Page 1

PREFACE Beijing, with its ancient past, dynamic present and exciting future, has the honour to present its second bid to host the Olympic Games. The city and its people are inspired by the Olympic spirit, confident of their ability to accept the responsibility for this great event and determined to commit their energy, passion and resources to the task. “New Beijing, Great Olympics” is our motto. “Green Olympics,High-tech Olympics and People’s Olympics” are our themes. Our message is that a fast-growing and vigorous Beijing is now poised to speed up its modernisation and integration into the international community, to make new friends, and to expand the scope of its co-operation with other countries. The new century will see the values of the Olympic Movement spread more extensively and innovatively, especially in China, the biggest developing country in the world today. The Beijing Olympic Games will set an example for how the Olympic Agenda for the 21st Century can be implemented. The Games will give full play to human talents, ambition and achievement, enhance cultural exchanges and harmony between peoples, strengthen awareness of the environment, and promote cooperation in the application and development of new technologies. The Chinese people love sports. A large proportion of the 1.25 billion people of China participate in sports activities. Chinese athletes have a proud record of Olympic effort and achievement and competed with honour and distinction at Sydney in 2000. Celebrating the Games in Beijing in 2008 will afford a unique opportunity to inspire and educate a new generation of Chinese youth with Olympic values, and to promote the Olympic spirit and the cause of sport in China and the developing world.

Volume I Volume I-PREFACE

3


Beijing is a city on the move. Its dynamic growth reflects that of China as a whole. Its economy is characterised by impressive growth rates, the rapid development and application of leading edge technologies, such as IT, a strong emphasis on education and training the younger generation, and support for open markets signaled by forthcoming membership of the WTO. Beijing and China recognise that a far-reaching, creative and comprehensive response to challenges posed by the environment is an essential yardstick of progress for a modern society at the beginning of the 21st century. The Beijing 2008 Olympic Games will symbolise and spur on the city’s commitment to technological advancement and environmental protection for the future benefit of the Chinese people. It is over 3,000 years since Beijing was first founded, and over 800 years since it became the capital of China. The age-old history of Beijing has endowed the city with very rich cultural heritage. Contemporary Beijing is culturally creative and innovative, and embracing of other cultures and traditions. The Olympic Games in Beijing will be a bridge of harmony between cultures and embody the Olympism’s unique integration of sport and culture. Beijing’s second bid again has the full support of the Chinese Government and the Beijing Municipal Government and is enthusiastically backed by Chinese people everywhere. The commitment, capability and confidence of the people of China and Beijing will deliver to the world’s athletes and people a truly memorable Olympic Games in 2008.

Volume I Volume I-PREFACE

5


LETTER OF SUPPORT BY PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN Beijing, 21 November 2000 RespectedPresidentJuanAntonioSamaranch, Respected Members of the IOC, Withmuchenthusiasm,IsolemnlyconveytoyoumyfullsupportforBeijing’sbidtohost the Games of the XXIX Olympiad in 2008. ItwillbeofextremelygreatsignificancetopromotingandcarryingforwardtheOlympic spiritinChinaandacrosstheworldandtofacilitatingtheculturalexchangesandconvergence between East and West if the Games of the XXIX Olympiad are held in China, a rapidlydevelopingcountrywithalong-standingcivilisationand22percentoftheworld’s population.TheChinesepeoplearereadytocontributetothecauseofpeace,friendship and progress of mankind and to the development of the Olympic Movement by hosting the XXIX Olympic Games. I sincerely hope that Beijing will be selected by the IOC as the Host City of the XXIX OlympicGames. TheChinesepeoplehaveapeace-lovingandhospitabletradition. You and all members of the Olympic Family under your leadership will be warmly welcomed by our whole nation for the occasion. I am convinced that with the support of the Chinese Government and all the Chinese people, Beijing will work very hard and will surely make the XXIX Olympic Games an extraordinary success.

JiangZemin PresidentofthePeople’sRepublicofChina

Volume I

7


LETTER FROM LIU QI, MAYOR OF BEIJING Beijing, China December 12 , 2000 Mr. Juan Antonio Samaranch President, International Olympic Committee Dear Mr. President, Dear Members of the IOC, As Mayor of Beijing, I would like to assure you of the aspiration of the Beijing Municipal Government and the city’s 12.5 million people to host the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing. As you all know, Beijing, the political, cultural and international activities center of China, is a city of over 3,000 years of history, and of over 800 years as China’s capital. At the same time, it is also a booming modern metropolis. With “New Beijing, Great Olympics” as our promise to you and the Olympic Movement, I hereby solemnly pledge that, if Beijing has the honour of being awarded the Host City for the 2008 Olympic Games, we will provide the Olympic Family with world-class transport, high-tech services and a clean and beautiful environment. Beijing will have brand new and exciting venues for a wonderful Olympic celebration. The athletes and people all over the world will be able to see the brilliance of the Chinese civilization and harmonious convergence of the cultures of East and West. The Beijing Municipal Government, supported by the Chinese Government and all the Chinese people, is confident that Beijing is able to host the 2008 Olympic Games successfully, so as to have the noble ideals of Pierre de Coubertin even more widespread and the Olympic Movement entering a new historical stage, which will contribute to the world peace and human friendship.

Yours sincerely,

Liu Qi Mayor of Beijing

Volume I

11


LETTER FROM YUAN WEIMIN, PRESIDENT OF COC Beijing, China December 12, 2000 Mr. Juan Antonio Samaranch President, International Olympic Committee Dear Mr. President, Dear Members of the IOC, As President of the Chinese Olympic Committee, I would like to express my earnest hope that the Games of the XXIX Olympiad in 2008 will be held in Beijing. Also, as Minister in charge of the State Sport General Administration, I would like to convey to you the hope of all the athletes and sports personnel in China that you, all the IOC members and the world’s finest athletes will come to Beijing in 2008 to share with us the celebration of the Games of XXIX Olympiad. Hosting the Olympic Games has been the common aspiration of the Chinese Olympic Committee and several generations of sports personnel in China. We will take great pride in hosting the Games of the XXIX Olympiad in Beijing. After discussions at its plenary session, the Chinese Olympic Committee decided to recommend Beijing as the candidature and host city for the 2008 Olympic Games. We sincerely believe that both the leaders and the residents of the city cherish noble feelings for the Olympic ideal and have great enthusiasm and a strong sense of duty towards the hosting of the Olympic Games. With the full support of the Chinese Government and all the Chinese people, they will surely be able to create the best environment and conditions for the Games and turn it into a wonder of Olympic history.

Yours sincerely,

Yuan Weimin President Chinese Olympic Committee Minister State Sport General Administration

Volume I

13


LETTER OF SUPPORT BY PREMIER ZHU RONGJI

Beijing, 30 November 2000

RespectedPresidentJuanAntonioSamaranch, Respected Members of the IOC,

TheChineseGovernmentgivesall-outsupporttoBeijing’sbidtohosttheGamesofthe XXIX Olympiad in 2008.

I am confident that with the support of the Chinese Government and all the Chinese people,Beijingwillbeabletoorganizethe2008OlympicGamessuccessfully.

During the Olympic Games, the Chinese Government and all its relevant departments will respect the rules and by-laws of the Olympic Charter and the regulations of the InternationalFederationsrelatedtotheOlympicGames.Iampersonallyreadytoensure theimplementationoftherulesandregulations.

ChinaandthecityofBeijingenthusiasticallylookforwardtothehostingofthe2008 OlympicGamesinBeijing.

Zhu Rongji PremieroftheStateCouncilof ThePeople’sRepublicofChina

Volume I

9




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China is situated in East Asia, bordered on its east by the Pacific Ocean. The total area of the country is 9.6 million square kilometers, and the population is 1.25 billion. China is a country with an ancient civilization and a recorded history of over 4,000 years. The largest developing country in the world, China enjoys social stability, and a steadily developing economy. 56 ethnic nationalities live in China, all enjoying equal rights guaranteed by the Constitution and the legal system. Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China. It has a total area of 16,800 square kilometers, within which the urban area accounts for 1,041 square kilometers. With a population of 12.5 million, Beijing is the political, cultural and foreign-relations centre of the country. In the past 10 years, Beijing’s economy has enjoyed rapid development. In a 1999 comprehensive national evaluation of social development, Beijing’s index of social development ranked first in the country. The Chinese Government and people fully support Beijing’s bid to host the 2008 Olympic Games.

