Local Strategies and Tools to Address Displacement in Gentrifying Neighborhoods

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Local Strategies and Tools to Address Displacement in Gentrifying Neighborhoods


Local Strategies and Tools to Address Displacement in Gentrifyng Neighborhoods sites.utexas.edu/gentrificationproject/

1. 2. 3. 4.

What is gentrification Types of displacement Who is impacted Understand what is happening on the ground in your communities 5. Tailor goals, strategies, and tools


What is gentrification?


What is gentrification? Higher-income residents move into neighborhoods with historically low property values and higher concentration of vulnerable residents.


What is gentrification? Higher-income residents move into neighborhoods with historically low property values and many vulnerable residents.

Housing costs rise.


What is gentrification? Higher-income residents move into neighborhoods with historically low property values and many vulnerable residents.

Housing costs rise.

Vulnerable residents displaced


What is gentrification? Higher-income residents move into neighborhoods with historically low property values and many vulnerable residents.

Housing costs rise.

Vulnerable residents displaced Cultural character of neighborhood transformed


Understanding displacement Direct displacement Indirect displacement (exclusionary displacement Cultural displacement


Who is most vulnerable to displacement?

Communities of Color

People 25 and older without a Bachelor’s Degree

Renters

People making at or below 80% Median Family Income

Households with children in poverty


Types of gentrifying neighborhoods


Source: UT Austin Uprooted Report (2018)


Harris County Neighborhood Gentrification Typology

Source: UT Austin Uprooted Report (2018)


Dallas Census Tract Gentrification Typology

Source: UT Austin Uprooted Report (2018) Source: Governing Magazine


San Antonio Census Tract Gentrification Typology

Source: Governing Magazine


Assess Strategies and Tools


Criteria: Understanding Costs and Tradeoffs 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Which group does this tool help most? What stage of gentrification does it best fit? Is this a place-based strategy? Will it serve current or future residents, or both? How will the voices of vulnerable residents be represented? 6. What level of funding will be required? 7. What level of capacity and ongoing engagement from city and nonprofit staff does it require?



Local Strategies and Tools to Address Displacement in Gentrifying Neighborhoods


Texas regulatory barriers Illegal: • Linkage fees • Inclusionary zoning for homeownership • Source-of-income protections from discrimination • Real estate transfer taxes • Circuit breaker taxes • Local minimum wage

Partial Ban: • Moratorium on development and rezoning Misperceptions about illegality: • Rent control • Inclusionary zoning for rental housing


10 Priority Policies 1. Community Preference Policy 2. Tenant Relocation Ordinance 3. Targeted Funding: TIF, Homestead Preservation Districts, Housing Bonds 4. Preservation Investment Fund 5. Land Control and Community Land Trusts


10 Priority Policies 6. Tenant Purchase Program 7. Tenant Protections 8. Affordable Housing Preservation Network 9. Market Segmentation 10. Homestead Preservation Centers