Issuu on Google+

TRADITIONAL GAMES CATALOGUE "LOCAL GOES GLOBAL PROJECT" (2007 - 2009)

BULGARIA

DENMARK

GREECE

LATVIA

galicia


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

INDEX Introduction Bulgarian Games Elastic Cord

BU-1

Drop the handkerchief

BU-2

Do you sell your pot, old lady?

BU-3

Black Peter

BU-4

Granny, give me fire!

BU-5

Marbles

BU-6

Chained Words

BU-7

The Cat and the Mouse

BU-8

Wizards

BU-9

Films

BU-10

Danish Games Introduction Hide and seek

DE-11

Kicking the tin

DE-12

Hide & seek the thimble

DE-13

Catch me if you can

DE-14

Capturing Chains

DE-15

Ten-Balls

DE-16

Fivestones

DE-17

Play Hopscotch

DE-18

Swinging the Rope

DE-19

The game with a cheese

DE-20

Galician Games Introduction The Mill

GA-21

The Sow

GA-22

St. James’ Key

GA-23

Wooden pistol

GA-24

Hopscotch

GA-25

Jackstones

GA-26

The Pétanque

GA-27

The greased pig

GA-28

Hit the Can

GA-29

1


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

The Frog

GA-30

Galician Bowling

GA-31

The Pasa Perico

GA-32

The saucepan game

GA-33

The saucepan game

GA-34

Stilts

GA-35

Father-son-mother

GA-36

Four corners

GA-37

The seaworthy(sea) bargain

GA-38

Decotín decotán

GA-39

Putt

GA-40

The triangle

GR-41

The “broken” [rusty] telephone

GR-42

A blind fly

GR-43

The little bun [the small bread]

GR-44

Βiz

GR-45

The king

GR-46

The little soldiers

GR-47

The statues

GR-48

The handkerchief in the belt

GR-49

The handkerchief in the circle

GR-50

The apples

GR-51

Greek Games

Latvian Games Introduction

2

Fight of cocks

LA-52

The wool blowing

LA-53

To take a friend

LA-54

The unfaithful friend

LA-55

To fumble with spoons

LA-56

Craftsman

LA-57

Haymaking

LA-58

To knock off a sticks

LA-59

Shecuravens, shecuravens

LA-60

Chickens hunt

LA-61


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

There are at least three posible interpretations for the relationship between games and education, which do not always meet eye to eye: the values of the spontaneous and free game in itslef, its manipulation, at different levels, in order to gain from it a specific educational virtuality and, finally, the use of the game from a clearly didactic perspective in order to benefit from it in certain learning practices. Games, even in their freer and spontaneous versions work as a real parallel school, precisely because they form part of human beings’ actions, movements and participation throughout their lives. In general, changes in life come about due to actions. By analising live games in his surroundings, the Galician researcher Antón Cortizas discovers the following about traditional games: -

They favour the asumption of our own culture;

-

They present solutions for the desire to play for individuals of all ages;

-

They are so complete that they practically cover all of the individual’s social learning needs;

-

They favour the learning about the knowledge of the individual himself;

-

They are integrated in the surroundings of the individual who practises them, because they arise from him and are a basic part of himself;

-

They are also attached to adult learning;

-

They are creative and adaptable, both in space and time, as are the individuals who take part in them, which allows for modification of rules and therefore for the modification and adaptation of each game if needed. Due to all of this there are no fixed rules leaving us with numerous varieties. Those who take part may also become recreators of the games;

-

They have no cost or may be acquired or made easily;

-

They favour the participation of family and neighbours , thus integrating the human medium;

-

They are universal as they come from particularities;

-

Their aim is never the basic competition. In competitive games, the competition is a mere excuse in order to actually play;

-

All in all, their aim is the one that the participants set.

Traditional games are close to the medium. They are a part of the traditional culture of each social group; however, far from excluding they tend to integrate. They are not individual but universal. They are not private but public. They are ours and thus they belong to humanity. Both traditional games and

3


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

entertainments are similar, if not identical, as well as in Galicia, in Latvia, Bulgaria, Denmark or Greece... Traditional games are World Cultural Heritage.

The ATTIC Project “Local goes Global” June, 2009

4


Bulgarian Games


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

BU-1

1. NAME OF THE GAME Игра на ластик (Igra na lastik) / Elastic Cord (in Bulgarian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING For the game we need only over 3 m of elastic AND MATERIALS cord, the two ends of which join and make a loop

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Minimum three players 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Usually girls 5. AGE OF PLAYERS From 6 to 11 years old 6. PLACE The game is played outdoors, enough space and flat surface needed

7. SEASON OF THE YEAR All seasons 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Two girls standing opposite each other holding (RULES) the elastic cord by legs at different levels

(starting from the ankles to the knees). Another girl jumps over the cord making different figures with it at different levels. When she makes a mistake the game is over and it is the next girl’s turn. The winner is the one who reaches the highest level of jumping

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Till played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

7


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

1. NAME OF THE GAME Пусни, пусни кърпичка (Pusni, (in Bulgarian and in English) kurpichka) / Drop the handkerchief

BU-2

pusni

2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Cotton handkerchief AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Any number 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both sexes 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 10 – 12 years of age 6. PLACE Outdoors – the lawn or the school yard 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR The game is played all the year round 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The children are sitting in a circle. One player is (RULES) walking around behind them, holding a handkerchief and trying to play a trick to someone by dropping the handkerchief behind him without being seen. Each child turns back and looks if the handkerchief is behind them. If they have seen the handkerchief, then they grab it and begin running after the player. When the player has been caught the two of them change theirs places and the game begins again.

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappeared DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

8


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

BU-3

1. NAME OF THE GAME Баби и гърнета (Babi i gurneta) / Do you sell (in Bulgarian and in English) your pot, old lady? 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING No materials needed for the game AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Odd number of players needed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Either sex 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Children over 3 years of age 6. PLACE It is played outdoors. Large space is needed 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR All the year round 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Half of the players are “old ladies”, the other half (RULES) are “pots”. One player is “the buyer” The “pots” squat around making a circle The “old ladies” stand behind the “pots”. Each old lady should have one pot The “buyer” shakes hands with “old ladies” and says: - Do you sell this pot, old lady or you pawn it? “Old ladies” answer: - I’ll pawn it. I’ll sell it. But I won’t give it to you. Then “the buyer” and “the old lady” run to the opposite direction around the circle. The winner is the player who arrives first to the “pot”. He becomes an “old lady” then. The other one becomes a “buyer” and starts negotiating with another “old lady” etc. “Old ladies” and “pots” can change their places when one turn is over

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN It is still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

9


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

BU-4

1. NAME OF THE GAME Черен Петър” (Tcheren Petar) / Black Peter (in Bulgarian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Cards (special set of 12 cards, designed in pairs AND MATERIALS of two with identical symbols, the 13th card is called “Black Peter” - still sold at the shops)

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS 2 – 4 children 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Over four years of age 6. PLACE Everywhere 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The players sit around a table. Someone shuffles (RULES) the cards and deals them out. Each player has

cards with special symbols. The aim of the game is to get all the pairs (cards with identical symbols) and to get rid of the Black Peter Card. You take a card from the player on your left. If it is a card with a symbol you already have, you take the pair out. The winner is the one who has taken out all his cards by matching the pairs. The looser is this player who has the “Black Peter Card”. He shall sing a song, otherwise others make up his face with black paint/soot