Volume I-Theme 1

19


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N a tN i oant iaol n, a lR, e gRieogni ao ln, a l a na dn d CC a na nd di di da at te e CCi ittyy CChhaarr aa cc tt ee rr ii ss tt iiccss 1.1PoliticalInstitution China’s political institutional system takes the form of the People’s Congress system, the system of multiparty cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the ethnic regional autonomy system. The highest state power in China resides with the National People’s Congress (NPC), which is popularly elected. The NPC carries out the following functions: amending the Constitution; making and amending basic laws of the state; electing, appointing, and dismissing state leaders; establishing executive, judicial, and law enforcement bodies of the state; and deciding on major national issues including economic and social development plans, the state budget, and the formation of special administrative regions. The highest executive power in China resides with the State Council, which is the day-to-day national Government led by the Premier. The State Council’s main functions are as follows: making administrative regulations; issuing decisions and orders in accordance with the Constitution and laws; coordinating the work of administrative departments at both national and local levels; formulating and implementing plans on national economic and social development and the state budget; running the economy, urban and rural development, education, science and technology, culture, sports, civil affairs, policing and the day-to-day business of the Government. Administratively, China is structured as follows: • The country is composed of provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and Special Administrative Regions under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. • Provinces and autonomous regions are divided into autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties, and cities. • Counties and autonomous counties are divided into townships, nationality townships, and towns. Beijing Municipality has three levels of administration: city, districts and counties, and townships. Beijing currently has 18 districts and counties. The Beijing Municipal People’s Congress is a state power at the local level, which is popularly elected. It exercises the following powers: deciding on the plan of economic construction and social development for Beijing; electing, appointing and removing from office leaders of municipal administrative, judicial, and law enforcement bodies. The Congress and its Standing Committee can formulate and promulgate local laws within the framework of the Constitution, the State laws and administrative regulations. The Beijing Municipal Government led by the Mayor, is Beijing’s local government authority. It exercises the powers of government, provides a full range of services to the people of Beijing, and implements resolutions of the Beijing Municipal People’s Congress.

Volume I-Theme 1

23


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1.2 Government Support The Chinese Government whole-heartedly supports Beijing in its bid to host the 2008 Olympic Games. China’s President, Mr. Jiang Zemin, expressed his full support to Beijing’s bid in a letter to the IOC President Mr. Juan Antonio Samaranch on 21 November, 2000. China’s Premier, Mr. Zhu Rongji, has signed a guarantee of the Central Government support for the Olympic Games. Covenant of the Premier of the PRC State Council has been obtained (See Theme 18). The Beijing Municipal Government, and the administrations of the districts and counties have undertaken to provide the financial resources, land, personnel, and venues and facilities necessary to host the Olympic Games. Covenant of the Mayor of Beijing has been obtained (See Theme 18).

1.3Elections The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China provides for five-year terms for deputies to the National People’s Congress and local people’s congresses.

25

Volume I-Theme 1

Between now and 2008, China will conduct two elections to elect new deputies to the National People’s Congress and local people’s congresses. They will be held from December 2002 to March 2003 and from December 2007 to March 2008, respectively. Consequently, there will be some personnel changes in the Central Government and the Beijing Municipal Government. However, such changes will not affect any plan or commitment that Beijing makes for hosting the 2008 Olympic Games.


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1990

5017.9

6858.0

859.4

1147.5

1419.7

1234.5

327.9

393.8

1991

5288.6

8087.1

1015.1

1409.7

2087.0

1288.1

447.3

454.9

1992

5800.0

10284.5

1415.0

1681.1

2735.0

1601.0

559.7

547.7

1993

6882.1

14143.8

2284.7

2123.2

3090.7

2057.0

899.2

709.9

1994

9457.2

19359.6

3012.6

2685.9

4050.4

2767.2

1200.5

977.6

1995

11993.0

24718.3

3819.6

3054.7

4932.3

3482.8

1546.4

1124.5

1996

13844.2

29082.6

4530.3

3494.0

5560.3

4017.4

1717.7

1354.9

1997

14211.2

32412.1

4810.6

3797.2

6159.9

4534.6

2177.9

1573.2

1998

14452.4

33387.9

5231.4

4121.3

6579.1

4672.6

2649.3

1823.9

1999

14457.2

34975.2

5442.7

4459.5

6842.3

4951.4

2781.6

1883.9


1.4PoliticalParties The political parties in China are: the Communist Party of China, the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang, the China Democratic League, China Democratic National Construction Association, China Democratic Association for Promoting Democracy, Chinese Peasants’ and Workers’ Democratic Party, the China Zhi Gong Dang, the Jiu San Society, and Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League. The current system of political parties in China is one of multi-party cooperation, and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. The Communist Party of China is the ruling party, while other parties participate in state power, the administration of state affairs, consultation on the selection of state leaders and the formulation and implementation of policies, laws, and regulations of the state, and play a supervisory role in the political life of the state. The Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference is an organization to implement the political consultation system and to promote the Patriotic United Front among the Chinese people. It is also an institution of importance for multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. ThePercentagesofPartyRepresentationinLegislativeBodiesAreasFollows:

PoliticalBody

Communist Party of China

Non-Party

OtherParties

Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress

67.7%

23.9%

Standing Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference

36.5%

42.41%

21.09%

Standing Committee of the People’s Congress of Beijing

66.12%

19.32%

14.56%

Standing Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference of Beijing

35.25%

34.48%

30.27%

8.4%

All political parties in China have expressed their support for Beijing’s bid and plans.

1.5 Major Economic Resources Main Economic Resources of China in the Past Decade Year

Agriculture

Industry

Construc- Transportation,Post& Commerce Telecommunications & Catering tion

Banking & Insurance

Social Services

Education & Culture

1990

5017.9

6858.0

859.4

1147.5

1419.7

1234.5

327.9

393.8

1991

5288.6

8087.1

1015.1

1409.7

2087.0

1288.1

447.3

454.9

1992

5800.0

10284.5

1415.0

1681.1

2735.0

1601.0

559.7

547.7

1993

6882.1

14143.8

2284.7

2123.2

3090.7

2057.0

899.2

709.9

1994

9457.2

19359.6

3012.6

2685.9

4050.4

2767.2

1200.5

977.6

1995

11993.0

24718.3

3819.6

3054.7

4932.3

3482.8

1546.4

1124.5

1996

13844.2

29082.6

4530.3

3494.0

5560.3

4017.4

1717.7

1354.9

1997

14211.2

32412.1

4810.6

3797.2

6159.9

4534.6

2177.9

1573.2

1998

14452.4

33387.9

5231.4

4121.3

6579.1

4672.6

2649.3

1823.9

1999

14457.2

34975.2

5442.7

4459.5

6842.3

4951.4

2781.6

1883.9

27

Volume I-Theme 1

Unit: RMB yuan (100 million)




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1990

100.0

27.0

37.0

4.6

6.2

7.7

6.7

1.8

2.1

1991

100.0

24.5

37.4

4.7

6.5

9.7

6.0

2.1

2.1

1992

100.0

21.8

38.6

5.3

6.3

10.3

6.0

2.3

2.1

1993

100.0

19.9

40.8

6.6

6.1

8.9

5.9

2.6

2.0

1994

100.0

20.2

41.4

6.4

5.7

8.7

5.9

2.6

2.1

1995

100.0

20.5

42.3

6.5

5.2

8.4

6.0

2.6

1.9

1996

100.0

20.4

42.8

6.7

5.1

8.2

5.9

2.5

2.0

1997

100.0

19.1

43.5

6.5

5.1

8.3

6.1

2.9

2.1

1998

100.0

18.6

42.6

6.7

5.3

8.4

6.0

3.4

2.3

1999

100.0

17.6

42.7

6.6

5.4

8.4

6.0

3.4

2.3



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43.9

219.3

43.1

24.0

43.9

56.8

9.96

10.67

1991

45.5

255.6

35.9

29.6

65.7

54.7

25.48

23.56

1992

48.7

293.0

52.9

35.5

85.4

65.0

30.30

27.50

1993

53.6

334.0

80.8

37.6

113.9

83.0

38.56

33.91

1994

74.8

405.1

94.7

61.5

146.6

109.0

43.07

39.93

1995

81.4

503.7

111.5

83.6

174.7

145.3

53.54

46.25

1996

83.5

541.4

141.7

113.8

187.6

181.5

63.15

61.30

1997

84.9

588.4

150.2

135.8

202.5

246.9

77.49

66.71

1998

86.6

610.7

176.2

154.5

207.3

277.6

110.67

80.83

1999

87.5

649.3

190.9

167.5

210.4

316.4

119.95

101.17

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1990

100.0

8.8

1991

100.0

7.6

43.8

8.6

4.8

8.8

11.3

2.0

2.1

42.7

6.0

4.9

11.0

9.1

4.3

1992

100.0

3.9

6.9

41.3

7.5

5.0

12.1

9.2

4.3

1993

3.9

100.0

6.2

38.7

9.4

4.4

13.2

9.6

4.5

3.9

1994

100.0

6.9

37.4

8.7

5.7

13.5

10.1

4.0

3.7

1995

100.0

5.8

36.1

8.0

6.0

12.5

10.4

3.8

3.3

1996

100.0

5.2

33.5

8.8

7.0

11.6

11.2

3.9

3.8

1997

100.0

4.7

32.5

8.3

7.5

11.2

13.6

4.3

3.7

1998

100.0

4.3

30.4

8.8

7.7

10.3

13.8

5.5

4.0

1999

100.0

4.0

29.9

8.8

7.7

9.7

14.6

5.5

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1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

74.01

77.02

80.25

84.10

99.86

115.26

150.90

209.91

265.61

320.45

4.17

4.07

4.19

4.80

18.73

15.43

30.92

39.11

26.54

20.65


Proportion of Main Economic Resources of China to its GDP in the Past Decade Year

