Page 1


ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN PORTFOLIO 2010 - 16 / FEATURE WORKS FROM / International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University The Bartlett School of Architecture . University College London Maincourse Architect Co. Ltd.,


Supanut Bunjaratravee . architect . interior design . researcher . a . 11 Bastwick Street, London, EC1V 3AQ. t . + 447843115065 e . supanut.ar@gmail.com education . 2015-16

MArch Architectural Design / Distinction / Master in Architecture . The Bartlett School of Architecture . B-Pro Architectural Design . University College London . London . United Kingdom

2010-14

BSc Architectural Design / Second-class Honours / Bachelor of Science (Architectural Design) . International Program in Design and Architecture . Faculty of Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . Bangkok . Thailand

experiences . 2016/1

Pattern Recognition / Alisa Andrasek . International Workshop . Bartlett . KMUTT Teaching Assistance . London - Bangkok . United Kingdom - Thailand . Assist in Teaching generative design workshops using basic coding tools to create generative design models to be fabricated in the newly installed fabrication workshop at King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi. This is a 10-days workshop conduct at SoA+D, KMUTT following the lecture session by Alisa Andrasek, founder of BIOTHING and MArch Graduate Architectural Design (GAD) Programme Director at the Bartlett School of Architecture, focusing on the potential of computational design tools for efficient fabrication process.

2014-15

Maincourse Architect Co, Ltd. Architectural Designer . 1 year . Bangkok . Thailand . A Young and energetic Bangkok-based architectural design firm. As a common nature of young and growing firm, every designers are responsible for all processes of the project synthesis: initial briefings, attending client meeting, schematic designs, design development, coordinating with other corporate teams, coordinating with engineering, cost management, client presentation, provide documentation for biding toward construction, site visits, and managing in collaborations with local contractor team towards efficient and complete delivery of each project. Involved in several projects of various scales, ranging from LaMonita Unbana Canteen Restaurant at the Emquatier, Nusasiri Condominium interior design, and Renovation of D.Varee Hotel Beach Resort public space at Jomtein Beach, Pattaya.

skills .

. Adobe Illustrator . Adobe Indesign . Adobe Photoshop . Arnold Rendering . cmd . maya . Artlantis Rendering . Autodesk 3dsMax-Vray . Autodesk AutoCAD . Autodesk Maya . DIVA environmental analysis . Grasshopper . Kangaroo Physics

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

. Keyshot Rendering . Lumion Rendering . Microsoft Word . Pages . Microsoft Excel . Numbers . Microsoft Power-point . Keynote . Processing . JAVA scripting . Rhinoceros 3D-Vray . Video Editing .


acadamic achievements . 2013/2

best of studio award . ASEAN culture center proposal . winner . international programme in design and architecture . chulalongkorn university . thailand .

2014/1

best of studio award . Canadian High Commision Proposal in Canberra . finalist - not present at final jury due to being an exchange student - university of canberra . australia .

2014/2

best design project award . can-al-ocity sansab urban design scheme . finalist . international programme in design and architecture . chulalongkorn university . thailand .

international workshops . 2013/2

exchange program graduation studio / Distinction / . university of canberra chulalongkorn university exchange programme . bangkok - australia . AA visiting school . generative glass workshop Immanuel Koh . generative design - glass workshop . collaboration with tamkang university . taiwan .

2013/1

experience architecture workshop . hotel and resort architecture . Scott Drake - Antoine Lassus . international programme in design and architecture . bali . indonesia . art-space architectural design workshop . gallery designing . Jason Wee . singapore-based artist . bangkok art space design session . thailand .

2012/1

cinematic urban design workshop . chu hai public realm . Brian McGrath . urban design workshop collaboration between Chu-Hai College of Higher education (Hong Kong), National Cheng Kung University (Taiwan), Chulalongkorn University (Thailand) and Parson New School of Design (New York) . hong kong .

2011/1

psychogeography . manhattan-based urban observation workshop . Connelly La Mar . new york-based artist . new york . united states of america .

exhibitions . 2016/2

META UTOPIA . between process and poetry . gossamer-skins work on displat at. Zaha Hadid Design Gallery in Goswell Road, London building envelop prototype model from /GOSSAMER.SKINS/ on display from 21.11-09.12 .

. resume .


architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .


content.

professional . 001 .

2015/1

D.Varee Jomtein Beach Pattaya / public interior architecture Maincourse Architect Co Ltd. . Bangkok . Thailand . progress _ BIDDING . Design direction . Pavin Supasri / design director Design by . Supanut Bunjaratravee . Ruud Mesombatngarm . Engineer . Tann Engineering

002 .

2015/1

Senanikom Residence / family residence Maincourse Architect Co Ltd. . Bangkok . Thailand . progress _ BIDDING . Design direction . Pavin Supasri / design director Design by . Supanut Bunjaratravee . Engineer . Chittinat Wongmaneeprateep

003 .

2014/2

La Monita Urbana Cantena / restaurant in Emquatier Maincourse Architect Co Ltd. . Bangkok . Thailand . progress _ COMPLETE . Design direction . Pavin Supasri / design director Design by . Kiattikhun Nimcharoenwan . Supanut Bunjaratravee . Engineer . Tann Engineering

004 .

2014/2

Nusasiri Sriracha Condo / residential interior design Maincourse Architect Co Ltd. . Bangkok . Thailand . progress _ UNBUILT . Design direction . Pavin Supasri / design director Design by . Supanut Bunjaratravee .

acadamic . 005 .

2015-16

Gossamer.skins / high resolution building envelope MArch (Distinction) . The Bartlett school of architecture . UK Design direction . Alisa Andrasek . Daghan Cam . Andy Lomas . Team . Supanut Bunjaratravee . Weiwen Cui . Manrong Liang . Xiao Lu . Zefang Shi . Research team’s lead designer, responsible for team’s design direction, major contributions in designing, coding, all presentation material, coordinating, overall management of project delivery with other team member and fabrication team .

006 .

2014/1

Every-Inches-House / CANA-L-OCITY urban design International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . Thailand Design direction . Komthat Syammananda

007 .

2013/2

Canadian high commission building / security program University of Canberra in collaboration with Canadian High Commision . Australia Design direction . Catherine Townsend

008 .

2013/1

ASEAN culture centre / architecture for emergences International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . Thailand Design direction . Hans-Henrik Rusmundsen

009 .

2012/2

Dorm.i.city / very-Local urbanised dormitory International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . Thailand Design direction . Prisdha Jumsai na Ayutthaya

. catalog of involved projects .


D.Varee Hotel Jomtien Beach, Pattaya Large Public Area Renovation . beach hotel archetype Maincourse Architect Co Ltd., Design Director . Pavin Supasri Designer . Supanut Bunjaratravee . Ruud Meesombatngarm Engineer . TANN Engineering Role . Client briefing , Site analysis with Engineering , Schematic Design , Design Development Material Prototyping , Client Presentation with international hospitality team .

D.Varee Jomtien Beach Hotel is one of the largest developments of the D.Varee hotel chain. The current state of the hotel is a spacious 2-star hotel converted from an unsuccessful condominium development. Therefore, this project is very challenging in terms of working with limitations of the existing infrastructure. This redesigned scheme for the public area is tries to connect the hotel program to its precious beach front and create a lively environment for visitors. The areas renovated include both the current main entrance at the car-park, new entrance from the beach front, the hotel restaurant and bar, the check-in lobby and additional functional spaces to be introduced under this spacious podium of the classic condominium development.

1.1

The connection from the sea to the hotel lobby is completely reinvented. The existing condition is that the lobby is located near the elevator core, which is built according to the condominium archetype. The solution we came up with was to reinvent the unused space under the condominium podium and transform it into a large corridor located in parallel to the restaurant, directly leading to the sea from the lobby at the inner part of the project. This long space is then partitioned into smaller zones with different tones to screen the appearance of its extreme length and provide well partitioned space for larger groups of tourists. This will reduce partially the visual connection and the overall space volume in some part to tear down this spacious corridor, creating a unique experience of entering the hotel from the beach front. The interior design’s main theme is to emphasise on the hotel’s main concept of ‘water’. The term ‘D.Varee’ means good water, referring to its location as a leading beach hotel. The partition screens that help create a unique partition and lighting effects were created from sequin pieces from local craftsmanship in Pattaya. These reflective and fluid components create more sense of flow and reflection to the space, as well as reflecting the local identity.

Fig 1.1 - lobby corridor interior perspective toward the sea . Fig 1.2 - lobby interior perspective toward the back entrance .

D.Varee Jomtien Beach Pattaya . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

1.2

8


architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

9


1

1

1.3

1.

1

1.

1

2

2 1

9

16 17 19

3.2

20

18

15

18 17

21

21

22

14

5

4.

3.

3

4.4

6

1.

24

24

24

24

24

24

23

23 24

1 3.

1.7

25

26

25 3.6 3.4

3.3

27

D.Varee Jomtien Beach Pattaya . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

16

15

10


1. Lobby Seating Partition 2. Check-in Area 3. Group Check-in Waiting Area 4. Group Check-in desk 5. Group Check-in Drop-off 6. Guest Entrance 7. Illy Cafe 8. Reception Back-of-house 9. Luggage Room 10. Low-Mid Level Rooms Elevator 11. High Level and Rooftop Elevation 12. Fire Exit 13. Mechanical Room 14. Restaurant Reception 15. Female Bathroom 16. Male Bathroom 17. Storage Room 18. Retail Stores 19. Restaurant Bar 20. Swimming pool Bar 21. Breakfast Area 22. Breakfast Desk 23. Showcase Kitchen 24. Private-seating Dining Landscape 25. All-day-dining area 26. All-day-dining desk 27. Private room dining

8

3

9

6 1

1

13

1

10

1

3 4.1

10 13 12

3

4 11

4.2

5

3

3

7

N

0.625m 1.25m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

2.5m

Ground floor plan 5m

Scale 1:250

11


Long corridor . Sequin Partition The long lobby corridor is trimmed into smaller yet continuous partitions, created from local sequin screens with customised angle of reflection.

Establish more connection The isolated all-day dinning area and breakfast area are connected via the glass showcase kitchen and dining landscape that invite guests to the chef.

Re-invented seating space The existing condition is the VIPs sit too high above other guest level. We introduced step-style seating to promote more continuity in the area. This variation in height exist as there is a kitchen underneath the seating area that requires more volume.

