The Hymenoptera of Suffolk

Page 1










" T h a t best of Entomological counties, Suffolk."—WKATISLAW.

" In a u t u m n , when the leaves are brown, T a k e pen and ink and write it d o w n . " LEWIS









3 n jüßemorg of T H E REV?: J O H N Of St. John's


College, Cambridge,

Professor of Botany THE



in that





Born at Rochester, February Died here, May ibth, JOB XXIX.









• OF




BENEFICENT • RECTOR • OF • HLTCHAM • FROM • J U N E • I O — 1 8 3 7 • TO • MAY . 1 6 ™ . 1 8 6 1 .

Copies of a mural tablet in the charicel and a brass piate in the south porch of All Saints' Church, Hitcham, Suffolk. Naturalist and a good Entomologist.

Ilenslow was a great

I l e paid considérable attention to

the Social Wasps and Bees of his parish ; very few of his investigations into this subject have, however, we regret to say, descended to us.

PREFACE. • BEFORE entering upon the substance of the catalogue, I should immediately like to express my great indebtedness to my very good friend, the Rev. E. N. Bloomfield, M.A., F.E.S., upon whom the onus of compilation has to a great extent fallen, but who generously handed the whole MS. over to me, upon my expressing a desire to publish it uniformly with " T h e Coleóptera of Suffolk." We have jointly been gathering matter and material for some five years, and had intended publishing them in the last issue of the " Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society." T h e acquisition of another very full list of indigenous species raises the total number enrolled to, I think, a sufficiently high standard of perfection—which in all things is comparative—for publication, since we have forty or fifty more species than are enrolled for any other county in Britain. It may be well to show in as comprehensible a manner as possible —and, in such cases, cause and effect are not always easily traceable—why we should be enabled to claim for Suffolk this large percentage of our British species. We owe the circumstance to a two-fold origin. Firstly, here was, as I have elsewhere remarked, rocked the eradle of Anthophilology. Not until he was thirty-eight, however, did the joint-author of the ever-modern " Introduction to Entomology" read his first paper upon this order before the Linnaean Society of London, and his magnum opus, which revolutionised what little was already known of the subject, and laid the foundation of the science as to-day recognised throughout the world, was not published till five years later. Being well versed in the flowers of the field, Kirby did not turn his attention to Entomology till 1785, when he was assisted in his researches in Suffolk by Gwyn, Lathbury, Coyte, Sheppard, and other prominent men of the day. After some unbiased attention to the subject in general, he soon



selected the Hymenoptera as his chief study, because " in no department of the animal kingdom is the divine wisdom so eminently conspicuous," and it is well for us to-day that he did so. T h e county is consequently classic ground for students of the Aculeate Hymenoptera; and it is noteworthy that, although somewhat fully worked during recent years, fourteen species of the Bees stand in the list which have not since been taken here, while one, Halictus lœvis, Kirby, is still unique in his collection in the British Museum. The second advantage we possess is shared with Norfolk, which, I believe, approaches us most closely in point of numbers, with two hundred and thirty one recorded species. This is owing to the peculiar geologically-varied formation of the county. The older the superficial strata, the scantier becomes the vegetation ; but in Suffolk we have nothing cropping up earlier than the Cretaceous, without which we should lose many of our most beautiful plants, and consequently those Aculeates by which they are especially fertilized. Aculeates, and particularly the Fossors, most do congregate in sandy places, and great tracts are thus afforded for their delectation by the often superficial crag beds, which, in many places in the east of the county, give rise to such poor land that it has never been reclaimed from its original condition of heath, upon which may frequently be seen tumuli thrown up at the time of the Danish invasion. T h e extreme north-west is also lavish of uncultivated areas, and consists, for a great part, of plateaux of valley-gravel overlying the chalk, with a saline admixture, of which the origin appears to be at present somewhat doubtful. In contradistinction, the rich " heavy lands " of the central and southern districts afford excellent clay, with which those species that prefer it may build their nests, and indeed all the intermediate consistencies are to be found between these two extremes of soil. A goodly number of the, nidificating Hymenoptera are entirely, or for the most part, confined to our coasts, and the salinity of the pabulum appears to exercise peculiar attractions for them. T h u s our extensive seaboard, which, of course, varies considerably with the diverse formations through which it cuts, provides halcyon fields for their study and capture, as several summer migrants can testify. 1 Appended is a list of the principal works and notices in reference I Sandhills, such as those at Lowestoft, yield very excellent results, and, doubtless, those on the less frequented p a r t s of our shores still harbour species that do not figure in our (British) List.—Saunders, E . M . M . 1897, p. 140.



to the Aculeates of Suffolk, but the majority of the authors of the later articles have been so good as to further furnish me with many important MS. notes and lists. I am much indebted to the following gentlemen, who have very greatly helped me to swell the number of species included:—Messrs. W. H. Baker, E. C. Bedwell, R. C. L. Perkins, M.A., A. Piffard and Edward Ransom. Mr. Harwood, of Colchester, has also collected along our southern border. The " Monographia " is, of course, in the first place, the foundation of the list as far as the Anthophila, with which alone it treats, are concerned. No complete list of the Aculeates of Suffolk, or any part of it, seems to have been attempted until Mr. W. H . Tuck, of Tostock, near Bury S. Edmunds, gave us his list of local species, in 1895. T o Mr. Perkins I am under a special obligation for the grand list of his captures upon the barren north-west sands. Although he has collected only at odd times during the last two years, he thinks he has got all the kinds to be found in the Brandon District, and this can be no vain boast, considering how full is his list for so limited an area. Mr. Perkins has not touched the Ants, and those recorded by him were of casual occurrence. H e has here taken a species of Prosopis new to Britain, which will shortly be published ; I have not, however, included this in my Comparative Table. Early in 1898 I published a similar list for the Ipswich District in The Entomologist (Vol. xxxi. pp. 12-17 a n ( l 38-41 ). 1 These three are all very full lists, including and perpetuating the majority of Kirby's records of a hundred years ago. Curtis gives a few notices of species observed by himself at Wrentham ; while C. and J. Paget, in their general Natural History, record a few from the neighbourhood of Yarmouth. Smith collected at Lowestoft in the years 1858-67, and many of the rarer species met with are mentioned in the Entomologist's Annuals and his various catalogues. Mr. E. Saunders paid a visit to Southwold in 1877, and many of the things then taken are recorded in his " HymenopteraAculeata." Mr. Parfitt, the author of the Devon list, and Rev. F. D. Morice, also mention good things found about Lowestoft ; the latter has very kindly marked a list of species observed by him there for our edification. Mr. Tuck has continued to collect, and has added I In this list the figures " 189" are omitted, reducing the real n u m b e r of kinds included to 205, but, since H. sorocnsis, pars. Saund. (nec F a b . ) = cullnmanus, Kirb., Kirby's record, ascribed to sorocnsis, Fab., actually refers to the distinct cullumanus a n d the total r e m a i n s at 306 spp.



a considérable number of species to his former rcmarkable list of Tostock Aculeates, recording them annually in the Transactions of the Norwich Society ; he has just sent me a sériés of interesting notes on his most recent captures. A few species are mentioned which were taken by Mr. J. B. Bridgman, F.L.S., so well known for his valuable researches concerning the Parasitic Hymenoptera ; these I noted while examining the magnificent collection he has recently presented to the Norwich Castle Museum.









WILLIAM KIRBY, M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., e t c . — M o n o g r a p h i a A p u m Angliae.

Ipswich. and

4 vols.

2 vols.






JOHN CURTIS, F.L.S.—British E n t o m o l o g y .





C. a n d J . PAGET.—A sketch of the N a t u r a l History of Great Y a r m o u t h and its neighbourhood. Norwich. 1834. JOHN FREEMAN, M.A.—Life of the Rev. William Kirby, M.A., Rector of Barham. London. 1852. EDWARD SAUNDERS, F.L.S., F . E . S . — T h e H y m e n o p t e r a - A c u l e a t a

of t h e


WILLIAM KIRBY, M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., e t c . — A m m o p h i l a , a n e w g e n u s of




in t h e class H y m e n o p t e r a , including the Sphex sabulosa of L i n n x u s . Trans. L i n n . Soc. iv. (1798) pp. 195-212. F . D . MORICE, M.A., F.E.S.—Aculeata at I.owestoft. E . M . M . xxvii. p. 276. EDWARD RANSOM.—Notes on W a s p s during 1893. E n t . xxvii. p. 137. G. A. J . ROTHNEY, F.L.S., F.E.S —F.nt. A n n .

1868, p. 95.

E . M . M . xviii. p. 262. EDWARD



F.E.S. — S y n o p s i s

of t h e



1880 and 1884. E . M . M . xiv. p. 163. Andrena ambigua, Perkins, in Norfolk. Lib. cit. xxxi. p. 98. FRED SMITH, F.E.S.—Catalogue of the British Fossorial H y m e n o p t e r a , Formicidse and Vespidae. 1858. Catalogue of t h e Bees of Great Britain. 1855. Suffolk N o t e s in the E n t . A n n . 1S59, p. 109 ; 1860, p. 8 6 ; 1863, p. 51 ; 1864, p. 1 0 8 ; 1S66, p. 122 ; 1868, p. 81. W . H . TUCK. M.A.—A list of the Aculeate H y m e n o p t e r a of a Suffolk village. T r a n s . N o r . N a t . Soc. vi. p. 36 et seqq. N o t e s on the habits of Bombus latreillellus. E . M. M . xxxiii. p . 234.

