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HISTORICAL VISIT OF HON’BLE

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah scanning the 'SBI Buddy' code before entering the Sulabh Community Toilet Complex

In General Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council

Sulabh Gram, Palam Dabri Road, New Delhi - 110 045 Tel. Nos. : 91-11-25031518, 25031519; Fax Nos : 91-11-25034014, 91-11-25055952 E-mail: info@sulabhinternational.org, sulabhinfo@gmail.com Website: www.sulabhinternational.org, www.sulabhtoiletmuseum.org

SHRI AMIT SHAH

SULABH INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SERVICE ORGANISATION

www.xtremeonline.in #9311156526

lqyHk 'kkSpky;&ifjlj esa ekuuh; Hkktik jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg th ^,lchvkbZ cMh* ds ,i ds dksM dks LdSu djrs gq,

HISTORICAL VISIT OF

HON’BLE

SHRI AMIT SHAH

NATIONAL PRESIDENT, Bharatiya Janata Party AT THE SULABH GRAM ON DECEMBER 20, 2016


I met a great man. A man with a great soul, great thought and great ideology. A man who is influenced and inspired by Gandhi and Deen Dayal Upadhyay. He thinks if Dalits have the talents, they should get the highest place in society. I totally agree with Shri Amit Shah ji, as I have been thinking and working on the same line for the last five decades. Above all, both of us dearly love our mothers and faithfully follow what our mothers had taught us. Moreover, we also share a common passion for khadi clothes, as khadi happens to be a great economic support for the poor. — Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak


Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k

Jh vfer 'kkg th dk vfHkHkk"k.k

ea

p ij mifLFkr MkW- foUns'oj ikBd th] vknj.kh;k ekuw ?kks"k th] Jherh veksyk ikBd th] Jh lehjsaæ pVthZ th] Jherh m"kk pkSeM+ th vkSj bl ifo=k dk;Z eas tqM+s gq, ns'kHkj ls vk, gq, I;kjs Hkkb;ks vkSj cguks!

vkt eSa ,slh txg ij [kM+k jgdj vki lcls ckr dj jgk gw¡] tgk¡ iwjh l`f"V eas lcls ifo=k dke esa tqM+s gq, yksx gaS] eSa ,slh laLFkk esa [kM+k jgdj ckr dj jgk gw¡] tks nqfu;k ds lcls ikou dk;Z esa yxh gqbZ gSA ns[kus rhu izdkj ds vkanksyu gksrs gaSµigyk eas rks ;g dk;ZØe cgqr NksVk fn[k jgk gSA ge fliQZ 500&600 èkkfeZd vkanksyu gksrs gaS] nwljk yksx gh ;gk¡ ij gSa] ikBd th us tks ,d cM+h nqfu;k [kM+h dh gS] mldks ns[k jgs gSa] lqu jgs gaS] le> jgs gaS_ exj ;s dke tks gS] jktuhfrd vkanksyu gksrs gaS vkSj oks dke vius&vkiesa fojkV~ gS vkSj eSa ekurk gw¡ fd bl dke dks rhljk oSpkfjd vkanksyu gksrs gaSA cgqr lky igys lekIr gks tkuk pkfg, FkkA

èkkfeZd vkanksyu ds vanj O;fDr;ksa dh Hkkoukvksa dks lkFk esa ysdj vkxs c<+uk gksrk gS( jktuhfrd vkanksyu esa ,d y{; gksrk gS] ogka y{; dks lkeus j[kdj vkxs c<+uk gksrk gS] exj tc dksbZ O;fDr ,d fopkj dks ysdj vkanksyu pykrk gS rks mldk y{; bruk ljy ugha gksrk] cgqr lkjh dfBukb;k¡ gksrh gaS] D;ksafd ;gk¡ ikuk dqN ugha gS

yxHkx 1968 ls ikBd th us vkanksyu 'kq: fd;k gksxk---* 68 dks gh vxj eku ysa rks vktknh ds 20 lky ckn fdlh dks oSpkfjd vkanksyu 'kq: djuk iM+k fd bl ns'k esa 'kkSpky; dh O;oLFkk lcds fy, gksA eSa lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ gw¡] jktuhfrd dk;ZdrkZ gw¡] foifÙk;ksa ls vkSj foMacukvksa ls ?kcjkusokyk O;fDr ugha gw¡] cfYd mlds lkeus O;fDr ds ukrs] laLFkk ds ukrs] lekt ds ukrs] yM+kbZ djuh pkfg,] ,sls ewy dk dk;ZdrkZ gw¡A ;g tks LoPNrk dk fopkj&vkanksyu lqyHk baVjus'kuy us pyk;k gS] vkt fn[k jgk gS fd ;g vkanksyu liQy jgk gSA

rhu izdkj ds vkanksyu gksrs gaSµigyk èkkfeZd vkanksyu gksrs gaS] nwljk jktuhfrd vkanksyu gksrs gaS vkSj rhljk oSpkfjd vkanksyu gksrs gaSA èkkfeZd vkanksyu ds vanj O;fDr;ksa dh Hkkoukvksa dks lkFk esa ysdj vkxs c<+uk gksrk gS_ jktuhfrd vkanksyu esa ,d y{; gksrk gS] ogka y{; dks lkeus j[kdj vkxs c<+uk gksrk gS] exj tc dksbZ O;fDr ,d fopkj dks ysdj vkanksyu pykrk gS rks mldk y{; bruk ljy ugha gksrk] cgqr lkjh dfBukb;k¡ gksrh gaS] D;ksafd ;gk¡ ikuk dqN ugha gSA mlesa fliQZ nsuk gh nsuk gS] bl izdkj ls fopkj&vkanksyu gksrk gSA vkSj blhfy, eSa eu ls esjh vksj ls] esjh

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^'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k* vkSj ^'kkSpky; ds mi;ksx ds laLdkj dk vkanksyu* Hkh vkrk gSA bl ns'k dks [kqys esa 'kkSp ds vfHk'kki ls eqDr djkus] flj ij eSyk <ksus ds ?k`.kkLin O;olk; ls gjsd ukxfjd dks eqDr dj nsuk tSlk cgqr cM+k vfHk;ku Hkkjr&ljdkj us vius gkFk esa fy;k gS

lexz ikVhZ dh vksj ls Jheku~ ikBd th dks ân; ls lkèkqokn nsuk pkgrk gw¡ fd mUgksaus bl dke dks vius thou dk ea=k cuk;kA xkaèkh th us vktknh ds vkanksyu ls tqM+us ds lkFk gh] xks[kys th ds vfHkizk; ds vkèkkj ij iwjs ns'k esas ?kweuk vkSj mls le>uk 'kq: fd;kA vkSj og fcYdqy lgh FkkA vxj xkaèkh th dk Hkkjr&Hkze.k nf{k.k vfizQdk ls okfil vkus ds ckn u gqvk gksrk] vkSj bruh ewyHkwr phtksa dks idM+k u gksrk rks vktknh Hkh ugha feyh gksrhA d'ehj ls dU;kdqekjh vkSj xqtjkr ls dke:i (vle) rd iQSys gq, bl fojkV~ ns'k dks xkaèkh th us iwjs èkS;Z ds lkFk ?kwedj ns[kkA ns'k dh leL;kvksa dks le>k Fkk vkSj ckn esa vktknh ds vkanksyu ds lkFk&lkFk vusd izdkj ds ,sls fopkjkas dks xkaèkh th vius deZ ds ekè;e ls lans'k cukdj NksM+ x,] rkfd vkusokyh lfn;ksa rd fganqLrku dk mRFkku gksrk jgsA mleas ls ,d fopkj Fkk ^LoPNrk*A pkgs lknxh dh ckr gks] pkgs Hkkjrh;rk dh ckr gks] pkgs [kknh dh ckr gks] pkgs LoPNrk dh ckr gksµbu lkjh phtksa dk vktknh ds vkanksyu ls dksbZ ysuk&nsuk ugha FkkA exj xkaèkh th dk y{; fliQZ vktknh ugha Fkk] Hkkjr ns'k cgqr vkxs vk,] gekjs lkjs nw"k.kksa dks ,d&,d dj ge ihNs NksM+rs tk,¡] blls eqDr gks tk,¡] ;s Hkh xka/h th dk y{; FkkA blhfy, LoPNrk dks mUgksaus vge eqn~nk cuk;kA vkSj fe=kks! nqHkkZX; dh ckr gS fd vktknh ds brus lkyksa ds ckn Hkh LoPNrk ds laLdkj flafpr djus ds fy, fdlh dks vkxs vkuk iM+rk gSA 'kkSpky; dk izpkj&izlkj vkSj 'kkSpky; cuus ds ckn mlds mi;ksx dh vknr yxkus ds fy, Hkh vfHk;ku pykuk iM+rk gSA 'kkSpky; cu x;k gS_ exj tks O;fDr iwjk thou] 50&60 lky ls 'kkSp djus dh ,slh vknr Mkys gq, gS fd mldh vknr Hkh cnyuk vius&vkiesa cgqr cM+h ckr gS] blds fy, Hkh vfHk;ku pykuk iM+rk gSA tc ujsUæ HkkbZ izèkkuea=kh cus] rc ns'k ds lkeus cgqr lkjh leL;k,¡ Fkha vkSj rRdky fn[kusokyh leL;k,¡ FkhaA dksbZ eg¡xkbZ dh ckr djrk Fkk] dksbZ lhekvkas dh lqj{kk dh ckr djrk Fkk] dksbZ efgykvksa dh lqj{kk dh ckr djrk Fkk] dksbZ uhps fxjrs gq, th-Mh-ih- dh rks dksbZ fodkl&nj ds fxjrs xzkiQ dh ckr djrk Fkk] dksbZ csjkstxkjh dh ckr djrk Fkk] dksbZ gj ?kj esa fctyh igq¡pkus dh ckr djrk Fkkµcgqr lkjh leL;k,¡ ml oDr pquko dk eqn~nk cuh Fkha] exj ,slh Hkh leL;k,¡ Fkha] tks fn[kkbZ ugha iM+rh FkhaA vkSj ujsUæ HkkbZ us fn[kkbZ iM+usokyh leL;kvksa dks rks c[kwch le>kA exj igyh ckj bl ns'k ds izèkkuea=kh us ykyfdys ds izkphj ls 'kkSpky; dk mYys[k dj iwjs ns'k dks ,d ,slh leL;k ij lkspus dh fn'kk eas etcwj dj fn;k fd vxj ge bl ij ugha lksprs gSa rks lekt ds ukrs ge viw.kZ gaSA vkSj fe=kks] eSa ekurk gw¡ fd igys dh ljdkjksa us vxj bl dke dks tu&vkanksyu cuk;k gksrk rks vkt ;g leL;k gksrh gh ughaA blesa eSa fdlh dk nks"k ugha fudkyuk pkgrk] ;s dksbZ jktuhfrd eap Hkh ugha gSA ujsUæ HkkbZ us lekt dh ,slh leL;kvksa dh rjiQ è;ku fn;kA fliQZ ljdkj ,slh leL;kvksa dk fuokj.k djs] fliQZ ljdkj blds fuokj.k ds fy, iz;kl djs] ljdkjh ;kstukvksa ls gh buds funku dk iz;kl gks] mldh txg lekt dh leL;kvksa dk fuokj.k lekt dks lkFk ysdj djus dk ujsUæ HkkbZ us ,d u;k jkLrk fudkykA mlh esa ls ^csVh cpkvks] csVh i<+kvks* vkrk gSA mlesa ls gh ^uekfe xaxs* vkrk gSA mleas ls gh ^'kkSpky; fuekZ.k* vkSj ^'kkSpky; ds mi;ksx ds laLdkj dk vkanksyu* Hkh vkrk gSA bl ns'k dks [kqys esa 'kkSp ds vfHk'kki ls eqDr djkus] flj ij eSyk <ksus ds ?k`.kkLin O;olk; ls gjsd ukxfjd dks eqDr dj nsuk tSlk cgqr cM+k vfHk;ku Hkkjr&ljdkj us vius gkFk esa fy;k gSA fe=kks] eSa ekurk gw¡ fd ns'k esa ftrus Hkh dke gaS gekjs lkeus] mleas VkWi ekWLV izkb;kWfjVh dk vxj dksbZ dke gS rks lj ij eSyk <ksusokys O;fDr dks ml vfHk'kki ls eqDr djk nsukA vkSj bl dke dks ujsUæ HkkbZ us ykyfdys ds Hkk"k.k ls u fliQZ dgk] cfYd ljdkj dh izkb;kWfjVh okyk ,tsaMk cuk;k] ftrus Hkh ljdkj ds vaMjVsfdaXl gSa] xouZesaV dh vaMjVsfdaXl gSa] 4


thjks osLV] thjks osLV] gaMªsM ijlsUV osLVst---] thjks osLV dh fn'kk esa LoPNrk ds dk;ZØe dks dSls tksM+uk gS] ;s Jheku~ ikBd us iwjh nqfu;k dks crkus dk dke fd;k gSA vkSj eSa ekurk gw¡ fd 68 ls ysdj vkt rd ikBd lkgc us yxHkx&yxHkx viuk iwjk thou bl dke ds fy, fn;k gS

mlds lektlsok dk tks mudk iQaM gksrk gS] mu lHkh dks 'kkSpky; dh vksj mUgksaus bafxr dj ds ,d cgqr cM+k vkanksyu 'kq: fd;k gSA 29 djksM+ ds vklikl 'kkSpky;ksa dk fuekZ.k 'kq: gksuk vkSj mlds lkFk&lkFk ikBd lkgc us Bhd gh dgk gS] cuus ls D;k gksrk gS] vxj mi;ksx djus yk;d ugha jgrk gS rks cuus dk dksbZ eryc gh ughaA blds j[k&j[kko dh O;oLFkk vkSj bldh vknr Mkyus dk ,d izpkj&vfHk;ku Hkh Hkkjr&ljdkj us mBk;k gSA yxHkx 2]502 xk¡o [kqys esa 'kkSp dh izfØ;k ls Hkh eqDr gks x, gaSA 67 ftys [kqys eas 'kkSp dh izfØ;k ls eqDr gq, gSa vkSj 3 jkT; iwjs&ds&iwjs lj ij eSyk <ksus ds vfHk'kki vkSj [kqys esa 'kkSp djus dh izfØ;k ls eqDr gksdj vkt bl fn'kk esa vkxs c<+ jgs gaSA exj gekjk dke cgqr dfBu gSA vkt ;gk¡ ij dkiQh nsjh gks jgh Fkh] fiQj Hkh ,d rks ikBd th bruh fouezrk ls vkxzg djrs gSa fd budks dksbZ ^uk* gh ugha cksy ldrk gS vkSj nwljk] bUgksaus tks dke fd;k gS] og dke ns[kdj vkSj gj pht dks bruh ckjhdh ls le>dj NksVh&NksVh phtksa dk mi;qDr fopkj djds ,d laiw.kZ pØ dh O;oLFkk cukbZ] laiw.kZ pØ! fe=kks] LoPNrk ds ckjs esa esjh ekrk th xkaèkh th dh cgqr cM+h vuq;k;h FkhA rks cpiu ls [kknh] LoPNrkµbu lkjh phtksa dks eaS lqurk vk;k gw¡] ns[krk Hkh vk;k gw¡ vkSj thou esa dgha&u&dgha eSaus viuk;k Hkh gSA exj eSaus LoPNrk ds brus Mk;esU'kUl~ gks ldrs gSa] brus ifjek.k gks ldrs gSa] ;s igyh ckj vkt bl laLFkk esa ns[kkA thjks osLV] thjks osLV] gaMªsM ijlsUV osLVst----] thjks osLV dh fn'kk esa LoPNrk ds dk;ZØe dks dSls tksM+uk gS] ;s Jheku~ ikBd us iwjh nqfu;k dks crkus dk dke fd;k gS vkSj eSa ekurk gw¡ fd 68 ls ysdj vkt rd ikBd lkgc us yxHkx&yxHkx viuk iwjk thou bl dke ds fy, fn;k gSA ikBd lkgc dks cgqr lkjs vokWMZ Hkh feys gSaA Hkkjr&ljdkj us Hkh ^in~e*&vokWMZ ls lEekfur fd;k] nqfu;k&Hkj us vokWMZ fn, gSaA exj ikBd lkgc] eSa vyx nqfu;k dk O;fDr gw¡A ;s vokWMZ dksbZ ek;us ugha j[krs] ;s lkjs vokWMZ ,d vksj_ vkSj ,d O;fDr] tks lj ij eSyk <ksrk gS] mlls mldks eqfDr fnykdj mldk vk'khokZn tks vkidks izkIr gqvk gksxk] oks vokWMZ ,d rjiQ! nksuksa esa dksbZ rqyuk ugha gks ldrh! djksM+ksa yksxksa ds thou esa muds LokLF; dk lqèkkj] mudks laLdkfjr thou nsus dk laLdkj vkSj LoPNrk ds dke ds lkFk tqM+s gq, yksxksa dk lkekftd l'kDrhdj.kµ eSa ekurk gw¡ fd ;s cgqr cM+h ckr gSA lqyHk baVjus'kuy esa ,d ckj igys Hkh vkus dk esjk dk;ZØe r; gqvk Fkk] exj vfuok;Z dkj.kksa ls eSa vk ugha ik;k Fkk] vkt eSa ;gk¡ vk;kA bldks lquk cgqr Fkk] viuh vk¡[kksa ls ns[kk vkSj eSa eu ls dgrk gw¡ fe=kks] lekt esa cnyko ds fy, tks laLFkk dke djrh gS] mldks fdl rjg dke djuk pkfg,] og ns[kuk gS rks lqyHk baVjus'kuy esa vkdj ns[kuk pkfg,] le>uk pkfg,A bl laLFkk ds lkFk tqM+s gq, Hkkjr&Hkj ls vk, gq, lHkh Hkkb;ksa vkSj cguksa dks eSa dguk pkgrk gw¡ fd cgqr vPNs dke ds lkFk vki tqM+s gSaA bl dke ds lkFk tqM+us dk eryc gh gS fd blh ls vkRek dk dY;k.k gksrk gS vkSj vkxs dh xfr feyrh gSA vki lHkh dks vkSj lqyHk&ifjokj ds ns'k&Hkj esa iQSys gq, yk[kksa tqM+s gq, dk;ZdrkZvksa dks eSa ân; ls mudk vfHkuanu djuk pkgrk gw¡ vkSj fo'ks"kdj Jheku~ ikBd th dks cgqr&cgqr lkèkqokn nsuk pkgrk gw¡ fd mUgksaus bl dke dks fd;k vkSj eq>s ;gk¡ cqyk;k] esjk lEeku fd;k vkSj bruh vPNh xfrfofèk;ksa ls ifjfpr gksus dk eq>s ykHk fn;kA blfy, ân; ls èkU;okn dj eSa viuh ckr dks lekIr djrk gw¡A ^Hkkjr ekrk dh t;!* 5


Address of Hon'ble National President of BJP

Shri Amit Shah

Dr.

Bindeshwar Pathakji, Honâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ble Manu Ghoshji, Smt. Amola Pathakji, Shri Samirendra Chatterjeeji, Smt. Usha Chaumarji, and all the brothers and sisters associated with the sacred work of Sulabh, who have come from all over India!

I am standing today at a place whose people are associated with the most sacred work of society. I am now standing and talking from such an organisation. This programme, attended by 500-600 people, appears to be small, but we are witnessing and understanding a big world that Pathakji has created. The work this organisation is engaged in is huge, and I think Political movement has a clear goal, this work should have been accomplished and it moves ahead to achieve that long ago. Pathakji started it in 1968, i.e. 20 years goal. But when someone makes after Independence,â&#x20AC;&#x201D;a movement of ideology ideas the basis of a movement, with the objective that toilets should be made things become tough and one has available everywhere and to everyone. I am to face many difficulties, because a social and political activist, and I am not the in this case there is nothing to gain, one to be scared of adversities and paradoxical but much to give. It is thus difficult contradictions. I am an activist who believes to sustain a movement of ideology. that we must wage a struggle for the good of the people, for the organization and for the society. And the movement of the ideology of sanitation that Sulabh has initiated seems to be reasonably successful. Movements are of three kindsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;religious, political, and ideological. Religious movement moves ahead taking into account the inner feelings and sentiments of people. Political movement has a clear goal, and it moves ahead to achieve that goal. But when someone makes ideas the basis of a movement, things become tough and one has to face many difficulties, because in this case there is nothing to gain, but much to give. It is thus difficult to sustain a movement of ideology. Therefore, on behalf of my entire party and myself, I would 6


like to sincerely congratulate Pathakji for taking up this challenge as the mantra of his life.

Gandhijiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s aim was not only the attainment of Independence, but also to take India far ahead by getting rid of the deplorable and unacceptable practices one by one. That is why he stressed so much on cleanliness and made it a very vital issue.

While engaging himself with India's Independence Movement Mahatma Gandhi, on the suggestion of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, travelled all over India in order to understand the country. And this was a very good move. Had Gandhiji not undertaken such an extensive tour of India after his long stay in South Africa, he would not have minutely understood the fundamental things and that would have adversely affected the goal of achieving Independence. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari and from Gujarat to Kamarupa in Assam, Gandhiji had patiently toured

Hon'ble National President of BJP Shri Amit Shah addressing the gathering during his visit to Sulabh Gram

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There is an ongoing campaign for construction of toilets and to make people use them. The Government of India has taken up this huge project— the campaign to free the country from open defecation, along with liberating everyone from the utterly shameful practice of carrying human excreta as headloads.

each and every part of this vast country. This made him thoroughly understand the problems of the country, and subsequently, alongside the struggle for freedom. He formulated so many valuable ideas through his action plan, which could keep India on the ascendency in the centuries to come. One of them was the concept of cleanliness. Whether it was stress on simplicity, Indianness, khadi, or cleanliness, these issues were not directly linked to the Independence, but Gandhiji’s aim was not only the attainment of Independence, but also to take India far ahead by getting rid of the deplorable and unacceptable practices one by one. That is why he stressed so much on cleanliness and made it a very vital issue. Friends, it is rather lamentable that someone had to take initiative for adopting the concept of sanitation so many years after the Independence. We have to launch an awareness campaign for toilets, and even after building them, the people have to be persuaded to use them. The toilet is ready, but if persons who are used to defecate in the open throughout their life of 50 to 60 years are not ready to use it, one has to start a campaign to bring about a behavioural change in people, and persuade them to use the toilet, which is not an easy task. When Narendrabhai became the Prime Minister, there were many problems, and some of the problems were very visible. There were problems such as inflation, the border security, the security of women, the plummeting GDP and growth rate, unemployment, the challenge of providing electricity to every home, etc. These visible issues became big election issues. There were also problems, which were not easily perceptible. Narendrabhai addressed these visible problems effectively. He was the first Prime Minister who talked about toilets from the ramparts of the Red Fort, forcing us to understand that unless we addressed this issue, we would not become a developed country. Friends, I would not like to blame anyone for this, and this is not a political platform. But had the work of sanitation been made a people’s movement, we would not have to face this problem today. Instead of the old concept of dependence or overdependence on government for solving the society’s problems, Narendrabhai devised a new path of taking the people along to solve problems. This is evident in the campaign of 'Beti Bachao, Bati Padhao' (Save daughter, educate daughter). This can also be seen in the campaign of Namami Gange (Clean Ganga Mission). This can also be observed in the construction of toilets and the ongoing campaign to make people use the toilet. The Government of India has taken up this huge project—the 8


How the concept of zero waste, absolute zero waste, can be best applied to the issue of sanitation has now been made clear to the whole world by Pathakji. And I think since 1968, the year he started the work, Pathak Saheb has dedicated his entire life to this cause. Pathak Saheb has got numerous awards for his work.

campaign to free the country from open defecation, along with liberating everyone from the utterly shameful practice of carrying human excreta as headloads. Friends, I am of the view that among the many tasks before our country, we have to give topmost priority to freeing the people who are still suffering from the curse of manual scavenging. Narendrabhai has not only spoken about this issue in his speech from the Red Fort, but has made it an agenda, giving urgency and priority. All the government undertakings and their funds for social service have a clear signal from the Prime Minister for prioritizing toilet-building, and a big movement has thus been launched. Plan is also afoot to build 29 crore toilets. But as Pathak Saheb has indicated, there is no point in building toilets unless they are put to use. So the government is also starting a campaign for proper maintenance and use of toilets. Almost 2,502 villages have been made open defecation-free. 63 districts are now free from open defecation. In all, three States have been totally freed from this practice and the curse of carrying night soil as headloads. So we are making progress in this direction, although the task is extremely difficult. It was impossible for me to skip this delayed visit, as it is not easy for anyone to say â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;noâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; to Pathakji, who has made his requests so humbly. Secondly, one has great respect for the kind of work he has done. After understanding and analyzing everything, taking into account even the minute details, he has made a complete system, an effective system. Friends, my mother was a great follower of Gandhiji, especially in the matter of cleanliness. So right from childhood I had come to know about issues like khadi and cleanliness. And I follow these things in my own life. But today for the first time I am witnessing in this organisation that there can be so many dimensions of sanitation. How the concept of zero waste, absolute zero waste, can be best applied to the issue of sanitation has now been made clear to the whole world by Pathakji. And I think since 1968, the year he started the work, Pathak Saheb has dedicated his entire life to this cause. Pathak Saheb has got numerous awards for his work. The government of India has honoured him with Padma Bhushan, and he has got many other awards from all over the world. I belong to a different world, and I think the most valuable one is the award he gained in the form of gratitude and goodwill of the persons who have been freed from the curse of manual scavenging. There cannot be any comparison between these two types of awards.

9


I was to visit Sulabh International much earlier, but that did not happen due to some unavoidable work. Today I am here. I had heard a lot about Sulabh, but today I could know much more about this organisation. Friends, I am speaking from my heart, and am saying that if one wants to really understand how an organization should work for bringing about change in the society, one must visit Sulabh International.

Bringing health to millions of people and enriching them with the best of our culture and providing social empowerment to those who are engaged in sanitation work, I think, are truly remarkable achievements. I was to visit Sulabh International much earlier, but that did not happen due to some unavoidable work. Today I am here. I had heard a lot about Sulabh, but today I could know much more about this organisation. Friends, I am speaking from my heart, and am saying that if one wants to really understand how an organization should work for bringing about change in the society, one must visit Sulabh International. I would like to tell all the brothers and sisters who are associated with this organisation and those who have come from all over India that all of you are engaged in an extremely important work. Association with such work uplifts your soul and gives your life the right momentum. I would also like to offer my heart-felt salutation to lakhs of Sulabh associates spread across the country. And I would like to specially express my appreciation and thanks to Pathakji for doing this wonderful work and also for inviting and honouring me and for the advantage of making me aware about so many activities of Sulabh. I thank you from the bottom of my heart. Bharat Mata ki Jai! (Victory for Mother India!)

10


Welcoming

Lokxr djrs gq,

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak welcoming Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah on his arrival at the Sulabh Gram on December 20, 2016

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ds lqyHk&xzke esa vkxeu ij Lokxr djrs gq, lqyHk&laLFkkid MkW- foUns'oj ikBd % 20 fnlaacj] 2016

Mrs. Amola Pathak, Chairperson, Sulabh Mahila Avom Bal Kalyan Sansthan presenting a shawl to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah on his arrival at the Sulabh Gram

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ds lqyHk&xzke esa vkxeu ij mUgsa 'kkWy vks<+k dj Lokxr djrh gqb± lqyHk efgyk ,oa cky&dY;k.k laLFkku dh vè;{k Jherh veksyk ikBd 11


Mrs. Nitya Pathak, daughter-in-law of Dr. Pathak and Mrs. Madhu Bala Sharma, daughter of Dr. Pathak, presenting a shawl to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks 'kkWy vks<+k dj Lokxr djrh gqb± MkW ikBd dh iq=ko/w Jherh fuR;k ikBd ,oa lqiq=kh Jherh e/qckyk 'kekZ

12


A group photograph with Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ds lkFk ,d lewg iQksVks

13


Shri S.P. Singh, Chairman, Sulabh International, welcoming Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Shri B.B. Sahay, IAS (Retd.), welcoming Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk dk Lokxr djrs gq, Jh ch-ch- lgk;] vkbZ-,-,l- (lsokfuo`Ùk) Lokxr djrs gq, lqyHk baVjus'kuy ds vè;{k Jh ,l-ih- flag

Shri S.P. N. Sinha, IAS (Retd.), welcoming Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr djrs gq, Jh ,l-ih-,u- flUgk] vkbZ-,-,l- (lsokfuo`Ùk) 14


Shri Arun Pathak, IAS (Retd.), welcoming Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Shri Samirendra Chatterjee, IAS (Retd.), welcoming Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer dk Lokxr djrs gq, Jh v#.k ikBd] vkbZ-,-,l- (lsokfuo`Ùk) 'kkg dk Lokxr djrs gq, Jh lehjsanz pVthZ] vkbZ-,-,l(lsokfuo`Ùk)

Shri Pankaj Jain, IAS (Retd.), welcoming Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr djrs gq, Jh iadt tSu] vkbZ-,-,l- (lsokfuo`Ùk) 15


Mrs. Abha Kumar, Hony. Sr. Vice President, Sulabh International, presenting a bouquet to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks xqynLrk lefiZr djrh gqb± lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh ekun ofj"B mikè;{k Jherh vkHkk dqekj

Mrs. Nigar Imam, Hony. Vice President, Sulabh International, presenting a bouquet to Hon'ble BJP National President Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks xqynLrk lefiZr djrh gqb± lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh ekun mikè;{k Jherh fuxkj beke 16


Dr. Pathak's path-breaking initiatives:

Freedom for untouchables and restoration of their human rights

A

fter liberating the untouchable manual scavengers, Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak developed a holistic plan to restore their human rights and dignity and bring them into the mainstream of society. Firstly, he got them relieved from the work of cleaning human excreta by getting bucket toilets cleaned by scavengers converted into Sulabh flush toilets. Thus, the owners of the bucket toilets got the flush toilets. Secondly, he set up a centre called ‘Nai Disha’ at Alwar, Rajasthan, to provide them education and vocational training to earn their own livelihood.

Firstly, Dr. Pathak got the scavengers relieved from the work of cleaning human excreta by getting bucket toilets converted into Sulabh flush toilets. Thus, the owners of the bucket toilets got the flush toilets. Secondly, he set up a centre called ‘Nai Disha’ at Alwar, Rajasthan, to provide them education and vocational training to earn their own livelihood.