D.Varee Jomtien Beach Pattaya . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

12


1.3 Fig Fig Fig Fig Fig

1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7

- interior perspective of lobby corridor with sequin partitions - mood board for lighter tone configuration - mood board for darker tone configuration - perspective view of dining landscape and showcase kitchen - interior perspective view of all-day dinning new levelling style

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

13


2.1

2.2

2.3 Fig 2.1 - interior perspective showcase kitchen looking out to the sea Fig 2.2 - perspective of dining landscape and showcase kitchen Fig 2.3 - perspective of dining landscape and showcase kitchen at night

D.Varee Jomtien Beach Pattaya . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

14


2.2

2.1

2.3

2.4

2.5 All-day-Dining space Larger Hall with skylight and access to dining landscape, step design to accommodate kitchen underneath without create isolated space like the existing design

Showcase kitchen

Dining Landscape Breakfast Area

A unique connecting space Water-based landscape Closer to the lobby with between the two zone with with seats and an out- lower ceiling, entrance to chefs and guests interaction door dining option other dinning zone

Fig 2.4 - dinning space plan Fig 2.5 - conceptual dinning space section

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

15


3.1

3.4

3.5 Fig 3.1 - interior perspective of all day dining area Fig 3.2 - interior perspective of male bathroom Fig 3.3 - interior perspective of VIP private dining area

3.6 Fig 3.4 - interior perspective of all day dining area Fig 3.5 - interior perspective of breakfast area Fig 3.6 - interior perspective of all day dining area towards the dining landscape

D.Varee Jomtien Beach Pattaya . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

16


3.2

3.3

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

17


4.1

4.2

D.Varee Jomtien Beach Pattaya . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

18


4.3

4.4

Fig Fig Fig Fig

4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4

-

interior perspective of the back entrance for group check-in with sequin partition interior perspective of the back entrance for group check-in with sequin partition interior perspective of beach front entrance from beach to lobby corridor interior perspective of breakfast area reception next to elevator core

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

19


1.1

Senanikom Residence

Private residence for retiring engineers parents and young academia. Maincourse Architect Co Ltd., Design Director . Pavin Supasri Architectural Designer . Supanut Bunjaratravee Engineer . Chittinat Wongmaneeprateep Role . Client briefing , Schematic Design , Design Development , Client Presentation Contractor Biding Documentation and Documentation for Construction .

Senanikom Residence . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

This is a 300 sqm residential building located in Senanikom Development, now is the home to a retired engineer and his wife. The daughter’s family is re-locating to a more convenient area of Bangkok, and is interested in developing this property into a shared space between her new family and her parents. The aim is to create a lively yet relaxing environment with workable areas for both the university professor and their parents. This project aims to create a safe and comfortable environment for the senior family

20


1.2

1.3

Fig 1.1 - interior courtyard perspective towards main living room . Fig 1.2 - interior courtyard perspective from the living room . Fig 1.3 - interior courtyard perspective towards bedrooms .

members. The conceptual framework of this project is to create ‘seamless transition’ areas within the house, and to emphasise the connection with the exterior gardens. The program for senior family members are all located on the ground floor with minimal steps, while still maintaining a good orientation of various rooms according to their beliefs, such a higher bedroom level than other living areas. This was achieve with minimum steps, while the level transition areas were designed with enough additional space for

further renovations without affecting the main structural system, such as the possibility of additional ramp with a comfortable slope. All the living areas were designed to be elegant with large intakes of natural light to allow senior members to enjoy the garden and encourage visual connection between each different room. The large working table is also part of the structural system, where it seamlessly merges the living room to the garden greenery.

architectural design . interior design .urban design . architectural research .

21


1.4

Fig Fig Fig Fig

1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7

-

interior perspective of the main living room . living area interior perspective of the main living room . dining area interior perspective of the master bathroom . interior perspective of master bedroom .

The client required a design that is really makes use of the site more efficiently, as the old resident consists of large garden areas that did not really interact with interior space, resulting in an overall experience of a highly enclosed space. Thus, the new design meant building 100% to the site boundary, changing from a house surround by garden towards a garden courtyard surround by the residence. This means that every room will have access to the garden especially the living room. The new living space would

Senanikom Residence . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

consist of a high ceiling which is fully exposed to natural light, and decorated with warm up-lights to lit up the space indirectly at night. The space is connected to the praying room, washing rooms, the staircase to upper floor with daughter and maid bedrooms, that are well separated from the villa-style master bedroom at the garden level. This allow the transition of private and semi-private area such as bedroom and living room to become respectively more distinguishable.

22


1.5

1.6

The design of the master bedroom allows generous space to be extremely easy to use, and enough space to be conveniently access by wheelchairs if necessary in the future. Similar to the overall plan, the circulation of this area is seamless, with minimum steps. The two senior members of the family requested to sleep on two different beds with a room partition but still in the same master bedroom, therefore the master bedroom is so spacious that its size is equivalent to two bedrooms for accessibility. All the rooms inside

1.7

this master villa consist of a low window to allow the residence to see the garden while getting comfortable sleep in the morning. The interior style is minimally toned with emphasis on the wooden floors, which is the combination of the new engineered woods, real teak planks, and existing teak flooring of the existing resident. In addition, furniture pieces were also reused in this new design to ensure more spatial familiarity for the senior residence.

architectural design . interior design .urban design . architectural research .

23


13

3

4

5

1.

4

1.6

2

section3 6

1

1

1.7

1.2 7 1.1

13

1.3

1.5

section2

11

12

10

section1

section4

1. Master Bedroom 2. Master Bathroom 3. Dressing Room 4. Praying Room 5. Storage Room 6. Living Room 7. Dining Room

8. Kitchen 9. Bathroom 10. Washing Room 11. Shoe Storage 12. Car Park 13. Garden

Senanikom Residence . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

section6

N

9

8

section5

0.25m 0.50m

1m

Ground floor plan 2m

Scale 1:100

24


section3

section2

1 2 3

section1

section4

1. Small Bedroom 2. Small Bathroom 3. Maid Bedroom 4. Maid Bathroom

section6

N

4

section5

0.25m 0.50m

architectural design . interior design .urban design . architectural research .

1m

Second floor plan 2m

Scale 1:100

25


0.25m

1m

0.50m

0.25m 0.50m

Senanikom Residence . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

Section 1 2m

1m

Scale 1:100

Section 2 2m

Scale 1:100

26


0.25m

1m

0.50m

0.25m 0.50m

architectural design . interior design .urban design . architectural research .

Section 3 2m

1m

Scale 1:100

Section 4 2m

Scale 1:100

27


0.25m

1m

0.50m

0.25m 0.50m

Senanikom Residence . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

Section 5 2m

1m

Scale 1:100

Section 6 2m

Scale 1:100

28


Seamless Main Programs The architectural and structural design aim to create spacious programs that is convenient for senior users.

Open to Garden All rooms face inwards to the garden, changing to a courtyard style living space.

Minor Program on Top Isolates less used space to upper floor

architectural design . interior design .urban design . architectural research .

Transforming Potential Structural Design to accommodate modification for convenient wheel chair access

Axonometric Drawing Overall space

29


1.1

La Monita Urbana Cantina

Mexican dining experience with a modern twist Maincourse Architect Co Ltd., Design Director . Pavin Supasri Architectural Designer . Kitthikhun Nimchareonwan . Supanut Bunjaratravee Engineer . TANN Engineering

Role . Presentation materials , Design Development , Documenting for construction On-site visits , On-site revision drawing

La Monita Urbana Cantina . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

‘La Monita Mexican Urban Cantina’ is an authentic Mexican restaurant nestled in the EmQuartier Shopping Complex in Bangkok. The restaurant is located on the 7thfloor of the ‘Helix Quartier’, providing an elegant balcony with a stunning view of the Bangkok skyline. The design reflects the vision of La Monita’s culinary team in bringing the beautiful and intricate flavours of Mexican food to Thailand. The team’s aim is to create an authentic Mexican dining experience with a modern twist, and to showcase a new definition

30


1.2

1.3

1.4

Fig Fig Fig Fig

1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4

-

interior photo from front area seating . interior photo from public corridor . interior photo from public corridor wide . interior photo from cocktail counter .

of fine-dining in a Latin-fiesta style restaurant. The fluidity of the helix structure in EmQuartier extends from the uneven floor that revolves around the large interior green space into each individual retail space. The design team was challenged by the design constraints of the unpredictably uneven floor plane, and responded by allowing the behaviour of the floor to flow within the project, creating a fluid yet functional dining experience.

Flat surfaces that are essential in designing efficient spaces were minimised in this project to respect and accommodate the fluidity of the overall architectural design, yet still providing a comfortable seating area, an efficient operational area and a welcoming reception area. This makes circulating through the restaurant a nearly seamless experience requiring minimal steps, and at the same time the major variation in floor levels compared to the helix corridor can be experienced.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

31


2 2.

1 2.

3.1

2 1

3 9

2.3 4

5

1. Reception Area 2. Corridor Seats 3. Large Table Zone 4. Outdoor Balcony 5. Cocktail Bar 6. Family Dining 7. Family Zone 8. Washing Kitchen 9. Cooking Kitchen

8 6

7

N

0.25m

1m

Furniture plan

0.50m

Scale 1:100

2m

+4.80 upper floor lv.

+2.90 ceiling lv.

+0.40 kitchen floor lv. +0.00 reference floor lv.

0.1875m

0.75m

0.375m

La Monita Urbana Cantina . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

Section 1.5m

Scale 1:75

32


2.1

2.2

2.3 Fig 2.1 - interior perspective from front corridor . day time . Fig 2.2 - interior perspective from front corridor . night time . Fig 2.3 - perspective view of outdoor balcony . night time .

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

33


3.1

240.00

R20

R40.00

R10.00

R10.00

700.00

00

30 100 240

R10.00

140

La Monita Urbana Cantina . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

40 .0

84

20

84 20.00 60.00

98

0

1100

84

120.00

11 00

11

40.00

R50.00

R50.00

R10.00

R10.00

40.00

R50.00

R10.00

200

120.00

200.00 50

34


The raised floor is flattened by the precise details of local woods, partitioning the restaurant into different zones consisting of a large seating area along the helix corridor, an area with large tables for family dining, a unique counter bar, and an additional exterior seating on the balcony overlooking the city of Bangkok.

Exotic graphic patterns on custom laminated sheets resembling a tribal atmosphere were wrapped around the restaurant in a fluid yet static gesture. Black engineered wood was the main flooring material, proud of its unique texture, yet providing a deeper colour spectrum to allow wooden elements to lead the show.

The space is extremely wide and elegant compared to standard retail spaces, with built-in furnitures designed as gigantic solid masses to create a strong impression for the population circulating around the helix corridor. In particular, the main counter bar, which is raised from the ever sloping ground plane, helps to create a striking impression of the restaurant, even for the people on opposite end of the shopping mall. The materials selected for this project consist of a selection of local teak wood planks assembled to exhibit the Thai craftsmanship.

The furniture designs were a result of our collaboration with Room Concept Store’s in-house designers. The wooden triangular tables were our experiment in designing the dining experience. The tables were designed in such a way that brings the users closer together, facing each other while at the same time facing towards the same view, be it the helix corridor or the panoramic view of Bangkok. The table comes in two sizes, providing a unique yet flexible seating plan.

All customised furniture The triangulated table offer a unique dinning experience. The design is to ideally facilitate two person to facing each other and the surrounding at the same time

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

Fig 3.1 - interior perspective from front corridor . panoramic .

35


customised kitchen sinks.

upper furniture edge. counter downlight.

furniture connection line. counter level change.

counter downlight. main counter floor lv.

change in floor lv.

Section1

Section3

counter top edge. counter level change.

customised refrigerator.

counter level change.

change in floor lv.

main counter floor lv.

counter top edge.

Section2

panel of 20mm plywood cladded with veneer. ceiling lv.