INTRODUCTION. UNLIKE his investigations into the Coleóptera, we have the majority of Kirby's work upon these insects handed down in its entirety, and the only difficulty that might have arisen is in synonymy ; this, however, has already been worked out by my predecessors, and there is now a-days no confusion possible upon that score. Mr. Bloomfield, however, advocated the insertion of those ñames employed by Kirby, Curtís, 1 and, in some instances, in the Ent. Annuals, which I, nevertheless, have omitted as unnecessary, since all, or nearly all, such will be found in the work whence our nomenclature is derived. I have copied the " Monographia " somewhat freely, but I have, at the same time, been careful to confine the quotations as far as possible to locality, situation, environment and date of capture. There are but few common species not now contained in the list; the majority of these have been inserted in footnotes in their approximate places and will in all probability occur at some future time in the county. T h e remaining century cannot, for the most part, be expected, either from their geographical distribution, attachment to geological formations which are not represented in Suífolk, or extreme individual rarity, to be here encountered with any degree of certainty. I t may be well to mention that the various areas referred to in the catalogue have a more or less definite circumscription. In the present list the Bury District is pretty well confined to the parish of Tostock, excepting only a few records from the neighbourhood of Rougham, where Curtis collected many years ago. Those Districts having their centres at Ipswich (five miles' radius), Brandon, Sudbury and Lowestoft have already been explained and mapped in " T h e Coleóptera of Súffolk," where will also be found a short account of i I understand Curtís' collection is in Australia and, without reference to actual types, it is often impossible to synonymize his ñames.



the physical features and geology of the county. In the case of Mr. Perkins' captures, however, a line drawn from the Little Ouse, about half-a-mile west of Brandon to the I^ark at the same distance from Mildenhall and continued along that river south of Barton Mills to a mile beyond Icklingham, thence in a northerly semi-circle nearly to Mildenhall and ending in an almost straight line to Santón would include the whole ground worked. Excepting the last, these Districts roughly include a ten-mile radius, and must not be considered as strictly confined to the vicinity of these towns, which is an unimportant point, as the physical features are similar throughout each District; and, since the same plants are found, one may be forgiven for surmising that the same insects would occur, with sufficient observation. T h e nomenclature followed is the most recent: that of Saunders' " Hymenoptera-Aculeata of the British Islands." As many of the species are very closely allied, and not easy to determine, it may be well to say that the majority of the recent captures in the county have passed through the above author's hands, and I wish to tender him my very best thanks for his unfailing kindness and assistance. It is apparently necessary to say that all the records ascribed to authors are quotations. In the " Coleóptera," this was not obvious to every one—at all events in the case of an insect said to have occurred " several years since," the passage being followed by the reference to a work and 1827, the date of its publication. Where no authority is given, the record is in all cases my own. CLAUDE IFSWICH, October ioth,




HYMENOPTERA OF SUFFOLK. HETEROGYNA. FORMICA. 1. R u f a , L. Bentley Woods. I have watched a very strong colony of this most interesting species for the last five years [E.M.M. xxxiii. p. 158]. There are others in the same wood. Holbrook Park, in May, 1894. 2. F u s c a , Latr. Mill Heath, Rougham, a small colony, in June, 1899, and plentiful, by the railway embankment, on Bungay Common (Tuck).—Abundant, in sandy places, about Ipswich ; Bentley Woods, Dodnash Woods, Belstead, Foxhall, etc. It also occurs at Felixstowe, Hollesley Heath and Southwold. I have found it carrying a ? Bib io johannis whose head and wings had been amputated. LASIUS. 1. F u l i g i n o s u s , Latr. Barham, abundant (Rothney).—Tostock (Tuck).—Common, in the Brandon District (Perkins).— S S, at electric light, in Ipswich ; Foxhall, Freston, Wherstead, Snape ; Sudbury. I have found this species devouring larvae of Liparis salicis. 2. U m b r a t u s , Nyl. Tostock, a colony in the house (Tuck).— Brandon District (Perkins).—Lakenheath ; Barren Heath, Ipswich, in November, 1894 ; swarms of S S and ? ? flying, at Foxhall, in September, 1897. 3. F l a v u s , De Geer. Ipswich, Foxhall, etc. ; very common in old pastures. 4. N i g e r , L. Dragging head of Bombus terrestris to its burrows (Platten).—I have found it attacking Carabus nemoralis. Abundant everywhere. Race a l i e n u s , First. Lowestoft, all sexes, in August (Morice).— Mill Heath, Rougham, and Thorpe by Aldeburgh (Tuck).—Not uncommon among the Felixstowe sand hills and at the base of the cliffs. MYRMECINA. X. L a t r e i l l e i , Cart. Southwold, one ? , in 1859 (Smith).


H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 2

TETRAMORIUM. i. C s e s p i t u m , L. All sexes, in plenty, on grassy slopes, betvveen Lowestoft and Pakefield, August, 1891 (Morice).—Brandon District (Perkins).—Common, on Bixley Heath, Ipswich, in April. STENAMMA. 1. W e s t w o o d i , IVeshv. Tostock, a ? in a nest of Bombus terrestris (Tuck).—Bentley Woods, one in moss, in October, 1897. LEPTOTHORAX. 1. A c e r v o r u m , F. Brandon District (Perkins).—Twice found on a post, in Norton Wood, about which were no traces of a nest, and which was tenanted by Odynerus sinuatus (Tuck). 2. T u b e r u m , F. Race n y l a n d e r i , Forst. Bures (Harwood).— Tostock (Tuck).—Common, beneath aspen and maple bark, in the winter, and by sweeping, and on Linaria vulgaris, in the s u m m e r ; Ipswich, Little and Great Blakenham, Bentley Woods, Dodnash Woods and Wherstead [Ent. Ree. vi. p. 114]. The three sexes beneath poplar bark, in Tattingstone, October, 1899. MYRMICA. 1. R u b r a , L. Race r u g i n o d i s , Nyl; race l s e v i n o d i s , Nyl. ; race s c a b r i n o d i s , Nyl. All common. I have found them attacking Lispe tentaculata, Oliorrhynchtis ovatus, Apion flavipes and Sitones lineatus. Race l o b i c o r n i s , Nyl. Rare. Pakefield, four $ ? in 1859 (Smith).—Foxhall, a $ in a sand pit, in August, 1896. MONOMORIUM. 1. P h a r a o n i s , L. Only too common in a baker's shop, in Ipswich. One, swept from a hedge-bottom, at Wherstead, on 2 2nd July, 1897, at least a mile from any shop, etc. ; probably this is its only capture in the wild State in Britain.

FOSSORES. MUTILLA. 1. E u r o p s e a , Z. 1 Makes a sibilant chirping, as I once observed at Southwold, where it abounds (Kirby and Spence). — Lound Heath,- uncommon (Paget). 2. R u f i p e s , Lair. Southwold (Saunders). — Lowestoft, the ? fairly abundant (Morice).—Two S S at Mill Heath, Rougham, July, 1899 (Tuck).—Bentley Woods, and in crag pits, at Fox hall ; decidedly rare. 1 Kirby, addressing a letter to Dale, on 20-9-1823, says :—I took the other day a mate specimen of Mutilla turopœa, which is a scarce insect (Freeman's " Life," p. 408). 2 I do not quite know what Paget understood by Louud Heath ; no such place now exists.

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF



MYRMOSA. i. M e l a n o c e p h a l a , F. Lowestoft, not uncommon, in 1858 (Smith). —Tostock, one ¥, in subterranean nest of Vespa sylvestris ; Drinkstone sand pits (Tuck).—Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins). — B o t h 3 and ¥ at Bentley Woods, and ¥ ¥ occasionally at Foxhall and Bixley. Last August, I found one attacking a small Dolichopid. METHOCA. 1. I c h n e u m o n i d e s , Lair. Suffolk (Smith; Ent. Ann. 1866, p. 131). TIPHIA. I. F e m o r a t a , F. Pakefield, very abundant, in 1858 (Smith).— Southwold (Saunders). — Ipswich and Barham (Rothney). — Lowestoft, ¥ ¥ abundant (Morice). — Felixstowe, common, close to the town, in August, 1896 (Piffard).—Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins). SAPYGA. 1. Q u i n q u e p u n c t a t a , F. Tostock, rather common, in June (Tuck).—A ¥, on a gate, Brantham, June, 1898. POMPILUS. 1. U n i c o l o r , Spin. Pakefield, one ? [the fourth British specimen], in 1858 (Smith ; Ent. Ann., 1859, p. 113). 2. B i c o l o r , Lep. Brandon District (Perkins). 3. R u f i p e s , L. Pakefield, abundant, in 1858 (Smith).—Felixstowe, two specimens (Piffard). — Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).—Mill Heath, Rougham, one ¥, 25-8-99 (Tuck). 4. C i n c t e l l u s , Spin. Southwold (Saunders, who does not mention the record in his "Aculeata " because he possesses now no specimens thence, but, nevertheless, thinks its occurrence certain). 5. P l u m b e u s , F. Near Yarmouth, common (Paget).—Pakefield, by thousands, in 1858: " i n numbers far greater than we ever observed any species of fossorial insect" (Smith).—Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).— Bixley, uncommon, in August, 1897 ; not rare, on the coast, at Corton, Covehithe, etc. 6. N i g e r , F. Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins). 7. V i a t i c u s , L. Near Yarmouth, common (Paget). 8. C o n s o b r i n u s , Dahlb. Tostock, two specimens (Tuck). 9. M i n u t u l u s , Dahlb. Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins). 10. S p i s s u s , Schiddte. Southwold, in 1877 (in coll. Bridgman).— Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins). II. C h a l y b e a t u s , Schiod/e. Lowestoft (Morice).—Southwold (Saunders).—Not common, on the sand hills at Felixstowe and Corton ; rare on Bixley Heath. 12. G i b b u s , F. Lowestoft (Morice). — Tostock (Tuck). — Oulton Broad (Bedwell). — Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins).— Uncommon, by the Gipping, and at Foxhall and Belstead. 13. U n g u i c u l a r i s , Thorns. Lowestoft (Morice). — Tostock (Tuck). — Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins). — Swept from reeds in brackish ditch, at Wherstead ; Foxhall and Sudbury.