Dr. Pathak first taught them how to read and write, and how to put their signatures to draw money from banks. For three months, Sulabh provided them stipend in cash because they were not literate. But after they learnt to read and write Sulabh gave them their stipend by cheques. Sulabh gave them vocational education in making eatables like papads, noodles, pickles and also in market-oriented trades such as tailoring, embroidery, fashion designing, beauty-care, etc. The vocational training enabled them to earn their livelihood, thus freeing them from economic problems. Dr. Pathak helped them to perform rituals and ceremonies of the Brahmins and the upper castes. Initially, there was some opposition, but now the Brahmins offer them tea when they visit them. They even invite the untouchable scavengers on festive occasions and marriage ceremonies and exchange gifts. Dr. Pathak also took the former untouchables to Varanasi to take a dip in the holy Ganga. They also offered prayers to Lord Shiva at the Vishwanath temple and sought the Lord’s blessings. After that 200 Brahmin families took meal with them. This had never 17


happened before. Later, Dr. Pathak also took them to the holy shrine of Ajmer Sharif and the sacred Cathedral Church, New Delhi, where they participated in the prayers. They also visited and prayed at the Gurudwara. Thus, the people of different faiths and castes accepted the former untouchables. Through these measures Dr. Pathak succeeded in emancipating the scavengers as well as making two towns of Rajasthan—Alwar and Tonk—scavenging-free. The scavengers now freely mingle with the upper-caste families, including those that had earlier employed them to clean and carry night soil. Now they sit together for tea and breakfast. The scavengers do the facials and beauty-care work for the upper-caste ladies. They are no longer discriminated against in the market place while shopping or buying fruits and vegetables. The upper-caste families now exchange greetings and attend the festivals of the untouchables and vice-versa. This shows a remarkable social change in the people’s attitude. Alwar and Tonk are now free of untouchability. Thus, Dr. Pathak has brought the untouchables into the social mainstream. Breaking Tradition: Hundreds of liberated manual scavenger women who were earlier known as "untouchables" were declared Brahmins, on October 5, 2016, at the Mavalankar Hall, New Delhi. Around three hundred women from Alwar and Tonk districts who were earlier manually cleaning toilets changed their blue sarees to yellow sarees. Sanskrit scholars chanted 'Sloks' and shared sweets with these women.

Mrs. Savita Sarsar, a former untouchable woman scavenger from Alwar, Rajasthan, welcoming Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah, by applying the traditional vermilion ‘Tilak’ on his forehead

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ds lqyHk&izkxa .k esa ièkkjus ij vyoj] jktLFkku dh iwo&Z LdSot as j efgyk lqJh lfork ljklj muds ekFks ij fryd yxk dj Lokxr djrh gqb± 18


Erstwhile women scavengers from Alwar, Rajasthan, welcoming Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah by showering petals

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk iQwyksa dh ia[kqfM+;k¡ fNM+d dj Lokxr djrh gqb± vyoj vkSj Vksd a ] jktLFkku dh iwo&Z LdSot as j efgyk,¡

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah interacting with the liberated untouchable scavenger women from Alwar and Tonk, Rajasthan

vyoj ,oa Vksd a ] jktLFkku ls lqyHk&}kjk LdSofas tax dk;Z ls eqDr ,oa iquokZflr djokbZ xb± efgykvksa ls ckrphr djrs Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah interacting with Mrs. Usha Chaumar, erstwhile woman scavenger, now President of Sulabh International, and others

vyoj] jktLFkku dh iwo&Z LdSot as j Jherh m"kk pkSeM+ (vc lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh izfs lMsVa gS)a ls ckrphr djrs Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 19


MkWDVj ikBd dk igy %

vLi`';ksa dh eqfDr ,oa muds ekuokfèkdkjksa dh okilh

v

Li`'; LdSosatjksa dks LdSosaftax ds dk;Z ls eqDr djus ds i'pkr~ MkWDVj ikBd&}kjk muds vkRelEeku ,oa ekuokfèkdkjksa dh okilh djokdj mUgsa lekt dh eq[;èkkjk ls tksM+us ds fy, ,d ;kstuk cukbZ xbZA loZizFke mUgksaus ekuo&ey lkiQ djus ds vekuoh; dk;Z ls mUgsa eqfDr fnyokbZA blds fy, mUgksaus dekÅ 'kkSpky;ksa dks lqyHk 'kkSpky; esa ifjofrZr djok;kA blds fy, mu x`g&Lokfe;ksa] ftuds ?kjksa esa dekÅ 'kkSpky; Fks] dks Ýy'k&'kkSpky;&lqfoèkk miyCèk djok;h xbZA oSdfYid Ýy'k&'kkSpky; fey tkus ds dkj.k mu yksxksa us bldk dksbZ fojksèk ugha fd;kA blds vykok MkWDVj ikBd&}kjk jktLFkku ds vyoj esa ^ubZ fn'kk* uked ,d O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k&dsaæ dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ] ftlls LdSosatj&ifjokjksa ds lnL;ksa dks f'kf{kr fd;k tk lds ,oa mUgsa mudh #fp ds ekuo&ey lkQ djus ds vuqlkj O;kolkf;d f'k{kk Hkh nh tk lds] rkfd os vius iSjksa ij [kM+s gks ldsaA ls mUgsa eqfDr fnyokbZA

loZizFke mUgksaus vekuoh; dk;Z blds fy, mUgksaus dekÅ 'kkSpky;ksa dks lqyHk 'kkSpky; esa ifjofrZr djok;kA blds fy, mu x`g&Lokfe;ksa] ftuds ?kjksa esa dekÅ 'kkSpky; Fks] dks ¶y'k& 'kkSpky;&lqfoèkk miyCèk djok;h xbZA oSdfYid ¶y'k&'kkSpky; fey tkus ds dkj.k mu yksxksa us bldk dksbZ fojksèk ugha fd;kA blds vykok MkWDVj ikBd&}kjk jktLFkku ds vyoj esa ^ubZ fn'kk* uked ,d O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k&dsaæ dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ

MkWDVj ikBd us loZizFke mUgsa i<+uk vkSj fy[kuk fl[kk;k] lkFk gh mUgsa viuk gLrk{kj djuk fl[kk;k] rkfd os cSad ls ysu&nsu dj ldsaA rhu eghus rd lqyHk&}kjk mUgsa udn LVkbisaM fn;k x;k] D;ksafd os i<+h&fy[kh ugha Fkha] fdarq tc os dqN i<+uk&fy[kuk lh[k xb± rks lqyHk&}kjk mUgsa LVkbisaM dk Hkqxrku psd&}kjk fd;k tkus yxkA lqYkHk&}kjk mUgsa [kkus dh oLrq,¡] tSls&ikiM+] lsob;k¡ ,oa vkpkj vkfn cukus ds {ks=k esa O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k fn;k x;kA blds vykok mUgsa dqN vU; {ks=kksa esa Hkh O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k fn;k x;k] ftuesa flykbZ&d<+kbZ] iQS'ku&fMtkbfuax] C;wVh&ds;j bR;kfn 'kkfey gSaA O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k ik ysus ds ckn os dqN jkstxkj djds viuk thou&;kiu dj ldrh gSa] ftlls os vkfFkZd :i ls Lora=k gks ldsaxhA

MkWDVj ikBd us mUgsa czkã.kksa ,oa vU; Å¡ph tkfr ds èkkfeZd vuq"Bkuksa dh fofèk fl[kykbZA vkjafHkd rkSj ij bldk dqN fojksèk vo'; gqvk] fdarq vc rks czkã.k yksx bu yksxksa dks vius ?kj cqykdj pk; bR;kfn Hkh fiykrs gSaA vktdy rks os yksx bu yksxksa (iwoZ esa vLi`'; jgs) dks vius ikfjokfjd mRloksa] tSls&fookg vkfn esa Hkh 20


vkeaf=kr djrs gSa ,oa lkSxkr dk Hkh vknku&iznku djrs gSaA MkWDVj ikBd bu iwoZ&vLi`';ksa dks okjk.klh Hkh ys x,] tgk¡ bUgksaus ifo=k xaxk&unh esa Luku fd;kA izfl¼ fo'oukFk&eafnj esa izkFkZuk dj ckck fo'oukFk dk vk'khokZn Hkh fy;kA blds ckn 200 czkã.k&ifjokjksa us buds lkFk cSBdj Hkkstu fd;k] ,slk igys dHkh ugha gqvk FkkA blds ckn MkWDVj ikBd bu lHkh dks vtesj'kjhiQ njxkg vkSj ubZ fnYyh] dukWV Iysl&fLFkr dFkhMªy ppZ Hkh ys x,] tgk¡ izkFkZuk esa bu yksxksa us Hkh Hkkx fy;kA bUgksaus xq#}kjs esa tkdj Hkh izkFkZuk dhA bl izdkj fofHkUu èkeks± ds yksxksa us bu iwoZ&vLi`'; yksxksa dks viuk fy;kA bu mik;ksa ds }kjk MkWDVj ikBd us bu yksxksa dks u fliQZ vekuoh; dk;Z ls eqfDr fnykbZ] cfYd jktLFkku ds nks 'kgjksaµvyoj ,oa Vksad dks LdSaosaftax ls eqDr Hkh fd;kA iwoZ ds ;s LdSosatj vkt Å¡ph tkfr ds yksxksa ds lkFk ?kqy&fey x, gSa] [kkldj mu yksxksa ds lkFk Hkh] ftuds ?kjksa esa ;s igys flj ij ekuo&ey <ksus dk dk;Z djus tkrs FksA vc ;s mu yksxksa ds lkFk cSBdj pk;&uk'rk ysrh gSaA vc rks ;s rFkkdfFkr Å¡ph tkfr dh efgykvksa dk iQsf'k;y vkfn Hkh djrh gSaA cktkj esa Hkh iQy] lCth bR;kfn [kjhnus esa buds lkFk dksbZ HksnHkko ugha fd;k tkrkA ;s lHkh dk;Z yksxksa ds eu esa vk, ,d cM+s lkekftd ifjorZu dk vglkl fnykrs gSaA bl izdkj MkWDVj ikBd bu yksxksa dks lekt dh eq[;èkkjk esa ykus esa l{ke gq, gSaA VwVrh ijaijk,¡ % lSdM+ksa eqDr LdSosatj efgykvksa dks] ftUgsa iwoZ esa ^vLi`';* ekuk tkrk Fkk] 5 vDVwcj] 2016 dks ekoyadj gkWy] ubZ fnYyh esa czkã.k ?kksf"kr fd;k x;kA vyoj vkSj Vksad dh yxHkx rhu lkS efgykvksa us] tks iwoZ esa gkFkksa ls 'kkSpky; lkiQ djrh Fkha] viuh uhyh lkM+h ihys jax esa cny nhA laLd`r ds fo}kuksa us ea=kksPpkj.k ds chp mu efgykvksa ds lkFk feBkb;k¡ lk>k dhaA

The erstwhile scavengers women and girls from Alwar and Tonk greet Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah chanting Sanskrit 'Sloks'

jktLFkku ds vyoj ,oa Vksd a dh efgyk,¡ ,oa yM+fd;k¡] ftUgsa lqyHk&}kjk LdSofas tax ds dk;Z ls eqDr ,oa iquokZflr djok;k x;k] laLÑr&'yksdksa dk ikB djrh gqb± 21


Dr. Pathak's Kind Gesture to Widows of Vrindavan

O

n a writ petition filed by the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) for ameliorating the lives of the Vrindavan widows, the Honâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ble Supreme Court had expressed concern at their plight, requesting the concerned authorities to inquire whether Sulabh would provide food to the widows, who were living in pitiable and penurious conditions. This prompted Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak to immediately pay a visit Dr. Pathak visiting to Vrindavan. On visiting the Ashrams, he found their condition the Widows' Ashrams heartrending and pathetic. He was shocked and moved to tears found their condition on hearing the widows' tale of woes. He immediately provided a heartrending and stipend of Rs. 1000 per month to each of the 552 widows. Since pathetic. He was then Dr. Pathak has taken various steps to mitigate the sufferings shocked and moved of the widows and improve their living conditions. Later, it became to tears on hearing apparent to him that the amount of Rs. 1000 per month per widow their tale of woes. was inadequate. Some of them used to go to various temples to sing bhajans twice a day. From different temples, they earned only eight rupees a day (four rupees in the morning and four rupees in the evening) for meeting their expenses on food and other essentials. He wanted to ensure that the widows living in these government-run shelters do not go to bed hungry or eke out their living by begging, which was hitherto a common sight. Keeping these things in mind, he increased the stipend amount to Rs. 2000 with effect from February 2013. This has enabled the widows to have two meals in their Ashrams, obviating the need to go out for singing and begging. This has instilled in them a sense of belonging and has lifted their broken spirits.

22


Mrs. Manu Ghosh, a widow mother from Vrindavan, presenting shawl to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

o`na kou dh foèkok ^ek¡* Jherh ekuw ?kks"k Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks 'kkWy HksVa djrh gqb±

Widows from Varanasi, presenting shawl to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

okjk.klh dh fo/ok ekrk,¡ Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks 'kkWy HksVa djrh gqb±

23


o`ankou dh foèkokvksa ds mRFkku ds fy, MkWDVj ikBd dk igy

Interacting with the widows from Vrindavan and Varanasi, who greeted Shri Amit Shah chanting 'Radhey Radhey'

o`na kou ,oa okjk.klh dh foèkok ekrk,¡ ^jkèks&jkèks* dk mn~?kks"k dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr djrh gqb± 24


MkWDVj ikBd us bu foèkokvksa dh n;uh; fLFkfr ns[khA mudh nq%[k&Hkjh dgkfu;k¡ lqudj MkWDVj ikBd vius vk¡lw ugha jksd ik, vkSj mUgksaus mlh le; mu 552 foèkokvksa dks ,d&,d gtkj #i, izfrekg dk LVkbisaM nsus dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh

jk

"Vªh; fofèkd lsok izkfèkdj.k&}kjk mPpre U;k;ky; esa o`ankou esa jg jgh foèkokvksa dh gkyr lqèkkjus ds fy, ,d tufgr ;kfpdk nkf[ky dh xbZA ;kfpdk dh lquokbZ ds Øe esa ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; us muds nnZ ds izfr fpark tkfgj djrs gq, jk"Vªh; fofèkd lsok izkfèkdj.k dks vkns'k fn;k fd os lqyHk baVjus'kuy ls iwNs fd D;k os bu Hkw[kh vkSj leL;kvksa ls f?kjh foèkokvksa ds fy, Hkkstu dh O;oLFkk dj ldrk gSA jk"Vªh; fofèkd lsok izkfèkdj.k ds i=k ij lqyHk&laLFkkid MkW- foUns'oj ikBd us rqjar o`ankou dh ;k=kk dhA ogk¡ fLFkr vkJeksa esa tkdj MkWDVj ikBd us bu foèkokvksa dh n;uh; fLFkfr ns[khA mudh nq%[k&Hkjh dgkfu;k¡ lqudj MkWDVj ikBd vius vk¡lw ugha jksd ik, vkSj mUgksaus mlh le; mu 552 foèkokvksa dks ,d&,d gtkj #i, izfrekg dk LVkbisaM nsus dh ?kks"k.k dj nhA mlh le; ls MkWDVj ikBd us bu foèkokvksa ds thus ds LrjksUu;u dh fn'kk esa dbZ egÙoiw.kZ dne mBk, gSaA FkksM+h vofèk ds i'pkr~ MkWDVj ikBd dks eglwl gqvk fd izR;sd foèkok ds fy, #i, 1]000@& izfrekg de gSA igys muesa ls dqN foèkok,¡ fofHkUu eafnjksa esa ,d fnu esa nks ckj Hktu xkdj izfrfnu #i, 8@& (#i, 4@& lqcg esa vkSj #i, 4@& 'kke esa) dekrh Fkh] rkfd os viuh thfodk pyk ldasA MkWDVj ikBd dk mn~ns'; Fkk fd dksbZ Hkh foèkok] tks ogk¡ ljdkj&}kjk pyk, tk jgs fofHkUu vkJeksa esa jg jgh gSa] jkr dks Hkw[kh u lks, rFkk mUgsa viuh thfodk pykus ds fy, Hkh[k u ek¡xuh iM+s] tks vkerkSj ij o`ankou esa ns[kk tk ldrk FkkA bulc ckrksa dks è;ku esa j[kdj iQjojh] 2013 esa MkWDVj ikBd us bu foèkokvksa dk LVkbisaM c<+kdj #i, 2000@& izfrekg dj fn;kA bldk izHkko ;g iM+k fd foèkokvksa dks nksuksa oDr dk Hkkstu muds vkJe esa gh fey tkrk gS] ftlls mUgsa Hktu xkus vFkok Hkh[k ek¡xus ds fy, ckgj ugha tkuk iM+rkA bldk ,d egÙoiw.kZ izHkko iM+k fd mUgsa eglwl gksus yxk gS fd bl nqfu;k esa mudk Hkh dksbZ gS] blls mudk eukscy cgqr c<+k gSA tks igys bl thou ls fujk'k&grk'k gksdj ejuk pkgrh Fkha] vc lqyHk dh lgk;rk ikdj thuk pkgrh gSaA

25


Making a qualitative change

in the arsenic-affected people of Madhusudankati, West Bengal

S

ulabh has set up in Madhusudankati, a remote hamlet in West Bengal near the India-Bangladesh border, a pilot project, Sulabh Purified Water Plant, which treats water collected from a deep, man-made pond at the village. It has been developed jointly by Sulabh and French NGO 1001 Fontaines. The plant started operating several months ago with the capacity to produce everyday 8,000 litres of potable water called Sulabh Jal. The water costs 50 paise (less than one cent) per litre, which makes it the cheapest purified bottled water. For the residents of Madusudankati, the plant has proved to be a great help after years of suffering from skin and other diseases caused by arsenic in groundwater pumped from wells. After commencement of the Sulabh Water Treatment Plant, the residents are getting clean Sulabh Jal. There has since been considerable improvement in the health of the people affected by the arsenic poison. Apart from supplying safe drinking water, Sulabh is also treating people suffering from arsenic poisoning at a health centre adjacent to the water plant.

Sulabh has set up in Madhusudankati, a remote hamlet in West Bengal near the IndiaBangladesh border, a pilot project, Sulabh Purified Water Plant, which treats water collected from a deep, man-made pond at the village.

26


Arsenic-affected people from Madhusudankati, West Bengal, presenting a shawl to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks 'kkWy HksVa djrs gq, if'pe caxky ds eèkqlnw udkrh esa vklsfZ ud&;qDr ty ds dqiHz kko ls xzLr yksx

Dr. Pathak narrating to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah, the suffering of the people of Madhusudankati village in West Bengal due to arsenic contamination in groundwater and explaining how Sulabh came to their rescue by setting up a water treatment plant and providing clean and cheap drinking water

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks if'pe caxky esa eèkqlnw udkrh ds yksxksa dh vklsfZ ud&;qDr ty dh otg ls gks jgh leL;kvksa dh tkudkjh nsrs gq, lqyHk baVjus'kuy ds laLFkkid MkW- foUns'oj ikBdA MkWDVj ikBd mUgsa ;g Hkh crk jgs gSa fd fdl izdkj lqyHk baVjus'kuy&}kjk ty&'kq¼hdj.k&la;=a k yxkdj fdiQk;rh ewY;ksa ij ogk¡ ds fuokfl;ksa dks LoPN ,oa 'kq¼ is;ty miyCèk djok;k x;k 27


if'pe caxky ds eèkqlwnudkrh esa jg jgs vklsZfud&;qDr ty ls izHkkfor yksxksa ds thou esa izHkko'kkyh ifjorZu ykuk

Hkk

jr &caxykns'k&lhek ds ikl if'pe caxky ds lqnwj xk¡o eèkqlwnudkrh esa lqyHk baVjus'kuy&}kjk lqyHk 'kq¼ is;ty&la;a=k LFkkfir fd;k x;k gS] ftlds }kjk xk¡o ds ,d rkykc dk ty lkiQ dj mls is;ty ds :i esa ogk¡ ds yksxksa dks miyCèk djk;k tk jgk gSA bl la;a=k dk fodkl lqyHk baVjus'kuy us izQkal ds ,uthvks ^1001 iQksaVsau* dh enn ls fd;k gSA ;g la;a=k fiNys dbZ ekg ls izfrfnu 8000 yhVj vklsZfud&;qDr ty dks lkiQ dj ihus yk;d cuk jgk gS] ftls ^lqyHk is;ty* ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA bldk ewY; 50 iSls (,d lsaV ls Hkh de) izfr yhVj gS] tks lcls lLrk vkSj 'kq¼ cksrycan is;ty gSA eèkqlwnudkrh ds fuokfl;ksa ds fy, ;g la;a=k vR;ar ennxkj fl¼ gqvk gS] D;ksafd fiNys dbZ o"kks± ls os yksx vklsZfud&;qDr ty ihus ij foo'k Fks] ftlds dkj.k mUgsa Ropk&jksx ds vykok isV&laca/h jksxksa ls Hkh xzLr jguk iM+rk FkkA lqyHk&la;a=k ds 'kq: gksus ds ckn ogk¡ ds fuoklh vc ^lqyHk is;ty* ih jgs gSaA vklsZfud ds dqizHkko ls xzflr yksxksa ds LokLF; esa Hkh rsth ls lqèkkj gks jgk gSA lkiQ ty miyCèk djokus ds vykok vius ty'kksèku&la;a=k ds ikl gh lqyHk&}kjk ,d LokLF;&dsaæ dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ gS] tgk¡ vklsZfud ls xzflr yksxksa dk bykt fd;k tkrk gSA

Hkkjr&caxykns'k&lhek ds ikl if'pe caxky ds lqnwj xk¡o eèkqlwnudkrh esa lqyHk baVjus'kuy&}kjk lqyHk 'kq) is;ty&la;a= LFkkfir fd;k x;k gS] ftlds }kjk xk¡o ds ,d rkykc dk ty lkQ dj mls is;ty ds :i esa ogk¡ ds yksxksa dks miyCèk djk jgk gS

28


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah understanding the problem of arsenic-affected people from Madhusudankati, West Bengal

if'pe caxky ds eèkqlnw udkrh esa vklsfZ ud&;qDr ty ds dqiHz kko ls xzLr yksxksa dh leL;k dks le>rs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

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Sulabh National Association for the Blind

T

he National Association for the Blind was established in 1954 in Worli, Mumbai, for the all-round development of the blind people as well as for making them self-reliant. The sole purpose of the institution is to educate and rehabilitate them. There are over 23 offices of the institution all over India. Almost all the States have its branches.

Blind boys and girls are being motivated for education in rural areas every year by the institution ensuring support and training to stand on their own feet.

An office of the National Association for the Blind was established in 2005 in Bihar. Its services included distribution of sticks, specs, cassette players and blankets. Gradually, in view of its popularity, the Government of Bihar provided a small space at the campus of the Industrial Department for setting up a computer training centre and a shop. A number of blind people had received computer training at the centre, and many of them were selected for various posts in banks etc. Dr. Lily Gupta, Sub-Director of the Red Cross, Bihar Chapter, met Padma Bhushan Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak and explained to him the main problems of the blind related to their travels and arrangements for their stay. Thanks to the help provided by Dr. Pathak the institution expanded its activities dedicating itself to Sulabh.

Almost 50 blind people are now getting assistance in various fields. The services provided at present are: 1. Computer Education 2. Spoken English 3. Vocational Trade 4. Braille Typing 5. Shorthand 6. Engagement as Receptionist etc. 7. Music Blind boys and girls are being motivated for education in rural areas every year by the institution ensuring support and training to stand on their own feet. 30


lqyHk us'kuy ,lksfl,'ku iQWkj n CykbaM

us

=kckf/rksa ds fodkl ,oa mUgsa Lokoyach cukus dh bPNk ls us'kuy ,lksfl,'ku iQkWj n CykbaM dh LFkkiuk 1954 esa eqEcbZ&fLFkr ojyh esa gqbZA bl laLFkk dk ,dek=k mís'; us=kckfèkrksa dh f'k{kk ,oa iquokZlu gSA laLFkk ds vc&rd iwjs Hkkjro"kZ esa 23 ls Hkh vfèkd jkT;ksa esa dk;kZy; gSaA ns'k ds lHkh jkT; laLFkk ds laj{kd jgs gSaA

laLFkk&}kjk yxHkx gj o"kZ xzkeh.k {ks= esa us=cf/kr cPps&cfPp;ksa dks f'k{kk ds fy, izsfjr dj mUgsa ;FkklaHko lgk;rk ,oa Vsªafux nsdj vius iSjksa ij [kM+k fd;k tkrk jgk gS

blh dM+h esa lu~ 2005 esa fcgkj esa Hkh us'kuy ,lksfl,'ku iQkj n CykbaM (uSc) dh LFkkiuk gqbZA laLFkk us fcgkj ds us=kckf/rksa dh lsok dk dk;Z NksVs&NksVs ekè;eksa ls djuk 'kq: fd;k] ;FkkµNM+h&forj.k] p'ek&forj.k] dSlsV Iys;j] dacy&forj.k] us=k&fpfdRlk bR;kfnA èkhjs&/hjs laLFkk dh yksdfiz;rk ,oa lgk;rk ns[kdj fcgkj&ljdkj }kjk dEI;wVj&Vsªfuax rFkk ,d nqdku ds fy, m|ksx&foHkkx ds ifjlj esa ,d NksVh&lh txg vkoafVr dh xbZA bl dsanz ls dbZ us=kckfèkr dEI;wVj dh f'k{kk xzg.k djus yxs rFkk cSad ,oa vU; lsokvksa esa p;fur gq,A 2013 ls laLFkk dh lfpo MkW- fyyh xqIrk] tks rRdkyhu jsMØkWl] fcgkj pSIVj dh mifunsZf'kdk Fkh] dh eqykdkr in~eHkw"k.k MkW- foUns'oj ikBd ls gqbZ vkSj mUgksaus ;g leL;k crkbZ fd us=kckf/rksa dh eq[; leL;k vkus&tkus] jgus vkSj [kkus dh gksrh gS vkSj fcgkj esa bldh dksbZ lqfuf'pr O;oLFkk ugha gSA MkWDVj ikBd&}kjk nh xbZ rRdkyhu lgk;rk ls ;g laLFkk iquthZfor gks xbZ rFkk dkykarj esa bl laLFkk dks lqyHk dks lefiZr dj fn;k x;kA vc yxHkx 50 ls vf/d us=kckf/r fofHkUu ekè;eksa ls ykHkkfUor gks jgs gSa] buds fy, tks lsok&O;oLFkk gS] os bl izdkj gSa% 1) dEI;wVj&f'k{kk] 2) Liksdsu&baxfy'k] 3) oksds'kuy&VsªM] 4) czsy&VkbZfiax] 5) 'kkVZgSaM] 7) fjlsI'kfuLV ,oa 8) laxhrA laLFkk&}kjk yxHkx gj o"kZ xzkeh.k {ks=k esa us=kckf/r cPps&cfPp;ksa dks f'k{kk ds fy, izsfjr dj mUgsa ;FkklaHko lgk;rk ,oa Vsªafux nsdj vius iSjksa ij [kM+k fd;k tkrk jgk gSA 31


Blind people of the National Association Project, presenting bouquet to Hon'ble BJP National President, Shri Amit Shah

us'kuy ,lksfl,'ku izkt s Ds V ds dqN us=kghu yksx Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks iq"ixqPN HksVa djrs gq,

Interacting with the blind people of the National Association Project

us'kuy ,lksfl,'ku izkt s Ds V ls ièkkjs us=kghu O;fDr;ksa ls ckrphr djrs Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 32


Hirmathla:

The saga of an open defecation-free village

H

irmathla is a village in Mewat district of Haryana where Sulabh has undertaken promotion of sanitation awareness and construction of toilets for all inhabitants. Sulabh got financial assistance from the Rail Tel Corporation India Limited under its Corporate Social Responsibility Programme for construction of 100 individual household toilets.

Every household in Hirmathla has a toilet now. Thus, the village has become free of open defecation. Having been declared as a Nirmal Gram, Hirmathla has won award for the same.

Out of the total cost, the beneficiary’s contribution was Rs. 3,000 and the rest of the cost was borne by Rail Tel for 100 units and for 36 units by Sulabh.

Every household in the village has a toilet now. Thus, the village has become free of open defecation. Having been declared as a Nirmal Gram, Hirmathla has been awarded for the same. Sulabh has provided Total Sanitation Coverage in the village: construction of toilets for all individual households; creation of awareness of sanitation; promotion of health and hygiene programmes in schools; encouragement of women empowerment; and strengthening of Self-Help Groups (SHG) for monitoring and implementation of the sanitation and social plans.

