L O G I S T I C S O F F I C E R A S S O C I AT I O N Enhancing the military logistics profession since 1982
The Exceptional Release SPRING 2003
EXECUTIVE BOARD President Col Carmen Mezzacappa email@example.com Vice President Lt Col Evan Miller firstname.lastname@example.org Treasurer Major Kevin Sampels email@example.com Assistant Treasurer Lt Col Tracy Smiedendorf firstname.lastname@example.org Membership Development Capt Stephanie Halcrow email@example.com Executive Senior Advisor Lt Gen Michael E. Zettler ANG Advisor Col William Etchison AFRC Advisor Maj Gen Douglas S. Metcalf Retiree Advisor Lt Col (Ret.) Ray Reed firstname.lastname@example.org Historian Col (ret) James E. Maher LOA Website www.loanational.org Webmaster Capt JD DuVall email@example.com
FEATURES It All Begins With Leadership, Lt Gen Michael Zettler . . . . . . . . . . .4 2003 LOA National Conference Scrapbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 2003 Scholarship Winners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 2003 Lt Gen Michael Zettler Lifetime Achievement Award . . . . . . .17 MOA-LOA History - Conferences Past, Jim Maher . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Eagle Flag - Transformational!, Master Sgt. Paul Fazzini . . . . . . .22 Field Training: Proudly Supporting the War Fighter Since WWII, Lt Col Richard Scwing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Transforming Technical Training at the 82nd TRW, Brig Gen Arthur J. Rooney Jr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Force Development Resynchronizes Training & Experience, TSgt David Jablonski . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Expeditionary Leader Development, Maj Lisa Hess . . . . . . . . . . .32 Ammo U - The Tip of the "Ammo-Spear", Lt Jared B. Eros . . . . . .34
In Every Issue Vantage Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
THE EXCEPTIONAL RELEASE
Editor’s Debrief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Editor Col (ret) Kent Mueller firstname.lastname@example.org
CGO Corner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Assistant Editor Lt Col CA Allen Allenassteditior@loanational.org
The Logistician’s Bookshelf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Executive Director, Marketing/PR ER Managing Editor/Publisher Marta Hannon email@example.com Graphic Design MMagination, Inc. - Fairfax, VA LOA National PO Box 2264 – Arlington, VA 22202 ISSUE NO. 90 – FALL 2003
Senior Leader Viewpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Chapter Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 On The Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 ER Cover Photo: ROBINS AIR FORCE BASE, Ga. -- Aircraft battle damage repair instructor Tech. Sgt. Dennis Perine, with the 653rd Combat Logistics Support Squadron, accesses the simulated damage to an F-15 Eagle from a piercing projectile that is used for training. (USAF photo by Sue Sapp) Inset Photo: World War II era engine repair class.
Vantage Point WOW! The Crossroads Chapter just hosted a fantastic, extremely successful conference and
E R : VA N TA G E P O I N T
set the bar pretty high! The turnout was awesome--with spectacular contractor exhibits/support, speakers from around the globe, and the most attendees ever. We hosted 1,053 attendees over the week. TEAM TINKER handled the week and this hallmark event flawlessly and I want to thank some of the key folks: Conference Co-Chairs: Col (sel) Don Sparks & Maj Gene Carter Registration: Maj (sel) Dave Boles & Maj Mike Rollman Protocol: Capt Jennifer Bradley, Capt Jonathan Wright & Lt Col Tish Norman Budget: Capt Meleah Bauman Hotel/AV: Capt Eric Johnson Tickets, Tours, Golf Tournament & Transportation: Capt Rob Kielty Food & Beverage: Capt Sean Robertson Special Services: Capt George Unsinger Tickets, Tours: Capt Dave Spencer Luncheon/Banquet Seating: Ms. Mechille Braden Golf Tournament: Maj Frank Alberga Banquet Slide Show: Col (sel) Jim Hannon, Capt Stephanie Halcrow & Capt Al Allard Contracts: Capt Ray Barben Command Post: Lt Col Mike Wilson Initial bid and planning: Maj Rob Triplett I must recognize Marta Hannon, Lt Col Tracy Smiedendorf, and Capt JD DuVall. This was Marta’s first conference with LOA and she did a superb job! She is persistent, yet patient and extremely professional. Her work was critical to our success and advancement in the level of conference we can host. Next is Lt Col Tracy Smiedendorf, LOA Assistant Treasurer...I could not have overseen pulling this conference together without his help. Tracy worked the speakers (incredibly time intensive), the budget, scholarship donations, and much more behind the scenes. His work furthered the standard for conferences to come. Last, but certainly not least, is Capt DuVall. The time and effort JD put into the website (often working well into the night or weekend) paid huge dividends. Adding Reg-On-Line, various links and ease of use continue to help us grow. I salute each of you, thank you, for all you do for LOA. With all but the final bill paying for the 2003 Conference behind us, we look forward to a super conference in Vegas in ‘ 04. The Blackjack Chapter and the Executive Board have our work cut out! We’re up to the challenge and plan to of make the 2004 National Conference an event you will not want to miss! Nominations for the Zettler, Babbitt, Saunders, Wetekam and Hass awards are due to National soon. Elections for your next LOA Executive Board will be in 2004 – nominations are due this spring. We look forward to bid packages for the 2006 Conference – due in July. I’ve heard we have an interested party in the Pacific Northwest, two in the Southeast, and more. A Columbus Day weekend start is encouraged in keeping with our goal to stabilize conference dates. I solicit your help recruiting new members, being active in your chapter or starting one if there isn’t one at your base. Volunteer to be a LOA mentor or sign up to be a mentee. Together we can become more professional logisticians.
––C O L C A R M E N M E Z Z A C A P P A , LOA President
Editor’s Debrief The E xceptional R elease
A Professional Military Journal written by logisticians for logisticians The purpose of the Logistics Officer Association (LOA) is to enhance the military logistics profession. LOA provides an open forum to promote quality logistics support and logistic officer professional development. Policy on Written Submissions: The editor invites articles and other contributions on issues that support LOA’s purpose. Direct manuscripts, letters and other communications to : firstname.lastname@example.org. Deadlines: The 1st day of March, June, September and December. Story Format: Double-spaced, typed and electronically submitted to email@example.com. Photos & Graphics: Send individual electronic files (hi-res JPG, TIFF or EPS with type as outlines) along with stories (as separate text files) and include cutlines/captions. All photos should be at least 300 dpi or greater resolution. Submitter data: Should be typed at the end of the story file. Information included should be: Rank; full name; service; home mailing address; business name and address; business phone (DSN and commercial); email; three to five sentence biographical sketch; and a photo (as a separate file – see photos and graphics above). Editorial Policy: The editors reserve the right to edit all submissions for length, clarity and libel. All submissions become the property of LOA. Advertisement Formats: Each ad must be sent as a composite hi-res (300 dpi or greater) EPS file with fonts saved as outlines. Full-page ads with bleeds should allow at least 3/8” bleeds. Advertising Contact: Ms Marta Hannon, Managing Editor PO Box 2264 – Arlington, VA 22202 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Subscriptions: The ER is published quarterly and is available via membership in the Logistics Officer Association at the annual rate of $25. Access membership forms on the website at www.loanational.org.
It’s good to be back on the ER staff. I have to say that I missed all the noise and fury associated with the magazine and LOA. Since leaving the Air Force, my path has become systems engineering, but not surprisingly; the nature of running a company is really all about the dynamics of personal leadership and… Logistics!!! Imagine that! So, now teamed with Marta Hannon, Colonel Mary Parker, Lt Col CA Allen, and a terrific editorial team, we are off and running on further opportunities to get the "logistics story" into the pages of the ER. The mission… to continue to brighten, broaden and improve the ER as YOUR journal! How does the ER TEAM top the wartime issue from this summer? Impossible…unless you link it to the BEST LOA Conference in history (well done Tinker TEAM!!) and fill it with the transformational training story that is shaping the future of your Air Force. Add the capstone remarks of Mike Zettler, whose vision and leadership have shaped success, include senior leader viewpoints, topical articles, and just maybe we will have come close to the goodness of logisticians at war. Fortunately, we’re not keeping score, just getting an important message into the hands of LOA members, individuals who will, in fact, create the future warfighting capability of our Air Force. In this issue you will find a view of training and education that is transformational in doctrine, technology and human factors. Ranging from the view from the top, through training wing commanders, key training and operational leaders, to authors illuminating vital processes... All part of growing momentum toward the expeditionary force needed to get to the fight first with the right capabilities needed to win early. Exciting innovations like EAGLE FLAG, and the comments and observations of the CSAF and SECAF, all pointing to the new realities of training to transformational goals…. All vital to the evolution of the world’s best aerospace force! Hope you enjoy reliving LOA 2003, and are ready to "make the jump to light speed" with our Transforming Training authors! I’m here to serve you, and look forward to crafting ER themes that support your professional growth and performance. Having said that, we can use your help with the Winter ER. "Combat Wing Organization, One Year Out," is the focus. The intent is to tell YOUR story when it comes to fielding the CW, and taking it to the fight. Deadline is December 22nd, so get your success stories and lessons learned to the Editorial TEAM... More soon! V/R,
––K E N T M U E L L E R
ER TEAM EXCEPTIONAL RELEASE
It All Begins With Leadership
ER: ZETTLER: IT ALL BEGINS
Lt Gen Michael E. Zettler When I was the commander at Sheppard AFB several years ago I coined the phrase, “It all begins with leadership.” This phrase galvanized the people of Sheppard AFB to turn my commander vision of improvement through leadership into a daily reality at all levels. Not surprisingly, this phrase is just as true today as it was then-but not only for Sheppard AFB. It’s also true for any military or civilian endeavor. Because leadership is central to everything we do or hope to do, I’m going to focus on leadership as the subject of this, my last Exceptional Release article written while serving on active duty.
1Lt Michael E. Zettler
To see just what a difference leadership can make, one need only look at our just concluded annual LOA Conference. Clearly it was an unprecedented success, but how was this great success possible? I believe it was possible because the leadership team of Colonel Carmen Mezzacappa, our LOA President, and her LOA National Board members, began with a vision…a vision of a LOA conference unlike any conference before it. Using that vision to guide everything they did-the planning, the coordinating, and the follow-up-they inspired the Tinker AFB, LOA Crossroads team, led by Lt Col Don Sparks, Maj Gene Carter and Capt Dave Boles, to achieve what hadn’t been achieved before. I visited Tinker in July and saw first-hand how the LOA Crossroads team likewise inspired people across Tinker AFB, and throughout the Air Force and the defense industrial base, to superbly prepare for and execute this largest-ever LOA conference. This ambitious endeavor was a complete success by any measure. The fact that over 1,000 public and private sector LOA members from all over the globe attended, learned, networked and had a great time is the direct result of the vision and efforts of the leaders who worked so hard to pull it all together. Clearly this success began with leadership. In a larger sense, and as we move to the future, leadership is the key element to increasing our capabilities and enhancing our relevance. This is true whether from the perspective of a nation, a military service or a professional association. As a professional association comprised primarily of serving Air Force officers in the combat support arena of logistics, leadership must be at the forefront of our thought, style and actions. We must be prepared to lead people and manage processes in peace and war. We must be successful in an expeditionary environment. We must enable our people to expand their potential and be successful in the process. We must be prepared to make decisions large and small, to challenge long-cherished paradigms, and to prioritize and make generation-leaping changes to reinforce our relevance in every arena of endeavor. We must be personally courageous in the face of adversity, and organizationally relentless in the pursuit of excellence. In short…we must lead, and we must achieve. In telling you this, I realize that you may be thinking, “Great…one more lecture on leadership.” I’d reply, “Yes, it is, but there’s a reason for it.” Organizations achieve greatness because of leadership. Leaders get the job done through people. People develop leadership skills in each other. All go hand in glove. As have many, I’ve spent my entire career-a third of a century-looking for those who are prepared to take the huge leadership steps. In the process, and again like many, I’ve helped them hone their leadership skills by providing them training and 1Lt Zettler, DaNang Airfield, Vietnam 4
development opportunities. Likewise, I’ve also helped develop them by putting them in the crucible of leadership. Frankly, that’s the obligation each of us has…to find and develop our replacements, to foster next generation of leaders who will lead by serving and to help all be successful. Said another way, I’m looking for men and women who are looking out for our Air Force. Who are these airmen who will truly put service before self? Who are these airmen who will help train tomorrow’s leaders by seeking duty in AETC schoolhouses, ROTC detachments and in our Officer Training Newly Pinned Lt Col Zettler with family, Greg, Tammy and his wife Elaine School, or by serving at the Air Force Academy as an Air Officer Commanding? Who are these airmen who will take logistics readiness or maintenance squadron “Ops Officer” jobs at the difficult-to-fill but ever-so-important locations? Who are these airmen who think in terms of what needs to be done rather than how does it serve me? Who are these airmen who will make themselves available for assignment worldwide as squadron or group commanders-the most demanding but rewarding form of leadership? Likewise, who are the airmen who will be the next leaders of LOA? Who are these leaders that despite their many day-to-day responsibilities, will take on the major roles and responsibilities of the LOA president, National Board members or the chapter officers? These critical positions need leaders who will make a difference, leaders who will sacrifice to carry this great organization forward. Who will be the next senior advisor, the leader who makes sure the board stays on track and keeps LOA in touch with the Air Force senior leadership? Who will be that leader that despite a crushing schedule will make time for improving LOA? Frankly, as leaders we have no other choice but to respond to these organizational “calls to duty.” Likewise, our response to our personal “call to duty” demands that we make the tough calls in our mission areas and about our people. Frankly, the Air Force faces many difficult challenges over the next few years. These challenges will be in the areas of forecasting, analyzing, organizing, training, equipping, executing and transforming, among other areas. As leaders, we must be able to sort through complex issues, competing priorities and operational risk…and arrive at the best decision sets. We must be the best leaders, the ones with the vision, the strength of purpose and the persistence necessary to ensure that we continue as the “World’s Best Professional Association” serving the “World’s Best Air Force.” We owe it to our nation; we owe it to the people who serve our nation.
