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VOL. 31, NO.6.

Friday, February 6, 1987


Southeastern Massachusetts' Largest Weekly

58 Per Year

Vatican seeks debt solution Bankruptcy threatens 'Third World nations VATICAN CITY (NC) - Attempts to alleviate the Third World foreign debt crisis have been "insufficient and limited," requiring bold new measures such as erasing some of the debt of poorer countries, said a major Vatican document. "Respect the insolvent debtor and do not burden him with immediate and intolerable demands which he cannot meet," it added, referring to the inability of many countries to meet their loan repayments. Current repayment conditions are placing many debtor countries on "the very brink of bankruptcy," causing unacceptable 'ec.onomic hardships on their populations, it said. "The development of the debtor countries and, at times, their very independence are endangered," the document said. The 5,000-word document, titled "At the Service of the Human Community: An Ethical Approach to the International Dt<bt Question," was issued Jan. 27 by the Pontifical Justice and Peace Commission. The document listed suggestions generally sympathetic tei Third World concerns and asked that an ease in debt burden be accompanied by programs to stimulate economic growth in underdeveloped countries. Industrialized countries and lending institutions should redraft repayment programs to allow deb-

tor countries to meet payments without sacrificing basic domestic needs, it added. Debtor nations, the World Bank and other international agencies note that interest payments alone are huge burdens. Annual interest paid by 107 developing countries is around $50 billion, according to the World Bank. The Vatican document's sllggestions include lowering of interest rates, extending loan repayments over longer periods and an end to protectionist trade measures in industrialized countries. Commercial banks lending money to Third World countries should remember that the needs of their Third World debtors "are often more urgent" than those of their depositors, the document said. The document also told developing countries to clamp down on corruption and reexamine national priorities so that less money is spent on weapons and other projects which do not stimulate economic growth. Debtor countri"es must not take unilateral action to avoid repayments but should reach negotiated solutions with their creditors "to avoid payment defaults which could destabilize the international financial system," the Vatican document said. . The inability of many Third World countries to repay their foreign debt is a threat to world Turn to Page Six

A MAJOR VATICAN document asks restructuring of Third World foreign debts with the aim of improving the lot of workers such as this Haitian sugarcane harvester. (NCj KN A photo)

Education secretary bullish on Catholic schools WASHINGTON (NC) - U.S. Education Secretary William J. Bennett has outlined Education Department plans that touch the . future of Catholic schools, especially the futures of poor and dis- . advantaged students in those schools. In an interview with National Catholic News Service in conjuction with Catholic Schools Week, Bennett said, "We hope to touch the future of education generally by building on what works, what we know is effective" and incorporating that into the department's proposal for the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

"Catholic Schools Touch the Future" is the theme of the 1987 celebration. Bennett, a Catholic, attended Catholic elementary and high schools. Bennett said his department is "seeking to change the shape" of the remedial aid program, known as Chapter I of the education act, .to "reward success, make schools more accountable and encourage greater parental choice and involvement." His department is still trying to solve problems created by a 1985 Supreme Court ruling that public school teachers may not teach remedial classes on parochial school property. In the year and a half

since the decision school districts have provided various alternative locations but many parochial


.' •..... . ...•. . .

THE"SECOND section of this weeR's Anchor is a Catholic Schools Supplement, including pictures and stories from every Catholic school in the Fall River diocese. Read it and be proud!

school students are not taking part in the remedial programs they are legally entitled to receive. Unlike Bennett's previous proposal, which would have given a voucher to any parent of a Chapter I student, the new proposal is restr,icted to local public school districts. The new Chapter I proposal has "got more teeth in it. It's got a stick, it's got more carrots," Bennett said. The Education Department plans to present its reauthorization proposal this month and Bennett said he believes the coalition between public and private education "is in . pretty good shape."

He sees an "interest in greater accountability, greater success that is pretty brO,ad and bipartisan." Bennett said he has even had "encouraging discussions on [Capitol) Hill with people with whom we have had strong disagreements in the past. So I'm relatively optimistic. We've done our homework ...we'll put our case forward in February." Bennett's office has repeatedly emphasized drug prevention programs for young people and the education secretary said Catholic students are not exempt from drug problems. Turn to Page 13


The Anch6r' Friday, Feb. 6, 1987

Candor, privacy clash

Suicide poses hard problem for media WASHINGTON (NC) - Members of the news media must constantly ask themselves tough questions about decisions to show violence and death, a moral theologian said after a public official's suicide received wide press coverage. Pennsylvania treasurer R. Budd Dwyer, who had been convicted of fraud, shot himself at a Jan. 22 press conference in Harrisburg with television cameras and tape recorders rolling. Some local television stations showed footage of Dwyer shooting himseif. Father Robert Friday, a moral theologian in the religion department at The Catholic University of America in Washington, said in an interview that two television news programs he saw showed what happened before Dwyer shot himself and after but not the suicide itself. "From what I saw, they probably were justified for depicting as far as they did," he said, adding, "I would have reacted strongly"ifthe actual suicide had been shown. The news media must constantly ask questions about their role, according to Father Friday. 'Why do I want to do this?' 'What values does it show?' If the motive "is simply profit'" it is unethical, he said. "People have a right to know but there are other values" that sometimes counterweigh that right, the theologian said. Freedom of speech "is not an absolute" and "some things we can do we shouldn't do." Producers and editors also must always be aware that "another person may be moved to do the same thing" when they see commit suicide or exhibit vio. lent behavior, he said. The assassination of John Kennedy and the fighting during the Vietnam War are examples of events that should be shown despite the violence, according to Father Friday. . In those cases, he said, it is a matter of saying "we will even do this evil, in a sense, to show what is more important." Father Friday said that years ago pictures of dead people were not shown in the news, but said that "we do tend to desensitize people to the values of life and dignity by the excessive violence on television."

THE DAY BEFORE she was to begin a 179-day jail sentence for transporting illegal aliens, sanctuary worker Stacey Lynn Merkt addressed a prayer service at Holy Cross Church, Dallas. (NC photo)

Sanctuary worker faces jail sentence with pride

DALLAS (NC) - The day beIn the future, she said, she will fore she began serving a 179-day teach her child "there is right and prison sentence, convicted sanctu- there is wrong, justice and injusary worker Stacey Merkt told sup- tice. I will explain how things are porters she felt honored to be part and how they should be." ofthe movement offering refuge to During the prayer service, supthose fleeing turmoil in Central porters praised her for her courage. Father Tim Gollob, pastor of America. She spoke to about 45 suppor- Holy Cross Parish, said, "When ters who gathered at Holy Cross we [Holy Cross Parish] declared Parish in Dallas Jan. 28 to offer sanctuary two years ago, we wondered who would be the first to go her encouragemen~ and to pr~y. Ms. Merkt, a volunteer at Casa to prison. John [Mrs. Merkt's husOscar Romero in San Benito, Tex- band) and Stacey are leading the " .as, who was convicted in 1985 of way. Ms. Merkt's husband, John conspiring to transport illegal aliens, began serving her sentence at Blatz, is an attorney for Proyecto the federal correctional institute in Libertad, an agency in Texas that works to obtain legal status for Fort Worth Jan. 29. Central American refugees. In a separate conviction in 1984, One by one people rose to offer Ms. Merkt received a 90-day sus- words of comfort. One sanctuary pended jail sentence and two years worker told Ms. Merkt, "If you probation for illegally transport- are guilty, then so am I." ing Salvadoran refugees. A young Salvadoran refugee sang Casa Romero is a shelter for a song he had written for the occaCentral American refugees spon-. sion that spoke of the trouble and The Family Life Ministry of the sored by the Diocese of Browns- turmoil in his homeland. diocese of Fall River will sponsor ville. An elderly Salvadoran man caua forum for separated and divorced at the service, Ms. tioned her, "It will be a long haul. people from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Merkt said she was strengthened Do not lose courage." tomorrow at S1. Francis Xavier Thanking supporters, Ms. Merkt by the support she had received. School, 223 Main St., Acushnet. "Community," she said, "is the gift said, "There was a time. when I felt With the theme "If today you we give each other. We are called alone, but now I know I don't go hear his voice," Fathe~ William to take stands in life and to help alone." Murphy of Graymoor, N.Y. will . Ms.. Merkt and her husband one another. I feel honored to be a give the keynote address. stood facing each other and holdpart of this." . Two morning talks, one on ing hands while they were encircled Although her case is still being "Single Parenting," the other on by the group for the concluding ..路.路Sexuality Through Our Christian appealed, Ms. M.erkt, who is three prayer. months pregnant, decided to begin Framework," will be followed by Her attorney, Lisa Brodyaga, afternoon presentations on. serving her sentence so that she said she plans to ask for reduction would not be separated from her ,"Church Annulments" and "Disof Ms. Merkt's sentence, adding covering Who You are - Before, baby at a future date. The baby is that the case will be appealed to due approximately one week after During and After." the U.S. Supreme Court. her sentence is to be completed. Additional information is Jack Elder, former director of Mrs. Merkt conceded she was .Casa Romero who also was conavailable by calling 999-6420. Walk-in registrations will be "quite worried about going to pri- victed in 1985, was sentenced to son and being pregnant." welcomed. 150 days in a halfway house.

Separated/divorced forum tomorrow

WASHINGTON(NC)-American Catholics have a "complex of Watergate," expecting candor in disciplinary matters, but church authorities prefer priva'cy for the individual under investigation, said Archbishop Pio Laghi, papal pronuncio to the United States. The archbishop, in an interview published in The New York Times Jan. 30, discussed the tensions between the Vatican and some members of the U.S. church over issues such as relieving Archbishop Raymond Hunthausen ofSe.attle of duties in specific areas. Those tensions often obscure the vitality of the Catholic Church in the United States, said Archbishop Laghi, who is the Vatican ambassador t.o the United States. Ar~hbishop Hunthausen announced in September that the Vatican had directed him to relinquish power in key administrative areas to Auxiliary Bishop Donald Wuerl. In cases like that of Archbishop Hunthausen, American Catholics, because of their Watergate complex, think things should be ?ut. in the-open, Archbishop Laghl said. "When something is behind the door, there is the impression that something is wrong." But the Vatican believes in sensitivity toward the privacy of the person being investigated a~d in a "principle of charity," he said. He said the Vatican, in a report released through the Vatican Embassy in October, revealed its side of the Hunthausen case only because some U.S. bishops urged it to do so and complained that Archbishop Hunthausen was being punished without clear knowledge of the charges against him.

Medjugorje still under study B,y NC News Service The Yugoslavian bishops' conference is forming a new commission to study reported Marian apparitions in the country, a statement by two bishops said. At the request of the Vatican Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the commission willf carry out "further explorations" 0 events at Medjugorje, a village in western Yugoslavia where the apparitions have been reported since 1981, the statement said. An earlier commission appointed by Bishop Pavao Zanic of MostarDuvno, the diocese that includes Medjugorje, finished its work last year and forwarded its findings to the doctrinal congregation. The congregation has asked a new commission on a national level to continue a study of the authenticity. The statement reiterated that until the church makes ajudgment on the apparitions' authenticity, church organizations should not make official pilgrimages to Medjugorje. The d~ctrinal congregation made a similar request in 1985. The apparitions to six. young people reportedly began in a field outside the town and later moved to a smali chapel in St. James Church in Medjugorje. According to supporters, the young people see, hear and touch Mary d1,1ring regular Visions in the chapel. Some have said the youths have been. given secret "messages"foretelling world events.

At the time, Archbishop Hunthausen said his own understanding of the facts "differs significantly" from Archbishop Laghi's document. The pronuncio cited the need to respect thos~ who testify in such investigations. "We cannot expose," he said. "In defending itself, the Holy See would have offended somebody." Nonetheless, he said, the controversy was instructive. "I am learning, also," he told The Times. He suggested that in dealing with tensions, "we have to make a distinction between what is proce'durerand what is the substance of an issue." "Our procedure, canon law procedure, does not match American procedure," he said. "But we cannot follow the procedure of a given country if we'want to be a universal church." However, he said, he has a "duty to convey to Rome the kind of expectations ofan open democratic system" that many American bish,ops want in the church. He also said the Vatican knows that many of Archbishop Hunthausen's opponents come from such conservative movements as Catholics United for the Faith but that these groups "absolutely" did not hold undue influence. The church itself in the United States is a "very dynamic; very young, very vibrant church" with a higher rate of church attendance than many other nations, strong support for Catholic ed ucation and great generosity, but these good points are often overlooked, he said. "In St. Peter's square, you feel the silence and the mystery," he continued, "but if a piece of marble falls down it makes a lot of noise. Why do you emphasize this piece of travertine falling down and not one hundred columns standing up?" Discussing the diplomatic aspects of his job, he noted that sometimes the U.S. government and the Vatican differ, as, for instance, on the matters of economic sanctions against Poland or the Third World debt problem. The Vatican disagreed with the sanctions because it feared the measures would only make life more difficult for the average Pole, he said. As for the debt issue, he said, "if a [poor) country has to use all its revenue to pay its debt, it will \ never d eve Iop. "



Diocese of Fall River -

Fri., Feb. 6,1987


Reject wars, pope says VATICAN CITY (NC) - The destructive power of modern weapons requires nations to make "the most radical rejection possible of war as a means to resolve conf1icts," Pope John Paul 11 said in a recent speech to diplomats accre-


dited to the' Vatican. "More and more, war seems to be the most barbarous and the most inefficent means of resolving conflicts between two countries or of conquering the future of one's own country," he added.

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DOMINICAN SISTERS Donna Brunell (left) and Elizabeth Menard at ribbon-cutting ceremony.

