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SUFFOLK BIRD REPORT 1968 Editor W . H . PAYN

assisted by C . G . D . CURTIS

and The County Records Committee H . E . AXELL, G . B. G . BENSON, F . K . COBB, F . C . COOK, T h e R e v . P . H . T . HARTLEY, a n d A . E . VINE

Acknowledgements: We are once again indebted to the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and the Dingle Bird Club for providing records from their logs. Also to the Editors of the Norfolk Bird Report, the Essex Bird Report, and the Cambridge Bird Club Report for passing on relevant records and correspondence. SPECIAL SURVEY: Records of the same species as last year, i.e., woodlark, little owl, partridge, nightingale, and breeding wheatears are again asked for in 1969. Records for 1969 should be sent to the Editor at Härtest Place, Bury St. Edmunds (telephone Härtest 224) by the end of January next. Please ensure all records are arranged in accordance with The Check List of Gt. Britain and Ireland. It is regretted that ovving to increase in printing and other overheads, the price of this report has had to be increased to 10/6d. A Review of the Year The most notable event of the year, ornithologically, was the massive 'irruption' of nutcrackers which began early in August and which was on a scale never previously known in the county or indeed, in Britain. There was the usual good showing of rarities and two new species — the sociable plover and Richard's pipit — were added to the county list; in fact there may be a third, if the R.B.C. considers the white-throated sparrow, which was found at Lowestoft in December, to have been a genuine vagrant.


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Incidentally, as a number of correspondents were quick to point out, the Baird's sandpiper recorded in last year's Report, was actually the second for the county, the first having occurred in September, 1965. Despite the miserably wet and cold summer most species seem to have had a reasonably successful nesting season, though it was considered likely that the heavy rains drowned one brood of marsh harriers at Blythburgh. It was surprising and disappointing that no Montagu's harriers bred, following their very successful season last year. Doubtless as a result of the poor summer and the loss of first broods, late nesting by a number of species was noted: at Risby a partridge was still sitting on eggs in mid-September, and newlyhatched pheasant chicks were also encountered in a number of places during that month. At least two broods of mallard ducklings came off in early November. T h e decline in the numbers of wasteland species such as nightingales, wheatears, woodlarks, and most of the warblers unfortunately continues, and green woodpeckers and kingfishers are still below their pre-1962 numbers. Swallows are decreasing alarmingly in many areas. Sparrow hawk breeding numbers remain very low indeed but the kestrel seems to be doing rather better. A particularly interesting feature of the year was the number of summer and winter visitors which long over-stayed their normal departure dates. Fieldfares lingered into June, a brent goose, apparently uninjured, over-summered on the R. Aide, as did a merganser duck at Butley. Even more unusual was a snow-bunting which spent the entire summer on Aldeburgh beach. Among summer migrants, house martins, wheatears, and whitethroats remained well into November and there were two turtle doves and a number of swallows at the very end of the month. Common sandpipers were also noted during November and there was a stone curlew on Orfordness in December. T h e r e was again an increase in the number of Bewick's swans wintering on both sides of the county. White-fronted geese were also more plentiful than for some time and a flock of thirteen barnacle geese at Minsmere was exceptional for eastern England. Of the eight ospreys recorded, several remained for some days. T h e r e were also three honey buzzards.


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Migration Migration throughout the year was on a somewhat muted scale, apart from the nutcracker invasion already referred to. Most of the summer visitors arrived ahead of their usual dates, helped perhaps by several days of warm, sunny weather from about Mar. 22. T h e peak of spring passage was probably reached about Apl. 15. Düring the early months of the year the usual weather movements of redwings, fieldfares, and lapwings had been on a small scale. Emigration by lapwings and southwards 'coasting' by chaffinches and blue tits had been noted at Aldeburgh on Jan. 26 and 27. T h e first immigrant lapwings came in at Minsmere on June 7 with many passing north-west over inland SufFolk on June 11. After the arrival of the first nutcrackers in early August, migration in autumn was abnormally light, the biggest 'fall' taking place on Sept. 15 and 16 following gales and heavy rain, when considerable numbers of redstarts, wheatears, pied flycatchers, and warblers occurred at Lowestoft, Southwold, and Minsmere. Several hundred continental robins were reported from Benacre and Walberswick, with smaller numbers at Aldeburgh and Minsmere, where the corpses of thirteen hedge sparrows were also found on the tide-line on Sept. 16. Three days later small numbers of pied and spotted flycatchers and redstarts were passing through Sudbourne. Also included in the same 'fall' were song thrushes and redwings at Walberswick, and fieldfares at Aldeburgh, with several ring ouzels at Southwold and Havergate and siskins at Southwold and Minsmere. Siskins in exceptional numbers — including seventyfive in one party — were also reported from Aldeburgh on Sept. 16. Smaller numbers of passerines had been on passage during the first ten days of August — with wheatears, pied flycatchers, and redstarts predominant — but migration throughout the month remained at a low level. During September a steady but mainly light trickle of migration continued, but including higher than average numbers of wrynecks. Very few skuas occurred and wader numbers were uniformly low. T h e first big rush of day-migrants took place between Oct. 5 and 7 with starlings, skylarks, and chaffinches in good numbers at Minsmere and some 300 fieldfares in an hour at Southwold. More fieldfares made their landfall at Sudbourne on Oct. 9 and at Shotley — along with the first redwings— on Oct. 14.


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At Aldcburgh small parties of bramblings were Coming ashore throughout October and goldcrests were prominent there on Oct. 25. Immigrant blackbirds were conspicuous by their absence. The first woodcock were recorded at Minsmere on Oct. 25 and there was evidently a good arrival of the species about Nov. 12 when two were flushed from a beet field at Shotley. Ten were present in one wood at Harkstead four days later. Fourteen woodcock were flushed during a day's shooting at Brandeston in December, but woodcock numbers in West Suffolk were low all through the winter. Little weather movement took place late in the year, except for lapwings and thrushes coasting south during snow on Dec. 27 and 29. W.H.P. SYSTEMATIC L I S T

The order followed is that of the B.O.U. Check List (1952). Records refer to single birds unless otherwise indicated. A list of observers will be found at the end of this Systematic List. 1. Black-throated diver.—An oiled juv. found at Sizewell on Jan. 16 died a week later. Minsmere, Jan. 31 (HEA); Benacre, Dec. 21 (GBGB). Diver sp.—Comparatively few noted in usual wintering arca off Dunwich and Minsmere, with max. numbers of about fifty (probably next species) in Jan. and Feb. 4. Red-throated diver.—Small numbers only from Jan. to Mar. at Dunwich and Minsmere with c. twenty off Aldeburgh, Jan. 17 (EFC). 5. Great crested grebe.—Breeding prs. at: Minsmere, two (HEA); Holbrook, two (PRC, MGC); Weybread, one (ALB); Livermere, ten or eleven (AJL, RHM). Odd birds on coast and estuaries, Jan. to Mar. and Oct. to Dec. 6. Red-necked grebe.—Minsmere, Mar. 17 (HEA) Sept. 22 to 29 (HEA, AAB); Benacre, Nov. 3 (GLC, DJP).

and

7. Slavonian grebe.—R. Orwell, Jan. 21 (RJC), Benacre, Aug. 14 (DAB, JB, JM) and Sept. 22 (AAB). 8. Black-necked grebe.—Shingle Street, Jan. 14 to 17 (PAB, PRC, MGC, EIP).


