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Diocese Urges Check On Food Stamp Aid

The ANCHOR An Anchor of the Soul, Sure and Flrm-St. Paul

Fall River, Mass., Thursday, Jan. 30, 1975 PRICE 15c Vo I. 19, No. 5 © 1975 The Anchor $5.00 per ,ear

Cathedral Camp 'Plan Stresses Day Activity It was announced this week that beginning this summer the Cathedral Camps in East Freetown will place added emphasis on its day camps and eliminate its resident boys facility. Since the start of the day camps over a decade ago they have proven to be increasingly popular with the youth of the area, with busses bringing in boys and girls from most of the major cities of the diocese. Without the resident facility it will mean the day camps will be able to use all of the camp buildings and thereby be able to enroll an even greater number of youth from the diocese.

Established in 1914 as a diocesan camp by Rev. Francis McKeon, retired pastor of Sacred Heart Parish, Taunton, the resident program accommodated about 800 youths yearly. Extending over 40 acres with 2,500 ft. of frotage on Lake Apponequet in East Freetown, the diocesan camp comprises some 25 buildings. From 1942 to 1948, the camp was taken by the U.S. Army as a traiing ground for troops. In 1923, the camp became the scene of the annual priests' retreat which is held there y"arly during September.

The Diocese of Fall River has pockets of unemployment that are among the most severe in the State. In an attempt to help alleviate the economic crunch of many of our people, the Diocesan Department of Social Services and Special Apostolates strongly urges Anchor readers to analyze their situation, and if possible, obtain Food Stamp assistance. Unfortunately many of our people, who are having a difficult time during this economic crisis, are unaware of their right and eligibility to participate in the Department of Agriculture's Food Stamp Program. In many circles this Program has the image of being designed for the welfare recipient alone. This is simply not true. While everybody on public assistance automatically qualifies for the Stamps, the Program nonetheless has far greater outreach. Many of our people, therefore, not on welfare, could well be eligible to purchase these stamps and thereby save themselves a considerable amount of money, at a time when every penny counts. The Government has just reported that food has accounted for 25 per cent of the increases in consumer prices during 1974 and the Agriculture Department now predicts a 15 per cent annual rate-climb during the first half of this year.

These few examples may offer a little more insight into the broad arm, that is the Food Stamp Program. 1) A miadle class family of eight in which the breadwinner has an annual salary of $15,000 can now receive up to $49 of free food per month 2) A teacher on Cape Cod, married and with one child and having an annual income of

$9,600 found that his taxes and housing costs reduced his monthly NET income to $290 and he was then found eligible to receive $118 worth of Food Stamps for $76, Le. he received $42 of free food monlitly. 3) A family of four with an annual NET income of $4,400 (working poor) can now purchase up to $150 worth of Turn to Page Two

CATHOl.IC· SCHOOL~ WEeK

• Life Is Celebrated In Dead of Winter WASHINGTON (NC) - They wandered through the corridors of the Senate and House office building in the hundreds, red roses pinned to their lapels or clenched in their hands, seeking their elected representatives in the Congress and seeking from them a constitutional defense of the unborn. Many of them had been up

all night or longer, riding buses or driving cars from Chicago or Grand Rapids, from Tennessee, Ohio, New Jersey, Indiana, Massachusetts Florida and, apparently, you name it. Some had come from Hawaii, flying to Chicago and busing it from there. They were mainly in their middle age or in their middle

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teens. Jan. 22, the second anniversary of the Supreme Court's abortion decision and the date of their march on Capitol Hill, was a workday. Outside the Senate and House office buildings they had left their banners and placards, oy request of the guards. The banners were to do their work that Turn to Page Five

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How Different Are Catholic Schools?

t AroKTION D\D TH'~

DlfFER~NT WHERE If COUNTS'

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PHILADELPHIA (NC) - Are Catholic schools "different where it counts?" Most Catholic parents seem to think they are, according to an attitudinal survey which forms part of a doctoral dissertation in education being submitted to the University of ·Pennsylvania. Results of an in-depth survey of Catholic families in 117 parishes in the five-county Archdiocese of Philadelphia by Father Charles H. Diamond, bicentennial coordinator for the archdioceseand a member of the facul-

ty at Roman Catholic High school, reveal that Catholic parents consider Catholic schools hetter than public schools in the following areas: -Teaching moral dimensions of life, 86 per cent; -Teaching self-discipline, 81 per cent; -Developing respect for persons and property, 76 per cent; -Developing a sense of honesty and truthfulness, 72 per cent; -Preparation for marriage Turn to Page Four

Catholic High Schools NOTABLE SIGNS: Among the more creative signs carried by demonstrators at the March for Life in Washington, D.C., Jan. 22 were these: A marcher points out the irony of saving seals while babies die; a demonstrator says that abortion crucified Christ.

Registration and Placement Exams

Sat., Feb. 8


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Rev. J. McBreen Died Jan. 24

THE ANCHORThurs., Jan. 30, 1975

Rev. WI. Donaghy Ed ucator.Author Very Rev. William A. Donaghy, S.J., a native of New Bedford and distinguished Jesuit educator and noted speaker, was buried Monday morning from St. Joseph's Chapel of Holy Cross College in Worcester. Father Donaghy, a former president of Holy Cross College in Worcester' died after a lengthy illness. Principal celebrant of his Mass was his brother, Most Rev. Frederick A. Donaghy, M.M. of Taiwan, who was joined by Most Rev. John J. McEleney, S.J., retired Archbishop of Jamaica, Most Rev. Bernard J. Flanagan, Bishop of Worcester, Most Rev. James J. Gerrard, V.G., Auxiliary Bishop of Fall River, Most Rev. Timothy J. Harrington, Auxiliary Bishop of Worcester, and 60 priests. Homilist was Rev. Bernard J. Finnegan, SJ., of the Jesuit Provincial House in Boston. Born in New Bedford, a native of St. James Parish, Father AT BOARD MEETING: Bishop Daniel A. Cronin attends annual board meeting of Mt. Donaghy was the son of the late James J. and Rose (King) St. Joseph School, 85-year-old Fall River boarding facility for children, Which has enDonaghy. A 1927 graduate of rollment representing many countries. Mitzuka.. Wah, member of sohool's "mini-United Holy Family High School, he Nations," presents prelate with flowers as Sister Jeanne Leclerc, superior, looks on. (Photo studied at Holy Cross College, then entered the Jesuit Novi- courtesy of Fall River Herald News) tiate at Shadowbrook in Lenox. He studied for the priesthood at • Weston College and St. Louis Univer~ity and was ordained in 1941. WASHINGTON (NC)-"It is committee meeting on the sub- den, chairman of the committee, An author, Fr. Donaghy was vital that the Church be a sign ject. Also present was Dr. Fran- replied: an associate editor of "Amer- of Hope," said Bishop James S. cis Butler, director of the bicen"In recent years our people ica," the national Catholic week- Rausch, general secretary of the tennial office at the NCCB-USCC have come a long way in seeing ly magazine, for two years fol- National Conference of Catholic national headquarters here. social justice as a mission of the lowing his ordination. Bishops and United States CathTo the suggestion that many Church:' A widely known lecturer and olic Conference (NCCB-USCC), Catholics might prefer an obHe said that in his own travels author, he published two books, summarizing the reasons why servance with more emphasis on around the country and in his "Hear Ye Him," a commentary the U. S. bishops chose a na- American Catholic history, rath- own archdiocese over the past on the gospel of 'the Sunday tional conference on "Liberty er than the committee's primary several years, "one thing that Masses, and "That We May and Justice for All" as the main focus on a Catholic critique of really struck me was the Have Hope," a commentary on focus of the American Catholic American life, Cardinal Dear- heightened awareness of the the epistles of the Sunday bicentennial observance. need for justice." Masses. "This has been a developing The conference will "give us pattern," said Archbishop GerFather Donaghy was named • an opportunity to express our Notes Difficulties ety. chairman of the committee's the 23rd president of Holy Cross Christian convictions in Amer- Of Bishop's Office subcommittee on justice, "parin August, 1954 and served un- ican terms," said Archbishop OINCINNATI (NC)-Archbish- ticularly since Vatican (Council) Peter Gerety of Newark, N. J. til 1960. 'Four leading U. S. prelates on op Joseph L. Bernardin took the II. Everywhere you go, it's very, After his term at Holy Cross, occasion of the ordination of he joined the theology depart- the NCCB Committee for the his new auxiliary, Bishop Daniel very noticeable." Observance of the Bicentennial Cardinal Medeiros, who heads ment at Boston College and in E. Pilarczyk, to bring into focus 1968, he returned to Holy - Archbishop Gerety, Bishop some of the "pains and tensions" the bicentennial subcommittee Cross to lecture in English lit- Rausch, Cardinal John Dearden of being a .bishop but empha- . on liturgy, stressed that the conof Detroit and Cardinal Humerature. sized that there was no room ference on liberty and justice berto Medeiros of Boston-were should not be viewed as an exHe was listed in "Who's Who discussing the bicentennial plans for "fear or pessimism:' ercise in negative criticism of "It was never easy to be a in America" until 1969 when he and hopes in a round-table interAmerican systems or structures. withdrew his' name because of view with NC News here. They bishop," the archbishop said, "We are holding a celebraillness. He was also in "Catholic had just finished a day-long "but today the office has betion," the Boston Cardinal said. come, in many respects, an even Who'·s Who," "Community Lead"The question is what are we greater burden." ers of America" and "Dictionary celebrating? of International Biographies:' -"We do celebrate the past, He leaves three brothers, the Necrology but we also see its shortcomings Continued from Page One Most Rev. Frederick A. Donand learn from them. FEB. 9 aghy, Maryknoll archbishop of Stamps for $104, while a family -"We also celebrate the Rt. Rev. John J. Kelly, 1963, Taiwan, Edward J. of Dunedin, of ten with an annual NET inpresent, but we also learn from can purchase come of $11,500 Pastor, SS. Peter and Paul, Fall Fla. and Paul A. of Canton; and its shortcomings. worth of Stamps for $252. $300 River a sister, Mrs. Barbara Quinn of 4) In addition to obvious el-"And we are also celebratRev. Peter J. McKone, S.J., Sonuth Dartmouth. igibles, undergraduate and grad- 1972, Bishop Connolly High ing the future. From the bicenuate students have the right to School tennial we should draw courage Art apply and many are being found from the past and hope for the FEB. 10 Art is not a caricature of eligible for the Stamps. Rev. Edward L. O'Brien, 1966, future." creation, it continues creation, For many of our people the Pastor, St. Mary, Mansfield creates as it were in the second Food Stamp Program could well FEB. 11 stage. be theirs for the asking. Rev. John J. Sullivan, S.T.L., Anyone desiring more infor- 1961, Pastor, Holy Rosary, Fall -Maritain mation on this Program is asked River FUNERAL HOME, INC. to contact the Food Stamp OutRev. John O'Connell, 1910, R. Marcel Roy - G. Lorraine Roy reach Coordinator for this Re- Founder, St. John Evangelist, Roger LaFrance - James E. Barton THE ANCHOR gion of the Commonwealth: Mr. Attleboro Second Class Postage Paid at F,II River, FUNERAL DIRECTORS Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 FEB. 12 Joseph A. John, New Bedford 15 Irvington Ct. Highland Avenue, Fall Rliver, Mass. 02722 Rev. Stanislaus B. Albert, Regional Office, 684 Purchase by the Catholic Prets of the Diocese of Fall New Bedford Street, New Bedford, Massachu- SS.CC., 1961, Monastery of River. Subscription price by mail, poStP3ld 995-5166 Sacred Heart, Fairhaven setts, 02740, tel: 997-331)1. $5.00 per year. .

