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COUNTRIES OF THE EU PREPARED BY

SPEAKING CAN BE FUN! PROJECT TEAM


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN! Project, 2020

This book designed by Magdalena Kijek Berrin BacaksÄąz Neslihan Bozgeyik Fadile Efser Neci


As 25 partners from different schools and from 7 different countries, we came together and decided to start this project to create some Speaking Activities. We wanted to show our students that speaking can be fun.

In this project students worked collaboratively. They communicated to each other and made, prepared, created The Final Products of the project through the guidance of their teachers. This book is one of them.

We thought that if we run an eTwinning Project, our students need to get information about all European Union Countries, and decided to work on this book.

The founders of the Project, Fadile Efser Neci and Deniz AkĹ&#x;amoÄ&#x;lu, were responsible for 2 countries, other partners were responsible for one. By this way we gave information about 27 EU Countries.

While creating this book, both our students and we as teachers learned new things. We hope you enjoy reading our book.


From AZERBAIJAN • Aliya Aghayeva - Tefekkur lisei, Sumgayit From CROATIA • Petra Brnabić Ulemek - Srednja škola Markantuna de Dominisa Rab, Rab, From GREECE • Evangelia Mika - 1st Geniko Lykeio of Edessa "Nikolaos Oikonomidis", Edessa • Maria Kiouzepi - ΕΣΠΕΡΙΝΟ ΕΠΑΛ ΓΙΑΝΝΙΤΣΩΝ, Giannitsa From MOLDOVA • Anastasia Malcoci - Gimnaziul Viişoara, R-Ul Ştefan Vodă From POLAND • Magdalena Kijek - Zesp.ł Szk.ł im. Leokadii Bergerowej w Płocku, Płock From SPAIN • Esther Cano - Obra Diocesana Santo Domingo de Silos From TURKEY • Fadile Efser Neci – TOBB Fen Lisesi, Gaziantep • Deniz Akşamoğlu – Osmangazi Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Berna Elmacı – Dumlupınar Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Berrin Bacaksız – Sabahattin Zaim Sosyal Bilimler Lisesi, Gaziantep • Çiğdem Baydar - Özel Erdem Koleji, Gaziantep • Ediz Türkoğlu - Gaziantep Uğur Okulları, Gaziantep • Fatma Koluman – İMKB Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Merve Anul Kayış - Gaziantep Kolej Vakfı, Gaziantep • Neslihan Bozgeyik - Şahinbey Belediyesi Mehmet Emin Er Kız Anadolu İmam Hatip Lisesi, Gaziantep • Seda Katipoğlu - İl Genel Meclisi Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Sevil Kurt - Mimar Sinan Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Şakir Adıgüzel - Şehitkamil Belediyesi Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Şirin Özkirişçi - İnci Konukoğlu Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Tekin Bursal - Cumhuriyet Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Tuba Bozoğlu - Güneykent Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Tuğba Altunöz - Fitnat Nuri Tekerekoğlu Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Zekiye Sevinç Topuz – Hasan Ali Yücel Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep • Zeliha Hartoğlu - Atatürk Anadolu Lisesi, Gaziantep


GENERAL INFORMATION


THE CULTURE OF AUSTRIA


FESTIVALS IN AUSTRIA


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

https://thetravelertwins.com/what-is-austria-famous-for/ https://www.austria.info/en/things-to-do/cities-andculture/music/festivals https://worldinsidepictures.com/10-top-tourist-attractions-in-austria/ https://www.scholaro.com/pro/Countries/Austria/Education-System http://www.localhistories.org/austriatime.html http://www.localhistories.org/austria.html


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

Prepared By :

Project ID: 202419

Ä°l Genel Meclisi Anatolian High SchoolGaziantep/Turkey


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Dutch,French, German

CURRENCY: Euro

HISTORY OF BELGIUM

CAPITAL CITY: Brussels

Frederik van Lotharingen elected as 1st Belgium Pope Stephen I-1057 Belgium is conquered by France-1795 Belgium revolts against Netherlands and begins the Belgian Revolution-1830 Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg form Benelux Economic Union to promote free movement of workers, goods and services in the region.1958 Euro replaces Belgian franc-2002

BELGIUM

POPULATION: 11,457,000

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: Netherlands, Germany, France,Luxembourg, United Kingdom

IS FAMOUS FOR: Chocolate,beers, baked goods


THE CULTURE OF BELGIUM

Chocolate

Beers

Waffles

Pastries and Baked Goods

CUISINE OF BELGIUM

Belgian fries


FESTIVALS IN BELGIUM

Feast of Saint Nicholas

Carnival of Binche

Begun in the early 13th century , is observed on the 6th of December or on the eve of the 5th of December . Boys traditionally dress as bishops and begged alms for the poor.

Its history dates back to approximately the 14th century.. It takes place each year in the Belgian town of Binche during the Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday preceding Wednesday.

New Year

Christmas

New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December. In many countries and Belgium, New Year's Eve is celebrated at evening parties, where many people dance, eat, drink, and watch or light fireworks.

Traditionally, the Grand Place in the centre of Brussels hosts a real Christmas tree each year, taken from the Ardennes forest. The normal height for these trees is around 20 metres (66 ft) high. The Grand Place itself dates from the 17th century and has played host to a Christmas market each year since 2000


4. Ghent's Gravensteen and Old Town

5. Horta Museum and Town Houses


EDUCATION SYSTEM

Freedom of education is a constitutional guarantee in Belgium, but conflicts between public and confessional (i.e., Roman Catholic) schools date almost to the founding of the kingdom and remain a delicate problem within the social fabric. A dual system of state-run schools and religious “free” schools (the latter are nearly all Roman Catholic) exists on the primary and secondary levels, with the “free” schools subsidized by the state to compensate for the abolition of fees in 1958. The language of instruction is either French, Flemish, or German, depending on the region. Secondary schools are graded into two types, one that is staffed by graduates from teachers colleges and offers technical and vocational education and another that is staffed by university graduates and offers either a classical or a modern curriculum.


SOURCES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Belgium https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnival_of_Binche https://www.britannica.com/place/Belgium https://www.reference.com https://www.planetware.com


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

Prepared By : Şahinbey Belediyesi Mehmet Emin Er Kız AİHL,Gaziantep Turkey MER KAİHL

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

CURRENCY:

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: BULGARIAN

BULGARIAN LEV (BGN)

HISTORY OF BULGARIA:

BCE 185: Romans invaded the region CAPITAL CITY: SOPHIA

476: Roman Empire divided into two 681: Bulgarian Kingdom was founded

POPULATION: 7.364.570

867: The Byzantine Empire took over the kingdom 1908: Declaring independence of Bulgaria from Ottoman Empire 2007: Became a full member of European Union

BULGARIA IS FAMOUS FOR: MUSALA MOUNTAIN, ROSE FESTIVALS, ALEKSANDROVSKA STREET

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: SIRBIA,MACEDONIA, GREECE,ROMANIA, TURKEY


THE CULTURE OF

BULGARIA

KING OF GRILL:KEBAPCHE

BAKED EXTRAVAGANZA

BAKED SANDWICH ROYALTY: PRINTSESA

GODNESS WITH GODNESS ON TOP MUSAKA

CUISINE OF BULGARIA

CLOUDY WITH A CHANCE OF MEATBALLS: KYUFTE

DRAGON’S BREATHE: SHKEMBE CHORBA


FESTIVALS IN BULGARIA

FESTIVAL of ROSES

HUMOUR CARNAVAL The carnaval in Gabrano is held on every 3rd Saturday of May and it is basically a parade.

The festival has been organized annually since 1903 in Kazanlak. It celebrates Bulgaria’s deep connection to Rosa Damescana(oil bearing rose)

FIRE DANCING FESTIVAL

CHERRY FESTIVAL

Festival is dedicated to May 21- St. Constantine and Elena Day which is also a day of fire dancers.It icludes the biggest fire dance, a rich folklore programme, a market and a folk Show.

WRONGFEST

WAKE UP OPEN AIR FESTIVAL


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral

Krushana Waterfalls

Budluzha Monument

Tharacian Tomb of Sveshtari


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

https://www.touropia.com/tourist-attractions-in-bulgaria/ https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgaristan_tarihi http://www.fulbright.bg/en/educational-services/education-usa-advising/educational-services-for-visiting-us%20schools/educational-system-of-bulgaria/#prettyPhoto https://traveltriangle.com/blog/festivals-in-bulgaria/


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN! CROATIA

Prepared By :

Project ID: 202419

GAZÄ°ANTEP KOLEJ VAKFI OKULLARI Gaziantep, TURKEY


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE:

CURRENCY:

CROATIAN KUNA (HUF)

CROATIAN

HISTORY OF CROATIA:

CAPITAL CITY: ZAGREB

CROATIA IS FAMOUS FOR: NATURAL WONDERS, THE BEST SUNSET IN THE WORLD, WORLD HERITAGE ITEMS

1847- The Croatian parliment abolishes feudalism. It also makes Croatian the official language. 1848- Revolution rocks the Austro-Hungarian Empire but it fails. OCTOBER 1918- With the end of First World War Austro-Hungarian Empire breaks up. Croatia becomes independent. 1941- The Germans invade Yugoslavia. 1992- The EU recognizes Croatian independence. 2009- Croatia joins NATO.

