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May 2013

Volume 47 Issue 5

swədəbš qyuuqs News

Blessing of the Fleet First Salmon Ceremony

Thursday, May 16, 2013 12:00pm Lunch Swinomish Youth Center Blessing to Follow

pedVa?ed (pud-CHA-ud) Moon of the Digging Time

“Much of May is the ‘moon of the digging time,’ because the roots and bulbs of many plants are dug during this moon. Blue camas flowers cover the tended camas fields, whose bulbs provide an important source of starch. Camas bulbs are dug up and steamed between layers of dry grass over hot rocks covered by soil. Some bulbs are eaten and some are made into flour for storage. Camas continues to be harvested into the late fall. At the end of this moon, other plants are ready to harvest—salmonberries, currants, gooseberries, wild onions, elderberries, and thimbleberries. Shellfish harvest and curing continues. Think spring Chinook run is strong during this moon.”—13 Moons: The 13 Lunar Phases, And How They Guide the Swinomish People. S.I.T.C

swədəbš qyuuqs News

Page 2 sali? (sah lee)

Cover photo by:

CONTENTS: An official publication

swədəbš Swinomish Indian Tribal Community of

Officers: Chairman: spee pots (Brian Cladoosby) Vice Chair: ya-qua-leouse (Brian Porter) Secretary: Sapelia (Sophie Bailey) Treasurer: Taleq tale II (Barbara James) General Manager: tuk tuk luus (Allan Olson)

qyuuqs (Kee Yoks) The deadline to submit to the qyuuqs (Kee Yoks) is the 15th of every month or nearest business day. qyuuqs (Kee Yoks) 17337 Reservation Road La Conner, WA 98257 360-466-7258 Fax 466-1632



Around the Rez


Being Frank




Bulletin Board


Chairman’s Message


Community Arts


Community Calendar


Earth Day/Cleanup Day


Education Dinner


Feature: Community Dinner


Feature: Dangers of Energy Drinks 28 Feature: Gateway to where?


Feature: Identifying...Overdose


Feature: Swinomish Harvesting


Feature: Swinomish Youth visits


Free Ads


Michael M. Vendiola Editor

From The Editor




Mrs. V’s 2 Cents


pay a huxton (Chester Cayou, Jr.)

Caroline Edwards Assistant Editor

Native Business-Jim Stanley


Police Department


spee pots (Brian Cladoosby)

Senior Lunch Menu


Photos: qyuuqs and submitted





This issue of the qyuuqs is available on the Swinomish website:

Swinomish Health Fair/Dinner


Women’s Health Fair


Youth Center News


Senators: sapelia (Sophie Bailey)

cha das cud II (Glen Edwards) yal le ka but Steve Edwards

Taleq tale II (Barbara James) SM OK O LO (Leon John) wa lee hub (Kevin Paul)

Advisory Committee Allan Olson John Stephens Tracy James Kevin Paul

The qyuuqs can viewed on the internet. When submitting information or photos, please be aware that everything published in qyuuqs will also be on the internet and available to the world. Please consider carefully whether anything you are submitting might have information or images that may not be appropriate for the internet. By submitting information or photographs to qyuuqs for publication, we consider that you are agreeing to publishing your submission in both the paper and digital versions of the qyuuqs.

ya-qua-leouse (Brian Porter)

sOladated (Brian Wilbur) kani?ted (Tandy Wilbur)

“Swinomish qyuuqs (Kee Yoks) News”

qyuuqs Mission The mission of the qyuuqs newspaper is to provide monthly communication to swədəbš, the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, near and far. We are committed to serving as an apolitical forum for SITC governing officials and all community members. The newspaper is not intended to reflect the official position of the governing body of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, but rather reflects the ideas, events, and thoughts of individual community members and tribal staff. As such, the Swinomish Tribe makes no claim as to the accuracy or content of any of the articles contained therein.

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Chairman’s Message: Invitation to Recognize Our Cultural Rights Join us on May 16th for the Blessing of the Fleet/First Salmon Ceremony.

Chairman spee pots

Spring is always a glorious time for our Swinomish Community. The arrival of the spring kings on the Skagit River is one sign of spring and with the abundance of resources indicates the summer’s bounty. It’s a time to

We remember the Blessing of Fleet as a monumental time of year when we ask our Creator to take care of the fisherman, to watch over the waters and to provide thanks for the salmon that sustains our culture, economies and health. In this time of gathering we ask our fisherman to remember our elders. Remember to bring home fish for the elders and the Creator will bless you for your thoughtfulness and consideration of giving to others. Swinomish, along with our fellow tribes, celebrate the 39th year of the Boldt Decision. We honor our leadership for fighting for the right to fish and to protect our an-

Swinomish stands by all of our fellow tribes that stretches from the Salish Sea to the Power Mountains in Montana. These tribes stand together in protecting our treaty resources, sacred places and way of life. For us, we face the threat to our treaty resources from the oncoming increase of over 4000+ vessels added on to the 11,000 vessels presently on the Salish Sea. These vessels are the size of three football fields and each of them will carry either tar sand oil or coal across the Salish Sea to China. Can you imagine how our fishermen will be impacted, not only by the loss of more harvesting grounds, but their very lives will be put to further risk as they face those vessels on our fishing grounds. We will protect what is important to us: To ensure our rights are here for

“Swinomish stands by all of our fellow tribes that stretches from the Salish Sea to the Power Mountains in Montana. These tribes stand together in protecting our treaty resources, sacred places and way of life.” gather the tender roots and begin the planning for the harvesting and gathering season. We always look forward to the wonderful Blessing of the Fleet/First Salmon Ceremony and Feast! Lorraine Loomis and her staff sponsor this event every year. The abundance of prawns, crab and fresh king salmon that fill our tables is always a special treat! On behalf of the Swinomish Community we thank Lorraine, staff and our harvesters for providing our traditional foods and taking care of our community.

cestral industry that has sustained our communities for generations. You may have seen my recent quote in the Seattle Times: “For thousands of years Washington State tribes have fought to protect all that is important for those who call this great state home. We can no longer allow industry and business to pollute our water and land. We as leaders need to protect our treaty resources, our economies and the human health of our citizens and neighbors.”

the next generation and our fishermen are safe on our waters. Bless each and every one of you. May the Creator protect our fishermen and provide us with an abundance of salmon, crab, shrimp and clams. See you all at the Blessing of the Fleet on May 16th.

