier east, told NC News that the Mis'sions is "there to serve people regardless of who they are to wax rhetorical about it-than -Moslems, Jews, or Christians." NC News. . it is to solve it. To 'abolish the seniority system, far from solving the problem, would only make matters worse and over the long haul would be a great disservice to minority workers themselves. If Mr. Rowan were to say, in . ST. LOUIS (NC) - Groups of awaiting the outcome of the can be- no religious instruction response, that by the same t.axpayers in St. Louis City and suits. in public scbools, Muller said. token it is easier for me to County and in Kansas City, Mo., The St. Louis branches of Cit- The courts "have ruled out question his solution to the se- are awaiting the outcome of theistically oriented (God-orientniority problem than it is to suits they have filed to protest izens for Educational Freedom ed) religious education." (CEF), a non-sectarian group adcome up with an alternative the allotment of part of their But the plaintiffs contend, he vocating parental freedom of solution of my own, I would real estate taxes to the public, choice in education, and Parents continued, that "education canhave to agree. I don't know the schools. Rights., Inc., have encouraged k- not take place without value answer. With apologies to Mr. James P. ,Finnegan, Jr., attor- parents of nonpublic school chil- orientation." Their argument Rowan, I honestly don't know goes on to note that "the Suprotest suits. ney for the taxpayers in the St. dren to "which way wisdom lies." I am preme Court has moved toward the Louis area, said he expects Muller, the Kansas City attorinclined to think, however, county circuit judge to rule ney, said there are several suits defining religion as no more that in the absence of full em~ than a philosophy of life, or conployment, there isn't any way "perhaps in a month" on mo- pending in various county cir- viction, firmly held." that "a decent society" Coan re- tions to dismiss filed on behalf cuit courts in the area. He exof the defendants, the County pects a decision "within six solve the problem to everyone's and City Collectors of Revenue. months," he said. satisfaction; The current cases, he said, difFinnegan said he expects the 'Shor-t of full employment, we may have to experiment with judge to uphold the taxpayers' fer from a 1973 case in which Aluminum or Steel affirmative action programs of . claim that they have a cause to the Missouri Supreme Court 944 County Street one type or another. I 'am in sue. The plaintiffs are claiming ruled that taxpayers who send NEW BEDFORD, MASS. favor of doing so as one way that the public schools are their children to nonpublic 99~路~618 of preventing future discrimina- teaching religion, and that schools have no con'stitutional tion, but I am afraid that abol- taxes are being used, therefore, right to be exempt from paying ishing the seniority system as a for the establishment of a reli- taxes to support public schools. means of correcting past dis- gion, he said. Value Decision They are contending that it is crimination would do considerMuller said the argument the ably more harm than good and impossible to exclude religious plaintiffs are making in tbe curis not the way that "wisdom beliefs entirely from teaching, lies." and that. consequently, religion rent cases begins by saying that "the decision to send children 漏 1975 by NC News Service is taught in public schools. . to a private school is a value Some, but not all of the plain- decision, one of conscience tiffs are parents of children at- bound up with religious beliefs," Jesuit Records tending nonpublic schools, Fin- a decision made because "someTUCSON (NC) - The Arizona negan said, and they are proBoard of Regents approved an testing, not the entire tax pay- thing contr.ary to the beliefs of 102 Shawomet Avenueagreement whereby the Univer- ment, but only that portion used the parents is being taught in Somerset, Mass. the public schools." sity of Arizona here will house for the public schools. a collection of Jesuit historical Being financially compelled to Tel. 674-4881 Held in Escrow documents on the Southwest to send their children to public 3Vz room Apartment Since 1971, when the first tax schools is "contrary to the free be shipped here from the Vati4Vz room Apartment can. This agreement will bring protest suit was filed, more than exercise of religion," Muller about 640,000 pages of South- $1 million in school taxes have said. Includes heat, hot water, stove, rewestern history to the Arizona been held in escrow in Missouri U.S. courts, including the ~rigerator and maintenance service. by county revenue collectors Supreme Court, have said there State Museum by this summer.

