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SOME RECENT SUFFOLK PLANT RECORDS

compiled by E. M. HYDE and F. W. SIMPSON For each record the following information is given: locality and habitat, Ordnance Survey 10 km. Square, vice-county, finder's name or initials (see key at end of article) and date of record. The comments are those of the Compilers, based in some cases on information supplied by the Anders. The nomenclature and order of the species are with very few exceptions those of Flora Europaea. The Compilers wish to thank the specialists who determined, or confirmed the identity of, specimens, especially Eric Clement, who, over the years, has generously given his time and expertise. Simpsons Flora of Suffolk is used as the authority for claiming first and second County records. Gymnocarpium robertianum ( H o f f m . ) Newm., Limestone Fern. Campsey Ash, four specimens on mid-19th. Century brick wall, TM35, v.c. 25, FWS, 1983. Other ferns on this wall: Asplenium trichomanes L., A. adiantum-nigrum L., A. ruta-muraria L., Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newm. and Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott. A n Ipswich site for this fern recorded in Simpson's Flora of Suffolk has now been destroyed by demolition. This was a factory wall in Tower Ramparts. Also destroyed was the fine colony of Adiantum capillus-veneris L. and Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newm., illustrated in the Flora. Polypodium spp. Though now absent from certain areas, Polypody in the aggregate is a comparatively common fern in Suffolk. It has been recorded from almost all the 10 km. squares in the County, but the actual distribution of the two species so far recorded, and of their hybrid, is not yet fully known. It has, however, long been clear that Polypodium vulgare L. is rare, whereas P. interjectum Shivas is more frequent. Simpson (1982) records the former from two squares only since 1950, while P. interjectum has eight such records. Because of the difficulty of identifying the species, a number of specimens were sent early in 1983 to Mr. R . H. Roberts, who had kindly agreed to determine them. The account which follows includes all these determinations and a few separate records made by IMV, F E and G W M . Polypodium vulgare L., Polypody. (i) Polstead, small colony on roadside verge near Stack Wood, TL94, v.c. 26, E M H , 30/1/83. Conf. R H R , 4/83. Hb. E & M H . The second record for West Suffolk. (ii) Bentley, one large clump on the edge of Dodnash Wood, TM13, v.c. 25, E M H , 1/1/83. Conf. R H R , 4/83. Hb. E & M H . The second record for East Suffolk. (iii) Boyton, hedgebanks just north of village and near Boyton Hall, TM34, v.c. 25, I M V and F E , Sept. 1983.

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Polypodium interjectum Shivas, Intermediate Polypody. (i) East Bergholt, hedgebank, TM03, v.c. 25, EMH, 13/2/83. Det. R H R , 4/83. Hb. E & MH. (ii) Wetheringsett, two sites on hedgebanks, TM16, v.c. 25, EMH, Jan. 1983. Det. R H R , 4/83. Hb. E & MH. (iii) Eye, in woodland, TM17, v.c. 25, E M H , 16/1/83. Conf. R H R , 4/83. Hb. E & MH. (iv) Mendham, TM28, v.c. 25, IMV, 1982. (v) Bungay, TM38, v.c. 25, GWM, 1982. Polypodium x mantoniae Rothm. (P. interjectum x P. vulgare) (i) Polstead, a large colony almost opposite that of P. vulgare above, TL94, v.c. 26, E M H , 30/1/83. (ii) East Bergholt, on bank under trees, TM03, v.c. 25, EMH, 2/1/83. (iii) Bentley, edge of Dodnash Wood, TM13, v.c. 25, EMH, 1/1/83. (iv) Wetheringsett, a vigorous colony above deep ditch, TM16, v.c. 25, E M H , 16/1/83. All determined by R H R , 4/83. This hybrid is probably widespread in the County, but these are the first Suffolk records. All in Hb. E & MH. Soleirolia soleirolii (Req.) Dandy, Mind-your-own-Business. Brandon, on old garden wall in Country Park, TL78, v.c. 26, EMH, 25/5/81. The second record for West Suffolk. Surely an overlooked plant. Viscum album L., Mistletoe. (i) Bures St. Mary, on Robinia pseudoacacia L. (False Acacia) at Great Roper's Hall, TL93, v.c. 26. (ii) Thorington Street, near the old Water Mill, on Prunus cerasifera Ehr. (Myrobolan or Cherry Plum), TM03, v.c. 26. Both records, KTB, in litt., 20/4/83. These are the first Suffolk records for Mistletoe on these hosts. Chenopodium hybridum L., Maple-leaved Goosefoot. (i) Brandon, pavement weed, TL78, v.c. 26, E M H , 24/8/83. (ii) Brockley, weed in rose-bed. Six Beils public house, TL85, v.c. 26, EMC, 8/83. (iii) Bildeston, weed in garden of Crown Hotel, TL94, v.c. 26, JH, 8/83. Det. C. J. King. (iv) Ipswich, waste ground off Woodbridge Rd., TM14, v.c. 25, MAH, 10/81. All Single plants. Chenopodium murale L., Nettle-leaved Goosefoot. (i) Bungay, TM39, v.c. 25, GWM, 14/10/83. Conf. Dr. A. C. Leslie. About half a dozen plants on soil disturbed through work on the Bungay By-pass. (ii) Burgh Castle, one plant by road near Church, TG40, v.c. 25, EMH, 22/8/83.

