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Football The Martial Artist Way

Master Thomas Gordon The Ultimate Guide Appropriate Relations in the Dojang

The 4 P’s of


Plus Cool New Photos Amazing Breaks Unbelievable Kicks

Experience an organization created by the members that works for the members Practicing the Chon-Ji Patterns as taught by General Choi Hong Hi Founder of Taekwon-Do The ICTF is proud to host the “ICTF Taekwon-Do World Cup 2011”, to be held on Saturday, October 15th, 2011 at Vellore Village Community Centre, 1 Villa Royale Avenue, Woodbridge, Ontario, Canada.


Providing quality uniforms for ITF • WTF • ICTF • KARATE Specializing in customized embroidery on garments such as hats, uniforms, belts and more! Custom t-shirt silk screening now available!



November 2011 / Volume 31 No. 6 / Issue Number 184 Publisher & CEO Woojin Jung


Managing Editor Laura Stolpe


Creative Director Elizabeth Brown

The Goodwill Tour 2011: First Stop Boston

Business Director Brian Heckart

Check out amazing photos from the first leg of the 2011 Goodwill Tour in Boston. To learn more about the tour, visit

Copy Editors Bill Heckart Julie Heckart


Web Site Manager Midwest Dedicated

Consultant John Lee

International Cover Consultant Sang Koo Kang


Alex Haddox C. M. Griffin Doug Cook Erik Richardson Guy Edward Larke Jerry Beasley Karen Eden Master Rondy Paul Zaichik Stace Sanchez Stephen DiLeo Tae Yun Kim Tom Kurz

Playing Football the Martial Artist’s Way

Meet Master Thomas Gordon, martial artist and amateur football player. Find out about his journey into a whole new game and how he’s kept his martial spirit along the way. 53

Fighting to Win: On the Street and in Court

Contributors Doug Cook Dylan Presman Erik Richardson Guy Edward Larke Henry Presman James Theros Jeff Rosser Kimberly D. Omens Monty Hendrix Stephen DiLeo


Breaking: A Teachable Moment

Read about the Four P’s of breaking—Power, Precision, Placement and sPeed—and how they can help you improve and perfect your breaking technique. 66


Be a Cane Master

Learn about Grandmaster Mark Shuey, Sr., a martial artist with over 40 years of training, and how he’s revolutionized the use of an old and ancient weapon—the cane. 70

Cover Photo by Morgan Holloway


Find out about Dave Young and the United States Fighting Systems, a specialized form of self-defense created by the former Marine and law enforcement officer.


Aaron Wayne-Duke Erica Linthorst Dr. Dave Nelson Jeremy Talbott Paul Marsala Rick McIntosh



A Tae Kwon Do Life

Learn about one martial artist’s extended family and how TKD has touched and influenced their lives for the positive.

70 Vice Presidents Don Wells Eui Min Ko George Vitale He-Young Kimm Young Lee

General Advisors Jhoon Rhee Jin Suk Yang Hee Il Cho Woon Chick Park Chuck Sereff Soo Nam Park

Edward Sell Rick Rojeck Tiger Kim Kwang Sik Myung Soon Ho Lee Chun Sik Kim

Public Relations Jung Oh Hwang Taek Sung Cho Michelle Kim General Education Alexander Choi Byungchul Kim

Yong Bum Kim Event Coordinator Jun Pyo Choi Sung Yong Ji Song Son Yu Martial Art Tech. Jae Kyung Kim

Scott Greca Barry Harmon Jamie Serio Dojang Operations Mike Menters Marshall Pereir Alex Suh

Donald C. Kimm News Director Mike Zeman Marketing Director Scott Warner Lisa Warner

International Department Kwang Jo Choi Jae Chul Sin David Moon Jin Suk Yang (WTF) Yong Son Ri (ITF)

International Correspondents Asia: Changsub Shin Europe: Bum Ju Lee Africa: Cover

Robin Rafferty Argentina: Ricardo Desimone South America: Jose Luis Giarone Australia: photo by Chee Bill Bly. Tam Fook

Founded in 1980 by Chung E. Kim

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Immobilizing an Opponent: Control Holds & Pressure Points

Self-defense is at the heart of Korean martial arts and Jang Mu Won Hapkido is no different. Learn how the art uses control holds and pressure points to subdue attackers. 82

Appropriate Relationships in the Martial Arts


Training and working in a dojang can be a tricky hierarchy to navigate. Check out some basic rules on what to do and what not to do in relationships between students and instructors.

Columns Stretch Yourself, MMA & You, Heart to Heart / 22 NEW! Kickin’ It / Exercises for High Kicks 27 East Meets West / Motivation 32 Nutrition by the Numbers / Lies & French Fries 34 The Knight’s Way / There’s No Place Like Home, But… 36 KICKPICS Corner / Photos by Stace Sanchez 40 Woman of the Times / 6’7’’ in Heels 44 Traditions / The Promotion Process 64 Raising Awareness / Holiday Shopping Safety 74 Master the Basics / The Basic Element 90 The Last Word / A Yougotsa Grandtitle-itis Case Study



Departments 9 13 18 28 36 38 81 86 88

Publisher’s Page / Balance and Order News / The Latest in Martial Arts Black Belt Beginnings / Heartwarming Stories TKDT Schools of the Month / October & November Killer Kicks / Get A Foot Up! The Big Break / Reader Pics Calendar of Events / Where & When TKDT Correspondents / Our Global Network Martial Arts Directory / Local Schools


38 TAE KWON DO TIMES, Volume 31, Number Six (ISSN 0741-028X) is published bi-monthly, (January, March, May, July, September, and November) by Tri-Mount Publications, Inc., Corporate Headquarters, circulation and fulfillment offices located at 3950 Wilson Ave. SW, Cedar Rapids, IA 52404 (319-396-1980). Editorial and advertising 3950 Wilson Ave. SW, Cedar Rapids, IA 52404 email: Fax: 319-396-5070 800-388-5966 Web site: Submissions must be accompanied by return postage and will be handled with reasonable care; however, the publisher and editor assume no responsibility for the return of unsolicited photographs or manuscripts. Submissions become the property of TAE KWON DO TIMES upon notification of their publication. Printed in the United States by Royle Printing Company. Periodical postage paid at Cedar Rapids, IA 52404 and at additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER, Send address changes to TAE KWON DO TIMES, 3950 Wilson Ave. SW, Cedar Rapids, IA 52404. Copyright © 2011 by Tri-Mount Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized reproduction of contents may be a violation of copyright laws. DISCLAIMER—TRI MOUNT PUBLICATIONS does not guarantee, warranty, or endorse any product or service advertised in this magazine. The publisher also does not guarantee the safety or effectiveness of any product, service or martial art technique illustrated in this magazine. The sole purpose and distribution of some products/services may be illegal in some areas and we do not assume responsibility thereof. State and local laws must be investigated by the purchaser prior to purchase and usage of products/services and martial art techniques. Because of the special nature of some products/services and techniques, a physician should be consulted before application.

Flowering Warrior  



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Balance and Order Training together in sparring over a period of time facilitates trust and camaraderie among students. Sparring is an example of a program that is fun and easy to learn. Although I do not have students engage in three-step sparring (Samsusik) on the first day of class, they are given the opportunity to do so on the second day. Students find this practice fun and exciting, even if they do not yet quite perform it properly. It is important to work toward correct technique in one-step and three-step sparring. Beginners stand facing each other, at a distance apart of about one full step in front stance. The higher the belt level, the closer students should be to each other while engaged in this type of sparring. One student is first to defend and the other is first to attack. The student who is defending engages in a defensive body stance with a thunderous kihap while looking straight into the eyes of the partner, thus showing his partner ki, or flow of energy. These actions signify the readiness to engage in the match. A loud kihap is actually the student’s pronouncement to the partner, “I am ready.” The term for one-step sparring, “Ilsusik” can be explained as “one step backward for defense and one step forward for attack.” The three-step sparring term, “Samsusik” refers to the same movements, except that the person takes three steps each way. I incorporate these exercises to encourage my students to respect and form close bonds with each other. The defending student blocks the attacking student’s punch. He then does a counterattack technique. All animals instinctively try to bite each other or attack when threatened and unable to escape. Instinctually, people seem to first attempt to attack each other in the face and indeed, in both onestep and three-step sparring, the punches are directed at the opponent’s face. Students must punch and block each other gently, but there should still be enough contact to keep the endeavor exciting and realistic. Learning how to control the intensity of attacking and blocking gives students self-confidence, along with a sense of achievement, that is gained from hard work and commitment to excellence. In the process of a hard workout, students will perspire and there will be a release of endorphins, resulting in a feeling of elation. Giving out a yell, which signifies one’s readiness, and then engaging in a repetitive offensive or defensive motion will focus the student on his partner’s movements. In sparring, the student begins by using hands and arms, then employs the feet, and gradually learns to combine them together. Sparring practice so absorbs students that they are not usually aware of how quickly the time has passed. They often find the exercise to be so intense that they sweat profusely. The practice is so exciting that the students become absorbed in the depth of their own training. When a male student and a female student are practice partners in the dojang, the instructor must take special care to prevent any problems that might lead to a situation of potential sexual harassment for either practice partner. The instructor must firmly indicate to any offending student that such misconduct is not allowed and will result in expulsion from the dojang. *This is an excerpt of Grandmaster Jung’s latest book, Best Instructor + Best School + Best Life! To find out more about the book, visit our store at www w.taekw won ndoti time mes. me s. com..

Woojin Jung / November 2011












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Askinas Done at USAT Amid Controversy Colorado Springs, Colorado—David Askinas is no longer chief executive officer of USA Taekwondo. According to the USAT Website: “USA Taekwondo, Inc., based in Colorado Springs, Colo., announces that David Askinas will become its consultant through the Olympic Games in July 2012. Mr. Askinas stated, “I am proud of the progress we have made with USA Taekwondo and I look forward to continuing to help the organization over the next year while I embark on some exciting new opportunities.” “Mr. Askinas formerly served as CEO.” But according to the local Colorado Springs newspaper, The Gazette, Askinas is leaving after a grievance was filed against him by TKD referee Bernard Robinson alleging “inappropriate conduct” with 2008 Olympian Charlotte Craig. Amid rumors of financial problems and organizational chaos, the USAT has not disclosed if Askinas left the organization of his own accord or was asked to step down. The USAT has currently not named a replacement for Askinas. Learn more about the controversy at and tell us what you think about the accusations on the Forums online.

David Askinas

EVENTS Kong Shin Bup HapKiDo Seminar

Kong Shin Bup HapKiDo Seminar

Clackamas, Oregon—Northwest Korean Martial Arts recently hosted Chiefmaster Kevin Janisse of the National Korean Martial Arts Association for a full day seminar to train in the art of Kong Shin Bup HapKiDo. The focus of the seminar was on joint locks, reversals, pressure point, and gun disarms. Chiefmaster Janisse was appointed as the inheritor of Kong Shin Bup and earned the rank of seventh-degree after a very strenuous test under Grandmaster Rudy Timmerman last year. Those in attendance included (sitting from left to right in the photo): Master Ted Woolhiser, Master Debbie Janisse, Chiefmaster Kevin Janisse, Master Kenny Olcott, and Master Gil Johnson.

ATU Championship

ATU Championship

Los Angeles, California—In July, the National Championships were held at the Los Angeles Convention Center to decide state team selection to go on to the Korea Open. The tournament was hosted by American Taekwondo United and California Taekwondo United, an official not-for-profit following the guidelines set forth by the World Taekwondo Federation with Olympic standards. Over 1000 competitors from all over the U.S. competed in forms, sparring and team demonstration events. Competitors ranged in age from five to some students in their 70s.

TKDI Welcomes New Member New York City, New York—TaeKwon-Do International is proud to welcome Master Tony Morris, owner and chief instructor at Asheville Sun Soo Traditional Taekwon-Do located in Asheville, North Carolina as their latest member school. Master Morris is a sixth-dan black belt and runs a very successful program, encouraging all ages to benefit from traditional TKD practice. Master Morris recently paid a special visit to Taekwon-Do International Headquarters in New York City to receive specialized personal instruction from TKDI President Grandmaster Suk Jun Kim and senior instructor Master John Meany.

Han Mu Do in Switzerland

Master Tony Morris

Wesson, Mississippi—The 457th Han Mu Do seminar was sponsored by the World Han Mu Do Association in Oberschan, Switzerland. It was hosted by Master Ernst Jan Rolloos through Alliance Corea of Europe. Han Mu Do practitioners from Switzerland, the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Italy, and the USA attended this event to receive personal instruction from Han Mu Do Founder and President Dr. He-Young Kimm. The event was a great success held in the mountains of eastern Switzerland.

Han Mu Do in Indiana Wesson, Mississippi—The 1st Annual Indiana Han Mu Do Seminar was held on June 11 in Clarksville, Indiana, hosted by Brad Haynes Martial Art Academy. Master Brad Havens played host to Han Mu Do Master David Higgs and Master Instructor Zollie Guidry for a day long seminar which covered sword techniques and form, empty-hand forms, falling techniques, joint-locking and throwing techniques, followed by finishing techniques. The event was attended by students and instructors from Indiana and the Louisville, Kentucky area.

Master DʼAloia Travels to Korea Daegu City, South Korea—Master Michael D’Aloia of the Korea Jung Ki Hapkido & Kuhapdo Association of America and of Iron Eagle Hapkido-Jung Ki Kwan New Jersey traveled to Grandmaster Lim, Hyun Soo’s Jung Ki Kwan with his students for their annual Hapkido & Chung Suk Kuhapdo (sword) training. Master D’Aloia is a direct student of Grandmaster Lim and is dedicated to learning and teaching the Hapkido techniques as taught to GM Lim from Dojunim Choi, Yong Sul. GM Lim studied Hapkido with Dojunim Choi for 19 years and is one of his most dedicated disciples. On this trip the following tested and passed their next Hapkido ranks: Richard Nelson, third-dan, James Moss, second-dan, Master Michael D’Aloia, seventh-dan. Also, a special congratulation to Korean Master Kang, Won Ki who earned his seventh-dan in Hapkido last month. / November 2011


KoreanAmerican Hapkido Student Exchange

World Kido Federation Hosts Successful Korean-American Hapkido Student Exchange

Bonham, Texas–The WKF/Hanminjok Hapkido Association would like to congratulate Texas Regional Director, Master John Murphy, for his hard work and leadership as host of the inaugural Hapkido Student Exchange. Ten Korean Hapkido students from Changwon, South Korea, aged 10-16, traveled to the U.S. for the first time to participate in the week-long program, which featured a home stay with an American host family, a visit to Six Flags, English lessons, and most importantly, ongoing cultural exchange between the Korean youths and their American counterparts. The students, accompanied by visiting Korean Master Choi Young Hwan, also participated in the 2011 International Korean Martial Arts Championships and Hapkido seminar with Masters Scott and Steve Seo. Through the sponsorship of the Hapkido Exchange Program and other activities, WKF hopes to continue to facilitate a fun and educational cultural exchange with a focus on martial arts between American students and their Korean peers.

TKD Goodwill Championships

TKD Goodwill Championships Dallas, Texas—Traditional TKD is on the upswing, demonstrated by Grandmaster Nam Tae Hi and 12 of the world’s most experienced masters, who gathered for a world-class tournament in Dallas, Texas in July. The World Taekwon-Do Alliance (WTA) hosted the 2011 Taekwon-Do International Goodwill Championships, a large international martial arts tournament open to the public and all traditional TKD schools. Spectators and masters were impressed with the skill and passion of competitors from 17 countries and 23 states. Competitors provided exciting action in point sparring, continuous semi-contact sparring, and full-contact Olympic sparring. Advanced instructors provided demonstrations, and black belts participated in a board-breaking competition. Patterns were contested by various ages and skill levels. The WTA has been established since 2002 and is comprised of many of the original pioneers of TKD. The organization has been designed to assist development and promotion of Tae Kwon Do worldwide. Its non-political approach emphasizing high-quality techniques and modern-day philosophy is attracting many old-school TKD practitioners. The WTA is the only traditional TKD organization that’s recognized by the multimillion-member WTF Olympic organization. The WTA is a working member of Taekwon-Do International, a UK-based network of more than 600 clubs in the UK and 84 countries.

Legends of the Martial Arts Lake Harmony, Pennsylvania—In May 2011, martial arts movie sensation Master Cynthia Rothrock and I.T.M.A. Chairman Eric P. Kovaleski hosted the 1st annual Legends of the Martial Arts Hall of Fame Awards Banquet at Split Rock Resort and Golf Club in Lake Harmony, Pennsylvania. This historic event followed two days of national competitions that were held at the U.S. National Karate Championships, also at Split Rock Resort. The championships were hosted by the International Tang Soo Do Moo Duk Kwan Association ™, and Grandmaster Robert and Master Eric Kovaleski. Inductees include Great Grandmaster Jhoon Rhee as Living Legend of Tae Kwon Do, Grandmaster Ji Han Jae as Living Legend of Hapkido, Grandmaster Jae Chul Shin as Living Legend of Tang Soo Do, Master Wesley Snipes as Living Legend of the Silver Screen, Master Cynthia Rothrock as Queen of the Martial Arts, Master Chuck Jeffreys as Fight Choreographer of the Year; and TaeKwonDo Times and Grandmaster Woojin Jung were recognized for journalism as Magazine of the Year in celebration of 30 years in print. Also, Grandmaster Robert Kovaleski was recognized with a tribute video in celebration of his 45 years of service to Tang Inductees Soo Do. The 2011 board of directors were comprised of Master Eric Kovaleski, Master Cynthia Rothrock, Grandmaster Robert Kovaleski, Grandmaster Chong Su Kim, Grandmaster Ken Mackenzie, Grandmaster Dominic Giacobbe, Grandmaster Alan Goldberg and Chief Master John Godwin. WTF Council members

6th WTF World Taekwondo Poomsae Championships Seoul, South Korea—The 6th WTF World Taekwondo Poomsae Championships took place in Vladivostok, Russia in July 2011. A total of 18 countries took home at least one medal at the annual championships, showing an even TKD poomsae techniques among nations. Besides the poomsae competitions, there were five-country invitational five-member kyorugi team exhibition matches, a three-nation friendship free-style poomsae contest, and a friendship poomsae contest for WTF member national association officials and WTF Council members, all of them drawing special attention from both the jam-packed spectators at the sports complex and the international media. According to the medal tally by nations, Korea topped others as it took home nine gold medals and one silver medal for the overall title of the championships. Vietnam came

14 November 2011 /

next with two golds, four silvers and one bronze. Germany followed with two golds, two silvers and one bronze, while Chinese Taipei won two golds, one silver and five bronzes. Host Russia clinched one gold, four silvers and three bronzes, followed by Great Britain and Mexico with one gold medal each. Iran grabbed two silvers and six bronzes, while Spain grabbed one silver and three bronzes. The Philippines followed with one silver, two bronzes, while China and Denmark won one silver and one bronze each. Turkey clinched seven bronzes, while Belgium, Canada, Colombia, the Netherlands and Thailand won one bronze medal each. In the five-member kyorugi team exhibition final match, Korea beat host Russia 36-12 for the gold medal and a top prize of $30,000. Russia took home $20,000. Turkey brushed aside a stiff challenge from Azerbaijan to win the bronze-medal decider 45-32 and a thirdplace prize of $15,000.

