“IT OPENED UP AN ENTIRELY NEW WORLD.
She left the hanging question, how much do we really know about these battles if the original maps are so far off?”
b gives his a l R to D ry A a LE
- Dr. Thomas Summerhill, Associate History Professor
lens tal gi di PAGE 4 GRAPHICS BY ALEXEA HANKIN
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F E AT U R E S
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MSU vs. OSU: By the numbers
One year after Trump’s election
City voters also elected Ruth Beier and Aaron Stephens to City Council.
With one team coming off a huge win and another a huge loss, who will control the Big Ten East?
MSU students reflect on President Donald Trump’s campaign and administration.
T HU R S DAY, N OVE MB E R 9, 2 017
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Riley Murdock City editor email@example.com
The history of LGBT rights at MSU BY NADAV PAIS-GREENAPPLE NPAISGREENAPPLE@STATENEWS.COM
Discovering one’s identity as part of the LGBT community can be difficult. Those who fall under the rainbow’s umbrella of people identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and more face societal prejudice, media erasure and dangerous hate. For many students who come to MSU and begin the process of finding their identity, one unsung difficulty of finding one’s place in the LGBT community is that they have no prior experience with the community or knowledge of it. “There’s a particular need for people who are marginalized by their sexuality to make connections with other people,” MSU LBGT Resource Center Director Dee Hurlbert said. Unlike other minority communities such as race, ethnicity and religion, it’s rare for young LGBT people to grow up in a situation where they are exposed to any kind of real, physical community, Hurlbert explained. “Developmentally, being an LGBT person, it’s very unusual to have queer parents or to be raised in an environment where you have real intimate mentorship and identity development,” Hurlbert said. “And for folks who have a sexual identity that they’re marginalized by, that often really becomes more clear in adolescence.” Many young LGBT people find a community on social networks such as Tumblr, but because of the young demographics in these virtual spaces, there is often a lack of historical context for the issues that those identifying as LGBT face. For students at MSU who are now discovering their identities or need of some of that context, MSU’s LGBT community has a deep history.
LGBT history is anchored by two important and highly impactful events: the Stonewall Riots of June 1969 and the AIDS crisis, which began in 1981. Before Stonewall, LGBT history on campus went largely unrecorded. It was an intolerant time. Gay people were simply not safe if they were publicly visible. According to “History of the Gay and Lesbian Experience at Michigan State University,” a 22-page report by an indi-
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vidual named April Allison, circa 1992, there were no student groups, there was little to no tolerance, and little community. Allison interviewed a 1930s graduate named David, who remembered hearing that a popular professor on campus was abruptly fired, likely because of his sexual orientation. “Most of what’s recorded pre-Stonewall are things that are alluded to that happened on campus that are a little on the darker side,” Hurlbert said. “Things like police sting operations for men cruising in restrooms. There are older queer scholars and faculty who were certainly on campus in the ‘50s and ‘60s, but weren’t necessarily identifiable and out.” In the 1950s, paranoia during the McCarthy era led to LGBT people around the country and at MSU facing hate and exclusion. Allison references an interview with 1950’s graduate Joe, who was forced by campus police to take a lie detector test. Under interrogation, he was forced to name other men on campus he believed to be gay. After the interrogation, he was expelled from the ROTC program. He was allowed to graduate, but the dean made him promise to never set foot on campus again.
The Stonewall Riots began on June 28, 1969, when police raided a gay bar in New York City’s Greenwich Village called the Stonewall Inn. The patrons revolted, and the riot that ensued served as a rallying cry for other LGBT people around the country. “Around Stonewall, there were students on campus who very shortly thereafter started organizing here,” Hurlbert said. According to Hurlbert, those students created what ended up being MSU’s first formally recognized LGBT student organization: the Gay Liberation Movement. The GLM registered as an official student organization on April 27, 1970, becoming the third official student organization for gay students in the Big Ten, after the University of Minnesota and the University of Illinois. Its charter stated the group’s purpose: “To work toward greater understanding and acceptance of the homosexual in modern society through educational research and publication; to provide legal, political, and social resources for the betterment of the homosexual community.” Over the next few years, the GLM fought for LGBT rights at MSU and in East Lansing. On March 7, 1972, after pressure from the GLM, East Lansing became the first municipality in the country to pass a law protecting gay and lesbian people from being fired from their jobs because of their sexual orientation. To this day, the state of Michigan has not enacted similar protections. In 1977, the GLM successfully pushed MSU to include gays and lesbians in its anti-discrimination policy. However, gay liberation itself remained a controversial issue on campus, and that same year former ASMSU Student Board President Kent Barry attempted to eliminate ASMSU’s Gay Council from its code of operations. According to Allison’s history, his proposal was voted down 8-1.
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Supporters of the Alliance of Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, Transgendered and Straight Ally Students hold a banner with the letters “ALBGTS” during a Pride Week event, circa 1995. PHOTO COURTESY: MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES & HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS
The AIDS crisis
AIDS, an autoimmune disorder caused by the virus HIV, was first documented in the U.S. among gay men in Los Angeles in 1981. Soon, the virus had spread, and by 1994 it became the leading cause of death for all Americans aged 25 to 44. In the early days of the epidemic, AIDS was a mysterious, terrifying illness. “It was an era when people would just disappear if they found out they were infected,” Hurlbert said. “And in the early onset of the epidemic, they just got desperately sick and went to the hospital and died.” The disease led to a harsher stigma against gay men and increased violence. “It had always been violent because of systemic violence and interpersonal violence, but the AIDS epidemic made it that much worse,” Hurlbert said. “There was heightened fear, there was heightened baiting and isolation. It was a major historical period of time which, because people were dying and so visibly sick, lots of people were outed by their illness.” At MSU, the late 1980s were marked by an increase in homophobic violence. In May 1987, The State News published an editorial supporting rights for gays and lesbians. Citing a report on anti-gay violence by the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, the editorial board said, “While these numbers may reflect an increase in reports rather than attacks, abuse against gays and lesbians has risen due to increased paranoia of AIDS and old stereotypes.” On November 3, 1988, Gay Council member Arye Mosher was assaulted in his dorm room at Hubbard Hall by an unknown assailant wielding a piece of broken glass. The assailant told Mosher to stop writing to The State News about gay issues. During Pride Week in 1989, the bridge at Wells Hall was covered in chalk messages calling for “death to gays” and “AIDS to all fags.” Gay Council member Jerry Mattioli returned to his room in West Holden hall a few nights later to find that his room had been, according to Allison’s history, “gutted by fire.” It was allegedly set by the same people who had chalked the bridge.
