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Vol. 20 Issue. 28

OCTOBER 31-Nov 6, 2012

Crying in our beers since 1993

Living Lego Abbotsford-native Robin Sather describes life as a certified Lego builder p.4

AfterMath open until November 30; fate uncertain p. 11-12

Looking back on the sexual revolution p. 13





Arts & Life

Sports & Health

We’ve had a disturbing lack of NHL coverage in this paper lately (thanks to a very disillusioned Sports Editor), but Taylor Johnson is seeking to change that with an interview of Coyotes draft pick Jordan Martinook. Read it while you can, folks, because this is about all the NHL content you’re going to get from us.

BC to offer online textbooks

Coffee mug woes

NaNoWriMo: Not such a crazy idea

Every student likes the word “free,” especially if it’s attached to the word “textbooks.” In this issue, newshound Jess Wind explores BC’s promise to bring free textbooks to students in select classes.

BREAKING: News editor Dessa Bayrock tells all in a ground breaking revelation regarding her coffee mug and an ever declining state of cleanliness in the head offices of The Cascade. Are the rumors of e-coli bacteria growing in her mug overblown? Has she truly gone off the deepend this time?

Write a story in a month? Why not? Find out the many reasons while following three writers as they track their literary journey through November. Because it’s National Novel Writing Month: 50,000 words. Thirty Days. One writer.

pg. 7

pg. 15

pg. 5

Hockey talk

pg. 19


AfterMath vs. Sodexo: a rope of sand(wiches)

Image: Stewart Seymoiur/The Cascade

This is what a boycott looks like.


You really want to save AfterMath? Boycott Sodexo. Yes, that means cutting out Tim Hortons, the cafeteria, even the Roadrunner cafe. It won’t be easy. It might involve packing a lunch instead of buying a bagel at Tim Hortons, or picking up a coffee on your way to school, but when you can spare even 25 minutes for a meal or a beer, make your way to AfterMath instead of the cafeteria.

It’s the only way to save the nearly insolvent centre of campus life by both pumping in extra cash and, in the long run, sending a message to the university that these kind of exclusive contracts may help keep the capital expansion fund flush, but they suck true university development dry. AfterMath is crippled by the Sodexo’s food service monopoly. Unable to directly compete with the food and services provided by the cafeteria and Tim Hortons, our SUS-run pub doesn’t ever stand a chance of balancing the books or at least significantly re-

ducing its losses to a manageable level. This goes beyond just individual menu items, but things like take-out services as well. Students are often running between classes trying to catch a meal. Providing a to-go counter, especially at high traffic times, would be a boon to UFV’s social house, driving in tons of additional revenue and allowing AfterMath to better serve student needs. AfterMath would be, for once, taking advantage of its location in a renovated concession stand by being able to open their shuttered

service counter. The Sodexo contract doesn’t run out until 2016, but at the current rate, you can bet the university and Sodexo will be eager to re-up for another term. Don’t just let that happen. Don’t doom another generation of UFV students to a stifled campus culture and impossible fights just to host a yearly barbecue. In recent years, the university has been incredibly short-sighted in its so-called development deals. Rather than bettering student services, fostering a vibrant campus culture and improving instruction, the administration has myopically pursued funding for splashy capital projects. Brand-new buildings and refurbished spaces are a wonderful thing, but what’s more important is what fills those hallowed halls. We can’t count on the university to consider students’ best interests when there’s a big payday attached. But who can blame them unless we make our discontent known? The deal with Sodexo is good for lining the pockets of UFV’s development fund and its bigger is better philosophy, but it’s time for this university to grow up and understand why expansion is not the same thing as development. Don’t just write-in. Don’t just like a Facebook page. Don’t just shake your head and wonder why. Speak with your wallet. Save AfterMath and save UFV from itself.

Volume 20 · Issue 28 Room C1027 33844 King Road Abbotsford, BC V2S 7M8 604.854.4529 Editor-in-chief Nick Ubels Managing editor Amy Van Veen Business manager Joe Johnson Online editor Michael Scoular Production manager Stewart Seymour Art director Anthony Biondi Copy editor Joel Smart News editor Dessa Bayrock Opinion editor Sean Evans Arts & life editor Sasha Moedt Sports editor Paul Esau Staff writers Karen Aney, Taylor Johnson, Nadine Moedt, Alexei Summers, Jess Wind

Contributors Kyle Balzer, Mike Cadarette, Ryan Peterson, Lindsey Ubels, Tim Ubels

Printed By International Web exPress


Nov 1

Nov 6

Nov 7 to 25

Social Work sells samosas to benefit Warm Zone

Pumpkin chuckin’ How to dispose old squash

Give badminton a swing with Student Life’s drop in event

Once In A Lifetime: UFV Theatre’s latest production

From 11:30 to 1:00 p.m., the Social Work Students Association will be selling delicious samosas for only $1 a piece. All proceeds will go towards the Warm Zone, an Abbotsford drop-in centre for women. Samosas can be bought outside Admissions and Records on the Abbotsford UFV campus.

If the jack-o-lantern candles have all blown out and its time to dispose of your rapidly decomposing squash, Student Life has a solution! From noon to 2 p.m. outside of U-house, students will have the chance to chuck their unwanted pumpkins across UFV’s rolling green.

Too cold out to play tennis? Try UFV’s most popular racquet sport on for size. Student Life hosts a drop in badminton session from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. in Abbotsford’s Student Activity Centre (the north gym). Everybody’s welcome!

UFV Theatre’s first production of the year is George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart’s Once In A Lifetime. Located in UFV’s abandoned Yale road campus, this play has everything: vaudevillians, elocutionists, farcical situations, a host of crazy characters. Tickets cost $10 to $20. Call 604-7952814 for information and ticket bookings.

The Cascade is UFV’s autonomous student newspaper. It provides a forum for UFV students to have their journalism published. It also acts as an alternative press for the Fraser Valley. The Cascade is funded with UFV student funds. The Cascade is published every Wednesday with a circulation of 1500 and is distributed at UFV campuses and throughout Abbotsford, Chilliwack, and Mission. The Cascade is a member of the Canadian University Press, a national cooperative of 75 university and college newspapers from Victoria to St. John’s. The Cascade follows the CUP ethical policy concerning material of a prejudicial or oppressive nature. Submissions are preferred in electronic format through e-mail. Please send submissions in “.txt” or “.doc” format only. Articles and letters to the editor must be typed. The Cascade reserves the right to edit submissions for clarity and length. The Cascade will not print any articles that contain racist, sexist, homophobic or libellous content. The writer’s name and student number must be submitted with each submission. Letters to the editor must be under 250 words if intended for print. Only one letter to the editor per writer in any given edition. Opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect that of UFV, Cascade staff and collective, or associated members.




Canoes, cadets, books and songs: Lieutenant Governor Steven Point at the end of term person. Sometimes they take a few years longer. I know some Lieutenant Governors have been here for six, seven years rather than just the five. But the normal period is five years.

Image:BC GOV/Flickr

The Honourable Steven Point


The Honourable Steven Point, as of November 1, will have served his five-year term as Lieutenant Governor of BC. This tops off a remarkable career that began at the age of 23 as a Skowkale First Nation Chief, and then saw him become Grand Chief of the Sto:lo Tribal Council. He’s also worked in law on First Nations issues, served as a provincial court judge, as well as a UFV professor for a short time. This interview took place two days before the end of his term. How did your time as a [Skowkale] chief, if at all, shape what you brought to the Lieutenant Governor’s position? Every Lieutenant Governor is different; they bring different skills and different backgrounds to the office. Of course, I’m First Nations. I’ve been able to make a canoe, for example, to give to the province of British Columbia. I was able to build a canoe and give it to the Navy as I was a Navy captain. We helped build a totem pole with Chief Tony Hunt, the Hosaqami pole, and we put that up here. And I carved the storyboard for the Government House on the salmon story, how the salmon got in the Fraser [River]. My time has been certainly informed here by my history and relationship as a First Nations person.

Your term ends in two days; what are some stories that you’ll take away? Well I helped to establish a literacy campaign that brings books to isolated communities in the northern parts, coastal parts, of BC. And we’re now bringing libraries out to many of these communities with the help of a company called Britco—a member of the Rotary clubs—who are assisting in bringing books out to isolated communities. It’s one of the great stories of my tenure here, is the literacy campaign. I’ve received thousands of stories from elementary schools, from hundreds of schools in BC, in my Right to Read program. And then there’s the whole cadet, the sponsoring of the aboriginal cadet core, in Duncan, and I wrote a song called “British Columbia” which I’m giving to BC in a couple of days. Oh, there’s a lot of great stories. The canoe stories, the canoe journeys – it’s been a great time for us here. Five years has gone by very quickly. Is it typically five years for each Lieutenant Governor or do some Lieutenant Governors have longer . . . The constitutionality limit, the minimum limit, is five years. So you get appointed for a period of five years. Then it’s in the hands of government to find another

To start, how did you go from practicing law to Lieutenant Governor? I was a judge, actually, in the provincial court, sitting in Abbotsford. I was approached by the federal [and] provincial government back in 2005 to become the Chief Commissioner of the treaty process as appointed by the federal and provincial government and all the chiefs in BC. I don’t know what the process is, actually, for selecting the Lieutenant Governor. It was just something that somebody might have submitted my name, I don’t know, but all I know is I got a call from the Prime Minister’s office asking if I would do it. It’s such an overlooked and, I think, maybe not a very well known position. What was the day-to-day life like? As the head of government here in British Columbia the Lieutenant governor will meet [with], for example, foreign dignitaries that come in to take up office here in Vancouver. Many of the ambassadors have their offices in Ottawa and they have members that reside in different major cities, in Canada. Before that, as a courtesy to British Columbia, they present themselves to the Lieutenant Governor and the Lieutenant Governor will meet with them and they will exchange gifts, have a photograph taken. It’s kind of an international protocol process and if the ambassador comes in from Ottawa, the ambassador will also come to Government House and meet the Lieutenant Governor. In fact, on the first day the new Lieutenant Governor takes office, I think they’re meeting with representatives from Uganda. So that’s part of the official role; to be the person who greets international representatives. Of course you’re signing documents from the cabinet, the Lieutenant Governor, most of the legislation for examples, boards for

the universities, all of the commissioners, the police boards, they’re all appointed through the Lieutenant Governor’s office. All of the judges are appointed through the Lieutenant Governor’s office. You’re doing an awful lot of work with the government. And then of course the Lieutenant Governor is a patron of over 120 different organizations in British Columbia, so the Lieutenant Governor’s expected to attend most of their functions throughout the year. So any given day you could be signing documents for government, you could be meeting foreign dignitaries, [or] you could be attending different patronage functions. The other thing that’s happened is that I was made an honorary captain for the Navy because the Queen is the head of the military in Canada. So the Navy, the Air Force, the Army and all of the cadet programs, they all invite you to all of their events. They have annual dinners, annual reviews, and so I act as reviewing officer for most of the military events that happen in BC. I could go on and on and on. I attend probably up to 350 events a year on behalf of the Queen. Where do you go from here? Well I go back to Chilliwack—I live in Chilliwack—and hopefully go back to work as a judge. We’ll see what happens, but that’s what I’m hoping to do. And are you going to miss the position of Lieutenant Governor? Well it’s been a wonderful time. Of course, it’s so busy, you know? On the one hand, you’re living in a great house and you have great staff and whatnot. But on the other hand, it’s nice to go home. There’s no place like home, your own bed, and your own kind of world. Here in this office you belong to the office and your entire life is wrapped up in what you’re doing here. For five years you’re pretty much in harness. So I’m going to be glad to go home.

Fall 2012 SUS by-election results Representative-at-large

Winner Cole Durrant, 91 votes


(in alphabetical order): Nathan McRoberts, Alicia Williams

Accesibilities representative

Winner Mehtab Rai, 118 votes


(in alphabetical order): Darren Nixon, Karsten Renaerts

Aboriginal representative

Winner Harrison Depner, 152 “yes” votes Clubs and associations representative

Winner Zack Soderstrom, 178 “yes” votes Chilliwack representative

Winner Annika Geurtsen, 181 “yes” votes The result of the student vote, conducted October 18 to October 25 via the myUFV poll, were presented by the SUS electoral committee and ratified by the board of directors on October 26. New board members took office immediately.

Gnome Chomsky says: “Come to our next writers’ meeting!” Mondays at 10 a.m. in A421 Interested in contributing to your campus newspaper? We’re always looking for new writers, photographers, comic artists, crossword junkies, and pretty much everything in between. If you can’t make it, email editor-in-chief Nick Ubels at




Robin Sather: Lego Certified Professional

“If you love something, do not wait. Find it and do it.” TAYLOR JOHNSON

month but it is never consistent, and summer can be really busy. It is a bit straining but I have other helpers, [even if] it is difficult to find good people. Some people have a lot of fun with this, but some do not apply themselves. I do a lot of work with hobby clubs and have made friendships across the country.


Robin Sather is an Abbotsfordnative and one of 13 certified Lego builders in the world. He is known for large Lego art pieces around the Fraser Valley, as well as several interactive community projects centred around Lego as a building medium. How did you get into working with Lego? Well I have been involved in Lego, for eight years now. Growing up I never quit being a fan of Lego – I never got rid of it. When I was a teenager I would still break out the bricks on a rainy Sunday afternoon. Once the internet came around I found tens of thousands of people who enjoyed Lego like I did. I found hobby clubs and eventually managed to find a way to make it into more than a hobby. The Lego headquarters are in Denmark and there is another in the United States – however, there were no Lego events here. I thought “What if I did this?” as there was a market for Lego in Canada. I organized a proposal and approached Lego, they loved it, and in 2005 I became the first certified builder. To become certified you must already work with Lego, whether that be writing books or building. I had to undergo training with the company on media and the company values. Right now there are 13 of us worldwide but it is continuing to grow. How long does it take to make

Image: J1A3L5

Robin Sather sits in a chair made entirely of lego. He’s entitled to be happy. a larger piece (on average)? Depending on the project, normally they are built over two to three days on the weekend. We did a Hong Kong exhibit in Richmond that was about 300 hours of work. Forty per cent of that was done in-studio, then one month building on-site. You have to plan out the bricks; it takes time and the patience to see it through to the end. The sphinx we built was part of an exhibit so it came right apart. We did a kind of controlled demolition at each site; it became a big event in itself. We would put

the Lego into bins and rebuild at the next site, and we did this six times over.

