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KÖANGA Spring 2009


Te Mata Wánanga The many faces of Te Wánanga o Aotearoa Social workers in demand

Meet Sandy Adsett

Working with Tainui

Caring for te ao túroa

Take pride of place

Cindy Cole - Trevor’s partner “When I went to my partner Trevor’s graduation and saw him go up to get his certificate, I was a bit teary eyed but also really proud because I knew how hard he’d worked. I’ve noticed his confidence has improved since enrolling at Te Wananga o Aotearoa and he’s starting to come out of his shell more. Trevor is looking to continue his study of Te Reo and I know Te Wananga o Aotearoa will continue to have a positive effect on our lives.”

Call 0800 355 55 553 55 or visit

TÁ TE POUHERE Ko Ihowa tó tátou whakawhirinakihanga ki te oranga mutunga kore, kia whakapaingia tóna ingoa i ngá wá katoa. Mihia te úpoko ariki, Kíngi Tuheitia; he mana i heke mai i ngá mátá waka. Pótaea, paimárire. E aué ana te ngákau i te aroha ki te iwi ka rúpeke ki te ruruku o te wairua, á, oti atu. Té memeha te rokiroki o te mahara mó aku tau kahurangi – e upa, e upa, okioki atu i ngá ringa o te Atua. Má rátou te akaaka o te rangi, má tátou, má te mataora te akaaka o te whenua. Tihé mauri ora! Tihé Wánanga! E ngä mana, e ngä reo, e te iwi, tënä rä koutou katoa. Tënei a KA MIHARO kua waihape mai, e rere ai i te püau o te kupu o näia ake nei nä. He waka kua roa e pae mai nä i te one roa, engari nö te rangi nei kua rewa anö ia i te tai teka. Arä ana utanga, ko ngä körero a tënä tauira, a tënä kaiako, a tënä pito me ana pitopito. Nei ka whakakau – koia kua tere, koia kua ü. Töia!


t gives me great pleasure to introduce the re-launch of KA MIHARO, our Te Wänanga o Aotearoa magazine which celebrates and shares the journey and some of the successes of our tauira and staff. It is significant that KA MIHARO, which will be published quarterly, returns to print on the 25th anniversary of Te Wänanga o Aotearoa first opening our doors to provide education and training to the people of Aotearoa. What a 25 years it has been – in that time Te Wänanga o Aotearoa has grown from humble beginnings to be one of the largest providers of tertiary education in the country, providing higher learning to around 40,000 tauira each year.

From our first programmes in whakairo, raranga and te reo Mäori, our portfolio has grown to include social services, environmental studies, computing, teaching, trade training, arts, business and tikanga programmes. In response to an increased need to focus on the education of our youth, we have expanded our educational offerings and are working collaboratively in areas such as forestry training and trade training. We are also working alongside NZ Police to boost recruitment numbers, particularly in the South Auckland region. Today, Te Wänanga o Aotearoa produces the largest number of social service degree graduates in the country. This is just one of a number of successful degree programmes we offer, and we will continue to expand on these in the coming years. The journey of one of our social services tauira is among the many stories shared in this edition. Also included in this edition is the celebration of Te Mata Wänanga, where hundreds of our staff come together annually to compete and participate. It provides an opportunity for our whänau from throughout Aotearoa to acknowledge the hard work and commitment of all our staff in recent years, where we have

focused on refinement and strengthening of our internal systems and management to ensure we are in a sound and resilient position to embrace an exciting future. This year Te Mata Wänanga is hosted at our Porirua campus, so it is timely that KA MIHARO profiles the history of this campus - a theme that will continue in subsequent editions of our magazine. I would like to take this time to thank our many tauira for allowing Te Wänanga o Aotearoa to be a part of your educational journey, and to encourage you all to be the best you can be. Thank you to all our staff and kaumätua for the good mahi you do in supporting your rohe, and our institution’s kaupapa. Te Wänanga o Aotearoa is now a permanent feature on the New Zealand educational landscape, and I look forward to capturing and sharing the value we provide to communities throughout New Zealand in the pages of KA MIHARO – our magazine.

Bentham Ohia Te Pouhere, Te Wänanga o Aotearoa. TÁ TE POUHERE





Dr Diggeress Rangituatahi Te Kanawa Ngäti Maniapoto, Ngäti Kinohaku


e Wänanga o Aotearoa mourns the passing of a tohunga raranga and lifetime teacher, Dr Diggeress Te Kanawa, who died on 31 July, aged 89. Te Pouhere, Bentham Ohia, says, “She embodied the humility, aroha and commitment of an almost lost generation.” Diggeress was born in 1920 not long after the end of World War I. Her father Taonui Hetet named her in honour of the ‘diggers’ he fought alongside in the Pioneer Mäori Battalion during the First World War. She was raised in a close-knit community near Te Küiti, where traditional Mäori art forms like weaving and carving were still being taught to younger generations. Diggeress learnt to weave from her mother, the late Dame Rangimarie Hetet, and the pair is credited with the revival of traditional raranga,

particularly the weaving of käkahu. While Diggeress is famous for her weaving, daughter Aroha Te Kanawa says, “Mum was never idle and continued to challenge herself creatively. To me she is not only a weaver, but also a dressmaker, fashion designer, screen-printer and craft-maker. She would make something amazing out of nothing.” Her cloaks, kete and other woven treasures grace museums and art galleries around the world. Her work has been included in exhibitions such as Te Waka Toi: Contemporary Art from New Zealand (1992), and Te Aho Mutunga Kore, which toured the United States. She received numerous awards and accolades during her lifetime, including an honorary doctorate from the University of Waikato and the distinction of being named one of New Zealand’s 10 official ‘icon’ artists.

Diggeress was a foundation kaiako at Te Wänanga o Aotearoa. In 2008, she received the inaugural He Kura Waka o Te Wänanga o Aotearoa Award for her immense contribution to the protection, preservation and development of mätauranga raranga. Bentham Ohia says, “We have been blessed to have shared in the gifts of Diggeress Te Kanawa, and we share in the deep sadness still felt by her whänau at this time.” She has left behind her 92-year-old husband, Tana Te Kanawa, 12 children and more than 100 mokopuna.

Dr Tuhuatahi Tui Adams Ngäti Maniapoto


he loss of respected kaumätua and tikanga expert Dr Tui Adams has left a great void at Te Wänanga o Aotearoa.

Dr Adams was a bedrock of support for the institution’s co-founder and former Tumuaki, Dr Rongo Wetere, a commitment he continued when Bentham Ohia was appointed Te Pouhere, following the resignation of Dr Wetere. “Dr Adams was a reservoir of knowledge and an authority on Tainui tribal history, which includes iwi from Waikato, Maniapoto, Hauraki and Raukawa,” said Bentham. “He has had a massive influence on our wänanga, and on me personally as well as on so many people associated with Te Wänanga o Aotearoa,” says Bentham.





Tui was a key advisor, mentor and spokesperson for Kïngi Tuheitia and the late Mäori Queen, Dame Te Atairangikaahu. Bentham says, “Koro Tui was a man steeped in learning, who carried himself with a quiet dignity. He was an exceptionally generous man, who committed his life to sharing the knowledge he had acquired, and in nurturing a passion for learning in others.” He was a kaumätua at Te Wänanga o Aotearoa and a kaiako matua of Te Arataki Manu Körero, a programme he co-founded with Tumuaki Dr Rongo Wetere. Te Arataki Manu Körero assists Tainui elders to understand better Tainui tikanga and history. It was set up to ensure the continuity of Tainui traditions and identity with a specific focus on kaumätua. The successful programme has been adopted by many iwi and rohe throughout the country.

Dr Adams received a Queen’s Service Medal in 2000 for services to the Mäori community and in 2003 he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Waikato. Mr Ohia said the much loved and respected Tainui kaumätua retained a lightning wit and good humour despite deteriorating health. “His passing leaves a great sadness in me and among the multitudes of people he touched. He was a deep well of knowledge that will be greatly missed.


EDITORIAL TEAM Jarel Phillips Jon Stokes Sandi Hinerangi Barr Paraone Gloyne Steve Bradford


Marketing Manager Managing Editor Editor Te Reo Adviser Proof Reader



CONTRIBUTORS Yvonne O’Brien Ngahiwi Apanui Marie Panapa Tui Barton Ariana Paul Tatiana Brown Jo Pere Ken Craig Kerry Proctor Paraone Gloyne Warner Rahurahu Adrian Heke Shaarne Rarere Davina Hughes Puawai Swindells Sandra Kelly Ngapine Te Ao Kim Marsh Aroha Te Kanawa Matthew Maynard Alice Te Puni Damian McGregor Andrew Warner Moana Miller Toby Westrupp Leesah Murray Kingi Wetere Hira Nathan Tarah Nikora                                DESIGN Kaaterina Kerekere, kedesign

Te Wänanga o Aotearoa produces the highest number of social work graduates in the country. Meet one of the graduates who is now working for her iwi.