Section4

parawood frame 1.5”x3” cladded 10mm plywood with raw wood plank finish. glass 20mm

parawood frame 1.5”x3” cladded 10mm plywood with raw wood plank finish.

parawood frame 1.5”x3” cladded 10mm plywood with raw wood plank finish.

glass 20mm

section 004.

parawood frame 1.5”x3” cladded 10mm plywood with stainless steel finish.

section 003.

parawood frame 1.5”x3” cladded 10mm plywood with veneer finish. parawood frame 1.5”x3” cladded 10mm plywood with raw wood plank finish.

floor finishing lv.

section 001.

section 002.

Furniture that showcase Thai craftsmanship The restaurant interior design aims to create only a few built in furniture but large pieces to enhance the larger space offered by the mall to appear more spacious. This is the chance to design something with large surface area and exposed the Thai wooden craftsmanship. This furniture is a functional combination of teak wood planks, several laminated veneers, and customised kitchenware serving as a cocktail bar.

La Monita Urbana Cantina . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

36


Process Design Each pattern of wrapping laminate is cut from full sheets.

Pattern Fabrication Customised Laminated sheets with restaurant’s unique pattern with specific cutting patterns Pattern Assembly and Fabrication In traditional Mexican restaurants, tribal patterns are the most common form of decorative patterns. In La Monita, we printed the pattern in two colours, black and brown, from real wood texture. The furnitures with these patterns were clad in a mixture of veneer and laminated sheets partially painted black with the designed pattern.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

37


1.1

Nusasiri Sriracha Condominium Compact condominium type . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd., Design Director . Pavin Supasri Architectural Designer . Supanut Bunjaratravee Role . Schematic Design , Design Development , Documentation for Construction .

Nusasiri Sriracha is another residential development by Nusasiri Group. This selected project is the interior design for the type B schematic design of the Sriracha condominium. The initial brief required us to design a fully equipped condominium that is very compact, consisting of roughly 60 sqm for the entire living room, bath room, kitchen, dinning area, bedroom, and a bathtub. The design of this unit consists of leather material to give the room a lighter and softer touch for the residence. Creamy tonal fabrics and calm decorative furnitures was designed to help soften the mood

Nusasiri Sriracha Condominium . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

38


1.2

1.3

Fig 1.1 - interior perspective of the bedroom and bathroom partition . Fig 1.2 - interior perspective of the bedroom outward . Fig 1.3 - interior perspective of the living room and its balcony .

of a compact space with strong and sharp form that is common in a functionally efficient space. The furnitures were selected to be smaller than usual scale with many moveable furniture to ensure the space did not look too crowded. In addition, a touch of white marble was added to furniture top and bedroom planes to introduce a sense of value and cleanliness to the space. The layout of this room is simplistically separate into two parts. The entrance half consists of a living room with a balcony and an

entrance area that also functions as a kitchen and dinning area. In the middle of the room there is a partition door between the living area and bedroom area to increase privacy when there are guests or trap the smells when cooking. The bathroom consists of a compact bathtub that is separated from the bedroom with a glass partition, and the beautiful view of Sriracha can be seen through the bedroom while enjoying the bath.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

39


2.1

2.2 Fig 2.1 - interior perspective of entrance space, kitchen and dining space Fig 2.2 - interior perspective of bathroom and connection to bedroom

Nusasiri Sriracha Condominium . Maincourse Architect Co Ltd.

40


4

7 5

2.1

1.3 8

6

3

2.2

1.2

1.1 1 2

1. Bedroom 2. Dressing Area 3. Bathroom 4. Kitchen 5. Entrance Area 6. Dining Area 7. Living Room 8. Balcony

N

0.125m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

0.25m

0.5m

Type. B floor plan 1m

Scale 1:50

41


Gossamer.skins

High resolution design towards super performing building envelope .

MArch (Distinction) . The Bartlett school of architecture . UK Design direction . Alisa Andrasek . Daghan Cam . Andy Lomas . Team . Supanut Bunjaratravee . Weiwen Cui . Manrong Liang . Xiao Lu . Zefang Shi . Research team’s lead designer, responsible for team’s design direction, major contributions in designing, coding, presentation material, coordinating with fabrication team.

| ABSTRACT | This project investigates the potential of increased resolution in computational design and robotic fabrication to speculate new architecture with unseen performance and aesthetics. The design of the Building Envelope was reinvented via the high resolution ‘Stigmergy’ behavior in the multi-agent system, fabricating surfaces from local-based logic at multi-resolution. This architectural speculation is a context-responsive generative system that provides, over large architectural skins, a high resolution customization of performances such as shading, weathering, structure enhancing, and crafting extended habitable spaces. The intricacy of the building envelope is then realized through precise robotic extrusion in the voxel space to enhance printing efficiency and structural aesthetics for direct application, while maintaining the complex agents behavioral gesture and the directionality of the generative system.

Fig 1.1 - architectural speculation rendering . tower architype

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

42


1.1

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

43


1.2

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

44


On High-resolution . . Increasing resolution . . Increase performance . High resolution configuration of matter is discussed as the key methodology in designing hyper-performing speculative designs. As evident in nature systems, complex but precise configurations can be the key in specific performance related properties. The design searching process introduces the idea of recreating, to a feasible extend, these configurations that lead to hyper performance via multi-agent system of the same degree of complexity as close to biological systems as the current tools can achieve. The generative algorithm we explored with the intention to achieve hyper performance was evaluated in terms of its potential application in architecture scale, as building envelope. We see the potential application in this architecture element as the emerging pattern capable of high resolution self optimised structure and unseen emergence of shading panel. This design thesis and project aim to explore the idea of reconsidering the low resolution distribution of material | Fig.1.1 | in traditional building techniques into a higher resolution generative simulation that is capable of creating an unseen architecture language | Fig.1.2 |, with unprecedented performance in feasible architectural applications. The design searching process started with the investigation of several significant frameworks that has proven to be capable of creating hyper-performing systems such as experimenting with material behaviour, generative simulation

Hyper-performance . Speculating the unseen The configuration of matter is essential in designing towards hyper-performing built environment. This design thesis report investigates various sources of hyper-performing configurations, both existing biologically and by design, and analyzed for integration into the generative design system that produces hyper-performing architecture speculation. This includes the study of unique configurations’ characteristics that enable the system to be hyper-performing. These high resolution configurations can be observed in natural configuration properties such as material behavior, generating process, optimization, and micro-reconfiguration. The advancement in computational design and fabrication capability enable designers to work at a high resolution similar to the configurations in nature. This leads to the emergence of unseen hyper-performing

optimisation and micro-self configuration, and nature computing. The way matters respond to a certain contextual quality is the essential observation that introduces the idea of optimised micro structure or general configuration which contribute to create several natural phenomenal performance by biologically configured system. These hyper performing configuration in nature has been clearly emphasised in contemporary architecture in various ‘order of scale’ such as in material micro configuration, natural form wire frame structure, or even a philosophical adaptation of nature performances. The role for the designer is to then explore with the generative design system and to recognise the emerging spectacular. As an example, how architectural movements shift from the classical to the contemporary also depends on people’s perception of the particular performance of various architectural style. It is evident that patterns of ornaments and how the building skins are configured through each architectural movement contribute to their long term performance. This inspire contemporary innovators and designers to analyse and improve the existing architectural scene. The rapid improvement, especially in resolution, of design and fabrication tools are enabling designers to achieve unseen emerging innovations. Designers are aware that the technologies are in the right stage to redefine the performance of a certain architecture element, in this case, the building envelope. This essay discusses several projects that tackle the idea of high performance building skins though material engineering and properties, creating several additional functions for the skin and not limited to being merely shelter planes. In addition, the advancement in computational design and scripting

architectural speculations through high resolution simulations that can be later synthesized to the fabrication process while maintaining the intricacy of generated configurations that create its hyper performance. [Gossamer - skins]’s algorithm generates Stigmergy behavior within the multi-agent system to create a structurally integrated surface and shading planes by synthesizing generative simulations, with precise contextual constraints, through to the fabrication design to create a hyper-performing building envelope. The notion of whether or not an object is hyper-performing varies from various factor. This essay discuss hyper performances as a fundamental goal to build better architecture. Matters existing biologically in nature have always been superior to man-made inventions in terms of micro-complexity, resolution, and adaptive performances. Eggshells, as an example, possess the strength that far surpasses its thickness (Hutton, 2005) | Fig 2.1 | . Snail-shell’s layering micro-structure observed from a microscopic

enables designers to go deeper with generating these hyper performance. As an example in Parametricism, a certain performing system can dynamically be reconfigured according to contextual alterations. This is also achieved in [Gossamer - skins], in the synthesis of contextual parameters to the local interaction rule that eventually affects the global configuration to alter its performance according to the context. Our processes also include explorations of hyper performance creating techniques, implementing aspects of the predecessor research into our process that experiments towards different approaches of high resolution methods of configurations through generative multi-agent systems, which are capable of simulating an unseen configurations. Fabrication capability and limitation is another significant field of exploration to achieve hyper performance as the complex simulation system require to be translated into feasible hyper-performing architecture element. The enhanced capability of fabrication allow contemplating designers to achieve hyper performance through innovative methods such as fabricating of high resolution microstructure optimisation, nature inspired configuration, synthesising with high resolution context mapping, and complex space in architecture scale. Nevertheless, limitation in terms of time, cost, and accuracy have always been the major constraints that require additional logic to synthesised the significant character of speculative designs and achieve an optimised fabrication method. However, these avant-garde innovations are significant stepping stones towards architecture speculative conversations on how we can use these advanced high resolution tools to better build our built environment.

image suggests a strong composition of particle configuration | Fig 2.2 | . Fiberglass, also observed from a microscopic image, its fibrous micro structure suggests its performance and application as insulation | Fig 2.3 | . These kind of hyper-performing phenomenal biologically exists in nature and adaptations to survive are included in various living organisms, plants, and biologically designed configurations to achieve a particular performance. Human designers cannot achieve these qualities nor create such a performance as the tools we possess in design and fabrication haven’t reached the required caliber. This design report and project will be discussing and experimenting through creative coding and realization into fabricate-able production. High resolution multi-agent system was explored as the main tool as the aim is to achieve extreme resolution, similar to that of nature, at a various order of scale which is the key to reconfigure the arrangement of particles towards hyper-performing built environment.

Fig 1.2 - architectural speculation rendering . tower architype

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

45


Pattern Recognition .