The 90s to now
The 1990s represented a new period of increased visibility and acceptance for gays and lesbians on campus. In 1991, The State News writer Meredith Petran reported on the establishment of a new fraternity with openly gay membership: Sigma Lambda Phi.
“Sigma Lambda Phi will provide gay and heterosexual men a social organization where they can feel comfortable with their sexuality and enjoy the advantages of a fraternal organization,” Petran reported. In 1992, a Lesbian and Gay Studies course was offered at MSU for the first time. Hurlbert was a student at MSU from 1990 to 1994, and was involved in the organization that had originally been the Gay Liberation Movement, then called the Alliance of Gay-Bi-Lesbian Students. “We had a huge wave of suicides, and the number of people coming to our coming out groups and calling our hotline was really overwhelming,” Hurlbert said. At the time, the university had no staff members devoted to the unique needs of LGBT students — let alone an entire resource center. “Students were really suffering, and we were exhausted,” Hurlbert said. Some students even quit school to help their peers full-time. The AGBLS pressured the university, and in 1995 Brent Bilodeau was hired as a dedicated staff member to help LGBT students. In 2006, the LBGT Resource Center was established in a physical space, and it moved to its current location on the third floor of the Student Services Building in 2010. In 2009, MSU introduced a flexible housing policy, allowing transgender and gender nonconforming students to choose from which they are comfortable.
The importance of history
Hurlbert explained that without the context of history, the rights that LGBT people have now could be taken for granted. “I think it’s important for folks to understand that the rights that they have at this point in time, their lived experience, didn’t happen magically,” Hurlbert said. “We have folks now who are coming of age in an era where, by the time they reach the age to become married, they’ve always known that to be an option,” Hurlbert said. She explained a first-year student at MSU now comes to a college with an LGBT studies program, options for preferred housing, preferred names and preferred gender on documentation, gender and sexuality protections enshrined in its anti-discrimination policy and a course catalog in which LGBT content is, simply, a non-issue. “But what the students don’t know is ten years ago, that wasn’t true,” Hurlbert says. “And that didn’t come from nowhere. And it is not to be taken for granted.”
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O N T H E DAY
March 7, 1972 E.L. becomes the first municipality in the country to pass antidiscrimination laws for LGBT workers See page 2
“We’re still going to face challenges with this program, this new implementation, until they have a permanent director.”
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Lorenzo Santavicca ASMSU President on the search for a new CAPS leader See page 7
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RELIGIOUS LEADR brings DIRECTORY Stay up to date at: www.statenews.com/religious
Chabad House of MSU 540 Elizabeth St. East Lansing, MI 48823 (517) 214-0525 Prayer Services: Friday night services followed by traditional Shabbat dinner @ Chabad. www.chabadmsu.com Eastminster Presbyterian Church 1315 Abbot Rd. East Lansing, MI 48823 Phone: (517) 337-0893 Classes for All Ages: 9:30 a.m. Sunday Worship: 10:30 a.m. Website: www.eastminsterchurch.org Greater Lansing Church of Christ 310 N. Hagadorn Rd. East Lansing, MI 48823 (Meet @ University Christian Church) (517) 898-3600 Sunday: 8:45am Worship, 10am Bible Class Wednesday: 1pm, Small group bible study Students call for rides. www.greaterlansingcoc.org
Hillel Jewish Student Center 360 Charles St. East Lansing, MI 48823 (517) 332-1916 Services: Friday night 6pm, dinner @ 7, Sept.- April. www.msuhillel.org Martin Luther Chapel 444 Abbot Rd. East Lansing, MI 48823 (517) 332-0778 Sunday: 9:30am & 7pm Wednesday: 9pm Mini-bus pick-up on campus (Fall/Spring) www.martinlutherchapel.org River Terrace Church 1509 River Terrace Dr. East Lansing, MI 48823 (517) 351-9059 Service Times: Sundays, 9am & 11:15am www.riverterrace.org
St. John Catholic Church and Student Center 327 M.A.C Ave. East Lansing MI, 48823 (517) 337-9778 Sundays: 8am, 10am, Noon, 5pm, 7pm M,W,F: 12:15pm T & Th: 9:15pm www.stjohnmsu.org University United Methodist Church & MSU Wesley 1120 S. Harrison Rd. East Lansing, MI 48823 (517) 351-7030 Sundays: 10:30am Thursdays: 8:00pm Sept.- April www.universitychurchhome.org WELS Lutheran Campus Ministry 704 Abbot Rd. East Lansing, MI 48823 (517) 580-3744 Saturday: 6:30pm www.msu.edu/~welsluth
Riverview ChurchMSU Venue MSU Union Ballroom, 2nd Floor 49 Abbot Rd. East Lansing, MI 48824 (517) 694-3400 Worship Times: Sundays 6:30pm, Fall/Spring semesters www.rivchurch.com
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“History as a
profession is very, very tied to print. Doctoral student Brian Geyer explains part of his project on Nov. 3 in Old Horticulture Hall. PHOTO: MATT SCHMUCKER BY MILA MURRAY MMURRAY@STATENEWS.COM
One of associate history professor Thomas Summerhill’s students discovered Civil War maps studied by scholars for years were radically off. She found this while this using modern GPS and historical maps to reconstruct Civil War battlefields as a part of a research project. Digitizing maps noted the inaccurate portrayals of the battles recorded in history. “It opened up an entirely new world,” Summerhill said. “She left the hanging question, how much do we really know about these battles if the original maps are so far off?” Another student reconstructed the 1880 Republican National Convention using a series of tweets for a history project. After researching documents of the historical event, he used software and familiarity with the topic to accurately capture the convention on an entertaining, modern-day social media platform. Summerhill calls this “rethinking old wisdom.” The modernized form of research within history and anthropology studies is done in the Lab for the Education and Advancement of Digital Research, better known as LEADR. A new facility located in Old Horticulture Hall, LEADR is changing the way social sciences and humanities is traditionally researched, turning text-heavy publications into documentaries and podcasts and photographs and diagrams into 3-D models or interactive maps. Basically, the program veers away from traditional historical and anthropological research and switches to modern, digital, innovative platforms. “History as a profession is very, very tied to print,” Summerhill said. “It’s tied to formal articles, books, a very rigid publication system. ... But for most students that is an impenetrable world and their alternative to doing quality research online is something like Wikipedia. So there’s not much interpretation, not much of the necessary original research to play around with, rethinking old ideas and events.” As the only physical space for research in the digital humanities in MSU, LEADR was built for and is used by the history and anthropology departments. “In our department, in some ways we’re a little bit ahead of other social science and humanities fields in the sense that we’re emphasizing it and we’ve invested in it,” Summerhill said.
