techcentury A PUBLICATION OF THE ENGINEERING SOCIETY OF DETROIT
V.21 | N.4 WINTER 2016-17
The Evolution of Engineering Education Advancements in Engineering Education: Today’s and Tomorrow’s Classroom 20
Employment Opportunities On The Upswing 24
U of D Opens Innovative Engineering Center 30
BEST GREEN NATION’S BEST NATION’S ONLINE PROGRAMS U.S. News & World Report®
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6 20SCHOOLS BEST TOP 10% Game Design
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016 2016 20162 AMERICA’S BEST COLLEGES BEST COLLEGESBEST U.S. News & World Report®
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Waive your application fee at www.ltu.edu/applyfree.
Lawrence Technological University | Office of Admissions 21000 West Ten Mile Road, Southfield, MI 48075-1058 800.225.5588 | email@example.com | www.ltu.edu
ESD’s Executive Director Robert Magee talks to students about engineering in Detroit at Kettering University during that school’s ESD Student Chapter launch.
techcentury A PUBLICATION OF THE ENGINEERING SOCIETY OF DETROIT
3 4 5 8 9 1 0 6 2 10 5th IN THE NATION11 CIVIL ENGINEERING U.S. News & World Report® 12 13 1 20 6
PUBLICATION NOTES PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE UPCOMING EVENTS & DEADLINES IN MEMORIAM TECH CENTURY IMAGE AWARD MEMBER BENEFIT: ESD JOB BANK MEMBERS IN THE NEWS CORPORATE MEMBER PROFILE ESD CORPORATE MEMBERS
5th IN THE NATION CIVIL ENGINEERING U.S. News & World Report®
14 Advancements in Education 16 Creating the Spark…Youth Programs Encourage Tomorrow’s Industry Leaders
18 Encouraging Young Professional Development is Key to Industry’s Success BY DOUG HAYES
20 Engineering Entrepreneurs BY MATT ROUSH
22 The Role of Online Instruction In Engineering Education
BY YANG ZHAO
24 Lear Partners with CCS and WSU to Create Innovation Center 26 Engineering Employment Opportunities on the Upswing
BY DAVID PALMER
28 12 Lessons for Effective Networking BY TERRY BEAN
30 New Way to Explore: Science Education Gets A Makeover BY JENNIFER DONOVAN
32 $1 Million Alumnus Gift Helps Create U of D Mercy Innovative Engineering Center www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 1
to Succeed University of Detroit Mercyâ€™s College of Engineering & Science
offers flexible Professional and Graduate programs that prepare engineers to become industry leaders and executives in Fortune 500 companies. Working professionals can obtain a respected, high-caliber education that is conveniently offered and within your companyâ€™s tuition reimbursement plan. Advance your career with one of our Professional and Graduate programs: Advanced Electrical Vehicles (AEV), Master of Engineering Management, Master of Science in Product Development (MPD) and Six Sigma Certification.
UDM Tech Century Ad 122016.indd 1
College of Engineering & Science 4001 W. McNichols Road Detroit, MI 48221-3038 firstname.lastname@example.org 800-635-5020 udmercy.edu/engineering
12/2/16 1:26 PM
techcentury V.21 I N4 WINTER 2016-17
20700 Civic Center Drive, Suite 450 • Southfield, MI 48076 248–353–0735 • 248–353–0736 fax • email@example.com • www.esd.org
Technology Century Editorial Board
CHAIR: Thomas M. Doran, PE, FESD, Hubbell, Roth & Clark, Inc. (Retired) CHAIR-ELECT: Gary Kuleck, University of Detroit Mercy Jason Cerbin, Honeywell Energy Services Group Sandra Diorka, Delhi Charter Township Utpal Dutta, PhD, University of Detroit Mercy William A. Moylan, PhD, PMP, FESD, Eastern Michigan University John G. Petty, FESD, General Dynamics (Retired) Dan Romanchik Matt Roush, Lawrence Technological University Michael Stewart, Fishman Stewart Intellectual Property Filza H. Walters, Lawrence Technological University Cyrill Weems, Plante Moran CRESA Anne Williams, Baker College Yang Zhao, PhD, Wayne State University
ESD Board of Directors
PRESIDENT: Douglas E. Patton, FESD, DENSO International America, Inc. VICE PRESIDENT: Daniel E. Nicholson, General Motors Company TREASURER: Steven E. Kurmas, PE, FESD, DTE Energy SECRETARY: Robert Magee, The Engineering Society of Detroit IMM. PAST PRESIDENT: Kouhaila G. Hammer, CPA, Ghafari Associates, LLC MEMBERS AT LARGE: Larry Alexander, Detroit Metro Convention and Visitors Bureau
Katherine M. Banicki, FESD, Testing Engineers and Consultants Michael D. Bolon, FESD, General Dynamics Land Systems (Retired) Patrick J. Devlin, Michigan Building Trades Council Robert A. Ficano, JD, Wayne County Community College District Farshad Fotouhi, PhD, Wayne State University Alec D. Gallimore, PhD, University of Michigan Lori Gatmaitan, SAE Foundation Malik Goodwin, Goodwin Management Group, LLC Marc Hudson, Rocket Fiber Alex F. Ivanikiw, AIA, LEED AP, Barton Malow Company Ali Jammoul, Ford Motor Company Leo C. Kempel, PhD, Michigan State University Scott Penrod, Walbridge Bill Rotramel, AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. Kirk T. Steudle, PE, FESD, Michigan Department of Transportation William J. Vander Roest, PE, ZF TRW Lewis N. Walker, PhD, PE, FESD, Madonna University Terry J. Woychowski, FESD, Link Engineering Company
Technology Century Staff
PUBLISHER: Robert Magee, Executive Director CREATIVE DIRECTOR: Nick Mason, Director of Operations EDITOR: Susan Thwing GRAPHIC DESIGNER: Keith Cabrera-Nguyen
NOTES Thomas M. Doran, PE, FESD Editorial Board Chair Retired, Hubbell, Roth & Clark, Inc. This is my last column as chair of ESD’s editorial board. It’s been an honor and a joy to chair this board and to work with talented editors, supportive ESD staff, and wonderful board members. The editorial board is fortunate to have Gary Kuleck, Dean of the College of Engineering and Science at the University of Detroit Mercy, as our next chair. I’m excited about working with him in 2017. In line with some of the thoughtprovoking subjects TechCentury has explored in recent years is the theme of this issue: “Is the classroom extinct?” No, I’m not talking about big time sports programs at certain unnamed American universities. Rather, we’re examining trends, innovations, and the future of education from various perspectives, with an emphasis on the technical professions. In the age of instant access to unimaginable amounts of information, how do we actually learn something meaningful, and what is the role of our educational institutions in this endeavor? We enjoy hearing from you. You may contact Susan Thwing at firstname.lastname@example.org or me at email@example.com or Dean Kuleck at firstname.lastname@example.org
Technology Century (ISSN 1091-4153 USPS 155-460) , also known as TechCentury, is published four times per year by The Engineering Society of Detroit (ESD), 20700 Civic Center Drive, Suite 450, Southfield, MI 48076. Periodical postage paid at Southfield, MI, and at additional mailing offices. The authors, editors, and publisher will not accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made in this publication. The publisher makes no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the material contained herein. Advertisements in TechCentury for products, services, courses, and symposia are published with a caveat emptor (buyer beware) understanding. The authors, editors, and publisher do not imply endorsement of products, nor quality, validity or approval of the educational material offered by such advertisements. Subscriptions to TechCentury are available to nonmembers for $25 per year. ©2016 The Engineering Society of Detroit
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 3
ESD PRESIDENT MESSAGE
Tomorrow’s Engineers Need YOU Today
o you remember when you first decided to pursue a career in engineering, technology or the sciences? Perhaps it was after your eighth grade science project won first prize, or even earlier as you created structures out of building blocks and Legos, or later in your education, when you discovered you always came up with a better, more efficient way of doing something. Whatever the catalyst, it was a moment of inspiration, encouragement and focus. And it was the beginning—however young you were—of a satisfying, important career. According to an employment outlook presented by Kelly Services, the demand for qualified engineers is going to increase by 11 percent by 2023. Unfortunately, college enrollment is not keeping up with this growth, and as baby boomer engineers retire, qualified candidates will be in demand. Kelly estimates that there will be 249,908 new jobs for engineers by 2023. As leaders in our field, we need to fully engage our young people, and encourage and inspire their interest in this growing, exciting field. There are two ways to do so that require our passionate participation. Curriculum-based programs like Project Lead the Way and A World in Motion are two opportunities for businesses to help develop the employees of tomorrow. At DENSO, for example, we support local schools through Project Lead the Way. Likewise, extra-curricular programs—such as ESD’s upcoming Future City Competition for middle school students—are immensely impactful in inspiring young people just as their minds are fully open, their curiosity peaked, and their creativity at a high level. By engaging in after-school activities, students are able to experience hands-on technological discoveries, challenge themselves to create solutions to engineering questions, and gain powerful understanding of the impact they can make on their world. I urge you to work with your company to explore these opportunities for helping our young people discover a truly fulfilling career path. Whether it’s by providing funding, sharing talent or participating in the programs as a mentor, your gift of time and talent will not be wasted. Here’s to our future engineers! Sincerely,
Douglas E. Patton, FESD ESD President
4 | TechCentury | Summer 2016
ESD UPCOMING EVENTS
ESD’s Michigan PE License Review Courses
Since 1941, ESD has successfully prepared thousands of candidates for the State licensing exams in civil, environmental, mechanical, and electrical engineering. Learn in a small-classroom setting from expert instructors. Let us help prepare you to pass the exam on your first try.
