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VOL. 31, NO.8.

Friday, February 20, 1987

Southeastern Massachusetts' Largest Weekly


$8 Per Year

"Homelessness continues Americans out in the cold WASHINGTON (NC) - Homelessness is in as a congressional agenda item these days because so many Americans are out - out freezing in the gutters, out of shelter, out of hope. Estimates of the numbers of homeless range vastly - from 600,000 to 6 million - with Los Angeles claiming some 31,000 alone, according to a 1984 federal study. Mayors describe cities filled with more homeless: families, the unemployed, workers who can't afford housing, the mentally ill turned prematurely out'of treatment centers (if they ever got treatment at all) - in short, more need for shelter everywhere. Atlanta Mayor Andrew Young learned the extent of the problem firsthand when he spent 36 hours, in February cold, disguised as a homeless man. "I passed some of my good friends," YoUl"!g reported later. "I asked one of them for a quarter for a cup of coffee. I knocked on his car window as he was leaving the church - and he didn't even want to look at me." Churches plead that they cannot handle the influx of homeless beseiging church shelters, rectories and other possible refuges.

Now, the House and Senate both seem inclined to" support stronger efforts to solve the national crisis posed by lack of shelter. This interest, however, comes after years of federal budget cuts and even housing boondoggles perpetrated with the blessings of Congress. Father J. Bryan Hehir, U.S. Catholic Conference secretary for social development and world peace, noted to a Senate subcommittee Jan. 29 that Congress in" 1980 appropriated $30.8 billion of President Jimmy Carter's $33.5 billion fiscal 1981 budget request for housing programs. For fiscal 1987, it appropriated only $7.8 billion, which was nonetheless an increase over the $2.3 billion that President Reagan said would be enough. "That is a 75 percent reduction in housing aid," Father Hehir said. Meanwhile, developers of a luxury-class apartment complex in Chicago got Congress to change the rules so a low-interest federal mortgage would be obtainable and to waive a law requiring them to provide low-income units with the more lucrative apartments for the affluent. According to one report, the developers won at least $67

million worth of local and national government favors. All ofthat notwithstanding, this year Congress speedily passed and sent to Reagan legislation to transfer $50 million of federal funds from one budget category to another to provide emergency shelter relief this winter. "There is no doubt tha!_this money is urgently needed, especially in light of the severe winter," Sen. Alan Dixon, D-Ill., said after the bill's passage. "At the same time, we need to put a structure into place which will bring some continuity to the programs which serve the homeless." He introduced an Emergency Housing Act of 1987, to provide $120 million for fiscal 1988 housing and shelter programs, including new efforts to provide transitional living arrangements for the homeless and efforts to help them live on their own in the future. Under his bill, further federal funds would be available as well if states or localjurisdictions provide matching allocations. The House was drafting its own proposals, too. Turn to Page Six

•• ,S J. R',"' ),.. th ., Immy~_·\yan:.,lvlng ~!_ e f iree I-., Ile St D omll\ll'C •.




By Joseph Motta

"I love antiques and old furniture and things, and 1love learning Jimmy Ryan is a normal 19year-old guy. He likes to read, the languages of different countravel and work with wood, and he tries. I'm studying Spanish now hopes to meet the girl of his dreams. and in my free time I'm trying to But Jimmy faces far greater chal- learn Russian, because I think it's lenges than most of his contem- a very interesting language. Jimmy's faith in God and the poraries. He is blind, deaf and church are outstanding. unable to speak. "I have faith in God," he signed, A member ofSt. Dominic's parish, Swansea, he attends Perkins "because he has given me a free life School for the Blind in Water- on this earth. "I know that when I finish my town. On weekends, he is at home with his parents, James and Bar- work here I'm going to heaven, and then I know I'm going to be bara Ryan. The young man communicates home." Jimmy attends Mass with his through finger spelling, a type of sign language utilized by deaf- mother as interpreter, occasionblind persons. He and his mother, ally goes to social events sponwho served as translator, met with sored by the Diocesan Apostolate The Anchor to discuss his story for Persons with Disabilities, and enjoys reading the Bible at home. and courageous faith. What about his faith is most Jimmy is two years away from his Perkins School graduation. His important to the young man? . "Prayer to God," Jimmy says. best subjects are history, particularly study of medieval Europe, "You can have an intimate, personal relationship with God." and reading. Barbara Ryan, a registered nurse "I've decided that when I finish at Perkins School I'd like to get a at St. Anne's Hospital, Fall River, job, save money and plan for my said that before her son lost his sight at age 8 from retina probfuture," Jimmy signed. "I like to work with my hands. lems, he had undergone eye operaMaybe I'll help to build boats. I tions. UN 0 matter what happens, Jesus work with wood at home, where I have a small shop and some tools. will be with you," she remembers

telling Jimmy before one surgery. Now she smiles as she remembers what the boy's anesthetist told her later. He had never, he said, worked with a patient so much at peace. "God's wisdom, love and power can be seen through my words and actions," Jimmy signed. "The worst

blindness is to be blind in the spirit and in the heart." Jimmy's friends include Father Joseph Viveiros, director of the disabilities apostolate. "He's helped me a lot," Jimmy said of the priest. "He's helped me learn a lot about God and Jesus,

and he helped me with my first communion and confirmation. "I'd say he was a special friend, and Sister Kathy [Sister Kathleen Murphy, OP, formerly a disabilities apostolate staffer, now a student] is, too." Turn to Page Six

MOlta photo

JIMMY and Barbara. Ryan communicate while Father Joseph Viveiros looks on. ~;





The Anchor Friday, Feb. 20, 1987

Medicaid cap is opposed

CRS names Haiti head NEW YORK (NC) - Catholic Relief Services has appointed Jack Hogan, former assistant director of the grants office at the National Endowment for the Humanities, as director of its Haiti office. A former Peace Corps worker in Africa and South America, Hogan has taught theol~gy at Loyola College in Baltimore and holds a doctorate from The Catholic University of America. Appointed to his new post in Febraury, he was spending a few days in orientation at CRS headquarters in New York before taking up his duties as director of one ofCRS's largest and most troubled programs in Latin America. Last May three Haitians, two then-current CRS staffers and the other a resigned staffer, released an open letter to Haitian Planning Minister Jacques Vilgrain charging then-Haiti director John M. Klink with "autocratic comportment" and the whole program with "anarchy." Klink then fired the two still on the staff. Terence Martin, CRS Latin America director, said that in Haiti's time of revoluntionary transformation people were "testing the new situation." He said it was natural for the CRS staffto share that attitude but that the three staffers went too far. Peter Shiras, Martin's deputy for Central America, and the Caribbean who visited Haiti Jan. 18-25, said that although political turmoil continues, reports of a Haiti "bordering on chaos" are unfounded. "What concerns me more," he said, "is a certain lack of institutional forces on the political level that can step in and fill a political vacuum that exists in the country."

"Mission"nominated for seven Oscars BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. (NC) - "The Mission," a film about 18th-century Jesuit missionaries in South America, has been nominated for best picture of 1986 and for six other Oscars in the 59th 'Academy Awards race. The Warner Brothers movie, produced by Fernando Ghia and David Puttnam and directed by Roland Joffe, stars Jeremy Irons and Robert De Niro as Jesuits ordered by the Vatican to abandon their Indian mission when its 'lands are taken over by Portugal. After the Jesuits on the mission refuse to leave, they are killed in a battle betwe~n the Indians and Portuguese troops. , In addition to being nominated for best film, the movie also was nominated for Oscars in art direction, cinematography, costume design, directing, film editing and : original score. Only the movies "Platoon" and "Room With A View," with eight nominations each, are up for more 'awards. " Jesuit Father Daniel Berrigan, the antiwar activist who· had a 'small part in the film and was a consultant for it, later said the film , was accurate despite putting 150 years of history into two hours. . "It's fiction based on fact," Father Berrigan said.


Hoye raps condom ads on TV

WASHINGTON(Nq-Advertis- ual activity, with its 'consequent ment proposals to encourage the ing condoms on TV is "shortsight- social ills, is related to the ease of use of condoms to prevent the ed, self-defeating" and a "false obtaining contraceptives," he said. spread of AIDS, acquired immune Condom ads won't decrease such deficiency syndrome. solution to a serious moral probactivity, he said. Rather, "it is' lem," says the U.S. bihop's general Because AIDS is spread primarsecretary. more iikely t6 confirm people and ily through semen or blood, propparticularly teenagers in the view osals to control its spread have Taunton native Msgr. Daniel F. that such activity is to be taken for included the distribution of conHoye, general secretary ofthe U.S. granted." Catholic Conference, scored the doms to high-risk groups, includMsgr. Hoye noted that TV re- ing homosexuals. ads in a strongly worded statement spects "legitimate concerns" of segwhich praised the television netInstead of using the crisis for "a ments of the viewing audience by serious examination of the ~tate to works for "their refusal to bow to refusing ads for liquor and cig- which a self-proclaimed culture the pressure to accept such advertisarettes and should refuse condom has reduced human sexuality," the ing." ads for the same reason. In recent weeks, some local TV paper said, people try to preserve stations, but no networks, have their "alleged liberty" by "distriUnder questioning by the House agreed to carry ads for condoms panel Feb. 10, Koop said that buting prophylactics freely." despite TV's longstanding refusal One needs only "good'common because of AIDS, for which there to broadcast a,ds for contracepis no krlown cure, advertising con- moral sense to understand the suptives. Areas where condom ads doms "is necessary" and "would erficiality and absurdity of such a have appeared include San Franhave a positive public health value." remedy," it said. ciso, Detroit, Cleveland and "If, as it seems, the spread ofthe Network executives from ABC, Indianapolis. CBS and NBC argued that the ads disease is connected to a particular Msgr. Hoye issued his statement were too controversiaL NBC' vice behavior," the editorial added, the the day after Surgeon General C. president Ralph Daniels said the only "reasonable" decision "is to Everett Koop told a House health ,ads "are offensive" to some view- act in a way that that behavior subcommittee and media execuers "on moral or religious grounds." does not continue and is not tives that concern for prevention spread." Oth~rs, he said, believe such advertisof AIDS, acquired immune defiThe editorial said the church ing "inherently delivers a message ciency syndrome, "overwhelms teachings on sexuality - which of sexual permissiveness which they other considerations" in the debate sanction sexual intercourse only withfind objectionable." on whether to run the ads on Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Cali(., in marriage - are not based on the television. chairman of the House subcom- health benefits but on "obedience Msgr. Hoye said airing the ads mittee, called the networks hypo- to the laws of God." Nor will the gives "implicit encouragement of crites for refusing the ads while church cease its teachings "when [the) permissive and immoral beairing sexually suggestive programs - as everyone of us hopes - the spread of (AIDS) is ended," the havior" inherent in such ads and and commercials. editorial said. "will do inore harm than good." Vatican Comment The editorial followed a Feb. 6 The USCC has been and still is "unalterably opposed" to TV co'nCommenting on an allied issue, announcement by Vatican Radio traceptive ads, said Msgr. Hoye, a recent front-page editorial in the , thai the Swiss bishops' conference calling t~e condom ads "a gross . Vatican newspaper, l'Osservatore had criticized that country's antiviolation" of parents' rights to Romano, said that efforts to stop AIDS campaign for being "insufguide their children's moral and the spread of AIDS through'free ficient and ambiguous." The information campaign social development. distribution of condoms are superThe general secretary commend- ficial and contradict common moral which encourages the use of condoms --.:. is "legitimate and necessense. ed the stated purpose behind the The editorial defended Catholic , sary," the bishops' statement said, push for condom ads, to stem the teachings on sexuality and denied but by encouraging activity "that spread of AIDS, but said the idea the Church wants to "profit" from does not conform to human digwas "simplistic" and "could have the AI DS crisis by "reimposing its nity," the campaign may be a far-reaching negative effects." danger to the faithful. taboos." He voiced particular concern The bi!ihops of Germany, Scotfor the effect of 'condom ads on The editorial appeared at a time land, Ireland and England also youth. "It is demonstrably true when several European bishops' that the increase in premature sex- conferences have challenged govern- have criticized their governments' AIDS campaigns in recent months.

WASHINGTON (NC) - Officials of three national Catholic organizations have denounced the Reagan administration's proposal to cap federal Medicaid spendiQg for health care services to the poor. "In a society in which 36 million people have no guaranteed access to adequate health care services; cutting federal support for Medicaid represents an unacceptable threat not only to the quality of life 'of many poor Americans, but to life itself," the officials said in a letter to members of the House and Senate budget committees, the Senate Finance Committee, and the House Energy and Commerce Committee. Released Feb. 13, the letter was signed by Msgr. Daniel F. Hoye, general secretary of the U.S. Catholic Conference; Father Thomas J. Harvey, executive dir'ector of Catholic Charities USA; and John E. Curley Jr., president of the Catholic Health Association. The letter said a 1988 budget proposal by the Reagan administration would reduce the federal share of Medicaid costs by more than $18 billion over the next five years. Since 1981 when federal support for Medicaid was reduced, the church officials said, "there has been a resulting serious erosion in eligibility and services'for the poor." The church officials say they "share the ,belief, that access to health care services is a basic human right and that government, as an instrument of public policy, has the ultimate responsibility for guaranteeing that right." They applauded Congress' successful attempts to oppose capping Medicaid spending in 1986 and asked legislators to continue resisting reductions.

Go.Iden jubilarian served in dioc·ese Sister Ursula Hamel, RJM, who served in the Fall River diocese in the course of her teaching career, marked her 50th anniversary of re.ligi'ous profession at ceremonies earlier this month at Our Lady of Lourdes Mission Center, Providence. ' The holder of bachelor and master's degrees in education from Fordham University, the Religious of Jesus and Mary taught on the elementary and high school levels in the New York and Washington archdioceses and the dioceses of Providence, EI Paso, Birmingham and Rochester, N.Y. in the United States; and the archdiocese of Ottawa and the diocese of Gravelbourg in Canada. She is now a volunteer remedial reading teacher in St. Teresa's School, Providence.

One Man "One man, Adam,! brought death to many through his/sin. But one man, Jesus Christ~ brought forgiveness to many through God's mercy." - Rom. 5:15



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Father William J. McMahon Msgr. Luiz J. Mendonca, vicar general, was principal celebrant of ' the Mass Qf Christian Burial celebrated Tuesday at St. Joseph's Church, Taunton, for Father William J. McMahon, 75, who died Feb. II at his retirement home in St. Petersburg, Fla., where he lived with a cousin. Father McMahon, a Taunton native, was the son of the late James J. and Rose Anna McMahon. Following studies at Providence College and St. Michael's College, he entered St. Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, and was ordained to the priesthood May 18, 1940, by Bishop James E. Cassidy. He served for 25 years as parochial vicar at St. Kilian's Church, New Bedford, and concurrently for 17 years as director of Cathedral Camp, East Freetown, and Our Lady of Good Counsel Retreat League. The retreat program used the camp facilitites in the spring and fall, offering weekend and midweek retreats for priests, students and members of parish and diocesan organizations. At various times Father McMahon was moderator of the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women, president of the National Catholic Camping Assn. and assistant in charge of special affairs for the youth department of the



The, "honeymoon" between American Catholics and "the secu~ larculture to which they have surrendered" might have gone on if it had not been for the anti-abortion fight, he said. "We desperately wanted to be accepted. But we were still Catholics, not barbarians. We draw the

Fri.; Feb. 20, 1987


Vatican Labor Department?