GDP Agriculture Industry Construction Transportation,Post& Commerce Banking & Social Education Telecommunications & Catering Insurance Services & Culture

1990

100.0

27.0

37.0

4.6

6.2

7.7

6.7

1.8

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1991

100.0

24.5

37.4

4.7

6.5

9.7

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2.1

1992

100.0

21.8

38.6

5.3

6.3

10.3

6.0

2.3

2.1

1993

100.0

19.9

40.8

6.6

6.1

8.9

5.9

2.6

2.0

1994

100.0

20.2

41.4

6.4

5.7

8.7

5.9

2.6

2.1

1995

100.0

20.5

42.3

6.5

5.2

8.4

6.0

2.6

1.9

1996

100.0

20.4

42.8

6.7

5.1

8.2

5.9

2.5

2.0

1997

100.0

19.1

43.5

6.5

5.1

8.3

6.1

2.9

2.1

1998

100.0

18.6

42.6

6.7

5.3

8.4

6.0

3.4

2.3

1999

100.0

17.6

42.7

6.6

5.4

8.4

6.0

3.4

2.3

Main Economic Resources of Beijing Municipality in the Past Decade Year

Agriculture Industry Construction Transportation,Post& Commerce Telecommunications & Catering

Banking & Insurance

Education & Culture

Science & Technical Services

1990

43.9

219.3

43.1

24.0

43.9

56.8

9.96

10.67

1991

45.5

255.6

35.9

29.6

65.7

54.7

25.48

23.56

1992

48.7

293.0

52.9

35.5

85.4

65.0

30.30

27.50

1993

53.6

334.0

80.8

37.6

113.9

83.0

38.56

33.91

1994

74.8

405.1

94.7

61.5

146.6

109.0

43.07

39.93

1995

81.4

503.7

111.5

83.6

174.7

145.3

53.54

46.25

1996

83.5

541.4

141.7

113.8

187.6

181.5

63.15

61.30

1997

84.9

588.4

150.2

135.8

202.5

246.9

77.49

66.71

1998

86.6

610.7

176.2

154.5

207.3

277.6

110.67

80.83

1999

87.5

649.3

190.9

167.5

210.4

316.4

119.95

101.17

Unit: RMB yuan (100 million)

ProportionofBeijingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;sGDPAttributabletotheMainEconomicResourcesofBeijingMunicipalityinthePast Decade Year GDP

Agriculture Industry Construction Transportation, Commerce Banking & Education Science & & Catering Insurance & Culture Technical Post & Telecommunications Services

1990 100.0

8.8

43.8

8.6

4.8

8.8

11.3

2.0

2.1

1991 100.0

7.6

42.7

6.0

4.9

11.0

9.1

4.3

3.9

1992 100.0

6.9

41.3

7.5

5.0

12.1

9.2

4.3

3.9

1993 100.0

6.2

38.7

9.4

4.4

13.2

9.6

4.5

3.9

1994 100.0

6.9

37.4

8.7

5.7

13.5

10.1

4.0

3.7

1995 100.0

5.8

36.1

8.0

6.0

12.5

10.4

3.8

3.3

1996 100.0

5.2

33.5

8.8

7.0

11.6

11.2

3.9

3.8

1997 100.0

4.7

32.5

8.3

7.5

11.2

13.6

4.3

3.7

1998 100.0

4.3

30.4

8.8

7.7

10.3

13.8

5.5

4.0

1999 100.0

4.0

29.9

8.8

7.7

9.7

14.6

5.5

4.7

Beijingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fiscal Revenues and Rate of Growth in the Past Decade Year

1990

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

74.01

1991 77.02

1992 80.25

1993 84.10

1994 99.86

115.26

150.90

209.91

265.61

320.45

4.17

4.07

4.19

4.80

18.73

15.43

30.92

39.11

26.54

20.65

Unit: RMB yuan (100 million)

29

Volume I-Theme 1

FiscalRevenues Growth Rate


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1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

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455.2

581.3

670.7

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1.6 Annual Per Capita Income Annual Per Capita GDP Income of China and Beijing Municipality in the Past Decade Year

1990

China Beijing

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

341.6

353.0

414.7

510.0

455.2

581.3

670.7

730.3

761.8

789.3

1021.1

1086.7

1235.0

1430.6

1190.8

1565.6

1810.3

2018.7

2231.6

2399.8

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1.7 Price Level and Exchange Rate Commodity Retail Price Index in China and Beijing in the Past Decade 1990

China Beijing

1991

1992

1993

1994

102.1

102.9

105.4

113.2

121.7

1995 114.8

1996 106.1

1997 100.8

1998 97.4

1999 97.0

104.1

108.5

108.3

116.9

117.9

112.6

107.3

103.8

98.3

98.8

Source: China Statistics Yearbook and Beijing Statistics Yearbook

For many years now, prices in China and Beijing have been relatively stable. According to the People’s Bank of China forecast, based on a macro-quantitative economic model from the present to the year 2008, the annual average growth rate of China’s commodity retail prices will be approximately 1.7%. Average Annual Exchange Rates between RMB Yuan and US Dollars in the Past Decade

Year RMB

1990

1991

1992

478.32

532.22

551.4590 576.1950

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

861.8652

835.09

831.42

828.98

827.91

827.8261

Unit: RMB yuan/US $100 Source: China Financial Yearbook

The People’s Bank of China, China’s central bank, has forecast that China’s economic growth rate will remain at a relatively high level; that the balance of payments will remain healthy; and that the exchange rate of RMB yuan will remain stable from the present to 2008 due to the controlled, floating exchange rate system which is based on the market law of supply-and-demand implemented in China.

1.8 Bidding Committee Beijing 2008 Olympic Games Bid Committee(BOBICO) comprises leading figures from the Beijing Municipal Government, relevant departments in the Central Government including the State Sports General Administration, the Chinese Olympic Committee, the All China Sports Federation, representatives of athletes and coaches, experts of the Olympic Movement, and officials and specialists from cultural, educational, technological, scientific, architectural, environmental, financial, commercial and social fields. Volume I-Theme 1

31


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1.9 Public Support A Gallup Survey conducted in Beijing in November 2000 on the extent of popular support for the city’s bid for the 2008 Olympic Games indicates that 94.9% of the people in Beijing support Beijing’s bid. Soon after its founding, BOBICO received more than 2,000 submissions for logo designs and 30,000 suggested mottos for the Beijing Olympic bid from all over China. Urban residents, students, performers, athletes, and prominent social identities from Beijing and throughout China have expressed their support for Beijing’s bid through a variety of means, including the collection of signatures, and the production of paintings, calligraphy, and other works of art and artistic and sporting performances. In addition, a large number of Chinese and China-based foreign businesses have offered to provide financial support for Beijing’s bid.

1.10 Guarantees from Localities Concerned Should Beijing win the bid, Olympic Sailing will be held in Qingdao, and Olympic Football preliminaries will be held in Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenyang, and Qinhuangdao. The Governments and residents of these cities consider it a great honour to host Olympic events and have expressed their readiness to cooperate with BOCOG and to work for the success of the Olympic Games in accordance with the requirements of the IOC and the IFs. Guarantees have been obtained from Qingdao, Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenyang and Qinhuangdao. (See Theme 18)

Volume I-Theme 1

33


 

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The Chinese Government, the Beijing Municipal Government, and local governmental departments involved in hosting the Olympic Games, will fully respect and comply with the provisions of the Olympic Charter and the Host City Contract, and will conscientiously fulfil all obligations to, and agreements with, the IOC. China has a sound and effective legal system, fully capable of protecting the rights and interests of the Olympic Movement. Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s legislative bodies and government will, as required, formulate and issue regulations and ordinances to protect the IOCâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rights and interests.

Volume I-Theme 2

35


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Legal Aspects 2 . 1 G ov e r n m e n t a l C ov e n a n t s 2.1.1 A covenant signed by the Premier of the State Council of the Government of the People’s Republic of China has been obtained. (See Theme 18) 2.1.2 Covenants of the Mayors of Beijing, Qingdao, Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenyang, and Qinhuangdao have been obtained. (See Theme 18)

2.2 Beijing Olympic Games Bid Committee and Olympic Organizing Committee 2.2.1 BOBICO has been approved by the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, and is an independent legal entity.

The Executive Committee of BOBICO Comprises the Following Members:

President

Mr. Liu Qi, Mayor of Beijing

Executive President

Mr. Yuan Weimin, Minister in Charge of the State Sport General Administration of China and President of the Chinese Olympic Committee

Executive Vice President

Mr. Li Zhijian, President of All-China Sports Federation

Executive Vice President

Mr. Liu Jingmin, Vice Mayor of Beijing

Director of Sports

Mr. Lou Dapeng, President of the Chinese Athletic Association

Co-Secretary General

Mr. Tu Mingde, Secretary General of the Chinese Olympic Committee

Co-Secretary General

Mr. Wang Wei, Deputy Secretary General of the People’s Government of Beijing Municipality

The Executive Committee is the executive body of BOBICO, and under it are the following departments: • • • • • • • • •

General Office Research & Analysis External Relations Press & Publicity Sports & Venues Construction & Project Planning Finance & Marketing Technology Environment & Ecosystem

Funding for BOBICO is primarily provided by sponsorship and donations from various enterprises and social associations, as well as through special Beijing Municipal Government funds and financial support from the Central Government.