2003 LOA National Conference
We also owe it to our people to take care of them-and that caring
Brig Gen Zettler at Sheppard AFB continued on following page... EXCEPTIONAL RELEASE
ER: ZETTLER: IT ALL BEGINS
Col Zettler on target with his grenade launcher.
takes many forms. I remember a senior mentor once told me, “Take good care of your good people.” He then quickly added, “And take good care of your other people too.” Think about it! Leaders place value on individuals, but not all individuals perform equally. A solid leader helps all, but a solid leader also makes the distinction between the two and places the rewards or consequences accordingly. In short, we must foster organizational accountability for personal performance and personal accountability for organizational performance. It’s a complementary relationship…a balance.
All that we are now began with leadership; all that we can become will likewise begin with leadership-and leadership in both domains begins with you. What kind of leader will you be? Will you have a vision? Will you be a thinker? Will you be a doer? Will you inspire others to achieve greatness? Or, will you be one who accepts the status quo? Even worse…will you be one who looks backward and longs for the socalled “good old days?” I know where I stand…and I want you to stand with me-facing forward. So…read about leadership. Read biographies and autobiographies of past leaders. Study leadership styles-including your own. Most important, though, exercise leadership. Do what’s right, smart and needed. Don’t wait to be issued the future; create it! You’ll be amazed at how many follow you and how much you’ll get done. I’m absolutely confident that you’re looking to the future and are ready to lead. I see that when I visit your bases. I see that in your daily efforts. I saw that in each of you during the LOA Conference. I’m comfortable leaving active service because I know that in you, we have the leadership team we need to take our Air Force and our Logistics Officer Association to new heights in the future. And…as it always does…the future begins with leadership, and leadership begins with you.
It’s not “Good-bye.” It’s “See you later.”
General Zettler, Thank you for your leadership, mentorship and wisdom in support of the Logistics Officer Association. Although, we are certainly sad to see you leave active-duty, you will always be welcome in this organization and remembered as one of the Air Force’s most prominent logistics icons. We are very proud of you sir... you’ve gone above and beyond for LOA, our service and our country. God speed! –THE
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Congratulations, Scholarship Winners! MSGT LANCE BEST is an Instrument and Flight Control Systems Master Instructor assigned to the 373d Training Squadron, Detachment 11, Offutt AFB, Nebraska. MSgt Best received his Associate Degree in Avionics Systems Technology and Instructor of Technology and Military Science from CCAF and is currently working toward a Bachelor of Science Degree in Management. MSGT THERESA CERVANTEZ is the Air Combat Command Logistic Liaison Officer for engines at Tinker AFB, Oklahoma. She has an Associates Degree in Logistics from CCAF and is currently attending Park University working towards a degree in Management and Human Resources. MSGT TODD TIPTON is the Superintendent of Munitions Operations and the Munitions Accountable Systems Officer of the Air Force Combat Ammunitions Center (AFCOMAC) 9th Munitions Squadron, Beale AFB, California. He is currently completing his final courses to acquire his under graduate in Criminal Justice and is planning on starting a graduate program in Organizational Leadership in January 2004. SSGT STACY N. KNUTSON is an Aerospace Ground Equipment Journeyman in the 57 Equipment Maintenance Squadron, Aerospace Ground Equipment Flight, 57th Maintenance Group, 57th Wing, Nellis AFB, Nevada. She is currently pursuing a bachelors degree in Biological Science, and completing the course requirements necessary to gain entrance to the Armed Forces enlisted Physicianâ€™s Assistant Commissioning Program. TSGT PHILIP WATSON is the NCOIC of the War Readiness element, assigned to the 6th Logistics Readiness Squadron, 6th Air Mobility Wing, MacDill AFB, Florida. He is currently enrolled at Saint Leo University, majoring in Business Administration with a minor in Management.
Thank You, Scholarship Donors AAI/ACL ATTI THE BOEING COMPANY BOOZ ALLEN HAMILTON
ESSI BAE SYSTEMS KARTA TECHNOLOGIES NORHROP GRUMMAN
PRATT & WHITNEY MR. STEPHEN FARISH MR. PAUL LAVIN MS. WENDY STAHL
($500 and up) MR. DENNY PORTZ MR. STEVE POWERS MR. GEARY WALLACE
Lt Gen Michael E. Zettler Lifetime Achievement Award LOA is proud to announce the Lt Gen Michael E. Zettler Lifetime Achievement Award. This new award is named after Lt Gen Michael E. Zettler, Deputy Chief of Staff for Installations and Logistics, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. General Zettler is responsible to the Chief of Staff for leadership, management and integration of Air Force civil engineering, communications operations, services, supply, transportation, maintenance, and munitions policies and resourcing to enhance productivity and combat readiness while improving quality of life for Air Force people. Gen Michael Zettler with Gen John Jumper and Dr. James Roche
The purpose of the Lifetime Achievement Award is to recognize members of the Logistics Officer Association who have WARD INNERS demonstrated sustained, superior leadership in service to this organization. The nominees for this award must have at least 20 years of service in a logistics-related career and at least 10 years of membership in the LOA. Each LOA Chapter President and LOA Executive Committee member may subCol Carmen Mezzacappa mit a nominee for this award.
2003 L IFETIME A CHIEVEMENT A
Gen (ret) Leo Marquez
Lt Col (ret) Ray Reed
Thank You Sponsors! GOLD SPONSORS: Advanced Testing Technologies, Inc. The Nordam Group Alaska Structures S I LV E R S P O N S O R S : Lockheed-Martin ! Pratt & Whitney K E Y C A R D S P O N S O R : The Boeing Company V E N D O R R E C E P T I O N S P O N S O R : Alaska Structures I C E B R E A K E R S P O N S O R : Northrop-Grumman
G O L F T O U R N A M E N T S P O N S O R : The Nordam Group Z E T T L E R L I F E T I M E A C H I E V E M E N T A W A R D S P O N S O R : CACI B A B B I T T A W A R D S P O N S O R : BearingPoint. Inc.
MOA-LOA History: Conferences – A Look Back By Jim Maher - LOA Historian
Hats off to the Tinker Crossroads Chapter! I
ER: MOA-LOA HISTORY
think I can safely say that the 2003 LOA National Conference in “OK City” was the biggest and best to date: an especially impressive feat considering the many distractions, and demands, of the current global situation. Nellis – you’ve been challenged! We’re all waiting to see what you have up your sleeves for ‘04. Keep the momentum going! Did you know that there have been 19 MOA/LOA National Conventions/Conferences scheduled since MOA was established in 1982? That’s right, 19. But, only 16 actually convened. The numbers don’t add up, right? This is 2003, not 2002! Here’s why. The First Annual MOA Convention occurred in Hampton, Virginia 11-12 Nov 1983. Twenty some MOA members were in attendance and retired Maj Gen Albert G. Rogers, former TAC/LG was the keynote speaker, addressing the difference between leadership and management. The first convention was considered a definite success for the fledgling MOA. However, MOA did not plan a convention in 1984 and the 2nd Annual was actually held in Arlington, VA, 22-24 March 1985. A little over 70 members attended, more than doubling the first conference participation. 1986 saw the 3rd Annual, again in Arlington, 2-4 May of that year. Attendance dropped off a little, with just over 50 members participating. The 4th convention “happened” in San Antonio, 16-18 October ‘87. Some 87 members attended and Major General Lewis Curtis, Commander SA-ALC at the time gave the keynote luncheon speech. USAF Col Steven Nagel, NASA Astronaut assigned to the Johnson Space Center, gave the keynote banquet speech. The following year, the Kelly Chapter also hosted the 5th Annual MOA Convention…again in “San Antone”, 14-16 October 1988. The theme was “Biting the Bullet – 1990’s Outlook”, which was a reflection of the times and the mood. Even so, the convention drew 111 members, the best showing as of that date. The luncheon speaker was Lt
Gen McDonald, USAF DCS Logistics and the banquet keynoter was Col Edward Hubbard, Deputy for Safety, Eglin AFB, FL. The bulk of the seminars dealt with budget impacts on the various MAJCOMS, but Col Tom Vitamvas changed the mood with his presentation e n t i t l e d “Maintenance in China”. This same year, the UK District An early ER Chapter of EURMOA held its MOA conference, with 31 maintainers in attendance. Then an interesting thing happened. MOA leadership cancelled what would have been the 6th Annual Convention in 1989, scheduled for Dayton OH, due to “lack of interest,” of all things. It seemed that MOA was struggling to stay alive. Just as association leadership thought they were about to turn the corner and recover, the other shoe dropped: Desert Storm causing MOA to cancel the 1990 Convention. Was this the end of MOA? It was tough keeping the organization active, and even tougher to get participation for another convention, but MOA leaders persevered and the 6th Annual was held in Tyson’s Corner, VA 1-3 November 1991. The MOA President, then Lt Col Don Wetekam was successful in getting the CSAF, General McPeak as a luncheon speaker, and Lt Gen Viccelio, Former USAF DCS Logistics and current Director of the Joint Staff at the time as the banquet keynote speaker. The event was billed as an
International Convention and nearly 20 private contractors supported the effort. A total of 101 attendees participated, roughly 10% of the MOA membership at the time. However, MOA was still fighting an uphill battle to keep the organization moving forward and the next convention General Leo Marquez was delayed from 1992 until February of 1993, when the 7th Annual MOA Convention finally met, 11-13 February, once again in Arlington, VA. Lt Gen Leo Marquez, USAF DCS Logistics and Engineering gave the keynote banquet speech. From 4-6 May 1994, Tinker AFB hosted the 8th Annual MOA Convention at Tinker AFB, OK beginning a tradition that continued with this year’s notable event. In ‘94, AFMC’s Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center, ACC’s 552d Air Control Wing, and the MOA OK City Chapter jointly hosted the convention. The theme was “Global Reach, Global Power, Global Support”. Then Lt Col Jim Hass was the Convention Chairman. Maj Gen Eickmann, AFMC Director of Logistics spoke at the luncheon and Maj Gen Babbitt, DLA/MM spoke at the banquet. Well, in 1995 MOA began to resurrect itself with the robust 9th Annual held in San Antonio 10-13 General George T. Babbitt September. “The Home of the Alamo and Riverwalk” and The San Antonio Logistics Officer Association hosted this convention. Col Chadwick, OC-ALC/LI gave the luncheon speech and Lt Gen (ret) Marquez was the keynoter at the banquet. Please note the Chapter was a LOA and the National Organization was a MOA. Were the Texans on to something? There were 169 attendees at this function. Things were looking up. The OK City chapter took up the gauntlet when MOA was seeking its next convention host and once again ran
the 10th National Convention in September 1996 at the Tinker AFB depot. In 1997, the mesmerizing effect of the Gulf of Mexico and the white sands of the Emerald Coast beaches drew the 11th MOA Convention to Ft. Walton Beach, FL, 27-30 October, where the AFSOC crew from Hurlburt Field did an admirable job of keeping most attendees off the beach and in the convention. This convention marked MOA’s 15th year milestone, but the proponents of LOA versus MOA were beginning to gather strength and become vocal. The following year saw the 12th and what would be the last National MOA Convention come together at the Egyptian Center in Ogden, Utah, 26-28 October 1998, hosted by the “Wasatch Warriors” of Hill AFB. During this “Year of the Chapters” convention, Lt Gen (ret) Marquez was the luncheon speaker and General Babbitt, AFMC/CC, spoke at the Banquet. The convention theme was “Maintenance Optimizing Technological Advances”. During this convention, the emotional issue of “MOA or LOA?” came to a head as MOA began, in the face of strong vocal opposition from some die hard MOA members, to redefine itself as what has since become the current Logistics Officer Association (LOA). Yes, the Texans did have it right in ‘95! 1999 was a memorable year. Norfolk, Virginia was the venue. Conventions changed to Conferences, and the First Annual LOA Conference stepped into history 14-17 November hosted by the Langley LOA Chapter. The theme was “EAF: The Logisticians’ Challenge”. Not all opposition to the LOA transition had been overcome, but the first bold steps had been taken to set the new organization identity firmly into concrete. The birth of LOA had become a “fait accompli”. General Eberhart, ACC Commander, was the banquet speaker, and there were nearly 400 members in attendance and over 40 exhibitors at the conference. Luke AFB hosted the 2000 LOA National Conference in Phoenix, AZ, from 22-25 October. The LOA rank and file enjoyed a great conference and were becoming more and more accustomed to the “LOA” versus “MOA” change. The voices of opposition were, indeed, fading fast. The continued on following page...