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

10


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

BU-5

1. NAME OF THE GAME Бабо, дай ми огънче! (Babo, dai mi ogantche!) / (in Bulgarian and in English) Granny, give me fire! 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Fireplace AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Little children (3-7 years of age) 6. PLACE Indoors. At home, in front the fireplace 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Autumn and winter 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The game began in the past, in the evenings of (RULES) the cold months of the year when the family was having fun around the fire place. The grandmother used to put her hands and fingers in the shape of a hut. The children used to sit opposite her. One of them pointed at her little fingers and said: “Please granny, give me fire” She answered: “Go on, go upwards.” It was repeated gain and again towards the top of the hut and down, until the child got to the last finger and the large opening between the index finger and the thumb and asked: - What’s that black thing in front the fireplace, granny? - This is the priest’s cap ! Please, come in, get some fire, don’t be afraid! – she answered. Suddenly she strongly caught the child’s hand. The aim is to surprise the child, may be frighten him a little bit, but finally to impress him and stimulate his imagination

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing. It started disappearing some thirty DID IT DISSAPEAR? years ago. A small number of people know it today!

10. IMAGES

11


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

BU-6

1. NAME OF THE GAME Игра на топчета / Marbles (in Bulgarian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Marbles AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Usually boys 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 6-14 years of age 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Spring, summer, autumn 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Marbles is a game in which a marble is propelled (RULES) by the thumb at other marbles, usually in

attempt to drive them out of a previously marked circle. A marble is a little ball of stone, glass, clay or steel, used in this game. The players make a circle on the playground with a piece of chalk. Then they place 10 to 12 marbles inside the circle. The aim of the game is to get all of the marbles out of the circle. The target marble is propelled by the player's thumb at the other marbles. The first player, who must stay at a distance of about 1-2 meters away of the circle, attempts to do it. If he succeeds, he shoots again, if not, the next player will continue. The winner is the one who succeeds to gather the most marbles

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing but still played in the small towns DID IT DISSAPEAR? and villages 10. IMAGES

12


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

BU-7

1. NAME OF THE GAME Игра на думи / Chained Words (in Bulgarian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Not needed AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both sexes 5. AGE OF PLAYERS No restrictions 6. PLACE Outdoors or indoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR All the year round 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The first player begins the game with one word, (RULES) e. g. HOUSE. The second player must find a word beginning with the last 2 letters of the word "house" (SE), e.g. SENTENCE. And so on. Any player who does not find a correct word is out of the game, e. g. CARE- RESTAURANT. (Do you know words beginning with "NT"?). The game may continue until there is one winner. Another version of the game (easier) is to think of a word starting with the last letter of the previous word

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

13


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

BU-8

1. NAME OF THE GAME Котка и мишка (Kotka i mishka) / The Cat and (in Bulgarian and in English) the Mouse 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Not needed AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both sexes 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 5-14 years of age 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Spring, summer, autumn 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The children are standing in a circle holding (RULES) each other’s hands. In the center there is a child, who is “the mouse”, and outside there is another one who is” the cat”.

The game starts. “The cat” must catch “the mouse”. The players from the circle are making the job of “the mouse” much easier allowing him to go into and out of the circle by raising their hands. On the contrary, they have to stop “the cat” from passing through the circle. If” the cat” catches “the mouse”, the leader of the game will choose other two children to be “the cat” and “the mouse”. The same thing happens when “the cat” cannot catch “the mouse” in a certain time

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played but by little children only DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

14


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

BU-9

1. NAME OF THE GAME Фокусници / Wizards (in Bulgarian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Not needed AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS About 4 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both sexes 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 5-12 years of age 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Spring, summer, autumn 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Four or more children can take part in this (RULES) game. One must run after others and try to

touch them. If this child touches you, you have to stay where you and cry: "Help me!" The other children try to touch you and then you are free and can run away again. The game is over when all the children have been caught

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

15


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

BU-10

1. NAME OF THE GAME Игра на филми / Films (in Bulgarian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Not needed AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both sexes 5. AGE OF PLAYERS All ages 6. PLACE Outdoors and indoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR All seasons 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME One player names the alphabet but to himself. (RULES) When the others say "Stop!" he pronounces a

letter out loudly and all the others try to give a name of a movie starting with the same letter. It can be a name of a city or a song or a river etc. Those who have given a name continue with the game, others drop out. The last one is the winner

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

16


Danish Games


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

The A.T.T.I.C.-Projekt between Bulgaria, Denmark, Greece, Latvia and Spain is a project under The Grundtvig Programme and in due respect to N.S.F. Grundtvig (1783-1872), his ideas and work, the Programme bears the motto of ‘Lifelong Learning’. The A.T.T.I.C.-Projekt is devoted to subjects such as handicrafts, story-telling, dancing and games and to the idea of ‘local goes global’. This paper will alone deal with the games people play – in the simple meaning of the word. Throughout History the traditions for games people play have shown certain qualities: The main cause of playing is socialising with people in a simple and natural way. The games we play with one another may change over time according to our personal conditions and abilities. Lifelong Learning and Teaching of how to play have always been of interest to children, to the young people, to the parents as well as to the grandparents or even grand-grand parents. But is also an amusement to everyone, too! Playing with one another is a way of learning how other people think and react. By taking parts in teaching and learning how to play, you have to act according fixed rules, if you want to participate in playing with the others. Obeying the rules goes for everyone. If you deliberately destruct the rules, you take a great risk of getting yourself excluded! Playing and dealing with other people is a way of teaching and learning how to organise certain games. Organising is an aspect of life, which you might need as well. Practising is a keyword in playing games. The other participants are your so called sparring partners – just as it is in the boxer’s game – as in your life. You will have to practice in order to learn the rules of the game, and in trying to get better or the best, you will have to practice in order to develop both your intellectual powers and your physical abilities to improve your personal style. It is lifelong training and learning being capable of playing games with other people. Throughout history people have been doing games as a tradition. The elder generations have taught the younger how to do the games. If the game was too complicated for somebody to participate, the rules were often made simpler or more complicated to avoid the participants from getting bored. The tradition of games is a matter of great flexibility. Until late in the nineteenth century games were a part of folklore tradition in Denmark as well as in other parts of Europe. This knowledge had been passed on from generation to generation simply by teaching and learning but most of all by practising the tradition. 19


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

Late in the 19th century a new society was coming. Among other things people were more inclined to move and settle far from where they were born. A few people saw what this meant to tradition and began recollecting all sorts of memories, which had survived – more or less – in peoples memories from one generation to the other. A enormous work has been done – and though the recollections have since been kept in The National Museum or in The Royal Library, both in Copenhagen, and are still available to research – during the latest forty years the archives has not been the given the attention, which they deserve. The A.T.T.I.C.- Programme is a way out of this oblivion! Inger Heldbjerg Busk

20


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

DE-11

1. NAME OF THE GAME Gemme / Hide and seek (in Danish and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING No elements or materials needed AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS From 2-10 or more participants 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Boys & girls (mixed or un-mixed) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS From 3-4 years old and as long as you still like the idea of the game

