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Brainchild of noted journalist and visionary Shri S.P. Baranwal, SP Guide Publications was established in 1964. Daring to tread the path that very few can even dream of venturing on, it was his foresight which a year later fructified into the Military Yearbook, later renamed SP’s Military Yearbook. SP Guide Publications now presents SP’s Military Yearbook 2017-18. In keeping with its commitment to bridge the gap between the armed forces and the defence industry, the treatise incorporates in-depth analysis of the needs and aspirations of the armed forces as well as the capabilities and potential of defence manufacturers. Its distinguished panel of editors comprises current and former elite personnel of the Indian armed forces as well as foreign contributors from across the globe. An exhaustive reference manual for the armed forces of all the Asian countries, the SP’s Military Yearbook presents the most effective platform to reach leaders and decision-makers in the armed forces, defence industry and the Government. With its rich content and holistic insights garnered from the opinions and perspectives of experts in the field, it is acknowledged as a veritable treasure-trove of accurate, relevant and indispensable information. “A weapon that offers not just the penetration but respectability, too, generating a sense of pride within the manufacturers,” says the Editor-in-Chief, Jayant Baranwal, emphasising on its wide reach that allows defence
Lt General A.S. Chabbewal MGO (***)
Lt General Jatinder Sikand E-in-C (***)
Chief of Army Staff (COAS) Lt General Dalbir Singh Vice Chief of Army Staff (VCOAS) Director General Military Operations – DGMO*
Director General Information Systems – DGIS Additional Director General Information System – ADGIS Director General Staff Duties – DGSD Director General Military Training – DGMT Signal Officer-in-Chief – SO-in-C Deputy Director General Management Studies – DDGMS President Army Standing Establishment Committee – President ASEC
General Bikram Singh was commissioned into the Sikh Light Infantry Regiment in 1972. He is a graduate of the Defence Services Staff College, Wellington, the Higher Command Course at Mhow and the US Army War College, Pennsylvania. During his 38 years of eventful military career and active service, he has held a number of important command and staff appointments. He has commanded an Infantry Battalion in the Northeast and on the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), a Rashtriya Rifles Sector in South Kashmir, and an Infantry Division again on the line of control in J&K. He was the Corps Commander of prestigious Srinagar Corps. He
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Admiral R.K. Dhowan
Ministry of Defence Kabul, Afghanistan Tel: 0093 (O) 202300331 Tel: 0093 (O) 700275707
algeria Head of State President Abdel-aziz Bouteflika Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal Chief of General Staff and Vice-Minister of National Defence General Ahmed Salah Gaida Commander of the Land Forces Major General Ahcene Tafer Commander of the Navy Major General Malek Necib Commander of the Gendarmerie Major General Ahmed Boustila
Ministry of Defence Avenue des Tagarins Algiers, Algeria Tel: +2132611515 National People’s Army HQ C/o Ministry of National Defence Avenue Ali Khoudja Algiers, Algeria Tel: +2132634176, 631765, 611515
Admiral Rabinder Kumar Dhowan took over as the 22nd Chief of the Naval Staff on April 17, 2014. He is the 20th Indian to take command of the Indian Navy. Admiral R.K. Dhowan is a navigation and direction specialist. He is an alumnus of the National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla, and the Defence Services Staff College, Wellington. In his long and distinguished service spanning over 39 years, he has served in a variety of Command, Staff and Instructional appointments. His Sea Commands include guided missile corvette INS Khukri, Kashin class guided missile destroyer INS Ranjit and indigenous guided missile destroyer INS Delhi. He is a graduate of Naval War College, Rhode Island, USA. He was the Naval Adviser
at the High Commission of India, London. His important staff appointments at Naval Headquarters include, Deputy Director, Naval Operations, Joint Director, Naval Plans and Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Policy and Plans). He has commanded the Eastern Fleet, one of the operational fleets of the Indian Navy. He has also served as the Senior Instructor at the Defence Services Staff College, Wellington. His other important appointments include, Chief Staff Officer (Operations), Headquarters Western Naval Command, Chief of Staff at Headquarters Eastern Naval Command the Commandant National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla, and the Vice Chief of Naval Staff. He is recipient of PVSM, AVSM, YSM and ADC.
Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha Chief of the Air Staff
Air Marshal Arup Raha graduated in 1973 from the National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla, with the President’s Gold Medal. He was commissioned in the Flying Branch in December 1974 and has to his credit nearly 3,400 hours of flying experience mainly on fighter aircraft. The Air Marshal is an experienced qualified flying instructor holding ‘A2’ instructional category. He is also an alumnus of Defence Services Staff College and the National Defence College. He has served as a Directing Staff at Flying Instructors School, Tambaram, as well as at the Tactics and Combat Development Establishment of the IAF. He
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was deputed as the Military and Air Attaché in the Indian Embassy in Kiev, Ukraine, from 1999 to 2001. He has held several operational assignments including Command of a MiG-29 squadron and two important airbases in the Western Sector. He has also served as the Deputy Commandant of Air Force Academy, Senior Air Staff Officer at Western Air Command, Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Central Air Command, Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Western Air Command and Vice Chief of Air Staff before taking over as the Chief of the Air Staff on January 1, 2014. He is recipient of PVSM, AVSM and VM.
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JANUARY 2014 n 6 January: Defence Minister of Japan Itsunori Onodera held a Defence Ministerial meeting with Indian Defence Minister A.K. Antony in New Delhi. Decide to extend cooperation in exercises and training.
Commander, US Pacific Command, Adm Samuel J. Locklear, calls on the Chairman COSC and CAS, Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne, in Delhi on June 25, 2013 n 25 June: Admiral Samuel J. Locklear, Commander, US Pacific Command, called on Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne, Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chief of the Air Staff. Regional Security, South China Sea discussed, besides a review of growing US-India Security and Defence relationship. n 27 June: General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff, visits Sri Lanka. Second visit to Sri Lanka denoting increased military relationship.
n 4 July: Defence Minister A.K. Antony visits China. India and China decide to resume joint army training exercises in November, which were suspended for past five years.
n 30 January: Mohamed Bin Nasser Al-Rasby, Secretary General of Defence, Ministry of Defence, Oman and Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha, Chief of the Air Staff, meet in New Delhi, affirm commitment to mutual cooperation.
