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SOME INTERESTING SUFFOLK WILD FLOWERS B y EDITH S .

ROWLING

[From records kept by her from 1886 to 1956. It should be stated that her earliest finds were identified for her by her father and Miss A. M. Williams, a former Biology Mistress at the Ipswich High School.] Hairy Grape-hyacinth, Muscari comosum, in a cornfield at Bramford, 1949. Elecampane, Inula helenium, in a ditch at Bacton. Small or Green Hound's tongue, Cynoglossum germanicum, on a a common at Darsham, 1952. Water Violet, Hottonia palustris, at Darsham, 1954. Wild tulip, Tulipa sylvestris, near Eye, found for several years, 1896 - 1935. Monk's Skull-cap, Scutellaria galericulata, at Flowton, 1950. Scutellaria minor, at Flowton, 1950. Common Dodder, Cuscuta epithymum, on furze bushes at Eye. Bee orchis, Ophrys aperifera in quantities on the Raihvay Embankment and meadows at Eye, also at Finningham and Yaxley, and at Whitton in 1948. Broad-leaf Garlic or Ransoms, Allium ursinum, in a wood near Farnham Hall. Great Burnet, Sanquisorba officinalis, at Farnham. Small Salad Burnet, Poterium sanguisorba, at Farnham. Moschatel, Adoxa moschatellina, at Farnham. Yellow-wort, Blackstonia perfoliata, at Farnham. Dwarf Tufted Centaury, Centaurium pulchellum, in Sandy Lane, Farnham. Com Cockle, Agrostemma githago, at Farnham. Blue Broomrape, Orobanche purpurea, at Farnham, c. 1898. Bird's-nest orchis, Neottia vidus-avis, in a wood at Farnham, 1901. Fritillary, Fritillaria meleagris, in low meadows near Farnham and at Framsden. Astrantia major, in a wood at Farnham. Hare's-ear or Thorow-wax, Bupleurum rotundifolium, at Farnham. Henbane, Hyoscyamus niger, on cliff at Felixstowe, 1902.


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SOME INTERESTING SUFFOLK WILD FLOWERS

Meadow Saffron, Colchcum autumnale, in meadows at Framlingham. Cows are not allowed in these meadows as the flower is poisonous. White Mullein, Verbascum lychnitis, at Claydon, 1943. Green Hellebore, Helleborus viridis, a small variety, at Flowton, c. 1938. Monkey Flower, Mimulus guttatus, at Little Glemham, 1902. Small Yellow Leopard's-bane, Doronicum pardalianches, at Little Glemham, 1902. Herb Paris, Paris quadrifolia, at Little Glemham, 1900. Dwale or Deadly Nighshade, Atropa belladonna, on site where Shell Mex now stands at Ipswich. Common Soap-wort, Saponaria officinalis, by Ipswich Docks. Water Soldier, Stratiotes aloides, seen for many years (c. 1892) in a pond near Westerfield Road, Ipswich, but this site is now built on. Field Cow-wheat, Melampyrum arvense, in Red House Park, Ipswich, 1894. Yellow rattle, Rhinanthus major, Red House Park, Ipswich. Thorn-apple, Datura stramonium, on rubbish heap at Ipswich and at Stowmarket, 1906. Bristly Ox-tongue, Picris echioides, on waste dump at Cox Lane Ipswich, 1956. Lamb's lettuce, Valerianella locusta, at Melton, 1956. Hemp-nettle, Galeopsis tetrahit, Nacton, 1956. Frog-bit, Hydrocharis morsus-ranae, at Pulham, c. 1940. Pale Toadflax, Linaria repens, at Farnham and Pulham. Bastard Toadflax, Thesium humifusum, at Pulham. Oxlip, Primula elatior, at Stowmarket. Adder's Tongue. I think this very small specimen is Ophioglossum lusitanicum in spite of having found it at Stowmarket—a species recorded by C.T.W., only for the Scilly and Channel Islands. I found it in 1904 and returned to the same meadow several other years, but never found it again. Adder's Tongue, Ophioglossum vulgatum, in a low meadow at Tattingstone, c. 1934. Lizard or Goat Orchis, Hinantoglossum hircinum, in a low meadow at Tattingstone which was badly flooded in 1932. Never found afterwards. Large Yellow Stonecrop, Sedum reflexum at Tattingstone, 1934.


SOME INTERESTING SUFFOLK WILD FLOWERS

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Butterfly orchis, Piatanthera chlorantha, at Yaxley. Colloma grandiflora (Polemoniaceae) at Wingfield, July, 1956. A native of Western N. America, having come over in seeds or com, is now found in a few districts in England. The plant is becoming naturalised in certain parts of the country, but this is a new record for Suffolk. I sent a specimen to Kew for determination. Blue Fleabane, Erigeron acris, at Whitton, 1938 - 1956. Purple Viper's Bugloss, Echium plantaginium, this specimen, C, found on waste-ground on Crane's Hill, Ipswich, in July, 1956, was pale pink in bud and petals on opening were pale lilac. Sugar Ground-cherry, Physalis alkekengi, escape from cultivation, Crane's Hill, Ipswich, July, 1956*. Butterwort, Pinguicula vulgaris, between Diss and Wingfield, 1898 - 1906. Common Bladderwort, Utricularia vulgaris, 1898 - 1906. Lesser Bladderwort, Utricularia minor between Diss and Wingfield, 1899 - 1906. Fen orchid, Liparis loeselii, a single plant in 1898 and another in 1906. Bog Pimpernel, Anagallis tenella, a single plant in 1898 and another in 1906. Sundew, Drosera rotundifolia, a single plant in 1898 and another in 1906. Long-leaved Sundew, Drosera intermedia, a single plant in 1898 and another in 1906. *Physatis alkekengi has

also been discovered by M r . M . G . Rutterford at Lakenheath and by M r . H . J. Boreham at Fornham St. Genevieve.—fc-d.

Some Interesting Suffolk Wildflowers  
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