St Hugh's College, Oxford - Chronicle 1948-1949

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CHRONICLE 1948-49 Numher


FI D E L i T A 5





THE PRINCIPAL Hon. Secretary, 1947-9:

MISS C. M. ADY, M.A., D.Lrrr. Editor of the Chronicle, 1948-50:











1949 •



7 8 8






























22 .



25 .




Council EVELYN EMMA STEFANOS PROCTER, M.A., Principal (Chairman). DOUGLAS VEALE, M.A., Fellow of Corpus Christi, until the 1st day

of October

1951. ELIZABETH ANNIE FRANCIS, M.A., Official Fellow. MARY ETHEL SEATON, M.A., Research Fellow. GERTRUDE THORNEYCROFT, M.A., Official Fellow and Treasurer. CECILIA MARY ADY, M.A., D.LITT., Research Fellow. DAISY EMILY MARTIN CLARKE (MRS.), M.A., Official Fellow. AGNES HEADLAM-MORLEY, B.LITT., M.A., Professorial Fellow. DOROTHEA HELEN FORBES GRAY, M.A., Official Fellow, Secretary to the Council. OLGA DELFINA BICKLEY, M.A., Official Fellow. MADGE GERTRUDE ADAM, M.A., D.PHIL., Official Fellow. IDA WINIFRED BUSBRIDGE, M.A., D.PHIL., Official Fellow. BETTY KEMP, M.A., Official Fellow. MOLLY MAHOOD, M.A., Official Fellow. SIR JOHN LINTON MYRES, M.A., Fellow of New College, until the 1st day of

October 1949. ALFRED EWERT, M.A., Fellow of Trinity, until the 1st day of October 1949. JOAN EVANS, D.LITT., until the 1st day of October 195o. SIR FREDERICK WOLFF OGILVIE, M.A., Principal of Jesus College, until the



until the 1st day of October 1949. Fellow of All Souls, until the 1st day of

October 1951. MARGARET JOAN SARGEAUNT, M.A., until the 1st day of October 1951. DOROTHY ELIZABETH ACKROYD, M.A., until the rst day of October 195o.

Principal E. E. S. PROCTER, M.A., F.R.HIST.S.

Tutors E. A. FRANCIS, M.A. D. E. MARTIN CLARKE (MRS.), M.A., F.S.A. D. H. F. GRAY, O.B.E., M.A. 0. D. BICKLEY, M.A., Dottore in Lit-

tere (Genoa). M. G. ADAM, M.A., D.PHIL., F.R.A.S. I. W. BUSBRIDGE, M.A., D.PHIL. B. KEMP, M.A. M. MAHOOD, M.A.

French. English Language. Classics. Martinengo Cesaresco Lecturer in Italian. Science. Mathematics. History. English Literature.


Bursar S. M. P. MASON.


Principal's Secretaries J. ANSLOW (MRS.). E. BEERE.

REPORT OF THE TWENTY-THIRD ANNUAL MEETING OF SENIOR MEMBERS MHE meeting was held in the Mordan Hall, St. Hugh's College, on SaturJL day, July 3rd, 1948, at 3 p.m., the Principal in the Chair. One hundred members were present. The Chairman, in her statement, spoke of the past year as a record year as to the distinctions won by the College. Miss HeadlamMorley, Fellow of the College and Tutor in P.P.E. since 1934, had been elected to the Montague Burton Professorship in International Relations, and was thus the first Oxford woman to become a Professor in the University. Miss Perham had been awarded a C.B.E. in the Birthday Honours. Dr. Joan Evans had been elected President of the Royal Archaeological Institute. Miss Ruth Dean had been awarded a Fellowship on the John Simon Gaggenheim Memorial Foundation for research in European libraries on Anglo-Norman literature. The following members of the College had recently obtained university appointments. A. Guilding, Lecturer in the Department of Biblical Studies, Sheffield. M. Jacob, Assistant Lecturer in German, Manchester. E. C. Vollans, Assistant Lecturer in Geography, Bedford College. R. Woolf, Assistant Lecturer in English Language, University College, Hull. 0. Gee had been elected to the Amy Mary Preston Read Scholarship and to a Junior British Studentship (British Federation of University Women). H. Wallis had won the Herbertson Memorial Prize and the Royal Geographical Society's University Essay Prize. The Secretary reported the result of a contested election of two Members of Council. Miss M. J. Sargeaunt, 163 votes, elected for the years 1948-51; Miss D. E. Ackroyd, 74 votes, elected for 1948-50; Miss K. E. Hardy, 68 votes. Miss E. Beere was elected an Honorary Member of the Association. Miss E. Lemon was re-elected as Editor of the Chronicle to serve for the years 1948-50. It was announced that as a result of the second appeal in the Chronicle the War Memorial Fund now amounts to ÂŁ63. 8s. 9d. The fund closed on July x5th, 1948. It was agreed that the proceeds should be handed over to the Treasurer of the College, and that the Council should be asked to decide how the money could most appropriately be used. Miss N. Moller reported that Miss Sargeaunt hoped to be able to offer hospitality at King's College for a dinner to be held in 1949, and thus to provide members with an opportunity of meeting in a non-Gaudy year. Some discussion took place as to whether a lunch or a dinner were preferable. A vote was taken and, on a small majority voting for a dinner, it was agreed that this should be held in London on the first Saturday in October 1949. Miss N. Moller, Miss Sargeaunt, and Miss Kingston were asked to act as the organizing committee. Miss Gwyer drew attention to a dinner in aid of St. Margaret's House to be held in the autumn of 1948. It was agreed that the loan of the Association Register should be made to the organizers for the purpose of making the dinner known. Miss Dolphin commended to the interest and support of the Association the Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone. This is the first West 7

African University College. Founded in 1827 by the Church Missionary Society, it was affiliated to the University of Durham in 1876 and continues to do much for the cultural and intellectual life of West Africa.

SOCIETY FO ITALIAN STUDIES SUMMER SCHOOL OF ITALIAN, 1949 Fr HE Society is planning a Summer School this year to be held at Magdalen College, Oxford, between August 15th and z7th. The course, which will follow the lines of recent Cambridge Schools, will consist of Lectures and Classes on Italian Literature, History, Art, and Music and classes in Italian Language. Special attention will be paid to the works of Dante and the literature of the 15th and 16th centuries. Accommodation will be available in Magdalen College for both men and women attending the School, the fee for the entire course (including accommodation and all meals) being ÂŁ16. 16s. od. The fee for the course alone, for students finding their own accommodation, will be ÂŁ4. 4s. od. Further information and forms of registration may be obtained from C. Grayson, Esq., Hon. Sec. and Treasurer, 3 a Brookside, Headington, Oxford.

THE PRINCIPAL'S EPO It T my report in last year's the University has been honoured by a visit from Her Royal Highness, Princess Elizabeth, who received the S degree of D.C.L. by Diploma on May z5th, 1948. Among Colleges visited INCE


by Her Royal Highness was St. Hilda's College, whose Principal very kindly invited two ex-service undergraduates from each of the other Women's Societies to go to St. Hilda's and be presented there to the Princess. The Principals of all the five Women's Societies were presented during the course of the day. On June 4th the official opening by Lord Simon of the Maison Francaise in its new home at 72 Woodstock Road (The Shrubbery) took place; after the ceremony the French Ambassador invested with the Legion d'Honneur the following members of the University: the Vice-Chancellor and the President of Corpus Christi College (Commandeurs); the Warden of Wadham (Officier); Professor Ewert, Dr. Enid Starkie, Mr. T. S. Eliot, and myself (Chevaliers). This honour was done to me, of course, in my official capacity as Principal of St. Hugh's College and in recognition of the part played by the College in helping to establish the Maison Francaise in Oxford and in providing it with suitable accommodation. The election of Miss Headlam-Morley, Tutor in Politics and Official Fellow since 1934, to the Montague Burton Professorship of International Relations is an outstanding event of which the College has every reason to be proud. Professor Headlam-Morley is the first woman to be elected to a Professorial Chair in Oxford, although not the first woman to have the title of Professor, as Miss Ida Mann was given that when she was Reader in Ophthalmology. Chairs are allocated to men's Colleges but by University Statute if a woman is elected to a Chair the Hebdomadal Council allocates it, during her tenure of it, to one of the Women's Colleges, and in this case the Chair has been 8

allocated to St. Hugh's. Thus there is no break in Professor HeadlamMorley's connexion with the College; she has resigned her tutorship, but she has exchanged her Official for a Professorial Fellowship, and she has retained her rooms in College. She has also been elected an Honorary Fellow of Somerville College of which she is a former undergraduate. Professor Headlam-Morley's election came too late for a new tutorial appointment to be made for the academic year 1948-9, but the question of a future appointment is now being considered by the Council. Miss Mahood, Tutor in English Literature, has been elected to an Official Fellowship. We have continued to have visits from distinguished scholars from other countries. In Trinity Term Professor Pia Laviosa-Zambotti, of Milan University, spent four days at St. Hugh's when she visited Oxford to lecture on Italian prehistory for the Professor of European Archaeology. We have enjoyed a further visit from Dr. Alice Kober of Brooklyn College who stayed in St. Hugh's for part of the Long Vacation, and we have also had the pleasure of seeing something of our own distinguished member, Dr. Ruth Dean of Mount Holyoke College, while she was working in Oxford during the Long Vacation and Michaelmas Term, and we shall look forward to seeing more of her when she returns from Italy in the spring. News of many appointments of members of the Association to important and interesting posts is to be found in another part of this Chronicle. One of these appointments requires special comment—that of Miss Mary Cartwright, F.R.S., to be Mistress of Girton College as from October 1949. Miss Cartwright is the first former undergraduate of St. Hugh's to become Head of one of the Women's Colleges at either Oxford or Cambridge and we wish her and Girton all prosperity. Throughout the year the work of tidying up the gardens and removing traces of war-time use has continued. The bicycle sheds have been rebuilt, and the corrugated-iron shed put up near the main entrance during the war has been taken down and re-erected where it is both more useful and less unsightly. This has enabled the gardeners to do something with the strip of land along St. Margaret's Road. As this lies to the north of the College buildings, which effectively cut off all sun, flowers will not readily flourish there, but hardy-flowering and berried shrubs have been planted underneath the boundary wall and should provide some colour for most of the year. The greater part of the gardens of the Shrubbery are now cared for by the Maison Francaise whose gardeners have done much to restore it to its pre-war state; the rose garden, however, has been retained by the College and is used as a garden for the Senior Common Room, to take the place of the orchard which was partly built over and the trees cut down during the war, and which cannot be put in order as long as the huts remain. The new scheme for the Scholarship and Entrance Examination referred to in my last report was put into practice last November. All the five Societies examined simultaneously. In Science and Mathematics the examination was a joint one and in Arts the Societies were divided into two groups. The number of first-choice candidates for each College was much smaller than it has been for the last three years, and more comparable to pre-war figures. This drop in numbers does not appear to have been wholly due to the elimination of the 'stage army' of candidates who used to sit for two or three examinations, but was partly due to an absolute drop in the number of candidates. The organization of the examination presented few difficulties but it


is not possible to estimate the success of the experiment as a whole until we have had more experience of its working. The Town and Country Planning Act (1947) naturally affects College property and the Committee on Planning set up last year is at present dealing with matters which arise out of the Act. When this has been done the Committee hopes to work out a comprehensive scheme for the future development of the College, including such additional accommodation as will enable us to take advantage of the increased number of undergraduates we are now allowed by University Statute, as well as various amenities we have so far had to do without. Among ultimate desiderata is a new chapel, for although I expect many members of the Association share my own affection for the present chapel, the fact remains that it is not planned on the lines of a permanent College chapel, and on certain occasions, as for example at a Gaudy, it is too small. The College has received a generous promise of too a year for seven years under deed of covenant for this purpose and has opened a Chapel Fund. The Council does not wish to make any appeal, as it is not yet a question for the immediate future, but any gifts made would be gratefully received and added to the fund; forms of covenant, if desired, can be obtained from the Treasurer.