Three years ago, Brandon Locke was appointed 4
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It’s tied to formal articles, books, a very rigid publication system. ...But for most students that is an impenetrable world and their alternative to doing quality research online is something like Wikipedia. So there’s not much interpretation, not much of the necessary original research to play around with, rethinking old ideas and events.” THOMAS SUMMERHILL, ASSOCIATE HISTORY PROFESSOR
the program’s first director. As digital humanities became a growing subcategory of work for people in history, English, literature and media studies, academics needed a space dedicated to their research. The team behind LEADR received funding help from Matrix — the center for digital humanities and social science at MSU, which are grants provided by private donors interested in digital pedagogy — and support from the provost. “It’s not just a paper that is read by the student and the professor and then is thrown in the trash, but they’re projects that contribute to ongoing discussions about history, culture and heritage,” Locke said. The lab’s tools vary across all digital media: desktop computers equipped with multiple programs, laptop computers, camcorders, DSLRs, 3D headsets, smartphones to test mobile sites, a small library of books, 3-D printers and augmented reality technology. “It’s given me the ability to be digitally literate,” anthropology senior Hannah Trevino, who has used the lab for five classes, said. “In one of my classes I learned how to code, which allowed me to maybe not do it proficiently in my own setting, but I can at least speak the language.” Trevino didn’t know how to utilize technology tools before her class — few have prior experience with resources before the lab, according to Locke. From learning to use digital tools, more job opportunities open up. Locke said a student who TH U R S DAY, N OV E M B E R 9, 2 01 7
McKenna Ross Managing editor firstname.lastname@example.org
history to forefront using tech created interactive timelines through LEADR was recruited for an internship. “Students can come to us with any level of skills, or lack thereof, and we really try to meet them where they are and figure out what methods would be best for their project, whether that’s a class project or a personal project,” Assistant Director of LEADR Alice Lynn McMichael said. “We try to talk to them and figure out, ‘What do you know’, ‘What do you need to know’ and ‘How do we help you meet that.’” Students also work in lab groups — another difference from traditional historical and anthropological research. “We have much more collaboration in history than people see from the outside,” Summerhill said. “It’s hard to practice it in any other way than sitting together in a lab and actually looking at each other’s work and helping build and create it and having that real time critique, comment, suggestions, idea sessions.” According to Summerhill, LEADR was established early compared to other history departments across the country. “History is very locked into an older system of scholarship, especially at my level as a faculty member, which revolves very much around traditional publication in journals and with university presses for books,” Summerhill said. “That means that the standards in the way we evaluate digital research has not solidified yet and that means MSU can be a part of establishing what those standards are, and I love that.”
Locke and McMichael, as director and assistant director, take care of curriculum development, teaching and research. Part of the bigger digital humanities movement is to engage in different kinds of research, text mining, computational image analysis, sound analysis and large data bases to present research and tell stories. “I like the cultural part of it and understanding other people’s stories,” anthropology senior Monica Williamson said. “Appropriate representation is really important especially with native communities. Being able to put it on a digital platform makes it accessibly to anyone, the community and people who are unfamiliar with the indigenous knowledge.” Williamson uses LEADR through her internship at Indigistory, a film group through the Native American Institute. The group specializes in digitally archiving native storytelling. She works alongside communities to create videos, recording footage and teaching them how to use online systems to have control over their own stories. Williamson said she enjoys interacting with communities through modern research. “We had to conduct our own ethnographic research,” Williamson said. “I interviewed faculty, students and community involved with the American Indian and Indigenous Studies program at MSU. My project was titled the Powerful Presence of American Indian and Indigenous Knowledge ... there is actually so much native history even though it’s not necessarily well represented through MSU’s history.” Trevino tells stories digitally using different methods. She made a site report of Egyptian archeology using code, Google Maps and Omeka, an online museum exhibit. Trevino sees other students share their work on social media where audience can share and spread the research. With LEADR, outside groups and departments reach out more frequently to utilize the online
aspect. According to McMichael, a lot of people were interested in LEADR’s Malcolm’s Lansing Project from fall 2015, which mapped Malcolm X’s role in the city. “That has certainly had a lot of resonance with people here and elsewhere,” McMichael said. “We have a lot of classes and students do work on Detroit, and that has a lot of local resonance with their families and wider communities.” A lot of the work LEADR does is more community-based, and that’s where Locke sees digital storytelling becoming influential in impacting society. In a class he is currently teaching, they’re documenting the lives and family histories of the Latinx community in Lansing. “Those community-based archives are changing the atmosphere of who gets included in stories, it’s not just the senators and the mayors that leave behind paper collections, it’s the everyday experiences of people,” Locke said.
Though this digital approach to research is innovative, Summerhill believes its portrayal is essential. “We run the risk in the digital world of just seeing history as simple information because of the presence of Wikipedia,” Summerhill said. “But there’s nothing interpretive about simple facts, human beings always interpret and rethink the past and get new lessons out of the past.” LEADR aims to take well-researched information and use it to help people navigate the world. With computers and phones becoming more accessible, this digital way of documenting could change history. “The more of a footprint
that history can have in the digital world and the higher the quality of the research and interpretation, the more people will feel like they can use history in their everyday lives,” Summerhill said. To the students, projects relating to media trends and global issues help develop their arguments and stances in their research.