Stress ISign of HopeI In Bicentennial

Rev. james P. McBreen, C.S.C., former assistant pasto~ at Corpus ChristI Farish, Sandwich, ~nd a native of Taunton, dieo. in Florida. on Friday, following a long illness. A graduate of Notre Dame University, he was a member of the Eastern Province of the Holy Cross Order of Priests. Ordained a priest on June 24, 1944, Father McBreen was also a member of the Holy Cross Mission Band, No. Dartmouth. During the Korean war, Father McBreen served as an Army chaplain. He also occupied teaching positions at St. Edward's College, Austin, Texas, and King's College in WilkesBarre, Pennsylvania. Father McBreen's survivors include his sister Gertrule of Taunton and nieces and nephews in Taunton and Brewster. A concelebrated funeral Mass was celebrated on Monday afternoon at Holy Cross Church, No. Easton, with interment in the lioly Cross Fathers Cemetery at Stonehill College.

Vincentians to Meet Vincentians of the Greater Fall River ar~a will meet at 7 P.M. Tuesday, Feb. 4 for Mass at Sa~red Heart Church, Fall River. A meeting will follow in the school hall with Rev. John R. FoIster, chaplain of the Fall River fire department, as guest speaker. Conferences' are requested to make final returns for the Bishop's Ball at this meeting and activities reports and assessments should also be forwarded to council headquarters.

Radio Show Attleboro Deanery priests last Sunday inaugurated a radio show on station WARA to be heard weekly ·from 8:15 to 8:30 A.M. The series was begun by Rev. Robert Carter of St. Mary's Church, North Attleboro. who discussed the Holy Year of Reconciliation.

JEFFREY E. SULLIVAN Funeral Home 550 Locust Street Fall River, Mass.

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lHE ANCHOR-

Father Blum,S.J. Urges Catholic. Politica IAction MILWAUKEE (NC) - "Jews are political giants; Catholics are political pygmies," Jesuit Father Virgil C. Blum told a group of Catholic lawyers and judges here. Speaking at an annual Red Mass breakfast of the St. Thomas More Society, the priest, who is president of the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights, maintained, "Jews have not let the American democratic system down. Catholics have." Father Blum urged the lawyers to "give America a gift during its bicentennial-organize interest groups and provide them with adequate support so that, at long last, Catholics will become full-fledged citizens, exert a positive influence on public policy-making and cease being treated as second cIa'ss citizens." "While the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights is operating on a meager budget in the gigantic task of being a civil rights union and an antidefamation league, Jewish organizatinos are, by league standards, very well financed," Father Blum added. Jewish Groups "Of the 25 Jewish interest groups, perhaps the' most important are the American Jewish Committee, the Anti-Defamation League and the American Jewish Congress. I am green with envy when I note the annual budget of these three organizations. The Jewish Committee has an annual budget in excess of $7 million; the Anti-Defamation League, $6 million; and the Jewish Congress. $2 million." "If Catholics elect to have they church-related schools, have a moral obligation to American interest-group democracy to organize effective interest groups to create the operative ideas of our society with respect to the rights of parents in the education of their children," Father' Blum added. "Catholics have not done that; they have seriously failed their democratic society and as a result they are suffering discrimination and the denial of their constitutional rights." Father Blum said that to begin to correct this "gigantic Catholic deficiency in our society, the Ca,tholic League for Religious and Civil Rights was organized about two years ago."

Urges Weekly Fast For World's Hungry

Thurs., Jan. 30, 1975

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Unite for Human Rights i~ Korea

CAMPUS MINISTRY CONCERN: New England representatives met recently with Most Rev. Jean Jadot, Apostolic Delegate to the United States, on the matter of Campus Ministry. Left t-o right, Rev. Richard R. Russell of Hartford, Region I representative Rev. Peter J. Scanlon of Worcester, Archbishop Jadot, Rev. Michel G. Methot, Associate Director for Adult Education in the Fall River Diocese and Diocesan Campus Ministry Coordinator, and Rev. Msgr. William L. Nolan of Manchester.

Apostolic Delegate Voices Enthusiasm For Youth, Campus Ministry At their recent meeting in Arlington, Virginia, the Diocesan Directors of Campus Ministry were joined by His Excellency Most Reverend Jean Jadot, the Apostolic Delegate to the United States. The Delegate celebrated liturgy with the ass~­ bled Directors and afterwards, at a luncheon meeting, expressed hopes for young adults and encouragement for the work of campus ministry. A former campus minister himself, in his native Belgium, the Delegate reflected on what he sees as a need to return to sound philosophical training on both secular and Catholic campuses. Also addressing the Directors during their three day meeting was Rev. J. Bryan Hehir, Director of the Division of Justice and Peace at the U. S. Catholic Conference. Along with Rev. Laurence Murphy, M.M. outgoing director of the Division of Higher Education, USCC, he reported on the plans for a conference on Justice in the World to be held this July in Lima, Peru.

At a dinner meeting following a liturgy celebrated by the Most Rev. Thomas J. Welsh, JEFFERSON CITY (NC) Bishop Michael F. McAuliffe has the Bishop of the newly erected caned on Catholics in the Jef- Diocese of Arlington, announceferson City diocese to fast two ment was made of the nominee days a week in response to the' to replace Father Murphy at the Catholic Conference. U.S. bishops' pastoral plan to U. S. Named to be the new Director resolve the world food crisis. The bishop excluded meat in for Campus and Young Adult his call to cut back on food con- Ministry is Rev. Patrick H. sumption because of an oversup- O'Neill, OSA, formerly the Direcply of beef in this predominantly tor of Campus Ministry in the rural farming diocese which lies Diocese of Orlando, Florida and along the Mississippi and Mis- Chairman of the Catholic Campus Ministry Association. souri rivers. Bishop McAuliffe called for New Programs more intensified fasting in his Christmas pastoral letter and Also announced was the forasked for fasting on Wednesdays mation of the National Institute and Fridays in an interview with for Campus Ministries, whose the diocesan newspaper, the basic purpose is to help Jews Catholic Missourian. and Christians in higher educa-

tion to fulfill their ministries more effectively through pro· grams of research, continuing education, consultation, and

Black Catholic Created Lord In England LONDON (NC) - Dr. David Pitt, a black Catholic who is chairman of the Greater London Council, civic administrators of the whole London region apart from a small central area, has been made a lord. 'In Queen Elizabeth's New Year distribution of honors she created him a life peer. This gives him a seat in the House of Lords, the upper chamber of Parliament, but is' not a' hereditary title to be passed on to his children. The new peer-his formal title was not immediately announced -is 61 and comes from Grenada in the West Indies. He has a medical practice in northwest 'London, is a magistrate and has twice stood as a candidate for Parliament. Thirteen years ago Dr. Pitt became the first West Indian to be elected to the London County Council. A worker for many years in the field of community relations, he is a former chairman of the Campaign Against Racial Discrimination.

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communication in regional areas. Rev. Myron B. Bloy, Jr., former Executive Director of the Church Society for College Work, based in Cambridge, Massachusetts has been named the first Director of the new Institute. Diocese In the Diocese of Fall River the work of Campus Ministry is coordinated through t'he office of Rev. Michel G. Methot, Associate Director for Adult Education. Serving as campus ministers in ,the Diocese are Rev. John J. Smith, at Southeastern Massachusetts University; Rev. Harold J. Wilson at Bristol Community College; Rev. George W. Coleman at Cape Cod Community College; Rev. Brian J. Harrington at Wheaton College, Nor-ton; and Rev. Timothy J. Goldrick, at the Massachusetts Maritime Academy, Buzzards . Bay.

TOKYO (NC) - The protest movement among Korean Catholics and Protestants against repressive policies of President Park Chung Hee moved irl,to a new phase in early January as the prestigious Seoul daily newspaper, the Dong-a IIbo (East Asia Daily News) con· fonted an allegedly government· instigated campaign to force advertisers to withdraw from the paper as punishment for its out· spoken resistance to government policies. Some 2,500 people attended a Catholic vigil Mass for human rights at Seoul's Myongdong Cathedral on the evening of Jan. .9. The Mass, concelebrated by more than 100 priests, was the latest in a series of such Masses held at intervals of two or three weeks since the arrest and imprisonment of Bishop Daniel Tji of Wonju in July 1974. The Mass was sponsored by the National Priests' Association for the Preservation of Justice, an organization whose membership now includes more than half the priests in' Korea. Although Cardinal Stephen Kim of Seoul did not take part in the Jan. 9 Mass, the Priests' Association is reported to have his full support and to work in close cooperation with him.

Editor to Receive Journalism Award MIIJWAUKEE (NC) - Mary Lou Beatty, assistant managing editor of the Washington Post, will receive the 1975 By-Line Award of the Marquette University College of Journalism at the annual By-Line program Feb. 21. Ms. Beatty, a 1955 Marquette journalism alumnus, was selected for the award by the journal· ism faculty. As assistant managing editor of the Post, Ms. Beatty is responsible for the paper's science, education and religion coverage, its Sunday magazine and Sunday commentary and TV magazines. Before she joined the Post in 1963, Ms. Beatty was a reporter with the Chicago Tribune for two years and a member of a weekly paper staff before that.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese oHall River-Thurs. Jan. 30, 1975

Pope Paul Offers Mass for Unity

Followillg Christmas It is not too soon for Catholics to begin thinking of the coming season of Lent. It seems, of course, as if Christmas has just finished. Indeed, in many Churches, the Christmas altar decorations are still showing forth remnants of their former splendor. But the white Mass vestments have given place to green and the purple ones are just waiting in the wings. So there must be some thought given to what kind of a Lent it will be. At Christmas the whole Church re-lives the coming of Christ. But Catholics cannot afford to bask in that fact alone. Christ came for a purpose and the purpose was the salvation of mankind and, as St. Augustine once wrote, "God, Who created you without your consent, will not redeem you without your cooperation." The joy at the coming of Christ is meant to spur Christians to action. And the only worthy action is to enter into the life of Christ which means to enter into His death that one might come to the glory of His resurrection, and one's own. Lent puts the emphasis on dying, not in a morbid selfcentered way but in a liberating Christ-centered manner. It is a matter of one's dying to himself, to those elements within oneself that are unworthy, and so, in this way, entering into the dying of Christ. And then there is the great freedom that comes from being delivered from what is unworthy and entering into the freedom of the children of God, those who find themselves unchained from the yoke of slavery to sin and free and willing and anxious to unite themselves to their Father with and through and in Jesus Christ their Brother. 'These are the reflections people would do well to think upon as the Church's spiritual retreat of Lent comes nearer to its beginning.

Victims Already As prices stay high and more people fall into the ranks of the unemployed, one fact remains clear: those who are the most helpless should not be made victims of the recession. People on fixed incomes and those receiving welfare benefits should not have to suffer a freeze on their income or, worse still, a reduction in what they have to live on. It is sometimes fashionable to decry the welfare system as being topheavy with able-bodied people dodging work and taking shameless advantage of the rest of the working force by collecting something for doing nothing. The fact is that the vast majority of those on welfare are mothers and children and those legitimately unable to work. If there are cheats, and there are, those should be weeded out. But it would be a sad day when the richest nation in the world could not provide for those of its members who have valid needs and who look to the rest of the country to help them, through government programs, to live in some measure of sufficiency and di~nity. There are some aspects of justice and charity that only the government is able to undertake succesfully and well. Those who have a heart for their fellow men should expect the government to do just this and should be quick to protest any suggestion of victimizing further those who are victims already.

@rbe ANCHOR OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER

Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722

675-7151

PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D.

GENERAL MANAGER

FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATOR Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan

Rev. Msgr. Daniel F. Shalloo, M.A.

ASSISTANT MANAGERS Re1f. John P. Driscoll

Rev. John R.. Foister . . . . . leary Press-Fall Rive:

"They Would Gladly. Eat The Crumbs."