Dominican Sisters open development office The Dominican Sister ofSt. Catherine of Siena, whose motherhouse is in Fall River, where they operate Dominican Academy and the Dominican Creativity Center, have opened a development office at St. Bernadette Convent, New Haven. A ribbon-cutting ceremony'and prayer se~vice markt;d. the eve!lt, attended by administrators and a few members of the community at large. Sister Elizabeth Menard,

Little things " inean.'a lot

. A.ppeal,~i~~.~ff .. ·'Apr~1 . 22' .-"


To inaugurate the 1987 Catholic' Charities Appeal, Bishop Daniel A. Cronin has announced a kickoff meeting, open to al1, at 8 p.m April 22 at Fall River's Bishop Connolly High School. This year's appeal is the Fal1 River diocese's 46th. Its diocesan director is Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes. Bishop Cronin emphasized that in al1 the years the diocese has conducted the col1ection, it "has had a genuine care and concern for human life. " "46 years ofreaching out to the needy of Southeastern Massachusetts, regardless of race, creed or color, have been rendered," said the bishop: "Greater enthusiasm, . support and generosity in this year's Catholic Charities Appeal should be generated in order to meet the increased' needs of our benefici~ aries." Msgr. Gomes said that "more caring, sharing and giving are necessary this year. Those who are able to give· will contribute with increased generosity to meet the needs of the thousands the appeal helps." The theme of this year's appeal is "People Helping People! Won't You?" A special gift phase will be held from April 20 to May 2; a parish phase from May 3 to13.

Real Charity "Real charity doesn't care if it's tax deductible or not." Dan Bennett


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O.P., prioress general of the congregation, cut the ribbon. Other sisters were represented through prayer and memorial contributions given to help defray expenses of opening the office.


Dear Editor: Would it be possible to have this poem put in The Anchor? It is from my older son who sends me little things like this once in a while. I am in my 90th year and these little things mean so much to me. Maybe you know my Russell. He had the Professional Pharmacy on Second Street. Well, now he is in heaven. The good Lord seems to have a place for him, and I know he watches over me. My Mother Once very long ago a woman met a man And once long ago their love began. . Then after 'a while God made them one; They loved and prayed and . they had a son. '. And' as time went by they then had another, .' Then itWasn't too long those sons had a'brother.' While under the bridge there' flowed a lot of water;: God'answered their'wish and they had a daughter. Tht;n time stepped in arid the years flew by; . There were up's and downs and even time:to cry. Yes! It's a long, 'long time' fro'm May to December, Though the Woman is alone, there is much to remember. God, has been good and he has kept her sound, , And with his help, she'll still be around, Not just for five - not just for ten, But only when he is ready to say AMEN. Mrs. Lillian Ouellette Fall River

Sister Donna Brunell, O.P., director of development, plans to raise funds to help meet needs of retired sisters and to subsidize community ministries. Over the years, members of the community have served primarily in eastern Massachusetts, northern New York, New Haven and Canada. Their works include teaching, pastoral counseling, hospital, parish and campus ministry and the Creativity Genter.

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THE ANCHOR - DioceSe of Fall River - Fri., Feb. 6, 1987 "

themoorin~ The Catholic Teacher 'As we take special note of Catholic education in this week's Anchor, it seems appropriate to share some thoughts in reference to the teacher in a Catholic school. The life of a teacher is challenging, demanding and immensely satisfying. Transmitting the deepest convictions and values of society, one must say, even at the risk of being trite, that he or she touches eternity. Involvement in the development of youth is an awesome task. Devoted teachers can arouse in their students a thirst for wisdom and truth. They can lead them to knowledge of other cultures and peoples and to the search for their own hetitage. For teachers in a Catholic school there are also tasks that are intimately connected with the teacher's own baptism and personal commitment to faith. Catholic teachers, indeed, share in the very mission of the Church. Contrary to what some theorists say, the teacher in a Catholic school must accept the responsibility of leading his or her pupils more fully into the mystery of Christ and the living tradition of the Church. In today's secular society, this would be considered by some educators as absurd. Perhaps even in some Catholic schools in the late sixtieli and early seventies, this dimension of the teacher's role would have been ignored. This is not the case today. Times have changed and so have the demands of a school sponsored by the Church and established as a Catholic institution by mandate of the local ordinary. . Let's be very explicit and clearly state that an educational institution separated from the mind ofthe Church has no right to be considered per se a Catholic school, college or university. Nowadays, of course, most of a Catholic school's faculty is drawn from the ranks ofthe laity; and in their case as in that of the religious of the past, their impact upon their students, especially in the area of faith, will depend on the vitality of their own Catholic life and the motives, attitudes and principles which shape their behavior. I

In these days, when the church community is ever conscious of academic rights and freedoms, it is imperative that a special commitment should accompany a person's free choice to teach in a Catholic school, thus sharing in the Church's mandate to teach. By the teacher in a Catholic school the Church should not be viewed merely as an employer. Catholic teachers should share the vision that the Church is the body -of Christ in history, carrying out the divine mission of Jesus himself. In this light, it is very important that each teacher should work in harmony with others in the Church in furthering the cause of Catholic ed ucation. One who has this attitude will not become a cause of division and separation. There is so much to do in Catholic education, especially in this land where our church schools are so horribly treated by a secular society that would on the grounds of separation of church and state obliterate the basic constitutional freedoms and rights of parents and siblings. It's not easy to keep our schools going in face of this heavyhanded attit~ Nor is it easy for teachers to sacrifice, as they must if they are to share in the mis.sion of Catholic schools. We pray for all presently involved in this blessed work that the Divine Teacher will fill them with wisdom and truth. At the same tillie, we remind all supporters of our schools that the contributic:m of our teachers can never be underestimated. The Editor'


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NC/UPI photo


"The .eyes of all hope in thee." Ps. 144:15

Economy overhaul sought VATICAN CITY (NC) .- The Vatican's Third World foreign debt statement goes beyond asking borrowers and lenders to drastically . reorganize their financial relationships. It also advocates a major overhaul of world economic structures so that they are more favorable to the needs of underdeveloped countries, The thesis is that sustained economic growth in underdeveloped countries is the best long-term way for debtors to meet their obligations and to prevent future crises. Primary responsibility for this overhaul is placed on the developed countries because their actions and decisions have greater clout in the world economy. "Has the time not come for the industrialized countries to draw up a broad plan of cooperation and assistance for the developing countries?" asks the document, issued Jan. 27 by the PontifiCal Justice and Peace Commission. "Is it not imperative to start working on a new system of aid from the industrialized countries to the less prosperous ones?" it adds. The document calls fora reform of financial and monetary practices, an end to protectionist tariff policies against Third World exports by industrialized countries and greater policy input by debtor countries in the International Monetary Fund. The IMF is a major lending institution to Third World countries having debt repayment problems. "The interest rates charged by industrialized countries are high and make reimbursement very difficult for the debtor countries," the document says.

"A coordinlltion of the industrialized countries' financial and monetary policies will make it possible to bring these rates down to a more reasonable level," it adds. Cardinal Paulo Evaristo Arns of Sao Paulo, Brazil, has called high interest rates one of the main causes of the current debt crisis, in which many countries cannot meet scheduled payments.

gations. But to qualify, borrower countries usually must accept a series of terms affecting their d.omestic economy. These often include a currency devaluation, cuts in public spending, limiting government social programs and subsidies on basic commodities, and wage controls. Many 1M F decisions "have been "ill-received by the leaders and the general public of countries in difficulty," it says.

Most developing countries could pay their foreign debts if interest "The decisions in question may were forgiven, he said prior to the release of the Vatican document. • seem to have been imposed in an The cardinal said the principal on authoritarian and technocratic way Brazil's estimated $107 billion debt . without due consideration for urgent social requirements," it adds. is only $20 billion. The Vatican document asks in-

dustri~lized countries "to do away

with the prott;ctionist measures which hinder exports from the developing countries. This will increase the economic possibilities of those countries."

"It would be advisable to bring out clearly that dialogue and the service of all concerned are values which guide the acti09s taken by the IMF," says·the document.

The document also asks Third World countries to change some of their practices if they are to Critics of protectionist poiicies seriously improve their economies. say they keep Third World goods from lucrative markets by making It criticizes high public spending them economically uncQmpetitive, on arms and other non-productive preventing debtor countries from endeavors, corruption, unequitearning hard currency needed to able tax systems, uncontrolled inflarepay their foreign debt and to tion and unemployment. finance domestic development pro. Yet much of the Third World grams. finds its problems " evolutions in the international envirRegarding the IMF, the Vatican onment which depend to a great document notes that it has a negaextent on the actions and decisions. tive image in much of the Third of the developed countries," says World. It says the IMF should the document. debtor counconsult more with "The debt of the developing tries in developing lending policies countries must be placed in a broadwhich do not cause domestic hard- er context of economic, political ships.. and technological relations which The IMF provides loans for point to an increased interdependcountries in financial difficulties ence between countries, as well as because they cannot meet debt to the need for international colrepayments or other foreign obli- laboration," it says.

Hidden victims I called my friend EIlie, whose husband is in the last stages of cancer, and asked how she was doing. "What do you mean?" she replied quie~ly. "I mean how are you domg. I know Tom isn't doing well, but how about you? Do you want to go out? ,Need to talk? Get away? Need to laugh?" There was a long pause and a tearful reply. "You're the first person in a month to ask hoW I am," she said. "Do you have any idea what that means to me?" -- ~Let's go shopping, "I said. Later, as we sat together over coffee, we talked about her life. "You know," she said, "when somebody gets cancer the whole family gets cancer. W~'re different now-closerin some ways,further apart in others. With Tom dying it seems selfish to think about myself but sometimes I want to scream, "I'm here, too." , Ellie is one of the hidden victims of cancer and so are her children and Tom's parents. With his diagnosis their lives changed instantly, both individually and as a family. Each had to take on new roles and facades. From wife and mother to' nurse, manager, and potential widow Ellie has had to juggle role ch~nges while attempting to ke.ep up an optimistic pretense wIth Tom, an understanding guidance

with the children, a daughterly compassion with Tom~s parents, and a preparation for the future as an employee and single parent: She's suffering from phySical and emotional overload, "There are days,"she said, "when I don't want to get out of bed; days when I want to run away; days when I don't want to go to the hospital ever again; days that I beg God to take Tom and get this over with; days that I live in terror of his death." She wiped her eyes."lsn't it awful, to be talking like this? Feeling sorry for myself when Tom is in so much pain?" We talked for nearly three hours. We weht through the "if-onlys." If only Tom had gone to the doctor earlier. If only Tom's parents weren't so depressed. If only she had established a career for herself before all this happened. And we went through the "maybes." Maybe the kids would emerge without emotional scars; maybe she should sell the house; maybe she should look for work before Tom's death. At the end of the afternoon she told me she felt better than she had in a long time. But I was em.otionally drained just listening to her thoughts, fears, and hopes. It ~as a relief to come home to dirty socks on the couch and I didn't even scold.



Yet it was something I could d.o. So often we feel helpless when friends experience tragedy and we say, "Is there anything I can do?" There is. The spouses, children, and parents of cancer victims of suffering, too. They need to vent, to share, to get away, to be angry without judgment. Dr. Marilyn T. Oberst of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center explains, "Learning to live with cancer is clearly no easy task. Learning to live with someone else's cancer may be even more difficult, precisely because no one recognizes just how hard it really