POPULATION: 4.076.246,-

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: SLOVENIA, HUNGARY, SERBIA, MONTENEGRO, BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA


THE CULTURE OF CROATIA

CUISINE OF CROATIA


FESTIVALS IN CROATIA


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

https://www.123rf.com/photo_122606655_stock-vector-colorful-croatia-political-mapwith-clearly-labeled-separated-layers-vector-illustration-.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatia https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/croatia_map.htm https://www.google.com/travel/things-to-do/see-all https://www.roughguides.com/destinations/europe/croatia/festivals/ https://traveltriangle.com/blog/croatian-food/ http://www.localhistories.org/croatiatime.html https://www.scholaro.com/pro/countries/Croatia/Education-System


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

CYPRUS

Prepared By : Tefekkur Liceuum , Sumgayit, Azerbaijan

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

CURRENCY:

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Greek and Turkish Gre

Euro (EUR)

HISTORY OF CYPRUS

POPULATION : 1.205.433,

CAPITAL CITY:

Nicosia

CYPRUS IS FAMOUS FOR:

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: Greece,Turkey, Lebanon,Syria, Israel and Egypt

BEACHES, PARTIES, CHEESE


THE CULTURE OF CYPRUS

CUISINE OF CYPRUS

HALLOMI Halloumi is probably Cyprus’ most famous product, with its popularity extending to many countries throughout Europe and the Middle East. Distinguishable by its mild salty flavour and rubbery texture, the delicacy has become a favourite for chefs across the globe, appearing in dishes as diverse as lamb roast and halloumi fries.

DOLMA


FESTIVALS IN CYPRUS


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

Scholars believe that the ancient city of Kourion was founded around the 13th century B.C., but it’s the 5thcentury Greco-Roman ruins that most attract visitors to the archeological site near the city of Limassol. Perched on a hill overlooking Episkopi Bay, the tumbled homes, temples and public buildings of the Kourion complex make it easy to imagine what life was like on Cyprus two thousand years ago. Standout sites include the remains of Roman baths, an open Agoura, a temple to Apollo and an amphitheater where classical plays are still performed today.

With artifacts dating back to the Prehistoric Era, the Kato Paphos Archaeological Park located in the southwestern city of Paphos is an archeological treasure trove of ancient monuments, villas and underground tombs. The most impressive sites include Roman villas built around the 3rd century A.D. The ancient homes are named after their preserved mosaic floors, which feature pictorial narratives of Greek and Roman mythology.

Spread over the top of a rocky crag near the city of Girne off the northern coast of Cyprus, St. Hilarion Castle is the best preserved of the island’s 11th- century fortifications. Originally a monastery, the fortress gets its name from a local ascetic and hermit known as Hilarion, who attracted a group of devout followers during the 4th century. A 20minute hike from Girne takes visitors up past the castle’s stables and soldiers’ quarters to the royal residence and church


EDUCATION SYSTEM

Education in Cyprus is overseen by the Ministry of Education and Culture. The education system is divided into pre-primary education (ages 3–6), primary education (ages 6–12), secondary education (ages 12–18) and higher education (ages 18+). Full-time education is compulsory for all children aged between 5 and 15. State-provided schooling including higher education is paid for by taxes. There is also a parallel system of accredited independent schooling, and parents may choose to educate their children by any suitable means. Private school and university fees are not usually covered by the state. Higher education often begins with a four-year bachelor's degree. Postgraduate degrees include master's degrees, either taught or by research, and the doctorate, a research degree that usually takes at least three years. Universities require accreditation in order to issue degrees.


SOURCES

https://www.touropia.com/tourist-attractions-in-cyprus/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Cyprus https://theculturetrip.com/europe/cyprus/articles/the-10-best-foo ds-incyprus/ https://theculturetrip.com/europe/cyprus/articles/the-10-best-foo ds-incyprus/


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

CZECH REPUBLIC

Prepared By : TOBB Science High School, Gaziantep, TURKEY

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

CURRENCY:

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE:

CZECH KORUNA (CZK)

CZECH

HISTORY OF CZECH REPUBLIC: 1918

CAPITAL CITY:

PRAGUE

= LAST HABSBURG EMPEROR OVERTHROWN 1939-1945 = MUNICH PACT, WORLD WAR 2 1993 = CZECHOSLOVAKIA SPLIT INTO 2 INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES, CZECH REPUBLIC AND SLOVAKIA 1995 = RADIO LIBERTY RELOCATED FRIM MUNICH TO PRAGUE 1997 = NATO ISSUED FORMAL INVITATIONS TO CZECH REPUBLIC 1998 = NEGOTIATIONS TO JOIN THE EUROPEAN UNION BEGAN 2000-… = CZECH REPUBLIC BECAME FULL MEMBER OF NATO AND THE MEMBER OF EU

CZECH REPUBLIC IS FAMOUS FOR:

POPULATION:

10,65 MILLION

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: SLOVAKIA, GERMANY, AUSTRIA, HUNGARY, POLAND.

NATURE, MOUNTAINS, CASTLES, GARDENS, PARKS, BOHEMIA CRYSTAL, PUPPETRY, CZECH GARNET


THE CULTURE OF CZECH REPUBLIC

CUISINE OF CZECH REPUBLIC


FESTIVALS IN CZECH REPUBLIC

FESTIVAL – II

FESTIVAL – I

FESTIVAL – III

FESTIVAL – IV

FESTIVAL – VI

FESTIVAL – V


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

https://www.knightontrip.com/blog/7-best-places-to-visit-in-czechrepublic/?gclid=Cj0KCQjw4dr0BRCxARIsAKUNjWTUGqxhaIXnXsK854CA MSNI2NK0iBhLgZp4PjHK7rpDPW8F2ejVqwcaAoNSEALw_wcB https://www.britannica.com/place/Czech-Republic https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17220571 https://lets-travel-more.com/10-things-czech-republic-is-famous-for/10/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemian_glass https://www.czechtourism.com/c/unesco-puppetry/ https://www.prague-guide.co.uk/czech-garnet/ https://blog.northernhikes.com/579/best-mountains-czech-republic-and-nearprague/ https://www.roadaffair.com/best-castles-in-the-czech-republic/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hrub%C3%A1_Sk%C3%A1la https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C5%A0umava_National_Park https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karlovy_Vary https://www.tripadvisor.com.tr/Attraction_Review-g1071617-d1491708Reviews-Hruba_Skala_Rock_City-Turnov_Liberec_Region_Bohemia.html https://www.harikalardiyari.com/prag-kalesi-hakkinda-bilgi/ https://www.prague.eu/en/object/places/188/old-town-hall-with-astronomicalclock-staromestska-radnice-s-orlojem https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prague_astronomical_clock https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Town_(Prague) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Bridge https://www.bonappetour.com/blog/must-try-food-in-prague/ https://traveltriangle.com/blog/festivals-in-czech-republic/ http://mavoieproeurope.onisep.fr/en/initial-vocational-education-and-trainingin-europe/czech-republic/ https://www.slideshare.net/jp.proenca/the-czech-republic-educational-system


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

Prepared

Project ID: 202419

by

:

Leokadia Bergerowa High School in Płock / Poland

……..


GENERAL INFORMATION


THE CULTURE OF DENMARK

Smørrebrød is a traditional Scandinavian open-faced sandwich that usually consists of a piece of buttered rye bread , a dense, dark brown bread, topped with commercial or homemade cold cuts, pieces of meat or fish, cheese or spreads, and garnishes.

Frikadelle are flat, pan-fried meatballs of minced meat,are extremely popular for both mealtimes and picnics because they’re equally delicious either hot or cold!

CUISINE OF DENMARK

Stegt flæsk med persillesovs og kartoffler - often considered as the national dish of Denmark. It is basically crispy pork with parsley sauce and potatoes.


FESTIVALS IN DENMARK

FESTIVAL - II

FESTIVAL - I The Rock Festival in Roskilde is the country’s biggest public event and one of the most popular Denmark festivals. Over 80,000 people gravitate to the region, with over 170 domestic and global bands headlining the event.

Aarhus Festuge , Aarhus hosts the biggest yearly festival in the world which is one of the grandest and biggest Denmark festivals. Visitors can enjoy a wide variety of attractions and cultural shows, like local bands, dance, documentaries, cultural workshops and delicious cuisine

Where: Aarhus, Denmark When: 28 August to 6 September, 2020

Where: Roskilde, Denmark When: May 1 – May 3, 2020


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

Frederiksborg Palace Situated in the middle of a lake, the impressive Frederiksborg Palace hosts the Museum of National History. The museum has existed on the site since 1878, but the castle itself was constructed during the early part of the 17th century.

Legoland Billund This attraction is especially for the kids. Nonetheless, most adults find something to enjoy at this amusement park too. The miniland display is particularly interesting with its miniature display of many world famous buildings and places, build up of more than 50 million LEGO bricks.

Park of Music Since 1987 when Sir Cliff Richard planted the first tree in Kildeparken, the beautiful park in the heart of Aalborg, 90 nationally and internationally-renowned artists followed. Each tree plays the artist’s music who planted it, and now, the park is filled with the sounds of Bob Dylan, Leonard Cohen, Sting, and Elton John among others.


EDUCATION SYSTEM

Pre school : Ages 3-7 Primary: 7-15/16 Secondary education (lower) or Junior High 1215. Senior High 16-18

Vocational 1516

Tertiary 3-6 years Ma 2 years

Post Doc 3-8 years


SOURCES

https://fajnepodroze.pl/ciekawostki-o-danii/

https://encyklopedia.pwn.pl/haslo/Dania-Historia;4573980.html

https://www.touropia.com/tourist-attractions-in-denmark/

https://theculturetrip.com/europe/denmark/articles/20-unmissable-attractions-in-denmark/

https://traveltriangle.com/blog/denmark-festivals/


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

the

Prepared By : Mimar Sinan Anatolian High School

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: ESTONIAN

CURRENCY: EURO

HISTORY OF ESTONIA: 24 February 1918:Estoian has declared its independence.

