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THE LEPIDOPTERA OF SUFFOLK. Second Supplement. BY THE REV. A. P. WALLER, M.A., F . E . S .

the year 1900, when the late rector E. N. Bloomfield of Guestling in Sussex, a Suffolk man, issued a First Supplement to his 1890 " Lepidoptera of Suffolk " comprising the species then known to occur in this County, no attempt, that I am aware of, has been made to bring our knowledge up to date. In the present Second Supplementary list of additions to the above very füll ones, the Macro-Lepidoptera will be few, but these are notable insects, especially the Leucania vitellina that Mr. Chester G. Doughty took at Gorleston. It is quite •otherwise with the Micro-Lepidoptera, for a large number of further kinds were recorded during at least the first decade of this Century. To Mr. Bloomfield I am indebted for notes and lists, which he occasionally sent me up to the time of his death in April, 1914 ; and I gladly acknowledge that, in following in his steps, it is mainly due to his energy and enthusiasm I have been able to get together such a füll list of additions. To our energetic Hon. Secretary I owemuch spade-work among the periodicals, and considerable details about the County in general. My thanks are also due to Colonel Nurse, formerly •of Timworth Hall, for sending me a list of species taken some years ago by him, mostly in West Suffolk and many of great rarity. For more recent information I have to thank the Bishop, Dr. Whittingham ; and, as his observations cover the last few years, they are of especial value upon that account.

SINCE

[Mr. Waller has considered it advisable here to retain nomenclature in accordance with the former Lists : such can be brought up to date, sec. Staudinger, etc., in a complete revised account of our Butterflies and Moths, which the Suff. Nat. Soc. hopes to publish in due course.—Ed.] RHOPALOCERA. Parnassius Apollo, Linn.—A mere visitant. One captured at Thorpe near Aldeburgh on 10 ix 1928 (Mrs. Webb ; cf. p. 13, supra). Anosia plexippns, Linn.—A mere visitant. Of the rare Monarch or " Milkweed Butterfly, I have seen a large specimen on the wing, but I had not my net, and so was unable to catch i t " (T. Barratt, Claremont, Felixstow, in " Country Side Mag." 29 ix 1906, p. 275 : where the Editor points out that this is an Indian species. [It extends to New Zealand, but has been several times


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taken in Britain where it was first seen in 1876 and is no commoner in Europe, which it reaches by way of the Himalayas. I wrote to the recorder and he replied " T h e A. plexippus was seen by my son, whilst riding through the Avenue here in Felixstowe ; it crossed close in front of him ; he is a careful observer and teils me that he is perfectly certain as to his accuracy " (T. S. Barratt, Bell Moor, Hampstead Heath, London, in lit. 1 x 1906). Many kinds of the Himalayan fauna are palsearctic and extend from India to Britain : cf. my 1913 " Fauna of India," p. vii.—C. M.] Polyommatus dispar, Haw.—Our right to the superb Large Copper rests, not as Bloomfield supposed (page 55) upon Stephens' " Illustrations" but, upon Miss Jermvn's personal Observation of 1827 at " Benacre, Suffolk." Hence, I think, we are justified in believing P. dispar did, at that period, occur on our east coast at Benacre Broad, which is still pretty well in its pristine condition of wildness, and just such a place as should harbour the species. Also the coeval John Curtis has entered in his MS. register (cf. EMM. 1904, p. 192), still preserved with his British collections in the Victoria National Museum at Melbourne, its record from " Suffolk, at Benacre." [Lycaena agestis, W.V., var. Artaxerxes, Fab.—Of this northern ab. of Aricia Medon, three were taken by Dr. David Sharp on Lakenheath Warren some time in the 'sixties, i.e., 1860-70, and were during one season not uncommon there ; they are now in H. Douglas Smart's collection. This is the most southern record (Entom. 1918, p. 92).] HETEROCERA. SPHINGES.

Deilephila lineata, Fab.—A specimen was taken at Felixstow on Ist September, 1904, by G. R. Hope, Havering Grange, Romford (EMM. 1904, p. 256). BOMBYCES.