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9. Little grebe. —Breeding prs. at: Benacre, five (GJJ); Minsmere, five (HEA); Boyton, three, Shotley, one (PRC, M G C , EIP); Barham and Baylham, two and three (RJC). Good numbers in winter, e.g., forty-seven Benacre, Nov. (CRC), twenty-five R. Orwell at Ipwich, Dec. (AB), twenty Tuddenham, R. Lark, Feb. (ALB). Also present Barton Mills (AEV), Sudbury (AAB), Hadleigh and Layham (AB). 16. M a n x shearwater.—One, probably of this species, off Felixstowe, Aug. 28 (DAB, JB, JM). 26. Fulmar.—Present in small numbers offshore from end Mar. to early Sept. One inland at Kesgrave, Apl. 21 (PRC) and one in Orford R., July 31 (RSPB). 27. Gannett.—Present off coast between July and mid-Oct., but numbers were rather fewer than usual. 29.

Shag.—Minsmere, Apl. 13 (DM) and two, Sept. 2 (HEA).

30. Heron.—Nest counts were as follows: Henham, sixteen (LFC); Blackheath, fifty-six (EFC); Boyton, eight (PRC, PAB); Stoke by Nayland, seventeen (per A H ) ; Livermere, about twelve (RHM, AJL); Eriswell, three (AEV). The albinistic bird previously noted was present irregularly throughout year on R. Blyth (S) and also — doubtless same bird — at Havergate in July (RSPB). 31. Purple heron.—It was a remarkable year for this species at Minsmere where one or more were present irregularly between May and Nov. with two there on May 19, Oct. 6 to 15, and Nov. 3, and up to five, including two ads., from May 13 to 15 (HEA et al). 32.

Little egret.—Havergate, July 9 to end of Aug. (RJP).

38. Bittern.—Ten prs. bred at Minsmere, a slight increase. In severe weather in Jan. many were fed on sprats and on Jan. 14 WCre flushcd to ® gether from one feeding place on the ice In West /vt Suffolk one was found dead at Eriswell in Jan. (MGR) and one was present at Culford on Feb. 28 (RR). One Aying over Woodbridge harbour, Dec. 14 (PAB). Spoonbill.—One or more were present on the coast between 1 8 / n c ' 3 n d S e p t 7 " T h e r e w e r e three at Havergate, May 11 to 18 (RSPB) and three more at Blythburgh on Oct. 5 (GBGB, PJL, *\|H, SPH) and two at Minsmere between May 20 and 25 and July 8 and 19 (HEA, GJJ et al).


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47. G a r g a n e y . — F o u r or five prs. bred Minsmere (HEA) and there were twenty-three on passage there Apl. 13 ( D M ) , with odd birds elsewhere on coast f r o m M a r . 23 to June 1. 50. W i g e o n . — T w o or three prs. lingered at Havergate to midJ u n e (JKS) with a summering drake at Walberswick through J u n e and July (GJJ) and a pr. throughout breeding season at Minsmere (HEA). Winter n u m b e r s : Havergate, 8,500 in Jan., 800 in Dec. (RJP); R. Stour, 5,000 in Jan., 6,000 in Nov. ( R V A M ) ; Inland, one or two at Livermere, Apl, and early M a y (AJL, R H M ) and nine during Dec. ( C A E K , AJL, R H M ) . 52. Pintail.—A pr. at Minsmere tili M a y 20 (HEA) and another at Havergate until May 25 (RJP) but breeding not proved. Winter n u m b e r s : Havergate, up to eighty-five, Jan. to Mar. and 200, Nov. to Dec. (RSPB); R. Stour, 600 in Feb. and 800 in Dec. ( R V A M ) ; Woodbridge, seventy in Jan. and eighty in Dec. (PAB). R. Orwell, c. twenty-five in Dec. (AJL). 45. M a l l a r d . — A n u m b e r of very late broods were reported, e.g., newly-hatched ducklings at Livermere, Nov. 3 ( R H M ) and at Härtest, Nov. 5 ( W H P ) . 55. S c a u p . — T h e f. which laid an infertile clutch at Havergate Island in 1967, repeated the process in 1968, nesting within a few feet of last year's site. Again no drake was present (RJP). T h e r e were also two late birds at Minsmere on M a y 26 (HEA). Winter n u m b e r s were low everywhere with a max. of six on R. Orwell in Dec. 60. G o l d e n e y e . — N u m b e r s were again high locally, with R. Stour, where there were u p to seventy-five in Feb. ( R V A M ) most favoured as usual. Also recorded were c. thirty on R. Orwell in both winters (AB, MP), four or five at Shingle Street in Jan. (BMC), c. ten at Benacre in Jan. (many obs.), thirteen at W o o d bridge in Jan. (PAB) and u p to twenty on passage at Minsmere in Dec. (HEA). T h e r e were a n u m b e r of inland records: Barham, M a r . 21; six Redgrave, Nov. 9 (RJC); two Livermere, Dec. 19 ( C A E K , AJL). A drake was present on R. Ore between July 6 to 13 (RJP). 61. L o n g - t a i l e d d u c k . — U p to five at Benacre Broad between Jan. 5 and Apl. 12 (many obs.) and odd birds on Rs. Orwell and Deben during Feb. and M a r . A drake in almost f.s.p. at Minsmere on Aug. 2 and 3 ( H E A , D M ) . 62. V e l v e t s c o t e r . — T h e only record was f r o m Minsmere on Nov. 10 ( G H ) .