H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 4

14. P e c t i n i p e s , V. de L. Lowestoft, in 1858 (Smith).—Southwold (Saunders)—Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins).—One?, at Millheath, Rougham, 25-8-99 (Tuck).—Common, in the Ipswich District : Foxhall, Claydon, Little Bealings, Burgh S. Botolph, Bixley, Bentley Woods ; Elmswell and Corton. SALIUS. 1. F u s c u s , L. Near Yarmouth, common (Paget).—Tostock, not at all common (Tuck).—Dodnash and Bentley Woods, Bramford. 2. E x a l t a t u s , F. Lowestoft, abundant (Morice).—Tostock (Tuck). — Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins). — Ipswich District, somewhat common ; Barnby Broad ; Farnham and Peasenhall, common on Dnucus carota. 3. O b t u s i v e n t r i s , Schiödte. One ? , at Tostock (Tuck).—Needham Market (teste Perkins). 4. P u s i l l u s , Schiödte. Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins). — Rare, at Bentley Woods and Dunwich ; $ ? , on Daucus carota, at Peasenhall. 5. P a r v u l u s , Dahlb. Tostock (Tuck).—Bentley Woods, a ? , at the mouth of a rabbit's hole. AGENIA. I. H i r c a n a , F. Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins).—Tostock, one, in 1898 (Tuck). — A $ , on a bank, near Clopton Church, and again at Tattingstone. CEROPALES. I. M a c u l a t a , F. Lowestoft, very plentiful, in 1858, settling on the wild carrot (Smith). — Tostock (Tuck). — Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins).—Foxhall, rare, on wild mint. ASTATA, 1. B o o p s , Sehr. Corton Heath, very abundant, in 1858 (Smith).— Southwold (Saunders). 2. S t i g m a , Panz. Lowestoft, in 1871 (in coll. Bridgman).—Felixstowe, one specimen (Piffard).—Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins). TACHYTES. 1. U n i c o l o r , Panz. Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins). 2. P e c t i n i p e s , L. Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock and Wortham Ling (Tuck).— Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).— Bentley Woods, Claydon and Ipswich, singly, on Angelica sylvestris. TRYPOXYLON. 1. F i g u l u s , L. Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).—Bentley Woods, Ipswich and Brantham. 2. C l a v i c e r u m , Lep. Brandon District, not common (Perkins).— Tostock (Tuck).—Common, at gate posts, etc., about Ipswich. 3. A t t e n u a t u m , Svi. Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District, not rare (Perkins).—Dodnash Woods, Clopton and Shotley, uncommon.






1. S a b u l o s a , Z. Suffolk (Kirby).—Corton Heath (Smith).—Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins).—Upon several occasions in Bentley Woods ; Wherstead. 2. H i r s u t a , Scop. One specimen, near Martlesham Heath (Kirby). — Corton Heath (Smith). 3. L u t a r i a , F. Martlesham Heath, two specimens (Kirby).—Corton Heath, not scarce, in 1858 (Smith). SPILOMENA. i. T r o g l o d y t e s , V. de Lind. Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins). STIGMUS. i. S o l s k y i , Moraw. Tostock, not uncommon (Tuck).—Brandon District, scarce (Perkins).—One, at a sand bank, at Grundisburgh. PEMPHREDON. 1. L u g u b r i s , F. Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).— Tostock (Tuck).—Uncommon, at Bentley Woods and Mildenhall. 2. S h u c k a r d i , Moraw. Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).—In Ipswich gardens and District, not rare ; on poplar, at Aldeburgh. 3. W e s m a e l i , Moraw. Tostock (Tuck). 4. L e t h i f e r , Shuck. Not uncommon, in the Brandon District (Perkins).—Tostock (Tuck).—Barnby Broad and Covehithe, on the Angelica. 5. M o r i o , V. de L. Tostock, several specimens ; a ? , at Mill Heath, Rougham, August, 1898 (Tuck).—This " h a s been till lately one of our very rarest Hymenoptera, but it has been taken in the last few years at Blackheath, by Mr. Beaumont, and at Bury S. Edmunds, by Mr. Tuck " (Saunders, E. M. M. xxxiii. p. 81).—Brandon District, local (Perkins). DIODONTUS. 1. M i n u t u s , F. Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins). — Ç ? , at Hollesley and Alderton, in August. 2. L u p e r u s , Shuck. Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock, rare (Tuck). — Rare, in Ipswich gardens, and on Angelica, at Claydon. 3. T r i s t i s , V. de L. Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).— A $ , on hogweed, at Mill Heath, Rougham, in July (Tuck). — Abundant, at sand banks, at Bentley Woods, and common, at Grundisburgh. PASSALŒCUS. i. C o r n i g e r , Shuck. Tostock, not uncommon (Tuck) —Brandon District, common (Perkins).—Not rare, in the Ipswich District. i A. (Miscus) campestris, Latr., is not unlikely to occur upon some of the sandy h e a t h s of the east, or upon the b a r r e n lands in the north-west, of the county. It has been taken near Norwich.


H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 6

2. I n s i g n i s , V. de L. Not uncommon about Brandon (Perkins).— Tostock (Tuck). — Dodnash and Bentley Woods, Ipswich and Shotley. 3. G r a c i l i s , C W . Tostock (Tuck).—Not uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins).—Ipswich District, very rare ; on the banks of the Gipping, in June, 1895. Barton Mills. 4. M o n i l i c o r n i s , Dahlb. Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins). —Tostock, one Ç ; and Rougham (Tuck).—At a pine fence, June, 1896, Ipswich; on Heracleum spondylium, Barham, July, 1899.

1. 2. 3. 4.

MIMESA.1 S h u c k a r d i , Wesm. Lowestoft (Smith).—Southwold (Saunders). —Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District, not rare (Perkins). Equestris, F Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock, in 1896 (Tuck). —Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins). B i c o l o r , F. Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).—Ipswich District, in 1894 ; and a $ , on Chcerophyllum, at Bramford, 6-7-99. A t r a , F. Taken by Mr. Kirby, in Suffolk, and I have once taken it, probably in the same county (Curtis). Several in Kirby's collection.—One, seen on a flower, at Lowestoft (Smith).

PSEN. i. P a l l i p e s , Panz. Great Glemham (Bloomfield).—Occasionally at Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon, not rare (Perkins).—Several on Heracleutn, at Bramford, and in Ipswich gardens, in July, 1899. GORYTES. 1. T u m i d u s , Panz. Pakefield Gap (Smith).—Southwold (Saunders). — Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).—Foxhall Heath, Bramford Marshes, Corton Cliffs, etc., singly. 2. M y s t a c e u s , L. Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins).—Bentley Woods, Blakenham, Benacre Park, Assington Thicks, not uncommon. 3. C a m p e s t r i s , L. Suffolk (Curtis).—Near Kessingland (Smith). 4. Q u a d r i f a s c i a t u s , F. Brandon District, uncommon (Perkins). — T o s t o c k 2 ; and a $ , at Wortham Ling, on Angelica, in July, 1899 (Tuck).—On Angelica sy/vestris, at Barnby Broad, and at Great Blakenham, in August. NYSSON. 1. S p i n o s u s , F. Tostock, not uncommon (Tuck). — Several, at Bentley Woods, in 1894, but not seen since. 2. D i m i d i a t u s , y « r . Uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins). —Five examples, at Felixstowe, just outside the town, in August, 1896 (Piffard).—Foxhall and Bentley Woods, singly. 1 M. unicolor, V. de Lind, may occur in Suffolk ; it does not appear to be rare in the South of England, but has not, I think, been found in Essex. 2 Mr. T u c k probably first took this in Suffolk, circa 20-8-98, together with seven other species never previously met with in his parish, though systematically worked for about eight years. Three-and-a-half hours' work with two young nephews on this day yielded thirty species of Aculeates, of which very few a r e usually accounted common.

