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Prison arts program comes to campus BY ELLEN JONES CONTRIBUTING REPORTER


Inmates participate in an improvisation class at the St. Louis County Jail.

When Edgar Evans and Manuel Johnson were first incarcerated in a Missouri prison, they never predicted that they would one day find themselves discussing their love for William Shakespeare in the basement of a Washington University dorm. They have Agnes Wilcox to thank for that. In 1986, Wilcox founded the Prison Performing Arts program (PPA) with the dream of providing incarcerated adults and children in Missouri and Illinois the opportunity to enrich their lives through involvement in the performing arts. Accompanied by Evans and Johnson, two of her actor alum-

ni, Wilcox spoke candidly to an eager University audience about the nature and philosophies of her program. “It’s about breaking through stereotypes—one of my favorite things,” she said. During the presentation, Wilcox also previewed a DVD for one of the PPA’s recent productions of “Hamlet,” a performance in which both Evans and Johnson had leading roles. The film version of their performance, which juxtaposed their elegant period costumes with shots of barbed wire and high metal fences, helped reinforce the themes of transformation discussed by the actors. “One of the reasons we did ‘Hamlet’ was because there are only two women [in the play],”

joked Wilcox. “But another [reason] is that it’s everyone’s story.” “We couldn’t do ‘Romeo and Juliet’ for obvious reasons,” added Johnson, who played one of the four Hamlets in the production. “But I could really get into the characters in ‘Hamlet.’ I too had done something that basically condemned me, and some of us deal with that every day.” Evans, who played King Claudius, also reflected upon how acting helped him. “It gave us the opportunity to think about the harm we caused to others,” said Evans. The performances also provided a special venue for inmates and their families to reconnect. “It was wonderful to have my family there,” said Evans, a father of four and married for 21

years. “It reminds me that there’s something after prison to look forward to.” “It gave me a sense of accomplishment,” added Johnson. “And in prison, you don’t get too many of those.” All three speakers spoke carefully about how their participation in the PPA programs encouraged them to put aside stereotypes about life behind bars. “I kept thinking, ‘we’re in prison, we’re not supposed to do that,’” said Johnson. “But that’s the stereotype and [even] we tend to believe it ourselves… You’ll find some of the most talented people in prison and it’s really a shame if it all goes to waste.” For the most part, the actors’

See PRISON, page 3

Women scarce in Wham! Pow! Advertisement? university math departments BY JACOB GREENBERG


BY JAROD DUVALL CONTRIBUTING REPORTER In the past 14 years, there have been 128 women mathematics majors at Washington University compared to 235 men. This year, eight of the 46 mathematics graduate students are women. A recent study conducted by the University of British Columbia in Vancouver may explain the low number of women in the mathematics department at the University. The study found that women aware of the stereotype that males perform better in mathematics test worse than those who are not. “No one is quite sure why [these results are produced], but there are a number of hypotheses,” said Psychology Professor Adam Lambert. Lambert, while cautious not to extrapolate beyond the experiment, said this study most likely holds true at the University. “There is no reason to believe that it does not occur on campus,” said Lambert. “This might just be one of the many reasons that might potentially lead to the imbalance within departments.” Mathematics Department Chair David Wright also said that stereotypes are a reason for the low number of women in the math department. “I don’t believe there is anything genetic, but I think that from an early age, in schools and in society, women are being discouraged from entering mathematics,” said Wright. “Their role models tend to be in subjects that are verbal and not analytical.” Despite the imbalances, the University encourages women to enter mathematics and is working to increase the number of women in the mathematics department, said Wright. “We are strongly encouraged to hire women,” he

said. “Up until this year we had only one woman in our department. Last year we hired three new people, two of whom were women. If we have two applicants that seem roughly equal, then we give the benefit of the doubt to the woman.” Women in the mathematics department realize that stereotypes from an early age may discourage women to enter mathematics, but once in higher education, they do not feel pressure, noted Fnu Amei, a graduate student in mathematics. “I always think that gender doesn’t matter, so I chose my subject freely,” said Amei. “There’s more pressure when you go higher in mathematics. It’s getting harder, but I just don’t think the pressure comes from the gender difference.” Overall, Wright believes that the problem needs to be dealt with at a larger level than the university scale. “It seems like the study confirms what we suspect,” he said. “People are programmed to do what they are told, and if women are told to underperform in mathematics, then they will. I think it means that we can’t expect our efforts at a university level to solve the problem because it’s a societal problem.” In the study at the University of Britsh Columbia, over 220 women were divided into four groups and given a math test, a reading comprehension test and a second math test. Two groups of women were given essays stating there are genetic differences between men and women regarding mathematical performance, while the other two groups read essays claiming equality between men and women. Not only did the women in the latter groups perform worse than those in the former, but their scores declined between math tests.

Matchmaker, matchmaker... The Performing Arts Department continues its run of “Fiddler on the Roof.” Theater Editor Michelle Stein tells you why this is a can’t miss production. Cadenza, Page 5

In the 21st century, people expect to see advertisements everywhere: in the stores, newspapers, websites and, of course, on TV—but in video games? In a world of TiVo and pop-up blockers, advertising in computer and video games is one of the emerging trends in the industry. “I don’t see this new method of advertising as a problem,” said Amar Cheema, assistant professor of marketing in the Olin School of Business. Users are aware that they are in a commercial space, said Cheema, and that they may be exposed to stimuli that are violent, harmful

or commercial in nature. Most advertisements used in video games are created to blend in with the nature of the game. For example, in the online multiplayer game “Counter-Strike,” a player may pass by a building with a Subway poster hanging from it. A player might see a Red Bull energy drink in “Judge Dredd: Dredd vs. Death.” “I don’t believe advertisers are in the wrong to place ads in video games,” said Patrick Rishe, who teaches a class entitled “The Economics of Sports.” The danger of such advertising, according to Cheema, comes in the heightened vulnerability of consumers, particularly children.

“When I see an ad in the real world, I know it is an ad and may use remedial arguments to counter it, if I choose. In a video game, I am not necessarily aware that I am viewing an ad,” said Cheema. This advertising might be particularly problematic for children, because it is an avenue that may not be monitored by adults. “In addition, kids may be more susceptible to this medium because they have less developed capabilities to filter what is an ad and what is not,” said Cheema. Students expressed varying opinions on in-game advertising. “I think that in-game ads are cool and add realism to the

game,” said freshman Jacob Kider. Others are wary of advertising, saying that it detracts from a game’s ability to be perceived as art. “When the game becomes commercialized in that way, then it loses its ability to be a true form of art,” said freshman David Houston. In-game advertising firm IGA Worldwide recently confounded problems associated with ingame advertising. Approximately a week and a half ago, news leaked across the Internet that with the release of Electronic Arts’ (EA) “Battlefield 2142”

See VIDEO GAMES, page 3

Danforth proposes $1 Billion Agriculture Research Center


In an effort to modernize agricultural research, former University Chancellor William Danforth has proposed a new agricultural research center. BY SCOTT FABRICANT CONTRIBUTING REPORTER Former Chancellor William Danforth is proposing a new $1 billion National Institute of Food and Agriculture to modernize agricultural research. The institute will issue grants to scientists performing research to solve agricultural problems. According to Danforth, agricultural methods in the past have been successful but not sustainable. Such problems

include draining much of the world’s fresh water, fertilizer run-off polluting rivers and oceans and erosion of topsoil. Additionally, new technologies such as genetically modified foods and biofuels can be pursued. “It’s a long and very difficult challenge to wean people off of petroleum, but we ought to start now. If you’re going to get more of your fuel from plants, you have to do a whole bunch of other things, including growing more plants per acre,

Football falls to Carnegie Mellon Football had a heart-breaking loss this weekend against UAA champs Carnegie Mellon. Also inside: cross country takes second at UAA meet. Sports, Page 4

so there’s enough for food and fuel,” said Danforth. In an editorial to the journal Science, Danforth suggested that the next great agricultural innovations are going to come from basic science, rather than traditional agricultural research. Danforth chaired a U.S. Department of Agriculture committee, which submitted the proposal for the new institute. Their plan is for it to be modeled after the National Institute of Heath and the National