REPORT OF THE GAUDY, JULY 1[948 TN spite of continuing post-war difficulties the Gaudy in July 1948 was I attended by Senior Members from many localities and representing many different College 'generations'. The Business Meeting in the Mordan Hall on Saturday, July 3rd, was followed by tea and chatter in the grounds, the weather, somewhat uncertain during the week-end, proving kind for the occasion, and the fresh air, the feeling of space, and the possibility of movement were all appreciated after the period of unavoidable immobility at the meeting. At the time when arrangements for the Gaudy had to be made the Government ban on dinners for more than one hundred seemed likely to prove a serious difficulty, but a Reception with a buffet supper solved this problem, the lifting of the ban coming too late for any change to be made. The experiment, actually, provided Senior Members with an opportunity to discuss which was preferable, the more formal dinner of other Gaudies or the more `fluid' form of the 1948 assembly. One's opinion was clearly influenced by the amount of time one had spent on one's feet during the day. But there was no disagreement about the excellence of the supper and general appreciation of the work and thought that had obviously been expended on the organization of the Gaudy as a whole. Before giving the speeches it should be mentioned that the Chapel could have held no larger congregation than was present at the 8 a.m. Service on Sunday. Miss Seaton, in proposing the toast of 'The Association of Senior Members', said that the offering to her of this privilege was only one of the many kind projects of the Principal and Fellows to break the fall of her resignation. It was also the first time that a Fellow and recent Tutor had been given this delightful task—a recognition that a Tutor, though she may have come from `another place', is likely after her first seven-year period to have a wider and more intimate knowledge of former members than have the majority of students after the usual degree course. These biennial meetings, true 'gaudy I0

nights', were joyful opportunities of renewing contact with the life of the College, and of hearing its news. The Principal, in her statement to the Annual Meeting, had been too modest to mention two pieces of personal news; but permission had been extracted from her to tell them now. She had been asked to give at Cambridge the Norman Maccoll Lectures for 1948-9, on 'Alfonso X of Castile as a patron of literature and learning'. This was a welcome recognition of the Principal's high standing in Spanish studies. The other honour, the bestowal of the 'Legion d'Honneur', was an acknowledgement of her good offices to the newly founded `Maison Francaise', the College's latest tenant. The ceremony, performed by the French Ambassador, had naturally included the customary salute, received by the Principal with all due dignity. The second function of a Gaudy was the renewal of ties with one another and with the College, a temporary annihilation of time, a brief period which at first might loom as an ordeal, but which always brought exhilaration and a sense of renewed power. She saw the Association as a dynamo, a focus of power, whether in creative work, or in political, social, or domestic life, as a spiritual irradiation of mutually reflected light. If she might use her former tutorial privilege, she would adapt a phrase from Shakespeare, and assure the College that, even in these uncertain times, 'The Associates are ready'. Miss K. Coburn in responding said that, in quite particular ways and with quite special force, it gave her great pleasure both to respond to her erstwhile moral tutor and to be, as far as she could, the spokesman for the Association of Senior Members on such an occasion. It was quite beyond her wildest student dreams to have a last word after Miss Seaton who had always had an additional reference if the conversation were serious or, if it were flippant, had given it the final 'flip'—it was, therefore, a pleasure to speak after her. It was also a pleasure to see the well-controlled but, perhaps, shocked surprise of the assembly at finding themselves spoken for in a Canadian accent, but she could say that she was glad to be in England and in Oxford, and she felt that she did what all oversea members would want her to do when she tried to tell her listeners how good it felt to be back in England again. In 1946 to see England largely intact, materially and spiritually, in spite of severe hurts, was something to touch one deeply. This time the feeling was of another sort. For one thing, since 1946, England was noticeably spruced up! Gardens seemed to have fewer weeds and houses fresher paint—buses and undergrounds in London had some new advertisements, and the people all looked better, less tired, more sprightly, a better colour. She had even been writing boastful letters home about English food, having had more fresh fruit and greens over here than in Canada in many a moon, but was not allowing an easy Irish–Canadian optimism to colour her picture of England, having been told by almost everyone she had met that the country was on the road to ruin! But this view was not that of intelligent outsiders—the impression of the rest of the world was, very generally, one rather of marvelling admiration and hope. Domestically speaking, food, clothing, and the basic difficulties of living had been distributed with relative fairness and impartiality in England. Imperially speaking, the English had been making the most delicate and momentous adjustments with the empire, without devastating collapse. Internationally speaking, they had won world respect by shouldering and not avoiding the heaviest international debt any country ever contracted. England appeared to many abroad to be one of the few places in a highly irrational world where II

rational courses were still being persisted in. What happened here in the next few years would be of the greatest consequence to the world, for on that depended, to a great extent, the trust that others would put in intelligence, and compromise and right reason, in steering a way out of the present discontents. This brought her back to Oxford and to St. Hugh's particularly. Miss Seaton had reminded them that they must think of St. Hugh's, not as just there in that building and in those beautiful grounds, but as inheriting a much wider sphere. The College had, at present, four Senior Members in the University of Toronto, whence the speaker came, and at least two in the University of Manitoba where one had organized the first School of Social Work. One of them was partly responsible for a greatly extended programme of public education in Canada's most important museum which, therefore, had some of its roots in St. Hugh's. Members of the College were spread about the world and those who lived farthest away would like the Principal and the S.C.R. and those who tended fires nearer home to know that they were not unmindful of them, nor of the charges laid upon them through having enjoyed the privileges of St. Hugh's. To the speaker's mind those privileges were many, but perhaps the greatest was to have been one of a community of learners in which a vigorous attention to the first and foremost object of training the individual mind was not allowed to detract from the equally firm insistence on the community as a whole—the Society. The combination is rarer than one could wish and perhaps those who came from afar regarded it sometimes nostalgically or with the additional warmth that came from realizing how easily they might have missed it. In proposing the toast of the College Mrs. Richardson said: I suppose, just as every soldier of Napoleon carried a Field-Marshal's baton in his knapsack, so every undergraduate carries, in the bicycle basket which was the knapsack equivalent of my generation, the honour of an invitation such as is mine this evening, to propose the toast of her College at a College Gaudy. It is an honour of which I am very sensible. You know, we female Enoch Ardens, or d'Artagnans perhaps, coming back twenty years after, thirty years after— and one honoured guest this evening sixty years after—do so with some emotion. We meet friends. We see a ghost or two. And we look at our surroundings with feelings it would be hard to describe. We see changes, of course, though many of them are rather a case of 'plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose'. It was amusing, for example, to read in the Chronicle of 1945-6 the J.C.R.'s comments on having left behind them Holywell Manor and Saville House and their sense of 'living in hostels', and then to remember that some of us, too, slept once in strange abiding-places along the Norham Road and farther yet afield, and converged by bicycle upon our base by day. And that we, too, many of us, never knew—just as the generation of the Second World War never knew—these lovely buildings as our undergraduate home. But what emerges from our wanderings and our not too wistful rememberings is that this is our home, and that it has gathered to itself in the course of years some tremendous things, things tangible and intangible. Of the things tangible I will not speak. In each Chronicle the 'Principal's Report' tells us of the changing fortunes of our buildings, of our gradual reinstatement, and of the possibilities for the future. Though perhaps I may say how eagerly we female Enoch Ardens await our Chronicle, and how sincerely grateful we are to Dr. Ady and to Miss Lemon for all they do to make it, within its restricted format, so adequate and so enthralling. 12

But of the things intangible three are, I think, outstanding. Two of them are the sense of unity and the sense of achievement. The sense of unity catches at our hearts. Here is a College that has in sixty-two years achieved `a proud equality among the oldest foundations of the University', as the Chairman of your Council emphasized in this place two years ago. Here are spaciousness and dignity and a corporate life with which we are essentially one. We belong here, all of us. We are a part of it. Here, whenever we set foot in Oxford, is our journey's end. And out of generous dreams, as Anatole France once put it, there have come indeed beneficent realities. And just as the sense of unity our College gives us is so heart-warming, so is its sense of achievement, surely, breath-taking. There is a quality about the achievements of St. Hugh's, a fineness, which fills us with pride and touches us, wherever we may be, scattered to the four corners of the world, some of us, or tethered domestically within these islands. Some of us have achieved work on Government commissions and in Government departments : some of us have only achieved grandchildren. But in every case the achievement is one that has nothing second-rate about it. And the College's administrative and academic achievements are a thrill and a delight. Once again the Chronicle will give us the full record of those achievements, and Miss Procter has told us some of them this afternoon; but a few I must detail, if only for the joy they have given to me personally. Miss Headlam-Morley, Fellow and Tutor, appointed Montague Burton Professor of International Relations—the first Oxford woman to be made a Professor in Oxford. Our Principal's charming honour of a Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur. Mary Cartwright's F.R.S., Edith Olivier (whom we lost only a few months ago) for a series of years mayor of the ancient borough of Wilton. It is such achievements that, with so many others, rejoice the older generations, and in which they feel so splendid and vicarious a pride. For we were the students who lived and worked here on sufferance, on our good behaviour (as was not infrequently pointed out to us), unrecognized, almost outside the pale of the University— and such recognition of our contemporaries and successors is as much a joy to us as if it had been a recognition of ourselves. Unity and achievement. Two great things in building up the sense of a corporate entity. But to all building there must be a coping-stone. And the coping-stone has surely been the service, not of brain only but of heart, which those in charge of the College destinies have given so generously and unstintingly—the service of a wise and cherishing love. Even those who have been in close touch with St. Hugh's can hardly yet estimate our debt to Miss Gwyer, though even we know truly how deep and real it is. Nor can we rightly estimate our debt to her devoted colleagues (one of them now her honoured successor) who have with her worked for and loved the College. Without that gift even the achievements would be valueless. With it they make up something beyond price. That is how, I think, speaking most diffidently and yet most proudly, we of an older generation view the College—as a living unity, made fine by achievement and inspired by love, love generously given and, indeed, as wholeheartedly returned, such as moves not only the sun and the other stars but, surely, even colleges as well. It is to that dear and corporate entity that I have the honour to give the toast this evening, coupling it with the name of the Principal. St. Hugh's College! The Principal, in replying, said that much which she had intended to say 13

had already been dealt with by preceding speakers and she therefore had little material left at her disposal. Conversation during the day had shown her that members of the Association were interested in the question of the huts in the grounds. These would remain until 1951 at the earliest, but agreement with the War Office had been reached on the question of compensation in lieu of demolition, and the huts were now de-requisitioned. The University's tenancy of the huts was, therefore, to be extended to 1951, and a lease was in process of being drawn up by the University and the College to give effect to this. The compensation from the War Office and rent from the University should cover the eventual cost of demolition and reinstatement of the garden. With regard to the raising of the quota of women students, the proposed Statute had met with some opposition at the debate in Congregation in January 1948, but this had only mustered 11 votes against 228. To those who remembered the debate in 1927, when the limitation was first imposed, last January's debate seemed to mark the end of an epoch. The maximum number was raised from 85o to 970 and St. Hugh's maximum from r6o to r80. It was not possible to increase to r8o, however, because of lack of accommodation and of the policy of the College to accommodate all but a limited number of undergraduates within its own buildings, but it might be possible to put a small number of older undergraduates out in lodgings, e.g. graduates of other universities who count in the undergraduate quota. The Council had set up a 'planning committee' which would survey the possible needs of the College as a whole and draw up a complete scheme of development. A complete plan to be carried out by instalments would be better than piecemeal building. 'Colleges, no less than towns, require planning to save their sites from haphazard and unrelated accretions.' Though Town Planning was a live issue in Oxford, St. Hugh's was not affected by the proposals in T. Sharp's Oxford Replanned; the College, being outside the University zone, was not, at present, threatened with roads through its grounds or with such proposals as affected the Union, Frewin Hall, and other buildings, though there were possible dangers in the future. The Principal concluded by thanking the previous speakers, assuring the meeting that the College was progressing steadily and enhancing 'its already considerable reputation', and hoping that Miss Gwyer could feel that the traditions she had done so much to build up were being worthily maintained.