Citizens Protest School Tax Allocations Say Religion "Taught in Public Schools

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall'River-Thurs. Mar. 6, 1975

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KNOW YOUR FAITH

II The Eucharist as Covenant of Love Covenant means commitment. To enter a covenant means to give oneself completely to another, to trust and to entrust oneself wholly to the other. Covenants are made by people in love when they pledge or vow "to have and to hold" each other until death does them part. Covenants are made by intimate friends who swear to be true to each other for life.

By

REV. PAUL F. PALMER, S.J.

To make a covenant involves risk, the risk of rejection and even betrayal. A covenant is an act of faith in God and in another person. A covenant demands something of the heroic, something that transcends the sheerly hum路an. For this reason covenants are sacred having God as witness 路and guarantor. One further point-and this brings us to the Eucharist as the sign or sacrament of the New Covenant between God 'and man in Christ-to be effective, the covenant surrender or giving of self must be ratified or sealed by some external action or ritual.

II

The covenant agreement of By REV. A. P. HENNESSEY, C.P. mind and heart and will between St. Ignatius of Antioch died bride and groom is sealed in the sometime around 110 A.D. If flesh, the ultimate and irrevocable expression of their union we did not know that he wrote as persons. Covenants between seven authentic epistles, we friends can be ratified by a ges- might be tempted to think of ture as simple as a handshake, him as a fictional character. A or sealed by a ceremony as dra- kind of Christian Everyman. But matic as the interflow and min- he is wonderfully real. He sometimes signed his letgling of blood from opened ters with a pet nickname. He wrists. called himself Theophorus which New Covenant means a God-bearer. It could In the Sinai desert God's cov- also mean "one who has been enant of love and fidelity with carried by God." So a legend was Israel was sealed in the blood built around St. Ignatius. He was of animals. Half of the blood was close enough to the time of sprinkled over the altar which . Christ for the legend to say that represented Yahweh and half he was the child whom Jesus was sprinkled over the people. picked up and set in the midst This symbolic action signified a of His apostles when He wanted kinship relation between God to teach them the spirit of His and His chosen people. Yahweh kingdom (Mark 9:35). is not simply Lord and Israel serIt makes little difference vant. God is Father and Israel whether the legend be true or son. In the daring language of not. One thing we are certain of: the Prophets, Yahweh is hus- Ignatius of Antioch knew the band and Israel His chosen bride. spirit of Christ's kingdom. He Vatican II tells us that the knew the meaning of a Christian Eucharist "renews the covenant community. He expected an enbetween the Lord and man, and counter with Christ's cross. And draws the faithful into the com- he could never forget the part pelling love of Christ and sets played by the Holy Eucharist in them afire" ("Constitution on the making a community of love. Liturgy No. 10). We rarely think Here is one of his memorable of the Eucharist in terms of the sayings: "Come together in comNew Covenant sealed in the sac- mon, one and all without exrificial blood of the Lord. Let ception in charity, in one faith us do so now. Hopefully, such re- and in one Jesus Christ . . . so flection will ignite a spark that that with undivided mind you Turn to Page Fourteen may obey the bishop and the priests, and break one Bread which is the medicine of immorality and the antidote against death, enabling us to live forever in Jesus Christ" (To the and everyone who believes in Ephesians. 20) Him, joining together to do the Baptismal Vocation Will of God. As Christians, our privilege of So how can I "receive" that Body and enjoy the spiritual coming together to "break one growth that it can give if I do Bread" comes to us from our not even know the other parts baptismal vocation. St. Paul tells of the Body? When I have no us that by our Baptism we have real intention to try to get to been identified with the death know them or let them know and the resurrection of Christ so that we might die to our sel路 me? fishness and then rise again to Love of God AND Neighbor We usually receive Com- walk ina new way of life (Romunion with a community of mans 6:3-5). This new way of people (our fellow parishioners). life is the way of Jesus who died When I receive Christ, I am say- and rose again to compact us ing, "I want to join You. I want together into a community of to be an active member of Chris- love. In that community, by ditianity. I joined Your group vine design, all the members when I received the sacrament would be able to become mysof Baptism, but by receiving teriously one Body in Christ; Your Body and Blood, I am bet- there they would be filled with ter able to follow the rules You His Spirit as they partook of one set for me-rules that I must Bread; and then they would conobey if I am to call myself Chris- tinue His work of redeeming mankind until the world would tian." And what are those rules? Je- be made holy and whole again. The Holy Eucharist is the persus summarized them again and again: "Love God; love your fect fulfillment of this life of neighbor as yourself." He did Jesus which was begun in us by not say, "Love God INSTEAD of our .baptismal vocation. This life your neighbor." He made it clear first comes to us by the power that loving God and loving oth- of our Lord's saving Passion. St. ers were all parts of the same Thomas Aquinas says very beaulove, and that we could not do tifully: "The Eucharist is the perfeet' sacrament of the Lord's Pasone without the other. In Jesus' day, some people sion because it contains the wanted to receive Him without very Christ Himself who sufdoing much about their neigh- fered" (S.T. III q. 73, a.5 ad 2). bors. But He said, "No way." And likewise it perfects our own He told them. "First make things union wi~h Jesus who suffered because what the Sacred Pas路 Turn to Page Fourteen