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Have you written your will? If you die without a will, it is called dying "intestate" and allows the Government to determine: Who receives your property; What amount they will receive; and Whether your trust property may be subject to a forced sale at probate You Need a Will If… You are over 18. You have, or may acquire, trust land, non-trust land, or IIM funds. You have children or step-children under 18. You want to leave property to someone who is not in your immediate, blood family. You want to leave income from an interest to a non-Indian spouse. You want to stop further fractionation of your land. Confidential Free Estate Planning and Will Drafting Service Provided for Swinomish Tribal Members This Summer! If you are interested in drafting a new will OR changing an existing one to comply with Tribal, State, and Federal Law, please contact Erica Wolf, Supervising Attorney, at the Institute for Indian Estate Planning & Probate at (206) 398-4277. *Tribal members will be placed on a waitlist for Estate Planning Services from a Legal Intern between May and August 2013. We look forward to hearing from you.

Estate Planning Intern from the Seattle University School of Law Quinn Dennehy is a second year law student studying estate planning at Seattle University School of Law. Quinn grew up in southwest Montana before moving to New Orleans, Louisiana in 2003 to attend Loyola University as an undergraduate. While at Loyola, he studied sociology pre-law and theatre arts with a minor in business administration. Quinn joined Teach For America after graduation and taught special education and literacy in New Orleans public schools before moving to Seattle in 2010. In his free time, Quinn enjoys cooking, hiking, reading, and spending time with friends and family. Quinn Dennehy

Page 5 celac (tsuh lahts)

swədəbš qyuuqs News

Section 184 Home Loan Program for Swinomish Tribal Members According to the Swinomish Senate, the Tribe’s request to participate in the HUD subsidized 184 Home Loan Program has been granted. The HUD 184 program offers home loans with:  Low interest rates based on current market rates (rather than credit scores)  Low down payments  2.25% on loans over $50,000.00  1.25% on loans under $50,000.00

Approval of the loan requires a 1% loan guarantee fee paid at closing, which can be financed. The HUD 184 program requires that the borrower show they have enough income to pay back the loan. This is based on the ratio of the borrower’s debt to income. Under the Section 184 program, total monthly debts, including the loan typically, cannot be more than 41% of gross monthly income. The loan can be used, both on and off the Swinomish Reservation to: 

Purchase an existing home


Rehabilitate an existing home


Construct a new home


Refinance a current loan

For an information packet with loan instructions, a list of approved lenders, frequently asked questions, and program requirements, please see John Petrich at the Swinomish Housing Authority or email

From the qyuuqs (Kee Yoks) Editor: Michael M. Vendiola Welcome to another issue of qyuuqs News! We are very pleased to offer news that is relevant to the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community from both on and off the reservation. We hope we have fulfilled this role. As always, we offer the community the opportunity to submit stories, poems, photos, announcements or any thing that is printable. We hope that you take advantage of this because when you offer submissions it helps this publication to be richer and more comprehensive in its content. As the weather moves into spring time many community members are taking to the water to

participate in War Canoe racing (see page 38 for schedule) and the annual Tribal Journeys. This issue features an article by elder Diane Vendiola that highlights the resurgence of our canoe culture (page 14). I hope this can provide insight on how important our water culture is to our Swinomish identity. This issue features few of the community events that have happened in the past couple months. I think you’ll be pleased with how much the community is involved in and the diverse activities in which they participate. Further, in recent times our community has struggled with issues that impact everyone. This issue of qyuuqs News features

some articles that can help community members address these issues. We hope they are taken as a serious community service announcement. Lastly, I am overjoyed to about this issue’s Community Arts pages (page 20 -21). A few months ago elder Paul Hillaire Villaluz was featured in the Community Arts pages and he offered the challenge to the youth of Swinomish to explore their artistic heritage. This month’s Community Arts pages resounding demonstrate the talent of our Swinomish youth! dahadubs!

swədəbš qyuuqs News

Page 6 yela?c (yuh-lah?ts)

Tyler Ross “PA-HA-LIS” Edwards (1993-2013) Sunrise November 30, 1993 Sunset March 24, 2013 Tyler was born November 30, 1993 in Anacortes, WA to Cammie Carrigan and Eugene “Huge” Edwards. Tyler passed away on March 24, 2013. Tyler attended school at the La Conner and the Darrington Schools Districts. Tyler always had a big smile and loved to make people laugh. His passion was mechanic work; he was always willing to help out anyone having troubles. He loved to hike, play softball, and hunt. He especially loved to go mudding; to see how far he could get and if he broke something he got to fix it. He looked forward to going on the “big walk” every year and enjoyed being in the mountains. He would spend three days at a time hiking, camping and learning about the animals and the natural settings. Tyler had a free spirit, he loved to spend time with many different people, and sometimes he would make it to four different reservations in one weekend. He was part of the Swinomish Canoe Family, and a member of the St. Paul’s Catholic Church. He had goals of going to school for under water welding and auto mechanics. Tyler touched many people everywhere he went and he will be missed by everyone who knew him. Tyler was preceded in death by his grandma, Donna Williams; his great-grandma, Pee Wee; great-grandfather, Gus Wilson of Duncan B.C.; his namesake, greatgreat grand grandmother Helen Ross; great-grandparents Chet and Velma Cayou, Eleanor and Walt O’Leary and George Bailey; his uncles Curtis Bailey and Wayne Bob; his aunts Cassandra Cayou and Beth Montoya. Tyler is survived by his mom and dad; his brother, Austin Edwards; two sisters, Andrea and Alexia Edwards; grandparents, Joe and Sophie Bailey and Eugene Carrigan; numerous aunts, uncles, cousins, and friends. A prayer service was held on Wednesday, March 27, 2013 at 7:00pm at the Swinomish Social Services building. A funeral service was held on March 28, 2013 at 9:00am at the Swinomish Social Services Building. The final resting place is at the Suiattle Cemetery in Darrington, WA.