Image: Erin Hudson/CUP

Image: Scallop Holden/Flickr

What is the hardest part about building? Planning it out is tricky because I don’t have the bricks yet; I have to figure out how many bricks I will need. Once I figure that out, I send my order into Lego and it normally takes a few weeks for the bricks to come in. We use Duplo bricks for bigger builds and the smaller bricks for the details. Too many bricks are fine, but not enough can be a problem. It

is weird for customs to ship Lego, because it comes in big bins and they’re not always sure what to do with it. Sometimes things get lost; it takes a lot of patience. The things beyond your control are the most stressful. The actual building mistakes can just be considered as artistic and unique. What is the biggest difficulty being the only certified builder in Canada? It’s a regular job, so there are logistics to deal with and traveling. Lego will bring me out to do events. I try to stick to one trip a

Where would you like to be in five years? Is there anything you hope to be building? I would like to build a largescale castle or a tower with a wall you can climb or go up – I will find an excuse to do that. However, the clients usually have an idea for what they want for their events. I would also like to have my own exhibit at some point – something more permanent that can be shared around the world. Nathan Sawaya has an exhibit called “The Art of the Brick” and Sean Kenny has a nature exhibit, and they are both friends of mine. I have some ideas for my own exhibit, but they are top secret. Do you have any advice for someone looking to pursue their passion? Find something you love and find a way to get paid for it. My wife and I went backpacking a while ago and we discovered two things. One: if you love something, do not wait. Find it and do it. Two: make it a career, monetize it. Even if it is just a little bit, just do it. No regrets.


Image: Stephanie Xu/The Ubyssey

Image: Reuters/Rick Rowell/Disney

Image: Reuters/Andrew Kelly

Presidents at six B.C universities ask for millions from the province

Universities look to open access to journals as costs rise

CRTC looks to create national standards for mobile providers

Disney to buy “Star Wars” producer for $4.05 billion

Hospitals battled to protect patients as Sandy raged

(CUP) — In a bid to influence party platforms for the upcoming provincial election, B.C.’s six largest research universities have drawn up a proposal asking for millions of new provincial dollars and outlining where they’d spend them. The Research Universities’ Council of B.C. is asking for $130 million over four years to create more spaces for students, $51 million each year for new grants and scholarships and “a commitment to stable funding” for industryready research.

MONTREAL (CUP) The high costs to access peer-reviewed research is forcing academics to take a hard look at how scholarly work should be distributed in the future and, so far, the most promising alternative is to post online for free. The average subscription price for a peer-reviewed journal is $1,000 a year but can soar as high as $40,000 — depending on the journal and discipline. In two decades price increases for journal subscriptions has quadrupled that of inflation.

(CUP) — To help consumers avoid surprises on their cell phone bill, the Canadian Radio-Telecom Commission (CRTC) is looking to develop a national and mandatory code for providers to follow. The code would be a national set of rules for mobile service providers to follow, touching on issues such as contract cancellation fees and accurate advertising prices, among others. “What we’re consulting Canadians about is the specific language and things that could be in that code,” said Denis Carmel, spokesperson for the CRTC.

(Reuters) - Walt Disney Co agreed to buy filmmaker George Lucas’s Lucasfilm Ltd and its “Star Wars” franchise for $4.05 billion in cash and stock, a blockbuster deal that includes the surprise promise of a new film in the series in 2015. “It’s now time for me to pass ‘Star Wars’ on to a new generation of filmmakers,” Lucas said in a statement.

At one New York hospital where backup generators failed, staff carried premature babies down more than a dozen flights of stairs in one of the more dramatic moments for healthcare workers during powerful storm Sandy. From Maryland to Massachusetts, hospitals large and small had prepared for the worst as the storm approached, stocking up on supplies and ensuring backup power generators were ready. At least 30 people were reported killed by the storm, and millions left without power.




BC government to offer textbooks online for free JESS WIND

THE CASCADE Soon you may not have to stand in the never-ending lineup at the bookstore – provided you have a strong internet connection. As part of their Families First Agenda, the BC government has announced they will be offering select textbooks online for free, possibly as early as the 2013/2014 school year. These so-called open textbooks will be available for reading online, or in a printable version offered at a fraction of the cost of the currently published versions. This is good news for students, depending on the courses they take; the BC government will offer the textbooks for what they have decided are the top 40 courses in BC. Usability will also depend on professors choosing to teach with

the online version. In a news release, Minister of Advanced Education, Innovation and Technology John Yap said the decision to offer open textbooks is an attempt to increase accessibility and affordability for students. “By taking advantage of technology, more people can get the learning they need in the knowledge economy and access to new or better jobs,” he stated. Open textbooks are projected to increase overall maneuverability in the technological job force once students have studied from an online source. Yap also stated in this release that BC is the first province to be offering online textbooks to postsecondary students. “British Columbia is proudly leading Canada in committing free, open textbooks to students and [putting] technology to work for students,” Yap explained. Open textbooks are expected

to save up to 200,000 BC students over $1000 per academic year. But, as every good student knows, you can’t just post something online for free without citing the information. The Chronicle of Higher Education recently reported that three of the biggest textbook publishers are suing Boundless Learning, one of the start-up companies responsible for offering open textbooks in the U.S. The publishers Pearson, Cengage Learning and Macmillan Higher Education, have taken issue with how the textbooks are produced. “To gain access to the digital alternatives, students select the traditional books assigned in their classes and Boundless pulls content from an array of open-education sources to knit together a text that the company claims is as good as the designated book,” the Chronicle stated in its report.

The claim is that Boundless is essentially stealing the information it compiles in the form of open textbooks. BCcampus, a publicly-funded organization that aims to make higher education available to everyone, will be working to avoid a similar lawsuit in BC. “The open textbooks are expected to be created with input from BC faculty, institutions and publishers through an open Request for Proposal process,” stated the news release from October 16. UFV English professor Dr. Trevor Carolan noted that online textbooks will have limitations. “If students are only using the online books, it will narrow their breadth of learning,” he cautioned. Instructors will have the option of teaching with or without the online version, similar to the current choice between course packs

Café Philosophique: why are we even here? Images taken by Blake McGuire.

and full textbooks. With open textbooks as an option, there will be increased pressure to lean towards the free version, thus limiting the available resources to teach from. UFV administrators are excited for the option of online textbooks, according to vice-president students Jody Gordon. “The university welcomes initiatives that will reduce student costs, especially if they don’t increase our costs of delivering quality education and service,” she said. The program is still in the planning stages but Gordon looks forward to a way to make school more affordable to students. The details for open textbooks have yet to be determined, although courses that fall into the top 40 are reported to cross the arts, sciences, humanities and business.

Fire alarms, but no smoke and no fire NADINE MOEDT THE CASCADE

At the first Café Philosophique event this past Wednesday, students and faculty discussed the purpose and function of a university.

Students, faculty and senior administrators listen intently to Michael Baumann, director of UFV’s career centre, discuss the form of university in Plato’s day.

Audience members gather cookies and coffee and take their seats at UFV’s premier offering of Café Philosophique.

Classes were evacuated Thursday evening at about 8:15 as fire alarms went off in A, B and D buildings. Two fire trucks responded within 15 minutes, but there was no fire to fight. The alarm was not a drill, according to UFV’s manager of safety security and parking Dan Sarrasin. “These things do happen,” Sarrasin said. “It could be anything from water pressure in the sprinklers to someone activating a pull station to dust being in one of the detectors.” This particular time, Sarrasin says, UFV’s system detected fire but the buildings were never in danger. “The cause of the alarm was the result of smoke from a nearby farm,” Sarrasin explains. “Abbotsford Fire Service responded to the alarm. The buildings related to the alarm were evacuated.” The system of fire alarms, Sarrasin explained, is interconnected; an alarm set off in a building will affect b building, for example. This excludes C building which is a “stand alone” building. Sarrasin stated that sending students home is “up to the instructor.” “Our responsibility is strictly response,” Sarrasin clarified. “Whenever there is a fire alarm, the fire department responds immediately. The alarms are investigated by both Abbotsford Fire Rescue Service and facilities staff. Security and facilities staff are responsible for the response to all building emergencies and are very good at doing so.” Once the cause of the alarm is investigated, by security facilities and the fire department the system is reset. The fire department then indicates that it is safe to enter the building.




Faculty and staff take a look at funding as they enter bargaining KAREN ANEY

to keep those classes small and give students maximum personal attention. I’m not negating Vicki’s example here, but I don’t want to convey that we faculty are under great pressure to teach large classes.


The Faculty and Staff Association (FSA) held an Extraordinary General Meeting to discuss upcoming collective bargaining with the administration. Virginia Cooke, FSA president, and Vicki Grieves, FSA chief negotiator, shared some of their thoughts surrounding the issues of funding, services and salary freezes. So what was the result of your EGM? Vicki Grieves: The members of our Faculty and Staff Association have given us approval to enter into contract talks with the university. Virginia Cooke: Something you need to know though, is that we are very unusual in that our faculty and our staff all belong to the same union so . . . you’re not going to have factions resulting in students losing classes because the support staff can’t get what they want. With us it’s all or nothing. Do you feel like this gives you an advantage when bargaining? Cooke: With our own administration. It doesn’t make much difference in terms of the government, and I think all of us think the government is the problem now . . . Grieves: . . . in that the government controls the purse strings. So that puts our administration in a very untenable position, because they may agree that we deserve a raise because we haven’t had any salary increases for what amounts to five years. They may be saying yes, give these guys a raise, but the only way you can increase anybody’s salary is through what they’re calling “cooperative gains,” which means if you’re going to give one employee group something you essentially have to go somewhere else in the institution and rob it. Cooke: Or charge their students more. Grieves: This is what makes negotiations tricky: long and drawn out and difficult for everybody. Is anyone in your association [staff or faculty] in any current danger? Cooke: No. Not that we know of . . . we have a really good communicative relationship with our administration. Things aren’t al-

Vicky Grieves(left), Virginia Cooke(right). ways rosy and we don’t always agree but it’s clear communication and open. That doesn’t mean that people aren’t concerned . . . so we are vigilant. That’s probably the best word to use. But we’re being informed. Anything to add, Vicki? Grieves: Certainly recent settlements in other public sector unions have implications for our staff here. There haven’t been any recent settlements in faculty at other institutions; we’re all in the position of bargaining at the same time, which may work to our advantage. And the other kind of wildcard I think is that we’ve got what appears to be an outgoing provincial government. It’s difficult to predict what their agenda is in this. Some fairly big bargaining units settled, and did get some of the salary increase they were looking for recently, [so we may want ] to settle while the settling’s good. Cooke: [Also note that] our salaries have been frozen by this government for four years out of the last 10—and it will be five coming up this year—not in a row, but they were frozen. Then we had a little bit of an increase. Grieves: And the little bit of an increase didn’t even bring us up to the cost of living. Cooke: We’re not alone. We’re not saying that everybody has done wonderfully, but . . . it becomes increasingly difficult to keep and attract good faculty when they could go almost anywhere else . . . and get much more. Grieves: And we don’t really

Image: UFV/Flickr

have a lot of budget to hire more faculty either, yet we’re under pressure to increase student spaces, so that’s going to have some consequences for students . . . bigger class sizes, burnt-out faculty. I’m not saying that’s happening, but it could. Cooke: The government set certain target for full time equivalent students (FTEs) and year after year we exceed it, unlike a lot of institutions, because the valley is growing. But that doesn’t mean that they give us more money for those additional students . . . we’ve tried to be very open access but in the last few years we’ve had to cut off admission dates sooner and sooner, students have been in the horrible position of being on waitlists . . . maybe extending their degree another year. Do instructors feel any pressure from the administration to extend their class sizes? Grieves: We got, in my area, a letter or a memo from the dean in late August or early September, saying, “It would be really great if you guys could exceed your class maximums and let as many students on the waitlist in as possible in order to meet our FTE targets and accommodate as many students as we can.” And that’s a real double-edged sword for students, because if you suddenly have 40 people in one class you’re not going to get as much individualized attention as in a class with 22. Cook: I think the main point here is that everyone—faculty and administration—are trying to juggle the desire to accommodate students who really want and need courses with the need

So where does that leave the faculty and staff going forward? Cooke: Before the end of the month, I will have to send a letter to our president to say that we are ready to open bargaining. That’s pretty much what the letter says . . . basically it says, “we’re ready now, you guys come to the table.” Vicki, who is our chief negotiator, will get her team together . . . Grieves: . . . and we’ll come with the proposals, and that was the point of the EGM . . . to have those bargaining proposals approved by the membership before we went forward with them, and no doubt management will have proposals too. Cooke: It was basically priorities, because we didn’t have [everyone there] . . . there was some lively discussion, because not everybody agreed with it. Grieves: It’s very difficult when you have a membership this diverse, when it seems like focusing on the needs of one group may be infringing on the rights of another group, and so it’s quite an interesting process. When you say different groups, are you referring to faculty versus staff? Cooke: Sometimes, but sometimes different groups of faculty or staff have different ideas or needs. Will discussions of rank and tenure factor into the discussions at all? Cooke: We’ve been having ongoing meetings with faculty about concepts of rank and tenure and we’re still sorting out the details of that but it’s pretty public knowledge that we’ve been talking about it. Grieves: Tenure is not the issue as much as rank and promotion is, but they’re all intertwined. Are there any feelings that a strike could be imminent? Grieves: No. It’s impossible to predict the outcome of all of this, but our institution has a long history of bargaining in good faith, and we have always shown respect on both sides. We don’t expect it to be any different

this time. As long as bargaining continues in good faith, and the process of bargaining somehow recognizes the service we provide and reflects the fact that we know our wages are falling and have lost buying power in effect because of a lack of any increases, I don’t think there’s much appetite for a strike. Cooke: Well, there isn’t an appetite for a strike, and I guess my one proviso would be that—given this government’s attitude toward what they call public sector workers—who knows whether many of the faculty in the province may not feel they have to get this government’s attention to be taken seriously. Grieves: And there are a lot of us. Cooke: I would hate if they turned our relationship into what they have going with the British Columbia Teacher’s Federation (BCTF). That’s pitiful, what they’ve got going there. So that’s not what anybody wants. I would only temper Vicki’s reassurance with the caution that, at some point down the road, if we are being denigrated or ignored, we might stand up on our hind legs and say, “Hey, wait a minute,” and there could be a strike vote. But if I were a student I wouldn’t start shaking in my boots right now. Grieves: Especially because it would take a while for any of this to develop. Before any of that could happen, bargaining would have to precede the pace, then there would have to be a strike vote, which takes a while, so I certainly do not see any imminent danger. Cooke: I think faculty and staff both feel very strongly that they would not be willing to have people turn around to them again and say, “Your salaries are frozen.” That’s not what we’re anticipating, given that there seems to be some movement. Is there anything else that students should be aware of during this process? Cooke: I think they need to be aware that the process is going forward and that everyone, in the tradition of this place, has their best interests at heart. This interview has been edited for length and clarity.

Balloons sent across border have tensions high in Korea ALEXI SUMMERS THE CASCADE

Political sabre-rattling has once again left the Korean peninsula on high alert and shaking with political tension. The tensions began when a group of South Korean activists announced intentions to launch balloons containing anti-North leaflets over the North Korean border. The North responded by threatening a strike against the South if the activists launched information balloons into their territory. North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) re-

leased a warning statement prior to the launching of the balloons. “The moment a minor movement for the scattering is captured a merciless military strike by the Western Front will be put into practice without warning,” the Agency stated. The KCNA went on to suggest that nearby residents ‘evacuate in anticipation of possible damage.” South Korean Police tried to block the activists’ actions, fearing it would result in retaliation from the North. However, the activists moved to another area that was not under police surveillance to float the balloons across the border and ultimately succeeded.