37

Volume I-Theme 2

The Beijing Municipal Government confirms that BOBICO is empowered to sign contracts and other documents related to its bid for hosting the 2008 Olympic Games on behalf of Beijing. Executive Vice President Liu Jingmin, Co-Secretary General Tu Mingde and CoSecretary General Wang Wei have the authority to sign relevant contracts and other documents related to the bid for hosting the 2008 Olympic Games on behalf of Beijing. A Statement of Authorization signed by the Mayor of Beijing has been obtained. (See Theme 18)


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2.2.2 Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games Should Beijing be elected Host City for the 2008 Olympic Games, BOBICO and the Chinese Olympic Committee will immediately sign the Host City Contract with the International Olympic Committee (hereinafter referred to as IOC) and the Organizing Committee of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games (hereinafter referred to as BOCOG) will be established within five months of the signing of the Host City Contract, and charged with all matters related to the organization of the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing. BOCOG will be an independent, legal entity and, as such, will have the right to exercise legal authority and the right of jurisdiction in civil affairs. BOCOG will also be legally responsible for civil obligations and liabilities in accordance with the law. BOCOG will comprise the IOC members in China, the President and Secretary General of the Chinese Olympic Committee, athletes, leading officials of the Government of Beijing Municipality, the State Sport General Administration, All-China Sports Federation, relevant departments of the Central Government, China Disabled Persons’ Federation, Chinese Sports Association for the Disabled, experts in the Olympic Movement, planning, architecture, environmental protection, technology, finance and law, as well as various experts, business leaders, and public figures. To ensure the continuity, the core members of BOBICO will also serve in BOCOG. From the date of its inception to the date of its dissolution, BOCOG will ensure that all of its activities are conducted in accordance with the Olympic Charter and the guidelines of the IOC Executive Board. Further, the BOCOG will, together with the Beijing Municipal Government and the Chinese Olympic Committee, shoulder every responsibility and obligation as outlined in the Host City Contract and its appendices. At the same time, BOCOG will fully honour all guarantees, statements, and commitments made by BOBICO in the bidding process.

2.3 Olympic Mark Protection The Chinese Government abides by the Olympic Charter and the IOC rules in relation to Olympic marks. China has relevant existing laws and regulations such as the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Sports, the Law Against Unfair Competition, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Patent, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Trademark, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Copyright, and the Regulation on the Administration of Special Marks. Clause No. 35 of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Sports clearly states: Marks involving the name, emblem, flag, or logo of any major sports compe tition held on Chinese territory are subject to the protection of relevant Chinese laws and regulations. China has entered into international intellectual property rights treaties, and will soon enter the WTO. All Olympic marks, emblems, logos, and related Olympic symbols and designs will be fully protected, and the marketing of Olympic products free from infringement violations. In accordance with the Regulation on the Administration of Special Marks, the mark of BOBICO has been

Volume I-Theme 2

39


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approved by and registered with trademark administrative authorities of the state and enjoys full legal protection. In addition, the Chinese Government states that it will take all necessary legal measures to strengthen the protection of Olympic marks, as represented by the formulation and promulgation of relevant legal regulations on the 2008 Olympic Games and Olympic Marks. A Covenant signed by the Premier of the State Council of the Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Republic of China and the Minister of State Administration for Industry and Commerce of the Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Republic of China has been obtained. (See Theme 18)

2.4 Ambush Marketing 2.4.1 BOBICO has reached a preliminary agreement with the department in charge of advertising administration under the Beijing Municipal Government which stipulates that during the Olympic Games, BOCOG will assume advertising control over all competition venues and the air space above to ensure no advertising appear, as required by the IOC. The Organizing Committee will obtain written agreements to ensure that advertising will be strictly controlled at competition venues and environs, in public transportation, airports, billboards, and city streets. Such action will be taken in order to protect the precedence and exclusivity of Olympic Sponsors in these advertising areas. BOCOG will guarantee that there will be no unauthorized advertising in competition venues, so as to prevent any violation of the rights of sponsors by a third party.

2.4.2 On behalf of all domestic sports associations and organizations, the Chinese Olympic Committee has reached an agreement with BOBICO to develop a unified joint marketing program(See Theme 6). No other marketing program that could have an impact on the Olympic or Paralympic marketing programs will be permitted. All relevant agreements or contracts between various Chinese sports associations and the sponsors will be incorporated into the unified joint marketing program as required by the IOC. This will ensure that the requirements stipulated in Chapter VII of the Host City Contract are met and that no other marketing agreements can be made or enacted that directly or indirectly relate to the Olympic Games, Paralympic Games, Olympic delegations, or the Olympic year.

2.5 Guarantee from the Bidding City BOBICO has not entered into any contract that will be in effect after the date of election of the Host City for the 2008 Olympic Games. All sponsorship contracts signed by the Chinese Olympic Committee contain the provision that, in accordance with the requirements of Chapter I of the Host City Contract----Basic Principles, these contracts will not jeopardize, prevent, or make impossible the fulfilment of any provision of the Host City Contract, should Beijing be chosen as the Host City of the 2008 Olympic Games.

2.6 Languages The English text of the Candidature File will prevail in the event of any difference of interpretation between the English and French versions.

Volume I-Theme 2

41


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Customs and immigration procedures for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games will fully comply with the Olympic Charter. Cooperation and courtesy will be accorded to all Games participants when they enter China. All products and equipment required for the Games will be exempted from customs duties.

Volume I-Theme 3

43


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C u s t o m s a n d I m m i g r a t i o n FORMALITIES 3.1 Immigration Procedure for the Olympic Games The Chinese Government pledges to observe Rule 65 of the Olympic Charter. All holders of the Olympic identity and accreditation card will, upon presentation of their passports or other official travel documents, be entitled to enter China for multiple times for the duration of the Olympic Games and for a period not exceeding one month before and one month after the Games. Other personnel participating in the organization of the Olympic Games who are in possession of a letter of invitation issued by the IOC or BOCOG shall be granted appropriate entry visas and will be permitted to work and stay in China for at least one year before the Games. A guarantee to this effect jointly signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of Public Security of the People’s Republic of China has been obtained. (See Theme 18) Under the current regulations, visas are required to enter China. Visas are readily available, on presentation of a passport (and, if necessary, other documents), from Chinese embassies or consulates around the world, and from some other agencies designated by the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

3.2 Health and Vaccination In accordance with the Frontier Health and Quarantine Law of the People’s Republic of China, all persons entering China are required to submit a health declaration form to the officer at the health and quarantine control post. With the exception of persons from areas affected by diseases such as yellow fever, foreign visitors to China do not require vaccination certificates. Persons with highly infectious diseases are not permitted to enter China. The State Administration for Entry & Exit Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China will work in close cooperation with BOCOG to facilitate the smooth passage through health and quarantine control of the athletes and other members of the Olympic Family. Prior to the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, BOCOG will advise any health and vaccination recommendations made by China’s health and quarantine authorities in order to assist persons entering China for the Olympic Games.

3.3 Importation, Use and Exportation of Goods Required for the Olympic Games

45

Volume I-Theme 3

The Chief Administrator of Customs, the Minister of Finance, the Minister of Public Security, and the Minister of the State Administration for Entry & Exit Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China have jointly signed a guarantee confirming that the importation, use and exportation of goods required by the IOC, the IFs, the NOCs and their delegations, the accredited media, the sponsors and suppliers will be exempted from all customs duties. This is to allow them to carry out their Games obligations, provided such goods are used or consumed in China or transported out of China within a reasonable period of time after the Games. (See Theme 18)


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3.4 Special Products and Equipment The special products and equipment required by members of the Olympic Family to carry out their duties at the Olympic Games, including firearms and ammunition, photographic and audio-visual equipment, medical equipment and products, computer equipment, foodstuffs, etc., will be allowed temporary admission and to go through inspection and quarantine formalities upon presentation of a certificate or guarantee issued by BOCOG. A guarantee to this effect, jointly signed by the Chief Administrator of Customs, the Minister of Finance, the Minister of Public Security, and the Minister of the State Administration of Entry & Exit Inspection and Quarantine of the Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Republic of China, has been obtained. (See Theme 18)

3.5 Media Material Covering the Olympic Games There will be no restriction concerning the use of media material produced in China and intended principally for broadcast outside.

3.6 Importation of Foreign Media Material In accordance with the Customs Law of the Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Republic of China and related statutes currently in force, publications and audio-visual products that are considered detrimental to national security or that disseminate pornography or violence can be prohibited from entry into the country.

Volume I-Theme 3

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“Green Olympics” is one of the three key themes for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. This theme owes its prominence to the Chinese philosophy dating back 2200 years, which recognises a connection between sustainable use of the environment and human existence. The “Green Olympics” is integral to the planning and staging of this great event. With the Olympic ideal as the major catalyst, 20 major projects costing US$ 12.2 billion aimed at improving the environment shall be completed by the year 2007, achieving the objectives set forth in the city’s Master Plan for Development three years ahead of Beijing’s schedule. Beijing promises to provide a clean environment for the athletes by 2008.

