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A digital facsimile of selections fromWalters Ms. W.7, Reichenau Gospels

Published by: The Walters Art Museum 600 N. Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21201 http://www.thewalters.org/

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode Published 2011


This document is a digital facsimile of selections from a manuscript belonging to the Walters Art Museum, in Baltimore, Maryland, in the United States. It is one of a number of manuscripts that have been digitized as part of a project generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, and by an anonymous donor to the Walters Art Museum. More details about the manuscripts at the Walters can be found by visiting The Walters Art Museum's website www.thewalters.org. For further information about this book, and online resources for Walters manuscripts, please contact us through the Walters Website by email, and ask for your message to be directed to the Department of Manuscripts.


Shelf mark

Walters Art Museum Ms. W.7

Descriptive Title

Reichenau Gospels

Text title

Gospel Book

Abstract

This Gospel Book is believed to come from the Abbey of Reichenau, on Lake Constance, on the basis of its script and illumination. The decoration of the manuscript places it in the so-called Luithar school of Reichenau. Its ornamental motifs compare very closely with those in Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Clm. 4453, and its palette is nearly identical to that in the Reichenau manuscripts of the Bamberg Cathedral Treasury. Gold uncials begin each paragraph as well as the introductory words of each chapter; they are a distinct mark of Reichenau manufacture. The manuscript's text is written in Caroline minuscule. It is paleographically related to Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek Mss. Bibl. 76 and Bibl. 22, and also Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Clm. 4454. As a whole, it is an excellent example of Ottonian book illumination.

Date

Middle of the 11th century CE

Origin

Reichenau Abbey, Lake Constance, Germany

Form

Book

Genre

Scriptural

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Support material

Parchment Thick, white, unpolished parchment

Extent

Foliation: i+202 Three sets of numbers present: nineteenth-century ink over pencil pagination in upper right corners, foliation in upper centers, and modern pencil foliation in upper right corners (followed here)

Collation

Formula: i, 1(8), 2(6), 3-8(8), 9(4), 10-13(8), 14(2), 15(6), 16-21(8), 22(6), 23-27(8), 28(2) Catchwords: None

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Signatures: Numbered consecutively (i-xxviii) on versos, bottom center; may not be contemporary with original manuscript Comments: Quires begin on fols. 1(1), 9(2), 15(3), 23(4), 31(5), 39(6), 47(7), 55(8), 63(9), 67(10), 75(11), 83(12), 91(13), 99(14), 101(15), 107(16), 115(17), 123(18), 131(19), 139(20), 147(21), 155(22), 161(23), 169(24), 177(25), 185(26), 193(27), 201(28) Dimensions

16.6 cm wide by 23.1 cm high

Written surface

fols. 1r - 202v: 10.2 cm wide by 15.0 cm high fols. 1r - 8v: 11.5 cm wide by 17.0 cm high

Layout

fols. 1r - 202v: Columns: 1 Ruled lines: 20 Light brown ink ruling lines in canon tables only; text folios stylus-ruled on hair side; full-page miniatures on unruled folios fols. 1r - 8v: Measurements for fols. 1r-8v refer to the average height and width of the framing arches of the canon tables

Contents

fols. 1r - 202v: Title: Gospel Book Hand note: Written in Caroline minuscule script; headings and opening lines of text divisions in majuscule scripts; three different hands evident (according to Dorothy Miner): Hand A: fols. 10r-14r, 68v-122v, and 162v-184v; Hand B: fols. 16v-66r and 123r-136r; Hand C: fols. 136v-160r and 185r-220v Decoration note: Sixteen illuminated canon tables; one full-page dedication miniature; openings of fullpage Evangelist portraits facing large decorated initials beginning each Gospel; marginal initials in gold introducing each paragraph; first lines of chapters beginning with gold uncials; ornamental branching initials of gold outlined in minium and filled with green and blue at the heads of prologues and on a grander

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scale at the beginnings of Gospels; text in brown ink; Ammonian numbers in brown in margins (incomplete) fols. 1r - 8v: Title: Canon tables Rubric: Canon I in quo IIII Text note: Eusebian canon tables I-X Decoration note: Eusebian numbers divided into columns of three or four by gold framing arches and columns topped with stylized classical capitals; upper arch single or double, indicating whether all of the items on the page are mutually related or if they are two separate groups; inner arches varying from one to four; Evangelist symbols inhabiting inner arches, placed appropriately above their respective canon numbers against fields of modulating colors of green, pink, blue, and yellow; columns of a variety of colored designs in yellow, mauve, green, blue, and pink separating chapter numbers; chapter numbers written in red fols. 9v - 202v: Title: Gospels Contents: Contents: fol. 10r-v: Prologue to Matthew (Matheus ex Judea sicut [Stegm端ller 590]); fols. 11r-14r: 29 chapter list to Matthew (Nativitas Christi magi cum muneribus); fols. 16r-64r: Matthew (Initium sancti Evangelii secundum Matheum); fol. 64r-v: Prologue to Mark (Marcus Evangelista Dei et Petri [Stegm端ller 607]); fols. 64v-66r: 13 chapter list to Mark (De Iohanne Baptista et victu); fols. 68r-99v: Mark; fol. 101r-v: Prologue to Luke (Lucas syrus antiocensis arte medicus [Stegm端ller 620]); fols. 102r-106v: 22 chapter list to Luke (Zacharias uiso angelo quia); fols. 108r-159r: Luke; fols. 159v-160r: Prologue to John (Hic est Iohannes Evangelista unus ex discipulus [Stegm端ller 624]); fol. 160r-v: 13 chapter list to John (Phariseorum levitae interrogant); fols. 162-202v: John Decoration note: Full-page dedication image fol. 9v; full-page Evangelist portraits at the beginning of each Gospel, fols. 15v, 67v, 107v, and 161v