Climbing the Ladder of Love By URBAN STEINMETZ

I wonder how' many Catholics who receive the Eucharist appreciate its full meaning and carry it with them into the world. I make this observation because I wonder how many times I have received the Body of Christ with little appreciation and how often I have failed to bring Him outside with me. I know I have walked to the altar, head bowed, and felt temporarily holy thousands of times. But there is so much more to the Eucharist than that. We have called it Communion for a very special reason. Communion with God is the top of the ladder of Love. Most of us want to go to the top and stay there. At first glance, perhaps that doesn't seem so hard. The first step of physically receiving the Eucharist and feeling spiritually uplifted for a short time is easy. Often in those moments I have felt warm and good and close to God-until I've thought about those other "steps" on love's ladder. Those brothers behind me in the pews. That brother in front of me who is offerring me the host. Most of these brothers I don't even know. Communion is a joining together in the Body of Christ. But, as we learned in our catechism, that Body is a lot more than a little round piece of bread. The "Body" of Christ is Jesus,

The Eucharist and a Community of Love

II

PROMOTIONAL UNITY: St. Ignatius of Antioch said, "Come together in common ... so that with undivided mind you may obey the bishop and the priests, and break one Bread which is the medicine of immortality and the antidote against death ..." Bishop Raymond Hunthausen is joined by two priests and a deacon in concelebrating Mass in Helena, Mont. NC Photo. sion did for the world at large, this Eucharist does for the individual man or woman who believes in the promises of Jesus (S.T. III q. 79, a.l,c).

fered, we are also committed to the same kind of loving that He manifested on the cross.

Promotes Unity

Now look again at St. Ignatius of Antioch if we want to see what the Eucharist can do for us. He was so fired hy the Spirit of Jesus that he wrote like a man driven mad by his love of the cross. He yearned to lay down his life for Jesus ~nd for the Christian community.

If the Eucharist unites us perfectly with a Christ who has suffered, it enables' us to promote and achieve Christian unity with the rest of mankind. Jesus came to remove barriers to unity. Barriers like sin, selfishness, factionalism, prejudice, and all the ugly offspring of human meanness. It is not surprising that He did His work 'by.letting Himself be nailed to a cross. The very dimensions of the cross remind us that they are a sign of His enduring and all-embracing love.