Shivshankar Menon, National Security Advisor, meeting with State Councilor of China Yang Jiechi in New Delhi on February 10, 2014 n 10 February: 5th Meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India-China Border Affairs held in New Delhi, reaffirm commitment to stability on the Line of Actual Control.
n 24 February: Sixth round of India-China Annual Defence Dialogue held, expansion of defence ties discussed.
External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid and US Secretary of State John F. Kerry at the joint press interaction in New Delhi on June 24, 2013
Central & South aSia: kazakhStan
n 24 June: External Affairs Minister of India Salman Khurshid and Secretary of State John F. Kerry cochair fourth India-US Strategic Dialogue. Defence and nuclear energy cooperation given a fillip.
Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne presenting a memento to Minister of Defence, Republic of Korea, Kim Kwan-jin, at Seoul, South Korea on July 8, 2013
n 12 February: Third nuclear test by North Korea was the cause of much tension on the Korean Peninsula during the first half of the year.
n 7-11 July: IAF Chief N.A.K. Browne on a four-day visit to South Korea. Wide range of bilateral issues on the ongoing defence cooperation between the two countries discussed.
Latest and Comprehensive Asia’s Who’s Who
overview of the economy Kazakhstan, geographically the largest of the former Soviet republics, excluding Russia, possesses enormous fossil fuel reserves and plentiful supplies of other minerals and metals, such as uranium, copper and zinc. It also has a large agricultural sector featuring livestock and grain. In 2002 Kazakhstan became the first country in the former Soviet Union to receive an investment-grade credit
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rating. Extractive industries have been and will continue to be the engine of Kazakhstan’s growth, although the country is aggressively pursuing diversification strategies. Landlocked, with restricted access to the high seas, Kazakhstan relies on its neighbours to export its products, especially oil and grain. Although its Caspian Sea ports, pipelines, and rail lines carrying oil have been upgraded, civil aviation and roadways continue to need attention. Telecoms are improving, but require considerable investment, as does the information technology base. Supply and distribution of electricity can be erratic because of regional dependencies, but the country is moving forward with plans to improve reliability of electricity and gas supply to its population. At the end of 2007, global financial markets froze up and the loss of capital inflows to Kazakhstani banks caused a credit crunch. The subsequent and sharp fall of oil and commodity prices in 2008 aggravated the economic situation, and Kazakhstan plunged into recession. While the global financial crisis took a significant toll on Kazakhstan’s economy, it has rebounded well, helped by prudent government measures. Rising commodity prices have helped the recovery. Despite solid macroeconomic indicators, the government realises that its economy suffers from an overreliance on oil and extractive industries, the so-called “Dutch disease.” In response, Kazakhstan has embarked on an ambitious diversification programme, aimed at developing targeted sectors like transport, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, petrochemicals and food processing. In 2010 Kazakhstan joined the Belarus-Kazakhstan-Russia Customs Union in an effort to boost foreign investment and improve trade relationships.
Defence Total Armed Forces : Active: 39,000 (Army: 20,000; Air: 12,000; Navy: 3,000; MoD: 4,000) Terms of Services : 12 months Paramilitary Forces : Presidential Guard: 2,000 Internal Security Troops: 20,000 est. State, Border Protection Force: 9,000 est. Government Guard: 500
n 15 February: Pakistan conducts successful test of the short range nuclear capable Hatf II (Abdali).
n 19-28 July: Chief of Army Staff of the Nepal Army General Gaurav Shumsher Rana on visit to China. China assures military assistance to Nepal.
Long range cruise missile Nirbhay launched at Chandipur, Odisha, on March 12, 2013 n 12 March: India tests long-range cruise missile Nirbhaya which is partially successful.
APRIL 2013 n 7 April: India Strategic Forces Command (SFC), fired medium range Agni-II missile propelled by solid rocket propellant system, with a range of over 2,000 km.
n 31 August: 10th round of defence and security talks between China and Pakistan in Beijing. Both nations reaffirm commitment to strategic partnership.
SEPTEMBER 2013 n 27 September: India-US Summit in Washington. Expanding defence cooperation key theme during the meeting of Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh and President Barack Obama. n 29 September: Indian and Pakistan Prime Ministers meet in New York. Directors General of Military Operations to meet to resolve issue of ceasefire violations.
Defence Minister A.K. Antony calls on the President of Myanmar, U Thein Sein, in Naypyidaw, Myanmar, on January 22, 2013 n 21-22 January: Defence Minister A.K. Antony on visit to Myanmar. Antony conveyed importance placed by India on enhancement of bilateral ties in defence. n 21 January: Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne, Chief of the Air Staff and Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC), visited Israel. Expanded India-Israel cooperation discussed.
FEBRUARY 2013 n 11-14 February: Indian Army Chief General Bikram Singh visits Tokyo. Affirms expanding relations between two armies.
Defence Minister of the France, Jean Yves Le Drian, calling on the Defence Minister, A.K. Antony, in New Delhi on July 26, 2013 n 25-27 July: Visit of French Minister of Defence Jean Yves Le Drian to India, underlines emergence of France as the third pole of defence military technical cooperation with India.
AUGUST 2013 n 27 August: China and Bangladesh pledge to strengthen military ties during a meeting between Chinese Defense Minister Chang Wanquan and Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army Iqbal Karim Bhuiyan in Beijing.
n 10 April: Pakistan successfully test-fired Hatf-IV (Shaheen-1). The missile is capable of carrying nuclear and conventional warheads to a range of 900 km.
JUNE 2013 n 1 June: Mark-II Arjun trials begin at the Mahajan field firing ranges in Rajasthan. The Mark-II version of the Arjun has 89 upgrades or improvements over the earlier 124 Mark-I tanks inducted by the Army.
JULY 2013 n 1 July: Sea trials of aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov nee INS Vikramaditya commence.