“Something like that, where it’s engaging day to day news,” Trevino said. “It’s stuff like that that’s going to have a good effect on society.” LEADR is not the only center of digital humanities on campus. This upcoming spring, the library will be opening a research space called the Digital Scholarship Lab. But for now, LEADR is a physical space for students. The growing number of interest in this kind of research is seen as a good thing. “The more conversant students are in the digital space the more effective what we’re trying to do over here in LEADR will be,” Summerhill said. Though this digital space is taking over, traditional means of research still have an appeal to students and faculty and will continue to be utilized, McMichael said. “I love to do the traditional methods,” McMichael said. “I’m an art historian, I look at a lot of objects, I look at monuments. But I’m also really happy that I can build on that and apply more methods and to think about this material in new ways.” LEADR is not completely veering history and anthropological studies from what they used to be, it’s simply adding another necessary dimension to what historical and anthropological studies have always stood for. “It makes it much more fun and engaging,” Summerhill said. “My students, especially my history majors, but not exclusively so, do not want to lose touch with the analog world either. They’re interested in history because they want to read old papers, they want to go in and look at old letters and decipher the writing and learn about people’s lives at that time. They don’t want to do everything in the digital space. But they really like the fact that they could share what they learned so effectively with people in the digital space. I love this about my students because they have their feet in both worlds, and they want both world to continue to exist and LEADR gives opportunity to achieve that.”
>> CHANGING RESEARCH Research in the social sciences and humanities used to consist of individual research studies, papers and publications in scholarly journals and textbooks. Now, students are rethinking and reconstructing these methods with a digital focus. >> CHANGING STORYTELLING History was once commonly focused around stories about notable figures that made changes on a global scale. Now, historical and anthropological research aims to rethink and reshape history by telling everyone’s story in the form of community-based archives. >> MODERNIZING HISTORY Traditional research within history and anthropology once consisted of outdated practices. Now, it’s a hybrid of old and new. Students hold onto old wisdom, yet still work to rethink and recreate it into today’s modern world.
GRAPHICS BY ALEXEA HANKIN AND DAENA FAUSTINO
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Photos by Sylvia Jarrus
SPARTAN WRESTLING STARTS
Redshirt freshman 157-pounder Jake Tucker wrestles with Arizona State’s redshirt sophomore Josh Shields during the Michigan State Open on Nov. 5 at Jenison Fieldhouse. Tucker won the match 5-3. (TOP LEFT) Freshman 157-pounder Nathan Atienza pins down Notre Dame 157-pound freshman Trenten Scott during the Michigan State Open on Nov. 5 at Jenison Fieldhouse. Atienza secured a 10-0 win.
(TOP RIGHT) Freshman 174- pounder Austen Malczewski watches Ashland University’s Tre Terry during the Michigan State Open on Nov. 5 at Jenison Fieldhouse. Malczewski won the match 8-6.
(BOTTOM LEFT) Redshirt sophomore 149-pounder Austin Thomas fights with Wisconsin redshirt senior Gabriel Grahek during the Michigan State Open on Nov. 5. Fourteen Spartans finished in the top six of their weight division.
(BOTTOM RIGHT) Redshirt junior 197pounder Matt Okaiye readies for Wisconsin redshirt sophomore 197pounder Mason Reinhardt during the Michigan State Open on Nov. 5 at Jenison Fieldhouse. 6
THE STATE NEWS
THURSDAY, NOVEMBE R 9, 2 01 7
Brigid Kennedy Campus editor email@example.com
CAPS still searching for director BY DEBBIE MISZAK DMISZAK@STATENEWS.COM
The new Counseling and Psychiatric Services, or CAPS, program provided by MSU is still in need of a permanent director. The services, which are located on the third floor of Olin Health Center, combine the former MSU counseling center and the Olin Psychiatry Clinic, according to the CAPS website. ASMSU and the Council of Graduate Students, or COGS, worked with the university to bring this program together. ASMSU President Lorenzo Santav icca described the previous layout of mental health services at MSU. “Historically ... that counseling was mostly social workers, and they were not prescribing medicine for health, psychiatrists do,” Santavicca said. “So what the new program here at Michigan State has done has brought the two together so that counseling and psychiatric services, CAPS, would be under the same roof.” Santavicca said he believes the primary reason
behind the difficulties of finding a permanent director of CAPS is because of the old counseling service’s reputation. “There’s a variety of factors that I think are the reason we don’t have a director in this position just yet,” Santavicca said. “This is largely because of the climate that’s surrounded Michigan State. I think this is the climate that surrounded the overall counseling services … I think this is ultimately the change that we’re seeing, and people are a little bit nervous about the direction is going.” Since CAPS’ birth, Dr. David Weismantel has served as the interim director of CAPS. Weismantel also is the interim executive director of student health and wellness. He commented on the status of the search for a permanent director via an email interview. “A search committee for the Inaugural Director of CAPS was convened in the spring of 2017 and continues under the leadership of Dr. Karen Klomparens,” Weismantel wrote. Santavicca commented on Weismantel’s job duties.
JANUARY 2014 COGS calls for integration of Graduate Student Life & Wellness, Olin Health Center and Student Services 2014
“What the interim director’s really doing is making sure the day to day operations are flowing, making sure things are happening, and recruiting people for the open positions,” Santavicca said. In spite of open positions that need to be filled, Wiesmantel said that CAPS does have plans to institute more resources for students. “In collaboration with REHS, we are currently embedding two masters-level counselors in the neighborhoods – one each in the south and east neighborhoods,” Weismantel wrote. “These counselors will be able to provide initial intake assessments, perform brief counseling, lead educational efforts, and collaborate with REHS in the promotion of a healthy living and learning environment.” Santavicca believes the program will still run into bumps until a permanent director is in place. “We are still struggling to see that there is permanent leadership in the position of director for CAPS, and really this is important for us as students to recognize because we’re still going
Search committee for Inaugural Director of CAPS is formed
to face challenges with this program, this new implementation, until they have a permanent director,” Santavicca said. Santavicca said finding a director would show that MSU’s atmosphere towards mental health issues is changing. “The new director really is critical for us to see somebody sitting in that position, actively recruiting people, telling people what this CAPS program is really about out here at Michigan State, and really giving directions about what we’re looking for on this campus,” Santavicca said. Santavicca also said that work needs to be done on campus in the mean time in order to convince qualified individuals to apply for this position. “There is someone who will confidently apply for the position of director, it’s really about the variety of factors people are reading about Michigan State or maybe have heard about Michigan State in the past,” Santavicca said. “We have to do something to symbolically show outside candidates that we are changing as an institution in the realm of behavioral health.”