This is the Jesus with whom we identify ourselves when we receive the Body of Christ. Rightly, we call this experience Holy Communion. Our reception of this sacrament is not meant to end in a personal conversation with our Lord. It calls us to plunge into the same world and into the same work which stirred the human heart of Jesus. It is designed to make us share His eagerness to heal and to save the members of His own Body. This asks us to embrace people all over the world in our love. So if we are perfected in our union with Christ who has suf-

Forms Christian Community

While on his way to the Flavian amphitheater at Rome where he would die for his faith, he wrote to the Christians there: Turn to Page Fourteen

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 6, 1975

Ladder of Love

Religious List Areas

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Continued from Page One current $750 personal exemption, benefiting families of four making up to $25,000 a year; and ,subsistence allowance to poor families of $3,600 a year for a family of four with no othe~ income. Network will also study a full employment bill introduced by Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D· Minn.- and Rep. Augustus Hawkins (D-Calif.) Their bill would have the federal government guarantee equal opportunity and jobs for all adult Americans. The bill would set up local planning councils to help develop jobs, a U. S. Full Employment Service and Job Guarantee Office and a Standby Job Corps. Foreign policy: Network will support reduced military spending; an end to funding of the war in Southeast Asia; progreso sively cutting off aid to repressive governments; insuring that economic assistance is Rot used for military purposes and reform of the CIA and its covert operations.

Decries Canadian Abortion Views

....

OITAWA (NG) - The Canadian Medical Association (CMA) -has come under fire for a "head in the sand' and if-it-movesshoot-it approach to fetal life. In a report analyzing the Canadian Medical Association's position paper on fetal life, the Catholic Hospital Association of Canada (CHAC) likened the doctor who ignores the nature of the fetus. yet destroys it, to the hunter "who shoots at every moving object, not caring to ascertain beforehand whether it is human or not." The Canadian Medical Association presented its policies, positions and proposals on abortion in the September issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal. The CHAC observed that the CMA has not yet announced its position on the question: When, -if not at conception, does the fetus become a human being, and consequently when does abortion become infanticide? "Perhaps, this is understandable," noted the CHAC, "for the question is more philosophi· cal than medical. However, the medical profession cannot bury its collective head in the sand on this matter, for the nature of fetal life is the central issue of the whole abortion question." The CHAC drew a comparison with a doctor who wished to perform an autopsy. "A doctor wishing to do an autopsy must make certain that human life is absent. If there is any question about it, the burden of proof lies with him to show that life has ceased. "This ought to hold also at the beginning of human life. Because an abortion is always lethal to the fetus, a doctor who plans to perform one should have to give evidence to society that this is not a human person. In actual fact, however, doctors who do abortions---'and the Canadian Medical Association prefer to ignore the whole question."

Criminal justice: Network activity will focus on changing certain provisions of the new Federal Criminal Code. The cur· rent bilI, authored by Sen. John McClellan (D-Ark.), includes penalties that are too harsh-including the death penalty-and "a bias against decisions for parole or probation," Network said.

Health Care Cuts Hit by Bishops WASHINGTON (NC) - The U.S. Catholic Conference's Committee on Health Affairs has told President Gerald Ford in a letter tbat proposed cutbacks in health care programs already budgeted are "unacceptable to us." "We do not feel that cutbacks on funds at this time will help achieve the goal of improving the health care delivery system," Bishop Maurke Dingman of Des Moines Iowa,committee chairman, 'wrote. "Therefore, the Committee on Health Affairs urges you -to continue to support full and adequate funding for health programs." Approved funds which Presi· dent Ford wants to eliminate are: -$370 million in Hill-Burton hospital construction funds. -$351.2 milIionin research funds for cancer, heart, lung, child health and other areas. $23 million in funds for the maternal and child health programs, an increase only recently signed into law.

Court Overturns Abortion on Demand KARLSRUHE (NC) - West Germany's supreme constitutional court, declaring that the constitution guarantees everybody's right to life, and physical inviolability, overturned a law authorizing abortion on demand within the first three months of pregnancy. The law, which would also have allowed abortion during the second and third trimester of pregnancy provided a commission including two phy· sicians approved, had been signed into law June 5. However it was never operative because a federal injunction was immediately placed upon it. A crowd of ,about 1,000 women marched silently through the streets of Karlsruhe Feb. 25 when the constitutional court was- publishing its judgment. Press leaks had made the results of the court's deliberations known almost a month earlier.