FE REVIEW COURSE
PE REVIEW COURSE
The Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Review Course provides instruction in engineering fundamentals for candidates planning to take the CBT exam. Classes are held Tuesdays and Thursdays, 6-9 p.m., with additional Saturday classes for Civil and Mechanical at ESD headquarters in Southfield. Saturday sessions start on February 18, 2017 (schedule will be provided to registrants). For details or to register, visit www.esd.org or contact Fran Mahoney at 248-353-0735, ext. 116, or email@example.com.
The Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) Review Course consists of 24 hours of instruction, on six half-day Saturday sessions, focusing on problem solving techniques needed for the exam. Classes are on Saturdays at ESD in Southfield. The civil course meets 8:30 a.m.–12:30 p.m. Mechanical, environmental and electrical courses meet 1–5 p.m. The state exam will be held on April 21, 2017. For details or to register, visit www.esd.org or contact Fran Mahoney at 248-353-0735, ext. 116, or firstname.lastname@example.org.
JANUARY 31–APRIL 6, 2017
FEBRUARY 18–MARCH 15, 2017
PE Continuing Education Classes JANUARY 31–APRIL 6, 2017
ESD provides professional engineers in Michigan with opportunities to meet continuing education requirements. Current PEs can take ESD review course classes on an à la carte basis to satisfy state requirements. Over 50 different courses are available to choose from. The instructor-led, three and four-hour courses are taught by academic and industry professionals. All courses are held in the evening on Tuesdays and Thursdays and in the morning and afternoon on Saturdays at ESD Headquarters in Southfield. For more information or to register, visit www.esd.org or contact Elana Shelef at email@example.com or 248-353-0735, ext. 119.
ESD Michigan Regional Future City Competition Judges Needed COMPETITION DAY: MONDAY, JANUARY 23, 2017
Inspire the future by taking part in the Michigan Regional Future City Competition. Future City is a crosscurricular educational program where students work as a team with an educator and volunteer mentor to design a city of the future. The program is designed to engage middle school students’ interest in math, science, and engineering through real-life, practical and hands-on activities. Judges are needed on competition day to evaluate team presentations and models. The competition will take place on January 23, 2017 at the Suburban Collection Showplace in Novi. The training for this phase of judging takes place at 8:00 a.m. The actual judging is from 9–11:00 a.m., when teams display their model cities and three students from each team give a five- to seven-minute presentation to a panel of judges. If you’d like to volunteer, visit www.futurecity.org/register and register as a regional competition judge. Please make sure to choose Michigan as your region. For more information, contact Leslie Smith, CMP, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 248-353-0735, ext. 152.
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 5
ESD UPCOMING EVENTS
Solid Waste Technical Conference WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, 2017
With 320,000 square feet of versatile space, Suburban Collection Showplace features the size, latest amenities and location that enticed Connected Car Technology Conference and Exhibition, TU-Automotive Detroit, to commit to return for a 16th time in 2017. Ever the magnet for innovators, The D is now home to the first-ever U.S. Patent & Trademark satellite office. By connecting our nation’s innovation agency to Michigan’s inventors and entrepreneurs, Detroit is helping spur new growth and opportunities by quickly moving ideas to reality. After all, innovation and a can-do attitude are what the comeback city has always been about.
DISCOVER DETROIT, AMERICA’S GREAT COMEBACK CITY.
TU-Automotive Detroit at Suburban Collection Showplace and Dr. Christal Sheppard, Director, Midwest Regional United States Patent and Trademark Office, Detroit.
6 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
Sponsored by ESD and the Michigan Waste & Recycling Association, the 27th Annual Solid Waste Technical Conference is designed to educate attendees on cutting-edge technological innovations and solutions related to the solid waste industry. The one-day event brings together national experts to present on issues related to policy, new technologies and what the future holds for the industry. A post-conference training day is planned to provide practical guidance and hands-on demonstrations. The conference will be held Wednesday, March 15, 2017, at the Kellogg Hotel & Conference Center in East Lansing, Michigan. The training day will be held on Thursday, March 16, 2017. To register, visit www.esd.org. Sponsorships and exhibitor opportunities are available. For more information contact Leslie Smith, CMP, at email@example.com or 248-353-0735, ext. 152.
2017 DTE/ESD Energy Conference and Exhibition TUESDAY, MAY 9, 2017 CALL FOR PRESENTATIONS DUE JANUARY 29, 2017
In its 20th year, this conference, the only one of its kind in Michigan, is designed to educate small to large commercial and industrial businesses on energy technology, products, and services that will assist them in successful energy management. The event draws close to 800 people every year. You are invited to take an active role in this solutionsbased event by submitting a presentation proposal. Presentation time slots are 30 minutes and can feature a case study or proven example. For more information and submission requirements, visit www.esd.org, or contact Leslie Smith, CMP, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 248-353-0735, ext. 152.
ESD UPCOMING EVENTS ESD Construction & Design Awards ENTRY DEADLINE: FEBRUARY 28, 2017
HONORS & AWARDS
ESD College of Fellows NOMINATION DEADLINE: FEBRUARY 1, 2017
Once again, it is time to nominate ESD members for the prestigious rank of Fellows. Election to the rank of Fellow is one of the highest recognitions that ESD can bestow on one of its members. Candidates must be ESD members in good standing for the past five years. Candidates should possess outstanding and extraordinary qualifications and experiences in his or her profession as evidenced by accomplishments in the following major areas: technical achievement, professional achievement, and ESD service and leadership. Additional qualifications include professional society service and leadership accomplishment in the following areas: honors and awards, publication and patents, academic service and leadership, and community service and leadership. Please help us seek out and recognize the true engineering leaders. For complete criteria and downloadable application forms, please visit us online at www.esd.org. For more information or questions, please contact Heather Lilley at email@example.com or 248-353-0735, ext. 120.
TechCentury Image Award
SUBMISSION DEADLINE: FEBRUARY 28, 2017
The TechCentury Image Award is intended to recognize individuals who have promoted, publicized and enhanced the engineering and technical professions to the public-at-large through public engagement, mentoring, public speaking, authoring articles, and other publicly visible activities. Nominees do not have to be ESD members; nominators must be ESD members. Nominations must be submitted by February 28, 2017. The award presentation will be at the annual dinner in June. Additional details on page 9.
ESD’s Construction and Design Awards are unique in that they honor the three primary members of the building team—owners, designers, and constructors— and recognize outstanding team achievement and innovative use of technology. Submissions are accepted from project teams of owner, designer, and constructor. All projects must have been completed after January 1, 2015, to qualify for nomination. Entries may be submitted for: � New buildings or significant construction. � Renovations and additions. � Significant engineered systems e.g., infrastructure, transportation, bridges, processing facilities, etc. � Significant restoration, redesign and renovation of historical structures and engineered systems in Michigan. All original structures must be at least 50 years old at the time of submission. For complete requirements, criteria and entry procedures, visit www.esd.org or contact Leslie Smith, CMP, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 248-353-0735, ext. 152.
ESD Honor Awards & Scholarships SUBMISSION DEADLINE: FEBRUARY 19, 2017
OUTSTANDING YOUNG ENGINEER
This award recognizes a professional under 35 who has best distinguished him/herself in the engineering community. Criteria include education, work experience, and professional and community activities. Applicants must be members of ESD.
OUTSTANDING COLLEGE STUDENT
This award recognizes an undergraduate student who has best distinguished him/herself in the engineering community. Criteria include academic background, extracurricular activities, and employment experience. The winner(s) will receive a $1,000 scholarship.
OUTSTANDING HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT
This award recognizes a graduating high school senior who plans on pursuing a career in engineering. Winner(s) will receive a $1,000 scholarship. Awards will be presented in June. For applications and criteria, visit www.esd.org. For information, contact Sue Ruffner at email@example.com or 248-353-0735, ext. 117. www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 7
ESD UPCOMING EVENTS ESD Annual Golf Outing JUNE 5, 2017
SAVE THE DATE
Gold Awards Banquet MARCH 2017
Once a year, The Engineering Society of Detroit (ESD) and its Affiliate Council pay a special tribute to seasoned and upcoming engineers and scientists, who are shaping the future while leaving an indelible mark on their industries. Date and location TBD.
The ESD Annual Golf Outing is held in memory of David A. Skiven, PE, and in honor of his deep commitment to The Engineering Society of Detroit and its mission. Outing proceeds help support endeavors like educational and scholarship programs and ESD Student Chapters. The outing will take place at Oak Pointe Country Club in Brighton.