Hon'ble BJP National President, Shri Amit Shah, interacting with the women from Hirmathla village, which has been declared as an open defecation-free village

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks fgjeFkyk xk¡o dh efgykvksa ds fo"k; esa crkrs gq, MkWDVj ikBdA vkt] fgjeFkyk iw.kZr% [kqys esa 'kkSp ls eqDr gks pqdk gS vkSj vius {ks=k esa O;kogkfjd ifjorZu ykus ds fy, ,d ekWMy ds :i esa vofLFkr gS 33


fgjeFkyk %

[kqys esa 'kkSp ls eqDr ,d xk¡o dh xkFkk vkt ml xk¡o ds izR;sd ?kj esa 'kkSpky; gSA bl izdkj iwjk xk¡o [kqys esa 'kkSp ls eqDr gks pqdk gSA fgjeFkyk xk¡o ^fueZy xzke* ?kksf"kr gks pqdk gSA lqyHk&}kjk xk¡o esa iw.kZ LoPNrk ykbZ xbZ gS] izR;sd ?kj esa 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k_ LoPNrk ds izfr tu&tkxj.k ykuk] fo|ky; esa LokLF;&dk;ZØeksa dks izksRlkgu] efgyk&l'kDrhdj.k rFkk LoPNrk ,oa lkekftd dk;ZØeksa dks izksRlkgu 34

g

fj;k.kk ds esokr ftys esa fgjeFkyk ,d xk¡o gS] tgk¡ lqyHk&}kjk LoPNrk ds izfr yksxksa dks tkx:d djus dk vfHk;ku pyk;k x;kA blds lkFk gh ogk¡ ds izR;sd ?kj esa xk¡o ds lHkh fuokfl;ksa ds fy, 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k dk Hkh dk;Z fd;k x;kA bl o`gr~ dk;Z dks djus ds fy, lqyHk baVjus'kuy dks foÙkh; lgk;rk iznku dh ^jsy&Vsy dkWiksZjs'ku bafM;k fyfeVsM* us] ftlus vius dkWjiksjsV lkekftd nkf;Ro ds rgr] 100 O;fDrxr 'kkSpky;ksa ds fuekZ.k ds fy, èkujkf'k miyCèk djokbZA 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k ds dqy [kpZ esa x`g&Lokeh us viuh vksj ls 3000@& #i, yxk,] ckdh dk [kpZ 100 'kkSpky;ksa ds fy, jsy&Vsy dkiksZjs'ku bafM;k fyfeVsM ,oa 36 'kkSpky;ksa ds fy, lqyHk baVju'ksuy us fn;kA vkt ml xk¡o ds izR;sd ?kj esa 'kkSpky; gSA bl izdkj iwjk xk¡o [kqys esa 'kkSp ls eqDr gks pqdk gSA fgjeFkyk xk¡o ^fueZy xzke* ?kksf"kr gks pqdk gSA lqyHk&}kjk xk¡o esa iw.kZ LoPNrk ykbZ xbZ gS_ izR;sd ?kj esa 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k_ LoPNrk ds izfr tu&tkxj.k ykuk] fo|ky; esa LokLF;&dk;ZØeksa dks izksRlkgu] efgyk&l'kDrhdj.k rFkk LoPNrk ,oa lkekftd dk;ZØeksa dks izksRlkgu LoPNrk ,oa lkekftd dk;ZØeksa ds fØ;kUo;u ij fuxjkuh j[kus ds fy, lsYiQ&gsYi&xzqi cuk;k x;k] rkfd ukjh&l'kDrhdj.k dks c<+kok fey ldsA

Women from Hirmathla village presenting bouquet to Hon'ble BJP National President, Shri Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks xqynLrk nsrs gq, fgjeFkyk xk¡o dh efgyk,¡


Ludhiana:

Achieving Sanitation Milestone...

O

ver 600 million people in India defecate in the open posing serious health, security and environment threats. This, however, is about to change as sanitation experts and businesses join hands in their efforts to provide toilet to every house. Ludhiana district, in northern Indian state of Punjab, is one such example. Paramjit Kaur, 27, mother of three children, just had a toilet built in her house and described it as the most “exquisite” gift. With a monthly income of Rs. 6,000 ($90), her family had no means to build a modern toilet. Her family dwells in a tiny cluster with four other families also with no toilets: the semi-concrete houses adjoin a dusty motorway with fast moving lorries and cars.

Paramjit narrates how her life changed drastically, after a toilet was “gifted” to her: “I had to walk almost 2 kilometres taking three little children with bottles of water, just before the day-break crossing the highway far into the fields for relieving, so that no one could notice us.”

Paramjit narrates how her life changed drastically, after a toilet was “gifted” to her: “I had to walk almost 2 kilometres taking three little children with bottles of water, just before the day-break crossing the highway far into the fields for relieving, so that no one could notice us.” It was nightmarish and humiliating exercise as the owners of the nearby paddy farmlands would threaten and abuse them if they were caught defecating in their fields. There was a constant threat of snake and rodent bites, and also the fear of the criminal elements roaming in the dark.

This took a toll on the family’s health. “My children often fell sick with diarrhoea, cholera, fever, stomach infection or cold. We had high medical expenses almost every month. During winters, when we would get up early to meet the call of nature, we had to brave the chilly winds and the fog”, she recounts. Answering the call of nature was further difficult if any of the family members fell ill. That meant relieving nearby and disposing the poo 35


In rural Ludhiana, most households without toilets were seen owning television and refrigerators. The villagers say such articles can be bought by paying in instalments, but constructing a toilet is expensive and there are no financial arrangements to pay for it.

at a safer distance. There were other problems like children often getting late for school, which invited the ire of the teachers. A few months back, Bharti Foundation, the CSR arm of the Indian multi-national business conglomerate Bharti enterprise, offered to construct toilet for her and her neighbours free of cost. The project is part of Rs. 100 crore initiative with an aim to provide 12,000 toilets, covering 900 villages in Ludhiana district. The toilets are being built and maintained by Sulabh International, which has over four decades of experience in providing affordable two-pit flush toilets. Paramjit says the toilet in houses brought remarkable comfort and a greater sense of hygiene and good health in their lives. Her medical bills have sharply reduced and she is able to organize her household work in a better way, and her children are no longer late for school. Paramjit echoes the voice of 300 million women across India who do not have access to proper sanitation, and are often vulnerable to sexual harassment, assault, rape and voyeurism. In 2014, two young Dalit girls were raped, murdered and hanged to a tree in a village in north India, which evoked world-wide condemnation. Taking stock of the situation, the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in his first address to the nation from the ramparts of the historic Red Fort on Indiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Independence Day had called for a holistic action to end open defecation and vowed to make sanitation one of the priorities of his government. According to Sulabh Founder Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak, to achieve the goal the country needs to build around 12 crore toilets for which around Rs. 3,60,000 crore will be required. Dr. Pathak did not know how the government proposes to raise such a huge amount. The State governments want the amount for the construction of toilets to come from other sources, but not from their own budgets. The Government of India, through the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, meanwhile issued direction to all the companies with a net profit of over Rs. 5 crores to spend at least 2% of the annual profit on welfare measures, including sanitation. The public and private sector undertakings have already started taking up the projects and it is expected that Rs. 20,000 crore may come from their contributions.

36


In rural Ludhiana, most households without toilets were seen owning television sets and refrigerators. The villagers say such articles can be bought by paying in instalments, but constructing a toilet is expensive and there are no financial arrangements to pay for it. Dr. Pathak felt that bank loan to a beneficiary is the best way to finance the construction of toilets. It is both transparent and efficient. The government offers a subsidy of Rs. 12,000 for every household, which is not enough to construct a quality toilet. Further, it takes a lot of time for the money to trickle down through government’s complex machinery. If beneficiaries take loan they will have ownership of the toilets leading to behaviour change. Such experiments have been successful in Hirmathla village in Haryana, where the beneficiaries contributed Rs. 3,000 (10% of the amount) and the rest was paid through the CSR initiative of a stateowned corporation, Railtel, and by Sulabh International itself.

Families from Ludhiana, Punjab, welcoming with shawl Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah. Sulabh International has built toilets there and is maintaining them with the support from Bharti Foundation. Bharti Foundation was deeply motivated by the Prime Minister’s famous speech from the ramparts of the Red Fort in 2014 on Swachh Bharat, which prompted them to adopt Ludhiana District for providing toilet to each rural household

yqfèk;kuk] iatkc ls vk, ifjokjtuksa us Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks 'kkWy vks<+kdj mudk Lokxr fd;kA Hkkjrh iQkmaM's ku ds lg;ksx ls lqyHk us ;gk¡ 'kkSpky; cuok, gSa vkSj ns[k&Hkky Hkh dj jgk gSA 15 vxLr] 2014 dks ykyfdys ds izkphj ls ekuuh; izèkkuea=kh ds izfl¼ Hkk"k.k esa ^LoPN Hkkjr vfHk;ku* dh ?kks"k.kk ls izfs jr gksdj Hkkjrh iQkmaM's ku us yqfèk;kuk ftys dks xksn ysdj yxHkx 100 djksM+ #i, ls vfèkd [kpZ dj ogk¡ ds xzkeh.k {ks=kksa ds izR;sd ?kj esa 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k djkus dh ;kstuk ij dk;Z fd;k gS

37


yqfèk;kuk %

LoPNrk dh fn'kk esa ehy ds iRFkj dh LFkkiuk

yq

fèk;kuk] iatkc ls vk, ifjokjtuksa us Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks 'kkWy vks<+kdj mudk Lokxr fd;kA Hkkjrh iQkmaMs'ku ds lg;ksx ls lqyHk us ;gk¡ 'kkSpky; cuok, gSa vkSj ns[k&Hkky Hkh dj jgk gSA 15 vxLr] 2014 dks ykyfdys ds izkphj ls ekuuh; izèkkuea=kh ds izfl¼ Hkk"k.k esa ^LoPN Hkkjr vfHk;ku* dh ?kks"k.kk ls izsfjr gksdj Hkkjrh iQkmaMs'ku us yqfèk;kuk ftys dks xksn ysdj yxHkx 100 djksM+ #i, ls vfèkd [kpZ dj ogk¡ ds xzkeh.k {ks=kksa ds izR;sd ?kj esa 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k djkus dh ;kstuk ij dk;Z fd;k gSA

ijethr crkrh gSa fd fdl izdkj ,d 'kkSpky; ^migkj* esa ikdj mudh ftanxh cny xbZ] ^eq>s [ksrksa esa 'kkSp tkus ds fy, laè;kdky ls iwoZ gkbZos dks ikj djrs gq, rhu cPpksa ds lkFk ikuh dh cksrysa fy, yxHkx 2 fd-eh- pyuk iM+rk Fkk] rkfd gesa dksbZ ns[k u lds*

Hkkjr esa 60 djksM+ ls Hkh vfèkd yksx [kqys esa 'kkSp djrs gSa] tks LokLF;] lqj{kk vkSj i;kZoj.k ds fy, xaHkhj :i ls [krjukd gS] ysfdu ;g fLFkfr vc cnyusokyh gS_ D;ksafd ns'k ds LoPNrk&fo'ks"kK vkSj O;olk;h ,d lkFk feydj izR;sd ?kj esa 'kkSpky; miyCèk djkus ds fy, iz;kljr gSaA

mÙkj Hkkjrh; jkT; iatkc dk yqfèk;kuk ftyk bldk ,d mnkgj.k gSA rhu cPpksa dh ek¡ vkSj 27 o"khZ;k Jherh ijethr dkSj ds ?kj esa vHkh&vHkh 'kkSpky; cuk gS vkSj og bls vius thou dk loksZRd`"V migkj crkrh gSaA 6]000@& #i, ekfld osru ikusokys bl ifjokj ds ikl vkèkqfud 'kkSpky; cuokus dk dksbZ lkèku ugha FkkA mudk ifjokj vU; pkj ifjokjksa ds lkFk ,d NksVh&lh cLrh esa jgrk gS] tgk¡ ,d Hkh 'kkSpky; ugha FkkA ijethr crkrh gSa fd fdl izdkj ,d 'kkSpky; ^migkj* esa ikdj mudh ftanxh cny xbZ] ^eq>s [ksrksa esa 'kkSp tkus ds fy, laè;kdky ls iwoZ gkbZos dks ikj djrs gq, rhu cPpksa ds lkFk ikuh dh cksrysa fy, yxHkx 2 fd-eh- pyuk iM+rk Fkk] rkfd gesa dksbZ ns[k u ldsA* mUgksaus dgk fd ^;g ,d Hk;kud vkSj 'keZukd dk;Z Fkk] ;fn ikl ds èkku ds [ksrksa ds ekfyd vius [ksrksa esa 'kkSp djrs ns[k ysrs Fks rks mUgsa èkedkrs vkSj xkfy;k¡ nsrs FksA lk¡i rFkk vU; tkuojksa dk [krjk rks ges'kk cuk gh jgrk Fkk] blds lkFk gh vaèksjs esa ?kweus okys vlkekftd rÙoksa dk Hkh Hk; cuk jgrk FkkA* ifjokj ds LokLF; ij bldk cqjk vlj iM+rk FkkA og ;kn djrh gS] ^esjs cPps izk;% gh nLr] gStk] cq[kkj] isV dh leL;kvksa rFkk BaM ls ihfM+r jgrs FksA gesa yxHkx gj

38


ijethr Hkkjr dh mu 30 djksM+ efgykvksa dh vkokt cu pqdh gSa] ftuds ikl mfpr LoPNrk&lqfoèkk,¡ ugha gSa vkSj os vDlj ;kSu&mRihM+u] ekjihV] cykRdkj bR;kfn dh f'kdkj gksrh gSaA ekuuh; izèkkuea=h Jh ujsUæ eksnh us Lora=rk&fnol ds volj ij ,sfrgkfld ykyfdys ds izkphj ls jk"Vª ds uke vius lacksèku esa [kqys esa 'kkSp dks [kRe djus ds fy, ,d lexz dk;Zokgh dk vkg~oku fd;k rFkk LoPNrk dks viuh ljdkj dh izkFkfedrkvksa esa ls ,d cukus dh Bkuh ekg fpfdRlk ij dkiQh vfèkd [kpZ djuk iM+rk FkkA lfnZ;ksa ds nkSjku] tc ge 'kkSp tkus ds fy, lqcg mBrs Fks rks gesa lnZ gokvksa rFkk dksgjs dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk FkkA ^vxj ifjokj dk dksbZ lnL; chekj gks rks mlds fy, 'kkSp tkuk vkSj Hkh dfBu gks tkrk FkkA bldk eryc Fkk] ikl esa gh 'kkSp tkuk rFkk ,d fuf'pr nwjh ij mldk lqjf{kr fuiVku djukA [kqys esa 'kkSp ls vU; leL;k,¡ Hkh Fkha] tSls cPps vDlj nsj ls Ldwy igq¡prs Fks] ftl dkj.k f'k{kd ukjkt gksrs FksA* yxHkx o"kZ&Hkj iwoZ Hkkjr dh cgqjk"Vªh; daiuh Hkkjrh baVjizkbtst ds lh-,l-vkj- foHkkx Hkkjrh iQkmaMs'ku us yqfèk;kuk ftys ds gj ?kj esa fu%'kqYd 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k dk izLrko j[kkA ;g ifj;kstuk 100 djksM+ #i, dh gS] ftldk y{; ;gk¡ ds 900 xk¡oksa esa 12]000 ls vfèkd 'kkSpky; miyCèk djkuk gSA bu 'kkSpky;ksa dk fuekZ.k ,oa j[k&j[kko lqyHk baVjus'kuy&}kjk fd;k tk jgk gS] tks LoPNrk ds {ks=k esa oSf'od Lrj ij izfl¼ ,d xSj&ljdkjh laxBu gS] ftls pkj n'kdksa ls Hkh vfèkd le; ls ykxr izHkkoh Vw fiV iksj Ýy'k 'kkSpky; miyCèk djkus dk vuqHko gSA ijethr dgrh gSa fd 'kkSpky; gekjs thou esa vlkèkkj.k lqfoèkk vkSj csgrj LokLF; ysdj vk;k gSA ?kj esa lqyHk 'kkSpky; cu tkus ls mudk fpfdRlh; [kpZ cgqr rsth ls ?kVk gS vkSj vc og vius ?kjsyw dk;ks± dks csgrj rjhds ls fuiVkus esa leFkZ gSaA bruk gh ugha] vc muds cPps Hkh nsj ls Ldwy ugha igq¡prs gSaA ijethr Hkkjr dh mu 30 djksM+ efgykvksa dh vkokt cu pqdh gSa] ftuds ikl mfpr LoPNrk&lqfoèkk,¡ ugha gSa vkSj os vDlj ;kSu&mRihM+u] ekjihV] cykRdkj bR;kfn dh f'kdkj gksrh gSaA ekuuh; izèkkuea=kh Jh ujsUæ eksnh us Lora=krk&fnol ds volj ij ,sfrgkfld ykyfdys ds izkphj ls jk"Vª ds uke vius lacksèku esa [kqys esa 'kkSp dks [kRe djus ds fy, ,d lexz dk;Zokgh dk vkg~oku fd;k rFkk LoPNrk dks viuh ljdkj dh izkFkfedrkvksa esa ls ,d cukus dh BkuhA lqyHk baVjus'kuy ds laLFkkid rFkk lekt'kkL=kh MkW- foUns'oj ikBd dgrs gSa] ^Hkkjro"kZ esa [kqys esa 'kkSp ls eqfDr dk y{; gkfly djus ds fy, yxHkx 12 djksM+ 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k dh vko';drk gS] ftlesa rdjhcu 3]60]000@& djksM+ #i, [kpZ gksaxsA* MkWDVj ikBd dgrs gSa] ^;g Li"V ugha gS fd ljdkj ;g jkf'k fdl izdkj tqVk,xhA jkT;&ljdkjsa pkgrh gSa fd 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k dh jkf'k vU; lzksrksa ls izkIr gks] ysfdu [kqn muds ctV ls ughaA Hkkjr&ljdkj us dkWiksZjsV ekeyksa ds ea=kky; ds tfj, 5 djksM+ ;k mlls vfèkd 'kq¼ ykHk vftZr djusokyh daifu;ksa dks ;g funsZ'k tkjh fd;k fd os vius okf"kZd ykHk dk de&ls&de 2 izfr'kr dY;k.kdkjh dk;ks± ij [kpZ djsa] ftuesa LoPNrk Hkh 'kkfey dh tk,A* 39


yqfèk;kuk ds xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa vfèkdrj ?kjksa esa 'kkSpky; ugha Fks] ysfdu Vsyhfotu vkSj fÝt FksA xzkeh.k dgrs gSa fd ^;s phtsa rks fd'rksa ij yh tk ldrh gSa] ysfdu 'kkSpky; dk fuekZ.k [kphZyk gS vkSj blds Hkqxrku dh dksbZ foÙkh; O;oLFkk ugha gS* MkWDVj ikBd crkrs gSa] ^lkoZtfud vkSj futh {ks=k ds miØeksa us bu ifj;kstukvksa dk vkjaHk dj fn;k gS vkSj ,slh vk'kk gS fd muds lg;ksx ls 20]000@& djksM+ #i, izkIr gks ldrs gSa_ ysfdu vHkh cgqr dqN fd;k tkuk ckdh gSA* yqfèk;kuk ds xzkeh.k {ks=kksa esa vfèkdrj ?kjksa esa 'kkSpky; ugha Fks_ ysfdu Vsyhfotu vkSj fizQt FksA xzkeh.k dgrs gSa fd ^;s phtsa rks fd'rksa ij yh tk ldrh gSa] ysfdu 'kkSpky; dk fuekZ.k [kphZyk gS vkSj blds Hkqxrku dh dksbZ foÙkh; O;oLFkk ugha gSA* MkWDVj ikBd dgrs gSa fd ^'kkSpky; ds fuekZ.k esa ykHkkFkhZ dks cSad ls izkIr dtZ lcls vPNh foÙkh; lgk;rk gSA ;g ikjn'khZ ,oa csgrj gSA ljdkj izR;sd ?kj dks 12]000@& #i, dh lfClMh iznku djrh gS] tks ,d cf<+;k 'kkSpky; ds fuekZ.k ds fy, vi;kZIr gSA lkFk gh ljdkjh ra=kksa ls èku izkIr djus esa dkiQh yack oDr yxrk gSA ^;fn ykHkkFkhZ dtZ ysrs gSa rks muds ikl 'kkSpky;ksa dk LokfeRo jgsxk] ftlls O;kogkfjd ifjorZu gksaxsA* fnYyh ls 60 fd-eh- nwj gfj;k.kk ds fgjeFkyk xk¡o esa ,sls iz;ksx liQy gq, gSaA ;gk¡ ykHkkfFkZ;ksa us 3]000@& #i, dk ;ksxnku fn;k (jkf'k dk 10 izfr'kr) vkSj 'ks"k jkf'k jkT; ds LokfeRo okys jsy&Vsy dkiksZjs'ku ds lh ,l vkj&foHkkx rFkk Lo;a lqyHk baVjus'kuy&}kjk vnk dh xbZA

Women from Ludhiana, Punjab presenting bouquet to Hon’ble BJP National President, Shri Amit Shah

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg th dks iQwyksa dk xqynLrk nsrs gq, yqf/;kuk] iatkc dh efgyk 40


Welcome by the associate members from different Sulabh State Branches to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah, during his visit to the Sulabh Gram

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ds lqyHk&vkxeu ds volj ij lqyHk dh fofHkUu jkT;&'kk[kkvksa ls vk, lnL;ksa us mudk vfHkoknu fd;k

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri P.C. Gupta, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh vkaèkz izn's k jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh ih-lh- xqIrk us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

41


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Dr. Saroj Kumar Thakur, Hony. Advisor, Sulabh International, Assam State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh vle jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun lykgdkj MkW- ljkst dqekj Bkdqj us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Piyush Kumar, Hony. Incharge, Sulabh International, Sulabh Suvidha Kendra, Andaman Nicobar State Branch, with a framed photo symbol of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh vaMeku&fudksckj ds ekun izHkkjh Jh ih;w"k dqekj us vaMeku&fudksckj&}hiksa dh iQksVks&izQs e HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k 42


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Dr. B.N. Jha, Senior Advisor, Sulabh International, Bihar State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh fcgkj jkT;&'kk[kk ds ofj"B lykgdkj MkW- ch-,u- >k us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Dr. Hemlata Shekhawat, Director, International Academy of Environmental Sanitation and Public Health and SRIJANI along with some associate members of the Academy, Bihar State Branch, by presenting bouquets and shawls

baVjus'kuy ,dsMeh vkWiQ ,UokWbjUesVa y lSfuVs'ku ,sM a ifCyd gsYFk rFkk ^l`tuh* dh funs'kd MkW- gseyrk 'ks[kkor ,oa muds dqN lkgp;Z lnL;ksa ds lkFk xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr djrh gqb±

43


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Sanjeev Kumar Chaudhary, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Chhattisgarh State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh NÙkhlx<+ jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh latho dqekj pkSèkjh us Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj mudk Lokxr fd;k

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Rakesh Chandra, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Delhi and NCR State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh fnYyh ,oa ,u~-lh-vkj- 'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh jkds'k paæk us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k 44


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Sunil Kumar Singh, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Gujarat State Branch, by presenting bouquet, shawl and memento

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh xqtjkr jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh lquhy dqekj flag us xqynLrk] 'kkWy ,oa Le`fr&fpg~u HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k 45


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Sushil Kumar, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Goa State Branch, by presenting bouquet and Ganesh idol

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh xksok jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh lq'khy dqekj us Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks xqynLrk ,oa Hkxoku~ Jhx.ks'k dh izfrek HksVa dj mudk Lokxr fd;k

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Bharat Kumar Singh, Deputy Controller, Sulabh International, Himachal Pradesh State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh fgekpy izn's k jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun mifu;a=kd Jh Hkjr dqekj flag us xqynLrk vkSj 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k 46


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Pramod Kumar Singh, Hony. Deputy Controller, Sulabh International, Haryana State Branch, by presenting bouquet, shawl and a religious book

gfj;k.kk jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun mifu;a=kd Jh izeksn dqekj flag us xqynLrk] 'kkWy rFkk èkkfeZd iqLrd HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk vfHkoknu fd;k

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Anil Kumar Singh, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Jammu State Branch, by presenting bouquet, shawl and framed photo of 'Maa Vaishno Devi'

tEew&d'ehj jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh vfuy dqekj flag us xqynLrk ,oa ek¡ oS".kks nsoh dk iQksVks&izQes HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

47


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Jai Prakash Jha, Hony. Dy. Controller, Sulabh International, Jharkhand State Branch, by presenting bouquet, shawl and memento of Lord Birsa Munda, Mahanayak of Tribals

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh >kj[kaM jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun mifu;a=kd Jh t;izdk'k >k us xqynLrk] 'kkWy ,oa vkfnoklh&leqnk; ds egkuk;d fcjlk eqM a k dk Le`fr&fpg~u HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri M. Vishwanath, Hony. Dy. Controller, Sulabh International, Karnataka State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh dukZVd jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun mifu;a=kd Jh ,e- fo'oukFk us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k 48


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Bimal Kumar Jha, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Kerala State Branch, by presenting bouquet and Ganesh idol

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh dsjy jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh foey dqekj >k us 'kkWy vks<+k dj vkSj xqynLrk rFkk Jhx.ks'k dh izfrek HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Anil Kumar Jha, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Madhya Pradesh State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh eè; izn's k jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh vfuy dqekj >k us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k 49


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Vinod Kumar Sharma, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Rajasthan State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh jktLFkku jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh fouksn dqekj 'kekZ us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k 50


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Nirmal Kumar Singh, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Maharashtra State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh egkjk"Vª jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh fueZy dqekj flag us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k 51


Shri S.S. Kini, Chief Architect, Sulabh International, Maharashtra State Branch, presenting a framed photo of the world's largest toilet complex at Pandharpur, Maharashtra, to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh egkjk"Vª jkT;&'kk[kk ds phQ vkfdZVsDV Jh ,l-,l- fduh us Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks ia<jiqj] egkjk"Vª esa fufeZr fo'o ds lcls cM+s 'kkSpky;&ifjlj dk QksVks&Ýse migkj&Lo:i HksaV fd;k

52


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Anand Shekhar Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Odisha State Branch, by presenting bouquet and Ganesh idol

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh vksfM'kk jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh vkuan 'ks[kj us xqynLrk ,oa Hkxoku~ Jhx.ks'k dh izfrek HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

53


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri A.K. Singh, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Punjab State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh iatkc jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh ,-ds- flag us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk vfHkoknu fd;k 54


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Surendra Mishra, Hony. Incharge, Sikkim State Branch by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh flfDde jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun izHkkjh Jh lqjnas z feJk us 'kkWy vks<+k dj vkSj xqynLrk rFkk Hkxoku~ Jhx.ks'k dh izfrek HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Jibachh Kumar Jha, Hony. Dy. Controller, Sulabh International, Tamil Nadu State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh rfeyukMq jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun mifu;a=kd Jh thcN dqekj >k us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Smt. G. Srividya Ganapathy, Hony. Dy. Controller, Sivagangai unit, by presenting bouquet

lqyHk baVjus'kuy f'koxaxs bdkbZ dh ekun mifu;a=kd Jherh th- Jhfo|k x.kifr us xqynLrk HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

55


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Ramesh Kumar Jha, Hony. Dy. Controller, Sulabh International, Tripura State Branch, by presenting bouquet, shawl and Lord of Tripura

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh f=kiqjk jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun mifu;a=kd Jh jes'k dqekj >k us xqynLrk] 'kkWy rFkk f=kiqjk nsoh dh izfrek HksaV dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

56


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Fateh Bahadur Singh, Hony. Dy. Controller, Uttar Pradesh State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh vkxjk bdkbZ ds ekun mifu;a=kd Jh iQrsg cgknqj flag us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Sudhanshu, Hony. Deputy Controller, Allahabad Unit, by presenting bouquet

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh bykgkckn bdkbZ ds ekun mifu;a=kd Jh lq/ka'kq us xqynLrk HksVa dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

57


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Satish Kumar Patel, Hony. Controller, Sulabh International, Uttarakhand State Branch, by presenting bouquet and shawl

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh mÙkjk[kaM jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh lrh'k dqekj iVsy us xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksaV dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

58


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by Shri Vijay Kumar Jha, Hony. Controller, West Bengal State Branch, by presenting bouquet, shawl and Maa Durga idol

if'pe caxky jkT;&'kk[kk ds ekun fu;a=kd Jh fot; dqekj >k us xqynLrk] 'kkWy rFkk ek¡ nqxkZ dh izfrek HksaV dj Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk Lokxr fd;k

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60


A group photograph with the Hony. Controllers of the State Branches of Sulabh

lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh jkT;&'kk[kkvksa ds ekun fu;a=kdksa ,oa lkgp;Z lnL;ksa ds lkFk Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg] lqyHk&laLFkkid MkW- foUns'oj ikBd ,oa muds ifjokj ds yksx 61


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah keenly watching the treated water taken out from the Sulabh Effluent Treatment Plant

lqyHk ,Ýyq,Va VªhVesVa IykaV&}kjk 'kksfèkr ty dks xkSj ls ns[krs Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 62


Sulabh Effluent Treatment Plant:

Eco-friendly Innovation

A

nother technology developed by Sulabh is the Sulabh Effluent Treatment Plant wherein effluents from public toilets become odourless, colourless and pathogen-free. This concept of recycling is based on the fact that the water in the system is purified through Ultra Violet (UV) rays and such water is free from pathogens and bacteria. The Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) is less than 10 per milligram per litre in the treated water, making it safe to be used for horticulture or discharge into river bodies. Dr. Pathak thus developed the human waste treatment system in its entirety to dispose it locally, without the need of costly sewage treatment plants, etc. Recognizing this, the BBC Horizons has declared the Sulabh technologies as one of five unique inventions of the world.

Dr. Pathak thus developed the human waste treatment system in its entirety to dispose it locally, without the need of costly sewage treatment plants, etc. Recognizing this, the BBC Horizons has declared the Sulabh technologies as one of five unique inventions of the world.

