Page 1

The Grotesque

Volume II


contents

002 Wasted Space + Wasted Time

Katie Cressall

030 Too Good to Go to Waste

Jarrett Fishman

090 Solar Harvest

Nathan Johnson

128 [Re]framing the Brand

Alivia Stalnaker

170 Productive Color

Dorothy Schwankl

222 Déjà Vu

Tadeusz Bazydlo

240 Urban Occupation: The Blob in Detroit

Ayesha Sarfraz

270 Rerooting Detroit

Matt Slingerland

288 Hitchhiker ’s Cities

Kahyun Lee

330 Detroit Abundant or Flip This City

Michael McBean

360 Detroit Water System

Lauren Jennifer Barry

386 The Detroit Wall?

Sarah Petri

01


02

1-5-10 Wasted Space + Wasted Time

Source: Katie Cressall


03


04

1 Empty Buildings + Empty Schedules The purpose is to stabilize an area that is hemorrhaging around 8 to ten thousand people a month. Where real estate can be purchased for $25, and a city that once stood at 2.2 million, finds itself with a population of under 900 thousand.

Source: Katie Cressall


05


06

1

Proposal Officially, Detroit’s unemployment rate is just

Now they stay at home and have no where in

under 30 percent. But the city’s mayor and lo-

particular to go during the day. This lack of di-

cal leaders are suggesting a far more disturb-

rection and placelessness can create feelings

ing figure -- the actual jobless rate, they say,

of hopelessness. The lack of income can make

is closer to 50 percent.

it so that they cannot frequent the neighborhood establishments they used to, creating

Detroit is also plagued with abandoned,

an intense inward focus on their place of

neglected office towers, factories, and riv-

residence.

erfront structures. They used to be a place people would go to work, now in the decay of

The proposal is to combine the displaced

the economy, they are left in isolation.

population with the uninhabited buildings. They can be places to get connections for

The unemployed are a displaced population,

employment, get specialized job training,

they used to have multiple places to spend

be involved in community art projects, and

their time: home, work, and perhaps local

volunteer their unused time in a fulfilling way.

establishments.

Giving people a purpose during a troubling time is the best way to revitalize a city.


07

Proposed buildings to house: Packard Plant Fisher Plant UPS Book Depository

Source: flickr.com user: Patrick Austin 03/10/06


08

1

unemployed people + unemployed buildings Detroit is jobs-poor. The city has lost hun-

1 - Job creation should focus on taking ad-

dreds of thousands of jobs over the past

vantage of existing opportunities that utilize

decades, and far fewer of its residents

existing assets in Detroit.

hold jobs, or participate in the labor force, compared to the United States population as

5

a whole. The single most important economic

new opportunities.

- rely on using existing assets to create

development goal for Detroit should be to fill this “jobs gap.” That means not only cre-

10 - Detroit will focus on capitalize on

ating more jobs, but creating the sort of jobs

transforming new assets into new growth op-

that Detroit’s residents can access.

portunities.

Existing resource are the large numbers of skilled manufacturing workers looking for new opportunities and deep experience in global logistics and manufacturing. The city’s technological skills can be retooled to develop green energy industries


09

Fisher Plant

Packard Plant

Source: flickr.com user: Patrick Austin 03/10/06

Source: flickr.com user: Patrick Austin 03/10/06


10

1

Unemployment


Source:The New York Times. For the Unemployed, the Day Stacks Up Differently,. July 31, 2009

11


12

1

[re]educate Emergency job training This stage would re-purpose the unskilled labor force and would provide training on how to reuse and recycle buildings. Training would be given on: - Smart dismantling - How to deal with contaminants - Construction and deconstruction techniques - Material evaluation - Quick assembly of parts


13


14

1

new landscape within

Shop

Classroom

Entry

Computer Spine


15


16

1 [re]train + [re]vitalize


17

Arnold Home Some buildings would be entirely dismantled outside the classroom setting. Others could be used to housed the organized piles of materials. The Arnold Home is an example of a building that holds little architectural interest and has deteriorated beyond repair. It would be dismantled and stone, wood, and metal would be sorted and taken to the salvage warehouse - part of the 5 year plan.

Source: flickr.com user: Patrick Austin 03/10/06


18

1

time of transition

Source: flickr.com user: Patrick Austin 03/10/06


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20

5 [re]cycle + [re]motivate


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Detroit has too many buildings

Building Typologies to [re]cycle: - condemned houses - remote residential

In order to revitalize the city of Detroit, it

- outlying schools

needs to be consolidated in order to create a

- office buildings

healthy density.

- factories

[recycle] Existing buildings in remote ares of the city would be demolished and their building materials reused in the construction of new pieces of architecture used to redensify the city.

[reuse] Criteria for analyzing the building stock is the location. Recycled buildings would be in areas that are removed from density.

Source: Flickr.com user: Patrick Austin 03/10/06 Source: flickr.com user: Patrick Austin 03/10/06


22

5 [re]purpose building stock


23

Recycling and re-use of building materials is a sustainable practice which preserves the embodied energy of materials. Re-use of building materials also adds a sense of craft and finding new potential in a material. There is a sense of authenticity with using older, substantive materials that would normally go to landfills.

URBAN CENTER


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5 Multiplicity in resources

Source: [top] www.thecoolhunter.com


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26


10

27

[re]use + [re]direct After Detroit is compacted and given the density of a healthy urban city, new programmatic modules with be used to create work and housing environments in the city, to be placed in preexisting buildings and on their own. These would be an urban infill project, a glue to hold the city together. They would consist of renovating buildings which were kept during the recycling process and making new structures using the cataloged and disassembled materials. Source: http://openarchitecturenetwork.org/projects/6404

Project: Kvadrat Headquarters, Peter Saville and David Adjaye - NY, NY Source: flickr.com user: Patrick Austin 03/10/06


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10 [re]purpose + [re]size After Detroit is compacted and given the density of a healthy urban city, new programmatic modules with be used to create work and housing environments in the city, to be placed in preexisting buildings and on their own. These would be an urban infill project, a glue to hold the city together. The job centers would relocate around the city, fixing neighborhoods as they go. There would be waves of training from the initial building recycling program to training in areas needed to stimulate the community such as small business 101 and construction of the infill projects.

Curriculum: - Construction training

- Starting a small buisnesses

- Repairs of alternative energy

- Personal finances

machinery

- Urban Art Organizations


29

Case study of Urban Outfitter Headquarters in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Architect: MS&R [right] Dovecote Studio by Haworth Tompkins [left] Metropolitan Building Installation Visualization

Source: http://www. dezeen.com/2010/02/14/ the-dovecote-studio-byhaworth-tompkins/

Source: http://www.officesnapshots.com/2008/09/08/urban-outfitters-hq/


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31

Too Good to Go to Waste A Solution to Demolition Jarrett Fishman

Left : Tiger Stadium, once an icon of the city, now gone.


32

2010:

CLEAR IT.


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34

Unfortunately, Detroit is populated with many abandoned spaces. Spaces that helped provide the city with a very unique character. These urban gems now face the fear of the wrecking ball. But have they lived their life to their fullest potential?

Venturing through Detroit, anyone is able to

challenged its character. They still stand

through offering considerable short-term

notice the vacant buildings that once had a

strong with minor scratches on their surface.

operations within that may be able to

glowing life force. However, as time passed,

Something must be said about their survival,

help the city realize what these buildings

these once functioning spaces fell victim to

perhaps their purpose and legacy have not

still have to offer. We will examine the

tensions of the city that left them as ghosts.

yet been carried out. We must acknowledge

potential throughout the next ten years

These buildings once contributed to the

these spaces not for what they were, but for

in order to determine the survival of

communities built around them. But now they

what they can become. The map on the right

these legendary structures. It would be

stand against their final destruction. The city

indicates several spaces that I have been

a shame to see something so elegant

has lost sight of opportunities within these

investigating, spaces that I feel are worth

be swept away, leaving behind nothing

excellent structures. Each space has endured

considering in opposition to demolition.

more than a void in its presence, or even

the physical elements over the past that have

Each space will be reviewed and explored

worse, some kitschy urban “park.�


35


36

8

6

7

5 1

4

9 3

2


Are these buildings worth saving? 1. Cass Technical High School (1908-2007).

2400 Block, 2 Avenue, Detroit, MI.

2. David Broderick Tower (1926-2007).

2010 Block, 15 & Marantette, Detroit, MI.

6. Fisher Body 21 (1919-Mid 1990s).

No

E. Grand Boulevard & Concord, Detroit, MI.

9. Park Avenue Building (1922-Early 1990s).

No

2240 West Grand Boulevard, Detroit, MI.

8. Packard Plant (1903-1955).

Yes

600-900 Blocks, Piquette Street, Detroit, MI.

7. Lee Plaza Hotel (1929-Early 1990s).

No

100-118 Sproat Street, Detroit, MI. #

Yes

th

5. Eddystone Hotel (1924-? ).

No

2210 Park Avenue, Detroit, MI.

4. Detroit Public School Book Depository (?-1987).

No

10 Witherell Street, Detroit, MI.

3. The Detroit Building (1923-?).

Yes

nd

2001-2017 Park Avenue, Detroit, MI.

No

37


38

To discover the potential of these spaces, we must ask ourselves: 1. What is the proximity of the location with respect to the city? 2. Does the space have potential to serve the community or specific groups (communal or residential)? 3. Are the areas of interest within the space near ground level?

14. Are these required changes suitable and beneficial to other activities that might take place? 15. Would the potential activities require anything that visitors themselves would not be able to provide?

4. Are there proper means of egress to easily reach these areas?

16. How much of each building is able to be occupied?

5. Is the current infrastructure within the space detrimental?

17. What does this mean for the portion of the building that isn’t of

6. Are there open spaces or does the prospect have many walls? 7. Does the space have fixed objects that would require professional removal? 8. How difficult would it be to clear the space of its existing debris and wreckage? 9. Does the space have the potential to serve the community or specific groups (communal or residential)?

a certain interest? 18. Can the activities that occupy the space be cleared out quick enough to allow shared use? 19. How long do these activities go on within these locations? 20. How many people will each location serve at any given time? 21. Would these activities require electricity? 22. Would these activities require water?

10. How are people supposed to access the location?

23. Do these activities ask for internet access?

11. If the space requires travel by vehicular means, where are

24. How could these visitors provide the necessary utilities to

these vehicles supposed to park? On site? Off site? 12. What activities are possible within each space? 13. What do these activities require as far as modification to the existing spaces?

engage in their desired activities? 25. Would the changes made to the space be at risk of damage or possible theft? 26. What activities would exhibit the potential of each location?


39

27. Is the space hazardous to public health?

39. Would the space require sandblasting?

28. Does the location have issues of mold or mildew that might

40. Is the location defaced in any way that might discourage potential

harm potential visitors? 29. If electricity is an issue, are there certain activities that would still find opportunity during the day? 30. Without electricity, would there be potential activities that could use the space at night? 31. If electricity is an issue, could visitors provide an alternative means of lighting that wouldn’t cause potential harm? 32. Would the activities require heating in the colder seasons? 33. Would the activities ask for cooling in the warmer seasons? 34. Is the location able to offer occupation throughout all seasons? 35. If the space cannot offer potential occupation for all seasons, what must be done to do so? 36. Who would be willing to provide the funds to allow the spaces to become operable? 37. How many activities can the location offer to the community? 38. When a certain activity is not operating, what is done with its components?

visitors from occupying the space? 41. What would need to be done to remove offensive material from the location and who would provide these services? 42. What would the accommodations to the space to suit potential activities cost? 43. Will these activities leave the space in a worse condition than it was originally found?


40

1. Cass Technical


41


42

2. David Broderick Tower


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44

3. The Detroit Building


45


46

4. Detroit Public School Book Depository


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48

5. Eddystone Hotel


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6. Fisher Body Plant #21


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7. Lee Plaza Hotel


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8. Packard Plant


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9. Park Avenue Building


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What could happen if this space were cleared? Imagine what this could be if decayed datums were to disappear.


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60


61


62

2010-2019:

USE IT.


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Cass Technical In 1908, Cass Technical High School opened

began in 1981 and was completed in 1985.

to facilitate the needs of Detroit magnet

An addition was designed by Albert Kahn

students. 1918, it offered space to Ford

Associates. This new wing included a

Motor Company, outside of regular school

gymnasium, various music rooms, a recital

hours. Cass granted Ford employees access

hall, and a practice room. On the wing’s

to the industrial training facilities within

second floor was an enclosed lunchroom,

the building. During the 1920s, Cass held

able to hold 700 students. Classes in

classes in chemistry, bacteriology, biology,

the business wing were also renovated.

and dietetics for local nurses in addition

On Monday July 30, 2007, the old school

to printing classes. By 1970, the school’s

building was set on fire, and the school was

condition became quite a concern. It was

entirely abandoned. Since then, efforts to

feared that Cass was inevitably deteriorating

improve the condition Cass Technical have

beyond repair. Allegations surfaced that the

been proposed. But unfortunately, all have

school and its curriculum were in jeopardy

currently been rejected. Much opportunity

of elimination. Modernization of the school

still exists and awaits in this great space.


65


66

DPS Book Depository This abandoned space began as a Detroit

conditions. The building manages to attract

Post Office, designed by Albert Kahn. This

large numbers of Detroit graffiti artists,

3-story building eventually became part of

and still finds ways to entertain. It has been

Detroit Public Schools, as a storage facility

said that hockey has been played in the

for books and student records. For years

DPS Book Depository after a pipe burst,

the facility continued to operate under the

flooding the floor and freezing to create a

control of Detroit Public Schools. However,

makeshift hockey arena. This facility has not

in the 1980s, a fire left the building and

yet lived to its full potential. The guerilla

its contents in inoperable condition. The

activities and arts found still going on in

school supplies and textbooks waiting to

this space are a direct explanation as to why

be distributed to students were left to rot,

this building must not be ignored. It was

along with the building itself. In 1997, the

designed to stand through time regardless

building was set for demolition, but its cost

of what forces it encountered. A fire was

for destruction would be extreme. Albert

unable to bring down its walls, why should

Kahn had designed the facility to endure all

we let a wrecking ball negate its struggle?