GIFT HE following gift has been received since the last issue of the T a charcoal drawing of Miss Gwyer by Mr. Andrew Freeth, presented by a number of past and present members of the Council. The portrait has been Chronicle:

hung in the private dining-room.

ST. MARGARET'S HOUSE INCE we gave you a short account of our doings last year no startling kJ events have occurred at St. Margaret's House. Work for the neighbourhood through clubs and play-centres and the Citizens' Advice Bureau has, however, continued steadily and even increased, and a number of students have come for training. In our club activities some new developments became possible when the 14

bombed factory, which is the nucleus of our Extension Scheme, was turned into a games room last summer. As a clubroom it is a rough-and-ready affair, with bare whitewashed walls, wired windows, and no heating; but as a games room for netball for the children and boxing for the Youth Club it has become invaluable. Moreover the extra space has enabled us to divide the Youth Club into two, and we now have a senior club, the Anson Club, for the over-twenties, and a Youth Club for the fourteens to twenties. The Anson Club arranges its own programme and runs its club through an elected committee. It makes its own charges to its members and pays the House a weekly 'rent' to cover its share of heat, light, rates, and cleaning. After four months' running it has a membership of over sixty and is triumphantly solvent. The younger section has also benefited from the change, new people have come forward as committee members and the club is full of zest and go. One pleasant feature of club life throughout the year has been the help we have received from other organizations. The Cosy Club for pensioners had an afternoon's entertainment and tea given them by the Epping Women's Institute, while the East Horsley Branch entertained a group from the Mothers' Club for an unforgettable day in July. Another party were the guests of the Greenford Women's Fellowship, and, at Christmas, a church at Eltham gave us an eight-foot Christmas tree and a most wonderful collection of children's presents. Throughout the year we have had a continuous supply of food parcels from overseas, the contents of which are mainly given to old-age pensioners on the sick-list. These outings and gifts do help outsiders to learn something of Bethnal Green, and Bethnal Green of them, and so are of great value as well as pleasant in themselves. In the Citizens' Advice Bureau we often have the reverse picture; work which is valuable just because it brings us into touch with the saddest of human problems, with material difficulties—for instance, the almost hopeless search for adequate and decent living accommodation, moral difficulties, the broken home, the deserted wife or husband, and neglected children, and, perhaps saddest of all, many people mentally unstable or unbalanced, often as a result of war strain, who will never again be completely adult and responsible citizens. Not all the queries received in 1948 were sad ones, but all demand great patience and understanding from the Secretary. As well as these general activities St. Margaret's House spends a great deal of time in the practical training of students intending to become professional social workers. The majority of them come for short periods of intensive training, generally during the Long Vacation. We also have some foreign students coming for periods up to six months to get a general picture of English social work. The students themselves are able to make a practical contribution to the work of the House, and, as a rule, quite evidently appreciate the opportunity of learning at first hand the meaning of 'communal activity' and 'social administration' in a place like Bethnal Green. Bethnal Green is indeed full of interest and attraction, not only to the potential social worker, but to all who can appreciate its simple and friendly life. Without great ranges in social and material distinctions, it is untrammelled by the conventions which abound in more sophisticated neighbourhoods, and in spite of many material difficulties its people have a humorous appreciation of the spice of life. So, if any readers feel an urge to come and see Bethnal Green, we shall be glad to show them round and let them judge for themselves. STELLA PENLEY



THE JUNIO COMMON ROOM, 1948-9 Pir HE past year has been a vigorous one for the Junior Common Room,

and members of St. Hugh's have found much to occupy their time in College as well as in University activities. Hospitality has been offered to various University Societies at different times, and amongst the pleasantest pictures of the summer was that made by the Cecil Sharp Club dancing on the lawn under the beech-tree. The Dramatic Society has enjoyed a series of play readings in conjunction with the societies of other Colleges, meetings in the summer being frequently held on the river—a precarious but picturesque setting—and in winter in our own or another J.C.R. The Acting Contests of the Experimental Theatre Club are regularly held in the Mordan Hall, and some of our own representatives have received high commendation both for production and for performance. It is hoped that their talents will be utilized in a forthcoming production, which is at present under discussion. This year has seen the appearance of Venture, a magazine written entirely by women undergraduates, and although the first number was disappointing a recent issue promises well. Next Term's editor is a member of the College. Speakers who have given us the benefit of their experience have included the Director of the Department of Education in Oxford, who gave a most illuminating account of the Government's educational policy and the opportunities in the teaching profession to-day; and the Headmistress of a school in Nyasaland, who brought examples of her pupils' work to show us, and described the life of service with the Universities' Mission to Central Africa. Another meeting, which, although arranged by Mrs. Martin Clarke for the English School, was kindly thrown open to the whole College, was on the occasion of the visit to this country of Professor Kemp Malone, who gave a reading from the Canterbury Tales. The `Nun's Priest's Tale' was never so alive and amusing, and the College was fortunate in this opportunity of hearing so great an authority on Chaucerian pronunciation. The J.C.R. made an agreeable setting for the meeting. Suggestions have been made that the example of Pembroke and Lincoln should be followed and a few good modern pictures be bought by subscription for the Junior Common Room. This project has now been somewhat modified and a committee formed, with a view to the purchase of one picture, to be, perhaps, the first of a collection. Some have already been considered, but in spite of the difficulty experienced in arriving at a decision it is believed that the committee is truly representative, and that it will eventually select a picture which will be pleasing to the whole College and a suitable adornment to the J.C.R. The generous offer of a Flemish still-life was regretfully refused as it was felt that it would not appear to the best advantage in the Junior Common Room. College events during 1948 have included three dances, as it was decided in October to hold them in the Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, and not in the Trinity Term, when Eights Week and Commem. Balls provide sufficient distraction. So in the Hilary, Trinity, and Michaelmas Terms the Social Secretaries did their work well and the dances were very much enjoyed. The formation of a Hertford-St. Hugh's choir enabled the Organ Scholar to arrange an attractive programme of carols for the Service of the Nine Lessons, which was held in Chapel on the last Sunday of the Michaelmas 16

Term, and we look forward also to a production of 'Princess Ida' which the choir is to present in the spring. The Saturday before St. Hugh's Day was celebrated in the usual way with the St. Margaret's House Sale in the afternoon, and an Open Night, when undergraduates had an opportunity of meeting older members of the College resident in Oxford, and of enjoying the musical entertainment arranged by the Organ Scholar. In her report the Principal recorded our pride in the distinctions gained by two members of the College, and we should like to take this opportunity of congratulating Professor Headlam-Morley on her appointment. On the following Sunday a St. Hugh's Day service was held in Chapel, when the preacher was Bishop Hone. Under his direction the study group has been meeting regularly during Term, and it has recently been decided to amalgamate all the groups in College to avoid a diffusion of enthusiasm; this is still in the experimental stage, but the study group has done a lot of interesting work. In the academic field Olive Gee has been awarded the Amy Mary Preston Read Scholarship, and Helen Wallis the Herbertson Memorial Prize, and to her and to Cecily Clark, who gained a First in Schools, the J.C.R. offers its congratulations. LISBETH DAVID

President, St. Hugh's y.C.R.,

1948-9 GAMES REPORT FOR 1948-9. Interest in games has very much revived during this period, although, as was the case last year, results have been achieved by playing for the University rather than the College. The main exception to this has been the achievement of the College rowing four who came head of the river in the inter-College races in both last Trinity and the present Hilary Terms. Water sports in general, however, seem to have become the concern of quite a large proportion of the College. The St. Hugh's membership of the University Yacht Club has increased considerably, and a fair number are joining the expedition to the Broads during the Easter vacation. In swimming 'cuppers', held last Trinity Term, St. Hugh's were a close second to St. Hilda's. At the J.C.R. meeting in the Michaelmas Term it was decided to give up the lease of the boat-house, as in its present state it is unusable, and the finances of the J.C.R. are such that it is not able to support the cost of repair. The College punts will now be kept at Timms', a more economical procedure. The tennis court at No. 82 Woodstock Road has been remade and is now in use, together with that at The Lawn. The cost of this has, of course, been very large, and the J.C.R. are contributing about ÂŁ50 towards it, the College paying the rest. Apart from those mentioned above, College games have been more social than serious, and many informal and enjoyable games of hockey and squash have been played with Men's Colleges. A creditable number of 'blues' were gained by members of the College during the past year; the following having been successful: Joan Burch for hockey; Monica Curzon and Doreen Hunter for rowing; Mary Keene for lacrosse; Barbara Knapp for squash; Pamela Uhde, Petronella Shields, and Virginia Trueman for swimming. Hilda Dailey gained a 'half-blue' for V. TRUEMAN swimming. 17

DEGREES, 1948 B. Litt. M. K. James. B.M. Mrs. Kipling (J. W. Hollins), J. E. McKinstry. M.A. U. R. Allen, Mrs. Allott (A. E. L. Peet), Mrs. Bidgood (Ruth Jones), M. B. Blaker, Mrs. Bowles (I. E. Lambert), M. Brittain, Mrs. Caird (V. M. Newport), E. P. Corner, C. E. Crittall, Mrs. Cronyn (J. Harris), D. F. Cumberlege, Marjorie Davies, M. W. Davies, 0. L. Davison, M. E. Eade, A. H. Elliott, Mrs. Ennis (B. M. Y. Tyler), P. Gibbons, Mrs. Groom (P. R. Horseman), Mrs. Hamilton (A. T. Blake), Mrs. Harding (D. A. 0. Hudson), C. Hornby, R. D. K. Irvine, M. C. Jackson, M. K. James, Gladys Jones, M. M. B. Jones, Mrs. Kearns (B. Broadbent), Mrs. Lamb (H. Dixon), C. M. Lilleyman, Mrs. Lines (E. M. Allum), E. M. Luscombe, Mrs. Mackilligan (M. E. Horn), H. Monfries, M. McQ. Morris, A. Raine, Mrs. Rowland (A. F. G. Alexander), C. M. M. Senior, Mrs. Shaw (P. M. Madden), K. I. Teasdale, M. P. M. Vaulk. B.A. S. M. Backhouse, Mrs. Beith (J. P. Horrigan), M. A. Brady, C. Clark, H. Dailey, S. M. Draycott, E. R. Eade, P. Gibbons, A. I. Gillmore, E. M. Hampson, J. M. C. Harper, B. V. Harris, B. M. Henderson, A. Kohsen, D. M. Lane, J. le G. Clark, P. H. McGregor, A. M. Mayall, P. M. Maycock, M. E. Newman, H. M. Ogilvy, J. A. Pontremoli, A. Raine, J. R. Richards, H. W. P. Richardson, P. Ripley, G. M. Sellers, C. M. M. Senior, Mrs. Smart (Joyce Graham), B. Smith, H. M. Wallis, A. A. Wardley, B. J. Watcyn-Williams, M. E. S. Weir, M. T. Whitcombe, T. E. Zaiman.