IN MEMORIAM With deep gratitude for their lifetime of service and support, The Engineering Society of Detroit acknowledges the passing of the following members:
Engineering & Technology Job Fair MAY 1, 2017
If you’ve been trying to hire people in engineering and technology, you understand the reality of the shortage of skilled workers. Fortunately, there’s help. Reserve your booth today for The Engineering Society of Detroit’s Engineering and Technology Job Fair on May 1, 2017. ESD job fairs regularly draw hundreds of skilled, qualified engineers and technology professionals as well as recent college graduates—all of whom are eager to find their next opportunity. If you’re looking for a job, you’ll find your next position at ESD’s job fair. Known for being the premier recruitment event, the spring job fair is your best opportunity to meet one-on-one with representatives from leading engineering and technology companies. The job fair will take place at the Suburban Collection Showplace in Novi from 2:00–7:00 p.m. More details can be found at www.esd.org.
Engineering + Technology
8 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
Patrick R. Dwyer
Retired/Supervisor of Marketing, Detroit Edison Co. President, ASHRAE, 1967–1968 Member of the ESD Senior Engineers Council Member since 1942
Harold A. Ladouceur, FESD Retired/Manager Product Development, Multifastener Corp. Director of Engineering, Alpha Industries, Inc. Engineering Section Chief, Vickers, Inc. Member of the ESD College of Fellows Member since 1958
Bernard S. Quell
Retired/District Manager, Michigan Bell Telephone Co. Member since 1948
Nominations open for TechCentury’s Image Award 2017
Deadline: February 28, 2017 TechCentury is an award-winning publication of The Engineering Society of Detroit that has been serving the needs of engineers and technical professionals since 1939. Published four times a year and online, the magazine covers a multitude of technical topics: the Blue Economy, Nanotechnology, Cyber Security, Sports Engineering, Smart Systems, etc. TechCentury’s Image Award is bestowed on a person who has advanced awareness of engineering and the technical professions in noteworthy and innovative ways.
Award Criteria: This award is intended to recognize individuals who have promoted, publicized, and enhanced the engineering and technical professions to the public-at-large through public engagement, mentoring, public speaking, authoring articles, and other publicly visible activities.
NTURY TECH CE WARD IMAGE A
Nomination Requirements: ü Nominator provides the required supporting information to the ESD Editorial Board, including: ò The Nominee’s CV ò A 200-word, or less, description of why the Nominee fulfills the award criteria ò The names of two (2) individuals, in addition to the Nominator, who can attest to the Nominee’s qualifications for this award ò An example of the Nominee’s work: article composed, news article, event record, speech given, testimonial, etc. ü Entries must be received by no later than 5 p.m. ET on February 28, 2017. ü Nominees do not have to be ESD members. Nominators must be ESD members.
SUBMIT ENTRIES TO: TechCentury Image Award Susan Thwing, TechCentury Editor 20700 Civic Center Dr., Suite 450 Southfield, MI 48076 Fax: 248-353-0736 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
ü The award winner must be present at the ESD Awards Dinner held in June, or if they cannot attend, someone must attend on their behalf.
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 9
Searching for ENGINEERING positions and professionals?
Contact Heather Lilley for customized job package solutions 248-353-0735, ext. 120
ESD JOB BANK
Find a Job. Fill a Position. It’s that Easy. Many job seekers and employers are discovering the advantages of searching online for engineering jobs and qualified candidates to fill them. When it comes to making career connections in the industry, the mass market approach of the mega job boards may not be the best way to find what you need. The Engineering Society of Detroit created the ESD Job Bank to give employers and job seeking professionals a better way to find each other and make that perfect fit.
• • • • •
Targeted advertising exposure Easy online job listing management Resume search included with job posting Automatic email notifications when job seekers match YOUR criteria ESD Corporate Members receive a 25% discount on job postings in January and February 2017, contact Heather Lilley for discount code.
Job Seeker Benefits: • • • • •
Free and confidential resume postings Automatic email notifications when new jobs match YOUR criteria Save up to 100 jobs to a folder in your account Upload up to 5 career-related documents Access to our diverse suite of career resources
Visit us today to post your job or resume!
MEMBERS IN THE NEWS Baker Names Dean of College of IT
Baker College has named Richard Bush, of Ypsilanti, dean of the College of Information Technology. “Dr. Bush is an accomplished and extremely knowledgeable professional who has spent his career on the cutting edge of information technology in business, the military and higher education,” said Bart Daig, Baker College System President and CEO. “We welcome his expertise and leadership of Baker College’s extensive IT programs.” Bush was most recently executive director of eLearning Services at Lawrence Technological University, where he served for more than 15 years. He also held IT positions at Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti; Technology Services Corp., Dearborn; and Integrated Systems Consultants and Computerland of Northern Michigan, Traverse City. A veteran, Bush served in the U.S. Air Force and Air Force Reserves for more than 15 years at bases in Germany and Michigan.
ESD Leaders Share Their Insight
As part of ESD’s Follow Our Leader series of lectures, Kirk Steudle, PE, FESD, Director of the Michigan Department of Transportation (top), gave a talk on the topic to ESD members on November 10. Later that month, Daniel E. Nicholson, Vice President, Global Propulsion Systems, General Motors Company, talked about his path in engineering to ESD Student Chapter members.
Advance Your Career with a Graduate Degree or Certificate from University of Michigan-Dearborn UM-Dearborn’s College of Engineering and Computer Science offers high quality graduate programs taught by world-renowned faculty and industry experts. Our graduate programs include: • 2 Ph.D. Programs • 14 Master’s Programs • 21 Graduate Certificate Programs UM-Dearborn is located in Henry Ford’s hometown of Dearborn, Mich. We offer competitive programs, available anywhere in the world, through our Distance Learning Network.
Interested in Learning More?
Visit umdearborn.edu/cecs or email email@example.com for more information
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 11
ESD CORPORATE MEMBER PROFILE
We welcome a new ESD Corporate Member to the family: Meritor. Headquartered in Troy, Michigan, Meritor is a leading global supplier of drivetrain, mobility, braking and aftermarket solutions for commercial vehicle and industrial markets. The company boasts a 100-year legacy and is made up of approximately 8,400 diverse employees, who work in manufacturing facilities, engineering centers, joint ventures, distribution centers and global offices in 19 countries. Meritor also has a long history of community service. Recent projects have included:
In addition, according to its website, through direct financial contributions, the Meritor Charitable Trust Fund and International Giving Program supports: Education Civic responsibility Health and human services
Meritor partnering with the University of Michigan for “Touchdown for a Cure” to help fund breast cancer research. Meritor donated $2,500 plus $1,000 for every touchdown scored by U-M in the Michigan vs. Illinois and the Michigan vs. Michigan State football games. A total of $10,500 was contributed to the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center’s “Touchdown for a Cure” campaign. Meritor also has contributed approximately
“Business resource groups also are part of Meritor’s commitment to promoting a culture of inclusion, as well as a high-performing, diverse workforce that is reflective of the global marketplace. These groups are supported by Meritor’s board of directors and championed by members of the executive management team,” the company says. For information, visit the company’s website at www.meritor.com.
12 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
$120,000 to Focus: HOPE to give Detroit residents a new beginning and support the trucking industry’s need for qualified drivers through a commercial truck driver training program.