CAPITAL CITY: TALLINN

22 September 1922: Estonia joined the League of Nations.

POPULATION: 1,326,535

24 April 1938: Konstantin Päts elected president. 17 June 1940: The Red Army occupied Estonia and Latvia. 14 June 1941: Mass deportations by Soviet Union authorities take place in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. 19 July 1955: Estonian Television (ETV) began broadcasting.

ESTONIA IS FAMOUS

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: Russia Finland Sweden Belarus

FOR: Female Population Good Athletes Home of Islands Free Transportation World Haritage Site


THE CULTURE OF ESTONIA

Kiluvõileib

Kohuke

CUISINE OF ESTONIA

Mulgipuder

Kama Desserts

Pirukad

Homemade Bread


FESTIVALS IN ESTONIA

Juu Jaab Festival

Into The Valley Festival

Haapsalu Tchaikovsky Festival

Saaremaa Opera Days

Leigo Lake Music Festival

XXV Viljandi Music Festival


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM

The history of formal education in Estonia dates back to the 13–14th centuries when the first monastic and cathedral schools were founded. The first primer in the Estonian language was published in 1575. The oldest university is the University of Tartu which was established by the Swedish king Gustav II Adolf in 1632. In 1919, university courses were first taught in the Estonian language. Today's education in Estonia is divided into general, vocational and hobby education. The education system is based on four levels which include the pre-school, basic, secondary and higher education.[1] A wide network of schools and supporting educational institutions has been established. The Estonian educational system consists of state, municipal, public and private educational institutions. There are currently 589 schools in Estonia.[2] Academic higher education in Estonia is divided into three levels: bachelor's studies, master's studies, and doctoral studies. In some specialties (basic medical studies, veterinary, pharmacy, dentistry, architect-engineer and a classroom teacher program) the Bachelors and Master's levels are integrated into one unit. Also bakalaureusekraad awarded before or on year 2002 are equivalent to the Master's level degrees awarded after implementing the Bologne Process on 1 September 2002.[3][4] Estonian public universities have significantly more autonomy than applied higher education institutions. In addition to organizing the academic life of the university, universities can create new curricula, establish admission terms and conditions, approve the budget, approve the development plan, elect the rector and make restricted decisions in matters concerning assets.[5] Estonia has a moderate number of public and private universities. The largest public universities are Tartu University, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn University, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonian Academy of Arts, Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre and the largest private university is the International University of Audentes.


SOURCES

https://lets-travel-more.com/?s=Estonia https://www.likealocalguide.com/tallinn https://www.slideshare.net/martlaa/digital-turn-intro2017?next_slideshow=1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Estonia https://www.visitestonia.com/en/what-to-see-and-do https://www.visitestonia.com/en/what-to-see-and-do#historyculture https://www.visitestonia.com/en/what-to-see-and-do#fooddrink-nightlife https://traveltriangle.com/blog/places-to-visit-in-estonia/


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

-THE SNOWCASTLE OF KEMI-

-SUOMENLINNA FORTRESS​This fortress was built in the

​The SnowCastle of Kemi is the biggest snow fort in the world. It is rebuilt every winter with a different architecture in Kemi, Finland.

second half of the 18th century by Sweden on a group of Islands at the entrance of Helsinki. Suomenlinna is a UNESCO-defined World Heritage site and it is a favorite tourist attraction place.


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

FRANCE


GENERAL INFORMATION


THE CULTURE OF FRANCE


FESTIVALS IN SPAIN


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

1.BRATISLAVA The nation’s capital and largest city, Bratislava has many different sides to it, and that is in part what makes it so fascinating to explore. At the historic heart of the city, one can find a magnificent hilltop castle and a range of medieval and Gothic buildings, with some fine Baroque palaces on display. 2.HIGH TATRAS As they are home to the tallest mountains in the country, the High Tatras make for some unforgettable hiking and rock climbing, while in winter, there are loads of great slopes and pistes to ski down. 3.BANSKA STIAVNCIA Banská Štiavnica is a fascinating city to explore. Much of its fabulous wealth derives from the rich mineral deposits that were once found in the ground around the town. The former mining town has a magnificent historic center, with lots of lovely churches, palaces, and museums. 4.LEVOCA Lined with beautiful old townhouses, Levoca’s historic main square certainly is spectacular, with a glorious Gothic church and 15th-century town hall lying at its heart. Levoca is full of incredible historic sights and cultural landmarks, with lots of magnificent architecture scattered around town; you’ll see Baroque, Renaissance, and Gothic features. 5.BARDEJOV With a delightful historic center for you to explore, the well-preserved medieval town of Bardejov is certainly worth a visit if you have the chance; it’s hard to imagine a more picturesque place. Life in the small town revolves around its beautiful marketplace, just as it did all those centuries ago.


EDUCATION SYSTEM

In France, compulsory education is up to the age of 16. PRE-ELEMENTARY LEVEL French schools start education from the age of 2. The group whose age range is 2-6 is Pre-Elementary Level and students in this age group are prepared to start primary school. ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Ecole primaire) 6-11 years old; improves simple literacy and math skills. SECONDARY SCHOOL (Ecole secondarie) 10-14 age group; At this level, using the language very well, obtaining new information and applying logical solutions, observational analysis, writing development, secondary education also prepares students for private high schools and the "Brevet des colleges" exam is taken by students. HIGH SCHOOL (Lycee) is a group between the ages of 15-18. It takes a total of 3 years. Major specialist departments Literature (L), Maths (S), Economics (ES), and Management (G) High schools also prepare for the BACCALAUREAT diploma, this diploma is an advanced level of education required for entry to universities. 
There are many educational institutions in France, public or private. Educational institutions can be grouped into three groups: universities, technical schools and big schools. Schools directly connected to the state, "consulaire" institutions and private institutions connected to the chambers of commerce. Private institutions are schools that do not have links with the state and their education fees are quite high. At schools in France, which has more than 90 public universities, students can find a wide range of education opportunities. University education consists of 3 successive education cycles. The first period is the 2-year general education period, in this circuit general education is given theoretically and a branch of specialization is not chosen. The second period is also a 2-year undergraduate and mastery period. In this period, a branch is chosen or technical diplomas can be obtained. The third period consists of a specialization and doctorate period ranging from 1-6 years. In this period, students make their diplomas that will prepare them for their professional lives according to their branches and take the exam at the end of each academic year in order to pass to a higher formation according to their education period. The purpose of the formations is to facilitate the transition to the profession, especially in professional programs in master programs. The diploma is awarded in the 2nd year. Both French schools and high schools and universities admit foreign students to their schools, but admission requirements are baccalaureate, an international diploma showing diploma information except diplomas and grades. In addition to this, a high school diploma is required. Academic transcripts and essay are translated into French. Students who will apply to graduate programs are required to have completed at least 3 years of university education. The equivalence commissions of some schools may also request their files from the schools they graduated to examine the students' registers. The duration of the doctorate varies between 1-6 years, but the program is based on thesis. Generally, it can be completed in 4 years. An extension period of up to 3 years can be given for the science thesis. Apart from these, there are more than 50 courses in France for students who want to attend only language courses. These programs are applied to the education system according to the students' wishes. There are programs for each level, and students who complete are given various certificates. The most sought after is the DELF (Diplome d'Etudes de Language Française) diploma. French Consulates issue visas for stays of 3 - 6 months or more than 6 months. For sessions exceeding 6 months, a visa is applied within 2 months of entering France. In France, the subjects of study especially for university students can be in the form of internships, assistantships or aupair settlements. Foreign students, who are given a work and temporary residence visa in their 2nd year, can work during the holidays. This permit is valid only from June 1 to October 31, only 3 months, and 15 days during the spring - New Year holidays and cannot be extended


SOURCES

https://kesfetsek.com/fransanin-en-unlu-festivalleri/ https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fransa https://www.eliteworldhotels.com.tr/blog/fransiz-mutfaginin-en-lezzetliyemekleri.22.aspx


TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

1. Berlin's Brandenburg Gate 2. Cologne Cathedral (Kรถlner Dom) 3. The Black Forest 4. The Ultimate Fairytale Castle: Neuschwanstein 5. Miniatur Wunderland and the Historic Port of Hamburg 6. Berlin's Museum Island 7. Sanssouci Park and Palace, Potsdam 8. The Berlin Wall


You’ll find that in Germany, the education system comprises 5 stages:

Early Childhood;

Primary;

Secondary;

Tertiary; and

Continuing.