HONOUR EXAMINATIONS, 1948 Trinity Term Class II, E. T. Keenor. Literae Humaniores. Modern History. Class III, H. Dailey, E. R. Eade, M. T. Whitcombe. Class IV, E. M. Hampson. Theology. Class II, H. W. P. Richardson. English Language and Literature. Class I, C. Clark. Class II, S. M. Backhouse, A. I. Gillmore. Class III, A. Mayall, A. Maycock. Shortened Hons. Class II, B. Smith. Modern Languages. Class II, J. Graham (Fr.), M. C. Graham (Ger., Fr.), B. V. Harris (Ger., Fr.), D. M. Lane (Ger.), J. A. Pontremoli (Sp., Fr.). Class III, C. H. D. Dawson (Russ.), W. Gawronska (Ital., Fr.), M. Lewis (Fr.), A. E. G. Oakshott (Fr.), G. M. Sellers (Pt. II, Fr.). Philosophy, Politics, and Economics. Class II, M. A. Brady, A. Kohsen, B. J. Watcyn-'Williams. Class III, J. M. C. Harper, V. B. Ledger, M. E. S. Weir. Geography. Class II, H. M. Wallis. Class III, J. M. Bullen. Mathematics. Class III, G. L. A. Schiller. Jurisprudence. Class III, B. Henderson. Natural Science. Class II, E. M. Deuchar (Zoology), P. Ripley (Physiology). Honour Moderations. Classics. Class II, J. F. Leslie, P. M. Stringer, P. V. Thirkell. Class III, J. M. Hawkins, D. M. Hunter, C. A. Read. 18

Mathematics. Class I, I. Stein. Class II, S. M. Fernyhough, J. E. Jackson, J. D. May, Lady A. P. Pery. Natural Science. Class II, P. M. C. Green. Michaelmas Term Modern History. Class II, R. Seaman.

UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIPS AND P IZES Amy Mary Preston Read Scholarship, 1948-9: 0. R. Gee. Herbertson Memorial Prize, 1948: H. M. Wallis.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE RESEARCH COMMITTEE, 1948-9 in 1948 were as follows : To the Elizabeth Wordsworth Studentship, Miss M. K. James, B.Litt., M.A., former Scholar (Honour School of Modern History, Class II, 1938). Miss James is working for the degree of D.Phil.; her subject is 'The Non-sweet Wine Trade of England during the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries'. To the Moberly Senior Scholarship, Miss Cecily Clark, B.A., former Jubilee Scholar (Honour School of English Language and Literature, Class I, 1948). Miss Clark is working for the degree of B.Litt., her subject is 'An edition of Annals, tor to 1154, of the Peterborough Chronicle, with introduction, commentary, grammar and glossary'. Miss V. J. Pitt's tenure of the Mary Gray Allen Senior Scholarship has been renewed for the year 1948-9. Miss Pitt has been accepted as an Advanced Student and is now working for the D.Phil. degree. The following book has recently been published: Kathleen Edwards, The English Secular Cathedrals in the Middle Ages, Manchester University Press, 1949. Miss Edwards, who is Lecturer in Medieval History in the University of Aberdeen, was Mary Gray Allen Senior Scholar from 1942-5. ELECTIONS

MATRICULATIONS, 1948 Michaelmas Term jubilee Scholar: TOULMIN, RACHEL MARY,

Badminton School, Bristol. (History.)


St. Mary & St. Anne, Abbots


Scholars: BROWN, SHIRLEY EDNA, East Ham Grammar School. (Geography.) CAIN, MARJORIE ELIN, Douglas High School, I. of Man. (English.) 19

CROWTHER, GERALDINE, Merchant Taylors' Girls' School. (Geography.) HUNTER, ELIZABETH MAUDE, Wallington Grammar School, Gamble Scholar-

ship. (Mathematics.) North London Collegiate School. (Medicine.)


Exhibitioners: FORTESCUE, CECILY RUTH, St. Paul's Girls' School. (Modern Languages.) HARLOW, BETTY CELIA, County Grammar School, Bexhill. (History.) MARSH, HAZEL SWAINE, Alcester House. (Natural Science.) RICHARDS, ANGELA MARY OLIVIER, St. Paul's Girls' School. (Modern

Languages.) SHANNON, PHILIPPA, Crofton Grange School, Herts. (Classics.) WILLIAMS, MARGARET, Bassaleg Grammar School. (Mathematics.) ZURNDORFER, LOTTE RUTH, Watford Grammar School. (English.)

Commoners: CLEGG, NANCY MARGARET, Manchester High School. COMNINOS, HELEN, Notting Hill and Ealing High Schools (W.A.A.F.). COOPER, PRIMROSE MAY, St. Mary's School, Wantage. DAVIES, SARAH KATHARINE, St. Paul's Girls' School. FONTHIER, CLAUDE-NOELE, Lycee Francais de Barcelone. GILLMAN, DOREEN MARY TREHANE, Oswestry High School (W.A.A.F.). ISLES, CLAIRE ALICE, Lady Eleanor Holles School. KEENE, MARY, Queenswood, Hatfield. KNAPP, BARBARA NAOMI, M.COM. Birmingham University. KNOX, DIANA MARY, St. Felix, Southwold (W.A.A.F.). KYRIS, MARY MARGARET STATHATOS, Institut Francais, Athens. LEVETT, MEGAN CONSTANCE, High School, Ely. MCLACHLIN, MARY LOUISE, B.A., University of Toronto. MATTHEWS, LUCY ELIZABETH, Extra-mural Delegacy Scholar. MATTHEWS, PATRICIA MARY, Perse School for Girls, Cambridge. MAYO, JENNIFER EYRES, Queen Anne's, Caversham. MOORE, ROSEMARY MARGARET, Lawnside, Great Malvern. PARNELL, HEATHER DOREEN, Cheltenham Ladies' College. PREECE, GLENYS MARGARET, County Grammar School, Pembroke. QUAYLE, EDITH MAE, Shanghai Internee Camp Education Department. RIGBY, GILLIAN, St. Paul's Girls' School. ROFFEY, JOCELYN CHLOE HELEN, Roedean. RYAN, DENISE AILEEN MARY, M.A., Melbourne University. SALKIND, JOSEPHINE, St. Paul's Girls' School. SETON, MARY ALICIA, Ravenscroft, Eastbourne. SHEILL, MARY GUTHRIE, Queen Bertha's School, Kent. STAFFORD, ANN, Westcliffe High School. TINDAL, MARY CLAIRE, Mary Erskine School, Edinburgh. TITHERIDGE, DAPHNE RUBY, Orme Girls' School, Newcastle. WHITELEY, MARY JANE, Croydon High School. WOOD, JEAN MARY, Girls' High School, Burton-on-Trent. WOOD, JUNE ROSAMOND MAXWELL, Westonbirt School. WRIGHT, MARY, King Edward's High School, Birmingham.




N December i6th, 1948, ANNE CLARK PHILLIPS (née Fowler), wife of the Rev. A. T. Phillips, Vicar of Great Haywood, Stafford. Student of St. Hugh's Hall, 1892-3. Aged 77. On May loth, 1948, at Wilton, EDITH MAUD OLIVIER, M.B.E. Student of St. Hugh's Hall, 1895-6. In June 1948, after many years of suffering, MARY ST. JOHN WRIGHT, Student of the College, 1917-20. Aged 5o. On December 13th, 1948, at Dorking, AGNES MARGARET HART, M.A., Student of the College, 1917-20. Aged 5o.



(Christ Church),


College, Southampton, at Preshute Church, Marlborough, on March 31st, 1948. BARBARA ANN BRISTOW to LIEUT. H. R. CLUTTERBUCK, D.S.C., R.N., at Brinton, Norfolk, on July 3oth, 1948. MABEL CHERRY BARBARA BURBURY to FRANK DOWRICK, at Helsingfors, on July 21St, 1948. JUNE BURDETT to ROGER GILBERT LANCELYN GREEN,

Kings, Cheltenham, on March 31st, 1948.

at St. Mary's, Charlton


Fellow of Worcester

College, on December 2oth, 1948. at the Church of the Holy Trinity, Geneva, on July loth, 1948. MRS. GADOMSKA (née Sheila Pridmore) to CAPTAIN BRUCE TYRRELL PATTERSON, in London, on January 23rd, 1948. JILL MARY GAMON tO QUENTIN Y. L. WESTON, Colonial Administrative Service, in August 1948. MARY EDNA GERKEN to NEVILLE GEORGE CHARLES CAWTE (Exeter College), at St. James's Church, Shirley, Southampton, on August 7th, 1948. MARY JANET GILBERTSON to MR. IVY, in December 1948. JOYCE HILDA LLOYDS to ROBIN CHARLES OLIVER MATTHEWS (Corpus Christi and Merton Colleges), at St. Peter's in the East, Oxford, on April Toth, 1948. HELGA SUSAN B. FELBERBAUM tO SAM HARRISON,



College), at St. Aldate's, Oxford, on July 3rd, 1948. (Christ Church), in the Cathedral, Oxford, on August Loth, 1948. BARBARA MARY ORTON to the REVEREND J. L. MAY On December trth, 1948. MARGARET BRENDA PRITCHARD tO HILARY PHILLIPS (Merton College), in Oxford, on August 14th, 1948. MORFUDD RHYS to CAPTAIN R. B. CLARK (late King's Dragoon Guards), at the British Embassy, La Paz, Bolivia, on April 17th, 1948. MARGARET NICKLIN to ANTONY JULIAN CROFT, B.A.


(Oriel College), in Llandaff Cathedral, on December 27th, 1948. ROSAMUND RIEU tO DR. TIM COWEN, at St. George's, Hanover Square, on August 11th, 1948. DOROTHY LILY ROWLEY to DOCENT FAHIR rz, on July 24th, 1948. HELEN SINGER to ERIC BLAU at Alt-neu Schul, Prague, on September 16th, 1948. MRS. wHirrY (née Gwenda J. Norman Jones) to FRANCIS JOHN EMBLETON HURST (Magdalen College), on December 3oth, 1947. NONA MURIEL WINDROSS tO ROBERT WARRELL-BOWRING, at St. Mary's Church, Henley-on-Thames, on December r8th, 1948. GERTRUDE VICTORIA WARRE YEATS BROWN to LEO COLE, at St. George's Church, Baghdad, on September 21st, 1948. HELEN WATTERS PATTON RICHARDSON tO WILLIAM SIMPKISS, M.M., M.A.