6. PLACE Everywhere;

the participants arrangements for place/space

make

7. SEASON OF THE YEAR No season; depends on the weather and the space available

8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The seeker must count loudly the numbers from (RULES) 1-100, while the others hide somewhere. The one who is found at first (a bad hider) is to be the next seeker. The seeker in the first game may be chosen by some line of nonsense

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN It is still played – but mostly among school DID IT DISSAPEAR? children and as an outdoor activity 10. IMAGES

21


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

DE-12

1. NAME OF THE GAME Spark til dåsen/bøtten / Kicking the tin – Hide (in Danish and in English) & seek the Crown (Krone-gemme) A variation

with the same idea and more complicated than DE-11

2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A tin – no tool except a line/verse, which is to be AND MATERIALS cried out loudly at the seeker’s corner: 1-2-3crowns for (the persons name)

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS 3-4 min until about 10 persons. Depending on age, time to spend playing the game

4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Children and teenagers 6. PLACE Outdoor activity; see also Index nr. 1 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any season of the year. Is depending on the weather and the space available

8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Hide & seek is still the main idea, but the tin (RULES) makes the game more complex and amusing:

The seeker has to kick the tin and cry out the name of the of the person just found. Another person, who has already been found, may set another person free to hide again. You can not set yourself free. The seeker may prevent the new hiding by kicking the tin before the person gets invisible

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN ? – the game is more likely to get played when DID IT DISSAPEAR? the potential players are already living near one another, and even are about the same age

10. IMAGES

22


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

DE-13

1. NAME OF THE GAME Gemme fingerbøl / Hide & seek the thimble (in Danish and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A thimble – often the grandmother’s AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Min 2, but 3-5 or even more 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Boys and girls 5. AGE OF PLAYERS One adult often seen participating, else kids aged 4-9

6. PLACE The sitting-room or in a quiet room 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR All seasons when kids are to be looked after 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME One person is left alone in the room in order to (RULES) hide the thimble. Prearrangements are made

between the participants whether the thimble should be visible, slightly visible or all-hidden. Whether it is allowed to hide the thimble higher than ? meters/lower than ? meters in the room. If it takes too long finding the thimble, the hider may give some help by saying ‘It’s getting colder’ as the seeker moves searching for the thimble. Or the hider might say: ‘Now you are burning your nose off of you!’ The game in over, when the thimble has been found, and it is now the finder’s turn to hide the thimble

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN It’s in process of disappearing, but the DID IT DISSAPEAR? grandparent’s generation still knows how to play

the game, because the have been participating themselves

10. IMAGES

23


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

DE-14

1. NAME OF THE GAME Catch me if you can / take captives (in Danish and in English) (Fange/Tagfat) Several different names are known from all parts of Denmark

2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING No elements or material AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS From 4 to ? persons 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Children mostly, teenagers and adults – people who likes running

6. PLACE A place, a lawn where you can run 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Almost all seasons 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME One person ‘is the one’ who is trying to catch (RULES) one of the others. Somewhere is a ‘refuge’ or ‘home’ (‘helle’ – in danish), where you might rest and cannot be taken captive. But you have to risk your life, if you don’t you are spoiling the game. The one, who is caught, is to be the new catcher

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played game DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

24


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

DE-15

1. NAME OF THE GAME ‘Capturing Chains’ (Lænkefange). Variation of (in Danish and in English) DE-14 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING No elements or materials AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS 10-20 or more 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Children, teenagers or adults 6. PLACE A large place, a schoolyard or lawn where you can run

7. SEASON OF THE YEAR All seasons – esp. during spring and summer 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME One person starts by catching somebody. (RULES) Holding hands they go together trying to catch a

third person. The three of them continue as a chain, but in catching the forth person, they are allowed to split up into two chains with the same cause: catch more participants so that the newly made chain can split and catch even more participants

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN It disappeared in the 1970th, when the DID IT DISSAPEAR? schoolyards in Denmark were split into smaller

places with tables and benches. ‘The Great Show’, where suddenly almost every pupil were struck by the idea of participating in ‘Capturing Chains’ was no longer possible

10. IMAGES

25


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

DE-16

1. NAME OF THE GAME Ti-bold / Ten-Balls (in Danish and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A tennis ball AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS One or several 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed, but mostly girls 5. AGE OF PLAYERS From 4-5 years until teenage – even adults can participate. They have already learned how to do it

6. PLACE A wall or a terrace 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Spring, summer, autumn 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME One participant throws the ball against the wall, (RULES) and she is to catch the ball before it hits the ground, but before even catching, she has to clap her hands. The second time she throws the ball, she has to clap twice, and so forth up to ten. If you forgets something, she must start again or leave the ball to the next person. You may also do the following: 1) Throw the ball against the wall and catch it. 2) Throw the ball into the air, throw it by your hand against the wall at catch it. 3) Throw the ball against the wall, cross your hands over your breast, before you catch it. 4) Throw the ball against the wall, clap your hands in front and behind your back, before catching it. 5) Hold your one hand on your shoulder or against your nose. Throw the ball right into the air, throw it against the wall, using the arm through your elbow. 6)Lift your right leg and throw the ball against the wall, but this time under your leg and catch it. 7) Throw the ball against the wall, turn around before catching it. 8) Throw the ball - behind your own back against the wall and catch it. 9) Throw the ball against the wall. Before catching the ball, the catcher has to squat down and get up again.

26


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

10) As no. 6, but you have to clap your hands both over and under your leg, before catching the ball

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Playing these kind of games with balls like DID IT DISSAPEAR? tennis balls have survived. Their popularity seems to be rising?

10. IMAGES

27


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

DE-17

1. NAME OF THE GAME Terre / Fivestones (in Danish and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Fivestones, 5 dice, small stones AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS 1, but 2 or 3 or even more 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Children, teenagers or adults 6. PLACE At the table or on the ground. Doesn’t take up much space

7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any season of the year 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME It is a game well-known through out history. The (RULES) first games of Terre were made out of bones from

the spine of a small animal. (The Terre measure about 15-18mm). You begin placing the 5 dice at the table or on the ground. The first person throws one Terre into the air, grabs another one and catches the first one, before is has landed. And without touching the other 3 Terre. If he succeeds, he is now throwing the 2 into the air, taking the third into his hand and should now be able to catch the two (with the same hand) coming down from the air – but before they have landed. Then 3 Terres are thrown into the air, the fourth picked up… and so further. All 5 Terres have be picked up. If he does not succeed, the next person will have a go. It will be his turn until he makes a failure. Like the game with the ball it can be made more difficult if you have to clap your hands, or placing the Terres one after the other on the back of your hand.