PRINTING Norcross Printing Group


PUBLISHER Te Wänanga o Aotearoa PO Box 151 Te Awamutu 3800 CONTRIBUTIONS If you are interested in contributing to KA MIHARO, or have any feedback, contact us via email at: PAPER STOCK This publication uses soy-based inks on Novatech Elemental Chlorine Free (ECF) paper that has been bleached without harmful chlorine gas. The paper pulp has been sourced from wellmanaged forests that promote sustainable afforestation. COPYRIGHT © The entire contents of KA MIHARO are copyright and may not be reproduced in any form either in part or in whole without the written permission of the publisher.


Check out the preparations for Te Mata Wänanga 2009, hosted by Te Tai Tonga.



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Long-time friend and fellow artist, Ngapine Te Ao gives us her personal insight into leading Mäori artist and kaiako, Sandy Adsett.



MO 1 celebrates the enrolment of 100,000 tauira on to its programmes.

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Find out more about the degree programme that provides a Mäori perspective on iwi environmental management.


Autui Wearable Arts Cutting a Track Celebrating te reo Máori Tongikura from King Tawhiao Working with Tainui Porirua campus Staff news News from the regions Events Glossary

Cover photo:

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Tainui Regional Manager Brad Totorewa and kaiako Tiare Teinakore from Raroera campus in front, kaiako Thelma Fisher-Te Wake from Raroera campus in the background.

ISSN 1176-4333

Nä Aisha Roberts te whakaahua.




The many faces of Te Wánanga o Aotearoa Te Mata Wánanga is a highlight for kaimahi at Te Wánanga o Aotearoa. It’s the one time of year staff from around the motu come together, engage in some regional rivalry and show off their skills in kapa haka. It’s always a much-anticipated occasion and this year the event will be hosted by Te Tai Tonga in Porirua on 29 and 30 September.

Ivy Lee Topia from the Porirua campus and Arama Cooper from the Murihiku campus. Nä Adrian Heke ngä whakaahua.







he idea for Te Mata Wänanga was conceived by the late Mike Watson, former Regional Manager for Papaiöea. Te Wänanga o Aotearoa Senior Cultural Ambassador Aunty Ma (Marie Panapa) says Mike wanted to raise the morale of staff who were affected by restructuring during 2005.

More than a month out from the big event, staff at the Porirua campus are cracking jokes at their lunchtime practices.

It’s a slow and repetitive process, and over the course of an hour staff are starting to work up a bit of a sweat.

One of the lead kaiako says, “If I stuff it up, it’s because I don’t remember what I just did!”

Some kaimahi drift in and out of the practice; there’s plenty of laughter and lots of ribbing. It’s a relaxed atmosphere, but the lead kaiako are clearly intent on getting the poi moves to look rhythmic and graceful.


Aunty Ma says it was a very difficult period to be working at Te Wänanga o Aotearoa and the first Te Mata Wänanga, which was hosted by Papaiöea, helped restore staff pride in “who we are and what we do...our purpose in this world”. “It also reminded us that we are in the business of transforming the lives of individuals and whänau through education. We stand here to make a difference.” Aunty Ma says the name ‘Te Mata Wänanga’ refers to the pan-tribal and multi-faceted nature of Te Wänanga o Aotearoa. Kotahitanga has been a key theme for Te Mata Wänanga. Aunty Ma says it’s a time to revel in whanaungatanga. “It’s about being us”. She believes Mike chose kapa haka as a vehicle for bringing staff together because “he believed that given the opportunity to demonstrate our immense talent in a competitive spirit, we can, for one day, remind ourselves that regardless of what challenges are ahead, the time for celebration of who we are is NOW!”

A few women are choreographing the foot work and hand actions, swinging their poi with ease and helping other staff who aren’t so experienced master the moves. “Step back on your wae, cuz.” The wähine stand in two lines in front of the wall mirror and the men form a circle on the other side of the room to practise the haka. The two groups are barely aware of each other. The men are focused on coordinating their words with their takahi and hand actions. Feet pound the floor, hands slap their bodies and they start to haka in unison.

Lead kaiako Merlene Maxwell-Wehi says, “For those of us who aren’t poi people, we can still look beautiful.” And with a bit of a reshuffle, kaimahi reconfigure their group and do various moves, depending on their ability. While Merlene is in charge of managing the Mäori performing arts programmes across Te Tai Tonga, this will be the first time she participates at Te Mata Wänanga. She and husband Wi are well-known figures on the national scene and she’s competed at Te Matatini eight times.

Given the opportunity to demonstrate our immense talent in a competitive spirit, we can, for one day, remind ourselves that regardless of what challenges are ahead, the time for celebration of who we are is NOW!





Everyone recognises this is an important occasion and a big part of what Te Mata Wänanga is about is bringing our whänau together.


on remembering actions and coordinating themselves as a group. There’s not so much laughter. It’s much quieter.

“When we prepare as a competitive group, kapa haka is number one. We set the timeframes and everybody and everything revolves around that. At Te Wänanga o Aotearoa, staff have to practise outside of their work commitments. We aim to run through our items at lunchtimes for one hour, but that doesn’t suit everyone.”

Audra Temara from the Murihiku campus sits on the ground, leaning against the wall mirror with her poi in hand watching the other wähine go through their poi routine. She tells me she’s very pleased to be there, sighs, then says with a big smile, “It’s hard work!”

“All our words are on the staff intranet and we recorded all our waiata at the first noho, so in theory the music won’t change... but we’re always open to enhancements,” laughs Merlene.

Te Tai Tonga has done its utmost to be inclusive of both islands. Half the performance items - the poi, waiata ä-ringa and whakawätea - were composed or chosen by staff from Te Waipounamu, led by Audra Temara, Kiri Keys and Hoani Mihaka. The waiata tira is one of Dr Ngapo and Pimia Wehi’s old-time favourites. The whakaeke and haka were composed by Porirua kaiako Thomas Tawhiri, while the music has been a whänau effort from Merlene, Wi and their daughter, Mäori Performing Arts kaiako Virginia Maxwell.

“It’s a case of combining the actions with the words, so when they (the South Island staff) come up this weekend it will be intense. But it’s not how long you practise, it’s how hard you practise.”

Their set is based on the four guiding values of Te Wänanga o Aotearoa - te aroha (compassion and respect), whakapono (integrity), ngä ture (honour) and kotahitanga (unity).

The photographer and I turn up the following weekend to get some shots of the group practising as a team and there’s a definite mood change in the air. Kaimahi are focused

“We’ve got a really strong kaupapa,” says Merlene. “But it is a huge challenge working across two islands and with a range of performers. At the end of the day, we’ve got

The biggest (and unique) challenge facing Te Tai Tonga is that they are made up of performers scattered across two islands, from Murihiku to Kapiti. The group will only get three chances to practise together before they take the stage.


erlene admits she’s struggling with the differences between preparing for Te Matatini and Te Mata Wänanga.



an even balance and we’ll give a great performance.”

THE ORGANISING PARTY Regional Manager, Matthew Maynard, says if Te Tai Tonga had really thought about what it would mean to host Te Mata Wänanga, “we probably wouldn’t have done it”. “It’s a bit scary following Tainui. They did a wonderful job. Your mana is at stake. We’re going to do this well or we’ll die trying,” laughs Matt. Given that there are only six Te Wänanga o Aotearoa regions, and Te Tai Tonga was one of two who hadn’t put up their hand to host the event, the pressure was on in 2008. “We talked about it as a whänau. We’ve sat back, participated and we needed to take up the challenge.” As a show of inter-island unity, two kaumätua from Te Waipounamu made the tono. Te Tai Tonga covers 29 sites and stretches across nine tribal boundaries. Working across a huge area and with iwi who have different tikanga, as well as long-standing historical grievances with each other, is not an issue specific to hosting Te Mata Wänanga, but it did bring those issues into sharp focus.

The potential for communication difficulties was addressed by appointing two area representatives from Murihiku, Ötepoti, Ötautahi and Porirua. Their role is to keep local whänau informed and represent their views to the Executive Organising Committee. The deeper issues around setting the tikanga for Te Mata Wänanga were dealt with head on. A meeting was held in Ötautahi, “where we just put it all on the table”, says Matt. “We needed to know what was going to be the kawa for the pöhiri - was it appropriate to perform ‘Ka mate’ and how do we keep ourselves safe as a region in terms of tikanga and kawa? “We’ve had a lot of difficulty in the past with bringing Ngäi Tahu and Ngäti Toa together and we asked our kaumätua to guide us. We’ve had a very positive outcome. Everyone recognises this is an important occasion, and a big part of what Te Mata Wänanga is about is bringing our whänau together.” The kawa of Ngäti Toa will be followed at the pöhiri. Kaimahi from Te Waipounamu will be welcomed onto Takapuwahia marae before they join the manaaki crew and welcome Kïngi Tuheitia, Te Wänanga o Aotearoa staff and their supporters. Matt shows me a flow chart that outlines the various jobs assigned to his Executive Organising Committee. The list of jobs includes assisting teams with accommodation, budgeting, providing security and kaitiaki. It’s all mahi above and beyond their teaching commitments.

that have offered support. Papaiöea is providing security and Tainui has provided Matt with a lot of organisational templates he’s followed. “It’s been so difficult for our region to coordinate an event of this scale but it’s been an opportunity to focus on something celebratory. Now that we’ve got over all the jitters, we’re working well together and with a sense of purpose.” Aunty Ma says hosting Te Mata Wänanga gives the host region the chance to practise manaakitanga, tikanga and ähuatanga Mäori. “It’s a big undertaking, but each region adds something new and different to the event.” While Te Tai Tonga is feeling the pressure of keeping up the high standards of manaakitanga in previous years, it does have a secret weapon. It comes all the way from the deep south in white plastic buckets and 22 lots were ordered earlier this year.

