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LEAVING SCHOOL YOUR FUTURE STARTS HERE...

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AARON SIDWELL

LEAVINGSCHOOL.CO.UK

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It Could Be You!

If you are making decisions and choices right now about where your future lies, we hope that this issue of LS can help point you in the right direction. We have put together a range of advice on all sorts of training and careers. Here goes….. If you think working in Travel Tourism is right for you, turn to page 42 for an introduction to the industry. Over two million people work in this area in the UK including travel agencies, holidays parks and tourist attractions. With the right qualifications and the right attitude, you could really be going paces in the travel industry. Or, have you ever thought of a career in motoring? You could work in anything from servicing or repairs to customer service. And if you are a young woman, there is a particular shortage of women entering the profession. So don’t think motoring jobs are just for the boys!! Same too with Engineering, this sector would like to see more girls choosing engineering related courses and careers. There are all sorts of specialist areas in engineering such as chemical and materials, electrical, manufacturing and marine. Engineering jobs require people who like maths and science, enjoy finding solutions to challenging problems, are practical and good communicators. It could be you! Another key area with loads of prospects is Languages. Being fluent in other languages is a skill which many employers see as a definite plus. Learn a language and see the world.

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And to brush up on your Life Skills, we’ve got some tips on moving out of home, looking after your money, staying safe in sex and much, much more….

Editor Isabel Appio

Publishers Isabel Appio, Ian Thomas & Adam Hayes

Business Development Director Darren Waite

Sales Executive Gurpreet Kundi & Brett Davey

Designed by Art Editor: Jon-Paul Daly Senior Designer: John Blanco

Cover image Courtesy of BBC

Acknowledgment & thanks BBC & Kikizo.com

Frequency Bi-Monthly

Leaving School is published by Sugar Media Ltd© Sugar Media Ltd Studio 4, Hiltongrove, 14 Southgate Road, London, N1 3LY Tel: 0207 407 7747 Fax: 0207 407 6800 Email: isabel@sugarmedia.co.uk

Disclaimer No material in this publication may be used without permission from the publisher. The views expressed in Leaving School are not necessarily the views of the editor or the publisher.

Until next time Isabel

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PRICEWATERHOUSECOOPERS LLP (PwC) We’re the one firm for all talented individuals We’re the one firm for all talented people. People who shine in one way or another. And if we could bottle the qualities that make them special, we would. The problem is, aside from the obvious technical difficulties, there isn’t a PricewaterhouseCoopers type. Everyone here is different, with different subject disciplines, backgrounds and aspirations. Which is just the way we like it. It’s our combined strengths as individuals that make us succeed as a firm: a firm that, for the last four years, students have voted number one in The Times Top 100 Graduate Employers survey. We’ve become one of the world’s largest professional services firms, employing 146,000 people across 150 countries, because we are good at what we do. But what is that? We help organisations measure their financial performance and improve the way they work. Our client list includes everything from small/medium sized enterprises to giant multinationals, high-net-worth individuals to governments,

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financial services to the media. And we can help with just about anything our clients need. As well as being the undisputed UK market leader in audit and operating the UK’s joint leading tax planning practice, we offer many other services including risk management, strategy development and generating high-level economic reviews for companies and even governments. PwC recognise that as individuals we have different career aspirations and that’s why we have work experience and job opportunities for people at all stages of their careers. Our HEADstart programmes are practical alternatives to a traditional degree and perfect for those who’ve already decided a career in accountancy or finance is for them but has decided that university is not part of the path they want to follow. HEADstart students work and study for professional qualifications simultaneously, giving the opportunity to put the theory they learn at college into practice when working as part of our client teams. If you have chosen to embark on life at university

then you may want to consider launching your career with a Flying Start at Newcastle University with a BA (Honours) Business Accounting & Finance degree programme (UCAS NN14); a collaboration between Newcastle University, PwC and the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW). The first of its kind and exclusive to Newcastle University, the four year degree programme combines academic study with professional exams and practical paid work experience at PwC. This integrated approach is a truly innovative way for students to secure an accelerated route to qualifying as a Chartered Accountant. For more information visit www.ncl.ac.uk/flyingstart/.

Visit our website to hear from our existing students, find out more about any of the opportunities above or to register for a place on one of our forthcoming Open Days in an office near you www.pwc.com/uk/careers/ We’re the one firm for all talented individuals.

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GOING FOR BROKE

YOUREPORTTV

BODY LANGUAGE

Two charities are to use new technology to help youngsters avoid getting into financial trouble. Advice on money matters will be targeted at young people aged 16 to 25 via web content, podcasts and straight to their mobile phones. Support charities Citizens Advice and YouthNet have teamed up for the project, which they hope will reach half a million youngsters. It follows a government plan for more personal finance lessons in schools.

With reports suggesting that a third of young people are currently generating their own online content, YouReportTV has launched its revolutionary news platform, enabling budding journalists, media students and the general public to upload, broadcast and debate news which is relevant to them. YouReportTV is the world’s only 100% people’s news website enables users to immediately broadcast their news items. News can be uploaded by mobile device, digital camera, webcam or camcorder and can include videos, text copy and photos. In addition to news stories, YouReportTV also offers community based categories including Your Opinion and a dedicated section for Missing Persons. “We realise that it is extremely difficult for young people to gain the credentials needed to secure their first jobs in the media industry and YouReportTV enables them to refine their journalistic skills and keep a record of their articles, which can be shared with potential employers. More importantly, because every news story on YouReportTV is rated by other members, the author can provide tangible evidence that their stories, style and delivery were well received by the public” explains a spokesperson for the site. Register now for the chance to win a YRTV Correspondence Kit – including a laptop and digital camera worth over £1,000.

From the moment an interviewer meets you, they form an impression about what sort of person you are and what kind of employee you would make. Even when we are not speaking, we are still communicating. The way we move, our gestures and what we wear all say something about who we are, so how can you appear more confident even if your knees are trembling?

FASHION UNDER THREAT Skillfast-UK, the Sector Skills Council for fashion and textiles, warns that London’s position as a world centre for fashion is under threat, due to a lack of skilled recruits entering the fashion industry. The new campaign - “No skills, no fashion,” aims to encourage fashion colleges and universities to put more focus on patterncutting, garment construction and other technical fashion skills. The Sector Skills Council hopes the campaign will highlight the fact that it takes more than just passion to make great fashion, and encourage policy-makers and educationalists to address the industry’s growing skills crisis. In the UK, approximately 3,000 students graduate from fashion courses each year - yet top designers and clothing brands say they struggle to employ quality staff, because new recruits lack the technical skills and production knowledge to turn their creative ideas into achievable designs.

BREAK DANCING, FREE RUNNING AND CHEERLEADING! Young Londoners will benefit from new afterschool clubs and disability events as part of the forthcoming 2012Olympics. The sporting programme will see the opening of 56 after-school clubs across the capital along with the launch of 25 disability-led events – with a particular focus on those who do not have enough access to sport. Activities will include martial arts, break dancing, free running

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and cheerleading as well as more traditional sports. Teachers, support staff and some pupils will be trained in sports coaching to help run the after-school clubs, while the funding will also pay for equipment. The clubs and activities are being coordinated by the Youth Sport Trust.

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MAKE AN ENTRANCE Traditionally a daunting place, the interview room represents hostile territory and we tend to walk more slowly when we enter an unknown area. But slowing down can suggest reluctance or a lack of confidence. Rather than entering the room at full speed, or dawdling, make a point of pausing momentarily at the door before entering at your normal pace.

Be sure to smile when in CONTENTS an interview!

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ARE YOU BEING BULLIED? A new study

STUDY has ADVICE found that

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nearly half of UK secondary school pupils think that bullying is IRON GRIP a problem When it comes to shaking hands, ‘firm but friendly’ is the best way. in their Nobody likes a limp handshake, which can suggest a weak character. school, and TRAVEL ENTERTAINMENT But also avoid snapping the interviewer’s hand off at the wrist, which that reasons would denote over-confidence or even arrogance. for bullying include language LOOK INTO MY EYES... Advic e difficulties, Eye contact is vital, but don’t overdo it – you’re not taking part in a skin staring contest! A quick look away to your CV or application form will colour, race and religion. give you a few seconds. You should take care to address everyone in the 48 percent of school children in England, room if you are in a panel interview situation. LIFEBYTE 43 percent in Scotland and 32 percent in FASHION Wales think that bullying is a problem in SMILE TO SUCCEED their school according to the new research Don’t forget to smile. It helps you to relax and makes you appear conducted by the British Council. personable and approachable. Smiling also makes it easier to put expression into your voice, which suggests knowledge and enthusiasm. Top reasons for bullying included: • Language difficulties POSTURE • Skin colour Slouching and tipping back on the chair should be left to schoolchildren. • Racial difference Remember to sit up as it makes you look attentive, and leaning forward • Religion a little makes you look as if you are taking an active interest. Avoid • Clothes pupils wear crossing your arms or legs as this creates a defensive barrier. • Differences in physical appearance. GESTURES When asked how to remedy the situation, Your physical gestures should be open and expansive – you want to try one-quarter of the children replied that to involve the interviewer in what you are saying. Keep palms up and they think there should be more religious open to suggest honesty, and avoid pointing or banging fists on the holidays recognised in the school calendar, table to emphasise a point. Be careful though to keep your gestures to a 38 percent wanted more time in class to minimum, you don’t want to look as though you’re dancing! discuss differences in backgrounds and cultures and many thought that inductions Search jobs online from top companies across the UK for migrant children and parents when on totaljobs. Search the biggest selection of vacancies, they start school could be improved. career advice and recruitment options.

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HELP CHILDREN ACROSS THE WORLD

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A new travel and tourism training HEALTH programme has been pioneered, which aims to give students a head-start in the increasingly competitive and demanding travel and tourism sector. The Travel Industry Skills (TIS) programme offers students a broad, vocational insight into various practical aspects of the Travel and FASHION Tourism industry. The programme COMPETITIONS combines a range of nationally recognised qualifications from leading qualification provider NCFE with industry placements and a number of hands-on activities. The programme has been implemented by New College Durham and since its launch, registrations have doubled. Students can select a variety of qualifications including; NCFE Certificate for Air Cabin Crew, NCFE Certificate for Resort Representatives, NCFE Customer Service and NCFE Travel. Other courses such as First Aid and Basic Food Hygiene are also included within the programme. The travel and tourism sector is becoming increasingly competitive and customer service expectations continue to grow. This programme not only allows students to gain qualifications but it also allows them to demonstrate their skills and gain valuable work experience.

