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April/May 2017 Vol. 51 No. 3

MARCH AGAINST ADDICTION SWINOMISH CIVICS 101 The History of Our Constitution | PG 24



Jean Jimmy and Brooklyn Bailey sit patiently with other Childcare kids waiting for the March Against Addiction to begin.



Swinomish Civics 101: The History of Our Constitution

Community members walk together for the 'This Has to Stop!' March Against Addiction.

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03 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 14 15 19 23 24 26 28 30 31 33 35 36 37 38 40 42

Editor’s Note The Chairman’s Message Obituary + Notice to Members Community Happenings Chairman Cladoosby Receives Wendell Chino Award This Has to Stop! March Against Addiction Calendar for Summer Fireworks Sales 2017 The Blessing of the New didGaliV Wellness Center Governor Inslee Signs First Bill of 2017 Preschool & Childcare Kiddos Get a Visit with... Native Wellness Institute Being Trauma Informed Swinomish Polar Bear Trip Swinomish Employee Highlight: Tanisha Gobert Swinomish Civics 101: The History of Our Constitution Community Health Program Department of Environmental Protection LC Soroptimist Student Volunteer of the Month Youth Center Calendar Science Corner: Swinomish Marched for Science Fire District 13 + Swinomish Housing Authority Brunch + Easter Egg Hunt Elders Menu Mrs. V's 2 Cents April Birthdays May Birthdays

Flowers I’ve already pulled all the weeds out of my garden and have bought starters for flowers such as hydrangeas, red azalea, purple periwinkle, pansies, dahlias, bleeding heart, golden pedal rose, and gardenia. My flowering plants are spread around my house methodically based on the amount of direct sunlight they need.

editor’s NOTE Spring: The Good and the Bad There is so much to enjoy during the spring season. First, I love seeing all of the wildlife come out of hibernation. Second, I love the sound of birds chirping in the morning. It’s like a natural alarm clock ringing its bell- it’s spring! Third, it’s gardening time! Time to begin digging out the weeds and planting new plants. The one downfall of spring for me is that it is also allergy season. I for one am certain that I am allergic to tree pollen. Other than my allergies, I absolutely enjoy everything about spring. What’s In My Garden? I feel a little more prepared for gardening this year. I normally plant annuals and have been experimenting with planting perennials this year.


Vegetables I planted seeds for chives, green onions, red onions, asparagus, radishes, and tomatoes in my vegetable garden. We have a few strawberry plants growing in our garden as well (separate from the vegetables). Herbs I bought a window seal starter kit for herbs such as cilantro, parsley, chives, and oregano. I can’t wait to see all of my plants bloom, see all of the vegetables grow, and eventually enjoy the bountiful harvest. I would love to hear from all of you, our readers, about what is growing in your garden. Please submit an article and share your tips about how you prefer to grow your plants. goliahlitza Caroline Edwards


Moon of the Whistling Robins Much of April is the "Moon of the Whistling Robins," signaling the actual music of springtime. Herring and smelt continue to be harvested. At beach sites, shellfish such as mussels, cockles, oysters, horse, butter, and littleneck steamer clams, are harvested. Some clams are eaten fresh, but most are cured for winter by first steaming on top of hot rocks in a sand pit, stringing the meat on cedar bark ropes, and smoking or drying hard. Canoes are built and baskets, both waterproof and open, are woven and dyed. Many types of plants are collected such as tender young shoots of salmonberry and trailing blackberry. The roots of bracken ferns are dug up, baked, dried, and then pounded into a flour to be stored in baskets. Flatfish, halibut, lingcod and rockfish are all fished during this moon. Two pronged spears are used to catch lingcod and rockfish. Halibut are caught using a line attached to a V-shaped hook made of bent hemlock, then cooked by placing hot stones in watertight baskets, or cut into strips to be dried. Spring Chinook begin to run during the moon. Excerpt from ‘13 Moons: The 13 Lunar Phases, and How They Guide the Swinomish People’ By swelitub (Todd A. Mitchell) and Jamie L. Donatuto sw d bš qyuuqs News 3 e e

The official news publication

of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community


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Brian Cladoosby, Chairman (360) 708.7533 | bcladoosby@

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Brian Porter, Vice Chair (360) 840.4186 | bporter@


Sophie Bailey, Secretary (360) 853.6458 | sbailey@

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Barbara James, Treasurer (360) 391.3958 | bjames@

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Chester Cayou, Jr. (360) 770.3378 | ccayou@

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Glen Edwards (360) 708.3113 | gedwards@

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Steve Edwards (360) 840.5768 | sedwards@

SM OK O LO Leon John (360) 421.0406 | ljohn@

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The mission of qyuuqs News is to provide monthly communication to Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Members near and far. We are committed to serving as an apolitical forum for the Swinomish governing officials and all Community Members. qyuuqs News is not intended to reflect the official position of the governing body at Swinomish Indian Tribal Community but rather reflects the ideas, events, and thoughts of individual Community Members and Tribal staff. As such, the Swinomish Tribe makes no claim as to the accuracy or content of any of the articles contained therein. qyuuqs News 17337 Reservation Road, La Conner, WA 98257 Phone (360) 466.7258 Fax (360) 466.1632 *SUBMISSIONS Send your news tips, stories, and photos to Submission deadline: 10th day of the month EDITORIAL Caroline Edwards, Editor | SWINOMISH COMMUNICATIONS Heather Mills, Communications Manager | Emma Fox, Communications Specialist | ADVISORY COMMITTEE Allan Olson, John Stephens, Tracy James, Kevin Paul This issue is available online at Photos credits: qyuuqs News Staff or as credited. All rights reserved.

Kevin Paul (360) 540.3906 |


*qyuuqs News is made available for viewing on the Internet When submitting information, stories, and/or photos, please be aware everything published in the print version of qyuuqs News is also published on the Internet and is available to the world. Please consider carefully whether your submissions contain anything you feel may not be suitable or appropriate for the Internet. By submitting your information, stories, and/or photos to qyuuqs News, you agree to publishing your submission in both the print and online versions of qyuuqs News.

Brian Wilbur (360) 588.2812 | bwilbur@

squi-qui Joey Williams (360) 853.5629 | jwilliams@ All Swinomish staff emails:

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qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community produced by Swinomish Communications.

the chairman’s MESSAGE Spring is here and my fishing boats are ready for the water! Many of you grew up fishing on the river, off the banks of Lone Tree, and by Mondovi Island. You learned the sacred traditions of our elders and the value of being able to harvest. We are blessed that the Creator provides us with salmon, crab, shrimp, and shellfish, and that we are able to gather in the places our ancestors have since time immemorial. With broad smiles and excited voices, our elders often share memories of bountiful catches, family gatherings, and smokehouses full of salmon. Today's fishers tell a different story—they talk of fights over resources, elders who long for traditional foods, empty smokehouses, and children who grow up without venturing onto the water. No longer are the resources as bountiful; no longer will you find salmon in every freezer; pots full of crab; clean beaches full of shellfish; a sea floor full of halibut and shrimp. Today, our people and our way of life are suffering from the effects of a long-standing pollution-based economy.

Over the past year the Tribe has taken proactive steps to expand our story beyond the court floor and into the public eye. We are striving to educate the communities around us who call this place home, those who value the lands, waters, and resources as much as we do. We must stand together! Thank you to all who attended the “Stand up for Sovereignty” kick-off dinner in March—nearly 300 tribal members came to show their support! The dinner was held to introduce the Senate’s desire to empower our Tribe and strengthen our status as a sovereign nation by improving and updating our governing documents, particularly the Swinomish Constitution, which is the most important document governing our Tribe. We are truly devoted to ensuring you understand the changes we are recommending and what we are trying to accomplish on your behalf, because amending our constitution affects us all. The Constitutional Reform Committee is hard at work offering informational meetings. Please watch for announcements, events, and join in to learn more about this exciting time for our Tribe. At the end of the day, casting your vote is your way of telling us if we are on the right path. You can visit to learn more, and be sure to join us at the Stand Up and Vote dinner May 16th!