Hepialus velleda, Hub.—Richard Tyrer records this Swift from Eye, during August, 1859 (Entom. Weekly Intell. vii, p. 43), most likely correctly, since his captures of it in Sherwood are duly entered in Prof. Carr's 1916 " Invert. Fauna of Notts." p. 222. Nola centonalis, Hub.—One taken at light in Hemley Rectory on 21st July, 1904 (Waller ; EMM. xl, p. 236). NOCTU^E.

Acronycta menyanthidis, Vw.—Recorded from Playford by Greene (Entom. Weekly Intelligencer ii, 1857, p. 11 : hitherto overlooked by our recorders.—CM.).


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Leucania vitellina, Hub.—A Single quite fresh specimen at sugar on the top of Gorleston Cliff, Ist October, 1922 (Doughty). L. albipuncta, Fab.—Hemley (Waller ; EMM. 1902, p. 263). L. obsoleta, Hub.—One at Lowestoft in 1903 by A. E. Tonge (Bloomfield, I.e. 1904, p. 80). Stilbia anomala, Haw.—Col. Nurse has seen a specimen taken in Suffolk by Lord Rendlesham ; I do not know the locality or date of capture. Noctua ditrapezium, Bk.—Four at sugar and one at light near Timworth (Nurse; Entom. 1911, p. 220).* Polia Chi, Linn.—Though very rare, no valid reason for this species' exclusion from Suffolk arises. Bloomfield seems to have merely overlooked Dr. Bree and Harper Crewe's record from Stowmarket. Hocking's from Copdock was an error. Aplecta tineta, Brah.—One specimen among Echium vulgare at Town Street in Brandon on 29th June, 1921 (Doughty, in lit. 3 vii 21). Plusia moneta, Fab.—Two at Battisford (Baker) ; one in Ipswich garden during 1920 (Miller) ; a garden pest in parts of East Suffolk (W. J. Hughes ; Entom. 1928, p. 186). GEOMETRIE.

Eupithecia innotata, Huf.—One bred from larva on mugwort near Aldeburgh, taken lOth September, 1900 and reared the following June (Mathew ; EMM. 1902, p. 247). PYRALIDES.

Botys nubilalis, Hub.—One of the pale yellow form of this " very rare species was taken at Felixstow durmg the summer of 1903 by A. E. Gibbs (Barrett; EMM. 1904, p. 89). Scoparia resinea, Haw.—Taken at Bungay in 1902, probably at light (Mrs. H. E. Mann). PTEROPHORI.

Mimceseoptilus phceodaäylus, Hub.—Felixstow in 1903 (A. E. Gibbs ; EMM. 1904, p. 80). Leioptilus osteodadylus, Zell.—Ipswich, one at light in August, 1901 (C. A. P y e t t ; I.e. 1902, p. 7). * T h e f r e q u e n c v of t h e species of Xanthia in s o m e y e a r s is w o r t h y of n o t e e g on 1 3 t h S e p t e m b e r , 1895, r e c t o r H o c k i n g of C o p d o c k t o o k t h e m all, e x c e p t i n g X.flavago, F a b . a n d X . ocellaris, B o r k . , in his g a r d e n t h e r e • t h e f o r m e r w a s c a p t u r e d t h e following d a y , a n d t h e l a t t e r o n b o t h 7 t h a n d 1 7 t h : y e t in 1897 n o t a s p e c i m e n of t h e g e n u s w a s s e e n ! (cf E M M 1895 p. 279 a n d 1902, p. 263 ; E n t o m . 1896, p. 66, e t c . ) . — E d .


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CRAMBI.

Crambus alpinellus, Hub.—One at light at Hemley in 1903 (Waller) ; also taken at Lowestoft (Entom. 1922, p. 258). C. ericellus, Hub.—Common in late May all over the chalky heaths of the Breck, e.g. Eriswell and Freckenham (Morley). C. fascelinellus, Hub.—Taken at Felixstow during July, 1902 (Gibbs and Pyett). Previously known only from near Yarmouth in Norfolk. Phycis subornatella, Dup.— Bungay, at light in 1906 (Mrs. Mann; EMM. 1908, p. 35). Melissoblaptes anellus, Schf.—Several, mostly at rest on palings near patches of sugar, and two settled in the daytime on a tarred shed on Landguard Common, in 1901 ; again, a nice series taken on fences at Felixstow one windy night in 1903 (Gibbs ; EMM. 1902, p. 7). TORTRICES.