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Rare, but still a played. Somebody thinks it’s for DID IT DISSAPEAR? specialists only 10. IMAGES

28


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

DE-18

1. NAME OF THE GAME Hinke i Paradis / Play Hopscotch (in Danish and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A piece chalk and a hopscotch AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS 2 or more persons 4. SEX OF PLAYERS More girls than boys do it, and the boys often play together with girls

5. AGE OF PLAYERS 6-12 years 6. PLACE Places where you can draw the Hopscotch. Asphalt ground, tile floor

7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Spring/ Summer 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The rectangle is to be large enough for the feet (RULES) who will set foot in the 8 squares, but on the

other hand not so large, that they cannot get ‘hopped across’ by legs of a certain length and strength. The form of the rectangle resembles the form of a letter box (i.e. at least in Denmark) or you might say it looks like a foot with a broad heel: The smaller rectangles 1, 2, and 3 are from heel to under the middle of the foot. Number 4, 5, 6 and 7are placed in triangles (5 and 6 on resp. the left and right side of the foot. Number 8, called Paradise, resembles the toes. Playing Hopscotch is well known in many countries, and the one presented here is a tradition used 100 years ago and later. When you start you begin by putting the Hopscotch into sq. 1, either by hand or by foot. And you always hop on one foot. That goes for getting into sq. 1, too. Then you push the Hopscotch out of the square. You are only allowed to push once in each square. If it is left lying across the line, you have lost your turn of reaching Paradise for a moment or more. The goal is sq. 8, Paradise. It is hardly obtainable and so it is in Hopscotch as well. You have to get the Hopscotch into sq. 8 three times and then hop into sq. 8 and then push out the Hopscotch, before Paradise is reached!

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN During the latest 30-40 years Hopscotch was DID IT DISSAPEAR? disappearing from the school-yards, but is seen

here and there in schools as well as in residential properties

10. IMAGES

29


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

DE-19

1. NAME OF THE GAME Sjippe / Skipping ; Hoppe i 8-tal/ Swinging the (in Danish and in English) Rope 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A rope (if you skip alone, the length depends on AND MATERIALS your height – to some extend). If you are

jumping in circles like an 8, the rope must be 45m long and 0,1-0,15m in diam.

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS 1- 2 for skipping. At least 2 + 6-10 for jumping in 8

4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Children and Teenagers. Adults as well? 6. PLACE In the school(-yard), on asphalt, on tile floor, on the lawn + space enough to swing the rope and go round the two persons, who are swinging the rope

7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Spring and summer 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME You may skip on your own, but it is more fun (RULES) skipping with somebody. It is a ‘free’ game or rather a play or an exercise. Those who are skipping together are making the rules according to their abilities, or they ‘push’ each other in trying new methods.

The free style goes for the rope as well. But you get new opportunities, because when you are jumping, you are not swinging the rope, too. It is possible to jump one at a time going round like an 8 figure. You may also jump from two rows one person from each of the rows – first the one, then the other. If it goes fluently, it becomes more like a dance!

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Both skipping and jumping the rope has DID IT DISSAPEAR? suffered during the latest 30-40 years. But skipping is seen several times during the latest springtime! Is it coming again?

10. IMAGES

30


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

DE-20

1. NAME OF THE GAME Navn ubekendt / Legen med osten/ The game (in Danish and in English) with a cheese (name unknown) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Piece of chalk + a ball, 30 cm in diam. AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed depends on the number of participants 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Mostly children and teenagers 6. PLACE Playground covered with asphalt, tile floor or similar place

7. SEASON OF THE YEAR ? After observing the game from time to time,

and in different places, during the last year or so, a group of children and teenagers playing the game this spring, i.e. 2009 have taught me how to do it

8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME A square is drawn for playing the game. It is (RULES) quared as a piece of paper. The number of

squares goes along with the number of participants – except one person. The squares are numbered from 1 to ? . One square has been divided into two parts of which ‘The Cheese’ is the smaller part. When you start playing, the ball must hit ‘the Cheese’. You are only allowed to touch the ball with one hand; you may cross the lines drawn with your feet, but the must only touch inside the numbered squares, following from the figures from 1and up. The one who hits a line or misses the ball, is momentarily ‘out’. That what the lacking square is meant for. When somebody else is convicted because of failure, the already ‘out’, starts again in square 1. I.e. all participants rotate, and the one, who was ready to ‘meet’ the ball, when it got lost in some way, is starting the new round by hitting ‘The Cheese’

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Is it a new game or a an old one getting a DID IT DISSAPEAR? revival?! 10. IMAGES

31


Galician Games


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

Galician people have created infinity of ways of giving response to their playful needs and they had the aptitude, at the same time, to transmit these creations to the new generations. We speak, from this conviction, about popular Galician games because we have enovah original creations to show our singularity in the playful creations. It is also necessary to emphasize also their level of preservation. The popular games have been created to satisfy a playful need inevitably marked by the way of living of these people. In the case of Galicia, they have taken root in their cultural life, but one of their essential virtues is that they allow to be constantly recreated and modified promoting creativity. Part of the culture of a community also has to be emphasized her educational transcendency. Popular games constitute a cultural original creation -they have been- transmitted from generation to generation, from parents to children, from grandparents to grandchildren, this transmission implying an interrelationship between adults and children of great educational value.

35


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

36


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-21

1. NAME OF THE GAME O Muíño, Alquerque / The Mill (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A gameboard and nine counters AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Two 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Either 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers and adults 6. PLACE Indoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME This is a board game in which two players play (RULES) against one another with nine counters each.

Once we’ve placed the counters on the board, they may only be moved forward along the marked paths. It is not possible to move them from one place to another by skipping positions or lines. Each time one of the players manages to place three counters on the same line, he or she takes one of the oponent’s counters. The player with only two counters remaining loses

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

37


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GA-22

1. NAME OF THE GAME A Porca/ The Sow (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A stick in the shape of a golf club, traditionally AND MATERIALS made out of “……….” and a ball (the sow) shaped out of hard wood by using a penknife

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS It depends but not too many 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Male 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers and adults 6. PLACE Outdoors in a big open space 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Winter 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Each placer digs a hole in the ground (the grave) (RULES) around a larger hole to be defended by the swineherd. This player, the leader of the game, would toss the sow into the air and see if it fell into the hole defended by him. If this was so, he would yell: - Everybody swap! The rest of the players should swap graves. However, if the swineherd was able to get his stick into one of his oponent’s graves, he would take that position and the palyer with no grave would become the new swineherd. When the sow doesn’t fall into the central grave, the swineherd will try to get it into any of the other graves. In this case, he swaps places with the owner of the grave. Needless to say that each player defends his grave with his stick. When a player gets the sow in the swineherd’s grave, he yells: - Hit the dumb sow! The swapping resumes and the swineherd tries to get a grave as explained previously

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN No longer played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

38


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-23

1. NAME OF THE GAME A Chave de Santiago / St. James’ Key (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A key ( a long pointed metal piece ) and thick AND MATERIALS coins or weights (also metalic) 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Pairs 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Male 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Adults 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The weights are thrown at the key placed at a (RULES) distance of 20 to 30 paces. This game is played in pairs although it may be individual

The scoring is complicated and varies all around the country. However, you basically obtain eight points each time you hit the key and one point for the closest weight if no one hits it

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Currently played in organised leagues and DID IT DISSAPEAR? school championships 10. IMAGES

39


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GA-24

1. NAME OF THE GAME Tirabalas, tiratacos / Wooden pistol (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A piece of elderwood which we empty by using a AND MATERIALS penknife and some wire. We make another

wooden tube with a twig (as straight as possible) so that when we place it inside the elderwood piece a couple of centimetres are left over

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Individual 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Kids 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 6/12- year- olds 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME We introduce a “bullet” in the emptied elderwood (RULES) piece and push it to the end. We then proceed to push a second “bullet” in the same way. The air pressure will make the first “bullet” fly out making a sound similar to a real bullet