SEPTEMBER 2013 n 3-6 September: General Bikram Singh, Indian Chief of the Army Staff, on a goodwill visit to Australia. Follows up on expanding defence ties in Indo-Pacific.
OCTOBER 2013 n 10 October: East Asia Summit. Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh outlines India’s commitment to maritime security.
Manmohan Singh and the President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, at the joint press conference in Moscow on October 21, 2013
JANUARY 2013 n 8 January: Indian Coast Guard ship ICGS Rajkamal, the fourth in the series of eight Inshore Patrol Vessels (IPVs) designed and built by the Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited, Kolkata, commissioned at Chennai.
n 8 February: Advanced Light Helicopter Mk-IV army version Rudra handed over by Dr R.K. Tyagi, Chairman, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), to Lt General Narendra Singh, Deputy Chief of Army Staff (P&S), Indian Army, during Aero India 2013. n 11 February: Indian Coast Guard ship Rajratan, the fifth in a series of eight Inshore Patrol Vessels (IPVs) commissioned by Director General of Indian Coast Guard, Vice Admiral M.P. Muralidharan in Kolkata.
n 10-22 September: PLA conducts intra-theatre, trans-MAC mobilisation exercise involving Nanjing MAC, Mission Action 2013. n 9-23 September: Sri Lankan armed forces conduct 15-day-long exercise Cormorant Strike IV. Exercise included raids on boat yards, taking of high value targets, amphibious landing, search operations, counter-terrorist actions and hostage rescue missions, etc. n 23 September-6 October: Indo-Nepal Joint Military Training, Exercise Surya Kiran-V.
MARCH 2013 n 27 March: Indian Navy launched the third antisubmarine warfare (ASW) corvette, designed under the ambitious Project-28 (P-28) by the Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design in Kolkata.
n 9 April: Bangladesh Air Force (BAF) gets new airbase Bangabandhu near Dhaka. n 17 April: F-22P frigate Aslat built with Chinese assistance in Pakistan commissioned at Karachi Shipyard.
MARCH 2013 n 20 March: Egyptian Defence Minister General Abdel Fattah al Sisi visits Delhi. General al Sisi explores defence cooperation between India and Egypt.
Defence Minister of Kyrgyz Republic, Major General Taalaibek Omuraliev calling, on Defence Minister, A.K. Antony, in New Delhi on September 13, 2013
n 24 September: Ma Xiaotian, member of the Central Military Commission (CMC) and commander of the Air Force of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), met with Gotabhaya Rajapaksa at the Headquarters of the PLA in Beijing. China assures enhanced defence cooperation with Sri Lanka.
n 23 October: Indian and China Prime Ministers meet in Beijing. Border Defence Cooperation Agreement signed. n 14-15 October: Sixth Meeting of the Brazil-India Joint Commission. Political, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation agreement signed.
NOVEMBER 2013 n 18 November: India and Russia hold Joint Military Technical Commission meeting. India highlighted the need for additional share of work in Fifth-Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA).
Bangladesh Army Chief, General Iqbal Karim Bhuiyan, calls on the Defence Minister, A.K. Antony, in New Delhi on April 1, 2013
n 21-22 November: Pak-US Defence Consultative Group met in Washington. The strategic dialogue process to commence in April 2014.
n 1-4 April: Bangladesh Army Chief visits India. Reaffirms India-Bangladesh military-to-military relations.
n 1-6 October: Nepal’s Chief of Army Staff General Gaurav Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana in India, observes India-Nepal joint exercise. n 29 October-2 November: Indian Army Chief General Bikram Singh on visit to Myanmar. Calls on President U Thein Sein and Commander-inChief of the defence services, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.
MARCH 2013 n 1 March: Ex Tropex reviewed by Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral D.K. Joshi. Tropex (theatre level readiness and operational exercise) aimed at assessing the operational readiness of ships, submarines and aircraft of the Navy. n 4-8 March: Exercise Aman (Peace)-13 Pakistan Navy in cooperation with regional navies.
n 19-26 March: Singapore Army and the Royal Thai Army (RTA) conclude a bilateral army exercise, code-named Exercise Kocha Singa.
DECEMBER 2013 n 18-23 December: Indian Army 36 RAPID (Reorganised Army Plains Division) conducts Exercise Shahbaaz Ajay. Strike Corps validates new concepts and refines existing battle procedures. n 19-22 December: Japan-India Maritime Exercise (JIMEX) conducted in waters off the Indian coast in the Bay of Bengal.
n 4-9 February: Exercise MILAN 2014 held at Port Blair with participation of navies from 17 countries. n 11 February: Exercise Cobra Gold commences. Participants include Thailand, US, Singapore, Japan, South Korea, Indonesia and Malaysia. Chinese PLA participates as an observer-plus nation for the first time. n 13 February: Indian armed forces joint exercise Tropex held with participation of Eastern and Western Fleets.
“Extend you my greetings and felicitations for your efforts towards SP’s Military Yearbook and wish you continued success.” —Pranab Mukherjee, Former President of India
n 6-9 February: Defexpo 2014 held in New Delhi. Over 600 Indian and foreign companies participate. n 11-16 February: Singapore Air Show held, $32 billion business in civil and military aircraft transacted.
MISCELLANEOUS FEBRUARY 2013 n 27 February: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina announces purchase of two submarines and a coast guard cutter for Bangladesh Navy.
APRIL 2013 n 2 April: Global Arms Trade Treaty approved in United Nations. India abstains due to lack of balanced text. n 16 April: China issues White Paper on Defence focuses on role of various arms of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), Army, Navy, Air Force and the Second Artillery and underlines increasingly complex environment due to United States AsiaPacific shift.
MAY 2013 n 30 May: Pakistan Air Force suspends upgradation and development plan called Air Force Development Plan 2025, due to paucity of funds.
Defence Minister A.K. Antony interecting with Army Commanders at the Army Commanders conference on April 8, 2013
n 2 July: HQ Integrated Defence Staff (IDS) issues the “Technology Perspective & Capability Road Map,” to provide the industry an overview of the direction in which the armed forces intend to head in terms of capability over the next 15 years.