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64. Common scoter.—Numbers were low during both winters and the over-summering flock off Dunwich numbered only about 250 (GJJ). Up to 300 off Orfordness in May and June (RSPB). 67. Eider.—Five at Lowestoft in Jan. and two irregularly between Julyand Dec. (AB, DAD, GJJ),nine Walberswick, Aug. 4 (GJJ), Minsmere, Jan. 31, July 11 and Nov. 13 to 18 and three Nov. 9 (HEA), two on R. Aide July to Sept. (RSPB), up to nine at Shingle Street, Nov. 23 to end of year (BNC, PAB, PRC), Bawdsey Dec. 22 (PAB). 69. Red-breasted merganser.—Numbers were generally low in both winters but twelve at Minsmere on Oct. 19 (HEA). A lone duck frequented Butley Creek from June to Oct. (PAB, GJJ). 70. Goosander.—More than for some years with mostly singles on coast and estuaries between Jan. and Mar. 31 and in Nov. and Dec. Higher numbers on inland rivers and lakes with one at Culford, Nov. 12 to 15 (RR), six at Livermere, Dec. 19 (CAEK, AJL) and four at Redgrave, Dec. 26 (AJL). 71. Smew.—Two to four at Benacre in Jan. (BWJ) and four to five in Dec. ( G B G B , GJJ). Five at Walberswick, Jan. 13 (AEW), two, R. Orwell, Jan. 1 (RJC); also Minsmere, Jan. to Mar. (HEA), Shingle Street, Jan. (PAB, PRC, MGC) and R. Stour, Jan. (RVAM). 73. Shelduck.—Peak numbers on R. Stour — 2,000 in Jan. (RVAM). Inland: one on R. Stour at Sudbury, Mar. 30 to Apl. 22 (AAB). Three or four prs. at Livermere irregularly during year, one with brood of five (many obs.). [74. Ruddy shelduck.—One at Shingle Street on Dec. 18 (BMC) and at Havergate next day (RJP) was presumably a feral bird.] 75. Greylag goose.—At Minsmere, two Jan. 28 to Mar. 15 and one Apl. 21. Two semi-domestic birds there mid-June to midAug. (HEA, GJJ). Inland: Culford, Feb. 23 and May (RR), Euston, Apl. 25 and Livermere, Apl. 25 (RR); three at Livermere, Feb. 28 (RVAM). 78. Pink-footed goose.—Minsmere: Jan. 7 and sixteen Jan. 14 (HEA). Havergate: four Dec. 12 and nine next day (RJP).


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76. White-fronted goose.—Good numbers were recorded on coast during both winters, with thirty-six at Minsmere from Jan. to early Mar., between sixty and seventy at Aldeburgh on Feb. 4 (MB), thirty on Havergate in early Mar. and c. sixty elsewhere in Dec. Also small numbers irregularly at Benacre, Kessingland and Easton Broad (many obs.). 80. Brent goose.—Present at usual winter haunts on coast but numbers were low, with very few in particular off Havergate Island. Highest numbers were c. eighty on R. Orwell in Jan. and Feb. (CGDC) and 540 on R. Stour in Feb. (RVAM). A Single bird over-summered on R. Ore where it was present from May to Sept. (PAB, BMC, RJP) with another — or probably same bird — off Minsmere, June 29 (DAD) and Benacre, June 30 (CAEK, GMSE). 81. Barnacle goose.—A flock of thirteen, unusual for East Coast, visited Minsmere between Mar. 4 and 15 (HEA, GJJ, DM, PJM et al) and a single there, in Company with Bewick's swans, Nov. 23 to Dec. 6 (HEA). A single bird at Aldeburgh and Thorpeness from Nov. 24 to 30 (GJJ, RVAM). 82. Canada goose.—Peak winter numbers — all Dec. — in West Suffolk were: c. 130 at Livermere (CAEK, MN, RR), c. ninety at Redgrave (RJL, RHM), c. forty at Culford (RR). Breeding numbers were probably much as usual in West Suffolk, with elsewhere, one pr. at Barham (RJC) and one pr. at Minsmere (HEA). 85. Whooper swan.—Ten at Minsmere, Jan. 1 and up to three tili Mar. 4. One or two only in Dec. (HEA). Four southwards over Walberswick on Oct. 22 (AEW) and one at Southwold, Dec. 21 (GBGB). 86. Bewick's swan.—Exceptional numbers were present on coast during both winters with several fair-sized herds also on West Suffolk rivers. There was much irregulär movement and only at Havergate and Minsmere did birds remain for long. At Havergate there were between sixteen and thirty in Jan. and fortysix on Mar. 8 (RJP). At Minsmere the wintering flock rose to seventy on Jan. 14 and remained at about sixty throughout most of Feb. Departures seawards were noted on Mar. 3, 4, 10 and 26 when last birds left. First autumn arrivals on Oct. 19 with forty-three on Dec. 30 (HEA).


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At Sudbourne there were c. thirty in Feb. and Mar. and fiftythree in Dec. (PAB, GJJ). Smaller numbers at Benacre in Dec. (GBGB), at Southwold and Walberswick in Nov. (HJL, RVAM, HJL), at Aldeburgh and Thorpeness up to twenty in Nov. and Dec. (RJC, BMC, EFC, GJJ, RVAM). In West Suffolk: two at Tuddenham, Jan. 14 (CAEK), up to seventeen at Livermere, Nov. and Dec. (IC, RHM) and eight to twelve West Stow, end Dec. (AJL, PAW). 91. Buzzard.—Singles at Minsmere, Jan. 31, Apl. 6, June 5, Aug. 11, and Sept. 1 and 18 (HEA). Two at Covehithe, Sept. 22 (DAB). 92. Rough-legged buzzard.—Elveden, Jan. 14 (GMSE, CAEK, RCM), Minsmere, May 6 (HEA, RGHC), Havergate and Butley, Sept. 16 to 26 (AB, PAB, RJP). 93. Sparrow hawk.—No more than three possible breeding prs. were reported in the county, two from the Reydon and Walberswick area (GBGB, GJJ), and one which reared four young at Minsmere (HEA). In winter up to three Walberswick area (GJJ, DJP, CGDC), one Benacre (GBGB), and three or four singles, Breck, during both winters (CAEK, WHP). 95.

Kite.—Minsmere, Dec. 24 (JS et al).

98. Honey buzzard.—Sudbourne, July 9 (PAB), Reydon, found dead, Aug. 31 (JNH) and Walberswick and Minsmere, Sept. 16 and 17 (HEA, CC, EFC, DJP, ADR, DW). 99. Marsh harrier.—A rather disappointing year for this species. At Minsmere two and a half prs. fledged only five young, the young from the third nest being destroyed by a bittern family from a nest only six yards away. Another pr. started building but gave up, probably because of disturbance (HEA). At Walberswick a pr. were believed to have hatched young, but none were seen on wing. Possibly young were drowned by heavy rains (GBGB). 100. Hen harrier.—About a dozen reported on coast from Benacre to Sudbourne between Jan. and Apl. 21 and from Aug. 20 to end of year. On Breck one or two in Jan. and Nov. A harrier, unidentified, in King's Forest on June 30 (AJL, RHM).


