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LIGHT & SHADOW SPACE


All material in nature, the mountains and the streams and the air and we, are made of Light which has been spent, and this crumpled mass called material casts a shadow, and the shadow belongs to Light.

Louis Kahn


CLAIMS..................................................................................1 PARAMETERS & STRATEGIES...................................................11 DIAGRAMS.....................................................................................................12 SURFACE - STRUCTURE RELATIONSHIPS..........................................................15 LOUIS KAHN INSPIRED DRAWINGS..................................................................27 SURFACE-STRUCTURE <--> LIGHT-SHADOW TRANSLATIONS.............................37

AIMS......................................................................................49 SOURCES...............................................................................63


Light. It it what allows us to see the world around us and understand physical beauty with one of our senses: sight. Light can be manipulated and controlled in many different ways to achieve certain effects we wish to express whether it be to evoke certain emotions, actions or functionalities. 2


Too often, light is taken for granted in developed countries today because of the use of electricity and artificial lighting. 3


Light is such a gift that allows us to see things around us and begin to tell the passage of time as the sky slowly brightens and dims at the beginning and end of each day.Now, you can be in an artificially lit space all day and have absolutely no idea how much time has passed without a watch or clock. 4


Shadows, which I consider the antagonist of light is often disregarded and is the darkness that light must defeat. But without shadows, there is no depth and dimension. Objects are defined by the light that is caught by them and the shadows that they cast. Shadows used to be how we told time; the shadow that was cast onto a suface by a vertical element. It is something that can constantly move and does not remain static contributing to the definitions of time, age, and locations.

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â&#x20AC;&#x153;Greek architecture taught me that the column is where the light is not, and the space between is where the light is. It is a matter of no-light, light, no-light, light. A column and a column brings light between them. To make a column which grows out of the wall and which makes its own rhythm of no-light, light, no-light: that is the marvel of the artist.â&#x20AC;?

Louis Kahn

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Structure is the giver of light. 7


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In terms of architecture, how can the importance of light and shadow be explored? I am redefining the definitions of light and shadow through structure and surface. Structure is the creator of shadow and surface is the receiver of light and shadow. How can structure and surface be manipulated to regain the properties of light and shadow that tells time and place which has been lost in the midst of technology and artificial lighting? How can the different relationships between structure and surface be utilized to experiment with light and shadow to play around with an architecture that may be defined through the passage of time and place?

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1 Photgraphy

2

3

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5 Light/Shadow Diagram

The area of research is precedent research on Louis Kahn and architects that have an interest in light and shadow such as Tadao Ando. After defining the different relationships between structure and surface, their properties are defined and analyzed through photography by Iwaan Baan. These photographs are the basis of initial structure and surface analysis. Further investigation is made from certain Louis Kahn drawings to develop a language to abstractly describe light and shadow through structure and surface. An attempt was made to start from the photograph and develop it into an abstract Louis Kahn inspired diagram as well in the other direction; from the abstract drawing to what could be a building. 12


SURFACE WRAPS STRUCTURE

SURFACE RESPONDS TO STRUCTURE

SURFACE DRAPE STRUCTURE

STRUCTURE WRAPS SURFACE

SURFACE = STRUCTURE

STRUCTURE DRAPE SURFACE

STRUCTURE RESPONDS TO SURFACE

STRUCTURE TAUT ON SURFACE

SURFACE TAUT ON STRUCTURE

SURFACE =/= STRUCTURE

SURFACE STRUCTURE RELATIONSHIPS STRUCTURE: CREATER OF SHADOW SUPPORTS, PROTECTS, OUTLINES

SURFACE: RECEIVER OF LIGHT CATCHES, PROTECTS, FILLS-IN

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STRUCTURE TAUT ON STRUCTURE

TIGHT

SURFACE INTERSECTING STRUCTURE STRUCTURE MOLDING STRUCTURE

SURFACE TAUT ON SURFACE

STRUCTURE INTERSECTING SURFACE SURFACE MOLDING SURFACE

STRUCTURE INTERSECTING STRUCTURE

STRUCTURE MOLDING SURFACE

STRUCTURE TAUT ON SURFACE

SURFACE TAUT ON STRUCTURE

SURFACE INTERSECTING SURFACE

SURFACE MOLDING STRUCTURE SURFACE = STRUCTURE SURFACE =/= STRUCTURE SURFACE WRAPS SURFACE

STRUCTURE WRAPS STRUCTURE WRAPS SURFACE STRUCTURE

SURFACE WRAPS STRUCTURE

STRUCTURE DRAPE STRUCTURE DRAPE SURFACE DRAPE STRUCTURE SURFACE STRUCTURE

SURFACE DRAPE SURFACE

LOOSE

NO INFLUECE

INFLUENCE OF SECONDARY ON PRIMARY

HIGH INFLUENCE


SURFACE WRAP STRUCTURE 15

SALK INSTITUTE LOUIS KAHN

OKURAYAMA APARTMENTS SANNA

SILVER HUT TOYO ITO


SURFACE DRAPE STRUCTURE 16

HEYDAR ALIYEV CENTER ZAHA HADID

RIVERSIDE MUSEUM ZAHA HADID

HEYDAR ALIYEV CENTER ZAHA HADID


SURFACE TAUT ON STRUCTURE 17

CASA DA MUSICA OMA

STEEL HUT TOYO ITO

DEYOUNG MUSEUM HERZOG & DE MEURON


SURFACE WRAP SURFACE 18

BASEL MESSE HERZOG & DE MEURON

COOPER UNION MORPHOSIS

OOSTEN STEVEN HOLL


SURFACE = STRUCTURE 19

ORQUIDEANUM JPRCR & PLAN B

SUMIKA PROJECT TOYO ITO

GUANGZHOU OPERA HOUSE ZAHA HADID


SURFACE =/= STRUCTURE 20

DIGITAL BEIJING PEI ZHOU

LEEUM MUSEUM OMA

CASA DA MUSICA OMA


STRUCTURE WRAP SURFACE 21

CARVER APARTMENTS MMA

GALAXY SOHO ZAHA HADID


STRUCTURE DRAPE SURACE 22

THE SHANGHAI GIANT GROUP MORPHOSIS

CCTV OMA

RIVERSIDE ZAHA HADID


STRUCTURE TAUT ON SURFACE 23

SILVER HUT TOYO ITO

TAMA ART UNIVERSITY LIBRARY TOYO ITO

SERPENTINE GALLERY PAVILLION 2007


STRUCTURE WRAP STRUCTURE 24

ART GALLERY OF ONTARIO FRANK GEHRY

CMA HEADQUARTERS ZAHA HADID

DEE + CHARLES WYLY THEATER REX + OMA


STRUCTURE DRAPE STRUCTURE 25

SF FEDERAL BUILDING MORPHOSIS

COOPER UNION MORPHOSIS

CMA HEADQUARTERS ZAHA HADID


STRUCTURE TAUT ON STRUCTURE 26

YAOKO KAWAGAE MUSEUM TAMA ART UNIVERSITY LIBRARY TOYO ITO TOYO ITO

SILVER HUT TOYO ITO


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29


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37

DIGITAL BEIJING PEI ZHOU

LEEUM MUSEUM OMA

CASA DA MUSICA OMA

BASEL MESSE HERZOG & DE MEURON

COOPER UNION MORPHOSIS

OOSTEN STEVEN HOLL


38

ORQUIDEANUM JPRCR & PLAN B

SUMIKA PROJECT TOYO ITO

GUANGZHOU OPERA HOUSE ZAHA HADID

CASA DA MUSICA OMA

STEEL HUT TOYO ITO

DEYOUNG MUSEUM HERZOG & DE MEURON


39

ART GALLERY OF ONTARIO FRANK GEHRY

CMA HEADQUARTERS ZAHA HADID

DEE + CHARLES WYLY THEATER REX + OMA

SILVER HUT TOYO ITO

TAMA ART UNIVERSITY LIBRARY TOYO ITO

SERPENTINE GALLERY PAVILLION 2007


40

SALK INSTITUTE LOUIS KAHN

OKURAYAMA APARTMENTS SANNA

SILVER HUT TOYO ITO

HEYDAR ALIYEV CENTER ZAHA HADID

RIVERSIDE MUSEUM ZAHA HADID

HEYDAR ALIYEV CENTER ZAHA HADID


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42


43


44


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DIGITAL BEIJING PEI ZHOU

LEEUM MUSEUM OMA

CASA DA MUSICA OMA

BASEL MESSE HERZOG & DE MEURON

COOPER UNION MORPHOSIS

OOSTEN STEVEN HOLL


46

ART GALLERY OF ONTARIO FRANK GEHRY

CMA HEADQUARTERS ZAHA HADID

DEE + CHARLES WYLY THEATER REX + OMA

SILVER HUT TOYO ITO

TAMA ART UNIVERSITY LIBRARY TOYO ITO

SERPENTINE GALLERY PAVILLION 2007


47

ORQUIDEANUM JPRCR & PLAN B

SUMIKA PROJECT TOYO ITO

GUANGZHOU OPERA HOUSE ZAHA HADID

CASA DA MUSICA OMA

STEEL HUT TOYO ITO

DEYOUNG MUSEUM HERZOG & DE MEURON


48

SALK INSTITUTE LOUIS KAHN

OKURAYAMA APARTMENTS SANNA

SILVER HUT TOYO ITO

HEYDAR ALIYEV CENTER ZAHA HADID

RIVERSIDE MUSEUM ZAHA HADID

HEYDAR ALIYEV CENTER ZAHA HADID


sI im


I imagine the result of this thesis to be a design of a space that celebrates time and place and shadows through light and shadow using structure and surface as the building blocks of design. Such a place is imagined to be perhaps any sort of waiting space or waiting area where we often lose a sense of time and place through long periods of waiting or transitions. I hope the output will be models and image time lapses.

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Waiting Spaces: Salon Theater Medical Offices Bus terminals Airports DMV

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Airport as Non-place Airport is known to be a place of transition. It is a place that is repeated all over the world and does not exist as an individual place.It is a place where people go to leave, not a place of destination. Time can pass in this space of waiting without being very aware of the fact of how much time has passed. There is also no real program for waiting even though waiting is the entire performance of being at an airport. How can we understand waiting and the spaces designed for waiting.

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sI im

Drew, P. (1996). <i>Church on the Water, Church of the Light: Tadao Ando</i>. London: Phaidon. Kahn, L., & Johnson, N. (1975). <i>Light is the theme: Louis I. Kahn and the Kimbell Art Museum : Comments on architecture</i>. Fort Worth, Tex.: Kimbell Art Foundation. Kahn, L. (2013). <i>Silence and Light</i>. Zurich: Park Books. Lobell, J., & Kahn, L. (1979). <i>Between silence and light: Spirit in the architecture of Louis I. Kahn</i>. Boulder: Shambhala :. Michel, L. (1996). <i>Light: The shape of space : Designing with space and light</ i>. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Light & Shadow Architecture  

5th Year Thesis Project

Light & Shadow Architecture  

5th Year Thesis Project

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