63


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah, being briefed by Dr. Pathak, on the working of the Sulabh Effluent Treatment Plant, and how the treated water is made pathogen-free and safely used for floriculture and horticulture

MkW- foUns'oj ikBd us Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks lqyHk ,Ýyq,Va VªhVesVa IykaV dh tkudkjh nhA mUgksua s crk;k fd lkoZtfud 'kkSpky; ls fu%l`r vity dks fdl izdkj mipkfjr dj ty jksxk.kq&eqDr fd;k tkrk gS] tks ckxckuh ds fy, loZFkk mi;qDr gS 64


lqyHk ,Ýyq,aV VªhVesaV IykaV %

i;kZoj.k ds fgr esa ,d uohu vkfo"dkj

lq

yHk }kjk fodflr ,d VsDukWyth ^lqyHk ,Ýyq,aV VªhVesaV IykaV* Hkh gS] ftlesa lkoZtfud 'kkSpky;ksa ls fu%l`r vity 'kksfèkr gksdj nqx±èkghu] jaxghu ,oa jksxk.kq&eqDr gks tkrk gSA iqujko`fÙk dk ;g fl¼kar bl rF; ij vkèkkfjr gS fd ;g ty ijkcSaxuh fdj.kksa }kjk 'kksfèkr fd;k tkrk gS vkSj bl izdkj ;g ty jksxk.kq ,oa cSDVhfj;k ls eqDr gks tkrk gSA bl 'kksfèkr ty esa ck;ksdsfedy vkWDlhtu fMekaM 10 feyhxzke izfr yhVj ls de gksrk gS] tks [kkn ds :i esa loZFkk mi;qDr gS vkSj bls fdlh Hkh ty&lzksr esa NksM+k tk ldrk gS] D;ksafd blls iznw"k.k dk dksbZ Hkh [krjk ugha gksrk gSA bl izdkj MkWDVj ikBd us LFkkuh; Lrj ij gh iw.kZ :i ls ekuo&vif'k"V&fuiVku dh ,slh iz.kkyh fodflr dh] ftlesa eg¡xs lhost&la;a=kksa vkfn dh vko';drk ugha gksrh gSA bls ekU;rk nsrs gq, ch-ch-lh- gksjkbtUl us lqyHk&rduhd dks vkèkqfud fo'o ds ik¡p vn~Hkqr vkfo"dkjksa esa ,d ?kksf"kr fd;k gSA

MkWDVj ikBd us LFkkuh; Lrj ij gh iw.kZ :i ls ekuo&vif'k"V&fuiVku dh ,slh iz.kkyh fodflr dh] ftlesa eg¡xs lhost&la;a=ksa vkfn dh vko';drk ugha gSA bls ekU;rk nsrs gq, ch-ch-lh- gksjkbtUl us lqyHk&rduhd dks vkèkqfud fo'o ds ik¡p vn~Hkqr vkfo"dkjksa esa ,d ?kksf"kr fd;k gS

65


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah lighting the mantle lamp, which uses biogas from the Sulabh Toilet Complex, as the source of energy

esVa y&ySia tykrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkgA ;g lqyHk lkoZtfud 'kkSpky;&ifjlj ls tqM+s ck;ksxl S &la;=a k&}kjk mRikfnr ck;ksxl S ls tyrk gS] tks ÅtkZ dk ,d lzkrs gS

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah, watching a demonstration of the Sulabh biogas which is being used for warming oneself during the winter season

lqyHk ck;ksxl S &la;=a k ls mRikfnr ck;ksxl S ds ,d iz;ksx dk voyksdu djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg] bl xSl dk iz;ksx lfnZ;kas esa vkx rkius ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS 66


Dr. Pathak explaining to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah, the generation of electricity from biogas produced by the Sulabh Biogas Plant linked to the Sulabh Public Toilet. This can also be used for street lighting as was done in Patna

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks lqyHk lkoZtfud 'kkSpky; ls tqM+s lqyHk ck;ksxl S &la;=a k&}kjk mRikfnr ck;ksxl S &vk/kfjr fctyh dh izfØ;k dh tkudkjh nsrs gq, lqyHk&laLFkkid MkWDVj ikBdA bldk iz;ksx xfy;ksa esa jks'kuh ds fy, Hkh fd;k tk ldrk gS] tSlk fd iVuk] fcgkj esa fd;k x;k Fkk

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah frying papad at the Sulabh kitchen, where the biogas from the Sulabh toilet complex is used for cooking. It is more economical than conventional gas

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg us lqyHk ds jlksb?Z kj esa ikiM+ Hkh rykA ;gk¡ lqyHk 'kkSpky;&ifjlj ls fu%l`r ck;ksxl S dk iz;ksx [kkuk cukus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA ;g ikjaifjd xSl dh rqyuk esa vfèkd fdiQk;rh gS

67


Cashless Banega India

(www.cashlessbanegaindia.com)

Dr.

Bindeshwar Pathak, founder of the Sulabh Sanitation Movement, is dedicating this booklet to Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modiji’s innovative idea of a cashless society. When developed countries like the United Kingdom have set 2020 as target to turn cashless, our Prime Minister has already initiated this idea in 2016.

• There are many advantages in online banking. • Online banking allows you to bypass bank lines. • You can conduct your banking transactions safely and securely without leaving the comfort of your home. Also, you’ll have easy access to your online statements. • You can monitor your transactions and make sure that your balance statement is correct. • Online banking makes it possible for you to pay your bills electronically. • You can schedule a single payment or you can set up recurring payments. • You can also see when your payment will arrive. • Some services offer features like balance alerts. • These alerts will help you monitor your accounts and avoid fees. • You can even set up alerts to keep up on account activity. • Some standard alerts include transaction alerts, and bill pay alerts. Since many new 'online only' banks are popping up, understanding how to access your accounts online is an important tool.

68

Dr. Pathak is glad to say that Shri Narendra Modi’s vision is ahead of time. The perspicacious vision of the Prime Minister in initiating and propagating this concept will enhance and enrich the economy and lead the nation on a growth trajectory which will uplift every citizen in a developed and happy country in a few years. When Dr. Pathak started the Sulabh project in the year 1968, everybody thought that it will not happen. But today it is a reality. Many of us lead a busy life. Some of us are awake before the crack of dawn, getting ourselves prepared for our daily routine. We take our children to school and then rush to work place and at the end of the day get back home only to brace ourselves for the next day. After a hectic day, the last thing what we want to do is to spend time waiting in the queue at the bank, or even at the post office. That is where the online banking comes in.


dS'kysl cusxk bafM;k

(www.cashlessbanegaindia.com)

MkW-

ikBd ;g iqfLrdk ekuuh; iz/kuea=kh Jh ujsUnz eksnh ds dS'kysl vfHk;ku ds uoizorZd fopkj dks lefiZr dj jgs gSaA tgk¡ ;wukbVsM fdaxMe&tSls fodflr ns'kksa us 2020 rd dS'kysl cuus dk y{; r; fd;k gS] ogha gekjs iz/kuea=kh th us bl fopkj dh 'kq#vkr 2016 esa gh dj nh gSA eq>s ;g dgrs gq, izlUurk gS fd ujsUnz eksnh th dh nwjn`f"V le; ls vkxs gSA ;g lksp lkdkj djus vkSj vkxs c<+kus dk gekjs iz/kuea=kh th dk nwjxkeh n`f"Vdks.k] vFkZO;oLFkk esa o`f¼ djrs gq, mls le`¼ cuk,xk vkSj ns'k dks fodkl ds ,sls iFk dh vksj ys tk,xk] ftlls vkWuykbu cSfa dax ds dbZ Qk;ns gS&a dqN gh o"kksZa esa ,d fodflr vkSj [kq'kgky ns'k esa • vkWuykbu cSfa dax vkidks cSd a dh drkjksa ls cpkrh gSA izR;sd ukxfjd dk mRFkku gksxkA •

• • • • • • • • •

vki viuk cSd a &lac/a kh ysunsu vkjke ls vius ?kj ls gh iwjh rjg lqjf{kr :i ls dj ldrs gSAa lkFk gh vius vkWuykbu fooj.kksa rd vkidh igqpa vklku gksrh gSA vki vius ysunsu dh fuxjkuh dj ldrs gSa vkSj lqfuf'pr dj ldrs gSa fd vkids cSyl as dh tkudkjh lgh gSA vkWuykbu cSfa dax us vkids fcyksa dk vki }kjk bysDVªkfW ud Hkqxrku laHko cuk fn;k gSA vki dksbZ ,d Hkqxrku fu/kkZfjr dj ldrs gSa ;k ckj&ckj Hkqxrku r; dj ldrs gSAa vki ;g Hkh ns[k ldrs gSa fd vkidk Hkqxrku dc vk,xkA dqN lsok,a cSyl as vyVZ&tSlh lqfo/kk,¡ iznku djrh gSAa ;s vyVZ vius [kkrksa dh fuxjkuh djus vkSj 'kqYd ls cpus esa vkidh enn djsxa As vki viuh [kkrk xfrfof/k;ksa ij utj j[kus ds fy, Hkh vyVZ lsV dj ldrs gSAa dqN ekud vyVZ esa ysu&nsu vyVZ vkSj fcy is vyVZ 'kkfey gSAa pwfa d dbZ u, dsoy&vkWuykbu cSd a vk jgs gSa blfy, vius [kkrksa rd vkWuykbu igapq ds ckjs esa lh[kuk vko';d gks x;k gSA

o"kZ 1968 esa tc eSaus lqyHk dh 'kq#vkr dh Fkh rks gj dksbZ dgrk Fkk fd ;g gks ugha ik,xk] ysfdu vkt ;g gks jgk gSA geesa ls cgqr yksxksa dk thou cgqr gh O;Lr gSA geesa ls dqN ikS iQVus ls igys gh mB tkrs gSa] ge Lo;a dks rS;kj djrs gSa] rkfd ge fnu ds fy, ,d ds ckn ,d vius ifjtuksa dks rS;kj dj ldsaA gesa vius dke ds fy, tYnckth jgrh gS] Ldwy ds fy, cPpksa dks rS;kj djus esa tYnckth jgrh gS vkSj fnu [kRe gksrs&gksrs gesa dsoy vxys fnu ds fy, [kqn dks rS;kj djus dh fpark jgrh gSA O;Lr fnu ds ckotwn cSad ;k Mkd?kj dh drkj esa bartkj djrs gq, le; fcrkuk vkf[kjh dke ds :i esa vkidk bartkj djrk gSA ;gh ij vkWuykbu cSafdx dh Hkwfedk 'kq: gksrh gSA

69


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah inaugurating the 'SBI Buddy' app at the Sulabh Community Toilet Complex

lqyHk 'kkSpky;&ifjlj esa Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ^,lchvkbZ cMh* ,i dk mn~?kkVu djrs gq,

70


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah scanning the 'SBI Buddy' code before entering the Sulabh Community Toilet Complex

lqyHk 'kkSpky;&ifjlj esa izo's k ls igys Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ^,lchvkbZ cMh* ,i ds }kjk dksM dks LdSu djrs gq,

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah scanning the 'SBI Buddy' code which is being explained by Mrs. Aarti Arora, Hony. Vice President, Sulabh International

lqyHk 'kkSpky;&ifjlj esa izo's k ls igys Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ^,lchvkbZ cMh* dksM dks LdSu djrs gq,A bl dk;Z esa mudh enn djrh gqb± lqyHk baVjus'kuy dh ekun mikè;{k Jherh vkjrh vjksM+k 71


Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah, uses the 'SBI Buddy' code, before entering the Sulabh Community Toilet Complex

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ^,lchvkbZ cMh* dk iz;ksx dj lqyHk 'kkSpky;&ifjlj esa izo's k djrs gq,

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah entering the Sulabh Community Toilet Complex after using the 'SBI Buddy' app, thus fulfilling the dream of Hon'ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi's, 'Cashless Banega India'

ekuuh; izèkkuea=kh Jh ujsUæ eksnh dk liuk ^dS'kysl cusxk bafM;k* iwjk djus ds fy, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ^,lchvkbZ cMh* dksM dks LdSu dj lqyHk 'kkSpky;&ifjlj esa izo's k djrs gq, 72


Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah visiting the Sulabh Community Toilet Complex at Mahavir Enclave, New Delhi

ubZ fnYyh ds egkohj bUdyso&fLFkr lqyHk lkoZtfud 'kkSpky; dk fujh{k.k djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

73


Sulabh Purified Water ATM:

An innovative initiative for community service

T

he Sulabh Purified Drinking Water is the latest technological initiative of Sulabh. Impure water from rivers, ponds, wells, water bodies and taps is purified using Sulabh technology; the treated water becomes safe for human consumption. Sulabh has installed water treatment plants at six sites of West Bengal— Madhusudankati in North 24 Parganas, Murshidabad, Mayapur in Nadia, Suvasgram in South 24 Parganas, ISKON Haridaspur in North 24 Parganas and Chaksultan in West Midnapur. Raw water is drawn from the river Ganga in Mayapur and Murshidabad, while in Madhusudankati it is taken from a local pond. In Haridaspur, Sulabh is bottling purified water which Chaksultan and Mirzapur, (West Midnapur) it is taken from well. After its treatment at the Sulabh Water Treatment Plant, the water is known as Sulabh Safe Drinking Water. becomes purified and absolutely safe for drinking.

It is available for 50 paise per litre in West Bengal

Sulabh is bottling this water which is known as Sulabh Safe Drinking Water. It is available for 50 paise per litre in West Bengal. At the entrance of the Sulabh Gram in New Delhi, such purified water is available for Re 1 per litre at the Sulabh Water ATM.

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah using the Sulabh Water ATM facility installed at the entrance of the Sulabh Gram in New Delhi

ubZ fnYyh&fLFkr lqyHk&xzke ds izo's k& }kj ds lehi yxs ^lqyHk okWVj ,Vh,e* dk iz;ksx djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

74


if'pe caxky esa lqyHk LoPN is;ty la;a=k vkSj egkohj bUDyso] ubZ fnYyh esa lqyHk okWVj ,-Vh-,e~-

^lq

yHk 'kq¼ is;ty* lqyHk dk v|ru vkfo"dkj gSA lqyHk&rduhd ls unh] rkykc] dqvksa] ty&fudk;ksa rFkk uy ls izkIr vLoPN ty dks lkiQ dj ekuo&mi;ksx ds fy, lqjf{kr fd;k tkrk gSA ,sls Ng 'kksèku&;a=k if'pe caxky ds 24 ijxuk (mÙkj ,oa nf{k.k)] ufn;k] eqf'kZnkckn ,oa if'pe fenukiqj ftyksa esa dk;Zjr gSaA ek;kiqj vkSj eqf'kZnkckn esa 'kksèku ds fy, xaxk&unh ls ty fy;k tkrk gS] tcfd eèkqlwnudkrh esa ,d LFkkuh; rkykc lsA gfjnkliqj] pkdlqYrku rFkk fejtkiqj (if'pe fenukiqj) esa dqvksa ls ikuh fy;k tkrk gSA lqyHk&rduhd ls 'kksfèkr xaxk&unh ,oa rkykc dk ty bl Lrj rd 'kq¼ gks tkrk gS fd og loZFkk is;ty ds :i esa mi;qDr gksrk gSA lqyHk lqjf{kr is;ty uked bl ty dks cksry can dj laLFkk&}kjk bls ek=k 50 'kksfèkr xaxk&unh ,oa rkykc iSls izfr yhVj ds ewY; ij tulkèkkj.k dks miyCèk rd 'kq) gks tkrk gS fd og djk;k tkrk gSA

lqyHk&rduhd ls dk ty bl Lrj loZFkk is;ty ds :i esa mi;qDr gksrk gSA lqyHk lqjf{kr is;ty uked bl ty dks cksry can dj laLFkk&}kjk bls ek= 50 iSls izfr yhVj ds ewY; ij tulkèkkj.k dks miyCèk djk;k tkrk gS

egkohj bUDyso] ubZ fnYyh&fLFkr lqyHk&ifjlj ds izos'k&}kj ds lehi ^lqyHk okWVj ,-Vh-,e~-* ds }kjk ;g is;ty ,d #i, izfr yhVj dh nj ls miyCèk djk;k tkrk gSA

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah watching the operation of the Sulabh Purified Water ATM installed at the entrance of the Sulabh Gram

ubZ fnYyh&fLFkr lqyHk&xzke ds izo's k&}kj ds lehi yxs ^lqyHk okWVj ,Vh,e* ds lapkyu dk fujh{k.k djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 75


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah watching the operation of the Sulabh Purified Water ATM installed at the entrance of the Sulabh Gram

ubZ fnYyh&fLFkr lqyHk&xzke ds izo's k&}kj ds lehi yxs ^lqyHk okWVj ,Vh,e* ds lapkyu dk fujh{k.k djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 76


Dr. Pathak explaining to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah the technology used to make the Sulabh Purified Water installed at the entrance of the Sulabh Gram

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks lqyHk okWVj&,Vh,e ds rgr ty&'kq¼hdj.k dh rduhd dh tkudkjh nsrs gq, lqyHk&laLFkkid MkWDVj ikBd 77


Sulabh Health Centre

T

he Sulabh Ideal Health Centre is a part of the Sulabh Toilet Complex. A Total Healthcare Concept is practised here to achieve the goal of ‘Health for All’, as visualized by WHO. The Health Centre has the following facilities:

• Free consultations by doctors for the general public throughout the day. • Dispensing of essential medicines at a token amount of Rs. 5 from those who are willing to pay; otherwise it is given free of cost. • Sanitary Napkin Vending Machine which provides lowcost sanitary napkins. • Distribution of condoms, oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), oral rehydration salt (ORS), iron, folic acid and calcium tablets free of cost. • Works as the Pulse Polio Centre of the Delhi Government.

Dr. Namita Mathur explaining to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amait Shah the activities of the Sulabh Health Centre

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks lqyHk&LokLF;&dsæa dh xfrfofèk;ksa ds fo"k; esa crkrh gqb± MkW- uferk ekFkqj 78


lqyHk vkn'kZ LokLF;&dsaæ

^lq

yHk vkn'kZ LokLF;&dsaæ lqyHk 'kkSpky;&ifjlj dk ,d Hkkx gSA ;gk¡ fo'o&LokLF;&laxBu ds }kjk fuèkkZfjr Lrjksa ij ^lcds fy, LokLF;* dk y{; izkIr djus ds fy, LokLF;&lsok,¡ iznku dh tkrh gSaA LokLF;&dsaæ esa fuEu lsok,¡ miyCèk gSa%& •

vke turk ds fy, fnu&Hkj MkWDVjksa }kjk fu%'kqYd ijke'kZA • tks yksx nsus esa l{ke gSa] muls dsoy 5 #i, ysdj vko';d nokb;k¡ nh tkrh gSa] vU;Fkk fu%'kqYd nh tkrh gaSA • lSfuVjh uSifdu osafMax e'khu] tks de ewY; esa lSfuVjh uSifdu miyCèk djkrh gSA ••dkWUMkse] vksjy dksUVjklsfIVo xksfy;k¡] vks-vkj-,l-] vk;ju] ch&9 ¼Qksfyd ,flM½ ,oa dSfY'k;e dh xksfy;k¡ fu%'kqYd ck¡Vh tkrh gSaA • ;g LFky fnYyh&ljdkj ds iYl iksfy;ks&dsaæ ds :i esa Hkh dk;Z djrk gSA

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah being shown certain brand medicines provided to the poor people free of cost by Sulabh International

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks fofHkUu daifu;ksa dh nokb;ka fn[kkbZ xb±] tks lqyHk vkn'kZ LokLF;&dsæa ds }kjk xjhcksa dks eqÝr miyC/ djokbZ tkrh gSa 79


Dr. Pathak explaining to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah the effectiveness of the Sulabh Swachhta Rath. The Rath is equipped with the latest audio-visual gadgets, and is being used as Sulabh Swachhta information education and communication vehicle travelling across the country and spreading the message of Swachh Bharat and the Sulabh Sanitation Movement

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks lqyHk&LoPNrk&jFk ds fo"k; esa tkudkjh nsrs gq, lqyHk&laLFkkid MkWDVj ikBdA jFk esa vkèkqfud vkWfM;ks&ohfM;ks midj.k yxs gq, gSa vkSj ;g lai.w kZ Hkkjr esa Hkze.k djrs gq, f'k{kk ,oa nwjlapkj ds ekè;e ls lqyHk&LoPNrk&vkanksyu vkSj ekuuh; ç/kuea=kh Jh ujsUæ eksnh ds ^LoPN Hkkjr vfHk;ku* ds lan's k dk izlkj dj jgk gS 80


Sulabh Swachhta Rath:

Chariot of Cleanliness

lqyHk&LoPNrk&jFk % LoPNrk dk jFk

‘S

ulabh Swachhta Rath’ was launched on November 18, 2014 during the three-day International Toilet Festival organised by Sulabh on the occasion of the World Toilet Day. Various programmes under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan were held engaging the Sulabh Swachhta Rath. It was also displayed as the largest moving model of the toilet. The Rath is equipped with the latest audio-visual gadgets, and is being used as information, education and communication vehicle travelling across the country and spreading the message of Swachh Bharat and the Sulabh Sanitation Movement.

18 uoacj] 2014 dks fo'o&'kkSpky;&fnol ds volj ij rhu fnolh; vk;kstu ds nkSjku ^lqyHk&LoPNrk&jFk* dk mn~?kkVu fd;k x;kA lqyHk&LoPNrk&jFk ds }kjk ^LoPN Hkkjr vfHk;ku* ds vusd dk;ZØeksa dks ewrZ :i fn;k tk jgk gSA bls lcls cM+s pyrs&fiQjrs 'kkSpky; ds :i esa Hkh ns[kk tkrk gSA jFk esa vkèkqfud vkWfM;ks&ohfM;ks midj.k yxs gq, gSa vkSj ;g lai.w kZ Hkkjr esa Hkze.k djrs gq, f'k{kk ,oa nwjlapkj ls lqyHk&LoPNrk&vkanksyu vkSj ^LoPN Hkkjr vfHk;ku* ds lan's k dks izlkfjr dj jgk gSA

jFk esa vkèkqfud vkWfM;ks&ohfM;ks midj.k yxs gq, gSa vkSj ;g laiw.kZ Hkkjr esa Hkze.k djrs gq, f'k{kk ,oa nwjlapkj ls lqyHk&LoPNrk&vkanksyu vkSj ^LoPN Hkkjr vfHk;ku* ds lans'k dks izlkfjr dj jgk gS

81


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah, keenly watching the Sulabh Swachhta Rath

^lqyHk&LoPNrk&jFk* ds fo"k; esa tkudkjh ysrs Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 82


Sulabh Swachhta Rath is equipped with the latest audio-visual gadgets, and is being used as information, education and communication vehicle travelling across the country and spreading the message of Swachh Bharat and the Sulabh Sanitation Movement.

83


Dr. Pathak's Technological Invention:

Sulabh Two-Pit Ecological Compost Flush Toiletâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; A Tool of Social Change

M

ahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) was the first person in modern India, who paid attention to the problems of open defecation and manual scavenging. He wanted to end these practices at the earliest, as he was keen to restore the human rights and dignity of the untouchables. He had a special concern for the scavenging untouchables. He wanted that their status should be on a par with others, and even that of the highest in the land, but felt that till the time they cleaned human faeces, nobody would share food or have social relation with them. invented

Dr. Pathak the two-pit ecological compost flush toilet known as Sulabh Shauchalaya for the safe and hygienic disposal of human waste. This toilet technology, which is appropriate, affordable and culturally acceptable, requires only one litre of water to flush out the excreta.

In 1968, Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak joined the Bihar Gandhi Centenary Celebration Committee, which was formed to make preparations for the centenary celebrations of Gandhiji in 1969. There, he was assigned the task of finding an alternative to manual scavenging as well as developing the ways and means to restore human rights and dignity of the untouchables, which was the dream of Mahatma Gandhi. After extensive research, Dr. Pathak invented the two-pit ecological compost flush toilet known as Sulabh Shauchalaya for the safe and hygienic disposal of human waste. This toilet technology, which is appropriate, affordable and culturally acceptable, requires only one litre of water to flush out the excreta as compared to the requirement of 10 litres per flush in a conventional toilet.

In the Sulabh technology, the human excreta gets converted into fertilizer because out of the two pits, one is used at a time and the other remains as a standby. Manual cleaning of human excreta is not required in this system. In addition to this, bio-fertilizer is produced, which can be used to raise the farm productivity, or for horticultural and floricultural purposes. This technology proved to be the effective solution to end the practice of manual cleaning of night soil by the untouchable scavengers and defecation in the open.

84


Dr. Pathak showing to Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah the low-cost Sulabh toilet made out of material like gunny bags. Gandhiji always advocated the use of locally available materials; similarly Sulabh Two-Pit Ecological Toilets can be built by whatever materials are easily available in a particular area

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks LFkkuh; Lrj ij miyCèk lkexzh&}kjk fufeZr lqyHk Vw fiV i;kZoj.k&fgrS"kh daiksLV 'kkSpky; dk ekWMy fn[kkrs gq, lqyHk&laLFkkid MkWDVj ikBd

85


Dr. Pathak showing to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah the superstructure of the Sulabh Shauchalaya for the higher income groups

èkuh oxZ ds fy, fufeZr lqyHk 'kkSpky; dk ekWMy ns[krs Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

Dr. Pathak showing to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah different models of Sulabh two-pit pour-flush ecological toilets

lqyHk dh Vw fiV iksj Ýy'k bdksykWftdy 'kkSpky;ksa ds fofHkUu ekWMyksa dk voyksdu djrs gq, ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 86


lqyHk Vw fiV i;kZoj.k&fgrS"kh daiksLV Ýy'k VkW;ysV

vk

èkqfud Hkkjro"kZ esa egkRek xk¡èkh (1869&1948) igys O;fDr Fks] tks [kqys esa 'kkSp vkSj eSuqvy LdSosaftax ds izfr laosnu'khy FksA os bl dqizFkk dks ;Fkk'kh?kz lekIr djuk pkgrs Fks] rkfd blls tqM+s vLi`';ksa dks muds ekuokfèkdkj vkSj izfr"Bk dks okil fnyk;k tk ldsA os vLi`';ksa }kjk fd, tk jgs LdSosaftax ds izfr fo'ks"k :i ls laosnu'khy FksA

MkWDVj ikBd us ekSds ij gh ey ds fuLrkj.k okys ^Vw fiV iksj ¶y'k daiksLV 'kkSpky;* dk vkfo"dkj vkSj fodkl fd;k] tks LokLF; ds fy, mi;qDr] mi;ksx esa vklku] lkaLd`frd rkSj ij Lohdk;Z] i;kZoj.k&fgrS"kh ,oa yksxksa dh vk; ds vuqdwy gS

iVuk fo'ofo|ky; ls lekt'kkL=k esa Lukrd djus ds i'pkr~ MkW- foUns'oj ikBd 1969 esa egkRek xk¡èkh dks J¼katfy nsus ds mn~ns'; ls xfBr fcgkj&xk¡èkh&tUe&'krkCnh&lekjksg&lfefr ls ,d LoSfPNd dk;ZdrkZ ds :i esa tqMs+A bl lfefr us ,d izdks"B dk xBu fd;k] ftldk eq[; dk;Z LdSosatjksa dks (ftUgsa vktdy okYehfd dgk tkrk gS) muds }kjk fd, tk jgs vekuoh; dk;Z ls eqDr dj muds [kks, lEeku dks ykSVkdj lekt esa mUgsa izfrf"Br djuk FkkA

dfBu ifjJe] vuqlaèkku vkSj bl fo"k; ij miyCèk vè;;u&lkexzh ds vkèkkj ij MkWDVj ikBd us ekSds ij gh ey ds fuLrkj.k okys ^Vw fiV iksj Ýy'k daiksLV 'kkSpky;* dk vkfo"dkj vkSj fodkl fd;k] tks LokLF; ds fy, mi;qDr] mi;ksx esa vklku] lkaLd`frd rkSj ij Lohdk;Z] i;kZoj.k&fgrS"kh ,oa yksxksa dh vk; ds vuqdwy gSA lqyHk 'kkSpky;&rduhd ds }kjk LFkkuh; :i ls miyC/ lkexzh ls 'kkSpky; dk fuekZ.k vkSj j[k&j[kko fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;g fofHkUu HkkSxksfyd fLFkfr;ksa eas Hkh cuk;k tk ldrk gSA bldh liQkbZ esa ekuo&LdSosatj dh vko';drk ugha gksrh gSA bl 'kkSpky; esa Ýy'k ds fy, fliQZ ,d yhVj ty dk iz;ksx gksrk gSA lqyHk 'kkSpky; esa nks xM~<s gksrs gaS] ftuesa ls ,d le; esa ,d dk mi;ksx gksrk gS vkSj nwljs dks LVSaM ck; ds :i esa j[kk tkrk gSA tc igyk xM~<k Hkj tkrk gS rks mls can dj ekuo&ey ds izokg dks nwljs xM~<s dh vksj eksM+ fn;k tkrk gSA nks o"kks± esa igys xM~<s dk ey [kkn cu tkrk gSA blesa 1-8» ukbVªkstu] 1-6» iQkWLiQsV vkSj 1» iksVSf'k;e gksrk gS] tks d`f"k&dk;Z&gsrq mUur [kkn gSA bl izdkj bl rduhd us ;g lkfcr dj fn[kk;k gS fd ns'k esa fo|eku~ flj ij eSyk <ksus dh dqizFkk dh lekfIr ,oa [kqys esa 'kkSp dh leL;k dk ;g ,d izHkkodkjh lekèkku gSA 87


Dr. Pathak showing to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah the model of the Sulabh roofless toilet. This type of toilet has been specially designed for those who require fresh air while using the toilet facilities

fcuk Nrokys lqyHk 'kkSpky;&ekWMy dk fujh{k.k djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkgA 'kkSpky; dk ;g ekWMy muyksxksa dh bPNk dks è;ku esa j[kdj rS;kj fd;k x;k gS] tks [kqys vkleku esa 'kkSp djuk pkgrs gSa

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah enquiring about the use and effectiveness of the two pits which are used in the Sulabh Toilets

lqyHk 'kkSpky;ksa esa iz;Dq r nks xM~<ksa ds mi;ksx vkSj izHkko'khyrk dh tk¡p djrs Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 88


Dr. Pathak showing to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah the squatting pan, the water seal and other parts of the two-pit toilet which requires only one litre of water to flush out the excreta

lqyHk 'kkSpky; dh Vw fiV ekWMyks]a ftuesa Ýy'k djus ds fy, dsoy ,d yhVj ty dh vko';drk gksrh gS] dk foLr`r voyksdu djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

89


Dr. Pathak's initiative: Wealth from waste

MkW ikBd dk igy % vof'k"V ls vFkkZtZu

I

n the Sulabh two-pit ecological compost toilet, the human excreta after remaining in the pit for two years gets converted into biofertilizer. This bio-fertilizer is free from pathogens, as it contains nitrogen (1.8%), phosphate (1.6%) and potassium (1%). This can be used to enhance the productivity of the soil—for agriculture and horticulture purposes. This is a rich fertilizer, and also a very good soil conditioner that improves the farm productivity.

^Vw fiV iksj Ýy'k i;kZojf.kd daiksLV 'kkSpky;* esa nks xM~<s gksrs gaS] ftuesa ls ,d le; esa ,d dk mi;ksx gksrk gS vkSj nwljs dks LVSaM ck; ds :i esa j[kk tkrk gSA tc igyk xM~<k Hkj tkrk gS rks mls can dj ekuo&ey ds izokg dks nwljs xM~<s dh vksj eksM+ fn;k tkrk gSA nks o"kks± esa igys xM~<s dk ey [kkn esa cny tkrk gSA blesa 1-8» ukbVªkstu] 1-6» iQkWLiQsV vkSj 1» iksVSf'k;e gksrk gS] tks d`f"k ,oa ckxckuh&dk;Z&gsrq mi;ksxh gksrk gSA ;g [kkn feV~Vh ls feyus ds ckn mldh moZjrk c<+k nsrh gSA lqyHk 'kkSpky; dh liQkbZ esa ekuo&LdSosatj dh vko';drk ugha gksrh gSA

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah keenly watching a pod of odour-free dried human excreta taken out from the Sulabh two-pit compost toilet

lqyHk Vw fiV daiksLV VkW;ysV ls fu%l`r 'kq"d ekuo&ey ds jaxghu ,oa xaèkghu VqdM+kas dks ns[krs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 90


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah observing the Sulabh technology of purifying domestic waste water through duckweed (a free floating aquatic plant), which cleans water to such a level that it can be safely discharged into any water body.