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UNICEF UK (The United Nations Children’s Fund – a world organisation for helping children across the world) is offering 12-17 year olds across the UK an exciting opportunity; the chance to become a UNICEF UK Youth Adviser. Youth Advisers will host events and road shows for young people all over the country as well as getting involved in campaigning and fundraising for UNICEF, the leading children’s organisation. UNICEF UK is looking for young people who are passionate about children’s rights and who are able to commit to a minimum of 20 days per year. Interested young people can apply by downloading the I WANT TO WORK application form at www.unicef.org.uk/youthvoice. IN...TOURISM Last year, the UNICEF UK Youth Advisers visited UNICEF-funded HIV prevention projects in Jamaica. During the visit they interviewed young people living with HIV and met youth activists who educate their peers on sexual health. Joel, 18, became a UNICEF UK Youth Adviser in 2006 and said: “Applying to become a Youth Adviser two years ago was one of the best decisions I have made. I have had some amazing experiences that I would never have dreamed of and I have made some lifelong friends. Participation and having a real voice is at the heart of being a Youth Adviser. I feel that I have made a positive difference to UNICEF’s work and the lives of children both here in the UK and overseas.”

NEWS

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WHY STUDY A HIGHER EDUCATION COURSE £

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ith thousands of courses at hundreds of colleges and universities across the UK, it might seem TRAVEL ENTERTAINMENT a daunting task to narrow down your choices or even work out what they can offer you. If you’ve already Advic been through years of compulsory e schooling, perhaps even undertaken further study at a sixth form or further education college or even in the workplace, why should you consider LIFEBYTE going on to higher education FASHION (HE)? A good question - and one that there’s plenty of answers to! Completing a course of study within higher education can benefit you in many ways; these include...

Career benefits

In terms of getting a future job, a degree can lead to increased earning potential, greater opportunities and a more rewarding career. Most experts would agree that the financial benefits usually far outweigh any costs that are incurred in completing a higher education course and many employers actively target graduates in their recruitment campaigns. A higher education qualification is an absolute must for some vocational courses, such as medicine, dentistry, chartered engineering and architecture, while some professions such as law or speech therapy require additional postgraduate qualifications before a new entrant is able to practice. Higher education also develops important ‘transferable skills’, such as numeracy, communication and information technology, which can give you the edge in the fastchanging world of employment.

Social and cultural opportunities

There is more to higher education than just

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studying. At university you will get a chance to meet and socialise with people from all different cultures nationalities and social backgrounds. Through HEALTHliving and working closely together students often form long lasting friendships. Of course, higher education might not be right for everyone but with so many institutions offering such a wide range of courses all over the UK, there’s sure to be something that will appeal to you - so it’s worth seeing what’s out there. COMPETITIONS That said, studying can be costly, but help is available from many sources, so it is important to review your reasons for entering higher education and think carefully about how you will fund your study. In addition, it is a good idea to be aware of the support and guidance available for you if you run into difficulties during your study.

What else?

You decide what you want to study, where you want to study, and how you want to learn. You’ll learn a lot more about yourself, other people and, of course, the subjects you’re studying! You’ll have much more independence to do the things you want. You’re treated as an adult in Higher Education. New interests, new experiences and the chance to try out new things and make great new friends. As a HE student, you qualify for cheaper travel, cinema tickets and all sorts of stuff. LS

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“In terms of getting a future job, a degree can lead to increased earning potential.”


New apprentice programme offers multiple benefits With a fleet of over 55,000 vehicles Europe’s largest commercial vehicle fleet services provider, Fraikin, has further enhanced its UK based apprentice training scheme and is actively recruiting enthusiastic apprentices to fill positions across its nationwide branch network, commencing Summer 2008. The new training scheme is designed to ensure maximum support is delivered to apprentices throughout the new three year programme, with successful candidates receiving on-the-job instruction as part of the Fraikin team, with formal training carried out over a series of three to four 10 day block-release periods per year. This training takes place within the Transport Technology Centre at the City of Bristol College, a state-of-the-art facility dedicated to providing commercial vehicle training. Travel, accommodation and subsistence are paid by Fraikin during these block release periods, and at the end of each year the Fraikin Apprentice of the Year scheme recognises

apprentices who have demonstrated the very highest levels of performance. New for 2008 will be the introduction of a formal mentoring scheme, with each apprentice appointed a mentor who is based locally and can provide support throughout the three years of training. A contribution towards setting up your toolbox and an endowment that matures two years after qualification demonstrate the importance that Fraikin places on attracting the right apprentices for the business and ensuring you are developed to the best of your ability. Fully qualified Once you have trained as a commercial vehicle technician you will be able to service vehi-

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cles and identify faults across Fraikin’s UK-based fleet of more than 14,000 vans and trucks. You will be qualified to use highly sophisticated service diagnostic equipment and understand the workings of electrical systems. Working as a Fraikin commercial vehicle technician involves operating as part of a team with your colleagues in the branch to make sure all of Fraikin’s customers receive a professional service, when their vehicles are inspected, serviced and repaired.

Positions are currently available in Bristol, Enfield, Harrow, Heathrow, Leeds, Oldbury, Park Royal, Stranraer, Tamworth and Wednesbury for a Summer 2008 intake.

Alternatively, to request an application pack, please contact the Human Resources (HR) Department on 02476 694494, or by email to recruitment@fraikin.co.uk

For full information on the apprentice programmes offered across Fraikin’s nationwide branch network, please visit www.fraikin. co.uk and click ‘Careers’.

Should you wish to have an informal chat about working for Fraikin and future career opportunities, please contact Keri Ashton in HR on the number above.

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HAVE YOU GOT THE DRIVE?

WORKING IN THE MOTOR INDUSTRY

Working in the motor industry is one of the more challenging career choices you could make. The industry seeks bright, committed young people with aptitude and ambition. It is a place for highlytrained and skilled workers.

“You could choose a career from a number of areas – design and manufacture; service, maintenance and repair”

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odern technicians use computers and diagnostic equipment to make and check cars that are sold out of smart showrooms by experienced salespeople. Cars are designed using sophisticated computer-aided design (CAD) techniques and manufactured by engineers and technicians assisted by robots. Even the theory part of the driving test is computerised.

What types of jobs are in the motor industry?

You could choose a career from a number of areas – design and manufacture; service, maintenance and repair (including roadside assistance); or sales and afterservice. These include new and used cars, rental and

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leasing. The area you choose will be based on your own interests – whether you are technically minded or more interested in dealing with the end products and customers.

What qualifications do I need?

People who work as designers and engineers for car manufacturers usually have degrees in engineering or automotiverelated subjects. It is competitive, but there are lots of opportunities for people who want to work in the different areas of design, development and production.

What if I don’t have a degree?

Manufacturers also need workers who have the professional skills to turn designs into reality, using a variety of high-tech equipment. Or, if you have technical flair, you could work in a maintenance and repair role. All sorts of vehicles, from supersize trucks to cars and motorbikes, need maintaining, servicing and, when things go wrong, repairing.

What training opportunities are available? There are hundreds of courses aimed at the automotive industry. Some people join large organisations where they can take advantage of in-house company training

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schemes. If you prefer to train locally, Case History there are lots of regional work and training Motor vehicle manufacturing opportunities. Apprenticeships are available technician, Motor vehicle in areas as diverse as Vehicle Maintenance manufacturing operative and Repair, Vehicle Sales, and Body andCONTENTS BITS N BOBS WORLD OF WORK Paint Operations, so you can learn a variety Keith Waring is an apprentice in his third of skills and gain National Vocational/ year at Leyland Trucks in Lancashire. He also been great for me. I really like earning Scottish Vocational Qualifications (NVQs/ originally decided to work as an electrician money while I’m working and still learning. SVQs) and technical certificates along before taking up an Apprenticeship in the way. the motor industry. He will soon be fully Keith’s route qualified as a skilled worker. • GCSEs. What about a customerAs an apprentice, what doesI WANT your A... • AVCE in Electrical Engineering. facing role? Foundation. job involve? If you have good people skills and love STUDY ADVICE CAREER AT SEA• NVQ Level 2 in Engineering MONEY • 4-year Modern Apprenticeship. I work in the assembly plant as an auto cars, you could consider going into • NVQ Level 3 in auto Electrical electrician. This involves all aspects of car sales or work in related areas such Engineering. vehicle electrics and electronics. I am as servicing or after-sales. As well as • BTEC National Certificate in Vehicle also being taught aspects of mechanical Apprenticeships in Vehicle Sales, there is Electrics. fitting, so I will eventually have experience a whole range of certificate, diploma and of working in all the engineering assembly degree courses for sales people. Keith’s tips areas at the factory. be keen to learn and interested I will also have placements in the What are the prospects?ENTERTAINMENT TRAVEL • Ainlways what you are doing. HEALTH prototype department, vehicle audit There are more than 30 million motor • Don’t be afraid to seek regular and product design and development vehicles on the roads in the United careers advice. group. This will give me an overview of Kingdom, and over 25 million of them are the trucks are designed and built private cars. The motor industry is filling up Advhow ic Related jobs fore manufacture. On the completion of with qualified and committed people who Electrical engineering technician my programme, I will be a skilled auto recognise that they can make the most of Electronic engineering technician electrician. their skills, whatever their level of work. Motor vehicle mechanic/technician LIFEBYTE engineer What type of work do you do? There are many opportunities for FASHION Vehicle breakdownCOMPETITIONS At the moment, I am working in the faultprogression in the motor industry, including Apprenticeships finding section. As the trucks come down management. The route you choose is up Apprentices learn on the job, building up the production line I look for assembly to you! LS knowledge and skills, gaining qualifications faults such as incorrect wiring, missing and earning money all at the same time. parts or loose connections. It is my job to There are different levels of correct any faults that I find. Apprenticeship available, but they all lead to In this section we also undertake offNational Vocational Qualifications (NVQs), track testing of the vehicles, which involves Key Skills qualifications and, in most cases, simulating instances that may occur in a technical certificate such as Edexcel, the field once the truck has left our plant. BTEC or City and Guilds, in subjects such I have also been involved in diagnostic as Business, Design, IT, Media & Printing, problem identification and resolution, and Public Services, Sport, Sport & Exercise electronic transmission systems. Science and Travel & Tourism. There are different arrangements for What do you like/dislike about Apprenticeships in Scotland, Wales and your job? Northern Ireland. Check out more details at I like the variety of work and I find the job www.apprenticeships.org.uk (England) very challenging. There is nothing to dislike www.careers-scotland.org.uk (Scotland) about it! The people are great to work with www.careers-wales.com (Wales) and the working environment is safe and www.delni.gov.uk (Northern Ireland) clean. The work based learning route has

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ENGINEERING YOUR FUTURE

More women are needed in the Engineering

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Engineering is the practical application of science. Engineers are involved in the research and development, design, manufacturing and production of the machinery, products and systems of everyday life - from cars to hospital equipment; from computers to drilling rigs; from alternative energy to communication systems.

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here are various branches of engineering, including: • aerospace and defence working with aircraft and space technology • automotive - cars, trucks and the systems they rely on • chemical and materials engineering using our basic natural resources, such as petroleum, natural gas and minerals, and converting them to products ranging from microchips to food products • electrical, electronics, telecommunications and power engineering - from nuclear power to television, and from computer systems to communication networks • manufacturing - systems in factories, including automated and computercontrolled machines • marine engineering and shipbuilding - ships, offshore platforms, other marine structures and the equipment installed on them • mechanical - designing components, machines and systems that involve the conversion and use of mechanical energy • petroleum - working on the exploration and production of oil and gas.

