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THE HYMENOPTERA

THE

HYMENOPTERA

OF

SUFFOLK.

B Y CLAUDE MORLEY, F . E . S . , F . G . S . ,

PORTIO

17

OF SUFFOLK.

F.Z.S.

PRIMA.

IT is no exaggeration to aver that this vast Order of Insects constitutes the most influential group of Animals of the whole world. They regulate the population of the Earth by means of their basic control of the Balance of Nature. Hence to them we owe more than most folk would be Willing to allow. The majority of Hymenoptera are parasites : where our agriculturists kill thousands of noxious insects, the Hymenoptera slay their tens of thousands, and without them man's efforts would be futile. Without their restriction upon phytophagous caterpillars, all trees would very soon be defoliated and every pasture bare soil: hence ruminants could not exist and carnivores, from weasels to men, could get no meat. Nor, indeed, could we so much as breathe without the oxygen whereof botanical exstirpation would rob our atmosphere.—Let us, then, accord more study to the Hymenoptera than they have hitherto received : not tili quite recently have governments recognised the importance of breeding these parasites in captivity and liberating them to destroy, in Nature's own way, caterpillars devouring valuable Vegetation. All the following Ichneumonids and Braconids are parasitic, as also are the vast majority of Chalcids, Proctotrypids and some Cynipids; but most Cynipids and a few Chalcids subsist upon the composition of the galls they cause, by irritating sap, on plants; the Tenthredinidac are totally and the Aculeates mainly phytophagous, while the rest of Aculeates and all Chrysids live endemically upon the former.—In the present Order of Insects, Suffolk has been peculiarly fully worked (the venerable William Kirby published in Ipswich during 1802 his book on Bees, which laid firm the basis of their Classification throughout the woild), with the result that we are enabled to here instance well over two thousand different kinds: nor is it any slur that our local Chalcididae fall so far short of the British total, for no County can boast more than we (Notts possesses but 32, the Isle of Wight 35); certainly the family is ubiquitous, but its species are practically unknown.


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THE

HYMENOPTERA

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TENTHREDINIDAE. Phytophagous Sawflies. Subfamily L Y D I N A E . Pamphilus silvarum, öte.—Bury by Wratislaw (in coli. Beaumo On birch at Bentiey Woods in June 1898 and 1927, at Tuddenham Fen in 1915 ; and another on ash in Onehouse Wood, 10 June 1928. P. balteatus, Fall.—One specimen taken at Sud'oury during 1916 (B. Harwood) [also found at Gosfield in Essex], P. inanitus, Vil.—We have seen one captured in marshes at Bramford by Revd. A. H. Harris on 8 Juni 1923. P. silvaticus, Linn.—Our only unrare species : Bury by Wratislaw (in coli. Beaumont); Bentiey Woods in 1894 (Ernest Baylis); Sudbury in 1916 (B. Harwood) ; on bushes in Monks Soham garden. Macrocephus linearis, Sehr.-—Both sexes at Oulton Broad 10 June 1901. M. Satyrus, Panz.—Rare at Brandon staunch in June of 1910 (Elliott) and of 1928. Cephus pallidipes, Klg.—Henstead, Barnby Broad, Tuddenham Fen, Moulton, Brandon : late in June. C. pygmeeus, Linn.—Abundant everywhere : Farnham, Icklingham, Depden, Monks Soham, etc. C. pilosulus, Thms.—Not very common at Stanstead, Bamham, Brandon, Monks Soham, etc. Janas femoratus, Curt.—Rare ; Brandon, June 1903 (A. J. Ch Bentiey Woods, May 1928. Trachelus tabidus, Fab.—Common in marshes; Worlington (Bedwell), Moulton, Boxford, Claydon, etc. Xyela Julii, Bred.—Not rare in sparse years on birch and pine a Bentiey Woods and Tuddenham Fen from early April to early June. Subfamily S I R I C I N A E . Xiphydria camelus, Linn.—One on Dunwich beach, June 192 (Blair). [Mr. Bedwell took a beautiful female in Sherwood Forest on 10 June 1929; cf. also EMM. 1908, p. 137.] X. prolongata, Geof.—Mildenhall (cf. lib. cit. 1899, p. 190); common locally in marshes at Brandeston in June 1922 and August 1923. Sirex gigas, Linn.—Near Bury (Wratislaw, Inst. Suff, iv, 1870, p. 222). Eye (Tyrer in Ent. Wkly. Intell. 1859, p. 124 and 1860, p. 11 ; Rowling); Aying in Lowestoft (Elliott) and elsewhere in 1898. Bentiey Woods 1897 (Platten); Gorleston 1932 (Ellis); Broadwater, Framlingham, 1930 (Vinter). Sporadic. [Both sexes occurred at Horning Ferry, Norfolk, June 1901.]


THE HYMENOPTERA

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19

S.

noctilio, Fab.—Found alive in Framlingham, Oct. 1918 (Vinter); in Bury on 15 Sept. 1920 (Tuck) ; two females at Monks Soham school on 15 Sept. 1925 : sole ones found there in thirty years (Miss Watson); Corton (Blair). S.juvencus, Fab.—Suffolk, before 1829 (Curtis, pl. ccliii). Near Bury (Inst. Suff, iv, 1870, p. 222). Battisford (one in coli. Baker); Glemham Magna (Bloomfield). All my Sir ex, named noctilio, are determined by Mr. Benson to be cyaneus ; and extra-Suffolk ones that I had as juvencus, as noctilio (Harwood, in lit. 13 Feb. 1931).

Subfamily

CIMBICINAE.

Cimbex femorata, Linn.—Larvas of C. sylvarum common in Sept. on birches in Lound Wood (Paget). One bred in 1900 from a dug cocoon, near Bury (Sparke). C. connata, Sehr.—Bred from larva taken in Freston Wood (EMM. 1905, p. 214). C. lutea, Linn.—One labelled ' Bury S. E d m u n d s ' (Wratislaw, in coli. Beaumont). Flying at Brandon staunch on 25 May 1923. Trichiosoma lucorum, L. = tibialis, Leach.—Abundant on whitethorn: Monks Soham, Thorndon, Debenham, Ipswich, Bentley; Battisford (Baker), Bury (Wratislaw), Sudbury (Ransom). T. Latreillei, Leach.—Bury (Wratislaw, in coli. Chitty); rare on birch in Bentley Woods. Abia sericea, Linn.—Tostock and Southwold in August 1900 (Tuck); uncommon at Henstead, Barnby Broad, Tuddenham and Mildenhall. A. fasciata, Linn.—Corton cliff, rare (Paget); Covehithe cliff in 1924, and Bentley. Arge carulescens, Geof—Lowestoft in 1900 (Tuck); rare at Barnby and Tuddenham. A. ustulata, Linn.—Not rare at Bentley Woods, Tuddenham, Barton Mills, Monks Soham, etc. A. atrata, Fst.—One near Bury (Wratislaw, in coli. Chitty) ; one in Bentley Woods, 1923. A.fuscipes, Fall.—Singly at Tuddenham Fen (Elliott), Assington and Bentley Woods. A. rosa, DeG.—Many larvas on garden rose at Tuddenham Hall, bred in 1906. A. cyanocrocea, Fst.—Tostock (Tuck); Dunwich (Blair); not rare at Monks Soham, Middleton, Westleton, Butley, Easton cliff and Bentley Woods. A. melanochroa, Gmel. Singly at Risby, Freckenham and Brandon [also Wicken in Cambs].


THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK. 20 Lophyrus pini, Linn.—Blythburgh Wood in 1912. One specie of this genus was defoliating Pines at Easton about 1850 (Bloomfield, in lit.). L. sertifer, Geof.—Defoliating Pines in Tangham Forest (Trans supra i, p. 177); Monks Soham.

Subfamily NEMATINAE. Cladius pectinicornis, Fourc.—Near Yarmouth (Paget) ; To and Bungay (Tuck); Oulton Broad (Bedwell); by no means uncommon. Trichiocampus viminalis, Fall.—Bentley Woods and bre Tattingstone. T. ulmi, Linn.—Leiston, Tuddenham, Barnby and Monks Soham T. eradicatus, Htg.—Brandon in 1910 (Elliott); Monks Soham uncommon. Priophorus padi, Linn.—Abundant everywhere. P. tristis, Zadd.—Letheringham Park, August 1918 (Elliott); Bramford, Bentley Woods. Hemichroa alni, Linn.—Distinctly uncommon ; Bentley Woo in May, Lackford bridge in August. H. crocea, Geof.—Uncommon ; Tuddenham Fen in June (Ellio Mildenhall, Brandon, Reydon and Freston. Leptocerus duplex, Lep.—Very rare : one in Bentley Woods 29 May 1902. Dineura nigricans, Chr.—Singly only, at Brandon staunch, Bentley Woods and Assington Thicks. D. stilata, Klg.—Not very common at Dunwich (Blair), Brandon Tuddenham Fen and Monks Soham. D. testaceipes, Klg.—A female on Crab-appleflowersin Be Woods on 20 May 1924. Micronematus monogynice, Htg.—A Single one in Bentl on 11 May 1899. Cryptocampus ater, Jur.—Both sexes sparingly swept at B staunch, May 1911. C. saliceti, Fall.—Common about Salices at Barton Mills, B and Needham. Craesus latipes, Vill.—C. laticrus has, it would appear, b at Bungay (Steph. Illus. Mand. vii, 39); near Bungay ' many years' before 1824 (Curtis, pl. xvii). C. septentrionalis, L.—In the collection of the Rev. W. K F.R.S., of Barham (Proc. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1840, p. 5). In 1832, larvae stripped many wilows at Gorleston (Paget). Found in north Suffolk (Norgate); rare about both Brandon and Lowestoft. Holcocneme lucida, Panz.—Common at Monks Soham, Tudd Fen, Staverton Thicks, etc.