Volume I-Theme 4

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A. Environmental Protection 4.1 The City’s Geographical Features and Cultural Heritage Beijing is situated on the east side of the Taihang Mountains, and 180 km from the Bohai Sea. The protected areas and the environmentally sensitive areas are shown in the figure 4-1 and table 4-1. The activities of the Games shall not cause any harm to these areas.

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51

Volume I-Theme 4

All building constructions in Beijing are required to be designed to withstand earthquakes with intensity VIII on the Mercalli Scale; yet the City has experienced no major earthquakes greater than M=5 on the Richter Scale over the past 235 years. Nor have there been other major natural disasters, such as floods in the last 50 years.


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4.2 The City’s Environment and Natural Resources Management China has a full-fledged system for environmental and natural resources management, supported by an adequate regulatory framework. China has signed 16 international covenants on environmental protection. Administrative departments for environmental protection and resources management are established at the national, municipal and district/county levels for law enforcement and providing full support to BOBICO. BOBICO shall carry out its responsibilities in accordance with the national and municipal regulations and work in close collaboration with the related administrative departments (See the table 4-2). The Beijing Municipal Government is responsible for all matters related to environmental and natural resource management in Beijing, encompassing all Beijing based Olympic venues and activities.

Table 4-2 Municipal Departments and Their Regulatory Functions for the Games

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4.3 Environmental Management for the Games An environmental management system (EMS) for the Olympic Games has been created by BOBICO, in compliance with ISO 14001 Standards. The Environment and Ecosystem Department of BOBICO is responsible for the activities of environmental and ecological protection related with the Games. A consultation network comprising specialists, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and activists is also at work, offering recommendations to BOBICO at monthly-held hearings. In addition, a well-known company has been commissioned to add its input to the preparation. Objectives, Goals and Priorities The objectives are: to provide a nice and clean environment for the XXIX Olympiad, to ensure the success of the Games without incurring negative impacts on the ecosystem, and to make the Games a truly Green Olympics. Our efforts on environmental improvement for the Games will facilitate the implementation of the City’s Master Plan and be conducive to the goals for long-term sustainable development. The priorities are: to improve the air quality by use of cleaner energy and prevention of pollution caused by vehicles, to speed-up the construction of the projects for waste water treatment and reuse, to prevent the pollution caused by solid wastes, to preserve cultural heritage, to plant trees and improve the ecosystem as a whole. The Action Plan The Green Olympics Program(GOP), formulated by BOBICO in collaboration with the municipal EPB and 20 non-government organizations (NGOs), encompasses activities with a total investment of US$ 5.6 billion for the period of 1998-2002 and US$6.6 billion for the period of 2003-2007. Its main initiatives include the following:

53

Volume I-Theme 4

• The City shall complete all the 20 key projects listed in its Master Plan for environmental improvement, prior to 2008.


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• Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) will be carried out for the whole course of the Games including its preparatory phases. A detailed Environmental Management Plan (EMP) will be formulated based on the findings of these assessments. • 10 public events are to be held in order to involve the local residents in the process of promoting environmental protection. • An Education Centre for Sustainable Development shall be set up in the Olympic Green to raise public awareness on environmental protection. • Procurement policies will be adopted to encourage designers, builders, suppliers, sponsors and licensees to address environmental priorities. Collaboration with Environmental Authorities and NGOs The Chinese Government (the Government) has provided full support to Beijing’s bid for the XXIX Olympiad and has sent experienced experts taking part in the environmental management for the Games. The Government has also accepted BOBICO’s recommendations for environmental improvement. BOBICO will make every effort for the environmental protection related with the Games, while fully support the Beijing Municipal Government fulfilling its environmental protection programs. More than 50 NGOs in the City have responded with enthusiasm to GOP Environmental activists act as environment consultants for BOBICO. Proposals put forward by NGOs on the development of green communities, green campuses and green business districts, on separate collection of solid wastes and on protection of wildlife have been accepted by BOBICO. These environmental protection programs will be successfully carried out, thanks to the guarantee provided by the laws and regulations, the careful organizations of the governmental authorities, and the active participation by the public. Over the last two years, Beijing Municipal Government has invested US$3.6 billion to improve the environment with a two-fold increase in waste water treatment, a three-fold increase in natural gas supply, and a 30% lift in pollution-free disposal of solid wastes. Ambient air quality in summer and autumn is apparently improved, meeting the national standards (See the figure 4-3).

Minimizing the Environmental Impacts Caused by Transportation and Construction Projects Beijing Municipal Government has identified air quality as a major health and environmental issue. Sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and suspended solid particles (particulates) are monitored daily. While air quality during the period of the Games in 2008 will be of a high quality, and meet Chinese and WHO standards (See Theme 11), Beijing Municipal Government is nonetheless committed to achieve a high standard for the whole year.

55

Volume I-Theme 4

Strict standard for vehicle exhausts was enforced in 1999. A more restrictive standard will be in place by 2007 and the exhausts from new vehicles by that time will be reduced by 60%. Currently, 60% of the buses and 40% of the taxis in the City are powered by natural gas. These figures will be increased to 90% and 70%, respectively by 2008. The present daily capacity of the City’s subway is 1.3 million people and it will be increased to 2.66 million by 2008. Public ground transport is also expected to rise from 9.86 million people/day to 19.5 million people/day.




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The Olympic Games is estimated to add 1.3 million to the number of people using public transport every day. Arrangements shall be made to give priority to public transport during the Games. Free public transportation shall be provided for spectators with admission tickets. Participants and local residents shall be encouraged to use bicycles and special lanes for cycling shall be created in the Olympic Village. All transportation in competition venues and in the Olympic Village shall use low or zero-emission and low-noise vehicles. Environmental-friendly materials and facilities shall be used for all development projects of the Games. Measures will be taken to reduce the particulates and noise from the construction sites.

Plans for Solid Wastes Disposal, Sewage Treatment and Energy Management By 2008, all solid wastes produced in the City shall be safely treated and disposed, 50% of the solid wastes will be separately collected and 30% recycled for use as resources. All solid wastes produced during the Games shall be separately collected and safely disposed. All the temporary furniture, constructions and billboards for the Games shall be made by materials that can be regenerated or recycled. The daily capacity for sewage treatment was 1.08 million tons as of 1999 and will rise to 2.8 million tons by 2008, which equals to 90% of the sewage generated at that time. The reuse rate of treated water will reach 50% by 2008 (See the figure 4-2). Beijingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s drinking water meets WHO standards (See Theme 11). The drinking water source areas shall be continuously protected. Water-saving facilities and non-flush toilets shall be used, and rainwater collection and reuse system shall be installed in competition venues and the Olympic Village. Drought-enduring plants shall be planted in and around competition venues. Cleaner energy shall be supplied to the urban area for domestic usage, and the natural gas consumption will be increased by a factor of 5 by 2007. Electricity generated from windmills shall be used in the competition venues and in the Olympic Village; geothermal and solar energy shall be exploited for hot water supply; and natural light shall be used for illumination so as to reduce energy consumption.

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57

Volume I-Theme 4

The national strategy for the Western China development and ecological construction will be implemented and


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the following three green belts will be established by 2005: • Forest coverage in mountain areas will reach 70%; • Trees and grasses with a total area of 23,000 hectares will be planted along the banks of the 5 waterways and the sides of the 10 highways; • The green belts with a total area of 12,000 hectares will be built within the urban area. The green coverage of the lands for construction projects for the Games shall reach 40%J50%. A 760hectare green land shall be created in the Olympic Green. The City is currently carrying out a project to restore a number of historical sites including the Temple of the Emperor, the Temple of White Pagoda, and the Altar of the God of Agriculture, with a total investment of 38 million US dollars. Specialists on arts treasure protection have been involved in the preparation and efforts have been made to protect the cultural heritage in and around the Olympic Green. Plans have also been made for the control of visitors to the historical sites during the Games to prevent any possible damage to the cultural heritage. All facilities and routes for the Games shall be away from the protected areas for water supply and natural conservation. The originally planned routes for international triathlon has been readjusted for protecting the giant salamander.

Environmental Awareness An enduring goal of BOCOG will be to popularise the notion that the environment is the third pillar of Olympism and that sport can be a powerful force in raising awareness about sustainable development at local and global levels. The public shall be encouraged to use less private cars and enjoy an environment-friendly life style. Primary and secondary school children shall be given advice to use recycled paper and be friendly to wildlife. Energyefficient and water-saving facilities are required at hotels, restaurants and stores. The use of disposable products shall be restricted; while facilities using ozone-depleting substances shall be strictly prohibited. Home landscaping competitions shall be carried out in various communities and residents are encouraged to separately collect their own solid wastes. Drivers of public transit vehicles and taxis are required to carry out regular maintenance programs so as to keep their vehicles in good conditions and in compliance with the emission standards. An International Workshop on Sports and Environment will be held.