How Different Are Catholic Schools Continued from Page Ont' and family life, 64 per cent; -Preparation for college, 64 per cent. On the other hand, 75 per cent of the Catholic parents surveyed thought that public schools had better physical education programs, while 54 per cent of the parents thought that public sc!:<>ols made better provision for slow learners. 'Desirable Quality' In all, however, 90 per cent of the parents surveyed thought that Catholic schools have a "unique and desirable quality not found in public schools." In addition, 83 per cent of the parents believed that part-time religious instruction is no substitute for a Catholic school, and 76 per cent thought th~t every Catholic child should spend some time in a Catholic school. Financial Support Despite financial pres§ures already felt by the parents when the survey was taken in the summer of 1974, 70 per cent thought that Catholics should maintain their own schools and 71 per cent thought that the entire Catholic community (and not just the families of students) has the responsibility to support Catholic schools. While 78 per cent of the parents said that lay teachers in Catholic schools sbould receive the same salaries as public school tea c her s , 61 per cent said they believed that Catholic school salaries could not match the salaries paid to public school teachers. The Catholic parents, however, did not think that Catholic schools completely fulfilled their obligation of religious education for their children. The survey revealed that 85 per cent of the parents admitted that Catholic schools could not do the entire job of religious education. The reasons parents gave for sending children to Catholic schools were consistent with

ROME (NC) - In a solemn ceremony for Christian unity. Pope Paul VI said that disunity ·amo~g Christians weakens efforts at achieving reconciliation and damages the force of the Christian message. Pope Paul, who celebrated a Mass marking the close of the week of Prayer for Christian Unity at the Basilica of St. PaulOustide-the-Walls here, said also that reconciliation among Christians "is one of the central aims" of the 1975 Holy Year. During his homily at the evening Mass, attended by many cardinals, bishops and laity, the Pope noted that he was both saddened and made hopeful by the current state of ecumenical relations. "The division among Christians has succeeded in damaging and often even humiliating the richness of the Christian message. It has made it lose its effectiveness in the work of reconciliation with God which is a mission which the Church must continue till the end of time," the Pope declared. He noted that he had said in the document proclaiming 1975 a Holy Year: "Reconciliation of all men with God our Father depends in fact on the reestablishment of communion between those who have already recognized and accepted Jesus Christ in faith ItS the Lord of Mercy..." The Pope added: "How, in fact, can we witness with coherence that God has reconciled us to Himself if we do not show that we ourselves are reconciled to those who are believers and baptized in His name?"

their views of wby Catholic schools were better than public schools. Reasons Important reasons parents gave for sending children to Catholic schools included: -Religious moral atmosphere, 93 per cent; -Sense of moral values, 92 per cent; Pastor's Mass' -Strict discipline, 84 per cent; A Month's Mind Mass for the -Religious exercises, 82 per repose of the soul of Rev. Leo cent; -Quality of education, 80 per T. Sullivan, late pastor of Holy Name Church in New Bedford, cent; -Religious teachers teaching will be celebrated in Holy Name Church on Tuesday evening, religion, 78 per cent; -Development of personal February 4, at 7 P.M. responsibility and freedom, 64 >lrll'l""""""""""""""'IIII"""""",i,''''''''1111''11''1111''''''11111111'''''''''''''11''111'''' per cent; -Doctrinal orthodoxy, 63 per Significantly, 70 per cent of cent; those surveyed said they would -Dress codes, 62 per cent; support an annual fund raising -'Dedicated lay teachers, 53 drive in which tax deductible per cent; contributions could be made for -Parental obligation to send the continuance of the Catholic children to Catholic school, 51 educational system. per cent. Father Diamond explained that Significantly, 80 per cent of families of alI social, economic the parents surveyed said that and educational background the racial mixture in public from all sections of the archdioscbools would not be an impor- cese were contacted in the scitant factor in their decson to entifically structured survey. send a child to Catholic high The average respondent, he school rather than to public noted, was between 41 'and 50 school. years of age, had gone to CathOther factors which the par- olic elementary school, had a ents did not consider as impor- • high school diploma and came tant in the decision to send a from a family with a gross inchild to Catholic high school or come of $15,000 a year. not were distance from Catholic Democratic in Views high school (60 per cent did not He said that the parents surconsider is an important factor) veyed were very democratic in and tuition costs (54 per cent did thzir view of Catholic education. not consider it an important fac- To achieve the goal of every tor). Catholic child spending at least Tax Deductibles some time in Catholic school, Regarding methods of support Father Diamond said, 68 per for Catholic education, 89 per cent of the parents thought that cent of' tbz parents surveyed more affluent parishes should thought that the needs of Cath- support the educational efforts olic schools should be brought of poorer parishes. Eighty-one to the attention of legislators per cent of the parents surveyed and 86 per cent thought that rejected the notion that Catholic public funds should be provided schools should concentrate on for instruction in non-religious the education of an elite or on the trainin~ of future leaders. sUb~ects .


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Jan. 30, 1975

5

Decline in Seminary Enrollment Slows WASHINGTON (NC}-The total number of students studying for the priesthood within the United States has declined 2.2 per cent in the past year. According to the latest figures just released by the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA) here, the total number of student!> studying for the priesthood in the United States is 16,948 for the 1974-75 school year. On the high school level there are 6,712 (down 3.2 per cent) on the college level 4,796 (down 1.8 per cent), on the theology level 5,007 (down 0.6 per cent), and in the novitiate 433 (down 11 per cent). The sole gain of the past year was recorded by students of Religious communi-

PRO-UFE CELEBRATION: Rev. Raymond Hirt, OFM, offered a Pro-Life Mass and blessed the children present as a project of the "Massachusetts Citizens for Life" as a protest against the Supreme Court's decision on abortion.

Life Is Celebrated Continued from Page One afternoon, when they were unfurled at a rally of tens of thousands on the great steep steps at the west front of the Capitol. To herald their arrival, more than 18,000 fresh red roses arrived in the offices of the lawmakers that morning with the compliments of the organizers of the March for Life, as this rally was called by its organizers. Once out of the office buildings, where few had gotten past the ranks of secretaries, administrative aides and legislative aides who act as a polite buffer (and in some cases rebuffer) for the lawmakers, the unlikely army of lobbyists hoved through the remnants of the day-beforeyesterday's snowstorm to the foot of the Capitol. The long round of speeches began. Anti-Rockefeller There were many cheers from the crowd, estimated by Park Police at about 25,000 and by organizers at between 48,000 and 53,000. (In either case it was well above last year's crowd at the March for Life.) The cheers arose principally at declarations of determination to get a human life amendment through Congress and thus nullify the Supreme Court's twoyear old decision that most state laws restricting abortion were unconstitutional. There were boos too, mainly reserved for the frequent mention of Vice President Nelson

Supports Waiting Period on Divorce WASHINGTON (NC) - The U. S. Supreme Court has ruled 6-3 that a state may impose a waiting period on new residents seeking a divorce. The court ruled on a case, Sosna v. Iowa, involving a oneyear waiting period in Iowa. In the past the court held unconstitutional other residence requirements, voting rights and medical care. But the majority decision, written by Justice William Rehnquist, held that residence requirements for divorce involved only "delay," and not the "total deprivation" of the other restrictions.

In

Dead of Winter

Rockefeller, who as governor of New York had vetoed repeal of the state-s wide-open abortion law. Accusations of fence-sitting by many federal lawmakers on the explosive abortion issue also aroused the scorn of the crowd.

New Bedford Program In the city of New Bedford, the anniversary of the Supreme Court decision was observed by Masses held at Our Lady's Chapel and Sacred Heart Church. A feature of the Masses was the blessing of children and The Mass in Sacred Heart Church was sponsored by the Fourth Degree Knights of Columbus of the area. The education coordinator of Birthright of New Bedford. Gordon Baker of St. Mary's Parish, the program, speaking of pointed out that "first duty of government is to protect lives." He stated that the Supreme Court has violated the principle of life at the level of the unborn child and very few people seem to care. Mr. Baker called upon people "to move toward creating a society in which material pursuits and possessions are not the goals of our lives; where no child' is hungry or neglected; where even defective children are valued because they call forth our power to love and serve without reward." Turning toward a brighter aspect of the question, Mr. Baker noted that some people in higher authority are making efforts to change the tide: "There are groups like Birthright who are offering an alternative to abortion, giving shelter, food and clothing and counseling and caring for young mothers-to-be. There are doctors and nurses who value life enough to offer their services to sustain that life. There are organizations like the Knights of Columbus who are not afraid to stand up and be counted as evidenced by several billboards in the area. Jesus Christ gave His life for us. We can hardly deny these innocent human beings a small part of our own."

There were cheers and laughter when one speaker called the silence of such lawmakers "not golden. but yellow." When someone was about to sing "Impossible Dream," an organizer asked the crowd if it thought a human rights amendment were possible, the answer was a resounding, "No." Wave Roses Rally participants were more camera-aware at the 1975 rally than they had been in 1974, and often held up signs or straightened banners when lenses were turned in their direction. One of the favorite methods of cheering was to wave one of the plastic red roses clutched or worn by thousands of the marchers. Teenagers especially thrust and swished them as if they were football team pennants instead of symbols of unborn life. When the march began and Miss Nellie Gray, a Washington attorney who organized the rally, announced a march route to the south of the speakers' platform, the crowd had to be parted like the biblical sea so that the lead banner could be carried through. Some marchers held hands as they strode around the Capitol and some sang songs ("All we are saying is give life a chance"), but most just walked at a steady and sometimes brisk pace carrying their signs.

ties on the theology level whose number rose from 1,661 to 1,671. These declines, however, are in sharp contrast to the more drastic decline registered the previous year. In that year the total number of students studying for the priesthood declined from 19,463 to 17,334, a loss of 10.9 per cent. That year the high school enrollment declined 3.4 per cent, the college 18.8 per cent and the theology 13.2 per cent.

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Patristic Society Leaders Named CHICAGO (NC)-At the annual meeting of the North American Patristic Society here Dec. 30, Cistercian Father David L. Balas, director of the graduate program of theology at the University of Dallas, Tex., was elected vice-president and president-elect. He succeeds Prof. R. M. Grant of the University of Chicago, who automatically became president after serving a term as vice president. The society is an organization of theologians and scholars who specialize in patristics, the study of the early Christian theologians known as Fathers of the Chur(:h.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Jan. 30, 1975

6

(lard ino I Asse rts Abortions TrQ'gic

Let's Imitate Christ's Love In Year o:f Reconciliation Why is it so difficult to love as Christ asked? "Love one another, as I have loved you." "Love God. Love your neighbor." "Love your enemies." Christ loved the poor, the sinners, the weak. He even loved those who crucified Him. No lip service.... He really did it! And how do we imi- ing others ... but anyone of us can enumerate the sins of tate Him? We love the poor someone we don't like. . . . providing they are deWe're certainly ~II not doing serving. We'd gladly carry a meal to a little old widow who is sick. But would we as cheerfully carry the same meal to

By

MARY CARSON an unwed mother who was too drunk to get out of bed? We firmly believe in racial equality ... as long as a black or Puerto Rican doesn't get the promotion we expected. We knew the evils of Nazism in World War II, and commended those who fled Germany in those years. But those who left the U.S. rather than fight the war in Viet Nam . that's a different story. Drug addiction is a multifaceted illness; it should be treated ... in someone else's neighborhood. Retarded and handicapped children must be helped lead normal lives ... as long as they are kept -out of sight. This should be a year of reconciliation . . . but a former priest is the last person who will be permitted to act as an extraordinary minister. All Guilty We preach ecumenism' and unity. -.. as long as everyone agrees WE are right. Christ refused to condemn the adulteress ... but a woman who has had an abortion should be publicly condemned. Christ warned us about judg-

Consulta.tion on Value Of Pastoral Letter WASHINGTON (NC) - An extensive consultation - by - mail with Catholic scholars throughout the United States is now underway as part of the process of preparing the Catholic bishops' planned pastoral letter on moral values in society. The ad hoc committee of bishops responsibile for drafting the pastoral has sent invitations to the members of six national Catholic scholarly societies to su~it their ide~s and recommendations for the pastoral. Membership in the six groups totals about 8,000. The invitations have gone to the membership of the Catholic Theological Society of America, the American Catholic Philosophical Association, the College Theology Society, the Catholic Biblical Association, the Canon Law Society of America, and the American Catholic Historical Association.

every one of these things . . . but there's a little of it in each of us. We defend our prejudices, claiming we won't be compromised. There's a time to put our foot down. We shouldn't let ourselves be pushed beyond a certain limit! But where is that point?" How do we determine that limit which shouldn't be crossed? Is it when we are threatened? Are lies being used to accuse us of things we never did? Are we persecuted . . . ridiculous? Are the things we believe in being challenged? . Where did Christ draw the line . . . as He hung dying on His cross? Where do we draw the line? Let's Try I doubt we can fully achieve His kind of love. But we can try. Each day, for this year, of reconciliation,. let's try to make a bit of progress toward the love Christ asked. That neighbor we can't stand. See one thing good in him. And erase one hard thought we've had. The fellow-worker who's such a bore. Instead of walking away, really try listening to him. The child who is such a worry to his parents. Let them dwell on his good points. I believe that if for one year we all work on loving as Christ did . . . with the same wholehearted enthusiasm with which we feed our prejudices . . . we will "renew the face of the earth."