They successfully floated what they claimed were an estimated 120,000 balloons over the North Korean border. North Korea is often seen as an aggressor in the media. Its border with South Korea is known as the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), and is the most heavily land-mined area in the world. It is also home to the largest concentration of armed forces troops for an area that is not a war-zone. The two nations were once one but were divided as a result of the Korean War, which ended in a ceasefire in 1957. BC resident James Kim, a local investor born in Seoul, said he

found North Korea’s brinkmanship unsurprising but frightening for those still in Korea. “I’m not surprised. I don’t have any immediate relatives in Korea anymore, but I still find it frightening for those who are there,” he explained. “Most of the time the North is just trying to scare the South, but what if someday it goes too far?” As of now, North Korea has not followed through on its threat to attack, and the South has stated it has seen no suspicious military activities from the North as a result of the balloon launch. This is still a worrying situation for those with ties in South

Korea. “I’m scared for my family,” said Luke Hysunu Kim, a South Korean-descent UFV student. “I have to question what the South is trying to accomplish in these demonstrations.” This event is just one among a series of recent threats from North Korea. This comes at a time when the international community is still trying to judge the character of North Korea’s new leader, Kim Jung-Un, who took his position as leader of North Korea last December.




I never wash my coffee mug. There. I said it. DESSA BAYROCK THE CASCADE

There are a lot of things I start neglecting when midterms start raising their ugly heads, and I’m sure I’m not the only one. When a set of short-answer questions and essay responses are staring you down, many other things become less important. For instance, I stopped washing my coffee mug this semester. There was no moment of truth where I made a conscious decision. There wasn’t one morning where I specifically picked studying over the cleanliness of my coffee receptacle. It just happened, and I’m not sure how. The thing is I don’t actually care that much. When I stop and think about it, sure – it’s a little gross. But the more I think about it, the less gross it gets. I don’t put cream and sugar in my coffee and everyone knows that coffee never goes bad. It’s just coffee in my mug, so it’s not like it’s going to go mouldy. Right? And I drink so much coffee that I’m always filling the damn thing back up again. Think about how much time I’m saving by not washing it every time I finish a cuppa. It’s got to be hours, in total. At least a

couple half-hours. Maybe 20 minutes. Twenty minutes could be the difference between acing that test and crying over a C+. Is dish cleanliness really worth getting C+? Is it? You can decide for yourself, but I know what I pick, hands down, any day. These are the kinds of thoughts that trickle around the edges of my brain whenever I start thinking about my mug in earnest. I know I’m not exactly being logical, and it’s probably good practice to clean my mug. But I have cleaned it – at least twice in living memory. That’s not so bad, right? Maybe I’m using all my logic skills to write research papers. That might be why they are completely lacking in the hot beverage hemisphere of my life. Looking at the situation objectively, the thing that scares me most about this situation actually has nothing to do with coffee. It’s the fact that I’ve also started drinking tea this semester. Out of the same mug. Still don’t wash it. You know why? Because in some secret recess of my brain, I believe that green tea is cauterizing my mug. Why would I think that? Nobody in their right mind would think that, but here I am thinking it. For the 15 per cent of my brain screaming that

cleanliness is next to godliness, there is 85 per cent that honestly believes I am cleaning my mug. With green tea. “They put green tea in soap, right?” my brain asks itself. “That means green tea practically is soap.” “Oh, totally,” my brain replies to itself. “I saw that in Bodyworks or something. It’s got something in it that’s really good for you. Açai or something. Omega 3?” I hesitate to dive into the psychology of this too deeply, since I’ve never actually taken a psychology class. But overall, I think I’m still pretty healthy about this. I am being completely honest with myself. I have a white mug, so I am utterly aware of where I stand. Every morning I am totally at peace with the mounting rings of caffeinestaining, and then I hide them away under the joy of a fresh cup of coffee. There are better things to worry about, like being totally unprepared for the English paper due tomorrow. If I’m not going to take the time to wash my mug, I’m definitely not going to take the time to stress about not washing my mug. It’s only logical. It’s only logical.

A grubby-looking mug from the Cascade office.

Where-intil Scotland be free

What are we being trained educated for?


You know that place with the kilts and the clouds and the inscrutable accents? That place that prides itself on having national treasures such as a giant stone slab or a poet whose poems, such as the Burns’ “Address to a Haggis,” they can quote in its entirety? That little country is not its own country. Scotland is a part of the United Kingdom and despite the fact that it has autonomy over such matters as education, economy, health, environment and the legal system, as well as a clear national identity, Scotland still answers to London in matters of global significance. Why, you may ask, is this important? Why is this suddenly a newsworthy—or rather opinion-worthy— topic of discussion now? It all comes down to the First Minister of Scotland, Alex Salmond, pushing for a referendum in which residents of Scotland can vote for or against Scotland’s independence. Salmond, as leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP), was voted into the position of the First Minister in 2011 as part of a majority government at Holyrood. Holyrood is the heart and soul of the Scottish government, at the base of Arthur’s Seat (Edinburgh’s main “mountain” peak) and across the street from the Palace of Holyroodhouse (the royal family’s Scottish residence). For Canadians, this whole situation seems eerily familiar and the BBC is quite aware of the similarities between Scotland’s desire for independence and that of Québec. However, the UK sees Canada’s dealings with Québec as a model of what not to do. BBC Scotland’s political reporter Andrew Black sums it up best, “All the parties—unionist and pro-independence—are keen to avoid the situation which has unfolded in the Canadian province of Québec, where debate over multiple independence

Image: Dessa Bayrock



Image: Nick Ublels/The Cascade

A cannon’s eye view of the Scottish capital of Edinburgh. referenda over the years has been dubbed the ‘neverendum.’” The SNP has dated the referendum to be in the fall of 2014 to allow for enough time to garner support. Salmond wants to avoid the “neverendum” situation in Canada by having just one major referendum. If the answer for Scottish residents is yes to “Do you agree that Scotland should be an independent country?” then the path to independence will begin – but it would be a long path since the ties between Scotland and England are much more complicated than a simple split would allow. What about, for example, the nuclear weapons Britain currently has sitting in the north? Or the fiscal autonomy Scotland would have over its natural resources? How would this affect the pound or—less likely— the euro, if the Scottish government would choose to jump on that sinking ship? The SNP, though, is practicing a great amount of foresight. They recognize the fact that a referendum right now would be hasty and lead to a quick “no” from the majority of the Scottish population. They also recognize who would be affected by this vote: the youths. Against the wishes of the UK min-

isters, the SNP is demanding that the age to vote on this referendum be lowered to include those that will be 16 in 2014, and 18 in 2016 when Scottish independence would be fully realized. If, however, the answer is no, the SNP will lay the independence issue aside in favour of other autonomy measures. What I find most interesting about this entire process is the echo of Canada and the Québecois. Québec separatism is akin to the boy who cried wolf. Canadians see the stories in the paper and are interested for half a second until they realize it’s the same old thing rehashed in yet another political year, but the arguments are similar to Scotland. A desire to stand autonomous on a global stage without hand-holding the nation that brought it under its wings centuries ago, and a distinct cultural and political identity make Scotland and Québec partners in the same crusade – but one seems to have it a little more under control than the other. While Canada acts as the troubled nephew and cautionary tale to the UK, Scotland adjusts their national kilt, grabs a beer and puts one foot in front of the other toward a potentially successful independence referendum.

Lecture, study, research, cram, repeat – what is the point exactly, if we are all just here to get a job? It probably isn’t the best question to be asking in the fourth year of my degree, but if I wasn’t asking it, then I wouldn’t have learned much. The confidence to ask questions that no one else wants to, and the ammunition to answer them is at the crux of my time at university, but does everyone come away with this arsenal? It feels like, today, the collective mentality is “get in, get the degree, and get out” without much consideration for what we are learning while we are here. Long forgotten are the days when students would attend a university to have their minds expanded to new ideas and ways of thinking before going on to develop specific vocational skills. Some programs do operate this way. The TEP and PDP programs in this province require a bachelor’s degree before students move on to a specific skill program and practicum. There are stipulations to the path you choose in your degree, but you are still free to concentrate in English literature before moving on to learn how to teach kindergarten – a profession in which, I’m sure, Homer’s Odyssey won’t be a topic of critical contemplation. However, for the rest of us nonwould-be-teachers, we expect our degree to be enough. At the discussion forum, Cafe Philosophique, held on the Abbotsford Campus on October 24, the idea was presented that the present driving force for universities is employability. The government wants to see students coming out of their degree programs and getting into the workforce. This has forced the hand of institutions like ours, to focus its efforts on arming students with job skills. The soft skills— critical thinking, reasoning, problem

Image: UFV/Flickr

solving and effective communication to name a few—are increasingly being forgotten about, and the BA is being deemed “the useless degree.” The secret to a BA is not assuming your only options are to become a philosopher or psychologist, but to understand how to market yourself. Unfortunately, there is no master list of available jobs once you have studied your way through early modern literature. The job market is suddenly very inviting, however, when you realize that critical thinking, reasoning problem solving and effective communication are key to any non-entry level position. Don’t get me wrong, practical programs are useful in getting jobs, but there is opportunity to capitalize on the best of both worlds. Employers are more likely to hire someone with the skills gained in the liberal arts than someone without these courses. Why not take a page out of the TEP program and learn how to do your job after you have learned the soft skills that will make you successful at it? University, for a long time, was about searching for higher learning. Now, if we aren’t careful, dollars and cents will be the main priority and the better employees that come out with a cap and gown, the higher the profit. So the question remains, are you in university to learn and challenge, or are you here to train and follow right into the workforce?




The trade agreement copyright problem JOE JOHNSON THE CASCADE

How important are trade agreements? In a world that seems to be getting smaller each day, some might say very. They give us access to cheaper goods and allow for Canadian exports to compete on a level playing field. And as for jobs, that can be a net benefactor as well. But is there a point where a trade agreement becomes a bad idea? I would argue yes, case-in-point being the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). As an emerging agreement currently under negotiations between a total of 11 countries in the AsiaPacific region, nine until Canada and Mexico were finally allowed entrance a few weeks ago, the TPP is going to be complex. Certainly there’s no trade agreement that’s not filled with nuanced intricacies but this one will be far more so than any bilateral agreement. So after two-and-a-half years of talks already having taken place towards developing the TPP, Canada’s now in. And we got in thanks to our selfless neighbours to the south. The US Congress set a mandatory 90-day notice to the other nations upon which the expiry allowed the two new entrants into the TPP. However, we’re members with a second-tier status. Steering away from why Canada had been left out of the negotiations for so long in the first place, my discussion here is on copyright. It gets me going every time. Beginning on the home front, Canadian copyright laws have already been under attack for some time. It took a number of years and

multiple attempts by different governments but Canadian copyright law was finally realigned less than a year ago under bill C-11, Copyright Modernization Act. One of the overly-zealous provisions in that was on digital locks. But with the TPP, the copyright discussion continues. Only this time it’s other nations making the decisions. And did I mention that the United States—a country firmly in the hands of copyright lobbyists—is the largest player in the TPP comprising three quarters of the entire $20.5 trillion GDP involved. Critics already see the writing on the wall. Multiple organizations such as and The Electronic Frontier Foundation are grouping together in an effort called Stop The Trap and gathering petition signatures. At this time the petition already has 116,000 signatures. One of the potential scares of the agreement is that it’s occurring in the dark without transparency. The only information to get to the public is what’s been leaked. And

Image: Stewart Seymour/The Cascade

the kicker with Canada only now joining is that we’re limited to two options, agree to or reject what’s already been decided upon. And our Conservative government is certainly not going to reject it and the opportunity to access emerging markets. On top of that, going forward our status at the table will still only grant us the power of a signatory, not a voice. Being that these negotiations are being handled behind closed doors it is difficult to know every specific. But what has made it out in terms of copyright has partly come in the form of a draft on the intellectual property section. I’ll just go over a few of what’s known here. One of these potential changes is requiring ISPs to take a stronger role on infringement than what the C-11 bill requires with its notice and notice system. The new method would be, according to University of Toronto law professor Dr. Michael Geist “a termination system that would cut off Internet access for subscribers accused of

Letter to the editor infringement.” Again, that’s for simply being accused. Another change would be removing the statutory damage cap of $5000, even if it’s an infringement that doesn’t have a commercial intent. As it stands now. if an average citizen is found guilty there’s a cap on the amount they can be taken to court for. This would be removed to allow for large punitive damages. Others include greater penalties for overriding digital locks, the copyright life would be extended from 50 years to 70 years and copyright life on sound recordings would in some cases go from 50 years to 95 years, and ISPs would be required to turn over your personal information to a complainant on their word. This list could keep going on but I believe the point is clear, these are large fundamental changes that go far beyond the already strong C-11. The TPP has become a dog for the lobby groups trying to impose their will into law around the world. This isn’t the first time we’ve seen copyright law being pushed and it won’t be the last. But I’ll state this; it is the reason for my opposition to certain trade agreements. The next TPP meeting will occur in December and it will likely be 2013 when the negotiations as a whole become ratified. Be assured, Canadian copyright in its current state is going to change, again. And they will not be Canadian made laws. These laws are being drafted and will be signed onto without proper consultation and behind closed doors.

re: CNOOC-Nexen takover and Canada-China trade agreement I do not believe that selling off long-term assets for a quick buck is in the best interests of Canadian economic prosperity. I congratulate government on rejecting the Petronas takeover bid, and voice my support for similar rejection of the CNOOC-Nexen takeover. Holding direct control over these resources provides us stronger economic and energy security in the future. Likewise, I cannot support the terms of the Canada-China Foreign Investment Protection Agreement (FIPPA). The legal rights granted to foreign entities far exceeds reasonable permissions, and FIPPA does not present what the majority of Canadians would deem a “net benefit to Canada.” It protects Chinese corporate economic interests, and limits the actionable rights of our companies and government institutions. The long-term prosperity of this trade agreement will be delivered mostly to foreign interests, leaving us only with diminished resources. FIPPA does not protect Canadian jobs, it will indeed assist in their termination. These deals open up Canadian industries for buy-out more readily than NAFTA, and this deeply concerns me. Principles of democracy grant us rights to determine our future, but the government wants to undermine these rights and lock us into a path of foreignownership and resource extraction until at least 2040. Jay Mitchell

Rawn: Is “active learning” in the classroom helping you learn or wasting time? CATHERINE RAWN THE UBYSSEY

The other day I said to my class, “Please turn to the person next to you, and together come up with an example of a time when you or someone you know experienced classical conditioning,” a concept which I had just described. Many students enthusiastically took advantage of this learning opportunity. But as I looked around the room, some students were checking email, some students were talking about other things, and others were simply staring blankly into space. I thought to myself: why aren’t more people taking advantage of this chance to study? The midterm is next week! This experience prompted me to think (again) about why I ask students to engage in particular activities on their own during class – and I thought you might be interested in knowing, too. Why do I ask my students to do things like this? Because it works. The broad framework of what’s called “active learning” has taken higher education by storm over the last decade or two. Every time I ask students to discuss ideas and problems with people around them, participate in demonstrations, privately write a summary of what they just learned or engage in a team test, I am using some of the techniques of active learning.