Knitting Class Every Mon. at 7 o clock Shaker Church $5 a class Money will go towards the church See Barbara Marks

swədəbš qyuuqs News

Page 7 Cu?Is (tsookws)

Lenora Irene Siddle (1983-2013) Sunrise December 2, 1983 Sunset April 3, 2013 Lenora Siddle, 29, passed away unexpectedly on April 3, 2013. She was born on December 2, 1983 in Anacortes, WA. Lenora loved sports. She was taught by her maternal grandfather from young how to play fast pitch softball and basketball. She played fast pitch softball throughout her years at the La Conner Schools District. Lenora competed regularly with the Swinomish Youth and Tribal softball teams throughout the Northwest tribes. She will be missed by many friends and relatives throughout the Pacific Northwest Coast Salish Indian Communities. She was a member of the Nooksack Swan Smokehouse, Deming, WA. She traveled with her family to the Tribal Winter Longhouse gatherings throughout Northwest Washington. Lenora is survived by her partner, Clarence Charles and their three children, Jeaselle Sylvester-Siddle, Davina, and David Charles; her maternal grandmother, Virginia Stone, her mother, Deanna Fornsby; her brother, Gus Siddle; and sister, Lori Martin of La Conner. She is also survived by her Seowyn parents, Jerry and Bonnie Cayou of Deming; numerous aunts, uncles, cousins other close relatives and many friends from the Coast Salish Tribes of the Northwest and Canada. She was preceded in death by her father, David Siddle; sister, Leanna Siddle; maternal grandfather, Gus Stone, Jr; paternal grandmother, Irene Siddle-Anderson; and two aunts, Lenora and Leona Stone. The prayer service was held on April, 7, 2013 at 7:00pm at the Swinomish Social Services Building, Swinomish Reservation, La Conner. The funeral service was held on April 8, 2013 at 10:00am at the Swinomish Social Services Building. The final resting place is at the Swinomish Tribal Cemetery, La Conner.

Attention Tribal Members You are invited to a Focus Group Meeting on May 3, 2013 Please join us in the Spiritual Center on May 3, 2013 at 11:00am. The Focus Group is testing Indigenous Health Indicators of the Salish Sea and we need your help to tell us how you feel about the health of your food, community, culture, and other important health concerns. All of you responses will be anonymous. Lunch will be provided and participants will receive a $25 gift card and fleece blanket in appreciation for your help. Hosted by Larry Campbell and Jamie Donatuto of the Planning Department. Please RSVP by Calling 360-466-1532

Thank you!

swədəbš qyuuqs News

Page 8 teqaVi (tuh qah chee)

From Minister Joe McCoy: 1910 SWINOMISH INDIAN SHAKER CHURCH UPCOMING CHURCH EVENTS CHURCH ANNIVERSARY WEEKEND (3 yrs.) May 17-19, 2013  Friday—Dinner, 6PM, Church service after  Saturday—Breakfast, 8AM; Lunch, 12 noon; Dinner, 5PM, Church service after  Sunday—Breakfast, 8AM; Mass, 10AM; Lunch after? 1910 WASHINGTON SHAKER CHURCH CONVENTION Swinomish Indian Shaker Church is hosting the Convention on October 11-13, 2013  Friday—10AM: Board meeting; 12-1PM, lunch  Saturday—8AM, breakfast; 10AM Board meeting; 12-1, lunch; meeting continued; 5pm dinner; church service  Sunday—8AM, breakfast; 10AM Mass; 12noon lunch? DONATIONS ACCEPTED (Monies, food, items, and seafood for each of these weekend events.) Also, if anyone can spare a bed or two for these church visitors, please call Joe McCoy at 360-466-8147 or Barbara Marks-McCoy at 360-202-8822 for church anniversary or the church convention weekends. THANK YOU!

swədəbš qyuuqs News

Page 9 Hel (xwuhl)

Cultural Department: April Community Dinner Community members gathered to break bread at the monthly Community Dinner April 17, 2013.Honored elders included Shirley Cassimere, Lorraine Loomis, Joe McCoy, Barbara White, and Ray Mitchell. Honoring our elders is tradition. Graciously wrapped with a blanket and surrounded by community members, family and friends, each elder received awards from the Cultural Committee and the Elder Protection Committee of the Swinomish Tribe. One of the awards was a gift certificate good for a night stay at the Swinomish Lodge and Casino. With this came a dinner for two at the 13 Moons Restaurant. Elders were given the opportunity to speak and give thanks.

Swinomish Elder Shirley Cassimere

Swinomish Elder Raymond Mitchell

Swinomish Elder Lorraine Loomis Swinomish Elder Barbara White

Swinomish Elder Joe McCoy

Senior Luncheon June 10, 2013 Swinomish Lodge and Casino Requesting Donations for the Senior Luncheon. Garden Supplies, Gift Cards, or Anything! Please bring your donated item to the Senior Center and give it to Lori Ann Cayou. Thank you!

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Page 10 ?ulub (oo-loob)

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Around the Rez Looking Back at Easter Sunday

Sealant day at Swinomish Dental Clinic

Chairman spee pots speaks at NW Indian Youth Conference

swədəbš qyuuqs News

Swinomish Community: Earth Day/Cleanup Day a Success

Page 12

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Native Action Network Hosts Luncheon The Native Action Network hosted its 9th Annual Native Women’s Leadership Forum & Enduring Spirit Honoring Luncheon “The Power of Indigenous Women– Reaching Hands Across Borders” at the Swinomish Lodge April 4-5. Many Native Women attended this conference and enjoyed a wonderful breakfast buffet and a delightful lunch. Virginia Bill of Upper Skagit, Beverly Peters of Swinomish, Teri Gobin of Tulalip, and Patsy Whitefoot of Yakima were nominated and honored for reaching out to their communities and being recognized.

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Mrs. V’s 2 cents!

Submitted by Diane I. Vendiola

The Resurgence of the Canoe Culture (The following is an excerpt from our community’s Swinomish Tribal Mental Health book updated in 2002) The renewal of the Northwest Coast canoe culture has had a powerful impact on the mental health of Indian youth at Swinomish and elsewhere. Up and down the Northwest Coast from Quileute and Quinault to Bella Bella in the north there has been a stunning renaissance of the canoe culture. It is impossible to understand Northwest Coast Indian cultures without understanding the role and importance of the canoe. Canoes, cedar and salmon are closely related cultural symbols as well as key components of traditional material culture. Canoes were the primary means of transportation in pre-contact* Northwest

the hollowing out, carving, painting and launching, there is an ever present awareness that this work is a spiritual undertaking. No bad thoughts, bad language, bad feeling, smoking, drinking of alcohol are allowed to come into contact with the canoe. In 1989 at the “Paddle to Seattle”, a Bella Bella leader saw the potential for a rebirth of the native canoe tradition. He challenged other tribes to come by canoe to Bella Bella in four years’ time, for the 1993 tuwas Festival. A number of tribes took up the challenge and began not only practicing ocean going canoeing, but building their own traditional canoes. In preparation for this trip, people of many Indian nations had canoes made, formed canoe pulling families and learned about traditional canoe making and the spiritual beliefs

and fashioning of traditional clothing are learned. Canoe pulling offers a constructive alternative to drinking and drugging. Young people who pull canoe have come to value their health, physical strength and endurance in a new way. They attain an incentive to remain healthy. The canoe renaissance has helped many Indian people regain pride in their culture and therefore has improved cultural identity. For some young people, exposure to the way of the canoe has made their culture come alive in their hearts. They have begun to understand traditional concepts and values which may have been just words to them before.