Legendary Masters Event Fremont, California—This past July, people filled the theater at the Santa Clara Convention Center to watch incredible demonstrations of energy, speed and power from martial art masters at the Legendary Masters event. Great Grandmaster Dr. Tae Yun Kim hosted the event in order to raise money and awareness for the Save the Children Emergency Relief Funds for the children victims of the U.S. tornadoes and the Japan tsunami. Blocks of ice were shattered, arrows were caught mid-air, bottles were smashed, apples kicked off swords, stacks of bricks were decimated, and wooden boards went flying. Then Great Grandmaster Kim performed a mystical ki energy form amidst swirls of fog, she amazed the audience by standing on a flat of raw eggs without cracking any of the shells. Following this, she then showed an extreme example of mind over body as two sharpened motorcycle spokes were pierced through her skin just above the elbows and buckets of water were hung off the pins. The audience also witnessed fantastic martial art demonstrations of self-defense, flexibility, strength and speed by Grandmaster Byong Yu from Los Angeles and Dr. He Young Kimm from Louisiana. The final act of the event was testing for five black belt candidates age 13 – 44. Cheska Collantes (in photo) broke two cinderblocks with her open hand. Special guests at the event included U.S. Congressman Mike Honda, Lee Meriwether, Legendary Masters Event Miss America (1955), Korean Consul General Jeong Gwan Lee, His Grace Michael Schmickrath, Duke of Gardham & Grand Prior General of the Orders of Constantine the Great and of St. Helen, Father Anthony Hernandez from St. Basil the Great Byzantine Catholic Church, San Jose Councilmember Kansen Chu who presented a special recognition to Dr. Kim from the city of San Jose, and Arif Khatib, founder of the Multi-Ethnic Sports Hall of Fame.

AWARDS ATA Inaugurates New Grandmaster Little Rock, Arkansas—One year after embarking on a trip around the world, ATA Grandmaster Soon Ho Lee and Chief Master In Ho Lee return to Little Rock, Arkansas. The remarkable journey, known as the Songahm Vision Tour, visited places of high significance to Songahm Taekwondo, both past and present. The journey concluded on June 25 at the Inaugural Ceremony of the 2011 World Championships, where Grandmaster Soon Ho Lee entered retirement, making him the first Grandmaster Emeritus and welcoming in Chief Master In Ho Lee as acting Grandmaster of the ATA. Grandmaster Soon Ho Lee had the daunting task of following in the footsteps of Eternal Grandmaster H.U. Lee, whose passing in 2000 left a massive void in the organization. Grandmaster Soon Ho Lee oversaw a period of unprecedented growth in the ATA during his leadership. After the most extensive review and vetting process by the ATA’s Masters Council since its formation in 2000, Chief Master In Ho Lee was announced as the Grandmaster Nominee on June 25, 2010, during last year’s Opening Ceremony of the ATA World Championships. Since his nomination, Chief Master In Ho Lee embarked on a twelve-month period of training, study, fasting and reflection necessary to earn the title of Chief Master In Ho Lee Grandmaster and serve as Songahm Taekwondo’s “Instructor of Instructors” worldwide. He will become only the third Grandmaster in the organization’s history, following in the footsteps of Grandmaster Soon Ho Lee and the ATA’s founder, Eternal Grandmaster H.U. Lee.

Master Doug Cook Awarded 6th Degree Warwick, New York—Master Doug Cook, owner and head instructor of the Chosun Taekwondo Academy located in downtown Warwick, was recently awarded his sixth-degree black belt at a promotion examination overseen by martial arts legend Grandmaster Richard Chun. During the two-hour testing process, Cook was required to demonstrate proficiency in skills ranging from complex self-defense techniques, poomsae and a period of free-sparring. The event culminated with the breaking of multiple pieces of wood with intense kicks and hand strikes, a dramatic component of the Korean traditional martial art expressing raw power and focus. Aside from his teaching responsibilities at the Chosun Taekwondo Academy, Cook has authored three best-selling books focusing on taekwondo and is featured regularly in various martial arts journals and periodicals. He has received numerous citations over the years for his contributions to the art including a Special Citation from the Korean government for Master Doug Cook (left) with forging a stronger relationship between Korea and the United States through the martial martial arts pioneer, Grandmaster Richard Chun arts, and was named “Taekwondo Master of the Year” by Budo magazine in 2006. Cook served as a guest lecturer at the University of Bridgeport in Connecticut, the only / November 2011 15

BSBN Liam O’Connor with Chang (Spear)

tution of higher learning offering a major in the martial arts, and has recently spoken at the prestigious Korea Society in New York City. He was a six-time gold medalist in the New York State Taekwondo Championships and the New York State Governor’s Cup competitions and presently holds D3 status as a U.S. Referee.

Chief Instructor Earns 3rd Degree San Diego, California—In May 2011, at the Kuk Sool of California Headquarters, Chief Master Larry White (ninth-degree) promoted his long-time student of 22 years, Liam O’Connor, to third-degree black belt. Extraordinary self-discipline, practice ethic and warrior spirit coupled with arduous training earned Mr. O’Connor the title of “Bu Sa Beom Nym” and the rank of third-degree in slightly less than one and a half year’s time, less than half the time it usually takes Kuk Sool practitioners to promote to the 3rd Degree ranks. Liam O’Connor is a California native and a 12-year veteran of the United States Marine Corps (Honorably Discharged). Along with his wife and partner JKN Susan Griego O’Connor, the two own and operate the Black Lotus Martial Arts Academy—Kuk Sool of San Diego in Clairemont.

JTMS Promotion Allen, Texas—In August 2011, Chief Master John B. Murphy, President of the International Jun Tong Mu Sool Group ( JTMS) promoted Master Joshua Paszkiewicz to the rank of fifth-dan black belt in the art of Tukkong Mu Sool. This promotion marked the first JTMS Master Level Tukkong Mu Sool promotion and coincided with Master Paszkiewicz’s one year anniversary as serving JTMS in the capacity of the organization’s Secretary-General.

Master Takes 10th at Nationals San Jose, California—Master Juan Bas finished tenth in the 1st Masters Poomsae (Forms) Division at the U.S. Junior Olympics and National Taekwondo Championships that were Master Joshua Paszkiewicz & held in San Jose, California in July 2011. Master Bas, who is Chief Master John B. Murphy head instructor of Bamboo Martial Arts in Maplewood, New Jersey and a sixth-degree black belt, was required to perform the seventh-degree black belt form Chonkwon. In preparation for the competition, Master Bas was assisted by his wife, Guada, and Master Levy Diogene (Levy Taekwondo School in Newark, NJ), Grandmaster Sungkeun Yoo, President of USA Taekwondo-New Jersey (Westfield, NJ), and Master Giduk Kwon (Apex Tigers Martial Arts School in Florham Park, NJ).


Master Bas (tenth place), Master Ron Southwick (second place) and Master Timothy Steger (first place).

Philip S. Porter Passes Citrus Heights, California—Martial artist Philip S. Porter passed away on August 7, 2011. O-Sensei Porter was considered by many to be “The Father of American Judo”. O-Sensei founded the United States Martial Arts Association, helped found the United States Judo Association, served as a Chairman of the AAU Judo Committee, Chairman of the U.S. Olympic Judo Committee, Secretary General of the Pan American Judo Union, and produced more than 1,000 national and international medalists in Judo over the past 50 years, 500 of them during the eight years he coached the National Judo Team. Phil Porter graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1948 and served in the U.S. Army and Air Force for 25 years, retiring as a Major in 1967.

Verbal Judo Creator Passes Cary, North Carolina—Dr. George Thompson passed away on June 7, but his work lives on at White Tiger Taekwondo and Martial Arts in Cary, North Carolina. Dr. George Thompson, the English professor turned street cop who ultimately taught one million professionals the art of verbally redirecting negative behavior, passed away at his home in Auburn, New York. He was 69. Dr. Thompson, known as “Doc” to the legions of professionals trained in his methodology of Verbal Judo, developed his tactics by witnessing seasoned law enforcement professionals, whom he affectionately called “salty old dogs,” talk down violence and generate voluntary cooperation in real-time crisis situations. Through his Verbal Judo Institute and, recently, under its new brand of Verbal Defense & Influence, Dr. Thompson led a legion of global trainers who taught these tactics to law enforcement within police forces large and small. Some of the larger organizations he taught include New York Police Department, Los Angeles Police Department and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Additionally, major hospitals, government institutions and corporations such as Southwest Airlines and IBM have been taught these techniques as a means to enhance professionalism and protect employees from verbal assault and physical violence. In recent years, his methodology has expanded greatly to encompass deflection and de-escalation techniques that address harassment and bullying in all its forms. Dr. Thompson achieved a second-degree in Judo; he often referred to his communications methodology as the “martial art of the mind and mouth.” White Tiger is the only school in the area authorized to teach Dr. Thompson’s techniques. Its instructors are certified by the Verbal Judo Institute and have included these techniques into their “Red Man” adrenal stress response self-defense workshops, which are available for free to all White Tiger students.

16 November 2011 /

Philip S. Porter

Best Instructor + Best School =Best Life! Best Inst r Best Sch uctor + o o Best Life l = ! Proven P

for Martiarinciples & Success l Arts A Guide for School Ow Instructors ners, , and Students w ith a Drea m

By Grand Master Woojin J ung

Inside... Help Students Realize Their Dreams Applause Changes People Balance and Order Awaken the Sleeping Spirit! Motivation: Secret to Success Instructor with the Most Students A Good Instructor: A Good Psychologist An Instructor is a Maestro

Training, Trai Tr aini aini ai n ngg, Endorphins En ndorp dorp do phi hins nss aand nd d tthe he A Atomic toom miic Bomb! B b! Instill Moral Values Noble Ties of Friendship Do Not Cross the Line Ties That Bind One Strike and You Could Be Out! Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t Lose Your Aura Always Be Righteous

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Focus On Our Readers... Black Belt Beginnings tells the inspiring and motivational stories of students climbing the rank system and achieving black belt. To submit your story of 750 words or less, email it to

Then, just one semester Finding My Way with TKD shy of graduBy Jeff Rosser ating with a Masterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Although I only began to study Tae Kwon Do in Criminal in 2009, I actually began my journey in the marJustice, I tial arts in 1991 at the age of eight. It was then developed a that I enrolled in my first Karate class. From the blood clot in very first class I was hooked and I would go on my left leg, to compete in some of the highest levels of AAU part of which competition. In December of 2000, at the age of traveled up to 18, I competed in the World Karate Organization my lungs. I Santa Claus World Cup in Miskolc, Hungary, as a was diagnosed member of the AAU U.S. National Karate Team. with a rare It was the culmination of nearly a decade of hard blood clotting work. For so long, it had been my goal to represent disorder leavmy country as a national team member however, ing me with shortly after, I found myself no longer hungry for valve damage competition. At this point, I was going off to colin my left leg and forcing me to take blood thinlege and no longer had a place to train or the time ners for the rest of my life. My plans of serving in to train on a regular basis. the Army after graduation were over and I was left with the difficult decision of what to do after graduation. As I was determined to bounce back, I resumed my training in Karate (American Open) and began training in Shuri-Te Jeff Rosser at Anguksa Ju-Jutsu, both under Robert temple in Muju. Taylor, while completing the requirements for my degree. Now, with a college education and an intense desire to train, I decided to find a job teaching English in Asia. Since I had studied Mandarin and Japanese as an undergraduate, I looked for jobs in Japan and China first, however, it was the positions in South Korea that turned out to be the most appealing and the next 18 November 2011 /

thing I knew, I was on my way to the land of the morning calm. Once in Korea, I enrolled in a local Tae Kwon Do dojang, Kookmin Taekwondo in Gunsan, which turned out to be one of the best around. My instructor, Lee Han-seong, was openminded, having also studied Judo and Muay Thai, and we often exchanged techniques, ideas, and philosophies. We became great friends. I also had the opportunity to train with my instructor’s instructor, O Yeong-bok, one of the top grandmasters in all of Korea, who just recently won a Silver Medal at the 2010 WTF World Poomsae Championships. One weekend, Grandmaster O invited Master Lee and me to join him for Tae Kwon Do training at Anguksa temple in Muju. A few weeks later, after almost seven months of training, I tested for my black belt. At this point, the hunger was back and as strong as ever, and with my instructor’s help, I was permitted to register to compete in poomsae at the 2010 Korea Open. Over the next couple of months leading up to the tournament, I had to learn Geumgang, Taebek, Pyeongwon, and Shipjin. A tall order indeed but nevertheless, I had the help of Master Lee and Grandmaster O, plenty of competition experience, and an overwhelming desire to compete for the first time in almost ten years. I did not win, but I had a great time and it felt wonderful to compete again. During the remainder of my time in Korea, I was asked to demonstrate poomsae at a couple of other schools and I was even asked to teach classes on poomsae applications, Ju-Jutsu, and Karate. Upon returning to the U.S., I took Gold Medals in poomsae, board breaking, and weapons at both the USAT North Carolina and South Carolina State Championships. I am now hooked on Tae Kwon Do and I have since returned to Korea to continue training under Master Lee. Through Tae Kwon Do, I’ve made lots of friends, found the confidence that I thought I had lost, and made memories that I will cherish for the rest of my life.

Why I Study Tae Kwon Do By Henry Presman, age 11

When I was little, I used to watch my Dad and sister practice Tae Kwon Do at Han Su Tae Kwon Do School in Silver Spring, Maryland and I really wanted to do the same. I used to imitate what they were doing way in the back of the room. When I got old enough, I immediately joined in. I have always had a great time. Ever since I started Tae Kwon Do, I have wanted to achieve the rank of black belt. Everyone knows a black belt is the best and most respected. I am proud to know that I have worked my way up from no-belt, never hurrying and earning each belt when it’s the right time and I was really ready. I always liked getting my new, crisp belt each time I reached a new level. And I especially liked the party afterwards. One of the best parts of Tae Kwon Do is the people that I have met through the class. They are all really nice and most of the people that stay for a while, when I get to know them better, become great friends. In the class, the only competition we have is with ourselves and challenging ourselves to do better and aim higher. I also do swimming and Henry Presman / November 2011


soccer, and I love being on a team. But Tae Kwon Do makes me feel like Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m achieving independently. Another one of the best parts of Tae Kwon Do is the exercise. By the end of most classes I am usually tired and sweaty. A lot of the things that we do for exercise are fun as well. One example is Henry training with Kaseam Carr. the chicken dance, which exercises your leg muscles. Another is sparring, which exercises your reflexes. Also, Tae Kwon Do gives me the chance to do community service, which is the payment for the class. In some cases, I might not do community service on my own and our Tae Kwon Do class gives me the opportunity. Plus, Monday nights are times that I can hang out with my Dad, just the two of us. Even though

Henry being awarded his black belt by Dylan Presman.

20 November 2011 /

I like to be with my Tae Kwon Do classmates, I enjoy our drives to and home from the community center. We have great talks and I have learned a lot of cool music. I will always remember this special time with him. I am proud to be here, knowing I have achieved a great goal and that I got to do it in front of and with my friends and family. Kom-sa-mida and thank you.

Alone Together, Together Alone By Dylan Presman

Every Monday, we come together to train alone. Tae Kwon Do is not a team sport. It is an individual pursuit. We are not competing against each other. We are competing only against ourselves. We are not striving to best an opponent. We are striving only to be the best we can be. When we train, we train alone; constantly pushing ourselves to perfect individual moves and whole forms. As we train, we learn moves, punches, kicks and blocks, but most of all we learn self-control, self-discipline, and self-restraint. We are learning to master our own bodies and minds and learning to be one within ourselves. And yet, if all you know about Tae Kwon Do is that it is a personal journey, then you know nothing about the Han Su Tae Kwon Do School in Silver Spring, Maryland. Because Han Su is all about the community that lies at the heart of the individual pursuit. And it is this sense of community that is why I do Tae Kwon Do. In theory, training for such an individualistic pursuit would ideally be alone, using books, videos, or materials from the Internet. Where is the need for a group when the goal is self-development and self-perfection? But in reality, inspiration, motivation, and understanding are hard to come by on your own. It is just a hard road to travel alone and without the support of the group, the results can be frustration, confusion, and stagnation. And so, we come together to learn as a community. We train within our belt ranks and as a group. We strive together. We grow together. We learn by watching our peers and are inspired by their progress and their encouragement. Each week we learn from the wisdom of the crowd that, as Helen

Henry & Dylan Presman

It is the Han Su community that explains why I leave work early every Monday, dash home on the metro, snag a rushed bite to eat before scuttling over to Silver Spring for the 6 p.m. start. It is the people who make the repetitive exercises fun, who make the hour and a half seem like mere minutes. Each week I am inspired by students who are more than 30 years older than me and by those who are more than 30 years younger than me. I know that I couldn’t do Tae Kwon Do on my own, but because of the people of Han Su, I cannot imagine not doing it. In truth, when you train in a community like the Han Su Tae Kwon Do School, you are never training alone. (L-R) Lamine Travore, Dylan & Henry

Keller put it, “Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much.” Moreover, the Han Su Tae Kwon Do School places particular emphasis in the importance of community. Grandmaster Couch has said, “Through self-discipline, we learn the importance of being of service to others,” and has kept instruction free at Han Su specifically to build a sense of community. Providing free instruction opens the classes up to people who may not otherwise be able to take advantage of the opportunity. As a result, the classes include a wide range of participants of all ages and from all walks of life, enriching the experience for everyone. And as “payment” for the classes, all students are required to commit to community service. The class is so abundant with the experiences of so many. Each student brings so much to make my experience so much richer and so much more fun. / November 2011


Kickinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; It!