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Minuartia hybrida (Vill.) Schischkin, Fine-leaved Sandwort. Barton Mills, inside edge of verge alongside arable field, TL77, v.c. 26, FWS, 29/5/83. Colony of about one hundred specimens of this decreasing or overlooked species. Agrostemma githago L., Com Cockle. Friston, a number of plants appeared in garden (TM45) and on Playing Field (TM46), formerly arable, v.c. 25, Mrs. Foster, 16/7/83. Silene gallica L., Small-flowered Catchfly. (i) Tunstall, in sandy area of abandoned cultivation, TM35, v.c. 25, IMV, 24/6/83. One considerable colony. (ii) Thorpeness, just outside garden, TM45, v.c. 25, B & RC-H et al., 16/7/83. Adonis annua L., Pheasant's Eye. Walberswick, TM47, v.c. 25, JP, 5/7/83. Comm. PGL. A rare casual, last recorded in Suffolk in about 1960. A few plants first appeared here as a garden weed in 1982. They had never been sown by the owner, and possibly originated from a cornfield adjacent to the garden. Thalictrum minus L., Lesser Meadow Rue. Aldringham, one specimen on grassy edge of sand-pit, TM46, v.c. 25, FWS, 16/7/83. Papaver lecoqii Lamotte, Babington's Poppy. Recorded by J H as a garden weed on the first occasion in her garden at Haughley, TM06, v.c. 26, in August 1981, and then in her new garden at Hitcham, TL95, v.c. 26, in 1983. Very rare in Suffolk, but twice now recorded in Hitcham in the last three years! (Hyde etal., 1981.) Papaver Orientale L., Oriental Poppy. (i) Holbrook, several plants on roadside verge, TM13, v.c. 25, EMH, 13/4/80. Not near houses, but presumably garden throw-outs Still there, 1983. (ii) Ipswich, one plant, Dales Road old brickyard behind houses, TM14, v.c. 25, MAH, 28/4/81. Another on heathland on the edge of the town' M A H , 5/6/81. (iii) Snape, established specimen on roadside verge, not outside house or garden, TM35, v.c. 25, FWS, June 1983. The flowers were picked soon after opening. Lepidium virginicum L. sensu lato. Landguard Common, TM23, v.c. 25, AC, 1982. Det. EJC, 1983. A rare casual in Britain, of N. American origin. One plant only found. First Suffolk record.