JUNE 2013 n 1 June: Indian Ministry of Defence promulgates Defence Procurement Procedure 2013 focusing on indigenisation.
n 25 March-7 April: Exercise Shanti Prayas-II jointly organised by the Nepal Army and the United States Pacific Command.
APRIL 2013 n 4 April: Indian Air Force completes two-front scenario building simulation exercise Live Wire. n 4 April: Indian and the UK army exercise Ajeya Warrior.
n 27 April: Pakistan Air Force completes Ex Saffron Bandit integrating air, army aviation and air defence resources through AEW&C networks. Exercise had started in October 2012. INS Trikand on commissioning at Kaliningrad on June 29, 2013 n 29 June: INS Trikand, last of the three follow-on Talwar class frigates built in the Russian Federation, commissioned into the Indian Navy at Kaliningrad, Russia, by Vice Admiral R.K. Dhowan, the Vice Chief of the Naval Staff.
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A.K. Antony lighting the lamp to inaugurate the Defexpo 2014, at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, on February 6, 2014
SAF and IA tanks participating in Exercise Bold Kurukshetra 2013 n 20 March: Singapore Armed Forces and Indian Army conduct Exercise Bold Kurukshetra to include integrated live-firing.
n 17-18 April: India-French naval exercises held in Goa as part of larger naval drills held annually.
Second successful launch of Agni-V on September 15, 2013
P-8I makes its maiden landing at INS Rajali on May 15, 2013 n 15 May: First of eight Boeing P-8I Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance and Anti-Submarine Warfare (LRMRASW) aircraft received at the Naval Air Station Rajali (Arakkonam).
n 15 September: India’s long-range ballistic missile Agni-V, capable of delivering warhead with high precision, was successfully launched in a repeat of spectacular maiden launch last year.
n 8-12 November: Dubai Air Show. 60,692 trade attendees, 1,046 exhibitors from 60 countries and 1,735 international and regional media attended. n 18-20 November: Armoured Vehicles India: Developments in armoured vehicles market in India.
n 19 October: India-Russia Joint Exercise Indra in Mahajan Field Firing ranges, Rajasthan.
n 4-13 November: India-China joint army training exercise Hand in Hand. Exercise has been resumed after a gap of four years. n 5-11 November: India-US Navy Malabar exercise. Exercise included on shore and at sea training.
FEBRUARY 2014 n 4-16 March: Exercise Indus Viper-II conducted between Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and Turkish Air Force (TuAF) in Pakistan. n 11-22 March: Exercise Cope Tiger trilateral air exercise conducted by Singapore, Thailand and the United States.
n 31 May: The IAF’s premier Academy located at Dundigal, Hyderabad, witnesses unveiling of Pilatus, PC-7 Mk II.
n 7 October: Prithvi-II test-fired successfully by Indian SFC. The target was effectively destroyed.
n 4-7 November: Defence and Security Exhibition held in Bangkok, Thailand. International Defence Cooperation was the main theme.
n 16-18 January: Bahrain International Air Show. Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) participated displaying state-of-the-art technologies. SAF participates in Exercise Suman Warrior during October 13-25, 2013 n 13-25 October: Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA) land exercise, code-named Suman Warrior in Australia. Singapore, Malaysia, New Zealand and Britain are FPDA members.
NOVEMBER 2013 n 11-21 February: US Thai Exercise Cobra Gold, Myanmar attends as observer for the first time participating with US military. n 22 February: Indian Air Force conducts major day and night firepower exercise Iron Fist conceived as a visible demonstration of India’s air power in varied dimensions.
n 18 March-4 April: Indian Air Force commences two-front scenario building simulation exercise Live Wire testing the concept of swing squadrons.
n 8 October: Prithvi-II test-fired successfully for the second time in two days by Indian SFC.
SEPTEMBER 2013 n 23-27 September: NAMEXPO 2013 held in Kochi, India’s first event to showcase naval assets and warfare equipment.
n 29 October-3 November: ADEX 2013-Seoul International Aerospace & Defense Exhibition to showcase rapidly developing Korea’s aerospace and defence industries.
MAJOR TRAINING EXERCISES
n 12-22 January: Naval forces of Pakistan and Saudi Arabia hold joint exercise, ‘Naseem Al Bahr-X’ at the Arabian Sea near Ormara.
FEBRUARY 2013 n 2-8 February: III US Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) conducted humanitarian assistance and disaster relief table-top exercise in Nepal with the Nepal Army.
n 23 May: Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh lays foundation stone for the Indian National Defence University (INDU) at Binola, near Gurgaon, Haryana.
n 11-15 September: Major General Taalaibek Omuraliev, Minister of Defence of the Kyrgyz Republic, on visit to India. Holds a meeting with Defence Minister A.K. Antony. Both Ministers discussed a range of issues of mutual interest in the region.
JUNE 2013 n 17-23 June: 50th Paris Air Show held in Paris.
AUGUST 2013 n 27 August-1 September: 11th International Aerospace Show MAKS-2013 held near Moscow, on Zhukovskiy LII air field.
FEBRUARY 2014 n 13 February: The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited hands over the first Crew Module Structural Assembly for the Human Spaceflight Programme to the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Trivandrum of ISRO, in Bengaluru.
n 30 August: Upgraded version of main battle tank Arjun trials undergoing final testing in Pokhran field firing range.
n 6-10 February: Aero India 2013 in Bengaluru. 607 companies, including 352 foreign ones, and 78 official delegations from various countries with interests in the field of defence and aerospace.
MAY 2013 n 14-16 May: The International Maritime Defence Exhibition and Conference (IMDEX) Asia 2013 held in Singapore with a record number of navy and air force chiefs attending. In all, 61 delegations from 48 countries and 194 exhibitors are at the event.
NOVEMBER 2013 International Fleet Review during October 3-11, 2013 n 3-11 October: International Fleet Review held in Sydney, Australia, 56 ships from various countries participated.
n 11 May: Indian Navy commissions first-ever squadron of naval supersonic fighters, the MiG29K, which will operate from the decks of aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya (Admiral Gorshkov) as well as the indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC).
n 26-28 July: Pinaka Mark II multi-barrel rocket launcher system undergone successful firing trials at Chandhan area in Pokhran field firing ranges.