American Bishop In Tanzania Resigns VATICAN CITY (NC)-Pope Paul V'I accepted on Feb. 25 the resignation for health reasons of American-born Bishop Edward Aloysius McGurkin from the Diocese of Shinvanga, Tanzania. ,Bishop McGurkin, a Maryknoller who was born in Hartford, Conn., will be, suceaeded by Msgr. Castor Sekwa, native to the Shinvanga diocese and currently'rector of the regional seminary of Kipalapala.

COVENANT OF LOVE: To "break bread" with another is the ultimate sign of friendship, so much so that the wo~d compassion is derived from the Latin word for bread, pams, and the word for together, cum. A priest breaks br~ad of the Sacred Host as he celebrates Mass in Geneva, SWitzerland.

The Eucharist as Covenant of, Love Continued from Page Thirteen will set our hearts "afire" when we participate fully in the Eu· charist. Intimate Union Today the Eucharist or Lord's Su-per is ,looked upon by many Christians as a sacred meal, a memorial of the Last Supper. The Eucharist is that. But it is so much more. We fix our attention on the words of institution: "Take and eat. Th'is is my BOdy." We are inattentive to the words: "which is being given up for you." We do not always recall that the Body which is given TO us 'to eat is the Body of the risen Lord given FOR us in sacrifice. We hear the words: "Take and drink. This is the cup of my blood, but we fail to appreciate the words which follow: "the blood of the new and everlasting covenant which is being shed for you and for all men." At the Last Supper the disciples could not miss the significance of these added words. Irresistibly there came to mind the old covenant of Sinai sealed in blood that was sprinkled on the people. But now they heard Jesus saying ,in effect: -"To he sprinkled with my blood is not enough. My love d~mands a more intimate union. 'Eat my body, and drink of my blood,''' . To eat together, to drink together has been called the last sacrament of nature. To "break bread" with another is the ultimate sign of friendship, so much so that the word companion is derived from the Latin word for bread, "panis," and the word for together, "cum." Motivation of Eucharist Among ancient peoples the greatest sin was a sin against a covenant, against a friend with whom you had broken bread. In this context Psalm 41:9, when applied ,to Christ, takes on poignant significance: "Even my bosom friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me. We as Christians are table

companions of the Lord. With us Jesus shares the bread of His body and the cup of His blood. "The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not a sharing in the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not a sharing in the body of Christ?" But Paul goes a step further. We are companions of the Lord. Jesus no longer calls us servants but friends (cf. In. 15:15). But we are also companions of one anotber, of those who share our Eucharist. "Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of the one bread" (1 Cor. 10:16,17). There was a day when Christians reflected on their Eucharist in terms of covenant. The Fathers of Vatican II are hopeful that similar reflection will draw the faithful into the compelling love of Christ and set them afu-e. In the early days of the Church the pagan world exclaimed in amazement: "See how Christians love one another!" -But they did not know the mystery of the Christian Eucharist which motivated Christians to be a witness to the pagan world. In this holy year of reconciliation, renewal and evangelizat10n, prayerful -reflection on the Eucharist as the sign of our covenant commitment in love to Christ and to one another will prove the most effective of all witness. "By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another" (In. 13:35).

Faith "It is indeed strange that the

Eucharist, which constitutes in the Christian mystery that which defies reason the most, helps me to believe, simplifies for me faith in the God who is reduced to the proportions of the most insignif.icant man and the poorest woman, to the degree of giving Himself to them as food if they want Him." -Mauriac

Continued from Page Thirteen right with your brother. Then you can follow Me." At no time did Jesus say, "Being a Christian is simple, Charlie. Just come to the altar, sing nice songs in praise of God, receive this little host. Those actions alone will make everything beautiful." Instead, He said repeatedly, "Being a member of My Body is tough. You have to come to grips with those strange and complicated beings called people. You have to learn to love them." Over and over He spelled out the nuts and bolts of that tough loving: "Repent," He said, "make things right between you," He gave us specific directions: "If you have problems with a friend, go back to him, and go back again, and if he still won't listen to you, take another friend along," That's loving the hard way. 'There is no other manner in which I can join the Body of Christ while I hate the man next door. No way I can say, "Hey, Jesus," I'm one of Your Body now" while I refuse to work at reconciliation between man and man. Tough loving. _We can't be members of the Body of Christ unless we work at blocking out our hate and building love for our fellow man. We have to be willing to meet our neighbor, and get to know him, and care enough about him to put up with his abuse, and argue with him, and forgive him, and keep on forgiving him. We have to keep our invitation open. No it is not easy. But when you and I finally make brothers of those people around us, we find that loving is less difficult. It is much more pleasant to be a real working part of the Body of Cbrist than it is to face the world alone.