➔ The Preschool education stage (early childhood) is optional and dedicated to children up to 6 years old. ➔ Primary and secondary education are obligatory stages in Germany which all children must undertake since the age of 6 and until they fulfill 9 years of education at Gymnasium or 10 years for other forms of general schools. ➔ The Secondary education stage begins after primary education and it comprises the lower level, or ​Sekundarstufe​I (ages: 10-15 or 16 and includes grades 5-7 and 9-10, and the upper level, or ​Sekundarstufe​II (ages: 15-16 or 18). ➔ In Germany, the tertiary education stage is dedicated to students who have completed the secondary education stage either in Germany or abroad, which, in turn, allows them to attend higher education classes.


https://welcome-center-germany.com/german-education-system-complete-overview/

https://www.mybucketlistevents.com/german-festivals-bucket-list/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Germany

https://www.wildjunket.com/traditional-german-food-what-to-eat-in-germany/

https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/germany-d.htm


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

GREECE

Prepared By : Ä°MKB Anatolian High School, Gaziantep, TURKEY

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: GREEK

CURRENCY: EURO

HISTORY OF GREECE:

CAPITAL CITY: ATHENS

7000–1100 BC – Prehistoric Greece 1100–146 BC – Ancient Greece 146 BC–324 AD – Roman Greece 324–1453 – Middle Ages 15th century–1821 – Venetian and Ottoman rule 1821–present - Modern Greek nation state

POPULATION: 10,768,477 (2017 estimate)

10,768,477

GREECE IS FAMOUS FOR: GREEK ISLANDS, ACROPOLIS, SANTORINI, GREEK LANGUAGE, GREEK PHILOSOPHERS, GREEK MYTHOLOGY, BIRTHPLACE OF DEMOCRACY, OLYMPIC GAMES, SIRTAKI DANCE

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: ALBANIA, BULGARIA, TURKEY, REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA


THE CULTURE OF GREECE

CUISINE OF GREECE


FESTIVALS IN GREECE

FESTIVAL – II

FESTIVAL - I

FESTIVAL – III

FESTIVAL – IV

FESTIVAL – VI

FESTIVAL – V


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

http://map-greece.blogspot.com/2011/12/greece-map-political-area.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greece https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/greece-political-map.htm https://www.davestravelpages.com/what-is-greece-famous-for/ https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/greece-gr.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Greece https://www.roughguides.com/article/11-greek-foods-you-need-to-try/ https://focusgreece.com/the-best-traditional-festivals-in-greece/ https://cloud2j.edupage.org/cloud/GREEK_EDUCATIONAL_SYSTEM.p df?z%3Ann0puwq6aF%2FfuNolBQbAsT4rC%2BoEobZdOvjcp7%2FKO ZzerIqYAHMdiTLFupF%2FNLBq https://www.slideshare.net/angdim/greek-education-system


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN! HUNGARY

Project ID: 202419

Prepared By : Hasan Ali Yücel Anadolu Lisesi Gaziantep, TURKEY


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE:

CURRENCY:

FORINT (HUF)

HUNGARIAN

HISTORY OF HUNGARY: 895 : The Conquest—Arriving from the East, the Hungarian tribes conquer the Carpathian Basin under Árpád's leadership. . Was a kingdom from AD. 1000 . 1541 – 1686 : Turkish had lived in Hungary for 150 years . 1848 – 1849 : War of Independence against the Habsburg Dynasty . 1918 : Monarchy falls apart. . 1946 : Hungary becomes a republic. . 1989 : The republic is proclaimed .

CAPITAL CITY: BUDAPEST

HUNGARY IS FAMOUS FOR: THERMAL SPAS AND BATHS, PAPRIKA,WINE, INVENTIONS,METR O (SECOND OLDEST IN THE WORLD)

POPULATION:

9.797.561 (2017)

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: AUSTRIA, SLOVAKIA, UKRAINE, ROMANIA, SERBIA, CROATIA, SLOVENIA


THE CULTURE OF HUNGARY

CUISINE OF HUNGARY

Dishes are often flavoured with paprika (ground red peppers), a Hungarian innovation. The paprika powder, obtained from a special type of pepper, is one of the most common spices used in typical Hungarian cuisine.


FESTIVALS IN HUNGARY


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS The Danube

- Buda Castle, Budapest -

Parliament Building, Budapest

Tihany

The Hungarian

Sopron

Open Air Museum

-

Historic SPA Towns

- The Caves of Lillafüred

-

The Buda Hills

-

Esztergom Basilica

- Hortobágy National Park

-

Aggtelek National Park & Caves


EDUCATION SYSTEM

Education in Hungary is predominantly public, run by the Ministry of Human Resources. Preschool kindergarten education is compulsory and provided for all children between 3 and 6 years old, after which school attendance is also compulsory until age of 16. Primary education usually lasts for eight years. Secondary education includes three traditional types of schools focused on different academic levels: the Gymnasium enrols the most gifted children and prepares students for university studies; the secondary vocational schools for intermediate students lasts four years and the technical school prepares pupils for vocational education and the world of work. The system is partly flexible and bridges exist, graduates from a vocational school can achieve a two years program to have access to vocational higher education for instance. The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) rated 13–14-yearold pupils in Hungary among the bests in the world for maths and science. Most of the Hungarian universities are public institutions, and students traditionally study without fee payment. The general requirement for university is the Matura.( The secondary school exit exam t is taken by young adults (usually aged from 17 to 20) at the end of their secondary education, and generally must be passed in order to apply to a university or other institutions of higher education.)The Hungarian public higher education system includes universities and other higher education institutes, that provide both education curricula and related degrees up to doctoral degree and also contribute to research activities. Health insurance for students is free until the end of their studies.


SOURCES

1)http://studyinhungary.hu/why-hungary/menu/basic-information-about-hungary.html 2)http://www.visegradgroup.eu/basic-facts-about/hungary/brief-history-of-hungary 3)https://theculturetrip.com/europe/hungary/articles/hungary-s-top-10-national-dishes-andwhere-to-find-them/ 4)https://traveltriangle.com/blog/festivals-in-hungary/ 5)https://www.lonelyplanet.com/hungary/planning/hungary-is-known-for/a/nar/5ab374fd5f03-4094-823b-b4bce85e637a/359519 6) https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/hungary-h.htm 7)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Hungary


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

the

Prepared By :

Project ID: 202419

Erdem College (Gazıantep/Turkey


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Irish / English

CAPITAL CITY: DUBLIN

CURRENCY: EURO

HISTORY OF IRELAND:We can see Vikings,ancient people,old and modern English people in the island of Ireland in the history.

IRELAND IS FAMOUS FOR:

POPULATION: 4.757.976

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: England,North Ireland

Cat Laughs Comedy Festival, Cork Jazz Festival, Colcannon, Irish Stew, Galway Races


THE CULTURE OF IRELAND

CUISINE OF IRELAND


FESTIVALS IN IRELAND ST.STEPHEN’S DAY

ST.PATRİCK’S DAY

It called Wren Day too.And some countries think it is continuation of Noel.They do parades all the day.They remember the martyr Christian St.Stephen.

The people of Ireland eats green donuts.They wear green clothes and they dance all the day.They drink twice as much beer than usual.

EASTER MONDAY

They celebrate it after the Easter Sunday.They hide boiled eggs for children to find.

NEW YEAR’S DAY

They celebrate the new year like the other countries of the world.


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

-

İlişki kimliği rId15 olan görüntü yolu dosyada

İlişki kimliği rId15 olan görüntü yolu dosyada


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.researchgate.net%2Ffigure%2FStructure -of-the-Irish-Education-System-DES-2004b-Appendix-1-n-numberof_fig2_271658601&psig=AOvVaw0wR2Hi0cQbpX0NmN2iswO&ust=1586287047060000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CAMQjB1qFwoTCJCyx_LB1Og CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAQ

https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%B0rlanda

https://gezimanya.com/avrupa/irlanda-mutfagi

https://gezimanya.com/irlanda


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

ITALY

Prepared By : UÄ&#x;ur Schools Gaziantep/TURKEY

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: ITALIAN

CAPITAL CITY: ROME

CURRENCY: EURO

HISTORY OF Italy: : Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery.

ITALY IS FAMOUS FOR: Lamborghini and great cuisine

POPULATION: 60 Million

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES; France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia to the north.


THE CULTURE OF ITALY

TIRAMUSU Course: Desert Serving Temperature: Cold Main Ingredients: Savoiardi, egg yolks, mascarpone, cocoa

RAVIOLI Course: Main Serving Temperature: Warm Main Ingredients: Pasta, olive oil, Garlic, egg white

SPAGHETTI Course: Main Serving Temperature: Warm Main Ingredients: Pasta, hot water, salt

CUISINE OF ITALY

PIZZA Course: Main Serving Temperature: Warm Main Ingredients: Sausage, salami, olive, tomato, mushrooms, pepper

TOTELLINI Course: Main Serving Temperature: Warm Main Ingredients: Pasta, mushroom, peanut, olive oil

RISOTTO Course:Snack Serving Tempature:Warm Main Ingredients: Rice, meat, butter‘, onion, white wine, Parmesan Cheese


FESTIVALS IN ITALY VENICE INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL The aim of the Festival is to raise awareness and promote international cinema in all its forms as art, entertainment and as an industry, in a spirit of freedom and dialogue. The Festival also organises retrospectives and tributes to major figures as a contribution towards a better understanding of the history of cinema.

L’ARDIA SAN CONSANTINO Every year in July participants in L’Ardia di San Costantino Festival include riders representing Constantine and the Maxentius, costumed flag men and a fairly believable army doing their best to thwart the efforts of Maxentius. The roles are played by villagers who wait years, even decades, for the privilege. The end is still always a surprise.

Regatta RegattaOn the first Sunday of each September, Venetians celebrate their naval prowess with a colourful procession of traditional boats, rowing boats and gondolas. After the procession, the city’s rowers, young and old, take to the water with a series of races, beginning on the Grand Canal going to the Constitution Bridge and then reversing its course back to Ca’ Foscari.

Carnevale CarnevaleFrom January 27 to February 13, the floating city of Venice is transformed into an extravagant masked ball. The festival, which is believed to have originated in the 12th century, celebrates the anticipation of Lent (a time when Christians abstain from revelry and eating meat). While the opulent masquerade balls require invitations with steep ticket prices, the candlelit parade of boats, concerts and street performances are free and open to the public

Oh Bej! Oh Bej!