THANK YOU TO ESD’S SUSTAINING AND CORPORATE MEMBER COMPANIES
Ford Motor Company
ARCHITECTURE | ENGINEERING | CONSULTING
SUSTAINING MEMBER BENEFIT PARTNERS:
AKT Peerless Environmental Services Altair Engineering American Axle Manufacturing American Center for Educational & Professional Services American Society of Employers Aristeo Construction AVL North America The Bartech Group Baker College of Allen Park Barton Malow Company Brightwing Central Michigan University Chrysan Industries Citizens Insurance Clark Hill, PLC CMS Enterprises Comfort Engineering Solutions, LLC Construction Association of Michigan Cornerstone Environmental Group, LLC CPCII Credit Union ONE CulturecliQ Danlaw, Inc. DASI Solutions DENSO International America, Inc. Detroit Metro Convention & Visitors Bureau Detroit Transportation Corporation Dow Chemical Company DTE Energy DTE Energy Gas Operations Dürr Systems, Inc. Eastern Michigan University Education Planning Resources, Inc. Electrical Resources Company Electro-Matic Products, Inc. Energy Sciences Experis Farbman Group Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Financial One, Inc. FirstMerit Bank Fishman Stewart Yamaguchi PLLC Ford Motor Company Fusion Welding Solutions
Gala & Associates, Inc. Gates Corporation GDH General Dynamics General Motors Company Gensler George W. Auch Company Ghafari Associates, LLC Glenn E. Wash & Associates, Inc. Golder Associates Inc. Gonzalez Contingent Workforce Services GZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc. Harley Ellis Devereaux Hartland Insurance Group, Inc. Hindsight Consulting, Inc. Hubbell, Roth & Clark, Inc. The Hunter Group LLC IBI Group Ideal Contracting Integrity Staffing Group, Inc. ITT Technical Institute Canton ITT Technical Institute Dearborn IBEW Local 58 & NECA LMCC Jervis B. Webb Company JNA Partners, Inc. Jozwiak Consulting, Inc. Kettering University Kitch Knovalent, Inc. Kolene Corporation Kostal North America Kugler Maag CIE North America Lake Superior State University Lawrence Technological University LHP Software Limbach Company, Inc. Link Engineering Co. LTI Information Technology Macomb Community College Maner, Costerisan & Ellis, PC Makino McNaughton-McKay Electric Company Meritor MICCO Construction Michigan Regional Council of Carpenters
Michigan State University Michigan Technological University Midwest Steel Inc. Monroe Environmental Corporation Myron Zucker, Inc. Neumann/Smith Architecture Newman Consulting Group, LLC NORR Architects Engineers Planners Northern Industrial Manufacturing Corp. NTH Consultants, Ltd. O’Brien and Gere Oakland University Optech LLC Orbitak International, LLC Original Equipment Suppliers Association Pure Eco Environmental Solutions R.L. Coolsaet Construction Co. ROWE Professional Services Company Rumford Industrial Group Ruby+Associates, Inc. SEGULA Technologies Saginaw Valley State University Special Multi Services System Strategy, Inc. Talascend, LLC Testing Engineers & Consultants Thermal-Netics TRANE Commercial Systems Troy Chamber of Commerce Trialon ZF TRW Turner Construction Co. UBS Financial Services—Lott Sheth Farber Group Universal Weatherstrip & Bldg. Supply University of Detroit Mercy University of Michigan University of Michigan-Dearborn US Farathane Corporation voxeljet America Inc. Wade-Trim Walbridge Walker-Miller Energy Services, LLC Wayne State University Western Michigan University Whitehall Industries
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 13
ADVANCEMENTS IN EDUCATION Teaching methods evolve, educators grow as technology soars BY SUSAN THWING
HOW DO WE LEARN? WHAT METHODS ARE BEST FOR DELIVERING A COMPREHENSIVE EDUCATION? HOW DOES EDUCATION EQUATE TO CAREER SUCCESS? AND WHAT ROLE DOES IT ALL PLAY IN A FORWARD-MOVING SOCIETY? These questions and more are on the minds of engineering and technology educators across the state, country, and globally. In this article we compiled some of the thoughts expressed by metro-Detroit area experts on the advancements in and future of technology education.
or centuries academic study meant students working one-on-one with fellow scholars in physical classrooms. But with the advent of computers and then the Internet, that model of instruction and exploration began to rapidly evolve. Today’s engineering, science, mathematics and technology students study in virtual classrooms, in hands-on reality based learning labs, and in team-based settings solving real-world problems. “Technology is evolving at an intense rate, and as educators we must incorporate these new elements to be good academic partners,” says Gary Kuleck, Dean of the College of Engineering and Science at the University of Detroit Mercy. Anca Sala, Dean of Engineering at Baker College, agrees. “Engineering education, like all education, is transforming in new and exciting ways. Whether a course is delivered by an online campus or by a traditional ground-based campus, institutions can utilize technology to enhance engineering curriculum.”
Classroom learning is seeing a growth in reality based learning through simulation labs and technology. It’s the norm for most university students to experience hands-on development and problem-solving in real world settings, whether it is in a lab or on-the-job. U of D Mercy recently unveiled its Center of Automotive Systems Engineering Education, a collaboration of engineering disciplines with industry partners such as Ford Motor Company, General Motors Corporation, DENSO North America Foundation and many 14 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
others to equip the Center with cutting-edge technologies for research and design work. (See related article). In addition, Lear Technologies unveiled an Innovation Center in downtown Detroit’s historic Capitol Park where it will collaborate with the College for Creative Studies (CCS) on the next generation of automotive seating and vehicle interiors and work with the Wayne State University (WSU) School of Engineering to develop applications for connected cars and alternative energy vehicles. Baker College also uses intensive lab simulations. “In engineering courses taught on-ground, Baker uses very sophisticated tools that include software for design, analysis, modeling and simulation, and complex equipment such as robots, lasers, and CNC machines. Engineering and engineering education have advanced tremendously,” Sala explains. Partnering with corporations in these projects and centers enhances the student experience and employer outcome, says Kuleck. It also helps keep the cream of the crop working here in Michigan. “We collaborate with companies like Ford, DENSO, and GM in order to determine their needs for future employees. Many of the features of our new lab are custom-designed to simulate those industry-used technologies. We must continually adapt to keep the next generation of workforce here, able to use the latest technology, fit in the culture and be less likely to go out of state.”
Tomorrow’s Engineering Leaders
Kuleck sees education to be a multi-level process of engaging traditional education with new opportunities. “First, we must stay up-to-date with technology, and second, it is essential that students have exposure to professional practice in their area of study before graduation. We must also introduce them to the arena of entrepreneurship. We want to teach them how to bring innovation to the workplace,” he explains. “Students need to engage in projects while in school to test their strengths and
interests as well as to work with others as a team player. Although online students disliked compulsory in-person It’s a balance.” experiences, they appreciated optional experiences That leadership, Kuleck says, does not only mean being such as field placements. Students also indicated they successful in an employment setting. “Engineering and were open to hybrid experiences, an option that may science students now have a sense of environmental and help institutions and programs that need more time to social justice. They need to envision how their disciplinary offer fully online programs and courses. engagement aligns with this sense. They need to get a In terms of student interaction, online discussion sense of how their work is part of the overall community,” he boards ranked lowest, with group projects just ahead. explains. “It is critical to our mission as educators that when they go out in the world, they are aware and sensitive to Lynn Miller-Wietecha, eLearning Architect and Program bettering the community and the impact they have.” Producer at Lawrence Tech, says that while online learning is definitely the classroom of the future–for any field of Tomorrow’s Online Learning, Flipped Classrooms… study—its success for the student is based on the age-old But is technology making being out in that community integrity of the instruction. unnecessary? Some colleges, such as Baker, have entire “Any course of study—whether it is in the classroom or degrees that can be obtained online. eLearning—must be well-designed, with clear outcomes “Using an online learning management system, our and specific measurements. Online learning can work in courses can easily utilize interactive pedagogy. Faculty any field as long as these goals are met,” she says. can incorporate videos, interactive learning activities, Mohamad Qatu, Dean of the College of Technology simulations and labs so more active learning takes from Eastern Michigan University, says educators are place,” says Jill Langen, President of Baker Online. “Online continually looking and developing different concepts and learning environments allow faculty to use a variety of delivery systems. teaching strategies to engage students, and also allow “Universities follow ABET guidelines and accreditation students to be exposed to a variety of learning resources. procedures in order to continually assess and improve on Students can test concepts, theories and new ideas in a educational methods,” Qatu says. “One exciting concept way that wasn’t possible in a traditional classroom.” coming about in engineering education is the flipped Baker currently offers Mobile Application Software classroom, which has been very well received by those Engineering and recently received an Exemplary Quality participating.” rating by the Online Learning Consortium, one of only a The flipped classroom is a pedagogical model in which few College’s across the nation to have earned this rating, the typical lecture and homework elements of a course she explains Jennifer L. Dean, Associate Librarian and are reversed. Short video lectures are viewed by students Dean of University Libraries and Instructional. at home before the class session, while in-class time is “Although the responsibility for determining the future devoted to exercises, projects, or discussions. of online education will be shaped by those of us who “It is an active style of learning,” Qatu says. ”Students serve as educators, we will be driven by the needs and can prepare and then be ready for intense discussion or actions of those we teach,” she says. problem solving when they do meet in a lab. Other educaShe cites a National Student Clearinghouse Research tional models include an online interaction once a week, Center survey which predicts growth in online education rather than solely independent work. It entirely depends on as higher education institutions seek to meet the needs what is best for the discipline.” of students for whom an online education is the best—or The bottom line, all agree, is that the industry, perhaps only—option. The survey conducted by the community experts and the students are leading the Learning House, Inc. and Aslanian Market Research of decision making process on where education is going. 1,500 online students indicates several broad trends: “Although we in academia will continue to debate the C&IT and STEM program online enrollments continue future and efficacy of online education, it is clear that our to grow at both the undergraduate and graduate students are moving ahead, with or without us. Although level, with Computer Science and Engineering and data does not suggest that the traditional classroom will Engineering ranked second in both undergraduate leave us anytime soon, it is clear that for some students, and graduate majors, and engineering ranked fourth online education is their preferred option, and this in undergraduate majors. population will continue to grow,” Dean says. www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 15
CREATING THE SPARK… YOUTH PROGRAMS ENCOURAGE TOMORROW’S INDUSTRY LEADERS By Susan Thwing