Amazing Fact

People work in engineering at all levels, ranging from operators who operate

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machinery and carry out assembly work, to professional engineers who use their experience to manage projects. Working hours depend on the job, CONTENTS BITS N BOBS WORLD OF WORK but are usually around 38 hours a week. Depending on the nature of the work, shift work may be required. Jobs may be “Around 1.5 indoors, in an office or factory, or outdoors. million Around 1.5 million people work in engineering-related jobs for large and people work small-scale manufacturing companies, in engineerspecialist engineering workshops, I WANT A... public ing-related STUDY ADVICE utilities such as electricity companies, CAREER AT SEA MONEY and product design and development jobs for large companies. Skilled people are highly and smallsought after and opportunities, especially scale manufor those with flexible skills or a strong grasp of new technology, are growing. facturing Engineering jobs exist throughout the UK companies, and abroad. specialist Women Into Science, Engineering TRAVEL ENTERTAINMENT HEALTH and Construction (WISE) say around 20 engineering per cent of engineering employees are workshops, female, but only six per cent of professional public engineers are female. Along with other Advic e organisations, they are working to utilities such encourage more women into engineering. as electricity Engineering jobs require people who companies, like maths and science, enjoy finding LIFEBYTE solutions to challengingFASHION problems, are and product COMPETITIONS practical and good communicators. design and Entry is possible through a number of development different entry routes. Training can begin straight from school with either academic or companies.” vocational qualifications. Apprenticeships combine work and study, and can lead to craft and technician jobs. Alternatively, taking a degree can open up opportunities for graduate entry. Engineering work usually offers excellent training and development prospects. With further study and qualifications it is possible to progress into a supervisory or a key’ was The term ‘disc joc 37. 19 in technical role, to the role first used of engineering technician, s The can openerswa and to Incorporated or r te af ar ye 48 d invente Chartered Engineer re we cans status. LS duced.

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ROYAL FLEET AUXILIARY A career at sea is full of adventure The RFA is an organisation that sails alongside the Royal Navy, supporting it with whatever it needs, wherever it goes in the world. Though the crews are civilians, they are prepared to go into areas of conflict to bring essential supplies to the Royal Navy. This could be anything from fuel, ammunition and spare parts, to food and even people. During it’s long history the RFA has earned many battle honours. The Flotilla was deployed in support of British Forces during the Falklands War and the Gulf War and is often deployed in support of Britain’s contribution to NATO and United Nations peace-keeping operations and humanitarian relief. 20

Many RFA ships carry, or are capable of carrying, Royal Navy helicopters and the personnel required to operate and maintain them. Because RFA ships are often required to operate in war zones in support of the Royal Navy, most have a limited weapons-fit for self-defence. The RFA employs over 2000 civilian Officers and Ratings, and is one of the biggest employers in British Shipping. For a position as a Trainee Rating, you’ll require a basic level of secondary education - a lot of training is ‘on the job’. To be accepted onto the Officer Cadet programme, you’ll need a minimum of 5 GCSEs at grade ‘C’ or above, including Maths at grade ‘B’ or above, English and Physics or Dual

Science. If you have good passes at ‘A’ level or equivalent in these subjects, you could enter the Foundation Degree Officer Cadet programme. Whether you’re looking to join us as a Rating or Officer cadet, you’ll benefit from training and support that will maximise your potential. It’s a good life with the RFA – you’ll enjoy the time to discover the sights and sounds of foreign ports of call, competitive salary and leave entitlement. A career at sea is full of adventure, and who better to do it with than the RFA?

FIND OUT MORE You can find out more by visiting RFA.MOD.UK or by calling 08456 04 05 20

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B WHAT DOESBAN ENGINEER DO? CONTENTS

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The word engineering usually makes us think of car mechanics or I WANT A...cause traffic ‘engineering works’ which delay train journeys and STUDY ADVICE CAREER AT SEA MONEY hold-ups on the roads. But find out what they really do... “Sound systems are everywhere – in theatres, cinemas, train stations and of course at home. Without the impact of technology and the systems to deliver sound information, much of the entertainment business we know now would not exist.”

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n reality, engineering is a lot wider than this, covering everything from building and transport to cosmetics. Engineers were responsible for designing the Channel Tunnel rail link, and more recently for ENTERTAINMENT designing colour-matching technology to determine the best make-up for your skin tone. Engineers work in allAdkinds of vic e environments. Yes, some jobs do involve getting covered in oil, and wearing protective clothing, but engineering roles can take place in an office, in laboratories, or outdoors, in theLIFEBYTE air and underground. They influence every aspect of modern life and it’s likely that today alone you will have already depended on the expertise of one or more engineers. Have you taken the Tube? Maybe you’ve listened to an iPod? Or watched television? See, told you so. Here are ten examples you might be interested in:

Sound and acoustics engineer

Sound systems are everywhere – in theatres, cinemas, train stations and of course at home. Without the impact of technology and the systems to deliver sound information, much of the entertainment business we know now would not exist. Sound and acoustics engineers are an essential part in delivering the creative vision of, for example, singers

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and songwriters. Acoustics engineers work with bands and artists to make sure that venues sound as good as possible. In theatre, the set, position of actors and the arrangement of the auditorium are all elements for the sound engineer TRAVEL HEALTH to consider.

Aeronautical engineer

See the world and get paid to do it! An aeronautical engineer applies scientific and technological principles to research, design, maintain, test and develop the performance of civil and military aircraft, missiles, satellites FASHIONweapons systems, COMPETITIONS and space vehicles. Aeronautical engineering offers a wide range of roles. Most engineers specialise in a particular area, such as research, design, testing, manufacture or maintenance. The aerospace industry is well established in the UK, and the steady expansion in air travel means that there are many roles available. But there are also the long hours, varied shifts and being away from home for prolonged periods of time to consider. If you shudder at the thought of a 9-5 job, then perhaps this is something for you!

Food engineer

You are what you eat, as the old saying goes. If you take into account the amount of money we spend on food, you can see that the food and drinks industry is big business. Finding out which flavours work, and which ingredients work well together

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is more than a matter of simply good cooking. Engineers are involved in the development and design of the processes and equipment that are used for making flavouring, colouring, packaging and distributing food and drink; all to provide the consumer with a fresh, tasty and goodlooking product.

Lighting

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technician I WANT TO WORK Everyone has a favourite IN...TOURISM

Lighting technicians create the atmosph ere and drama at the theatre. HEALTH

movie, or a theatre performance that sent shivers down your spine. But have you ever given any thought as to how a movie leaps from screenplay to screen? Perhaps you recall a theatre performance

where the atmosphere and drama came together to create an unforgettable mood. Lighting technicians create that mood; the skill and expertise required in getting the ambiance just right can be as critical to the performance as the acting.

Bioinformatics engineer

What makes a human different to a banana? Quite a lot you might think, but given that we share in the region of 54 per cent of our DNA with bananas, the answer lies in the structure of our DNA. Mapping the DNA structure of bananas and humans has been made possible by the combination of traditional subjects like maths combined with modern computer technology. Because of this, the modelling and processing developed by computers has allowed us to map out what makes us human and design drugs to treat us when things go wrong. âž”

COMPETITIONS

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Environmental engineer WORLD OF WORK

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“The aerospace MONEYis industry well established in the UK, and the steady expansion HEALTH in air travel means that there are many roles available.”

COMPETITIONS

The quality of the land, air and water around us is becoming increasingly important with the onset of climate change. Engineers are at the forefront of preserving our environment and ensuring that modern technology is kind to the environment. Being an environmental engineer might mean that you have a special interest in ecosystems and biology, or other branches of engineering like civil engineering. People who deal in public health matters may also I WANT TO WORK be environmental engineers, helping to IN...TOURISM ensure that the environment is preserved for people as well as plants and animals.

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Venture capitalist

Venture capitalists like to stick their money where their mouth is. Many start-up companies (or ones that need a cash boost to get themselves back on their feet) will look to venture capitalists to provide that investment which, although often high-risk, can provide above average returns. To do this, you will need to become an experienced financial analyst who can identify trends in the market and evaluate where it would be wise to place

money – and where it would probably be a no-no. Understanding the potential of emerging technologies and industries – which engineers do – is a key skill, as is being good at maths to work out the best investment.

Marine engineer

If those landlubbers get on your nerves, why not escape to somewhere we know even less about than outer space… the oceans? Marine engineers design and develop the parts of the ship that most of us take for granted – the propulsion, drainage, lighting, waste disposal and air-conditioning systems that turn the raw materials into a functioning, safe and comfortable cruise ship.

Safety engineer

Safety engineers look after us all. They ensure that the buildings we use, the systems we rely on, the transportation we ride and the places we work are safe and not hazardous to our short or long-term health. They interpret risks and foresee problems with existing infrastructure to ensure that modifications and alterations conform to safety standards. If you’re the one who responsibly closes gates after walks in the countryside or tells your younger brother off for dropping those banana skins on the pavement, maybe this one is for you.

Special effects

Brace yourselves: Gollum isn’t real. The CGI effects and crucial technology that created magical moments in film have all been developed by software engineers. They develop the skills and abilities to make dreams (or nightmares) come alive. Without them, Hollywood today would look more like Laurel and Hardy than Middle Earth. LS

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THE MAERSK COMPANY UK . USA . Australia . Asia The Maersk Company can really take you places Formed in 1951 the Maersk Company is a leading British shipping company, owning or manning a fleet of over 60 vessels, employing approximately 2000 sea staff. In order to maintain high quality deck and engineering officers, the company runs the ‘Officer Trainee Scheme’ Officer Trainee combine academic studies with practical training onboard state of the art vessels.

route from the west coast of America to the Far East. It was a great trip and an amazing experience. I’ll never forget sailing under the Golden Gate Bridge or into Hong Kong Harbour. Spending time at sea gave me a new prospective on life” Maria Quigley – qualifying cadet joining the Maersk container fleet.

Tax Free Monthly Sponsorship . Tuition Paid . Paid Travel . Full Uniform . Recognised Qualification “I’ve always been interested in this area and a cadetship seemed to be the best way to become an engineer. It’s good to see and learn. I’ll de doing more main engine work before I go back to college and qualify for engineering work” Callun Deane – Engineering Cadet

day – meeting new people, doing practical work as well as studying and being part of a team” Jason McAloone – Deck Cadet

“I’ve already seen Dubai, India, Sri Lanka and Singapore. It’s really enjoyable, with a different experience every

“After my first academic year, I embarked on a three-month sea trip aboard the container vessel, Maersk Gateshead, en

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Life at sea with Maersk offers a challenging and rewarding career for highly motivated and proactive individuals.

Get onboard, find out more www.seacareers.co.uk

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CAREERS IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

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lectricity and electronics are all around us. Not only everyday products, such as mobile phones, DVD players and household appliances, but also areas such as food production, railways and medical equipment, all rely on electrical and electronic engineering. This is a fascinating and truly diverse area of work. In this booklet you will learn about a wide range of opportunities in this field, in sectors such as energy and power, manufacturing, the service industries, transport, communications, aeronautical and scientific.