ER: MOA-LOA HISTORY
conference theme was “Sustaining C o m b a t Capability into the 21st Century”. The banquet speaker was General John Handy USAF Vice Chief of Staff. One of the highlights was an informal MOA reunion dinner, which helped finally Conference booklets through the years move MOA into the realm of past history. MOA could be proud of its heritage and growth, as well as maintaining its focus on its original objectives. Now was the time to let go, acknowledge the realities of the day, and move forward. The Warner Robins Air Logistics Center Chapter won the right to orchestrate the 3rd LOA National Conference to be held in 2001. Atlanta, GA was selected and final preparations were underway when terrorists attacked the United States. The US Air Force, along with the rest of the country stepped into a global war against terrorism on the 11th of September 2001, “9/11”, and the Atlanta conference was immediately cancelled as American military logisticians everywhere were thrust into planning the first campaigns of the Global War against Terrorism that kicked off with the first strikes into Afghanistan. Even with the Global War against Terrorism in full swing, the Logistics Officer Association felt it necessary to continue the National Conference movement and held its 4th National Conference, hosted by the Capital Chapter, in Crystal City, VA 3-6 September 2002. The conference was a success and marked the 20th anniversary of MOA/LOA. The assembled members were privileged to hear retired Lt Col Larry Matthews, original founder and first President of MOA, colorfully describe how and why the idea of a MOA 20 F A L L
was conceived and reminisces of the new organization’s formative years. Kudos to the Capital Chapter for finding the time to host such an event in the midst of the rigors of prosecuting a shooting war half a world away, under demanding conditions that taxed US military logisticians to the fullest. Well, that brings us up to the most recent event, the just completed, highly successful 5th National LOA Conference. The largest and best to date, it was attended by over 1,000 people and supported by a record number of vendors, with over 90 booth spaces. This conference, more than any that has gone before it, is testimony to the wisdom of moving from a MOA to a LOA. This is borne out by the phenomenal growth in both membership and contractor support. Held in the midst of a continuing war on terrorism that shifted focus from Afghanistan to Iraq, and severely taxed logisticians of all the Armed Services, it still drew record participation, was permeated by an air of optimism and left one with the distinct impression that LOA is here to stay and is a significant factor in today’s military logistics world. The impressive number of dignitaries that attended and/or spoke at the conference, stressing jointness and the critical role of today’s logisticians in military planning and operations, confirmed this impression. Our sincerest appreciation to SECAF Dr. Jim Roche, USAF Chief of Staff General Jumper and all of the numerous senior leaders who attended and contributed their insights to this year’s LOA conference. So, it’s on to Las Vegas in 2004. Better sign up early because we expect 2004 to be even bigger than 2003. You don’t want to miss getting a seat by dragging your feet. See you there! K
EAGLE FLAG…. Transformational !
n ten days, Air Force expeditionary combat-support people opened and established a new air base here during the Air Force’s newest flag-level exercise, Eagle Flag. The inaugural exercise ended Oct. 22. Eagle Flag challenged airmen to open and establish a bare base for any mission or aircraft type, using the force-module concept. This exercise applied some lessons learned from operations around the world, including operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. The base is now ready to generate missions, according to Col Robert Yates. He is the 27th Fighter Wing commander from Cannon AFB, N.M., and was the air expeditionary wing commander for Eagle Flag. “We can fly, fight and win because of the mission supporters we have here right now,” he said
“The warfighters from Cannon and all the other bases had this place looking lethal in no time at all ... that is expeditionary capability” Air Mobility Warfare Center’s 421st Training Squadron airmen at nearby Fort Dix said they were enthusiastic for the inaugural Eagle Flag, and since the 130-plus-person cadre spent more than six months preparing for it.
“The whole idea behind the expeditionary Air Force is to be able to plan and execute air and space power anywhere on the globe, and this is the capability that allows us to do it in the way we train.” — Gen John P. Jumper, Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force
Photo: Airmen from the 27th Fighter Wing at Cannon AFB, N.M., prepare their sleeping quarters inside a hangar here before the kickoff of the Air Force’s newest flag-level exercise, Eagle Flag. (USAF photo by SSgt. Jerry Morrison Jr.)
“We wanted to be able to put on an exercise that would allow our expeditionary combat-support professionals an opportunity to integrate as a team to open a base ... at an austere location. And, my expectations were far exceeded,” said Col Joan Cunningham, special assistant to the center’s commander for Eagle Flag. “The participants were able to work well together. They had a good plan going in, and they were able to show they could receive and generate mission forces by the ... deadline.”
“What is different,” she said, “is coming with the new force-module concept of expeditionary combat support. That concept, to go to war and establish a base, is important and vital for the Air Force to have.”
As in any new operation or exercise, there is going to be a learning curve, she said. “I think we need to fine tune our force modules and our sequencing before we get it absolutely right. General Jumper is fond of saying that he is 100-percent positive that we don’t have it 100-percent right, and I think he is right. There were quite a few challenges, the same kind of challenges you’d face in any country you’d go do something The role-playing host-nation commander debates with a base offi- like this, so that made it very cial about the accommodations needed by his troops to complete realistic,” Firmin said.
“Anytime you pick up and move a base ... and establish (another) from nothing (it) is very difficult because you are bringing a lot of diverse groups together. It’s a difficult task, but it’s one we took on and excelled at. The fact that we their mission during the inaugural Eagle Flag. (USAF photo by Now that the exercise is comSSgt Jerry Morrison Jr.) pulled together and worked as pleted, the 421st TRS cadre will a team was absolutely essenbegin its next big assignment. “Eagle Flag allowed us to tial.” said Col Lisa Firmin, the 27th Mission Support exercise this concept to see how we can make tweaks and Group commander at Cannon AFB and the deployed improvements in future operations ...” Cunningham said. commander for the exercise. “Now we’ll put our heads together to take a look at the The role of a mission-support commander at a home base results. Having completed the exercise and assessed the is very similar to the role at a bare base because they are capabilities, we now need to draw conclusions, examine both dealing with the people and the infrastructure, lessons learned and develop a plan to improve future exercises.” About eight Eagle Flag exercises are scheduled for Firmin said. fiscal 2004, with the next one slated to begin in January. Dr. James G. Roche, Secretary of the Air Force, termed this expeditionary transformation “critical to the nation’s ability to project power.” He added “All the things we do in the Air Force have to do with studying and practicing to get unnecessary time out of things. That, is critical in combat operations.” EAGLE FLAG is certainly on the leading edge of the transformation effort! MSgt Paul Fazzini is a staff writer for USAF News K A role-playing town constable from the 421st Training Squadron at Fort Dix, N.J., talks to a participant as part of an Eagle Flag scenario here. (USAF photo by SSgt Jerry Morrison Jr.)
Proudly Supporting the War Fighter Since WWII! By Lt Col Richard Schwing The scene: Early July 1944, Normandy, France. The allies secured the beachhead following D-Day and the flow of supplies has started. Here follows an eyewitness account: Space was at a premium. Only goods of high priority were given shipping room. Then the GI dockworkers blinked...Out of the belly of a landing ship rolled a little OD (olive drab) schoolroom in the shape of a 5-ton semi-trailer. With its faculty of eight sergeants and an officer it got into the line of traffic winding between shell holes and bomb craters toward the front. Next morning beside a French pasture converted into an airstrip for P47 Thunderbolts, the little OD schoolhouse was holding classes within the sound of guns.
This story illustrates the beginnings of field training, which has a proud heritage of training and supporting the maintenance professionals that keep our aircraft flying. In World War II, P-38 engine mechanics needed training quickly. Teams of instructors were formed along with a mobile schoolhouse on wheels called a “Mobile Training Unit,” which were dispatched direct to the frontline maintainers. “Mobile Training Unit” became “Mobile Training Detachment” and then finally “Field Training Detachment (FTD)” -- FTD was born. FTD has come a long way from the austere airfields of World War II and Korea. Today’s FTD is headquartered at the 982d Training Group (TRG), Sheppard AFB, Texas, and charged with providing state-of-the-art, high-fidelity
aerospace maintenance training in direct operational support to the EAF, DoD components, and allies -- any time, any place. I’d like to introduce you to today’s FTD, tell you something about our structure, unique aspects, and vision for upgrading our classrooms, and conclude by highlighting the significant leadership opportunities for maintenance officers in our critical organization.
duty process, with the squadron commander reviewing each instructor-hiring package for approval. We are very proud of our quality instructors, 98% of which have received their associates degrees with many pursuing further education. As a testament to our high standards and excellent promotion rate, 2002 yielded the promotion of a detachment chief to the rank of Chief Master Sergeant.
The 982 TRG is one of four training groups assigned to the 82d Training Wing. We currently have 1,100 personnel assigned and are organized into three squadrons, the 982d Maintenance Squadron (MXS), the 372d Training Squadron (TRS), and the 373 TRS. The group has 46 geographically separated units: 27 detachment/operating locations in the 372 TRS, 17 in the 373 TRS, and two operating locations in the 982 MXS. Finally, the group has 21 maintenance officers, nine at Sheppard and twelve in the field as Detachment Commanders.
FTD is at the forefront of a critical new training concept for depot maintenance technicians. Through a partnership between AFMC and AETC, FTD was chosen to provide initial skills and advanced maintenance training to AFMC depot maintenance technicians at Robins, Tinker, and Hill AFB. At Robins AFB, our FTD started the first formal course for depot instructors on 7 July 2003. We estimate to train 4,000 technicians per year once fully implemented. Previously, depot technicians had to go TDY to receive required training--our new concept with in-place training capability brings the training to the customer.
The 982 MXS came to the group under the Air Force-wide reorganization of base-level maintenance in 2002. A unique Another change to FTD’s structure and capability occurred squadron with a critical mission, our MXS maintains the 89 in early 2003. After an extensive planning process, the mission ready airmen (MRA) ground training aircraft crew chief training programs at assigned to Sheppard, Luke, Tyndall, Davis-Monthan, plus 1,100 maintenanceLittle Rock, and Dover AFB training devices (MTD) were transferred under the conworldwide. MXS control of existing FTDs at those sists of 13 blue-suit mililocations. Previously, the MRA tary, 70 government programs were operating locacivilians, and 150 contions of the 360 or 362 TRS tract personnel. MXS here at Sheppard. This change trainer development streamlined the maintenance involves the research, training structure and provided design, procurement, “one face” to the customer at construction, and susSSgt Alexander Sellner (middle), 373 TRS McGuire AFB FTD, conducts a each base. tainment of MTD’s. class using Classroom 2005 digital technology. (Photo courtesy of 373 TRS) The transfer of MXS Technological upgrades to our into the 982d TRG has enabled outstanding synergy between classrooms are a key goal of FTD. Classroom 2005 (CR2K5) FTD training managers and trainer development personnel. is our plan to bring FTD classrooms into the digital age. The 372/373 TRS are split by the types of aircraft and Phase one will equip each of our 706 classrooms with a digmaintainers their instructors support. The 372d trains fight- ital interactive whiteboard. Phase two will be a major transer, bomber, and overseas aircraft maintainers, while the formation--each student will have a flat screen monitor and 373d trains tanker, airlift, and special mission aircraft main- a “thin client” allowing access to certain programs controlled tainers. FTD instructors are assigned through the special continued on following page...