The canoe journey is a Journey. On “The benefits have been stunning. Young people who have become Spiritual the journey the puller long hours to seek involved with the canoes have learned to work together as a team ...” has new understanding of him/her and his/her related to cedar to canoe. Coast Indian cultures. Canoes allowed place in the world and Mother Nature. fishing and hunting, as well as social Spiritual insight may be gained. travel. Both ocean-side dwelling tribes The extent of Canoe Family’s’ and river dwellers relied on water transcommitment may be understood when The canoe is a metaphor for the portation. It was far easier to travel by one considers that the journey from tribal way. Water is the life that we water than overland, due to dense foresQuiliute to Bella Bella and back took 2 travel through. In the canoe, like the tation of most of the North Pacific Coast. months! Some people pulled as much as tribe, what one person does affect eveTherefore, almost all out-of-village ac1200 miles. Indian adults working with ryone else. All must work together in tivities depended on the canoe. * Of or youth sometimes had to quit their jobs in sync if the canoe is to move smoothly relating to the period before contact of an order to take this time. Families made through the water. The canoe family indigenous people with an outside culgreat sacrifices of time and money to members, like tribal members, must support their young people in this wonture. learn to put aside individual differderful and revitalizing project. This has ences in the interest of the welfare of been a life changing experience for The late Bertha Dan, Cultural the whole. many; all who have been involved have Consultant (for the Tribal Mental been emotionally touched. Health Program) Swinomish Elder Our canoe families have already told of a week-long canoe journey she started training, planning, organizing and made in 1920. The family left Snee-oosh The benefits have been stunning. preparing for this years’ Canoe Journey. Beach, and traveled to Vancouver Island Young people who have become inthrough Deception Pass and the San Juan volved with the canoes have learned to The 2013 Canoe Journey is being Islands. They camped at night and padwork together as a team in which every hosted by the Quinault Tribe. The theme dled by day. This was a social trip, possimember is important. They have develis, “Honoring Our Warriors”. bly to attend a large gathering. Bertha oped intimate knowledge of the water, recalled that a school of sea lions swam tides, water fowl, islands and weather The Quinault Leadership and Elders near the canoe and that she and another they now have a deep and very personal are sharing their Sacred Site Point Grenchild were made to lie on the bottom of understanding of the importance of the ville, where the Protocol Tent will be the canoe, covered with blankets for fear cedar tree. located. that the sea lions would want them. The canoe revival has become a For additional information: In Northwest Coast Indian Cultool of healing for our tribal youth. Attitudes and behaviors change as youth tures, canoes have always been ered Spiritual Beings. We Indians know become invested in bringing back old that every aspect of the creation and use ways. They learn about themselves, othof the canoe is approached in a spiritually ers and teamwork. Diane I. Vendiola, Swinomish tribal elder, is a regular conmindful way. The canoe carver must beSinging, dancing, have in a spiritually informed and redrumming and feast- tributor to the qyuuqs (Kee Yoks), continues to serve the sponsible manner from the initial vision ing, traditional crafts tribe in her retirement, and is a loving grandmother. of canoe through the selection of the tree, of paddle making,

swədəbš qyuuqs News

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Smoking Cessation: Gateway to Where? Submitted by—Smoking Cessation Educator What is a gateway drug? It is a drug that leads or opens you to harder and more dangerous drugs. These gateway drugs are around us every day. They may be something a family member, friend or loved one is using. What are the different types of possible gateway drugs? According to The Yale Daily News, the Yale School of Medicine studied the “possible links between cigarettes, marijuana and alcohol use as an adolescent and subsequent abuse of prescription pain medication as young adults”. The results showed a “link or association” from the use of cigarettes, marijuana and alcohol to future drug abuse. This means we should consider the effects of using and abusing cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana. These drugs can lead to further drug abuse in life. According to the publication Treating Tobacco Use

and Dependence, on page 13, it is shown that “tobacco use results in true drug dependence, comparable to the dependence caused by opiates, amphetamines, and cocaine”. We must ask ourselves if the temporary feeling we get from using cigarettes, alcohol and other drugs is worth the lifetime of damage we cause to ourselves and those around us. Is a moment of pleasure, that doesn’t last, worth the danger we put ourselves in by abusing cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana? Is lung cancer, throat cancer, liver and kidney damage or even death worth the moment of pleasure that we get from abusing cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana? Is it worth abusing these dangerous substances when the consequences could mean leaving our families with sadness, pain, and loss? We can easily say that we will not be hurt by abusing cigarettes, alcohol or other drugs. Is that really true? When we float at sea or on the waters of the ocean, we can be drawn or moved by currents we cannot see. This movement can be

so slow we don’t feel it. If we close our eyes for 15 to 30 minutes, and then open them again, we will see that we have drifted away from where we were before. Now we have to work harder to get back to where we need to be. Abusing cigarettes, alcohol or other drugs can lead us away slowly. We may not feel it. If we close our eyes to the fact that we may need help, we could drift away. Then, when we open our eyes, we realize everything around us has changed. Before we become lost permanently, we need to open our eyes and hearts to the danger we are in when we abuse these drugs. Please respond to the help that others offer. Please ask, beg and plead with those who abuse these drugs. Lead them to help. While they are with us, it is never too late. Sources: The YDaily News Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence 2008 updated edition

“We must ask ourselves if the temporary feeling we get from using cigarettes, alcohol and other drugs is worth the lifetime of damage we cause to ourselves and those around us.”