By Paul Zaichik

:mZgX^hZh[dg=^\]@^X`h This column will focus on developing the height of the three basic side line kicks; the side kick, the round house kick and the hook kick. There are various styles of martial arts and kicking technique varies among each style and even among each practitioner. The main differences are the rotation of the torso, the position of the supporting leg before, during and after the kick, as well as the trajectory of the kicking leg. Among TKD practitioners, there is a common agreement that the supporting leg should turn out. In most cases the higher the kick, the larger the turn out. For high kicks, the turn out of the supporting foot varies from 130 to 180 degrees (180 degrees being the heel of the supporting foot facing the target). There are numerous reasons that can prevent a practitioner from delivering effective high kicks. Here are the main ones: t-BDLPGGMFYJCJMJUZJOUIFIBNTUSJOHTBOEQPTUFSJPS adductors of the supporting leg. t-BDLPGTUSFOHUIJOUIFTBNFNVTDMFHSPVQTNFOUJPOFE above. t-BDLPGGMFYJCJMJUZMBUFSBMGMFYPSTPGUIFUSVDLPOUIF non-kicking side. t-BDLPGTUSFOHUIJOUIFMBUFSBMIJQGMFYPSTBOEBCEVDUPST on the kicking side. t'MFYJCJMJUZPGUIFBEEVDUPSTPGUIFLJDLJOHMFHQMBZTPOMZ a minor role in healthy individuals when the kicking height is concerned. First we are going to address the issue of the supportJOHMFH*GUIFSFJTBMBDLPGGMFYJCJMJUZJOUIFNVTDMFTPGUIF non-kicking leg, you will not be able to kick high, period. 5IFSFJTOPXBZBSPVOEJU0OUIFPUIFSIBOE JGUIFGMFYibility is there, but the root of the kick is weak, high kicks will be possible, but without much balance, control or QPXFS4P *XJMMTIPXZPVBGFXFYFSDJTFTUPTUSFOHUIFO your supporting leg.  (FOFSBMMZ UIFTFFYFSDJTFTXJMMEFWFMPQGMFYJCJMJUZ FWFO without the added stretches. If you choose to stretch your IBNTUSJOHTBOEBEEVDUPSTJODPNCJOBUJPOXJUIUIFTFFYFScises, your kicks will improve that much more.  5IFTFCBTJDFYFSDJTFTBSFGPSZPVJG t:PVDBOUUISPXBIJHILJDLSFHBSEMFTTPGUIFQPTJUJPOPG your torso. If you can throw a high kick while leaning away from the kicking leg, your main focus should be on your kicking leg and torso and not on the supporting leg. t:PVDBOUUISPXBIJHILJDL SFHBSEMFTTJGZPVSCPEZ drops away from the kick.

5IFUISFFFYFSDJTFTQSFTFOUFEIFSFBSF The Stiff Single Leg Dead Lift t Stand up straight and completely vertical to the floor. t'MFYPOFLOFFBOECBMBODFPOPOFMFH t,FFQZPVSCBDLTUSBJHIUBOEGMFY forward from the hip. t Return to the starting position. The Warrior III Position t Bring your arms over your head and into a vertical line with your body. t'MFYGPSXBSEGSPNUIF hip and keep the lifted leg in line with your arms. t Hold and return to the starting position. The Warrior IV Position t Turn out your supporting foot 90 degrees. t-PXFSZPVSCPEZ sideways, while keeping the lifted leg in line with your torso. Note: Start with 1-2 sets PGSFQFUJUJPOTPG4JOHMF-FH%FBE -JGUPOCPUITJEFT:PVDBOEP8BSSJPS***BUUIFTBNF UJNF IPMEJOHGPSTFDPOETPOFBDITJEF:PVTIPVME DPOUJOVFUSBJOJOH VOUJMZPVDBOEPUIF8BSSJPS***BT shown, with your body parallel to the floor, and you can IPMEUIJTQPTJUJPOGPSTFDPOET5IFOFYUTUFQJT8BSSJPS IV Position. Continue to practice until you can hold this position for 10 seconds.


ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Paul Zaichik is an exercise science expert. His specialty is martial arts training as well as body weight conditioning. His innovative method is designed to have a maximum carry over into specific athletic techniques. A large part of his talent is to assess an athlete and quickly understand what kind of training is needed for optimal techniques. Paul is the author of books and DVDs on the topic of flexibility, martial arts and bodyweight training. Over the years, Paul Zaichik has worked with a variety of individuals including athletes, entertainers, and military personnel. His ElasticSteel Method of Athletic Conditioning programs are used worldwide by both professional and amateurs with great success.

22 November 2011 /

in Boston Photos by Jessica Lee

The team along with Goodwill Tour organizers. The team teaches TKD at a public high school in Boston.

Checking out www. usnktkd. com.

A celebration upon their arrival in Boston.

24 November 2011 /

The North Korea TKD Demo Team put on an amazing performance at Lowell High School in Lowell, MA.

The team eats a traditional Korean meal in Boston.

GM Woojin Jung, Boston volunteer Jessica Lee & UN representative Pak Chol Team members signed autographs and took photos with fans.

Check out our upcoming close-ups on the Goodwill Tour in New York City and New Jersey in the next issues of TKD Times!

It is common for our school to have visitors from other schools. School owners often say that they have heard about or seen our school in magazines and wanted to come see the secret to our success. While visiting, one master questioned me about the amount of student awards that were presented within his few days’ stay. He noted that in every class, every day, something was awarded to a student and the audience went wild. This is no exaggeration. It is not like I opened a school and just decided that I would give out tons of awards, but over time found that they helped keep the motivation going. In each class, a Tiger Ticket is awarded to the student who tried his hardest, sweat the most and yelled the loudest. The student writes his name on the Tiger Ticket and drops it in the box for the drawing held at testing. The prizes are donated from local businesses to advertise their companies and are at least a $100 value (and one time the prize was an SUV, donated from the local car dealership). The more Tiger Tickets you have in the box, the greater your chance of winning. A Koi Cup is also presented, a pre-measured food cup to feed the fish in the Koi pond, along with a cafe coupon, a discount off a smoothie after class. Of course there are the standard Best Test Trophies, Student of the Month certificate, each Color Belt of the Month certificate, Academic Achievement Pin Awards for excellent school grades, Taekwondough dollars to be spent in the proshop awarded for books read, wearing the golden belt for your birthday, and the list goes on. I don’t remember any awards training in my dojang in Korea—ever. We didn’t get prizes for trying hard, sweating or yelling really loud. It was expected with every motion, every class, every day. When a parent brought a new student to our school to join, the master would work with him for a little bit off to the side. My master in Korea would give the new kid a few minutes of serious instruction and the child either took to it or not. Often I would see my master shaking his head from side to side and taking the student back

over to the parent—the student would not be back. My master explained, if someone does not show aptitude for an activity, release them so they can try something else and find their “thing”. From day one, the master was pre-selecting students with black belt qualities. I remember being a guest master at several black belt tests in Korea. Hundreds of eight-year-old little boys performed poomsaes with synchronized perfection. They were all very good, they were chosen to be very good. It is much different in American schools, at least most American schools. We will play with, high-five, entertain, and do anything it takes to coax a newcomer to try training. We see this as our chance to change someone’s life. We can build their confidence, improve their coordination and empower them with skills for success. I have seen instructors bend over backwards to give a student the extra motivation and attention they needed to make it through a class and encourage them to come back again for another. I don’t expect everyone who walks through my dojang doors to have what it takes to achieve a black belt. But, with nurturing and encouragement (and yes, a few medals, trophies and motivational trinkets along the way) we have the ability to build up and empower each and every student with the skill sets needed for success.

East Meets West By Master Rondy


Master Rondy is a sixth-degree black belt in WTF Taekwondo, a fourth-degree in Hapkido and a second-degree in Kickboxing. She was the only non-Asian member of the Korean Tigers Professional Martial Arts Team, spending two years in Korea, living in Seoul and YongIn. Master Rondy successfully blends the cultures of a Korean teaching staff and an American management staff for her 24,000 square foot superschool located in Cary, North Carolina. For more information visit / November 2011


October Taekwondo Athletic Center Taekwondo Athletic Center, based in Coconut Creek, Florida, provides exciting and innovative programs to push students to be the best that they can be. Sabunim Juan Catalan, fourth-degree black belt and Kukkiwon Internationally Certified Instructor, has been involved in TKD for over 25 years. Taekwondo Athletic Center is a dynamic martial art studio offering classes in Olympic style TKD, traditional TKD, fitness and self-defense. The curriculum includes fitness classes that are designed to improve strength, confidence, focus and discipline along with many other positive attributes. Training also includes flexibility exercises, plyometrics and strength training. Athletes train one to three hours a day, four to six days a week. No stranger to competition himself, Sabunim Catalan is a Gold and Silver Medalist in Olympic Style Sparring in the U.S. Open Championships in 2009. In July 2010, he led the Taekwondo Athletic Center team to victory earning the Gold Medal in Olympic style sparring in his division at the Senior National Championship. Taekwondo Athletic Center athletes earned 13 medals in all,

Seminar with TKD Hall of Fame Inductee GM Rafael Medina.

28 November 2011 /

including seven Gold Medals, three Silver Medals and two Bronze Medals at the 2010 Junior Olympics and Senior Nationals. In 2011, 16 athletes earned medals as Florida State Champions. In April 2011, 14 athletes from Taekwondo Athletic Center earned medals at the Florida State Championships, earning advancement to national tournaments. Thirteen athletes competed in both sparring and forms in June 2011 at the Sunshine State Games in Lakeland, Florida, bringing home 11 Gold Medals, two Silver and one Bronze. Sabunim Catalan opened the school in 2007. “I love seeing students gain confidence, coordination and skills, as well as becoming athletes and better human beings. I learn from all the students on a daily basis. I’m passionate about Tae Kwon Do, I love the challenge, I love the ‘Tae’ (kicking) and ‘Kwon’ (punching), but the ‘Do’ (the way), has taught me the most.” For more information, visit

Rich Sierra, Sharon Berman, GM Rafael Medina, Juan Catalan, Luciano Cesario & Alexis Posso

Nominate your school as a TKDT School of the Month! Send an email to

TAC Competition Team / November 2011


November The Indiana Taekwondo Academy The Indiana Taekwondo Academy originally opened in Noblesville, Indiana, in 1974 under the name of Korea Taekwondo Academy (KTA) by Master Chul Koo Yoon. In 1979, Master Yoon appointed one of his black belt students, James Crays, to instruct at the KTA Noblesville location. Since that time, Master Crays has dedicated his life to teaching the traditional styles of Tae Kwon Do and Hapkido to hundreds of students and has promoted more than 300 black belts and dozens of state and national champions. He also continued to train and teach under Master Yoon for many years to come. In 1990, Master Crays renamed the school Indiana Taekwondo Academy. As the Chief Instructor of Indiana Taekwondo Academy, Master James Crays, trained under Grandmaster Chul Koo Yoon from Seoul, Korea. He earned his black belt in 1978. He has also trained with well-known martial artists such as Grandmasters Kwan Sik Myung, In Sun Seo, Bong Soo Han, Il Kwon Kim, Wally Jay, George Dillman and Danny Insanto. Master Crays has traveled all over the United States plus Korea and South America as a competitor, instructor, coach and official.

In 1999, Master Crays traveled to Kyung Ju, Korea, the birthplace of ancient Tae Kwon Do (Tae Kyon and Hwa Rang Do) to train and test for his sixthdan. Again, in 2005, Master Crays returned to Korea to promote to his seventh-dan. This time he took ten of his black belt students and two other masters, all of whom promoted also. The group traveled again to Korea and China in 2008. Master Crays has received over 200 awards and trophies for various competitions and instruction including state and national champion awards from 1978 to 2006 and Indiana AAU Athlete of the Year in 1983, Instructor of the Year in 1988 and Indiana State Taekwondo Association Athlete of the Year in 2001. He has dedicated his life to martial arts training and plans to continue sharing his knowledge and experience with his students and other martial artists for a long time to come. For more information, visit

Master Crays and Master Dan Kocsis with their black belts at the China Wall, 2008.

30 November 2011 /

Nominate your school as a TKDT School of the Month! Send an email to

Kyle Wagner, 4th Dan Promotion

Master Crays and ITA Black Belts, Hapkido Seminar with Grandmaster Kwang Sik Myung, 1990.

Master Crays coaching son, Jacob, at AAU Junior Olympic Games, New Orleans, 2011. (Below) Chase Darlington proudly displaying his bronze and gold medals from the 2011 AAU Junior Olympic Games.

AAU Junior Olympic Competitors, New Orleans, 2011 Master Crays and Master Dan Kocsis with their black belts training with the Buddhist Monks at Beopjusa Temple.

Lora Crays, 5th Dan Promotion Test, 2008

Promotion Test 1979. James Crays, back row, far left, with brothers Mike and Chris. From left to right (center): Masters Lee, Il Sik Kim, Mu Gil Lee, Chung Park & Chul Koo Yoon. / November 2011


Nutrition by the Numbers By Erik Richardson

A^Zh;gZcX];g^Zh Americans, among others, are slowly killing themselves with a meat-centered diet. Like the rise of research on cigarettes, it is becoming harder and harder to avoid or disregard the long-term, controlled scientific studies. Whether you think we need to keep meat in our diets or not, the research is clear that we need to shift the focus of our diets from being built around meat to being built around fruits and vegetables and legumes. At least those of us who are not excited about experiencing the misadventure of things like heart disease, colon cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Size Matters The first step in easing back from a fat-tastic, meatcentric diet is to reframe our thinking in light of what actual serving sizes are supposed to even look like. The USDA recommendation for a serving is three ounces. As a rule of thumb, that is about the size of a deck of playing cards (2.5â&#x20AC;?wide x 3.5â&#x20AC;? long x 0.5â&#x20AC;? thick). Another quick guideline is that the dimensions are close to half the size of a checkbook, though a checkbook is usually thinner. With this in mind, then, letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s turn to a particular example, an opponent you may recognize from other columnsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the fast food hamburger. The Myth of Saving Ourselves Time Our brains are remarkable, and one of their greatest (and darkest!) powers is their ability to deceive themselves. I have made this excuse and Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve read it from others, and I have actually heard people use this little self-deceptive lie in justifying a swing through McDonaldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s (or any of a number of others). See if you recognize it, here it is: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m just so busy. Who has time to prepare healthy meals all the time?â&#x20AC;? With that little bit of spin doctoring, we create the illusion that we are somehow making a smart trade-off. Sure, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not the best meal choice, but it frees up time for more important things. Whether those other things actually ARE more important, I will let slide for now, because I want to focus on the reality of the claim that we have actually saved time in any meaningful way. Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s just look at the sample case of the fast food hamburger. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a good test case, because it probably the single most common fast food purchase. A plain hamburger with a regular sized patty has 254 calories, 13 grams of protein and 10 grams of fat. This is for 86 grams and comes out to 3 oz.â&#x20AC;&#x201D;a serving. In contrast, a plain hamburger with a large patty has 426 calories, 23 grams of protein and 21 grams of fat. In this case, we are talking about 137 grams, and that converts to just a little over a quarter pound. Hereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s where it starts to get interesting, though. Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re talking about a difference of 172 calories. If you are, say, a 160-pound man, that would mean running for 14 minutes at a speed of 6 mph just to make up for the extra calorie difference. That doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t even take into account things like sodium, cholesterol, etc. Similarly, it would mean doing pushups at a moderate pace for 29 minutes or sit-ups for 31 minutes. For any of you who go in for that occasional double quarter pounder burger, even if we donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t count the condiments or any cheese you add in, this decision is now costing you 598 extra calories above a normal serving. That means 49 minutes of running, 99 minutes of pushups, or 108 minutes of sit-ups to Erik Richardson is a Certified Sports Nutritionist in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he practices two different martial arts. With graduate degrees in philosophy, education, and business, he is currently President of Richardson Ideaworks, Inc., which specializes in education and corporate training.

32 November 2011 /

make up for the overload. Really. Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re looking at just over an hour and a half in those last two cases. Now, letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s talk about the chances you throw in an order of fries with that burger. Come on, whoever walks away from the fast food counter (or pulls away from the drive through) with just a burger? An order of medium fries? 427 calories extra. A soda too? Forget about it. Your legs or arms will fall off trying to compensate. Keep in mind, you might do this kind of work as part of your active lifestyle. You might be very athletic and spend hours every week in the dojang. Oh, that doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t count. This is EXTRA work you have to do. You already need an active exercise program for a whole variety of reasons. So, what you really need to think about is: at the end of TKD class, when youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re tired and ready to hit the showers, now imagine having to do push-ups and sit-ups for twenty or forty or NINETY more minutes. Those are not your average twenty minutes, either. As you will have noticed any number of times, an additional minute at the end of a workout is much larger than a minute early on. The Myth of Saving Ourselves Money There is another bit of spin-doctoring we trick ourselves into, though it is sometimes reinforced by advertising and social pressure. This one is the common cry: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s expensive to eat healthy.â&#x20AC;? The math on this one is messier and would take a while, but a number of solid studies have been done untangling the economics of our obesity epidemic. All of that added weight created when we fail to pay our calorie debts has been shown in studies to result in an average of $1400 per year in medical bills per person, and with each notch our BMI moves up the scale, the costs move up another $300 per year. Even more than the medical costs, the non-medical costsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;including things like lost productivity and a higher number of days off from workâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;pile up to almost three times as much. Keep those real costs in mind the next time you think about how the McWhopper seems cheaper than a healthy, home-cooked meal. As always, I look forward to hearing your experiences with the topic as well as your successes. If you have additional questions, or if you would like to see how those calculations apply to your weight or particular weak spots in your eating habits, send me a quick e-mail at ri@wi.rr. com. Until next time remember: What you put into your body determines what you put into your punch.