Image: Geoff Lister

There are dozens of examples of studies that have compared courses or topics that use active learning approaches to those that don’t. The specifics differ by course and discipline, but the message is clear: active learning results in improved student learning, relative to traditional lecture format. Granted, not just any activity

will do; those that are tied to specific, measurable learning objectives are best. My teaching practice is far from perfect in this regard, but I strive for such synergy daily among my inclass activities and learning objectives (and assessments too, but that’s another story). So why is it that some students

choose to take advantage of active learning techniques in the classroom, and others sit idly? Maybe the idle students are idle when I’m lecturing too, but I just don’t notice as much. Perhaps some students are unmotivated by the task or are failing to take care of their physical health and therefore zone out. Okay. But I think another

part is not realizing just how valuable those active learning opportunities can be. Based on research from cognitive psychology, I suspect that active learning works because working with the material promotes recalling it, which strengthens memories. It can also help people attach new ideas to existing memories, so the new ideas stand a better chance of being recalled and perhaps even applied in new situations. By taking five minutes to think up an example from your own life of a concept—like classical conditioning, if you’re in my intro to psych class— you will remember it better than if you didn’t. Even if you’re tired or uninterested or thinking about your weekend plans or otherwise don’t feel like participating in active learning, remember that. Learning is challenging. It takes work on the part of the person trying to learn. On the first day of each of my courses, I warn my students: I’m here to create conditions in which you might learn, but I’m not going to guarantee anything. You must make the choice to learn. And that’s what it comes down to. It’s your choice to waste your time or to help yourself learn. Catherine Rawn is an instructor in the psychology department at UBC. Front of Class is a series of columns on post-secondary policy from UBC students, professors, instructors and administrators.




Obama-Biden, Romney-Ryan or Romney-Biden? A split ticket isn’t quite as far-fetched as you might think SEAN EVANS & NICK UBELS THE CASCADE

With just days until the American population goes to the polls to decide who will be the next leader of the free world, your favourite two eccentric billionaires and NASCAR enthusiasts— Nick Ubels and Sean Evans—take us through the drama that could ensue from a tie on November 6. Nick: Well Sean, things are certainly getting down to the wire in this year’s Presidential contest. By the time this gets to print, it will be only six days until Americans who haven’t voted early have the last chance to cast their ballot. Both camps are polling steadily at 47 per cent, but the picture skews a little bit in Obama’s favour when that split is broken up according to the complicated, and some would say distinctly undemocratic electoral college system where state-by-state victory is tabulated into a final score. Most states are clearly leaning red or blue, meaning the election will ultimately come down to a few key swing states. If Romney can take Colorado, Florida and Virginia, it’s going to be an incredibly close election. Just how close? Depending on the combination of states that go to Romney and Obama, it’s mathematically possible the election could end in a tie. *Cue dramatic music* Sean: Before images of co-presidents Obama and Romney fighting for desk space in the oval office jump to mind, let me explain what would (likely) happen in the months following the election. If the electoral college vote were to come to a tie, the newly-elected House of Representatives would have the right and responsibility to break the tie. Each state delegation (comprised of all the members of congress from each state) would be given one vote – meaning the massive California would have the same say as tiny Rhode Island. A vote of this nature would almost certainly result in a Romney presi-

Image: Stewart Seymour/The Cascade

Sean and Nick stride away from an explosive car wreck. dency, as the Republican party is stronger across a greater number of states than the Democrats (think of all those states in the centre of the country). As disappointing as that result would be for Democrats, is there reason for them to have some optimism, Nick? Nick: In fact there is, Sean. In the unspeakably ludicrous event of a tie, the Senate would vote to determine the new Vice-President. Unless there are some massive, and unexpected changes to the makeup of the Senate in November, the Democrats who control that legislative body will decide whether Biden or Ryan would take office. In the event of a Senate tie, Biden himself would cast the deciding vote as sitting VP. A House/Senate decision also assumes that there are no “faithless” electors in the event of a pre-

sumed tie. Republicans and Democrats alike select people they think will tow the party line and vote according to their state’s pledge in the electoral college meeting in December. Yet in the past 16 elections, there have been at least nine “faithless” electors who have ultimately cast their vote for someone else. Usually, these minor discrepancies do not amount to any changes in the final result, but in an election as tight as this, and with the Presidency all but set to go to Romney if the Republican House were to decide, you can bet Democrats would be campaigning hard to convince a few Republican electors to switch sides. A Romney-Biden White House would either usher in a vibrant era of bipartisanship, or more likely result in four years of spectacular deadlock never before seen in the history of American politics.

Sean: I observe politics like I watch NASCAR. I am all about the flaming car crash and to put it mildly, a Romney-Biden Presidency would be the flaming car crash of the century (note: Biden would understand the NASCAR metaphor) Nick: You watch NASCAR? Interesting you should use that analogy. Kelly Oxford recently tweeted that “Canadians watch U.S. politics like Americans watch Honey Boo Boo.” We’re fascinated by trainwrecks. Sean: Exactly, and because we watch from a distance, we can take solace in the fact that it probably will not dramatically impact our lives. All that said, were this insane scenario actually to play out, it would have the potential to

dramatically change the way that Americans elect their President. Many have suggested that this could spell the end of the baffling electoral college system that has allowed a number of presidents, including George W. Bush, to be elected while losing the popular vote. In my mind, if this were to bring about some change in the system, it would be worth it. Heck, even if it didn’t, it would still be worth it. Bring on the flaming car wrecks. Nick: Here, here! Sometimes it takes a crisis to fix a broken system. And politics aside, it would be entertaining as hell. Join Nick and Sean next week as they go undercover in the United States of America to talk with real Americans who are voting and campaigning in this election.

Movember: how you can make a difference ALEXEI SUMMERS THE CASCADE

November is rapidly approaching, and with the falling of the leaves, we will see moustaches sprouting from the upper lips of men all over town, for Movember is approaching as well. Growing facial hair is an age-old manly tradition. In fact, up until the 20th century, most men had beards, particularly in the Americas. It wasn’t until the advent of the gas mask during the First World War that men were forced to shave their beards so the gas masks would fit on their faces. After the war in the 1920s beards had fallen out of favour because of this, and their popularity never fully regained itself. However, in our modern day and age, there has been a resurgence of facial hair growth, particularly in the last decade. This can perhaps be attributed to the Movember movement, which originated in Australia and New Zealand. It serves as a means of raising awareness for

prostate cancer, and other issues that plague men. The rules are that one must grow a moustache—though some people grow full beards instead—and that by growing said moustache, awareness and funding may be raised through word of mouth, and donations. According the Movember Foundation, the goal of Movember is to “change the face of men’s health.” Males participating in Movember often refer to themselves

as “Mo-bros.” Movember’s roots can be traced back to a bar in Adelaide, South Australia, in 1999. However, it wasn’t until 2004 that it became an internationallyorganized event on a massive scale. I am pleased to say that this year I am officially taking part in Movember. But after looking more into it, and into its origins, I’ve begun to wonder if Movember is that effective. Does it generate that many donations, or are men all over the place simply jumping on the bandwagon and using it as an excuse to grow moustaches? Surely, even if they are, it’s still spreading the word so it can’t possibly be a bad thing. There are a lot of people taking part in various November-based nonshaving regimes who’ve not done any good for the real cause. The official rules of Movember are as follows: 1. Once registered at movember. com each Mo-bro must begin the 1st of Movember with a clean-shaven face. 2. For the entire month of No-

vember each Mo-bro must grow and groom a moustache. 3. There is to be no joining of the Mo to [one’s] sideburns. (That’s considered a beard.) 4. There is to be no joining of the handlebars to [one’s] chin. (That’s considered a goatee.) 5. Each Mo-bro must conduct himself like a true country gentleman. Now, while nowhere does it state that men must donate to any funds or charities if they’re participating in Movember, it is encouraged. Most men who participate will probably not donate. Ask yourself, if you’ve participated in the past, have your actions really helped the cause any? If you really want to help raise male prostate cancer awareness and help fund research you really should consider donating to a charity. Simply growing out facial hair helps no one. It spreads awareness, but what good is awareness if nobody donates? In recent years the Movember Foundation has reportedly raised $174

million worldwide, only using eight per cent of that revenue for operation costs and fees. The rest all goes directly to research and awareness. As I’ve said, I will be participating in Movember, however I will not simply be growing facial hair for the hell of it. I will be donating to the fund, and I encourage anyone else participating in Movember to do the same. Set an example and donate. If someone else catches word of you having made a donation the word it will get around that Movember isn’t just a month for growing fancy moustaches. It’s also a pretty great cause, and might even save your life one day. If you would like to donate money, or would like more information on men’s prostate health, please visit the website of the Prostate Cancer Research Foundation of Canada at For more information regarding Movember visit




“SUS has a budget problem, not an AfterMath problem.” SUS to divert additional money to save AfterMath until permanent solution can be reached NICK UBELS


After a heated debate, the SUS board of directors has voted to keep AfterMath open through the end of November. The campus pub recently reached its deficit threshold for the year. This meant that it would take special action on the part of the SUS to increase its budget and keep it open. The decision was reached last Friday morning at a four-hour regular meeting of the board of directors at UFV’s Mission campus. Representative-at-large Jay Mitchell motioned that there should be a roll call vote so the minutes would include the voting record of each SUS board member. An August re-evaluation of AfterMath finances set the deficit limit for this fiscal year (April 2012 to March 2013) at $80,000. As of October, the campus pub surpassed $60,000 in loss, which meant that even if it were to close immediately and handle those attendant costs, it would cost the society an additional $10,000 to $20,000 over the original $80,000 budgeted according to a SUS press release dated October 19. VP finance Sam Broadfoot explained that the SUS had budgeted according to “best case scenario projections” and the amount of money they had available. “Unforunately that didn’t work out,” he said. SUS board members and a gallery of student guests spent nearly two hours in a crowded Mission classroom debating how far they should go to save what CISSA president and UFV student Derek Froese called the society’s “most visible service.” Prior to his assumption of the position of clubs and associations representative, Zack Soderstrom urged postponing any decision about the fate of AfterMath until the next SUS board meeting in two weeks so that students could provide more feedback on the process. “This is the first time we’ve had both sides hold a proper discussion on this,” he said. After conferring with Soderstrom, outgoing clubs and associations representative Nick Willms moved to table the motion until the next meeting, but was the only board member to vote in favour of doing so. VP academic Dan Van Der Kroon said that waiting for two weeks to make a decision would be detrimental to the society’s finances. Based on AfterMath’s average monthly loss of $10,000, van der Kroon claimed that, “tabling the motion would have $5000 in financial ramifications for the society.” Uneasy finances are a cause for concern for many SUS board members when faced with the prospect of bailing out AfterMath with additional funds. Representative-at-large Rachel Waslewsky said that keeping AfterMath open at all costs could destroy the society’s finances. “We could bankrupt our socety if

CISSA president Derek Froese’s reaction to the SUS decision to delay AfterMath’s closure: “It’s not the ideal thing. I would have rather not have a motion to cancel it pass today, but given the way people feel and the numbers that are there, I can understand why it happened. I’m just glad SUS saw it was not right to make an immediate decision so quick. I’m quite pleased that they postponed it. Overall I’m pleased: it’s not 100 per cent ideal, but it’s good. Good stuff happened today. SUS wants AfterMath open, and that’s something that was heard today, [and] I’m very glad to have heard that . . . they don’t feel it’s worth fighting for as strongly as maybe I do and some other people do, but they do want to keep it open. I don’t think any subversive political moves are necessary. I think democracy will be heard, especially now that there’s a GM. I’m confident that SUS is working towards the best interest of our students as far as AfterMath goes. They just might not place as much value on things as I do on various things, but you know what, democracy will be served, that’s ultimately what’s going to happen and I’m happy with that so no I don’t think there’s going to be any mobilization of an army or political coups.” we keep it open all year,” she said. Broadfoot raised concerns about investors backing out of the Student Union Building project, which has already been delayed over funding issues, if the SUS does not exercise fiscal discipline. “If we don’t show financial responsibility,” he said, “investors will be strongly motivated to deny us a loan.” Waslewsky suggested that SUS should delay relaunching AfterMath until the SUB opens and the campus pub will have more space to thrive. AfterMath is currently using a former concession stand as its kitchen. VP social Chris Doyle raised the argument that the SUS would have to shoulder the same costs elsewhere if they closed AfterMath due to prior event commitments. “We’re going to be spending the same money to maintain commitments to clubs and associations,” he said. “Clubs and associations is going to take an ass-kicking in the next meeting if we close AfterMath.” Waslewsky suggested a student referendum on an AfterMath fee would be the only way to gauge student commitment to the campus pub. “It’s not fair for us to make a decision for the masses,” she said. Derek Froese criticized Waslewsky’s proposal for a referendum, saying that it ignored student consultation about whether AfterMath should stay open. “Don’t close AfterMath; let us talk about closing AfterMath,” said Froese. “You guys aren’t listening to the students at all. How about we, say, ask the students if we

want to close it in the first place?” The debate became charged as members argued over the benefit versus financial viability of running a student pub service. On a number of occasions, SUS president Shane Potter had to call for order among the members of the board. “Guys,” he said, “there’s a lot of emotion in here, so let’s settle down.” The question remains where the extra funding required to keep AfterMath open for an additional month will come from. VP finance Sam Broadfoot said some of the money will come from an $8000 deficit fund. VP social Chris Doyle suggested $10,000 to $12,000 might be re-allocated from events funding in the winter semester. Students speak out on potential closure While the board decided to keep AfterMath open through to the end of fall classes, students will ultimately determine its fate. In a general meeting scheduled for November 21 on the Abbotsford campus, students will be able to decide whether to move funds from other areas of the SUS budget to keep AfterMath open for the rest of the year. Student associations were out in force on Friday to express their thoughts on the potential closure. BCSA president Jennifer Martel said that UFV has come a long way from when she started attending a few years ago, and compared the old UFV to high school. She pointed to AfterMath as one of the main catalysts for the development of campus life.

Image:Anthony Biondi

AfterMath will remain open until at least November 30.

“AfterMath [is our] biggest tool for building community at UFV,” said Martel. CISSA president Derek Froese was one of the most vocal opponents of the AfterMath closure at Friday’s meeting. He presented a detailed argument before the SUS board showing that AfterMath has consistently reduced its losses each of the past two years under the management of Brad Ross, making the case that AfterMath has become an essential part of campus life. “SUS has a budget problem, not an AfterMath problem,” he said. VP internal Greg Stickland addressed Froese’s criticism by explaining that the AfterMath/ Casey’s subsidy has crippled other SUS services. “There is no option to keep it open the entire term,” he said. “That money does not exist, there’s no money to pull from; we can’t do that without putting the entire SUS

into huge, huge jeopardy.” Froese also argued students were not given nearly enough time to present solutions or have their voices heard on the issue before it was brought before the SUS board. “The outcry against this is huge,” he said. A Facebook event created by Jay Mitchell last Friday called “Oppose Closure of AfterMath” had recruited 228 members by Saturday, while over XXX have signed a petition circulating at AfterMath to keep it open. The potential closure was announced October 19 via a SUS press release. “If you truly want students’ input, give us time,” Froese said. He explained to the SUS that they would only be “deferring cost by closing and reopening later.” Froese’s impassioned, 15-minute address to the SUS board of directors was met with an ovation from the crowd.