FATHER McMAHON former National Catholic Welfare Conference, now the U.S. Catholic Conference, In 1965 he was named administrator and then pastor of St. Joan of Arc parish, Orleans, where he served until retirement in 1980.

In retirement, Father McMahon remained active, celebrating Mass regularly at the Cathedral of St. Jude the AposiJe, near his home. He frequently returned to Cape Cod in the summer months. He is survived by several cousins.

Are American Catholics selling out? CONVENT STATION, N.J. (NC) - U.S. Catholics are selling out their rich Christian heritage for a piece ofthe American dream, a speaker told a recent conference on faith and culture. Michael Schwartz, former director of public affairs for the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights, was keynote speaker at the conference in Convent Station sponsored by the Pallottine, Institute for Lay Leadership and Apostolate Research. , The approximately 100 participants studied the impact of Catholicism on American~culture, but Schwartz, now on the staff of the Free Congress Research and Education Foundation in Washington, chose to look at American culture's impact on Catholicism. Schwartz said Catholicism is in a position~ to fill the void in a contemporary America "in search of its soul, in search of a reason to live." "But at ,the very time ihis opportunity presents itself, Catholicism in America suffers an identity crisis of its own," he said. "The newcomers whose missi~n was to tninsf~rm this nation had themselves been transfo'rmed,~'he said. "The manifold attractions-~f America as it was. -.. seduced most Catholics away" from evangelizing during the 19th century.

Diocese of Fall River -

line at murdering the young." Schwartz said the right-to-life movement could have been a vehicle to convert America to a culture infused with Catholicism. "If Americans could be convinced that respect for life was a great first principle of social existence, they would be ready to listen to everything else the church teaches about social justice." But, he said, the movement has become split, ,a problem that is remedial and not as painful as "the general loss of identity and directionamong American Ca'tholics." He added, "It is not, I am saying, the church which must change to accommodate to the things of

the world, but the' world-which must be transformed, folded ~nder , the mantle of the bride of Christ. But I fear that American Cathol, ics, at least in the present, lack either the understanding or the will to attempt this conversion." Another speaker, Ed Marciniak, a board member and secretary of the National Center of the Laity in Chicago, urged Catholic laity to seek their vocation in the world and not by doing "churchy"things. To ask whether there is a Catholic work ethic is to ask a ,theological'question, he said. And it is an ungodly mistake, he con~ tinued, for rank-and-file Christians to rely on a theologian'or a bishop to furnish them with their work ethic. "God encounters each man and woman individually to seek a personal response," he said. A work ethic is a set of values "giving meaning to our daily work; establishing our priorities; ordering our hopes and desires; justifying deferred expectations and helping with the world's sin and suffering, pain and sorrow," he said. In the church today, according to Marciniak, a misshapen theology governs so much of the spirituality and piety of Catholic Americans. "Faith and work are disconnected, so is Sunday worship and weekday activity. There is little understanding that the church gathered on Sunday is the church scattered on Monday." As a result, he said, the vocation of occupation or profession is devalued.

VATICAN CITY (NC) - The Vatican is studying a plan to create a permanent department to handle labor matters and a tribunal for employees' grievances. Both bodies, if approved, could have a major impact on how Vatican labor disputes are handled. At the same time, the Vatican and the 1,700-member Association of Vatican Lay Employees agreed on a IO-level wage scale, ending a dispute that lasted several years and twice brought lay workers to the brink of a strike. Both sides praised the agreement and said they were optimistic about the future of labor relations at the Vatican. Employees' association President Mariano Cerullo said the Vatican showed an "outstanding sense of justice" and maintained an "atmosphere of objectivity" throughout the final negotiations on the wage reforms, which lasted seven months. Bishop Giovanni Marra, who with others represented the Holy See throughout much of the negotiations, said that the agreement was a "common effort carried out well." Bishop Marra confirmed that the Vatican was studying the creation of a "central labor office" whose duties could include future wage negotiations. Such a body has long been requested by the lay employees' group. "It would be an important organization, not just 'be to answer complaints. but to promote sound work policies and study the problems ofthe workplace." said Bishop Marra. who left his Vatican post earlier this year to become an auxiliary bishop in the Rome vicariate. According to the lay employees' association. the plan for the new labor office was drawn up by three experts. including an employees' representative. It is currently being studied by the Secretariat of State. the association said. Bishop Marra confirmed that a tribunal for employees' grievances was also being studied by the Vati-

can. According to Cerullo, the tribunal would be a "last resort" for unsettled complaints. No such body currently exists at the Vatican. The final approval of the restructured pay scale was expressed in a Nov. IS letter from Vatican Secretary of State Cardinal Agos-' tino Casaroli. according to documentation provided by the association. The decision to make wage scales uniform throughout all Vatican departments, along with pay raises ranging from 4 to 25 percent, was taken last April. The workers' association. however, at that time said the Vatican action was "unilateral" and was taken without workers' approval. Afterward, both sides negotiated the assignment of-employees to the 10 wage scales. a process that dragged on for months after"many difficulties" were encountered. according to Cerullo., He added that the delay was probably a good thing because it allowed "defects" in the plan to come to light.

No Separation "I am' sure that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor might, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord." - Rom. 8:39


94 S/41J1u. Flowers & Country Gifts Tues. - Fri. • 12:30 - ~:30 Sat. 10-5 28 Wood St. • Fall River (off Stafford Rd, - 2nd left after cemetery)


Fall River Chair-Car Service, Inc. 1680 North Main Street Fall River, MA 02720 ,Roland G. Bileau; Pres, '

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physician's Offices Clinics ' Dialysis Centers Radiation Centers Prosthesis Centers Physical Therapy Centers

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Hospitals Nursing Homes Airports Private Functions Weddings High Rise Apartments

675-1956 Medicaid and Comm'ission for the Blind approved. 24 Hour advance notice for scheduling required,


THEJ\NCRQR - Dioces,e Qf.Fall River -:- Fri., Feb. 20, 1987 .

the moorin9..-, Community Support of Education Even the New York Times couldn't ignore this story. Catholic schools do a better all-around job of educating students than public or other private schools. In a study to be published in book forin this month, James 's. Coleman, a noted schools analyst, argues quite strongly for the benefits of .Catholic versus non-Catholic schools. .The study presents major findings that cannot be ignored or merely swept aside by those multitudinous forces eager to see Catholic schools closed. They include the American Civil Liberties Union and the American Federation of Teachers. Catholic school students achieve higher scores in verbal and mathematical skills than do their public school counterparts. And it would be well for our . liberal friends to note that Catholic schools are of the greatest benefit to poor, black and Hispanic students and to those from "deficient families," defined by researchers as si~gle-parent and two-workingparents families. In addition, Catholic school graduates were found more likely to remain in the first college in which they enrolled after high school. The Coleman study researchers also found that despite their higher academic' demands, Catholic schools showed much lower dropout rates for students between their sophomore and senior years than for their public school counterparts. The dropout rate for minority students and those from deficient homes was also significantly lower. These facts and statistics flow from important sociological findings which should not be ignored. These findings point to the reasons why Catholic schools, despite tremendous roadblocks placed by the secular state, are succeeding in a time when many had hoped they would no longer be in existence. Catholic schools are not agents of the state or society. They are agents of an active community of which the family is an integral part. . Net UPI photo Indeed, the religiously-based school is today in a far better APPROACHES MIAMI A HAITIAN REFUGEE BOAT position than the public school to support and sustain the family in its responsibility of raising children. While public "The stranger who sojourns with you shall be to you as the native among schools, swayed by social pressures, have widened the gap you, and you shall love him as yourself." Lv. 19:34 between parent and child, the Catholic school reinforces the parental bond. . The adult religious community that surrounds Cathohc schools supports their mission, strengthening them especially in times of internal or external difficulties. Such cohesive ad ult WASHINGTON (NC) - Alien ble for legalization if they accept United States prior to Jan. I, 1982, communities are perhaps the greatest advantage of today's legalization regulations proposed public assistance, when at the same will qualify for legalization, while Catholic schools. In fact, the more effort, time and research by the Reagan administration are time immigration authorities refuse wives and children who came later given by a school to the process of community formation, the "entirely contrary" to the spirit of to grant work permits to detained will not meet deadline requirethe immigration law passed by aliens who qualify for legalization. ments. better will that school be fulfilled educationally. .Congress in October, said an offi- Require employers to state Public schools, on the other hand, daily see the gap widening In his statement, Msgr. DiMarcial of the U.S. Catholic Con- their willingness to appear perbetween themselves and their communities. More and more, ference. zio said the proposal to require sonally at immigration offices to school policy decisions have gone from the local community to "They are not only contrary to substantiate affadavits concerning employers to state their willingthe state and federal level, causing an anxious tug-of-war the spirit of the law, but to the length of employment of aliens ness to appear personally at federal immigration offices to subspirit of the members of Congress seeking legalization. between the two. who enacted it," said Gilbert Paul Carrasco also said the Reagan stantiate affidavits of applicants As a result, public educators are so enwrapped in red tape, Carrasco, director of immigration administration's statement that im- "will discourage cooperation." regulations and legalities that many feel their ability to teach services for the USCC's Migration migrants may have to pay applica"For a vegetable grower in Calihas been severely handicapped. Lawsuits, undue school com- and Refugee Services. tion fees of $ I50 to $250 to obtain fornia to have to agree to go to The Immigration and Naturalimittee interference and a breakdown in family responsibilitylegal status would sharply curb the Texas, where an applicant files the zation Service released the pro- number able to apply. all haveliad an adverse effect on public education. application, would have the preThose applyiQg for legalization dictable effect of employers refus. his obvious that difficult challenges are faced by all schools. posed regulations Jan. 20. They will take effect after a period for must also pay for medical exams, ing to submit affidavits for eligible However, as long as Catholic schools retain their identity, their public comment and final revision. photographs and fingerprints, in farmworkers," Carrasco explained. concept of religious mission and their community support, Persons illegally residing in the addition to counseling fees, he United States since Jan. I, 1982, said. they will have a distinct advantage. He said employers should be

Immigration-hardships cited

The Editor

Msgr. Nicholas DiMarzio, direcmay use the new law to apply for tor of Migration and Refugee Ser- given one week instead of the new legalization beginning May 5. regulations' proposed 24-hour per1\he USCC's Migration and Refu- vices, said in a statement that iod,to verify the legal status of "with their silence, the regulations gee Services and local church agenemployees. cies have offered to help immi- seemingly leave family members grants apply, and expect to assist who are ineligible for legalization He said the 24-hour rule would out in the cold." . as many as I million persons. be especially hard on immigrants In an interview, Carrasco obHe urged' federal immigration without legal papers who are trajected to the fact that the proposed authorities to confer "some type of veling the country in search of regulations: quasi-legal status" on ineligible , work. "It could render them inelig- Suggest the likelihood that family members, adding "there ible to accept a job." . families will be split up when some must be some assurance given that members qualify for legalization family unity will be preserved if and others do not. the immigration service truly wishes -=- Grant employers only 24 hours people to come forward to obtain GOD'S ANCHOR HOLDS to verify employees' legal status. this new status." Carrasco said it is likely many - Estabiish a "Catch-22" situatin by stating aliens will be ineligi- male immigrants who entered the

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Meals no problem Recently I asked for reader wisdom. I really got it. I have stacks of letters responding to my questions on family dinners with loved ones with special diet restrictions, minor depression and lay spirituality. I quickly add that these are not related. I regret I cannot thank you individually for writing" but please know that my other readers and I are grateful for your taking the time to offer wisdom. I ~ill deal with depression and lay spirituality in later columns. Here let's talk about how a family which traditionally gathered around food could continue to enjoy the same kinship with two recently diagnosed diabetics in their midst. The mother said that dietary restrictions had put a damper on the reunions to the extent that some family members were staying away. She did not want to lose the family unity that had been established but she didn't know what to do. How do other families handle this, she asked. Quite well, I discovered. Most who wrote said they simply provide some food that everyone can eat. Many pointed out that'the diabetic menu is exceptionally versatile, healthy and good and that it isn't difficult to include dishes for everyone to enjoy. Several sent menus and diet leaflets prepared by diabetic associations.

I suggest families with diet restrictions get hold of these from your diabetic and heed some of the instructions for meals. It could even be a challenge to cook a totally diabetic meal occasionally in deference to these special loved ones. Many said they ask the diabetic family to bring fresh fruit for des- ' sert or a dish they can eat and share with others. The most revealing responses came from diabetics and others with special diets. They emphasized that their needs are theirs alone and that they don't want special attention. They certainly don't want others to feel guilty for eating what they can't. "When others feel guilty it makes me' feel like a party spoiler," one wrote. "We'll take care of ourselves. We don't want special attention." Another wrote, "Eating a diabetic diet is a way oflife for us, just as vegetarianism and dieting are for others. We can handle it. We prefer that others don't make an issue of it." One l6-year-old wrote, "What's wrong with people who feel guilty because I can't eat pie? I have friends who wrestle who can't eat anything, but we all go with the crowd when they have pizza and we still have fun. I don't think relatives who stay away are very good relatives."

The one-eyed peril It is more seductive than the sirens in Greek mythology. It has the power to outwidow the widowing associated with golf or football. It respects no age. Under its spell time vanishes. In one sitting you can be transported to heaven one moment and the next be in danger of losing your soul. "It" is PC - personal computer. Some speak of it in language to rival the Canticle of Canticles. others cringe at the mere thought ,of it. The personal computer is most used in word processing. People who once spent hours retyping manuscripts now breeze through a 50-page text, make corrections, correct spellings and finish in one,tenth their previous time. Multiple mailings of personal letters are ready in a jiffy, with perfect margins. If you are into computing numbers or spread sheets, the ease of computation almost puts you into a class with certified public accountants. But I have heard of husbands and wives battlIng to use the PC they share,. while for the poor spouse not into computers Saturdays and Sundays become lost, weekends. A young woman told me ab,out a weekend her ~oyfriend spent trying to explain computers to he<r. All she wanted to do was write a letter and then take a long walk. And there are computer games that have turned basements into arcades. One father turned to me as four youngsters trampled through his home to the computer room and asked, "Whatever happened to the days when kids played outdoors?"

As wonderful as personal computers are, they must be treated with caution. They are like a toy that fascinates, tempting one to play with it until all sense of time is lost. If it infringes on another's desire for your time, the PC can resemble an unwanted third party. Like any addiction, PCs can take hold of you, outprioritizing everything. Right after the Our Father at the Mass we pray God to relieve us of anxiety. This usually is understood to mean that anxiety experienced in relationships with other human beings. But there are times


Fri., Feb. 20, 1987



I think we should listen to these wise diabetics. They make a lot of sense. At times all of us find ourselves in situations where we can't partake of food or an activity but we still like being there and we don't want sympathy. Look at the number of people who can't play ball at a family gathering but enjoy the camaraderie and kinship. They don't feel sorry for themselves. Why should we? Pity is something most people don't want, especially those handicapped in movement or diet. And they don't want people pushing food on them they can't eat, as in, "One little bite can't hurt you." And they don't want people sneaking sweets out of sight because they can't eat them. They just want to be treated as normal family and friends. Again, my thanks to those who shared their personal feelings with us. Your letters tell me the family reunions are in good shape. What is available to eat doesn't seem as important in strong families as enjoyment of and respect for one another.


when the prayer might aptly apply to the technology that rules us, especially the PCs that drive up the blood pressure of the calmest person. There is an adage that should be pasted to every home computer. It reads, "All good things in moderation."