FTD offers unique and challenging jobs for maintenance officers, who get involved in a wide range of cutting-edge AF logistics issues. For example, we are working on the F/A-22, CV-22, Joint Strike Fighter, and 767 Tanker The formal training aspects of maintenance-training plans. Our FTD are well known throughFTDs provide training to allied out the maintenance communations on the C-17, HH-60, nity. However, FTDs can proand 767 AWACS aircraft. Our vide other training avenues maintenance officers at FTD such as tailored partial coursTSgt Wesley Howard (left), 372 TRS Whiteman AFB FTD, evalu- headquarters learn much about es to any customer on base. ates a student on B-2 Aircraft Safe for Maintenance procedures. the entire training process and We can also augment the (Photo courtesy of 373 TRS) its importance to mission flightline by troubleshooting accomplishment. Our 12 Detachment Commander positions NMC aircraft or performing launch/recovery operations, taioffer a tremendous leadership challenge for young mainteloring our training to what tasks are required. Our expert nance officers, with command authority on G-series orders. instructors are ready and able to assist the maintainers howLeading anywhere from 40-70 personnel, the FTD comever they can. mander has sole authority to ensure the FTD delivers qualiRecently FTD supported the deployed maintenance effort for ty maintenance training to our host maintainers. Operation ENDURING FREEDOM. SSgt Bill Glynn, an FTD has a long history providing high-quality training to aircraft armament systems instructor with Detachment 307, aircraft maintainers all over the world, through every conHurlburt Field, deployed to â€œLocation Qâ€? for 90 days in supflict since World War II. We are proud of our heritage and port of the 16th Special Operations Wing. SSgt Glynn look forward to bringing our classrooms into the digital age. focused on maintaining MH-53 gun systems, while also proIf you would like more information about FTD and the 982 viding 29 training sessions for three other weapons techniTRG, or are interested in a commander position at one of cians. This type of deployed support is available to the war our worldwide detachments or headquarters at Sheppard fighter throughout the Air Force. AFB, visit our website at https://webm.sheppard.af.mil/ 982trg/ index.htm for more information.
ER: FIELD TRAINING
by the instructor. CR2K5 will enable our FTDs to train using digital technical orders, which will eventually be the standard for every weapon system.
Commander, 373d Training Squadron, Sheppard AFB, TX. He is also the President of the LOA Texoma Chapter. K
982 MXS and 82 TRW representatives perform final quality acceptance inspection for civil engineering boiler trainers. (Photo courtesy of 373 TRS) 26 F A L L
LOGISTICS OFFICER CREED By: Lt. Ernest “Nest” Cage, USAF I am a United States Air Force Logistics Officer, and I am proud of my Corps. I am the driving force and backbone of the finest Aerospace Force on the planet. I speak many different languages, maintenance, munitions, transportation, supply, fuels, contracting, and plans, which come together as one to produce an agile and ready fighting force. I solve problems, and invent new solutions, always with the past, present, and future in mind. I am a leader, mentor, and commander of troops… the finest in the world, they are my top priority. I am respected by aviators and supporters alike for my professionalism, and skills set, without me the mission cannot be accomplished, so I must always be ready. I exemplify the core values of integrity, service before self, and excellence in everything I do. Mission accomplishment is the cornerstone of my existence. I have faith in my God and my family…. from them I gain my strength. I can aspire to wear silver oak leafs, eagles and stars during my tenure, but above all I must aspire to be the best logistician I can be everyday, for I know every time I don my uniform, my Air Force and Nation are depending on me to project Air Power. The integrity of my Corps depends on me and my actions.
Transforming Technical Training at the 82d Training Wing By BrigGen Arthur J. Rooney, Jr. The concept of “transformation” can be nebulous, for some, merely a term used by senior leaders and politicians. But transformation isn’t just a term to impress reporters or party guests; indeed the USAF has “Transformed” since birth. In the 82nd Training Wing “transformation” has become embedded in our culture-it’s central to how we do business on a daily basis. It’s hard to get a handle on what exactly transformation entails when you hear things like “the process of transformation begins and ends with our people by allowing us to tailor our organizations to enhance concepts of operations
to evolving technology.” That’s a great textbook definition, but surely that doesn’t apply to those of us at Sheppard, plowing away in the business of technical training…you’d better believe it does! In more understandable terms; we adapt organizationally, use new technology, and craft training policies and procedures to transform our students into a more modern expeditionary force.
O R G A N I Z AT I O N Our military predecessors understood the perpetual need for training. Interestingly, one of the first vehicles to hit the beach at Normandy during D-Day carried a contingent of field training professionals. Now that is EXPEDITIONARY!
Photo:The new digital MOC simulator used in the last block of the Aircraft Maintenance Officers Course - no more plexiglass and grease pencils! (Photo provided by the 361st Training Squadron)
TECHNOLOGY Today, we’ve restructured At the heart of transformation is the urgent need for many of our our military to develop, adapt and leverage new techagencies on nologies to maintain our competitive advantages! base and at Much like consumers update the software on their our field computers, the military is updating its communicatraining tions, networks, imaging, supply chain, and maintedetachments nance systems. Remember, if you’re not fighting, to provide you’re training to fight; so as our fighting force one face to becomes more advanced, our training has to be updatour customers ed to get new technology to the field. with one aim Spearheading this effort, the 982d TRG’s Classroom combat 2005 is an interactive method of instruction designed capability in to boost student involvement. More involved students the form of Airmen 1st Class Andrew Cox (left) and Joshua Massey pre- retain the material better, and more knowledgeable m i s s i o n - pare to launch a KC-135 Stratotanker. Cox is assigned to the students not only complete the course, they have a ready airmen 380th Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron, and was given deeper understanding of their jobs. (MRA). This the opportunity to be a crew chief for a day. Massey is a KCmission focus 135 crew chief from the 380th Expeditionary Aircraft The 82nd Training Group also recently vaulted interMaintenance Squadron. (USAF photo by Senior Airman active training to the next level with a state-of-the-art is expressed Rachel Bush) flight line simulator for the Aircraft Maintenance in our motto Officer Course. The group designed a simulator that trans“Combat Capability Starts Here.” formed a 30-yearIn a flagship effort earlier this year, the 982nd Training old painted Group, one of four groups within the 82nd TRW, assumed image of a flight responsibility for the “hot training” portion of the MRA line with a few program, combining the efforts of our Field Training simple lights into Detachments (FTD) and Operating Locations. Tyndall, an interactive Luke and Davis-Monthan AFBs now feature both MRA computer animaand FTD crew chief courses, providing units with flexible tion of a flight training; flexibility much like that which landed at line projected Normandy…. expeditionary. onto a 12-feet Another initiative in progress is a breakout of MRA spe- long video wall. cific training. Currently, airmen assigned to the same type Additionally, the of aircraft all go through the same training regardless of student interface the specific model they’ll be assigned. There’s no question with the simulathat an F-15C is much different than an F-15E! tor transformed from antiquated This saves time, money, and effort because airmen learn on dials and toggle the exact same model of aircraft that they’ll eventually be switches to working on everyday. Transforming detachments and flex- touch screen An F-15E armament systems apprentice student, ible training gets our crew chiefs on the flightline faster, computers. This 363 TRS, uses the F-15E virtual reality trainer to insertion of learn safe-for-maintenance procedures. (Photo proreplenishing America’s combat capability. vided by the 361st Training Squadron)
continued on following page... EXCEPTIONAL RELEASE
ER: TRANSFORMING TECHNICAL TRAINING
computer technology provides students with a more comprehensive view of all the activities required by countless maintainers to launch sorties. We’re not talking about far-off technology here: students learn with interactive software programs, virtual reality, and Smartboards - not chalkboards! Airman Jeremy Bustos, a student from the 365th Training Squadron, does an inter-communication operational check as instructor Staff Sgt. Bret Smith looks on. (Photo provided by the 361st Training Squadron)
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Our leaders are taking transformation to heart. You can expect to see these concepts again on deployment or at your next duty assignment. Our Chief of Staff, General Jumper, has commissioned a short pamphlet that outlines transformation throughout the Air Force. It’s called “The Edge” - I encourage you to read it at www.xp.hq.af.mil/ xpx/docs/EDGEweb.pdf.
WHOLE PERSON FOCUS
We should always be looking for opportunities to improve our performance. Since students are our focus, we need to do everything possible to prepare them to succeed. For instance, the Wing Learning and Development Center (LDC) offers a wide array of essential courses such as basic financial management to organizational habits and time management to build the life skills all airmen will need during their school and later in their career.
A 361st Training Squadron student uses a remote wireless laptop during class instead of bulky technical orders. The laptops are one of the advancements in technology that has streamlined the training process at Sheppard. (Photo provided by the 361st Training Squadron)
Instead of waiting for students to struggle, we’re benefiting all our airmen by providing them with a strong foundation for their schooling. We’re averaging approximately 600-800 students in these courses per week; at least one technical training class has reported that when students took classes at the LDC, washbacks dropped by 30%! …transforming our airmen…and their success in training!
TSgt Gary Lane, 361 TRS, uses a laptop with digital technical data for the F108 engine. (Photo provided by the 361st Training Squadron)
Understanding that transformation is a process instead of an end-state is the key to understanding our mission. Whether it’s on the beaches of Normandy, the rocky hills of Afghanistan, or right here at Sheppard - transformation is all around us! Brig Gen Arthur J. Rooney Jr. is Commander, 82nd Training Wing, Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas. General Rooney holds responsibility for the technical and health care training of approximately 40,000 Air Force, Army, Navy and Marine Corps students each year. K
Force Development Resynchronizes Training & Experience by Tech Sgt. David A. Jablonski, USAF News A newly formed council will oversee the Air Force’s initiative to develop people with the enduring skills and occupational competencies necessary to meet future air and space mission challenges. Force development council officials will provide Air Force-level guidance for regulatory policies, program guidelines and Air Force-wide implementation, said Brig Gen Richard S. Hassan, the Air Force’s senior leadership management office director. The overall goal of force development is to successfully accomplish “The foundational doctrine for force development is based the full spectrum of changing Air Force missions by developing offion what we need our people to know, when we want them cers with the required skills, knowledge and experience to lead and to know it, and what they must be able to do with that inforexecute current and future mission capabilities. Attaining this goal mation,” Hassan said. requires the Air Force to achieve the following key objectives: The council will serve as a corporate body to provide an institutional perspective on issues and make recommendations to the Air Force secretary and chief of staff.
Deliberately connect all training and educational opportunities to assignment experiences to best build competencies that meet Air Force needs in and across career fields.
Under the council, Air Force officials also created the force development office, a support office and development teams to “operationalize” force development within the Air Force. These entities will implement the force development doctrine.
" Purposefully connect individuals’ goals to Air Force needs to best achieve both. " Ensure Air Force personnel-directed decision processes invest the right education, training and experience in the right officers at the right time while meeting Air Force requirements. " Better use all the strengths of officer, enlisted, civilian, Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard people. " Enhance the understanding of all airmen and their roles in development, using their inputs in the assignment process and providing feedback to inform and shape expectations.
“People are what make our Air Force the greatest air and space force, and we need to invest in them wisely,” the general said. “Training and education are the centerpiece investments we make in them, and our people’s excellence in all they do is the Air Force’s return on that investment.” The current system itself must change to cultivate airmen, he added.
EXPEDITIONARY LEADER DEVELOPMENT
By Maj Lisa Hess t Gen Michael Zettler, Deputy Chief of Staff, Installations and Logistics (AF/IL) described "our Air Force today [as] expeditionary, and our prime operating environment is in a deployed state." The Combat Wing Organization (CWO) and evolving Combat Support Command and Control (CSC2) doctrine demand new skill and knowledge sets for logisticians. As a result, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force (CSAF), AF/IL, Agile Combat Support (ACS) Executive Steering Group, and Colonel's Advisory Group are focused on training and leadership for Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel, and Facilities (DOTMLPF). The objective is to "grow" Mission Support Group Commanders (MSG/CC) and other combat support colonels for the expeditionary environment at wing level and above.