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H. Erichsoni, Htg.—This pest has occurred at Tuddenham and elsewhere in Suffolk. H. crassa, Fall.—Rare in marshes at Judes Bridge, Tuddenham Fen and Bentley Woods. H. cceruleocarpus, Htg.—One female taken in Suffolk, doubtless at Tostock, during 1901 by Mr. Tuck (Bloomfield). Ponlania bipartita, Lep.—Brandon, Monks Soham, Walberswick and Dunwich, singly. P. leucosticta, Htg.—Otten in the utmost profusion on Willows in April; Reydon, etc. P. virninatis, Htg.—Very common on Osiers: Bromeswell, Lowestoft, Tattingstone, etc. P. proxima, Lep.—Common everywhere : Darsham, etc. P. salicis, Chr.—Abundant everywhere, on Willows. P. bella, Lad.—Gorleston (Tr. Suff. Nat. Soc. ii, 163). Nematus abdominalis, Panz.—Of rare occurrence; apparently only at Dunwich (Blair) and in Broads. N. acuminatus, Thoms.—Rarely taken in Bentley Woods. N. luteus, Fab.—Bentley Woods in May 1924 ; several at Brandon staunch, June 1903. Pteronus salicis, Linn.—Doubtless abundant: Reydon and bred at Monks Soham. P. ribesi, Scop.—Ipswich and Brandon in town-gardens, never commonly; Kenton. P. leucotrochus, Htg.—Not seen since a female was taken at Ipswich in 1893. P. pavidus, Lep.—A pair beaten from birch in Bentley Woods, in the spring of 1895. P. myosotidis, Fab.—Copdock (Hocking); Bungay (Tuck); Brandon in 1903 (Chitty); Sudbury in 1916 (Harwood); common at Ipswich, Lavenham, Lowestoft, Monks Soham and Tuddenham. P. hortensis, Htg.—A female beaten from bushes in Bentley Woods on 13 June 1896. P. virescens, Htg.—Not rare at Oulton Broad, Blakenham, Bentley, Barton Mills, etc. P. melanaspis, Htg.—Henstead and Bentley Woods, apparently uncommon. P. curtispinis, Thoms.—Usually on birch at Tuddenham, Bentley and Southwold. P. oligospilus, Fst.—Probably common : Tuddenham Fen in 1903 (Chitty), Brandon, Ipswich, Southwold, Monks Soham. P. hypoxanthus, Fst.—Certainly rare : one female swept at Brandon staunch, 8 Aug. 1913. P. polyspilus, Fst.—Found only at Brandon on 24 August 1905. P. brevivalvis, Thoms.—In marshes only: Foxhall, Brandon, Tuddenham, Blybro, Wangford. P. Bergmanni, Dhlb.—One captured near Ipswich in 1894.


22

THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.

P. miliaris, Panz.—Apparently very rare: Oulton Broad in September (Bedwell), and one or two near Ipswich in 1894. Amauronematus histrio, Lep.—Timworth, 21 May 1909 on Monks Soham house-window, 15 May 1917. A.fallax, Lep.—Taken only singly in Tuddenham Fen and abou Ipswich. A. viduatus, Zett.—In fens only : Bungay (Tuck); Brandon and Tuddennham in July 1903 [also at Wicken in Cambs. and Horning in Norfolk], A. vittatus, Lep.—Apparently confined with us to Tuddenham Fen, in May and June. Pachynematus turgidus, Zadd.—Herringswell Fen, Barnby Henstead and Bentley. P.flaviventris,Htg.—Brandon; on reeds at Covehithe, and abundant on them at Southwold. P. trisignatus, Fst.—Common everywhere : Faston and Coveh Broads, Monks Soham, etc. P. clitellatus, Lep.—Generally distributed, hardly rarer than the . last. • P. xanthocarpus, Htg.—Rare on rose in Monks Soham gard and in Bentley Woods. P. apicalis, Htg.—A doubtful male in Bentley Woods on 29 M 1902. P. alhipennis, Htg.—Rare about Ipswich in early July [and Me Norfolk, in August]. P. vagus, Fab —Common everywhere from April to August: Monks-park Wood, etc. P. obduetus, Htg.—Found only in Tuddenham Fen, though no a marsh insect. P. rumicis, Fall.—By no means common: Dunwich (Blair), Reydon and Monks Soham. P. scutellatus, Htg.—Rare in Tuddenham Fen on 5 June 19 only (Elliott). Pristiphora fulvipes, Fall.—Common at Bramford, Monks So Tuddenham, Judes Bridge. P. crassicornis, Htg.—Abundant in marshes everywhere from June to August. P. ruficornis, Oliv.—A male swept from reeds at Bramford on 3 May 1901. P. pallidipes, Lep.—On bushes in Reydon alder-carr on 4 Ju 1905. P. pallidiventris, Fall.—Common in marshes at Brandon, Tuddenham [& Horning, Norfolk]. P. subbifida, Thoms.—A female at Aldeburgh during Septembe 1901 (Tuck). P. Wastoni, Morice.—One male in Tuddenham Fen on 19 Ju P. conjugata, Dhlb.—Swept at Brandon during June 1903 (Chi


THE HYMENOPTERA

OF SUFFOI.K.

23

Lygceonematus Saxeseni, Htg.—Apparently very rare ; one male named by Rev. F. D. Morice. L. compressicornis, Fab.—Beaten from alder at Barnby Broad in August 1898. L. laricis, Htg.—One female captured at Ipswich on 19 May 1903 (Beaumont). Subfamily

HOPLOCAMPLNVE.

Phyllotoma nemorata, Fall.—A marsh species, only in Tuddenham Fen [ and Horning, Norfolk], P. microcephala, Klg.—Occurs with the last [in both localities] and at Henstead. P. vagans, Fall.—Taken only at Brandon staunch on 24 August. Eriocampoides cethiops, Fab.—Common on Rosa canina everywhere. E. limacina, Retz.—Apparently extremely rare with us : Bentley Woods only. E. variipes, Klg.—Not very common at Walberswick and Ipswich. E. annulipes, Klg.—Rarely met with at Brandon [and Horning, Norfolk] in June 1901. E. testaceipes, Cam.—One at Tostock on 30 May 1901 by Mr. Tuck (Bloomfield). Hoplocampa pectoralis, Thoms.—Common on whitethorn blossom : Bungay (Tuck), Tuddenham, Monks Soham. H. cratagi, Klg.—Abundant on whitethorn everywhere in May. H. ferruginea, Panz.—Mildenhall, Wordwell and often on sallowblossom after dark about Ipswich in April. II. rutilicornis, Klg.—A single female in Dodnash Wood on 27 April 1897. Subfamily

BLENNOCAMPIN/E.

Mesoneura opaca, Fab.—Rarely taken in Bentley Woods towards the end of May. Phymatocerus aterrimus, Klg.—Locally common in marshes during May : Bramford damp wood, Judes Bridge [and Horning, Norfolk], Pareophora nigripes, Klg.—Males taken singly at Lavenham and Foxhall in late May. Periclista melanocephala, Fab.—Local in woods at Bentley and Assington in May. Tomostethus fuliginosus, Sehr—Abundant in marshes: Brandon (Chittv), Monks Soham, Nayland, Moulton, etc. T. dubius, Gmel.—Commoner than last: at Lowestoft, Onehouse, Middleton, Foxhall, etc. T. luteiventris, Klg.—No rarer: Monks Soham, Onehouse, Brandon, Lakenheath.


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Blennocampa assimilis, Fall.—Uncommon: Dunwich (Blair), Monks Soham, Sproughton, Eriswell. B. pusilla, Klg.—Common on dog-rose: Tostock and Bungay in June 1901 (Tuck), Monks Soham, Assington and Tuddenham Fen. B. alternipes, Klg.—Scarce on Gipping-banks at Ipswich and Bramford. B. tenuicornis, Klg.— Common locally at Brandon staunch (Chitty), Lakenheath and Foxhall, May. B. subcana, Zadd.—Single females swept in Tuddenham Fen on 3 June 1903 (Chitty) and 6 June 1910 (Elliott). Scolioneura nana, Klg.—With the last (Elliott), there in 1908 and Bentley Woods in May 1902. S. betuleti, Klg.— Found only in May and June at Tuddenham Fen and Bentley Woods. 6'. vicina, Knw.—One in Dodnash Wood on 16 September 1903 (cf. Entom. 1908, p. 192). Monophadnus albipes, Gmel.—Common: at Monks Soham, Tuddenham Fen, Foxhall, etc. M. geniculatus, Htg.—Locally common at Barton Mills, Brandon staunch, Ipswich, etc. M. ruficruris, Brul.—Distinctly uncommon in early J u n e : Onehouse Wood and Monks Soham. Kaliosyspkinga ulmi, Sund.—Abundant on elm-leaves in May at Foxhall, Monks Soham. K. Dohrni, Tisch.—Singly at Frostenden, Bentley and Tuddenham in May to July. K. melanopoda, Cam.—Tostock (Tuck), Oulton (Bedwell), Barnby Broad on 20 August 1898 (cf. EMM. 1899, p. 209). Phcenusa pygmaa, Klg.—Brandon (Chitty), Blakenham (cf. I.e. 1897, 'p. 265); many on bireb at Barton Mills June 1928. P. nigricans, Klg.—A female swept in boggy spot among osiers at the Mills in 1899. Fenella nigrita, Westw.—Possibly common : seen only in Belstead village, May 1902. Subfamily

SELANDRIIN/E.

Harpiphorus lepidus, Klg.—Rare in Bentley Woods (life history, Entom. 1910, p. 281). Athalia spinarum, Fab.—Damaged crops at Hulver in 1838 (Curt. Farm Ins.) and at Covehithe (I.e., p. 59). Common at Rendham about 1850 (Bloomfield) and abundant at Lowestoft (Fred. Smith); in such numbers on SufTolk coast in July as to render Turnip-crops leafless in August (Ent. Annual 1860, p. 91). Southwold in 1899 (Tuck) and Aldeburgh in 1901 (Tr. Norf. Nat. Soc. 1902, p. 331); Tuddenham, Lackford, Claydon, etc.


THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.

25 A. lugens, Klg.—Common : Southwold (Tuck), Brandon (Chitty). For Revision of this genus, cf. EMM. 1931, p. 109. A. glabricollis, Thoms.—Uncommcn at Wherstead, Brandon, Tuddenham, Kenton. A. annulata, Fab.—A single female in marshes at Brandon on 21 May 1911. A. lineolata, Lep.—The commonest Sawfly of Britain, Aying over herbage ubiquitously. Seiandriaflavens,Klg.—Common only in the virgin fenland at Judes' Bridge in Mildenhall. S. serva, Fab.—Common : Oulton Broad (Bedwell), Tostock (Tuck), Tuddenham (Elliott), etc. 5. stramineipes, Klg.—Abundant in marshes : Ipswich (Edmonds), Brandon (Chitty), Parham. S. morio, Fab.—Not rare : Oulton and Barnby (Bedwell), Tostock (Tuck), Brandon, Reydon, etc. S. cinereipes, Klg.—Brandon in 1903 (Chitty), frequent at Parham, Southwold, N. Cove, etc. Strongylogaster cingulatus, Fab.—Abundant on bracken everywhere ; Tostock and Bungay (Tuck), etc. Strombocerus delicatulus, Fall.—Very local in woods : Assington Thicks, Bentley, Staverton Thicks, Parham Wood, Blythford. Eriocampa ovata, Linn.—Both larvse and imagines plentiful near Lowestoft (Ent. Annual 1864, p. 112 ; 1869, p. 67); Tostock 1900 (Tuck) and Dunwich 1926 (Blair). Now rare : Farnham in 1899 and Onehouse Wood in 1928. Poecilostoma abdominalis, Fab.—Rare on elm : Southwold in 1900 and Brandon in 1909. P. pulverata, Retz.—A single female at Foxhall on 27 June 1903. P. excisa, Thoms.—Taken in the Reydon and Henstead marshes near Southwold in June. P. Klugi, Steph.—Always abundant only in the marshes at Brandon staunch in May. P. liturata, Gmel.—Noted solely in the west fens at Judes Bridge and Brandon [also at Wicken in Cambs. and Wroxham in Norfolk], P. immersa, Klg.—Copdock in 1900 (Hocking); Bentley Woods and Barton Mills. P. longicornis, Thoms.—A male swept in Henstead marsh on 2 June 1905. P. tridens, Knw.—Barnby Broad on 5 July 1906. Emphytus togatus, Panz.—Bentley Woods in 1898 ; occasionally in Monks Soham garden. E. cingulatus, Lep.—Very rare : taken at Timworth on 17 June 1906 (Nurse). E. cinctus, Linn.—May and August; Butley Priory (Vinter), occasionally on rose in Monks Soham garden.