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN No longer played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

40


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-25

1. NAME OF THE GAME A Mariola or O Truco / Hopscotch (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A little pebble as a counter and a drawing on the AND MATERIALS ground made of several squares numbered from 1 to 12, on which to go forward

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Any 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Girls 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 6-12 years old 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Each placer starts by throwing a pebble onto the (RULES) square numbered as 1. Without touching the

lines, she will push the pebble trying to place it, one by one, in each of the squares, until she gets to number 12, and then she comes back. Once the pebble is out, she starts again, but this time throwing it to number 2, and doing the same process again. She repeats this once and again, each time throwing it to the next square, until getting to number 12 one more time. Every time the player makes a mistake, she yields the turn to the next

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

41


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE‌ THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GA-26

1. NAME OF THE GAME Os Pelouros / Jackstones (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Five pebbles AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS No more than 5 or 6 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Girls 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 6-12 years old. Teenagers 6. PLACE A flat place outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Preferably warm seasons 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The girls kneel on a circle, and they take turns, (RULES) until each of them loses, yielding the turn to the next

The pebbles are thrown out to the air, and they try to match them with the outer side of the hand. At least one has to remain on it, and it will becaome the master pebble. Then this master pebble is thrown to the air and, before catching it again, the player catches one of the pebbles from the ground. The process is repeated until catching all the rest Then the placer picks up the master pebble the same way. The game is played again, but this time taking the pebbles from the ground in pairs. Then again catching three, and one. The same, but catching the four of them. Another master pebble is caught. The player puts her forefinger and thumb as if they formed a bridge on the ground. Then they throw the master pebble to the air, and they pass one of the other pebbles through the bridge. They repeat the process with them all

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

42


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-27

1. NAME OF THE GAME A Petanca / The Pétanque (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Several metal balls around 7 cm wide, and a AND MATERIALS wooden “boliche” (a smaller ball, similar to a marble)

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Par 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Traditionally men 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Adults 6. PLACE In an open space, outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME It may be played individually or in teams. The (RULES) first player chooses a place to throw, and he

draws a circle around 35-50 cm wide around himself. He then throws the small ball. Immediately afterwards, he or someone from his team will throw the first ball, always trying to place it next to the small ball. Alter this, the players from the other team throw as many times as necessary until they can place one of their balls nearer the small ball (boliche) than the ball thrown first. The original team throws again. One point for the team who are able to place one of their balls closer to the small ball. The winning player will initiate the new game by throwing the small ball to the opposite side of the field

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN It is played currently, and it even exists as a DID IT DISSAPEAR? federated sport 10. IMAGES

43


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GA-28

1. NAME OF THE GAME O Porco Ensebado / The greased pig (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A piglet (preferably a boar) and grease AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Any 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Men 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Adults 6. PLACE An enclosed place, outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Summer 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME All the piglet’s body is covered with grease. In (RULES) turns, each participant tries to grasp the animal in a certain period of time. If he or she cannot do it, then it will be the next participant’s turn. Whoever can catch it will become its owner

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

44


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-29

1. NAME OF THE GAME Tiro á lata / Hit the Can (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Its elements are the machine (see picture), a AND MATERIALS wooden riffle and a “bullet” made out of tyre (now rubber)

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS 5 and up 4. SEX OF PLAYERS It has always been mainly a male game 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers and adults 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR All year round but is most popular towards the end of the summer

8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The game consists in hitting a can with the placed (RULES) rubber piece which is previously

appropriatley in the wooden riffle and pushed with one’s right or left hand (depending on the player). The rules can be adapted according to the players but are similar to those in real claypigeon shooting

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

45


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE‌ THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GA-30

1. NAME OF THE GAME A ra / The Frog (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A table with holes and a drawer. The table has a AND MATERIALS frog on it. Ten tokens 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS 2-6 players that play individually 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Indifferent, although traditionally was a male game

5. AGE OF PLAYERS Adults 6. PLACE In an open space, traditionally to the side of the taverns

7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Game of accuracy, especially calm. It consists in (RULES) the launching of some small disks, from a

marked distance, to enter them in the mouth of a settled frog of iron. The frog is placed in a table of wood that has a drawer by under, beside the frog there are different holes and each one of them will have a different punctuation as the difficulty and the previous agreement of the participants

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Recovering DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

46


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-31

1. NAME OF THE GAME Birlos de lastra / Galician Bowling (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING To play this game you need: AND MATERIALS - Two or more wooden balls of about 2 or 3 kilos and 15 cm/diameter. These balls don’t have holes to hold them as in other varieties of bowling. - At least 9 ‘birlos’ - normally bulb-shaped pieces of wood of between 7-10 cm high

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Unlimited, but even 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Traditionally, its a game played by men 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Adults 6. PLACE Outdoors. Every parish used to have their own pitch for ‘birlos’

7. SEASON OF THE YEAR All the year round, depending on weather. It was frequently played on Sundays. Nowadays, it’s often played just in patron’s saint day of every rural village

8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The game is played in an flat openfield. (RULES) The ‘birlos’ are lined up in a row on a flat stone. In front of them and about 2 meters away, the ‘fite’ (the throwing area) is marked. Behind the ‘birlos’ you draw up two lines: - The 15-point-line - The 20-point-line - A third 30-point-line can be drawn if the place is big enough. The game is played by single player or by teams. The goal is to knock down as many ‘birlos’ as possible. And the scoring is as follows: Those knocked ‘birlos’ that DON’T reach the 15point-line, score 3 points each Those that pass the 15-point-line, score 15 points each Those that pass the 20-point-line, score 20 points each. Nevertheless, to score these points, the ball has to surpass the 15-point-line. The game ends when one player/team scores 60

47


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

points

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN It’s not played anymore but some efforts have DID IT DISSAPEAR? been made to bring it back 10. IMAGES

48


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-32

1. NAME OF THE GAME Pasa Perico/ The Pasa Perico (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Nothing AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Undefined. It can be a multitudinary game 4. SEX OF PLAYERS It used to be a game for girls 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 6-12 years 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Winter 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Two players grab their hands and make a (RULES) “bridge” with them. The rest of the players are standing in a row, waiting to pass below the “bridge”

Each player making the bridge choose the name of a fruit, a colour or whatever object they decide, whitout letting know to the rest of the players in the row. The players in the row, grabed their hands, pass below the bridge, singing the song at the same time. Once the song gets to the sentence “here he’ll stay”, the player in the row at that moment under the bridge is catched by the bridge. The player trapped, crouching, will have to choose one of the two names offered by the two players making the bridge. After that he will place himself after the player whose name was picked up. This part of the game go on untill the original row no longer exits and all is left are two files after the two players making the bridge. At this moment that two players draw a line in the floor and grab theirselves by their wrist. Each file, grasped by their waists, has to pull on as in a rope pulling competition to get the oposite file pass the line Song: Come in Perico, Come in Monteiro, Through the doors Of the gardians; the first run very fast

49


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

and the last here he’ll stay.

