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2TGRCTGHQTEJCPIG R22 REFRIGERANT PHASE-OUT / CHILLERS / VRV / VRF / SPLIT SYSTEMS

&QGU[QWTCKTEQPFKVKQPKPIU[UVGO PGGFTGRNCEKPI! Do you need to reduce your energy costs? Do your systems contain HCFC (R22) refrigerant? If Yes, What benefits can Space Air offer you?

a Energy savings of more than 40% a 3 & 5 Year Warranties a Lower maintenance costs a Qualify for Enhanced Capital Allowances a More efficient control management system for greater comfort and less hassle a Finance available a 30 years experience

Guildford (HQ) 01483 504883 / Leeds 0113 282 2171 / Bristol 01275 341030 / Birmingham 0121 722 3223 / Manchester 0161 {Ón {Èä7


SPACE AIRCONDITIONING PLC Established in 1980, Space Air is the largest of Daikin’s Europe-wide network of independent distributors and is acknowledged as a leading exponent of Daikin air conditioning, heat pump products and systems. We pride ourselves on our wealth of technical expertise and award winning customer services which are reflected in our ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 quality and environmental standards. Space Air Solutions Ltd, a subsidiary of Space Airconditioning plc, and is a dedicated team to support environmental products for residential applications, such as the latest Altherma air to water heat pump product range.

Manchester Leeds

Birmingham

Guildford (HQ) Bristol

HQ - Manufacturing & Warehousing Regional Offices Approved Installer Network


INTRODUCTION... HCFC R22 is the most widely used refrigerant in air conditioning, heat pump and refrigeration equipment, however, it is classified as an ozone depleting substance and so is the subject of a phase-out programme under the European Community (EC) Regulation No. 2037/2000. From the end of December 2009 it became illegal to use any virgin (new) HCFC refrigerants including R22 for service and maintenance purposes and from the end of December 2014 all R22, including reclaimed/recycled, will be banned. This regulation means that owners/operators of any air conditioning, heat pump and refrigeration equipment, designed to use R22, should plan to replace this equipment. These phase-outs coincide with energy consumption and carbon emission concerns and as a consequence manufacturers have developed new technologies to improve operating efficiencies up to 40%. The manufacture of air conditioning, heat pump and refrigeration equipment designed to use R22 (for the European market) was phased out from 1999 and finally prohibited in 2004, therefore much of this equipment is already becoming due for replacement as it is nearing the end of its normal life cycle period. Coupled with the Energy Performance in Buildings Directive and other legislation designed to reduce the environmental impact of our commercial buildings, the need for building owners/operators to show their green credentials by acting on environmental responsibilities has never been greater. Space Air believes, as Daikin Distributors since 1980, that we share these environmental responsibilities and must act to raise awareness of current and imminent legal obligations affecting air conditioning, heat pump and refrigeration equipment installations. We can assist with the planning process and replacement strategy for existing systems operating with HCFC R22 refrigerant and advise on all environmentally acceptable, energy efficient alternatives available from Daikin’s extensive and world renowned product range. It is important that end-users are able to make informed and timely decisions when electing to replace their existing air conditioning systems. With this in mind Space Air can detail a number of replacement options for consideration and offers information on the various practical and financial advantages of a replacement strategy.


WHY REPLACE NOW RATHER THAN LATER? End-users may believe there is a sufficient amount of time (5 yrs) in which to replace their existing air conditioning system. This is true to a certain extent, however, there are a number of factors that should be taken into careful consideration before deciding which course of action to take, such as: U

The sale/use of virgin (new) R22 refrigerant was banned in the European Community from the end of December 2009.

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From the end of December 2014 all R22 systems will effectively become obsolete as the use of any HCFC refrigerants (new or recycled) for service and maintenance will be illegal.

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Industry experts are concerned that a last minute rush to beat the phase-out deadline will result in very high costs, labour shortages and poorly installed replacements.

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Sourcing and procurement of R22 refrigerants (virgin and recycled) and equipment spare parts will become increasingly difficult, which in turn will result in maintenance issues, long lead times and unacceptable system downtimes due to availability limitations.

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The price of spare parts for equipment designed to use R22 has recently increased by up to 30% and will continue to rise as it becomes less cost effective to maintain supplies.

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The frequency of older (R22 based) system breakdowns can be expected to increase.

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R22 systems consume more electricity (up to 40% more) than modern equivalents thus producing higher CO2/carbon emissions and operating costs.

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Advances in air conditioning and heat pump technology mean that the associated running costs can be around 30-40% lower than systems operating with R22 refrigerants.


THE BENEFITS OF REPLACING YOUR EXISTING SYSTEM: UÊÊ

˜iÀ}ÞÊÃ>ۈ˜}ÃʜvʓœÀiÊ̅>˜Ê{ä¯1 Older HCFC R22 systems on average have a COP (Co efficient of Performance) of 2.5 or 250% efficient. Current HFC R410A systems on average have a COP of 4 or 400% (kW output divided by kW input). Therefore if your current running costs are £10,000 per year you could save as much as £4,000 per year.