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102. Montagu's harrier.—After the high success of 1967 it is disappointing and remarkable that no breeding or attempt at breeding seems to have taken place in the county during 1968. Odd birds were noted on coast between May and July with a pr. displaying at Walberswick on May 12 and a f. present at Havergate for five weeks in Apl. and May. An im. at Minsmere, Oct. 2 to 7 (HEA). 103. Osprey.—Langham Pools and R. Stour, Apl. 26 and 28 (MissP. Harris, D. J. and R. K. Weston, RVAM etal); Lakenheath, May (PAW). Minsmere, June 5 (CC). In autumn: Havergate, Aug. 23 and 24 (RSPB); Butley, Aug. 30 (FR-B, SFH); Tuddenham, West Suffolk, Aug. 8 (GMSE, CAEK); Stoke by Nayland, Sept. 10 to 21 (W. R. Bridge per JFR); Culford, Sept. 12 (IDC, RR). 104. Hobby.—Odd records only from coast between May 18 and June 28 and from Aug. 9 to Oct. 14. 105. Peregrine.—Walberswick, Apl. 4 to 6 (CRC, JGR) and Aug. 10 (GLC, DJP); Orfordness, Aug. 26 (CRC); Havergate, Sept. 30 (RSPB) and Easton, Dec. 11 (GBGB). 107. Merlin.—The usual passage and winter birds — about a dozen in all — on coast and Breck between Aug. and end of year. 110. Kestrel.—Breeding was recorded from: Minsmere four prs. (HEA), Kesgrave and Holbrook one pr. each (PRC), Shotley one pr. (MP), Hadleigh four prs. (AB), Cläre one pr. (WHP). Kestrels were also present during summer months at a number of localities on coast and at nine localities in Breckland. Numbers of passage migrants and winter visitors were high throughout county. 116. Partridge.—As a result of the wet, cold summer, breeding results were at best, only fair, and in places very poor. There was certainly a marked fall in numbers in West Suffolk compared with 1967 (WHP). Reports received were too few to give a clear picture of the position but the grey partridge is now probably a scarce if not a rare bird throughout much of the country. The red-leg is slightly more numerous. 121. Spotted crake.—Only records were from Minsmere: Apl. 23 (HEA, DM), July 29 (HEA) and Aug. 4 (HEA, Jff, DM). 125. Corncrake.—One found dead in centre of Stowmarket, Aug. 12 (RJC).


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132. Sociable plover (Chettusia gregaria).—One at Havergate Island, Oct. 4 ( R J P ) was an addition to THE SUFFOLK LIST. Another, or the same bird, was later seen at Sandwich, Kent. 135. Little ringed plover.—Occurred irregularly and mostly singly at Minsmere and Havergate Island between Apl. 15 and Aug. 9 with max. of six to eight in early Aug. (HEA, RJP). One at Bury B . F . Ponds, June 29 and Aug. 1 to 8 (AJL). 136. Kentish plover.—Walberswick, Apl. 11 ( G L C ) and May 11 ( D J G , J D M et al). Minsmere, Apl. 17 and May 23 to 25 (HEA, G J J ) , Havergate, June 1 to 7 (RSPB). 140. Golden plover.—As usual widespread but rather local throughout county during both passages, but chiefly in winter. 1,500 at Livermere, Mar. 24 (CAEK). 142. Dotterel.—The only record was of a bird in winter plumage at Havergate, Aug. 28 (RSPB). 145. C o m m o n snipe.—Seventy together at All Saints, Haiesworth ( M D H - D ) and 150 at Shotley in Nov. (MP) are high numbers for the present day. 151. Whimbrel.—First passage birds at Havergate and Minsmere on Apl. 17, with peak numbers about May 15 (HEA, RJP). Last recorded Oct. 14. 154. Black-tailed godwit.—A thin spring passage from Mar. 1, with 260 at Blythburgh, end Mar. ( D J P ) and a similar thin passage in autumn from late June to end Oct. T h e winter flock on R. Stour numbered some 400 birds (RVAM). 155. Bar-tailed godwit.—Only a light spring and autumn passage with a few winter birds — max. six — at Havergate in Jan. and at Sudbourne between Jan. and Mar. 156. G r e e n sandpiper.—Winter and passage numbers were much as usual with late birds at Bawdsey on June 17 ( G J J ) and at Minsmere throughout the month (HEA). 157. Wood sandpiper.—Between one and four at Minsmere from Apl. 15 to mid-June (HEA, G J J ) and a protracted autumn passage to Oct. 7 with high numbers at Havergate — max. thirteen—Minsmere—max. twelve—and at Walberswick and Butley. Up to seven in West Suffolk during Aug. at Bury B . F . Ponds (AJL).


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159. Common sandpiper.—The usual spring and autumn passage birds included forty at Benacre on Sept. 11 (BWJ) and twenty-one at Livermere on July 17 (RHM). The wintering R. Deben bird (1967 Report) remained at least up to Jan. 6 (PAB, PRC). Other wintering birds were Timworth, Nov. 5 (MLN) and Walberswick, Nov. 24 and 25 (AB, CGDC, JELP). 162. Spotted redshank.—A few wintering birds at Minsniere in Jan. and Feb. and Nov. and Dec. and only a light spring and autumn passage at Minsmere and Havergate where a peak of between fifty to sixty was reached in, respectively, Sept. and Oct. 165. Greenshank.—Spring passage extended from Apl. 13 to end June with fair numbers at Minsmere, Blythburgh, Havergate, Bawdsey. Autumn passage began again about mid-July, with a peak at Minsmere of about fifty on Aug. 9 (HEA). Inland records: one or two at Metfield in Sept. (MDH-D) and up to four at Bury B.F. Ponds in July and Aug. (AJL). 169. Knot.—Only small numbers on spring and autumn passage and in winter on coast. Odd birds in June, including thirty-four at Minsmere on June 10 (HEA). 170. Purple sandpiper.—Only single birds noted at: Lowestoft in Jan., Mar. and Dec. (GJJ, JELP), Minsmere, Nov. 7 and 8 (HEA et al) and Havergate, Sept. 9 (RJP). The regulär Shingle Street bird remained there tili Mar. 17 and returned again on Dec. 1 (PAB, PRC, MGC). 171. Little Stint.—It was a very poor year for this species, with odd birds only at Havergate, Minsmere and Walberswick during May and June and again from mid-Sept. to early Dec. The highest number at any locality was three. 173. Temminck's stint.—Minsmere, July 24 to 26, Aug. 14, Sept. 7 (HEA); Havergate, Sept. 30 (RSPB). 179. Curlew sandpiper.—Numbers low, with only two or three birds at Havergate in May and a max. of seven at Minsmere between July 18 and Oct. 14 (HEA, GJJ). 181. Sanderling.—Small numbers only during both winters, sixteen at Lowestoft in Feb. (EWCJ) being largest flock reported. 184. Ruff.—Occurred mainly at Minsmere, with one to four during Feb. and Mar., then up to forty-five in early Apl., being mostly ms. in breeding dress. A few fs. during May and odd birds of both sexes in June. Autumn passage extended from