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THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.

E. ruficinctus, Retz.—Occasionally on rose-bushes and housewindows at Monks Soham. E. calceatus, Klg.—Common only in marshes; Oulton Broad in 1898 (Bedwell), Barnby Broad, Bramford, Claydon, Thorndon, Blakenham, Brandon and Judes Bridge. E. braccatus, Gmel.—A single male beaten birch in Blythbro Wood on 24 Sept. 1935. E. serotinus, Müll.—A rare autumnal species : Bungay Common 14 Sept. 1898 (Tuck), Bramford marshes, 13 Oct. 1899 [and Aying in Halvergate village, Norfolk, 27 ix 1913]. E. teuer, Fall.—Common : Brandon (Chitty), Southwold (Tuck), Lowestoft, Ipswich, Ashfield, etc. E. carpini, Htg.—Probably rare : taken singly in Monks Soham garden in 1909 and 1913. E. grossularice, Htg.—Taken only in woods at Finborough during August 1900 (Tuck), Bentley and Assington. Taxonus equiseti, Fall.—Frequent in marshes: Barton Mills, Tuddenham, Oulton and Barnby Broads, Parham Wood. T. glabratus, Fall.—Abundant in marshes: Brandon (Chitty), Southwold (Tuck), etc. Subfamily

DOLERINJE.

Loderus palmatus, Klg.—Both sexes at Tostock in June 1899 (Tuck); Bramford marshes. L. vestigialis, Klg.—Brandon and Tuddenham, 1903 (Chitty), Tostock (Tuck), Dunwich (Blair): local at Barton Mills, Bentley, Foxhall. Dolerus triplicatus, Klg.—Common in May, only in Bentley Woods [Colchester in 1907 (Chitty)]. D. madidus, Klg.—Tostock (Tuck), Ipswich, Sproughton and Easton cliff. D. pratensis, Linn.—Oulton (Bedwell), Tostock (Tuck), Southwold (Elliott): common. D. cericeps, Thoms.—Frequent at Easton Broad, etc., about Southwold. D. palustris, Klg.—Very common ; Tostock (Tuck), Ipswich, Dunwich, Lowestoft, Brandon, etc. D. gonager, Fab.—Ipswich (Platten), Tostock (Tuck), etc.; the commonest of its genus. D. liogaster, Thoms.—A single male at East Bridge in Theberton on 10 July 1900. D. hcematodes, Sehr.—Local: Tostock in June 1900 (Tuck), Ipswich, Foxhall, Monks Soham, Blythford. D. sanguinicollis, Klg.—Lavenham, Clare-Stoke, Brandon and Aying among pine at Tuddenham. D. niger, Linn.—Local, but not rare in Barton Mills and Tuddenham marshes.


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D. nitens, Zadd.—Not found since one female occurred near Ipswich in 1893. D. anthracinus, Klg.—Frequent in marshv places about Ipswich. D. piceipes, Klg.—Abundant throughout the County, from Mildenhall to Blankenhain and Reydon. D. tinctipennis, Cam.—A female of this rare species was swept on Southwold beach on 26 April 1909. D. fumosus, Zadd.—One doubtful male was captured during 1893 in the Ipswich district. D. nigratus, Müll.—Brandeston, Monks Soham, etc. : common everywhere. D. ceneus, Htg.—Common throughout the County: Tuddenham Fen (Chitty), Tostock (Tuck), etc. D. rugosulus, DT.—A Single female was swept in Blakenham on 11 April 1898 (Entom. 1910, p. 285). Subfamily

TF.NTHREDININVE.

Sciopteryx costalis, Fab.—Yarmouth, rather rare (Paget's Seiandria costalis). One female, labelled ' Bury St. Edmunds,' taken by Wratislaw fin coli. Chitty). None later. Rhogogaster pictus, Klg.—Brandon in June (Chitty) and May (Morley); Dunwich (Blair). R. punctulatus, Klg.—Not rare in woods at Wordwell, Assington, etc., in late May. R. viridis, Linn.—Tostock (Tuck), Lavenham, Southwold : common all over the County. R.fulvipes, Scop.—Tostock (Tuck), Brandon, Lavenham, Monks Soham : not uncommon. R. aueuparice, Klg.—Brandon (Chitty), Barham on sallow-flower, Thornham Parva in March. Pachyprotasis antennata, Klg.—Curiouslv rare : only at Dunwich (Blair) and a single female in Onehouse Wood on 23 June 1928 [Edwards took one at ' Norwich, 22 v. 92 ' (Chitty)]. P. rapce, Linn.—Abundant everywhere throughout the County. Macrophya rufipes, Linn.—One specimen taken at Copdock in 1900 by Hocking (Bloomfield). M. punctalbum, Linn.—Tostock, one in Sept. 1892 by Tuck, named by Bridgman (Bloomfield). M. duodecimpunctata, L.—Fairly common in marshes during June : Brandon (Chitty), etc. M. rustica, Linn.—Extremely local: Yarmouth (Paget); Bungay 15 July 1899 (Tuck); two or three at Woolpit during July 1904 (Rasor). Unknown elsewhere in Suffolk. M. blanda, Fab.—Copidock (Hocking); Bentley Woods, one (Morley). Otherwise confined to north-west marshes at Tuddenham, Barton Mills, Brandon [Burwell, Cambs; Horning, Norfolk],


THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOI.K. 28 M. annulata, Geof.—Widely distributed : Moulton (Elliott), Needham (Platten), Timworth (Nurse), Barham, Parham, Bentley, Barton Mills, etc. M. albicincta, Sehr.—Rare and extremely local, at Brandon in May 1903 (Chitty) and June 1924. M. ribis, Sehr.—Singly in May and July at Belstead, Monks Soham, Frostenden [and Horning, Norfolk]. Allantus scrophularice, L.—Much less common than in England; Sudbury (Ransom), Tostock (Tuck), Staverton (Vinter), Brandon (Elliott), and along the River Gipping. A. omissus, Fst.—Captured at Tostock in 1900 by Mr. W. H. Tuck (Bloomfield). A. arcuatus, Fst.—Abundant everywhere; about Yarmouth (Paget), Oulton (Bedwell), Tostock (Tuck), on umbellifeious flowers from Worlington to Southwold. A. zona, Klg.—A single male Aying in Bentley Woods on 13 M 1925. A. distinguendus, St.—Apparently extremely rare: one nea Ipswich in both 1894 and 1924. A. amaenus, Grav.—One female at ' Bury St. Edmunds' by Wratislaw (in coli. Chitty). Swept singly in the Bramford marshes in August 1894 and 1897 only. Tenthredo maculata, Geof.—One female beaten from poplar Bentley Woods, June 1895. T. temula, Scop.—Yarmouth (Paget's cinctus), Bentley (Baylis Ipswich (Platten), Tostock (Tuck); common in spring, especialy onflowersof Viburnum opulus, L. T. mesomela, Linn.—No rarer than the last; Tuddenham (Ch Ickworth Park, etc. T. atra, Linn.—Distinctly local at Bentley Woods and Foxhall [and Horning, Norfolk]. T. livida, Linn.—Abundant everywhere; Yarmouth (Paget), Copdock (Hocking), Dunwich (Blair). T. fagi, Panz.—Common about Yarmouth (Paget's Allantus solitarius). A single fine female in Bentley Woods on 15 June 1895 : not seen since. T. velox, Fab.—Taken at Knights Dales in Ipswich on 16 Augu 1904 : apparently rare. T. ferruginea, Sehr.—Mr. Ernest Baylis, now of Philadelphia, took one at Bentley in 1894. T. balteata, Klg.—Local in marshes at Foxhall, Bentley Woods and Staverton. Tenthredopsis litterata, Geof.—Abundant everywhere : Bran (Chitty). Var. varia, Gmel., occurs about Ipswich (Platten) and elsewhere. Var. cordata, Geof., at Sudbury (Harwood Cavendish, Bentley, Homersfield, etc. Var. thoracica, Geof., at Bentley (Baylis) and Bramford. T. excisa, Thoms.—Abundant in May ; Tuddenham and Milde hall (Elliott), Tostock (Tuck).


THE HYMENOPTERA

T. T. T. T. T.

OF SUFFOLK.

29

nassata, Linn.— 1 Tostock (Tuck); Sudbury (Harwood); common at Ipswich, Dunwich, Henstead, etc. inornata, Cam.—No rarer than the last at Monks Soham, Felixstow, etc. Thornleii, Know.—Several males in Monks Soham paddock June, 1908 [and Homing, Norfolk], Coqueberti, Klg.—Brandon (Elliott), Tostock and Bungay (Tuck, T r . Norf. Soc. vii, 527); frequent on bushes in June. palmata, Geof.—Hardly rarer than the last; Bungay (Tuck) Brandon (Chitty), etc.

Total is 232 Suffolk species of Tenthredinida;, out of 364 in Britain (sec. M o n c e s ' Help-notes ' in E M M . 1915).

CYNIPID^:. Gall-flies and Dipterous-parasites. Subfamily

IBALIIN^E.

lhalia cultellator, Latr.—" T h e genus was never known to inhabit Bntam until the male was captured Aying in a garden at Bungay in Suffolk by Mr. W. H. C. E d w a r d s " (Curtis Bnt. Ent. pl. xxn). One Aying in Cläre, 1929-30 (Trans Suff. Nat. Soc. i, 227). S u b f a m i l y CYNIPINTE.

Rhodites rosce, Linn.—Common everywhere in its Bedeguar galls on Rosa canina, L . R. nervosus, Curt.—Rarely noticed : in June, Framlingham Castle moat in 1900 and Tuddenham in 1909 R. spinosissima, Gir.—Foxhall in May 1907 ; and galls abundant on the ' Dunwich Rose ' (Rosa spinosissima, L.) at T h o r p by-Aldeburgh on 10 July 1914. R. eglanteria, Htg.—Overlooked, but doubtless common enough • Bentley Woods in June, and Monks Soham in August Neuroterus lenticularis, Oliv. T h e spangle- and button- galls, N. fumtpennts, Htg. / 0 f all these five small species, are iV. numismatis, Oliv. > found throughout the entire N. Aprihnus Gir. V county in the utmost profusion IS. laviusculus, Sch. ) on oak-leaves. rngonaspis megaptera, Panz.—Bentley Woods, etc. : sappv ealls 6 on oak-trunks. Biorrhiza aptera, Fab.—Ipswich, Bentley Woods, etc., commonlv Uiastrophus rubi, Bche.—Strumous galls abundant in stems of Kubus castus at Debenham, Monks Soham, Cavenham, etc [In profusion at Caister in Norfolk, May 1931] Andncus fecundator, Htg.—Dunwich (Blair), Ipswich, etc • ubiquitous.