VP internal Greg Stickland responds to Froese’s “budget problem” comment: “To say that we want to close this because we have devious intentions I don’t feel is accurate. We’ve been trying to save it all aboard. We’ve tweaked the mark-up. We’ve looked at the projections. We’ve lowered staffing costs, we’ve reduced our hours. AfterMath fundamentally does not work, that’s why it’s subsidized. The reason why we’re in this situation is because, yes, past boards have spent future boards’ money and because we’ve always been slammed by AfterMath/Casey’s. It’s always more than we have planned for. Last year, the board was borderline expecting to make money on AfterMath, we were slammed with a $140,000 subsidy and that’s demolished our capital reserve. And then we found in our budgets from past boards, to hide the Casey’s subsidy? They took money from Health and Dental and we were slammed with that bill. That’s why we have no capital reserve anymore . . . The reason our budget is so lean is because we have to subsidize so much, that one service, that we can’t grow in other services. There is no option to keep it open the entire term. That money does not exist, there’s no money to pull from, we can’t do that without putting the entire SUS into huge, huge jeopardy and without the SUS AfterMath goes away anyway.”




AfterMath is a service, not a business Just because it doesn’t make any money doesn’t mean that it’s a sinking ship. Now play nice. I love it, inexplicable numerical components and all. THE CASCADE Let me tell you a story. It was I’ve been thinking all semester about a month ago, and I had about how awesome AfterMath planned my day out badly and is. UFV has had a student pub on only left 10 minutes to get from one campus for years and years, but class to another and somehow feed this is only the second year in its myself on the way. Usually I pack current form. a lunch; this fateful day, I failed Despite the fact that it always to remember my Tupperware. I seems to be hopping, SUS an- was facing a four-hour lecture on nounced this month that After- an empty stomach and I was not Math has hit its threshold deficit pleased with life. of $60,000 and its future is in jeopOn gut instinct, I stopped by Afardy. terMath. It’s only slated for $80,000 total “I have 10 minutes to get to for the entire 2012/2013 school class, and I need food,” I told the year, so the fact that it’s run guy behind the counter. through 75 per cent of that budget Two minutes later I had a Stybarely halfway through the fall rofoam box in my hand. It cost me semester is worrisome to say the $6. I was early for class, and I was least. eating a massive portion of some Is there a possibility that After- kind of salsa chicken rice concocMath will close? Definitely. Where tion. Everyone. Was. Jealous. More will that leave us? Will we be importantly, I wasn’t hungry. More struck with Sodexo? Will we have importantly, AfterMath had proa pub at all, or will students have vided for me. AfterMath had my to make a trek to (the far more back. pricey) Finnegan’s? The fact of the We’ve got a good thing going matter is SUS just doesn’t have the here, and we should do everything money to throw at this. Unless stu- we can to keep it around. dents come up with a better idea, It’s no secret that under this we may very well be stuck with management, and with this chef whatever we’re handed. in the kitchen, and with this set of I’m not going to lie; Casey’s used students as waiters and bartends, to suck. It sucked hard, and in all AfterMath is a completely new sorts of ways. I can count on one pub. It had a facelift, and boy, did hand the number of times I’d eaten it ever need one. I don’t think I’ve at the campus pub when it was still bought lunch from the cafeteria called Casey’s, and there are many once this semester, and it’s because reasons why. The service was bad. the food at AfterMath is both betThe food was bad. The menu was ter and cheaper. There is simply no bad. The poutine was bad. The contest. staff was stand-offish. The atmoBut while we’re talking facts, the sphere was gloomy and weird. student pub on campus has never But then there was the magical turned a profit. This was true of evolution into AfterMath Socia- Casey’s, and it’s unfortunately 1hou5e, and I’ve got to tell you – true of AfterMath. At first, the logical Roll call vote to close Af- conclusion is to close AfterMath if it’s not terMath on Nov. 30 and re- making any money. If we’re going to sink open September 2013 money into it for no reason, then why Motion: “Whereas AfterMath is due keep it open? It comes down to for review when related operations a simple distinction: cost in total $60,000 or more, be it AfterMath isn’t a resolved that AfterMath be close on business, it’s a serNovember 30 and have renewed opervice. It falls in the same category as the ations considered for September 2013 U-Pass and the health after a business proposal has been adand dental plan as opted.” something that we, In favour as students, are payDan Van Der Kroon ing SUS to operate Chris Doyle for us. Compared to Nick Willms other restaurants, AfterMath is hemorRyan Petersen rhaging money and Debbie Ellis would have shut Vitor Carvalho down years ago. But Jun Feng AfterMath is more Sam Broadfoot than a restaurant; Greg Stickland it’s a safe haven for students who need a place to study, chill Opposed out and get tequila Jay Mitchell before midterms. It Rachel Waslewsky is a necessary part of university life, and— Abstentions if UFV intends to Sean Webber brand itself as a university—the pub had better stick around. Right now, it’s far from an ideal situ-


Image:Anthony Biondi

ation. The space is narrow and cramped, and the kitchen is a repurposed concession stand; the menu is limited because a lot of the food has to be pre-cooked, and there isn’t room for more than 1.5 people to be working in the kitchen at any one time. This is part of the problem that moving to the still-unbuilt Student Union Building (SUB) will solve, but I don’t want to count that chicken before I know there’s even an egg. Right now we have what we have, and we make the best of it. And you know what? They’ve done a spectacular job. I eat at AfterMath more often than I eat at home. I know there’s always somewhere I can go to get a quick bite or a long draft, and it’s a great venue for fundraisers, events, concerts – you name it. It’s not making money, but that’s hardly news. At this point, it doesn’t matter whose fault it is. Pointing fingers isn’t going to help anyone. I want to keep the pub open, you want to keep the pub open, SUS wants to keep the pub open. There shouldn’t really be any issue here, but I’ve been hearing people pick sides all week: Shane Potter versus AfterMath, SUS versus Brad Ross, the pub versus “The Man.” These

are not real divides; we’re all on the same team. There are two sides to this battle, but let me make this clear: none of us should be fighting each other. This is us versus the funding. There are no other sides to this. If we can find a way to pay for AfterMath to stay open, be that through reallocating funds, holding a referendum or generous donation, we win. If we squabble like schoolchildren, point fingers and argue over who got us into this mess, we will get nowhere. The funding will win and we will lose. The pub will shut. You’ll be buying over-priced and badly-cooked grilled cheese at Sodexo before you can say PBR. Nobody wants that, so can we please stop fighting each other? The concept is so basic that even High School Musical can use it as a central theme: we’re all in this together. It’s going to take more than putting our names to a petition to save AfterMath; it’s going to take a hard look at the numbers and some quick thinking. Most of all, it’s going to take teamwork. The fact of the matter is that there are no evil people who have set out to deprive us of food and beer; the only people on SUS try-

ing to shut AfterMath are the ones trying to be realistic about what it costs students to keep it open. Because it is costing us, and we can’t just close our eyes and pretend it isn’t. Believe it or not, SUS doesn’t just have $50,000 laying around that they can throw at this budget problem to make it go away. And unlike past SUS boards, they aren’t willing to steal that $50,000 from other projects (like the Health and Dental Plan or the U-Pass) to keep AfterMath running. I cannot express how stupendously admirable this is. Instead, they’re giving students the chance to see where their money is going. If we can scrounge or raise $50,000, we can save the pub. But SUS is making sure we know exactly where that money’s coming from and how it will affect other services. We asked for a more transparent SUS. It would be kind of stupid to complain now that we’re getting it. Honestly, I don’t think AfterMath will close. Students or SUS will find a way, because nobody wants to be part of the SUS that shut the pub – and that applies to both board members and students.





Monsters, etc. 1






7 8









2. He’s blue. He’s growly. And he’s always got a jar beside him. (6, 7 letters) 6. Someone let this lizard grow too big. (8 letters) 8. Michael J. Fox discovered his true basketball potential when he overcame this monster inside. (4, 4 letters) 10. You may need a bigger boat to deal with this one. (4 letters) 11. This youngest sibling once scared a group of young campers with his hook hand. (6, 5 letters) 13. Despite the fact that he bites necks, he could get more blood by biting big toes. (7 letters) 14. Marshall Eriksen believes this creature to be a misunderstood lady monster. (4, 4 letters)


1. This doctor once created a grey-skinned monster. (12 letters) 3. This furry fella fell in love with the wrong species. (4, 4 letters) 4. This monster, though big and scary, has a soft spot for a little Boo. (5 letters) 5. Look out! It’s that thing! That blobs through the streets . . . Oops. (3, 4 letters) 7. This brand of fluffy white goodness once became the upper west side’s biggest terror. (4, 4 letters) 9. Guard your Kokanee. Or actually, give it up to this Canadian back woods monster. Kokanee’s not that great. (9 letters) 12. Bilbo’s original nemesis. (5 letters)

LAST WEEK’S Answer Key Across 4. The Knack 6. Bobby Day 7. Bahamen 8. McHammer 9. Loubega 11. Survivor 12. The Buggles

Down 1. Carl Douglas 2. Tommy Tutone 3. Bobby McFerrin 4. The Archies 5. Nena 10. Europe

The Weekly Horoscope Star Signs from Swamp Bob Aquarius: Jan 20 - Feb 18 Mercury states that your witty attempt at dressing as a hipster for Halloween will result in your friends insisting that you are not in costume and may lead to a vicious beating with pillow cases stuffed with candy corn.

Gemini: May 21 - June 21

Venus and Andromeda were heard chatting over tea that your idea to dress as a giant piñata will be a great success. Sadly, it will all end it tears when you pass a group of sugar-wired preteens craving your chocolaty filling.

Libra: Sept 23 - Oct 22 Uranus predicts that you will eat a bad piece of candy corn which will prompt you into stripping down in a corn field, covering yourself in day-glow body paint and glitter and proclaiming yourself the Pixie Queen of the Pumpkin Patch.

Pisces: Feb 19 - March 20

Cancer: June 22 - July 22

Scorpio: Oct 23 - Nov 21

Venus makes vague predictions about your Halloween costume of Snooki meeting with scorn and contempt from your friends and a very awkward proposal of marriage form the ambassador of Batswana (or at the very least someone dressed as him).

Neptune and the Ice Giants of Io both agree that you should utilize your origami skills and sculpt your costume this year out of old Cascade newspapers. Neptune wants you to do a bunny but the Ice Giants think that is overdone and you should be Pangaea instead.

Mercury and Pluto caution against drinking too much at your friend’s Halloween bush party least you get to drunk and try chatting up a directionally challenged black bear that was looking for the local salmon run.

Aries: March 21 - April 19

Leo: July 23 - Aug 22

Mercury foresees an amusing incident involving a plate of spaghetti marinara and an overzealous zombie hunter Halloween character. He suggests either avoiding spaghetti altogether or wear your running shoes at all times.

Jupiter and Ganymede debate over a game of Othello whether you will realize the zombie walk you signed up for is actually an elaborate bank heist orchestrated by a nefarious mastermind called, Fraulein Stahl Unterwasche (she watched a lot of James Bond movies as a child).

Taurus: April 20 - May 20

Virgo: Aug 23 - Sept 22

Pluto cautions that you will be stalked by the serial killing clown “Dr. Red Face” this Halloween. He also states that he will be in disguise and you should therefore simply punch out every person you see in clown costume to be safe.

Mars, Mercury and Calypso have a bet going at what point on Halloween you’ll ingest enough candy to catapult you into a sugar induced frenzy that will allow you to break the time space continuum.

Sagittarius: Nov 22 - Dec 21 Jupiter assures us that your Halloween party will be the talk of the town. He also states that this is mostly due to one of your guests having too much pumpkin punch and trying to sacrifice your cat to the Eldritch gods of which we do not speak. Make sure to have Bactine on hand for your friend as your cat does not like being picked up at the best of times.

Capricorn: Dec 22 - Jan 19

Uranus counsels against you wearing a Carmen Miranda outfit this Halloween lest your friends who partake in herbal supplements of the smokable variety mistake you for a walking fruit salad.

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Discussions Below the Belt Sexuality 40 years later: a musing BRADLEY BOOMER


1 2 3


Fist City It’s 1983 Grow Up Parallels XII

Grey Kingdome Light, I’ll Call Your Name Out

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12


CIVL DJ/GRAVY Adam Roper hosts Birds Of Canada every Tuesday from 3 p.m. to 4 p.m. and enjoys long weeks on the beach (walking on the beach for week long periods at a time). Here are some recent additions to his fall music playlist.

Oh Village Far Side of the Sea

Wyze Stingray Life

Elvis Was a Blonde S/T

Mother Mother The Sticks Born Gold Little Sleepwalker This is The Shoes S/T The Famines collected Singles

The Luyas Animator Cousins Palm at the End of the Mind


Philip Glass Rework (Philip Glass Remixes)

14 15 16 17 18

Mad Child Dope Sticks D-Sisive Asian Elvis B.A. Johnston Hi Dudes Tory Y Moi So Many Details

Grey Kingdome Light, I’ll Call Your Name Out


Old Man Leudecke Tender is the Night

Patchwork – “Slow Night” Using samples from what sounds like either lunch-hour in a sparsely-attended high school or the dinner shift in a university cafeteria, Nanaimo’s Patchwork creates a wonderfully contemplative Bibio-inspired soundscape. BeachesBeaches – “DriveSlow” This artist from Bellingham, also a member of Odesza, challenges the unfortunate misconception that beaches are only worth visiting in the summer. Rightly so, to grow up in a coastal climate is to be intimately accustomed to the sacred balance of the rainy seasons and the ocean. Teen Daze – “Union” The latest record from the Fraser Valley’s go-to musician is an exploration of spiritual themes emerging from the writing of Teresa of Avila, and this track, featuring backing vocals by Frankie Rose, is easily the highlight. Noble Oak – “Coke Bottle Candy” When he’s not playing anthemic indie rock with 41st & Home, Noble Oak occupies his time making chill bedroompop, ideal for an early November study session. It would be a shame to let the autumn colours go to waste, so favouring a study spot by a window would be the responsible choice.