The Knight’s Way By Guy Edward Larke

I]ZgZ¸hCdEaVXZA^`Z=dbZ!7ji¬ µ9V"h]ZZbVc"cV]" hj]WV]c"\Vlj]"nd¶

or “Welcome back.” After spending 11 years in Korea I have felt more than my share of homesickness. The primary stress, apart from missing friends and family, is going without one’s creature comforts, whether that is English

DVDs, books, movies, sports bars or a shirt that fits the way it should. These seem pretty tame but after a few years most foreigners find this extremely important to help stay sane. You do need to get used to living Korean-style to adapt, there’s no doubt about it, but even the most well-adjusted Westerner has his/her own vice they need to indulge. Just as there are Chinatowns and Little Italy’s in our countries there are identical districts in the larger cities in South Korea (Busan and Seoul in particular). For our purGuy Edward Larke sabumnim has dedicated his life from a young age to the pursuit of the martial arts, Asian culture and hopology. It led him to Korea in 2000 and has lived there since then. He lives in Seongnam city with his wife Gi-Ryung and son Alexander. He holds black belts in Taekwondo, Hapkido, Taekkyon, Bon Kuk Kumdo, Korean kickboxing, Karate-do, Wushu, Cheonji-muye-do, and Hosin-sul. Currently he teaches Taekwondo, Karate and Cheonji-muye-do full time in addition to writing for various magazines and running Kisa-Do Muye & Marketing. He can be contacted at kisa_do_muye@

34 November 2011 /

poses, we are just interested in discussing the Westerner friendly regions—one in particular, a famous area known as Itaewon (Ee-tay-wahn). Resting on an elevated plain in Seoul, it looks like what you’d expect to see. There are a myriad of clothing shops (including plus sizes), music shops, an amazing bookstore, and foreign supermarkets. You can find everything from foreign strength deodorant to ground turkey to taco mix. As for your palate, you can sink your teeth into Americanstyle Chinese food, Mexican, Turkish, Thai and other international flavors. At night, there are more pubs and sports bars than you can count, boasting large international beverage and food menus. Another nice item of note is a large number of health, sports and medical services with multilingual employees Photos courtesy of the Korean Tourism Organization

to serve you. Ordering food or shopping in the rest of Korea is not that difficult. A choice few dozen phrases can go a long way, but sometimes you need to speak your own tongue to get across your needs. Once again, many might say this is useless information, but after six months or so here, you will probably find yourself in this area with the rest of us. List of useful sites: EN_7_2_6_1.jsp Travel2/10 Starting in January 2012 will be details on the various associations

to look for when looking to visit or relocate here. Till next issue…

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Submit your Killer Kick photos, along with your name, age, rank and location to or mail to: TKD Times Attn: Killer Kicks 3950 Wilson Ave SW Cedar Rapids, IA 52404 USA

Left Side Rear: Jo Kyoh Nim Bobby Kelly Front: Jo Kyoh Nim Michael Yates (school owner) Right Side Rear: Jo Kyoh Nim Andrew Alms Middle: Kyoh Sah Nim Megan Olsen Front: Jo Kyoh Nim Tracker Harris. Kuk Sool Won of Pekin, Pekin, Illinois

Brian Malm sidekick on Mt. Lemmon, Arizona

36 November 2011 /

(Above & Below) Scott Cole, 6th Dan, Melbourne, Australia

TJ Janik, 1st Dan, Madison, Wisconsin *Photos were taken in the last year after TJâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s recent surgery, chemotherapy and beating cancer. / November 2011


Submit your Big Break photos, along with your name, age, rank and location to or mail to: TKD Times Attn: Big Break 3950 Wilson Ave SW Cedar Rapids, IA 52404 USA

GM Barry Rodemaker 8th Dan, Chon Sul Kwan Hapkido Erie, Pennsylvania

38 November 2011 /

Francisco Gonzalez, 3rd Dan DoMa Taekwondo School, New York Photos by Kusuma Wijaya *Previous photo of Francisco Gonzalez published in July 2011 (page 31) was listed incorrectly as Kusuma Wijaya. / November 2011


Woman of the Times By Karen Eden

+¸,¸¸ ^c=ZZah When I first met Kathy, an acting coach, I couldn’t help but look up to her, literally. Kathy is 6’4’’ tall. I brought her in to work with my kids so they could learn how to carry themselves with confidence and self-esteem, especially the girls. “I know you’re saying, ‘Wow! She’s really tall.’ And that’s okay,” Kathy said to them, “not only am I tall, but I like to wear high-heeled shoes. So why should I not enjoy a nice high-heeled shoe just because I’m tall? If somebody’s got a problem with that…that’s their problem, not mine!” I thought this was great. Because more often than not, women over 5’9 will almost always reside to wearing flats their entire adult life. I mean I never looked at it this way, probably because I’m not overtly tall. But a woman wearing high heels when she’s already 6’4” is definitely a confident woman! When I was a “just off the street” white belt, I remember seeing a master-ranked black belt vacuuming the floor at our federation headquarters. “I don’t understand,” I thought to myself. Because the world would have you believe that rank and status will always demand that somebody else do stuff like clean-up detail. Yet here was this high-ranked master toiling with such an unimportant duty. It would be years before I would mature into that very same belt, and then realize that being able to perform such unimportant duties is because of one’s strong

sense of self-worth, not the lack of it. Over the years, I have tried to contact various radio and TV personalities who I once worked with that were let out of their contracts. The majority of the time, most wouldn’t return my phone call because they felt like they were somehow lesser of a person for getting let go. “How do you maintain your dignity and face all those people who used to look up to you?” A former TV co-worker once asked me. “Because I don’t have to be on TV, or be anything in particular to feel special,” I replied. “I am just as special running the sweeper as I am doing a TV segment in front of thousands of viewers.” And I say that in all humility. Because to me, it’s a scary thing when someone places their entire identity on something as fleeting and superficial as being a “celebrity.” The truth is, I have tasted much glory in my life, but I have also lost just as much glory. I have won in Karate tournaments; I have lost in Karate tournaments. I have gotten jobs of a lifetime; I have lost jobs of a lifetime. Through it all, I have realized that I am neither greater nor lesser of a person. I am still just who I am. And I have learned to maintain my sense of self worth whether I’m on the podium holding the flowers, or not. As Kathy put it, “If you don’t know who you are, somebody will always be around to tell you.” I take pride in knowing that as a martial arts instructor, I am helping others complete their discovery of who they really are. Especially when I hand them the sweeper. And I agree with Kathy, as she now stands 6’7” in her high-heeled shoes. I will keep intact my sense of self-esteem at all times regardless of what other people may think. I will be true to myself. If they have a problem with it…that’s their problem.

Karen Eden is a fifth-degree black belt and master in the art of Tang Soo Do. She is also a published author, former radio personality and TV journalist, who has appeared on CNN, FOX National, and Animal Planet. She has also appeared in two major Hollywood productions. Karen has written for and appeared in many martial arts publications over the years. Her books include The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Tae Kwon Do (Penguin Books) and I Am a Martial Artist (Century Martial Arts). She is also the poet behind the popular I Am a Martial Artist product line, also available through Century Martial Arts, and Dojo Darling martial arts wear, available through Master Eden currently teaches atrisk youth through the Salvation Army in Denver, Colorado. For contact or booking information, email her at

40 November 2011 /


WKF Hosts Successful Korean-American Hapkido Student Exchange July 16-22, 2011- Dallas, TX - Korean Hapkido students from Changwon, South Korea, traveled to Dallas, Texas to participate in the week-long student exchange program, which featured a home stay with an American host family, a visit to Six Flags, English lessons, and most importantly, ongoing cultural exchange between the Korean youths and their American counterparts. The students, accompanied by visiting Master Choi Young Hwan, were hosted by WKF Master John Murphy. The trip was highlighted by the 2011 International Korean Martial Arts Championships and Hapkido seminar with Masters Scott and Steve Seo. Through the sponsorship of these kinds of events, WKF hopes to continue to facilitate a fun and educational cultural exchange with a focus on martial arts between American students and their Korean peers.

Experience WKF Training Firsthand! EVENT INFORMATION


October 15-16, 2011 2-Day Intensive Hapkido Seminar with Master Steve Seo Gramado, Brazil

Master Alexandre Gomes

October 22-23, 2011 2-Day Intensive Hapkido Seminar with Master Scott Seo Vasteras, Sweden

Rikard Larsson

November 19-20, 2011 2-Day Intensive Hapkido Seminar with Master Scott Seo Templemore Town, Ireland

Master Sheamus Oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Neill

February 2012 2-Day Intensive Hapkido Seminar with Master Scott Seo Belgium

Grandmaster Rony Dassen

February 18-19, 2012 2-Day Intensive Hapkido Seminar with Master Steve Seo Orlando, Florida

Grandmaster Billy Burchett

March 17-18, 2012 2-Day Intensive Hapkido Seminar with Master Steve Seo and Southern California Regional Conference Southern California

Grandmaster Kambiz Moghaddam

May 26-27, 2012 2-Day Intensive Hapkido Seminar with Master Steve Seo Puerto Rico


WORLD MARTIAL ARTS FESTIVAL AND CHAMPIONSHIP IN SOUTH KOREA Be part of one of the largest and most important martial arts events ever held, with participation from over 20 countries and 1500 competitors, and sanctioned by the South Korean government. Join us and participate in competition, training, demonstrations and martial arts collaboration and cultural exchange. Stay tuned for more information!

Master Miguel Lind

Interested in joining World Kido Federation? Become a member of one of the most respected and renowned Korean martial arts organizations in the world, led by Grandmaster In Sun Seo. For more information on how to apply, contact Secretary General Sara Seo at

For our most updated even schedule, go to

Photos by Mr. Stace Sanchez Mariah Moore, 1st degree, Alto, MI

Evan Hoyle, 3rd degree, karate, Collinsville, IL Zachary Komejan, 2nd degree, South Lyon, MI

Steve Basche, 5th degree, Fort Wayne, IN Derrick Witz, 3rd degree, Choi Kwang Do, Mount Pleasant, MI

James Luk, 4th degree, Shotokan, New York City, NY

(left) Brynnen McIver, Muay Thai, Kempo, Washington, D.C. Matthew Reckanel, Tae Kwon Do, Detroit, MI

Robbie Bottomley & Sarah Stobbe

Sarah Lynn Stobbe, 3rd degree, Plymouth, MI

42 November 2011 /

Joey LaPerriere, 2nd degree, Sarasota, FL

Billy Quevedo, 2nd degree, Sarasota, FL

Aaron Cerda, 2nd degree, Pro MMA fighter, Tye, TX Austin Lombriga, 7th cord, Capoeira, Sarasota, FL

James Cox, 7th degree, Kajukembo, Abilene, TX

Brandon Ramirez, 3rd degree, Taganas Martial, Sarasota, FL

Paige Oswald, 2nd degree, Sarasota, FL

Leo Hernandez, Purple Sash, Kung Fu, Grand Rapids, MI

Jeremy Miller, 1st dan Tang Soo Do, Red Sash 7 -Star Praying Mantis, Imlay City, MI

Sam Kas-Mikha 8th degree, Tae Kwon Do and Kickboxing, Troy, MI

PJ Nieto, MMA, Judo, Grand Rapids, MI

Brian Howard, 8th Kyu Karate, Gracie Jiu Jitsu, Kickboxing, MMA, Holland, MI

Robbie Bottomley, 1st dan Tang Soo Do, 1st Dan Kobujutsu, Mount Wolf, PA / November 2011




By Doug Cook

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Six months ago, I had the supreme honor of testing for my sixth-dan black belt at an examination officiated by martial arts legend, Grandmaster Richard Chun. Looking back, the first time I stumbled into Kwanjangnimâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s world was as a newly-minted yellow belt when I first read his always inspiring book Tae Kwon Do: The Korean Martial Art. Since then, I have trained under this man and his instructors for many, many years. And so, it was a distinct privilege to perform before him on a pleasant, spring day last June. I have always been excited about the prospect of testing. I approach these events, now long in between, with great anticipation and when the welcomed day finally arrives, I do my utmost to exhibit enthusiasm, precise technique and authentic martial spirit. I always treat the process as a celebration of my hard-earned skills rather than with the apparent stress that characterizes a typical test in its truest sense. Still, not everyone agrees with this outlook. Many view a belt test, especially impatient parents, as an imposition of significant proportions. Why not simply present the student with a new belt during class when the instructor deems them ready? Why consume four or five hours out of a weekend, usually four times a year, when the average individual can barely find the time to attend weekly classes? Naturally, there are pros and cons to any process of this nature. Yet, depending on how the event is administrated, to most students of the traditional martial arts, the benefits far outweigh any inconveniences that might materialize. For my part, I have officiated over a myriad of promotion examinations and have learned how to maximize the time allotted. To begin with, at the Chosun Taekwondo Academy, we always start our tests on schedule and move through the ranks efficiently while maintaining the dignity of the occasion. Not a moment is wasted with misdirection or unnecessary repetition. All techniques are assigned their proper count and a comprehensive agenda is followed to the letter. Generally, thirty to forty adult black belts are present to assist with command, control and wood breaking. Furthermore, the vast majority of participants are expected to pass based on the fact that they have been invited to test only when it is clear that they are sufficiently in possession of their required techniques.

44 November 2011 /

Consequently, belts of proper size and color, to be awarded at the completion of the test, are ordered well in advance and labeled with each studentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s name. Failure to execute any of the above procedures can result in precious minutes and even hours being added to an already lengthy process. While we expect unremitting patience and discipline from students and spectators alike, we reciprocate by demonstrating, through example, that their time is unconditionally respected. Belt tests offer the added advantage of bringing members together in a communal setting. Since we provide unlimited classes, students frequently attend a diverse cross section of sessions, often never interfacing with one another. Subsequently, these occasions partially alleviate this sense of division by uniting black belts with color belts, men with women and adults with children. More than once I have overheard neighbors commenting that, even though they live in close proximity, they were unaware both trained in Tae Kwon Do and, what appears to be a coincidence, at the same school; bonds are realized and social networks established. Of course, an expression of community is not the prime concern of a belt test, precision performance under pressure is. The promotion process by design mirrors the brand of stress unique to most selfdefense scenarios presuming the practitioner is truly under attack. Courage, tenacity and focus are required when being scrutinized by a panel of often unfamiliar black belt seniors stationed at a head table strictly for that purpose. Our promotion examinations routinely attract a few hundred students and spectators and are overseen by at least six resident and guest masters. Performing difficult technical maneuvers before an assemblage this large can often conjure fear, bordering on panic, in otherwise self-assured

individuals. This reaction is more common than one would imagine. Yet, after repeatedly experiencing the ritual of a test, coupled with the tension associated with it, even the most timid student begins to acclimate to the process and cultivate indomitable will; a life skill that can be invoked in any situation where valor must trump adversity. It should be remembered that the belt system currently used in Tae Kwon Do, Tang Soo Do, Karatedo and other classical martial arts was originally instigated by Jigoro Kano, founder of Judo, in the 1880s and propagated as were supplementary martial practices, by Kentsu Yabu and others during the infancy of the 20th century. Once this material symbol of achievement took hold, it naturally followed that a formula for granting promotion and awarding the appropriate belt would develop. The contemporary model thus acts as a highly effective barometer for proficiency carried out in a formalized setting before a panel of judges. It has evolved into a system of measurable goals; a tradition, valued by many, that extended throughout the formative years of Tae Kwon Do within the halls of the Chung Do Kwan,

Moo Duk Kwan and other primordial institutes right up to the present. Of course, the individual elements that comprise a belt test can vary from school to school. However, as was the case during the 1950s at the Song Moo Kwan in Korea, most dojangs featuring a comprehensive, pure-form Tae Kwon Do curriculum employ the promotion process to gauge skill in basics (kibon), forms (poomsae, hyung, tul), one and three-step sparring (il su sik/sam su sik), self-defense (ho sin sool), sparring (kyorugi) and, finally, breaking (kyuk pa); components representing the virtual catalog of traditional Tae Kwon Do. It is difficult to quantify the sense of achievement generated by a well-run belt test. Students invariably conclude exuding a sense of confidence and renewed enthusiasm. They eagerly await their next class and the opportunity to learn new poomsae coupled with advanced techniques. The promotion process offers a vehicle for maintaining precision and passion for the art. But, above all, it provides a singular opportunity for the student to demonstrate the true heart of Tae Kwon Do and shine before their instructors, peers and family.

Master Doug Cook, a sixth-dan black belt, is head instructor of the Chosun Taekwondo Academy located in Warwick, New York, a senior student of Grandmaster Richard Chun, and author of three best-selling books entitled: Taekwondoâ&#x20AC;ŚAncient Wisdom for the Modern Warrior, Traditional Taekwondo Core Techniques, History and Philosophy, and Taekwondoâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;A Path to Excellence, focusing on the rewards and virtues of tae kwon do, all published by YMAA of Boston. Master Cook and Grandmaster Chun have just completed a new book on Original and Kukki Koryo poomsae targeted for publication in 2013. He can be reached for lectures, workshops or questions at or

Playing Football the Martial Artist's Way

Master Thomas Gordon By Master Monty Hendrix

It was 2008 when I received a phone call from my good friend Master Thomas Gordon, proclaiming, “I’m going to play semi-pro football.” We’ve known each other since 2004 when he invited me to teach a series of weapons seminars at his dojang and we have become great friends. He is also certified through me as an apprentice instructor in Sigung Paul Vunak’s Contemporary Jeet Kune Do and Philippine martial arts system. After a moment of silence, I responded, “You are almost 40 years old! Plus, you don’t even watch the Super Bowl. Have you ever even played football?” He replied, “I played flag football in P.E. class when I was in middle school.” Coming from a football family where my father was a former head football coach, I countered, “I don’t care if you are almost 6’3” tall and weigh 290 lbs., why would you do this to your body?” Always the consummate martial artist, Master Gordon simply replied, “The challenge of it!” As ludicrous as it all sounded, he did say one thing that told me he might just come through this ‘midlife’ adventure in one piece, “I really think that all my years of martial arts training and conditioning will keep me healthy and safe.” He was correct. He went on to play three seasons on two different football teams while growing Gordon Martial Arts, a successful TKD and Hapkido dojang in Crestview, Florida where he hosts some incredible events each year. Plus, he is the president and owner of his family founded HVAC business, Gordon Air Conditioning. Looking back, I had a few questions for Master Gordon about his experience playing semi-pro football and how his martial arts helped him. MH: I know you have an extensive martial arts background and with the continued success of the Korean Martial Arts Festival that you host in Crestview, Florida each April (April 20-22, 2012), you are becoming prominent in the martial arts world. Can you share with me some of the memories and highlights of your martial arts background? Master Gordon: Three great memories immediately come to mind: Opening Gordon’s Martial Arts Center, going to Korea with the National Korean Martial Arts Association (NKMAA) on a World Kido Federation (WKF) sponsored trip and watching both my daughters test for black belt with grandmasters on their testing panels. Also, I am very proud of earning my sixth-degree black belt in Taekwon-Do with Grandmaster KS Hwang (ITF K-9-1) and Grandmaster Rudy Timmerman (NKMAA/WKF) both sitting on the judges’ panel. GM Hwang is the founder of the Unified International Taekwon-Do Federation

Master Thomas Gordon

(U-ITF) and was one of only a handful of men ever promoted to ninth-degree grandmaster (the highest ITF rank) directly by General Choi Hong Hi. GM Timmerman was promoted to ninth-degree black belt by the WKF and is the founder of National Korean Martial Art Association (NKMAA). It was an incredible honor to earn my TKD sixth-degree from both the U-ITF and NKMAA. / November 2011


MH: You are also ranked in Hapkido through NKMAA as well, correct?