he didn’t think she could do it. She thought they had gotten their project all wrong. Two of her teammates never even got on the bus to go to the final competition. What was the point? The point was she and three of her fellow young engineers had summoned their creativity, their teamwork skills and their ingenuity to win The Engineering Society of Detroit’s SMArT top honor. And they each received a $30,000 scholarship for the efforts. It was just the beginning of four young ladies finally discovering their exceptional abilities in the science and engineering fields. “It made me cry,” says Jasmine Sisson, P.E., the team’s SMArT mentor and a lead structural engineer at WSP|Parsons Brinckerhoff. “I heard this student excitedly call her grandmother and say ‘Grandma, I can go to school now.’ ” The Engineering SMArT Michigan program was a hands-on science, math, architecture and technology (SMArT) project in which high school students designed energy-efficient homes. It’s just one example of the powerful impact ESD STEM-related programs for youth are having on encouraging young people–often those who do not initially have confidence in their abilities–to learn to develop the skills, interest and passion to pursue a career in the science, technology, engineering and mathematical fields. With the projected growing demand for civil, mechanical, environmental, and biomedical engineers, it’s an important focus. 16 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
Sisson says young girls, especially, need that boost of confidence. “The girls on this team were 15 and 16 years old. And no one had ever told them they were capable. It’s important to expose them to professionals in the field, to encourage them and show them they CAN do it.” Robert Washer, a Future City mentor and past President of MICCO Construction and current President of the Michigan Architectural Foundation, agrees. Future City is a cross-curricular educational program where students in 6th, 7th and 8th grades imagine, design, and build cities of the future. Over four months, students work as a team with an educator and volunteer mentor to design a virtual city using SimCity software; research and write an essay addressing the year’s theme; build a model of their city using recycled materials; complete a project plan, and present their city before a panel of judges at a Regional Competition in January. Regional winners go on to represent at the national competition in Washington, DC, in February. Washer has been a mentor for more than five years with the program and was a judge for over 15 years before that. He visits University High School Preparatory in Southfield every Tuesday to help eighth grade students create their city. “Through programs like Future City, kids can be exposed to so many options and important experiences at a young age. We can light a spark in their creativity, problem-solving skills and potential career interests,” he says, adding that field trips to
city planning offices, blue print readings, recycling plants, landfills and other municipal locations are part of the experience. “This is the real stuff. It’s almost on-the-job training.” The best part is the kids’ enthusiasm, he says. “When they ask a question, their eyes are wide open and they are absorbing everything,” he says. “It’s great to be a part of it.” SMArT and Future City are just two of the youth programs ESD has supported. While SMArT will take a sabbatical in 2017, next up for the ESD is a new camp, the Girls in Engineering Academy (GEA) beginning in summer 2017. GEA is a four-week summer experience followed by three years of Academic Year programs and industrial experiences for 30 girls. “The program was designed in response to the urgent need to initiate programs that would increase the number of females, particularly underrepresented minorities, in engineering in the United States and within the state of Michigan,” says Robert Magee Executive Director of the ESD. The main objective of the GEA is to prepare and encourage middle school girls, particularly students from the Detroit metropolitan area, to enter college and study engineering at a level competitive with other students. This preparation includes familiarizing students with college environments and exposing them to engineering through hands-on experiences and industrial orientations, as well as enhancing their competitive position as they begin to think about their future college plans, Magee explains. In addition to the engineering experiences, students receive instruction in core academic areas such as mathematics, science, engineering, computer science, and communication skills in order to foster cognitive academic development. All GEA classes will be taught by female engineers or female engineering students, and are designed with input from women engineering faculty, engineering undergraduate and graduate students from Detroit-area universities, to capture the interest of and to further motivate young women in the direction of selecting an engineering major for a career choice after high school graduation. Volunteers are still needed to assist with the GEA program. For more information on GEA, or other opportunities to mentor future engineers, visit esd.org, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Robert Washer, president of the Michigan Architectural Foundation, mentors students at University High School Prep Academy in Southfield. His team’s 2015 future city model is shown above. The team is shown receiving an award for Best Land Surveying Practices, sponsored by NCEES. www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 17
ENCOURAGING YOUNG PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IS KEY TO INDUSTRY’S SUCCESS BY DOUG HAYES
oung professionals entering into the work place today are the most valuable resource to ensure the success of companies and industries in the future. From young engineers, to young managers, to the skilled tradesmen in the field, they are our legacy. The next generation of leaders will be as good as their development is today. The development of our young professionals should begin in their high school days. I know it sounds a little strange to think of our future leaders in terms of high schoolers. It’s hard for them to think in terms 18 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
of professional development and becoming our future leaders. They’re more concerned about football, homecoming and their next date. It’s up to us in the business world to develop and implement sound methods for guiding our young people to prepare them for college and beyond. This is where professional societies such as the Engineering Society of Detroit come in. Development of our young professionals can be coordinated between our corporations, colleges and universities through members and volunteers from our societies and associations.
Working with Schools, Colleges and Universities
Professional development on a high school level begins with ensuring students with an interest in science, engineering, math and technology are taking college prep courses and keeping their grade point average up. For students who are struggling in a certain area, we can work with guidance counselors in the high schools to offer students tutoring in some of these classes. Universities will be the next step for some of students. Other students will attend community colleges
because of their grades or costs, while even others will opt for a technical school, or serve an apprenticeship. The positive message we give, and the guidance and mentorship we provide, remains the same for all of our young people, regardless of their path of travel to their career destinations. Guest speaking at colleges is a good way to reach out. The message we send can have a powerful impact on students. Professors and instructors are eager to work with guest speakers. Some other ways to become involved include:
Student Associations and Societies
It goes without saying that student associations are a major player in professional development. The students who dedicated themselves to the extra work involved are already willing and eager participants. They run their society in the same manner as a professional society does under the supervision of a member of that society. They have elections for
their board members; have guest speakers, go on technical tours and have technical meetings. Professors, instructors and business leaders are many times involved with these associations.
Mentorship programs match young people new to our industries, with seasoned professionals. A good mentoring program consists of procedures, guidelines, information and a library of tools to use for both the mentor and the mentee. Please note, though, that mentoring takes a considerable amount of time and energy to be successful. Be sure you are both committed.
Internships afford our young people an opportunity to apply what they’ve learned in the classroom to field work. Many students working for corporations on internship programs go on to working for these same organizations. Professional societies and student
associations can help pave the way for successful internships by coaching students while they look for and apply to internships.
The success or failure of professional development programs is dependent on the amount of participation in the program. If only a few are doing volunteer work without enough volunteers or support, they soon become disenchanted or burned out and the program suffers. We are all invested stakeholders in the development of our young professionals. Volunteering on committees is not only beneficial to young professionals, it is also very rewarding. If you can’t find a committee to belong to, start one!
Doug Hayes, CSP, ARM, ALCM, OHST, CHST, STSC, is a safety, health and environment manager at AECOM. He serves the ASSE Greater Detroit Chapter board as treasurer and is a member of the Engineering Society of Detroit.
Doug Hayes, CSP, ARM, ALCM, OHST, CHST, STSC, is a Safety and Health Engineering manager focusing on industrial engineering at AECOM, a U.S.-based multinational engineering firm. With more than 36 years of construction safety experience, he serves on the American Society of Safety Engineer Board, Greater Detroit Chapter board as Treasurer and is a member of ESD. www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 19
ENGINEERING ENTREPRENEURS LAWRENCE TECH MOVES THE FUN OF CREATIVITY, DESIGN, FORWARD IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION BY MATT ROUSH
he beginning of an engineering education can be no fun at all. Course after course in calculus, physics, statics, and chemistry. Of course, at the end of that tunnel is a career of interesting, fun challenges–designing new products to solve critical real-world problems. And maybe, just maybe, starting your own business meeting an engineering need. Lawrence Technological University has partnered with a Wisconsin foundation and a program based out of Stanford University to put that fun closer to the beginning of students’ education–and to reach out to students as early as elementary school to let them know how much fun and creative a career in engineering can be. Lawrence Tech is part of the Kern Entrepreneurial Engineering Network, a program of the Kern Family Foundation of Waukesha, Wis. KEEN aims to transform the educational experience of undergraduate engineering students to develop an entrepreneurial mindset, through working with faculty and campus leadership to incorporate entrepreneurial education, and setting 20 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
up an infrastructure to support student entrepreneurial activities. The program is overseen by a course modification committee comprised of faculty and administrators. They select faculty members to be trained in new teaching strategies that foster an entrepreneurial mindset in students: problem-based learning, active and collaborative learning, and entrepreneurially minded learning. This committee makes sure LTU engineering courses incorporate skills associated with entrepreneurship and design thinking. As a result of the successes, LTU has become the leader in faculty development workshops across the network,
with faculty from 26 institutions across the country being trained in entrepreneurial pedagogy. LTU has also hosted regional KEEN conferences at which university faculty and staff share best practices in fostering entrepreneurial education in engineering. And LTU has hosted Innovation Encounter, a weekend student competition created by LTU and funded by KEEN, where teams finished first in 2015 and second in 2016 in this event, which asks students to design an engineering solution to a real-world business problem and make a presentation on it, all within a two-day period. To learn more about KEEN, visit engineeringunleashed.com/keen.
