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Begin at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering

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DISCOVER YOUR INNER INVENTOR, INNOVATOR AND ENTREPRENEUR Congratulations on being admitted to the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering (or Poly, for short). In a few months I hope to welcome you officially to the class of 2018. Over the past 160 years or so, students have come to Poly and discovered the important role of invention, innovation and entrepreneurship in their education, and the meaning of the “American Dream” (a phrase coined by a Poly alumnus). If you choose to attend Poly, you will not only be able to take advantage of these and the amenities of ‘sizzling’ Brooklyn, but also partake in the academic and social richness of the main campus located just across the river in Greenwich Village, Manhattan. Our merger with NYU has created new cross-disciplinary opportunities between engineering on one hand, and art, business and law, on the other—not to mention science and mathematics. It will also provide you with enriching interactions with students in all disciplines and from all over the globe; and your education will at once be rigorous and broad. Please don’t hesitate to reach out if you have questions that will help you make your decision about the next step in your life. I hope that it will lead you to NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering, Brooklyn, and New York. Sincerely,

Katepalli R. Sreenivasan President and Dean of Engineering at NYU

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HISTORY MADE. “ I never perfected an invention that I did not think about in terms of the service it might give others… I find out what the world needs, then I proceed to invent.” Thomas Edison, 1847–1931


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:



Lunar Module—Class of 1958 In 1962, NASA gave Chief Engineer Thomas Joseph Kelly the challenge of designing and building the Lunar Module (LM) for the Apollo 11 mission. After several experiments, Kelly developed a two-stage design for the LM—one that would descend onto the Moon and another that would ascend back to the Command Module. The upper section was the ascent stage, which contained the crew compartment. The ascent

stage’s Reaction Control System (RCS) provided 3,500 pounds of thrust—enough to launch it into lunar orbit. The lower section was the descent stage, which stored equipment, as well as a rocket engine, landing gear, fuel and oxidizer tanks. On July 20, 1969, Kelly’s LM safely landed Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, Jr. on the surface of the Moon, solidifying the designer’s influential place in history.


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Invention begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:



Zoom Lens—Faculty, Class of 1959 Leonard Bergstein developed the original zoom lens and patented several different variations of his invention. Dr. Bergstein’s approach to the design was done with the help of sophisticated mathematical equations known as Chebyshev polynomials. These equations were

used to develop the proper zoom calibration to enable a photographer to zoom in and focus on an object. Dr. Bergstein’s zoom lens system technology revolutionized photography and film—making zoom lenses standard on almost every camera worldwide.


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Invention begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:



Teflon-Coated Pots and Pans—Class of 1953 Working with DuPont Industries, John Gilbert was asked to research applications for a tough, waxy, nonflammable organic compound— polytetrafluoroethylene. Teflon (as it later came to be known) remains stable over a wide range of temperatures, retains a slippery surface,

and has the potential for multiple uses such as coating cables in high­-rise buildings and protecting fabrics. But it was Gilbert who recognized its potential in the kitchen with his idea for the first non-stick, Teflon-coated pots and pans.


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

Making the world think along these lines


Handheld Barcode Laser Scanner—Class of 1963 and 1969, Class of 1966 and 1971 Doctors Jerome Swartz and Shelly Harrison designed the first handheld laser barcode scanner. Utilizing a photodiode to measure the intensity of reflected light from a laser beam, the scanner could detect specific modulated patterns in a barcode—ultimately transforming international

commerce methods. Today, the handheld laser barcode scanner increases package delivery efficiency, advances tracking capabilities and has helped create the modern inventory system used worldwide.


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Fairchild Semiconductor—Class of 1948 and 1951 Eugene Kleiner made a decision early in his career that would establish him as one of the pioneers of Silicon Valley. He worked at Shockley Labs until there was a disagreement over what material should be placed on computer transistors. Kleiner and his colleagues favored silicon due to its ability to conduct electricity. This led them to leave Shockley and

create their own company, Fairchild Semiconductor. They later received the patent for the integrated circuit that made computers more powerful and sparked the high-tech revolution that continues to this day in Silicon Valley.


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Radar Technology—Faculty During World War II, Dr. Ernst Weber began solving the problems of measuring high-frequency microwaves, essential for the calibration of radar. His research involved the coating of glass tubes with a thin layer of conducting metal, which Weber derived from the ancient skill

of decorating chinaware with gold and silver. Weber’s efforts and production techniques helped the overall development of radar during the war and paved the way for the radar system still widely used today.