INSIDE: Sports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Cadenza . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Forum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Classifieds . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Sudoku . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Science Foundation. Scientists will apply for grants, and advisory committees will choose the most important and promising projects to be issued the grants. The institute’s $1 billion budget will also increase total spending on agricultural research. “The NIH spends about $14 on research for every dollar spent by the Department of Agriculture. That, in my view, is a [poor] setting of national




STUDENT LIFE One Brookings Drive #1039 #42 Women’s Building Saint Louis, MO 63130-4899 News: (314) 935-5995 Advertising: (314) 935-6713 Fax: (314) 935-5938 e-mail: Copyright 2006 Editor in Chief: Sarah Kliff Associate Editor: Liz Neukirch Managing Editors: Justin Davidson, David Tabor Senior News Editor: Mandy Silver Senior Forum Editor: Daniel Milstein Senior Cadenza Editor: Ivanna Yang Senior Scene Editor: Erin Fults Senior Sports Editor: Andrei Berman Senior Photo Editor: David Brody Senior Graphics Editor: Rachel Harris News Editors: Troy Rumans, Laura Geggel Contributing Editor: Shweta Murthi Forum Editors: Tess Croner, Nathan Everly, Chelsea Murphy, Jill Strominger Cadenza Editors: Elizabeth Ochoa, Brian Stitt Scene Editors: Sarah Klein, Felicia Baskin Sports Editor: Scott Kaufman-Ross Photo Editors: David Hartstein, Meghan Luecke, Jason Hubert, Carolyn Goldstein Online Editor: Matt Rubin Design Chief: Laura McLean Production Chief: Anna Dinndorf Copy Chief: Mallory Wilder Copy Editors: hannah draper, Emily Fridman, Jessica Katzenstein, Brian Krigsher, Allie Wieczorek Designers: Ellen Lo, Jamie Reed, Elizabeth Kaufman, Kate Ehrlich General Manager: Andrew O’Dell Advertising Manager: Sara Judd Copyright 2006 Washington University Student Media, Inc. (WUSMI). Student Life is the financially and editorially independent, student-run newspaper serving the Washington University community. First copy of each publication is free; all additional copies are 50 cents. Subscriptions may be purchased for $80.00 by calling (314) 935-6713. Student Life is a publication of WUSMI and does not necessarily represent, in whole or in part, the views of the Washington University administration, faculty or students. All Student Life articles, photos and graphics are the property of WUSMI and may not be reproduced or published without the express written consent of the General Manager. Pictures and graphics printed in Student Life are available for purchase; e-mail editor@ for more information. Student Life reserves the right to edit all submissions for style, grammar, length and accuracy. The intent of submissions will not be altered. Student Life reserves the right not to publish all submissions. If you’d like to place an ad, please contact the Advertising Department at (314) 935-6713. If you wish to report an error or request a clarification, e-mail

Senior News Editor / Mandy Silver /

Unexpected alarms trouble Liggett-Koenig Residents BY SCOTT FABRICANT CONTRIBUTING REPORTER A number of ďŹ re alarms have disturbed the residents of Liggett/Koenig residential college this semester, including two consecutive nights last week. Some students are fed up, but the administration believes the problems may be ďŹ nally solved. The uniďŹ ed Liggett-Koenig residential college opened for residents for the ďŹ rst time at the beginning of the semester. For the ďŹ rst few weeks, ďŹ re alarms were going off at an unusually high rate. The University determined the ultimate cause to be the new smoke detectors, which had yet to be fully calibrated and were too sensitive. Shower steam set the detectors off on a regular basis. “They put the ďŹ re alarms right outside the bathroom. Students take long hot showers, and it set them off,â€? said freshman Jordan Roberts. Signs were posted on bulletin boards throughout Liggett-Koenig for students to be careful of

their shower steam. With the detectors seemingly repaired, these signs may now be relics. The two ďŹ re alarms last week were not due to faulty detectors. Thursday morning, two students pulled the ďŹ re alarms, possibly as a prank. The students have not yet been caught. On Friday morning, a belt in the air conditioning unit malfunctioned and caught on ďŹ re. While some smoke was released into the building, there was no damage. Reslife believes this was an isolated incident. The high number of activated ďŹ re alarms has bothered students this semester. Many have rushed out in the middle of the night unprepared for the weather. “One night, I was caught with no shoes on. I had to stand outside barefoot in the rain and the cold,â€? said sophomore Alex Jensen. The plight is even worse for the people who set off the alarms with their shower steam, according to Roberts. “The kids in the shower who set [the alarms] off, they have to put on a towel and that’s it.â€?

Some students are worried that people will stop taking the ďŹ re alarms seriously if false alarms continue to occur. They may learn to sleep through them, or just not leave their room. As Friday proved, sometimes an alarm can be the real thing. “It’s dangerous. People will think its not real, and they won’t leave at night,â€? said sophomore Yogitha Potini. Liggett/Koenig residential college director Mary Elliott has not seen Potini’s fears come to fruition. She believes that students are continuing to treat all ďŹ re alarms like the real thing, especially since the steam issue has been resolved. “They’re really good about it. They were really responsible, and they all came out in time,â€? said Elliott. Fire alarms are not a new issue. Last year, Lien had its own spate of alarms, some mysterious, some popcorn-related. What’s important, in Elliott’s opinion, is that people be mindful about alarms and treat all ďŹ re alarms like the real thing.


AGRICULTURE v FROM PAGE 1 priorities. Agriculture research is very important. If you think of our dependence on foreign oil, efforts to cut down on carbon dioxide in the air and efforts to preserve the environment, agricultural research needs to be right up there,â€? said Danforth. “There is still starvation in the world, a lot of people who are underfed. I think it’s a big, big need.â€? Some of this money could go to Wash. U. and the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, both of which have scientists eligible to apply for grants. However, most of the money would likely go to established agricultural colleges and land grant universities. Professor Barbara Schaal, whose research focuses on plant genetics, also believes we need to increase agricultural research. She suggests that combining specialties can help solve difďŹ cult problems. “You want to have different groups of people together. If you’re going to be doing biofuels for example, you want people that are interested in microbiology, agriculture and chemistry. You want to have

new clusters of individuals with different expertise together so you can really make innovations,� said Schaal. “Right now, a lot of the agricultural research is being done at agricultural universities, and what you want to do is get the biophysicists and chemists and microbiologists who aren’t normally part of those clusters involved. That doesn’t mean you replace all the current agricultural research, but you need to do some new things as well.� Schaal added, “Having a new structure, a new institute, is exactly the right thing to do. I’d do it the exact same way [as Danforth].� The proposed National Institute of Food and Agriculture would exist to foster such creative new basic and applied agriculture science through increased funding and an overhauled selection process. “I think agricultural research has done so much, but now its time to modernize agricultural research so it can do the basic science out of which the next great innovations are going to come,� said Danforth.