The MSG/CC Course, the Expeditionary Combat Support (ECS) Executive Warrior Course (E2WC), the EAGLE FLAG capstone exercise, Air Command and Staff College's (ACSC) eight new specialized studies including "Agile Combat Support", Air Force Institute of Technology short courses, and the Advanced Logistics Readiness Officer Course will provide the special expertise needed to grow ACS leaders. Mission Support Group commander (MSG/CC) Course, Maxwell AFB, AL. The Logistics Group Commander and Support Group Commander courses have transitioned to Maintenance Group and Mission Support Group Commander courses. The Air University (AU) courses traditionally focused on peacetime/home station issues. Now, expeditionary topics are featured in the MSG/CC course with experienced expeditionary speakers and panels, and ECS training sessions. ECS Executive Warrior Course (E2WC), Air Mobility Warfare Center (AMWC), Ft. Dix, NJ. This new course will stand up in January 2004 for A-4s to provide training at the operational level of war. It will consist of three parts; a mentor's bureau, a 1-week seminar, and a quick reference handbook. The mentor's bureau will provide access to graduated counterparts for guidance. The mentor bureau, panels, and the handbook will provide hot topics in combat support, including lessons learned, reach back supply, deployment preparation, and base bed down and operations. Eagle Flag, AMWC, Ft. Dix, NJ. Eagle Flag's mission is to exercise opening and establishing an airbase to initial operating capability and provide initial command and control.
(Logistics Readiness Officers, 6 Combining Global Mobility and to 8 year captains) who possess Agile Combat Support Concepts special expertise in the appliof Operations (CONOPS) and cation of expeditionary logisEagle Flag, we can reduce the foottics and the ability to leverage print for this mission while having effects-based logistics to a new airfield ready for mission improve combat capability. It forces in record time. Eagle Flag will focus on the ACS processwill consist of 29 functional areas. A one-week, fully integrated field es of Readying the Force, training experience first run in Preparing the Battlespace, Capt. Tiamo Strother watches Senior Airman Chhay Uy use the October, 2003, it provides a learn- Raindrop goggles during a Red Flag war-training scenario. The Positioning the Force, ing environment before deploying. goggles are used in a 3-D presentation to select the exact point for Employing the Force, It completes AEF preparatory targeting. The airmen provide target coordinates for strike aircraft Sustaining the Force, and training, "integrating combat sup- to hit enemy targets. (USAF photo by Master Sgt John E. Lasky) Recovering the Force. port specialties into one military Graduates will be targeted for operation striving toward a single mission," according to key positions in Logistics Readiness Squadrons, Wing Maj Gen Peppe, Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff of Combat Support Centers, A-4/A-5, Air Operations the Air Force for Air Expeditionary Force matters. Centers, Regional Supply Squadrons and other CSC2 nodes. The first class will be February 04. ACSC "Agile Combat Support", Maxwell AFB, AL. At CORONA Fall 2002, Expeditionary experts will Air Force leaders crafted emerge from these speciala new vision for "deliberized courses, leaders ready ate personnel developto shape success at home ment" and in November station or around the 2002, CSAF released the world. In addition, as Force Development conthese programs mature, struct. It links education, processes are being put in training, experience, proplace to ensure tactics, motions, and assignment techniques, and procepolicies and programs to dures (TTP) are updated, Airmen plan and execute the air war in the European Theater inside the air operaforce requirements and tions center at Ramstein AB. The airmen participated in the Air Forceâ€™s annual air- lessons learned are incorinstitutional needs. To power combat training exercise. (USAF photo by MSgt Bill Kimble) porated into training and support this vision, the doctrine. The next likely new ACSC course conpush in the leadership piltains three modules focused on strategy and airpower, lead- lar of DOTMLPF will be incorporation of more combat supership and joint warfighting, and specialized studies. port C2 into exercises and wargames. The results should be Courses being developed for the specialized study program well trained and led combat support, any time, any where. are Air & Space Power Employment, Plans & Programs, Maj Hess is an Agile Combat Support Capabilities Acquisition Management, Political-Military Strategist, Space Operations, Mobility Operations, Information Operations, and Review and Risk Assessment team lead. At the time the Agile Combat Support (ACS). Graduates of the ACS course article was written, she chaired the Expeditionary go on to Air or Joint Staff within the ACS community, or Combat Support (ECS) Training Working Group, consisting of ECS functional managers from the Air Staff. She is assignments at base level MSG, MXG, or Wing Staff. assigned to the Planning, Doctrine, and Wargames Advanced Logistics Readiness Officer Course, AMWC, Division, Directorate of Logistics Readiness, Air Force Ft. Dix, NJ. Also a product of a CORONA decision, the Deputy Chief of Staff, Installations & Logistics. K course will provide warfighting commanders with officers EXCEPTIONAL RELEASE
he desert sun reflects brightly off of the pilot’s tinted black visor. The heat penetrates the cockpit, searing the flight suit like a branding iron. It’s been six months since the young fighter pilot arrived at the desolate deployed location but this would be his first “run” at a live target. All those years of intense training culminating into this single pass. The target: a bunkered command post on the outskirts of a highly populated city. Time over target: 1200Z. Current time: 1158Z. Sweat beads drip down as the pilot flips open the switch and prepares for weapons release. His heart pounds furiously and the butterflies give the feeling of floating around the tightly compressed cabin even with the tightly clenched restraints and the g-suit filling quickly. The target is now in sight and coordinates programmed; anti-aircraft fire streams past like thundering lead rain. The pilot depresses the blood red button and 4,000 lbs of hyper-accurate, penetrating devastation screams toward the earth, obliterating the target.
The Ammo community struggled with mass munitions production and training in the late seventies and early eighties. As a result of poor readiness reports and failed ORI’s, in 1984 Lt General Leo Marquez ordered a “Tiger Team” to analyze and make recommendations to improve munitions production capabilities. This team reported several munitions training deficiencies that directly impacted and degraded combat capability. One key finding was the significant lack of realistic munitions training. General Marquez’ answer: The Air Force Combat Ammunition Center (AFCOMAC), also known as “Ammo University.” AFCOMAC was established in October 1985 at Sierra Army Depot, relocating to Beale AFB in fall of 1992 and re-aligning under the 9th Reconnaissance Wing as the 9th Munitions Squadron (9 MUNS). The 9 MUNS first class, 93-01, graduated on 20 August 1993. To date, AFCOMAC has graduated 8,634 students and 1,068 senior officers.
Ammo U…. The Tip of the “Ammo-Spear” A M M O H E R I TA G E Successful combat scenarios like this have played out over the past two decades in large part a result of codified maintenance and logistics support. A significant contributor to the “art” of combat sortie generation is dynamic munitions support. Have you ever wondered how bombs make it to the flight line and onto the wings of an aircraft? Well, the process all A munitions assembly crew deployed for Operation IRAQI FREEDOM pause to show their pride as the first B-52 leaves starts in the munitions the base headed for a target somewhere in Iraq. storage area with the 2W0X1 career field, TO TOP IT ALL OFF- CAPP Munitions Maintenance, or better known as “Ammo” troops, one of tightest knit and best trained career fields in What exactly happens at AFCOMAC? Advanced combat munitions planning and production with an expeditionary the USAF, although, this was not always the case. focus. It is our job to teach every Air Force Ammo troop
34 S P R I N G
ity in real time. This capability will how to “go to war.” By the time be invaluable to the Air Force, and students make it to AFCOMAC, will soon be tested and integrated they’ve graduated from the AETC into the AFCOMAC curriculum Ammo Schoolhouse (technical and practical exercise. training school) at Sheppard AFB, and been through the five-level Throughout the course to this upgrade training process. They point, the students are developing have been out at their respective their Conventional Munitions Plan bases for several years experiencing (CMP). The CMP is comparable to a snapshot of “the big picture.” a scripted football game plan…a well The training troops receive during thought out initial plan based on AFCOMAC’s main course, the scouting and intelligence, but conthree-week Combat Ammunition tinually adjusted throughout the Planning and Production (CAPP) fight as the game evolves. The CMP course is a mandatory requirement is developed primarily in the first for seven- and nine-level upgrade two weeks of academics and put to training, and also awards 5 credit an initial test on Operational Test hours towards a CCAF degree. The and Evaluation (OT&E) day, the first week of AFCOMAC is strict- An Airman loads a GBU-12 onto an F-16 Fighting Falcon second Friday of the course. During during a recent exercise. ly academic. During this phase of OT&E day, the students flush their training, students are exposed to equipment and vehicles from the flightline, simulating all source documents (Base Support Plan, OPLAN, etc.) arrival at a bare base location. They setup equipment, estabrequired for developing an effective plan. It is up to class lish workcenters, layout supervision to carefully scrutinize every aspect the build pads and proof the planning process, from the layout of the duce several lines of production/build-up pads to flight line delivery munitions. At the end of routes the day the class supervision adjusts their CMP The second week is dedicated to Ammo 101 based on the days success training and planning labs. Throughout this (or lack thereof…) and training, students are re-familiarized and/or from feedback given to introduced to the munitions builds they will them by the AFCOMAC see and be required to produce during the advisors. By this time, the IRON FLAG exercise. They are also exposed class is fired up and ready to the Munitions Assembly Conveyer (MAC), to go full throttle on the assembly-line apparatus used to quickly Monday with the comassemble bombs. They learn how to put differmencement of the fourent bomb components together properly and day war exercise known as efficiently. Additionally, they are trained on IRON FLAG. The IRON Combat Ammunition System-Deployed (CASFLAG environment simuD) intranet-based accountability system used to lates the mass combat track munitions at a deployed location. The buildup of munitions in a CAS-D system will soon be replaced with a LAN-based internet accountability system A weapons load team secures BDU-33 bombs to an F-16 bare-base location. Fighting Falcon. The aircraft were being readied with the called CAS 1.0. This new LAN-based system practice bombs for close-air-support training with soldiers. will allow HQ USAF and the Ammunition continued on following page... Control Points to maintain 100% worldwide accountabilEXCEPTIONAL RELEASE
ER: AMMO U
IRON FLAG is a grueling five-day exercise designed to tests the class’ CMP. One of the most difficult tasks is to turn 70 individuals from over 30 bases worldwide into a consolidated team in less than two weeks; quite the leadership challenge…but a challenge every Ammo leader will face in real contingency operations. A typical class is comprised of 4 CGOs, 1 CMSgt, 9 SNCOs, and 56 TSgt/SSgt/SrA. On OT&E day the class will put their plan into action, figure out what works right and what can be done better. On Monday they go to war and they’re on their own. The advisors give the class an Air Tasking Order (the “frag”), which outlines the required munitions and station times for each aircraft sortie. The munitions have to be at the right place at the right time, and must be built accurately. AFCOMAC purposely give these students a challenging ATO, more demanding than any they’ll encounter during a contingency. Additionally, Beale’s environment adds to the challenge with summer temperatures often eclipsing the century mark, and the cold and rain during the winter months.
these 15 classes have bragging rights for the rest of their career; a great source of “Ammo Pride.”
T H E C O M PA N I O N C O U R S E : S O O
While it’s important to train our enlisted members and junior officer how to “go to war,” it’s equally as important for senior officer and civilian equivalents (O-4 and above) also know what it takes for us to put bombs on target. In 1990, a two-day Senior Officer Orientation (SOO) Course was added to the curriculum, giving our senior leaders an orientation to the concepts and techniques involved in combat planning and production. The first day involves classroom instruction and Ammo 101 training. The second day is when the “rubber meets the road” and the senior officers serve as 1-level augmentees to the students on the build-up pads. It is the ultimate “hands-on” experience as Ammo troops. AFCOMAC does its best to get as many operators as possible into the course so they can get a better appreciation of what exactly goes into the munitions planning and production process and how changes to the frag affect the troops in the munitions storage area. Another great benefit of this course is that it trains students to utilize augmentees, a requirement most of them won’t experience until actual full-scale contingency operations. Without exception, the senior officers leave the SOO course with a A1C Jacob Sutton, a member of the 9th Munitions greater appreciation for the knuckleSquadron installs an upper aerosurface on a GBU-31 busting munitions mission.