Master Gordon & GM Geoff Booth Photo by Stace Sanchez

Master Gordon: Yes, I’ve also earned my thirddegree in Hapkido under GM Timmerman and NKMAA. MH: Do you hold any positions in the organizations you are a member? Master Gordon: I am currently the Florida State Director for NKMAA and I was honored to be their 2008 Master of the Year. Additionally, I am the Webmaster and on the membership committee for the U-ITF. MH: I know you have hosted some outstanding events and elite level masters. Can you name a few? Master Gordon: I recently hosted the 8th Annual Hub City Championships and I have hosted many special guests for seminars in recent memory including: Dan “The Beast” Severn (UFC/MMA Champion), GM Rhee, Ki Ha (ITF UK-9-1), GM KS Hwang, Professor George Kirby (BJJY), GM Rudy Timmerman, GM Geoff Booth (Sinmoo), GM James McMurray (WKF), Master Marlin Simms (Kuk Sool) and a host of other excellent master level instructors. MH: What events do you have coming up? Master Gordon: Currently, I’m preparing the sixth annual Korean Martial Art Festival (April 20-22, 2012) which I host in Crestview, Florida. Some of the top grandmasters and masters will be there teaching. That event alone takes nearly 12 months to plan and there are already five well-known grandmasters on the agenda to teach. You can get more information at Also, I’ve been working closely with Master Jamie Moore from Australia and Grandmaster Hwang (K-9-1) for many months to host the Grand World Taekwon-Do Championships (Summer 2012) in Crestview, Florida with divisions for junior, adult and senior. There will also be team events with unlimited teams from countries. This 48 November 2011 /

is an open event to all ITF and Chang Hun type schools regardless of affiliation. There is more info at www.worldchamps2012. com. MH: When did you open up Gordon Martial Arts Center? Master Gordon: Actually, in 1996 my good buddy and fellow martial artist, Gregory Bledsoe and I opened a small school together in Florala, Alabama. We ran it about five years until the gym we subleased closed. By then I was getting a little perturbed with the association where we were members and it was time for a change. I had a great instructor in Mr. Wesley Wing and it made it tough to leave. Luckily, I met Masters Joe and Terri Poff. They were both good to me and Master Joe Poff really took me under his wing and helped me learn the Chang-Hon version of TKD. I opened up Gordon Martial Arts back in our hometown of Crestview, Florida as a full-time school. Mr. Bledsoe came on board as an instructor and is still a staple at Gordon Martial Arts. Soon thereafter, I had the good fortune of finding GM KS Hwang and GM Rudy Timmerman. MH: When and why did you start football? Master Gordon: I saw a flier for a start-up semipro team. I’m not sure why I even considered it since I’ve never liked team sports. My best friend John told me I was too old for football. Of course, he’s the same guy who told me I was too big for martial arts when I got serious about it as a teenager. Regardless, I decided football would be a great challenge. At the first practice I confessed that I have never played football. Hey, at least I have no bad habits. Unfortunately, I don’t even understand how the game is played. I went home and told my family about practice and my 16-year-old daughter Tiffany says how “cool” it is that her dad is playing football. Her little sister Felicia agrees. There are few “cool” moments for the dad of a 16-year-old, so I decided I would give it a go.

MH: What was the biggest challenge in football? Master Gordon: The first team had some great guys and the coaches had a lot of heart but the organization for the team just wasn’t there. After a few months of practice, we had our first game. We were to meet on game day at 3:30 p.m. and ride together to the stadium. However, it turns out that the team didn’t actually own a bus. So they bought one on the way to pick up the team. No one actually test drove it, they just “looked it over real good.” The team gets picked up, but we all get back off the bus because our jerseys have finally arrived and we need to see if they fit. We finally pull out of the parking lot at 4:30 p.m., but wait, we have no gas and it turns out the bus can only go 50 mph! As we pull into Pensacola for the game, we ask if anyone knows where the stadium is located. All we hear is “no.” Luckily, my buddy has GPS on his phone. So, we find the stadium at 6:15 for a 7:00 game. For some reason that I’ll never know, we played our first game against the #7 rated amateur football team in the country. We walk onto the field and find out that one third of our team doesn’t have complete gear. Some of the players had to swap out gear throughout the game while others were playing ironman (offense and defense). We actually had only picked up our offensive line coach, Mr. Barry Taylor, the week before. So it wasn’t like we were exactly a wellgreased, playing machine and everything was a little off. On the first snap, the defensive end hit me so hard I thought he knocked my teeth loose. We even ran out of water cups before half time. Luckily, the good Lord showed us some mercy and the game finally ended, but only after three hours of entertainment. They beat us 59-0. An opponent made the cardinal mistake They had around of crossing his feet 60 players and we and was taken down

only had 32. Heck, I was glad we kept them down to eight touch downs and a three-point field goal! To put a cap on the evening, our bus ran out of gas on the way home from the game. The first game was a real comedy of errors, but I loved it, even though we got severely beaten. And I learned a lot, because I got to play offensive tackle every time we had the ball. We continued to improve and things kept getting better and better, particularly after Coach Taylor took over as the head coach later in the season. MH: What was your biggest challenge as a martial artist playing football? Master Gordon: As a player, the hardest part was getting in front of the opponent and clashing with him. I’m so used to side stepping and redirecting. However, I got used to it and even got to where I enjoyed the good solid hit from the defensive end. MH: Were there ever any instances where you used martial arts during a game? Master Gordon: On one occasion, the right guard was an Adonis-looking fellow that hit pretty darn hard. He liked to run his hands into my pads and shove them up into my chin and sometimes, by accident I’m sure, he’d run his hands over my facemask. I also felt like he had an unfair advantage— he was muscular but lacked the weight to have his level of strength. So after about three plays, my fun meter was pegged out. I took a little advantage of my own by “chopping” down on the radial nerve in his forearm. He sat out for the rest of the first and second quarter. MH: What about football was easy because of the martial arts training? Master Gordon: Honestly, NOTHING just “came” easy, but thanks to martial arts coupled with

by Gordon. / November 2011


Tom’s mother and father came out to watch the game.

weight training I was the most flexible and strongest guy on the team. Unfortunately, I was also the oldest. Luckily, my martial arts training requires that I work my cardio, so running and conditioning was easier for me than a lot of the guys. The biggest thing that long-term martial arts training did for me was that I never sustained any injuries other than a jammed index finger for those last two seasons. Linemen are always dinged up so I felt fortunate that I didn’t get hurt during the three seasons I played. I attribute that fact extensively to my martial arts work out regimen. MH: What about the flip side of the coin. Did anything about playing football improve your martial arts and how? Master Gordon: Football gave me another perspective to martial arts. In the end, for a lineman, football is all about leverage, speed and power. Although the application is different from martial arts, there are principles that cross-apply. Football also helped me understand team effort, which can be rather foreign to many martial artists. MH: Did you gain anything from football that you were able to infuse into the classes at Gordon Martial Arts? Master Gordon: Football did give me some exciting drills that I can apply to my martial arts classes. However, football is a different animal all together than martial arts. MH: Coach Barry Taylor had some inspiring things to say about you. He said, “The obvious conditioning of the body and mind from martial arts was a tremendous edge. In any drill, exercise or game, Tom Gordon always gave 110%. The refreshing effort, from a coaching perspective, was extremely appreciated. Martial arts sometimes teach the opposite of what is necessary in football. 50 November 2011 /

Because of his discipline and his mental capacity, he would get over these obstacles relatively easy. His maturity was obvious and the team members saw and began to try and emulate it. I wish I had 40 Tom Gordons on my team.” Master Gordon: Coach Taylor was a great coach and it was an honor to play for him. He was also the head coach of my second team, The Crestview Thunderbirds. MH: Didn’t you try to buy your first team? Master Gordon: I offered after my first season but they were too far out there on the price. They folded and I started the Crestview Thunderbirds where I played two more seasons. The current commissioner selected me to play offensive tackle for the PSFL (Premier South Football League) All Star game. That was huge for me since I was so new to football. MH: Yes, he sent in a reply on why you were selected for the All Star Game saying, “Tom played better than most 22-year-olds who were still chasing their dream of the NFL. The reason I selected Tom for the All Star game is because he was one of the better OT’s in the league. He represented his team and the PSFL well.” That’s a very bold statement, how did you feel about being drafted for the All Star game? Master Gordon: Very candidly, I wasn’t sure if I was drafted because I was a team owner or because I deserved the spot. Lets be honest here, I’m still basically a rookie and for this game, I’m an old man. So I called Paul and asked him about it and he assured me that I had earned the spot. People may think being selected for All Star would boost your ego. For me, it was humbling as I was certainly fortunate and blessed.

MH: Besides continuing to grow Gordon’s Martial Art Center as well as your incredible annual event, the Korean Martial Arts Festival, what do you have on the horizon? Master Gordon: We are doing a lot of work with the local law enforcement agency through our Hapkido program. In fact, the Crestview Chief of Police, Chief Brian Mitchell, recently wrote me a letter in which he said, “The Hapkido instruction that Crestview police officers have been participating in at Gordon Marital Arts is having a positive impact. Each officer has expressed a genuine appreciation for the Hapkido martial art due to the practical application it has in their law enforcement duties. I see first hand the police officers’ confidence grows with every new principle and technique they have learned from you and your instructors.” It is comments like this that really make all the effort and sacrifice worth it. It also makes me feel good to continue to spread Korean martial arts on a local and international level. For more information on Master Gordon and his school, visit ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Master Monty Hendrix owns three full-time dojangs in North Carolina and is a graduate from the Journalism School at UNC-Chapel Hill. You can contact him through

Breaking 10 concrete blocks.

“The first time I met Thomas was on the field during an injury timeout. The Thunderbird Coach was very agitated about the game and we were arguing the call. Then out of the corner of my eye I see this giant with a big smile and I said to myself, ‘how can an offense lineman have a smile on his face during this kind of heat and a game where they were losing pretty badly?’ Through our many conversations I now see why he could smile and his story on how he decided he should be an offense tackle was inspiring. With my former position as Director of Operation with the PSFL, I was able to share 11 years of experience building and developing teams. You know there is a saying you can lead a horse to water but you can’t make them drink. With that said, my philosophy in life is to be a sponge and soak up all the knowledge I can, but most team owners at this level think they know it all. Some of them are willing to listen and some thirst for my knowledge, and boy was Thomas thirsty for knowledge! “For a person that has never played the sport of football and only using his business knowledge from operating his HVAC and martial arts companies to build a football team is amazing to me and should be an inspiration to anyone that if you put your mind to something, anything can be accomplished. Helping team owners and players accomplish their goals has always been a passion for me and seeing an owner or player succeed and achieve the individual goals makes me feel like a proud father. So I consider Thomas one of my football children, and I’m very proud of his accomplishments as an owner and a player.” —Dan Todd, former PSFL Director of Operations

“Thanks again for organizing and hosting the 5th annual Korean Martial Arts Festival. This was and is an amazing event. Over the past 25 years I have not participated in any other annual event that compares to this one. The level of instruction is among the best. The caliber of martial artists’ skill is beyond reproach. The atmosphere of martial arts brotherhood is recognizable even from the most inexperienced participant. I will continue to recommend and support this event as long as you continue to host it.” —Chief Master Kevin Janisse, NKMAA / November 2011



Real world self-defense is not a sport, and that means two very important and very specific things: staying alive and staying out of jail. This author spent some time with Dave Young, of United States Fighting Systems (USFS), talking, sitting in on a lecture and going through one of his 4-hour training classes to give you a chance to learn how to win. Regarding the first, staying alive, Dave likes to say: “With self-defense, you can’t afford to be 10 and 1.” Martial arts build a solid foundation for learning to deal with potentially dangerous situations on the street, but students should never confuse the two. Conventional martial arts are structured to be sports, with a variety of elements to keep them safe—mats, time limits, weight classes, rules, and referees. If you are attacked on the street (or in the hallways at school, or in a bar), you can’t just throw in the towel when things go badly. Unlike martial arts, the kind of selfdefense that can keep you alive and safe can’t take years to learn. While you can wait to compete in tournaments until you feel ready, there’s no way of knowing when you might need hardcore survival techniques to defend your life. What is more, doing the wrong thing in a tournament can get you disqualified, but in a real-life confrontation, doing the wrong thing can result in lawsuits and jail time. In 2010, Dave came to the conclusion that the same approach he had been using for years to teach defensive tactics and use of force to groups in security and law enforcement was desperately needed as an add-on to complement traditional martial arts training. With that goal in mind, he set out to develop a program that met his criteria for real-world self-defense that can be used in martial arts schools throughout the world to train individuals (regardless of age, gender or physical capability) how to defend themselves if attacked—and to win, both on the street and in the courtroom. The result was U.S. Fighting Systems.

$AVE9OUNG Dave graduated from his first police academy in 1985, and over the past 26 years his field experience has included law enforcement officer in the state of Florida, gate sentry, patrol officer, watch commander, investigator, Special Reaction Team (SRT) member and commander in the United States Marine Corps. He also helped design the training program for Marine MP’s in overlapping military-civilian jurisdictions. In his role as an expert and trainer, his background branched out even further. From 2005-2008, Dave hosted a National Geographic television series Crash Test Human. The show focused on Dave’s expertise with product testing and evaluation, and included him surviving a headon car collision, being trapped in a submerged car and spending time in a hyperbaric chamber. Dave has been featured in many police publications, the Wall Street Journal, National Esquire and People, for his innovative defense tactics and his dedication to survival training. Dave and Gary Klugiewicz, a fellow director at Vistelar Group, the parent organization for USFS, is a member of the Police Training Advisory Board, which provides feedback and quality assessment to law enforcement agencies.

"RINGINGIN2EALITY When working with professional law enforcement organizations, there is a certain prerequisite level of strength and fitness that provides a baseline, but in situations like a traditional martial arts school, the biggest challenge is working within the wide range of physical limitations the students bring to the training program. At the same time, Dave explains, “the level of dedication, the spirit, and the self-discipline are very high in martial arts students, and that similarity allows us to easily / November 2011


create the same kind of training atmosphere and bring many of the same expectations that we use with law enforcement professionals.” One of the forgotten realities of real-world training is that on the street, the real fight starts after you’ve been hit. As soon as that happens and your brain registers that this is a real danger, not a sporting event, your brain and body systems shift gears, so success requires a specific kind of training. Fine motor skills require thinking, but actions like gripping, grabbing, kicking out; those things are rooted in the mid brain. That’s the part that runs the sympathetic nervous system, and it’s the part we have to be able to rely on in high-stress confrontations, because the confrontation will shift control away from our forebrain, the parasympathetic nervous system and fine motor activities. (While the systemic reaction and interactions are somewhat more complex than this, it is a helpful model.) Among other things, this shift means that complicated techniques, and even the strategic thinking used in sparring and tournaments, have gone out the window. As a result, successfully integrating programs like this into a school can’t just be done “at the end of class.” While some of the specific ingredients will be discussed below, the basic idea is that the students need to change into a whole different mind space for this training. A successful selfdefense program, like USFS, will focus around dedicated workshops and training days.

“You only remember under stress, if you practiced under stress.” Now part of that depends on how the techniques are designed, for instance, keeping the number of steps or elements in a technique down to three. Another way to help make the program easy to remember is to keep the number of separate and specialized techniques to a minimum—for instance, the USFS program uses as many of the same techniques as possible on the ground as we do in stand-up situations. Not only does this provide for continuity and conformity throughout, but it also increases the speed of recall and the speed of execution under stress. The heart of successfully embedding responses deep into a student’s reaction though, is the use of different levels of simulation gradually approaching a more and more realistic scenario. The USFS program uses nine different levels of escalating simulation, building on the work of Gary Klugiewicz, a use-of-force expert with 25 years of law enforcement experience. At the lower levels, the types of simulations would include such things as shadow drills by yourself and practicing with props (for instance grabbing or holding the simulation guns). At this level, the students might be practicing one specific technique. As training moves up the scale of simulation, it would add in working with partners, use of verbal simulations (the attacker issuing threats and shouting, you practicing pleading to engage while you close distance), and the possibility of needing various techniques. Approaching the top end of the scale, the program would pile on background noise, simulated injuries, and additional accomplices among the bystanders. I can testify that thinking you know a technique and being able to pull it off when you have fingers taped to splints to simulate broken bones, or trying to orient when wearing goggles that mess with

,EVELSOF3IMULATION A real-world self-defense program helps you remember your training when confronted with fear and stress during and after a potentially lifethreatening confrontation. As Young expresses, Dave Young

54 November 2011 /

your vision like an eye injury, are two very different levels of confidence and speed. Repeatedly during the training, Dave reminded us that if we consistently aim at 100% response in correct execution of the technique that will still only translate to about 70-80% correct performance under real, live adrenaline-dump stress, so think of what aiming our practice at less than 100% would mean.

/NLY0ARTOFTHE"ATTLE The encounter is not over when the attacker is down. That bears repeating: the encounter is not over when the attacker is down. In some ways you are entering a territory that is almost as dangerous for you and your loved ones as the attack itself. Dave points out that, “Self-restraint under combative conditions is almost never covered sufficiently, sometimes even by other programs that call themselves ‘reality-based’.” Once we practiced disarming or defending against attacks, Dave had us practice (over and over . . . and over) dealing with bystanders, calling the police, and dealing with police officers once they arrive on the scene. This was remarkable, and most of it would never occur to a person who just survived an attack. From the beginning of the encounter, and even after the attacker is down, your actions must be courtroom defensible, which means the student needs to be able to verbally explain what happened, but also must be able to justify their actions. The philosophy of the USFS program has a ranking of safety concerns: yours come first in a confrontation, second, surprisingly, is the safety of the bad guy, third comes the safety of any bystanders, and then fourth is the safety of the public impression. Let’s talk about two and four, though, because it would be easy to misunderstand, if you have not had law enforcement training. The safety of the bad guy refers to your use (or escalation) of force. If you have the gun, and have told him to lie still, and he does, you’re not allowed to shoot him (or even kick him). If the bad guy tries to run away, let him. Attempting to restrain him or shooting him in the leg is not an option. At the point where the immediate threat has been neutralized, you must not cross the fine line that would make you into an attacker. The safety of the public image has to do with an awareness of what your actions will seem like to an

eyewitness or to a jury. Yes, it might seem strange to worry about that when you have just survived a dangerous encounter, but that’s why this training can be so valuable. As Dave Young explains, “You can win in criminal court and still lose in civil court.” Did you try less lethal options first? Was there evidence that the person was still a threat? You have to be prepared to answer these and similar questions. When it comes to elements that will be judged in court, you have to be able to indicate that other rational people with similar training and experience would have done the same thing. You also have to be able to justify that you had good reasons to think this was the best option available at the time. In fact, the legal aspects of the program are so important that if one of the students from a USFS program has to actually use the techniques in real life, Dave or one of his trained, certified instructors will come in and testify in court on your behalf. It’s strange to cover a topic like this, because while some articles leave you with a feeling that you know a lot more than you did at the beginning of the piece, some leave you with a feeling that you might know less than you thought you did, and some do a little of both. If this discussion about real-life survival on the street and in the courtroom falls into that last group, take heart, because the training seminars with Dave Young had the same effect—I feel much more prepared for the scenarios we trained for, but distinctly aware of how many more of these workshops (and constant practice) I need for a wide range of other scenarios and situations. To learn more about USFS training programs, visit or contact them at Erik Richardson is a Certified Sports Nutritionist in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he practices two different martial arts. With graduate degrees in philosophy, education, and business, he is currently President of Richardson Ideaworks, Inc., which specializes in education and corporate training. / November 2011


By Dylan Presman

There is a scientific formula that explains how to break a board in Tae Kwon Do:


(force equals mass times acceleration). If you spend enough time contemplating this, it can give you significant insight. The formula tells us that the two most important aspects of breaking a board are how much mass you get to the board and how quickly you get it there.