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Being Frank Federal Court Upholds Tribal Treaty Rights in Culvert Case By Billy Frank, Jr., Chairman NWIFC

OLYMPIA (3/29/13) – The state of Washington must fix fish-blocking culverts under state-owned roads because they violate tribal treaty rights, federal Judge Ricardo Martinez ruled on Friday, March 29. “This is an historic day,” said Billy Frank Jr., Nisqually tribal member and chairman of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. “This ruling isn’t only good for the resource, but for all of us who live here. It will result in more salmon for everyone,”

reduced repair efforts in the past three years, resulting in a net increase of fish blocking culverts. At the current rate, repairs would never be completed, he ruled, because more culverts were becoming barriers to salmon than were being fixed. “The salmon needs our help now,” Frank said. “Salmon habitat throughout the region continues to be damaged and destroyed faster than we can repair it, and the trend is not improving. This ruling is a step in the right

includes the right to have those salmon protected so that they are available for harvest, not only by the tribes, but by everyone who lives here.” Cost estimates provided by the state are higher than the actual repair costs shown in court, Martinez held. He noted that repairs would be funded through the state’s separate transportation budget and would not come at the expense of education or other social services. Costs will be spread out over

“The salmon needs our help now. Salmon habitat throughout the region continues to be damaged and destroyed faster than we can repair it, and the trend is not improving. This ruling is a step in the right direction” Frank said. “This is a great victory for all who have worked so hard to recover wild salmon. “ Martinez issued a permanent injunction requiring the state to repair more than 600 state-owned fishblocking culverts over the next 17 years to “ensure that the State will act expeditiously in correcting the barrier culverts which violate treaty promises.” Treaty Indian tribes filed the initial culvert case litigation in 2001. The tribes, the United States and the state spent several years trying to settle the case, but were unable to reach agreement. Tribes reserved the right to harvest salmon in treaties with the United States government more than 150 years ago. That right was upheld in U.S. v. Washington, the 1974 ruling that recognized the tribal right to half of the harvestable salmon returning to state waters and established the tribes as co-managers of the resource with the state. The injunction was necessary, Martinez ruled, because the state has

direction.” Blocking culverts deny salmon access to hundreds of miles of good habitat in western Washington streams, affecting the fish in all stages of their life cycle. State agencies told the Legislature in 1995 that fixing culverts was one of the most costeffective strategies for restoring salmon habitat and increasing natural salmon production. In 1997 state agencies estimated that every dollar spent fixing culverts would generate four dollars worth of additional salmon production. Recent studies support the state’s findings. In the ruling Martinez wrote that the state’s duty to fix the culverts does not arise from a “broad environmental servitude” by the state to the treaty tribes, but rather a “narrow and specific treaty-based duty that attaches when the state elects to block rather than bridge a salmon-bearing stream. . .” Judge Martinez’s ruling was clear,” Frank said. “Our treatyreserved right to harvest salmon also

a 17-year correction program. As highway projects go, the corrections are mostly small. “The cost will be a small sliver of the State’s two-year $7 billion transportation budget,” Frank said. The March 29 ruling follows an August, 2007 summary judgment issued by Martinez in favor of the tribes, but which did not include a remedy to fix the culverts. He encouraged the tribes and state to continue to try and resolve the issue outside of court, but those efforts were unsuccessful. “We prefer to collaborate with the state to restore and protect salmon and their habitat,” Frank said. “However, the state’s unwillingness to work together and solve the problems of these salmon-blocking culverts in a timely manner left us with no alternative except the courts.” Contact: Tony Meyer or Emmett O’Connell (360) 438-1180,

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pedVá?ed (pud-CHA-ud) Moon of digging time, while other plants are ready to be harvested. Much of May* ReAú?el




Camassia Quamash

Ribes divaricatum s?Cabt Red Elderberry Sambucus racemosa Aáqe?




Rubus parvilorus

Rubus spectabilis *Source: 13 Moons: The 13 Lunar Phases, And How They Guide the Swinomish People. S.I.T.C

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Swinomish Education: Tribe Celebrates 2013 Academic Successes

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Swinomish Education: Chairman Cladoosby Congratulates Candidates Submitted by—qyuuqs staff. At the Spring Swinomish Education Dinner the Swinomish Education department recognized some of the high school and college candidates striving for their educational degrees. Congratulations!

Andy John

Taysha James

Lanessa Edwards (sub)

Jamall James

Leila Clark

Sheldon Williams

Jonah Cook

Amanda Washington (sub)

Alyssa McCormick (sub)

Christian Johnston

Aiyana Guzman

Hilary Edwards (sub)

General Cayou

Northwest Indian College graduate candidates (L-R): Linda Willup, Caroline Edwards & Maggie Finkbonner.

Tracy James, left, congratulating Western Washington University graduate candidate: Alyse Sehlin, right.

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swedebs ~ Community Arts

Submitted by—Patty Weber. There are a number of talented Swinomish youth who are developing their artistic abilities. Thank you to Patty Weber, Art Teacher for submitting the works of her students to Swinomish qyuuqs News.

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swedebs ~ Community Arts

Art on this page and prior by: Victor Bailey, Brett Cayou, Jasmine Cayou, Chad John, Claudia Jack, Charlie McCoy, Claudia Parker, Michael Paul and Demonte Wolf-John. Thank you for sharing your art!

swədəbš qyuuqs News

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Feature: Swinomish Harvesting

The Swinomish people harvest seasonally from the water and mountains that surround them. Preparation for each season that arrives involves an understanding of what is to be harvested, when the harvesting is to be done and where they’re going to harvest. This involves a deep connection with the land, ocean, sun, stars and lastly with each moon that arrives. “The Swinomish, like many Coast Salish, recognize 13 lunar phases in a calendar year. The lunar cycles indicate seasonal changes, so each moon is named for the seasonal events that take place during that time.” (13 Moons, Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, S.I.T.C) For instance Summer is the time when it gets warm. pedhédeb (pud-HUD-ub). “Much of May is the “moon of the digging time” because the roots and bulbs of many plants are dug during this moon.” (13 Moons, S.I.T.C) “Our food is inseparable from the natural resources, our seasonal cycle, our way of life, and us as a people.” (13 Moons, S.I.T,C) The Swinomish people are descendants from several bands and groups, including the Swinamish, Samish, Lower Skagit and Kikiallus. The heart of the Swinomish Culture comes from the Salish Sea, the Skagit and Samish Rivers and their tributaries, and the Cascade


Mountain Range. The Swinomish people have hunted and gathered within these areas for time immemorial. “Food is woven into the very fabric of Northwest Coastal Indian Culture. When many Indian People eat their traditional goods, they describe experiencing a sense of connection with their culture and with the place that they and their ancestors are from.” (E. Krohn, V. Segrest, 2010). Historically, Coast Salish harvesting was essential for survival. The gathering of resources and finding ways of preserving them was key to surviving the seasons ahead. Today, Coast Salish harvesting is just as essential, but the resources are not as plentiful. “Sadly, toxins in the environment have diminished all traditional food sources. Eating traditional goods is essential to the overall health of many Indian people.” (E. Krohn, V. Segrest, 2010). Feasting on harvest foods together with family is important, it keeps the cultural tradition alive.