Diocese of Fall River -

New-style penance is hard

Fri., Feb. 6, 1987





Q. Going to confession has become very difficult as far as I am concerned. Above all, I still want Q. My daughter is divorced from to go to confession anonymously. her first husband and separated I don't want the priest to know from her second husband. who I am. But I don't think my She would like to come back to pastor handles this right, moving the church but is afraid that she in and out of the room with peocannot come back as a regular parple, etc. (Iowa). ishioner and be allowed to receive A. People from several states complain about the difficulty they the sacraments. I tried to assure her that this is possible. Am I corhave using the new format of the rect? (Florida). Rite of Penance. I continue to A. From what you tell me noreceive questions from readers athing in her present situation prebout ,this. So, while I have disvents her full participation in the cussed this before, it apparently is sacraments as a member of the is. " ground that needs to be covered church. It is estimated that one out of again. The only problem would arise four families will eventually be First, a priest who refuses to touched by cancer. Add up the respect the anonymity of penitents should she contemplate another marriage. If this seems at all a children, spouses, and parents and who obviously desire it in their likely possibility some time in the we find millions of suffering hidconfession unjustly violates a seriden victims. ous and clear right of Catholic future I strongly suggest she talk with her parish priest about ·it , We may not be able to help the people. . victims but we can help the hidden Regardless of the priest's per- now. victims by asking how they are, by sonal feelings about what is better A free brochure explaining Cathin this or in any other matter, he getting them away from h~me ~nd olic regulations about membership hospital occasionally, by hstemng never has a right, whether by edict in the Masons is available by sendto them, and by being God's presor intimidation, to impose his feeling a stamped self-addressed enveence at a time they need it badly. ings on others in contradiction to lope to Father Dietzen, Holy Trinoptions the church legitimately o.fity chulch, 704 N. Main St., Bloomfers. This is particularly true m ington, Ill. 61701. Questions for matters of relating to the reception this column should be sent to By , of the sacraments. Father Dietzen at the same address. It may require time, money and planning to provide appropriate death. Do we also fear poverty and, FATHER space for face-to-face reception'of despise those who remind us of it? the sacrament of penance accordNEW YORK (NC) - This year EUGENE Do we believe there is real poving to the new rite. Priests do have church bodies are supporting a erty in this country as well as other a responsibility, however, to pro- record number of stockholder countries? Do we believe that peoHEMRICK vide such space as soon as the par- proxy resolutions challenging polpie go to bed hungry? Do we ish is reasonably able to do so. By icies and practices', of Amen~an , believe that many cases of poverty far the majority of parishes have business. According to ~ compJiaare the result of political and other already done so. tion of resolutions submitted for kinds of selfish exploitation? So how do we start to. study the But the church's instructions for action at 1987 stockholder meetI believe there is hostility toward bishop's pastoral on the economy? ministering and receiving the' sac- ings, 165 resolutions have been the poor. They are a reminder of Perhaps it would be good to come rament of penance provide, that filed with 122 companies. dark side of life. :To touch that together to discuss our true feel- the penitent should have the opporThey mail)ly reflect increased darkness, to go beyond the cogniings about the plight of the poor. tunity to go to confession face to efforts to get companies to end or tive understanding of it and to face or anonymously whenever he modify oper~tipnsin South Africa. develop .real feelings about it is or'she wishes. But resolutions also challenge hostile to our desire for the bright I hope you will try as gently and , ~ompanies on manufacture .?f side of life and our yearning for honestly as YQU can to let yo;ur· nuclear weapons and oth'er mllCamelot: " , MIAMI (NC) ~ Two C~han- , priest know your feelings so this 'itary,equipment, fair employment born' U:S, bishops haVe denounced sacrament can be the helpful ~~d for Catholics in Northern Ireland, wnat ~hey c,alled the "il),di,scrimi- heating ~xperience'our Lord mea~t , discrimination in u..S. l~bor pracnate" arid ,"indefinite" impris(;:mit to b e . ' tices, infant formula marketing men1- of Cuhan prison~rs in U:S. , , Q,' My husband reCe'ntfy bap- and .other iss·ues. ' federal penitentiaries. Auxiliary tizedour non-Catholicfriends'ba.,',': . ,;.. February 9 Bishop ,Agust'in' Rome 'of ,Miami by, without their knowledge. the; Vocation Mystery' 1963, Rt., Rev.. John J. l(elly, andAuxiliary Bishop Enrique San Shpuld I tell t~em?(Florida)., ."T'he' word of God re'veals to us Pas~or, SS. Peter' & Paul, ,Fall , Pedr'o:ofGalveston-Houston urged " A. What IS needed here is a River 1 '. . , , that Cubans,. imprisoned in, tht; greate'runae~'standing'cif what the a mysiery' which:'hasbeen mani1985 Rev. Vincent R; Dolbec, t.i~itedStates l~be given the, opporsacrament of baptism is. Appar~ fested in, the life of humanity. :A A.A., Assumption College ,. ~unity'to'behe~~~ 9,? ~n .i,~~ivi~~al ently your husband has a' some-' decisive eve,nt!has taken PlaCe!:~he 1972, Rev. Peter'J.' McK'one, basis by the competent J\ldl9al what superstitious or magical under- Lord, Jes~s, th~ lamb l?f qo~, as S.J., Bishop Connolly High S~1iool; ~ffice,rs'.;' They,said such: proce~ standing of the ~acrament~. But he" offere~ hlmse.lffo~~he salvatlqn of Fall River " dures ,w9uld pu.t an, end/'tl? .the is not alone, as ihis is another area the \\,~rld. ~r0":l that ~oment a inhumane situaiioQ of uncertamty , ',' February 10 .' in which' I continue to receive' new hIstory has begun, and the ,,' 1.966 Rev. Edward L. O',Brien; and indefinite incarceration,:' The questions from readers. ,. church of J~S?S,.b.~ the po~er, of recently-i~suedsta'~ement referie~; St. Ma~y" Mim~f1eld .: " , In this case, your husband surely th~ Holy SPlTl~, IS called-1o. brmg ,1983, ~ev.,Lucjen A" Madore, to approximately' 1,800. Cubans acted agajnst t~e rights of the par- thiS proclamatIOn of salvation to Retired Chaplain of Mt. St. Joseph imprisoned s'iJice theiJ:' arriva~ ,in ents and the child. A child shoiJld all peoples, to ~he pa~ts School Fall River, Director, Notre the United States in 1980 beca,use not be baptized in such situation .' o.f the earth. !tIS a dem~ndmg mlsof'previous .cri~inal record~. ' Dame Cemetery, 'Fall River" unless th~ parents agree and intend, slOn; entrusted to the hU~ble perto raise the child as a Christian. sons of the apostles, then .succesFebruary!1 . IIlliIlIlIllIlIIllIlIlIllIllIllUIIIIIIIIIIIIII;;illllllllllllll,lIIl1, Even tfien they should b~ directed sors and 'fello~-workers, taken 1'961, Rev. John J: Sullivan, to a priest or another 'Christ~an from ,ever~ nation, ce~tury after S:t.L., Pastor, Holy Rosary, Fall minister for the proper prepara- century, With th~ promise that no THE ANCHOR (USPS-S4S-020),, Secono River ' '. ' Postage Paid it Fall River, Mass, tion performance and recording ,earthly power Will ever be able to 19'10, Rev. John O'Connell Class Published weekly except the week of July 4 of the baptism. ' interrupt it." - Pope John Paul II Founder, St. John Evangelist, and the week after Christmas at 410 Highdo not see what good will come I Attleboro land Avenue', Fall River, Mass. 02720 by from your telling the parents now. the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall February 12 You might wish to inform them, if, River. Subscripiion price by niail. postpaid 1961, Rev. Stanislaus B. Albert, $8,00 per year. Postmasters send address in the future, they plan to have the GOD'S HOlDS SS.CC., Monastery of Sacred changes to The Anchor, P.O, Box 7, Fall baby baptized. Hard feelings may River. MA 02722. , Hearts, Fairhaven result if you tell them now.

Feelings on poor In a recent column I invited readers to write me about any . h h h d insights they mig t ave a on how to make the U.S bishops' November 1986 pastoral letter on the U.S. economy and Catholic social teaching more. effective at the grassroots level. A women from Palos Heights, Ill., wrote and said: "I think that what we are fighting is not merely complacency but real 'hostility to the poor. I think we all find it hard to admit this." , Reflecting on this idea and my own teaching experience I feel the' woman has put her finger on something. Some time ago I taught a twoday seminar to a dioc.esan staffon the findipgs of our rC!search on church mini'stries. A,fter giving the staffho\lrs of statistics I was infor~ed)th~t the gr,o'up~as'tlred of discussing J)umbers,and needed to be stirred up. During tne breaK I devised ·strategy.'J; I started by saying we had sperit most of ou'r time discussin'g;ideas, that the day so far had,been helldy and cogl\itive. The Jasked how they really felt about,certaill.issues. They were to' ,gi,!~ their gut (e,elings. An, explosion resulte<J,-in which I heard of fears, anger, doubts and hurts. The..t:eal issue was how they felt Ilbo:utthe issue~. I learned that before giving any statistics' these feelings need ,to come to tQe surface and be resolved. This leads me t6 ask readers to consider how they feel about the poor. How many of us feel that if poor people just made more of an effort they wouldn't be poor? Is there a real hostility toward them? Do we feel that the poor are lazy and a drag on society? Many of us have a fear of death and don't want to be reminded of

Churches use clout

Imprisonment ills



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THE ANCHQR - Diocese ofFall'River - Fri., Feb, 6, 1987

Vatican document, economy pastoral share thrust WASHINGTON (NC) - In many ways, the V .S. bishops' economy pastoral last November anticipated a report on the international debt crisis issued Jan. 27 by the Vatican's Pontifical Justice and Peace Commission. And the Vatican document in turn reinforces the conclusions of the bishops' letter. Both documents see the growing Third World debt as a major crisis of global proportions. Both reject purely economic solutions, insisting that alI proposals must also be subjected to careful moral scrutiny as well. Both demand that the needs of the poor be given special attention in decisions aimed at easing the crisis. Both present essentialIy the same factual analysis of the situation, its causes, the main actors in the drama and their re,spective roles in resolving the crisis. The main thrust of the solutions the two documents present is essentially the same. These include: - For the poorest countries which lack basic resources to repay their loans: lower interest rates, extensions on repayment, or in some cases partial or even total cancellation of the debt. - For developing nations with resources but an' overwhelming 1111I111I11I11I1111I11I11I111I11I11I11I11I11I11I11I1111I11I11I11I11I11

ments and other non-productive projects and unemployment, it said. "It is often tempting to shift full responsibility to other countries, in order to avoid having to explain THERE ARE many points of similarity between the Vatican document on Third World their own actions, errors and even debt and the U.S. bishops' economy pastoral, among them that the needs of the poor, such as abuses," the document said. these children at a feeding station in West Bengal, India, be given priority attention. (NC/ KNA "Improved growth rates will photo) , make it possible to meet foreign debt commitments (capital and interest) gradualIy and in a better way," it said. "Ina preface to the document, "This debt remission, however, immediate investment returns," it Continued from Page One Cardinal Etchegaray traced some must not undermine the financial, said. . of the reasons for the current Third political and economic stability, economic and political credibility Banks have a duty to protect the World debt crisis to the early 1970s said the document. of the 'less advanced' countries or money of their depositors, the docuwhen countries saw foreign investDuring the past few years, Pope put a stop to new flows of capital ment said. ment as a major ingredient for John Paul II often has calIed the from banks,"it said. "These duties, however, are not economic growth. Third World foreign debt crisis a This "led developing countries hindrance to world peace, but this Besides restructuring loans, de- the only ones and must be compatto look for capital and commercial was the first time the Vatican has veloped countries were asked to ible with respect for their debtors banksto offer credits for financial issued a detailed statement sug- adopt policies which ~stimulate whose needs are often more urinvestments, sometimes at high gesting concrete ways of overcom- Third World exports and economic gent," it said.. Other document suggestions in- risk," he said. ing the problem. growth.. clude: At the time "the prices for raw "The industrialized countries Vatican officials saiithe docu- A reform of financial and materials were favorable and, the have to do away'with the protecment resulted from numerous calIs monetary institutions. majority of' the debtor nations tionist measures which hinder exby Third World bishops, especially - The setting up of coordinat- remained solvent," he said. in Brazil, that the church issue a ports from the developing coun- ing structures "to foresee, prevent , This changed with a series of major statement on the problem tries," it said, even if this means and attenuate" similar crises in the, new world economic factors, espeinitial 'problems for their econ- future. ' because of its harmful impact on cially the oil crises of the mid and omies~' vast Third World populations. - Greater coresponsibility be- late 197Qs when oil prices skyrockThe document also criticized Brazil has a foreign debt of$107 tween creditors and debtors in eted, the cardinal said. billion, the highest in the Third trade and economic competition solving debt crises. "The first and second oil crises among industrialized countries at World. - Involvement of multinationaJ of 1974 and 1979, the falI in the companies in repayment plans be- price of raw matedals and the At a press conference Jan. 27, the expense of poor countries. "The current technical and eco- cause their policies influence the abundance of petrodollars in search French Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, president of the Pontifical . nomic competition under ~ay be- flow of capital into and out of dev- of profitable investments, as well loping countries. Justice and Peace Commission, tween countries and, above all, as the effects of overlY ambitious "Multinational companies are development programs, contribestimated the foreign debt of Third between the industrialized ones involved in international flows of uted to the massive indebtedness World countries at $1 trillion, with themselves, is without restraint and the major debtors being Latin is assuming the shape of a ruthless capital under the form of pro- of many developing countries," he war in no way concerned about the duction-oriented investments and added. American nations. Many causes of the crisis are harsh effects on the weaker coun- the repatriation of capital," said "Industrialized countries were external factors beyond Third tries," it said. the document. "Their economic taking protectionist measures, World control such as fluctuating Commercial banks lending mon- and financial policies therefore have while worldwide, interest rates were monetary exchange rates, falling ey to the Third World are asked to a negative or positive influence on going up. Debtor countries became world prices for raw materials and develop a policy "which transcends the balance of payments." increasingly incapable of meeting high interest rates, said the docu- the ordinary criteria of profitabilThe document calls on Third even the interest on 'their debt," he ment. ity and secuI'ity for capital inWorld countries to cure the domes- said. "Creditor states will need to pay vested." tic causes of their economic ills. "Many countries are no longer speCial attention to the poorest Banks should reschedule debt These include "tax fraud, cor- in a position to honor their agreecountries. In certain cases they repayments, revise interest rates ruption, currency spe,culation, na- ments, and find themselves forced should convert the loans to grants," and finance "projects on the basis tional capital reserve drain, kick- to seek further loans" resulting in it said. of their impact on growth in prefbacks in international contracts;" the development of a vicious cirGrants do not have to be repaid. erence to 'safer',projects with more heavy public spending on arma- cle" the cardinal said.

Vatican seeks debt solution

debt burden: restructuring of debt, interest reductions, debt extension, redirection of investments toward programs to improve the lives of the poor. - Reform of international financial and monetary institutions to soften the harsh impact that global economic shifts often have on poor nations. - Gradual elimination oftrade barriers that restrict the competitive access of developing nations to world markets. - For richer nations, a larger share in the burden of austerity needed to reverse the debt crisis. - Shifting of economic resources from military spending to investment in needed human services and economic development. - Development of international policies and programs in an atmosphere of dialogue and coresponsibility, in which the poorer nations have a real voice in the economic decisions that affect them. There are significant differences between the two documents as well, but they are due mainly to language, structure and audience rather than basic thrust. The bishops' economic pastoral is about seven times as long as the 8,000-word Vatican document, but the V.S. letter is devoted to a whole range of both domestic and global issues, with most of its focus in the domestic economy. The bishops' treatment of international debt, as only one of five subtopics within the relatively small section on the V.S. economic role abroad, is considerably shorter than the treatment given by the Vatican in a study devoted totally to the debt issue. The Vatican document tries equally to address alI parties that are or should be involved in the debt crisis, while the V.S. document, written for an American audience, focuses mainly on V.S. responsibilities. The Vatican document, for example, in talking about "equitable sharing" of the costs of recovery, says simply, "It is the responsibility of the countries that are better off to assume a larger share." The V.S. letter says the same thing but zeroes in on'the V.S. role: "N 0 other nation's economic power yet matches ours ... A country as large, rich, and powerful as ours has a moral obligation to lead in helping to reduce poverty in the Third World." As the V.8'. bishops were developing their economic pastoral, some critics accused them of moving beyond their competence as religious leaders in trying to address complex economic problems. Other episcopal conferences around the world face the same kind of criticism when they try to confront the moral dimensions of difficult social issues. The new Vatican document is instructive in this regard. "In these new ethical domains," it says, "the church is called upon to specify the requirements of social justice and solidarity with respect to the situations of individual countries, seen within an international context." The Vatican statement also said that "religious leaders" are among those who have "responsibility for forming public opinion to international openness and to the duties of extended solidarity" in sharing world resources justly.