OVER THE YEARS Te Mata Wänanga began four years ago and has been hosted by a different region each year. 2005 – Papaiöea (Palmerston North) 2006 – Waiariki (Rotorua) 2007 – Tämaki Makaurau/ Tai Tokerau (Manukau) 2008 – Tainui (Te Awamutu) 2009 – Te Tai Tonga (Porirua) Top photo: Merlene Maxwell-Wehi. Bottom photo: Thomas Tawhiri.

He’s grateful for the support of staff from Te Puna Mätauranga and the other regions HEI TUATAHITANGA





Natural talent

Whánau, kaimahi and tauira associated with Te Wánanga o Aotearoa showed off their creative flair at Autui, the third Wearable Arts Awards, in August this year.


he awards, formerly known as Matariki, have been renamed Autui, which is the kupu Mäori for a whalebone pin used to fasten any type of kahu (traditional Mäori cloak). The new name reflects the time of year when the event is held, between hötoke (winter) and köanga (spring), as well as referring to the bringing together of traditional and contemporary concepts, natural and manufactured materials, and of course people. Entries were invited for the following wearable arts categories: Tiakina a Papatüänuku (using 80 percent recycled materials), Kahurangi (anything blue), Whenua (natural fibres) and Pïataata (sparkling evening wear). A panel made up of artists, teachers and former tauira judged 23 garments on 14 August at the University of Waikato. Each category had a winner and runner-up, and category winners were then eligible for the Supreme Award. Kelly Cunningham, Lawrence Hale and Simi Hale, tauira who are studying Raranga at Raroera campus won the Supreme Award for their wearable creation ‘Ngahere’. The Mäori design team said the piece “was inspired by our affinity with the land and the ability to use our natural resources and taonga. Harakeke, kiekie and vine represent the whenua, pounamu represents the awa, feathers represent the air sustaining our precious manu and copper represents ‘Te Rä’, the sun”.





Supreme Award winning creation, ‘Ngahere’.

HE PAETAHI Working towards a brighter future Nä Alice Te Puni

Social services graduate Arwen Saddlier in her role as a Family Start Kaiäwhina teaches young Tairäwhiti whänau how to make taonga from readily available resources including harakeke (flax) and seashells. Nä Alice Te Puni ngä whakaahua.

Te Wánanga o Aotearoa has the highest number of social services programme enrolments and graduates of any tertiary provider in the country. Graduates, like Arwen Sadlier, are getting snapped up as soon as they complete their studies. ‘KA MIHARO’ caught up with this wahine, who’s using the skills she gained at Te Wánanga o Aotearoa to empower Tairáwhiti whánau.





I never thought I would be employed doing a job I love this much... The things we can achieve are truly amazing.



ith diamond-like clarity, the Family Start Kaiäwhina of Ngäti Porou descent boldly claims, “Manaakitanga is my calling.” Arwen’s confidence was not as compelling when she first started out on her higher learning journey, a little over five years ago. “I was nervous and shy and pretty much had zero belief in myself when I enrolled at Te Wänanga o Aotearoa in 2004. “I didn’t achieve much at secondary school and wouldn’t stick it out because I thought I already knew it all. I officially left at the beginning of my seventh form year, but my brain had wandered out the classroom window by fifth form.” The industrious teenager left school and found employment. Three years later, at 21, she became a new mum. When baby Paige Elizabeth blessed Arwen’s world with her presence, it was a huge wake-up call.

“I knew I had to get off my bum and do something with my life. It wasn’t only about me anymore.”

GETTING STARTED “I enrolled at Te Wänanga o Aotearoa for convenience. The campus was located in Gisborne and I could walk from home, which was just around the corner. Because it was a Mäori learning institution, its philosophies for learning made it easier for me as a mother to study and be available for my newborn daughter. “I chose to study social services because I enjoy helping people. I like to awhi, but I didn’t know anything about professional social work. I had to start from the bottom.” Lifelong friendships were forged with fellow classmates during Arwen’s first year at Whirikökä campus, but even more uplifting was the relationship with kaiako Kerry Proctor, who became a positive mentor for Arwen’s educational and personal development. Knowledge gained in her first year provided a good grounding in social work principles





and ethics and laid a strong basis for further social service sector studies. “When I stood up on the graduation stage to receive my Social Services Certificate, I knew my academic footsteps had only just begun and I was hungry for more.”

TAKING IT UP A NOTCH The next logical step for Arwen was to enrol in the Diploma in Social Work (Level 6) at Te Wänanga o Aotearoa. “This was harder and more in-depth, and the workload was intense. I felt that I was sinking academically; however, staff and classmates were behind me 100 percent, reinforcing the philosophy of Te Wänanga o Aotearoa, ‘kei a koe te mana’ (you have the ability to succeed).” The final chapter of Arwen’s two-year diploma was unfolding when kaiako Bertha Thatcher was introduced to the programme. Arwen describes Bertha as being a dynamo, who can turn a mountain of chaos into manageable and deliverable issues by not sweating the small stuff.

SHARING HER SUCCESS Her kaiako say it was a privilege to watch Arwen blossom over the years. “Arwen produced top-quality work and was always conscientious about what she handed in. Her academic level was high. She just needed confidence.” “Her daughter was definitely a major influencing factor in her success,” says Kerry. Taking up the second-chance education opportunity has secured life benefits for

the 26-year-old. She is a successful tertiary graduate, a career woman and a great mother.

between all agencies to ensure families’ priorities are met.

Arwen works for the Tühono Whänau (Family Start) programme run by Te Rünanga o Ngäti Porou based in Gisborne. The Family Start programme provides intensive, home-based support services for whänau with high health, education and social needs, to ensure their children have the best possible start in life. Kaimahi, like Arwen, work with families in their homes to identify priorities and support them to achieve their goals.

“I never thought I would be employed doing a job I love this much. I encourage everyone to give learning a go. The things we can achieve are truly amazing.”

She also acts as an advocate and coordinator

Arwen intends returning to the classroom to secure a social services bachelors degree and a masters by the time she is 30 and a doctorate before she turns 40. “This journey is one we should all undertake... it all starts with one small step.”


e Wänanga o Aotearoa has a record number of tauira enrolled on its social services programme this year, and there is plenty of demand for its trained social workers.

Social Services Kaiako, Kerry Proctor,from Whirikökä campus in Gisborne says “Our national numbers are shooting through the roof!” In the past two years, Te Wänanga o Aotearoa has produced 838 social service graduates with a National Certificate in Social Services, National Diploma in Social Work and Bachelor of Social Work (biculturalism in practice) degree, with the release in 2009 of a Graduate Diploma in Professional Supervision (biculturalism in practice), which supports a number of sectors and not just social services.

Whirikökä campus in Gisborne.