By Caroline Edwards

“People understood that food is precious, is a gift from nature, and is necessary for our existence. Eating foods in this way helps feed the desire for wholeness within us, and it can be amplified when the entire family participates in a meal together.” (E. Krohn, V. Segrest, 2010). The upcoming salmon ceremony is a way of giving back for what has been taken. Honoring the traditional foods by recycling them is important. Never harvest too much, take no more than you need. Harvesting from Mother Earth is a privilege and should never be taken advantage of. Additionally limitations placed upon where tribal members may

gather their traditional foods by the State have impacted reduced not only the types of foods but also the quantities of foods available to tribal members. For example, tribal members used to travel across the mountains to harvest berries and other foods, but they can no longer do so without the threat of arrest and prosecution.

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On April 15, 2013 the Swinomish Senior Center had a special visitor. Thank you Joe McCoy and Barbara MarksMcCoy for bringing Mr. Smiley by! To all Swinomish Tribal Elders who are 55 and older: *On Mondays: Leave at 9:30 am and 1:00 pm, To transport Elders up to Walmart for shopping. *Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday’s: From 11:00 am to 1:00 pm - transport any Elders to & from Senior Center for lunch. *Wednesday: In the am - visit the Elders in Nursing homes. **For any other Transporting: Visit or call my office 466-7374 to schedule appointment:  Then I need at least 24 hrs notice prior appointment.  Need information of: who, where, when, and time (of how long I will be).  No appointment to be schedule between 11:00 am - 1:00 pm everyday.  First come, first serve basis depending on schedule.

Lori Ann Cayou Swinomish Elder’s Case Worker My Office is at the Senior Center Office phone: 360-4667374 or cell 360-391-5737

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swədəbš qyuuqs News

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Northwest Indian College: LCHS Students Attend Internship and Resource Fair On February, 26 Swinomish Tribal Para-Pro took a group of high school students (Corrina Kaubin, Kenneth Revey, Wayne Fornsby, Sheldon Williams and Leila Clark) to the Internship and Resource Fair hosted by the Northwest Indian College in Bellingham. Students were able to speak to numerous representatives from companies such as Boeing, Costco, US Fish & Wildlife Service, Skagit Fisheries, US Forest Service, US Coast Guard and many others. Lunch was provided by guest speaker Dr. Henrietta Mann (Cheyenne), Professor Emeritus in Native American Studies. The afternoon was spent in workshops on financial literacy and inspiring community change through leadership by the National Youth Leadership Alliance.

Northwest Indian College: LCHS Students Attend Science Saturday

On April 27th, 2013, NWIC hosted a Science Saturday at Cornet Bay and Rosario Beach for high school students.11 Swinomish community high school students participated in the work day. They worked along side the Washington Conservation Corps members to plant native species of grasses, shrubs and trees that will reclaim the beach, and bring it back to its original state. In September of 2012, the creosote soaked log bulkheads were removed from that beach to allow a natural habitat to return. These students had the chance to learn about how each native plant has degrees of salt tolerance, and are able to thrive on the beach. They also learned about the importance of bulkhead removal, and how it is the next step in helping to enhance the salmon life-cycle here in the Northwest.

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Wellness Program: Identifying Symptoms of Overdose Submitted by: Dawn Lee Most Overdoses involve a prescription medication used with other medications, drugs or alcohol. Death from these overdoses can be prevented with fast medical help. CALL 911 Symptoms of overdose can include dizziness, faintness, nausea, vomiting, cold and clammy skin, slowed heart rate, difficult breathing and convulsions. Gastrointestinal Opiates cause the muscles of the intestinal system to become relaxed, which can cause peristaltic movements, the normal movements that aid digestion and move waste out of the body, to halt. The result is constipation, which, in the case of an overdose, can become serious. Stools can become so hard that the intestines become impacted. If not treated, this can lead to a rupture of the bowels. Other gastrointestinal symptoms of an opiate overdose can include nausea or vomiting. A loss of appetite or spasms of the stomach or intestines may also occur with an overdose.

Eyes Those who have taken too much of an opiate will not only likely have blood-shot (red) eyes, but will also exhibit pinpoint pupils. Pinpoint pupils, the black center of the eye, become very small, even in a dark room. Although pinpoint pupils are not exclusive to an overdose, it is a symptom that can help determine that an opiate medication is the cause of the overdose. Respiratory One of the most dangerous symptoms of an opiate overdose is a depressed, or slow, respiratory rate, according to the National Institute for Drug Abuse. The patient may have difficulty breathing; exhibit labored breathing or have very shallow breaths. This can lead to the appearance of blue skin, lips or fingernails. The breathing may become so shallow that it stops. This is usually the cause of death from an overdose. Cardiovascular Opiates can also adversely affect the cardiovascular system, especially in an overdose situation. A

person who has ingested too much of the opiate will have a decreased pulse rate as well as low blood pressure. When the heart is not able to pump blood effectively through the body, organs, including the brain, can become oxygen starved, resulting in damage. Central Nervous System Opiates depress the central nervous system, which results in a loss of alertness. The most common effect of this is drowsiness that causes the overdosed person to temporarily fall asleep, even in the middle of a conversation. More dangerous effects on the central nervous system include a loss of consciousness, seizures or even coma. ( Drug overdoses kill more than two people per day in Washington. Most of these deaths can be prevented with fast medical help. Calling 911 can save a life. Please visit for information on how to respond to situations until medics arrive.

Swinomish Clinic: Restoring Strength, Mobility and Function Submitted by—Cheryl Rasar Physical therapy focuses on restoring an individual’s strength, mobility, and function. Physical therapy also aids in the management and reduction of acute and chronic pain. A physical therapist is a highly trained and licensed individual that works, in partnership with doctors, to help patients achieve their best health. Physical therapy consists of a combination of hands on manual techniques, exercise, and pain relieving modalities. Physical therapy is beneficial for people of any age and level of function. Physical therapists work with high-level athletes, geriatric patients, stroke victims, cardiac patients, pediatric patients, joint replacement recipients, and many others. A physical therapist’s goal is to get a patient moving and feeling better and to give them the tools and knowledge to prevent future injury or immobility. What are the Benefits of Physical Therapy  Motivation from a therapist  An individualized plan created for your condition  Expert knowledge from a trained therapist  Carefully monitored exercise to avoid re-injury  Increased flexibility, motion, strength, and endurance  Less pain than surgery  Effective recovery at your own pace

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Swinomish Police Department: CALLING 911 Submitted by—Ann Smock When an emergency is happening, and sometimes even when something has already happened, it is important to call 911. While not all calls need to go to the 911 Dispatch Center, all events that are “in progress” should be reported to 911 when time is a critical factor. Nonemergency situations can also be reported to 911 when a crime has occurred (for example: you have just discovered something stolen or vandalism on your property). If

with the most efficient response possible. Please remember that if you leave a message on the Swinomish Police Department’s answering machine, it will not be received until the next business day.