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg ds le{k lqyHk&}kjk vkfo"d`r ?kjsyw vity&'kq¼hdj.k dh MdohM (dlir)&i¼fr dk fo'ys"k.k djrs gq, lqyHk&laLFkkid MkWDVj ikBdA MdohM rkykc vkSj xM~<ksa esa ik;k tkusokyk Lora=k rFkk rsth ls c<+us okyk ,d tyh; ikSèkk gSA ;g eNfy;ksa ds fy, lai.w kZ vkgkj gS vkSj ty dks 'kq¼ djus dk ,d egÙoiw.kZ lkèku Hkh 91


Designer Door:

Made out of Human Excreta

ekuo vif'k"V ls fufeZr % fMtkbuj njoktk

Mr.

Santiago Sierra and Ms. Mariana David, Sculptors from Mexico, visited Sulabh in January 2006 with a project to make some art works out of manure converted from human excreta of the pits of Sulabh Shauchalayas. After much experimentation and research, they created 22 pieces of art in the shape and size of doors. In their artistic venture, they got assistance from Mr. Michael Coombs, an artist from London. Their art works were displayed in the Lisson Art Gallery in London in November 2007, and later also exhibited in the Munich Gallery in Germany. One of their art works is prominently displayed in the Sulabh International Museum of Toilets.

esfDldks ds nks ewfrZdkj Jh lsafr;kxks fl,jk rFkk lqJh ekfj;kuk MsfoM tuojh 2006 esa bl ifj;kstuk ds lkFk lqyHk esa ièkkjs fd os lqyHk 'kkSpky;ksa ds xM~<ksa ds ekuo&ey ls] tks [kkn esa ifjofrZr gks tkrs gSa] dqN dykRed phtksa dk fuekZ.k djsaxsA dkiQh iz;ksx ,oa vuqlaèkku ds i'pkr~ mUgksaus njoktksa ds vkdkj ,oa yackbZ&pkSM+kbZ ds 22 <k¡pksa dk fuekZ.k fd;kA bl dykRed dk;Z esa mudh lgk;rk dh yanu ds dykdkj Jh ekbdy dksECl us uoacj] 2007 esa fytu vkVZ xSyjh esa mudh dykd`fr;k¡ iznf'kZr dh vkSj mlds ckn teZuh ds E;qfu[k xSyjh esa Hkh budk izn'kZu fd;k x;kA mudh ,d dykd`fr lqyHk baVjus'kuy E;wft;e vkWiQ VkW;ysV~l esa Hkh fof'k"V rkSj ij iznf'kZr gSA Dr. Pathak explaining to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah the low-cost door made from compressed human excreta

de ykxr okys ekuo&ey ls rS;kj njokts ds fo"k; esa Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks crkrs gq, MkWDVj ikBd 92


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being shown a small ball of dried human excreta

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg lw[ks ekuo&ey ls rS;kj NksVs xsna dks ns[krs gq,

93


Sulabh International Museum of Toilets:

A Panorama Unfolding the Epic of the Culture of Sanitation

A

unique Museum of Toilets is located at the Sulabh Gram. One of its kind in the world, the Sulabh International Museum of Toilets has a rare collection of artefacts, pictures and objects detailing the historic evolution of toilets since 2500 BC. A large number of visitors, both from India and abroad, have shown keen interest in this museum, finding it informative, educative and fascinating. So far about 32 lakh people have visited it through the Sulabh website, and over 10,000 people have taken the trouble to come to Sulabh to see this museum. Different items collected in the museum give a chronology of developments relating to sanitation technology, divulge toilet-related social customs and etiquettes, and shed light on the sanitary conditions and legislative efforts of many countries over the centuries. The museum has an impressive display of privies, chamber pots, toilet furniture, bidets and water closets in use from 1145 AD to the contemporary time.

The Sulabh International Museum of Toilets has been ranked by the Time magazine as the third in the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 10 weirdest museums.

The museum aims to educate students and interested people about the historical trends in the development of toilets, provide information to researchers about the design, materials and technologies adopted in the past, and those in use in the contemporary world, and help policy-makers and sanitation experts better grasp the efforts made earlier in this field, throughout the world so that they can learn from the past and solve the present-day problems in the sanitation sector. The Sulabh International Museum of Toilets has been ranked by the Time magazine as the third in the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 10 weirdest museums. 94


lqyHk baVjus'kuy E;qft;e vkWiQ VkW;ysV~l

lq

yHk&ifjlj] ubZ fnYyh esa 'kkSpky; ,oa 'kkSp&fØ;k&vkèkkfjr ,d vuks[ks laxzgky; dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ gSA vius izdkj dk ;g laxzgky; dyk] rLohj] iksLVj rFkk vU; nqyZHk lkexzh ds vkèkkj ij bZlkiwoZ 2500 ls 'kkSpky;&fodkl dh xkFkk dks n'kkZrk gSA laizfr ;g oSf'od i;ZVu dk ,d izeq[k vkd"kZ.k&dsaæ cu x;k gSA vHkh rd gekjh osclkbV ds }kjk bls 32 yk[k ls vfèkd yksx ns[k pqds gSaA blds vykok 10]000 ls vfèkd yksx bldk Hkze.k dj pqds gSaA laxzgky; esa 1145 bZLoh ls vèkqukru dky rd iz;ksx esa vkusokys 'kkSpky;] 'kkSpik=k] iQuhZpj] fcMs vkSj okW'k&csflu dks Hkh iznf'kZr fd;k x;k gSA buds vfrfjDr 'kkSpky;&lacaèkh f'k"Vkpkj rFkk fofHkUu le;ksa esa blls lacaf/r tkjh fu;eksa@funsZ'kksa ij O;aX;] dkVwZu ,oa vU; lkfgR; Hkh ;gk¡ miyCèk gSaA fo'o ds

^Vkbe* eSxthu&}kjk 10 vuwBs laxzgky;ksa esa lqyHk baVjus'kuy E;qft;e vkWQ VkW;ysV~l dks rhljk LFkku iznku fd;k x;k gS

E;qft;e dk mn~ns'; n'kZdksa dks 'kkSpky; ds fodkl ds bfrgkl] 'kksèkdrkZvksa dks vrhr dky esa iz;qDr fMtkbu&lkexzh vkSj rduhdksa ,oa ledkyhu lkexzh rFkk iz.kkfy;ksa ds ckjs esa lwpuk miyCèk djkuk gSA blls laiw.kZ fo'o esa LoPNrk ds {ks=k esa uhfr&fuèkkZjdksa vkSj fo'ks"kKksa }kjk fd, x, dk;Zdykiksa ds ckjs esa Hkh mi;ksxh lkexzh miyCèk gksrh gS] rkfd buls lh[k yh tk lds vkSj LoPNrk ds {ks=k esa lac¼ leL;kvksa dk funku fey ldsA ^Vkbe* eSxthu&}kjk fo'o ds 10 vuwBs laxzgky;ksa esa lqyHk baVjus'kuy E;qft;e vkWiQ VkW;ysV~l dks rhljk LFkku iznku fd;k x;k gSA

95


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah visiting the Sulabh International Museum of Toilets

lqyHk baVjus'kuy E;qft;e vkWiQ VkW;ysVl ~ dk Hkze.k djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah watching the model of the double-storeyed toilet complex, USA (1920) in which the first floor was reserved for the managerial class while the workers used the ground floor

;w-,l~-,- ds 1920 bZ- ds nks eaftys 'kkSpky;] ftldk izFke ry izcèa kd&oxZ ds fy, vkSj Hkwry dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, vkjf{kr gksrk Fkk] ds ckjs esa tkudkjh ysrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah watching the various artefacts at the museum

lqyHk baVjus'kuy E;qft;e vkWiQ VkW;ysVl ~ esa fofHkUu dykd`fr;ksa dks ns[krs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 96


Shri Bageshwar Jha, Curator of the Sulabh International Museum of Toilets explaining the various exhibits to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks lqyHk baVjus'kuy E;qft;e vkWiQ VkW;ysVl ~ ds fofHkUu izn'kZfu;ksa dks crkrs gq, E;qft;e ds D;wjVs j Jh okxs'oj >k

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah, being shown the book-shelf type toilet from France, bearing the name of an English classic

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg izQkal ds ,d vaxt sz h Dykfld ds uke ds cqd&'ksYiQ Vkbi dk 'kkSpky; ns[krs gq, 97


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being shown the throne-like chamber pot of the French Emperor, Louis XIV who while using it, simultaneously conducted court sessions

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg izQkalhlh lezkV~ yqb&Z XIV ds flagklu dh rjg dk 'kkSpky;&ekWMy ns[krs gq,

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah spending happy moments at the Sulabh International Museum of Toilets

lqyHk baVjus'kuy E;qft;e vkWiQ VkW;ysVl ~ esa [kq'kh ds dqN {k.k fcrkrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 98


Dr. Pathak’s thrust on quality education for the children of former untouchable scavengers:

Sulabh Public School

MkWDVj ikBd us iwoZ ds vLi`'; LdSosatjksa ds cPpksa dks xq.koÙkkiw.kZ f'k{kk ds fy, lqyHk ifCyd Ldwy LFkkfir fd;k

T

he Sulabh Public School is situated within the Sulabh Gram in New Delhi. Here, 60 per cent of the students are from the Dalit community and 40 per cent from other communities. This English medium school is one of the first schools of its kind, where Dalit students get not only free quality education, but also get all facilities, including books, uniforms, etc., free of cost. In this model school, the toilets are cleaned by the teachers and students themselves, and not by others. Mahatma Gandhi wanted that all people should clean their own toilets. This school fulfils this dream of Gandhiji.

egkohj bUDyso] ubZ fnYyh ds lqyHk&ifjlj esa gh ,d vksj lqYkHk ifCyd Ldwy (v¡xjsth&ekè;e) fLFkr gSA blesa vkèks ls vfèkd cPps (60 izfr'kr) LdSosatj&ifjokj ds vkSj 'ks"k (40 izfr'kr) vU; leqnk; ls i<+us vkrs gSaA v¡xjsth&ekè;e dk ;g igyk fo|ky; gS] ftlesa nfyr&ifjokj ds cPpksa dks fu%'kqYd f'k{kk nh tkrh gSA bUgsa iqLrd] ;wuhiQkWeZ vkSj izR;sd fnu eè;kg~u esa ekSle ds vuqdwy iQy Hkh iznku fd, tkrs gSaA lqyHk ifCyd Ldwy dh vU; vusd fo'ks"krkvksa ds lkFk&lkFk ,d fo'ks"krk ;g Hkh gS fd ;gk¡ ds 'kkSpky;ksa dh liQkbZ Ldwy ds f'k{kd vkSj fo|kFkhZ feydj djrs gSaA fdlh dks ckgj ls lkiQ djus ds fy, ugha cqyk;k tkrk gSA vki tkurs gSa fd xk¡èkh th ds vkJe esa jgusokys lHkh yksx ckjh&ckjh ls 'kkSpky; dh liQkbZ [kqn gh djrs FksA xk¡èkh th pkgrs Fks fd gj O;fDr viuk 'kkSpky; [kqn lkiQ djsA bl izdkj ;g fo|ky; egkRek xk¡èkh ds fopkjksa ds vuq:i gSA 99


100


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by the Vice Principal and students of the Sulabh Public School

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dk lqyHk ifCyd Ldwy dh miiz/kukpk;kZ rFkk Nk=kksa }kjk Lokxr

Hon’ble BJP National President, Shri Amit Shah being welcomed by the Dr. Indrani Mazumdar, Chairperson, Sulabh International Centre for Action Sociology

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks xqynLrk çnku dj Lokxr djrh gqb± lqyHk baVjus'kuy lsVa j iQkWj ,D'ku lksf'k;ksykWth dh vè;{k MkW- bankz .kh etwenkj 101


A group photograph with the children of Sulabh Public School during the morning assembly

lqyHk ifCyd Ldwy ds cPpksa ds lkFk Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 102


103


Sulabh Vocational Training Centre

lqyHk O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k&dsaæ

T

he Sulabh Gram in New Delhi also houses a Vocational Training Centre. This centre imparts two-year training in vocations like tailoring, beauty care, computers, fashion designing, embroidery, stenography, electronics, etc., to young students, mainly belonging to the weaker sections of society. It is heartening to note that not a single youngster trained here in the market-friendly trades has come back to say that he or she has not got a job. They all get employment because the training given here is extensive and effective. The Sulabh Vocational Training Centre empowers youth from struggling background, by skilling them in a trade in order to earn their living and lead a meaningful life.

lqyHk&ifjlj esa ;qod&;qofr;ksa esa dkS'kyoèkZu ds fy, lqyHk O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k&dsaæ dk Hkh lapkyu fd;k tk jgk gSA blesa [kkldj ds lkekftd :i ls detksj oxZ dh ;qod&;qofr;ksa dks Ng ekl ls nks o"kZ rd dh vofèk ds fy, fofHkUu VsªMksaµflykbZ&dVkbZ] d<+kbZ] vk'kqfyfi] Vad.k] daI;wVj] C;wVh&ds;j] iQS'ku&fMtkbfuax] fctyh&ejEerh bR;kfn esa izf'k{k.k fn;k tkrk gSA ;gk¡ ;g è;ku nsus ;ksX; gS fd ;gk¡ ls izf'k{k.k izkIr djusokys Nk=k&Nk=kkvksa esa dksbZ ,slk dgus ugha vk;k gS fd mUgsa jkstxkj ugha feyk gS] D;ksafd ;gk¡ cktkj dh ek¡x ds vuq:i izf'k{k.k fn;k tkrk gS vkSj og O;kid rFkk izHkkodkjh Hkh gSA lqyHk O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k&dsaæ la?k"kZjr i`"BHkwfe ds ;qok&oxZ dks vkthfodk vftZr djus vkSj lkFkZd thou&gsrq ekxZ iznf'kZr djrk gSA

104


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah interacting with the students of the Cutting & Tailoring class, a wing of the Sulabh Vocational Training Centre

lqyHk O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k&dsæa dh flykbZ&dVkbZ&d{kk esa Nk=kkvksa ls eq[kkfrc Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah interacting with the students of the Computer class, a wing of the Sulabh Vocational Training Centre.

lqyHk O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k&dsæa dh daI;wVj&d{kk ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa ls eq[kkfrc Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

105


Sulabh School Sanitation Club

lqyHk Ldwy lSfuVs'ku&Dyc

S

ulabh has set up a School Sanitation Club where, apart from other activities, the schoolgirls are taught to make sanitary napkins using simple materials. The Club has also installed a vending machine, where sanitary napkins are available. Incinerators have also been installed for safe disposal of sanitary napkins.

lqyHk&}kjk Ldwy lSfuVs'ku&Dyc dh Hkh LFkkiuk dh xbZ gSA bl Dyc esa vU; xfrfofèk;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk lkekU; lkexzh ds mi;ksx ls fo|ky; dh yM+fd;ksa dks lSfuVjh uSifdu cukus dk izf'k{k.k fn;k tkrk gSA fo|ky; esa lSfuVjh uSifdu&osafMax&e'khu rFkk bfUlujsVj Hkh yxk, x, gSa] tgk¡ ls Nk=kk,¡ viuh vko';drk ds vuqlkj lSfuVjh uSifdu izkIr djrh gSa vkSj mi;ksx ds ckn fuiVku ds fy, mls bfUlujsVj esa Mky nsrh gSa] ftlesa og vklkuh ls tydj jk[k gks tkrk gSA

A member of the Sulabh School Sanitation Club explaining to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah the processes of making sanitary napkins

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks lSfuVjh uSifdu&fuekZ.k ds lacèa k esa tkudkjh nsrh gqb± lqyHk Ldwy lSfuVs'ku&Dyc dh lnL;k 106

Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah keenly watching the process of making sanitary napkins

lSfuVjh uSifdu&fuekZ.k&dk;Z&i¼fr ds ckjs esa le>rs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg


Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah trying his hand at making sanitary napkins

Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah is happy to see the process of making-sanitary napkins

Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah listening to the procedure of making sanitary napkings

Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah blessing the girls at the Club

lSfuVjh uSifdu dk fuekZ.k djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

lSfuVjh uSifdu cukus dh izfØ;k dks le>rs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

lSfuVjh uSifdu cukus dh izfØ;k dks ns[kdj izlUu gksrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

lwyHk Ldwy lSfuVs'ku Dyc dh yM+fd;ksa dks vk'khokZn nsrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 107


Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah evincing keen interest in the display boards, which show the four and-a-half-decades journey of Sulabh and its Founder

lqyHk&ifjlj esa iznf'kZr fp=kkoyh] ftlesa MkWDVj ikBd&}kjk foxr 47 o"kks± esa fd, x, dk;ks± dk o.kZu gS] esa fo'ks"k vfHk#fp ysrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 108


Sulabh Assembly Hall

lqyHk izkFkZuk&lHkk

The programme started with the Sulabh prayer

lqyHk&izkFkZuk ds lkFk dk;ZØe dk 'kqHkkjaHk

Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah lighting the lamp

nhi izTofyr djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg

109


Mrs. Amola Pathak presents bouquet and shawl to Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks xqynLrk ,oa 'kkWy HksVa djrh gqb± Jherh veksyk ikBd 110


Dr. Pathak felicitates Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah in the morning Assembly

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks ekY;kiZ.k dj lEekfur djrs gq, MkW- ikBd

Dr. Pathak presenting a statue of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks iafMr nhun;ky mikè;k; dh izfrek HksaV djrs gq, MkWDVj ikBd 111


Dr. Pathak presenting a Madhubani tapestry made by the artists of Madhubani from Bihar to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks e<+k gqvk e/qcuh&isfa Vx HksVa djrs gq, MkWDVj ikBd

Dr. Pathak giving a memento to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks Le`fr&fpg~u HksVa djrs gq, MkWDVj ikBd 112


Dr. Pathak presenting Shri Ramcharitmanas to Hon'ble National President Shri Amit Shah

Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg dks ^Jhjkepfjrekul* dh izfr HksVa djrs gq, MkWDVj ikBd

Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah launching the weekly tabloid newspaper 'Sulabh Swachh Bharat' in English and Hindi

vaxt sz h vkSj fganh esa izdkf'kr ,d lkIrkfgd if=kdk ^lqyHk LoPN Hkkjr* dk foekspu djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 113


Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah after launching the weekly tabloid newspaper 'Sulabh Swachh Bharat'

ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg&}kjk vaxt sz h vkSj fganh esa izdkf'kr lkIrkfgd if=kdk ^lqyHk LoPN Hkkjr* dk foekspu

Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah releasing the book 'Cashless Banega India' in English and Hindi

vaxt sz h vkSj fganh esa izdkf'kr iqLrd ^dS'kysl cusxk bafM;k* dk foekspu djrs gq, ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg 114


Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah launching the website of the weekly tabloid newspaper 'Sulabh Swachh Bharat'

vaxt sz h vkSj fganh esa izdkf'kr lkIrkfgd if=kdk ^lqyHk LoPN Hkkjr* dh osclkbV dk 'kqHkkjaHk djrs gq, ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg

After launching the website of the weekly tabloid newspaper 'Sulabh Swachh Bharat'

vaxt sz h vkSj fganh esa izdkf'kr lkIrkfgd if=kdk ^lqyHk LoPN Hkkjr* dh osclkbV ds 'kqHkkjaHk dk ,d n`';

115


Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah launching the website of the weekly tabloid newspaper 'Sulabh Swachh Bharat'

ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg&}kjk ^lqyHk LoPN Hkkjr* dh osclkbV dk 'kqHkkjaHk 116


Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah releasing the book 'Sulabh and My Contribution to Swachh Bharat Campaign'

MkWDVj ikBd&}kjk fyf[kr iqLrd ^LoPN Hkkjr vfHk;ku esa lqyHk vkSj esjk ;ksxnku* dk foekspu djrs gq, ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah keenly going through the book 'Sulabh and My Contribution to Swachh Bharat Campaign'

^LoPN Hkkjr vfHk;ku esa lqyHk vkSj esjk ;ksxnku* iqLrd dk voyksdu djrs gq, Hkktik ds ekuuh; jk"Vªh; vè;{k Jh vfer 'kkg 117


Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah showing the book after release

foekspu ds i'pkr~ iqLrd iznf'kZr djrs gq, ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg

Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah releasing the brochure 'Hear our prayer O God' based on untouchables

LdSot as jksa ds thou ij vk/kfjr ,d czk's kj ^ghvj vkoj iz; s j vks xkWM* dk foekspu djrs gq, ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg 118


Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak presenting the Citation to Hon'ble Shri Amit Shah

ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg dks fpf=kr ekui=k lefiZr djrs gq, MkWDVj foUns'oj ikBd 119


Íf¼] flf¼ vkSj o`f¼ ds lkjLor deZ;ksxh ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg th] jk"Vªh; vè;{k]

Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds dj&deyksa esa lknj lefiZr lEeku&i=k

la

dYi vkSj leiZ.k ds vçfre deZ;ksxh] vkLFkk vkSj fo'okl ds lsrq&iq#"k] ifj.kkeksUeq[k jktuhfrd j.kuhfr ds n{k egkjFkh] pquko&çca/u ds vuqHkofl¼ O;fDrRo] okd~&eq[kj] psruk&ç[kj] laxBu&egf"kZ ekuuh; Jh vfer vfuypaæ 'kkg th dk ge lqyHk baVjus'kuy ds bl çkax.k esa gkfnZd Lokxr vkSj vfHkuanu djrs gSaA vkidk tUe 22 vDVwcj] 1964 dks ekuoh; laLdkjksa ls laiUu ,d xSj&jktuhfrd ifjokj esa Hkkjr ds 'kL;&';key çkar egkjk"Vª dh jkt/kuh vkSj ns'k dh vkfFkZd uxjh eqacbZ esa gqvkA vki ewyr% xqtjkr ds fuoklh gSaA vkids firk Jh vfuypaæ 'kkg çfrf"Br O;olk;h jgs gSaA fojklr ds :i esa feyh lekt&lsok vkSj ikfjokfjd laLdkjksa ds vkidk tUe 22 vDVwcj] 1964 dks ekuoh; dkj.k fd'kksjkoLFkk ls gh ns'k vkSj lekt ds laLdkjksa ls laiUu ,d xSj&jktuhfrd ifjokj esa fy, dqN djus dh mnkÙk Hkkouk ls vksrçksr Hkkjr ds 'kL;&';key çkar egkjk"Vª dh jkt/kkuh Jh 'kkg vius lkoZtfud thou dk 'kqHkkjaHk djrs gq, ek=k 14 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa gh jk"Vªh; vkSj ns'k dh vkfFkZd uxjh eqacbZ esa gqvkA vki Lo;alsod la?k ls ^r#.k Lo;alsod* ds :i esa ewyr% xqtjkr ds fuoklh gSaA vkids firk tqM+ x,A rHkh ls vki jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ds Jh vfuypaæ 'kkg çfrf"Br O;olk;h jgs gSaA fojklr ekè;e ls vkn'kZ vkSj lkekftd ewY;ksa ds fy, ds :i esa feyh lekt&lsok vkSj ikfjokfjd laLdkjksa çfrc¼ gksdj iw.kZ leiZ.k&Hkko ls jk"Vª&vkjk/uk vkSj lekt&lsok ds egr~ dk;ksaZ ls tqM+s gSaA ;gha ds dkj.k fd'kksjkoLFkk ls gh ns'k vkSj lekt ds fy, dqN djus dh mnkÙk Hkkouk ls vksrçksr Jh 'kkg ls jktuhfrd 'kfDr ds bl v{kq..k lzksr dks ,d jpukRed fn'kk fey xbZA tSo&jlk;u foKku vius lkoZtfud thou dk 'kqHkkjaHk djrs gq, ek= esa Lukrd vkSj çfrHkkoku~ Jh 'kkg us viuh 14 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa gh jk"Vªh; Lo;alsod la?k ls fo/s;kRed ekufldrk] vn~Hkqr laxBu&{kerk ^r#.k Lo;alsod* ds :i esa tqM+ x,A vkSj oSKkfud n`f"Vdks.k ls lHkh dks çHkkfor fd;kA iQyLo:i vkidks lu~ 1982 esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; fo|kFkhZ ifj"kn~ dh vgenkckn&bdkbZ ds lfpo&in dk nkf;Ro lkSaik x;kA /hjs&/hjs vkidh çfrHkk çknsf'kd lhekvksa ds ckgj Hkh çfrf"Br gksus yxh vkSj vkidks lu~ 1997 esa Hkkjrh; turk ;qok ekspkZ dk jk"Vªh; dks"kkè;{k vkSj vkxs pydj xqtjkr&bdkbZ dk mikè;{k cuk;k x;kA 120


vkidh l{ke ç'kklfud {kerk vkSj ldkjkRed n`f"Vdks.k dks js[kkafdr djrs gq, lu~ 2002 esa xqtjkr ds rRdkyhu eq[;ea=h ¼orZeku esa ç/kkuea=h½ ekuuh; Jh ujsUæ eksnh th us vius eaf=eaMy esa vkidks jkT;ea=h cukrs gq, x`g] ifjogu vkSj vkokl&tSls vusd egÙoiw.kZ foHkkxksa dk nkf;Ro lkSaik] ftudk dq'kyrkiwoZd fuoZg.k dj vkius viuh cgqeq[kh çfrHkk dk ,d ckj fQj ifjp; fn;k

lu~ 1985 esa igyh ckj vkius xqtjkr ds lj[kst&fo/kulHkk {ks=k ls pquko yM+k vkSj vius çfr}a}h dks fjdkWMZ erksa ls ijkftr dj viuh yksdfç;rk dks fl¼ dj fn;kA vkidh yksdfç;rk dk xzkiQ ges'kk gh mQèoZxkeh jgk gSA thr ds vius gh fjdkWMZ dks rksM+rs gq, pkj ckj lj[kst&fo/kulHkk ds ernkrkvksa dk Lusg ikdj fot;h gq, Jh vfer 'kkg th us ik¡pok¡ fo/kulHkk&pquko lu~ 2012 esa ujuiqjk&fo/kulHkk {ks=k ls thr dj ,d ckj fiQj fl¼ dj fn;k fd vkidh yksdfç;rk ds vHks| nqxZ esa lsa/ yxkuk çfr}a}h ds fy, dfBu gh ugha] vlaHko Hkh gSA vkidh vn~Hkqr lathouh flf¼ dk Li'kZ ikdj vusd e`rçk; laLFkk,¡ Lor% thfor&tkxzr~ gks mBrh gSaA ?kkVs ds cks> ls pjejk jgs vgenkckn lgdkjh cSad dk ykHkdkjh laLFkku cuuk vkidh blh lathouh flf¼ dk thoar mnkgj.k gSA xqtjkr&jkT; foÙk&fuxe ds lcls de mez ds vè;{k cuus dk xkSjo Hkh ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg th dks gh çkIr gSA vkidh l{ke ç'kklfud {kerk vkSj ldkjkRed n`f"Vdks.k dks js[kkafdr djrs gq, lu~ 2002 esa xqtjkr ds rRdkyhu eq[;ea=kh (orZeku esa ç/kuea=kh) ekuuh; Jh ujsUæ eksnh th us vius eaf=keaMy esa vkidks jkT;ea=kh cukrs gq, x`g] ifjogu vkSj vkokl&tSls vusd egÙoiw.kZ foHkkxksa dk nkf;Ro lkSaik] ftudk dq'kyrkiwoZd fuoZg.k dj vkius viuh cgqeq[kh çfrHkk dk ,d ckj fiQj ifjp; fn;k vkSj viuh 'kqHkefr vkSj mÙkexfr ds fy, çHkwr ç'kalk vftZr dhA jktuhfr ds lkFk&lkFk [ksyksa ds çfr Hkh vkidk vuqjkx loZfofnr gSA vkius viuh çfrHkk dh fLuX/k Nk¡o esa crkSj vè;{k xqtjkr&jkT; ds 'krjat&la?k dks rFkk mikè;{k ds :i esa xqtjkr fØdsV ,lksfl,'ku dks fodflr&iYyfor gksus ds i;kZIr volj miyC/ djk,A laçfr vki fo'o dh lokZf/d lnL;&la[;k okyh ikVhZ Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds jk"Vªh; vè;{k gSaA ;g vkidk nwljk dk;Zdky gSA vkius lu~ 2014 esa igyh ckj bl in dks lq'kksfHkr fd;k FkkA blds igys vkidks Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ esa egklfpo dk nkf;Ro lkSaik x;k FkkA ml oDr vkids dq'ky usr`Ro vkSj ekxZn'kZu esa lu~ 2014 ds vke pquko esa Hkktik us mÙkj çns'k dh 80 esa ls 73 lhVsa thr yhA bldh otg ls Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ u dsoy ns'k dh lcls cM+h ikVhZ cudj mHkjh] cfYd 543 yksdlHkk lhVksa esa ls 282 ij thr çkIr dhA vkidh ikVhZ ds xBca/u&nyksa dks Hkh 54 lhVsa feyhaA bl çdkj lu~ 1984 ds ckn igyh ckj Hkkjrh; laln esa fdlh ,d ny vkSj xBca/u dks iw.kZ cgqer feykA mÙkj çns'k ds 80 esa 73 lhVksa ij vius ny ds çR;kf'k;ksa dks fot;Jh fnyokdj vkius vius vuwBs pquko&çca/u vkSj vn~Hkqr lkaxBfud {kerk dk tks yksgk euok;k gS] og oanuh; vkSj Lej.kh; gSA viuh vkstfLork vkSj rstfLork ls jk"Vªh; vè;{k ds :i esa vkius laxBu dks tks uO;rk] HkO;rk vkSj fnO;rk çnku dh gS] og vkids vgfuZ'k deZ;ksx dk gh mTToy izrhd gSA jktuhfr dh ;K'kkyk esa vkius tks la?k"kZ vkSj uSfrd ewY;ksa dk xaxkty fNM+dk gS] og Hkkjrh; tuekul esa lnSo çsjd&mRçsjd dk dk;Z djsxkA 121


o`ankou dh fo/kokvksa dh thou&n'kk dks ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; dk vkns'k jk"Vªh; fof/kd lsok çkf/kdj.k ¼ukylk½ ds ekè;e ls çkIr gqvk vkSj vc lqyHk us o`ankou dh ekrkvksa ds thou esa vkewy ifjorZu yk fn;k gSA