Archbishop Appointed To Bicentennial Post WASHINGTON (NC) - President Gerald R. Ford has named Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincinnati, president of the National Conference of Cath:>lic Bishops and United States Catholic Conference (NCCB-USCC), as a member of the American Revolution Bicentennial Advisory Council. The 25-person council, whose members were announced here Jan. 20, will serve as advisors to John W. Warren, administrator of the - American Revolution Bicentennial Administration (ARBA). ARBA is the national government agency for coordinating and sponsoring activities related to the celebration of the nation's 200th birthday in 1976. The listing of members of the advisory council includes leaders in virtually every major sector of American life-in religion, labor, community affairs, homemaking, publishing and communications, the academic world, the arts, the worlds of business and industry, and racial and ethnic groups.

SETON DESK: Superior General Sister Hildegarde Marie Mahoney examines memorabilia of Blessed Elizabeth Seton at the motherhouse of the Sisters of Charity of St. Elizabeth, Convent Station, N.J. The objects are medallion from daughter, Catherine, Mother Seton's picture of St. Catherine, and the biretta and zuchetto of grandson Archbishop Robert Seton. Representatives of orders founded by Mother Seton urged at a meeting that her canonization Sept. 14 be kept simple. NC Photo.

Modeled o-n God's Love Diocesan Bureaus Urge Restoration Of Family Discipline NEWARK (NC) - In a statement released here the directors of New Jersey's diocesan family life bureaus called for restoration of a healthy sense of family discipline. This was one of the steps they advocated to advance the health of the family, and through the family the moral strength of the nation, in their annual assess路 ment of family life problems. The directors also called for rediscovery of a dimension of love modeled upon that which God has for His family, for the promotion of respect for all human life in all its phases, and for respect and reverence between parents and children. Commenting on the state of family life, they said, "It is our sincere belief that the nuclear family (a family consisting of parents and children) will continue to flourish," even though "it is threatened by various physical and ideological attacks." Such a family is still "the

Nuclear Energy Ours is a world of nuclear giants and ethical' infants. -Bradley

mainstay of society," the directors said. They also declared that a healthy economy is necessary for the health of the family, and admitted that the outlook for the family is grim from this viewpoint in the second half of the decade. Declaring that the demise of the traditional family would mean the disintegration of the financial, social, spiritual and cultural strength of the American system, they called on society to provide contributory strength'to family life.

NEW YORK (NC) - The U.S. Supreme Court's 1973 abortion decisions "permitting the destruction of unborn human life virtually on request" have had "tragic" results, Cardinal Terence Cooke of New York told an audience at St. Patrick's Cathedral here. Speaking at a Mass celebrating the 75th anniversary of the archdiocese's Catholic Home Bureau, the cardinal praised the bureau for "a spirit of respect for life, and for young children especially, which the world of 1973 seems to have lost." He reminded the group that Jan. 22 marked the second anniversary of the high court's abortion decisions. "The court's action has eroded respect for human life and established a climate of social permissiveness that has dramatically increased the number of abortions in the United States," he said. "At the present rate, it is estimated that by 1980 there will be one abor路 tion for every two live births. "One cannot be insensitive to this terrible destruction of human life," he continued. "The unpleasant fact is that the vast majority of abortions have nothing to do with preserving the life of the mother, but are performed for reasons of personal convenience." Cardinal Cooke rejected the Supreme Court's view, which he described as saying that unborn life "is somehow less meaningful than other human life." "Here and now, we affirm once again that human life is precious and beyond simple material evaluation," he said. "It is a gift from God which must be protected and sustained at every point of its existence."

Urges More Generous Food Relief Policy NEWARK (NC)-The Newark Archdiocesan Institute of Social Relations has asked that steps be taken to encourage President Ford's Administration to adopt a more generous food relief policy. In a statement released by Father John L. Paprocki, director of the institute, it was not~d that the President "has the authority to utilize the Commodity Credit Corp. to increase food aid to miJ.Iions of starving people around the world." "He could send as much as 10 times the aid we are now sending without further legislation," the statement said. If starvation is to be avoided, it added, "U. S. food contI1ibu.lions. must be increased significantly" in the weeks and months ahead.

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10

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Jan. 30, 1975

Book Shows Inner Working Of Big Fencing Operation Stealing and robbing are on.the increase in our society. They have reached astounding proportions. Those who commit these crimes need to dispose of the goods they acquire. Ready to serve them is the person kn<?wn as the fence. A presidential task force on crime reported in business for 30 years, he has spent only eight months in jail. 1967 that "little research has Vincent has been ripping off been done on fencing despite practically from' childhood. A its central role in .professional crime." Carl B. Klockl;lrs, a sociologist, presents an intensive study of

By RT. REV. MSGR. JOHN S. KENNEDY

one professional in that line of dirty work in his book The Professional Fence (Free Press, 866 Third Ave., N. Y. 10022. 242 pages. $8.95). He won the confidence of a professional fence, aged 60, to whom he gives the pseudonym of Vincent, and interviewed him weekly, or even more often, for a period of 15 months. Vincent is a generalist. That is, he does not specialize in any one line of stolen goods, ~such 'as jewelry. He handles just - about everything: clothing, plumbing supplies, electrical appliances, typewriters, dentists' equipment, film, perfumes, etc. Various Customers These he sells in a store indistinguishable from legitimate retail outlets. The store is equipped with an alarm system. After all, Vincent does not want to be victimized by burglars. His customers are of many different stores. ~ome are poor people, others are workers in nearby offices and stores. But "probably the largest single group of Vincent's retail customers is in some way connected with law enforcement"-policemen, detectives, lawyers ... an, occasional judge, ... customs officials, ... an insurance adjuster or two, private detectives, and crime reporters." His sources of supply are various. Shoplifters bring their take to him (by the way, we learn that shoplifters do their thing mostly during the lunch hour, when stores are busiest. Drivers of delivery trucks drop off cartons of goods. Warehouse employees furnish him with abundant merchandise. There are others. Former Bootlegger Vincent is shrewd in dealing with these people. They get from him only a small fraction of the value of what they bring. He is shrewd, as well, in conceding the crookedness of his operation. That he is a fence is an open secret, but he knows the art of protective coloration. He is shrewd in still another way. On the rare occasions when he is hailed into court, he is a marvel of acting skill and a master of lesal technicalities. In

biographical sketch shows that when he was 12 years old, he was already making $70 or $80 a week by selling such things as phony furs. In the Prohibition era he was engaged in hijacking and bootlegging. He became a recruiter and supplier of peddlers of fraudulent articles. Finally, the store. 'Business Man' He does not regard himself as a criminal. "I'm a business man," he says. "I never stole nothin' in my life." If he doesn't do what ST. STANISLAUS PARISmONERS REJOICE: Rev. Robert S. Kaszynski, pastor, joins he is doing someone else will, he with parishioners as the $200,000 parish debt is burned during a banquet that followed a declares. And he points to the concelebrated Mass of Thanksgiving. hypocrisy all through our society. He says that "9 out of 10 people got larceny. Maybe even 99 out of 100." Besides he treats people right, has been generous to the poor, contributes to worMembers of St. Stanislaus to a climax 13 years of general any time for the building prothy causes. parish, Fall River, last Sunday renovations to the parish plant, grams. He is proud of helping one celebrated retirement of a including work on the church, Only 500 thief to stop wasting his profits $200,000 debt with a two-part convent, rectory and lower In expressing gratitude to and start saving. He began ceremony of thanksgiving, be- church auditorium. parishioners, Rev. Robert S. holding back a portion of what gining with a concelebrated The estimated cost of all the Kaszynski, pastor noted that he was paying for articles the Mass attended by city officials projects was $700,000, of which St. Stanislaus numbers but 500 thief brought to him, and in and representatives from every ,$500,000 was donated in cash families, of whom 25 per cent three months the thief had accu- sector of parish life. Following or labor, leaving only the bal- are "senior citizens on very mulated $I,50Q for a do~n pay- the Mass a flame from an altar ance to be borrowed. Volunteer meager incomes." ment on a house. "Don't get me candle was transported to an labor, for instance, was responWalter J.P. Gosciminski headwrong. I made a lot of money area restaurant for a mortgage sible for almost all convent and off of Artie, but I set him burning ceremony and dinner rectory renovations, and no spe- ed the program committee for straight too." And Artie's wife dance altended by nearly 1000 cial collections were taken at Sunday's celebration, aided by Stephen Kulpa and Joseph Grois everlastingly grateful. parishioners and ftiends. mada as co-chairmen and a This book is worthwhile beTen representatives of parish large committee of pari~hioners. cause it is a pioneering work of organizations lit individual ta- Say U.S. Violates its kind, revealing for the first pers from the altar flame for Vietnam Peace time the inner workings of a big the burning ceremony, then WASHINGTON (N'C)-Thirty"BUCKY" fencing operation. It is probably blended their flames into one even more worthwhile because it "to symbolize the common ef- six religious leaders, including The Television King details the personal development fort and sacrifice which were five Catholics, have signed a EASTERN TV of a major figure in the working ingredients in bringing this statement charging the United States with violating the Vietof crime in one city, the mental- happy day about." & nam peace agreement. ity of this man, his self-justifiThe common flame was then APPLIANCE The statement, prepare61 by cation, and social situation used to burn the mortgage. the American Friends Service 1196 Bedford Street which enables him to operate. The celebration marked not Committee, called on the United Fall River, Mass. Such knowledge is important if only the retirement of the debt States to "live up to its pledged crime control is to succeed. Dial 673-9721 incurred in building a new word at Paris," site of the signNow the Mugger SALES AND SERVICE school bulding and parish cenMuch more feared than the ter seven years ago, but brought ing of the agreement about two Smlnl the .r.. for 'VIr 25· ,lIrs years ago. ' fence is the mugger. James Willwertb. author of Jones: Portrait of a Mugger (Evans, 50 W. 57th He committed his first mugSt., N. Y. 10019. 251 pages, $7.95), is a journalist. He spent ging when he was 18. This was four months in the company of to get money for dope, and it is a mugger whose identity he for the same reason that he has cloaks with the name Jones. continued mugging. Mr. WillDuring that period, the author werth figures that, if Jones is and the mugger met three times telling the truth, his take would . There's a lot to like about Fernandes Super Markets . a week, and what the former be the equivalent of an annual learned about the latter he re- salary of $25,000. Serviced Fish and Deli, Serviced In. store Bake Shops, ports in his book. Yet Jones is aiways broke. Luncheonettes, Convenient Customer Rest Rooms. Try us .•• Jones is 24 years old, a New Once he has money, he has a Yorker, the son of a black father compulsion to .spend it immediYou'll like us, too! and a white mother. His father ately. Much goes for drugs, the is a postal clerk, his mother . rest chiefly for flashy clothes. works in a hospital. They have Jones has a very large wardrobe. nothing to do with crime, and Mr. Willwerth is convirtced deplore their son's way of life. that we will have muggers as Started at 18 long as society tolerates ghettos. Jones is personable, but stut- He maintains that police work ters. He was always afraid of alone cannot stop street crime. failure in school, which he left at He says that the ghetto people 32 Stores' in Southeastern Massachusetts 17. He is a Navy dropout and must be seen as human beings, has been in prison. He first usea and that genUine efforts to reOPEN DAILY 8 a.m.• 9 p. m. drugs when he was 13. He was habilitate criminals must be on heroin for awhile, but kicked made. MONDAY thru SATURDAY that habit. Now he uses cocaine, Both Vincent and Jones have smokes l'0t, drinks. Cathoilc backgrounds .of a sort.