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Microwave Technology—Faculty Dr. Ernst Weber was a pioneer in the research and development of microwave technologies. Using the methods he applied to create the radar system we use today, Dr. Weber invented a way to utilize electromagnetic fields, as well as linear and nonlinear circuits, to

harness the power of microwaves for household cooking. His revolutionary process gave birth to the conventional microwave oven— a home appliance that has expedited the time of cooking in kitchens all over the globe.


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Invention begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:



Pacemaker and DC Defibrillator—Faculty, Class of 1956 In 1960, Barouh Berkovits developed a way to revive the human heart when he patented the direct current (DC) defibrillator. Following clinical evaluation, DC shock became the dominant technology for the closed chest termination of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular and atrial fibrillation. Later, Berkovits invented the demand pacemaker, an approach to cardiac stimulation which was eventually adopted or

adapted by all clinical cardiac pacemakers. These technologies became the foundation for all future cardioverter-defibrillators, whether implantable or external for emergency use. His innovative work with pacemakers and the DC defibrillator—vital in emergency rooms to this day—advanced heart-related medical procedures globally.


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Port Engineering Firm, Soros Associates—Class of 1950 As the holder of several patents in material handling and offshore technology, Paul Soros is an influential figure in port development. He has formed comprehensive master plan studies for ports in 26 countries and more than 700 bulk, liquid and general cargo port facilities in over 70 countries. He is the founder and former president of Soros Associates, which is now part of an international engineering firm. The company

introduced a novel approach to building bulk material shipping ports: an elegant, simple concept of handling materials by long conveyor belts that extended thousands of yards offshore to service ships, circumventing the bad weather that can wreak havoc at traditional ports. Today, through the Paul and Daisy Soros Foundation, his philanthropy continues to support the education of immigrant students.


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Mass Production of Penicillin—Class of 1928, Class of 1926 Dr. Jasper Kane and John McKeen are responsible for developing a process to increase the growth of penicillin—an antibiotic that is effective in treating hundreds of diseases. Dr. Kane discovered that “deep fermentation” tanks could be used along with the addition of corn steep liquor—a by-product of corn processing that contains the concentrated nutrients to increase production. He shared his discovery

with Pfizer and began large-scale penicillin production in an old plant in Brooklyn, New York. Soon after, John McKeen converted the plant into the largest facility for manufacturing penicillin in the world. Dr. Kane and John McKeen’s efforts saved the lives of countless soldiers during World War II and revolutionized mass production of medicine.


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NASDAQ Automated Quote System and NYSE Floor Design The faculty members of the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering’s Center for Advanced Technology in Telecommunications (CATT) were instrumental in the ground-breaking development and design of both the NASDAQ Automated Quote System—the first nationwide, real-time, financial trading system­—and its trading floor. The Automated Quote System displays both the highest and lowest bid offers and public

quotes of market, which enables traders to enter and execute orders. The trading floor allows for transparency of trading from all aspects— providing ubiquitous information while keeping traders abreast of trades up to the very second. Both the software and the architecture have made stock trading faster and more efficient through transparency and accessibility.


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Gordon Gould LASER窶認aculty

One of the pioneers of the LASER, Gordon Gould, coined its acronym, which stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. His studies in optical and microwave spectroscopy provided him the background necessary for formulating his original concepts of LASER technology. The idea began in 1957 when Gould realized that one could make an appropriate optical resonator by using two mirrors in the form of a Fabry-Perot interferometer. He predicted that such

an optical resonator in an appropriate laser gain medium and a pump source to excite the particles could heat materials to extremely high temperatures in a fraction of a second. The research he recorded was the first written description for building a LASER and in 1977 he would eventually be awarded a patent. Since then, the technology has evolved significantly, making medical procedures faster and more precise, as well as advancing home entertainment in CD, DVD and Blu-ray players.


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

revolutionizing communication


French Telephone/One-Piece Handset—Class of 1868 Robert G. Brown designed and developed the first telephone system in Paris, France. He is credited for the invention of the “French telephone,” which offered a handset that combined the receiver and mouthpiece of

the phone. Brown revolutionized communication by moving away from the crank generator and candlestick models and paved the way for the more convenient and sophisticated phone system we use today.


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HISTORY IN THE MAKING. “ Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower.” Steve Jobs, 1955–2011


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

Creating a new dimension in space exploration


NASA Astronaut—AE, Class of 1974 Throughout his illustrious career at NASA, Charles Camarda logged over 333 hours in space, obtained seven patents and received more than 21 awards for technical innovations. Perhaps his most notable distinction was his Research and Development 100 Award from Industrial Research Magazine for the “Heat-Pipe-Cooled Sandwich Panel.” Camarda’s design synergized the thermal efficiency of heat

pipes and the structural efficiency of honeycomb sandwich construction, which significantly reduced stress from high tempera­tures in NASA Scramjet engines. Camarda’s efforts have led to the improvement of structural stability in NASA’s spacecrafts and the development of more advanced launch vehicles. Camarda was NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering’s distinguished engineer in residence from 2009 to 2011.