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Umbilicus rupestris (Salisb.) Dandy, Navelwort. Blaxhall, on old brick garden wall, TM35, v.c. 25, IMV, 25/6/83. One of only two extant sites in Suffolk for a species which is almost confined to the West of Britain. Mrs. Vaughan thinks that the plant may well have been in the same site, or close by, for up to a hundred years, and may possibly have been introduced by her father when a young man. Potentilla recta L., Sulphur Cinquefoil. Ipswich, Piper's Vale, on disturbed soil, site of former swimming pool, TM14, v.c. 25, TH, July 1983. Comtn. PMB. Potentilla anglica Laicharding, Trailing Tormentil. Leiston, marshes near the sea, TM46, v.c. 25, IMV and PFC, 12/8/83. Conf. Dr. B. Harold, 1/84. Hb. E & MH. A native plant, apparently rare in Suffolk, though possibly confused with P.erecta (L.) Rausch., Common Tormentil. Further records would be welcomed. Alchemilla mollis (Buser) Rothm., Lady's Mantle. Sproughton, naturalised from original planting at entrance to drive, TM14, v.c. 25, PMB, 1983. The first Suffolk record. Cotoneaster bullatus Bois Ipswich, one fruiting bush in thinly wooded part of Dales Road old brickyard, TM14, v.c. 25, M A H , 6/9/81. First Suffolk record. Genista tinctoria L., Dyer's Greenweed. (i) Cookley, small colonies on roadside verge, TM37, v.c. 25, FWS, 4/8/83. (ii) Holton, extensive area in Park, TM47, v.c. 25, PGL, 1983. Colutea arborescens L., Bladder Senna. (i) Tattingstone, one bush with both flowers and the characteristic seedpods, at edge of Alton Water, TM13, v.c. 25, HJL, 4/7/83. (ii) Woodbridge, Bury Hill, on builder's spoil heap, TM25, v.c. 25, ES, 1/8/83. Comm. CAG. Hb. E & MH. Vicia narbonensis L., Purple Broad Bean. Icklingham, established colony on grassy edge of plantation, TL77, v.c. 26, ALB et al., 12/6/83. Site and a variable number of plants known to FWS since 1976, but the species not determined and therefore not recorded in the Flora. First record for West Suffolk. Lathyruspalustris L., Marsh Pea. Lakenheath, TL68, v.c. 26, Single plants in fruit on tussocks of Carex elata All. (Tufted Sedge), GC and MGR, 22/8/83. Comm. GC. A decreasing species, still surviving in a few marshes in the County. Trifolium fragiferum L., Strawberry Clover. (i) Rede, several patches on roadside verge, TL85, v.c. 26, HC, 31/7/83.

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(ii) Sudbury, nearriver, TL84, v.c. 26, AAB, 1983. Though Strawberry Clover is recorded in Simpson's Flora from a large number of 10km. squares in West Suffolk, we suspect that verge-cutting and the ploughing-up of pastures may have reduced its incidence. More recent West Suffolk records would be welcomed. Anthyllis vulneraria L., Kidney Vetch. (i) Brundon, Sudbury, TL84, v.c. 19 in Suffolk, A A B , 1982. Not previously recorded from this area. (ii) Westleton, quite a few plants in area of forest clear felled in 1981, TM47, v.c. 25, PGL, 1/7/83. An interesting record. This species was thought to be now restricted in East Suffolk to the Barham, Needham Market, Coddenham area. Oxalis incarnata L. (i) Ipswich, persistent garden weed from original introduction from Ireland c. 30 years ago, TM14, v.c. 25, FWS, 1983. (ii) Orford, several patches beside footpath between houses, TM44 v c 25 E M H , 11/10/81. Det. R. P. Libbey, 10/81. A native of S. Africa. It has very pale lilac petals with darker veins. Because it produces bulbils both in the leaf axils and below ground (RPL, in litt.), it can soon become invasive in the garden. These are the only Suffolk records. Geranium sanguineum L., Bloody Cranesbill. Snape, on roadside bank and in churchyard, TM35, v.c. 25, FWS, 1983. Euphorbia esula L., Leafy Spurge. Ipswich, established colony beside railway track, Woodbridee Road TM14, v.c. 25, FWS, 1983. Lavatera arborea L., Tree Mallow. Polstead, TL93, v.c. 26, EM-R, 26/7/83. First seen in 1982 in derelict garden, now spread to roadside verge. Two plants 8' tall, not yet in flower Still there, 1984. First record for West Suffolk. Hedera colchica (C. Koch) C. Koch, Persian Ivy. Ipswich, established in old hedge, Cliff Lane, TM14, v.c. 25, FWS 18/11/83. Bupleurum fruticosum L., Shrubby Hare's Ear. Woodbridge, several clumps established on bank outside garden near the Cemetery, TM24, v.c. 25, PGL, 4/12/83. Hb. E & MH. Possibly regenerating from seed, freely produced. First Suffolk record. Cyclamen hederifolium Ait., Sowbread. Great Bealings, one specimen on roadside verge, TM24, FWS, 29/3/83. Not outside house or garden.