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

50


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-33

1. NAME OF THE GAME O xogo das olas / The saucepan game (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Mud saucepans AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Uncertain number of persons 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Indifferent 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers and adults

6. PLACE At a public square 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR In Carnival (Previous traditional party to the Lent)

8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Proper of Limia and others areas. The (RULES) participants stand in a ring and have to throw a saucepan to another person who will pass it to others. The first person who breaks the saucepan has to pay an agreed punishment. The pot can be empty or not.

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Recovering DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

51


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GA-34

1. NAME OF THE GAME As carrilanas / The saucepan game (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING One jalopy AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS One minimum 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Indifferent. Boys are the most inclined to the jalopies construction, though

5. AGE OF PLAYERS All ages 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Indifferent 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME It’s about an hand-made “car” with which it’s (RULES) possible to drive, simply downhill and even to make competitions about speed or skills

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Recovering. Some jalopies competitions exist in DID IT DISSAPEAR? different areas of the country 10. IMAGES

52


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-35

1. NAME OF THE GAME Os zancos / Stilts (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Stilts, a pair for each player AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Unlimited 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both genders 5. AGE OF PLAYERS All ages 6. PLACE Normally outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not in a particular season 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Just walking on the stilts (RULES)

Long time ago they were used to walk on watery or muddy lands

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN It’s not played anymore but some efforts have DID IT DISSAPEAR? been made to bring it back 10. IMAGES

53


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GA-36

1. NAME OF THE GAME Pai – Fillo – Nai / Father-son-mother (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A board drew on the floor, on a paper, ... or in AND MATERIALS whatever other surface. Two groups of three small pieces (or buttons, beads, seeds...), each group belonging to a player

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Two 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Doesn't matter 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Doesn't matter 6. PLACE Whatever 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Whatever 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Two players play the game, one against the (RULES) other. The game starts with one of the players placing one of his three pieces in the center of the board. After that the other player do the same. The game goes on untill at least five of the small pieces are located on the board. The player who first gets to place all his pieces in line wins the game. Diagonal line is allowed

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

54


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-37

1. NAME OF THE GAME Catro esquinas / Four corners (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Nothing AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Five 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Indifferent 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 6-12 years 6. PLACE Outdoors 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Winter 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME A space requires that, literally, he/she should (RULES) have four corners. If this does not happen, the

corners can be replaced with circles drawn in the soil and sufficiently separated some of others, forming between all of them a rectangle. A player trap and it he/she places in way. Each of the circles is the house of one of the participants. The one that trap goes to one of the players with house and asks him: - There is smoke in your house? The addressed one answers: - Not, in my house only there is fire! Question in that one it he/she indicates other one of the houses). While such a conversation happens, with that apanda placed near the house of the addressed one, other three participants, any speed, are exchanged of house. The game consists in that the one who catch the others manages to enter one of the houses the precise moment minimum - that this one is empty

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN In force DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

55


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GA-38

1. NAME OF THE GAME Cucaña / The seaworthy(sea) bargain (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A bargain (horizontal, greasy post) AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Game - spectacle to be developed in great group 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Indifferent. Traditionally it was a men's game 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers and adults 6. PLACE In an exterior(foreign), suitably prepared space 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Indeterminate. In the course of a holiday (party) 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Universal game, in Galicia the most common (RULES) bargain was traditionally the realized one in the

seaworthy(sea) villas with the water of the sea as "mattress". Arranged horizontally, suitably tied in a base " in land " or in a craft, one arranges a post, which was in the habit of performing pine, smooth and greasy good. In the final end of the post the object is placed to gathering (a cloth, p.e.) or even the prize that there is going to take the winner (a rabbit, p.e.). Established the order of intervention, every participant will try to walk along the post to come to the previous object. There gains(earns) the one who obtains it, but not that to say has that the authentic amusement that provokes the game they are the falls to the water of the participants who have less luck than the winner

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Recovering DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

56


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-39

1. NAME OF THE GAME Decotín decotán / Decotín decotán (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Nothing AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Game to be made in couples or in groups 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Indifferent 5. AGE OF PLAYERS 0-6 years 6. PLACE Indoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The player, with his/ her face down on the table, (RULES) or in another similar position, but in any case with covered eyes, he/she listens to the speech and try to know how many fingers a partner of the game put him in the back. If he/she guesses the number of fingers, he frees itself and another player will be in his/her place, exchanging roles. If he/ she doesn’t guess, the game continues with second part of the speech, sucesively. In the case of the second part of the speech, the player receives so many small claps in the back as fingers he/ she had before

Song 1:

Decotín e decotán, e das cordas cordabán, e do can que salta a sebe, churrica e bebe, adivina burro que tienes encima de tu culo.

(speech to ask how many numbers they are) Song 2:

Se ti ... (number of fingers) dixeras nunca pena non tiveras, decotín e decotán, e das cordas cordabán, e do can que salta a sebe, churrica e bebe, adivina burro que tienes encima de tu culo

Variant of the speech 2: Se dixeses... (number of fingers) nin gañabas nin perdías

57


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

nin levabas as palmadas que tiñas que levar

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

58


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GA-40

1. NAME OF THE GAME Estornela, Billarda / Putt (In Galician and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Two sticks, one called the “palanca” (lever) which AND MATERIALS should measure about 50 cm and another called “estornela” (putt) sharpened ends.

about

15

cm

long

with

3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Two or four. 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Men, but also women. 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers and mature. 6. PLACE An enclosed place. 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Winter. 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME We place the putt on the ground and hit it on (RULES) one of its ends with the lever making it flip into

the air. Once in the air, we should hit it again with the lever as far as we can. Again in essence, and although the rules do depend on the region the game is being played in and we may encounter many variants, the winner is the player who hits the putt the furthest (in some versions the player must also ensure that his rival doesn’t hit the putt back to the starting place).

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Practice almost lost but improving. DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

59


Greek Games


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GR-41

1. NAME OF THE GAME ΤΟ ΤΡΙΓΩΝΟ / The triangle (in Greek and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Marbles AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The children draw a triangle on the ground and (RULES) place on each of its corners one large marble.

From a distance of 3-4 meters they aim with a smaller marble. If they are able to hit their mark and push any large marble outside the triangle, they win it. Even if they don’t succeed and their marble enters the triangle, the child doesn’t lose, but he is in an advantage as he is closer to the target when he tries to aim again. Whoever wins plays again

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

63


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GR-42

1. NAME OF THE GAME ΤΟ «ΣΠΑΣΜΕΝΟ» [ΣΚΟΥΡΙΑΣΜΕΝΟ] ΤΗΛΕΦΩΝΟ (in Greek and in English) / The “broken” [rusty] telephone 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Nothing AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Indoor/Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The children sit next to each other. The first (RULES) child begins by whispering into the ear of the

child sitting next to him, a long and difficult or unusual word (or phrase). The child who heard the word, as he heard it and the way he received it or understood it, whispers it in turn to the next child and so on. Due to the fact that the word (or phrase) are difficult, the whispering cannot be heard clearly because of laughter and talk, the words are distorted and at they are on they change quite a bit. In the end, when the word reaches the last child, he says it loud and it’s hardly recognizable and the first child who created it cannot even recognize it. So the children laugh and say that the phone is broken

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

64


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GR-43

1. NAME OF THE GAME Η ΤΥΦΛΟΜΥΓΑ / A blind fly (in Greek and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A piece of cloth AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Indoor/Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME They tie a piece of cloth around a child’s eyes (RULES) and the rest of the children form a circle around him, teasing him. The blindfolded child tries to catch one of the other children and when he succeeds, he uses his hands to guess the identity of the child he caught. When he does, he announces the name of that child and they change turns

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

65


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GR-44

1. NAME OF THE GAME ΤΟ ΨΩΜΑΚΙ / The little bun [the small bread] (in Greek and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Nothing AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS 2 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Indoor/Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Two children stand opposite to each other, their (RULES) palms wide open and touching. They start to

recite; after the first and the second word they rub each others’ palms while the third word is spoken, each child tries to hit the others’ palm before he has time to pull back. A little bun! A little oil! A bit of vinegar!