Why would I call 911 for a non-emergency? The 911 operator will be able to determine the priority need of all calls that might be coming to police or fire. They will then dispatch based upon the priority. Even if you would just like a return phone call, you should still call so “When an emergency is happening, 911 they can a and sometimes even when something send message to has already happened, it is important the officer for you. Every call to call 911.” to 911 creates a record so that your call will you’re not sure that a crime has not be lost or set aside for someone occurred, an option is to call 911’s who is off-duty at the time. The non-emergency number: 428911 call center assures that every 3211. SITC pays monthly fees for call is both dispatched and has a dispatching services between the closing disposition by the assigned 911 call center in Mt. Vernon and officer. Just think of times you the Swinomish Police Department. have heard people say, “I called but We all pay taxes that support the never heard back from anyone.” 911 system, and it’s there for us to The 911 center prevents that by use. making a record to hold parties accountable for every call a citizen Why should I call 911? You might make. Your call is impormay wonder why we tell you to call 911 when the police department is right here on the Reservation. The most important reason is that some emergencies require police, fire and/or medic response. The 911 center has the ability to dispatch all of these entities at the same time. Time saves lives in critical emergencies. Every onduty police officer is connected to the 911 center by multiple means in order to get to you as quickly as possible. The Tribe has invested in providing functional radio frequency and an in-car computer system to provide this community

tant, and we want to respond to every call possible, while an emergency is in progress, or if it’s a past event that you are concerned about. Can I call and remain anonymous? We understand that there are reasons you may not want to leave your name in certain situations. If you request this, 911 will take anonymous information calls. When taking anonymous calls, however, responders must question the accuracy of the information. One solution is to leave a phone number and a request for the officer to call you. This will allow an officer to talk directly to the caller, understanding the concern to be anonymous, while still being able to ask questions to confirm and explain the report being made. The caller can then ask the officer to keep his or her contact information confidential. REMEMBER: Whenever you need emergency police, fire or medical assistance call 911. For urgent but nonemergency assist call 428- 3211.

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swədəbš qyuuqs News

Community Health Issues: 5 Hidden Dangers of Energy Drinks By Leah Zerbe, reprinted from

Drinking two cans of an energy drink a day could lead to a dangerous blood pressure reading, according to research done at Henry Ford The same pick-me-up that powHospital in Detroit. Doctors there ers you through a boring afternoon found that 500 milliliters of cafmeeting or late-night deadline feinated energy drinks a day lead to could be silently setting your body a faster heartbeat and a 10-point jump in systolic “A 2013 report from the Substance Abuse blood pressure. That might not and Mental Health Service Administra- seem like much, but if you're one tion outlines a drastic climb in energyof the 26 million drink-related emergency room visits.” people in the U.S. living with up for some serious health probheart disease, it could pose a major lems. A 2013 report from the Subrisk. stance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration outlines a #3 Heart Attack Risk drastic climb in energy-drinkEven sugar-free energy drinks with related emergency room visits. caffeine pose a heart attack threat, With cans lining gas station and according to a 2010 Australian grocery store coolers across the study published in the American nation, these beverages have beJournal of Medicine. Researchers come a billion-dollar industry in found that just one drink caused the United States, and the research blood vessels to narrow, even in citing major negative health implihealthy young adults. The possible culprit is glucuronolactone, a comcations is starting to catch up. mon sweetener in sugar-free enLet these five health threats ergy drinks. Another potential serve as a wake-up call: ticker terror? Bisphenol A, or BPA, the chemical used to line most #1 Hospital Visits metal drink cans, has also been Death is the worst side effect shown to trigger abnormal heart linked to energy drinks and shots, rhythms in heart cell tests in the but there's a laundry list of other lab. health problems that could send an energy drink enthusiast to the hos#4 Headaches pital, too. The number of ER visits Headaches are one of the most involving the drinks doubled from common side effects that energy 10,000 in 2007 to more than drink consumers complain of, ac20,000 in 2011, according to the cording to the Journal of the new report. Those most likely afAmerican Pharmacists Association. fected? People in the 18- to 39Researchers peg the high caffeine year-old age range. Older folks are and excess sugar, not the herbal reaching for canned and bottled blends, as the cause of the head energy drinks and shots, too, much pain attributed to consumption of to the detriment of their health. ER the beverages. A Nutritional Jourvisits for the 40-plus age group nal analysis found more than 20 jumped 279 percent between 2007 percent of users report headaches, and 2011. with about 30 percent also suffer#2 High Blood Pressure

ing from jolt-and-crash episodes as

a side effect. Another 20 percent experienced heart palpitations. #5 Drunk Driving Mixing energy drinks with alcohol creates a whole new set of problems, including the inability to gauge how drunk you really are. In one study, bar patrons who consumed an alcohol–energy drink combo were three times more likely to leave the bar plastered and four times more likely to try to drive at closing time. Tactics for a Real Energy Boost: • Eat a healthy breakfast every morning. • Include lean protein with each meal and snack. • Stand and stretch at least once every hour. • Take a 20-minute walk several times a week. The exercise can unleash fatigue-fighting brain chemicals like norepinephrine and dopamine. Nice side effects? The walks will improve your mood and improve your sleep.

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Native Business: Native Business: Poise Under Pressure When I was a child I use to wonder how our elders kept such an even temperament when a tenuous situation surfaced. Whether it was at our annual general council meeting or someone in the village was wronging another I would observe many different kinds of reactions from stoic-silent discontent to shouting. Reactions to events seemed to vary along with the per-

As I grew older I learned something as was told to me by an elder, “situations are easily forgotten, but the way you react and how that makes others feel will remain for a very long time.” I take this lesson to heart and admit I have not quite mastered the art of remaining calm although I do better today than yesterday. Life throws a lot of things at a person

compared to a “knot” of hurt feelings requiring time to be addressed before a meaningful discussion can take place.