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Symphytum ibiricum Steven, Creeping Comfrey. Ipswich, on the Westerfeld side, TM14, v.c. 25, MAH, 17/4/81. Hb. E & MH. Afloweringcolony established on roadside verge, not near houses, or any obvious source of introduction. Symphytum caucasicum Bieb. Rushmere St. Andrew, a small colony in churchyard, TM14, v.c. 25, FWS, 22/4/83. Callitriche obtusangula Le Gall, Blunt-fruited Water Starwort. Oulton Broad, TM59, v.c. 25, GWM, 3/7/83. Conf. PGL. An underrecorded Water Starwort of both fresh and brackish water. There are only a handful of previous records for East Suffolk. VeronicafiliformisSm., Slender Speedwell. (i) Ipswich, New Cemetery, abundant in turf, TM14, v.c. 25, MAH, 27/3/81. Still there, 1983. (ii) Wilby, abundant in lawn and on roadside verge, Rookery Farm, TM27, v.c. 25, FWS, 27/7/83. (iii) Frostenden, in lawn, White House Farm, TM48, v.c. 25, FWS, 16/8/83. Lathraea squamaria L., Toothwort. Barking, TM05, v.c. 25, HB and JS, 27/4/83. A large colony was discovered in private woodland, growing on coppice stools of Hazel and Ash. An important record for a species very rare in East Anglia. This is the only known extant site for Toothwort in the whole of the County. However, we have many suitable sites and it may well have been missed. Orobanche minor Sm. var. lutea Tourlet, Lesser Broomrape. (i) Thorpeness, large colony, c. 160 specimens on uncut lawn, on Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr. and other plants, TM45, v.c. 25, B & RC-H et al., 16/7/83. (ii) Westleton, several specimens on Trifolium repens L., TM46, v.c. 25, FWS, June 1983. Lonicera xylosteum L., Fly Honeysuckle. Haughley, TM06, v.c. 26, JH, 1977. Still there, 1983. Appeared in gateway, not planted by owner. Valerianella carinata Loisel., Keeled Com Salad. Boyton, a garden weed, TM34, v.c. 25, IMV, 7/8/83. Hb. E & MH. Described by thefinderas a 'dainty pale blue cloud', when in fĂźll flower. Valerianella dentata (L.) Poll., Narrow-fruited Com Salad. Wrentham, abundant in churchyard, TM48, v.c. 25, CPB and EB, 24/5/83. Comm. PGL. A rare introduced annual, which, like the preceding species, can only be identified with certainty when ripe fruits are present. Trans. Suffolk Nat. Soc. 20