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF



DIDINEIS. j. U n i c o r n i s , F. One, at Carlton Wood, 1 near Lowestoft, 27-7-63 (Smith).—Near Felixstowe, singly (Piffard). MELLINUS. 1. A r v e n s i s , L. Common throughout the county. Sometimes preys upon Syrphus ribesii\cf. E.M.M. xxxii. p. 182]. 2. S a b u l o s u s , F. Pakefield, in the greatest profusion, in 1858 (Smith).—Southwold (Saunders).—Lowestoft, not very common (Morice).—Uncommon about Brandon (Perkins). CERCERIS. 1. O r n a t a , Schceff. Suffolk (Smith's Mon.).—Not uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins).—In a sand pit, at Tostock, 25-8-99 (Tuck). 2. A r e n a r i a , L. Southvvold (Saunders).—Lowestoft (Morice).—Not rare about Brandon (Perkins). — Tostock and Wortham Ling (Tuck). 3. I n t e r r u p t a , Panz. Lowestoft. T h e only species of the genus taken there in 1858 (Smith). — A on Angelica sylvestris, Henstead Marshes, 13-8-98. 4. L a b i a t a , F Southwold (Saunders).—Ipswich District; Bentley Woods, on Achillcea millefolium ; Foxhall, on Setiecio jacobcea ; Baylham, Bramford Marshes, Little and Great Blakenham, etc., on the Angelica. OXYBELUS. 1. U n i g l u m i s , Z. 2 Abundant throughout the county. They prey upon Homalomyia scalaris, and carry them off between their anterior tibiae. 2. M a n d i b u l a r i s , Dahlb. — One, near Felixstowe, August, 1896 (Piffard).—Not rare in the Brandon District (Perkins). 3. M u c r o n a t u s , F. Not rare about Brandon (Perkins). CRABRO. in Stanstead Wood, near Long Melford,

1. T i b i a l i s , F One 30-5-98. 2. C l a v i p e s , L. Uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins).— Tostock (Tuck).—One $ , on fennel flower, at Alderton 3-9-99. 3. L e u c o s t o m u s , L. Tostock (Tuck).—Common about Brandon (Perkins).—Bentley Woods and Great Blakenham, uncommon. 4. P u b e s c e n s , Shuck. Bred from a stump, at Tostock (Tuck).— Taken about Mildenhall (Perkins). 5. C a p i t o s u s , Shuck. Ipswich, bred from bramble sticks (Rothney). 1 " Carlton Wood."—This is probably " Mutford Big and Little Woods " of the ordnance maps. Smith says its mode of running is exactly like that of a Hompilus. 2 A specimen, which I captured about three in the afternoon, and whose head I accidentally amputated in tubing, was walking about six hours afterwards, though it was dead the following morning (5-8-99).

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 8

6. P o d a g r i c u s , V. de L. Not uncommon about Brandon (Perkins). —Tostock (Tuck).—Bramford and Grundisburgh ; in a post, Holbon Marsh, Beccles ; Henstead Marshes. 7. P a l m a r i u s , Schreb. Pakefield, abundant in 1858 (Smith).— Tostock (Tuck). — Felixstowe, singly (Piffard). — Taken about Brandon, by Mr. Perkins and myself. 8. P a l m i p e s , L. Tostock ; I have obtained both sexes in plenty (Tuck). — Not uncommon about Brandon (Perkins). — By no means uncommon in the Ipswich District, at sand banks, etc. 9. V a r i u s , Lep. Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock (Tuck).— Bentley and Dodnash Woods, rare ; Henstead. 10. W e s m a e l i , V. de L. Pakefield, very abundant, in 1859 (Smith). —Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock (Tuck).—-Not uncommon about Brandon (Perkins).—AS, at Ipswich, 9-7-95. 11. E l o n g a t u l u s , V. de L. Lowest >ft (Smith).—To«tock (Tuck).— Brandon District, not uncommon (Perkins).—Scarce: Foxhall and Bramford ; Burgh Castle ; Walberswick, on Salix. 12. Q u a d r i m a c u l a t u s , Dahlb. Common throughout the county. I took a c?, carrying a Ç Homalomyia siala/ is to its nest in a sand bank, at Grundisburgh, 30-7-97. 13. D i m i d i a t u s , F Lowestoft, very common, in 1858, and two or three examples of the rare black males (Smith). 14. V a g a b u n d u s , Pattz. Tostock (Tuck). — Uncommon about Brandon (Perkins). 15. C e p h a l o t e s , Panz. Common in the Brandon District (Perkins). —Tostock (Tuck).— Ipswich and Clopton ; two c? o , at NVangford S. Peter, one small and oddly coloured, and one curious var. 16. C h r y s o s t o m u s , Lep. Tostock (Tuck).—Common about Brandon (Perkins).—Nearly as common about Ipswich as C. quadrimaculatus ; Barnby Broad ; nests in hollow willows in marshes. 17. V a g u s , L. Not rare in the Brandon District (Perkins).—One, at a sand bank, Dodnash Woods, 20-8-96. 18. C r i b r a r i u s , L. Forty specimens taken from Heracleum spondylium, Bentley Woods, 27-7-94. Always common. 19. P e l t a r i u s , Schreb. Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock (Tuck).— Common about Brandon (Perkins). — Bentley Woods and Ipswich ; Easton Broad, nesting in a loose sod, and Benacre Park. 20. I n t e r r u p t u s , De Geer. Great Glemham (Bloomfield). — Both sexes, at Tostock (Tuck). 21. L i t u r a t u s , Panz. Rare at Tostock ( T u c k ) . — , in the Ipswich District, in 1894. 22. A l b i l a b r i s , F. Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock (Tuck).—Not rare about Brandon (Perkins).—Bentley Woods, Barham, Ipswich and Felixstowe ; always on Heracleum spondylium. ENTOMOGNATHUS. I. B r e v i s , V. de L. Tostock. I now take this yearly in my garden, flying round old posts, in company with Psen pallipes (Tuck).— Common in the Brandon District (Perkins). — Common about Ipswich, from Dodnash Woods to Farnham ; Peasenhall.

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF



DIPLOPTERA. VESPA. 1. Crabro, L. Generally distributed, but more often found in woods. 2. V u l g a r i s , L. Common throughout the county. 3. G e r m a n i c a , F. Common throughout the county. Often at flowers of Scrophularia. A ? , in a street lamp, at Aldeburgh, where they are sometimes attracted by the enclosed Diptera. 4. R u f a , L. I have only seen two nests ; Tostock (Tuck).—Not uncommon about Brandon (Perkins). — Bentley W o o d s ; Hadleigh, $ in moss ; <J c? not uncommon, on Angelica sylvestris, at Barnby Broad. 5. S y l v e s t r i s , Scop. Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock, somewhat rare ; I saw a nest, at Elmswell New Hall, built under the eaves, like a martin's, August, 1895 (Tuck).—Not uncommon about Brandon (Perkins).—? Sudbury (Ransom).—Often found about Ipswich, at Clematis vitalba, etc. 6. N o r v e g i c a , F.1 Taken at Lowestoft, in 1896 (Tuck, in lit.).

T. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

ODYNERUS.2 S p i n i p e s , L. Uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins). C a l l o s u s , Thorns. Battisford (in coll. Baker ; teste Henslow).— Tostock and Rusbrooke Hall (Tuck).—Oulton Broad (Bedwell). — Not uncommon about Brandon (Perkins).—Bentley and Dodnash Woods, Copdock, etc, P a r i e t u m , L. Tostock (Tuck). — Not rare about Brandon (Perkins).—-Ipswich and Bramford, on Heracleum ; not rare at Southwold; Burgh Casile. P i c t u s , Curt. Not uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins). —Tostock (Tuck). T r i m a r g i n a t u s , Zett. Pakefield and Lowestoft (Smith).—Southwold (Blootnfield).—Tostock, rare (Tuck).—A maritime species. T r i f a s c i a t u s , Oliv. Tostock (Tuck).—Uncommon about Brandon (Perkins).—Once taken, flying along a hedge, at Ipswich. P a r i e t i n u s , L. Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock ( T u c k ) . — Brandon District, not common (Perkins). A n t i l o p e , Panz. Tostock, not very common ( T u c k ) . — U n common about Brandon (Perkins). G r a c i l i s , Brulle. Uncommon about Brandon (Perkins).—One, at Tostock, in 1884 (Tuck).—On Spircea ulmaria, at Baylham, in 1897, and on Heracleum, at Moulton, in 1899.

I T h i s is the t r u e " tree wasp." I r e m e m b e r some years ago seeing a nest built upon a gooseberry bush in our garden ; it was about the size of a cricket ball, and reminded m e of a halfopened rose. I told Mr. Bloomfield that I heard of two found in a garden, near Lowestoft, built in bushes, two years ago. T h i s year, when at Aldeburgh, I was shown a nest cut out of a gooseberry bush, end of July ; it w a s under a glass case, and I examined it, and saw some of t h e dead wasps, which were smaller than sylvestris, and had the " anchor " mark on the face similar to rufa and vulgaris, but not so distinct. It is curious that this is the second nest near the coast. — T u c k , 1899. 2 O. melanocephalus, Gmel., surely is to be found in Suffolk, though we have been unable to detect it : it nests in bramble stems, in Norfolk and Essex. Until Mr. Perkins' recent capture, we could not claim 0 . spinipes, one of the commonest British species, though I h a v e carefully netted all seen.

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 19

io. S i n u a t u s , F. Several, in June, at Tostock (Tuck).—Uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins).-—A strong colony, in an old gâte post, in Bentley Woods, 1894-96, where it was ahvays to be met with ; singly, on Heracleum, at Bramford and Brantham.


3. 4. 5.

COLLETES.1 S u c c i n c t a , L. Lowestoft (Morice).—Not rare about Brandon (Perkins).—Tostock and Wortham Ling (Tuck).—Occurred rarely in the Foxhall crag pits, in August, 1897. F o d i e n s , Kirb. Barhamiae, in fioribus/aeobœœ femina semel atque iterum lecta (Kirby).—Tostock and Wortham Ling (Tuck).— Common about Brandon (Perkins).—Generally common, on ragwort, at Foxhall and Bixley. P i c i s t i g m a , Thorns. Southwold (Saunders).—Lowestoft (Morice). —Tostock, scarce (Tuck).—Very rarely, at Bentley Woods and Little Blakenham. M a r g i n a t a , Sm. Not uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins). D a v i e s a n a , Sm. Lowestoft (Morice).—Uncommon about Brandon (Perkins).—Two ? ? , at Wortham Ling, in July, 1899, (Tuck).—Always abundant, in a sand bank, at Bentley Woods; Barham ; Southwold.