Electrical or electronic? What’s the difference?

Both concern electricity. Electrical engineering comes first because it includes the generation of power, without which we could not survive. Electric power is generated at power stations and is usually a high voltage power which has to be transformed into lower voltages for industrial, commercial and household use. Electronics on the other hand involves much lower voltages obtained via transformers or from batteries. Your computer is electronic because it transforms a normal 250 volt current down to what it needs. Nanotechnology is an area still under development. The continual search to increase the performance of computers requires the ‘switches’ and ‘wires inside computer chips to be miniaturised to nanoscale dimensions. This brings new

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challenges, such as understanding how electrical signals behave in such a tightly packed environment.

What works in electrical and electronic engineering?

Over 600,000 people are working in 18,000 engineering companies across the whole of the UK. Each year employers in this sector spend over £2 billion a year on training their staff. A large proportion of these people work in electrical and electronic engineering. Operators undertake routine jobs such as assembly or checking. Operators are vitally important in

manufacturing processes. With study to NVQ/SVQ Levels 1 to 3 they can go on to become trained and experienced Craftspeople whose skills are recognised by vocational diplomas and certificates. They form the backbone of the profession and increasing numbers of them go on to become technicians and engineers. Technicians are involved in many

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areas of engineering from senior supervisory Women in Science, Engineering and Technology. jobs in manufacturing to management positions. Usually at NVQ/SVQ Levels 3 to 4, they install, commission, maintain and What qualifications do operate electrical plant and machinery. I need? The Engineering Council, professional school, I At WANT A...vocational GCSEs/S grades STUDY ADVICE are activelyCAREER institutions and employers in engineering and AT SEA and manufacturing MONEY promoting the importance of Advanced GCEs in engineering are now technicians. With qualifications at available, offering young people a route into NVQ/SVQ Level 4 or equivalent, either an Apprenticeship or a full-time BTEC technicians are encouraged course. With an Apprenticeship you train to apply for the EngTech while working for an employer, and at the qualification which assures them end gain a vocational qualification (eg an of professional recognition. NVQ/SVQ). You can also go to college on a Engineers are at the top of the part-time basis to study for a BTEC or City TRAVEL ENTERTAINMENT profession. They may be graduates & Guilds, allowing you to earn HEALTH some money who have taken engineering while you learn useful skills. degrees or engineers who have You can also start at University. Degree worked their Away courses are usually three years long, but can dvi through the ce system and have NVQs/SVQs at take up to five years if they are sandwich Level 4 or 5, or the equivalent. At senior courses. This means that there are levels, there are incorporated engineers who periods of work experience ‘sandwiched’ are responsible for the performance of a into the academic parts. Bursaries and LIFEBYTE team, and chartered engineers with overall undergraduate scholarships and awards FASHION COMPETITIONS responsibility for major projects. are available to student members of the Institution of Electrical Engineers. More significant perhaps, is the area Are there many of work you choose, and this is where the opportunities for women? young people featured here are worth close Almost half the people profiled here are study, as many of them emphasise the women, so it is no longer true to say importance of relevant work experience. that engineering is a man’s world. The trend is continuing with plenty of encouragement What are the prospects from government for the future? and employers This is a fast-moving industry with unlimited who support horizons. Electronic engineering in particular organisations is subject to rapid change and you must be such as adaptable to succeed. Probably the most the UK likely area of expansion will be in the field of Resource engineering services. Form the aerospace Centre industry to railways to communications for an increasing number of engineering jobs are to be found in the areas of design, production and implementation. LS

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ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT APPRENTICESHIPS

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Abbigail Kewin, Young Apprentice of HEALTH the Year 2007

administration to construction. NEWS business A more detailed list can be found on the

What is an Apprenticeship?

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n Apprenticeship is a I WANT TO WORK combination of on and off IN...TOURISM

the job training which not only offers a structured route to a successful career, but can also act as a stepping stone for those who may want to go on to university. Paid from day one, Apprenticeships are now seen as a viable, debt free route to getting on to the career ladder.

What are the different types of Apprenticeship on offer? If you are COMPETITIONS

interested in finding out more about Apprenticeships, call the national Apprenticeships helpline on 08000 150 600 or log on to apprenticeships. org.uk. You can also make a direct approach to an employer you know is offering Apprenticeships. For young people aged 14-18 www.connexionsdirect.com is also a good source of information.

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There are two levels of Apprenticeship available: a) ‘Apprenticeships’ - equivalent to GCSE level, incorporate a National Vocational Qualification to Level 2; key skills and in some cases a technical certificate. b) ‘Advanced Apprenticeships’ - equivalent to A-levels, incorporate a National Vocational Qualification to Level 3, key skills and a technical certificate.

How many individuals are on Apprenticeships? There are currently 240,000 individuals in England on Apprenticeships, and more than 130,000 businesses offering Apprenticeships.

How many Apprenticeships are available? The Learning and Skills Council offers more than 200 Apprenticeships in approximately 80 sectors of industry and commerce, ranging from accountancy to football, engineering to veterinary nursing,

website apprenticeships.org.uk.

How long does it take to complete an Apprenticeship?

Apprenticeships typically take between one and four years to complete, depending on the type of framework. There is no set time to complete an Apprenticeship as they vary widely in content and size. The length of time taken will depend on the ability of the individual apprentice and the employer’s requirements.

Do apprentices get paid?

All apprentices with a work based element to their Apprenticeships will receive a wage from day one. There is no set salary for apprentices, but employer’s must pay a minimum of £80 per week. This is dependent on the employer and the type of work done by the apprentice. As their skills develop and they progress, pay will increase accordingly. Research shows that apprentices earn, on average, over £100,000 more throughout their lifetime than other employees.

Essex County Fire & Rescue Service

Have you considered a career in the Fire Service? Essex County Fire & Rescue Service is a great place to build your career. Our employees work in a challenging and rewarding environment, whether you choose to be a frontline firefighter, or attracted by one of our many Professional support roles in engineering, HR, Finance, Control, Admin or Logistics. We value all our employees and everyone can make a contribution regardless of their background.

Who is eligible do to an Apprenticeship?

Anyone aged 16 and above is eligible become an apprentice (however, there is the possibility of doing a Young Apprenticeship from the age of 14). There are no set entry requirements for Apprenticeships. You just need to be living in England, be aged 16 or above and not taking part in full-time education. LS

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So, if you think you can make a difference and would like to find out more please visit our website: www.essex-fire.gov.uk or contact Jayne Dando or Shamrika Sydes in Equalities & Policies team on 01277 222531 Ext 2358/2281


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What you can do with Science, Mathematics and Statistics in the real world?

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cientists, mathematicians and statisticians use observation, experimentation and research to make discoveries, add to our knowledge and solve problems related to almost every aspect of our lives. They are employed in a wide range of jobs, including research and development, scientific analysis, education, the media and administration. Careers are mainly at technician and professional levels, and most people in this sector specialise in a particular field, for example in ecology or forensic science. Work may be in a wide range of areas, including: • health and medicine - researching the causes of diseases and

developing drugs • the food and drink industry - researching and developing new products •e  arth sciences and the environment studying the Earth, oceans and climate •m  aterials science - studying the properties of materials such as metals, polymers and ceramics to provide innovative engineering solutions •m  athematics - solving problems and analysing data in a wide range of areas such as engineering, electronics, finance, medicine, meteorology and science • s tatistics - gathering data and analysing it to identify and interpret trends •e  ducation - teaching in schools or lecturing in universities. Working environments vary, but many scientists work in laboratories, while

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others do mostly fieldwork. Some work with potentially hazardous substances. Others, such as those developing government policies or working in the media, work in an office. Employers are wide ranging and include research organisations, manufacturing and engineering companies, universities, schools, hospitals and government departments. Many of these are large multinational organisations employing thousands of staff, while others are small to medium-sized businesses. The demand for science and mathematics graduates is currently high and is forecast to increase further. Environmental concerns are just one of the reasons for this growth. Scientists, mathematicians and statisticians need to have a methodical and accurate approach to their work and be

self-disciplined when analysing data to solve problems. Communication skills are important for sharing information with colleagues and customers. Scientists must also pay attention to health and safety regulations. Entry is usually with a relevant degree, and often a postgraduate qualification. Some jobs require work experience as well. It is also possible to work as a technician or assistant, for which the entry requirements are usually GCSEs/S grades (A-C/1-3). On-the-job training is given to new employees, and they may also study for further qualifications. Continuing Professional Development (CPD) is important as this field is constantly changing and developing. Career progression is often to senior supervisory and management roles, and there are sometimes opportunities to work abroad. LS

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“The demand for science and mathematics ENTERTAINMENT graduates is currently high and is Adv forecastice to increase further.” LIFEBYTE

Amazing Facts s invented Milk chocolate wa sold the o by Daniel Peter, wh ighbour concept to his ne Henri Nestlé. athe On average, you bre y. da a es 23,000 tim

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CONTENTS

HOW YOU COULD WORK IN There are three different legal systems in the UK, with Northern Ireland, Scotland, and England and Wales each having their own set of legal principles. There is a wide range of jobs available, with solicitors making up the largest occupational group. Some legal jobs are concerned mainly with court work. Others involve advising clients, transferring property, investigating deaths, securing patents or supporting other legal professionals.

barristers and advocates, and many others employed in the legal sector. A few thousand people are employed in politics. People working in legal services should have excellent communication skills, both in speech and writing. They must also be discreet and respect confidentiality. Many legal jobs require degrees or specialist professional qualifications. However, many other posts are filled by experienced clerical and administrative staff with qualifications such as GCSEs/S grades or NVQs/SVQs. A few jobs are open only to qualified barristers or solicitors. There are no set entry requirements to enter political work, but

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entrants generally bring experience and qualifications from other occupational sectors. Some jobs involve a combination of on-the-job training and in-house courses. ENTERTAINMENT For others, full-time or part-time attendance at university or college is ly Elephants are theAdon vjum required in order to take up ice p. ot nn ca at animals th the position. All jobs in this sector have the possibility of Leonardo Da Vinci promotion to a higher level. invented scissors. In some cases this may mean LIFEBYTE seeking a partnership in a private practice. LS

Amazing Fact

LAUNCH A FANTASTIC CAREER

any people in the legal sector work daytime hours, Monday to Friday, but evening or weekend work can be necessary. Much of the work is office based, while some people spend time in courts. A number of jobs involve travelling to see clients, the police and other organisations. A number of people in legal services are self-employed, including many barristers (advocates in Scotland) and solicitors. Major employers include private firms, Her Majesty’s Courts Service and the Crown Prosecution Service (England and Wales), the Scottish Court Service, the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service (Scotland), and the Northern Ireland Court Service and the Public Prosecution Service (Northern Ireland). Political researchers and political/ constituency agents are employed by political parties. There are over 120,000 practising solicitors in the UK, more than 15,000

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THE LEGAL SYSTEM

Thinking about a career in law? Want to be involved in issues that affect your community and the country as a whole? As a lawyer in the Government Legal Service, you’ll only have one client – the British Government. You’ll advise its ministers on their powers and responsibilities, represent it in court and even prepare new laws which will change the lives of millions of people. For more details about how to get your career off the ground, please visit our website at www.gls.gov.uk. Government Legal Service www.gls.gov.uk

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ecause of the range of jobs in local government there are many opportunities for developing your career. The variety and depth of work is huge and spans many professional and trade areas. To find out more about the different occupational areas and jobs that are available in local government, go to the career profiles section. Of course, diversity does not just mean diversity in the type of job you could be doing. It also means that local government employs many different people from many different walks of life. Local councils strive to be equal opportunities employers and many lead the field in this respect.

What qualifications do I need?

Whether you have a small amount of experience and/or qualifications or a lot, there is something in local government for you! The following information gives you an idea of the kind of qualification and training initiatives that may be available:

• National/Scottish Vocational Qualifications (N/SVQs) N/SVQs are work-based qualifications, based on National Occupational Standards (NOS), which are awarded to students who provide evidence of competence in work situations. There are numerous different occupational areas to choose from and many of these are relevant to local government. They provide the student with useful work related competencies and the employer with highly skilled, motivated staff. • Apprenticeships The Government is keen for young people to take up these work based training opportunities. Specific training will vary from council to council, but there will be development opportunities to enable Apprentices to progress further. Councils run Apprenticeships in the following occupational areas: Accounting, Amenity Horticulture, Arts & Entertainment,

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•G  raduate Training Schemes Business Administration, Cleaning Local government is one of the & Support Services, Construction, largest graduate employers Customer Service, Early Years and in the country. Graduates Education, Emergency Fire Service CONTENTS BITS N BOBS are taken on by all councils Operations, Environmental Conservation, in all service areas and Health & Safety (Occupational Health & can complete professional Safety Practice), Health & Social Care, training while working. Some Heritage Sector, Housing, Information councils are developing Services, Information Technology, individual graduate training Insurance, Personnel Support, Sport, programmes in many Recreation & Allied Occupations and different occupationalI WANT A... Telecommunications. STUDY ADVICE CAREER AT SEA areas, as well as general fast-track schemes in • New Deal management. See New Deal for young people, part of www.ngdp.co.uk/. the Government’s Welfare to Work programme, is targeted at 18-24 year olds who have been unemployed for six months or more. Local councils all More information over the country are getting involved in the New Deals and actively promote TRAVEL ENTERTAINMENTSee www.lgcareers.com opportunities. www.newdeal.gov.uk/.

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Local government is a diverse employer that encourages the development of its staff, who in turn deliver quality services to its clients - the public. Employees feel that they are contributing to the local community and making a difference in people’s lives whilst working in a dynamic, fair and flexible environment. Whoever you are and whatever your background, working in local government gives you the opportunity not only to develop your career but also to improve others’ lives. 36

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BUSINESS£STUDIES:NEWS DEVELOP YOUR SKILLS I WANT A... CAREER AT SEA

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f you choose to applicants with commercial awareness, Study a Business and business studies graduates should Degree, during have the edge because you develop your course you specific skills: business analysis; will develop a good mix marketing; research methods; sensitivity of subject specific and HEALTHto organisational needs; and good TRAVEL ENTERTAINMENT technical skills as well quantitative skills. General skills are as transferable core also relevant: independent study; skills. Consider these cross-cultural working; leadership and Advic alongside your other teamwork; communication and information e activities, such as paid technology. Consider, too, the opportunity work, volunteering, family provided by your course to test your skills responsibilities, sport, in project management or by participating Consider in a small business or enterprise module how to improve your skills. membership of societies, LIFEBYTE FASHION COMPETITIONS leadership roles, etc. a strong plus for employability. Think about how these can be used as evidence of your Where you can work skills and personal attributes. Then Business studies graduates are found you can start to market and sell who in almost every employment sector but you really are, identify what you around 22% typically enter employment may be lacking and consider how to in commercial, industrial and public improve your profile. sector management. Commercial roles Because of the breadth of this field of are found within: retail; manufacturing; study, it is useful to think carefully about utilities such as electricity, gas and water the specific benefits that you can ‘sell’ supply; construction; distribution; hotel to an employer. What are the strengths and catering; transport; ICT; and business of your course? Is it strong in a specific services. field such as financial management, group About 19% enter employment in business and finance. Relevant “Because of work, or cross-cultural working? Most business courses address accounting and finance opportunities the breadth contemporary and pervasive issues, such include those in professional services of this field as business innovation, e-commerce, (chartered accountancy, consultancy, law creativity and enterprise, knowledge and tax); and those with major industrial of study, it management, sustainability, globalisation, and manufacturing organisations and is useful to business ethics, values and norms. Think finance - banking, city markets or think about how you can demonstrate your insurance. Significant numbers of business carefully awareness of relevant issues to potential employers. graduates also head for media jobs, the about the You may already be on the way to hospitality industry and retail. specific a professional qualification. Specific benefits that modules, e.g. in accounting, human resources and marketing, may carry the More information you can bonus of enabling you to accredit prior ‘sell’ to an learning. Check with your department. see www.prospects.ac.uk Many employers search hard for employer.”

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There are opportunities throughout

Working in media, print & the UK, although national newspapers, magazines, broadcasting companies and publishing involves CONTENTS BITS N BOBS and many publishing companies tend to be creating products that based in London. Freelancers and employees working on inform and entertain specific projects in media, people. Administrative, photography and journalism may be required to travel craft, technical and anywhere in the UK, or even professional opportunities overseas, for work. I WANT A... STUDY ADVICE CAREER AT SEA Creativity is an essential are available in a number skill for many jobs in this of media, including: family. Communication

Media

Mogul Working in Media, Print and Publishing

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skills, the ability to work • TV, film and radio - workers are involved well in a team, IT skills and in projects ranging from news broadcasts confidence are also likely to and documentaries to reality TV, sitcoms be important. There are no set and big-budget films TV, film and radio - workers are entry requirements for • newspapers and magazines involved in aHEALTH range of projects TRAVEL ENTERTAINMENT many jobs but, because researching, writing, editing and entry is so competitive, applicants with illustrating news stories and features relevant qualifications are likely to have on a huge range of local, national and international topics dvi advantage. Over two-thirds of media Aan ce • books - producing fiction and non-fiction professionals are graduates, and many graduates apply for junior positions to titles on an enormous range of subjects • photography - producing images that tell gain work experience and make useful contacts. Applicants in these fields need to a story or record an event FASHION be persistent and committed to succeed. • print - making hard-copy products thatLIFEBYTE COMPETITIONS Relevant work experience, which may be include books, newspapers, magazines, unpaid, can be a vital step to finding paid greetings cards, brochures and office employment. There are opportunities in stationery. printing for entrants at every level. Training opportunities include on-theMany jobs in this sector require early starts and late finishes, day, evening, night job training and short courses offered by and weekend working. Long hours may be Sector Skills Councils and professional bodies. NVQs/SVQs and Apprenticeships required to meet deadlines. While some are available in some sectors. Continuing workers are based in offices, studios or Professional Development (CPD) print shops, others may be required to may be necessary to keep up travel frequently and work outside in all to date with new technology. weather conditions. Freelancers must fund their Employers range from very small own training. companies to large organisations with Many careers have no thousands of employees, but many people spins from formal promotion structure, in this sector are self-employed. The planet Venusrth and the Ea st. we but experienced workers Over 400,000 people work in film, TV, east to in from west may be able to progress to radio and photographic imaging. other planets spst. ea to more senior roles. It may The printing industry employs around was be possible to work 200,000 people. Competition for many The toothbrush 98 overseas. LS roles is intense. invented in 14 .

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“Creativity is an essential skill for many jobs in this family. Communication skills, the ability to work well in a team, IT skills and confidence are also likely to be important.”

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such CONTENTS as business studies to give a wider BITS N BOBS range of opportunities. For many people, though, languages are only part of their work and you may not need such a high level of fluency. Someone working in sales, marketing or finance, for instance, may need to speak a foreign A... language to communicate withI WANT a customer. STUDY ADVICE CAREER AT SEA

Whether your job is helping shape EU policy, promoting the UK overseas or helping people who have moved to the UK from abroad, language skills make a big difference.

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Working for the UN is a possible language future.

Visiting a country is considered the best way to acquire or improve language skills. However, there are many opportunities to practise your language skills at home TRAVEL ENTERTAINMENT either before or during study. For instance, your school, university or college may have access to local business contacts and be able toAdarrange student placements. vic e Language degrees must always involve a year or so studying or working abroad.

NewLIFEBYTE horizons and FASHION opportunities?

What qualifications will I need?

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Currently, there is strong demand for linguists across all the main occupational sectors with jobs available at all levels, and for a wide range of languages. Finance, technology and engineering are just some of the areas where languages are becoming an important secondary skill for jobs as varied as accountancy, website development and car manufacturing. Look at BLIS Jobs (www.blis.org.uk/ jobs) to get some idea of the opportunities available. Languages aren’t just about learning grammar and vocabulary. One of the reasons language skills are prized is that they bring with them a range of other assets – like general communication skills, cultural awareness and an openness to new experiences and challenges. LS

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£ MONEY

How can I gain working experience in languages?

n interest in languages opens up a whole world of career opportunities. While translating, interpreting and teaching may be the obvious choices, there are many other job areas that need language skills – for example, export sales, bilingual business support, finance, tourism and travel, broadcasting and customer relations. In the government, charity, industrial and commercial sectors, people with language skills are also in demand.

You can choose to study qualifications such as AS or A level in a wide range of languages, but there are also plenty of other options, like National Vocational Qualifications/Scottish Vocational Qualifications (NVQs/SVQs) and businessrelated language qualifications such as the Certificate of Business Language Competence. For jobs that specialise in languages – such as translation, teaching and interpreting – you will need to have studied the language at a high level as well as obtain professional qualifications, such as a postgraduate degree or diploma. You can also combine languages with other skills

WORLD OF WORK

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More information See www.languageswork.org.uk

HEALTH

COMPETITIONS

“Visiting a country is considered the best way to acquire or improve language skills. However, there are many opportunities to practise your language skills at home either before or during study.” 43


CONTENTS

What type of jobs are available?

T

here is a wide range jobs STUDYof ADVICE in this area. The majority are frontline jobs – dealing with customers and other business colleagues for most of the working day. Some people market and promote their area and provide information, like ENTERTAINMENT tourist office and information centre staff. Others make bookings for holidays and tours from travel agencies, by direct phone vic line bookings or over the internet.AdHoliday e representatives and tour managers or leaders look after visitors during their stay away and often arrange activities for them. LIFEBYTE Other careers in the industry include providing foreign exchange, helping to run tourist attractions and holiday centres, leading tour guides, quality assessing accommodation and travel writing.

Will I need a degree?

Over two million people work in travel and tourism in the UK. They are employed by a wide range of travel and tourism enterprises. These include tour and coach companies, travel agencies, tourist information centres, holiday parks and centres, ferry companies and tourist attractions.

SO YOU WANT

TO WORKTOUIN RISM 44

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Not necessarily. Entry requirements vary according to different employers and types of job. Qualifications range from NVQs/SVQs to HNDs (higher national diplomas) and degrees. You could also take special certificates or diplomas for particular jobs. Different levels of qualification are available in business travel, leisure and tourism, tour operations, travel and tourism and travel services, for example. Achieving a relevant qualification before applying for jobs in the industry can improve your chances of getting a job and, sometimes, progressing more quickly.

Could I get a job straight from school?

It is certainly a possibility, especially if you are willing to start at the bottom and work your way up. Some employers like to employ young people direct from school and train them in a way that fits their type of business and style. Whilst there are big companies involved in the industry, such as holiday and tour companies, many facilities and services are run by small businesses

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BITS N BOBS

WORLD OF WORK

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or families. There is often encouragement to I WANT A... continue training or to CAREER AT SEAwhile on the job MONEY gain additional qualifications. Some larger businesses have their own ongoing staff training programmes.

I WANT TO WORK IN...TOURISM

What personal qualities do I need?

It is most important to enjoy working with TRAVEL HEALTH people. Tourism is a customer-based industry. Most employees work as part of a team, aiming to provide excellent service to people enjoying their travel and leisure time. So, you need good communication skills and a pleasant, polite and friendly personality. FASHION Working with a range of COMPETITIONS customers also means being able to respond quickly to their different needs and requests. To do this well, you need to be energetic, flexible and able to prioritise enquiries and tasks. IT skills are increasingly important, especially for people involved in making bookings for customers’ business and leisure travel.

What is the chance of promotion?

It is generally good. Most travel and tourism businesses encourage the training and development of staff. They are often keen to promote people from within, who have good knowledge of their work area and demonstrate the skills and determination to progress. Many jobs also provide background knowledge and skills for other types of job within the industry. This is because they are primarily involved in customer service – providing information, organising activities and making bookings for people.

Operators/Agencies

People working in travel agencies and direct line reservation companies book holidays for customers face to face, by telephone or over the internet. Tour and coach operators organise holidays and tours in the UK and overseas. Travel representatives work for operators in holiday destinations. ➔

“Tourism is a customerbased industry. Most employees work as part of a team, aiming to provide excellent service to people enjoying their travel and leisure time. So, you need good communication skills and a pleasant, polite and friendly personality.” 45

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I WANT TO WORK IN...TOURISM

S

NEWS

PROFILE: Travel agent

tuart Wales is a sales consultant for STA Travel, the world’s largest student and youth travel organisation. He works at their London School of Economics branch. How would you describe your role? Selling and encouraging worldwide travel, with special focus on younger people. I talk to customers about their travel ideas, search our databases for the best options and make bookings. Do you have regular routines? I check that all the brochures are on display and well presented as soon as I open up. I check emails constantly. They could be updates or confirmations on bookings I’m making, or industry and news events that could affect us. I also make sure that I’m up to date with new fare information and promotions. Did you need specific qualifications? No. Just a real interest in travel. I also did a geography test at my interview. You need to have had some experience working in sales and dealing with customers as well. I’ve always been attracted to travel, and have backpacked and worked for a voluntary organisation

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overseas before getting this job. Do you need any particular skills? You need to have good communication skills. Personal interaction with customers, business contacts and your team is most important. You also have to be well organised, as you’re working on lots of different bookings at once. What are the main challenges? Dealing with so many different requests and bookings at once. It’s a sales job, so there are targets to reach that affect how much you get paid. So you have to be focused on selling the right things, as well as giving your customers what they want. What do you enjoy most about the job? I enjoy working with the team, getting to know customers, and doing something positive for them. Some customers are regulars, others give positive feedback after their trip. Travel opportunities are great and worth working for.

Stuart’s route

• Degree in Economics and Development Studies. • Travel during holidays and after university. • Worked for overseas voluntary

organisation. • Sales consultant for STA Travel.

Stuart’s tips

• Try to get a Saturday job that involves selling. • Take every opportunity for travel. •L  earn about the places you’re going to.

Salary information

Salaries vary according to employer and geographical location, but new consultants usually earn around £12,000. With experience, this can rise to around £14,000. Senior consultants/supervisors with some companies can earn up to £16,000 or more. Consultants usually receive travel vouchers or discounts on their holidays.

Getting in

•T  here are no specific entry requirements. Most employers prefer applicants with GCSEs/S grades – English, maths, geography and ICT are useful subjects. Some experience of working with the general public and/or in sales is helpful. •T  he Travel and Tourism Company offer qualifications including Primary and Advanced Certificate in Travel (Travel Agents). •T  here is an NVQ in Travel Services at Levels 2 and 3. Local colleges can provide information on general travel and tourism courses/. LS

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CONTENTS

BITS N BOBS

WORLD OF WORK

£ Banks and Building Societies

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anks and building societies offer a really good and safe place to keep your money. It’s also a great way for you to try and save your money and earn some interest. There are lots of things you need to think about carefully when opening a bank or building account as they make a difference to how easy it is to get to your money.

Location

MY MON£Y Follow are easy advice on how to set up your banking account. 48

Choose a bank or building society that is easy to get to. This may be important to you as you may want to have easy access to your money and make regular deposits. Your account may only come with a pass book so you will have to get to your bank or building society to put money in and draw money out. Your choice may be limited if you live in a rural area or are after a particular account. Internet banking may be an option. Internet banking has the obvious advantage of being able to control your account without having to phisicaly go to a bank or building society. However, there are down sides. You need to be confident about handling a bank account without the need to ask for help and advice. There is little customer service available and often you will receive a postal statement once a year rather than every month as with conventional banks.

Accessing your money

Most bank accounts for young people offer a cash card, which allows you to take money out of any branch or cash machine. Some cash machines may charge you for this service. There may also be a debit card available on some accounts (depending on certain conditions such as age set by the bank). A debit card allows you to take money out of your account like a cash card, but

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also allows you to make payments directly birth certificate and proof of your address. I WANT A... with it in shops, over the phone or on the It is a good idea to check with the bank STUDY ADVICE CAREER AT SEA internet. or building society beforehand to find out Some building societies will give you a what they will accept. pass book. Every time you take money out or put it into your account, it will be entered Youth Accounts into your pass book, so it’s easy to keep If you are under 16 there are plenty of track of your money. accounts available. Both banks and One thing you don’t want is someone building societies offer a good range of else getting access to your money so these types of accounts. A single bank TRAVEL security measures are important. or building society may have two or more ENTERTAINMENT PIN - With both a cash card and debit accounts available to young people. card you will have a Personal Identification To open a young persons account most Number (PIN). This is a four digit number banks and building societies will ask for dvi Aa that you will need to remember so you can ce small cash deposit. You may also have take money out of a cash machine and to ask your parent or carer to open the make payments in shops. Never give your account on your behalf. You will either get a pin number to anyone. If you need to write passbook and/or cash card to access your it down to remember it, don’t keep it with LIFEBYTE money. FASHION your card Chip and PIN - You may have heard Current Accounts about chip and PIN but what is it? During You have to be 16 or over to open a current 2004 a new system was introduced across account. Most people have a current the UK to reduce debit card fraud. The account to manage their day to day finance. chip and PIN card looks the same as your With a current account you usually get a existing debit card, but it has a ‘smart’ cash card or debit card and/or cheque chip that holds your 4 digit PIN. When you book. You will also be able to set up Direct pay for goods in a shop with a chip and Debit and standing orders and possible PIN card you won’t have to sign a receipt. arrange an overdraft. Instead you’ll be asked to enter your PIN into a keypad. See www.chipandpin.co.uk/ Savings accounts Lost or stolen cards, cheque books and There is a huge range of savings accounts passbooks - If you do loose or think your available to suit your needs. Most banks cash, debit card (chipped or not) passbook and building societies will ask for a cash or cheque book have been stolen you deposit to open a savings account. If you must report it straight away. Your bank or are trying to save, you would be best to building society may also have a 24 hour choose an account with a high interest rate. emergency phone number that you can ring However, a general rule is the higher the if you can’t get to your local branch. interest rate, the less often you can take money out of your account.

Type of accounts

There are a lot of different accounts on offer these days and hopefully after a little bit of shopping around you will find one to suit you. When you open an account, one thing is for certain: You will have to prove who you are. All banks and building societies will ask for some form of identification, such as a passport or

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Student accounts

Many banks and building societies offer student accounts, with special overdraft rates while you are studying. A good place to look for what offers are available is on ‘studentzone’. It will also give you some information on student loans, grants and scholarships. LS

MONEY

HEALTH

COMPETITIONS “There are a lot of different accounts on offer these days and hopefully after a little bit of shopping around you will find one to suit you. When you open an account one, thing is for certain: You will have to prove who you are.” 49


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Grace, later this year. The young actor has finally agreed to tie the knot saying, “I’ve known her for a long time – we met on an acting course. We’re really happy together, so I just thought ‘Why don’t we get married?’ “We could wait for another two years or we could just do it now Steven and Bradley come to – and we’ve decided to go for it. blows over Stacey. We’re getting married in September this year, though we haven’t set a precise date yet.” Speaking of his female fans since landing his role in the top BBC soap, he added: “The girls have been a bit crazy. They’re always coming up to me wanting my photo and autograph, but most of the time I’m with my fiancée.” His spell in The Square has been full of hi-octane drama – including accidentally shooting Jane when attempting to take his stepfather Ian Beale hostage, being admitted to a psychiatric hospital and a suicide attempt. Steven tries to convince himself However, to the dismay of everything’s fine by seducing Stacey. his loyal fans, he will be leaving EastEnders later this year. He is to be written out of Walford in a storyline which sees his character, Steven Beale enjoy a love scene with gay character Christian Clarke. An insider said: “He will leave with a bang. There’s a big exit story, which could even see him killed off. “Jane Beale’s gay brother Christian has already flirted with him but it goes much further than that, but he also has passionate scenes with Stacey Slater and really struggles with his sexuality. “It’s an extremely odd love triangle.” It may be the last we will see of Brooding is not uncommon for Steven Beale, but we’re sure it’s just characters in Walford. the beginning of a bright new future for Aaron Michael Sidwell. LS

He may come from a small village in Maidstone, Kent, but Aaron Michael Sidwell has become a household name (and a bit of a heart throb) thanks to his part as mixed-up kid, Steven Beale in Britain’s favourite soap, EastEnders.

1

9-year-old Aaron currently plays the troubled Steven Beale in EastEnders, originally joining the cast in September 2007 as Steven, Ian Beale’s stepson, returned from New Zealand. Aaron took over the role from Edward Savage who last appeared in 2002. Aaron has starred in several adverts and lots of stage work, but EastEnders is his first fully-fledged TV acting role. …and for a first role – he has certainly had to take on some big story lines. Aaron grew up in the village of Kingswood, Kent, and his talent was recognised at a young age when he was given a drama scholarship aged eleven years old. Alongside his acting career, he still follows his other life with a passion– as lead singer in a metalcore band called Bitter Conflict. It looks like romantic success is on the horizon for him as well as Aaron has just announced he has taken the plunge and plans to marry his long-term girlfriend

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LEAVINGSCHOOL.CO.UK

Did you know….. Advic • A aron sings in e

metalcore band Bitter Conflict and his favourite bands include LIFEBYTE Killswitch Engage. • H is mum trained to be an actress. • In his first ever taste of fame, he played Stan Laurel in a Laurel and Hardy skit for a school play. • L ike castmates Joe Swash (Mickey), Mo George (Gus), and Matt Di Angelo (Deano), Aaron’s an Arsenal fan. • A aron isn’t a fan of Steven Beale’s look and has to have his curly hair straightened for the role.

“The girls have been a bit crazy. They’re always coming up to me wanting my photo and autograph, but most of the time I’m with my fiancée.” 51


STUDY ADVICE

ENTERTAINMENT

I

f you, like me, have watched all Futurama episodes so many times now that you can quote every long ramble given by the Professor and secretly want to read Al Gore’s take on Harry Potter, then you will have been eagerly waiting for the release of Bender’s Big Score. Set several years after the show was cancelled (and Planet Express’ delivery licence was “cancelled” by the Box Network, a not so subtle jab at the show’s former home), the guys are back and end up the victims of nudist internet scammers. When the scammers discover the secret to time travel on Fry’s bum (where else would it be?) they end up sending Bender back through time to steal all the world’s valuables. Of course, it soon gets a lot more complicated. Bender’s Big Score is written by several of the show’s former writers, so the characters are back in fine form, quirky and mad as usual. Everyone gets their moment to shine and Leela even meets a new man. The movie isn’t flawless, as the story takes a while to kick into high gear, but there are

BENDER’S!

BACK BABY

Picture © 2008 Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation and Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment LLC. All Rights Reserved.

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enough jokes to keep you going until then. All our favourite secondary characters return, with an appearance by the Santa robot, Hedonism Bot, Santas weird little elves and, for those who have been waiting for him, we also get to see Hanukkah Zombie do a rap. Fans of Nibbler will also not be disappointed, as he once again speaks and this time it isn’t wiped from the crew’s memory. So maybe he’ll do more than just eat ham next time, even if it is only ride on the back of a guinea pig. For some people’s liking there may not be enough of John A Zoidberg, MD, but the loveable but unloved Crustacean does get plenty of chances to make a fool of himself when it comes to helping Hermes after the accountant loses his head (literally!) For those left craving more adventures, rest assured: Three more movies are on their way, although no UK release date has been announced for the second outing The Beast with a Billion Backs. One can only hope that these sell well enough and we’ll be getting many, many more adventures. LS

Set sevAdvic e eral years after the show was LIFEBYTE cancelled, the guys are back and end up the victims of nudist internet scammers. When the scammers discover the secret to time travel on Fry’s bum they end up sending Bender back through time to steal all the world’s valuables.

Amazing Facts

Prize was The Nobel Peace sored by on sp d an d ce du intro inventor of Alfred Nobel - the . ite m dyna

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G N Y I L L E V A R T ABROAD ant , it is import o g u o y r e v “Where This will l insurance. e v a tr e v a uld h to covered sho re a u o y t a if th mean injured and, t e g r o l il e .” you becom ck to the U K a b t h g u ro b e necessary, b

ou may have decided to take a holiday or work abroad with friends or even fancy striking out on your own. Either way, thousands of young people travel the world every year and have a great time. Travelling with friends means that there is someone to have fun with and who can watch out for you. If you are thinking of travelling alone you will need to prepare carefully and ideally have contacts at your destination. Find out as much information as you can about the country or countries that you intend to visit before you go. Talk to a travel agent and, as there is no substitute for experience, speak to people who have been there before. If you are disabled you will have to do your homework with regards to the suitability and safety of travelling in your planned destination. This won’t be a problem in most places, but some of the more remote places might be tricky. Also, consider contacting travel agents that specialise in providing holidays for disabled people, like Access Travel and Canbedone. Find the links to these in the ‘Who can help?’ section of this article. Make sure you know about currency, language and any customs, behaviour and dress codes for each country you intend to visit. As well as knowing about the country of your choice there are some basic elements that you should have covered before you go. Travel Insurance - Wherever you go, it is important to have travel insurance. This will mean that you are covered should you become ill or get injured and, if necessary, be brought back to the UK. Your insurance should also cover: • Dental problems. • Missed flights. • Lost luggage. • Theft. • Personal liability. If you intend to do any sports like scuba diving, skiing or mountaineering check the policy will cover you; some risky sports will

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need a separate insurance policy. Don’t go for the cheapest cover as this may not be the best and, as with any policy, read the small print to ensure that you are getting what you need for the amount of time you need it. Many policies do not cover claims arising from ‘pre-existing medical conditions’ - any illness or health problem that existed or was diagnosed before you go on holiday. This means it is important to choose the correct policy if you are disabled or have a long term illness. Passport and Visas - Ensure that you apply for your passport in good time. If you have one, ensure that it is valid. Leave a photocopy of your passport with a friend or family member at home before you travel. Check if there are any visas that you will need by talking to your travel agent or contacting the embassy of the country you are planning to visit. Personal safety - If you have an idea of where you’ll be going and staying, leave details with your family or friends. Make sure that you can contact them, and they can contact you by email or mobile phone. Be careful with alcohol and know your limit - you are more vulnerable to accidents and crime after drinking alcohol and may not be covered by your insurance. Avoid drugs and always try to be aware of what is happening around you; be vigilant and don’t leave your drink unattended. Take care of your belongings, make copies of tickets, passport, insurance policy (plus 24 hr emergency numbers), and contact details to have with you and a set for contacts at home. Working Abroad - If you are considering working abroad there are organisations that can help you with finding work either paid or through volunteering. It may mean that you can spend longer travelling and really experience life in other cultures. Remember that an employer abroad will require the commitment that goes with a job, so think carefully and be aware of all the requirements of any job before you begin. LS

LEAVINGSCHOOL.CO.UK

STUDY ADVICE

CAREER AT SEA

ENTERTAINMENT

TRAVEL

Advic e

LIFEBYTE

WHO CAN HELP? The Foreign and Commonwealth Office has a lot of information for holidaymakers and travellers on all aspects of travel abroad. Visit their site at www.fco.gov.uk/travel. The Suzy Lamplugh Trust gives advice on over 190 countries to help you prepare and plan for safe travelling. Visit their site at www. suzylamplugh.org/worldwise/. STA Travel is a travel company that caters specifically for students and under 26 year olds. Visit www.statravel.co.uk.

Stay safe & healthy: • Check if you will need any vaccinations before you leave. You can FASHION do this by seeing your GP or visiting a travel clinic. • Watch what you eat and drink. • Always practice safe sex & take condoms with you. • Be careful with personal hygiene. • Make sure that you have enough money for your trip. • Find out what currency you’ll need from your travel agent. • Try and have some back up funds and always have your return ticket safe. • If you are taking credit cards check that they will remain valid for the length of your trip. • Try to take a mixture of cash, travellers’ cheques and credit cards. • Use a money belt to keep money and important documents safe, leave valuables and money in a hotel safe if possible.

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B

ut isn’t it only a problem for adults? No. HIV is a big problem for young people, as well as adults. In 2007, it is estimated that there were 2.5 million people under 15 living with HIV. What’s the difference between HIV and AIDS? HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a serious condition in which the body’s defences against some illnesses are broken down. This means that people with AIDS can get many different kinds of diseases which a healthy person’s body would normally fight off quite easily. So how do you get it? HIV is passed on in the sexual fluids or blood of an infected person, so if infected blood or sexual fluid gets into your body, you can become infected. This usually happens by either having sexual intercourse with an infected person or by sharing needles used to inject drugs with an infected person. People can also become infected by being born to a mother who has HIV and a very small number of people become infected by having medical treatment using infected blood transfusions. HIV can’t be caught by kissing, hugging or shaking hands with an infected person, and it can’t be transmitted by sneezes, door handles or dirty glasses. What is safe sex? Safe sex means sexual activities which you can do even if one person is infected with HIV, and they definitely won’t pass it on

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to the other person. Loads of activities are completely safe. You can kiss, cuddle, massage and rub each other’s bodies. But if you have any cuts or sores on your skin, make sure they are covered with plasters (band-aids). Nothing you do on your own can cause you to get HIV - you can’t infect yourself by masturbation. What is safer sex? Safer sex also means using a condom during sexual intercourse. Using a condom is not absolutely safe as condoms can break, but condoms can be effective if they are used correctly. To find out more about this, go to www.freedoms. org.uk or pick up some from your doctor or local clinic. Oral sex (one person kissing, licking or sucking the sexual areas of another person) does carry some risk of infection, for example, infected sexual fluid could get into the mouth. The virus could then get into the blood if you have bleeding gums or tiny sores somewhere in the mouth. The same is true if infected sexual fluids from a woman get into the mouth of her partner. But infection from oral sex alone seems to be very rare. How do I tell if someone has the virus? There is no way to tell just by looking at someone whether they are infected with HIV. Someone can be infected but have no symptoms and still look perfectly healthy. They might also feel perfectly healthy and not know themselves that they are infected. The only way to know if a person is infected or not is if they have a blood test. Can I get it from my first time?

Yes, if your partner has HIV and you have unsafe sex, then you can become infected. How do I get tested? You may find it helpful to talk to an adult - perhaps a parent, school nurse or teacher may be able to advise you where you can have a test. It’s much better to talk to someone than to worry on your own. The clinic will suggest that you wait three months (or six in the US) after your last risky sexual contact before having a test. This is because the virus is difficult to detect immediately after infection.

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MONEY

ENTERTAINMENT

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HEALTH

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COMPETITIONS

Advic e

LIFEBYTE

Will they tell my parents? The clinics in different places have different policies. Most (but not all) clinics have a confidentiality policy, and will not tell anyone, although some places will want to bring a parent to give consent. You can phone the clinic before you go and find out. What will they do? Before they do anything, the doctor or nurse will ask if you’re sure you want to have a test. They will usually take a sample of blood from you to examine. If you also want to be tested for STD’s, they may take a urine sample, or they might ask if they can take a swab from the vagina or penis. Some places can give you the results on the same day, in other places you may have to wait for a week or more. While you wait, you shouldn’t have sexual contact with anyone. LS

USEFUL WEBSITES For more information see www.avert.org www.positivenation.co.uk www.bodyandsoulcharity.org

WHATS THE BIG DEAL?

It’s easy to think that AIDS is something for other people to worry about - gay people, drug users, people who sleep around. This is wrong - all teens, whoever they are, wherever they live need to take the threat of HIV seriously. To be able to protect yourself, you need to know the facts, and know how to avoid becoming infected. LEAVINGSCHOOL.CO.UK

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ENTERTAINMENT

MOVING OUT OF HOME

Advic e

LIFEBYTE

For those of you thinking of moving out here’s some stuff you should know.