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

Detecting Deadly Secrets in a Drop of Blood

STEPHEN ARNOLD Biosensors—Faculty

Dr. Stephen Arnold, professor of physics and chemistry, noticed the way microscopic particles interacted with light. This observation led him to invent a prototype for a biosensor—the world’s most sensitive virus detection device—that identifies infectious agents in real time. Named the “Whispering Mode Biosensor,” his development is capable of isolating a single blood-borne virus and locating a foreign particle in a patient’s

blood, immediately saving precious time and ultimately saving lives. Recent advancements to the technology enabled Arnold and his team to set a record for identifying the smallest single virus particles in solution. Instant detection of a viral or toxic infection is a perennial health-care need and yet-to-be-realized clinical dream that is increasingly important in an age that faces pandemics and bioterrorism threats.


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Digital Media—Faculty R. Luke DuBois is an American composer, performer, conceptual new media artist, programmer, record producer, laptop musician and pedagogue. As a conceptual artist, DuBois takes on various topics in American culture and places them under a computational microscope, attempting to raise issues relevant to information theory, perception of time, canonicity and gaze. His research into issues of musical time revolve around a technique called time-lapse phonography, as used in his piece “Billboard.” Like his artwork, his instrumental writing is often

based on techniques derived from stochastic music and data mining, using metaphors and information from cultural topics as source material but with a post-modern stylistic approach. Having collaborated with a wide range of artists and musicians, his music integrates real-time performer-computer interaction with algorithmic methodologies repurposed from other fields, most notably formal grammars such as L-systems. DuBois is the co-author of Jitter, a software suite for developing video effects in Max/MSP by Cycling 74.


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

raising the bars for mobile networks


Cooperative Mobile Networks—Faculty Dr. Elza Erkip, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering, developed a way to boost mobile device signal strength by focusing on a traditionally untapped resource—other mobile devices. As a result of Dr. Erkip’s research, mobile signals, rather

than conflicting with one another, will actually combine to strengthen the connection for the receiver. Effectively reducing interference and conserving battery life, her invention will result in greater reliability and efficiency for all mobile devices.


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

Learning about marine life with artificial life


Biomimetic Robot Fish—Faculty One of Popular Science’s “Brilliant 10” and a frequent feature in science media, Maurizio Porfiri is recognized for his work on biologically inspired robots that mimic the near-silent movement of schooling fish so

convincingly that real fish are enticed to follow them. His goal is to create self-powered underwater robots capable of steering fish populations away from hazards such as oil and chemical spills or power turbines.


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Invention begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:



Toroidal Distribution Transformer—Faculty Francisco de Leon, professor of electrical and computer engineering, is one of the researchers whose efforts to improve the delivery of electricity are contributing to smart grid technology. His areas of interest include the electromagnetic design and modeling of electrical machines, the analysis of transient and steady-state power

systems, cable ampacity and the definitions of power for nonlinear and unbalanced circuits. He is developing a toroidal distribution transformer—an innovative design that will allow for more efficient use of power, lower utility costs and conservation of raw materials—to increase electromagnetic energy conversion in distribution grids.


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Hybrid Neuroprothesis (HNP)—Faculty Jonathan Chao has made several key steps toward the completion of a fully implantable device—the subdural Hybrid Neuroprosthesis (HNP)—for the treatment of severe cerebral cortical epilepsy. This form of epilepsy is resistant to all available antiepileptic drugs and

also unsuitable for traditional surgical interventions. Chao’s HNP will record the electrical discharge of neurons in the epileptogenic cerebral cortical area, recognize abnormal patterns leading to an epileptic seizure and deliver an antiepileptic drug to prevent seizure generation.


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

Preserving masterpieces with mathematics

DAVID AND GREGORY CHUDNOVSKY Numerical Computation—Faculty

NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering Professors David and Gregory Chudnovsky have left an indelible mark on the world of mathematics. Most recently, the brothers have assisted the Metropolitan Museum of Art in merging a series of digital photographs taken of “The Hunt of the Unicorn” tapestries.

The brothers built a customized, sophisticated super computer to create a vector displacement map to merge the tens of thousands of threads in the 500-year-old tapestry.