Jubilation Reigns at Debt Retirement

Food is our product ••• Service is our pride!


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Jan. 30, 1975

First Woman Envoy to Vatican Presents Credentials to Pope VA'f.IOAN CITY (NC)-With a reference to the International Women's Year and to the pride she felt in her unique appointment, the first woman ambassador to the Holy See presented to Pope Paul VI Jan. 23, her credentials as representative of Uganda. Miss Bernadette Olowo, who doubles as Uganda's ambassador to West Germany, told Pope Paul: "in this International Women's Year for which Your Holiness has expressed good will, allow me to say that I feel a particular sense of satisfaction to have had this rare opportunity of making a humble contribution in the development of society.... "I am also certain that all other women, especially those from my beloved country, share with me the great honor and pride that Your Holiness has deigned to receive me." The Pope, who received the 27-year-old ambassador in the small throne room at the Vatican, and then accompanied her to his library, gave a brief talk in which he mentioned his pilgrimage to Uganda in 1969. He did not, however, make mention

of women or Miss Olowo's unique position. Last November the Pope received Hilvi Sipila, secretary general of the United Nationssponsored International Women's Year. He told the UN official that he saw efforts to advance the status of women as a "call of the spirit." In his talk to the new ambassador, the Pope praised Uganda as "one of the foremost Christian nations in Eastern Africa." He added: "We take this occa, sion to reaffirm the commitment of the Church to work loyally through her institutions for the integral good of the entire (Uganda) nation." Relations between the government of Uganda President Idi Amin and the Catholic Church in Uganda have been unsteady for years. Repressive measures have been taken against the Catholic press in that country and dozens of European missionaries were expelled by the president in 1972. Last November, however, President Amin was quoted in Uganda newspapers as saying that his government would always help missionaries since they had done much for his country.

Right-to-Life Speaker Predicts Anti-Abortion Amendment Coming HOUSTON (NC) - A proponent of r.ight-to-life predicted here that a constitutional amendment negating the Supreme Court decision of Jan. 22, 1973, legalizing abortion is inevitable. Kenneth D. Whitehead, 44, executive vice president of the national Catholics United for the Faith, Inc. (CUF) based in New Rochelle, N.Y., explained that the members of CUF are advocating Pope Paul V'l's encyclical letter Humanae Vitae (Of Human Life) through the mass media and in speeches across the country. Speaking "In Defense of Human Life" at St. Thomas University here Jan. 14, Whitehead said, "We are taking a Catholic position in favor of the moral teachings of the Church, and last Nov. 18 the Vatican reminded us that the Church doesn't recognize the moral right to kill an innocent, unborn child." An ad-

Refuses to Review Textbook Case

WASHINGTON (NC) - The U. S. Supreme Court has refused to review a Missouri court ruling that a state law allowing the lending of textbooks to church schools is unconstitutional. The action means that the Missouri Supreme Court decision will stand. The challenge to the Missouri courts filed by attorney Louis DeFeo of the Missouri Catholic Conference on behalf of parents of children attending Catholic, Jewish and Protestant schools, called the state decision "invidiously discriminatory." The case centered'on a state law which called for the lending of textbooks "to all pupils residing in the district on an equitable basis and without discrimination on the grounds of race, creed, color, national origin or s<;hool attended."

The Parish Parade Publicity chairmen of oarish organizations are asked to submit news items for this column to The Anchor, P. O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722. Name of city or town shOUld be Included, as well as full dates of all activities. Please send news of future rather than past events.

FIRST: Miss Bernadette Olowo, Uganda's ambassador to West Germany, is also the first woman ambassador to the Holy See. She presented her credentials Jan. 23.

Msgr. Reardon Plans to Retire BLOOMFIELD (NC) - A famous World War II Navy chaplain will retire as pastor of Sacred Heart parish here in New Jersey on Feb. 1. Msgr. Thomas M. Reardon, who was the first chaplain to land at Guadalcanal when the Marines invaded that Pacific Island, has been the pastor here since 1965. Before that he was the pastor at St. James, Newark. Msgr. Reardon enlisted in the Navy prior to Pearl Harbor. His service on Guadalcanal was featured in the best seller by Richard Tregaskis, "Guadalcanal Diary." He remained on the island with the Marines until flown out because of illness. His role was played by Preston Foster in a movie based on the Tregaskis book, although in the film the name of the chaplain was fictional.

ditional reaffirmation against abortion, he cited, can be found in the Fifth Commandment "Thou shall not kilt" "CUF strongly supports the teachings of the Church against abortion 'and CUF is attempting to implement these teachings in our society by giving legal protection to the unborn. We want a constitutional amendment. that states you can't kill an innocent, unborn child because he has constitutional rights," Whitehead said. Another organization the highest court in the land must conoMsgr. Reardon remained in tend with, Whitehead said, is the National Right to Life Commit- the Navy until 1946, serving In tee. "If we can rally enough peo- Naval hospitals in Brooklyn and ple like we did last Jan. 22 with California after recovering. He 20,000 in the capital, we will reached the rank of lieutenant make additional impacts on the commander before' being dis,charged. justices:' The father of four sons and He earned a law degree in author of "Respectable Killing: 1948 and subsequently served as The New Abortion Imperative" regent of the School of Law at repeated that CUF favors a con- Seton Hall University, East stitutional amendment which Orange, N. J. For many years protects the life of the unborn he was a member of the editoin the true sense. "We believe rial board of the Advocate, newsthat there is life from the mo- paper of the Newark archdiment of conception," he stated. ocese. Whitehead charged that the court decisions legalizing abortion came about because far too many Catholics were passive spectators. "While we were so busy trying to be Americans 'a moral erosion took place and pornography, sexual perversion and abor路 tion became the in things," he said.

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Candles will be blessed prior to the 5 P.M. Mass Saturday, Feb. 1. Parents of students in SANTO CHRISTO, the parochial school are invited FALL RIVER to attend open house from 9 to The Council of Catholic Women li:25 A.M. Tuesday and Wedannounces a malasada supper and nesday, Feb. 4 and 5, in connecflea market for Saturday, Feb. tion with observance of Catholic 22 in the church hall at Colum- Schools Week. The school is bia and Canal Streets. The sup- also looking for volunteer inper will be served at 6:30 P.M. structors for a 10-week "miniand the flea market will follow. course" program held from Donations for the flea market 12:45 to 2 P.M. each Friday for are welcome and tickets for seventh and eighth graders. both events will be available Parents or other parishioners following all Masses until Feb.' with skills they are willing to 22. share are Wiked to call Sister Plans for the election of new Barbara at the school 674-9131. council officers will be discussed Altar boys of grammar school at the next regular meeting, set age will meet at 2:'30 this afterfor Tuesday, Feb. 11, with Miss noon in the church. Patricia Oliveira and Mrs. Lorraine Lima in charge of arrange- ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI, ments. NEW BEDFORD Mrs. Lima and Mrs. Margaret The Men's League will sponDyl are chairmen for a parish sor its third annual Snowflake dance from 8 to midnight Saturday, Feb. 8. Music will be by Ball Friday night, Feb. 7 at New Bedford Country Club, with the J ardinaires. cocktails served from 7 to 9 and IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, dancing following until 1 A.M. FALL RIVER to the music of the Bob St. Amour orchestra. A continental The annual meat pie supper breakfast will be served after of the Women's Guild will take the dance. Tickets may be replace at 6:30 P.M. Saturday, served by calling 994-8987, Feb. 1 in the church hall. Square 993-6883 or 996-2959. dancing will follow. Mrs. Jeannine Albernaz is chairman. ST. THERESA, The unit will sponsor a Val- SOUTH AlTLEBORO . entine whist at 8 P.M. Saturday, An international supper sponFeb. 8, also in the hall. Mrs. Margaret Charbonneau is in sored by the Confraternity of Christian Mothers will be held charge of arrangements. Monday, Feb. 3. Husbands are ST. JOSEPH, invited to attend. Entertainment AlTLEBORO will include banjo music by Rev. Robert Ryder. Annette Sirois is Parish Boy Scouts will partic- chairman. ipate on Saturday, Feb. 1 in taping a Mass to be televised at ST. PIUS X, 8:45 the following morning on SOUTH YARMOUTH Channel Six. The Women's Guild will meet Junior Corps members will leave at 7 P.M. Sunday, Feb. 2 at 7:30 P.M. Tuesday, Feb. 11 for a dinner at Venus de Milo in the parish hall. Yarmouth Fire Chief Dana Whittemore restaurant, Swansea. Women's Guild members will will speak on ambulance rescue sponsor a silent cake sale after service. The unit will sponsor a midwinter sandwich card party all Masses this weekend. at the hall at noon Wednesday, ST. ANN, Feb. 26. Mrs. Keith Bandera RAYNHAM will accept telephone reservations and may be called at The annual Valentine dance 394-4916. will take place at the Venus de Milo restaurant, Swansea on ST. CASIMIR. Friday, Feb. 14. A cocktail hour NEW BEDFORD from 6:30 to 7 P.M. will be followed by a roast chicken dinner The parish hall at 2056 Acush路 and dancing. Tickets may be net Ave. will be the scene of a reserved by calling Rita Man- whist party to be sponsored by ganaro, 822-6536; Jan Murphy, St. Casimir's Circle at 8 P.M. 822-6238; or Del Perry, 824-6308. Saturday, Feb. 15.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Jan. 30, 1975