BIRTHS MRS. ADDISON (P. M. Russell)—a daughter (June Philippa), June 6th, 1948. MRS. ATKINSON (H. R. M. Cobb)—a son, June 3rd, 1948. MRS. BARRETT (C. C. Aspinall)—a daughter (Diana Elizabeth), November 3rd,

1948. MRS. BIDGOOD (Ruth Jones)—a son (Anthony Gwyn), November 12th, 1948. MRS. BOGIE (M. S. Lloyd)—a daughter (Madeleine Sandra Lloyd), June 9th,


MRS. CAIRD (V. M. Newport)—a son (John Newport), September 22nd, 1948. MRS. CARTLEDGE (Katharine Harris)—twin son and daughter, December Toth,


MRS. CHARLES (M. F. Hume)—a daughter, November 26th, 1948. MRS. DOBSON (F. M. Stinton)—a son (John Charles), July 22nd, 1948. MRS. FLETCHER (Mary Jackson)—a daughter, December 17th, 1948. MRS. GARRETT (H. L. Coates)—a son (David Andrew), July 16th, 1948. MRS. GROOM (Phyllis Horseman)—a son (David Martin), April 29th, 1948. MRS. HANDFORTH (Joan Tresise)—a son (Martin Ridway), December 12th,


MRS. HEWSON (Audrey Fisher)—a son (Richard Charles), March 24th, 1948. MRS. HOWELL (Gwendolen Davies)—a son (Christopher Piers), July 6th, 1948. MRS. JOHNSON (H. J. M. Annett)—a son (Christopher Wyne), June 14th, 1948. MRS. KOENIG (A. R. Pow)—a son (Harold Otto), April loth, 1948. MRS. MOWAT (L. E. Homewood)—a daughter (Sarah Louise), April 14th, 1948. MRS. OLLARD (R. M. P. Swain)—a son (Martin Christopher), July 3rd, 1948. MRS. POTTER (A. M. Early)—a daughter, November 24th, 1948. MRS. PROUDFOOT (Mary Macdonald)—a son (Neil Malcolm), April 21st, 1948. MRS. ROOM (G. L. Musto)—a son (Eric George Arthur), October 15th, 1948. MRS. SAMPSON (E. S. Robinson)—a daughter (Elisabeth Hannah), March 18th,

1948. MRS. SCOTT


(Dora Bishop)—a daughter (Lesley Kate Elizabeth), June 26th,

(M. A. E. Howard)—a son (Robin Howard Avison), November 6th, 1948. MRS . SHRIGLEY (M. A. Billitt)—a son (Peter Michael), May 28th, 1948. MRS . STONES (J. M. B. Fradin)—a son (Richard John Laurence), April 16th, 1948. MRS. SCOTT



(G. C. M. Lewis)—a son (Michael Francis), September 2oth,

1948. MRS. WADDAMS (M.

M. Burgess)—a daughter (Catherine Mary), July 12th,


(Jean Crum)—a son (Francis Amyas), June 4th, 1948.

PUBLICATIONS C. M. Ady, M.A., D.Litt. The Role of Women in the Church. Press & Publications Board of the Church Assembly, 1948. 7s. 6d. 0. D. Bickley, M.A. English Translation of Introduction and Notes to Prof. Untegaun's edition of Pushkin's Tales of Belkin. Blackwell's Russian Texts, 1948. Kathleen Coburn, B.Litt. The Philosophical Lectures of S. T. Coleridge. Pilot Press, London, 1948. Joan Evans, D.Litt. Art in Mediaeval France. O.U.P., 1948. 43. 3s. Nadejda Gorodetzky, B.Litt., M.A., D.Phil. St. Tikhon Zadonsky, Inspirer of Dostoevsky. S .P.C.K. (Mrs.) M. J. Hebditch, M.A. Yorkshire Deeds, vol. ix, 1943. Yorks. Arch. Soc. Record Series, vol. cxi. 15s. Mrs. Lucille Iremonger (nee Parks), M.A. It's a Bigger Life. Hutchinsons, 1948. 18s. (Mrs.) B. M. Jalland, B.Litt., M.A. The Church of England and her Ministry (Congress Tracts, No. 11). The Church Union, 1948. 9d. Mrs. D. Elisabeth Martin Clarke, M.A. Culture in Early Anglo-Saxon England. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1947 (Agent in U.K., O.U.P.). izs. 6d. Margery F. Perham, M.A. The Government of Ethiopia. Faber. 3os. (Mrs.) H. L. Polikova (with Miss Eva Wiirterlova). Translation into Czech of John Erskine's The Private Life of Helen of Troy. Lukasik, Prague. loo Czech Crowns. (Mrs.) E. M. Simpson, D.Phil. A Study of the Prose Works of John Donne (2nd and revised edition). O.U.P., 1948. Margaret Sinclair, M.A. William Paton. S.C.M. Press, 1949. ARTICLES Mrs. Buckler, D.Phil. 'Byzantine Education', in Byzantium, ed. Baynes & Moss (O.U.P., 1948). M. L. Cartwright, M.A., D.Phil. 'Forced oscillations in nearly sinusoidal systems.' Journal of Institution of Electrical Engineers, vol. 95, Part III, March 1948. 'Topological aspect of forced oscillations.' Research, vol. i, October 1948. M. M. Chattaway, B.Sc., M.A., D.Phil. 'The Wood Anatomy of the Proteaceae.' C.S.I.R. Division of Forest Products, January 1948. 'Note on the Vascular Tissue in the Rays of Banksia.' Ibid., April 1948. — 'On the significance of Tyloses in Truewood formation.' Ibid., July 1948. `On the Importance of Ray Tissue in the formation of Tyloses and Gum.' Ibid., November 1948. 23

N. I. Chelton, M.A. 'A Field Study Abroad, July 1948' (with W. M. Campbell and M. S. Williamson). The Bulletin of Education (A.T.C.D.E. Journal), December 1948. R. J. Dean, M.A., D.Phil. 'Cultural Relations in the Middle Ages : Nicholas Trevet and Nicholas of Prato' in Studies in Philology, lxv . 4, pp. 541-64, Oct. 1948. Dorothy Everett, M.A. 'Legal phraseology in a passage in "Pearl" ', in collaboration with N. D. Hurnard. Medium ,Evum, 1947. Phyllis Hartnoll, M.A. 'Cyrano—London and New York.' Theatre Newsletter, April 5th, 1947. — 'Drama in American Education.' Theatre in Education, May 1947. The Gaddesden Shrew.' Ibid., June 1948. `Theatre and Society.' Ashridge Quarterly, Winter 1948. Sheila Kenney, M.A. Chambers's Encyclopaedia. Articles on Portugal and on Spanish Towns. Ida C. Mann, M.A., F.R.C.S. 'Induction of an Experimental Tumour of the Lens.' Br. J. Cancer, I. — 'Induction of an Experimental Tumour of the Lens.' Br. J. Ophth., November 1947. 'The Orbital Endocrine Problem.' Ophthalmic Literature, March, 1948. — 'An Experimental and Clinical Study of the Reaction of the Anterior Segment of the Eye to Chemical Injury, with special reference to Chemical Warfare Agents.' Br. J. Ophth. Monograph Suppl. 13, 1948. 'Tissue Culture of Mouse Lens Epithelium.' Br. J. Ophth., September 1948. Mrs. Mary Proudfoot, B.Litt., M.A. Chambers's Encyclopaedia. Article on International Organizations. Marjorie E. Reeves, M.A. 'The Liber Figurarum of the Abbot Joachim of Flora'. Medieval and Renaissance Studies, published by the Warburg Institute (forthcoming). C. L. A. Richardson. 'Mozart and the Millionaire.' Radio play broadcast from West of England, November 1948. Dr. Dorothy Russell, M.A., F.R.C.P. [with others]. `Microgliomatosis: a form of reticulosis affecting the brain.' Brain, vol. 71, I, 1948. [with others]. 'The treatment of purulent pachymeningitis and subdural suppuration with special reference to penicillin.' J. Neurol., Neurosurg. and Psychiat., vol. ii, 143, 1948. [with J. Pennybacker]. 'Necrosis of the brain due to radiation therapy.' Ibid., p. 183, 1948. M. E. Seaton, M.A. 'That Scotch Copy of Chaucer.' Journal of English and Germanic Philology, October 1948. 'Literary History and Criticism—General Works.' The Year's Work in English Studies, vol. xxvii, ch. I, 1946. E. M. Simpson, D.Phil. 'Donne's Spanish Authors.' Modern Language Review, April 1948. M. R. Toynbee, M.A. 'The Countess of Albany and Richard Cosway.' Notes and Queries, 10 January 1948. `A Newly-Discovered Stewart: Fresh Light on Francis, fifth Earl of Bothwell.' Ibid., 15 May 1948. — 'A Further Note on an Early Correspondence of Queen Mary of Modena.' Ibid., 10 July 1948. 24

'Two Letter-Books of Charles I in the Bodleian Library.' Ibid., August 1948. `John Stewart, Duke of Albany and Vic-le-Comte.' The Stewarts, vol. viii, no. 2, 1948. `Views of Richmond Palace in the Reign of Charles I.' Antiquaries' Journal, July-October 1948. `Charles I and the Perrots of Northleigh.' Oxoniensia, XI-XII, 1946-7. Jean Wright (née Crum), M.A., D.Phil. [with Dr. Harold King, F.R.S.] `Antimalarial Drugs.' Proceedings of the Royal Society, October 1948. 21

NEWS AN' APPOINTMENTS OF SENIOR MEMBERS, 1948 (INCLUDING NEWS OF SENIOR MEMBERS WHO WENT DOWN IN 1948.) [The date of appointment is 1948 unless otherwise stated. The date after each name is that of entry to the College.]

was appointed Norman Maccoll Lecturer, University of Cambridge, 1948-9. (The lectures to be delivered in the Lent Term 1949 will deal with the literary work of Alfonso X of Castile.) In June 1948 she was made a Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur. MRS. ALLorr (A. E. L. Peet 1939), M.A., was appointed Secretary at Portadown College, N. Ireland, from January. A. M. ARNOLD, B.A. 094, was appointed an Assistant Mistress at St. Margaret's School, Bushey, from September. M. E. ASHE, B.A. (1941), who has been in Washington with the United Kingdom Treasury Delegation is returning to London in the Spring of 1949—to the Treasury. s. M. BACKHOUSE, B.A. (1944), was appointed Assistant English Mistress at High Storrs Grammar School, Sheffield, and is also a weekly lecturer in Literature for the West Riding W.E.A. M. M. L. BAILEY, M.A. (1937), became a Fellow of the London Child Guidance Clinic in 1947 and is now Educational Psychologist to Ilford, Essex. E. L. BAKER, B.SC., M.A. (1929), is Second Mistress and Senior Science Mistress at the Haberdashers' Aske's School, West Acton. 1. .1. BAKER, M.A. (1935), was appointed Almoner-in-charge at the Churchill Hospital, Headington, under the United Oxford Hospitals, in January. MRS. BARNES (M. M. Beaver 1915), M.A., was appointed an Assistant Mistress at East Holme, Secondary Modern School, Peterborough. F. M. S. BATCHELOR (1898) again organized the Summer School of English for Foreign Students, in Eastbourne. Now, with a few friends, she is starting a permanent School of English for Foreign Students, in temporary premises. F. E. BATES, B.A. (1944), has been Assistant French Mistress at Kettering High School since September 1947. ELSIE BAXTER, B.A. (1942), is now Scripture Mistress at Kendrich School, Reading. L. F. BELL, M.A. (1929), was appointed Head of the Staff and English Mistress at Lawnside School, Malvern, from May 1949. 0. D. BICKLEY, M.A. (Fellow), examined for the Final Honour School of THE PRINCIPAL