The tasking is intense; approximately 1,350 munitions total, reflecting a mix of Guided Bomb Units (GBUs), Cluster Bomb Units (CBUs), General Purpose (GP) bombs and 30mm loads. Missiles, 20mm, chaff and flare are not tasked at AFCOMAC. The quantities and mix of each type vary from class to class. Graduates of AFCOMAC experience the most current JDAM. (Photo courtesy of 9th MUNS) mix of munitions, adding yet THE ROLE IN THE FUTURE another element of realism to the training. However, the ultimate test of realism is that live munitions are used, giv- In addition to providing world-class munitions instruction, ing the students a sense of focus, direction and attention AFCOMAC also plays a key role in the future of munito safety. Making the “frag” with all of these additional tions training. New weapon systems are brought online dynamics factored in is no laughing matter…only 15 of a every year and it is our charter to make sure the Air Force total 126 classes have “made the frag,” i.e., building and 2W0 career field has the most up-to-date training availdelivering all tasked munitions on time. Needless to say, able on the newest weapons technology. The JDAM V3 there is a lot of pride that goes into “making the frag,” and (Joint Direct Attack Munition Version 3 Penetrator) and the WCMD (Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser) are 36 F A L L
able to take our expertise from perfect examples, and were the classroom to the front lines both instituted into the trainduring Operation IRAQI FREEing curriculum over a year DOM. In February 2003, AFCOahead of schedule. The 9th MAC stood-down and 75% of our Munitions Squadron is also one troops (40 personnel) deployed to of the prime test-beds for RAF Fairford, UK with the Munitions Material Handling Ammo Warriors of the 5th Bomb Equipment (MMHE). AFCOWing, supporting the venerable MAC validated five pieces the B-52H Stratofortress. Over within the last year alone, and An AFCOMAC student secures a load of MK-82s on a 40-foot $172M worth of munitions were continues to put this equiprailed trailer. (Photo courtesy of 9th MUNS) expended at Fairford, and for the ment to the test nine times a first time in a major contingency year, providing crucial feedback to the engineers and manufacturers for product 100% accountability was maintained; a benchmark for all improvement. But perhaps the most valuable quality future munitions operations. We also sent four AFCOAFCOMAC brings to the munitions community is the MAC advisors to HQ USAF at the Pentagon to serve in advancement of expeditionary munitions doctrine. Major direct support of our senior munitions leaders and Lt Gen changes are coming in the areas of STAMP/ISO resupply, Zettler. Their expertise was heavily relied upon during critaccountability procedures and execution/sustainment of ical “Ammo” decisions, and the information they provided was briefed to SECAF and CSAF daily. deployment force modules… stay tuned!
SHAPING ACCOMPLISHMENTS DEPLOYMENTS
The AFCOMAC is, and will continue to, be the “crossroads of Ammo.” With Ammo troops transiting the halls of AFCOMAC at least twice in their career, it is here that Ammo heritage, pride, camaraderie and the unique culture is protected and evolved. We are unified in spirit, effort, and training… “To Keep the Peace, Prepare for War… Providing the Enemy the Opportunity to Die for his Country.”
AFCOMAC continues to be at the forefront of safety and has not suffered an explosives mishap in its 18-year history. The 9th Munitions Squadron builds more live munitions than other unit in the Air Force, and won the 2002 ACC Explosives We take these to heart, and it is through the Safety Award for an unpreceOPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM -- Master Sgt. AFCOMAC training that the Air Force munidented fifth consecutive year, Stephen Sims gives each bomb a number to tions community can truly be ready when called as well as the Air Force track the weapons produced and expended. upon to fight and remain at the tip of the Explosives Safety Award from (USAF photo by Staff Sgt. Kristina Barrett) “Ammo-Spear.” 1998-2002. Our advisors and support personnel are among the best in the Air Force and Lt Jared B Eros is the Munitions Flight Commander, 9th were the cornerstone in over five years of Community Munitions Squadron(Air Force Combat Ammunition College of the Air Force (CCAF) accreditation, were and Center) Beale AFB, California. K essential winning the 2002 ACC Hoyt S. Vandenburg Award, highly coveted among Air Force educators. For the first time in AFCOMAC history, we as a unit were
CGO Corner “ PA C K Y O U R M O ’ B A G – E X P E D I T I O N A RY OFFICERSHIP By Capt Michelle Hall and 1Lt Bethany Titus
If you’re a junior officer, “expeditionary” has been the buzzword since you were commissioned. Capt. Hall Expeditionary has also become the overriding principle of modern rapid response logistics. But what does it really mean? According to CSAF, the concept focuses on “rapid deployment in response to conditions ranging from humanitarian assistance to full-scale conflict.” It means we must ensure, through continuous training and preparation, that our units are able to respond immediately to the demands of our leaders and an unpredictable international environment. Recently, however, the War on Terror has turned “expeditionary” from a concept into an everyday reality. Though it may be simple geography to some, packing up our units at a moment’s notice is more likely now than ever and this adds a sense of urgency to our preparation. Reoccurring rotations in and out of Incirlik or PSAB have been replaced by stateside alert duties and deployments to unfa-
ER: CGO CORNER
miliar airstrips, where it is possible that you will be the only officer at your location with your par-
ticular expertise. You must possess the skills and confidence to perform as an expert in your field. This article is compiled from inputs by Air Force officers, CGOs and FGOs, loggies and non-loggies alike, who have “been there and done that” and wanted to share their thoughts on being an expeditionary officer as well as executing a deployment. CEASELESS PREPARATION IS KEY. Despite being full up on readiness training, you will not succeed in an expeditionary environment if you do not understand the fundamentals of your job. Vigilance in readiness training is also a must. Not only must everyone be current on shots, M-16, training etc., but also we must be prepared to react with a plan that appropriately meets the tasking. Resources to help develop a strategy are the installation deployment plan, base support plan, and deployment checklists. Local exercises, while not perfect, go a long way to realistically recreating the challenges faced in a deployed environment. How we train at home should be how we’ll fight deployed. Frequently brief troops on the importance of keeping themselves and their families ready. To ease processing line woes, organize a pre-deployment Warrior Day with support agencies like Base Legal, Finance, and the Family Support Center. A pre-departure brief for families and a periodic family meeting held by home station unit leadership while sponsors are deployed can greatly reduce dependent anxiety. Being certain that his family is taken care of and that he’s received appropriate training, gives an airman the confidence to take on the mission in harm’s way. As one of our respondent’s put it “The only way to prepare yourself and your unit is to live every day as if you have less than 24-hours before the battle begins…. love your family, take care of your troops, and learn the job…ALL of it!” USE AVAILABLE RESOURCES. Resources include everything from base agencies and regs to the veteran troop preparing for his 10th deployment. Not using available resources can significantly encumber your deployment. First, the unit you are replacing can be an invaluable resource for information. Contact the unit currently deployed and begin exchanging info on base resources, billeting, contacts, addresses etc. They can provide information on everything from what to pack to daily mission requirements. Second, there are several base agencies, like Family Support, MPF, and 38
Contingency Planning and Training (formerly Logistics
Plans), whose sole purpose is to help units deploy. Rely on your Unit Deployment Manager and but remember he is only as effective as the information you provide. Meet his suspenses and provide accurate cargo and personnel data. Third, closely monitor your troops and yourself. Often a
(Unique suggestions on what to pack)
busy schedule and the desire to be a part of the fight can lead to burnout so manage time-off for you and your troops. Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, maintain clear understanding and communication with your teams ranking SNCO. KEEP IT REAL. First-timers, take heart! During the deployment, your job is to lead but you can still learn from your experienced troops. Take calculated risks but remember its okay to say “I don’t know” and then dig to find the answer. Ask questions, get organized, and clearly understand your unit’s role in the mission. Have a plan of action ready for the first three days and quickly build a list of POCs to help your unit perform its mission. Take the ini-
! Leatherman/Gerber ! Magnets/Stick-up Hooks ! Bag ties ! Small Bathroom Mat ! Clothesline/safety pins/dark king-size sheet for tent privacy ! Bandanas (to keep the critters out of your boots) ! Baggies of detergent and all toiletries sealed in Ziploc bags
tiative to get out of the tent and spend time with the
! Flashlights, batteries
troops. This will give you a chance to find processes you
! $100 cash
can improve as well as a chance to see how they are holding up in the deployed environment. Enforce standards,
ensure compliance, motivate, and take care of your troops.
! Certificate paper to create awards/Loa’s, etc.
Maintaining morale will enable your unit to work in harsh
! CDR’s with applicable AFI’s/Regulations/TO’s
conditions for long hours if necessary. Here’s to our expeditionary Air Force, train to fight, and fight to win! Thank you to all the officers who contributed to the CGO Corner Deployment Survey. The CGO Corner is written by Capt Michelle Hall who is the Aerial Port Flight Commander for the 727 AMS at RAF Mildenhall and 1LT Bethany Titus is the Maintenance Training Flight Commander for the 31
! Mosquito net ! Toilet paper ! Camera ! Batter-powered alarm clock ! Pillow ! Extension cords ! International calling cards
MOS, Aviano AB. All comments or contributions should
be submitted to CGOCorner@LOANational.org. Next
! Hotmail account to home station during transit
issue’s “Corner” theme: Combat Wing Organization: One
! Sense of humor!
Year Out. K
Senior Leader Viewpoint TRAINING - YOU’RE IN CHARGE By Brig Gen David Stringer A clear strength of the United States Air Force is that it invests heavily in the education and training of its members, both officer and enlisted. Investment in civilian technical training is growing, which is a welcome trend. However, the education of civilians at supervisory levels, especially in career programs like the Logistics Civilian Career Education Program, is already well-established, but not to the same degree as with our people in uniform. Can the Air Force make our training and education even better? Of course it can, but we will always be limited by time and money.