Bishops' Position on Farm Labor Misrepresented

"' Parish With A Heart Aids Fire Victims

Four-Year-Old Heroine AI-erts All to Danger

TROY (NC) ...:.... It's hard not to know the Murphy family if you live in Sacred Heart paris-R here. The Catholic Register published in Toronto, Canada 'With 15 children passing through (not to be confused with the Nati~nal Catholic ~egister the parochial school or Catholic published in Huntington, Indiana) thmks that the time has Youth Organization (CYO), a come for church-related groups to reappraise their approach mother teaching in the upper grades and a father on the to the California farm labor school board; nearly every pari· dispute. In a January 11 edi- is important to recall the actual shioner has some tie with a wording of the 1973 resolution. torial entitled "A New Look It said, in summary, that the Murphy. Maybe that's why when fire at Grape Boycott. Migrant Bishops would support the boyWorkers," the Register says, cott until such time as free se- ripped through their home, ~he among other things, that "The cret ballot elections had been whole parish felt their loss. WIth least productive approach, to held to determine which union flames still gutting the structure, date, has been the grape boy· farm workers wanted to repre- the family received their first offers of help from their neighsent them. bors. A week later, the offers The record will show that the were still pouring in. . bish~ps, in adopting their 1974_ Neighbors donated enough resolution on legislation, agreed By with Bishop Donnelly's descrip- c10tbes "to fill a living room, tion of its purpose and clearly floor to ceiling," said Garret MSGR. understood that they were im- Murphy, an Albany educator and plementing, and not rev~rsing, father of the family. A Troy GEORGE G. their earlier resolution on the- shoe merchant has offered a pair HIGGINS boycott as cited above. In other of shoes and a pair of winter words, they will continue to boots for every person in the support the boycott until such family. A teacher in Sacred Heart School offered a vacant cott." The arguments which the time as free secret ballot elecflat to the family for as long tions have been held. MeanRegister adduces in support ~f as they need it. The Franciscans this conclusion are, to put It while they have pledged them- at St. Anthony's Seminary here mildly, inconclusive, but for selves to try to achieve the lat- gave the family seven dressers present purposes that's beside ter goal by means of legislation. and two bureaus. The fire deThis is not a new approach the point. The point is that, in partment donated eight beds developing its case against the on the part of the American from a fire house that has justboycott, the Register misrepr~­ bishops. They have long been in been dismantled. The police desents the position taken on thiS favor of farm labor legislation partment has collected more matter by the U. S. National which would provide for free than $600. Conference of Catholic Bishops. secret ballot elections and would The Register says that the be fair to all concerned. UnforChurch Collection U. S. National Conference of tunately, however, previous efSunday, Jan. 19 the second Catholic Bishops, which had en- forts to enact such legislation doned the boycott in 1973, has have been unsuccessful. It would collection at all the Masses in become "disenchanted with this now appear, however, that the Sacred Heart church was to go approach." The only evidence enactment of fair and equitable to the Murphy family. Children cited in support of this state- legislation within the reasonably in the school have brought in -ment is that the American Bish- near future is politically pos- $500. Every class is planning a shower: kindergartens and first ops at their 1974 annual meet- sible, if not probable. graders were to bring games for ing, unanimously adopted a resInfluence of Boycott the kids; second and th·itd gradolution calling for farm labor Responsible people on all legislation that would be just to sides of the farm labor dispute ers, kitchen utensils; fourth all parties. The Register inter· seem to be agreed that the time graders, canned goods; fifth and prets this to mean that the U. S. has come to move in this direc- sixth graders, towels and washBishops are disencha~ted with tion. For some this represents a cloths; and seventh and eighth graders, bed linens and trading the boycott. complete reversal of their ear- stamps. The officiaf minutes of the lier position on -this matter. I Sacred Heart School fed the November, 1974 meeting of the would attribute this in large Murphys the night of the fire National Conference of Catholic measure to the influence of the Bishops will show that any such boycott. I could be wrong about and offered tbem temporary inference is completely unwar- that, of course, but in any event shelter. The College of St. Rose in Albany offered the Murphys ranted. I sincerely hope that suitable The minutes read -as follows: legislation will be enacted very a home the night of the fire. "Bishop Donohoe, a member of soon. It is almost a half-century Families in Troy have taken turns inviting the Murphys to the Bishops' Committee on Farm overdl:le. dinner. High sc)1001 students Labor, introduced a resolution The bishops, for their part, on behalf of the Committee and are prepared to do everything from Catholic Central High the Bishops of NCCB Region XI, they possibly can to be of assis- School in Troy have baked and calling for legislation to assure tance to the parties in coming moved furniture for tbe family. the farm workers their right to to a reasonable consensus on Women of the parish have sorted elections by secret ballot of a this matter. During the second out clothes COllected at the union of their own choice. Bish- week of January, -the Bishops' school, at the police station and op Donnelly, chairman of the Committee on Farm Labor spent at a local restaurant. The pastor Committee, indicated the Com- three days in California confer- pitched in by babysitting for mittee's unanimous endorse- ring on this issue with a repre- some of the Murphy kids at the ment of the resolution and ex- sentative cross section of grow- rectory this past weekend. "I am amazed," is Mr. Murplained that it was a logical con- ers and with the leadership of quence (and not a reversal of the United Farm Workers, the phy's response to his neighbors' ,the 1973 boycott resolution) it Western -Conference of Team- generosity. "I didn't expect a penny. People have stopped me sters, and the California State at church and put envelopes in Miami University Federation of Labor. The com- my hand. They've been marvelmittee found that the parties ous. I had no idea this would To Cite Archbishop OXFORD (NC) - Archbishop are still at odds with one an- happen." Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincin- other in their approach to this Four-year-old Heroine nati, president of the National problem. Nevertheless we left

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Conference of Catholic Bishops, will be the speaker at tbe 136th annual commencement exercises of Miami University here in Ohio June 8. Dr. Phillip R. Shriver, Miami president, said the university would confer the honorary degree of Doctor of Humanities upon the archbishop at the commencement.

California much more optimistic than ever before about the -possibility of enacting a California farm labor bill which might selive as a model for the other states and prepare the way eventually for the enactment of federal legislation covering all farm workers throughout the nation. (© 1975 by NC News Service)

Wben the fire hit the Murphy home at noontime Jan. 9, the 0lde3t daughter, a mother herself, was babysitting for her own two children, two of her preschool brothers and sisters, and two other children home with the flu. Four-year-old Sarah noticed the fire which started in the family's wood-panneled game room where she was play-

. BOOTSTRAP OPERATION: Trying on boots donated' by parishioners at Sacred Heart, Troy, N.Y., are four of the 15 Murphy children whose home was destroyed by a recent, fire. From left are Kiernan, 9, Neil, 7, Evan, 11, and Dee, 8. Garrett Murphy is on the school board and his .~ife teac~es at Sacred Heart, so the family was well known m the pansh. ing with her little sister and nephew. She pulled the children to the top of the stairs, yelling for her older sister who closed off the basement and evacuated the rest of the children from the home. "If she hadn't acted we probably wouldn't have gotten the other children up," said Mr. Murphy of Sarah. Lesson in Faith The family's mother, Kathy Murphy, notified of the fire wbile teaching, rushed to the blaze with her principal who

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brought the children from the blaze to school to be with their other brotbers and sisters. Before school was dismissed, the principal sent home letters with every student listing the ages and the sizes of the Murphy children whose entire wardrobes had burned with the house. By· seven that night there were three carloads of clothes outside the faculy room where the Murphy's were having dinner. By the next morning there were so many clothes that volunteers started sorting them, sending at least half the donations to Unity House, a public service organization in Troy. In -the Sunday bulletin, Sacred Heart parish notified its parishioners about the second collection which will be taken this Sunday for the Murphys. "Let this be truly a 'thanksgiving gift' to a family who has given us a lesson of deep faith in God and love for one another, and that a home is not just a house or a nice place to live in. but a place where people love and care for each other," said the bulletin.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River"':"'Thurs. Jan.' 30, 1975

13

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KNOW YOUR FAITH Bishop Topel Speaks on Penance 'Bi5hop Bernard Topel of Spokane has become somewhat nationally famous in recent years. His personal example of prayerfulness and commitment to a simple life style have won the admiration of many in the Church, especially among those who favor a change in the customary manner bishops live and act.

By FR. JOSEPH M. '

CHAMPLIN

At the same time, more traditional oriented Catholics may feel le5s comfortable and enthusiastic about a shepherd who sells the episopal mansion and moves into a modest apartment with lower income neighbors, who cultivates his own garden and cooks his own food, who wants to free himself from the chancery desk -and mix with people, who 5hows a sympathy for those in trouble with the law. The diocesan liturgical commission members from throughout the United States who worshipped with Bishop Topel in Spokane at Our Lady of Lourdes cathedral during their annual conference fall into both cate-

gories. Most probably consider themselves progressive, anxious for change and heavily supportive of Bishop Topel's approach. The minority would likely judge themselves traditionalist5, more cautious about change, impressed, but not excited by Bishop Topel's style of leadership. Unexpected Message The sheer example of this bishop, however, commands respect wh~tever your viewpoint and thus when he began the homily both groups of participant5 listened intently. In his lengthy talk, Bishop Topel strongly urged frequent use of the sacrament of Penance (even suggesting a weekly confession of sins). It seemed a strange twist of roles. That was hardly the mes5age most "progressives" expected. Some of them, I know, responded negatively to his message even though they acknowledged the apparent holiness of the preacher. On the other hand, "traditionalists" seemed pleasantly 5urprised and endorsed with enthusiasm the thrust of that homily. Bishop Topel cited the teaching of St. Francis de Sales, the encyclical by Pius XII on the Mystical Body of Christ and the Liturgy Constitution from Vatican II in support of his position. Benefits Pope Pius in that papal doc· ument listed the&e benefits from Turn to Page Fourteen

II The Church's Mission To the World I By Msgr. Wilfrid H. Paradis and Sister Mariella Frye, M.H.S.H. (This i5 the fifth of 17 articles adapted from the text of the first draft of the National Catechetical Directory. This Directory is being designed to assist in the teaching of religion to all Catholics in the. United States today. You are encouraged to submit observations on every aspect of the proposed document.) Last week we considered the Church and the call to community which Je5us gave to those who would call themselves followers. The family, parish and the diocese were seen as basic communities. Today, we want to consider the much wider meaning of community, the Church's mission to the world. "The local community should be concerned about the needs of the people of God dispersed throughout the world. Chri5tians cannot confine their apostolic efforts within parish or diocesan boundaries. The mission of the Church is fulfilled (only) by that activity which makes her fully present to all men and nations." (V-II Missionary Activity, 5). We are called to extend our apostolic efforts to interparochial, interdiocesan, national and international fields, the more 50

because the daily increase in population mobility, the growth of mutual bonds, and the ease of communication no longer allow any section to remain closed in upon itself. "Because we are the community of the witnesses of the resurrection, anticipating now the life of the heavenly fulfillment, it is our task to discern in the world in which we live the trends and priorities and decisions that are bringing the world closer to the reign of God and those that are holding it back. It is our task to unmask the forces of sin and destruction in the structures and values of our society, that is, to discern 50cial sin and show it in its true light -a process that reluires prayer and fasting because it is so difficult to be sufficiently detached from self-interest in looking at the structure5 and assumptions of our society. Church For All "To be concerned with the community of all mankind is to be urgently concerned with social justice, and the worldwide sharing of material and· human resources, with the liberation of all who are oppressed, with the recognition of the human dignity of all human per· Turn to Page Fourteen

Penance, a Second Baptism, Renewal The new Order of Penance, or Rite for Reconciling penitents begins with the statement: "The Father has shown His mercy by reconciling the world to Him· 5elf in Christ, making peace with all things whether on earth or in heaven through the blood of His cross."

By REV. PAUL F. PALMER, S.J.

Jesus referred to His death on the cross as a Baptism which He eagerly awaited as the means of drawing all men to Himself and to the Father. Because of ChJ'ist's death, the death of "everyman" can be a dying with Christ, whether that death can be the sacramental dying in Baptism in water and the Spirit, the dying to sin in true repentenance perfected by love, or the martyr's dying with Christ in his own Baptism of blood. But what of the Christian who has "been baptized by the Spirit into one body," the body of Christ, and who through serious sin has "Abandoned his first love," with which he re5ponded to the Father's love? Can he be born again? Can he be recon'ciled again to the Father? Can he be restored to the Church, the body of Christ? Ideally speaking, there should be but "one Baptism for the forgiveness of sins," and in the early Church and down through the ages there have always been rigorist groups who have pressed the ideal to the point of excluding irrevocably from the Christian community th05e who have violated their baptismal vows. Penance: Conversion Against these rigorists the Church has always appealed to the infinite mercy of God, who knows our weakness, the stuff of which we are made, becau5e He has fashioned us, and the cunning of Satan, our adversary, Accordingly, the Fathers of Trent, faithful to the teaching of the past, condemned anyone who would say that "penance is not truly and properly a sacrament instituted by Christ our Lord for reconciling the faithful to God Himself, as often they fall into sin after baptism" (Sess. XXV, . Canon 1). The early Church referred to the 5acrament of Penance as a second baptism, a more laborious baptism, a baptism not in clear water but in the tears of the penitent. More was demanded of the penitent than of the can<:Iidate for baptism in water. In the new Rite of Penance, it is stated: "The Church 'possesses both water and tears: the water of baptism, the tear5 of penance." (Rite of Penance, No.2)." And the "more" is spelled out by the Fathers of Trent.