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July 5, with c. forty birds at end of month, to early Nov., with a single bird on Dec. 20 (HEA). At Havergate numbers were low, with a peak of forty-two on Aug. 10 (RSPB). A few reports from Rs. Blyth and Aide, and from Bawdsey. 185. Avocet.—The Havergate colony had a very good breeding season, 162 young being reared by 108 prs. despite spells of cold weather (RJP). At Minsmere, seven prs. bred. A late bird occurred during Dec. 22 to 27 (HEA). 188. R e d - n e c k e d phalarope.—Havergate, Sept. 14 to Oct. 21 (RSPB). 189. Stone curlew.—Eight probable breeding prs. in coastal belt northwards from I pswich is an increase on recent years. Breck numbers were probably about average. A late bird at Orford, Dec. 18 (AS). 193. Arctic skua.—Two at Minsmere, May 9 and two at Havergate, May 3 and 11 were the only spring records. The autumn passage between July 28 and Oct. 19 was also light. 194.

G r e a t skua.—One at Cliff Quay, Ipswich, Nov. 12 (AB).

199. L e s s e r b l a c k - b a c k e d gull.—A party from RSPB headquarters visiting the 'closed area' on Orfordness in June, found c. 100 prs. of lesser back-backed and c. forty of herring gulls breeding on the shingle (J. Crudass, D. Lea, RJP). This colony has apparently been in existence for some years but has not previously been reported. 200. H e r r i n g gull.—One pr. bred Minsmere and one attempted breeding at Havergate. See also under previous species. 202. G l a u c o u s gull.—Benacre, Jan. 10 (BWJ); Slaughden Quay, Jan. 13 (RVAM); Minsmere, Feb. 17 (HEA, D M ) and Mar. 17 (PFB, M G ) and Dec. 28 (P and JS). 205. M e d i t e r r a n e a n gull.—Usual Covehithe bird there to mid-Feb. and from Aug. 4 onwards ( G J J , J E L P ) , Minsmere, Feb. 10 to 15 (HEA, AG, D M ) and Havergate, Aug. 17 (RSPB). 207. Little gull.—A number of ims. at Covehithe and Southwold in Jan. and Feb. (RVAM), at Minsmere between May 8 and June 12 (HEA) and at Havergate on May 18 and June 1 (RSPB). There was also a fair passage of ads. and ims. — max. four on any one date — along coast from early Aug. to mid-Nov. (many obs.). Two Aying west at Livermere on Nov. 13 ( C A E K ) is an unusual inland record.


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211. Kittiwake.—The Lowestoft breeding colony maintained its numbers with c. thirty-seven nests (EWCJ). Numbers on passage at Minsmere (HEA) and elsewhere were much down on recent years. Inland records were: an oiled bird at Wherstead (AB) and an im. at West Stow on Nov. 3 (RHM). 212. Black tern.—Four at Minsmere on Apl. 16 and May 31 (HEA) and two at Havergate on May 25, were only spring migrants reported, and there was only a small autumn passage down coast between July 5 and Oct. 20, with a max. of four together but mostly one or two. One inland at Livermere on Sept. 29. 216. Little tern.—Breeding results on beaches were as usual very poor, e.g., seven prs. at Minsmere fledged only three young (HEA). 218. Arctic tern.—Minsmere, May 3 and 26 and July 10, and Havergate, two May 4 to 11 and one to three in Aug. 219. Roseate tern.—Havergate, Apl. 25 and Sept. 10 (RJP) and Minsmere, May 8 and 12 and July 11, with two on May 10 (HEA). 223. Sandwich tern.—About 400 prs. attempted breeding at Minsmere but no chicks were reared owing to predation by rats. At least 2,000 adult terns were there on May 2 and 3 (HEA). Also present at Havergate during most of the summer but no breeding took place. Inland: one on R. Stour at Sudbury, May 28 (AAB). 224.

Razorbill.—Minsmere, Feb. 14 (HEA).

225. Guillemot.—Minsmere, odd birds only during Feb., Mar. and Aug., majority being oiled (HEA). Shingle Street, Sept. 16 (BMC). 226. Little auk.—One found alive in a shed at Brandeston on Nov. 5 was later released on the R. Aide (JELP). 235. Turtle dove.—About 500 together in Staverton Forest, May 31 (PAB). Two on Southwold golf course on Nov. 25 (RVAM). Collared dove.—Maintains its numbers and continues to spread slowly, but is still, apparently, not widespread. Will central Suffolk observers please report on its status there? One at Stowmarket, Dec. (RJC). Regulär at Icklingham (CAEK); at Great Barton a flock of c. eighty in winter (RHM) and c. forty at Westley. One pr. Härtest, Apl. but did not stay (WHP).


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241. Barn owl.—Breeding prs. at: Holbrook, Hollesley, Felixstowe, Bawdsey, Blaxhall, Hadleigh. Birds also reported but no breeding proved at twenty other localities in East and West Suffolk. 246. Little owl.—Reported during the year from fourteen parishes in East Suffolk and from seven in the west, with, in addition, breeding confirmed at Bramford (AB), Shotley three prs. (MP) and Minsmere, probable (HEA). This indicates a most marked decrease on, say, twenty years ago when the little owl was common and widespread and is underlined by such comments as 'much scarcer than formerly' (EFC); 'not as plentiful as formerly' (JELP). The cause? Destruction of habitat — hollow hedge-row trees and rabbit burrows and, perhaps, pesticides. 248. Long-eared owl.—Probably bred Walberswick (GJJ), Aldeburgh (EFC) and Barton Mills (RCM). Ads. also at four localities on the Breck (GMSE, CAEK). A party of five together at Mendlesham in Dec. (SA). 249. Short-eared owl.—A pr. bred successfully in Herringfleet area (EWCJ); six prs. again bred at Havergate, rearing c. twenty young (RJP). The usual reports of passage and wintering birds on coast but few from Breckland. 252. Nightjar.—Appears to be declining in numbers except in a few areas. One at Thorndon on two dates in early June (RHCB). 258. Kingfisher.—There seems to have been no marked change in status from 1967. 261. Hoopoe.—Aldringham Common, Mar. 24 and April 2 (DN, EFC), Walberswick, Apl. 19 to 21 (GBGB, GLC, GJJ, JGR), Minsmere, Apl. 26 and two Apl. 27 and May 15 (HEA, RSB, GH, DM), Hoxne, June 1 and 2 (MK). Woodpeckers.—At Shotley a marked decrease of all three species has occurred (MP) and observer suggests that influx of grey squirrels may be responsible. In West Suffolk a decrease is also evident in many areas but here, though grey squirrels are now widespread, destruction of old timber, particularly in hedges, is probably responsible. Could a grey squirrel in fact get into the nest hole of any except perhaps the green woodpecker? Could a squirrel catch an adult woodpecker? Any observations on these points would be of great value (Ed.). 262. Green woodpecker.—About twelve prs. bred Minsmere (HEA); up to seven on Breck in July (CAEK). One killed by a peregrine at Havergate, Dec. 18, 1967 (RSPB).