AUGUST 2017 CAPS officially moves into the 3rd floor of Olin Health Center
Coalition for Mental Health Standards pushes for reformations to MSU’s mental health services
During 2017-18 school year, plans to add 8 new positions
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Riley Murdock City editor firstname.lastname@example.org
Community service cuts expected after voters reject E.L. tax proposal BY MARIE WEIDMAYER MWEIDMAYER@STATENEWS.COM
The income tax proposal failed in the Nov. 7 election and now the City of East Lansing has to find at least $3 million in revenue. “We have an informed electorate and they told us to cut so now we’re going to cut,” Councilmember Erik Altmann said. The proposed tax was supposed to generate around $5 million in revenue annually. Of that, unpaid city pensions were going to receive $3 million, while infrastructure and city operations would have received $1 million each. Only 25 percent of registered voters showed up to the polls, and of those people, 53 percent voted “no” on the income tax. Turnout off-campus was higher than City Clerk Marie Wicks expected, while on-campus turnout was surprisingly low. Since the income tax failed, the proposal to reduce property taxes will not be implemented because it would only work while there was an income tax. However, 63 percent of voters said “yes” to the property tax proposal. “There might have been a little confusion about that, I don’t know for sure,” Mayor Mark Meadows said. There could be a property tax increase on the ballot in May to help cut the deficit, but East Lansing already has the fifth highest property tax in the state, Meadows said. “That would seem like people committing suicide,” Meadows said. “I don’t think they really want us to go in that direction either.” Services provided by East Lansing will be cut
because there is no other option, re-elected Councilmember Ruth Beier said. “I think people voted in an informed way and told us they want us to cut services rather than raise taxes, so that’s what we’re going to have to do,” Beier said. Moving forward without the income tax means changes will come to the city, and those changes need to be discussed by the City Council, newly elected Councilmember Aaron Stephens said. “That’s a conversation we’ve got to have as a full council,” Stephens said. “We’ll be looking into different options in the future.” Partnerships with regional companies, along with MSU would be a good option moving forward, Stephens said.
City services facing cuts
At this point, no services are off the table to be cut, Altmann said. “I expect the fire station on campus is going to close,” Altmann said. “I expect the aquatic center is going to close. I expect the Hannah Community Center is going to have limited, if any hours. I expect to sell off a bunch of assets like the aquatic center, the soccer complex. I think we need to start selling off anything we can’t afford to keep working.” As winter approaches, Meadows said snow will still be cleared from streets because it is a responsibility the city has to keep residents safe. But, the chances are good that it will take longer to clear streets because the staff will probably be smaller, he said. “It takes people to actually provide services,” Meadows said. “We’ve cut 130 employees off
CAMPUS CENTER CINEMA NOW FEATURING
the payroll over the last decade already. We’re going to have to keep looking at that. That’s not the best way of proceeding, but it may be the only way for us to proceed. We don’t have a lot of options left.” Following that path forward means six police officers and seven firefighter positions could also be cut, per the Financial Health Review Team’s recommendations. Parking rates will increase, especially special event parking, Altmann said. “We need to get parking to pay for itself and the parking system’s close to being there but it’s not there yet,” Altmann said. The path forward is neither good nor bad, Altmann said, because this is what the majority of voters wanted. “I don’t agree with that, but I don’t really represent myself,” Beier said. “I represent all those people who voted ‘no’, so that’s what we’re going to have to do.” But a reduction in services is not good for the community, Meadows said. “There were a few flyers that said ‘don’t let them scare you,’ but we were just telling the truth,” Meadows said. “They should be scared. It’s going to require a reduction of services in the community.”
THE ELECTION BY THE NUMBERS only
25% OF EAST LANSING VOTERS SHOWED UP TO THE POLLS
of those voters,
53% VOTED “NO” TO THE PROPOSED INCOME TAX
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? Council member Erik Altmann said he expects the fire station on campus to close, limited hours at the Hannah Community Center and possibly selling community assets like the Family Aquatic Center and Soccer Complex - though council will have to make those decisions in the future.
Stephens, Beier voted to council BY MARIE WEIDMAYER MWEIDMAYER@STATENEWS.COM
November 9th-12th LA LA LAND Thurs: Wilson Aud, 9:00 PM
DOCTOR STRANGE Sat: Wilson Aud, 7:00 & 9:15 PM
Fri: Conrad Aud, Sun: Conrad Aud 7:00 & 9:15 PM 7:00 & 9:15 PM
Nov 16-19 8
Thurs: Conrad Aud, 8:30 PM
Sat: Conrad Aud, 7:00 & 9:10 PM
Fri: Wilson Aud, Sun: Wilson Aud, 7:00 & 9:10 PM 8:30 PM
Thurs: Conrad Aud, 7:00 & 9:00 PM Fri: 115 B Wells Hall, 7:00 & 9:00 PM Sun: WIlson Aud, 9:00 PM
Thurs: Wilson Aud, 7:15 & 9:00 PM Fri: 119 B Wells Hall, 7:15 & 9:10 PM
THE STATE NEWS
Sun: Conrad Aud, 8:30 PM
THURSDAY, NOVEM B E R 9, 2 01 7
Political science senior Aaron Stephens won a seat on the East Lansing City Council. He won the seat with 379 more votes than incumbent Susan Woods. “I think that we’ve hung a for sale sign on the city council,” Councilmember Erik Altmann AARON STEPHENS RUTH BEIER said, referencing the Greater Lansing Association of Realtors PAC, which Lansing City Council. Beier received 693 more votes than Woods spent almost $33,000 on campaigning for and received the most votes overall. Stephens. “To be honest I focused almost all my efforts Woods echoed Altmann’s statement, adding the fact that she only spent around $900 on her in this election on the income, so tonight, I’m actually disappointed,” Beier said. “I am campaign. looking forward to continuing to work for the Stephens denied the claims. “(I) knocked on thousands of doors, made next four years, but I’m not looking forward to thousands of calls and talked to thousands of the decisions we have to make in the next few months.” people,” Stephens said. Woods said she is disappointed to lose but is “We were a grassroots campaign from day one and the reason why we won was because we ready to move on. “It’s a disappointment and Aaron ran a very talked to the people and we were responsive to those people. I am proud to have been elected strong campaign,” Woods said. “The best and I will be proud to serve the City of East person won, I guess. I’ve got the (East Lansing) Film Festival in two days. ... I have a whole lot Lansing.” Incumbent Ruth Beier is reelected to the East of other things I can do with my life.”
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Wide receivers rise to occasion BY SOUICHI TERADA STERADA@STATENEWS.COM
The murmurs of the Spartan wideouts started innocent enough, though quietly. There were a number of solid performances from the group, including Darrell Stewart Jr. and Felton Davis III leading the way. And thus, heading into the game against Penn State, there was renewed confidence amongst a cast of young, inexperienced wide receivers. True freshman Cody White had back-to-back breakout games against Indiana and Northwestern, amassing 99 yards then exploding for 165 yards, respectively, against the Big Ten foes. The Novi, Michigan native quickly became a mainstay in Spartan fans’ hearts. He had another solid game facing the Nittany Lions after earning another start, credited with five receptions and 51 yards receiving. But still, quarterback Brian Lewerke had to find 400-plus yards passing to other targets through the past two games, spreading the ball to a myriad of available hands. And luckily for Lewerke, he knows his throws don’t have to be perfect. “Obviously, I don’t make a perfect throw every time,” Lewerke said. “But it’s nice knowing that they’ll go up and make a play no matter where the ball is and they’ve shown that on Saturday.” And that’s where the old guys come in to take a bulk of the receiving load. So as Lewerke found Stewart then Davis for his first two touchdowns against the Nittany Lions, the hype was reaching its tipping point. While head coach Mark Dantonio has stressed during the season to balance between the running and passing game, he did say the game dictates the situation. Though throwing the ball often does come with its own caveat. “As long as we don’t have a lot of interceptions, yeah, I would be comfortable, as long as we have a lot of completions,” Dantonio said. “But it’s normally not good, I don’t think, if you have to throw it that many times. But we were successful, we won the football game, so everybody’s happy.”
Both of Stewart’s and Davis’ grabs came on great catches, Stewart snatching the ball through the air for the first six points for MSU. Then after the long weather delay, Davis sprawled out his full 6-foot-4 frame for the diving catch to tie the contest up. The wideouts, too, became increasingly important as the running game never quite got going. MSU rushed for just 74 yards against Penn State. Lewerke — after throwing the ball 57 times against Northwestern — slinged the ball another 56 times that game, as well. “We’ll rotate guys in,” Dantonio said. “There will be other guys that have opportunities, as well, and really the bottom line is how you catch the ball and what you do and how is your blocking and different things.” Except, of course, it isn’t just that trio who have made an impact for the Spartans thus far. Another true freshman, Hunter Rison, had a pair of impressive receptions from Lewerke on back-to-back plays. One came on a bobble as the Ann Arbor Michigan native recovered for a 26-yard gain. The other, a reception right at the Penn State three-yard line, set up MSU’s third touchdown on the day. “I always say I prepare myself like a starter,” Rison said after the game. “We all do. When that opportunity presents itself I have to be ready for it. Regardless of the play, the situation, if its first quarter or fourth quarter, I’ve got to be ready for it.” And it’s been seemingly a different receiver every Saturday. After the game, Dantonio said there is no “go-to” receiver, whoever Lewerke is throwing the ball to has to catch it, in other words. As the effects of the wide receivers were magnified, they converted often when it mattered most. The Spartans were 10-for-18 on third down; the Nittany Lions were just 4-for12, for comparison. MSU now looks toward Ohio State in a matchup between two teams in the top-15. The winner of the game will control its destiny in the Big Ten East division and potentially beyond. “All of us are confident in each other and confident in ourselves that we can make plays when we need to,” Lewerke said.
Freshman wide receiver Cody White (7) brings in a pass during the game against Penn State, on Nov. 4 at Spartan Stadium. The Spartans defeated the Nittany Lions, 27-24. PHOTO: MATT SCHMUCKER
SOCCER RECAP Senior defender Brad Centala (8) takes a shot during the game against Ohio State, on Nov. 5 at DeMartin Stadium. The Spartans fell to the Buckeyes, 2-1, and were eliminated from the Big Ten Tournament. More at statenews.com
T H U RS DAY, NOV E MB E R 9, 2 01 7
@ T H E S N E WS
STATE N E WS .CO M
Sasha Zidar Features editor firstname.lastname@example.org
Photographer details ‘wall’ effect on surrounding area’s environment ACROSS
1 Green Angry Birds animals 5 Salon style 9 “Jabberwocky” opener 13 Les __-Unis 15 Eye layer 16 “For __ jolly ... “ 17 Name on a two-liter bottle (and what’s inside) 19 Double-crossers 20 Like microwavable meals 21 Valued caches 23 Independently owned suds producer (and the suds in question) 26 Parthenon goddess 29 “How cool!” 30 Length of most TV dramas 31 WWI battleship Graf __ 33 Kin by marriage 37 CIO partner 38 Where Starbucks began (and a product it popularized) 40 __ snail’s pace 41 Note above A 43 Snoop (around) 44 Blockage 45 Slangy “It’s cool” 47 Currently combusting
49 Pepperidge Farm treat (and its ideal companion) 53 Novelist Waugh 54 Scolds harshly 58 Jones with a locker 59 What’s clued in parentheses for each of four answers, and found in corresponding sets of puzzle circles 62 Don Juan’s mother 63 Just 64 __ protector 65 Give a darn 66 Horseshoes turn 67 Dijon dad
1 Cop’s quarry 2 “Like __ lump ... “ 3 Marvin of Motown 4 Speech therapist’s challenge 5 More virtuous 6 President Morales of Bolivia 7 DVR “back up” button 8 Chanted word 9 Add, as a shrimp to the barbie 10 Go this way and that 11 Autumn bloom 12 Flip
14 “‘And hast thou __ the Jabberwock?’” 18 Music box? 22 Deal with, as loose laces 24 “Almost there!” 25 Borscht veggies 26 Quaker captain of literature 27 Fashionable Brit 28 Ship frame 32 Freak out 34 2016 Best Picture nominee “__ Land” 35 All-inclusive 36 Salary 38 Like a path that’s cobbled together? 39 Allowed to get out 42 Examine in detail 44 Go from cloudy to fair 46 Wisecrack 48 Tweeters 49 Physician at the front 50 The first Mrs. Trump 51 Prying tool 52 Acts like a good dog 55 Lose steam 56 Elec. or mech. expert 57 __-Ball: arcade game 60 Suffix with concert 61 Big tee sizes
Complete the grid so each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit, 1 to 9. For strategies on how to solve Sudoku, visit www. sudoku.org.uk SOLUTION TO TUESDAY’S PUZZLE
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Photo above captures a view of the enivornment on the border of Mexico. PHOTO COURTESY OF KRISTA SCHLYER BY CLAIRE MOORE CMOORE@STATENEWS.COM
Opinions in the U.S. are divided over the ethical and financial implications of the current administration’s proposed border wall. In lieu of statements made by President Donald Trump during the 2016 campaign and election cycle, Trump maintains the argument to place a barrier along the Mexico-U.S. border. A wall of this scale would cover roughly 2,000 miles of southwestern dry terrain that extends along a line from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico. The goal of the wall, the President Trump, would be to decrease the number of immigrants who cross over the border illegally. One department at MSU is taking interest in the impacts that a wall of that scale could have. Alan Arbogast, chairperson of the Department of Geography at MSU, spoke about his passion for geography, its applied uses and how his department is seeking to educate students. “We are a very successful academic department that very few students know that much about,” Arbogast, whose work includes studies of the geographical evolution of the Great Lakes region, said.“Every year in November, geographers nationwide — we have something called Geography Awareness Week. Most disciplines don’t have an awareness week. ... The reason for that is, again, because geography is a discipline that’s very poorly understood. So we have our Geography Awareness Week, and here in the past five years, we’ve tried to promote the department visually on campus in a big way by hosting somebody who’s a prominent speaker.” Over the years, multiple speakers have continued the tradition of showcasing what the department has to offer students. This year conservation photographer Krista Schlyer came and spoke during Geography Awareness Week “She’s working in the Southwest and she is looking at the borderlands area between the United States and Mexico,” Arbogast said. In tandem with MSU’s Geography Awareness Week, the department hosted Schlyer’s presentation on the hotly-contested idea of Trump’s aforementioned border wall. The slideshow presentation, entitled “Continental Divide: Wildlife, People and the Border Wall,” took place Wednesday, Nov. 8. 10
T H E STAT E NE WS
Schlyer discussed her research of intricate ecosystems that can be found along the Mexico-U.S. border. According to an event notice on the Department of Geography’s website, Schlyer’s presentation will “discuss the natural and human history of the borderlands; the history of border policy; the unthinkable human consequences of border militarization; and the current immigration debate as it pertains to borderlands ecosystems, wildlife, and the people who call this region home.” Schlyer spoke about her passion for exploring the borderlands and how she enjoys photographing the land. “I love photographing wildlife, everything from bears and elk to the smallest baby praying mantis,” she said in an email. Schlyer used to live in Arizona and first began to document the land years ago. “I launched the Borderlands Project while working on a story for Wildlife Conservation magazine about a herd of bison that lived on the border,” Schlyer said. “In the course of doing research and photography for that story, I came to understand that the bison’s food and water resources were on opposite sides of the border. This was in 2007, just as the US government was starting to built the first sections of border wall. The reality of what this would mean hit me like a lightning bolt — that if the wall was built, it would block the bison, and thousands of other animals from critical resources they needed to survive.” The department’s decision to feature Schlyer’s research stemmed from the fact that while there’s so much talk about the border wall, few people know how it would truly impact the geographical composition of the land. “You hear a lot about border walls, and there are strong feelings about that,” Arbogast said. “Most people, when they think of the Southwest, if they think about it at all, they think desert, and that’s about it. They have a poor understanding of what plants and animals live there, and what impact a wall — if one got built — what impact a wall would have on those plants. We know that the purpose of the wall, supposedly, is to stop people from moving to the United States illegally, or at the very least stop them from bringing drugs to the United States illegally. So there’s that, but are there other potential impacts of a wall on the local geography that we’re not even thinking about?”
T H U RS DAY, N OV E M B E R 9, 2 01 7
Sasha Zidar Features editor email@example.com
1 year later: Students still divided impeachment, and not because that I want him in office, but I just believe that his replacement, Mike Pence, would be just as bad. ... I think his impeachment is coming, however, just scared for the fate of the country after his impeachment.”
Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump gives a speech on Nov. 7, 2016 at DeVos Place Convention Center in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The DeVos Place Convention Center was Trump’s last stop for the 2016 election season. STATE NEWS FILE PHOTO BY CLAIRE MOORE CMOORE@STATENEWS.COM
hree hundred and sixty-five days after one of the most shocking election victories in U.S. history, members of the Spartan community are reacting to our newest president’s time in office. Their reactions come upon the remembrance of one of the most contentious election cycles in recent years. It has been approximately one year since Americans went to the polls on Nov. 8, 2016 to elect the 45th president of the U.S. What followed the next day, on Nov. 9, shocked millions. In the weeks leading up to Election Day, early polls placed Democratic Party nominee and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton ahead in the race to the White House. Clinton was expected to win the 2016 election in a landslide victory. Few could have anticipated the massive voter turnout that occurred for GOP candidate, the now-President Donald Trump. During the early morning hours of Nov. 9, it was projected that Trump had won, state by state, the highest political office in the U.S. Thus, began the first year of American citizens closely scrutinizing the new president’s courses of action. The State News sought out members of the Spartan community to get a sense of their reactions to one year of Trump in the Oval Office.
Jeremiah Grant, a public policy senior at MSU, says he feels the president has acted how he initially thought he would. “I feel like he’s done as I expected him to — horribly,” Grant said. “His character as a person has always been a person who doesn’t deliver their word. It only does people the worst, antagonizes people and builds things off hate.” Grant, who in 2016 supported candidate Bernie Sanders and later Hillary Clinton, believes Trump has not accepted his role as the leader of the free world. He talks of a common concern that surrounded the idea of a Trump presidency. “I would say his biggest flaw is that he isn’t a politician, and we elected someone that isn’t a politician to the biggest political seat in the country and arguably the world,” Grant said. “I believe that he doesn’t take anything seriously based on his responses. He made jokes
about Puerto Rico in their situation. He came down a celebrity and not as a president.” Grant made also made reference to Trump’s response to crisis in Puerto Rico, where inhabitants of the island were struck by Hurricane Maria in September 2017. The island, with a population of just under 3.5 million people, remains in a state of recovery following the disaster. “When Puerto Rico is owned by the United States — they’re one of our territories, so the economy that Puerto Rico is in — their economy is so horrible because of United States sanctions and even things that his administration have started doing aren’t affecting them, and he hasn’t helped them yet,” Grant said. With the past year’s events laid out before him, Grant believes that race relations in the U.S. are the most important issue to be addressed by our elected officials. “It’s so many issues going on right now that involve different race relations in the United States, that shouldn’t be going on in 2017,” he said. He recalls NFL player protests throughout the 2017 football season, which was brought upon by the players seeking to address injustices against minorities in society. The acts of protest usually involved a player or multiple players taking a knee during the national anthem prior to football games. These actions caused a widespread uproar among some football fans, and those who believed that such actions were unpatriotic called for the suspension of players who continued to protest. Trump took to Twitter to voice his thoughts and used obscenities when referring to the players who refused to stand, while stating those who were “disrespecting the flag” needed to be fired by their respective NFL owners. “I feel that it was very disrespectful and out of line,” Grant said. “He still refuses to address the issue behind it, which he does have his right to feel about the protests and about the timing because of the national anthem, but you can’t address one side of it and not address the problem that caused it.” After everything he’s seen from Trump in the last 12 months, Grant spoke starkly on what he expects to come of the Trump administration. He believes an impeachment is on the horizon for Trump but is also concerned for the state of the country if that were to happen. “I do believe that he has reached a point where impeachment is not far off. I fear his
“To be honest, I’ve been disappointed,” Byrd said. “I feel like I was hoping that if at least if he was going to be president, then we would have an increase in business. I thought that our economy would grow somewhat, at the very least, and though I will say I have seen an improvement there, I feel like the pros definitely don’t outweigh the cons in regards to “I feel like he’s done as I expected what he’s been doing in other fields of his him to — horribly.” position.” The cons, she said, Jeremiah Grant, included Trump’s Public policy senior outspoken presence on social media. “Especially with, military decisions and his outrageous comments Hannah Byrd that he posts on Twitter. I just think that it’s For Hannah Byrd, a media and information ridiculous,” Byrd said. “I think that that makes sophomore, the president has done some me lose respect for him as the leader of our good things during his tenure in office. She country and, I feel like he’s the face of our nareferenced increasing job growth and a drop tion, and if you’re the face of our nation, then in the unemployment rate as two fields he you need to represent it as such. I feel like he’s helped to improve, but also believes these not been doing that very well.” are outweighed by a negative performance in READ MORE ON STATENEWS.COM other areas.
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COMPLETE TEXT of my new English language political novel THE REDEMPTION – by David Lawrence Cade - set in Russia and America, 2017, posted at my website https://sites.google.com/ site/davidlawrencecade/Home/ the-redemption-1
Automotive 1998 BUICK LASABRE for sale. Blue Book value $3,000. Asking $1,999 or best offer. Contact Rose 517-575-0166 or e-mail rose. email@example.com
Services ENGLISH COUNTRY DANCE. Nov 9. 7-9:30pm. Snyder Phillips Hall C20. No experience needed. Free for MSU students. $6 for public.
Rooms/Rent ONE BEDROOM APARTMENT sublease. University Villa 635 Abbot Rd. East Lansing. Air, Balcony, Parking, Laundry in Building. Partially Furnished. $810/month + utilities. Available 12/20/17 - 8/17/18. Call or Text 248-202-0330. @ T H E S N E WS
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MICHIGAN STATE vs. OHIO STATE
WHERE: COLUMBUS, OHIO TV: NOON ON FOX RADIO: SPARTAN SPORTS NETWORK
MSU WINS IF...
J.T. BARRETT THROUGH THE YEARS
SAM METRY: “MSU wins if the offensive line can contain Nick Bosa. The defensive end has been terrorizing the Big Ten just like his brother before him. On top of that, MSU needs to contain J.T. Barrett. The senior quarterback is very familiar with this MSU team, and MSU has struggled to contain Barrett’s running attack.”
2014: PASSING: 16-for-26 passing, 300 yards, three TDs | RUSHING: 14 rushes for 86 yards and two TDs
SOUICHI TERADA: “The defense continues to shut down the run, allowing help in the secondary and forcing Ohio State’s offense to be one-dimensional. Also, bad, rainy weather certainly won’t hurt the Spartans either.”
2016: PASSING: 10-for-22 passing, 86 yards, one TD RUSHING: 24 rushes for 105 yards
AP RANKING: WEEK 11
TEAM STATS *PER GAME
156.8 245.8 20.1
235.3 313.7 22.3
SCORES 2012: OSU won 17-16 2013: MSU won 34-24* 2014: OSU won 49-37 2015: MSU won 17-14 2016: OSU won 17-16 *BIG TEN CHAMPIONSHIP GAME
THE STATE NEWS
2015: PASSING: 9-for-16 passing, 46 yards, one TD RUSHING: 15 rushes for 44 yards
PASSING YARDS* POINTS ALLOWED* RUSHING YARDS ALLOWED* PASSING YARDS ALLOWED* PREVIOUS MATCHUPS 2012 - 2016
2 WINS THURSDAY, NOVEM B E R 9, 2 01 7
AP RANKING: WEEK 11
OSU: 30 WINS MSU: 15 WINS GRAPHICS: LAUREN GEWIRTZ
Published on Nov 9, 2017
The State News is published by the students of Michigan State University on Thursdays during fall, spring and select days during summer seme...