In an architecture historical context, patterns seem to be an extremely influential element in all of the ever-changing architectural Designer’s reactions to emergence in movements. As further explained in ‘Parametric algorithmic research Patterns’, the basic theory of classical architecture suggests that patterns were used as an essential ornamentation, a required element that As an increasingly dominating tool, computational design searching require designers conveys the concept of character. Schumacher further explores the necessity of ornamentation by to engage in scripting, codes, and digital fabrication. The increased resolution in the computing stating that a building without decorations were unfinished and considered naked, unable to enter ability of contemporary technologies enable the emergence of unseen wonders. Nevertheless, de- the social world (Schumacher, 2009). Neversigners have to analyze these unseen emergences theless, during the 19th Century, ornamentation was eliminated through Modernism. Schumacher and to ‘recognize’ the potential for its synthesis later discusses the public scandals regarding the within the architectural context. shift to what was describe as naked architecture by addressing Adolf Loos’ Haus Michaeler Platz Discussions revolving around pattern in Vienna | Fig 3.1 | . The building introduced recognition is not as subjective as other design the elimination of most ornamentations with an based discussions. It is logical of individual extreme purity in form and a limited pattern. Loos tastes and preferences play a significant role in described ornamentation in comparison with the current design judgment. However, in the tattoos on criminals (Loos, 1962). Nevertheless, digital age, the design process and outcome Schumacher mentions that Herzog de Meuron’s have became more quantifiable. Patterns, both natural and artificial, have certain characteristics Ricola Storage Building in Mulhouse-Brunstatt was one of the early Modernist attempts in restoring, that influence its performance. In order to design towards hyper performance, the ability to analyse to some degree, some notion of pattern |Fig 3.2 | . This was arguably creating some effect in and recognize these patterns became extremely essential. Discussed in ‘Parametric Patterns’ in AD the overall atmosphere, although how patterns performed and influenced the performance in Architectural Design – Patterns of Architecture architecture scale remain unclear. This simple and by Patrick Schumacher, “Patterns might serve flat pattern application was considered “repetitive purposes of decorative enhancement, feature accentuation, camouflaging, totemic identification, and were applied like wall paper” (Schumacher, 2009). In contrast with Parametricism, it took semiotic differentiation, or any combination of all the previous ideologies of texture mapping those” (Schumacher, 2009).

2.1

2.2

3.1

3.2

and replaced or implemented into scripting. The advantages of these so-called Parametric Pattern, according to Schumacher, is its controllability with parametric scripting and adaptivity to fit in unique positions and form on host surfaces (Schumacher, 2009). This notion of reconfiguration in Parametricism is essential in design and scripting at a higher resolution. Not only does the pattern can be influenced by parametric data set, but it can also influence the whole macro to micro data set of parameter for generative scripting, resulting in hyper performance. It is undeniable that these patterns are related to performance as well. From a contemporary standpoint, we have the advantages of looking backwards and analysing through how a particular architecture has performed. The variations in terms of scale, resolution, meaning, context, and material all influence the performance of each particular pattern in architecture. There could be unintentional improvements of some aspects such as durability, constructibility, and general aesthetics over time, which can contribute as a starting point for further analyses to assist in designing hyper-performing architecture elements. It is essential to look back at how these design patterns performed and implemented successful elements, both intentionally and unintentionally designed, and use it to contribute in judging the emergence from generative design system, to allow generative designers to intelligently pattern recognize.

3.3

Fig 2.1-2.2 - Building Envelope, Low-Resolution Design.

Fig 3.1 - Microscopic Image of Eggshell Fig 3.2 - Microscopic Image of Snail Shell Fig 3.3 - Microscopic Image of Fibreglass

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

46


The alien v the traditional .

sohn and Serge Chermayeff’s De La Warr Pavilion located at the seafront of Bexhill on Sea, East Sussex, is a clear example of a less ornamental . Increased resolution . building located near the sea | Fig 4.1 | . This . Increased performance . Modernist Grade I listed building is definitely not in its best condition today. The large white planes and simple architectural elements of this Mod The dominant belief in this design ernist masterpiece were significantly damaged searching was to explore the notion of hyper performance achieved through a higher resolution by weathering. This applies to various Modernist larger simple planes of building envelopes in all of reconfiguration. The process involved experilocations, especially in extreme climates. In conmenting with various design possibilities through trast, facades with detailed ornamentations like different design searching tools and fabrication the Santa Susanna by Carlo Maderno was one techniques. The high resolution detailed configuexample of a Baroque architecture facade which ration of the explored matter is achieved though performs extremely well in terms of weathering | the notion of complexity in configuration. The main argument addressing computational design Fig 4.2 | . The building envelope seems timeless, in a manner similar to a majority of classical revolve around the notion of the necessity of buildings with a variation of depth and scale of complexity. What complex computational design ornamentation details. This variation in resolution can achieve that traditional designs and fabribetween Modernist and Classical facades prove cation techniques will never achieve. During the that the resolution and scale of details contribpast decade, the design industry in general was ute to the general performance of the building heavily influenced by computational design and envelope. In addition, durring our RC1 field trip digital fabrication. The achievements in printing we also experienced a similar phenomenon at multi-material, in multi-resolution and scale, as the Cambodian temple ruin. The organic pattern well as the breakthrough in computer science as a designer tool that can achieve higher resolution emergence of various ruin characteristics, the have enabled designers to work at a greater res- growth of organic substance that naturally transolution. In an architectural context, we are now in forms the temple create much more variation in depth, pattern and performance. the appropriate time to analyse the performance of architecture in various different movements. This variation in resolution also exists The clearest example is the performance against naturally in nature. The most common example weathering, comparing between the Baroque is the density of the bone structure that exists facade and the Modernist facade. Erich Mendelnaturally in human body. As explored in an article

4.1

4.2

5.1

5.2

reference data for bone density and body composition measured with dual energy x ray absorptivity in white children and young adults by I.M. Van der Sluis, our bone mineral density and body composition varies and can change with physical conditions such as age, gender, body index (van der Sluis, 2002), as well as significant health conditions such as the Osteoporosis condition. The pattern can also be observed through various body parts, such as the variation in the bone structure density in different parts of the body. Such changes in the micro structure configuration contributes to the strength specifically required for each body part. Similarly, animals also develop their own biological reconfigurations to adapt to a certain context. For example, bears in a tropical climate tend to have a lower density of fur layers as they do not need large layers of specific fur configurations to perform as insulation compared to bears in cold climate.

Fig 4.1 - Adolf Loos, Haus am Michaelerplatz, Vienna Fig 4.2 - Herzog de Meuron , Ricola Storage, Mulhouse-Br

Fig 5.1 - De la Warr Pavilion, Chermayeff, S. and Mendelsohn Fig 5.2 - Carlo Maderno’s Santa Susanna

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

47


6.1

Fig 6.1 - Simulation Sample . Stigmergy at multi-resolution without voxel . Fig 6.2 - Simulation Sample . Stigmergy at multi-resolution with voxel .

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

48


6.2

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

49


Stigmergy Simulation

EACH AGENT FIND THE CLOSEST TERRAIN POINT AND DROP PHEROMONE

THE AGENT THEN MOVE TOWARDS TERRAIN POINT WITH THE LARGER PHEROMONE

AS THIS PROCESS REPEATS, THE MOVING AGENT LEAVES CONTINUOUS PHEROMONE TRAILS FOR THE SYSTEM

/ Simulation / High Resolution Design at multi-resolution . / Simulation / of multi-agent system is the key research ingredient. The simulation is investigating the emerging configurations and performances generated during strategic simulation experiments. The dominating framework was to provide high-resolution designed configuration of prototyped surfaces that provide extra performance, letting / wonders emerge / from careful experimentation. The simulation process includes experimentation on Stigmergy behavior in high-resolution multi-agent system, fibrous-agents system, multi-resolution simulations, system-hierarchy and space division which led to extended controllable performance for further architectural speculation. / Simulating multi resolution / Simulating hierarchy in multi agent system / / Stigmergy behavioral model / Stigmergy multi agent systems / / Fibrous multi agent systems / Multi-resolution surfaces /

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

50


Terrain Snap for Efficientcy

EACH TRAIL POINT DROPPED BY THE AGENT WILL NOT CREATE A TRAIL LINE FROM THEIR LOCATION

THE TRAIL POINT LOCATION WILL THEN FIND THE CLOSEST TERRAIN POINT

THE TRAIL LINE CREATED BY SEVERAL TRAIL POINT PATHS CREATED BY SNAPPING TO TERRAIN POINT

Fibrous Agent Simulation

TRAIL POINTS LEAVE BY AGENT MOVEMENT

FIBER IS CASTED FROM THE AGENT TO THE NEIGHBOR AGENT WITHIN FIBER RANGE AND ANGLE

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

51


FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 0

/ Gridded v Free-flowing Stigmergy / with variations in [parameters]

FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 100

FRAME-COUNT . 200

FRAME-COUNT . 300

FRAME-COUNT . 400

/ Stigmergy Angle Variation / Offset 3 . Angle 30 .

FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 100

FRAME-COUNT . 200

FRAME-COUNT . 300

FRAME-COUNT . 400

/ Stigmergy Angle Variation / Offset 3 . Angle 45 .

FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 100

FRAME-COUNT . 200

FRAME-COUNT . 300

FRAME-COUNT . 400

/ Stigmergy Angle Variation / Offset 3 . Angle 60 .

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

52


FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 100

FRAME-COUNT . 200

FRAME-COUNT . 300

FRAME-COUNT . 400

/ Stigmergy Offset Variation / Offset 1 . Angle 45 .

FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 100

FRAME-COUNT . 200

FRAME-COUNT . 300

FRAME-COUNT . 400

/ Stigmergy Offset Variation / Offset 4 . Angle 45 .

FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 100

FRAME-COUNT . 200

FRAME-COUNT . 300

FRAME-COUNT . 400

/ Stigmergy Offset Variation / Offset 8 . Angle 45 .

FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 100

FRAME-COUNT . 200

FRAME-COUNT . 300

FRAME-COUNT . 400

/ Stigmergy Strength Variation / Offset 3 . Angle 45 . Strength 0.2

FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 100

FRAME-COUNT . 200

FRAME-COUNT . 300

FRAME-COUNT . 400

/ Stigmergy Strength Variation / Offset 3 . Angle 45 . Strength 1

FRAME-COUNT . 0

FRAME-COUNT . 100

FRAME-COUNT . 200

FRAME-COUNT . 300

FRAME-COUNT . 400

/ Stigmergy Strength Variation / Offset 3 . Angle 45 . Strength 4

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

53


/ Low fibrous agents / 2000 per layer

/ Medium fibrous agents / 5000 per layer

/ Highly fibrous agents / 10000 per layer / Fiber casting agents / . Create high resolution connection lines to create a fibrous Additive joints on the main structural veins trail points

FRAME . 50 NO AGENTS . 1000

FRAME . 100 NO AGENTS . 1000

FRAME . 150 NO AGENTS . 1000

FRAME . 200 NO AGENTS . 1000

FRAME .250 NO AGENTS . 1000

FRAME . 300 NO AGENTS . 1000

FRAME . 350 NO AGENTS . 1000

FRAME . 400 NO AGENTS . 1000

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

54


/ Surface optimization / Context integrated design This section will address the integration of architectural constrain integration to generative algorithm strategy. This will include generation of efficient data input and the process that will transform the given data to an influential forces within the generative system. Focusing on performances, these additional functions added to the algorithm will create more adaptivity of the configuration of agents to respond to the context and providing the required performances. This include a performance that is specifically performing to the required degree at a particular part of the overall space, including specific shading, screening, partitioning, structural enhancing and even crafting more habitable spaces. This is done by depth generation and expanding from the rich surface characteristics. / Lighting Heating Analysis for Building Envelope / Context simulation integration / / Depth Mass Creation Logic / Voxelised / Stigmergy /

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

55


LOW STIGMERGY OFFSET

LOW STIGMERGY OFFSET LOW STIGMERGY OFFSET

LOW STIGMERGY OFFSET

/ Building envelope / Architectural surface The Stigmergy and Fibrous Multi-agent algorithm was identified as a tool to create multi-resolution surface with various performance that was previously unseen in traditional architectural surfaces construction. Therefore, we drove into investigating the adaptation of this algorithm to create such an unseen architectural skins, an innovative building envelope. This include the design approach that starts to consider computability, efficiency, performance and possible fabrication techniques. The algorithm is now generating and creating an architectural elements by performance driven researches. / Building envelope case study / High resolution towards super performance / / Performance driven research / Initial context influenced physical designs /

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

56


7.1

7.2

7.3

Fig 7.1 - high resolution rendering with variations in Stigmergy parameters . low strength Fig 7.2 - high resolution rendering with variations in Stigmergy parameters . mid strength Fig 7.3 - high resolution rendering with variations in Stigmergy parameters . high strength

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

57


/ printing on structure / The connection from printing object and structure can also be designed into a voxel extruded joints that fit the printed voxel.