The Anchor Friday, Feb. 6, 1987

A w~rd t.o. the bishops from Father Dulles NEW YORK (NC) - The Catholic bishops should move more cautiously than they have recently when speaking out on contemporary issues, but they have a legitimate teaching role, Jesuit Father Avery Dulles told an ecumenical seminar. The priest, a theology professor at The Catholic University of America, Washington, presented a paper and participated in discussions Jan. 24 at an ecumenical seminar on "The Ordering of Our Life, Temporal and Eternal." "Although I have reservations' about the wisdom of certain policy statements that have been issued by the United States episcopal conference in recent years, I do not hold that the bishops should be . confined to speaking in airy generalities," Father Dulles said. The church, he said, has not only the task of proclaiming the Gospel, but of helping its members respond to it by putting the words of Christ into practice. Nonetheless, there are "grounds for caution," Father Dulles said, questioning whether the bishops' "enormous investment of time and energy" in the peace and economics pastorals showed the right ordering of priorities. "The impression is given that the bishops are more at ease in criticizing the performance of secular governments than in shouldering their own responsibilities in the church," he said. "Few of the American bishops today enjoy a great reputation for their mastery of theology, liturgy ',or spiritual direction; yet many of them are known for their view.s on politics and the economy," he added. Father Dulles said recent episcopal teaching appealed to "sociopolitical analysis" but neglected the ultimate - "eschatological" reference to eternal life. "It is scarcely surprising if a church which abases itself before politics and military science suffers' a serious decline in conversions and in priestly and religious vocations," he said. The highly technical discussions in the peace and economics pastorals also raised "suspicions" of bishops exceeding their competence, Father Dulles said. "When questioned by journalists shortly after issuing their peace pastoral," he said, "a number of bishops admitted that they did not really understand certain recommendations contained in their own letter."

NC photo


3 L.A. bishops

Father Dulles questioned whether the policy recommendations in the pastorals' were really derived from the Catholic religious principles set forth. "This seems hardly to be so," lie said, "since many of the bishops' policy positions are acceptable to a large number of nonreligious iiberals but not to many traditionally oriented Catholics." "Although the bishops' are far from excommunicating persons who gainsay their policy statements, a Catholic who wishes to take a different stand than the national hierarchy will inevitably feel somewhat alienated from, or marginalized in, the church," Father Dulles said. Noting that the bishops allowed church members to adopt divergent views on their recommendations, he said "factionalism" was encouraged by the toleration of dissent. "The spirit of criticism and dissent thus unleashed can scarcely be prevented from spreading to strictly religious matters in which the bishops have unquestionable authority in the church," he said. At times, he said, the bishops may find it useful to illustrate how their principles on such issues as the economy would apply concretely. He added that even those who reject specific recommendations in their economic pastoral could see them as "valuable illustrations of ho.w a Christian might propose to bring the economy into closer conformity with Catholic social teaching," he said. Furthermore, when explaining their teaching, "the authorities might have reasons for pointing out that certain applications are so obvious that no room is left for reasonable disagreement among properly instructed Christians," he FINDING A new home for this 15-foot crucifix proved said. "Whatever may have been true in the past, it seems undeni- no trouble at all for a Cambridge man, onceThe Pilot, Boston .able that institutions such as slav- . archdiocesan newspaper, came to his aid. (NCj Sister Rita ery and torture are no longer accept- Murray photo) able." Social teaching can ~lso be justified, Father Dulles said, by the need to facilitate "united action" in cases such as the Filipino bishops denouncing "irregularities" in their nation's February 1986 presidenpreferred to donate the cross to a BOSTON (NC) - A Massatial election. school or religious order that would chusetts man who set to give away appreciate it more than a no~颅 a giant crucifix that he discovered Catholic like himself. in the yard of his new home found Although he thought the .cross . BOSTON (NC) - Father John路 the task simple. "very pretty," Sakakeeny didn't When he mov.ed into his newly A. Abruzzese of Boston has been quite know what to do with it, appointed to the Vatican secreta- purchased house in Cambridge last riat for the world Synod of Bishops, year, Gil Sakakeeny discovered it although he said, "I'm hoping that whoever takes the crucifix would where he will be responsible for had come with a l5-foot wooden bless my property here and' the crucifix mounted in a pine-shaded English-language communications. I'm doing." He was in the . work corner of the backyard, left by the路 Father Abruzzese, most recently of renovating his 3D-room middle previous owners, a group of Columparochial vicar of St. Anthony new acquisition. ban Fathers. parish, Boston, was ordained in After the article was published, In his search for a new home for June 1974. He received a docto"the response was incredible," Sakathe crucifix, he called The Pilot, rate in sacred theology from the . University ofSt. Thomas Aquinas archdiocesan newspaper of Boston. keeny said. "I'm still on a high . Responding to a Nov. 28 story from it." in Rome, where he later taught He said he was amazed that the about Sakakeeny's crucifix, more theology as a visiting professor. than 75 pilot readers offered,it a crucifix attracted so much atten4,000 a Day new home. Calls and letters came tion. "There were many' people from as far away as Florida, Wis- blessing me and thanking me for "This nation cannot continue my generosity," he said. "The letconsin and Canada. turning a blind eye and deaf ear to ters I received were so sincere and the taking of some 4,000 unborn Sakakeeny gave the crucifix to children's lives every day. That's one of the first callers: Father very moving. "They say when you give someone every 21 seconds. We cannot Joseph Kierce, pastor of St. Kevpretend that America is preserving in's Church, Dorchester. Father thing away, you get more in return, and I believe it," Sakakeeny said. her first and highest ideal, the Kierce is familiar to Anchor readbeliefthat each life is sacred, when ers as a frequent leader of spiritual we've permitted the deaths of 15 pilgrimages. million helpless innocents since Amazing Grace the Roe vs. Wade decision." "Where sin abounded, grace did In an interview last November President Ronald Reagan with The Pilot, Sakakeeny said he more abound." - Rom. 5:20

The Pilot finds new home for Cambridge crucifix

Priest appointee


WASHINGTON (NC) - Three auxiliary bishops have been named to Archbishop Roger M. Mahony of Los Angeles. They are J osephite Father Carl Fisher, pastor of St. Francis Xavier Church in Baltimore, II th black bishop and third Josephite bishop in the United States; Msgr. Armando Ochoa, pastor, of Sacred Heart parish in Los Angeles, the 19th Hispanic bishop; and Father G. Patrick Ziemann, vice rector and dean of studies at Our J...ady Queen of Angeles Seminary, Mission Hills, Calif.





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yields to continued pressure WASHINGTON (NC) - It doesn't pay to be quiet when dealing with the Kremlin, those working for the release of Soviet Jewish dissidents agree. The long-awaited arrival of Soviet Jewish dissident Inna Meiman in Washington Jan. 19 shows that dogged congressional lobbying of the Kremlin proves fruitful, they said. Permission to travel to the West was granted the ailing Mrs. Meiman after "a long battle" entailing congressional visits to Soviet officials and embassy personnel, a hunger strike by a U.S. Catholic friend, and constant pleas for her release in the Congressional Record, said Pamela Huey, an aide to Sen. Paul Simon, D-Ill. The Congressional Record is an official document of congressional proceedings published daily. "Why the Soviets do what they do continues to be unclear to us," said Mrs. Huey. "We do knowpublic pressure makes a difference. It doesn't pay to be quiet." Members of Congress and their staffs have discovered there are no clear-cut procedures to follow to achieve the release of Soviet dissidents, said Mrs. Huey. Jerry 'Strober, spokesman for the National Conference on Soviet Jewry based in New York, agreed. it is likely that congressional lobbying influenced the Soviets' decision to allow Mrs. Meiman to travel. "While it's hard to objectively gauge it, there's no doubt that the force of American public opinion has helped the plight of Soviet Jewry," Strober said.

INNA MElMAN is pushed through Washington's Dulles International Airport by Andrea Hart, daughter of former Colorado Sen. Gary Hart. Mrs: Meiman was en route to the Lombar.di Cancer Research Center of Georgetown University for treatment. (NCj UPI photo) task of his organization is to urge them to lobby on behalf of Soviet Jews when they have this chance, he said.

treatment is tempered by the realization that she's "gone halfway around the world on a wing and a prayer."

He said the fact that members of Congress lobby on behalf of dissidents shows the Soviets that "a Mrs. Hueysaid Simon has insertMrs. Meiman, now critically ill, cross section of political and reli- ed three- and four-paragraph pleas would have had a much greater gious groups in this country are all on their behalf in the Congres- chance ·for recovery had she been interested in the same thing sional Record every day since last allowed to travel three years ago, getting Soviet Jews permission to March. "He says Soviets are very she said. emigrate." _ Calling the Soviet decision "half aware of what's in the CongresMrs. Meiman, who was granted sional Record." a gesture," Miss Paul said '.'cona one-year travel visa, was to begin sidering Mrs. Meiman's weakened Washington resident Lisa Paul, cancer treatment immediately at who completed a 25-day fast on condition it's unbelievable they Georgetown University Hospital. Mrs. Meiman's behalf Jan. 7, has didn't allow her husband to travel with her." In her opinion "on basic She had undergone numerous can- been working with Simon and human issues like this the Soviets cer operations in the Soviet Union, other members of Congress. but was told the treatment she don't lose anything by allowing Miss Paul met Mrs. Meiman needed is only available in the when she worked as a nanny in some freedom." Russia from 1980-82. Mrs.. MeiWest. A recent college graduate who She had been trying to obtain a man was her language tutor. majored in Russian studies, Miss Paul, a 25-year-old U.S. Miss visa since 1982. Paul said Soviet President MikHer husband, Naum Meiman, Catholic from Appleton, Wis., athail Gorbachev's highly publicized tributed the Soviet decision to 75, who is ill with heart problems moves toward "liberalization" are and prostate cancer, was denied release Mrs. Meiman to "constant little more than "showcase chanpressure" by individual citizens permission to leave Russia. His ges." petition has been repeatedly refused and members of Congress. "I'm not impressed," she said. In April, 1986, Miss Paul particbecause of the classified nature of . "I'll be impressed when I see a sign mathematical work he did 30 years ipated in a Washihgton press conthat there are changes in the numat which Simon, former ference ago, according to the National Rep. Tim Wirth, D-Colo., former bers of Soviet Jews seeking to Conference on Soviet Jewry. Sen. Gary Hart, D-Colo., and Rep. emigrate." Since 1974 Meiman has been According to the National Coninvolved in the Soviet human rights Gerry Sikorski, D-Minn., anmovement and was an active par- nounced they would introduce a ference on Soviet Jewry, there are ticipant in the now-disbanded Hel- joint resolution in Congress cal- 380,000 Soviet Jews who have ling on the Soviet Union to give' taken the first steps to apply for sinki Monitoring Committee. "People in the U.S. Congress immediate approval to exit visas emigration to Israel. Of those, the organization classifies 11,000 as . and in legislatures and parliaments for the Meimans. In an interview Jan. 21, Miss "long-time refuseniks," who have in the West usually have the opportunity to speak to their peers in Paul said her joy at seeing Mrs. applied in the past and been turned other countries," Strober said. One Meiman allowed to seek medical down.

Rights march like liturgy, says N.Y. Bishop Moore CUMMING, Ga. (NC) -"Like being baptized or experiencing a nice liturgical service" is how Auxiliary Bishop Emerson J. Moore of New York described participating in the Jan. 24 civil rights march through Forsyth County, Ga. An estimated 20,000 people marched to Cumming, in the Atlanta Archdiocese, in response to an attack the previous week by 400 Ku Klux Klansmen and supporters who threw bottles, rocks and mud at about 75 participants in an interracial brotherhood march. Bishop Moore, 48, vicar of Harlem and of black community development in the New York archdiocese, said the march was "like a nostalgia trip b$lck to the '60s for a lot of people." Rohnwyn Rogers, director of the Office for Black Catholic of the Atlanta Archdiocese, said that she had anticipated more confrontation but found the conflicts neutralized by the presence of National Guardsmen and law enforcement officers who kept the two groups apart. She said she was heartened by the numbers of people waving and cheering as they approached the county. "They were all white, and they were, in their own way, greeting us to the town," Ms. Rogers said. When Bishop Moore,. Ms. Rogers and others returned to their car, they found a 6-inch slash in one tire. Two young black men helped the bishop change the tire and when he offered to pay they refused. "Just pray for me," he said one man told him. Dominican Sister June Racicot, who has lived and worked in Forsyth County for II years, described the week before the march as "very, very tense." "I don't think the majority of the people in the county feel the way those people do on the hill," she said, referring to the counterdemonstrators. Many of the people opposing the marchers are young men who "don't finish school, they don't have education, they don't have much experience of the world," said Sister Racicot. Often they marry young and then find it difficult to support their families, she said. "I think the only way they can prove their manhood is like this." , Sister Racicot, who runs The Place, a self-help center for rural

poor, said she plans to host workshops on racism. The march was endo'rsed by Msgr. John McDonough, vicar general of Atlanta, on behalf of Archbishop Thomas J. Donnellan. About 150 priests, nuns and lay people marched under the banner of the Southeast Center for Justice, led by Glenmary Father Jerry Conroy. The ecumenical group is sponsored by 14 religious communities. Jim Leeds, who was there with his wife, Sally, and several other parishioners from St. Thomas Aquinas, Alpharetta, Ga., said the hatred he witnessed brought tears to his eyes. But then, he said, two girls who had been watching from the embankment came down and asked the marchers if they could join them. Leeds said he came to Forsyth County because "it was a case

where what happened the week before, in my mind,just could not be tolerated. I just felt you have to do things from the heart. To me it was just a small handful of whites, whose whole life revolves around hatred and I just wanted to stand up and say 'they don't represent me.'" Mimi D'Entrement, a Catholic high school student from north Georgia, said she decided to come to the march when she found some of her friends were on the other side of the issue. "~y best friend's mom told her if I went, she would never let me see her again. But my best friend agrees with me," she said. "I think all people are created equal and that people who are trying to put others down are just trying to make themselves feel more secure about their situation. It's very unfair. "


Diocese of Fall River -

Fri., Feb. 6, 1987


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ROME (NC) - The Vatican is establishing a center of spiritual formation for ex-seminarians of dissident Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre's Society of St. Pius X, two French bishops have said. The initiative, described as' a "halfway house" for would-be priests, was the idea of Pope John Paul II, several sources said. It was designed to take advantage of a recent large-scale departure from Archbishop Lefebvre's seminary in Econe, Switzerland Overseeing the center is a commission including representatives from the Vatican's education, clergy and doctrinal congregati0rts, according to Bishop Michel Saud-

reau of Le Havre, who spoke to reporters Jan, 22. Those who complete the program and want to become priests would then consult with their bishops. About a dozen men are expected to begin the program in coming weeks. The center's spiritual director is Carmelite Father Philip Boyce, a professor of spirituality at Rome's Teresianum Institute.

f()r it was born last summer, when some 20 seminarians, most of them French, departed Econe following strong sermons against the pope by Archbishop Lefebvre. The 81-year-old French archbishop has rejected the teachings of the Second Vatican Council and has continued to ordain priests against Vatican orders. He was suspended from his priestly ministry in 1976.