30

THE

HYMENOPTERA

OF

SUFFOLK.

A. quadrilineatus, Htg.—Ipswich in March 1895. A. corticis, Htg.—Bentley Woods on 16 March, etc. A. solitarias, Fonsc.—Walberswick Wood in September; doubtless common. A. ostreus, Gir.—Ubiquitous. A. glandium, Gir.—Thorington Park in April 1909. A. cirratus, Aid.—Apparently rare: Tuddenham, 22 May 1911. A. Sieboldi, Htg—Bentley Woods, 16 March 1895. A. radicis, Fab.—Common everywhere by sweeping. Cymps Kollari, Htg.—Its galls are the " Oak Apples," abundant on twigs everywhere. Dryophanta folii, Linn. , T h e ' cherry ' and ' red p e a ' galls of D. longiventris, Htg. I these species, indistinguishable in the D. divisa, Htg. ( imago S t a t e , are all common on oaks ' around Ipswich, etc., in September. Periclistus Brandti, Ratz.—An abundant inquiline in Rhodites rosce galls : Monks Soham. P. cunina, Htg— Bred from Rhodites rosce galls at Stradbroke, gathered Sept. 1905. Aulax glechomce, Htg.—Galls common on Nepeta glechoma, Ben., in central Suffolk. A. hypochreridis, Kief.—Dunwich in September 1928 (Blair). A. papaveris, Perr.—Doubtful galls on Papaver dubium in Monks Soham garden. Beiton (Ellis). A. hieracii, Bche.—Bred at Gorleston in 1930 (Wiltshire). Xestophanes potentillce, Vill.—Frequent on Potentilla at Gorleston (Tr. Suff. Nat. Soc. ii, 163). Synergus melanopus, Htg.—Common : swept in Thorington Park during April. S. vulgaris, Htg.—Abundant about Ipswich in May, there bred from Cynips Kollari galls. S. radiatus, Mayr.—Eriswell, Brandon, Bentley, east Wangford, etc. ; probably not very common. S Reinhardi, Mayr.—Bred from Cynips Kollari galls at Ipswich in 1899 and 1900. S. incrassatus, Htg.—Bred with the last from the same kind of gall in 1899; Boxford, Whelnetham, Bentley and (Tuck) Tostock in 1900. S. apicalis, Htg.—Staverton in September 1916. S. Tscheki, Mayr.—Abundant on Artemisia vulgaris at east Wangford ; Henham, Henstead. S. pallidicornis, Mayr.—Depden and Letheringham Park in August. S. nervosus, Htg.—Lakenheath, Reydon and east Wangford in May and September. S. Hayneanus, Htg.—A male swept at Foxhall on 27 June 1895 (New to Britain : Entom. 1931, p. 250).


THE

HYMENOPTERA

Subfamily

OF

SUFFOLK.

31

ALLOTRIIN/E.

Phanoglyphis xanthochroa, Fst.—One male swept at Brandon staunch on 7 June 1903. Allotria victrix, Westw.—Brandon, Monks Soham, St. Olaves in Herringfleet: common. A. Tscheki, Gir.—Occurs with the last, and appears doubtfully distinct therefrom. A. minuta, Htg.—On Lime leaves and house-windows at Monks Soham. A. circumscripta, Htg.—On Monks Soham house-window on 13 August 1925. A.flamcornis, Htg.—Beaten from hazel at Thorndon on 27 June, A. pedestris, Curt. (victrix, brachypterous form ?).—Southwold Brandon, Barton Mills. Alloxysto macrophadna, Htg.—Brandon staunch on 8 August A. A. A. A. A.

filicornis, Cam.—Southwold and Brandon in May and September. basimacula, Cam. | Swept in lanes at east Wangford on maculicolhs, Cam. I 4 September 1911. Ullrichi, Gir.—Tuddenham Fen in 1916, and in a Revdon sand-pit in Sept. 1928. piceimaculata, Cam.—Brandon staunch, and bred at Monks Soham from Praon volucre. Subfamily

FIGITIN/E.

Anacharis tincta, Walk.—Tuddenham Fen and Monks Soham m June and August. A. eucharoides, Dalm.—Beaten at Brandon and Mildenhall from oak and birch. A ensifera, Walk.—Swept at Brandon staunch in June A. tmmunis, Walk.—Monks Soham in June, and Brandon heath on 7 August 1913. Hyalaspis Scotica, Cam.—Swept in Tuddenham Fen on 5 Tune 1916. H subulifera, Thoms.—In Tuddenham Fen with the last species Mgilips ruficornis, Cam.—Ipswich in May 1899 (Platten)Southwold 20 Sept. 1913. bicolorata, Cam.—A male on lime-leaf in Monks Soham garden, 10 July 1910. striolata, Cam.—Tuddenham Fen in early Jane ™fiPes< Westw.—Tostock in 1900 (Tuck) ; Thorndon and on Monks Soham house-windows. Agiles scutellaris, Ros.—Common, at Oulton, Mariesford Henham, Benacre, Monks Soham.


32

THE HYMENOPTERA

OF

SUFFOLK.

F. nitens, Cam.—Once swept at Reydon near Southwold, on 17 September 1912. Anolytus rufipes, Fst.—A funale on Lime-leaf in Monks Soham garden, 21 June 1919. Amblynotus opacus, Htg.—Swept at Brandon, Barton Mills and in Tuddenham Fen. A. longitarsis, Reinh.—Many beaten from pine at Barton Mills, 5 June 1916 (Elliott). Sarothrus areolatus, Htg.—Bred from Phorbia lactucce, Bche, at Sudbury in June (Harwood ; cf. E M M . 1919, p. 280) ; abundant on umbels at Monks Soham. S. tibialis, Zett.—Common at Henstead, Henham, Wangford, Monks Soham. Thorp by Ashfield. Melanips urticeti, Dahlb.—Rare at Bentley Woods and Monks Soham in October-November. Subfamily

EUCCELINJE.

Eucaela crassinerva, Westw.—Tuddenham Fen in August, and Monks Soham in July 1928. E. Boieni, Htg.—Claydon "bridge on Angelica in September and Thorndon on 13 October. E. rufula, F s t — M a l e s swept in Sept. at Bentley Woods in 1897 and Tuddenham Fen in 1915. E. longicornis, Htg.—Not rare in marshes at Brandon, Mildenhall, Monks Soham, Blythburgh. E. Marshalli, Cam.- -Rarely swept from reeds at Ipswich and Wangford in March and Sept. E mandibularis, Zett.—Several females in bee-skep at Bury, 20 September 1902 (Tuck). E. glottiana, Cam.—Uncommon at Barnby, Brandon and Tuddenham marshes in autumn. E. atriceps, Bückt—Common at Brandon, Brandeston, Monks Soham, Wangford, in autumn. E. cubitalis, Htg.—Wenhaston marshes and on Angelica flowers at Monks Soham, August. E. fortinervis, Cam.—The female is first described (Entom. 1932, p. 112) from Oulton Broad. E ciliaris, Zett.—Common at Brandon, Eriswell, Henstead, Reydon, Southwold, Tuddenham and sometimes abundant on carrot flowers at Monks Soham. E. Scotica, Cam.—Uncommon in marshes at Ipswich, Southwold and Barton Mills. E. heptoma, Htg.—Sutton Heath, Henham and on Monks Soham house-windows in July. E rapce, Westw.—A male at Burgh Castle on 9 August 1898. E. crassicornis, Cam.—Several males on Heracleum flowers in Tuddenham Fen, Sept. 1915.


THE HYMENOPTERA

OF

SUFFOLK.

33

E.

nigricornis, Cam.—Common at Boxford, Framlingham, Mildenhall, Tuddenham, Wisset, etc. E. diaphana, Htg.—Bury on carrot flower, Sept. 1902 (Tuck) ; Claydon bridge on Angelica. E. testaceipes, Cam.—Not rare at Ousden, Minsmere, Foxhall, Brandon, Reydon, Tuddenham. Rhynchacis nigra, Htg.—Females swept at Ipswich ; male first described (Entom. 1932, p. 130). R. nigripes, Cam.—Several in flowers of Smyrnium olustarum at Dunwich on 27 April 1909. Clidotoma Marshalli, Cam.—Found on sand at base of Corton cliff during August. C. striaticollis, Cam.—In sandpit at Gisleham near Lowestoft on 22 September 1922. C. striata, Cam.—Taken by sweeping at Lakenheath on 18 May 1911. C. melanopoda, Cam.—Not rare on Deutsia, etc., at Monks Soham during June and July. Total is 98 Suffolk species of Cynipidse, out of 180 in (sec. Morley's ' Synopsis ' in E n t o m . 1932, p. 133).

Britain

PROCTOTRYPID/E.

Insect-egg Parasites. Subfamily

PROCTOTRYPINJE.

Disogmus areolator, Hai—Captured wild at Wortham, and bred at Monks Soham. Proctotrypes brevimanus, Kff.—On Monks Soham house-windows in July and September. P. laricis, Hai.—Ipswich in May, and on lime-leaves in Monks Soham garden. P. longitarsis, Thoms.—Singly in Tuddenham Fen and on Southwold beach. P. aculeator, Hai.—Bramford, Bentley, Elveden and Southwold after hibernation. P. parvulus, Nees.—Ipswich on sunflower, and there bred from elm-fungi. P. gravidator, Linn.—Sparingly Aying in sandy places everywhere. P. devagator, Oliv.—The sole British specimen was taken at Foxhall, 26 July 1904. P. gladiator, Hai.—Westleton (Elliott), Ipswich, Depden, Frostenden, Brandon : singly. P. buccatus, Thoms.—Bury (Tuck), Foxhall (Tomlin), Dodnash, Lowestoft, Blythburgh, etc.


34

THE HYMENOPTERA

OF

SUFFOLK.

P. elongatus, Hai.—First taken in England in Monks Soham garden on 14 July 1923. P. calcar, Hai.—Parasitic on Centipeds (Lithobius forficatus, L.) ; common everywhere. P. curtipennis, Hai.—One female in chalk-pit on heath at Brandon, on 29 May 1924. P. seticornis, Thoms.—First found in Britain at Bramford in 1899 ; Monks Soham. P. fuscipes, Hai.—Common throughout the county ; first bred in Britain at Monks Soham. P. pallidipes, Jur.—Wherstead, Ipswich, Barton Mills and Tuddenham in June. P. hyalinipennis, Morley.—First described as new from Tostock and Bentley (Entom. 1922, p. 157). P. micrurus, Kff.—First found in Britain in the Bentley Woods, Ipswich, on 2 Oct. 1895. P. viator, Hai.—A Beetle-parasite, occurring commonly all over the County. Exallonyx longicornis, Nees.—Common from April to A u g u s t : Foxhall (Newbery), etc. E. fumipennis, Kff.—'Tostock (Tuck), Eriswell and Tuddenham Fen, in autumn. E niger, Hai.—An abundant species everywhere in shady woods, extending to October. Var. pallidistigma, Morley (Entom. 1922, p. 182), Felixstow cliff [and Wicken, Cambs.]. E. ater, Nees.—Ashfield Parva (Elliott), Pakefield cliff, Lowestoft, Brandon, etc. E. lioatus, Nees.—Frequent throughout east Suffolk from May to October. E. Wasmanni, Kff.—One female Aying along the sandy cliff at Corton, 14 August 1908. Paracodrus apterogynus, Hai.—Monks Soham (Newbery); not rare everywhere in autumn. P. Bethyliformis, Kff. First found in England at Monks Soham in 1921 ; Gisleham sand-pit. Subfamily BELYTIN/E. Ismarus flavicornis, Thoms.—One female on Heracleum-üov/et, Southwold, 9 July 1900. Oxylabis maculata, Kff—Beaten from birch-bushes in Tuddenham Fen in early June. O. tuberculata, Kff.—Swept on the Breck at Eriswell on 21 June 1914. O. leeviventris, Kff.—One female in marshes in Tuddenham Fen on 8 September 1915. O. armata, C u r t — A female swept from heather at Blythburgh Wood on 25 Sept. 1913.