4.4 Environmental Impact Assessment

59

Volume I-Theme 4

A 400-page Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of all proposed venues and major events of the Games has been completed by Beijing Municipal Research Academy for Environment Science. The recommendations raised in the EIA for improving the environmental performance will be implemented during the designing and construction phase. The EIA has concluded that the environmental quality around the Olympic facilities will be greatly improved. The use of the Olympic venues after the Games will comply with Beijing’s Master Plan of Development. The information offered in the EIA is reliable, according to a professional panel of specialists both at home and from overseas. The EIA has been approved by the municipal Beijing’s Master Plan.


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4.5 Related Environmental Projects and Environmental-Friendly Technologies Proposals for application of new environmental-friendly technologies from scientific research institutions and universities have been presented to BOBICO, many of which are accepted, such as: • The annual capacity of electricity generated by windmills around Beijing will be increased from 125 million kwh at the moment to 1,070 million kwh by 2008, and the Games will purchase this electricity at price higher than that offered by power distribution network to meet 20% of the electricity demand by the venues. • 80%-90% of the street lamps around the venues will use the electricity generated by photovoltaic technology and solar energy. • Vacuum glass tubes will be used for solar energy collection, supplying 90% of the hot water during the Games. • New technology of fuel cells is being developed in China. BOBICO hopes that the Games will promote the application of this technology. • Beijing has plans to add 160 more geothermal wells by investing 100 million US$. Air conditioning systems using geothermal-operated pumps will be increased. • Satellite GPS System will be used to reduce traffic jams and air pollution caused by vehicles. • Nanometer technology shall be adopted to produce construction materials with enhanced abilities to resist bacteria and aging, and to decompose harmful gases.

4.6 Official Guarantee Official guarantees have been obtained. (See Theme 18)

4.7 Others Beijing will accomplish its plan for ODS phase out six years ahead of schedule and has committed to save energy and reduce its green house gas emissions. Summer camps will be organized for the world youngsters and workshops on the concept of “Green Olympics” will be also organized. Tree-planting activities will be organized for the world sports delegations and an “Olympic Memorial Forest” will be created. Implementation of ISO14000 Standards and promotion of cleaner production will be extended to more enterprises. BOBICO/BOCOG will establish a Business and Environment Advisory Group of industry associations, businesses and sponsors to facilitate the input of expertise and ideas, and provide additional investment opportunities for sponsors. Volume I-Theme 4

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Table 4-3 Daily Temperature Variations (°c) in Beijing and Other Related Cities Between July 25th and August 10th NU:MM

ON:MM

 jáå

 j~ñ

 jÉ~å

 jáå

 j~ñ

 jÉ~å

 jáå

23.5

32.9

27.8

22.2

29.2

25.1

20.9

Beijing

27.5

33.6

29.9

26.5

30.6

28.0

25.7

Shanghai

24.2

33.6

29.2

24.0

30.5

26.9

23.3

22.6

31.1

26.8

22.3

27.7

24.4

21.2

Tianjin Shenyang

23.4

30.5

26.8

23.2

28.7

25.6

22.5

Qinhuangdao

24.5

28.7

26.1

23.6

27.1

24.9

22.5

Qingdao

Table 4-4 Daily Humidity Variations (%) in Beijing and Other Related Cities Between July 25th and August 10th NU:MM

ON:MM

 jáå

 j~ñ

 jÉ~å

 jáå

 j~ñ

 jÉ~å

 jáå

37

97

72

42

96

82

56

Beijing

50

89

73

58

93

84

74

Shanghai

44

88

69

48

91

80

64

Tianjin

45

96

73

50

91

85

65

Shenyang

50

91

73

58

94

83

66

Qinhuangdao

52

97

83

60

99

89

70

Qingdao

B. Meteorology 4.8 Temperature and Humidity Beijing has a temperate continental climate with four distinctive seasons. Meteorological data collected in the past ten years show that Beijing’s daily average air temperature ranges from 24.5°C to 26.1°C between July 25th and August 10th. The peak temperature appears at 3 o’clock in the afternoon but it quickly drops down afterwards. As there is a fairly big difference in temperature between day and night, temperatures in the morning and in the evening are moderate (See the table 4-3 and figure 4-4). The humidity in Beijing is pleasant for outdoor activities (See the table 4-4). The temperature and humidity of other cities are shown in the Tables.

Figure 4-4 Daily Temperature Variations in Beijing Between July 25th and August 10th

35

 Qinhuangdao

= =  Shenyang

= =  Shanghai

City Parameter Annual mean of precipitation days

47

61

96

10

11

9

Mean precipitation days in July

11

Mean precipitation days in August

7

8

583.3

706.5

1266.7

Annual mean of precipitation (mm)

176.5

199.9

179.6

Mean precipitation in July (mm)

141.9

162.1

192.4

Mean precipitation in August (mm)

Temperature(°C)

Table 4-5 Precipitation in Beijing and Other Related Cities

30 25 20 15 5 0 0 2

4

6

8

10 12 14 16 18 20 22 (o’clock)

4.9 Precipitation In Beijing most of the precipitation occurs in July and August, but rain showers normally do not last long. Continuous cloudy and rainy days are rare and shall not cause any substantial impact on the Games.

Table 4-6 Elevations of Beijing and Other Related Cities

4.10 Elevation  Qinhuangdao 2.6

= =  Shenyang 44.7

= =  Shanghai 4.6

City

See the table 4-6.

Elevation (m)

Volume I-Theme 4

63


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Beijingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s economy has been growing at a fast pace over the last decade, reaching an average annual increase of 17.5% in its revenue. There is sufficient guarantee for the supply of capital and other resources from the public and private sectors to meet the needs of the Olympic Games. Furthermore, investment in infrastructure to support the Games is compatible with the long-term economic and social development plan of Beijing and will not impose any extra financial burden on the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s people. The BOCOG budget, with its associated guarantees, will ensure the success of the Games and provide the basis of opportunities the Games can bring to the people of China, the IOC and the world.

Volume I-Theme 5

65


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FINANCE 5.1 Financial Guarantees A financial guarantee of support for Beijing to host the 2008 Olympic Games has been given by the Chinese Central and Beijing Municipal Governments. A copy of this guarantee jointly signed by the Minister of Finance of China, the Chairman of the State Development and Planning Commission of China, the Director of the Beijing Finance Bureau and the Chairman of the Beijing Development and Planning Commission, being the responsible Government officials, is included in Theme 18. The financial guarantee includes: • • • •

funding of any BOCOG revenue shortfalls should they occur; pre-financing of all BOCOG expenditures prior to receipt of Games revenue; the construction of the infrastructure within Beijing to support the Games; and the construction of the venues and facilities required to host the Games.

5.2 Price Control on Goods and Services The Central and Beijing Municipal Governments have pledged that consumer prices and hotel rates in and around Beijing will be effectively managed to ensure that prices are fair and reasonable during the Games period. A guarantee to achieve this level of price control has been jointly signed by the Chairman of the State Development and Planning Commission of China and the Director of the Prices Bureau and is included in Theme 18. In addition, guarantees have been obtained from the hotels as provided in Theme 18. For services provided directly by BOCOG via rate card (such as transportation, radio and telecommunications, and rentals of technical equipment and offices), a final price list will be submitted to the IOC for their approval two years prior to the hosting of the Games.

5.3 BOCOG Asset Disposal and Post-Games Venue Responsibilities BOCOG assets at the conclusion of the Games will include the furniture, equipment and temporary fixtures purchased by BOCOG for the conduct of the Games. Assets likely to be included in this category would include items of a practical nature e.g. sports equipment, computers, etc., and items of a memorabilia nature e.g. look of the Games and ceremony assets. The nature of disposal will depend on the procurement strategy agreed for each item. It is anticipated that a significant portion of the items would be disposed of via public tender and/or auction. Opportunities to link procurement strategies with the longer term needs of Beijing and China will also be examined. The funds received from the sale of any assets will be included as revenue for BOCOG. The sports venues, the Olympic Village, the Media Village and other facilities used to host the Games will be owned by the relevant government authorities or private organizations. These government authorities and private organizations will be responsible for the ongoing operation and maintenance of the facilities. Volume I-Theme 5

67


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5.4 Taxes 5.4.1 Taxes Applicable in China The current Chinese industrial and commercial tax regime (excluding tariffs and agricultural tax) comprises 17 specific taxes. Of these, the following taxes would apply for the hosting of the Olympic Games in Beijing: • • • • • • •

business tax; value-added tax (VAT); consumer tax; corporate income tax; individual income tax; vehicle and road tax; and stamp duty.

5.4.2 The Tax Status of BOCOG As indicated in Theme 2, BOCOG will be established as an independent legal entity, legally responsible for civil obligations and liabilities. Under current Chinese Taxation Law, BOCOG would be a taxpayer. In support for the Olympic Movement, however, the Chinese Government has promised that, following approval by the Legislature, BOCOG will be exempt from taxes. This exemption will include revenues from the sale of broadcasting rights for the Games, from the Olympic marketing programme, and from sponsorship activities, whether the party that makes payments to BOCOG is resident in China or elsewhere.