Key to peace February 14 '1932, Rev. Charles E. Clerk, Pa'stor, St. Roch, Fall River 1980, 'Rev. Msgr. Francis E. McKeon, Pastor Emeritus, Sacred Heart, Taunton February 15 , 1910, Rev. Joseph G. Lavalle, Pastor, St. Mathieu; Fall River _ 1957, Rev. James C. Conlon, Pastor, St. Mary, Norton February 16 1983, Rev. Alphonse J. LaChapelle, Assistant, Holy Ghost, Attleboro February 19 '1895, Rev. Andrew J. Brady, Pastor, St. Joseph, Fall River , 1953, Rev. Leopold Jeurissen, SS.Cc., Pastor, Sacred Heart, Fair~ haven February 20 1922, Rev. James H. Fogarty, Pastor, St. Louis, Fall River .1986, Rev. Raymond M. Giguere, Assistant, St. Anne, Fall River

Diocese of Fall River -

SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador(NC) - The key to peace in El Salvador is meeting human needs; especially the needs of the poor, Archbishop Roger Mahony of Los Angeles said at a church-sponsored peace observance in San Salvador. "Human development is plainly the key, the price that must be paid to live peacefully as brothers instead of destroying -one another like wolves. This price is not too high," the U.S. prelate said. j



".The kindness of God is meant to lead you to repentance.," Rom. 2:4 1IIl1l1ll11l1l1l1l11l1l11l11l11Ullililllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll. THE ANCHOR (USPS-S4S-020). Second Class Postage'Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published weekly except the week of July 4 and the week after Christmas at 410 High- ' land Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02720 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscripiion price by mail, postpaid $8.00 per year. Postmasters send address changes,to The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River, MAo 02722.

Letter from a reader


Dear Readers: A. There is no theological reaOnly a couple of times through son why this could not be done. the years have I devoted a column An unmarried priesthood is a matto a letter from a reader. The one ter of church discipline or policy, a this week is special. I print it for discipline which, however, the the encouragement and support it church in the Latin Rite has consimay giv~ to hundreds of divorced dered important for many centurand remarried people who find ies. themselves in something like the Except for permanent deacons same situation. I am grateful to the reinstituted in the church since woman who shares her happiness Vatican Council II, the Western with us. (Latin Rite) church does not have Dear Father Dietzen: a married clergy. Up to now at A mother wrote to you that her least, the judgment of church authdivorced and again separated orities has been that receiving as married priests those who had daughter would like to return to been ordained as celibate Latin the Catholic Church but was afraid she would not be allowed to receive Rite Catholics would enormously confuse the issue of clerical celithe sacraments. I hope she accepts your sugges- bacy. Married priests are entirely postion that she talk with her parish priest and follow his advice. sible; they exist today in the EastI am a divorced Catholic who ern Rites of the Catholic Church. remarried outside the church f~r But the feeling is that if and when . Th e Iast t wo this. might as .a th e secon d marriage. h be contemplated h . (I am pohcy, years 0fth e secon d marriage h t e approac you . suggest IS ' d agam ' ) I a tt en ded not tb e t't most appropnate way to now d1V0rce ' WI'th ou t· goAa fou I.b h M ass on a regu Iar b aSls tt'· th recievin the sacraments. , ree roc u~e ou mmg e baSIC prayers, behefs and precepts g Those tw~ y~ars of w~tching ofthe Catholic faith is available by my feUow panshionen receive Com. . h'l I t d'ffi It sendmg a stamped, self-addressed envelope to Father John Dietzen, mumon w .. e sa were I IC~ and humbhng. I came to 'H 0IT' 't P 'h 704 N • M am . · reahze kl Y rim y arlS, k e t h IS how much we can ta wee y St BI . t I l l 61701 Q ' 'ft Ii t d ., oommg on,. . ues_ Go d-glve~ gl ,or gran e . tions should be sent to Father After dlvorcmg my second hus- D' t t th dd band I tearfully apporached an Ie zen a e same a ress. unfamiliar priest in an unfamiliar city, This priest was literally a godBISHOP Willy Romdus'of send to me, _ After a long discussion and tear- Jeremie, Haiti, whose outful confession (my first in five spoken sermons influenced years) I started annulment pro- the ouster of dictator Jeanceedings. The following Sunday I received my first Communion in -Claude Duvalier, leads a march five years! Before Communion the through Jeremie on the first congregation read aloud "Foot- anniversary of the end of the steps." I could hardly see the words Duvalier regime. Despite on the sheet through my tears. increased freedom, however, Asl approached Father for Communion he looked at me and said, Haitian bishops say their "Cathy, receive the Body of Christ," country's situation "has worI couldn't even respond as the sened at ever.y level." tears were welling up in my heart (NCj UPI-Reuter photo) . again, as they are now reliving that day. For the past year, every time I receive Communion I feel the glory and peace of partaking in this sacrament. Please tell this young woman and all people in the same situation to continue in their faith by going to Mass, whether or not they are able to receive the sacraments. I pray for them that they may find the peace that I have found through God's grace. . God has given me a very special gift, my fiance. With God's help I plan finally 'to make-. marriage, work. I thank him ev~ry day. The priest is happily helping us through the preparations and, God, willing,will unite us this next summer in the sacrament of marriage. Q, I have read that some Episcopalian priests who are married are accepted as Roman Catholic priests, If this is true, why can't a Roman Catholic priest who has left the priesthood and married return to the priesthood? (New York)

Free life

The Anchor Friday, Feb. 20, 1987


Pope will brave Lions'den DETROIT (NC) - Pope John Paul II will be venturing into the Lions' den in Pontiac, Mich., during his'visit to the' Archdiocese of ~Detroit Sept. 18-19. Auxiliary Bishop Dale Melczek of Detroit and Pontiac city officials confirmed Feb. 9 that the pope will celebrate his farewell liturgy Sept. 19 at the Silverdome in Pontiac, home of the Detroit Lions football team and Detroit Pistons basketball team. The bishop said the Mass is expected to draw nearly 97,000, making it one of the largest indoor liturgies ever celebrated by the pope. After the Mass the pope will leave for Detroit Metropolitan Airport for his retur'n trip to Rome, ending his nine-stop visit to the United States. The pontiff will arrive in Detroit from San Francisco about 9:30 p,m. Sept. 18. A welcoming ceremony will take place at the city's Blessed Sacrament Cathedral. Before the Silverdome Mass Sept. 19, the pope will visit Hamtramck, a heavily Polish city surrounded by Detroit. From there he will go to downtown Detroit "to meet with 800 of the nation's permanent deacons and their wives. The pope is expected to deliver a major address at the gathering, which will show him "how central this ministry is to the strength of the church in the United States," said Bishop Melczek. Among Detroit Catholics ready to greet the pope is a cousin, 75year-old John Wojtylo, a longtime resident and civic leader. The pope's grandfather and Wojtylo's grandfather were brothers, he said. He explained that when his father, Leo Wojtylo, immigrated to the United States at age 18 in 1914, officials changes the spelling of the family name of Wojtyla. Pope John Paul was Cardinal Karol Wojtyla before his election as pope in 1978. "Dad was dead before Karol was made a bishop or a cardinal, but he was so happy having a member of the family a priest," he added.

Canada 873 cases. according to Canadian GoV!,

latin America Brazil: 754 cases Mexico: 316 cases Africa 2,551 cases (believed greatly under路reported)

Sources: World He~lth OrgantZallOn and Canadian Government

German bishops criticize AIDS campaign VATICAN CITY (NC) - The German bishops' conference has criticized the West German government for recommending condoms as a protection against AIDS, Vatican Radio recently reported. The criticism echoes similar protests by the Irish and English bishops' conferences against government campaigns to control the spread of the disease, acquired immune deficiency syndrome. The German public health campaign, which began last December, recommends the use of condoms to avoid contracting the disease. By the beginning of February, 66 million newspapers and magazines will have carried ads saying, "Trust is good; condoms are better," according to the campaign. The bishops' statement said the churchmen were "scandalized" by the "disgraceful" information being distributed by the government. Such a campaign should recom- ' mend "chastity and fidelity" rather than recommending "the use of prophylactics in sexual relations with strangers or variable partners," the bishops said. Vatican Radio said 800 people have been struck by AIDS in West Germany~ and 380 have died. The Irish bishops' conference

Catholic historians welcome Jewish president CHICAGO (NC) - Josef L. Altholz, professor of history at the University of Minnesota, is the first Jewish scholar to be president ofthe American Catholic Historical Association. Altholz automatically became president at the association's annual meeting in Chicago after having been elected first vicepresident in 1985. As president, he succeeds Jesuit Father James Hennesey, Boston College professor of the history of Christianity. A native of New York, Altholz received his undergraduate degree from Cornell University in 1954 al)d master's and doctoral degrees from Columbia University in 1955 and )962. He had been a staff : m~~(oJ theJ)epartment of His"t'<*~'lft'th'~University of Minnesot~nce '1959~

He 'has written or edited books . '\'-,

and publications dealing with different aspects of Victorian England and 19th-century church history and related topics. His current special interest is the British religious periodical press from 1760 to 1900. Altholz is not the first nonCatholic to serve as president of the association, which focuses on topics of Catholicism in American history. Protestants have headed the group in the past. Other new officers, elected by mail ballot, also were recently announced. They are Bernard F. Reilly, an expert on the history of medival Spain, first vice-president; and Dominican Sister Eileen F. Rice, history professor at Barry University, Miami, second vicepresident.

recently issued a statement caling AIDS a "major threat to public health," but criticized the promotion of condoms as a preventative. The bishops said such advice could ,"give further encouragement to permissiveness, and this in itself would contribute to a further spread of the disease."


Last November the English and Welsh bishops sai<i"the most effective and long-term method" of containing AIDS was "a substantial change in moral and social attitudes and behavior." . Cardinal George Basil Hume of Westminister, England, has said the church cannot support "any measure which tacitly accepts ... sexual activity outside marriage." "Nor do we accept that for the unmarried the choice lies solely between condoms and infection," he said.

Continued from Page One On Jan. 6, the first day of the new Congress, Rep. Mickey Leland, D-Texas, a Catholic, introduced the Homeless Persons Survival Act of 1987. Leland said it would provide a variety of serviDUBLIN, Irela~d (NC) - A ces, including food assistance; phy- church task force has suggested sical and mental health care facili- establishing an AIDS'center in the ties; permanent housing programs Dublin Archdiocese, saying that for the poor; community residen- education and care are the main ces for the mentally ill; shelter for areas in which the church can help parents with babies, for youths, combat the fatal disease. and for homeless of all ages needIn January, the Irish bishops ing emergency housing; and educalled AIDS "a major threat to cation geared toward homeless public health," at the same time children. criticizing 'promotion of condoms Various services of those types in a public anti-AIDS campaign were recommmended in testimony and urging Irish to avoid sex outto a congressional subcomittee Feb. side marriage. 4 by Father Edwin M. Conway, treasurer of Catholic Charities USA and administrator of Catholic Charities in the Archdiocese of Chicago. The Catholic Church and other churches, of course, have been talking about the housing' and ROME (NC) ~ A Jesuit magahomelessness crisis for a long time. zine has praised recent Soviet Like Father Conway and Father moves to "liberalize" its society, Hehir, Auxiliary Bishop Eugene but said that so far such openness Marino of Wasington, Cardinal has not extended to religion. John J. O'Connor of New York Despite a relaxed look at instiand Archbishop Philip M. Han- tutions and the introduction of nan of New Orleans all have urged limited private enterprise, "the war government attention to the plight against religion knows no truce," of the homeless or poorly housed. said an article in La Civilta Cattol"The problem of homelessness ica earlier this' month. is growing," Bishop Marino said The biweekly journal often rein 1984. "The (economic) 'recov- . flects Vatican views on current ery' is not reaching the homeless. topics. The article by Father GioOur resources are being stretched vanni Rulli examined in detail the to the breaking point." "openness" campaign introduced "Because of the magnitude of by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorthe resources required, the fund- bachev. ing of low-income housing must The magazine praised Gorbabe primarily a federal responsibil- chev's recent freeing of scientist ity," Cardinal O'Connor informed Andrei Sakharov from internal lawmakers in 1985. exile, along with other concilia"Termination or reduction of tory moves toward dissidents. funds for housing ... will greatly It said social progress under aggravate a critical situation," ArchGorbachev "seems notable," with bishop Hannon added in 1986. more objective news reporting, re-

Dublin AIDScenter asked

Continued from Page One Father Viveiros met Jimmy "maybe in 1974, the year I was,ordained, at a sign language class at St. Elizabeth parish, Fall River." The diocesan priest said that Jimmy has assisted in the apostolate's sign language classes and at a deafness and blindness awareness workshop. Both Father Viveiros and Jimmy are very interested in genealogy, the former said. He and Jimmy and another deaf person recently traveled to the Azores to investigate partly Jimmy's Portuguese background. Their stops included Jimmy's ancestral villages, one of which was Feteiras Solon the island of St. Michael. There the trio visited St. Lucy's church. "St. Lucy is the patron saint of the blind," said Father Viveiros. "Each of the churches in Jimmy's ancestral towns had altars dedicated to her, an incredible coincidence." Jimmy has been to Ireland once and has visited Washington, D.C. several times. He's toured Washington's Gallaudet College, the only , college for deaf students in the United States, and has participated in the "Closeup" program, learning about' government workings by visiting the Pentagon and a Congressional session. Jimmy roomed with a sighted boy in Washington, who, he said, did not realize that Jimmy could care for himself. At first the youngster resisted the room assignment, thinking Jimmy would be a burden or extra responsibility. By the end of the program, Jimmy said, his roommate had realized that "a deaf-blind person is just that, a person." Jimmy also recently attended a ham radio camp in Minnesota; to get there, he traveled alone for the first time. "It was a little nerve-wracking for me," Barbara Ryan said. "Jimmy had to change planes by himself in Chicago on the way back. But God provides. The stewardess on his flight from Minneapolis to O'Hare knew finger spelling'" Mrs. Ryan said her husband is a Registry of Motor Vehicles inspector. Another child, Kimberly, 18, is deaf and autistic, she said, and attends a Pennsylvania school for the multiply handicapped.

Jesuit magazine says Soviets still down religion laxed rules' on imports from the West, and apparent distancing of the Communist Party from parliament and the introduction of private industry on a limited scale. But it said that "as far as religion is concerned, especially the Catholic religion, we have instead several signs of the struggle that the Soviet authorities seem to still want to conduct against any religious manifestation, in order to spread state atheism." The article said that last April, the Soviets held a festival of "antireligious films." The last Communist Party convention also took up the religious question and warned that religion will not "die by itself," the article said. Gorbachev was quoted as saying in a speech last November that a "decisive and implacable struggle against religious manifestation" was ~eedid.