The “This Has to Stop!” March Against Addiction was a memorable moment for our community as we walked together to build awareness about drug addiction amongst our people as well as our neighboring communities. Swinomish is taking an important stand by building the first wellness center in Skagit and Island counties. Thank you for showing your support during this powerful day of love and awareness. We We stand with our fellow Coast Salish tribes in saying all have our heroes, and on this day mine were the "enough is enough". Swinomish is among many survivors and family members who reached out to help Northwest tribes who have built legal policies and one another. As our friend and loved one Mike Porter the scientific capacity necessary to address multiple said so well, “One person is way too many to lose.” threats, including the construction of terminals and an increase of non-refined fossil fuel transport in our May the Creator bless you all and keep you safe while backyards. Millions of gallons of crude oil and coal you gather resources this spring. Nina and I are currently run through our lands via railway, and over honored and blessed to be here for you, and I am truly 18,000 oil and coal vessels travel through our fishing thankful for the love and prayers you share with us. grounds. Please, if you see me hanging my net, stop by and visit. My door is always open to visit, laugh, and share a Our treaty tribes face the harsh reality that it will take prayer with you. just one of these vessels to destroy our lands, waters, and resources. Just one. Swinomish is taking charge spee pots to say no more. Brian Cladoosby sw d bš qyuuqs News 5 e e


Edith Vera Bobb Edith V. Bobb went to be with the Lord on April 18, 2017. She passed away at home peacefully, surrounded by her loving family. Edith was born on September 10, 1938 to David John and Irene (Moses) John. She was a lifetime resident of the Swinomish Tribe and a long time Pentecostal Servant. Edith went to school at Chemawa, and returned home to graduate at the La Conner High School in 1957. She fell in love with Arnold "Arnie" Bobb on August 11, 1960. They had two children and adopted two children. She loved children, her home was always open to her many nieces and nephews. She always welcomed family and friends. Their home was often used as a gathering place for worship. Pentecostals would come from across the Northwest to share songs, scriptures, and companionship. Edith was a member of the Swinomish Senior Center and enjoyed traveling on many trips with all of her friends. In her younger years, her and her sister volunteered a great deal of their time helping others through the Swinomish Ladies Club. She also served as a Swinomish Election Board Member for many years. Edith had many talents, she was very creative with her hands and taught many people how to cook, sew, bead, make baskets, crochet, and knit. She also enjoyed ceramics, fishing, hunting, casino, home shopping networks (HSN, QVC), but most of all, going to garage sales and second hand stores. Edith retired as a cook for the Swinomish Senior Center. She also worked for the Swinomish Fish Plant, Swanson's and Lee's Farms, cutting shakes, and berry picking. Edith was a wonderful, loving role model to her entire community and everyone referred to her as "Auntie Edie." She also attended many Community Dinners. Edith proceeded in death by her parents David and Irene, husband Arnie, sons Donald, Michael, and Tracy. Brothers, Ernest John, Sr., Bobby John, Rodney John, Sr., Robert Joe, Sr. Sisters, Laurinda Washington, Bernita John and Rosemarie Williams. With many nieces and nephews. Survived by adopted daughter Cindy O'rock, sisters Charlene John and Vernitta (Dick) Lewis, and best friend Carole Davis. Many nieces and nephews, good friends, and extended family. The family would like to thank everyone for the love and support. 6 sw d bš qyuuqs News


REGARDING PROPERTY AT: 17598 PIONEER PARK WAY, LA CONNER, WA, 98257 HEARING DATE & TIME: JUNE 19, 2017 AT 11AM TO: ALL PERSONS CLAIMING ANY RIGHT, TITLE, ESTATE, LIEN OR INTEREST IN THE STRUCTURE PREVIOUSLY LOCATED AT 17598 PIONEER PARKWAY, LA CONNER, WA, 98257. The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community intends to demolish the structure located at 17598 Pioneer Parkway, La Conner, WA 98257. The Swinomish Tribal Court will hold a hearing on June 19, 2017 to: • Quiet Title to the structure; • Establish the fair market value of the structure; • Determine who is entitled to compensation; and • Determine the appropriate distribution of compensation among those entitled. If you claim any right, title, lien, or interest in the structure located at 17598 Pioneer Parkway, La Conner, WA 98257, please file any evidence you want the Court to consider on or before June 19, 2017, and attend the hearing on June 19, 2017. But you may also file your evidence in person at the hearing on June 19, 2017.

Please address any questions to: Daniel Watts Office of Tribal Attorney 11404 Moorage Way, La Conner, WA 98257

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Enrollment Department

ENHANCED TRIBAL ID CARD UPDATE Janie Beasley, Enrollment Assistant

The Tribe has been working to develop the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Enhanced Tribal Identification Card (ETC) Program. • The goal is to issue an acceptable alternate Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative document to eligible members for the purpose of establishing tribal membership, and for purposes of entry into the U.S. from Canada at all land and sea ports of entry. • The Tribe entered into a Memorandum of Agreement with Department of Homeland Security Customs and Border Protection on October 7, 2015. • Enhanced Tribal Identification Cards will be available through the Tribe’s Enhanced Tribal Identification Office this year at the end of spring or early summer. The ETC will be available for Tribal members who can establish identity, membership in the Tribe, and U.S. citizenship (birthplace).

COMMUNITY HAPPENINGS MAY 11 Sobriety Dinner 5PM Youth Center & Women's Health Day See Details on PAGE 13 MAY 16 Swinomish Tribal Community Stand Up and Vote Dinner 6PM Youth Center MAY 18 The Blessing of the Fleet & First Salmon Ceremony Luncheon 12PM Youth Center The Blessing to Follow MAY 31 Education Dinner 5PM See Details on PAGE 11 *Community Dinners are subject to change Swinomish events are listed in bold

Questions? Contact the Enrollment Office: (360) 466.7221


MAY 14 Mother's Day MAY 29 Memorial Day

We will keep you updated on ETC progress and let you know when we can start issuing Enhanced Tribal Identification Cards.

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CHAIRMAN CLADOOSBY RECEIVES THE WENDELL CHINO HUMANITARIAN AWARD APRIL 12 — During the 32nd Annual Indian Gaming Tradeshow and Convention hosted by the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA), our very own, Chairman Brian Cladoosby, was presented the Wendell Chino Humanitarian Award! The award is bestowed on a tribal leader who advances peace, promotes justice, believes in fair governance, and fosters inter-cultural understanding. The award is given in honor of the legacy of the late President and Leader of the Mescalero Apache Nation, Wendell Chino, who spent his life protecting tribal sovereignty and advancing self-determination for Indian Country. The National Indian Gaming Association will celebrate the life of Wendell Chino and honor a leader whose life and actions exemplify those of the late Wendell Chino.

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The Chino family presents Chairman Brian Cladoosby the Wendell Chino Humanitarian Award at the NIGA Indian Gaming Tradeshow and Convention

Congratulations Chairman Brian Cladoosby!

This Has to Stop!

March Against Addiction Caroline Edwards

MARCH 20 — Addiction is a disease that affects all communities. Swinomish Community members walked together against addiction, showing everyone their commitment that THIS HAS TO STOP! Huge Edwards sings with the Swinomish Canoe Family

Participants march holding a sign that says, "This Has to STOP"

This event first started a few years ago when the Swinomish Community noticed the rise of drug use in the community. Since then, Swinomish continues to push back together, and hosts the March Against Addiction to spread awareness. Community members gathered at the John K. Bob ballpark. Huge Edwards welcomed participants and thanked them for taking time out of their day to march. He spoke about the passing of his son, Tyler Ross Edwards, and how it feels like his son's passing just happened, even though a few years have gone by. Sophie Bailey (Huge's mother) gave a prayer and the Swinomish Canoe Family sang songs as the marching started. Participants marched through the Swinomish Community, and ended the event with a meal at the Swinomish Youth Center and live entertainment from comedian Mark Lundholm.

Swinomish Community members march together in their stand against addiction

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The Swinomish Canoe Family and community members

Thank you, Wellness Program, for hosting this event! Thank you community members who marched to show your support!


ATTENTION FIREWORKS STAND OWNERS: Calendar for Summer Fireworks Sales – 2017 Brian Wilbur, Fireworks Committee Chair

Fourth of July Season Permit Sales MAY 1, 2017 8:30AM — MAY 17, 2017 ENDING AT 11AM

The Accounting Office is closed for lunch each day from 12PM to 12:30PM. Accounting cannot make change, please bring the exact amount owed. Please note, Accounting is on a 4-day work schedule (Monday through Thursday).

Rates: Retail Stand Owners

Permit Fee: $125 North End, and $100 Village. Sani-cans: $70. Dumpsters: $85. North End Improvement (First Year Only): $100. Refundable Clean Up Deposit: $100. Insurance: $415. All must be paid before the drawing.


Rates: Wholesalers

Permit Fee: $500 + $275 per container. Refundable Clean Up Deposit (on removal of container and inspection of the site): $1000. North End Improvement Fee (paid annually): $100. Wholesalers have the time constraints listed above. Proof of general liability insurance for a minimum of $1,000,000 per incident and $2,000,000 aggregate is required. The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community must be listed as ‘additional insured’. It is required that the insurance deductible not exceed $1,000.00. If your deductible is a higher amount, you may contact your insurance company to make a change OR deposit the difference with us. We cannot issue a permit nor accept containers on our premises until this requirement is met. All insurance certificates must be approved by our Legal Department.