Internships abroad help students land jobs later BY DREW POLLARD CONTRIBUTING REPORTER Washington University business students may soon be asking for chips instead of fries and crisps in lieu of chips after studying abroad in London through the Olin internship program. The program is coordinated with London’s Cass School of Business, where students take classes. The internship provides students with a hands-on opportunity to develop their business acumen. According to Associate Dean Gary Hochberg of the Olin School of Business, the program is unique in its intensity and the level of responsibility given to students. “[The program is] the strongest possible experience a student could have—full-time jobs with real responsibilities, students take with them a differ-

ent sort of self conďŹ dence,â€? said Hochberg. The program has also proven to be an effective tool in preparing students for life after college. “A student who participates in the program is more likely to have a job at graduation than a student who doesn’t, they have the experience of doing a real job,â€? said Hochberg. “Any corporate recruiter could tell the difference between a student who had the experience and one who hadn’t.â€? Senior Harsh Sethi, who worked for Lehman Brothers last semester, agrees. “The program put me in an environment without the comforts of the University. Being in London was a replica for a real life situation,â€? said Sethi. “I feel like I am ready to go into the real world.â€? With ďŹ nancial internships,

students worked closely with ďŹ nancial analysts to produce analytical reports for their respective corporations. Students were given more responsibility by the middle of the semester, said Sethi, adding that students needed to have an interest in ďŹ nance and know what to do in order to succeed. “Students need to have an open mind about learning, adapt to the situations they ďŹ nd themselves in. They may not be comfortable with that, and they may struggle with that, but they need to do the things that the internship supervisors tell them to do,â€? said Hochberg. “They might not understand why it is important, but they need to do it well.â€? In addition to the program to London, the Business School also offers internships in Paris and Koblenz, Germany. However, these programs are differ-

ent from the London program because students have to ďŹ rst adjust to their respective countries. “[It taught us] how to ďŹ t in with a culture completely different,â€? said senior Nivedita Kulkarni, who studied in Paris last semester. “The London kids got real work, we learned how to work around the culture.â€? The consensus regarding the Business School’s London program is that it is not for those who want to study abroad strictly to study abroad. Employers expect students to produce work that will beneďŹ t the company. Students often work hours in addition to regular business hours. “This is an incredibly powerful experience for students to have. I’m proud of the program; it is very unique. I don’t know of any other college that is doing an internship program as intense

as this one,â€? said Hochberg. “I’m proud of the students who participate and meet the challenges that they face and the personal growth they experience.â€? Last semester, 52 students went to London to participate in semester-long internships, which give students a real-life work experience while living abroad. Internships place students in some of the top corporate ofďŹ ces in London. Most interns work in ďŹ nancial services, but students are matched with their particular interests. In the past, students have worked for ďŹ nancial services such as Goldman Sachs, Lehman Brothers and Barclay’s Bank, in addition to positions in marketing corporations. The experience is primarily a learning experience but students take on responsibilities that have an impact on the corporation.


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Senior News Editor / Mandy Silver /

VIDEO GAMES v FROM PAGE 1 would contain spyware used by In-Game Advertising (IGA). “[The spyware technology] does not capture any personally identifiable information,” said IGA CEO Justin Townsend in a public announcement. The software uses players’ internet protocol (IP) addresses to monitor data such as their location, the time of day they play, and the approximate amount of time they spend looking at an in-game advertisement. IGA claims the collected information is being used for “above the line” advertising, meaning they have a more generic message trying to convey brand image, not trying to target individual consumers. This type of profiling is nothing new in the advertising industry, noted Cheema. There are currently adware programs that track Web site browsing and serve user-specific pop-ups as a consequence. Large companies, such as Yahoo! and American Express, are currently using such technology to get a better idea of what types of products the users are most likely to look at. Rishe did not find anything wrong with the use of spyware, adding that since companies are not using it to spy upon custom-


Juniors Jason Logan (left) and Frank Beling play Halo 2 with their suitemates on Tuesday, Oct. 31. Some new games, such as the soon to be released Battlefield 2142, have In-Game Advertisements that mold to habits of the players. ers, then they should advertise as much as the market will bear. “The potential problem with this technology would be if users had not agreed to some sort of privacy agreement that permitted the use of spyware,” said Cheema. However, if users agreed, then there is nothing illegal or particularly immoral

about such advertising. “This technology is probably somewhat of an invasion of privacy,” said sophomore Andrew Berkovits. “However, people voluntarily choose to play the game, and it is unlikely that most people will fight this technology.”

PRISON PERFORMANCE v FROM PAGE 1 participation in PPA programming was well received by the other inmates. Remembering the camaraderie that emerged from the program, however, Johnson couldn’t help but acknowledge that it wasn’t always easy for everyone to be a part of the cast. “Keep in mind the environment that we’re talking about,” he said. “We all are, or were, criminals at one time.” Since their respective releases from prison, both Evans and Johnson have found great joy and success with their families. They have not abandoned their PPA roots, of course. In addition to speaking at lectures like the one held this week in the Village, both men have participated in fundraising events for the program, where they often reenact scenes from

“Hamlet” and other plays they have performed. “I do it because I like to give back,” said Evans. “Maybe I can help someone who might be struggling...and it makes me feel better about the things I’ve done.” The program was one of many Village-wide events sponsored this year that factor into the University’s Year of Purpose, a year of programming dedicated to encouraging students to embrace a higher sense of purpose in their daily lives. Since Wilcox’s mission has been a perfect example of how academia can be applied beyond the University setting, Village program coordinators were very enthusiastic about bringing some aspect of her program to campus.

Junior Ruth Poland, a residential advisor in Lopata House, jumped at the opportunity to invite Wilcox to speak as soon as it was presented as a possibility earlier this year. “As a junior or senior in high school, I heard a program on NPR about [the PPA] and I was really interested at the time. Then last year I saw ‘Shakespeare Behind Bars’ [a documentary about a similar program in Kentucky] at the Tivoli and it reminded me of that, too.” Professor Dan Shea, who has worked alongside Rob Henke of the Performing Arts Department as an acting coach with the PPA, was similarly attracted to the program’s inspirational qualities. “It seemed exactly like the right kind of thing for the Year of Purpose,” he said.

1:48 p.m. LARCENY-THEFT— GOLDFARB HALL OF SOCIAL WORK—Reporting party stated that unknown person(s) stole computer equipment from the first floor conference room closet of Goldfarb between 12 p.m. on Oct. 27 and 11:50 a.m. on Oct. 30. Disposition: Pending.

a large tree limb fell, striking a vehicle parked on Brookings Drive. Damage to the top of the trunk and rear quarter panel. Disposition: Cleared.

POLICE BEAT Tuesday, Oct. 24 1:17 p.m. AUTO ACCIDENT— SNOW WAY GARAGE—Single vehicle accident with club car and gate pole. Disposition: Cleared. Friday, Oct. 27 4:28 p.m. LARCENY-THEFT— MILDRED LANE KEMPER ART—Item missing is artwork described as Tootsie Roll wrapper, and was possibly mistaken as trash. Item valued at several thousand dollars. Disposition: Under investigation. Saturday, Oct. 28

Monday, Oct. 30

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1:55 p.m. LARCENY-THEFT— DANFORTH DORM—Reporting party stated unknown person(s) stole her bike from the Danforth bike rack between 11 p.m. on Oct. 27 and 7 a.m. on Oct. 28. Wheel was locked to the rack and was left when the bike was taken. Disposition: Under investigation.


6:29 p.m. LARCENY-THEFT— OLIN LIBRARY—Complainant left her backpack unattended and found it missing upon her return. Time of occurrence: Oct. 30 between 4:40 p.m. and 6 p.m. Value $65. Disposition: Pending.