Defence Minister A.K. Antony, Minister for Civil Aviation Ajit Singh and Chief Minister of Karnataka Jagadish Shettar greeting the crowd at the inaugural ceremony of Aero India 2013, at Bengaluru on February 6, 2013
n 18 December: Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) formally handed over the 50th indigenously produced Block-I JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft to Pakistan Air Force.
Calendar of Events.indd 1
Kazakhstan faces no significant external threats. Unique in the post-Soviet Central Asian region for its significant and sustained economic growth which has translated into consistent standard of living increases for the population, Kazakhstan has also had a measured foreign policy since independence. Although Russia and China, its two economically and militarily sizeable neighbours, are perceived as threatening by some Kazakhs, it is not in a military sense. Rather, Kazakhs worry about Russian and Chinese investors exerting influence as a result of economic power, and they express concern about political bullying. They have managed these problems predominantly by maintaining good relations with these countries, as well as building ties with the United States. Kazakhstan has sought not so much to balance any one partner against others as it has to ensure that a network of good relationships prevents conflict. In its own region, Kazakhstan has aspired to Central Asian leadership with variable success. Kazakhstan is a strategic fulcrum in the vast Central AsianCaspian Basin zone, a region rich in energy resources and a potential gateway for commerce and communications between Europe and Asia. It is also an area that faces a vast number of security challenges. Ensuring a stable and secure Central Asia is important for the world and for Kazakhstan which has a vital stake in the security of this region.
n 9-20 September: India and France hold exercise Shakti in the French Alps at Grenoble.
n 15 January: Indian Coast Guard ship Abhinav, third in the series of 20 Fast Patrol Vessels (FPVs), commissioned.
n 30 July: Trials for Nag with new ‘more sensitive’ and ‘higher resolution’ seekers being developed by the Research Centre Imarat (RCI) conducted.
n 12 August: Indian missile unit of the Strategic Forces Command successfully launched Prithvi-II missile with a strike range of around 350 km. Chief of Staff, Japan Maritime Self Defence Force, Admiral Katsutoshi Kawano, calls on the Defence Minister, A.K. Antony, in New Delhi on February 25, 2013 n 25-26 February: Admiral Katsutoshi Kawano, Chief of Staff, Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF), in Delhi. Discusses long-term maritime cooperation.
n 21 October: 14th India-Russia Annual Summit in Moscow. Nuclear and defence relations receive a fillip.
India successfully test-fires Agni-IV on January 20, 2014 n 20 January: Agni-IV test carried out successfully marking a new chapter in India’s strategic deterrence.
n 24 January: A UK-built hovercraft inducted into the Indian Coast Guard fleet. The 21-metre-long Air Cushion Vehicle can achieve a maximum speed of 45 knots per hour and is fitted with modern radar.
n 20 March: India successfully tested BrahMos underwater missile.
n 8-9 July: 2nd meeting on Trilateral Cooperation on Maritime Security held in Colombo. India, Sri Lanka and Maldives sign agreement to share capacities and information to address threats to maritime security.
SEPTEMBER 2013 n 3-22 September: Pakistan Air Force contingent comprising Mirage and F-7 PG aircraft, combat pilots and ground technical crew participated in the joint Air Exercise “Shaheen-II,” with PLAAF. n 9 September: With a view to respond to disaster, a joint exercise between Nepal Army and US Army Pacific Command held in Kathmandu.
INDUCTION OF MAJOR PLATFORMS/TECHNOLOGIES
DEFENCE EXHIBITIONS FEBRUARY 2013
AUGUST 2013 n 18-21 August: Disaster Response Exercise and Exchange (Dree), jointly arranged by US Army Pacific and the Armed Forces Division (AFD) Bangladesh, held in Dhaka with a focus on earthquake readiness, for Dhaka city. n 19 August: South Korea and the United States Ulchi Freedom Guardian held.
n 11 December: Indian Coast Guard ship Rajdhwaj commissioned at Chennai by G.K. Vasan, Union Minister of Shipping.
AUGUST 2013 n 28-29 August: Biannual ADMM-Plus meeting held in Brunei. India confirms commitment to maritime security in the region.
n 25 November: Pakistan inducted first fleet of indigenously developed strategic unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), namely Burraq and Shahpar, in Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force respectively.
NOVEMBER 2013 n 21 November: Naval Commanders Conference held in New Delhi. Defence Minister A.K. Antony compliments Indian Navy for commissioning INS Vikramaditya. n 25-26 November: Sri Lanka Navy held annual international maritime security conference Galle Dialogue 2013. Emerging trends in the Indian Ocean was main theme.
n 15-26 July: Singapore and US armed forces hold annual exercise Tiger Balm and CARAT exercise.
n 21-24 July: Indian Air Force Chief Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne on a four-day visit to the US. Wide ranging discussions on enhancing defence cooperation held.
n 8 January: President of India conferred the Honorary Rank of General of the Indian Army on General Gaurav Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, Chief of the Army Staff, Nepalese Army. Tradition of mutual honorary ranks of Chiefs reiterated.
n 3 September: A F-22P frigate Aslat built with Chinese assistance in Pakistan was commissioned at Karachi Shipyard by the Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
n 12 November: First ALH (Dhruv) squadron commissioned at Kochi. Dhruv is the first indigenously designed and manufactured helicopter at the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
n 21 January: Indian Navy commissioned its largest offshore patrol vessel INS Saryu for maritime surveillance around Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
n 24-25 July: US Army Chief Raymond Odierno visits New Delhi and Udhampur. Praises Indian Army performance in counter-insurgency operations in Jammu and Kashmir.
JULY 2013 n 2-19 July: Joint Combined Exchange Training (JCET), Exercise Flash Style with US Naval Special Warfare Community and Sri Lankan armed forces carried out at the Naval Dockyard in Trincomalee.
n 20 August: Indian Air Force’s C-130J lands in Daulat Beg Oldie in close proximity of the Line of Actual Control with China. n 30 August: GSAT-7 or INSAT-4F India’s first satellite for defence purposes launched.