Moving Containers/Trailers

Contact must be made with Greg Douglas before moving in containers/trailers as well as before the removal of containers/trailers. Phone: (425) 327.6804 Email:

Food Vendors

Permit Fee: $100. Sani-cans: $70. Must have food handlers permit from Social Services. Stands must be at least 50 feet from the nearest fireworks stand. Maximum of 4 food vendors. Permit deadline is Tuesday, May 23, 2017 at noon, OR until the available spots are sold, whichever comes first. First come, first served basis, may pick spot. Location: TBD sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


PUBLIC DRAWING FOR RETAILERS May 17, 2017, Noon – Senate Room Revised Drawing Time RETAIL STAND CONSTRUCTION May 19, 2017 – June 4, 2017 RETAIL SALES June 3, 2017 – July 16, 2017


WHOLESALE CONTAINER SETUP May 19, 2017 – June 2, 2017 WHOLESALE SALES May 30, 2017 – July 9, 2017 WHOLESALE CONTAINER REMOVAL By July 14, 2017

The Blessing of the didGaliV Wellness Center Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor

The Swinomish Canoe Family sings a blessing song for the new didGaliV Wellness Center

MARCH 28 — A group of tribal members and tribal employees gathered at the Bayside Fitness Center in Anacortes for a blessing of the building that will house the Tribe's new didGaliV Wellness Center. The plan is to remodel the building and convert it into a intensive outpatient treatment center. The didGaliV Wellness Center will enable the Tribe's Wellness Program to provide treatment services to Native and non-Native community members with chemical dependencies.

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Governor Inslee Signs First Bill of 2017 Tribal Sovereignty in Oral Health

February 22 — Governor Jay Inslee signed SSB 5079 recognizing tribal Dental Health Aide Therapists (DHAT) and securing access to federal funding needed to sustain clinics that use this mid-level provider. SSB 5079 sailed through the state legislature with bi-partisan support this year — its 4th year attempting approval. The new law is widely supported by tribes and tribal organizations across Washington. Senator John McCoy, D-Tulalip, first started working on this issue after the Alaska DHAT program started 12 years ago, and is the prime sponsor of the bill that was signed today. Brian Cladoosby, Chairman of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, and President of the National Congress of American Indians stated, “This bill is first and foremost about sovereignty — the right and responsibility of tribal governments to take care of their people, including oral health. DHAT programs are a proven, tribal solution to the oral health crisis in Indian Country that increases and improves access, increases the number of native oral health providers, and reduces costs.” One year ago, the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community hired DHAT Daniel Kennedy, who became the first tribally-licensed DHAT in the lower 48 states. Because Swinomish created their own licensing board under their innate sovereign authority, the state had no role in approving or denying the license. However, for Tribes that have fewer resources and infrastructure to license their own providers, this new law recognizes the authority of a tribal government to hire federally-certified DHATs. Mel Tonasket, Vice Chairman of the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, and former Washington State Board of Health Commissioner added, “Our Tribe has 9,000 members and a reservation that stretches over 1.3 million acres of remote northeastern Washington. Like every other part of rural Washington, we have challenges to recruit, hire, and retain dental providers. We need providers that come from our community and want to serve our community.” Importantly, this law allows tribes to use their much-needed Indian Health Service funding, and creates a pathway for Medicaid reimbursement. These two funding sources are critical for tribal clinic sustainability.

Chairman Brian Cladoosby, Governor Jay Inslee, Senator John McCoy Photos by: Aaron Barna

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Preschool & Childcare Kiddos Get a Visit with Goats and Chickens FEBRUARY 23 — Josh and Val Lockrem visited the Swinomish Preschool and Childcare with two Nigerian Dwarf Goats and two chickens, treating the kiddos to a fun, hands-on experience with their new farm animal friends.

POLICE Polar Bear Plunge Ann Smock, Records Manger

MARCH 11 — Despite the cold, rain, and wind, a couple dozen brave ‘penguins’ took the plunge for a good cause. The annual Plunge followed the 5K Anne Jackson Memorial run earlier in the day, and supports Washington’s Special Olympics. It is organized by the Anacortes Police Department. The Swinomish Police Department patrol boat provided lifeguards and rescue swimmers for the annual Polar Plunge held in Anacortes.

Officers John Riddle and Carl Pilcher were on the scene at Seafarer’s Memorial Park.

Officer Carl Pilcher and John Riddle

Photos Courtesy of Val Lockrem

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Native Wellness Institute

Being Trauma Informed Cleora Scott, Grants Director

APRIL 12-13 — A historic event occurred in the Swinomish Community to address unhealthy cycles. The Swinomish Senate asked the Native Wellness Institute of the Northwest Indian College (NWIC) to begin a series of learning sessions on “Being Trauma Informed” for the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community. The Native Wellness Institute facilitated a two-day "Being Trauma Informed" training at the Swinomish Casino & Lodge. Looking forward, the vision is to provide this training to every tribal employee and interested community members in order to break the unhealthy cycles that continue to occur in our community. This effort is supported and directed by the Senate in an effort to bring healing and wellness to the community, one person at a time. About 50 people attended this first two-day training session. Jillene Joseph, a NWIC facilitator of the training, shares this about the session: “Being "trauma informed" means that you have a profound understanding of the behaviors associated with trauma. When we do, we can see trauma play out everywhere. When people gather for extended periods of time who have a historical and intergenerational experience with trauma, the behaviors associated with trauma will 100% come out. When we are not actively healing, we are often hurting ourselves and/or others.”

Comments From Past Attendees:

“In the Native Wellness Institute on 'Being Trauma Informed' we learned two important things about healing: Healed people, heal people. Hurt people, hurt people. Be careful and mindful of these two truths. I do.” -Shelly Vendiola, NWIC

“If you have an opportunity to take Trauma Informed, I HIGHLY encourage you to go. It is an eye opener, I PROMISE.” -Clara Rose Seward, Language Teacher “There is no way you could do this training and NOT get something positive out of it. The better we all communicate, the better off we all are, tribal or nontribal.” - Lou D'Amelio, Police Chief “I felt like last week was a bonding experience for us as a staff. I feel like there was a connection forged with everyone else in attendance that could not have come about any other way. And I am grateful for the smiles I have seen and the connection I have felt with my coworkers in attendance since the training occurred." - Liz Miller, Paralegal “This training was a transformative and enlightening experience. The opportunity to learn and work together with community members and tribal employees created bonds through collective understanding. This training daylighted the immense struggles that accompany trauma, but more importantly, the tremendous hope and possibility for healing.” - Emma Fox, Communications Specialist

Please join us for a “Being Trauma Informed” training May 17-18, May 22-23, May 24-25, or May 30-31. To RSVP, contact: Jennifer Wilbur by phone (360) 588.2844, or email Or just join us at the Swinomish Casino & Lodge at any of those set of dates. We hope to see you there!

Training attendees share their thoughts in a group setting

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TIDE TABLE: May 2017 Lone Tree, Snee-Oosh, North Skagit Bay