/ printing on skins / The overall simulated design can be fabricated on the surface of the building but not structurally connected to the skins directly.

/ printing depth / As an advantage of voxel tool-path, the overlaying is more efficient as the printed layer will have good support layer below.

/ efficient priting sequence / The higher resolution of generative system also produced a very large set of data. Voxelising helps to reduce the fabricatability.

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

58


/ Architectural Skins / Optimized application . The advantages of using voxel based design printing, extracted from high resolution multi-agent system, is that when considering fabrication and actual application, it is efficient. The optimized gridded voxel is translating loads of trail points to non duplicated voxel structures that can be printed upon layer by layer, directly onto the architectural skins. / Building envelope case study / High resolution towards super performance / / Performance driven research / Initial context influenced physical designs /

Voxelising Tool-Path Design

TERRAIN POINT GRID EXTRUDED TO 3D VOXEL

TRAIL LINE FROM STIGMERGY PLANE

LAYER BY LAYER GROWTH TO FILL UP VOXEL SPACE

TRAIL LINE EXTRUDED TO FILL VOXEL LAYER

VOXEL CAN BE LAYERED UP AND CHECKED FOR SUPPORT FROM THE LOWER LAYERS

Depth creation by cluster

EACH AGENT DIVIDES THEIR TRAILS INTO SEVERAL EVENLY DISTRIBUTED TRAIL POINTS

FROM THE AGENT POSITION, IT THEN COUNTS THE NUMBER OF NEIGHBOURS EXISTING WITHIN ITS VISION RANGE

THE AGENT WITH ENOUGH NEIGHBOURS (IN A HIGH DENSITY AREA) CAN CONTINUE GROWING, WHEN AS IF IT DOESN’T HAVE ENOUGH NEIGHBOURS IT IS REMOVED FROM THE SYSTEM

Depth creation by context parameter

EACH AGENT WAS GIVEN THE CONTEXTUAL INDEX AS A BEGINNING PARAMETER

THE AGENT WITH A HIGHER INDEX WILL BE EXTRUDED MORE, CREATING AVARIATION IN DEPTH CONTOUR. THE HIGH INDEX AGENT IS REMOVED AT A LATER LAYER.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

THIS CREATES THE SENSE OF CONTROL IN THE SYSTEM, SUCH AS HIGHLIGHTING THE AREAS THAT NEED MORE/LESS SUNLIGHT, STRUCTURE, OR ADDITIONAL SPACE. PERFORM AS A CONTEXT CUSTOMISDED SYSTEM.

59


/ DEPTH CREATION / Remove by boundary . Another logic in removing the ever growing layer of Stigmergy Agents from casting deposits is by using contour. This method can give a more accurate cut of contour to the desire shape with less random movement, but more a predefined area. This is the process of taking the initial contextual index data and extruded straight up to create a cutting plane. If the temperature is low, the cutting plane is deep, therefore it creating less thickness for shading. The use of contextual index data allowed this to be mapped and done in processing to create a context responsive depth. Nevertheless, it is still used in parallel with the remove by cluster technique. This method can ensure that the system generates the desire depth to facilitate specific functions.

/ DEPTH CREATION / Remove by cluster . The flat surfaces investigated in this research was the stepping stone towards creating an algorithm that could provide a new way of designing habitable spaces. The “depth” elements were what was missing from the previous simulation despite being heavily invested in the richness of the surface configuration. “Depth” could induce additional performances towards the generated object as it would show more variations in thickness that affects shading, transparency, structural state, and have the new ability to craft more habitable spaces. The main logic in removing agents can create depth as when the active Stigmergy layer agent moves up, some groups of the less denser area are removed, therefore shaping the overall trail point deposition by creating a contour of high density space that grows beyond some areas that have been removed. This logic is capable of creating variations of depths throughout the whole surface.

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

60


/ Remove by contour / middle area growth As shown in relation to the diagram of the projective contour by contextual data above, the edge part is removed but not the middle because it received too much heat and the simulation generates depth to provide extra shading.

/ Remove by cluster / high kill rates . High kill rate means each agent is require to find a high amount of neighbor within the given range to not be removed and continues to be active in this system. This shows that the agents were removed early therefore they have less depth. In addition, the area with the last surviving agent suggests an area of higher density in the system.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

61


8.1

/ Fabrication design / Multi resolution from design to built . This section will realise the research on simulation of Stigmergy behaviour and Fibrous agent at multi-resolution, and investigates how to translate the intricacy of the design into fabrication process. | GOSSAMER.skins | designed several fabrication tools as well as experimented with materials, fabrication techniques, and careful tool path design. Robotic extrusion, 3d printing by robot, was the main investigation area where we produce a part of the architectural speculation, the building envelope. In addition, we also explored various techniques such as printing with modified traditional printer in the search for the most efficient way to fabricate the intricacy and multi-resolution quality of this speculative design. / Tool-path generation from high resolution Stigmergy / / Fabrication via Maker-Bot / fibrous surface / / Fabrication via Robotic Extrusion / large scale envelop printing / / Fibrous surface via Robotic Extrusion /

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

62


8.2

Insulation part

Nozzle for test

Heater and Motor

Fig 8.1 - final model printed by Robot, PLA plastic material 100x220x30 cm Fig 8.2 - printing part with operating robot arm attached with plastic extruding system Fig 8.3 - extruding system parts and design

8.3 Framework of Extruding System

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

Insulation part

63


Structure curves. ToolPath simulation

Import the trailPoints from each set of agent in the same horizonal layer and the grid size is 8mm.

Connect the trailPoints of each set of agent with a continous straight line.

Extract the start and end point of each continous line.

Select one continous line in the same layer randomly and measure the distance between the end point and the starting point of each line. Calculate all the distance and choose the shortest distance and then begin with the next line.

Draw the shortest connecting lines among the trailPoint lines of each agent and join them into a continous line. Continous lines could save time and material for printing.

9.1 Printing process simulation . multi-resolution printing shown per percentage of layer completion from 0-100%

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

64


Fiber curve. ToolPath simulation

Select the fiber agents from the continous lines in each layer.

Extract some fiber agents based on some parameters such as numebers, viewRange and distance between parameter.

Connect the fiber lines based on the length between and viewRange parameter.

9.2

9.3

9.4

Fig Fig Fig Fig

9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

-

printing sequence diagram printing process, upper layers printing process, middle layers printing process, lower layers

65


10.1

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

66


10.2

10.3

/ Architectural speculation / High-resolution multi-agent system as Printed Architecture .

Fig 10.1 - architectural speculation . tower archetype Fig 10.2 - architectural speculation . pavilion archetype Fig 10.3 - architectural speculation . pavilion archetype

| GOSSAMER.skins | aims to propose a new kind of architectural skins that can be printed by robot. The simulation created several unique properties with Stigmergy behavior and Fibrous Agents. The generated high-resolution skins created contextually responsive building envelope with extra performances such as precise shading, reducing weathering damage, enhancing integrated structure system and crafting more habitable spaces. These skins were explored here as walls and an architecture scale of a high-rise tower. / Application to archetypes / Surface plane / Walls / Cantilevered Skins / / Architecture skins / Building Skins / Architecture Skins / Buildings . Towers /

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

67


10.4

10.5

10.6

Fig 10.4 - architectural speculation . wall archetype Fig 10.5 - architectural speculation . wall archetype Fig 10.6 - architectural speculation . wall archetype Fig 10.7 - architectural speculation . tower archetype

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

68


10.7

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

69


10.8

GOSSAMER.skins . MArch Architectural Design . The Bartlett School of Architecture . UCL

70


10.9 Fig 10.8 - architectural speculation . tower archetype Fig 10.9 - architectural speculation . tower archetype

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

71


EVERY-INCHES-HOUSE .

CANA-L-OCITY . Transit oriented district . redirecting community back to the canal . 4th year urban design studio . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . Tutor . Komthat Syammananda

The development This is a 300 sqmofresidential a vibrant building city like Banglocated intravelling Senanikom line which create bers.several This is awkward a 300 sqm residential CANA-L-OCITY building is the located urban in design Senanikom scheme Development, kok is undeniably nowdirectly is the home proportional to a retired to the engineer interchanging and his wife. scenarios. Development, Asoke is onenow of is the that home aim to to a retired introduce engineer a complete and his Transit wife. Their daughter development offamily its transportation who is moving infrastrucinto a moreBangkok’s convenience central business Theirthat daughter within 1km family who Oriented is moving District into a ideas moreinto convenience Asoke area, area Similar ture. of Bangkok to most interested Asian developing in improving counthis property radiusso have thatthe canluxury of area various of Bangkok mass interested notinonly improving reinventing this property the canalso butthat also can how be shared tries, Bangkok between developed the new massively family and during their parents. transitThe stations. aim isThis to include be shared the skytrain, between un-the new development family andshould their parents. be responding The aimtoisitstodecreate the pastlively 10 years but relaxing with major environment expansions. with workable derground, areas for several both bus create stations, lively airport but relaxing link velopment. environmentThis with will workable provide areas a development for both the university The increasingprofessor number office and their buildings, parents. conThis project as wellaim as the to create now forgotten the university Sansab Canal. professor and scheme their of parents. a complete This project district aim where to all create the a safe and comfortable dominiums, shopping malls environment and otherfor city the senior family mema safe and comfortable environment function of the forarea the senior that include family shopping members. attractions are creating a recurring traffic Sansab canal is very influential in Thai culmalls, offices, cafes, university, condominium congestion problem in the city. ture as it use to be one of the main transpor- and other new identity moving into Asoke tation method back in the Rattanakosin days. are in a completely walkable district. ComThe solution that was taken in the past 20 Now the boat is still operating but with the pleting a district size connection between all years are major mass transit infrastructures. lower working class. The potential of this cathe void between mass transit, develop canal The introduction of the BTS sky-train, MRT nal is massive as its parallel to the Sukhumvit based architecture and also influence how underground, and Airport Link rails had road where all the major offices, condominpeople travel, managing their routein and contributed to the transportation of many ium and high profile urban development overall life when in motion within the CANLliving in this great city. Nevertheless, the situate. The reinvention of these canal side O-CITY transit oriented district. population from all over the country migrate area will not only bring the local area back into Bangkok for more opportunity. Thereto the canal, but also invent new unseen fore, settlements and transportation needs programmatic approach to this forgotten will always be in significant demand. The mass transit option. ineffectiveness of these new emergence of public transportation come with each linear

1.1

Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 72


THE MISSING LINKS:

DISTANCE

TOTAL DISCONNECTED

EXISTING SOLUTION

INCOMPLETE district ASOKE is full of activities yet the connectivity of mass transit is still clearly lacking. The solution is to make ASOKE rely on motorcycle taxi.