The first three KEEN Innovation Fellows recently made a presentation to a Lawrence Technological University faculty and administration group about their plans to boost innovation, entrepreneurship, education and outreach.
In another move to boost entrepreneurship on campus, six LTU students have also been named among 776 University Innovation Fellows, a National Science Foundation project led by Stanford University’s design program. The global UIF program trains student leaders to create new opportunities for their peers to engage with innovation, entrepreneurship, design thinking and creativity as part of their college experience. Named in October were LTU students were Steven Graczyk of Troy, Ashley Jordan of Macomb Township, and Sarah Makki of Dearborn Heights. Graczyk is majoring in mechanical engineering with an additional Entrepreneurial Skills
Certificate. Jordan is majoring in mechanical engineering, while Makki is majoring in robotics engineering. All are sophomores. They are LTU’s second cohort of Innovation Fellows. Last year’s initial crop of Innovation Fellows from LTU were Leah Batty, a junior in industrial engineering from Macomb Township; Justin Becker, a junior in civil engineering from Romeo; and Nada Saghir, a junior in mechanical engineering from Dearborn. As part of their acceptance into the program, the new LTU Fellows developed a plan to boost entrepreneurship and innovation education at Lawrence Tech and the community. The group’s plan includes entrepreneurship outreach to K-8 students through organizations like Girls Who Code and Girl Scouts, as well as through middle schools. They also propose an innovation and entrepreneurship summer camp
at LTU for students from LTU and elsewhere, as well as creating a mobile “maker lab” for the LTU campus. Finally, they propose a year-long innovation speaker series at LTU. Fellows receive year-round mentorship, connect with one another online, and attend national conferences and events. In March 2017, Fellows have the opportunity to participate in the Silicon Valley Meetup, which brings together all Fellows trained in fall 2016 and spring 2017. During this gathering, Fellows will take part in workshops and exercises at Stanford, Google and other Silicon Valley organizations, with topics including movement building, innovation spaces, design of learning experiences, and new models for change in higher education. For more information, visit universityinnovationfellows.org.
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 21
THE ROLE OF ONLINE INSTRUCTION IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION AN INTERVIEW WITH WSU ENGINEERING FACULTY BY YANG ZHAO
he widespread use of computers and the internet have made distance learning and online education easier and more accessible. Enrollment in online education courses increased rapidly all over the world since 2000. Even though growth rates are slowing, enrollment for online courses still increases with the advance in technology. So what are the current state of and trends in online education and how effective is the online education with the continuous technology advancement? There are many surveys and studies that monitor and assess the status and effectiveness of online education. The Babson Survey Research Group (I.E. Allen and J. Seaman, Online Report Card–Tracking Online Education in the United States) has produced an annual report since 2002. Among many results of the latest survey report, faculty’s perceptions of online education have not improved in the past decade. Only 29.1 percent of chief academic officers said in 2015 that they believe their faculty view online learning as legitimate and valuable. On the other hand, studies also show that effectiveness of online learning varies across academic subject areas, as well as types of students. (e.g., D. Xu and S. Jaggars, “Performance Gaps Between Online and Face-to-Face Courses: Differences Across Types of Students and Academic Subject Areas” Journal of Higher Education, vol. 85, no. 5., 2014, pp. 633-659). Based on these results, it is interesting to see how faculty of the engineering school at an urban university view the role of online instruction in engineering education, as well as their perceptions of student learning. For this article I interviewed 20 faculty members in the College of Engineering at Wayne State University and asked their opinions on the role of 22 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
online instruction in the current and future engineering education. Specifically, they were asked three questions, “Is the classroom becoming obsolete?”, “Will the online education rule?”, and “What will engineering and science education look like 20 years from now?”. The answers to these questions are summarized as follows.
THE CLASSROOM WILL NOT BE OBSOLETE
All 20 faculty members believe that the classroom for face-to-face education will not go away. Most faculty cite student/instructor interactions as the main reason for the existence of classrooms. Interactions initiated in the classroom normally continue outside of the classroom. These interactions not only help students in the learning of course content, but also allow instructors to guide and motivate students for their success in college career and beyond. Students get to know professors better in a classroom setting and many discussions occur before, during, and after class. Online courses, on the other hand, cannot effectively provide these kinds of interactions. Many faculty point out that motivating students is a critical part of their teaching job in an educational environment that promotes learning and personal development. This is especially important for those students who do not have sufficient math and science backgrounds to complete their engineering degrees. The best way to motivate these students are with face-to-face interactions with professors, advisors, and other campus offices. Online education, on the other hand, requires students to be self-motivated and cannot effectively help those students when they face particular academic challenges. The classroom also provides interactions among student peers for better academic and social integration. It is easier for students in the classroom setting to form or join a group study session. Group sessions provide students with the opportunity to come together, growing their professional connections and gaining a sense of teamwork. Leadership skills are developed and students can motivate and encourage each other to succeed. While all believe that the classroom is here to stay, a few faculty point out that future classrooms will integrate the latest technologies for better course content delivery and more flexible student/instructor interactions.
“ Hands-on and laboratory
experiences, which are essential part of engineering education, cannot be effectively provided online.
ONLINE INSTRUCTION WILL NOT DOMINATE IN ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE EDUCATION
With all faculty interviewed believing that the traditional classroom education will be here for a long time, it is not surprising to find that they all agree online education will not replace face-to-face classes. Many faculty indicate that the current online courses and programs were mainly designed and created for student convenience or to attract students from a distance for revenue generation. While students in the online programs enjoy the flexibility to attend school at a time and location that is convenient for them, they do not receive the same quality education as the students in the face-to-face programs. In addition to the missed learning opportunities and experiences in classroom setting environments mentioned in the above paragraphs, there are additional drawbacks. First, hands-on and laboratory experiences, which are essential part of engineering education, cannot be effectively provided online. Second, online education requires students to possess good self-learning skills, self-motivations, and strong backgrounds in math and science, in order to have quality educational experiences and be successful in their college career. Therefore, online education is suitable only for a handful of students who have all of the qualifications to complete an engineering degree. Third, it may take more time for faculty to prepare and deliver online courses. Updating online course contents can also be difficult. Cheating in online courses and online-exam monitoring present new challenges for professors. One faculty member points out that it was predicted 20 years ago that online courses would replace the classroom to become the dominant educational mechanism. This has never happened. And all faculty agree that it will not happen in the future unless online courses can deliver the same quality engineering education as the face-to-face courses.
It is interesting to observe that many faculty believe online education tools can serve as a useful supplement to today’s classrooms. In fact, many of them have used or integrated online tools and information for the enhancement of teaching and learning. This viewpoint is consistent with the fact found in the Babson Survey Report that faculty are more accepting of blended learning.
FUNDAMENTALS WILL STAY THE SAME IN THE FUTURE ENGINEERING & SCIENCE EDUCATION
The engineering fields have their roots in mathematics and basic sciences with experimental experience, but carry knowledge further toward creative applications. Engineering students must be prepared for engineering practice with a major design experience mimicking the real-world projects. These fundamentals will stay the same in the future engineering education. For example, instructional laboratories have been an essential part of engineering programs and will still be the main venue for hands-on and design experiences. While new modes of learning and teaching, such as flipped classroom and blended education, are being tried and evaluated in higher education, most engineering education will be carried out in instructional laboratories and classrooms with continuous integrations of new technologies and tools. New technology trends will alter the contents of many engineering courses as well as teaching strategies and modes. In the end, instructional labs and classroom are here to stay in engineering education. Yang Zhao is a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Wayne State University.
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Lear partners with CCS and WSU to create Innovation Center
The Lear Innovation Center opened at 119 State Street in downtown Detroit on October 18.
outhfield-based Lear Corporation, a leading global supplier of automotive seating and electrical systems, opened a worldclass Innovation Center in downtown Detroit. The Center, located at 119 State Street in historic Capitol Park, will host students from the College for Creative Studies (CCS) and Wayne State University (WSU) to experience hands-on learning through internships, workshops and work/study programs in an effort to harness young talent and help develop future leaders in the innovation sector. At this Center, Lear plans to develop new automotive products and technologies, incubate non-automotive business opportunities, and collaborate with CCS on the next generation of automotive seating and vehicle interiors. Participants also will work with the WSU School of 24窶ポ窶サechCentury窶ポ窶ジINTER 2016
...a leading global supplier of automotive seating and electrical systems... The Lear Innovation Center Work Cafe bar was created with wood repurposed from the original construction.