ÎÊ̜ÊxÊÞi>ÀÊÜ>ÀÀ>˜ÌÞʜ˜Ê˜iÜÊiµÕˆ«“i˜Ì Your existing system holds no warranty so breakdowns will be costly. When you replace your equipment with Daikin you will have a full 3 year warranty which in some cases can be extended to 5 years at very little cost2.

œÜiÀʓ>ˆ˜Ìi˜>˜ViÊVœÃÌÃÊ­“œÀiÊ̅>˜Ê£x¯® Older systems need regular maintenance and with less informative controls faults can take longer to diagnose. With the advancements in technology and electronic controls, maintenance has been simplified with remote diagnostics and reduced service times.

œÀiÊivvˆVˆi˜ÌÊVœ˜ÌÀœÊ“>˜>}i“i˜ÌÊÃÞÃÌi“ Older systems have limited management control and are more difficult and costly to manage; newer systems with the advancements in electronics make it easier to manage and troubleshoot via a weblink or remotely at almost no cost.

ˆ˜>˜Vi Assistance with finance can be available in several forms, ranging from: - Normal credit terms with extra discounts for prompt payment. - Lease Finance or Hire Purchase - Enhanced Capital Allowance (100% first year capital allowance) - Carbon Trust interest free loans - Grant Support - Reduced VAT (for private dwellings)

-«>ViʈÀÊV>˜ÊœvviÀÊ>ʼÌ>ŽiÊL>VŽÉÀiVÞVˆ˜}ÊÃiÀۈVi½ÊvœÀÊ`iVœ““ˆÃȜ˜i`ÊiµÕˆ«“i˜Ì°ÊÊ (some limitations apply).

1 - on all replacement Daikin equipment 2 - VRV / Chiller installations commissioned by Space Air.


WHY REPLACE YOUR SYSTEM WITH SPACE AIR? We understand that the thought of having to replace an entire system may seem a little daunting, however, help is at hand. We can provide a complete replacement management solution encompassing all aspects of the process such as: Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê

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UÊÊTechnical consultations/site surveys a U System re-designs a U Quotations a U Energy and CO2 simulations a U Schematics a U Installer recommendations a UÊÊReplacement strategy a UÊÊMaintenance strategy a U Remote support a U System decommissioning & commissioning a UÊÊWaste Management a U Financial considerations a U 30 years experience in providing solutions a

As original suppliers of your existing equipment we already have a wealth of both your system and site knowledge; From this we are able to quickly ascertain what the process will entail. If we did not supply the original system, our expert assessors can determine the ideal Daikin alternative.

BENEFITS OF A NEW SYSTEM FROM SPACE AIR Due to advances in technology R-410A systems have a multitude of benefits, such as: Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê

Ê Ê Ê Ê ÊR22 Ê - R-410A Ê Ê footprint Ê Ê comparison Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê

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U Improved efficiency a UÊÊGreater capacity a U Increased performance a UÊÊImproved reliability a U Reduced carbon emissions a UÊÊAbility to heat as well as cool a U Physically smaller and quieter a U Longer lasting with 3 to 5 years warranty a UÊÊGreater flexibility a U Superior control systems a

It may also be helpful to know that as well as the technological benefits there are a number financial advantages to be gained from replacing an existing system such as significant reductions in system running and maintenance costs. Financial support can be available in the form of interest free loans from The Carbon Trust, Enhanced Capital Allowance Tax breaks and Space Air’s own Finance Leasing and Hire Purchase options.


 ",/" Ê& DEFINITIONS: ,ivÀˆ}iÀ>˜Ìʇ is a chemical substance (non explosive, non corrosive, non toxic) used in the refrigeration cycle in all types of air conditioning, heat pump and refrigeration equipment. The advantage of refrigerant is that it has thermodynamic properties, which can carry 50 times more energy than air and 10 times more energy than water, per kg of weight and has a boiling temperature of between -40°C to -50°C which enables efficient heat energy absorption. Refrigerant comes in several types: ChloroFluoroCarbon CFC (R11 & R12) HydroChloroFuoroCarbon HCFC (R22) HydroFluoroCarbon HFC (R134a, R407C, R410A) CFC and HCFC contain chlorine, which is known to damage the ozone layer. CFCs are now banned and HCFCs are being phased out. There are non-fluoro refrigerants such as Ammonia and Hydrocarbons; however, these have safety restrictions due to their explosive, corrosive and/or toxicity features. ˆÀÊ œ˜`ˆÌˆœ˜ˆ˜}ʇÊin its full definition means controlling the temperature (heating and cooling), ventilation, filtration, humidification and dehumidification. ,ivÀˆ}iÀ>̈œ˜Ê ÞViʇÊis a sealed process utilising refrigerant as a substance used to transfer energy. The cycle comprises four main components: Evaporator where the energy absorption occurs Compressor where the pressure, hence temperature is increased Condenser where the energy is rejected Expansion Device to reduce pressure, hence pressure The refrigeration cycle exists in all types of equipment such as the home refrigerator, freezer, car air conditioning, cold rooms, supermarket freezers and coolers, chillers in building or industrial processes. COP (Coefficient Of Performance)ʇÊThis can be described as a factor or percentage. It is a measure of the efficiency of a device and is the result of dividing the energy output by the total energy input. COP is measured at specific operating conditions and must not be confused with seasonal efficiencies. COP is the measure of energy efficiency in heating. EER (Energy Efficiency Ratio)ʇÊIt is the same definition as COP, except it is used to measure energy efficiency in cooling. SPF (Seasonal Performance Efficiency)ʇ SPF is the total energy output divided by the total energy input measured over a period of time (generally annually) at various temperatures and times reflecting the true overall efficiency of a device or system. i>ÌÊ*Փ«Ãʇ absorb heat (evaporator) from outside and transfers it via a refrigeration cycle to inside (condenser). The Heat Pump system can be a reverse cycle type that can provide heating or cooling.