Senior Sports Editor / Andrei Berman /





Bears fall 10-7 in UAA championship game

Men, women take second place at UAA Championship

v Overtime loss gives Carnegie Mellon league championship BY UNAIZ KABANI AND ANDREI BERMAN SPORTS STAFF The Washington University football team suffered another devastating loss Saturday when it fell to the Carnegie Mellon University Tartans 10-7 in overtime of the UAA championship game. Senior kicker Nathaniel Greenstein converted a 22-yard field goal in overtime to give CMU the victory. The Bears dropped to 5-4 overall and concluded league play at 2-1, while the Pittsburgh school remained undefeated with an overall record of 8-0 and a perfect 3-0 in conference, taking the UAA title for the fi rst time since 1997. After a scoreless fi rst quarter, CMU opened the scoring six seconds into the second frame when Doug Facemyer ran in a touchdown from three yards out. The Bears responded quickly, however, as senior quarterback Pat McCarthy found senior Nick Lizanich with a 27-yard touchdown pass six minutes later to even the score at 7-7. The Wash. U. defense was able to limit the talented Tartan ground game throughout the contest. Carnegie Mellon entered the game leading the UAA in rushing and ranked sixth in the category in all of Division III. Junior running backs Travis Sivek and Robert Grimson both averaged over 100 yards per game, but the Red and Green

was able to limit the duo to just 94 combined yards. It was the fi rst time this year that a Tartan didn’t rush for over 100 yards. “Our defense played lights out,” head coach Larry Kindbom commented. “We were great at getting to the football, and our game speed was outstanding.” Playing defensive battle from the opening kickoff, neither team was able to fi nd the end zone in the second half of play, and the game went to overtime. The Tartans won the coin toss and opted to go on defense fi rst. Starting from the CMU 25 yard line per NCAA overtime rules, the Wash. U. offense quickly gained a fi rst down when McCarthy hit classmate Scottie Guthrie with an eight-yard completion on the second play from scrimmage. From there, though, the Bears offense hit a roadblock. Consecutive penalties and then a loss of six yards on a rushing attempt brought the Bears all the way back to the Tartans’ 34 yard line. McCarthy found junior wide-out Joe Lubelski for a 19-yard reception, bringing up 4th and 12. The Bears opted for the field goal attempt, bringing in junior place kicker Mike Elliott. Elliott’s 32-yard attempt was just wide to the right. “We had a decision to make in overtime,” Kindbom said. “We decided to go for the field goal. Unfortunately, we were not able to convert. After that,

v Women upset by Case Western, men pleased with performance BY DAVID KRAMER SPORTS REPORTER The Washington University men’s and women’s crosscountry teams competed in the UAA Cross Country Championship Saturday in Forest Park. The women’s team placed second, while the men’s team tied for second. In the women’s race, the third-ranked Wash. U. squad was upset by 17th-ranked Case Western Reserve University, which claimed its fi rst-ever UAA championship in any sport. Wash. U. was paced by senior Beth Herndon, who won her second consecutive UAA individual title with a time of 22:08 in the 6k race. Herndon was followed by junior Kate Pentak (third place, 22:15), junior Tricia Frisella (sixth place, 22:38), senior Lindsay Harkema (11th place, 23:07) and junior Lisa Sudmeier (21st place, 23:58). The women’s team ran the race without one of its top runners, junior Tyler Mulkin, who did not run the race because she still needs time to recover from a minor injury and to reach full strength for regional and national competitions. Mulkin’s absence may have


Senior DaRonne Jenkins tries to dodge Carnegie Mellon defenders at Francis Field on Saturday, Oct. 28. The Bears lost, 10-7, in overtime. [Carnegie Mellon] had nothing to lose.” The Tartans promptly ran the ball right at the Wash. U. defense, advancing all the way to the home team’s six yard line. On 4th and one, the Tartans went for the field goal, setting up Greenstein’s heroics for the UAA title. “The hardest part of the loss was that we gave it our all,” Kindbom said. “We took it harder because we put more into it.” Wash. U. gained just 136 yards of total offense, far fewer than its 280 yards per game av-

erage coming into the contest. The Bears rushed for only 49 yards on 35 carries, while McCarthy completed nine of 15 passes for 87 yards with one interception. “We had opportunities [on offense],” Kindbom admitted. “We took advantage of some, but we also made mistakes.” The loss ended Wash. U.’s seven-game winning streak against Carnegie Mellon. The Bears now have a bye week, but will continue action Nov. 11 in its season fi nale against Greenville College on Francis Field.

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been most missed due to the fact that Cross Country races use the top five fi nisher’s scores for overall team points. The women’s top five fi nished just three points behind Case in the standings. Although the race snapped the women’s streak of four consecutive conference titles, head coach Jeff Stiles was not especially worried about the team’s performance. “Without Tyler I knew it was going to be really close. Case is a very good team, and they were better than us today,” said Stiles. “This team is still the most talented team I have ever coached, and I feel confident about our chances at the upcoming meets.” In the men’s 8k race, Wash. U. tied for second with Brandeis University with a score of 86 points. New York University, which had five runners in the top nine overall, dominated the meet en route to a fi rst place fi nish. Wash. U.’s second place fi nish was a substantial improvement from last year’s fourth place fi nish. The race was also successful for the men in that they accomplished their goal by beating 19th-ranked Carnegie Mellon. The men’s team was led by junior Jesse McDaniel, who fi nished in sixth place with a time of 25:42. McDaniel was followed by seniors Kevin Gale (11th place, 25:58), Ryan Lester (18th place, 26:22) and Joe Guinness (21st place, 26:28). Stiles was also pleased with the way his men ran: “The men ran a great race today. I think we can run better in two weeks. If they compete similarly in two weeks, they will have a shot at qualifying for nationals.” The Cross Country Bears return to action Saturday, Nov. 11, at the Midwest Regional Championship in Rock Island, Ill.

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‘Fiddler on the Roof’ shines at Edison Theatre


One-on-one: Director Jeffery Matthews

THEATRE EDITOR Tradition. The tradition of theatrical excellence drives the show “Fiddler on the Roof,â€? directed by Jeffery Matthews, from the opening monologue to the last heartwrenching scene. The classic musical brings to life the village of Anatevka and its colorful characters through the many outstanding performers and an impressive stage set. The cast’s hard work was evident in their spot-on Yiddish accents and the easily differentiable characters. Each character, from the soliloquyoquy spouting milkman to the constantons ly chattering matchmaker, er, adds a new dimension to Anatevka’s na problem of maintaining nin tradition in a quickly modernizing world. rn Not all of the ac actors used Yiddish accents, butt those who did were amazing and n added an air of reality to a play l very much removed from our o time. The male lead of Tevye, played by sophomore l more re David Weiss, made a many personal erso onal connections with th the audience die ence as he stood addressing, s g, and an somes times having rather her one-sided her on conversations with h God. They where poignant, realistic and very ea well acted, especially ly considering g he had no one to act opposite site him. him Weiss’s mannerisms resonated esonated son in the mind of the audience, and en many people left the theater ater also wishing they were “a wealthy hy man.â€? m Possibly the most impressiononistic character in the play was one ne who never spoke. The actual ďŹ ddler on the roof, freshman Jesse Markowitz, was astounding. His violin playing was phenomenal, and the image that he cast standing all



Washington University’s Performing Arts Department presents “Fiddler on the Roofâ€? as its fall mainstage production. alone off Anatevka ne atop the roofs ro Ana ka was as solid as a proverbial ddler prove erbial al ďŹ d on a roof is shaky.. T The he proďŹ pr le of the ďŹ ddler on top of the house hous use was wa a simple yet remarkable image for ab ble e ima Jeffery Matthews to choose choo as the opening image play. e for his h pla The ďŹ ddler’s were ďŹ ddler ’s footholds foo perfectly and the details perfect ctly crafted, cra added to the set, such as the moon

Fiddler on the Roof Edison Theatre Showtimes: Nov. 4, 5 at 8 p.m., Nov. 6 at 2 p.m. Tickets: $9-$15 for students, Edison Theatre box ofďŹ ce (314) 935-6543


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and stars, helped create a realistic s atmosphere atmo he for the town. Between the moon, on, stars and the lighting for daylight and an sunset, the audience was guide guided to realize the passage ssage of time time. The lighting especially pecia helped the audience focus on the he th main characters for the scene scen as welll as create the overall atmosphere. here. The he only critiques of the play had very little to do with the actual ad v play iitself. There was one wardrobe issue for Fruma-Sarah, and i the pit sometimes drowned out the singers. On the whole, though, the play was awless. This is a commendable achievement, given the words in the good book: nothing is awless!