ER: SENIOR LEADER VIEWPOINT
I have a slogan on the bottom of my buck slips, which reads: KNOW YOUR JOB, WORK TOGETHER, NO SUPRISES. Below are a few thoughts on taking advantage of the opportunities available all around you: 1. Read all about it: It amazes me how few people bother to read existing guidance. This includes DoD, CJCS and Air Force regulations, technical orders, instructions, etc. Remember that officers mostly operate, not as task-qualified performers, but as integrators and synchronizers of the many interests we must balance to get the three basic jobs (Fly, Fix and Launch) done smoothly. You can’t make proper decisions unless you read and understand what’s at stake. 2. See it from the other fellow’s perspective: As tribes, we tend to write as if our trade owned the critical process in the Air Force. Clearly, our team effort on the many and evolving tasks of the Nation makes the Air Force great. If you are dealing with aviators on a technical matter, take the time to read both the flight manual (Dash 1) and the weapons employment manual (Dash 34). Aviator academics and publications are usually written from a systems integration perspective that is usually lacking in Dash 2 series tech orders and job guides. Supply manuals, read by themselves, are very directive and not very flexible. When you read the DoD and CJCS directives that govern them, there’s considerable agility to meet emerging needs. Contracting officers learn quickly that for almost every rule, there is a Comptroller General decision, which provides flexibility. You also will be amazed at the dividends you earn when you take a little time to learn what else is going on at your base. Ever sit through a flight brief or debrief? Ever ride with the security forces folks? Ever sit through a medical continuing education class? People tend to take care of those they know better than those they don’t - if you show interest in them in their workplace, you sell both yourself and what you do at the same time. 3. Think it through/plan to win: “No Surprises” doesn’t mean that you can’t bring bad news - let’s face it, bad news is often what we do (for example, imagine the happiness as you tell a wing commander, as he is ready to go to his MAJCOM Commanders Conference, that his personal jet is now in the fuel barn). The point here is to think through what you are about to do and have a plan for the pitfalls that may emerge. It’s OK to react emotionally and confused (for a little while) if an earthquake splits the flight line from wing HQ. It’s not OK to react similarly if a jet breaks or the computer’s down. When we properly plan for such contingencies, their occurrence just tells us which option to implement. In closing, let me suggest that while the Air Force worked hard to get you started and will invest in you considerably from time to time, it’s your job to prepare for the present and future by a vigorous study of what’s going on, both in your Air Force and elsewhere. Brigadier General David Stringer is the Director of Logistics for Air Education and Training Command, Randolph Air Force Base. He has commanded the 20th Aircraft Generation Squadron and the 31st Logistics Group, the latter during NATO’s first large combat, Operation DELIBERATE FORCE in 1995. K Submissions for Senior Leader Viewpoint may be sent to email@example.com. 40
Logistician’s Bookshelf DELIVERING THE GOODS: THE ART
M A N A G I N G Y O U R S U P P LY C H A I N
By Brig Gen (ret) Robert E. Mansfield, Jr., USAF Being able to keep up with the changes, advances, innovation, and indeed, the transformation of military logistics is not possible without a disciplined, personal professional reading program. We kick off this edition of the Exceptional Release with this column. We’ll be presenting reviews of current books and literature, as well as some of the classic works about logistics and related topics. This edition’s review is of Delivering The Goods: The Art of Managing Your Supply Chain, by Damon Schechter (with Gordon Sander). Mr. Schechter is a Stanford University graduate, BA Economics and MS Engineering. He has very clear writing style. Currently a business consultant, he uses a number of examples from his experiences, one of which is from the USAF. Damon Schechter divides his book into two parts. The first is an enjoyable history of logistics. Schechter rightly traces logistics from its military roots to commercial business. In fact, he tells a very interesting and reasonably comprehensive history of military logistics from Alexander the Great to the first Gulf War. Whether a logistician or not, anyone interested in military or business history will find the first half engaging. The author does a good job of illustrating how the fundamentals of logistics learned on the battlefield have been translated into the business world. His descriptions early business logistics from the South Seas Trading Company to Henry Ford and Henry Kaiser are very informative. He gives great credit to the skills of military logisticians, particularly General Joseph Heiser, and two generals Robert Wood and William “Gus” Pagonis who both went to jobs at Sears, Roebuck and Company. General Wood became president of Sears in 1928 and General Pagonis, hired shortly after the first Gulf War, is currently vice-president of Sears’s logistical operations. The second part of the book develops Mr. Schechter’s view of logistics- - the “Tri-level View” as he calls it. The Tri-level View has three layers: physical assets, processes, and measurements. The author gives sufficient detail to explain the layers, the logistical principles and methods involved and cases studies to illustrate them. He has done very well at laying out many of the fundamentals of logistics’ thinking. It’s a great review for the practioneer or good survey for one new to logistics management. Schechter also includes some excellent thoughts about marketing and management. He asserts marketing and management alone are insufficient. Logistics understanding too is a key to business success. I like the way he ends the second part of the book, “…business is war, and behind every significant military or business victory-or nearly every one-is a foresighted, flexible, resourceful, and innovative logistician, or a correspondingly adroit and creative logistical mind.” There were a few disappointments in the book. The excellent history of military history fails to mention Rear Admiral Henry Eccles. Eccles’ book Logistics in the National Defense is, in my view, one of the seminal works in detailing the elements of military logistics. Mention of Eccles’ contributions to military logistics thought in the Cold War era would strengthen the history. Schechter references, probably the book the began the foundation for modern supply chain management, An Approach to Business Problems by Harvard professor Archibald Shaw, but does not mention Pure Logistics by Col George C. Thorpe, USMC. Both were written in 1916, and Thorpe’s book is a seminal work as well. I suspect that Schechter’s missing Eccles’ and Thorpe’s work may be the reason the rather substantial differences between military and business logistics were not well treated. In a world that many times tends to think the military can “be just like business” a few pages concerning the differences would have done a service. I would have liked to see some more detailed discussion to the Tri-level View, and a few more case studies. Schechter’s views are a very good way to look at logistics, and solve problems. Further development with case studies would have made this book five star status. But four isn’t too bad. Read this book. It’s well worth it. And if you have some time between now and the next edition of the ER, try Admiral Eccles’, Col Thorpe’s and professor Shaw’s books too. K Submissions for Logistician’s Bookshelf may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org. EXCEPTIONAL RELEASE
Chapter Updates CROSSROADS CHAPTER – TINKER AFB, OK Submitted by Capt David Boles What a year for the Crossroads Chapter at Tinker Air Force Base! It started out with a luncheon on the Air Force Reserves’ perspective, delivered by Colonel James Kerr, Commander of the 513th Air Control Group at Tinker. Given the events of this year, it was interesting to start it off with a focus on our compatriot reservists who are making tough sacrifices for our great nation.
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In keeping with the tradition of professional development, we then took a tour of the Wal-Mart Distribution Center. This tour was so enriching that we added it to the plate for the 2003 National LOA Conference. Speaking of which, throughout the entire year, we have been busying ourselves with plans to provide a conference that people will always remember “OKC in 2003!” We were honored to host Lieutenant General Zettler at a breakfast in October, and then visit with veterans at Oklahoma City’s VA Medical Center. We also supported the annual Christmas in April and raised scholarship money through a record-breaking golf tournament, thanks to Major Jim Delong. In April, we also hosted the LOA National staff during a luncheon and orientation of the conference facilities. In bringing this terrific year to a close, we reached new heights when we planted our flag on top of the LOA mountain…we’re the top-ranked chapter with 207 members.
BLACKJACK CHAPTER — NELLIS AFB, NV Submitted by Capt Jessica R. Joyner Hello Fellow Loggies...the Nellis AFB Logistics Officer Association, BlackJack Chapter send heartfelt greetings from Las Vegas. We look forward to hosting the 2004 LOA National Convention. We are working hard to ensure that it fosters an excellent networking environment with plenty of fun and entertainment. The Convention will be held at the Flamingo Hotel and Casino, in the heart of the Las Vegas Strip. The dates are Monday, October 11th through Thursday, October 14th, 2004. Mark your calendar and we hope to see you all there. Some of our recent activities include a working lunch with our comrades from Luke AFB. This exchange gave extensive insight to the daily maintenance operations and organizational structure of the 56 Maintenance Group. Currently we are working on a trip to the San Diego Naval Base to visit an aircraft carrier and observe maintenance operations in that environment. LOA BlackJack Chapter hosts Sonora Chapter for tour
SONORA CHAPTER – LUKE AFB, AZ Submitted by 1st Lt Matthew Larsen The Sonora Chapter, recently traveled to Nellis AFB in Las Vegas, to learn about its diverse mission and to share with its officers the unique challenges of Luke’s training mission. It was a fantastic day for Luke’s logistics officers to view some of the Air Force’s newest combat aircraft and training programs. The Luke Chapter is comprised of members from both the Maintenance Group and Mission Support Group. The first stop was the Advanced Maintenance and Munitions Officers School (AMMOS) facility. It was designed to develop advanced maintenance and munitions wartime skills. In particular, students gain expertise in expeditionary combat support. The graduates, who are fully qualified instructors, study the effect logistics has through the phases of Agile Combat Support: Readying the Force, Preparing the Battlespace, Positioning the Force, Employing and Sustaining the Force, and Recovering the Force. The intelligence “petting zoo,” otherwise known as Threat Training Facility (TTF), was created in 1976 and has grown into a diverse collection of foreign weapons, including surface to air missiles and armored vehicles. The TTF was designed exclusively to educate aircrew and support personnel on enemy threats. The highlight of the tour was the rare opportunity to examine the MIG-29, one of Russia’s most sophisticated production fighters. The group then visited Red Flag to receive a brief on operations at the Air Force’s premier war training center. Red Flag is a joint exercise that combines aircraft from all branches of the military as well as aircraft from foreign nations. Red Flag’s mission is as simple as they come, to maximize combat capability. This is accomplished in part by the integrated range air defense system that provides invaluable experience to visiting pilots. Luke plays a significant role by providing “Red Air” pilots, personnel, and support equipment. The LOA group then headed to the Officer’s club to bring the 56 MXG mission to the Nellis LOA. Capt Miles briefed the officers in attendance on the overall scope and size of Luke’s mission, which is to train F-16 pilots and crew chiefs. With 186 American and 20 foreign F-16’s, Luke produces over 32,000 sorties per year. This phenomenal achievement is the direct result of the safe and quality maintenance provided by the 56th Maintenance Group. The size and scope of Luke’s mission is second to none. Next we visited what everyone wanted to see, the F-22! We learned about some of the new technologies and advanced maintenance concepts for the F-22. The F-22 program is unique in that the contractor will play a significant role in the supply strategy. The Air Force will be responsible to buy and manage common items. The contractor is responsible for F-22 peculiar items such as inventory management and requirements determination. Basically, the contractor becomes the depot, they will perform all the full intermediate and heavy maintenance required throughout the life of the F-22. The next stop of the day was the 66th Rescue Squadron. The 66th deployed six helicopters and 100 personnel to 4 different forward operating bases in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. They arrived at their “CSAR” compound 30 days before Civil Engineering and support troops. They were part of a wing that consisted of 75% Guard and Reserve forces. The 66th was the first ACC unit to operate from Baghdad International Airport. The final stop of this journey was to Indian Springs to view the RQ-1 Predator. The Predator is an unmanned aircraft that is primarily used for reconnaissance but has recently been outfitted with Hellfire missiles. A fully operational Predator “system” consists of 4 aircraft, a ground control station, a Predator Primary Satellite Link, and 55 personnel for continuous 24 operations. This “look and strike” platform is a huge resource for combat commanders and it has been actively deployed since 1995. continued on following page... EXCEPTIONAL RELEASE
Overall the tour was a resounding success. We would like to extend our most sincere thanks to the Nellis Blackjack Chapter for hosting our visit and specifically thanks to Capt Trace Steyaert for organizing the day!
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Members of the Sonora LOA Chapter visit Nellis AFB for tour.
TEXOMA CHAPTER – SHEPPARD AFB, TX Submitted by Lt Col Richard Schwing The Texoma Chapter has taken off!! We are proud to say we have blasted through our goal of getting onto the “Top 10 List” of LOA Chapters - we are up to 53 National Members, #9 on the list and a 300% increase since Aug 2002. Our chapter has been very busy, with mentorship and camaraderie among our many and varied logisticians here in Texoma our goal. In Feb 03 we visited the Delta Airlines heavy maintenance facility at DFW Airport, a six-bay hangar where Delta conducts B- and C-checks on 757 and 737 aircraft. During the visit we cemented a relationship with Delta maintenance training personnel—in Sep 03 we hosted Delta’s key maintenance training managers at Sheppard for an overview of Air Force technical training course development and technological upgrades to the classroom. In Jul 03 the Texoma LOA sent 28 folks to the Lockheed-Martin facility in Fort Worth, TX. There we saw F-16s on the assembly line in various stages of manufacture, and also received awesome briefings on the F/A-22 production plans, the F-35 JSF plans, and an update on the C-130J aircraft. We planned and executed a unique LOA Social in Sep 03. Key Sheppard logistics leaders visited with Sheppard National LOA members and AMMOC students at the new Sheppard Heritage Center, a tremendous facility highlighting the historical beginnings of Sheppard AFB and Air Force Technical Training. Our guest speaker was Brig Gen Elizabeth A. Harrell, USAF/ILM. In Jun 03, Capt Jackie Chang, Texoma Chapter Vice President, moved on to Osan AB. Maj Mike Fitzgerald, 82 LRS/CC, took the reins as our new Vice President. Finally, Team Texoma is proud to have sent a large contingent of 20+ LOA members to the National LOA Conference right up the road in OKC.
Texoma Chapter members tour Lockheed-Martin.
WRIGHT BROTHERS CHAPTER – WRIGHT PATTERSON AFB, OH Submitted by Capt Greg Ogorek With the encouragement and leadership of Major General Terry Gabreski, HQ AFMC/LG, and Brigadier General Thomas Owen, Director F/A-22 SPO, the Wright Brothers Chapter of the Logistics Officer Association (LOA) began what is sure to be a rousing revitalization in activity and membership 22 July with a packed house of logistics officers and civilians from across WPAFB and the local community. The meeting was called to reestablish the chapter, which already had 66 national members, after over a year of inactivity. Maj Gen Gabreski and Brig Gen Owen, the two senior logisticians at WPAFB, were the guest speakers at the function. They laid the groundwork for the future of the organization and expressed their enthusiasm in mentoring the logistics leaders of tomorrow. In the near future, the chapter will tour local industry, present guest speakers from various logistics backgrounds, start a web page, and have representation at the upcoming national convention.
BATTLE ROAD CHAPTER – HANSCOM AFB, MA Submitted by Maj Jim Mullin On 22 October, 2003, the newly formed Battle Road Chapter held its first ever meeting at Hanscom AFB, MA. Officers were elected, bylaws approved, and charter members were identified. The chapter’s mission focus will be on acquisition logistics. The Battle Road Chapter is unique for a number of reasons—Hanscom doesn’t own a runway or any operational aircraft, our membership demographics include a large number of civilians and contractors, and this is where the first battle for logistics resources was fought by American militia—over the arms and ammunition stored in the area of Lexington and Concord, on April 19th, 1775. Our numbers have grown to 20 solely by “word-of-email” and we expect to build a strong and vibrant logistics presence at Electronic Systems Center, ensuring our loggies enjoy the camaraderie, professional development, and sharing of expertise LOA is famous for across the Air Force.