Diss,ident died w~th dignity, says U.8. friend WASHINGTON (NC) - Soviet dissident Inna Meiman died "with dignity" Feb. 9, said the 25-yearold Catholic woman who fasted 25 days to bring attention to her plight. "Her whole struggle was a fight for dignity, and at least she did die with that," said Lisa Paul in a telephone interview Feb. 10. But Miss Paul called the Soviet, decision to keep Mrs. Meiman's husband from accompanying her to the United States "incredibly barbaric." Mrs. Meiman suffered from cancer of the upper spine. The 54year-old woman, who arrived in Washington Jan. 19, had been trying to obtain a visa since 1982 in order to obtain medical treatment. Had she died in the Soviet Union, Miss Paul said, Mrs. Meiman would have had ,to endure "the mental torture of constant battling against Soviet authorities" even in her final days. For four years prior to her release, the Soviets "tortured" Mrs. Meiman by ignoring her pleas for treatment and painkillers, Miss Paul charged. Permission to travel to the West was granted the ailing Mrs. Meiman after a long battle entailing congressional lobbying of Soviet officials and embassy personnel, and the hunger strike by Miss Paul, a Washington resident and personal friend. Mrs.' Meiman was granted a one-year travel visa and entered Georgetown University Hospital on her arrival in Washington. She had undergone numerous cancer operations in the Soviet Union, but was told the, treatment she needed is only available in the West. Her husband, Naum Meiman, 75, also ill with heart problems and prostate cancer, was denied permission to leave the Soviet Union. His petition has been repeatedly refused because of the classified nature of mathematical work he did 30 years ago, according to the National Conference on Soviet Jewry. Miss Paul said she spent many hours during the last weeks of Mrs. Meiman's life with her. "It was a good time for her, "she said, adding Mrs. Meiman was "very alert and coherent" up until she died "peacefully and relatively painlessly." During her last days, the Soviet dissident talked of "everything and anything," Miss Paul said. "She asked people to fight for [release of] her husband, her son and her sister. She talked with her sister frequently. "She was impressed with all the different medical gadgets and equipment (in the hospital). She joked that no matter where you are in the world the nurses have trouble finding your veins." Miss Paul said Mrs. Meiman, who spoke English fluently, was "intrigued by every American she met. She'd listen to what the orderlies were saying outside her room , and was alwaYs impressed." The warmth and love she encountered in the United States "surpassed her expectations," Miss Paul said, adding she had received greeting cards from across the nation. Miss Paul, a native of Appleton, Wis., completed a 25-day fast on

Colorado c:ouple help Africans with mission

in the news

GOLDEN, Colo. (NC) - Hugh and Marty Downey of Golden have been running what they call "the world's smallest international relief agency" for more than 20 years in ~frica. They are the founders of a medical mission in Sudan known as Lalmba [pronounced la-Ioom-bal, which they administer from their Colorado home and staff with local residents and volunteer medical personnel, recruited mainly from the United States. "We love it. This is the Lord's PALM BEACH, Fla., Bish- work and we're doing it in his op Thomas V. Daily has been' name," Mrs. Downey said in a recent telephone interview with elected ninth supreme chaplain National Catholic News Service. of the Knights of Columbus, In Sudan, three doctors and succeeding the late Alexandria- eight nurses treat 15,000 outpaShreveport Bishop Charles P. tients a month in three medical clinics in Ethiopian refugee camps Greco. and one in a Sudanese village. Bishop Daily, a Belmont There also are facilities for 50 native, was ordained anauxil- inpatients plus an orphanage and iary bishop of Boston in 1975 prosthetics and eye clinics.. The mission began in Ethiopia and in 1984 was named foundas an orphanage and school in ing bishop of the Palm Beach 1962. Downey was first sent to the diocese. His father, the late country by the U.S. Army. In John F. Daily, was Maine state 1965, when he was discharged deputy ofthe Knights of Colum- from, the Army, he and Marty bus from 1918 to 1921 then a were married. said we'd do mission work fulltime program consultant for"We three years. We've been involved for the organization for the 21.,years," Mrs. Downey said. "We next 33 years. were really surprised there is such great need. Thank God he's given us the time." In 1977 Lalmba was forced to leave Ethiopia by the new Marxist government, and Downeys started over in Sudan. Lalmba is maintained solely through donations of private groups and individuals. A major supported is the Downey's Catholic parish, Spirit of Christ, in the archdiocese of Denver.

a new endeavor in 1984 when they developed Mission Corps International to match volunteers, age 18 or older, to needs in East Africa and now Mexico. In 1985, they recruited another Colorado couple to develop a new medical mission in a remote, undeveloped area of Kenya, a tiny village called Nyan Gere, where 2,000 outpatients are treated a month. A televison documentary on the couple may be in the works if their longtime acquaintance Mark Saucier has his way. Saucier, communications direc-

Priest asks justice for prostitutes

CHICAGO (NC) - Catholics trying to implement the U.S. bishops' economy pastoral should be concerned about justice for prostitutes and their need for church help, said a priest who ministers to them. The priest, Franciscan Father Depaul Genska, said that the pastoralletter does not explicitly mention prostitutes, but it does show clear concern for them when it urges special care for the poor and outcast of society and when it calls for jobs with dignity and adequate pay for all. To put the pastoral into effect, he said, means to come to the aid of "persons trapped in the oppressive occupation offemale prostitution." Father Genska began a special ministry to prostitutes in New York in 1972. He is now a board member of Genesis House, a hospitality home in Chicago for women in prostitution, and a resource person on street ministries for the Catholic Theological Union in ChiThe 'couple's work is strictly cago. . volunteer, so to earn money Mrs. He usually refers to prostitutes Downey, a registered nurse, works as "women in prostitution" or"perpart time at Lutheran Hospital in sons in female prostitution" in Denver. Her husband is a perman- order to remind people that they SISTER Nicolette Vennaro, ent deacon at their parish and also are human beings first and fore47, a Third Order Franciscan parttime manager of their district most. nun twice crippled by arthri- water company. They travel to Many women in prostitution tis, plans to run 3,000 miles their missions about two months "sell their bodies to obtain the necessitites of life for themselves out of the year. across the nation to raise $1 and their children" because they The couple has two children, million for the sick and elderly with Ethiopian names: Mikael, lack the education or job skills to of her community. A first grade both get other employment, he said. 17, and Keren, 14. teacher in Syracuse, N. Y., she Downey and his wife undertook CommentiJig on the economy will begin her 12-state trek pastoral, he noted that it urges Christians to follow the example Sept. I. Sister Vennaro began run- WASHINGTON (NC) - The of Jesus who, in the words of the ning five years ago as arthritis South African Catholic r Church pastoral; "takes up the cause of those who suffered... social distherapy and since then has needs "a great evangelizing effort" crimination." run more than 30 marathons, similar to those in Latin America Father Genska said the bishops' including the Boston Mara- and the Philippines, said Archbi- pastoral speaks to the rights of shop Denis Hurley of Durban, thon. She expects to average South Africa. "Our greatest weak- women in prostitution wheq it 30 miles a day, completing her ness as church consists in not hav- calls unemployment "the most basic" problem in U.S. economic life. run in late December. A van ing promoted the social education It also addresses their needs when will accompany her and she , of our people in the Christian it speaks of the special burden of plans to stay with religious understanding of the grave politi- poverty on women, minorities and cal, economic and cultural probcommunities along her route. lems of our country," Archbishop those with inadequate education, he said. Hurley said. The archbishop spoke 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 He said according to some estiafter accepting an honorary doc- mates, as many as 10 million U.S. torate of humane letters from women are engaged in prostitution. Mrs. Meiman's behalf Jan. 7. She Georgetown University, where he had worked with Sen. Paul Simon, Instead of "throwing stones of was called "a powerful witness of condemnation" at those women, D-III., and other'members of Conthe Christian ideals of justice and he said, Catholics should "build gress to lobby for Mrs. Meiman's love for all regardless of race." release. bridges for them to more easily and readily cross over to a hospitMiss Paul, who majored in Rus• • • • • • • • • .w • • • • • • • • • • • • i able and nurturing society where sian studies, met Mrs. Meiman all men and women are apprewhen she worked as a nanny in GOD'S ANCHOR HOLDS ciated by the basic facts of their Russian in 1980-82. Mrs. Meiman God-given existence and dignity." was her language tutor. « ••

Evangelization need







The Anchor

Friday, Feb. 20, 1987


tor for the Diocese of Jefferson City, Mo., wants to record their story because it is "inspiring," he told NC News. He met the Downeys a few years ago when, after reading a story about them in a Catholic newspaper, he invited them to be on a radio program he hosted. "The work they do is tremendous. There's a lot to learn from what they do," Saucier said. He said he hopes to get a grant to cover an estimated production cost of $40,000 and that a religious order has pledged a matching grant if he can come up with basic funding. Saucier added that in light of the upcoming world Synod of Bishops on the laity, a documentary on the Downeys would illus-, trate what lay people do and can do in the church.

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Students hear how Seib coped HAYS, Kan. (NC) - Religious principles and prayer helped Wall Street Journal reporter Gerald F. Seib cope when detained by Iranian officials, he told students at his Catholic alma mater in Hays. Seib told an assembly at Thomas More Prep-Marian High School Feb. 13 that the one night he spent in an "honest-to-God jail cell" in Iran gave him seemingly endless time to pray and form a plan of action. "It happened to be a Sunday night," Seib said, "so I said a Mass to myself that night. It's amazing how much of the Mass you can remember when you're in a pinch like that and need to pray. "I forgot some of the second half of the eucharistic prayer, otherwise I got it all. "There was no sermon," he added in a less serious tone. "I didn't know what to say, so I skipped it." Seib, 31, a native of Hays, was detained after the Iranian government invited him and other foreign journalists to cover its latest offensive against Iraq in late January.Iranian news reports said Seib was thought to be an Israeli spy. The reporter, who with his wife runs the Egypt-based Middle East bureAu of The Wall Street Journal, was released Feb. 6. He returned to Hays Feb. 12.

retrospect he thinks the three principles are important to recall "even at times when your choices aren't so stark and when you don't need principles quite so badly." Students and members of the

Hays community held an aroundthe-clock vigil for Seib in the high school chapel for the duration of his detention. The school is staffed by Capuchin Fathers and Sisters of the Congregaton of 81. Agnes.

Compromise asked in Ireland BELFAST, Northern Ireland (NC)- Northern Ireland's Catholic and Protestant politicians should accept the political realities of the Ulster province and be. willing to compromise, said the Catholic bishop of Belfast. Bishop Cahal Daly of Down and Connor, which in~ludes the provincial capital, said people who insist on conditions they know are unacceptable are ignoring political realities.

About one-third of Northern Ireland's population is Catholic, with the remainder mostly Protestant. Protestants who identify themselves as unionists favor the province's current status as part of Great Britain. Catholicnationists say Catholics are discriminate.d against and favor reuniting the six-county province with the rest of Ireland.

Women's role discussion asked ROME (NC) - Chicago Cardinal Joseph L. Bernardin says a number of bishops' conferences want the role of women in the church to be discussed at the 1987 synod on the laity. The cardinal said the forthcoming synod's working document may be made public early next year and he noted that "the role of women was something


that came up in number .of summaries. "The cardinal was in Rome for a meeting of the general secretariat advisory council ofthe Synod of Bishops. The 1987 synod topic is "The Vocation and Mission of the Laity in the Church and the World 20 Years After the Second Vatican Council."

After the "Mass," Seib said he prayed more, then started pacing around the stark prison cell, which he described as 8 feet by 12 feet, without a bed, hot and windowless. "This was the second night I was [detained) and there wasn't any reason to think I wouldn't be there for months. There was nothing that had been said to me at that point, and nothing in' the track record of the Iranians that would suggest I was going to be out very soon, so I thought I had better get myself prepared in my head for that possibility. "I decided what I needed really wasn't a game plan but principles since I really didn't know what would come next, and I couldn't exactly plan strategies for the .unknown. "The first one was complete and utter trust in God, not that. there was much choice at that stage of the game anyway, but it seemed like a decent starting point. "The second one was complete honesty. I was debating whether to be tricky with my interrogators, whether I should tell them what they wanted to hear, whether I should try to outsmart them, and in the end I decided I had nothing to hide so what's the point. Honesty is the best policy and I figured I'd stick with it. In the end I think it was a smart decision.




"And the third principle was: don't apologize for who you are or what you are. If you're going to go down, at least go down with dignity." Seib said he decided he would stick by tl:tose principles "no matter what happened. "And over the next two days it all turned around. It may even be 'partly because of those principles. I don't know. All I know is I felt a lot better inside and whatever happened over the next couple of days was a lot easier to tolerate than what happened the previous days." Seib told the students that in


GERALD SEIB with his wife in Zurich after he was detained, then released by government !luthorities in Iran. (NCj UPI-Reuter photo)

- _.' .~'




Stang's "Rosebud" retires

Diocese of Fall River -

Fri., Feb. 20, 1987




By Joseph Motta A recent edition of the newsletter that North Dartmouth's Bishop Stang High School publishes for school parents and friends contained a tribute to retiring office worker Roseanne Barker. In part, it read "Mom, Mrs. B., Rosie, Rosebud - she answers to them all. After over 26 years of serving... Mrs. Barker has retired. "Roseanne is a lady. She's kind, generous to a fault and loving. She can do five separate jobs at the same time amid general chaos. "She will be missed. She has enriched the lives of hundreds of people." Mrs. Barker, a member of St. Julie Billiart parish, North Dartmouth, laughed modestly as The Anchor read her list of nicknames to her. "There was one student who called me Ma Barker," she said. Mrs. Barker said that her sister Betty was. a Stang secretary in 1960. When a coworker left, Mrs. Barker replaced her "for a couple of hours a day, temporarily. "And here I am over 26 years later!" A warm, energetic woman, Mrs. Barker said that she began fulltime work while Stang's first principal, Sister Ann Denise, SND, was still in office. She had worked under six principals. ' "Rose is the embodiment of a true Christian," says the school's current assistant principal, Robert Zukowski. "She's loving, caring, kind and considerate. In our 17 years of working together, she never said a bad word about anyone. She always spoke in a positive way." Stang's chaplain, Father Marcel H. Bouchard, was a student when she began work, Mrs. Barker said, and her pastor, Msgr. Patrick J. O'Neill, was director of the Diocesan Department of Education. . "And I've seen many graduates go on to teach .at Stang, ," she added.