There are 660 Te Wänanga o Aotearoa tauira nationwide studying social services this year, an increase of almost 100 tauira from last year. Kerry says while the high interest by tauira is pleasing, it’s not a good sign for New Zealand society. “Sadly, this trend indicates the need for more qualified social work practitioners within Aotearoa New Zealand.” In New Zealand, the principal providers of social services are government or governmentfunded agencies, notably Ministry of Justice, Child Youth and Family Service, District Health Boards and a myriad of community-based organisations including iwi organisations. There are 12,000 social service non-Government organisations employing 30,000 employees and a number of Te Wänanga o Aotearoa social service graduates are securing work in Australia and England. “Australia is especially robust with its recruiting of Te Wänanga o Aotearoa graduates because there is a need for its social services sector to address issues facing its indigenous people,” she says. HE PAETAHI





An afternoon with Sandy Adsett Nä Ngapine Te Ao

Sandy Adsett (Ngáti Kahungunu) has been one of the primary shakers in the development of contemporary Máori art since the 1950s. He continues to share his immense knowledge and experience with artists, including tauira on the degree programme offered by Te Wánanga o Aotearoa. Ngapine Te Ao, who is a curator, artist and Sandy’s long-time friend, spent an afternoon with him and gives us this personal insight into the man, the artist and the teacher.


vercast winter’s day. Heretaunga. Here I am. ‘Toimairangi’ is painted in large letters with the flick of a koru above the door. End of the week. Now, in the door. Ah, there he is. A smile dances across his face, “How are you? I’m just dealing with some clothes I threw together before going up to Raupunga a couple of weeks ago. You look well; sit down, tea or coffee? The scones are fresh.” I’m here to interview Mäori artist Sandy Adsett, MNZM. I look around. It’s a small office shared with the site administrator, Casey Whaitiri-Tapara, who has her teething mokopuna in a stroller beside her computer. Sandy returns with the mugs and he looks at the baby. “No smiles today,” he murmurs. On his desk are six small cut-outs of some köwhaiwhai designs, recognisably Adsett. There’s that emerald jade green in the patterns. In front of the bookcase are





a couple of painted peg boards for tukutuku. There are a dozen small paintings – the work of tauira propped up against another shelf. “Te Puna Mätauranga has asked for them and I’ve told people who want art work, we’re not a factory,” he later tells me. But I’ve seen this all before – in the early eighties in the Education Centre at Gisborne, where children’s art was prominently displayed. I’ve seen that same light emerald green being woven on painted peg board – there in the Bright Street office by Lady Lorna Ngata and the Mäori Women’s Welfare League ladies for the then new Gisborne Hospital. Thirty years later, Sandy is settling into his armchair with his mug – all set to have a natter. Hel-lo. I’m thinking nothing has changed. Sandy, who in 2002 was honoured by Te Wänanga o Aotearoa with an adjunct professorship, in 2006 gained his masters degree and more recently

was awarded an MNZM. I realise he is going to talk about his work, not the many honours. Doing an interview seems to have slipped his mind. He wants to talk about what I’ve been doing. I tell him that this is an interview about him. He turns around to look at me and in a familiar gruff voice says, “Let’s get it done.” I snatch and butter one of those inviting scones. After 40 plus years teaching, Sandy should be enjoying his retirement. It’s a question I instantly discard, because a busy hum pervades the kura and as I take a bite from the delicious date scone, it strikes me how comfortable I am. This is the Sandy I know; there has always been kai. He is the consummate host and the last word in manaakitanga. Of all the awards, we can ponder that later. This humble man is not going to tell me. What is he doing here? And as I ponder that, somewhat to my relief, Sandy takes over the interview. He tells me, “After 40 plus years in the Advisory and nine years at Toihoukura, it was time for me to move from Tairäwhiti and back to my own iwi. Toihoukura allowed for Mäori art, but Te Wänanga o Aotearoa is a Mäori institution supporting Mäori art for Mäori. Our contemporary Mäori arts programme, Toimairangi, started at Te Wänanga Whare Tapere o Takitimu. However, in less than a year, Jacob Scott approached me to come under Te Wänanga o Aotearoa and I could see major support being offered. Under Te Wänanga o Aotearoa, we could engage with the national arts echelon, regionally, as an iwi through to hapü and to our own marae. “Offering qualifications is the justification for the programme, but what Mäori art means to us, its values, and the breadth, its connections from the national level to the marae – are all equally important.

The kaupapa is as strong as ever.” Listening to Sandy‘s enthusiasm, one can’t help but be drawn into the message. It’s been a singular focus – his drive for Mäori visual art, its continuity and the development of the art forms. This is unspoken, however, as he continues: “It’s the engagement with the community at all levels that the profile for the programme has grown. Through the exhibitions, for example, people are beginning to enjoy what they see and this gives tauira confidence.” A key insight here is Sandy’s ability to see opportunities within the community for the tauira.

Offering qualifications is the justification for the programme, but what Mäori art means to us, its values, and the breadth, its connections from the national level to the marae – are all equally important. The kaupapa is as strong as ever.

“They are getting responses from all quarters. Moreover, the art has to stand up – it has to be good art-making. They have a subject and we can give them the techniques. It’s about getting a respect for the art and mastering it.” At this point of the interview, the experience of the teacher comes through. His younger colleague, Chris Bryant, reaffirms that his own teaching processes have been learnt, not from a textbook, but through his observation of someone who has worked from the primary service through to adult education. While it is Sandy’s view that it’s the positivity of tauira about their work that is fostering the programme, it is his teaching practices and expectations about standards that build the programme. A hallmark feature of Toimairangi’s positivity is the whänauorientated approach.

“Koru” 1976 Acrylic on board 1000 x 1000 mm Private Collection.

(Top painting) “Te Swing” 2000 Acrylic on canvas 1000 x 800 mm Collection of Te Wänanga o Aotearoa.




Sandy Adsett with tauira Helen Rangihuna (brown beanie), Nina Lambert (obscured), Charlie Lambert, Amelia Lambert and Marina Thornton

Bryant says he is a father figure. “We often end up at Sandy’s place for a meal after a function, like graduation – that’s kaimahi, tauira, everybody.” Sandy says, “I’ve been fortunate. I did a year after training college with Gordon Tovey and then we worked with Mäori artists like Pine Taiapa.” The illustrious name of the master carver enters the conversation and its effect transports me yet again to the kaupapa. It is Sandy’s generation, and a few from the next, who saw first-hand the great marae revitalisation period of last century with the building of new meeting houses, halls and churches under Taiapa and Sir Apirana Ngata. Being grounded in marae project work, Sandy was privileged to take a leading role in the building of his marae, Te Huki, in the eighties. I ask him how everything’s going at Raupunga. Referring to the loss of the marae complex through a devastating fire, he says, “It was a sad time. People looked at me and thought I would fall apart. The loss of the 1880s whare, ‘Hineringa’, was the worst. Now, we are all energised. I tend to work in a manner that allows me to do the required work. 14




Rauangi Kaiako Heeni Kerekere from the Raroera campus (left) watches on as Sandy Adsett works with tauira Okeroa Ranga.

I don’t engage in any strong tikanga because I don’t like to restrict anyone – because the culture doesn’t allow you to. With Pine, the first thing he did when building marae for iwi was say, ‘I’m here to be part of a team and I’ll do what’s required, but I’ll be exempt from any tapu.’ You need the freedom and I was advised not to engage in any strong tikanga because you don’t have the protection like the old people did. Why stop our women from going onto a building site? It’s a building site. Women are major players with fostering the mahi and balancing the protocols for the hapü.” I look at the new designs for Te Huki beside me and see that some things remain, for example, the tikanga in the art. The shapes of the maunga and the fern in the old designs are retained, but the palette has been updated to 2009, so the new work reflects the tawhito and answers the challenge of the present to stretch ever more boundaries. It occurs to me that Sandy has done hundreds of these designs. I prompt him by referring to the innovations done for the old Te Huki. He responds with, “We have endeavoured to give these designs a

whakatauki. Tïmoti Käretu has assisted us in realising the Mäori.” And, as he accurately predicts my next question, about his own work, he deflects the conversation back to the tauira. “I enjoy teaching and its rewards. It’s measured against what I am doing in my own work and I’d rather have that balance.” Te Wänanga o Aotearoa protects both kaimahi and tauira with a kaupapa based on Mäori thinking. The tauira are like a family. For instance, we are all working together and if something needs fixing, we fix it with a Mäori approach, and it’s respected.” Michelle Mataira, who is also a kaiako at the kura, pops in and Casey’s fingers are still tapping diligently. It’s after 5pm. We talk briefly about this and that, but today I’m reflecting that I’ve been honoured with a glimpse of someone extraordinary. Sandy Adsett is like Täne Mahuta, the forest giant. In his branches are many whänau and we have barely touched upon his vast contributions in education, the arts, his own work, here and abroad. There’s more mahi at Raupunga this weekend. I’m totally satiated – the warmth, the körero, the scones. “Is that it?” he smiles.

HOME-BASED LEARNING PROGRAMMES REACH A NEW HIGH In July this year, MO 1 Limited, the highly successful subsidiary of Te Wánanga o Aotearoa, celebrated the enrolment of it’s 100,000th tauira to its mixed mode delivery programmes. For the team at MO 1 it was a time for reflection on, and acknowledgement of the huge impact programmes like Mahi Ora, ESOL and Mauri Ora have had in re-igniting a passion for learning in tens of thousands of tauira throughout Aotearoa.


he most successful programme, Mahi Ora - ‘Your Life’s Work’, is a 12-month home-based personal development programme that is fee-free. It helps tauira look at different aspects of their life, including personal growth and relationships, health, finances, future business ideas, education choices and life goals. MO 1 General Manager and Te Wänanga o Aoteaoa Kaihautü, Kingi Wetere (Ngäti Maniapoto), says the success of the organisation’s programmes has come from identifying and meeting the needs of the many communities it serves. “People can be faced with many obstacles when it comes to education. Language, time constraints, location, previous qualifications and financial pressures are just some of the things that may hold potential tauira back from pursuing their dreams of further education.” MO 1 is focused on breaking down some of these barriers. Kingi says MO 1 provides a stepping stone for tauira, be that to new careers and employment opportunities or to further study.