Modern Languages in December 1947 and December 1948. During sabbatical leave in 1948, on a lecturing tour in America, she lectured at Smith College, and Wellesley College, Mass., the Principia College, Illinois, Texas Christian University, East Tennessee State College and others, as well as for many learned Societies. MRS. BIDGOOD (Ruth Jones 1940), M.A., did part-time work with an advertising agency from January to March. F. E. BOOTH, B.A. (1944), was appointed Assistant English Mistress at the Cambridgeshire High School for Girls from September. C. W. BRADBURY, M.A. (1935), began training as Organizing Secretary for the Invalid Childrens' Aid Association in February. L. E. BRADDICK, B.A. (1927), is Second Mistress and Classics Mistress at the County Grammar School, Peterborough. B. C. H. BRODIE, M.A. (1936), is staying at the College Moderne Octave Greard, Paris, as English Assistant, till July 1949. MRS. CARLISLE (S. G. Grove 1939), M.A., is now Assistant Visual Aids Editor, Council of Industrial Design. L.M. L. CARLTON, B.A. (1944), was appointed Science Mistress at Brighton and Hove High School from September. MRS. CARR (E. D. Ritchie 1924), M.A., was an examiner in Latin for the London University, and for the Oxford and Cambridge, Schools Examination Board in 1947 and 1948. K. L. CARRICK SMITH, M.A. (1920), was appointed Headmistress of the Mount School, York, in April 1947. JULIA CARTWRIGHT, B.A. (1921), was appointed Art Mistress at the Macclesfield Grammar School for Girls from January 1949. M. L. CARTWRIGHT, M.A., D.PHIL. (1919), who was pre-elected Mistress of Girton as from October 1st, 1949, went to the United States on December 31st to lecture at various universities, including Chicago, Stanford, and the California Institute of Technology, but mainly at Princeton University, where she will be Consultant on Professor Lefschetz Differential Equation Project during February, March, and April, 1949. OLIVE CHANDLER, M.A. (1929), who visited Italy on behalf of the International Department of the National Council of Social Service in April—May, was appointed an Inspector, Children's Department, the Home Office, from June. N. I. CHELTON, M.A. (1930, who has been a Lecturer in History and Social Science at Matlock Training College since September 1947, was appointed a Senior Lecturer from January 1st, 1949. CECILY CLARK, B.A. (1945), is the Moberly Senior Scholar for 1948-9. K. H. COBURN, B.LITT. (1930), who is Assistant Professor of English at Victoria College, Toronto, was awarded a Senior Research Fellowship for 1948-9 by the International Federation of University Women and is continuing her work on an edition of the Coleridge notebooks, with grants from the Leverhulme Research Fellowships Committee and the Humanities Research Council of Canada. DOROTHY COCKER, B.A. (1926), is Headmistress of Kirklands Secondary School, Birkenhead. MRS. COOKE (A. H. Huxley 1924), M.A., writes that three children, a small market-garden and shop, limit her activities to the village and local Women's Institute. BRENDA COWDEROY, B.A. (1943), 1S reading for the Bar. 26

(Rosamund Rieu 1940), B.A., was appointed Research Assistant, Historical Section of the Cabinet Offices from May and has continued this work half-time since her marriage in August. C. E. CRITTALL, M.A. (1935), was appointed Assistant Editor of the Victoria County History of Wiltshire in March. MRS. CROCKER (0. M. K. Harris 1935), B.A., writes that since her husband's sudden death in February she has turned her house into two self-contained flats and let the top one. She has plans for taking up some work in 1949. MRS. CROFT (Margaret Nicklin 1943), B.A., still teaches French and Music at the Schools of Technology and Art, Oxford. D. F. CUMBERLEGE, B.A. (1937), was appointed English Mistress at Kingsmead School, Melrose, Johannesburg, from January 1949. M. R. CUNNINGHAM, M.A. (1919), is a Correspondence Tutor, National Adult School Union. M. J. DANIELS, B.A. (1942), obtained the Diplome d'aptitude a l'enseignement du francais moderne in July, after spending a year at the Universite de Lausanne, and has been Assistant English Mistress at the Gymnase de Jeunes Filles, Lausanne, since September. D. R. DAVIE, B.A. (1941), has been Assistant to the Economic and Statistical Adviser, British Celanese, Ltd., since March. MARJORIE DAVIES, M.A. (1941), was appointed English Mistress at the High School for Girls, Spalding, Lincs., from September. M. W. DAVIES, M.A. (1939), is now back in England working with the Pacifist Service Unit in London. EVA DAWS, M.A. (1921), was Deputy Headmistress of the Grammar School for Girls, Watford. I. M. M. DEAN, M.A. (1922), one of H.M. Inspectors of Schools, was appointed Secretary of the Central Advisory Council for Education (England) in April 1947. R. J. DEAN, M.A., D.PHIL. (1922), was awarded a Fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation for work on Anglo-Norman MSS., and granted leave of absence from Mount Holyoke College, 1948-9. She is at present in England and proud of her election as a guest-member of St. Hugh's S.C.R. in the Michaelmas Term. H. C. DENEKE, M.A. (1900), toured Germany for the German Education Section of the Foreign Office, visiting Women's Organizations. She is now Chairman of the International Committee of the National Federation of Women's Institutes. E. M. DEUCHAR (1945) was awarded a Research Studentship at the Institute of Animal Genetics, Edinburgh, by the Agricultural Research Council. C. M. DOWLER, B.A. (1938), is now Conference Officer to the Council of Industrial Design, and organizes Design Weeks throughout Great Britain. A. M. DOWNIE, M.A. (1937), went to Jamaica on a three years' appointment in August, and is teaching Geography at St. Hugh's High School, Kingston. A. M. S. DUNN, M.A. (1939), is still Senior English Mistress at the City of Worcester Grammar School for Girls, and was appointed to the lecturing panel of short courses for German teachers of English, organized by the German Education Branch of the Foreign Office in April 1947 [J. A. CAVED, M.A. (1937), was also on this Panel]. C. M. G. DUTHOIT, M.A. (1927), has a permanent appointment in the National Agricultural Advisory Service. MRS. COWEN


M. Smith 1914), B.A., was appointed Visiting Magistrate, Winson Green Prison, Birmingham. E. M. C. DYKE, B.A., B.M., B.CH. (1940), is now House Physician at the Derbyshire Royal Infirmary, Derby. E. R. EADE (1945) is reading for the Oxford Diploma in Education. M. G. EDWARDS, B.A. (1935), became a permanent Civil Servant in May, when she was established by the Ministry of Supply where she has been working since 1943. A. H. ELLIorr, M.A. (1938), is now reading English at St. Hugh's. NORA ELLIOTT, M.A. (1940), was appointed Secretary to the Secretary of the Association of Municipal Corporations in May. JOAN EVANS, D.LITT. (1914), was appointed President of the Royal Archaeological Institute, and a Vice-President of the Society of Antiquaries. DOROTHY EVERETT, M.A., was appointed Reader in English Language, University of Oxford, from October. A. A. B. FAIRLIE, M.A., D.PHIL. (1935), Fellow of Girton, was appointed a University Lecturer in French, Cambridge, from October. MRS. FEARON (Diana McKenna 1934), M.A., is now in British Somaliland where her husband is a District Commissioner. B. E. FIELDING, B.A. (1943), was appointed Assistant Modern Languages Mistress at St. Margaret's School, Bushey, from September. M. C. FINCH, M.A. (1938), was appointed to the Staff of the Nuffield Foundation, London, in January. D. I. FLETCHER, M.A. (1938), was appointed Lecturer in French and Assistant in the Department of English at the Diocesan Training College, Salisbury, from September. D. M. FORSTER, M.A. (1937), is now a French teacher at a Tutorial school. S. DE C. FORSTER, M.A. (1931), is a Lecturer in Social Studies at Nottingham University. J. M. E. FORTESCUE-FOULKES, B.A. (1942), was appointed Assistant Experimental Officer, Anti-Locust Research Centre, British Museum of Natural History. 0. P. FRODSHAM, B.A., B.M., B.CH. (1942), was appointed House Physician to the Children's Department of the Churchill Hospital, Oxford. MRS. GARRETT (H. L. Coates 1937), M.A., writes `In November 1947 I flew out [from Canada] with my son to New Zealand and returned in April by plane. I had not been home since I left for England, to come to St. Hugh's, in 1937. I stayed with my parents and saw old friends—including Cecil Algie (nÊe Upton), who went to St. Hugh's with me from New Zealand, and her three children. I found New Zealand as beautiful as ever, but much changed by conditions resulting from the war and a long period of Labour Government.' J. A. CAVED, M.A. (1937), who was prospective Liberal Candidate for the Sutton Division of Plymouth and a member of the National Council of the Liberal Party until September, was appointed an Assistant Principal in the Administrative Grade of the Civil Service from September. O. R. GEE, B.A. (1944), was awarded the Amy Preston Read Scholarship and a Gilchrist Studentship (shared), as well as the Junior British Scholarship of the Federation of University Women. J. M. GIBBINS, B.A. (1942), left the Colonial Office on her appointment as Secretary to the Principal of the University College of the Gold Coast, at Achimota, from January 1st, 1949.



A. I. GILLMORE, B.A. (1945), is reading for a B.Litt. M. R. GLOVER, M.A. (Fellow 1927), is an Extra-mural

Tutor of the University of Oxford in North Staffordshire. R. W. GODDARD (1902) is the representative for the parish of Uffculme on the Tiverton Rural District Council. M. C. GODLEY, M.A. (1919), who travelled in U.S.A. and Mexico, and gave several lectures on India in 1947, was appointed Adviser to the House of Citizenship. She is shortly starting a new type of lecture-bureau, specializing on lecturers from the Commonwealth and U.S.A. HAZEL GOODWIN, B.A. (1943), is a Student at the University of London School of Librarianship. MRS. GRANDY (A. I. M. Shaw 1936), M.A., has accompanied her husband to Canada where he has been in the Department of External Affairs, Ottawa, since September. MRS. LANCELYN GREEN (June Burdett 1944), B.A., is teaching at Holton Park Girls' Grammar School, Oxfordshire. o. M. GRIFFITHS (1924) was appointed Secretary to the Local History Committee of the Gloucestershire Community Council. A. M. GRUTTER, M.A. (1932), writes : 'Since I September 1948 I have been Adult Education Control Officer, Land Schleswig Holstein, Control Commission, Germany. I am the Military Government officer who is responsible for advising and assisting the German authorities on adult educational activities in Schleswig Holstein. It is an extremely interesting region— seething with problems; e.g. a vast refugee influx from Eastern Germany, a pro-Danish minority in the north. In spite of the problems there is considerable activity in adult education, partly owing to the prestige and influence of neighbouring Danish Folk High Schools, and partly to the keen desire of many Germans to renew their contacts with the rest of Europe and to widen their ideas after years of one-sided propaganda.' A. E. GUILDING, B.A. (1944), was appointed an Assistant Lecturer in the Department of Biblical Studies in the University of Sheffield from October. P. M. GWYNNE, M.A. (1909), has lately rejoined the Association of Senior Members. Since 1914 she has been a taxi-driver, a private chauffeur to an M.P., a director of a motor company. She started a 'bush' school in British Guiana in 1923, and has been Headmistress of a Siamese School in Bangkok, of a Parsi school in Poona, of her own school in London, and Senior Mistress of an English school in Egypt. She is now Senior English Mistress in a Welsh school near London—The Welsh Girls' School, Ashford, Middlesex. W. J. HACKNEY, B.A. (1944), was appointed Assistant History Mistress at Brownhills County Grammar School, Stoke-on-Trent, from September. ANNIE HADFIELD, M.A. (1923), is still working as an assistant in the Extramural Department of the University College of the South-West, Exeter. E. H. HADFIELD, B.A., B.M., B.CH. (1940), who is Registrar to the Ear, Nose, and Throat Department of the Radcliffe Infirmary, is going to Zurich in January 1949 for six months as an assistant in the Ear, Nose, and Throat Department of the Hospital there. M. B. HALL, M.A. (1924), has been Lecturer in English at the F. L. Calder College of Domestic Science, Liverpool, since September 1946. PHYLLIS HARDCASTLE, M.A. (1930, was appointed Senior Temporary Assistant, Establishments Division, Ministry of Supply, in November. She was Assistant Secretary of the Ministry of Supply Branch of the Society of Civil 29