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265. Wryneck.—A pr. on the north of Bury St. Edmunds in May, but breeding was not confirmed (MLN). There were only three occurrances during the spring passage between Apl. 18 and May 15 but there was an exceptional and rather late autumn passage from Aug. 22 to Oct 5 with birds reported from: Benacre and Covehithe, two (BWJ); Southwold, at least six (GBGB, HAL); Walberswick, about eight (DJP, AEW); Westleton (GJJ); Minsmere and Sizewell, at least fifteen (HEA, DAB, JB, JM et al); Bawdsey and Alderton, at least three (PRC, AGC); Aldeburgh (HWSD); Butley, three and Capel St. Andrew (PAB). 271. Woodlark.—Four breeding prs. only reported from coastal belt (PAB, HJL). Did not breed Minsmere (HEA) or Aldeburgh (EFC). Very scarce on Breck. 273. Shorelark.—Only odd birds at Minsmere and Walberswick in Nov. and Dec. (HEA, GJJ) and a flock of up to sixteen, though numbers fluctuated, at Aldeburgh/Slaughden Quay in Jan. and Feb. and from Oct. 9 to end of year (MB, PAB, CRC, GJJ, RVAM, JELP). 278. Golden oriole.—Walberswick, May 28 and 29 (J. List per GJJ); Minsmere, May 31 (HEA, JMA, RSB et al). 281. Hooded crow.—More numerous in both winters than for some time past, with most at latter end of the year, e.g., seven at Walberswick in Dec. (HEC, CLC, DJP), five on R. Aide in Nov. (RVAM) and thirteen at Sudbourne in Dec. (GJJ). Inland: Stowmarket in Oct. (RJC) and West Stow, Dec. (AJL). Up to five at Minsmere, Jan to Mar. (HEA). 284. Magpie.—Records suggest that this species is slightly on the increase again in some localities, e.g., Hadleigh (AB), north of Bury St. Edmunds (RHM). Numbers still low in much of South-West Suffolk. 285. Slender-billed nutcracker.—Suffolk received a very generous share of the unprecedented 'irruption' of nutcrackers which took place in to Britain during the late summer. The birds evidently arrived in a number of 'waves', the first of which, confined to the Lowestoft area, came in about Aug. 7 and 8, with later and larger arrivals about Aug. 23 and 24 and Sept. 5 to 12. Nutcrackers seen on the shore-line at Minsmere on Aug. 24, at Covehithe on Sept. 5 and at Felixstowe on Sept. 12 probably indicate actual arrival dates from overseas.


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The birds occurred in ones and twos, though mainly singly, throughout the coastal belt, with the main concentration in the pine forests between the R. Deben and the R. Blyth. There were only two records away from the coast and these were no more than ten miles inland. Surprisingly there seem to have been no reports of nutcrackers in the Breckland forests. The task of sorting out the many records received has proved somewhat complex; although individual birds remained for some time in one place, the majority seem to have moved on rapidly and the same bird may well have been reported more than once but from different localities, for instance a bird seen at Blaxhall on Oct. 9 had already been ringed elsewhere. At least five were ringed in Suffolk. Apart from a number of 'hear-say' reports which it has not proved possible to follow up and allowing for duplication, it seems probable that at least seventy-five nutcrackers passed through the county during the period early Aug. to end Dec. Numbers were probably a good deal higher. Confirmed records — single birds except where otherwise stated — and working from north to south of the county were: Lowestoft to R. Blyth Frostenden (Aug. 9), bird died; Lowestoft (Aug. 11 to 14); Corton (Aug. 11 to 14 and Sept. 19 and 20) and two (Sept. 14); Herringfleet (Nov. 19 and 20); Fritton (c. Aug. 12); Covehithe (Aug. 22 to Sept. 15 and Aug. 30 to Sept. 7) and two (Sept. 4 and 5); Benacre (Sept. 4); Oulton Broad (Sept. 9); Reydon (Sept. 22); Carlton Colville (Oct. 18). R. Blyth to R. Aide Blythburgh (Aug. 31 to Sept. 7 and Sept. 21); Dunwich (Aug. 29 and Sept. 18); Theberton, five or six (Sept. 6 to 18); Leiston (Aug. 23 to 30 and Sept. 6 to 10) and two (Oct. 20); Sizewell (Sept. 7); Minsmere (Sept. 4, 7 and 21, Oct. 12 and 26) and two (Aug. 24); Aldringham (Sept. 13); Aldeburgh (Sept. 22); Kelsale (Sept. 19). R. Aide to R. Deben Hollesley (Aug. 21 to 31 and Sept. 8) and two together (Aug. 24 to 27 and Sept. 7); Tunstall (Oct. 9) and two (Aug. 23); Rendlesham, four (Aug. 23); Boyton, two and three (Aug. 20 and 24 and Sept. 4); Capel St. Andrew (Aug. 23 and 27 and Sept. 7) and two (Sept. 5 to 7); Chillesford (Sept. 3 and 4 and Oct. 14); Orford (Oct. 18 and late Dec.); Butley (early Sept. and Sept. 25) and two (Oct. 18); Sudbourne (Aug. 23 and 26); Eyke, six (Aug. 23 with one remaining until Aug. 30); Bromeswell (pre-Sept. 4 and Sept 10); Martlesham (Aug. 25).