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ROSEANNE BARKER She smiled when asked what her job had entailed. The list was long. "Receptionist, typing, secretarial, retirement, Blue Cross..." To celebrate Mrs. Barker's 25th anniversary at the school, Stang rededicated its library the"Roseanne Barker Library." Remembering that day, she says that the· honor was a surprise, although she did know in advance of a "beautiful luncheon" that the school gave her. "I never dreamed of having a library named after me," she said. "I cried." The recent retiree calls the many Stang students she's known "beautiful kids," and told of their uniforms, circa 1960. Young women wore white blouses, pleated plaid skirts and white stockings, she said, with s,addle shoes, gray blazers and berets. Young men wore gray blazers and ties with dress shirts, slacks and shoes. "N ow there are more choices for

uniforms," she said, referring to Stang's current policy, which, while still stringent, offers students more freedom. There are unhappy memories, too. Mrs. Barker said she was "very saddened" by the 1985 death of longtime coworker and friend John C. O'Brien. O'Brien, known as "Mr. Stang," was the school's athletic director, and frequently tutored students in English, Latin and social studies. He is memorialized as "teacher, coach and friend" by a plaque on the school grounds. Mrs. Barker plans to drop in at the school on occasion to visit with students and her former coworkers. . "I live right around the corner," she said. She plans to enjoy retirement with her husband, Walter; her grandchildren Tara; Jeffrey and Jonathan; and their parents, her daughter Nancy and son-in-law jeff Lawrence, both 1965 Stang graduates.

Chinese church reaffirms independ.ence Press reports outside China have PEKING (NC) - The government-sanctioned Chinese Catholic described three groups of Chinese Church has reaffirmed its inde- Catholics: those belonging to the pendencefrom the Vatican, saying government-approved patriotic asit would be run solely by church sociation, those loyal to the pope and opposing the patriotic associpersonnel in China. According to news reports, 200 ation; and those cooperating with church delegates made the reaf- the association, but not belonging firmation last November at meet- to it. ings of the National Association of Peking's English-language newsPatriotic Catholics and the Second China Daily, reported that paper, Chinese Catholic Church Adminmeeting participants discussed proistrative Committee Congress. The official Xinhua news agency moting theological research to keep reported that delegates also ap- pace with new developments. They proved a new patriotic association also discussed the need to make constitution, amending its state- Catholic Church rites more suitament of purpose to include sup- ble for use in China, the daily said. port for socialism and making "a "The reform of the rites of the contribution to the unification of . church involves a lot of work, .. · the country." The constitution also Bishop Yang Goajian, Chinese states that Chinese Catholics bishops' conference gener!!1 secre"would persevere in the policy of tary, was quoted as saying: He administering their church autonoadded that for the time being mously." "churches in various dioceses must The National Association ofPastick to the Latin rites which are . triotic Catholics, formed by the practiced now." . Chinese government in 1957, rejects ties to the Vatican. The associaAt the meetings; participants tion includes several bishops whom decided that election and ordinathe church considers valid but tion of bishops is one of the major "illicit" because they were ordained tasks of the Catholic Church in against church rules. China.

China Daily reported that Xi Zhongxun, a member oTthe Political Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party, told the meeting that "the Chinese government supports our friends in religious circles in theirexpanding of exchange~ with other countries. "But we do not allow any religious organization or individual to interfere with the religious affairs of our country and to govern our churches," he said. He also said that the Vatican should cut diplomatic relations with Taiwan and respect the right of Chinese Catholics to run their churches independently. In a reaction to the reports a Hong Kong-based missionary said: "It was better than we expected. The delegates seemed only concerned about political issues 'like socialism and the country's unification." The missionary, who asked not to be named, said he was also encouraged that "there was no direct attack against the Vatican or the Holy Father,"

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Feb. 20, 1987

Iteering pOintl

WASHINGTON (NC) - The U.S. Catholic Conference has endorsed six welfare reform princiPUBLICITY CHAIRMEN SEPARATED AND DIVORCED, ples 'calling for programs to end are asked to submit news Items for this I column to The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall FR dependency and guarantee a fedRiver, 0272~. Nlme of city' or town should Fall River area support group for eral standard of living for needy be Included as well as full dates of all activities. please send news of future rather separated and divorced Catholics families. ; than past events. Note: We do not carry meeting 7:30 p.m. Feb. 25, Our Lady news of tundralslnl activities sucla as The principles are sponsored by binios, whists, dances, suppers and bazaars. of Fatima Church hall, Swansea We Ire happy to carry notices of spiritual a coalition of religious, child advoST.MARY,NB IlrOllram~, club meetlnlls, youth projects and cacy and family services organizasimilar nonprofit activities. Fundraislng proThe parish congratulates girls' bas- . I jects may be advertised at our regular rates, ketball team players Melanie Breton tions, including Catholic Charities , obtainable from The Anchor business office, , telephone 675路7151. and Kim Boutin for finishing second USA. On Steerlnll Points Items FR Indicates in their age groups on the district .Fall River, NB Indicates New Bedford. The.principles are: level at Ii recent free-throw com- Persons who work should be petition. ' ST. GEORGE, DARTMOUTH rewarded with enough to support WIDOWED SUPPORT, CAPE Parish Lenten retreat begins 7 their families and pay for health Cape Cod Widowed Support and child care, and barriers to the p.m. March I, continues each night Group meeting 3 p.m. Sunday, Christ through March 7; retreat master: employment of low-income perthe King parish CCD center, Rt. 28, Father Robert E. Carson of DesPeres, sons should be eliminated. Cotuit: information: 428-7078, evenWI. Adults interested in receiving - The federal government should the sacrament of confirmation may: ings. assure a minimum standard of livcall pastor Father Clement E. Du-' BLUE ARMY four, 636-4965; preparation classes World Apostolate of Fatima (Blue ing to those in poverty. - Additional investments should for April 27 ceremony Sunday evenArmy) holy hour/meeting 2 to 4:30 ings March 8 to April 5. Parish p.m. Sunday, Sacred Hearts semi- be made in programs that prove school eighth graders visited Washingnary chapel, Great Neck Road, Ware- successful in preventing future pov'ton, D.C. this week. , ham; chaplain: Father Jeremiah Cas- erty and its ill effects. MEALS ON TIME for over 2S years - that's the record ST. JOSEPH, F AIRHAVEN ey, SS.CC.; information: Ann C. - Welfare policies should aid Levasseur, 822-6866. Five-hour vigil both one- and two-parent families Cub Scout Blue and Gold Banof Chef Ronald Fitzgerald of St. Anne's Hospital, Fall River. begins 7:30 p.m. March 6, Sacred in need. Child support laws should quet 2 p.m. Sunday, church hall. Hearts Church, Fairhaven; all welThose interested in serving on the be better enforced. come to both events. parish/pastoral council are asked to - In achieving the above objecreturn their volunteer forms. CHRIST THE KING, tives, the federal government COTUIT/MASHPEE ST. LOUIS de FRANCE, should set minimum benefits, proFather Ronald A. Tosti, pastor, SWANSEA will conduct an introductory series vide enough money for effective Parishioners who lost jobs due to for prospective converts on Thurs- programs and back state and local Fall River's Kerr Mill fire may conFew people choose a career by then was chicken and peas," Fitzy tact parish Vincentians for assistday evenings beginning March 5; initiatives that work. accident. But that's how Ronald chuckled, "that's what everyone ance; Leopold Thibault, parishconference Speakers at a press conference information and reservations: rectory, 428-0166. "Fitzy" Fitzgerald, chef at St. got, chicken and peas; today, peoannouncing the principles included president, 673-5449. Anne's Hospital, Fall River, came ple have choices. U.S. Rep. Richard Gephardt, D.FAMILY LIFE CENTER, ST. JOHN EVANGELIST, "Yet even though we serve more by his. Mo. He said that while many may NO. DARTMOUTH POCASSET The story begins with a gang of people now than we did then, in think recipients of welfare enjoy it, Couples' retreat begins today. DivVincentian meeting after 8 a.m. boys fooling around on a sunny the 25 years that I've been at St orced and separated group meeting Mass tomorrow, UpPer Cape Ultreya most want "desperately" to work Anne's Hospital, no one has ever Monday. Bishop Stang High School afternoon in Portsmouth, R.I. but don't have the support they meeting 7:30 tonight, parish center. Among them was 13-year-old Fitzy. had to wait for a meal. They've retreat day Wednesday. Major super. "Free to Be Me," a five-week video need to get job. iors of religious congregations meetWithout much to do, the boys always been on time." cassette series by Father John Powell, "Alleviating poverty historically Although the chef not surpris- ing Feb. 27. began shying rocks at a pole close SJ, begins 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, parish center; Jim and Joanne Mar- has been, and continues to be, a ingly loves to cook, his wife Marie ST. MARY, FAIRHAVEN to a diner. When Fitzy's turn came, primary responsibility of the fedCurt Whiteway of Marshfield, VT, zelli, conductors. he missed the pole but hit the din- is queen of the home kitchen. The of Dachau and other a liberator government," said the coalieral parents of two grown children, the er's electric sign. ST. PATRICK, SOMERSET tion's statement. "Poverty, in large The damage 'came to $22.50, couple enjoy camping in their spare World War II concentration camps, will speak at I p.m. March 8, church Fellowship meeting 7 p.m. Sun- part, stems froni national and intermoney the young culprit didn't time, while Fitzy's personal avoca-' hall; admission free; all welcome. day, parish center; all welcome. Sin- national policies and macroecohave. His mother was willing to tion is furniture refinishing. gle adult group meeting 7 p.m. alterpay, but the owner of the diner ST.ANTHONYOFTHEDESERT, - nate Sundays beginning Feb. 22, nomic trends.... He never strips wood, he says, "It is important that the federal thought otherwise. He felt Fitzy FR rectory conference room. . because "it damages its natural government improve upon, not Exposition of Blessed Sa<;rament should work off the cost by doing beauty. I prefer to take my time retreat from, its previous record of noon to 6 p.m. March I, with 5 p.m. SSt PETER & PAUL, FR kitchen chores for him. Education committee meeting 7:30 developing programs, and provide and refinish a piece." He is espeholy hour, St. Sharbel Chapel. Ensued a summer of washing cially proud of a solid mahogany p.m. Monday, school. .resources adequate to address the ST. JAMES, NB pots and pans, sweeping and doing HOLY NAME, FR desk which shines as a result of his needs of the poor." Adult forum (scripture presentaother odd jobs. And the exposure Retreat renewal 7 p.m. Sunday, ministrations. tion and prayer experience) 7 p.m. According to the statement, one to restaurant life gave Fitzy the The loving care he lavishes on Feb. 25 and March II, parish center; school, with speaker Father Mark of every seven Americans lives idea he might like more of it. At his hobby, say his hospital colR. Hession, parochial vicar. information: Sister Theresa Croteau, below the official poverty line, and age 16 he became a chefs assistant SSJ, 992-7122. Installation of prayer leagues, is also reflected in his 40 percent of those people are at Stone Bridge Inn, Tiverton, work. ministers at 4 p.m. Mass tomorrow. ST. STANISLAUS, FR children. R.I., remaining there until 1959, A fund in memory of rectory "He shines too," said a friend. BLESSED SACRAMENT, I'R Archbishop Rembert Weakland housekeeper and parishioner Mary when he joined the chefs staff at Prayer meeting 7:30 tonight, small Zmuda has reached over $6,205. of Milwaukee said in a statement St. Anne's. chapel; all welcome. Youth Ministry icebreaker meeting that the welfare principles "fit neatNOTRE DAME, FR for new members grades 7 to 12 and At that time, he recalls, the late ly into the framework" of the U.S. Faith sharing evening March 6; adult vol~nteers 3 p.m. March I, Mother Pierre Marie was hospital bishops' pastoral on the economy, presenter: Father Marc Tremblay, school hall. Women's Guild scholarDURBAN, South Africa (NC) admnistrator and superior of the approved Nov. 13. parochial vicar. ' ship application deadline May I; Dominican Sisters of the Presen- - The Catholic Church will conGrammar school, high school and "The bishops termed the state of SACRED HEART, TAUNTON tation who direct St. Anne's. He tinue caring for South Africa's college parishioners are eligible; appChildren's Mass 9:30 a.m. Sunpoverty in this country a 'social remembers her as a "woman, who oppressed but will not ignore other day; children's Mass planning com- lication forms: Irma Emond, 676and moral scandal.' We called for as busy as she was, always had groups, said the new head of the mittee meets 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, 0325. a broad-based attack on poverty, time for anyone. She was always Southern African Catholic Bishops' religious educaton center. Parishionincluding a major restructuring of available if anyone needed her for Conference. "The image I have is BLESSED SACRAMENT ers will participate in a six-session welfare programs," said the archADORERS, FAIRHAVEN anything". He added that at that of a mother with a child who needs Genesis II Lenten program. bishop, who headed the drafting, Holy hour 7 p.m. Tuesday, Sacred time "St. Anne's Hospital was so particular attention for some rea-, LaSALETTE SHRINE, committee for the pastoral. Hearts Church, Fairhaven; guest small that Mother Pierre Marie son," said Bishop Wilfred Napier ATTLEBORO Sharon Daly of the USCC Dompriest: Father Joseph Martineau; of Kokstad, South Africa. "If the was able to visit each department Healing service led by Father refreshments follow, church hall; all estic Social Development Office Andre A. Patenaude, MS, 2 p.m. welcome; information: Susan Fitzevery morning before her day mother gives special care to a child helped write the welfare-reform who is sick or helpless or vulneraSunday, People's Chapel; music min- gerald,993-661O. started. She was some woman." principles as part of a team from istry led by Sister Lucille Gauvin, ST. THOMAS MORE, ble in some other way, it does not Many changes have come to the mean she loves any of her other 'OP; all welcome. 20 of the sponsoring organizations. SOMERSET hospital since 1959, among them children less." Bishop Napier, 45, At the press conference she cited O.L. VICTORY, CENTERVILLE Women's Guild nominating comthe promotion of Fitzy to head who is classified as colored (mixed principles from the bishops' pasParish Council meeting 7:30 p.m. mittee meeting 7:30 p.m.March 9, chef, a position he has held for 19 race) under South African law, is toral reflected by the coalition's Tuesday. OLV was represented at a rectory. years. recent Boys' ECHO by five team statement: removal of barriers to the first nonwhite president of the 'members and six candidates. In those years St. Anne's kit- bishops' conference, which comfull and equal employment for chen has become, more efficient prises bishops from South Africa, women and members of minority Rocks of Principle IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, and productive, with specialized Namibia, Botswana and Swaziland. groups; public assistance programs TAUNTON "E\1ery Catholic university must equipment easing and speeding to help recipients become selfInstrumental ensemble rehearsal show itself to all not only as a food preparation. sufficient through gainful employ3 p.m. ~unday. Adult education scientific workshop, but also as a Power of Faith As a result, menus are more ment; support above the poverty program 7:30 p.m. Lenten Thurs- solid rock of Christian principles, "By faith and the power of diversified, reflecting also increased level for those who cannot work days, church hall. Parishioners may' to which scientific activity can be knowledge of diverse patient nutri- Christ's redemption, evil can be becau'se of dependent children or bring canned fruit to weekend Masses anchored." - Pope John Paul II tional needs. "If the menu back defeated." - Pope John Paul II _ disability. for the Daily Bread program.