Swinomish Department of Environmental Protection Day Mon 01 Tue 02


Low 04:21 5.56 ft

09:16 9.63 ft




16:15 −1.20 ft 23:36 11.14 ft

Sunrise 5:50

First Qtr

Sunset 20:24

Moonrise 10:45

Moonset 1:19

05:40 5.56 ft

10:23 8.81 ft

17:14 −0.32 ft





Wed 03

00:44 11.00 ft 07:09 5.10 ft

11:43 8.13 ft

18:19 0.61 ft





Thu 04

01:48 10.95 ft 08:26 4.25 ft

13:13 7.83 ft

19:29 1.45 ft





Fri 05

02:41 10.96 ft 09:24 3.24 ft

14:40 8.00 ft

20:37 2.14 ft





Sat 06

03:25 10.94 ft 10:09 2.27 ft

15:55 8.47 ft

21:38 2.74 ft





Sun 07

04:01 10.86 ft 10:47 1.41 ft

16:56 9.03 ft

22:31 3.31 ft





23:18 3.88 ft

Mon 08

04:30 10.72 ft 11:19 0.70 ft

17:46 9.53 ft





Tue 09

04:57 10.55 ft 11:48 0.14 ft

18:29 9.95 ft





Wed 10

00:00 4.44 ft

05:23 10.34 ft 12:16 −0.31 ft 19:08 10.29 ft Full





Thu 11

00:41 4.93 ft

05:51 10.11 ft 12:45 −0.64 ft 19:44 10.54 ft





Fri 12

01:20 5.35 ft

06:21 9.83 ft

13:17 −0.84 ft 20:19 10.73 ft





Sat 13

02:01 5.67 ft

06:53 9.49 ft

13:51 −0.89 ft 20:57 10.84 ft





Sun 14

02:44 5.89 ft

07:28 9.11 ft

14:28 −0.79 ft 21:37 10.86 ft



Mon 15

03:31 6.03 ft

08:06 8.67 ft

15:08 −0.52 ft 22:20 10.81 ft





Tue 16

04:23 6.05 ft

08:50 8.19 ft

15:52 −0.10 ft 23:07 10.73 ft





Wed 17

05:24 5.91 ft

09:44 7.70 ft

16:40 0.44 ft





Thu 18

23:57 10.66 ft Last Qtr


06:31 5.51 ft

10:54 7.30 ft

17:34 1.06 ft





Fri 19

00:46 10.66 ft 07:33 4.82 ft

12:14 7.14 ft

18:33 1.72 ft





Sat 20

01:32 10.75 ft 08:24 3.85 ft

13:35 7.38 ft

19:35 2.34 ft





Sun 21

02:15 10.90 ft 09:07 2.65 ft

14:49 7.98 ft

20:37 2.93 ft





Mon 22

02:54 11.11 ft 09:47 1.31 ft

15:56 8.83 ft

21:36 3.48 ft





Tue 23

03:31 11.32 ft 10:27 −0.04 ft 16:56 9.74 ft

22:31 4.02 ft





Wed 24

04:10 11.48 ft 11:08 −1.29 ft 17:51 10.57 ft 23:25 4.54 ft





Thu 25

04:49 11.55 ft 11:51 −2.28 ft 18:44 11.25 ft





Fri 26

00:19 4.99 ft

05:31 11.47 ft 12:35 −2.90 ft 19:37 11.70 ft





Sat 27

01:13 5.33 ft

06:16 11.19 ft 13:21 −3.10 ft 20:30 11.95 ft






Sun 28

02:10 5.54 ft

07:05 10.70 ft 14:09 −2.87 ft 21:24 12.00 ft




Mon 29

03:11 5.57 ft

07:59 10.01 ft 14:59 −2.24 ft 22:18 11.91 ft





Tue 30

04:18 5.40 ft

08:59 9.18 ft

15:51 −1.29 ft 23:13 11.73 ft





Wed 31

05:31 4.97 ft

10:09 8.33 ft

16:47 −0.12 ft






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• By one estimate, there are 5 trillion plastic particles floating in the seven seas weighing nearly 270,000 tons. • Americans alone guzzle down 50 billion bottles of water per year. Of that total, it is estimated that only 12 billion bottles are recycled, which means almost 80 percent of those containers become waste. • It’s no secret that the honeybee population has been shrinking in North America and Europe. In the United States, for instance, the number of commercial honeybees has dropped a reported 40 percent since 2006 when bee Colony Collapse Disorder was first noticed. And that’s not a good thing. Why are the bees so important? Because one-third of the human diet is derived from insect-pollinated plants, and 80 percent of that is courtesy of our buzzing friends.


The Pacific Madrone

(Arbutus menziesii)

Creamy white blossoms of a Pacific Madrone

Description The Pacific Madrone has glossy green leaves with clusters of creamy white blossoms that give way to bright red fruits, and further mature in the autumn season. The most common characteristic of the Madrone is the color of its bark, which resembles the color of brown/red cinnamon. The trunk and branches are wrapped in a red smooth bark that peels away in the summer to reveal a tan color underneath. Did you know? No two Madrone's are alike. Each trunk bends and turns in a style of its own, creating a beautiful work of art.

Pacific Madrone tree trunk

Habitat The Madrone is a tree of the species Ericaceae, native to western coastal areas of North America, from British Colombia to California. The Madrone grips rocky and dry bluffs along the Puget Sound, and in doing so provides excellent erosion control as its roots spread widely and hold the soil in place. They harbor insect eating birds, while attracting bees and hummingbirds. The arching tree trunk over beaches and shallow waters helps to shade developing fish. Madrones drop "litter" year round. They peel bark leaves, flowers, and berries. Eventually this material decomposes and adds valuable organic matter to soils. Madrone is a romantic looking tree that is distinguishable amongst its surrounding evergreen neighbors. sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News e e

A creamy white individual blossom



APRIL 4 — We shouldn’t reverse course after more than 20 years of hard work to update Washington’s water quality standards. Today our state’s standards for protecting human health from toxics in our waters are among the strongest in the nation. That’s why we were disappointed to learn that an industry coalition is asking the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to rescind updated water quality standards developed with the state that took effect in November. This request comes not because the science has changed, but because the politics have. Regardless, we believe that those who pollute our waters and threaten our health must be held accountable. All along, industry has fought efforts to implement more protective water standards because they claim it will increase their cost of doing business, but they have never said how much. We believe that human health should come before profits and that an economy based on polluting our waters cannot be sustained. It’s important to remember that the new standards won’t even be fully implemented for a number of years, giving industry plenty of time and flexibility to comply. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


Water quality standards are based mostly on how much fish and shellfish we eat. The more we eat, the cleaner the water must be. Two numbers drive the standards: our fish consumption rate and our cancer risk rate from eating local seafood. Until last November, the state used a fish consumption rate of only 6.5 grams per day — about one big bite — to determine water quality standards. The rate was based on studies from the 1970s and was woefully out of date.

It would be wasteful to start over again only because political agendas have changed. The long process that established the new standards is based on sound science, and that science has not changed. Here in the PNW our culture reflects the remarkable environment we share and the wealth it provides for all of us.

The new standards reflect a more realistic fish consumption rate of 175 grams or about 6 ounces per day. It’s a significant step forward even though studies show that tribal members, Asian and Pacific Islanders, and many others eat much more than that per day.

In developing the new standards, EPA clearly recognized the federal government’s trust responsibility to protect the health and treaty rights of the tribes, which benefits everyone who lives here. Protective standards not only support our health and welfare, they drive efforts to control pollution at its source and help stimulate economic growth through scientific innovation.

Fortunately, these standards maintain the one in one million cancer risk rate already in place to protect us from toxics in fish and shellfish from our waters.

All of our cultures and economies depend on clean and available natural resources. Forward is the only direction we should go with these more protective standards.

The new standards also tackle some of the most toxic chemicals in our waters such as PCBs, arsenic and mercury. These three chemicals are responsible for most fish consumption health advisories in the state. These standards are a win for everyone and must be preserved.

Being Frank is a monthly column written by the chair of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. As a statement from the NWIFC chair, the column represents the interests and concerns of treaty Indian tribes throughout western Washington.

SWINOMISH POLAR BEAR TRIP Bill Schaarschmidt, Education Department

APRIL 27-MARCH 3 — A group of native teens embarked on a long trip of cross-country skiing and winter camping in the Okanogan National Forest! Participants included Michael Page, Cordell Baker, Elijah Adams, Arjuna Adams, Jeremiah Williams, Kaleb Parker, Jace Kinsman, Steven Holbert, Galen McKnight, and Zach Schaarschmidt. I hope you enjoy these pictures from our very cold, snowy, and exciting trip!

All set for cross-country skiing!

Arjuna Adams and Jeremiah Williams

The guys kept the fire going to stay warm as their night began

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Elijah Adams

Cross country skiing



Why Should Baby Boomers Get Tested While anyone can contract Hepatitis C, more than 75% of adults infected are baby boomers (born from 1945 through 1965). Hepatitis C can inhabit your body for many years with no symptoms. Most people with Hepatitis C do not know they are infected.

People with Hepatitis C • Often have no symptoms • Can live with an infection for decades without feeling sick • Can usually be successfully treated with medications

• Baby boomers are five times more likely to have Hepatitis C. • The longer people live with Hepatitis C, the more likely they are to develop serious, life-threatening liver disease. • Getting tested can help people learn if they are infected and get them into lifesaving care and treatment.

How would someone know they have Hepatitis C? The only way to know if someone has Hepatitis C is to get tested. Doctors use a blood test to find out if a person has ever been infected.