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Dipsacuspilosus L., Small Teasel. (i) Hitcham, growing in stream near public house, TL95, v.c. 26, JH, 1983. (ii) Pakenham, large colony in old chalk-pit, TL96, v.c. 26, E M H , 1981-3. (iii) Ipswich, several plants beside Belstead Brook, TM14, v.c. 25, E M H and M A H , 4/10/80. Still there, 1983. (iv) Bruisyard, small colony, roadside verge and ditch outside Bruisyard Wood, TM36, v.c. 25, FWS, 4/8/83. (v) Heveningham, TM37, v.c. 25, PGL, 23/8/83. A large colony in poplar plantation by River Blyth in Hall grounds, adjacent to public footpath. Also recorded by FWS. Perhaps not as scarce as previously thought. Inula helenium L., Elecampane. (i) Hasketon, large colony by moat, TM25, v.c. 25, JW, 1983, and for several years previously. (ii) Wilby, established colonies outside two old farm houses, TM27, v.c. 25, FWS, 23/7/83. Xanthium strumarium L., Rough Cocklebur. Hitcham, one plant appeared in garden, TL95, v.c. 26, JH, 1983. Hb. E & MH. A rare casual, possibly originating in wild bird seed. This particular plant developed into a well-branched specimen about 4' tall. Tagetespatula L., French Marigold. Ipswich, several specimens of this familiar garden plant on waste ground off Goddard Rd., TM14, v.c. 25, E M H , 10/10/83. Hb. E & MH. First Suffolk record. Leucanthemella serotina (L.) Tzvelev. Autumn Ox-eye. (= Chrysanthemum uliginosum (Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.) Pers.) Stonham Aspal, roadside ditch, into which it had spread from abandoned garden, TM16, v.c. 25, EMH, 21/10/79. Still there, 1983, but becoming overgrown. Conf. EJC, 10/79. Hb. E & MH. A tall, strong-growing perennial, branched above, bearing Clusters of off-white flowers, about two inches across. No longer a common garden plant. A native of E. Europe. First Suffolk record. Tragopogon porrifolius L., Salsify. Boxford, many plants in roadside cutting on by-pass, TL94, v.c. 26, HM, 12/6/83. Det. C A G . One of only two extant sites in West Suffolk. Butomus umbellatus L., Flowering Rush. (i) Sudbury, in R. Stour, 8 flower heads, TL84, v.c. 26, A A B , 1983. (ii) Long Melford, also in R. Stour, TL84, v.c. 26, HC, 1983. This plant has also returned in some strength to the R. Gipping in Ipswich. Several flowering clumps were noted in 1983 by EMC, HC, M A H and others. Colchicum autumnale L., Autumn Crocus. Whepstead Churchyard, TL85, v.c. 26, SM, Sept. 1983. Comm. EMC.

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About thirty buds and flowers in rough grass in a long-disused part of the graveyard. The only recent record from West Suffolk. Tulipa sylvestris L., Wild Tulip. Sudbury, five flowers on roadside bank, TL84, v.c. 26, AAB, 1983. Probably of garden origin, but an interesting survival. Muscari comosum (L.) Mill., Tassel Hyacinth. Friston, Single flowering specimen in corner of Playing Field, TM46, v.c. 25, Mrs. Foster, 16/7/83. Det. FWS. Probably a garden throw-out. Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten., Grape Hyacinth. Melton, about twenty flower spikes on steep bank outside houses, TM25, v.c. 25, E M H , April 1983. About seventeen flowers also noted (FWS and EMH) at foot of wooded slope, Notcutt's Nurseries, Woodbridge, April 1983, TM24, v.c. 25. Ipheion uniflorum( R. C. Graham) Rafln., Spring Star-flower. Three new sites for an increasingly recorded garden outcast. (i) Long Melford, roadside verge, TL84, v.c. 26, Mrs. Howard, 3/5/83. First record for West Suffolk. (ii) Stowupland, under hedge near Thorney Green, TM06, v.c. 25, MJFT, 29/3/83. Det. C A G . Second record for East Suffolk. (iii) Chelmondiston, by field path, TM23, v.c. 25, MAH, 12/4/83. Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All., Common Solomon's Seal. Herringswell, small colony in old plantation, TL76, v.c. 26, FWS, 10/7/83. Crocus spp. Two new species of autumn-flowering Crocus were found naturalised in the County in 1983. Specimens from three sites were sent to Kew, where Mr. B. Mathew identified them as follows: Crocus kotschyanus Koch (i) Stowmarket, TM05, v.c. 26, OODS, 17/10/83. Det. B. Mathew, 11/83. Hb. E & MH. About seven or eight flowers in an area of rough grass and trees by a public footpath. First seen in 1982. Presumably cast out of a garden at some earlier date. (ii) Shrubland Park, TM15, v.c. 25, D & AMcC, and E M H , during a private visit, 2/10/83. Det. B. Mathew, 11/83. Hb. E & MH. Naturalised in abundance in a small meadow in the Park. The flowers of this species are pale lilac with darker veins and orange blotches in the throat. Crocuspulchellus Herb. Bildeston, TL94, v.c. 26, JH, 10/10/83. Det. B. Mathew, 11/83. Hb. E & MH. About seven or eight flowers in various parts of the churchyard. Flowers pale bluish lilac with white anthers and a yellow throat.