Canal Topology of outer city . From The Mall Ramkamhang pier onwards to the outer city, most canal sections are typically wide and integrate more local program to the canal.

Canal Topology of inner city . Inner city canal section seems to be smaller, with each development having their backside turned towards the canal in an isolating gesture.

LOCK-SCAPE . Operation 1 . TERMINAL VELOCITY In the first assignment of the semester, the studio were asked to redesign & rethink the roles of the boat piers along San Saeb Canal. The traditional roles of pier or dock shall be questioned and challenged. The piers themselves should be rethought as to whether they are potent vehicles in redefining Bangkok’s urban landscape. This is an urban concept of ‘retrofitting’ – a process

which focuses on small scale architectural interventions that integrate systematically with the transportation infrastructure to produce an emergent sense of order; one that effects massive urban and social change. As such, the design ideas demand contextual reassessment. The new boat piers design cannot be proposed uncritically to the built environment as cohesive and whole, but rather as

an urban acupuncture intended as an act of regeneration. CANA-L-OCITY address the technical aspects of the pier design and the design of new boat docking systems, as well as adding a creative boat-waiting area, in order to propose a complete boat pier system forming a more complete district.

Fig 1.1 - EVERY-INCHES-HOUSE BIRD EYE PERSPECTIVE ON CANAL SIDE

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

73


WAITING SPACE FOR OUTDOOR ACTIVITY ACCOMMODATE PROGRAM

LOCKER(SCAPE) DISTRIBUTOR

ROUTE CHANGER

WORKING HOURS PROGRAM SHIFT

Routeing Changer . Locker-Scape The alternative lifestyle that city people will now have commuting this canal is that they can schedule their life better. The pier development can provide storage space and other daily required program before doing business in Asoke. This potentially allows the users to have a more unique program, avoiding rush hours and enjoying the canal-side activities.

Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 74


For example, Mr. A works at GMM in ASOKE. He usually finishes work at 6pm then go on a dinner date. He has his laptop and all other stuff. Usually, he would need to go back home to store these valuable items, but now he can go to his event straight after work by using the locker-scape. In addition, in the morning he can come and shower here, allowing him to leave early to avoid rush hour. These alternative shifts in daily routeing can potentially help mass transit system to be more efficient.

Traveling information . reasons Each pier have different capacity and program depending on its local context, this diagram shows the average circulation that to help understand the commuters’ use of this canal, and the overall movement along the canal interacting with ASOKE pier

Understanding traveling program People move to places in the city according to what they need. The inner city area provides more shopping malls, offices, and university, whereas the outskirts area provide more quite residential area. This project chooses to address Asoke area as it is the biggest by-pass pier in the middle of the canal, potentially having the influence to alter people’s daily route and how they commute.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

75


Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 76


LOCKER-SCAPE . new by-pass pier mechanics This Axonometric shows the operational space of the new Asoke pier. The upper deck is the Locker-scape, on top of a long canal side public park. This provides storage space with access from the exiting bridge and inviting new developments to have a new mindset of connecting open space to the canal.

1.25m 2.5m

5m

Section

10m

Scale 1:500

Connect from Canal The Canal operations such as the locker-scape is large in scale but able to reach and connect to the community. The section shows connection to the MRT and walk-able spaces towards other local areas.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

77


2.1 Fig 2.1 - Locker-scape and public park sidewalk perspective view . canal side

Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 78


2.2

2.3 Fig 2.2 - Sectional-perspective view of the Locker-scape near Asoke Pier . Fig 2.3 - Sectional-perspective view of the Locker-scape furthur down from Asoke Pier .

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

79


3.1

3.2

3.3

VOID-UNLOCKER . Operation 2 . The direction of San Saeb Canal, cutting through the city, creates a number of crucial intersections with other transportation systems, including thoroughfares, expressways, railroads, BTS and MRT. These systems, however, have not been efficiently connected with one another. Furthermore, plans to accommodate links from the canal to the BTS & MRT have not been realized. Despite this inconvenience, more than 550,000 Bangkokians per day still use the boats for

THE MISSING LINKS

traveling; in order to avoid heavy traffic congestion during rush hour. Operation II focuses on designing a more sufficient street connections from the boat piers to the BTS & MRT system by providing new strategies that accommodate various type of flows; blending in activities off the sidewalks into the vehicular roads and shop houses, partly merging the vehicular, pedestrian, and building interior spaces into uninterrupted zone. The current canal frontage hasn’t been

utilized to its full potential and only a small portion of it is active when the shops and restaurants nearby BTS & MRT are filled with customers. This project must find strategies to activate the public realm along these connections, from their boat piers to BTS & MRT systems, by changing the horizontal and vertical connections through urban-section strategic study of the city streets while remain the essence of ‘Thai street space’. The new linkage proposal would initiate a stunning

Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 80


3.4

3.5

3.6

feeling of the lively streets and sois, where the various type of flows lead to an existing urban fabric with precision & efficiency. This operation start to identify a street section or Soi network that create new linkages from their new boat piers, in operation I, to the nearest BTS or MRT station by proposing new sidewalk systems or elevated skywalk, filled with a variety of formal & informal urban programs such as street kiosks, shops, restaurants, and motorcycle taxi stands – a dynamic urban realm.

Fig 3.1 - Operational Axonometric drawing of void space market park emergence Fig 3.2 - Operational Axonometric drawing of continuous under bike path Fig 3.2 - Operational Axonometric drawing of bike storage and path extension Fig 3.4 - Perspective of void space market park emergence Fig 3.5 - Perspective of continuous under bike path Fig 3.6 - Perspective of bike storage and path extension

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

81


EVERY-INCHES-HOUSE . Operation 3 . CANA-L-OCITY TRANSIT-ORIENTED-URBAN-DESIGN . back to the canal . The final operation is to integrate a new kind of habitat into Bangkok’s urban fabric, based on a mixture of historical and contemporary typologies, such as canals, sois, roads and shop-houses; which together form a vibrant mix of modern infrastructure and historical communities. The hybrid-living solution shall be operated on various levels, bridging between future transportation infrastructure and the original urban fabric in which canals become an occupied field rather than a narrow link. As a result, San Saeb Canal would re-discover itself as an active canal that was once the fragment of a former unified network, the spine for transportation and for community settlement. As a modern city where BTS, roads and malls have been developed, the canal will

re-appear as a re-generation of the new density which enhances its social centrality and its function as a means of transportation and exchange. The canal-front living will become a new trend of modern lifestyle; connected to speedy transportations. ‘Velocity + New Density’ creates a new hybrid habitat & commerce of the canal ecology while positing “triggers” for the growth and diversification of the local economy. Together these elements overlap at points where they start to bind the city together, minimizing separation economically and spatially, through lifestyle and transit. This new urban settlement is called ‘CAN-AL-OCITY’. As a new urban-living quarter with unique densities that integrate to the boat pier in Operation I, and become part of the

logistic connection in Operation II, Operation III gives a new definition to ‘Transit Oriented Developments (TOD)” model by adding a unique ‘Siamese Water-Bourne’ identity, combined with affordable and high-end housings. With new construction technology, the living units can be integrated to the existing canal-crossing bridges or cantilevered from the existing shop house or warehouses. This new compact ‘canal-front’ settlement offers various activities; attracting distinct urban dwellers. Offering a sustainable urban lifestyle by questioning the current Condo-by-the-BTS model, CAN-AL-OCITY responds to the current needs for affordable housing in the city with a unique and exciting lifestyle.

Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 82


architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

83


Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 84


EVERY-INCHES-HOUSES COMPONENT Shop-houses on Steroid

Unique shop-houses plug-in These kind of shop-houses are very unique and exist only on some specific areas of Asoke surrounding the pier, mainly built for its original function. The new plug-in enhances its capability, adding potential function that can create business or connect to new or existing developments as one public space system.

Traditional shop-house plug-in and mass housing One of the main aim of EVERY-INCHES-HOUSES is to encourage development to reconsider existing structure rather than only building new large skyscraper. The maximisation of existing architectural space and its function per inch is also capable of supplying efficient space and activities for the growing city. The existing layout also allow, the minimum adjustments, to create a continuous cover space of shop-house network to accommodate the mass transit system as its connection

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

85


Low-rise Additional Space Original two story back-to-back shophouse’s void-space is injected with additional corridor and extra room.

MRT to Airport Link Transfer The inner part of the shop-house cluster is enclosed to form an air-conditioned connecting path and retails.

Low-rise retail with room The old shop-house is transformed so that the ground is open for retail next to the train rail, storage room on top.

Apartment . Hotel Connection The shop-house cluster is then enclosed to form a front entrance for larger developments, keeping the envelope to look like original Asoke.

Canal-Based Development Variation of plug-ins with various functions on these canal side shop-houses, forming retail and residential district, with large sharing potential of interior public space as one interior corridor.

University Shop-house Traditional canal-side shop-houses with large waste-space is filled with convenience plug-in components to accommodate students and retail.

Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 86


Clear functional Zone . variation of plug-in set Each area was analysed and identified into several shop-house categories. Each category is then added with several types of plug-in components to fulfil the space potential through additional function, additional enclosure, partitioning, and manipulating its program.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

87


N

12.5m 25m

50m

EVERY-INCHES-HOUSE Master Plan 100m

Scale 1:5000

Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 88


. CANAL-REVIVAL HOSTEL MORE SPACE FOR HOSTEL ON THE UPPER-FLOOR AS AIRBNB STYLE AND RETAIL ON GROUND FLOOR PROVIDE A WATER-BASED MARKET BY RESTORING THE OLD WATER COMMUNITY NEXT TO THE MAIN CANAL .

. OPERATION 2 - THE MISSING LINKS STORAGE FOR BIKES AS VEHICLE LOCKERS AND ADDITIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE THAT UTILISE THE AWKWARD ABANDON SPACE OF ASOKE TOWARD A MORE COMPLETE DISTRICT .

. A SHELTER TO A LINEAR WALK SHELTER SPACES BETWEEN SHOP-HOUSES SERVING AS A N INDOOR CONNECTION FROM MRT TO AIRPORT-LINK, IN ADDITION TO THE EXTENDED RETAIL SPACES AND START-UP WORKING SPACES .