SEPTEMBER 2013 n 2 September: Defence Minister A.K. Antony formally inducted the Boeing C-17 Globemaster III into the IAF at a special ceremony held at the Hindon airbase of the IAF.
n 16 November: INS Vikramaditya handed over to the Indian Navy in the presence of Defence Minister A.K. Antony. Indian Navy enters new era.
JANUARY 2013 n 27 January: India successfully test-fires K5 submarine launched ballistic missile from a pontoon.
FEBRUARY 2013 n 11 February: Pakistan conducts successful test of the nuclear-capable tactical ballistic missile Hatf IX (Nasr).
HIGH LEVEL DEFENCE VISITS
Area : 27,24,900 sq km Capital : Astana Coastline : 0 km (landlocked) Population : 1,79,48,816 (July 2014 est.) Ethnic Divisions : Kazakh (Qazaq) 63.1 per cent, Russian 23.7 per cent, Uzbek 2.8 per cent, Ukrainian 2.1 per cent German 1.1 per cent, Tatar 1.3 per cent, Uighur 1.4 per cent, others 4.5 per cent (2009 census) Religions : Muslim 70.2 per cent, Christian 26.2 per cent (Russian Orthodox 23.9 per cent, other Christian 2.3 per cent), Buddhist 0.1 per cent, other 0.2 per cent, atheist 2.8 per cent, unspecified 0.5 per cent (2009 census) Languages : Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4 per cent, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the “language of inter-ethnic communication”) 95 per cent (2001 est.) Literacy : 99.7 per cent Government : Republic, authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch Suffrage : 18 years of age; universal Administrative Divisions : 14 provinces and 3 cities
JANUARY 2014 n 21-23 January: Indian Army Chief General Bikram Singh visits Singapore. Meets top defence leadership to boost military ties.
JUNE 2013 n 16 June: Pakistan Army concludes Azm E Nau IV exercise to practise the new war fighting concept. n 21 June: Pakistan Air Force held the Triennial Command level Air Exercise Saffron Bandit to enhance preparedness and to practise precise and expeditious response.
IAF C-130J-30 Super Hercules makes an historic landing at Daulat Beg Oldie on August 20, 2013
n 15 October: INS Sunayna, the second of the NOPV (Naval Offshore Patrol Vessel) class of ship commissioned at Kochi.
n 29-30 January: General Akin Ozturk, Commander Turkish Air Force in Pakistan and visits Pakistan Air Force Academy Risalpur, and Pakistan Aeronautical Complex Kamra.
TESTS AND TRIALS
n 10-11 February: 17th round of talks between the Special Representatives of India and China on the Boundary Question held in candid, friendly and constructive atmosphere.
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n 23 December: Agni-III missile with a range capability of over 3,000 km successfully test-fired from Wheeler Island, off the Odisha coast.
JANUARY 2014 n 7 January: Strategic Forces Command successfully launched a Prithvi missile as part of a scenario based live launch training exercise.
n 10-15 December: Myanmar’s Vice Senior General Soe Win, Army Chief and Deputy Commander-inChief of Defence Services, visits India.
n 29 January: Pakistan’s Federal Defence Minister Rana Tanveer Hussain holds talks with Turkish counterpart Ismet Yilmaz in Ankara. Discuss proposals for transfer of technology.
SP’s Military yearbook | 2014-2015 | 42nd issue | 333
DECEMBER 2013 n 7 December: Tejas, India’s first indigenously designed, developed and productionised fourthgeneration plus light combat aircraft (LCA), launches infrared seeking air-to-air missile.
DECEMBER 2013 n 2-5 December: Indian Army Chief General Bikram Singh on an official trip to US. Inducted in the hall of fame at the US War College.
n 27 March: BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) fifth summit in Durban, South Africa. BRICS development bank and greater economic and political synergy discussed.
n 26-29 November: General Tan Sri Dato Sri Rodzali Bin Daud, Chief of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, on a four-day visit to India called on Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne, Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chief of the Air Staff, at Air HQ.
JULY 2013 n 27-28 January: US Secretary of State John Kerry and Pakistan’s National Security and Foreign Affairs Advisor Sartaj Aziz hold US-Pakistan strategic dialogue in Washington resumed after a gap of two years.
AUGUST 2013 n 12 August: Indian indigenous aircraft carrier Vikrant launched.
n 18 November: Indian Army successfully test-fired advanced version of the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile to destroy a “hardened target.”
n 29 November: Extensive carriage trials of ‘Astra’ with Sukhoi-30 aircraft commence.
n 12 December: Defence Minister A.K. Antony reiterated India’s commitment to continue to strengthen bilateral defence relations with Maldives in meeting with Maldivian Minister of Defence and National Security Mohamed Nazim. n 24 December: India-Pakistan DGMOs meet, Assert commitment to ceasefire.
n 26 April: “Heart of Asia”, meet on Afghanistan held. Afghanistan’s stability in the post-2014 scenario discussed, India outlines development support to Afghanistan.
NOVEMBER 2013 n 5 November: Pakistan test-fired short-range surface-to-surface missile Hatf IX (Nasr). Successive launches of 4 x missiles (Salvo) from multi-tube launcher carried out. n 8 November: User trial of indigenously developed ballistic missile Agni-I conducted by the Strategic Forces Command. Agni-1 has a range of 700 to 1,000 km.
n 23 November: India successfully test-fired nuclear-capable Dhanush ballistic missile. The 350-km range missile was fired from a naval ship off Odisha coast.
Royal Malaysian Air Force Chief, General Rodzali Bin Daud, calling on the CAS, Air Chief Marshal N.A.K. Browne, in New Delhi on November 26, 2013
Minister of Defence and National Security, Maldives, Mohamed Nazim, shaking hands with the Defence Minister, A.K. Antony, in New Delhi on December 12, 2013 Second India-Afghanistan-US Trilateral Dialogue Meeting in Delhi on February 19, 2013 n 19 February: India-Afghanistan-US trilateral dialogue in New Delhi. Vision of a secure, peaceful, democratic and prosperous Afghanistan discussed.