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84 Suffolk Natural History, Vol. 20 Tritonia x crocosmiiflora (Lemoine) Nicholson, Montbretia. (i) Ipswich, Fishpond Covert, TM14,25, EMH, 30/8/83. Many plants, some inflower,at the edge of the wood, naturalised from garden rubbish. (ii) Felixstowe, on waste ground near Landguard Common, TM23, v.c. 25 EMH, October 1983. Juncus ranarius Song. & Perr. Landguard Common, on damp mud of dried-out brackish pool, TM23 v.c. 25, AC, 17/9/83. Conf. Dr. C. A. Stace, 1983. First substantiated rec for Suffolk for this member of the Juncus bufonius group. X Festulolium loliaceum (Huds.) P. Fourn. (= Festuca prate perenne) Stowmarket, extensive colony near R. Gipping, TM05, v.c. 25, EAE, 23/6/83. Bromus erectus Huds., Upright Brome. Gt. Ashfield, in wet pasture on chalky Boulder Clay, TL96, v.c. 26, PJO 3/6/83. Comm. EM-R. Not previously seen in this habitat (PJOT). Mibora minima (L.) Desv., Early Sand-grass. Woodbridge, Notcutt's Nurseries, TM24, v.c. 25, JA, 10/4/81. Comm. RMP, March 1983. First recorded here in 1936, but believed to have becom extinct, until Mr. Payne's report was received. Many plants of this tiny gras seen infloweron fallow land, 17/4/83 (FWS and EMH). Vulpia unilateralis (L.) Stace, Matgrass Fescue. Barham Pit, on open eroded areas of scree, TM15, v.c. 25, JWD, Ju 1983. Conf. Dr. C. A. Stace. Specimen in Ipswich Museum Herbarium. A introduced grass, formerly known as Nardurus maritimus (L.) Murb spread in the Mediterranean region. First Suffolk record. Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv., Cockspur Grass. (i) Lakenheath, High Bridge, TL78, v.c. 26, MGR, 1983. Comm. GC, 8/8 (ii) Aldringham, a few plants in garden of Almshouses, TM46, v.c. 25, Mr Amlet, 2/11/83. Det. FWS. Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop., Crab-grass. (i) Monks Eleigh, garden specimen, probably from cage-bird seed, TL94 v.c. 26, AW, 26/8/83. Det. JWD. The second record for West Suffolk (ii) Shottisham, specimen appeared in newly dug garden, probably from bird-seed waste, TM34, v.c. 25, AGM, 20/10/83. Conf. FWS. Setaria italica (L.) Beauv., Foxtail Millet. Ipswich, several plants in Crown St. (det. EJC) and in St. Stephen's Lan TM14, v.c. 25, EMH, 10/83. Other casual grasses seen in Ipswich this y include Panicum miliaceum L., in at least six places (EMH, FWS). Lemna minuscula Herter (i) Orford, in a drainage dyke behind the sea wall, TM44, v.c. 25, AM 29/8/83. Trans. Suffolk Nat. Soc. 20


85 (ii) Ipswich, in old Canal, Holywells Park, TM14, v.c. 25, FWS, 16/11/83. Both records confirmed by Dr. A. C. Leslie. These are thefirstand second Suffolk records for this introduced Duckweed, a native of North and South America. Not yet recorded from West Suffolk. SOME RECENT SUFFOLK PLANT RECORDS

Carex pendula Huds., Pendulous Sedge. Wissett, several specimens in ditch and beside pond. A new site. TM37, v.c. 25, FWS, 23/7/83. This species is not frequent in north Suffolk, though possibly overlooked. Carex strigosa Huds., Thin-spiked Wood Sedge. (i) Ipswich, marshy woodland by Belstead Brook, TM14, v.c. 25, EMH and MAH, 1982. (ii) Benhall, two colonies in old wood, TM36, v.c. 25, FWS, 16/6/83. (iii) Wilingham, small colony in damp Clearing in wood, TM48, v.c. 25, FWS, 30/8/83. Carex demissa Hรถrnern., Common Yellow Sedge. Leiston, in marshes, TM46, v.c. 25, IMV and PFC, 12/8/83. Conf. R. W. David, 11/83. One of very few recent records. Carex ericetorum Poll., Silvery Heath Sedge. Worlington, Single specimen on edge of Golf Course, TL77, v.c. 26, FWS, 29/5/83. Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall., Autumn Lady's Tresses. Theberton, in lawn in garden, TM46, v.c. 25, RJW, 1983. Comm. EM-R. Thefirstrecord for this Orchid since 1957, and now the only known site in Suffolk. Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soรถ ssp. ericetorum (Linton) P. F. Hunt & Summerhayes, Heath Spotted Orchid. Drinkstone, small colony in ancient rough pasture, TL96, v.c. 26, FWS, 28/6/83.