By emphasizing the role of mass in breaking, the formula reminds us that it is critical that we involve the whole body, not just the hand. The average man weighs a little under 200 lbs.; the average manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hand weighs around 1 lb. This proportion holds true for all people; the whole body has a mass that is almost 200 times that of a hand. Any good break starts from the hips and thighs, whether you are breaking with your hand or foot. When you start a break with your hips and thighs, you involve the whole body, bringing significantly more mass to bear on the board.

The second aspect of the formula is speed. The faster the hand or foot is moving, the more power it brings. The formula reminds us not to be tentative as we go to make a break, but to slam the hand or foot into the board with as much speed as possible. However, letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s face it, you have to be some kind of geek to consciously use scientific formulas in your breaking techniques. And frankly, it isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t realistic to think that such an explanation is going to bring benefit to most Tae Kwon Do students.

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Instead, I like to think about Instead ab my own personal formula for successful breaking—the four P’s of perfection in Tae Kwon Do; Power, Precision, Placement, and sPeed. : Power starts in your brain as you focus all of your personal energy onto the one target spot on the board in front of you. Power is unleashed as you simultaneously slam your hand or foot into the board and kiyap, exploding your energy through the board. Your hand or foot is just the tool used to break the board, like a batter uses a baseball bat. The hand or foot cannot do it alone, the way a baseball bat can’t hit a homerun on its own. If a batter used only his hand and arm to swing the bat, he would never be able to hit the ball out of the park. The hips and thighs are the true engines of the powerhitter and every major league slugger knows that the more of the body involved in the swing, the further the ball will travel. Likewise, in Tae Kwon Do, only by harnessing the full power of your body and focusing it on the board, can you make kindling out of a plank of wood using only your hand or foot. : Precision means meticulously executing your attack of choice (hand strike or kick). There is a right and wrong way to execute any breaking technique. While it may seem obvious, too often a novice breaker will simply hurl their hand or foot at the board and wonder why it does not break. It is not complicated if they do what they are supposed to do, properly. : It does not matter if a particular move is executed with the greatest precision possible if it does not land on target. Breaking techniques illustrate the key elements of Tae Kwon Do, especially the importance of placement. If you hit the board too high or two low, all of the power you are projecting into the board will reverberate back into you, causing pain. Where you place your strike makes all the difference between success and failure. This is equally true with other Tae Kwon Do activities. In sparring, a perfectly placed and executed sidekick is devastating. But if that kick is six inches wide of the target, it will glance ineffectually off the opponent’s torso, leaving you vulnerable to counterattack. : I know, speed does not actually start with a P, but it is such a crucial part of successful breaking that it cannot be ignored. Just as the scientific formula shows, speed is critical. A well-executed technique implemented in slow motion will not break the board. There is no place for hesitancy or tentativeness. In breaking, we must avoid the subconscious urge to slow down to avoid getting hurt because, in fact, the sure way to guarantee pain is to hit the board with some power but no speed. The faster the hand (or foot) arrives at the board, the better the chances are that the board will splinter. If your breaking technique has good power, precision, placement and speed then you will successfully smash the board and reflecting on the four Ps can help focus the mind and the actions on the four elements that are critical to success. Each element takes practice to perfect and concentration to execute. However, by working through the four P’s, every student can master breaking techniques and feel the exquisite focused power of Tae Kwon Do. / November 2011


Although this article is about breaking techniques, what applies to breaking applies to all of Tae Kwon Do. The four P’s are not just the key to successful breaking, they are the key to success in all facets of Tae Kwon Do training. We do breaking techniques because they encapsulate all of the critical aspects of Tae Kwon Do; focus, technique, power, etc. If you apply the four P’s to other aspects of Tae Kwon Do training, they will serve you just as well. Concentrate on your power, precision, placement and speed while sparring and you will outclass your opponent. Focus on the four P’s when executing your poomsae and your execution will improve significantly. The four P’s offer a roadmap toward perfecting your breaking techniques as well as all other aspects of your Tae Kwon Do training. ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Dylan Presman has a third-degree black belt in Tae Kwon Do and is head instructor at the Han Su Tae Kwon Do School in Silver Spring, Maryland.

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Master Cook and students training in poomsae at Tong-Il Jeon shrine in South Korea.

Long before the advent of sport sparring and the invention of modern safety gear, in a time when to fight meant to defend one’s life from almost certain death, an ingenious method of transmitting martial arts skills from venerated master to loyal disciple was developed. Legend has it that experienced warriors returning unscathed from combat, a testimony in and of itself to their martial prowess, mimicked techniques used to vanquish opponents on the field of battle for the benefit of those less qualified in the ways of war. This ritual may have been practiced around a campfire, in secret gardens or in the incense-filled halls of ancient Buddhist temples lending credence to the notion that the dynamic practice of formal exercises has existed for centuries. Several examples demonstrating this concept can be traced back to antiquity with roots found in primitive works of art and ancient yogic postures originally intended to promote health and core strength in sedentary clerics. Today, poomsae, hyung or tul—all culturally-specific terms for Korean martial arts patterns—can be defined as choreographed sequences of techniques aimed at defeating multiple attackers originating from various directions. They can also be thought of as “quality shapes of strength” representing the comprehensive catalog of Traditional and Kukki Tae Kwon Do skills. Moreover, poomsae demonstratively symbolize the essence of the art and can be distilled down into two discrete categories—those created in modern times as opposed to those tracing their pedigree to primordial practices.

60 November 2011 /

In an effort to quantify the significance of this division, we must first appreciate that the formal exercises found in Tae Kwon Do today were not created in a vacuum. Rather, an analysis of the historical evidence at hand reveals that empty-hand fighting arts, in conjunction with their associated formal exercises, developed naturally across continents as various cultures adapted to cope with the dangers posed by increased trade and human aggression accompanied by imperialist desire. Still, the need to practice prearranged chains of combat tactics in a relatively relaxed environment devoid of mayhem and death was apparently universal. In his book, Moving Zen, Shotokan Karate-do practitioner C.W. Nicol describes forms practice as “a dynamic dance; a battle without bloodshed or vanquished.” He further goes on to say that, “we are somehow touching the warrior ancestry of all humanity” and that “of all the training in karate, none is more vigorous, demanding or exhilarating than the sincere performance of kata.” From this we can see that poomsae training, if approached in a traditional manner, not only cultivates defensive and offensive proficiency coupled with ki (internal energy) development, but establishes a profound link with masters of the past who clearly did not perform formal exercises merely for physical fitness as some would claim, but as a means of collating hard-earned martial skills often fostered on the field of battle or in the supercharged atmosphere of some distant training hall, for the benefits of students across the Anko Itosu centuries. In order to fully understand the complete history, philosophy and martial applications of Tae Kwon Do poomsae, hyung or tul, one must openly and without bias, take into account the role Okinawan/ Japanese kata and Chinese taolu played in their creation. In 1901, on the Ryukyu archipelago, Yasutsune “Anko” Itosu (18301915) introduced Karate into the mainstream curriculum of

the Shuri Jinjo Elementary School and, later, throughout the Okinawan educational system as a whole with the long range goal of cultivating physical fitness and character enrichment in adolescents. This worthy objective was partially accomplished by practicing sanitized versions of the Pinan (Peaceful Mind) kata created by Itosu. Since, at least for school children, self-defense was not the prime focus of training the practical applications of techniques within the forms were intentionally masked in ambiguity or eliminated altogether. This method of instruction represented a major shift in formal exercise training that would have ramifications far into the future. Criticized for diluting the fundamental purpose of kata, and thus Karate in general since forms represented the core of the art, Itosu later wrote, “You must decide whether your kata is for cultivation of health or for its practical use.” He further advised adult students to, “Always practice kata with its practical use in mind.” Yet, a further endorsement that kata represented a central pillar of Karate-do doctrine, awaited the appearance of Gichen Funakoshi (1868-1957) who in his youth, traveled the back roads between Naha and Shuri by lantern light to study with both Itosu and one of his colleagues, Yasutsune Azato (1828-1906), sub rosa. Funakoshi’s required repetition of a single kata under the vigilant eye of Azato day in and day out, often for months on end, to the point of humiliation, clearly instilled an appreciation for the formal exercises that he would carry across a lifetime. Funakoshi Gichen Funakoshi did not bring his Karate to Japan until 1922 while in his early fifties. Yet through a concerted effort by he and his third son Gigo (19061945), who emigrated to Tokyo in 1923 at the age of seventeen, significant changes were made to the traditional methods of teaching Okinawan Karate. By way of example, in an attempt to simplify the pronunciation of the Pinan kata, Funakoshi rechristened the nomenclature to Heian while altering certain prescribed stances and kicks. Likewise, Gigo is credited with the creation of ritual one-step sparring and the three Taikyoku, or Kihon kata that virtually mirror the Kicho patterns used today in traditional Tae Kwon Do. The Taikyoku set was generally used as a precursor to the more complex Heian kata.

Recognizing the vital roles Itosu, Azato and Funikoshi played in the proliferation of formal exercises brings us ever closer to the nexus of the correlation between Okinawan/Japanese kata and contemporary Tae Kwon Do poomsae, hyung or tul. Indisputably, Korean formal exercises were heavily influenced by events that occurred in neighboring countries shortly before, or concurrent with, the Japanese Occupation of the nation during the years of 1910 to 1945. Clearly, the practice of Karate required a deep understanding and respect for kata which continues to stand as a centerpiece of its practice to this day. This principle must surely have been inculcated in the minds of Chung Do Kwan founder Won Kook Lee (1907-2003), Byung In Yoon (1920-1983) of the Chang Moo Kwan, Hwang Kee (1914-2002) father of the Moo Duk Kwan and Choi Hong Hi (1918-2002) creator of the Oh Do Kwan, while studying in Japan under the direction of either Shudokan Karate founder Kanken Toyama (1988-1966) or Funikoshi. All of these innovators, soon destined to promote enduring martial traditions within the borders of their native land, returned home from abroad undoubtedly with practical knowledge of the Taikyoku, Pinan, Bassai, Jitte, Empi and Tekki kata—all considered traditional formal exercises—that would ultimately evolve into the Kicho, Pyung-Ahn, Balsek, Sip Soo, Yunbee and Chul-Ki hyung respectively of Tae Kwon Do. Throughout the 1950s and early 60s, when Tae Kwon Do, still referred to as Tang Soo Do and Kong Soo Do in many circles, was in its infancy, poomsae practice consisted largely of exercises derived from these Okinawan, Japanese and Chinese disciplines. As a result, the founding fathers of the original kwans or institutes, could not help but transmit the formal exercises they learned abroad while at university as their nation staggered under the weight of the Japanese Occupation. Nevertheless, a strong desire existed among many masters, Choi Hong Hi not being the least, to create patWon Kuk Lee terns with a distinctly Korean flavor. Consequently, in founding his style of Tae Kwon Do, Choi was the first to deviate from the past by developing the Chang Han set of formal exercises between 1955 and 1988 with the assistance of Tae Hi Nam, Young Il Kong, Cha Kyo Han, Chang Keun Choi, Jae Lim Woo, Kim Bok Man and Jung Tae Park, that bear the shadow of techniques culled from his training in Karate-do. Furthermore, as a tribute, Choi based the underlying definition of each pattern on personalities and concepts pivotal to Byung In Yoon / November 2011


Hwang Kee

Choi Hong Hi

Korean history. The Chang Han series of International Taekwon-do Federation (ITF) tul currently consists of twenty-four patterns and differs significantly from others in the fact that their movements subscribe to a wave or sign-curve motion of the body as it transitions from stance to stance, sequence to sequence.

The Kukkiwon in Seoul, South Korea

Following Choiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s exodus from Korea and the eventual entrenchment of the Korea Taekwondo Association coupled with the establishment of the Kukkiwon and World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) by a younger generation of practitioners not directly affected by Japanese instruction, three revolutionary sets of formal exercises were developed over the course of eight years in an effort to eliminate any vestige of foreign influence from the emerging art. Of these, the elder Palgwe and Yudanja series poomsae, created between 1965 and 1967, were intended to test the proficiency of color belt or gup level students, and dan or black belt practitioners, respectively. Partially inspired by the Pinan/Heian kata, the eight Palgwe poomsae reflect philosophical doctrines culled from the ancient Book of Changes or the I Ching and tend to emphasize low stances amplified by a variety of effective hand techniques. Moreover, technical components increase in complexity as they advance from one form to the next providing an effective barometer for rank advancement. Likewise, the Yudanja poomsae were crafted concurrent with the Palgwe set and at the time included Original Koryo, Keumgang, Taebaek, Pyongwon, Sipjin, Jitae, Cheonkwon, Hansoo and Ilyo, the latter eight of which continue to be sanctioned by the Kukkiwon and World Taekwondo Federation today. Aside from their technical

diversity, the Yudanja set follow lines of motion described by Chinese and Korean characters that depict the philosophical concept characterized by each poomsae and contain advanced techniques unique to the dan grade holder. The committee members participating in the formation of the Palgwe and Yudanja poomsae consisted of kwan representatives Keun Sik Kwak (Chung Do Kwan), Young Sup Lee (Song Moo Kwan), Kyo Yoon Lee (Han Moo Kwan), Hae Man Park (Chung Do Kwan), Jong Myung Hyun (Oh Do Kwan), Soon Bae Kim (Chang Moo Kwan) and Chong Woo Lee (Ji Do Kwan). Nevertheless, Tae Kwon Do is the child of change and has continued to evolve in complexity since its inception during the tumultuous midpoint of the twentieth century. Even today, technical enhancements are evident at almost every training venue one visits in Korea, Master Doug Cook practices the homeland of the art; Original Koryo at Bulguksa whether it is at universities Temple, South Korea. offering taekwondology as a major, or the Kukkiwon, center of taekwondo operations worldwide, the quest for modernization proceeds unabated. And so, it should come as no surprise that less than a decade after the introduction of the Palgwe set it was decided by committee to generate a new and innovative series of formal exercises in conjunction with a vastly revised version of Original Koryo. Born in 1972, the Taegeuk poomsae by decree effectively replaced the existing Palgwe set. This significant modification in the Tae Kwon Do curriculum of the time is thought to have been politically-oriented inasmuch as the Moo Duk Kwan was not represented during the formulation of the Palgwe series. Yet in a practical sense, the Taegeuk poomsae were exceptional in that they contained the upright high forward or walking stance and featured a greater percentage of kicking techniques than their forerunners. Moreover, as Tae Kwon Do began to evolve into a combat sport with Olympic aspirations, a method was required to teach and support the upright fighting stance used in sparring competition and these new poomsae satisfied that Poomsae Seminar in New York with Kukkiwon Grandmaster Jong Beom Park.

need. If viewed from above, the pattern of movements within these forms trace the Chinese symbol for “king”. Bearing the namesake of the Korean flag, the Taegeuk patterns share philosophical principles running parallel to those of the Palgwe series based on the powers or elements of the Universe. Concurrently with the creation of the Taegeuk series, Original Koryo was superseded by an intricate, new poomsae bearing the same name. Opening dramatically with a knife hand block in back stance quickly followed by two sides kicks of varying height, Kukki Koryo poomsae was deemed appropriately challenging for the black belt holder and a worthy vehicle to gauge proficiency for promotion to second-dan. Overseeing the developmental process of Kukki Koryo and the Taegeuk Master Cook and students practice poomsae at the Kukkiwon in Korea.

series was Keun Sik Kwak (Chung Do Kwan), Young Sup Lee (Song Moo Kwan), Kyo Yoon Lee (Han Moo Kwan), Hae Man Park (Chung Do Kwan), Jong Myung Hyun (Oh Do Kwan), Soon Bae Kim (Chang Moo Kwan) and Chong Woo Lee (Ji Do Kwan) with the addition of Young Ki Bae (Ji Do Kwan) and Young Tae Han (Moo Duk Kwan). Certainly, over the years, other patterns were created by first and second generation grandmasters including the seven Chil Sung hyung of Moo Duk Kwan Soo Bahk Do and the eighteen Songham formal exercises of American Taekwondo Association (ATA) Tae Kwon Do that reflect slightly divergent styles of Korean martial arts. Today, the required performance of poomsae, hyung or tul by Korean stylists, except for those engaged in the practice of ITF Taekwon-Do, varies greatly from organization to organization and school to school. Based on the 1970s edict by Kukkiwon that the Taegeuk series eclipse the Palgwe set completely, a vast majority of master instructors sadly jettisoned the latter in favor of the former altogether. Likewise, the original iteration of Koryo was replaced by the radically different version currently sanctioned by the World Taekwondo Federation, Kukkiwon and the Korea Taekwondo Association. Nevertheless, schools supporting a classical approach to training frequently include both the Palgwe set and what has now come to be known as Original Koryo in their present syllabus. Moreover, as an adjunct to the traditional curriculum, many poomsae or hyung, with a direct lineage to their Japanese/ Okinawan and Chinese kin are included as well. Although

altered somewhat to suit the basic parameters of Tae Kwon Do, we see evidence of this fact with the inclusion of formal exercises such as Balsek (Bassai), Chil-Ki (Tekki/Nihanji), Yunbee (Empi), Sip Soo (Jitte) and Jion, to name a few. Yet, just as the eum/yang or the duality of opposites predicts, formal exercise practice symbolizes a danger that cuts both ways; forfeiting poomsae training altogether in favor of strategies that focus exclusively on sport sparring represents a tragedy of grand proportions in denying the practitioner to experience the myriad benefits associated with the process. Likewise, attempting to master every pattern within the lexicon of Kukki and traditional Tae Kwon Do could, potentially, be of equal disservice since an in-depth analysis or hae sul of the practical applications embedded in the form may become blurred or ignored altogether. After all, as Funakoshi was fond of saying,“The old masters used to keep a narrow field but plough a deep furrow.” In many circles today, Grandmaster Chun performs it is said that if the traditional Chul-Ki Cho Dan for Chosun Taekwondo Academy students. methods of teaching Tae Kwon Do are to be preserved, it will occur in the West. This statement is partially based on the fact that major founders of the art no longer reside within the borders of Korea, but have long ago relocated here and abroad. Moreover, there exists a vast number of instructors outside the homeland of Tae Kwon Do who favor the practice of formal exercises coupled with practical self-defense techniques, both hallmarks of traditional Tae Kwon Do, over Olympic-style sparring and martial arts practice merely as a path to physical fitness. Clearly, it is this group who will safeguard the rich heritage of traditional Tae Kwon Do and act as fertile ground for the conservation and continued cultivation of the formal exercises unique to the art.