5.4.3 Other Taxation Matters In support for the Olympic Movement, the Chinese Government has promised, upon approval by the Legislature, to exempt the IOC and other Olympic participants from taxes otherwise required under Chinese Taxation Law. These include: • business tax and withholding tax on income from the Beijing Olympic Games (e.g. income from the sale of television rights); • individual income tax due in China for participating athletes in conjunction with various monetary prizes; • VAT levied on the proceeds from the sale by BOCOG of sponsored commodities and postOlympic sale of assets; and • reimbursement to BOCOG of the VAT levied on commodities received as donations or sponsorships or purchases for its own use. Whilst the Chinese Government can grant tax exemptions within China, it is understood that residents in foreign countries may be required to pay withholding or similar taxes in their respective countries for payments to BOCOG for media rights, the Olympic Marketing programme and other sponsorships.

69

Volume I-Theme 5

Should Beijing be successful in its bid, the tax exempt status of BOCOG will be favourable for the clarification of the conditions of such withholding taxes. In addition we will negotiate with the governments of the countries concerned regarding exemptions for these taxes, if necessary.


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5.5 Budgeting 5.5.1 Budget for the Olympic Games A. Introduction The forecast budget for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games has been prepared on the basis of a conservative forecast of receipts and a realistic forecast of expenditure. The process of preparing this budget has included: • consultation with the Governments of China, Beijing Municipality and other relevant local areas; consultation with experts both nationally and internationally for each budget item; • detailed review and analysis of the budgets of previous games, particularly Sydney; • consultation with the IOC and COC; and • • comprehensive review of the budget process by Arthur Andersen and Bovis Lend Lease who have specialist knowledge relating to the Sydney Games. The planning and budget for the Games have resulted in an outcome with little or no risk to the IOC and with significant opportunities for the IOC, Beijing, China and the world. In particular: • the budget results in a surplus and contains responsible contingencies built into each budget item; • the Chinese and Beijing Municipal Governments are committed, and have the financial strength, to support BOCOG and all other aspects of the preparation for and hosting of the 2008 Games; • the Chinese Central, Beijing and other city Governments concerned have guaranteed that the facilities and venues for the Games will be constructed as scheduled; • the Chinese people will offer full support for the Games; and • the Games will generate significant business opportunities within Beijing and China. In addition, the planning for the Games has been based on: • the existing plans and commitments for the construction of major transport, environmental and other infrastructure in Beijing; • the extensive use of existing facilities, many of which are being upgraded; • the extensive use of the Olympic Green as the centre of the Games; and • the construction of facilities which have already been planned for Beijing and which will have a long term legacy for the city and its people.

B. Detailed Budget The following is a summary of the forecast receipts, payments and surplus for the 2008 Games with a brief description of each item. The detailed basis for each item will be made available to the Evaluation Commission.

Volume I-Theme 5

71




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BOCOG Budget (Final Budget and Presentation to be Reviewed)

AREVENUES

US$ m

1 Television rights

1

%

BEXPENDITURE

709.00

43.63

2 TOP sponsorship2 3 Local sponsorship 4 Licensing 5 Official suppliers

130.00 130.00 50.00 20.00

8.00 8.00 3.08 1.23

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8.00 12.00 180.00

0.49 0.74 11.08

8 Ticket sales

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8.62

9 Donations 10 Disposal of assets 11 Subsidies -National Government -Municipal Government

20.00 80.00 100.00 50.00 50.00

1.23 4.92 6.15 3.08 3.08

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12 Others

US$ m

B1 Capital investments 13-Sports facilities -Olympic Village -MPC and IBC -MV

B2 Operations 14-Sports events -Olympic Village -MPC and IBC -MV 15 Ceremonies and Programs 16 Medical Services 17 Catering 18 Transport 19 Security 20 Paralympic Games 21 Advertising and promotion 22 Administration 23 Pre-Olympic events and coordination 24 Other

25 Shortfall

25 Surplus

Total

1625.00

%

190.00 102.00 40.00 45.00 3.00

11.69 6.28 2.46 2.77 0.18

1419.00 275.00 65.00 360.00 10.00 100.00 30.00 51.00 70.00 50.00 82.00 60.00 125.00 40.00

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Total

-US dollar/ RMByuan exchange rate used in preparing the budget : 1: 8.27 -Date of finalisation of the budget: 14 December 2000

Non BOCOG Budget

City, Regional or State Authorities and Private Sector

C Capital Investments

Construction Cost (US$ m) 2001

2002

Planned Non Olympic Specific Expenditure Environmental 1000 1000 protection Roads & railways Airport

Total

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

1500

1500

1500

1300

827

2008 0

8627

547

592

636

636

636

313

313

0

3673

12

30

31

12

0

0

0

0

85

Olympic Related Expenditure Sports venues

212.57

425.13

Olympic Village Total

1559

1622

2379.57

2573.13

495.99

283.42

12.01

158.87

134.74

0 38.25

1429.12

110.62

2742.61 2055.29

1286.75

38.25

14256.60

442.48

Note: The MPC, IBC and Medial Village will use rented facilities and the existing accommodation capacity is enough for spectators.

C . Re v e n u e s The projected revenues from the Olympic lottery, the Olympic coin program and philately, and government subsidies have been endorsed by the competent authorities. Written confirmation has been obtained from the IOC on the split of revenues from TV rights and from TOP sponsorship programs.

Volume I-Theme 5

73


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1. Television rights The revenue from television rights of the 2008 Olympic Games allocated to BOCOG is estimated at US$833 million at 2008 prices (according to the IOC fax dated 21 March 2000), which will be US$709 million when converted to 2000 prices. 2. TOP sponsorship BOCOG is to be allocated a share of approximately US$200 million of the revenue from the TOP programs, which will be US$130 million when converted to 2000 prices. 3. Local sponsorship BOBICO has approached a number of multinational and large Chinese corporations on the prospect of sponsorships. It expects to receive US$130 million in sponsorships and services from 10-15 multinationals, large corporations and manufacturers of special equipment (See Theme 6 for details). 4. Licensing Total licensing revenue for the Beijing 2008 Games is estimated to be US$50 million. 5. Official suppliers To meet the needs of the Games for various equipment, supplies and related services, BOCOG has budgeted US$20 million worth of supplies and services from official suppliers at home and abroad. 6. Olympic coin program and philately BOCOG will, in consultation and cooperation with the Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Bank of China, which is Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s central bank, ask governing institution to issue 1.5 million gold and silver Olympic coins. This is expected to generate for BOCOG a revenue of US$8 million. BOCOG will also, in consultation and cooperation with the State Post Bureau, ask governing institution to issue Olympic stamps. BOCOG will consult governing department for the possible issue of commemorative banknotes. 7. Lotteries BOCOG and the Ministry of Finance plan to operate an Olympic Games Lottery from 2001 to 2008 if Beijing becomes the Host City. The lottery is expected to generate US$180 million in revenue. 8. Ticket sales BOCOG will have 7 million tickets for sale at home and abroad, which is expected to generate a revenue of US$140 million. (Details of the ticketing program are given in Theme 6 Section 6.3) 9. Donations Donations from business enterprises, social organizations, and individuals are estimated to be US$20 million. 10. Disposal of assets Revenues arising from disposal of assets owned by BOCOG are estimated to be US$80 million. 11. Government subsidies The Central and Beijing Municipal Governments will provide BOCOG with US$100 million in subsidies.

75

Volume I-Theme 5

12. Other Revenues from the licensing and leasing of commercial premises in the Olympic complexes, from the leasing of space, equipment, and facilities of the MPC and the IBC, and from the rentals of accommodation in the Olympic Village before and after the Games are estimated to be US$46 million.


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1871.60

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5.5.2 The total investment in sports facilities is estimated to be US$ 2061.6 million, of which US$190 million will be financed by BOCOG, and US$1871.6 million by the government and other sectors. Total Investment in Facilities (US$m) by Physical Location Sports Facilities