Washington University’s proproduction of “Fiddler on the th Roofâ€? Ro directed by Jeffery Matthews tthe premiered this past to st weekend w sold-out old-out audiences a nce in the Edison Theatre. Parents Thea aren and students were tran transported from St. Louis to the th little shtetl of Anatevka, Russia. Jeffery Matthews decided to direct “Fiddler on the Roofâ€? because he thought a traditional musical would provide a good balance to the four new plays that were in production last spring. After starting in the spring, when the production committee chooses the plays for the following year, Matthews spent the summer with the musical’s designers. One of the reasons Matthews wanted to direct “Fiddlerâ€? was the fact that it is such a well known play that he had never directed it before. The musical’s cast is ďŹ lled with just about every type of student you can imagine, from freshmen to seniors, and from anthropology majors to drama majors. According to Jeffery Matthews, the reason was because “the performing arts department wants to provide a wide net for casting.â€?

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This s allows lows fo for a wide, wid diverse ca ast, and it also allows allow the cast cast, to become more comfortable with one another. “Everyone is so welcoming and friendly to each other‌ it makes it so much easier to act around people when you don’t feel awkward,â€? said freshman Micah Herstand. That level of comfort pays off in a show consisting of family relationships and the workings of a tradition-laden and close-knit village. The connections between the characters are obvious to the audience and draw them in to a level reached by very few amateur theaters. To viewers, the cast seems comfortable with each other, with the stage and with their audience. Part of this is in fact due to the musical’s viewers. “We sold out the last two nights [Oct. 27 and 28] and it gave us great energy,â€? said Herstand. If the amazing cast and crew don’t draw you to see Washington University’s biggest production at the theater this weekend, the human need for theater should. According to Matthews, everyone should go to the theater. “Theater makes us more human because it [leaves us with] difďŹ cult and often unanswerable questions to grapple with.â€?


Senior Forum Editor / Daniel Milstein /



Our daily Forum editors: Monday: Chelsea Murphy

Wednesday: Nathan Everly Friday: Tess Croner

To ensure that we have time to fully evaluate your submissions, guest columns should be e-mailed to the next issue’s editor or forwarded to by no later than 5 p.m. two days before publication. Late pieces will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. We welcome your submissions and thank you for your consideration.


Swing the vote in your favor with McCaskill


he Missouri Senate race is one of the most contentious and critical races in this year’s election season. The New York Times has called the race between incumbent Republican Jim Talent and Democratic challenger Claire McCaskill one of four “toss-up” Senate races, and if the Times’ projections are accurate, these four races will determine who has control of the upper house of Congress. Having control could decide the future on issues vital to college students, such as education, reproductive rights, the war in Iraq and national security. It is imperative that everyone who is registered to vote in Missouri votes next Tuesday, and Student Life urges everyone to vote for Claire McCaskill. The Chronicle of Higher Education reported on July 20 that a Senate panel approved

a bill that would keep the maximum Pell Grant award at $4,050 for the fi fth year in a row. Raising the maximum Pell Grant award could allow many low-income students a chance to be able to attend the University, and help bring more diversity to the University. It appears that McCaskill would help achieve this more than Talent would, while also furthering other education-related goals. McCaskill has pledged to increase the maximum Pell Grant award to $5,800, while Talent voted against an amendment that would increase the maximum Pell Grant award to just $4,500, with the money coming from closing $10.8 billion in corporate tax loopholes. McCaskill has also promised to offer more scholarships to math and science students, whereas the amendment Talent voted against would have increased student loan

forgiveness to future math and science teachers by $23,000. Offering any sort of help to math and science students would give more students a chance to attend elite universities around the country, especially such a pre-med school like Wash. U. Unfortunately, this vote by Talent is not an anomaly, but a small piece of a larger trend of votes by Talent that hurt education. Talent was given a 27 percent rating by the National Education Association, which signals a record of being anti-public education. While there is no guarantee that McCaskill would keep her education promises, Talent has not proven that he would be good for education in the country. The future of reproductive rights, namely abortion and sex education, could be in the balance with this election, and McCaskill is the

better candidate in this area as well. NARAL Pro-Choice America, which bills itself as the political arm of the prochoice movement, gave Talent a rating of zero, meaning that Talent has a very pro-life voting record. While Talent has at least supported exceptions to a possible abortion ban, McCaskill has gone further in supporting reproductive rights, even if she has not gone far enough. McCaskill does support a ban on partial-birth abortions, but at least she has stated that abortion should be “safe and legal.” Moreover, Talent voted against an amendment that would have allocated $100 million to try to decrease teen pregnancies through education, an allocation that could have also been paid for by closing some of the $10.8 billion in corporate tax loopholes. McCaskill has pledged to increase prevention of


unwanted pregnancies as a means of reducing abortions instead of just banning them, so McCaskill would be the better bet to help the future of sex education and reproductive rights. Finally, McCaskill has been the only candidate to admit that mistakes were made with the war in Iraq. McCaskill has averred that the war was a mistake, and that our national security is “held hostage” by our presence in Iraq. While McCaskill and Talent are in agreement that U.S. troops should not yet leave Iraq, McCaskill supports redeploying troops to better serve our long-term national security interests. Talent, on the other hand, still believes that the war in Iraq was necessary, even as Iraq descends into a civil war. Furthermore, while Talent would not be willing to spend $100 million of the budget on greater sex educa-

Affirmative action for homosexual students misguided


Wrighton’s advocacy crosses the line BY DAVID BAUMAN OP-ED SUBMISSION


arrived home on Thursday to find a letter from Washington University Chancellor Mark S. Wrighton. I thought maybe he was announcing a drastic reduction in tuition to help future graduates escape crushing loan payments. I was wrong. He was letting me know that the passage of both the Stem Cell Amendment and the Tobacco Amendment on the upcoming Missouri ballot are in the interest of the

University. It is a shame that Proposition B to raise the Missouri minimum wage is noticeably NOT in the interest of the University, or at least not important enough to warrant a letter. Sorry, living wage folks. Chancellor Wrighton has crossed a professional line between leading an institution of higher learning that is dedicated to pursuing truth and lobbying for specific ethical and political positions, especially the controversial Embryonic Stem Cell Amendment (the promoters keep leaving that

word out for some reason). He is using a privileged uni-

“But there is also the opportunity for fame and recognition, not to mention not having to write grant requests for the next 10 years.” versity position to further these amendments. First, to

send his letter he used university funds to pay for the printing and the mailing. Is he going to give similar money to a faculty member or student who disagrees with the amendments? Second, he used his position as chancellor to access private student information (our addresses) to reach students with his appeal. Third and most importantly, he has created an environment where open debate about the ethics of embryonic stem cell

See BAUMAN, page 7

tion, he did fl ippantly shrug off criticisms that the campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq cost too much money, saying the $300 billion spent was only “one percent of the GDP.” Talent has also equated the war in Iraq with the war in Afghanistan, which is a deceptive way to try to justify the war in Iraq. If elected to the Senate, McCaskill would be more likely to keep United States troops out of unnecessary confl icts and instead let them either come home or help protect national security abroad. With the election coming up on Tuesday, it is important that everyone make an informed decision and votes for the candidate he or she believes is the better choice as Missouri senator. Student Life has come to the conclusion that Claire McCaskill is that choice.

ome issues are never resolved. Just three years after the Supreme Court ruled in Grutter v. Bollinger that race could be used as a factor in deciding college admissions, it appears another front has opened up. The “Inside Higher Education” magazine has recently reported that Middlebury College will begin implementing a program that is being described as affirmative action for gay students. The policy, to be implemented beginning this year, will allow student applicants who identify themselves as gay to receive the Nathan same admissions bonus that is currently enjoyed by ethnic minority groups, legacies and studentathletes. The decision, which is believed to be the first of its kind, is designed to assist gay students who endure a regular barrage of verbal and physical harassment as a result of their sexual orientation. Not surprisingly, the program has touched off a controversy over the legitimacy of using sexual orientation as a factor in making admissions decisions. Proponents argue that the program will bring a “unique quality” to Middlebury, a small liberal arts college in Vermont that prides itself in having a diverse student body. But critics have argued, among other things, that practical considerations make the program flawed. “What if people just start to say, ‘Hey, I’m gay’?” asked Greg McCandless, associate director of admissions at Harvey Mudd College. “Are we going to follow them around for a semester?” Despite the controversy, however, some schools are

at least open to the idea of considering sexual orientation in admissions decisions. Claremont McKenna College and Loyola University New Orleans are seriously considering the idea. And while many college officials aren’t exactly enthusiastic about the program, they’re not rejecting it outright either. But there are some practical problems with Middlebury’s new strategy. The most obvious question is whether schools can accurately distinguish between the students who are genuinely gay and the students who are simply tryto get a leg up Everly ing in admissions. And the unfortunate answer is probably not. Most schools can use methods such as financial aid forms and on-campus interviews to reasonably determine a student’s ethnic background. And a short phone call to a high school counselor can quickly uncover a fabricated extra-curricular activity in a college resume. But it is very difficult to verify an applicant’s sexual orientation even after a face-to-face interview. Simply put, the foundation of the program is built on a trust that the applicant will be honest, knowing full well that he or she could probably lie and get away with it. However, anyone who has seen competitive high school seniors hyperventilate over the college rankings in the U.S. News and World Report knows that’s not exactly a sound idea. And yet the strongest argument against Middlebury’s new policy was echoed in a statement by Bruce Lindstrom, the founder of an