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R. Deben to R. Orwell Felixstowe (early Sept. and Sept. 12), latter died; Waldringfield (Sept.); Trimley St. Mary (Sept. 9 to 11). R. Orwell to R. Stour Stutton (Sept. 9). Inland Hemingstone (Oct. 15 and 16); Tuddenham (Nov. 16 to Dec. 28); Leavenheath (Oct. 5). (Observers: J. N. Hollyer passed on a number of reports received in connection with his analysis of the irruption for the whole of Britain and P. A. Banks co-ordinated records from the area between the R. Aide and the R. Deben. Others who recorded nutcrackers were: HEA, JMA, AB, PB, GBGB, FR-B, JCB, DAB, AC, CC, CRC, PRC, RJC, CD, EF, PWJF, MG, SG, CH, HH, RJH, SFH, HEJ, GJJ, RL, LFC, FEM, EM, JP, WHR, DAR, JS, PS, MW, LW.) 295 Bearded tit.—Breeding results at usual coastal strongholds seem to have been good, followed by the usual winter emigration. Inland records were: Up to six at Culford, Jan. to Mar. (RR), eight or nine at Long Melford, Feb. 11 (GW), two at Livermere, Nov. and three at Culford, Dec. (CAEK). 302. Fieldfare.—Unusually late birds — singles in each case — were Minsmere, May 31 (HEA) and Walberswick, June 2 and 3 (GJJ). Autumn passage again was early with the first arrivals at Minsmere on Aug. 15 (HEA) and at Herringfleet on Aug. 23 (HEJ). 307. Ring ouzel.—A very light spring passage with occurrences only from Knettishall, Apl. 7 to 17 (DAB, JB, JM) and Minsmere, one or two, Apl. 17 to 21 (HEA), was followed by a very good autumn passage between Sept. 9 and Oct. 3. Peak numbers were noted between Sept. 9 and 17 when c. fifty (forty-four in one flock) occurred at Walberswick on Sept. 16, with c. twenty next day (DJP), ten at Minsmere on Sept. 17 (HEA), five or six at Southwold (GBGB) and six at Orford (AB) on same date, with c. nine at Sutton on Sept. 9 (PRC). Smaller numbers also noted during the period at Aldeburgh (KSGC), Havergate (RSPB), Felixstowe (GJJ). 311. Wheatear.—No breeding was confirmed from the coastal belt and numbers on the Breck were probably down again, underlining the continued decline of this species as a breeding bird in the county. Two late birds at Orford on Nov. 10 (AS) were probably leucorhoa.


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317. Stonechat.—There was no recovery in breeding numbers, with only six prs. confirmed — four at Minsmere (HEA) and two at Walberswick (WHR, J D M ) . 321. Black redstart.—Bred: Lowestoft, two to three prs. (LFC), Sizewell, two prs. (per HEA) and possibly Ipswich (Miss L . Riehes per C G D C ) . Passage birds at: Sudbourne, Mar. 27 (PAB), Minsmere, Mar. 29, July 17, Oct. 22 to 24 and four on Oct. 19 (HEA), Aldeburgh, Apl. 7 (EFC), Orfordness, Apl. 4 (CRC) and Havergate, Sept. 16 (RSPB). 322. Nightingale.—While an apparent increase was recorded in the Hadleigh and Ipswich area (AB) with no apparent decrease during past five years between the Rs. Aide and Deben (PAB), elsewhere — and particularly in West Suffolk — a continued deline in numbers is reported by most observers. 324. Bluethroat.—Walberswick, Sept. 17 (DJP); Aldeburgh, Sept. 21 ( R J H ) ; Minsmere, two Sept. 15 and 16, and three Sept. 17 (HEA, CC, DM). 329. S a v i ' s warbler.—One singing, Walberswick, May 12 (GJJ, PRC, BN) and three different birds at Minsmere between Apl. 28 and June 1 (HEA, RSB, DM). [334. M a r s h w a r b l e r . — F . Krüll, from the Netherlands, who knows it well, saw what he considered to be an example of this species at Havergate on Aug. 26 (RSPB).] 340. I c t e r i n e warbler.—Walberswick, trapped and ringed, Aug. 11 ( E F C , G L C , DJP) and Minsmere, Aug. 12 (HEA, Hff, Jff), Lowestoft, Sept. 5, Gunton, Sept. 5 (LFC). 343. B l a c k c a p . — T h e wintering bird at Orford (SBR 1967) was observed there until Mar. 7 (JH). One in poor condition at Herringfleet, Dec. 22 (HEJ). 344. B a r r e d warbler.—Minsmere, Aug. 9 (HEA, JR), Thorpeness, Sept. 8 ( G J J ) and Blythburgh, Aug. 10 ( G L C , G J J , DJP). 357. Wood warbler.—Singing Sudbourne, June 27 (PAB); Havergate, Aug. 3 to 10 (RSPB); Stowmarket, Aug. 7 (RJC); Kesgrave and Witnesham, Aug. 10 (PRC, M G C ) . 360. Yellow-browed warbler.—Minsmere, Oct. 5th (HEA, GJJ).


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364. Goldcrest.—Figured in few reports. Breeding numbers still down on 1963 level at Minsmere (HEA) and many West Suffolk localities (WHP). 365. Firecrest.—At least nine different birds at Minsmere between Mar. 29 and Apl. 21 and in autumn between Oct. 19 and Nov. 26. Latter bird carried a Belgian ring (HEA). Also at Hollesley, Oct. 19 (PRC), Southwold, Oct. 21 (GBGB) and Herringfleet, Nov. 30 and Dec. 7 (HEJ). 368. Pied flycatcher.—Not recorded in spring and only a light autumn passage. Single birds occurred inland at Ipswich on Sept. 4 (PRC) and 18 (AB) and at Thorndon, Aug. 8 (RHCB). 374. Richard's pipit.—Single birds at Havergate, Oct. 6 (GJJ) and Minsmere, Nov. 24 (BWJ). NEW TO THE SUFFOLK LIST. 375. Tawny pipit.—Two at Minsmere, Sept. 9 (HEA). 376. Tree pipit.—Like other waste-land species, breeding numbers appear to be declining everywhere. 379. Water pipit.—Minsmere, Jan., Mar. and Apl. — two — Nov. (HEA); Walberswick, Nov. 17 (DJP). 380. White wagtail.—Minsmere, Apl. 1, May 2 and 30, Sept. 16 to 31 (HEA); Butley, Apl. 13 (GJJ). 382 Yellow wagtail.—There were few reports of breeding. One or two prs. at Sudbury (AAB), an area where numbers were formerly high. Blue-headed wagtail.—Livermere, Apl. 15 (RHM). 383. Waxwing.—One feil down a chimney at Lowestoft, Feb. 23 (HEJ); two at Minsmere, Feb. 16 (GH); three at Aldeburgh, Feb. 11 and two Nov. 8 (EFC); Oulton Broad, Feb. and Dec. (LFC). 384. Great grey shrike.—Much scarcer than usual, with only four or five records, from each side of the county, during both winters. 388. Red-backed shrike.—Roughly a dozen breeding prs. only reported from both sides of the county, which would seem to be an under-estimate.