fcgkj&xk¡/h&tUe&'krkCnh&lekjksg esa MkWDVj ikBd dk lfEefYkr gksuk lqYkHk&vkanksyu ds 'kqHkkjaHk dh iszjd i`"BHkwfe jgkA foxr 47 o"kksaZ ls ge LoPNrk&lao/Zu vkSj LdSosaftax dh lekfIr ds fy, 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k vkSj lapkyu dk tks dk;Z dj jgs gSa] mls ,d lkFkZd&LohÑr eap rc feyk] tc 15 vxLr] 2014 dks ekuuh; ç/kuea=kh Jh ujsUæ eksnh us ykyfdys ds çkphj ls 'kkSpky;&fuekZ.k vkSj lkiQ&liQkbZ dh ckr dh vkSj mlh o"kZ 2 vDVwcj dks xk¡/h th ds tUe&fnol ds volj ij ^LoPN Hkkjr vfHk;ku* dh ?kks"k.kk dhA egkRek xk¡/h dgk djrs Fks fd eq>s vktknh ckn esa] LoPNrk igys pkfg,A ekuuh; ç/kuea=kh us jk"Vªfirk egkRek xk¡/h dh mlh /kj.kk dk lEeku djrs gq, dgk fd ^fDoV bafM;k* dk liuk rks iwjk gks x;k] ysfdu ^Dyhu bafM;k* ds lius dks iwjk djus dk nkjksenkj ge ij gSA ekuuh; ç/kuea=kh ds bl oDrO; us esjh bPNk&'kfDr dks vkSj n`<+ dj fn;kA eSa ekuuh; ç/kuea=kh dh bPNk vkSj xk¡/h th ds ml lius dks iwjk djus ds vfHk;ku esa vieku vkSj lEeku dh ijokg fd, fcuk th&tku ls yxk gw¡A geus ikjaifjd 'kkSpky;ksa dks lqyHk 'kkSpky;ksa esa ifjofrZr djk dj eSyk <ksusokyh efgykvksa dks bl vekuoh; dk;Z ls eqDr djk;k gS] mUgsa f'k{kk nh gS] jksth&jksVh dekus ds fy, mUgsa çf'k{k.k fn;k gSA geus eafnjksa esa mudk ços'k djk;k] dk'kh esa xaxk&Luku djkdj ckck fo'oukFk ds n'kZu djk, vkSj czkã.kksa ds lkFk cSBkdj [kkuk f[kyk;kA ,slk djus ls budh fLFkfr lekt esa cny xbZ gSA vc os mUgha ?kjksa esa tkdj vpkj&ikiM+ csprh gSa] mu ?kjksa dh efgykvksa dk psgjk pedkrh gSa] ftu ?kjksa esa igys os eSyk <ksus dk vekuoh; dk;Z fd;k djrh FkhaA bl dk;Z ls /jrh vkSj vkdk'k dk feyu gks x;k gS] ,slk yksx fo'okl dj ldrs gSaA gekjs ç;klksa ds ckn vc okYehfd&leqnk; ds yksx czkã.k vkSj vU; Åaph tkfr ds yksxksa ds lkFk cSBdj [kkuk [kkrs gSa] ,slk dksbZ fo'okl ugha dj ldrk gSA ysfdu ge yksxksa us jktLFkku ds vyoj ,oa Vksad ftys esa ;g dk;Z djds fn[kk;k gSA ;gk¡ rd fd os yksx vc laLÑr ds 'yksdksa dk ikB Hkh djrs gSa] ea=kksa dk mPpkj.k djrs gSa rFkk vius&vkidks czkã.k dgrs gSaA o`ankou dh fo/okvksa dh thou&n'kk dks lq/kjus ds fy, ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; dk lqyHk ls iwNus dk vkns'k jk"Vªh; fof/d lsok çkf/dj.k (ukylk) ds ekè;e ls çkIr gqvk vkSj vc lqyHk us o`ankou dh ekrkvksa ds thou esa vkewy ifjorZu yk fn;k gSA mUgsa çfrekg 2]000 #i;s lqyHk dh vksj ls çkIr gksrk gSA blds lkFk gh mUgsa eqÝr fpfdRlk miyC/ djkbZ tkrh gSA ekrkvksa dks caxyk] fganh ,oa vaxzsth esa f'k{kk ds vykok ekyk] vxjcÙkh ,oa jk/k&Ñ".k ds diM+s cukus dk dk;Z Hkh fl[kk;k x;k gSA vc buds thou esa bruk ifjorZu gks x;k gS fd ;s nhikoyh eukrh gSa vkSj gksyh [ksyrh gSa] tks igys bu fo/okvksa ds fy, oafpr FkkA igys ;s ejuk pkgrh Fkha] ijarq vc ;s Hkjiwj ftanxh thuk pkgrh gSaA blh rjg geus okjk.klh vkSj mÙkjk[kaM dh fo/okvksa dh thou&n'kk esa Hkh ØkfUrdkjh ifjorZu yk fn;k gSA 122


bl çdkj geus dbZ {ks=kksa esa Hkkjr dk bfrgkl cny fn;k gSA le;&vHkko ds dkj.k ge foLr`r :i ls bldh ppkZ ugha dj jgs gSaA ge fliZQ ;g dguk pkgrs gSa fd MkboflZVh ds {ks=k esa lqçfl¼ if=kdk ^n bdksukWfeLV* us ftu 50 yksxksa dh ppkZ dh gS] muesa MkW foUns'oj ikBd dk uke cjkd vksckek] fgysjh fDyaVu rFkk ,atsfyuk tksyh ds lkFk gSA U;w;kdZ ds es;j us MkWDVj ikBd ds uke ij U;w;kdZ 'kgj dh rjiQ ls 14 vçSy] 2016 dk fnu muds uke ?kksf"kr fd;k gSA bUgsa gkoZMZ Dyc dh rjiQ ls áweuVsfj;u vokMZ ls lEekfur fd;k tk pqdk gSA lqyHk dh rduhd dks ch-ch-lh-&gksjkbtu us nqfu;k ds ik¡p vkfo"dkjksa esa ls ,d crk;k gSA ekuuh; ç/kuea=kh ds LoPN Hkkjr ds liuksa dks ge n`<+rk ds lkFk iwjk djus esa tqVs gSa vkSj vk'kk djrs gSa fd 2019 rd [kqys :i esa 'kkSp dh çFkk lekIr gks tk,A LoPN&lqanj okrkoj.k vkSj tkxzr~ lekt gekjh laLFkk dk fe'ku gSA vki Hkh LoPN i;kZoj.k] LoPNrk vkSj lkekftd dY;k.k ds fy, lefiZr gSaA vr% lqyHk&xzke esa vkidk iqu%&iqu% gkfnZd Lokxr vkSj vfHkuanu gSA ^fouk'kk; p nq"ÑrkEk~* dh vo/kj.kk ds ewyk{kj ekuuh; Jh vfer 'kkg th! vkidh çfr"Bk dh O;kfIr ;'k ds loksZPp vkdk'k rd igq¡psA vkidk fo/s;kRed&oSKkfud n`f"Vdks.k Hkkjrh; tuekul ds ân;iVy ij jpukRed miyfC/;ksa ls lq'kksfHkr gks] bUgha Lrou oanu ds lkFk 'kqfprk] LoPNrk vkSj lkekftd lejlrk dks lefiZr lqyHk baVjus'kuy lks'ky lfoZl vkWxZukbts'ku vius laLFkku rFkk leLr ns'kokfl;ksa dh vksj ls vkidk gkfnZd Lokxr vkSj vfHkuanu dj Lo;a dks xkSjokfUor vuqHko dj jgk gSA leLr vkLFkkvksa ,oa fo'okl&lfgr]

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Citation

Dedicated to Hon’ble Shri Amit Shahji, National President, Bharatiya Janata Party An Icon of Peace, Progress and Accomplishment

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n epitome of determination and devotion, a symbol of hope and faith, a visionary of positive politics, a well-accomplished expert of election management, an experienced personality with the gift of eloquence, we humbly and heartily welcome Hon’ble Shri Amit Anilchandra Shahji to the Sulabh Gram.

Shri Shah was born on 22nd October, 1964 in a non-political family, endowed with human values and culture, in Mumbai, the commercial city of India. However, he is originally a Gujarati. His father Shri Anilchandra Shah was a reputed businessman. Owing to the family tradition of social service Shri Shah was inspired to associate with Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS) at the age of 14 as a ‘Tarun Swayam Sewak’.

Shri Shah was born on 22nd October, 1964 in a non-political family, endowed with human values and culture, in Mumbai, the commercial city of India. However, he is originally a Gujarati. His father Shri Anilchandra Shah was a reputed businessman. Owing to the family tradition of social service Shri Shah was inspired to associate with Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS) at the age of 14 as a ‘Tarun Swayam Sewak’. Since then he dedicated himself for the major objectives and programmes sponsored by RSS. Thus, this dedicated talent got a creative direction. Shri Shah is B.Sc. in Bio-Chemistry. With his scientific vision and approach he impressed everyone. Consequently, in 1982 he was entrusted the post of Secretary of Vidyarthi Parishad unit of

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Considering your administrative capabilities and positive attitude towards everything, the then Chief Minister of Gujarat and now the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Damodardas Modi, included you in his cabinet in 2002 as Minister of State with the responsibility of important ministries such as Home, Transportation and Housing. You very honestly and efficiently handled the responsibilities and once again proved your versatile genius for which you won appreciation from everywhere.

Ahmedabad. Gradually his reputation spread beyond provincial borders and in 1997 he was appointed the Treasurer of ‘Bharatiya Janta Yuva Morcha’ and later the Vice-President of its Gujarat unit. It was in 1985, that you fought the election for the Sarkhej Assembly constituency in Gujarat and proved your popularity by defeating your opponent with a record number of votes. Your popularity graph has always been rising, having won consecutive Assembly elections from Sarkhej for four times. You made it again in 2012 from the Naranpura Assembly constituency and proved that your opponent was no match for you. The love you got from the people was so strong that it was almost impossible for anyone to make a dent in your popularity and achievements. You helped several sick organizations to bring back to life. One of the big examples is Ahmedabad Sehkari Bank, which was sick with losses and deficit. With your hard work and dedication you helped it to become a profit earning bank. You have the honour of being the youngest Chairman ever of the Gujarat State Financial Corporation. Considering your administrative capabilities and positive attitude towards everything, the then Chief Minister of Gujarat and now the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Damodardas Modi, included you in his cabinet in 2002 as Minister of State with the responsibility of important ministries such as Home, Transportation and Housing. You very honestly and efficiently handled the responsibilities and once again proved your versatile genius for which you won appreciation from everywhere. Besides politics, your love for sports is also well known. You made great contributions for the Gujarat State Chess Association as its Chairman and for the Gujarat State Cricket Association as its Vice-Chairman respectively. At present you are the National President of the Bharatiya Janata Party, that has the honour of having the largest number of members under its name. It was in 2014 when for the first time you were honoured with this post. This is your second term as the President, starting in the year 2014. Prior to 2014, you served as the General Secretary to the party. It was during this period that the BJP won 73 seats out of 80 in Uttar Pradesh under your leadership. This helped the BJP to become the single largest party in the country winning 282 out of 543 Lok 125


The direction for the improvement of the lives of Vrindavan widows came from the Hon’ble Supreme Court through the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA). Now Sulabh has brought remarkable changes in the lives of the widows of Vrindavan.

Sabha seats. The parties in alliance with the BJP were also benefited winning 54 seats. The result of this clean sweep was that in the Lok Sabha, one party with its allies got an absolute majority after 1984, for the first time. Winning 73 seats out of 80 in Uttar Pradesh, under your guidance is really a big achievement that will always be remembered. The excellence, veracity and respect that you have bestowed upon the organisation as the National President with your honesty and brilliance, is the result of your incessant working. The holy ‘Ganga Jal’ of struggle and moral values that you have sprinkled in the field of politics will ever be an inspiration for the Indians. The Sulabh Movement got kick-started with my association with the Bihar Gandhi Birth Centenary Celebration Committee. We have been working in the sanitation sector for the last 47 years. We have been constructing toilets and working for a scavenging-free India. On the 15th of August, 2014 our work got a grand platform when the Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi spoke about toilets and sanitation from the ramparts of Lal Quila. ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ also got started on the 2nd October the same year. Mahatma Gandhi had said that he needs sanitation first, freedom afterwards. The Hon’ble Prime Minister giving full respect to Gandhiji’s ideology said that the dream of 'Quit India' has been fulfilled but the responsibility of making a 'Clean India' is on us. The idea of the Hon’ble Prime Minister has given more strength to my willpower. I am working with all my strength without caring for humiliation for myself to fulfil the concept of the Hon’ble Prime Minister and Mahatma Gandhi. We have liberated and rehabilitated women from the inhuman work of scavenging by educating them and giving vocational training so that they may become self-reliant. We took them to temples where earlier their entrance was prohibited. We took them to Varanasi where they had a dip in the holy Ganga river and prayed at Baba Vishwanath Temple. They sat and broke bread with high caste Brahmins. Now their status in the society has changed. They sell their eatable products and do facial work in the same houses where earlier they used to do scavenging. All this has led to earth and sky meeting, convincing people all over. With our efforts people from the Valmiki community sit and eat together with the Brahmans and other high caste people. People never believed in this transformation earlier. But we have done and shown 126


this in Alwar and Tonk in Rajasthan. Now these people recite Sanskrit shlokas and chant mantras and call themselves Brahmins. The direction for the improvement of the lives of Vrindavan widows came from the Hon’ble Supreme Court through the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA). Now Sulabh has brought remarkable changes in the lives of the widows of Vrindavan. They receive Rs. 2,000 per month from Sulabh. Along with this they get free medical facilities which Sulabh has provided. These mothers are given training in making garlands, agarbattis and clothes of Radha-Krishna. They are taught Bangla, Hindi and English. Now their lives have changed so much that they play Diwali and Holi, which were earlier prohibited for them. Earlier they wanted to end their lives but now they wish for longer life. We have brought about such changes in the lives of the widows of Uttarakhand as well as Varanasi. Thus, in many areas we have changed the pages of history of India. Due to time constraint we are not giving the details. We just want to mention that in the field of diversity, the famous magazine ‘The Economist’ has named 50 people with Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak’s name standing along with Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and Angelina Jolie. The Mayor of New York honoured me on behalf of its citizens and declared 14th April, 2016 as ‘Dr. Pathak’s day’. The Harvard Club has honoured Dr. Pathak with the Humanitarian Award. The BBC Horizon has included Sulabh’s technology in world’s five inventions. We are fully and firmly dedicated to fulfil the dreams of the Hon’ble Prime Minister and are hopeful that by 2019 we will be able to end the practice of defecation in the open. Clean, beautiful environment and a conscious society is the mission of our organisation. You are dedicated to clean environment, sanitation, hygiene and social welfare. You are heartily welcomed in our Sulabh Gram. With the mission of ^fouk'kk; p nq"ÑrkEk~* (Vinashay cha duskritam) Hon’ble Shri Amit Shahji, your fame and glory may reach the highest peak. And your positive scientific view may shine as auspicious illumination and creative achievement in the hearts of the Indian populace. With these words, Sulabh International Social Service Organisation, dedicated to sanitation, social harmony and equanimity, feels proud to heartily welcome a dedicated nationalist and Karmayogi like you. With all due respect and dedication,

Tuesday, December 20, 2016 Sulabh Gram, New Delhi

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak Founder, Sulabh International Social Service Organisation and Associate Members of Sulabh family

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Media Coverage

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“......I have decided that I will make toilets, whatever may people think. I have had a small background and I believe in working for small issues for small people. I am a small man who wants to do big things for small people......” “......It is our social responsibility as citizens of India to help fulfil Gandhiji’s vision of Clean India, by his 150th birth anniversary in 2019......” — Shri Narendra Modi, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India

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I am the son of the son of Mahatma Gandhi but Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak is the son of his soul. If we were to go to meet Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, he would first greet Dr. Pathak for the noble work that he is doing and then meet me. Dr. Pathak has restored human rights and dignity to people engaged in the manual cleaning of human excreta which they carried as head-load. – Prof. Rajmohan Gandhi

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood. -- “I have a Dream” speech, August 28, 1963 – Martin Luther King Jr.

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His Excellency

Mr. Timothy J. Roemer

Ambassador of the United States to India

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is Excellency Mr. Timothy J. Roemer, Ambassador of the United States to India, delivered the Commencement Address in the University of Notre Dame, Graduate School, Indiana, U.S.A. on 21st of May 2011.

The following is an extract from his speech: “To motivate you, let me tell you a story about …… toilets! India is a country with many inspiring people. There is, of course, Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. His teachings of tolerance really are the key to the success of democracy in India and he has influenced civil rights movements around the world including in the United States. There is Mother Teresa, who lived and worked in India although her legacy now touches the lives of children, women, and the poor all over the world. There is Rabindranath Tagore, the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. But there are also many inspiring people, lesser known to the world, like Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak. Dr. Pathak, although from a very high caste, knew at a very young age that there was nothing wrong with touching the untouchables. He has dedicated his life to restoring the human rights and providing dignity to scavengers, which is the bottom-rung caste in India responsible for cleaning up human waste. To do so, he used technology to develop a safe and environment-friendly toilet to replace pit latrines, reducing the need for scavenging and improving sanitation and hygiene for both rural and urban poor. He provided education to the children of scavengers, helping to break the never-ending family cycle of scavenging. He provided alternative economic opportunities so that women no longer have to clean toilets for the rest of their lives to provide for their families. All this has helped tackle a bigger problem – breaking down the caste system in India. As you leave Notre Dame today, I hope you will remember the story of Dr. Pathak.

He did not start out to change the world. He started out to help some scavengers in a few villages in Bihar, a small state in the north of India on the Nepal border. As you start out today, you do not have to change the world overnight. But I encourage you to try to make a difference.” 150


His Excellency

Mr. Richard Rahul Verma United States Ambassador to India visited at the Sulabh Gram on August 13, 2015

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hank you Doctor, Thank you Sulabh. Thank you to everyone who is here today and for all that you have done.

It is really a great privilege and honour for me to be here with all of you because you have done so much to transform ordinary lives. As people’s lives have been impacted in such a special way and they have been given the respect they deserve - this has a huge impact on millions of people across this country. I am so proud to be here today and to meet all of you and to congratulate all of you for all the outstanding work that you have done. It has been absolutely amazing. The commitment to work on clean water and sanitation and to help realize India’s goal and Prime Minister’s vision is something we are very committed to. On behalf of the President and on behalf of the Secretary of the State, I know this is a huge priority for them, it is a huge priority for our mission, for USAID team, for our health team at the Embassy and we are proud to be partner with you. We look forward to working with you, on these really worthwhile efforts and what I learnt here today that is it doesn’t take a lot of money, that is necessary. It doesn’t take most advance technology; it takes commitment from people to change the way they do things; it takes change by governments, and by leaders; it takes some finding and again to impact health, safety to education and particularly to impact girls and how people can transform their lives; really we are committed to these efforts thoroughly with you. I would tell you that my parents immigrated from Punjab in Jalandhar and I was able to go back to the house where my grandmother lived, in 1974. I was there as a boy and there was no flush toilet in the house in 1974. So I knew exactly what the challenge is and I also know that when I went two months back things have changed dramatically for the better and the world’s new infrastructure, new sanitation, and new toilets could be put; so it’s long way to go, so much progress has been made under the leadership of such an inspiring leader that you have here in Dr. Pathak. It’s really amazing; we would continue to be your partner, thanks for the great team. From the U.S. Embassy we congratulate all of you and all of you are really role models for us and we would be following your footsteps. Thank you very much.

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His Excellency

Mr. Alexendre Cécé Loua Ambassador of the Republic of Guinea visited the Sulabh Gram on January 19, 2016

".......I belong to a developing country and today I know the reason why the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has taken the decision to build toilets all over the country. The Sulabh Technology has to be exported....."

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His Excellency

Mr. Alphonsus H.M. Stoelinga,

Ambassador of the Netherlands

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is Excellency Mr. Alphonsus H.M. Stoelinga, Ambassador of the Netherlands to India, Bhutan and Nepal on the Sulabh Gram: July 12, 2016

I am very grateful to Dr. Pathak and to all of you for receving me here and, of course, to Biswas for bringing me here. I have seen here everything i.e. the school, the museum, the technologies that you developed and what you are doing here is about hygiene; it is about education and it is also about skills. But foremost it is about putting an end to scavenging and to give a future to those whose work it was. Now as far as hygiene is concerned, it is so important that children must practise hygiene, and work in a hygienic environment because if they don’t do so - for example- they get worms and they fall sick and they cannot go to school; it’s a strain on the society, its a strain on children’s future. The same is the case with separate toilets for girls. If there are no toilets for them in school, the parents don’t want to send their daughters to schools. Again this is a strain on their future. It results in a strain on the future of the country. So hygiene is must for every person. Hygiene is must a for society and hygiene is important for future of our economy. I am learning the hindi language and I can tell you: “It is better today to say to all the people of the world, ‘saff kijiye’ then to have to say tomorrow to our children ‘maff kijiye’.” So hygiene is important, education is important and what I have also seen here is skill development. The Modi Government has to create 12 million jobs per year. You contribute to giving people the skills to do these jobs. So, we also have to train people in skills, not only in academics, not only engineers, but also plumbers, carpenters, electricians. People who can work in factories, people who can repair things and a lot of skills that we have to develop and I have seen here that you are very active in this. I feel what you are doing generally here is making it possible for people to realize their potential. I daily read many Indian newspapers, and I hear speeches of people who are specialist in the matter: if India wants to transform itself it needs economic growth by 10 per cent. You are very very high at seven and a half per cent growth but in order to reach 10 per cent you need to engage all the brains, all the potential of all men and women. India has got 1.3 billion people, that means 1.3 billion brains, 1.3 billion talents. But there are people here walking around without education. We should educate them. Only if we empower them, the Indian society, the people and the economy will prosper. And you, Dr. Pathak, made a very important contribution here. I normally like to finish my speeches using Hindi words and hope you all understand Hindi, because I don’t don’t speak the other languages of India. ‘Mai sochata hun ki hamare desho ke aur logon ke sahyog se kamyabi milegi’. Thank you very much.

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His Excellency

Mr. Niankoro Yeah Samake Ambassador of Mali to India

You are not building toilets, you are building wholesome humanity. India yet again is offering the whole world, great leader like Mahatma Gandhi, like Modiji. So, Dr. Pathak, I am very pleased to be here. We will take this idea. My support for Hawa was very strong. But now I have become a convinced Sulabh advocate. I am joining the movement. Sulabh is a movement. DIEYA is a movement when I call DIEYA an association Hawa says no, DIEYA is a movement. Let’s move people to cleanliness, let’s move people to sustainability, let’s move people to a wholesome humanity.

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ASSI GHAT– THE WINNER “Tears welled up in my eyes as I watched Usha Chaumar, the Dalit former untouchable and now President of Sulabh International, walk up to the podium to receive the Safaigiri Award for 2015 from no less a person than the Hon'ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi on 2nd October, 2015. Life for her as well as for me had taken a full circle. The result of forty seven years of tireless striving dedication and hard work was before my eyes. Shunned by society, forced to manually clean human excreta, discriminated and looked down upon, Usha Chaumar received the coveted award with her head held high in front of a galaxy of dignitaries. For me this was a moment of immense pride and satisfaction and quite understandably I became very emotional.” – Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak

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Always clean up after yourself. You are responsible for the waste you produce and you should ensure that it’s disposed of in an environmentally sound manner.’ -BINDESHWAR PATHAK

Inventor

BINDESHWAR PATHAK This designer's low-cost toilet has helped the planet, improved sanitation for millions-and freed countless scavengers from a life of cleaning human waste

As the 6-year-old son in an upper-class Brahmin family, Bindeshwar Pathak wanted to know what would happen if he touched a scavenger, one of India’s “untouchables,“ stuck at the bottom of the country’s social order and fated to collect and dispose of human waste. When he did, his grandmother punished him by forcing him to swallow cow dung and urine, and making him bathe in water from the Ganges. “This issue has bothered me since,“ says Pathak, 66, who describes himself as a humanist and social reformer, “If they continue to clean human excreta, they will not be accepted into society,“ Discrimination against scavengers is only part of India’s sanitation issue. Today, despite India’s rollicking economic growth, some 110 million households remain without access to a toilet and 75% of the country’s surface water is contaminated by human and agricultural waste. More than half a million children die each year from preventable water-and sanitation-related diseases

such as diarrhea, cholera and hepatitis. Pathak, who lived with a colony of untouchables for three months in 1968—“If you want to work for a community,“ he says, “then you must build rapport within that community“—realized the only way to solve the problem was to develop a clean method of human waste disposal that would be cost-effective for the average Indian household and would, at the same time, rid the country of the practice of scavenging. He developed the technology for a new toilet and founded the nonprofit Sulabh Sanitation Movement to bring his creation to those who needed it the most. Pathak’s twin-pit toilet, which costs a minimum of $15 to make, can be installed in any village, house or mud hut. While one pit is in use, the other is left covered. Within two

Discrimination against scavengers is only part of India’s sanitation issue

years, the waste in the covered pit will dry up, ridding itself of pathogens, so that it’s suitable for use as fertilizer. The toilets use 0.4 gal. (1.5 L) of water per flush, as opposed to the 2.6 gal. (10 L) required by conventional toilets. They also eliminate the need for manual scavenging, so Pathak’s NGO—now called the Sulabh International Social Service Organization—also runs rehabilitation programs for out-of-work scavengers, teaching them the skills they need to find new jobs. In 2013, Pathak set up a vocational center in Alwar, Rajasthan, where women are trained in tailoring, embroidery, food- processing and beauty treatments. Last year, some three dozen of the trainees were flown to New York City to participate in a fashion show held at the U.N. headquarters to mark the International Year of Sanitation. More recently, Pathak has perfected an excreta based biogas plant that generates biogas to be used for heating, cooking and electricity. He’s constructed 68 such plants in India. His toilets, the design of which he’s made available to NGOs around the country, are used by 10 million people daily, helping push the number of people in rural India with access to a toilet from 27% five years ago to 59% today. Pathak’s technology has also been used to construct over 5,500 public-toilet complexes in cities across south and central Asia, for people who are homeless or who have no sanitation in their houses. The word sulabh—which means simple in Hindi—has become synonymous with the public toilet. Although the practice of manual scavenging became illegal in India in 1993, there are still 115,000 scavengers working in the country today. But thanks to his innovation and his rehabilitation programs, Pathak estimates that India will be scavengerfree within five years. “If the government wanted, they could solve the problem in a single day,” he says. “But I’ll take the pessimistic view.”— BY MRIDU KHULLAR/NEW DELHI

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CASTE AWAY Bindeshwar Pathak Sulabh International

I have a dream… that one day all of God’s children will be able to join hands and sing… Free at last!Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!

Martin Luther King Jr, speaking on 28th August, 1963, at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C. 158

When Bindeshwar was a young boy, his grandmother once made him eat cowdung to ‘purify’ himself, after contact with an untouchable. The same Brahmin boy grew up to lead a movement we know as ‘Sulabh’. A revolution in toilets and a rightful place in society, for those who once cleaned them. I have many beautiful memories of summers spent in my ‘native place’. But the one thing I’d rather forget is the toilet. The toilet from hell. It was a raised platform with a hole. No flush, no sanitation, no escape from that god-awful stench. My aunt would say, “Put Vicks, you won’t smell anything”. Fat chance of that! For days, I would simply not use the toilet. But how long could one hold back? Thoughts like these cross my mind on a beautiful February morning under a gorgeous blue sky. I am at the Sulabh complex near Palam in New Delhi, home to the world’s only museum dedicated to toilets. And to the one man who’s made it his mission to bring sanity to this country’s archaic systems - both social and sanitary. Bindeshwar Pathak is a sprightly sixty-something. Dressed in khadikurta and white churidarpyjama, he looks like a village headmaster. And each morning, he plays that part, as he leads the ‘morning assembly’ at the Sulabh Gram. “Aao sab mil julke banaye in sulabh sukhad sansaaar…!” sings the Sulabh family. Over hot tea and pakoras. In his expansive air conditioned office. With a lilting Bihari accent. Bindeshwar Pathak shares his story. And it is simply amazing, it is breath taking, it is so honest, almost too-good-to-be-true. As Bindeshwar himself would say, “Hai kinai?” Jee, hai to sahi. Aur agar hai to hamare desh mein aage ki peedhi ke liye hope hai. A single person can move mountains, perform miracles. And that person could be you…


BBC HORIZONS has featured Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak’s invention of the Sulabh toilet technology as one of the five unique inventions of the world*

“Less than half of India’s population has access to an indoor toilet; in fact more people in the country own a mobile phone. With very few public lavatories many people are forced to go in the open that has huge health consequences particularly for women and children. Over the years there has been very little interest or investment in this sector but one man is using innovation to try and change that. Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak is an internationally recognized, sanitation pioneer and Founder of Sulabh International, the largest non-profit organisation in India.” *featured on the programme BBC Horizons on 27.10.2013/ 30.03.2014

Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/mediacentre/worldnews/horizons-human-waste.html Video link: http://www.bbc.com/specialfeatures/horizonsbusiness/episode/human-waste/... 159


BBC World News Horizons explores why human waste is one of biggest public health issues facing world today

BBC Correspondent Rajini Vaidyanathan visits New Delhi in India to examine the twin-pit toilet invented by Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak, Founder of the Sulabh Sanitation Movement. Already improving sanitation for an estimated 10 million people daily, the simple toilet uses two pits dug into the ground connected to a traditional squat lavatory. This reduces water use and needs no chemicals to treat the waste

Transcript of the programme

BBC HORIZONS telecast on 27.10.2013/ 30.03.2014

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anitation and how we deal with human waste is a huge problem especially in many of the emerging economies which often have unplanned and sprawling cities. In Asia many countries donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have waste water treatment centres and it is said that in India some children drop out of school because they donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have access to clean, modern toilet facilities. 160


In Delhi, Rajini Vaidyanathan has been finding out how one simple solution is already bringing better sanitation to an estimated 10 million people a day. Less than half of Indiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s population have access to an indoor toilet; in fact more people in the country own mobile phone.With very few public lavatories, many people are forced to go in the open that have huge health consequences particularly for women and children. Over the years there has been very little interest or investment in this sector but one man is using innovation to try and change thatâ&#x20AC;Ś.. Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak is an internationally recognized, sanitation pioneer and Founder of Sulabh International, the largest non-profit organisation in India. Rajini Vaidyanathan: So, what access to toilets like today? Dr. Pathak: Even today 70% people in the rural areas have no access to safe and hygienic toilets. They go for defecation in the open and in urban areas still 23% people donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have these facilities. Rajini Vaidyanathan: Whats problems the people then are at risk at if they are going, you know to the toilet in the open? Dr. Pathak: It causes 50 diseases. Most important is cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, sometimes epidemics, hookworms, roundworms. Rajini Vaidyanathan: And that's because faecel matter in just left in the open and the sun. To overcome the problem of providing sanitation in areas without access to a sewage system, Dr. Pathak invented a simple toilet using two pit dug it into the ground, connected to the traditional squat lavatory which reduces water use and needs no chemicals to treat it. You do that to clean. So, comes down this pipe here, costing as little 15 dollars to build. The twin-pit system uses just 1.5 litres of water per flush compared to the conventional flush toilet which uses around twelve. Now what happens next? Dr. Pathak: Now here just see in the bottom Rajini Vaidyanathan: And explain this to me then Dr. Pathak: This is soil, there is no concrete RajiniVaidyanathan: So this is a soil bottom. Dr. Pathak: Yes Rajini Vaidyanathan: So what about the holes around the wall. What are they for? Dr. Pathak: The holes and the bottom, both have functions and they absorb water and the gases.