35 O. Marshalli, Kff.—Beaten from bushes in the Bentley Woods during June 1902. Diphora nigriceps, Kff.—Taken on Monks Soham house-window on 5 June 1922. D. rufiventris, Kff.—A few in the same Situation in June, and at Palmers Heath in Brandon. Belyta brachyptera, Thoms.—Occurs occasionally in the Bentley Woods in September. B. marginalis, Kff.—The undescribed male, which differs only sexually, was running on a Monks Soham house-window on 15 August 1923. B. depressa, Thoms.—Rarely swept at Mildenhall, Ipswich and Lowestoft. B. validicornis, Thoms.—Common throughout the County ; Monks Soham windows, etc. B. nigriventris, Thoms.—One swept in a marshy wood at Blythburgh on 14 Sept. 1912. B. abrupta, Thoms.—First found in Britain in Finborough Park by Tuck ; Tuddenham. B. sanguinolenta, Nees.—Frequently found on Heather throughout the County. B. dorsalis, Thoms.—Occurs with the last. [At Vernet les Bains, 1907 (Algernon Elliott, C.I.E.)]. B. crassinervis, Kff.—Swept in woods at Barton Mills on 8 September 1915. B. costalis, Kff.—Swept from Aster tripolium in Southwold saltmarshes during 1920. B. modesta, Kff.—First found in England at Stanstead Wood ; Monks Soham [ and Brockdish, Norfolk]. Aclista subaptera, Thoms.—A frequent species in winter moss, hence sure to occur. A. striata, Kff.—Fairly common everywhere, especialy wintering in Aira ccespitosa. A. macroneura, Kff.—The only English specimen was on Monks Soham house-window, 25 July 1921. A. microcera, Kff.—Monks Soham ; and swept on edge of the Fens at Mildenhall. Pantolyta pallida, Kff.—A solitary female at Icklingham on 5 May 1907. P- stylata, Kff.—The undescribed female, which differs only sexually, was running on a Monks Soham house-window on 29 July 1928. Psilomma incerta, Kff.—Apparently rare ; swept from Heather at Blythburgh Wood. Anectatafilicornis,Kff.—Occasionally swept in the Barton Mills woods in June. A - prolongata, Kff.—Probably not rare ; several in rabbit-holes on the Breck. THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.


36

THE HYMENOPTERA OF

SUFFOLK.

Pantoclis sulcata, Thoms.—Not uncommon in moss at Southwold, Ipswich and Bedfield. P. soluta, Kff.—The undescribed female, which differs only sexually, was in a sand-pit at Gisleham on 18 Sept. 1926. P. Cameroni, Kff.—A female swept in Tuddenham Fen on 4 June 1928. P. obscuripes, Kff.—A common species : Norton Wood (Tuck), Brandon, Oulton, Bentley. P. abdominalis, Nees.—Swept in marshy places commonly throughout the County. P. brevis, Nees.—The commonest of the genus in Britain, from June to October. Acropiesta rufiventris, Kff.—Blakenham Parva, Brandon and Tuddenham in spring. A. filicornis, Kff.—The only British specimen was swept at Brandon in June 1908. Xenotoma nigra, Kff.—Swept from reeds in salt-marsh at Southwold in September. X. pleuralis, Kff.—Found on Monks Soham house-window at 8 a.m. on 2 June 1921. X. nigrescens, Kff.—In the same Situation as the last, October: usually in woods. X. castaneiventris, Kff.—Southwold and Brandon amorig Pines in early September. X. ciliipes, Kff.—Swept in a marshy ditch at Mildenhall on 25 September 1907. Cinetus iridipennis, Lep.—Several beaten from Coniferce in Walberswick Wood, 1910. Leptorhaptus politus, Thoms.—The commonest of the genus : Tuddenham and South Cove in September. L. egregius, Kff.—On birches in Barton Mills woods during June 1916. L. conjungens, Kff.—One male swept at Brandon staunch on 20 June 1914. Subfamily

DIAPRIIN/E.

Galesus fuscipennis, Curt.—Not rare in sandy situations everywhere. G. clypeatus, Thoms.—Swept in Wangford Wood near Southwold on 13 September 1912. G. parvulus, Kff.—The undescribed female, which differs only sexually, was running on a Monks Soham house-window on 9 August 1925. G. Forsteri, Kff.—Rarely swept on a sandy heath of the Breck at Brandon. G. obliquus, Thoms.—Found floating on rain-water in Bentley Woods on 9 April 1897.


THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.

37

Synacra brachialis, Nees.—Rarely swept at Palmers Heath at Brandon in June. Paramesius spinulosus, Morley.—Once found on Monks Soham house-windows in April. P. inchoatus, Kff.—Not uncommon in moss at Bedfield and on reeds at Covehithe. P. rufipes, Westw.—Common everywhere: Tuddenham Fen, Monks Soham on windows, etc. P. Belytoides, Marsh.—Probably not infrequent: swept from bracken at Walberswick. P. nigricornis, Kff.—A species that is generally distributed over all England. P. Cameroni, Kff.—Dunwich in June 1926 (Blair). Spilomicrus stigmaticalis, Ww.—Icklingham (Chitty), Tuddenham (Elliott) : not rare. S. rufitarsis, Kff.—Occasionally swept at Bentley Woods and Bramford in autumn. S. annulicornis, Kff.—The undescribed male, which differs only sexually, was swept in Henstead marsh in Sept. 1913. S. Basalyformis, Marsh.—An abundant species, bred by Bedwell from Quedius othiniensis, Joh., in Surrey during 1919. S. hemipterus, Marsh.—Rare in sand-pit at Gisleham near Lowestoft in September. S. integer, Thoms.—Swept from nettles on a wood-side at Wherstead in October. Aneurrhynchus pentatomus, Thms.—Monks Soham, Reydon, Gisleham, Southwold, Ipswich. A. Galesiformis, Westw.—Fairly common: Bentley (Tomlin), Blythburgh, Tuddenham, etc. A. oviventris, Thoms.—Reydon, Southwold, Tuddenham [and Ringstead village, Norfolk]. A. obliquus, Kff.—One male swept in Stanstead Wood on 14 June 1900. Monelata petiolaris, Nees.—Swept at Foxhall in 1907 (Chitty) and Bentley Woods. Basalys fumipennis, Westw.—Not uncommon in woods throughout the County. B. rufiscapa, Kff.—A male was swept at Foxhall on 23 September 1899. B. collaris, Kff.—Taken rarely in a sand-pit at Gisleham near Lowestoft in autumn. Loxotropa tripartita, Marsh.—The undescribed male, which differs only sexually, was taken at Brandon, September 1907. L. tritoma, Thoms.—Taken running on the windows of Monks Soham house in July. L. rufiscapa, Nees.—Not uncommon at Monks Soham and the Gisleham pit in October.


38

THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.

L. longipennis, Kff.—Once swept from broom at Dodnash Wo in September. L. exigua, Marsh.—Rare : found in the Bramford marshes near I pswich in October. L. ciliata, Kff.—Occurred in a sand-pit at Farnham on 13 Augu 1920. L. dispar, Nees.—Monks Soham, Butley, Pakefield and common in the Gisleham pit. L. pedestris, Kff.—The undescribed male, which differs only sexually, occurred in the Aldburgh salt-marshes in 1899. L. Morleii, Chitty.—Described as new to Science from a female found at Sproughton by Morley. Trichopria nigripes, Thoms.—The undescribed female, whic differs only sexually, has turned up in moss at Bedfield. T. nigra, Nees.—Generally distributed and perhaps common; Monks Soham, Ipswich, etc. T. ciliaris, Kff.—First found in England upon Monks Soham house-windows in June. T.fimbriata,Kff.—The undescribed female, which differs only sexually, occurs on Monks Soham house-windows in July. T. evanescens, Kff.—First found in England on Monks Soha house-windows in July. Diapria conica, Latr.—Commonly swept in marshy places ever where all the summer. D. carinata, Thoms.—Probably not rare ; found in grass-tufts at Ipswich in winter. D. apicalis, Kff.—First taken in England in Monks Soham garde Henham, Bentley. D. tetratoma, Kff.—First taken in England in Monks Soham garden ; Gisleham sandpit. D. stilata, Kff.—Not uncommonly found fallen into the Gisleham sand-pit, September. D. nocticolor, Kff.—Common in rabbit-holes on Brandon heath Monks Soham. D. oogaster, Thoms.—Frequently taken on house-windows and in garden at Monks Soham. D. myrmecobia, Kff.—Found hibernating in grass-tufts at Ipsw during April. D. aquata, Thoms.—First taken in Britain on Monks Soham house-windows. D. conotoma, Kff.—Taken at Bentley Woods, Blythburgh, Mo Soham [ and Cromer, Norfolk], D. variipes, Kff.—Uncommon at Reydon and on Monks Soha house-windows in autumn. D. melanopus, Kff.—Doubtless common: Tuddenham, Framlingham and Monks Soham windows. D. verticillata, Latr.—Abundant everywhere, the females hibernating in grass-tufts.


THE HYMENOPTERA OF

SUFFOLK.

39

D. suspecta, Nees.—A pair found in Monks Soham garden during August 1925. phanopria Cameroni, Kff.—Swept at Tuddenham, in moss at Bedfield ; Monks Soham. P. subimpressa, Kff.—Occurs rarely, fallen into the Gisleham sand-pit. P. halterata, Kff.—Abundant on Senecio and Sedum of the Breck about Brandon. S u b f a m i l y PLATYGASTRINiE.