It is interesting to read Below the Belt from the perspective of an old guy who has seen the sexual revolution, what it did to campus life and what it did to the lives of the young Canadian population. I am contributing some vignettes just to point out that things really don’t change. They adapt a bit but life goes on. I am by no means typical. Most of my peers were considerably more sexually active than myself. Flashback to late 1960s, when a girl in trouble just disappeared from class never to be seen. In fact, there was a special school in Vancouver just for those kinds of girls. Then along comes the Pill and the game changes. My first memory of rising feminism in a Vancouver city college was one summer session. I was quietly trying to study on a hot afternoon while a group of girls were making a concerted effort to distribute the McGill University pamphlet on birth control and other useful information nearby. If I recall it was about 1971. They were frustrated in their efforts to place this small newspaper in the hands of other girls; no female seemed to want to be seen receiving such literature in public. The girls finally decided to place stacks of the pamphlets in female washrooms, and in the space of a few hours the pamphlets disappeared. They were elated that they finally were able to reach their target audience. Keep in mind that five years earlier it was illegal to distribute any form of birth control. The Pill only became an official contraceptive in Canada in 1969; the only reason there were condoms available behind the counter was for prevention of venereal disease. We did not call them STDs (or STIs) back then. Any girl wanting to know more about sexuality in general was labeled by her peers as “loose.” I made sure I got myself a few extra copies. That is how I rounded out my sexual education. My father never brought up the subject, and the only comment from my mother was a warning not to get a girl into trouble. The details on how I was to do—or not do—this task was omitted. Interesting that of all the population segments, university students were and likely still are the least experienced. If you’re busy studying and saving for tuition it does not leave much time for extracurricular activities in the back seat. I am not saying that people reading this are less able to experience the delights of such relationships, but they have been on a journey that required some sacrifices. The student population—more intelligent by academic selection— brings a greater nuance to their sexual encounters than the regular roll in the hay. Lack of actual experience is compensated for the students’ intellect and imagination that creates very lasting and memorable experiences. In all the social changes some things have remained the same. The glow in some student’s eyes, the lust and the love still fills the air with each new semester. The colourful chalk-written message of undying love—and other intimate details—on the sidewalk of a UBC


A bikini advertisement from a magazine in 1970. mall stands out in my memory. It was obviously written by a female to her male friend in the hopes he would see it as he passed by, rushing between classes. She used his nickname. It was very sexual and romantic. The words I do not remember, but the feelings stuck with me all those years. There was definitely envy on my part. In any case, relationships could pull you up or down academically. In my own experience it raised my confidence and helped me discipline myself in my studies. A good partner makes the pair better than either individual. Now, you ask, what does academic achievement have to do with a young person’s sexuality? I’d say a great deal since it is on your mind a good part of the day ... Better to find a regular and supportive release than wasting time hanging out in student watering holes drinking instead of studying. There is nothing like a little bit of entertainment after a full day of classes, studying and writing those term papers. I can say that from personal experience it was just plain fun and made life worth living. Though do keep in mind that the number of sexual relationships in my lifetime can be counted with two fingers. I was not a big player. Here’s some advice, to university students from a Baby Boomer: On keeping your damn mouth shut No truer words were said then “the guys who can keep their mouth shut will get more.” No one likes to have their personal lives broadcast to others so be discrete. It is all about being considerate. A considerate lover is always desired. Show your affection: no one wants someone who is syrupy in public; however small gifts are never refused. Location Location Location Everyone has memorable spots and older people like myself still have the memories of those places and times. Everyone has those moments, like being heavily intoxicated in the back seat of my brotherin-law’s car, and being abandoned in disgust in the carport with the delight of my life. Hey, we were drunk and in love. As my mother used to say, “be good and if you can’t be good don’t get caught.” Doing the deed in risky places can be exciting, but

be discrete. To even quickly have a feel while in public when everyone’s eyes are on other things gives a thrill. Just don’t become intimate while passing a big rig on the highway. Truck drivers can tell endless stories about these situations. I have seen white-haired couples in the Abbotsford area holding hands. Yes, I even saw some elderly lady grab her partner’s ass right as they were walking into a White Spot. It was fast and subtle but the message was unmistakeable. I am sure that most of the people around never noticed it. On clothing One must remember that the most important sexual organ you have is your brain. Nothing stimulates like the imagination. Everyone has their own preferences. Flashback to a summer session of English third year. Keep in mind summer sessions are smaller classes, generally older people, usually informal. For some reason the prim lady prof was concerned about how the girls dressed on campus. She viewed women walking around in “coveralls” (her word) as not very attractive. Of course by this time I was finishing off my degree and I just needed this credit. I don’t need a high mark so I put up my hand and pointed out that this style of dress was in fact attractive. When she asked me to explain all I could say is that a zipper down the front was “fast gear.” She had never thought about it that way, and decided we were entering no man’s land. End of discussion. I wonder just what would be the difference now if females continued to wear stockings, garter belts, girdles and related underclothing. Panty hose eliminated most of that,;however removing pantyhose had its own brain stimulation. By the 1970s no one wore girdles and gear except old matrons. Of course the mini-skirt created all kinds of distractions with office managers and school principals running around with rulers measuring the distance above the knee. The point is that clothes do things to the male mind, remember that and I am sure there are types of clothing that stimulate the female mind. It is not the lack of clothing that will necessarily create the greatest effect. So much for the thoughts of a Baby Boomer. I hope you enjoyed.



Mini Album Reviews



Taylor Swift Red

Taylor Swift Red

Taylor Swift Red

Taylor Swift Red

Taylor Swift began her career as one in a long list of wide-eyed, countryoriented pop projects. It’s easy to file away these teenage sensations when they proclaim their heartbreak to the world instead of scribbling in their diaries, because to most of the adult world, the tears on their guitars act seem frivolous and immature. But in many ways, Red is Taylor Swift’s first adult pop record. Where her self-titled debut and sophomore release Fearless was the works of a uniquely-gifted teenage singer with a knack for confessional songwriting and soaring melodies, parts of “Speak Now” felt like a boring game of “name that celebrity breakup.” Her music, while improving slightly, was filled with passive-aggressive lyrics better suited for a note passed in secondary school rather than on a Billboard-topping album. Fans of gossip will undoubtedly have an entertaining time trying to crack the code of which heartbreaking ex-boyfriend goes with which track on Red, but this time Swift is playing that information closer to the chest. She’s becoming even more unforgiving of the long trail of ex-boyfriends she’s left behind, with each album taking a different musical step outwards, perhaps more so than any other country music today. However, Red is sometimes unfocused and falters in a few places. Her duet “The Last Time” with Snow Patrol’s Gary Lightbody lacks chemistry, and “22” sounds like a immature, deliberately bland Ke$ha rip-off. Whatever you think of her emotional baggage and boy-crazy sensibilities—and many marvel at their simplicity and sincerity—it’s apparent after listening to her give everything she’s got on Red’s closer “Begin Again” that she’s a strong singer who shows potential that one day she could be a strong lyricist too. If she can patch up her songwriting as much as she’s improved her voice over the past six years, that won’t be the case much longer. Nevertheless, the progression of Swift’s journey into the world of adult pop begins with Red.

Red is Taylor Swift’s fourth studio album and her most diverse by far. Swift’s album is similar to her other albums with a plethora of break-up songs with a few love songs mixed in. She really uses this album to test the boundaries of her music. Swift’s first single from the album “We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together” broke records for Swift and became the song of the summer. In the song “I Knew You Were Trouble” the chorus shows a different side of Swift as she tries her hand at dub-step. She does two collaborations on the album: “Everything Has Changed” with Ed Sheeran and “The Last Time” with Gary Lightbody of Snow Patrol. “Everything Has Changed” is by far the better of the two, Swift and Sheeran’s voices blend together perfectly, whereas Lightbody’s voice and tone clash with Swift’s. “Starlight” is based on Ethel and Bobby Kennedy relationship, which is evidenced in the lyrics “I met Bobby on the boardwalk, summer of ’45.” Swift is known to have a slight obsession with the history of the Kennedy family, so writing about them only seems fitting. Some stands out tracks on the album are “Stay Stay Stay,” “22” and “All Too Well.” “Stay Stay Stay” is particularly interesting because of its light, catchy melody and Swift’s adorable and slightly comical lyrics. “22” is a catchy feel-good song that will be stuck in your head for weeks and is sure to be a number one hit. “All Too Well” allows Swift to show a vulnerable side, with lyrics such as “and I might be okay, but I’m not fine at all” and “so casually cruel in the name of being honest.” This album shows a lot of growth from Swift and leaves little room for disappointment.

Taylor Swift has left the country for the city. Sleepy ballads like “I Almost Do” resemble her earlier work, and there are hints at her lineage in the way she drawls out the word “hipster” on “22” and in Red’s minor, token flourishes. Yet Swift has taken a decisive step towards the popular canon in a move that mirrors Springsteen’s Born In the USA in intent and reception, if not quality. Swift has always been radiofriendly and inoffensive, but her latest record has even more crossover appeal embedded in its 16 tracks. On superlative top 40 digests “22” and “I Knew You Were Trouble,” Swift pushes her well-established creative identity to its limits. Elsewhere, the propulsive “Holy Ground” and “Starlight” embody a more natural progression that is just as thrilling. As is her trademark, Taylor Swift’s song writing focuses on what seems to be a disproportionate amount of earth-shattering relationships which nearly always end up shit. Her consistent vulnerability and eye for telling detail has worked well before, drawing listeners into her teenage world with a charm and ease that made her romantic misadventures almost universally relatable. But Swift’s graduation from confessional, adolescent musings is a difficult one, mired in the sort of awkward and inconsistent catalogue of similes that open the title track. Red strives to be a big album, both in length and anthemic scope, established by the lead off track, the U2-esque “State of Grace.” Yet the album fails to fly the way it should. It’s bloated, stifled by tracks perhaps born of a fear of alienating early fans who might not like Swift’s new direction, songs that lack the urgency and vitality of the rest of the album. Red clocks in at 60 drawn-out minutes when it should be a no-filler 42. With some trimming, especially two forgettable late album duets, this could be a great 11 or 12-track pop record instead of what plays like a singles/outtakes anthology. Hopefully Red is a transitional album, a tentative first step away from her early work toward something more kinetic and compelling.

Past crystallized, futures eulogized, charting the stages (and the stages within the stages) of love, Taylor Swift is both impervious, closed off to voices of contradiction, and permeable, endlessly open to them through story (re) construction. “State of Grace,” Red’s opener, is a current translation of everything Swift is about – “busy lives, changing minds,” opening up the staid momentum of previous albums to added sounds and reverberations, and capturing perhaps the picture through which Red can best be viewed. So much of the tabloid image has subsumed whatever there might be worth talking about with Swift, but here there’s an image of crisscrossed people, the universal “we” before the more frequent “you” address, a picture of every person falling in love and worth at least a glimpse, which from Swift’s perspective always means stories flowing out ceaselessly, packing emotion encapsulations in five minutes and hundreds of words and an alwaysgrowing archive of turns of phrase turned song. Identification and reinterpretation, rather than celebrity worship – every Swift song should seem to run the gamut of put-on agony or glorious energy depending on personal state. In the shape of an album, the way love at a shy distance (“I Almost Do”) follows from the very essence of unattachment (“22”) or hate as joy (“We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together”) becomes cheerful pleading (“Stay Stay Stay”) appears as a kind of disingenuousness. But Red or Swift or anything as defined by a single action, personal headline, or moment is ultimately a useless and irrelevant view. These are not stories, self-contained, begin and end and figure it out, but a cumulative colossal monument to everyone as plethoras of gradations of emotion, and ultimately worth acting on. Without that, there is nothing, as the renewal of “Begin Again,” or the awestruck twists and turns of “Holy Ground” go.

Alpaca is awesome because it’s much more plentiful than qiviut. More plentiful, of course, equals cheaper! It has the same benefits of qiviut, but to a lesser degree. It’s a hollow fibre, so it’s still super warm. Depending on the breed of alpaca the fibre has been harvested from, it can have a slight halo to it – that’s the fuzzy stuff that kind of floats above the bulk of the fabric. This won’t add to the warmth factor, but makes it kind of fuzzy and more fun to pet. Cashmere, mohair and angora are all other animal fibres (from a goat, goat, and bunny respectively) that offer the same benefits to a lesser degree than alpaca. They’re also fuzzier. One fibre that I’ve been seeing a lot on the market lately is merino wool. It sounds great, and retailers hype it as being

the softest, best thing since sliced golden diamond-studded bread – but it’s really not. It’s a lesser grade of wool that comes from a fairly ubiquitous sheep, and though it tends to feel softer than the itchy kind of wool, it’s not as warm and definitely does not have the great water-wicking properties that typical wool has. Because of this, it won’t be nearly as warm as wool or the other fibres mentioned here. So there’s knitwear in a nutshell. Alpaca is your friend, splurge on qiviut if you can, and don’t get sucked into the merino wool vortex. Keep your eyes out for these fibres when shopping for accessories to keep you warm, and 100 per cent versions are always best.


Haute Stuff KAREN ANEY


Not that I need to tell you this, but it’s getting cold. In fact, I’m likely trying to warm my frigid blue fingers with the heat emanating from my dilapidated laptop as you read this. In light of that, here’s a little bit of education for you about fibres – and by extension, fabrics. We’ll focus on knitwear today; this is scarves, hats, mittens and such, but also sweaters and cardigans and even jackets. I know it’s one more thing to cram into your brain, but it’s good to keep in mind when shopping for winter clothing! The warmest fibres are going to come from animals. This is because animal fibres are meant to keep animals warm in all sorts of


Fun with fibres

conditions. More scientifically, it’s because these fibres are, for the most part, hollow. Just like our human strands of hair, each strand of fur or hair has a hollow centre. This means that it’s light, but still traps air before it gets to your skin. That’s a good thing. Air is cold. Cold is the devil. For the animal-conscious among you, don’t let this freak you out too much. Unlike leather, having fur from animals is actually good for them. If their fur isn’t trimmed regularly or shorn off, it can mat and cause the animals great discomfort. It can even lead to infection and death. So, this winter . . . save a bunny, wear an alpaca scarf. Right. Within the animal fibre family, there’s going to be varying degrees of warmth. The warmest of

all, pretty indisputably, is called qiviut. That’s the Inuit word for the wool of a muskox. Aside from being warm, the fibre is great as it does not shrink in water. It’s also obscenely soft. Yes, obscenely. The only drawback to qiviut is the price: the cheapest I’ve ever seen a scarf for that was pure qiviut was just over $200. Not exactly studentbudget friendly. It’s possible to find wool (or other fibre) blends, but that will cut down on all the benefits qiviut offers. A great alternative option is alpaca. This fibre is harvested from—wait for it—an alpaca. For those of you who don’t spend their time watching the Discovery channel, alpaca are animals that look kind of like llamas or camels except furrier, and they’re native to Peru and the surrounding regions.