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Rajini Vaidyanathan: The pits are used alternately when one is full, the excreta is diverted into the second pit. Ok so basically the human faeces mixed with the water becomes part of the soil over time. Dr. Pathak: Yes, it decomposes because the bacteria is in the soil. RajiniVaidyanathan: Over the times the sludge is digested using already present anaerobic bacteria and creates almost dry pathogens-free, safe manure which can be used as fertilizer. How many have you have got these across India. How are they working now? Dr. Pathak: We have installed about 1.3 million toilets like this. Rajini Vaidyanathan: 1.3 million, that’s incredible. Rajini Vaidyanathan: So the most places we would go to India we could see these. Dr. Pathak: Yes, ofcourse RajiniVaidyanathan: Ok now we can go and have a look at that now. Rajini Vaidyanathan: As well as installations funded by the Government. Sulabh’s built more than seven and a half thousand public toilet complexes which isfunded by charging users a small fee. So Gaurav, this is one of the two pit toilets in action…….its in a temple. Sulabh Representative: By chance this today has the time to get cleaned so you will be able to see there is no smell, there is no pathogens, bacteria is coming out. Rajini Vaidyanathan: I am a bit nervous about things,whatsunderneath there? We got a gentlemen who is gonnacome and help us, have a look.Alright this is the moment of the truth. Sulabh Representative: No, you come and stand close and smell it here. Don’t worry…… Now you can see, there is no smell inside it. Rajini Vaidyanathan: Can I? fantastic Sulabh Representative: Yeah…yeah……. Rajini Vaidyanathan: No, there is no smell, to be fair. Sulabh Representative: The bacteria hasdied out. The pathogens have died out so there is no problem in touching them. Now the only thing what you do is that you pick it up, keep it outside into the Sun or may be in the open for one day and those people who are taking care of plants and you know growing the plants. They will come, they will take it. Sulabh Representative: Probably this is finest manure you can get. Sulabh Representative: No, the best manure, organic manure in the world.

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Rajini Vaidyanathan: Oh wow that is incredible science. Isn’t it?... Rajini Vaidyanathan: It is very simple. You got human waste coming downthe toilet, sits here for a couple of years and becomes this. Recent developments also allow the methane gases to be harvested during the digesting process and used as a fuel for lighting and cooking. It may be difficult for many people to comprehend but billions of people around the world still don’t have access to any form of sophisticated sanitation, but its cheap and simple solution which deal with human waste at source such as this two pit toilet which can really make a difference particularly in countries like here in India where there is little or no clean water and limited access to sewerage system. But the biggest challenge is the sheer scale of it.You need a lot more of these to really make a difference. Simple sanitation technologies which don’t rely on expensive infrastructure offer huge potential for reducing disease in many parts of the world. Yet we just don’t need new technologies to improve this problem, we need a change of philosophy to stop thinking of sewage as something to be disposed of and seeing it as a natural resource laden with nutrients and energy that we can use to make money and actually solve some of the problems the world is facing.

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Le Monde Magazine

The Guru of Toilets JP Géné, Special Correspondent in India

Half of Indians do not have W.C. or are satisfied with the latrines of another era which are emptied /cleaned everyday by women situated at the lowest rank of the society. Bindeshwar Pathak has decided to liberate them from this humiliating condition.

I

t was in the beginning of the last century when the sun never set in the empire of Her Very Gracious Majesty. A lady, who wanted to go to India, wrote to the master of the School enquiring about the conditions of stay/lodging and eventually about the presence of W.C. in the village that she wanted to visit. The recipient was greatly perplexed at this unknown abbreviation. What could W.C. mean? After a

lot of reflection and debate with the local Pandit, the only lettered man in the village, he deduced that the lady wanted to know if there existed any Wayside Chapel, a chapel in the vicinity. And the local master took his best pen to write back to her, “Dear Madam, I have great pleasure in informing you that the W.C. is at 9 kilometers from the house, in the midst of a charming grove of pine, surrounded by green

pasture. The W.C. can welcome 229 persons sitting and functions on every Sunday and Thursday. I suggest you to go there early, specially during the months of summer when there is a big gathering. One can pretty well stay standing but it will be very uncomfortable for you, specially if you go there often. Please know that my daughter is married there as she met her would be spouse there (…….) Please know also

Well doer/good man, like Gandhi, to whom they pay homage, Bindeshwar Pathak, a Brahman went against the caste system for changing the fate reserved to cleaners of latrines 165


that many people take their lunch for passing the entire day there. Others prefer to come at the last moment. I would recommend/ request Madam to come there on a Thursday, the day when you may have the choir also. The acoustics is excellent and the most delicate sounds can be appreciated from everywhere. Recently, a bell has been installed which tolls for every new entrant. A small bazar offers specially comfortable cushions well appreciated by people. It will be a pleasure for me to accompany you there personally and find you a good place for all night. With profoundest regards, the Instructor/teacher.â&#x20AC;? This story, whether true or

legendary, perfectly illustrates the sanitary situation in India. Many of those who ignored W.C. ignore it even today, in a country which has more mobile phones than toilets: 545 millions as against 366 million for a population of about a thousand millions (source United Nations University Canada). Whoever has travelled in this sub-continent has seen the line of people of all ages, sitting by the side of the road or rail lines since early hours of day for relieving their need in open air. Their heads suddenly come up in the field of maize while adjusting their dhoti or kurta. These morning walkers get a place on a floating bridge for defecating

and washing themselves in the stream. 600 millions of Indians everyday do this. More than 900 millions of litres of urine, 135 million of tones of faecal material are released everyday in nature, according to the experts. How to manage this volume, when hardly 200 out of 5000 townships have partial sewerage system, often dilapidated and ill maintained? This absence of sanitation and lack of public and private hygiene cause more than 450000 deaths every year (diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera) and cost a budget of more than 37 thousand millions of Euro to the nation, according to an estimate of the Programme â&#x20AC;&#x153;Water and Purificationsâ&#x20AC;?, of

A job of women, India would count about 400000 scavengers responsible for cleaning latrines. 90% are women, men of the caste being mostly responsible for carrying garbage or cleaning roads/ streets 166


the World Bank, published in December 2010 (The Economic impacts of Inadequate Sanitation in India). One can accumulate the numbers for blackening the table. It is worse. Lots of existing toilets are simple latrines, without flush or septic tank, which have to be cleaned manually every morning, of the “night-soil”. There are people for this. The Harijans, the Dalits, the Untouchables, one names them as one wants, are so low in the social rank that they are called ‘out caste’. And, amongst them, the Bhangis, the sanitation men, are those who are born to clean and will marry someone who will clean up, and thus will clean all their life. Born as Bhangi, they die as Bhangi. They are also named in English as scavenger. According to 2001 census, more than 400000 people clean up the shit of others. The women in 90% of cases, even after a century, have to put on a bell around their neck to signify their arrival so that others can get away. Equipped with a can and a broom, they leave their ‘designated’ part of the town to go around the latrines to transport the ‘content’ on their heads, out of the walls. Whether it rains or it is scorching sun, they have to do their “job” in exchange for a few rupees (calculated as per the number of persons in the house hold), often the remains of the food of previous evening, and always the despise of others. The Aims of a Life “One who is condemned for a crime comes out of prison after

the term in jail is complete. Those who are locked in a social prison never come out.” The diagnostics of sociologist Bindeshwar Pathak is implacable. Today 68, clad in traditional Kurta, he decided 40 years ago to put an end to this situation. According to him, Indians have to stop going in open air for their needs and the scavenger women have to be liberated of their slavery and have to be brought out of untouchability conditions. It would be the aim of his life. Born in a family of Brahmans, in Rampur Baghel, a small village in Bihar in eastern part of India, Bindeshwar was brought up with strong respect for castes. “My paternal grand-father was an astrologer, my father an Ayurvedic doctor and my grand mother very orthodox. We did not disobey her”. Very young, he learnt from her that he should not touch nor meet some people with whom she behaved unpleasantly when they came towards the Shame. A broom and a can, carrying on head, symbol of misfortune of scavengers

family household: “They are untouchables” Obviously the young boy had a desire to touch them “to see if they were any different from others”. The extreme anger of his grand-mother might be known to entire vicinity, she would inform the priest who would force the boy to dip in the Ganga water and to gulp down the urine and cow dung (considered sacred) for purification. He was ten years old and would never forget how at 4 A.M. in the morning all women of the house surreptitiously slipped out of the house for “responding to the needs of nature” in the nearby fields while profiting of the darkness for escaping other’s eyes. Only the richest land holder of the village had a latrine and each day, while going to school, Bindeshwar came across the women who cleaned up the latrine and carried the excreta on their head. “I observed but I was not conscious of the problem”. He confronted the problem just by chance, in 1968, while taking tea on the platform of Hajipur (Bihar). Two elderly people, close to his maternal grandfather who had accompanied Gandhi on his tours, accosted and persuaded him to join the Bihar Gandhi Birth Centenary Celebration Committee, its sessions were going to take place in Patna on the occasion of the birth centenary of Mahatma (1869-1948). By this time, Bindeshwar had of course read the biography of Gandhi but he was hardly familiar with his ideas. He was going to discover these in the committee, where 167


he was attached to the section responsible for rehabilitation of scavengers and for eradication of the status of untouchability. Since 1901, the young Gandhi, still unknown, had stupefied the members of Congress Party in Calcutta by taking a can and a broom for cleaning the toilet and for denouncing the undignified life and conditions of the scavengers. In his Sabarmati Ashram, founded in 1917, he had made the rule that everyone cleans up one’s own toilet. During his entire life, the problem of hygiene and the fate of Bhangis haunted Mahatma, who made a vow “Perhaps I will never be reborn, but if it happens, I would like to be born in the family of Bhangis and be able to liberate them from this inhuman, insane and hassling practice of carrying excreta on their head”. It occurred to Bindeshwar Pathak to execute this vow. “I did not know about the problem, had no competence nor any qualification as an engineer and moreover I was a Brahman”. He opens up to his superior who replies: “It does not matter; I have seen the light on your face and I am sure you will be the best for this task”. And Bindeshwar begins the job by the most radical manner. He went to live with Bhangis for three months. The first day he discovers that they don’t clean up their toilets which are in repulsive/repugnant dirty state. He did it himself before the astounded eyes of his room mates. “My first action was to convince them to do for themselves 168

what they do for others.” He familiarized himself with their style of living, the drinks, the games, the obligations to the newly wed to obey the motherin-law and to go with her to clean the toilet. And a commotion in his family, for a son who is a traitor to his caste by going along with the untouchables. Rejected by the Brahman community which disallowed him to sit by his side. His father-in-law cries for the humiliation to his daughter; Bindeshwar had just married in an arranged marriage. He did not submit and pursued his mission. More as a duty than as sacrifice. Till the day a boy got himself hurt by a buffalo’s horns in the street. People came to his help but suddenly, a voice raised, “This is an untouchable”. “Everyone went aside, leaving the body”, he remembers. “I took him to hospital alone but he was dead by the time we arrived”. This was at Bettiah, a town of the district of West Champaran (Bihar), the place where the young Gandhi had initiated Satyagraha – the non-violent civil disobedience – against the planters of Indigo. A sign for Bindeshwar. That day, he makes a sermon of realizing the wish of Mahatma and tells this to his near-ones, “You have still seen nothing. Hence forward, I will do nothing but this: eradicate untouchability and take out scavengers from their conditions”. A Salutary Invention To achieve this, he understood very fast that there was only one effective means: create an

alternative to the latrines, simple and cheap, which render the job of scavenger useless. He then drowned himself to specialized works and soon arrived at the conclusion that out of all the invented systems, “that with the double pit appears to be the most practical and most suitable at the global level”. The “twin-pit pourflush compost toilet” was born. The principle was simple: the WC in Turkish style, a pan of sharp slope, and a special siphon with hydraulic joint which does not require more than 1.5 to 2 litres of water for being cleaned. The WC is linked to two separate pits used alternatively. As soon as one is full, we leave it to dry up allowing it to become compost and the other is used. Their volume is calculated with respect to the number of users and in 2-3 years one pit is filled up. Scavengers are no more required. Those days a “twin-pit system” cost only 10 U.S. dollars. We are in 1970. Gandhi Centenary Celebration Committee had stopped its activities and Bindeshwar found himself alone with his invention. The members of the committee suggested him to found an NGO. This was done on 5 March 1970 with the birth of Sulabh (Sulabh International Social Service Organisation). On the demand of local officials, he equips the municipal building and the platform at Arrah – at 50 kms from Patna, the capital of Bihar. Inspite of the welcome by people, Bindeshwar gets little response: “An NGO or a government cannot realize alone the social


Progress. This sanitary complex with bath, toilets and cloakrooms, situated at Shirdi (Maharashtra) where lived in 19th century a famous guru and since then a place for pilgrimage, was constructed by Sulabh NGO

programmes; each one on his side, they have to work together”. To arrive at this, there was a need “of a letter which can lift mountains” addressed to the government of Bihar and signed by a magical surname Gandhi and name Indira. In this missive, the lady in power at Delhi expresses surprise at non-application of the “fourth clause of the plan aiming at eliminating the odious practice of carrying the fecal material on head” and asks the government of the state to “pay special attention to the problem”. The voice was now open. Bindeshwar, now with the support of the administration constructs the public toilets all over Bihar and to the individuals who received special grants for getting their latrines changed. He took up special bet on paid WC (today it costs one rupee,

half of two centimes of a euro). Many people rallied against this “toll” which was incompatible to their local mentality. But they were wrong because Sulabh in exchange engaged in maintaining the place clean, the staff kept the place guarded. The day the first WC was opened at Patna, more than 500 persons used it and paid. “This was the beginning of all”. The towns and then the neighboring states get interested. Now the U.N., with the World Health Organisation, recognized the validity of the system. The Sulabh NGO has today made more than 1.2 million of private toilets, more than 7500 public sanitation centres, at hundreds of places, out of which many have bath facilities and cloak facilities, and are also situated at pilgrim centres. They are in 1250 towns,

in all states of the country, and more than 10 million Indians use the facilities everyday. In matter of sanitation programmes in poor countries, Sulabh is hence forward a reference. And the Bhangis? The NGO claims 640 towns “free of scavengers” and more than 120,000 untouchables came out of their condition. Alwar, in Rajasthan, with 300000 population is one of the “liberated” cities. Thanks to the installation of a training center Nai Disha – where various workshops (sewing, cutting, embroidery, body-care, making of cakes/ biscuits, pasta/ noodles) occupied 160 women during our visit. Here, everything started in 2002 when Bindeshwar Pathak while passing through Alwar with a team of B.B.C, shouted at 169


Double Pit in place of unhealthy toilets. Sulabh NGO is trying to popularize this type of simple and cheap toilets which consume less water

a group of women scavengers, “Why do you do this work?” They reply, “because we don’t know to do anything else”. “And if I propose you to do something else, will you accept it?” Usha Chaumar, an earlier scavenger, remembers, “I had remarked – do you know someone who wants to do this job?” The same evening, many dozens of them came at Hazuri gate, the area of the untouchables, around Bindeshwar Pathak who came to explain his project, “create a centre for teaching them another job and to definitely take them out of latrines. They listened, gently nodding their head. Sceptical. He was not the first social worker to visit them. They know that words are rarely followed by action and the elderly are there to kill the dreams of the young. “No one touches you. Who will teach you?” The sentence in English 170

is terrible, “No one touches you, who will teach you?” This was the general sentiment in the community. And now for Bindeshwar to convince them of their sincerity. “Have you ever been to Delhi?” He asked them. Obviously, no one had visited the capital. And he invites them with husband and children. Another Life The Sulabh NGO was henceforward well established in its Palam Campus, not far from the airport of Delhi. Classes of English in school for untouchables’ children mixed with other castes, workshop of stitching, hair cutting, cabinetmaking (wood-work), work of mechanic, initiation to computers…... hundreds of children and apprentices. When the women of Alwar arrive, they touch them, they greet them,

they talk to them as one talks to ‘normal’ people. And, to prove that they are normal, Bindeshwar invites them to the restaurant of Maurya Sheraton, a 5-Star hotel. Big effect on the invitees who are “full of confidence and joy”. They recounted all this faithfully at Hazuri gate, where they had to take up their work full of ingratitude. They had to wait for one year before the opening of the centre of Nai Disha, and even then they did not come. To the eyes of the elderly, for whom nothing was possible, a big uncertainty continued: if they don’t clean any more latrines, how will they earn their livelihood. Bindeshwar promised a scholarship of Rs. 1500/- per month (the scavengers did not earn more than Rs. 300 to 400 per month) to all those who join Nai Disha, but still no one came. They are less than thirty to get registered. “The first day, I went to do my work before coming to the centre”, remembers Usha. As soon as the first pay arrived, everything changed. “I put the money in a small box in the house and I showed them to other women”. This was the proof that this man was true to his words and then the volunteers came. And those who had lost their scavengers, some came to the area of untouchables to ask them to take up their jobs. The scavenger women did not give up, forgetting their cans and brooms, the instrument of their misfortune. Another life started for them, liberated from the constraints of their caste. To make it known in a


spectacular way, Sulabh organized in July 2008 an event well reported by Press: a fashion parade by ex-scavengers in company of Indian models in headquarters of United Nations at New York. Some thirty of them boarded aeroplane for the first time, they posed at the feet of the Statue of Liberty and put on Saris designed by a big fashion designer of Delhi. Neetu was there. At her home, at Hazuri gate, she is not tired of telling about her travel before her neighbours and her husband, wisely sitting on a canape, hands crossed on knees, intimidated before this assembly of women. “We walked with models wearing the dresses that we have ourselves stitched. We were doing honour to India”. From these women people turned away earlier and now they are looked at with envy; while one meets her man on the

Pride. Ex-scavenger, Usha Chaumar (in blue) was invited at U.N.O. at New York

street, one murmurs, “This is the husband of the woman who went to New York!” We met Dolly at Tonk, another town “free of scavengers”, two hours away from Jaipur in Rajasthan. She started this work at 13 with her mother and sister. She is now 21. She is jolly, live with sparkling eyes, wearing her red sari with a natural elegance and replying tac to tac to her interlocutors. She cleaned latrines in the morning, and went to school in the afternoon. Dolly wanted to learn and in 2008, she rejoined Sulabh after having successfully convinced her grandmother. The Flame of Gandhi There years later, she is one of the first to be emancipated gradually from the centre of learning to lead her boat. She left for a few hours the marriage of her sister, for driving us to her new friend, Beena, to whom she teaches the art of hemming and crossstitching. The young women offer us tea in the bedroom of Beena, the room of an ordinary girl, with posters on the wall, and the soft-toys on the quilt. A scene unimaginable three years ago: Dolly cleaned up the latrine of Beena and could have never entered into the intimate parts of the house. Today she gives her the lesson of stitching. A Bhangi friend with a Rajput, who tells her about her marriage in front of us. She does not know the ‘lucky boy’ – of the same caste

– chosen by her parents, but she will have the right to refuse. Dolly congratulates her. “You who have broken the caste by coming out of latrines, are you going to marry in the same caste?” “Absolutely” the reply is instantaneous. Marriage is not her present concern – she prefers a scholarship and pursuing her studies but, in no case, does she think of marriage out of her caste. Dolly puts it all on her parents, “They know better than us”. On the other hand, she would demand from her future husband, “an engagement written and signed” according to which neither she nor her children will ever be scavengers or even cleaners. No question of cleaning for others whoever it may be. “Never” in a flat tone without any appeal/request. If Usha, Neetu, Dolly and dozens of thousands of other untouchable women could breach the law of their caste, thanks to the one whom they call “bapu”, Bindeshwar Pathak, their second father, who believed in the precepts of another “bapu”, the Mahatma Gandhi, and applied them. In this country, launched in the society of consumption where body and soul are lost, the journey and work of this man of goodness, known and appreciated all over the world shows that the flame of Gandhi is still alive. In India, a Brahman can still change the life of the poor with few things: with the simple water closets.

Note: *This is the english translation of the original article which was published in Fench.

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LOKMAT TIMES (City Pulse) 26th December, 2010

'We have Tech & Methodology but no Strategy' By Bagish K Jha NAGPUR: "Those who willingly help others are true Gandhians," says Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak, Founder of Sulabh International Social Service Organisation, one of the biggest NGOs in India and a pioneer in low cost sanitation. In 1969 Dr. Pathak became a member of a committee formed during the Gandhi centenary celebrations in Patna. The aim of the committee was to liberate scavengers. The committee failed to make the desired impact. But Pathak did. He started the Sulabh Shauchalaya in 1970 by designing a flush toilet, which functioned without being connected to the sewerage. His organisation has since then constructed 1.2 million Sulabh Shauchalayas, 7,500 public toilet-cum-bath complexes, 200 nightsoil based biogas plants and have liberated and rehabilitated more than a million scavengers and trained 7,000 wards of liberated scavengers. For all these accomplishments, he has been awarded with the Padma Bhushan, the International Saint Francis Prize for the Environment, the NRI Gold Award, Dubai International Award for Best Practices to Improve the Living Environment 2000 and the most recent Stockholm Water Prize in year 2009. Despite his long list of achievements Dr. Pathak, a Gandhian at heart, believes that there is still a long way to go, before we achieve our socioenvironmental goal. He visited Lokmat office on Saturday evening, wherein he was welcomed by Chairman of Lokmat 172

Media Ltd. and Rajya Sabha member Vijay Darda. The man who gave new meaning to sanitation through his innovations, has come up with yet another innovationâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;optimised water conservation sanitation system. Which requires only 1.5 liters of water per flush, in contrast to conventional toilets that require a minimum of 10 liters. "In total we have six billion toilets in the world and we use 60 billion liters of water per uses of flush, through this new system we can save 54 billion of water per flush," said Pathak adding that it is remarkable in a time when people are predicting that the third world war will be fought over water. "We have technology, methodology but no strategy. Still 2.6 billion people are deprived of sanitation and if we go by the present system, it will take 3000 years to provide sanitation facilities to everyone," observed Dr. Pathak adding that we need missionaries of sanitation to achieve this goal in a short span of time. Appreciate his social contribution and Dr. Pathak says that he is just taking forward the movement of Gandhi. "People are only following the life-style of Gandhi, I am trying to execute his philosophy. Gandhi's thoughts and ideas are relevant even today, we just need to find out the ways to adopt it," said he. And that is why Gandhi's son once said, "I am the son of Gandhi, but Dr. Pathak is the son of Gandhi's soul. If we together go to meet Gandhi in heaven, he will first hug Dr. Pathak."


Making Bharat Swachh since 4 decades The Sulabh Shauchalya man Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak

‘Swachh Bharat’ is recent. ‘Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are post Y2K. But there is a visionary, who started over 4 decades back. His resolve to uplift the lot of the scavenger (manual cleaners and carriers of human excreta) community, paved the way for the biggest sanitation wave in India and the world. Every Indian knows of Sulabh Shauchalaya, but not many know the story of the man behind the sanitation giant – Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak. The man has over 46 awards, 8 fellowships, and 5 memberships, some of which include the Padma Bhushan (1991), Stockholm Water Prize (2009), International Saint Francis Prize, UNEP Global 500 Scroll of Honour Award, and the UNHabitat Scroll of Honour; the list is endless.

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First brush with the issue of untouchability “When I was a boy, a lady used to come to my home to deliver bamboo objects. When the lady used to leave, my grandmother would sprinkle the entire house with holy water. I was curious about this lady. Many people used to come to our house, but my grandmother didn’t sprinkle water those times. I asked my grandmother and she said that the lady is untouchable and if I touch her, I would get polluted. My curiosity led me to touch the lady and I found no change in my body! My grandmother made a hue and cry and summoned the Pandit to come and tell the family of how we could overcome this crime. I was looked at as a criminal.” The Pandit came up with a solution. “If you put cow dung in his mouth, cow urine to drink and make him bathe in the holy river (during winters), then he will be pure.” Young Dr. Pathak went through this ordeal and this was his first brush with the issue of untouchability in India.

I wanted to be a teacher “I came first in my second year and got scholarship as well. But I took up criminology as a subject in my third year and could not do well in that paper. As a result, my total score dropped and I missed out on the opportunity of being a lecturer, which was my ambition.” He then became a school teacher in a high school. The salary was low. “It wasn’t even $2 a month”, says Dr. Pathak. He then moved onto a business related to medicines for a year. He decided to go back to studying but destiny had other plans. “I believe in God and Destiny. I was travelling to get admission in Sagar University in Madhya Pradesh by train. I got down at Hajipur (Bihar) to have tea, and two persons came to me and told me about this amazing job with benefits. I abandoned my train journey and went to the place. The man-in-charge got up and said – ‘who told you there is a permanent job? This committee is only for 3 years, of which only 2 years are left’” With the vacancy at Sagar university gone, Dr. Pathak stayed back in Hajipur and took up this job where he just translated from Hindi to English and vice versa, that too without a salary! In 1967, Rajendra Lal Das, a Sarvodaya Member appealed to him to align himself with the issues that Mahatma Gandhi felt strongly about – the social issues the scavenger community is fraught with and the ways to liberate them. “In Sociology, we were taught that if we want to understand a community, we have to be a part of them.” He decided to live in a scavenger colony in Bettiah district of Bihar for three months. A Brahmin staying in an untouchable community was a crime in the 60s’.

3 months that changed everything “One day, I saw a newly-wed girl from the community, crying bitterly because her in-laws were forcing her to go to Bettiah town to clean toilets. I asked the mother-in-law – Why are you forcing her? The mother-in-law replied – What will she do anyway? If she sells vegetables, no one 174


will buy from her.” Dr. Pathak says that this is one of the black spots in Indian history that if you have committed a crime, not a heinous one, you can be released from jail but Indian society is such that if you’re born an untouchable, you will die an untouchable and suffer with scant chance of escape. Another incident of a boy dying because people refused to help the untouchable scavenger boy, hit Dr. Pathak deeply. Dr. Pathak’s father-in-law did not agree with Dr. Pathak’s ways. “He was a doctor, a rich man. I don’t want to see your face! Our culture is not such to reply to elders. But that day I said – Look, I have begun turning the pages of history of India and to fulfil the dreams of Mahatma Gandhi.” “I then took a vow. I will fulfil the dream of Mahatma Gandhi. This is the beginning of the beginning of my whole journey”. He decided to liberate scavengers through low cost sanitation by inventing the twin-pit pour-flush model.

The Sulabh technology is very well explained in the manual by Sulabh International – “The Sulabh technology is a very simple device. It consists of two pits with sealed covers and a water seal. Both the pits are used alternately. After one pit fills, excreta is diverted into the second pit, keeping the first pit in a ‘rest period’ for 2 years, during which excreta converts to solid, odourless, pathogen-free manure. It can be dug out easily by the beneficiary and used as manure. This technology does not require manual cleaning of human excreta. This toilet was named Sulabh Shauchalaya, which could be adopted in different hydro-geological conditions with some precautions. The two-pit pour-flush toilet was successfully introduced in urban areas. It was found to be a safe and hygienic system for the disposal of human waste in the absence of sewers and septic tanks. Before his arrival on the scene nobody, including engineers, was ready to believe that this technology could work in urban areas.” 175


Then to Now In 1973, he was given Rs. 500 to build two Sulabh Shauchalayas for demonstration in the compound of the Arrah Municipality, a small town of Bihar. Since then Sulabh Shauchalaya has converted about 1.3 million bucket toilets into Sulabh Shauchalayas throughout the country; and more than a million scavengers have been liberated with more than 640 towns made scavenging-free.

“When I started in 1973, I was the only one, not just in India but the world. And in Bihar, when I went to talk about toilets, the man I was speaking to said – let’s talk after tea. How can we talk about toilets while having tea!This was the condition in Bihar that nobody wanted to talk about toilets.” “There was a meeting in the Bihar government. There were two officials, one the secretary of the department (now called urban development) and the other the administrator of the Patna municipal corporation who was an IAS Engineer who put his foot down because being an engineer himself, he had not learnt of the technology. He decided that the Sulabh Shauchalaya project will not take off till he continued as the Administrator of Patna. The secretarial department came to Dr. Pathak’s rescue, and the official said: “I don’t agree with your views, this is a new technology. We will allow this man to put up 200 toilets in Bihar, and if it works, it will change the history of India”. Sulabh replaced bucket toilets in Bihar. The people who earlier wanted a septic tank model, now began demanding the Sulabh Shauchalaya system. The pilot that started in 1973, gave way to one of the biggest waves in sanitation across the world. The UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) even has a detailed report on the workings and success of the programme. The 2002 summit in Johannesburg, the World Summit on Sustainable Development put down a goal of providing 2.6 billion toilets around the world by 2015 and to the entire population by 2025. Dr. Pathak comments, ... read more on social.yourstory.com

In the last 13 years, the number has only come down to 2.5. Why? Because they are still depending on the sewerage system and they have not adopted the Sulabh Shauchalaya technology so far. Africa, Asia and Latin America have to depend on Sulabh Shauchalaya technologies. These three regions have no money and need optimization. Even the countries that have the money and are technologically advanced, Japan for example, use tankers to bring the waste to a factory to convert waste to fertilizer. Why have a septic tank, then clean the human excreta, then get it to the factory and covert to fertilizer?