He says MO 1 has remained focused on assessing community needs and developing solutions to meet those needs. This includes the review and redevelopment of existing programmes, and the development of new programmes. It is a philosophy that will see the launch of a number of programmes in the coming years, including Papa Ako - a nine-month, homebased, part-time learning programme, without fees, for tauira who are considering tertiary study for the first time or who have not studied in a while. The national pilot for Papa Ako was launched in September 2009, with the programme designed to enable tauira to engage successfully in tertiary education. The programme is delivered over three modules:

Kete Two – Study skills and strategies, research skills and strategies, ancient whare wänanga, relaxation techniques and literacy development; and Kete Three – Career options, educational pathways, research skills and strategies, family learning and literacy development. Kingi says being a national leader in homebased education, with a vision of bringing education to the people, is not a mantle that the organisation takes for granted. “The philosophy is about ‘no barriers’ – people can study from the East Coast up to the North Cape. We will continue to seek to raise the educational skills of all New Zealanders.”

Kete One – Accelerated learning techniques, goal setting, traditional forms of learning and literacy development; HE KUPU WHAKAATU





Cutting a Track Nä Alice Te Puni ngä whakaahua.

It was a glorious winter’s day when the green light was given to find out first-hand what makes the mighty Papatoa chainsaw roar.





Jason Hemaloto (Ngäti Porou)

Alfonso Lima (Ngäti Porou)

Te Wánanga o Aotearoa tauira get hands-on experience in the majestic Wharerata Forests near Gisborne. During a rare moment ‘chillaxin’, the young tauira (Jason Hemaloto, Alfonso Lima and Te Ua Mairangi) share their thoughts on their work. They reckon cable logging is a ‘gritty’ business; only the super-motivated will survive the programme and the mud is a pain. The Papatoa forestry programme, one of Aotearoa’s leading cable logging training providers, will soon be offered in eighteen Te Wánanga o Aotearoa campuses around the country.

Te Ua Mairangi (Ngäti Kahungunu)





Nä Ngähiwi Apanui



ä Te Wänanga o Aotearoa ngä kaumätua tokotoru o Ngäi Tühoe i whakawhiwhi ki te Tohu Kura Waka o Te Wänanga o Aotearoa mö tö rätau takohanga ki te whakaora i te reo Mäori.

Nä Kïngi Tuheitia räua ko Te Pouhere, a Bentham Ohia i tuku te tohu whakahirahira nei ki Te Ahorangi Tïmoti Käretu, Te Ahorangi Wharehuia Milroy me Te Ahorangi Pou Temara i te Huinga Toiroa i te marama o Pipiri i Kirikiriroa. E noho takohanga ana ngä tokotoru tapu nei mö te whakaaranga ake me te whakahaere o Te Panekiretanga o Te Reo Mäori, i raro i te mana o Te Wänanga o Aotearoa. Kei a Tïmoti te tukunga o te reo, kei a Wharehuia räua ko Pou te wähanga ki ä tätau tikanga. Mai i te wä i noho ai a Te Ahorangi Tïmoti Käretu i te poari o Te Taurawhiri i te Reo Mäori, i mau tonu ki tana moemoeä kia whakatüria he kura kairangi i te reo Mäori. Näna te akomanga tuatahi i te Pipiri o 2004, ä, e rima tau i muri mai, e kaikaha ana te tokomaha ki ngä hua o te akoranga nei.

TE WIKI O TE REO MÁORI Ki Te Wánanga o Aotearoa, ko Te Wiki o te Reo Máori (27 o Pipiri – 2 o Here-turi-kóká)

he huarahi whakatairanga i te reo Máori ki te hapori. Huri noa i te motu, i puta ai ngá kaimahi ki ngá kura, i tuku i ngá akoranga reo Máori mó te kore utu, á, i whakawhitiwhiti hoki i te kai me te kórero. Me mihi ka tika ki ngá kaimahi i kawe haere i te rongopai ki te tini me te mano. Kia titiro tátau ki étahi o ngá kaupapa auaha o térá wiki.

Ko Pou Temara rätau ko Wharehuia Milroy ko Tïmotu Käretu i te Huinga Toiroa.

Kia matatü koutou mö tërä putanga o KA MIHARO, mö ngä körero e pä ana ki ngä äkonga, ngä paetahi me ngä kaiako o Te Panekiretanga o Te Reo.







kï ana ëtahi, pai ake te ako i te reo tuarua i a koe e tamariki tonu ana. He aha hoki e tü atu i te whakataetae whakakarakara pukapuka hei whakatenatena i ä tätau tamariki ki te ako i tö tätau reo?

te whakataetae. He Ähia, he Uiui, he Mäori, he Päkëhä hoki i wikitoria mai i ngä töpito katoa o te motu.

I tuku Te Wänanga o Aotearoa i ëtahi pänui whakaahua me ngä kaupapa ki ngä kura tuatahi rua rau. I tonoa ngä tamariki kia whakakarakara i ngä whakaahua, kia kimi anö hoki i te kupu Päkehä mö te rärangi o ngä kupu Mäori.

Ko te taenga ake o ngä kaimahi o Te Wänanga o Aotearoa ki ö rätau kura te tino painga ki ngä kaiwhiwhi paraihe. I whakawhiwhia ki a rätau ngä pühera kikï ana i te pukapuka whakamämarama, te täkaro papa, te taonga tïni ähua, te köpae waiata me te käri takoha a Huia.

Hei tä Davina Hughes, Kaiwhakahaere Manaaki Kiritaki Matua, i hängai te titiro a Te Wänanga o Aotearoa ki ngä kura auraki ki te whakatenatena i te hunga kore möhio ki te reo,“kia körero i te reo Mäori”. Ko ngä tamariki mai i te rima tau ki te 13 tau te pakeke i uru ki

Hei tä Davina, “He miriona tära” te ähua o ngä kaiwhiwhi paraihe. Ka whakaputa Te Wänanga o Aotearoa i ëtahi tänga rahi o ngä pänui whakaahua i wikitoria, ä, i whakahokia ënei ki ngä kaiako hei rauemi reo Mäori mö ö rätau akomanga.





hihï ngä tötiti, i mitimiti ngutu ëtahi, ä i whakarärangi ngä tängata i te tiriti matua o te Taone Awa ina tukua ai e te röpü o Whanganui tä rätau kaupapa whakanui i Te Wiki i te Reo Mäori arä “Tötiti Utu Kore”.

tuku ngä kaiako o Te Ara Reo Mäori o te Papaiöea i ngä kauhau whakaawe ki ngä tängata, e pai ana ki te whakarongo, i ngä whare pukapuka tümatanui o te rohe. I tïmata a Chris Taingahue, kaiako o Taranaki, i te wiki me te whakatakotoranga whakaawe i te whare pukapuka o Puke Ariki i Ngämotu.

Nä te tuku mai i tëtahi kupu Mäori, tëtahi kïanga, tëtahi waiata ränei i whiwhi tötiti ai te iwi. Näna anö i puta ai te mahana, te puku kata me ngä mahara pai, pümau tonu.

I ngä rä e rua, i whakatakoto kaupapa a ia ki ngä tängata nui ake i te ono tekau. Kei te rikarika te tokomaha o aua tängata ki te rëhita mö te akoranga ä te tau e tü mai nei.

Ko te tau tuawhä tënei kaupapa e haere ana i runga i te tiriti. Përä i ngä tau o mua, he kaupapa whakamïharo te whakawhitiwhiti körero me te kai i whakatairangatia ai tö tätau reo me te whakawhanaunga atu ki te hapori.

Ko Chris Taingahue i te whare pukapuka o Puke Ariki.

Leanne Kerehoma i te hunga mätakitaki ki I taua wä hoki i te whare pukapuka o ngä ähuatanga papai o Te Ara Reo Mäori. Te Papaiöea, i whakangahau ngä tokorua Ko te katakata me ngä tängata rikarika ki nei a Kiritana Hautapu Fonotoe räua ko te rëhita ä tërä tau te hua.

Ki a koutou o Papaiöea, ka mau kë te wehi! HE WHÁRIKI REO




TE TATANGI O TE KÍ Nä Paraone Gloyne

In this section of ‘KA MIHARO’, Te Reo Máori adviser and kapa haka exponent Paraone Gloyne (Raukawa) will look at well-known waiata and poetic devices such as whakataukí and tongi that are used frequently at Te Wánanga o Aotearoa. Paraone will explain their meaning and origin, and look at appropriate times to use these waiata and sayings. In this first issue, he has chosen a well-known tongikura. A tongi or tongikura is a prophetic saying associated with the people of Tainui and the Kíngitanga. It is a type of whakatauákí (tribal proverb) which, in the right context, can be recited by anybody.

‘Ki te kotahi te käkaho ka whati, ki te käpuia, e kore e whati.’ ‘When reeds stand alone they are vulnerable, but bound together they are unbreakable.’