67


68

Fisher Body #21 This auto-manufacturing plant was iconic in

the plant can be considered as a Mecca of

its time. In 1919, Albert Kahn used innovative

Detroit tagging. The spaces inside allow

structural columns that took away from the

and encourage a broad variety of activities.

need to line facades with solid walls, allowing

The factory is composed mostly of wide,

natural lighting within an industrial setting.

open, single-story spaces. The scale of the

Like all other Kahn buildings of this time, the

factory would provide a generous amount

factory was designed to hold up structurally

of space for many activities to operate

through the years. The building served the

simultaneously. Fisher Body #21’s spectrum

automotive industry for many years, building

of distinguished spaces could make it the

car bodies but not cars themselves. The plant

most valuable and flexible space in Detroit

stayed open until the early 1990s, when it was

for reincarnation. At one point, the building

left to face the same fate as many other auto

had been proposed to be converted into a

plants in the Detroit area. Fisher Body 21

“data farm.” However, like many other spaces

still appeals to many. Beautiful graffiti can

studied here, the proposals were clearly

be found all throughout the factory, and

unsuccessful. Fortunately, it’s not over yet.

#


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How we can reincarnate these spaces: 1. Laser Tag

23. Fashion/Modeling Shoots

2. Jogging

24. Drawing Workshops

3. Bowling

25. Parade Float Construction

4. Dodgeball

26. Fencing

5. Paintball

27. Stunt Practice

6. Street Hockey

28. Pet Training Courses

7. Stickball

29. Tee Ball

8. Kickball

30. Indoor Soccer

9. Art Shows

31. Aerobics Courses

10. Concerts

32. Internet Cafe

11. Poetry Shows

33. Food Festivals

12. Karate Sparring

34. Motorcycle Trick Shows/Practice

13. Teaching Kids to Ride Bikes

35. Online Gaming Groups

14. “Hide and Go Seek”

36. Emergency Shelter

15. Capture the Flag

37. School Dances

16. Painting Workshop

38. Swing Dance Workshops

17. Underground Fights

39. Plays and Theatre

18. Street-Skate Competitions

40. Film Screening

19. Photography

41. Exam Administration

20. Breakdance Competitions

42. Academic Tutoring

21. Auctions

43. Shooting Range

22. TV/Film Production

44. Track Practice


71 45. Card Games

67. Archery

89. Intimate Dining

46. Beer Brewing

68. Techno Shows

90. Animal Shelter

47. Corn Hole

69. Public Lectures

91. Emergency Shelter

48. Police Training Courses

70. Public Seminars

92. Yoga

49. Urban Camping

71. Gymnastics

93. Fire Training

50. Business Conferences

72. Rock Climbing

94. Terrorism Exercises

51. Unofficial Town Group Meetings

73. Flea Market

95. Slot Car Racing

52. Video Arcade

74. Public Garage Sales

96. Model Train Expo

53. Pool Tournaments

75. Substance Abuse Meetings

97. Domino Competitions

54. Private Repair Business

76. Fashion Shows

98. Ping Pong Tournaments

55. Center for Craigslist Exchanges

77. Rugby

99. Rube Goldberg Machine Workshop

56. Urban Picnics

78. Polo

100. Horseback Riding

57. Urban Canvas

79. Mental Rehabilitation Clinic

101. Ceramic Workshops

58. Ice Skating Rinks

80. Single-rent Office Spaces

102. Software Tutorials

59. Ice Hockey

81. Holiday Food Drive

103. Field Hockey

60. Blood Donation (Red Cross Stations)

82. Donation Center

104. Basketball

61. Survey Location and Market studies

83. Coffee Shop

105. Ballet Workshops

62. Rollerskating Rink

84. Medical Marijuana Grow Facilities

106. Two-Hand-Touch Football

63. Recycling (Drop-off and Pick-up)

85. School for Graffiti

107. Haunted Houses

64. Election Stations

86. Phone Hotline Center

108. Tap Dancing Workshops

65. Book Clubs

87. Music Workshops

109. Four Square

66. Religious Meetings and Groups

88. Glass Blowing

110. Shuffleboard


72

38, 105, 108


73

3

4

12

26

31

47

89

92

98


74

20

36

43

110

56


75

8,


76

#


77

67


78

#


79

30


80

5,100


81


82

58,59.


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84

2020:

TAKE IT OR LEAVE IT... PLEASE?


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86

Cass Technical

Detroit Public Schools Book Depository

Fisher Body #21


87

What if we could only save one? Which one would it be?


88

Images have been sourced from various on-line sources, including: 1. http://www.artificialowl.net/ 2. http://www.flickr.com/ 3. http://www.forgottendetroit.com/ 4. http://forgottenmichigan.com/ 5. http://silentbuildings.com/ 6. http://www.sweet-juniper.com/


89

The students have attempted to cite sources whenever possible and make no claim of ownership to the visual imagery or statistical data used.


90

solar harvest

proposals for Detroit’s energy production & consumption

“Michigan is fast becoming the eco-pennisula, where green is the new gold.� 1


91

DETROIT, MI Utilizing the Michigan Economic Development Corporation and their initiative, the Michigan Advantage, the city of Detroit will become the test incubator for alternative energy with the help of the businesses this campaign is luring to the state of Michigan. The proposals seek creative solutions to decrease the amount of energy consumption in Detroit and instill a model for the state of Michigan to promote in the Michigan Advantage campaign.


92

Above: Residential neighborhood in Detroit , Michigan. Middle: River town District in Detroit , Michigan. Right : Aerial of Inter state 696 in Royal Oak , Michigan


93

1.5.10. proposals The State of Michigan established a program,

The following three proposals intend to

the Michigan Advantage, that gives the state

establish solutions for the consumer to

the opportunity to utilize the technology of

participate in this alternative energy initiative

the future for energy consumption and allows

with

the state to become a test incubator for this

manufacturing companies. The exploration

technology. This program has brought in many

of biomimicry that mimics nature in process

companies manufacturing and researching

or form can help establish new technologies

alternative energy resources that can allow

that capture solar energy. The proposals will

the state to lead the country in sustainable

explore new ways to implement the up and

manufacturing. However, this program’s main

coming technologies in a variety of different

focus is to reinvigorate the state’s economy

mediums to harness solar power to reduce

and does not instill rules for consumers to

the impact of Detroit’s dependence on the

utilize these technologies.

electrical grid.

assistance

from

the

established


94

biomimicry

bios meaning life

mimesis meaning to imitate

Biomimicry is a discipline that studies natural phenomena and then imitates these designs and processes to solve human problems. Far from inspiring designs that necessarily look like natural objects do, the principles of biomimicry inspire designs that work like natural things do.3 By following the principles life uses, you can create products and processes that are well adapted to life on earth.

4

The conscious emulation of life’s

genius is a survival strategy for the human race, a path to a sustainable future. The more our world functions like the natural world, the more likely we are to endure on this home that Above: Photo provided by

2

is ours, but not ours alone. 5


95

electricity Electricity is in great demand and now alternative energy has become the popular

686 kwh

2007 average monthly residential consumption

10.21¢

average retail price (cents per Kilowatt-hour)

$70.02

average monthly bill (dollar and cents)

topic regarding the consumption of energy. However,

current

technologies

can

not

harness enough electricity to provide great efficiency and the products offered presently contain

materials

that

produce

carbon

emissions that offset the idea of sustainable energy.

Nevertheless,

new

technology

is

being produced that is created with low emission materials and processed through

The current statistics above are for electricity

environmentally friendly means. The following

use in Detroit, Michigan in 2007.

proposals will explore the use of these materials for greater electric efficiency. Above: Statistics provided by the United States Energy Information Administration.

6


96

net-zero district The Rivertown District in Detroit, MI is

as much alternative energy as the building

designated as a net-zero zone to initiate a

would typically use on a conventional electrical

movement of alternative energy production

grid over the course of a year. The district will

and use. This district will serve as a model of

recognize rehabilitation as a typical standard

alternative energy utilization on a large scale

for business use and demolition will only be

and act as a incubator for the small business

allowed if the structure can no longer be saved

culture. The city of Detroit, the state of

to help retain the character of this district.

Michigan, and the federal government will offer

Through this proposal the city of Detroit will

immediate help to any business or individual

hopefully recognize the net-zero Rivertown

that moves into the Rivertown District by

District as a standard of living and working

offering grants to provide the finances to

and these practices will spread throughout

install alternative energy products for zero

the city to reduce the total dependency on

grid power. Specific rules will mandate that

manufactured electricity.

businesses or individuals will need to produce

year proposal Right : Aerial of Detroit , Michigan with Year 1 proposal highlighted


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98


99

existing/new business

government grants + funding

installation of solar panels and green roofs

net-zero district

existing/new residence

The map to the right displays an aerial of the

any approved alternative energy product to

- Riverfront views

Rivertown District with existing businesses

balance the amount of power consumed by the

- Close proximity to Foxtown, Renaissance

and residences labeled for potential upgrades

occupant in a years time. The city of Detroit

Center,

for the net-zero initiative. This district will

would also offer heavy tax breaks for the existing

Financial District

institute specific rules that will mandate the

occupants. New businesses and residents are

- Recreational activities include: Riverwalk,

energy consumption of the occupants who

offered a vast amount of incentives to inhabit

Tri-Centennial State Park, Dequindre Cut,

live or work here. Existing occupants will be

this district. The Rivertown District offers the

Chene Park

offered applications to city, state, and federal

following incentives for new businesses and

- Unique diversity of business types and

grants that would fund the installation of

residents to move to this new net-zero district.

residences

Left : River town District in Detroit , Michigan

Greektown,

Bricktown,

and

the


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green roof

solar panels

- trap and filter rain water

- environmentally friendly; pollution free

- increase roof life span

- renewable resource

- provide habitat for birds, insects, and small

- free energy

animals

- no generated noise pollution

- brings color to the urban environment

- continual economic benefit

- filters pollutants and CO2 out of the air

- technology is continually improving

- provides insulation in winter and reduces

- require very little maintenance

heat loads during the summer

- can last a lifetime 10

- filters pollutants and heavy metals out of rainwater 9

Top: Image of a green roof in urban environment s Above: Image of a solar panel

8

7


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solar green roof green roofs help reduce solar PV temperatures which increases the efficiency of PV capture solar panels provide shade to the green roof reducing evaporation rates and the amount of watering needed for upkeep in the vegetation shade by the solar panels also increases biodiversity 11

Above: Image of a solar panel installed in green roof

12


102

The Energy Pod is a device to capture solar

The intent here is to reduce the overall use of

energy that can reduce the dependence

electricity in the city and create a movement

of a residence or small business on the

of education of alternative energy to the city’s

electrical grid. This pod can also mimic a leaf ’s

hosts accelerating the use of alternative energy

photosynthesis process of creating food, or

as a major source of energy production and

fuel, for the use of automotive fuel. The pod

consumption. They can be purchased, rented,

has a built in storage tank that stores the fuel,

or donated with the intent to help reduce the

methanol, which is produced from a mixture

total energy use in the city and start to reduce

of sunlight and water. The consumer can fuel

the city’s carbon footprint. The pods will be

their vehicle with the methanol or sell it to a

created through a Michigan Advantage team

gas station equipped to sell methanol. The

of businesses that can provide knowledge and

pod can self deploy but also has the capability

equipment in creating the Energy Pods.

for user override to control the deployment of the solar capturing device.

year proposal Right : Aerial of Detroit , Michigan with Year 5 proposal highlighted


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104

process Photosynthesis is a phenomenon by which the plant, helped by solar energy, obtains its food solar energy

(glucose) from the air and the soil and releases

leaf

oxygen into the atmosphere.

carbon dioxide absorption

Mimicking the photosynthetic process could

release of oxygen

allow for greater efficiency in capturing solar energy. New research is showing that the Sun

glucose stem absorption of water and mineral salt s

produces enough energy in one day to power our world for an entire year. Harnessing this power will greatly increase our independence from artificially produced electricity and allow us to lessen the impact we create on our natural environment. 14

Above: Image showing process of photosynthesis 13


105

energy production Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory,

materials like polyethylene, a plastic that’s

are developing a novel way to collect energy

commonly used in bags and plastic wrap. 17

from the sun with a technology that could potentially cost pennies a yard, be imprinted

Scientists

on flexible materials and still draw energy

development of an “artificial leaf ” that mimics a

after the sun has set. This technology is called

real leaf ’s chemical magic with photosynthesis

nantenna which uses “nanoantennas” that are

— but instead converts sunlight and water into

as wide as 1/25 the diameter of a human hair.

a liquid fuel such as methanol for cars and

Research estimates individual nanoantennas

trucks. This technology would allow anyone

can absorb close to 80 percent of the

to create methanol and use it to power their

available energy output from the Sun. The

automobiles through a cleaner and safer fuel.

circuits themselves can be made of a number of different conducting metals, and the nanoantennas can be printed on thin, flexible

18

are

making

progress

toward


106

ck ma

ave

va nd yk es tr e et

eg ran db

t

Michigan neighborhood with Year 5 proposal

ar d

Above: Aerial of Detroit ,

lev

a

ix s

ou

ch

vo rle

ver

hig nor

hwa

y


warren avenue

107

I-9 6 je ffe rie s fr eew ay

wg ran db ou lev ar d

bu

ch

an

Right : Aerial of Detroit , Michigan neighborhood with Year 5 proposal

s an

tr e

et


108

self deployment sensor

user deployment override fuel access pump water line for methanol production Above: Energy Pods are shown undeployed. This is also how they are shipped and can be stacked horizontally for mass transpor tation. The Energy Pod is also equipped with a wind and weather sensor to warn the system of potentially damaging conditions.

battery access


109

| deployed

weather sensor nantenna solar film

user deployment override

Above: The Energy Pod is shown in deployed mode allowing for optimal capture of solar energy. This system is self-deployable but also allows the user to override the system remotely via the per sonal web page, via a bluetooth enabled device, or at the unit it self shown directly above.