Engineering to develop applications for connected cars and alternative energy vehicles. “We are very excited to be opening a new Innovation and Design Center in downtown Detroit,” said Matt Simoncini, President and CEO of Lear Corporation. “We plan to leverage the rapidly developing infrastructure in the Central Business District as well as
the concentration of arts, science, and technology assets in the Capitol Park area to fully participate in the transformation that is underway in the automotive business and to take our company to the next level.” Attending the grand opening ceremony in October, Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan commented, “Lear’s investment in this new center is another example of how
Detroit is building on its history of innovation in automotive design. Thanks to their partners at Wayne State University and the College for Creative Studies, Lear will be able to provide young Detroiters with practical hands-on experience to prepare them for careers in this cutting-edge field.” Planned as a hub for art, creativity, automotive advanced concept development and hands-on learning for Detroit college students, the building on State Street will serve multiple purposes including focusing on innovation and design, inside and outside the automotive industry; working closely with nearby WSU and CCS; and supporting community organizations. A total of about 100 Lear employees will work there when renovated completely, as well as about 10 paid interns from WSU and 10 from CCS. Lear purchased the historic (vintage 1887), six-story building, which once housed the Brown Brothers Cigar Co., last September. The company has spent about $10 million to purchase and restore the building close to its original Victorian Romanesque exterior design, while interior renovations exude an industrial, raw, authentic Detroit style and aesthetic. With almost 90 percent of its furniture designed or built in Detroit and other Michigan locations, and featuring noted local graffiti artists, the Lear Innovation Center’s 35,000-square feet will include an open first floor gallery and showroom, modern office environments and work spaces designed to promote creativity as well as a rooftop garden for special events. For more information on the Lear Innovation Center, please visit lear.com.
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ENGINEERING EM OPPORTUNITIES O UPSWING Figure 1: Employer Demand & Graduation Rates
Figure 2: Top 10 Postings 2Q16 26 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
pportunity is abundant for skilled workers in Michigan, especially for engineers. The Workforce Intelligence Network (WIN) publishes quarterly labor market job posting reports for 16 counties in greater southeastern Michigan, including Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Washtenaw, and Genesee Counties, and also for the City of Detroit. WIN tracks annual job postings data and graduation rates for engineering and design occupations. The ratio of job postings to graduates from all college and university certificate and degree programs as grown from 4.5 to 1 in 2014, to 7 to 1 in 2015. In 2015, there were almost 38,000 job postings for 5389 total graduates. About a quarter of those total postings are available for workers with less than two years of experience, the remaining threequarters of postings require greater than two years of experience. Looking at the most recently available WIN region data from the second quarter of 2016 (source: Burning Glass Technologies), the most in demand engineering and design positions are Mechanical, Electrical and Industrial Engineers. The 2Q16 graphic to the right details the top ten engineering and designer postings for our region. These employment opportunities do not, however, tell the whole story of the talent required in today’s workplace. Multi-disciplinary skills are what employers are demanding and finding hard to hire. Recent grads
MPLOYMENT ON THE By David Palmer
and early career professionals graduating from highly respected local universities often attain the raw technical skills needed to earn hiring consideration, but the 21st century work environment demands more. New and long-time professionals alike can benefit from sharpening their “soft-skills”. This can include presentation and public speaking skills, leadership and networking ability. Many employers need their engineers to create and design with the customer in mind, and have an appreciation for the business and bottom line influence of implementing even the smallest changes to components. Multi-disciplinary technical environments are becoming commonplace as well. Embedded software, sensor development, material lightweighting, and cyber security are all hot topics among regional employers. Over the last five years, connected and autonomous vehicle design groups have been created at many organizations across greater southeastern Michigan. These professionals have been pulled from other functional business areas within their organizations and are being recruited externally from not only auto, but traditional telecommunications and information technology (IT) companies. The lines between where Auto and IT start and stop are getting very blurry. In fact, the sooner we realize that Auto is IT, the easier it
will be to manage new workforce talent expectations in real time. In today’s job market, the sky is the limit for crossdisciplinary application of new and good ideas. Organizations like the Michigan Alliance for Greater Mobility Advancement (MAGMA), Opportunity Detroit Tech, Tech248, and the Center for Automotive Research Connected and Automated Vehicle Working Group are all grappling with the quickly changing talent demand landscape. If you are currently a college freshman, the job you apply for in 4 or 5 years may not exist today. If the talent of today and tomorrow want to get a leg-up, the onus is on the individual to get connected, sharpen communication and collaboration skills, always be willing to learn new skills and demonstrate multi-disciplinary competency via your resume and portfolio of projects. David Palmer, MPA, CNP, is the Director of Business Partnerships at the Workforce Intelligence Network (WIN). WIN is a collaboration of the 10 community colleges and 6 Michigan Works! Agencies in greater southeast Michigan. Connect with David on Twitter and LinkedIn @DavidPalmer76. Connect with WIN, and download labor market and special reports at www.win-semich.org.
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(Editor’s note: this is the first in a four-part series on the skill of networking and its importance to building and maintaining career—and life—goals.)
12 LESSONS FOR EFFECTIVE NETWORKING I
got lucky. I fell into a great networking group during my first full year of business right out of grad school. The group was structured and we met weekly. While there was a goal of “passing a few leads a month”, that wasn’t the only focus. In fact, if your only focus was to get leads, you wouldn’t have been in the group long. I learned early on that if you’re just networking to get new opportunities, you’re missing out on a lot. Networking can be a great way to increase your business acumen. Think about it…by the very definition you’re connecting with other business professionals and learning about them and their businesses. If you’re a good listener (hint, you have to be a good listener to be a good networker) you will learn new things about people and their business. Networking can also be a myriad of other things too: A group of people committed to your ongoing success…an
28 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
By Terry Bean
opportunity to be dialed in to cool events in the area…the opportunity to barter for goods and services you/your business may need and the opportunity to “pay it forward” frequently. Here’s the truth, none of the goodness that networking can bring to your life will exist if you don’t start doing it. With that in mind, here are some of the most important things I believe you need to do to network effectively: Show up—This is the first step and will always be. If you don’t show up ready to network both online and off, you won’t be
effective at it. Networking takes effort; hence the word “working”. Take the time to understand how the following ideas fit into your networking world, and you will do well. Know what you have to offer— Without a solid understanding of what you have to offer, you will find it much harder to give. How often do you give any of the following to your network: Time, Energy, Attention, Money, Expertise, Connections or Resources? See, you have a lot more to give than you thought. Know what you want to receive— When it comes to networking most people want the same thing: More Business. That’s great! But unless you can tell us what kind of business will be best for you, we will have a hard time giving it to you. The more specific your ASK (aka 60 second commercial or elevator pitch), the better. People want to help you, but we can’t do so unless you tell us how.
Hint, you have to be a good listener to be a good networker. Consider “After You” Networking— Everyone worries about making a great first impression. Use this to your advantage. When meeting someone new, let them go first. Several benefits are yours with this approach: A. You’ll demonstrate your desire to be interested prior to being interesting. B. You’ll have a solid understanding of who they are, what they need and how to better relate your needs to their world. C. They’ll be able to actually listen to you when it’s your turn to speak. D. If they don’t listen to you, you know exactly what kind of person they are. Use online networking effectively—So many tools, so little time. The good news is they can help you expand your network FAST. The most important thing about online networking is creating and maintaining relationships. The power of “search” is one you must understand. It’s about finding the folks you need while making sure those who need you can easily find you too. Give when you can—You already have an idea of what you have to offer, be sure to give it when you can. We have all heard the phrase “Giver’s gain” made popular by Dr. Ivan Misner of BNI fame. It’s time to put it to good use. Give. Give a lot. Give every chance you can. I firmly believe that giving others a clear path (ASK) on how they can help you is an act of giving.
Connect others—Networking is about leveraging the relationships you have to create the relationships you need. This requires introductions. Don’t sit and wait for others to introduce you. Make connections for them too. The more proactive you can be in this space, the better.
Say thank you—It’s important to update your network on the status of any referral they have given you. It’s vital that you thank them for it. You can make a phone call and say thanks just slightly easier than you can go by a gift card to their favorite store or restaurant. Just be sure Know why networking works— to let them know they and their Networking works when people work faith in you are appreciated. at it. If you give to me, I’m going to make sure I do my best to give to Follow up—This is the number you…This is the Law of Reciprocity. one area where sales people Similarly if you give to me, I’m going and networkers blow big to make sure I pay it forward and opportunities…they fail to follow give to someone else. This is the up. Following up is so crucial Law of Generosity. Universal Laws that I dedicated the entire last dictate much of our life and they are chapter of my book to it. You why networking works. can follow up by letter, e-mail, telephone, video chat, social Ask. Listen. Repeat—When it media or several other ways. comes to networking, and all good How you follow up isn’t nearly communications for that matter, as important as you actually asking good questions and listening doing it. to the answers is at the heart of it all. Make sure you practice these Thank you for taking the important skills again and again. If time to read these tips. Proper you’ve ever wanted to honor someone, implementation of these ideas ask questions about their favorite topic will result in big praise from both (themselves) and actually take time to your wallet and your network. listen to the answer. Make it easy for others to help you—It’s a big world and you’ve got a lot to do. You’ll do far more with the assistance of others. Don’t make others chase YOU to help YOU. Make your contact information easy to access by putting it on your e-mail signature and social media profiles. When someone does say they will help, call or e-mail them. Don’t make them reach out to you.