THE MUSICAL SOUND The section heading, ‘te tatangi o te kï’ literally means ‘the musical sound’. It is a reference to Sir Apirana Ngata’s introduction to Ngä Möteatea, a famous collection of traditional waiata Mäori from all around the country. The phrase ‘te tatangi o te kï’ refers to the way skilled Mäori language orators and composers use few words to convey a multitude of meaning. Here is the reference to the phrase of ‘te tatangi o te kï’ in Ngä Möteatea:

HEI WHAKAMÁRAMA This is one of the numerous tongikura of Kïngi Tawhiao, the second Mäori King. He was well-known for his sayings, many of which are still reiterated in whaikörero on the marae of Tainui waka and across Aotearoa. This particular tongi was expressed to inspire his people to unite, to come together and support one another despite the hardships of that time. It still holds significance today, and is appropriate to use when reinforcing the universal value of kotahitanga (unity).

“Kei ngä waiata ka kitea te tohungatanga a ö tätau tïpuna ki te whakatakoto i ngä kupu o te reo Mäori... Ki tä mua ia i köpakina ngä tikanga maha ki ngä kupu ruarua, anö he whakataukï te reka, te tohunga, tatangi o te kï” (page xvii). The English translation is: “In these songs the poetical genius of our ancestors is made evident in their use of the Mäori language... In former times a wealth of meaning was clothed within a word or two as delectable as a proverb in its poetical form and in its musical sound.” (page xxiii) Reference: Ngata A.T, Jones Pei Te Hurinui: Ngä Möteatea The Songs Part One (1959), Reprinted 2007, Auckland University Press





People perish but the land remains

Kówhai Consulting manages a degree programme in iwi environmental management at Te Wánanga o Aotearoa. It’s a kaupapa that is becoming increasingly important for New Zealand, and particularly for whánau, hapú and iwi who want to retain their kaitiakitanga role over their natural environment. Programmes in iwi environmental management have been offered at Te Wánanga o Aotearoa since 2001, but the results of the degree programme are only just starting to take effect. ‘KA MIHARO’ catches up with the ‘architect’ of the programme and some former graduates.




Liz Proctor remembers a day when she could fish for mullet in the Rotokákahi River near Pawarenga. However, those days are long gone and the river no longer the clean tributary it once was. It is now a dirty wash of brown water and Liz has doubts as to whether she will ever want to eat the fish caught from it again. As a young girl, Liz was determined to learn as much as she could. Her parents knew that in order for their child to thrive in this world she needed a good education and so, as a young teenager, they pushed her to walk in the Pákehá world. “They were very much telling us to go and learn the Pákehá ways,’’ she says. But while Liz was determined to make her parents proud, she always felt there was something missing.






t wasn’t until she started the Iwi Environmental Management programme at Te Wänanga o Aotearoa in 2005 that she realised what it was. Liz says the reason she did the programme was to get back in touch with her Mäoritanga and to find herself. “The first year is about getting that really indepth understanding about the environment, and the first thing I experienced was that wairuatanga. And at the end of the day, it really helped me connect with my Mäoritanga. “I realised that, for me to function effectively in our own hapü and in our own lands, I needed to know my reo.” The three-year programme was hard slog, but Liz loved every minute of it. “In the third year, we had to write 5,000-word assignments, but what it did was teach us to research properly.” She graduated from the programme in 2007 with a degree and, while she lives in Tauranga, she knows she will go home to the shores of Rotokakahi one day so that her iwi, Te Rarawa, can benefit from her skills.

“Mäori have always had a natural affinity with the land. Many consider themselves to be guardians rather than owners. The responsibility of being a guardian is to ensure that the next generation has the same chance to explore the land and its resources as those who have gone before,” she says. It was with this realisation that Erita felt compelled to sign up for study towards the Bachelor of Iwi Environmental Management in 2006. By 2008, she had another degree under her belt, and now she helps teach parts of the programme. She says the programme has changed her life, and she encourages anybody who has a passion for their iwi or the land to get involved in the programme. “Although I’ve been in education all my life, this was a totally new scene. The kaupapa, terms, language, context were all new. It was just an amazing, challenging experience.”



The programme is designed to educate both Mäori and non-Mäori in the practice of environmental management from a Mäori perspective. It was created by Hamilton company Köwhai Consulting Ltd.

Erita Kingi is a former tauira and now a part-time kaiako on the programme. For many years the Ngäti Tamaterä descendant was a primary school teacher. She even did a stint as a principal.

Operations Manager, Melita Whaiapu, from Ngäti Raukawa, says it was a long road getting the programme up and running, but she is proud of what they have been able to achieve.

But with the ever expanding demand on the land and its resources, Erita realised it wasn’t much use giving children a basket of knowledge if the world’s natural resources were at breaking point.

“Many of our people want to be able to go home with skills that can help their hapü and iwi. This is one of those tohu you are able to do that with after you graduate,” says Melita.

Nä Andrew Warner ënei whakaahua. Liz Proctor.

Erita Kingi.

The programme has been through a series of adjustments, but, throughout, the foundations have always been kaitiakitanga and whanaungatanga. It began as a two-year diploma in 2001 and Te Wänanga o Aotearoa was named as the preferred provider. Now there are three levels to the programme including a oneyear certificate, a two-year diploma and a three-year degree. Melita says it gives people the choice - if the certificate provides them with all they need, then they’ll still hold a qualification, but if they feel they want to know more about environmental planning, they can come back.

With many iwi and hapü settling Treaty of Waitangi claims, Melita says the knowledge gleaned from this programme would help in settlement negotiations and managing natural resource rights.

Melita says, “If you have to stand up in the Environment Court or at a local council meeting, then you need to be articulate and you have to make sure that you know what you’re talking about before you go into a fight.’’

“Tauira who decide to carry on into the third year have a chance to explore concepts further and develop their own ideas,’’ she says.

Melita says the programme’s kaiako are specialists in their field.


“We contract them in and that way they still get to work in their areas, because the landscape is always changing and the people involved in this area need to be up-to-date with what’s happening, not only here in New Zealand, but also all over the world.

Melita says the demand for the programme is definitely growing and she is sure that, with the complexities surrounding the Resource Management Act (RMA), the need for such a programme will continue to grow. The Resource Management Act is one of the subjects covered in the diploma, but tauira often find spending the extra year helps to cement that knowledge. A range of sections within the RMA that provide for Mäori interests, but it is a matter of understanding the legislation. The programme also teaches people to be able to stand up in front of others and deliver a comprehensive, wellresearched message.

“That’s why our lecturers and kaiako travel, and talk with people overseas. That way they are always bringing back new information. It’s fantastic for them and it’s fantastic for our tauira.’’ With many iwi and hapü settling Treaty of Waitangi claims, Melita says the knowledge gleaned from this programme would help in settlement negotiations and managing natural resource rights. “Tribes are able to manage those assets better if they have people with the right skills in their organisations.”






Working with the people Nä Hira Nathan


‘KA MIHARO’ reporter Hira Nathan spent the day with renowned waka expert Hoturoa Kerr (Tainui) at this year’s Coronation in August, where they discussed the role of Te Wánanga o Aotearoa in celebrations such as these, and the increasing popularity of waka.

© Waikato – Tainui Te Kauhanganui Inc.

very year thousands of people descend on Túrangawaewae Marae in Ngáruawáhia to celebrate Koroneihana. They mourn the lost, go to battle on the sports field and enjoy an event steeped in over 150 years of tradition.

Hoturoa Kerr at Waitangi Celebrations 2009.

HIRA: Why do you feel it’s important for Te Wänanga o Aotearoa to be present at the Koroneihana? HOTUROA: It comes down to being involved in all Mäori kaupapa; it’s about being involved in a whole spectrum of activities that are important to our people. It’s important that we ask people what they want. What better way to find out what people need and want than by getting out into the community and being part of events such as the Koroneihana? Our main role at the Koroneihana is helping in the kitchen, being on the door at events,





tidying up, providing equipment, setting it up and taking it down, and things like that. It’s about doing the mahi, and in doing that mahi we show support for our people. HIRA: What’s the relationship between Tainui and Te Wänanga o Aotearoa? HOTUROA: It’s not like there is a specific role; there’s no formal agreement between Te Wänanga o Aotearoa and Tainui. I think there is a general understanding of where the identity of each is, and how everyone can assist, so when the opportunity arises we can work together to achieve the desired outcome.

Te Wänanga o Aotearoa is not just an institution to educate our people, but to participate with our people and learn from our people.