Piestopleura Catülus, Wik.—Doubtless common : Monks Soham house-windows in June. Leptacis Tipulce, Kirby.—First described from Barham in 1797 (Kirby) ; Monks Soham. L. Nydia, Wik.—Occurs on the open sandy heaths about Brandon during August. L. Laodice, Wik.—Found in moss at the Bentley Woods during March 1895. L. Nice, Wik.—Swept from reeds in the Blyth marshes at Wenhaston in September. Synopeas Rhanis, Wik.—Beaten from a spruce-fir hedge at Elveden in May 1907. S. Mamertes, Wik.—Both sexes (excl. Walker's female) in Monks Soham garden in June. S. Tarsa, Wik.—Occurs rarely upon Monks Soham house-windows in early July. 5. Trebius, Wik.—One female swept on 27 May 1907 at Foxhall near Ipswich (Chitty). S. scutellaris, Nees.—Apparently uncommon : has occurred in Henstead marsh, autumn. Amblyaspis tritici, Curt.—A common species on com ; in Monks Soham garden. A. Furius, Wik.—Males have been discovered in Henham Park during September. Trichacis Pisis, Wik.—Once found abundantly in a pine wood at Bentley in April. T. Remulus, Wik.—Not uncommon on Monks Soham housewindows during June. T. Didas, Wik.—A s i n g l e f e m a l e i n t h e above S i t u a t i o n o n 3 September 1920. Isocybus ruficornis, Hai.—Beaten commonly from birch in Tuddenham Fen ; Monks Soham. I. Matuta, Wik.—Not rarely swept in marshes at Barnby Broad and Tuddenham Fen. J. Rutubus, Wik.—The only known female was in a Gisleham sand-pit in Sept. 1926 ; this sex differs only sexually from the male.


40

THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.

Platygaster Hyllus, Wik.—Has been rarely swept in the Bentley Woods during May. P. Acrisius, Wik.—Beaten from broom-bushes on Palmers Heath at Brandon late in June. P. attenuata, Curt.—Females of this species were swept in some numbers on that Heath. P. munita, Wik.—Occurs rarely on early herbage at Nacton near Ipswich in May. P. Cyrsilus, Wik.—Taken by sweeping marshes at Barnby Broad during early July. P. Pleuron, Wik.—Sometimes found sitting on underside of limeleaves, Monks Soham. P. sonchis, Wik.—Abundant: Icklingham (Chitty), Mildenhall and in Monks Soham paddock. P. Dictys, Wik.—By no means rarely swept in the middle of June : Brandon. P. Olorus, Wik.—Found once or twice running on Monks Soham house-windows in May. P. Sterope, Wik.—This has occurred in the same Situation as the last, during August. P. Deipyla, Wik.—A single male was found in Monks Soham garden in 1928. Discovered together, fallen into the P. Abia, Wik.— 1 Gisleham pit, Sept. 1923. Latter is P Vestinus, Wik.— | parasitic on the Gall-gnat, Cecidomyia > inclusa, Frld. (cf. EMM. Jan. 1932). P. Oscus, Wik.—Both sexes occur sparingly on Monks Soham house-windows in summer. P. JEgeus, Wik.—Bred at Monks Soham from Bombyx lanestris frass, along with Aspilota insidiatrix, another known Dipterous parasite, on 25 July 1917. P. Ennius, Wik.—Not rarely swept at Staverton and Wenhaston ; Monks Soham windows. P. laricis, Wik.—Found in a high, dry field at Tuddenham (Tr. Suff. Nat. Soc. i, lxxx). P. Sagana, Wik.—Both sexes swept in a damp place at Foxhall in May 1907 (Chitty). P. Minthe, Wik.—Beaten from a sallow-bush at Covehithe on 18 September, 1912. P. Athamas, Wik—Probably quite a common species : Monks Soham during June, etc. P. Abisares, Wik.—Occurs somewhat sparingly during June on Monks Soham windows. P. nigra, Nees.—The commonest of its genus: Tuddenham (Chitty), Southwold, Ipswich. P. Euthemerus, Wik.—Distinctly uncommon : swept in grassy lane in Bentley Woods.


THE

HYMENOPTERA

OF

SUFFOLK.

41

Inostemma Bosci, Jur.—Swept uncommonly during June at Palmers Heath in Brandon. Isostasius punctiger, Nees.—An abundant parasite on the abundant Corn-midge (Cecidomyia tritici, Kirby) and sure to be common here. I. inserens, Kirby.—First described by the Rev. W. Kirby from Barham in SufFolk. I. Boter, Wik.—A male was beaten from a spruce-pine hedge at Elveden in May 1907. Metaclisis areolata, Wik.—Taken rarely by sweeping in Tuddenham village, August. Subfamily

Mymarin/e.

Ooctonus insignis, Hai.—Brandon staunch. The insects of this group are so small as to be very generally o/erlooked. O. notatus, Wik.—The only known male was on Monks Soham house-window in 1922. Gonatocerus acuminatus, Wik.—Discovered Aying in Barsham church in June 1921. G. litoralis, Hai.—Doubtless common ; found in both the Gisleham pit and Monks Soham. Litus cynipseus, Hai.—Monks Soham windows. Has been bred from Ants' nest. Arescon dimidiatus, Hai.—Several specimens on those windows in June-July 1919-22. Alaptus minimus, Wik.—A female on Monks Soham housewindow in October 1905. Dicopus cervus, Morley.—The type was Aying in Monks Soham garden (Entom. 1931, p. 16). Anaphes fuscipennis, Hai.—Has occurred on Monks Soham window at noon in August. A. auripes, Wik.—The only known male was on the same window on 15 June 1925. A. latipennis, Wik.—Specimens of this species occurred there also during 1922. Enasius agilis, Enock.—Very rare in the same Situation towards the end of June. Anagrus atomus, Linn.—Rarely taken on Monks Soham housewindows during July. Oophilus longicauda, Enock.—A single female occurred on those windows in 1922. Subfamily

Scelioniisue.

Allophanurus Vtbius, Wik.—A single female on a Monks Soham house-window in 1919. A. Arminon, Wik.—A female of this species occurred on the same window in August.


THF. HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.

42

Telenomus Coilus, Wik.—The undescribed male, which differs only sexually, was on a Monks Soham house-window in 1924. T. Othus, Hai.—The undescribed male, which differs only sexually, was on the same window in 1928. T. laricis, Wik.—One can see these tiny insects only on windows : Monks Soham. T. Dorsennus, Wik.—The undescribed female, which differs only sexually, was on a Monks Soham window in August 1921. Prophanurus phalanarum, Nees.—Abundant everywhere. Parasitic on Moths' eggs. P. Stilpo, Wik.—Occurs, apparentlv rarely, on Monks Soham house-windows in July. Liophanurus Orphne, Wik.—The undescribed female (Walker's type is a male), which differs only sexually, was on a Monks Soham window in 1921. Aphanums

Turesis,

Wik.—Taken singly in the same Situation

as the last species.

Hoplogryon pedestris, Nees.—Our commonest species ; Wherstead, Gisleham pit, etc. H. micropterus, Kff.—A female running on the Breck-sand at Brandon, 1911 (Mrs. Morley). H. Lamus, Wik.—In a bag of reed-refuse from Bixley Decoy durmg April 1904. H.fuscimanus, Kff.—A single female had fallen into the Gisleham sand-pit in 1924. H. fulvimanus, Kff.— In some numbers at the roots of Ononis spinosa at Southwold. II. agilis, Kff.—Occurs sparingly in gravel-pits at Bentley woods near Ipswich. H. Smerdis, Wik.—Found singly in the Gisleham pit in 1929. Female still unknown. H. flavipes, Curt.—Along with the last was a male of this species at Gisleham. Trimorus Medon, Wik.—A female in the same pit near Lowestoft on 17 September 1922. Teleas clavicornis, Latr.—Not rare at Brandon, Butley and Assington in summer. T. myrmecobius, Kff.—Occasionally found on heath-grasses at Foxhall and Brandon. T. coriaceus, Kff.—Both sexes on the bare, blowing sands at Brandon ; Bentley Woods. Pentacantha variieornis, Wik.—A common species in Britain ; sure to occur with us. Gryon miselltis, Hai.—Has been found sparingly in the Gisleham sand-pit, September. Scelio rugosulus, Latr.—Shrubland Park, Gisleham, Tuddenham [and Ringstead, Norfolk].


THE HYMENOPTERA

OF

43

SUFFOI.K.

Sparasion frontale, Latr.—A single female at Felixstow in August 1896 (Piffard). Subfamily

CERAPHRONTIWE.

Trichosteresis Forsteri, Kff.—Barton Mills, Tuddenham, Southwold, Reydon, Gisleham, etc. T. Syrphi, Bche.—Swept at Nacton. Parasitic on Hoveringflies (Syrphi) larvae. T. armata, Kff.—Running on an old oak-post at Monks Soham on 23 June 1921. T. punctatipennis, Kff.—Occurs sparingly on Monks Soham housewindows in August. T. Carpenteri, Curt.—Dunwich (Blair), Tuddenham, Monks Soham fand it occurs in India !]. Megaspilus dux, Curt.—Somewhat doubtful females on Monks Soham windows. M. striolatus, Thoms.—Rarely discovered fallen into the sandpit at Gisleham. M. Marshalli, Kff.—Has occurred occasionally on Monks Soham house-windows, August. Lygocerus pubescens, Thoms.—Rarely found with the last species on house-windows. L. ramicornis, Boh.—Taken by sweeping at Foxhall near Ipswich in May 1907 (Chitty). L. glabriculus, Thoms.—Swept from marsh-herbage at Henstead on 22 September, 1913. L. subqtiadratus, Kff.—Monks Soham house-windows and swept in Tuddenham Fen, summer. L. rectangularis, Kff.—Bred from Aphid at Dunwich (Blair); Monks Soham windows. L. frenalis, Kff.—Not uncommonly swept at Reydon and Henstead ; Monks Soham windows. L. Breadalbimensis, Kff.—Certainly uncommon with u s ; Monks Soham windows in July 1921. Conostigmus allotropus, Kff.—Abundant in moss everywhere; Gisleham sand-pit. C. apterus, Kff.—Several swept in a boggy alder-wood at Bramford on 14 October 1899. C. cursitans, Nees.—A common species in Breck marshes [as well as Wicken in Cambs.]. C. humilis, Kff.—Discovered at the roots of grass in the Bramford marshes in April. C. leptothorax, Kff.—Occasionally swept at Walberswick and Martlesham on heaths. C. rufescens, Kff.—Once occurred in refuse of river at Ipswich (cf. EMM. xxxiii, 86). C. rhopalophorus, Kff.—Abundant everywhere, Clopton and Ipswich.

rarely

seen:


44

THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.