Head of hospital kitchen's an accidental chef




All are loved


20 agencies back welfare reforms

• The Anchor Friday, Feb. 20, 1987

Is an affair the ans'wer? By Dr. James and Mary Kenny

making the choice. If you say, "I got into an affair because my husDear Mary: I have been married 18 years to an alcoholic and work- band ignores me," you are rationalaholic. We have no communica- izing your behavior. When you say "it won't solve tion except small talk. Bowling once a week is our time together, anything" you are right. You do and I'm inclined to believe it is not mention that an affair may because of his friends on the league lead to destruction of your marthat he goe-s. He has no time for me riage, tremendous upset, potential or our children, 15 and 17; no time harm for your children, guilt on to take our daughter for driving your part, destruction of your partner's family and so on. If you lessons or to take me anywhere. If it weren't for the money I entertain a notion that an affair might think of leaving him. I've will meet your needs for happiness been going on one-day' trips and and intimacy, you are kidding yourplaces to eat with girls from work self. You seem to see everything in to keep from going insane. I have 'been on retreats and belong to two negative fashion. Based on your 12-step programs trying to make letter, your life could be described this way: I) You have the capabilmyself happy. But I need male companionship. ity to hold a job. 2) You have My mind has started daydreaming friends at work with whom you go about having an affair. I know it places and do things. 3) You have won't solve anything but maybe a date with your husband for bowling one night every week. 4) You 111 be happier. Don't tell me to join a church have time for spiritual growth and group. I don't have time. (Rhode reflection. 5) You have two support groups where you reflect on Island) You have written a very honest personal growth. 6) You have someletter. You also indicate that you thing which may not always seem. are about convinced that what you a blessing but which truly is: two need to be happy is an affair. You adolescent children. seem to' indicate that though "it In our book "When Marriage won't solve anything," it will alle- ' Goes Stale" (Abbey Press), we viate the sadness and loneliness. It suggest three paths to fulfillment: appears you are virtually setting I) personal fulfillment, that you yourself up to have an affair. do on your own; 2) mutual-fulfilWe,humans have great freedom. lment, the joy of an intimate relaYou can choose to have ail affair. tinship; 3) sharing a task, working , However, recognize that "you" are with others on something of impor-

tance such as raising children, running an business or advancing causes. In an ideal marriage, both partners experience fulfillment on all three levels. Unfortunately, ,few marriages are ideal and no marriage is ideal at all times. Your life is lacking in the area of human intimacy. If you sincerely wish to have a happier and r.nore fulfilling life (as opposed to having an affair), try to enhance your life in another area. If your husband won't take your daughter driving, take her yourself. You will have a precious opportunity to share not only driving, but concerns and experiences NCo photo in her life. BISHOP The "girls at work" are human , NAPIER beings with joys and concerns. Do you come across as a caring person? It is easy in dwelling on your own problems to become oblivious to those of your neighbor. Try to focus on the other people in your life. Reach out to your children, coworkers, fellow church members, the persons in your supDURBAN, South African (NC) port groups. You probably cannot - The Catholic Church will conchangeyourhusband,butyoucan tinue caring for South Africa's make yourself more caring and oppressed but will not ignore other loving, and open up many choices groups, said the new head of the for personal fulfillment. Southern African Catholic Bishops' Reader questions on family liv- Conference. ing and child care to be answered "The image I have is ofa mother in print are invited. Address The _with a child who needs particular Kennys; Box 872; St. Joseph's attention for some reason," said College; Rensselaer, Ind. 47978. Bishop Wilfred Napier of Kokstad, South Africa. "If the mother gives special care to a child who is sick or helpless or vulnerable in some other way, it does not mean she loves any of her other children A spokesman for the Depart- less." Bishop Napier, 45, is the first ment of Defense told me in 1986: "We have received and continue to nonwhite conference president. Conference members are bishops receive reports of sightings". He called the issue "one ofthe nation's from South Africa, Namibia, highest priorities." Botswana and Swaziland. It is astonishing and shameful "When I think about the chalthat we have ignored this tragedy lenge of the next three years, I for so long. As a nation we pretend hope my own background could it doesn't exist because we don't be of special use," Bishop Napier want to be reminded of the im- said. morality of the Vietnam War or' .. As a so-called 'colored' person', the atrocities that went with it. To I have lived close enough to white imagine that our soldiers are left people to know and understand there is like a sword in our hearts, their fears and insecurities about so we prefer not to acknowledge the future," he said. "At the same the mounting evidence. time I am close to the African community and have firsthand Yet if even one American is still knowledge of the pain they have alive in captivity, we must find him experienced through the rejection and bring him home. It's already they so often suffer. long past the time when paws and MIAs should have become a "Perhaps my experience,of both national priority. We should resolve sides will enable me to 'help by this agonizing situation without furbeing a mediator - I certainly ther delay. pray this will happen," he said. The bishop said the church must continue to be involved in the social life of all the people. He said that "while we will not be involved "I'm worried," he said. "You can't in the struggle for political power, drive past a 7-Eleven without pullwe cannot turn our backs on life. ing in to see what cassettes they We will have to continue our diahave on special for99 cents. You've logue with the authorities on issues developed a callus on your remote as detentions and unjust laws." control finger; you watch the 'Three Bishop Napier said his "great Stooges' in slow motion. You get love is gardening - looking after nervous and irritable when you my vegetables, fruit trees and can't fast forward through the com- flowers." mericals on regular television." However, he said he also is "Relax. It's just been something interested in mechanics because nice to do in the rainy winter several of his brothers are mechanweather." ics, "and if I hadn't learned all ..It hasn't rained for two weeks," about it, I would have been left out he claimed. "Do you know you of their conversation." , snapped your fingers at Marie this As a young' Franciscan, he premorning and told her to rewind or pared many Sunday sermons while you'd push her power-off button?" lying under his car, he said. "Really? Hey, youjust went by a Although those days are past, 7-Eleven that has a Roy Rogers he said he still enjoys visiting his cassette for 77 cents. Stop the car!" brother's garage.

Care for one child doesn't mean less love for others

POW/MIAs focus of new trivia game By Antoinette Bosco William and Kathy Shemeley of New Milford, Conn., have created the Vietnam Veterans'Trivia Game to call attention to U.S. servicemen still listed as prisoners of war or missing in action. Shemeley is a chapter chairman of the Vietnam Veterans of America, 120, and his wife is state chairwoman of the national ForgetMe-Not Association. Together they have dedicated much of their lives to the POWs an_d MIAs. They took a second mortgage on their home to raise money to produce the game. 75 percent of their profits will be donated to groups and individuals working to . secure the release of paws and MIAs. I have to admire people who believe so much in a cause. And this one is painfully important, for we truly have forgott~n these servicemen. The game has 2,477 questions, one for each of the missing men. They deal with many aspects of the war - military actions, weapons, political history a!1d the POW Issue. The Shemeleys hope the game will raise awareness of POW/ MIAs and bring the topic into the public light so we can "break the stalemate" between the United States and Southeast Asian governments, and end the final tragedy of the Vietnam War. ' They claim that the captured American soldiers have become pawns in a game of international politics. Many people don't believe that paws and MIAs are still alive in Southeast Asia. But according to . Jeffrey Donahue, Connecticut coordinator of the National League of Families of American Prisoners

and Missing in Southeast Asia, the evidence is too strong to be denied. Donahue says he is certain that Americans are being held against their will in Southeast Asia. He has been to Laos 24 times seeking his brother, whose plane went down in 1968, and other missing servicemen. The unresolved loss of his brohter haunts him. "I can't celebrate his presence or mourn his death," he says. In 1979, former Marine Pfc. Robert Garwood created a stir when he returned home after being held prisoner in Southeast Asia. He said he had seen at lea~t 70 American prisoners "with my own eyes." According to an April 24, 1985 report in The Wall Street Journal, .. A CIA expert in Laos says the - U.S. government already has a list 'of 25 or so missing Americans who are living today in, Laos:"

Her heart belongs to VCR By Hilda Young I am penciling this column on the' back of my check register standing in line at the videocassette rental store. If I hadn't gotten here early I rriight have missed my chance to rent the Army training films they have on special. If I hurry, I can watch them all and return them before my husband comes home. He claims I've been watching the VCR too much since we got it at Christmas. I admit I became a little giddy the first time I visited a rental center. Who wouldn't? There before me was every movie I'd ever wanted to see: ,"Gone With the Wind," "Mutiny on the Bounty,.... Lassie...

.'" .


"Feel good" values menace blacks, . says Bishop Lyke CLEVELAND (NC) - Poverty and the "feel good" values promoted by society threaten the black family, says Auxiliary Bishop James P. Lyke of Cleveland. While the "demise" of the black family is a "cyclical theme in American mythology," it would nevertheless be naive to ignore the fact ·that the black family is in crisis, wrote Bishop Lyke. Bishop Lyke, urban vicar for the Cleveland diocese, is qne ofthe 10 black U.S. bishops. His comments came in a pastoral reflection addressed to black Catholics of the Cleveland diocese. The bishop said the fact that a family with economic resources can help a son or daughter who has a child out of wedlock, while the poor cannot, illustrates how without assistance the poor struggle "from one crisis to another, each crisis taking its toll on human creativity and resilience, debilitating family and person." The church, he said, must fight this poverty by emphasizing education, advocacy an~ just employment. But the crisis affecting the black family is not only economic, he said. "If we adopt the individualistic, 'feel g~od' values of the larger culture, we choose to perish, for we will not be able to protect the young men and women who are the future of our people." On the other hand, if the black family stresses traditional family values of determination, creativity, ingenuity, economic cooperation, sharing and faith in God, "we will overcome," the bishop wrote. He said that all levels of church must push for family-oriented social policies. He said black- people have the tendency to absorb, sometimes uncritically, negative images of themselves, noting that frequently blacks themselves are the source of articles and comments about the black underclass, "black-on-black crime" and pregnancy among black teen-agers. "We must not degenerate into a 'blaming the victim' mentality," he wrote. The black family is the heart of black culture and has "produced the Sojourners and the Harriets, the Martins and the Malcolms., that holy train of men and women who knew and taught their children freedom ... ," wrote Bishop Lyke, referring to black leaders Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman., the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.. and Malcolm X. Bishop Lyke said society seems particularly afraid of black men and blames them for the collapse of the black family. "Black men are assaulted from all sides," ~ said, adding that when the economy provides jobs, black men take care of their families.

Doing His Will "God will give eternal life to those who patiently do his will."Rom. 2:7


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Feb. 20, 1987

THE POPE kisses the ground at Logan Airport on arrival for his first U.S. VISit In October, 1979. Behind him is the late Cardinal Humberto Medeiros of Boston. (NC photo)

The re~lIly important question

.How many frequent-flyer points? 'VATICAN CITY (NC}-When John Paul II lands in Montevideo, Uruguay, March 31, he will set a new record for papal trips. It will be the 65th country he has visited as pope.

He will break that record the ,following day when he lands in Chile, the 66th country he will visit. ',

the plane he sets a new papal-trip milestone. Several months ago, he joked to aides that he is now on his return voyage from the moon because he had surpassed in mileage Pope John Paul has traveled so the distance between Earth and much that every time he steps off moon.

Q: How much time has the pope spent outside of Italy? A: 216 days, seven hours and 35 minutes. The total number of days in his pontificate through 1986 was 2,998. Q: How many speeches has the , pope given during his trips? A: 1,128, averaging 3.7 speeches per locality visited. Q: When will this all end? A: Not in 1987. He has four trips lined up for this year: one to the South American countries of Uruguay, Chile and Argentina; another to 'West Germany; a third visit to his native Poland; and a record sixth visit to the United States.

The distance between Earth and moon is 238,857 miles. So far the pope has traveled 289,038 miles in his trips outside Italy. In the little over eight years of his pontificate, he has made 32 trips, an average of about four a year. This compares to the nine trips made by Pope Paul VI in his IS-year pontificate. Pope Paul was the first pope in 152 years to travel outside Italy. During his trips, Pope John Paul has visited 303 separate localities. He has spent about 7 percent of his pontificate outside Italy, taking advantage of fast and efficient air travel. The pope's mileage is kept track of by Jesuit-run Vatican Radio, which has broadcast live events and special reports of all his trips in 34 languages. Its statistics provide raw material for a papal trip Trivial Pursuit game. Question: Which country has the pope visited the most? Answer: The United States, five times. These were: a six-city visit to continentaL United States in October 1979; a Feb. 22-23, 1981, stop in Guam; a Feb. 26, 1981, stop in Anchorage, Alaska; a May 2,1984, stop in Fairbanks, Alaska; anq an Oct. 12, 1984, stop in Puerto Rico. Q: How many countries has the pope visited at least two times? A: Eleven: the United States, Brazil, Portugal, Poland, France, Switzerland, Spain, Dominican Republic, Ivory Coast, Zaire and Kenya. Q: How many countries has the pope visited at least three times? A: Three: the United States, Switzerland and France. ' Q: In what country has the pope stayed the longest at a single stretch? A: Brazil, for 12 days and four hours in 1980. Q: Which was the longest papal trip in distance? A: Last November's 30,413-mile vo~age to Bangladesh, Singapore, Fiji, New Zealand, Australia and the Seychelles. Q: Which trip was the longest timewise? ' A: Also last November's trip: 13 days, six hours and 15 minutes.

Committee named for Marian year VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope John Paul II has named a 21membercommittee, composed mostly of Vatican officials, to set guidelines for the forthcoming Marian year. The committee is expected to establish norms for Marian activities and for receiving indulgences and other spiritual benefits during the Marian year. Its president is Cardinal Luigi Dadaglio, head of the Apostolic Penitentiary, the Vatican office in charge of matters of conscience , and establishing rules for gaining indulgence. . On Jan. I, the pope announced a 14 month Marian year to promote Marian devotions, study of Marian theology and pilgrimages to Marian shrines. The year begins Pentecost Sunday, June 7, and will end Aug. IS, 1988, feast of Mary's bodily assumption into heaven. It will be preceded by a papal encyclical on Mary. ' The pope has called the year a ."great necessity of the church."

Vatican .;i':". view

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CRS to upgrade work in South Africa, help' blacks towards future


NEW YORK (NC) - Catholic Relief Services has decided to upgrade its currently limited role in South Africa to help the church there prepare blacks for "responsibilities that will inevitably be theirs," said CRS Africa director William Schaufele. Although welfare assistance will not be ruled out, the thrust of the increased CRS efforts will be on development, he said in an interview at the agency's New York headquarters-. His ,comments evisioned enhancement of black capacities for the 'current situation and th~ new copditions after the ari~iG­ ipated polltica~ change," .,"We' would like' to 'put the em.phasis. on development of ability of black 'comml,mities to help run their own affairs'to the extent the government permits that," S'chaufele said'. CRS plans are being,made, he said, with an expectation that the :current .system in, South Africa will not soon end. "Nobody is expecting significant change in the near future," he said. His .personal view, he said, is that the strength of the white majority witl forestall major change for 20 years or more. "They have the guns," he said.