Tortrix cratcegana, Hub.—Bentley Woods in 1901 and 1902 (Gibbs; EMM. 1902, p. 7). T. diversana, Hub.—Hemley in 1903 (Waller ; EMM. 1904, P- 80). Leptogramma literana, Linn.—-Bungay in 1903, doubtless at light (Mrs. Mann). Peronea comariana, Zell.—Orford in 1902 (Gibbs). P. aspersana, Hub.—Two at Newmarket in 1910 (Nurse; Entom. 1911, p. 221). [P. Schalleriana, Linn., var. latifasciana, Haw.—Beccles (Dr. W. M. Crowfoot).] Brachytaenia (Diluta) Hartmanniana, Linn.—" Three captured on the trunks of old willows " near Bury St. Edmunds in 1911-2 (Nurse ; Entom. 1913, p. 195). Penthina corticana, Hub.—Bentley Woods on 29th June, 1901 (Pyett) ; and July, 1902 (Gibbs ; EMM. 1902, p. 7). P. caprceana, Hub.—Several at west Tuddenham in 1911-12 (Nurse ; Entom. 1913, p. 195). Spilonota neglectana, Dup.—Beccles by Dr. Crowfoot, and Felixstow in July, 1902 by Gibbs (teste G. C. Barrett)^ S. servillana, Dup.—A specimen at Ampton in 1911-12 (Nurse ; Entom. 1913, p. 195). S. incarnatana, Hub.—Bungay in 1906, at light (Mrs. Mann ; EMM. 1908, p. 35). Sideria achatana, Fab.—Hemley in 1903 (Waller : I.e. 1904, p. 80); in a hedge beside Covehithe Broad on 16th July, 1912 (Morley). [Sericoris lacunana, Dup., var. herbana, Gn.—This variety was found at Thorpe-next-Aldeburgh in 1892 by Canon


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LEPIDOPTERA.

Crutwell; and at Beccles in 1903 by Dr. Crowfoot. Typical form abundant about Ipswich, Barnby Broad, etc.] Euchromia purpurana, Haw.—Bentley Woods in 1901 (Gibbs; EMM. 1902, p. 7). E. mygindana, Schf.—Taken by Col. Nurse near Timworth in 1909 (teste Bloomfield). Orthotcenia Branderiana, Linn.—Beaten from white poplar in Bentley Woods on 6th July, 1897, hitherto overlooked (Morley). O. ericetana, Wstw.—Orford in July, 1902 (Gibbs) ; Bentley Woods in 1929, Monks' Soham at light in July 1912, and August 1919 (Morley). Sciaphila sinuana, St.—Two at Orford in July, 1902 (Gibbs). Phlceodes crenana, Hub.—" Of this insect I have captured only one at present, though I have visited the locality near Ipswich regularly ever since " taking it (Last; Entom. Week. Intell. x, 1861, p. 27 : overlooked by Bloomfield). Pcedisca rubiginosana, HS.—One at west Tuddenham in 1910 (Nurse ; Entom. 1911, 221). P. occultana, Dougl.—Orford in July, 1902 (Gibbs) ; Felixstow in 1903 (EMM. 1904, 80). P. semifuscana, St.—One at west Tuddenham in 1910 (Nurse ; Entom. 1911, p. 221). [P. solandriana, Linn., var. sordidana, Dup.—Barsham (Dr. Crowfoot).] Halonota nigricostana, Haw.—Beccles District (Crowfoot) ; two at Ampton during 1911-12 (Nurse, under Penthina in Entom. 1913, p. 195). Coccyx pygmeeana, Hub.—Common at Troston, and less so on spruce elsewhere around Timworth (Nurse ; Entom. 1911, p. 221). Retinia turionana, Hub.—Two bred and one caught at Ampton in 1910 (loc. cit.). R. Purdii, P.—Waldringfield and Ipswich (Whittingham). Stigmonota perlepidana, Haw.—-Common at Ampton and Timworth in 1909 (Nurse ; Entom. 1911, p. 221). 5. redimitana, Fab.—Belstead Woods on 29th June, 1901 (Pyett; EMM. 1902, p. 7). S. Weirana, Dougl.—Bentley Woods in July, 1902 (GibDs). 5. trauniana, Schf.—Two taken at maple-blossom at Ampton (Nurse). Dicrorampha queestionana, Zell.—East Bergholt (Whittingham). Catoptria nimbana, HS.—Singly at West Stow and Livermere in 1910 (Nurse ; Entom. 1911, p. 221). Eupcecilia amandana, HS.—One, feeding in fruit of buckthorn, at west Tuddenham in July, 1903 (Edward G. J . Sparke). E. Geyenana, HS.—Taken at light in Bungay during 1903 (Mrs. Mann).