FESTIVAL Fiera Internazionale del Tartufo Bianco d’Alba

For centuries, Oh Bej! Oh Bej! (Oh Beautiful! Oh Beautiful!) has signalled the start of Milan’s festive season. The festival, which starts on December 7, recently moved from the Basilica of Sant’Ambrogio to Castello Sforzesco, around which bric-a-brac merchants, artisans, florists, toymakers and sweet sellers gather. Don’t leave without trying the Firunatt, traditional strings of smoked chestnuts.

Going to a truffle fair is a must for foodies visiting Italy. Alba’s white truffle fair and market is one of Italy’s best and takes place every weekend from early October until mid-November. The festival begins with a night of concerts and gastronomic stands, and ends with the truffle world auction and a white truffle walk for tourists. Other destinations include Tuscany, Le Marche, Umbria, Emilia-Romagna and Molise.


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

1.https://prontoitaliaedu.com/italyada-egitim-sistemi/ 2.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy#Prehistory_and_antiquity 3.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy#Ancient_Rome 4.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy#Middle_Ages 5.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy#Early_Modern 6.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy#Italian_Unification 7.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy# 8.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Forum 9.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence_Cathedral 10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colosseum 11. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Marco 12. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trevi_Fountain 13. http://bayaiyi.com/venedik-san-marco-meydani/venedik-san-marco-4958/ 14.https://www.gettyimages.com/photos/lake-garda 15.https://www.tourinrome.com/colosseum-morning-tour/ 16. https://www.booking.com/hotel/it/relais-lavagnini-pucci.tr.html


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

Prepared By : Cumhuriyet Anatolian H.S. / Gaziantep / TURKEY

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: LATVIAN

CURRENCY: EURO

HISTORY OF LATVIA:

CAPITAL CITY: RIGA

3000 BC First settlement on the eastern coast of Baltic Sea. 3000 BC – 900 AD Four distinct Baltic tribes inhabited Latvia: Curonians, Latgalians, Selonians, Semigallians 1700-1721 During the Great Northern War (1700–1721), up to 40 percent of Latvians died from famine and plague. Half the residents of Riga were killed by plague i 21 Agugust 1991 The Republic of Latvia declared the end of the transitional period and restored full independence on 21 August 1991, in the aftermath of the failed Soviet coup attempt 2004 Latvia became a member of the European Union in 2004 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.

POPULATION: 1,919,968

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: Belarus Estonia Russia Lithuania

LATVIA IS FAMOUS FOR: Ice Hockey Forests Riga


THE CULTURE OF LATVIA

CUISINE OF LATVIA


FESTIVALS IN LATVIA


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS Alberta Lela Riga Central Market

St Peter’s Church Turaida Museum Reserve


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

https://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/817/Latvia-EDUCATIONAL-SYSTEM-OVERVIEW.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Latvia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvia#Education_and_science https://www.baltictravelservices.com/index.php?lang=en&dir=latvia&gclid=CjwKCAjw4pT1BRBUEiwAm5QuR8 UrtptG8uOY9pnz6sz3zjCADvvJUGJu_tlcwUJJGu9YDgxdRrNkLBoCSvcQAvD_BwE https://lets-travel-more.com/10-things-latvia-is-famous-for/10/ https://www.baltictravelservices.com/index.php?lang=en&dir=latvia&gclid=CjwKCAjw4pT1BRBUEiwAm5QuR8 UrtptG8uOY9pnz6sz3zjCADvvJUGJu_tlcwUJJGu9YDgxdRrNkLBoCSvcQAvD_BwE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Latvia https://www.google.com/search?q=latvia%20map&tbm=isch&tbs=isz%3Al&client=firefox-bd&hl=en&ved=0CAEQpwVqFwoTCICek5TzhekCFQAAAAAdAAAAABAI&biw=1903&bih=958#imgrc=zHIlz1EA1xNu rM https://eatyourworld.com/blog/the-8-foods-you-must-try-in-riga-latvia/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvian_cuisine https://www.tripsavvy.com/foods-to-try-in-riga-latvian-cuisine-4154007 https://traveltriangle.com/blog/latvia-festivals/ https://www.latvia.travel/en/article/top-10-attractions-latvia https://www.lonelyplanet.com/latvia/attractions/a/poi-sig/360092 https://www.liepu.lv/en/30/latvian-education-system


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

the

Project ID: 202419

Prepared By

Srednja Å¡kola Markantuna

de Dominisa Rab, Croatia


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Lithuanian

CAPITAL CITY: Vilnius

CURRENCY: Euro

HISTORY OF LITHUANIA: - Grand Duchy of Lithuania (until 1569) - Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569-1795) - The rule of Russian Empire in Lithuania (1795-1918) - First Independent Country of Lithuania (1918-1940) - Soviet Occupation of Lithuania (19441990) - Restored Independent Lithuania (1990)

LITHUANIA IS FAMOUS FOR: Internet connectivity, Capelinai, Official scent, The Stelmuze Oak, Old town of Vilnus

POPULATION: 2.7 million

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: Latvia,Russia, Belarus and Poland


THE CULTURE OF LITHUANIA

CAPELINAI:

BARLEY:

RYE: KEPTA DUONA:

THE CUISINE OF LITHUANIA

Some Other Lithuanian Dishes

Beetroot Soup (Burokėlių Sriuba) Chilled Borscht (Saltibarsciai) Fried Curd Cakes Potato Pancakes Kibinai Kugelis Raguolis or Sakotis

GRYBUHAI :


FESTIVALS IN LITHUANIA

PALANGA SMELT FESTIVAL

THE LITHUANIAN SONG FESTIVAL

This unusual festival is dedicated to the livelihood of a small coastal city in Palanga. It is also known as the Fisherman Festival. The festival starts on the 13th February.

Also called The Song Celebration, it’s a massive traditional song and dance festival. The most recent event took place between 30 June and & July 2018 in the cities Kaunas and Vilnius.

STREET MUSIC DAY

TRAKAI MIDDLE AGE FESTIVAL

In this new tradition created by Lithuanians, all the musicians are encouraged to perform for free in the streets. İt takes place in Vilnius in May

A festival organised by the Trakai Historical Museum that aims at reconstructing the medieval town. İt takes place on the 15th of June, on the territory of the Peninsular Castle.

TRAKAI MIDDLE AGE FESTIVAL

PALANGA SMELT FESTIVAL


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

VILNUS OLD TOWN

HILL OF CROSSES

THE VILNIUS CATHEDRAL

NERINGA

KAUNAS


EDUCATION SYSTEM

Preschool: provided for children from 1 to 6 years of age

Primary: children who have reached the age of 7

Secondary education (lower) or (upper): age 17, 18

Junior High

Senior High

Vacational (age 14-15)

Tertiary education can be divided into university and college

Masters

Post Doc - lasts 3 to 4 years


SOURCES

https://www.thecrazytourist.com/25-best-things-lithuania/ https://www.lonelyplanet.com/lithuania https://www.britannica.com/ http://trakai-visit.lt/en/renginys/medieval-festival-in-trakai-island-castle/ http://www.truelithuania.com/top-10-lithuanian-festivals-9197 https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-is-the-currency-of-lithuania.html https://globalstorybook.org/10-interesting-facts-lithuania/ https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-is-the-capital-of-lithuania.html https://www.renkuosilietuva.lt/en/neighbor-countries/ https://www.enciklopedija.hr/natuknica.aspx?id=36855 https://theculturetrip.com/europe/lithuania/articles/top-9-things-lithuanians-aremost-proud-of/ http://www.truelithuania.com/topics/history-and-politics-of-lithuania/history-oflithuaniahttp://www.truelithuania.com/tag/russian-language-in-lithuania https://www.ceebd.co.uk/ceeed/un/li/lithuaco.htm https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Lithuania https://www.smm.lt/mobile/web/en/


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

LUXEMBOURG

Prepared By :

Project ID: 202419

(Gimnasium Viișoara, R. of Moldova)


GENERAL INFORMATION

Offıcıal languages: Luxembourgish, French, German

Currency: EURO

HISTORY OF LUXEMBOURG:

Capıtal Cıty: Luxembourg Cıty

Luxembourg has come under the control of many states and ruling houses in its long history, but it has been a separate, if not always autonomous, political unit since the 10th century. The ancient Saxon name of its capital city, Lucilinburhuc (“Little Fortress”), symbolized its strategic position as “the Gibraltar of the north,” astride a major military route linking Germanic and Frankish territories.

Luxembourg ıs famous for the wide range of castles and palaces that litter the entire place around.

Populatıon: 626,108

Neıghbour Countrıes: Belgium, Germany and France.


THE CULTURE OF LUXEMBOURG

Salaisons Fumées

Judd mat gaardeboune

n Huesenziwwi Träipen

CUISINE OF LUXEMBOURG

Bouneschlupp

F’rell Am Rèisleck


FESTIVALS IN LUXEMBOURG

National Day

Echternach International Festival

On 23 June, the people of Luxembourg have a public holiday to celebrate the Grand Duke’s birthday called National Day, who ruled from 1919 to 1964. There are celebrations across the country, notably Luxembourg City.

The Echternach Music Festival has been held in May and June since 1975 at Echternach in the east of Luxembourg. The festival is a nightly mix of classical music performed in the 18th-century basilica of Saint Willibrord and the Saint Peter and Paul church.

Winter Lights Festival One of the most beautiful of Luxembourg festivals, this Christmas celebration runs through the month of December. The ancient fortifications and cobbled stone streets are decorated with close to over 220 trees, of which a sizeable number are Christmas trees.

Luxembourg Kizomba Festival Organized by KZL, this beautiful festival will see its sixth edition next year. Focussed on the traditional form of Kizomba, the event brings together some of the best dancers, teachers, and musicians (DJs) of Kizomba from all over the world.