The Eucharist Continued from Page Thirteen "I am God's wheat. I must be ground by the teeth of wild beasts that I may end as the pure bread of Christ" (To the Romans 4). And lest they try to rescue him he added: "Allow me to recei~e the pure light. When I reach it, I shall be fully a man. Allow me to be a follower of the Passion of my God" (Idem. 6). In a less dramatic way, all of us must follow Christ in the same spirit. Just as wheat must be ground before 'it can become bread, so all of us must let our self-centeredness he ground down before we can become single,minded enough to be the pure Bread of Life which feeds mankind. It is the vivifying and transforming power of Christ's flesh in the Eucharist which breaks down our egotism, heals our selfishness, fills us with nourishment, and finally makes us one Christian community of love.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese o(Fall River-Thurs. Mar. 6, 1975

Congressman Drinan Op'poses Ford on Imported Oil Tariff WASHINGTON (NC) -Jesuit Father Robert Drinan is suing President Gerald Ford over his imposition of a $3 a barrel license fee charge on imported oil. Rep. Drinan (D.-Mass.) said the "license fee" is actually a tariff, or tax, and that Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution gives only the Congress the power to "lay and collect taxes, duties, imports and excises." The congressman will be joined in the suit by several New England utilities companies. Father Drinan said New England is 75 per cent dependent on foreign oil and that the $3 a barrel charge would makc New England "a disaster area." Unemployment in Massachul>ctts, he said, is already at a record nine per cent, and most industries in New England have already cut fuel consumption by 20 to 35 per cent. They cannot afford further cuts, he said, and the higher prices caused by the new fee would drive many industries out of New England or shut them down. ·Father Drinan said New England would pay $2.18 billion of the $30 billion the President said his new energy proposals would cost the country. A spokesman for Father Drinan said other areas of the country-particularly California, Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota-would be hurt almost as badly as New England by the new fees. The President based his impo-

sition of the $3 a barrel fecto be imposed in stages beginning Feb. I-on the 1963 Trade Expansion Act which gives the President the power to "adjust the imports" of articles such as oil. Lacks Power "While the President might have the power to restrict imports," Father Drinan said, "he does not have the power to impose such a heavy tariff, whether that tariff is called a 'tariff' or 'license' as the President prefers to call it," Father Drinan has also cosponsored a bill which would demand congressional approval of any oil tariff or quota imposed by the President after Jan. H, 1975. The President announced his actions on Jan. 15. A similar resolution has been introduced in the Senate, and a Father Drinan aide said it was expected that the congressional action might be more successful than the court challenge. Observers note that the $3 a barrel fee is essential' to the President's energy proposals because. by raising prices, it puts -added pressure on Congress to approve the rest of the President's proposals for the economy and the energy crisis. The Administration has denied claims that its $30 billion a year energy taxes will take mote out of the economy than tax reh1~e5 and reductions will put back in.

Fink Asks Postage Aid Restoration WASHINGTON (NC)-In separate actions, Catholic Press Association (CPA) president John Fink has called on President Gerald Ford to restore to the budget funds approved for aiding publications sent by second' class mail in order to cope with increased postage costs. He testified before a House subcommittee, advocating more such aid. Fink is also executive vice president of Our Sunday Vis.itor, national Catholic weekly published at Huntington, Ind. Fink said in a letter to CPA members that the President's budget message had recommended against funding a subsidy to public second-class mail - users for the 1975 and 1976 fiscal years. This means, Fink said, that the Administration will not support a law passed last year extending from five to 16 years the phasing-in period for higher postal costs. Tightened Belts "If nothing is done about this," Fink said, "it means much higher postal rates in the future. Not only will rates go back to the original schedule, but even higher rates will probably be ,an-