It is recommended that anyone born from 1945 through 1965 get tested for Hepatitis C. Why do baby boomers have such high rates of Hepatitis C? The reason baby boomers have high rates of Hepatitis C is not completely understood. It is believed most boomers became infected in the 1970s and 1980s when rates of Hepatitis C were very high. Since people with Hepatitis C can live for decades without symptoms, many baby boomers are living with an infection they got many years ago. Hepatitis C is mostly spread through contact with blood from an infected person. Many baby boomers could have been infected from contaminated blood and blood products before widespread screening of the blood supply began in 1992. Others may have become infected from injecting drugs, even if only once. Still, many baby boomers with Hepatitis C do not know how or when they were infected. What should you know about Hepatitis C? Hepatitis C is a serious liver disease that results from infection with the Hepatitis C virus. Some people who get infected with Hepatitis C are able to get rid of the virus, but most people who get infected develop a lifelong infection. Over time, chronic Hepatitis C can cause serious health problems including liver damage, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and even death. In fact, Hepatitis C is a leading cause of liver cancer and the leading cause of liver transplants. 20 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Hepatitis C Antibody Test Results When getting tested for Hepatitis C, be sure to ask when and how test results will be given to you. The test results usually take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks to come back. What do the results mean? Non-reactive or a Negative Hepatitis C Antibody Test • A non-reactive, or negative, antibody test means that a person does not have Hepatitis C. • However, if a person has been recently exposed to the Hepatitis C virus, he or she will need to be tested again. Reactive or a Positive Hepatitis C Antibody Test • A reactive, or positive, antibody test means that Hepatitis C antibodies were found in the blood and a person has been infected with the Hepatitis C virus at some point in time. • A reactive antibody test does not necessarily mean a person still has Hepatitis C. • Once people have been infected, they will always have antibodies in their blood. This is true if even if they have cleared the Hepatitis C virus. • A reactive antibody test requires an additional follow-up test to see if a person is currently infected with Hepatitis C. It is important that you ask for this follow-up test. For more information Talk to a health professional at your local clinic! Or visit

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Sheltering in Place

Creating a Safe Room in Your Home Why Create a Safe Room?

Your house provides a good first-layer barrier against chemical airborne agents. Additional protection is achieved by tightly sealing one room of your home that you have pre-designated and prepared.

What is a Safe Room?

A safe room is one that easily and quickly can be sealed to protect you from airborne agents, and that has a few supplies to get you through the hours that you will need to stay inside. All doors and windows of that room will be sealed with plastic sheeting and tape, and dampened towels or cloths will be placed under the doors. You will probably need to stay inside several hours, but not several days. So, choose a room that can accommodate your needs for several hours. A master bedroom with an attached bathroom is ideal to give you access to the toilet and running water.

How to Prepare a Safe Room • • • •

Choose one room of your home that you can tightly seal Purchase plastic sheeting and cloth tape or duct tape Pre-cut the plastic to fit all windows, vents, and doors of this room, and label each piece Create a box or container to hold the pre-cut plastic, tape, and these additional supplies: a batterypowered AM/FM radio (power may be out), extra batteries, some snack foods, some water, and some towels and blankets (if this is another room than the bedroom). Store this box in your safe room.

In General

• Shelter where you are unless directed otherwise by response officials • It is only natural to want to be with your loved ones, but it is safer to stay where you are. Do not attempt to get your children from school or day care. • Typically, events of this type do not last long. The hazardous agents are moved about by air and wind, which is constantly circulating. • In extreme cases of contamination, breathing through a wet cloth provides additional protection • Listen to the radio for instructions. Officials will be giving instructions about whether or not to evacuate, and when it is safe to come out.

Source: Washington State Emergency Management Division

Learn how to use it. Call the Wellness Program at (360) 466-1024 to pick up a kit. sw d bš qyuuqs News


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An Inconvenient Truth Released in 2006, An Inconvenient Truth is a documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim about former United States Vice President Al Gore's campaign to educate citizens about global warming. Gore does so via a comprehensive slide show that, by his own estimate made in the film, he has presented more than a thousand times.

Quotes & Questions to Think About "This isn't a political issue, it's a moral issue." "Do we have to pick the economy or the environment? Can we find a solution that balances them both?" "What are the obstacles to understanding this issue?" "Are you ready to change how you live?" "The solutions are in our own hands to reduce our carbon footprint."

Notes to Consider Before Watching

• The film focuses on science, facts, and figures. • The film's narration is delivered in a town hall style presentation, which allows a televised viewer to feel included in a larger collective audience. • The film examines the issue of climate change through Gore’s experiences and research, sharing what grabbed his focus initially on this issue, and what drives him to be an advocate for change and environmental protection. • The film dates itself by using the term ‘global warming,’ but in doing so shows how the research and understanding of climate change issues have evolved in the last eleven years. • Gore stresses the importance of changing how we think to evolve steadily with the technological advances we make. • The film imparts the viewer with a responsibility to understand climate warnings, and as a citizen of the earth, make sure these warnings get the attention they deserve.

qyuuqs News Rating

qyuuqs News gives An Inconvenient Truth 3 out of 5 stars. The film is educational and enlightening, but the complex "sciencespeak" was difficult to understand and disengaging at times. qyuuqs News found An Inconvenient Truth on: Amazon Video

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SWINOMISH EMPLOYEE HIGHLIGHT Name: Tanisha Gobert Title: Kukutali Caretaker/Naturalist & Environmental Health and Wellness Intern Department: Environmental Protection

What are the challenges of your job? We don’t grow when things are easy; we grow when we face challenges. Every day I face challenges, it’s the attitude I take into everyday that helps me stand and overcome them. How do you strive to do a quality job? See the job task to completion and be patient and listen. What is your favorite part about working for Swinomish? The amount of support my children and I receive from coworkers and the community. The amount of respect I have for the Swinomish people for taking my family in as your own and treating me as a family member is tremendous.

Tanisha Gobert with her daughters.

What are 3 words you would describe Swinomish as? Family, community, and cultural. If your direct supervisor was an animal, what would he or she be? Discover if they are a night owl, early bird, fierce killer whale, a gentle rabbit, or a soaring eagle. Go with it! This is just for fun! A sheep because I’m a wolf. LOL. Just kidding!

Personal Stats

What do you do in your spare time? Run, bead, paint, spend time with family and friends. What are three things left on your bucket list? Fancy shawl dance, Paris, build my own home. Describe your self in three words. Tough, nice, smart.

The qyuuqs News staff started a Swinomish Employee Highlight section to recognize the employees of Swinomish for all of the hard work that they do for the Tribe. Each month we will highlight one employee and ask them questions about their job and some personal stats. We hope you enjoy learning about these employees! sw d bš qyuuqs News 23 e e

What are your job duties? • Serve as first point of contact for staff and public calling or visiting Kukutali Preserve • Responsible for daily patrol, grounds maintenance, and guided tours of the island • Complete monthly contact logs with detailed time tracking • Assisted in the development of an interpretive plan to educate the public about the history, cultural resources, and stewardship of Kukutali Preserve • Serve as a graduate intern assisting in the development of 13 Moons First Food Curriculum and participation in curriculum workshops • Active member of the Annual Swinomish Earth Day and Clambake events • Other duties as assigned

Swinomish Civics 101: The History of Our Constitution 1936


The Tribe adopts a constitution and by-laws and a corporate charter under the Indian Reorganization Act.

At the urging of Tandy Wilbur, Sr., the Tribe amends the Constitution and Corporate Charter to allow the Tribe to enter longer leases in order to foster economic development.

1966 Shelter Bay Development c. 1980s


Swinomish Village from La Conner c. 1950

The Tribe amends the Constitution and Corporate Charter, both of which contained obstacles to the Tribe’s ability to create much needed economic development on the Reservation. The Charter was amended to allow the Tribe to borrow money and sign contracts under $10k without Secretarial approval. The Constitution was amended to give the Senate authority to use community land for the Tribe’s benefit and to purchase additional lands; create efficiencies of office with less expense; and enlarge the geographical area in which members would be eligible to vote and hold office.

Under the leadership of Tandy Wilbur, Jr., the Tribe amends the Corporate Charter to remove the requirement of Secretarial review for Senate actions on economic development matters and return sovereign powers to the Tribe previously diminished by the need to obtain federal approval of its actions.

1985 Groundbreaking for Swinomish Bingo Hall, 1984


Original ballot and vote tally First Swinomish Constitution Election - 1935

Under Wa-Walton’s leadership, the Tribe amends the Constitution to regulate Reservation land use, alter petition and quorum requirements for General Council meetings, and allow off-Reservation members to vote in tribal elections when they exhibit continued and regular contact with the Tribe.

We are at an important crossroads in our move towards self-determination. We can either remain where we are, limited in our actions by the policies of the BIA and outdated language in our governing documents OR we can move ahead on our path towards fully reclaiming our status as a true sovereign nation.