Liichtmëssdag Candlemas Day

Luxembourg Light Festival

Very similar to the American tradition of trick-ortreating during Halloween, the Liichtmessdag Candlemas Day is celebrated around the time of the Carnival. On the eve of St. Blaise’s day, children make Luxembourgian lanterns, which they carry to homes around their communes to collect candy from their neighbors.

A warm, glowy festival in the middle of winter is all you need to do away with the blues. Light shows, walking trails, audiovisual installations, and so much more – the festival takes the participants from one iconic piece of architecture in the capital to another.


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS The Old Quarter of Luxembourg City National Museum of History and Art, (There's no better place to begin exploring beautiful Luxembourg City (If you were to judge Luxembourg Luxembourg City than in its historic Old Quarter). City on the quality of its museums - never mind its status

as one of Europe's most historically important cities - it would still rank extremely high on the list of the continent's must-see cities.)

The Bock Casements, Luxembourg City (Luxembourg's Bock cliff, with its fortifications and cannon-loopholes, is where you'll find the entrance to the famous Casemates (Casements du Bock), a 21-kilometer network of underground passages hewn from solid rock).

Grand Ducal Palace, Luxembourg City (A must-see landmark in Luxembourg City, the Grand-Ducal Palace is a gorgeous Renaissance building dating from 1572 that serves as the official residence of the country's reigning monarch, Grand Duke Henri).

The Walls of the Corniche, Luxembourg City (The Place Guillaume II, Luxembourg City spectacular Walls of the Corniche in Luxembourg City have (Luxembourg's Place Guillaume, one of the city's largest been called "the most beautiful balcony in Europe). open spaces, is the former site of a Franciscan convent that has since been converted into a pedestrian zone).


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

https://www.vectorstock.com/royalty-free-vector/grand-duchy-of-luxembourg-map-vector-2879039 https://traveltriangle.com/blog/castles-in-luxembourg/ https://www.britannica.com/place/Luxembourg https://www.tasteatlas.com/most-popular-food-in-luxembourg https://traveltriangle.com/blog/festivals-in-luxembourg/ https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/luxembourg-l.htm


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

Prepared By : Atatürk Anadolu Lisesi Gaziantep – TURKEY

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE:

CURRENCY:

Maltese, English

EURO

HISTORY OF MALTA:

CAPITAL CITY: Valletta

POPULATION: 493,559

MALTA IS FAMOUS FOR: A Stunning Coastline, Diving Hotspots, History, Nature, Comino Island & Blue Lagoon, Capital City Valletta, Cuisine, Maltese Festas, A popular film location

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: Libya, Tunisia, Italy, Greece


THE CULTURE OF MALTA CUISINE OF MALTA


FESTIVALS IN MALTA


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

http://www.maphill.com/malta/simple-maps/silver-style-map/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malta https://www.google.com/search?q=https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FM alta&rlz=1C1OKWM_trTR823TR823&oq=https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwi ki%2FMalta&aqs=chrome..69i58j69i57.5247j0j4&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8 https://www.airmalta.com/blog/malta/top-5-maltese-foods-you-must-try/ https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/malta-m.htm


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

NETHERLANDS

Project ID: 202419

Prepared By :

DUMLUPINAR ANADOLU LİSESİ


GENERAL INFORMATION OF NETHERLANDS

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: DUTCH

CAPITAL CITY: AMSTERDAM

CURRENCY: EURO

HISTORY OF NETHERLANDS: The foundation of Netherlands:29 march 1814 1850-1918 Modernisation: The Industrial Revolution

POPULATION: 17,126,892

World War II and the situation of Netherlands: Germans invaded on 10 May 1940. 1945-2012 Postwar period: affluence and emancipation: 1958-1965 Growing welfare state:

PORTUGAL IS FAMOUS

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: BELGIUM GERMANY LUXEMBURG DENMARK ENGLAND

FOR: Bicycle lands traveler. Tulips Windmills: Dutch Cheese


THE CULTURE (FOODS)OF NETHERLANDS . Stroopwafel: Popular throughout the world, the ‘stroopwafel’ is undoubtedly the most famous and popular pastry from The Netherlands. A ‘stroopwafel’ is a unique kind of cookie. It is a waffle made from baked batter and sliced horizontally. The two thin layers of the waffle are filled with special sweet and sticky syrup (the ‘stroop’) in between. The stiff batter for the waffles is made from butter, flour, yeast, milk, brown sugar and eggs. . Kroket:The Netherlands is not known for its fabulous cuisine. But regarding to snacks, nobody can beat the Dutch! The ‘kroket’ is a deep fried roll with meat ragout inside, covered in breadcrumbs. The common English translation of’ kroket’ is croquette. The original Dutch ‘kroket’ is made from beef or veal, but there are many different flavors like chicken satay. . Patat: The Dutch version of French Fries has many different words: ‘Friet’, ‘Frites’, ‘Patat’ or ‘Vlaamse frieten’. They are thicker than the normal French Fries and invented in the northern part of Belgium. The Dutch really like them especially with a lot of toppings such as mayonnaise, tomato ketchup, curry or peanut sauce. . Poffertjes: A traditional Dutch batter treat is ‘poffertjes’. They look like baby pancakes but much fluffier. They are made with yeast and buckwheat flour and typically served with a lump of butter and powdered sugar. Fresh ‘poffertjes’ are often made at an outdoor stand during winter.


FESTIVALS IN NETHERLANDS New Year’s Dive Scheveningen :Brave, poetic or just crazy, every January 1st the Dutch go out and celebrate the new year by diving into the icy cold waters of over 60 locations around the Netherlands. From freezing lakes to chilly beaches, thousands upon thousands gather from far and wide to brave the sub-zero temperatures in joyous celebration.

International Film Festival Rotterdam: Around the last week of January the International Film Festival takes place in Rotterdam. This unique event puts a firm focus on cutting edge and innovative movie making, highlighting indie flicks and independent filmmakers around the world. It’s a great opportunity to discover some of the world’s biggest upcoming and coming talents, including film-related events, exhibits and performance art.

Holland Flower’s Festival: February sees the Netherlands largest indoor flower fair and market, held in the picturesque Middenmeer. A combination of Dutch artistry and beautiful nature, stunning gardens and inventive flower beds showcase shrubs and bulbs, as well as trees and large cultivation products. The festival continues to be popular, attracting 25,000 visitors every year.


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS OF NETHERLANDS

Amsterdam: Paradiso Club, which is located near the city’s center, is very popular among both tourists and residents. In this club you will find music of different styles. Besides excellent musical accompaniment this club attracts visitors by its richest choice of drinks.

Maastricht: Backstage is a popular night club, which is opened in an old factory. In the club you can hear music of different directions. Here are often organized themed and retro-parties that are popular not only among visitors, but also among locals.

Rotterdam:Las Palmas is a popular dance club, which is located near the city center. Despite the fact that the exterior of the building is not remarkable, its interior decoration deserves the highest praise. Light shows remain one of the most popular entertainments among frequent visitors of the club.


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS OF NETHERLANDS

The Hague:OneFour club is a no less popular entertaining facility. Its visitors can have great rest on a colorful dance floor or spend some nice time at one of the club’s cozy tables. Finally, this is a good place to taste best varieties of the local beer. The club differs by glamorous interior design.

Groningen: To take a passenger seat in a helicopter and look at the city lying below, which seems especially fabulous from this position, be sure to use the offer from Vliegles.info. It should be noted that since the most common type of transport in Groningen is a bicycle, here there are many tours offering to take a bike ride

Delft: Shopping fans should definitely make a visit to shops located near the old factories. This is the place where you can buy best souvenirs - fine porcelain and handmade crafts. You should definitely visit the local flower market, where you can buy a huge bunch of tulips for a modest price. Here you can find most unique


EDUCATION SYSTEM OF NETHERLANDS


EDUCATION SYSTEM OF NETHERLANDS


SOURCES

1)https://yandex.com.tr/search/?text=EDUCAT%C4%B0ON%20SYSTEM%20CHART%20 OF%20NETHERLAND&lr=115767&clid=2255517-213&win=263 2) https://www.ricksteves.com/europe/netherlands/festivals 3) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Netherlands 4) https://www.britannica.com/topic/history-of-the-Netherlands 5) https://www.netherlands-tourism.com/history-of-the-netherlands/ 6)https://yandex.com.tr/gorsel/search?text=history%20of%20the%20netherlands&sty pe=image&lr=115767&source=wiz 7) https://www.mapsofworld.com/netherlands/netherlands-location-map.html 8) http://www.localhistories.org/netherlands.html 9)https://yandex.com.tr/gorsel/search?text=history%20of%20the%20netherlands%20 by%20location&stype=image&lr=115767&source=wiz 10) http://aroundtravels.com//articles-on-netherlands/food-in-the-netherlandsprices-on-food-in-the-netherlands.html 11) https://www.answers.com/Q/Important_events_in_the_Netherlands 12) https://www.expatica.com/nl/about/culture-history/dutch-national-holidays-andother-important-dutch-holidays-2018-103618/


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

the

Project ID: 202419

Prepared By: Gaziantep ÅžEKABEL AL


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Polish

CURRENCY: Zloty

HISTORY OF POLAND:

CAPITAL CITY: Warsaw

Baptism of Poland (966)

POPULATION:

Mongalian Invasion (1241)

Union with Lithuania (1401)

37,856 million

First Partition (1772)

Nazi-Soviet Invasion (1939-1945)

Republic of Poland (1990)

FINLAND IS FAMOUS FOR

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: Germany, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus,Czechia, Slovakia

Picturesque Landscapes European Bizon Oscypek Cheese Pierogi Robert Lewandowski


THE CULTURE OF FINLAND


FESTIVALS IN POLAND


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS Wawel

Warsaw Old Market Place

Bialowieza Forest

Castle

The Gothic castle is home to the only preserved piece of the Polish Crown Jewels, the legendary sword Szczerbiec coronation sword.