C. halteratus, Boh.—Once swept at Reydon near Southwold during September 1912. C. scabriventris, Kff.—Common; swept at Wangford and W stead at end of October. C. innotatus, Kff.—Monks Soham (Newbery), Easton cliff, Sproughton, Bramford : common. C. lentus, Kff.—In Boletus at Monks Soham in 1916 [and a Chippenham, Cambs.]. C. punctulatus, Cam.—Apparently rare ; swept only in a marsh meadow at Foxhall. C. subfilicornis, Kff.—Eriswell, and several running swifty on wilow at Monks Soham. C. inconstans, Kff—Beaten from oak at Wissett, and found Monks Soham house-windows. C. nigriventris, Kff.—Both sexes occur commonly in summer on the same windows. C. testaceipes, Kff.—Not uncommon; Brandon, Blythburgh, Staverton Thicks, Felixstow. C. fasciatipennis, Kff.—Somewhat rare at Brandon, Monks Soham and Westleton, June. C. basalis, Kff.—The undescribed female, which differs only sexually, occurs on Monks Soham windows. C. Carpentieri, Kff.—Swept at Kirton and found on ash-leaves at Monks Soham, August. C. dubiosus, Kff.—Once found sitting under a board on Mon Soham lawn in May. C. alutaceus, Thoms.—Very common everywhere; Brandon, Corton cliff and Monks Soham. C. lucidus, Kff.—Widely distributed : Corton (Blair), Coddenham, Bedfield, Monks Soham, Bentley Woods. €. crassicornis, Boh.—Swept at Coddenham in May ; in Gisleh pit during April. C. borealis, Thoms.—Not rare in dry places : Brandon heaths a Southwold sandhils. Lagynodes pallidus, Boh.—Abundant everywhere locally in marshes: Bramford, Bentley Woods, etc. Synarsis planifrons, Kff.—Occasionally taken sparingly on Mon Soham house-windows. Aphanogmus hyalinipennis, Thoms.—Once found on the windows on 20 May 1922. A. formicarius, Kff—A female taken in the same Situation in the previous May.

A. fasciipennis, Thoms.—Not uncommon upon the same window from July to September. Ceraphron Scoticus, Kff.—In Gisleham pit; swept Tuddenha Fen ; Monks Soham windows. C. armatus, Kff.—In moss at Bedfield in February ; swept near coast at Reydon.


THE

HYMENOPTERA

OF

SUFFOLK.

45

C. spinifer, Kff.—The undescribed male, which differs only sexually, running on bare sandy heath at Brandon in 1908. C. abdominalis, Thoms.—Both sexes by no means uncommon in Gisleham and Butley sand-pits. C. formicarum, Kff.—The commonest of the genus : frequent on Monks Soham house-windows. C. pallidipes, Thoms.—Frequent upon the same windows during mid-July to mid-August. C. nanus, Nees.—Brandon Heath in 1926, just after the Govt. " Forest" had been planted. C. nigelliceps, Kff.—Frequent in moss and reed-refuse at Bedfield and Bixley, winter. C. nigraticeps, Kff.—Not uncommon in the Gisleham sand-pit during all September.

Subfamily

DRYININJE.

Gonatopus pilosus, Thoms.—Two females among Ants at Icklingham. Male still unknown. G. striatus, Kff.—Found in a sandy place near Brandon early in May (Chitty). G. Sepsoides, Westw.—Widely distributed from Lowestoft to Brandon ; nowhere common. G. Marshalli, Kff.—One among Cudweed in a cart-rut at Bentley Wood on 25 July 1935. G. bicolor, Curt.—Among heath-grasses on the cliff-face at Covehithe in July 1926. Aphelopus melanoleucus, Dalm.—Widely distributed from Tuddenham to Monks Soham. Labeo excisus, Westw.—A single male swept at Brandon staunch on 31 May 1929. Antceon Kiefferi, Chitty.—This species, new to Science, was first taken by Morley at Ipswich. A. barbatus, Chitty.—Hitherto found in our County only at the Bentley Woods. A. arcuatus, Kff.—The sole English specimen was found at Oulton Broad in 1922. A. vicinus, Kff.—In marshes: swept at Tuddenham [and at Holme in Hunts by Chitty], A. unicarinatus, Kff.—Beaten singly from Poplar at Bentley Woods and Farnham. A. imberbis, Kff.—Taken among woods at Brandon and Assington Thicks in May. A. parvus, Kff.—Very common everywhere in June-July : Henstead, Tuddenham, Brandon. A. infectus, Wik.—Not very common in the marshes of the Lark at Barton Mills.


46

THE HYMENOPTERA

OF

SUFFOLK.

A.

Gaullei, Kff.—Not at all rare at Bramford, Tattingstone, Tuddenham Fen, etc. A. fusiformis, Kff.—This species has been swept from hedgebottoms at Reydon. A. rectus, Kff.—Found commonly in the Bentley Woods [and at Horning, Norfolk]. A. brachycerus, Thoms.—Beaten singly from birch-bushes in Tuddenham Fen, late May. A. xanthostigmus, Kff.—A widely distributed species in Britain : Brandon in June, etc. A. Ellimani, Chitty.—Beaten from trees in Barton Mills woods in 1916 (Elliott). A. triareolatus, Kff.—Rarely swept in the virgin-bog of Judes Bridge, Mildenhall. A. nigriclavatus, Kff.—Once swept in the marshes at Henstead on 3 July 1906. A. Morleii, Chitty.—The unique male was taken at Foxhall in in August 1902 by Morley. A. Pyrenaicus, Kff.—Swept in the marshes of Tuddenham Fen during May 1911. A. vitellinipes, Kff.—The sole English specimen was swept at Brandon, June 1914. A. Forsten, Kff.—Apparently very uncommon at Monks Soham, where it occurred 1909. A. curvinervis, Kff.—The only example of this species in England came from Brandon. A. Beaumonti, Chitty.—Has been very sparingly captured at Monks Soham in July. A. declivis, Kff.—August in marshes at Tuddenham Fen [and Caister, Norfolk]. Embolimus Ruddi, Westw.—Probably not uncommon, though noticed only at Tuddenham. Myrmecomorphus rufescens, Ww.—The sole British female is from a Barking chalk-pit. Subfamily

BETHYLIN^E.

Bethylus cephalotes, Fst.—Abundant everywhere from March to October : Covehithe beach (Curtis B.E. 720), Sudbury, etc. B. mandibularis, Kff.—A male was captured in the marshes of Tuddenham in 1906. B. fulvicornis, Curt.—Sparingly scattered from Brandon across to Southwold. B.fuscicornis, Jur.—Very numerous throughout the entire County, on Broom, etc. Cephalanomoea formiciformis, Ww.—This has been very rarely beaten at Oulton Broad.


THE HYMENOPTERA

Subfamily

OF

SUFFOLK.

47

ÜELORINIE.

Helorus anomalipes, Panz.—Abundant: Mr. Kirby observed it in Suffolk (Curtis B.E. 403), Tostock (Tuck), Sibton, Ipswich, Bramford, etc. H. coruscus, Hai.—Bungay (Tuck), Lakenheath, Thorndon, Ipswich, etc., not at all common. H. ruficornis, Fst.—Parasite of Lacewing-flies (Chrysopee) : rare at Monks Soham. Total is 308 Suffolk species of Proctotrvpidae, out of 675 in Britain (sec. Trans. Suff. Nat. Soc. 1929, p. 60).'

ACULEATA* Group

HETEROGYNA.—Ants.

Myrmecina graminicola, Latr.—One female near Southwold, 1859 (Smith, Ent. Ann. 1860, p. 92). Monomorium Pharaonis, L.—Swept wild at Wherstead ; in an Ipswich baker's shop. Myrmica leevinodis, Nyl.—Abundant everywhere. M. ruginodis, Nyl.—Hardly rarer than last. M. scabrinodis, Nyl.—Common. M. lobicornis, Nyl.—Rare: Pakefield (Smith), Foxhall and the Lowestoft denes in 1922. Stenamma Westwoodi, Ww.—Rare : Tostock (Tuck) ; in moss, Bentley Woods in 1897 and 1901. Leptothorax acervorum, Fab.—Norton Wood (Tuck), Gisleham sand-pit and not uncommon about Brandon. L. Nylanderi, Fst.—Aspen-bark, Blakenham Magna (Donisthorpe, Doughty) and Shrubland. Tetramorium caspitum, L.—Lowestoft and Pakefield (Morice) ; abundant on all heaths. Lasius fuliginosus, Latr.—Locally common ; not on Boulder-clay. L. niger, Linn.—Too a b u n d a n t : the Garden Ant. L. alienus, Fst.-—Everywhere in sandy places. L. flavus, DeG.—Ubiquitous : the Yellow Meadow Ant. L. umbratus, Nyl.—Local; Tostock (Tuck), Brandon (Perkins), Ipswich, Foxhall, Gisleham. L. brunneus, Latr.—Has occurred on the Pakefield coast (Smith, Foss. Hym. 224). Camponotus abdominalis, Fab.—Introduced in Bananas to Debenham in 1912 (Morley) and to Gorleston in 1921 (Doughty). *Localities here given are, in the main, additional to and discovered later than those of " T h e Hymenoptera of Suffolk, part i : Aculeata. "y Claude Morley, F.E.S., etc. 1899."


48

THE

HYMENOPTERA

OF

SUFFOLK.

C. ligniperda, Latr.—Sole British recoid CTr. Suff. Nat. Soc. ii, 298). Formica rufa, Linn.—Suffolk (Kirby, Proc. Ent. Soc. 1834, p. xxv); Assington, 1920 (Harwood). F. fusca, Latr.—Locally common; not on Boulder-clay. Plagiolepis flavidula, Reg.—Abundant in a Beccles greenhouse, Sept. 1911 (Dr. Crowfoot). Group FOSSORES.—Digger-wasps. Mutilla Europcea, L.—Lound Heath (Paget); Southwold (Kirby). No recent records. M. rufipes, Latr.—Southwold, Lowestoft, Rougham, Bentley, Foxhall, Shrubland : local. Myrmosa melanocephala, F.—Copdock (Hocking), Dunwich (Blair), Tuddenham (Harwood), etc. Methoca Ichneumonoides, Latr.—Solely :—" Suffolk " (Smith, Ent. Annual 1866, p. 131). Tiphia femorata, Fab.—Bury (Wratislaw), Tostock and Finbro (Tuck), common in Breck. T. minuta, Lind.—Local: Lackford, Tuddenham, Freckenham and Brandon, 1900-35. Sapyga 5-punctata, Fab.—Dunwich (Blair), Felixstow (Gibbs), Copdock (Hocking), etc. S. clavicornis, L.—Several males Aying in Barton Mills marshes on 28 May 1924. Agena hircana, Fab.—Local: Monks Soham, Brandeston, Bentley Woods, Clopton, etc. Calicurgus hyalinatus, Fab.—A male on poplar in Assington Thicks, 23 July 1902. Pompilus unicolor, Spin.—One in Suffolk on Newmarket Heath, 1910 (Nurse); Pakefield. P. bicolor, Lep.—Found only in the Brandon District by Dr. Perkins. P. rufipes, Linn.—Locally common; Rushmere (Platten), Hollesley (Hocking), Higham, etc. P. cinctellus, Spin.—Very rare ; certainly taken at Southwold (Edward Saunders). P. plumbeus, Fab.—Common on sand (Shuck. Foss. Hym. 50), Dunwich (Blair), Rougham (Tuck), etc. P. nigerrimus, Scop.—Local: Barton Mills, Southwold, Easton cliff and near Brandon. P. viaticus, L.—Curiously rare : one in sandpit at Farnham by the Aide, 4 August 1920. P. consobrinus, Dhlb.—Only : two specimens captured at Tostock in 1899 (Tuck). P. minutulus, Dhlb.—Near Brandon, uncommon (Perkins), Tuddenham (Nurse), Corton cliff.