Servants from March to November and was elected to the National Executive Council of the Society of Civil Servants in May. C. M. HARGRAVE, M.A. (1908), has been doing part-time work in a private preparatory school since October. G. M. C. HARPER, B.A. (1945), has been a trainee with the John Lewis Partnership since December. She was an interpreter, translator, and information clerk with the Olympic Games headquarters. J. 0. HARRIES, M.A. (1938), having done Library Research with the Joint Intelligence Bureau of the Ministry of Defence from August 1946–July 1947, has been doing research for the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer British Studios since 1947. B. V. HARRIS (1945) was appointed to the staff of the R.N. Girls' School, Haslemere, from September. MRS. HARRIS (Evelyn Phipps 1912) is doing secretarial work in Johannesburg. She still hopes to return to England to live in due course, but is at present unable to live in so damp a climate because of asthma. Y. L. HARRISON, B.A. (1941), left the Alice Ottley School, Worcester, in July and is taking a secretarial training at the London College of Secretaries. PHYLLIS HARTNOLL, M.A. (1926), has now finished her work on the Oxford Companion to the Theatre and hopes it will be published in about a year's time. Meanwhile she has begun work on the preparation of a thesis for the Doctorat of the University de Paris. She is English correspondent of the Societe de l'histoire du theatre and a foundation member of the Committee of the recently-founded Society for Theatre Research. M. J. L. HAZLEHURST, B.A. (1931), was Research Assistant, Institute of Adult Education, Teachers' College, Columbia University, from February to September. She writes: 'I was responsible for several "annotations" of documentary films in the Spring, Summer and Fall issues of Film Forum Review, a quarterly devoted to the use of motion pictures in Adult Education, published by the Institute of Adult Education, Columbia University. By an "annotation" was meant a full summary of the film and also a critical review of it, judging its usefulness for adult groups. I returned from U.S A. at the end of September, having enjoyed my year very much. I took the M.A. in Adult Education and thoroughly enjoyed the course. I was a student in a Short-story class led by Miss Martha Foley, who edits The Best American Short Stories every year. My scholarship covered fees only so I earned my living expenses and passage home by part-time work.' B. M. HENDERSON, B.A. (1945), is working in the University Registry, Oxford. J. M. HEPBURN, M.A. (1940), was a Lecturer at the Royal Academy of Dancing until July. ETHEL HERDMAN, M.A. (1907), was appointed Secretary to the National Women Citizens' Association. M. N. HEWINS, M.A. (1921), has just completed twenty-one years of touring schools and villages with Shakespeare and modern plays—with the Osiris Repertory Company which she founded to take plays to small places. The company has travelled about 200,000 miles, all over England, Scotland, and Wales. c. M. HILL, B.A. (1944), was appointed Assistant to the Curators of the Muniments at Glasgow University in July, having obtained the Diploma in the Study of Records at Liverpool University. 30

E. M. HIRST, B.A. (191'7),

is Secretary to the Harrogate Citizens' Guild of Help and Citizens' Advice Bureau. K. M. HOBBS, M.A. (1924), has been awarded the Medaille de la Reconnaissance francaise by the French Government. M. I. HODGKINS (1943) was appointed History and Games Mistress at the Brampton Road Girls' Secondary School, East Ham, from October 1947. I. R. HODGSON, M.A. (1940), has been working with a Salvation Army relief team in Germany since October. S. P. C. HODGSON, B.A. (1943), has an appointment in the local office of the Ministry of Food, Thornbury, Gloucestershire. M. S. HOLLAND, M.A. (1913), is now part-time secretary to the Vicar of Cirencester. M. C. HONOUR, M.A. (1937), who is working for a Ph.D. of Yale University, is an Instructor in the Department of English at Barnard College, Columbia University. She is a member of the Committee on selections for Oxford Women's Colleges of the American Association of University Women. CECILY HORNBY, M.A. (1935), was appointed Research Assistant, Ministry of Town and Country Planning, Reading, in August. B. E. HOW, M.A. (1939), was appointed Senior History Mistress at Tunbridge Wells County Grammar School for Girls in September. G. E. S. HUNT, B.A. (1934), was appointed Tutor-organizer for the West Riding of Yorkshire under the National Association of Girls' Clubs and Mixed Clubs. MRS. HURST (Mrs. Whitty 1945), B.A., was appointed part-time Lecturer in Adult Education for King's College, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (University of Durham), in Carlisle. She is also an occasional Regional Lecturer on Dominion topics for C.O.I to Rotary Clubs, Women's Institutes, &c. MARGARET IGGLESDEN, B.A. (1942), was appointed an Assistant Mistress at St. George's School, Clarens, Switzerland, from January 1949. MRS. IREMONGER (Lucille Parks 1934), M.A., has done several talks and interviews on the B.B.C., including a television interview on the subject of her book, Its a Bigger Life, which sold out soon after publication, and is being reprinted. She also broadcast a short story and is doing a considerable amount of lecturing. MRS. IVY (M. J. Gilbertson 1942), B.A., was Secretary to one of the Editors at Percival Marshall & Co., but gave up her work on getting married. Her husband is in his third year at Cambridge after six years in the army. K. A. M. JACKMAN, M.A. (1941), is now Senior French Mistress at the Ilfracombe Grammar School. MARGARET JACOBS, B.A. (1942), was appointed an Assistant Lecturer in German in the University of Manchester and an Assistant Tutor at Ashburne Hall. MRS. JAFFE (G. M. Spurway 1917) is now head of the Social Science department at Baret College of the Sacred Heart, Lake Forest, Illinois. While her twin sons, aged 12, went camping in August, she and her daughter made a flying visit to England. MRS. JALLAND (B. M. Hamilton Thompson 1923), B.LITT., M.A., was appointed an External Examiner in History at Fishponds Diocesan Training College (Bath University Institute of Education). She spoke at the Sixth AngloCatholic Congress in the Central Hall, Westminster, in July, on the Anglican Ministry. 3'

D. M. JAMES, B.A. (1943), was appointed to a Tutorial Research Studentship in Mathematics at Royal Holloway College, in October. M. K. JAMES, B.LITT., M.A. (1935), was elected Elizabeth Wordsworth Student for 1948-9. MRS. JAMES (M. G. K. Moilliet 1934), B.A., is a Governor of Barnstaple Secondary Schools. M. T. JAMES, M.A. (1935), is doing journalism on the staff of the Cambrian News. J. A. JOHNSTON (1901) still does Parish and Diocesan Committee work in Gloucestershire. MRS. JONES (Josephine Lane 1934), B.A., whose husband is a Bristol Grammar Schoolmaster, does part-time social work helping the Diocesan Secretary of the Girls' Friendly Society in Bristol. N. S. JONES, M.A. (1938), is still a temporary Administrative Assistant in the Ministry of Works. MRS. KALEN (Vera Pattison 1916), M.A., writes that her son has just taken his Diploma in Agriculture. MRS. KEARNS (Betty Broadbent 1941), M.A., resigned her appointment at Hebden Bridge Grammar School in July 1947. MRS. KENNEY (S. F. De Sa 1938), M.A., resigned her Lecturership at Reading University in March when her husband was appointed Principal of Dorset Farm Institute. M. E. KING, M.A. (1909), resigned her appointment at Redland High School, Bristol, in March. MRS. KIPLING (J. W. Hollins 1942), B.A., B.M., B.CH., was an Assistant Mistress at Flinton High School, Hull, from January to July 1947. ANITA KOHSEN, B.A. (1945), is reading for the Honour School of Philosophy and Psychology at Oxford. o. J. LACE, M.A. (1924), was appointed a visiting Lecturer at William Temple College, Hawarden, in October, and took a B.D. degree at Manchester in July. D. M. LANE, B.A. (1945), is doing her teacher's training at the Cambridge Training College for Women. E. M. 0. LAURIE, B.SC. (1942), was appointed Assistant Curator of the Hope Department of Entomology, University Museum, Oxford. MRS. LE MARE (Gladys Keay 1931), BA., is Hon. Editor of the Malayan Nature Journal. I. F. V. LYNN, M.A. (1923), was appointed to the staff of the Monmouth School for Girls, from January 1949. M. H. MACKENZIE, M.A. (1915), has resigned her post at Sheffield High School. MRS. MACKILLIGIN (M. E. Horn 1923), B.A. N. G. Mackilligin, husband of Madeleine, died on May loth, 1948. R. D. MALLIN, B.A. (1931), was appointed Senior Classics Mistress at Wolverhampton Girls' High School from September. E. N. MARTIN, M.A. (1922), is now Senior Lecturer in the Division of Extension, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. MRS. MARTIN CLARKE, M.A. (Fellow), was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries (F.S.A.). MRS. MATTHEWS (Joyce Lloyds 1943), LA., was working at Government Communcations H.Q. from December 1947—March 1948 and has been teaching at the Crescent School, Norham Gardens, Oxford, since September. 32

(B. M. Orton 1943), B.A., resigned her appointment at Pontefract High School in November and since her marriage in December has gone to Tasmania. A. M. MAYAL, B.A. (1946), was appointed Secretary at the Department of Human Anatomy, Oxford. MARGARET MILLINGTON, B.A. (1944), is studying for the postgraduate Diploma in Social Study at Edinburgh University, living in the University Settlement. MRS. MISCHLER (H. M. Newell 1929), M.A., writes that she is kept busy with three daughters and with housekeeping and catering for a boarding-house of 55 boys. MARGARET MOORE, M.A. (1915), returned to India in June 1947 and is lecturing in New Testament and English at the Women's Christian College, Madras. N. M. MOORE, B.A. (1943), has been Secretary to Professor Ewert, in Oxford, since April 1947. M. E. M. MORGAN (1918) is Assistant Almoner at St. Mary Abbot's Hospital, Kensington. JOAN MORTON, B.A. (1944), was appointed Assistant English Mistress at Monmouth School for Girls from September. MRS, MOULTON (E. M. Brown 1927), M.A., and her husband left Berlin in July and are now in Frankfurt-am-Main. MRS. MUNBY (L. H. Jaques 5945), B.A., was an Assistant History Mistress at Luton High School for Girls in 5947 and is now an Assistant Youth Leader at the Chesterton Youth Centre, Cambridge. MRS. NIEBUHR (U. M. Keppel-Compton 5926), M.A., writes that she was `disappointed that plans for being in England in 1948 had to be changed. Am looking forward to better luck another year. Our children flourish and grow: Christopher is at boarding-school and Elizabeth goes to school here in New York.' D. M. NUTBOURNE, B.A. (1943), is a medical student at St. Thomas's Hospital, London. M. M. OLDHAM, M.A. (1940), was appointed History Mistress at Ashford County Grammar School for Girls, Kent, from September. MRS. OLLARD (R. M. P. Swain 1940), B.A., returned from Nigeria for nine months until April 1949 with her husband, who came for a Colonial Service Course. R. M. ORGILL, M.A. (1939), has been a Probation Officer in the City of Leeds since 5946. A. M. M. ORIEL, B.A. (1943), is a medical student at St. George's Hospital, London. LADY PATERSON (F. M. Baker 1915), B.A., is on the editorial staff of the MRS. MAY

Farmers' Weekly.