Lublin

The Bialowieza Forest is a large remnant of the primeval forests that once covered much of Europe. It is home to around 800 wisent, a protected species of European bison.

The market square features a bronze sculpture of the Warsaw mermaid, the symbol of Poland’s capital.

Tatra National Park

For centuries, Lublin has been a glowing instance of magnanimity with Protestants, Catholics, Jews, Belarusians, Ukrainians, Lithuanians, and other religions and nationalities existing congenially.

By European standards, it is a relatively small national park, covering an area of 211,000 square kilometers. Yet, its Alpine character and rich landscape each year attract a record number of tourists – between 2.5 and 3 million. The Park is a natural habitat of endemic animal species, such as the Tatra chamois, marmot, bear, lynx, wildcat and wolf.

Weliczka Salt Mine

The Wieliczka Salt Mine is actually once-in-a-lifetime feeling that shouldn’t be skipped. Tourists can take a two-hour trip of this subterranean oasis going through complex passages and crystal chambers that seems to lead just into the Earth’s nucleus.


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES 1. https://traveltriangle.com/blog/festivals-in-poland/ 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Festivals_in_Poland 3.https://www.iexplore.com/articles/travelguides/europe/poland/festivals-and-events 4.https://www.touropia.com/best-places-to-visit-in-poland/ 5.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_cuisine 6.https://migrationology.com/best-polish-foods/ 7.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Polish_history 8.https://eurydice.org.pl/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Education-System-inPoland_2017_2018_EN.pdf


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

the

:

Prepared By

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: PORTUGUESE

CAPITAL CITY:LISBON

CURRENCY: EURO

HISTORY OF PORTUGAL:139 BC:The last of the Celtic tribes, the Lusitani, are defeated by the Romans after years of resistance. This marks the total integration of the Iberian peninsula under Roman rule. 13th Century: Lisbon is decleared as the capital of Portugal. 1914: World War I begins – Portugal fights on the side of allied troops. 1939: Portugal’s official stance in World War II is neutral. 1949: Portugal becomes founding member of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization). 1986:Portugal joins the European Union.

PORTUGAL IS FAMOUS

POPULATION: 10.341.330

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: Spain

FOR: Port Wine Pastel De Nata Football and Ronaldo Golf Fado-Portuguese Music


THE CULTURE OF PORTUGAL

BIFANAS

CALDO VERDE

SOPA DE PEDRA

CUISINE OF PORTUGAL

FRANCESINHA

CHICKEN PRI PRI

SARDINES


FESTIVALS IN PORTUGAL

LISBOA DANCE FESTIVAL

IBERIAN MASK FESTIVAL

MADERIA CARNAVAL

NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL FAIR

NOS PRIMAVERA SOUND

PRAIA GRANDE BEACH GAMES


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM

Pre-school education

Pre-school education covers children from 3 years up to the age of compulsory schooling. There is a public and a private network of pre-school education institutions, which are complementary.

Basic education

Basic education lasts for nine years and is divided into three sequential cycles. Each cycle should complete and build up on the previous one, within a global perspective:

Upper secondary education

Secondary education lasts for three years and corresponds to upper secondary education. It is organised into different forms according to different aims, either focusing on access to further studies or preparation for working life. The permeability between these two paths is guaranteed.

Higher education

Portuguese higher education system is a binary system that includes the university and the polytechnic systems. Universities are geared towards offering solid scientific training, gathering the efforts and competences of teaching and research units, while polytechnics focus on vocational and advanced technical training for the world of work.


SOURCES

*https://www.authenticfoodquest.com/popular-portuguese-dishes/ *https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Portugal *https://www.inter.study/o-sistema-de-educacao-de-portugal/ *https://www.worldatlas.com/countries/portugal/timeline.html


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

Project ID: 202419

Prepared By : Santo Domingo de Silos SPAIN


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE:

CURRENCY:

EURO

ROMANIAN

HISTORY OF ROMANIA:

CAPITAL CITY: BUCHAREST

ROMANIA IS FAMOUS FOR: DRACULA’S CASTLE, SIGHISOARA (WORLD HERITAGE SITE BY UNESCO, THE DANUBE

POPULATION:

20.000.000 INHABITANTS

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, UKRAINE, HUNGARY, SERBIA, MOLDOVA


THE CULTURE OF ROMANIA

CUISINE OF ROMANIA


FESTIVALS IN ROMANIA


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

http://www.maphill.com/romania/simple-maps/flag-map/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania https://viajerocasual.com/comidas-tipicas-de-rumania/ https://elaprendizdeviajero.com/delicias-la-gastronomia-rumanatransilvania/ https://www.logitravel.com/guias-de-viajes/fiestas-rumania-248_3.html https://elviajero.elpais.com/elviajero/2017/10/04/actualidad/1507128566_ 647848.html http://www.educacionyfp.gob.es/rumania/dam/jcr:da04dcb6-85a84c78-a523-32d9d4fc79be/panorama-sist-educ-ro.pdf


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

the

Map of the country

Project ID: 202419

Prepared By İnci Konukoğlu High School Gaziantep / TURKEY


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: SLOVAKIAN

CURRENCY: EURO

HISTORY OF SLOVAKIA

5.310.00 0

CAPITAL CITY: BRATISLAVA

POPULATION:

SLOVAKIA IS FAMOUS FOR ITS HIGH TETRA, CAVES ,SPAS and CAR INDUSTRY.

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: POLAND,AUSTRIA, HUNGARY,CZECH REPUBLIC, UKRAINE


THE CULTURE OF SLOVAKIA

CUISINE OF SLOVAKIA

SLOVAKIA CUSINE -

Slovak cuisine is highly influenced by the culinary cultures of its neighbours, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Austria. ‘’Bryndza’’ is a salty cheese that has a strong taste and aroma made with sheep's milk. ‘’Bryndzovehalusky’’ is on the menu of every traditional restaurant. Bryndzovepirohy is a dish made with Bryndza cheese. ‘’Krvavnica’’ (bloody sausage) is a Slovak dish made by chopping all parts of the pork. ‘’Kapustnica’’ is a cabbage soup that is usually eaten at Christmas but is served all year round in restaurants. One of the most famous street food cultures is "lokse". It is often served with pancake fillings made with potatoes (such as duck or foie gras paste, poppy seeds or jam). ‘’Mineral waters’’ are among the best in the world. SOME OTHER FOODS

1.Struklji 2. Potica 3.Kraski Prsut

4.Prekmurska Gibanica 5.Jota 6.Stefani Pecenka

7. Kremna Rezina


FESTIVALS IN SLOVAKIA

FESTIVAL - II

FESTIVAL - I

1.Indrija Lace Festival The idrija festival is dedicated to the traditional craft of lace making and is the largest international event in indrija.

tttt

The Vychodna Folkloric Festival.

Z

FESTIVAL – III Zilina midsummer night Art event-The largest theatre night of Slovakia.

-

-

Slovakia is home to many unorthodox festivals. Ghosts, cheeses and Folklore festival. In the month of May, the international Dixieland musiz festival ‘’DixielandFestival’’ in Banska Bystrica, a culture with the Celtic BeltaneFestival, is celebrated at cerveny Kamen Castle. ‘’Cheese’’ and ‘’Bryndza’’ festival is celebrated in liptovsky Mikulas. Which is one of the most famous festivals ‘’International Festival of Ghosts and Spirits’’ is one of the most popular festivals all over the world. June the month of ‘’Lumens Annual International Music Festival’’ Tranava annual International sacral music festival ‘’MusicaSacral’’ in Nitra ‘’Art Film Festival’’ trenciansk to Teplice and BratislavaDoll Clothes International Folk Festival, celebrated in Poprad.


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

1. Bratislava The nation’s capital and largest city, Bratislava has many different sides to it, and that is in part what makes it so fascinating to explore. At the historic heart of the city, one can find a magnificent hilltop castle and a range of medieval and Gothic buildings, with some fine Baroque palaces on display. 2. High Tatras As they are home to the tallest mountains in the country, the High Tatras make for some unforgettable hiking and rock climbing, while in winter, there are loads of great slopes and pistes to ski down. 3. Banska Stiavnica Banska Stiavnica is a fascinating city to explore. Much of its fabulous wealth derives from the rich mineral deposits that were once found in the ground around the town. The former mining town has a magnificent historic center, with lots of lovely churches, palaces, and museums. 4. Levoca Lined with beautiful old townhouses, Levoca’s historic main square certainly is spectacular, with a glorious Gothic church and 15th-century town hall lying at its heart. Levoca is full of incredible historic sights and cultural landmarks, with lots of magnificent architecture scattered around town; you’ll see Baroque, Renaissance, and Gothic features. 5. Bardejov With a delightful historic center for you to explore, the well-preserved medieval town of Bardejov is certainly worth a visit if you have the chance; it’s hard to imagine a more picturesque place. Life in the small town revolves around its beautiful marketplace, just as it did all those centuries ago.


EDUCATION SYSTEM

Most schools, especially universities, are owned by the state, though since the 1990s there are also church-owned and private schools (see Statistics section).

Slovakia has 10 years of compulsory education.

Students go to school five days a week, from Monday until Friday. Saturdays as school days were cancelled before the 1980s. Summer break is from the 1st of July until the end of August (at universities also in June). Other breaks occur a week around Christmas and Easter, in spring, and on official holidays.