Dine & Dash Lamplighter Gallery Café 9213 Glover Road Fort Langley, BC 604-888-6464 Hours: Open daily 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. except Mondays Price: Lunch up to $12.95, dinner up to $24.95



Did you ever have that grandmother whose house would envelope you in a hug as you sipped on some soup and nibbled on a sandwich she threw together at the drop of a hat? Even if you didn’t, you may have had friends whose grandmothers you adopted or family friends who offered the same sentimental surroundings. If ever you long for the days when you got to sit on furniture that didn’t quite match or be surrounded by so many random frames of faces you’ve never seen or places that have changed you wouldn’t know where to look, then take a trip to the Lamplighter Gallery Café in Fort Langley. This quaint little restaurant overlooks the main road and echoes so well that feeling of grandmother’s house that I was almost tempted to look for a bowl of Werther’s. I wasn’t quite sure when I first

Lamplighter Gallery Café in Fort Langley offers nostalgic home-cooking.

walked in because one of the first questions the hostess asked was if I had a reservation. It was Sunday at 1 p.m. I hardly thought this place would be hopping enough to require a call ahead and the collection of empty tables made me wonder why she was being so hesitant, but all was well and I was promptly seated. Despite the fact that the cushioned wood chair was too high for the lower table and my thighs had difficulty finding room, it was just the right amount

of quaint to justify it. The front door opens in between two store-front rooms with windows that span the sidewalk. The tables and chairs look like a wooden collection from years of antiquing. Little glass oil lamps adorn each table and stained glass windows show the character of the building. The Lamplighter has both lunch and dinner menus – lunch includes soups, sandwiches and hot entrées; dinner has a variety of entrées and

Image:Amy Van Veen

appetizers as well as an option for one of each at $24.95. Despite the variety of sandwiches named after different locales in BC, the specials board was what caught my lunch-starved attention. After all, how could I resist French toast with bacon, poached apples and a side of bacon? No one can turn down bacon. My friend ordered the soup of the day – split pea and ham sided with a baguette. The food, which was quick to


arrive, was placed adorably on mismatched chinaware and doilylined baskets. The French toast was thick, fluffy and all kinds of delicious, just like a grandmother would make them. My friend’s split pea and ham soup even caught my attention. I, for one, am not a fan of traditional split-pea soup. The off-green colour and questionable texture reminds me more of something one would want to get rid of rather than ingest, but the smooth, squash-coloured soup in the china bowl across the table from me looked delicious. I was greeted with a variety of vegetable flavours in that one spoonful she offered me. It was complemented by the split pea and ham instead of bombarded with the baby food flavour. Lamplighter offers comfort food classics with a slight variation so it’s not quite something you would make at home, and yet it’s exactly what you need. If the homey quality of their lunches is any indication, though, I will definitely have to return to try their dinner menu, especially with such tempting options as prosciutto-wrapped Fraser Valley pork tenderloin and sevenhour lamb shank.

Write a novel in a month? Why not! SASHA MOEDT


There really are too many reasons to count. The website for National Novel Writing Month (NaNoWriMo) is overly optimistic: “Thirty days and nights of literary abandon!” But that’s what you need to take on this monumental task – no fear. NaNoWriMo has one goal for participants: to complete 50,000 words (approx 175 pages) by

11:59:59 p.m. on November 30. The NaNoWriMo website claims they had 256,618 participants last year. 36,843 succeeded. That’s a 14 per cent success rate. Promising? No. It began in 1999, with 21 people getting together and experimenting with the novel-in-a-month idea. The next year, the group put up a website for the event. It catapulted into a great success. Why? Perhaps the same reason magazines seem to require a “flatter

Dessa Bayrock Working title: The State of Giraffes in Absolute Darkness

Meet the writers

Confidence to finish 50,000 words in one month: 84 per cent NaNoWriMo username: DessaYo The story I’ll be working on is one I’ve had on the back-burner for a while. I have approximately 8,000 words invested in it so far, and the plan is to add another 50,000 to it by the end of November. The working title is The State of Giraffes in Absolute Darkness, and it deals with a couple of fast-food workers, a murder, parallel universes, eggs Benedict and a giraffe. I think I’ll probably cut out the part where they go to the Finnish underworld, but who knows. Anything can happen in a month. Best case scenario, I take the time out of my morning Reddit ritual. Worst case scenario, I stop sleeping. So here we are, right here, right now, putting pedal to the metal.


stomach in 10 minutes” or “great abs: 15 minutes a day” headlines. We humans want it fast and easy. But it must be acknowledged that NaNoWriMo lacks the easy aspect. 50,000 words in 30 days equals about 1666 words a day. And those words have to be part of a plot. Perhaps this is part of the appeal. It’s reckless. It’s glamorous. It’s “literary abandon” in its sexiest form.

Or perhaps it’s taking advantage of human folly; committing, choking on more than we can chew, feeling pride, and letting that pride force us to swallow. Because if we fail, everyone will know. And if we swallow, we’ll have a novel. On the website, users can sign up, talk to other writers on forums and scroll through the various advice given to the writers with poor decision-making skills (meaning anyone scrolling through the site).

They do have a list of published authors who participated. Taking a quick scroll down the surprisingly lengthy list—how the heck do they pump out half-decent content?— we’re seeing a lot of fantasy/harlequin/chick lit. Here’s one that’s notable: Water for the Elephants by Sara Gruen. We’ve signed up. Join us, and we’ll keep you updated throughout this month on how writing a novel in 30 days is going.

Karen Aney

Sasha Moedt

Anthony Biondi

Working title: Working titles are for suckers.

Working title: The Virgin

Working title: The Big Smoke

Confidence to finish 50,000 words in one month: 99 per cent NaNoWriMo username: KarenAney I’m a fly by the seat of my pants kind of gal. This means that I really don’t know what the heck I’m going to be writing yet. I do have a novel that I have started; it’s about halfway completed. My storyline is so complete that it almost feels like I’d be cheating if I used it for NaNoWriMo. I kind of want to use this challenge to do something completely different (my existing novel is dystopic and depressing), as sort of a palette-cleanser. It will be an extended exercise in indulgent humour. Think Captain Underpants with longer words and more sparkles. A complete foil for what I’ve been toiling away at. I have a few ideas, most of them directed at the middle grade to young adult (or particularly-awesome adult) reader. If I haven’t pinned one down by November first, I plan to do exercises that can later be incorporated into the story. It’ll totally work. And it’s going to rock.

Confidence to finish 50,000 words in one month: 77 per cent NaNoWriMo username: Smoot Why I’d want to write a piece of historical fiction, I don’t know. I heard somewhere that in the Medieval times, women would wash themselves with a concoction made of simmered myrtle leaves, nettle and nutmeg to restore their lost virginity. I’ll write something about the physical and mental meaning of virginity to women in that time period. Or something. It can be loosely historical. But that means research and stuff. Doesn’t matter. They say write what you know, but my mind won’t let me write something unless it’s something I am stuck on—I know that from experience—so I won’t be changing to something practical. Because I don’t know shit about the medieval period and the virginity thereof. 77 per cent is optimistic. Does 50,000 words seem like a lot to you? Seems like a lot to me.

Confidence to finish 50,000 words in one month: 80 per cent NaNoWriMo username: ABiondi Someone proposed the idea of joining NaNoWriMo to me. It didn’t take long before I had an account on the official site and was browsing the forums. All I can say is that I am excited, probably more so than I should be. But I had this novel just creeping around in the back of my head for a while now. A revision of the Halligan shorts I was writing in the Postcard Lit section of the paper last winter. Oh gods, historical fiction. I want to be confident that I will succeed. I even gave myself an 80 per cent chance! But let’s face it. I am going to be six feet under with pencil crammed so far up my brain they will think I was born with it. At least I will have something to show for it at the end though . . . I hope.




Film Review Fun Size MICHAEL SCOULAR


In deviation from contained, swift narratives of progression, television often stretches character tribulations into fractured, yet seemingly real time. The passage of years lends a fabricated credibility to the agonizingly slow, repetitive demonstration of the process of falling in love in Friends or How I Met Your Mother, or the same for Josh Schwartz, directing for the first time here, and his stories of young people in The O.C. and Chuck. Part of the appeal is in how individual quirks or flaws are given a running time all to their own, with a mini-resolution for each episode to not quite add up to a whole at season’s end. Rather than the dream of a film romance it is a corner of a fragment of reality, and these two conflicting approaches are found pieced together in Fun Size. After receiving invitation to the hottest guy in Cleveland’s house party despite claims she didn’t stand a chance at attracting his attention, Wren (Victoria Justice) has her night complicated with the escape of her candy-carrying little brother into a crowd of unknowns. For the teenagers of Fun Size, there is nothing more terrifying than the merging of public and private lives – through Facebook, broken social circles and on that most liminal of nights, Halloween. October 31 is supposed to be a clear separation – partying without true faces, action without repercussion, reward without effort, but, perhaps predictably, none of these prove to be

the case. Schwartz’s television impulses step in constantly, whether it’s the opening (establishing shot montage! character establishing voiceover!) or the end (“funny” outtakes from the wise-ass sidekick!). Using scope framing, but not really using it, Fun Size is indistinguishable from other direct, but inexpressive weekly efforts – the expected ladling out of Schwartz’s soundtrack selections from the past year only furthers this connection. Throwaway gags and exciting if-you’re-seeing-this-for-thefirst-time antics (and if you’ve seen American Graffiti, Sixteen Candles, or any other single night of teen vehicular freedom movie, you won’t be) dominate, but the centrepiece in any Schwartz-run fling, despite narrative checkpoints, is the emotion (or is it sentimentality?) at the core of his characters. What defines the humour in Fun Size is a kind of cheerful avoidance of anything too sincere. It begins in the way each of the teens present themselves – smart and funny, but not wanting to be too quick of thought, and knowledgeable about the past, but definitely not theirs. Cultural references in costume ideas turn from personal touchstones to weight deflected, robbing images of specificity and speech of salience: “This is really meaningful to me, but, uh, yeah, whatever.” Whenever the movie turns toward an occasional emotional stab, two things are certain: the growth of unwanted generic score and the deflation of tired “wit.” What Schwartz delights in is turning the grounded into the

slightly exaggerated: windblown entrances, the unuttered blurted out, overactive minds uninterrupted. Though this isn’t written by Schwartz, it’s easy to see his hand in the way a semi-grandiose plan is hatched or a nervous underachiever sees opportunity open. Thomas Mann’s “nice guy” Roosevelt is in many ways Schwartz’s typical protagonist (and Thomas Middleditch plays a similar role), with Chuck Bartowski being closest cousin (or future). In a movie populated too frequently by stereotypes and missing laughs, this is where Schwartz finds something to hold onto. Fun Size doesn’t add much of anything to the Halloween tradition, and in its (thankfully tangential) revisions adds only blasé understanding to the racism of Sixteen Candles and middle-America misanthropy of Sideways. But there is a flicker of what Schwartz brought to television, and why Fun Size, though not able to stand on its own, points to possible futures. For its theatrical screenings, Fun Size is preceded by an “exclusive premiere” of the music video for Carly Rae Jepsen’s “This Kiss,” and taken from that is the idea of digital skipping as trepidation, not wanting something to end but knowing it must. Schwartz’s own past creations could attest to whether it’s the build-up to a first kiss or a first brush with the role of director, in lieu of greatness, what’s most important is what comes after.

Cinema Politica screens anti-plastic film, draws local MLA to UFV NADINE MOEDT


An involved discussion Thursday night on the future of plastic in our society followed Cinema Politica’s second film night at UFV’s AfterMath. The Biology and Chemistry Student Association (BCSA) co-hosted the showing of Addicted to Plastic. Andrew Alexander, director of research/development and division liaison of the BCSA gave the audience an inside view on the chemistry of plastic. Local MLA John van Dongen was also present to give his take on the film. A local branch of Cinema Politica, a non-profit network bringing political films to communities and campuses across Canada, has partnered with SUS to bring these independent films to UFV. Addicted to Plastic is a documentary about plastic pollution. The documentary represents three years of filming in 12 countries on five continents, including two trips to the middle of the Pacific Ocean where plastic debris accumulates. A major concern noted in the film was the accumulation of plastic in the oceans; the UN estimates that there are 46,000 pieces of plastic debris per square kilometer of ocean. The film pointed out that while chemicals are in the ocean, they remain diluted, but as soon as they come in contact with plastic,

they are absorbed. As a result, the concentration of chemicals in the ocean’s plastic is 1,000,000 more than in the ocean water. The plastic then breaks into smaller pieces and is mistaken for food by the fish. Thus the toxins move up the food chain, quickly becoming a human health hazard. These plastic pieces never completely break down. Of this waste, 80 per cent originates from land. The film explored various solutions to the plastic conundrum; reusing, rather than simply recycling, was a big one. It was interesting to note that recycling isn’t quite as widespread as we’d like to think: only five per cent of plastics are recycled in the United States. Alexander of the BCSA took on the task of hosting the event in part to give science a face at UFV. “Being science students we tend to sort of stay in A and B Building,” Alexander quipped. “We’ve got our science centre in there, we come to D Building and think, what’s this?” Alexander finds the contrast between arts students and science students interesting. “Arts majors have such a different view on things,” he said. According to Alexander, science majors have an “analytical, scientific way of looking at things and then you get other views, sometimes the more human side of it, of individual impacts.”

A screenshot from Addicted to Plastic.

“This was a great opportunity to bring our knowledge and ideas into something that’s such a huge issue,” Alexander explained. After the discussion, I spoke briefly with van Dongen about the film. The film, he told me, was a real “eye opener.” “I found the film very impressive in terms of detail,” said van Dongen. “[The filmmakers] looked at not only the problem in terms of how much plastic we use but . . . [also] went into various different efforts to reuse the material.” Van Dongen has been representing Abbotsford voters since 1995. He has held a numerous other positions, including Solicitor General and Minister of Public Safety, Minister of State for Intergovernmental

Relations, and Minister of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries. Van Dongen considers himself a “grounded environmentalist.” His thoughts on a solution? Take matters into our own hands. “I think we all are looking for the government or someone else to do something for us, but I think part of the solution is to just do it ourselves, for ourselves.” “I do think of myself as an environmentalist, but I think it’s how you define it.” He wouldn’t call himself a “tree hugging type,” but van Dongen firmly believes in the agricultural land reserve, in expanding the transit system, in recycling and in having a “responsibly managed” renewable forest industry.

The next film, A Crude Awakening, will be shown mid-November, co-hosted by Students for Sustainability. The film addresses the question of what will happen when we run out of cheap oil. A heated debate on BC’s current pipeline issue will most certainly follow. Alexander’s opinion on the matter of the pipelines as a chemistry student is firm: “I think . . . we need to be moving away from using fossil fuels. While an oil spill is a horrific thing, it’s nothing compared to the potential [damage] that global warming has on the environment.” Alexander cites other scientists to support his position. “An influential climatologist in the U.S., Dr. Hanson, said that while Saudi Arabia has the oil stores that could push us up to this certain level, Canada has enough oil in its reserves to push us up over the tipping point. It’s not a good idea to be expanding those resources at this time.” Van Dongen is uncertain of his position on the issue. “I’m going to reserve judgment on that,” he said with a smile. “I want to hear both sides of the argument. I have some views on how they might be regulated that might surprise some people, but I’m going to save that for another day and another discussion.”