PROSOPIS. 1. D i l a t a t a , Kirb. Barhamite (Kirby).—At Wrentham, the end of June (Curtis).—Pakefield, on flowers of bramble, 1858, and both sexes bred from dock stems (Smith). 2. C o m m u n i s , Nyl. Barhamire et alibi, in floribus Resedarum frequens (Kirby).—Brandon District, common (Perkins).—Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock (Tuck).—Bentley Woods, Ipswich, Grundisburgh, Barham, Freston, Claydon and Tostock. 3. S i g n a t a , Panz. Barham (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck).—Common about Brandon (Perkins).—Ac?, near Great Blakenham Church. 4. H y a l i n a t a , Sm. Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock (Tuck). — Not rare about Brandon (Perkins). 5. C o n f u s a , Nyl. Southwold (Saunders). — Not common in the Brandon District (Perkins).—Tostock, rare (Tuck).—Uncommon, at flowers, at Bentley Woods, Barham and Mildenhall. 6. B r e v i c o r n i s , Nyl. Southwold (Saunders). — Tostock, scarce (Tuck).—Brandon District (Perkins).—Bentley Woods, Claydon and Henstead Marshes, uncommon, in August. 7. P i c t i p e s , Nyl. Tostock, one, on bramble flowers (Tuck).—Not uncommon about Brandon (Perkins). I C. cttnicularia, the county.

recorded by m e in error (Science Gossip, June, 1893), has never occurred in

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF



SPHECODES. 1. G i b b u s , Z. Barhamiœ 1 (Kirby).—Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District (Perkins).—Bealings, Blakenham, Bramford, Foxhall and Claydon. 2. S u b q u a d r a t u s , Srn. Tostock (Tuck).—Not rare about Brandon (Perkins).—Foxhall, Bentley Woods, Burgh S. Botolph, etc. 3. P u n c t i c e p s , Thorns. Lowestoft (Morice).—One $ , at Tostock, 2-9-98 (Tuck).—Uncommon, at Foxhall and Bentley Woods. 4. L o n g u l u s , v. Hag. One $ , in Park Lane, Drinkstone, 28-5-99 (Tuck). 5. P i l i f r o n s , Thorns. Tostock (Tuck).—Common about Brandon (Perkins).—Foxhall, Claydon and Bentley Woods. 6. S i m i l i s , ÌVesm. Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock (Tuck). 2 — Brandon District (Perkins).—Common, about Ipswich ; Farnham, Barnby Broad, etc. 7. V a r i e g a t u s , v. Hag. Toslock, one in May, 1893 (Tuck).— Taken about Mildenhall (Perkins). 8. R u b i c u n d u s , v. Hag.3 Taken at Tostock, in 1896 ; and six $ S, on the railway-bank, as before, in company with Andrena labialis, 2-6-97 (Tuck). — One <$, upon Angelica sylvestris, at Claydon Bridge, 22-8-99. 9. D i m i d i a t u s , v. Hag. Not common in the Brandon District (Perkins).—Tostock (Tuck).—Common, on Heracleum spondyHum, at Bentley Woods, etc. 10. A f f i n i s , v. Hag. Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District (Perkins).— Common, from June to September, about Ipswich ; Lavenham ; Henstead Marshes. HALICTUS.4 1. R u b i c u n d u s , Christ. About Brandon, Barham, Tostock, Lowestoft, Ipswich, etc., common. 2. Q u a d r i c i n c t u s , F. " Mas : lectus a me in floribus Agerati apud Blakenham Parvum " (September 7th). An MS. note in Kirby's interleaved copy of the " Monographia Apum Anglias ; " quoted by Saunders. 3. X a n t h o p u s , Kirb. Barhamiaî. Tempore autumnali mas flores frequentai, sed rarus admodum. Femina bis capta Aprile exeunti, 1800; semel etiam a D. Trimmer accepi (Kirby).—Uncommon, about Brandon (Perkins).—A?, on clover, 18-5-98 (Tuck). 4. L e u c o z o n i u s , Sehr. Barhamise (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck).— Brandon District (Perkins).—Common, about Ipswich : Washbrook, Baylham, etc. ; Covehithe. 1 Other species of Sphecodes are described from Suffolk by Kirby, b u t they cannot now be satisfactorily synonymized. I have many specimens whose a r m a t u r e is not exserted. 2 On 28-5-99, M r - T u c k took a <f, in the spring, probably the first in Britain, in Park Lane, Drinkstone. 3 T h i s is the only species of Sphecodes whose male appears in the spring, in this country. See Mr. Sladen's interesting notes (E.M.M. xxxi. p. 256). 4 T h e overlooked H. zonulas, Smith, may occur with us, though it is scarcely probable that it has yet been found, since the majority of the recent captures in the county have passed through Mr. E. S a u n d e r s ' hands.

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 12

5. Q u a d r i n o t a t u s , Kirb. Ipswich, Tostock, Brandon, Mildenhall, Barham, Felixstowe, etc., common. 6. L a e v i g a t u s , Kirb. Barhamiae. Acuì. : e rarioribus una. Mas : semel capta (Kirby). 7. S e x n o t a t u s , Kirb. Barhamiae, in floribus tempore autumnali haud frequens (Kirby). 8. P r a s i n u s , Svi. Uncommon, about Brandon (Perkins).—A $ , at Tostock, 7-7-97 (Tuck). 9. C y l i n d r i c u s , F. As Kirby says, " Barhamiae et alibi frequens." — Lowestoft, stylopized (Smith). — Tostock, a S , sent to Mr. Saunders, with two Halictophagi in it (Tuck), io. A l b i p e s , Kirb. Barhamiae, in floribus passim sed rarius (Kirby).— Lowestoft, stylopized (Smith). 1 — Not rare, about Brandon (Perkins).—-Dodnash Woods, Foxhall and Ipswich, on mint, n . P a u x i l l u s , Schk. Two $ ? , at Tostock, in August, 1893, in flowers of Inula dysenterica (Tuck). 12. S u b f a s c i a t u s , Nyl. In Anglia rarissima (Kirby).—Two $ <$, at Bramford, on flowers, 7-8-97 ; a Ç, at Lavenham, 27-5-98. 13. V i l l o s u l u s , Kirb. Barhamiae rarissima (Kirby).—Notuncommon: Lowestoft, Tostock, Brandon District, Blakenham, Grundisburgh, Foxhall and Corton Cliffs. 14. L a e v i s , Kirb. Barhamiae semel capta, iterum in Nacton, Suffolciae (ante 1802, Kirby).—The only British exponent of this srecies was taken at Nacton, Suffolk, as recorded by Kirby in his " Monographia " (Saunders).—I believe, however, both the Barham and Nacton specimens exist in Kirby's collection. 15. P u n c t a t i s s i m u s , Schk. Southwold (Saunders). — Lowestoft (Morice).—One Ç, at Tostock (Tuck).—Rare, about Brandon (Perkins).—One, on flowers, at Foxhall, 4-5-97. 16. N i t i d i u s c u l u s , Kirb. Barham, Tostock, Brandon, e t c . ; abundant about Ipswich. 17. M i n u t u s , Kirb. Barhamiae. In floribus frequens obvia (Kirby). —Tostock (Tuck).—On the banks of the Orwell, Shrubland Park and Bramford ; local. 18. M i n u t i s s i m u s , Kirb. Barhamias, . . . haud tarnen frequens (Kirby). — Tostock (Tuck). — Not common about Ipswich: Foxhall, Bentley and Dodnash Woods, GrundiNburgh, Tattingstone. 19. T u m u l o r u m , L. Lavenham, Alderton, Lowestoft, Tostock, Barham, Ipswich and Brandon Districts, etc., common. 20. S m e a t h m a n n e l l u s , Kirb. Lowestoft (Saunders). — Common about Brandon (Perkins).—Burgh S. Botolph, Bramford, Little Blakenham and in Ipswich gardens, sparingly. 21. M o r i o , F. Aldeburgh, Brandon, Lavenham, Tostock, Ipswich District, etc., common. 22. L e u c o p u s , Kirb. Southwold, Lowestoft, Tostock. about Brandon, and very common on Kubus, Epilobiutn, Matricaria and other flowers about Ipswich. 1 Of t h e stylopized Halicti, I took two S i and four J ? . I do not, therefore, think that t h e parasite can be rare in the neighbourhood of Lowestoft (Smith ; E n t . Ann., i863, p. tig;.