110

Above & Left : Energy Pods deployed in Detroit neighborhoods illustrating the realtime constant communication capabilities of the Energy Pod database system.

19, 20


111

The Energy Pods have the capability to communicate with each other via wireless peer to peer [P2P] network. This system tracks statistics for the entire Energy Pod network in real time and uploads the data straight to the Energy Pod web site [www.energypod.com]. Here consumers can log-in to access their personal Energy Pod to view the real-time statistics for that device. They also have the ability to compare their pod’s production to various other deployed Energy Pods and can also track Energy Pods across the city. Online support can also be accessed from this page that provides real time tech support. Above: Per sonal web page for Energy Pod # 14125 displaying the home page for this consumer ’s device with real time statistical tracking database.


112

bunker energy The city and state will team up to redefine the

This proposal incorporates a parametric

transportation infrastructure for the city of

structural grid that can form to any current

Detroit. Utilizing the existing highway bunkers,

or future highway bunker condition to utilize

mass transit will replace one lane for each

the present empty air space above the highway

direction of travel on all major arteries entering

road level. The main use for this airspace is to

the city and incorporate alternative energy as

install a simpler Energy Pod on the parametric

it ONLY source of power. The state has already

structural grid to power the highways with any

implemented the Michigan Advantage to lure

excess serving the immediately surrounding

alternative energy businesses into the state to

neighborhoods. These structural grids can also

boost economy. Now the state will propose an

contain pedestrian paths that will allow people

in-state competition with the newly implanted

a safer path of travel across the highway and

alternative energy businesses and the current

will also create a unique intimate experience

engineering rich businesses that have defined

within the solar fields. This will also set up an

the state’s economy for the past century.

energy source for future mass transit.

year proposal Right : Aerial of Detroit , Michigan with Year 10 proposal highlighted


113


114

~15’ air space

potential airspace for bunker energy system

Above: View of a section of M-8 Davison Freeway in Detroit , Michigan that shows the bunker air space as an under utilized space. Currently the only structure that inhabit s the space are used for road signs.

21


115

~15’ air space

potential airspace for bunker energy system

Above: View of a section ofI-75 Jeffries Freeway in Detroit , Michigan that shows a different condition of a highway bunker that is under utilizing the air space above the highway.

22


116

highway bunker conditions

I-94 condition_01

I-94 condition_02

I-94 condition_03

M-8 condition_01


117

I-696 condition_01

I-696 condition_02 These conditions reflect the current highway infrastructure for the Detroit Metro area. The depressed highway design was a ground breaking highway design that was utilized across the country. Detroit and the State of Michigan led the way for highway construction

I-696 condition_03

through the early 20th century.


118

parametric structural grid pattern

10'

10'

10'

10'

10'

10' 10'

10'

150'

192'

206'

230'

254'

10’ x 10’ box structure can equally adjust to any condition

10'

10'


119

10'

10’ x 10’ box

254'

254'

254' 10'

10’ x 10’ staggered box

10'

10'

10'

10'

5'

254'

structural grid pattern exploration

10'

10' 50'

62'

10’ x 10’ octagon

10’ diameter octagon


120

solar field pedestrian bridge

future netzero light rail

existing service drive

existing I-94 west bound existing I-94 east bound Above & Opposite: Perspective section & plan view of partial I-94 highway with integrated Bunker Energy System + pedestrian access. [future net-zero light rail shown]

existing service drive


existing service drive

future net-zero light rail west bound

future net-zero light rail east bound

existing service drive 121

solar field pedestrian bridge

existing I-94 west bound

existing I-94 east bound


122

Above & Opposite: Perspective views of the pedestrian access overlooking a portion of I-94 highway with solar deployment system.


123


124 1.

Adver tisement . The Michigan Advantage.

Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/

Michigan Economic Development

ask/electricity_faqs.asp>.

Corporation. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.

2.

Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.re-nest .com/

Alternative-Energy/Default .aspx>.

re-nest/gardening/conver t-new-york-green-

East Ferr y Street scape. Photograph. Wikiwak .

roofs-083910>.

Wikiwak , 10 Mar. 1980. Web. 21 Feb. 2010.

3.

Online. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.

Avenue_Historic_District>.

warringah.nsw.gov.au/environment/images/

Machiel, Alan. Detroit Shipbuilding Company

solar-panels_web_000.jpg>. Energy Is Now Available Here. Web. 21 Feb. 2010.

flickr.com/photos/50142821@N00/479412881>.

<http://w w w.totalsolarenergy.co.uk/solar-panel.

Breen-Bondie, Karen. Photograph. Royal Oak , MI.

html>. Energy Is Now Available Here. Web. 21 Feb.

Photograph. Suppor t the 11th Hour. Myspace,

2010. <http://w w w.totalsolarenergy.co.uk/solar-

23 Oct . 2008. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://blogs.

power-fact s.html>.

cfm?stor yid=1049>. 19. Photograph. NC Development Group. NC Development Group. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.ncdevgroup.com/show_proper ty. cfm?listing_id=20>. 20. Photograph. Urbanophile. Urbanophile. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://3.bp.blogspot . com/_110KgBgA9pU/So9hUQRsM4I/AAAAAAAAATI/ gksP9WFhuc0/s1600/Picture%2B134.jpg>. 21. Cook , Kelly. Davison Freeway. Photograph. Detroit . Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 1 Dec. 2005. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ File:DavisonFreeway.JPG>. 22. Pooya, Ryan. 2009. Photograph. Interstate 96 Michigan, Detroit . AA Roads. AA Roads, 22 Oct . 2009. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.aaroads.

GSAPP Online. Columbia University. Web. 21 Feb.

<http://w w w.totalsolarenergy.co.uk/solar-panel.

com/midwest/i-096_mi.html>.

2010. <http://w w w.arch.columbia.edu/event/

html>. 15. Photograph. Zinco Greenroof. Zinco Greenroof.

adaptation>.

Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.zinco-greenroof.

Biomimicr y Guild. Biomimicr y Guild. Web. 21

com/systeme_gruendach/images/lightbox/solar.

guild_biomimicr y.html>.

jpg>. 16. Photograph. Visual Dictionar y Online. Merriam-

The Biomimicr y Institute. The Biomimicr y

Webster. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://visual.

Institute. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.

merriam-webster.com/plant s-gardening/plant s/

biomimicr yinstitute.org/about-us/what-isbiomimicr y.html>. 9.

21 Feb. 2010. <http://ev world.com/ar ticle.

Energy Is Now Available Here. Web. 21 Feb. 2010.

Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.biomimicr yguild.com/ 8.

14. “Solar Panel or Green Roof.” Low Cost Solar

Economy -- Par t 2.” EV World. EV World. Web.

riendId=237482858&blogId=443282124>.

gsapp-event/biomimicr y-architecture-and7.

13. “Solar Power Fact s Revealed.” Low Cost Solar

flickr.com/photos/48297161@N00/1517372544>.

myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=blog.view&f 6.

12. “Solar Panel or Green Roof.” Low Cost Solar

30 Apr. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.

Flickr. Flickr. Web. 21 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w. 5.

11. Photograph. Warringah Online. Warringah

<http://w w w.wikiwak .com/wak/East_Ferr y_

Machine Shop. 2007. Photograph. Flickr. Flickr,

4.

10. Photograph. Re-net . Apar tment Therapy.

michiganadvantage.org/Targeted-Initiatives/

Publication no. ES2008-54016. ASME, 2008. Print . 18. “EV WORLD: Beyond Oil and Gas -- The Methanol

plant/photosynthesis.php>. 17. Photograph. Kotter, Dale K., W. Dennis Slafer,

U.S. Energy Information Administration. U.S.

Steven D. Novack , and Patrick Pinhero. SOLAR

Energy Information Administration, 6 Feb. 2009.

NANTENNA ELECTROMAGNETIC COLLECTORS.


125


126

...moving forward


127

- can biomimicry drive the design of the Energy Pod and Bunker Energy Grid to create an efficient and viable solution to decrease the amount of energy consumed? - are there other applications that the Energy Pod can be applied to and achieve the same result? - what are the social implications of both devices?


128


129

[Re]framing the Brand Proposals for Detroit’s Emerging + Existing Businesses. Alivia Stalnaker

“A FRENCH AIR Tor ya Blanchard a former teacher, runs two crêperies. “I just wanted to do something that I loved,” she said.” 1 Photograph by Fabrizio Costantini for The New York Times. 2


130

> “In 2004, [the Foundation] took the visionar y step of

“ The store that Kresge built has evolved into an empire of more than 1,500 stores

constructing a new, sustainably designed headquar ter s

and an Internet presence that reaches millions of customer s. The Kmar t name has

and renovating a historic building on our existing three-

become a symbol of Americana...” 5,6

acre site in Troy, Michigan.”

3,4


131

An Entrepreneur ’s Scene Projective Analysis of Detroit Businesses After researching and probing into the

established foundations that quickly became

histories of several well-known Michigan

the environmental and community activist

and Detroit-founded businesses, a

as seemingly separate from the original

particular pattern of unconscious or

business. Projecting forward to the start-up

unplanned growth to business mogul and

of Detroit’s present scene, a set of “quality of

culturally-influential figure emerged. These

life” businesses was unveiled as models for

entrepreneurs, in attempts to prolong their

a bottom up steward and active community

legacy, activate the community, and achieve

participant.

other apparently wholesome intentions,


“‘[T]his adventure in entrepreneurship was never completely about making money. It was also about creating a more 1 livable community.’” 132


133

With a $6000 star t-up cost , â&#x20AC;&#x153;Nathan Faustyn, [above], helped star t a foreign movie house [known as the Bur ton Theatre]...â&#x20AC;? 1 Photograph by Fabrizio Costantini for The New York Times. 7


134


135

1

Year Proposal

Word of Mouth Markers Directional Cues to (Un)known Businesses As a public service effort, the markers,

or electronic device, based on the provided

fabricated from reused traffic signage,

stock information (general direction and

operate as visual prompts to remind

proximity). The panels also probe a set of

visitors and residents of a prescribed set

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;slowerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; actions for the pedestrian or biker

of businesses around Detroit that may

through its imprinted personal experiences

otherwise go unnoticed in the expedient

and high tech barcode system, which links

exiting of the city (after a mass event). Here,

to an interface for additional and repeated

logistical hints at navigation are strategically

access to information about the particular

omitted; the makers rely on the visitorsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

businesses.

own mapping through the city via analogue

Opposite (Clockwise from top right): Directional/ navigational signage as precedent models. 8,9,10


136 Wo od wa rd

75

Av

10

e. 94

96

ff Je

er

so

v nA

e.

N

B

39

M ic

h ig a

e. n Av

A

Windsor, Ontario Canada

1 mi.

4 mi.

N


29 56

13 38

Michigan Ave.

27

4

31

137 10

Cobo Center 53

19

22

Joe Louis Arena

15 17

Windsor, Ontario Canada

75

A| Southwest Detroit, Mexicantown, Corktown

0 mi.

x

1/4 mi. â&#x20AC;&#x153; Word of Mouth Business Location

1/2 mi. Mass Event Venue

1 mi. Marker Hub

N


16

Detroit Institute of Ar t s

Detroit Science Center 55

47

Universit y

75

36

ve.

Wayne State 138

tio

10

tA

48

52 26 50

Gr a

9

23 37

41

Eastern Market

Wo

42

35

24

od wa rd

28

18

Av e

8

.

43

10

34

7 1

46

33

39 51

40

Ford Field

12

Motorcity Casino

2 Fox Theatre 11

Jef

Commeric a Park

29

27

13

Michigan Ave.

31

Av

e.

3

Detroit Opera House

MGM Grand

fe

n r so

Greektow n

30

Campus Mar tius 20

B| Midtown, Downtown, Eastern Market

0 mi.

x 53

1/4 mi. â&#x20AC;&#x153; Word of Mouth Business Location

1/2 mi. Mass Event Venues

1 mi. Marker Hub

N


40

139 (Vehicular, Pedestrian)

Ford Field

12

2

(Pedestrian)

(Pedestrian)

Commeric a Park (Vehicular, Pedestrian)

Fox Theatre

75

Av e ot

Detroit Opera House

ati

11

.

3

Gr

(Vehicular, Pedestrian)

(Vehicular)

(Vehicular)

29

Wo

Greektow n

od wa

30

rd Av

13

e. (Vehicular)

Campus Mar tius

Michigan Ave. 20 (Vehicular, Pedestrian)

Pre/Post Event Circulation | Marker Hub Logic

53

Jef

fer

s

A on

ve.


140

Word of Mouth White Pages

ENTERTAINMENT 1 Bur ton Theatre

FOOD 6 Aladin Sweet s & Cafe

12 Comet Bar

17 Green Dot Stables

23 Majestic Cafe/Club

3420 Cass Ave.

11945 Conant St .

128 Henr y St .

2200 West Lafayette Bld.

4140 Woodward Ave.

Detroit , MI 48201

Hamtramck , MI 48212

Detroit , MI

Detroit , MI 48216

Detroit , MI 48201

313.473.9238

313.891.3141

313.964.1508

313.965.1523

313.833.0120

2 City Theatre

7 Atlas Global Bistro

13 Detroit’s Breakfast

2301 Woodward Ave.

3111 Woodward Ave.

House & Grill

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48201

1241 Woodward Ave.

313.965.2222

313.831.2241

Detroit , MI 48226

18 Honest John’s Bar & Grill 24 Magic Stick 488 Selden Street 4120 Woodward Ave. Detroit , MI 48201 Detroit , MI 48201 313.832.5646

313.833.7665

19 Honeybee Market

25 Maria’s Comida

313.961.1115 3 Gem & Centur y Theatre

8 Ber t’s Market Place

333 Madison St .

2727 Russell St .

Detroit , MI 48226

Detroit , MI 48207

313.963.9800

313.567.2030

14 El Barzon

2443 Bagley St .

11411 Joseph Campau St .

3710 Junction St .

Detroit , MI 48216

Hamtramck , MI 48212

Detroit , MI 48210

313.237.0295

313.733.8406

313.894.2070 4 LJ’s Lounge

9 The Bronx

2114 Michigan Ave.

4476 2nd Ave.