Father Boyce said most of those expected to participate in the proThe French bishops, when they gram are from Econe. He also said heard of the defections, made their it is "in theory" open to those from own plans to welcome the exother seminaries of the Society of seminarians and to evaluate their St. Pius X, located in Italy, the cases individually. But at the same United States, West Germany and time, Vatican officials were formuArgentina. He did not say when lating the idea of a spiritual center the center would open, The idea . overseen by the Holy See.







THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River.-Fri., Feb. 6, 1987

$1 + million to 'Fairfield mathematics at the university for FAIRFIELD, Conn. (NC) The brother of a retired Fairfield . 25 years until he retired in 1979. Father Eiardi said his brother University professor willed $ I.I was the eldest child and "practimillion to the Jesuit-run university cally supported us, so he never had to endow a scholarship fund. an opportunity to attend an engiThe fund was established from neering school during the day.... the estate of Dominic R. Eiardi, who left the bequest in honor of Instead he studied nights for 16 his brother, Jesuit Father Anthony years." Eiardi was an engineer for J. Eiardi. Father Eiardi taught 40 years for the DuPont Corp.



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An uncontrollable son By Dr. James and Mary Kenny Dear Dr. Kenny: My 19-year· old son has a serious problem with alcohol and we don't know what to do. Last week he was drunk when he came home. Then when we tried to pour hi.s vodka down the sink, he pulled a loaded shotgun on my husband. The gun went off while they were wrestling and almost killed his little brother. I called the police and they came and took him to jail. Now I really feel terrible. The prosecutor has charged him. with public intoxication and wants to send him to a long-term (six-month) treatment program for drug and alcohol rehabilitation. He has already been to three 21-to-30-day programs and has run away from two of them. I don't want to see my son in jail or restrained in an institution. I know we cannot control him at home. He keeps a liquor supply in his room and drinks at least a fifth per day. He also has equipmentfor marijuana and is always' smoking pot. His dad and I have told him to stop but he won't mind us. However, I am afraid that if we let the charges stand, and he messes '

up in the long-term treatment program, he may go to prison. I just want our son to be all right. What can we do? (Indiana) A. If ever there was a strong case for Toughlove you have just presente~ it. Good parenting has three essentials: providing life's necessities, nurture and discipline. You need help on the third task. Drinking under age 21 in Indiana is illegal. Smoking pot at any age is illegal. Out of reluctance to confront your son, yo.u have allowed him to keep liquor and pot in his room. That cannot be. This is your house. Get it out. The essence of good discipline is effectiveness. You must achieve results. You are long past the lecture stage. You have every right to go into his room and remove the illegal alcohol and pot. Your reluctance to confront your son makes you an ·"enabler." By providing room and board, and by permitting his illegal and dangerous habits to continue in your home, you are "enabling" his substance abuse. This must stop if your son is to have any chance for a prod~ctive adult life. An excellent form of discipline

for teens is to have to face the consequences of their behavior. Your son must face the charges. Frankly, "public intoxication" is much milder than "assault"or "attempted murder," which might also be pressed. Further, it sounds as though you have a good prosecutor, one who would prefer to force your son into treatment rather than see him spend time injail. Go along with your prosecutor. Your son defini tely needs a long- . term treatment program for substance abuse. He has failed the shorter programs. He is drinking and smoking enough to kill someone else. You cannot protect hiin any longer from the consequences of his behavior. Nor do you want to, not if you truly love your son. Seek help for yourselves from a good· addictions counselor and from AlAnon. . Learn to stop enabling. By going along with your prosecutor, you will be taking your first step away from enabling. Reader questions on family living and child care to be answered in print are invited. Address The Kennys, Box 872, St. Joseph's College, Rensselaer, Ind. 47978.

The -unchanging meaning of priesthood By Antoinette Bosco

we were because we didn't question otherwise. I enjoyed the During the recent holiday sea- memory of that security born of son I had the unexpected pleasure innocence. But 40 years ago was 40 of watching a late-night movie I' years ago. Since then we've grown hadn't seen in some 40 years, a lot, and we can't erase- what "Going My Way," with Bing we've learned. The Second VatiCro'sby, Barry Fitzgerald and Rise. can Council had to happen. We Stevens. live in a different world now. It brought me back to where I Few things in life are harder to was as a Catholic teenager, accept than change in cherished remembering the impact of the institutions. The church is in a difmovie at the time. It was all we ficult situation now, as priests talked about. Hollywood had leave, women's religious orders noticed what it meant to be a fade and conflicts intensify. But Catholic and we were noticed as facts are facts, and we have to face good people. them. Yet though our simple, unquesIt showed what a priest really tioning faith is a thing of the past, was in our eyes - gentle,. human, there is something very basic about caring and wise. With Bing Crosby in th~ role, he could not only sing but even make choir boys out of juvenile delinquents. Then the old "girlfriend," played by Rise Stevens, came on the scene, By Hilda Young wanting to know why she hadn't heard from him. The moment she, I should have been suspicious saw his Roman collar, there was about my husband before we were instant awe and respect, as she married when I noticed that he understood the noble course he called an electrician for advice on had chosen. There was no anger, changing a light bulb. no psychological analysis, ho Mother warned me. She pulled attempt to seduce him and not the me aside one night before a date slightest hint of a possibility of a and whispered: "Have you noticed? sexual relationship with "Chuck." He calls the nutcracker a pliers That late-night movie was a real and always turns the door handle nostalgia trip for me, slipping back the wrong way?" "Isn't it cute?" I said, having no a few moments into "the golden idea what she. was getting at. age of Catholicism." Back in those "I wouldn't let that guy touch days everything was in order. We felt safe and proud in our cer- my plumbing," she said. Now I know what she meant. I tainty. I sat for a little while in have come to learn there are two front of the television, thinking kinds of husbands: one who crawls "Wouldn't it be nice?" under the counter to fix a leaky .Instead, reality oftoday's church sink and does; and one who crawls entails conflict - felt most acutely under the counter and spends 45 in the cases of Seattle's Archbi- minutes making sure there are no shop Raymond Hunthausen and spiders. Father Charles Curran. It is eviAs a matter of fact, the neighdent in the fierce arguments over bors started a betting pool the last celibacy, birth control and the role time he said he would fix the of women, and perhaps its most bathroom shower. We kept them worrisome result is that so many up-to-date when we visited to borof our young people have drifted row water and use their bathroom. away. I knew we were in trouble the Back in the I940s we knew who third day when I overheard him

being a Catholic that ~~asn't changed. The most important message of "Going My Way" remains true today, that the·priest is a witness to love and that love is catching. In the movie, Father O'Malley truly loved the old pastor who was retiring, the young girl in trouble and his boys. His God-given love was pure and honest, with no strings attached; by sharing it; he demonstrated its miraculous power. No matter how much changes in the church's structure or rules, the underlying message of what it means to be a priest will never change. The set-aside, ordained person will always be God's witness to love on earth.

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call our insurance agent about flood coverage, then saw him disappear into the basement with two cans of Play-Doh and our nutcrackers. To say my spouse is not handy is like saying George Shliltz is no stand-up cOl1)edian. The Ace hardware man as my witness, I have seen my husband assemble a child's bicycle that was later mistaken for modern art. Last weekend he attempted an "easy to assemble" precut bookcase. "How's it going?" I called to him after about an hour of grunting and banging noises. "They claim all you need are a hammer and a screwdriver," he puffed. "But so far I've used a knife, hacksaw, vise grips and all my wrenches. I might have to call Harry the handyman." I checked it out. "But it's still in the box." "No wisecracks," he said menacingly. "This thing is hermetically sealed in space-age plastic. It coulq withstand a drop of several miles from an airplane." I did not have the heart to show him where it said, "Cut along this line to open."

PUBLICITY CHAIRMEN are asked to submit news items for this column' to 11Ie Anchor. P.O. Box 7. Fall River. 02722.. Name of city' or town should be included, as well as full dates of all activities. Please send news of future rather . than past events. Note: We do not carry news of fundralsinll activities such as bingos, whlsts, dances, suppers and bazaars. We are happy to carry notices of spiritual I'rogram~, club meetings, youth projects and similar nonprofit activities. Fundralslng praJects may be advertised at our regular rates, I obtainable from The Anchor business office, telephone 675·715l. On Steerln~ Points Items FR Indicates Fall River, NB indicates New B~dford.

DOMINICAN LAITY, FR St. Rose of Lima chapter holy hour and meeting 2 p.m. Feb. 8. Dominican Academy. 37 Park St.• Fall River. ST. STANISLA US, FR A fund in memory of rectory housekeeper and parishioner Mary Zmuda has raised over $4.700; proceeds wiIl be used for Lenten sanctuary appointments. ST. MARY,NB Parish Boy a~d Girl Scout leaders meeting 7 p.m. Feb. 9, 498 Loftus St. The parish thanks Joe CampbeIl. Ernie Hachey and Rod Lussier for keeping parish entrances and paths free of snow; "We should never take essential services for granted." notes the parish bulletin. Bishop Daniel A. Cronin will be principal celebrant and homilist at II :30 a.m. Mass June 7. and will bless the site of the new parish church. F AMILY LIFE CENTER, NO. DARTMOUTH Retreat for religious Feb. 16 to Feb. 20. Engaged Encounter begins Feb. 13. BLESSED SACRAMENT, FR The parish thanks the Auger family for their gift of a rebuilt p,ulpit in memory of Simone Auger. . I

IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, TAUNTON Volunteers are needed to help parish youth plan social activities; information: Father Joh'n J. Steakem. pastor, 824-8794. SS. PETER AND PAUL, FR Parish co'uncil meetiqg 7 p.m. Feb. 10. ST. MARY, FAIRHAVEN . Sacred Hearts Association meeting following 7 o'clock Mass tonight. ST. LOUIS de FRANCE, SWANSEA Shut-in parishioners who wishto receive weekly communion visits may contact Robert Normandin. 6760029.

D of I, NB New Bedford Daughters of Isabella meeting 7:30 p.m. Feb. 17. VFW Hall. Park Street. ST. JULIE, NO. DARTMOUTH A parish census is underway; those not on the parish mailing list are asked to call the rectory. 993-235 I. Prayer meetings 7:30 p.m. Mondays. , church hall. BLUE ARMY Blue Army of Our Lady of Fatima five-hour vigil begins 7:30 tonight. Our Lady's Chapel. Pleasant Street. New Bedford; refreshments; all welcome; information: Lucille Pimental. 992-5402. HOLY GHOST, ATTLEBORO Women's Guild meeting postponed to Feb. 23; guest speaker: Ms. Sue Lake. Over 80 persons attended a recent Mass and breakfast for bereaved families; the parish thanks the confirmation candidates who served. Parishioners interested in serving on a parish finance board may contact father Thomas C. Lopes. pastor. 222-3266. for information. ST. JAMES, NB CYO general meeting 2 p.m. Sunday. church hall. An altar society is forming: information at rectory. O.L. VICTORY, CENTERVILLE Guild members will participate in an II a.m. Monday interfaith service at Cape Cod Synagogue. Hyannis; pastor Father John A. Perry will join other clergy at the service; information: Lynn Dumas. 778-0249. UItreya 7:30 tonight. religious eduction center. First Saturday rosary of reparation and act of consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary 8:40 a.m. tomorrow. ST. JOSEPH, NB Newchoir members welcome; contact choir director George Campeau after any weekend Mass. Scout Sunday Mass II a.m. Sunday; uniformed Scouts will meet 10:30 a.m.• school hall. St. Joseph's Senior Social Feb. 19. First Friday holy hour and Mass. 5 this afternoon. The parish requests prayers for the late Joseph Hipolito. a Knight of Columbus who for many years was an honor guard at parish living rosaries. Prayer group Bible study 7 p.m. Feb. II; meeting and Mass 7 p.m. Feb. 18; meeting 7 p.m. Feb. 25; all meetings begins with rosary. rectory basement.