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing (in some primary schools the girls DID IT DISSAPEAR? still play it) 10. IMAGES

66


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GR-45

1. NAME OF THE GAME ΜΠΙΖ / Βiz (in Greek and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Nothing AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Indoor/Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The children choose the one who will place his (RULES) hand next to his eye in a way that he cannot look from that side. This child places his other hand across his chest and under his elbow holding up and outwards his palm.

The rest of the kids stand behind him and one of them strikes hard his palm while the rest of them call out loudly “bizzzzz”, moving their forefinger in such a manner to imitate a flying bug. The child turns around and tries to guess who hit his palm. If he succeeds then the next child takes turns to play the dupe

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

67


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GR-46

1. NAME OF THE GAME Ο ΒΑΣΙΛΙΑΣ / The king (in Greek and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Nothing AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Indoor/Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The children choose a king. The king sits (RULES) somewhere higher for example on some steps

and the rest of the kids go aside where they agree to imitate a profession for example an artist, a secretary, a doctor etc. Then they go back to the king and say: Children: Good morning king with the twelve swords, what is going on? The king: Laziness. Children: And the rest? The king: Ice-cream. Children: The grand mother said that we must do some work The king: What kind of work? Then the children, without speaking start imitating the profession-job they had already agreed on to imitate. The king tries to guess the job and calls it out aloud and runs to catch one of the kids while they scatter around. Whoever is caught becomes the king. If the king does not understand the profession they are imitating, then he sits again on his “throne” and tries to guess the next profession

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing (only if it is organised in special DID IT DISSAPEAR? events or with the teachers) 10. IMAGES

68


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GR-47

1. NAME OF THE GAME ΤΑ ΣΤΡΑΤΙΩΤΑΚΙΑ / The little soldiers (in Greek and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Nothing AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME A child stands in front of a wall, leaning on it, (RULES) hiding his eyes with his arms. His back is

turned to the rest of the children who are in a distance of about twenty meters away. The child cries out the order-demand: “Little soldiers: Don’t speak, don’t move, don’t laugh” As the child calls out this demand, the rest of them try to achieve warrior poses, but keeping in mind to finish taking the pose in time when the demand ends. The child who was calling the demand, just as speaks the last word, turns around quickly and tries to spot anyone who might lose their balance and move, or speak, or laugh. Whoever does, loses and takes turn to call out the demand. If the children are good at the game and nobody moves, speaks or laughs, then the child calling the demand tries to mix them up and in a very natural tone of voice tries to lure them in answering very common questions, for example “did you hear your mother call you?” If the child posing as a warrior forgets and speaks or laughs then he loses and takes turns calling demands. Or the first child tries to make the little soldiers laugh by telling them funny things and so on

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing (only if it is organised in special DID IT DISSAPEAR? events or with the teachers) 10. IMAGES

69


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GR-48

1. NAME OF THE GAME ΤΑ ΑΓΑΛΜΑΤΑ / The statues (in Greek and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Nothing AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME A child (the leader) stands in front of a wall, (RULES) leaning on it, hiding his eyes with his arms. His

back is turned to the rest of the children who are in a distance of about twenty meters away, either in a line or as a group. When the sign “go” is given, the leader slaps his palms on the wall and counts “one-two-three” and turns his head quickly back so as to look at the children standing behind him. The children while the leader was counting spread out and strike various poses, alone or in groups. When the leader turns his dead, the children must remain motionless, just like statues. The leader then chooses the statue which he liked best and was the most impressive, the funnies, the most beautiful etc. This game demands quickness, self control but even so good taste

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing (only if it is organised in special DID IT DISSAPEAR? events or with the teachers)

10. IMAGES

70


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GR-49

1. NAME OF THE GAME ΤΟ ΜΑΝΤΗΛΙ ΣΤΗ ΖΩΝΗ / The handkerchief in (in Greek and in English) the belt 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Α handkerchief AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The children are separated into two groups in (RULES) equal members. Each child places on the left side of his belt or waste a handkerchief, in such a way that it can be easily pulled out. Then they all make a very big circle in which all the children can move freely. Whoever steps out of the circle loses. When the sign “go” is given, the children of one team, try to take the handkerchiefs from the children of the opposite team, but at the same time trying to protect their own handkerchief. It’s a one to one fight, so to speak. In the end the team which has the most handkerchiefs of the opposite team wins

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing (only if it is organised in special DID IT DISSAPEAR? events or with the teachers)

10. IMAGES

71


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

GR-50

1. NAME OF THE GAME ΤΟ ΜΑΝΤΗΛΙ ΣΤΟΝ ΚΥΚΛΟ / The handkerchief (in Greek and in English) in the circle 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Α handkerchief AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The children split into two teams and each team (RULES) stands across from the other in a distance of 8-

10 meters. In the middle of this distance they draw a circle on the ground, with a diameter of about fifty centimeters. In the circle they place a handkerchief. After the “go” sigh, a player of each team comes forth and tries to grad the handkerchief and run back to his team without being caught by the other player. At the same time other players can come forth to help and there is a big struggle and uproar. While this happens a player manages to grab the handkerchief and gets away without being touched by the opponents. Whoever is caught is considered a captive and stays out of the game until he is rescued. Whoever has the handkerchief can free one captive. The wining team is the one which manages to capture all the other opponents

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Dissapearing (only if it is organised in special DID IT DISSAPEAR? events or with the teachers)

10. IMAGES

72


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

GR-51

1. NAME OF THE GAME ΤΑ ΜΗΛΑ / The apples (in Greek and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Α ball AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Both (not determined) 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Not fixed 6. PLACE Outdoor 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Not fixed 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME The children draw two lines on the ground at a (RULES) distance of 10-15 meters from each other. Two

children will be standing on the two lines and the rest form one team and move back and forth in the space between the two lines. The two players standing on their posts toss a ball back and forth very quickly, trying to hit the children who are running up and down trying to avoid getting hit by the ball. If a child gets hit by the ball, leaves the game. But when a child is able to catch the ball as it is being tossed (without having touched the ground) then he catches “an apple” which gives him the chance to “save” his own “life” or give “life” to a friend who is already out of the game. The more “apples” the player catches the more chances he has to stay in the game. Usually, one child is left running up and down, he is the one with the most “apples” and if the two outside players are unable to strike him with the ball, then hi is the winner of all

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN It is still played DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

73


Latvian Games


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

In the center of the Latvian games are the conception about space (the heaven, the middle world and the underworld) and time (the seasons and the course of a man’s lifetime). With the help of this image it is possible to perceive a certain order in Latvian plays; both in during the season from the Candlemas till the Winter Solstice, and also during the man’s lifetime – from the cradle to the grave. In Latvian plays are also materials used of folklore closely connected with practical training of plays and games. They are nursery rhymes – the texts expressed by a formula, with the help of which a special person is elected from the players and the descriptions of crying forfeits.