Detroit , MI 48216

Detroit , MI 48201

313.962.0013

313.832.8464

20 Jacoby’s Bistro 15 Evie’s Tamales

26 Motor City Brewing Works

660 Woodward Ave.

470 West Canfield St .

3454 Bagley Street

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48216

313.961.0051

313.832.2700

313.843.5056 5 Small’s

10 Cass Cafe

10339 Conant St .

4620 Cass Ave.

Hamtramck , MI 48212

Detroit , MI 48201

313.873.1117

313.831.1400

21 Kowalski Deli 16 Good Girls Go

27 Nemo’s Bar

9405 Joseph Campau St.

1384 Michigan Ave.

To Paris Crepes

Hamtramck , MI 48212

Detroit , MI 48226

15 E. Kirby St .

313.871.3435

313.965.3180

Detroit , MI 48202 11 Cliff Bell’s

313.964.2023

22 Le Petit Zinc

28 Old Miami

2030 Park Avenue

1055 Trumbull St .

3930 Cass Ave.

Detroit , MI 48226

Detroit , MI 48216

Detroit , MI 48201

313.961.2543

313.963.2805

313.831.3830


GALLERIES 29 Oslo

35 Sala Thai

41 Traffic Jam

44 4731 Galler y

141

SHOPPING 50 Bureau of Urban Living

56 Rachel’s Place

1456 Woodward Ave.

3400 Russell St .

511 W Canfield St .

4731 Grand River Ave.

460 West Canfield St .

2124 Pine Street

Detroit , MI 48226

Detroit , MI 48207

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48208

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48216

313.962.7200

313.831.1304

313.831.9470

313.894.2267

313.833.9336

313.964.9008

30 Orchid Thai

36 Shangri-La

42 Union Street

45 555 Galler y & Studio

51 Busy Bee Hardware

115 Monroe Street

4710 Cass Ave.

4145 Woodward Ave.

4882 Grand River Ave.

1401 Gratiot Ave.

Detroit , MI 48226

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48208

Detroit , MI 48207

313.962.0225

313.974.7669

313.831.3965

313.894.4202

313.567.0785

31 P.J.’s Lager House

37 Sgt. Pepperoni’s Plazzeria

43 Vivios Food & Spirit s

46 The Bankle Building

52 City Bird

1254 Michigan Ave.

4140 Woodward Ave.

2460 Market St .

2944 Woodward Ave.

460 West Canfield St .

Detroit , MI 48226

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48207

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48201

313.961.4668

313.833.9700 ext .213

313.393.1711

313.433.1747

313.831.9146

32 Polish Village Cafe

38 Slow’s Bar BQ

47 Detroit Ar tist s Market

53 John King Books

2990 Yemans St .

2138 Michigan Ave.

4719 Woodward Ave.

901 W Lafayette Blvd.

Hamtramck , MI 48212

Detroit , MI 48216

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48226

313.874.5726

313.962.9828

313.832.8540

313.961.0622

33 R. Hir t Jr. Co.

39 Supino Pizza

48 MOCAD

54 Leopold’s Books

2468 Market St .

2457 Russell St .

4454 Woodward Ave.

15 East Kirby St .

Detroit , MI 48207

Detroit , MI 48207

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48202

313.831.2020

313.567.7879

313.832.6622

313.875.4677

34 Russell Street Deli

40 Temple Bar

49 Pewabic Potter y

55 Mar will Bookstore, Inc.

2465 Russell St .

2906 Cass Avenue

10125 E Jefferson Ave.

4870 Cass Ave.

Detroit , MI 48207

Detroit , MI 48201

Detroit , MI 48214

Detroit , MI 48201

313.567.2631

313.832.2822

313.822.0954

313.832.3078


142

18 ”

2”

Typical Marker Scale: 3” = 1’-0”

Plan

Connection to telephone pole Directional Cue

Stock Information

(Description) Material: Reused Road Signage Fabrication Method: Cut | Fold

< Cass Cafe

Type: Glow-in-the-dark (Reflective) Screen Print

10 ”

Req. Mounting Hardware

Pre-cut slit s for fold centerline

5 minute drive 20 minute walk

[Digital] barcode for iPhone application

Front Elevation


Union Street | The ver y fir st time my father came to visit , I took him to Union Street . I ordered the salmon salad; my dad had roast beef. I was 6-months away from graduating; my dad 6-year s from retiring. We drank water with lemon to star t ; then, each ordered something stronger. It was the fir st time that I drank with my dad; in public no less. He asked me about school, relationships, life, etc. I asked him the same. We talked like we were old friends, meeting after many year s apar t . When my dad left that night , a tear welled up in the corner of my right eye. My relationship with my dad changed that night ; sometime between the appetizer and our final drink I grew up. 11

MOCAD | Once, I feel in love at MOCAD. It was with that tall guy; with a scruff y beard; and the dark glasses. He wore purple, and he wore it well. I followed from a distance as he moved throughout the galler y, staring inquisitively at each piece. Our eyes met only once, though it’s possible he was actually looking at the 11-foot gouache mounted behind me. It was hard to tell. But I’m pretty sure he was checking out the gouache... 11

143

John King Books John King, why are you so cold? John King, I love that you’re so old. Oh John King, how I wander row to row, from aisle to aisle, full stack in tow. John King, you once helped me find the perfect novel, and John King, no other girl will love you like I will. John King, it is you I adore. John King, you have my love evermore. 11

Per sonal account of business by resident s (with uncurated tone) 15 I sit at Cass Cafe alone. I sit at Cass Cafe with friends. I come dressed up, but most it's thursday, a $1 can of Black Label. I stop by before school and after work. I talk about everything and nothing, or knowing that tomorrow I might just do it all again.These are the moments when I realize I love this city. -Megan Deal 11

10 5

Typ. Marker Hub Plan

Remnant s of reused signage 12

Back Elevation


144

< Cass Cafe

5 minute drive 20 minute walk

I sit at Cass Cafe alone. I sit at Cass Cafe with friends. I come dressed up, but most it's thursday, a $1 can of Black Label. I stop by before school and after work. I talk about everything and nothing, or knowing that tomorrow I might just do it all again.These are the moments when I realize I love this city. -Megan Deal

Bert’s Market Place

2 minute drive

<

10 minute walk

“Oh yeah, I forgot Cass Cafe is around here. Punch it into your phone; let’s go.” 13


145

Setting and scope of marker legibility after a Detroit tiger s game 14


146


147

5

Year Proposal

Community Incubation Business Start-Ups + Neighborhood Facade Embedded gradually in various Detroit

consciousness rather than as passively

toward a collective approach, it provides

neighborhoods, the second-phase business

separate and disconnected entities.

a canvas for a vegetal wall as a community

incubation models serve as a means to group

The façade of these locations provokes an

project, involving city residents from the

and network a series of start-up businesses

opportunity to establish a projective identity

start of the business and continuing to serve

together for a collaborative initiative for

system as a connective element throughout

as stewards (to the city and environment)

the city. This framework acts as a way to

the city; though, the network begins to

through the maintenance and cultivation

build up the “quality of life” business and

question the nature of the ‘green wall’ as

of that wall.

community together through environmental-

light advertisement or stewardship. Leaning

Opposite (Clockwise from upper left): “It is my hope,” [Kellogg] said, “that the proper ty that kind Providence has brought me may be helpful to other s, and that I may be found a faithful steward.” 15 The W.K. Kellogg Foundation promotes a sustainable and environmentally friendly landscape through it’s community, educational, and entrepreneurial programs. 16,17,18,19,20,21


148

Techone

A

C D

B

E

techtown: nextenergy (left) and techone (right), detroit, michigan

“ Techtown: Nextenergy (Left) and Techone (Right)” in Detroit . “ The Kresge Foundation awarded TechTown a $1.5million grant—$500,000 in grow th capital to advance it s role as a business accelerator...” 22,23


Wo od wa rd

149

e.

University Commons

Av

10

75

Highland Park Hamtramck

Warren Conner 94

Grandmont Rosedale

Central Woodward Jefferson East New Center

96

East River front Midtown

Eastern Market

Woodbridge

Je

ffe

o rs

v nA

e.

Downtown

39

Mic

e. n Av higa

Corktown Mexicantown Southwest Detroit

Windsor, Ontario Canada

0 mi.

1 mi.

2 mi.

4 mi.

N


150

Reception Conference Resource Center Shared facilities | Shared materials | Shared Suppor t staff | Cross/shared market

Business 01

Business 02

Business 03

Business 04


151

24,25


152

>

Existing Facade as non-descript26

>

Existing Facade as preservation27

>

Existing Facade as identity28


153

Clockwise (from upper left): â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Greenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; facade as identity; 29 Green facade as urban project ; 30 Green facade as community engagement ; 31,32 Green facade as environmental steward 33


154

Character Harold Crick , in the film ‘Stranger Than Fiction’ operates in a numerical realm of metrics —counting his foot steps and clocking his pace per a routine schedule. 34


155

10

Year Proposal

Carbon Footprint Interface Business resource as consumer stewardship Speculatively tooled up for a metric-driven

in Detroit (and/or Michigan) of business

and environmental-consciousness, the

to mogul to repercussion/image-driven

individual (within the next decade) will

foundation does not function as an active

begin to take further ownership in his or her

agent toward this effort; a new projective

own carbon footprint as an immediate and

and gradually progress model of business

collectively effective act of stewardship. As

is required. Thus, the interface as one

a result, an open, fluid dialogue is demanded

potential application provides information

between manufacturers, businesses, and

about carbon footprint of products, services,

consumers to work collectively toward

and environments and surfaces this data

smarter cities and communities. The

digitally to the public at the point of

historically perceived business model

shopping, experiencing, and sale.


â&#x20AC;&#x153;The average American's yearly carbon footprint is just about 20 tons... the global average is just a shade under 4 35 tons each year.â&#x20AC;?

156


157

Lansing

Detroit

Grand Rapids

in ti le H ig he st qu

Total carbon emissions per capita by quintile36


158


159 Foundation as mogul

Foundation as community engagement Foundation as steward

Business as mogul

Opposite: 1956 Ford Motor Company's Rouge Plant . 37

Opposite: “Recognized in

Business as steward

2004 by Guinness World Records as the largest green roof in the world, this green roof cover s 454,000 square feet ...atop Ford’s new truck assembly plant . The green roof is a par t of a comprehensive effor t to revitalize the historic Ford Rouge Centre complex as a model for 21st Centur y sustainable manufacturing and is a significant component of a site-wide 600-acre stormwater management system.” 38,39

Business at start-up


160

“‘Undeterred, [Liz] Blondy [of Canine] to Five began to investigate other green modifications she can make to the building and to her work space, and is finding a host of solutions that can save money and reduce her carbon footprint —on her small-business budget.’”40

“‘If you own a 25,000-square-foot office or industrial building, there are not a lot of [‘green’] programs out there…there are people who recognize there are things that can be done short of the benchmark standards, and it’s crazy that public policy doesn’t incentivize small business to do this stuff ’”40


161

Networked system of micro-foundations

Business as microfoundation

Business as community engagement Business as steward Business at start-up


162 0.6 lbs. CO2

1 lbs. CO2

0.5 lbs. CO2

Clockwise (from upper left): User interface applications techniques to implement business model. 41,42,43 Opposite: Interface as active agent in city spaces for business/consumer monitoring and stewardship. 44


1 lbs. CO2 2 lbs. CO2

___ Indoor air quality ___Energy Consumption

163


164


165

Projective Work A proposal for the remaining term Building off of the 5 year proposal, the work strives to investigate the notion of a business incubation center as a catalyst for community projects and events. It will, as a potential starting-off point, engage in the analysis of possible business groupings and programmatic requirements per incubation location. A probe into the implications of a community venue embedded within a body of start-ups, as a new operational model that works to achieve the progress business model described in the 10 year proposal, will be explored. Opposite (Top to bottom): “PieLab, an initiative of Project M, is focused on community development and engagement in Hale County, AL.” 45 “PIE + CONVERSATION = IDEAS” “IDEAS + DESIGN = POSITIVE CHANGE” 45 Photographs taken by Brian W. Jones in 2009. 46,47


166

Can a business incubation network and individual space, that engages the community through its identity and environmental facade, begin to take on more work in terms of community program and development? Moving toward a flexible spatial model, what type of venue might be afforded, and what begins to constitute shared spaces/amenities?

Working in parallel to the notion of the pop-up entrepreneur, can these incubation models transiently embed themselves within the community to provide a mobile hub for community activity and other environmental projects within the city?


167


168 1.

2.

Saulny, Susan. “Detroit Entrepreneurs Opt to Look

places-and-sight s/_more2005/_more08/

Up.” The New York Times. The New York Times,

England-London-Oxford-Circus-metal-multiarm-

9 Jan. 2010. Web. 23 Jan. 2010. <http://w w w.

directional-sign-against-sky-and-buildings-

ny times.com/2010/01/10/us/10star tup.html>.

marked-for-Soho-and-Tottenham-Cour t-Road-

Repor t. W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Web. 24 Jan.

and-All-Souls-Langham-Place-and-Bond-Street-

2010. <http://w w2.wkkf.org/2009Annua lRepor t/

York Times. The New York Times. Web.

and-Carnaby-Street-and-Piccadilly-Circus-

19 Jan. 2010. <http://w w w.ny times.com/

closeup-1-DHD.jpg.html>. 9.

Photograph. Brandon, Heather. Web log post .

Repor t. W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Web. 24 Jan.

Urban Compass: Signs of Vitality. 17 Nov. 2009.

2010. <http://w w2.wkkf.org/2009Annual Repor t/

Sears Holdings Corporation. Web. 22 Jan. 2010.

Web. 15 Feb. 2010. <http://urbancompass.

<http://w w w.kmar tcorp.com/careers/why%20us/

net/?p=2532>. 10. Thurman, Gerald. The Iron Mountation Sign Pole.

Kresge Store - corner of State + Woodward (77323).