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:



Cyber Security窶認aculty Nasir Memon, an associate professor of computer science, is leading the field of cyberspace security with his research in steganography, the practice of hiding one piece of information within another. His academic interests include digital forensics, data compression and multimedia computing. He has published over 250 articles in journals and conference proceedings, and holds a dozen patents in image compression and security. He is one of the founding members of the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Security and Privacy (CRISSP),

a collaborative initiative of multiple schools within NYU, including NYU Steinhardt, NYU Wagner, NYU Stern and NYU Courant. Due to the efforts of Memon and other faculty members, the NYU School of Engineering has been named a Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education by the National Security Agency (NSA), making it the first school in New York City to receive this prestigious designation.


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Entrepreneurship begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

Creating models tHAT turn social media into big business


New Media窶認aculty Professor Keith Ross has worked in security and privacy, peer-to-peer networking, internet measurement, video streaming, multi-service loss networks, content distribution networks, queuing theory and Markov decision processes. Now, Ross is using the information posted on social media sites such as Facebook, MySpace and

YouTube to help optimize online advertising, thereby advancing corporate revenues. Ross uses rigorous mathematic models to explore the economics of user-generated content, particularly text and video on the internet. His research examines the linkages between this content and its monetization through online advertising.


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

Invention begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

giving Astronauts a stronger grip

Creating socially-aware radio stations in the cloud

daniella patrick AND cindy rom


Mechanical engineering students Daniella Patrick (left) and Cindy Rom (right) worked alongside Professor Joo H. Kim during the Undergraduate Summer Research Program to improve spacesuit mobility through innovative research. Focusing their efforts on astronaut glove technology, they designed an adaptable robotic hand that fits into a variety of glove designs and measures the torque necessary to accurately move each finger. The new testing method will aid manual dexterity in space, allowing astronauts to make the best use of time and energy.

NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering Time Warner Cable lnno/Vention finalists Luc Succes (left) and Shirley Wynn (right) created a cloud-based service called that provides radio stations with real-time feedback and analytics on their listeners connected through web and mobile platforms. Listeners can pick what they actually want to hear and communicate with other listeners and the DJ. Their innovation has landed them first place in the 2012 Inno/Vention Competition at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering.

Space Glove Technology—ME, Class of 2013

Neocast.FM—CS, Class of 2012


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Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:

Innovation begins at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering:


helping healing with A BIODEGRADABLE BANDAGE

Jared Frank AND David Lopez


NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering graduate students Jared Frank (left) and David Lopez (right) are using the features of iPads, iPhones and iPods to make personal robots easy to control, and interactions between them and humans as natural as possible. Taking advantage of the cutting-edge sensors, accelerometers, gyroscopes and other innovations of commonly available consumer electronics, their project would allow a paralyzed or disabled person to control a robot using eye motions recorded by a camera on a mobile device.

Joseph Landolina (left) and Kenny Mai (right) recognized a need to evolve the common bandage, which has remained unchanged for nearly a century. The two developed Medi-Gel, an organic, gelatinous bandage that solidifies and bonds to a laceration. This medical breakthrough is biodegradable, self‑absorbent and will help reproduce healthy skin cells around the injured area. The pair were winners in the 2011 NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering Inno/Vention Competition.

iDevice—ME, Class of 2016, Class of 2014

Medi-Gel—BME/CE, ME, Class of 2014


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NYU Wireless, led by Theodore (Ted) Rappaport, professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, is an interdisciplinary research center that brings together academics with expertise in millimeter wave wireless communications and circuits, distributed networking and computing and many branches of medicine. There are already 24 faculty and 100 graduate and undergraduate students who participate in annual research, funded by about $10 million from industrial affiliates and large NSF, NIH and other competitive research programs. The center’s

diverse personnel come from the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering’s Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, NYU’s Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences and the NYU Langone School of Medicine. Working with some of the world’s best doctors and surgeons, the center aims to solve real problems in the medical field, while bringing industry sponsors in direct contact with engineering challenges and market opportunities at the intersection of wireless technology and health care.


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What Will You Do? Invention, innovation and entrepreneurship is more than a slogan—it’s a way of life at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering. We hope you will be inspired to learn how to put your own ideas into action in our challenging academic programs in engineering, science and technology management. Who knows? Your “eureka” moment just might change the world.


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Located at: Six MetroTech Center Brooklyn, NY 11201 + 1 718 637 5955 All correspondence should be sent to: New York University Office of Undergraduate Admissions 665 Broadway, 11th Floor New York, NY 10012 + 1 212 998 4500

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Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Begin at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering  
Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Begin at the NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering