THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
[Colonel Hawley kindly presented us with a dozen cocoons, each pierced near one extremity by the circular hole whence had emerged singly both sexes of the above parasitic Braconid, which proves upon examination to be a species of Rhogas as anticipated (Trans, iii, 196 where read Jubbulpore throughout for Tubbulpore) and has been described (Entom. 1937, p. 255) by us as Rhogas siccitesta, sp. nov., because it emerges from the indurated husk of its host's larva. It is a solitary parasite of D. nerii, L., showing no indication of its presence tili the laiter's Caterpillar is or two inches in length : " I saw no parasite laying eggs in these larvae," the Colonel says in lit. Sept. 1936, but they were already attacked when I found them about one or \ \ inches long and looking quite healthy. Soon after that they collapsed suddenly and became brown over the three or four central segments, but remained fixed to their fulcrum. In a few hours the anterior five or six segments became detached and feil to the ground, leaving the posterior ones still in situ to form the ' cocoon ' for the parasite's pupa, whose larva is a greenish-white creature fully a quarter-inch in length." T h e whole process is obviously analogous to that of British species of this genus, especially Rhogas prertor, Reinh., which thus slays the allied Smerinthus populi, Linn.—Ed.]
HYMENOPTERA PORTIO TERTIO ET
Plectücus collaris, Gr.—Finbro (Tuck), Lackford, Walberswick. P• terebrator, Fst.—On Monks Soham House window, 30 August. P. melar.ocerus, Fst.—Beaten from poplar in Bentlev Woods on 23 May 1931. Aperileptus albipalpus, Gr.—Rarelv seen [reccrded from Norfolk]. Proclitis prcetor, Hai.—Swept at Claydon bridge, September. P. socius, Hai.—Brobablv not uncommon : on nettles at Wherstead. Megastylus cruentator, Schd.—Tostock (Tuck); common at Monks Soham, &c. M. conformis,Fst.—Taken at Palmers Heath, Brandon, May. Helictes erythrostomus, G m — S w e p t at Mildenhall on 19 June 1915. H. mediator, Schd.—Not uncommon : on nettles at Wherstead. H. borealis, Hlg.—Abundant everywhere throughout the County. Ponzon exhaustator, Fab.—Quite rare : in a Wherstead lane, 28 October 1898.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
P. gravipes, Gr.—Rare on Angelica-flowers at Foxhall, Sep P. angustipennis, Hlgr.—Finbro Park (Tuck), Foxhall. &c. P. harpunis, Sehr.—Abundant: males hover in May, like Empids. Biaparsus geminus, Hlg.—Doubtless abundant : Farnham in Jun D. erythrostomus, Gr.—Occasionally taken on poplar at Bentley. D. rufipes, Hlg.—Abundant: Ipswich (Platten), Tostock (Tuck). D. rnicrocephalus, Gr.—Common everywhere in the autumn. Thersilochus melanarius, Hlg.—Not very common at Bentl T. minutus, Bdg.—Taken onflovversat Tostock, Farnham, &c. T. nitidus, Bdg.—In profusion on Mustardflowersat Cavendish. T. morionellus, Hlg.—Abundant through the entire County. T. truncorum, Hlg.—Several females on Angelica-Üowers at B T. jocator, Fab.—Fairly common everywhere throughout June. T. carinatus, Bdg.—Several females taken at Brandon in June 1911. T. Orchesice, Morley.—Parasitic upon Orchesia micans; Ipsw T. Moderator, Hlg.—Abundant throughout the whole County. T. saltator, Fab. Commonly swept from reeds at Southwold. Cremastus geminus, Gr.—Occurs rarely in the Brandon marsh C. spectator, Gr.—Lakenheath, and on the open Breck at Brandon C. decoratus, Gr.—Rare: Dunwich, Felixstow and Claydon. Campoplex rugifer, Fst.—A female in Bentley Woods on 13 Jun C. oxyacanthee, Boie.—Not common on birch in Bentley Woods C. angustatus, Th.—Bred from Gunton Wood near Lowestoft (Campbell-Taylor). C. terebrator, Fst.—Rare on mountain-ash in Bentley Woods. C. nitidulator, Hlg.—A female in Bentley Woods (Elliott). C. myrtillus, Dsv.—Bred from X. citrago at Polstead, 17 April 1926 (Harwood). C. pugillator, Linn.—Not infrequent throughout the County. C. foveolatus, Fst.—Rarely noticed : Stanstead Wood in May. C. aneeps, Hlg.—Once swept from reeds in Southwold salt-marshes. C. lapponicus, Hlg.—Bred from H. dipsacea at Yarmouth (Harw and at Tuddenham Mary 1927 (Gilles); Monks Soham. C. bucculentus, Hlg.—Bred from H. marginata at Tuddenh (Harwood), and Ampton (Nurse). C. costulatus, Bdg.—Taken in west Suffolk during 1915 (Harwood C. erythrogaster, Fst.—Not uncommon : Tostock (Tuck), Tuddenham, Bentley, &c. C. monozonius, Fst.—Common : Tostock and Bungay (Tuck), Dunwich, Icklingham. C. obreptans, Fst—Probably frequer.t: Staverton Thicks, &c. C. disclusus, Fst.— Not common: Benacre Broad (Tuck), Mildenhall, Elmham, &c. C. tenuis, Fst.—Finbro (Tuck), Tuddenham, Covehithe, &c. C. Maria, Schm.—Finbro (Tuck), Tuddenham Fen (Elliott). Sagaritis femoralis, Gr.—Bred from E. akhemillata in west (Nurse). S. raptor, Zett.—Netted in Tuddenham vilage on 12 June 1908.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SÜFFOLK.
erythropus, Th.—Doubtless infrequent: Dodnash Woods once in September. S. maculipes, Tsh.—Brandon; and during August at Monks Soham. S. annulata, Gr.—Not uncommor throughout the County. S. Sonata, Gr.—Assington Thicks, bred from H. leucophearia 1921 (Harwood). Cymodusa cruentata, Gr.—Not very common about Ipswich, &c. C. leucocera, Hlg.—Abundant : Barton, Mildenhall, Depden, Henham, Monks Soham, &c. C. antennata, Hlg.—Common on flowers at Bentley, Foxhall. Casinaria morionella, Hlg.—Bred from E. dodoneata at Timworth (Nurse) ; Monks Soham. C. claviventris, Hlg.—Apparently rare : Barton Mills and Rumburgh only. C. ischnogaster, Th.—Tostock (Tuck), Newmarket, Monks Soham. Limnerium albidum, Gm.—Common on flowers everywhere : Sudbury (Harwood). L. annulator, Zett.—Common : Icklingham in May (Chitty), &c. L. geniculatum, Gr.—Bred from Vanessa Atalanta at Sudbury, September 1920 (Harwood). L. rufifemur, Th.—Dunwich, and common in Monks Soham House. L. xanthosotma, Gr.—Apparently rare : once at Bentley Woods. Pyracmon montanus, Htg.—One female in Monks Soham garden on 22 July 1908. Canidiella tristis, Gr.—Both sexes captured at Tostock (Tuck). C. subcincta, Gr.—By no means uncommon during summer. C. exigua, Gr.—Abundant everywhere in June : Monks Soham, &c. C. trochanterella, Th.—Swept rarely from reeds at Southwold. C. immolator, Gr.—Very rare : a female on Monks Soham windows 23 May 1913. Nemeritis cremastoides, Hlg.—Always common at Monks Soham. N. gracilis, Gr.—Taken at Tostock in early September (Tuck). Phobocampa crassiuscula, Gr.—Common : Bentlev Woods, &c. P. bicingulata, Gr.—Common : Tuddenham (Elliott), Brandon, &c. P. obscurella, Hlg.—Apparently rather rare : once at Foxhall. Spudastica Kriechbaumeri, Bdg.—Tuddenham Fen, Barton Mills. Ecphoropsis Viennensis, Gr.—Not common : Barton Mills in August. E. fuscipes, Hlg.—Widely distributed throughout the County. Omorga mutabilis, Hlg.—Parasite of C. brumata ; abundant. O. Faunus, Hlg.—In great profusion throughout the County. O. molesta, Gr.—Apparently uncommon : Claydon bridge, &c. O. difformis, Gm.—Common : Depden, Reydon, and always on Monks Soham windows O. borealis, Zett.—In profusion throughout the County. O. cursitans, Hlg.—A fairly frequent species everywhere. O. lugnbrina, Hlg.—No rarer than the last species. O. ensator, Gr.—Constantly swept from herbage during June. O. multicincta, Gr.—Rare : once found at Claydon bridge.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
Gonotypa melanostoma, Th.—Once in hundreds at Southwold. Nepiera concinna, Hlg.—Very common everywhere : Parham, &c. N. clypeata, Brsh.—Uncommon : a female at Mildenhall, 1907. Tranosema robusta, W o l d — O n e female captured near Ipswich. Olesicampa auctor, Gr.—But once taken, at Bramford on 1 June. O. fulviventris, Gm.—Evenly distributed from Brandon to Dunwich ; Monks Soham. O. longipes, Müll.—'Tostock and Bury (Tuck), T u d d e n h a m Fen. O.. nigroplica, T h . — I p s w i c h ; and common at Bedfield in August. O. simplex, Th.—Tostock, Bungay (Tuck), Brandon, Farnham, &c. O. sericea, Hlg.—Bred ex B. notha, east Suffolk, May 1920 (Harv.ood) ; Bentley, &c. Meloboris dorsalis, Gr.—Marshes, r a r e : swept at East Bridge. M. inculcator, Gr.—Common in swamps throughout the County. M. rufiventris, G r . — I n the greatest profusion in marshes. M. littoralis, Hlg.—Uncommon on coast at Aldeburgh, Southwold. M. ischnocera, Th.—Apparently rare : T u d d e n h a m Fen and Lowestoft denes. M crassicornis, Gr.—Freckenham (Walsh); our commonestspecies. Pectenella latungula, Th.—Abundant about Epibolium hirsutum. Angitia annulicrus, Th.—Rarely met with in Bentley Woods A. coleophorarum, Ratz.—Occasionallv at Alderton & Southwold. A. Elishce, Bdg.—Not rare on flowers at the end of September. A. sordipes, Th.—Probably a common species : Henstead in July. A. apostata, Gr.—Uncommon : Bentley, Clare-Stoke, Assington. A rufipes, Gr.—Doubtless quite common : Bentley, Burgh Castle. A. claripennis, Th.—Aldeburgh (Tuck), Brandon and Lowestoft. A. majalis, Gr.—On Hyponomeutce ; Felixstow, Bentley, Harleston. A. fenestralis, Hlg.—Britain's commonest Ichneumonidse. A. chrysosticta, Gr.—Hardly rarer than the foregoing : windows. A. lateralis, Gr.—Fairly common on flowers : Monks Soham, &c. A cylindrica, Brsh.—A common species : Tostock (Tuck). A. armillata, Gr.—(Entom. 1937, p. 211)*. Common, T u d d e n h a m Fen to Alderton. tibialis, G r . — T u d d e n h a m Fen, Rishangles, Southwold, &c; bred Bentley Woods from Coleophora luteipennella, Zell. A virginalis, Gr.—Common everywhere during May ; Wangford. A. gracilis, Bdg.—Rarer than last: Finbro (Tuck), Southwold. A. vestigialis, Ratz.—Common about willows everywhere. A. ruf ata, Bdg.—Rare : a male at Bungay on 3 October, Tuck. A. interrupta, Hlg.—By no means uncommon in the County. A. deficiens, Gr. (lehn. Brit., p. 117 = exareolata, Ratz., I.e., p. 203).—Occasional. A. parvicauda, Th.—Extremely abundant in Southwold marshes, 1907. New to Britain ( E M M . 1921, p. 53). Anüasta notata, Gr.—Apparently very r a r e : Ipswich &c.
* A d d at p. 140 b o t t o m (supra) t h e Chalcid, Ageniaspis fuscicollis, D a Im., b r e d at W o r l i n g h a m f r o m Hvponomeuta rorella, H b . ( E n t o m . 1937, p. 211).
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
A. A. A. A. A. A.
rapax, Gr.—Dunwich, ex Oxyptilus teucrii, June 1926 (Blair). ruficincta, Gr.—Barham oak-wood (Sparke), Finborough Park. ccedator, Gr.—Uncommon : marshes at Bramford, Tuddenham. tricincta, Hlg.—Rare : Tostock (Tuck), Tuddenham Fen. inquinata, Hlg.—Apparently very rare : Lakenheath in June. coxalis, Brsh.—Certainly occurs. [Known in Norfolk and Essex.]. A. Brischkei, Bdg.—Once beaten from birch at Tuddenham. Holoeremma clandestina, Hlg.—Uncommon : Mariesford and Bentley Woods. H. argentata, Gr.—Tostock (Tuck), exPteronus ribesii at Sudbury (Harwood), &c. Pristomerus vulnerator, Pz.—Eriswell (Elliott), Tostock (Tuck), west Suffolk (Nurse), Monks Soham bred tx C. pomonana. Schizoloma amicta, Fab.—Apparently very rare : Ipswich in 1893. Anomalon cerinops, Gr.—A pair on Atigelica-flowers at Claydon. A. bellicosum, Wsm.—Rare in Bentley Woods during May. Labrorychus nigricorms, Wsm.—Not rare, flving among birch. L. clandestinus, Gr.—Rare on birch : Tuddenham Fen and Bentley. L tenuicornis, Gr.—Common in woods at Bentley, Assington. Schisoloma amicta, Fab.—Apparently very r a r e : Ipswich, 1893. Anomalon cerinops, Gr.—A pair on Angelica-ftowers at Claydon. A. bellicosum, Wsm.—Rare in Bentley Woods during May. Labrorychus nigricornis, Wsm.—Not rare, among birch in May. L. clandestinus, Gr.—Rare on birch : Tuddenham Fen &c. L. tenuicornis, Gr.—Common in woods at Bentley, Assington. L. debilis, Wsm.—On F<eniculum vulgare flowers at Alderton. Agrypon anomelas, Gr.—Apparently quite rare : Ipswich in 1894. A. variitarsum, Gr.—No commoner : Bentley Woods, May 1902. A. nigripss, Bdg.—A single male taken at Bentley with the last. A. canaliculatum, Hlg.—Bred in west Suffolk early in May 1911 (Nurse) ; Brampton Wood, June 1932. A. ßaveolatum, Gr.—Abounds in every oak-wood, on Thecla quercus, &c ; Monks Soham garden, flies to light. A. anxium, Wsm.—Uncommon in Bentley Woods and Assington. Ophion Mocsarii, Brns.—Light at Monks Soham, 6 Sept. 1920. O. luteus, L.—Abundant everywhere ; at light at Monks Soham, &c. O. calcaratus, Morley.—Ipswich (Platten), Tostock (Tuck). O. distans, Th.—Tuddenham (Elliott), Aldeburgh (Tuck). O. parvulus, Kr.—Woods : Assington, Bentley in 1926, Barham. O. forticornis, Morley.—Known i n t h e w o r l d o n l y from Felixstow. O. stigmaticus, Morley.—West Suffolk (Nurse), Walberswick. O. longigena, Th.—On Heracleum-Üowers, Southwold cliffs. O. longicornis, Brns.—One female bred at Monks Soham in June. O. scutellaris, Th.—Abundant : Brandon (Elliott), Monks Soham. O. brevicornis, Morley.—Type captured in Bentley Woods (E. W. Platten).
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
O. obscurus, Fab.—Abundant: especially at Monks Soham light. O. minutus, Kr.—A male on oak at Brandon on 20 May 1911. O. ventricosus, Gr.—Rare : Bentley Woods, May 1918 and 1935. [Abounds near Peterboro.] Henicospilus ramidulns, L.—Tuddenham (Elliott), Brandon (Chitty), Southwold. H. merdarius, Gr.—Tostock Fen (Tuck), Tuddenham (Elliott). H. combustus, G.—One female at Hepworth, 1933 (Kirkby); another at light in Monks Soham House, 22 August 1918. One male Aying in hedge at Saxstcad Bottom, 24 August. Opheltes glaucopterus, L.—Rare : Bury (Wratislaw), Tuddenham. Paniscus tarsatus, Brsh.—Bred in west Suffolk (Nurse) ; Brandon. P. virgatus, Frc.—Bred at Sudbury in 1917 (Harwood), Ipswich, &c. P. latungula, Th.—Abundant in woods, May : Ampton (Nurse). P. cristatus, Th.—Not very common : among alders at Reydon. P. melanurus, Th.—Frequent: Tostock (Tuck) ; Monks Soham. P. testaceus, Gr.—Abundant : Ipswich (Platten), Southwold. P. gracilipes, Th.—Ipswich at light (Platten) ; Monks Soham. P. fuscicornis, Hlg.—Not rare : Ipswich (Platten), and Monks Soham, at light. P. brachycerus, Th.—Unknown outside Suffolk: West Stow, Foxhall, Staverton, Brandon. P.cephalotes, Hlg.—Common parasite on D. vinula, &c, everywhere. Astiphrommus alarius, Gr.—One female at light on Covehithe sandhills at 8 p.m. on 17 September 1935. A. plagiatus, Th.—Beaten from birch in Assington Thicks. Mesochorus politus, Gr.—Swept singly in Bentley Woods in July. M. tetricus, Hlg.—Common : Bury (Tuck); Monks Soham garden. M. temporalis, Th.—Corton, ex Eupithecia absynthiata (Blair). M. vitticollis, Hlg.—Abundant: Tuddenham, Monks Soham*. M. testaceus, Gr.—Common: Tuddenham Fen and Ba/ton Mills. M. confusus, Hlg.—Ipswich (Platten), Foxhall, Henstead, Brandon. M. fuscicornis, Brsh.—Very common : Diss and Brandon, June. M. thoracicus, Gr.—Common : Reydon, Minsmere, Westleton, Lound, Kessingland. M. sylvarum, Curt.—Uncommon: Tuddenham Fen and Hadleigh. M. vittator, Hlg.—Apparently not common with us : Barnby Broad. M. pectoralis, Ratz.—Rare on thistles in Bentley Woods, November (cf. Trans, supra ii, p. 10) M. tachypus, Hlg.—Apparently rare : Aying at Southwold, July. M. facialis, Bdg.—Bred from E. jacobcea at Tuddenham in July 1916 (Harwood). Scictopisthus complanatus, Hai.—Bentley Woods and Herringswell. *On S August 1917 I saw a female at rest beneath a lime-leaf in my garden, which retained its wings outspread and flat upon the leaf, a position of rest otherwise quite unknown to me among all Ichneumonidas.—C.M.
S. laticeps, Th.—Common on Fennel-fiowers: Reydon, Total of this well-worked family is :— Subfamily Ichneumonina; . . .. .. 140 species „ Cryptinae .. .. .. 179 ,, Pimplinae .. . 113 „ Tryphoninae .. .. ., 184 ,, Ophioninas .. .. ., 196
altogether .. .. 812 specics in Suffolk, f . out of 1523 (Morleys 1915 'Catalogue of British Ichneumonida;'), plus 26 since discovered, making 1549 species now known in Britain. BRACONID7E. PARASITIC
[The cornplete Catalogue of British Braconidx is here printed. Note that only italicised species are known to occur in Suffolk.] SUBFAMILY METEORIDES
Meteorus albiditarsis, Ct.—Common : Bentley Woods (Elliott) M caligatus Hai—Occasionally beaten from Prunus in May M. chrysophthalmus, Nees.—Freston, Bentlev and Brandon M deceptor, Wsm.—General: Tuddenham Fen (Sparke) M. pallidus, Nees.- -A pair in Tuddenham Fen, 1902 (Sparke) M. tabidus, Wsm. '' M. pallidipes, Wsm.—Common on bushes : Wherstead, Assington. s M. confinis, Rth. M ictericus, Nees.—Very common on bushes about midsummer. M. vexator, Hai. M. obfuscatus, Nees.—On Orchesia micans: Corton fBlair) • Hulver bndge and about Ipswich. ' Pwctiventris R t h . - C o m m o n : Brandon, Tuddenham, Southwold, Monks Soham. M. atrator, C u r t — O n bracken in Staverton Thicks ; windows. M. albtcornts Rth.—Beaten, with Ploiaria vagabunda, from hollv in Bentley Woods. M abdominator, Nees.—Monks Soham, May 1925 M. jaculator, Hai.—Rare : Monks Soham, 9 a.m., 3 0 T u l y l 9 2 3 M. niger, Lyle. M. melanostictus, C a p . - P r o b a b l y rare : swept at Brandon, May. M. pulchrtcornis, W s m . - A b u n d a n t in woods at Bentley, &c ivl. consors, Rth. M. scutelhto,. Nees.—Occasionally on Monks Soham windows unicolor > Wsm.—Brandon staunch, 1929 M. micropterus, Hai. M. bimaculatus, Wsm. M. versicolor, Wsm. M. profligator, Hai.
230 M. M. M. M. M. M. M. M.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
filator, H a i — T o s t o c k ( T u c k ) ; in dead rabbit, Bentley Woods. brevipes, Wsm. cinctellus, Nees.—Barton Mills, June 1928. tenellus, Msh. rubens, Nees.—On the coast sand hills at Felixstow (Piffard). lseviventris, Wsm. fragilis, Wsm.—Moulton, Tuddenham, Needham, Ipswich. luridus, Rth. PACHYLOMMATIDES
Pachylomma buccata, Breb.—Rare on Monks windows, early Julv. Spilomma falconivibr?ns, Morl. EUPHORIDES
(cf. Entom. 1908, p. 286).
Neoneurus Berolinensis, Rth. Euphorus mitis, Hai. E. similis, Curt. E. piceipes, Hai.—Abundant: Tuddenham, Stanstead, Barnby, &x. E. pallidipes, Curt.—Brandon, Barton Mills, Tuddenham, Bentley, Foxhall, Henstead. E. tuberculifer, Msh. E. coactus, Marsh. E. accinctus, Hai. E. intactus, Hai.—Swept in a marsh at Brandon on 23 June 1909. E. apicalis, Curt.—A beautiful insect: beaten oak at Freston, &c. E, ornatus, Marsh. E. parvulus, Rth.—Rarelv noticed : beaten pine at Brandon, &c. E. fulvipes, Curt. Wesmcelia cremasta,Msh.—Rarely seen : beaten oak at Brandon. Eustalocerus clavicornis, Wsm. Streblocera fulviceps, Westw. S. macroscapa, Rth. Perilitus cerealium, Hai.—Doubtless common : on Monks boham window, 26 June 1926. P. athiops, Nees.—Taken at Lakenheath in Julv 1899, and Monks Soham in May. P bicolor, Wsm.—Very commonly swept on oper. Breck, Eriswell, 8 July 1920. P secalis Hai. P. brevicollis, Hai.—One swept in Wangford Wood, Southwold. P fähiger, Rth.—None localised, but sure to prey on Timarcha. P rutilus, Nees.—Abundant on Monks Soham windows ; Ipswich. P. terminatus, N e e s — D u n w i c h , bred from Coccinella II-punctata, June 1926 (Blair). P. strenuus, Msh.—Tostock (Tuck); on Fennel-flower at Alderton. Microctonus conterminus, Nees.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
M. M. M. M. M. M.
testaceus, Cap. vernalis, Wsm.( = cultus, M s h . ) . — W a n g f o r d Wood, Southwold. Cynthius, Lyle. pusio, Marsh. splendidus, Msh.—Occasionally in August : Southwold. parvicornis, Reinh.
M s h . — O n c e swept f r o m herbage at W e n h a s t o n . CALYPTIDES.
Eubadizon extensor, L i n n . — N o t u n c o m m o n in woods : Bentley.. E. flavipes, Hai. E. pallidipes, Nees. Ccdyptus puber, H a i . — C o m m o n in J u n e : Brandon, Mildenhall. C. segmentatus, M s h . C. fasciatus, N e s s . — U n c o m m o n in Assington Thicks, spring. C. ruficoxis, W s m . — T u d d e n h a m Fen on 12 J u n e 1908. C. sigalphoides, Msh.—Several in August 1923 at M o n k s S o h a m . BI.ACIDES.
Pvgostolus sticticus, F a b . — N o t very f r e q u e n t in our larger woods P. falcatus, N e e s . — C o m m o n e r : Brandon, M o n k s Soham, &c. Blacus tuberculatus, Wsm.—Frequent f r o m Mildenhall to Walberswick ; Staverton. B. armatulus, Rth.—Several f o u n d in Bentley W o o d s in 1898. B. ruficornis, N e e s . — A b u n d a n t evervwhere t h r o u g h o u t the C o u n t y ' B. compar, R t h . — O n c e f o u n d in moss at Bedfield in F e b r u a r y 1921. B. maculipes, W s m . — T u d d e n h a m Fen in J u n e 1915 (Elliott). B. tripudians, Hai. B. hastatus, Hai.—Bred f r o m Cts ; Brandon, Barton Mills, and in cop. at Bedfield. B. mamillanus.—Rth. B. instabilis, Rth.—Apparently rare : in M e r k s Soham garden B. paganus, H a i . — A b u n d a n t (Trans, ii, 297) : Southwold. B. tnvialis, H a i . — A b u n d a n t everywhere : Rishangles on Angelica. B. interstitiahs, Rth.—NEW TO BRITAIN. A male at W e n h a s t o n on 6 S e p t e m b e r 1911. B. errans, Nees.—NEW TO BRITAIN. Female in Bramford marsh 7 October 1899. [Also Cromer, 19031. B. ambulans, Hai. LIOPHRONIDES ( c f . E M M .
Liophron Saxo, Reinh.—NEW TO BRITAIN. Mildenhall 1899 [Clacton, 1913 ( N e w b e r y ) ; Lichfield, 1926 (L. Carr)l n muricatus, Hai. ' L- Uturatus, H a l . - B l y t h b r o Wood, 12 September 1935 [Painswick (jlos. and N e w Forest]. • a t e r > Nees.—Bradwell church, 1935. I n Bombus-bees' nests.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
L. edentatus, Hai.—A female in bugloss flower, with Ceratina, Shrubland, 5 July 1923. Centistes lucidator, Nees.—Prohably quite common : Barnby, &c. C. fuscipes, Nees.—Once taken at Foxhall, on 30 August 1899. Syrrhizus delusorius, Fst.—One of the undescribed males in Monks Soham garden, 1913 ; it differs only sexually. ICHNEUTIDES.
Ichneutes reunitor, Nees.—One on an oak-leaf at Monks Soham. I. brevis, Wsm. Proterops nigripennis, Wsm.—' The only female [Bracon denigrator] that I have seen was captured by the Rev. W. Kirby, and is now in Mr. Stephen's fine collection' (Curtis, B. E. lxix ; cf Marshall, T r . Ent. Soc. 1889, p. 185). Not noticed here later. HELCONTIDES.
Helcon annulicornis, Nees.—Female at Brantham on 5 July 1899 ( E M M . Aug. 1900). H . ruspator, Linn. MACROCENTRIDES
Macrocentrus marginator, Nees.—Abundant on marsh-flowers. M. nitidus, Wsm.—Brandon, August 1906 (Entom. 1914, p. 260). M. thoracicus, Nees.—Ipswich at üght (Platten), Assington Thicks. M. abdominalis, Fab.—Ipswich bred from A. caja (Platten), Tostock, Benacre (Tuck). M. infirmus, Nees.—Aldeburgh (Tuck), Monks Soham garden. M . aequalis, Lyle. M. collaris, Spin.—Not rare : Alderton, Brandon, Onehouse. Zele testaceator, Curt.—Uncommon : Ipswich, and bred from B. repandata at Monks Soham. Z. infumator, Lyle. Z. chlorophthalmus, Nees.—Rarelyat light, Monks Soham, autumn. Z. calcarator, Wsm.—NEW TO BRITAIN. A female in Bentlev Woods, 1894 (E. Baylis). Z. geminator, Lyle. Z. discolor, Wsm.—Rare : a female in Blythburgh Wood, Sept. DIOSPII.IDES.
Aspidogonus diversicornis, Wsm. ( E M M . 1923, p. 278). Diospilus specidator, Hai.—Marshes : swept in Tuddenham Fen. D. oleraceus, Hai.—Abundant every where in July: Monks Soham. D. morosus, Reinh.—Apparently rare : On Southwold windows. D. ovatus, Marsh.—Rarely noticed in Parham Wood, May. D. capito, Nees.—Common in early September: Southwold. D. produetus, Msh.—Once swept by the river at Brandon staunch. Caenocielius analis, Nees.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
Dolops hastifer, Marsh. D. aculeator, Msh.—Southwold, Monks Soham windows. Dyscoletes lancifer, Hai. OPIIDES.
Gnamptodon pumilio, Nees. Hedylus habilis, Marsh. Eurytenes abnormis, Wsm. Opius lugens, Hai.—A single female was swept at Wissett, Sept. O. pendulus, Hai. O. pygmceator, Nees.—Apparently rare in late May : Foxhall. 0 . apiculator, Nees. O. clarus, Hai.—A female swept at Brandon staunch on 11 June. O. victus, Hai.—Sure to occur ; unlocalised. [Norfolk and Essex], O. spretus, Hai.—Tostock in September (Tuck), swept Southwold. O. tacitus, Hai.—In marshes in middle of June : Barton Mills during 1900. O. exilis, Hai.—Late June : Tuddenham Fen and Monks Soham. O. pallidipes, Wsm.—A male swept from reeds at Easton Broad. O. analis, Wsm.—Bred from Diptera : Brandon, and the undescribed male at Nacton : it differs only sexually. O. vindex, Hai. 0. celsus, Hai. O. crassipes, Wsm. O. saevus, Hai. O. instabilis, Wsm. O. compar, Msh.—Bred from Chromatomyia obscurella, Fln. O. maculipes, Wsm.—Common in June : Brandon, Diss, Nacton. O. cingulatus, Wsm. O. ochrogaster, Wsm. 0 . irregularis, Wsm. 0 . leptostigmus, Wsm. O. parvulus, Wsm.—Doubtless abundant in June : Diss, and a pair at Brandon. O. docilis, Hai. O. polyzonius. Wsm. 0. nitidulator, Nees.—Bred from Pegomyia hyoscyami: on Southwold shore in July, &c. O. aethiops, Hai. O. pactus, Hai. O. aemulus, Hai. O. zelotes, Msh.—Frequently swept in Tuddenham Fen, June. O. ruficeps, Wsm.—By no means common in marshes : Foxhall. O. bajulus, Hai. 0 . truncatus, Wsm. O. rudis, Wsm. O. caesus, Hai. O. ceelatus.—Males rarely swept in marshes in, middle of June.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
O. reconditor, Wsm.—A female in found Tuddenham Fen, 1915. O. testaceus, Wsm. O. rufipes, Wsm. O. comatus, Wsm. Biosteres carbonarius, Nees.—Bred from P. hyoscyami; Tuddenham. B. impressus, Wsm.—In woods during June : Tostock (Tuck). B. bicolor, Wsm. B. hcemorrhous, Hai.—Not rare in marshes : Brandon in June. [And Wicken Fen.] B. blandus, Hai. B. rusticus, Hai.—Not rare in marshes : Tuddenham Fen in May. [And Horning.] B. scabriculus, Wsm. B. Wesmteli, Hai.—One fine male taken at Felixstow on 20 June. B. placidus, Hai. B. sylvaticus, Hai.—Not rare in Breck marshes: Lakenheath, &c. Diachasma caffer, Wsm. D. cephalotes, Wsm.—A male swept in the Baylham marshes on 4 September 1917. D. fulgida, Hai. D. rugosa, Wsm. SUBFAMILY BRACONIDES ( c f . E M M .
106 ; 1908,
Bracon pectoralis, Wsm.—Not very frequent: Monks Soham. B. erythrostictus, Msh.—Certainly rare : Kessingland (EMM. 1926, p. 236) ; a female at Southwold in 1907. B. scutellaris, Wsm. B. lsetus, Wsm. (Bred from Saperda populnea, L.) B. intercessor, Nees. B. minutator, Fab.—Tostock (Bloomfield), bred from Urophora solstitialis, at Monks Soham. B. virgatus, Marsh. B. stabilis, Wsm.—Bury district (Tuck), abundant at Monks Soham. B. longicollis, Wsm. B. fulvipes, Nees.—Stowmarket (Elliott), Mildenhall, Southwold. B. variegator, Nees.—Bred from spiders-web, Tcstock (Tuck). B. nigratus, Wsm.—Common on oak: Monks Soham windows, &c. B. subcylindricus, Wsm. B. exarator, Msh. B. erraticus, Wsm.—Common : Oulton Broad, east Wangford, Breck, Monks Soham. B. triangularis, Nees.—Unlocalised. [Catfield, Ncrfolk ; Leverton and Rasen, Lines.] B. Roberti, Wsm. (Bred from Sesia andreniformis at Tring, Herts.) B. lavigatus, Ratz.—Common in marshes during May : Foxhall. B. barypus, Msh.—Apparently rare in the Breck marshes in June.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
B. mediator, Nees. (Bred from Sesia benbeciformis in Yorks). B. fuscicoxis, Wsm.—Common in marshes at Brandon (Tomlin). B. Vectensis, Marsh. B. tornator, Msh.—Mildenhall, Tuddenham, Wangford, Foxhall. B. gültiger, Wsm.—Not rare : Brandon, Nacton, and on Charophyllum at Monks Soham. B. Satanas, Wsm.—Bentley Woods, Monks-park Wood, and in Monks Soham fly-trap. B. fraudator, Msh.—Not infrequently found at Monks Soham. B. epitriptus, Msh.—An abundant species : Barton Mills, Ipswich. B. larvicida, Wsm.—Doubtless common ; none localised. [Holme, Norfolk ; Louth, Lines.] B. pratermissus, Msh.—Abundant : Mildenhall, Lowestoft, &c. B. brevicornis, Wsm. B. piger, Wesm. B. caudatus, Ratz.—(Bred from Hylesinus fraxini.) Monks Soham. B. longicaudis, Ratz,—(Bred from Hylesinus fraxini at Enfield). B. abscissor, Nees. B. colpophorus, Wsm.—Not very often noticed at Monks Soham. B. regularis, Wsm.—Common in marshes from Mildenhall to Foxhall and Ashfield. B. diseoideus, Wsm.—Sufficiently common ori Angelica : Brandon. B. terebella, Wsm.—Doubtless quite common ; overlooked. B. Oostmaeli, Wsm. B. bipartitus, Wsm. B. variator, Nees.—Abundant everywhere. Parasitic on Sesia andreniformis, Lsp. B. urinator, Fab. B. osculator, Nees.—Abundant everywhere. Bred from Coleophora solitariella, Zell. B. obscurator, Nees.—Abundant everywhere. Bred from Coleoph. sieeifolia, Stn. B. anthracinus, Nees.—Very common throughout the County. R. atrator, Nees. [In profusion in Devils Dyke, Brighton, on 15 July 1909], DORYCTIDES.
Cceloides scolyticida, Wsm.—Rare: singly at wood-borings, Monks Soham and Southwold. C. melanotus, Wsm. Dorvctes imperator, Hai.—One female, Belstead-road, Ipswich. D. Heydeni, Reinh. D. leueogaster, Nees. [Bred from Bostrichus capucinus, Millwall, London], D. spathiiformis, Ratz.—Very rare : once bred from a spiders-web, Tostock (Tuck). !>• striatellus, Nees.—At Frnobius mollis borings, west Wangford.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF
Ccenopachys Hartigi, Ratz.—Monks Soham at Fossor's holes, 1920. (Bred from Tomicus bidens.) Histeromerus mystacinus, Wsm. (Bred from Leptura scutellata. In Bombi-nests, Dover.) Dendrosoter proterans, Nees ( E M M . 1933, p. 153). HORMIIDES.
Chremylus rubiginosus, Nees.—Abundant on Monks Soham windows only, 1911-32. Hormius moniliatus, Nees.—Rare in T u d d e n h a m Fen. [Gretna Scotland, August 1930 (Murray)]. EXOTHECIDES.
Phänomens fragilis, Hai.—Common in woods in May : Assington. P. dimidiata, Nees. Xenarcha lustrator, Hai.—Apparently not rare in woods: Assington, Brandon, &c. Bathystomus funestus, Hai. Rhysipolis meditator, Hai. Rhvssalus indagator, Hai—Occasional: Assington and Monks Soham, May and October. R. clavator, Hai. Colastes decorator, H a i — N o t noticed since a male occurred Bentley Woods, 1900. C. hariolator, Hai. C. braconius, Hai.—A very common species : Ipswich windows. Oncophanes lanceolator, Nees.—Bred from Micro-Lepidoptera at Monks Soham. SPATHIIDES.
Spathius rubidus, Rossi.—Found at Tostock, on 7 Sept. (Tuck). S. exarator, L i n n . — T h e beneficial parasite of the Death Watch ; a b u n d a n t : Stuston, &c. HECABOLIDES.
Hecabolus sulcatus, Curt.—The abundant parasite of Ptilimis. Synodus caesus, Nees. (New to Britain : bred by M r . Donisthorpe f r o m Beetles). Euchasmus exiguus, Marsh. PAMBOLIDES.
Pambolus mirus, Rth. RHOGADIDES
(cf. Entom. 1916, p. 83).
Heterogamus dispar, Curt.—Males swept after dark, Fen ; and at light at Fritton, August. Pelecystoma lutea, Nees. Rhogas grandis, Gir. R. cruentus, Nees.
237 R. dissector, Nees.—' Middle of May, Suffolk ' (Roms subucola, Curt : Brit. Ent. 512). R. rugulosus, Nees (Entom. 1919, p. 150). R. reticulator. Nees. R. irregularis, Wsm.—Frequent in marshes: Herringswell, Barnby, Henstead, Ipswich. R. gasterator, Jur. R. dimidiatus, Spin.—Bury (Saunders), Tuddenham Fen, &c. R. carbonarius, Gir.—NEW TO BRITAIN. TWO swept from Breckgrass, Brandon, 25 May 1922. R. modestus, Reinh. R. cantherius, Lyle. R. tristis, Wsm. R. bicolor, Spin.—Apparently rare : swept at Covehithe Broad. R. geniculator, Nees. R. vittiger, Wsm. R. arcticus, Th.—Both sexes swept in marshes at Brandon staunch. R. praetor, Reinh.—Sole British female was bred from S. populi at Monks Soham. R. testaceus, Spin.—In Blvthbro Wood on sallow, 12 Sept. 1935. R. circumscriptus, Ns.—Äbundant: Foxhall (Chittv), Benacre. R. nigricornis, Wsm.—Probably not rare, overlooked : Barnby. R. armatus, Wsm.—Rare, woods in June : Bentley and Newton. Clinocentrus exsertor, Nees.—Rarely seen : Wortham in June. C. cunctator, Hai. C. striolatus, Th.—One on Faniculum-flower at Alderton by sea. C. gracilipes, Th. C. excubitor, Hai.—Rare on sylvanflowers: Bentley Woods, &c. C. vestigator, Hai. C. stigmaticus, Marsh. C. tenuicornis, Thomas. C. umbratilis, Hai. Petalodes unicolor, Wesm. Ademon decrescens, Ns.—Found onlv, and abundantly, in Southwold salt-marshes, 1912-14. THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
SUBFAMILY CR YP TO GA STR IN JE. CHELONIDES (Cf. Entom. 1907, p. 179). Chelonus inanitus, L.—Abundant : Over ' fifty in one day ' at Lowestoft (Wood, Insects at Home 1883, p. 325). C. Wesmacli, Curt. C. submuticus, Wsm. C. speculator, Msh.—Frequent: Lowestoft denes, Claydon. C. corvulus, Msh.—Not rare in August : Staverton Thicks, Lowestoft denes, Easton Broad. C. carbonator, Msh.—Very common throughout the County, Aug. C. decorus, Msh.—Tuddenham Fen, Framlingham, Monks Soham.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
C. pusio, Msh.—Rare, seen only in 1908 : Lowestoft denes &c. C. catulus, Msh.—Distinctlv local in June : Mildenhall, Brandon. C. risorius, Reinh.—Rare : one male on sand at Blvthburgh, 1910. C. secutor, Msh.—Seen only in marshes in 1907: Brandon, &c. C. exilis, Marsh. C. latrunculus, Msh.—Apparently uncommon: Bedfield, Eriswell. C. parcicornis, Schf. C. Gravenhorst, Nees (Entom. 1924, p. 12). C. sulcatus, Nees.—Very common throughout the County in July. C. basalis, Curt. C. dispar, Msh.—One male running among moss at Foxhall. 1903. C. canescens, Wsm.—One female swept in Brandon marshes. Phanerotoma dentata, Pz.—Local: swept in Tuddenham Fen. Ascogaster instabilis, Wsm.—Apparently local : Dunwich (Blair); Parham Wood and Monks Soham. A. tritomus, Marsh. A. annularis, Nees.—By no means uncommon : Tuddenham, &c. A. Ratzeburgi, Marsh. A. mfipes. Latr.—Tuddenham Fen, and associating with Fossors. A. rufidens, Wsm.—Not an uncommon species at Bildeston, &c. A canifrons, Wsm. (Many bred from Eucosma corticana, Hb.) A. variipes, Wsm.—Common everywhere in marshes at Brandon. A. bicarinatus, Schf. (Abundant in New Forest ; not seen here.) A. elegans, Nees. A. armatus, Wsm. A. quadridentatus, Wsm.—Common everywhere : Braiseworth, &c. Acampsis alternipes, Ness. SLGALPHIDES.
Allodorus semirugosus, Nees (cf. Tr. Ent. Soc. 1889, p. 160.) A. lepidus, Hai. Sigalphus ambiguus, Nees.—Apparently rare : a female at Brandon. S. palltdipes, Nees.—In great profusion throughout the County. S. Caledonicus, Marsh. S. luteipes, Th.—Benacre and Aldeburgh (Tuck); always abundant. S. striatulus, Nees.—Rarely seen on Monks Soham windows. S. caudatus, Nees.—In profusion : Aldeburgh (Tuck); Dunwich. S. floricola, Wsm.—Common everywhere. A parasite of Ceuthorhynchus pleurostigma, Msh. S. obscurellus, Ns.—Aldeburgh (Tuck); Corton (Blair), &c. SUBFAMII.Y
(cf. Entom. 1 9 3 5 , p. 39). Acalius subfasciatus, Hai.—Common : Southwold, Monks Soham. A. viator, Fst. (Entom. Record 1908, p. 284). A. erythronotus, Fst.—Swept reeds at Buss Creek, Southwold. Mirax spartii, Hai.—Brandon, in field near water-works, 1907. MICROGASTERIDES
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
Apanteles solitarius, Ratz. A. salebrosus, Msh.—Bred from Eupithecia Helveticata. Rare. A. carbonarius, Wesm. A. tetricus, Reinh. A. ruficrus, Hai. (Bred abundantly from N. brevilinea.) A. Ordinarius, Ratz.—A common species, occuring at Wissett, &c. A. congestus, Nees.—Rarely seen on wing, but envelopes common. A. ferrugineus, Reinh.-—Marshes, common : Barton Mills. A. Bignelli, Msh.—Southwold in September 1928. (Bred from Leucania straminea.) A. analis, Nees.—Not uncommon : Monks Soham garden, &c. A. limbatus, Msh.—Ipswich in 1893 ; rarely seen at Monks Soham. A. rubripes, Hai. A. rubecula, Marsh. A. glomeratus, L.—The abundant parasite of Pieris brassica. A. sericeus, Nees. A. spurius, Wsm.—Ipswich (Platten). Breed from A. preecox. A. Vanessas, Reinh. (Bred from Limenitis Sibylla.) A. cleoceridis, Msh. A. Geryonis, Msh.—Bentley Woods in May. Bred Plumes. A. Zygtznarum, Msh.—Bred from Felixstow Z. filipendulte. A. jucundus, Marsh. A. Caiee, Bche.—Abundant. Bred from Arctia caja (Platten). A. juniperatae, Bche. A. gracilis, Curt. A. placidus, Hai. A. nothus, Msh.—Five bred from Tuddenham Anticlea sinuata. A. difficilis, Nees.—Abundant. Bred from Tostock Xylocampa lithorhiza (Tuck) and Dunwich Bombyx rubi (Dr. Vinter). A. punctiger, Wesm. A. laetus, Marsh. A. adjunctus, Nees.—Brandon, June ; Monks Soham (Elliott). A. lictorius, Reinh. A. hoplites, Ratz.—Brandon Heath in August 1929. A. falcatus, Nees.—On flowers of Angelica sylvestris in Barnby. A. cultrator, Marsh. A. decorus, Hai.—Benacre Broad, August (Tuck), Barton Mills. A. ultor, Reinh. A. dilectus, Hai. A. contaminatus, Hai. A. xanthostigmus, Hai. A. exilis, Hai.—Doubtless abundant: swept reeds at Easton Broad. A. Butalidis, Marsh. A. longipalpis, Reinh. A. naso, Marsh. A. Vipio, Reinh. A. praetor, Marsh. A. emarginatus, Nees.
240 A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
nanus, Reinh. obscurus, Nees.—Oulton Broad (Bedwell), Brandon, Barton. tenebricosus, Wesm.—Hemley salt-marshes in August 1932. viminetorum, Wesm. sodalis, Hai. albipennis, Nees. impurus, Nees. Leucania, Wilk.—NEW TO SCIENCE. Many bred from L. obsoleta, at Lowestoft in 1935 (Burton). A. ononidis, Marsh. A. infimus, Hai. A. gagates, Nees. A. Halidaii, Marsh. A. conifera, Hai.—Doubtless common : Walherswick salt-marshes. A. lineipes, Wesm.—Tuddenham and Monks Soham in June. A. chrysostictus, Marsh. A. sicarius, Marsh. A. longicaudis, Wesm. A. fuliginosus,Wsm.—Roydon on Norfolk border, and Claydon. A. corvinus, Reinh.—Depden, Monks Soham, Southwold. A. merula, Reinh.—Southwold and Rishangles. A. octonarius, Ratz. A. astrarches, Msh.—Commonly swept in hedge-rows: Lakenheath. A. abjectus, Marsh. A. inclusus, Ratz. A. immunis, Hai.—Bred from Bupalus piniarius, Dunwich (Blair). A. Cabera, Marsh.—Bred, with the last from Cabera pursaria and Abraxas marginata (Blair). A. popularis, Hai.—Bred commonly fromA'. jacobace at Tuddenham. A. popularis, Hai.—Bred commonly from E. jacobeece at Tuddenham in 1916 (Harwood). A. fraternus, Reinh. A. triangulator, Wesm. A. pallidipes, Reinh.—Tuddenham Fen (Elliott) and Brandon. A. bicolor, Nees.—Doubtless a common species: Southwold. A. formosus, Wesm. A. lucifugus, Lyle.—Cocoons on pine-bark at Walberswick, 23 September 1937 ; emerged 1 October. A. lautellus, Marsh.—Ipswich and Walberswick. A. umbellatarum, Hai. A. callidus, Hai.—Winston marshes ; cocoons in Monks Soham. A. lateralis, Hai.—On a Monks Soham window in July 1919. A. vitripennis, Ct.—Male bred in May from Brandon Thera variata (Tr. Ent. Soc. 1885). A. fulvipes, Hai.—Abundant. Parasitic on Triphcena pronuba &c. Microplitis Spinolce, Nees.—One taken at Frostenden in Sepember. M. xanthopus, Ruthe.—Apparently rare : Southwold salt-marshes. M. fumipennis, Ratz.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
M. Ocellatas, Bche. (Bred from Charaeas graminis.) M. vidua, Rth.—Creeting Hills, 1900, eleven hred from Fidonia limbaria (Trans, ii, p. 10 supra.) M. spectabilis, Hai.—Common; bred from Ipswich Apamea unanimis on 3 April 1893. M. tristis, Nees.—Bred from Suffolk Dianthacia cucubali (Tuck). M. dolens, Msh.—Rare : on Angelica-ftowers at Claydon bridge. M. sordipes, Nees. M. eremita, Reinh.—Males in Tuddenham Fen, May 1907 (Chitty). M. strenua, Reinh.—Icklingham marshes, May 1907. M. mediator, Hai.—Rare in Monks Soham garden in autumn. M. mediana, Rth.—Common : on Angeltca-Üowers at Claydon. M. tuberculifera, Wsm.—Bred from Suffolk D. irregularis (Tuck). M. adunca, Ruthe. M. borealis, Marsh. M. alvearius, Fab.—Common: Monks Soham windows, &c. Microgaster posticus, Nees.—Not rare at Monks Soham in August. M. flavipes, Hai.—An abundant species throughout the Country. M. minutus, Reinh. (Bred from Cleora jubata, 1923). M. calceatus, Hai.—Bred at Brandon (Marshall). M. Wesmaeli, Ruthe. M. marginatus, Nees.—A male in Tuddenham Fen, June 1915. M. connexus, Nees. M. tiro, Reinh.—Common in marshes at Henstead, &c. M. Suffolcensis, Morley (EMM. 1902, p. 4).—Bred from Bury Nothris verbascella (Norgate). M. russatus, Hai.—Marshes, August: North Cove in 1922, &c. [Also in Linlithgow (Evans).] M. rugulosus, Nees. (Subaqueous : bred from Hydrocampa). M. Scoticus, Marsh. M. Pluto, Morley. M. sticticus, Nees.—Quite common : Tostock (Tuck), on flowers. M. novicius, Marsh.—A female at Brandon staunch, September. M. subcompletus, Nees.—Common on Fa'niculutn-fiowers &c. M. globatus, Nees.—Uncommon on flowers at Claydon, Thorndon. M. crassicornis, Ruthe.—Not rare : Oulton, Risby, Monks Soham. M. tibialis, Nees.—On flowers, often covering their tables. M. hospes, Marsh.—Several at Southwold and Covehithe. M. spretus, Marsh. M. politus, Marsh.—One swept in Tuddenham Fen on 6 June. AGATHIDIDES
(cf. Entom. 1907, p. 217).
Agathis malvacearum, Latr. A. syngenesiae, Nees.* *Known as British from only Rye in Sussex, where it was once found abundantly by M r . Donisthorpe in A u g u s t ; and misnamed at Entom. '907, p. 218. I have it also from Spain.—C.M.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
A. A. A. A.
nigra, Nees.—A very frequent species on Angelica-Üowers. brevicaudis, Msh. (nec Reinh.).—Rare : Staverton Thicks. Anglica, Marsh. brevisetis, Nees.—Not common here [though found from Brighton to Gretna]. A. rufipalpis, Nees. Microdus nugax, Reinh—Common about Foxhall, Southwold. M. linguarius, Nees. (Usually taken at flowers of Listera ovata.) M. clausthalianus, Rth.—Uncommon at Barton Mills and Bentley. M . cingulipes, Nees. (Bred from Coleophora hemerobiella, Sc.) M. tumidulus, Nees.—Common : Foxhall, Claydon, &c. Bred from Catobtria hypericana. M. pumilus, Ratz. Entom. 1909, p. 62. M. calculator, Fab.—Of extreme rarity : one female beaten from sallows after dark in Herringfleet marshes on 15 April 1936. M. rufipes, Nees.—Apparently rare: one in Monks Soham garden. M. rugulosus, Nees. (Bred from Coleophora-species.) M. mediator, Nees. Earinus nitidulus, Nees.—Doubtless common : Tuddenham, &c. E. zonatus, Marsh. E. ochreipes, Lyle Entom. 1920, p. 229.—Monks Soham; on birch. E. delusor, Wsm.—Not rare : on Angelica-f\ower at Tuddenham. E. transversi/s, Lyle.—'Tostock (Tuck). Bred from Eupithecia. E. tuberculatus, Wsm.—A male on birch in Bentley Woods, 1903. Orgilus obscurator, Nees.—Not rare : Brandon, Tuddenham. O. ischnus, Marsh. (Andre, iii, p. 197: from Norfolk.) O. micropterus, Morley (Pparvipennis, Thoms. O.E. 2236).— Types from Foxhall and Norfolk. SUBFAMILY ALISIIDES
(cf. Entom. 1933, p. 136).
Chasmodon apterus, Nees.—Local: Reydon, Blvthburgh, Ipswich. Panerema inops, Fst. Syncrasis fucicola, Hai. S. Halidaii, Fst. Trachyusa aurora, Hai. (New Forest and 1. Wight only, in my experience.) Alloea contracta, Hai.—Frequent: Ilenstead and Potters bridge. Cratospila Circe, Hai.—One pair on Monks Soham house-window. Alysia manducator, Pz.—Ubiquitous in Carrion, ovipositing in Dipterous larvje. A. soror, Marsh. (The undescribed male, which differs only sexually, swept at Gretna by James Murray.) A.. rufidens, Wsm.—Brandon-staunch and Southwold, Sept. A loripes, Hai. A. fuscipennis, Hai. (Recently taken at Gretna by James Murray.) A. similis, Nees.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
A. mandibulator, Nees.—I swept the undescribed male from Easton Broad reeds, 1907. A. atra, Hai.—A male on the Lowestoft Denes marram-grass. A. truncator, Nees.—A male taken at Mildenhall on 27 May 1929. A. tipula, Scop.—Rarely noticed here : Monks Soham, swept Brandon marshes in September 1915. A. Sophia, Hai. A. incongrua, Nees.—A female on Monks Soham house-window. A. lucicola, Hai.—Two females in September 1897: in fungus at Bramford and Foxhall. Tanycarpa ancilla, Hai.—Once taken in Barton Mills osier-bed. T. rufinotata, Hai. T. gracilicornis, Ns.—Males in Brandon marshes. Pentapleura angustula, Hai. P. fuliginosa, Hai. P. pumilio, Nees. Idiasta maritima, Hai.—Not rare in Buss Creek, Southwold, under Sueda maritima, September. I. Nephele, Hai. Aph(treta major, Msh.—Female swept at Mildenhall marsh, dusk. A. ciphalotes, Hai.—Oulton Broad, Pakefield cliff, Southwold. A. debilitata, Morley.—Half-dozen on mud, Covehithe Broad. Pheenocarpapullata, Hai.—Not uncommori: Bramford, Assington. P. punctigera, Hai.—On Monks Soham window on 28 June 1927. P. tabida, Nees. (Male swept at Birnam in Perth in September 1907, by E. A. Elliott.) P. picinervis, Hai.—Tostock (Tuck), Ashfield marsh (Elliott). P. Eugenia, Hai.—September : males on Bracken at Walberswick. P. ruficeps, Nees.—Very common : Branden, Henstead, Foxhall. P. Maria, Hai.—The undescribed males have occurred at Southwold and Haiesworth. P. Galatea, Hai. P. conspurcator, Hai.—Common everywhere, often under exeretum canis, never in fungi. P. pratellae, Curt. (Banchory, N.B., in same ground fungus as Nscrophori and Dipterous larvae—Elliott.) P. flavipes, Hai.—Common, August and S e p t e m b e r : Hulver and in Agarics in Shrubland Park. P. livida, Hai.—Not rare at Brandon in June ; T u d d e n h a m Fen. P. Nina, Hai. P. Eunice, Hai. Anisocyrta perdita, Hai.—First taken in England commonly on Agarics, Shrubland Park. Adelura florimela, Hai.—Probably common : swept at Barton. -4. rufiventris, Nees.—One female was swept at Foxhall in 1907. A. Isabella, Hai.—Males swept at Eriswell in June, on Monks Soham windows in August. A. dietynna, Marsh.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
A. apii, Curt.—Unlocalised, but quite surely parasitic on our abundant Celery Fly. A. Sylvia, Hai.—Doubtless common, none localised. [Surrev, Hants and Lines.] Prosapha speculum, Hai.—Males ubiquitous; the undescribed female at Foxhall, May 1907. P. venusta, Hai.—Female common everywhere : the undescribed male even commoner. Mesocrina pugnatrix, Marsh. M. venatrix, Msh. Orthostigma pumila, Nees.—Bentley Woods, Monks Soham. Aspilota ruficornis, Ns.—Tuddenham, Stanstead, Claydon, Foxhall. A. fulvicornis, Hai. (Gwvdir in Wales, August—Newbery.) A. compressa, Hai.—Stanstead Wood in June. A. concinna, Hai.—On Monks Soham house-windows, August. A. jaculans, Hai. (New Forest.) A. maculipes, Hai.—Both sexes occasionallv at Monks Soham. A. praseipua, Marsh. A. fuscicornis, Hai.—Depden, and at Monks Soham light. A. nervosa, Hai.—Hosts bred from Homalomyia canicularis in frass of Brandon F.. jacobcece. A. insidiatrix, Msh—Ubiquitous : Monks Soham windows, &c. A. ciirta, Marsh.—Southwold window, Monks Soham garden. A. concolor, Nees.—Females occasionally on Southwold windows. DACNUSIDES
CEnone hians, Nees.—Tattingstone, Assington, Barton Mills. CE. ringens, Hai.—Assington Mills, Tuddenham, Bentley Woods. CE. mandibularis, Nees.—Rare : a pair onSpircea iilmaria at Foxhall. I.iposcia discolor, Msh.—One male on Monks Soham window. Epimicta marginalis, Hai. (Wiks, Morley ; Surrey, Capron.) Dacnusapetiolata, Nees.—Rare: swept in shady lane atWherstead. D. egregia, Msh.—A single female beaten birch in Assington. D. lateralis, Hai.—Uncommon: occasionally swept in Tuddenham. D. sensilis, Nees.—Bury (Tuck), Foxhall (Chitty), Tuddenham. D. Nemesis, Morley.—Only known from Tuddenham Fen. D. Ncenia, Morley.—Two co-types on coast flowers at Pakefield. D. diremta, Hai.—Abundant: hedge-bottoms at Brandon. D. Lar, Morley.—Type on Lowestoft sandhills (R. A. Morley). D. cincta, Hai.—Second-known example swept hedge at Nacton. D. tristis, Nees.—Apparently rare : Nacton with the last, &c. D. albipes, Hai.—First found in England at Brandon ; Henham. D. Apollyon, Morley.--One at Pakefield on 19 August 1908. D. aquilegiae, Marsh. (Glos.—Watkins.) D. abdita, Hai.—Common in June : Barton Mills, Monks Soham. D. gilvipes, Hai.—Rarer than the last: Foxhall in May &c. D. ovalis, Msh.—Common in marshes : Brandon «taunch, Cove. D. phaenicura, Hai.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
D. semirugosa, Hai.—Rare in swamps, late May : Tuddenham. D. striatula, Hai.—A single male swept at Brandon staunch, 1908. Rhizarcha talaris, Hai. R. macrospila, Hai.—Both sexes not rare about Southwold. R. ampliator, Nees.—One male found at hase of Corton cliff. R. aphanla, Msh.—The unknown male was first discovered on Monks Soham windows. R. temula, Hai.—Females were discovered at Brandon staunch. R. stramineipes, Hai.—Abundant: Ipswich (Platten), Nacton. R. areolaris, Nees.—Abundant : Brandon, Icklingham, Wherstead, Nacton, Foxhall. A male bred from Drosphila flava, Fln., at Sudbury in April 1921 (Harwood). R. Alecto, Morley.—Bred from Dipteron Napomyza lateralis, Fln. R. Nox, Morley.—Elveden, Icklingham (Chitty), Monks Soham. R. misella, Msh,—Brandon and on Southwold beach. R. gracilis, Nees.—Apparently rare : one female at Icklingham. R. leptogaster, Hai.—Ä female on Monks Soham house-windows. R. clandestina, Hai. R. posticam, Hai. R. adducta, Hai. R. lepida, Marsh. Gyrocampa affinis, Nees. G. foveola, Hai. (7. uliginosa, Hai.—Flying in Monks Soham garden, mid-July. Chorebus nereidum, Hai. C. Hmoniadum, Marsh—Brackish ditch at Southtown, Sept. 1933. C. lymphatus, Hai.—A female amid fen herbage at Brandon staunch on 11 June 1908. C. naiadum, Hai. Chanusa conjungens, Hai.—Doubtless common. [Multituaes on Stratiotes at Horning.] Caelinius viduus, Curt.—By no means uncommon in the County. C. podagricus, Hai. C. niger, Nees.—Males common ; females at Felixstow. C. procerus, Hai. (Occurs at Chippenham, over Cambs border.) C. gracilis, Hai.—Uncommon : swept in marshes at Brandon. C. elegans, Hai.—Masses swept at Mildenhall (Elliott); abundant. Chanon anceps, Curt.—'Tostock (Tuck), Brandon, Blythburgh. Polemon liparce, Gir.—" Bred May 1861 from Beccles, Suffolk," from Lipara lucens (Dale, EMM. 1893, p. 115). Both Barton Mills in west and the Beiton marshes in east. SUBFAMILY
Praon abjectum, Hai.—Bred Siphonophora sonchi, Monks Soham. P. exoletum, Nees. P- dorsale, Hai. P. longicorne, Marsh. P- flavinode, Hai.
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.
P. volucre, Hai.—Brandori, Tuddenham, Southwold, &c. Ephderus validus, Hai.—Tuddenham, lcklingham, Eentley. E. lacertosus, Hai.—Apparently rare : found only in Tuddenham E. plagiator, Nees.—Common : Dunwich, ex Aphid (Blair). Toxares deltiger, Hai.—Several on Monks Soham windows 19 Monoctonus nervosus, Hai. M. paludum, Marsh. M. caricis, Hai. Trioxys auctus, Hai.—On Monks Soham windows in August. T. brevicornis, Hai. T. heraclei, Hai.—A male emerged from Ipswich Aphis hiera T. aceris, Hai.—Swept by the Gipping River at Sproughton. T. betulse, Marsh. T. centaurea, Hai.—Doubtless abundant on Southwold beach. T. angelicce, Hai.—Shrubland Park and Monks Soham windows T. minutus, Hai. T. pallidus, Hai.—Once crawling on Monks Soham windows. T. letifer, Hai.—Occurs sparingly in the same Situation, August. Aphidius ephippium, Hai.—Taken in an alder-carr at Reydo A. longulus, Marsh. A. pictus, Hai. A. infulatus, Hai. A. abietis, Marsh. (Captured at Dublin in 1913.) A. pini, Hai.—Doubtless abundant: localised only in Bentley. A. laricis, Hai.—Brandon, Eriswell, Barton Mills, Felixstow. A. silenes, Marsh. (Bred, Birmingham and Romsey, from Siphonophora pisi.) A. Urtica, Hai.—Bred Siphonophora Urtica, Kalt., Monks Soham A. gregarius, Marsh. A. rosce, Hai.—Bred from Siph.sonchi and rosa Monks So A. loricerae, Marsh. A. avena, Hai.—Abundant: Elveden, Letheringham Park. A. ervi, Hai.—Abundant: Judes bridge, Barton, Monks Soham. A. ulmi, Msh.—Tostock (Tuck), Southwold sand-hils in July, &c. A. pascuorum, Msh.—Doubtless common: localisedonlyatFoxhall. A. pterocomma, Msh.—Common : Mildenhall, Corton, Brandon. A. granarius, Mash.—Bred abundantly from Siphon, son and granaria, Kirby, Monks Soham. A. crithm', Marsh. A. crepidis, Hai. (New Forest in June 1907.) A. pseudoplatani, Msh.—Several swept from oak, Wissett 1921 A. dissolutus, Hai.—Found on Ononis at Southwold in 19 A. sonchi, Msh.—Abundant everywhere : Brandon staunch, &c. A. asteris, Hai.—On Aster tripolium at Southwold and Corton A. ribis, Hai. (Bred, with Cynipid, from Red Current Aphis at Romsey in 1909.) A. cirsii, Hai. (In seaweed near Plymouth in 1901—J. H. Keys.) A. eglanteriae, Hai.
A. hortensis, Marsh. A. chrysanthemi, Msh. (Bred from Aphid in Essex—Beaumont.) A. matricariee, Hai.—Doubtless common, but unlocalised. [Many at Gosfield, Essex.] A. arundinis, Hai. A. cardui, Msh.—Doubtless abundant: feeding on Parsnip-flower. A. salicis, Hai. A. exiguus, Hai. A. scabiosce, Msh.—Very rarely noticed : on sands at Corton, &c. A. leucopterus, Hai. A. brassicce, Hai.—Abundant: Potters bridge, Monks Soham, &c. A. fabarum, Marsh. A. ambiguus, Hai. A. dauci, Marsh. A. polygoni, Marsh. A. absinthii, Msh.—Doubtless very common : at Easton Broad. A. euphorbia, Msh.—Common everywhere, Brandon in May, &c. A. lychnidis, Marsh. A. cerasi, Msh.—Swept in marshes only once : Henstead, July. A. acalephae, Marsh. A. callipteri, Marsh. Dyscritus planiceps, Msh. D. Suffolcensis, Morley.—I have described this new species to Science from Brandon and Lakenheath. Total is 391 Suffolk species of Braconidse, out of 694 in THIS British List
[The British species of this interesting family are sadly in need of reVision. Marshall's 1872 Catalogue enumerates six kinds, ofwhich the two Evanice are no more than introductions from abroad and, in the course of a half-century's collecting, I have seen nothing like either or Fcenus erythrostomus, Dahl. T h e other two Fcenus are ubiquitous and I possess Hyptia minuta„ With the completion of this computation of our Hymenoptera, it may , w e U t o succinctly state that well over E I G H T AND A H I L F T H O U S A N D insects are now specifically recorded from Suffolk. This is a satisfactory increase of nearly a thousand beyond the figures (Trans, i, P . 10) known the tlme of this Society's inception ; and may be shown thus : — 1929 1937 Coleoptera . . 2052 2112 (Trans, iii, 186). Hemiptera . . 602 646 ( „ ii, 170). Orthoptera 26 28 ( „ ü, 170). Neuroptera.. 164 208 ( „ iii, 96 & 200). Lepidoptera 1356 1505 (Memoir 1937). Diptera 1857 1919 (Trans, iii, pt. 3). Hymenoptera 2090 2255 ( „ iii, 248). INSECTS
THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK
Fab. from Reigate (Chitty) and Shere (Capron) in Surrey, from Felden in Herts (Piffard), and Sandown in 1. Wight during August 1907 (E. A. Butler). A fiftb indigenous species, Foenus minutus, Tour., was brought forward in 1879 (Entom. xiii, 89); and recently (I.e. 1928, p. 190) Waterston calmly informs us that no less than six of Kieffer's kinds of Gasteruption (Latr. 1796, nom. nud. =Faenus, Fab. 1798) occur in Britain, but omitting all details of captors or localities. The family has been singularly unfortunate in its monographers : Tournier knew little of Hymenoptera in general, Kieffer is an acknowledged speciesspliter, and Waterston is—dead. lt is necessary, then, to explain vhat thefirstSuffolk kind has the oviposter as long as the whole body, the second less than half the abdominal length : both oviposit in the burrows of Pemphredon lugubris in my garden.] Fcenus jaculator, Linn. (=terrestris, Tourn. = Thomsoni, Schi —'Tostock (Bloomfield), Needham (Platten), Tuddenham, Thorndon and (Entom. 1916, p. 247) Monks Soham. Foenus assectator. Linn. (= rugulosus, Perrin).—Tuddenh Fen, Blvthburgh, Kirton, Ipswich, Bramford, Barham, Bentley Woods, Yaxley Hall, Framlingham and Monks Soham.
Thesefive,with the Aulacid Trigonalys Hahni, Spin. (1840=Anglicana, Shuck. 1841) and Agriotypid Agriotypus armatus, Curt., constitute seve British species, of which Suffolk has only two. The total of Suffolk Hymenoptera, then, on 31 December 1937 thus :— Britain Suffolk 232 364 Tenthredinidse 98 180 Cynipidae Proctotrypidse 308 675 Aculeata 324 426 16 24 Chrysididie 72 1424 Chalcididse Ichneumonida: 812 1549 Braconidae . . 391 694 Evaniidse 2 7 5343 2255 Total
No adequate computation of the British Hymenoptera has been hitherto attempted.