But CRS and the South African bishops believe, he said, that "the system will inevitably change," and help should be given to the black community in preparing for that day.. Schaufele was interviewed shortly after his' return from a visit to Africa with Bishop John J. Snyder of St. 'Augustine, Fla., chairman ofthe CRS Africa committee. They had lunch with all the bishops of the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference during their meeting in Pretoria ,and met with, sevenil bishops individuaily, Schaufele said. Among the latter, he said, were·Bishop Wilfred Napier of Kokstad, South Africa, the first nori-whitepresident of the confer~', ence, and his predecessor, Archbi-: shop Denis Hurley of Durban, South Africa. "We:found considerable igno'rance about CRS, but also considerable interest in what CRS might be able to do," he'said. CRS has previously aided some black peo-. 'pie forcibly relocated from their homes in Cape Town and given small'sums for a few other projects, but conducted no planned, structured progam for the country, he said. Schaufele said raising money

for development is usually more difficult than for emergency relief, but the "unique nature" of the South African situation may help CRS secure funding for work there.

Schaufele said he and Bishop Snyiler talked to U.S. diplomats in South Africa about CRS plans, but made no attempt to check with South African government offi-


cials. So far, he said, the government has shown little reaction to activities of foreign private voluntary agencies as long as they were not overtly political.

...but Africa for Africans, say priests LUSAKA, Zambia (NC) - Two san priest and professor of moral "Already too many Western '-exItalian Catholic priests have called '.theology at St. Dominic's major perts' in Africa justify their preson Western missionaries to withseminary in Lusaka. Father Sesana °ence with the idea that without draw from Africa to help acceler- . is a member of the Comboni Mis- them everything would crumble," sionaries of the Heart of Jesus, they said. "So they adopt paternalate Africanization of the church known as the Verona Fathers, and istic ... attitudes which prevent the on the continent. The priests made their appeal in a parish priest in Lusaka. -Both people from growing." a. 187-page book, "Africa: The have been in Africa ,for seve~al While praising the early Westyears. , Gospel Belongs to Us." They also ern missionaries, Fathers Salvodi The missionaries wrote ,'that a and Sesana said SOme congregaurged ,fonnati<;>n of an African church cOl,lncil to fit pastoral plans council, which has precedents in tions are using African missions to church history, wo'uld give Afri- justify their survival. . to African culture. can bishops' conferences directions They criticized some Western The priests also questioned the religious orders and questioned for making pastoral plans. presence of European aid volunThe authors said such an,organ- teers. Most are young people who the value of Western Catholic and ization would fit with Pope Paul control large projects and are seen government voluntary agencies in VI's prediction'during his vi,sit tp by local Africans as "people gifted Africa. ~. Africa wants to live the' Gospel Uganda in ,1969 that "the African . with extraordinary power." without having to reject its pas!, its churches will become missionaries "It seems to us that the massive traditions and values," the priests to one another and thus ... enrich presence of European volunteers the universal church" ~ith a uni- is deadening the possibility of the wrote. "Africa will only be fully Christian when Christianity is fully que contribution. growth ofthe African laity, who at African. The authors said Christianity in the moment are acquiring the same The authors are Fathers Valen- Africa has remained a-lien because consciousness and the same techtino Salvodi and Renato Kizito it is laden with foreign cultural ,nical preparation as the interna-. Sesana.Father Salvodi is a dioce- values. tionaI volunteers."


THE ANCHOR-~ioceseof Fall River-Fri.; Feb. 20. 1987

"Valerie" episode confuses love, sex distinction By Henry Hen

u.s. Catholic Conference Department of Communication NEW YORK (NC) - In case you haven't been watching, television entertainment has gradually taken on the role of surrogate parent. father confessor and health adviser. Children across the land are being taught. if not the facts of life. at least what to do to avoid them. ' A case in point is the "Valerie" episode of Feb. 8. in which teenagers were urged to be "responsible" about sex. The program's concept of responsibility was the use of contraceptives. With a million teen pregnancies each year. the subject is of major concern to society. All kinds of social issues have. of course, been fair game for sitcoms ever since Archie Bunker became America's favorite bigot and Maude got an abortion. What was new about the "Valerie" episode was that it went beyond the use of current code phrases for contraception. such as "responsible" or "safe sex." Perhaps for the first time, a major network entertainment show used the word "condom" instead of a euphemistic synonym. For many, the program was objectionable. For all of its talk about responsibility, the program suggested that there was nothing wrong with premarital sex "in the right relationship." Granted that this view of sexual morality has currency among many adults today and is often reflected in prime-time television programming, its expression on a so-called family show is not going to help

youngsters clarify their ideas ab~ut their relations with the opposIte sex. The program ends on the side of the angels with the young boy deciding nol to have sex with the teenage girl who has, in effect. seduced him. It is another exaplple of last-minute morality and that in no way makes up for the damage done during the preceding half hour. Making the girl the sexual aggressor, by the way. probably added further fuel to the parents' ire. The result was a show that cheapened the concept of romance and further confused the distinction between love and sex: The program received more press attention than might otherwise been anticipated because of the present lobbying effort on the part of Planned Parenthood and similar organizations to force the networks to carry contraceptive advertising. What a Catholic parent must conclude from all this is that television is presenting youngsters with objectionable values. There is nothing particularly new about this and given the state of contemporary society. it is not a problem that will go away in any forseeable future.' The solution is the time-honored one of parents knowing what their children are watching and talking to them about what they have learned from it. When television first appeared in American homes. it was thought that it would bring families together. That didn't happen but it is more important than ever that-in Catholic homes television does become a family activity.

Judaism teaching methods discussed MIAMI (NC) - Catholic educators and Jewish leaders have begun a series of meetings aimed at developing lesson plans for teaching about Judaism and Jews in Catholic education. The aim is to develop ways to teach New Testament Scripture's that have an impact on how Catholics view Jews. The first meeting was, held in Miami and was sponsored by the Archdiocese of Miami and the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B·rith. Sister Marie Danielle Amspatcher. a School Sister of Notre Dame and associate superintendent of schools for the archdiocese, said 15 educators from schools. religious education departments. seminaries and colleges met in mid-January with Jewish leaders. including Rabbi Leon Klenicki, director of interfaith affairs for the Anti-Defamation League. The group discussed the portrayal of Jews in the Gospel of John and heard a talk by Father Elias D. Mallon Qf the Graymoor Ecumenical Institute in New York. which served as a basis for working on a lesson plan for high school students. The Miami meeting and the others to follow are "a continuing step in helping to broaden people's understanding through greater education.... Sister Amspatcher told The Voice. newspaper of the Miami Archdiocese. "I think we've come a long way in the last 20 years as greater understanding has developed" among Catholics and Jews, she added. ,.

Other meetings were to be held in St. Louis, Denv~r. Houston. Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, Boston and Brooklyn. Each is to have a different theme, with topics such as the prayers of Jesus, rabbinic concepts and the New Testament, the Holy Land at the time of Jesus and the Jewishness of Jesus. Around the United States, the project is sponsored by the AntiDefamation League. the Secretariat for Catholic-Jewish Relations of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, and the local diocese. "I think we're just raising consciousness to the fact that when we present the Jews as part of the Gospel we must recognize that Jesus and his disciples were also part of that Jewish community," Sister Amspatcher said. "Some of the negativity and sometimes even hostility that has developed over the years between Christians and Jews is the result of historical and political events and we have to be careful that we're ,not using the Bible to give support to these negative views." Rabbi Klenicki called the meetings "crucial" because by using Catholic scholarship and new research. he said. the meetings can change the presentation of how Jews are depicted in'Scripture. He said the project concerns the "close relationship of Jesus and his people and his society" and added that by the end of 1987 the lesson plans and a bibliography are to be published.


Reasons cited for rejection of alleged Bayside visions SPOKANE. Wash. (NC) - The church has good reasons when it warns Catholics to reject certain private visions such as the alleged Marian apparitions of Bayside, N.Y .• said Father Terry Grant. a Spokane priest. Even when the church declares a private vision believable. as it did with Mary's appearances to Bernadette Soubirous in - Lourdes, Fran6e. Catholics "are permitted, NC photo but not required. to believe" in DR. NATHANSON such visions, Father Grant said. When church authorities declare that alleged visions are not authentic, as they did with the claims at Bayside, then Catholics have an obligation not to build WASHINGTON (NC) - Few their faith around such claims. he Americans realize that legal abor- said. tions are performed through the Father Grant, associate pastor ninth month of pregnancy. pro- of St. Mary Parish in Spokane,"':" lifers said at the premiere of a new wrote about the Bayside apparifilm, "Eclipse of Reason."produced tions in January in the Spokane by Dr. Bernard N. Nathanson. diocesan newspaper, the Inland The film is a sequel to Nathan- Register. His commentary was son's controverial"Silent Scream," prompted by the existence of Baywhich shows the effect of a suction side followers in the diocese. abortion. The new film was shown The Bayside claims date from at a congressional screening spon- the early 1970s when Veronica sored by Sen. Gordon Humphrey. Lueken, a Catholic in the BrookR-N.H., and Reps. Chris Smith, lyn diocese, said the Blessed Virgin R-N.J., and Alan Mollohan, D- was appearing to her and giving W. Va. her messages at her parish church "Eclipse of Reason" shows a in Bayside. dilation and evacuation abortion Mrs. Lueken later set up a per- the dismemberment of an un- manent shrine to Mary in nearby born child within the uterus Flushing Meadow Park. at the site performed during the 19th or 20th of the Vatican Pavilion at the week of pregnancy, according t6 1964-65 New York World's Fair. Despite numerous statements by Nathanson. The 15 minute film "is very Bishop Francis J. Mugavero of strong, it is graphic," said Nathan- Brooklyn rejecting the visions as son, who once performed abor- inauthentic. Mrs. Lueken continues tions but now is against abortion. to attract groups of followers from He said the film has been des- many parts of the United States cribed as gory but that "regretta- and Canada, and occasionally from bly it is necessary to show such a other countries. film." Last November. because of the Smith, who introduced Nathan- wide distribution ofliterature proson and the film, said, "It's a story . moting the Bayside visions, Bishop that has to be told. Ignorance is Mugavero 'issued a new statement, not bliss." He said that medical which he sent to U.S. bishops and advances such as ultrasound pho- to bishops' conferences around the tography have "revolutionized the world, declaring that the apparimindset that an unborn baby is an tions "completely lacked autheninanimate object." ticity" and included messages "conMaura K. Quinlan, chief staff . trary to the teachings of the Cathocounsel for Americans United for lic Church." Father Grant said that belief in Life, said that while most Americans understand that abortion is a private vision or its message, legal during the first three months even if it has church approval, can of pregnancy. "few are aware that never be considered essential to in the last three months it is avail- salvation. This, he said, is because "in Christ, God has shown us able virtually on demand." She said it is "perfectly legal" for everything that we need to know in two women. both seven months order to be saved. Nothing more is . pregnant. to go to a hospital "one needed." Father Grant said that when to deliver a premature baby and one have her baby dismembered." church authorities investigate Abortion supporters downplay claims of private visions or revelaabortions performed in the final 1lIIlIIllIIllIIllIIlIIillllllllllllllllllhltlllllllllllllllllllllll! trimester. saying they account for only I percent of abortions. Ms. nancy. He estimated that about Quinlan said. "That may not sound 1.5 million abortions are performed like many;" she said. but with an each year. with 8 to 10 percent perestimated 1.3 million to 1.6 million formed in the fourth month or abortions performed each year it later. Late abortions "are twice as means that 13.000 to 16.000 are done "at a time when the unborn dangerous as childbirth," he said. Nathanson cited a study by Dr. child could survive. That's 250 to William Swartz of 700 woman 300 a week." She said 400 to 500 unintended . who had "late-gestation abortions" . live births occur each year. a fact to show that abortions are being considered a "complication" ofabor- performed in late pregnancy. The tion. The solution recommended. study was presented at a confershe added. is to perform abortions ence sponsored by Planned Parby dismemberment. enthood of San Diego and RiverNathanson cited statistics for side counties and the University of abortions performed in both the California. San Diego, School of second and third trimester of preg- Medicine. 'La Jolla.

"Silent Scream" sequel shown

tions. they engage in a process called discernment of spirits. The church's guidelines for this. he said. include resolving such questions as: - Is the private revelation consistent with Scripture and church teaching? - Does the revelation help build up the ,church community. or is it divisive? - Does it help people know more "about who God is and who we are called to be," or does it focus mainly on "the unusual and the bizarre?" - Is the alleged visionary an example of Christian life and witness, or "odd, eccentric, difficult to communicate with, and in opposition to church doctrine?" Because the alleged Bayside apparitions fail to meet such criteria and do not have approval from the local bishop. Catholics,should not support them, Father Grant said.

Military Life "Military life has its moral foundation in the demand to defend the spiritual and material goods of the national community....This defense is a prerequisite for peace and concord among nations." - Pope John Paul II

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of FalfRlvir~FrL:Feb.~O, 1987

"What's in it for us?" By Cecilia Belanger Few people seem to want a crucified Saviour. They want miraculous signs but no pain. We tend to worry so much about the crucifixion that we forget the resurrection. We also like the idea of Jesus providing food for the multitudes and healing the sick. We want to satisfy our appetites with the snap of a finger and no bills to pay. Even John caused Jesus suffering. He thought too much about his future and where he would sit when Jesus "came to power." It showed that he had not yet understood why Jesus had come into the world. Indeed, all along the disciples had been thinking of themselves. This reveals a fundamental flaw in human nature: self-seeking, selfexalting manipulation. We see it all around us: "What can I get out of this relationship?" On one occasion Peter reminded Jesus that he and his companions had left everything. to follow him

Wh,at's on your mind?

and what was there in it for them. Are we different today? The apostles heard Jesus' words, but they didn't listen. It happens to many a churchgoer. We seldom think of John as having prideful ambition, but, yes, he had that human flaw. In every institution, in, many a home and business, there are those who wish to use God for their own purposes, although they do not want God to use them for his. You wonder how Jesus ever did it - all the heartache he had to deal ' with, the aloneness, the punishment for others' sins, yet he continued to move forward to the place of execution. Human perversity was with him to the end and people are still asking "What's in it for us?" John finally became a'new man. He stood at the foot of the cross and he saw his Saviour bleed for him. Later he wrote, "If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us." Who better than John and the others knew this?