2007. Photograph. RoadTrip America. 2007. Web.

1938. Photograph. Wayne State Univer sity Vir tual

15 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.roadtripamerica.com/

Motor City. Wayne State. Web. 25 Jan. 2010.

roadside/California-Iron-Mountain-Sign-Pole.

<http://dlxs.lib.wayne.edu/cgi/i/image/imageidx?id=S-VMC-X-77323%5D77323>. 5.

of-Mouth.” Message to the author. 9 Mar. 2010.

The Kresge Foundation. Web. 24 Jan. 2010.

E-mail. Simtropolis. 9 July 2009. Web. 8 Mar. 2010.

The Kresge Foundation’s LEED Platinum-cer tified

<http://w w w.simtropolis.com/forum/

Headquar ter s. Photograph. National Trust for

messageview.cfm?catid=37&threadid=107194

Historic Preser vation: Kresge Foundation Suppor t

Launches Sustainability Program. National Trust

13. Vector Hi-detailed Car Silhouette. Photograph.

&enter thread=y>.

for Historic Preser vation. Web. 24 Jan. 2010.

Fotolia. Web. 20 Feb. 2010. <http://w w w.fotolia.

<http://w w w.preser vationnation.org/suppor t-us/

com/id/15820854>. 14. Autumn in Detroit. 2009. Photograph. Weather

Costantini, Fabrizio. Photograph. The New

Underground. Web. 4 Mar. 2010. < http://w w w.wun

York Times. The New York Times. Web.

derground.com/wximage/viewsingleimage.html?m

19 Jan. 2010. <http://w w w.ny times.com/

ode=singleimage&handle=MichiganSnowLvr&numb

imagepages/2010/01/10/us/10star tup_CA1.html>. 8.

12. Photograph. “#1567171.” Web Log comment .

index/>.

development/kresge.html>. 7.

html>. 11. Deal, Megan. “Call for Author : Detroit Word-

“Our Green Headquar ters.” The Kresge Foundation. <http://w w w.kresge.org/index.php/headquar ters/

6.

letters/president-ceo-2.html>. 17. Photograph. W.K. Kellogg Foundation: 2009 Annual

“Kmar t Histor y.” Sear s Holdings Corporation.

kmar t-histor y.htm>. 4.

mID=5&NID=40&LanguageID=0>. 16. Photograph. W.K. Kellogg Foundation: 2009 Annual

Costantini, Fabrizio. Photograph. The New

imagepages/2010/01/10/us/10star tup4.html>. 3.

<http://w w2.wkkf.org/default .aspx?tabid=63&Ite

Photograph. DHD Multimedia Galler y: Ear th Views. Web. 15 Feb. 2010. <http://galler y.hd.org/_c/

er=1768&album_id=398&thumbstar t=0&galler y=>. 15. “Over view.” W.K. Kellogg Foundation: Stewardship. W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Web. 25 Jan. 2010.

stories/michigan-introduction.html>. 18. Photograph. W.K. Kellogg Foundation: 2009 Annual Repor t. W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Web. 24 Jan. 2010. <http://w w2.wkkf.org/2009Annual Repor t/ stories/national-stories-continued.html>. 19. Photograph. W.K. Kellogg Foundation: 2009 Annual Repor t. W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Web. 24 Jan. 2010. <http://w w2.wkkf.org/2009Annual Repor t/ stories/michigan-stories-continued.html>. 20. Photograph. W.K. Kellogg Foundation: 2009 Annual Repor t. W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Web. 24 Jan. 2010. <http://w w2.wkkf.org/2009Annual Repor t/ stories/michigan-stories-continued.html>. 21. Photograph. W.K. Kellogg Foundation: 2009 Annual Repor t. W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Web. 24 Jan. 2010. <http://w w2.wkkf.org/2009Annual Repor t/ stories/michigan-sustainable-futures.html>. 22. “2007 Annual Repor t : Community Development .” The Kresge Foundation. The Kresge Foundation. Web. 23 Jan. 2010. <http://w w w.kresge.org/index. php/annual_repor t/2007_annual_repor t/>. 23. Techtown: Nextenergy (left) and Techone (right), Detroit , Michigan. Photograph. The Kresge Foundation: 2007 Annual Repor t. The Kresge Foundation. Web. 23 Jan. 2010. <http://


169 w w w.kresge.org/content/ar07/programs/ communitydevelopment .pdf>. 24. Occupation Stick Figure Icons. Photograph.

w w w.buildinggreentv.com/key words/living-wall>. 33. Photograph. “Green Facades with Stainless Steel Mesh | Classifieds/Adver tisement s - Discussion

5 Mar. 2010. <http://w w w.crainsdetroit .com/ ar ticle/20090204/DM01/902049981/1104>. 41. Photograph. “Barcode Scanner, Sales and

IStockphoto. 19 Feb. 2008. Web. 15 Feb. 2010.

Topics |.” Capitol Greenroofs. 4 Feb. 2009. Web. 1

Management , Inventor y Control, Price Grade,

<http://w w w.istockphoto.com/stock-illustration-

Mar. 2010. <http://capitolgreenroofs.groupsite.

POS, Point-of-sale.” TechRide Information

5409114-occupation-stick-figure-icons.php>.

com/discussion/topic/show/146768>.

Solutions. Web. 12 Mar. 2010. <http://w w w.

25. Occupation Stick Figure Icons. Photograph.

34. Photograph. “Stranger Than Fiction.” Web Log

techrider.ca/MBxPOS.asp>.

IStockphoto. 25 Apr. 2008. Web. 15 Feb. 2010.

post . Ramos Creative. 27 June 2008. Web. 26 Feb.

<http://w w w.istockphoto.com/file_closeup/

2010. <http://blog.ramoscreative.com/2008/06/

Home Economics: Shop, Cook , Eat ; Repeat.

illustrations-vectors/vector-icons/5964633-

stranger-than-fiction/>.

24 Aug. 2005. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. <http://

occupation-stick-figures.php?id=5964633>. 26. Storefront on Woodward Avenue, Detroit . Personal photograph by author. 2010. 27. Preser ved Facade, Detroit . Personal photograph by author. 2010. 28. Power House, Detroit . Personal photograph by author. 2010. 29. Photograph. “Strohhaus | Felix Jerusalem.” Web Log post . Stash Pocket. 8 Jan. 2008. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://stashpocket .wordpress. com/2008/01/18/>. 30. Photograph. “Energy Cannot Be Created nor

35. Dunn, Collin. “Reduce Your Carbon Footprint by Half in Three Steps : Planet Green.” Planet

42. Photograph. “An Easy Vacation.” Web Log post .

robinheather.typepad.com/go/chow_bella/>. 43. Photograph. “GoodGuide Barcode Scanner.”

Green : Sustainable Living, Energy Conser vation,

Web Log post . 2dayBlog.com. 30 Nov. 2009.

Ear th Day. 8 July 200. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. <http://

Web. 4 Mar. 2010. <http://w w w.2dayblog.

planetgreen.discover y.com/home-garden/ reduce-carbon-footprint-threesteps.html>.

com/2009/11/30/goodguide-barcode-scanner/>. 44. Photograph. “Daily Grind Coffee House and Cafe’s

36. Brown, Marilyn A., Frank Southwor th, and Andrea

Page - Barista Exchange.” Barista Exchange. Web.

Sarzynski. Shrinking the Carbon Footprint of

12 Mar. 2010. <http://w w w.baristaexchange.com/

Metropolitan America. Rep. 2008. Print . 37. Ford Motor Co. Rouge Plant ; BL004031 (BL004031). 1956. Photograph. Bentley Image

profile/GregandJohnnieDillard>. 45. PieLab. Web. 9 Mar. 2010. <http://pielab.org/>. 46. Jones, Brian W. PieLab 1.0. 2009.

Bank. Bentley Historical Librar y. Web. 25 Jan.

Photograph. Flickr. 28 May 2009. Web.

Destroyed.” Web Log post . UThink: Blogs at the

2010. <http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/i/image/

8 Mar. 2010. <http://w w w.flickr.com/

Univer sity of Minnesota. 28 Feb. 2008. Web. 1

image-idx?id=S-BHL-X-BL004031%5DBL004031>.

photos/brianwjones/3573593240/in/set-

Mar. 2010. <http://blog.lib.umn.edu/dewo0010/ architecture/>. 31. Cooperation. Photograph. “Los Angeles Crop Walls Offer More Then Food.” Web Log post .

38. “Ford Plant .” Green Roofs for Healthy Cities. Web. 24 Jan. 2010. <http://w w w.greenroofs.org/index. php/grhccommittees/290?task=view>. 39. The Ford Plant. Photograph. Green Roofs for

72157618913950034/>. 47. Jones, Brian W. PieLab 2.0. 2009. Photograph. Flickr. 28 May 2009. Web. 8 Mar. 2010. <http://w w w.flickr.com/

Building Green. 7 Aug. 2008. Web. 1 Mar. 2010.

Healthy Cities: Ford Plant. Web. 24 Jan. 2010.

photos/brianwjones/4044317744/in/set-

<http://w w w.buildinggreentv.com/key words/

<http://w w w.greenroofs.org/index.php/

72157622475908923/>.

living-wall>.

grhccommittees/290?task=view>.

32. Cal Poly Student . Photograph. “Green Living News

40. Kaffer, Nancy. “Going Green: Reduce Your Carbon

Letter, March Edition.” Web Log post . Building

Footprint for Less.” Crain’s Detroit Business.

Green. 3 Mar. 2009. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. <http://

Crain’s Communication, Inc., 4 Feb. 2009. Web.


170


171

Productive Color The proliferation of saturation in Hamtramck. Dorothy Schwankl


172


173

Color


174

Detroit has an average of 185 overcast days per year and only 70 sunny days.


175

What role does color play in this desaturated landscape?


176


Color Hierarchy: Houses

Siding is available in a limited palette of neutral colors. A long-term investment in the character of a building, the standard colors shy away from any statement colors that will potentially reveal the age through their hue. Tan is not easily distinguishable from faded tan, but then also the fifth tan house on the right looks a lot like the sixth tan house on the right.

Right : New housing stock on Andrus Street , Hamtramck . Left : Crane Performance Siding standard color s. Including “bone,” “clay,” countr y beige,” and “wheat” among other s.

177


178

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Any customer can have a car painted any color he wants so long as it is black.â&#x20AC;? -Henr y Ford in his 1923 autobiography, Henr y Ford - My Life and Work .


179

Color Hierarchy: Cars

Operating between the permanence of a house and the impermanence of clothing, car companies unveil new hues each year, but the colors rarely change drastically. Only susceptible to the most prolific of color trends (like mid-90s turquoise), car colors have evolved since Henry Fordâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s decree, but still reside in the realm of safe saturation.

Right : 2008 Ford Car color s. Above: Impor ted car s awaiting transpor t at the Por t of Richmond, California.


180


181

Color Hierarchy: Pantone

Predicting color trends for each year, Pantone drives the color palette of clothing, home furnishings, and interior paint. Unabashedly bold, the yearly colors are able to be extremely trendy since the industry is dependent on them looking dated quickly.

Left : Fabric display in Sanjay Textiles, Karol Bagh, New Delhi, India. 3 Right : A select few of Pantoneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2010 Color s.


182

The De-Valuing of the City

The colors assigned to possessions typically based on cost, life-span, length of ownership, and resale value. As these factor increase, the colors assigned to the object typically decrease in saturation. In Detroit, the value relationships of objects are inverted based on the devaluing of the land such that houses are worth less and less every year.

What happens when a house is worth less than a car?


183

12066 Nagel Street, Hamtramck MI4

2002 Blue Buick LaSabre5

1800 s.f. Built in 1924 current sale price:

current sale price:

$8500

$8500


184

Inversion of the Hierarchy

Left to right : Two columns of siding color s, car color s, and Pantoneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 2010 color predictions. 6


185


186


187

By distilling each years color palette to one hue within a color range, a color can be assigned to each year. While these colors will face over time, the conglomeration of multiple shades will show a history of action. Since color trends are cyclical, historic color predictions can be used to estimate future trends and graphical represent potential outcomes.

Left to right : Pantoneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s color predictions from 2005, 2010, and 2011.


188


189

Site


190 Just north of the 1980s GM Hamtramck Assembly Plant, this neighborhood is isolated from other residential zones. The construction of the plant, on land acquired for GM through eminent domain practices, was very controversial. The density within the neighborhood decreases as you move south towards the GM Plant and further from the commercial activity of downtown Hamtramck. Still very much inhabited, this site provides a landscape where empty space is prolific and also highly visible.

Left to right : Aerial photographs of the area from 1961, 1983, and 1997. 7


191


Surface 192 The painted surfaces are not maintained such that the spectacle of a freshly painted surface is reserved for work done to prepare surfaces for graffiti.


193


Emptiness 194

While there are pockets of remaining houses, there are instances where multiple lots in a row are empty. The remaining structures are not insulated from the vast emptiness that isolates them from their neighbors. The spatial relations wihtin the neighborhood change when the density drops below half of what was originally planned. The remaining houses are oddly compact for their sites, yet rarely claim the surrounding spaces in any productive manner.

Below: Google streetview of Grayling Street, Hamtramck. 8 Right : Traced remaining structures based on 2009 aerial photo.


195


Color in the Existing Landscape 196

Below and right : Existing color additions to the neighborhood. The blue porch is of crude workmanship, but still represent s the time invested to paint a surface.


197


Indicators of Ownership 198

In a landscape of decreasing investment in the built environment, the indicators of ownership are temporary additions rather than long-term investments. Satellite dishes, tags on flat surfaces, astroturf-covered porches are the antithesis of broken windows, boarded up doors, charred roofs, and empty lots. The additions to the landscape are not conventional methods of indicating ownership, but are still indicators of activity.

Left : Satellite dishes line the balconies of Grayling Street . Right : Tagging on a trailer on Lumpkin Street .


199


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203

Interventions


204

Color infiltrates the landscape as a coating on infrastructure on a hand-painted house facade as a marker for things to be removed (fences) as boundaries for constructed wetlands as tags on planted saplings

to show investment and ownership of the built environment. What spatial affect does one painted surface have versus a proliferation of that hue throughout the landscape of a neighborhood? In a city of increasing emptiness, how can residents claim the empty spaces? When the land allocated for each house is doubled or even tripled, how does a neighborhood, that was planned with a high density, unfold? What are the potential productive uses for an abundance of emptiness?


1 5 10 205


1 5

Wind Field 206

Occupying vast stretches of open territory, wind turbines produce power at the micro-local level. The installation each year is tracked by a change in color coatings on the machinery itself. Infrastructure typically occupies the background colors to create the backdrop of cities. As Detroitâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s infrastructure begins to crumble, these turbines showcase a utilityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s investment in the fabric of the city.

Below: The fir st lone wind turbine. Right : The field populated after ten year s.

1


207

10


Sapling Farm 208

The lots that are cleared are not just missing houses, but also vegetation. Currently a mix of grass and mud, the lots could be used to grow saplings for use around the neighborhood. Formerly a denselyplanned community of thirty-foot lots, the emptiness here maintains the registration of the number of houses that previously stood. The saplings could be planted on lot lines to maintain these inscribed boundaries--highlighting the palimpsest of the site.

Below: Color -coded by year tree tags Right : The tree stand after five year s


209

5


Color Exchange 210

While not a culturally-acceptable form of ownership of place, graffiti is a part of the modern urban condition. To include these artists in the cultivation of a productive landscape, a program to exchange cans of spray paint for ones in the yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s specified shade of green would be started.

Left : Empty and rusting cans of spray paint . 1 Right : Superimposed materiality on a concrete retaining wall, Denton Street , Hamtramck .


211

1


House Painting 212

Overtaking the surfaces suitable for graffiti artists, homeowners and renters take control of their own houseâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s identity by painting the flat surfaces with the color of the year.

Below: The neighborhood populated with brightly painted facades Right : One example of a garage door painted.


1

213


Barrier Removal 214

Just as highways cut through and destroyed neighborhoods in Detroit in the mid-Twentieth century, the leftover fences create blockages in the neighborhood. By removing these barriers, isolated plots of land can be reclaimed by the inhabitants. New connections and visibility arise between the blocks to unify the remaining built structures.

Below: The removal of fences allows for public access to this lot . Right : Fence removal allows for resident s to transver se the block perpendicularly.

1


215

5


Constructed Wetland 216

Stretching the right-of-way into the zone of private ownership, problems with storm water runoff are lessened with the introduction of constructed wetlands.

Right : Fir st the sidewalk is taken over, then cattails star t growing, and eventually the wetland is populated by wildlife.

1


217

10


218

“There is prejudice against the literal superficiality of the application of color onto a surface. This is coupled with color’s physical instability, such that the ensuing and enduring solidity—both literal and metaphorical—of the volume. So the colored surface was—and is— perceived as a subordinate to the white body.” Matthias Sauerbruch and Louisa Hutton “On Colour and Space” (2006)

?


The Grotesque

219

Instead of considering the existing landscape the grotesque, these interventions propose that through their color-coding that they are in fact the grotesque. Operating under this assumption, a number of questions about the future of this landscape can be formulated: How does the landscape become productive through use of the grotesque?

?

How can the spectacle of color be combined with physical interventions that begin to absorb the vacancy?

How can grotesque interventions of saturation be translated into built form? What implications does saturation and surface treatment have on material, form, program, and interior space?


220 1. Paint sample image: http://tangledeye.

Aerial photo base files from bing.com

com/pages/plenty/paint_samples.html 2. Detroit skyline image: http:// www.connectmidmichigan.com/ uploadedImages/weyi/News/Stories/ Detroit%20skyline%20day.jpg 3. http://www.world-guides.com/images/ new_delhi/new_delhi_shopping_karol_ ba.jpg 4. http://www.realestateone.com/ homes/210010019-12066_Nagel_StHamtramck-MI-48212 5. http://www.web2carz. com/18138101/2002/buick/lesabre/usedcars/for-sale?w2caf=4ed10be9f0568766 6. Base image of parked cars: http://www. treehugger.com/cars%20lot.jpg 7. Historic maps: http://atdetroit. net/forum/messages/5/131891. html?1190901985 8. http://www.google.com/maps

All other images are authorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own.


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Déjà Vu Year One: Data Collecting

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227

Outer Shell

Microphone used for recording Projector

Outer shell/Screen

Structure Acoustical Ceiling

Video Camera

Bench


228


Year Five: See + Hear

229


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Year Ten: Experience + Archive

235


236

off


237

on


past

present


239


240

Urban Occupation : The Blob in Detroit


241

Phase I: Detection of vacant structures.

Phase II: Blob the structure.

Phase III: Parasitic public activity formulates on blobbed structure.

Phase IV: Parasitic form manifests itself as an independent entity in the city.


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Urban Occupation : Phase I


245

The Blob as a Broadcaster In the first phase, vacant buildings are identified and â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;blobbedâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; via shrinkwrapping. This highlights various structures across the city and highlights its neglect or alternatively potential. By sealing the building, the blob preserves its state and asks the city to evaluate and either demolish it or re-occupy it.


246

Shrink wrapping a building.


Tools

Shrink Wrap Gun

247

Shrink Wrap Cutter

Shrink Wrap Tape

Shrink Wrap Film

Shrink Wrap Doors


248


48 Vacant Buildings in Downtown Detroit Former MGM Casino Bagley Service Centre Loyal Order of Moose Lodge Grand Army of the Republic Building Detroit Free Press Building United Artist Building Detroit Life Building Blenheim Building 2110 Park 2030 Park Detroit Park Avenue Building AAA Michigan David Whitney Building 1515 Woodward 1505 Woodward 1459 Woodward 1413 Woodward 1414 Woodward 1415 Woodward Elliot Building Krege Building 1200 Woodward Block 62 State Street 1120 Griswold 30 Clifford

124 Grand River Farwell Building Book Building Lafayette Building 1133 Griswold Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Bank Building 735 Griswold Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago 501 Woodward Layne Bryant Arts League of Michigan 1500 Woodward 1412 Woodward 1420 Woodward Metropolitan Building 1301 Broadway Dell Pryor Galleries Wurlitzer Building 1214 Randolph National Theater 139 Cadillac Square 600 Woodward Ford Auditorium

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Urban Occupation : The Farwell Building 253


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256

Urban Occupation : Phase II


257

The Blob Transmutated In this phase, the blobbed buildings get identified and are either torn down according to their building status or are introduced with various public programs that latch onto the buildings as temporary occupations.


258

18 Vacant Buildings in Downtown Detroit


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Urban Occupation : Phase III


265

The Blob - Forever The Blob manifests itself as a permanent presence in the city, in the form of a pavilion, carrying with it the various public functions...


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ONEFIVETEN REROOTING DETROIT

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272


1 YEAR

HEALTH

The french settlers originally settled, what was soon to be â&#x20AC;&#x153;black-bottom,â&#x20AC;? Detroit for its rich, dark soil. Taking advantage of the areas nutritious soil, the settlers used a ribbon farm technique. This style of farming allowed them to reach from the great lakes to nearly 3 miles inland, creating ribbons of produce. The Dequindre Cut is a 1.5 mile trail, 25 feet below grade. It starts at the waterfront and reaches inland to the Detroit market. By planting ,as the french settlers did, through the cut, a commercialsized farm sits in the center of Detroit. Not only will the cut encourage exercise, this productive spectacle of growth will now provide healthy food to the local community.

273


274

ONION CANTALOUPE NASTURTIUM

PEACHES BORAGE TOMATOE

SUNFLOWE SWEET COR STRAWBER

APRIL MAY JUNE


ER RN RRY

275

CHERRY PUMPKIN CLOVER

PLUM CAULIFLOWER CHIVES

NE JULY AUGUST


276

CANTALOUP ONION

PROGRAM


PE

277

NASTURTIUM


278


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280


5 YEAR

EDUCATE

Due to many of the social issues surrounding its history, Detroit is a melting pot of ethnic locales. These areas, in and around Detroit, have their own cultures, including the goods they farm and consume. By using the abandoned warehouses, that surround the Dequindre Cut, as infrastructure and turning them into conservatories, manufactured environments of these specific ethnic locales in Detroit can be created to house the goods farmed in their respective climates. This will be used to educated the community on the many environments and techniques used for farming around the world.

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10 YEAR

GROWTH

Although the start of this proposal addressed the local community, the 10 year plan is ready to expand. Combining with the Detroit market, the commercial-sized urban farm, sitting in the middle of Detroit, becomes a destination for consumers seeking fresh and unique produce. While remaining an educational tool, the conservatories become specialized producers of goods. This will not only contribute to the many ethnic groups around Detroit, the conservatories will draw many consumers outside the direct community seeking the unique goods. In 10 years, Detroit will began to feel the economic boost provided by this proposal.

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participate and enjoy you are the hitchhiker in detroit


289

Hitchhiker â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Cities A new way of urban planning Kahyun Lee


290

1 year

Exploring the Detroit Public School Supply building in Detroit 1


291

Detroit Vacancy On the preponderance of vacancies in the CBD: â&#x20AC;&#x153;While there is no official ledger of empty buildings, The Detroit News identified 48 major structures with no outward signs of life in the Central Business District, which covers about 127 blocks. Others have one or two remaining tenants.â&#x20AC;?2


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Hamtramck master plan collaborative map 3


294

100 abandoned houses 4


295

When Kevin Bauman began photographing Detroitâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s derelict houses in the late â&#x20AC;&#x2122;90s, his intention was to create a record of the homes before they were torn down to make way for new development. A decade later, most of the structures are still standing, as development in Detroit never reached a fever pitch.5


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2011

2012


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2013

2014

Accumulations of information


298

THE

i

HITCHHIKeR’S GUIDe TO THE

cit es


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5 year explore Detroit

and

share the information

you are the hitchhiker in detroit


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Collecting information


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Sending information

Images from Exploring the Detroit Public School Supply building in Detroit 7-22-07 6


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HITCHHIKeR urban HITCHHIKeRs exploring the detroit Exploring the Detroit Public School Supply building in Detroit 7-22-2015 TMLeafs3113


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s t eiln m u n o s g m in d y u t b t p n em roitâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s vaca explore Det rmation

share the in

fo


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Sharing and exchanging information


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Image from Hamtramck master plan 7


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Uncapping the abandoned houses


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An abandoned house on McClellan St. in Detroit, Michiganâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s east side on Wednesday, July 15, 2009. There are around 40,000 vacant or abandoned homes and buildings all over the city of Detroit.


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The abandoned house will be wrapped in an elastic, translucent white membrane.


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Udjustable posts will be arranged through the abandoned houses randomely for supporting structure


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Feedback from people

HIT

CH

e HIK

fe

Rs

b ed h It

ac

ink

k

d

ig es

ni

s


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abandoned house

frame

jack post s


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canvas

planting

lighting


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Participate


10 year Enjoy

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Designs for the empty spaces


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Guidelines

CUBE

proposal_detroit

Design

Sending proposals


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design proposal


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selection


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Click here to get advises from

professionals

Vote for your cities 2020

guide to the cities


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cubes 2020

click for comments

guide to the cities

click for comments

guide to the cities

arthur

click for comments

guide to the cities

click for comments

guide to the cities

click for comments

guide to the cities

click for comments

guide to the cities


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Small obejcts reflecting peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s opinions at that moment will be dispersed through urban space. Each designs will be different.


328 1. TMLeafs3113. “Exploring the Detroit

Public School Supply building in Detroit

Public School Supply building in Detroit

7-22-07.” 7 Jan. 2008. Youtube. <http://

7-22-07.” 7 Jan. 2008. Youtube. <http://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=o-JYFLz-_

www.youtube.com/watch?v=o-JYFLz-_

Qc>.

Qc>. 2. Jason King. “Detroit Vacancy.” landscape

7. Interface studio. “Hamtramck master plan.” <http://interface-studio.com/

+ urbanism. 17 Aug. 2009. <http://

currently/city-of-hamtramck-master-

landscapeandurbanism.blogspot.

plan/>.

com/2009/08/detroit-vacancy.html>. 3. Interface studio. “Hamtramck master plan.” <http://interface-studio.com/ currently/city-of-hamtramck-masterplan/>. 4. Bauman. “100 abandoned houses.” <http://www.100abandonedhouses. com/>. 5. Samantha Storey. “A Forgotten Detroit Remembered.” The New York Times. 8 July. 2009. <http://www.nytimes. com/2009/07/09/garden/09online.html?_ r=3&ref=garden>. 6. TMLeafs3113. “Exploring the Detroit


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10


Michigan has long been a state of natural abundance: from fur-bearing animals to timber and Copper. Detroit today is a city that is reminenscent of the Fur-Trade Era in Michigan, with sightings of pheasants and the sale of Raccoon meat. The cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most abundant resource however, is the Abandoned house. With nearly 31,000 abandoned residential structures and an underemployment rates around 45%, Detroit has an abundant readily-available resource with a local workforce ready to take advantage. Detroit residents have already scrapped many of these buildings for copper wire and fixtures that may draw higher resell values than other items, however working systematically Detroit can mine these buildings for their full scrap value then demolish the leftover structures and where buildings should be saved refurbish them to a sellable state. This proposal considers the near and distant future of this underdog city.

DetroitAbundant

orFlipThisCity

YEAR

YEAR

YEAR

1 5


VacantCondition Vacancy is widespread, with approx. 91,000 vacant residential lots and about 31,000 empty residential For those willing to risk breaking-and-entering charges a small market exists for scrappers,

structures. Demolition of a single site can cost the city $10,000. This is why they sit untouched for years.

however even that is waning. A decision must be made about what to do with these vacancies. The decision to scrap and tear down or refurbish must be made on a case by case basis with heavy consideration of the shrinking city.


While the suburban commuter sees an apparent ghost town from the expressways, these tens of thousands of vacanct buildings have produce a viable niche for the inner-city scavengers. Those who live in this invisible world and rely on this niche are generally homeless men who have stripped these ruins of any valuable scrap metal: they call themselves Scrappers. they have reaped and scavenged throughout the 140 square mile city. They earn just enough to survive, but not enough to escape their Sisyphean routine. There are easily hundreds of cart-pulling scrappers in the city. In most cases, it is not the solitary homeless scavenger who risk a breaking and entering charge; rather, it is organized groups with vehicles for quick getaways. The Scrappers however are running out of old buildings to mine. The niche once flourishing and new now seems to be disappearing. Many of them doubt that the city can ever be resurected.

Scrap


Choosing to demolish the vacant homes in poor condition is far too costly to the city and only partially solves one of the many problems in Detroit. These abandoned structures cannot sit in limbo any longer; they invite crime and vermin as well as serve as daily reminders of a city wide negligence. Renovating a building in good condition can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars and only after the renovation is complete can one know whether the development is a success. This make developers and investors very hesitant to do anything in Detroit, even the most altruistic person has a hard time seeing how to invest in Detroit. And so these lots just sit in limbo. A DECISION MUST BE MADE. These buildings have only two options RENOVATE OR DEMOLISH! Unfortunately there is no money for either option. This proposal applies the slow option. years 0

5

10

RENOVATION

Renovation could take 10 years. Demolition could take even longer. In that time we can leverage the gritty city into a homegrown urban and argricultural locus.

DEMOLITION


30%

31,000

IN POOR CONDITION

ABANDONED RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES

COST TO DEMOLISH

x $6,000 - $15,000 COST PER DEMOLITION

55 - 140 MILLION DOLLARS


The trailer is specially designed to provide shelter, a portable workshop and if neccesary an alternative entrance into a house. A meeting place for decisions is provided. The trailer is angled in the back which makes it easy to put the trailer flush against most structures even in tight spaces. The trailer can be swiveled quickly between houses without additional aid from a car or truck. It is in this little trailer that the fate of 30,000 houses are decided. Armed with vacancy and owmership listings, maps and opinions a urban scale vision can emerge one by one. A single choice made thousands of times through the city will have ramifications that will reshape the city.


RepossesionCrew The repoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; crew made up of local residents and skilled labor will move from building to building deciding its fate, then setting the decision into motion. Intially, however the crew collects whatever the scrappers didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t get or found too costly yet still has some value. The decision is now made to renovate or demolish.


8

10

Strip It & Flip It

(renovation option)

The temporary retail would attract other potential users and an engaged community may become stewards of the building. The building still not fully renovated will have already become a locus of the community.

The kudzu is a highly destructive plant and can tear down a structure such as a wood-frame house in less than a decade.

A scheduled renovation would be worked out so as to provide utilities with established activities.

The urban farm looks different from utopian visions like Hantze farms when you acknowledge the exisiting conditions.i

8

10

Scrap It & Wrap It

(demolition option)


0

1

3

The abandoned building is identified. A cost analysis of neccessary repairs and potential community benefit report is made explicit.

The abandoned building is identified. A cost analysis of neccessary repairs and potential community benefit report is made explicit.

A local resident group goes through the house deemed structural sound and makes neccesary improvements, removing easily stolen items preparing parts of the house for reuse.

A local resident group having stripped the house of items of value plants kudzu inside the building and wraps the building in a translucent geotextile.

While the buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s heat and water are unavailable, parts of the house particularly the street fascade can be enlivened with temporary retail, possibly a weekly farmerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s stand.

During the summer months the kudzu may find its way through gaps in the wrapped geotextile. The violet flowering legume stretching through a wrapped mass would make an interesting addition to inner-city Detroit.

0

1

3


year 2-5

Strip it & Flip it | Once renovations are completed small retail operations can use the fascade or part of the first floor. This will be once-a-week retail at first, grocery or hardware will be encouraged. Entrepeneurs can build a client base without too much monetary investment.


year 1

Strip it & Flip it | In the first year a house deemed viable will be stripped of any scrappable materials and renovated to a respectable state level. Appearances are important here so the exterior is sand blasted, painted, remortared, whatever it needs. The interior simply needs to be clean and safe.


year 10 House Refrubish year 8

Strip it & Flip it | If the new community locus attracts developers there will be a construction period during the buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s utilities will be properly installed.


year 6-9

House Refrubish year 5 Strip it & Flip it | Still off the grid the buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s program has become more adventurous as the community and other see the potential. Oncea-week businesses may give way to more permanent occupants. As interest builds more of the building can be opened up for use.


year 3 House kudzu year 2

Scrap it & Wrap it | During the warmer months the kudzuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s growth may spread to outside the geotextile wrapping. The strange wrapped building with kudzu peaking through is no longer a neglected but an occuppied sight under demolition. The buildings will also provide an iconic image of Detroitâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s active renewal versus shocking signs of ruin.


year 1

House kudzu year 0 Scrap it & Wrap it | In the first year a house deemed insoluble will be scrapped of any scrappable materials and the interior planted with kudzu. A geotextile is then wrapped around the exterior. From this moment on the house is considered a demolition site. The geo textile insulates the building creating a microclimate more suitable for kudzu.


30˚

45˚

UNDER DEMOLITION

MICROCLIMATE

WRAPPED

UnderDemolition Kudzu is “The Plant that Ate the South.” The Kudzu

is a highly invasive plant that has run rampant in parts of the country with an appropriate climate. Buildings and cars are entirely covered in weeks by this plant that can grow a foot a day. The tuberous roots can extend 3-9ft deep. However this growth only occurs in places where winters are mild and water is abundant. Michigan is abundant in precipitation but its winters are far too harsh for kudzu to survive unprotected. Here in lies the secret to using Kudzu in Detroit. By wrapping an abandoned home with a thick geotextile fabric the building’s interior can be insulated somewhat from the cold winters. By creating this microclimate within the building Detroit can use kudzu’s speed and destructiveness Detroit can demolish its worst abandoned buildings. Any kudzu that escapes from the microclimate during the winter will be killed off by Detroit’s winter.


Flowering Kudzu


Detroit is a Food Desert... Well parts of it. Not enough markets bring affordable and healthy food to the poorest neighborhoods in Detroit. Some residents have resorted to feeding on the wildlife that has returned to Kudzu is a legume and as such has several beneficial

heavily abandoned neighborhoods.

properties that can help Detroit change from a “food desert” to an “agri-city”. Legumes, like kudzu, are Nitrogen-fixing. This is beneficial because most crops including tomatos and corn thrive in nitrogen rich soils. In this way the kudzu’s summer growth may Kudzu is also an excellent forage material for animals

work to improve the salty Detroit soil.

such as goats and cows. With Kudzu growth it provides an excellent and cheap food source for livestock and a new job title “city shephard.” Detroit’s food drought can be help a third way. Kudzu tastes like chard and like chard is nutrient rich. The Soy-based plant provides some essential nutrients and would be a welcome addition to the present innercity diet.


year 4-10

Scrap it & Wrap it | The other two measures involve foraging livestock such as goats and cows being used to eat the kudzu that does spill out of the wrapping. This measure also begins to address Detroitâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s food desert concerns. And lastly a polyethylene fence will be erected to keep both the animals in and the kudzu which cannot grab onto the plastic.


year 4

Scrap it & Wrap it | To protect against the kudzu growing out of control the design uses four measures to keep the kudzu in the building. The geotextile is the most apparent. Most importantly though kudzu cannot survive the Michigan winters so if any does escape to confines of the building it will not last long.


1 slow demolition slow renovation

3-5 Repo crews are assembled. Neighborhoods are designated as viable or insoluble. Infrastructure, local density, community amenities and local trends drive decision- making A Repo crew can set a building under demolition in 2 weeks. Renovation

5 10

YEAR 1

YEAR 5

CITYWIDE: 400-600 under demolition 200-250 under renovation

10-20 Repo crews have nearly all the insoluble buildings have been set to demolition. Demolition sights begin to agreggate in order to share resources. A few renovations have gained momentum and have investors. Demolition sites have become foraging grounds for domestic goats and cows.

CITYWIDE:

50-100 under demolition 20-25 under renovation

Legend

CITYWIDE: ~1000 under demolition ~400 under renovation

% housing v

YEAR 10 2-3 Repo crews continue to operate Demolition sites are begining to collapse. Popular renovation sites are reintegrated into the electricity and water.


Through looking at vacancies and choosing in which ones we should redouble our efforts and which ones we should try something new will do more than shrink the city. A density increase in parts of the city and in other areas decreased though not depopulated entirely.

Legend % housing vacant units VARIABLE1 0.000000 - 3.000000

Legend 3.000001 - 5.000000 5.000001 - 10.000000

% housing vacant units 10.000001 - 15.000000 1.5

3

5.000001 - 10.000000

3.000001 - 5.000000

Miles 0.000000 -9 3.000000 6 12

VARIABLE1 15.000001 - 100.000000

0

1.5

3

6

9

M 12

15.000001 - 100.000000

10.000001 - 15.000000

ANewDensity 0


DeepArchitecture


In the spirit of the the ingenuity of Michigan’s Early Economies of trade and resource cultivation. Two proposals for 2030. The first a simple downward shift. The earth’s surface temperature drastically changes season to season and building residential homes a few feet deeper will save on energy costs dramatically. The trappers and lumberjacks of early michigan raised the earth around their temporary structures to

rebuild here

COMPOSTED HOME

fortify themselve against the harsh Michigan winters and we can use this same strategy to reintegrated a sense of building INTO THE EARTH.

30˚ 45˚

When Detroit needs new housing again the remnants of the slow demolition can provide a bunker against the prevailing winds. Low, flat earthen roofs will gather snow and provide a thermal comfort for future Detroit has identity. The remaining residents and structures are not lacking in character. There

residents.

is no tabula rasa here. The abandoned house is the site condition and must be dealt with before any other grand improvements.


360


361

detroit water system the 1-5-10 plan


362

Currently, the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department pumps an average of 675 million gallons per day to more than four million people in 126 communities within its service area. With 5 water treatment facilities, thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s an average of 800,000 people served by each facility.


Tuscola

Montcalm

Sanilac

lake huron

Gratiot

Genesee Ionia

Lapeer

St. Clair

Clinton

Oakland Barry

Eaton

Livingston

Ingham

Macomb

detroit Washtenaw

DWSD water treatment facility communities supplied by DWSD Calhoun Jackson

Wayne

city of detroit

Branch

Hillsdale

lake st. clair

Lenawee

canada

Monroe

lake erie


364

lake huron Genesee St. Clair

Lapeer

Oakland

Macomb

detroit Wayne

lake st. clair

canada

Monroe

lake erie

... yet the service area barely creeps as far west as Washentenaw County, and leaves large gaps north of Maccomb, south of the Lake Huron intake.


365

How could our water system adapt to meet the needs of an increasingly decentralized society?

How could our water system adapt to meet the needs of an increasingly decentralized society? How can we improve Detroitâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s water quality? How can we reduce the amount of chemicals present in our drinking supply?


366


367

the water system: 1_5_10 1 year

5 years

10 years

Incorporate PEX tubing into existing water

Eliminate centralized water treatment facili-

Land previously dedicated to water treatment

mains [as opposed to replacing with new

ties from the water distribution entirely.

facilities and corresponding zoning requirements is revitalized and integrated into

mains or retrofitting with polyethylene [PE] liners.

The microstation takes on a module-like

landscape.

existence and can be repeated to expand the Reduce chemical treatment of water and

existing water system further north to in-

As a valuable commodity once occupied

increase filtration by integrating micro filtra-

crease pipeline connections with Lake Huron

primarily by industry and infrastructure, the

tion stations into existing water system.

and Lake St. Clair intakes to achieve fresher

Detroit shoreline space becomes public.

water, as well as further west to reach more communities.


368

1 year

In order to implement a new water

tubing allows for a less complicated and

filtration systems will replace the current

infrastructure without causing a massive

invasive installation process while increasing

chemical treatment phase in our water

system overhaul, this plan is intended to

water transmission options: What was once

system, thus also eliminating the need to

first integrate the proposed new parts into

one main can now branch off into many lines,

store vast quantities of water as it is treated

the existing water infrastructure before

and similarly, treated and untreated water

more efficiently as it is in route through

expanding beyond the current systemâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

may be routed through the same main due to

the system. Using only a minimal amount

bounds.

the separation provided by PEX tubing.

of iodine in third stage, the new filtration

Microstations featuring water filtration

process would result in the elimination

systems are installed throughout the water

of potassium permanganate, chlorine,

supply system to reduce dependence on

orthophosphate, and fluoride from our water

chemical water treatments. These four step

supply.

In one year PEX tubing is incorporated into existing water mains [as opposed to replacing with new mains or retrofitting with polyethylene liners]. The flexibility of PEX


369

water treatment facility lake huron, northeast, waterworks, springwells, southwest

screen

chlorine

pre-sedimentation

additions of secondary disinfectant chloramines = chorline + ammonia

coagulant

mixing

sedimentation filtration

source Lake Huron Lake St. Calir Detroit River

fluoride lime orthophosphate chlorine

service line primary disinfection

storage resevoirs

existing water distribution system

transmission main


370

proposed water distribution system multiple screens to filter out natural debris

microstation

4 part filtration system

transmission main

source Lake Huron Lake St. Calir Detroit River

granulated active carbon chamber iodine bead chamber polyester filter textile pre-filter


371

service line


service line


pex feeds into manifold system


374

polyester filter textile pre-filter

granulated active carbon chamber iodine bead chamber

textile pre-filter

iodine bead chamber

The tiny openings in the mesh of the filter measure 100 microns in di-

The beads in this chamber are impregnated [saturated] with iodine.

ameter [about the diameter of a strand of hair]. This filters out bigger

The iodine kills parasites and 99.3% of bacteria and viruses.

particles like dirt and sediment. polyester filter

granualted active carbon chamber

The holes in the mesh of this filter are much smaller - only 15 mi-

The carbon filters out any remaining parasites and also improves the

crons. This filters out clusters of bacteria.

taste and smell of the water.


375


376


377

5 years

Eliminate centralized water treatment facili-

the water supply is always moving - from the

ties and replace with micro filtration stations

moment of intake to the time it reaches the

occurring frequently throughout the system.

faucet.

These micro filtration stations are signifi-

The increased frequency of the micro filtra-

cantly smaller as they are not required to

tion stations also enables easy system repairs

retain vast quantities of water for chemical

[more manageable station disabling and line

treatment, but rather filter water as it is mov-

re-routing], as well as higher water pressure

ing through the system. In this new system

to inland locations.


Ingham

Livingston

Macomb

detroit

lake lake st. clair huron

NE = Northeast

existing DWSD water system [left] WW = Waterworks SPW = Springwells proposed DWSD water system [right]

Washtenaw

Lake Huron Jackson

Genesee

Wayne

Lapeer

St. Clair

Southwest

canada Lake Huron

Hillsdale

watertreatment treatment plant water plant transmission mains transmission mains pumpstation stations pump resevoir resevoir country county boundary boundary proposed microstation

Monroe

lake erie

Oakland Livingston

Macomb Northeast

detroit

lake st. clair

Waterworks

WW = Waterworks SPW = SpringwellsSpringwells

Washtenaw Wayne

NE = Northeast

Southwest

Southwest

canada

Monroe

lake erie

water treatment plant transmission mains pump station resevoir country boundary


lake huron

Gratiot

Genesee

Lapeer

St. Clair

Clinton

Oakland Eaton

Ingham

Livingston

Macomb

detroit

lake st. clair

Washtenaw Jackson

Hillsdale

Wayne

Lenawee

canada

Monroe

lake erie


380


381

10 years

Land previously dedicated to water treatment

Potential for existing infrastructure to be re ap-

facilities and corresponding zoning require-

propriated.

ments is revitalized and integrated into landscape. Shoreline that was once occupied almost exclusively by industry and infrastructure is now public and accessible.


382


383

water works park 10100 E. Jefferson Avenue, Detroit

15

00

’ 12 00

left

50 10

55

0’

facility

00

29

erasure of all but the original water works

right site dimensions and zonal set backs in

50

0’

24

00

relation to central treatment facility

85

80

0’

0’


386

one. five. ten.


387


388

Mack Avenue, Detroit at the beginning of the 20th century the

and a method of manufacturing that steadily

manufacture and decreased its cost. Ford did

automobile was a paly thing for the rich. Most

reduced the cost of the Model T. Instead of

not conceive the concept, he perfected it. Prior

models were coplicated machines that required

pocketing the profits; Ford Motor sold more

to the introduction of the assembly line, cars

a chauffer conversant with its individual

cars ad steadily increased his earnings --

were indivicually crafted by teams of sckilled

machanical nuances to drive it. Henry Ford

transforming the automobile froma luxury toy

workmen -- a slot and expensive proceedure.

was determined to build a simple, reliable,

to a mainstay of American society. The Model

The assembly line reveresed the process of

and affordable car; a car the average American

T made is debut in 1908 with a purchase price

automobile manufacture. Instead of workers

worker could afford. out of this determination

of $825.00. Over ten thousand were sold in

going to the car, the car came to the worker

came to Model t and the assembly line -- two

its first year, establishing a new record. Four

who performed the same task of assembly

innovations

American

years later the price dropped to $575.00 and

over and over again. With the introduction and

society and molded the world we line intody.

sales soared. By 1914, Ford could claim a 48

perfection of the process, Ford was able to

Henry Ford did not inven the car; he produced

percent share of the automobile market.

reduce the assembly time of the Model T from

that

revolutionized

an automobile that was witin the economic

twelve hours to less then six hours.1

reach of the average American. While other

Central to Forâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s abaility to produce an

manufacturers were content to target a market

affordable car was the development of the

of the well-to-do, Ford developed a design

assembly line that increased the efficiency of


389

ford motor co. Above from Right to Left : 2. The assembly line at Ford Motor Company in Detroit , MI (1952) 3. Ford Motor Company in Detroit , MI (1935)


390

â&#x20AC;&#x153;By 1914, Ford could claim a 48 percent share on the automobile market in the United States.â&#x20AC;?1

Right : 4. View of the Ford Motor Company in Detroit , MI.


391

ford motor co.


392


393

one. five. ten.


394

Above from Right to Left : 5. View of Lake St . Claire dur ing the winter, from Canada


395

St. Claire River international boundary between Canada and the United States most of the shoreline is urbanized and heavily industrialized listed as an area of condern in the Great Lakes Region

LAKE ST. CLAIRE smallest lake in the Great Lakes Region connecs Lake Huron and Lake Erie average depth is 9m, constant dredgin is required extensive delta system, largest in the region accomodates international shipping a popular recreational area

The Detroit River industrial development on the river commerical waterway, urbanized area

Left : View of Detroit River Flickr.com User : Mr. Histor y_July 27, 2005


396


397

Area of Concern The Detroit River is a 32 mile long strait in

and the Erie Canal. Therefore, when Detroit

rapid industrial growth has found its way into

the Great Lakes System. The Detroit River

experienced rapid industrializaion at the

the river. Much of the Detroit River and its

has served an important role in the hisotry

turn of the twentieth-century, the Detroit

shoreline were heavily polluted and unsafe

of Michigan and more spcifically, Detroit. As

River became notoriously polluted and toxic.

for recreational use. Large quantities of the

one of the busiest waterways in the world, the

In recent years, however, the ecological

pollution collected aound the mouth of the

Detroit River has been a location of commerce

importance of the rver has warranted a vast

Detoirt River at Lake Erie. The pllutants were

for industrializaion in the area. The river

restoration effort, and the Detroit River

so high after the spring thaw that thousands

travels south from Lake erie, and the entire

currently has a wide variety of economical and

of migrating birds were killed by oil slicks and

river carries the international border between

recreational uses.

contaminated water every year. Oxygen levels

Canada and the united States, thus, the river

in the river were depleted to the point where

divides the major metropolitan areas of

The land surrounding the Detroit River

fish were unable to inhabit its whaters. Much of

Detroit, MI and Windsor, Onterio.

is urbanized and, in some areas, heavily

this pollution drained into the Lake Erie Basin,

industrialized. This has resulted in excessive

the lake was donsidered deak and unable to

The river serves as an important transportation

water pollution from the unregulated dmping

support aquatic life.

route connecting Lake Michigan, Lake Huron,

of chemicals and industrial waste for many

and Lake Superior to the St. Lawrence Seaway

decades. Much of the waste from Detroits

Left : 6. View of the Detroit River.


398


399

â&#x20AC;&#x153;...23 percent of Great Lakes beaches were closed for at least a day, and 14 percent were closed for more then nine days to prevent the spreach of waterborne disease. Bacterial and viral pathogens have been introducted into the Great Lakes from overflowing sewage plants and runoff from our yards, streets, farms.â&#x20AC;?7 Left : 7. View of the Detroit River.


1South > North 400

Gross Pointes

Reversing the Detroit River The Ford Motor Company is considered a major point source of pollution for the Detroit River and Lake Erie Basin, causing contamination within these bodies of water; affecting the natural and local inhabitats. Due to the North to South circulation of the Detroit River the bodies of water south of the Ford Motor Co. are the most heavily affected by industrial waterwaste.

Consequently,

the

shoreline

of these polluted waters is also affected, environmentally, economically, and socially. This has caused a distint division between the residents of Detroit and adjacent residential communities. Therefore, this 1 year proposal is to reverse the flow of the Detroit River, as to change the location of the contaminated bodies of water, from the Lake Erie Basin to the shoreline of the Gross Points in Lake St. Claire.

Lake Erie Basin


Gross Pointes

Lake Erie Basin

401


402

90


403

one. five. ten.


404

ed Unit

nB adia n a es/C Stat

r orde


“the most conspicous city-suburban contrast in the United States...”8 405

The Detroit Wall? Alter Road is a North to Sough thoroughfare

late 1960s there was little visible difference

of approximately four miles in length in

between Alter Road and the streets immediately

southeastern part of Michigan’s Wayne County.

west of it inside the Detroit city limits, as

Although Alter Road itself is completely within

compared with the streets immediately east of

the Detroit City limits, it is a symbolic dividing

it inside the Grosse Pointe Park city limits. The

line between the overwhelmingly African-

southeastern corner of Detroit was primarily

American city of Detroit and the likewise

Caucasian at the time (as was Detroit as a

overwhelmingly Caucasian city of Grosse

whole) and did not suffer the urban decay that

Pointe Park. Like 8 Mile Road, another well-

plagues most of Detroit today.

known thoroughfare of political, ethnic, and economic demarcation in Metro Detroit, Alter

The four-mile stretch of Alter Road provies

Road has long been considered something

some contrasts of its own. At its Southern-

of a ‘Berlin Wall’ to seperate communities. In

most, below Jefferson Ave., are generally well-

fact, there are two places at which concrete

kept dwellings and the pleasant Mariner Park,

barriers have actually been erected so as to

situated near the shoreline. North of Jefferson

reduce interaction between the two cities.

Ave. alter Road is quite blighted - as is much of Detroit, however, Alter Road’s Northermost

The City of Grosse Pointe Park has made some

blocks exhibit derelict residential plots and

of its intersecting North-South side streets

older homes awaiting demolision.

inaccessible to vehicles, so as to reduce the potential for criminal activity. Up unitl the


406

Alter Road + Mack Avenue

1960 Above: 9. Point of Inter section - the divide between Detroit and the Grosse Point s, The Detroit Wall...

Above: Diagram of the Grow th of the Grosse Pointes.


407

1980

â&#x20AC;&#x153;there are two places at which concrete barriers have actually been erected as to reduce the interaction between the two cities.â&#x20AC;?

2000


408

5 Perpendicular Water Merging the Grosse Pointes and Detroit Due to the reversal of the Detroit River as suggested in the first year proposal, Lake St. Claire will ultimately become heavily polluted, because of the South to North flow of the river. Therefore, the water in Lake St. Claire will becoming toxic, limiting the usage of the lake. Consequently, the residents in the Grosse Pointes will no longer be able to use

90

the Lake water for recreational purposes; such as boating, fishing, swimming, etc. Therefore, a series of canals will be implemented perpendicular to Alter Road. These canals will

be approximately 4 - 6 miles in lenth,

connecting the Grosse Pointes with the city of Detroit. Thus, bringing the residents of the Grosse Pointes into the city, and fundamentaly blurring

the

communities.

segregation

between

the

90 90


+ Canal 1

409

Mack Avenue

+ Canal 2

Kercheval Street

+ Canal 3

E. Jefferson Avenue

Left : Diagram of the three canals situated perpendicular to Alter Road. Right : Satelitte images of the location of the three canals.

90


90

Nottingham Street

Barham Street

Maryland Street

3 Mile Drive Bedford Road

Devonshire Road Buckingham Road Birkshire Road Balfour Street

Nottingham Street Barham Street

Grand Marias Street

3 Mile Drive Bedford Road

Devonshire Road Buckingham Road Birkshire Road Balfour Street

Westchester Street

Nottingham Street

Algonquin Street

Kitchner Street

Continental Street

Dickerson Street

Coplin Street

Lakewod Street

Eastlawn Street

Chalmers Street

Malborough Street

Phillip Street

Manistique Street

Alter Road

Barrington Road

Penberton Road

Lakepointe Street

Beaconsfield Street

Barham Street

90

Beaconsfield Street

Canal 2/Kercheval St. [5.5 mi]

Lakepointe Street

Maryland Street

Wayburn Street

Eastlawn Street

Chalmers Street

Alter Road

90

Canal 1/Mack Ave. [4.2 mi]

Wayburn Street

Alter Road

Chalmers Street

Coplin Street Lakeview Street

Coplin Street

Drexel Street

Lenox Street

Dickerson Street

Grey Street

Springle Street

Anderton Street Conner Street

Navahoe Street Conner Street

Canal 3/E. Jefferson Ave. [6.2 mi]

Drexel Street

Lenox Street

Dickerson Street

Grey Street

Springle Street

Anderton Street Conner Street

410


Outer Drive E.

Cadieux Road

Bluehill Street

Grosse Pointe Ct

Lakeland Drive

411

McMillan Road

Fischer Road

Lincoln Road

Washington Road

Lakeland Avenue

Grosse Pointe Ct

St. Claire Street

Cadieux Road Harvard Road

Outer Drive E.

Grosse Pointe Farm

Lakeland Drive

Lakeside Court

Sycamore Lane

Lake Court Jefferson Court

Bishop Lane

Edgemont Park

Park Lane

Wittiar Street


412


413

one. five. ten.


414

10Destination Pointes

Bringing the Residents of the Grosse Pointes to Detroit With the implementation of the Canals as proposed in the five-year plan, there are voids along these waterways that allow for points of intervention. These destination points will be situationed along the stretch of man-made water and will be on the west-side of Alter Road. 90

These areas will not only serve to pull in the residents of the Grosse Pointes into the city, but also as a site for amalgamation between the residents of Detroit and the residents of the Grosse Pointes.

90 90


02


Speculating what will emerge at the intersection of the canal system 415 with the streets. Does it have intention? Or is arbitratry, unsystematic?

Points of Intervention: Canal 1/Mack Avenue Conner Street Alter Road

Canal 2/Kercheval Street Conner Street Anderton Street Springle Street Grey Street Dickson Street Lakeview Street

Canal 3/E. Jefferson Avenue Conner Street Anderton StreetNavahoe Street Kichner Street Coplin Street Lakewood Street


The Grotesque is a research book assembled by students in the M.Arch graduate option architecture studio at the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning under the direction of studio critic Christian Unverzagt in the Winter of 2010. The work is produced as an academic inquiry into issues of energy and ecology as they relate to the built environment in and around Detroit, Michigan and the Great Lakes Region. The students have attempted to cite sources whenever possible and make no claim of ownership to the visual imagery or statistical data used. The proposals on the other hand, are all theirs. thegrotesque@umich.edu

2010 Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning taubmancollege.umich.edu/architecture

TheGrotesque - volume 2  

The Grotesque is a research book assembled by students in the M.Arch graduate option architecture studio at the Taubman College of Architect...

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