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF





1. A l b i c a n s , Kirb. Barhamiae, . . . frequentissima (Kirby).—Lakenheath, Ipswich, Tostock, Brandon, Sudbury, etc., common. 2. P i l i p e s , F. Barhamiae. In floribus haud rara (Kirby).—Ipswich (Rothney).—Tostock, in 1893 and 1897 (Tuck).—A $ , on Heracleum, on Covehithe Cliffs, 12-7-97. 3. T i b i a l i s , Kirb. Barhamiae. Acuì. : in floribus Taraxaci, . . . sed rarius. M a s : satis frequens (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck). — Near Sudbury (Harwood). — Uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins).—Buth sexes, on dandelions, at Belstead, in Aprii; Bentley Woods. 4. B i m a c u l a t a , Kirb. Barhamiae bis capta (Kirby). — Not rare about Brandon (Perkins). — Tostock, not common (Tuck).— Occasionally at Foxhall and Belstead, in August. Race d e c o r a t a , Sin. Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock (Tuck).— Lowestoft (Morice).—Rarely, at flowers, in the Bramford Marshes. 5. Rosae, Panz. Barhamiae, rarissima, semel tantum lecta (Kirby) — Uncommon at Bentley Woods and Bixley. Race T r i m m e r a n a , Kirb. Barhamiae (Kirby).—Common about Ipswich ; Assington Thicks, etc. A stylopized specimen, at Bentley Woods. Var. s p i n i g e r a , Kirb. Barhamiae in Salicum amentis rarissima (Kirby). 6. F l o r e a , F. One ? , at Rubus flower, in Bentley Woods, 3-8-96. 7. T h o r a c i c a , F. Barhamiae, in floribus tempore vernali frequens satis (Kirby).—Not common in the Brandon District (Perkins). 8. N i t i d a , Fourc. Barhamiae . . . frequens (Kirby).—East Bergholt (Harwood).—Uncommon at Tostock (Tuck).—Common about Brandon (Perkins). 9. C i n e r a r i a , L. Mas semel a D. Lathbury in Suffolcià captus (Kirby).—Rare in the Brandon District (Perkins). 10. F u l v a , Schr. Barhamiae (Kirby). — Tostock, fairly common . (Tuck).—Rare at Great Glemham (Bloomfield).—Bentley Woods, both sexes ; Wherstead, Shrubland Park, Nayland ; never common. 11. C l a r k e l l a , Kirb. Bentley (Harwood). — One, taken in the Ipswich District, in 1894. 12. N i g r o s e n e a , Kirb. Barhamiae . . . frequens (Kirby).—Common in the Ipswich District ; Lavenham ; Mildenhall, etc. Mr. Tuck sent me a stylopized specimen from Tostock, 25-5-98. 13. G w y n a n a , Kirb? Barhamiae . . . frequentissima (Kirby). — Nayland, etc ; common throughout the county. Race b i c o l o r , Kirb. Less common than the first brood : Southwold, Tostock, Lowestoft, Foxhall and Tuddenham S. Martin. 14. A n g u s t i o r , Kirb. Mas Barhamiae lectus (Kirby).—One $ , on dandelion flower, Bentley Woods, 11-5-98. 1 A. thoracica and cineraria h a v e not been taken here of recent years, and my record of these species in Science Gossip (June, 18931 >s in error. 2 Kirby n a m e d this Melitta after Nicholas Gwyn, a good ali-round Entomologist, who died at Ipswich, in 1798, and first initiated the Rector of Barham into the mysteries of insect economy ( f . Coleoptera of Suffolk, p. vii.). T h e latter's dedication is very typical of the man :—Memoriti botanici periti, tum et natura scrutatori indefessi, mihi et omnibus Historitz Naturali* cultoribus semper amicissimum se prcebentis, Nicolai Gwyn, M.D., Gippovicensis, hoc insectum dicatum volo.


H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 14

15. P r a e c o x , Scop. Barhamiœ, in Salicum amends masculis frequens, anno 1799 (Kirby).—Tostock ; our most abundant bee here at the sallows (Tuck). — Sudbury ( H a r w o o d ) . — C o m m o n about Brandon (Perkins).—A ¿ , swept from hedge-bottom, at Needham Market, 11-4-98.1 16. A m b i g u a , Perk. Two 9 at Tostock, in May, 1894 (Tuck).— Needham Market (teste Perkins).—One $ , at Sudbury, 26-5-98. 17. V a r i a n s , Rossi. Capta semel in floribus P. mali in horto quodam Gippovicensi (Kirby).—Near Sudbury (Harwood).—Tostock, not common (Tuck). 18. H e l v o l a , L. Barhamiíe, flores Rib is nigri frequentans, sed rarior (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck). 19. F u c a t a , Sm. Occasionally, at Tostock (Tuck). 20. N i g r i c e p s , Kirb. Barhamiœ. Aprili ineunte, 1800 (Kirby).— Lowestoft, on ragwort (Smith).—Southwold, several (Saunders).— Lowestoft, fairly abundant (Morice).—Tostock, in August, 1894 (Tuck).—Uncommon, about Brandon (Perkins).—Common, at Bentley Woods and Foxhall, in August. 21. T r i d e n t a t a , Kirb. Mas: capta semel apud Melton juxta Woodbridge, Suffolciœ, Augusto exeunti, 1799. Acuì.: Barhamiœ rarissima (Kirby). 22. F u s c i p e s , Kirb. Acuì. : Barhamiœ rarissima. Mas: in Suffolciâ, semel tantummodo lecta (Kirby).—Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock, in 1898; and several ¿ flying over Calluna, in July, 1899, at Wortham Ling (Tuck). — Not uncommon, about Brandon (Perkins).—One, in the Ipswich District, in 1893. 23. D e n t i c u l a t a , Kirb. Mas : Barhamiœ rarissima. Acuì. : Barhamiœ in floribus, maximè Syngenesiœ (Kirby). — Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock (Tuck). 24. F u l v i c r u s , Kirb. Barhamiœ . . . haud infrequens. Mas, ineunti Aprile, declivia circum arida irrequietus volitat (Kirby).—A stylopized S, at Cilex flower, Bentley Woods, 5-5-99. 25. C e t i i , Schrank. Acuì. : Barhamiœ, . . . haud frequens. Mas : Coddenhamiœ, prope Needham Market, in Suffolciâ, bis capta (Kirby).—Tostock, in 1894 and 1898, on bramble flower (Tuck). —Occurs locally, about Brandon (Perkins). 26. C i n g u l a t a , F. Barhamiœ. Femina in floribus Ranunculi bulbosi. Sœpius capta (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck).—Ipswich, in 1894. 27. A l b i c r u s , Kirb. Barhamiœ, . . . e rarioribus una (Kirby).— Tostock (Tuck). — Not rare, about Brandon (Perkins). — On fferacleum, at Wherstead, and one, stylopized, at Foxhall ; rare. 28. C h r y s o s c e l e s , Kirb. Barhamiœ, in floribus haud rara (Kirby).— Tostock (Tuck).—Westerfield, Blakenham ; Lavenham ; Ickworth. 29. C o i t a n a , Kirb. Mas : in Angliâ, a D. J. Coyte, entomologo Gippovicensi, mihi transmissa. 2 Acuì. : Barhamiœ, lecta semel Septembre ineunti, 1799 (Kirby).—Not infrequent, in the Brandon District (Perkins). — One, on a sandy bank, at Bentley Woods, 10-8-95. 1 I have never touched sallow blossom in the day-time, so cannot testify to the frequency of this and other " salicophagous " species. 2 T h i s (the S i has been taken only by my ingenious friend, the Rev. J a m e s Coyte, of Ipswich, by whose n a m e I have called it, and whose cabinet contains many other very rare insects (Kirby).

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF



30. F u i v a g o , Christ. Barhamiœ, mense Junio anni 1799, locis graminosis in floribus frequens. I have usually found it scarce, but in the year 1799 it was very plentiful (Kirby). 31. L a b i a l i s , Kirb. Tostock, a large colony (Tuck).—Uncommon, about Brandon (Perkins).—Apparently rare, about Sudbury and Lavenham ; a ? , near Ipswich, in 1893. 32. M i n u t u l a , Kirb. Barhamiae . . . frequens (Kirby).—Brandon, Wangford, Foxhall, Ipswich, etc., by no means rare. Race p a r v u l a , Kirb. Barhamiœ frequens (Kirby).—Continues to be so. 33. N a n a , Kirb. Barhamiae, bis capta (Kirby). — Common, about Brandon (Perkins).—Tostock, not scarce (Tuck).—Whitton, Sudbury, Ickworth Park, Moulton, Farnham, Felixstowe, etc. 34. P r ó x i m a , Kirb. Barhamiœ, rarior tamen (Kirby).—A $ , on Hcracleum sfiondylium, at Great Blakenham, 10-6-97 [E.M.M. xxxiii. p. 265]. 35. D o r s a t a , Kirb. Barhamiœ, in floribus frequentissima (Kirby).— Southwold (Saunders). —Tostock (Tuck). — Felixstowe (Piffard). —Brandon (Perkins). — Baylham and Claydon, in July and September. 36. S i m i l i s , Stri. A $ , on poplar, in Bentley Woods, 15-6-97. 37. W i l k e l l a , Kirb. Barhamiœ . . . frequens (Kirby).—Tostock, rather common (Tuck).—Common, about Brandon (Perkins).— Occasionally, in Bentley and (stylopized) Dodnash Woods ; singly, at Foxhall and Sudbury. 38. A f z e l i e l l a , Kirb. Barhamiœ . . . haud rara (Kirby).—Both sexes, flying over Calluna, at Wortham Ling, in July, 1899 (Tuck).— One, in the Ipswich District, in 1893. Var. f u s c a t a , Kirb. Barhamiœ, Maio medio 1800, in floribus lecta (Kirby). CILISSA.1 1. H s e m o r r h o i d a l i s , F. Barhamiœ, in floribus Campanula rotundifolice et Tracheiii femina haud rara (Kirby). — Plentiful, near Felixstowe, in 1896 (Piffard). 2. L e p o r i n a , Panz. Lowestoft (Smith).—Southwold (Saunders).— One, at Tostock, in July, 1894 (Tuck).—Rarely, near Felixstowe (Piffard). — Common, about Brandon (Perkins). — Singly, at Bentley Woods, and on the banks of the Orwell. DASYPODA. i. H i r t i p e s , Latr. Barhamiœ, declivia graminosa frequentans. In floribus etiam Jacobœce uterque sexus haud infrequens (Kirby).— Lowestoft, in 1862 (Smith).—Not rare, in the Brandon District (Perkins).—One finec?, at Mill Heath, Rougham, 7-7-99 (Tuck). PANURGUS. i. C a l c a r a t u s , Scop. Acuì. : in ericeto dicto Martlesham heath, prope Woodbridge. Mas : cum prœcedente capta (Kirby). 1 Macropis labiata, F., s w a r m s in Wicken Fen, Cambs., and will no doubt turn up in the Suffolk Fens a l s o ; and, I suspect, anyone, with time to look for it, could get its parasite, Epeoloides, w h i c h would be a grand addition to our list.—K. C. L. Perkins. in litt.