Skeletons, hero worship and Lance Armstrong’s tarnished legacy PAUL ESAU


The literary man and general pessimist Robert Penn Warren once said (through the mouth of Willie Stark) that “man is conceived in sin and born in corruption and he passeth from the stink of the didie to the stench of the shroud.” When you search the depths of a man’s character for evil, Warren decided, “there is always something.” Now Warren was speaking of pudgy Louisiana politicians, not the lean, yellow-jacketed figure we’ve come to know as Lance Armstrong, but the sentiment is universal. No one is innocent; everyone has a skeleton in the closet, and honour is a myth. In the last two weeks Armstrong has been stripped of seven Tour de France titles, implicated in the largest doping scandal in the history of cycling, and forced to step down from the board of his proudest accomplishment, the Livestrong foundation. The abrupt fall from grace is painful given Armstrong’s fairytale-like success and potent survival story, and many have been left wondering if truth is worth the stain his demise is leaving upon his athletic and charitable accomplishments. Armstrong is not the first to fall, and he will not be the last. His was a story too perfect, and it has succumbed to Stark’s “something” with terrible speed. Armstrong, like Tiger Woods before him, broke a trust which seemed almost sacred with the sporting community, and the consequences to his reputation, finances, records and future are clear. It is a strange quirk of our culture which compels us to allow so much influence to our sports heroes, men and women who are undoubtedly great, but only proven so on the smallest spectrum of human accomplishment. A great

Image: puliarf/Flickr commons

Lance Armstrong racing to the finish. cyclist is a great cyclist, but does that quality make him an acceptable role model? A great golfer may accumulate millions in winnings, but is golf a skill essential to the human experience? Armstrong undoubtedly has the monument of Livestrong as part of his legacy, but then again, what sporting celebrity of his prestige has not created or donated to a prominent charity? What was it about him, about his sport, which made us follow his career and his accomplishments with such interest?

And what is it now that makes us condemn him for succumbing to that pressure to be the best, at any means necessary? When coaches and spectators speak of the men and women who compete in the professional sporting world, they inevitably mention skill, but there is often a second component in the same breath. Sometimes it is called “presence,” sometimes “character” or “leadership,” but it speaks to their (and therefore our) expectation that these athletes—by virtue of the discipline instilled in them by

physical necessity—are something more than simply masters of a specific ball, bat, board or bike. Commercials by Nike or Adidas encourage this perception of them as ascetics achieving spiritual enlightenment through physical perfection, and often society accepts this. We buy their shoes, copy their hairstyles, or buy their charitable bracelets and when they fall we feel a deep, personal sense of betrayal. Lance Armstrong, for all the good his fame brought the fight against cancer, was only a man on

Talking shop with a 2012 All-Canadian Talk about your time at the Nationals. What did you think of your team’s performance playing against the best in the nation? Our time at Nationals was a great disappointment especially coming off a big comeback to win our league a week before. I’m not sure one guy on our team played a round of golf they were satisfied with while we were in Oshawa. Coming in ranked second in the country to finish eighth with no real chance after our hiccup on day one, sucked.


Aaron Pauls is a fourth-year student at UFV going for his degree in Kinesiology. Originally from Chilliwack and a graduate of Sardis Secondary school, Aaron has generated a new image for UFV’s varsity golf program. He led his team to the 2012 PACWEST Championship and was named an AllCanadian at the National Tournament in Oshawa, Ontario. You were named an All-Canadian Athlete for 2012 and the only one selected from UFV. How does it feel to receive this honour by the CCAA? Describe what it means to you. It means a lot to be named an All-Canadian Athlete; it means that I was one of the top performers in Canada through our regular season. Personally, it’s a great feat for me! Since my time here at UFV no other teammate of mine has won this award, so it’s special. You finished second in the individual scoring for the PACWEST division, which included

Image: UFV

Golf genius Aaron Pauls.

a win at the UFV Invitational, averaging a round of 72.9. What was the key to your success this season? Name a part of your game that made you stand out from the rest of the field. I was successful this season because of my mentality going into the season. Most guys can put together a good round, but being able to put together multiple good rounds takes patience. I was able to be patient even though sometimes it was a great struggle.

What are your thoughts on the overall season? I have an overall positive feeling on this season. Of course the way it ended at Nationals left a sour taste, but in the end we won a provincial title and hanging up a banner in the school gym is always a good feeling! Comment on your coach Chris Bertram. What do you think of his coaching style now that you’ve been playing for four years with him? How has he helped you develop your game? Chris is a great guy and he

knows when to take things seriously, but he also knows the importance of fun/celebration. That is something I admire about Chris because golf is a game where you’re not always going to have “it.” He understands that guys play hard for him and sometimes it’s just not going to go their way. Chris has helped me develop my game by teaching me the importance of proper practice and mental preparation. He does a lot of research on these topics and he’s able to share it with me and our team. Do you think you’ll be back for next season? What does your future in golf look like? I am most likely going to be back for another season. I am still working on my degree and would like to complete it before I move on in life. As far as my future in golf, I haven’t fully decided what my plans are down the road. I would like to play professional golf and see how I fare, but I’ll have to wait until the time comes and make my decision.

a bike. Hey may have struggled, he may have fought, he may have cheated, but he did not deserve the pedestal upon which we decided to elevate him. The measure of leadership, of character, has never been in skill alone, and it never will be. Our preoccupation as a culture with worshipping only the “best” in the sporting world often precludes the athletes who deserve our respect, who face their “corruption” head on and attempt to overcome it. As Armstrong himself once said, “it’s not about the bike.”


Last week’s scores Soccer Men

Oct. 26. UFV vs. Winnipeg W 5-0 Oct. 27. UFV vs. MRU W 8-0


Oct. 27. UFV vs. Victoria L 0-3

Basketball Men

Oct. 26. UFV vs. Lakehead W 88-70

Oct. 27. UFV vs. McMaster W 81-48


Oct. 25 UFV vs. Regina W 77-72

Oct. 26 UFV vs. Windsor L 56-82 Oct. 27 UFV vs. SK W 86-64

Upcoming Home Games No upcoming home games




Cascades beat Thunderwolves again in CIS Nationals rematch KYLE BALZER THE CASCADE

The Second Annual Honda Way Tournament took place at UFV this past weekend, which meant more pre-season action for Cascades men’s basketball – this time against four great teams. The fellow competitors consisted of the Langara College Falcons, the UNBC Timberwolves, and the McMaster University Marauders out of Hamilton, Ontario. The Lakehead University Thunderwolves of Thunder Bay, Ontario also came out to play, the team UFV defeated in the quarter-finals of the CIS National Championship last year. Friday night was the rematch of that game. The Cascades immediately took charge in the first quarter on the offensive side. Five-year veteran Kyle Grewal played aggressively inside the zone, scoring six points in nearly two minutes. “He [Kyle] played the game tonight like we wanted him to play. He’s grown into a number-one-option type of player and we’re hoping that he keeps it up in the regular season,” said rookie head coach Adam Friesen. After 10 minutes of play, UFV was leading Lakehead 24–11.

Kyle Grewal (shorn of his trademark locks) had 28 points on the night. In the second, the “green-men” played another excellent quarter taking their biggest lead of the game thus far (19 points). Sam Freeman, another five-year veteran of UFV, attacked the paint, causing Lakehead to foul and allowing UFV to get those allimportant free-throws. He would

finish the game with 14 points! After an attempted comeback by the Thunderwolves, the Cascades still had a 13-point lead at the half, 44–31. In the third quarter, the men showed no mercy to the Thunderwolves as they scored 13 points in a row to take the biggest lead of

Image: Tree Frog Imaging

the game by 29 points. Coach Friesen said, “The fact that we made a lot of good shots was not surprising at all. We’re not always going to shoot that well, but the way we passed the ball was the best part of our game tonight.” The other reason was because of the incredible defensive positioning of James

York, the other five-year veteran star, who got three steals. The fourth quarter sealed the deal for the Cascades, despite another attempted effort by the Lakehead Thunderwolves, and in the end, they won the CIS rematch with a final score of 88–70. Player of the game was Kyle Grewal, who scored 28 points all together. Although the boys proved that they can play aggressively, Coach Friesen believes that the mentality of the team still needs to get better in order to be fully prepared for the 2012–2013 Canada West Season. “Tonight’s game showed that we have the talent to compete with the best this year. We’re going to have a lot of challenges that are going to be mental and as a group, that’s going to be our biggest learning curve.” The men’s basketball team looks promising this year in the hands of its confident coaching staff and stellar players. They kick-off their season on November 2 and 3 in Calgary as they take on the newest Canada West Conference team, the Mount Royal University Cougars. Students can catch them at their home opener on November 9 and 10 when they play the University of Victoria Vikes.

Does this look like a tailgate party to you?

The pre-game festivities got moved inside last Friday due to rain and cold weather.

Hawkey the Heat mascot attempts some cross-sport training.

Image: Blake McGuire

Basketball fans gathered in the gym pre-game, hoping to win a car.

Junelle Mah from Baker House talks to residents and SUS directors.

Image: Blake McGuire

Image: Blake McGuire




Interview with (what should have been) an NHL rookie: Jordan Martinook TAYLOR JOHNSON THE CASCADE

Starting out in small town Saskatchewan, Jordan Martinook quickly developed a love for hockey. His talent and determination took him from Alberta home town teams, Leduc Oil Kings and Drayton Valley Thunder into the WHL. After two years with the Vancouver Giants and an impressive 40 goal and 24 assists in his 20112012 season. Martinook at age 20, was selected 58th overall to the Phoenix Coyotes in the 2012 draft and signed a three-year contract with the team. When and where did you start playing hockey? I started playing when I was four years old in Estevan, Saskatchewan. First season I hated it, would not even skate I just sat on the ice and played with the snow. Then the next year I just took off. How often did you play? Did you like it? When I was younger [I] probably only played twice a week. Then as you get older there is more practices and games so as I have gotten older [I’ve played] just more and more days of the week and now it’s every day of the week. Growing up if you weren’t playing hockey, what were you doing? I would probably be doing something hockey related. Street hockey, playing video games, or chasing girls – that’s supposed to be a joke Who is your idol? Why? My idol from a hockey perspective would probably be Brooks Laich who plays for the Washington Capitals. He just plays the game I want to play and he has

worked his way up to the NHL which is something I am going to have to do. Best advice you were ever given and want to pass on to someone else? Always work hard, train hard, and don’t take a second off because there is always someone trying to take your job. Favourite team you played for? Most intense game you have ever played? Why does it stand out, and who were you playing for/ against? Vancouver Giants. Favourite game I have played in would have to be last year’s Gordie Howe night game. I got a Gordie Howe hat trick against Kamloops when he was in the building. [That is] something really special that I won’t forget. Have you always wanted to play professional hockey? If yes, who did you want to play for and why? If no, what did you want to do instead and why? Yes I have always wanted to play professionally. And to be honest it didn’t matter which team to me as long as I made it. And right now I’m pretty close. Best memory with the Giants and was it hard to leave the team? Just being a part of such a great organization the way they treated me and helped me develop as a hockey player means so much to me. Yes it was hard to leave, but knowing that I was moving on to a better league with better players was nice. How did you find out you were being drafted to play with the Coyotes (was it a phone call,

Martinook durings his days with the Vancouver Giants last season before his signing. someone came up and told you at a game, what happened). What was the first thing that came to mind? I was watching the NHL draft on TV and then my agent called me and asked me if I had seen who picked me and I hadn’t yet so then it came up on the TV and I was almost in shock. Then the general manager and assistant general manager called me and talked to me. How has the lock out affected your contract? How has it affected other players? It has affected me personally by not being able to go to my first NHL camp to have a shot at trying to make the team, and obviously as you and I see, it is affecting not just every player in my situation but full-time NHLers and the

owners and most of all the fans. The day before a game you... What superstitions do you have before a game or after a game? Ah I don’t really have any superstitions I just like to eat pasta and kind of just go along in the same routine I usually do. Maybe get a half-hour nap in or something. Worst injuries you’ve had/ seen, what happened? I haven’t really had a major injury. This year I had a hairline fracture on my ankle and that’s been the most if it. I have seen some pretty bad concussions which is always scary. Something you are looking forward to this next year and why?

Image: WHL

I’m just excited to be playing professionally, and be living on my own, and having new experiences with my career. In five years where do you want to be and what do you want to be doing? In five years I hope to be playing in the NHL or professionally somewhere. Hopefully be onto my second contract and be settling down in my life with a wife and kids if that were to happen. What’s something really exciting that has happened to you lately? I have been involved in an earthquake and hurricane all within two weeks of each other out here on the East Coast which is pretty wild.

Horak leads the Heat to second place in the AHL after three-game weekend


The Abbotsford Heat are now tied for second place in the AHL after a marathon-like weekend that saw them play three road games in less than 48 hours. This weekend marked the first road trip for the Heat this season where they played twice in Cleveland against the Lake Erie Monsters (affiliate of the Colorado Avalanche) and once against the Hamilton Bulldogs (affiliate of the Montreal Canadiens). The Heat, however, had a rather terrestrial set of games collecting three of a possible six points – an understandable outcome given the mental and physical strain for playing back-to-back-to-back games. Czech-native Roman Horak continues to prove why the nickname “Roman Scorak” is deserved given his astounding offensive production so far this season. Horak currently leads the AHL in goal scoring with seven goals in seven games. He has also maintained a

point streak through those seven games as well. On Friday evening, the Heat were able to pull off a thrilling 5–3 win against the Monsters. Horak collected two goals in the game, including the game winner, and first star honours. Rookie Brett Olson, who played four seasons with the Michigan Tech Huskies, had a breakout game getting a goal and two assists. Olson has looked particularly impressive lately, showing why he was the captain of his university club, and was able to make the Heat roster after a strong showing at training camp on a tryout basis. Carter Bancks did what Carter Bancks usually does: blocked shots and got under the skin of the opponent; he also managed to get a short-handed tally for his team. The following night, on Saturday, the Heat were unable to maintain their lead going into the third period, losing to Lake Erie in a shootout. Leland Irving, having not played a game since the middle of April last season, was given the nod by head coach Troy Ward.

However, Irving was not able to get the win despite a solid performance in the shootout. Monsters forward Mike Sgarbossa capped off a rather successful weekend, getting the gametying goal against the Heat and scoring the game-winning shootout goal for his team. While Horak was unable to extend his goal-scoring streak on Saturday night, he was able to pick up an assist on a goal from Heat All-Star Krys Kolanos. Swiss rookie and first-round pick Sven Baertschi continued a phenomenal start to the season getting two assists in the game. Baertschi now has eight points in seven games. Smooth skating offensive blueliner TJ Brodie is also having a terrific start to the season. After playing 54 games for the Calgary Flames last season, Brodie continues to put up a point-per-game pace with six points in as many games. Brodie’s game is more effective than the scorecard indicates, however. Brodie’s cool-as-acucumber style of play has earned him more than 20-minutes of play per night, which speaks to his ability to play in every conceivable situation the team requires. On Sunday afternoon, the Heat finished their last game of the

Roman Horak at the face-off. three game road trip with a 2–1 loss to the Hamilton Bulldogs. Coming into Sunday, the Heat were the only team in the AHL that had yet to lose a game a regulation. The only goal of the game for the Heat came from Roman Horak to get his seventh of the season. Despite numerous scoring chances and a work ethic that wasn’t indicative of a team playing their third game in less than 48

Image: Clint Trahan/Abbotsford Heat Media

hours, the Heat ultimately lost due to a very good game by Bulldogs’ netminder Robert Mayer. The Heat will have little rest before their next set of games, which take place on Thursday and Friday night at the AESC against the Toronto Marlies – their fourth and fifth games in eight days. The Heat will likely be seeking revenge on the Marlies who ousted them in game five of the second round of the playoffs last spring.






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The Cascade Vol. 20 No. 28  

The Cascade is the University of the Fraser Valley's autonomous student newspaper, and has been since 1993.