Terry Bean is the Founder of Motor City Connect (a large business networking group in Metro Detroit), a relationship marketing expert, and the author of “Be Connected” a great little book on business networking. Additionally, Mr. Bean is the co-host of a weekly business development podcast and is a gifted speaker who loves to share his business and personal development wisdom with audiences of all shapes and sizes.
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 29
It’s A New Day, New Way To Explore… SCIENCE EDUCATION GETS A MAKEOVER
emember middle-school science class? Memorizing all those disconnected facts? Wondering what it had to do with your world or life? Thanks to the vision of a few faculty members and staff at Michigan Tech, the commitment of universities, school districts, and middle-school teachers across the state, and a $5 million grant from the Herbert H. and Grace A. Dow Foundation, middle school science is starting to make more sense. A project called Michigan Science Teaching and Assessment Reform (Mi-STAR) is developing a curriculum that engages students in applying science to real-world problems, while connecting science subjects around unifying themes: Cycles and Interrelationships for sixth graders, Life Cycles of Materials for those in seventh grade, and Human Impacts and Solutions for grade eight. It all began with the National Research Council’s 2011 report, “Framework for K-12 Science Education.” Essentially, that report warned, “We’re not doing it the right way,” explains Michigan Tech Provost Jackie Huntoon, a professor of geological and mining engineering and sciences. The NRC, the working arm of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, recommended that new science standards—and equally importantly, new ways of teaching science—be developed to enhance student appreciation for science, scientific knowledge, and science-related decision-making in their everyday lives. Each core scientific idea is paired with a practice that engages students in actually doing science and engineering, as well as a crosscutting concept that provides structures for scientific thinking across disciplines, such as “cause and effect” and “stability and change.” Michigan Tech Provost Huntoon leads the Mi-STAR project. “That’s the way scientists and engineers actually think about problems,” she points out. “Scientists are so enthusiastic about what we do because it is an exciting, 30 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
BY JENNIFER DONOVAN
creative activity.” Huntoon herself is a geologist. “Children in school need to experience science that way too.”
EASY TO SAY, HARDER TO DO
Over the past two years, 77 science teachers and 82 partners—including faculty members, researchers and graduate students from Michigan Tech, Eastern Michigan University, Grand Valley State University, Saginaw Valley State University, Western Michigan University, the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Virginia—have been laying the foundation for the Mi-STAR curriculum. Through a professional development component, Mi-STAR is providing training for teachers to develop and implement this new curriculum. To date, middle-school teachers from 31 schools in 19 school districts—from Detroit to the Upper Peninsula—have worked on the curriculum and learned to use it in their classrooms. Another 110 teachers have taken training through the online Mi-STAR Academy. Research and assessment is another key piece, analyzing results and changing course when necessary. Developing a reform-based curriculum is a monumental task, says Mi-STAR curriculum developer and recent PhD graduate Emily Gochis, who has taught in schools, served in the Peace Corps and participated in a variety of science-education programs at Michigan Tech. “Mi-STAR is a challenging project that puts all my previous skills to the test.” The team first identified overarching themes that are recognized by science and engineering professional societies as areas of particular concern to society. They include: water resources, energy and earth resources, sustainable ecosystems, earth and space systems, food and agriculture, human and public health, and infrastructure and the built environment. The education experts and teachers then looked at how learning would progress from sixth through eighth grade, developing units that address issues actually facing society,
Science is more than just memorizing facts. It’s about making the subject come alive for students. Students at L’Anse Jr/Sr High School in L’Anse, Michigan, don’t just read about science, they do it, with a new curriculum designed by a consortium of researchers from five Michigan universities.
such as renewable energy resources, climate change, and feeding the world. Still they weren’t done. They had to design activities that enabled children to learn by doing, observing, making predictions, and drawing conclusions. Three units of the new curriculum are now being piloted in schools in Bay City, Houghton, L’Anse, Kalamazoo, and Midland. The timing is perfect, since Michigan recently adopted its own state science standards, based on the Next Generation Science Standards that emerged from the NRC study. “Everything came together at the right time,” says Huntoon. “Maintaining alignment between the Michigan Science Standards and the Mi-STAR curriculum is important, because schools and school districts that adopt Mi-STAR can know that it meets state science standards and prepares students for high-stakes assessments.”
HOW WILL MI-STAR AFFECT THE SCIENCE CLASSROOMS OF THE FUTURE?
“I think it’s going to be a great model for classrooms nationwide,” says Robin Allen, a sixth-grade teacher at one of the Mi-STAR pilot schools, Northeast Middle School in Midland.”Mi-STAR has developed a curriculum that is interdisciplinary, high energy, authentic, problem-based and of high interest to students. The units are well thought out, and the flow of the lessons makes sense. “ Jennifer Martin teaches sixth, seventh and eighth grade science at L’Anse Junior High School in L’Anse, Mich. She’s excited about the Mi-STAR unit she is piloting with her sixth graders. “In a traditional classroom, the teacher tells the students what they should know and then they make observations,” Martin explains. “Mi-STAR turns that upside down, starting with students making observations and discussing those observations with
their classmates, then developing predictions and collecting their own data to test those predictions.” “One teacher described her students as ‘joyful’ in science class.” For example, in a unit on Michigan’s changing ecosystems, students were doing an experiment focusing on the resources a population needs to survive. So they filled bottles with differing proportions of water, apple juice and yeast. Since yeast needs sugar to reproduce, the students predicted that the bottles with the most apple juice would see more yeast growth. They found out if the yeast was growing by measuring the turbidity or cloudiness of the solution. “Throughout the next few days, students were constantly checking their bottles and making observations,” says Martin. “They collected their data (turbidity), graphed their results and analyzed the class data.” “Mi-STAR involves students more directly in their own learning,” Martin points out. “We still have our bottles with our yeast/apple juice solutions; the students begged me to leave them for a few more days so they could continue observing how they changed.” Like most solutions to complex problems, though, Mi-STAR could create a new challenge by solving an old one. If Mi-STAR works, engaging middle-schoolers in thinking like scientists and engineers—and Huntoon has every reason to think it can—”the expectations of our university students are going to change as they learn science in school in this new way,” she says. “How do we change our university instruction so that it also is more aligned with doing science and engineering than sitting in a classroom learning about it?” Jennifer Donovan is Director of News and Media Relations at Michigan Technological University.
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 31
$1 Million Alumnus Gift Helps Create U of D Mercy Innovative Engineering Center
ooperative education, corporate partnerships, alumnus gifts, state-of-the-art technology. It’s all coming together at the University of Detroit Mercy’s new Center for Automotive Systems Engineering Education (CASEE). The Center, which received a major boost with a $1 million gift from class of 1980 alumnus William L. Kozyra, opened for student use in September. “There is no doubt in my mind that today I have a fabulous career and life as a result of the great education I received at University of Detroit Mercy,” Kozyra said. “I’m lucky enough to be in a position where I can thank the school and help the school provide to other young adults the educational opportunities and the life opportunities I received.” Kozyra is the chairman, chief executive officer and president of Auburn Hills-based TI Automotive, an automotive supplier with more than 125 locations in 28 countries. This gift is an important and significant investment in the future of the university and the type of education Kozyra believes the university will provide for tomorrow’s engineers, said Gary Kuleck, Dean of the College of Engineering and Science. “The Center represents a new chapter in the 105-year history of the College of Engineering & Science at Detroit Mercy,” Kuleck said. “The creation of this state-ofthe-art experiential learning facility will further expand opportunities for student engagement. CASEE introduces our undergraduate students to the vital area of systems engineering to better prepare them for the complexity of Mohammad Fanaei (left) and Utayba Mohammed examine the vehicle breadboard of a Lincoln.
32 | TechCentury | WINTER 2016
Gary Kuleck (left), Dean of College of Engineering & Science, and William Kozyra, CEO, TI Automotive
engineering projects and design at the earliest stages of their careers.” Additional funding came from corporations, foundations and other University of Detroit Mercy alumni. To create the Center, the University partnered with Ford Motor Co., GM Corp., DENSO North America Foundation and many others. The 5,200-square-foot Center is designed to foster student teamwork on collaborative projects including competitive vehicle design, robotics and autonomous vehicle development. It will also allow undergraduate and graduate students to participate in faculty-mentored research projects, Kuleck said. HIGHLIGHTS OF CASEE INCLUDE: � 3 overhead cranes, ample electrical power, 2 garage doors and several heavy isolated and slotted plates for mounting equipment. � Engine room with an engine dynamometer � Control room for data acquisition and to enable automotive sub-system level instruction � Systems room, temperature controlled, to house larger size, floor-mounted sub-systems � Collaborative space with writeable vertical surfaces, computers, and flat-panel monitors for presentation and visualization. “This laboratory, along with co-operative education, will equip our students with the skills they need to be tomorrow’s leading engineers,” Kuleck says. From left: Gary Kuleck, William Kuzyra and Dennis Carlesso, Detroit Mercy Advancement Officer, enjoy opening festivities.
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