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Standing up for Sovereignty, 2017

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Community Environmental Health Program RESEARCHING SWINOMISH SEAFOOD Jamie Donatuto, Analyst

The Swinomish Community Environmental Health Program works to support and enhance community health and wellbeing in the Swinomish way. We accomplish this through a diverse range of projects: we research local seafood and how it connects to community health; we work to show how local seafood is not just a source of calories, but also a treaty-protected right for the Swinomish Tribe; and we study the many connections between seafood and the community’s health and wellbeing. To illustrate the unique significance of seafood to the Swinomish people, we have developed the Indigenous Health Indicators as a way to explain these important connections that are often misunderstood outside of the Swinomish community. In today’s world, there are many negative impacts affecting Swinomish seafood. One of those impacts is climate change. We are currently conducting a research project to examine how rising sea levels and bigger storm surges could affect six different areas on the Reservation where shellfish and salmon habitat is located (see map of areas). Why do we study this? We want to ensure that Swinomish seafood is sustainable—that these resources will be cared for today, and made available to the future generations of this community. While we cannot account for all possible impacts, our studies on climate change will help us identify and prepare for what is in store. What will we do with the information we gather? Two things: 1) We will utilize these findings to inform the Swinomish Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan. One action item of this plan is to develop a clam garden—an ancient Salish Sea aquaculture practice. Clam gardens are terraced areas of beach that were built and tended by Coast Salish peoples for thousands of years. Recent studies have shown that clam populations in the clam 26 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e




4 5

Map of the Swinomish Indian Reservation highlighting six project focus areas.


beds are more abundant compared to similar areas without clam gardens. The low rock walls of the clam gardens may help deflect negative impacts from sea level rise and storm surge as well. Clam gardens could help keep clams a sustainable seafood for Swinomish for generations to come. 2) We want to discuss our findings with you and hear feedback from the Swinomish community! What do you think about these findings? Are there one or more sites that you feel are most important to protect? If you would like to talk to us about this issue, please contact Myk Heidt at (360) 466.1532 or For more information on the climate change and Swinomish seafood projects, please contact Jamie Donatuto at (360) 466.1532 or jdonatuto@swinomish. For more information on clam gardens, please contact Courtney Greiner at or the Swinomish shellfish office phone: (360) 466.7315.




High risk


Medium high risk


Medium high risk

Clams Salmon




Clams Studies at Lone Tree show seafood in the area are facing great risk.

CLAM SURVEY WITH FISHERIES DEPARTMENT ON CRANDALL SPIT Sonni Tadlock, Environmental Health Curriculum Program; Julie Barber, Senior Shellfish Biologist

This particular site is located directly in front of the Shell oil refinery on Crandall Spit within Fidalgo Bay. Due to poor water quality, this beach has been closed to harvest for many years. The survey was conducted to determine how dense the clam population is on that particular beach, with the goal of eventually opening the beach for bait clam harvest. The team completed 26 transect lines (161 quadrats) and collected 11

species of clams between the group of eight workers. The group was surprised by the amount of clams they found on the long stretch of beach, but were also were saddened to know that these traditional foods are being denied to tribal member's harvest activities due to poor water quality. A wide variety of species were located on the beach, including native littleneck clams, cockles, manilas, and butter clams. Though the oil refinery has been on this site since 1958, this survey was the first done by the Tribe in the last decade. The results are currently being reviewed by the Swinomish Legal Department, and we hope to be in communication with Shell soon to discuss exercising the Tribe’s treaty right to harvest clams off this beach for bait. This was Beth’s first time clam digging, and as a tribal member she was surprised that she had never even been on that particular beach.

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August 2, 2016 — Community Environmental Health Program Interns enjoyed an opportunity to get out from behind their desks and take a boat ride to Crandall Spit to perform a clam survey. Beth Willup (Swinomish) and Sonni Tadlock (Okanogan Colville), both students of Northwest Indian College, volunteered to help the Fisheries Department perform a clam survey on a beach in this usual and accustomed area of the Swinomish Tribe.

Department of Environmental Protection WATER QUALITY STANDARDS UPDATE Lindsay Logan, Environmental Technician Todd Mitchell, Environmental Director

What do you get when you join sustainability and sovereignty? You get an opportunity to protect the natural resources of your community. One way in which the Swinomish Department of Environmental Protection has done this is by applying our own water quality standards to the waters on and around the Reservation. Water quality standards are a federally-supported method for the Swinomish government to assert its sovereign powers in protecting the Reservation's water resources. The Swinomish Water Quality Standards Code was developed as a mechanism for managing and regulating the quality of Swinomish surface waters by establishing water quality goals, and by providing a legal basis for regulatory controls. These standards prevent the degradation of water quality, and in doing so provide for cultural and spiritual uses, protect and propagate fish and wildlife, recreation, and historic and potential uses. The road toward adopting approved water quality standards has been a long one (beginning roughly 20 years ago!), but great progress has been made in the recent months. The Clean Water Act authorizes EPA to delegate establishment of water quality standards on 28 sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News

Indian lands to Tribes (via Treatment as State). In April 2008 Swinomish was approved by EPA for Treatment in the Same Manner as a State, which allows us to adopt our own Water Quality Standards. After many drafts, many more reviews, and countless hours spent by our technical staff Emily Haley and Todd Mitchell, a final draft of Swinomish Water Quality Standards was presented to the Planning Commission in October 2016. After that, the process for approving the standards went through a public comment period which culminated in a public hearing on January 9, 2017. After final revision and review, the water quality standards finally made it to the Swinomish Senate in February, where Senator Joseph Williams made the motion to officially adopt the standards. The motion was seconded by Senator Brian Porter and the Code (Ordinance #364) was passed by a final vote of 7-0-0! The final step will be acquiring formal approval from the BIA and EPA. These standards allow the Tribe to promote and protect public health, safety, social welfare and economic well-being of the Swinomish Community. Sustainability through sovereignty is a wonderful standard indeed.

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La Conner Soroptimist Student Volunteer of the Month For March: Zanetta Cayou Linda Talman

The La Conner Soroptimist student volunteer of the month for March is Zanetta Cayou! Zanetta’s generous service to her community keeps her highly involved and helps her to grow her leadership skills. Zanetta is currently a senior at the La Conner High School. She is the president of the Swinomish Youth Council — a group that does a tremendous amount of work at Swinomish. There are eight youth on the board, and four others who also serve. They perform humble efforts like picking up garbage, social efforts such as working to help with the annual Swinomish Days, dance and noble efforts such as working for the Suicide Prevention Summit in September. Zanetta is working towards becoming a leader in the community. It is quite a journey, she says. Zanetta is also involved in planning the Suicide Prevention Summit that Swinomish is hosting. It is an intertribal summit. Debra Lekanof is helping the Youth Council plan the event. Adults from the community will also be volunteering at this event. The tag line for this event is “Stronger together. We need you.” They will have a flyer out and information on the website about the event. Zanetta also goes to powwows where she dances in the traditional style. (There are three categories of dance for girls and three for guys. Traditional is one of those. The other ones are fancy and jingle.) As Miss Swinomish 2016-2017 she represents Swinomish at various events. She likes seeing all the different faces and have conversations with the different people. Of course, Zanetta serves at community dinners, helping with elders and where ever she can help her community. Zanetta will be attending Arizona State at Tempe next year to get a degree in Indian Studies. She wants to help the community in ways unknown to her at this time. Zanetta comes by her desire to serve naturally. Her mom, Loriann Cayou, is an elders caseworker. While 30 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Our very own Miss Swinomish, Zanetta Cayou

her grandmother is Mary Ellen Cayou who works at the Social Services as the Tribe's Administrative Assistant Emeritus. Her dad, Fred Cayou, is a fisherman and a commercial diver. Her family, which also includes siblings General and Ayla have much to be proud for all the work that their younger sister does for her community. Her infectious smile and boundless enthusiasm sets her journey into the future. As Volunteer of the Month, she has been awarded a gift certificate to Vintage La Conner Thrift and Consignment — the shop run by volunteers for scholarships and other efforts that help women — and made possible by the donations from our community.

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Youth Center staff all tuckered out at the end of Spring Break!

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Tooth Time

Silver Diamine Fluoride Dr. Ray Dailey

This month's dental topic is Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF). Why is Doctor D. so very excited about SDF? There are many community members out there that do not want to see me for their dental check-ups. I understand that. Who really wants to see their friendly, charming, neighborhood dentist? There are strange smells and sounds at the Dental Clinic, and everybody that works there dresses up like it’s the day after the plague. On top of that, there is the whole situation of getting numbed up! Nobody likes that, but until recently it was the only way to treat tooth decay. This is where SDF comes in. SDF will stop cavities in their tracks. It can make a painful tooth not hurt. It can make a tooth strong again. No, Dr. D hasn’t fallen down and knocked his head, this is real, and it may change dentistry forever. SDF is the answer.