See EVERLY, page 7




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Parents will be parents

Why I love the fall season




ere’s an interesting phenomenon: parents. Specifically, Parents Weekend. When I was a solid 13 or 14 years of age, I wanted to go see O.A.R. play, and so I went downtown, to this big beerdrinking, college-people-attending, fun-having concert in downtown Cincinnati. O.A.R. wasn’t bad. But the problem was I was standing there next to my mom. Boy, did I feel uncool. All these cool college people and these super hot girls imbibing alcohol and carrying on, and I’m trying to pretend like I’m interested in the band and not totally embarrassed that I’m standing next to my mom. “Hey Denny, that girl is cute!” Oh man. My only consolation was that someday I would be in college drinking beer and going to shows with my friends, not my parents. Five years later, I was standing in the same spot. Still embarrassed. Still with my parents. Damn. We had ended up, post-dinner, at a costume contest in the middle of Central West End, surrounded, once again, by drunk college kids acting goofy with their friends. Problem was, this time, I was supposed to be one of them. I found out that pretending I was not related to my parents worked just as poorly as it did five years ago. I don’t want to disparage here—my parents kick ass—but I was shocked that I was in just the same situation I had been in half a decade ago and I was still not comfortable hanging out with my parents in a social situation in which you were supposed to be cool. I’m just a freshman, so naturally I’m new to this stuff. The strange animal known as Parents Weekend may not be so bizarre to my elder schoolmates. But for me, and I think for a lot of other freshmen, it was kind of strange. Things have changed, in that parents




no longer can control your curfew even when they are present, nor will they express (aloud, at least) disapproval

“It’s the ‘Agh!! Don’t touch that huge pile of unsorted clothes because I can put it away myself but can I have some money?’ effect.” of your ceiling-mounted beer and bear bucks decor. But it’s pretty wild how much stays the same. First of all, we’re not yet in possession of ourselves enough to be cool when our parents are around. The goofy things that Mom and Dad say are still going to make you roll your eyes. You may just tolerate it better because you know you’ll only hear their classic quips for another two days instead of as many years. You also still have the urge to re-

sist their organizing your life. Whereas a more mature individual would let his energetic parents reorganize his whole room if only for the sake of patronization, I at least still feel I have to rebel against parental interference with all of my being. It’s the “Agh!! Don’t touch that huge pile of unsorted clothes because I can put it away myself but can I have some money?” effect. Here’s another. You’re still a kid, as far as it matters. When you are in a situation with other people, your parents generally drive the conversation. They utilize the fact that you yourself are not making an effort since you’re busy thinking about where you are going tonight and how hard you are going to party (well, dude, my parents are in town). You can kind of see that some day you will dominate conversations with people who you know better, like floormates. But for the most part, you realize that you’re still a teenager who doesn’t really know what is going on. Hey. We’ve all grown a lot.

But a lot of it is kind of illusory. You can measure how much you’ve really changed by how you are when your parents are here. When the old context is back, are you the same person as you are in the new context? Some of us might be, especially those more advanced in years. But others of us may not be. Who are we when we are at a college-y event surrounded by a bunch of rowdy beer-drinking people our own age, but, oddly, with our parents? That is more telling than when we are at a frat party drinking beer and being ridiculous ourselves. Basically, we all have the power to be cool when our parents aren’t around. But who are we when they’re here? For most of us, I’d say, we’re still pretty goofy.

not to say that there aren’t any cultural elements of the gay community that make it unique. But it does say that being a gay student today just simply doesn’t reveal as much about someone’s

community, that’s a devastating revelation. That’s not a bad thing, though. In fact, it’s a testament to how far the gay community has traveled towards gaining acceptance in a society that has often been quite hostile towards them. Case in point: Sullivan recently made a trip to Boston College, a very large Catholic university. He was delighted to find that a school where “there would have been no discussion of homosexuality” a generation ago had elected a student president who was conservative, preppy, and yes, openly gay.

Dennis is a freshman in Arts & Sciences. He can be reached via e-mail at djsweene@artsci.

EVERLY v FROM PAGE 6 organization that provides scholarships to gay students. “Students must be exposed to a diversity of humanity,” he argued, but “we think our scholars can stand alone on their academic acceptance and that they are not in need of special consideration.” While he may have been tiptoeing around the issue, he did ask an honest question as to whether an affirmative action program for gay students is really needed. Yes, it is very much desirable for a campus to have a diverse student body that reflects the overall makeup of the country. Yes, the level of discrimination against gays remains high. But it still remains unclear as to whether the effect of discrimination on gay students is negative and widespread enough to justify employing an affirmative action program that

historically breeds resentment among the people who don’t benefit from it. And while it’s tempting to leave it at that, it’s also worth noting an observation by columnist Andrew

“But it still remains unclear as to whether the effect of discrimination on gay students is negative and widespread enough to justify employing an affirmative action program that historically breeds resentment among the people who don’t benefit from it.” Sullivan, arguably the most famous gay conservative writer in America. He remarked that “it has become increasingly difficult to distinguish between gay and straight teens today.” This is

viewpoints and perspectives as one would think. For an affirmative action program that justifies itself on the basis of exposing all students to a substantially unique voice from the gay

Nathan is a junior in Arts & Sciences and a Forum editor. He can be reached via email at

research in particular is now chilled because “the chancellor supports the amendment.” If a member of the University community argues that embryonic stem cell research involves the destruction of human life and that this may be unethical, they will be speaking out against a position held by the Chancellor. And not only a position held by the Chancellor privately, but one that he has publicly encouraged students and faculty to support. Any questioning of the ethics of embryonic stem cell research automatically stands opposed to Chancellor Wrighton and the “interests of Washington University.” Maybe research universities are too tied into the potential cash for stem cell research and therefore lose their perspective on the professional standards that administrators and academics should maintain. After all, research is expensive. A lot of money, including taxpayers’ money, is going to come to Wash. U. and its researchers if the amendment passes. I’m sure some

researchers and administrators are motivated by the potential cures, of which there will most likely be few based on recent attempts across the globe. But there is also the opportunity for fame and recognition, not to mention not having to write grant requests for the next 10 years. Also, no close government oversight of the research will be allowed because the amendment restricts legislative interference. If the Chancellor wanted to foster a learning environment rather than a “vote with me” environment, he could have challenged us to explore the initiative and the ethical and scientific facts. I believe many researchers and administrators have ignored the ethical problems with embryonic stem cell research in their rush to be on the “cutting edge.” For example, the embryonic stem cell initiative states that it will “strictly ban human cloning and ensure the research is conducted ethically and safely.” Discussing the ethics of conducting embryonic stem cell research, however,

is premature. What about the ethics of even proposing research that requires destroying a human life? In an interview with www., James Sherley, associate professor of biological engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, sums up the real ethical problem we should be discussing: “Both scientists and physicians know very well that human embryos are alive and human. A human life begins when a diploid complement of human DNA is initiated to begin human development. Therefore, a life can be initiated by the fusion of sperm and egg or by the introduction of a diploid nucleus into an enucleated egg (i.e., ‘cloning’). . . .Exploiting their parts (i.e., cells) or killing them for research is moral trespass that society should not allow. Even if the research might, and let’s be clear, might benefit others, this trespass is not justified.” Some in the scientific community have put up a smoke screen by condemning human cloning, but at

am someone who likes to talk about the weather; even when there may be supposedly less banal things to talk about—school, politics, sports—in my mind the weather is perfectly interesting in conversation. However, I promise that I am not going to spend the next 400 or so words writing solely about, for example, the weather on campus during the last few days. Fall used to be the season I liked the least, mostly because it marks the beginning of another year of school. This summer and last, however, I’ve continuously looked forward to autumn; when high school is over, the start of the school year seems to be a part of the year that you anticipate: Seeing friends again, promising new classes to take. Invariably there are some friends you see