Q. What do you think about teen marriages? If the people really love

out on Saturday nights and so on; and they may wish they had waited and care for each other, does it longer before making a perman~nt matter how old they are? (Washingcommitment to a family. They may grow increasingly restton) less as they struggle with a tight A. It .would be foolish to say budget, carry out the demandthat all teen marriages will fail. I ing task of raising children and know of ~t least two instances work at loving one another in the where they hav,e worked out very midst of the daily, often monotO-: ,; , ' well, one having lasted 17 years so nous routine. All this makes 'marriage' sound far. : But many more examples could ratlier grim. Well, sometimes it is; be cited to show that it's highly and teenagers should be:well aware risky for teenagers to ,wed. ' of that before theyenter'th'is way, Too often the'relationship' is ~lik . But it is not always grim. There .~ based on an exclusively romantic' atiachm~nt:Sadly,rthis'can vanish are the,:'sunshine dayS"and the', .Qvem'ight:-. When:trouble"comes, laughter and, the good times;', the" o'lit,or b9t~'pat~ers'may f!n,d'he mutual support and the warmth of " or. she' 'does ,noVlove ,and:,care J;or a hl?,ine that, every ;human yearns ~ ;," . , .. ' tbe partnel'a-s inuch w'a's thought. f o r . . , But s~ch:happiness is grounded'" Often teenagers .do ,not know themselves as well as they thin~ on a nitty~gritty love that goes far' beyon'(j tomantic attachment. "~ ~hey do. And a~ they move int~ , The q~estion that teenagers coo.:''' , their 20s and mature more and sidering marriage must ask themmore, they may find they want to selves is "Do we really love and ~e free of the; constraints of marcare for each other with a nittyriage and family. ..' They may find themselves resent- gritty loye?" If there is any doubt at all about ~ng the way ofIife they chos~ at so young an age. To continue their the answer postpone the marriage ded\cation to their spouse and or call it off completely, and save children may require an almost 'yourself a lot of grief. heroic sacrifice. . They will see th~ir single peers Send'questions to Tom Lenn~n, , free of financial worries, free to g6 1311 Mass. Ave. N.W., Washingon expensive vacations, free to go ton, D.C. 20005. " . G



COYLE AND CASSIDY High School, Taunton, receritly welcomed Bishop Daniel A. Cronin for his annual pastoral visit. Student council officers greeting the bishop are, from left, vice-president Michael Rafferty, treasurer Kristine Cardoza and president Mark Bettencourt. The bishop celebrated Mass with area priests for the CC community and students presented him with several gifts, including a donation in his name to the Catholic Charities Appeal.


tv, movie news All-Stars announced Paul Medeiros, St. William, FR; Albert "Val" Vaillancourt, Ken Souza, St. Elizabeth, FR; associate director of the Fall River Darren Smith, SS. Peter and Paul, area Catholic Youth Organization, FR. recently released names of memMatt Olivier, Our ,Lady of bers of CYO All-Star basketball Grace, No. Westport; Dave Beauteams from Fall River who will soleil, S1. Patrick, FR; Tim Albin, compete in diocesan All-Star comSt. William, FR; Kevin Lavioe, S1. petition beginning Sunday and conAnne, FR; Rod Larue, Espirito tinuing through Thursday. A list of teams, members and Santo, FR. parishes represented, coaches and Coaches - Jim Silvia, Brian Dias, Tom Silva game schedules follows. Games will be held in Fall River's Ana- 7 p.m. Fall River vs. New Bedford wan Street CYO, Taunton Catholic 8 p.m. Presentation of awards Middle School and New Bedford's Kennedy Center. Junior Boys Junior Girls At Fall River Feb. 22 at Fall River Feb. 25 Steve Perreira, S1. Stanislaus, Julie White, St. Stanislaus, FR; FR; Carlos Couto, Espirito Santo, Tricia Angelini, S1. Stanislaus, FR; Mark Pavao, S1. Joseph, FR; FR; Ann Harrington, Holy Name, Matt Kuss, St. Joseph, FR; Cory FR; Heather Murphy, St. George, Luz, Santo Christo, FR. Westport; Stephanie Valente, Holy Steve Motta, Espirito Santo, Name, FR. FR; Kevin Cabral, Espirito Santo, Rachel Pellerin, Notre Dame, FR; Lincoln Chapman, St. Louis FR; Danielle Roussel, Notre de France, Swansea; Mike Walsh, \ Dame, FR; Kelly LaPlante, S1. S1. William, FR; Dave Macedo, George, Westport; Kimberly St. Louis de France, Swansea. Alvares, S1. George'l' Westport; Coach - Chris Borges Jodi Pavao, SS. Peter and Paul, FR. 1 p.m. Taunton vs. New Bedford Coach Karen Alvares 2 p.m. Fall River vs. Attleboro 3 p.m. Championship game ' 6:30 p.m. -Fall River vs. Taunton 4 p.m. Presentation of awards 7:30 p.m. New Bedford vs. Attleboro 8:30 p.m. Championship Game 9:30 p.m. Presentation of awards Prep Boys At Taunton Feb. 23 Billy Martins, Santo Christo, FR; Norby Martins, Santo Christo, Senior A Boys FR; Joe Couto, St. William, FR; At New Bedford Feb. 26 Kenny Bryant, St. Anne, FR; Mike Greg Taylor, Santo Christo, FR; Johnson, Notre Dame, FR. Mel Rodrigues, Espirito Santo, Ramsey Khoury, St. Anthony FR; Peter DeFusco, Our Lady of of the Desert, FR; Jeff Pereira, St. Grace, No. Westport; Mark BerJoseph, FR; Jeff Davis, S1. Wil- trand, S1. Joseph, FR;' Mike liam, FR; Pau.l Chouinaril, Notre Pontes, S1. Joseph, FR. ' Dame, FR; Jeff Perreira, S1. Clayton Walker, S1. Joseph, Anne, FR. FR; John McDonald, St. William, Coach - Tom Coute FR; Kevin Goncalo, S1. William, FR; Dan Gauthier, St. Joseph, 7 p.m. Fall River vs. Taunton , FR; Darren Wilde, Espirito Santo, 8 p.m. Presentation of awards FR. Coach Mario Rodrigues ,

Semor B Boys At New Bedford Feb. 24 Alex Camara, Espirito Santo, FR; Mike Boule, S1. William, FR;

Symbols following film reviews indicate· both general and Catholic Film Office ratings, which do not always coincide. General ratings: G-suitable for gen· eral viewing; PG·13-parental guidance strongly suggested for children under 13; PC-parental guidance suggested; R-restricted, unsuitable for children or younger teens. Catholic ratings: AI-approved ,for children and adults; A2-approved for adults and adolescents; A3-approved for .adults only; A4-separate classification (given to films not morally offensive which, however, require some analysis and explanation); O-morally offensjve.

NOTE Please check dates and times of television and radio programs against local listings, which may differ from the New York network schedules supplied to The Anchor. New Films "84 Charing Cross Road"(CoIumbia) - A New York writer and bibliophile carries on a 20-year platonic love affair with a British bookseller and his staff through an exchange ofletters. A'rme Bancroft and Anthony Hopkins star as the pen pals in this warm and intimate reminiscense of post-World War II London based on Helene Hanffs autobiographical novel. AI, PG (Rec.) "Dead of Winter" (MGM-UA) - An aspiring actress becomes the pawn in a blackmail attempt which proves fatal to her captors and to the rich woman who's the target of their extortion. ArthurPenn's unconvin~ing thriller features Mary Steenburgen in a triple role. Unnecessarily explicit violence; unsuitable for youngsters. A3, R "One Woman or Two" (Orion, Classics) - An ex-model (Sigourney Weaver) impersonates a patroness of the sciences (Dr. Ruth Westheimer) to escape a pesty ex'lover. Scientist discover the remains of a 2-million-year-old woman as

well,as the deception. The conclusion of this dizzy romantic comedy, has brief nudity in a sexual contest. A3, PG 13. "Mannequin" (Fox) - A stock boy's life changes when the mannequin he created comes to life and falls in love with him while helping to foil a villainous attempt to buyout ·the store for which he works. Andrew McCarthy and Kim Cattrall star in this romantic fantasy. Miss Cattrall, the older woman, seduces the younger, seemingly innocent McCarthy. Characterizations stressing the physical aspects of the relationship, sexual references, crude jokes and poorly executed slapstick comedy provide wrongminded role models for youngsters. A3, PG " Allan Quatermain and the Lost City of Gold" (Cannon) - A soldier offortune (Richard Chamberlain) searches for his missing brother in a treasure-filled lost city deep in the jungle. Dramatically silly; some scenes may be unsuitable for young viewers. A2, PG "Street Smart" (Cannon) - An unscrupulous Harvard-educated writer (Christopher Reeve) gets mixed up with the wrong crowd in this portrayal of brutal, funky street life. Nudity, extensive profanity and an inconclusive moral viewpoint. 0, R. Religious TV Sunday, Feb. 22, CBS - "For Our Times" - CBS News correspondent Douglas Edwards reports on the deliberations of an international conference held last October in New York City on a mutual understanding and cooperation among the diverse religious groups of Africa. Sunday, Feb. 22 (NBC) "Guideline" - Dr. Arnold Washton, noted chemical and drug abuse therapist, is interviewed about the growing problem of substance addiction in the workplace.


7 p.m. Fall River vs. New Bedford 8 p.m. Winner of Game 1 vs. Taunton 9 p.m. Presentation of awards

Masses don~t mean visions OK, he says WASHINGTON (NC) - ' visions of angels distributinR: Although Masses are allowed at ' communion, and experiencing the site of alleged ~1arian appari- ecstasies and miracles at Garations in the Spanish village of banda!. In the 1960s and 1970s after.stu~ Garabandal thllt is not an 'endor-' sement of the' claims" said the dies of the claims proved inconcluregion's bishop. ' . ' , , sive, Spanish. ~ishops advised Bishop Juan' Antonio Del Val Christians not to visit th~ village Gallo of Sa'nta'ndei- said his deci~ and banned promotion of thl; '," sion to permit priests on pilgrim- alleged apparitions. Bishop Del Val said interest if} age to celebrate ~ass at t,he .site has "no connection" with, whether, , the vision claims has died down in he believes" ,the. ,app~ritions , his diocese, but pilgrims "continue to arrive from nations throughout occurred. , ',., " "It's merely out of re,spect for the world." He declined to say whether, he . the priests that arrive, ,with ·pilgrims," he said .in a telepholJe believes the apparitions occurred. : intervi(fw. The bishop said Mas& but noted that so (ar-studies ,have has been celebrated at the site for failed to confirm them. . ' the past 15 years. ' True Solidarity Garabandal is a village in northern Spain, about 50 miles "True solidarity must always be PHILADELPHIA Cardinal John Krol and President from Santander: present wherever one finds man; in ' . . . 1987 . I of misery; ,Reagan look at proclamation deslgnatmg ',' as a nationa conditions of poverty, In 1961, four Span~sh girls,then 11 and 12 years' old; reported see- of exploitation, of injustice." ~. ' , year of thanksgiving cominenioratin~the 200th anniversarr,of ~he U.S. Consti~ution. (NCfYPI photo) ing Mary, hearing messages, having Pope JohnPaullI. ,

The Anchor Friday, Feb. 20, 1987


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Feb. 20, 1987

Interracial couple in South Africa face ·dilemrna on regis~e,ring son DURBAN, South Africa (NC) - The first interracial couple to marry after the South African gov-' ernment lifted the ban on such weddings now has a baby, and a legal dilema. Suzanne Leclerc Madlala, an American from Cumberland, R.I., and Protas Madlala, a member of South Africa's Zulu tribe, must decide how to register their son, Darius Nkululeko. Darius was born Jan. 24. His mother is white and his father is black. Both are Catholic. South African law requires that children be registered according to race. "As far as we are concerned, the only race he belongs to is the human one," Madlala said. He said he would not register

Darius as "colored," South Africa's official term for mixed race. He said he was reluctant to have the child registered as white, since he would be liable for conscription "and end up fighting our brothers." The other two official races are black or Asian. Martin Cheshes, U.S. consul general in Duraban, said the child could be registered as an American citizen because of his mother's. citizenship. , The father is chairman of the parish council at St. Wendolin's Church outside Durban. He is also the former public information officer for the Southern African Catholic Bishop's Conference. He met his wife while studying in Washington, D.C. Mrs. Madlala, 30, chose the name Darius. Madlala, 31, ~hose

Nkululeko, a Zulu name which, means "true freedom." Madlala, who works for the University, ofNatal, attended childbirth classes and took time off work to be with his wife during the final weeks of pregnancy. He broke Zulu tradition by being present during the birth. Zulu men traditionally first see their children about one week after they are born. "A child is a shared venture right from conception, and I think it's right the husband should be involved in the birth," said Madlala. "I don't believe Joseph fled when Mary went into labor." He said he plans to help with domestic chores and wash diapers - another break with custom for male Zulus.


MARYKNOLL lay missioner James Van Luik teaches chemistry at a minor seminary in Makoko, Tanzania. (NC photo)

Lay missioners "wave. of future," he says

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MARYKNOLL, N.Y. (NC) James van Luik, completing a three-year term as a Maryknolliay missioner, said he went into the program because it had a~ attraction the Peace Corps could not offer. "The Peace Corps is trying to win friends for the United States government," he said, during an interview at Maryknoll headquarters. "Maryknoll is there to make people aware of the Gospel." The 49-year-old Philadelphia native took his undergraduate degree in science, in library science, experience in university teaching, and the manual skills needed for building construction and repair to Tanzania for the Maryknoll pr·ogram. He described himself as a restless man who had gained broad international experience. working in Sweden, Turkey, Greece; Egypt, England, and' Brazil. Van Luik said that he spent his first two years in the East African country repairing churches and schools. In his final year, he taught chemistry at a minor seminary at Makoko, a town on Lake Victoria in the Diocese of Musoma. The lay missioner said the country's poverty made a deep impression on him. "Students at the seminary were ·working under difficult circumstances," he said. "They had to grow their own food, and sometimes they were carrying water from the lake when the (water) systern broke down." "Lab facilities for my chemistry class were very modest," he said. "The class had no textbook." Church schools have such a shortage of funds, van Luik said,_

that when drains breaks, they often cannot be repaired. "Getting glass to replace a broken window 'is a major understanding," he said. But Luik said the best way for the West to aid Tanzanians is to "Help them help themselves." The missionary said he metJulius Nyerere, who' was president of Tanzania from 1964 to 1985, at a Mass. Nyerere, a Catholic, invited him to his home for breakfast and became a friend. "He seemed to get tremendous strength from the Mass," vanLuik said. Nyerere said that his emphasis on socialism while leader of Tanzania may have been a mistake, according to van Luik. The economy was "the worst problem of all," he said. Nyerere "worried terribly" about the. possibility he should have handled it differently. Van Luik said Nyerere's policies, even forced collectivization, went largely unchallenged by the Catholic bishops. Because of tribal tensions, he said, confrontation tends to bring violence, which Tanzanian leaders try to avoid. "They have learned not to be confrontational," he said. So the bishops did no't challenge Nyerere - "at least not in strong terms." Though some of Maryknoll's lay missioners stay longer, van Luik came in with the intention of serving.only one term. He said he is now anticipating work with an international development agency. , He expressed satisfaction with his mission experience and recommended it for others. The lay missioner, he said, is "the wave of the future."

Prayer fO' VmatioIl5

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"God our Father, we entrust to you the young men and women of the world, with their problems,' aspirations and hopes. Look upon them with love and make them workers for peace and builders of a loving civilization. "Call them to follow Jesus, your Son. Make them understand that to give one's whole life for you and humanity is worthwhile. Grant generosity and readiness in reply.

"Listen, Lord, to our praise and our prayer also for the young peopie who, afte~ the example of Mary, mother ofthe Church, have believed in your word and are preparing for holy orders, profession of the evangelical counsels, missionary work. Help them to understand that the call which you have made to them is ever real and urgent. Amen." - Pope John Paul II


VOL.31,NO.8. Friday,February20, 1987 FALLRIVER,MASS. SoutheasternMassachusetts'LargestWeekly • $8PerYear ~; .. JIMMYandBarbara.Ryancommunica...