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Decoration

fol. 1r: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon I fol. 1v: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon I fol. 2r: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon I fol. 2v: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon II fol. 3r: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon II fol. 3v: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon II fol. 4r: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon II fol. 4v: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Eusebian canon III fol. 5r: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Eusebian canon IV

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fol. 5v: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon V fol. 6r: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon V fol. 6v: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Eusebian canon VI fol. 7r: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Eusebian canons VII and VIII fol. 7v: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Eusebian canon IX and part of canon X fol. 8r: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: Part of Eusebian canon X fol. 8v: Title: Canon table Form: Full-page miniature Text: End of Eusebian canon X fol. 9v: Title: An abbot presents the book to St. Peter Form: Full-page miniature; dedication minature Text: Prologue to Matthew fol. 15v: Title: Portrait of the Evangelist Matthew Form: Full-page miniature

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Text: Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ, according to St. Matthew fol. 67v: Title: Portrait of the Evangelist Mark Form: Full-page miniature Text: Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ, according to St. Mark fol. 107v: Title: Portrait of the Evangelist Luke Form: Full-page miniature Text: Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ, according to St. Luke fol. 161v: Title: Portrait of the Evangelist John Form: Full-page miniature Text: Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ, according to St. John Binding

The binding is not original. Cream parchment over pasteboard, inscribed on spine EVANGELIAIRE Xe SIECLE; book rebound after 1913 by Gruel, as the dimensions are smaller than those in the 1908 Brooke catalog and do not match the 1913 Sotheby's catalog description as "newly bound in niger morocco, covered with rich gilt interlaced circles and dotted ornaments by K[atherine]. A[dams].; some remnants of Katherine Adams' binding remain (endbands and four cords); front cover guard and flyleaf not original but have been with the manuscript for some time as evinced by the leaf numbering and the note in a nineteenth-century German hand

Provenance

Abbey of Reichenau, Lake Constance, Germany, mid eleventh century German library, nineteenth century (front flyleaf contains a German inscription written in a nineteenth-century hand that assigns the manuscript the number 203) Sir Thomas Brooke, Armitage Bridge House near Huddersfield, Yorkshire; acquired from the dealer G. I. Ellis after 1854 Ingraham Brooke, Sotheby's March 7, 1913, lot 8

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Leon Gruel, after 1913 (bookplate on front pastedown) Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel before 1931 Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters bequest

Bibliography

Ellis, G. I. A Catalogue of the Manuscripts and Printed Books Collected by Thomas Brooke. Vol. 1. London: Ellis and Elvey, 1891, p. 196. De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 767, no. 2289. Miner, Dorothy E. A Late Reichenau Evangeliary in the Walters Gallery Library. Art Bulletin 18 (1936): 168-185. Boston Museum of Fine Arts. Arts of the Middle Ages. Boston: Boston Museum of Fine Arts, 1940, no. 14, pl. 17. Walters Art Gallery. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance: An Exhibition Held at the Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1949, cat. no. 12, pl. VII. Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1953, no. 7. Faye, C. U., and W. H. Bond. Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. New York: Bibliographical Society of America, 1962, p. 195, no. 64. Wixom, W. "Twelve Masterpieces of Medieval and Renaissance Book Illumination: A Catalogue to the Exhibition: March 17-May 17, 1964." Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art 51 (1964): 45. Walters Art Gallery. 2,000 Years of Calligraphy. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1965, pp. 28, 30-31, no. 13. Randall, Lilian M. C. Illuminated Manuscripts: Masterpieces in Miniature. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 1984, pl. 6.

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Siede, Irmgard. Zur Rezeption ottonischer Buchmalerei in Italien im 11. und 12. Jahrhundert. St. Ottilien, Germany: EOS, 1997, pp. 75, 77-78, 269-270. Contributors

Principal cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934 Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934 Editors: Herbert, Lynley; Noel, William Copy editor: Bockrath, Diane Conservators: Owen, Linda; Quandt, Abigail Contributors: Archibald, Elizabeth; Bockrath, Diane; Davis, Lisa Fagin; Dutschke, Consuelo; Emery, Doug; Hamburger, Jeffrey; Noel, William; Sciacca, Christine; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.; Valle, Chiara

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This document is a digital facsimile of selections from a manuscript belonging to the Walters Art Museum, in Baltimore, Maryland, in the United States. It is one of a number of manuscripts that have been digitized as part of a project generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, and by an anonymous donor to the Walters Art Museum. More details about the manuscripts at the Walters can be found by visiting The Walters Art Museum's website www.thewalters.org. For further information about this book, and online resources for Walters manuscripts, please contact us through the Walters Website by email, and ask for your message to be directed to the Department of Manuscripts.


The Walters Art Museum 600 N. Charles Street Baltimore, Maryland 21201 http://www.thewalters.org/

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode Published 2009


Reichenau Gospels, Walters Art Museum MS. W.7