M

oving out of home is a big change in your life and you need to make sure you’re ready and have thought things through. The independence can be great, but you’ll also have new responsibilities and whilst it sounds obvious, it can be a bit of a shocker when you realise how much time it takes to do the shopping, cooking and cleaning! For most people, the most affordable way of moving out of home is by renting a place. However you need to be aware that there are lots of other costs on top of your rent that you would not know of if you were living with your parents or carers. On top of your rent you’ll probably need to pay: • A deposit (this can be up to one months deposit). • Council tax. • Utility bills (gas, electricity, water, telephone). • Insurance. • Travel. • Food. • Clothing and socialising. It isn’t cheap and you need to be sure you can afford to pay for everything before you make the leap! You’ll need to be organised to make sure everything gets paid when it should. Here are some of the other essentials you should think through: • Where you are going to live. • Who will you live with or can you rent alone.

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•W  hat accommodation do you want or can you afford. •W  ill you have friends or family near by for socialising and support. •D  o you need parking or to be near public transport. •W  hen do you want to move out. •A  re you entitled to any benefits or allowances. •A  re you entitled to Social Housing (Council Housing). •L  ook around a few properties before making your decision, so you know you’re getting value for money. •F  ind out your rights and get contracts checked at your local Citizens Advice Bureau. •K  eep in touch with your family - it’s a big step for your parents/carers too and they’ll want to know that you’re safe and happy. Remember, leaving home is a big step, so make it as fun as possible by thinking things through first so you can really enjoy your new independence. LS

WHO CAN HELP? When renting or buying a house you have certain rights. Check out the Citizens Advice Bureau website to find out what your rights are and exactly where you stand. Visit them online at www.adviceguide.org.uk.

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“Remember, leaving home is a big step, so make it as fun as possible by thinking things through first so you can really enjoy your new independence.” LEAVINGSCHOOL.CO.UK

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ENTERTAINMENT

TRAVEL

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LIFEBYTE

FASHION

casual elegance French Connection provide us this months must have look, casual but completely elegant. www.frenchconnection.com

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Clockwise from top left: Grey fine knit cardigan £65. White puff sleeve t-shirt £30, denim trousers with braces £75, gold mirror magic belt £25, octagonal bangle £18. Pale grey stripe shirt £40, graphic tie £25, navy trousers.

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ENTERTAINMENT Left to right: Blue spot print dress £50, yellow and lime weave bangle £8, black segment bracelet £15. Khaki utility jacket £95, dark denim ‘regular fit’ jeans £65. Starship trooper sports jacket £60, white ‘slim fit’ jeans £60.

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FILM OF THE MONTH

GAME OF THE MONTH

Son of Rambow

Patapon This game is a lot of fun... Pata pata pata pon... You get small soldiers, make them run... Pata pata pata pon... Errr... Something else that’s nice and rhythmic; ...I’m not a lyricist, leave me alone...

After selling two million copies of the marvellous Inside In, Inside Out, indie poster boys The Kooks seem to have succumbed to the curse which has plagued so many musicians. Enjoying huge success and critical acclaim with their debut and becoming festival heroes with their summery anthems, there seemed no end to the band’s reign of the hearts of a nation. Well, not until now at least. Yes folks, it may be a cliche, but the Kooks have fallen foul of second album syndrome. Konk isn’t imbued with the sunshiny, carefree sound that its predecessor was infused with. Only the single, Always Where I Need To Be, has the band’s signature effervescent quality and bounce about it. The album seems, on the whole, a little contrived with the recycling of old guitar lines and intros. It’s almost as if they’ve said: ‘Right, people liked this hook, this line, this intro; let’s try and use it again’. To call Konk the sound of complacency is too cruel, but it is the sound of a band who don’t seem as enthused and as ready to impress. There are, however, some shining moments on the album. Mr Maker is a little barnstormer of a track; peppered with hand claps and slide guitar; it is the sound of a band enjoying themselves. Stormy Weather, despite having an intro which sounds like a detuned Sofa Song, is hugely likable with its refrain of ‘’It feels like love, love, love’’. It plods along sweetly and could be the sort of track that you might bop, albeit ironically, to at an indie disco. One Last Time is a lovely piece of balladry but loses credibility somewhat with its rhyme of: “ABCDEF and G/Reminds me of when we were free’’. Konk is not without its accomplishments, but it lacks the drive and far more importantly, the anthemic qualities of their debut. It’s too early to count them out, but they’ll need to try harder with album number three. Konk is out now. Written by Kate Sharp

When some people first hear the title Son of Rambow, they conjure up nightmarish visions of Sylvester Stallone passing on the baton to some illegitimate love child so the series can run forevermore. Well, worry not. Son of Rambow is the brainchild of Garth Jennings, one half of Hammer & Tongs and best known for their unique music videos for Supergrass, R.E.M and Blur. It tells the story of Will and Lee Carter (read fast and as one word) who set out to make their own entry for a movie competition. The decision to make a sequel to Rambo is set in stone after Will, whose family are part of a technology-shunning cult, sees his first ever film, which happens to be a pirated copy of Rambo: First Blood. What follows is silly, sweet and very funny, with Will playing the son of Rambow and having to perform all of his own stunts, from jumping out of a tree with only an umbrella to break his fall, to being shot off of a ladder by a water canon. The acting, especially from the two leads, is surprisingly good. In a world where most young actors have the range of a Rupert Grint in the first Harry Potter rather than that of a Jodie Foster in Taxi Driver, Bill Milner and Will Poulter do very well as Will and Lee respectively. It’s not all smooth sailing, as the main thrust of the film is with the two boys and their time with each other. When the movie switched focus from Will and Lee to Will’s interaction with an older French exchange student who secretly just wanted to act, I found myself bored. As far as coming of age movies go, this one will definitely make you laugh as well as satisfy those wanting their dose of hideous 80s fashion, now that Ashes to Ashes has aired its last episode for the season. Son of Rambo is out now. Written by Jonathan Williams

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Patapon on the PSP, and yet another reason to pick up Sony’s little handheld that could. But is it any good? Yes, yes it is. I’m aware already made out that it’s worth picking up before asking that question, but I just read this article on GameSpot and it’s made me want to include as many of the clichés as possible. Take THAT, Kyle Orland! Yeah, fight the power. This game does not have realistic graphics (scratch number 6 off the list), unless you live in a world of cartoons and beautiful little welldefined characters, it most certainly is quirky (there goes 5), fans of fun will enjoy it (a double whammy of 4 and 1 there), but will it sell? Only time will tell (there goes 3!). Okay, enough with the silliness. Patapon is a lovely little rhythm action game that sees players taking control of tiny eyeball armies as they go around fighting, reducing things to rubble and hunting, as well as drinking and partying like made little buggers. It’s really good fun (1), and achieves this through a startlingly simple method - you simply input drum beats to the rhythm of the flashing screen, with different combinations of beats having different effects. Square, square, square, circle (pata-pata-pata-pon), for example, moves your troops forward. Obviously you learn more commands as the game progresses - attack, defend, retreat etc. - and these each use different combinations of the face buttons. It’s very simple, and any fears that combinations will be hard to remember fall flat when you realise that the beats are coded into your subconscious as soon as you’ve carried them out one or two times. It’s a kind of brainwashing, come to think of it... Just as Loco Roco was an insanely cute and simple game employed perfectly on the system it was designed for, so is Patapon. It’s no surprise it was made by the same team as Loco and the whole thing just oozes with the charm you would

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ENTERTAINMENT

REVIEWS

ALBUM OF THE MONTH The Kooks - Konk

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expect from a very genuine, totally non-cynical piece of work. It’s impossible not to love it, just as it’s impossible not to tap your feet or nod your head along with the beat. As much as this may make you look like a berk on the train (to those of you who saw me on the 1330 from Leeds to Liverpool the other week - I am not mental. I was playing Patapon). I can’t exactly say it’s refreshing to feel like this about a game, because Loco Roco did the exact same thing - it’s still nice though. Gives you that warm, fuzzy feeling inside and induces involuntary smiling. There are bad points: it isn’t the longest of games, it costs £25 when it’s supposed to be a budget release and the repetition of hunting levels can get a bit old - in fact it’s the closest you get to cynicism with the game. But these are moot points when you look at the whole package - it’s a game that will appeal to all and has the same effect that Loco Roco and Parappa the Rapper had on me, making it one that I’m sure to reference in polite conversation for a long time to come. Either that or I’ll just sit on a lonely train carriage screaming “PON PON PATA PON!” until they come to take me away. The Final Word: On its own, Patapon isn’t a ‘system seller’ or whatever you want to call it these days. But when combined with the fantastic array of other exclusive titles on the PSP it really is. Taking the game as an individual and ignoring the bigger picture though, it is a wonderful game, full of happy happy joy joy from start to finish. If you don’t smile at it then you’re an idiot, frankly. By Ian Dransfield www.kikizo.com

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FASHION

he UK’s multiaward winning artist Estelle is back with ‘Shine’ - her stunning new album, on general release across the HEALTH UK now. She is the first artist signed to US soul sensation John Legend’s new Homeschool Records label and her new album features collaborations with Wyclef Jean, will.i.am, Swizz Beats, Mark Ronson and KanyeCOMPETITIONS West, as well as a beautiful duet with John Legend. Rashmi Shastri met up with Estelle to talk about the album and her rise to prominence. You performed at the BBC Electric Proms recently. How was it? I loved it! It was so nice to come home and do a show for people who know me and my songs. I travel so much at the moment I don’t even get a chance to miss home. Everything’s been pretty cool so far.

Things have blown up for you more than ever with Wait A Minute (Just A Touch). Things started to get better from the time I released 1980 as a single. Right now, things are on a totally different level. We’re going international now. I’ve had the opportunity to travel to so many places within the past year. I like your new look by the way! Thank you. People have now figured out I’ve got legs and boobs! I’ve got a great stylist who gets me stuff but I don’t really have anyone telling me what to wear. She gets me lots of stuff but I don’t always get to keep it because it’s usually designer or runway. I also get discounts in shops like MAC makeup and shoes. They know you will end up wearing their things so they give you a celebrity discount. There’s this designer called Ashish who I really like.

How has John Legend helped you? Oh he’s helped me plenty, especially since he signed me. He’s dope in the studio and a great person. He has a great ear for music. Will.i.am is also fun to work with; we’re always having jokes in the studio. I met him through John.

What about the people saying you’re not staying true to the UK and where you’re from? I don’t let anyone’s opinions affect what I do with my life. If they have a problem with it then I don’t really care. If they wanna talk about me then they can because at the same time it’s keeping my name out there.

Have you thought of working with the Black Eyed Peas since you’ve already done something with will.i.am? Yeah, I would like to. Maybe when I’m famous enough to catch up with them. We already have Wyclef Jean, Swizz Beatz, Mark Ronson and Kanye West on this album plus more.

What makes you a musician over just a rapper? I produce, I have opinions about the beat, and I write things. It’s not about making quick hits, it’s about making music that people will listen to generations from now. That’s the kind of career I want. LS

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