We also have strong links within our community with campuses in Tokoroa, Te Küiti, Huntly, Hamilton - all over the motu. Tied up within that community is a strong passion for waka. So what better way to get involved with the community than by getting involved in waka kaupapa. HIRA: How does the Te Wänanga o Aotearoa involve itself with waka kaupapa in the community? HOTUROA: With waka we have a wide network of people who can help with things like marshalling, back-up teams, paddlers, and at the same time we have real experts in all sorts of fields. Apart from contributing at waka events, we now offer a Te Tohu Whakangungu Kaihoe Waka programme, where tauira can learn all about traditional and modern waka practices. Te Wänanga o Aotearoa operates with a philosophy of ‘transformation through education’ and waka is a great vehicle for that because it pulls people in, teaches them

how to work together, and inspires people on so many different levels. It’s that same thing again - Te Wänanga o Aotearoa is not just an institution to educate our people but to participate with our people, and learn from our people. HIRA: Why do you think there has been such a resurgence in waka ama numbers? HOTUROA: Many Mäori may not be able to tell you this is my marae, these are my tüpuna, but they can tell you that our people came here on this waka. From that we get the resurgence of waka ama and as a result you get lifestyle changes. People are going to the gym, eating well, not taking drugs and drinking less alcohol, and then they want to learn the history, tikanga and all the things that come with waka. So as things have developed, Te Wänanga o Aotearoa has worked with that. HIRA: Have you always been passionate about waka?

I’ve paddled waka ama competitively in Hawai’i, paddled around the Pacific and I’ve been involved in waka all over the world. I was lucky enough to be involved in Te Aurere when it sailed around the Pacific. I’ve been able to use Te Aurere to teach and inspire rangatahi and they have then gone on to be crew members on the waka. I’m in a position now where I can build on things people like Hector Busby have taught me over the years and be supportive of some of the initiatives that our tohunga have put in place. HIRA: What inspires that passion for waka? HOTUROA: Waka for me is a direct link to our tüpuna. Waka encompasses the power, knowledge and greatness that our tüpuna had and we can be part of that. It inspires people; it brings people together and allows not only iwi, but the wider community as well to be part of something really positive and uplifting.

HOTUROA: Yeah I have. I’ve been on waka at Türangawaewae since I was a little kid. © Waikato – Tainui Te Kauhanganui Inc. ënei whakaahua.

Leading the waka taua at Koroneihana 2008.

Teaching tauira at the marae.





Ö TÁTOU WÁNANGA Nau mai, haere mai ki Te Wánanga o Aotearoa ki Porirua! Te Wánanga o Aotearoa has more than 80 campuses spread around the motu. In this regular section, we’ll take a closer look at the places people teach and study in every day. In this issue, ‘KA MIHARO’ sends out Puawai Swindells to find out more about the history and environment at one of our larger campuses.


’m greeted by Uenuku, the aluminium and concrete pou whenua that stands proud and tall at the front of Porirua campus. It tells a universal story of peace and, like Te Wänanga o Aotearoa, it is a contemporary take on a traditional taonga. The modern entrance has glass walls on either side, and I listen to the körero of kaumätua Anaru Totorewa (Ngäti Porou) about how this place has prevailed from humble beginnings. “This Whakaeke was prescribed for us,” he says, “deliberately built to inspire and be open to anyone and any light.”





This Whakaeke was prescribed for us... deliberately built to inspire and be open to anyone and any light.


e arrive at the reception area, which displays many different art forms created by past and present tauira. A prominent waka to my right depicts two great warriors, Te Rauparaha and his uncle Te Rangihaeata of Ngäti Toa Rangatira, who took over this rohe by conquest. The tauihu (prow) of this waka is a black swan, said to be the kaitiaki of Porirua Harbour, and the taurapa (stem) is a wheke (octopus) representing all three tribes of the wider area: Toa Rangatira, Te Ätiawa and Ngäti Raukawa.

It’s present building, which some still refer to as the Todd Complex, was once a car assembly plant for Todd Motors Corporation, but now, and for almost seven years since the opening in 2002, the facility houses kaiako and tauira working in a creative atmosphere guided by tikanga Mäori.

There are few blank spaces in the building; paintings, raranga installations, murals made by tauira and carvings line the insides of this busy learning environment. Tohu aroha are often given to the campus and are honoured on display.

Tauira here are influenced by the innovation and creativity that clearly emanates from their surroundings. Their study is supported by kaiako, free computer access, library services, tauira support and space to realise their own ideas and perceptions.

The Regional Manager of Te Tai Tonga, Matthew Maynard, is one of the surviving inaugural staff members at Te Wänanga o Aotearoa ki Porirua and he recalls how their first building was at the old Porirua mental hospital nearby.

Matt Maynard and Academic Manager, Emma Brodie, would like to see Porirua and the other Te Tai Tonga campuses become the location of choice for tauira who want to engage in supported study.

Everything is accessible, including the management team, who have an open-door policy whenever they’re in the office. “There is a focus on improvement and reaching new levels,” explains Matt.

Matt Maynard and Academic Manager, Emma Brodie, would like to see Porirua and the other Te Tai Tonga campuses become the location of choice for tauira who want to engage in supported study. Emma says “Staff here are always encouraged. Working in a dynamic Mäori environment means staff can live outside the box, be proactive and generate good ideas.”

The Porirua campus offers a variety of programmes that are responsive to community needs and professional development, including Business Management, Computing, Mahi Ora, Mauri Ora, Máori Performing Arts, Raranga, Te Reo Máori and Social Work. The campus is located at 3-5 Heriot Drive, just opposite the North City Mall in Porirua. It is a 20 minute drive from central Wellington. Ö TÁTOU WÁNANGA





There’s a movement, a movement on the street... It’s easy to spot Te Wánanga o Aotearoa staff who have signed up for the Global Corporate Challenge (GCC); they’re wearing cross-trainers and striding out on their own or in groups during lunch-breaks. It’s a new ritual that’s happening at Te Wánanga o Aotearoa campuses all over the country, and it’s a sign that the Tau Ora programme is working.


ealth and Safety Manager, Leesah Murray, says the GCC is “at the heart of the Tau Ora programme” and she’s thrilled with the uptake from staff.

Waiariki Regional Manager Neville King is a convert, he enjoys the competitive aspects of the GCC. A directive from Te Puna Mätauranga spurred him into action.

“We have had around half our fulltime kaimahi on the Wellness programme since its launch in May”, says Leesah.

“The Regional Managers were told that we were all carrying too much weight”, laughs Neville. “And we needed to lead by example!”

The programme includes free flu vaccinations, free medical checks, a paid volunteer day, supporting a kaiako in a classroom environment, training, an annual staff warrant of fitness and entry into the GCC. As an employer with a high proportion of Mäori and Pacific Island staff, Te Wänanga o Aotearoa has been keen to establish a Wellness programme that supports improved health among its kaimahi. “We hope that the positive changes our staff are making will in turn benefit their whänau, hapü and iwi”, says Leesah. Armed with a pedometer, staff form teams of seven and clock up their collective steps. So far, Te Wänanga o Aotearoa teams have walked 170,500 kilometres since May. 28

Some of the Pork Bones ‘n’ Pühä steppers: Shanon Wafer, Murray Rillstone, Neville King, Moana Miller and Joseph Marsters.




Neville has lost weight, eats healthier kai and leads a much more active lifestyle. His weekday training involves two gym sessions, a two-hour walk or run and a lunchtime walk with his team ‘Pork Bones ‘n’ Pühä’. He’s already completed three halfmarathons, including one with Te Pouhere, Bentham Ohia. Neville and Delivery Kaihautü Turi Ngatai are now looking at training for the Rotorua marathon in 2010. “I’ve had a lot of support and that’s really the major difference between this and other programmes. I’ve seen some awesome changes in my staff. They’re much more active and energetic.”

The Tau Ora programme is open to all permanent Te Wánanga o Aotearoa kaimahi and fixed-term kaimahi of six months or more. If you want to know more about Tau Ora, check out the intranet link on Te Kete or contact the Health and Safety Unit at Te Puna Mátauranga. Phone 07 872 0315 or email to



e Wánanga o Aotearoa has recently appointed two new Regional Managers to lead the staff in the Támaki Makaurau/Tai Tokerau and Whirikóká regions. Both of these appointees bring extensive experience and fresh enthusiasm to Te Wánanga o Aotearoa.

Yvonne O’Brien (Ngäti Ranginui, Ngäti Pikiao, Ngäti Awa) was appointed Tämaki Makaurau/ Tai Tokerau Regional Manager in January 2009. She has 20 years’ experience in management and leadership in the tertiary sector, including her previous roles as Vice President Community at Unitec and Director of Mäori Education at Bay of Plenty Polytechnic. Evie describes Te Wänanga o Aotearoa as an “extraordinary” place, and she’s impressed with the leadership, passion and commitment staff show towards transforming the lives of whänau. “There’s a special kind of magic, where changing people’s lives is the norm. It’s reflected in the programmes, the delivery style and the support for tauira.” Her strategic goals for the region include integrating that ‘transformative’ culture across the entire leadership of Tämaki Makaurau/ Tai Tokerau, aligning provision of programmes with the needs of tauira, increasing Pacifica participation and strengthening strategic relationships with government agencies, schools, employers and other local providers. Evie has three children: Taniera (28), Eruini (23) and Waimarama (13); and four beautiful mokopuna: Te Ohaaki, Te Kura Tane, Te Raukawa and Rakeiiriroa.