. HOTEL/CONDOMINIUM INTEGRATION PREPARING FOR CONNECTION OF OLD SHOP-HOUSES TO INCOMING DEVELOPMENTS, CONSERVING THE OLD BY MAKING THEM STYLISH AND COMPLIMENTING THE NEW DEVELOPMENT, ENCOURAGING MORE ARCHITECTURAL CONSERVATION .

. OPERATION 1 - LOCKERSCAPE GAME-CHANGING DEVELOPMENT USING LARGE LOCKER STRUCTURE FOR PEOPLE TO STORE ITEMS SUPPORTING THE SMALLER ROOMS STYLE OF LIVING IN THE CITY. PROVIDE SHOWER AND FOOD AT THE START AND END OF THE DAY. CHANGING DAILY LIFE SEQUENCES PROVIDING MORE ALTERNATIVE ROUTINE TOWARDS EFFICIENT TRAVELING FROM ALL AREA .

. CANAL-SIDE CAFE-OFFICES COMMERCIALISED TRADITIONAL COMMON SHOP-HOUSES TO ENCOURAGE ACTIVITIES LOCALLY AND FOR PEOPLE TRAVELING USING CANALS. ACT AS BANGKOK CANAL CENTRE .

. CONTAINER-STORAGE-HOSTEL HOSTEL AND STORAGE FOR TOURIST DURING FLIGHT DELAYS AND SHORT-TERM STAY. CLOSE ACCESS TO THE CITY CENTRE AND DIRECT JOURNEY TO THE AIRPORT .

. ASOKE PIER . CANA-L-OCITY THE NEW CENTRE POINT OF THIS DISTRICT, REVERTING DEVELOPMENTS BACK TO THE CANAL. MERGING OPERATION 1 [LOCKER-SCAPE] ADDED OPERATION 2 [MISSING LINKS] INTEGRATED TO CREATE A NEW CANAL-BASED DISTRICT BY OPERATION 3 [EVERY-INCHES-HOUSE] .

. STUDENT DORMITORY EMERGENCE HOUSING ON EXISTING STRUCTURE INSTEAD OF EVER-GROWING CHUNK OF COMMERCIAL BUILDING THAT IS LESS SPACE-EFFICIENT

. RESIDENTIAL STACKING ADDITIONAL LAYER OF ROOMS AND CORRIDOR TO THE EXISTING AGING SHOP-HOUSES STRUCTURE

. SPORT FACILITY MADE FROM UNFINISHED BUILDINGS FROM THE FINANCIAL CRISIS TO FORM ACTIVITY CENTRE FOR LOCALS AND PEOPLE TRAVELING USING VARIOUS MASS TRANSIT .

Transit Oriented District . Complete connectivity The network of shop-houses with various plug-ins and function performing together as one large district. This also connects the sansab canal to the development spanning over Asoke, connecting MRT, BTS, Airport Links , and local trains along the way.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

89


1.25m

5m

2.5m

1.25m

5m

2.5m

1.25m 2.5m

Section 1 10m

Scale 1:500

Section 2 10m

5m

Scale 1:500

Section 3 10m

Scale 1:500

Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 90


1.25m

5m

2.5m

1.25m

5m

2.5m

1.25m 2.5m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

Section 4 10m

Scale 1:500

Section 5 10m

5m

Scale 1:500

Section 6 10m

Scale 1:500

91


4.1

4.2

4.3 Fig 4.1 - Bird-eye perspective of lower canal zone . Fig 4.2 - Perspective view of lower canal zone . canal view . Fig 4.3 - Perspective view of lower canal zone . shop-house view .

Every-Inches-Houses . CANA-L-OCITY . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University . 92


4.4

4.5

4.6 Fig 4.4 - Bird-eye perspective of upper canal zone . Fig 4.5 - Perspective view of upper canal zone . mass transit connection . Fig 4.6 - Perspective view of upper canal zone . shop-house void space turned into by-pass hall connections of mass transits .

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

93


Canadian high commission building . Embassy Building Archetype . High security with ergonomic work environment . Exchange Studio . Graduation Studio / Distinction / . University of Canberra, Australia . Tutor . Catherine Townsend

The Canadian High Commission building in Canberra will be the latest addition to the embassy district next to the Commonwealth Avenue in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory. The old building is an old classic brick house that requires demolition as the space it offers has become too small and cannot serve all the functions required. The challenging aspects of this project was to set the security standard, operation efficiency, and the residential area. All of these have to be located within the steep slope with more than 6 metres height different from the front to the back of the land. The main priority for designing an embassy is security and its operational hierarchy. The people from the High Commission of Canada provides a complete list of standardised functions and operational hierarchy at the start of the project which all design decisions work towards. This ensure that the visitor will

have limited but efficient access within the building. Workers would be able to operate in a controlled area while their individual accessibility can be determined by a high ranking officer. The management and high commission will also need to have efficient workspace as well as extremely secure offices, and storage for sensitive and classified documents with regards to national security. This is always a complex but exciting task for architectural design. All existing embassy buildings in the area are a collection of small houses within a large garden landscape. The issue was that they were not providing efficient space and expansion potential for the modern world. In addition, having large unused area means further security risks. The new Canadian High Commission building would reverse this ideology by providing a large architecture with a courtyard in the middle to help with

keeping security and interaction within the workplace. A well planed landscape also further promotes fewer blind spots for the on-site security team. Nevertheless, the new building would also be required to hold several social events and exhibit Canadian identity to the outside world. This was done via a large display plane parallel to the Commonwealth Avenue and a courtyard for internal and external events. These areas are within or surrounded by the building itself to create openness with optimal security. The design also aims to utilise the landscape offered by the beautiful city of Canberra. The slope varies throughout the site. This creates the possibility to design using variations in height of the land to help create the sense of security and privacy.

Fig 1.1 - Perspective of the new Canadian High Commission building from Forester Crescent .

1.1

Canadian High Commission Building . Exchange Studio . University of Canberra .

94


architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

95


Canadian High Commission Building . Exchange Studio . University of Canberra .

96


architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

97


section6

2.2 2.1

section3

2.3

section5

1

1.

section2

Interaction with important roads and landmarks of Canberra

section4 section1

N

3.125m

The building’s large living space and its transparent plane on the north of the building is designed in parallel with the Commonwealth Avenue as a gesture that is willing to display the Canadian identity to the outside, providing large panoramic view of this significant road towards to parliament house. The sunken landscape design also helps hide the secure part of the building from outside the site, as well as keeping the residential area for workers’ privacy.

Canadian High Commission Building . Exchange Studio . University of Canberra .

6.25m

12.5m

Site Plan 25m

Scale 1:1250

98


N

0.75m 1.5m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

3m

Ground Floor Plan 6m

Scale 1:300

99


N

0.75m

3m

1.5m

Canadian High Commission Building . Exchange Studio . University of Canberra .

Second Floor Plan 6m

Scale 1:300

100


N

0.75m 1.5m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

3m

Third Floor Plan 6m

Scale 1:300

101


MATERIAL OF LANDSCAPE DESIGN 1. GLASS FIELD 2. CONCRETE (ROAD TRAFFIC) 3. CONCRETE (PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC) 4. WATER 5. FLOOR TILE TYPE 1

OFFICER + RESIDENT KEYCARD VISITOR ENTRANCE CAR WITH KEYCARD MAIN ENTRANCE (PEDESTRIAN + CARS + SERVICES) OFFICER WITH KEYCARD RESIDENT WITH KEYCARD

6. FLOOR TILE TYPE 2 7. PLANTATION BUILD-UP SOIL LAYER TYPE 1 (SMALL) 8. PLANTATION BUILD-UP SOIL LAYER TYPE 2 (MEDIUM) 9. PLANTATION BUILD-UP SOIL LAYER TYPE 3 (LARGE)

N

1.875m

7.5m

3.75m

Landscape site plan 15m

Scale 1:750

Landscape that helps architecture security The entrance sequence for visitors and people living in this building was designed in a way that isolates circulation and the accessibility by zoning with key-cards. In addition, the residential area and most of corridors of the building were visible from the security points.

Canadian High Commission Building . Exchange Studio . University of Canberra .

102


2.1

2.2

2.3 Fig 2.1 - perspective of courtyard space from the inside of the building . Fig 2.2 - perspective of the building from the small residential building . Fig 2.3 - perspective of the entrances to the building for visitors .

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

103


Canadian High Commission Building . Exchange Studio . University of Canberra .

104


0.5m

2m

1m

0.5m

2m

1m

0.5m 1m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

Section 1 4m

Scale 1:200

Section 2 4m

2m

Scale 1:200

Section 3 4m

Scale 1:200

105


Canadian High Commission Building . Exchange Studio . University of Canberra .

106


0.5m

2m

1m

0.5m

2m

1m

0.5m 1m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

Section 4 4m

Scale 1:200

Section 5 4m

2m

Scale 1:200

Section 6 4m

Scale 1:200

107


ASEAN Culture Centre . Architecture for Emergence South-East Asian Culture Centre . Developing Local Identity with ASEAN unconscious collection of emergence 3rd Year Architectural Design Studio . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok . Tutor . Hans-Henrik Rasmussen

ASEAN Culture Centre is a speculative proposal project, short-listed for a design competition as the final three finalist projects from Thailand to compete in Shinjizen Prize, Japan, with all ASEAN young architecture students participating. The site in Bangkok is an abandon land next to Chaophraya River, surrounded by a local temple and BTS Saphan Thaksin. This site more than 200 metres long in length, and has the luxury of being next to the main road and a major pier on the other side. The pier also enables this piece of land to be very commutable from all locations of the Chaophraya River, as well as being close to the private boat specifically provided to one of the most popular community mall, the Asiatique. The Culture Centre was designed to be ta reflecting platform of ASEAN culture. The conceptual framework also directly refers to the state of being and coming to be of the ASEAN community in a literal and philo-

sophical sense. The ASEAN cities: Bandar Seri Begawan, Phnom Penh, Jakarta, Vientiane, Kuala Lumpur, Naypyidaw, Manila, Singapore, Hanoi and Bangkok, each have a very unique identity. Therefore, it is not possible to clearly identify the major overlapping identities across these cultures. This project requires a reflection on the identity of all ASEAN countries, therefore the project plays with the idea of a bottom-up transformation of the city, by the people. These bottom-up transformations of the city itself can be described as urban emergence. This emergence is unpredictable, exciting and can produce a very unique city scene. This is happening in city in the world, nevertheless, ASEAN countries that are currently developing can still be furthur developed and create more creative emergence than a country that has already evolve to its final form. For example, Singapore city is very different to how it was as a small island a

few years earlier. Therefore, these transformations of space by people is significant in the ASEAN way of living. The architecture for this culture centre is designed to be a shell for this emergence action. The landscape and architecture in this project is seamlessly synchronised. The core essential space is weaves into a large fluid landscape, efficiently providing functional space to serve as a proper culture centre. The other parts of the site is used as a shell for local emergence. The landscape provides different qualities of space, some are different shaped shelters, cantilevers, a sunken hall, seating and some unique forms. These can accommodate many activities according to local creativity such as retail, performance, street food, public exibition, showcases, a waiting area and all other possibilities that can be fitted into this landscape of emergence.