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E. roseana, Haw.—At light with the last species. E. ciliella, Hub.—Occurred with the above at Bungay (EMM. 1905, p. 13). E. erigerana, Wals.—Found at Worlington near Mildenhall (Whittingham). Argyrolepia zephyrana, Tr.—Felixstow in July, 1902 (Gibbs). Conchylis dilucidana, St.—-Two specimens on yarrow on the Felixstow cliff in 1901 ( P y e t t ; EMM. 1902, p. 7). Aphelia osseana, Scop.—-Common in Suffolk at Newmarket during 1910 (Nurse ; Entom. 1911, p. 221) ; Southwold on gorse and the beach in July, 1912 and September, 1910 (Morley). TINE^;.

Epigraphia Steinkellneriana, Schf.—Taken at Bungay in 1903 (Mrs. Mann). Epichnopteryx reticella, Nwm.—A male swept from reeds in Easton Broad on 30th May, 1905 (Morley) ; several taken at Hemley in 1910 (Waller). Scardia ruricolella, Stn.—Taken at Copdock by Rev. J . H. Hocking (Bloomfield). S. arcella, Fab.—Taken in 1903, at Bungay (Mrs. Mann), and at Hemley (Waller). Tinea argentimaculella, Stn.—In woods by the Orwell at Nacton in 1902 (Gibbs). T. merdella, Zell.—Ipswich, common in Lecture Hall and house, July, 1901 ( P y e t t ; EMM. 1902, p. 7). T. nigripundella, Haw.—Ipswich, on Hospital door, in 1901 (loc. c.it.). Nemophora metaxella, Hub.—Taken at Beccles in 1906 (Crowfoot) Adela rufimitrella, Scop.—Common in Barnby Broad on 18th May, 1905 and in August, 1908 (Morley) ; Ampton and Timworth (Nurse; Entom. 1911, p. 221). Hyponomeuta vigintipunctata, Retz.—Bungay in 1903 (Mrs. Mann). Anesychia decemguttella, Hub.—Bungay in 1901 (Mrs. Mann). [Prays.Curtisellus, Don., var. rustica, Haw.—Ipswich in August, 1895 (Pyett and Emest Baylis).] Plutella porrectella, Linn.—Bungay (Mrs. Mann) ; larvae feeding on sweet rocket, Hesperis matronalis, at Hemley in 1903 (Waller). Harpipteryx scabrella, Linn.—Taken at Bungay (Mrs. Mann). Orthotelia sparganella, Thnb.—Bungay in 1902 (Mrs. Mann) ; one bred from pupa cut out of burr-reed at Hemley (W. H. C. Bolton); B a m h a m (Nurse; Entom. 1911, p. 221).


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LEPIDOPTERA.