H Y M E N O P T E R A . O F S U F F O L K . 25

2. U r s i n u s , Gmel. On dandelion, at Lound, sometimes common (Paget).— Lowestoft, in 1858 (Smith).—In abundance, at Nacton, in August, 1896 (Piffard). NOMADA.1 1. S o l i d a g i n i s , Panz. Barhamise. Ssepius capta . . . . Martlesham Heath (Kirby).—Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock, in 1898 (Tuck). —Uncommon, about Brandon (Perkins).—Not rare, on Hypericum and ragwort, at Bixley, Bentley Woods and Foxhall. 2. F u c a t a , Panz. Barhamire, semel capta Septembre ineunti 1799, semel etiam a D. Lathbury (Kirby). 3. S u c c i n c t a , Panz. Barhamiae et alibi (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck). —Common, about Brandon (Perkins). — Bentley Woods and Copdock, uncommon, at Ulex flowers. 4. L i n e o l a , Panz. Barhamise capta ssepius ( K i r b y ) . — A <?, at Tostock (Tuck). 5. A l t e r n a t a , Kirb. Barhamise (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck).—Brandon District, common (Perkins).—Burstall, Copdock, Bramford and Lavenham. 6. J a c o b s e s e , Panz. Barhamiae (Kirby). — Not common, about Brandon (Perkins).-—Tostock, in August, 1898 (Tuck).—A ? > upon Senecio jacobcea, in the Bramford Marshes, 7-8-97. 7. L a t h b u r i a n a , Kirb? Prope Woodbridge a D. Lathbury semel capta. In Suffolcià, a me bis lecta, semel etiam a D. Marsham (Kirby). 8. G u t t u l a t a , Schenck. I took the second British specimen sitting upon a composite flower, at Bentley Woods, 7-5-97. T h e first, in Mr. Saunders' collection, is without locality [E.M.M. xxxiii. p. 280]. 9. R u f i c o r n i s , L. Barhamise et alibi, haud frequens (Kirby). — Tostock (Tuck). — Ipswich, Bentley Woods, Sproughton and Assington Thicks. 10. B i f i d a , T/w?ns. Widely distributed, and to be taken by anyone with sufficient time at their disposai, about Brandon (Perkins). 11. B o r e a l i s , Zett. One S, at Tostock, in Aprii (Tuck). 12. L a t e r a l i s , Panz. Near Sudbury (Harwood).—Not uncommon, about Brandon (Perkins). 13. O c h r o s t o m a , Kirb. Four specimens, at Tostock ( T u c k ) . — Scarce, in the Brandon District (Perkins).—One, in the Ipswich District, in 1893. 14. F a b r i c i a n a , L. Barhamise, sed rarissima (Kirby).—Uncommon, about Brandon (Perkins). — A $ , beaten from mountain ash, Bentley Woods, 3-6-98. 1 Of N. sex]asciata, Panz. (Schcefferella. Kirby), the latter says :—" In Anglià, a D. J. Coyte bis, a D. M a r s h a m semel, lecta." I am not aware that Coyte coltected outside Suffolk, and our claim is strengthened by the species being represented in both bis and Kirby's collections. I, however, omit it for want of direct evidence of its occurrence. It is parasitic upon Eucera. 2 Puerititr corniti feri ab incunabulis, adolescenticc mete et maturiorum annorum amico jucundo, entomologo prestanti, et rerum naturalium observatori item pictori, accuratissimo, Viro Reverendo Petro Lathbury, Woodbridgensi, hoc insectum sacrum esse volui.- Kirby's dedication. Peter Lathbury, LL.B., F.L.S., was for many years Rector of Livermere. Suffolk. H e h a d , however, deserted hìs entomological p u r s u i t s in 1810, and presented his collections, among which w e r e rnany good Hymenoptera, as is obvious from the " Monographia," to Kirby.

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 26

15. F l a v o g u t t a t a , Kirb. Barhamiae rarissima (Kirby). — One, at Tostock, in June (Tuck). — Widely distributed in the Brandon District (Perkins). 16. F u r v a , Panz} Barhamiae (Kirby).—One flying about a sand bank, in which burrows of Colletes daviesana are always abundant, but near which I have never seen Halicius viorio nor minutus, Bentley Woods, 27-6-99. EPEOLUS. 1. P r o d u c t u s , Thorns.2 Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock, common, in 1898 ; and Bungay Common, in July, 1899, several ? ? (Tuck).— Not rare, about Brandon (Perkins). — Bentley Woods, common, appearing to associate rather with Mellinus arvensis than with Colletes daviesana ; Bramford, Bixley and Foxhall. 2. R u f i p e s , Thorns. Not rare, about Brandon (Perkins).—Very rare, on flowers of ragwort and wild mint, at Foxhall and Bixley, in August and September. CERATINA. I. C y a n e a , Kirb. Barhamise. In floribus Jacobœœ tempore autumnali anni 1799, a me semel lecta (Kirby).—Once seen at Mildenhall (Perkins). CHELOSTOMA. 1. F l o r i s o m n e , L. Barhamiae, in floribus haud rara (Kirby).— Tostock, common, in June (Tuck). — Great Glemham, nesting in reed-thatch (Bloomfield).—Brandon District (Perkins). 2. C a m p a n u l a r u m , Kirb. Barhamiae. In floribus Campanularum frequens (Kirby).—Brandon District, widely distributed (Perkins). — N o t very common, at Tostock ; in plenty, in a Rusbrooke garden, in July, 1899, flying round Camp, trachelium (Tuck). CŒLIOXYS. 1. V e c t i s , Curt. Lowestoft, not uncommon (Smith ; Ent., 1868, p. 7).—Tostock (Tuck). 2. Q u a d r i d e n t a t a , L. Lowestoft (Smith). — Ipswich, plentifully (Rothney).—Tostock (Tuck).—about Brandon, local (Perkins). 3. R u f e s c e n s , Lep. Lowestoft (Smith).—Tostock, not very common ; Bungay Common (Tuck).—Rare, about Brandon (Perkins) Var. u m b r i n a , Sm. Lowestoft (Smith). 4. E l o n g a t a , Lep. Barhamiae. Sed rarius (Kirby). — Lowestoft, abundant (Morice).—Tostock (Tuck). 3 —Common, about Brandon (Perkins).-—Occurs very rarely at Foxhall. 1 Kirby named a variety of this, Sheppardana : " Revetti Sheppard, A.B., juvenis ingenui, olim discipuli mei dilecti, insectorum collectons inde/essi, oculatissimi, here Apis nomen gerit." Sheppard held the curacy of Nacton, in Suffolk (1804-7), and appears to h a v e been one of Kirby's most constant companions in his country rambles. 2 T h i s species, being so much commoner about Ipswich than the following, is probably that to which Kirby refers as Apis variegata, L., a n d which he took at B a r h a m , in August, 1797 and 1798, " sed m i n u s frequens." 3 Mr. T u c k thinks this is parasitic on Megachile ligniscca, which, however, I h a v e never detected about Ipswich.


H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 27

5- A c u m i n a t a , Nyl. Southwold (Saunders).—Tostock, female at bramble flowers (Tuck).— Great Glemham (Bloomfield).—Rare, in the Brandon District (Perkins). MEGACHILE. 1. M a r i t i m a , Kirb. In maritimis, prope Landguard fort in Suffolciâ semel lecta (Kirby).—Corton Heath, very abundant (Smith). — Tostock, two ? ? at flowers of Campanula trachelium ; Mill Heath, Rougham, 12-8-98; Bungay Common, July, 1899, with several Cœlioxys rufescens (Tuck).—Widely distributed about Brandon (Perkins).—I have taken it commonly, in its original locality, at Felixstowe, near Landguard Fort. 2. W i l l u g h b i e l l a , Kirb. I find it in Barham, in some low meadows which are surrounded with . . . willow trees (Kirby).—Lowestoft (Morice). — Not uncommon, at Tostock (Tuck).—Frequent, in the Brandon District (Perkins).-—Bentley Woods, probably rare. 3. C i r c u m c i n c t a , Lep. Tostock, scarce ; probably preyed upon by Cœlioxys acuminata (Tuck).—Widely distributed, about Brandon (Perkins). 4. L i g n i s e c a , Kirb. Barhamix (Kirby). — Rather common, at Tostock, in July (Tuck).—Brandon District, scarce (Perkins). 5. C e n t u n c u l a r i s , L. Barhamiaî (Kirby)—Lowestoft (Morice).— Tostock (Tuck).—Common, about Brandon (Perkins).—Battisford ( Ç ? and cells, in sitû, in coll. Baker).—Rare, at Ipswich, and one, at Famham, flying to hole in a gate. 6. V e r s i c o l o r , Sm. Tostock ; several $ ? were taken by Mr. Tuck, who also procured an old stump of broom from which both sexes were bred (Nor.Trans. ; and E.M.M., 1894, p. 198).—Widely distributed in the Brandon District (Perkins). 7. A r g e n t a t a , F. Occurs abundantly, with M. maritima, on the Felixstowe sand hills, in June and July. OSMIA. 1. R u f a , L. Barhamiae (Kirby). — Sudbury (Ransom). — Corton, Brandon, and in burrows, in pine post, Wherstead, etc. ; common. 2. P i l i c o r n i s , Sm. Lowestoft (Parfitt).—A ? , sitting on a gate-post, Brantham Dale, 19-9-98. 3. X a n t h o m e l a n a , Kirb. Apud Somersham, prope Ipswich, Julio ineunti, 1798, semel capta (Kirby). 4. C a e r u l e s c e n s , L. Barhamiae et alibi (Kirby).—Tostock, rather scarce, (Tuck).—Widely distributed, about Brandon (Perkins).— $ $ , singly, at Belstead and Great Blakenham. 5. F u l v i v e n t r i s , Panz. Barhamiae, . . . haud rara (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck).— Not rare, in the Brandon District (Perkins).— Tattingstone, Brantham, and on the banks of the Gipping. 6. B i c o l o r , Schrank. Barhamiae semel capta. Bis apud Blakenham Magnani (Kirby).—A $ , once seen at Brandon (Perkins). 7. A u r u l e n t a , Panz ( = T u n e n s i s , Kirb. $ ). In Suffolciâ, a me apud Henley prope Gippovicum, . . . lecta (Kirby).