Fig 1.1 - ASEAN Culture Center bird-eye view from the Chaophraya River .

1.1

ASEAN Culture Centre . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

108


URBAN DEVELOPMENT

“EMERGENCE” AS AN ASEAN CHARACTERISTIC

CULTURE HERITAGE

THIS PROCESS DEFINE AS CULTURE

CREATIVITY LIFESTYLE

CITY VOID

INTELLIGENCE

TRADITION

IDEAS

PERCEPTION

EMERGENCE AS CULTURE

BOTTOM-UP TRANSFORMATION OF SPACE

CORE S PACE CORE SPACE

CORE S PACE

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

This collage shows how through the ‘city void’ space, emergence of activities and programs can emerge to full-fill the cultural space.

Shell for Emergence The core programs such as the exhibition hall and the auditorium are in a regular arrangement but weaves around with the unique landscape as a shell to promote the emergence.

109


FORM FINDING PROCESS - EMERGENCE SHELL The programmatic arrangement of core space helps to design the void space left and manages the way emergence spaces can be included.

TO CBD

FROM SCHOOL TO PIERS EXPERIENCING EMERGENCE

BIKE ALONG RIVER PATH

The unpredictable programs that will be located in the void space /emergence shell/ are unpredictable therefore the experience going from one entrance to another exit will always be unique.

ASEAN Culture Centre . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

110


LAYER 1: CULTURE CENTER ACTIVITIES

TEMPORARY EXHIBITION

READING SPACE

RETAIL SPACE

RESTAURANTS

the / required / program . for / culture-center / .

LAYER 2: ROUTE INFLUENCES EMERGENCE

BIKING PATH

URBAN FARMING

PUBLIC GREEN SPACE

CONCERT SPACE

RELIGIOUS ACTIVITY

TRANSPORT CENTER

the / route-changing / program . from / local-thai / culture .

LAYER 3: PERCEPTION INFLUENCES EMERGENCE

MEDIA PROJECTION

ART SPACE

STREET PERFORMANCE

STREET FOOD

NIGHTCLUB

MOBLIE VENDOR

the / perception-changing / program . from / ASEAN /culture . EMERGENCE DESIGN . CONTROL THE CHAOS The void spaces left between the core spaces will be the shell for emergences. Observing the type of local emergences in the local area, we can identify several types of emergence and categorise them into several layers depending on their influence and characteristics. The emergence planning is roughly gives an idea of what can happen in these emergence shell if opened to the local public, and can be controlled without interrupting its core program. This emergence creation scheme helps this project to achieve local interest and induces the lifestyle of the locals into the architecture, an ASEAN lifestyle.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

111


sectio

n2

2.3

2.2

section1

1.1

section4

ASEAN Culture Centre . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

112


SPACE FUNCTION 1. TEMPORARY EXHIBITION 2. PERMANENT EXHIBITION 3. AUDITORIUM 4. LARGE CONFERENCE ROOM 5. SMALL CONFERENCE ROOM 6. LIBRARY AND RESEARCH CENTER 7. PUBLIC SPACE 8. TOILET 9. LOCKER ROOM 10. MECHANICAL ROOM AND STORAGE 11. PIER

N

1.875m

7.5m

3.75m

Under Ground plan 15m

Scale 1:750

SPACE FUNCTION 1. TEMPORARY EXHIBITION 2. PERMANENT EXHIBITION 3. AUDITORIUM 4. BIKE PARKING 5. PUBLIC PARK 6. MAIN ADMINISTRATION 7. 10 ASEAN ADMINISTRATION 8. PIER

section3

N

1.875m 3.75m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

7.5m

Ground Level plan 15m

Scale 1:750

113


ASEAN Culture Centre . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

114


SPACE FUNCTION 1. EXTENDED PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE CONNECTION 2. FOOD VENDORS 3. DINING SPACE 4. SEATING AREA 5. TEMPORARY PERFORMANCE AREA

1

2.

N

1.875m

7.5m

3.75m

1.875m

7.5m

3.75m

1.875m 3.75m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

Upper Level plan 15m

Scale 1:750

Side elevation 15m

7.5m

Scale 1:750

Front elevation 15m

Scale 1:750

115


1.5m

6m

3m

1.5m

Section 3 12m

6m

3m

ASEAN Culture Centre . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

Scale 1:600

Section 4 12m

Scale 1:600

116


1.5m

6m

3m

1.5m 3m

Taksin Pier . Crossing Pier .

Section 1 12m

6m

Scale 1:600

Section 2 12m

Scale 1:600

Charoen-Krung Road .

Long-side entrances . road to water . mass transit to water . The advantage of this project is that it is mostly an open space with a weaving structure. Therefore, entrances can connect to basically everything via this project, mainly from the pier on the west side, from the main road on the east, and from the BTS sky-train on the north.

BTS . Taksin Pier . Crossing Pier .

Local Temple . Asiatique Mall .

Extended river-side park The river-side area is not utilised. This projected shell of Emergence extends the pier to the local community such as the cycle path to the nearby pier, temple, offices, condominium, and Asiatique river-front community mall.

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

117


2.1

2.2

2.3

ASEAN Culture Centre . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

118


AUDITORIUM + EMERGENCE

INFORMATION RING (LED INFO BOARD)

ENTRANCE TO LOOP PERCEPTION + DIRECTION SHIFT MASS CONNECTION

MEGA VOID EXHIBITION SPACE

BIKE SIDEWALKS DIRECT PIER ROUTE BIKE ROUTE REPEATED LOOP / EXIT

RESPONSE TO EMERGENCE

TRANSPORTATION VOID EMERGENCE

CITY VOID EMERGENCE MASS CONNECTION

Different User . Different Time . Different Path . Different Experience The design of the emergence shell, which is the majority of the project area providing an exciting yet unforeseeable organisation of space. The position of the emergence program can be changing constantly in the same wavelength as the local community. For example, Mr. A wants to travel from the BTS entrance to the Asiatique pier, walking past the culture centre. On Monday, he may encounter a very talented street artist, mouthwatering street food and enjoy a nice seating space by the river. On Tuesday, he might come later at night, seeing local bars, pop-up stores, a night market and goes to the main culture centre’s auditorium for a music concert. This suggests the level of emerging possibilities that is ever-changing in relation to the user experience of this ‘Shell of Emergence‘

Fig 2.1 - Perspective of ASEAN Culture Centre from upper landscape . Fig 2.2 - Perspective of ASEAN Culture Centre from ground level . outwards to the pier . Fig 2.3 - Perspective of ASEAN Culture Centre from ground level . inwards to the exhibition space .

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

119


DORM-I-CITY

Very-Local Urbanised Dormitory . Lardkrabang Student Apartment with a traditional essence . 3rd Year Architectural Design Studio . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok . Tutor . Prisdha Jumsai Na Ayuthaya

Dorm-i-city is a very local dormitory development that aims to provide an answer to how an urbanising area should be developed. The rapid rise in the number of people traveling to study in the city introduced investors to quickly fund high rise developments without truly considering the context of the living space. This project will reconsider the methodology in which massive architecture, for accommodation, should have the responsibility to give something back to the local community, rather than merely imposing a big chunk of concrete that does not enhance the community. The design of Dorm-i-city aims to put the community first, working with them while also achieving the number of rooms and quality of life needed

for developer. The interesting nature of people of Lardkrabang is that they have a very unique lifestyle that is dependent on the vegetation and plantation system. Every household seems to have a very specific expertise in various kinds of plants. The land is very close to the new Suvannabhumi Airport, and there suffers from various problems including noise pollution, air pollution, and soil subsidising. The damage from these problems was reduced due to the local knowledge of ‘functional plantation’. Trees that are carefully planted in a particular manner can have many benefits such as soil solidification, provide shelter, neutralise the

air, shelter from the noise or even provide extra food supply. Hence, the local lifestyle is improved due to the local knowledge of these functional plant. Dorm-i-city is creating a showcase scenario in which new architecture accommodates and exhibits these local intuitive use of plantation. The architecture itself provides a void for these functional plantations to fulfil and achieve a unique function that feels more local than any man-made intervention. The project aims to show the residence the benefits of these knowledge in real practise. In addition, the space also showcases this traditional way of living to all visitors.

Fig 1.1 - perspective view of Dorm-i-city . front street view .

1.1

Dorm.i.city . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

120


architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

121


Transforming potential The quality of the soil is considered to be very poor to build on, as it has very low capability to hold water. The rise in water level within the site will result in flooding. The soil is not ideal to build on, as there are several spots where the land level drops, causing damage to buildings.

GARDENING PLANS AND PLANTATION SYSTEM CONCEPTUAL DORMITORY SYSTEM AND ECOLOGY

Dorm.i.city . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

122


FORM FINDING PROCESS . ADAPTIVE VOID FOR PLANTATION TREES AS A SOLUTION . ARCHITECTURE AS A CATALYST

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

123


Space function: 1. Public Coridor 2. Private Resident 3. Market Area 4. Nature Learning Centre 5. Room for Waste 6. Control Room 7. Crop Growing Areas

2.3

Fifth floor plan Scale 1:750

Space function: 1. Private Coridor 2. Private Resident 3. Public Library 4. Nature Learning Centre 5. Room for Waste 6. Control Room

Forth floor plan Scale 1:750

Space function:

1

2.

1. Private Coridor 2. Private Resident 3. Public Library 4. Nature Learning Centre 5. Room for Waste 6. Control Room

Third floor plan Scale 1:750

Space function: 1. Reception 2. Public Park 3. Public Library 4. Nature Learning Centre

Second floor plan

Scale 1:750

N

1.875m 3.75m

Dorm.i.city . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

7.5m 15m

124


elevation2

2.2

elevation3

section1

section2 1.1

section4

section3

elevation1 Space function: 1. Bicycle Parking 2. Plantation 3. Public Library 4. Nature Learning Centre 5. Public Park 6. Car Parking 7. Storage Area N

1.875m 3.75m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

7.5m

Ground floor plan 15m

Scale 1:750

125


1.25m 2.5m

Dorm.i.city . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

5m

Section 3 10m

Scale 1:500

126


1.25m

5m

2.5m

1.25m

5m

2.5m

1.25m 2.5m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

Section 1 10m

Scale 1:500

Section 2 10m

5m

Scale 1:500

Section 4 10m

Scale 1:500

127


Dorm.i.city . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

128


1.25m

5m

2.5m

1.25m

5m

2.5m

1.25m 2.5m

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

Elevation 1 10m

Scale 1:500

Elevation 2 10m

5m

Scale 1:500

Elevation 3 10m

Scale 1:500

129


2.1

2.2

2.3

Dorm.i.city . International Program in Design and Architecture . Chulalongkorn University

130


3.1

3.2

3.3

Fig 2.1 - perspective view of the courtyard space on the 3rd floor . Fig 2.2 - perspective view of ground floor public space . Fig 2.3 - perspective view of open space on the Rooftop . Fig 3.1 - 3.3 - DORM-I-CITY architectural model made by mdf and balsa wood .

architectural design . interior design . urban design . architectural research .

131


Supanut Bunjaratravee - 2016 - Architecture Portfolio  
Advertisement
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you