ST. DOMINIC, SWANSEA The parish thanks an anonymous member for a $1.000 donation. Women's Guild meeting Feb. 17. Parish council meeting 9 a.m. Feb. 14. lower rectory. Two adults needed to accompany a Feb. 27 to March I youth group ski trip; information: Father WiIliam G. Campbell. pastor. 675-7206. Youth group meetings 8 p.m. Wednesdays. parish center; new members welcome. O.L. MT. CARMEL, SEEKONK First Friday holy hour and rosary recitation 7 tonight. chapel; all welcome. Youth ministry' meeting 6 p.m. Feb. 8. with 7:30 p.m. Mass. To celebrate World Marriage Day, there will be prayers for all married couples at 10:30 a.m. Mass Sunday; wedding cake and coffee follow. par. ish center. Marriage Encounter open. house 7 p.m. Sunday. home of John and Janice Venitti. 20 Alameda Dr.; information: 336-7365. A prayer group-sponsored two-session program, Jesus Wants To Heal You. will follow 7 p.m. Mass Feb. 18 and 25. church basement; presenters: Dr. James Schwarz and Chris Schwarz. R.N .• of Catholic Social Services, Attleboro. Scripture classes with Sister Dorothy Schwarz. SSD. resume March 5. NOTRE DAME, FR Feast of Our Lady of Lourdes Masses 7: 15 and 8 a.m. and 7 p.m. Wednesday; living rosary and Benediction at 10 a.m.; scapulars and rosaries will be presented to the First Communion class at 7 p.m. Mass. Parish school first graders will tour Fall River's Charlton Hospital. Faith sharing evening with Father David A. Costa. parochial vicar at Somerset's St. Thomas More church. 7 tonight. Lourdes Chapel; all welcome. ST. MARY, SEEKONK Parishioners John and Mary Ross are celebrating their 50th wedding anniversary. Vincentian meeting after 10 a.m. Mass Sunday. Children's Masses 11:30 a.m.' Feb. 15 (Grade one fami,y Mass) and 10 8o.m. Feb. 22. Adult Bible discussions 9:45 to II a.m. Feb. 10 and 7 to 8:20 p.m. Feb. II; topic for both: Matthew 5 and 6. Youth voIleybaIl I to 4 p.m. March I. St. Mary's parish center. Norton; sign up in sacristy.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Feb. 6, 1987 ST. PATRICK, SOMERSET This week's prayer intercessors are Betty Novacek and Johanna Paquette. Choir rehearses 6:30 p.m.• Wednesdays. church. Folk group rehearses 5:45 p:m. Wednesdays. Women's Guild business meeting 7:30 p.m. Feb. 10. Rosary prayed 3:30 p.m. Thursdays, church. LaSALETTE SHRINE, ATTLEBORO International Forgiveness Week Mass and healing service led by Father Alfred Fredette. MS. 2 p.m. Feb. 8. "I Have a Friend Who...... informal meetings for those with problems and for those seeking to aid them. begin 7:30 p.m. Feb. II. monastery dining room. under direction of Father Roger Chauvette. MS. Topics will include alcoholism. communication with children. wife abuse and Viet Nam syndrome. Information: 222-5410. OUR LADY'S CHAPEL, NB Sisters' day of recoIlection Feb. 14 with Father Giles BeIlo, OFM; conferences on Conversion at 10:30 a.m. and 2 p.m.• lower chapel. ST. ANNE HOSPITAL, FR Public, no-charge meetings on cancer: 6 p.m. Feb. 12 and 19. Room 108, Clement HaIl. Forest Street. ' Topic: Home Care - help for patient and family. Anne Marie Kelly. RN; Legal Issues. Atty. Robert Cooperstein. Information: 674-5741. ext. 2270. ST. JOSEPH, FAIRHAVEN Family ministry coffee and doughnuts after 8 and 9:30 a.m. Masses Sunday. Vincentian meeting after 9:30 a.m. Mass Sunday. rectory. Scout Sunday Mass 9:30 a.m. Sunday. Advisory committee meeting 7:30 p.m. Feb. 19. rectory. New Jerusalem prayer group meets 7:30 tonight. rectory. WIDOWED SUPPORT, ATTLEBORO Attleboro area widowed support group lunch 12:30 p.m. Feb. 24; information: 761-4042. Game night at the home of Pauline and Bert Kloeppner Feb. 28; information: 699-2878.


CHRIST THE KING, COTUIT/MASHPEE Catholic Women's Club meeting I:30 p.m. Feb. II. St. Jude the Apostle chapel basement, Cotuit; author Marion' Vuilleumier will speak on Cape Cod historical treasures. ST.ANNE,FR Singer-storyteIler BiIl Harley will perform at the parish school at 12:30 p.m. Feb. 9; SUCCEED. a volunteer coIlaborative representing over 130 southeastern Massachusetts schools dedicated to bringing quality performing arts, science and humanities programs to students and the community. wiIl coordinate the concert with Harley and the St. Anne's Home and School Association. CAMP FIRE, FR Algonquian Camp Fire Council vacation camp 6:45 a.m. to 5 p.m. Feb. 16 to 20. Sacred Heart parish center. 160 Seabury Street, FaIl River; program includes crafts, games and field trips; information: council office. 674-2157. HOLY ROSARY, TAUNTON Adult Bible study course in parish center 7:30 to 9 p.m. Wednesdays Feb. II to March 25; topic: St. Paul's Letter to the Philippians; course led by Father Gabriel Swol, OFM Conv.• all welcome; information: 823-3046. ST. KILIAN, NB Widowed support group meeting 7:30 p.m. Feb. 9, rectory basement; use rear entrance; guest speaker: Dr; Peter Letendre; "Medicine Chest" a video tape will be shown; information: 998-3269. ST. JOHN EVANGELIST, POCASSET First Saturday Mass 8 .am. tomorrow. followed by rosary. Parish council meeting 7:30 p.m. Feb. I I. CORPUS CHRISTI, SANDWICH Women's Guild quilting and crafts groups 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Thursdays, St. Theresa's Hall. New parish Knights of Columbus were admitted to First Degree at a recent ceremony. "Bishop James L. Connolly Council #9444 is now a reality," noted the parish buIletin. -

THIS SATURDAY IS THE FIRST SATURDAY OF-THE MONTH Honor the Immaculate, Heart of Mary Practice the devotion of the five First Saturdays . This devotion was requested by Our Lady of Fatima on July 13, 1917, when ,she said: "God wishes to establish in the world devotion to my Immaculate Heart.


"1 shall come to ask for the consecration of Russia to my Immaculate Heart and the Communion of reparation on the first Saturdays. If people listen to my requests, Russia wil) be converted and there will be peace." . Then again, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady appeared to Sister Lucia, one of the children of Fatima, and told her the following: "Announce in my name that I promise to assist at the hour of death with the graces necessary for salvation, all those who on the first Saturday, of five consecuti,ve months, shall

1. Go to confession a'nd receive Communion r 2. Recite the Rosary, 3. And keep me company for a quarter of an ho.. . r while meditating on the mysteries of the Rosary 4. With the intention of making reparation to me." To practice this devotion, you must fulfill the requests of Our L~dYI doing so, in reparation for the offenses committed against the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Confession may be made during eight days before or after the Communion. UNDAUNTED by her wheelchair, Ronnie Gaglais of Albany, N.Y., tries to clear a path in front of her apartment. (NCj UPI photo)

(Courtesy of the Third Order of St. Francis of Assisi, St. Hedwig parish, New Bedford, Mass.)





The Anchor Friday, Feb. 6, 1987

only "guaranteeing as much as possible the quality of a life that is ending," the guide continued. The doctor is "obligated to assist the patient until the end and act in a way to permit him to preserve his dignity," it added. L'Osservatore Romano criticized the "ambiguity" of the passage for seeming to allow the patient alone to judge what preserves his dignity. "The doctor has the supreme duty to defend the exclusive dominion of God over human life, a duty from which no one can dispense him," it said. "Nor can the sick person give , the consent to terminate his own life," it added. The guide seems to suggest that simply the patients' request for a doctor to put an end to his life is sufficient cause, the editorial said.

Pope stresses, "bite of poverty" VATICAN CITY (NC)- Pope John Paul II said religious should feel "the bite of poverty" in their daily lives and wear the religious habit as a sign they are, different from the rest of the world. At a Feb. 2 Mass attended by hundreds of religious living in the '. Rome diocese, the pope said an important religious vow was the renouncing of worldly goods. "It is therefore of great importance that you be detached from these goods and that you avoid, personally and in community, the exaggerated search for comfort and costly ways of living," the pope said. "One cannot live in poverty without feeling concretely the bite of poverty," he said. The desire to be close to the poor and help them, he added, can only be fulfilled "by those who really know poverty and live it." Despite a diminished sense of the sacred, the pope said, modern societies are not indifferent to "clearly identified" models offaith. "You will not be displeased, therefore, to show in a visible way your consecration by wearing the poor and simple religious habit. It is a silent but eloquent witness," he said. The pope has spoken out several times on the importance of distinctive dress for priests and religious. In 1982, priests in the diocese of Rome were directed to wear clerical garb. During the Mass marking the Presentation of the Lord, celebrated in St. Peter's Basilica, the pope said religious life should keep its own specific nature - "not agains.tman, but against the inhuman behavior or contemporary society." ' , ' The pope said Christians active in the wor.1d need the inspiration of religious who show, by their total consecration to God; that, "this world passes." He urged th'e Re\.igi,ous t9 maintain this "character of totaldetal;:hment" .and singled out members of cloistered orders asbaving a "privileged voca- . tiQn." ',' .

"'....'_-.- . . . . . .

It also noted that Article 18 of the guide affirms a doctor's right to avoid performing abortions for reasons of conscience, but no such provision is made in Article 13.

The editorial said the 1980 Declaration of Euthanasia by the Vatican Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith makes clear that the church does not require a patient's life to be prolonged at all cost. In that declaration, the Vatican said such issues as the degree of complexity or risk of certain treat.. ments, their costs, and possibilities of success must be taken into account in deciding whether suggested medical treatment is "extraordinary" and therefore not binding on a dying patient.



PEOPLE WAIT HOURS for a closeup view of Pope John Paul II. This young Roman was unappreciative., (NC photo)

Vatican ra'ps euth,anasia

The responsibility for determing the refusal or cessation of treatment belongs to the sick person and the doctors, the declaraJion added. .


VATICAN CITY (NC) - The , munity made its recommendation Vatican newspaper has criticized in a: document titled, "European as "ambiguous" a recent recom- Medical Ethics Guide." Approved mendation by a European medical earlier in the month, the guide has organization which appears to,en- no binding authority. However, it dorse a patient's right to euthana- was submitted Jan. 15 to the Eurosia in certain circumstances. pean Community in Brussels, BelThe Jan. 25 front-page editorial in L'Osservatore Romano called,. for the European doctors' medical ethics' guide to' be "reformulated with rigorous clarity in ,order to defend, without possibility of equivocation, all the va:tues at issue"" The Conference of Medical Associations, of tne ~ti'~opean Com-

gium, for adoption as a European standard of medical ethics legislation. L'Osservatore Romano's editorial, titled "With Regard to Euthanasia," expressed particular concern. for Article 13 of the guide , which 'declared, "MediCine needs in every circumstance to constantly respect the life, moral autonomy and free ch~ice of t~e patient." In cases of incurable and terminal illness, the doctor can "limit himself to alJeviati,ng the phy,sical and moral sufferings ofthe patient,"

This dispensation from using "extraordinary" means to prolong a dying person's life is noteuthanasia, but simply the "humble recognition ofthe proper human condition," the editorial said.' '

,From Death to Life "We are Duried together with Christ by baptism into death; that as Christ is risen frpm the dead by the glory of the Father, so we also may walk in newness of life." Rom: 6:4' .( .'



Miti,tatyarchdi()cese to..r ecruit cbapbtin· V ~C,~\ioris •

': .• J~Y J~rry Filteau" SILVER SPRING,'Md: (NC) - The V $. military archdiocese'" has announced that it 'is recruiting' its 'o~n vocaticfnS'forp'riests iri~the milita'ry,'ctiaplaincy service. The' ai'Clididcese, .which serves'" some 2.I'million Catholics lhcthe V.S. armed forces, has the lowest priests-to-people rati:o of any V.S. diocese, but "th'e largest potential' pooi of vocatiotts in the country:" said a news release announcing the decision.' .... :, ," "Every year more 'than 25,000 single Catholics leave the military. Most are between the ages, of 20 and 30, and all are at a transition, point' in t~eir lives," the release said .. ' Auxiliary Bishop Angelo Acerra, vocations director 'of the military archdiocese and co~rdinator of the new program, said the shortage of priests in V .S. dioceses and religious orders - the two sOiJrces of military chaplains - has hurt ~,

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the Catholic ~military ~haplaincy time or, for aJull career. ,,', as·well.' " Bishop Acerra said the mihtary "The Army" nee'dg' 500 pTiest archdiocese would continue to need. chaplains," he said, "We currently priest chaplaTns loahed by dioceses' '" and religious orders in the ,tradi~, have 205, o.n active duty.!~ " " "" '. Sinc¢ 1'980" he s!1id; th'e ~ot~1 01 " tional way. '" Catholic chaplains a~iivi, dl\ty " ~~It will be seven..y~ars from now, in all the V .S.military se~~ices has:, before our first candidate will show 'j dropped from 950 to 750. "We up asan active'duty,chaplain;" he don'tthink this program will solve said. "I doubt.that we will ever be" the problem, but it will help.1' . '. able to provide through this proS'eminarians recr,uited for . mi.l- " gram alone, the· 1,4.00 priellts' w~ itary ch~'pla-incy under the i, ne~ need'toca're'for our' people." " . program win beco~spon'sored 'by The archdiocese also a'nnounced dio'ceses a'nd"will be incilfdinated a caJ:Ilpaign of prayer :ror ,vocain the sponsoring diocese, Bishop' tions, asl<i'ng all chaplains to enAcerra said. Incardination is the courage' milita'ry personnel. and church term for the legallinkbind- their families to, recite the Angelus ing a priest to a diocese or religious every day for vocations.. order~ . ' T h e Archdiocese· for the Mil-' itary services, .formerly known as Each new'priest in the program is to serve in his diocese for three the V.S. Military Vicariate, began years after ordination, and then operating las,tJ uly under ne~ Vathave the option to enter the mil-' ican rules which gave the world's itary chaplaincy. If he chooses the military vicariates more indepe'nchaplaincy and is qualified for it, dence. V nder the rules the military he can choose to serve for a limited vicariates are treated more like


. • • ,'1


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d~o~e~~s t~an b~fore. T~~, ,biggest

difference IS that they are III charge of a, g~~up of Catholi«s wnich'is . d by occupatl?n .,"," rat her . deteql1lne, , h' II' . than,by geograp ICl!- ocatlOn." , " , . , The new, rules aUowed military , vicariates for theJirst time to esta~lish their ownseminaries and ordam', and incardinate their own,pries~s., . But Archbishop Joseph-T·_ ~yan, head, of the military archdiocese, said last .year that this would'not be tnt he foreseea ble f uture.

This program involves a kind of "internship" for 'theology students ail\ niilitary installation uilder the supervision of II chaplain, to help th'e' students.learlt what life 'in the militarychaplaincy is like, ~e said. Vnlike oiher military training programs, however, this involves no commitment .:to a..Jat~r t.our of active duty, he said. r



I .