ANNUAL SWINOMISH SOBRIETY DINNER May 11, 5PM Arrive early to submit your nominations for the Swinomish Elder Award & Joe Dunn Memorial Award

5PM | Doors open 6 | Dinner 7 | Speakers 8 | Honor Awards 8:30 | Thank the Cooks 8:40 | Closing Words

All we have to do is brush it on. It’s that simple! We will do this once a month for 3 months then as needed. So if you have a sore tooth but don’t want it worked on, or if you can’t stand the sound of the drill, SDF might be for you. I know what you are thinking, “Come on Doctor D., what’s the side effects?” Well, there are a few. One is that it has a metallic taste. We will rinse that off. The second side effect is that it can turn a cavity black, but if you have a cavity then it is already black. Those are the biggest side effects of using SDF. Important factors about SDF 1. It is easy to put on! 2. Makes your teeth not hurt! 3. Makes your teeth strong! If you have any questions about SDF please give the Dental Clinic a call Monday through Thursday at (360) 466.3900. 32 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Jeff Edwards LAWN CARE + GARDENING + HAULING SERVICES Cell (360) 612-7607 Home (360) 630-5498 PO Box 1551 La Conner WA, 98257

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Welcome To The Science Corner! Todd Mitchell, Science Corner Contributor-Department of Environmental Protection

The Swinomish scientists are working to protect Mother Earth for the next seven generations. The Swinomish Tribe employs many scientists that study our environment and natural resources including our waters, air, land, fish, shellfish, and wild game. Our work is used to describe the health of our natural resources and develop protection strategies, policies, and sustainable practices. On these Science Corner pages, we will bring you articles about our scientific research efforts, updates on specific projects, how this work affects the community and you, and ways you can help our natural resources. In the coming months, we will introduce or re-introduce you to our environmental and natural resources programs and the scientists that work for these programs (across several tribal departments and the Skagit River System Cooperative).

Swinomish Marched For Science

Lindsay T. Logan, Science Corner Contributor-Department of Environmental Protection

APRIL 22 — The mood at the Seattle March for Science was decidedly upbeat despite the drizzly weather. Myriads of people came out to march including college professors, students, professionals, families with young children, as well as Swinomish staff and tribal members! People from all walks of life came together in support of science-based policies.

What is the March for Science? “The March for Science champions robustly funded and publicly communicated science as a pillar of human freedom and prosperity. We unite as a diverse, nonpartisan group to call for science that upholds the common good and for political leaders and policy makers to enact evidence based policies in the public interest.” (

Swinomish science marchers pose in front of the Space Needle in Seattle.

Marches took place in over 600 cities across the United States and around the world. Swinomish employees and tribal members represented the Tribe in three separate marches on Earth Day. The largest Swinomish gathering was at the Seattle event, where we marched alongside roughly 20,000 other science supporters. Others joined thousands in Bellingham, while one representative joined in the Portland march of roughly 10,000.

Swinomish representatives joined thousands of other science supporters at the Seattle March for Science on Earth Day.

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Why We Marched: At Swinomish, many science programs and projects are funded by federal government grants. The White House’s draft budget proposes cuts to programs like the EPA that could have a direct impact on the Tribe’s ability to sustain important scientific research and monitoring that protects our natural resources, the environment, and impacts human health.

Mindful Money Matters AVOID PAYDAY LOANS Dear Peggy Payday: I have a “payday loan” and now I can’t seem to get my head above water. What can I do to get outta this mess? ~ Signed, Nothing Left Dear Nothing Left: At first glance, those payday loan stores appear to offer easy money. They are rarely a solution to financial problems. These loans are designed to trap you in a cycle of debt – it’s true. The fees are so high that while the loan might help you make it to payday, by the time you get there you will probably find yourself short on money and need to take out a new loan. And then they got ya. And once they got ya, they look forward to seeing you every two weeks to collect those loan fees, which can really add up. Everyone experiences financial emergencies at some point or another and a payday loan might look like a good option. And usually those people at the payday loan store are happy to help. But remember, there are a lot of more affordable options available to you – ones that don’t come with high interest rates and high fees. Consider these: 1. Use your credit card, if you have one. Even for a cash advance, it will be less expensive. 2. Ask family or close friends for a loan to float you to payday. 3. Go to a local credit union, small bank or Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI) and borrow money at a more reasonable cost. 4. Practice saving and budgeting your money if you can - it helps to have savings to get you through a tough time. 34 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Just keep in mind that if you take out a payday loan it probably indicates a bigger problem – getting your expenses to match your income. You probably signed up for one of these loans to make ends meet for regular day-to-day expenses or to pay for a sudden “crisis” expense. In any case, it now has you in its grip, and it’s not a pretty sight. So if you have a payday loan, pay it off as soon as possible. And while you are doing that, let’s look at the bigger picture to get your expenses in line with your income. That will help you avoid the need to borrow money in the future and, hopefully, keep you out of the grip of highinterest payday loans. You need to create a budget – I covered that in one of my previous columns. Budgets are the best way to see and understand 1) how much money you have coming in and, 2) how much is going out each month. It also helps you see just what you are spending your money on. If you have more coming in than going out, that’s good! Start saving and investing that extra money (and pay down any debt you owe first, such as that payday loan). But my guess is the opposite is true – you have more going out than coming in each month. That means you’ll have to find ways to cut back expenses in order to live within your means.

By tracking where you spend your money, it will give you some good ideas where you can cut back or eliminate altogether. These can be very hard choices: Can you take your lunch to work instead of eating out? Can you watch DVDs instead of going to the movies? How can you reduce or eliminate bills for phone, cable TV, electricity, water or natural gas? Do you really need more expensive “name brands” or will generics or less-costly alternatives be acceptable? Can you cut back on “impulse” purchases? To improve the income side of your budget, can you get a part-time or second job? If there is just no way you can get ahead of your expenses, it might be time to seek the help of an accredited nonprofit credit counselor or counseling agency. To learn more about payday loans and lenders, the Corporation for Enterprise Development has some great consumer information at As well, First Nations Development Institute has several publications on payday lenders and a Financial Skills Workbook to learn more about taking care of your money at http://www.

This article was provided by First Nations Development Institute with assistance from the FINRA Investor Education Foundation. For more information, visit

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Protect Your Family With a Smoke Alarm Skagit County Fire District 13 and American Red Cross have joined forces for Fire Prevention Protect your Family with a FREE 10 year smoke alarm! • 60% of house deaths occur in homes with no functional smoke alarms. • During a home fire, working smoke alarms and a fire escape plan can save lives. • Do you have working alarms and an escape plan? If not, we can help. On a first come, first served basis, Skagit County Fire District 13 can install a smoke alarm in your home for FREE, and share information about how to prepare for the worst. To take advantage of this limited time offer, Call (360) 466.1224. While your on the phone, tell us you’re interested in the home fire preparedness campaign!

The Housing Authority Do You Have Renters' Insurance? John Petrich, Housing Authority Director

As you may know there have been two house fires on the Reservation in the past year that have impacted tribal members. Fortunately, there were no physical injuries caused by these fires and the houses were covered by insurance through the Housing Authority.

Unfortunately, the occupants of the homes did not have did not have renter’s insurance and they lost all of their possessions (clothing, furniture, electronics, etc.). They had to depend on donations and spent a significant amount of their own money to replace lost belongings. We encourage all members to contact their insurance agent and ask about a renter’s policy. Usually they are very reasonably priced. If you do not have a local insurance agent contact Robin Carneen-Edwards at the Housing office for information on renter’s insurance through AMERIND, a Native American owned insurance company. sw d bš qyuuqs News 35 e e

Brunch & The Easter Egg Hunt APRIL 15 — It was such a beautiful day for a community Easter gathering. Many families arrived early to eat brunch, but soon after the children ate, they were ready for the Easter Egg Hunt. Each egg hunt was held in age groups. The prizes included Easter baskets, eggs filled with sweets and money. The grand prizes from the gold and silver eggs were summer oriented water floaties.

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MAY 2017





Clam Chowder Cheese Sandwich Veggie Tray w/Dip Fresh Fruit Bowl

Indian Tacos Meat/Beans/Cheese Lettuce/Tomato/Onion Jell-O w/Fruit

Fish Rice Carrots Fruit Salad




10 WED


Hamburgers Lettuce/Tomato/Onion Lay Chips Fresh Fruit Bowl

Baked Chicken Scallop Potato/Roll Seasoned Green Beans Mandarin Oranges

Fish Oven Rolls Corn/Baked Beans Fruit Salad

Eggs Pancake Berries Vegetable Juice

15 MON


17 WED


Turkey Cheese Sandwich Tomato Soup Lettuce/Tomato Fresh Fruit Bowl

Meat Chili Cornbread/Crackers Veggie Tray w/Dip Pears

Fish Red Potatoes/Roll Cooked Spinach Fruit Salad

Pork Ribs Macaroni & Cheese Green Beans Watermelon

22 MON


24 WED


Tuna Sandwich Lay Chips Veggie Tray w/Dip Fresh Fruit Bowl

Ham Stir Fried Rice Broc/Caul/Carrot Pineapple

Fish Macaroni Salad Seasoned Green Beans Fruit Salad

Eggs + Sausage Gravy Biscuits Tomatoes Berries

29 MON


31 WED


Meat Lasagna French Bread Mixed Green Salad Fresh Fruit Bowl

Fish Rice Cauliflower & Carrots Fruit Salad

Egg & Potato Casserole Rolls Tomato Slices Berries

*Lunch served Mon-Thurs. No take away meals until 11AM. Call (360) 466.3980 to cancel home delivery. Milk served with all meals.