CONFESS SINS TO PRIEST: Confession requires in the penitent the will to open his heart to the minister of G?d. A priest and penitent take part in a face to face confeSSIOn in Germany. NC Photo. Unlike Baptism, in which pardon is granted by way of com· plete amnesty, the penitent "who has sinned but who has been moved by the Holy Spirit to come to the sacrament of Penance should above all be converted to God with his whole heart. This inner conversion of heart embraces sorrow for 5in and the' intent to lead a new ·life. It is expressed through confession made to the Church, due satisfaction, and amendment of life. God grants pardon for sin through the Church, which works by the ministry of priests." (Rite of Penance, No. 6) Confess to Priest Penitents will not be asked to share ChriS/t's physical death before they are reconciled to the Father, but they will be expected to stand before the tribunal of penance, "To obtain the saving remedy of the sacrament of penance, according to the plan for our merciful God, the faithful must confess to a priest each and every grave sin which they

remember upon examination of' conscience." (Rite of Penance, 7. a.) But like the Father'5 judgment on sin, to which Christ submitted, the judgment of the priest is liberating and healing. "The sacrament of penance includes the confession of sins, which comes from the knowl'edge of self before God and from contrition for those sins. However, this inner examination of heart and the exterior acc\,;5ation should be made in the light of God's mercy. Confession requires in the penitent the will to open his heart to the minister of God, and in the minister a spiritual judgment by which, acting in the person of Christ, he pronourtces his deci· sian of forgiveness or retention Turn to Page Fourteen

Repentance This alone will turn a wolf into a sheep, make a politician a preacher, turn a thorn into an olive, make a debauchee a religious fellow. -St. John Chrysostom

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Priest Pra ises New Governor Of New York

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Jan. 30, 1975 ;,

Mission To the World Continued from Page Thirteen sons, and with constant attempts at genuine dialog. If the Church is to function as the community that Jesus intended for all mankind, then these concerns in ere social, political and economic sphere ,must be central issues in the Christian mission in the the world." Although the Church does not actualily include everyone, its mission is to all peoples. It is called to be "a lasting and sure seed of unity, hope and sa,lvation for the whole human race." (V-II, Church, 9). The Christian community established by Christ as a fellowship of life, charity and truth, is also an instrument for the redemption of all, and sent forth to all nations as the light of the world and the salt of the earth. "God's revelation is meant for all people. God sends a call to every human heart and commu,nicates the vision of a worldwide response in love and unity. All who live open to this summons of God, live by faith. The Church must be. sensitive to the reach of God into the conscioU!;,ness of the universal human community. The Church must conduct a dialogue that remains open to the varieties of ways in which God is heard while testifying to 'them about the experience and reflection from our own tradition. The members of the Church should acknowledge and foster the religious strivings aI:ld values of all people and benefit from their insights and understandings." Sharing and Understanding The Gospesl teaches that the Word "enlightens every man who enters this world." (In I, 9) It is clear that virtually all of the world religions witness to elements of goodness, beauty, and truth. Mindful of these obsevations, the Catholic Church seeks bonds of sharing and understanding with people of all non-Christian faiths. The Church seeks continuing, friendly relations with all persons of good wlII, including'

Penance Continued from Page Thirteen of sins in accord with the power of the keys." (Rite of Penance, 6.b.)

Third Century Word In the early third century the Greek word for the sacrament of Penance was "exomologesis" or "confession," just as it is for many Catholics today. In the Western Church the Latin word was "penitentia" which means not only repentance or true conversion of heart, an essential requisite for pardon, but penance or expiation, a "penitential action" in which "by making satisfaction and in suffering for our sins" (Trent, Sess.. XIV, Ch. 8).

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The period of time for "doing" penance, and the manner in which penance was performed and reconciliation granted differed according to time and place. But as the decree of the "Order of Penance" states: "Although the manner of celebration has varied, the Church in the course of the centuries has celebrated faithfully the sacrament in all its essential elements."

those who profess no religious faith. Denial of God and of religion are no longer unusual occurrences. Such denials "are presented as requirements of scientific progress, or of a certain new humanism." (V-II Modern World, 7) Conscious of the significance of atheism and humanism in today's world, the Church invites a full and deep study of these experiences. (Ibid, 21) This section also explores the relationship of the Church with other Christian communities and with our Jewish brethren. It ends with the statement that the' work of catechetics and the task of Christian community are mutually, dependent on each other. Do you agree with these statements on the Church's mission to the world? Please submit your reactions and recommendations to: Rev. Michel G. Methot, 423 Highland Ave., Fall River, Mass. 02720.

Anglican Defends POpe'S Position LONDON (NC)-Dr. Bernard C. Pawley, archdeacon of Canterbury and vice-chairman of the Anglican Commission on Roman Catholic Relations, has criticized The Times of London for emphasizing Pope Paul VI's critical comments and de-emphasizing his optimistic side. In a letter to The Times, Dr. Pawley cited a recent headline in that newspaper: "The Pope condemns infidelity in the Church." He commented: "Many of us outside the Church of Rome would agree that some of her accredited teachers have overstepped the bounds of reasonable loyalty, deserve to be called to order and should reconsider their position as Roman Catholics." The Pope's "excellent metaphor of the pruning of the tree (in this reported speech) could equally well have been used by an Anglican Reformation archbishop," Dr. Pawley added. "It could never have been used by any of his predecessors. Then why not occasionally speak of the 'Pope of the new Reformation?" he asked. "Workers for unity are easily discouraged.... If any of them need encouraging'let them take n:ote of the fact that Paul VI was at least thinking of pruning shears on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception." The Times had itself a couple of days earlier devoted its main editorial comment to praise and criticism of the Holy Year. The Times said few Christians would deny the suitability in these ''\T0ubled times of dedicating a' year to the advancement of faith ,and reconciliation. It contended ",this particular way of doing so\ with its magnification of Rom~\ and the papacy and its central feature of the plenary indulgence must be difficult for the Reformation Churches to accept.

ALBANY (NC)-The president of the National Conference of Catholic Charities has described the new governor of New York as "a real believing Christian" who will fight for the rights of the poor, the aged and the handicapped. In an interview with The Evangelist, newspaper of the Albany diocese, Father Joseph M. Sullivan, who is also executive. director of Catholic Charities for the Diocese of Brooklyn, spoke about Gov. Hugh L. Carey, who took office New Year's Day.

BISHOP URGES FREQUENT 'CONFESSION: Tired from an afternoon's work in his garden, Bishop Bernard Topel of Spokane, Wash., pauses .at the back door to the humble home he traded for his episcopal mansion. The bishop has spoken strongly' for frequent use of the sacrament of Penance. NC Photo.

Bishop Topel Speaks on Penance Continued from Page Thirteen frequent reception of Penance: "By it genuine self-knowledge is increased Christian humility is developed, bad habits are corrected, spiritual neglect and tepidity are countered, the conscience is purified, the will is strengthened, salutary self-control is obtained, and an increase of grace is secured by the very fact that the sacrament is received." Spokane's shepherd offered his own life as a case in point. Since he sought the assistance of a regular spiritual director and begaI\ (or' renewed) the practice of frer'/uent confession, his concept of the episcopacy has changed. In fact, he maintains those very socially aware actions for which progressives applaud him developed as a result of the sensitivity gained through these weekly (or more often?) receptions of Penance. Bishop Topel, who celebrates the Eucharist in warm, relaxed, friendly fashion with occasional touches of humor, revealed three faults he presently is seeking to overcome and the corresponding virtues he is trying to develop: the' failure to love others as Christ does, the lack of grati-

Atheism iAtheism in art, as well as in life, has only to be pressed to its last consequence in order to become ridiculous. -Patmore

tude for God's many gifts, and the absence of a proper trust ,in the Lord.. To objectors who argue, "Yo~ d~n't hav~ to go to con~,esslOn, ,the bishop ~ounters, You do~ t ha.ve to"recelve Holy CommUDIon either. To critics who claim they get nothing out of this sacrament, Bishop Topel responds, "It is your own fault because you haven't put enough into it."

Discusses Mission In 'Global Village' ST. CLOUD (NC)-Maryknoll Father Herbert Gappa believes mankind is still in its beginning stages of learning "who we are, where we're going, and what are our possibilities for growth." Following four years of missionary work in Tanzania, in Eastern Africa, he is now in the middle of a three-year stateside mission assignment, spending his time on secular and private college campuses in North and South Dakota and Minnesota. His goal and purpose is to "keep Maryknoll going" by educating people and getting them to respobd to the needs of the Third World of underdeveloped coun. tries. "Men throughout the globe are struggling for development," Father Gappa 'maintains.

Real Interest In addition, the priest continued, the new governor is "a strong supporter of legislation for the mentally and physically handicapped. He has made it clear that it is his real interest to provide opportunities for the people most vulnerable in society." .Father Sullivan said that Carey has told him that when he needs a lift he often visits a school for the deaf to watch the work being accomplished. "It is a nourishment that make sense to him." Gov. Carey's interest in the aged and handicapped, and the influence of his Catholicism on that interest was made clear in his inaugural address when he said: "I am determined, by the deepest teachings of my faith, to hear the cries of distress from the least among us, to redress those wrongs which challenge our claim of caring."

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Gov. Carey has had "a solid record as a congressman as a man deeply interested in education," Father Sullivan began. While a Brooklyn congressman, Carey helped engineer the passage of the Elementary and Sec"Ondary Education Act, which provided federal funds at the local level,. particularly for schools in the inner-city, including non-public schools

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Jan. 30, 1975

15

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IN THE DIOCESE By PEW'! J. BARH\\ Norton High Coach

Diocesan Rivals Collide In Key Division II Contest Bishop Connolly High of Fall River will invade New Bedford tomorrow evening to do battle with diocesan rival Holy Family High. The game is a must win situation for Holy Family. Connolly won the first meeting between the two, 70-62. But this time the will be, "at home before our advantage may belong to fans." Holy Family. In professional Holy Family is tough to beat and college basketball the anywhere, but almost i,?po~ible home court advantage is considered a major factor. Providence College for example has won 45 of 47 games pla~ed at the Providence Civic Center its home court. UCLA, Notre Dame, St. Joseph's of Philadelphia, North Carolina, Maryland-the list goes on and on of teams that are extremely difficult to beat at home. Does that same advantage exist within the schoolboy ranks?

at the Kennedy Center In frlendIy New, Bedford. Coach Jack Nobrega s charges have earned th.eir. basketb~1I reputation by wlnmng the big games. Tomorrow's is critical if the \Blue Wave hopes to remain ~n. ~he S.E. Mass. Conference DIVISion II race. Connolly has maintained its hold on first place in the hotly contested divisional race throughout most of the campaign. The Cougars under Coach Stan Kupiec have demonstrated that they are the team to beat. The club is talented, but maybe not talented enough to offset the homecourt advantage.

SINGING FOR SUPPER: Before each meal, these members of a university community in Toronto join in psalm singing and prayers. This is part of their life in a residence where young men are trying to. find if they have a real vocation to the priesthood. From left are: Father Terry McCullum, 27, Mike Nasello, 18, Rick Coles, 22, Father Hank Simmons, 35, and Rick Turcotte, 19. NC Photo.