Depressaria atomella, Hub.—Taken at Ipswich (Whittingham). D. Yeatiana, Fab.—Taken quite commonly at Bungay (Mrs. Mann). D. albipunctella, Hub.—Found at Kessingland (Mrs. H. E. Mann). D. discipunctella, HS.—Orford in 1902 (Gibbs). D. pulcherrimella, Stn.—Taken at Bungay (Mrs. Mann). Gelechia nigra, Haw.—Orford in July, 1902 (Gibbs). G. cuneatella, Zell.—Beccles in 1905 (Crowfoot). G. fraternella, Dougl.—At light at Bungay in 1903 (Mrs. Mann). G. sequax, Haw.—In woods by the Orwell at Nacton in 1903 (Gibbs ; EMM. 1904, p. 80). G. bifractella, Man.—One at West Stow in 1911-12 (Nurse; Entom. 1913, p. 195) ; also taken at Hemley in 1929 (Whittingham). G. lutulentella, Zell.-—-Bungay (Mrs. Mann). Parasia carlinella, Dougl.—Taken at Orford in 1903 (Gibbs ; EMM. 1904, p. 80). P. Metzneriella, Stn.—One specimen bred at Timworth (teste Nurse). Sophronia semicostella, H u b . — B a m h a m (Nurse). (Ecophora tripuncta, Haw.—Found at Hemley in 1902 (Waller). Butalis fuscocenea, Haw.—Monks' Soham, at light at 10.30 p.m. on 30 vii. 1908 (Morley). Amphisbatis incongruella, Stn.—Beccles in 1906 (Crowfoot ; EMM. 1908, p. 35). Acrolepia autumnitella, Crt.—Monks' Soham House, on study window on 20th October 1909 and, hibernated, on outhouse wall in May, 1913 (Morley). Argyresthia spiniella, Zell.—Found at Beccles (Crowfoot). A. mendica, Haw.—Flying among plants of Digitalis purpurea in Cutlers Wood at Freston on 26th June, and beaten in Barham Oak Wood on 18th July, 1904 (Morley) ; Bungay (Mrs. Mann). A. curvella, Linn.—Taken at Bungay in 1903 (Mrs. Mann). Ornix betulce, Stn.—Orford during July, 1902 (Gibbs). O. torquillella, Stn.—Beccles in 1904 (Crowfoot). Coleophora Fabriciella, Vill.—Taken at Bungay about 1903 (Mrs. Mann). C. Therinella, Tgs.—Beccles (Crowfoot). C. adjunctella, Hodg.—On reeds in salt-marshes at Aldeburgh on 22nd June, 1904 (Morley).


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C. mutantella.—One taken at west Tuddenham during 1911-12 (Nurse ; Entom. 1913, 195). Stenolochia gemmella.-—Culford (lib. cit. 1911, p. 221). Chauliodus Illigerellus, Hub.—Beccles during 1906 (Crowfoot; EMM. 1908, p. 35). Laverna propinquella, Stn.—Timworth (teste Nurse). L. ochracella, Crt.—Bungay in 1904 (Mrs. Mann) ; Orford in 1904 (Gibbs) ; beaten from ash at midday at Foxhall on 21st July, 1904 (Morley). Asychna oeratella, Zell.—Monks' Soham House bedroom window on 22nd May, 1909 (Morley). Elachista albifrontella, Hub.-—Beaten from bushes on the Breck at Eriswell, 21st June, 1914 (Morley). Lithocolletis Stettinensis, Nie.—Flying about alder at Foxhall on 27th May, 1907 ; Mr. A. J. Chitty, who was with me, may have taken more : now in Oxford Museum (Morley). Nepticula Septembrella, Stn.—In a gravel-pit, Southwold Common on lOth September, 1910 (Morley). Adding the above species to Bloomfield's Summary of 1900, p. 7, gives us a Suffolk total thus :— 61 Pyralides 52 Rhopalocera Pterophori 21 Sphinges 29 86 62 Bombyces Crambi . 222 Tortrices Noctuae .. 240 Geometrae Tinese . 357 ... 215 Deltoides ... 11 TOTAL .. 1356

The following is a short list of the Moths that have been observed by myself in the course of the present season of 1929, and the locality is Waldringfield unless otherwise stated :— Pyralis costalis, abundant at sugar ; Crambus falsellus, three at light; C. latistrius, one at light; C. pinetellus, three netted at dusk ; Agdistes Bennetti, taken at light and very abundantly amongst Statice limonium on the saltings of the River Deben (cf. also EMM. 1902, p. 247) ; Myelophila cribrum, several came to sugared thistle-heads ; Peronea Schalleriana, common at Covehithe in September ; Sericoris bifasciana, on Austrian pinetrees ; Halonota fcenella, one speeimen, I took it also at Hemley in 1902 ; Tinea semifulvella, the first taken in the County since 1900 came to light; Nemophora Schwarziella, one speeimen ; and Harpipteryx nemorella, which Mr. Morley occasionally finds on honeysuckle at Monks' Soham and I took in 1903 at Hemley (EMM. 1904, p. 80), turned up at Covehithe.

The Lepidoptera of Suffolk  
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