(Sheila Pridmore 1936, Mrs. Gadomski), M.A., is doing research work into Race Relations in South Africa for a thesis for the London School of Economics' postgraduate Diploma in Anthropology. PAULA PEDLAR, B.A. (1943), was appointed to the Catalogue Revision Staff of the Bodleian Library in May. D. E. PENNY, B.A. (1937), was appointed Assistant Almoner at the North Middlesex County Hospital, Edmonton, in April. A. C. PERCIVAL, M.A. (1921), who has been Vice-Principal of the Forest (Emergency) Training College since 1945, writes that she is 'very fully occupied MRS. PATTERSON


with lecturing on Principles of Education and on English Literature, also with dramatic work. This college is to continue till June 195o.' M. F. PERHAM, M.A. (1914), who was awarded the C.B.E. in the Birthday Honours, was appointed a Fellow, in Imperial Government, of Nuffield College. She resigned the Readership of Colonial Administration and from directing the Institute of Colonial Studies in order to take up a full-time Official Fellowship at Nuffield College, and to concentrate upon writing and directing colonial research. She will continue to edit books on colonial problems for the College, and also to lecture and assist in the Colonial Service Training Course. She visited the Sudan at the request of the Government to advise about the training of Sudanese for administrative posts in view of the movement towards self-government: and she visited Makerere College, Uganda, for the Inter-University Council on Higher Education in the Colonies. A. D. K. PETERS, B.A., B.M., B.CH. (1919), was appointed Principal Medical Officer, Wales and Midland Region, Ministry of Supply. She resigned her appointment as part-time Lecturer in the Nuffield Department of Occupational Health of Manchester University. MRS. PHILLIPS (M. B. Pritchard 1940), M.A., resigned her appointment at Headington School in July, before being married in August. She will teach Geography and Botany for three mornings each week in Abingdon, from January 1949. R. L. PHILLIPS, M.A. (1909), who was Senior English Mistress at the County High School for Girls, Colchester, from September 1921, will retire in July 1949. MRS. POLAKOVA (H. L. Utitz 1944), B.A., writes that after returning to Czechoslovakia from England she started working for the D.Phil. of the Charles University of Prague and prepared a thesis on English and Russian War Poetry. She and her husband have decided to go to a collective settlement in Israel, leaving Czechoslovakia for Israel in January 1949, and so she has not been able to finish her studies. J. A. PONTREMOLI, B.A. (1945), had a three months' temporary appointment as a Precis Writer to U.N.O in Paris from September. MRS. POPE (G. E. Fryer 1936), M.A., has been an Instructor in French at Taunton Technical Institute Evening Classes since September, and is doing part-time French teaching at Bishop Fox's School and St. Katherine's School, Taunton. M. J. PORCHER, M.A. (1910), marked scholarship examinations for Gloucester City Education Committee. 0. M. POTTS, M.A. (191 I), is a member of the Church of England Council for Education and of the Governing Body of the William Temple Theological College for Women as well as of the Executive Committee of the Association of Headmistresses and of the Ministry of Education Committee on Boarding Education. LUNED POWYS-ROBERTS, M.A. (1934), who had been Acting Warden of the Alexandra Hall of Residence, Aberystwyth, was appointed Warden in March. MRS. PROUDFOOT (Mary Macdonald 1930), B.LIrr., M.A., who relinquished her appointment as Lecturer in Modern History at Somerville in July 1947 in order to join her husband in Chicago, is working for Nuffield College and for the Rockefeller Foundation on a two-and-a-half years' research 34

project—a comparative study of British and American Administration in the Caribbean. ANGELA RAINE, M.A. (1941), is the Librarian of the Photographs Library at the Central Office of Information. S. E. E. RANDALL, B.A. (1939), is now out of hospital and convalescing in Dorset. MURIEL M. REES, B.A. (1944), was appointed Geography Mistress at Aberdare Grammar School for Girls. B. J. REEVE, M.A. (1930), has now left Manchester and is living at home. M. E. REEVES, M.A. (1923), was appointed a Member of the Schools Broadcasting Council. She has lectured for various Ministry of Education Courses, and for the Council for Mental Health, and has continued work on the Central Advisory Council for Education and the British Council of Churches. D. M. RENNIE (1941) is Classical Tutor to Miss Hobbs's Tutorial Establishment. V. B. C. F. RHYS DAVIDS, B.A. (1915), was Chairman of the Banstead Urban District Council, Surrey, 1948-9. H. W. P. RICHARDSON, B.A. (1945), was reader and secretary to a blind theologian in Cambridge and was married in December. PAULINE RIPLEY, B.A. (1945), is a medical student at St. Thomas's Hospital, London. MRS. ROBERTS (E. M. Luscombe 1940), M.A., had a post with Government Communications Headquarters from May 1947 till her marriage in July 1948. J. M. ROBINSON (1944) is a medical student at the Middlesex Hospital. L.C. ROGERS, M.A. (1901), is nursing her invalid sister in the Isle of Wight. PAMELA ROTHWELL, B.A. (1944), who was awarded a Sir John Dill Fellowship to Smith College, Mass., U.S.A., in 1947, was appointed Scientific Officer (Nuclear Physics Department) at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell in November. PROFESSOR D. S. RUSSELL, (M.A. 1942), is a member of the Medical Sub-committee of the University Grants Committee, and a Governor of Girton College, Cambridge. J. E. R. SALTER, M.A. (1934), was appointed Deputy Intelligence Officer at the I.C.I. Pest Control Research Station, Bracknell, from September. G. L. A. SCHILLER (1944) is doing her teaching training at the Goldsmiths' College, London. MRS. SCOTT (Dora Bishop 1939), M.A., resigned her appointment at Enfield County School in March. M. D. B. SEATON, B.A. (1940), has had a post with the British Council in New Delhi since November 1947. J. M. SEGAR, B.A. (1942), was appointed an Intelligence Officer, Council of Industrial Design, in May. c. M. M. SENIOR, M.A. (1940), was appointed Assistant Secretary of St. Katharine's College, Liverpool, from November. J. E. SEYMOUR, M.A. (1936), was appointed Language Mistress at the Warren School, Broadwater, Worthing. M. L. sims, B.A. (1943), was granted leave of absence from the Adult Education Department of Hull University for the summer term to take a course at the Bristol Old Vic. Theatre School and to do some work at Bristol University. MRS. SINGER BLAU (Helen Singer 1943), B.A., is now living in Oxford. 35

(A. M. Weeks 1941) has been a caseworker in the Emergency Help Scheme, British Red Cross, since June. B. A. SKEMP, M.A. (1937), was accepted as a student member of the Institute of Personnel Management, and has been a trainee at Cadbury Brothers, Bourneville, since September. s. P. SLIPPER, B.A. (1944), has been an Historical Research Assistant from September. BETTY SMITH (1946) is reading for the Oxford Diploma in Education. B. J. SMITH, B.A. (1944), was appointed a Chemist to Norfolk Canneries, Ltd., North Walsham, from April. M. I. G. SMITH, B.A. (1940), who did a secretarial training course after her release from the A.T.S. in April 1947, had a secretarial post in the Central European Service of the B.B.C. before being appointed to the editorial staff of the Hertfordshire Mercury (a local weekly newspaper) in December 1948. A feature article she wrote, based on an experience in Transjordan while with the A.T.S., was printed in the Glasgow Herald of February 28th, 1948. P. A. SMITH, M.A. (1932), is Senior Modern Language Mistress at Croydon High School. THE HON. JANETTA SOMERSET, B.A. (1943), has been a London Correspondent of Baltimore Sun papers, Maryland, U.S.A., since September 1946. MRS. SPENCER (D. L. Lindsay 1942), B.A., is a Medical Student at St. Thomas's Hospital, London. L. LEIGH SPENCER (1913) has now retired from teaching. H. M. STEWART, B.A. (1943), was appointed Secretary at the English-Speaking Union in London from September. MRS. STRAWBRIDGE (Stella Hassid 1942), B.A., has resigned her appointment with I.C.I., Ltd. Al. H. SYKES, M.A. (1939), was appointed an Assistant Lecturer in the Department of History, University of Manchester. She is now B.D., Ph.D. of Manchester. M. R. TOYNBEE, M.A. (1918), was elected F.S.A. in February. MRS. TRENEMAN (P. G. Moss 1925) was appointed an Assistant Examiner in Geography, Northern Universities Joint Matriculation Board. D. E. TUCK, B.A. (1944), was appointed a Supply Teacher for Willesden W.E.A. from July. MRS. TUPPER (D. F. H. Chappel 19II), M.A., is Hon. Secretary of the Harrow Christian Council of Women. M. P. M. VAULK, M.A. (1940), who was Mathematics Mistress at the Convent of the Sacred Heart, Brighton, was appointed Assistant Mathematics Mistress at the High School for Girls, Norwich. MRS. VINT (B. E. Jowers 1920), B.A., has returned from Singapore and joined her husband in Manchester, where he was sent immediately on his return. They are living in an hotel in Manchester, though she is at the Clinic, Buxton, after an acute attack of rheumatic fever in April. E. M. WALLACE, M.A. (1908), writes 'After nearly ten years I have just been to England on furlough and, of course, found a good many changes. What struck me most was the noise, the crowds, and the class-feeling, though I myself met with a great deal of wonderful kindness and courtesy. I noticed how very independent the small children are and, often, how undisciplined. But England is still England and I have brought back many lovely memories



and experiences, stored away in my mind for enjoyment during this next spell in the wilds of the Transkei. Here, too, we are facing great problems, financial, especially under our new Government, and in dealing with people who are becoming more and more race-conscious.' H. M. WALLIS, B.A. (1945), who was awarded the Herbertson Memorial Prize, 1948, and the Royal Geographical Society's University Essay Prize, is reading for a B.Litt. at Oxford. B. J. WATCYN-WILLIAMS, B.A. (1946), was appointed History Tutor at Wynyard Hall Training College, Stockton-on-Tees. M. G. WATKINS, M.A. (1924), at present Headmistress of Erdington Grammar School, was appointed Headmistress of Bedford High School from May 1949. D. L. WERNER, B.A. (1944), was a Research Assistant in International Affairs at the London School of Economics in 1947. G. H. WESTON, B.A. (1943), was appointed an Assistant Mistress at the Clarendon School, Abergele, N. Wales, from September. MRS. WESTON (J. M. Gamon 1941), B.A., was married in August and went in September with her husband to Fiji, where he is in the Colonial Service. At present they are living in Suva, the capital town of Fiji. M. T. WHITCOMBE, B.A. (1945), is doing a secretarial training in Oxford. G. M. B. WILLIAMS, M.A. (1924), was Vice-President of the Association of Assistant Mistresses, and is President-Elect for 1949. She is a member of the English Panel of the Secondary Schools Examinations Council. A. A. M. WILSON, M.A. (1933), was appointed Principal of Princess Alice College (for Child Care Workers), Sutton Coldfield, in 1946. The college is the first of its kind and was founded as a result of the Curtis Report. SULAMMITH WOLFF, B.M., B.CH. (1942), was House Surgeon to the Medical Research Council, Burns Unit, at Birmingham, and then locum House Surgeon to St. Mary Islington Hospital, Highgate, in 1948. From January 1949 she will be House Physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford. E. M. WOOD (1937) was appointed Temporary Principal, Board of Trade, from October 1947. P. E. C. WOOD, B.A. (1943), has been a document translator and reviewer with the office of the Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, Nuremberg, since 1947. M. L. WOODWARD, B.A. (1941), was a Lecturer in Geography at Wellesley College, Mass., U.S A., in 1947. She is now Research Assistant to Professor Ackerman, working on the natural resources of Europe, and she is finishing her Ph.D. thesis. R. E. WOOLF, B.A. (1943), was appointed Assistant Lecturer in the Department of English, at University College, Hull, from October. E. M. WRIGHT, B.A. (1941), was Assistant Language Mistress at St. George's School, Ascot, till July 1948. During the autumn she helped for a few weeks at Hildenborough Hall, Christian Conference Centre for Young People. She hopes to go to the William Temple College in 1949 if she be accepted. MRS. WRIGHT (H. J. Crump 1919), B.A., is doing research into the educational work of the Hill family at Hilltop, Hazlewood and Bruce Castle Schools— `any information relating to these schools would be welcomed'. She is a temporary Assistant Lecturer at the Training Centre, Jordanhill. MRS. WRINCH (B. E. I. Buckler 1929), M.A., says she is now completely domesticated and her only public work is membership of the Council of the Girls' Public Day School Trust. 37

M. Wilde 1926), B.A., who was a permanent official (Trade Boards Inspector) in the Ministry of Labour before she was compelled, by the marriage bar, to resign on marriage in 1936, has been selected for establishment again now the marriage bar has been abolished. She has been employed as a temporary officer on the same work (now called Wages Inspection) in the Ministry of Labour and National Service since 1941. T. E. ZAIMAN (1945) is a medical student at Westminster Hospital.