NOVEMBER 2013 n 13-17 November: Israeli chief of land forces Major General Guy Zur in New Delhi on a four-day visit. n 15-18 November: Defence Minister A.K. Antony visits Russia for Annual Defence Dialogue. n 25-30 November: India’s Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral D.K. Joshi visited Sri Lanka. Attends Galle Dialogue 2013.
JUNE 2013 n 3-6 June: Indian Minister of Defence visits Singapore, Thailand and Australia. n 3 June: India’s Eastern Naval Fleet commences visit to Vietnam, Philippines. Outlines trajectory of India’s growing defence relations in the IndoPacific region.
n 7 May: US-South Korea summit in Washington. Common strategy to meet the challenge of nuclear proliferation from North Korea discussed.
Head of State Queen Elizabeth II (since January 6, 1952). Governor General Quentin Alice Louise Bryce Prime Minister Tony Abbott Defence Minister David Albert Lloyd Johnston Chief of the Defence Forces General David Hurley Chief of Army Lt General David Morrison Chief of Navy Vice Admiral Ray Griggs Chief of Air Force Air Marshal Geoff Brown Chief Joint Operations Lt General Ash Power Department of Defence Russel Offices Suite MF149, Parliament House Canberra ACT 2600 Tel: 02 6277 7800, 6162659111 Fax: 02 6273 4118 Defence National Tel: 1300 3333623
n 15-18 April: Minister of Defence and National Security of the Republic of Maldives Mohamed Nazism visited India. India assures commitment to maritime security.
MAY 2013 n 26-30 May: Army Chief General Bikram Singh in France. Holds talks with French Defence Minister Jean Yves Le Drian, Chief of General Staff Admiral Edouard Guillaud and Army Chief General Bertrand Ract-Madoux.
n 14 January: Third India-China Annual Defence Dialogue in Beijing. Two sides discus bilateral, regional and international issues of common interests including the situation in the Asia-Pacific region and in the India-China border areas. n 14-16 January: Russian President Vladimir Putin and Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina summit. Bangladesh inks agreement to purchase weapons worth $1 billion.
Chief of the Naval Staff
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Most Authentic Organisational Data
CONCEPTS & PERSPECTIVES
WEAPONS EQUIPMENT VEHICLES
has served in three UN Peacekeeping Missions. In his last assignment he was the Deputy Force Commander and General Officer Commanding of a Multinational Division in Africa, comprising officers and troops of 48 nationalities. He has also held important staff appointments at Army Headquarters in Military Operations and Perspective Planning Directorates. Before taking over as Chief of the Army Staff, he was General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Command. Besides holding two Masters Degrees from India, he is also a Masters in Strategic Defence Studies from the US. He is recipient of PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM and ADC.
*DGMO is also a Principal Staff Officer
Commander of the Air Force Major General Abdul Wahab Wardak
Chief of the Army Staff & Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee
ASIAN WHO’S WHO
Lt General J.P. Nehra Deputy Chief of Army Staff (DCOAS) Information Systems and Training (IS&T)
Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces Lt General Sher Mohammad Karimi
Who’S Who in indian defence
General Bikram Singh
Additional Director General Operation Logistics – ADGOL Additional Director General Movements – ADG Mov
WEAPONS EQUIPMENT VEHICLES TECHNOLOGY
CONCEPTS & PERSPECTIVES
25 29 31 35 39 43 47 51 55 59 65 69
ASIAN WHO’S WHO
1 5 9 13 17 21
Contents Concerns and challenges impacting on global peace and security The Modi-Obama Vision and Indo-US Relations Modi and Indo-Russian Relations China’s Military Command and Control: A Root and Branch Overhaul The Current Situation in West Asia and its Implications Pakistan: A Fragile Polity and a Dysfunctional State The UN Tribunal’s South China Sea Verdict — Implications for Regional Security Eight Reducing Flab in India’s Defence Organisation Nine Maritime Capacity Building and India’s Imperatives Ten Special Forces Eleven Asymmetric and Unconventional Warfare on the Subcontinent Twelve Army Aviation Turns 30 – A Reality Check Thirteen Blue Economy and China: Economic Wealth and Strategic Advantages Fourteen Cyber Warfare in Future Conflicts Fifteen Defence Reforms Sixteen Foundational Pillars of India’s Strategy to Protect Offshore Assets Seventeen The IAF – A Strategic Air Force? Eighteen Trends in Land-based Firepower in the Future
Foreign Minister Ahmad Zarar Moqbel Osmani Interior Minister Mohammad Omar Daudzai
Concepts & Perspectives
Second Vice President Abdul Karim Khalili Defence Minister Bismillah Khan Mohammadi
Director General Operational Logistics & Stragetic Move – DGOL&SM
Principle Staff Officers PSOs
One Two Three Four Five Six Seven
Additional Director General Military Intelligence – ADGMI (A) Additional Director General Military Intelligence – ADGMI (B) Additional Director General Public Information – ADGPI Additional Director General Signal Intelligence – ADGSI
afghaniStan Head of State and Government President Hamid Karzai First Vice President Vacant
External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid meeting the Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida in Tokyo on March 26, 2013
Additional Director General Military Operations – ADGMO (A) Additional Director General Military Operations – ADGMO (B) Additional Director General Information Warfare – ADGIW
Director General Military Intelligence – DGMI
STRATEGIC DIALOGUES/TALKS/ NEGOTIATIONS
n 11 January: Afghan President Hamid Karzai and US President Barack Obama summit in Washington. Overall review of US-Afghanistan relations and status of US troops post-2014 discussed.
n 26 March: India and Japan 7th Strategic Dialogue in Tokyo. Significance of India-Japan strategic relations reaffirmed.