MIDDLE GEORGIA CHAPTER – ROBINS AFB, GA Submitted by Maj Michael Mistretta The Middle Georgia Chapter hosted Brig Gen Scott (WR-ALC/CV) for a Lunch & Learn in August. Gen Scott addressed about 30 young officers in the chapter on career guidance for today’s logistics officers. Our chapter also had great participation in the 2003 Robins AFB Air Show. Over 15 Middle Georgia Chapter members donated their free time to raise funds for the chapter. The Robins Air Show was an outstanding event with great local community participation. Our chapter raised over $750 for our many LOA projects, including our recently reorganized scholarship program. Kudos to 2nd Lt Nick Goff for his leadership in organizing this event. In September we hosted Brig Gen Arthur Morrill(AF/ILP). Gen Morrill presented our chapter with a run down of “Transformation” in Today’s Air Force. He also addressed the personal side of leadership and emphasized the need for leaders to be able to effectively communicate. K
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On The Move CAPT MATT PASKIN WRITES: In July I finished my 13 months at the Pentagon and PCSed to Dyess AFB as the 9th AMU OIC for the B-1 Bomber. My new e-mail is firstname.lastname@example.org. CAPT LORI A VESSELS WRITES: I have moved to the F/A22 SPO as the Site Activation Team, Tyndall Lead. GO RAPTORS! My new DSN is 674-5215. Keep em flyin~! MAJ JOHN C. MATEER IV WRITES: Escaped/Rescued from the Pentagon and set up shop at Luke AFB as the 56 AMXS/CC. Loving every minute of it!!!
1LT NATHAN MCLEOD-HUGHES WRITES: Recently PCSed to Kunsan AB, ROK, and loving it (so far). LT COL CHARLES JOHNSON WRITES: I just left a great tour as 509th AMXS Commander and am headed to US Army War College. COL FRAN CROWLEY WRITES: From: Director, A4/Logistics, 13th Air Force, Andersen AFB, GU To: Director, Air Force Fleet Viability Board, WP-AFB, OH Effective: 1 Aug 03 MAJ JOHN “BULL” BULLDIS WRITES: My family and I are moving to Wright Patterson AFB to attend AFIT/ACSC in Aug. Leaving Germany is difficult but with the next adventure brings more great memories and fun. Hope I still have some old friends who decided to stay a bit longer. Bull and Family CAPT JEFF MARTIN WRITES: After 3 typhoons, numerous earthquakes, a couple of inspections and an awesome operation within the AMC en route system in Guam I have moved on to the WR-ALC and the Logistics CBO program. COL BILL GOAD WRITES: Hello to all my friends in LOA. Just moved from Edwards as the deputy Commander, 412 MXG to full time student, Air War College. It’s a tough job, but someone has to do it! Unfortunately, I wasn’t able to make the LOA conference this year because of AWC. I know it was an awesome time. MAJ BRIAN FOX
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I’ve departed rural Belgium for
the masses in Seoul (culture shock!), as the Munitions Plans and Operations Officer for Combined Forces Command at Yong San Army Garrison. So far, it’s been more difficult to understand Army lingo than to communicate with my ROK brethren in the office. Guessing all that will work itself out during the upcoming exercise season. COL (RET) KEN LEWANDOWSKI WRITES: I retired on July 31st as the ARMARC commander and have been working as an assistant school director at Universal Technical Institute in Phoenix, AZ. I will be moving to Philadelphia after the first of the year to be the school director at the new campus there. CAPT ANDY SHANAHAN WRITES: I’ve moved from Edwards to Osan, Korea as the Maintenance Supervisor for the 51st AMXS. PIL SUNG! COL GARY BLASZKIEWICZ WRITES: Effective September 2003 I PCSed to Robins AFB, GA I’m the Assistant, Director of Logistics, HQ AFRC. CAPT DAVID PAGE WRITES: PCSed this past spring to Hill AFB, Utah. Currently working as the 34 AMU OIC in the 388 FW. Big change leaving Europe and the traveling life there, but it is good to be back in the States. COL (SEL) MICHAEL A. MORABITO WRITES: After 3+ professionally rewarding years at the 2d Bomb Wing, I’m moving on to command the Air Force Logistics Management Agency, effective 1 Oct 03. Looking forward to hearing all your ideas in the rapidly changing and ever-adaptable field of military logistics. Peace (The Old-Fashioned Way), Mike CAPT JEFF STREMEL WRITES: I have PCSed from Incirlik AB, Turkey to Ramstein AB, Germany where I will be working on the USAFE staff as the Chief of Nuclear Munitions Maintenance. IYAAYAS! LT COL DANIEL MCCABE WRITES: I have moved from Shaw AFB, SC as Commander of the 20th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron to Tinker AFB as Deputy Chief of Process Improvement and Quality Assurance, OC-ALC/MAP.
LT COL DENNIS CARR WRITES: I recently assumed command of the 364th Training Squadron at Sheppard AFB. We train E/E and Hydraulics in the Aircraft Systems Flight and Telephone Systems and Cable/Comm in our Telecommunications Flight. It’s great to be back in the blue! MAJ DWIGHT (DAN) HINTZ WRITES: Just moved from the outstanding LCBP at Tinker to an amazing AY ‘04 ACSC class of joint and international officers. Our seminar has an officer from Slovenia that is literally creating their new Air Force! The learning curve stays steep... MAJ GEOFF BACON WRITES: Just started ACSC at Maxwell - big change of life from SQ/CC at Spangdahlem to student in Alabama! 1LT KENNY SHINN WRITES: Late Oct 03 moved from Scott, 375 MXS (retiring the outdated C-9 med-evac) to Pope, 23 AMXS. CAPT MICHELLE HALL WRITES: I just recently moved from McChord AFB where I was serving as the IDO for the 62 AW. I’m now the Aerial Port Flight Commander for the 727 AMS at RAF, Mildenhall. MAJ CAROL JOHNSON WRITES: I just moved up the coast from GA to NC. I’m now with the Flying Tigers as the 23d Aircraft Maintenance Squadron Commander at Pope. Go Hogs! CAPT RODRICK WEBB WRITES: After a fun tour at Beale AFB, I have moved on to US Special Operation Command at MacDill AFB to provide theater support for special ops. LT (USN) LINN BEAL WRITES: Moving on to the “Hunters” of Strike Fighter Squadron 201 (VFA-201) and the F/A-18 Hornet Navy, after a great tour at the Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance Department (AIMD), NAS Fort Worth JRB, TX. BRIG GEN (RET) PETE HENNESSEY WRITES: My thanks to this great community for the partnership we shared during my AF career. As most of you know, I officially retired on Aug 1st. We’ve moved to Ohio, where I’m now VP, Strategy Development for the Battelle Memorial Institute—where I can continue making a difference in the important business
of national security. Unfortunately, I can’t make the LOA convention this year, but you can catch up with me at email@example.com. While I obviously have some different/corporate responsibilities, I intend to stay active in the loggie community, and will do my best to continue supporting chapters as a speaker—particularly on my favorite topic—”Leadership!” Keep ‘em flyin! LT COL HENRY PANDES WRITES: I just left Prince Sultan AB where I was the Deputy CC, 363d EMSG and later the Vice Commander, 363d Air Expeditionary Wing. The 363d AEW was inactivated late Aug 03 and the last USAF personnel departed early Sep 03. I will finish my last 6 months at Al Udeid AB, Qatar as the Deputy CC, 379th EMSG. COL (RET) STEVE HOCKETT WRITES: Retired effective 1 Aug after 30 glorious years of serving with the world’s best. Thanks to MG Wetekam and numerous friends for a great send off. Currently working for Concurrent Technologies Corporation (CTC) in Warner Robins, Georgia. LT COL MARK SAN SOUCI WRITES: After graduating in June 2003 from the United States Naval War College, we recently moved to McGuire AFB, NJ, where I continue my AMC-centric maintenance officer career as the Deputy MXG/CC. LT COL IKE ISENHOUR WRITES: Spent 6 mos as 379 EAMXS/CC for OEF/OIF and returned in Jun 03 to relinquish command of the great 660 AMXS at Travis and PCS to the Air Staff. COL ART CAMERON WRITES: I reluctantly left command of the Air Force’s biggest and best Maintenance Group at Luke. I’m now at the Pentagon running the IL’s “Engine Room”. The official title is “Associate Director of Logistics Resources”. So, if you need any help with Congressional Issues, the Air Force Corporate Structure or want to know what the IL Speech Writer is up to, give me a call. CAPT GARY CIVITELLA WRITES: Just settling into OOALC after an incredible EWI tour at FedEx in Memphis. Look forward to hearing from Loggie friends out there, especially those living/visiting in the SLC area. continued on following page...
CAPT JACQUELINE D. CHANG WRITES: I’ve moved to Osan Air Base, Republic of Korea to be the OIC of MXG Quality Assurance.
LT COL SEAN CASSIDY WRITES: I departed the Pentagon, AF/ILGC, in Aug 03 after working primarily in the Combat Support Center, providing daily situation briefings to AF/IL senior leadership on OEF/OIF combat support status. Arrived at Sheppard AFB TX, as the Deputy Commander of the 982d Training Group, which manages all Field Training Detachments AF-wide, as well as all the trainers located at Sheppard. COL HOWARD R. “WOODY” SHELWOOD WRITES: I am proud to announce that on 2 July 2003, I took command of the 305th Maintenance Group at McGuire AFB NJ. I’m very happy to be part of “Team McGuire” and being reunited with my old friend, the C-141 aircraft, as well as making a new acquaintance in the KC-10 tanker aircraft. I am also anxiously awaiting the arrival of our first C-17 aircraft in the fall of 2004, an aircraft that I played a role in the acquisition, logistics support planning, and beddown processes during the late 80s and early 90s. I look forward to very challenging, but rewarding tour here at McGuire. LT COL STEVE DORFMAN WRITES: Just got short notice orders to be the IL and XOF functional liaison in the Force Development Division at AFSLMO, Pentagon. Am learning a lot about the personnel world. DC is a great place to be. LT COL STACY M. BOUDREAUX WRITES: From Commander, 653 CLSS, Robins AFB, GA, to Director, Maintenance Group Commanders Course, College of Professional Development, Maxwell AFB, AL. CAPT BREANNE TABOR WRITES: Moved from Dyess AFB to Cannon AFB. I am now the Maintenance Operations Officer for the 27th Component Maintenance Squadron. Just had my first child in August, a son, named Chase Owen. “Cobras!” LT COL ROBERT L. (LARRY) STEPHENSON WRITES: After leaving Aviano (555 FS) in 2001 and leading the maintenance effort that won the 2000 Phoenix Trophy, we moved to Sheppard AFB TX and took command of the 48 F A L L
364th Training Squadron...it was an interesting and challenging 2 years. Now I’m at Kunsan, commanding the Dragons of the 8 MXS and will rotate out June 2004. It’s great to be part of the Wolfpack! COL DEB SHATTUCK WRITES: Greetings from the Land of the Morning Calm. On 9 October, I arrived in Seoul, Korea (Yongsan to be exact) with my family for a 2-year tour as the Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff, J4, U.S. Forces, Korea. I’ve only been here a couple of weeks but my first impression is that this is going to be a great assignment for me and for my family. (My teenage daughters may not be quite ready to admit that yet, but they’re quickly warming up to Korea.) Everyone we’ve met has a super attitude and the base facilities certainly rival those back home. The Commander of USFK, General LaPorte is a real people person and one of his goals is to make Korea an assignment of choice for military personnel AND their families. My new contact info is: DSN 315-723-5674 & email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Keep up the great work on the ER. (Thanks Deb! -ER staff) MAJ JAMIE ALLEN WRITES: After 10 months at ACSC, it’s great to be back on the line. This time it’s in the 4 AMXS Mx Ops Officer seat at Seymour Johnson with 95+ F-15Es and over 900 in the squadron. Ah, the smell of JP-8, the sound of infallible PW -220 motors, and the best maintainers anywhere. Not that school wasn’t great, but... K
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