“The rhythm of the academic schedule—lectures, exams, papers, partying, weekends, repeat— started up somewhere in September, has been ticking steadily now into November, and will no doubt intensify during finals week, after which it will stop dead.” less and with whom there are awkward silences, and some classes that prove to be frustrating (and plenty of classes are both promising and frustrating). The terrible heat this summer, I think, ought to be incentive enough to appreciate the cold and rain. Over anything else, though, the color of fall has been grabbing my attention; the view of yellowing and reddening trees all around gets to be appreciated only once a year. It is a little hard to realize that fall semester has already gone by halfway; we’re around two entire months into the semester, and there are less than two entire months until final exams. At least once last week, I heard (and said), “I can’t believe midterms are

the same time vigorously supporting therapeutic human cloning which results in the destruction of human life. At least with human cloning a life is not destroyed for its parts. The real issue of destroying human life has, for some, already been rationalized away with clever arguments and buried under talk of the “common good.” Chancellor Wrighton has every right to vote for Amendment 2 himself, but considering the academic and professional standards that his position entails, he has missed an opportunity to stand up for open discussion. Instead, he is working towards a different vision of the University – a university that encourages faculty and administrator advocacy to the detriment of students who want to discuss the facts and issues in an environment free of dogmatic pressure from the school’s leadership. David is a graduate student in philosophy. He can be reached via e-mail at

here already.” Time passes. More than a quarter of a semester—more than one-sixteenth of college—has already gone by. The rhythm of the academic schedule – lectures, exams, papers, partying, weekends, repeat – started up somewhere in September, has been ticking steadily now into November, and will no doubt intensify during finals week, after which it will stop dead. The rhythm will start up again in the spring, and again in the fall of next year. Near the end of the previous semester, I remarked to one of my Resident Advisors, who was then a senior, that I could hardly believe a year had already gone by; he replied that time after the first year only seems to go by even more quickly. Strangely, it hasn’t felt like fall to me until fairly recently. Personally, I think it’s because the University cleans up the leaves too often; the sound of feet crunching on a small pile of leaves is not a sound I have heard in a while. Fall Break, contrary to expectations of an extra-long weekend to read over textbooks and to review practice tests, was a very fine time to sit down, meditate and get things back in order. During Fall Break, sure, I did assigned readings of Shakespeare and microeconomics, dove through practice exams, spent time with friends, and—to my guilty pleasure—slept until one in the afternoon. All characteristics of a normal weekend. But I also went through my planner for the first time in nearly a month and made reminders for myself for the next week. I rearranged and cleaned up my former trash pile of a room and freed up wasted space. And, yes, I went out for a walk, and looked at yellow and red leaves that I could swear were green a week ago. So there is a ticking of time that, when it speeds up during finals week, might have us wondering where the entire semester went along with the yellow and red leaves. Since there’s only so much time to spend at the University, I think I will be putting some aside during the weekend to listen to that ticking. Maybe I will go to Forest Park, take another walk, enjoy fall, and put in order again the remaining weeks of the semester. David is a sophomore in Arts & Sciences. He can be reached via e-mail at dssong@


Vote to raise minimum wage Dear Editor:



As students, we often forget how important politics are in the rush of our everyday lives. You know, parties, baseball games, classes and homework...however, now is the time to start paying attention. This year our own Professor Mark Rank, author of “One Nation Underprivileged: Why Poverty Affects Us All,” provided a much needed wake-up call for the campus. Rank exposed the reality of poverty in the U.S. in his book, arguing that our economy is a game of musical chairs in which there has never been enough work with decent pay. This November, six states —Arizona, Colorado, Missouri, Montana, Nevada and Ohio—have a ballot initiative on minimum wage. Missourians, like voters in these other states, are voting on an amendment that will increase the state minimum wage. In Missouri, minimum wage will increase from $5.15 per hour to $6.50 with annual increases linked to a cost-of-living index. Many of the people that have jobs that pay minimum wage support a family. If this proposition passes, 256,000 families and 102,000 children in Missouri will be affected. A 10 percent raise would make a huge difference in the

lives of these families and their children. Just a few dollars more in each paycheck could help cover medical care, prescriptions or school supplies that these families were unable to purchase before. Increasing the minimum wage also benefits local businesses by reducing employee turnover and increasing morale and efficiency. The additional $21 million in annual earned income would also be funneled back into the local economy. Some argue that increasing the minimum wage leads to higher unemployment, but the 22 states that have already increased their minimum wage have proved this argument wrong. In these states, increasing minimum wage actually increased employment rates, especially in the service sector. The passage of Proposition B may affect you too. With jobs such as waiting tables and serving coffee that are common to college students, the minimum wage increase could be going straight into your pocket. So remember on Nov. 7 that your vote does count. Vote YES to raising minimum wage. -Stephanie Anderson, Kate Koch & Meg Norris School of Social Work Class of 2008


Senior Cadenza Editor / Ivanna Yang /



n. a technically brilliant, sometimes improvised solo passage toward the close of a concerto, an exceptionally brilliant part of an artistic work

arts & entertainment


frowned upon. As he has stated in interviews, men once wore fl amboyantly fashioned clothes to rival those of women. Then the moral sensibilities of the Victorian era arrived, restricting men to the suit. The stifl ing of fl amboyant cinematic themes by the Hayes Code was similar.

CADENZA REPORTER The Tivoli Theatre on the Delmar Loop winds up its midnight movie series this weekend with two showings of the queen of late-night cult fl icks: Richard O’Brien and Jim Sharman’s “The Rocky Horror Picture Show.” For those of you who haven’t yet lost your virginity to a live Rocky Horror show, the experience is a unique mixture of ritual and abandon to creative expression. Perfect for Halloween, it allows adults to act out roles and situations they would never dare in any setting other than the safe confi nes of “Rocky Horror” sacrament. Following a costume contest and some opening formalities— including greeting and politely asking Tivoli co-manager/projectionist Travis to ‘start the f***ing movie’—the fi lm begins. The Samurai Electricians, a St. Louis “Rocky Horror” troupe, double the scenes live and direct the ritualistic audience responses. Prop bags are available for two dollars, and outside items are forbidden. Much gets written about “Rocky Horror,” the scope of fan re-enactments and the motives behind their devotion. So, we decided to mark these showings of “Rocky Horror” by writing on the movies that inspired O’Brien to create the show and the host of midnight movies that have benefited from the cult success of “Rocky Horror.”

Science Fiction, Double Feature With the opening lines uttered by those luscious lips of Patricia Quinn, “Rocky Horror” establishes itself as Richard O’Brien’s love affair with the classic B-movie cinema of his childhood. The song is basically a list of classic cult fi lms, including: “It Came from Outer Space” (1953), “Forbidden Planet” (1956), “Tarantula” (1955), “The Day of the Triffids” (1962) and “When Worlds Collide” (1951). Here are some details on a handful of the other fi lms and actors alluded to in “Rocky Horror.”