49 P. spissus, Schdt.—Copdock (Hocking), Bentley Woods and Freckenham during May. P. chalybeatus, Schdt.—Rushmere (Platten), Hollesley (Hocking); Southwold abundant. P. gibbus, Fab.—Rushmere (Platten), Freckenham, Herringfleet, Benacre, N. Cove, Shrubland Park, etc. P. unguicularis, Thms.—North Cove, Farnham, Brandeston, Bedfield, Foxhall, Pakefield, etc. P. pectinipes, Lind.—Rushmere (Platten), Tuddenham, etc.; not uncommon. Salius fuscus, Linn.—Common everywhere in spring. S. exaltatus, Fab.—Lound Common (Bedwell), Corton (Blair), many at Monks Soham. S. notatulus, Saund.—Singly on sand : Aldringham Heath and Gisleham pit, in October. obtusiventris, Schdt.—A male at Tostock, July 1900 (Tuck), Tuddenham, Monks Soham, etc. S. pusillus, Schdt.—Frequent everywhere. S. parvulus, Dhlb.—Not rare : Foxhall, North Cove, Mutford. Ceropales maculata, Fab.—Singly : Eye, Monks Soham, Hoxne, Badingham, Barton Mills. Astata boops, Sehr—Corton Heath 1858 (Smith), Southwold (Saunders, EMM. 1879, p. 199). A. stigma, Panz.—Corton (Bedwell), West Stow (Nurse), Tuddenham (Harwood) under Breck stones. Tachytes unicolor, Panz.—Verv local: Brandon and Thetford Warren, 1921-24. T. pectinipes, Linn.—Not uncommon everywhere. Trypoxylonfigulus,Linn. T. clavicerum, Lep. - All three sufficiently common everyT. attenuatum, Sm. ' where. Ammophila sabulosa, L.—Inhabits sand-banks, Suffolk (Samouelle, 1819). Still common. A. campestris, Latr.—Common only at blackberryfloweron Martlesham Heath, July 1923. A. hirsuta, Scop.—Very local: Martlesham Heath (Kirby, 1798), still there 1923 ; Gunton 1924. A. lutaria, Fab.—Two on Martlesham Heath (Kirby, 1798) and two more in July 1923. Spilomena troglodytes, Lind.—Uncommon: Tostock (Tuck), Brandon 1903 ; Brandeston 1921. Stigmus Solskii, Mrw.—Common: Ipswich, Bentley, Chediston, Brandeston, Ashfield, Monks Soham. Pemphredon lugubris, Fab.—Common: Herringfleet (Bedwell), Bramfield, Hoo, etc. P- Shuckardi, Mrw.—Scattered: Shrubland, Monks Soham, Kirton, Thorndon, North Cove. P. lethifer, Shuck.—Scattered : Haughley (Elliott), Frostenden, Gorleston, Brandon. THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK.


50

THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOI.K.

P. Wesmcsli, Mrw— Somewhat rare: Tostock (Tuck); Monks Soham garden in 1921 and 1927. P. morio, Lind.—Tostock (Tuck, of the form carinatus, Thoms cf. EMM. 1910, p. 10). Diodontus minutus, Fab. D. luperus, Shuck. ^ All generally distributed and quite D. tristis, Lind. common. Passalcecus corniger, Shuck. \ Nesting fairly commonly P. insignis, Lind. / dead wood. P. gracilis, Curt.—Uncommon : singly at Uggeshall, Tuddenham, Mildenhall, Monks Soham. P. monilicornis, Dhlb.—Infrequent at Easton cliff, Parham, Brandeston ; Monks Soham windows. Psen Shuckardi, Wesm. P. equestris, Fab. sufficiently common, nesting in P. bicolor, Fab. loose sand. P. unicolor, Lind—In marshy spot at Tostock, 1902 (Tuck), singly at Shrubland and Monks Soham. P. Dahlbomi, Wesm.—Parham Wood, several in cop. 12 Tulv 1919 (Vinter) and 2 June 1921. P. ater, Fab.—Suffolk by Kirby and Curtis ; Lowestoft (Smith). Not seen since. Psenulus pallidipes, Panz.—Abundant everywhere : Monks Soha Occold, Tuddenham, Staverton. Gorytes tumidus, Panz.—Rare : Tuddenham, 1922 (Harwood) Brandon, 1927. Dying out ? G. mystaceus, Linn.—Only locally common : Copdock (Hocking) Wherstead, Staverton, Parham. G. campestris, L.—Rare : Lowestoft (Smith, Foss. Hym. 105) ; Timworth (Nurse, EMM. 1907, p. 67); Somerleyton (Trans! G. A-fasciatus, Fab.—Locally common: Blakenham in 1923, Southwold, Henstead, Thorndon. G. laticinctus, Lep.—Taken at Barton Mills in August 1901 (Hamm, in lit.). Not seen since. Nysson spinosus, Fab.—Extremely local : Ipswich (Baylis), Cop dock (Hocking) and Bentley. N. dimidiatus, Jur.—Singly : a male at Bury in 1903 (Tuck) ; Easton cliff and Shrubland Park. Didineis lunicornis, Fab.—A male on Alexanders at Felixstow c 20 August 1900. Mellinus arvensis, L—Abundant everywhere, preying on Mus and Anthomyid Diptera. M. sabulosus, Fab.—Local: Burgh Castle, etc. Cf. Shuck. 206 Smith, Foss. Hym. 116. Cerceris ornata, Schaff—Martlesham, Covehithe, Frostenden and abundant at Shrubland. C. arenaria, Linn—Tostock, Sept. 1902 (Tuck); rare at Shrubland and Barton Mills in 1921.


THE HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOI.K.

51

C. 5-fasciata, L. (interrupta, Suff. Cat.).—Copdock (Hocking), Bentley, Tuddenham, etc. C. labiata, Fab.—Copdock (Hocking), Southwold (Saunders), Ipswich, Slakenham, Foxhall. Oxybelus uniglumis, Linn.—The commonest Suffolk fossor; Dunwich (Blair), etc. O. mandibularis, Dhlb.—Tuddenham, July 1916 (Harwood); Elveden (Nurse, EMM. 1907, p. 67). O. mucronatus, Fab.—One male at Tuddenham (Nurse, loc. cit.) ; not rare about Brandon. Crabro tibialis, Fab.—Barton Mills, 1901 (Hamm), Barnby Broad, and in Monks Soham garden. C. clavipes, Linn. , Sufficiently common everywhere; C. leucostomus, L. t Needham (Platten), etc. C. pubescens, Shuck.—Both sexes taken at Ampton (Nurse, EMM. 1907, p. 67); Tostock, etc. C. cetratus, Shuck.—Not seen tili 22 May 1933, when a single male was captured at Brandon staunch (Morley). C. capilosus, Shuck.—Rare : Copdock (Hocking), in May and June on Monks Soham windows. C. podagricus, Lind.—Common everywhere. C". gonager, Lep.—Not uncommon in Monks Soham garden at dead-wilow, 1920-22 only. C. palmipcs, Linn.—Dunwich (Blair); generally distributed from Brandon to Barham. C. varius, Lep.—Brandon district (Perkins) and staunch; Staverton, Brandeston, Monks Soham. C. anxius, Wesm.—Tostock, 11 Aug. 1896 (Tuck : Tr. Norf. Soc. 1897); Easton and Covehithe 1924. C. Wesmah, Lind.—Brandon, 1903 (Chitty), Dunwich, 1926 (Blair); widely distributed. C. elongatulus, Lind.—Common everywhere. C. palmarius, Schrb.—Ipswich (Rothney), Tuddenham (Harwood), Timworth, etc. (EMM. 1907, p. 67). C. 4-maculatus, Dhlb.—Abundant. C. dimidiatus, Fab.—Extremely local: Lowestoft very common, 1858 (Smith); Monks Soham, very rare; Shipmeadow. C. signatus, Panz.—Rarely taken on Monks Soham house-windows in July 1924. C. lituratus, Panz.—Three at Timworth about 1908 (Nurse); Parham Wood on 10 July 1922. C. vagabundus, Panz. \ C cavifrons, Thms. (ccphalotes, Suff. Cat.). AU ite common. L. chrysostoma, Lep. C. cribrarius, Linn. J C. vagus, Linn.—Occurs only singly : Barton Mills, Tuddenham, Gunton, Ipswich. C. interruptus, DeG.—Rare : Tostock, July 1896 and Aug. 1897 (Tuck); Copdock, 1900 (Hocking).


52

THE HYMENOPTERA OF

SUFFOLK.

C. peltarius, Schrb.—Breck (Harwood), Dunwich (Blair); common all over the County. C. scutellatus, Sch.—Mutford, Frostenden, Easton cliff, Westleton, Dunwich, Shipmeadow, Kettleburgh, Framlingham. C. albilabris, Fab.—Frequently seen on umbelliferous flowers. C. Panzeri, Lind.—Formerly mixed with the last here ; Hoxne Wood on 14 July 1921, etc. C. Kiesenwetteri, Mrtz.—Both sexes found, New to Britain, at Ampton and West Stow in June 1912 (Nurse, E M M . 1913, p. 83); later at Barton Mills and Judes Bridge. Entomognathus brevis, Lind.—Rare since 1899 : Tuddenham Fen, Fordley and Bramford only. Group DIPLOPTERA.—Social-wasps. Vespa crabro, Linn.—The Hörnet is generally distributed, not common : Woolpit (Rasor), etc. V. vulgaris, Linn.—Common Wasps are too abundant everywhere. V. Germanica, Fab.—Hardly commoner than the last species. V. rufa, Linn.—Not infrequent in marshy places everywhere. V. sylvestris, Scop.—The Tree-building Wasp is generally distributed. V. Norvegica, Fab.—Nests at Sudbury, 1916 (Ransom), Tostock, Lowestoft, Aldeburgh (Tuck). Odynerus spinipes, Linn.—Copdock, Ampton, Redgrave, Burgh Castle and Frostenden. O. callosus, Thms.—Commonest of the genus. O. parietum, Linn.—Hoo, Leiston, Dunwich, Southwold, Brandeston. O. bifasciatus, L.—Both sexes at Tostock, 1895 and 1897 (EMM. 1902, p. 106; Tr. Norf. Soc. vii, 526). O. pictus, Curt.—Dunwich (Blair), Monks Soham and Oulton Broad in 1922. O. trimarginatus, Zett.—Pakefield, Lowestoft, Southwold [delete the 1899 Tostock record], O. trifasciatus, Oliv.—Brandon (Chitty), Copdock (Hocking), Barnby, Bentley, Monks Soham. O. parietinus, Linn.—Copdock (Hocking), Dunwich (Blair); the commonest kind at Monks Soham. O. Antilope, Panz.—Local: Ingham (Nurse, E M M . 1907, p. 67); nesting in Ashby church-wall. O. gracilis, Brul.—Copdock (Hocking), Dunwich (Blair), Barton Mills, Monks Soham garden. O. sinuatus, Fab.—Copdock (Hocking), Bentley Woods, Thorndon, Easton cliff and Southwold. Polistes crinitus, Feit.—Added in ' ObserKations,' post. [The Second Portion will directly follow.]

The Hymenoptera of Suffolk: Part i  
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