77


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

78


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

LA-52

1. NAME OF THE GAME Gaiļu cīņas / Fight of cocks (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING No elements or materials needed AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Pair number of players 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Boys or girls in both teams 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers 6. PLACE Not fixed 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Spring/ Summer 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Players form two identical lines one against (RULES) other. Each team chooses their leader. Everyone

cross its hands on breasts and gets up on one leg. Through leader sign both turns are going in a fight, pushing rivals with shoulders. That who gets up on both foots, uses hands or falls is considered as looser. Loser has to leave the battle. The team where all participants are dropped out the game loses.

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

79


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

LA-53

1. NAME OF THE GAME Vilnas pūšana / The wool blowing (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING A clot of wool (or a clot of cotton) AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Children/ Teenagers 6. PLACE The room 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any season of the year 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Players sit close round a table. Everyone must (RULES) keep his hands under table. A bit cotton wool lies on a table. Each tries to flow away a clot of wool from itself and close up to the others. To what wool remains or what take out hands, it has to pay a forfeit. Players can cease the game when sufficient amount of forfeits collected.

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

80


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

LA-54

1. NAME OF THE GAME Ĺ…emt draugu / To take a friend (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING No elements or materials needed AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Odd number of players 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers/ Adults 6. PLACE The town square 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Summer, autumn 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Players join their hands and stand in column by (RULES) pairs. One participant has no pair and he runs

through a passage-way, which is formed by the hands lifted of the other players. He hurries on front of the column by grabbing someone to the hand. There they align and lift hands like other pairs. Player who remained without a partner leaves on an end of columns and like a previous player search for a new friend.

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

81


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

LA-55

1. NAME OF THE GAME Neuzticīgais draugs / The unfaithful friend (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Chairs AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Odd number of players 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers / Adults 6. PLACE The room 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Autumn / winter 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Chairs are placed in a circle with seats inside. (RULES) One half of the players stand behind each chair

and other sits on chair. One chair remains empty, so player who is standing behind this chair has no pair. He or she does not wish to remain alone so it tries to entice the friend of other player, blinking with eye to particular person. A player who sits in a chair can accept this invitation and try to escape by running away from the previous place. In this moment a player who stands behind, tries to detain him by clapping on runaway’s back or shoulder. If it is succeeded then he or she remains in this chair, if not the chair become empty and now this player must look for a new friend. Players standing behind chairs must keep their hands behind their backs. Player who sits on chairs can ignore invitation, too. In such case friend seeker must choose another person

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played game DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

82


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

LA-56

1. NAME OF THE GAME Grābstīt ar karotēm / To fumble with spoons (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Two spoons and a scarf AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers / Adults 6. PLACE Not fixed 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Winter 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Players sit in a circle. First player is blindfolded (RULES) and he or she takes two spoons and stays in the

middle of circle. A player grope those who sit in a circle using only two spoons; in that way he or she has to guess the player name. If blindfolded player guesses the name, it takes the place of a first player. But if first player can’t guess the name of player who sits in a circle, he or she has to pay forfeit

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

83


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

LA-57

1. NAME OF THE GAME Amantnieki / Craftsman (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING No elements or materials needed AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers/ Adults 6. PLACE The town square 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Summer, autumn 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Players part in a two groups. One group chooses (RULES) a handicraft, but the second group has to guess

what kind of handicraft it is. The first group goes aside to consult and then with signs show various works to second group. If, for example, the first group selected a position of joiner, one player can show process of sawing other can plane. If second group can’t guess three times, then this group has to pay a forfeit. An opponent chooses a new position and repeats the game.

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played game DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

84


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

LA-58

1. NAME OF THE GAME Pļaut sienu / Haymaking (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Rope with weight (it can be bag with sand) on AND MATERIALS one ending 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers/ children 6. PLACE Not fixed 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Any season of the year 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Players must draw a circle on the ground (or (RULES) floor). One “haymaker” stands in the middle of

this circle and takes a rope with a weight on its ending. Rope is as long as it can reach side of the circle from middle (like a radius). The others stand in the circle. “Haymaker” revolves the rope in some distance above the ground. Other players must jump over the rope when it comes so they aren’t cut. Player who is hit by sandbag must throw up the game. If there are no one cut for a longer time “Haymaker” can revolve rope higher. Game is played until just one player remains

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played game DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

85


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

LA-59

1. NAME OF THE GAME Sist urķus / To knock off a sticks (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Number of arrowy sticks – one feet long, not very AND MATERIALS thick; cudgel 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Usually 2, or can be 2 teams 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Teenagers/ Adults 6. PLACE The yard 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Spring/ Summer 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Players insert sticks in earth in 2 lines. All sticks (RULES) must be in the same depth and the same

distance from each other. Distance between both lines is 10 steps. By turn players fling a cudgel to an opponent’s sticks and try to knock them out. The winner is one who first knocks out all opponent’s sticks. Broken sticks are counted. If there are more than 2 players, they part in a two groups and everyone fling by turns

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

86


THE ATTIC PROJECT. A WORLD OF GAMES

GAME

LA-60

1. NAME OF THE GAME Šikutēni, šikutēni / Shecuravens, shecuravens (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Cudgel (it can be broomstick), chairs AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Children/ Teenagers 6. PLACE The room 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Winter/ spring 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME Players sit on chairs in a round. Game driver (RULES) has a cudgel and he walks in the middle of the circle and recites:

“Shecuravens, shecuravens Crows and ravens” When he stands in front of any player and beats with cudgel on a floor player must get up and grasp at driver. They keep walking and reciting together to another player which grasp at first player. This way game last until all players are afoot and make a chain. They keep walking and reciting for some time, suddenly driver drops the cudgel and takes a seat. Other players do the same. The one who remains without a seat must pay forfeit and became a driver.

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Disappearing DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

87


PLAY, DREAM, LIVE… THE SAME, DIFFERENT

GAME

LA-61

1. NAME OF THE GAME Iet vistiņās / Chickens hunt (in Latvian and in English) 2. ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PLAYING Scarf AND MATERIALS 3. NUMBER OF PLAYERS Not fixed 4. SEX OF PLAYERS Not fixed 5. AGE OF PLAYERS Children / teenagers 6. PLACE The room 7. SEASON OF THE YEAR Winter / spring 8. DESCRIPTION OF THE GAME One player tie up eyes with a scarf – he or she is (RULES) a blind goshawk and tries to catch other players - chickens.

Game starts with blind goshawk ask: “How many are you there?” Chickens answer: “As many as tree has leaves”, goshawk says “I will get you all in my clutches” and after this goshawk starts hunting, chickens run away. Chickens clap hands all the time so that goshawk can hear where to catch. When goshawk snatch some chicken, it becomes a blind goshawk

9. IS IT STILL PLAYED? IF NOT, WHEN Still played game DID IT DISSAPEAR? 10. IMAGES

88



Traditional Games Catalogue