Jim Stanley

I am thankful for the lifelessons our elders teach us. It has made a difference in my life. Re-

“As I grew older I learned something as was told to me by an elder, situations are easily forgotten but the way you react and how that makes others feel will remain for a very long time.” sonalities involved but one thing was consistent, elders as a group seemed to sit quietly until the parties involved had calmed down, then they would react, calmly. Sometimes the reaction was to ask a question, other times they would allow the conversation to move on, and my favorite (as the parties involved exhausted themselves) to have the last word and moving the group in one direction. I have witnessed elders do this hundreds of times and I always enjoy watching with excited-respect as if it is the first time.

and pressure can build as the oblispect to the elders. gations of family, business, lifesurprises both good and bad, and the needs of others compete for our finite time and attention. I am thankful for this lesson because I have found it is less stressful to react calmly to a situation than to enter in with emotions raging and ending up causing a mess. Often the difference between calm and a strong emotional reaction is the calm reaction gets Jim Stanley is a Quinault Tribal member and contributes resolved faster his experience through writing for the betterment of Nawith more clarifytive People. To reach Jim for comment or free access to ing discussion more business knowledge, go to

New from the Swinomish website! Receive a little bit of Swinomish in your inbox every month! Click the subscribe button at or email with "Subscribe" as the subject to receive periodic Swinomish news and event updates or monthly qyuuys News Highlights.

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Sports: Swinomish Teams Visit Lummi to Compete in Tourney

Greg coaching teamwork & success.

Driving through big defense.

Powering up for two points.

Anna Cook bringing the ball up.

Every athletes success comes through family support.

Jesse imparting words of strategy.

Moments after a 3-point release.

Swinomish applying a blistering defense.

Running through the fundamentals.

swədəbš qyuuqs News

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Northwest Indian College: GED Test Changes are Coming

Please look for the following changes as of January 2014. The GED exams will be:  Delivered in computer-based format only;  Condensed into four tests (instead of the current five). New test and delivery method:  Paper-based tests will gradually be eliminated;  Tests are taken in person at a monitored test center. Advise for students and test-takers:  If a student has taken and passed only a portion of the current tests, they will need to complete and pass all tests prior to December 31, 2013;  Otherwise, they will be required to start over with the new tests in January 2014. Questions: Virginia Bill is available Tuesday through Thursday at the GED office, NWIC—Swinomish Site; phone: 4664380.

In need of only a Mammogram? Stop by and get it done!

Please call BCHP (1888-651-8931) to get Pre-Authorized for Women’s Health Fair. If you need

From 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

We will be offering the following: PAP Exams, Mammogram’s, Colorectal Cancer Screening, Lipid Testing (fasting only), Tobacco Cessation Education, As well as, tasty treats, beverages, and a variety of pampering gifts. Pre-Registration packets for Take Charge and Mammogram forms are available at the clinic upon request. Partly funded by the Susan G. Komen Foundation

assistance with this please don't hesitate to contact us at the Clinic.

Come by to see if you qualify for “Take Charge” or “Breast & Cervical Health Program.” Those of you with Medicare or Private Insurance qualify for this as well. If you don’t think you qualify for any of these programs, please call the clinic at 466-3167.

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2013 MAY  07—Senate Meeting  10-12—Swinomish Legends Memorial Basketball Tournament

 15—Community Dinner, 6PM  16—First Salmon Ceremony & Blessing of the Fleet

 22—Community Health Fair & Dinner

 27—Memorial Day Services  29—Sobriety Dinner, Youth Center, 6PM

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JUNE  14—NWIC Commencement, Wexliem, Lummi

JULY AUGUST  01-07—Tribal Journeys 2013: Pad-


dle to Quinault

 09-11—Swinomish Days


*Please submit important dates to the qyuuqs (Kee Yoks)! *’CR’ denotes ‘canoe race’. *Bolded text denotes Swinomish Community event.

Swinomish Casino & Lodge: Inquire within Excellent benefit package* includes quarterly cash incentive, EAP and 401(k) w/ match for all staff; medical, dental, vision and term life insurance as well as paid holidays and paid time off for full time staff (*must meet required time in service before eligible). All positions require a criminal background check and approval of a gaming license from Swinomish Gaming Commission. In addition, a high school diploma or equivalent is required to be considered for employment. Pre-employment drug testing will be conducted upon acceptance of a position. Applications for positions not currently being recruited are gladly accepted and will be kept on active file for 90 days. Email Applications to Mail or bring to: 12885 Casino Dr. Anacortes, WA 98221 Fax 360-299-1677

2013 War Canoe Schedule May 11-12: Nooksack Days held @ Lummi Stommish Grounds 18: Coupeville 18-19: Chilliwack Landing 25-26: Seabird Island June 1-2: Cultus Lake 8-9: Sasquatch Days at Harrison Hot Springs 14, 15, & 16: Lummi Stommish 15-16: Cowichan Days 22-23: Shell beach, Ladysmith 29-30: Scowlitz. Harrison Bay

July 6-7: Ambleside 13-14: Whe ah wichen. Cates Park 20-21: Chemainus Bay 27-28: Tsartlip August 3-4: Tsowout 9, 10 & 11: Swinomish 17-18: Chief Seattle Days 23, 24, & 25: Makah Days August 31 - September 1: J & J at Black Lake, Washington List courtesy of Autumn Rose Washington, Lummi

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To place a free ad please contact the qyuuqs at

Carvings and Prints for sale by Frank Campbell 360-333-2796 or 360-399-1043

NAMAPAHH First People's Radio is hosted and produced by Robin Carneen, an enrolled member of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, in La Conner, WA. Topics include-Native American news, views & music & you can listen online at (archives too!): namapahh_radio

NORTH INTERTRIBAL VOCATIONAL REH BILITATION PROGRAM (NIVRP) Helps people with Disabilities get or keep a job Mondays and Tuesdays 10-3:00 Swinomish: 360-466-1343 Bellingham NIVRP: 360-671-7626

PRSRT STD US Postage Paid Permit #35 ANACORTES, WA 98221

Swinomish Indian Tribal Community

qyuuqs News 17337 Reservation Road La Conner, WA 98257 qyuuqs News online:

Swinomish qyuuqs News


qyuuqs - May 2013  

The mission of the qyuuqs newspaper is to provide monthly communication to swədəbš, the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, near and far. We...

qyuuqs - May 2013  

The mission of the qyuuqs newspaper is to provide monthly communication to swədəbš, the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, near and far. We...