* This article is an excerpt from Taekwondo Poomsae: Original & Kukki Koryo, to be published by YMAA in 2013. ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Master Doug Cook, a sixthdan black belt, is head instructor of the Chosun Taekwondo Academy located in Warwick, New York, a senior student of Grandmaster Richard Chun, and author of three best-selling books entitled: Taekwondo…Ancient Wisdom for the Modern Warrior, Traditional Taekwondo - Core Techniques, History and Philosophy, and his most recent contribution, Taekwondo–A Path to Excellence, focusing on the rewards and virtues of tae kwon do, published by YMAA of Boston. Master Cook and Grandmaster Chun have just completed a new book on Original and Kukki Koryo poomsae targeted for publication in 2013. Master Cook can be reached for lectures, seminars or workshops at or / November 2011


Raising Awareness

By Alex Haddox

=da^YVnH]dee^c\HV[Zin Law enforcement agencies always report an increase in “snatch and grab” and “crimes of opportunity” around the holidays. Criminals are acutely aware that cars will be loaded with expensive gifts during the end-of-year shopping season. The good news is that a few simple techniques can better protect us from the lurking predators. Looking after children while simultaneously navigating crowds and carrying packages is distracting. That distraction, that lack of attention to the security of our surroundings is a huge threat. We must maintain our situational awareness at all times, although it is easier at some times more than others. When we are aware and alert we carry ourselves differently. Our body language says, “I see you” and “I am ready” which is a deterrent to an attacker. The robber wants a soft target; someone he can control and manipulate easily. He is not looking for a fight, just a quick and easy score. Walking with your head down, shoulders rolled while fumbling for your keys screams “victim” and “take my money.” Therefore, carry yourself upright; stand tall and confident. Another strategy is to travel in groups. Two or more people are harder to control than one and again, we want to make ourselves look like we are not worth the effort. Our children can be used against us in many circumstances, so they do not count as part of the “group.” When things start to go bad, a parent’s instinct is to immediately protect the child. Criminals know this and use it against us. So go shopping with a friend. Drag your spouse off the couch and out of the house. Also, if the store clerk asks, “Would you like help out with that?” say, “Yes.” It is a free service; you get an escort and help loading your car. An attacker is far more likely to pass over a group, even a small one, for an easier, lone target. Be certain to keep one hand free. Having both hands filled with bags makes us more vulnerable than if we have one hand free. Use a cart if needed, but keep that one hand available for support or defense. Similarly, if several trips are required to unload items, make the needed trips. We should avoid overburdening ourselves to the point where we look like a wobbly packhorse. Carrying too many items unbalances and dis-

64 November 2011 /

tracts us, limits our visibility and reduces our reaction time. As a rule of thumb, always remain alert and nimble. When it comes to cars, do not leave boxes, wrapped presents or store bags exposed. Anything left out is an invitation to smash the window. It does not matter how insignificant or inexpensive the item may be, hide it. A criminal will smash a $500 window for the change on the dashboard. Our expense or inconvenience means nothing to the criminal. If the bag looks like it might contain something of value, the thief will smash the window just to check. Car alarms are no deterrent to a smash and grab thief. He will be gone in less than ten seconds and most people ignore car alarms. So keep the goodies out of sight. Put them in the trunk. Pull the privacy shade over the bags and boxes in the back of the SUV. Do not just toss the bags in the back seat because it is convenient and hope the darkened side windows will offer protection (because they do not).

we will get the money back, eventually, but we could be out of that cash for up to two months. A credit card offers more barriers than ATM cards and as hard targets, we like barriers. It is easy to become distracted in the rush of the holiday sales. In order to remain safe, we must make an extra effort to avoid being caught up by the distractions. Always keep an eye open and a hand free for safety. Stay aware, stay safe!®

Another safety option is to valet park the car. In many areas, mostly in big cities, shopping malls will offer a free or under $10 valet service. Do not consider this a luxury, but rather a low-cost security option. Instead of trying to navigate a dangerous parking lot with stressed-out drivers swerving to and fro with hands full of bags or children, pay the few dollars and have the car brought to you. The safety and convenience is worth a few bucks. The final tip is to use a credit card or cash for all of your purchases rather than an ATM/Debit card. Our payment cards are passed around constantly while we shop and we cannot tell who is going to be honest or not. Additionally, stores hire on a lot of seasonal workers for the holiday shopping time. Although we may know and trust the stores, the person ringing up our sales may only be with the store for a matter of weeks or even a single weekend. These days, most credit card companies will not hold us accountable if a credit card is used fraudulently. Often we are only on the hook for $50. However, if an ATM card is used, the cash is drained directly from our checking account. Yes,

Hd`ZZei]Z \ddY^Zhdji d[h^\]i#

Alex Haddox has nearly two decades of combined traditional martial arts training in multiple styles including American Kenpo, Hapkido and Gracie Jiu-Jitsu. He also holds firearms instructor credentials and is a Level 3 instructor in Jim Wagner’s Reality-Based Personal Protection System. His company, Palladium Education, Inc., offers self-defense training to the general public and workplace violence prevention training to the health care industry. Additionally, he is the creator and host of a free weekly podcast called “Practical Defense” that is heard in over 100 countries. To learn more or contact Alex Haddox, visit / November 2011




By Master Guy Edward Larke When you think of class and style, what comes to mind? Gold, diamonds, luxurious fabrics, well designed hats and canes. In essence, a cane is a simple yet elegant accessory. It has been around for centuries and seems to stick to the same design—a long shaft (with a tip) topped by a rounded crook, that is finished by a short horn at the end. This simple “stick,” for lack of a better word, and its close cousin, the walking stick, are among the most common implements seen throughout the world in assisting in getting from one place to another. Like the fan and the staff, it has long been GM Mark Shuey, Sr., demonstrates cane technique.

66 November 2011 /

used in very effective self-defense techniques. It can sweep, trap, catch, choke, scrape, poke or smash a target. Other weapons have limited applications but a cane has near endless lethal possibilities. Enter the 20th century. Once again as with most concepts and traditions, the cane was put to the wayside. It slowly became a symbol of weakness and helplessness. Far from the fashion accessory and weapon it once was, people became terrified of it. The images it brought to mind were not pleasant to say the least. Even many older people considered using one the beginning of the end. Attached to this stigma was a slow erosion of respect for family values, in particular for the older generation. Whereas they used to be the heads of large families, the nuclear family pushed them away, leaving them on park benches and in over cramped, old age homes. With a decreased importance in the community came an increased vulnerability to the criminal element of our societies. With time it just got worse. Everyone “talked” about how terrible it was but no one

Success Story One A retired Marine Colonel who became a police officer had an accident and lost the use of both legs. He was going to rehabilitation one day when some rough guys kicked the cane out from under him. He became afraid to go out from that time on until one day he boarded a commercial flight and sat down next to a man with a cane. “What is your handicap or disability?” the retired colonel asked. “I have no handicap or disability,” the man said, “I use it for self-defense. I got the cane from Cane Masters.” Upon returning home, the retired colonel looked up Cane Masters and ordered a new cane and a self-defense training package. And he practiced, practiced, practiced. He is no longer afraid to go outside. One day an intruder entered his home. The retired colonel stopped the intruder with his cane and kept the assailant on the floor with his cane until the police arrived.

Success Story Two Three men were harassing a woman. One of the witnesses was a Cane Masters International Association (CMIA) member who had his cane with him. He approached the three men while doing some side twirls and a few figure-eights with the cane. The three men stopped cold and the police arrived. The woman was unharmed.

Success Story Three A former police officer and CMIA member was returning to his car from a doctor’s visit to find someone breaking into his vehicle. He walked up to his car quietly and whacked the potential car-jacker in the back of his knee. The guy limped away quickly and did not return. / November 2011


really seemed to want to do anything about it. That is until 1981… That year a successful martial arts competitor in Chuck Norris’s Tang Soo Do, Tae Kwon Do and Hapkido, Mark Shuey Sr., had to learn to use the cane for his Hapkido third-dan test. Like so many other practitioners before him he groaned at the sight of the humble device. His master quickly proved its worth in a demonstration that left him black and blue. However, it wasn’t until some years later when a local news headline detailed an account of a senior citizen with a cane being assaulted. For whatever reason, something clicked. He then picked the cane up again in earnest. In addition to experimenting with a myriad of applications with the weapon, he noticed the object itself was inferior in quality. Softwood and aluminum just didn’t cut it in performance or durability. Also the crooks were too narrow, making locks, chokes and throws nearly impossible. As if by a miraculous bit of irony, GM Shuey’s other lifelong passion was in working with wood. He began to experiment with various hardwoods to find the best ones for shaping as well as giving and taking punishment. During this time, he slowly began to lose interest in the wide assortment of other weapons he had mastered over the years as they seemed rather limited in application and were really not practical to carry by the average citizen. GM Shuey’s vision was growing exponentially. He not only wanted to keep seniors safe, he wanted to protect society and give a viable alternative to weaponry to the martial arts community to boot. The cane techniques lead to the development of his current mission— Cane Masters. In addition to a wide array of maneuvers, combinations and even forms with the cane, he saw 68 November 2011 /

an even more urgent need. The techniques were near useless, especially with heavier hardwood implements, without the coordination and strength to wield the newly redeveloped canes. Exercise programs were slowly developed, increasing flexibility, strength, stamina and overall physical health. All that was required was a cane and an exercise band. He took it a step further and made exercises that could be done while standing, sitting on a chair or lying prone. The system has grown by leaps and bounds every year. GM Shuey has never been busier between overseeing the design of custom-made canes and programs to seminars all over the world. Cane Masters has reached out to the general populace and the martial arts industry and left its mark. Never being one to slow down, even in his sixties, he’s now looking to formalize all his teachings into a complete martial art system in the very near future. With the Baby Boomers hitting retirement age, perhaps we should throw away our stereotypes and open our mind to this unique tool and its many applications.

For more information visit or email ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Master Guy Edward Larke has dedicated his life from a young age to the pursuit of the martial arts, Asian culture and hopology. It led him to Korea in 2000 and he has lived there since. He lives in Seongnam city with his wife Gi-Ryung and son Alexander. He holds black belts in Tae Kwon Do, Hapkido, Taekkyon, Bon Kuk Kumdo, Korean kickboxing, Karate-do, Wushu, Cheonji-muye-do, and various other arts. Currently he teaches Tae Kwon Do, Karate and Cheonji-muyedo full-time in addition to writing for various magazines and running Kisa-Do Muye & Marketing. He can be contacted at

From the Desk of Dr. He-Young Kimm Grandmaster He-Young Kimm, the founder and President of the World Han Mu do Association. Serving as director and senior advisor of the International Division of the Korean Kido Association.

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A Tae Kwon Do Life By Stephen DiLeo

Ever since I received my black belt in 1982, I dreamed of opening up a school and teaching the art I loved. I married in 1983, had my first child in 1985, and by 1986 I was living the American dream, complete with a house, a mortgage, and an uncertain future in banking. My wife was also a black belt; in fact, most of our family, from both sides, was involved in Tae Kwon Do. The stage was set; the only thing left was to open a school in my hometown, which was beset with high unemployment and an aging population. Undeterred, I pushed on against the advice of most around me, but I knew that when you take your shot at your passion, the odds are in your favor. I did, however, hedge my bet by asking my brother-in-law and long-time instructor, Bob Bender, to join me as an equal business partner. When I opened my school in 1988, it was a family affair—literally. My wife and children, my brothers, sisters, and even my dad (who opposed my venture, but eventually was on the payroll) were all part of my school. The best part of the entire thing was that my two children and all of my nieces and nephews enrolled as students. Twentythree years later and we are still going strong. Looking back is especially endearing as I realize that my Tae Kwon Do school was much more than a second job; it was an incredible motivator that helped inspire success among the young members of my family.

were all about tournaments. Between classes, students would joke as my wife and I would often be changing diapers. It was clearly a labor of love! The plan was for us to teach Tae Kwon Do in the same way we learned from our first instructor who was a direct student of the ITF founding fathers. Lessons were designed to create an atmosphere of discipline where students would work hard to craft the skills necessary to build solid technique. The foundation of our plan was the five tenets of Tae Kwon Do: Courtesy, Integrity, Perseverance, Self-Control, and Indomitable Spirit. Students, led by the instructor, would recite those tenets before and after each class. In a short time, the size of our classes grew, making it clear that the students were Kristin as a Registered Dietician.

The Early Years

The year we opened our school, 1988, was the Chinese “Year of the Dragon” and it was also the year my son was born. Call it wishful thinking, but I took that as the perfect sign. Days were long and vacations were generally summer camps, not to mention that weekends

70 November 2011 /

The auth or’s famil years at th y e dojang in the early .

Travis as a professional Strength and Conditioning coach.

absorbing the philosophy of Tae Kwon Do. Children, especially, began to practice and live the tenets as part of their daily life in and out of the dojang. Teachers, as well as parents, all observed the effect and endorsed it to the point where referrals for our school grew at an alarming rate. I have to say, however, that the families these kids were from were top-shelf and had a great deal to do with the disposition of our junior students. Indeed, the really astounding thing was how catchy the positive atmosphere became where kids conformed to the expected behavior and chastised anyone who did not. It was the perfect scenario that helped mold those children into students that sought their goals, worked hard and then refused to quit until they found success. To be sure, like Vince Lombardi once said, “Winning is an all the time thing, unfortunately so is losing.” Constantly reinforcing the tenets created an environment where winning was non-negotiable; and by winning, I am referring to an attitude of setting your sights on something worthwhile and never giving up until your goals are met.


The auth Tyler andor’s niece Morgan Adam as a young stund nephews dents.

It was not long before I started noticing that my kids were more disciplined, more focused, and to my delight, much more organized. Perhaps the most important lesson they took from Tae Kwon Do at our school was the ability to prioritize, separating those things they needed to do from those things that they wanted to do. In many ways, that often defines the difference between success and failure, in particular with young children and teenagers. The tenets also brought a sense of balance so that every part of their life was given some measure of attention: academics, family, athletics and their social agenda. Strangely, the work and sacrifice that martial arts demand seemed to leave an indelible impression on all of our young students to the extent that even though many of them took a short hiatus during high school, the core values they learned never left them. The tournament circuit proved to be a bit of a challenge for family members, especially my own children. Just like when a father coaches his child’s sports team, that child has to be doing everything cleaner and better than the next student or someone, PSU ating from Tyler gradugineer. nuclear en

Morgan receiving her Ph.D.

as a

for sure, will call foul. That includes never receiving a school award, regardless of how deserving it may be. Fortunately, my kids were naturals at the rigors of competition and their tournament career was very successful, despite me or my wife ever giving them extra attention during class.

The Proof

It would be impossible to fully attribute the success of my kids and my relatives completely to what they learned from Tae Kwon Do and its tenets; however, it would be just as foolish to say the two were not connected. Each member of my family who became a black belt experienced a common, undeniable drive which served them well later in life through college, and ultimately in their career. My daughter graduated at the top of her class from West Virginia University with a degree in Nutrition and she then received a top-rated internship. She passed her licensing exam and became a Registered Dietician. My son graduated from Penn State University with a degree in Kinesiology in the number-one rated program in the country. He recently passed his NSCA certification exam and was accepted to graduate school at the University of Pittsburgh. He has played and coached Division III collegiate soccer. My nephew Nicholas graduated from Penn State and became a meteorologist in Oklahoma City at KWTV News 9, where he is making national news as a storm chaser. He recently appeared on the CBS news as an expert tornado consultant. His sisters, Erica and Francesca, both received a degree in Culinary Arts and are now about to open their own catering business. My nephew Adam is a lawyer for the city of New York. His sister Morgan received her Ph.D. in Bioengineering and is employed at the University of Pittsburgh as a Postdoctorate Researcher. Morgan’s twin brother Tyler graduated from Penn State as a Nuclear Engineer and is now employed by First Energy. Another nephew, Christopher, attended Penn State and is now a Regional Manager

72 November 2011 /

for United Airlines. His brother, Ben, also a Penn State alumnus, is now employed as a Geospatial Analyst. Finally, my nephew Patrick is currently attending Juniata College in central Pennsylvania, where he is a standout basketball player as he pursues a degree in Secondary Education. Time passes and kids grow up and move away as almost all in my family have done. What remains for me is the quiet contentment in knowing that Tae Kwon Do and my passion for teaching have had a very positive effect on my family and the many children who have passed through our program. I am sure the same happens everywhere in martial arts schools across the globe. In the end, there can be no dispute that Tae Kwon Do changes lives far beyond the physical improvements— it fosters a passion for success! ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Master Stephen DiLeo is a fourth-degree black belt in Tae Kwon Do and a first degree black belt in Tang Soo Do. He is one of the chief instructors at the Altoona Academy of Tae Kwon-Do with over 30 years experience and has taught at numerous seminars and summer camps. Mr. DiLeo is also a freelance writer and photographer. He may be contacted at

Adam practicing law in New York.