“Michael Rennie was ill ‘The Day the Earth Stood Still,’

“Dana Andrews said prunes, gave him the runes; and casting them used lots of skill”—Opening Song This line refers to “Night of the Demon” (1957) a British adaptation of M.R. James’ story “Casting the Runes.” The fi lm was directed by the fantastic Jacques Tourneur, best-known for “Cat People.” Most of his fi lms, particularly those with Karloff, are worth seeing. Beware of the “Curse of the Demon,” an edited U.S. version.

“We could take in an old Steve Reeve’s movie”—Dr. Frank-N-Furter


The late night cult film “The Rocky Horror Picture Show” plays this weekend at the Tivoli Theatre on the Loop. but he told us where we stand”—Opening Song

skimpy outfits, and you’ll see the infl uence in “Rocky Horror.”

Directed by Robert Wise, this 1951 fi lm is one of the best science fiction pictures made. Now that Earth has developed the nuclear bomb, an alien (Michael Rennie) and his robot arrive in Washington to warn humans that we face destruction unless we learn to live peacefully. Instead of listening to the alien, the leaders of humanity react with violent fear. Fans of Bruce Campbell and “Army of Darkness” will be pleased to fi nd the origin of a memorable phrase in this fi lm.

“Claude Rains was ‘The Invisible Man’”—Opening Song

“And ‘Flash Gordon’ was there in silver underwear” —Opening Song The 1930s “Flash Gordon” fi lms seem very outdated now, but they are a perfect example of early space opera adventure that went from Edgar Rice Burroughs up through “Star Wars.” Add the homoeroticism of men in tights,

This Universal horror classic was directed by James Whale, the famously homosexual director of “Frankenstein” and, my personal favorite, “Bride of Frankenstein.” All three of these fi lms show up in “Rocky Horror,” such as the basic plot of “creating a man,” RiffRaff’s torture of Rocky with the candelabra, Magenta’s hair at the fi lm’s end, and the crazy scientist who has gone too far. “Gods and Monsters” with Sir Ian McKellan and Brendan Frasier is a fabulous fi lm that you should check out for more on Whale.

“Then something went wrong for Fay Wray and ‘King Kong;’ they got caught in a celluloid jam” —Opening Song

Do I need to tell you about the glory of Kong? 1933’s “King Kong” is worth seeing for the sense of adventure and exploration that directors Cooper and Schoedsack actually lived. Such a life is now extinct, with a decidedly un-PC philosophy. Fay Wray makes a beautiful scream queen, and if you aren’t impressed with the stop-animation of Willis O’Brien, your imagination has been killed by CGI blandness.

“‘Doctor X’ will build a creature”—Opening Song This fi lm was made before the prohibitions of the Hayes Code, and it includes elements of rape, cannibalism and prostitution in the story. All of these elements occur in “Rocky Horror” from the eating of Eddie to the promiscuous sex, the use of Rocky and the stripping of Brad and Janet. In addition, O’Brien was anxious to make a movie that celebrated a masculine sense of fashion that once was common, but now

Any fan of “Mystery Science Theater 3000” should be familiar with the horror that is Steve Reeves. A bodybuilder and—surprise—a terrible actor, Reeves starred in some “Hercules” fi lms from the late 1950s, where he wore a loincloth and sandals. He’s an obvious inspiration for Rocky, but his fi lms are really only worth watching for some laughs.

“God bless Lili St. Cyr”—Janet Weiss (while in the pool orgy celebrating decadence) Lili St. Cyr was a notorious stripper of the 1940s and ‘50s who starred in a handful of nudie pictures, such as “The Naked and the Dead” (1958). Her fi lms are mostly difficult to fi nd now, but “Varietease” (1954) is available via Netfl ix. Interestingly, St. Cyr is connected with infamous tales of Hollywood decadence turned to horrible extremes. She was Orson Welles’ paramour during his marriage to Rita Hayworth, and she was one of the young women employed at the Florentine Gardens, a sleazy burlesque nightclub that also employed a young Yvonne de Carlo (who later went on to star as Lily Munster) and was managed by a key suspect in the Elizabeth Short (aka Black Dahlia) murder.

From ‘Horror’ to ‘Hedwig:’ a film’s legacy BY BRIAN STITT MOVIE EDITOR While Rocky Horror was not the fi rst midnight movie (that distinction usually goes to the psychedelic western “El Topo”), it certainly introduced the phenomenon to most of America. While today’s college students have all their work done for them by the Mystery Science Theater 3000 gang, in the mid-70s young people went in droves to midnight movies, where they were free to mock and to revere their favorite oddball “cult classics.” The initial flop of “The Rocky Horror Picture Show” in mainstream theater outlets was counteracted by the devotees trekking to the theater late Friday and Saturday nights, week after week. It was shown that low budget fi lms directed at a very specific audience could be fi nancially successful. This led to other similar movies, such as Brian De Palma’s “Phantom of the Paradise,” to fi nd success the same way. From there, movies were not only saved by the midnight movie format but were inten-

tionally designed for it. With DVDs allowing home viewing, the midnight movie is generally relegated to small theaters like the Tivoli showing mostly non-offensive but crowd pleasing fare like “The Goonies” or “The Muppet Movie.” However, that is not to suggest that one should forget all of the great low-budget, high-camp projects that were created when movies ruled the night. Taking many elements of cheesy mid–century sci-fi and blending it with the shocking images allowed often only by an X-rating, a new style of cinema was born that still exists today. Here are some highlights of the intentional cheese released after Rocky Horror cleared the path.

“Phantom of the Paradise” (1974) The aforementioned Brian DePalma musical covers a lot of the ground “The Rocky Horror Picture Show” (RHPS) did and was released one year earlier. Featuring famed songwriter and strange little man Paul Williams, the story blends Phantom of the Opera with

Faust and places it against the background of mid-70’s glamour rock. It blends elements of drama comedy and oddity just as well as RHPS and features the always wonderful camera work of a young De Palma. It’s a great double feature with Rocky Horror.

“Eraserhead” (1977) Having the distinction of being the fi lm that introduced (or subjected) the world to David Lynch’s squeamishly unique vision, “Eraserhead” follows the life of a young printer with typical problems. His girlfriend hasn’t called in a while and he has issues with the emaciated woman who lives in his radiator. Lynch, before Hollywood attempted to tame him and failed miserably, creates a very odd mood here, which understandably caught on with the late night crowd.

“The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension” (1984) An attempt to bring cult movies

to the mainstream, Banzai was a lower budget sci-fi focusing on a brilliant brain surgeon/particle phycisist Buckaroo Banzai who moonlights as a rock star and fights aliens from another dimension. Featuring a stellar cast, wonderfully catchy music and a true oddball sensibility, Banzai was too weird for most but didn’t have the shock and awe to please midnighters, either. A big video hit, Banzai stands the test of time, and the DVD features a wonderfully deep set of features. Elements of a never-produced sequel were incorporated into John Carpenter’s “Big Trouble in Little China.”

“The Toxic Avenger” (1985) The flagship fi lm of midnight movie experts Troma productions, Toxic Avenger melds fear of nuclear proliferation in the Reagan era with social commentary about the media’s emphasis on body image in the 1980s. Sort of. Actually, it tells the story of 98-pound weakling Melvin who turns into a buff superhero after falling in a vat of toxic waste. He fights crime and

gets revenge on his enemies and all that typical stuff but with lots of gross makeup and shocking images. Highlights include a woman masturbating to pictures of blood and gore. This caught on because it told a simple story and didn’t pull punches with the gross-outs.

“Hedwig and the Angry Inch” (2001) While many movies in the indie era could have played well at midnight (I’m thinking more “El Mariachi” than “English Patient”), “Hedwig” distinguished itself by carrying on the musical traditions of RHPS that are often ignored in favor of sci-fi. Wonderful music permeates the tale of a German punk rock singer whose botched sex change has left her with an “angry inch.” She tells the story of her life while on tour. A triumph in most ways, “Hedwig” is the truest descendent of Rocky Horror in modern times.




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