"We don't want a priest to be solely identified with the military," Bishop Acerra saiq.. "But we do believe the military chaplaincy is a special vocation that requires special skills." . "

The press release, ,announcmg the .new program' said t~at in the ne~r future tl;t.e mi,litary archdiocese may well face 'the "unusual" but "plel,lsant" problem of having more applicants than it can accept "because ~f ,a I~c~ of scholarship fUllds" to pay for their s~minary training. .

He said the prIesthood candidates recruited under the program would commit themselves to spen~-. ing two summers during their seminary' years in the "chapll,lin candidacy program" developed in recent years by the military.

In th~ long run: it said, the archdiocese expects the program to become self-sustaining "when enough candidates are on active duty as chaplains and are in a position to repay their educational costs." '

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Feb. 6, 1987



Father Hehir at Harvard

Vatican asks 10 guarantees VATICAN CITY (NC) -- The respected in educational programs Vatican has listed 10 guarantees the religious beliefs of their childwhich governments should apply ren. to ensure respect for religious liber3. Guarantees that everyone re. ceive religious instruction, either ty. They include guarantees for reli- individually or collectively. gious education; for equal treat4. Guarantees that every comment of believers in economic, cul- munity of believers be able to tural and social life; for the right to organize according to its own hierpublish and import religious mater- archical and institutional strucials; and freedom for churches to tures. organize their institutional affairs 5. Guarantees for religious comaccording to their own rules. munities "to choose and to train in The list is a challenge to Sovietbloc eastern European countries, their own institutions future minwhere many of the guarantees are isters, to appoint them and to transfer them according to the iIIegal or not respected. The proposed pledges were out- objective needs of the faithful." 6. Guarantees to be able to conlined by Msgr. Audrys Backis, and use buildings for relistruct undersecretary of the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church, . gious needs and that the religious at a European human rights meet- nature of these buildings wiII be ing in Vienna, Austria. The coun- respected. 7. Guarantees that religions can cil is for Vatican relations with exchange information, publish their other governments. "A civilization has credibility own reading materials and import only when it knows how to offer religious literature. 8. ,Guarantees that religions can everyone the possibility of speaking for himself and of progressing have their own'social communicamorally and spiritually as well as tions medilf and access to public materially and scientifically," said' means of communication. 9. Guarantees that believers have Msgr. Backis. the right to assembly and engage The Vatican proposed that "reli- in pilgrimages within their own gious freedom in its individual and country and abroad. collective dimension, private and . 10. Guarantees that believers are public, be integrally respected at equal with other citizens and not the level of laws, administrative discriminated against in economic, regulations'"and daily comport- social and cultural life. ment," he said'. The Vatican receives "many appeals and much information" indicating that application of human DUBLIN, Ireland (NC) - Irerights guarantees are "too timid or partial," said Msgr. Backis, withland's bishops have called for a' out mentioning specific countries. renewal of parish life, a greater He listed the ten guarantees as: role for the laity and ~ campaign to return lapsed Catholics to the I. Guarantees that parents can transmit, personally or with the church. During a plann.i,ng meetaid of the community; their reli- ing, the bishops also examined the role of w~me·n in the church, said gious values to therr offspring. 2. Guarantees that parents have' Clonfert Bishop Joseph Cassidy.-

. Greater role


WASHINGTON (NC)- Father J. Bryan Hehir, secretary for social development and world peace at the U.S. Catholic Conference, has been named Stillman visiting professor of Roman Catholic theological studies at the Harvard Divinity School for the spring semester. While teaching at Harvard, from February to June, Father Hehir will serve on a reduced time basis at the USCC in Washington. He will continue to provide assistance to the National Conference of Catholic Bishops' Ad Hoc Committee to Assess the Moral Status of Deterrence. The USCC is the public action agency of the bishops' conference. A priest of the Boston Archdiocese, Father Hehir was a principal staff assistant to the bishops' committee which drafted the 1983 pastoralletter on war and peace, "The Challenge of Peace: God's Promise and Our Response." The priest will also continue as senior research scholar at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University, Washington, and as research professor of ethics and international politics at the Georgetown School of Foreign Service. He holds a doctor of theology degree from the Harvard Divinity School and formerly taught at St. John's Seminary in the Boston Archdiocese. Hejoined the USCC in 1973.

Education secretary bullish

are... but largely the American peoContinued from Page One "Drugs know no social lines, no ple have a pretty clear, fixed, steady class lines, no lines by religious view ofthings like honesty, dependaffiliation. They're there. They're ability, fidelity, patriotism,love of in our society and in our schools country, loyalty to family and and we need to address this," he friends." In his interview with NC News said. LOS ANGELES (NC) - The Bennett also discussed how his Catholic schools ·are eligible to Catholic Church through its pardepartment's plans could affect ish schools has an "immense role participate in drug education pro- the future of Catholic highereducato play" in raising the economic, grams but "there's no substitute tion. social and political status of U.S. for clear, strong, firm policy at the The Education Department has Hispanics, said Henry Cisneros, sch091 level" based on "a clear . proposed a budget that would remayor of San. Antonio, Texas, in sense of right and wrong;" he said. place most existing financial aid "As in other cases where issues programs for college stud,ents with an address to Mexican-American alumni ofLoyola Marymount Uni- of right and wrong come up, the an "income-eontingent loans" plan. versity in Los Angeles. "Perhaps Catholic school should, if not have "I'm pr~ud of the st!Jdent aid" there is no single institution. that an advantage, have little difficulty proposal," he said, admitting that can be as decisive over the future· in presenting that kind of case· to· "we got a terrible· recept'ion from of our people· as the Catholic· its students," he added. C~ngress. , .' Church/' said the mayor; Bennett also has ·spoken out in The new proposal is particularly favor of sex education programs attractive for Catholic coll~ges and that teach values. "It is my sense other private schools, he said, beco~munion that most American parents do cause schools confident ofthe qualVATICAN CITY (NC)- Pope want" such programs that discour- ity of their education "can say to John Pa·ul II greeted the head of age children from engaging in sex- students, 'look we realize this is a the U.S. Episcopal Church as a ual intercourse, he said. little bit more expensive....but we "dear brother" and praised the Courses "should not be value think we do something special and "real though imperfect commun- free," and a sex education course different here. We have a mission. ion" between Catholics and Angli- that is not part of the "general Come here and if you CllP't afford cans worldwide. A recent prayer enterprise of nurturing and devel- it now you can pay later. Graduate meeting'in Assisi, Italy, was a sign oping good character is an error and get ajob and the amount you of"the growing solidarity between and an irresponsibility," he said. pay back depends on what you us, a solidarity which is rooted in Everybody may not agree on all make.' our.baptism into Christ," the pope issues, he said, "but American peo"We think this is a heck of a told' Bishop Edmond Lee Brown- ple are not generally in a crisis good idea," Bennett said: "If we ing, U.S. Episcopal Church pri- about right and wrong. Some edu- can just persuade Congress, we'll mate . cators are, some intellectuals be in good shape." .

"Immense role"



THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Feb. 6, 1987

What's on your mind?


or the academic dean and perhaps the teacher. At such a meeting you may be glad to have your parents with you. In all such meetings, keep your list of specific examples of incompetence handy. It won't do any good to say she has "lousy teaching methods." You have to prove that statement with concrete examples of bad methods. It can happen that the teacher will not be removed. Your case may not be convincing or it may be impossible to get a replacement for her. If this is the case, you will have to accept the verdict as best you can.

sounds as thougli something is wrong. What to do? In your letter you made one damaging statement. It is this: First, put in writing a number of "She teaches one of my best subconcrete examples of her incomjects, and so far this year, I have petence as a teacher. But be very received poor grades because I've specific and ruthlessly honest. given up all hope of learning in her Permit yourself no exaggeration. Check this list with one or more ' class." I sounds as though you have of your friends. Ask them whether poor grades not because received they think you are being fair and of lousy teaching methods', but whether they can suggest any other because you gave up on learning. instances. Is anyone in the class getting good When your list is complete, grades? show it to your parents. Ask them what they think about the situaInstead-of giving up, should you tion. Ask also for permission to go have struggled harder to make the to your school counselor about the best of a difficult situation? Is it situation. Keep in mind that the possible you are overly critical of teacher, too, has rights. this teacher? The counselor may suggest that These are questions you should you, or your parents or all of you consider carefully before you have a meeting with .the principal initiate a formal complaint.

Q. How do you go about getting an incompetent teacher fired from my school. She not only has lousy teaching methods, but she has no level of discipline. People throw chalk erasers that hit her in the head and she does nothing. She .teaches one of my best subjects, and so far this' year I have received poor' grades because I've given up all hope of.learning in her class. (Maine) , A. When letters come this way inquiring ab'out how to get rid of a certain teacher, I am sometimes suspicious. I recall those teachers I wanted to get rid of. Looking back, I realize now their faults were most!y minor. But when a teacher gets hit in the head and takes -no action, it

Diocesan resident wins pro-life essay contest 17-year-old Taryn McCue Lopes of Sacred Heart parish, Fall River, a senior at Our Lady of Fatima High School, Warren, R.I., has been named fourth-place winner. of the Knights of Columbus Rhode Island State Council second annual pro-life essay contest. She is the daughter of Stephen R. and Brenda B. Lopes. Over 500students in grades nine through 12 in Rhode Island public and private schools entered the contest, themed "What the Gift of Life Means to Me." Miss Lopes attended Fall River's former Sacred Heart Grammar School first through' third grade 'and was a fourth to eighth-grader at Domipican Academy, also Fall River. '

. Loring photo


or her fate'. Should an unborn child be aborted be~ause o(being born out of wedlock, poverty, ignorHer winning essay, was entitled ance or because at that moment it , "The Gift of Life." An excerpt, is not wanted? I feei no one has follows: that right, because the act 'is inhu,,{ do~'t (eel an unborn 'child mane! It is rippirig out the very should be deprived of'Iife because e x'i s t e n'c e (, f 'h u man another human being decid,es hiS ity."

',As-Lent, approaches By Cecilia ': 'C.,'. ,,:,-, ,.' - '.' -.:,


, . . . . . . . . . ,_"time forreflectionaboutwhat we'




~aredOihg'rbaYl~ad:to many inCa:: ','


""tuations but rarely to love." ',:·FurtheF.. r~aI19v(j~ far. frtim . .blind. Love allows ustolearn as . •much· as. possible about another. :Wed/seover more ana more 'bf' "s_p~rson'sgitts~ We see now' .other'~'. personality. differs, m our own. Gradually we also;' rnmore about another's lim~j

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',JA1tment:t.o~ccept a: person as he>

on she is; Conse ueil




. Lent approaches., Prepar.ation for the season begins, -,'

h~ve to ~top io~king fo; proof of everything. If Jesusisn 't proof enough, ,what else can one'8$k?

Lent is a good' 'time to' try to When I was a child, Le,nt meant understand Christ's love for us. givihg something up. We were told This'season, kpow that His love we must sacrifice some pleasure. It seeks us out and that no one and wasn't hard to give up spinach or nothing in all creation cim separbrussels sprouts! The hard part ate us from it: Everything that was'saying so long fo'r now to God isand has for us he gives us in candy, soda and Western films, the person, of ~esus. As my generation got older, we began to "takeup" rather than "give up." There were daily Bible ,~onnolly readings, prayers lind meditation. Registered nurses who can vol unBeing'of service to the housebound' was a must. We baked cookies for teer time to Fall River's Bishop sick children and' prayed they ConnoJly Hig~ School' are asked would soo.n, be ,well enough to eat to call' Father James' C. O'Brien, ;, " ' ' S J , principal, 676-1071. the,m. " .... NowI hear,adult~,speaking,of • • • • a for self~discipline.' . 'r. • ' ' ,,',, Some plan to work a bit harcleron' The school s rresh~an b,ask~t­ pr,oject~, and t1!ke better care _oC, ball tea~,h,~~ W?',l. all II of 1tS th~i~ ;physical selves.' Many seek games so far.- t.h,lss.eas,on.: "talk spmtllal grQwth, andone.couple is about.a ~_ro~lsmg.f~t,u.r~t r~ads trying to become bett~r parents, _, r Co?noHy s ~~st recent bU.ll~tm to If one cannot get 'rid of the sick- p~re?-~s a~~ ~ne!1ds..The glfl sand ness ,of, the times, then surely one bo~~.,~~r~lt~ te,a,~s ar!= not f~r should concentrate on overCOril-, behmd., w1th- 7~"a~~. 7-3 records. ing the sickness oneself. 'Groping ;. alone ,with an increasingly com~' 1 pieX' and ,i~per'Sonal'soc~ety­ excludes God, from our personal' WASHINGTON '(NC)-:":"- By picture. One may, blame external' det'ai'ning religiou.~-Iead,ers; South forces for thwarting good inten- Africa is~olding the very people tions~but sometimes-something in who" could, he,lp' 'f(;store "law and the heah of man keeps him from order in the country's present cri" being what he senses_he should be: sis, said a U.S. Catholic ConferThe work of God in Christ pro- ' ence official in a letter. to President vides the answer that man needs. P.W. Botha of South Africa. Holy Lent can help removt: guilt and Cross Father William Lewers, provide forgi~eness. It can recori-' , director of'the USCC Office of cile us to God and mankind. International Justice and Peace, It's also a good time to throw asked Botha to release religious leaders and all others detained by a way our doubts. If faith is small, his government. He sent the letter it is because one's God is too small. through South Africa's ambassaWe must trust in what is unSeen, dor to the United States. Herbert confident that the visible is tranBeukes, sient and the invisible eternal. We