Sports

BOCOG Budget New Facility

Non BOCOG Budget

Total

U p g r a d e Subtotal New Facility of Existing Facility

U p g r a d e Subtotal of Existing Facility

246.71

246.71

45.67

45.67

45.67

107.51

107.51

107.51

1. National Stadium

ATHLETICS

2. National Indoor Stadium

GYMNASTICS

3. National Swimming Centre

SWIMMING

4. CIEC Hall A

TABLE TENNIS TRAMPOLINE

6.00

6.00

6.00

5. CIEC Hall B

SHOOTING FENCING

4.00

4.00

4.00

6. CIEC Hall C

WRESTLING RHYTHMIC

3.00

3.00

3.00

7.CIEC Hall D

BADMINTON

7.00

7.00

8. Olympic Green Archery Ground

ARCHERY

9. National Tennis Centre

TENNIS

43.92

43.92

10. National Hockey Stadium

HOCKEY

68.02

68.02

68.02

11. Olympic Sports Centre Stadium

FOOTBALL MODERN PENTATHLON

12.99

12.99

24.99

12. Olympic Sports Centre Gymnasium

246.71

7.00 0.00 43.92

12.00

12.00

HANDBALL

7.00

7.00

13. Olympic Sports Centre Softball Field

BASEBALL

8.00

8.00

27.69

27.69

35.69

14. Ying Tung Natatorium

WATER POLO

8.00

8.00

20.16

20.16

28.16

15. Beijing Shooting Range

SHOOTING

3.50

3.50

16. Beijing Shooting Hall

SHOOTING

37.51

37.51

17. Laoshan Velodrome

TRACK CYCLING

42.68

42.68

18. Laoshan Mountain Bike Course

MOUNTAIN BIKE

19. Road Cycling Course

ROAD CYCLING

20. Wukesong Indoor Stadium

BASKETBALL

282.65

282.65

282.65

21 Wukesong Baseball Field

BASEBALL

31.77

31.77

31.77

22. Fengtai Baseball Field

BASEBALL

28.48

28.48

28.48

74.85

74.85

74.85

101.01

101.01

116.01

34.22

34.22

34.22

13.03

13.03

13.03

3.50 37.51 42.68

4.00

4.00

3.31

3.31

7.31 0.00

3.50

23. Forbidden City Triathlon Venue TRIATHLON 24. Shunyi Olympic Aquatic Park

7.00

3.50

CANOE/KAYAK

25. Beijing Country Equestrian Park EQUESTRIAN

15.00

15.00

3.50

26. Shoutiyuan Sports Hall

TAEKWONDO JUDO

27. Beihang Gymnasium

WEIGHTLIFTING

28. Beitida Sports Hall

VOLLEYBALL

29. Capital Indoor Stadium

VOLLEYBALL

7.00

7.00

7.00

30. Workers’ Stadium

FOOTBALL

3.50

3.50

3.50

31. Workers’ Indoor Arena

BOXING

3.50

3.50

32. Tiananmen Beach Volleyball Ground

BEACH VOLLEYBALL

33. Qingdao International Marina

SAILING

87.59

87.59

87.59

34. Tianjin Stadium

FOOTBALL

83.21

83.21

83.21

35. Qinhuangdao Stadium

FOOTBALL

36.14

36.14

36.14

36. Shenyang Wulihe Stadium

FOOTBALL

1.75

1.75

1.75

37. Shanghai Stadium

FOOTBALL

3.50

3.50

3.50

Olympic Village

1.75

1.75

1.75

3.50 0.00

40.00

40.00

442.48

442.48

482.48

30.00

30.00

30.00

IBC

15.00

15.00

15.00

3.00

3.00

150.00

190.00

Media Village Total

40.00

3.00 1820.44

51.16

1,871.60 2,061.60

77

Volume I-Theme 5

MPC


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BOCOG Cash Flow Forecast

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50.00

50.00

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94.25

156.25

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50.00

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50.00

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5.5.4 Information for the Evaluation Commission The information to be provided on the occasion of the visit of the Evaluation Commission will include: • full data and information supporting each item in the Budget; • costs for human resources and technical support;and • names and qualifications of all members of the team that prepared the Budget.

Volume I-Theme 5

79




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China is not only the largest developing country in the world, but also the second largest investment market, next only to the United States. Many multinationals have set up offices and made major investments in Beijing. As China is about to join the WTO, the Chinese market will open its arms wider to embrace the world, offering further opportunities for domestic and international investors . This will provide BOCOG with a reliable source of revenue for its Olympic marketing program. The widespread enthusiastic participation of the 1.25 billion Chinese people in the Games promises great success for the Olympic marketing program which will offer many other opportunities on a local and global basis before and after the Games.

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Marketing 6.1 C h i n e s e O l y m p i c C o m m i t t e e ( C O C ) M a r k e t i n g --- Jo i n t Ma r k e t i n g b y BOCOG and COC BOBICO has reached an agreement with the COC on behalf of the candidate city. The COC pledges that in accordance with the requirements of the Manual for Candidate Cities of the 2008 Olympic Games and the Host City Contract, and in the spirit of the IOC Clarifications to Questions 6.1.2 of the Manual of 1 December 2000 concerning the joint marketing program and the standard agreement, it will develop a joint Olympic marketing program with BOBICO with regard to the marketing of the 2008 Olympic Games. The principal components of the program include: 1. The COC guarantees that its sponsorship activities related to Olympic Marketing will cease according to the date defined by the IOC. 2. BOCOG and the COC undertake to protect the correct use of the Olympic symbol, emblems, logos, marks and other Olympic related marks and designations as required by the IOC. 3. BOCOG and the COC will begin their implementation of joint marketing plan from 1 January 2003 as required by the IOC. 4. The COC will coordinate the marketing plan of its affiliated national associations in order to incorporate their plan in the joint marketing program with benefit-sharing and ensure that national marketing plan should not be in conflict with the obligations taken by the COC towards the IOC. 5. The distributions of the revenue from the joint marketing program allocated to the COC and the related national associations will be no less than the revenue they expect to generate over the determined period. Full details and terms will be provided in the contract between BOCOG and the IOC.

6.2 Olympic Games Marketing--- Chinese Industry Support It is anticipated that approximately 10 international corporations will join the ranks of BOCOG partners, and 10 to 15 large enterprise groups will become BOCOG sponsors. Apart from the multinational companies included in the IOC’s TOP program, it is anticipated that BOCOG will be able to attract sponsorship from large corporations including the following categories: • • • • • • •

petroleum and petrochemicals; telecommunications; banking and finance; insurance; machinery and electronics; engineering and construction, and building materials; metallurgy (non-ferrous);

• • • • • • •

textile and light industry (garment materials); civil aviation, rail and air freight services; postal services; energy (water and electricity); transport; foodstuffs; and medical and health care.

BOCOG will also work with the IOC to develop special products for the 2008 Olympic Games.

Volume I-Theme 6

83


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Paralympic Marketing BOCOG will follow the global marketing plan of the IPC. In collaboration with the COC and the Chinese Sports Association for the Disabled a unified Paralympic marketing program will be implemented. This will facilitate the raising of funds for the hosting of the Paralympic Games through sponsorship, donations, the issuing of licenses, organization of lotteries, ticket sales and the issue of commemorative stamps and coins.

6.3 Ticketing 6.3.1 The Number of Available Tickets Based on the capacity of the competition venues and the competition schedule, it is estimated there will be a total of over 9 million tickets available.

6.3.2 Expected Ticket Sales It is anticipated that 7 million tickets will be sold.

6.3.3 Price Range of Tickets The sale of tickets is to ensure as many people can participate in the Games as possible. This will be achieved by a number of simple but effective strategies: • The overall pricing of tickets will be kept down to an affordable level, giving the widest possible number of people the opportunity to purchase tickets to events. • As many events as possible will be allocated reasonable and fair proportion of public seats. • A significant number of tickets will be allocated for the disadvantaged and school children to help ensure our future generations benefit from the legacy of the Games. The revenue generated from ticket sales is expected to be US$140 million. Average ticket prices have been assumed as follows: • Opening and Closing Ceremonies : US$260; • Primary events : US$80; • Secondary events : US$15.

6.4 Commemorative Coin Program 6.4.1 Agreement with the People’s Bank of China

85

Volume I-Theme 6

It has been agreed with the People’s Bank of China that it will work with BOBICO to develop and implement a commemorative coin program for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games.


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6.4.2 Content of the Coin Program Commemorative coins will be issued. These will be distributed in batches each year from 2005 to 2008. It is anticipated there will be 12 different coins produced of which 4 will be gold (60,000 of each type) and 8 are silver (200,000 of each type).

6.4.3 Total Sales and Revenue from the Coin Program It is estimated that 1,500,000 gold and silver commemorative coins will be sold, bringing a revenue of US$ 8 million for BOCOG.

6.5 Lotteries--- Special lottery program for the Games BOCOG has obtained endorsement from the Ministry of Finance for the conduct of an Olympic Lottery if Beijing is awarded the 2008 Olympic Games. The lottery tickets will be sold through the existing networks of Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Sports Lottery. The lottery programme will operate from 2001 to 2008 and produce a forecast revenue of US$ 180 million.

6.6 Advertising The relevant authorities of Beijing have pledged to follow the Host City Contract with regard to advertising control. During the required period BOCOG will have complete control over billboard advertising, sky space advertising, and advertising on the public transport system. The IOCâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s TOP sponsors and the participants of the joint marketing program will have priority and exclusive rights over the use of these advertising sites. In order to promote the Olympic Movement and safeguard the interests of Olympic sponsors, Beijing authorities have pledged that specific statutes and rules in line with the legislation implemented for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games will be adopted to prevent ambush marketing during the 2008 Olympic Games. Upon Beijing winning the bid, the Beijing Municipal Government will begin to enact relevant statutes and regulations in accordance with due legal procedures.

6.7 Sponsor Hospitality Village Provision will be made within the Olympic Green and at competition sites for a range of sponsor hospitality opportunities. This will be on a tiered basis with Sponsor Hospitality privileges being dependent on the level of sponsorship provided to BOCOG . All Sponsor programs will be developed on a purely cost recovery basis. The Sponsor Hospitality program will include the development of a Sponsor Hospitality Village for use by TOP sponsors. A high-rise, luxury multi-purpose apartment building will be constructed very close to the Main Stadium. This building will offer facilities for entertainment and recreation, business conferences, and exhibitions. It is envisaged this building will be suitable to provide Sponsor Hospitality services during the Games period.

Volume I-Theme 6

87

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