Toronto College' Students Test Vocations

TORONTO (NC) - The telephone rings insistently. Rick Turcotte, 19, no longer sleeping soundly, gropes for the receiver. "Look Rick, I know it's 3 A.M. but we've got another runaway and he'll be at your place in Homecourt Advantage Worth 22 Points? about 10 minutes," says the Some experts say ·that playing clobbered Norton 74-52 in New voice of a Catholic Children's at home is worth 10 points. If Bedford. Last Friday the Lanc- Aid social worker. that is the case then Holy Fam- ers edged Voke 53-51. HomeRick splashes some cold ily should win tomorrow's piv- court advantage worth 22 water on his face, listens to and otal contest. Time will tell the points? talks with a 14-year-old French story. Norton upset Vocational in Canadian who was picked up Regardless of what happens the same manner a year ago and in Toronto by the police and tomorrow the Division II .race then forged ahead to gain a turned over to children's aid. is far from over. Defending share of the title with Diman The boy is then given one champion Dartmouth, Bishop Regional of Fall River and of the beds in the three-story Feehan High of Attleboro, and Wareham. At this writing Ware- brick house located in Toronto's Fairhaven are still within strik- ham holds a game edge over Yorkville area and Rick returns ing distance. Diman and two over Norton and to his own room in hopes of an Falmouth is at Somerset, Vocational. It will take a super undisturbed sleep for the few Fairhaven at Dartmouth, and effort for any of the challengers remaining hours of the night. He's Feehan is at Case High in Swan- to catch the Vikings who are got university lectures in the sea to complete Friday's docket. getting better with each game. morning. A year ago the standings in What for other students livTomorrow Norton travels to Ithe ConferencQ'S Division IV Wareham hopeful of staging ing in a university residence looked about the same as it does another upset. But, like so many would be an extremely rare octoday. By season's end however other clubs Wareham plays currence, for Rick, his two classthere was a three way tie for better at home. Elsewhere in mates and two priests living at the tQP spot. We might be in divisional play, St. Anthony's the house, it's a regular event. for the same type of finish this will play crosstown adversary Since the house opened last Winter. New Bedford Vokeon the Arti- fall, the five men have· cared in the opening game this sans' court and Diman is at for more than 50 transient season New Bedford Vocational Westport. youths who were placed with them for a few days until parDurfee and Oliver Ames Tourney Bound ents were found or foster-homes Seekonk can increase its lead race. Oliver Ames has virtually located. in Division IrI Friday when it assured itself of the Hockomock Testing Vocation travels to Taunton to play host loop title. It's all part of testing what Msgr. Coyle-Bishop Cassidy Coach Tom Karam's Hilltop- life as a priest would be like. High. A victory for the pace- pers who have not been serious- The students are living with setting Warriors will all but ly challenged in league play this. Passionist Fathers Terry McCulmathematically assure them of Winter are on a 10 game win- lum, 27, and Hank Simmons, 35, the title. ning streak. They will play at and actively trying to discover Bourne plays at Dighton- Taunton tomorrow. Coach Kar- if they have a real vocation to Rehoboth and Old Rochester am's task for the remainder of the priesthood and religious life. High of Mattapoisett entertains the campaign will be to prepare Dennis-Yarmouth in the other his charges for the rigors of TIl games listed. tournament competition. Durfee 'Hockomock League and rate as Durfee High of Fall River and will compete for the state's Di- one of the top clubs in the state Oliver Ames High of Easton are vision I or large school cham- Division II bracket. The Tigers will take one step at a time well on their way to league pionship. championships and post season Coach Bill Nickson of Oliver from here on in. In order they tournament competition. Durfee Ames is faced with almost the must win the league title, the is running away from the pack same task. His Amesmen are state crown and hopefully an in the Division I Conference the class of the nine team undefeated season.

Ask any coach in the Southeastern Massachusetts Conference if he would rather play a key game at home or on the road and invariably the answer

While Rick, Mike Nasello, 18, and Rick Coles, 22, pay normal residence fees to the Passionists, they share in the work, the prayer-life and the problems of Passionist community life. Mike, a first-year student at 51. Michael's College explained: "I've been considering the priesthood for a long time but was not ready to commit myself formally. I felt that living in this environment while going to school would help me sort out my feelings and make a better decision." Transition For Rick Turcotte, the last five months have been a period of real transition. "Living with other people causes some problems at the beginning because I'd been spoiled by my parents. This has been the first time in my life I've had to worry about such things as buying food and doing the laundry.

"It's been a growing experience where I've learned to accept responsibility in a day-today situation with other people," he said.

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16

THE ANCHORThurs., Jan. 30, 1975

Portugal Bishops Defend Rights On Education LISBON (NC) - The nation's bishops have charged Portugal's leftist government with violating agreements on Catholic schools and other Church activities. Deploring a wave of antiChur,ch rallies, the 19 bishops said Jan. 21 that the government "is successfully maneuvering for the removal of Church influence in such sectors as education, in which the Church has a right and a duty to be because of existing agreements." The bishops were referring to the concordat signed between Portugal and the Vatican in 1940 to regulate Church-state relations in fields of mutual concern. There are 422 Catholic schools in the country, with some 60,000 students. Religion and morals are taught in public schools under the supervision of Church authorities. The concordat 'also deals with marriage laws and missionary activities. The bishops said they hoped to avoid confrontation with the government, but added: "We cannot remain silent in the face of a campaign of defamation, calumny and violence." Widespread Discontent The statement broke a long silence by the bishops since the military coup of April, 1974 ended 42 years of conservative rule. The new rulers promised sweeping social reforms at home and peace with the insurgents in Portuguese territories in Africa. Socialists and communists became members of the cabinet. The coup followed wide3pread discontent over both' issues, among lay people and a few priests. Several of them were tri~d by the previous regime for subversion after condemning co· lonialism in Africa and social injustice at home. In their statement the bishops said: "We consider that forces within and outside the Church have joined together in an 'attempt to neutralize its action in fields legitimately belonging to it. "By doing so, the opponents risk provoking religious conflict and unrest, which will not benefit the people, nor the new regime nor the Church."

New Goals for Fr. Flanagan's Boys' Town Pr'edict Changes Will Cause Deficit Operation in 1975 KANSAS CITY (NC)-Father Flanagan's Boys Town-which was rocked in 1972 by charges that is was a "money machine" with no plans to use its accumulated wealth, may have a deficit op~ration in 1975, according to an article publisb~d here in the Jan. 17 National Catholic Reporter (NCR). The home for boys in Omaha, Nebr., founded 57 years ago by Father Edward Flanagan, had a net worth of $209 million dollars in 1972 when a PulitzerPrize winning expose in the Sun Newspapers of Omaha charged that it was spending only one fifth of its $25·million annual income on the boys, and reinvesting the rest with no plans to expand services. New Projects Among changes since then NCR correspondent Mike Rood cited th~ following Boys Town undertakings: -The Boys Town Institute for Communications Disorders in Children, a project expected to cost $30 million. -The Boys Town Center for the Study of Youth Development, "eventually expected to cost $40 million to build and endow." -Changes on the 1,500-acre Boys Town campus; including renovation of facilities and furnishings, developing a higher ratio of staff personnel to boys in order to provide more individualized attention to the boys, and developing a broader range of living-style options more adapted to the individual needs of the boys. New Board -A "revitalized" board of directors that now includes nation-

Conference Issues 'Call for Action' WASHINGTON (NC) - The National Conference of Catholic Charities (NCCC) here has pub· lished a "Call to Action"-an extensive guide for Catholic Cb3rities and other social agencies that examines ways to increase social awareness and social action in communities. The 114-page book discusses the rationale behind "convening" and models of the convenir.g process at the national, regional, state, diocesan, parish and agency levels. "Convening," the book explains, is a twofold process-educating a group to a new level of social awareness or social consciousness, and recruiting memo bers of that group as active participants in social action programs.

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BIKER: Father Robert P. Hupp, director of Boys Town, rides his first bicycle at age 59 in all seasons except when Nebraska winters bring too much snow or ice.

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.. BILLS ARE HEAVY: The "He ain't heavy; he's my brother" theme is used in this National Catholic Reporter cartoon by Rollie Swanson, illustrating a story saying that Boys Town in Omaha may be operating at a deficit in 1975. al figures and takes a more active role in the policy and direction of Boys Town. A central figure in the revitalization is Father Robert Hupp, a 59-year-old Omaha priest who was selected director of Boys Town in 1973 to lead the institution through its reform. Rood indicated that Father Hupp has made some mistakes in the process of "shaking up what had been a reclusive, ingrown program." Problems Inherited But the NCR writer quoted a member of the board of directors attributing the mistakes to the fact that Father Hupp "inher· ited a lot of problems." ''But now, I think we're making progress toward a very worthwhile endeavor," the board member added. Rood suggested that Father Hupp has found a good balance between an overly strict closed campus and a too liberal open campus. The priest "has been willing to try liberalized rules such as later curfews," Rood wrote. "But he balances that with admonitions to his charges that responsibilities come with privileges." Among the results of the changes, Rood cited a significant drop in the number of runaways and fewer complaints from local merchants about shoplifting or break-ins by Boys Town youths. But the changes and new projects have cost money, the NCR writer said, and the major source of money, mailed contributions, is down significantly from the 1971 peak of $18.3 million. "After the financial disclo·

sure of 1972, Boys Town suspended fund requests. Contributions still flowed, but plummeted to $3.6 miilion in 1972. Renewed appeals brought $6 million in 1973 . . . hut some home officials doubt the 1973 level of $6 million will be achieved" when the 1974 figures are completed. According to Rood, Boys Town expenses were "at least $14 million" in 1974 and will climb rapidly as the new projects become fully operational in the future. Boys Town "is definitely a different place than it was three years ago-spiritually as well as pbysically," Rood wrote. But, he wrote, "Boys Town officials now worry about the public, so quick to learn of the institution's wealth, are slow in hearing of costly new endeavors."

Patience Patience is the companion of wisdom. -St. Augustine

Episcopal Deans To. Meet Pope WASHINGTON (NC) - Dean Francis B. Sayre, Jr., of Washington (Episcopal) Cathedral announced here that the annual conference of Episcopal cathedral deans will meet in Rome and Assisi, Italy, April 22·30. During their stay in Rome the 36 U.S. and Canadian deans who are e~pected to attend the con-, ference will have an audience with Pope Paul VI and will meet· with other Vatican officials to discuss Roman Catholic-Episcopal relations. Among the topics they will discuss with Catholic officials will be ecumenical affairs, Christian liturgy and Christian ministry. They will meet with Cardinal Jan Willebrands, president of the Vatican's Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity; Cardinal James Knox, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and of the Congregation for the Sacraments; and Cardinal John Wright, prefect of the' Congregation for the Clergy. Accompanying the deans as theological consultants will be (Catholic) Archbishop William W. Baum of Washington and the Rev. Canon Clement Welsh, warden of the College of Preach· ers at Washington Cathedral. Dean Sayre, coordinator of the conference, said the group "will go to Rome not in any sense as official delegates, but as one tradition of Christianity learning about another tradition." Dean Sayre has led in planning the dean's conferences since the first one was held in 1954.

New TV Series In Buffalo Diocese BUFFALO (NC}-"Life Style," a new television series produced by the Communications Office of the Buffalo diocese, in de· scribing events and issues of the local Church as well as the universal Church, is primarily centering on people and their various levels of involvement. Directing the series is Frederick K. Keller, a filmmaker who directed a number of films for the diocese that have been shown locally and nationally. Hosting the 30-minutes series are Ross Runfola and Carole Harrison, both professors at Medaille College, Buffalo, Runfola will moderate a news roundup of the latest happenings in the Church both locally and universally. Along with Harrison, he will also lead discussions and interviews with guests associated with a variety of topics.

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