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,R.elea se, asked













_The Anchor

Block youth group plans prayer meeting

On Sunday, Feb. 15, the Attleborol Taunton regional coordinating'committee of the Catholic charismatic renewal will sponsor a regional prayef meeting celebrating the 20th anniversary of the beginning of the charismatic renewal in the Catholic Church. Hosted by the Building Block youth prayer group of Taunton, the meeting will be held at 7 p.m. at St. Jacques"> Church on Whittenton Street in Taunton. All ages are welcome to attend. Building Block, in its seventh year, provides weekly prayer meetings, Bible study, retreats, social events and other activities for young Catholic adults in the greater Taunton area. A Building Block spokesman noted that the Feb. 15 meeting "will provide an opportunity to gather those people who are active in the renewal, those who have been involved in the renewal and have since gOlie on to-serve in other programs in the church, and those wishing to find out more about the renewal. Involvement in . the charismatic renewal helps a person enter into a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, through the power of the Holy Spirit. This action often releases charisms or gifts of service to the wider body of the church and thus people take on roles,of service in teaching religion to the young, visiting the sick, and assisting in Mass services by reading scriptures or as eucharistic ministers. Others become involved in the many other areas and organizations that operate within the Catholic Church." Organizers comment that it is appropriate that a young adult prayer group is hosting the Feb. 15 meeting. They explained that on the weekend of Februliry 17th 1967 several college students and professors participated in a special retreat at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh. They were to meditate on the first four chapters of The Acts of the Apostles, having previously read "The Cross and the Switchblade" by David Wilkerson. The original leaders used the name charismatic renewal rather than Catholic Pentecostal Movement because they felt it better described the charisms listed by St. Paul in, the 'first letter to the Corinthians. As with most ,Catholic movements, the charismatic rj:newal and its fruits have been ca!efuly ~cru-, tinized. L~onJoseph Cardinal Suenens of Belgium soon' bega~ to guide it on a, worldwide basis and' today the renewal exists in nearly, every nation, primarih as a lay, movement under guidance of the church through local episcopalliaisons who r..neet. ol:t,regional ,a.nd national levels' to ,discuss' di'rections and respond to issues. The renewal is also~erved i>y'~n'iilter­ national office' in Rome, and a national service commitil::e' headquartered at ~otre J;>ame U.niver~ sity. ' , , ' The Diocese Qf Fall,River,'with Rev. Robert S. K,'aszynski as.e')is-, opal liaison, has a serv'i,ce'commit~ . tee comprised of .lay represe'nta~" tives and a spiritual director,(rom, each deanery. Each deanery also has a regional coordinating committee that assis~sp~rishaI;ld area, prayer groups. " In the early days ofthe nrnewa~, healing ministries developed, in particular in the Massachusetts

area with Rev. Edward McDonough of Roxbury and Rev. Ralph DiOrio of Worcester. These ministries, along with large city prayer groups, provided the foundation for movement growth. Charismatic gifts are often manifested in tongues, prophecy and the gifts of healing, knowledge and wisdom. All these charisms have been studied and accepted by the Church, as reflected in a recent document on the charismatic renewal issued by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. A beginner in the movement attends a Life in the Spirit seminar, which explains the renewal and the action ofthe Holy Spirit in the lives of individuals and the church. Participants usually grow in appreciation of the sacraments and the Mass. The thrust of the movement seems to be in the area of Catholic evangelization, not simply by increasing numbers of the faithful but by helping them encounter the Lord personally and grow in faith, thus reforming their lives and influencing the world around them. In explaining the action of the Holy Spirit in a baptized believer, say charismatics, one can compare it to electrical wiring installed in a building. All necessary equipment is in place, but unless the switch is turned on, there is no power. Thus an individual may be, as Pope John XXIII described many Catholics, a "baptized pagan," not allowing the transforming power of the Holy Spirit to enliven him or her.

Friday, Feb. 6, 1987


Montie Plumbing & Heating Co. Symbols following film reviews indicate "The Fringe Dwellers" (Atlanboth general and Catholic Film Office tic) - An insightful portrait of a ratings, which do not always coincide, General ratings: G-suitable for gen· young Australian aborigine girl's eral viewing; PG·13-parental guidance , coming of age. The contrived plot strongly suggested for children under supplies an abrupt solution to a 13; PC-parental guidance suggested; complex series of social and moral R-restricted, unsuitable for children or problems, but the overall perspecyounger teens, Catholic ratings: AI-approved, fOI tive of director Bruce Beresford's children and adults; A2-approved fOI film provides an uplifting vision of adults and adolescents; A3-approved fOI community values and strong famadults only; A4-separate classification ily ties. A3, PG (given to films not morally offensive "Outrageous Fortune" (Buena which, however, require some analysis and explanation): O-morally offensive. Vista-Touchstone) - Bette Midler

and Shelley Long, depicting aspiractresses, singlemindedly seek -'--------~ ing revenge when they learn that they have been betrayed by the same Please check dates and' man with whom they have had times of television and radio affairs at the same time. Negative programs against local list· stereotyping of women, a casual bags, which may differ from attitude toward sex, rough lanthe New York network sched· guage and sexual inuendo leave no ules supplied to The Anchor. room for genuine comedy. 0, R "Radio Days"(Orion)- Writerdirector Woody Allen celebrates the positive impact of radio on the New Films "Square Dance" (Island) - A lives of a New York family which pubescent girl (Winona Ryder) with resembles his own in this nostalgic religious convictions forsakes the view of the 40s. Two women custody of her cranky grandpa to (Dianne Wiest and Mia Farrow), ljve with her tragically fla wed mpth- who seek romance via different er(Jane Aiexander). She overcomes paths, provide an amiable leitmotif. disillusionment with the adult The payoff is that the values of world while expressig the inner that era have been lost and that strength and grace that propels her even the fond memories are fadwith loving enthusiasm toward wo- ing. A2, PG Films on TV manhood. Sexual references and Monday; Feb. 16, 9-11 p.m. some rough dialogue do not dim the luster of this joyous affirma- EST (NBC) - "Police Academy" tion of the beauty and wisdom of (1984) - A reluctant recruit (Steve Guttenberg) finds that law enforceyouthful innocence. A2, PG-13 ment can be fun and sometimes profitable in this dismal, failed comedy directed by Hugh Wilson. It relies heavily on sexually oriented humor, some nudity and rough language to convey a crude mesprofessor and federal appellate sage of irresponsibility to the young WASHINGTON (NC) - A audience it targets. Theatrical vergood Christian, "just as he is slow judge, "To the.extent of our virtue, the fewer laws," he said, and "the sion ratings: 0, R to anger, should be slow to sue," fewer laws, the happier" people Supreme Court Justice Antonin are. ' Scalia recently told Catholic eduBut people are "too ready nowacators. HALLETT days to seek revenge," he said, and Scalia, a Catholic who was apFuneral Home Inc. pointed to the court in June, called while "it used to be considered mean-spirited to bring lawsuits" on the educators to teach, as St. 283 Station Avenue today courts are full of them. Paul did, that Christians should South Yarmouth, Mass. obey lawful civil authority not out He urged Catholic educators to of fear but "for conscience's sake." teach that lawsuits should be used only "as a last resort and then in He spoke on "Teaching About Tel. 398-2285 sorrow.... A good Christian~just the Law" at the fourth annual as he is slow to anger should be Seton-Neumann lecture sponsored " by the U.S. Catholic Conference: slow to sue." Civil lawsuits have'increased at Committee on Education. The lecOUR LADY'S "an utterly inc'l'edible rate over the tures are named after the U.S. few decades," he ~aid, perhaps last, pioneers i:n Catholic educ'ation, , RELIGIOUS STORE because of "the decay of Christian Sts. Elizabeth Ann Setonand John Mon. - Sat. 11 :00 - 5:30' . attitudes." , Neumann, and are meant as a As S1. Paul said, ::why not rather' forum for discussing issues ',of GIFTS Catholic education and public suffer the wrong," Scalia said" CARDS quoting also Christ's call to turn policy. " Addressing the role of law in, the other cheek when struck. : ' , BOOKS' "Hard words to live by,"he said, society a!1c\ how that role should but he called fhem e?,amples of thl:: be explained to young people, Sca673-426'2 lia warned that ,"we have lost the, " ideal" that Chris-' tian!> should strive toward.. I " • perception that la~s have a moral 936 So. Main St.. Fall River . The formation of 'good Chris~ claim.. ': In the U.nited States, '.'a nation tians helps in the formation of good citizens, Sc'alia conciuded. ' largely settled by pepple fleeing , "It's not ,that that i,s the purpose oppressive regim"s," ~itizens find it easy to believe that good govern...but it'works out that way';" he said. ',"",' . ment .is limited, Scalia said, but ,~ c.olM~:~O~yO'~l.H~':JT'flOOI they must also realize that not all At the conclusion' bfhis taik Scalia answered questiorts' but law is l;>ad, , "I would hope. that 'Cat~9lic' turned several away with the comschools teach that Ii just government th'at "that is ttJe kind of q'ues. FALL RIVER ment has 'a 'moral claim to our tion judges usually do'n't answer." 1801 SO, MAIN, ST. (Showroom) obedience," the Supreme Court Asked about the role of civil 3D CRAWFORD ST. (Warehouse) Carpet .. Vinyl Floors ' justice said, adding that "obedience disobedienct;, Scalia said that his • Mannington ' • ,Con'go~eum is not an easy virtue." address allowed for that and "ob-' • Ceramic Ti:e • Armstrong Law "is a concession to our v)ously you do not have to obey a 674~5410 frailty," said Scalia, a former law law that is not moral."

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Southern African bishops stand firm on sanctions, support detainees PRETORIA, SouthAfrica (NC) - During a recent meeting, the southern African bishops stood behind their call for economic pressures against apartheid and denounced the detention' of an American missionary in a South African-created black homeland. The bishops also weathered a brief media flurry which, conference leaders said, erroneously ,reported the conferen,ce in a rift with the Vatican over political activity by clergy. During the eight-day meeting, the bishops took no action on a special commision repoct which said international economic sanctions aimed at pressuring South Africa to end institutionalized racial discrimination were backfiring. On the apartheid issue, the Commission on Economic Pressures of the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference had issued a report which said international economic penalities aimed at ending apartheid had "consolidated the government in its retreat from meaningful and, indeed, any reform." However, the report also said the pressures had forced "people to think about the situation." Bishop Napier, newly elected president of the bishops' conference, and his predecessor, Archbishop Denis Hurley of Durban, South Africa, said the press misunderstood part of a statement by Archbishop Giuseppe Mees, apostolic delegate in South Africa, as

criticizing the bishops for involvement with policies. They said the Holy See had sent a telegram at the start of the meeting which supported the role of the bishops in the fight for justice in South Africa and urged the bishops to continue dialogue with the government. Bishop Napier said that after media reports of a rift, the bishops conference and Vatican had corresponded. He said Archbishop Mees confirmed that he had not received a message from the pope urging the bishops to keep out of politics. Earlier, Archbishop Hurley told National Catholic News Service he would ask Pope John Paul II to clarify his ban on political activism among clergy. Archbishop Hurley said he had asked Pope John Paul some years ago to issue "a substantial document" on the subject. He said he wanted a papal explanation of the difference between pursuing political power and promoting morality in political life. Archbishop Hurley said the papal ban is ambiguous and could be used by the white South African government and conservative Catholics in his country to accuse the bishops of being "out of tune with the Vatican" and pressure them to "stop criticizing the government. " The archbishop commented in an interview with.National Catholic News Service Jan. 27 while the conference was meeting in Preto-



ria, South Africa. During that, conference Archbishop Giuseppe Mees, apostolic delegate in South Africa, reiterated the papal ban on political activity, he said.

is well known. He said that support was most recently expressed when Pope John Paul singled out Archbishop Hurley as ail example of courageous leadership among The bishops had given Archbi-' his 8,000 fellow Oblate priests shop Hurley a standing ovation worldwide. On Jan. 29, Bishop Napier issued after he spoke on the role he saw for the clergy in working for jus- a statement on behalf ofthe bishops condemning the detention of U.S. tice in South Africa. "In replying to [Archbishop Marianhill Father James Lee CasiMees], I referred to the danger of mir Paulsen, 51, arrested Dec. 17 misunderstanding"the prohibition by police in the South African and "said I had asked the pope to black homeland ofTranskei. Father Paulsen had not been charged with clarify'~ what constitutes unacceptable political activity, Archbishop an offense. Bishop Napier said the bishops Hurley told NC News. The southern African bishops' had not expressed themselves earconference has become increasingly lier because of negotiations with outspoken in its criticism of the Transkei officials. However, since country's system of racial discrim- it was clear the negotiations were ination, called apartheid. Last May "fruitless," he said, the bishops the conference endorsed interna- could no longer delay their condemtional economic "pressure" to force nation. Father Paulsen, born in Milthe government to end apartheid. Archbishop Hurley said the lack waukee and raised in Detroit, has of papal action on a clarifyng doc- worked in Transkei since 1978. On Feb. 2, U.S. officials said ument-might be "possibly because at the time it did not seem as that for the first time a U.S. diploimportant, as the distinction was mat was able to visit the priest and that he appeared to be in good obvious to the pope himself." He said he believes the pope health. The situation is complicated by imposed the ban on political activism in reference to some Latin the fact that the United States, like American countries where priests every other nation except South Africa, does not recognize Transhold political office. The South African churchman kei as an independent nation. said he had no doubt that Pope On Jan. 25 the bishops traveled John Paul is opposed to apartheid. to St. Charles Lwanga Parish in Msgr. Paul Nadal, vicar general the black township of Soshanguve of the Durban Archdiocese, said to concelebrate a Mass for politithe pope's support for the South cal detainees. More than 2,000 African bishops' stand for justice people crowded into the church,



the parish of Father Smangaliso Mkhatshwa, secretary general of the bishops' conference. Father Mkhatshwa has been in detention since June under South Africa's state of emergency. ,


"What brings us together here is obvious: We have heard and know of the arrest and detentions of your leaders and of many other sufferings you have to endure not only you, but also many of our brothers and sisters all over the country," said Bishop Mogale Paul Nkhumishe of Lydenburg-Witbank, South Africa. He asked for prayers and forgiveness for the "oppressors" and, said Christians must "still love them because Christ loves them." At the entrance to the township, police and army officers stopped the cars carrying the bishops to the church. Archbishop Hurley and others in one car were led to a nearby police station, where pamphlets found in the car were confiscated by police. Journalists were not permitted to cover the Mass, and plainclothes police made video films of people entering the church.

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AMAJORVATICANdocumentasksrestructuringofThirdWorldforeigndebtswiththe aimofimprovingthelotofworkerssuchasthisHaitiansugarcaneharvester. (NCj...