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Economic benefits Sulabh International Social Service Organization has gone ahead and done the math. They have drawn the economic burden comparison between the Sulabh two pit system and the traditional septic tank. The numbers are for everyone to see. Water saved in one year by the Sulabh two-pit system is 49056 million litres!

On caste, uplift and education Dr. Pathak believes that in India, untouchables require social acceptance. He aligned his work with the guidelines given by late Dr. Ambedkar to understand whether untouchability has been eradicated or not. “When everybody will go to a temple to worship, when everybody will take bath in the same pond, everyone will draw water from the same well, and everybody will dine together. I fulfilled all these in two towns one of which is Alwar (Rajasthan).” Dr. Pathak stresses the fact that education is key to development for all spheres in society. “Any society has grown only because of education. We started giving the workers English and Hindi lessons. Then we started giving books. They are now able to apply for jobs that helps them earn 10-15 thousand a month. The community has branched into other professions and is freeing themselves. ” A staunch believer of Gandhian views and of Ambedkar as well, Dr. Pathak says, “I have not changed the caste; it’s the same caste now, status has changed. Now they’re not called

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untouchables. They go with Brahmins and upper caste to dine and to sit together. This great change has happened in the country. This is very important. We have brought together both the concept of Gandhi and Ambedkar. We have brought a change in the society’s social structure.”

His Motivation His mother used to say – always serve humankind.

“I feel happy. People ask me – how do you enjoy yourself? When I meet people, I feel very happy, I can see that I’m lucky to see that what I started off has brought change in my own lifetime. There is a sense of satisfaction.”

Not a Businessman, not a Social Entrepreneur, but a Social Scientist “Business I don’t like. By chance, when I started off, I was told by an IAS officer to not take grants and charge money for implementation of the programme and whatever is saved, pay your mason. Business means, earn more and spend less. Social programmes mean earn more and spend more and save less,” Dr. Pathak laughs and insists that he isn’t a social entrepreneur, but a social scientist.

“Entrepreneurship has come to me by accident. I’m not a businessman. I wanted to study social sciences and the society and its problems.” Despite a 275 crore social enterprise, Dr. Pathak is a humble man. He credits the change in the lives of untouchables in India to technological innovations in sanitation. His journey is one that will inspire many to look at social enterprise in a different light. Dr. Pathak is also proof that technology, innovation and impact go hand in hand.

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Meet the ‘toilet man of India’ ALJAZEERA - Showkat Shafi | 21 Aug 2015 Dr Bindeshwar Pathak has built 1.3 million toilets in India where nearly half of billion plus people defecate in open. According to the UN, around 595 million people, or nearly half of India’s population, defecates in the open. In his first Independence Day address on August 15, 2014, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi made the building of toilets in rural India, one of his government’s major priorities. A year later the Indian government claims that their “Clean India” campaign has since achieved the target of ensuring separate toilets for boys and girls in all schools across the country. They also claimed to have constructed around 800,000 toilets in rural India. But according to some reports in local media, while the toilets may be getting built, many villagers have refused to change their habits, and toilets are lying empty. Al Jazeera spoke to Dr Bindeshwar Pathak - founder of Sulabh International - who has made it his mission since Sulabh’s founding in 1970, to raise awareness of better hygiene through the building of toilets across the country. Al Jazeera: Why are there so many millions of Indians living without toilets? Pathak: In India in [the] Puranic period [Vedic period] it was suggested that Indians don’t defecate near human habitation. It was also suggested that one should go at a distance, dig a small pit, put some grass and leaves in it and then defecate. This practice of defecation in the open is still prevalent in India, especially in the rural areas, in urban slums and at places of religious gatherings. In earlier days, the villages had trees, bushes and raised mounds where one could take cover while defecating. This and the tropical climate only helped people to observe this practice freely. Therefore, it has cultural legacy; besides while many people do not have adequate money to build the toilets, in some cases no place is available to build the toilets. 179


AJ: Has the approach to toilets changed in India? Pathak: When I used to meet people in [the India state of Bihar in 1968, they used to discourage me to talk about toilets. Now talking about toilets has become common in this country and even the Prime Minister of India mentions about it; and we have been able to provide toilet relatedsolutions not only to India but also to 2.5 billion people across the globe who have no access to safe and hygienic toilets. The toilets are now being built by the NGOs, government bodies and others. The goal now is not only to build toilets but to also get people to use them. AJ: How do you convince people and why are villagers refusing? How did you get involved in this field? Pathak: During childhood and formative years of my life, belonging to an orthodox Brahmin family and living in a village, I saw the elders and specially women of the family, including my mother and aunts being constrained to rise early in the morning and go out to the fields to ease themselves, and undergo the pain and discomfort of holding back the urge to evacuate during the day and wait till dark to go out to answer call of nature. I did not feel happy about all this. Secondly as a child I saw the person who used to come to clean the house being shunned and all of us being told not to touch because he was an untouchable. But out of curiosity I touched him, which was not taken favorably by my family members. My grandmother forced me to undergo a purification ritual of swallowing urine, sand and Ganges water. These experiences and incidents firmed my resolve to make it my mission to see that untouchability is mitigated and the obnoxious practice of defecating in the open is eliminated. More than 53 percent of Indian homes — about 70 percent in the villages — lack toilets [EPA] AJ: But how did you get involved in building toilets? What prompted you to build more than a million toilets in peoples’ homes? Pathak: My aim was to make people aware about importance of toilets and to let people know there are some 50 types of diseases that one can get from not having a toilet. Lack of toilets can cause diahorrea and dehydration, and mortality rate increases among children. My target was to provide safe and hygienic toilets to women so that they could use toilets in safety and with dignity, and girls go to schools. My aim was to rescue the untouchables from this sub-human occupation and to bring them in the mainstream of society which was the dream of Mahatma Gandhi. My endeavor was also to demonstrate how toilets can be built and maintained for the use of people in the public places like bus stands, markets, railway stations etc. Since 1970, our NGO Sulabh, has converted and constructed 1.3 million household toilets and constructed and are maintaining more than 8,000 public toilets on “pay and use” basis all over the country, of which 200 of them are attached with biogas plants.

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I invented the two-pit pour-flush ecologically compatible compost toilet â&#x20AC;Ś but all this required a great deal of effort moving from house to house motivating people overcoming their reluctance to install toilets in their houses. AJ: You mentioned safety and security for women. Pathak: Yes. There have been many instances where women and the girls were raped when they went outside for defecation. You must have read many times about this in newspapers. For example, how in Badaun two girls were raped and then hanged. We have built 108 individual household toilets to save the girls from harassment. If the toilets are built inside the houses, I think the incidence of rapes will decline. AJ: Since Narendra Modi became prime minister, he has spoken up about the need for improving sanitation, even launching a toilet campaign. But is it working? And is there any real success of the campaign on the ground? Pathak: Honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s campaign has ignited the minds of Indians and talking about toilets has become commonplace now. The whole nation has woken up and everywhere there is talk and attempt being made to provide toilets in both the places i.e. individual and public places. It is working well. The prime minister is the first person who has taken up this cause wholeheartedly. He is the first prime minister to talk about toilets, even with the President of America, Barack Obama. He has also talked about toilets in Australia and China. So the outcome of the campaign is gaining ground and the nation is on the march and the whole nation is agog with talk about toilets which is creating public opinion to see that by 2019 no one goes out to defecate in open. AJ: Do you think one day every Indian house will have its own toilet? Pathak: As the target set out by the prime minister to build toilet in all the houses by 2019, to pay tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary, I hope by that year every house will have a toilet.

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In India’s ‘arsenic belt’, water project brings relief ALJAZEERA - 01 February 2016

West Bengal long suffered cancerous effects of arsenic-laced water, but projects to provide clean water show promise. - Shaikh Azizur Rahman

Arsenic-contaminated groundwater has killed scores of people in West Bengal. Experts recommend water in wells be tested for arsenic at least twice every year [Shaikh Azizur Rahman/Al Jazeera]

Madhusudankati, West Bengal, India - For decades, Manatosh Biswas - a farmer who lives in the middle of eastern India’s so-called “arsenic belt” - had no idea that he was drinking contaminated water. 182


About 15 years ago, he sought treatment for some lesions on his feet and was told that he was suffering from arsenicosis after having been exposed to the toxic element for years. Doctors advised him to stop drinking the arsenic-contaminated groundwater from his village’s wells, but he could not afford to buy bottled water. Fortunately for Biswas, last year the Sulabh Safe Drinking Water Project (SSDWP), an initiative run by a New Delhi-based NGO, found a way to provide clean and cheap drinking water to the region. “This water costing one-third or one-fourth of the other, cheaper packaged water in the market has brought a big relief to all in my village,” Biswas told Al Jazeera. “Most of the poor residents in my village, who, for financial constraints, could not access arsenic-free packaged water, are drinking safe water after decades.”

Manatosh Biswas, 51, is suffering from Bowen’s disease - a pre-cancerous condition from drinking arsenic-contaminated water before the lesions appeared all over his body. He kept drinking the contaminated water in spite of warnings from doctors for almost 14 years because he could not afford to buy regular bottled drinking water [Shaikh Azizur Rahman/Al Jazeera]

While regular bottled water may cost between four rupees (6 cents) and 15 rupees (22 cents) per litre, SSDWP is providing clean water to the villagers for 50 paise (1 cent) a litre. “Some among us got the Sulabh water tested at some labs and found it free from all contaminants, including arsenic,” said Biswas. “Also, it’s very cheap. This water has come as a wonderful gift for the poor people in our village.” A recent survey conducted by the NGO running the project found that arsenicosis victims who switched to drinking Sulabh water last year have seen rapid improvements in their health. 183


A dangerous drink When the practice of drilling deep tube wells in eastern India began in the 1960s, people were advised to drink groundwater drawn through them to protect themselves from water-borne diseases such as cholera that often trigger epidemics. Later, tens of thousands of shallow tube wells were also sunk in the areas where aquifers lie closer to the ground.

A farmer waters his crops using groundwater at Teghoria village. Scientists have long warned that deadly arsenic is entering the food chain because of the rampant use of arsenic-rich groundwater in irrigation [Shaikh Azizur Rahman/Al Jazeera]

But in the 1990s, high levels of naturally occurring arsenic were detected in water drawn from tube wells in Bangladesh and eastern India. Drinking arsenic-rich water for a long period of time leads to arsenicosis, which causes skin lesions, cancer, and many other diseases. After scientists and doctors warned that millions of people in West Bengal were drinking the contaminated groundwater, the state government set up a number of groundwater de-arsenification plants. But most of them failed to effectively remove the arsenic from the water, and many scientists have long suggested that using treated surface water is a better solution to the problem - advice largely ignored by the government. 184


Towards the end of 2014, Sulabh International Social Service Organisation (SISSO), a New Delhi-based NGO, set up the SSDWP with assistance from 1001 Fontaines, a French NGO. Managed by Madhusudankati Samabay Krishi Unnayan Samity, a local village cooperative, the project treats pond water using modern filtration technology and has succeeded in mitigating the arsenic problem in some villages, said local residents, doctors, and those running the project. Kalipada Sarkar, who heads the Madhusudankati village cooperative, said this is the first project in the region to use pond water to produce potable water.

Inside the Sulabh Water plant at Madhusudankati. Workers collect treated pond water in refillable jars. The plant produces 4,000 litres of treated potable water every day [Shaikh Azizur Rahman/Al Jazeera]

“After running the plant for over a year, we find that our mission to provide clean water in about a dozen villages has been very successful,” Sarkar explained, adding that ponds used for the project are fenced off, and that villagers are not allowed to access them to bathe or do their laundry. “Every month, samples from our plant get tested at the lab of a reputed engineering college [the Indian Institute of Engineering and Science Technology]. They never found arsenic or any other substance, which makes water harmful for drinking, beyond permissible level,” said Sarkar. 185


In an attempt to provide arsenic-free water, the Madhusudankati village cooperative initially set up an arsenic removal plant attached to a deep tube well. But that plant failed to solve the crisis, Sarkar said. “Safe disposal of the sludge generated at the plant, without contaminating the surface water sources with arsenic, was a very difficult task. Also, with time, we found that the contamination level with arsenic of the groundwater was increasing. The situation was turning unmanageable and we were forced to shut it down,” he said.

Water from this pond is used to feed the Sulabh Water plant at Madhusudankati village. ‘Bathing and washing of clothing are not allowed in this pond,’ warns a signboard by the pond [Shaikh Azizur Rahman/Al Jazeera]

Since the Sulabh surface water project began functioning, it has been a “big relief ” for the mostly poor residents in the dozen villages served, said local doctor, Subal Sarkar (no relation to Kalipada Sarkar). “Among people who have been using the Sulabh water for some time now, the occurrence of dermatitis, dysentery, some gynecological diseases and other ailments, which are often caused by an overdose of arsenic in drinking water, has dropped considerably. Even in many cases arsenic keratoses [a type of skin growth] and other arsenic-triggered dark spots are fading away from the skins of the arsenicosis patients who have switched to drinking the Sulabh water,” Dr Sarkar told Al Jazeera.

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Surface water as a solution Six years ago, the School of Environmental Studies (SoES) at Kolkata’s Jadavpur University reported that in West Bengal, more than five million people were drinking water with arsenic contamination at 50 parts per billion (ppb) - five times the World Health Organisation’s permissible limit of 10ppb.

People are collecting Sulabh Water from the Madhusudankati plant. Sulabh water is fast becoming popular among the villagers and Sulabh authorities are planning to increase the capacity of the plant [Shaikh Azizur Rahman/Al Jazeera]

SoES research director Dipankar Chakraborti, who has studied the arsenic problem in South Asia for three decades, said that treating surface water can provide the best solution to arsenic-contaminated groundwater, given the abundance of ponds and small lakes in rural West Bengal. “We have seen how over the years most of the groundwater arsenic removal plants in West Bengal have failed to supply clean water. It’s heartening to know that some organisations have set up a drinking water project sourcing water from a pond,” said Chakraborti. “If they can keep the water finally free from pesticide, insecticide, fertiliser, harmful microbes, etc, the project will succeed to solve a decades-old problem of clean drinking water in some villages of the arsenicaffected region,” Chakraborti explained. Arsenic-rich groundwater is also used in irrigation and food preparation, which poses a threat to public health, the scientist noted.

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Most of the carrot fields in the area are irrigated by groundwater drawn from tube wells. Scientists have found that vegetables growing in the arsenic belt during the non-monsoon season are usually contaminated with arsenic [Shaikh Azizur Rahman/Al Jazeera]

In West Bengal, SISSO has set up three drinking water projects to provide safe drinking water. While the project at Madhusudankati uses pond water, the other two, located in other districts of the state, use water from the Ganges River.

Rice is planted in a groundwater-irrigated field around Gaighata village. Rice grown in the arsenic belt is usually highly contaminated with arsenic, scientists have found [Shaikh Azizur Rahman/Al Jazeera] 188


Bindeshwar Pathak, the founder of SISSO, said the project’s success has encouraged him to try to bring safe water to wider areas of the arsenic-risk zone. “Among our three projects in Bengal, the Madhusudankati project is unique because, in a first among all water projects in arsenic-risk zone of West Bengal, it uses pond water. We have followed the advice of some experts like Dipankar Chakraborti, refrained from drawing groundwater, and have built a successful drinking water project using pond water,” said Pathak. “We are planning to come up with some more such pond water-based water projects across this state, aiming to bring relief to many more arsenic-affected villages in West Bengal.”

In Teghoria village, arsenic-contaminated groundwater has killed scores of people in past years. But locals said that they did not know if the water of the tube well was being tested by the authorities regularly [Shaikh Azizur Rahman/Al Jazeera]

Source: http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2016/01/indias-arsenic-belt-waterproject-brings-relief-160128090612395.html 189


The Times of India, Kolkata Ray of hope in battle against arsenic

28 June, 2016 / By Krishnendu Bandyopadhyay

Pond-Based Filtered Water Project Shows Way Open-pond arsenic-free filtered water project at Madhusudankati in North 24-Parganas' Gaighata block, 70 km northeast of Kolkata, is giving a ray of hope to nearly 30 million arsenic-hit people living in eight districts of Bengal. Sulabh, which spearheaded the nation's first community-based hygiene movement, has not only set up the plant, but has also found a way out sustaining the water project through a unique rural entrepreneurship. Sulabh International Social Service Organization (SISSO) has developed the pondbased arsenic-free water supply system which can be a model for entire Bengal. This comes at a time when deep tube wells with arsenic filters failed to resolve the issue. Quite a sizeable population in Bengal -16 million in rural and 12 million in urban areas -in eight districts are hit by arsenic menace. Arsenic contamination leads to cancer of skin, lungs, gall bladder and other internal organs, and also dise ases like hyperpigmentation and keratosis. Provision of safe drinking water and medical relief along with long-term change in agricultural and irrigation practices are needed to tackle the menace After Madhusudankati, the same model is being repli cated at Mayapur in Nadia and parts of Midnapore and Musrhidabad. SISSO founder Bindeshwar Pathak, the father of India's biggest hygiene movement, said, “I am inspired by the success of Madhusudankati water project and will replicate the model across the country's arseniczones. Now, there is a strong demand for such projects from many states.“ Pathak is revered as `god-sent' to hundreds of Gaighata residents. Swapan Das of Jayanti village in Gaighata cannot even react on his own plight. Even a minor bout of anger can lead to heart attack. The `arsenic' he has consumed has incapacitated him for over a year, forcing his two sons -aged 12 and 13 -to hard manual labour -loha bhangar kaaj. But he hopes that his progeny will not have to drink the poison any more. Professor K J Nath, who is the vice-chancellor of Sulabh International Institute of Environmental Sanitation and Public Health and chairman of the arsenic task force of West Bengal government, said, “Madhusudankati is an eye-opener. This model ensures supply of fully treated and safe water as per WHO standard.“ Nineteen deaths have been reported in the recent times from the villages of Jayanti and Tegharia. “We are drinking the poison helplessly ,“ said Putiram Das, another villager. Water gives life, but here it snatches it as well. Almost the entire Gaighata block is affected. Shampa Das' two-storey house at Tegharia is the tallest structure in the village dotted with hutments. But she is scared. “I insisted that we must move out from here. But we have a business here. Even the `dub' (green coconut) water is not safe. I got it tested and the arsenic level is much greater than the tolerable limit,“ she said. “The vegetables we grow in the field also have high arsenic content,“ said Prabhat Malakar. The local cooperative, entrusted with daily operation and maintenance of the project, sells potable water 50 paise per litre and distributes a barrel with 20 litres free of cost to each BPL family every alternative day .

Source: http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31812&articlexml=Ray-of-hope-in-battle-againstarsenic-28062016004022

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191


List of Awards and Honours conferred upon Dr. Pathak

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1984

:

K.P. Goenka Memorial Award

1991

:

Padma Bhushan

1992

:

The International Saint Francis Prize for the Environment “Canticle of All Creatures” at Assisi, Italy

1996

:

Global Urban Best Practice by United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS) at Istanbul

2000

:

Dubai International Award for ‘Best Practices for Improving the Living Environment’ by UNCHS at Dubai

2003

:

Scroll of Honour by UN-Habitat at Rio-de-Janeiro (Brazil)

2003

:

Global 500 Roll of Honour Award by UNEP at Beirut (Lebanon)

2008

:

Hall of Fame Award by World Toilet Organisation at World Toilet Summit, Macau, China

2008

National Energy Globe Award, by Energy Globe at Brussels, Belgium

2009

:

2009 Stockholm Water Prize, Sweden

2009

:

Inter-governmental Renewable Energy Organisation Award (IREO), USA at New York, USA

2013

:

LEGENDE DE LA PLANETE Congres Fondateur Jeux Ecologiques at UNESCO, Paris

2016

:

WHO Public Health Champion Award by WHO at New Delhi

2016

:

2016 Humanitarian Award by New York Global Leaders Dialogue at New York


2016

:

‘CNN-News18 Indian of the Year, 2015 – Outstanding Achievement’ award by CNN-News18 at New Delhi

2016

:

Mayor of the City of New York declared 14th April, 2016 in name of the “Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak Day” at New York

2016

:

Member of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya National Committee

2016

:

Hon'ble Railway Minister of India Shri Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu, has been declared to Dr. Pathak as Brand Ambassador of Swachh Rail Mission

2016

:

Hon’ble Mayor of Montier-en-Der, France, has honoured “Honorary Citizen of the Fench City of Montier”

2016

:

Member of National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)

2017

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‘Distinguished Engineer’ honor by Rocheston Accreditation Institute, New York at New Delhi

2017

:

Golden Peacock Lifetime Achievement Award for Leadership of Social Service-2016 by Institute of Directors (IOD) at Bengaluru.

2017

:

Indian Social Science Association’s Award at their Golden Jubilee Conference at BHU for his immense contribution to Action Sociology and commendable support for the progress social sciences

2017

:

AIMA Public Service Excellence Award by All India Management Award (AIMA) at New Delhi

2017

:

Swadeshi Vigyan Puraskar 2017 organised by CSIR-National Physical Laboratory at New Delhi

193


AWARDS AND HONOURS CONFERRED ON DR. PATHAK

In 1991, Dr. Pathak was awarded Padma Bhushan by the President of India, Mr. R. Venkataraman, for his distinguished social service.

Hon’ble Mrs. Anna K. Tibaijuka, Executive Director of UN-Habitat presenting the UNHabitat Scroll of Honour 2003 Award to Dr. Pathak.

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak receiving the international Saint Francis Prize for the Environment “Canticle of All Creatures” in 1992.

His Holiness Pope John Paul-II gave audience to Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak before awarding him with International Saint Francis Prize.

194


Vice President of the French Senate Ms Chantal Jourdan decorated Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak with the Legend of Planet honour in an exceptional private reception hosted by the President of France.

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak receiving the UNEP Global 500 Scroll of Honour from Hon’ble Mr. Fares Bouez, Lebanon’s Minister of Environment. Executive Director of UNEP Hon’ble Mr. Kluas Topfer (on the right) was also present on the occasion.

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak received the 2009 Stockholm Water Prize on August 20 from the Hands of H.R.H. Prince Carl Philip of Sweden.

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak receiving the '2016 Humanitarian Award' by New York Global Leades Dialogue on April 12, 2016 Dr. Pathak receiving the "WHO Public Health Champion" Award by WHO at New Delhi

195


Dr. Pathak on being bestowed with the "2016 Humanitarian Award" by the New York Global Leaders Dialogue

T

he New York Global Leaders Dialogue conferred the 2016 Global Humanitarian Award upon Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak in recognition of â&#x20AC;&#x153;dedicating his life to the upliftment of the downtrodden, his compassion, social activism and inspiring philanthropy.â&#x20AC;? The Chairman of the organization, Mr. Phil Scanlan, applauded Dr. Pathak for his numerous humanitarian achievements that brought joy and hope in billions of lives worldwide.

196


Hon'ble Railway Minister of India Shri Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu, has been declared to Dr. Pathak as Brand Ambassador of Swachh Rail Mission on November 2, 2016 The Dubai International Award for Best Practices to Improve the Living Environment

Distinguished Engineer’ honor by Rocheston Accreditation Institute, New York at New Delhi, on January 17, 2017 Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak has been honoured as a “Golden Peacock Lifetime Achievement Award for Leadership of Social Service-2016" at Bangalore on January 20, 2017 by Institute of Directors (IOD)

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak has been honoured as a “Honorary Citizen of the French city of Montier” by the Mayor Mr. Jean Jacques Bayer in a coulourful event held on November 19, 2016 during the four-day International Festival of Animal and Nature, at Montier-en-Der, France.

CNN-News18 Indian of the Year, 2015 – Outstanding Achievement’ award by CNN-News18 at New Delhi

197


WHEREAS:

OUR GLOBAL CITY IS HOME TO A THRIVING INDIA-AMERICAN COMMUNITY AND OUR TIES TO INDIA RUN DEEP. NEW YORK IS PROUD TO BE A PLACE OF OPPORTUNITY WHERE PEOPLE OF ALL BACKGROUNDS AND BELIEFS HAVE A REAL CHANCE AT A BETTER LIFE. OUR DIVERSE RESIDENTS SHARE IN THE COMMITMENT OF SOUTH ASIANS 4 BETTER NEW YORK AND INDIA’S DR. BINDESHWAR PATHAK TO GIVE BACK TO OUR COMMUNITIES AND LIFT UP THE MOST VULNERABLE AMONG US.

WHEREAS:

SINCE FOUNDING THE SULABH INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SERVICE ORGANISATION IN 1970, DR. PATHAK HAS BEEN A PIONEER IN ADVOCATING FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN INDIA. BY CAMPAIGNING FOR SOCIAL REFORMS AND DEVELOPING INNOVATIVE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY-SOUND SANITATION TECHNOLOGIES. THIS VISIONARY HUMANITARIAN HAS IMPROVED QUALITY OF LIFE FOR MILLIONS AND INCREASED OPPORTUNITIES FOR EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT. I COMMEND DR. PATHAK FOR HIS OUTSTANDING WORK TO IMPROVE HEALTH AND HYGIENE, PROVIDE VOCATIONAL TRAINING, PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND GIVE DIGNITY AND HOPE TO IMPOVERISHED PEOPLE IN INDIA AND FAR BEYOND.

WHEREAS:

ON THE JOYOUS OCCASION OF VAISAKHI, A TIME OF GENEROSITY AND NEW BEGINNINGS, I AM PLEASED TO JOIN PAM KWATRA , ERIC KUMAR, AND ALL THE SUPPORTERS OF SOUTH ASIANS 4 NEW YORK IN RECOGNIZING THE DISTINGUISHED CAREER AND OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENTS OF DR. PATHAK. HIS LIFELONG DEDICATION TO CHAMPIONING HUMAN RIGHTS HAS HELPED BREAK THE CYCLE OF POVERTY AND DISENFRANCHISEMENT THROUGHOUT INDIA. AS MY ADMINISTRATION WORKS TO BUILD A MORE EQUITABLE AND INCLUSIVE CITY, I APPLAUD DR. PATHAK FOR HIS SHARED COMMITMENT TO FORGING A BRIGHTER, HEALTHIER, AND MORE JUST FUTURE FOR ALL. NOW THEREFORE, I, BILL DE BLASIO, MAYOR OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK, DO HEREBY PROCLAIM THURSDAY, APRIL 14TH, 2016 IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK AS: “DR. BINDESHWAR PATHAK DAY”

198


“.....I, Bill de Blasio, Mayor of the city of New York, do hereby proclaim Thursday, April 14, 2016, the city of New York as: Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak Day...”

199


BINDESHWAR PATHAK Amongst Top 50 Icons Recognised in

the global diversity list SUPPORTED BY

Dr Bindeshwar Pathak, Founder, Sulabh International (India)

"Humanist, social reformer and diversity champion. Pathak works as an advocate for the socalled ‘untouchable’ caste, so they may work, live and pray as a fully integrated part of Indian life. His work in the improvement of sanitation and production of bio-gas is changing health and wealth outcomes for the poorest people and is cited as one of the Globally Best Practice by the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements." – THE ECONOMIST

Top 50 diversity figures in public life This category recognises the achievements of individuals who have used their position in public life, for example as a campaigner, politician or journalist to make an impact in diversity.

Ranked by The Economist amongst the World's Top 50 diversity figures in public life along with US President Barack Obama, Angelina Jolie and Bill Gates (November 2015)

200


Life changing incident Arrah, Bihar

Dr. Pathak along with the manual scavengers disposing the human excreta which they carried on their heads.

201


Many years ago, Dr. Pathak was informed that in Arrah, a well-known town in the state of Bihar, â&#x20AC;&#x153;many untouchables are still removing human excreta and cleaning toilets manually.â&#x20AC;? Losing no time, he flew from Delhi to meet the scavenging untouchables. He stayed with them in Arrah for two days. Dr. Pathak taking out human excreta from the bucket toilet in Arrah town to experience first hand the plight of manual scavengers.

202

In the morning, when the untouchables were going to clean the toilets, Dr. Pathak, with a cudgel in hand, was also ready to go with


them. Taken aback, they tried to dissuade him. But Dr. Pathak insisted on going with them. Despite their protestations, he also cleaned and removed human excreta from the pit toilets, put them in a ramshackle tin as the untouchables did, carried it on his head and set on foot towards a corner area of the town for disposal of the excreta.

Dr. Pathak along with the manual scavengers carrying human excreta on their heads for disposal after manually removing the same from the bucket toilets.

203


This incident had an electrifying impact on the town. When asked about the experience, Dr. Pathak said, “Yes, the stench was overpowering and I felt nauseous, but my commitment overshadowed the physical discomfort.” Saying this, he was overwhelmed and there were tears in his eyes. Struggling to control his emotions, he added, “While I was removing the excreta I was overwhelmed by the plight of the untouchables who do this nauseating work day after day without flinching, without hesitation, just to earn a pittance. It is a shame on us and on society!” This incident strengthened his determination to continue his struggle to ensure that the scavenging untouchables are liberated and rehabilitated to earn a decent living, as Mahatma Gandhi wanted.

Dr. Pathak taking out human excreta from the bucket toilet in Arrah town to experience first hand the plight of manual scavengers.

204


HISTORICAL VISIT OF HON’BLE

Hon'ble BJP National President Shri Amit Shah scanning the 'SBI Buddy' code before entering the Sulabh Community Toilet Complex

In General Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council

Sulabh Gram, Palam Dabri Road, New Delhi - 110 045 Tel. Nos. : 91-11-25031518, 25031519; Fax Nos : 91-11-25034014, 91-11-25055952 E-mail: info@sulabhinternational.org, sulabhinfo@gmail.com Website: www.sulabhinternational.org, www.sulabhtoiletmuseum.org

SHRI AMIT SHAH

SULABH INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SERVICE ORGANISATION

www.xtremeonline.in #9311156526

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HISTORICAL VISIT OF

HON’BLE

SHRI AMIT SHAH

NATIONAL PRESIDENT, Bharatiya Janata Party AT THE SULABH GRAM ON DECEMBER 20, 2016

HISTORICAL VISIT OF HON’BLE SHRI AMIT SHAH  

NATIONAL PRESIDENT, Bharatiya Janata Party AT THE SULABH GRAM ON DECEMBER 20, 2016

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