œœˆ˜}Ê ÞViʇ absorbs heat (evaporator) from inside and transfers it via a refrigeration cycle to outside (condenser). -«ˆÌÃÊ-ÞÃÌi“ÃʇÊcomprise of two components (one indoor and outdoor) with interconnecting refrigeration pipe work. A split system can be cooling only or reverse cycle heat pump. VRV (Variable Refrigerant Volume, sometimes referred to as VRF (Variable Refrigerant Flow) - VRV is a multi split system where several indoor units can be connected to one outdoor unit. Can be available as cooling only, heating or heat recovery. *>VŽ>}i`ʇ the complete refrigeration cycle (evaporator, condenser, compressor) are all in one enclosure. These could be aircooled, water-cooled or a mix.

…ˆiÀʇ a packaged refrigeration cycle where the heat absorption and rejection into the space is carried out via water. Chillers can be water-cooled (condenser heat is rejected via water), air-cooled (heat is rejected – cooling to the surrounding ambient air or absorbed heating from the surrounding air). ˜ÛiÀÌiÀʇ converts direct current into alternating current by changing the frequency of the electrical supply to a motor, hence changing the speed accordingly. ˜ÛiÀÌiÀÊ œ˜ÌÀœÊ‡ Changing the speed of the compressor motor to match the capacity of the system via electronic sensing of temperatures and pressures. ‡>ÃÊ,i}Տ>̈œ˜ÊʇÊFluorinated gases (or F-gases), currently used in refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump systems (HFCs), are safe and efficient but are green-house-gases (GHG) with global warming potential (GWP) if leaked to atmosphere. EC F-Gas Regulation 842/2006 introduced legislation in the UK and all other EU Member States to improve containment and reduce emissions of F-Gases covered by the Kyoto Protocol. Ê,i}Տ>̈œ˜ (EC2037/2000) – introduced bans on the use of certain ozone depleting substances. Some bans were immediate and others, including HCFCs used in refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment, are being phased in. The supply/use of virgin HCFCs will be banned from the end of 2009 and the supply/use of recycled or reclaimed HCFCs will be banned from the end of 2014. HCFC – HydroChloroFlouroCarbon refrigerant gases are most commonly found in older refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment. However these gases contain ozone depleting properties if leaked to atmosphere and therefore all HCFCs (including blends) are the subject of an EU Phase out Regulation – see EC 2037/2000 above.


Space Airconditioning plc: Willway Court, 1 Opus Park, Moorfield Road, Guildford, Surrey GU1 1SZ England Tel: 01483 504 883 Fax: 01483 574 835 Email: info@spaceair.co.uk GuildfordsBristolsLeedssBirminghamsManchester www.spaceair.co.uk

Daikin Europe N.V. is approved by LRQA for its Quality Management System in accordance with the ISO9001 standard. ISO9001 pertains to quality assurance regarding design, development, manufacturing as well as to services related to the product.

ISO14001 assures an effective environmental management system in order to help protect human health and the environment from the potential impact of our activities, products and services and to assist in maintaining and improving the quality of the environment. Daikin’s unique position as a manufacturer of air conditioning equipment, compressors and refrigerants has led to its close involvement in environmental issues. For several years Daikin has had the intention to become a leader in the provision of environmental friendly products. This challenge demands the eco design and development of a wide range of products and an energy management system, which involves energy conservation and reduction of waste.

Space Airconditioning plc is approved by QAS International Ltd for its Environmental Management System in accordance with the ISO 14001 standard. Assessed for the Distribution of Air Conditioning Equipment and Manufacture of Ancillary components, the ISO 14001 standard acknowledges our efforts to reduce the environmental impact of our business activities. Space Airconditioning plc is approved by QAS International Ltd for its Quality Management System in accordance with the ISO 9001 standard. ISO 9001 pertains to quality assurance regarding design, development, manufacturing as well as to services related to the product.

Space Airconditioning plc established in 1980, is the UK’s leading exponent of air source heat pumps and the largest distributor in Daikin’s European network.

SAIR22-01/10

Call: 01483 504883

Space Airconditioning plc registered No. 1313460 England. This document is produced and is the property of SpaceAirconditioning plc. © All rights reserved. Specifications are subject to change without prior notice.

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