The auth nary Artsor’s nieces receiv ing their degree. Culi-

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Master the Basics

By Stephen DiLeo

I]Z7Vh^X The summer of 2011 will not be remembered for the debt crisis, the Women’s World Cup, or the almost NFL strike. No, what will mark the dog days of this year’s summer will undoubtedly be the oppressive heat that most of the nation endured for weeks! Take a walk down memory lane, back in the fifth grade, when your science teacher told you about the shocking statistic that the human body is approximately 60% water. While the actual number varies based on age, size, etc., the fact is that at least half of our weight is H2O. To quote Jeff Foxworthy’s redneck vocabulary, “Mayonnaise sure is a lot of water in us.” As martial artists (especially the old timers), we are often taught to ignore pain, push through difficulty, and persevere no matter what the circumstances. After all, no one can predict the conditions of a real self-defense situation. However, when training in extreme heat, the best technique you can

execute is to reach for a drink of water—often! Dehydration is the silent thief that robs us of the ability to train effectively. Staying hydrated is the key to maximizing your workout, minimizing injury, and improving recovery time. Personally, the summer of 2011 proved to me beyond any doubt that taking a water break is not a violation of some sort of secret warrior code, but rather one of the smarter things a martial artist can do while training. The effects of dehydration are obviously contingent upon just how much water has been lost and how little water has been absorbed. Some of the early warning signs include dry mouth, headache and decreased sweating. As the body continues to lose water, the effects become more severe and pronounced. The person begins to expe-

Master Stephen DiLeo is an author, martial artist, and instructor who has been part of the Central Pennsylvania martial arts community for over 30 years. He is a fourth-degree black belt in Tae Kwon Do, a first-degree black belt in Tang Soo Do, and has studied several other arts throughout his career. Master DiLeo is a graduate of Penn State University as well as one of the chief instructors and co-owners of the Altoona Academy of TKD. He is also the AAU Chairman for Western Pennsylvania. Over the last 25 years, Master DiLeo has taught at numerous summer camps, directed many tournaments, and has delivered various seminars. He has created a number of programs including: Dynamic Striking for Combat and Conditioning; Cardio TKD Kickboxing Fitness; and Practical Self-Defense. He can be reached at

74 November 2011 /

:aZbZci i]Z]jbVc WdYn^h Veegdm^bViZan +%lViZg# rience nausea, heart palpitations, vomiting, and muscle cramps. In extreme cases, the symptoms progress to difficulty in breathing, confusion, seizures and possibly death. Clearly, dehydration is more than just a parched mouth. In general, most people never experience the more serious symptoms before help arrives in the form of a water break or a friend offering a cold drink. Of course, there are the wide varieties of sports drinks that offer a range of nutrients that are simply not found in water. The question becomes, do you need them? The answer is yes, if you are exercising in extreme conditions for an extended period of time, say for instance, running the Boston Marathon for three to four hours. More importantly, even if an athlete does require

hydration beyond plain water, the tradeoff in sugar content contained in some of these drinks may do more harm than good. Most martial artists constantly look for an advantage in the gym, at a tournament and on the street. That is just the “nature of the beast” in so much as the fight game is truly a case of survival of the fittest. Consider how your training may be affected even in a situation of mild dehydration; you will tire more quickly, lose speed and lack power. Lack of water has proven to undermine even the best technique, regardless of ability, not just in martial arts, but in all sports. However, if you pay attention to proper hydration, think of the advantage you will have over those that do not! Your basics will be faster, stronger and much more focused, not to mention that you will outlast your opponent in all conditions. So if you want to improve your skills and make your training count, start by paying attention to the most “basic” element of all—water!

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Immobilizing an Opponent Control Holds &Pressure Points By Kimberly D. Omens

Picture #1: The attacker, Allen C. Lieu, grabs the bystander, Kristina Castle, while Master Han W. Kim prepares to defend the bystander.

As practitioners of martial arts we are constantly met with choices. From kicks and punches to throws and weapons, there are numerous categories of techniques that can be studied. Part of our task is determining the most useful category of techniques to use in a given situation. This article takes a closer look at two categories, control holds and pressure points, considering their benefits when used in appropriate encounters. Control holds are techniques whereby one immobilizes their opponent by twisting their arm or wrist, for example, into a position where the opponent cannot move without great difficulty and, usually, pain. Pressure points are locations on the body which, when pushed, cause the opponent great pain. Control holds are often used in conjunction with pressure points. For example, one might, when performing an arm lock, push on the opponent’s median or ulnar nerves, located midarm, near the crease of the elbow. In this way, not only is the opponent trapped as a result of the arm lock, but he or she is also disarmed by the pain that results from pushing on the pressure point. Movement will cause the opponent greater pain, and as a result, he or she is wellcontrolled by the grip. Jang Mu Won Hapkido was founded by the late Grandmaster, Dr. Chong Sung Kim. Grandmaster Kim is regarded as one of the world’s foremost instructors and practitioners of the Korean martial art of Hapkido. His art stresses the importance of control holds and pressure points, and they are an integral part of Jang Mu Won Hapkido’s curriculum. In particular, Jang Mu Won Hapkido combines control holds and pressure points with other categories of techniques such as kicks, strikes, twists, and throws, emphasizing the importance of timing and precision in executing all Hapkido techniques.


Picture #2: Master Kim breaks the attacker’s grip on the bystander by sliding in and grabbing the attacker’s arms. Picture #3: By intercepting the attacker’s arms, Master Kim redirects the attacker away from the bystander. Picture #4: Utilizing a shoulder throw, Master Kim throws the attacker. The attacker is unable to break free from the grip. Picture #5: Master Kim applies pressure to the wrist of the attacker. This prevents the attacker from getting up to attack the bystander again and Master Kim maintains control of the attacker.


Picture #6: The attacker is rolled over and pressure is applied to the shoulder. The attacker is immobilized as both hands are unable to break free of the defender’s grip.





What are They Good For?

When it comes to choosing areas of technique to master and use in a given situation, the first question that should be addressed is this: What are these techniques good for? This question should be answered by addressing both the benefits of the techniques and the situations in which these techniques could be the preferred choice. In terms of the benefits of control holds and joint locks, one benefit is that without doing terrible damage, an opponent can be subdued and controlled. For example, with kicks, punches, and throws, an opponent is almost certainly going to be badly injured. While in certain situations it may be the goal to badly disable one’s opponent, this is not always the preferred route. If during an encounter one is more interested in controlling the opponent rather than injuring them, these techniques serve that purpose. This is not to suggest, however, that these techniques fail to provide the pain necessary to deter future attacks from the opponent. Rather, the opponent will be able to feel the pain of the pressure point used in combination with a control hold, and will, moreover, feel that with each movement they will suffer more pain. In this way, the opponent is deterred from engaging in further attack without the use of any serious or permanent injury-producing techniques. A second benefit of control hold and pressure point techniques is that they work to subdue the attacker in a way that kicks and punches do not. While the latter can inflict major injury and in that way subdue the opponent, control holds and pressure points allow one to immobilize their opponent without taking the chance that the attacker will not be hurt enough by a kick or punch to refrain from further attacks. Also, control holds and pressure points spare the energy of one who is being attacked. Rather than expending energy engaging in kicks and punches, one can simply move straight to the finish and control the attacker before becoming fatigued through the course of a fight. Third, in relation to the last point, should it become necessary for one to use kicks, punch-

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es, and throws in a given situation, control holds and pressure points can still be extremely useful as finishes to these other techniques. For example, one might throw an attacker coming forth with a punch by twisting their arm. Once the attacker is on the ground, a good way to ensure that he or she does not regain footing for a second attack is to perform a control hold and pressure point technique. Such a technique will keep the opponent on the ground and well within one’s grasp should a second attack be attempted. The attacker, now manageable and under control, can be moved as desired. Fourth, control holds and pressure points can be used in situations involving a knife. The obvious danger involved when facing an opponent wielding a knife calls for the most careful assessment of the best technique to use under the circumstances. In Jang Mu Won Hapkido, control holds and pressure points are pivotal in controlling the knife hand, both while taking the opponent to the ground and while holding the knife hand in place while the opponent is on the ground. Control holds and pressure points are useful under these circumstances because they quickly take the attacker’s weapon out of play in a way that other techniques may not. For example, while a kick or strike may result in the weapon being dislodged from the opponent’s hand, it is also very likely that these techniques will a) miss their target or b) injure the attacker in a way that he or she can continue to attack with the knife. In either case, the result is a further need to avoid an advancing blade. Rather than throwing a kick or hand strike and taking the chance that the opponent will not be disarmed, one might use a control hold and pressure point technique to immediately subdue and disarm the attacker. Most techniques to this effect begin by firmly gripping the arm bearing the knife, performing some technique taking the attacker to the ground while maintaining control over the knife hand, and finally ending with the knife hand either being controlled at the wrist, or being wrapped behind the opponent’s back. One would then have the opportunity either to remove the weapon from the now controlled arm or wrist or simply maintain the control hold while pushing on an appropriate pressure point.

Who are They Good For? A second important question asks who should use control holds and pressure points for immobilization purposes. Master Han Woong Kim, sixth-degree black belt in Hapkido and owner of the South Pasadena Jang Mu Won Hapkido studio offers some suggestions: First, these techniques are ideal for law enforcement officers. Such individuals need to quickly and effectively subdue escaping or unruly suspects, for example, without inflicting major injuries. As already discussed, these techniques allow for the control desired without any accompanying serious or permanent injury. Second, these techniques are ideal for security personnel. These individuals, whether working at sporting events, concerts, or casinos, for example, desire quick and effective means of controlling and removing particular patrons without causing great injury. As a result, such personnel would benefit from learning to use control hold and pressure point techniques, both for their functionality and relative discretion. Third, the usefulness of these techniques is not limited to individuals working in law enforcement and security-related positions, but also extends to individuals working in various medical fields and even in the airline industry. Certain medical professionals and airline attendants may encounter patients or patrons, respectively, prone to harm themselves or others. These professionals often encounter situations where they are not necessarily under attack, but for the safety and well-being of all others must control a particular patient or patron before he or she causes any harm. Aiming to control these individuals in the least harmful and most effective way, such personnel would find these techniques valuable. When met with the numerous categories of techniques available, a martial artist must choose, sometimes within an instant, the type of technique that is most appropriately employed in a given situation. This article aims to suggest that control holds, in combination with pressure point techniques, can provide effective control over an opponent without the concurrent injury

usually associated with, for example, kicks, punches and throws. Control holds and pressure point techniques provide a safer and in some cases even more effective alternative method of immobilizing an opponent. ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Kimberly D. Omens is a second-dan black belt in Hapkido and has been training in Hapkido for seven years. She currently trains at the South Pasadena studio under Master Han W. Kim, sixth-degree black belt in Hapkido. For more information about Jang Mu Won Hapkido, please visit our website at www.jangmuwonhapkido. com. Special thanks to Dr. Harry Cosmatos for contributing his expertise. Photos by Eric Ng

Picture 1: The bystander, Kristina Castle, has her hair grabbed by the attacker, Joshua Wheeler. Master Kim prepares to defend the bystander. Picture 2: Master Kim grabs the attackerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hand to begin a wrist lock.





Picture 3: Using the other hand, Master Kim is able to trap the attackerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hand to lock the wrist. Picture 4: Master Kim applies pressure to the attackerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wrist. He does not allow the attacker to make his arm straight. Picture 5: Applying enough pressure can cause the wrist to become immobilized. This effectively prevents the attacker from trying to use the corresponding hand again.

5 / November 2011


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Appropriate in the Ma By Master James Theros

A martial arts school is very much like a large, extended family. It is a bit different than a normal high school classroom in that there is a healthy hierarchy in place, much like the military. Because of this, relationship-dynamics are different than in the secular world. Your classmates are considered to be your brothers and sisters, not just your classmates. The entire idea of a martial arts school is to provide a place of personal and character development. Therefore, there must be a disciplined, respectful atmosphere in which there are different levels (i.e. beginner vs advanced). In most high schools, for instance, all of the kids in the classroom are within a year or two of each other age-wise. In most martial arts schools, a single class might consist of students ranging from age five or six all the way up to, in some cases, age 60 or higher. For this reason, the dynamics are going to be different, but not that much different. Take a normal high school class for instance. Does the average teacher allow the kids to refer to them by first name? Does the average teacher allow students to come to their homes to visit? Does the average teacher give students access to their home and/or cell phone number? In a martial arts school, anyone of a higher level (i.e an intermediate ranking student, an advanced level student, a black belt level student or a master instructor) should not fraternize with students who are not at their particular level. For instance, a green belt really should not be fraternizing with a brand new white belt student. To equate this to regular school, how would most people view a sixth grader hanging out with a second grader on a regular basis; or a teacher being seen at the movies with his 14-year-old math class student? Instructors of the martial arts also must keep a healthy distance between themselves and their students to maintain the student/teacher relationship and the teacher should never allow the student to call them by their first name. Doing so damages the line between teacher and student and allows for a more loose relationship to form, which erodes the teacherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ability to be a proper role model for the student and to effectively teach that student. Male students should absolutely refrain from having any type of relationship

82 November 2011 /

Relationships artial Arts with the female students in the school, unless it is first approved by the owner of the school. There have been many schools around the world that have been destroyed from the inside out because a male student approached a female student about having a relationship that blurs the lines between teacher and student. If the relationship doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t work or there is friction, it will create a negative energy in the school. This negative energy begins to affect everyone else in the school and the rumor-mill often begins to operate in full swing, causing additional undue stress on the other students, the parents of students (who do not wish to subject their children to the drama that is created by these relationships), the other instructors and the owner of the school, who, undeservingly, always gets dragged into the mess and is expected to clean it up. Students and parents begin to associate the drama with the school and the owner and nothing good ever comes out of inappropriate relationships. The general rule is that your classmates are your little brother/sister, your older brother/sister or your uncle, father or grandfather. It is certainly considered inappropriate to fraternize or become intimate with any of these relatives. A junior student may become enamored with their teachers (attracted to their power and authority). Movies and tabloids are filled with stories about inappropriate relationships between teachers and their students (both males and females alike) and books are written about this subject. A martial arts school is meant to be a safe haven for all who enter and a place of personal development, not a dating-service. That being said, if two grown adults meet each other in the martial arts school and fall in love, they should seek permission from the school owner before openly pursuing the relationship while remaining students. Seeking permission is a responsible way to approach a relationship inside a martial arts school so that any possible future problems may be averted in the beginning. True love can- / November 2011


not be denied, and there are instances where it is healthy (even inside a martial arts school), but not at the expense of any other studentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s experience as a student or a parent in that martial arts school. It may be equated to the possibly outdated way that a young man would first ask the father if he could have permission to marry that manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s daughter. Since the school owner/ Master Instructor is considered a father figure inside the school, the female student is much like his daughter and, asking permission to date her/marry her is a considerate, respectful thing to do. Since the martial arts is based on the concept of respect, this is the proper way to go about beginning a relationship between two students in a martial arts dojang if permission is given and then the relationship comes to an end, it is the duty of both of the parties to leave the school and move on with their lives, to avoid tarnishing the experience of others who are still in the school. There are always those who think that their personal business is not for anyone else to meddle in, however, when their personal business affects others (as well as the actual business itself ) then there is just cause on the part of the school owner for setting boundaries for the students and parents to insure a stress-free, healthy environment for all members. Rules and regulations are put in place to create a safe environment for all involved. Adhering to these policies is the best way to reduce drama and friction in a martial arts school. There is a reason why there are anti-fraternizing laws in schools, the military and many workplaces. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s just best to keep things professional and on-topic with your classmates and juniors. ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Master James Theros, fifth-dan, has been involved in the martial arts since 1976 and has owned and operated Level 10 Martial Arts College in Indianapolis, Indiana since 1995. He is the author of Korean Kung Fu: the Chinese Connection available at amazon.

84 November 2011 /



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Kuk Sool Won of Austin 13376 Reserach Blvd #605 Austin 78750 (512) 258-7373


Intl Taekwon-Do Academy 54 Nagle Ave New York City 10034 (212) 942-9444 Iron Dragon Fitness & Self-Defense 88-8 Dunning Rd Middletown 10940 (845) 342-3413 New Age TKD &Hoshinkido Hapkido 2535 Pearsall Ave Bronx 10469 (347)228-8042 Pro Martial Arts (866) 574-0228 Queens Taekwon-do Center 89-16 Roosevelt Ave Basement Jackson Heights 11372 (718) 639-6998 TʼaeCole TKD Fitness 909 Willis Ave Albertson 11507 (516) 739-7699


NKMAA - North Carolina Master Monty Hendrix Essential Martial Arts, Inc (336) 282-3000 Lionʼs Den Martial Arts 413 N Durham Ave Creedmore 27522 (919) 528-6291

Pan-Am Tang Soo Do Federation 1450 Mt Rose Ave York 17403 (717) 848-5566 Red Tiger TaeKwonDo-USTC 1912 Welsh Rd Philadelphia 19115 (215) 969-9962 Tactical Hapkido Alliance 4006 Main Street Erie 16511 814-504-8043 The Martial Artist 9 Franklin Blvd Philadelphia 19154 (800) 726-0438 World Tang Soo Do Association 709 Oregon Ave Philadelphia 19146 (215) 468-2121

Kuk Sool Won of Baytown 805 Maplewood Baytown 77520 (281) 428-4930



NKMAA- Headquarters Master Rudy Timmerman 1398 Airport Rd,Sault Ste. Marie, P6A 1M4 705-575-4854

ALBERTA COM-DO Direct (780) 460-7765

Kuk Sool Won of Clear Lake 15230 Hwy 3, Webster, 77598 (281) 486-5425

First Canada Tang Soo Do 209 3400 14th St NW Calgary T2K 1H9 (403) 284-BBKI

Progressive Martial Arts 112 E Sam Rayburn Dr Bonham 75418 (903) 583-6160

Masterʼs Secret The Collapsable Board Holder Emdmonton

World Kuk Sool Won 20275 FM 2920 Tomball 77375 (281) 255-2550

Intl Bum Moo HKD-Hoshinkido 111 Laurentides Blvd Pont-Viau Montreal Laval H7G-2T2 (450) 662-9987


Stadion Enterprises Island Pond 05846 (802) 723-6175


USA Tiger Martial Arts 48 Plaza Drive Manakin Sabot 23103 (804) 741-7400



World Martial Arts League Klaus Schuhmacher Rhoenstr 55 Offenbach 63971


W.O.M.A. Intʼl C.P. # 59 Conegliano Tv 31015 Womainternational.Com


Martial Arts Academy of India 30 GF DDA Flads, Sarvapriva, Vihar, New Delhi 110016 Tel: (011) 686-1625 Martial Arts Training Gulmohar Sports Center New Delhi 110049 Tel: 9111-467-1540


Zulfi TKD Academy of Pakistan II-B 10/2 Nazimabad Karachi Tel: 9221-660-5788


Korean MA Instructors Association SongSanRi 661, BonJi JonNam JangSongKun JangSongUb Chollanamdo


Great Britain Tang Soo Do Headquarters for Europe TSD Tel: 01234-766-468 NKMAA – United Kingdom Master Zachary Woon Wune Tang Academy Tang Soo Do 07733008207


Korean Mantis Fist Kung Fu Intʼl Association 76 Doulton Street London N5W 2 P7

To list your school or business email or call 319-396-1980.