A school year consists of two semesters. The first one ends at the end of January in all schools, the second one before the beginning of the summer holidays (see above). Primary and secondary school students usually have around 6 classes a day (less at the beginning of the education, more later). Classes last for 45 minutes, and there (several short ones and one longer one – the so-called "big break" (or by the students often just "big one")). The state financed education and all textbooks and instructional material below the university level are free (returned at the end of the semester) – in most cases at least. However, there are also private schools which are paid.

Students at standard schools receive marks in almost all subjects. The marks go from 1 (best) to 5 (worst), and may include unofficial intermediary marks such as to assess a single project, test, etc. but never on student's final reports). Compared to western European countries, there is an intrinsic "tradition" of teachers granting students rather more marks at the "good" end of the scale, i.e. more 1s, 2s and 3s than they would receive in western Europe, for example. Students below the university level receive school reports (lists of final marks) at the end of each semester.


SOURCES

• • • • •

https://slovakia.travel/en/about-slovakia/history https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automotive_industry_in_Slovakia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Tatras www.slovakia.com/caves https://theculturetrip.com/europe/slovakia/articles/10-traditional-slovakdishes-you-must-try/


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

the

Map of the Country here

Prepared By : Osmangazi Anatolian …………………… High School ……..

Project ID: 202419

Your School logo


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE:

CURRENCY: Euro

Slovenish

Slovenia HISTORY OF ……….: After the First World War Slovenes joined with Serbs and Croats (1918)

CAPITAL CITY: Ljublijana

Slovenia became part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1943) a wave of political repressions took place in Slovenia (1945-1953)

POPULATION: 2.081 Million

Slovenia became part of a Communist Yugoslavia led by Tito. (1963) Tito died (1980) free elections were held in Slovenia (1990)

Slovenia..IS

FAMOUS

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: Austria Croatia Hungary Italy

FOR: Calzedonia Siddharta My Talking Tom RevOZ SKI JUMPING etc.

Your School logo


Slovenia THE CULTURE OF ………………….

Žganci.

Strukji

Kraski Pursut

Kraski Pursut

Slovenia CUISINE OF ……….

BOGRAC

Prek Mursku

Your School logo


Slovenia FESTIVALS IN ………………

Grossmann Fantastic Film and Wine Festival one of the most unique festivals in Slovenia, takes place in the last

Kurentovanje

FESTIVAL - II

FESTIVAL - I

a festival of spring and fertility, is the most popular Mardi Gras celebration in Slovenia. Since 1961, the festival has taken place every year between Candlemas and Ash Wednesday in the oldest Slovenian town, Ptuj. The festival focuses on Slovenia’s most important folklore character Kurent

week of July in the town Ljutomer. This film festival focuses on are unfortunately often forgotten horror and fantasy movies, which by the mainstream media.

(Is it religious or national ? , when & why is it celebrated? What do people do on this day, how do they celebrate? )

Ana Desetnica International Street Theater Festival.

Mladi Levi

FESTIVAL - III

Each year at the beginning of summer, It takes place on the streets of Ljubljana.Since the festival’s inception in 1998, audiences have enjoyed performances by mimes, magicians, dancers, and theater groups.

Your School logo


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

Your School logo


EDUCATION SYSTEM

Your School logo


SOURCES

http://www.slovenia.info

https://greenhills.si/traditional-slovenian-food/

https://www.euroeducation.net/prof/slnco.htm https://www.euroeducation.net/prof/slnco.htm en.wikipedia.org https://www.slovenia.info https://www.lonelyplanet.com/ https://www.altitude-activities.com/what-is-slovenia-known-for

https://matadornetwork.com/read/traditional-slovenian-dishes/

https://slideplayer.com/slide/6909847/

https://2tm.si/slovenian-education-system/?lang=en

Your School logo


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

SPAIN

Prepared By : TOBB Science High School, Gaziantep, TURKEY

Project ID: 202419


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE:

CURRENCY: EURO

SPANISH

CAPITAL CITY:

MADRID

HISTORY OF SPAIN: B.C. 1100 - ESTABLISHMENT 1492 - CHRISTOPHER COLOMBUS’ EXPLORE 1936 - CIVIL VAR 15th June 1977 - FIRST GENERAL ELECTION 1981 - COUP ATTEMPT 1982 - FIRST ELECTION AFTER THE COUP ATTEMPT 1st January 1986 - ENTERING THE EU AS A FULL MEMBER

POPULATION:

46,66 MILLION

SPAIN IS FAMOUS FOR:

FLAMENCO,

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: FRANCE, MOROCCO, GIBRALTAR, ANDORRA, PORTUGAL

BULLFIGHTING, PICASSO,DALI, GAUDI, LA LIGA, TAPAS, PAELLA


THE CULTURE OF SPAIN

CUISINE OF SPAIN


FESTIVALS IN SPAIN

FESTIVAL – II

FESTIVAL - I

SAN FERMIN (PAMPLONA BULL RUN)

SEMANA SANTA (HOLLY WEEK)

FESTIVAL – III

FESTIVAL – IV

LAS FALLAS (FESTIVAL OF FIRE)

LA FERIA DE ABRIL (APRIL FAIR OF SEVILLE)

FESTIVAL – VI

FESTIVAL – V

LA TOMATINA (TOMATO FIGHT)

LA TOMBORRADA (DRUM FESTIVAL)


TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS


EDUCATION SYSTEM


SOURCES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spain https://www.turkcebilgi.com https://vilafrancavirtual.org/antoni-gaudi-his-personality-and-works/ https://statushomes.com/en/news/top-12-things-spain-is-famous-for-in-the-world/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Liga https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paella https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gazpacho https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patatas_bravas https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapas https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Padr%C3%B3n_peppers https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fideu%C3%A0 https://www.tripsavvy.com/traditional-festivals-in-spain-1644314 https://mimarobot.com/forum/wiki/la-sagrada-familia/ https://tr.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Hamra_Saray%C4%B1 https://gezipgordum.com/park-guell/ https://gezipgordum.com/casa-mila-la-pedrera/ https://tr.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alc%C3%A1zar,_Sevilla https://gezipgordum.com/la-rambla-caddesi/ https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Spain https://www.studying-in-spain.com/spanish-education-system/


SPEAKING CAN BE FUN!

the

Map of the Country here

Prepared By : Osmangazi Anatolian …………………… High School ……..

Project ID: 202419

Your School logo


GENERAL INFORMATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE:

CURRENCY: SWEDISH KRONA

SWEDISH

SWEDEN HISTORY OF ……….: Rule of Magnus IV (1319)

CAPITAL CITY: STOCKHOLM

Stockholm is established (1252)

POPULATION:

Battle of Poltava (1709)

10,12 Million

Establish a single currency called the kroner. (1875) Sweden joins the European Union (1995) The last remaining governmental powers of the Swedish king and queen are removed by a new constitution. (1975)

SWEDEN ..IS

FAMOUS

NEIGHBOUR COUNTRIES: FINLAND

FOR: Spotify ABBA IKEA VOLVO MINECRAFT etc.

NORWAY DENMARK

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SWEDEN THE CULTURE OF ………………….

Sill(Herring)

Köttbullar

Toast Skagen

Wallenbergare

SWEDEN CUISINE OF ……….

Raggmunk Smörgåstårta

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SWEDEN FESTIVALS IN ………………

PEACE AND LOVE FESTIVALS

BRÅVALLA

FESTIVAL - IIfour-day Bråvalla Festival was a Swedish

FESTIVAL - I festival in Peace & Love is the largest music Sweden, known for its humanitarian message, pervasive throughout the event. (Is it religious or national ? , when & why is it celebrated? What do people do on this day, how do they celebrate? )

music festival that was held annually. It was

Sweden's biggest and most popular music festival

WALPURGISNACHT

GOTHENBURG CULTURE FESTIVALS

FESTIVAL - IV

It held on April 30, this nationwide festival celebratesFESTIVAL the coming of spring. During - III the celebration, a massive bonfire is built, and hordes of people dance around it welcoming spring and keeping witches at bay.

Gothenburg Culture Festival (GCF) is one of Scandinavia’s major culture festivals, with in the region of 1 million visitors every year. During the festival, which mainly takes place in the streets of Gothenburg, the city centre is transformed into festival sites, where you as a visitor can enjoy, free of charge, a vast range of cultural experiences: opera, art, music, street performances, craft work, theatre, literature and film.

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TOURISTIC ATTRACTIONS

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EDUCATION SYSTEM

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SOURCES

https://www.ducksters.com/geography/country/sweden_history_timeline.php (Ezra OGAL) http://www.dokumaten.se/Publication/education-work-guidance-insweden/Chapter/3 (Eren OGAL) https://www.google.com/travel/things-to-do? (Nuran OGAL) https://www.sweetsweden.com/tourism-travel-sweden/the-10-mostvisited-tourist-attractions-in (Nuran OGAL)

www.efvet.org (Ezra OGAL)

https://gotoawesomeplaces.com/what-to-see-in-sweden/ (Ezra Ogal)

http://www.oecd.org/ (Eren OGAL

https://foodyoushouldtry.com/28-food-try-sweden/ (Onur OGAL)

http://www.umgasmagazine.com/8-best-swedish-festivals/ (Onur OGAL)

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COUNTRIES OF THE EU by SPEAKING CAN BE FUN! PROJECT  

As 25 partners from different schools and from 7 different countries, we came together and decided to start this project to create some Spea...

COUNTRIES OF THE EU by SPEAKING CAN BE FUN! PROJECT  

As 25 partners from different schools and from 7 different countries, we came together and decided to start this project to create some Spea...

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