Community Dinner May 17, 2017 6PM Youth Center Full moon coming over the mountains.

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Mrs. V’s 2 Cents Diane Vendiola

Sustainability encompasses the tremendous responsibility of each generation to act as stewards of any asset that supports life; this is essential for future generations to come. Self-governance is one such asset significant to the Swinomish people.

So, what must be done today to ensure sustainability of our Tribe’s self-governance? We must strive to maintain what our ancestors talked about and promoted: a deep and serious respect for becoming educated people.

Today, our Swinomish Tribal Community and our Senate holds the power to determine our Tribe’s governance construct, to pass laws, and to enforce those laws through the Swinomish Tribal Police and the Swinomish Tribal Court. Through their operations, our government provides essential programs and services for our people.

If we are to serve our families and communities to the best of our abilities, we must do everything in our power to acquire the highest knowledge available to us. If we are to meet and overcome the obstacles we face today, we must continually reach for the dream our fathers and mothers held for us: an education that provides knowledge and the power that comes with it to sustain the quality of life established for us by past leaders.

Washington State government and our Swinomish government have a lot in common, and the practice of our positive relationship results in more benefits for everyone. The status of our tribal government is crucial to almost every single issue concerning Native Americans today. Self-government is essential if the Swinomish Tribal Community is to continue determining the conditions of our way of life and who we are as Native people. Tribal leaders and scholars identify three key points that stand in the way of tribal self-governance: • Outdated administrative systems that are no longer efficient or effective • Lack of coordination among federal agencies • Regulations and laws that prevent and/or hinder tribal governments’ equal access to federal programs when compared to state and local government access

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It is up to us to ensure that our future leadership is equipped with appropriate academic and experiential background to sustain our sovereignty as a people. For the successors of leadership in the future, we already know that work begins in the elementary grades and continues all the way through to college level. We must be involved in our young peoples’ education, just as our parents and grandparents were involved in ours. We’ve got to fulfill our responsibility to sustain all Swinomish assets for our greatgrandchildren, the successors of future leadership. I truly miss the faith, commitment, vitality and energy of the people who set the example before us; our own advocates for education, those members of our past Indian Education Parent Committees. I’m sure one of them was from your family too.

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When is a Good Time to Start Receiving Social Security Benefits? Kirk Larson Social Security Washington Public Affairs Specialist

Enjoying a comfortable retirement is everyone’s dream. For over 80 years, Social Security has been helping people realize those dreams, assisting people through life’s journey with a variety of benefits. It’s up to you as to when you can start retirement benefits. You could start them a little earlier or wait until your “full retirement age.” There are benefits to either decision, pun intended. Full retirement age refers to the age when a person can receive their Social Security benefits without any reduction, even if they are still working part or full time. In other words, you don’t actually need to stop working to get your full benefits.

You can start receiving Social Security benefits as early as age 62 or any time after that. The longer you wait, the higher your monthly benefit will be, although it stops increasing at age 70. Your monthly benefits will be reduced permanently if you start them any time before your full retirement age. For example, if you start receiving benefits in 2017 at age 62, your monthly benefit amount will be reduced permanently by about 26 percent. On the other hand, if you wait to start receiving your benefits until after your full retirement age, then your monthly benefit will be higher. The amount of this increase is two-thirds of one percent for each month (or eight percent for each year) that you delay receiving them until you reach age 70. The choices you make may affect any benefit your spouse or children can receive on your record, too. If you receive benefits early, it may reduce their potential benefit, as well as yours.

You need to be as informed as possible when making any decision about receiving Social Security benefits. Read the publication When to Start Receiving Retirement Benefits at If you decide to receive benefits before you reach full retirement age, you should also understand how continuing to work can affect your benefits. Social Security may withhold or reduce your benefits if your annual earnings exceed a certain amount. However, for every month benefits are withheld, it increases your future benefits. That’s because at your full retirement age Social Security will recalculate your benefit amount to give you credit for the months in which benefits were reduced or withheld due to your excess earnings. In effect, it’s as if you hadn’t filed for those months. You can learn more at socialsecurity. gov/planners/retire/whileworking.html. Social Security’s mission is to secure your today and tomorrow. Helping you make the right retirement decisions is vital. You can learn more at Retirement Planner at

sw d bš qyuuqs News 39 e e

For people who attain age 62 in 2017 (i.e., those born between January 2, 1955 and January 1, 1956), full retirement age is 66 and two months. Full retirement age was age 65 for many years. However, due to a law passed by Congress in 1983, it has been gradually increasing, beginning with people born in 1938 or later, until it reaches 67 for people born after 1959. You can learn more about the full retirement age and find out how to look up your own at planners/retire/retirechart.html.

sw d bš qyuuqs News 43 e e

Housing for Adults in Recovery

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                            

Registered Sex Offenders

          

Per the Swinomish Law and Order Committee, this content has been requested to be included in this edition of the  qyuuqs News because they reside on the Swinomish Reservation.   



            


                                                                                                                                

  

                                                        

     


                                                                                                                                                                               

 

      

 

   

                             

                  

                                                                                          

Tier 1 = Low Risk of Re-Offense Tier 2 = Moderate Risk of Re-Offense Tier 3 = High Risk of Re-Offense Public Website: Updated on 03/06/2017 Provided by the Swinomish Police Department    

   

  

    

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         sw d bš qyuuqs   

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   

  

News 45

PHONE LIST Administration (360) 466.3163

Preschool (360) 466.7345

Childcare (360) 466.7329

qyuuqs News

(360) 466.7258

Counseling Services

(360) 466.7265

Senior Center

(360) 466.1821

Dental Clinic

(360) 466.3900

SRSC (360) 466.7228

Education (360) 466.7320

Social Services

(360) 466.7307

Enrollment (360) 466.7211

Northern Lights Chevron

(360) 299.2394

Environ. Community Health

(360) 466.3001

(360) 466.1532

Village Chevron

Fisheries (360) 466.7313

Swinomish Casino & Lodge (360) 293.2691

Healthy Community Tip Line (360) 588.2770

Swinomish Police

Dial 911 for emergencies

Housing & Utility Authority

(360) 466.4081

Tribal Archive

(360) 466.7351

Human Resources

(360) 466.1216

Tribal Court

(360) 466.2097

Family Services

(360) 466.7222

Wellness Program

(360) 466.1024

Medical Clinic

(360) 466.3167

(360) 499.4765

NWIC-Swinomish Site

(360) 255.4435

Youth Center


(360) 466.7280

Recovery House

(360) 466.7337

Note: This is a general list and does not include all tribal phone numbers.

WHO'S ON FACEBOOK? • qyuuqs News

• Swinomish Golf Links

• Swinomish Casino & Lodge

• Swinomish Police Department

• Swinomish Department of Environmental

• Swinomish Youth Center

Protection • Swinomish Fish and Game

46 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

CURRENT OPEN POSITIONS - As of April 12, 2017 As a full-time employee, you will be eligible for a comprehensive benefit package including medical, dental, vision, life insurance, retirement planning, and more. Other perks include generous paid time off and discounted meals. To view details about open positions and download our General Employment Application, visit All positions are “Open until filled” unless specified. Email applications to: Fax applications to: (360) 299.1677 Mail or hand deliver to: Swinomish Casino & Lodge 12885 Casino Drive, Anacortes, WA 98221 Questions? Call Human Resources at (360) 299.1642

HUMAN RESOURCES & TRIBAL EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OFFICE (TERO) JOB OPENINGS • Staff Attorney • GIS Intern • Tribal Home Ownership and Rehabilitation Coordination • Construction Manager • Associate Planner • IT Department - Systems Administrator • Swinomish Housing Authority - Occupancy Specialist • Tribal Forester • Police Officer - Entry Level or Lateral • Accountant Full descriptions of the job announcements listed above are available on the Swinomish website:











Fax applications to: (360) 466.1348 Or email to:



Applications must be received in the Personnel Office by 5PM on or before the job closing date.



Questions? Call the Personnel Office at (360) 466.1216 or (360) 466.7353 sw d bš qyuuqs News 47 e e


HOW TO APPLY: Return completed application, cover letter, and resume to: Personnel Office Swinomish Indian Tribal Community 11404 Moorage Way La Conner, WA 98257

qyuuqs News

PRSRT STD US Postage Paid Permit #35 ANACORTES, WA

17337 Reservation Road La Conner, WA 98257

Recyclable Paper



Ready, set, go! The 7 and older youth were off and running during the Easter Egg Hunt.

qyuuqs News April/May 2017  

qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community.

qyuuqs News April/May 2017  

qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community.