Dactylorhiza x grandis (Druce) P. F. Hunt, Leopard Spotted Orchid. (= Dactylorhiza fuchsii X D.praetermissa) Worlington, in damp hollow in chalky site with D. praetermissa (Druce) Soรถ, TL77, v.c. 26, FWS, 10/7/83. Other interesting species at this site included Ophioglossum vulgatum L., Valeriana dioica L. and Carex p L. Ophrys apifera Huds., Bee Orchid. Dallinghoo, an unusual variety with the two inner perianth segments (petals) not small and velvety, but developed to about half the size and colour of the other segments (sepals), very similar to the ssp. jurana Ruppert, TM25, v.c. 25, FWS, 24/6/83. This was the only specimen among a colony of twentyfloweringspikes. Trans. Suffolk Nat. Soc. 20


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Rieda fluitans L., Floating Liverwort. Hintlesham, in woodland pond, TM04, v.c. 25, FWS, 15/3/83. Although I have visited this pond annually for many years, this Liverwort had not been observed previously at this site. Probably introduced by Duck, Common Mallard, which frequent this and other ponds in the area. Key to contributors Appleyard, Mrs. J. JA Barnett, H. HB Barsted, C. P. CPB Beaumont, Dr. E. EB Boucher, Mrs. A. M AMB Brinkley, P. M. PMB Brown, Dr. K . T . KTB Bull, A. L. ALB Butcher, A. A. AAB Cammell, MissP. F. PFC Cawston, MissH. HC Clement, E. J. EJC Coe, Mrs. E. M. EMC Copinger-Hill, The MissesB. and R. B & R C - H Copping,A. AC Crompton, Mrs. G. GC Digby, J. W. JWD Ellis, Dr. E. A. EAE Evans, Miss F. FE Green, Mrs. C. A. CAG Harris, Mrs. J. JH Hutton, T. TH Hyde, Mrs. E. M. EMH

Hyde, M. A. MAH Lawson, P. G. PGL Lee, H. J. HJL Maybury, G. W. GWM McClintock, Mr. and Mrs. D. D & AMcC Mendel, H. HM Milne-Redhead,E. EM-R Morgan, Mrs. A. G. AGM Morley, Mrs. S. SM Payne, R. M. RMP Perry, Mrs. J. JP Rutterford, M. G. MGR Sheppy, Mrs. O. O. D. O O D S Simpson, F. W. FWS Spencer, J. JS Szlichcinska, Mrs. E. ES Taylor, M. J. F. MJFT Trist, P. J. O. PJOT Vaughan, Mrs. I. M. IMV Watchman, A. AW Wolton, Mrs. J. JW Woolnough, R. J. RJW

References Hyde, E. M., Hyde, M. A., & Simpson, F. W. (1981). Some Recent Plant Records, Trans. Suffolk Nat. Soc. 18, 235. Simpson, F. W. (1982). Simpson's Flora of Suffolk. Ipswich. Tutin, T. G. etal., eds. (1964-1980). Flora Europaea, 1-5. Cambridge. E. M. Hyde, Parkside, Woolverstone, Ipswich, Suffolk IP9 1AR.

F. W. Simpson, 40 Ruskin Road, Ipswich, Suffolk IP4 1PT.

Survey of reptiles and amphibians I am carrying out a survey of reptiles and amphibians in the county, the results of which I hope to publish in 1985 in the form of a provisional atlas. If members have records which I could incorporate into the survey, I would be grateful if they would send them to me at this address: Suffolk Biological Records Centre, The Museum, High Street, Ipswich.

Trans. Suffolk Nat. Soc. 20

Some recent Suffolk plant records  

Hyde, E.M. & Simpson, F. W.

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