Toby Westrupp (Rongomaiwahine, Rongowhakaata, Te Whänau-a-Apanui) is back at ‘home’ after living away from Gisborne for more than 20 years. Toby says, “When I went away to Te Aute Mäori Boys’ College, I had a lot of people supporting me, so this job is one way of repaying that investment.” Toby trained as a primary teacher and has taught in primary and secondary schools. He’s worked in the Education Advisory Service, and has been a member of New Zealand Teachers’ Council and Ministry of Education Reference Groups. In his former role as the Principal of Paroa School in Whakatäne, he also led Te Akatea (Mäori Principals’ Association) for three years as their President.

Yvonne O’Brien.

Toby believes Te Wänanga o Aotearoa has a great kaupapa, and he’s keen to engage with whänau, marae, hapü and iwi to look at the best ways to help meet their aspirations. After more than 20 years away from Gisborne, Toby is enjoying spending time with his mother and whänau. His hobbies include sport, fishing and outdoor recreation. He and his wife Kim have three children: Jade Te Maeata (16), Maia (14) and Jasmine (6).

Toby Westrupp.







ämaki Makaurau is trialing the Certificate in Vocational Preparation (Police) programme this year. The programme was developed in collaboration with the NZ Police. As well as the standard fitness, numeracy and literacy entry requirements, the Police identified a need to incorporate tikanga Mäori practices as part of the training and development of new recruits. The class of 29 is made up of Mäori, Samoan, Päkehä, and Tongan tauira, of which seven are wähine. After successfully completing the programme, tauira will be better equipped for a future in the New Zealand Police. The programme will be available for other rohe in 2010.

Pöwhiri for the launch of the Police programme at Manukau campus.



Tämaki Makaurau and Te Tai Tokerau kaimahi celebrated Matariki this year by acknowledging some of our ‘stars’ who have been sharing their light with others.

Tämaki Makaurau has been working alongside Pacifica communities in West and South Auckland to provide educational opportunities in the areas of sports, ESOL, computing and business.

The stars for 2009 were:

Darlenna Saia – Operations Administrator Kyle Hunter – MO 1 Marketing/Administrator Damon Heke – MO 1 Kaitiaki Merve Taite – Kaiako (Sports) Emma King – Kaiako (Te Ara Reo Mäori) Pita Morunga – IT Technician Hohepa Ramanui – Kaiako (Te Ara Reo Mäori)

Michael Jones, a well known All Black, and more importantly a leader of the Pacifica peoples, is one that has been integral in the development of the education strategy for Pacifica. One of Michael’s goals is to ignite the dreams and aspirations of youth to become ‘tomorrow’s warriors’. With positive role models such as Tony Lafotanoa and Andrew Blowers, tauira have every opportunity to realise their potential and excel.





PAPAIÖEA New staff member kicks off the Level 2 Sports programme Freshly appointed sports kaiako, Lisa Benson, is the latest addition to the Papaiöea team. Lisa teaches the Certificate in Sports Level 2 programme which was introduced to the Papaiöea region in Semester B. Finalist in the Netball final. Student players from Auckland University and Te Wänanga o Aotearoa netball teams proudly exhibit their hard fought medals.

WAIARIKI Te Wánanga o Aotearoa sporting prowess on show at the Uni Games


aiariki tauira from Te Wänanga o Aotearoa proved themselves to be worthy contenders at the annual Uni Games held in New Plymouth earlier this year. Te Wänanga o Aotearoa entered teams in five codes - basketball, rugby league, netball, cross country and golf. Our teams collected two silver medals for the netball and cross country, as well as a bronze medal for rugby league. Kim King picked up a silver medal for her courageous 10.07 minute run across four kilometres of hilly ground despite carrying an injury. Cross country runner Cody McLean deserves special mention for placing in the top 10 at the men’s cross country against some very strong runners.

Our netball ladies cruised through their pool games, only to lose in the final to Auckland University’s netball academy. Congratulations to Pauline Craven (back row, far left), from the Year 2 Bachelor of Teaching programme, who was named in the netball tournament team. Four members were selected from the rugby league tournament team, which means they may represent New Zealand at the World University Games this year. Congratulations to Apiuta Malua, Vincent Morunga, Andy Taula and Jai Withers on making the team.

Lisa completed her sports studies at the International Pacific College in Palmerston North coming to us with a wealth of experience in both the local and international sports scenes as a FIFA soccer referee, swimming kaiako, YMCA programme developer and coordinator and a long standing senior Manawatu soccer representative. Lisa says, “Sports is me! I’m here to transfer my passion and introduce the limitless opportunities available to my students.” The level 2 certificate in sports is an intensive 18 week bridging programme that covers many relevant aspects of the sports industry at an introductory level. It prepares tauira to enrol on the level 3 certificate programme in applied sports that is also offered at Palmerston North.

Our Waiariki squad is keen to enter the Uni Games which will be held in Otago next year, and bump up our medal tally.


Photo courtesy of

Rotorua Review.

A group of dedicated Mäori language speakers and IT specialists met at the Rotorua campus of Te Wänanga o Aotearoa to discuss Google Aotearoa. The team is following on from the successful Google Mäori launch. Project Manager Potaua Biasiny-Tule says they plan to translate around 8,000 words in total for Google Groups, Picassa2 and Google Wireless. Potaua says, “We all understand that as more and more people develop Mäori language skills, there will be an increasing need to provide new technologies in te reo Mäori.”

Nau mai, haere mai Lisa ki Te Wänanga o Aotearoa! From left: Neville King, Potaua Biasiny -Tule, Dr Te Taka Keegan (front centre), Tania Martin, Nikolasa Biasiny-Tule, Leah Fitzpatrick. (Absent Neihana Matiu, Roka Pukepuke). MAI I NGÁ ROHE




HE MARAMATAKA Mahuru/September 2009 22-10 October

Ngäpuhi settlement hui Nationwide


Te Mata Wänanga Te Rauparaha Arena, Porirua

Whiringa-á-nuku/October 2009 9-11 MÄORI ART MARKet Pätaka Museum Te Rauparaha Arena, Porirua

Whiringa-á-rangi/November 2009 15 Term Four ends

22-4 December

Te Wheke Exhibition – Raranga Tauira Exhibition Porirua campus, Te Wänanga o Aotearoa


Porirua campus Open Day and 2010 Enrolments Porirua campus

Hakihea/December 2009 1-4


He Wänanga Püräkau Toimairangi, Hastings


Kohitátea/January 2010 9-11

Term Four starts

Mäori Language Expo Te Rauparaha Arena, Porirua


Maniapoto Sports Festival Te Küiti



2010 National Waka Ama Club Sprint Champs Lake Karapiro, Cambridge

Courtesy of Toi Mäori Aotearoa.

National Weavers Hui, Takitimu Marae, Wairoa Public day Saturday 24th

Parihaka International Peace Festival Parihaka, Taranaki

Tauira from Te Wänanga o Aotearoa at a previous Weavers National Hui, Te Teko.





Kaimahi from the Porirua campus.

TE PAPA KUPU Glossary of Mäori words ähuatanga appearance houhere industrious kaiako teacher/teachers kaiäwhina an assistant, a helper kaimahi staff, workers käkahu clothing, cloak kaumätua elder/elders kaupapa an issue, a subject kaitiaki a guardian kaitiakitanga guardianship kawa traditional protocol kupu word mahi work manaaki to take care of, host manaakitanga hospitality manu birds mätauranga knowledge, education motu an island noho to sit, to stay together as a group pöhiri/pöwhiri a welcome ceremony raranga weaving rohe region takahi to stamp, trample tauiwi a non-Mäori person tauira a student, an example tawhito old tikanga customs tipuna/tupuna   an ancestor tïpuna/tüpuna   ancestors tohu a sign, to mark, a qualification tohunga   an expert, a skilled person tono to bid, to demand wahine woman wähine women wairuatanga   spirituality waka canoe, vessel whanaungatanga   family relationships whenua land Glossary of Mäori placenames Murihiku Southland Ngämotu New Plymouth Ötautahi Christchurch Papaiöea Palmerston North Tämaki Makaurau   Auckland Te Tai Tokerau Northland Te Tai Tonga Southern region Te Waipounamu South Island Waiariki Eastern Bay of Plenty and Rotorua district Whirikökä Gisborne and East Coast region

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Take pride of place

Koryn Dunstan - Daughter “It wasn’t an easy journey being a full-time student and a full-time Mum, but it’s to her credit and the support of friends, family and the staff at Te W nanga o Aotearoa that she kept pushing through those barriers. You could see her confidence grow and she even started to stand taller.”

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Ka Miharo Issue 1 Koanga 2009  

Ka Miharo is the magazine of Te Wānanga o Aotearoa

Ka Miharo Issue 1 Koanga 2009  

Ka Miharo is the magazine of Te Wānanga o Aotearoa