Last Sullivan WATERLOO (NC) - Mrs. Genevieve Sullivan Davidson, 57, the last surviving member of the Sullivan famiJy that lost its five sons in World War II, ,has died here of cancer. Her five brothers died in November, 1942 when their ship, the USS Juneau, was sunk by the Japanese in the South Paci~ic. She later enlisted in the Navy WAVES and served 21 months before her discharge in 1944.

nounced" because of the current deficit and wage adjustments within the Postal Service. "Our belts are already tightened," Fink said. "We cannot estimate how many religious publications will cease to exist if second-class mailers are forced to pay their own way, but we sincerely believe that it is in the public interest to continue a basic second-class nonprofit subsidy so that such publications as ours can continue to have an impact on the moral fibre of this country," ·Fink told NC News there was more sympathy in Congress toward a subsidy of nonprofit second-class mail publications than for a subsidy to for-profit publications.

Augustinian Named To usee Post

WASHINGTON (NC)-Augus· tinian Father Patrick O'Neill, director of campus ministry for the Diocese of. Orlando, Fla., has been named representative for campus and young adult ministry in the U. S. CathoHc Conference (USCC) Department of Education. Bishop James S. Rausch, USCC general secretary, announced the appointment. Father O'Neill, 35, has served --in the Orlando diocese since 1969. He has been national president of the Clltholie Campus Ministry Association for the past three years. ' As head of the campus ministry section of" the USCC, Father O'Neill succeeds Maryknoll Father Laurence T. Murphy, who is now teaching at Seton Hall University in New Jersey.

1S

GIFT FOR THE POPE: Bicycle champion Eddy Merckx presents a bicycle to Pope Paul VI during their meeting at the Vatican where the Pope had blessed riders in the Tour of Sardinia race which started in Rome. NC Photo. .

Pope Receives,' Pra'ises Tibetan Leader VATICAN CITY (NC)--'Pope Paul VI has received in private audience a leader of Tibetan Buddhism, and praised him and those like him who keep and foster "spiritual as well as moral values of humanity. Lama Gyalwa Karmapa, who saw the Pope Jan. 17 along with five of his followers, heads one of the four main groups of Tibetan Buddhists. The Buddhist leader now is a refugee from the communist regime in Tibet and lives in Sikkim, a small neighboring country. The Pope told the Lama: "We are friends of all men of good will, especially those who, like you, have conserved and promoted spiritual as well as moral values of humanity," Admiration Speaking in English, the Pope added: The Second Vatican Council has expressed sincere admiration for Buddhism in its various forms, and for its contribution to the spiritual elevation of man. We have founded a secretariat to promote relationships and dialogue with nonChristian religions. "We are very happy that in all parts of the world our sons and

Conciseness I have made this letter longer than usual because I lack the time to make it shorter. -Pascal

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daughters of the Catholic Chur<:h are more and more open to friendly collaboration with them, for the promotion of peace and of spiritual and moral values among all mankind. "Every moral and religious progress is a contribution to peace." The Pope concluded: "All" of us are pilgrims to the Absolute and the Eternal, who alone can fulfill the heart of man. May our meeting today be an auspice of peace for your country." Pope Paul addressed the Buddhist leader as "Your HQliness," Exchange of Gifts The Pope has previously used

that title when speaking to the head of another religious faith, as in an auqience in 1973 with Patriarch Shenouda III of the Coptic Orthodox Church. The Pope and Lama Gyalwa Karmapa exchanged gifts which included books, medallions and a statue of Buddha. After the audience the _Buddhist leader, dressed in a sleeveless gOld-and-maroon robe, was given a tour of St. Peter's Basilica by Cardinal Sergio Pignedoli, president of the Vatican's secretariat for Non-Christians. Lama Gyalwa Karmapa, a robust man with close-cropped black hair, was a guest of Cardinal Pignedoli's secretariat.

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