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF



8. L e u c o m e l a n a , Kirb. Coddenhamias prope Needham Market,... semel lecta (Kirby).—Widely distributed, about Brandon (Perkins). —Tostock, at flower of garden sage (Tuck). 9. S p i n u l o s a , Kirb. Apud VVitnesham et Blakenham Parvam prope Gippovicum, . . . haud rara. In the autumn of the year 1797, I found it, in tolerable plenty, in sand and chalk pits; since which time I do not recollect to have observed it (Kirby, 1802). STELIS. 1. A t e r r i m a , Panz. Barhamiae, tempore autumnali bis capta (Kirby).—Southwold, six specimens, on Senecio (Saunders).— Tostock, rare; Bungay, July, 1899 (Tuck).—Widely distributed, about Brandon (Perkins). 2. P h c e o p t e r a , Kirb. Barhamise, Augusto exeunti 1799 lecta (Kirby).—Scarce, in the Brandon District (Perkins).—Tostock, flying round holes of Osmia fulviventris ; Bungay, 1899 (Tuck). 3. O c t o m a c u l a t a , Sm. Occurs sparingly, about Brandon (Perkins). ANTHIDIUM. i. M a n i c a t u m , L. In hortis oppidanis in Suffolciâ frequens (Kirby). — O n Stachys sylvatica, at Lowestoft (Morice).—Not common, at Tostock (Tuck).—By no means rare in the Brandon District (Perkins).—Great Blakenham, Bramford, etc., at Laminm purpureum. EUCERA. i. L o n g i c o r n i s , L. Barhamiae. Haud rara (Kirby).—One <?, at Tostock (Tuck).— o <?, not uncommon, periodically, in Bentley Woods ; $ much scarcer. MELECTA. i. A r m a t a , Panz. Barhamias (Kirby).—I have met with it occasionally, in Suffolk, from March to June (Curtis).—Tostock (Tuck). — Brandon, scarce (Perkins).—Ipswich, Barren Heath, etc., rare. ANTHOPHORA. 1. R e t u s a , L. One ? , by Thurston Station, on the white nettle, 1-6-99 (Tuck). — Exceedingly rare ; the only previous Suffolk specimen is a $ I took at Ipswich, in 1893. 2. P i l i p e s , F. Barhamne (Kirby). — Abundant, at Bramford, in April. Common throughout the county. 3. F u r c a t a , Panz. In Suffolciâ, sed rarior (Kirby).—This species is rare in Suffolk (Curtis).—Southwold (Saunders).—Lowestoft, on Stacirys sylvatica, its favourite flower (Morice). —Tostock, not very common (Tuck). — Widely distributed about Brandon (Perkins).—Apparently very rare about Ipswich. SAROPODA. i. B i m a c u l a t a , Panz.

Prope Woodbridge feminam bis cepi (Kirby).


H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF S U F F O L K . 20

PSITHYRUS. 1. R u p e s t r i s , F. Barhamiae (Kirby).—Wrentham, Suffolk (Curtis). — Lowestoft (Morice).—Tostock (Tuck). — Brandon (Perkins).— Ipswich District, common. 2. V e s t a l i s , Fourc. Barhamiae, sed haud frequens (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck).—Common about Brandon (Perkins).—Ipswich District. 3. B a r b u t e l l u s , Kirb. Barhamiae. Mas in Carditis frequens (Kirby). —Brandon District, widely distributed (Perkins).—Not common at Tostock (Tuck). 4. C a m p e s t r i s , Panz. Barhamiae. Haud rara (Kirby).—Tostock, frequent (Tuck).—Common about Brandon (Perkins).—I have never yet seen it alive. 5. Q u a d r i c o l o r , Lep. Scarce at Tostock (Tuck).—Widely distributed and not uncommon in the Brandon District (Perkins).

BOMBUS. 1. S m i t h i a n u s , White. The pale form is widely distributed, and to be taken in the Brandon District in numbers by anyone with sufficient time at their disposal (Perkins). 2. V e n u s t u s , Sm. Barhamiae (Kirby). — Lowestoft, workers only (Morice).—Tostock, not very common (Tuck).—Widely distributed about Brandon (Perkins).—Common about Ipswich. 3. A g r o r u m , F. Barhamiae (Kirby).—Nayland, etc., very common. 4. H o r t o r u m , L. Barhamiae (Kirby).—Common. Var. s u b t e r r a n e u s . Mr. Tuck has found nests of this variety at Tostock [v. E.M.M. xxxiv. p. 250]. Var. h a r r i s e l l u s , Kirb. Barhamiae (Kirby). — Lowestoft, $ S black, ? ? light (Morice).—Tostock (Tuck). 5. L a t r e i l l e l l u s , Kirb. Barhamiae (Kirby).—Lowestoft (Morice).— Tostock, the rarest of our local Bombi; in one nest was a small black S Psithyrus campestris (Tuck).—Frequent about Brandon (Perkins).—Foxhall, etc., uncommon. Var. d i s t i n g u e n d u s , Mor. Barhamiae, sed rara (Kirby). — Lowestoft (Saunders). — Tostock (Tuck). — Southwold (Bloomfield).—Rare in the Brandon District (Perkins). 6. S y l v a r u m , L. Barhamiae (Kirby).—Tostock (Tuck).—Common about Brandon (Perkins).—Bramford, Ipswich, not infrequent. 7. D e r h a m e l l u s , Kirb. Barhamiae, haud rara (Kirby). — Widely distributed in the Brandon District (Perkins).—Tostock (Tuck). 8. L a p i d a r i u s , L. Barhamiae (Kirby).—Alderton, etc., common. 9. J o n e l l u s , Kirb. Barhamiae, sed rara (Kirby).—Workers abundant on the purple heath at Lowestoft (Morice). 10. P r a t o r u m , L. Barhamiae (Kirby).—Common. 11. C u l l u m a n u s , 1 Kirb. Witneshamiae prope Gippovicum in Suffolcia, semel capta (Kirby). 1 " In honorem D. T . G. Cullum, Baronetti, viri amicissimi, it Naturce indagatoris docti, indiiesii " (Kirby). Sir T h o m a s Gery Cullum, F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., added many species to the Suffolk r lora, which were published in Gillingwater's " History of Bury," 1804, and " T h e Botanist's Guide," 1805; to him Sir James Smith dedicated his long-standard work, " T h e English Flora."




2. S o r o e n s i s , F. Both <? $ and ? ? , near Ipswich (Rothney).— One <?, at Barton Mills, in September, 1899 (Perkins), 3. T e r r e s t r i s . Z . Barhamiae (Kirby).—Always abundant ; Bildeston. Var. l u c o r u m , Sm. Barhamiae ; copiosissimè (Kirby).—Apparently common. APIS. 1. M e l l i f i c a , L. Abundant, though generally domesticated. It sometimes, however, nests in house-roofs about Ipswich and Tostock, and in July, 1899, I saw a swarm in an old pollard elm, quite a mile from any house. They had, nevertheless, probably escaped.

H Y M E N O P T E R A . OF


S U F F O L K . 22

TABLE. Britain, 1896.






Norfolk, 1889.

Suffolk, 1899.
















Comparisons are proverbially odious, yet often instructive. Perhaps, therefore, I may be forgiven for drawing a second table of the respective merits of the more systematically worked areas, saying only that the figures are but approximate, since we have not all the same ideas respecting species, varieties and races. COMPARATIVE










... ...





Barham (Kirby)


Brandon (l'erkins).

Ipswich Bury iMorley (Tuck). [personally]).

















As I have already mentioned, the present catalogue can, no doubt, be increased—our British list is being almost annually augmented. I shall feel obliged, therefore, to anyone who will send me reliable records of Suffolk Insects—not Aculeata alone—at any future date. It may be interesting to here mention that " T h e Lepidoptera of Suffolk " was published in 1890, " T h e Coleóptera of Suffolk" in 1899, and that I have lists of the Díptera, Neuroptera, Hemiptera, Orihoptera and Hymenoptera-Terebrantia in course of preparation.