Lt General Om Prakash QMG (***)
CALENDAR OF EVENTS ASIA-PACIFIC REGION (JANUARY 1, 2013 TO FEBRUARY 28, 2014)
Lt General Sanjeev Anand AG (***)
Compiled by SP Guide Publications team (As on March 25, 2014)
Regional Equations Analysed
Lt General Shakti Gurung MS (***)
Who’S Who in aSian Defence forceS
Abbreviations & Index at the end of the book
Lt General C.A. Krishnan DCOAS P&S (***)
Lt General J.P. Nehra DCOAS IS&T (***)
CONCEPTS & PERSPECTIVES
Lt General Dalbir Singh VCOAS (***)
Unique Compendium of India’s Who’s Who
General Bikram Singh COAS (****)
ASIAN WHO’S WHO
organisation of the indian army Headquarters
tHe inDian arMy
WEAPONS EQUIPMENT VEHICLES
Concepts from the Finest Minds
manufacturers around the globe to advertise their product and attract potential buyers.
n 30 April: US-South Korea Ex Foal Eagle ends.
n 8 April: Defence Minister A.K. Antony inaugurated the Army Commanders Conference in New Delhi. n 16 April: Air Force Commanders, Conference inaugurated in Delhi by Defence Minister A.K. Antony.
MAY 2013 n 14 May: Defence Minister A.K. Antony inaugurates Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard Conference.
OCTOBER 2013 n 3-5 October: 32nd Annual Coast Guard Commanders Conference inaugurated in Delhi. The conference will assist the Coast Guard Commanders introspect the myriad challenges confronting the service in the maritime domain. n 21-26 October: Army Commanders Conference in Delhi. Review of annual defence and security.
MAY 2013 n 6-22 May: International Air Exercise Peace Falcons-2013 in Taif, Saudi Arabia, in which RSAF, TuAF and PAF participated at King Fahd Air Base, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
n 22-25 October: Second biannual Air Force Commanders Conference for the year 2013 held at Air Headquarters. IAF chose Aircraft and Systems Maintenance and Operational and training issues as its theme.
n 17 July: Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) headed by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh approves the long-pending proposal of the Army to create its first Mountain Strike Corps (MSC) meant for offensive operations across China border.
AUGUST 2013 n 13-14 August: Explosions and fire onboard Indian Navy submarine INS Sindhurakshak in the intervening night of 13/14 August, 2013. Submarine berthed at the Naval Dockyard, Mumbai. n 26 August: Seventy former Maoist combatants selected for the post of cadet officers conferred the insignia of Nepal Army ranks, bringing an end to the final phase of integration process.
NOVEMBER 2013 n 5 November: A court in Bangladesh sentenced 152 former border guards to death for the 2009 border guard mutiny in which 74 people, including 57 military commanders, were killed. Complied by SP’s Team
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Why SP’s Military Yearbook
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DGs (Quality Assurance), Commandants of Defence Institutions
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South East Asia
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Comprehensive Editorial Structure Duly Complimented by Section Separators CONCEPTS & PERSPECTIVES Extensive discussions on strategic postures, current affairs, geo-strategic issues. TECHNOLOGY In-depth coverage of the latest advancements in equipment and hardware. BUSINESS • L atest trends in the modernisation of the armed forces, military industry, procurement systems and contracts. • Comprehensive listing of Global Contracts INDIAN DEFENCE Exclusive and authentic reference on
India, including up-to-date organisational structures, present status and future plans of: • The Army, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard along with armament specifications • Listings of MoD contacts • L istings of R&D establishments plus defence industries, their products and contacts and • L atest information on all the key authorities under Who’s Who of Indian Defence • Indian Homeland Security - various updates including up-to-date organisational structures, present status and future plans, • Who’s Who in India’s Home Affairs Ministry
new & Improved SP’s Military Yearbook is unique in its content. We have introduced mission critical information for the military fraternity. Key highlights • A whole new chapter added with Ministry of Defence organisation charts and contacts of 13 prominent countries in Asia that are also major arms buyers, which would interest the business community;
REGIONAL BALANCE Indispensable information on security environment, budget, economy and various other relevant fields covering the following regions: • Central and S. Asia • East Asia including the Pacific Rim and Australia and • West Asia and North Africa • Equipment & Hardware Technical specs • Complete official MoD structures with important positions
•A n Exclusive and Exhaustive Interview with Ministry of Defence, India giving interesting inputs for all those interested in working with the Indian armed forces; • Interviews of the Chiefs of the Indian Army, the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force; • Perspectives from former Service Chiefs; • New guidelines on Defence Procurement Procedure 2016, Defence Offsets promulgated in 2016 and the ‘Make’ Procedure 2016.
Presence Initiatives SP Guide Publications has been relentlessly working towards enhancing the scope of its reach. SP’s has been working with leading global show organisers ensuring highly visible presence at all these top platforms. Back home, SP’s has been very active by taking up the top-level partnership with Indian Government’s official events like Aero India and Defexpo that are in the spotlight due to their massive scale and scope. As a result of such initiatives, SP’s Military Yearbook has naturally garnered great level of recognitions and momentum.
Editorial Team Editor-in-Chief & Publisher: Jayant Baranwal Editorial Board Lt General (Retd) V.K. Kapoor Lt General (Retd) Naresh Chand Lt General (Retd) P.C. Katoch Air Marshal (Retd) B.K. Pandey Real Admiral (Retd) Sushil Ramsay SENIOR CONTRIBUTORS General (Retd) V.P. Malik Admiral (Retd) Sureesh Mehta Air Chief Marshal (Retd) P.V. Naik
CONTRIBUTORS Lt General V.K. Saxena Lt General (Retd) B.S. Pawar Vice Admiral (Retd) Dilip Deshpande Commodore (Retd) Sujeet Samaddar Maj General (Retd) Mrinal Suman Ambassador Smita Purushottam Ambassador (Retd) Ranjit Gupta Ambassador (Retd) Kanwal Sibal
“SP Guide Publications over the years has created a niche for itself on matters relating to aviation, defence and security among the stakeholders. I convey my best wishes to the Chairman and Editorial Board for their sincere endeavours and wish them all success.” —Arun Jaitley, Minister of Finance & Former Minister of Defence
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