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95

389. Starling.—A roost of about 100,000 birds in the Minsmere reedbeds in autumn and winter (HEA). 395. Redpoll.—Probably still on the increase in many areas thanks to afforestation. Only a single mealy redpoll at Minsmere in Mar. (AAB, GJJ). 404. Crossbill.—Very few reports with only scattered birds near coast in Mar. and May and in late autumn. Five or six prs. bred Tunstall area (PAB). 408. Brambling.—Numbers were again low in both winters, with the majority occurring in beechwoods on and near the Breck, for instance about 100 on Berners Heath in Jan. (CAEK) and about seventy at Fornham All Saints during the same month (RHM). Ms. in a small flock south of Brandon on Apl. 6 were singing (RVAM). Small numbers only, with a max. of fifty, on Breck in Nov. and Dec. (ALB, CAEK). 422. Lapland bunting.—Only reported from Minsmere, Mar. 13, Sept. 9 to 17, Oct. 10 and Nov. 4 (HEA, DM, P1M, BWJ). 423. Snow bunting.—Comparatively scarce again in both winters the highest number reported being c. eighty at Covehithe in Nov. (CRC). A lone m. over-summered on the beach at Aldeburgh (DBG, JKS et al). [White-throated sparrow (Zonotrichia albiCollis).—An example of this North American species was present at Lowestoft from Nov. 16 to Jan. 1, 1969, when it died (HEJ). The B.O.U. Rare Birds Committee is still considering the record.] ADDENDUM

1967

142. Dotterel.—A ' trip' of fourteen on Orfordness, Aug. 14 S (JGR). F I R S T A N D L A S T D A T E S OF SUMIMER VISITORS,

Species Sandwich t»rn 1 ree pipit htonecurlew v-hiffchafF Wheatear Yellow wagtail Sand martin jedstart S e warbler Willow warbler Whitethroat "lackcaP

First seen Mar. 20 Mar. 21 Mar. 22 Mar. 23 Mar. 23 Mar. 25 Mar. 26 Mar. 26 Mar. 28 Mar. 28 Mar. 31 Apl. 6 Apl. 6

Locality Minsmere " Walberswick Foxhall Timworth Timworth Shotley Minsmere Chillesford Minsmere Bury St. Eds. Benacre Havergate Livermere

Last seen Nov. 3 Sept. 19 Dec. 18 Oct. 21 Nov. 10 Oct. 15 Oct. 13 Oct. 28 Oct. 21 Sept. 20 Nov. 30 Nov. 25 Oct. 10

1968

Locality Minsmere Walberswick Orford Minsmere Orford Minsmere Timworth Sudbourne Minsmere Minsmere Minsmere Herringfleet Minsmere


SLENDER-BILLED XlTCRACKER, COVEHITHE, Sl'FfOLK, AUGUST 1968.

(Copyright G. St. J. Ho


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Suffolk Natural History, Vol. 15, Part 1

Speeles G r a s s h o p p e r warbler Garden warbler C o m m o n lern Cuckoo Nightingale Whinchat Housemartin Little tern Lesser whitethroat Swift T u r t l e dove Reed warbler Nighjar Spotted flycatcher Red-backed shrike

First seen Locality Apl. 8 Minsmere Apl. 10 Minsmere Apl. 10 Minsmere Apl. 10 Walberswick Apl. 10 Walberswick Apl. 15 Thorpeness Apl. 15 Walberswick Apl. 15 Minsmere Apl. 16 Playford Apl. 18 Minsmere Apl. 18 Minsmere Apl. 21 Minsmere May 2 Minsmere Mav 5 Minsmere May 5 Wenhaston

Last seen Aug. 24 Oct. 6 Oct. 25 Sept. 14

Locality Minsmere Walberswick Havergate Walberswick

Oct. Nov. Aug. Oct. Oct. Nov. Oct. Sept. Sept. Sept.

Walberswick Havergate Minsmere Minsmere Minsmere Southwold Chillesford Minsmere Walberswick Thorpeness

12 2 20 6 4 25 9 8 19 20

L I S T OF OBSERVERS

S. Abbott M . J. Allen H . E. Axell Mrs. J. M . Axell F. Rovle-Bantoft J. C. Barker G. J. Batchelor Mrs. P. Beckett M. Bendix G . B. G . Benson P. F. Boreham A. Botwright D. A. Bryant Brig. R. H. C. Bryers J. S. Briggs A. J. Bull A. A. Butcher A. Burnell P. R. Catchpole B. N . Cavanagh H. E. Chipperfield E. L . Clarke F. K . Cobb M . G. Cockram Mrs. I. Coe P. R. Colston R. J. Copping T h e Earl of Cranbrook I. D . Crawford E. F. Crosby C. G . D. Curtis C. R. Cuthbert C. Darnell M . D . Howell-Davies J. F. Denny H. W . S. Dockereil D . A. Dorling G. E. D u n n e t t G. M . S. Easy H . and J. ffennell

P. W. J. Findlay P. M . and E. M . Fisk E. Free D. J. Garbutt K. S. C. Gilchrist S. Good Mrs. M . Grant A. Grieve D. B. Green Miss M . Greenhalf J. Harvey P. J. and S. P. Harris Mrs. H . Henry R. J. Holloman A. Hopewell J. N . Holmes S. F. Holyfield Mrs. J. Holyfield Miss C. Houghton Lord H u r c o m b B. W . Jarvis E. W . C. Jenner H . E. Jenner G. J. Jobson Miss M . Karn C. A. E. Kirtland Lowestoft Field Club A. J. Last H . J. Lee R. Lee P. J. Locke H. A. Lyon J. G . Magee P. J. Makepeace R. C. Mansfield E. Mayhew R. V. A. Marshall R. H . May J. E. Moody D. Mower

F. E. and N. Muddeman D. Nesling B. Newport Miss M . L . Nixon M . Packard W. H. Payn H. J. Pease D. J. Pearson J. E. L . Pemberton E. I. Peters J. Prest W. H. Ramsay Dr. J. Raines P. J. Reed D . A. Riley R. Robinson J. G. Rolfe Sir J. F . Rowley, BT. A. D. Rowe M . G. Rutterford Mrs. S. Samuelson J. Shepperd J. B. Smart Mrs. J. Smith A. Sokolov T h e Earl of Stradbroke Lt.-Col. J. K. Stanford P. Staff P. T ä t e Lord Tollemache A. E. Vine Mrs. M . Waller G . Weaver A. E. Welch J. P. Wigery S A. Woolfries P. A. Wright L. Wright

Suffolk Bird Report 1968  
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